Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Cynodon: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is considered a lawn grass by some and a weed by others. It contains allergen Cyn d 7.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Festuca: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of fescue is also used with some other grasses.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Estuaries: A partially enclosed body of water, and its surrounding coastal habitats, where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers or streams. The resulting mixture of seawater and fresh water is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt. (accessed http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/estuaries/estuaries01_whatis.html)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.PanamaPopulation Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Lolium: Common member of the Gramineae family used as cattle FODDER. It harbors several fungi and other parasites toxic to livestock and people and produces allergenic compounds, especially in its pollen. The most commonly seen varieties are L. perenne, L. multiflorum, and L. rigidum.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Petroleum Pollution: Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Gulf of Mexico: A body of water located at the southeastern corner of North America. It is bordered by the states to the north of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas; by five Mexican states to the west: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan; and by Cuba to the southeast.Tidal Waves: Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.Ecological Parameter Monitoring: Ongoing collection, analysis, and interpretation of ecological data that is used to assess changes in the components, processes, and overall condition and functioning of an ECOSYSTEM.Bays: An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Celiac Disease: A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of foods containing GLUTEN, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.Phthiraptera: An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.LouisianaSalt-Tolerant Plants: Plants that can grow well in soils that have a high SALINITY.New England: The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.Atlantic OceanFresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Fundulidae: Family of small, surface-dwelling fish that inhabit fresh and brackish waters, and coastal marine areas.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Global Warming: Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Transglutaminases: Transglutaminases catalyze cross-linking of proteins at a GLUTAMINE in one chain with LYSINE in another chain. They include keratinocyte transglutaminase (TGM1 or TGK), tissue transglutaminase (TGM2 or TGC), plasma transglutaminase involved with coagulation (FACTOR XIII and FACTOR XIIIa), hair follicle transglutaminase, and prostate transglutaminase. Although structures differ, they share an active site (YGQCW) and strict CALCIUM dependence.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.AzerbaijanGravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Agricultural Irrigation: The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Snails: Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.Organic Chemicals: A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.IraqIpomoea: A plant genus in the family CONVOLVULACEAE best known for morning glories (a common name also used with CONVOLVULUS) and sweet potato.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.New JerseyEuphorbiaceae: The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.Amaranthaceae: A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.South CarolinaSulfur-Reducing Bacteria: A group of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that is able to oxidize acetate completely to carbon dioxide using elemental sulfur as the electron acceptor.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Salts: Substances produced from the reaction between acids and bases; compounds consisting of a metal (positive) and nonmetal (negative) radical. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Protocatechuate-3,4-Dioxygenase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of protocatechuate to 3-carboxy-cis-cis-muconate in the presence of molecular oxygen. It contains ferric ion. EC 1.13.11.3.Southeastern United States: The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Gallionellaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria in the order Nitrosomonadales, class BETAPROTEOBACTERIA. It contains a single genus Gallionella.AcetyleneFood Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Brachyura: An infraorder of chiefly marine, largely carnivorous CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, including the genera Cancer, Uca, and Callinectes.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Herbivory: The act of feeding on plants by animals.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Rhode IslandDiet, Gluten-Free: A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.Sulfonium Compounds: Sulfur compounds in which the sulfur atom is attached to three organic radicals and an electronegative element or radical.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Plant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)KuwaitAscomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Sulfides: Chemical groups containing the covalent sulfur bonds -S-. The sulfur atom can be bound to inorganic or organic moieties.VirginiaPublications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Aquatic Organisms: Organisms that live in water.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Proteobacteria: A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.AlabamaDNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Rhizosphere: The immediate physical zone surrounding plant roots that include the plant roots. It is an area of intense and complex biological activity involving plants, microorganisms, other soil organisms, and the soil.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.MarylandLarva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.HydrocarbonsMycological Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of fungi.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Nematoda: A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.Immunoglobulin A: Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.Enteritis: Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.Queensland: A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)BelgiumPolymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.CaliforniaWater: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.San FranciscoBirds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Oxidoreductases: The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.BrazilGenetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
... whom was one of the earlier owners of land which contains the marshes. The current marsh area covers 417 hectares (41,700 a) of ... The marshes of the lake prior to flooding were filled with wild rice stands and cranberries harvested by the native ... The original body of water consisted of the upper sections of the current lake and was more ideally a shallow marsh than an ... It is surrounded by swamps and marshes which provide ideal habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife. Lake Scugog has an array ...
... is a 2 hectare nature reserve in Cambridge. It is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, ... Flora include common spotted orchids, cuckooflowers, meadowsweets, marsh-marigolds and ragged-robins. There are also grass ...
Inside Borisovka village located fen reed-sedge marsh area of 48 hectares. Also passes through the village of Vorskla River ...
86 hectares in residential; 25 hectares in Institutional and 1,043.66 hectares in forest, rivers, marsh and swamps. There are ... Out of the total land area of 8,772 hectares; 7572 hectares is devoted to Agriculture; 33.34 hectares in Industrial; 12 ...
With a total 12 hectares of lot area. Majority of coastal edges are sandy with most marsh land areas are mangrove shores. ... Almost 30% of land area are salt marsh and inundation is present on some areas during high tide. 1,592 The main languages ...
... is a 9.9 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Needham Market in Suffolk. It is owned and maanaged by Mid Suffolk ... It has diverse fauna and flora in aquatic, marsh and scrub habitats. There are grass and tarmac paths. There is access from ...
About 4,000 hectares have been restored to wetlands Operate the marsh flow-way. Through 2010, the marsh flow-way has removed ... Dominant vegetation communities growing in flow-way cells are shallow marsh and shrub swamp species. Shallow marsh includes ... The Marsh Flow-Way, which is a constructed wetland, is located along the northwest shore of Lake Apopka and west of the Apopka- ... The Marsh Flow-Way treats water pumped into it from Lake Apopka. The lake's water has excessive amounts of phosphorus, algae ...
The Core Zone has a total area of 7.100 hectares, 4000 hectares of low tide wetlands and 3.100 hectares of land. It covers the ... The area includes land enclosed by sea dikes with fringing marshes. 'The land is also noted for the human ecological model of ... On 2 January 1989, the area of 12,000 hectare around the mouth of the Red River in Giao Thủy District located in north-east ... The Buffer Zone has a total area of 8.000 hectares. The Park is a delta and estuary islands (Ba Lat river-mouth) support ...
... is a 13.8 hectare nature reserve in Framlingham in Suffolk. It is managed by the Suffolk Wildlife Trust. This ... There are many migrating birds, and flora include marsh marigolds, ragged-robin and lady's smock. There is access from New Road ...
Its area of 4,877 hectares. Noirmoutier is referred to as the Island of Mimosas, due to the temperateness of its climate, which ... The island is predominantly salt marsh and salt banks, sand dunes and evergreen oak forests. The communes of the island are ...
Eucalyptus trees were planted on 885 hectare area and the marshes were totally drained. In 1960s the forest was further ... The marsh has been drained and the sands movement at the coast has been checked. The forest in addition to being a source of ... present watercourse of the river). After 7th century the lake was partially dried up and turned into marshes. But because of ... In 1939, the Turkish government (ministry of forestry) started a project to drain the marshes. ...
It has alluvial meadows and marshes which are rare in lowland Britain. There are areas of swamp and tall fens, with plants ... Tewinbury is a 7.5 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest near Tewin in Hertfordshire. The local planning ...
57% of the complex is classified as swamp, 39% as marsh and 4% as bog. Beginning in 1997, the town of Richmond Hill undertook a ... The drainage basin of the lake covers 260 hectares. The maximum depth of the lake is 17.4 meters. Wilcox Lake, Lake St. George ... The lake measures 1.5 kilometers across and covers 55.6 hectares, making it the largest kettle lake on the Oak Ridges Moraine. ... The total complex has some ninety individually identified wetlands, covering 102 hectares. ...
This marsh is protected by a 27 hectares (67 acres) nature preserve. There are several towns and communities near its mouth, ...
It will create and enhance grazing marsh, salt marsh and mudflat habitats; Humberhead Levels Straddling Yorkshire, Lincolnshire ... restore wetland and create or restore 15 ponds as well as creating 120 hectares of new woodland and a new seven hectare saline ... The NIA will restore 1,000 hectares of chalk grassland and encourage the return of the Duke of Burgundy butterfly and several ... The project will recreate and restore 1,000 hectares of priority habitat and restore the much wider catchment area of the River ...
The wetland is a shrub dominated fresh water marsh with a sandy-clay bed. It lies in a sump that is slightly undulating ... The station also contains the 13,500 hectares (33,359 acres) Thundelarra Lignum Swamp. ... Donald Beaton, E.A Marsh and H. Stanbridge were empanelled on the jury to conduct an inquest to the mans death. They determined ...
It comprises 270 hectares (670 acres) of grazing marsh, woodland and farmland. The woodland forms High Halstow Nature Reserve ( ... or marsh fever, the names for malaria, which proliferated in the North Kent Marshes and waterlogged farmland, a stronghold of ... Many other birds, such as little egrets, avocets and marsh harriers, can also be seen in the reserve. This site was scheduled ... Northward Hill, was known once locally as "the Norrards". Beyond it on the marsh is a disused experimental radar station, now ...
95.9 hectares in size, the wetland is 95% swamp, and 0.5% marsh. The township comprises the communities of Burnley, Carmel, ... The Millvalley Hills Forest is a 297 hectare forest located within the Township of Alnwick/Haldimand. The dominant trees ... the 40.5 hectares (100 acres) Sugar Island 37A Indian Reserve (44°13′N 78°8.25′W / 44.217°N 78.13750°W / 44.217; -78.13750 ... and occupies a total area of 1,199.8 hectares (2,965 acres). They also maintain a smaller parcel of land on nearby Sugar Island ...
Hilly Fields is a 37.5 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Colchester, Essex. It is owned and managed by Colchester Borough Council ... The site has diverse habitats of grassland, woods, hedges, scrub, ponds and marsh. The grassland is grazed by rabbits, and ...
It has a reedbed, dykes, and marshes where wildfowl breed. Flora include ragged robin and southern marsh orchid. There is ... Leathes Ham is a 6 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Lowestoft in Suffolk. It is owned by Waveney District Council. In the ...
There are also areas of swamp and marsh. The main plants in grassland areas include sweet vernal grass and meadow foxtail, and ... Sarratt Bottom in Sarratt in Hertfordshire contains a 3.2 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest. The site is a ... marsh horsetail and common spike-rush are common in damper areas. The site has hedgehogs and a wide variety of wetland birds ...
It is 214.6 hectares (530 acres) in size. The marshes are characterised by mesotrophic grassland on a river valley flood plain ... The marshes are sedge dominated, and these include common sedge, carnation sedge, flea sedge, and star sedge. Tawny sedge and ... The open water and grassland areas of Achanalt marshes support an array of nesting birds. Waders include common sandpiper, ... There are two waterlogged Carex Juncus communities that include bottle sedge, marsh pennywort, and bogbean. In a relatively ...
It has an area of about 1,500 hectares (3,700 acres). There is a visitor center where videos and slides of the park are shown ... It protects an area of dunes, lagoons and marshes along the Atlantic shore. The Paulo César Vinha State Park is in the ... Vegetation includes dry forest, permanently flooded forest, herbaceous marsh and open formations. Threatened species include ...
On 29 March 2017, Point Pelee's marsh land was involved in a fire causing over 125 hectares of marsh habitat to be destroyed. ... "125 hectares of marsh land destroyed by fire at Point Pelee National Park". Windsor Star. 30 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March ... Most of the park (about 1,113 hectares (2,750 acres) or 70% of the park consists of marsh, dominated by cattails and ponds ... The diversity of vegetation in the marsh is the highest along the edge of the marsh ponds and in the transitional zones between ...
Only about 100 of the lakes has an area greater than 10 hectares. The cover of the park is 85% forest, 9% marsh, and 6% lakes ...
Hansen, Holger; Marsh, Sarah (6 January 2013). Tim Dobbyn (ed.). "New Berlin airport further delayed to 2014". Reuters.. ... To the north is the BER Business Park Berlin with a planned area of 109 hectares (270 acres) for industrial and commercial use ... Situated directly at the terminal complex will be the BER Airport City with an area of 16 hectares (40 acres). Marketing of the ...
The berm runs through Eagle Marsh, in the midwestern state of Indiana. During large floods, the 290-hectare wetland drains into ... First and foremost, it was working in a marsh. We had restored it as a wetland and it was now moving a large volume of dirt ... They are already in the Wabash River, which flows into Eagle Marsh. The silver fish, which easily grow to the size of house ... During heavy rainfall or rapid snow melt, the marsh connects the Wabash to the Maumee River, which in turn empties into Lake ...
Encompasses ~70,400 acres (28,500 hectares) at mean high tide. Has three major habitat types - salt marsh, intertidal flats and ... Consequently, the ultimate ecological value of primary production in marshes occurs when detritus of marsh plant origin enters ... Estuaries include three habitat types: open water, intertidal mudflats and salt marshes which are discussed separately. ... This plant life includes grasses, rushes, sedges of estuarine marshes, benthic algae (diatoms), epi-benthic algae, and eelgrass ...
hectares. Almost 70 % of the area is overgrown by specific plants of the salt marsh. The residual 30 % consists of [[Tidal ... Salt marshes evolve over time from young marshes to old marshes. The natural young marshes in eastern USA consist for the ... Salt marshes evolve over time from young marshes to old marshes. The natural young marshes in eastern USA consist for the ... Salt marshes evolve over time from young marshes to old marshes. The young marshes consist for the largest part of low ...
About 4,000 hectares have been restored to wetlands Operate the marsh flow-way. Through 2010, the marsh flow-way has removed ... Dominant vegetation communities growing in flow-way cells are shallow marsh and shrub swamp species. Shallow marsh includes ... The Marsh Flow-Way, which is a constructed wetland, is located along the northwest shore of Lake Apopka and west of the Apopka- ... The Marsh Flow-Way treats water pumped into it from Lake Apopka. The lakes water has excessive amounts of phosphorus, algae ...
The first area to be drained and reclaimed for farming is a 7,200-acre (2,915-hectare) municipally drained polder south-west of ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holland Marsh.. *Black Magic (archival video about Holland Marsh area), 1974, Archives ... According to the Ontario government Holland Marsh Schedule 3 Greenbelt map, all of Holland Marsh - whether designated ... a b c d Brownell, Evelyn and Scott, Gordon, "A Study of Holland Marsh, its Reclamation and Development", August, 1949, ...
Approximately 2000 acres (800 hectares) of flatwoods, dry prairie, and marshes are burned annually. Some areas (200 acres; 80 ... Approximately 8000 acres (3237 hectares) of flatwoods, dry prairie, and marshes are burned annually. A timber management ... Over the next five years, at least 1000 acres (404 hectares) of overgrown dry prairie habitat will be roller-chopped annually ... Approximately 12,000 acres (4856 hectares) of the park are burned annually to maintain fire-dependent communities such as dry ...
... whom was one of the earlier owners of land which contains the marshes. The current marsh area covers 417 hectares (41,700 a) of ... The marshes of the lake prior to flooding were filled with wild rice stands and cranberries harvested by the native ... The original body of water consisted of the upper sections of the current lake and was more ideally a shallow marsh than an ... It is surrounded by swamps and marshes which provide ideal habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife. Lake Scugog has an array ...
It is 66 hectares (163 acres) in extent. It was designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in 1954, and in 1986 ... Salthouse Marshes is a reserve near Cley next the Sea in the county of Norfolk, England. Norfolk Wildlife Trust owns and ... "Salthouse Marshes". Nature reserves. Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 30 July 2012 "North Norfolk Coast" (PDF). SSSI citations ... it was subsumed into the 7,700-hectare (19,000-acre) North_Norfolk Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest. The larger area ...
In optimal habitats such as reedy marshes, muskrat population densities can reach 85 animals per hectare. Sometimes, ... In optimal habitats such as reedy marshes, muskrat population densities can reach 85 animals per hectare. Sometimes, ... They are found in marshes, quiet streams, and ponds through most of North America N of Mexico, but are absent from the extreme ... Muskrats are found in marshes, swamps, and other types of static, open-water wetlands , where they build family houses made of ...
ROWSLEY - BACCHUS MARSH DISTRICT - 269 ACRES (108 HECTARES). IDEAL FARMING / ENVIRONMENTAL OPPORTUNITY.. * Nestled in the heart ... 71 Milburn Total Area: 3.49 Hectares (8.63 acres) approx.($1,300,000). -127 Milburn Road Total Area: 4.4498 Hectares (11.11 ... With the minimum area of 4 hectares for which no permit is required to use the land for a dwelling you can start enjoying the ... 21 ACRES - 8.5 HECTARES * Superb Iconic "Avenue of Honour" location - Lerderderg river frontage * Renowned choice fertile soils ...
Wetland area in Bangladesh is 29 million hectares which is 19.65% of total area. It is good habitat for various types of ... Project background: Wetlands are defined as the areas consisting of marsh, fen, peat land or water bodies, whether natural or ...
The fresh water drove crabs, shrimp and fish out of bays and marshes and into saltier water where they can survive. Another ... Another blaze in neighboring New South Wales burned more than 138,000 acres (56,000 hectares). Hundreds of people had to be ... North America: US: THousands were evacuated at the port in Marsh Harbour, a Bahamian island community wrecked by Hurricane ... Bolivia: Wildfires destroyed about five million acres (two million hectares) of forest where authorities were putting out fires ...
The 729-acre (295-hectare) parcel has been owned by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) since 1994. The goal of the preserve is to ... and uplands will be kept in a forested condition to protect the propertys marsh from sedimentation runoff. In addition, TNC ... 1 hectare (ha)). The Service contracted with the Maryland Geological Survey to delineate the recharge areas of the six Kenks ... protect the mature coastal plain forest and freshwater tidal marsh (Truslow 2017a, pers. comm.). ...
The coastal marshes abound in wildfowl. Stone, coal, and iron, mined chiefly in the west of Maryland, are much less significant ... The 12,000-acre (4,856-hectare) National Agricultural Research Center is located at Beltsville. Economy. Although the fishing ... Maryland has nearly 3 million acres (l.2 million hectares) of forest land.. Annapolis, with its well-preserved Colonial ...
Salt marshes in Scotland are worth about €1,000 ($1,555) per hectare to the regions mussel industry.. Tourists visiting ... Every day, 113 hectares (279 acres) of land disappear under asphalt and concrete.. The global situation is equally alarming. ... Deep in the jungle, in the mountains above the tiny village of Golfito, Jorge Marin Picado keeps watch over 46 hectares (114 ... The company has paid $2 million (€1.3 million) to the Brazilian state of Amazonas to protect the 589,000-hectare (1.45 million- ...
IM Marsh. The IM Marsh Campus offers a range of sporting facilities set within 7.5 hectares of green space. It is located in ... Take a virtual tour of our facilities in the Tom Reilly Building, Primrose Hill, Life Sciences Building, IM Marsh Campus and ... The campus is historically significant as Miss Irene M. Marsh set up her training college for women PE teachers on this site ... As part of the Universitys exciting capital development plans, courses currently based at IM Marsh are due to move into the ...
This 38-hectare space has walking trails through forest and saltwater marsh, plus a large pond. Locals know the park as the " ... Spanning six hectares in the middle of the city, the Halifax Public Gardens is one of North Americas finest formal Victorian ... Across the harbour in Dartmouth, Shubie Park is a 16-hectare greenway bounded by Charles Lake to the north and Lake Micmac to ...
The pasture territories of the Central Kyzylkum are distributed on sandy soils (14%), salt marshes (6%), gravellyloamy gray- ... The area of salt marshes and riparian forests is low (5% - 6%) and they are considered as a new map-units, which are not ... The total area of desert pastures in the Union of Independent States (UIS) is about 180 million hectares and is used all year ... The proportion of forage plants is 69%. The yield of pasture type is low-average seasonal yield of only 130 kg per hectare. ...
17 618,000 hectares of the Everglades National Park (Davis et al. 1994) Wet graminoid communities provide habitat shelter and ... Freshwater sawgrass marsh and wet prairies cover about 44% of the Everglades (Davis et al. 1994) Sawgrass marshes are ... CM Tall sawgrass marsh CWP Short sawgrass wet prairie MWP Muhlenbergia wet prairie, SCWP S chi zachyrium wet prairie, Woody W ... A. Tall sawgrass marsh B. Short sawgrass wet prairie C. Schizachyrium wet prairie D. Muhlenbergia wet prairie E. W oody ...
The lake covers approximately 14,320 hectares bordered by extensive reed marshes and reaches a depth of 10 m at the center. The ... Only 8.4 per cent (less than 400,000 hectares) of the original forest remains and only 3 per cent (or 72,263 hectares) is ... but may occur in other portions of the approximately 150 km2 of marsh surrounding the lake. The Junin rail inhabits rush marsh ... It occurs in the temperate zone, at 2,500-4,000 m (occasionally as low as 2,100 m) in savanna and páramo marshes (BirdLife ...
Discover the Lüneburg Heath and Winsen Marshes areas between 1600 and 1970 with all your senses! Simply visit our authentic ... village environment covering 12 hectares. Stroll around more than 40 historic buildings and gardens; immerse yourself in the ... buildings with stone walls in the prosperous Elbe marshes; industrialisation with its concrete building materials or the post- ...
Most of that - $176 million - will use sediment dredged from the Mississippi River to build 1,200 acres (485 hectares) of marsh ...
13 million hectares). Today, the combined flatwoods acreage has been reduced to 5.6 million (2.3 hectares) acres or ... These wetlands have a marsh-like appearance with sedges often growing throughout and wiregrasses, panic grasses, and other ... They are generally shallow and relatively small, 3-4 acres (1.2-1.6 hectares) in area and 1-2 ft (0.3-0.6 m) in depth. ...
The reserves 23,000 hectares are a rich tapestry of habitats, including savannah, thorn bush, acacia woodland, marsh, and a ... In comparison to Krugers 2 million hectares, KZNs largest reserve, Hluhluwe-iMfolozi, is a mere 96,000 hectares, but it ... By 2015, 33 percent of South Africas white rhino population was to be found within 2 million hectares of privately owned game ...
The new 3.8-million-hectare park is managed as a single ecosystem and allows free movement of animals and people around the ... Ecosystems with a high utility value include: Mangroves Forests Swamps Floodplains Natural marshes ... About 80 northern hairy-nosed wombats, for example, live in one 300-hectare site in Epping Forest National Park in central QLD ... Rubber & tropical fruits (Amazon rainforest) - net economic value of US$7000/hectare w/o harming the forest. If the same area ...
  • In recent years, experts say peat bogs have been stoking global warming through increasing greenhouse gas emissions because of massive deforestation and conversion into agricultural land and palm oil plantations, especially in Southeast Asia which accounts for a huge chunk of the world's marshes. (enn.com)
  • The ruff ( Calidris pugnax ) is a medium-sized wading bird that breeds in marshes and wet meadows across northern Eurasia . (wikipedia.org)
  • The coastal marshes abound in wildfowl. (questia.com)
  • By running experiments that simulate the world of 2100, scientists are finding answers to questions about the stability of coastal marshes, and whether they can survive sea-level rise. (si.edu)
  • The refuge, positioned along the Potomac River apart of the Chesapeake watershed, consists of oak-hickory forest, freshwater marshes, and shoreline (State Parks, 2008). (brightkite.com)
  • Regional map showing location of Dajin's Teels Marsh Lithium project. (dajin.ca)
  • Teels Marsh is a dry lake very similar to the Clayton Valley property, being that they are both closed desert basins (playas) that were mined for borax starting in the mid 1800's. (dajin.ca)
  • Image above: Aerial view of Teels Marsh, looking southwest, with Long Valley caldera and Mono Lake volcanic center visible in the background. (dajin.ca)
  • It is these volcanoes that have contributed significant volcanic ash to Teels Marsh. (dajin.ca)
  • Dajin has completed the construction of drilling pads and engineered access roads in preparation for its drilling program in the Teels Marsh valley. (dajin.ca)
  • Dajin Resources Corp. has been carrying out exploration at Teels Marsh since late 2014. (dajin.ca)
  • This model revealed that the sediment basin underneath Teels Marsh was steep-sided and more than 2 km deep. (dajin.ca)
  • In May 2016, Dajin announced the acquisition of water rights for Teels Marsh through the Nevada Division of Water Resources (NDWR). (dajin.ca)
  • Dajin is planning to drill wide diameter exploration wells at two sites: one site is located in the sub-basin at the west end of Teels Marsh, where Lithium concentrations in shallow brines sampled by augers ranges from 0.2 to 71 ppm. (dajin.ca)
  • The property called Teels Marsh West is highly prospective for Lithium brines and is located approximately 48 miles northwest of Clayton Valley and the Rockwood Lithium Mine, North America's only producing brine-based Lithium mine supporting lithium production since 1967. (canadianinsider.com)
  • It forms a lagoon-estuarine system with a wide area of marshes, islands and channels protected by robust sand ridges, which form two peninsulas (Ancão and Cacela) and five barrier islands (Barreta, Culatra, Armona, Tavira and Cabanas). (europa.eu)
  • The remaining ponds probably will be converted or will return to tidal marsh once salt production is terminated. (usgs.gov)
  • A number of concerns face resource agencies responsible for managing or converting salt ponds to tidal marsh, for example, lack of scientific guidelines for conversion or management, deteriorating water-exchange capability, toxic hyper-saline water, levee integrity, invasive species, and so on. (usgs.gov)
  • The water-filled potholes and sloughs of the prairies may resemble ponds or marshes, depending on their characteristics and specific locations. (hww.ca)
  • Lying within the estuary of the Guadalquivir River, the park covers over 110,000 hectares and includes dunes, marshes, temporary ponds, Mediterranean scrub and pine forests. (unenvironment.org)
  • The group brought in the water buffaloes from a special breeder in France so they would graze threatened tracts of fens and remnant inland salt marshes, as German cows have long since lost their affinity for grazing in such wet or nutrient-poor environments. (yale.edu)
  • The crocodiles were released in the Wildlife Refuge Channels of Hanabana (Refugio de Fauna Canales de Hanábana) - a 570 hectare (1,400 acre) mosaic of water channels, lagoons, marsh grasslands, and swamp forests in the easternmost Zapata Peninsula where Cuban crocodiles historically occurred. (phys.org)
  • Consequently, the ultimate ecological value of primary production in marshes occurs when detritus of marsh plant origin enters the food web of the estuary. (fws.gov)
  • This article describes the habitat of the salt marshes. (marinespecies.org)
  • Salt marshes are defined as natural or semi-natural terrestrial '''halophytic''' ecosystems. (marinespecies.org)
  • plankton]] and small fishes are flushed in and out the salt marshes. (marinespecies.org)
  • Although sediment is a prerequisite for their growth in height and width, salt marsh communities can occur in areas with limited or no sediment supply. (marinespecies.org)
  • this invloves allowing low-lying coastal areas to be flooded by the sea to become salt marshes. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • salt marshes are effective barriers to the sea. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • Minas Basin also contains about 1,330 hectares of low salt marsh, almost 80% of which is concentrated around the Southern Bight, that is regularly flooded by the tide. (bofep.org)
  • If the scheme is approved, the mitigation works will include a new 28 hectare salt marsh nature reserve either side of the new bridge with conservation management by cattle grazing. (merseyforest.org.uk)
  • It consists of 4 hectares of a salt pan and marsh system, 300 m2 of indoor tank facilities with installations for phyto- and zooplankton culture, isolated rooms for studies that require environmental control or behaviour, wet and dry laboratories. (ualg.pt)
  • Today, the reclaimed land is an ideal habitat for salt marsh birds and plants, and it is now a nature reserve. (kulturarv.dk)
  • The Cheverie Creek Salt Marsh Restoration Project began as a pilot project for the province of Nova Scotia and is the first such restoration effort to be undertaken there. (ser-rrc.org)
  • It is hoped that restoring the hydrologic integrity of the site will yield more vibrant bird and fish populations, more extensive salt-marsh vegetation, a decrease in the number of mosquitoes, and greater flushing of extant salt pannes. (ser-rrc.org)
  • Moreover, project staff worked closely with the local community and implemented a number of educational programs in order to inform the public about the importance of salt marsh ecosystems and directly involve them in the restoration process. (ser-rrc.org)
  • The salt marsh and tidal river system at the Cheverie Creek site was partially restricted by an undersized wooden culvert (1.5 m x 1 m) in the two-lane causeway (Highway 215) that crosses the mouth of the creek. (ser-rrc.org)
  • Even without the gate, though, the culvert was still too small to allow regular salt water flooding of the entire marsh, and partial obstruction by rocks and other roadway material further exacerbated the situation. (ser-rrc.org)
  • The tidal component of the system supports habitat for salt-marsh-dependent bird species such as Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow (Ammodramus nelsoni) and Willet (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus). (ser-rrc.org)
  • Visit the European Union web site at [http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/habitats/models_en.htm] to download a copy of the Habitat Management Model for the above community. (marinespecies.org)
  • In optimal habitats such as reedy marshes, muskrat population densities can reach 85 animals per hectare. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Biosphere II is a one-hectare materially closed, energetically and informationally open ecological system of seven biomes (tropical rainforest, savannah, marine, marsh, desert, intensive agriculture, and human habitat) being designed as a scientific and management tool for ecological research applicable to the biosphere of the Earth and regenerative life habitats in space or on the Moon or Mars. (nss.org)
  • Natural marsh habitats on some migration and wintering areas also have been impacted by light geese. (fws.gov)
  • Marsh- es have expanded locally along faults where hydrophytic vegetation has spread into former upland areas. (usgs.gov)
  • Lolong, the 6.09 meter crocodile netted at the Agusan Marsh last year was of the saltwater species. (inquirer.net)
  • Mason Neck contains 36 different species of trees and contains 809 hectares of hardwood trees (Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network, 2007). (brightkite.com)
  • It is home to southern Quebec's largest sprawl of Spartina marshes, which provides habitat for over 130 bird species. (naturecanada.ca)
  • Notable bird species observed here include the Black-bellied Plover, Nelson's Sparrow, Wilson's Phalarope and Marsh Wren. (naturecanada.ca)
  • On more than 800 hectares, we are now trying to create this new landscape type that is ideal for rare and endangered species - an open forest," says Andreas Schulze, project manager for Nature in the Barnim Region, a public/private partnership of local authorities, environmental organizations, organic farms, and private citizens. (yale.edu)
  • Marsh grasslands in this refuge provide crucial habitat for not only Cuban crocodiles, but prey including bird, fish and mammal species. (phys.org)
  • In samples obtained in the saline-marshes of Guérande between march and june 1980, Y. Rincé et J.M. Robert (see Bibliography ) have found 55 species. (diatomloir.eu)
  • Three euryhaline species present in the saline-marshes during the Spring and in our samples are remarkable ( Rincé & Robert 1980 ). (diatomloir.eu)
  • Cheverie Creek is predominantly high marsh, with the dominant species being Spartina patens (47% of total marsh area). (ser-rrc.org)
  • A range of high-marsh and upland-edge plant species common to Fundy marshes are also present at Cheverie Creek, including Juncus geradii, Carex paleacea, Solidago sempervirens and Ammophila breviligulata. (ser-rrc.org)
  • The first area to be drained and reclaimed for farming is a 7,200-acre (2,915-hectare) municipally drained polder south-west of the town of Bradford proper, of which 40% lies in King Township ( York Region ) and 60% in the town of Bradford West Gwillimbury ( Simcoe County ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The shuttering of the farms allowed for the St. Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD) to begin plans to convert the fields back to the marsh area it had once been. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the state's eastern shore, the 8,100-hectare Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge has lost close to one-third of its land area over the past three decades, and many once rich bottomland farms are now either waterlogged or too saline to sustain crops. (worldwatch.org)
  • The total area of desert pastures in the Union of Independent States (UIS) is about 180 million hectares and is used all year round thanks to the presence of natural fodder. (scirp.org)
  • The proposed expansion would include the Cacouna Marsh Important Bird Area site which is one of the three most vital shorebird sites on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River. (naturecanada.ca)
  • However its neighbour, Marais de Gros-Cacouna (Cacouna Marsh), is not listed as a National Wildlife Area and thus does not have the same protection. (naturecanada.ca)
  • A two-hectare wet-land, for example, can catch runoff from a 140-hectare area. (cottagelife.com)
  • The marsh project will expand marsh created below the Jean Lafitte area known as The Pen. (abc27.com)
  • Over much of its 75,000-hectare area, the water depth averages only 25 to 50 metres at low tide, but the central trench is up to 115 metres deep. (bofep.org)
  • The waterline may recede as much as 5 kilometres seaward, exposing an intertidal zone of almost 40,000 hectares, more than a third of the Basin s total area. (bofep.org)
  • The combined area of the Minas Basin and Channel is about 190,000 hectares. (bofep.org)
  • A swamp is essentially a wooded marsh, a waterlogged area supporting trees, tall shrubs, herbs, and mosses. (hww.ca)
  • The remaining area is made up of a gently rolling coastal plain as well as a marine part that covers some 24,500 hectares. (environment.gov.za)
  • During this period, the area occupied by mangrove forests south of about 30° N latitude, where Saint Augustine sits, grew by around 1,200 hectares, or 12 square kilometers. (sciencenews.org)
  • THE ISSUE: An Ontario government land use planning process called 'Lands For Life' is about to make a decision on how much land to permanently protect across a landbase spanning 45 MILLION hectares (an area larger than California or twice the size of Britain), 40 million hectares of which is PUBLIC land. (oikos.org)
  • Covering a land area of nearly 40 million hectares (an area twice the size of Britain or equal in size to the entire state of California), this process was mandated to achieve three primary goals: (1) complete Ontario's system of parks and protected areas, (2) recognize the land use needs of resource-based tourism and (3) provide greater certainty on the intervening landscape for the forest industry. (oikos.org)
  • Spring tides were restricted by as much as 1 meter, and tidal flooding was thus prevented for approximately 75% of the marsh area. (ser-rrc.org)
  • Low marsh habitat is dominated by Spartina alterniflora (18% of total marsh area). (ser-rrc.org)
  • Victoria's Central Highlands, for example, have been found to sequester around 1,900 tonnes of carbon per hectare - some of the highest rates in the world. (wwf.org.au)
  • But local DENR officials said there could be freshwater crocodiles larger than Malang, which have been living on the 220,000-hectare Liguasan Marshland straddling the provinces of North Cotabato, Maguindanao and Sultan Kudarat. (inquirer.net)
  • Indonesia has also lost a huge chunk of peat under a project to convert about 1 million hectares of peat swamp forests into rice fields in the mid 90s, dubbed the Mega Rice Project. (enn.com)
  • Much of the Basin s original high marsh has long been dyked and drained for agricultural use. (bofep.org)
  • A further 100 hectares or so of restored gravel pits to the south of Mons Pool will be added to the reserve between 2015 and 2020, when further extraction has been completed. (attenboroughnaturecentre.co.uk)
  • One initiative, Rewilding Europe , led by conservation groups such as WWF, aims by 2020 to rewild 1 million hectares of land spread across 10 reserves, from Spain, to the Danube, to the Carpathian Mountains. (yale.edu)
  • Hernand Dapudong, a member of the municipal disaster risk reduction and management council, said about midnight on Tuesday, the reptile - touted to be the largest freshwater crocodile in captivity caught from Liguasan Marsh so far - "strolled" towards the town plaza and was eventually recaptured on the road leading to the public market. (inquirer.net)
  • MNNWR is 941 hectares in size, and is the largest freshwater marsh in Northern Virginia with 115 hectares and nearly 16 kilometers of shoreline (State Parks, 2008). (brightkite.com)
  • This funding will enable the construction of one of the largest marsh restoration projects in Louisiana history," said Bren Haase, CPRA's executive director. (abc27.com)
  • CEMEX has been working in partnership with the RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds) for more than 7 years to increase the biodiversity of its land holdings and to date has completed over 900 hectares (approximately 1,500 football pitches) of biodiversity restoration. (cemex.co.uk)
  • Marshes are also chock full of carbon, as well as pollut-ants trapped in sediments. (cottagelife.com)
  • But peatlands across the world are more than just simple marsh land: they are one of the largest carbon stores on earth and play a significant role in the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions and global climate change. (enn.com)
  • This first South African biosphere reserve covers 103,629 hectares, where more than 80% consist of mountainous landscape with high mountain peaks and deep valleys to gentle hills and lower mountain slopes. (environment.gov.za)