Presence of blood in the urine.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
Radiography of any part of the urinary tract.
Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.
Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.
A chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly IMMUNOGLOBULIN A in the mesangial area (GLOMERULAR MESANGIUM). Deposits of COMPLEMENT C3 and IMMUNOGLOBULIN G are also often found. Clinical features may progress from asymptomatic HEMATURIA to END-STAGE KIDNEY DISEASE.
Short thick veins which return blood from the kidneys to the vena cava.
Pain emanating from below the RIBS and above the ILIUM.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
A human disease caused by the infection of parasitic worms SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM. It is endemic in AFRICA and parts of the MIDDLE EAST. Tissue damages most often occur in the URINARY TRACT, specifically the URINARY BLADDER.
Narrow pieces of material impregnated or covered with a substance used to produce a chemical reaction. The strips are used in detecting, measuring, producing, etc., other substances. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The presence of proteins in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.
Inflammation of the URINARY BLADDER, either from bacterial or non-bacterial causes. Cystitis is usually associated with painful urination (dysuria), increased frequency, urgency, and suprapubic pain.
The presence of free HEMOGLOBIN in the URINE, indicating hemolysis of ERYTHROCYTES within the vascular system. After saturating the hemoglobin-binding proteins (HAPTOGLOBINS), free hemoglobin begins to appear in the urine.
A group of inherited conditions characterized initially by HEMATURIA and slowly progressing to RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. The most common form is the Alport syndrome (hereditary nephritis with HEARING LOSS) which is caused by mutations in genes for TYPE IV COLLAGEN and defective GLOMERULAR BASEMENT MEMBRANE.
Inflammation of the renal glomeruli (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS) that can be classified by the type of glomerular injuries including antibody deposition, complement activation, cellular proliferation, and glomerulosclerosis. These structural and functional abnormalities usually lead to HEMATURIA; PROTEINURIA; HYPERTENSION; and RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
The presence of white blood cells (LEUKOCYTES) in the urine. It is often associated with bacterial infections of the urinary tract. Pyuria without BACTERIURIA can be caused by TUBERCULOSIS, stones, or cancer.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY TRACT in either the male or the female.
A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.
Formation of stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT, usually in the KIDNEY; URINARY BLADDER; or the URETER.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.
Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.
Left RENAL VEIN compression between the AORTA, ABDOMINAL and the SUPERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY. Variable symptoms include HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR; HEMATURIA; and VARICOSE VEINS.
A systemic non-thrombocytopenic purpura caused by HYPERSENSITIVITY VASCULITIS and deposition of IGA-containing IMMUNE COMPLEXES within the blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidney (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS). Clinical symptoms include URTICARIA; ERYTHEMA; ARTHRITIS; GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE; and renal involvement. Most cases are seen in children after acute upper respiratory infections.
Blood in the SEMEN, usually due to INFLAMMATION of the PROSTATE, the SEMINAL VESICLES, or both.
A cluster of convoluted capillaries beginning at each nephric tubule in the kidney and held together by connective tissue.
Pathological processes involving the URETERS.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
A malignant neoplasm derived from TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIAL CELLS, occurring chiefly in the URINARY BLADDER; URETERS; or RENAL PELVIS.
The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.
An island republic in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Nicosia. It was colonized by the Phoenicians and ancient Greeks and ruled successively by the Assyrian, Persian, Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine Empires. It was under various countries from the 12th to the 20th century but became independent in 1960. The name comes from the Greek Kupros, probably representing the Sumerian kabar or gabar, copper, famous in historic times for its copper mines. The cypress tree is also named after the island. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p308 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p134)
The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
An abnormal passage in any part of the URINARY TRACT between itself or with other organs.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A genus of mushrooms in the family Tricholomataceae, whose species are characterized by a slimy cap (FRUITING BODIES, FUNGAL).
Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.

The leukotriene B4 receptor antagonist ONO-4057 inhibits nephrotoxic serum nephritis in WKY rats. (1/606)

To evaluate the role of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in glomerulonephritis, this study was conducted to examine whether ONO-4057, an LTB4 receptor antagonist, moderated nephritis caused by the injection of nephrotoxic serum (NTS) into Wistar-Kyoto rats. Rats were given intraperitoneal injections of ONO-4057 or phosphate-buffered saline 24 h before the injection of NTS. These rats subsequently received equal doses of ONO-4057 or phosphate-buffered saline 3 h and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 d later. Compared with the control groups, ONO-4057 treatment significantly reduced proteinuria and hematuria, suppressed the glomerular accumulation of monocytes/macrophages, and reduced the formation of crescentic glomeruli in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that LTB4 is responsible for the crescentic formations and renal dysfunction associated with NTS nephritis. The LTB4 receptor antagonist ONO-4057 may thus be beneficial in the treatment of crescentic glomerulonephritis.  (+info)

Acute renal impairment after immersion and near-drowning. (2/606)

Acute renal impairment (ARI) secondary to immersion and near-drowning is rarely described and poorly understood. A retrospective case-control study was performed: (1) to determine the incidence of ARI associated with near-drowning or immersion and (2) to define the clinical syndrome and to assess clinical predictors of ARI. Of 30 patients presenting after immersion or near-drowning, 50% were identified with ARI, with a mean admission serum creatinine of 0.24 +/- 0.33 mmol/L (2.7 +/- 3.7 mg/dl). These patients were a heterogeneous group: Eight had mild reversible ARI, three had ARI related to shock and multisystem failure, two had rhabdomyolysis-related ARI, and two had severe isolated ARI. Two patients required supportive hemodialysis and two died. Patients with ARI experienced more marked acidosis than control patients, as measured by serum bicarbonate (P < 0.001), pH (P < 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). There was also a higher admission lymphocyte count in the ARI group (P = 0.056). Dipstick hematuria on admission was significantly more common in patients with ARI (P = 0.016), and patients with 2 to 3+ of admission dipstick proteinuria had a higher peak serum creatinine than patients with less proteinuria (P < 0.05). Admission predictors of ARI by univariate logistic regression analysis included reduced serum bicarbonate (P = 0.002), pH (P = 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). The best predictor of ARI on multivariate analysis was a negative base excess (P = 0.01). In summary, acute renal impairment commonly occurs after immersion and near-drowning and is a heterogeneous condition. Although mild reversible renal impairment (serum creatinine < 0.30 mmol/L) (3.4 mg/dl) is usual, severe acute renal failure requiring dialysis can occur. It is recommended that any patient who presents after near-drowning or immersion should be assessed for potential ARI by serial estimations of serum creatinine, particularly when there is an increase in the initial serum creatinine, marked metabolic acidosis, an abnormal urinalysis, or a significant lymphocytosis.  (+info)

Haemorrhagic cystitis: incidence and risk factors in a transplant population using hyperhydration. (3/606)

Haemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is the syndrome of haematuria and symptoms of lower urinary tract irritability in the absence of bacterial infection. We report a low incidence of HC (18.2%) in 681 haemopoietic stem cell transplant patients, using a prophylactic regimen of hyperhydration and forced diuresis. The incidence of grade 3-4 disease is 3.4%. There was a marked difference in incidence between allogeneic and autologous transplant populations, 24.2% vs. 3.5% (P<0.0005). Busulphan conditioning, acute GVHD, interstitial pneumonitis and use of methotrexate and cyclosporin immune suppression were associated with significantly increased incidence of HC in the allogeneic population. This may reflect the numerous factors that contribute to the greater immunosuppression and consequent increased risk for HC in allogeneic transplantation.  (+info)

Hematuria: an unusual presentation for mucocele of the appendix. Case report and review of the literature. (4/606)

Mucocele of the appendix is a nonspecific term that is used to describe an appendix abnormally distended with mucus. This may be the result of either neoplastic or non-neopleastic causes and may present like most appendiceal pathology with either mild abdominal pain or life-threatening peritonitis. Urologic manifestations of mucocele of the appendix have rarely been reported. Laparoscopy can be used as a diagnostic tool in equivocal cases. Conversion to laparotomy may be indicated if there is a special concern for the ability to remove the appendix intact or if more extensive resection is warranted, as in malignancy. We here report our experience with a woman presenting with hematuria whose ultimate diagnosis was mucocele of the appendix, and we review the appropriate literature. This case highlights the mucocele as a consideration in the differential diagnosis of appendiceal pathology and serves to remind the surgeon of the importance for careful intact removal of the diseased appendix.  (+info)

Parameters associated with Schistosoma haematobium infection before and after chemotherapy in school children from two villages in the coast province of Kenya. (5/606)

We evaluated the impact of praziquantel therapy (40 mg/kg body weight) on indicators of infection with Schistosoma haematobium by following a cohort of infected children from schools located 12 km apart in the Coast province of Kenya, at 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 18 months after treatment. Within this period, measurements of infection parameters pertaining to egg counts and haematuria (micro-, macro- and history) were evaluated at all time points. The initial prevalence of 100% dropped significantly 8 weeks after treatment with a similar trend in the intensity of infection. Microhaematuria followed the same trend as observed for egg counts while macrohaematuria remained low after treatment. Reinfection following successful therapy differed significantly between schools; in one school the children were reinfected immediately while those in the other remained uninfected despite similar starting prevalences, intensities of infection and cure rates. Transmission between the two areas looked homogeneous before treatment but when both groups were treated, contrasting transmission patterns became evident. In a regression model we evaluated factors that might be associated with reinfection, and after allowing for pretreatment infection level, age and sex, area (school) remained a highly significant predictor.  (+info)

Familial phenotype differences in PKD11. (6/606)

Familial phenotype differences in PKD1. BACKGROUND: Mutations within the PKD1 gene are responsible for the most common and most severe form of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Although it is known that there is a wide range of disease severity within PKD1 families, it is uncertain whether differences in clinical severity also occur among PKD1 families. METHODS: Ten large South Wales ADPKD families with at least 12 affected members were included in the study. From affected members, clinical information was obtained, including survival data and the presence of ADPKD-associated complications. Family members who were at risk of having inherited ADPKD but were proven to be non-affected were included as controls. Linkage and haplotype analysis were performed with highly polymorphic microsatellite markers closely linked to the PKD1 gene. Survival data were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method and the log rank test. Logistic regression analysis was used to test for differences in complication rates between families. RESULTS: Haplotype analysis revealed that each family had PKD1-linked disease with a unique disease-associated haplotype. Interfamily differences were observed in overall survival (P = 0.0004), renal survival (P = 0.0001), hypertension prevalence (P = 0.013), and hernia (P = 0.048). Individuals with hypertension had significantly worse overall (P = 0.0085) and renal (P = 0.03) survival compared with those without hypertension. No statistically significant differences in the prevalence of hypertension and hernia were observed among controls. CONCLUSION: We conclude that phenotype differences exist between PKD1 families, which, on the basis of having unique disease-associated haplotypes, are likely to be associated with a heterogeneous range of underlying PKD1 mutations.  (+info)

Urine circulating soluble egg antigen in relation to egg counts, hematuria, and urinary tract pathology before and after treatment in children infected with Schistosoma haematobium in Kenya. (7/606)

A cohort of 117 school children infected with Schistosoma haematobium was followed-up after therapy with praziquantel (0, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 18 months) and various infection and morbidity parameters (egg counts, hematuria, soluble egg antigen [SEA] in urine, and ultrasonography-detectable pathology) were quantified. At the onset of the study, 97% of the children were positive for S. haematobium with a geometric mean egg count of 45.7 eggs/10 ml of urine. Eighty-one percent of the children were positive for SEA in urine with a geometric mean SEA concentration of 218.8 ng/ml of urine. Ninety-two percent and 56% of the children were microhematuria positive and macrohematuria positive, respectively. Two months after treatment, all infection and morbidity indicators had significantly decreased. Reinfection after treatment as determined by detection of eggs in urine was observed by four months post-treatment while the other parameters remained low. The clearance of SEA was slower than that of egg counts while pathology resolved at an even slower pace. Levels of SEA and egg output showed similar correlations with ultrasound detectable pathology; these correlations were better than the correlation between hematuria and pathology.  (+info)

Coeliac disease in adults: variations on a theme. (8/606)

In childhood, coeliac disease (gluten enteropathy) tends to show itself with failure to thrive and growth retardation; in adult life with malabsorption syndromes. We report six cases in adults who presented atypically, with features including clotting disorder, hypoglycaemia, weight loss, anaemia and angina pectoris, all of which responded to gluten withdrawal.  (+info)

Hematuria is a medical term that refers to the presence of blood in urine. It can be visible to the naked eye, which is called gross hematuria, or detected only under a microscope, known as microscopic hematuria. The blood in urine may come from any site along the urinary tract, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Hematuria can be a symptom of various medical conditions, such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, kidney disease, or cancer of the urinary tract. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional if you notice blood in your urine to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

Cystoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the insertion of a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light on the end (cystoscope) into the bladder through the urethra. This procedure allows healthcare professionals to examine the lining of the bladder and urethra for any abnormalities such as inflammation, tumors, or stones. Cystoscopy can be used for diagnostic purposes, as well as for therapeutic interventions like removing small bladder tumors or performing biopsies. It is typically performed under local or general anesthesia to minimize discomfort and pain.

Urography is a medical imaging technique used to examine the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. It involves the use of a contrast material that is injected into a vein or given orally, which then travels through the bloodstream to the kidneys and gets excreted in the urine. This allows the radiologist to visualize the structures and any abnormalities such as tumors, stones, or blockages. There are different types of urography, including intravenous urography (IVU), CT urography, and retrograde urography.

Urinalysis is a medical examination and analysis of urine. It's used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as diabetes, kidney disease, and liver problems. A urinalysis can also help monitor medications and drug compliance. The test typically involves checking the color, clarity, and specific gravity (concentration) of urine. It may also include chemical analysis to detect substances like glucose, protein, blood, and white blood cells, which could indicate various medical conditions. In some cases, a microscopic examination is performed to identify any abnormal cells, casts, or crystals present in the urine.

Urologic diseases refer to a variety of conditions that affect the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra in both males and females, as well as the male reproductive system. These diseases can range from relatively common conditions such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), to more complex diseases like kidney stones, bladder cancer, and prostate cancer.

Some of the common urologic diseases include:

1. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): These are infections that occur in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. UTIs are more common in women than men.
2. Kidney Stones: These are small, hard mineral deposits that form inside the kidneys and can cause pain, nausea, and blood in the urine when passed.
3. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): This is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that can cause difficulty urinating, frequent urination, and a weak urine stream.
4. Bladder Cancer: This is a type of cancer that begins in the bladder, usually in the lining of the bladder.
5. Prostate Cancer: This is a type of cancer that occurs in the prostate gland, which is a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces seminal fluid.
6. Erectile Dysfunction (ED): This is a condition where a man has trouble achieving or maintaining an erection.
7. Overactive Bladder (OAB): This is a condition characterized by the sudden and strong need to urinate frequently, as well as involuntary loss of urine (incontinence).

Urologic diseases can affect people of all ages and genders, although some conditions are more common in certain age groups or among men or women. Treatment for urologic diseases varies depending on the specific condition and its severity, but may include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes.

IGA glomerulonephritis (also known as Berger's disease) is a type of glomerulonephritis, which is a condition characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli, the tiny filtering units in the kidneys. In IgA glomerulonephritis, the immune system produces an abnormal amount of IgA antibodies, which deposit in the glomeruli and cause inflammation. This can lead to symptoms such as blood in the urine, protein in the urine, and swelling in the legs and feet. In some cases, it can also lead to kidney failure. The exact cause of IgA glomerulonephritis is not known, but it is often associated with other conditions such as infections, autoimmune diseases, and certain medications.

The renal veins are a pair of large veins that carry oxygen-depleted blood and waste products from the kidneys to the inferior vena cava, which is the largest vein in the body that returns blood to the heart. The renal veins are formed by the union of several smaller veins that drain blood from different parts of the kidney.

In humans, the right renal vein is shorter and passes directly into the inferior vena cava, while the left renal vein is longer and passes in front of the aorta before entering the inferior vena cava. The left renal vein also receives blood from the gonadal (testicular or ovarian) veins, suprarenal (adrenal) veins, and the lumbar veins.

It is important to note that the renal veins are vulnerable to compression by surrounding structures, such as the overlying artery or a tumor, which can lead to renal vein thrombosis, a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention.

Flank pain is defined as discomfort or pain located in the area of the body between the lower ribcage and the pelvis, specifically in the region of the abdomen that lies posterior to the axillary line (the line drawn from the underarm down the side of the body). This region contains several vital organs such as the kidneys, ureters, pancreas, colon, and parts of the reproductive system. Flank pain can be a symptom of various medical conditions affecting these organs, including but not limited to kidney stones, pyelonephritis (kidney infection), musculoskeletal issues, or irritable bowel syndrome. The intensity and character of flank pain may vary depending on the underlying cause, ranging from a dull ache to sharp stabbing sensations.

Urinary Bladder Neoplasms are abnormal growths or tumors in the urinary bladder, which can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Malignant neoplasms can be further classified into various types of bladder cancer, such as urothelial carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. These malignant tumors often invade surrounding tissues and organs, potentially spreading to other parts of the body (metastasis), which can lead to serious health consequences if not detected and treated promptly and effectively.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Schistosomiasis haematobia" is not a recognized medical term. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by several species of blood flukes (schistosomes). The two main forms that affect humans are Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma haematobium, but the term "haematobia" itself refers to the presence of blood in urine.

So, when we talk about Schistosoma haematobium, it's a specific species of schistosome that causes an infection known as urogenital schistosomiasis, which is characterized by the presence of blood in the urine (haematuria) and other symptoms.

If you have any questions about tropical diseases or parasitic infections, feel free to ask!

Reagent strips, also known as diagnostic or test strips, are narrow pieces of plastic material that have been impregnated with chemical reagents. They are used in the qualitative or semi-quantitative detection of various substances, such as glucose, proteins, ketones, blood, and white blood cells, in body fluids like urine or blood.

Reagent strips typically contain multiple pad areas, each with a different reagent that reacts to a specific substance. To perform the test, a small amount of the fluid is applied to the strip, and the reaction between the reagents and the target substance produces a visible color change. The resulting color can then be compared to a standardized color chart to determine the concentration or presence of the substance.

Reagent strips are widely used in point-of-care testing, providing quick and convenient results for healthcare professionals and patients alike. They are commonly used for monitoring conditions such as diabetes (urine or blood glucose levels), urinary tract infections (leukocytes and nitrites), and kidney function (protein and blood).

Proteinuria is a medical term that refers to the presence of excess proteins, particularly albumin, in the urine. Under normal circumstances, only small amounts of proteins should be found in the urine because the majority of proteins are too large to pass through the glomeruli, which are the filtering units of the kidneys.

However, when the glomeruli become damaged or diseased, they may allow larger molecules such as proteins to leak into the urine. Persistent proteinuria is often a sign of kidney disease and can indicate damage to the glomeruli. It is usually detected through a routine urinalysis and may be confirmed with further testing.

The severity of proteinuria can vary, and it can be a symptom of various underlying conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, glomerulonephritis, and other kidney diseases. Treatment for proteinuria depends on the underlying cause and may include medications to control blood pressure, manage diabetes, or reduce protein loss in the urine.

Cystitis is a medical term that refers to inflammation of the bladder, usually caused by a bacterial infection. The infection can occur when bacteria from the digestive tract or skin enter the urinary tract through the urethra and travel up to the bladder. This condition is more common in women than men due to their shorter urethras, which makes it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder.

Symptoms of cystitis may include a strong, frequent, or urgent need to urinate, pain or burning during urination, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, and discomfort in the lower abdomen or back. In some cases, there may be blood in the urine, fever, chills, or nausea and vomiting.

Cystitis can usually be treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Drinking plenty of water to flush out the bacteria and alleviating symptoms with over-the-counter pain medications may also help. Preventive measures include practicing good hygiene, wiping from front to back after using the toilet, urinating after sexual activity, and avoiding using douches or perfumes in the genital area.

Hemoglobinuria is a medical condition characterized by the presence of hemoglobin in the urine. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Normally, when red blood cells die, they are broken down and their hemoglobin is recycled. However, in certain conditions such as intravascular hemolysis (the destruction of red blood cells inside blood vessels), hemoglobin can be released into the bloodstream and then filtered by the kidneys into the urine.

Hemoglobinuria can be a symptom of various underlying medical conditions, including hemolytic anemias, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), severe infections, snake bites, and exposure to certain toxins or medications. It is important to identify the underlying cause of hemoglobinuria, as treatment will depend on the specific condition.

In some cases, hemoglobinuria can lead to kidney damage due to the toxic effects of free hemoglobin on the renal tubules. This can result in acute or chronic kidney injury, and in severe cases, it may require dialysis or transplantation.

Hereditary nephritis is a genetic disorder that causes recurring inflammation of the kidneys' glomeruli, which are the tiny blood vessel clusters that filter waste from the blood. This condition is also known as hereditary glomerulonephritis.

The inherited form of nephritis is caused by mutations in specific genes, leading to abnormalities in the proteins responsible for maintaining the structural integrity and proper functioning of the glomeruli. As a result, affected individuals typically experience hematuria (blood in urine), proteinuria (protein in urine), hypertension (high blood pressure), and progressive kidney dysfunction that can ultimately lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

There are different types of hereditary nephritis, such as Alport syndrome and thin basement membrane nephropathy. These conditions have distinct genetic causes, clinical presentations, and inheritance patterns. Early diagnosis and appropriate management can help slow the progression of kidney damage and improve long-term outcomes for affected individuals.

Glomerulonephritis is a medical condition that involves inflammation of the glomeruli, which are the tiny blood vessel clusters in the kidneys that filter waste and excess fluids from the blood. This inflammation can impair the kidney's ability to filter blood properly, leading to symptoms such as proteinuria (protein in the urine), hematuria (blood in the urine), edema (swelling), hypertension (high blood pressure), and eventually kidney failure.

Glomerulonephritis can be acute or chronic, and it may occur as a primary kidney disease or secondary to other medical conditions such as infections, autoimmune disorders, or vasculitis. The diagnosis of glomerulonephritis typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, urinalysis, blood tests, and imaging studies, with confirmation often requiring a kidney biopsy. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and severity of the disease but may include medications to suppress inflammation, control blood pressure, and manage symptoms.

Pyuria is a medical term that refers to the presence of pus or purulent exudate (containing white blood cells) in the urine. It's typically indicative of a urinary tract infection (UTI), inflammation, or other conditions that cause an elevated number of leukocytes in the urine. The pus may come from the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Other possible causes include sexually transmitted infections, kidney stones, trauma, or medical procedures involving the urinary tract. A healthcare professional will usually confirm pyuria through a urinalysis and might recommend further testing to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment.

Urologic neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors in the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate, and urethra. These growths can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Common types of urologic neoplasms include renal cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and testicular cancer. It is important to note that early detection and treatment can significantly improve outcomes for patients with urologic neoplasms.

"Schistosoma haematobium" is a species of parasitic flatworm, also known as a blood fluke, that causes the disease schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia). This specific species is the most common cause of urogenital schistosomiasis.

The life cycle of Schistosoma haematobium involves freshwater snails as intermediate hosts. The parasite's eggs are released in the urine of an infected person and hatch in fresh water, releasing miracidia that infect the snail. After several developmental stages, the parasites emerge from the snail as free-swimming cercariae, which then infect the human host by penetrating the skin during contact with infested water.

Once inside the human body, the cercariae transform into schistosomula and migrate to the venous plexus around the bladder, where they mature into adult worms. The female worms lay eggs that can cause inflammation and damage to the urinary tract and, in some cases, other organs. Symptoms of infection can include blood in the urine, frequent urination, and pain during urination. Chronic infection can lead to more serious complications, such as bladder cancer and kidney damage.

Urolithiasis is the formation of stones (calculi) in the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. These stones can be composed of various substances such as calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, uric acid, or struvite. The presence of urolithiasis can cause symptoms like severe pain in the back or side, nausea, vomiting, fever, and blood in the urine. The condition can be managed with medications, increased fluid intake, and in some cases, surgical intervention may be required to remove the stones.

Urine is a physiological excretory product that is primarily composed of water, urea, and various ions (such as sodium, potassium, chloride, and others) that are the byproducts of protein metabolism. It also contains small amounts of other substances like uric acid, creatinine, ammonia, and various organic compounds. Urine is produced by the kidneys through a process called urination or micturition, where it is filtered from the blood and then stored in the bladder until it is excreted from the body through the urethra. The color, volume, and composition of urine can provide important diagnostic information about various medical conditions.

Kidney disease, also known as nephropathy or renal disease, refers to any functional or structural damage to the kidneys that impairs their ability to filter blood, regulate electrolytes, produce hormones, and maintain fluid balance. This damage can result from a wide range of causes, including diabetes, hypertension, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, lupus, infections, drugs, toxins, and congenital or inherited disorders.

Depending on the severity and progression of the kidney damage, kidney diseases can be classified into two main categories: acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). AKI is a sudden and often reversible loss of kidney function that occurs over hours to days, while CKD is a progressive and irreversible decline in kidney function that develops over months or years.

Symptoms of kidney diseases may include edema, proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension, electrolyte imbalances, metabolic acidosis, anemia, and decreased urine output. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of the disease and may include medications, dietary modifications, dialysis, or kidney transplantation.

Urinary calculi, also known as kidney stones or nephrolithiasis, are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside the urinary system. These calculi can develop in any part of the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

The formation of urinary calculi typically occurs when there is a concentration of certain substances, such as calcium, oxalate, uric acid, or struvite, in the urine. When these substances become highly concentrated, they can crystallize and form small seeds that gradually grow into larger stones over time.

The size of urinary calculi can vary from tiny, sand-like particles to large stones that can fill the entire renal pelvis. The symptoms associated with urinary calculi depend on the stone's size, location, and whether it is causing a blockage in the urinary tract. Common symptoms include severe pain in the flank, lower abdomen, or groin; nausea and vomiting; blood in the urine (hematuria); fever and chills; and frequent urge to urinate or painful urination.

Treatment for urinary calculi depends on the size and location of the stone, as well as the severity of symptoms. Small stones may pass spontaneously with increased fluid intake and pain management. Larger stones may require medical intervention, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy, or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) to break up or remove the stone. Preventive measures include maintaining adequate hydration, modifying dietary habits, and taking medications to reduce the risk of stone formation.

A urinary bladder fistula is an abnormal connection or passage between the urinary bladder and another organ or structure, such as the skin, intestine, or vagina. This condition can result from various factors, including surgery, injury, infection, inflammation, radiation therapy, or malignancy.

Bladder fistulas may lead to symptoms like continuous leakage of urine through the skin, frequent urinary tract infections, and fecal matter in the urine (when the fistula involves the intestine). The diagnosis typically involves imaging tests, such as a CT scan or cystogram, while treatment often requires surgical repair of the fistula.

Urinary bladder diseases refer to a range of conditions that affect the urinary bladder, a muscular sac located in the pelvis that stores urine before it is excreted from the body. These diseases can impair the bladder's ability to store or empty urine properly, leading to various symptoms and complications. Here are some common urinary bladder diseases with their medical definitions:

1. Cystitis: This is an inflammation of the bladder, often caused by bacterial infections (known as UTI - Urinary Tract Infection). However, it can also be triggered by irritants, radiation therapy, or chemical exposure.
2. Overactive Bladder (OAB): A group of symptoms that include urgency, frequency, and, in some cases, urge incontinence. The bladder muscle contracts excessively, causing a strong, sudden desire to urinate.
3. Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS): A chronic bladder condition characterized by pain, pressure, or discomfort in the bladder and pelvic region, often accompanied by urinary frequency and urgency. Unlike cystitis, IC/BPS is not caused by infection, but its exact cause remains unknown.
4. Bladder Cancer: The abnormal growth of cancerous cells within the bladder lining or muscle. It can present as non-muscle-invasive (superficial) or muscle-invasive, depending on whether the tumor has grown into the bladder muscle.
5. Bladder Diverticula: Small sac-like pouches that form in the bladder lining and protrude outward through its wall. These may result from increased bladder pressure due to conditions like OAB or an enlarged prostate.
6. Neurogenic Bladder: A condition where nerve damage or dysfunction affects the bladder's ability to store or empty urine properly. This can lead to symptoms such as incontinence, urgency, and retention.
7. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Although not a bladder disease itself, BPH is a common condition in older men where the prostate gland enlarges, putting pressure on the bladder and urethra, leading to urinary symptoms like frequency, urgency, and hesitancy.

Understanding these various bladder conditions can help individuals identify potential issues early on and seek appropriate medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Renal Nutcracker Syndrome, also known as Left Renal Vein Entrapment Syndrome, is a rare medical condition characterized by the compression of the left renal vein between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. This compression can lead to various symptoms such as hematuria (blood in the urine), proteinuria (protein in the urine), flank pain, orthostatic intolerance, and varicocele in men. The diagnosis is often made through imaging studies like Doppler ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, and treatment options include conservative management, endovascular stenting, or surgical intervention.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a type of small vessel vasculitis, which is a condition characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels. HSP primarily affects children, but it can occur in adults as well. It is named after two German physicians, Eduard Heinrich Henoch and Johann Schönlein, who first described the condition in the mid-19th century.

The main feature of HSP is a purpuric rash, which is a type of rash that appears as small, red or purple spots on the skin. The rash is caused by leakage of blood from the small blood vessels (capillaries) beneath the skin. In HSP, this rash typically occurs on the legs and buttocks, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the arms, face, and trunk.

In addition to the purpuric rash, HSP is often accompanied by other symptoms, such as joint pain and swelling, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. In severe cases, it can also affect the kidneys, leading to hematuria (blood in the urine) and proteinuria (protein in the urine).

The exact cause of HSP is not known, but it is thought to be related to an abnormal immune response to certain triggers, such as infections or medications. Treatment typically involves supportive care, such as pain relief and fluid replacement, as well as medications to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. In most cases, HSP resolves on its own within a few weeks or months, but it can lead to serious complications in some individuals.

Hemospermia is the medical term for the presence of blood in semen. It can be caused by various factors, such as inflammation or infection of the urethra, prostate gland, or seminal vesicles; trauma to the genital area; or more serious conditions like tumors. In many cases, the cause remains unknown and the condition resolves on its own within a few weeks. However, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional if you experience hemospermia to rule out any underlying medical conditions and receive appropriate treatment.

A kidney glomerulus is a functional unit in the nephron of the kidney. It is a tuft of capillaries enclosed within a structure called Bowman's capsule, which filters waste and excess fluids from the blood. The glomerulus receives blood from an afferent arteriole and drains into an efferent arteriole.

The process of filtration in the glomerulus is called ultrafiltration, where the pressure within the glomerular capillaries drives plasma fluid and small molecules (such as ions, glucose, amino acids, and waste products) through the filtration membrane into the Bowman's space. Larger molecules, like proteins and blood cells, are retained in the blood due to their larger size. The filtrate then continues down the nephron for further processing, eventually forming urine.

Ureteral diseases refer to a range of conditions that affect the ureters, which are the thin tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. These diseases can cause various symptoms such as pain in the side or back, fever, and changes in urinary patterns. Here are some examples of ureteral diseases:

1. Ureteral stricture: A narrowing of the ureter that can be caused by scarring, inflammation, or tumors. This can lead to a backup of urine, which can cause kidney damage or infection.
2. Ureteral stones: Small, hard mineral deposits that form in the ureters and can cause pain, nausea, and blood in the urine.
3. Ureteral cancer: A rare type of cancer that affects the ureters and can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, weight loss, and bloody urine.
4. Ureteral reflux: A condition in which urine flows backward from the bladder into the ureters, causing infection and kidney damage.
5. Ureteral trauma: Injury to the ureters can occur due to accidents, surgeries, or other medical procedures. This can lead to bleeding, scarring, or blockages in the ureters.

Treatment for ureteral diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. Treatment options may include medications, surgery, or minimally invasive procedures such as stenting or balloon dilation.

A biopsy is a medical procedure in which a small sample of tissue is taken from the body to be examined under a microscope for the presence of disease. This can help doctors diagnose and monitor various medical conditions, such as cancer, infections, or autoimmune disorders. The type of biopsy performed will depend on the location and nature of the suspected condition. Some common types of biopsies include:

1. Incisional biopsy: In this procedure, a surgeon removes a piece of tissue from an abnormal area using a scalpel or other surgical instrument. This type of biopsy is often used when the lesion is too large to be removed entirely during the initial biopsy.

2. Excisional biopsy: An excisional biopsy involves removing the entire abnormal area, along with a margin of healthy tissue surrounding it. This technique is typically employed for smaller lesions or when cancer is suspected.

3. Needle biopsy: A needle biopsy uses a thin, hollow needle to extract cells or fluid from the body. There are two main types of needle biopsies: fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy. FNA extracts loose cells, while a core needle biopsy removes a small piece of tissue.

4. Punch biopsy: In a punch biopsy, a round, sharp tool is used to remove a small cylindrical sample of skin tissue. This type of biopsy is often used for evaluating rashes or other skin abnormalities.

5. Shave biopsy: During a shave biopsy, a thin slice of tissue is removed from the surface of the skin using a sharp razor-like instrument. This technique is typically used for superficial lesions or growths on the skin.

After the biopsy sample has been collected, it is sent to a laboratory where a pathologist will examine the tissue under a microscope and provide a diagnosis based on their findings. The results of the biopsy can help guide further treatment decisions and determine the best course of action for managing the patient's condition.

Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is a type of cancer that develops in the transitional epithelium, which is the tissue that lines the inner surface of the urinary tract. This includes the renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer and can also occur in other parts of the urinary system.

Transitional cells are specialized epithelial cells that can stretch and change shape as the organs they line expand or contract. These cells normally have a flat, squamous appearance when at rest but become more cuboidal and columnar when the organ is full. Transitional cell carcinomas typically start in the urothelium, which is the innermost lining of the urinary tract.

Transitional cell carcinoma can be classified as non-invasive (also called papillary or superficial), invasive, or both. Non-invasive TCCs are confined to the urothelium and have not grown into the underlying connective tissue. Invasive TCCs have grown through the urothelium and invaded the lamina propria (a layer of connective tissue beneath the urothelium) or the muscle wall of the bladder.

Transitional cell carcinoma can also be categorized as low-grade or high-grade, depending on how abnormal the cancer cells look under a microscope and how likely they are to grow and spread. Low-grade TCCs tend to have a better prognosis than high-grade TCCs.

Treatment for transitional cell carcinoma depends on the stage and grade of the cancer, as well as other factors such as the patient's overall health. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy.

The urinary tract is a system in the body responsible for producing, storing, and eliminating urine. It includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, and the urethra. The kidneys filter waste and excess fluids from the blood to produce urine, which then travels down the ureters into the bladder. When the bladder is full, urine is released through the urethra during urination. Any part of this system can become infected or inflamed, leading to conditions such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) or kidney stones.

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. "Cyprus" is not a medical term or condition, but rather the name of a country located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is an island nation that is known for its rich history, culture, and natural beauty. If you have any questions about Cyprus' geography, history, or other non-medical topics, I would be happy to try to help answer them!

Multiphasic screening is a type of medical testing that involves the administration of several tests or examinations simultaneously or in rapid succession. These screenings can include laboratory tests, imaging studies, physical examinations, and psychological assessments. The goal of multiphasic screening is to efficiently assess an individual's overall health status and identify any potential risk factors, diseases, or conditions that may require further evaluation or treatment.

Multiphasic screening is often used in preventive medicine and public health programs to screen large populations for common health issues such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and cancer. The use of multiphasic screening can help identify individuals who are at risk for these conditions before they develop symptoms, allowing for earlier intervention and potentially better outcomes.

It is important to note that while multiphasic screening can provide valuable information about an individual's health status, it is not a substitute for regular medical check-ups and consultations with healthcare professionals. Any abnormal results from a multiphasic screening should be followed up with further testing and evaluation by a qualified healthcare provider.

A urinary fistula is an abnormal connection or passage between the urinary tract and another organ or tissue, such as the bladder, ureter, or kidney, and the skin, vagina, or intestine. This condition can lead to urine leakage through the abnormal opening, causing discomfort, infection, and other complications if not treated promptly and effectively. Urinary fistulas can be caused by various factors, including surgery, injury, radiation therapy, inflammation, or cancer. The type and location of the fistula will determine the specific symptoms and treatment options.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

"Flammulina" is a genus of fungi in the family Physalacriaceae. It is commonly known as the "Winter Fungus" or "Enoki Mushroom." The most common species is Flammulina velutipes, which has white or pale brown caps and long, slender stems. This mushroom is often cultivated for food in East Asia and can be found in woods during the winter months in cooler climates. It contains various bioactive compounds with potential health benefits, such as antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and antitumor activities.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are defined as the presence of pathogenic microorganisms, typically bacteria, in any part of the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, resulting in infection and inflammation. The majority of UTIs are caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria, but other organisms such as Klebsiella, Proteus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, and Enterococcus can also cause UTIs.

UTIs can be classified into two types based on the location of the infection:

1. Lower UTI or bladder infection (cystitis): This type of UTI affects the bladder and urethra. Symptoms may include a frequent and urgent need to urinate, pain or burning during urination, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, and discomfort in the lower abdomen or back.

2. Upper UTI or kidney infection (pyelonephritis): This type of UTI affects the kidneys and can be more severe than a bladder infection. Symptoms may include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and pain in the flanks or back.

UTIs are more common in women than men due to their shorter urethra, which makes it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder. Other risk factors for UTIs include sexual activity, use of diaphragms or spermicides, urinary catheterization, diabetes, and weakened immune systems.

UTIs are typically diagnosed through a urinalysis and urine culture to identify the causative organism and determine the appropriate antibiotic treatment. In some cases, imaging studies such as ultrasound or CT scan may be necessary to evaluate for any underlying abnormalities in the urinary tract.

... or haematuria is defined as the presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine. "Gross hematuria" occurs when ... In terms of the visibility, hematuria can be visible to the naked eye (termed "gross hematuria") and may appear red or brown ( ... In terms of visibility, hematuria can be visible to the naked eye (termed "gross hematuria") and may appear red or brown ( ... Menstruation in women may also cause the appearance of hematuria and may result in a positive urine dipstick test for hematuria ...
Loin pain-hematuria syndrome. In: Forman, JP (Ed). UpToDate. Waltham, MA: UpToDate; 2012; "Loin Pain - Haematuria Syndrome » ... Diagnosis of loin pain-hematuria syndrome (LPHS) occurs when hematuria is present, recurrent or persistent pain is severe, and ... Hematuria (more than 5 red blood cells per high power field) should be present in virtually every urinalysis and is typically ... "Classic loin pain-haematuria syndrome". Some patients have none of the above diagnoses. In these cases there may be minor ...
The systemic reactions include: fever and malaise; enlarged lymph nodes, liver, and/or spleen; liver dysfunction; hematuria; ...
... hematuria; and proteinuria. Taking oral cetirizine regularly has been known to help those who suffer from skeeter syndrome.[ ...
This is often accompanied by fever and malaise; enlarged lymph nodes, liver, and/or spleen; liver dysfunction; hematuria; and ...
hematuria. shock. Retroperitoneal bleeds are most often caused by major trauma, such as from a traffic collisions or a fall. ... Signs and symptoms may include abdominal or upper leg pain, hematuria, and shock. It can be caused by major trauma or by non- ... "A Cough Deteriorating Gross Hematuria: A Clinical Sign of a Forthcoming Life-Threatening Rupture of an Intraparenchymal ...
An increased level of RBCs is termed hematuria. Microscopic hematuria is sometimes observed in healthy people after exercise or ... termed macroscopic hematuria) or if RBCs are only seen on microscopy (microscopic hematuria). Contamination of the sample with ... and microscopic hematuria is sometimes observed in healthy people after exercise. Other causes of microscopic hematuria include ... Pathologic causes of hematuria are diverse and include trauma to the urinary tract, kidney stones, urinary tract infections, ...
Massengill, Susan F. (2008-10-01). "Hematuria". Pediatrics in Review. 29 (10): 342-348. doi:10.1542/pir.29.10.342. ISSN 0191- ... as well as hematuria, just like in urinary tract infection. : 346 MrlabTest - Crystals in urine, Crystalluria. URL: https://www ...
Proteinuria Hematuria Myoglobinuria Hemoglobinuria "Sickle Cell trait and Hematuria: Information for healthcare providers" (PDF ... Microscopic hematuria". N. Engl. J. Med. 348 (23): 2330-8. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp012694. PMID 12788998. 2012 AUA Guidelines [1] ( ... The American Urological Association (AUA) recommends a definition of microscopic hematuria as three or more red blood cells per ... Microhematuria, also called microscopic hematuria (both usually abbreviated as MH), is a medical condition in which urine ...
The medical term for RBCs in the urine is hematuria. Hematuria Deters, A.; Kulozik, A. E. (2003). "Hemoglobinuria". Practical ...
Hematuria may occur.[citation needed] While in congenital disease symptoms may be present at birth or show up later, in ...
ELANE Hematuria, benign familial; 141200; COL4A3 Hemiplegic migraine, familial; 141500; CACNA1A Hemochromatosis, type 2A; ...
"Loin Pain Hematuria Syndrome". Webmd.com. Retrieved 2010-03-17. "Anatomy - Lumbar Spine". Back.com. Retrieved 2010-03-17. " ...
It is especially recommended when blood in the urine (hematuria) has been detected. Urine typically contains epithelial cells ... indicating hematuria. Urinalysis - Image by Mikael Häggström. Reference: Wojcik, EM; Kurtycz, DFI; Rosenthal, DL (2022). "We'll ...
... hematuria); loss of bladder control (incontinence) or overactive bladder; (Although, the American Urogynecologic Society does ...
"Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)". www.niddk.nih.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-14. Ashar, Bimal; Miller, Redonda; Sisson, Stephen; ... hematuria). Low renal blood flow activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), causing fluid retention and mild ...
Abdominal Loin pain hematuria syndrome. Proctitis-infection or inflammation of the anus or rectum. Colitis-infection or ...
One of the common signs of bladder cancer is hematuria and is quite often misdiagnosed as urinary tract infection in women, ... Avellino GJ, Bose S, Wang DS (June 2016). "Diagnosis and Management of Hematuria". The Surgical Clinics of North America. 96 (3 ...
Proteinuria and hematuria are usually absent. Polyuria is resistant to vasopressin. When other organ systems are affected, ...
Urinalysis typically demonstrates hematuria and proteinuria. Levels of the complement protein C3 are low, while levels of C- ...
Bloody urine is termed hematuria, a symptom of a wide variety of medical conditions. Dark orange to brown urine can be a ... Dark red urine due to blood (hematuria). Dark red urine due to choluria. Pinkish urine due to consumption of beetroots. Green ...
Urinalysis revealed hematuria (blood in the urine). Venous Doppler ultrasound of lower extremities demonstrated left popliteal ...
... hematuria (blood in the urine), bladder injury; in animals: teratogenic effects. The short-term NOAEL of 9.6 - 10 mg/kg bw/day ...
There was microhematuria and, on rare occasions, hematuria. Even in the most severe cases, significant improvements and even ...
Courtois died from hematuria of 26 June 1884. The expedition reached the Falls on 3 July 1884. Hassens relieved Adrian Binnie, ... However, he fell sick and died of hematuria on 28 December 1884. Ubangi: Hanssens reported on 25 April 1884 that this affluent ...
Less common manifestations include splenomegaly, hematuria and glomerulonephritis. Headache, neck stiffness, and photophobia ...
Overdoses have been associated with hematuria and hyperuricemia. Rifapentine should be avoided in patients with an allergy to ...
Bacterial variants as etiologic agents in idiopathic hematuria". The Journal of Urology. 120 (6): 708-11. doi:10.1016/s0022- ... idiopathic hematuria, and interstitial cystitis. He also speculated about their role in other diseases such as rheumatic fever ...
As the disease progresses, hematuria and melena will develop. Epistaxis, petechiae and ecchymoses are common symptoms, as are ...
... may have concurrent cardiac ischemia and hematuria. MRI shows hyperintensities on T2 weighted ...
Hematuria or haematuria is defined as the presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine. "Gross hematuria" occurs when ... In terms of the visibility, hematuria can be visible to the naked eye (termed "gross hematuria") and may appear red or brown ( ... In terms of visibility, hematuria can be visible to the naked eye (termed "gross hematuria") and may appear red or brown ( ... Menstruation in women may also cause the appearance of hematuria and may result in a positive urine dipstick test for hematuria ...
Hematuria can be either gross (ie, overtly bloody, smoky, or tea-colored urine) or microscopic. ... hematuria is defined as the presence of 5 or more red blood cells (RBCs) per high-power field in 3 of 3 consecutive centrifuged ... Familial hematuria. Familial hematuria is defined as a group of genetic disorders of glomerular capillaries that are ... Gross hematuria quickly disappears, but microscopic hematuria may persist for years. Most investigators agree that the great ...
Paul N. Williams, MD: We talk about it in the podcast Hematuria with Dr Derek Fine. You mentioned that microscopic hematuria is ... Were going to be recapping some of our favorite pearls on hematuria, which is a really common problem. Gross hematuria - ... But patients on anticoagulation with hematuria are owed the same workup as anyone else with hematuria. ... Gross hematuria or even microscopic blood more than 25 red blood cells per high-power field puts them in that high-risk ...
Sangre en la orina (hematuria). What Is Hematuria?. When blood gets into urine (pee), its called hematuria (hee-ma-TUR-ee-uh ... How Is Hematuria Treated?. Most of the time, hematuria doesnt need any treatment. If it only happens once, its nothing to ... There are two types of hematuria:. *Microscopic hematuria is when blood in the urine can be seen only with a microscope. Often ... What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Hematuria?. Microscopic hematuria has no visible signs. Doctors will only know someone has it ...
Age under 40 years with Hematuria. *Healthy men with Hematuria at one time: 39% ... These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Hematuria in Adults." Click on the image (or right click) to ... Gross Hematuria should be thoroughly evaluated including urologic Consultation. *Confirm adequate sample. *See Microscopic ... No longer recommended for routine Hematuria evaluation. *Cystoscopy has higher Test Sensitivity than either urine cytology or ...
gross hematuria workup and DDX of hematuria source of bleeding in urinary tract, gross vs microscopic hematuria [img] and more. ... Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like hematuria, microscopic vs. ... gross hematuria. workup and DDX of hematuria. source of bleeding in urinary tract ...
This is the first report of ureteral injury after oocyte retrieval presenting itself with delayed massive hematuria and no ... Four days after oocyte retrieval, she presented with massive hematuria that reappeared 6 days after oocyte retrieval. Monopolar ... We report a case of ureteral injury with delayed hematuria after transvaginal oocyte retrieval. A 28-year-old infertile patient ... The delayed hematuria and intraperitoneal bleeding could have been due to the resorption and demarcation of the hematoma around ...
Haematuria associated with pain, oedema, hypertension or proteinuria needs investigation. Background. *Microscopic haematuria ... Isolated asymptomatic microscopic haematuria is the presence of microscopic haematuria without clinical symptoms or any other ... Macroscopic haematuria is when blood is visible in urine without microscopy, and is more likely to come from the bladder or ... Persistent microscopic haematuriais 3 positive separate samples that occur ≥1 week apart, without prior exercise nor during ...
benign glomerular haematuria (eg thin GBM disease, benign familial haematuria). Patients with sickle trait or sickle cell ... Is dealt with in a separate guideline on macroscopic haematuria.. Further information. Patient information on haematuria is ... Home Handbooks Main Renal Unit Handbook CKD (assessment and general management) Haematuria - microscopic ... Microscopic haematuria need not be abnormal. Over 12,500 rbc/ml is abnormal, and the detection limit for dipstick testing is ...
Evaluation of microscopic hematuria: a critical review and proposed algorithm. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2015 Jul; 22(4):289-96. ... "Hematuria" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Hematuria" by people in this website by year, and whether " ... Intractable Hematuria After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Can Lessons Learned from Gastrointestinal Bleeding Be ...
A 60-year-old mail carrier presents with gross hematuria. His medical history is significant for rheumatic fever, and his ... A 60-year-old man presents to his primary care physician with a 2-week history of gross hematuria. He has had no recent illness ... A Mail Carrier With Gross Hematuria Whose Sister Has Lupus - Medscape - Oct 12, 2021. ...
3-Way Foley Hematuria Tip: Long Round Lubrication: Hydrophillic Material: Latex Size: 24Fr Balloon Capacity: 30cc ... BARDEX LUBRICATH Hematuria 3-Way Latex Foley Catheter 24 Fr 30 cc. Save $-46.39 ...
599.70 - Hematuria, unspecified. The above description is abbreviated. This code description may also have Includes, Excludes, ...
... Aug 11, 2023. Urology Times staff ... but the reality is that when people sit down-and Im on the hematuria guidelines-and look at the evidence, they [have been ... which is comparing the genomic urine test Cxbladder with standard of care in patients with hematuria who are being evaluated ...
Isolated Hematuria - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the MSD Manuals - Medical ... Evaluation of Isolated Hematuria History History of present illness includes duration of hematuria and any previous episodes. ... There are numerous specific causes (see table Some Specific Causes of Hematuria Some Common Specific Causes of Hematuria ). ... If a benign cause is not evident or hematuria is persistent, testing is indicated (1 General reference Hematuria is red blood ...
... Login ... A Multigene Urine Test for the Detection and Stratification of Bladder Cancer in Patients Presenting with Hematuria. en. ...
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Haematuria Sentence Examples *. In Egypt 30% of the natives are affected by haematuria which arises from congestion of the ... Words Related to Haematuria Related words are words that are directly connected to each other through their meaning, even if ... Quinine is much less efficacious in the treatment of post-malarial symptoms, such as neuralgia and haematuria, when no ...
... What Is Hematuria?. Hematuria is a term used to describe blood in the urine, which occurs ... What Causes Hematuria?. Hematuria causes range from common conditions like a urinary tract infection (UTI) to more serious and ... How to Treat Hematuria. If no underlying medical condition is causing your hematuria, you will likely require no treatment. ... Microscopic hematuria: blood is only detectable under a microscope. While hematuria does not typically indicate a serious ...
Hematuria can be either gross (ie, overtly bloody, smoky, or tea-colored urine) or microscopic. ... hematuria is defined as the presence of 5 or more red blood cells (RBCs) per high-power field in 3 of 3 consecutive centrifuged ... Hematuria is a sign and not a disease. Therapy should be directed at the process causing hematuria. ... encoded search term (Hematuria) and Hematuria What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Avellino GJ, Bose S, Wang DS (June 2016). "Diagnosis and Management of Hematuria". Surg Clin North Am. 96 (3): 503-15. doi: ... Surgery is not the first-line treatment option for patients with hematuria. Surgery is usually reserved for patients with ... Surgery is not the first-line treatment option for patients with hematuria. Surgery is usually reserved for patients with ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Hematuria_surgery&oldid=1714002" ...
Hematuria- General Surgery, Nephrology, ...
Arkansas Urology provides the latest innovations in medical technology and surgical techniques to patients through its eight Centers of Excellence in urological specialties.
404 Hematuria with Dr. Derek Fine. When theres blood in the water… Work-up hematuria with confidence. Learn what you should be ...
Hematuria is a symptom of an underlying condition that needs to be identified and treated. Learn more about the symptom and its ... Understanding Hematuria. The word hematuria means blood in your urine, and there are two types. One is gross hematuria, which ... Causes of Hematuria. The causes of hematuria are varied. It can happen for very benign reasons, such as running. Even some ... Hematuria is not a condition, but rather a symptom of something else. It is characterized by blood in the urine.. The cause ...
Use of antithrombotic drugs is associated with a high rate of complications due to hematuria, many of which may be preventable ... "Visible hematuria is a recognized side effect of antithrombotic agents but varies in severity, and can usually be managed by ... Use of antithrombotic drugs is associated with a high rate of complications due to hematuria, many of which may be preventable ... Hematuria-related complications were more common during exposure to anticoagulants than to antiplatelet agents, and patients ...
... of Samitivej Hospital writes about hematuria in children, its causes and how to recognize symptoms of this condition. ... In fact, hematuria is not in itself a disease; rather, it is a sign indicating that there is abnormality and suggests that the ... Hematuria found in children due to problems in the urinary tract and the kidney can be roughly divided into two main groups. ... In general, hematuria occurs in children aged between 5-15 years old, but is rarely found in children aged under three year old ...
View Hematuria & more Felis resources at Vetlexicon. Over 28,000 peer-reviewed resources: Canis, Bovis, Equis, Lapis & Exotis. ... Hitt M E, Straw R C, Lattimer J C et al (1985) Idiopathic hematuria of unilateral renal origin in a dog. JAVMA 187 (12), 1371- ... Beatty J A, Martin P, Kendall K et al (1999) Haematuria in a geriatric cat. Aust Vet J 77 (3), 160, 166-167 PubMed. ... Batamuzi E K, Kristensen F, Basse A et al (1994) Idiopathic renal haematuria in the dog. Vet Rec 135 (25), 603 PubMed. ...
Hematuria answers are found in the 5-Minute Clinical Consult powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, ... Stones (85% have hematuria)*Hypercalciuria: a common cause of both gross and microscopic hematuria in children ... Hematuria. (2020). In Domino, F. J., Baldor, R. A., Golding, J., & Stephens, M. B. (Eds.), 5-Minute Clinical Consult (27th ed ... "Hematuria." 5-Minute Clinical Consult, 27th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2020. Medicine Central, im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/5 ...
What is Hematuria?. Hematuria is blood in the urine. This sometimes can be seen as pinkish urine or visible blood. Most times, ... Hematuria can be present with or without pain. Having blood in the urine may point to a serious issue, so its important to ... What are the tests for hematuria?. The goals of testing are two-fold. The first is to determine if there is an abnormality of ... How do you treat hematuria?. Most patients with blood in the urine do not have major problems. In fact, for many, a cause is ...
  • Gross hematuria" occurs when urine appears red, brown, or tea-colored due to the presence of blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • In terms of visibility, hematuria can be visible to the naked eye (termed "gross hematuria") and may appear red or brown (sometimes referred to as tea-colored), or it can be microscopic (i.e. not visible but detected with a microscope or laboratory test). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hematuria can be either gross or microscopic, and may or may not be associated with dysuria. (medscape.com)
  • It usually presents with painless intermittent gross hematuria, followed by persistent microscopic hematuria. (medscape.com)
  • The episode of gross hematuria often is preceded by an upper respiratory infection. (medscape.com)
  • Gross hematuria - should we worry about it? (medscape.com)
  • That's a different situation from the patient who comes in with gross hematuria, meaning, visible blood in their urine. (medscape.com)
  • By definition, gross hematuria is a higher-risk condition. (medscape.com)
  • Gross hematuria immediately puts the patient in a high-risk category that warrants workup. (medscape.com)
  • Gross hematuria or even microscopic blood more than 25 red blood cells per high-power field puts them in that high-risk category also. (medscape.com)
  • But patients about whom you have a real concern - for example, gross hematuria - are probably going to need CT urogram and cystoscopy. (medscape.com)
  • But I think once you're in that high-risk category, whether it's by age or presence of gross hematuria or prolonged tobacco exposure, CT urogram or cystoscopy is where you're going to go in most cases. (medscape.com)
  • Gross hematuria is when you can see the blood in the pee even without a microscope. (kidshealth.org)
  • Gross hematuria is seen because it changes the color of urine, which can happen with only a little bit of blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • A 60-year-old man presents to his primary care physician with a 2-week history of gross hematuria . (medscape.com)
  • Urine may be red, bloody, or cola-colored (gross hematuria with oxidation of blood retained in the bladder) or not visibly discolored (microscopic hematuria). (msdmanuals.com)
  • The association of idiopathic hypercalciuria and asymptomatic gross hematuria in children. (medscape.com)
  • One is gross hematuria, which means you see the blood in your urine. (roshanpatelmd.com)
  • Children inflicted with gross hematuria have enough blood in their urine that it can be seen by the naked eye. (bkkkids.com)
  • Gross hematuria often detected by owner when they see cat urinate in litter tray or in bath. (vetlexicon.com)
  • 1. Gross hematuria: Red blood cells give the urine a pinkish, red or cola coloring. (chicagourogynecologist.com)
  • All patients with blood seen in their urine (also known as gross hematuria) are at high risk. (chicagourogynecologist.com)
  • It can be categorized as either gross hematuria or microscopic hematuria and can happen for a variety of reasons. (com.pk)
  • Hematuria or the presence of blood in the urine can be classified into two main types: Gross Hematuria and Microscopic Hematuria. (com.pk)
  • Gross hematuria can sometimes be accompanied by blood clots. (com.pk)
  • In cases of gross hematuria, blood clots or visible blood may be present in the urine. (com.pk)
  • The study, published in the October 3 issue of JAMA , showed that among older adults, use of antithrombotic medications was significantly associated with higher rates of complications requiring emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and urologic procedures to manage gross hematuria. (medscape.com)
  • In addition, gross hematuria should also be distinguished from hemoglobinuria. (funtoy.com)
  • There are 2 sorts of Haematuria: tiny Haematuria and also gross Haematuria. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • Tiny Haematuria describes the existence of blood in pee that can only be spotted through research laboratory tests, while gross Haematuria describes visible blood in the urine. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • In gross haematuria, the blood is pink-tinged or red in colour and turns the toilet water red or pink. (medneg.com.au)
  • If the haematuria is gross, you should consider being in the hospital in order to have this condition worked up thoroughly. (medneg.com.au)
  • Both microscopic and gross hematuria in adults carries high and equivalent cancer risk. (consultant360.com)
  • Guidelines for evaluation of gross hematuria recommend that patients undergo CT Urography (CTU), which is associated with a high dose of ionizing radiation. (auanet.org)
  • A PUBMED-based literature search was performed to identify model inputs, specifically detection rates of upper tract malignancy in gross hematuria patients stratified by age and gender, age and gender distribution of gross hematuria patients, sensitivity of renal ultrasound for detection of upper tract malignancy, loss of life expectancy from a secondary malignancy diagnosis, and CTU effective radiation dose. (auanet.org)
  • Patients with gross hematuria have a prevalence of upper tract urothelial carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma of 0.63% and 1.2%, respectively. (auanet.org)
  • This model suggests that in low-risk patients, CTU for evaluation of gross hematuria may carry a significant risk of radiation-induced secondary malignancy relative to the number of additional cases of upper tract malignancy detected. (auanet.org)
  • Both types of hematuria can be brought on by a number of conditions including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, trauma to the urinary system, kidney disorders, obstructions of the urinary tract, drugs, and some medical procedures. (com.pk)
  • Healthcare professionals also employ other terminology to distinguish between various types of hematuria. (carepatron.com)
  • First, distinguish different types of hematuria based on the accompanying symptoms of hematuria. (funtoy.com)
  • In some cases IgA nephropathy may present with only microscopic hematuria, asymptomatic microscopic hematuria and proteinuria, acute nephritic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome, or a mixed nephritis-nephrotic syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • Evaluation of asymptomatic, atraumatic hematuria in children and adults. (medscape.com)
  • Feld LG, Stapleton FB, Duffy L. Renal biopsy in children with asymptomatic hematuria or proteinuria: survey of pediatric nephrologists. (medscape.com)
  • Stratifying risk of urinary tract malignant tumors in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. (medscape.com)
  • 6. Halpern JA, Chughtai B, Ghomrawi H. Cost-effectiveness of common diagnostic approaches for evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria. (consultant360.com)
  • 7. Subak LL, Grady D. Asymptomatic microscopic hematuria-rethinking the diagnostic algorithm. (consultant360.com)
  • Urinalysis usually reveals microscopic hematuria and sometimes proteinuria. (medscape.com)
  • Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy is deposition of IgA immune complexes in glomeruli, manifesting as slowly progressive hematuria, proteinuria, and, often, renal insufficiency. (msdmanuals.com)
  • however, most other glomerular causes of hematuria are accompanied by proteinuria. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Quigley R. Evaluation of hematuria and proteinuria: how should a pediatrician proceed? (medscape.com)
  • Proteinuria and hematuria in schoolchildren: epidemiology and early natural history. (medscape.com)
  • Dipstick Test for Hematuria, Proteinuria). (geometry.net)
  • Yield of urinary tract cancer diagnosis with repeat CT urography in patients with hematuria. (umassmed.edu)
  • In this video, Yair Lotan, MD , University of Texas Southwestern Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the randomized STRATA trial (NCT03988309), which is comparing the genomic urine test Cxbladder with standard of care in patients with hematuria who are being evaluated for urothelial carcinoma. (urologytimes.com)
  • Surgery is not the first-line treatment option for patients with hematuria. (wikidoc.org)
  • For instance, hematuria from a urinary tract infection (UTI) is treated with antibiotics. (kidshealth.org)
  • Hematuria causes range from common conditions like a urinary tract infection (UTI) to more serious and rare diseases like bladder or kidney cancer. (urology-clinics.com)
  • The most common cause of hematuria in children is a urinary tract infection. (bkkkids.com)
  • In addition to urinary tract infection, other causes of hematuria include inflammation of the urinary tract, wounds in the genital organs or the urinary tract, injuries caused by an accident, excessive urinary calcium excretion, stones in urinary tract, or abnormalities in the blood vessels of the urinary tract or urinary bladder. (bkkkids.com)
  • Causes of hematuria could be a urinary tract infection, kidney stones, interstitial cystitis, or a urologic cancer originating somewhere in the urinary tract. (urologycare.com)
  • Many causes may present as either visible hematuria or microscopic hematuria, and so the differential diagnosis is frequently organized based on glomerular and non-glomerular causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis Lupus nephritis Henoch-Shonlein purpura Nephritic syndrome Nephrotic syndrome Polycystic kidney disease Idiopathic hematuria Visible blood clots in the urine indicate a non-glomerular cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hematuria is likely related to deposition of IgA immune complexes and associated inflammatory processes in the glomerular mesangium. (medscape.com)
  • Thin-glomerular-basement-membrane nephropathy: is it a benign cause of isolated hematuria? (geometry.net)
  • The test helps differentiate between glomerular and non-glomerular causes of hematuria. (seekhealthz.com)
  • The results are interpreted to determine if the hematuria is primarily glomerular (originating from the kidneys) or non-glomerular (originating from the bladder or lower urinary tract). (seekhealthz.com)
  • This ICD-10 code should be used for patients who have been confirmed to have recurrent and persistent hematuria accompanied by the complication of minor glomerular abnormality. (carepatron.com)
  • Similar to the previous code (Item 1), this code is used for recurrent and persistent hematuria, but in this case, it is associated with complications of focal and segmental glomerular lesions. (carepatron.com)
  • In non glomerular hematuria, red blood cells in the urine are mostly in normal or approximately normal morphology. (funtoy.com)
  • Menstruation in women may also cause the appearance of hematuria and may result in a positive urine dipstick test for hematuria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Why is the three tube test for hematuria done? (seekhealthz.com)
  • In rare cases, hematuria can be a sign of kidney cancer or bladder cancer, a blood disease, or a blood clot. (kidshealth.org)
  • Urine test screens for bladder cancer in hematuria. (geometry.net)
  • Common causes of haematuria include kidney or bladder cancer, stones in the kidney or bladder, kidney diseases such as glomerulonephritis. (medneg.com.au)
  • Since the underlying cause can be benign or serious, hematuria should always be checked out. (roshanpatelmd.com)
  • Even if you think your hematuria is benign or caused by a food, you should get it checked out. (roshanpatelmd.com)
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia: Rule out other causes of hematuria. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Kids with hematuria that doesn't go away, who have protein in the urine , and/or high blood pressure should see a nephrologist (a doctor who specializes in kidney care). (kidshealth.org)
  • Patient information on haematuria is available from EdRenINFO , our web pages containing information about kidney diseases for patients, doctors and all medical staff. (edren.org)
  • Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Palliation of Hematuria Arising From Urothelial Carcinoma of the Kidney in Unfavorable Surgical Candidates. (umassmed.edu)
  • Other reasons for hematuria include kidney disease, disorders such as lupus or sickle cell disease, and cancer of any of the urinary system structures. (roshanpatelmd.com)
  • In either case, hematuria causes serious concern among parents about the function of the kidney and possible complications. (bkkkids.com)
  • Hematuria found in children due to problems in the urinary tract and the kidney can be roughly divided into two main groups. (bkkkids.com)
  • Kidney stones can be painful and may cause hematuria. (com.pk)
  • Various kidney conditions including glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidney's filtering units), kidney infections and polycystic kidney disease can cause hematuria. (com.pk)
  • Similar to kidney stones, stones in the bladder or kidneys can lead to hematuria. (com.pk)
  • In some cases, hematuria accompanied by underlying kidney conditions or anemia can lead to feelings of fatigue or weakness. (com.pk)
  • Common Hematuria introduced are mainly: Excess-fire Hematuria(Bloody Urine due to excess-fire), Deficiency fire Hematuria(Bloody Urine due to deficiency fire), Spleen-Kidney deficiency Hematuria(Bloody Urine due to asthenia of both the spleen and kidney), etc. (tcmfans.club)
  • In the TCM system, the pathogenic reasons of the Spleen-Kidney deficiency Hematuria type are known from various origins, mainly because of the deficiency of the spleen and kidney, Yin-deficiency of the kidney and spleen. (tcmfans.club)
  • Symptoms such as hematuria with swelling of the eyelids, face, or body, elevated blood pressure, and fever may be acute nephritis or kidney disease. (funtoy.com)
  • Inflammation of the bladder, urethra, kidney or prostate can cause haematuria. (medneg.com.au)
  • Polycystic kidney disease is a cause of haematuria and any injury to the kidneys or bladder can cause bleeding in the urine. (medneg.com.au)
  • Sometimes a CT scan of the abdomen can show the cause of the haematuria and plain x-rays of the kidney can be performed. (medneg.com.au)
  • Available at: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/hematuria.cfm. (epnet.com)
  • Male in his 50s who developed massive hematuria (as documented in this figure) one month after having undergone a deceased donor kidney transplant onto the right external iliac vessels. (mhmedical.com)
  • The use of urinary red cell morphology to determine the source of hematuria in children. (medscape.com)
  • Hematuria may also be subtle and only detectable with a microscope or laboratory test. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microscopic hematuria is when blood in the urine can be seen only with a microscope. (kidshealth.org)
  • In the case of microscopic hematuria, there may be no symptoms at all, since the blood in your urine can only be detected under a microscope. (urology-clinics.com)
  • 2. Microscopic hematuria: Red blood cells may not be seen, only under a high powered microscope. (chicagourogynecologist.com)
  • If the urine enters the blood and is centrifuged and precipitated, there are more than 2 red blood cells per high-power field of vision under the microscope, which is called hematuria. (funtoy.com)
  • Terminal Hematuria primarily at the end of the urine stream is suggestive of a lesion at the bladder trigone (bladder neck) or a posterior urethra. (seekhealthz.com)
  • Most cases involve transient microscopic hematuria that is self-limited and idiopathic. (msdmanuals.com)
  • So, you could argue that maybe there's a double standard compared to prostate markers, which also haven't necessarily done any randomized trials, but the reality is that when people sit down-and I'm on the hematuria guidelines-and look at the evidence, they [have been saying], "For us, we don't feel like it's enough to make recommendations. (urologytimes.com)
  • An enlarged prostate causing hematuria will trigger concerns about prostate cancer or require medication in an attempt to reduce its size. (urology-clinics.com)
  • Blockages in the urinary tract such as those caused by tumors, enlarged prostate or strictures (narrowing of the urinary tract) can lead to hematuria. (com.pk)
  • Raveendra Surange Introduction: Non-visible haematuria (NVH) is associated with a small risk of upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), though there is little. (karger.com)
  • Making a hematuria diagnosis requires nothing more than a simple urine test, called a urinalysis, coupled with a medical exam. (urology-clinics.com)
  • rather, it is a sign indicating that there is abnormality and suggests that the child needs to receive a diagnosis to determine its cause, find out what risk factors are present, and determine how the hematuria will harm the child. (bkkkids.com)
  • It is important to note that hematuria itself is a symptom and not a specific diagnosis. (com.pk)
  • Blood in the urine Signs and symptoms as well as diagnosis Signs and symptoms of Haematuria consist of blood in pee, pain or discomfort during peeing, regular urination, and also lower abdominal discomfort. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • Medical diagnosis of Haematuria includes a physical exam, case history testimonial, pee examinations, imaging tests, and also cystoscopy. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • Note that macroscopic haematuria carries different connotations. (edren.org)
  • The appearance of macroscopic haematuria or other urinary symptoms usually suggest a need for further urological assessment. (edren.org)
  • Especially in older patients, macroscopic hematuria appears painless, and attention should be paid to conducting various examinations to exclude malignant lesions. (funtoy.com)
  • Urinary tract injuries: Trauma or injury to the urinary tract such as from accidents or certain medical procedures can result in hematuria. (com.pk)
  • Genitourinary cancer - pelvic pain with haematuria and other obstructive urinary symptoms. (hpathy.com)
  • Request more information today about the health conditions that can cause hematuria and available treatments. (urology-clinics.com)
  • Certain medications such as blood thinners and medical treatments like radiation therapy may cause hematuria as a side effect. (com.pk)
  • Infections specifically affecting the bladder or kidneys can cause hematuria. (com.pk)
  • What can cause hematuria? (carepatron.com)
  • Four days after oocyte retrieval, she presented with massive hematuria that reappeared 6 days after oocyte retrieval. (hindawi.com)
  • This is the first report of ureteral injury after oocyte retrieval presenting itself with delayed massive hematuria and no signs of renal dysfunction or urinary leakage into retroperitoneal space. (hindawi.com)
  • We report for the first time a case of ureteral injury that presented with delayed massive hematuria without urinary tract signs of peritoneal irritation 4 and 6 days after ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval. (hindawi.com)
  • If hematuria is not accompanied by painful urination, it is called painless hematuria, which is common in nephritis, renal tuberculosis, and urological tumors. (funtoy.com)
  • A 51-year-old man presented to the urologist complaining of recurring episodes of painless hematuria. (mdct.net)
  • We will get a urinalysis for whatever reason, and it comes back with microscopic hematuria. (medscape.com)
  • Urinalysis: A basic urinalysis is typically the initial step in evaluating hematuria. (seekhealthz.com)
  • When hematuria is detected, a thorough history and physical examination with appropriate further evaluation (e.g. laboratory testing) can help determine the underlying cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evaluation of microscopic hematuria: a critical review and proposed algorithm. (umassmed.edu)
  • Variation in the intensity of hematuria evaluation: a target for primary care quality improvement. (medscape.com)
  • Evaluation of hematuria in children. (medscape.com)
  • The three-tube test is just one component of a comprehensive evaluation for hematuria. (seekhealthz.com)
  • His post operative course had been remarkable for delayed graft function, an acute right lower extremity DVT, and sporadic hematuria (at the time attributed to anticoagulation for the DVT, and subsequently re-interpreted as herald bleeds). (mhmedical.com)
  • Severe haematuria: an atypical cause of near miss in a woman with acute fatty liver of pregnancy. (bvsalud.org)
  • Other tests for haematuria include an abdominal ultrasound, which can highlight the bladder and the kidneys, a blood test called a FANA, which checks for lupus as a cause of haematuria. (medneg.com.au)
  • Our bottom-line message is that physicians need to counsel patients on hematuria with antithrombotic drugs to prevent them from ending up in hospital," senior author, Robert K. Nam, MD, Division of Urology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, told Medscape Medical News . (medscape.com)
  • The Hematuria is also known as the discharge of bloody urine or blood streaks in the urine, but with no pain during urination, or only mild distention or mild heat pain, is defined as hematuria of urine, or simply as hematuria. (tcmfans.club)
  • Excess-fire Hematuria(Bloody Urine due to excess-fire). (tcmfans.club)
  • The Excess-fire Hematuria, is also known as Hematuria of the Excess-fire type, is a type of Hematuria or Bloody Urine due to the excess-fire. (tcmfans.club)
  • Deficiency fire Hematuria(Bloody Urine due to deficiency fire). (tcmfans.club)
  • The Deficiency fire Hematuria is also known as Hematuria of the Deficiency fire type, is a type of Hematuria or Bloody Urine due to the heat-dampness. (tcmfans.club)
  • It is an obvious side effect, but the prevalence, severity, and risk factors for hematuria associated with the use of antithrombotic agents are largely unknown," Dr Nam explained. (medscape.com)
  • Intervention frequency is determined by the prevalence of infection or visible haematuria in school-age children. (who.int)
  • While hematuria in children is a fairly uncommon medical condition, urinary abnormalities are commonly found in children. (bkkkids.com)
  • The finding of microscopic hematuria as described in our patient requires obligatory and prompt urologic/radiologic follow-up. (consultant360.com)
  • For example, if a bladder infection is causing the hematuria, other symptoms might include fever , pain while peeing, and lower belly pain. (kidshealth.org)
  • it is also more common if you have experienced a recent infection or have a family history of hematuria or any condition responsible for its development. (urology-clinics.com)
  • In cases where hematuria is caused by an underlying infection additional symptoms like fever and chills may be present. (com.pk)
  • Haematuria can be triggered by a number of variables, including infection, swelling, injury, or tumors in the urinary tract. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • A positive urine dipstick test should be confirmed with microscopy, where hematuria is defined by three or more red blood cells per high power field. (wikipedia.org)
  • Again, this code corresponds to recurrent and persistent hematuria (Item 1), but in this instance, it is linked to the complication of diffuse membranous glomerulonephritis. (carepatron.com)
  • Just like the previous codes, this one pertains to recurrent and persistent hematuria (Item 1) and is associated with the complication of diffuse mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. (carepatron.com)
  • This code also applies to recurrent and persistent hematuria (Item 1) and is linked to the complication of diffuse endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis. (carepatron.com)
  • Similarly, this code addresses recurrent and persistent hematuria (Item 1) and is tied to the complication of diffuse mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis. (carepatron.com)
  • It's a great point, but anticoagulants don't excuse you from working up hematuria. (medscape.com)
  • If you look at the literature, a patient who is on anticoagulants and has hematuria tends to have better outcomes, probably because the anticoagulation actually caused them to declare themselves earlier than they otherwise would have. (medscape.com)
  • Patients on anticoagulants are more likely to have microscopic haematuria. (edren.org)
  • Hematuria-related complications were more common during exposure to anticoagulants than to antiplatelet agents, and patients experienced the lowest rates of complications during exposure to older medications ( aspirin and warfarin ). (medscape.com)
  • Hematuria microscópica: la orina contiene una cantidad muy pequeña de sangre, que no es visible a simple vista. (epnet.com)
  • Hematuria macroscópica: la orina cambia visiblemente de color por la sangre, y se ve roja o de color té. (epnet.com)
  • Por ejemplo, los cálculos renales pueden causar la presencia de sangre en la orina, junto con dolor lumbar, en el abdomen o la ingle. (epnet.com)
  • Llame al médico si advierte la presencia de sangre en la orina. (epnet.com)
  • Phillips D. Clinical Guideline on Hematuria Released by ACP. (medscape.com)
  • Medicine Central , im.unboundmedicine.com/medicine/view/5-Minute-Clinical-Consult/116258/all/Hematuria. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Haematuria is a clinical problem characterized by the visibility of blood in the pee. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • Haematuria can be an indication of a serious clinical problem, as well as it is necessary to look for clinical interest right away if you experience any kind of signs and symptoms. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • To schedule a consultation with a qualified healthcare practitioner in Highland who specializes in hematuria treatment , call (248) 453-7229 or contact Robert Grafton online . (urology-clinics.com)
  • It is important to consult a healthcare professional if you experience hematuria to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment. (com.pk)
  • It's essential to consult a healthcare professional if you experience hematuria to determine the underlying cause. (com.pk)
  • How do healthcare professionals detect hematuria? (carepatron.com)
  • Picking the ideal Private Health Care When choosing a personal healthcare provider for Haematuria treatment, it is essential to do complete research. (movinganddeliveryjournal.news)
  • Patients with sickle trait or sickle cell disease may have longstanding microscopic haematuria, presumed to be from (usually minor) ischaemic lesions in the renal pyramids or medulla. (edren.org)
  • Schistosoma haematobium , a parasitic fluke that causes significant disease in Africa (and, to a lesser extent, in India and parts of the Middle East), can invade the urinary tract, causing hematuria. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Hematuria is a sign and not a disease. (medscape.com)
  • If hematuria is accompanied by bleeding from other parts of the body, it may be caused by a blood disease. (funtoy.com)
  • Treatment of haematuria depends on the cause of the disease. (medneg.com.au)
  • Hematuria is a term used to describe blood in the urine, which occurs when the filters in the kidneys and urinary tract-which usually prevent red blood cells from entering into the urine-malfunction for a variety of reasons. (urology-clinics.com)
  • Infections in the urinary tract such as in the bladder or kidneys can cause inflammation and lead to hematuria. (com.pk)
  • Hematuria in all three samples is seen in lesions that may be anywhere above the bladder neck (bladder, ureters, or kidneys). (seekhealthz.com)
  • We're going to be recapping some of our favorite pearls on hematuria, which is a really common problem. (medscape.com)
  • Transient microscopic hematuria is particularly common in children, present in up to 5% of their urine samples. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The most common cause of microscopic hematuria is simply unknown and not a cause for concern if major problems have been ruled out. (geometry.net)