Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.United StatesGreat BritainRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.EnglandRegression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.IndiaNunavut: A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.EuropeCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.BrazilBody Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.NorwaySeverity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Telephone: An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Self Disclosure: A willingness to reveal information about oneself to others.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Diagnostic Self Evaluation: A self-evaluation of health status.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.TaiwanHealth Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.JapanAsthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Sampling Studies: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.BostonUniversal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.

Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997. (1/10474)

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

Risk-adjusted capitation based on the Diagnostic Cost Group Model: an empirical evaluation with health survey information. (2/10474)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the Diagnostic Cost Group (DCG) model using health survey information. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Longitudinal data collected for a sample of members of a Dutch sickness fund. In the Netherlands the sickness funds provide compulsory health insurance coverage for the 60 percent of the population in the lowest income brackets. STUDY DESIGN: A demographic model and DCG capitation models are estimated by means of ordinary least squares, with an individual's annual healthcare expenditures in 1994 as the dependent variable. For subgroups based on health survey information, costs predicted by the models are compared with actual costs. Using stepwise regression procedures a subset of relevant survey variables that could improve the predictive accuracy of the three-year DCG model was identified. Capitation models were extended with these variables. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: For the empirical analysis, panel data of sickness fund members were used that contained demographic information, annual healthcare expenditures, and diagnostic information from hospitalizations for each member. In 1993, a mailed health survey was conducted among a random sample of 15,000 persons in the panel data set, with a 70 percent response rate. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The predictive accuracy of the demographic model improves when it is extended with diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations (DCGs). A subset of survey variables further improves the predictive accuracy of the DCG capitation models. The predictable profits and losses based on survey information for the DCG models are smaller than for the demographic model. Most persons with predictable losses based on health survey information were not hospitalized in the preceding year. CONCLUSIONS: The use of diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations is a promising option for improving the demographic capitation payment formula. This study suggests that diagnostic information from outpatient utilization is complementary to DCGs in predicting future costs.  (+info)

Correlates of sexually transmitted bacterial infections among U.S. women in 1995. (3/10474)

CONTEXT: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) of bacterial origin such as gonorrhea and chlamydial infection can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. Identifying behaviors and characteristics associated with infection may assist in preventing these often asymptomatic diseases and their sequelae. METHODS: Data from 9,882 sexually active women who participated in the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth describe the characteristics of women who report a history of infection with a bacterial STD or of treatment for PID. Multivariate analysis is used to determine which demographic characteristics and sexual and health-related behaviors affect the likelihood of infection or the occurrence of complications. RESULTS: Overall, 6% of sexually active women reported a history of a bacterial STD, and 8% reported a history of PID. Women who first had sexual intercourse before age 15 were nearly four times as likely to report a bacterial STD, and more than twice as likely to report PID, as were women who first had sex after age 18. Having more than five lifetime sexual partners also was associated with both having an STD and having PID. PID was more common among women reporting a history of a bacterial STD (23%) than among women who reported no such history (7%). In multivariate analyses, age, race, age at first intercourse and lifetime number of sexual partners had a significant effect on the risk of a bacterial STD. Education, age, a history of IUD use, douching and a history of a bacterial STD had a significant impact on the risk of PID, but early onset of intercourse did not, and lifetime number of partners had only a marginal effect. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of characteristics and behaviors that place women at risk of infection with bacterial STDs is not uniform among groups of women. Further, the level of self-reported PID would suggest higher rates of gonorrhea and chlamydial infection than reported.  (+info)

Condom use and HIV risk behaviors among U.S. adults: data from a national survey. (4/10474)

CONTEXT: How much condom use among U.S. adults varies by type of partner or by risk behavior is unclear. Knowledge of such differentials would aid in evaluating the progress being made toward goals for levels of condom use as part of the Healthy People 2000 initiative. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 1996 National Household Survey of Drug Abuse, an annual household-based probability sample of the noninstitutionalized population aged 12 and older that measures the use of illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco. The personal behaviors module included 25 questions covering sexual activity in the past year, frequency of condom use in the past year, circumstances of the last sexual encounter and HIV testing. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of adults reported using a condom at last intercourse outside of an ongoing relationship, while only 19% reported using condoms when the most recent intercourse occurred within a steady relationship. Within ongoing relationships, condom use was highest among respondents who were younger, black, of lower income and from large metropolitan areas. Forty percent of unmarried adults used a condom at last sex, compared with the health objective of 50% for the year 2000. Forty percent of injecting drug users used condoms at last intercourse, compared with the 60% condom use objective for high-risk individuals. Significantly, persons at increased risk for HIV because of their sexual behavior or drug use were not more likely to use condoms than were persons not at increased risk; only 22% used condoms during last intercourse within an ongoing relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial progress has been made toward national goals for increasing condom use. The rates of condom use by individuals at high risk of HIV need to be increased, however, particularly condom use with a steady partner.  (+info)

Thyroid volumes and urinary iodine in Swiss school children, 17 years after improved prophylaxis of iodine deficiency. (5/10474)

Salt iodine content in Switzerland was raised from 7.5 to 15 mg per kg in 1980, and since then dietary iodine intake has been considered to be sufficient, even though a slight decrease due to imported food has recently been reported. The aim of this study was to establish normal values for thyroid volumes of school children who can be assumed to have had a sufficient iodine intake all their lifetime. Moreover. the present investigation was undertaken to verify that iodine sufficiency had been achieved equally in two regions each served by one of the two Swiss salt producers. Mean iodine concentration in urine spot samples from school children was 16.1 microg/dl, and it was identical in both the city of Lausanne (n=215) and the city of Solothurn (n=208). Thus it can be stated that in both cities (served by two different salt producers) iodine intake is equal and sufficient. Accordingly, thyroid volumes measured by ultrasound in school children aged 6 to 16 years were the same in both Lausanne (n=202) and Solothurn (n=207). Moreover, the age-adjusted median volumes at the 97th percentiles closely agree with and validate provisional international reference values recently proposed by the World Health Organisation and by the International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disease.  (+info)

Stress and morale in general practice: a comparison of two health care systems. (6/10474)

BACKGROUND: Poor morale and high levels of stress among general practitioners (GPs) are causing concern. Little research has previously been carried out to study possible differences in morale and stress between GPs working in two different but geographically similar health care systems. AIM: To compare perceived levels of stress and morale between GPs working in two different health care systems--one having a state monopoly (Northern Ireland) and the other having mixed private and state funding (Republic of Ireland)--and to look for factors that might help explain any differences in stress levels and morale between the two systems. METHOD: Anonymous and confidential questionnaires were sent to all 986 National Health Service (NHS) GPs in Northern Ireland (NI) and a random sample of 900 GPs in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). A common set of core questions on demographic details, partners and work patterns, perceived levels of stress and morale, safety, violence, and complaints were asked. RESULTS: Response rates were high in both areas: 91% in NI and 78% in the ROI. GPs in NI had significantly higher stress levels and significantly lower levels of morale than GPs in the ROI. The NI sample expect matters to get worse over the following year. Doctors in the ROI were more likely to be single handed and to work from two sites. Also, more GPs in ROI had fears for their safety and had been the subject of physical violence, but fewer had received complaints and medico-legal actions than in NI. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of both groups of doctors report feeling highly stressed but GPs in NI appear more unhappy and have a poorer outlook for the future. It is suggested that the structure, management, and expectations of the NHS have taken a severe toll on its GPs, whereas a system in which doctors have less practice support but more control is good for morale.  (+info)

Trends in body weight among American Indians: findings from a telephone survey, 1985 through 1996. (7/10474)

OBJECTIVES: This study compared trends in body mass index for American Indian men and women across selected regions of the United States. METHODS: Self-reported data were collected from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. RESULTS: Among women in the Dakotas, New Mexico and Arizona, and Washington and Oregon, average adjusted body mass index increased significantly by 0.1 to 0.2 units per year. Among men in Alaska and the Dakotas, average adjusted body mass index also increased significantly by 0.1 to 0.2 units each year. CONCLUSIONS: Because of rapid increases in average body mass index, some American Indian populations could be burdened by an increased incidence of chronic disease.  (+info)

Sexual problems: a study of the prevalence and need for health care in the general population. (8/10474)

BACKGROUND: There has been little research carried out on the prevalence and types of sexual dysfunction in the general population, although the indications are that such problems are relatively common. Most common sexual problems are potentially treatable. However GPs have estimated the prevalence of sexual problems to be far lower than survey estimates. OBJECTIVE: To provide an estimate of the prevalence of sexual problems in the general population, and assess the use of and need for professional help for such problems. METHODS: We used an anonymous postal questionnaire survey. The study was set in four general practices in England*, and the study population was a stratified random sample of the adult general population (n = 4000). The subjects were 789 men and 979 women who responded to the questionnaire. The main outcome measures were the presence and type of current sexual problems in men and women, and the provision and use of treatments for sexual problems. RESULTS: A response rate of 44% was obtained. The median age of the responders was 50 years. A third of men (34%) and two-fifths of women (41 %) reported having a current sexual problem. The most common problems were erectile dysfunction (n = 170) and premature ejaculation (n = 88) in men; in women the most widely reported problems were vaginal dryness (n = 186) and infrequent orgasm (n = 166). In men, the proportion of responders reporting sexual problems increased with age, but there was no similar trend in women. Of those responders who reported a sexual problem, 52% said that they would like to receive professional help for this problem, but only one in ten of these people (n = 50) had received such help. CONCLUSION: Among responders there was a high level of reported sexual problems. The most frequently reported problems (vaginal dryness, erectile problems) may be amenable to physical treatment in practice, and yet few had sought or received help. However, many said that they would like to receive help. These figures suggest that there may be an important burden of potentially reversible sexual problems in the general population.  (+info)

  • Most respondents felt that awareness, guidance and training is a help in dealing with the issue, and if the response rate is reflective of our representative base then we have at least 50% of Branch representatives having some form of mental ill health awareness. (
  • The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) reports that one in six US adults aged 18 and older reports trouble hearing without a hearing aid, according to new results from a nationally representative survey looking at hearing and hearing loss. (
  • As this was only our first Survey, the results will be useful for comparison with any future surveys. (
  • These survey results show that even though the Affordable Care Act has expanded and continues to expand coverage options and make insurance more affordable, steps are still needed to make sure women are able to get and use the care they need. (
  • 1. Have you had any form of mental health awareness guidance or training? (
  • 4. Do you feel that you need mental health awareness guidance/training? (
  • 6. Do you think the CWU should provide mental health awareness guidance/training to its representatives? (
  • 7. Do you think the CWU should be calling on your employer to provide you with mental health awareness guidance/training? (
  • 8. Are there any particular areas of mental health awareness guidance/ training you feel would be helpful to you? (
  • 9. What proportion of your time is taken up with mental health issues raised by members? (
  • The responses from this question were really useful in helping us determine what representatives need in the way of guidance, awareness and training but also some concerning comments from Branch Officers about their own mental health. (
  • The purpose of the survey was to understand what mental ill health awareness, guidance or training the representatives have and what they may need to deal with mental ill health issues raised with them from members and other representatives. (
  • Less than half (46.0%) of adults aged 18 and older who report any trouble hearing have seen a doctor or other health professional about their hearing or ear problems in the last five years. (
  • Specific questions were asked about a range of health problems - answers are summarised below. (
  • There is also reference to young people being more likely to raise mental ill health problems. (
  • Students, graduates and employers are surveyed to measure their satisfaction with the programs, facilities and services offered by Colleges in Ontario and will provide an indication of how well these needs are being met. (
  • The annually-conducted survey contains a series of core questions-including the question about trouble hearing without the assistance of a hearing aid-that are asked every year and remain largely unchanged. (
  • Cancer Council Queensland's Everyday Health Surveys are designed to give Queenslanders a voice and engage them in a conversation about the health issues that affect all members of the community. (
  • The answers to this question received percentage scores from 1% to 23% of time taken up dealing with mental ill health issues. (
  • Survey implementation workshops in 2017 are planned for new countries wishing to implement GSHS as funds become available. (
  • These parameters were derived from the 2018 Current Population Survey and 2017 American Communities Survey. (
  • In February of 2017, the Pacific Institute released a white paper entitled Drinking Fountains and Public Health: Improving National Infrastructure to Rebuild Trust and Ensure Access, which highlighted the limited evidence of a link between illness and disease outbreaks and drinking fountains. (
  • This AARP survey examined how important brain health is to 40+ adults and activities they may be engaging in to maintain or improve their brain health. (
  • Lastly, this survey sought to understand what type of information adults were interested in receiving when it comes to brain health. (
  • Three-quarters of adults age 40+ are concerned about their brain health declining in the future. (
  • Based on a nationally representative, probability-based Internet panel, the HRMS provides quarterly data for approximately 7,400 nonelderly adults and 2,400 children on insurance coverage, access to health care, and health care affordability, along with special topics of relevance to current policy and program issues in each quarter. (
  • The major NHLBI ongoing studies which were compared with NHANES III were the Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factor Development in Young Adults (CARDIA), Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC), the Framingham Heart Study, and the Cardiovascular Health Study. (
  • The 2018 survey measures the attitudes, values, and beliefs of a probability-based representative sample of adults in the United States on issues related to a Culture of Health. (
  • The survey collects data from a representative sample of approximately 8,000 adults aged 16 and over and 2,000 children in England. (
  • Policygenius' survey is based on responses from a nationally representative sample of 1,501 American adults. (
  • The AHS involved about 50,000 adults and children and included both a household survey component conducted by professional interviewers and a biomedical component. (
  • About one-quarter of adults age 40 and older, and more than four in 10 of those who identify as racial/ethnic minorities, believe that the best way to maintain/improve brain health is to play brain games. (
  • Attending religious services is a top activity adults age 40+ believe maintains or improves brain health. (
  • American adults mostly harbor positive views about mental health, though some stigma remains. (
  • A total of 87% of American adults agreed that having a mental health disorder is nothing to be ashamed of, and 86% said they believe that people with mental health disorders can get better, according to the poll. (
  • Young adults between 18 to 34 reported the poorest mental health of those surveyed, as well as the most shame around mental health disorders. (
  • While 92% of those 65 and older and 89% of those between 35 and 64 agreed that having a mental health disorder was not something to be ashamed of, only 78% of the youngest adults said the same. (
  • More young adults reported feeling shame and stigma surrounding mental health issues than their older peers," Evans said. (
  • Nearly three million young adults now have insurance through their parents' health plans who otherwise wouldn't have had access to private coverage. (
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has released the results of its 2014 Health and Diet Survey, a national telephone survey of 2,480 adults (18 years and older) in the 50 states and the District of Columbia, conducted from June to August 2014. (
  • The Commonwealth Fund's 2011 International Health Policy Survey will assess health care system performance and responsiveness from the perspective of adults who have chronic disease or other serious health problems, or who have had recent surgery or been hospitalized. (
  • The survey was based on telephone interviews from Jan. 2-Feb. 28 with a random sample of 28,396 adults aged 18 and older in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. (
  • The telephone survey was conducted using landlines and cellphones between July and September of this year with more than 6,000 adults, ages 19 to 64. (
  • Potentially eligible adults with health problems were slightly more likely to say they would use the marketplaces than adults with no health problems (65 percent vs. 57 percent). (
  • While 85 percent of adults surveyed did not know what their state had decided regarding the Medicaid expansion, among those who did, two-thirds (68 percent) of those who were aware their state was expanding Medicaid were in favor of that decision. (
  • From 2003 to 2007, the ATSDR funded the Anniston Environmental Health Research Consortium (AEHRC) , a university and community partnership charged to plan and conduct the 2005-2007 Anniston Community Health Survey (ACHS) through a cooperative agreement with Jacksonville State University (Grant #U50/ATU473215). (
  • The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) is an epidemiologic surveillance system that was established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to monitor the prevalence of youth behaviors that most influence health. (
  • Notably, significant minorities of Americans do not consider the most common mental health disorders to be disorders. (
  • Tracy Watts, Mercer's leader for health reform, explains: "More than half of Americans already get their health insurance from their employer, and three out of four workers are satisfied with their health benefits. (
  • Complicating efforts to better understand the public health burden of metabolic syndrome and identify prevention strategies is the lack of consistency in the clinical definition and categorical cut-points for component conditions. (
  • It is therefore urgent to understand the trends in metabolic syndrome prevalence with the goal of identifying etiologic factors that are subject to public health intervention strategies. (
  • At six campuses across Texas, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health works to improve the state of public health in Texas every day. (
  • Each of our campuses is strategically placed to meet the public health education and research needs of the diverse populations across Texas. (
  • UTHealth School of Public Health is the only school of public health in the nation with regional campuses. (
  • UTHealth School of Public Health is one of six schools of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), the most comprehensive academic health system in The University of Texas System and the U.S. Gulf Coast region. (
  • In addition to the School of Public Health, UTHealth is home to schools of biomedical informatics, biomedical sciences, dentistry, medicine and nursing. (
  • The School of Public Health is accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) and the university is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). (
  • Following on from National Public Health week, which is recognized at the start of every April, we've taken a look at how survey software is being used by healthcare organizations such as the NHS. (
  • 2010 State and Territorial Public Health Survey, a survey of state and United States territory health departments conducted by the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO). (
  • A second focus is on empirical research methodologies, especially on the application of mixed methods and participatory research methods in Public Health and epidemiology. (
  • Potential early warning signs from the survey are critical, enabling decision-makers to respond proactively before infections get out of hand and providing public health officials with a geographic area assessment of infections within the population. (
  • NEHA conducted this project with support from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration/Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition/Office of Food Defense, Communication and Emergency Response (FDA/CFSAN/OFDCER) through a contract with the Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL). (
  • The Canadian Health Measures Survey is an innovative, direct health-measures survey developed in partnership with Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada. (
  • President Obama took up the "climate change affects public health" conversation with CNN this week. (
  • One reason Texans have been receptive to public health recommendations for preventing the spread of COVID-19 is their belief that it poses a real threat to society," said Dr. Mark Owens, UT Tyler assistant professor of political science, who conducted the poll. (
  • Owens worked with Dr. Renee M. Johnson, associate professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (
  • The DHS is highly comparable to the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and the technical teams developing and supporting the surveys are in close collaboration. (
  • In the fall of 2012 the Virginia Department of Health's Lord Fairfax Health District, in collaboration with the local school systems, administered the 2011 version of the YRBS to eighth and 11th grade students in the counties of Clarke, Frederick, Page and Warren, and the City of Winchester. (
  • The ATS, in collaboration with George Mason University, surveyed a random sample of its members to assess their "perceptions of, clinical experiences with, and preferred policy responses to climate change. (
  • Coordination for the pilot project was administered by the EHES Pilot Reference Centre (EHES RC), a collaboration between Finland's National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Italy's Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS), and Norway's Statistics Norway (SSB). (
  • Since 2006, middle and high school adolescents in 25 communities have completed more than 250,000 surveys about their health and risk behaviors. (
  • To see area percentages, maps and rankings for health indicators across the Houston area, click Single Indicator Map of InstantAtlas. (
  • The surveys provide a snapshot of leading indicators related to environment, health and safety as well as a report of incidents throughout the year. (
  • AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS): provide countries with a standardized tool to obtain indicators for the effective monitoring of national HIV/AIDS programs. (
  • In other words, these records were not taken into account in the generation of the indicators produced and released, based on the National Survey of Health. (
  • This survey is now commissioned and published by The NHS Information Centre . (
  • Lead researcher at La Trobe University's Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society Dr Christopher Fisher said the survey asked 6327 Year 10-12 students in Government, Catholic and Independent schools from each state and territory, about their sexual behaviour and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections. (
  • The Survey on Health, Aging and Wealth ," CSEF Working Papers 86, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy. (
  • Information Sharing in Credit Markets: A Survey ," CSEF Working Papers 36, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy. (
  • The ultimate goal of the survey was to create a reliable, efficient and flexible infrastructure for a biennial survey to track emerging health issues, assess the impact of health programs, and document health improvements in valid and fully-comparable ways in the Houston area. (
  • It will try to target areas that need improvement and assess how knowledgeable Yale students are about the YUHS health plan. (
  • The Student Wellness Survey was introduced in 2010 to assess school climate, positive youth development and the behavioral health of Oregon youth. (
  • Health advisor Frances Howland visited Tsum in June 2005, to assess the health situation in the valley. (
  • We asked doctors directly and found that, contrary to conventional wisdom, most doctors support national health insurance," said Dr. Aaron Carroll of the Indiana University School of Medicine, who led the study. (
  • Other information about the Culture of Health vision-including the Action Framework, details about measures, technical reports, and other information-can be found at . (
  • JULIE ROVNER, BYLINE: The annual survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation and the Health Research and Educational Trust found that the average price of a family health insurance policy offered by an employer in 2012 is $15,745. (
  • The sixth National Survey of Australian Secondary Students and Sexual Health, conducted in 2018 and released today, found 47 per cent of Year 10-12 students taking the survey had engaged in sexual intercourse. (
  • Despite low levels of literacy, the survey found that the exposure to media - newspapers, television or radio - was high, with 65 per cent women and 80 per cent men staying connected with the rest of the world. (
  • The survey found that women's empowerment is yet to make a difference to the life of over half of the country's women. (
  • The survey found that 61% of firms offered health benefits to their workers, unchanged from last year. (
  • Our survey, however, found that influencers are most likely to focus on mental health within their social media channels than any other category, condition, or theme. (
  • The survey also found 21% of those who purchased a short-term health insurance plan were influenced by the global coronavirus pandemic. (
  • The Gallup poll is considered authoritative because it combines the scope and depth found in government surveys with the timeliness of media sampling. (
  • The complete Employer Health Benefits Survey Report includes over 200 exhibits and is available under the Report tab. (
  • This Action Area is the primary focus of the survey described in this report. (
  • The report complements the overview of the 2015 survey described in the RAND report Development of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation National Survey of Health Attitudes (Carman et al. (
  • the report is intended for individuals and organizations interested in learning more about public attitudes about a Culture of Health. (
  • Given that RWJF is focused on using the Action Framework and measures to catalyze a national dialogue about approaches and investments to improve population health and well-being, the report should be beneficial to a range of national, state, and local leaders across a variety of sectors that contribute to health. (
  • The latest report, the Health Survey for England (HSE) 2011 has now been published. (
  • This survey has evolved over time and is a key tool to support and inform policies around sexual health education and disease prevention, but I hope our report helps bring awareness to the wider community as well," Dr Fisher said. (
  • The survey report also alleges that the Asha workers are losing interest and motivation to carry out their regular duties as they are not getting incentives at the right time. (
  • The most comprehensive report card on India's health is out and the reports are that the country is struggling on most of the health and development indices. (
  • Health policy experts and politicians had been assuming that the Census Bureau would help answer those questions when it issued its report on income, poverty and health insurance, based on the Current Population Survey. (
  • Schools received letter grades for each, given an overall GPA and ranked accordingly in the 2007 Sexual Health Report Card. (
  • Jim Daniels, vice president of marketing for Trojan, said that Trojan Evolve and the Sexual Health Report Card are designed to address issues concerning their target age group, those from 18 to 24. (
  • Contenders in the election for president in November all have proposed various changes, but none of the major party candidates has called for a fully national health plan. (
  • The First National Health Examination Survey, (NHES I) was conducted on a nationwide probability sample of approximately 7,800 persons 18-79 years of age. (
  • Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California. (
  • To gauge people's perceptions of health and measure progress toward a Culture of Health in the United States, RWJF worked with RAND researchers to design and field the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation National Survey of Health Attitudes in 2015. (
  • 2011 National Profile Survey of Local Boards of Health, a survey of local boards of health conducted by the National Association of Local Boards of Health (NALBOH). (
  • 2010 National Profile of Local Health Departments, a survey of local health departments conducted by the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO). (
  • A similar exercise will be undertaken for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. (
  • EZ Texting has been selected by Stanford Medicine to support its National Daily Health Survey (NDHS) to learn and predict which geographic areas in the United States will be most impacted by COVID-19. (
  • The National Environmental Health Association (NEHA) was asked by members of the Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response (CIFOR) to conduct an assessment of the capacity of local and state agencies to undertake foodborne illness outbreak investigation and response. (
  • The 1999 national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was one component of the YRBSS. (
  • N-MHSS complements the information gathered through the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS). (
  • Information from this survey will be used to guide the development and evaluation of policies and programs aimed at sustaining a healthy and deployable force, provide a snapshot of the health status of the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces personnel, and identify where interventions are most needed to sustain a healthy and readily deployable force. (
  • Welcome to the survey for the evaluation of the National External Breast Prostheses Reimbursement Program. (
  • However, the system in question is not Canada's, but the UK's National Health Service (NHS). (
  • 1. National Health Interview S. (
  • N-MHSS is an annual survey to collect information on the location, organization, structure, services, and utilization of mental health treatment facilities. (
  • Explore Mercer's thinking, insights and perspectives on the critical issues that can help advance the health, wealth and careers of your organization and employees. (
  • Julia Marter (COL '08) and Nicole Cramer (COL '08), board members of H*yas for Choice, said in a joint statement that they believe their organization provides an important service by filling a void in sexual health awareness and services at Georgetown. (
  • When you practice medicine, you only get a snapshot of your patients' overall health habits the few times a year they come to your clinic. (
  • Wouldn't it be great if you had a better method of monitoring patient health year-round? (
  • The annual Bearded Collie health survey will take place in the month of February every year. (
  • Each year the survey awards two companies for their contributions towards health and safety in the workplace. (
  • In response to those financial pressures, Todd said, the company offered a second, less generous health plan this year as a lower-cost option for its 200 workers. (
  • With nearly 20 European countries planning to conduct their own HESs within a five-year window, it was decided that standardization of survey protocols was a priority. (
  • The survey is conducted on a rolling basis throughout the year so that one-twelfth of the annual sample is interviewed each month. (
  • Georgetown finished tied for 115th out of 139 U.S. universities on Trojan Condoms' second annual sexual health survey, a slight drop from the school's ranking a year ago. (
  • Georgetown finished 80th out of the 100 universities surveyed last year. (
  • At any rate, the company put the speculation to rest by making the entirely unsurprising disclosure that "the opinion survey was paid for entirely by McKinsey as part of its routine, proprietary research. (
  • Contrary to those who suggested that the McKinsey survey did not adhere to well-accepted standards for public opinion research, McKinsey points out that "Ipsos fully adheres to the CASRO Code of Standards and Ethics for Survey Research, the ESOMAR International Code of Marketing and Social Research and the American Association of Public Opinion Research (AAPOR). (
  • ATUS Eating and Health Module User's Guides (2014-16) (2006-08) The ATUS EH Module User's Guides are maintained by the Economic Research Service of the U.S.D.A., a sponsor of the EH Module. (
  • Her research currently concentrates on health and disease during the life course, and on physiological, social and contextual determinants thereof. (
  • In this survey of recent research in health economics, I concentrate on studies that have appeared since 1971 or are in progress. (
  • The survey reflects in part my own research interests and biases and is not meant to be comprehensive. (
  • This suggests that penalties are not going to amount to a huge source of revenue," said Beth Umland, Mercer's research director for health and benefits. (
  • To help address the issues raised by the survey, Verizon and the Society for Women's Health Research have formed an international interdisciplinary team, Women's Exposure to Violence and Chronic Disease Network. (
  • Some of the samples collected are stored in the survey biobank for future research. (
  • Environmental Health and Safety has put together an online survey to get your input on certain aspects of its webpage. (
  • For more information and to participate in the survey, visit . (
  • Georgetown's cumulative 2.09 GPA in the survey ranked well below both the year's average mark of 2.70. (
  • It also investigates the population's health conditions, records of chronic non-communicable diseases and respective risk factors. (
  • WASHINGTON , Nov. 14, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- A significant link exists between many chronic health conditions and domestic violence, and the healthcare industry, support agencies and others must do more to recognize and act on that connection. (
  • The network will conduct an in-depth examination of the chronic health consequences of domestic violence and how technology can be used to address this issue. (
  • Obesity clinic sparks revolutionary health survey As a person's ACEs score increases, so did the odds of cognitive, emotional or social impairments, mental illness and chronic disease. (
  • NEHA and AFDO were asked to conduct an environmental health (EH) regulatory food safety program capacity assessment by CIFOR. (
  • Smith said he would like to conduct a formal survey so the advisory council doesn't get accused of speaking for the community. (
  • We are grateful for their valuable contributions and their enthusiastic support in producing this book, which also presents survey experiences in which practice does not always follow theory. (
  • With these surveys you will know for sure that you are going to the right medical facility or doctor practice for assistance when you are not feeling great. (