Heat Stress Disorders: A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.Heat-Shock Proteins: Proteins which are synthesized in eukaryotic organisms and bacteria in response to hyperthermia and other environmental stresses. They increase thermal tolerance and perform functions essential to cell survival under these conditions.Heat Stroke: A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.Heat-Shock Response: A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive heat. Responses include synthesis of new proteins and regulation of others.Heat Exhaustion: A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins: A class of MOLECULAR CHAPERONES found in both prokaryotes and in several compartments of eukaryotic cells. These proteins can interact with polypeptides during a variety of assembly processes in such a way as to prevent the formation of nonfunctional structures.Extreme Heat: High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins: A class of MOLECULAR CHAPERONES whose members act in the mechanism of SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION by STEROID RECEPTORS.HSP72 Heat-Shock Proteins: Stress-inducible members of the heat-shock proteins 70 family. HSP72 heat shock proteins function with other MOLECULAR CHAPERONES to mediate PROTEIN FOLDING and to stabilize pre-existent proteins against aggregation.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Thermal Conductivity: The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Sweating: The process of exocrine secretion of the SWEAT GLANDS, including the aqueous sweat from the ECCRINE GLANDS and the complex viscous fluids of the APOCRINE GLANDS.Lactams, Macrocyclic: LACTAMS forming compounds with a ring size of approximately 1-3 dozen atoms.HSC70 Heat-Shock Proteins: A constitutively expressed subfamily of the HSP70 heat-shock proteins. They preferentially bind and release hydrophobic peptides by an ATP-dependent process and are involved in post-translational PROTEIN TRANSLOCATION.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Heating: The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Benzoquinones: Benzene rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.Hyperthermia, Induced: Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Molecular Chaperones: A family of cellular proteins that mediate the correct assembly or disassembly of polypeptides and their associated ligands. Although they take part in the assembly process, molecular chaperones are not components of the final structures.Calorimetry: The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes, such as chemical reactions, changes of state, and formations of solutions, or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances. The fundamental unit of measurement is the joule or the calorie (4.184 joules). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Chaperonins: A family of multisubunit protein complexes that form into large cylindrical structures which bind to and encapsulate non-native proteins. Chaperonins utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis to enhance the efficiency of PROTEIN FOLDING reactions and thereby help proteins reach their functional conformation. The family of chaperonins is split into GROUP I CHAPERONINS, and GROUP II CHAPERONINS, with each group having its own repertoire of protein subunits and subcellular preferences.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.HSP40 Heat-Shock Proteins: A family of heat-shock proteins that contain a 70 amino-acid consensus sequence known as the J domain. The J domain of HSP40 heat shock proteins interacts with HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. HSP40 heat-shock proteins play a role in regulating the ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATASES activity of HSP70 heat-shock proteins.Thermosensing: The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.HSP20 Heat-Shock Proteins: A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins that are closely related to ALPHA B-CRYSTALLIN. Hsp20 heat-shock proteins can undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by CYCLIC GMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Chaperonin 10: A group I chaperonin protein that forms a lid-like structure which encloses the non-polar cavity of the chaperonin complex. The protein was originally studied in BACTERIA where it is commonly referred to as GroES protein.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Protein Denaturation: Disruption of the non-covalent bonds and/or disulfide bonds responsible for maintaining the three-dimensional shape and activity of the native protein.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Nociceptors: Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional: Electrophoresis in which a second perpendicular electrophoretic transport is performed on the separate components resulting from the first electrophoresis. This technique is usually performed on polyacrylamide gels.alpha-Crystallin B Chain: One of the alpha crystallin subunits. In addition to being expressed in the lens (LENS, CRYSTALLINE), alpha-crystallin B chain has been found in a variety of tissues such as HEART; BRAIN; MUSCLE; and KIDNEY. Accumulation of the protein in the brain is associated with NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES such as CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME and ALEXANDER DISEASE.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Pain Threshold: Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)HSP30 Heat-Shock Proteins: A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins found in a wide variety of organisms.HSP47 Heat-Shock Proteins: Basic glycoprotein members of the SERPIN SUPERFAMILY that function as COLLAGEN-specific MOLECULAR CHAPERONES in the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Arsenites: Inorganic salts or organic esters of arsenious acid.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Sigma Factor: A protein which is a subunit of RNA polymerase. It effects initiation of specific RNA chains from DNA.Thermogenesis: The generation of heat in order to maintain body temperature. The uncoupled oxidation of fatty acids contained within brown adipose tissue and SHIVERING are examples of thermogenesis in MAMMALS.Thermography: Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.Escherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.Crystallins: A heterogeneous family of water-soluble structural proteins found in cells of the vertebrate lens. The presence of these proteins accounts for the transparency of the lens. The family is composed of four major groups, alpha, beta, gamma, and delta, and several minor groups, which are classed on the basis of size, charge, immunological properties, and vertebrate source. Alpha, beta, and delta crystallins occur in avian and reptilian lenses, while alpha, beta, and gamma crystallins occur in all other lenses.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Spores, Bacterial: Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.HeLa Cells: The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.Dehydration: The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.Hyperalgesia: An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Sterilization: The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.alpha-Crystallins: A subclass of crystallins that provides the majority of refractive power and translucency to the lens (LENS, CRYSTALLINE) in VERTEBRATES. Alpha-crystallins also act as molecular chaperones that bind to denatured proteins, keep them in solution and thereby maintain the translucency of the lens. The proteins exist as large oligomers that are formed from ALPHA-CRYSTALLIN A CHAIN and ALPHA-CRYSTALLIN B CHAIN subunits.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Clothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Shivering: Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Sodium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain sodium as an integral part of the molecule.Thermoreceptors: Cellular receptors which mediate the sense of temperature. Thermoreceptors in vertebrates are mostly located under the skin. In mammals there are separate types of thermoreceptors for cold and for warmth and NOCICEPTORS which detect cold or heat extreme enough to cause pain.Phosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Spores: The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.Protein Biosynthesis: The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.TRPV Cation Channels: A subgroup of TRP cation channels named after vanilloid receptor. They are very sensitive to TEMPERATURE and hot spicy food and CAPSAICIN. They have the TRP domain and ANKYRIN repeats. Selectivity for CALCIUM over SODIUM ranges from 3 to 100 fold.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Thermometers: Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Protein Folding: Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.TrehaloseApoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.Calorimetry, Differential Scanning: Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Convection: Transmission of energy or mass by a medium involving movement of the medium itself. The circulatory movement that occurs in a fluid at a nonuniform temperature owing to the variation of its density and the action of gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed; Webster, 10th ed)Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Quinones: Hydrocarbon rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Infrared Rays: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.Physical Stimulation: Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.Water Loss, Insensible: Loss of water by diffusion through the skin and by evaporation from the respiratory tract.Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Enzyme Stability: The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Immunoblotting: Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Capsaicin: An alkylamide found in CAPSICUM that acts at TRPV CATION CHANNELS.Computers, Analog: Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.Neoplasm Proteins: Proteins whose abnormal expression (gain or loss) are associated with the development, growth, or progression of NEOPLASMS. Some neoplasm proteins are tumor antigens (ANTIGENS, NEOPLASM), i.e. they induce an immune reaction to their tumor. Many neoplasm proteins have been characterized and are used as tumor markers (BIOMARKERS, TUMOR) when they are detectable in cells and body fluids as monitors for the presence or growth of tumors. Abnormal expression of ONCOGENE PROTEINS is involved in neoplastic transformation, whereas the loss of expression of TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEINS is involved with the loss of growth control and progression of the neoplasm.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Skin Physiological Phenomena: The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Rifabutin: A broad-spectrum antibiotic that is being used as prophylaxis against disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection in HIV-positive patients.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Up-Regulation: A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Blotting, Northern: Detection of RNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.Hydrogen Peroxide: A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Tumor Cells, Cultured: Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.Picolinic AcidsEnzyme Activation: Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.Osmotic Pressure: The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Cytosol: Intracellular fluid from the cytoplasm after removal of ORGANELLES and other insoluble cytoplasmic components.Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Bacillus subtilis: A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Rewarming: Application of heat to correct hypothermia, accidental or induced.Agrostis: A plant genus of the family POACEAE.Adenosine Triphosphatases: A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Chromatography, Gel: Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.Cricetinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Solar Energy: Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nerve Fibers, Unmyelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the unmyelinated nerve fibers are small in diameter and usually several are surrounded by a single MYELIN SHEATH. They conduct low-velocity impulses, and represent the majority of peripheral sensory and autonomic fibers, but are also found in the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD.Cytoplasm: The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Cytoprotection: The process by which chemical compounds provide protection to cells against harmful agents.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Mice, Inbred C57BLDrosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Tuna: Common name for various species of large, vigorous ocean fishes in the family Scombridae.Microwaves: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum from the UHF (ultrahigh frequency) radio waves and extending into the INFRARED RAYS frequencies.Cadmium Chloride: A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, methanol, and ethanol. It is used in photography, in dyeing, and calico printing, and as a solution to precipitate sulfides. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)ManikinsCycloheximide: Antibiotic substance isolated from streptomycin-producing strains of Streptomyces griseus. It acts by inhibiting elongation during protein synthesis.Genes, Fungal: The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.Desiccation: Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).beta-Galactosidase: A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.Ultraviolet Rays: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.Fibroblasts: Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.Mitochondria: Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Prostaglandins A: (13E,15S)-15-Hydroxy-9-oxoprosta-10,13-dien-1-oic acid (PGA(1)); (5Z,13E,15S)-15-hydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,10,13-trien-1-oic acid (PGA(2)); (5Z,13E,15S,17Z)-15-hydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,10,13,17-tetraen-1-oic acid (PGA(3)). A group of naturally occurring secondary prostaglandins derived from PGE; PGA(1) and PGA(2) as well as their 19-hydroxy derivatives are found in many organs and tissues.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Enzyme Inhibitors: Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.ATP-Dependent Proteases: Proteases that contain proteolytic core domains and ATPase-containing regulatory domains. They are usually comprised of large multi-subunit assemblies. The domains can occur within a single peptide chain or on distinct subunits.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Microbial Viability: Ability of a microbe to survive under given conditions. This can also be related to a colony's ability to replicate.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.
Connolly, Rohan (12 August 2014). "Heat just got hotter". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 14 December 2016. Connolly, Rohan ( ...
Solar domestic hot water. Integrated Web based direct digital controls system and pervasive voice/data/video system with kiosk ... Nine miles of radiant heat (80 zones). 96% efficient condensing boiler plant. High performance rooftop units. ... Facilimetrix graphically depicts the buildings room temperature readings and hot water temperature readings in real-time. ...
Bathtime Fun Sing-Along Travel Songs Silly Songs Hot!/Heat! Hot!/Heat! Hot!/Heat! Dance Songs Sesame Street Platinum-All Time ...
... hot) + -i > caldi (to heat) telefon (telephone) + -i > telefoni (to telephone) Two more suffixes are -eta, which means a small ...
Hallock, Betty (December 26, 2013). "World's hottest pepper hits 2.2 million Scoville heat units". Los Angeles Times. Tu, Chau ... The official Guinness World Record heat level was 1,569,300 Scoville Heat Units (SHU) in 2013, according to tests conducted by ... "Carolina Reaper - HP22B - World's Hottest Chiles". Retrieved 2016-09-26. "'World's hottest' chilli pepper grown in St Asaph". ... The figure is an average for the tested batch; the hottest individual pepper was measured at 2.2 million SHU. At the second ...
Hot Press' Edwin McFee who wrote that its "spirit of adventure infuses the opus with a sense of fun and excitement." Caroline ... Meagher, John (2012-04-06). "Crows cover up but don't create new heat". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2012-04-06. "Review: ... McFee, Edwin (2012-03-21). "Underwater Sunshine:Crows Are Flying High on Covers Record". Hot Press. Retrieved 2012-03-23. ...
"Hot Poop! Sewage Heat to Warm Building". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2016-02-20. "TechCamp Philadelphia: nearly 20 projects launched ... This geothermal system utilizes a water source heat pump complete with a filtration device to transfer heat energy from the ... The process captures more than 80 percent of all of the available energy for heat and electricity and ultimately results in ... A sewage channel adjacent to the building transfers heat into a 1 million BTU/hour unit located in the building's basement. ...
"World's hottest pepper hits 2.2 million Scoville heat units". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 July 2014. " ... "Hottest chili". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 11 July 2014. Paul Adams (7 July 2011). "FYI: What is the Hottest Pepper in ... Its forms are varied, from large to small, sweet to sour, and very hot/pungent to bland. Despite being a single species, C. ... Official names aside, in American English, any variety lacking heat is colloquially known as a sweet pepper, and those sweet ...
Hot Press. Retrieved 2 October 2014. Byrne, George (27 April 2012). "The Radiators From Space are putting the heat back into ...
"R.S.A.G. win first Sony Ericsson Raw Sessions heat". Hot Press. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2009. "Raw Sessions: Who will ... "Listen to R.S.A.G.'s new single here". Hot Press. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010. "Choice Music Prize Shortlist". Hot Press. ... R.S.A.G. won the first heat and a prize of recording an original track at Grouse Lodge, County Westmeath. He next appeared in ... "Super Extra Bonus Party tour + single". Hot Press. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2010. The band also have the R.S.A.G.- ...
Koberstein, Paul (24 August 2005). "Hot or Not". Willamette Week. Portland, Oregon. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Knickerbocker, ... Eilperin, Juliet (17 September 2006). "Climatologist Draws Heat From Critics". Washington Post. Retrieved 20 March 2014. ...
"Climatology of heat in the southwest". National Weather Service. Retrieved January 6, 2009. Dorish, Joe. "10 All-Time Hottest ... The daily heat of the sun is stored in pavement, sidewalks, and buildings, and it is radiated back out at night. The daily ... Phoenix has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), typical of the Sonoran Desert. Phoenix has long, ... "Hot Spots 2012". NICB. Retrieved February 19, 2014. "Phoenix Number Two Kidnapping Capital as Drug Cartel Wars Intensify". Drug ...
The winners were chosen by public vote and the GPT Smokehouse were declared winners in both hot and mild categories. Media - ... "Can you take the heat? Bath Chilli Festival: Sat 26 Sep". University of Bath. Retrieved 28 December 2017. "About Us". Upton ... "Bath's Hottest Festival". Retrieved 27 September 2014. "Chilli eating competition provides Fiery Finish to the day". Retrieved ...
"Intel Haswell hotter and slower than expected". PC Pro. Retrieved 2013-10-12. "Haswell heat surprises system builders". bit- ... 15 W or 11.5W TDP processors for the Ultrabook platform (multi-chip package like Westmere) leading to reduced heat, which ... "Retail Versions of Intel Core i "Haswell" Are "Hotter and Slower" Than Expected - Report". Retrieved 13 September 2014. "Intel ... C hotter than Ivy Bridge, while clock frequencies of over 4.6 GHz are achievable 22 nm manufacturing process 3D Tri-Gate FinFET ...
Crawford, Matthew C. (5 September 2014). "Hot pepper town swept by heat wave". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 9 January 2017. " ... with intensity of 10,000 Scoville heat units. The chilli is a local speciality of Cheongyang County in South Korea. However, it ...
... heat will flow easily from the first to the second, but when the second terminal is hotter than the first, little heat will ... Drinking bird Loop heat pipe Thermosiphon Wang, Lei; Li, Baoweng (March 2008). "Phononics gets hot" (PDF). Physics World. https ... A thermal diode in this sense is a device whose thermal resistance is different for heat flow in one direction than for heat ... a heat engine working backwards as a refrigerator, such as a Peltier device (diode) A team at MIT is working for construction ...
Quach, Hanh Kim (January 26, 2006). "34th Senate race likely to get heated, expensive". The Orange County Register. Wisckol, ... Martin (October 24, 2006). "The Hot Senate Race". The Orange County Register. http://www.loucorrea.com/#!CORREA-FOR-CONGRESS/ ...
"Hot List", May 2007. "Among these 19,000 square feet of tasteful Asian-accented serenity at the Punta Cana Resort and Club, the ... "Caribbean Heat", April 2009. "In addition to featuring ESPA products, Six Senses Spa collaborated with the PUNTACANA Ecological ...
... and hot were qualities. For the Stoics, however, quality refers to white, but not whiteness; hot, but not heat. Furthermore, ... Thus, they accepted Anaxagoras' idea (as did Aristotle) that if an object is hot, it is because some part of a universal heat ...
"How Hot Is My Bottle Of Hot Sauce? - Hot Sauce Heat Scale". Retrieved 19 July 2016. https://www.bizjournals.com/baltimore/news/ ... Food portal Condiment List of hot sauces Scoville heat scale "Frank's RedHot and Wings Have History". Frank's RedHot. Retrieved ... Frank's RedHot XTRA Hot Sauce Frank's RedHot Buffalo Sandwich Sauce Frank's RedHot Chile n Lime Hot Sauce Frank's RedHot Hot ... The Original blend ranks low on the Scoville scale with 450 SHUs, but the XTRA Hot has 2,000 SHUs. It is known as the primary ...
Even the water was heating up. When I came out of the water, the whole area around the tanker trucks was on fire. It looked ... It was unbearably hot. There were bodies lying everywhere; they were completely carbonized. I believe there were about 120 ...
On 3-4 January 2013, a heat wave, which became known as the Angry Summer and which covered most of the southern and eastern ... Firefighters in the Southern half of the State were concerned that a return of the hot weather from the mainland in early ... Extensive efforts were made to control these fires before the expected heat wave at the start of January 2013. ... Staff (25 January 2013). "Hot Spots Putting Up Fight". The Mercury. Retrieved 24 June 2013. "Fires rage across Tasmania". ABC ...
... hot or not?". Nuclear Engineering International. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. "process heat applications". PBMR ... The high temperature heat can also be used to reform methane to produce syngas (where the syngas can be used as feedstock to ... Heat from the PBMR can be used for a variety of industrial process applications, including process steam for cogeneration ... In 2009 PBMR (Pty) announced that it was looking at employing the technology for process heat applications, and some pebble bed ...
Miller, Bryan (September 21, 1983). "Al over town, the culinary heat is on". New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2017. ... Kummer, Corby (September 9, 1996). "Some Like It Hot". New York Magazine. Retrieved February 18, 2017. ...
"Atlanta's Ralo Brings The Heat With His EP Diary Of The Streets II". The Fader. August 29, 2016. Retrieved September 12, 2016 ... "Ralo Talks About His Ties With Future & His Current Single Can't Lie". Hot 107.9. May 30, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2016. " ...
The department provides all-hour patrol services and has many special units: SWAT, Dive Team, D.A.R.E., Hot Spot, Commercial ... Prevailing winds from the south and southeast bring heat from the deserts of Mexico and moisture from the Gulf of Mexico.[20] ... Houston Raceway is a motorsports complex featuring National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) races and a weekly drag racing program. ...
"Hot Hot Heat, Elevator". SPIN Media LLC. Retrieved 27 August 2011. Powell, Mike (5 April 2005). "Hot Hot Heat: Elevator". ... Cober-Lake, Justin (5 April 2005). "Hot Hot Heat: Elevator". PopMatters.com. Mitchum, Rob (3 April 2005). "Hot Hot Heat: ... "Hot Hot Heat: Elevator". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2007-11-17. Press, Garett (28 November 2005). "Hot Hot ... Elevator is Hot Hot Heats second studio album, released on April 4, 2005 (see 2005 in music) internationally and a day later ...
"Hot Hot Heat Chart History (Bubbling Under Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved June 25, 2016. "Hot Hot Heat Chart History (Digital ... "Hot Hot Heat: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved June 25, 2016. "Hot Hot Heat Chart History (Alternative ... "Goodnight Goodnight" is a song by Canadian indie rock band Hot Hot Heat and is from their second album, Elevator. The song was ...
Occupational exposure to heat can result in injuries, disease, reduced productivity, and death ... Occupational Exposure to Heat and Hot Environmentspdf icon [PDF - 3.6 MB] ... Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Heat and Hot Environments. ... has evaluated the scientific data on heat stress and hot environments and has updated the Criteria for a Recommended Standard: ...
Relaxing Hot Tub, Tennis Court, Game Room, Prime Location. Escape to your own private resort style estate and experience ... We did pay for the heated pool & hot tub. However, after reading the fine print, we realized we payed an extra $500 to heat ... Enjoy the large heated pool with slide, relax in the oversized hot-tub, have a grill out under the private ramada with bar, ... 5580SF, Sleeps 12, Heated Pool, Hot Tub, Tennis, Sports Court, Putting Green. Escape to your own private resort style estate ...
RENTAL PERMIT # 2015-192641 We just completed the hot tub installation ... ... HOT TUB/HEATED SWIM.POOL, 3 HOUSES TO THE BEACH,WIFI. ... Oversize heated swimming pool (35ftx18ft) and 6-person hot tub ... HOT TUB/HEATED SWIM.POOL, 3 HOUSES TO THE BEACH,WIFI. RENTAL PERMIT # 2015-192641 We just completed the hot tub installation ... HOT TUB/HEATED SWIM.POOL, 3 HOUSES TO THE BEACH,WIFI. RENTAL PERMIT # 2015-192641 We just completed the hot tub installation ...
She compiled her research into an interactive curry heat map - charting the popular hot pockets of Britain. And the numbers are ... In Kent and Essex, and in the North West, in the likes of Lancashire and Manchester, the heat is on. But much of Wales and ... And London City trader Demmdy Basimi adds: "I was brought up eating spicy food, so for me there is nothing better than a hot ... But who enjoys the cuisines heated kick most? Manchester folk, home to the famous Curry Mile ? Or East Londons buzzing Brick ...
KELT 9bs sun blasts it with so much radiation that the planets dayside is hotter than most stars and its atmosphere is being ... Scalding hot gas giant breaks heat records. KELT 9bs temps soar higher than many stars ... The planet KELT 9b is so hot - hotter than many stars - that it shatters gas giant temperature records, researchers report ... SPACE SIZZLE KELT 9b, the hottest known gas giant, is "pretty much something out of a science fiction novel," says codiscoverer ...
Friends of the Earths groundbreaking report, Nanotechnology, climate and energy: over-heated promises and hot air?, rigorously ...
These are some of our favorite hot dishes.. This recipe, adapted from "Peppers--Hot and Chile" by Georgeanne Brennan and ... Remove glaze from heat and set aside.. Place flour and sugar in food processor fitted with metal blade. Pulse to combine. Cut ... Counter Offer : A great place for lunch where the hot.... January 24, 1991 ...
... By Kacey Deamer, Staff Writer , July 20, 2016 12:20pm ET. ... This year may be only half over, but 2016 is already on track to be the hottest year ever on record, with each of the first six ... 2016 Was Earths Hottest Year on Record, and Humans Are to Blame. LiveScience ... According to Schmidts calculations, there is a 99 percent probability that 2016, on average, will be hotter than 2015. ...
"Hot Hot Heat Ready Future Breeds". idiomag. Retrieved 2010-03-17.. *^ Hot Hot Heat (May 31, 2013). "NEW SONG: Mayor of the ... "Hot Hot Heat" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (July 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... "Hot Hot Heat - Billboard".. *^ "Media Source - Canadian Active/Alternative Charts". Mediasource.proboards.com. Retrieved 2012- ... Hot Hot Heat was a Canadian indie rock band from Victoria, British Columbia, formed in 1999. The band was signed by Seattle ...
A map created using data from a NASA satellite shows the heat wave cooking much of the United States, driving up air ... Hot or Not? US Heat Wave Mapped from Space. By Live Science Staff 2012-06-29T16:05:30Z. Planet Earth ... Suffering in the summer heat? Youre not alone. In a new map made using data compiled by a NASA satellite, a heat wave can be ... So whats with the extreme heat? This heat wave, like all major weather events, has its direct cause in a complex set of ...
Hot Brains: Manipulating Body Heat to Save the Brain. Tonse N.K. Raju ... Hot Brains: Manipulating Body Heat to Save the Brain. PEDIATRICS 2006;117:e320-e321. - May 01, 2006 ... Colloid sulfur injections, hot-water baths, and "fever cabinets" evolved.1,3,4 With the dramatic introduction of penicillin in ...
You wish you could be one of those women that always look like a summer breeze no matter how hot it is outside. Well now you ... How to look hot in the blistering heat. by Kat Hobza Aug 08, 2012 at 12:00 pm EDT ... the heat with two or three go-to skirts. As with dresses, skirts are flowing and effortless. Wearing a skirt is like walking ... If you leave long hair down on a really hot day, it can make it look like you are rockin a wool blanket on the back of your ...
A little known inventor is about to make a big splash with the worlds first hot pepper nasal spray on national ... Sinus Buster Hot Pepper Nasal Spray Heats Up The Big Idea On CNBC. ... At that moment, the idea for Sinus Buster, the worlds first hot pepper nasal spray was born. The self defense pro spent the ... A little known inventor is about to make a big splash with the worlds first hot pepper nasal spray on national cable network ...
Made with quality ceramic and heat sensitive paint the panda stays incognito. To free him simply fill with hot water and watch ... Made with quality ceramic and heat sensitive paint the panda stays incognito. To free him simply fill with hot water and watch ... Copyright Hot Topic © All Rights Reserved. If you are using a screen reader and are having problems using this website, please ... Hot Topic ships to all 50 states, APO/FPO addresses, U.S. territories and possessions and over 150+ countries. We do not ship ...
An option for hot water and central heating. I wanted hot water only so set the hot water switch to on. The problem is the ... You will either have two valves on the pipework from the boiler (one to allow hot water to heat up the hot water cylinder and ... You will either have two valves on the pipework from the boiler (one to allow hot water to heat up the hot water cylinder and ... Hot water/central heating. SkyBlu75. Sent via Official App Sent via Official App. ","close":true,"toggles":[{"className":"text ...
... MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images. Alex Swoyer. 29 Jun 2016. Washington ...
Earth just keeps getting hotter. July was the planets warmest month on record, smashing old marks, U.S. weather officials said ... The heat hit hard in much of Europe and the Middle East. It was the hottest July on record in Austria, where records go back to ... Feeling the Heat: July Hottest Month on Record. By Associated Press. Published at 11:23 AM PDT on Aug 20, 2015 , Updated at 11: ... Nine of the 10 hottest months on record have happened since 2005, according to NOAA. Twenty-two of the 25 hottest months on ...
Clearance Center Grainger Choice Hot Buys Knowledge Center Rebates Replacement Parts SupplyLink Todays Features Webinars The ... Hydronics is the use of water as a heat transfer medium. These hydronic kickspace heaters provide the perfect solution when you ... nav=%2Fcategory%2Fhydronic-kickspace-heaters%2Fhot-water-heating-and-supplies%2Fheaters%2Fhvac-and-refrigeration%2Fecatalog%2FN ...
25 and the Lakers continued their improbable surge by shredding the Miami defense on the way to a 131-113 win over the Heat on ... Lakers shred Heat defense, stay hot with easy 131-113 win. MIAMI, FL - MARCH 1: Julius Randle #30 of the Los Angeles Lakers ... Lakers shred Heat defense, stay hot with easy 131-113 win. TIM REYNOLDS (AP Basketball Writer) ... It was the most points allowed by the Heat this season.. We are much, much better than we showed tonight defensively, Heat ...
Though this heat may not be abnormal enough to warrant special attention, its hot enough that heat safety should be a ... Hot and humid: Houston braces for dangerous heat wave. By Jay R. Jordan ... As always, they urge drivers to "Look Before You Lock" and ensure no one (and no pet) is left behind in a hot car. ... Heat can be dangerous in Houston this week. Here are some tips from the National Weather Service. ...
Word To Water lyrics by Hot Hot Heat: French kiss the asses of the masses / When they ask which ways the fastest to Hong Kong ... Hot Hot Heat - Word To Water lyrics. French kiss the asses of the masses. When they ask which ways the fastest to Hong Kong.. I ... Lyrics taken from http://www.lyricsmode.com/lyrics/h/hot_hot_heat/word_to_water.html ... Hot Hot HeatHot Hot Heat - Word To Water lyrics. $album_name ...
p,Black ceramic mug from ,i,Dragon Ball Z,/i, with heat reactive Vegeta design.,/p, ,ul, ,li,Ceramic,/li, ,li,Imported,/li, ,/ ... Copyright Hot Topic © All Rights Reserved. If you are using a screen reader and are having problems using this website, please ... Hot Topic ships to all 50 states, APO/FPO addresses, U.S. territories and possessions and over 150+ countries. We do not ship ... HOT TOPIC FASHION. New Arrivals Dresses Tops Hoodies & Sweaters Outerwear Bottoms Jeans ...
Hot flashes are a well-known, frequently-complained-about source of discomfort brought on by menopause. Heres how to get ... QualityHealth Home > Menopause Health Center > Dial Down the Heat on Hot Flashes ... Though a hot flash lasts less than 10 minutes (some are a mere 30 seconds), the sudden rise in body temperature, reddening of ... Most hot flashes stop on their own over time but for severe cases, lifestyle changes, nonprescription remedies and prescription ...
  • Hot Sets 22 hair mist protects your hair from heat up to 450 degrees. (redken.com)
  • Prolonged exposure to high heat (above 90 degrees) and dehydration has serious side effects when untreated, and for racers, personal care often gets overlooked at the racetrack when work needs to be done to the car. (hotrod.com)
  • Brian Tracy first heard about Bikram yoga in 2005, when a graduate student approached the exercise scientist with an idea for studying the classes, which last for 90 minutes in a room heated to about 41 degrees. (brisbanetimes.com.au)
  • Moderately heated classes, moderate begin 80-85 degrees Fahrenheit(as in our heated and some Sattva Vinyasa classes), can facilitate beginner students in relaxing chronically contracted muscles and help them relax into the warmth of their body. (pranayogaschool.com)
  • Hot yoga is a series of yoga poses done in a heated room -- a very heated room, as in 90 to 100 degrees. (wistv.com)
  • The thermostat is set for 90 degrees, but some hot yoga classes even take it up to 105. (wistv.com)
  • In fact, this Central American native ( Capsicum chinense ) can register a whopping 50,000 units on the Scoville heat scale. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Seeds of the same Naga-Bih Jolokia pepper (sometimes also called the Bhut Jolokia) cultivated at New Mexico State University have stood-up to testing and in Fenruary 2007 a specimen registering a staggering 1,001,304 Scoville heat units was officially acclaimed by the Guinness World Record as the new worlds hottest pepper. (chilliworld.com)
  • The Scoville Chart measures the heat potency of a chile pepper by assessing the ratio of sugar water to pepper mass to neutralize the heat. (thechileguy.com)
  • After discovering that no chemical was sensitive enough to detect trace levels of capsaicin , Scoville decided that the human tongue had the sensitivity he needed to accurately determine the heat level of a chile. (thechileguy.com)
  • Using a panel of several people to conduct his tests, Scoville averaged the amount of sugar water to pepper mass it took to neutralize the heat of the chile pepper for each person. (thechileguy.com)
  • While the Scoville chart is well known and readily utilized in the chile industry, it can be difficult to assess the heat of a chile if you do not regularly deal in chiles. (thechileguy.com)
  • Private Heated Pool, Relaxing Hot Tub, Tenn. (vrbo.com)
  • Located on ocean side of South Padre Island, just 1/4 block (250 ft)to the beach and beach access - Just 3 houses separate you and the beach - Oversize heated swimming pool (35ftx18ft) and 6-person hot tub with tropical landscape to create a backyard paradise - 6 Bedroom, 4 Bathroom with billiard pool table and private heated pool - Gorgeous and professionally decorated with custom made drapery. (vrbo.com)
  • Are there any additional risk factors for heat-related illnesses that should be discussed? (cdc.gov)
  • This app provides recommendations to prevent heat-related illnesses and reduce heat stress in outdoor workers based on local weather conditions used to calculate the heat index. (cdc.gov)
  • The obese, the sick, including those with heart disease or high blood pressure, the old and the young are more vulnerable to heat-related illnesses. (gov.hk)
  • The implications of this analysis are profound: in many places, extreme heat will lead to an increase in deaths or illnesses, disrupt long-standing ways of life, force people to stay indoors to keep cool, and perhaps even drive large numbers of people away from areas that become too unpleasant or impractical to live. (ucsusa.org)
  • In Fig. 484 the heated air enters through a grid, fixed in the middle of the floor , the result being that a column of heated air rises in the middle of the room and passes away near the ceiling , leaving a stagnant mass of cold foul air. (chestofbooks.com)
  • it rises over the highly-heated iron surfaces of the heater, and then passes up the wall-flues to the different rooms. (chestofbooks.com)
  • As hot air rises, this is more likely to be downstairs in a room with fewer windows. (express.co.uk)
  • As illustrated below, certain groups of people become more susceptible to heat-related illness as the heat index rises. (ucsusa.org)
  • Elevator is Hot Hot Heat's second studio album, released on April 4, 2005 (see 2005 in music) internationally and a day later in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heart rates peaked above 150 beats per minute during the toughest parts of class - a sign more of the body's response to heat than of a boost in calorie-burning. (brisbanetimes.com.au)
  • Quantum Energy Technologies - The Quantum Compact solar unit combines a heat pump with a Fin Coil evaporator thus creating a Solar Heat Pump Water Heater. (peswiki.com)
  • Then I will end up installing an air handler, leaving the customer with the option of a heating coil that can be installed at any time in the future. (houserepairtalk.com)
  • The Edwards Heat Pump is like a solar water heater without collector panels. (peswiki.com)
  • The Edwards Heat Pump's use of refrigeration technology makes it extremely energy efficient - comparable to a solar water heater but without the need for collector panels - using approximately one third the energy of a conventional electric water heater. (peswiki.com)
  • An eco-friendly heating system based on solar energy help to reduce the carbon footprint from improper heating. (tradeplumbing.co.uk)
  • This year has been extreme in terms of heat and dryness, as was 2002 (a record-breaking year for fires in Colorado). (livescience.com)
  • They got one of their wishes on a March 2002 edition of Sunday Night Heat, when Mr. Perfect tried to regain the Intercontinental Title from Rob Van Dam. (wwe.com)
  • The ECW standout was a mainstay on Sunday Night Heat after the brand split in 2002. (wwe.com)
  • paper industry and laundries - calendar rolls, production of corrugated cardboard, heating of washing machines, mangles and dryers. (ferret.com.au)
  • SEATTLE - Heat-related incidents resulted in nearly 9 million injuries and more than 120,000 deaths worldwide in 2017, according to a new scientific study. (eurekalert.org)
  • However, the US ranked fourth highest globally in overall heat-related deaths, with more than 5,500 in 2017. (eurekalert.org)
  • In an encouraging global trend, IHME researchers saw an overall decrease in heat-related injury burden between 1990 and 2017. (eurekalert.org)
  • Despite some of the largest decreases in the age-adjusted rate of new cases since 1990, Laos, Indonesia, and Malaysia remain among the top countries with the highest risk of death given a heat-related injury in 2017. (eurekalert.org)
  • Eight countries, seven of which are low- or middle-income, accounted for half of all heat-related deaths in 2017. (eurekalert.org)
  • In a new map made using data compiled by a NASA satellite, a heat wave can be seen spreading across the country, hitting the Great Plains particularly hard. (livescience.com)
  • Colorado experienced the brunt of the heat wave earlier this week and had eight large wildfires burning as of today. (livescience.com)
  • This heat wave, like all major weather events, has its direct cause in a complex set of atmospheric conditions that produce short-term weather. (livescience.com)
  • Cities all over Europe have been sweating over "Lucifer," a heat wave that caused at least two deaths and stoked forest fires. (northeastern.edu)
  • Hot Hot Heat hasn't abandoned their scrappy new wave approach altogether, but in attempting to balance overt stadium anthems with wiry post-punk breakdowns, they leave a thoroughly uneven and confusing effort. (treblezine.com)
  • Much of the U.S. just experienced a heat wave this past weekend, and there's still ample time for another one before the season ends. (tuscaloosanews.com)
  • does appetite suffer during a summer heat wave as compared to normal summer weather? (nap.edu)
  • James and coauthors found the risk of dying from a fire, heat, or hot substance is greatest in Seychelles, where one in 15 injuries result in death. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is the first of its kind to quantify the totality of injuries resulting from fire, heat, and hot substances, not just burns. (eurekalert.org)
  • It should be noted that for the purposes of this analysis "fire, heat, and hot substance" does not include injuries directly due to heat waves, climate change, interpersonal violence (e.g., acid attack), or self-immolation. (eurekalert.org)
  • Yet heat-related injuries continue to present the greatest burden in low- and middle-income countries. (eurekalert.org)
  • Injuries plagued the Heat on Sunday, but the team managed to rally in spite of the pain and pull off a second-place finish. (hoodrivernews.com)
  • Thomsen said that most of the injuries were minor, and since the 18-and-under tournament this weekend was cancelled, the Heat will have some down time to rest up and recover. (hoodrivernews.com)
  • Wyoming and Utah - other states that have seen unusually hot weather - together had nine wildfires burning. (livescience.com)
  • However, weather occurs within the broader context of the climate, and many scientists agree that global warming has made it more likely that heat waves of this magnitude will occur. (livescience.com)
  • That's a large margin for weather records, with previous monthly heat records broken by a 20th of a degree or less. (nbcbayarea.com)
  • We are now solidly into Southeast Texas summer, and we don't necessarily need advisory-level heat for it to be dangerous," National Weather Service meteorologists said in a detailed forecast . (chron.com)
  • The app calculates the heat index at outdoor worksites using the smartphone's geolocation capabilities to pull current weather conditions from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites. (cdc.gov)
  • I used to LOVE hot weather. (metafilter.com)
  • Pepper is a hot-weather crop. (bonnieplants.com)
  • HOT WEATHER brings a chance to break out the BBQ, meet up with friends and soak up the rays. (express.co.uk)
  • When hot weather is forecast, make sure the property you're living in is well equipped to keep you cool. (express.co.uk)
  • Bear very well in hot weather. (bonnieplants.com)
  • The hot weekend weather brought thousands out to enjoy the lakes and mountains - but some never made it home. (worldradio.ch)
  • Asphalt and concrete become griddles during hot weather and, even if they're cool enough for your dog to walk on safely (and many times they're not), the heat coming up off those surfaces can be very taxing on your dog, especially smaller dogs whose bodies are closer to the hot surface. (dogtipper.com)
  • Also in hot weather shoot first thing in the AM like as soon as it is light enough to see. (hotrodders.com)
  • 2007). A day or two of intervening cool weather will not interfere with acclimatization to hot weather. (gssiweb.org)
  • As harvesting season nears, the ongoing hot, dry weather could have grasshoppers and similar insects feeding in greater-than-normal numbers on alfalfa, tobacco and some vegetable crops, says Lee Townsend, an entomologist at the University of Kentucky. (amazingdiscoveries.org)
  • A little known inventor is about to make a big splash with the world's first hot pepper nasal spray on national cable network CNBC tonight. (prweb.com)
  • Best known for training groups of women and attacking them in range of hidden cameras for the Oprah Winfrey Show , Perry also taught Oprah how to equalize attackers with a burst of hot pepper extract. (prweb.com)
  • At that moment, the idea for Sinus Buster , the world's first hot pepper nasal spray was born. (prweb.com)
  • Until recently the Guinness World Records had the world s hottest chilli pepper as the Red Savina Habanero. (chilliworld.com)
  • The current hottest pepper reported and No. 1 in the record books is the Dragon's Breath chilli pepper developed in St Asaph, Wales, in association with Nottingham Trent University. (chilliworld.com)
  • The team in Bangor also believe that a hot bath can stimulate the immune system which may be helpful for athletes as heavy exercise temporarily decreases immune function and increases the risk of infections such as the common cold. (bangor.ac.uk)
  • For example, as the heat index increases then more water and rest breaks may become necessary. (cdc.gov)
  • This analysis shows the rapid, widespread increases in extreme heat that are projected to occur across the country due to climate change, including conditions so extreme that a heat index cannot be measured. (ucsusa.org)
  • In the United States, Smead's system of heating by hot air has been very widely used in public schools and other buildings, and is stated to have given great satisfaction. (chestofbooks.com)
  • The Hot Flush System Serves industries such as. (hotflusher.com)
  • Welcome and thank you for your interest in the Hot Flush system. (hotflusher.com)
  • We are the only patented flushing system in the world that will remove 99.99% of debris, varnish and other damaging materials from oil coolers/heat exchangers and lines. (hotflusher.com)
  • The Hot Flush system delivers a fully automated patented process that utilizes high speed reverse flushing, air injection and filtration when necessary. (hotflusher.com)
  • Recently, we called a new plumber to come out and look at the system (as the installing plumber has failed to "come look" at the issure for over 1 1/2 years despite repeated calls) to try and figure out why we didn't get heat upstairs and got too much downstairs. (thisoldhouse.com)
  • I also understand that many people who have worked on this house for the elderly owner took advantage of her absence and lack of knowledge while they worked (such as the guy who connected a non-zoned heating system to two thermostats "just because" that's the way he found it). (thisoldhouse.com)
  • An electrochemical compressor type heat pump system is described. (google.es)
  • Franchises that offer hot yoga say its benefits include strengthening the heart, cleaning out the veins, cleansing impurities from the body and regulating metabolism and the immune system, and they often suggest that those benefits are greater than from unheated yoga. (brisbanetimes.com.au)
  • Buzzing/vibration from hot water system when NOT running? (arrse.co.uk)
  • SHARC stands for sewer heat recovery, and the system has been proven effective in the apartments and common areas for residents of the Seven35 Building in North Vancouver, British Columbia. (homeenergy.org)
  • The city of Vancouver gave the builders a density bonus of additional units allowed due to the inclusion of a wastewater heat recovery system, making it possible for the building to hold 60 apartments. (homeenergy.org)
  • The main aim of CREATE is to develop and demonstrate a heat battery, i.e. an advanced thermal storage system based on Thermo-Chemical Materials (TCMs), that enables economically affordable, compact and loss-free storage of heat in existing. (buildup.eu)
  • The investigated heating system consists of an air source heat pump (ASHP) incorporated with a hot water tank as active Thermal Energy Storage (TES), where two optimization problems are integrated together to optimize both the ASHP electricity consumption and the building heating consumption utilizing a heat dynamic model of the building. (scirp.org)
  • Though the initial investments for centralised heating are quite high, the costs are recoverable in the long run by adopting eco-friendly heating techniques as well as in-built controls that enable home owners to put the system to optimal and efficient usage. (tradeplumbing.co.uk)
  • The size and type of cylinder you'll need for your system will depend on your demand for hot water and potentially other specifications of your heating system. (directheatingsupplies.co.uk)
  • A lot of people like stem/radiator heat because it's not a forced air system --- keeps down the dust, less noise and warmer(no draft). (houserepairtalk.com)
  • We've been told we should never drain the hot water heat system because it's too difficult for the average homeowner to recharge. (bobvila.com)
  • If we could choose to do what we'd like, we would empty the hot water heater and heat system, drain supply lines, anti-freeze all drains and toilets, etc, and turn all of the power off. (bobvila.com)
  • What that boils down to is a numbering system that starts at 0 and goes on indefinitely-the higher the number, the hotter the chile. (thechileguy.com)
  • For some in our area, the heat poses a "dangerous" risk, including the elderly and those who work outdoors. (chron.com)
  • Radiator controls, thermostats and timers help monitor, control and even switch off heating in different parts of the home, when the space is not in use, thereby contributing to both energy and financial savings. (tradeplumbing.co.uk)
  • They found that the eggs from the warmer beach were better able to thrive in the hot incubator than those from the cooler beach. (phys.org)
  • The Heat Pump is more effective in warmer climates, and is equipped with an electric booster to provide a continuous supply of hot water for the cooler climates. (peswiki.com)
  • A study in analyzed heat pump coupled with TES under a DSM strategy designed to flatten the electricity load curve by switching off the heat pump during specific peak hours. (scirp.org)
  • Although Hot Hot Heat got its start as a hardcore band, by the time it made contact with Sub Pop, its sound had mutated into what would soon be known as dance-punk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Made with quality ceramic and heat sensitive paint the panda stays incognito. (hottopic.com)
  • Although she gave hot yoga a chance, it often made her feel lightheaded. (brisbanetimes.com.au)
  • But hot yoga made me feel terrible when I did it. (brisbanetimes.com.au)
  • Relive these gripping moments and seven other incidents that made Heat Sunday's hottest show. (wwe.com)
  • Menopause has made me hate the heat. (metafilter.com)
  • Before you ask, I have already made an appointment with my doctor to see what I can do to ameliorate symptoms, but I wanted to ask the ladies of metafilter if they have any tips or tricks of dealing with the heat when you're in menopause. (metafilter.com)
  • There's certainly nothing wrong with a band following elevated ambitions and getting more "serious," even, but Hot Hot Heat has all but abandoned the qualities that made them such an exciting arrival in the first place. (treblezine.com)
  • View Hot Sets 22: Thermal Setting Mist on RedkenPro.com for content just for you. (redken.com)
  • But by harnessing an electropolymerization process to produce aligned arrays of polymer nanofibers, researchers have developed a thermal interface material able to conduct heat 20 times better than the original polymer. (electroiq.com)
  • The new thermal interface material could be used to draw heat away from electronic devices in servers, automobiles, high-brightness LEDs and certain mobile devices. (electroiq.com)
  • Engineers have been searching for an improved thermal interface material that could help remove heat from electronic devices. (electroiq.com)
  • The hot-wire anemometer is a famous thermal instrument for turbulence measurements [ 1 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • The variation of heat loss from the thermal element can be interpreted as a measure of the fluid velocity changes. (intechopen.com)
  • This course is intended to bridge a gap for those of you with Electrical Engineering or Physics backgrounds who are interested in nanoscale power and thermal issues, and for those of you with Heat Transfer (Mechanical Engineering) backgrounds interested in nanoscale electronic issues. (nanohub.org)
  • Introduction Content: The Big Picture Another CPU without a Heat Sink Thermal Management Methods Impact on People and Environment Packaging cost IBM S/390 refrigeration and. (nanohub.org)