Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Vision Disparity: The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.United StatesPrimary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Depth Perception: Perception of three-dimensionality.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Convergence, Ocular: The turning inward of the lines of sight toward each other.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Great BritainPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Healthy People Programs: Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Status Epilepticus: A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.CaliforniaDisabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Diagnostic Self Evaluation: A self-evaluation of health status.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Tooth DiseasesHealth Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.FloridaUniversal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Sociology, Medical: The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Community Networks: Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.Southeastern United States: The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.North CarolinaNew York CityOrganizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
The health related quality of life of the employees in the Greek hospitals: assessing how healthy are the health workers. (1/2192)BACKGROUND: The main aim of the study was to assess the health status and health related quality of life of the personnel of the Hellenic Network of Health Promotion Hospitals. The instrument used was SF-36. An additional aim was to contribute to the validation of the SF-36. METHODS: The study instrument was administered to 347 randomly selected employees from seven hospitals within major Athens area. Completed questionnaire were obtained by 292 employees. The statistical significance of the observed differences was tested with parametric (t-test and ANOVA) and non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney and Kruskall-Wallis). Also, since the Greek national norms have not been published yet, the mean scores on all eight SF-36 dimensions of this study were compared with the U.S and several European national norms just to assess the extent to what there are significant differences between a Greek healthy population and the general populations of several other countries. RESULTS: Medical doctors and technical personnel (mostly engineers) reported better health status than nurses and administrative and auxiliary personnel; women reported poorer health status than men on all eight SF-36 dimensions; younger employees reported poorer health status than their older counterpartners. Moreover the mean scores on all SF-36 dimensions reported by the participants on this study were considerably lower than the U.S and many European national norms. Also the study results constitute an indication of the SF-36 construct validity. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study show that there are major and intense health inequalities among the employees in Greek hospitals. (+info)
Socioeconomic differences in the burden of disease in Sweden. (2/2192)OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyse how much of the total burden of disease in Sweden, measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), is a result of inequalities in health between socioeconomic groups. We also sought to determine how this unequal burden is distributed across different disease groups and socioeconomic groups. METHODS: Our analysis used data from the Swedish Burden of Disease Study. We studied all Swedish men and women in three age groups (15-44, 45-64, 65-84) and five major socioeconomic groups. The 18 disease and injury groups that contributed to 65% of the total burden of disease were analysed using attributable fractions and the slope index of inequality and the relative index of inequality. FINDINGS: About 30% of the burden of disease among women and 37% of the burden among men is a differential burden resulting from socioeconomic inequalities in health. A large part of this unequally distributed burden falls on unskilled manual workers. The largest contributors to inequalities in health for women are ischaemic heart disease, depression and neurosis, and stroke. For men, the largest contributors are ischaemic heart disease, alcohol addiction and self-inflicted injuries. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to use socioeconomic differences, measured by socioeconomic position, to assess the burden of disease using DALYs. We found that in Sweden one-third of the burden of the diseases we studied is unequally distributed. Studies of socioeconomic inequalities in the burden of disease that take both mortality and morbidity into account can help policy-makers understand the magnitude of inequalities in health for different disease groups. (+info)
Asthma patient education opportunities in predominantly minority urban communities. (3/2192)Disenfranchised ethnic minority communities in the urban United States experience a high burden of asthma. Conventional office-based patient education often is insufficient to promote proper asthma management and coping practices responsive to minority patients' environments. This paper explores existing and alternative asthma information and education sources in three urban minority communities in western New York State to help design other practical educational interventions. Four focus groups (n = 59) and four town hall meetings (n = 109) were conducted in one Hispanic and two black communities. Focus groups included adult asthmatics or caretakers of asthmatics, and town meetings were open to all residents. A critical theory perspective informed the study. Asthma information and education sources, perceptions of asthma and ways of coping were elicited through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis followed a theory-driven immersion-crystallization approach. Several asthma education and information resources from the health care system, media, public institutions and communities were identified. Intervention recommendations highlighted asthma workshops that recognize participants as teachers and learners, offer social support, promote advocacy, are culturally appropriate and community-based and include health care professionals. Community-based, group health education couched on people's experiences and societal conditions offers unique opportunities for patient asthma care empowerment in minority urban communities. (+info)
Socioeconomic risk, parenting during the preschool years and child health age 6 years. (4/2192)BACKGROUND: Parent child relationships and parenting processes are emerging as potential life course determinants of health. Parenting is socially patterned and could be one of the factors responsible for the negative effects of social inequalities on health, both in childhood and adulthood. This study tests the hypothesis that some of the effect of socioeconomic risk on health in mid childhood is transmitted via early parenting. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in 10 USA communities involving 1041 mother/child pairs, selected at birth at random with conditional sampling. EXPOSURES: income, maternal education, maternal age, lone parenthood, ethnic status and objective assessments of mother child interaction in the first 4 years of life covering warmth, negativity and positive control. OUTCOMES: mother's report of child's health in general at 6 years. Modelling: multiple regression analyses with statistical testing of mediational processes. RESULTS: All five indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) were correlated with all three measures of parenting, such that low SES was associated with poor parenting. Among the measures of parenting maternal warmth was independently predictive of future health, and among the socioeconomic variables maternal education, partner presence and 'other ethnic group' proved predictive. Measures of parenting significantly mediated the impact of measures of SES on child health. CONCLUSIONS: Parenting mediates some, but not all of the detectable effects of socioeconomic risk on health in childhood. As part of a package of measures that address other determinants, interventions to support parenting are likely to make a useful contribution to reducing childhood inequalities in health. (+info)
Inequality in the health status of workers in small-scale enterprises. (5/2192)BACKGROUND: Small-scale enterprises (SSEs) usually share poorer resources for promoting occupational health. AIM: To investigate inequality of health status among SSEs in Japan. METHOD: A cross-sectional, multiple-centred study was carried out using the periodical health check-up data for the fiscal year 2000 to compare the age-adjusted proportions of workers with hypertension (HT), hyperlipidaemia, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and obesity and of current smokers by size of enterprise, i.e.
Possible socioeconomic and ethnic disparities in quality of life in a cohort of breast cancer survivors. (6/2192)BACKGROUND: This paper describes the ethnic and socioeconomic correlates of functioning in a cohort of long-term nonrecurring breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants (n = 804) in this study were women from the Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study, a population-based, multicenter, multiethnic, prospective study of women newly diagnosed with in situ or Stages I to IIIA breast cancer. Measurements occurred at three timepoints following diagnosis. Outcomes included standardized measures of functioning (MOS SF-36). RESULTS: Overall, these long-term survivors reported values on two physical function subscales of the SF-36 slightly lower than population norms. Black women reported statistically significantly lower physical functioning (PF) scores (P = 0.01), compared with White and Hispanic women, but higher mental health (MH) scores (P < 0.01) compared with White and Hispanic women. In the final adjusted model, race was significantly related to PF, with Black participants and participants in the "Other" ethnic category reporting poorer functioning compared to the White referent group (P < 0.01, 0.05). Not working outside the home, being retired or disabled and being unemployed (on leave, looking for work) were associated with poorer PF compared to currently working (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: These data indicate that race/ethnicity influences psychosocial functioning in breast cancer survivors and can be used to identify need for targeted interventions to improve functioning. (+info)
Health inequalities with the National Statistics-Socioeconomic classification: disease risk factors and health in the 1958 British birth cohort. (7/2192)BACKGROUND: Health inequalities using the new National Statistics socioeconomic classification (NS-SEC) have so far been assessed using only general measures of health, with little known about inequality for specific health outcomes. Preliminary analyses show that self-employed workers, distinguished for the first time by NS-SEC, show increased mortality risk in the last 5 years of working life. We examined health inequalities for multiple disease risk factors and health outcomes, with particular reference to cardiorespiratory risk in the self-employed. METHODS: 8952 participants in the 1958 British birth cohort with information on adult occupation and disease risk factors at 45 years. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, glycosylated haemoglobin, total and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), von Willebrand factor, total immunoglobulin E (IgE), one-second forced expiratory volume, 4 kHz hearing threshold, visual impairment, depressive symptoms, anxiety, chronic widespread pain and self-rated health were measured. RESULTS: Routine workers had poorer health than professional workers for most outcomes examined, except HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, t-PA and IgE in men; total cholesterol and IgE in women. Patterns of inequality varied depending on the outcome but rarely showed linear trend across the classes. Relative to professionals, own account workers (self-employed) did not show consistently increased levels of cardiorespiratory risk markers. CONCLUSIONS: Health inequalities are seen with NS-SEC across diverse outcomes for men and women. In mid-life, self-employed workers do not have an adverse cardiorespiratory risk profile. (+info)
Race and risk of schizophrenia in a US birth cohort: another example of health disparity? (8/2192)BACKGROUND: Immigrant groups in Western Europe have markedly increased rates of schizophrenia. The highest rates are found in ethnic groups that are predominantly black. Separating minority race/ethnicity from immigration in Western Europe is difficult; in the US, these issues can be examined separately. Here we compared rates of schizophrenia between whites and African Americans and evaluated whether the association was mediated by socioeconomic status (SES) of family of origin in a US birth cohort. METHODS: Study subjects were offspring of women enrolled during pregnancy at Alameda County Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Plan clinics (1959-66) in the Child Health and Development Study. For schizophrenia spectrum disorders, 12 094 of the 19 044 live births were followed over 1981-97. The analysis is restricted to cohort members whose mothers identified as African American or white at intake. Stratified proportional hazards regression was the method of analysis; the robustness of findings to missing data bias was assessed using multiple imputation. RESULTS: African Americans were about 3-fold more likely than whites to be diagnosed with schizophrenia [Rate Ratio (RR) = 3.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.71-6.27]. After adjusting for indicators of family SES at birth, the RR was about 2-fold (RR = 1.92; 95% CI: 0.86-4.28). Using multiple imputation in the model including family SES indicators, the RR for race and schizophrenia was strengthened in comparison with the estimate obtained without imputation. CONCLUSION: The data indicate substantially elevated rates of schizophrenia among African Americans in comparison with whites in this birth cohort. The association may have been partly but not wholly mediated by an effect of race on family SES. (+info)
Kellogg Scholars in Health Disparities at the Center for Social Disparities in Health, UCSF | Global Research Projects
The Kellogg Health Scholars Program develops new leadership in the effort to reduce and eliminate health disparities and to secure equal access to the conditions and services essential for achieving healthy communities.The Program consists of two tracks and offers two-year postdoctoral fellowships at eight training sites. The Center on Social Disparities in Health provides a nexus for collaborations among distinguished researchers with expertise in multiple disciplines relevant to social disparities in health. Center faculty - including those based at UCSF as well as collaborating investigators at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Stanford University, the University of Texas at Austin, and other institutions - have demonstrated a long-standing commitment to studying and addressing social disparities in health.. Major themes of research at the Center on Social Disparities in Health include:. ...
Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research
The Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research program is a collaborative effort supported by the NIEHS, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that encourages basic, biological, clinical, epidemiological, behavioral, and/or social scientific investigations of disease conditions that are known to be a significant burden in low socioeconomic and health disparate populations. The Centers, funded through a P50 grant mechanism, support research efforts, mentoring, capacity building, research translation, and information dissemination, and are designed to address program-specific research priorities.. The boxes below show the primary areas of research of the five EHD Centers along with key questions they are addressing related to health disparities.. ...
Inequities are created when barriers prevent individuals and communities from accessing these conditions and reaching their full potential. Inequities differ from health disparities, which are differences in health status between people related to social or demographic factors such as race, gender, income or geographic region. Health disparities are one way we can measure our progress toward achieving health equity.. How do we achieve health equity? We value all people equally. We optimize the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, learn and age. We work with other sectors to address the factors that influence health, including employment, housing, education, health care, public safety and food access.1 We name racism as a force in determining how these social determinants are distributed.. As APHA Executive Director Georges Benjamin, MD, writes in this U.S. News & World Report piece, "Health equity is a goal we can achieve, and its within our power to do so. We have the tools ...
WHO | The Commission on Social Determinants of Health - what, why and how?
The Commission was a truly global process, bringing together hundreds of researchers and practitioners from universities and research institutions, government ministries, and international and civil society organizations.. Knowledge networks, including academics and practitioners from around the world, collected evidence on policies and interventions to improve health and reduce health inequities across a number of areas including: early child development, employment conditions, globalization, women and gender equity, urban settings, social exclusion, health systems, measurement, and priority public health conditions. The Commission built further evidence-gathering partnerships through two regional networks (the Nordic and Asian networks) and with researchers in additional key areas, such as ageing, indigenous peoples, food and nutrition, violence and conflict, and the environment. Partnerships with a number of countries committed to tackling health inequities were established. Brazil, Canada, ...
Health Care for All New York | Issue Brief: HCFANY Agenda to Address Health Disparities
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) provides a major opportunity for New York to address health disparities. In April 2012, Governor Cuomo created a Health Benefits Exchange which will offer affordable health coverage to individuals consumers and small businesses seeking to provide coverage for employees. Those whose incomes qualify will receive subsidies in the form of tax credits to use towards their monthly premiums.. ...
Yes, That Too: Multicultural Psychology Post on Health (care) Disparities
Chapter 8 discussed culture and health. Part of the chapter is on health (care) disparities. Health disparities are the different rates of being healthy or sick (or having specific conditions) between groups, while health care disparities are the differences in treatment and in access to treatment (Mio, Barker, & Tumambing 2012). These two disparities can not be reasonably separated, as receiving poor care (or no care) can lead people to try to deal with health problems on their own and mistrust doctors, which in turn rather definitively leads to not accessing health care. I know that past healthcare experiences have influenced my decisions to (not) seek care for illness or injury. After I had a doctor explain that my injury (which I had already said was a month prior) could not be a broken foot because for a broken foot to appear as it did on the MRI, the injury would need to be about a month old, my trust definitely decreased. It was, in fact, a broken foot. I suspect he couldnt believe a ...
Health Inequalities Interactive Tool: Influenza Immunization for Seniors | CIHI
Racialized People's Perceptions Of And Responses To Differential Health Care | Wellesley Institute
Despite Canadas generally high standard of living and a health care system that offers universal access to high quality care, there are major health disparities in our nation. These health disparities are most pronounced for vulnerable populations particularly new immigrants, refugees and Canadian born people from non-dominant ethno-racial communities who often, through the process of racialization, are treated in different and unequal in ways with regressive social, economic and political impacts (Galabuzi, 2001). Improving the health of such vulnerable populations requires moving beyond interventions focused on changing individual behaviours to approaches that address systemic issues that impact on their health, namely racism and racial discrimination.. Emerging research shows that the main determinants of health are neither medical nor behavioural but rather social and economic (Raphael, 2004). Despite evidence of the health impacts of structural inequalities, health determinants such as ...
Disparities in the Context of Opportunities for Cancer Prevention in Early Life
Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. Health disparities in cancer incidence and mortality may reflect differences in exposures to risk factors early in life. Understanding the distribution of exposures to early life risk and protective factors for cancer across different populations can shed light on opportunities to promo...
Prevalence and Framing of Health Disparities in Local Print News: Implications for Multilevel Interventions to Address Cancer...
Figure 1. Coding procedure for content analysis. aHealth disparities were defined as "differences in health status across population groups, whether defined by race or ethnicity, gender, social class, geographic location, or sexual orientation" (52, p. 101). Extensive coding guidelines elaborated on this definition. For example, differences in health status could include variations in the "incidence, prevalence, mortality, [or] burden of disease and other adverse health conditions" (originally defined by NIH working group on health disparities in 1999), as well as differences in disease prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship across population groups (cancer disparities are identified in NCIs cancer control continuum as a cross-cutting concern). In addition, the coding instrument described the injustice inherent in disparities [e.g., "differences which are unnecessary and unavoidable but, in addition, are also considered unfair and unjust," (53, p. 219)], as well as the ...
Disparities | Adolescent and School Health | CDC
Consideration of health inequalities in systematic reviews: a mapping review of guidance | Systematic Reviews | Full Text
Given that we know that interventions shown to be effective in improving the health of a population may actually widen the health inequalities gap while others reduce it, it is imperative that all systematic reviewers consider how the findings of their reviews may impact (reduce or increase) on the health inequality gap. This study reviewed existing guidance on incorporating considerations of health inequalities in systematic reviews in order to examine the extent to which they can help reviewers to incorporate such issues. A mapping review was undertaken to identify guidance documents that purported to inform reviewers on whether and how to incorporate considerations of health inequalities. Searches were undertaken in Medline, CINAHL and The Cochrane Library Methodology Register. Review guidance manuals prepared by international organisations engaged in undertaking systematic reviews, and their associated websites were scanned. Studies were included if they provided an overview or discussed the
The Norwegian policy to reduce health inequalities: Key challenges | Child care Canada
Abstract The Norwegian strategy for reducing health inequalities from 2007 has been recognised as one of the most ambitious and encompassing in Europe. By proposing action on the social determinants of health, such as income structure, employment opportunities and affordable child-care, the strategy was able to approach the entire social gradient rather than just the socially disadvantaged. In this article, we present the main features of the health equity strategy, and discuss possible obstacles to a successful implementation and a prolonged commitment to reducing health inequalities in Norway. We raise three major concerns: 1) a stubborn fundamental inequality structure, 2) a lack of focus on the gradient in the implementation of cross-sectoral reforms and 3) a possible re-orientation of policy away from redistribution and universalism.. ...
Understanding social disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control: The role of neighborhood...
PPT - Racism, Stress, and Health Inequity PowerPoint Presentation - ID:3356323
Race and Gender Disparities are Evident in COPD Underdiagnoses Across all Severities of Measured Airflow Obstruction<...
Recording Patients' Socio-Economic Status Is Necessary For Tackling Health In...( (Tackling health inequalities in p...)
Health,...... (Tackling health inequalities in primary care) ...By way of diminishing health problems through social inequalities gen...Diseases have both biological and societal causes and yet medical trea...,Recording,Patients,Socio-Economic,Status,Is,Necessary,For,Tackling,Health,Inequalities,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
What would it take to eradicate health inequalities? - PDF
UCSF Center for Health and Community - Populations and Health Problems
In June 2000, Eliseo Perez Stable, MD received $3.75 million from the National Cancer Institute for a five year program to study cancer among Latinos. According to NCI, Latinos die disproportionately of colon and breast cancer compared to groups having higher rates of those types of cancer and Latinas have one of the highest cervical cancer death rates. In October 2000, Paula Braveman, MD, MPH received funding for two years from the Centers for Disease Control to describe socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in maternal and infant health in California and 4-6 other states. The main goals of the project are to (1) describe disparities in low birth weight, unintended pregnancy, delayed prenatal care, and non-initiation/discontinuation of breast-feeding during the last decade; and (2) to recommend individual/household- and area-level measures of socio- economic status for ongoing, routine monitoring of social disparities in the selected indicators over time. In January 2001, Braveman was ...
Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions
The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities.. ...
Fredriksen-Goldsen, Karen | Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology
Dr. Fredriksen-Goldsens primary area of scholarship focuses on the intersection of health disparities, aging and care giving in marginalized communities. Currently, as the Principal Investigator of the National Health, Aging and Sexuality Study: Caring and Aging with Pride over Time (R01), she is leading the first national longitudinal study on health disparities of LGBT midlife and older adults and their caregivers.. ...
Global inequality recalculated: The effect of new 2005 PPP estimates on global inequality
Downloadable! The results of new direct price level comparisons across 146 countries in 2005 have led to large revisions of PPP (purchasing power parity) exchanges rates, particularly for China and India. The recalculation of international and global inequalities, using the new PPPs, shows that inequalities are substantially higher than previously thought. Inequality between global citizens is estimated at 70 Gini points rather than 65 as before. The richest decile receives 57 percent of global income rather than 50 percent.
Health Equity Assessment Toolkit (HEAT): software for exploring and comparing health inequalities in countries | Springer for...
Home - Seattle Quality of Life Group - Measure and Improve Health Disparities in Children, Adolescents, Adults from...
Racial inequalities in health: What MNT's experts want you to know
Multi Cultural Medicine and Health Disparities: Essentials for Clinical Practice
Establishing a Cohort to Investigate Health Disparities: RESULTS
Solving Rational Inequalities Using Method of Intervals on eMathHelp
VERT2CON - vertices to constraints 1.0 for Matlab - VERT2CON - convert a set of points to the set of inequality constraints...
Differin Crema Precio Espaa | Differin | Generic Drugstore Online
Income-related inequalities in health and health services use in Israel | Israel Journal of Health Policy Research | Full Text
Income-related inequalities in health and in health services use pose a disturbing and challenging issue in health systems, which are based on social health insurance such as Israel. To explore income-related inequalities in health and in health services use in Israel in 2009-2010. We used the Central Bureau of Statistics file, which linked information on 7,175 households (24,595 persons) from the 2009 Health Survey and the 2010 Incomes Survey. Raw and adjusted concentration curves and indices were calculated for ten chronic conditions (adjusting for age), visits to physicians and hospitalizations (adjusting for health and location). There is no income-related inequality in asthma and in cancer. The income-related inequality in the remaining eight conditions is pro-poor, namely, they are more prevalent among poor households. The order of the level of inequality is (from the least unequally distributed): any condition, hypertension, heart diseases, diabetes, depression, respiratory diseases, digestive
RFA-MD-11-005: NIMHD Resource-Related Minority Health and Health Disparities Research (U24)
Siegel M, Allanson P (2015). Longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities: methods, challenges and applications. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research in press. Siegel M, Mielck A, Maier W (2015). Individual income, area deprivation, and health: Do income-related health inequalities vary by small area deprivation? Health Economics 24(11):1523-1530. F. Henschel, M. Redaelli, M. Siegel, S. Stock (2015). Correlation of Incident Potentially Inappropriate Medication Prescriptions and Hospitalization: An Analysis Based on the PRISCUS List. Drugs - Real World Outcomes 2(3):249-259. Röttger J, Blümel M, Engel S, Grenz-Farenholtz B, Fuchs S, Linder R, Verheyen F, Busse R (2015): Exploring Health System Responsiveness in Ambulatory Care and Disease Management and its Relation to Other Dimensions of Health System Performance (RAC) - Study Design and Methodology. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2015;4(7): 431-437. Klein G, Lickfett L, Schreieck J, Deneke T, Wieczorek M, for the ...
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Health and Health Care of Children | American Academy of Pediatrics
The scope of published literature on racial/ethnic disparities is broad. In addition, although racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality rates10 and dental care11 have been fairly well described, relatively little has been published on racial/ethnic disparities in children and adolescents. The terms that have been used to describe disparities also have been neither standardized nor consistent. As a consequence, the literature search was limited to only those studies that specifically examined racial/ethnic disparities for US children and adolescents, to ensure a focus on disparities and a body of literature in urgent need of a systematic review. Thus, articles on racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality and dental care were excluded, because disparities in these domains have comparatively been more well described, and articles on pediatric workforce diversity, an area that was addressed in a recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement,12 also ...
NOT-OD-12-126: Extramural Loan Repayment Program for Health Disparities Research (LRP-HDR)
Revitalising the Health Equity Agenda, ESRC Seminar Series - Durham University
Inequalities in health are the focus of considerable research and debate in social sciences. Recent evidence demonstrates inequalities are widening and governments, local authorities, user groups and the public are grappling with evidence and options for action. The aim of this series is to address the need for renewed action and to revitalise policy, practice, and academic work on inequalities in health.. The report of the World Health Organizations Commission on Social Determinants of Health (2008) offered arguments for (i) an explicitly normative commitment to advancing health equity; (ii) a focus on the influence of macro-scale economic and social processes and policy choices on socially patterned differences; and (iii) advancing health equity through policies and interventions outside the health sector. Thus whilst data on inequalities are plentiful and social science offers a number of explanations, in these years of economic recession and austerity policies action appears to be ...
USF Office of Graduate Studies
Other Course Information A. Objectives 1) To identify and describe the distribution of health disparities and their contributing factors across population groups and disease outcomes. 2) To describe key multi level factors that are mechanisms by which health care disparities occur. 3) Examine the strengths and weaknesses of current health disparities research, and identify the challenges in the measurement of health disparities and the successful completion of health disparities research. 4) Understand the role of social factors such as cultural competence in health promotion, and disease prevention 5) To be able to describe and critique current and proposed medical care, social, environmental, and public health strategies to address health disparities. 6) To identify innovative strategies (including cultural competency training, increased diversity in the workforce, and development of culturally appropriate interventions) that may contribute substantively toward the elimination of health ...
Communication About Health Disparities in the M...
AbstractA variety of scholars have explored the role of communication in reducing, maintaining, and even widening health disparities, but comparatively less attention has focused on the content and effects of communication about health disparities in the mass media. This article aims to summarize the current state of knowledge about these issues by identifying key outcomes and audiences for mass-mediated communication about health disparities, describing what is known about public opinion about health disparities, reviewing selected research on the content and effects of mass-mediated communication about health disparities, and identifying priorities for future research to better understand the role of communication in shaping public support and collective action to reduce health disparities. | Health promotion. Social marketing
Health Inequalities Interactive Tool: COPD Hospitalization | CIHI
Racial Disparities in Health: The Roles of Stress, Social Relations and the Cardiovascular System | Survey Research Center
Hypertension is the number one cause of racial group disparities in mortality in the U.S. Thus, understanding the mechanisms by which race is linked with the cardiovascular system is key. African Americans (AA) are exposed to more stress across the lifespan and lifetime adversity is associated with cardiovascular disease (CHD) and hypertension. However, mechanisms accounting for the links between long-term stress exposure, hypertension and CHD remain unclear. Cardiovascular reactivity is hypothesized to be a major contender as it predicts increased risk of cardiac events and mortality, especially among people with hypertension. According to existing theories of racial health disparities, stress, and social relations, racial health disparities are due to variations in long-term exposure to stress and stress reactivity (biological, psychological, behavioral) and those race differences are moderated by social relations and age. In response to the FOA Aging Research on Stress and Resilience to ...
Free Online Training on Social Determinants of Health
PharmNest.com - Social Determinants of Health
The ideation of poverty and its relationship to health inequalities and inequities is in part a valid assessment but, poverty is not necessarily the underlying primary precursors of health inequalities and inequities in a society. Population-focused determinants of societal health are more complicated than a mere function of poverty (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2012). The ramification between societal-health comprises of multifactorial variables or risk factors (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2012). Income inequality and social disparity are factors attributable to health inequalities in population health (Wilkinson, & Pickett, 2010). Interestingly, income inequality does not necessarily equate to the differences in the national income per person. Its modality in part, refers to income gap within a societal class, social structures and socio-economic status, etc. (Wilkinson, & Pickett, 2010). Hence, to assess the impacts of income inequality and social disparity on health inequalities within a target ...
Acting on Social Determinants of Health Twitter Chat | Ontario Health Promotion E-Bulletin
September 24, 2013 3:00-4:00 p.m. EDT. Join us for #HealthPromoChat (http://en.healthnexus.ca/health_promo_chat), hosted by Health Promotion Ontario (HPO) conference coordinator Tanya Beattie.. In anticipation of the Septembera 26th HPO conference, Think Big and Lets Get Going: Applying SDOH, well be talking about a SDOH continuum of activities that move upstream. Share your current work and challenges in education and awareness, programs, initiatives, resources, policies and inter-sectoral action. Lets keep the conversation, and action, going!. Questions to explore:. ...
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Significant recognition of health and health care disparities began over a decade ago with several landmark reports and the first major legislation focused on reduction of disparities. The release of two Surgeon Generals reports in the early 2000s showed disparities in tobacco use and access to mental health services by race and ethnicity.24,25 The first major legislation focused on reduction of disparities, the Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education Act of 2000,26 created the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities, and authorized the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to regularly measure progress on reduction of disparities. Soon after, the Institute of Medicine released two seminal reports documenting racial and ethnic disparities in access to and quality of care.27,28. The ACA advanced efforts to improve health and health care and reduce disparities.29 The ACAs broad coverage expansions and increased funding for community health ...
WHO | Priorities for research to take forward the health equity policy agenda
Despite impressive improvements in aggregate indicators of health globally over the past few decades, health inequities between and within countries have persisted, and in many regions and countries are widening. Our recommendations regarding research priorities for health equity are based on an assessment of what information is required to gain an understanding of how to make substantial reductions in health inequities. We recommend that highest priority be given to research in five general areas: (1) global factors and processes that affect health equity and/or constrain what countries can do to address health inequities within their own borders; (2) societal and political structures and relationships that differentially affect peoples chances of being healthy within a given society; (3) interrelationships between factors at the individual level and within the social context that increase or decrease the likelihood of achieving and maintaining good health; (4) characteristics of the health ...
4.8 Million Awarded to Pitts Center for Minority Health to Fund Health Disparities Research
Proactive Community Services (PCS) evidence-based HIV/STI prevention program provides access to comprehensive services for high-risk, hard to reach individuals.. Our services include outreach, testing, counseling, linkages to primary and secondary care, condom distribution, and educational and awareness activities designed to increase knowledge and skills of individuals while reducing the risk for becoming infected or infecting others with HIV or other sexually transmitted infections. Health disparities are still present within African American communities: African Americans are 8.6 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the Non-Hispanic White population and are living below poverty at a rate of 28.1 percent compared to 11.0 percent of non-Hispanic Whites according to the 2012 U.S Census bureau. ...
Increase in computed tomography in Australia driven mainly by practice change: A decomposition analysis
Background: Publicly funded computed tomography (CT) procedure descriptions in Australia often specify the body site, rather than indication for use. This study aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of demographic versus non-demographic factors in driving the increase in CT services in Australia. Methods: A decomposition analysis was conducted to assess the proportion of additional CT attributable to changing population structure, CT use on a per capita basis (CPC, a proxy for change in practice) and/or cost of CT. Aggregated Medicare usage and billing data were obtained for selected years between 1993/4 and 2012/3. Results: The number of billed CT scans rose from 33 per annum per 1000 of population in 1993/94 (total 572,925) to 112 per 1000 by 2012/13 (total 2,540,546). The respective cost to Medicare rose from $145.7 million to $790.7 million. Change in CPC was the most important factor accounting for changes in CT services (88%) and cost (65%) over the study period. Conclusions: While ...
Decomposition analysis of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in selected countries on Environmental XPRT
Disparities in US Healthcare System | Health and Fitness
Healthcare disparities pose a major challenge to the diverse 21st century America. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of healthcare disparities will rise over the next half century. These trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the healthcare system. Wide disparities exist among groups on the basis of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography. Healthcare disparities have occurred across different regional populations, economic cohorts, and racial/ethnic groups as well as between men and women. Education and income related disparities have also been seen. Social, cultural and economic factors are responsible for inequalities in the healthcare system.. The issue of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare have exploded onto the public stage. The causes of these disparities have been divided into health system factors and patient-provider factors. Health system factors include language and cultural ...
Collaborative Teaching and Learning: A Model for Building Capacity and Partnerships to Address NTDs
Education, training, and a broad understanding of the social, political, economic, and environmental factors underlying poor health and health disparities are key elements in dealing with neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). We have now completed 3 years of the Harvard-Brazil Collaborative Public Health Field Course, and we believe this model is effective in educating students and in building networks for future research, education, and policy. We developed an innovative course curriculum that is multidisciplinary and multi-institutional and aims to prepare students, faculty, and researchers to find new approaches to reducing the burden of NTDs. Four of the five disease examples covered in the course are NTDs: dengue, leishmaniasis, leptospirosis, and schistosomiasis (the fifth is HIV/AIDS).. Based on interactions with students in the classroom, we concluded that there was a need for students to spend time in settings where these diseases persist to better understand that interventions must draw ...
Health disparities grantee assistance contact | Department of Public Health and Environment
The Contribution of Health Care and Other Interventions to Black-White Disparities in Life Expectancy, 1980-2007
Abstract Black-white mortality disparities remain sizable in the United States. In this study, we use the concept of avoidable/amenable mortality to estimate cause-of-death contributions to the difference in life expectancy between whites and blacks by gender in the United States in 1980, 1993, and 2007.
Study demonstrates mortality disparity among colorectal cancer patients - ONA
Health disparities: What are they? | Urban Views Weekly: Richmond's Contemporary Lifestyle Newspaper
Its not uncommon, viagra sale especially during Black History Month, no rx to hear discussion of disparities in medicine and health care, particularly as they pertain to African Americans. Its easy to read the U.S. Centers for Disease Controls Health Disparities & Inequalities Report and know that a disparity exists, but what does that really mean?. From the CDCs website, here are examples of health disparities:. ...
Widespread poverty and inequality are the engines of international immigration
Tubbs Jones Addresses Health Disparities Issue Duri... ( WASHINGTON June 10 -- Today Cong...)
Health,... ...WASHINGTON June 10 -- Today CongresswomanSt... Mr. Chairman I am appreciative of the opportunity to address theimp... This is an issue of great importance not just to my district but to...,Tubbs,Jones,Addresses,Health,Disparities,Issue,During,Hearing,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Saúde Pública - Research plan to reduce health disparities in the United States of America Research plan to reduce health...
Temas de actualidad / Current topics Research plan to reduce health disparities in the United States of America1 Key words: Equity, research, ethnic groups, United States of America. The health of persons living in the United States of America has generally improved in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are still noticeable differences between the burdens of illness and death experienced by the majority of the countrys population and by such minorities as African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Asians, and Pacific Islanders. These minority groups suffer from a shorter life expectancy, as well as higher rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, infant mortality, birth defects, asthma, diabetes, stroke, sexually transmitted diseases, and mental illness (see box, "The scope of health disparities in the United States"). Racial and ethnic minorities now make up some 28% of the population in the United States, but that figure is expected to be almost 40% in 2030. Various ...
This report is a summary of three regional Health Equity Roundtables (June 2014) that convened stakeholders, thought-leaders, and experts in the fields of health equity, tobacco control, public health and chronic disease to provide input on tangible, innovative, and promising practices for implementing the Advancing Health Equity in Tobacco Control strategies in California ...
New CDC Report: Social Determinants of Health Among Adults Diagnosed With HIV - TheBodyPRO.com
Socioeconomic Disparities in Quit Intentions, Quit Attempts, and Smoking Abstinence Among Smokers in Four Western Countries:...
Persistent socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors in England over 1994-2008: A time-trend analysis of...
A total of 56 tests of change in inequalities over time are shown in Tables 2 and 3 for men and women respectively. Results for change in absolute inequalities are shown by Models 3a; change in relative inequalities by Models 3b.. Four tests - the prevalence of raised cholesterol in young men and women - showed no change over time, i.e. no association with IMD. No change in inequalities occurred in 38 tests; statistically significant changes were found in 14. Five tests showed increasing absolute inequalities in obesity in older men and women, diabetes in young men and older women, and physical activity in older women. Three tests showed increasing relative inequalities in obesity in young women and in smoking and healthy eating in older men. Both absolute and relative inequality increased in high blood pressure in young women. Four tests for the prevalence of raised cholesterol showed widening absolute and relative inverse gradients from 1998 onwards in older men and women.. Obesity trends in ...
Health Inequality | www.fivecolleges.edu
The fact that people of African descent, many Latino populations and indigenous people are sicker and die younger is well-established. The typical explanations rely on diet and other lifestyle factors like smoking. In the last decade there has even been a renewed emphasis on possible genetic factors that might be implicated in these long-standing health inequalities. This course will consider these explanations against those that focus on the "social determinants." The central insight to emerge from the field of social epidemiology is that social status is the strongest predictor of health, determining access to the resources (material and psychological) that are protective of health. Social status ultimately reflects political equality/inequality. This will be a recurring theme in the course. This seminar will explore the following questions: What is the evidence of racial, ethnic and class health inequalities in the United States? What explains the rise in medical research that searches for a ...
Inequality in quality: addressing socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic disparities in health care
Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health care quality have been extensively documented. Recently, the elimination of disparities in health care has become the focus of a national initiative. Yet, there is little effort to monitor and address disparities in health care through organizati …
Pharmacy Practice Archives - MIE Resources
This infographic illustrates multiple potential pathways leading from race and ethnicity to disparities in health outcomes, mechanisms of health disparities. Chapter 4 of "What Pharmacists Need to Know About Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities" explores mechanisms and explanations and provides students with tools for understanding this complex topic.. The visual can provoke thought, raise questions, and educate, all at the same time. The infographic suggests pathways, but doesnt cover them all. The student can take this infographic, generate hypotheses, and explore relationships.. For example, a student might begin with the association between race and ethnicity and socio-economic status, and then follow the pathways leading through occupation, income, education or neighborhood, which then lead through variables such environmental exposures, ability to understand health information or health insurance coverage, and then to health outcomes.. Another set of pathways might begin with the ...
Fréchet inequalities - Wikipedia
In probabilistic logic, the Fréchet inequalities, also known as the Boole-Fréchet inequalities, are rules implicit in the work of George Boole and explicitly derived by Maurice Fréchet that govern the combination of probabilities about logical propositions or events logically linked together in conjunctions (AND operations) or disjunctions (OR operations) as in Boolean expressions or fault or event trees common in risk assessments, engineering design and artificial intelligence. These inequalities can be considered rules about how to bound calculations involving probabilities without assuming independence or, indeed, without making any dependence assumptions whatsoever. The Fréchet inequalities are closely related to the Boole-Bonferroni-Fréchet inequalities, and to Fréchet bounds. If Ai are logical propositions or events, the Fréchet inequalities are Probability of a logical conjunction (&) max(0, P(A1) + P(A2) + ... + P(An) − (n − 1)) ≤ P(A1 & A2 & ... & An) ≤ min(P(A1), P(A2), ...
Roundtable on Health Disparities - The Commonwealth Fund
The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for societys most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. ...
Beyond Health Care: The Role of Social Determinants in Promoting Health and Health Equity | KFF
Research demonstrates that improving population health and achieving health equity will require broad approaches that address social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health. This brief provides an overview of the broad factors that influence health and describes efforts to address them, including initiatives within Medicaid.
Notice. DISCRIMINATION, EMOTION, AND HEALTH INEQUITIES - Les ateliers de l'éthique / The Ethics Forum - Érudit
The Reversal of Fortunes: Trends in County Mortality and Cross-County Mortality Disparities in the United States
Ethnic disparities in Medica...( Estimates of ethnic disparities across...)
Health,...Estimates of ethnic disparities across a variety of preventive screeni...Kevin Fiscella and colleagues from the University of Rochester School ...The results of Fiscella et al.s study show that with the exception o...,Ethnic,disparities,in,Medicare,claims?,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
'A no-win situation' - Expert weighs in on COVID-19 racial disparities | Health Worlds...
MNT: Could you highlight some of the race-related inequities in health that the COVID-19 crisis has brought to light? Are there any inequalities that are specific to COVID-19 in terms of access to resources, testing, treatment options, and so on? Those of us who work in the health disparities space are saddened but not surprised at the race-based disparities that the COVID-19 crisis has brought to light. These disparities have always been there, and we have been talking about them for years. However, these inequalities cannot be ignored against the backdrop of a pandemic. The first thing to point out is that the racialized class and occupational structures of the U.S. are to blame for the fact that many people of color (POC) are far more likely to be exposed to COVID-19.. Due to institutional discrimination (both historical and present day), black and other people of color are more likely to end up in occupations that leave them simultaneously at higher risk of exposure and with a relative lack ...
Health Disparities and Community Involvement Monday, August 4, 2014
PUB - Publikationen an der Universität Bielefeld
Gewalt SC, Berger S, Szecsenyi J, Bozorgmehr K. "If you can, change this system". Pregnant asylum seekers perceptions on social determinants and material circumstances affecting their health whilst living in state-provided accommodation in Germany - a prospective, qualitative case study. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1): 287 ...
British Library EThOS: Are there intervention-generated inequalities in type 2 diabetes care? : a systematic review and...
This thesis aimed to contribute to current understanding of intervention-generated inequalities, that is, the concern that processes in the planning or delivery of an intervention may create or exacerbate the health differences between population groups. This was done by examining the impact of secondary and tertiary preventive interventions for type 2 diabetes by socio-economic status (SES). Previous research has shown that the condition places a disproportionate burden on individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. It addition, managing the condition involves a range of health care; all potentially exacerbating existing health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted and secondary data analyses of patient data collected by a hospital diabetes register. The Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004 was used as an indicator of patients SES. Multilevel models were fitted using repeated measurements, with patients nested within general practices. Interaction effects were used to determine ...
Disparities in Public Service Provision in Niger: Cross-Department Evidence on Primary Schools and Healthcare | Ethiopian...
In Developing Countries, Provision Of Public Services Continues To Fall Short Of Demand. Under Severe Infrastructure Backlogs, Marginal Benefit Theory Envisages That Measures Aimed At Maximising Average Access Rates Can Have Contradictory Impacts In The Medium Term: Depending On Sector Characteristics And Infrastructure Needs, Geographical Disparities May Decline In Some Sectors, And Persist Or Widen In Others. Relative To Expected Outcomes, Tobit Models With/Without Eligibility and Spatial Effects Suggest Mixed Evidence for Access to Primary Schools and Healthcare across Districts (Departments) In Niger. With Strict Eligibility Thresholds, These Effects Are More Relevant For Healthcare. Once Local Population Is Accounted For, Sahelian And Sahelo-Sudanian Districts Lag Systematically Behind Others In School Access Improvements. In Both Sectors, Hardly Any Additional Gains Appear To Accrue To Worse-Off Districts, Relative To Targeted Districts Randomly Chosen. This Implies No Selectivity Bias In ...
Precision Medicine has the potential to improve clinical outcomes and minimize risk and adverse effects of treatments and medication. During President Obamas State of the Union address in 2015, he highlighted the promise of precision medicine and announced the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI). Part of the PMI is the creation of the Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort. This program aims to recruit at least one million Americans to contribute their data over the span of many years to improve health outcomes, understand the impact of new treatments, and accelerate a new era of data-drive and precise preventive care and treatment. Precision medicine could address multiple issues we face, including cancer treatment and address health disparities in health disparity populations. However, little is known about health disparities populations knowledge level of precision medicine. A pilot study was conducted to investigate whether self-identified Blacks/African-Americans could define the following ...
Social Factors Not Genetics Drive Racial Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Survival
New UNC Center for Diabetes seeks to reduce health disparities - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
CHAPEL HILL, N.C. - The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has received a $3 million, five-year grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to establish the UNC Center for Diabetes Translation Research to Reduce Health Disparities (CDTR).. Its mission is to reduce diabetes-related disparities among poor and underserved populations by providing resources and support to foster translational research in North Carolina and beyond. The centers research will examine and compare different techniques for bringing effective preventive and therapeutic interventions into practice.. Currently, one in nine adults in the U.S. (about 264 million) has Type 2 diabetes. If trends continue, projections suggest that one in three people may have the condition by 2050. Diabetes-related annual costs are currently $174 billion and may increase to $336 billion by 2034. Poor, minority and rural populations with limited access to health care suffer disproportionately. ...
Eating culture of the Navajo Nation
O'Connell, Joan; Manson, Spero; Yi, Rong; Acton, Kelly; Wilson, Charlton (2010). "Racial Disparities in Health Status" (PDF). ... "Changing Patterns in Health Behaviors and Risk Factors Related to Cardiovascular Disease Among American Indians and Alaska ... Studies have also shown diabetes to be a major health problem in the Navajo Nation; a 1997 study released by the American ... A 2014 collaborative study released by the American Journal of Health, however, conducted a study in the Navajo Nation using a ...
HIV/AIDS in Kenya
63% of men and 80% of women know their HIV status. The Kenyan Ministry of Health published a report on June 2014 called Kenya ... Additionally, there are geographical disparities in the distribution of key populations across the Counties. AIDS pandemic HIV/ ... The HIV epidemic in Kenya exhibits extreme geographical and gender disparities. National estimates and modelling indicate that ...
Other reviews have found not enough evidence to determine if water fluoridation reduces oral-health social disparities. Health ... The impact of socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity on dental health. Sociol Perspect. 2007;50(1):7-25. doi:10.1525/sop. ... World Health Organization global policy for improvement of oral health-World Health Assembly 2007. Int Dent J. 2008;58(3):115- ... Disparities in early childhood caries. BMC Oral Health. 2006;6(Suppl 1):S3. doi:10.1186/1472-6831-6-S1-S3. PMID 16934120. PMC ...
Air pollution in the United States
These health effects are not equally distributed in terms of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, education, and more in the ... "Disparities in the Impact of Air Pollution". American Lung Association. Retrieved 2017-04-24. "Wealth inequality has widened ... Socioeconomic Status (SES) is an individual's or group's sociological and economic status in society. Low socioeconomic status ... Environmental Health Education The education status here does not merely refer to the educational background or the highest ...
Technical aspects of urban planning
"Urbanization, urban poverty and health of the urban poor: status, challenges and the way forward." Demography India 36.1 (2007 ... Within urban environments, there are a number of disparities with regards to access to these services. For example, as of 2006 ... Economic status is highly correlated to water and sanitation service access in urban environments. But economic status is often ... "Social Determinants of Children's Health in Urban Areas in India." Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 20.4A ( ...
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
They named 10 determinants of health, listing socio-economic status as the most influential. The government adopted the term ... fellows published several papers in 1994 that argued policies driven by population health could address health disparities. ... "Public health reform and health promotion in Canada." Global Health Promotion, vol. 21, no. 2 15-22 (June, 2014). First World ... population health and renamed a branch of the Public Health Agency of Canada "Population and Public Health." In April 2012, the ...
Barbara, Koening A. The Meanings of Race in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research. Yale University. ... 3 116-119 Cartmill, M. (1999). The Status of the Race Concept in Physical Anthropology. American Anthropologist 100(3)651 -660 ... Peter J. Aspinall of the Centre for Health Services Studies, University of Kent, recommends privileging the term "South Asian" ... Journal of Public Health. 2003. October 26, 2006. Jpubhealth.oxfordjournals.org National Statistics. Ethnicity. 2005. August 27 ...
Diabetes in Aboriginal Australians
Thus, improvements in the socioeconomic status and the decrease in disparity and health inequality are detrimental if the ... Health issues affecting Aboriginal Australians, including the incidence of type 2 diabetes, are often likened to disparities in ... has led to disparity and inequity of health between Aboriginals and non-Aboriginals. The history of Aboriginal Australians is ... this has seen a rapid decline in their health status. Forced to assimilate into a white, European Society, Aboriginals ...
Poor oral health can affect diet, nutrition, sleep, psychological status, social interaction, school, and work. According to ... In fact, maternal mortality rates reflect disparities between wealthy and poor countries more than any other measure of health ... Child development Maternal Health Task Force Global health Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health Health care ... Maternal health is the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. It encompasses the health care ...
Thirty-fourth World Health Assembly, Agenda item 23.2. World Health Organization. World Health Organization(Organisation ... Socioeconomic status. Race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status affect choice and duration in the United States. A 2011 ... There are also racial disparities in access to maternity care practices that support breastfeeding. In the US, primarily ... World Health Organization. (2003). Global strategy for infant and young child feeding (PDF). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health ...
Goldberg, J., Hayes, W., and Huntley, J. "Understanding Health Disparities." Archived 2008-05-15 at the Wayback Machine. Health ... Total public spending is also strongly correlated with self-reported health status ($13,770 for those reporting "poor" health ... "Black-white disparities in health care". JAMA. 263 (17): 2344-6. May 1990. doi:10.1001/jama.263.17.2344. PMID 2182918. Darrell ... In some cases, these inequalities are caused by income disparities that result in lack of health insurance and other barriers ...
Health in Australia
Despite the overall good status of health, the disparities occurring in the Australian healthcare system are a problem. The ... According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, "The health status of a country incorporates a number of different ... Australia is a high income country, and this is reflected in the good status of health of the population overall. In 2011, ... Australia's Health 2014. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; 2014. p. 578 Smoking - A Leading Cause of Death ...
Incarceration and health
In the United States, the negative health effects of incarceration contribute to racial disparities in health between white and ... even after controlling for socioeconomic status and race. The incarceration of juveniles often results in adverse mental health ... mental health, but some positive effects on their physical health. ... Freudenberg, Nicholas (2002-12-01). "Adverse Effects of US Jail and Prison Policies on the Health and Well-Being of Women of ...
UCSD Moores Cancer Center
"About the Cancer Center - Moores Cancer Center at UC San Diego Health". UC Health - UC San Diego. Retrieved 7 November 2017. ... It earned comprehensive status in 2001. There are approximately 360 faculty members affiliated with the center. A five-story ... Reducing Cancer Disparities; and Tumor Growth, Invasion, and Metastasis. Roger Tsien Thomas Kipps, discoverer of ROR1, and ... part of UC San Diego Health and affiliated with the University of California San Diego. It is one of 69 universities and ...
Carolyn M. Mazure
She created and directs Women's Health Research at Yale - Yale's interdisciplinary research center on health and gender. Her ... Stability of smoking status in the US population: a longitudinal investigation. Addiction, 109(9):1541-1553, 2014. Smith PH, ... Understanding disparities in subpopulations of women who smoke. Current Addiction Reports, 1; 1(1):69-74, 2014. Weinberger AH, ... Recently, she was asked to join the Advisory Committee for the NIH Office for Research on Women's Health. She has been an ...
Matthew H. Liang
... socioeconomic status and the characteristics associated with it that could be modified in populations with health disparities. ... They discovered that self-confidence in self-management and self-monitoring was linked to poorer health status, and then ... Professor of Health Policy and Management at Harvard School of Public Health, and the Director of Special Projects of the ... he studied tropical public health and epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health, earning a MPH in 1972. Afterwards, ...
Health status of Asian Americans
Thus, to classify and generalize health disparities to such a heterogeneous group may not be beneficial; however, a few health ... In general, ethnic groups have their own health disparities. Vietnamese and Filipino Americans tend to have poorer health ... The Asian American/Pacific Islander Population-Health Status (PDF). Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. ... Asian American health disparities have only gained focus in the past 10 years, with policy initiatives geared towards promoting ...
Rak pluća - Википедија, слободна енциклопедија
... insurance status and disparities in lung cancer practices and outcomes". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care ... US Department of Health Education and Welfare (1964). „Smoking and health: report of the advisory committee to the Surgeon ... National Health and Medical Research Council (април 1994). „The health effects and regulation of passive smoking". Australian ... "PDQ for Health Professionals. National Cancer Institute. Приступљено 22. 11. 2008.. *^ „Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment". PDQ ...
Modern social statistics of Native Americans
... therefore it is a challenging health concern. Other health behaviors that contribute to the current health status include the ... There are known health disparities between the Native American population and the rest of the United States. Reasons for these ... Department of Health and Human Services called the Indian Health Service. The IHS serves to provide health care services and ... Health standards for Native Americans have notable disparities from that of all United States racial and ethnic groups. They ...
Race and health
Health disparities refer to gaps in the quality of health and health care across racial and ethnic groups. The US Health ... Race and health refers to the relationship between individual health and one's race and ethnicity. Differences in health status ... Race and health in the United States Center for Minority Health, US. Environmental racism General: Health disparities ... Williams DR, Lavizzo-Mourey R, Warren RC (1994). "The concept of race and health status in America". Public Health Reports. 109 ...
... "the timely use of personal health services to achieve the best health outcomes". Health disparities, which are largely caused ... After adjustment for health status, people with higher incomes are shown to have higher expenditures, indicating that the ... Though women tend to live longer than men, they tend to report poorer health status, more disabilities as they age, and tend to ... An individual's environment greatly impacts his or her health status. For example, three of the five largest landfills in the ...
Immigrant health care in the United States
"Health Status and Health Service Access and Use Among Children in U.S. Immigrant Families". American Journal of Public Health. ... which can be a great help when it comes to facing health issues. Disparities in health care coverage between immigrants and ... education status, health insurance status, and health literacy. Among many immigrant groups, Latino communities tend to undergo ... Additionally, citizenship status is significant in determining one's health care access, especially that of children. Health ...
Race and health in the United States
... male incarceration and mortality Health status of Asian Americans National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities ... However, other dimensions of inequality than those reflected by socioeconomic status also affect racial disparities in health, ... Although African-American health status and outcome is slowly improving, black health has generally stagnated or deteriorated ... Research on race and health in the United States shows many health disparities between the different racial/ethnic groups. The ...
Individuals who do not have the resources for health behaviour change are often those who already have negative health status. ... A concern has also been raised that fear appeals serve to contribute to the widening of health disparities. This is because ... A fear argument based on the health belief model is typically presented in terms of the likelihood and severity of health ... These models are widely used in substance abuse campaigns, sexual health programs, and many other general health contexts. The ...
... occupational health and safety standards, complaint procedures, rules governing status of employees including promotions, just ... "A 2011 study drew a link between the decline in union membership since 1973 and expanding wage disparity. Those trends have ... This lack of status can range from non-recognition of a union to political or criminal prosecution of union activists and ... A union may acquire the status of a "juristic person" (an artificial legal entity), with a mandate to negotiate with employers ...
Thus, in order to break down the racial disparities these schools were intended to dismantle, magnet school programs have to be ... DeBakey High School for Health Professions in Houston, Texas is a magnet school specializing in medical sciences ... The Missouri Board of Education voted unanimously to withdraw the district's educational accreditation status from January 1, ...
Women's education in the United States
Eron, Carol (1979). "Women in Medicine and Health Care". In O'Neill, Lois Decker. The Women's Book of World Records and ... Historians accept Moravian as the oldest-though not continuously operational because of its current co-ed status-specifically ... Girls only needed to read (especially religious materials). This educational disparity between reading and writing explains why ... "homemaking to the status of a respectable--though definitely female--occupation." Social work, child development, and ...
Fair Sentencing Act
The U.S. Sentencing Commission first called for reform of the 100:1 sentencing disparity in 1994 after a year-long study on the ... Bill Summary & Status - 111th Congress (2009-2010) - S.1789 - CRS Summary, thomas.loc.gov, accessed October 10, 2010. ... public health data has found that two-thirds of crack users are white or Hispanic. Third, the Act does not reduce sentences for ... The law also contained minimum sentences and other disparities between the two forms of the drug. In the three decades prior to ...
Hilliard JW, Johnson ME (2004). "State practice acts of licensed health professions: scope of practice". DePaul J Health Care ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b c d Haynes MJ, Vincent K, Fischhoff C, Bremner AP, Lanlo O, Hankey GJ ... there seems to be a disparity between some schools and available evidence regarding the aspect of radiography for patients with ... Mainstream health care and governmental organizations such as the World Health Organization consider chiropractic to be ...
Demographics of Brazil
Education and health. Main articles: Education in Brazil and Health care in Brazil ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b Japan Bank for International Cooperation report, November 2005, " ... Schooling among women 25-29 years has shown an even greater disparity. Among the less educated, 16.3% had no children, while ... and also public health institutions personnel and health students. The study showed that Brazilians from different regions are ...
Powell, M.L. Status and Health in Prehistory: A Case Study of the Moundville Chiefdom. Washington, DC: Smithson Inst., 1988. ... and that this disparity increases as societies become more unequal. Some status differences in society do not necessarily mean ... Dental hypoplasias provide an indicator of health status during the time in childhood when the enamel of the tooth crown is ... Higher rates of cribia orbitalia among females may indicate lesser health status, or greater survival of young females with ...
1.2 Health effects of nuclear testing. *1.3 Current status of U.S. nuclear testing ... Further evidence of sex-based disparities in radiation-induced cancers was published in the 2006 report by the National ... Overview of Hanford and Radiation Health Effects - Hanford Health Information Network - WA State Dept. of Health Archived ... Health effects of nuclear testing. The earliest concerns raised about the health effects of exposure to nuclear fallout ...
"Exploring the Intersection of Mental Health and Release Status with Recidivism" (PDF), Justice Quarterly, 31: 746-766, doi: ... Hartney, C. and Vuong, L. "Created Equal: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the US Criminal Justice System" (2009). ... "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08.. ... "Evid Based Mental Health. 12 (2): 33-36. doi:10.1136/ebmh.12.2.33. Archived from the original on 2014-05-27.. ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ Johnson, S., 2004. An empirical examination of union density in six ... "A 2011 study drew a link between the decline in union membership since 1973 and expanding wage disparity. Those trends have ... health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a ... This lack of status can range from non-recognition of a union to political or criminal prosecution of union activists and ...
Committee on Lesbian Health Research Priorities; Neuroscience and Behavioral Health Program; Health Sciences Policy Program, ... As equality was a priority for lesbian-feminists, disparity of roles between men and women or butch and femme were viewed as ... and used their outlaw status to form social circles in Paris and Berlin. Lesbian began to describe elements of a subculture.[18 ... Neuroscience and Behavioral Health Program [and] Health Sciences Policy Program, Health Sciences Section, Institute of Medicine ...
로라제팜 - 위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전
... www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/drugs-linked-to-brain-damage-30-years-ago-2127504.html ... RONI CARYN RABIN, "Disparities: Study Finds Risk in Off-Label Prescribing" ... Sorel L; Mechler L; Harmant J. (1981). "Comparative trial of intravenous lorazepam and clonazepam im status epilepticus". 》Clin ... Evidence-Based Mental Health》 8 (1): 7. doi:10.1136/ebmh.8.1.7. PMID 15671498.. ...
Abortion in the United States
"Disparities in Abortion Rates: A Public Health Approach". American Journal of Public Health. 103 (10): 1773. doi:10.2105/ajph. ... Current legal statusEdit. Federal legislationEdit. Since 1995, led by congressional Republicans, the U.S. House of ... Legal in case of danger to woman's health (2). Legal in case of danger to woman's health, rape or incest, or likely damaged ... "Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, a publication of the Guttmacher Institute: Digests. 36 (3): 133. doi:10.1111/j. ...
Health problems with the highest disparity (compared with the non-Indigenous population) in incidence are outlined in the ... The Tent Embassy was given heritage status in 1995, and celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2012, making it the longest, ... HealthEdit. Further information: Indigenous health in Australia. Indigenous Australians were twice as likely to report their ... In health services, Kelvin Kong became the first Indigenous surgeon in 2006 and is an advocate of Indigenous health issues.[251 ...
Public healthEdit. Further information: Sanitation § Health_aspects. The negative public health impacts of open defecation are ... Legal statusEdit. In certain jurisdictions, open or public defecation is a criminal offense which can be punished with a fine ... and large disparities between rich and poor.(p11) ... Wikipedia's health care articles can be viewed offline with the ... Research from India has shown that detrimental health impacts (particularly for early life health) are even more significant ...
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
The LCME cited curricular issues as a central feature that prompted the probationary status  ... MESA: Center for Health Disparities. *Nathan Shock Center of Excellence in the Basic Biology of Aging ... The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, d/b/a UT Health San Antonio is an institute of health science ... UT Health San Antonio is the largest health sciences university in South Texas. UT Health San Antonio serves San Antonio and ...
Social issues such as racial profiling, the racial disparity in sentencing, higher rates of poverty, lower ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Kim Pearson *^ "Root shock: The consequences of African American ... As a result, more health-conscious African Americans are using alternative methods of preparation, eschewing trans fats in ... "Racial Disparity in Sentencing: A Review of the Literature" (PDF). The Sentencing Project. Archived from the original (PDF) on ...
National Center for Health Statistics
National Health Interview SurveyEdit. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) provides information on the health status of ... disparities in the use and quality of care; and diffusion of health care technologies, including drugs, surgical procedures, ... NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health ... and health-related behaviors. National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyEdit. The National Health and Nutrition ...
"Two questions can reveal mobility problems in seniors - Harvard Health Blog - Harvard Health Publications". Health.harvard.edu ... In the Modern period, the "cultural status" of old people has declined in many cultures.:7 Joan Erikson observed that " ... In most parts of the world women live, on average, longer than men; even so, the disparities vary between 12 years in Russia to ... Audiometric results from the 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey". Health Reports. 26 (7): 18-25. PMID 26177043.. ...
Public health also takes various actions to limit the health disparities between different areas of the country and, in some ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). *^ "The Top 10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2013". Intrahealth.org. ... Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, and occupational health are also important areas of public health. ... Mental health. Main article: Mental health. The World Health Organization describes mental health as "a state of well-being in ...
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Resolving these problems can bring about improvement in an individual's mental health status and anxiety levels. ... However, disparities were found among the different types of recovery workers. The rate of probable PTSD for first ... "World Health Organization. Retrieved 15 November 2018.. *^ a b c d Brewin, Chris R.; Cloitre, Marylène; Hyland, Philip; Shevlin ... "Measuring trauma and health status in refugees: a critical review". JAMA. 288 (5): 611-21. doi:10.1001/jama.288.5.611. PMID ...
"Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2 (1): 34-42. doi:10.1007/s40615-014-0045-z. ISSN 2196-8837. PMID 26863239.. ... AFR/RC39/R1 and AFR/RC40/R9 attempted to improve the status of mental health care in specific African regions to combat its ... U.S. Public Health Service (1999). "Overview of Mental Health Services". Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. ... "What is Mental Health and Mental Illness? , Workplace Mental Health Promotion". Workplace Mental Health Promotion.. ...
Asma bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
a b Gold DR, Wright R (2005). "Population disparities in asthma". Annu Rev Public Health 26: 89-113. PMID 15760282. doi:10.1146 ... a b Shah, R; Saltoun, CA (2012 May-Jun). "Chapter 14: Acute severe asthma (status asthmaticus).". Allergy and asthma ... a b editors, Andrew Harver, Harry Kotses, (2010). Asthma, health and society a public health perspective. New York: Springer. ... "Environ Health Perspect 116 (7): 845-53. PMC 2453150. PMID 18629304. doi:10.1289/ehp.10846. Cite uses deprecated parameter , ...
Health. Main article: Gender disparities in health. Although in general men suffer from many of the same illnesses as women, ... Anthropology has shown that masculinity itself has social status, just like wealth, race and social class. In Western culture, ... This article is missing information about men's clothing, education, family lives, health, history, and work. Please expand the ... "World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014.. *. Halberstam, Judith (2004). "'Female masculinity' ...
... of an individual's health status. The unique status of genetic information and inherited disease has a number of ramifications ... Cooper RS, "Genetic factors in ethnic disparities in health," in Anderson NB, Bulatao RA, Cohen B, eds., Critical perspectives ... and health outcomes. Association studies can produce spurious results if cases and controls have differing allele frequencies ... to search for interactions between particular alleles and environmental factors that might influence health. ...
سرطان پروستات - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.11. ISBN 9283204298. *↑ ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ ۳٫۵ "Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ ... The UCSF Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment (CAPRA) score predicts both pathologic status and recurrence after surgery. It ... Disparities also extend into areas such as detection, with governments failing to fund or mandate prostate cancer screening ... World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.11. ISBN 9283204298.. *^ a b "SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Prostate Cancer". NCI. ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 April 2014 ... "Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2009: 1-5. doi:10.1155/2009/281876. PMC 2778824. PMID 19936128.. ... an intentional disparity that reflects the varying actual percentage. Until late 2010, fuel retailers were only authorized to ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ Reyes, J. W. (2007). "The Impact of Childhood Lead Exposure on Crime". ...
Gross domestic product
There is a clear pattern of the purchasing power parity method decreasing the disparity in GDP between high and low income (GDP ... These inequalities often occur on the lines of race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or other minority status within countries. ... The dimensions of the index included health, economic, workplace, income, jobs, housing, civic engagement, life satisfaction ... the evaluation framework included GDP per capita, Gini (income inequality), life satisfaction, health, freedom of life choices ...
ಇಂಟೆಲಿಜೆನ್ಸ್ ಕ್ವೋಷೆಂಟ್ - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
Main article: Health and intelligence. ಉನ್ನತಮಟ್ಟದ ಐಕ್ಯೂ ಇರುವ ವ್ಯಕ್ತಿಗಳು ಸಾಧಾರಣವಾಗಿ ಕಡಿಮೆ ವಯಸ್ಕ ಅನಾರೋಗ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಮರ್ತ್ಯತೆಯ ... Socioeconomic status modifies heritability of iq in young children Eric Turkheimer, Andreana Haley, Mary Waldron, Brian ... "Disparity of verbal and performance IQ following early bilateral brain damage". Cogn Behav Neurol. 18 (3): 163-170. doi ... "American Journal of Public Health, December 2006. Retrieved January 10, 2007.. Unknown parameter ,dateformat=. ignored (help) ...
What was the status of the former Confederate states? What was the citizenship status of the leaders of the Confederacy? What ... The distribution of wealth per capita in 1872, illustrating the disparity between North and South in that period ... though he resigned soon after due to poor health. ... Congress had to consider how to restore to full status and ... the civil status of the former leaders of the Confederacy, and the constitutional and legal status of freedmen, especially ...
Prevalence and Framing of Health Disparities in Local Print News: Implications for Multilevel Interventions to Address Cancer...
aHealth disparities were defined as "differences in health status across population groups, whether defined by race or ... CEBP Focus: Multilevel Approaches to Addressing Cancer Health Disparities Prevalence and Framing of Health Disparities in Local ... as well as the social determinants that underlie disparities [e.g., not only differences in health status, but also differences ... burden of disease and other adverse health conditions" (originally defined by NIH working group on health disparities in 1999 ...
Disparities in the Context of Opportunities for Cancer Prevention in Early Life
Health disparities in cancer incidence and mortality may reflect differences in exposures to risk factors early in life. ... Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. ... Disparities on the basis of racial and ethnic minority status, economic disadvantage, disability status, sex, geography, and ... Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. Health ...
Inequities differ from health disparities, which are differences in health status between people related to social or ... Climate Change, Health and Equity: A Guide for Local Health Departments. Health equity now: A state of play on public health ... "Closing the Gap on Health Disparities". Better Health Through Equity: Case Studies in Reframing Public Health Work (PDF) ... "Beyond Health Equity". *Beyond Health Care: The Role of Social Determinants in Promoting Health and Health Equity (Kaiser ...
PPT - Racism, Stress, and Health Inequity PowerPoint Presentation - ID:3356323
Racism, Stress, and Health Inequity. A Tale of Two Babies. Elijah. Joseph. The Cycle Begins. Pre-term Delivery. Low Birth ... Health Status by Hispanic Origin Fair or Poor Reported Health Status by Age Group and Race - ... What are Health Disparities?. "Differences that occur by gender, race or ethnicity, education or income, disability, ... Health Status by Race Fair or Poor Reported Health Status by Age Group and Race - ...
Consideration of health inequalities in systematic reviews: a mapping review of guidance | Systematic Reviews | Full Text
... on the health inequality gap. This study reviewed existing guidance on incorporating considerations of health inequalities in ... Definitions of health inequalities and guidance differed across the included studies. All but one guidance document were ... Guidance has been produced to inform considerations of health inequalities at different stages of the systematic review process ... the usefulness and burden of the guidance but also for the uptake of guidance and its ultimate goal of improving health ...
Yes, That Too: Multicultural Psychology Post on Health (care) Disparities
Interestingly, decreased utilization of healthcare by those of lower socioeconomic status holds even when they have health ... The topic was culture and health, and the chapter focused pretty heavily on health disparities and health care disparities. ... Chapter 8 discussed culture and health. Part of the chapter is on health (care) disparities. Health disparities are the ... In addition, research on health care disparities has often framed the problem as lying within cultural choices of the ...
Kellogg Scholars in Health Disparities at the Center for Social Disparities in Health, UCSF | Global Research Projects
... clarifying the concept of health disparities/inequalities and implications for measurement, measurement of socioeconomic status ... Kellogg Scholars in Health Disparities at the Center for Social Disparities in Health, UCSF. ... Kellogg Scholars in Health Disparities at the Center for Social Disparities in Health, UCSF ... The Kellogg Health Scholars Program develops new leadership in the effort to reduce and eliminate health disparities and to ...
Race and Gender Disparities are Evident in COPD Underdiagnoses Across all Severities of Measured Airflow Obstruction<...
Race and gender disparities are evident in COPD underdiagnoses across all severities of measured airflow obstruction. ... "Disparities in Respiratory Health,"7 serve as a commitment and framework to define and reduce respiratory health disparities: " ... inhalational exposures occur disproportionally in ethnic minorities and individuals with lower socioeconomic status. ... 1-4 Health disparities (defined as a significant difference in health between populations) persist in most common diseases ...
Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions
... is included in the following Collections:. *Springer Publishing Health ... Its incidence varies by race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and other geographic and demographic factors. This volume, co- ... Home , Books , Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions View PDF. Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based ... The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique ...
Disparities in Health Insurance Coverage and Health Status Among Farmworkers, Sonoma County, California, 2013-2014
... and others who strive to improve the health of the public through chronic disease prevention. ... and others who strive to improve the health of the public through chronic disease prevention. ... is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. ... is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. ...
Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Self-Rated Health Status Among Adults With and Without Disabilities -- United States, 2004 --...
Hispanic adults rated their health status approximately equally across the three health status categories: very good or ... Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Self-Rated Health Status Among Adults With and Without Disabilities -- United States, 2004 -- 2006 ... Shi L, Green LH, Kazakova S. Primary care experience and racial disparities in self-reported health status. J Am Board Fam ... To assess self-rated health status, participants were asked, Would you say that in general your health is excellent, very good ...
Browsing WHA53 by Subject "Health Status Disparities"
Browsing Technical documents by Subject "Health Status Disparities"
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Disparities in Health Care Utilization by Smoking Status - NHANES 1999-2004 | Notes
... by smoking status, among adults in the United States.We used 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES ... with health care utilization.After controlling for demographic characteristics, current smokers and former smokers who quit ... data from 15,332 adults.Multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine the relationship between smoking status (current ... The objective of this study was to assess disparities in health care utilization, ...
Disentangling Race and Socioeconomic Status in Health Disparities Research: an Examination of Black and White Clergy |...
... in health disparities research may help illuminate the independent role of race in health differences between Blacks and Whites ... Race Socioeconomic status Health disparities Clergy Propensity score matching This is a preview of subscription content, log in ... Disentangling Race and Socioeconomic Status in Health Disparities Research: an Examination of Black and White Clergy. ... Sophisticated adjustments for socioeconomic status (SES) in health disparities research may help illuminate the independent ...
health status disparities | Archives of Disease in Childhood
Health care disparities in the acute management of venous thromboembolism based on insurance status in the U.S. - PubMed - NCBI
Health care disparities in the acute management of venous thromboembolism based on insurance status in the U.S.. Misky GJ1, ... This study examined VTE care in hospital patients and investigated differences based on insurance status. We performed a ... Additional research is needed to explain these disparities, and to explore system improvements for the uninsured VTE patient. ... We reviewed medical records for demographics, insurance, admission status, length of stay (LOS), and 30-day Emergency ...
topic:"Health Status Disparities" found 880 records • Arctic Health
Health Care Costs Health Services Accessibility - economics - statistics & numerical data Health Status Disparities Health ... Health Manpower - statistics & numerical data Health Policy Health Status Disparities Healthcare Disparities - ethnology - ... Delivery of Health Care - utilization Female Health Status Disparities Health Surveys Humans Indians, North American - ... Health Services Accessibility - statistics & numerical data Health services needs and demand Health Status Disparities Humans ...
RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series: Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status (SES)...
RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series: Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status (SES) ... RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series: Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status (SES) ... The RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series is composed of a wide selection of ... The RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series is composed of a wide selection of ...
A new report: Reducing Health Disparities by Poverty Status - Alliance Medical Ministry
... we are addressing the health disparities and improving the health of those with the greatest needs in Wake County. ... 5.1%) (Data from the National Health Interview Survey). *The poor were more than nine times more likely than those in middle ... A limited supply of health care providers presents further impediments to access for many low-income urban and rural poor ... Friends, Alliance is caring for the uninsured with comprehensive health care in a way that has produced proven results and ...
Race/ethnic and nativity disparities in later life physical performance: the role of health and socioeconomic status over the...
Education Elderly Emergency Preparedness Employment Exercise Health Care Health Care Professionals Health Disparities Health ... Race/ethnic and nativity disparities in later life physical performance: the role of health and socioeconomic status over the ... Childhood health and SES as well as more proximal levels of SES are important determinants of race/ethnic disparities in later ... We also examine whether detailed measures of childhood and adult health and socioeconomic status (SES) mediate race/ethnic ...
Welcome to CDC stacks | Disparities in Health Insurance Coverage and Health Status Among Farmworkers, Sonoma County, California...
Healthcare Disparities Health Status Disparities Hispanic Americans Humans Insurance, Health Insurance Coverage Male Original ... Disparities in Health Insurance Coverage and Health Status Among Farmworkers, Sonoma County, California, 2013-2014 ... Additional research and new health policies are necessary to eliminate these health disparities and to facilitate farmworker ... We identified significant health disparities between Sonoma County farmworkers and Sonoma County adults overall. ...
Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self-efficacy |...
Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self-efficacy. ... Read online: Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self- ... Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self-efficacy ... The authors concluded that disparity in CPAP adherence demonstrated between Māori and non-Māori can be explained in part by ...
Disparities in Health and Health Care: Five Key Questions and Answers
... disability status, and sexual orientation.. 2. Why do Health and Health Care Disparities Matter?. Disparities in health and ... 1. What are Health and Health Care Disparities?. Health and health care disparities refer to differences in health and health ... 1. What are Health and Health Care Disparities?. Health and health care disparities refer to differences in health and health ... Disparities in Health and Health Care: Five Key Questions and Answers. Disparities in Health and Health Care: Five Key ...
Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota<...
Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota. Mayo ... Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota. In: ... Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota. / Wi, ... T1 - Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota ...
COVID-19 Study Reveals Age, Wealth and Social Status Disparities When Analyzing Behaviors Dealing With Pandemic | HealthCare.com
Pivot Health Survey Finds Short-Term Health Insurance Demand Has Increased For Uninsured. By Colleen McGuire ... Home / Press Releases / COVID-19 Study Reveals Age, Wealth and Social Status Disparities When Analyzing Behaviors Dealing With ... COVID-19 Study Reveals Age, Wealth and Social Status Disparities When Analyzing Behaviors Dealing With Pandemic. ... However, there were disparities in behavior by age groups and education levels. Among those 55 and older, almost eight in ten ...
Disparities In Treatment Of Children In The Emergency Department Based On Their Insurance Status - Redorbit
Health May 10, 2012. Disparities In Treatment Of Children In The Emergency Department Based On Their Insurance Status. by ... it is uncertain how or why a childs insurance status could be associated with care decisions in the ED." Although the authors ... there was no difference in the level of treatment based on insurance status among children with significant illnesses. ... Medicaid or State Childrens Health Insurance Program), and 12% had no insurance. Compared with children with private insurance ...
U.S. GAO - VA Health Care: Opportunities Exist for VA to Better Identify and Address Racial and Ethnic Disparities
In 2012, VA established the Office of Health Equity to identify and address health care outcome disparities and to develop an ... has taken steps to reduce disparities in health care outcomes linked to race and ethnicity, but lacks mechanisms to measure ... However, GAO found that the extent of VAs progress in implementing the action plan and advancing health equity is unknown ... VA has identified worse health care outcomes for some diseases among racial and ethnic minority veterans. For example, VA ...
Health Disparities: MedlinePlus
Health disparities refer to differences in the health status of different groups of people. Read more. ... National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities * Office of Minority Health (Department of Health and Human ... Health Disparities is the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities ... Health disparities are health differences between different groups of people. These health differences may include ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20036850 - Assessing the contribution of working conditions to socioeconomic disparities in...
... working conditions in producing socioeconomic health disparities and trends of increasing socioeconomic health disparities, ... contributing to interventions to reduce such disparities, and helping to improve public education materials on this subject. ... Occupational health researchers can play a pivotal role in increasing our understanding of the role of physical and ... socioeconomic status; health disparities; working conditions; occupational health disparities ...
Colorectal cancer screening in the elderly population: disparities by dual Medicare-Medicaid enrollment status. - PubMed - NCBI
Health Serv Res. 2006 Dec;41(6):2136-54. Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt ... Health Serv Res. 2006 Dec;41(6):2136-54.. Colorectal cancer screening in the elderly population: disparities by dual Medicare- ... Future studies should evaluate the contribution of comorbidity and low socioeconomic status to these disparities. ... To assess the disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening between elderly dual Medicare-Medicaid enrollees (or duals), the ...
WHO EMRO | Regional disparities in the distribution of Sudan's health resources | Volume 26 issue 9 | EMHJ volume 26 2020
Sudans health status. The key national health indicators reveal that the overall Sudans health status is low (8,17). Moreover ... This poor status of health is largely associated with low financial and human resources allocated to the health sector. In ... The unequal distribution of the health resources has resulted in significant regional disparities in provision of health care ... Despite the measures taken to improve health status and reduce health inequalities, the study results show that the ...
2016 Health Disparities Legislation
Policymakers are responding to these issues by introducing legislation aimed at eliminating health disparities. ... This page contains a state-by-state summary of 2016 health disparities legislation. ... utilization of oral health care services, and oral health status. Pending - Assembly Health and Senior Services Committee. ... Requires development of a comprehensive, coordinated plan to reduce health disparities in the health disparity priority areas ...
African American Cancer Prevention Project: Establishing a Cohort to Investigate Health Disparities - Full Text View -...
... health status, stress, and racism. It should take about 75 minutes to complete. Your waist, hip, height, and weight will also ... African American Cancer Prevention Project: Establishing a Cohort to Investigate Health Disparities. The safety and scientific ... African American Cancer Prevention Project: Establishing a Cohort to Investigate Health Disparities. ... If your scores suggest signs of depression, you will be given a list of resources for mental health screening. ...
Oral Health Needs Assessment of Sjogren s Syndrome and Salivary Gland Dysfunction Cohorts and Healthy Volunteers Evaluating...
Evaluating Oral Health Disparities as Determinants of Oral Health in a High-risk Population. ... Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : November 1, 2017. Last Update Posted : September 21, 2018 ... To study dental health needs of people with salivary gland problems and healthy volunteers. To study the disparities in dental ... Self-reported oral health needs and importance of key oral health indicators are the outcomes [ Time Frame: Survey completion ] ...
Multi-Method Health System Quality Improvement Intervention to Reduce Hypertension Disparities - Full Text View -...
Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : March 29, 2012. Last Update Posted : January 5, 2018 ... Multi-Method Health System Quality Improvement Intervention to Reduce Hypertension Disparities. The safety and scientific ... The racial disparity is defined as the percent difference in blood pressure control between white patients and ethnic minority ... disparities. care management. provider education. audit and feedback. Omron. African Americans. organizational change. ...
The Historic and Ongoing Issue of Health Disparities Among Native Elders | American Society on Aging
Reducing health disparities requires creating and enforcing policies that help reduce disparities in socioeconomic status and ... Indian Health Service. 2014. Indian Health Disparities. Retrieved July 1, 2014.. James, A. S., et al. 2013. "Barriers to ... "A Conceptual Modal of Historical Trauma: Implications for Public Health Practice and Research." Journal of Health Disparities ... "Socioeconomic Disparities in Health: Pathways and Policies." Health Affairs 21(2): 60-76. ...
World Health OrganPopulationsInequalitiesPrevalenceInequalityLower socioeconomic statusCareDeterminants of heaMinorityInequitiesIncidencePopulationSocialAPHAExposuresAccessEthnicityDifferences in healthPrevalenceAddress DisparitiesEfforts to reduce health disparities2017ChronicInterventionsHealthcareCenters for DiseasPopulation Health and Health DisparitiesPersistMortalityInequalities in healthNeighborhood Socioeconomic StatusWhitesGapsBehavioralGender disparities2016Social determinantsCare UtilizationMinoritiesMinority HealthSocioeconomic and racial2018ColorectalAdultsComplex and interrelatedOral healthContributesReduceHypertensionPreventable healthBurdenUtilization of healthPriorityPublicationPriorities
- Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. (medworm.com)
- Understanding the distribution of exposures to early life risk and protective factors for cancer across different populations can shed light on opportunities to promote health equity at earlier developmental stages. (medworm.com)
- Health inequalities are avoidable and unjust differences in health between individuals or populations [ 1 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
- Given that we know that interventions shown to be effective in improving the health of a population may actually widen the health inequalities gap while others reduce it, it is imperative that all systematic reviewers consider how the findings of their reviews may impact (reduce or increase) on the health inequality gap. (beds.ac.uk)
- This study reviewed existing guidance on incorporating considerations of health inequalities in systematic reviews in order to examine the extent to which they can help reviewers to incorporate such issues. (beds.ac.uk)
- A mapping review was undertaken to identify guidance documents that purported to inform reviewers on whether and how to incorporate considerations of health inequalities. (beds.ac.uk)
- Studies were included if they provided an overview or discussed the development and testing of guidance for dealing with the incorporation of considerations of health inequalities in evidence synthesis. (beds.ac.uk)
- Guidance has been produced to inform considerations of health inequalities at different stages of the systematic review process. (beds.ac.uk)
- Definitions of health inequalities and guidance differed across the included studies. (beds.ac.uk)
- This has implications not only for understanding the usefulness and burden of the guidance but also for the uptake of guidance and its ultimate goal of improving health inequalities considerations in systematic reviews. (beds.ac.uk)
- Incorporating considerations of how review findings impact on health inequalities also aims to overcome one of the major barriers in using systematic reviews to inform decision-making, policy-making and practice [ 8 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
- For example, differences in health status could include variations in the "incidence, prevalence, mortality, [or] burden of disease and other adverse health conditions" (originally defined by NIH working group on health disparities in 1999), as well as differences in disease prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship across population groups (cancer disparities are identified in NCI's cancer control continuum as a cross-cutting concern). (aacrjournals.org)
- We work with other sectors to address the factors that influence health, including employment, housing, education, health care, public safety and food access. (apha.org)
- All Health is Connected: Can Leveraging Women's Health Care Help Narrow Gaps in Black Men's Health? (apha.org)
- The topic was culture and health, and the chapter focused pretty heavily on health disparities and health care disparities. (blogspot.com)
- Part of the chapter is on health (care) disparities. (blogspot.com)
- Health disparities are the different rates of being healthy or sick (or having specific conditions) between groups, while health care disparities are the differences in treatment and in access to treatment (Mio, Barker, & Tumambing 2012). (blogspot.com)
- These two disparities can not be reasonably separated, as receiving poor care (or no care) can lead people to try to deal with health problems on their own and mistrust doctors, which in turn rather definitively leads to not accessing health care . (blogspot.com)
- In terms of the choice to attempt access to health care or not to make the attempt, historical and current racism play a significant role for many people of color. (blogspot.com)
- In addition, research on health care disparities has often framed the problem as lying within cultural choices of the marginalized group, which does little to create trust (Bhopal 1998). (blogspot.com)
- There really are differences in (attempted and successful) health care utilization between marginalized groups and privileged groups. (blogspot.com)
- To equip public health professionals with the tools to address these inequities in their communities, the report outlines numerous ways to advance equitable change in housing equity through policy and advocacy, cross-sector partnerships and community engagement and education. (apha.org)
- Creating the Healthiest Nation: Advancing Health Equity (PDF) explains why health inequities hurt public health. (apha.org)
- Inequities differ from health disparities , which are differences in health status between people related to social or demographic factors such as race, gender, income or geographic region. (apha.org)
- Better Health Through Equity: Case Studies in Reframing Public Health Work (PDF) highlights state and local efforts from health agencies and one Tribal Nation across Colorado, Oregon, Texas, Virginia and Wisconsin to address the root causes of health inequities. (apha.org)
- Creating health equity is a guiding priority and core value of APHA. (apha.org)
- As APHA Executive Director Georges Benjamin, MD, writes in this U.S. News & World Report piece , "Health equity is a goal we can achieve, and it's within our power to do so. (apha.org)
- Read APHA Executive Director Georges Benjamin's thoughts on health equity ("It is simply impossible to talk about the roles that racism and discrimination play in the health of our communities without taking a hard look inward. (apha.org)
- Creating the Healthiest Nation: Water and Health Equity (PDF) discusses the root problems to access and affordable water in the United States today. (apha.org)
- The fact sheet tells us how to advance health and educational equity through such efforts as offering group therapy, giving students access to washers and dryers and making sure school staff have ongoing opportunities for culturally informed professional development. (apha.org)
- To estimate differences in self-rated health status by race/ethnicity and disability, CDC analyzed data from the 2004 -- 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys. (cdc.gov)
- Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status and the health of pregnant women. (springer.com)
- Objective To characterize health disparities in common chronic diseases among adults by socioeconomic status (SES) and ethnicity in a mixed rural-urban community of the United States. (elsevier.com)
- Continued enrollment efforts could further narrow coverage disparities, but the share of remaining nonelderly uninsured who are eligible for coverage varies by race and ethnicity. (kff.org)
- Health and health care disparities are commonly viewed through the lens of race and ethnicity, but they occur across a broad range of dimensions. (kff.org)
- One concern is that race and ethnicity information can be labeled incorrectly in VA patients' electronic health records as "self-reported", a highly reliable method of collection, when data were actually collected based on the less reliable method of VA staff observation. (gao.gov)
- Note: Concerns about the completeness and accuracy of race and ethnicity information were raised by officials from VA's Office of Health Equity, Veterans Experience Office, and Health Services Research & Development. (gao.gov)
- RESULTS/CONCLUSION: Research needs to be guided by models of the associations between social (socioeconomic position (SEP), race/ethnicity, immigration status, and gender) and occupational variables and health, to avoid inappropriate control for confounding, and to specify causal pathways (mediation) and interaction effects. (cdc.gov)
- Health in later life varies significantly by individual demographic characteristics such as age, sex, and race/ethnicity, as well as by social factors including socioeconomic status and geographic region. (pnas.org)
- Dr. Scott Tomar, director of institutional analysis and evaluation at the University of Florida College of Dentistry, conducted this analysis and used data from the CDC report to identify whether relative disparities for children and adults increased or decreased between different income and race/ethnicity groups over two time periods: 1999-2004 and 2011-16. (pewtrusts.org)
- Of Tomar's 48 comparisons between groups defined by race/ethnicity or poverty status, the disparities gap narrowed over time for 42 percent of them, widened for 37 percent, and stayed the same for 21 percent. (pewtrusts.org)
- Relative disparities increased by race/ethnicity and income despite gains by all groups because black, Mexican American, and low-income children started with much higher prevalence of disease than whites and higher-income children. (pewtrusts.org)
- As called for by Section 4302 of the Affordable Care Act, HHS adopted new standards for the collection of data by race, ethnicity, primary language, sex, and disability status within major self-reported population health surveys. (hhs.gov)
- a Health disparities were defined as "differences in health status across population groups, whether defined by race or ethnicity, gender, social class, geographic location, or sexual orientation" ( 52 , p. 101). (aacrjournals.org)
- Rates of reported exposure to SARS-CoV-2 also differed by race and/or ethnicity and socioeconomic status. (aappublications.org)
- This course is a graduate introduction to social injustice and inequality issues which create conditions that lead to unconscionable health disparities according to race, ethnicity, childhood experiences, gender, income, nationality, and other factors. (umassonline.net)
- Socioeconomic status significantly mediated the association between race/ethnicity and survival for acute lymphoblastic leukemia , acute myeloid leukemia, neuroblastoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. (news-medical.net)
- Massachusetts has recognized these disparities, and became the first state to mandate collection of race and ethnicity data on all patients with an inpatient hospitalization, an observation unit stay, or an emergency department visit. (wikipedia.org)
- Patients reports of health care experience and preferences differ based on race and ethnicity. (uky.edu)
- Univariable and multivariable regression models adjusted for sex, age, and race/ethnicity were implemented to assess the association between social problems and self-rated health. (dovepress.com)
- Article on ethnicity, health care and socio-economic status and the continuing disparity among minority children in Texas. (unt.edu)
- This report deepens understanding of health care disparities in Minnesota with results segmented by race and Hispanic ethnicity and comparable medical group reporting of seven quality measures. (mncompass.org)
- Then, we used propensity scores to match Black and White participants on key socioeconomic, demographic, occupational, and physical activity characteristics and re-examined differences in health. (springer.com)
- Williams DR, Collins C. US socioeconomic and racial differences in health: patterns and explanations. (springer.com)
- Health and health care disparities refer to differences in health and health care between population groups. (kff.org)
- Economic, social, and cultural factors-ranging from lack of access to quality health care to differences in health beliefs between patients and their doctors-add to the greater asthma burden among these groups. (nih.gov)
- For example, differences in health status could include variations in the "incidence, prevalence, mortality, [or] burden of disease and other adverse health conditions" (originally defined by NIH working group on health disparities in 1999), as well as differences in disease prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship across population groups (cancer disparities are identified in NCI's cancer control continuum as a cross-cutting concern). (aacrjournals.org)
- Health disparities are differences in health between different groups of people. (cigna.com)
- Furthermore, according to strong evidence, medical insurance minimally contributes to eradicating socioeconomic differences in health (10) . (annals.org)
- Health disparity has been defined by the World Health Organization as the differences in health care received by different groups of people that are not only unnecessary and avoidable but also unfair and unjust. (wikipedia.org)
- Overall, the term "health disparities", or "health inequalities", is widely understood as the differences in health between people who are situated at different positions in a socioeconomic hierarchy. (wikipedia.org)
- To identify disparities between surveyed farmworkers and Sonoma County residents overall, age-adjusted prevalence estimates were developed by using indirect standardization to the adult (≥18 years) Sonoma County sample from the California Health Interview Survey for 2011-2012. (cdc.gov)
- They had greater body mass index, higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension, and lower physical health functioning. (springer.com)
- The prevalence of forgoing care due to cost among cancer survivors was 7.8% for medical care, 9.9% for prescription medications, 11.3% for dental care, and 2.7% for mental health care. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- This article assessed the prevalence of perceived abuse and discrimination among Arab-American adults after September 11, 2001, and associations between abuse or discrimination and psychological distress, level of happiness and health status. (rwjf.org)
- Children and adolescents in the U.S. have made substantial oral health gains in recent years while the prevalence of dental disease in adults has remained fairly constant, with an increase in the number of seniors with decay, according to a September 2019 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (pewtrusts.org)
- Asthma prevalence, health care use and mortality: United States, 2003-05. (nih.gov)
- To apply decomposition methods to understand disparities in preterm birth (PTB) prevalence between births of non-Hispanic black individuals and births of non-Hispanic white individuals in California, according to individual demographics, neighborhood socioeconomic environment, and neighborhood air pollution. (nih.gov)
- Despite the proven remarkable decline of HIV prevalence in the sub-Saharan Africa region, both sub-regional and within-country disparities in HIV prevalence persist. (who.int)
- There are some rural-urban health disparities in South Africa, that is, urban dwellers had a higher prevalence of diabetes, edentulism and cognitive functioning than rural ones. (scielo.org.za)
- In many parts of the world, rural-urban health disparities persist in terms of socio-demographics, health care access, health status and prevalence of chronic conditions. (scielo.org.za)
- 4. What are Key Initiatives to Address Disparities? (kff.org)
- While health care organizations alone do not have the power to improve all of the multiple determinants of health for all of society, they do have the power to address disparities directly at the point of care, and to impact many of the determinants that create these disparities. (chausa.org)
- States, local communities, private organizations, and providers are also engaged in efforts to reduce health disparities. (kff.org)
- As the nation continues to intensify efforts to reduce health disparities, solutions may lie in ensuring adequate resources to nurses working in direct care. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Hayward MD, Miles TP, Crimmins EM, Yang Y. The significance of socioeconomic status in explaining the racial gap in chronic health conditions. (springer.com)
- Medical needs of cancer survivors include surveillance for primary recurrence and second malignancies, monitoring for chronic and late effects, treatment for other medical comorbidities, mental health services, and general preventive care 2 . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- As a practicing psychiatrist and patient advocate, I strongly believe that equal treatment and quality care should apply to someone who has a chronic mental health illness, like schizophrenia or major depressive disorder, requiring ongoing therapeutic and complex medical management, just as would apply to a patient in need of cardiovascular treatment or other chronic medical issue. (careforyourmind.org)
- These results identify pervasive sociodemographic differences in immune-cell gene regulation that emerge by young adulthood and may help explain social disparities in the development of chronic illness and premature mortality at older ages. (pnas.org)
- Type II Diabetes Mellitus has attached concern worldwide because of its impact on those with the disease, the growing costs to health systems, and chronic complications and comorbidities of the disease. (omicsonline.org)
- A major focus of life-course epidemiology has been to understand how early-life experiences (particularly experiences related to economic adversity and the social disadvantages that often accompany it) shape adult health, particularly adult chronic disease and its risk factors and consequences. (aappublications.org)
- LGBT people are more likely to rate their health as poor and report more chronic conditions. (cigna.com)
- 1 Ageing is often associated with decline in health status characterised by limited physical functioning, increase in chronic diseases as well as decrease in cognitive functioning. (scielo.org.za)
- Other prominent areas of disparity include birth indicators and chronic conditions. (wikipedia.org)
- The aim of the new center, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), is to eliminate or dramatically reduce health disparities in Washington, D.C., where chronic diseases disproportionately affect the largest minority group, African Americans. (georgetown.edu)
- This report documents the strong correlation between food security status and chronic health conditions among working age adults living at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line. (mncompass.org)
- This model is spectacularly successful in high-intensity, acute medical care, the setting of most medical education and training, but has many limitations when applied to general health and chronic diseases. (annals.org)
- These important data should stimulate further population studies and provide impetus for targeted public health interventions and community outreach programs to reduce health inequities and advance care access in the state and the U.S. at large. (choiceshopz.com)
- INTRODUCTION: Occupational health researchers can play a pivotal role in increasing our understanding of the role of physical and psychosocial working conditions in producing socioeconomic health disparities and trends of increasing socioeconomic health disparities, contributing to interventions to reduce such disparities, and helping to improve public education materials on this subject. (cdc.gov)
- These interventions occur long after mental health concerns-if identified and treated early-could be eliminated or mitigated, avoiding crises and tragedies. (careforyourmind.org)
- The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) seeks research to improve understanding of the causes of high priority diseases in the United States and to develop and test more effective interventions for reducing/eliminating health disparities. (nih.gov)
- The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) seeks research to improve understanding of the causes of disparities in health and disability in the United States and to develop and test more effective interventions for reducing/eliminating health disparities directly related to the scientific areas within the mission of the NIDDK http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/Research/ScientificAreas/default.htm . (nih.gov)
- Interventions targeting mediating factors specific to racial/ethnic groups, such as improved access to care, may help reduce US fetal death disparities. (nih.gov)
- These data suggest that interventions early in life may address the predisease physiological disparities that manifest as late-life health disparities. (pnas.org)
- At HealthCare.com, we want to make health insurance content easy to … understand so that it can help you make better decisions. (healthcare.com)
- In 2003, the groundbreaking Institute of Medicine Study ("IOM study") Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare acknowledged the continuation of racial disparities in health status and accessing health care and provided suggestions for the elimination of these disparities (IOM, 2003). (slu.edu)
- The DQIP measures were specified for use in the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measure established by NCQA and subsequently widely adopted for performance assessment in commercial, Medicare, and Medicaid health plans. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Shetty A, Parzuch M, Nirappil S, Kicklighter A, Lager P (2016) Healthcare Utilization Disparity between Caucasian and African- American Patients with Diabetes from 2006-2008 and 2009-2011. (omicsonline.org)
- The purpose of this study was to identify disparity of utilization of healthcare services among African Americans and Caucasians in the United States from 2006-2008 and 2009 and 2011. (omicsonline.org)
- Public health safety and environment in inadequate hospital and healthcare settings: A review. (springer.com)
- Inequities in healthcare utilization: Results of the Brazilian national health survey, 2013. (springer.com)
- The American Hospital Association, Association of American Medical Colleges, American College of Healthcare Executives, Catholic Health Association of the United States, and National Association of Public Hospitals and Health Systems have launched a call to action to eliminate health care disparities. (aha.org)
- Health and healthcare perspectives of African American residents of an unincorporated community: a qualitative assessment. (biomedsearch.com)
- In this study, we conducted focus groups to assess individual and community health status, environmental health mediators, and systematic barriers to healthcare among African American residents of the unincorporated town, Fresno, Texas. (biomedsearch.com)
- Unaffordable healthcare, limited access to healthcare, and environmental mediators were perceived to impact the Fresno community's health status. (biomedsearch.com)
- We work closely with partners to redefine health beyond healthcare and with a bold vision of achieving health equity for all. (mcw.edu)
- Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts refers to the issues in access to, and treatment of, the residents of the state of Massachusetts. (wikipedia.org)
- Many entrenched risk communities face a diaspora of problems that stem from their socioeconomic status, including higher poverty rates, lower employment rates, low educational needs, and competing needs like housing that take a priority over healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
- Thus, there is a compounding of issues that face communities of low socioeconomic status that lead to a lack of both preventative healthcare, and treatment once individuals do fall ill. (wikipedia.org)
- Studies suggest that racial and ethnic disparities are other key factors in healthcare disparities. (wikipedia.org)
- The law had three key components aimed at combating healthcare inequality - mandating that every citizen has a minimum level of insurance coverage, providing free health care insurance for residents earning less than 150% of the federal poverty level and mandating employers with more than 10 "full-time" employees to provide healthcare insurance. (wikipedia.org)
- The proposed workshop will challenge health educators, healthcare providers, and healthcare trainees to rethink the concept of cultural competence in terms of cultural humility by focusing on characteristics learned early in life as they relate to practicing culturally-appropriate health care with the goal of eliminating healthcare inequities and reducing health disparities. (uky.edu)
- As a result of this unequal social order, women are usually relegated into positions where they are not only more vulnerable to suffering from health problems, but also less able to have access and control over healthcare resources than men. (wikipedia.org)
- This website was initially supported in part by a cooperative agreement from the Disability and Health Team of the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (aahd.us)
- Indeed, health disparities have widened over the past 3 to 5 decades despite the National Health Service in the United Kingdom, Medicaid in the United States, and other measures (3, 11, 12) , as acknowledged in the position paper (1) , which cited a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (13) . (annals.org)
- The RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series is composed of a wide selection of analytical measures, encompassing a variety of domains, all derived from a number of disparate data sources. (umich.edu)
- 1 Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA. (nih.gov)
- Self-rated health status has been found to be an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality ( 1 ), and racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status persist among the U.S. adult population ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- In spite of all the research, government reports and initiatives, health care disparities persist and in some cases have worsened. (slu.edu)
- While Americans as a group are healthier and living longer, disparities persist. (ncsl.org)
- Disparities in the use of mental health services, including outpatient care and psychotropic drug prescriptions, persist for black and Latino children, reports a new study in Health Services Research. (cfah.org)
- In a separate report , researchers found that racial disparities in how NIH (National Institutes of Health) grants are evaluated persist despite a 2009 change to the review process designed to alleviate these differences. (myeloma.org)
- A "health disparity" refers to a higher burden of illness, injury, disability, or mortality experienced by one group relative to another. (kff.org)
- Major health issues covered in the report include: Communicable diseasesCancer incidence and mortalityMaternal and child healthChronic diseasesBehavioral risk factors in adultsEnvironmental health issuesSuicide, homicide, and vehicular mortality A Health Disparities Roadmap contains valuable lessons for researchers in health promotion and health disparities, as well as community health professionals. (choiceshopz.com)
- In 1998, President Bill Clinton announced the Initiative to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care that was supposed to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities in six key areas of health status, including infant mortality, by the year 2010. (slu.edu)
- African-Americans are less likely than whites to be screened for colorectal cancer, and the disparity almost certainly contributes to higher mortality. (cfah.org)
- Measures of racial/ethnic health disparities in cancer mortality rates and the influence of socioeconomic status. (umd.edu)
- We examined the cancer rates by racial/ethnic group, socioeconomic status and time period to identify disparities underlying the overall mortality trend. (umd.edu)
- JoAnne M. Foody, MD. (2014) Racial Disparities In Hospitalizations, Procedural Treatments And Mortality Of Patients Hospitalized With Atrial Fibrillation. (cfah.org)
- Pandemic statistics reveal the racial health disparities: The latest overall COVID-19 mortality rate for Black Americans is 2.4 times as high as the rate for Whites. (myeloma.org)
- Differential locational access to fast-food retailing between neighbourhoods of varying socioeconomic status has been suggested as a contextual explanation for the social distribution of diet-related mortality and morbidity. (biomedsearch.com)
- Job classification predicted cardiovascular mortality more effectively than cholesterol level, hypertension, or smoking in London civil servants, all of whom had access to the National Health Service (4) . (annals.org)
- Is racism a fundamental cause of inequalities in health? (springer.com)
- Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health. (springer.com)
- 2016. Socio-economic inequalities in health and health service use among older adults in India: Results from the WHO study on global ageing and adult health survey. (springer.com)
- Research of evolution, regional difference and influence factor of the inequalities in health of the old. (springer.com)
- Sophisticated adjustments for socioeconomic status (SES) in health disparities research may help illuminate the independent role of race in health differences between Blacks and Whites. (springer.com)
- These demographic disparities become increasingly prevalent in mid to later adulthood ( 5 , 6 ), resulting in shorter life spans for men relative to women, for blacks and Hispanics relative to Asians and non-Hispanic whites, for the poor relative to the affluent, and for residents of the southern United States compared to other regions ( 7 ⇓ - 9 ). (pnas.org)
- Compared with white children, relative disparities widened for black and Mexican American children because gains by whites outpaced those of the other groups. (pewtrusts.org)
- Disparity gaps widened between blacks and whites and for Mexican Americans relative to whites. (pewtrusts.org)
- Relative disparities increased between whites and Mexican Americans despite Mexican Americans experiencing the largest percentage point decline among all racial/ethnic groups. (pewtrusts.org)
- Relative disparities narrowed between whites and Mexican Americans, and higher- and lower-income youth, because of the large declines experienced by Mexican American and lower-income groups. (pewtrusts.org)
- While the gaps have narrowed for some indicators, they have widened for many others, and equity in oral health status remains elusive. (pewtrusts.org)
- Gaps in the implementation of clinical practice guidelines for asthma contribute to the ongoing problem of asthma-related health disparities among at-risk groups. (nih.gov)
- Cigna understands the importance of addressing health disparities facing the LGBT population and is working to close these gaps. (cigna.com)
- Health disparities are gaps in health that happen largely because of social or economic disadvantages and inequitable distribution of resources based on things like socioeconomic status, race, sex, or geography. (verywellhealth.com)
- These health gaps exist for a wide range of conditions and illnesses, including HPV-associated cancers. (verywellhealth.com)
- Ms. Beacuchamp discusses the inadequacies of insurers' behavioral health networks and highlights the challenges that insured patients encounter when seeking mental health care. (careforyourmind.org)
- While Carolyn's piece sheds light on this important issue, it is-unfortunately-not news to those of us who work in the behavioral health field. (careforyourmind.org)
- Adults with developmental disabilities are at risk for hearing and vision difficulties, cardiovascular disease, obesity, seizures, mental health and behavioral problems, poor oral health, and poor general fitness. (ncd.gov)
- 4 Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. (aacrjournals.org)
- These disparities are seen in the areas of behavioral health, physical health, and access to care. (cigna.com)
- Behavioral health. (cigna.com)
- Behavioral health includes mental health, substance abuse, and addiction. (cigna.com)
- In line with the long-term plan objectives, the national health sector medium-term plan (2012-2016) also marks equity in access and utilization of health services (13). (who.int)
- Please join HPOE and the Disparities Solutions Center at Massachusetts General Hospital for a webinar Nov. 8, 2016, Noon - 1 p.m. (chausa.org)
- Equity, social determinants and public health programmes / editors Erik Blas and Anand Sivasankara Kurup. (who.int)
- An accompanying editorial explores the epidemiologic challenges of understanding social determinants of childhood cancer survival, specifically concerning racial and ethnic disparities, and discusses future directions to increase health equity for childhood cancer patients. (news-medical.net)
- For a number of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, good health is more difficult to attain because appropriate care is often associated with an individual's economic status, race and gender. (ncsl.org)
- Despite the presence of similar co-morbidities associated with AF, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, the study found significant disparities in the care of minorities hospitalized with AF. (cfah.org)
- While the health status for Americans overall is improving, the health status for minorities is declining. (virginia.gov)
- Studies have found that access to health care-both prevention and treatment-tends to be lower for racial-ethnic minorities. (hormone.org)
- The health status of educated minorities is far closer to that of the educated white population than to that of poor minorities. (annals.org)
- U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Office of the Secretary, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation and Office of Minority Health. (hhs.gov)
- The implementation progress report is not meant to be an exhaustive list of all of the current research, policies, and programs the Department is supporting to improve minority health, but rather provide several illustrative examples of important work in this area. (hhs.gov)
- In 1985, the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services empanelled a Task Force on Minority Health to review the available data and assess the health status of minority Americans. (virginia.gov)
- The ACHDHE works with the Office of Minority Health and Health Equity in achieving its objectives. (virginia.gov)
- June 26, 2012 - The National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities has awarded a five-year, $6.1 million grant to Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC) to establish the Center of Excellence for Health Disparities in Our Nation's Capital (CEHD). (georgetown.edu)
- Adams-Campbell, also associate director for Minority Health and Health Disparities Research at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, will lead the effort involving breast cancer research. (georgetown.edu)
- An additional goal of the CEHD is to promote careers in minority health research by creating educational and training programs. (georgetown.edu)
- In this article we argue for the utility of the life-course perspective as a tool for understanding and addressing health disparities across socioeconomic and racial or ethnic groups, particularly disparities that originate in childhood. (aappublications.org)
- This approach is particularly relevant to understanding and addressing health disparities, because social and physical contextual factors underlie socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health. (aappublications.org)
- Requiring each health occupations board established under the Health Occupations Article to report an update on specified efforts to educate specified individuals regarding racial and ethnic health disparities to specified committees of the General Assembly on or before January 1, 2018. (maryland.gov)
- Colorectal cancer screening in the elderly population: disparities by dual Medicare-Medicaid enrollment status. (nih.gov)
- To assess the disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening between elderly dual Medicare-Medicaid enrollees (or duals), the most vulnerable subgroup of the Medicare population, and nonduals. (nih.gov)
- The Indian Health Service (IHS) reported that AIAN cancer screening rates were significantly lower than in the overall population, with only 59 percent receiving cervical screening, 48 percent breast screening, and 37 percent completing colorectal screening, leading to increased risk of late diagnosis and decreased survival from cancer. (govdelivery.com)
- Black and Hispanic adults are more likely to report their general health status as fair or poor compared with white adults ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- Children who grow up poor are more likely to have health problems as adults. (psychologicalscience.org)
- Hewitt and colleagues 3 found that relative to adults with no history of cancer, survivors are more likely to be in fair or poor health and to have functional limitations. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Unfortunately, because the surveys differed in many of their measures or categories, the 1971-1974 NHANES and the three NIDR surveys permit only limited assessments of trends in health status for adults and children. (nap.edu)
- Using data from 1,069 young adults from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health)-the largest nationally representative and ethnically diverse sample with peripheral blood transcriptome profiles-we analyzed variation in the expression of genes involved in inflammation and type I interferon (IFN) response as a function of individual demographic factors, sociodemographic conditions, and biobehavioral factors (smoking, drinking, and body mass index). (pnas.org)
- Adults who are deaf or who experience significant problems hearing were three times as likely to report fair or poor health compared with those who did not have hearing impairments. (ncd.gov)
- All caregivers received oral health counseling, while children in one group received FV twice per year and the controls received no varnish. (arctichealth.org)
- Findings support the use of FV at least twice per year, in conjunction with caregiver counseling, to prevent ECC, reduce caries increment and oral health inequalities between young Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. (arctichealth.org)
- One task, then, for this committee as it evaluated future directions for dental education was to examine the status of oral health in this country and the ramifications for dental education in both the short and the long-term. (nap.edu)
- In undertaking this task, the committee reviewed information on the health status of the U.S. population, including data on trends and differences across population subgroups, and evaluated the recommendations of other groups whose primary task was to articulate goals for oral health. (nap.edu)
- A background paper on oral health status by White et al. (nap.edu)
- it then presents the committee's views on oral health status goals and their implications for dental education. (nap.edu)
- The data on oral health status and services reviewed by this committee came from three primary sources. (nap.edu)
- The first survey (then called the Health Examination Survey), which took place between 1959 and 1962, included some measures of oral health status as did the second survey conducted from 1971 to 1974. (nap.edu)
- The third NHANES (which took place from 1976 to 1980) did not include measures of oral health. (nap.edu)
- The latest survey, which began in 1988 and does include oral health measures, is to be analyzed by the National Institute for Dental Research (NIDR) rather than NCHS, and results are yet to be published. (nap.edu)
- provides a more extensive discussion of oral health status and trends. (nap.edu)
- As suggested in this review of sources, the collection of data on oral health status has been somewhat less regular and frequent than the collection of information about many other health problems. (nap.edu)
- What remained constant between the two time periods were the persistent disparities in oral health status between white and other racial/ethnic groups and between higher- and lower-income groups of all ages. (pewtrusts.org)
- Oral Health Coalition of Alabama. (fluoridealert.org)
- 13. Oral Health. (fluoridealert.org)
- Preliminary data from the 1999 Indian Health Service Oral Health Survey indicates the Alaska Native dental clinic user population has more than twice as many decayed or filled teeth as non-Natives. (fluoridealert.org)
- 2007. Alaska Oral Health Plan: 2008-2012 . (fluoridealert.org)
- The Oral Health of Arizona's Children. (fluoridealert.org)
- Division of Public Health Services, Public Health Prevention Services, Office of Oral Health.1. (fluoridealert.org)
- The challenge at this stage is to engage the 'passionate doers' primarily when they can 'do' something such as 'vote' on options, 'survey' people in their neighborhood about oral health knowledge and attitudes, or 'examine' children to collect baseline data and refer them for the care they need. (nih.gov)
- Learn what community members and key partners see as important oral health issues and why they feel they are important. (nih.gov)
- Efforts to reduce racial/ethnic health disparities should explicitly include strategies to improve the health and well being of persons with disabilities within each racial/ethnic population. (cdc.gov)
- In addition, reproductive health services improve health and reduce costs by covering family planning, HIV and STD testing and treatment, and prenatal care. (healthypeople.gov)
- Includes, as part of the preferred program components in the grant application, the ability of the campus to reduce racial disparities in access to mental health services. (ncsl.org)
- In the face of this stress, Miller and Chen propose a strategy that may work to reduce stress and improve health. (psychologicalscience.org)
- Now, in my current role as Vice President, Health and Wellness, at Prudential Financial, I work to combat these challenges and reduce obstacles to care. (careforyourmind.org)
- This document is an implementation progress report of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Ser-vices (HHS) Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities (HHS Disparities Action Plan). (hhs.gov)
- This report outlines the HHS Disparities Action Plan's goals and strategies, describes a sample of the specific actions being taken across HHS agencies to reduce these disparities, and highlights major accomplishments to date. (hhs.gov)
- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Eth-nic Health Disparities (HHS Disparities Action Plan) is the most comprehensive federal com-mitment to date for reducing, and eventually eliminating disparities in health and health care. (hhs.gov)
- 1. Assess and heighten the impact of all HHS policies, programs, processes, and resource decisions to reduce health disparities . (hhs.gov)
- What is Cigna doing to reduce these disparities? (cigna.com)
- Published early online in CANCER , a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may inform where to allocate resources to best reduce racial and ethnic survival disparities for each of the major types of childhood cancer. (news-medical.net)
- For some types of childhood cancer, racial and ethnic survival disparities could be addressed through initiatives that reduce social and economic barriers to effective care such as expanded health insurance coverage, improved patient care coordination, increased health literacy, and supplementation of transportation and childcare costs during treatment. (news-medical.net)
- Lucile Adams-Campbell is one of three Georgetown co-principal investigators sharing a large NIH grant to create a center aimed at eliminating or dramatically reduce health disparities in Washington, D.C. (georgetown.edu)
- The CEHD anchors a broader Georgetown University-wide initiative that seeks to reduce and eventually eliminate health disparities. (georgetown.edu)
- Closing this disparity gap is a major emphasis of the Guidelines Implementation Panel (GIP) Report , which offers recommendations and strategies for addressing asthma disparities across six priority messages derived from the Expert Panel Report 3-Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (EPR-3). (nih.gov)
- The strong life-course influences on adult health could provide a powerful rationale for policies at all levels-federal, state, and local-to give more priority to investment in improving the living conditions of children as a strategy for improving health and reducing health disparities across the entire life course. (aappublications.org)
- This priority supports monitoring HHS agencies' stra-tegic plans, programs, and regulations to ensure that the HHS Disparities Action Plan goals, strategies, and actions are included to the fullest extent possible in the agencies' work. (hhs.gov)
- The implementation of health technology is a national priority in the United States and widely discussed in the literature. (jmir.org)
- The ACA also included other provisions focused on addressing disparities and the 2011 Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Disparities Action Plan set out a series of priorities, strategies, actions, and goals to achieve a vision of "a nation free of disparities in health and health care. (kff.org)
- Although the ACA sharply reduced uninsured rates for people of color and low-income individuals, coverage disparities remain, and changing federal priorities could reverse recent progress reducing disparities. (kff.org)
- Further, changing federal priorities could lead to coverage losses and other reverses in recent advances in reducing disparities. (kff.org)
- The overarching Secretarial priorities represent the cross-cutting issues that the HHS Dispari-ties Action Plan addresses to ensure the coordination of HHS programmatic and policy efforts to effectively advance health equity. (hhs.gov)
- Determining health priorities helps direct resources to the programs that matter most to communities--those that will have the greatest impact on the health status of the population. (nih.gov)