A family of enveloped, linear, double-stranded DNA viruses infecting a wide variety of animals. Subfamilies, based on biological characteristics, include: ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE; BETAHERPESVIRINAE; and GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE.
Virus diseases caused by the HERPESVIRIDAE.
A species of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, whose genus is so far unassigned. It is probably the causative agent of ADENOMA or ADENOCARCINOMA in the kidneys of certain frogs.
A subfamily of HERPESVIRIDAE characterized by a short replication cycle. The genera include: SIMPLEXVIRUS; VARICELLOVIRUS; MAREK'S DISEASE-LIKE VIRUSES; and ILTOVIRUS.
A subfamily of HERPESVIRIDAE characterized by a relatively long replication cycle. Genera include: CYTOMEGALOVIRUS; MUROMEGALOVIRUS; and ROSEOLOVIRUS.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS producing a respiratory infection (PSEUDORABIES) in swine, its natural host. It also produces an usually fatal ENCEPHALOMYELITIS in cattle, sheep, dogs, cats, foxes, and mink.
Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.
The type species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing most forms of non-genital herpes simplex in humans. Primary infection occurs mainly in infants and young children and then the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. It then is periodically reactivated throughout life causing mostly benign conditions.
A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily BETAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting the salivary glands, liver, spleen, lungs, eyes, and other organs, in which they produce characteristically enlarged cells with intranuclear inclusions. Infection with Cytomegalovirus is also seen as an opportunistic infection in AIDS.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A subfamily of HERPESVIRIDAE characterized by variable reproductive cycles. The genera include: LYMPHOCRYPTOVIRUS and RHADINOVIRUS.
The type species of ROSEOLOVIRUS isolated from patients with AIDS and other LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS. It infects and replicates in fresh and established lines of hematopoietic cells and cells of neural origin. It also appears to alter NK cell activity. HHV-6; (HBLV) antibodies are elevated in patients with AIDS, Sjogren's syndrome, sarcoidosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, and certain malignancies. HHV-6 is the cause of EXANTHEMA SUBITUM and has been implicated in encephalitis.
Virus diseases caused by the POXVIRIDAE.
A family of double-stranded DNA viruses infecting mammals (including humans), birds and insects. There are two subfamilies: CHORDOPOXVIRINAE, poxviruses of vertebrates, and ENTOMOPOXVIRINAE, poxviruses of insects.
A genus of the family POXVIRIDAE, subfamily CHORDOPOXVIRINAE, comprising poxviruses infecting sheep, goats, and cattle. Transmission is usually mechanical by arthropods, but also includes contact, airborne routes, and non-living reservoirs (fomites).
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
Members of the peptidase C19 family which regulate signal transduction by removing UBIQUITIN from specific protein substrates via a process known as deubiquitination or deubiquitylation.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
A thioester hydrolase which acts on esters formed between thiols such as DITHIOTHREITOL or GLUTATHIONE and the C-terminal glycine residue of UBIQUITIN.
A highly conserved 76-amino acid peptide universally found in eukaryotic cells that functions as a marker for intracellular PROTEIN TRANSPORT and degradation. Ubiquitin becomes activated through a series of complicated steps and forms an isopeptide bond to lysine residues of specific proteins within the cell. These "ubiquitinated" proteins can be recognized and degraded by proteosomes or be transported to specific compartments within the cell.
A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.
Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A species in the genus GARDNERELLA previously classified as Haemophilus vaginalis. This bacterium, also isolated from the female genital tract of healthy women, is implicated in the cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL).
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.
Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A species of SIMPLEXVIRUS that causes vesicular lesions of the mouth in monkeys. When the virus is transmitted to man it causes an acute encephalitis or encephalomyelitis, which is nearly always fatal.
A group of acute infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 that is characterized by the development of one or more small fluid-filled vesicles with a raised erythematous base on the skin or mucous membrane. It occurs as a primary infection or recurs due to a reactivation of a latent infection. (Dorland, 27th ed.)
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE, consisting of herpes simplex-like viruses. The type species is HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN.
Infection of the genitals (GENITALIA) with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in either the males or the females.
Infection of the retina by cytomegalovirus characterized by retinal necrosis, hemorrhage, vessel sheathing, and retinal edema. Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a major opportunistic infection in AIDS patients and can cause blindness.
Infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS, characterized by enlarged cells bearing intranuclear inclusions. Infection may be in almost any organ, but the salivary glands are the most common site in children, as are the lungs in adults.
A family of structurally related proteins that are induced by CYTOKINES and negatively regulate cytokine-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS. SOCS proteins contain a central SH2 DOMAIN and a C-terminal region of homology known as the SOCS box.
Methods used by pathogenic organisms to evade a host's immune system.
Hereditary, progressive degeneration of the neuroepithelium of the retina characterized by night blindness and progressive contraction of the visual field.
Inflammation of the RETINA. It is rarely limited to the retina, but is commonly associated with diseases of the choroid (CHORIORETINITIS) and of the OPTIC DISK (neuroretinitis).

Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. (1/1077)

A highly fatal hemorrhagic disease has been identified in 10 young Asian and African elephants at North American zoos. In the affected animals there was ultrastructural evidence for herpesvirus-like particles in endothelial cells of the heart, liver, and tongue. Consensus primer polymerase chain reaction combined with sequencing yielded molecular evidence that confirmed the presence of two novel but related herpesviruses associated with the disease, one in Asian elephants and another in African elephants. Otherwise healthy African elephants with external herpetic lesions yielded herpesvirus sequences identical to that found in Asian elephants with endothelial disease. This finding suggests that the Asian elephant deaths were caused by cross-species infection with a herpesvirus that is naturally latent in, but normally not lethal to, African elephants. A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease.  (+info)

Human herpesviruses in chronic fatigue syndrome. (2/1077)

We have conducted a double-blind study to assess the possible involvement of the human herpesviruses (HHVs) HHV6, HHV7, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and cytomegalovirus in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients compared to age-, race-, and gender-matched controls. The CFS patient population was composed of rigorously screened civilian and Persian Gulf War veterans meeting the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's CFS case definition criteria. Healthy control civilian and veteran populations had no evidence of CFS or any other exclusionary medical or psychiatric condition. Patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells were analyzed by PCR for the presence of these HHVs. Using two-tailed Fisher's exact test analyses, we were unable to ascertain any statistically significant differences between the CFS patient and control populations in terms of the detection of one or more of these viruses. This observation was upheld when the CFS populations were further stratified with regard to the presence or absence of major axis I psychopathology and patient self-reported gradual versus acute onset of disease. In tandem, we performed serological analyses of serum anti-EBV and anti-HHV6 antibody titers and found no significant differences between the CFS and control patients.  (+info)

Amplification of the six major human herpesviruses from cerebrospinal fluid by a single PCR. (3/1077)

We used a novel type of primer system, a system that uses stair primers, in which the primer sequences are based on consensus sequences in the DNA polymerase gene of herpesvirus to detect herpesviruses by PCR. A single PCR in a single tube detected the six major herpesviruses that infect the central nervous system: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), and type 2 (HSV-2), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). We used the technique to analyze 142 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples that had been stored at -80 degrees C and compared the results with those obtained previously for the same samples by standard, targeted PCR. Four hundred one targeted PCR tests had been run with the 142 samples to detect HSV-1, HSV-2, CMV, and VZV; screening for EBV and HHV-6 was not prescribed when the samples were initially taken. Eighteen CSF samples tested positive by classic targeted PCR. The herpesvirus consensus PCR detected herpesviruses in 37 samples, including 3 samples with coinfections and 17 viral isolates which were not targeted. Two samples identified as infected by the targeted PCR tested negative by the consensus PCR, and eight samples that tested positive by the consensus PCR were negative by the targeted PCR. One hundred three samples scored negative by both the targeted and the consensus PCRs. This preliminary study demonstrates the value of testing for six different herpesviruses simultaneously by a sensitive and straightforward technique rather than screening only for those viruses that are causing infections as suggested by clinical signs.  (+info)

Distribution of B-cell epitopes on the pseudorabies virus glycoprotein B. (4/1077)

In order to map antigenically important regions of glycoprotein B (gB) of pseudorabies virus (PrV), a panel of recombinant fragments of gB expressed in E. coli and truncated fragments of gB generated by cleavage of purified native gB with trypsin and cyanogen bromide was analysed by using 26 monoclonal antibodies directed against gB. Three continuous epitopes were localized in the vicinity of the N terminus of gB, between amino acids (aa) 59 and 126. One continuous epitope mapped between residues 214 and 279. The residues involved in the assembly of eight discontinuous epitopes were located between aa 540 and 734. The constituents of two discontinuous epitopes were harboured in a segment encompassing aa 540-646. The clustering of continuous epitopes at the extreme N terminus of PrV gB and the locations of residues involved in the assembly of discontinuous epitopes of PrV gB are in good agreement with data on epitope locations in gB homologues from other herpesviruses.  (+info)

Diagnosis of malignant catarrhal fever by PCR using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. (5/1077)

A previously described polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay (amplification of a 238-bp fragment of ovine herpesvirus 2 [OHV-2] genomic DNA) for diagnosis of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) was adapted for use on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. Variables affecting its use were examined. Archived tissues from cattle, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and bison (Bison bison) diagnosed with MCF by clinical signs or histologic lesions were obtained from 2 veterinary diagnostic laboratories. Tissues from healthy animals and from animals diagnosed with other common bovine viral diseases were examined as controls. A total of 86 blocks from 37 suspect MCF cases were examined. Forty-one blocks from healthy animals and animals with unrelated viral diseases were examined as controls. The assay was specific for sheep-associated MCF and did not yield false-positive signals from healthy animals or from cases of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, bovine virus diarrhea, mucosal disease, or parainfluenza-3 virus infection. A wide variety of tissues were suitable substrates, including spleen, lymph node, intestine, brain, lung, and kidney. Extracted DNA provided a more suitable target than did unextracted tissue lysate. The highest levels of viral DNA were present in lymphoid organs and intestine, but the data indicate that in acute clinical cases, most organs contain sufficient viral DNA to serve as a suitable diagnostic specimen. Fixation of 0.5-cm3 blocks of tissue in 10% neutral buffered formalin was deleterious to the target DNA, and PCR signals progressively diminished after fixation for >45 days. Detection of genomic DNA of OHV-2 by PCR was successful for archived tissues that were 15 years old.  (+info)

Comparison of PCR, virus isolation, and indirect fluorescent antibody staining in the detection of naturally occurring feline herpesvirus infections. (6/1077)

Cats with clinical signs suggestive of ocular infection with feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV 1) and cats without such signs were assayed by 3 methods to detect FHV. Comparison of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), virus isolation, and indirect fluorescent antibody staining techniques for the detection of FHV demonstrated higher sensitivity of PCR in detecting this common infectious agent of cats. Compared with PCR, sensitivity and specificity for virus isolation was 49% and 100%, respectively, and those of indirect immunofluorescence were 29% and 96%, respectively. FHV was detected in 13.7% of client-owned cats with conjunctivitis and in 31% of shelter cats with no ocular signs. The use of FHV PCR as a diagnostic test for FHV-associated disease is limited because of the occurrence of healthy carriers.  (+info)

Encephalitis induced by bovine herpesvirus 5 and protection by prior vaccination or infection with bovine herpesvirus 1. (7/1077)

Calves were intranasally challenged with bovine herpesvirus 5 (BHV5) and followed for the development of viral infection, clinical encephalitis, histologic lesions in the brain, and viral sequences in the trigeminal ganglia. Calves that were previously vaccinated with bovine herepesvirus 1 (BHV1, n = 4) or previously infected with BHV1 (n = 5) or that had not been exposed to either virus (n = 4) were compared. No calf developed signs of encephalitis, although all calves developed an infection as indicated by nasal secretion of BHV5 and seroconversion to the virus. Histologic lesions of encephalitis consisting of multifocal gliosis and perivascular cuffs of lymphocytes were observed in calves not previously exposed to BHV1. BHV5 sequences were amplified from the trigeminal ganglia of calves previously vaccinated and from calves not previously exposed to BHV1; calves sequentially challenged with BHV1 and later BHV5 had exclusively BHV1 sequences in their trigeminal ganglia. Administration of dexamethasone 28 days after BHV5 challenge did not influence clinical disease or histologic lesions in either previously unexposed calves (n = 2) or previously immunized calves (n = 2), although it did cause recrudescence of BHV5, as detected by nasal virus secretion.  (+info)

Detection of caprine herpesvirus 1 in sacral ganglia of latently infected goats by PCR. (8/1077)

A study of the latency of caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV.1) was carried out with four latently infected goats. Three goats were treated with dexamethasone and euthanized after 4 and 6 days. PCR and virus isolation allowed us to detect CpHV.1 only in the third and fourth sacral ganglia of the two animals euthanized 6 days after the start of treatment.  (+info)

Herpesvirus sylvilagus is a lymphotropic (type gamma) herpesvirus of cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus floridanus). Analysis of virion DNA of herpesvirus sylvilagus has revealed that the genome consists of one stretch of about 120 kilobase pairs of internal, unique DNA flanked by a variable number of 553-base-pair tandem repeats. The G + C content of the repetitive DNA is extremely high (83%), as determined by sequencing. The organization of the herpesvirus sylvilagus genome is, therefore, similar to that of the primate lymphotropic viruses herpesvirus saimiri and herpesvirus ateles.
Human herpesviruses are characterized by distinct states of infection. analyzed expression of EBV latent genes and investigated their contribution to the unique histologic phenotype of HLP. Coexpression of lytic and transforming viral proteins was detected simultaneously within individual HLP keratinocytes. LMP1 has now been shown to be uniformly expressed in the affected tissue and it is associated and colocalizes with tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) signaling molecules. Effects induced by activated TRAF signaling that were detected in HLP included activation of NF-κB and c-Jun terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) and upregulated expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) CD40 A20 and TRAFs. This study identifies a novel state of EBV infection with concurrent expression of replicative and transforming proteins. It is probable that both replicative and latent proteins contribute to HLP development and induce many of the histologic features of HLP such as acanthosis and ...
Herpesviruses are a large group of DNA viruses that cause disease in many organisms [1, 2]. The ability of herpesviruses to occupy diverse biological niches, the wide range of cell types targeted for primary infection and latency, along with acute and chronic infection symptoms, contribute to the significance and relevance of herpesvirus research. In particular, human herpesviruses are a major public health concern due to the prevalence of such viruses within and among populations worldwide and the associated pathologies. Two of the eight disease-causing human herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposis sarcoma virus (KSHV), are associated with neoplastic transformation. A closely related avian herpesvirus, Mareks disease virus (MDV; family Herpesviridae, genus Mardivirus, species Gallid herpesvirus 2) also exhibits oncogenic properties inducing lymphoid tumors in chickens.. MDV rapidly infects B cells and subsequently transforms T cells during pathogenesis of the highly contagious ...
Human Herpetic Viruses and Immune Profiles. By Marwa Mohammed Ali Jassim, Majid Mohammed Mahmood and Murtada Hafedh Hussein. Herpesviruses are large, spherical, enveloped viral particles with linear double-stranded DNA genome. Herpesvirus virion consists of an icosahedral capsid containing viral DNA, surrounded by a protein layer called tegument, and enclosed by an envelope consisting of a lipid bilayer with various glycoproteins. Herpesviruses persist lifelong in their hosts after primary infection by establishing a latent infection interrupted recurrently by reactivations. The Herpesviridae family is divided into three subfamilies; α-herpesviruses, β-herpesviruses, and γ-herpesviruses based on the genome organization, sequence homology, and biological properties. There are eight human herpes viruses: Herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 (HSV-1, −2) andVaricella-zoster virus (VZV), which belong to the α-herpesvirus subfamily; Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), and Human herpesvirus type 6 and 7 ...
Herpesviruses are placed into order Herpesvirales and Herpesviridae family; the latter comprises multiple viral genera and species of human and animal herpesviruses. To date, 8 types of human herpesviruses are known
The ability to establish lifelong latency after primary infection is a common denominator of large DNA viruses of the Herpesviridae family. Herpes viruses are endemic to humans worldwide and contribute to the meta-genome of 70-100% of the worlds population. The significance of herpes viruses as pathogens has been increasingly recognized during the past few decades, with the escalation in the number of patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy after organ or bone marrow transplantation, and the rising incidence of AIDS. The ability of these viruses to ensure their survival by controlling cellular and immunological functions [1] has focused attention on their potential role in the development of vascular [2] and autoimmune syndromes [3], cancers [4], and as possible co-factors for acquisition of HIV [5]. In addition, these viruses have co-evolved with, and shaped, the immune systems of their hosts. The secrets of immunology can only be unlocked efficiently by using well-adapted pathogens like ...
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List of 191 causes for Dark circles under eyes and Herpes-like genital symptoms and Skin swelling, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
List of 26 causes for Face rash and Localized rash and Severe recurring herpes-like symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
American Journal of Veterinary ResearchJanuary 2009, Vol. 70, No. 1, Pages 99-104Assessment of viremia associated with experimental primary feline herpesvirus infection or presumed herpetic recrudescence in catsHans D. Westermeyer, DVM, Sara M. Thomasy, DVM, PhD, Helen Kado-Fong, MS, David J. Maggs, BVScObjective-To detect feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) in blood of cats undergoing experimental primary…
Herpesviruses are found throughout the vertebrate animal kingdom, including many strains associated with reptiles, including IgHV-1 - iguanid herpesvirus, 1 (meaning that, so far, there is only one known strain, or species, of iguanid herpesvirus; to put this into perspective, only within the last few years have new human herpesviruses been found and identified - HHV6-9).. To be able to determine whether an animal has an HV infection, electron microscopy must be done on tissue samples taken from skin or organs. Histology and electron microscopy evaluations can also be done on negatively stained bodily fluids, such as saliva, urine and vesicular fluid.. Typically, as with the human herpesvirus H. simplex (HSVI; infection remains dormant in body; when activated, causes cold and canker sores in mouth and elsewhere on face, and in some cases elsewhere on the body; is different than HSVII, the HHV that causes genital herpes), the virus is dormant for long periods of time during which the host is ...
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV-1) is a member of the Herpesviridae family. All herpesviruses cause life-long infections that shift between latent and lyticand have many treatments but no cures. HSV-1 has a double-stranded ...
Acne is a disease/condition of the skin that occurs due to excessive oil clogging in the pores of skin and is characterized by presence of pimples, blackheads and whiteheads. Herpes refer to any of a group of viral diseases belonging to the Herpesviridae family. Herpes can be caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2).
Feline herpesvirus (FHV-1) is the virus that causes rhinotracheitis in cats. The most common eye conditions caused by FHV-1 are conjunctivitis and keratitis
Herpes is actually a family of eight viruses called the Herpesviridae family of viruses. Besides HSV-1 and HSV-2, the following viruses...
Protection against viruses is provided by the host innate, adaptive and cellular intrinsic immunities. Cellular intrinsic immunity, or intrinsic defence, against herpesviruses is in part enacted by components that constitute nuclear substructures known as ND10. ND10 (also called PML nuclear bodies after its major organising component) are dynamic nuclear domains that contain various cellular proteins, including PML itself, Sp100, hDaxx and ATRX. In the early stages of infection, herpesvirus genomes and sites of immediate early transcription become associated with ND10 and their components. Representative herpesviruses such as an alphaherpesvirus HSV-1 and a betaherpesvirus HCMV encode for strong transcriptional activators, namely the Immediate Early protein ICP0 and the tegument protein pp71, respectively. These proteins are known to counteract cellular intrinsic defence mechanisms. In the context of HSV-1 and HCMV infections, the major ND10 component PML has been identified as an important ...
There are eight herpesviruses (HHV 1-8) that are endemic within the human population. Whilst primary infection can often result in mild or asymptomatic illness, herpesviruses are the principal causative agents associated with a number of severe and potentially life-threatening diseases. A common feature shared by all herpesviruses is their ability to establish a life-long latent infection within their host, which can periodically undergo episodes of viral reactivation leading to recurrent disease and transmission. Antivirals (acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir) are effective at limiting viral spread, but do not inhibit viral reactivation from latency and carry health risks with prolonged use. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that regulated the balance between lytic (active) and latent (silent) states of infection remains an important area of research that may provide novel avenues in the development of new or alternative antiviral therapies.. The post-translational modification (PTM) ...
The herpesvirus family contains six important human pathogens: herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, varicella-zoster virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and human herpesvirus 8
Investigating and assigning gene functions of herpesviruses is a process, which profits from consistent technical innovation. Cloning of bacterial artificial chromosomes encoding herpesvirus genomes permits nearly unlimited possibilities in the construction of genetically modified viruses. Targeted or randomized screening approaches allow rapid identification of essential viral proteins. Nevertheless, mapping of essential genes reveals only limited insight into function. The usage of dominant-negative (DN) proteins has been the tool of choice to dissect functions of proteins during the viral life cycle. DN proteins also facilitate the analysis of host-virus interactions. Finally, DNs serve as starting-point for design of new antiviral strategies.
Description haze Herpes is among the most common infections worldwide. It is a contagious disease caused by a virus blistering behalf of theherpes simplex virus. It belongs to the family of human herpes viruses (herpesvirus family) with eight representatives inducing...
Kahnert K, Lucke T, Biertz F, Lechner A, Watz H, Alter P, Bals R, Behr J, Holle R, Huber R, Karrasch S, Stubbe B, Wacker M, Söhler S, Wouters E, Vogelmeier C, Jörres R, for the COSYCONET study group ...
The ICD10 code for the diagnosis Herpesviral hepatitis is B00.81. B00.81 is a VALID/BILLABLE ICD10 code, i.e it is valid for submission for HIPAA-covered transactions.
Restorelle® produkter har Smartmesh® teknologi i en lang række brugertilpassede faconer og flade net specielt udviklet til bækkenbundsreparationer. Smartmesh - et fysiologisk kompatibelt, letvægts net fremmer optimal kollagenvækst for det bedst mulige resultat. Smartmesh teknologi giver langvarig styrke og vaginal elasticitet i naturligt væv. Nettet mærkes ikke af patienten og hendes partner, da det udviser næsten ingen erosion og en lav incidens af dysparauni.. ...
The infection of channel catfish ovarian cells with channel catfish virus results in the redistribution of all cytoskeletal elements during virus-induced syncytium formation. Actin filaments are normally arranged as large stress fibres, even during early stages of infection, but become redistributed as densely staining regions near the centre of the syncytium in latent infection. Microtubules and vimentin filaments (easily visible in early infection) lose all visible organization during syncytium formation. Stabilization of microtubules with taxol results in the production of elongate syncytia with regularly organized microtubules. Conversely, disruption of microtubules with nocodazole inhibits cell fusion and causes a reduction in infectious virus production. This reduction upon treatment with nocodazole, and the subsequent rescue of virus production upon addition of taxol indicates that viral replication relies upon the presence of microtubules.
Looking for Feline herpesvirus? Find out information about Feline herpesvirus. of, relating to, or belonging to the Felidae , a family of predatory mammals, including cats, lions, leopards, and cheetahs, typically having a round head... Explanation of Feline herpesvirus
A strain of bovine malignant catarrhal fever virus (MCF) recovered from the blood of a blue wildebeest was developed by passage in vitro to a stage where it could be propagated serially in primary thyroid cell cultures by inoculation of cell-free fluids. Released virus titres ranged from 103.8 to 105.8 50% tissue culture infectious doses/ml. This virus still caused fatal disease when inoculated to cattle, and was neutralized by antibody that appeared in the sera of cattle recovering from experimental infection. The principal cytopathic effects of the virus were the development of DNA-containing intranuclear inclusions and syncytia; the inclusions became increasingly basophilic as they matured. The cytopathic effects were inhibited in the presence of 5-iodo-2′-deoxyuridine (IUDR), and infectivity of the virus was abolished by treatment with ether or chloroform. Electron microscopy of inoculated cell cultures showed intranuclear, cytoplasmic and extracellular herpes-like virus particles. Suspensions of
Looking for online definition of Lucke test in the Medical Dictionary? Lucke test explanation free. What is Lucke test? Meaning of Lucke test medical term. What does Lucke test mean?
Koi herpesvirus (KHV) caused significant morbidity and mortality in koi and common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Glycoprotein has been used for vaccine development as sub unit vaccine against many viruses. KHV ORF25 is one of koi herpesvirus genes which encode a glycoprotein. The objectives of this research are to clone gene KHV ORF25and express its protein. The common carp showing necrosis and white patches of gill which was collected from Magelang was used in this research. Primers were designed to amplify partial ORF25 based on KHV J strain. KHV ORF25 was successfully amplified and cloned in pET32a. Sequence analysis showed that this KHV ORF25 has 99% homology with the sequences of KHV genotype KHV-J, KHV-I, and KHV-U. This ORF was predicted has 3, 23, and 8 B-cell epitopes based on Emini scale, Karplus and Schulz scale, and ElliPro respectively. The KHV ORF25 recombinant protein has been successfully produced in Escherichia coli as an insoluble protein with approximately 45 kDa in size. The high ...
Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Feline Herpesvirus. Watery eyes, sneezing, a runny nose, seems like symptoms of the common cold; however, in our feline friends it can be indicative of Feline herpesvirus.
The phylogeny of reptilian herpesviruses (HVs) relative to mammalian and avian HVs was investigated by using available gene sequences and by alignment of encoded amino acid sequences and derivation of trees by maximum-likelihood and Bayesian methods. Phylogenetic loci were obtained for green turtle RV (GTHV) primarily on the basis of DNA polymerase (POL) and DNA binding protein sequences, and for lung-eyetrachea disease-associated RV (LETV) primarily from its glycoprotein B sequence; both have nodes on the branch leading to recognized species in the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily and should be regarded as new members of that subfamily. A similar but less well defined locus was obtained for an iguanid HV based on a partial POL sequence. On the basis of short POL sequences (around 60 amino acid residues), it appeared likely that GTHV and LETV belong to a private clade and that three RVs of gerrhosaurs (plated lizards) are associated with the iguanid HV. Based on phylogenetic branching patterns for ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Herpesviridae, Herpesviridae Infection, Herpes Family of Viruses, Herpesvirus, Human Herpes Virus, Alphaherpesvirus, Alphaherpesvirinae, Betaherpesvirinae, Betaherpesvirus, Gammaherpesvirinae.
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Herpesviridae, Herpesviridae Infection, Herpes Family of Viruses, Herpesvirus, Human Herpes Virus, Alphaherpesvirus, Alphaherpesvirinae, Betaherpesvirinae, Betaherpesvirus, Gammaherpesvirinae.
Koi herpesvirus disease (KHV) is a listed disease under The Aquatic Animal Health (England and Wales) Regulations 2009. KHV outbreaks have been subject to statutory controls in the UK since 2007. The UK maintains a surveillance programme for this disease.. When the FHI confirm an outbreak, they take steps to control and, wherever possible, remove the disease. This may involve movement controls on susceptible species in the affected area, enhanced biosecurity, culling of fish, and cleaning and disinfecting of the premises.. Once statutory controls are in place the site operators must write to the FHIto get permission to move live fish into, out of, or within the designated area, and to make material changes to the site or site activities. This also applies to fish eggs and gametes.. ...
Feline herpesvirus is the cause of surface ocular disease in many cats. The virus is unusual in that it is actually capable of causing corneal ulceration, by infecting and killing corneal epithelial cells. Since recrudescence of herpesvirus is triggered by stress, overly aggressive treatment can actually be counterproductive. So, treatment of a corneal ulcer suspected to be caused by feline herpesvirus is a balancing act between adequate medical treatment and decreasing stress in our feline patients.. One cannot say conclusively that any cat has surface ocular disease attributable to herpesvirus infection. The reason is that there is no reliable test for this pathogen. Even the most accurate test, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), has false positives and false negatives. It is reasonable to attribute any ulcer that persists for more than a few days, in the absence of a perceptible underlying cause, to infection with feline herpesvirus.. For any cat I suspect to have ocular disease from feline ...
Human being cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a member of the herpesvirus family and represents a major human pathogen causing severe disease in newborns and immunocompromised patients, e. detected in 80% of the MM patients. While the IgG pattern varied in each patient, the most prominent IgM response was against the tegument protein pp150 and two nonstructural proteins, the processivity factor (pUL44) as well as the single-stranded DNA binding proteins (pUL57). An IgG avidity check exposed that 4 out of 20 MM individuals had a brand new disease and 2 MM individuals had LY310762 a recently available infection. The mix of IgG avidity as well as the IgM design is a useful device for reliable medical diagnostics regarding HCMV as well as for software of early therapy for all those MM individuals suffering from a higher viral load. Intro Human being cytomegalovirus (HCMV), among eight human being herpesviruses, represents a significant human being pathogen causing serious disease in newborns and ...
UK - Movements of fish in and out of Weller Pool, Lynsters Lakes, Coppermill Lane, Maple Cross, Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire have been restricted, following the confirmation of Koi Herpesvirus (KHV) Disease. Movements of fish in and out of the adjacent waters in the Colne River Valley, Hertfordshire and Greater London Area have also been restricted.. ...
List of causes of Acute herpes-like penile ulcers and Musculoskeletal symptoms and Severe psoriasis-like foot rash and Vaginal symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
List of 28 causes for Chronic episodic herpes-like symptoms and Itchy scalp and Scabs, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Herpesviruses 6, 7, and 8 are the most recently described members of the human herpesvirus family. Like other herpesviruses, they have the ability to establish a latent or persistent infection following primary infection, and reactivation may occur in healthy and immunocompromised people in response to different stimuli. A variety of methods are available or under development for the laboratory diagnosis of each virus, including viral isolation in cell culture, demonstration of viral antigens or nucleic acids in body fluids or tissues, and serology for detection of virus-specific antibodies. This chapter focuses on the immunologic and molecular diagnosis and monitoring of infections with human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), HHV-7, and HHV-8, and provides information on the unique features of the epidemiology and biological and clinical characteristics of these viruses.
A method for preventing lesions caused by a virus of the Herpesviridae or Poxviridae family, comprising topically applying a composition consisting essentially of a C1 to C3 monohydroxy alcohol or a C
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fusing structure and function. T2 - A structural view of the herpesvirus entry machinery. AU - Connolly, Sarah A.. AU - Jackson, Julia O.. AU - Jardetzky, Theodore S.. AU - Longnecker, Richard. PY - 2011/5/1. Y1 - 2011/5/1. N2 - Herpesviruses are double-stranded DNA, enveloped viruses that infect host cells through fusion with either the host cell plasma membrane or endocytic vesicle membranes. Efficient infection of host cells by herpesviruses is remarkably more complex than infection by other viruses, as it requires the concerted effort of multiple glycoproteins and involves multiple host receptors. The structures of the major viral glycoproteins and a number of host receptors involved in the entry of the prototypical herpesviruses, the herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), are now known. These structural studies have accelerated our understanding of HSV and EBV binding and fusion by revealing the conformational changes that occur on virus-receptor ...
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a fatal demyelinating disease caused by JC virus (JCV), occurs mainly in immunocompromised patients. While JCV DNA is detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from a certain proportion of patients suspected of having PML, JCV-negative patients may also develop brain lesions due to other infectious agents. This study assessed the prevalence of six herpesviruses in the CSF from patients diagnosed with or suspected of PML. Two hundred and ninety-nine CSF specimens and clinical data were collected from 255 patients, including 31 confirmed PML cases. Quantitative PCR assays were carried out to detect the genomic DNA of JCV, herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). Herpesvirus DNAs were detected in the CSF specimens from 29 of 255 patients (11.4%). HSV-1 and CMV were detected in JCV-negative patients, whereas VZV and EBV were detected in both CSF JCV-positive
Main description: This comprehensive account of the human herpesviruses provides an encyclopedic overview of their basic virology and clinical manifestations. This group of viruses includes human simplex type 1 and 2, Epstein-Barr virus, Kaposis Sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, cytomegalovirus, HHV6A, 6B and 7, and varicella-zoster virus. The viral diseases and cancers they cause are significant and often recurrent. Their prevalence in the developed world accounts for a major burden of disease, and as a result there is a great deal of research into the pathophysiology of infection and immunobiology. Another important area covered within this volume concerns antiviral therapy and the development of vaccines. All these aspects are covered in depth, both scientifically and in terms of clinical guidelines for patient care. The text is illustrated generously throughout and is fully referenced to the latest research and developments.. ...
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a member of the Herpesviridae family, along with herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2, Epstein-Barr virus, and varicella-zoster virus. It is a double-stranded DNA virus with a protein coat and lipoprotein envelope.
The Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a member of the Herpesviridae family, of which two types are known: type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) which present slight antigenic differences. HSV-1 causes chiefly oral-facial lesions, while HSV-2 is mainly responsible for genital lesions, but this distinction is not binding, both types occasionally causing infection in either anatomical site. HSV may also cause a form of ocular cheratitis, and lesions of the central nervous system. HSV can affect practically the whole population. The primary infection is often in a subclinical form and is rarely diagnosed. After a latency period of variable duration, reactivation may occur and viral replication may or may not give rise to clinical lesions. Infection contracted during birth is of particular interest, this being an important cause of morbidity and mortality. It is therefore important to determine the immunitary state of women during pregnancy in order to detect serum conversion. The assay of specific IgG is ...
Novice koi hobbyists usually buy their first few koi based solely on the colour and pattern that they like. These are important factors and immediately attract the attention while choosing a koi. However, body conformation should be a koi hobbyists first consideration in choosing a koi. Body conformation is really the basic starting point in finding a healthy, balanced and powerful but elegant koi. It is extremely difficult to describe the correct body shape in words. Koi keepers are therefore encouraged to study as many photos and attend as many pond safaris and koi shows as possible. When viewing koi at these venues, ask yourself whether the fish exudes power, elegance as well as balance, the most beautifully marked koi with a kinked back will be worthless and the irritation factor of such a fish in a pond will prompt many koi keepers to get rid of it. When selecting a koi, remember that deformities, regardless of how minor they are, will become more pronounced as the koi grows ...
Dendritic cells (DC) are a heterogeneous family of innate immune cells with crucial functions in host defense against invading pathogens, including viruses. Immature myeloid DC such as Langerhans cells (LC) and dermal DC are strategically located in the skin and mucosae, where they are among the first cell types to encounter viruses during entry. Contact with pathogens is followed by their maturation and migration to the secondary lymphoid organs, where they stimulate naïve T and B cells to proliferate and differentiate into CD8+ or CD4+ T lymphocytes, and into antibody-producing plasma cells. Plasmacytoid DC, by contrast, are mostly found in blood, where they exert potent anti-viral functions by producing vast amounts of interferon-α and -β. Both types of DC play pivotal roles in herpesvirus infections. Horizontal transmission of all herpesviruses occurs primarily by contact with host mucosae, where virions are bound to encounter resident myeloid DC. While this interaction
We summarized the most recent findings on the role of autophagy in antiviral immune response. We described how viruses have developed strategies to subvert the autophagic process. A particular attention has been given to Epstein-Barr and Kaposi’s sarcoma associated Herpesvirus, viruses studied for many years in our laboratory. These two viruses belong to |i|γ|/i|-Herpesvirus subfamily and are associated with several human cancers. Besides the effects on the immune response, we have described how autophagy subversion by viruses may also concur to the enhancement of their replication and to viral tumorigenesis.
Definition : Serology reagents intended to detect antigens to Herpes simplex virus serotype 2 (HSV2), a DNA virus of the family Herpesviridae. HSV2 is mainly sexually transmitted; it is an etiologic agent of a variety of conditions including genital infections. Activation of latent herpesvirus is associated with some malignancies. Persistence of the virus for the lifetime of the host is common.. Entry Terms : Reagents, Serology, Virus, Herpes Simplex 2, Antigen. UMDC code : 22395 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Herpesviruses remodel host membranes for virus egress. AU - Johnson, David C.. AU - Baines, Joel D.. PY - 2011/5/1. Y1 - 2011/5/1. N2 - Herpesviruses replicate their DNA and package this DNA into capsids in the nucleus. These capsids then face substantial obstacles to their release from cells. Unlike other DNA viruses, herpesviruses do not depend on disruption of nuclear and cytoplasmic membranes for their release. Enveloped particles are formed by budding through inner nuclear membranes, and then these perinuclear enveloped particles fuse with outer nuclear membranes. Unenveloped capsids in the cytoplasm are decorated with tegument proteins and then undergo secondary envelopment by budding into trans-Golgi network membranes, producing infectious particles that are released. In this Review, we describe the remodelling of host membranes that facilitates herpesvirus egress.. AB - Herpesviruses replicate their DNA and package this DNA into capsids in the nucleus. These capsids then ...
Heating KHV The Israelis want to make fish immune to KHV. It takes about 21-30 degree days to do that. No Koi can live that long with KHV. So they gave them KHV and let them break - then heated them into the low eighties, killing the virus. The re-infected the Koi and did the same thing again. Then they re-infected the Koi a third time and created immune Koi because they had seen the virus long enough to become immune, without dying. So youd say: How do you know they killed the virus? Its simple but no one gets it.....IF THE VIRUS LIVED THROUGH HEAT THEY WOULD NOT HAVE TO RE INFECT THE KOI. The virus would just reactivate when cooled!! But what if the Koi had already become immune and the virus DID reactivate? THEN THE KOI WOULD NOT BREAK WITH THE VIRUS SYMPTOMS AGAIN....(obviating the need for three infections). Stupid. What is so hard to understand? How hard would this be to actually test? When confronted by KHV, you can expect high mortalities. In other words, a realistic expectation ...
Association of cognitive function and liability to addiction with childhood herpesvirus infections: A prospective cohort study - Volume 30 Issue 1 - Michael M. Vanyukov, Vishwajit L. Nimgaonkar, Levent Kirisci, Galina P. Kirillova, Maureen D. Reynolds, Konasale Prasad, Ralph E. Tarter, Robert H. Yolken
A study finds that atopic patients may present with atypical herpesvirus infections that may be misdiagnosed as drug allergy or autoimmune disease.
HHV-1 = HSV-1 (herpes simplex virus 1): causes oral and/or genital herpes (predominantly orofacial); B virus (Cercopithecine herpesvirus-1, herpesvirus simiae) is a simplexvirus endemic in macaque monkeys. Human zoonotic infection with this virus results in severe pathogenesis and often death in untreated individuals ...
Cullinane, A.A., Rixon, F.J. and Davison, A.J. (1988) Characterization of the genome of equine herpesvirus 1 subtype 2. Journal of General Virology, 69(7), pp. 1575-1590. (doi:10.1099/0022-1317-69-7-1575) ...
October 2nd 1999. WHAT IS A VIRUS AND HOW IS IT STRUCTURED?. Viruses are the smallest of the parasites living within cells (intracellular). Viruses do not replicate by dividing their component parts and then splitting into two (binary fission) as bacteria do. They have no energy generating system and do not possess many of the enzymes necessary for making nucleic acid. Furthermore, they do not have the means to translate genetic information into protein. Viruses can therefore only replicate by using the material and machinery provided by their host cell.. The simplest viruses consist of just nucleic acid and protein. The larger viruses have a more complex structure and consist of carbohydrate and lipid material as well.. A virus only ever has one type of nucleic acid; either RNA or DNA, but never both. It is here that the genetic information of the virus is contained.. The nucleic acid, or genome of a virus is large enough to code for between 5 to 100 proteins. These are structural proteins and ...
The feline herpesvirus (FHV) is responsible for nasty respiratory infections in cats, and the disease can become chronic just like its human-specific counterpart. You arent at any risk of ...
Researchers identified a set of protein complexes that are recruited to viral genes and stimulate both initial infection and reactivation of herpes virus
Koi food comes in a variety of different styles, some being flakes and some being koi pellets. Many koi and aquarium enthusiasts prefer koi pellets when caring for and feeding their carp fish because using pellets is an easy way to gauge exactly how much you have...
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EN] In a study of 1846 single samples from randomly selected individuals using several methods (CFT, NT, ELISA, IFA) we found a wide spread of antibodies for 5 human herpesviruses in the Varna and Dobrich regions (HSV1 ...
Maschke, Angelika, Lucke, A., Vogelhuber, W., Fischbach, Claudia, Appel, Bernhard, Blunk, Torsten and Göpferich, Achim (2004) Lipids: An alternative material for protein and peptide release. In: Svenson, Sönke, (ed.) ACS Symposium Series 879. , pp. 176-196. Fulltext not available ...
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Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-10. ... Anatid herpesvirus 1 is under the Herpesvirales order, the Herpesviridae family, the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily. The genus ... of the family Herpesviridae that causes acute disease with high mortality rates in flocks of ducks, geese and swans. It is ...
Herpesviridae. Alpha. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. HSV. *Herpes simplex ...
KSHV is a herpesvirus, and is a large double-stranded DNA virus with a protein covering that packages its nucleic acids, called the capsid, which is then surrounded by an amorphous protein layer called the tegument, and finally enclosed in a lipid envelope derived in part from the cell membrane. KSHV has a genome which is approximately 165,000 nucleic acid bases in length. KSHV is a rhadinovirus, and is remarkable since it has stolen numerous genes from host cells including genes that encode for complement-binding protein, IL-6, BCL-2, cyclin-D, a G protein-coupled receptor, interferon regulatory factor and Flice inhibitory protein (FLIP), as well as DNA synthesis proteins including dihydrofolate reductase, thymidine kinase, thymidylate synthetase, DNA polymerase and many others. While no other human tumor virus possesses these same genes, other tumor viruses target the same cellular pathways illustrating that at a basic level, all tumor viruses appear to attack the same cellular control ...
"Herpesviridae. 1 (1): 6. doi:10.1186/2042-4280-1-6. ISSN 2042-4280. PMC 3063228. PMID 21429237.. ...
... (CHV) is a virus of the family Herpesviridae which most importantly causes a fatal hemorrhagic disease in ... "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-08 ...
Herpesviridae. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. IgHV-2. α. ChHV-6. ...
The Semliki Forest virus was first isolated from mosquitoes in the Semliki Forest, Uganda by the Uganda Virus Research Institute in 1942 and described by Smithburn and Haddow.[2] It is known to cause disease in animals including humans. It is an alphavirus found in central, eastern, and southern Africa. The Semliki Forest virus is a positive-stranded RNA virus with a genome of approximately 13,000 base pairs which encodes nine proteins.[3] The 5' two thirds of the genome encode four non-structural proteins concerned with RNA synthesis and the structural proteins are encoded in the 3' third. Of the structural proteins, the C proteins makes up the icosahedral capsid which is enveloped by a lipid bilayer, derived from the host cell. The outermost surface of the virus is almost entirely covered by heterodimers of glycoproteins E1 and E2, arranged in interconnective trimers, which form an outer shell. Trimers are anchored in the membrane by an E2 cytoplasmic domain that associates with the ...
... is a subfamily of viruses in the order Herpesvirales and in the family Herpesviridae. Viruses in ... The family Herpesviridae, which contains eight viruses that infect humans, is the most extensively studied group within this ... Gammaherpesvirinae are distinguished by reproducing at a more variable rate than other subfamilies of Herpesviridae. Mammals ...
m Herpesviridae‎; 09:58 . . (+13)‎ . . ‎. Tom.Reding. (talk , contribs)‎ (Add from=Q149348 to {{Taxonbar}}; WP:GenFixes on, ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Herpesviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 9 January 2019. Felid ... of the family Herpesviridae. It is also commonly referred to as feline influenza, feline coryza, and feline pneumonia but, as ... "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-08. Ettinger, Stephen J.; Feldman, Edward C. (1995 ...
"Herpesviridae". ViralZone. Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. Retrieved 19 May 2020. Andrade-Martínez JS, Moreno-Gallego JL, ...
Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-08. ... Equid alphaherpesvirus 3, formerly Equine herpesvirus 3 (EHV-3), is a virus of the family Herpesviridae that affects horses. It ...
ISBN 978-0-12-253056-2. Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology ... Equid alphaherpesvirus 1, formerly Equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1), is a virus of the family Herpesviridae that causes abortion, ...
Herpesviridae. 3 (1): 5. doi:10.1186/2042-4280-3-5. PMC 3541251. PMID 22691604. "Epstein-barr , Mononucleosis , About Virus , ...
Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-04. ...
"Herpesviridae". ViralZone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. Retrieved 2015-10-10. "Babies Born with CMV (Congenital CMV ... Herpesviridae and Poxviridae). All of the non-enveloped families have icosahedral capsids. Partly double-stranded DNA viruses: ...
Within Herpesviridae, HCMV belongs to the Betaherpesvirinae subfamily, which also includes cytomegaloviruses from other mammals ... Davison, Andrew (27 January 2016). "Rename species in the family Herpesviridae to incorporate a subfamily designation" (PDF). ... S. Varani & M. P. Landini (2011). "Cytomegalovirus-induced immunopathology and its clinical consequences". Herpesviridae. 2 (6 ... which in turn is a member of the viral family known as Herpesviridae or herpesviruses. It is also commonly called CMV. ...
ISBN 0-12-253056-X. Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. ... Gallid alphaherpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1) is a species of virus in the order Herpesvirales, family Herpesviridae, subfamily ...
Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-08. ... Canid alphaherpesvirus 1 (CaHV-1), formerly Canine herpesvirus (CHV), is a virus of the family Herpesviridae which most ...
Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-10 ...
Familie Herpesviridae. *Unterfamilie Alphaherpesvirinae. *Genus Iltovirus. *Genus Mardivirus. *Genus Scutavirus. *Genus ...
However, as Suid betaherpesvirus 2 is a member of Herpesviridae it remains latent and sheds at times of stress. Therefore, ... "ICTV 9th Report (2011) Herpesviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 21 December 2018. Suid ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Herpesviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 2019-11-30.. ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Herpesviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 9 January 2019. Human ...
Virus varicella-zoster adalah virus penyebab cacar air dan cacar ular (herper zoster).[1] Inang dari virus ini hanya terbatas pada manusia dan primata (simian). Stuktur partikel virus (virion) varicella-zoster berukuran 120-300 nm.[2] Genom virus ini berukuran 125 kb (kilo-basa) dan mengandung sedikitnya 69 daerah yang mengkodekan gen-gen tertentu.[1] Virion terdiri dari glikoprotein, kapsid, amplop (selubung) virus, dan nukleokapsid yang melindungi bagian inti berisi DNA genom utas ganda.[1] Bagian nukleokapsid berbentuk ikosahedral, berdiameter 100-110 nm, dan terdiri dari 162 protein yang disebut kapsomer.[2] Virus ini akan mengalami inaktivasi pada suhu 56-60 °C dan menjadi tidak berbahaya apabila bagian amplop (selubung) dari virus ini rusak.[1] Penyebaran virus ini dapat terjadi melalui pernapasan.[1]. ...
It should not be confused with conditions caused by other viruses in the herpesviridae family such as herpes zoster, which is ...
It is the smallest of all herpesviridae. For almost three decades it was unclear how the Varicella zoster virus retained its ...
Herpesviridae (skoldkopper, Epstein-Barr virus og mononukleose). *Mimiviridae Langkodede vira med tykke skaller, måske en ...
Herpesviridae is a large family of DNA viruses that cause infections and certain diseases in animals, including humans. The ... All members of the Herpesviridae share a common structure; a relatively large, monopartite, double-stranded, linear DNA genome ... The three mammalian subfamilies - Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-herpesviridae - arose approximately 180 to 220 mya. The major ... ICTV International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (official site) Viralzone: Herpesviridae Animal viruses Article on ...
... , Herpesviridae Infection, Herpes Family of Viruses, Herpesvirus, Human Herpes Virus, Alphaherpesvirus, ... Herpesviridae. Spanish. Herpesviridae, familia: grupo del virus del herpes, Herpesviridae (organismo), familia Herpesviridae ( ... Herpesviridae Infections, Herpesviridae Infection, Infection, Herpesviridae, Herpesvirus Infection, HERPESVIRIDAE INFECT, ... Herpesviridae. Aka: Herpesviridae, Herpesviridae Infection, Herpes Family of Viruses, Herpesvirus, Human Herpes Virus, ...
... , Herpesviridae Infection, Herpes Family of Viruses, Herpesvirus, Human Herpes Virus, Alphaherpesvirus, ... Herpesviridae. search Herpesviridae, Herpesviridae Infection, Herpes Family of Viruses, Herpesvirus, Human Herpes Virus, ...
Herpesviridae is a family of DNA-containing viruses that infect a wide range of vertebrates; in humans, members of this family ... Herpesviridae (thing). See all of Herpesviridae, no other writeups in this node. ... Herpesviridae is a family of DNA-containing viruses that infect a wide range of vertebrates; in humans, members of this family ...
... Virus classification Group: Group I (dsDNA) Family: Herpesviridae Genera Subfamily ... The Herpesviridae are a large family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and animals.[1] [2] [3] The family name is ... Human herpesviridae. There are eight distinct viruses in this family known to cause disease in humans.[4] ... Animal herpesviridae. In animal virology the most important herpesviruses belong to the Alphaherpesvirinae. Research on ...
Los Alamos National Laboratory Bioscience Division - Herpesvirus Family: Herpesviridae] Weir, Jerry P. " Genomic Organization ... Members of the herpesviridae family include oral and genital herpes, chickenpox, Kaposis sarcoma herpesvirus (most often seen ... Herpesviridae ===Genera=== *Alphaherpesvirinae (subfamily) **Mardivirus **Simplexvirus **Varicellovirus ** ...
Bacterial, viral, and parasitic pathogens add significant morbidity and even mortality to pregnancy-with adverse effects extending to both the gravida and the newborn. Three herpesviruses deserve considerable attention given the effects of perinatal infection on obstetric outcomes, specifically mate...
A method for preventing lesions caused by a virus of the Herpesviridae or Poxviridae family, comprising topically applying a ... Methods for preventing lesions caused by viruses of the herpesviridae or poxviridae family ... A method for preventing lesions caused by a virus of the Herpesviridae or Poxviridae family, comprising topically applying a ... A method for preventing lesions caused by a virus of the Herpesviridae or Poxviridae family, said method comprising topically ...
McGeoch, Duncan J. and Gatherer, Derek (2005) Integrating reptilian herpesviruses into the family Herpesviridae. Journal of ...
A Deubiquitinating Activity Is Conserved in the Large Tegument Protein of the Herpesviridae. Christian Schlieker, Gregory A. ... A Deubiquitinating Activity Is Conserved in the Large Tegument Protein of the Herpesviridae ... A Deubiquitinating Activity Is Conserved in the Large Tegument Protein of the Herpesviridae ... A Deubiquitinating Activity Is Conserved in the Large Tegument Protein of the Herpesviridae ...
Unadjusted and adjusted for: age at inclusion, ethnicity, plasma HIV RNA, CD4 cell count, herpes viridae DNA, HPV and bacterial ... Unadjusted and adjusted for: age at inclusion, ethnicity, plasma HIV RNA, CD4 cell count, herpes viridae, human papilloma virus ... PCR - herpes viridae. Diagnostics on vaginal swabs was conducted using the Entherpex PCR microarray system in concordance with ... Wessman, M., Thorsteinsson, K., Jensen, J.S. et al. Bacterial vaginosis, human papilloma virus and herpes viridae do not ...
Conserved Central Intraviral Protein Interactome of the Herpesviridae Family. Anna Hernández Durán, Kay Grünewald, Maya Topf ... Conserved Central Intraviral Protein Interactome of the Herpesviridae Family Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page ... while collectively the Herpesviridae family has evolved to infect a large variety of eukaryotic hosts. The development of ...
"Herpesviridae" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Herpesviridae" by people in this website by year, and whether ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Herpesviridae" by people in Profiles. ...
Herpesviridae is an open access journal created by scientists in the field, publishing high quality articles that contribute to ...
Name: Herpesviridae; HHV.. Name: from the Greek herpein, to creep.. Information: large double-stranded, linear DNA genomes, ... Human herpesviridae. HHV-1 = HSV-1 (herpes simplex virus 1): causes oral and/or genital herpes (predominantly orofacial); B ...
Herpesviridae is an open access journal created by scientists in the field, publishing high quality articles that contribute to ... Welcome to Herpesviridae - a new premier virology journal Authors: Mensur Dzabic, Robert Hendricks, Christian Münz and Cecilia ...
Herpesviridae. In: Concise Review of Veterinary Virology Author(s):. Carter G.R. and ...
Herpesviridae infections H96 Predesigned 96-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ... Herpesviridae infections H384 Predesigned 384-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ... Herpesviridae infections M96 Predesigned 96-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ... Herpesviridae infections M384 Predesigned 384-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ...
HerpesviridaeA Look Into This Unique Family of VirusesEdited by George Dimitri Magel ... Herpesviridae George D. Magel and Stephen Tyring, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/31856. Available from:. Tamara Ursini, Monica ... Herpesviridae George D. Magel and Stephen Tyring, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/31856. Available from: ... iframe src=http://www.intechopen.com/embed/herpesviridae-a-look-into-this-unique-family-of-viruses/zoster-associated-pain-and- ...
Herpesviridae Jozsef Ongradi, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/63157. Available from:. Gurpreet Kaur and Mudit Chandra (September 7th ... iframe src=http://www.intechopen.com/embed/herpesviridae/herpesvirus-in-bovines-importance-of-bovine-herpesvirus-type-1 /,. ... iframe src=http://www.intechopen.com/embed/herpesviridae/herpesvirus-in-bovines-importance-of-bovine-herpesvirus-type-1 /, ... 2016). Herpesvirus in Bovines: Importance of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1, Herpesviridae Jozsef Ongradi, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/ ...
Herpesviridae. (redirected from Alphaherpesvirus). Also found in: Encyclopedia. Her·pes·vir·i·dae. (herpēs-viri-dē), A ... Herpesviridae. (hər″pēzvi´rô ide), n one of the major virus families, to which the herpes simplex, varicella zoster, and ... Herpesviridae. a family of viruses, the members of which are about 150 nm in diameter, enveloped, with a nucleocapsid of about ...
Herpesviridae Classification and Characteristics. Admittance into the Herpesviridae family of the taxonomic order Herpesvirales ... The Herpesviridae family contains three subfamilies: Alphaherpesvirinae, Betaherpesvirinae, and Gammaherpesvirinae. Members of ... 1. Pellett PE, Roizman B. Herpesviridae. In: Knipe DM, Howley PM, editors. Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...
Research Article: Human Herpesviridae Methods of Natural Killer Cell Evasion. Date Published: July 8, 2012 ...
Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposis sarcoma, herpesvirus/human herpesvirus. by IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans : Epstein-Barr Virus and Kaposis Sarcoma, Herpesvirus/Human Herpesvirus 8 Lyon, France) (1997: , International Agency for Research on Cancer Material type: ...
Home » Dermatology » HERPESVIRIDAE - A LOOK INTO THIS UNIQUE FAMILY OF VIRUSES HERPESVIRIDAE - A LOOK INTO THIS UNIQUE FAMILY ... Chapter 13 Antiviral Activity of Lactoferrin and Ovotransferrin Derived Peptides Towards Herpesviridae 295. Francesco Giansanti ... Herpesviridae - A Look Into This Unique Family of Viruses is a collaboration of ... dissect Herpesviridae into its biological properties and clinical significance in order to ...
Herpesviridae Infection: Prevention, Screening, and Management. SUBRAMANIAM, AKILA; BRITT, WILLIAM J. SUBRAMANIAM, AKILA; BRITT ...
Carter, G.R.; Flores, E.F.; Wise, D.J. (2006). "Herpesviridae". A Concise Review of Veterinary Virology. Retrieved 2006-06-10. ... Anatid herpesvirus 1 is under the Herpesvirales order, the Herpesviridae family, the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily. The genus ... of the family Herpesviridae that causes acute disease with high mortality rates in flocks of ducks, geese and swans. It is ...
Herpesviridae. Alpha. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. HSV. *Herpes simplex ...
b. They are members of the family Herpesviridae. c. Except for neonates, infections are more severe in adults than in children ... Herpesviridae. Herpes simplex viruses types 1 and 2, varicellazoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, human ...
Herpesviridae. (redirected from Human Herpes Viruses). Also found in: Medical. Herpesviridae. [‚hər·pēz′vir·ə‚dī] (virology) A ... a href=https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Human+Herpes+Viruses,Herpesviridae,/a,. *Facebook ...
  • Anatid herpesvirus 1 is under the Herpesvirales order, the Herpesviridae family, the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gallid alphaherpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1) is a species of virus in the order Herpesvirales , family Herpesviridae , subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae , and genus Iltovirus . (wikipedia.org)
  • Herpes viruses are double stranded DNA viruses assigned to Group I . The Herpesviridae Study Group has proposed that herpes viruses be assigned to a newly defined order, Herpesvirales. (wikidoc.org)
  • Acciptrid herpesvirus 1 (AcHV-1) is an unaccepted species of virus suggested to belong to the order Herpesvirales and family Herpesviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Herpesviridae is a large family of DNA viruses that cause infections and certain diseases in animals, including humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Index of Viruses - Herpesviridae (2009). (wikimedia.org)
  • Other related viruses which may be members of the family Herpesviridae but have not been approved as species Acciptrid herpesvirus 1 (AcHV-1) (Bald eagle herpesvirus) CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Docherty DE et al (1983) Avian Dis 27, 1162 Mahy, Brian W J (2001). (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] CMV belongs to the Betaherpesvirinae subfamily of Herpesviridae , which also includes Roseolovirus . (bionity.com)
  • Herpesviridae can cause latent or lytic infections. (bionity.com)
  • Throughout their long evolutionary history, individual herpesvirus species have developed remarkable host specificity, while collectively the Herpesviridae family has evolved to infect a large variety of eukaryotic hosts. (asm.org)
  • Herpesvirus in Bovines: Importance of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1, Herpesviridae Jozsef Ongradi, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/63157. (intechopen.com)
  • Duck plague (also known as duck viral enteritis) is a worldwide disease caused by duck herpesvirus 1 (anatid herpesvirus 1) of the family Herpesviridae that causes acute disease with high mortality rates in flocks of ducks, geese and swans. (wikipedia.org)
  • A method for preventing lesions caused by a virus of the Herpesviridae or Poxviridae family, comprising topically applying a composition consisting essentially of a C1 to C3 monohydroxy alcohol or a C2 to C4 diol and a sufficient amount of an acid to adjust the pH of the composition to below 4.6. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a very common virus of the Herpesviridae family. (cdc.gov)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) is an upper respiratory or pulmonary infection of cats caused by Felid alphaherpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1), of the family Herpesviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • SARS-CoV-2 infection as a risk factor for herpesviridae reactivation: consider the potential influence of corticosteroid therapy. (bvsalud.org)
  • Virus diseases caused by the HERPESVIRIDAE. (fpnotebook.com)
  • It was the first fish diseases laboratory in Europe accredited for quality standards ISO 9001 and 17025 (EN 45001). (wur.nl)
  • Herpesviridae" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (sickkids.ca)
  • They also propose that the currently unassigned family Herpesviridae be reassigned to the new herpes order. (wikidoc.org)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Herpesviridae" by people in this website by year, and whether "Herpesviridae" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (sickkids.ca)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Herpesviridae" by people in Profiles. (sickkids.ca)
  • Both viruses belong to the Herpesviridae family. (unicamp.br)
  • Herpes simplex 1 and 2 are members of the herpes virus family, Herpesviridae, that infect humans. (diff.org)
  • Human betaherpesvirus 7 HHV-7 is one of nine known members of the Herpesviridae family that infects humans. (bpwnjfoundation.org)
  • Equine Herpesvirus is a DNA virus under the family Herpesviridae. (thevetexpert.com)
  • Herpesviridae family is one of the significant viral families which comprises major pathogens of a wide range of hosts. (bpwnjfoundation.org)
  • The Coronaviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Parvoviridae and Herpesviridae families were observed and photographed in specimens. (scielo.org)