Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Philosophy, NursingMinority Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.United StatesMinority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Vision Disparity: The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Depth Perception: Perception of three-dimensionality.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Healthcare Financing: Methods of generating, allocating, and using financial resources in healthcare systems.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.United States Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.National Health Insurance, United StatesHispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Convergence, Ocular: The turning inward of the lines of sight toward each other.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Quality Improvement: The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Budgets: Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Patient-Centered Care: Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Organizational Culture: Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Personnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Telemedicine: Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.CaliforniaUrban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Cultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Great BritainMedical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Medical Errors: Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations: A private, voluntary, not-for-profit organization which establishes standards for the operation of health facilities and services, conducts surveys, and awards accreditation.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Privatization: Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Patient Safety: Efforts to reduce risk, to address and reduce incidents and accidents that may negatively impact healthcare consumers.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Veterans Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of VETERANS.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Reimbursement Mechanisms: Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Continuity of Patient Care: Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Interdisciplinary Communication: Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Institute of Medicine (U.S.): Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.MassachusettsNeeds Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.

*King v. Burwell

This figure was based on earlier studies of the impact of the Massachusetts health care reform law on death rates in that state ... The brief stated that residents of the 34 states that use the Federal exchange tend to be less healthy and have less access to ... The brief argues that eliminating the subsidies will increase this disparity. On July 22, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for ... The Court noted that previous attempts to reform health care insurance "encouraged people to wait until they got sick to buy ...

*Health care reform

... the debate regarding health care reform includes questions of a right to health care, access, fairness, sustainability, quality ... sociological disparity of coverage Medicare Rights Center National health insurance National Physicians Alliance Progressive ... Health care in the United States Health care reform in the United States Healthcare-NOW! Health-care reform in China History of ... The five control knobs of health care reform are not designed to work in isolation; health care reform may require the ...

*Healthcare reform in China

... largely determined access to health care. Rural areas saw the biggest need for healthcare reform, and the Rural Co-operative ... A disparity in inequality between urban and rural areas persists, since much of recent government reform is focused on urban ... Health care system Health in China Healthcare reform Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved Medical savings ... Many minority groups are still facing challenges in gaining equality in healthcare access. Due to the 1980s health reform, ...

*Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts

"Access to Care After Massachusetts' Health Care Reform: A Safety Net Hospital Patient Survey". Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017 ... Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts refers to the issues in access to, and treatment of, the residents of the state of ... but significant barriers to access of health care still exist. The primary factor affecting access to healthcare is out-of- ... Many factors contribute to healthcare disparity, including access, behavioral risk factors, family history, social determinants ...

*Healthcare in Taiwan

Enrollees are satisfied with more equal access to health care, have greater financial risk protection and have equity in health ... The implementation of Universal Healthcare created less health disparities for the lower income ranked citizens in Taiwan. ... Taiwan started its health reform in the 1980s after experiencing two decades of economic growth. In 1987, the government did ... The system promises equal access to healthcare for all citizens, and the population coverage had reached 99% by the end of 2004 ...

*Medical education

... entities integrally involved in the health care system and affected by reform), the practice of medicine (i.e. diagnosing, ... Increased mortality and morbidity rates occur from birth to age 75, attributed to medical care (insurance access, quality of ... health disparities), and (4) politics and law (e.g. history and consequences of major legislations; adverse events, medical ... Williams, Tim R. "A Cultural and Global Perspective of United States Health Care Economics". Seminars in Radiation Oncology. 18 ...

*Immigrant health care in the United States

Access to Health Care and Insurance". Immigrants' Access. 20 (1): 247-256. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.20.1.247. Huang, Jennifer; ... Efforts at reforming the health care system in regards to immigrants have varied in terms of success in the past decade. In ... Disparities in health care coverage between immigrants and native-born residents have risen in part from policy changes such as ... generally receive the same level of health care access as U.S.-born citizens, implying that health care usage becomes more ...

*Patients Act 2009

It is intricately linked to the health care reform program of President Obama which aims to establish a comparative ... The wide disparity in costs experienced by Medicare across the country is thought by some in government to be due to the ... The Patients Act 2009 (Preserving Access to Targeted, Individualized, and Effective New Treatments and Services) is a bill set ... They're doing it in the name of avoiding "rationing of health care" … but they're specifically addressing taxpayer-funded care ...

*Primary healthcare

... reducing exclusion and social disparities in health (universal coverage reforms); organizing health services around people's ... Accessed 12 July 2011. Marcos, Cueto (2004). "The ORIGINS of Primary Health Care and SELECTIVE Primary Health Care". Am J ... Accessed 16 June 2011. Pfeiffer, J. 2003. International NGOs and primary health care in Mozambique: the need for a new model of ... Older people and Primary Health Care (PHC). Accessed 16 June 2011. Department of Health, Provincial Government of the Western ...

*Women's health in China

Another factor that limits women's capabilities to access healthcare is their relative low wage compared to men. China promotes ... Chen, L.; Standing, H. (2007). "Gender equity in transitional China's healthcare policy reforms". Feminist Economics. 13 (3-4 ... rural women suffer even more from insufficient healthcare due to increasing spatial disparity in China. Based on studies by ... There are also more traditional gender values that reduce women's access to healthcare. In one study it was shown that the ...

*National Women's Health Network

... gender and class disparities in health care access, as well as disparities due to immigration status, disabilities and sexual ... Raising Women's Voices wants to ensure the national discourse on healthcare reform takes the needs of women into account. Other ... Every woman should have access to quality health care. Information given to women to direct their health decisions should be ... Access to their services, as well as various fact sheets, position papers, outside resources, and their newsletters can be ...

*Health care in Colombia

... healthcare reforms have led to the massive improvements in the healthcare systems of the country. Although this new system has ... Urban and rural residents experienced significant differences in access to health care. The coverage in the three largest ... health disparities persist, with the poor continuing to suffer relatively high mortality rates. The refractive surgery ... A 1993 reform transformed the structure of public health care funding by shifting the burden of subsidy from providers to users ...

*James W. Hubbard

Joint Legislative Task Force on Universal Access to Quality and Affordable Health Care, 2005-. voted in favor of increasing the ... minority health disparities subcommittee, 2005; chair, public health subcommittee, 2004-05, member, 2003-05; chair, public ... sales tax by 20% - Tax Reform Act of 2007(HB2)[2] voted in favor of in-state tuition for illegal immigrants in 2007 (HB6)[3]. ...

*Yvette Roubideaux

She was the first woman to be appointed as Director of IHS, the principal federal health care advocate and provider for ... Yvette Robideaux", IHS Archived October 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Dept of Health and Human Services, accessed 24 ... "there are health and care disparities and the rates of chronic diseases on the rise": "To renew and strengthen IHS's ... partnership with tribes; To bring reform to IHS; she will work with the tribes to identify problems in the agency and then ...

*Susan C. Lee

Chapter of the Healthcare Information Management Systems Society for her work in advancing healthcare technology and reform. ... reduce health care disparities, and obtain funding for rape crisis centers. She received the Maryland Legislative Agenda for ... provide access to quality and affordable healthcare, fully fund education, keep college affordable, and protect the environment ... Tax Reform Act of 2007(HB2)[3] voted in favor of in-state tuition for undocumented immigrant students in 2007 (HB6)[4] ...

*Primary care

IN LIFETIME EARNINGS OF SPECIALIST AND PRIMARY-CARE PHYSICIANS Wage disparities could limit the success of health-care reform. ... Accessed 24 June 2011. World Health Organization. Ageing and life course: Our ageing world. Geneva. Accessed 24 June 2011. ... Primary healthcare results in better health outcomes, reduced health disparities and lower spending, including on avoidable ... Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider. Typically this provider acts as the first contact ...

*Minnesota Medical Association

Legislature to pass health care reform legislation that includes many aspects of the MMA's vision for health care reform. John ... 1989 - The MMA and Utah Medical Association form the Geographic Coalition to raise awareness of geographic disparities in ... Today, the MMA is providing scholarships to promising students; improving access to medical care in underserved communities; ... 2005 - The MMA released its health care reform vision, Physicians' Plan for a Health Minnesota 2006 - The MMA brought together ...

*Preventive healthcare

These disparities made it more difficult for the disadvantaged groups to have regular access to a primary care provider, ... Frist, B (May 28, 2015). "US Healthcare reform should focus on prevention efforts to cut skyrocketing costs". US News and World ... "Defining and Targeting Health Care Access Barriers." Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 22.2 (2011): 562-575. ... Disparities in Healthcare Quality Among Racial and Ethnic Groups: Selected Findings from the 2011 National Healthcare Quality ...

*Leana Wen

... where she led campaigns to increase healthcare access, decrease health disparities, and combat conflicts of interest between ... Wen is a frequent keynote speaker on healthcare reform, education, and leadership, and has given several TED Talks. Her TED ... She has been a regular contributor to the Huffington Post and Psychology Today on patient empowerment and healthcare reform. ... "Low-Tech Revolution to Healthcare Reform". Retrieved 1 January 2014. Wenger, Yvonne (15 December 2014). "New city health ...

*Preventive healthcare

Health disparities and barriers to accessing careEdit. Access to healthcare and preventive health services is unequal, as is ... Harrington, Scott E. (1 January 2010). "U. S. Health-care Reform: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act". The Journal ... a b Disparities in Healthcare Quality Among Racial and Ethnic Groups: Selected Findings from the 2011 National Healthcare ... "Defining and Targeting Health Care Access Barriers". Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 22 (2): 562-575. doi: ...

*Anthony G. Brown

"Health Care Reform Simulation Model Projections" (PDF). The Hilltop Institute. July 13, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) ... Governor Brown led the O'Malley-Brown Administration's efforts to reduce costs, expand access, and improve the quality of care ... Brown led efforts to address health disparities among racial and ethnic groups in Maryland. In 2012, he developed created ... "O'Malley-Brown Administration's Health Care Reform Package Signed Into Law Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.". ...

*Ben Chandler

... improving access to care, reducing health risks and disparities among groups, and promoting health equity." Chandler ... against some large pieces of Democratic-led legislation including the Wall Street Bailout and against the healthcare reform ... "Chandler Statement on the Affordable Health Care for America Act". Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. "Task Force on ... Taxes Chandler is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge. Before being appointed to the Intelligence ...

*Women in Ethiopia

As of 2008-2009, there was a steady increase in general enrollment and a decrease in gender disparity in access to education. ... In urban areas, women have greater access to education, health care and employment outside the home. According to a 1976 ... Land reform did not change their socioeconomic status, which was anchored in deep-rooted traditional values and beliefs. An ... Furthermore, Ethiopian girls and women's struggles and problems are mostly associated with social acceptance, access to ...

*Criminal justice reform in the United States

While some researches claim that racial sentencing disparities are a reflection of differences in criminal activity, crime ... the data used to isolate patterns of criminal behavior uses a privatized algorithm that only companies have access to and (2) ... that these issues are improperly addressed by law enforcement and instead should be treated by social workers or healthcare ... They advocate for reform in the police departments, prosecutorial reform, court reform, prison reform, and mostly for ...

*Mary E. Flowers

Access (Chair) 96th through 90th General Assemblies Health & Healthcare Disparities 99th, 98th, 97th and 96th General ... She has also been the primary sponsor of legislation regarding Welfare Reform, Elementary & Secondary School Reforms, and ... Health Care Availability & Accessibility (Chair) 100th, 99th. 98th, 97th General Assemblies Health Care Availability & ... Illinois Adverse Health Care Events Reporting Law of 2005 (SB 1157, PA 94-242) Managed Care Reform and Patient Rights Act (SB ...
Get Covered Kentucky: Understanding the Affordable Care Act" will be held Thursday, Aug. 8, from 10 to 10:45 a.m. Eastern Time. The webinar is designed for health educators, health-care employees, community members, and journalists in Kentucky who want to improve their understanding of, and ability to talk to the public about, the health reform law, expansion of Medicaid and the new health benefit exchange branded as Kynect, where health insurance and subsides will be offered ...
HCR 101: Your Guide to Understanding Healthcare Reform Are You Ready for Healthcare Reform? By now, you ve probably been hearing a lot about the Affordable Care Act (also known as healthcare reform or
Surprising many legal scholars, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld on Thursday the constitutionality of most of the controversial health reform law that requires alm
The central premise of ADBs Law and Policy Reform Program is that a functioning legal system is essential to sustainable development.
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A lawsuit filed Tuesday in Florida includes 13 states and charges that the new healthcare reform law in unconstitutional. Virginias attorney general filed a separate lawsuit.
Regardless of political affiliation, opposition to the 2010 health care reform law has dropped, according to a new survey.. The poll, conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation, found that in April 43% of respondents had a favorable view of the Affordable Care Act, while 42% had an unfavorable view and 14% didnt know.. By contrast, in January 2014, 50% of respondents had an unfavorable view of the law, while just 34% had a favorable view and 16% didnt know.. Support for the law surged among respondents who said they were Democrats. For example, last month 70% of respondents who said they were Democrats said they had a favorable view of the health care reform law, while just 16% had an unfavorable view, and 14% didnt know.. Thats a big pickup in support compared to January 2014 when 58% of Democratic respondents had a favorable view of the law, 26% had an unfavorable view, and 15% didnt know.. While Republicans still overwhelmingly have an unfavorable view of the law, ...
Implications/Impact of Parity Legislation and Healthcare Reform for Behavioral Health: Systems Perspectives. Chuck Ingoglia Vice President, Public Policy National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare. Healthcare Reform and the Behavioral Health Safety Net Overview. Slideshow 383249 by...
Health care reform in the United States has a long history. Reforms have often been proposed but have rarely been accomplished. In 2010, landmark reform was passed through two federal statutes enacted in 2010: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), signed March 23, 2010, and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (H.R. 4872), which amended the PPACA and became law on March 30, 2010. Future reforms of the American health care system continue to be proposed, with notable proposals including a single-payer system and a reduction in fee-for-service medical care. The PPACA includes a new agency, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation, which is intended to research reform ideas through pilot projects. Here is a summary of reform achievements at the national level in the United States. For failed efforts, state-based efforts, native tribes services and more details ...
The 2010 health reform law (the Affordable Care Act, or ACA) has significantly improved Medicares long-term financial outlook, as we have previously pointed out. Recent claims that health reform "robs Medicare" and does not "shore up Medicares finances" are flatly false, as the recent report of the programs trustees shows. The Congressional Budget Office estimates that the ACA will reduce Medicares projected spending by $716 billion over the 2013-2023 period. As John McDonough of Harvards School of Public Health explains: "None of these reductions were financed by cuts to Medicare enrollees eligibility or benefits; benefits were improved in the ACA. Cuts were focused on hospitals, health insurers, home health, and other providers." Medicares trustees confirm that health reform has improved the programs finances: "The financial status of the HI [Hospital Insurance] trust fund was substantially improved by the lower expenditures" via Blog this ...
Health care reform is a change to health policies on a national level. Health care reform consists of improving health care and its quality, improving the quality of specialists, and allowing more citizens to receive health care by having little or no cost at all. Americans should care about how health care reform was created, and the adverse effect on the different classes of people. Health care reform was discussed about in the United States by political figures such as President Bill Clinton (1997) when state children health insurance programs were implemented. On March 21st, 2010 President Obama implemented legislation that intended to cover 32 million uninsured people. Health care reform consists of these key parts, setting the agenda, formulating policy, and adopting policy. These procedures were necessary to produce positive outcomes for health care reform. The rules and procedures used to pass health ...
Given a chance to do something simple, clear, and fair to limit insurance company death panels and to punish bad faith insurance decisions, many people might stand up for beginning health insurance reform the way they stood up for car insurance reform.
Suddenly, dramatically, and seemingly overnight, U.S. healthcare has morphed into something virtually unrecognizable. There are a slew of new requirements, regulations, goals, buzzwords, and acronyms. It is a revolution in how we view the role and responsibilities not only of the physician and patient, but also of the nurse, the nurse practitioner, physical therapist, nutritionist, medical assistant, pharmacy technician, social worker, and other healthcare professionals. But you dont just have to cope in this new world of healthcare. Now you can learn how to thrive amid all these changes and challenges. Written by the Chief Medical Officer of one of the worlds leading global healthcare data and analytics companies, Navigating Healthcare Reform: An Insiders Guide for Nurses and Allied Health Professionals is a ...
Tune into this webcast to learn what is happening with the Healthcare Reform in the US and what are the expectations moving forward with Healthcare Reform, how will it change, cease to exist or transition to Trumpcare. Learn how healthcare costs are continuing to rise in the US and more US employers are implementing domestic and international medical tourism. Learn what changes if any will President Trump have on medical tourism in the US and what opportunities this provides to the medical tourism marketplace. ...
Healthcare Reform from the Inside- UCLA Neurosurgical Clinical Quality Program: Healthcare Reform from the Inside A Neurosurgical Quality...
This paper examines the short- and long-run effects of exchange market reform in developing countries. The first part reviews the recent experience of Guyana, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Sierra Leone, and Sri Lanka with exchange market reform. The second part studies analytically the short-run dynamics of the parallel market premium and the money supply upon unification, when the post-reform regime consists of either a pure float or a managed float. The third part discusses the impact of unification on inflation and quasi-fiscal deficits, and identifies a variety of implicit taxes and subsidies that must be taken into account in assessing the longer-run effects of exchange market reform.
More than 175 organizations issued a letter of support today to the President, the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives to strongly support comprehensive health reform efforts, emphasizing the need to modernize and increase funding for disease prevention, wellness, and public health in the United States. The following is the text of the letter and a list of the organizations that have signed on in support of the letter:. "Dear Mr. President/Senator/Representative:. In recent months, we have inched closer to something that has eluded us for decades - comprehensive health reform. From the prevention, public health and health workforce provisions, to the insurance market reforms, to the expansion of coverage, we believe key elements included in both the House and Senate bills would represent a new direction for Americas health care and public health systems. As you determine the next steps this nation will take to advance the nations health, the ...
The U.S. needs not only healthcare system reform, but also health insurance reform. Karl Denninger has fleshed out his U.S. healthcare system reform recommendations in a form ready for legislation. Ive only read it once and admit I dont fully understand it. But I can tell already that it would be a major improvement over…
In the 1944 Supreme Court Case, United States v. South-Eastern Underwriters Association, the Court established that the business of insurance constitutes "interstate commerce," and therefore is subject to Congressional oversight under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. This decision specifically held that the Sherman Act - the federal antitrust statute - applied to insurance.. In quick reaction, insurance companies lobbied Congress to pass the McCarran-Ferguson Act of 1945 to establish a special-interest exemption for the industry from federal antitrust laws. After 70 years, it is apparent that the unbridled antitrust exemption created by Congress in the 1940s was not prudent. Over the decades - and expeditiously since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, in 2009 - the health insurance market has mutated into one of the least transparent and most anti-competitive industries in the United States.. The Competitive Health Insurance Reform Act, HR 372, is legislation designed to amend ...
The latest issue of the journal American Health & Drug Benefits includes a valuable mix of studies and articles of interest to decision makers. Topics include health reform, bundled payment, drug pricing, benefit design, Medicaid, medication therapy, and specific clinical conditions.. The Health Reform Law: Key Changes to Be Implemented in 2010. By Kip Piper, MA, FACHE. Federal Drug Price Controls in Medicaid: Expansion of Mandated Rebates under Health Reform Law. By Kip Piper, MA, FACHE. Prevalence of Treated Bipolar Disorders and Associated Comorbidities in Managed Care and Medicaid Populations. By Jeff J. Guo, PhD; Nick C. Patel, PharmD, PhD; Hong Li, PhD; and Paul E. Keck Jr, MD. With Stakeholder Perspective by Nirav R. Shah, MD, MPH. Impact of Etanercept Treatment on Absenteeism and Productivity: The Work Loss and Productivity Survey. By Denise Globe, PhD; Peter Mazonson, MD, MBA; Chris Santas, MBA; Regina Murphy, MBA; Annie Cheng; Xingyue Huang, ...
Beatty, Jun 22: Trump 37, Clinton 30. UT/TTP, Jun 27: Trump 41, Clinton 33. KTVT/Dixie, Aug 11: Trump 46, Clinton 35. PPP, Aug 16: Trump 44, Clinton 38. WaPo-SurveyMonkey, Sep 6: Clinton 46, Trump 45. ECPS, Sep 14: Trump 42, Clinton 36. Texas Lyceum, Sep 15: Trump 39, Clinton 32. YouGov, Oct 3: Trump 50,1, Clinton 41.5. KTVT/Dixie, Oct 5: Trump 45, Clinton 38. WFAA/SurveyUSA, Oct 14: Trump 47, Clinton 43. UH Hobby Center, Oct 17: Trump 41, Clinton 38. WaPo/SurveyMonkey, Oct 17: Trump 48, Clinton 46. CBS/YouGov, Oct 23: Trump 46, Clinton 43. Crosswind/Statesman, Oct 27: Trump 45, Clinton 38. UT/TT, Oct 27: Trump 45, Clinton 42. KTVT/Dixie Strategies, Nov 2: Trump 52, Clinton 39. NBC/WSJ/Marist, Nov 3: Trump 49, Clinton 40. ECPS, Nov 3: Trump 49, Clinton 34. YouGov, Nov 5: Trump 50,3, Clinton 42.4. ...
Beatty, Jun 22: Trump 37, Clinton 30. UT/TTP, Jun 27: Trump 41, Clinton 33. KTVT/Dixie, Aug 11: Trump 46, Clinton 35. PPP, Aug 16: Trump 44, Clinton 38. WaPo-SurveyMonkey, Sep 6: Clinton 46, Trump 45. ECPS, Sep 14: Trump 42, Clinton 36. Texas Lyceum, Sep 15: Trump 39, Clinton 32. YouGov, Oct 3: Trump 50,1, Clinton 41.5. KTVT/Dixie, Oct 5: Trump 45, Clinton 38. WFAA/SurveyUSA, Oct 14: Trump 47, Clinton 43. UH Hobby Center, Oct 17: Trump 41, Clinton 38. WaPo/SurveyMonkey, Oct 17: Trump 48, Clinton 46. CBS/YouGov, Oct 23: Trump 46, Clinton 43. Crosswind/Statesman, Oct 27: Trump 45, Clinton 38. UT/TT, Oct 27: Trump 45, Clinton 42. KTVT/Dixie Strategies, Nov 2: Trump 52, Clinton 39. NBC/WSJ/Marist, Nov 3: Trump 49, Clinton 40. ECPS, Nov 3: Trump 49, Clinton 34. YouGov, Nov 5: Trump 50,3, Clinton 42.4. ...
The provisions of the Policy Framework and Reform Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture in Africa (PFRS) incorporate best practices for sustainable fisheries management and responsible aquaculture development which have been identified as priorities by stakeholders. The rational implementation of the PFRS entails identification of user-friendly appropriate strategies that would facilitate alignment of national and regional fisheries and aquaculture policies to these provisions of the PFRS.. This document has been developed as a complementary document to the parent PFRS to provide guidance for the implementation of the PFRS. It therefore describes the criteria/parameters for alignment of national and regional policies and strategies to the provisions of the PFRS, the indicators to monitor the progress of alignment of national and regional policies to the PFRS, implementation as well as the mechanism to support or facilitate its implementation of the PFRS. The Guide also includes indicators ...
There were a number of different health care reforms proposed during the Obama administration. Key reforms address cost and coverage and include obesity, prevention and treatment of chronic conditions, defensive medicine or tort reform, incentives that reward more care instead of better care, redundant payment systems, tax policy, rationing, a shortage of doctors and nurses, intervention vs. hospice, fraud, and use of imaging technology, among others. The first of these reform proposals to be passed by the United States Congress is the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which originated in the Senate and was later passed by the House of Representatives in amended form on March 21, 2010 (with a vote of 219-212). President Obama signed the reforms into law on March 23, 2010. Reuters and CNN summarized the reforms and the year in which they take effect. A variety of specific types of ...
With the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the Healthcare Reform Law) three months ago, pharmaceutical manufacturers are continuing to assess how the changes to their price-reporting responsibilities are affecting their business models and operations. Among the issues facing manufacturers are concerns pertaining to the implementation of Medicaid Drug Rebate Program price-reporting changes, as well as the nascent developments with respect to the Medicare Part D Coverage Gap Discount Program.[1]. Medicaid Drug Rebate Program Revisions. Increase in Minimum Unit Rebate Amount. The increase in the minimum unit rebate amount raises certain operational issues. Retroactively effective as of January 1, 2010, the minimum unit rebate amount for innovator products has increased from 15.1% to 23.1% of average manufacturer price (AMP). This retrospective change has already created systems issues; the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) ...
Part 1 of 6-part educational series on the healthcare reform and how it impacts small business) Brought to you by the WIPP Healthcare Committee. Please join WIPPs Healthcare Committee on Tuesday, February 28, 2012 as it presents a special webinar that will give you an overview of the healthcare reform law and how it impacts the small business community. Currently, it is a very dynamic time for the healthcare industry: changes brought on by the healthcare reform law continue to be implemented, states are working on their exchanges for individuals and small businesses, and the Supreme Court is gearing up to hear a case challenging the law. Stay on top of whats going on by attending these webinars.. This first presentation of the series will feature Dr. Jaime ...
Downloadable! In April 2006, the state of Massachusetts passed legislation aimed at achieving near universal health insurance coverage. A key provision of this legislation, and of the national legislation passed in March 2010, is an individual mandate to obtain health insurance. Although previous researchers have studied the impact of expansions in health insurance coverage among the indigent, children, and the elderly, the Massachusetts reform gives us a novel opportunity to examine the impact of expansion to near-universal health insurance coverage among the entire state population. In this paper, we are the first to use hospital data to examine the impact of this legislation on insurance coverage, utilization patterns, and patient outcomes in Massachusetts. We use a difference-in-difference strategy that compares outcomes in Massachusetts after the reform to outcomes in Massachusetts before the reform and to outcomes in other states. We embed this ...
... Walter Coleman WV/PA HFMA September 25, 2014 How about efficiency? Waste in the System Revenue Industry Tipping Point Time • • • • How do local market conditions impact timing considerations? Can market-changing events create an urgent paradigm shift? What is my step-change business model risk? Do I have the financial tools to adequately analyze relevant states? 6 Healthcare Performance Program Umbrella Mandatory Element of Reform VALUE BASED PURCHASING Value Based Purchasing Overview • MANDATORY - we have no choice VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement Amount mandated to pay for participation VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement Amount mandated to pay for participation VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement Value Based Purchasing • Outcomes = Income • Mandatory Pay for Performance ...
Health reform increased Medicaid enrollment, but was not associated with Veterans Health Administration and private insurance enrollment among Massachusetts veterans.
According to statements from CMS, the 2004 physician payment reform was designed to align economic incentives and improve the quality of dialysis care.27 In the discourse leading up to the policys enactment, there was no mention of how the reform might influence dialysis modality decisions. Since the policy was enacted, some physicians have expressed concern that it created a financial incentive to place some patients on in-center hemodialysis rather than home hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.28 However, surveys of nephrologists in the United States suggest that economic factors do not play an important role in dialysis modality selection.11,15 Our findings indicate that economic incentives have had a substantial effect on physicians decisions regarding dialysis modality, and that payment reform had the unintended consequence of leading fewer patients to home dialysis. Since the choice of dialysis modality is central to patients quality of life, ...
Downloadable! After providing some general background on developments in Bangladeshs economy, the article indicates the nature of international political pressures, as represented by the Washington consensus, put on Bangladesh to adopt market-oriented reforms. The sequencing and pattern of Bangladeshs market reforms and their consequences for its external balance are then examined. Particular attention is given to the fact that its macroeconomic reforms preceded its microeconomic ones. The impacts of Bangladeshs market reforms on the incidence of poverty can be seen as part of the general question of the effects of these reforms on social welfare. The Human Development Index (HDI) for Bangladesh is considered in this context. Poverty may be measured in different ways. Here, the Human Poverty Index (HPI) and the incidence of poverty (based on Bangladeshs official poverty line) are considered as indicators of the extent of ...
Washington - A group of House Democrats is reintroducing sweeping auto safety reform legislation a year after General Motors Co. recalled 2.6 million vehicles now linked to at least 57 deaths, reported The Detroit News.. Rep. Jan Schakowsky, D-Ill., is reintroducing a measure that would dramatically hike the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrations auto safety budget by at least $100 million by 2017 by imposing a $3 fee on all new car sales that would rise to $9 by 2018. The bill is backed by Rep. Frank Pallone, D-N.J., and at least four other Democrats, her office said.. Despite withering criticism of NHTSA and congressional hearings into GMs delayed recall, as well another round of hearings into millions of defective Takata air bags, the prospects for sweeping auto safety reform legislation are hazy. Many auto industry officials think it is unlikely major reforms are approved. In 2010, after harsh criticism of NHTSA after Toyota Motor Corp. recalled ...
The Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research program is a collaborative effort supported by the NIEHS, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that encourages basic, biological, clinical, epidemiological, behavioral, and/or social scientific investigations of disease conditions that are known to be a significant burden in low socioeconomic and health disparate populations. The Centers, funded through a P50 grant mechanism, support research efforts, mentoring, capacity building, research translation, and information dissemination, and are designed to address program-specific research priorities.. The boxes below show the primary areas of research of the five EHD Centers along with key questions they are addressing related to health disparities.. ...
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The proposed study will evaluate the impact that Massachusettss recently enacted health care reform legislation has had on low-income and moderate-income adults in the state. The study will include annual surveys of Massachusetts residents conducted in the fall of 2006, 2007, and 2008. The fall 2006 survey-for which funding is being requested here-will collect baseline information on coverage, access, utilization, and out-of-pocket costs prior to implementation of the reform initiative on October 1, 2006. Subsequent follow-up surveys will gather similar information in 2007 and 2008 to support a pre-post analysis. The proposed study will be funded by a consortium of sponsors: The Commonwealth Fund, the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Foundation, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.. ...
This column by Susan A. Carleson, CEO of the ACRU and the Carleson Center for Public Policy (CCPP), was published March 25, 2011 on the American Thinker website.. With federal and state budgets exploding, welfare reform is once again on the menu.. Just about everyone agrees that the 1996 welfare reform was a huge success. By 2009, the number of dependent families had dropped by two-thirds, and federal spending for cash welfare assistance remained stable at $16.5 billion a year. But most importantly, the 96 reform gave dignity to millions by breaking the vicious cycle of multi-generational poverty. Last week, the Republican Study Committee unveiled its Welfare Reform Act of 2011, which includes work requirements for Food Stamps and a mandatory cap on total welfare spending. It was described as "building upon the success" of the 1996 welfare reform. While admirable in its focus on reducing government spending, the new bill ...
Healthcare disparities pose a major challenge to the diverse 21st century America. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of healthcare disparities will rise over the next half century. These trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the healthcare system. Wide disparities exist among groups on the basis of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography. Healthcare disparities have occurred across different regional populations, economic cohorts, and racial/ethnic groups as well as between men and women. Education and income related disparities have also been seen. Social, cultural and economic factors are responsible for inequalities in the healthcare system.. The issue of racial ...
New resources from APTA help explain how the health insurance exchanges (exchanges)-a fundamental component of the Affordable Care Act-will affect providers of physical therapy services. The health care reform law created exchanges to provide competitive marketplaces for individuals and small employers to directly compare available private health insurance options on the basis of price, quality, service, and other factors. The primary purpose of the exchanges is to enhance competition in the health insurance market, improve choice of affordable health insurance, and give small business the same purchasing clout as large business. Find links to general resources, APTA comments and summaries of exchange rules, and related resources, particularly essential health benefits, on APTAs new Health Insurance Exchanges webpage. ...
New resources from APTA help explain how the health insurance exchanges (exchanges)-a fundamental component of the Affordable Care Act-will affect providers of physical therapy services. The health care reform law created exchanges to provide competitive marketplaces for individuals and small employers to directly compare available private health insurance options on the basis of price, quality, service, and other factors. The primary purpose of the exchanges is to enhance competition in the health insurance market, improve choice of affordable health insurance, and give small business the same purchasing clout as large business. Find links to general resources, APTA comments and summaries of exchange rules, and related resources, particularly essential health benefits, on APTAs new Health Insurance Exchanges webpage. ...
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is being challenged in the U.S. Supreme Court, after multiple lawsuits from 26 different states took on various provisions of it, with detractors arguing for the laws unconstitutionality during the oral arguments taking place this week. The nations highest court is examining the healthcare reform law, which was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in March 2010. Of the four federal appellate court rulings preceding the Supreme Courts consideration of the law, two upheld the ACA in its entirety; one ruled the plaintiffs to be without legal standing to bring a case; and a fourth struck down the individual mandate for health insurance purchase as unconstitutional.. The Supreme Courts nine justices will reportedly make a final decision in June. If the courts majority rules the law unconstitutional, it would deal a policy and political setback to President Obama and Democrats in Congress, who have ...
Good on Bill OReilly - not just for veering away from Foxs dishonest attempts to make the Prince Andrew sex case about Bill Clinton but for also shooting down those efforts.. Ive posted twice about the sleazy and sleazier efforts of Foxs Megyn Kelly, Christ Stirewalt and Sean Hannity to drag Bill Clinton into a sex case that alleged under-aged girls were "lent" to Prince Andrew and legal eagle Alan Dershowitz by a Wall Street high flier, Jeffrey Epstein. Because Clinton was one of many big names Epstein palled around with, Kelly, Hannity and Stirewalt deliberately suggested - without a shred of evidence - that Clinton was somehow involved in the sexcapades. Prince Andrew and Dershowitz have strongly denied the allegations, by the way.. A few nights ago, OReilly discussed the case in his "Is it legal" segment. He did not mention Bill Clinton during the segment. So kudos to OReilly for not going there. But he went a step further in his mail segment last night. The first email in the segment ...
On April 3, leaders of the House Energy and Commerce Committee and the House Ways and Means Committee outlined details of a proposal to repeal the current Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) system and replace it with a fair and stable system of physician payment in the Medicare program. Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton (R-Michigan), Ways and Means Committee Chairman Dave Camp (R-Michigan), Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Joe Pitts (R-Pennsylvania) and Ways and Means Health Subcommittee Chairman Kevin Brady (R-Texas) stated that, "Fixing the flawed SGR physician payment system is a top priority for the Committees on Energy and Commerce and Ways and Means. We recognize that the uncertainty over potentially devastating reimbursement cuts makes it difficult for practices to plan for the future. This uncertainty affects decisions to hire necessary staff and make investments in practice improvement.". They added, "We envision a system where providers have the flexibility to ...
Insurance denials are one of the major factors that affect a physicians revenue even though health reforms do address some issues faced by patients and physicians in dealing with insurance companies, the denial rate of claims has not significantly altered due to such reforms. These insurance denials are avoidable especially as they create problems for physicians and providers and delay or even eliminate the possibility of proper provider reimbursement. Dealing with insurance companies is tough enough for experienced physicians; it is even tougher for new physicians who have limited hands-on experience in such matters.. The reforms have played a significant role in reining in insurance companies and some of these policies may work but still remain to be fully tested. The survey conducted by The United States Department of Health and Human Services finds that the rate of denial is 19% but the denial rate increases with the age group of the patient. People who ...
A severe lack of data on consumers and disease patterns has prevented insurers from offering the same type of innovative policies that are available in developed markets. A high claims ratio, combined with problems in the supply chain, has made it difficult for health insurers to make a profit in the short term.". The report "The Private Health Insurance Market in India" by Business Insights presents a detailed examination of Indias nascent private health insurance sector, exploring the market structure, the key trends and the main opportunities. In doing so, it sets the private health insurance sector in the context of the wider health insurance market, which is relevant because privately-owned insurance companies often participate in both the private and social sectors.. USE THE REPORT TO:. ...
Reform Would Tackle Fiscal Challenges Head-On, Save As Much as $20 Billion over the Next 30 Years. BOSTON - Friday, January 11, 2013 - Governor Deval Patrick today announced plans to file legislation to reform health insurance benefits for retirees that would save as much as $20 billion for the Commonwealth and municipalities over the next 30 years. Todays announcement builds on the Governors record of reform and his Administrations commitment to fiscal responsibility for the long-run.. "We have worked hard to make government work better," said Governor Patrick. "With this reform, we create a benefit system that is both fair and sustainable.". The legislation would be based on recommendations included in todays report released by the Commission to Study Retiree Healthcare and Other Non-Pension Benefits (OPEB). The pension reform bill, signed November 2011, established the Commission to ...
Rethinking Health Care , Events , Speakers , Seminars , Resources Dr. Stephanie Woolhandler, Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and founder of "Physicians for a National Health Program," will present her lecture Health Reform: The Need for Single Payer National Health Insurance as part of the Weissman Centers Fall 2009 series, Rethinking Healthcare on Wednesday, November 18, at 7:30 pm in Gamble Auditorium, Art Building, at Mount Holyoke College. The United States spends $2 trillion a year on health care, the highest per capita spending for health care in the world. Despite spending nearly twice as much on health care as residents of other nations, Americans have relatively poor health and access to health care. Americans are dying at an earlier age than the average life expectancy for developed countries. Life expectancy in Canada and much of Western Europe is about two years longer than in the U.S. 47 million Americans have no ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Extramural Loan Repayment Program for Health Disparities Research (LRP-HDR) NOT-OD-12-126. NIH
Beyond the Affordable Care Act: A Physicians Proposal for Single-Payer Health Care Reform establishes the vision and principles that will empower Americans to replace our expensive, inadequate, and inefficient collection of health care systems with an improved Medicare for All.. The proposal outlines the general structure of a single-payer system for the United States, including coverage and eligibility; physician and outpatient care payment; global budgeting of hospitals; health planning and capital investments; coverage for medications, devices, and supplies; the establishment of a national long-term care program; cost-containment; and single-payer financing. The proposal also demonstrates the shortcomings of alternatives to National Health Insurance, including the Affordable Care Act... ...
The National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) tracks disparities in both quality of and access to health care in the United States for both the general population and for AHRQs congressionally designated priority populations.
The National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) tracks disparities in both quality of and access to health care in the United States for both the general population and for AHRQs congressionally designated priority populations.
Second, rather than acknowledge that the fact that such reforms are needed is proof that no one seriously expects the supposed Medicare reforms in Obamacare (like the IPAB and its price controls) to work, the Times parrots the line tried out by various defenders of Obamacare in the past year, that Obamacare would actually move the under-65 market to something like a premium-support system, so its logic is the same as a premium-support reform of Medicare. This ignores the fact that Ryans Medicare reform would transform Medicare-which is currently a purely government-run single-payer fee-for-service insurer-into at least something of a competitive market among private insurers while Obamacare would transform our existing private market (in which competition is already severely constrained and distorted by a variety of federally imposed flaws and inefficiencies) into an even more heavily regulated and less competitive market, while leaving in ...
As a crucial U.S. Supreme Court decision draws nearer, the Obama administration is touting the successes of the health care reform law.. The successes of the Affordable Care Act, the White House said in fact sheet distributed Tuesday, include:. • A big reduction in the number of uninsured. A recent Gallup survey, the White House noted, found that the nations uninsured rate was 11.9% during the first quarter of 2015, a steep fall from 17.1% in 2013.. • Premium subsidies for the lower-income uninsured to use to offset health insurance premiums. Currently, those subsides are being used by 8.7 million people, the White House said.. • Establishment of a system of state and federal health insurance exchanges through which 10.2 million people are receiving coverage.. • Elimination of annual and lifetime dollar limits in health insurance plans and establishment of annual limits on the out-of-pocket expenses plan enrollees can be required to pay.. • Establishment of first-dollar coverage for ...
Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney says Democrats whore promising Americans universal health care coverage are on the wrong track. According to Romney, it would be wrong to impose a single answer on the country. Romney says states should be allowed to experiment with health care reform. The idea that every time theres a challenge in America, the federal government should step in and put in place a one-size-fits-all program is in my opinion an idea that should not be pursued, Romney says. Romney just finished a term as governor of Massachusetts and he signed a health care reform law that forces Massachusetts residents to get health insurance - just like car insurance is mandatory - and the state helps low income Massachusetts residents get insurance. That Massachusetts law also forces businesses to provide health care coverage to employees or pay a fine. The objective - getting people insured - is something which I think Republicans and Democrats can agree on, ...
... The School Board shall have discretion to establish and maintain group health plans for the benefit of eligible employees. Group health plans, as the term is used in this policy, may include, but would not be limited to, major medical, prescription drug, dental and/or vision plans. These group health plans may provide certain health benefits to employees and eligible dependents as permitted by law.. The Board has elected to provide major medical coverage that provides minimum value coverage under the Affordable Care Act for some or all of its eligible employees. The terms and conditions of the health coverage are set forth in the appropriate plan documents.. Adopted 1/13/ ...
Welcome to the Joint Pain Info Local Pages. Here you can find local information about Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatments in Clinton Township, MI. We have compiled a list of businesses and services around Clinton Township, including Orthopedic Surgeons, and Doctors that should help you with your search. Should you wish to find help online, the ads on this page have also been targeted to Physicians & Surgeons in order to better help you find what you are looking for. We hope this page helps satisfy your local needs.
Continuing a history of inequity, private insurers have placed restrictions and limitations on coverage for mental health conditions making access to treatment services increasingly more challenging. A state-by-state advocacy movement has led to the enactment of various state laws to require mental health parity. With the Clinton Administrations attempt at health care reform, mental health parity became part of the health reform debate and led to the passage of the Mental Health Parity Act of 1996. The inadequacies of this law were partially corrected in the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008, which included mandated coverage for substance use conditions. The Obama Administration in 2011 included these provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which does not require compliance monitoring nor does it provide a definition for
Based on the WHO three-dimensional cube measurements of UHC, it appears that most high income countries such as German, United Kingdom, Canada and Australia have achieved UHC goals through equitable health financing mechanisms [14]. Low and middle income countries (LMIC) started the journey towards Universal Health Coverage goals in 2005 following the 57th World Health Assemblys resolution number 58:33 which urged member states to reform health financing arrangements towards UHC [1]. Currently with regards to the WHO three-dimensional cube, Ghana through National Health Insurance scheme [15] and Rwanda through Community Based Health Insurance schemes [16] are among few LMIC which have successfully developed a health financing system that advances the goals of Universal Health Coverage concept [17].. Most studies explored tools and methods to measure progress towards Universal Health Coverage [12, 18] thus concluded that lack of consensus on international benchmark for developing and ...
On Wednesday, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) released a report titled Repealing the Individual Health Insurance Mandate: An Updated Estimate, which now projects $338 billion in savings over 10 years if Congress repeals the Affordable Care Acts (ACA) individual mandate starting in 2019. At the end of 2016, the CBO estimated that repeal of the individual mandate would result in a higher savings of $416 billion.. The CBO and JCT report predicts that enacting repeal legislation would reduce federal budget deficits by about $338 billion over the 2018-2027 period and increase the number of uninsured people by 4 million in 2019 and 13 million in 2027. The report also states that non-group insurance markets would continue to be stable in almost all areas of the country throughout the coming decade, and that average premiums in the non-group market would increase by about 10% in most years of the decade (with no changes in the ages of people purchasing ...
He also noted that the law will save the federal budget a quarter of a trillion dollars over 10 years, and will slow the growth in health care costs. Many provisions in the Affordable Care Act will help to directly lower health insurance premiums, such as increased transparency about insurance premium increases and limits on the percent of insurer premiums that go to administrative expenses and profits. Prevention is being enhanced through better coverage and the elimination of copays for preventive services.. By 2014, when key features of the law-such as the state health insurance exchanges, with subsidies for private coverage, and expanded eligibility for Medicaid-are in place, all Americans will have access to affordable coverage.. As the President observed, now is the time to turn to the bipartisan goal of further reducing the growth in health care costs by adopting medical malpractice reforms and making health care safer for patients. He praised the use of electronic ...
Responsiveness of health care services in low and middle income countries has been given little attention. Despite being introduced over a decade ago in many developing countries, national health insurance schemes have yet to be evaluated in terms of responsiveness of health care services. Although this responsiveness has been evaluated in many developed countries, it has rarely been done in developing countries. The concept of responsiveness is multi-dimensional and can be measured across various domains including prompt attention, dignity, communication, autonomy, choice of provider, quality of facilities, confidentiality and access to family support. This study examines the insured users perspectives of their health care services responsiveness. This retrospective, cross-sectional survey took place between October 2010 and March 2011. The study used a modified out-patient questionnaire from a responsiveness survey designed by the World Health Organization (WHO). Seven hundred and ninety ...
January 1, 2010. SEE ALSO: Foreign governments among Clinton donors. Former President Bill Clintons charity released a donor list Friday under an agreement with President Barack Obama to prevent conflicts with Hillary Rodham Clintons role as secretary of state, but it failed to identify who gave in 2009, her first year in the Cabinet post.. The donor list disclosed by the William J. Clinton Foundation did show that conservative Richard Scaife, who bankrolled anti-Clinton investigations in the 1990s, pitched in money. Also, Saudi Arabia and Norway each donated in the range of $10 million to $25 million to the former presidents charity. Several other foreign governments, including Kuwait, also participated. The biggest donors included the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which gave more than $25 million. The contributors also included troubled insurance giant American International Group, banking industry fixture Citigroup, Inc. and entertain Barbra Streisands foundation.. Clinton foundation ...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented sex and racial/ethnic disparities in outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but the explanation of these disparities remains limited. In a setting that controls for access to medical care, we evaluated whether sex and racial/ethnic disparities in prognosis after AMI persist after consideration of socioeconomic background, personal medical history, and medical management.. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of the members (20,263 men and 10,061 women) of an integrated health care delivery system in northern California who had experienced an AMI between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2002, and were followed up for a median of 3.5 years (maximum, 8 years). Main outcome measures included AMI recurrence and all-cause mortality.. RESULTS: In age-adjusted analyses relative to white men, black men (hazard ratio [HR], 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-1.65), black women ...
Introduction xiii Acknowledgments xvii. The Authors xix. The Contributors xxi. Part One Issues and Methods of Public Health Practice. 1 The Need for Change in the Practice of Public Health 3. Mission and Services of Public Health 3. Public Healths History and Its Impact on Current Services 10. Gap Between Mission and Current Public Health Practice 13. 2 The Success of Public Health Programs: Critical Factors 27. Definition of Public Health 30. Public Health Systems 31. Community Health Workers 34. Population-Based Medicine 36. Problems in Our Health Care System 36. The Need for Improved Accountability of Public Health Professionals 39. Local Health Departments 39. Epidemic of Chronic Diseases 42. Information Management 44. Expansion of Health Education Programs 45. Public Health and the Legacy Concept 46. The Need for Leadership Development in Public Health 48. 3 Critical Issues for the Future of Health Care in the United States 53. Why We Are Failing in Our Health Care Reform Efforts 57. ...
The fact is that spending on border security and immigration enforcement are already at their highest levels . Demands for even more immigration enforcement as a pretext for passing comprehensive immigration reform does not make sense. Violence and crime on the US-Mexico border has been "on the decline" in recent years. And as Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano has said, the border is as "secure now as it has ever been.". Why waste time, money and resources on securing a border that is already secure?. The best way to secure the border is comprehensive immigration reform.. Comprehensive immigration reform, which would include provisions for border security, would provide a realistic mechanism for future legal immigration and would generate at least $1.5 trillion in cumulative GDP over ten years. And by creating a more flexible visa system, immigration reform would likely allow border patrol to focus their resources on ...
Background Regarding Arizonas CPS Reform Efforts When Governor Janet Napolitano assumed office in January 2003, she pledged to make the protection, well-being and permanency of Arizonas most vulnerable children one of her top priorities. On her third day in office, Governor Napolitano established the Governors Advisory Commission on Child Protective Services Reform. This group ? comprised of legislators, court representatives, advocates, community providers, agency directors and law enforcement ? was charged with developing recommendations on numerous issues related to child protection and child welfare. After more than 80 meetings that included key stakeholders, such as foster and adoptive parents, treatment providers, advocates, mentors, and other volunteers, the Commission forwarded to the Governor its list of more than 200 recommendations for improving Arizonas child protection system. These recommendations covered areas of CPS reports, CPS records, CPS structure, ...
Washington, DC) - US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on her trip to Nigeria should encourage President Goodluck Jonathan to address increasingly deadly violence in northern and central Nigeria, Human Rights Watch said in a letter to Clinton on August 7, 2012. Much of the violence has been initiated by the militant Islamist group Boko Haram.. Clinton, who is scheduled to meet with Jonathan in Abuja on August 9, should also raise security force abuses, corruption, and lack of accountability, Human Rights Watch said.. "Nigeria is facing a surge of violence and lawlessness that has blighted the lives of thousands of Nigerians," said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights Watch. "Nigerias leaders need to confront this violence, whether committed by Boko Haram or the countrys security forces.". Attacks by Boko Haram have left more than 1,400 people dead in northern and central Nigeria since 2010. The armed group has targeted police and other government security agents, Christians and ...
This Friday marks the two-year anniversary of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. One provision of health reform for which we see immediate and positive effects is the stipulation allowing young adults up to age 26 to stay on or join their parents employer-sponsored health insurance (ESI) policies.. The figure below compares changes in employment rates and health insurance rates for various age groups. Young adults did not fare well in the job market from 2009-10; their employment rate fell further than any other age group. Given the close relationship between labor market outcomes and employer-sponsored insurance, we would expect declines in coverage for all groups. Instead, ESI actually increased among young adults. It rose particularly dramatically among those who received health care coverage through a family members policy, most likely that of a parents.. ...
Virginia Secretary of Health and Human Resources Bill Hazel recently visited Liberty University to speak to the faculty, staff, and students. He was joined by Del. Scott Garrett of Lynchburg in an event coordinated by Libertys School of Health Sciences.. Charged by Gov. Bob McDonnell to prepare Virginia for health system reform, mandated by President Barack Obamas controversial Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Hazel expressed his personal view. "My own personal belief, and let me add the disclaimer you see on TV, The opinions expressed here are not necessarily those of the management, I think that individuals should be responsible for purchasing their own health insurance. I think that to the extent that taxpayers are supporting coverage, they should support individuals and not employers.". Referencing Libertys College of Osteopathic Medicine, Hazel congratulated the school in launching the new program designed to train and prepare students to meet the nations future health ...
Huckfeldt PJ, Sood N, Escarce JJ, Grabowski DC, Newhouse JP. Effects of Medicare payment reform: Evidence from the home health interim and prospective payment systems. J Health Econ. Mar 1, 2014; 34: --: 1-18: PubMed PMID24395018 ; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4255717 ...
Register Guard (Eugene, Ore.), Letters, June 2, 2014. In his May 24 letter Roger Russell said the serious problems at Veterans Affairs hospitals have to do with allegations of veterans waiting weeks or months to see a doctor, malpractice, fraud and even unnecessary deaths.. Those are symptoms of serious problems related to the VAs size and financing. Its too small to handle the enormous need, and it doesnt receive the resources it needs to do the job.. Russell said having a single-payer system would mean the federal government would take over and control the nations health care system. Thats wrong, too, with the error due to confusing health care financing with health care delivery.. Single-payer is about financing health care. Its like Medicare. Under a single-payer system, the government pays the bills and health care delivery is left in the hands of doctors, nurses and other health care professionals, a matter between patients and their doctors. Unlike private insurance companies, the ...
Non-elderly adults have not been so fortunate. Those between ages 18 and 64 experienced a 4.6 percentage-point increase in the share uninsured from 2000 to 2012. Unlike children, their ESI losses were not fully offset by increasing public coverage.. For young adults, health reform played a key role in preventing a decline in workplace coverage. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes provisions that allow young adults up to age 26 to secure health insurance coverage through their parents employer-sponsored health insurance policies. Looking closely at changes in employer-sponsored insurance since the young adult provision took effect in mid-2010, it is clear that young adults are benefiting.. Figure E illustrates the change in employer-sponsored health insurance and the change in employment rates by age group from 2009 and 2012. Young adults, ages 19-25, are the only age group to see increases in employer-sponsored health insurance since 2009. One explanation for this outcome ...
Health expenditure; public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia was last measured at 54.83 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia.
One of the most vexing policy issues in health care today is that of the continued presence of disparities. The current evidence on disparities in health care is ubiquitous and clearly race is a factor. Several measures of disparity, including mortality rates, quality of care and access to preventative, primary and follow up care demonstrate disparities among Blacks when compared to Whites. Much research has gone into examining the causes of health care disparities, but not a great deal examines the role of prevalence in those disparities. This study seeks to examine the role of prevalence in health care disparities and posits that having a rare disease exposes one to greater disparities than non-rare disease. The 2006 HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was utilized, which captured patient and hospital-level data for all discharges from 658 participating hospitals in 29 ...
AMY GOODMAN: President Bush speaking before Congress in his 2005 State of the Union Address. The President won an initial victory in tort reform on Thursday when a bill sought by corporations to curb class action lawsuits advanced in the Senate. The Judiciary Committee voted 13-5 to approve the measure and send it to the full Senate where it will be considered early next week. The bill transfers most class action lawsuits from State Courts to more stringent Federal Courts, and is the first in a package of changes to the tort system sought by the Bush Administration.. JUAN GONZALEZ: But Republican Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania is trying to take the bill one step further. Specter is pushing forward an amendment to impose new limits on medical malpractice lawsuits, and that would also preclude people who claim they have been, have suffered from asbestos poisoning from filing lawsuits. Asbestos was widely used for fireproofing and insulation until 1970s. Studies have shown that inhaled ...
Some 78 percent of small business owners said they were not familiar with health insurance exchanges and how they could impact their business.. Also, 77 percent of small employers said they were not doing any long-term planning regarding how health care reform might impact their business. The majority of small businesses, 68 percent, either incorrectly believe or arent sure whether they must provide health insurance to employees in 2014. And almost 70 percent either incorrectly believed or were not sure whether they would have to pay a tax for not providing health insurance. Beginning in 2014, the Affordable Care Act requires businesses with 50 or more full-time employees to provide health insurance coverage for their workers. Businesses with fewer than 50 employees are exempt from this requirement.. The survey was conducted anonymously online in August. eHealthInsurance is the countrys first and largest private health insurance exchange.. ...
It is clear that health financing-with the limited resources- has been a challenge that the government has expressed in all national documents. The government realizes the inability to provide free care to all, in particular with high population growth. The current health system has been unable to meet citizens needs of healthcare due to; low governmental expenditure on health, constant increase of private health care cost, inability of citizens to bear financial burden of illness and constraints on the public health sector such as the poor administrative efficiency.. The notion of health insurance in Yemen has been discussed for more than two decades now. Nevertheless, the law of health insurance scheme has been recently enacted upon. Therefore, what is behind the delay in the enactment of health insurance law despite the long existence of the idea and when would the law see the light?. Is it the current structure of the health system that is anticipated to change ...
Our review provides the first systematic evidence synthesis of the literature on the effects of recent organizational changes to primary care in Canada on health system performance outcomes. We found moderate quality evidence that interdisciplinary team-based models of care such as Quebecs FMGs and Albertas PCNs led to reductions in emergency department use, but the evidence was mixed for hospital admissions. We also found low quality evidence that team-based models, blended capitation models and pay-for-performance incentives led to small and sometimes non-significant improvements in processes of care as measured by the delivery of screening and prevention services and chronic disease management. Studies examining the effects of new payment models in Ontario on physician costs and productivity were of high methodological quality and provided a coherent body of evidence assessing enhanced FFS and blended capitation payment models. Findings indicated that moving from enhanced FFS to blended ...
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the issues Japanese law libraries are facing after the judicial system reform which took place in 2001. By examining the effects of the reform, the author identifies the challenges faced by such libraries.. Methods: Interviews were conducted at 17 law libraries to investigate the characteristics of the libraries collections and management aspects such as budgets and personnel.. Results: As an effect of the judicial system reform, law libraries in Japan can now be classified into four categories according to their patrons: 1) law libraries for scholars, 2) law libraries for lawyers, 3) law school libraries, and 4) law libraries for the public. The importance of law school libraries and law libraries for the public (law information services at public libraries) has been underlined due to revisions in legal education and the pending introduction of the citizen judge system. With the revised education system ...
Unlike more established competitors, Mr. Giustra was a newcomer to uranium mining in Kazakhstan, a former Soviet republic. But what his fledgling company lacked in experience, it made up for in connections. Accompanying Mr. Giustra on his luxuriously appointed MD-87 jet that day was a former president of the United States, Bill Clinton.. Upon landing on the first stop of a three-country philanthropic tour, the two men were whisked off to share a sumptuous midnight banquet with Kazakhstans president, Nursultan A. Nazarbayev, whose 19-year stranglehold on the country has all but quashed political dissent.. Mr. Nazarbayev walked away from the table with a propaganda coup, after Mr. Clinton expressed enthusiastic support for the Kazakh leaders bid to head an international organization that monitors elections and supports democracy. Mr. Clintons public declaration undercut both American foreign policy and sharp criticism of Kazakhstans poor human rights record by, among others, Mr. Clintons ...
As part of President Obamas Export Control Reform Initiative, the Bureau of Industry and Security has issued a proposed rule describing how spacecraft systems and related items that the president determines no longer warrant control under the U.S. Munitions List would be controlled under the Commerce Control List in new export control classification numbers 9A515, 9B515, 9D515 and 9E515. Concurrently, the State Departments Directorate of Defense Trade Controls has issued a proposed rule that would revise USML category XV to describe more precisely those types of such articles that warrant continuing control on the USML.. BIS notes that these rules are the first step in implementing the authorities returned to the president by the 2013 National Defense Authorization Act to determine the proper and more tailored controls over the export of satellites and related items. Similar to the creation of a new 600 series of ECCNs controlling munitions items being moved from the USML to the CCL, this ...
President Bush on Tuesday said, One of the things that was necessary in Medicare to make it work better was to start exercising preventative medicine; to analyze and diagnose disease early, before they become acute. Interestingly enough, in the new Medicare reform law that I signed, for the first time were beginning to screen, offer screenings and a free physical for seniors when they sign up for the program.
Racial-ethnic disparities in health status are well documented (IOM 2002, DHHS 1999), but the role of occupational racial-ethnic segregation and hazardous job exposures remain relatively unexplored. Racial-ethnic health disparities may reflect exposure to hazardous work environments that are associated with poor health status. This analysis explores associations between job segregation, occupational skill levels, occupational physical demands, occupational environmental exposures and health status. This study uses individual level data from the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and occupation level data from detailed US Census (2000) and the Occupational Information Network (O*Net 14.0). Preliminary models show that occupation-level demographic variables are significant predictors of both physical and mental health outcomes, although the patterns of associations are unique for each outcome. The percentage of black workers in occupations is associated with greater ...
by Dominic Corva, Social Science Research Director. The national landscape for post-prohibition cannabis laws changed substantially in November as eight states delivered change: four out of five legalization and four out of four medical voter initiatives. California, Maine, Nevada, and Massachusetts passed taxe-and-regulate recreational laws; and Arkansas, Florida, North Dakota and Montana passed medical cannabis initiatives. Only Arizona failed at the ballot box this year, and to understand why one would have to dig into my home states strange brew of right-libertarian-Mormon politics. Briefly, however, its important to remember that Arizona voters passed the most radical drug reform initiative in the US back in 1998, as it included other schedule I substances besides cannabis, but implementation was blocked by various state elements. It also has an extremely liberal authorization policy - I know Humboldt growers that use an online Arizona doctor who apparently has prescription authority in ...
Many Low-and-Middle-Income countries are considering reviewing their health financing systems to meet the principles of Universal Health Coverage (UHC). One financing mechanism, which has dominated UHC reforms, is the development of health insurance schemes. We trace the historical development of the National Health Insurance (NHI) policy, illuminate stakeholders perceptions on the design to inform future development of health financing policies in Kenya. We conducted a retrospective policy analysis of the development of a NHI policy in Kenya using data from document reviews and seven in depth interviews with key stakeholders involved in the NHI design. Analysis was conducted using a thematic framework. The design of a NHI scheme was marked by complex interaction of the actors understanding of the design, proposed implementation strategies and the covert opposition of the reform due to several reasons. First, actors perception of the cost of the NHI design and its ...
In 1954, the Internal Revenue Service stipulated that employer contributions to the health insurance plans of their employees were to be excluded from employee taxable income. Today, the tax subsidy is major feature of the U.S. health care market. This paper examines the initial effects of the tax subsidy on the demand for health insurance using previously unexamined data from 1953 and 1958. Results suggest that the tax subsidy increased the growth of group insurance, particularly among union members and employed persons. This is a critical effect because group insurance is not only less expensive than individual insurance, but it is also easier to obtain, and households with access to group health insurance are far more likely to purchase health insurance coverage than those without similar access. By increasing access to group insurance, the tax subsidy fostered an increase in the purchase of group health insurance by people who may not have purchased ...
Visit the Program Website Community health workers (CHWs) are a vital component of the state and national public health and health care workforce. "Community health worker" is an umbrella term for a number of different job titles, including community health advocates, outreach educators, peer leaders, promotores de salud, doulas, and patient navigators. For many decades, CHWs have made significant contributions to community-based health promotion, disease prevention and maternal child health support. ...
Clinton has called for the establishment of a no-fly zone and "safe zones" on the ground to protect non-combatants. Some analysts fear that protecting those zones could bring the United bring into direct conflict with Russian fighter jets.. "What we should do is focus on ISIS. We should not be focusing on Syria," said Trump as he dined on fried eggs and sausage at his Trump National Doral golf resort. "Youre going to end up in World War Three over Syria if we listen to Hillary Clinton," Trump said.. "Youre not fighting Syria any more, youre fighting Syria, Russia and Iran, all right? Russia is a nuclear country, but a country where the nukes work as opposed to other countries that talk," he said.. Trump said Assad is much stronger now than he was three years ago. He said getting Assad to leave power was less important than defeating Islamic State.. "Assad is secondary, to me, to ISIS," he said.. OBAMA FOCUSED "ON HIS GOLF GAME". On Russia, Trump again knocked Clintons handling of ...
Objectives. We examined the impact of expanding health insurance coverage on socioeconomic disparities in total and cardiovascular disease mortality from 1998 to 2007 in Colombia. Methods. We used Poisson regression to analyze data from mortality registries (633 905 deaths) linked to population census data. We used the relative index of inequality to compare disparities in mortality by education between periods of moderate increase (1998-2002) and accelerated increase (2003-2007) in health insurance coverage. Results. Disparities in mortality by education widened over time. Among men, the relative index of inequality increased from 2.59 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.52, 2.67) in 1998-2002 to 3.07 (95% CI = 2.99, 3.15) in 2003-2007, and among women, from 2.86 (95% CI = 2.77, 2.95) to 3.12 (95% CI = 3.03, 3.21), respectively. Disparities increased yearly by 11% in men and 4% in women in 1998-2002, whereas they increased by 1% in men per ...
Making changes to your family health insurance Texas plan is necessary when you add and subtract people from your policy. You understand the sort of coverage you need, but your health insurance Texas policy must be updated constantly to help you save money. Your health insurance must change when you have a child, adopt a child, send your kids out of the house or bring a new family member into the house. This article explores how your health insurance Texas agent can help you with these complex changes.. #1: A Baby Is Born. You need your health insurance when you are pregnant with your child, but your health insurance Texas policy must be updated the day the baby is born. Your family is growing right before your very eyes, and the insurance carrier must receive updated information for your child. Sending all the insurance information to the carrier yourself is complicated, but sending your updated information to a local health insurance Texas agent will help you submit the necessary information ...
National PTA believes that a comprehensive health program, encompassing health education, health services and healthy school environment includes the following components:. Policy and goals established by local school boards in partnership with parents, students, educators, community health care providers and others, and includes the development, implementation and evaluation of a comprehensive school health program.. Health Curriculum that is comprehensive for all students preschool through 12th grade, sequentially developed, age and culturally appropriate, reflects current health issues of the community, and is taught by educators qualified to present health instruction. The curriculum and instruction program should include the following content areas: accident prevention and safety, community health, consumer health, disease control and prevention, environmental health, eye and vision health, family life education, mental and emotional health, nutrition, personal health, self-esteem building, ...
Alan Dowling consults and researches internationally on health strategy; health information exchange; EHR and PHR adoption; technology-based process innovation and reengineering; and information systems design, adoption and outcome measurement. In addition to his work as a Weatherhead affiliate instructor, he teaches graduate courses in health information systems as an adjunct professor at Case Western Reserve University. Dowling has published and lectured at leading institutions and conferences internationally on the adoption of health information technology, including EHRs and PHRs. He has over 35 years experience in health informatics having, as a U.S. Air Force officer, developed the conceptual design for a worldwide DoD EHR in 1975.. Dowling recently served on the federal Office of the National Coordinator - Health Information Technologys National Alliance Work Group on Defining Health Information Terms (EMR, EHR, and PRH). He was a member of the Clinton Administrations ...
Health Insurance Coverage: Coverage Rate in Maine was last reported at 90.50 % in January of 2012, according to the United States Federal Reserve. Health Insurance Coverage: Coverage Rate in Maine averaged 90.0643 % since its inception reaching a record high of 91.2000 % and a record low of 89.0000 %. This page includes actual data and historical chart for Health Insurance Coverage: Coverage Rate in Maine.
Reducing racial and ethnic disparities in health care has become an important policy goal in the United States and other countries, but evidence to inform interventions to address disparities is limited. The objective of this study was to identify important dimensions of interventions to reduce health care disparities. We used qualitative research methods to examine interventions aimed at improving diabetes and/or cardiovascular care for patients from racial and ethnic minority groups within five health care organizations. We interviewed 36 key informants and conducted a thematic analysis to identify important features of these interventions. Key elements of interventions included two contextual factors (external accountability and alignment of incentives to reduce disparities) and four factors related to the organization or intervention itself (organizational commitment, population health focus, use of data to inform solutions, and a ...
This is the second in a series of briefs exploring health insurance coverage and uninsurance in Oregon using information gathered through the 2011 Oregon Health Insurance Survey (OHIS). This brief provides health insurance results on 15 regions in Oregon.. ...
This survey investigated health insurance coverage, as well as access to and use of health services, in each of ten states. With the goal of remedying the previous lack of state-level data, the survey was conducted to aid in defining problems of insurance coverage and to analyze the impacts of states policy options. The main unit of observation is the health insurance family, which includes the head, spouse, and their children up to age 18, or to age 23 if they were in school. Variables on health insurance coverage include the types of coverage respondents carried (Medicare, Medicaid, additional state or federal programs, and private policies), sources of private policy coverage, premiums paid for private policies, and number of months uninsured during the last year. Access to health care is measured by variables such as the type of usual health care provider, the amount of time it usually took to get to the doctors office, and whether needed medical care was not received ...
Dr. Kopjar is an internationally recognized scholar and expert in biostatistics and clinical epidemiology. He serves as an author/co-author on over 500 published original articles, reviews, technical reports and abstracts. His research interests include: spinal cord injury and diseases, neurosurgery, orthopaedics, preventive medicine and healthcare reform. Dr. Kopjar has been actively participating in the design, management and analysis of clinical trials and medical research for more than 30 years. He is a frequent contributor to such peer-reviewed publications as the Journal of Neurosurgery, the American Journal of Public Health, Spine and the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. In the 1990s he served as the research director for the Norwegian Foundation for Health Services Research and department head of the Section for Preventive Medicine at the Norwegian National Institute of Public Health. As a consultant, he works closely with the leading global ...
The Health Insurance Experiment (HIE) was conducted from 1974 to 1982 in six sites across the country: Dayton, Ohio, Seattle, Washington, Fitchburg-Leominster and Franklin County, Massachusetts, and Charleston and Georgetown County, South Carolina. These sites represent four census regions (Midwest, West, Northeast, and South), as well as urban and rural areas. The HIE attempted to determine what effects alternative cost-sharing plans and a staff-model Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) had on the use of medical services and individual health outcomes. The main purpose of the experiment was to assess how the cost of health services affected individuals use of services, their satisfaction with health care, the quality of their care, and the state of their health. To study the effects of health insurance coverage, a comprehensive method for measuring health and monitoring changes in health over time was developed. Health status was seen as having four dimensions: physical, mental, social, and ...

Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts - WikipediaHealthcare disparity in Massachusetts - Wikipedia

"Access to Care After Massachusetts Health Care Reform: A Safety Net Hospital Patient Survey". Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017 ... Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts refers to the issues in access to, and treatment of, the residents of the state of ... but significant barriers to access of health care still exist. The primary factor affecting access to healthcare is out-of- ... Many factors contribute to healthcare disparity, including access, behavioral risk factors, family history, social determinants ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Healthcare_disparity_in_Massachusetts

Terry Branstad on Health CareTerry Branstad on Health Care

Mental Health Care Reform: secure vulnerable Iowans Vision for mental health reform: *No statewide system of care*County ... Disparity in access, service levels of care, & quality*Essential crisis services exist in only a few counties* Reliance on ... Reform Gun Control Health Care Homeland Security Immigration Infrastructure/Technology Jobs Principles/Values Social Security ... Opposes government-run healthcare.. opposes the CC survey question on government-run healthcare The Christian Coalition voter ...
more infohttp://www.issues2000.org/House/Terry_Branstad_Health_Care.htm

Plus itPlus it

Effects of healthcare reforms on coverage, access, and disparities: quasi-experimental analysis of evidence from Massachusetts ... The third wave of Massachusetts health care access reform. Health Aff (Millwood) 2006;25:w420-31. ... Health disparities across the cancer continuum. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2007;18:1-5. ... Sustaining health reform in a recession: an update on Massachusetts as of fall 2009. Health Aff (Millwood) 2010;29:1234-41. ...
more infohttp://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/21/10/1645

Advancing equity in healthcare | The BMJAdvancing equity in healthcare | The BMJ

... healthcare reform to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in preventable admissions is a striking reminder that improved access ... Why healthcare reform in Massachusetts seemed to reduce disparities in joint replacement by race and ethnicity but not income ... Effect of Massachusetts healthcare reform on racial and ethnic disparities in admissions to hospital for ambulatory care ... First, patients must have access to the healthcare system. Massachusetts reforms expanded eligibility for health insurance and ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/350/bmj.h1617

King v. Burwell - WikipediaKing v. Burwell - Wikipedia

This figure was based on earlier studies of the impact of the Massachusetts health care reform law on death rates in that state ... The brief stated that residents of the 34 states that use the Federal exchange tend to be less healthy and have less access to ... The brief argues that eliminating the subsidies will increase this disparity. On July 22, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for ... The Court noted that previous attempts to reform health care insurance "encouraged people to wait until they got sick to buy ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_v._Burwell

OpenSecrets: Specific IssueOpenSecrets: Specific Issue

... of health care legislation that would reform the health care system to provide affordable quality health care and expand access ... Law 111-148 & 111-152 - Discussed implementation of health disparities data collection provisions of the Affordable Care Act. ... of health care legislation that would reform the health care system to provide affordable quality health care and expand access ... of health care legislation that would reform the health care system to provide affordable quality health care and expand access ...
more infohttps://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/specissue.php?bid=hjres44-112&id=D000023726&year=2011

Language: English / Journal: Columbia Social Work Review | Search Results | Academic CommonsLanguage: English / Journal: Columbia Social Work Review | Search Results | Academic Commons

LGBTQAI+) Health Access Disparities in Female-Identified Clients Hand, Jennifer. 2018. Articles. Sexual minoritiesSocial ... Health care reformSocial serviceMedical telematicsMental health servicesTelecommunication in medicineMental health policy. ... Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers ...
more infohttps://academiccommons.columbia.edu/search?f%5Blanguage_ssim%5D%5B%5D=English&f%5Bpartner_journal_ssi%5D%5B%5D=Columbia+Social+Work+Review&sort=Best+Match

Michelle Obama Campaign: Michelle Obama Defends Husband, Says Black Women Have Her Hubbys Back | News OneMichelle Obama Campaign: Michelle Obama Defends Husband, Says Black Women Have Her Hubby's Back | News One

Its fighting about health care. The issue of health reform is a Black womens issue. In so many instances, not only do you ... Under GOP presidential nominee Mitt Romney, the Affordable Health Care Act - which will grant 32-million Americans access to ... have gender disparities, but you have race disparities. If you look at breast cancer and the like, many of us [Black women] get ... Obviously, health care isnt the only issue that is an obstacle for our community. While the Labor Department released numbers ...
more infohttps://newsone.com/2057753/michelle-obama-campaign/

Spotlighting Innovations in Health Care Around the World - The Commonwealth FundSpotlighting Innovations in Health Care Around the World - The Commonwealth Fund

Health Care Delivery Reform * Health Care Coverage & Access * International Health Policy Center ... ensuring access to urgent and specialized care; reducing disparities and improving care for vulnerable populations; building ... The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved ... Harkness Fellowships in Health Care Policy and Practice * Association of Health Care Journalists Reporting Fellowships on ...
more infohttp://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/blog/2012/jun/spotlighting-innovations-in-health-care-around-the-world

Disparities in health care:  Hispanic communities - ONADisparities in health care: Hispanic communities - ONA

Health care disparities exist among all ethnic populations; and in times when health care reform continues to be transformed, ... Health care disparities are the result of discrimination, differences in access to quality health care, socioeconomic barriers ... is at a great risk for poor health outcomes as a result of poor access to health care.2 Access to health care within the ... Disparities in health care: The black population. *Affordable Care Act Tied to Increased Breast Cancer Care Access for ...
more infohttp://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/advocacy/disparities-in-health-care-hispanic-communities/article/250629/

Preventing Chronic Disease | Intermediate Outcomes of a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program for Spanish-Speaking Older...Preventing Chronic Disease | Intermediate Outcomes of a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program for Spanish-Speaking Older...

Accessed August 18, 2011.. * Perez-Escamilla R. Health care access among Latinos: implications for social and health reforms. J ... Hispanics also face disparities in quality of, and access to, health care (8), which emphasizes the need to improve chronic ... Livingston G, Minushkin S, Cohn D. Hispanics and health care in the United States: access, information, and knowledge. ... National healthcare disparities report, 2005. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/nhdr05/ ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2013/13_0016.htm

Equity Measures and Systems Reform as Tools for Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care - The Commonwealth FundEquity Measures and Systems Reform as Tools for Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care - The Commonwealth Fund

While Medicaid and Medicare have expanded access to health care for poor and minority Americans, these programs have yet to ... Equity Measures and Systems Reform as Tools for Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. August 1, 2005. Authors ... Equity Measures and Systems Reform as Tools for Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, Sidney D. Watson, J.D., ... Equity Measures and Systems Reform as Tools for Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, Sidney D. Watson, J.D., ...
more infohttp://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/fund-reports/2005/aug/equity-measures-and-systems-reform-as-tools-for-reducing-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-health-c

WHO EMRO | Report: Rebuilding of the Lebanese health care system: health sector reforms | Volume 12, issue 3/4 | EMHJ volume 12...WHO EMRO | Report: Rebuilding of the Lebanese health care system: health sector reforms | Volume 12, issue 3/4 | EMHJ volume 12...

Reforms in the financing of health care include proposed universal health insurance and the establishment of a health-care ... While regional disparities exist in use rates, these do not appear to be significant. An interesting finding is that, unlike ... Contrary to the trend with regard to other services, the elderly access far less dental care than those in the age group 15-59 ... Reforming the health care system. When the civil war ended in 1992, the health sector in Lebanon faced several problems: the ...
more infohttp://www.emro.who.int/emhj-volume-12-2006/volume-12-issue-3-4/report-rebuilding-of-the-lebanese-health-care-system-health-sector-reforms.html

Teen Pregnancies Hit New Low, But Disparities Remain | WHQRTeen Pregnancies Hit New Low, But Disparities Remain | WHQR

"The health care reform law was not designed with teens in mind, but ... the more parents that are insured, the more teens or ... Boonstra said increasing the age limit for dependent health care coverage to 26 will increase access to birth control for many ... "The disparity has pretty much been unchanged," said Kathryn Kost, a Guttmacher researcher and co-author of the report. "If you ... Teen Pregnancies Hit New Low, But Disparities Remain By editor • Feb 8, 2012 ...
more infohttp://whqr.org/post/teen-pregnancies-hit-new-low-disparities-remain

Health Care Politics, Policy, and Services, Third EditionHealth Care Politics, Policy, and Services, Third Edition

With a focus on the prevalence of disparities in health and health care, the book reviews the historical evolution and ... and the prospects for health care reform.. *Analyzes disparities in access to health and health care by race, ethnicity, class ... Examines the nations health care needs, the prevalence of health and health care disparities, and the latest theories that ... This book is an ideal text for graduate courses in health care policy or disparities in the U.S. health care system in schools ...
more infohttps://www.springerpub.com/health-care-politics-policy-and-services-third-edition-9780826168979.html

archive: Access to Health Care: School of Law: Loyola University Chicagoarchive: Access to Health Care: School of Law: Loyola University Chicago

Understanding and effectively addressing racial disparities in health care is important to the well-being of our society. ... In addition, Mississippi has not adopted the Medicaid expansion offered by the federal health reform law. Given its myriad ... Students enrolled in Professor Larry Singers Access to Health Care Seminar met over spring break with public health ... It also has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the U.S-the disparity between white and non-white babies is almost two ...
more infohttps://www.luc.edu/law/stories/archive/accesstohealthcare.shtml

State Public Health | ASTHOState Public Health | ASTHO

... healthcare reform that aims to eliminate health disparities in rural and other disadvantaged areas has an opportunity to ... Challenges with access to care are exacerbated by the influence of the social determinants of health and health disparities. ... Living Atlas of the World - Relevant features include healthcare access application and the CDC Social Vulnerability Index data ... In a cross-sectional retrospective study examining the impact of spatial access to healthcare services on late detection of ...
more infohttps://astho.org/Programs/Prevention/BC-Disparities-Online-Toolkit/Toolkit/

Author Page for Valarie Blake :: SSRNAuthor Page for Valarie Blake :: SSRN

Disability Rights; Health Reform; ADA; Health Insurance; Access to Healthcare for the Disabled; Disabled Health Disparities ... civil rights, health disparities, disability, health insurance, Affordable Care Act, health reform, Section 1557, ... Recalling the Purpose of Health Insurance and Reform Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2015 ...
more infohttps://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=2456614

Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies -  UCTV - University of California TelevisionPhilip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies - UCTV - University of California Television

Health Care Reform: Are ACAs and Bundled Payments the New New Things? What Happened to the Old New Things? ... Disparity in childrens access to needed specialty care.. Date: 8/17/2012 Hits/Views: 259,182 ... Access is a Prerequisite to Quality - Can Children Who Need Specialty Health Care Get in the Door? ... The Changing Behavioral Health Care Landscape: The Need for Evidence-Based Practice. Trends in behavioral health over the last ...
more infohttps://www.uctv.tv/healthpolicy/

New, National Amnesty International Report Finds Appalling U.S. Death Rate for Women Having Babies, Systemic Failures and...New, National Amnesty International Report Finds Appalling U.S. Death Rate for Women Having Babies, Systemic Failures and...

Disparities,in,Maternal,Health,Care,System;,Maryland,is,48th,Among,All,States,in,Maternal,Mortality,medicine,medical news today ... "Reform is primarily focused on health care coverage and reducing health care costs, and even optimistic estimates predict that ... Lack of access to health care centers and providers is a problem nationwide, the report found; in Maryland 40 percent of women ... Amnesty Internationals analysis shows that health care reform before Congress does not address the crisis of maternal health care ...
more infohttp://www.bio-medicine.org/medicine-news-1/New--National-Amnesty-International-Report-Finds-Appalling-U-S--Death-Rate-for-Women-Having-Babies--Systemic-Failures-and-Shocking-Disparities-in-Mate-68663-1/

Health Care Reform: The Impact of Novembers Elections  | Springer PublishingHealth Care Reform: The Impact of November's Elections | Springer Publishing

Eliminating disparities will decrease health care costs and improve quality of life, which will impact health care systems ... which can improve the health and access of the Hispanic community. The ability of Hispanics to unify their voices will further ... The increase in health care coverage provides preventative medicine coverage, which can help reduce disparities among the ... which will improve the health and eliminate health care disparities that continue to exist.This editorial is reposted from ...
more infohttp://www.springerpub.com/w/blog/nursing/health-care-reform-the-impact-of-novembers-elections/

Health Disparities - The Health Care BlogHealth Disparities - The Health Care Blog

... at the forefront of healthcare reform. As defined by the report, SDoH are the "conditions in the environment in which people ... reported that in 2005 only 54 percent of Latinos experiencing an injury or illness had timely access to healthcare, compared to ... Top categories: Uncategorized / THCB / OP-ED / Physicians / Health 2.0 / Matthew Holt / Tech / The Business of Health Care / ... Tag: Health Disparities. Role of Innovation in Addressing Social Determinants of Health May 29, 2019. • 0 ...
more infohttps://thehealthcareblog.com/blog/tag/health-disparities/

NCHS - 2012 National Conference on Health Statistics - Presentations - TopicNCHS - 2012 National Conference on Health Statistics - Presentations - Topic

Health care reform: SS-07 *Health disparities: SS-23 *Healthy People 2020: SS-23 , SS-25 ... Data access: SS-01 *Data linkage: SS-28 *Data standards: SS-34 ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/nchs/events/2012nchs/presentations_topic.htm

Timeline | Health Care Reform | CignaTimeline | Health Care Reform | Cigna

Cignas timeline of health care reform can help you understand changes and impacts. You can print out the entire timeline, or ... Cignas timeline of health care reform can help you understand changes and impacts. You can print out the entire timeline, or ... This new rule was established to promote the ACA goals of expanding access to health care and coverage, eliminating barriers, ... and reducing health disparities.. The broad application of this final rule will affect the federal and state Marketplaces, all ...
more infohttps://www.cigna.com/health-care-reform/timeline

Disparity | definition of disparity by Medical dictionaryDisparity | definition of disparity by Medical dictionary

... disparity explanation free. What is disparity? Meaning of disparity medical term. What does disparity mean? ... Looking for online definition of disparity in the Medical Dictionary? ... which may reduce their access to health care services compared to full-time employees.. New wrinkle in growing health gap ... Healthcare Disparities at the Crossroads with Healthcare Reform. For instance, the increase in disparity among employed men may ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/disparity
  • Acknowledging that "to err is human," systems reform envisions quality improvement as an organizational responsibility. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • 12 Though studies on the subject to date have been limited, the available research indicates that building bridges between siloed information systems and organizational boundaries can ameliorate health disparities in underresourced settings. (ahima.org)
  • To successfully navigate the legal, ethical, cultural, and technological challenges that agencies face when sharing sensitive health information across organizational boundaries, there is a pressing need for the establishment and formalization of data governance standards and policies, specifically those that relate to the safe and secure exchange of healthcare data. (ahima.org)
  • Thus, there is a compounding of issues that face communities of low socioeconomic status that lead to a lack of both preventative healthcare, and treatment once individuals do fall ill. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recognizing Falls Prevention Awareness Day 2019, APTQI is advocating for greater patient access to fall prevention tools such as manual and exercise therapy. (pr.com)
  • With a focus on improving epidemiologic capacity, states that participated in the learning community were better equipped to define their disparity and in position to take data-driven action with the input of key stakeholders. (astho.org)
  • Attendees will sit with key stakeholders and build innovative recommendations for reform. (bio-medicine.org)
  • It also has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the U.S-the disparity between white and non-white babies is almost two-to-one. (luc.edu)
  • The concentration of incarcerated individuals with mental health and physical problems in the United States has led to the labeling of jails and prisons as the "hospitals of last resort" for those unable to access healthcare services in the community. (ahima.org)
  • The presence of fixation disparity often indicates that binocular vision is under stress and the patient has an uncompensated heterophoria. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • As more people require the services of the healthcare field over the next few decades, increased attention will be put on patient safety. (snhu.edu)
  • Throughout your studies, you'll gain a comprehensive knowledge of healthcare administration while learning how to take on the patient advocacy role that a growing number of consumers require for their well-being. (snhu.edu)
  • 10 Low income, rural residents might have health insurance but lack access to orthopedic surgeons because of maldistribution of doctors. (bmj.com)
  • Insurance exchanges to govern health insurance markets in the Netherlands and Switzerland, similar in many respects to those that states are creating around the U.S. as part of health reform. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Many entrenched risk communities face a diaspora of problems that stem from their socioeconomic status, including higher poverty rates, lower employment rates, low educational needs, and competing needs like housing that take a priority over healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cervical cancer represents one the greatest health disparities facing the Hispanic community. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • The ASTHO Breast Cancer Disparities Learning Community was born out of providing a response to the alarming trend that black women in the U.S. are approximately 40 percent more likely to die of breast cancer than white women . (astho.org)
  • Technological innovations in information management used to improve healthcare delivery in community settings have generally not been applied in jails or prisons. (ahima.org)
  • Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University , Barnard College , Teachers College , Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary . (columbia.edu)
  • This study is part of a developing body of research to quantify healthcare delivery changes under the ACA," Chino said. (medicalxpress.com)
  • NCQA urges CMS to rely on Exchange-specific accreditation and address disparities via stratification. (ncqa.org)