Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.United StatesPyridoxic Acid: The catabolic product of most of VITAMIN B 6; (PYRIDOXINE; PYRIDOXAL; and PYRIDOXAMINE) which is excreted in the urine.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Pyridoxine: The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Ferritins: Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.beta-Mannosidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-mannose residues in beta-D-mannosides. The enzyme plays a role in the lysosomal degradation of the N-glycosylprotein glycans. Defects in the lysosomal form of the enzyme in humans result in a buildup of mannoside intermediate metabolites and the disease BETA-MANNOSIDOSIS.Viburnum: A plant genus in the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. The common name derives from its traditional use for menstrual cramps. It is a source of viburnine, valerianic acid, vibsanin, and ursolic acid. Note that true cranberry is VACCINIUM MACROCARPON.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Libraries, MedicalNew York CityNew YorkUniversities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Absenteeism: Chronic absence from work or other duty.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Schools: Educational institutions.School Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with health and nursing care given to primary and secondary school students by a registered nurse.

Do housing tenure and car access predict health because they are simply markers of income or self esteem? A Scottish study. (1/3871)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate relations between health (using a range of measures) and housing tenure or car access; and to test the hypothesis that observed relations between these asset based measures and health are simply because they are markers for income or self esteem. DESIGN: Analysis of data from second wave of data collection of West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, collected in 1991 by face to face interviews conducted by nurse interviewers. SETTING: The Central Clydeside Conurbation, in the West of Scotland. SUBJECTS: 785 people (354 men, 431 women) in their late 30s, and 718 people (358 men, 359 women) in their late 50s, participants in a longitudinal study. MEASURES: General Health Questionnaire scores, respiratory function, waist/hip ratio, number of longstanding illnesses, number of symptoms in the last month, and systolic blood pressure; household income adjusted for household size and composition; Rosenberg self esteem score; housing tenure and care access. RESULTS: On bivariate analysis, all the health measures were significantly associated with housing tenure, and all except waist/hip ratio with car access; all except waist/hip ratio were related to income, and all except systolic blood pressure were related to self esteem. In models controlling for age, sex, and their interaction, neither waist/hip ratio nor systolic blood pressure remained significantly associated with tenure or care access. Significant relations with all the remaining health measures persisted after further controlling for income or self esteem. CONCLUSIONS: Housing tenure and car access may not only be related to health because they are markers for income or psychological traits; they may also have some directly health promoting or damaging effects. More research is needed to establish mechanisms by which they may influence health, and to determine the policy implications of their association with health.  (+info)

Validation of a specific quality of life questionnaire for functional digestive disorders. (2/3871)

BACKGROUND: Dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome are suitable conditions for assessment of quality of life. Their similarities justify the elaboration of a single specific questionnaire for the two conditions. AIMS: To examine the process leading to the validation of the psychometric properties of the functional digestive disorders quality of life questionnaire (FDDQL). METHODS: Initially, the questionnaire was given to 154 patients, to assess its acceptability and reproducibility, analyse its content, and reduce the number of items. Its responsiveness was tested during two therapeutic trials which included 428 patients. The questionnaire has been translated into French, English, and German. The psychometric validation study was conducted in France, United Kingdom, and Germany by 187 practitioners. A total of 401 patients with dyspepsia or irritable bowel syndrome, defined by the Rome criteria, filled in the FDDQL and generic SF-36 questionnaires. RESULTS: The structure of the FDDQL scales was checked by factorial analysis. Its reliability was expressed by a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.94. Assessment of its discriminant validity showed that the more severe the functional digestive disorders, the more impaired the quality of life (p<0.05). Concurrent validity was supported by the correlation found between the FDDQL and SF-36 questionnaire scales. The final version of the questionnaire contains 43 items belonging to eight domains. CONCLUSIONS: The properties of the FDDQL questionnaire, available in French, English, and German, make it appropriate for use in clinical trials designed to evaluate its responsiveness to treatment among patients with dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome.  (+info)

Restructuring the primary health care services and changing profile of family physicians in Turkey. (3/3871)

A new health-reform process has been initiated by Ministry of Health in Turkey. The aim of that reform is to improve the health status of the Turkish population and to provide health care to all citizens in an efficient and equitable manner. The restructuring of the current health system will allow more funds to be allocated to primary and preventive care and will create a managed market for secondary and tertiary care. In this article, we review the current and proposed primary care services models and the role of family physicians therein.  (+info)

Light on population health status. (4/3871)

A new approach to illustrating and analysing health status is presented which allows comparisons of various aspects of health in a population at different times and in different populations during given periods. Both quantitative and qualitative elements can be represented, the impact of interventions can be monitored, and the extent to which objectives are achieved can be assessed. The practical application of the approach is demonstrated with reference to the health profiles to Tunisia in 1966 and 1994.  (+info)

Health expectancy indicators. (5/3871)

An outline is presented of progress in the development of health expectancy indicators, which are growing in importance as a means of assessing the health status of populations and determining public health priorities.  (+info)

Determinants of an impaired quality of life five years after coronary artery bypass surgery. (6/3871)

OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants of an inferior quality of life (QoL) five years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients from western Sweden who underwent CABG between 1988 and 1991. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Questionnaires for evaluating QoL before CABG and five years after operation. Three different instruments were used: the Nottingham health profile (NHP), the psychological general wellbeing index (PGWI), and the physical activity score (PAS). RESULTS: 2121 patients underwent CABG, of whom 310 died during five years' follow up. Information on QoL after five years was available in 1431 survivors (79%). There were three independent predictors for an inferior QoL with all three instruments: female sex, a history of diabetes mellitus, and a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Multivariate analysis showed that a poor preoperative QoL was a strong independent predictor for an impaired QoL five years after CABG. An impaired QoL was also predicted by previous disease. CONCLUSIONS: Female sex, an impaired QoL before surgery, and other diseases such as diabetes mellitus are independent predictors for an impaired QoL after CABG in survivors five years after operation.  (+info)

Prospective study of health related quality of life before and after coronary artery bypass grafting: outcome at five years. (7/3871)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the long term health related quality of life of coronary artery bypass graft patients, to look at changes between one and five years after surgery, and to examine the ability of preoperative variables to predict longer term outcome. DESIGN: Nottingham health profile (NHP) was used to assess patients at five years compared to results obtained at one year. PATIENTS: 100 male patients aged < 60 years at time of surgery; 77 had three vessel disease and 84 received three or more saphenous vein grafts. RESULTS: In comparing the five year results with those at one year, lower mean scores, indicating slight improvements, were seen in the NHP dimensions of pain, sleep, social isolation, and emotional reactions, whereas signs of deterioration were noted in the physical mobility and energy scores. Chest pain was experienced by 34 of 84 patients at five years compared with 17 of 89 patients at one year. The proportion of patients who were unrestricted in their activities ranged from 61-70% at five years compared with 82-88% at one year. Absence of dyspnoea before surgery, indicating relatively good left ventricular function, was a predictor of good outcome at both one and five years. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence of deterioration in physical function is compatible with expected decline in graft patency; specific rather than generic measures were most sensitive to this change.  (+info)

Waking the health plan giant: Group Health Cooperative stops counting sheep and starts counting key tobacco indicators. (8/3871)

Implementing a comprehensive approach to decreasing tobacco use in a large health plan requires hard work and commitment on the part of many individuals. We found that major organisational change can be accomplished and sustained. Keys to our success included our decision to remove access barriers to our cessation programmes (including cost); obtaining top leadership buy-in; identifying accountable individuals who owned responsibility for change; measuring key processes and outcomes; and finally keeping at it tenaciously through multiple cycles of improvement.  (+info)

  • Arnaudova A (‎ World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Regional Office for Europe (‎ World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • The workshop was inaugurated by Ms Saira Afzal Tarar, Federal Minister Health, and jointly organized by the Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination and the World Health Organization (WHO). (who.int)
  • e-mail: [email protected]). The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concern- ing the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. (who.int)
  • The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers' products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. (who.int)
  • All reasonable precautions have been taken by the World Health Organization to verify the information contained in this publication. (who.int)
  • In no event shall the World Health Organization be liable for damages arising from its use. (who.int)
  • This publication contains the report of a WHO/UNFPA Technical Consultation and does not necessarily represent the decisions or policies of the World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Mbizvo of the Department of Reproductive Health and Research at the World Health Organization (WHO) and Stan Bernstein and Hedia Belhadj of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). (who.int)
  • In oral epidemiology, the DMF/dmf index, a measure of cumulative caries experience of the teeth or surfaces, has been recommended by World Health Organization [ 1 ] and is widely used in dental research. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Monitoring the progress made towards achieving health-related Millennium Development Goals (‎MDGs)‎ depends on the availability of data on the associated indicators and on the quality of that data. (who.int)
  • The participants agreed that health and environment information systems, on both national and subnational levels, are useful tools for the systemic collection, analysis and interpretation of health and environmental data. (who.int)
  • info describing the significance of the indicator, source/years of data, methodology for creation, and any limitations. (nado.org)
  • allows users to compare an indicator value for the entire population of a county with sub-populations defined by sex, age groups, and race/ethnicity, where data are available. (nado.org)
  • Against a backdrop of chaos and development, improvement in data systems and technology made health data more available in the ensuing decades, but the problems of summarization and interpretation persist. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Background Although there is evidence for socioeconomic inequalities in health and health behaviour in adolescents, different indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) have rarely been compared within one data sample. (bmj.com)
  • Few studies have considered the factors independently associated with chronic fatigue syndrome ( CFS ) and/or fibromyalgia ( FM ) or considered the impact of these conditions on health status using population-based data. (canada.ca)
  • We used data from the nationally representative 2010 Canadian Community Health Survey (n= 59 101) to describe self-reported health professional-diagnosed CFS and/or FM , and their associations with 6 health status indicators. (canada.ca)
  • Footnote 2 Nonetheless, data from the national population-based 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey ( CCHS ) indicate that Canadians with CFS and FM report poorer general health and mental health, greater dissatisfaction with life, higher prevalence of mental illness, needing more assistance in the activities of daily living and using health care services more often. (canada.ca)
  • Table of community indicator values based on available IBIS indicator data. (utah.gov)
  • Participating school districts also vary in the exact methods they use to extract health record data. (alaska.gov)
  • The [http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/InfoCenter/Pages/ia/swsss/swsss_health_profiles.aspx Alaska Student Weight Status Surveillance System (SWSSS)] is comprised of Alaska student weight status data obtained voluntarily from school districts that have contributed their data as a means of monitoring obesity trends. (alaska.gov)
  • Participating school districts provide the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) de-identified student data (i.e., measured height and weight, age, and sex). (alaska.gov)
  • Most indicators are derived from data sources at the EU's statistical office (Eurostat), the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and are available for most MS. The remaining indicators on the shortlist are at different stages of conceptual and/or methodological development. (rki.de)
  • The indicators have been reviewed in the past against scientific developments, changes in data collections and emerging policy needs, yet not as part of a systematic and sustainable procedure. (rki.de)
  • Availability was highest for the chapter on demography and socio-economic situation, followed by the chapter on health status, where data were available for most indicators from more than 90% of the participating countries. (rki.de)
  • Data availability is crucial for the actual implementation of indicators and has considerably increased for ECHI in the last decade. (rki.de)
  • The data availability mapping provides a structured overview of the current status of data availability for implemented indicators. (rki.de)
  • The ECHI shortlist can contribute to the collection of comparable policy-relevant health data in Europe, foster evidence-based public health and contribute to Member States learning from each other. (rki.de)
  • And the process of selecting community indicators -- who chooses, how they choose, what they choose -- is as important as the data you select. (blogspot.com)
  • The US Department of Health and Human Services has published the Community Health Status Indicators Report, which contains health indicator data on over 200 measures for every county in the United States. (blogspot.com)
  • Navigate to a health data profile for your community. (nm.us)
  • Australian census and National Health Survey data were used to determine socio-economic, health workforce and service indicators. (mja.com.au)
  • Limited information on oral health status for young adults aged 18 year-olds is known, and no available data exists in Hong Kong. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Studies with comprehensive profile of this population group with the intension to explore the risk indicators or factors of dental caries and periodontal disease are rare and no such comprehensive data is available in Hong Kong. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sociodemographic Indicators of Health Status Using a Machine Learning Approach and Data from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA). (cdc.gov)
  • CONCLUSIONS Machine learning methods can be used to evaluate multidimensional longitudinal health data and may provide accurate results with fewer requirements when compared with traditional statistical modeling. (cdc.gov)
  • Our cross-sectional study (data obtained from the DELIVER multicentre prospective cohort study conducted from September 2009 to March 2011) was based on questionnaires about maternal health and prenatal care, which were completed by 6711 pregnant women. (springer.com)
  • The research team at UT System Population Health includes epidemiologists, data analysts, psychologists, public health experts, and former state health administrators. (utsystem.edu)
  • We have extensive experience working with large health data sets as well as within complex bureaucracies. (utsystem.edu)
  • Health Status of Northeast Texas: 2016," which uses detailed mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics, found that the region has extremely high age-adjusted mortality rates for heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lower respiratory diseases, and unintentional injury (e.g. car accidents). (utsystem.edu)
  • In order to document and understand this health indicator, UT System Population Health has calculated zip-code level infant mortality rates using data from Texas Vital Statistics Linked Birth and Death Records from 2011-2014 (1,543,167 births). (utsystem.edu)
  • In order to increase the availability and accessibility of local data, UT System Population Health used the 2013-2015 Texas birth records to generate ZIP-code-level measures of three maternal risk factors: pre-pregnancy obesity, smoking during pregnancy, and prenatal care utilization. (utsystem.edu)
  • Data were collected in Spain, in 2014, within the framework of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study, from a representative national sample of 8739 adolescents aged between 11 and 16 (mean = 13.72, SD = 1.71). (springer.com)
  • Relationship of subjective and objective social status with psychological and physiological functioning: Preliminary data in healthy white women. (springer.com)
  • Part 3 presents the most current quantitative data on the Fourth Plan indicators, and draws on qualitative information about the progress of the actions agreed under the Plan. (health.gov.au)
  • There was a commitment to using existing national data wherever possible, and to specify the indicators in a manner consistent with currently recognised quality frameworks. (health.gov.au)
  • The need for extensive work to develop suitable data sources to populate some indicators was recognised, along with the fact that proxy indicators might need to be used in the interim where preferred data were not available. (health.gov.au)
  • As a preliminary exercise to reporting the Fourth Plan indicators in future National Mental Health Reports , work was undertaken to develop detailed specifications and identification of data sources through the then National Mental Health Information Strategy Subcommittee (now Standing Committee), which acts as an inter-governmental group and operates under the auspices of the Australian Health Ministers Standing Council on Health. (health.gov.au)
  • Three indicators (1, 2 and 20) are split because they require data from two different sources. (health.gov.au)
  • No current data sources are available for the nine remaining indicators, but work is in progress for seven of these (1b, 2b, 5, 17, 18, 24 and 25, highlighted by an amber traffic light symbol), and there is no foreseeable data source for two indicators (10 and 20b, highlighted by a red traffic light symbol). (health.gov.au)
  • ATSDR (Division of Health Studies) will review both the dioxin data and further environmental characterization data to determine if a more extensive exposure investigation or a health study follow-up is appropriate. (cdc.gov)
  • Not all the benefits and HR data is relevant to health, but some of its work on health care benefit trends and employment is useful. (healthjournalism.org)
  • This indicator is based on mortality data recorded in the National Vital Statistics System, which registers virtually all deaths nationwide from death certificate data. (epa.gov)
  • This indicator is based on data from the National Vital Statistics System, which registers virtually all deaths and births nationwide. (epa.gov)
  • The temporal coverage of this indicator is from 1940 to 2014 and data are collected from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. (epa.gov)
  • And so we have Apple, Jawbone, Fitbit and their like who are trying to provide consumers with a superior healthcare experience and a semblance of control over their own health data. (cio.com)
  • The researchers compared that data against 25 health indicators such as depression and pre-term births. (healthcanal.com)
  • Following table will give such relevant health status data about our countries of interest. (bartleby.com)
  • National-level monitoring of the achievement of universal access to reproductive health : conceptual and practical considerations and related indicators - report of a WHO/UNFPA Technical Consultation, 13-15 March 2007, Geneva. (who.int)
  • 3.Reproductive health services. (who.int)
  • Little evidence from India is available regarding the ways in which early marriage may compromise young women's lives and their reproductive health and choices. (guttmacher.org)
  • While the situation of young married women in India has been increasingly documented, 6,27-33 evidence on the ways in which early marriage may limit young women's lives and compromise their reproductive health and choices is limited. (guttmacher.org)
  • Year 2000 baseline results of these 5 occupational disease indicators show that Wisconsin has lower disease rates than the nation for some of the indicators and higher rates for others. (elsevier.com)
  • El Desarrollo humano en Nicaragua 2000 : equidad para superar la vulnerabilidad. (who.int)
  • Archeological findings from the Nile river region as early as 2000 b.c.e., indicate that the Egyptians also had environment health concerns with rain and waste water. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A partir de datos del Sistema Nacional de Estadísticas Vitales de los Estados Unidos y de los censos de 1999 y de 2000, calculamos las tasas de mortalidad relacionadas con la diabetes, ajustadas por edad y para cada grupo de edad específico, en mexicanoestadounidenses, puertorriqueños y cubanoestadounidenses de más de 35 años de edad. (scielosp.org)
  • In this version of CHSI, updated in March 2015, all indicators are benchmarked against those of peer counties, the median of all U.S. counties, and Healthy People 2020 targets. (healthjournalism.org)
  • In this tertiary care / referral clinic patient population, considered by the authors to be more impaired than other people of the same sex and age range with these disorders (e.g. people with CFS and/or FM selected as part of population-based surveys), lower functioning was associated with younger age at onset, lower socio-economic status, and CFS and FM coexisting. (canada.ca)
  • Our second aim was to identify potential differences in these health status indicators and behaviours according to educational level (as a proxy for socio-economic status) and ethnicity (as a proxy for immigration status). (springer.com)
  • Suboptimal health conditions and behaviours are consistently found to be more prevalent among people from lower socio-economic status -for example as indicated by lower levels of education- and immigrant status. (springer.com)
  • effects of socio-economic status and gender on rural health indicators and others. (etsu.edu)
  • Associated Indicators-these are indicators that are related to the primary indicator and may provide additional valuable information. (nado.org)
  • For example, the primary indicator for educational attainment is on-time high school graduation rate. (nado.org)
  • Recommendations made related to the provision of school health services that promote the health status of the pupils based on Primary Health Care principles, parental involvement in school health matters and the formulation of policies aimed at controlling absenteeism in schools. (unisa.ac.za)
  • Our first aim was to give an overview of the self-reported health status and health behaviours of pregnant women under midwife-led primary care in the Netherlands. (springer.com)
  • The health impact of human papillomavirus vaccination in the situation of primary human papillomavirus screening: A mathematical modeling study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Before joining the University of Tasmania as Professor of Healthcare Improvement Professor Kinsman was an Associate Professor (Research) and Director of Research in the School of Rural Health, Monash University (Victoria) in addition to being Director, Centre of Research Excellence in Rural and Remote Primary Care. (edu.au)
  • Professor Kinsman has run several large multi-site research projects, including a cluster randomised controlled trial across six rural hospitals to improve heart management, a mixed methods study across 14 primary care practices to investigate the quality of heart disease prevention and management, and is currently investigating the impact of 'lean' on the Saskatchewan health system. (edu.au)
  • Previous roles include Director of Research in the School of Rural Health, Monash University (Victoria) and Director, Centre of Research Excellence in Rural and Remote Primary Care. (edu.au)
  • These factors, along with the concomitant issues of racism, prejudice and discrimination, are collectively referred to as the "social determinants of health. (washingtongrantmakers.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the determinants of health in aging using machine learning methods and to compare the accuracy with traditional methods. (cdc.gov)
  • Many factors contribute to healthcare disparity, including access, behavioral risk factors, family history, social determinants of health (mainly income and education), social and cultural factors, and discrimination in the clinic. (wikipedia.org)
  • When thinking about health, we all too often think about health care-the services of doctors, hospitals, clinics, and others who provide care to those who are already sick. (washingtongrantmakers.org)
  • But, while health care is an essential component of any strategy to protect health, of equal importance are those factors that can prevent health problems and improve basic health and well being. (washingtongrantmakers.org)
  • Health and Care Utilization of Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Youth: A Population-Based Study. (uchicago.edu)
  • Glader L, Plews-Ogan J, Agrawal R. Children with medical complexity: creating a framework for care based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. (uchicago.edu)
  • While she and her colleagues as paediatricians work hard to ensure each child receives optimal care, she says these negative figures reflect a considerable extra cost, both to the health system, and to affected children and their families. (otago.ac.nz)
  • Health status includes the length of people's lives and in this case also the number of children i day care. (oecd-ilibrary.org)
  • More importantly, however, there are weaknesses in the health care delivery system including insufficient focus on preventive interventions, gender imbalances, weak human resource development and insufficient funds. (who.int)
  • It aims to improve access to high quality maternal and child health care and family planning services through basic EmONC in 550 health facilities and comprehensive EmONC in 275 hospitals. (who.int)
  • Community support of the local health care system is vital for sustainability and growth. (ruralcenter.org)
  • The Center understands that rural health care facilities face unique workforce challenges. (ruralcenter.org)
  • Since 1991, The Center has assisted rural citizens, health professionals, educators and policymakers with design and implementation strategies to assure the availability of quality health care. (ruralcenter.org)
  • TASC provides performance improvement resources to CAHs and state Flex Programs on quality, finance, operations, systems of care and population health. (ruralcenter.org)
  • The DRCHSD Program works with rural Delta communities to address health care needs and strengthen the local health care system through comprehensive technical assistance. (ruralcenter.org)
  • The Small Rural Hospital Transition ( SRHT ) Project supports small rural hospitals nationally by providing on-site technical assistance to assist bridging the gaps between the current health care system and the newly emerging health care delivery and payment system. (ruralcenter.org)
  • The Associates Program is designed to connect health care organizations and networks with highly qualified rural consultants and technical experts. (ruralcenter.org)
  • Eligible rural hospital leaders and staff can attend a HELP webinar to learn about current financial, operational and quality performance needs that impact their transition to the new health care environment. (ruralcenter.org)
  • The first website in Spanish of its kind to help consumers take control of their health care by connecting them to new information and resources that will help them access quality, affordable health care coverage. (migrantclinician.org)
  • EthnoMed contains information about cultural beliefs, medical issues and related topics pertinent to the health care of immigrants to Seattle or the US, many of whom are refugees fleeing war-torn parts of the world. (migrantclinician.org)
  • Active duty women reported better access to health care, better physical health, less engagement in health risk behaviors, and greater likelihood of having had a recent Pap than civilian women. (nih.gov)
  • Compared with civilian women, NG/R women rated their health and access to health care similarly and active duty women rated theirs better on several domains, but veterans consistently reported poorer health. (nih.gov)
  • Three major agencies are involved in the Israeli health care delivery system. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • One area of health care that is provided mainly by the private market is dental care. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • It is well known that the health status of a population depends on many factors, including heredity, environment, lifestyle and the health care delivery system itself. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Variation in the provision of coronary angiography is associated with health care inefficiency and inequity. (mja.com.au)
  • A greater focus on clinical care standards and better distribution of health services will be required if these variations are to be attenuated. (mja.com.au)
  • The implications A focus on clinical care standards and better health service distribution is needed to reduce the variation. (mja.com.au)
  • 6 , 7 This variation may be explained by heterogeneity in clinical need (ie, variations in disease incidence or prevalence), but differences unexplained by disease burden highlight inequities in access to health services, and differential over- and underuse of health care resources. (mja.com.au)
  • Health care in Australia faces a combination of challenges. (mja.com.au)
  • 8 - 12 Australia's demography may contribute to heterogeneity in access to health services, differential clinical needs and variation in care. (mja.com.au)
  • Overview of Australian health care system - role and functions. (edu.au)
  • Why Ration Health Care? (upenn.edu)
  • If such trends continue, they will have an impact on the housing market and the provision of home health care. (abs.gov.au)
  • Prior painful experiences can reduce the acceptance of later health care, henc. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Center for Excellence in Health Care Journalism Better coverage. (healthjournalism.org)
  • To subscribe, select the "Email" tab then select the "Legal News: Health Care" topic checkbox. (healthjournalism.org)
  • For background on what a co-op is, and some examples of successful ones that predate the Affordable Care Act, see this 2009 " tool kit " from the Alliance for Health Reform. (healthjournalism.org)
  • Health-care providers have the power and knowledge to ensure everyone -including moms who face significant social, economic and health challenges- receives access to the right information at the right time," said Dr. O'Campo. (healthcanal.com)
  • The earlier a mom knows how to best care for herself and her baby, the better their health today and well into the future. (healthcanal.com)
  • The hospital also provides outstanding medical education to future health care professionals in 27 academic disciplines. (healthcanal.com)
  • Critical care and trauma, heart disease, neurosurgery, diabetes, cancer care, care of the homeless and global health are among the hospital's recognized areas of expertise. (healthcanal.com)
  • Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA) improves the health of British Columbians by seeking province-wide solutions to specialized health care needs in collaboration with BC health authorities and other partners. (bccdc.ca)
  • Medical and Dental Electronic Health Record Reporting Discrepancies in Integrated Patient Care. (nih.gov)
  • Health care has evolved throughout the years. (bartleby.com)
  • The factors that have made health care evolve are the costs of health insurance, research on the advancement of medicine and diseases, technology, etc. (bartleby.com)
  • Health care expenditures have risen drastically in the United States during the past 30 years. (bartleby.com)
  • Much of the growth in health care spending can be linked to modifiable population risk factors such as obesity, which in turn gives rise to diseases. (bartleby.com)
  • Socioeconomic Status and Health Care Sharing My Own Perspective There is a strong correlation with an individual or group SES and the quality of health care received. (bartleby.com)
  • The quality of care depends on the facilities that is offering the services, the staff, accessibility to the service and the kind of health insurance that the person has. (bartleby.com)
  • Health Status and Health Care Services in China with comparison to the United States HSM310 Introduction to Health Services Management Course Project December 12, 2010 A health care system refers to the comprehensive organization, structures and strategies through which Medicare and health care is made available by the government to its citizens. (bartleby.com)
  • A health care system is a product of countries politics. (bartleby.com)
  • The diverse performance of the health care system across the U.S., however, is not. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • People in the United States, regardless of where they live, deserve the best of American health care. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • If all states approached levels achieved by the top states, the cumulative result would be substantial improvement in terms of access to care, health care quality, reduced costs, and healthier lives. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Improving performance across the nation to rates achieved by the leading states could save thousands of lives, improve quality of life for millions, and enhance the value gained from our substantial investment in health care. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • While some savings would be offset by the costs of interventions and insurance coverage expansions, there would be a net gain in value from a higher-performing health care system. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Otherwise, we observed that the mothers (in both the KMC group and the TC group) had behavioral patterns that were adapted to the child's at-risk health status and to the precarious condition of some premature infants requiring intensive care. (aappublications.org)
  • Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Looking for some current suggestions regarding health care issues in relation to health services administration. (brainmass.com)
  • If a population dies young as a result of lack of access to preventative treatment or care once they get sick, that is known as health inequity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Massachusetts health care reform successfully covered approximately two-thirds of then-uninsured residents, but significant barriers to access of health care still exist. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, Massachusetts passed an expansive health care reform bill. (wikipedia.org)
  • The law had three key components aimed at combating healthcare inequality - mandating that every citizen has a minimum level of insurance coverage, providing free health care insurance for residents earning less than 150% of the federal poverty level and mandating employers with more than 10 "full-time" employees to provide healthcare insurance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Socio-economic indicators, regional location, and ACS and chronic disease burden were not significantly associated with angiography rates. (mja.com.au)
  • Over the past 30 years, facilitated by high speed computing and electronics, considerable investment has been made in the collection and analysis of urban health indicators, environmental indicators, and methods for their amalgamation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Methods: Two surveys were conducted within the framework of the BRIDGE Health project to reassess the status of the ECHI shortlist. (rki.de)
  • Health-trend and personal-fitted variables were generated as predictors of health metrics using three machine learning methods, random forest (RF), deep learning (DL) and the linear model (LM), with calculation of the percentage increase in mean square error (%IncMSE) as a measure of the importance of a given predictive variable, when the variable was removed from the model. (cdc.gov)
  • METHODS: In 150 patients with stable intermittent claudication, the health-related QoL was compared with the angiogram score, the resting Doppler pressure values, and the initial claudication distance (ICD) and absolute claudication distance (ACD) with treadmill exercise. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This indicator shows the number of deaths caused by malignant neoplasm (cancer) per 100 000 inhabitants in the Nordic region. (oecd-ilibrary.org)
  • Sixty-five was selected as the age for this indicator to focus on deaths more likely to be attributable to preventable causes and less influenced by increasing age. (epa.gov)
  • Adjusted for sex, age, race and Hispanic ethnicity, educational attainment, and poverty status using the NHIS imputed income files. (cdc.gov)
  • While these things are important, our health is actually determined by the conditions and characteristics of our everyday lives: our race and ethnicity, our educational level and income, our family history and early life experiences, our neighborhoods, and even the homes in which we live. (washingtongrantmakers.org)
  • Education, race/ethnicity and other health status indicators are differently associated with various drinking behaviours. (wineinformationcouncil.eu)
  • The relationships of education and ethnicity with 13 health status indicators and 10 health behaviours during pregnancy were examined using multilevel multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for age, parity, number of weeks pregnant and either education or ethnicity. (springer.com)
  • As a result of extensive research, it is now widely accepted as fact that our health-whether excellent, good, fair, or poor-is not simply a matter of genetics, personal behaviors, or lifestyle choices. (washingtongrantmakers.org)
  • The Initiative's objective is to coordinate and optimize the availability of health resources for Mexican immigrants and their families through bilateral training, research, and health promotion activities. (migrantclinician.org)
  • The socioeconomic status (SES) is a central analytical concept for epidemiologic research and health reporting in Germany. (nih.gov)
  • In this research, the relationship between classic socioeconomic indicators (education and occupation) and others that have been proposed more recently (family affluence scale and subjective family wealth) is analysed. (springer.com)
  • The results contribute to resolving methodological difficulties associated with the evaluation of adolescent socioeconomic position, showing the unidimensionality of a global measure of objective wealth and demonstrating it to be a useful instrument for assessing the socioeconomic position in health inequalities research. (springer.com)
  • Social Indicators Research, 118 (1), 365-385. (springer.com)
  • Child Indicators Research, 2 (3), 319-351. (springer.com)
  • Lakes basin and the potential health effects observed through research from the exposure to these conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • We regress age-adjusted all-causes of death on various socioeconomic factors to assess the appropriate use of variants of the rural-urban continuum for health research. (springer.com)
  • Results derived using collapsed variants of the RUCC may be too unstable to use as health research and funding categorization schemes. (springer.com)
  • This study was funded by a grant from the Office of Rural Health Policy of the Department of Health and Human Services (Grant 4-D1A-RH-00005-01-01) through the Rural Health Safety and Security Institute, Social Science Research Center (SSRC), Mississippi State University (MSU). (springer.com)
  • Professor Kinsman holds a joint appointment with the University of Tasmania (School of Health Sciences) and the Tasmanian Health Service (North) and has an outstanding record of research that reduces the gap between evidence and clinical practice. (edu.au)
  • Research topics include fire rehabilitation effects and effectiveness, indicators of rangeland health, invasive species ecology, and restoration of shrub steppe ecosystems. (usgs.gov)
  • The item Population health : health status indicators, Marsha M. Cohen, Leonard MacWilliam represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in University of Manitoba Libraries . (umanitoba.ca)
  • Thus the term "population health" has emerged. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Population health differs from community health only in the scope of people it might address. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The foundations of community health include the history of community health practice, factors that affect community and population health, and the tools of community health practice. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Telemedicine and remote patient monitoring, driven by changes in healthcare reimbursement models that reward population health management and proactive intervention to prevent hospitalizations and readmissions, have been a big growth area for traditional healthcare providers. (cio.com)
  • General physical health status is the culmination of all the things that affect a person's health. (utah.gov)
  • WHO has designed the Model Disability Survey (MDS) to collect information relevant to understand the lived experience of disability, including the person's capacity to perform tasks actions in daily life, their actual performance, the barriers and facilitators in the environment they experience, and their health conditions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aims of this study were to investigate the oral health status and its risk indicators among young adults in Hong Kong using negative binomial regression. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Negative binomial regressions for DMFT score and the number of sextants with healthy gums were performed to identify the risk indicators of oral health status. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Their oral health status was related to their dental visit behavior, oral hygiene habit, and oral health knowledge. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to the Hong Kong Oral Health Survey conducted in 2001 [ 4 ], the prevalence of dental caries experience among 12-year-olds was 37.8% and their mean DMFT score of 0.8 suggested that the oral health condition of 12-year-olds could be regarded as very good in terms of the dental caries level. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Due to the complete lack of oral health information on young adults, it is impossible to understand the dramatic changes in oral health status from childhood to adulthood. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, it is of great importance to collect oral health information on young adults. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Examine health status indicators for the community including cancer incidence statistics. (cdc.gov)
  • 4 Based on the question 'Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you had diabetes or sugar diabetes? (cdc.gov)
  • Population (men or women) at greatest risk include (largely) younger individuals (up to 700% increase in odds) who are single or divorced, those who are less health conscious and watch television or use mobile devices during leisure time 4 + hours per day and do not have diabetes. (wineinformationcouncil.eu)
  • The 2007-08 NHS collected information to describe various aspects of the health status of the Australian population, with a particular focus on asthma, cancer, heart and circulatory conditions, diabetes, mental health, arthritis and osteoporosis. (abs.gov.au)
  • We compared baseline values of three HUs including Short Form 6 Dimensions (SF-6D), and Health Utilities Index, Mark II and Mark III (HUI2 and HUI3) and the feeling thermometer (FT) among type 2 diabetes participants in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial. (healthpartners.com)
  • Examinar la mortalidad relacionada con la diabetes entre mexicanoestadounidenses, puertorriqueños y cubanoestadounidenses de más de 35 años de edad en los Estados Unidos durante 1996 y 1997. (scielosp.org)
  • Se consideraron muertes relacionadas con la diabetes aquellas en las cuales la diabetes se codificó como causa de muerte subyacente o contribuyente. (scielosp.org)
  • La tasa de mortalidad relacionada con la diabetes en mexicanoestadounidenses (251 muertes por cada 100 000 habitantes) y en puertorriqueños (204 muertes por cada 100 000) fue dos veces mayor que dicha tasa en cubanoestadounidenses (101 muertes por cada 100 000). (scielosp.org)
  • Después de la diabetes, las enfermedades cardíacas (31%), seguidas del cáncer (8%) y de los accidentes cerebrovasculares (6%), fueron las principales causas de muerte subyacentes relacionadas con la diabetes en los tres grupos étnicos. (scielosp.org)
  • Los análisis de estos datos revelan diferencias en la mortalidad relacionada con la diabetes entre mexicanoestadounidenses, puertorriqueños y cubanoestadounidenses de más de 35 años de edad en los Estados Unidos. (scielosp.org)
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate how various alcohol-drinking behaviours are associated with sociodemographics, lifestyle factors and health status indicators in Brazil. (wineinformationcouncil.eu)
  • Objectives To explore criteria regulating treatment with reimbursed biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) across Europe and to relate criteria to indicators of national socioeconomic welfare. (bmj.com)
  • Adults who were obese reported seven or more days of poor physical health at higher rates (19.3%) than their normal weight (13.0%) or overweight (13.6%) counterparts. (utah.gov)
  • In Massachusetts, 13.0% of respondents overall had fair or poor health, while 23.0% of Hispanic respondents had fair or poor health. (wikipedia.org)