Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Perception of three-dimensionality.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The turning inward of the lines of sight toward each other.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.

Variation in hepatitis C services may lead to inequity of heath-care provision: a survey of the organisation and delivery of services in the United Kingdom. (1/2110)

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC) is a major healthcare problem. Effective anti-viral therapy is available. To maximise population effectiveness, co-ordinated services for detection and management of patients with CHC are required. There is a need to determine patterns of healthcare delivery to plan improvements. A study was conducted to determine workload, configuration and care processes of current UK services available to manage patients with CHC. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of consultant members of British Association for the Study of the Liver (n = 53), Infectious Disease consultants (n = 43), and a 1 in 5 sample of Genito-Urinary Medicine (n = 48) and gastroenterologists (n = 200). RESULTS: Response rate was 70%. 40% of respondents provided a comprehensive service (included treatment and follow-up): speciality of clinical leads identified as Hepatology (37%); Gastroenterology (47%); and Infectious Disease (16%). The estimated number of patients managed by respondents was about 23,000 with an upward trend over the previous 3 years. There was variation between comprehensive service providers, including unit size, eligibility criteria for treatment, and drug regimes. Key barriers to quality of care identified were staffing capacity, funding of treatment and patient non-attendance. Most English strategic health authorities had at least one comprehensive service provider. CONCLUSION: There was significant variation in all aspects of the patient pathway which may contribute to inequity of health care provision. Services need to be expanded to form geographical clinical networks, and properly resourced to ensure greater uptake and more equitable delivery of services if the future burden of chronic liver disease is to be reduced.  (+info)

Health care provision for illegal migrants: may health policy make a difference? (2/2110)

Illegal migrants in Europe are, generally, only entitled to emergency care and services for children and pregnant women. In 2002 legal changes in Spain made accessible medical cards and free medical care for illegal migrants in similar terms than the legal migrants or the Spanish population. We interviewed 380 migrants to assess whether there were differences on health services utilization by legal status. We did not find differences in the utilization of health services when ill between legal and illegal migrants. However, a significantly lower utilization of health services was associated with less education (RP = 0.4; 95% CI: 0.2-0.9).  (+info)

Ethnic segregation in Kosovo's post-war health care system. (3/2110)

BACKGROUND: Seven years after the end of war in Kosovo, Final Status Negotiations have begun to determine the long-term political future of the province. This article provides an overview of the present situation regarding ethnic groups and their relations in Kosovo's health care system that might be helpful in preparing for the array of potential ramifications and repercussions that could arise at the conclusion of the negotiations. METHODS: A review of the literature (including grey) was performed, and 16 interviews and two focus groups with key informants were conducted in Kosovo during October and November 2004. In addition, six informal discussions were held in-person or by telephone in London. Information collected in 2004 was re-confirmed and partially updated in October and November 2005, when three additional interviews were conducted in Kosovo. RESULTS: Ongoing ethnic tensions in Kosovo, mainly between the Albanian and Serb populations, perpetuate a rigidly segregated health care system. Some other minority communities, such as the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians, are afflicted by the double burden of getting caught up in the middle of these ethnic disputes and at the same time suffering from poverty and discrimination. CONCLUSION: While efforts have been put forward to promote peace-building within Kosovo's post-war health sector, very little progress has been achieved in fostering ethnic integration, reconciliation, cooperation or even co-existence. This failure reflects Kosovo's broader unresolved inter-ethnic problems. Final Status Negotiations are one of the last opportunities for the international community to address the problems of ethnic segregation in the province.  (+info)

Motivation and relevance of emergency room visits among immigrants and patients of Danish origin. (4/2110)

BACKGROUND: We investigated the extent to which immigrants and patients of Danish origin have different motivations for seeking emergency room (ER) treatment, and differences in the relevance of their claims. METHODS: Data were obtained from a questionnaire survey of walk-in patients and their caregivers at four Copenhagen ERs. The patient survey was available in nine languages, and addressed patient-identified reasons for using the ER. Caregivers were asked if the claim was appropriate to the ER. 3809 patients and 3905 caregivers responded. The response rate among patients was 54%. Only questionnaires in which both patient and caregiver had responded, and in which data on the patient's nationality were available, were included in the analyses (n = 3426). The effect of region of origin was examined using bivariate, stratified analyses and tested for independence. RESULTS: More among immigrant patients than among patients of Danish origin had considered contacting a primary caregiver before visiting the ER, and more immigrants reported going to the ER because they could not contact a general practitioner, or could not explain their problem on the telephone. Compared to immigrants, more patients of Danish origin explained that the ER was most relevant to their need. A higher proportion of claims among immigrants were seen by caregivers as not being appropriate to the ER. CONCLUSION: Migrants have more irrelevant ER claims, presumably because of barriers in access to primary care. Access to primary care should be facilitated for these groups. Alternatively, ERs could include primary care activities as part of their services.  (+info)

End-of-life care for nursing home residents dying from cancer in Nova Scotia, Canada, 2000-2003. (5/2110)

INTRODUCTION: With our population aging, an increasing proportion of cancer deaths will occur in nursing homes, yet little is known about their end-of-life care. This paper identifies associations between residing in a nursing home and end-of-life palliative cancer care, controlling for demographic factors. METHODS: For this population-based study, a data file was created by linking individual-level data from the Nova Scotia Cancer Centre Oncology Patient Information System, Vital Statistics, and the Halifax and Cape Breton Palliative Care Programs for all persons 65 years and over dying of cancer from 2000 to 2003. Multivariate logistic regression was used to compare nursing home residents to nonresidents. RESULTS: Among the 7,587 subjects, 1,008 (13.3%) were nursing home residents. Nursing home residents were more likely to be female [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-1.7], older (for > or = 90 vs 65-69 years OR 5.4, CI 4.1-7.0), rural (OR 1.5, CI 1.2-1.8), have only a death certificate cancer diagnosis (OR 4.2, CI 2.8-6.3), and die out of hospital (OR 8.5, CI 7.2-10.0). Nursing home residents were less likely to receive palliative radiation (OR 0.6, CI 0.4-0.7), medical oncology consultation (OR 0.2, CI 0.1-0.4), and palliative care program enrollment (Halifax OR 0.2, CI 0.2-0.3; Cape Breton OR 0.4, CI 0.3-0.7). CONCLUSION: Demographic characteristics and end-of-life services differ between those residing and those not residing in nursing homes. These inequalities may or may not reflect inequities in access to quality end-of-life care.  (+info)

Statins prescribing for the secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease in Torino, Italy. A case of ageism and social inequalities. (6/2110)

BACKGROUND: Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics can influence statins prescribing for the secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). We studied the determinants of the prescription of statins in people with IHD in a population in Italy, the country with the lowest prescribing rate in Europe. METHODS: All 2001/2002 residents in Torino, aged 30-85 years, with a hospital discharge diagnosis of IHD were linked to the regional Database of Drug Prescriptions to identify those persons who, within 3 months after discharge, had been prescribed statins. Log-binomial models were used to test statins prescription associations with clinical and socio-demographic characteristics. RESULTS: Statins were prescribed to 31.0% of 7446 patients. Among persons >74 years of age, the prescription rate was 40% lower than that found for younger persons. A positive association was also found for: female gender, being married, a main discharge diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, revascularization, diabetes and discharge from a cardiology ward. Age was an important effect modifier of the relationship between the prescribing rate and social, but not clinical, determinants. CONCLUSIONS: The prevention of IHD with statins is influenced by age, clinical and social factors. The prescribing rate is higher among population groups for whom statins are of proven efficacy. Among patients for whom the efficacy is uncertain, the decision to prescribe is influenced by non-clinical factors, suggesting that there exist both age-based and social-based mechanisms of rationing. Age and social determinants act in concert to further reduce the propensity of physicians to prescribe statins.  (+info)

Gender and health promotion: a multisectoral policy approach. (7/2110)

Women and men are different as regards their biology, the roles and responsibilities that society assigns to them and their position in the family and community. These factors have a great influence on causes, consequences and management of diseases and ill-health and on the efficacy of health promotion policies and programmes. This is confirmed by evidence on male-female differences in cause-specific mortality and morbidity and exposure to risk factors. Health promoting interventions aimed at ensuring safe and supportive environments, healthy living conditions and lifestyles, community involvement and participation, access to essential facilities and to social and health services need to address these differences between women and men, boys and girls in an equitable manner in order to be effective. The aim of this paper is to (i) demonstrate that health promotion policies that take women's and men's differential biological and social vulnerability to health risks and the unequal power relationships between the sexes into account are more likely to be successful and effective compared to policies that are not concerned with such differences, and (ii) discuss what is required to build a multisectoral policy response to gender inequities in health through health promotion and disease prevention. The requirements discussed in the paper include i) the establishment of joint commitment for policy within society through setting objectives related to gender equality and equity in health as well as health promotion, ii) an assessment and analysis of gender inequalities affecting health and determinants of health, iii) the actions needed to tackle the main determinants of those inequalities and iv) documentation and dissemination of effective and gender sensitive policy interventions to promote health. In the discussion of these key policy elements, we use illustrative examples of good practices from different countries around the world.  (+info)

Community capacity building and health promotion in a globalized world. (8/2110)

In this paper, community capacity building (CCB) is seen as part of a long-standing health promotion tradition involving community action in health promotion. The conceptual context of the term CCB is presented, and compared with other community approaches. The usage of the term is variable. It is submitted that its common features are (i) the concepts of capacity and empowerment (versus disease and deficiency), (ii) bottom-up, community-determined agendas and actions and (iii) processes for developing competence. A brief literature review looks at some of the main contributions from the 1990 s on, which reveal an emphasis on building competencies, the measurement of community capacity and the attempt to break CCB down into operational components. Academic research on the impact of CCB on health is lacking, but multiple case studies documented in the 'grey literature' suggest CCB is highly effective, as does research in related areas, such as community empowerment. Five contemporary case studies submitted by the contributing authors show both the range and efficacy of CCB applications. The concluding synthesis and recommendations say that what is needed for health promotion in a globalized world is a balance between global macro (policy, regulatory, etc.) actions and those of the human and local scale represented by CCB. It is concluded that action centred on empowered and capable communities, in synergistic collaboration with other key players, may be the most powerful instrument available for the future of health promotion in a globalized world.  (+info)

Healthcare disparities refer to differences in the quality, accessibility, and outcomes of healthcare that are systematically related to social or economic disadvantage. These disparities may exist between different racial, ethnic, socioeconomic, gender, sexual orientation, geographic, or disability status groups. They can result from a complex interplay of factors including provider bias, patient-provider communication, health system policies, and structural racism, among others. Healthcare disparities often lead to worse health outcomes and reduced quality of life for disadvantaged populations.

Minority Health is a term used to describe the health status and disparities that affect racial, ethnic, sexual, and gender minority populations. According to the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), minority health refers to "the study of differences in health status or events and access to health care across racial and ethnic groups."

Minority health disparities are differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among minorities and other population groups. These disparities are often related to social, economic, and environmental factors, such as poverty, lack of access to quality healthcare, discrimination, and limited educational opportunities.

Minority Health is an important field of study because it helps to identify and address the health needs and challenges faced by marginalized populations. By understanding and addressing these disparities, healthcare providers can develop more effective strategies to improve the health outcomes of minority populations and reduce health inequities.

I'm happy to help! However, it's important to note that while "social justice" is a term used in many fields, including public health and medicine, it does not have a single, universally accepted medical definition. Instead, the concept of social justice in healthcare is generally understood as the pursuit of fairness, equity, and equality in the distribution of healthcare resources, opportunities, and outcomes.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines social justice as "the fair and equitable distribution of social determinants of health, which are conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, including the health system." According to this definition, social justice in healthcare requires addressing the root causes of health disparities, such as poverty, discrimination, and lack of access to education and employment opportunities.

The American Public Health Association (APHA) defines social justice as "the distribution of resources, benefits, and burdens of society to all individuals and groups. When principles of social justice are applied, the resulting distribution is equitable and all members of society have a fair opportunity to benefit from the resources, benefits, and burdens."

In summary, while there may not be a single medical definition of social justice, it is generally understood as the pursuit of fairness, equity, and equality in healthcare and health outcomes. This involves addressing the root causes of health disparities and ensuring that all individuals have access to the resources and opportunities they need to achieve optimal health.

In the context of healthcare and medicine, "minority groups" refer to populations that are marginalized or disadvantaged due to factors such as race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability status, or socioeconomic status. These groups often experience disparities in healthcare access, quality, and outcomes compared to the dominant or majority group.

Minority groups may face barriers to care such as language barriers, cultural differences, discrimination, lack of trust in the healthcare system, and limited access to insurance or affordable care. As a result, they may have higher rates of chronic diseases, poorer health outcomes, and lower life expectancy compared to the majority population.

Healthcare providers and policymakers must recognize and address these disparities by implementing culturally sensitive and equitable practices, increasing access to care for marginalized populations, and promoting diversity and inclusion in healthcare education and leadership.

Health services accessibility refers to the degree to which individuals and populations are able to obtain needed health services in a timely manner. It includes factors such as physical access (e.g., distance, transportation), affordability (e.g., cost of services, insurance coverage), availability (e.g., supply of providers, hours of operation), and acceptability (e.g., cultural competence, language concordance).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), accessibility is one of the key components of health system performance, along with responsiveness and fair financing. Improving accessibility to health services is essential for achieving universal health coverage and ensuring that everyone has access to quality healthcare without facing financial hardship. Factors that affect health services accessibility can vary widely between and within countries, and addressing these disparities requires a multifaceted approach that includes policy interventions, infrastructure development, and community engagement.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Vision disparity, also known as binocular vision disparity, refers to the difference in the image that is perceived by each eye. This can occur due to a variety of reasons such as misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), unequal refractive power in each eye (anisometropia), or abnormalities in the shape of the eye (astigmatism).

When there is a significant difference in the image that is perceived by each eye, the brain may have difficulty combining the two images into a single, three-dimensional perception. This can result in visual symptoms such as double vision (diplopia), eyestrain, headaches, and difficulty with depth perception.

Vision disparity can be detected through a comprehensive eye examination and may be treated with corrective lenses, prism lenses, vision therapy, or surgery, depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.

Health status disparities refer to differences in the health outcomes that are observed between different populations. These populations can be defined by various sociodemographic factors such as race, ethnicity, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, age, disability, income, education level, and geographic location. Health status disparities can manifest as differences in rates of illness, disease prevalence or incidence, morbidity, mortality, access to healthcare services, and quality of care received. These disparities are often the result of systemic inequities and social determinants of health that negatively impact certain populations, leading to worse health outcomes compared to other groups. It is important to note that health status disparities are preventable and can be addressed through targeted public health interventions and policies aimed at reducing health inequities.

Depth perception is the ability to accurately judge the distance or separation of an object in three-dimensional space. It is a complex visual process that allows us to perceive the world in three dimensions and to understand the spatial relationships between objects.

Depth perception is achieved through a combination of monocular cues, which are visual cues that can be perceived with one eye, and binocular cues, which require input from both eyes. Monocular cues include perspective (the relative size of objects), texture gradients (finer details become smaller as distance increases), and atmospheric perspective (colors become less saturated and lighter in value as distance increases). Binocular cues include convergence (the degree to which the eyes must turn inward to focus on an object) and retinal disparity (the slight difference in the images projected onto the two retinas due to the slightly different positions of the eyes).

Deficits in depth perception can occur due to a variety of factors, including eye disorders, brain injuries, or developmental delays. These deficits can result in difficulties with tasks such as driving, sports, or navigating complex environments. Treatment for depth perception deficits may include vision therapy, corrective lenses, or surgery.

African Americans are defined as individuals who have ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. This term is often used to describe people living in the United States who have total or partial descent from enslaved African peoples. The term does not refer to a single ethnicity but is a broad term that includes various ethnic groups with diverse cultures, languages, and traditions. It's important to note that some individuals may prefer to identify as Black or of African descent rather than African American, depending on their personal identity and background.

The term "European Continental Ancestry Group" is a medical/ethnic classification that refers to individuals who trace their genetic ancestry to the continent of Europe. This group includes people from various ethnic backgrounds and nationalities, such as Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western European descent. It is often used in research and medical settings for population studies or to identify genetic patterns and predispositions to certain diseases that may be more common in specific ancestral groups. However, it's important to note that this classification can oversimplify the complex genetic diversity within and between populations, and should be used with caution.

Binocular vision refers to the ability to use both eyes together to create a single, three-dimensional image of our surroundings. This is achieved through a process called binocular fusion, where the images from each eye are aligned and combined in the brain to form a unified perception.

The term "binocular vision" specifically refers to the way that our visual system integrates information from both eyes to create depth perception and enhance visual clarity. When we view an object with both eyes, they focus on the same point in space and send slightly different images to the brain due to their slightly different positions. The brain then combines these images to create a single, three-dimensional image that allows us to perceive depth and distance.

Binocular vision is important for many everyday activities, such as driving, reading, and playing sports. Disorders of binocular vision can lead to symptoms such as double vision, eye strain, and difficulty with depth perception.

The "delivery of health care" refers to the process of providing medical services, treatments, and interventions to individuals in order to maintain, restore, or improve their health. This encompasses a wide range of activities, including:

1. Preventive care: Routine check-ups, screenings, immunizations, and counseling aimed at preventing illnesses or identifying them at an early stage.
2. Diagnostic services: Tests and procedures used to identify and understand medical conditions, such as laboratory tests, imaging studies, and biopsies.
3. Treatment interventions: Medical, surgical, or therapeutic treatments provided to manage acute or chronic health issues, including medications, surgeries, physical therapy, and psychotherapy.
4. Acute care services: Short-term medical interventions focused on addressing immediate health concerns, such as hospitalizations for infections, injuries, or complications from medical conditions.
5. Chronic care management: Long-term care and support provided to individuals with ongoing medical needs, such as those living with chronic diseases like diabetes, heart disease, or cancer.
6. Rehabilitation services: Programs designed to help patients recover from illnesses, injuries, or surgeries, focusing on restoring physical, cognitive, and emotional function.
7. End-of-life care: Palliative and hospice care provided to individuals facing terminal illnesses, with an emphasis on comfort, dignity, and quality of life.
8. Public health initiatives: Population-level interventions aimed at improving community health, such as disease prevention programs, health education campaigns, and environmental modifications.

The delivery of health care involves a complex network of healthcare professionals, institutions, and systems working together to ensure that patients receive the best possible care. This includes primary care physicians, specialists, nurses, allied health professionals, hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities, and public health organizations. Effective communication, coordination, and collaboration among these stakeholders are essential for high-quality, patient-centered care.

An ethnic group is a category of people who identify with each other based on shared ancestry, language, culture, history, and/or physical characteristics. The concept of an ethnic group is often used in the social sciences to describe a population that shares a common identity and a sense of belonging to a larger community.

Ethnic groups can be distinguished from racial groups, which are categories of people who are defined by their physical characteristics, such as skin color, hair texture, and facial features. While race is a social construct based on physical differences, ethnicity is a cultural construct based on shared traditions, beliefs, and practices.

It's important to note that the concept of ethnic groups can be complex and fluid, as individuals may identify with multiple ethnic groups or switch their identification over time. Additionally, the boundaries between different ethnic groups can be blurred and contested, and the ways in which people define and categorize themselves and others can vary across cultures and historical periods.

I'm not aware of a specific medical definition for "Continental Population Groups." However, in the context of genetics and population health, continental population groups often refer to the major population divisions based on genetic ancestry and geographical origin. These groups typically include:

1. African: Individuals with recent ancestry primarily from Africa, particularly sub-Saharan Africa.
2. European: Individuals with recent ancestry primarily from Europe.
3. Asian: Individuals with recent ancestry primarily from Asia, including East Asia, South Asia, and Central Asia.
4. Native American: Individuals with recent ancestry primarily from the indigenous populations of North, Central, and South America.
5. Oceanian: Individuals with recent ancestry primarily from Australia, New Guinea, and neighboring islands in the Pacific region.

It is important to note that these categories are not exhaustive or mutually exclusive, as human migration and admixture have led to a complex web of genetic ancestries. Furthermore, using continental population labels can oversimplify the rich diversity within each group and may perpetuate harmful stereotypes or misunderstandings about racial and ethnic identities.

Socioeconomic factors are a range of interconnected conditions and influences that affect the opportunities and resources a person or group has to maintain and improve their health and well-being. These factors include:

1. Economic stability: This includes employment status, job security, income level, and poverty status. Lower income and lack of employment are associated with poorer health outcomes.
2. Education: Higher levels of education are generally associated with better health outcomes. Education can affect a person's ability to access and understand health information, as well as their ability to navigate the healthcare system.
3. Social and community context: This includes factors such as social support networks, discrimination, and community safety. Strong social supports and positive community connections are associated with better health outcomes, while discrimination and lack of safety can negatively impact health.
4. Healthcare access and quality: Access to affordable, high-quality healthcare is an important socioeconomic factor that can significantly impact a person's health. Factors such as insurance status, availability of providers, and cultural competency of healthcare systems can all affect healthcare access and quality.
5. Neighborhood and built environment: The physical conditions in which people live, work, and play can also impact their health. Factors such as housing quality, transportation options, availability of healthy foods, and exposure to environmental hazards can all influence health outcomes.

Socioeconomic factors are often interrelated and can have a cumulative effect on health outcomes. For example, someone who lives in a low-income neighborhood with limited access to healthy foods and safe parks may also face challenges related to employment, education, and healthcare access that further impact their health. Addressing socioeconomic factors is an important part of promoting health equity and reducing health disparities.

"Health personnel" is a broad term that refers to individuals who are involved in maintaining, promoting, and restoring the health of populations or individuals. This can include a wide range of professionals such as:

1. Healthcare providers: These are medical doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists, allied health professionals (like physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, dietitians, etc.), and other healthcare workers who provide direct patient care.

2. Public health professionals: These are individuals who work in public health agencies, non-governmental organizations, or academia to promote health, prevent diseases, and protect populations from health hazards. They include epidemiologists, biostatisticians, health educators, environmental health specialists, and health services researchers.

3. Health managers and administrators: These are professionals who oversee the operations, finances, and strategic planning of healthcare organizations, such as hospitals, clinics, or public health departments. They may include hospital CEOs, medical directors, practice managers, and healthcare consultants.

4. Health support staff: This group includes various personnel who provide essential services to healthcare organizations, such as medical records technicians, billing specialists, receptionists, and maintenance workers.

5. Health researchers and academics: These are professionals involved in conducting research, teaching, and disseminating knowledge related to health sciences, medicine, public health, or healthcare management in universities, research institutions, or think tanks.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines "health worker" as "a person who contributes to the promotion, protection, or improvement of health through prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, palliation, health promotion, and health education." This definition encompasses a wide range of professionals working in various capacities to improve health outcomes.

Hispanic Americans, also known as Latino Americans, are individuals in the United States who are of Spanish-speaking origin or whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, Cuba, the Caribbean, Central and South America. This group includes various cultures, races, and nationalities. It is important to note that "Hispanic" refers to a cultural and linguistic affiliation rather than a racial category. Therefore, Hispanic Americans can be of any race, including White, Black, Asian, Native American, or mixed races.

Ocular convergence is the normal, inward movement of both eyes towards each other to focus on a nearby object. This coordinated action allows for single, clear vision (binocular vision) of the object. It is an important component of visual function and is controlled by the brain receiving input from the muscles that move the eyes.

Convergence insufficiency is a common condition where the eyes have difficulty maintaining alignment during close work, such as reading or using a computer. This can result in eye strain, double vision, and difficulty concentrating. Treatment for convergence insufficiency may include vision therapy, exercises to improve convergence ability, and/or the use of prism lenses.

Quality of health care is a term that refers to the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge. It encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Clinical effectiveness: The use of best available evidence to make decisions about prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care. This includes considering the benefits and harms of different options and making sure that the most effective interventions are used.
2. Safety: Preventing harm to patients and minimizing risks associated with healthcare. This involves identifying potential hazards, implementing measures to reduce errors, and learning from adverse events to improve systems and processes.
3. Patient-centeredness: Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values. This includes ensuring that patients are fully informed about their condition and treatment options, involving them in decision-making, and providing emotional support throughout the care process.
4. Timeliness: Ensuring that healthcare services are delivered promptly and efficiently, without unnecessary delays. This includes coordinating care across different providers and settings to ensure continuity and avoid gaps in service.
5. Efficiency: Using resources wisely and avoiding waste, while still providing high-quality care. This involves considering the costs and benefits of different interventions, as well as ensuring that healthcare services are equitably distributed.
6. Equitability: Ensuring that all individuals have access to quality healthcare services, regardless of their socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, gender, age, or other factors. This includes addressing disparities in health outcomes and promoting fairness and justice in healthcare.

Overall, the quality of health care is a multidimensional concept that requires ongoing evaluation and improvement to ensure that patients receive the best possible care.

The term "African Continental Ancestry Group" is a racial category used in the field of genetics and population health to describe individuals who have ancestral origins in the African continent. This group includes people from diverse ethnic backgrounds, cultures, and languages across the African continent. It's important to note that this term is used for genetic and epidemiological research purposes and should not be used to make assumptions about an individual's personal identity, culture, or experiences.

It's also worth noting that there is significant genetic diversity within Africa, and using a single category to describe all individuals with African ancestry can oversimplify this diversity. Therefore, it's more accurate and informative to specify the particular population or region of African ancestry when discussing genetic research or health outcomes.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "prejudice" is not a term that has a medical definition in the same way that a term like "myocardial infarction" (heart attack) does. Prejudice is a psychological or sociological concept that refers to preconceived opinions or attitudes about a person or group that are not based on reason or actual experience. It often involves stereotypes and can lead to discrimination or unfair treatment. While prejudice itself is not a medical condition, it can certainly have impacts on mental and physical health, both for those who experience it and for those who hold such biases.

Health care costs refer to the expenses incurred for medical services, treatments, procedures, and products that are used to maintain or restore an individual's health. These costs can be categorized into several types:

1. Direct costs: These include payments made for doctor visits, hospital stays, medications, diagnostic tests, surgeries, and other medical treatments and services. Direct costs can be further divided into two subcategories:
* Out-of-pocket costs: Expenses paid directly by patients, such as co-payments, deductibles, coinsurance, and any uncovered medical services or products.
* Third-party payer costs: Expenses covered by insurance companies, government programs (like Medicare, Medicaid), or other entities that pay for health care services on behalf of patients.
2. Indirect costs: These are the expenses incurred as a result of illness or injury that indirectly impact an individual's ability to work and earn a living. Examples include lost productivity, absenteeism, reduced earning capacity, and disability benefits.
3. Non-medical costs: These are expenses related to caregiving, transportation, home modifications, assistive devices, and other non-medical services required for managing health conditions or disabilities.

Health care costs can vary significantly depending on factors such as the type of medical service, geographic location, insurance coverage, and individual health status. Understanding these costs is essential for patients, healthcare providers, policymakers, and researchers to make informed decisions about treatment options, resource allocation, and health system design.

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is a federal agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services. AHRQ's mission is to produce evidence to make healthcare safer, higher quality, more accessible, equitable, and affordable, and to work within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and with other partners to make sure that the evidence is understood and used.

AHRQ's research helps people make more informed decisions and improve the quality of healthcare services. The agency's work includes conducting and supporting research, developing and disseminating evidence-based information, and encouraging the use of evidence that improves the quality of healthcare and outcomes for patients. AHRQ's research covers a wide range of topics, including patient safety, clinical effectiveness, health IT, and healthcare disparities.

Health care surveys are research tools used to systematically collect information from a population or sample regarding their experiences, perceptions, and knowledge of health services, health outcomes, and various other health-related topics. These surveys typically consist of standardized questionnaires that cover specific aspects of healthcare, such as access to care, quality of care, patient satisfaction, health disparities, and healthcare costs. The data gathered from health care surveys are used to inform policy decisions, improve healthcare delivery, identify best practices, allocate resources, and monitor the health status of populations. Health care surveys can be conducted through various modes, including in-person interviews, telephone interviews, mail-in questionnaires, or online platforms.

Health services research (HSR) is a multidisciplinary field of scientific investigation that studies how social factors, financing systems, organizational structures and processes, health technologies, and personal behaviors affect access to healthcare, the quality and cost of care, and ultimately, our health and well-being. The goal of HSR is to inform policy and practice, improve system performance, and enhance the health and well-being of individuals and communities. It involves the use of various research methods, including epidemiology, biostatistics, economics, sociology, management science, political science, and psychology, to answer questions about the healthcare system and how it can be improved.

Examples of HSR topics include:

* Evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different healthcare interventions and technologies
* Studying patient-centered care and patient experiences with the healthcare system
* Examining healthcare workforce issues, such as shortages of primary care providers or the impact of nurse-to-patient ratios on patient outcomes
* Investigating the impact of health insurance design and financing systems on access to care and health disparities
* Analyzing the organization and delivery of healthcare services in different settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities
* Identifying best practices for improving healthcare quality and safety, reducing medical errors, and eliminating wasteful or unnecessary care.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "social class" is not a term that has a medical definition. It is a sociological concept that refers to the grouping of individuals in a society based on their shared economic and social positions. This can include factors such as income, education, occupation, and wealth.

However, social class can have an impact on health outcomes and access to healthcare. For example, people in lower socioeconomic groups are more likely to experience chronic diseases, mental health disorders, and have limited access to quality healthcare services compared to those in higher socioeconomic groups. This relationship is often referred to as the "social determinants of health."

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "poverty" is not a medical condition or term. It is a social condition defined by the World Bank as "pronounced deprivation in well-being," and measured through indicators such as income, consumption, and access to basic services. Poverty can have significant impacts on health outcomes and healthcare access, but it is not considered a medical diagnosis. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try my best to help answer them!

Health services refer to the delivery of healthcare services, including preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services. These services are typically provided by health professionals such as doctors, nurses, and allied health personnel in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, community health centers, and long-term care facilities. Health services may also include public health activities such as health education, surveillance, and health promotion programs aimed at improving the health of populations. The goal of health services is to promote and restore health, prevent disease and injury, and improve the quality of life for individuals and communities.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Cultural diversity, in the context of healthcare and medicine, refers to the existence, recognition, and respect of the different cultural backgrounds, beliefs, values, traditions, languages, and practices of individuals or groups. This concept is important in providing culturally competent care, which aims to improve health outcomes by addressing the unique needs and preferences of patients from diverse backgrounds. Cultural diversity in healthcare recognizes that there are variations in how people perceive and experience health and illness, communicate about symptoms and treatments, seek help, and follow medical advice. By understanding and incorporating cultural diversity into healthcare practices, providers can build trust, reduce disparities, and enhance patient satisfaction and adherence to treatment plans.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Health services needs refer to the population's requirement for healthcare services based on their health status, disease prevalence, and clinical guidelines. These needs can be categorized into normative needs (based on expert opinions or clinical guidelines) and expressed needs (based on individuals' perceptions of their own healthcare needs).

On the other hand, health services demand refers to the quantity of healthcare services that consumers are willing and able to pay for, given their preferences, values, and financial resources. Demand is influenced by various factors such as price, income, education level, and cultural beliefs.

It's important to note that while needs represent a population's requirement for healthcare services, demand reflects the actual utilization of these services. Understanding both health services needs and demand is crucial in planning and delivering effective healthcare services that meet the population's requirements while ensuring efficient resource allocation.

The "attitude of health personnel" refers to the overall disposition, behavior, and approach that healthcare professionals exhibit towards their patients or clients. This encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Interpersonal skills: The ability to communicate effectively, listen actively, and build rapport with patients.
2. Professionalism: Adherence to ethical principles, confidentiality, and maintaining a non-judgmental attitude.
3. Compassion and empathy: Showing genuine concern for the patient's well-being and understanding their feelings and experiences.
4. Cultural sensitivity: Respecting and acknowledging the cultural backgrounds, beliefs, and values of patients.
5. Competence: Demonstrating knowledge, skills, and expertise in providing healthcare services.
6. Collaboration: Working together with other healthcare professionals to ensure comprehensive care for the patient.
7. Patient-centeredness: Focusing on the individual needs, preferences, and goals of the patient in the decision-making process.
8. Commitment to continuous learning and improvement: Staying updated with the latest developments in the field and seeking opportunities to enhance one's skills and knowledge.

A positive attitude of health personnel contributes significantly to patient satisfaction, adherence to treatment plans, and overall healthcare outcomes.

Health policy refers to a set of decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a population. It is formulated by governmental and non-governmental organizations with the objective of providing guidance and direction for the management and delivery of healthcare services. Health policies address various aspects of healthcare, including access, financing, quality, and equity. They can be designed to promote health, prevent disease, and provide treatment and rehabilitation services to individuals who are sick or injured. Effective health policies require careful consideration of scientific evidence, ethical principles, and societal values to ensure that they meet the needs of the population while being fiscally responsible.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

Primary health care is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as:

"Essential health care that is based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford. It forms an integral part both of the country's health system, of which it is the central function and main focus, and of the overall social and economic development of the community. It is the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process."

Primary health care includes a range of services such as preventive care, health promotion, curative care, rehabilitation, and palliative care. It is typically provided by a team of health professionals including doctors, nurses, midwives, pharmacists, and other community health workers. The goal of primary health care is to provide comprehensive, continuous, and coordinated care to individuals and families in a way that is accessible, affordable, and culturally sensitive.

Cultural competency is a term used in the medical and healthcare fields to describe the ability of healthcare providers and systems to understand, respect, and effectively communicate with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. It involves an awareness of and appreciation for the differences in customs, values, beliefs, languages, and practices that exist among various cultural groups.

A culturally competent healthcare provider is one who:

* Has knowledge of the patient's culture and how it may impact their health beliefs, behaviors, and communication styles
* Is sensitive to and respectful of the patient's cultural values and traditions
* Uses this understanding to inform their clinical decision-making and provide care that is tailored to the individual needs and preferences of the patient

Cultural competency also involves an awareness of one's own cultural background and biases, as well as a commitment to ongoing learning and self-reflection in order to continually improve cultural humility and sensitivity.

A culturally competent healthcare system is one that:

* Has policies and procedures in place to ensure equitable access to care for all patients, regardless of their cultural background
* Provides interpreter services and other language accommodations as needed
* Engages in ongoing training and education to promote cultural awareness and sensitivity among staff members
* Collects and analyzes data on patient outcomes and satisfaction to identify and address disparities in care.

According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, Asian Americans are defined as "a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam."

It's important to note that this definition is used primarily in a US context and may not be applicable or relevant in other parts of the world. Additionally, it's worth noting that the term "Asian American" encompasses a vast array of diverse cultures, languages, histories, and experiences, and should not be essentialized or oversimplified.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

Patient acceptance of health care refers to the willingness and ability of a patient to follow and engage in a recommended treatment plan or healthcare regimen. This involves understanding the proposed medical interventions, considering their potential benefits and risks, and making an informed decision to proceed with the recommended course of action.

The factors that influence patient acceptance can include:

1. Patient's understanding of their condition and treatment options
2. Trust in their healthcare provider
3. Personal beliefs and values related to health and illness
4. Cultural, linguistic, or socioeconomic barriers
5. Emotional responses to the diagnosis or proposed treatment
6. Practical considerations, such as cost, time commitment, or potential side effects

Healthcare providers play a crucial role in facilitating patient acceptance by clearly communicating information, addressing concerns and questions, and providing support throughout the decision-making process. Encouraging shared decision-making and tailoring care plans to individual patient needs and preferences can also enhance patient acceptance of health care.

Health Insurance is a type of insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons. By purchasing health insurance, insured individuals pay a premium to an insurance company, which then pools those funds with other policyholders' premiums to pay for the medical care costs of individuals who become ill or injured. The coverage can include hospitalization, medical procedures, prescription drugs, and preventive care, among other services. The goal of health insurance is to provide financial protection against unexpected medical expenses and to make healthcare services more affordable.

Logistic models, specifically logistic regression models, are a type of statistical analysis used in medical and epidemiological research to identify the relationship between the risk of a certain health outcome or disease (dependent variable) and one or more independent variables, such as demographic factors, exposure variables, or other clinical measurements.

In contrast to linear regression models, logistic regression models are used when the dependent variable is binary or dichotomous in nature, meaning it can only take on two values, such as "disease present" or "disease absent." The model uses a logistic function to estimate the probability of the outcome based on the independent variables.

Logistic regression models are useful for identifying risk factors and estimating the strength of associations between exposures and health outcomes, adjusting for potential confounders, and predicting the probability of an outcome given certain values of the independent variables. They can also be used to develop clinical prediction rules or scores that can aid in decision-making and patient care.

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Grigsby Bates from the podcast Code Switch talks with journalist Linda Villarosa about how COVID exposed racial disparities in ... How COVID exposed racial disparities in all aspects of the health care system. Listen · 7:12 7:12 ... How COVID exposed racial disparities in all aspects of the health care system NPRs Karen Grigsby Bates from the podcast Code ... How COVID exposed racial disparities in all aspects of the health care system. ...
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ADDRESSING DISPARITIES VIA COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT. Defining Community Engagement. Since disparities in health care are rooted in ... Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Physical and Mental Health Care and Clinical Trials. Inez Ruiz-White, PhD; Luke Kramer, BA; ... Racial and ethnic disparities in health care are reflected by the lack of diversity in the associated workforce. In 2018, the ... Disparities in health care by race, ethnicity, and language among the insured: findings from a national sample. Med Care. 2002; ...
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Fort Worth Star-Telegram Examines Reasons for Health Care Disparities in Texas. The Fort Worth Star-Telegram. on Sunday ... People Experiencing Homelessness Homelessness & Health Care Resource Center Explore resources from CHCF that help health care, ... California Healthline is a service of the California Health Care Foundation produced by KFF Health News, an editorially ... CHCF commissioned a study that listens deeply to Black Californians talking about their experiences with racism and health care ...
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Patient engagement and health care disparities. Patient engagement and health care disparities. Sep 05, 2013 / Meeting Brief ...
Racial and ethnic disparities in health coverage and access to health care are shrinking as a result of the Affordable Care Act ... Racial and ethnic disparities in health coverage and access to health care are shrinking as a result of the Affordable Care Act ... in partnership with one or more qualified health care professionals. We do not endorse any specific health care provider or ... It is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as ...
Cancer-related health disparities demonstrate the complicated impact of racism exacerbated by policy, health care systems, and ... The project worked with three community and health care partnerships to:. *Identify strategies to enhance health care system ... and racist health care system policies. Yet, there is a lack of understanding about what strategies health care systems can use ... Health Care Partner. Location. The Chrysalis Initiative. MD Anderson Cancer Center, Cooper Health. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ...
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  • The purpose of this Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) is to support innovative observational and intervention-based research to identify and characterize the pathways and mechanisms through which health and health care disparities occur among sexual and gender minority populations of minoritized racial/ethnic and socio-economic statuses. (nih.gov)
  • 3. US Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: 2014 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report (QDR). (cns.org)
  • Notably, Medicare and Medicaid as national health programs help reduce health disparities and inequity in the most vulnerable populations. (cdc.gov)
  • This research suggests that targeting interventions toward increasing the use of screening among minority populations might go a long way toward reducing disparities in colorectal cancer," Berg says. (nih.gov)
  • When these differences adversely affect disadvantaged populations, they are known as health disparities . (nih.gov)
  • This collaborative group is committed to eliminating disparities by reducing the age at which children from underserved populations are diagnosed and has several projects that are nearing completion. (nih.gov)
  • NIMHD's 2021-2025 strategic plan focuses on fostering and funding research in rural communities to reduce health disparities experienced by rural populations due to structural and social determinants of health. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this Notice of Funding Opportunity ( NOFO ) is to support novel and innovative research that examines and/or intervenes upon the underlying and multilevel causes, pathways, and factors adversely impacting the health and well-being of persons living with one or more disabilities among populations experiencing health disparities. (nih.gov)
  • Health equity has two parts - unhealthy populations, and access to healthcare once those populations fall ill. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2022). In spite of the recent passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), most minorities and other vulnerable populations face multiple barriers to accessing healthcare services (Keisler-Starkey & Bunch, 2020). (ipl.org)
  • Dr. Tiffany Green, assistant professor in the Departments of Population Health Sciences and Obstetrics and Gynecology at University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health, says these prejudices are just one structural barrier that creates disparities in the care provided to communities of color and other marginalized populations. (bravamagazine.com)
  • Optum Serve leveraged data and analytics to evaluate why health disparities occur and how to address them to drive better health outcomes across all populations. (optum.com)
  • There are well-documented disparities in lung cancer outcomes across populations. (nih.gov)
  • This statement identifies the impact of LCS eligibility criteria on vulnerable populations who are at increased risk of lung cancer but do not meet eligibility criteria for screening, as well as multiple barriers that contribute to disparities in LCS implementation. (nih.gov)
  • Today, there are over 72 million reported cases of COVID-19 and approximately 850,000 related deaths due to COVID-19 in the U.S. At the beginning of the pandemic, there were national surveillance reports that showed stark disparities in hospitalization and death rates among Black and Brown populations. (lung.org)
  • Use the tools to inspect States as geographic areas for quality disparities in vulnerable populations to pursue improvement activities. (cdc.gov)
  • Although health outcomes and quality of and access to care have improved for all populations, many racial/ethnic disparities remain ( 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • A study published last month in npj Parkinson's Disease highlights disparities in health care utilization among patients with Parkinson's disease and calls for further research on barriers to care for underserved populations. (cndlifesciences.com)
  • This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA), issued by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, solicits Research Project Grant (R01) applications from institutions/ organizations conducting research designed to identify healthcare system factors leading to disparate diabetes and obesity health outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • This FOA requests applications designed to identify or address factors or barriers that result in disparate outcomes within a healthcare system. (nih.gov)
  • She co-chaired the Alliance for Innovation on Maternal Health Working Group on Reduction of Peripartum Racial Disparities, served on the Governor's Taskforce on Maternal Mortality and Disparate Racial Outcomes for New York State, and served on the New York City Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Steering Committee for the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. (nih.gov)
  • The coronavirus disparities have amplified public health experts' call to address healthcare access and outcomes issues. (modernhealthcare.com)
  • Previous literature has described disparities in traumatic brain injury(TBI) outcomes by insurance status, but no study has focused on the disparities in presentation of TBI. (cns.org)
  • Improving our understanding of the health care disparities that exist with respect to insurance status in traumatic brain injury will allow for insight into appropriate changes in policy and practice that can result in quality improvement for these patients, both in their care and in optimizing outcomes. (cns.org)
  • The Lurie Institute for Disability Policy is thrilled to announce that we have been awarded a four-year grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R01HD105712), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to examine disparities in care and outcomes before, during, and after pregnancy among Black women and Latinas with physical disabilities. (brandeis.edu)
  • Black women and Latinas with physical disabilities are at increased risk of adverse pregnancy experiences and outcomes due to disparities based both on disability status and on race or ethnicity. (brandeis.edu)
  • Her presentation, 'Lifting All Boats: How We Can Eliminate Disparities Among Patients and the Doctors Who Treat Them,' focused on differences in breast cancer outcomes between black and white women. (nih.gov)
  • Fayanju said different groups define disparity in various ways, but she sees it as an observed difference between groups in health screening outcomes, or treatment that can be attributed to injustice. (nih.gov)
  • Do Indigenous Health Curricula in Health Science Education Reduce Disparities in Health Care Outcomes? (limenetwork.net.au)
  • Findings on local data show significant disparities in prevalence of these conditions for African Americans, exacerbated by further disparities in cost and outcomes. (fticonsulting.com)
  • Center research shows increased focus by collaboratives on economic measures, e.g., lost current or future productivity from poor health in the community, and highlights substantial potential gains from 'gap-closing' on disparities in health and economics outcomes. (fticonsulting.com)
  • We need to improve health outcomes for communities that are simultaneously impacted by health disparities and overlooked in our national conversations around healthcare access. (ayannapressley.com)
  • Eliminating disparities in health care and health outcomes requires an understanding of the determinants of disease, causes of health disparities, and effective interventions for prevention and treatment. (stonybrook.edu)
  • A new analysis of health care spending in the United States found stark disparities across racial and ethnic lines in how medical resources are divided. (aarp.org)
  • Wendy Stone, Ph.D. , at the University of Washington, is testing a complementary intervention that aims to reduce disparities by improving screening and referral procedures in primary care pediatric practices. (nih.gov)
  • To address gaps in scientific knowledge and support research that addresses multilevel and multiple domains influences related to health disparities experienced by people who live in rural communities. (nih.gov)
  • Dr. Sabin's area of expertise is racial and ethnic health care disparities with an emphasis on understanding mechanisms and pathways that lead to unequal treatment in health care. (washington.edu)
  • In fact, last year, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke issued a request for information on areas where disparities and inequities existed in patients with neurological disease. (medscape.com)
  • What are the ways that disparities or inequities exist in migraine? (medscape.com)
  • But healthcare inequities are just a small piece of why there are racial disparities in health. (bravamagazine.com)
  • The COVID-19 public health crisis has shone a spotlight on health-related disparities, highlighting the critical need to address the root causes underlying these inequities. (optum.com)
  • In the 19th and 20th centuries, segregated black hospitals were emblematic of separate but unequal health care," begins the editorial introducing an entire issue of JAMA dedicated to racial and ethnic disparities and inequities in medicine and health care, published August 17, 2021. (healthpopuli.com)
  • Tick tock, the entire government has 45 days to come up with ways the Biden-Harris Administration can improve the way research on women's health is conducted to address historical health disparities and inequities. (politicususa.com)
  • Within 45 days, Initiative members will recommend concrete actions that the Biden-Harris Administration can take to improve how research on women's health is conducted and maximize the Administration's investments in women's health research, including to address health disparities and inequities. (politicususa.com)
  • Support a social and behavioral research program to elucidate the mechanisms or sources of disparities in health care access, utilization, or quality of care for persons living with AD/ADRD and their care partners and/or develop approaches to address these disparities. (nih.gov)
  • Fortunately, as the HHS Action Plan points out, the ACA and CHIPRA included funding and new policy tools to help begin to address these disparities. (theccfblog.org)
  • Doctors need to understand the medical consequences of social disparities, know how to address them, learn where they came from and how to change that," says Sarita Warrier, MD, interim associate dean for medical education at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University. (medscape.com)
  • She will discuss, "How Language Barriers Contribute to Health Care Disparities. (nih.gov)
  • Groups like the Foundation for Black Women's Wellness exist to help women of color navigate these barriers and disparities. (bravamagazine.com)
  • Health Care Disparities workshops are available to help people with cancer and their loved ones identify, navigate and address barriers in accessing care. (cancercare.org)
  • delves into eliminating barriers and racial disparities causing mortality and morbidity in pregnant and postpartum patients. (jointcommission.org)
  • Disparities in equity have been an increasing issue of concern in medicine, public health, and health policy over the past four decades . (medscape.com)
  • If we fast-forward to the Healthy People 2030 initiative, it presents a goal to eliminate health disparities, achieve health equity, and attain health literacy to improve the health and well-being of all. (medscape.com)
  • Develop and test strategies, approaches, or interventions that target the sources of disparities to improve health equity in health care access, utilization, or quality of care for persons living with AD/ADRD and their care partners. (nih.gov)
  • NIA also recently participated in two relevant trans-NIH funding opportunities inviting research applications to advance health care equity for persons living with AD/ADRD with multiple chronic conditions (PAR-22-092) and to study structural or institutional factors that lessen or worsen disparities in access to healthcare services for AD/ADRD patients and their caregivers (RFA-MD-21-004). (nih.gov)
  • There is also a distinction between health disparity, otherwise known as health equity, and health inequality. (wikipedia.org)
  • She began by defining two words central to her research - equity and disparity. (nih.gov)
  • Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups. (medscape.com)
  • For 25 years, Lisa I. Iezzoni's research has focused on improving the lived experiences, healthcare quality, and health equity of adults with disability, particularly mobility disability. (harvard.edu)
  • For 25 years, her research has focused on improving the lived experiences, healthcare quality, and health equity of adults with disability, particularly mobility disability. (harvard.edu)
  • Stratifying data by different demographics, using community health needs assessments, and adopting and implementing the National Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services Standards can help rural communities identify disparities and develop effective initiatives to eliminate them, which aligns with a Healthy People 2020 overarching goal: achieving health equity. (cdc.gov)
  • Moreover, we have a duty as healthcare professionals to operate for the good of our patients, and addressing disparities is an ethical principle of justice. (medscape.com)
  • Addressing Disparities in Lung Cancer Screening Eligibility and Healthcare Access. (nih.gov)
  • This report provides an overview of racial/ethnic health disparities for selected indicators in rural areas of the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • To examine racial/ethnic health disparities in rural areas, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and CDC analyzed 2012-2015 data from the Behavioral Risk Surveillance System (BRFSS) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). (cdc.gov)
  • The goal of these projects, which will be funded at some point during 2023, is to expand the evidence base for policymakers and other decision makers seeking to mitigate these disparities, including disparities affecting individuals living with dementia in the community, assisted living facilities, or nursing homes. (nih.gov)
  • However, inequity in healthcare, medical treatment, and research unfortunately spans much further and much longer than that. (medscape.com)
  • Accordingly, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) supports a research agenda aimed at understanding and reducing mental health disparities. (nih.gov)
  • NIA published a call for research applications (RFA-AG-23-024) for projects designed to exploit differences in social and health care policies and programs to investigate how they might be driving disparities in healthcare access, use, and quality for persons living with AD/ADRD. (nih.gov)
  • The National Advisory Council on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NACMHD) approves research concepts during their regular meetings to help researchers stay abreast of topics that are likely to become FOAs. (nih.gov)
  • In order to fill a gap in research about a subpopulation within the Medicare Fee-for-Service population who are most heavily impacted by opioid use disorder, this data highlight describes the population, identifies disparities, and finds opportunities for Medicare enrollees who may benefit from tailored support to ensure access to evidence-based OUD treatment. (cms.gov)
  • Dr. Howell also shared her team's research findings on quality of care, disparities in severe maternal morbidity and very preterm morbidity and mortality in New York City hospitals. (nih.gov)
  • She is an NIH-funded ob/gyn health services researcher, and her major research interests are the intersection between quality of care and disparities in maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and postpartum depression and its impact on underserved communities. (nih.gov)
  • She recently shared her research on quality of care, maternal mortality and morbidity, and racial and ethnic disparities in a TEDMED talk, which has garnered over 1.85 million views. (nih.gov)
  • In a recent health care report by the national health research foundation Kaiser Family Foundation, it was noted "health care disparities remain a persistent problem in the United States, leading to certain groups being at higher risk of being uninsured, having limited access to care, and experiencing poorer quality of care" (Kaiser Family Foundation). (ipl.org)
  • The first National Healthcare Disparities Report was issued by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in 2003. (kff.org)
  • During the forum, panelists and the audience discuss how the report can inform policy, research and efforts of health plans and provider groups to improve quality and reduce disparities. (kff.org)
  • Dr. Sabin is one of the earliest investigators in the nation to apply the science of unconscious bias to health care disparities research. (washington.edu)
  • Research in understanding and addressing health care disparities has been a focus of both governmental and major medical organizations over the last decade. (cns.org)
  • The research reviewed here documents ongoing racial and ethnic disparities in health care and links patient-physician race and ethnic concordance with higher patient satisfaction and better health care processes. (umd.edu)
  • Much of the research on rural health disparities examines disparities between rural and urban communities, with fewer studies on disparities within rural communities. (cdc.gov)
  • First Lady Jill Biden and Director of the White House Gender Policy Council Jen Klein announced a new White House Initiative on Women's Health Research on Monday morning, which will use a whole-of-government approach to address health research disparities for women. (politicususa.com)
  • These are a few of the reasons why the White House Initiative on Women's Health Research, led by Dr. Jill Biden and the White House Gender Policy Council, will use the power of the federal government to address huge gender disparities in research and especially disparities for women of color. (politicususa.com)
  • Research showed increased awareness of costs and disparities led innovative collaborations to create new efforts around data collection, shared vision, and priority setting to galvanize action. (fticonsulting.com)
  • Indigenous females living "off reserve" face many disparities in health care access, use and unmet needs, found new research in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Dr. Alcalá's research also focuses on health disparities, with a strong focus on racial and ethnic disparities. (stonybrook.edu)
  • The model also described pathways linking hospital organization and quality to maternal and infant health disparities. (nih.gov)
  • Public health officials should not only understand the origins and pathways to disparities but translate this information into practice when providing care for high-need communities. (lung.org)
  • Instead, health care utilization differences among races may play a more important role in colorectal cancer disparities. (nih.gov)
  • The findings suggest that disparities in health care utilization are related to both individuals' racial and ethnic identity and the racial and ethnic composition of their communities. (nih.gov)
  • As the population ages and the cohort of patients with Parkinson's grows, disparities in health care utilization will become more pronounced. (cndlifesciences.com)
  • Health disparities are those differences in the prevalence and severity of disease and/or treatments that are rooted in social inequalities and link with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantages. (medscape.com)
  • This study examines national trends in the prevalence, risk factors, and treatment of depression among adolescents and investigate disparities in their mental health service use in the US. (nih.gov)
  • Last week, Brooks-Williams was appointed to Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer's Task Force on Racial Disparities in COVID-19, which was created to address the state's high prevalence of cases and deaths among African American residents. (modernhealthcare.com)
  • Increasing prevalence and substantial disparities exist in many US communities. (fticonsulting.com)
  • According to numerous studies cited in a Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America article, "Black Americans are systematically undertreated for pain relative to white Americans … These findings suggest that individuals with at least some medical training hold and may use false beliefs about biological differences between Blacks and whites to inform medical judgments, which may contribute to racial disparities in pain assessment and treatment. (bravamagazine.com)
  • these findings provide additional evidence of the need to reduce disparities. (healthpopuli.com)
  • Disparities in migraine (such as inaccurate diagnoses ) put undue disease burden not only on the people with migraine that are facing migraine care inequity, but also their families, communities, and our society. (medscape.com)
  • Meg Guerin-Calvert, President, FTI Consulting's Center for Healthcare Economics & Policy, presented at National Forum for Heart Disease & Stroke Prevention's 20th Annual Meeting on "Economic Impact of Health Inequity. (fticonsulting.com)
  • Learn more about racial disparities in HIV incidence. (medscape.com)
  • This study examined potential mechanisms connecting urbanicity to breast cancer screening and incidence, focusing on socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of the healthcare system. (nih.gov)
  • As such, Dr. Williams' group is assessing social influences, the dysregulation of gene expression, and aberrant DNA methylation as factors influencing racial health disparity in incidence and mortality rates of cancers. (stonybrook.edu)
  • Disparities in health care access between rural and urban areas have been documented. (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, efforts to improve access to health care services and to eliminate health care disparities for African Americans and Hispanics should not only focus on individual-level factors but also include community-level factors. (nih.gov)
  • Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts refers to the issues in access to, and treatment of, the residents of the state of Massachusetts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many factors contribute to healthcare disparity, including access, behavioral risk factors, family history, social determinants of health (mainly income and education), social and cultural factors, and discrimination in the clinic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary factor affecting access to healthcare is out-of-pocket cost. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many Americans were led to believe that the introduction of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2009 would put an end to disparities in health care access. (ipl.org)
  • Healthcare disparities are a significant issue in the U.S. with factors such as quality of care, access to care, and insurance playing a role in discrepancies. (ipl.org)
  • Universal Coverage Health Policy Proposal One of the most significant issues that continue to affect Americans is inadequate access to healthcare. (ipl.org)
  • Although it has been 20 years since the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, people with disabilities still experience health disparities and a lack of access to the appropriate care. (aahd.us)
  • Problems in health care access are identified using recent studies documenting the health disparities experienced by people with disabilities. (aahd.us)
  • For those who do have access, healthcare can still be prohibitively expensive. (insider.com)
  • To outline current knowledge on disparities in eligibility criteria for, access to, and implementation of LCS, and to develop an official American Thoracic Society statement to propose strategies to optimize current screening guidelines and resource allocation for equitable LCS implementation and dissemination. (nih.gov)
  • Access Healthcare Packaging's free educational content library! (healthcarepackaging.com)
  • Racial/ethnic disparities in health and in quality of and access to health care are a well-documented and persistent problem ( 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The authors note "…persistent health disparities for women, people of color, and rural residents-each of whom may face challenges with PD diagnosis and access to treatment. (cndlifesciences.com)
  • If governments are charged with ensuring access to health care for all its citizens, then we would not have a class in addressing health disparities. (bartleby.com)
  • As Americans we should all be afforded access to healthcare. (bartleby.com)
  • Access to healthcare is an individual right according to the human rights amendment. (bartleby.com)
  • Dr. Howell described the intertwined racial and ethnic disparities in maternal and infant mortality. (nih.gov)
  • Dr. Howell has testified to the U.S. Congress for maternal healthcare legislation and currently co-chairs the National Quality Forum Committee on Maternal Morbidity and Mortality. (nih.gov)
  • GRIGSBY BATES: Another place we see racial disparities is in maternal and infant mortality rates. (whqr.org)
  • SPRINGFIELD - The Women's Fund of Western Massachusetts will host a virtual panel event on racial disparities in maternal health on Thursdsay, April 15 at 11 a.m. during Black Maternal Health Week. (healthcarenews.com)
  • These and other mental health disparities further disadvantage members of minority groups and increase the burden of mental illnesses on individuals, families, and communities. (nih.gov)
  • Mayo Clinic doctors are raising awareness about health care disparities that impact minority groups in the country. (mayoclinic.org)
  • A growing number of medical schools are intent on reducing the racial disparities by raising awareness of the social determinants of health: issues such as lack of transportation, food insecurity, housing, poverty, and isolation that play a critical role in a patient's life and ability to get care. (medscape.com)
  • Health disparities are defined as "preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or in opportunities to achieve optimal health experienced by socially disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and other population groups, and communities. (medscape.com)
  • Despite the US being one of the most developed countries with the largest economy, its citizens still face issues accessing quality healthcare services (Galvani et al. (ipl.org)
  • Stratifying quality data by patient race, ethnicity, language and other demographic variables such as age, sex, health literacy, sexual orientation, gender identity, socioeconomic status, and geography is an important tool for uncovering and responding to health care disparities. (chcs.org)
  • The original version of this brief, produced for the Aligning Forces for Quality initiative supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, focused primarily on how health care providers can use data to reduce disparities and improve quality. (chcs.org)
  • From the most high-tech infectious disease units in Berlin to ad-hoc vaccination clinics in rural Sierra Leone, there's a huge disparity in the quality of healthcare around the world. (insider.com)
  • Affordable care means ensuring affordable and accessible high-quality healthcare for all. (cdc.gov)
  • Higher pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity rates for people of color demonstrate how racial and ethnic disparities are quality and patient safety issues. (jointcommission.org)
  • For example, Alice Carter, Ph.D. , at the University of Massachusetts Boston, is finishing a study designed to test whether a system-level intervention can reduce these disparities. (nih.gov)
  • The presentation discussed levers to reduce disparities. (nih.gov)
  • In Healthy People 2010, that goal was broadened and became to eliminate, not just reduce, health disparities. (medscape.com)
  • outlines how HHS is committed to an ongoing effort and evaluation of its policies and programs to reduce disparities. (theccfblog.org)
  • To that end, and in celebration of the inauguration of our President Maurie McInnis, this mini-symposium, presented as an interdisciplinary and collaborative effort from several schools within the Health Science Center, will discuss the panel's efforts to reduce such disparities. (stonybrook.edu)
  • If we implement a way in which Medicare covers most costs, then it'll become a standard of care and start to rescue the healthcare system we have today. (ipl.org)
  • While not all developed countries provide healthcare as a birthright for all citizens, some countries, through a mix of private and public hospitals, offer much more effective care than others . (insider.com)
  • Many entrenched risk communities face a diaspora of problems that stem from their socioeconomic status, including higher poverty rates, lower employment rates, low educational needs, and competing needs like housing that take a priority over healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, there is a compounding of issues that face communities of low socioeconomic status that lead to a lack of both preventative healthcare, and treatment once individuals do fall ill. (wikipedia.org)
  • To understand how far-reaching this issue is, Deloitte's actuarial team developed a model to quantify the link between health care spending and health care disparities related to race, socioeconomic status, and sex/gender. (deloitte.com)
  • FTI Consulting's Center brings extensive community-level datasets, metrics, and modeling to quantify total economic costs and adapts its modeling to assess specific community needs, including disparities, for insights into economic benefit from addressing social determinants of health and health disparities. (fticonsulting.com)
  • Adults with diabetes reported suboptimal preventive oral health care behaviors in use of preventive dental services and interproximal dental cleaning than people without diabetes, despite their health disparity related to periodontal disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Health Care Disparities Health care disparities are unfortunate and being culturally competent is an essential step toward eliminating these inequalities. (ipl.org)
  • however, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought attention to the public that disparities exist in healthcare. (medscape.com)
  • In terms of a pandemic response, Mallya said states need better data on cases, hospitalizations and deaths based on race, ethnicity, gender and income status to understand where to allocate resources like testing kits and healthcare personnel. (modernhealthcare.com)
  • Lawmakers and leaders must also address expanding healthcare coverage, which was problematic even before the pandemic with 30 million uninsured. (modernhealthcare.com)
  • Nonetheless, few population-based studies have examined disparities in oral health preventive care behaviors. (cdc.gov)
  • Using data from the 2006 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and the 2000 Census, the authors explored whether race/ethnic disparities in health care use were associated with residential segregation. (nih.gov)
  • The law had three key components aimed at combating healthcare inequality - mandating that every citizen has a minimum level of insurance coverage, providing free health care insurance for residents earning less than 150% of the federal poverty level and mandating employers with more than 10 "full-time" employees to provide healthcare insurance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lawsuits and other policy tools, such as enacting further legislation to link accessibility standards to federal agency enforcement, creating federally funded technical assistance centers that will disseminate practical policy and procedural tools to providers, and mandating the gathering of disability-specific disparities and effectiveness data, must work in concert to transform our health care system. (aahd.us)
  • U nless specifically measured, disparities in health and health care can go unnoticed even as providers, health plans, and government organizations seek to improve care. (chcs.org)
  • SHAPIRO: NPR's Karen Grigsby Bates from our Code Switch podcast talked to Villarosa about how COVID exposed racial disparities in all aspects of the health care system. (whqr.org)
  • Measures of affordable care include measures of the financial burden of healthcare and delayed care or not receiving care because of cost. (cdc.gov)
  • Care coordination means having a healthcare system that is less fragmented and more organized, where handoffs are clear and patients and clinicians have the information they need. (cdc.gov)
  • Despite observation of these disparities by researchers, no known studies have investigated the intersection of disability and race/ethnicity in the context of perinatal care. (brandeis.edu)
  • HHS is applauded for launching these new efforts and recognizing key ways in which the Affordable Care Act helps to address them and pointing out that any effort that is focused on addressing health care costs, must address health disparities. (theccfblog.org)
  • Dr. Sharonne Hayes and Dr. Chyke Doubeni talk about how community engagement, building trust, and communication may be solutions to health care disparities. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Over the past decade, much of the U.S. health care industry has begun omitting race when predicting and diagnosing disease, thought of as a way of reducing health disparities and curbing systemic racism in health care. (medicalxpress.com)
  • I plan to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the U. S. Healthcare system (What is the Human Right to Health and Health Care, 2015). (bartleby.com)
  • Escape Fire: The Fight to Rescue American Healthcare" is a documentary concerning the state of health care in the United States. (ipl.org)
  • It challenges that the healthcare system is more about bringing in revenue than providing adequate medical care. (ipl.org)
  • Actionable data and rigorous modeling of economic impact of health, health disparities, and potential savings from action provide community leaders with essential data for interventions for community well-being and economic prosperity. (fticonsulting.com)
  • This work explores differences between broad racial categories, examines how policies have impacted these disparities, and examines the heterogeneity that exists within racial and ethnic groups. (stonybrook.edu)
  • The WHO estimates that 6% of people in lower-income countries are pushed into extreme poverty - defined as living on less than $1.25 USD per day - by spending on healthcare-related costs. (insider.com)
  • The Healthy People program sets its goals every 10 years and has been prioritizing healthcare disparities as a key goal for 20 years. (medscape.com)
  • footnote 2 And while the causes of these disparities are complex, one thing is clear: "It's a misperception that people are entirely responsible for their own health," says Dr. Eduardo Sanchez, chief medical officer for prevention for the American Heart Association. (bankofamerica.com)
  • It alleges that the American healthcare system is a broken system that mainly focuses on getting as many people treated the healthcare system, without actually treating their true medical issues. (ipl.org)
  • healthcare professionals, healthcare organizati ons, and the patients and communities they serve. (nih.gov)
  • Massachusetts has recognized these disparities, and became the first state to mandate collection of race and ethnicity data on all patients with an inpatient hospitalization, an observation unit stay, or an emergency department visit. (wikipedia.org)

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