Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Perception of three-dimensionality.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The status of health in urban populations.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
The status of health in rural populations.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
The turning inward of the lines of sight toward each other.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
A self-evaluation of health status.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.

The health related quality of life of the employees in the Greek hospitals: assessing how healthy are the health workers. (1/2192)

BACKGROUND: The main aim of the study was to assess the health status and health related quality of life of the personnel of the Hellenic Network of Health Promotion Hospitals. The instrument used was SF-36. An additional aim was to contribute to the validation of the SF-36. METHODS: The study instrument was administered to 347 randomly selected employees from seven hospitals within major Athens area. Completed questionnaire were obtained by 292 employees. The statistical significance of the observed differences was tested with parametric (t-test and ANOVA) and non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney and Kruskall-Wallis). Also, since the Greek national norms have not been published yet, the mean scores on all eight SF-36 dimensions of this study were compared with the U.S and several European national norms just to assess the extent to what there are significant differences between a Greek healthy population and the general populations of several other countries. RESULTS: Medical doctors and technical personnel (mostly engineers) reported better health status than nurses and administrative and auxiliary personnel; women reported poorer health status than men on all eight SF-36 dimensions; younger employees reported poorer health status than their older counterpartners. Moreover the mean scores on all SF-36 dimensions reported by the participants on this study were considerably lower than the U.S and many European national norms. Also the study results constitute an indication of the SF-36 construct validity. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study show that there are major and intense health inequalities among the employees in Greek hospitals.  (+info)

Socioeconomic differences in the burden of disease in Sweden. (2/2192)

OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyse how much of the total burden of disease in Sweden, measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), is a result of inequalities in health between socioeconomic groups. We also sought to determine how this unequal burden is distributed across different disease groups and socioeconomic groups. METHODS: Our analysis used data from the Swedish Burden of Disease Study. We studied all Swedish men and women in three age groups (15-44, 45-64, 65-84) and five major socioeconomic groups. The 18 disease and injury groups that contributed to 65% of the total burden of disease were analysed using attributable fractions and the slope index of inequality and the relative index of inequality. FINDINGS: About 30% of the burden of disease among women and 37% of the burden among men is a differential burden resulting from socioeconomic inequalities in health. A large part of this unequally distributed burden falls on unskilled manual workers. The largest contributors to inequalities in health for women are ischaemic heart disease, depression and neurosis, and stroke. For men, the largest contributors are ischaemic heart disease, alcohol addiction and self-inflicted injuries. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to use socioeconomic differences, measured by socioeconomic position, to assess the burden of disease using DALYs. We found that in Sweden one-third of the burden of the diseases we studied is unequally distributed. Studies of socioeconomic inequalities in the burden of disease that take both mortality and morbidity into account can help policy-makers understand the magnitude of inequalities in health for different disease groups.  (+info)

Asthma patient education opportunities in predominantly minority urban communities. (3/2192)

Disenfranchised ethnic minority communities in the urban United States experience a high burden of asthma. Conventional office-based patient education often is insufficient to promote proper asthma management and coping practices responsive to minority patients' environments. This paper explores existing and alternative asthma information and education sources in three urban minority communities in western New York State to help design other practical educational interventions. Four focus groups (n = 59) and four town hall meetings (n = 109) were conducted in one Hispanic and two black communities. Focus groups included adult asthmatics or caretakers of asthmatics, and town meetings were open to all residents. A critical theory perspective informed the study. Asthma information and education sources, perceptions of asthma and ways of coping were elicited through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis followed a theory-driven immersion-crystallization approach. Several asthma education and information resources from the health care system, media, public institutions and communities were identified. Intervention recommendations highlighted asthma workshops that recognize participants as teachers and learners, offer social support, promote advocacy, are culturally appropriate and community-based and include health care professionals. Community-based, group health education couched on people's experiences and societal conditions offers unique opportunities for patient asthma care empowerment in minority urban communities.  (+info)

Socioeconomic risk, parenting during the preschool years and child health age 6 years. (4/2192)

BACKGROUND: Parent child relationships and parenting processes are emerging as potential life course determinants of health. Parenting is socially patterned and could be one of the factors responsible for the negative effects of social inequalities on health, both in childhood and adulthood. This study tests the hypothesis that some of the effect of socioeconomic risk on health in mid childhood is transmitted via early parenting. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in 10 USA communities involving 1041 mother/child pairs, selected at birth at random with conditional sampling. EXPOSURES: income, maternal education, maternal age, lone parenthood, ethnic status and objective assessments of mother child interaction in the first 4 years of life covering warmth, negativity and positive control. OUTCOMES: mother's report of child's health in general at 6 years. Modelling: multiple regression analyses with statistical testing of mediational processes. RESULTS: All five indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) were correlated with all three measures of parenting, such that low SES was associated with poor parenting. Among the measures of parenting maternal warmth was independently predictive of future health, and among the socioeconomic variables maternal education, partner presence and 'other ethnic group' proved predictive. Measures of parenting significantly mediated the impact of measures of SES on child health. CONCLUSIONS: Parenting mediates some, but not all of the detectable effects of socioeconomic risk on health in childhood. As part of a package of measures that address other determinants, interventions to support parenting are likely to make a useful contribution to reducing childhood inequalities in health.  (+info)

Inequality in the health status of workers in small-scale enterprises. (5/2192)

BACKGROUND: Small-scale enterprises (SSEs) usually share poorer resources for promoting occupational health. AIM: To investigate inequality of health status among SSEs in Japan. METHOD: A cross-sectional, multiple-centred study was carried out using the periodical health check-up data for the fiscal year 2000 to compare the age-adjusted proportions of workers with hypertension (HT), hyperlipidaemia, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and obesity and of current smokers by size of enterprise, i.e. or=1000 employees in Japan. RESULTS: From five leading occupational health organizations, data were collected for 9833 enterprises with a total of 436 729 subjects, 302 383 males and 134 346 females. The proportions of workers in SSEs with or=50 male employees. The prevalence of smokers in SSEs with or=50 male employees. These proportions showed a significantly increasing tendency with decreasing size of male workforce. CONCLUSION: Despite the cross-sectional design and only adjusting age as a potential confounder, higher proportions of HT, IGT, obesity and smoking in male workers were found in SSEs compared to larger organizations.  (+info)

Possible socioeconomic and ethnic disparities in quality of life in a cohort of breast cancer survivors. (6/2192)

BACKGROUND: This paper describes the ethnic and socioeconomic correlates of functioning in a cohort of long-term nonrecurring breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants (n = 804) in this study were women from the Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study, a population-based, multicenter, multiethnic, prospective study of women newly diagnosed with in situ or Stages I to IIIA breast cancer. Measurements occurred at three timepoints following diagnosis. Outcomes included standardized measures of functioning (MOS SF-36). RESULTS: Overall, these long-term survivors reported values on two physical function subscales of the SF-36 slightly lower than population norms. Black women reported statistically significantly lower physical functioning (PF) scores (P = 0.01), compared with White and Hispanic women, but higher mental health (MH) scores (P < 0.01) compared with White and Hispanic women. In the final adjusted model, race was significantly related to PF, with Black participants and participants in the "Other" ethnic category reporting poorer functioning compared to the White referent group (P < 0.01, 0.05). Not working outside the home, being retired or disabled and being unemployed (on leave, looking for work) were associated with poorer PF compared to currently working (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: These data indicate that race/ethnicity influences psychosocial functioning in breast cancer survivors and can be used to identify need for targeted interventions to improve functioning.  (+info)

Health inequalities with the National Statistics-Socioeconomic classification: disease risk factors and health in the 1958 British birth cohort. (7/2192)

BACKGROUND: Health inequalities using the new National Statistics socioeconomic classification (NS-SEC) have so far been assessed using only general measures of health, with little known about inequality for specific health outcomes. Preliminary analyses show that self-employed workers, distinguished for the first time by NS-SEC, show increased mortality risk in the last 5 years of working life. We examined health inequalities for multiple disease risk factors and health outcomes, with particular reference to cardiorespiratory risk in the self-employed. METHODS: 8952 participants in the 1958 British birth cohort with information on adult occupation and disease risk factors at 45 years. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, glycosylated haemoglobin, total and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), von Willebrand factor, total immunoglobulin E (IgE), one-second forced expiratory volume, 4 kHz hearing threshold, visual impairment, depressive symptoms, anxiety, chronic widespread pain and self-rated health were measured. RESULTS: Routine workers had poorer health than professional workers for most outcomes examined, except HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, t-PA and IgE in men; total cholesterol and IgE in women. Patterns of inequality varied depending on the outcome but rarely showed linear trend across the classes. Relative to professionals, own account workers (self-employed) did not show consistently increased levels of cardiorespiratory risk markers. CONCLUSIONS: Health inequalities are seen with NS-SEC across diverse outcomes for men and women. In mid-life, self-employed workers do not have an adverse cardiorespiratory risk profile.  (+info)

Race and risk of schizophrenia in a US birth cohort: another example of health disparity? (8/2192)

BACKGROUND: Immigrant groups in Western Europe have markedly increased rates of schizophrenia. The highest rates are found in ethnic groups that are predominantly black. Separating minority race/ethnicity from immigration in Western Europe is difficult; in the US, these issues can be examined separately. Here we compared rates of schizophrenia between whites and African Americans and evaluated whether the association was mediated by socioeconomic status (SES) of family of origin in a US birth cohort. METHODS: Study subjects were offspring of women enrolled during pregnancy at Alameda County Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Plan clinics (1959-66) in the Child Health and Development Study. For schizophrenia spectrum disorders, 12 094 of the 19 044 live births were followed over 1981-97. The analysis is restricted to cohort members whose mothers identified as African American or white at intake. Stratified proportional hazards regression was the method of analysis; the robustness of findings to missing data bias was assessed using multiple imputation. RESULTS: African Americans were about 3-fold more likely than whites to be diagnosed with schizophrenia [Rate Ratio (RR) = 3.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.71-6.27]. After adjusting for indicators of family SES at birth, the RR was about 2-fold (RR = 1.92; 95% CI: 0.86-4.28). Using multiple imputation in the model including family SES indicators, the RR for race and schizophrenia was strengthened in comparison with the estimate obtained without imputation. CONCLUSION: The data indicate substantially elevated rates of schizophrenia among African Americans in comparison with whites in this birth cohort. The association may have been partly but not wholly mediated by an effect of race on family SES.  (+info)

The Kellogg Health Scholars Program develops new leadership in the effort to reduce and eliminate health disparities and to secure equal access to the conditions and services essential for achieving healthy communities.The Program consists of two tracks and offers two-year postdoctoral fellowships at eight training sites. The Center on Social Disparities in Health provides a nexus for collaborations among distinguished researchers with expertise in multiple disciplines relevant to social disparities in health. Center faculty - including those based at UCSF as well as collaborating investigators at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Stanford University, the University of Texas at Austin, and other institutions - have demonstrated a long-standing commitment to studying and addressing social disparities in health.. Major themes of research at the Center on Social Disparities in Health include:. ...
The Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research program is a collaborative effort supported by the NIEHS, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that encourages basic, biological, clinical, epidemiological, behavioral, and/or social scientific investigations of disease conditions that are known to be a significant burden in low socioeconomic and health disparate populations. The Centers, funded through a P50 grant mechanism, support research efforts, mentoring, capacity building, research translation, and information dissemination, and are designed to address program-specific research priorities.. The boxes below show the primary areas of research of the five EHD Centers along with key questions they are addressing related to health disparities.. ...
Inequities are created when barriers prevent individuals and communities from accessing these conditions and reaching their full potential. Inequities differ from health disparities, which are differences in health status between people related to social or demographic factors such as race, gender, income or geographic region. Health disparities are one way we can measure our progress toward achieving health equity.. How do we achieve health equity? We value all people equally. We optimize the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, learn and age. We work with other sectors to address the factors that influence health, including employment, housing, education, health care, public safety and food access.1 We name racism as a force in determining how these social determinants are distributed.. As APHA Executive Director Georges Benjamin, MD, writes in this U.S. News & World Report piece, Health equity is a goal we can achieve, and its within our power to do so. We have the tools ...
The Commission was a truly global process, bringing together hundreds of researchers and practitioners from universities and research institutions, government ministries, and international and civil society organizations.. Knowledge networks, including academics and practitioners from around the world, collected evidence on policies and interventions to improve health and reduce health inequities across a number of areas including: early child development, employment conditions, globalization, women and gender equity, urban settings, social exclusion, health systems, measurement, and priority public health conditions. The Commission built further evidence-gathering partnerships through two regional networks (the Nordic and Asian networks) and with researchers in additional key areas, such as ageing, indigenous peoples, food and nutrition, violence and conflict, and the environment. Partnerships with a number of countries committed to tackling health inequities were established. Brazil, Canada, ...
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) provides a major opportunity for New York to address health disparities. In April 2012, Governor Cuomo created a Health Benefits Exchange which will offer affordable health coverage to individuals consumers and small businesses seeking to provide coverage for employees. Those whose incomes qualify will receive subsidies in the form of tax credits to use towards their monthly premiums.. ...
Chapter 8 discussed culture and health. Part of the chapter is on health (care) disparities. Health disparities are the different rates of being healthy or sick (or having specific conditions) between groups, while health care disparities are the differences in treatment and in access to treatment (Mio, Barker, & Tumambing 2012). These two disparities can not be reasonably separated, as receiving poor care (or no care) can lead people to try to deal with health problems on their own and mistrust doctors, which in turn rather definitively leads to not accessing health care. I know that past healthcare experiences have influenced my decisions to (not) seek care for illness or injury. After I had a doctor explain that my injury (which I had already said was a month prior) could not be a broken foot because for a broken foot to appear as it did on the MRI, the injury would need to be about a month old, my trust definitely decreased. It was, in fact, a broken foot. I suspect he couldnt believe a ...
An interactive web tool for measuring inequalities in influenza immunization among seniors. Companion product to the report Trends in Income-Related Health Inequalities in Canada.
Despite overall health improvement over a few decades, health inequalities seem to be worsening, which calls for alternative health policies to consider health equity as their major agenda. However, yet much has been not discussed over justification of alleviating health inequalities, principles in program/policy planning, and modalities for delivery. Health equity policies are defined as all policies and programs to be implemented for preventing, alleviating and eliminating health inequalities.
Despite Canadas generally high standard of living and a health care system that offers universal access to high quality care, there are major health disparities in our nation. These health disparities are most pronounced for vulnerable populations particularly new immigrants, refugees and Canadian born people from non-dominant ethno-racial communities who often, through the process of racialization, are treated in different and unequal in ways with regressive social, economic and political impacts (Galabuzi, 2001). Improving the health of such vulnerable populations requires moving beyond interventions focused on changing individual behaviours to approaches that address systemic issues that impact on their health, namely racism and racial discrimination.. Emerging research shows that the main determinants of health are neither medical nor behavioural but rather social and economic (Raphael, 2004). Despite evidence of the health impacts of structural inequalities, health determinants such as ...
Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. Health disparities in cancer incidence and mortality may reflect differences in exposures to risk factors early in life. Understanding the distribution of exposures to early life risk and protective factors for cancer across different populations can shed light on opportunities to promo...
Lithuanian University of Health Sciences and its partners are implementing the project No. NOR-LT11-SAM-01-TF-02-001 Development of a Model for the Strengthening of the Capacities to Identify and Reduce Health Inequalities. Project duration is 2014-2017.. Purpose of the project - to create the model for the strengthening of the capacities to identify and reduce health inequalities according to the international and national experience in the area of identification, evaluation and reduction of health inequalities, analysis of legal documentation (national or regional), evaluation of human potential and its competences, and upon preparation of the related recommendations and training programs for national and regional employees.. The project is intended to solutions of Lithuanias health inequality problems by developing specialists involved in policymaking and implementation in various sectors (health and related) as well as public health bureaus specialists administrative health inequality ...
Figure 1. Coding procedure for content analysis. aHealth disparities were defined as differences in health status across population groups, whether defined by race or ethnicity, gender, social class, geographic location, or sexual orientation (52, p. 101). Extensive coding guidelines elaborated on this definition. For example, differences in health status could include variations in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, [or] burden of disease and other adverse health conditions (originally defined by NIH working group on health disparities in 1999), as well as differences in disease prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship across population groups (cancer disparities are identified in NCIs cancer control continuum as a cross-cutting concern). In addition, the coding instrument described the injustice inherent in disparities [e.g., differences which are unnecessary and unavoidable but, in addition, are also considered unfair and unjust, (53, p. 219)], as well as the ...
See also: WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health: Conceptual Framework (interactive learning tool). In this interactive learning tool, the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health Framework is explained in a practical way for multiple audiences. The tool can be used by both individuals and groups to better understand and use the framework in their practice to advance health equity. The Region V Social Determinants of Health Team acknowledges the assistance of Adam Judge and the de Beaumont Foundation in the development of this learning module. ...
Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations..
Downloadable! We consider three different types of decomposition analysis: decomposition by health components, decomposition by subgroups, and regression-based decomposition. We show that level-dependent indices perform better than rank-dependent indices. We explore different approaches to decompose or explain socioeconomic inequality of health. The first looks at the contributions of components of health, the second aims to split inequality into between- and within-group inequality, and the third uses regression techniques. Our paper compares the decomposition properties of both rank-dependent and level-dependent indices of socioeconomic inequality of health. As far as decomposition by components and regression-based decomposition is concerned, there are no essential differences between the types of indices. When it comes to decomposition by population subgroups, however, level-dependent indices are clearly superior. The fact that the basic level-dependent index can be decomposed perfectly into a
Given that we know that interventions shown to be effective in improving the health of a population may actually widen the health inequalities gap while others reduce it, it is imperative that all systematic reviewers consider how the findings of their reviews may impact (reduce or increase) on the health inequality gap. This study reviewed existing guidance on incorporating considerations of health inequalities in systematic reviews in order to examine the extent to which they can help reviewers to incorporate such issues. A mapping review was undertaken to identify guidance documents that purported to inform reviewers on whether and how to incorporate considerations of health inequalities. Searches were undertaken in Medline, CINAHL and The Cochrane Library Methodology Register. Review guidance manuals prepared by international organisations engaged in undertaking systematic reviews, and their associated websites were scanned. Studies were included if they provided an overview or discussed the
Abstract The Norwegian strategy for reducing health inequalities from 2007 has been recognised as one of the most ambitious and encompassing in Europe. By proposing action on the social determinants of health, such as income structure, employment opportunities and affordable child-care, the strategy was able to approach the entire social gradient rather than just the socially disadvantaged. In this article, we present the main features of the health equity strategy, and discuss possible obstacles to a successful implementation and a prolonged commitment to reducing health inequalities in Norway. We raise three major concerns: 1) a stubborn fundamental inequality structure, 2) a lack of focus on the gradient in the implementation of cross-sectoral reforms and 3) a possible re-orientation of policy away from redistribution and universalism.. ...
This generation of youth is one of the most progressive in history. They instinctively understand that sexual health disparities are inextricably linked with poverty, racism, and stigma, and they have had it with politicians that ignore their needs. ...
Citation: Morenoff JD, House JA, Hansen BB, Williams DR, Kaplan GA, Hunte HE. Understanding social disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control: The role of neighborhood context. Soc Sci Med 2007, 65(9):1853-66. , ...
Connecting the Dots. Racism, Stress, and Health Inequity. A Tale of Two Babies. Elijah. Joseph. The Cycle Begins. Pre-term Delivery. Low Birth Weight. Infant Mortality. What are Health Disparities?.
The UConn Foundation UConn Health Disparities Institute State of Health Equity Among Boys and Men of Color Summit . Supporting the University of Conneticut.
Mamary AJ, Stewart JI, Kinney GL, et al for the COPDGene investigators. Race and gender disparities are evident in COPD underdiagnoses across all severities of measured airflow obstruction.
Learn about World Health Day 2021, Building a fairer, healthier world for everyone, and how global health inequity is being addressed.
Health,...... (Tackling health inequalities in primary care) ...By way of diminishing health problems through social inequalities gen...Diseases have both biological and societal causes and yet medical trea...,Recording,Patients,Socio-Economic,Status,Is,Necessary,For,Tackling,Health,Inequalities,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
EDITOR-The paper by Sacker et al,1 and the associated editorial by Vågerö,2 discuss differences in health inequality between men and women measured with two alternative schemes. We have been investigating a similar problem-the indicators that are most sensitive for measuring health inequalities in an older population.. Sacker et al included only those people in paid work in 1981. The 1981 census shows that 20% of men and 49% of women in the age groups they consider were not working, so this restriction will have resulted in many people in the sample being excluded. Such exclusions are known to result in bias.3 In the older population the use of classifications based on current occupation is problematic. Other common indicators of socioeconomic status, such as income and education, also present difficulties. This is because of the strong association between income and employment status and because most of todays older … ...
REACH (Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health) is a national program administered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities. Penn State REACH is one of 31 REACH organizations nationwide. Their work is primarily in service of promoting healthy lifestyles and reducing health disparities among Hispanics through stronger community-clinical linkages ...
What would it take to eradicate health inequalities? Testing the fundamental causes theory of health inequalities in Scotland October We are happy to consider requests for other languages or formats.
In June 2000, Eliseo Perez Stable, MD received $3.75 million from the National Cancer Institute for a five year program to study cancer among Latinos. According to NCI, Latinos die disproportionately of colon and breast cancer compared to groups having higher rates of those types of cancer and Latinas have one of the highest cervical cancer death rates. In October 2000, Paula Braveman, MD, MPH received funding for two years from the Centers for Disease Control to describe socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in maternal and infant health in California and 4-6 other states. The main goals of the project are to (1) describe disparities in low birth weight, unintended pregnancy, delayed prenatal care, and non-initiation/discontinuation of breast-feeding during the last decade; and (2) to recommend individual/household- and area-level measures of socio- economic status for ongoing, routine monitoring of social disparities in the selected indicators over time. In January 2001, Braveman was ...
Drastic differences in the health of urban black, Latino, and white children in the U.S. are mainly due to family education levels and household income.
The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities.. ...
Dr. Fredriksen-Goldsens primary area of scholarship focuses on the intersection of health disparities, aging and care giving in marginalized communities. Currently, as the Principal Investigator of the National Health, Aging and Sexuality Study: Caring and Aging with Pride over Time (R01), she is leading the first national longitudinal study on health disparities of LGBT midlife and older adults and their caregivers.. ...
Downloadable! The results of new direct price level comparisons across 146 countries in 2005 have led to large revisions of PPP (purchasing power parity) exchanges rates, particularly for China and India. The recalculation of international and global inequalities, using the new PPPs, shows that inequalities are substantially higher than previously thought. Inequality between global citizens is estimated at 70 Gini points rather than 65 as before. The richest decile receives 57 percent of global income rather than 50 percent.
Background It is widely recognised that the pursuit of sustainable development cannot be accomplished without addressing inequality, or observed differences between subgroups of a population....
Seattle Quality of Life Group - Measuring and Improve Health Disparities in Children, Adolescents, Adults from Stigmatized Populations
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Engaging Youth and Young Adults from Health Disparity Populations in the HIV Treatment Cascade (R01) RFA-MD-16-003. NIMHD
In this paper, we give refinements of the integral form of Jensens inequality and the Lah-Ribarič inequality. Using these results, we obtain a refinement of the Hölder inequality and a refinement of some inequalities for integral power means and quasiarithmetic means. We also give applications in i...
Medical News Today asked its experts: What do you wish people knew about health inequity? In this Special Feature, we share their answers.
Helps health care students and practitioners in delivering skilled and appropriate care to various patients, no matter their ethnicity, country of origin, or access to services. This title presents information on differences in access to heath-care, immun
Strategies for Measuring Most cancers Disparities , which evaluates measures of health disparities included in HDCalc. The monograph discusses main points that
A high level of participant enrollment was achieved in the CHCs. The calculation of a standard response rate, however, is not possible, due to the recruitment
Solving inequalities of the form (p(x))/(q(x))|0 (instead of | there can be another symbol of inequality), where p(x) and q(x) are polynomials,
VERT2CON convert a set of points to the set of inequality constraints which most tightly contain the points ie create constraints to bound the convex hull of the given pointsAb vert2conVV a set of points each ROW of which is one
How do we think about technology differently as the world continues to be blighted by suffering, hatred and grotesque inequality?
Differin - A defect of symmetry is sometimes apparent in the inequality of corresponding lobes; but those above enumerated are always present.
Income-related inequalities in health and in health services use pose a disturbing and challenging issue in health systems, which are based on social health insurance such as Israel. To explore income-related inequalities in health and in health services use in Israel in 2009-2010. We used the Central Bureau of Statistics file, which linked information on 7,175 households (24,595 persons) from the 2009 Health Survey and the 2010 Incomes Survey. Raw and adjusted concentration curves and indices were calculated for ten chronic conditions (adjusting for age), visits to physicians and hospitalizations (adjusting for health and location). There is no income-related inequality in asthma and in cancer. The income-related inequality in the remaining eight conditions is pro-poor, namely, they are more prevalent among poor households. The order of the level of inequality is (from the least unequally distributed): any condition, hypertension, heart diseases, diabetes, depression, respiratory diseases, digestive
CPEHN is excited to release Measuring Mental Health Disparities: A Roadmap & Recommendations for Implementation of the Mental Health Equity Act (AB 470, 2017).. We know that health care coverage and access alone do not guarantee a reduction of disparities or improve health outcomes. Quality of care and the cultural appropriateness of care are critical components of ensuring health equity.. Quality measurement in mental health has historically lagged behind quality and performance improvement in health care, but it is a key component of achieving equity. Therefore, CPEHN convened an Advisory Committee to develop a recommended set of quality metrics for adoption by the State of California. Through this conversation, a number of themes emerged that are reflected in the report, Measuring Mental Health Disparities.. ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Addressing the Challenges of the Opioid Epidemic in Minority Health and Health Disparities Research in the U.S. (R21 Clinical Trial Optional) PAR-18-745. NIMHD
Siegel M, Allanson P (2015). Longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities: methods, challenges and applications. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research in press. Siegel M, Mielck A, Maier W (2015). Individual income, area deprivation, and health: Do income-related health inequalities vary by small area deprivation? Health Economics 24(11):1523-1530. F. Henschel, M. Redaelli, M. Siegel, S. Stock (2015). Correlation of Incident Potentially Inappropriate Medication Prescriptions and Hospitalization: An Analysis Based on the PRISCUS List. Drugs - Real World Outcomes 2(3):249-259. Röttger J, Blümel M, Engel S, Grenz-Farenholtz B, Fuchs S, Linder R, Verheyen F, Busse R (2015): Exploring Health System Responsiveness in Ambulatory Care and Disease Management and its Relation to Other Dimensions of Health System Performance (RAC) - Study Design and Methodology. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2015;4(7): 431-437. Klein G, Lickfett L, Schreieck J, Deneke T, Wieczorek M, for the ...
The scope of published literature on racial/ethnic disparities is broad. In addition, although racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality rates10 and dental care11 have been fairly well described, relatively little has been published on racial/ethnic disparities in children and adolescents. The terms that have been used to describe disparities also have been neither standardized nor consistent. As a consequence, the literature search was limited to only those studies that specifically examined racial/ethnic disparities for US children and adolescents, to ensure a focus on disparities and a body of literature in urgent need of a systematic review. Thus, articles on racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality and dental care were excluded, because disparities in these domains have comparatively been more well described, and articles on pediatric workforce diversity, an area that was addressed in a recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement,12 also ...
Study Overview Graduates of CEPH-accredited schools and programs of public health are equipped with the population health skills to address the worlds most pressing health issues.. ...
Inequalities in health are the focus of considerable research and debate in social sciences. Recent evidence demonstrates inequalities are widening and governments, local authorities, user groups and the public are grappling with evidence and options for action. The aim of this series is to address the need for renewed action and to revitalise policy, practice, and academic work on inequalities in health.. The report of the World Health Organizations Commission on Social Determinants of Health (2008) offered arguments for (i) an explicitly normative commitment to advancing health equity; (ii) a focus on the influence of macro-scale economic and social processes and policy choices on socially patterned differences; and (iii) advancing health equity through policies and interventions outside the health sector. Thus whilst data on inequalities are plentiful and social science offers a number of explanations, in these years of economic recession and austerity policies action appears to be ...
Other Course Information A. Objectives 1) To identify and describe the distribution of health disparities and their contributing factors across population groups and disease outcomes. 2) To describe key multi level factors that are mechanisms by which health care disparities occur. 3) Examine the strengths and weaknesses of current health disparities research, and identify the challenges in the measurement of health disparities and the successful completion of health disparities research. 4) Understand the role of social factors such as cultural competence in health promotion, and disease prevention 5) To be able to describe and critique current and proposed medical care, social, environmental, and public health strategies to address health disparities. 6) To identify innovative strategies (including cultural competency training, increased diversity in the workforce, and development of culturally appropriate interventions) that may contribute substantively toward the elimination of health ...
AbstractA variety of scholars have explored the role of communication in reducing, maintaining, and even widening health disparities, but comparatively less attention has focused on the content and effects of communication about health disparities in the mass media. This article aims to summarize the current state of knowledge about these issues by identifying key outcomes and audiences for mass-mediated communication about health disparities, describing what is known about public opinion about health disparities, reviewing selected research on the content and effects of mass-mediated communication about health disparities, and identifying priorities for future research to better understand the role of communication in shaping public support and collective action to reduce health disparities. | Health promotion. Social marketing
An interactive web tool for measuring inequalities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease hospitalization. Companion product to the report Trends in Income-Related Health Inequalities in Canada.
Hypertension is the number one cause of racial group disparities in mortality in the U.S. Thus, understanding the mechanisms by which race is linked with the cardiovascular system is key. African Americans (AA) are exposed to more stress across the lifespan and lifetime adversity is associated with cardiovascular disease (CHD) and hypertension. However, mechanisms accounting for the links between long-term stress exposure, hypertension and CHD remain unclear. Cardiovascular reactivity is hypothesized to be a major contender as it predicts increased risk of cardiac events and mortality, especially among people with hypertension. According to existing theories of racial health disparities, stress, and social relations, racial health disparities are due to variations in long-term exposure to stress and stress reactivity (biological, psychological, behavioral) and those race differences are moderated by social relations and age. In response to the FOA Aging Research on Stress and Resilience to ...
Social determinants of health (SDOH) will play a key role in quality reporting in the coming years. But until just recently physicians did not know the The AMA has created a free online education module to educate medical students and physicians of SDOH and proper documentation.
DALLAS, February 11, 2021 - Structural racism is a public health crisis in the U.S. and worldwide. The scientific publishing community can improve our understanding and address the significant health impacts of structural racism in racial and ethnic disparities research, according to a new statement, The Groundwater of Racial and Ethnic Disparities Research: A Statement from Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, published today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart Association journal, from the journals editors.. It is critical to acknowledge the societal structures - the groundwater, as it is called in The Groundwater Approach: Building a Practical Understanding of Structural Racism from The Racial Equity Institute - that have led to disproportionate rates of disease among people from various racial and ethnic groups. Previous research attributes many disparities to issues related to individual factors or local systems not the underlying ...
The ideation of poverty and its relationship to health inequalities and inequities is in part a valid assessment but, poverty is not necessarily the underlying primary precursors of health inequalities and inequities in a society. Population-focused determinants of societal health are more complicated than a mere function of poverty (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2012). The ramification between societal-health comprises of multifactorial variables or risk factors (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2012). Income inequality and social disparity are factors attributable to health inequalities in population health (Wilkinson, & Pickett, 2010). Interestingly, income inequality does not necessarily equate to the differences in the national income per person. Its modality in part, refers to income gap within a societal class, social structures and socio-economic status, etc. (Wilkinson, & Pickett, 2010). Hence, to assess the impacts of income inequality and social disparity on health inequalities within a target ...
September 24, 2013 3:00-4:00 p.m. EDT. Join us for #HealthPromoChat (, hosted by Health Promotion Ontario (HPO) conference coordinator Tanya Beattie.. In anticipation of the Septembera 26th HPO conference, Think Big and Lets Get Going: Applying SDOH, well be talking about a SDOH continuum of activities that move upstream. Share your current work and challenges in education and awareness, programs, initiatives, resources, policies and inter-sectoral action. Lets keep the conversation, and action, going!. Questions to explore:. ...
Significant recognition of health and health care disparities began over a decade ago with several landmark reports and the first major legislation focused on reduction of disparities. The release of two Surgeon Generals reports in the early 2000s showed disparities in tobacco use and access to mental health services by race and ethnicity.24,25 The first major legislation focused on reduction of disparities, the Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education Act of 2000,26 created the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities, and authorized the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to regularly measure progress on reduction of disparities. Soon after, the Institute of Medicine released two seminal reports documenting racial and ethnic disparities in access to and quality of care.27,28. The ACA advanced efforts to improve health and health care and reduce disparities.29 The ACAs broad coverage expansions and increased funding for community health ...
Despite impressive improvements in aggregate indicators of health globally over the past few decades, health inequities between and within countries have persisted, and in many regions and countries are widening. Our recommendations regarding research priorities for health equity are based on an assessment of what information is required to gain an understanding of how to make substantial reductions in health inequities. We recommend that highest priority be given to research in five general areas: (1) global factors and processes that affect health equity and/or constrain what countries can do to address health inequities within their own borders; (2) societal and political structures and relationships that differentially affect peoples chances of being healthy within a given society; (3) interrelationships between factors at the individual level and within the social context that increase or decrease the likelihood of achieving and maintaining good health; (4) characteristics of the health ...
The new multi-year grant positions CMH as a national center of excellence in translating evidence-based research into community-based interventions designed to prevent disease and promote health
Inequities in care delivery and patient outcomes is a moral issue that can impact the functioning and outcomes of hospitals and health systems. Health disparities in a providers patient population can result in legal risks, accreditation failures, lower quality and HCAHPS scores, avoidable utilization, and increased total cost of care. And damaged consumer confidence and brand equity.. Health disparities are typically the result of (1) inequitable care delivery and (2) the impact of unmet social needs. A diverse workforce and an inclusive culture are important first steps towards improving the equity in care delivery, but its not enough. All staff members must be able to care for all patients, but all staff members are at risk of relying on cognitive shortcuts in high stress situations. And even if staff do build trusting, patient-centered relationships, they cant make much clinical headway if patients face non-clinical barriers to health, which can account for up to 50% of health ...
Proactive Community Services (PCS) evidence-based HIV/STI prevention program provides access to comprehensive services for high-risk, hard to reach individuals.. Our services include outreach, testing, counseling, linkages to primary and secondary care, condom distribution, and educational and awareness activities designed to increase knowledge and skills of individuals while reducing the risk for becoming infected or infecting others with HIV or other sexually transmitted infections. Health disparities are still present within African American communities: African Americans are 8.6 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the Non-Hispanic White population and are living below poverty at a rate of 28.1 percent compared to 11.0 percent of non-Hispanic Whites according to the 2012 U.S Census bureau. ...
Background: Publicly funded computed tomography (CT) procedure descriptions in Australia often specify the body site, rather than indication for use. This study aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of demographic versus non-demographic factors in driving the increase in CT services in Australia. Methods: A decomposition analysis was conducted to assess the proportion of additional CT attributable to changing population structure, CT use on a per capita basis (CPC, a proxy for change in practice) and/or cost of CT. Aggregated Medicare usage and billing data were obtained for selected years between 1993/4 and 2012/3. Results: The number of billed CT scans rose from 33 per annum per 1000 of population in 1993/94 (total 572,925) to 112 per 1000 by 2012/13 (total 2,540,546). The respective cost to Medicare rose from $145.7 million to $790.7 million. Change in CPC was the most important factor accounting for changes in CT services (88%) and cost (65%) over the study period. Conclusions: While ...
Article Decomposition analysis of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in selected countries. This article introduces an approach applicable to analysing different factors influencing elements relevant in sustainable development like environmental impa...
Healthcare disparities pose a major challenge to the diverse 21st century America. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of healthcare disparities will rise over the next half century. These trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the healthcare system. Wide disparities exist among groups on the basis of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography. Healthcare disparities have occurred across different regional populations, economic cohorts, and racial/ethnic groups as well as between men and women. Education and income related disparities have also been seen. Social, cultural and economic factors are responsible for inequalities in the healthcare system.. The issue of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare have exploded onto the public stage. The causes of these disparities have been divided into health system factors and patient-provider factors. Health system factors include language and cultural ...
Education, training, and a broad understanding of the social, political, economic, and environmental factors underlying poor health and health disparities are key elements in dealing with neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). We have now completed 3 years of the Harvard-Brazil Collaborative Public Health Field Course, and we believe this model is effective in educating students and in building networks for future research, education, and policy. We developed an innovative course curriculum that is multidisciplinary and multi-institutional and aims to prepare students, faculty, and researchers to find new approaches to reducing the burden of NTDs. Four of the five disease examples covered in the course are NTDs: dengue, leishmaniasis, leptospirosis, and schistosomiasis (the fifth is HIV/AIDS).. Based on interactions with students in the classroom, we concluded that there was a need for students to spend time in settings where these diseases persist to better understand that interventions must draw ...
Back to Health disparities grantee assistance Health disparities grantee assistance For assistance, please contact the Office of Health Equity. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment Office of Health Equity 4300 Cherry Creek Drive South C-1 Denver, CO 80246
Abstract Black-white mortality disparities remain sizable in the United States. In this study, we use the concept of avoidable/amenable mortality to estimate cause-of-death contributions to the difference in life expectancy between whites and blacks by gender in the United States in 1980, 1993, and 2007.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Divergence or convergence? Health inequalities and policy in a devolved Britain. AU - Smith, Kat. AU - Hunter, David J.. AU - Blackman, Tim. AU - Williams, Gareth. AU - McKee, Lorna. AU - Harrington, Barbara. AU - Elliott, Eva. AU - Marks, Linda. AU - Greene, Alex. N1 - Title of VoR differs from the draft version.. PY - 2009/5. Y1 - 2009/5. N2 - Since the advent of political devolution in the UK, it has been widely reported that markedly different health policies have emerged. However, most of these analyses are based on a comparison of health care policies and, as such, only tell part of a complex and evolving story. This paper considers official responses to a shared public health policy aim, the reduction of health inequalities, through an examination of national policy statements produced in England, Scotland and Wales respectively since 1997. The analysis suggests that the relatively consistent manner in which the policy problem of health inequalities has been framed ...
Concerted efforts to prevent or detect colorectal cancer at earlier stages in black patients could improve the worsening black-white disparities uncovered in a recent analysis.
Its not uncommon, viagra sale especially during Black History Month, no rx to hear discussion of disparities in medicine and health care, particularly as they pertain to African Americans. Its easy to read the U.S. Centers for Disease Controls Health Disparities & Inequalities Report and know that a disparity exists, but what does that really mean?. From the CDCs website, here are examples of health disparities:. ...
From the crime-ridden Central American cities to the low-growth countries in Africa and Asia, widespread poverty and inequality are the engines of international immigration
Health,... ...WASHINGTON June 10 -- Today CongresswomanSt... Mr. Chairman I am appreciative of the opportunity to address theimp... This is an issue of great importance not just to my district but to...,Tubbs,Jones,Addresses,Health,Disparities,Issue,During,Hearing,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Temas de actualidad / Current topics Research plan to reduce health disparities in the United States of America1 Key words: Equity, research, ethnic groups, United States of America. The health of persons living in the United States of America has generally improved in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are still noticeable differences between the burdens of illness and death experienced by the majority of the countrys population and by such minorities as African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Asians, and Pacific Islanders. These minority groups suffer from a shorter life expectancy, as well as higher rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, infant mortality, birth defects, asthma, diabetes, stroke, sexually transmitted diseases, and mental illness (see box, The scope of health disparities in the United States). Racial and ethnic minorities now make up some 28% of the population in the United States, but that figure is expected to be almost 40% in 2030. Various ...
This report is a summary of three regional Health Equity Roundtables (June 2014) that convened stakeholders, thought-leaders, and experts in the fields of health equity, tobacco control, public health and chronic disease to provide input on tangible, innovative, and promising practices for implementing the Advancing Health Equity in Tobacco Control strategies in California ...
Today, CDC released new data on social determinants of health among adults diagnosed with HIV infection in an HIV surveillance supplemental report. This ...
The results suggest that socioeconomic disparities exist at multiple stages in the path to smoking cessation. Potential effects on socioeconomic disparities should be considered when implementing cessation interventions.
A total of 56 tests of change in inequalities over time are shown in Tables 2 and 3 for men and women respectively. Results for change in absolute inequalities are shown by Models 3a; change in relative inequalities by Models 3b.. Four tests - the prevalence of raised cholesterol in young men and women - showed no change over time, i.e. no association with IMD. No change in inequalities occurred in 38 tests; statistically significant changes were found in 14. Five tests showed increasing absolute inequalities in obesity in older men and women, diabetes in young men and older women, and physical activity in older women. Three tests showed increasing relative inequalities in obesity in young women and in smoking and healthy eating in older men. Both absolute and relative inequality increased in high blood pressure in young women. Four tests for the prevalence of raised cholesterol showed widening absolute and relative inverse gradients from 1998 onwards in older men and women.. Obesity trends in ...
The fact that people of African descent, many Latino populations and indigenous people are sicker and die younger is well-established. The typical explanations rely on diet and other lifestyle factors like smoking. In the last decade there has even been a renewed emphasis on possible genetic factors that might be implicated in these long-standing health inequalities. This course will consider these explanations against those that focus on the social determinants. The central insight to emerge from the field of social epidemiology is that social status is the strongest predictor of health, determining access to the resources (material and psychological) that are protective of health. Social status ultimately reflects political equality/inequality. This will be a recurring theme in the course. This seminar will explore the following questions: What is the evidence of racial, ethnic and class health inequalities in the United States? What explains the rise in medical research that searches for a ...
Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health care quality have been extensively documented. Recently, the elimination of disparities in health care has become the focus of a national initiative. Yet, there is little effort to monitor and address disparities in health care through organizati …
This infographic illustrates multiple potential pathways leading from race and ethnicity to disparities in health outcomes, mechanisms of health disparities. Chapter 4 of What Pharmacists Need to Know About Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities explores mechanisms and explanations and provides students with tools for understanding this complex topic.. The visual can provoke thought, raise questions, and educate, all at the same time. The infographic suggests pathways, but doesnt cover them all. The student can take this infographic, generate hypotheses, and explore relationships.. For example, a student might begin with the association between race and ethnicity and socio-economic status, and then follow the pathways leading through occupation, income, education or neighborhood, which then lead through variables such environmental exposures, ability to understand health information or health insurance coverage, and then to health outcomes.. Another set of pathways might begin with the ...
In probabilistic logic, the Fréchet inequalities, also known as the Boole-Fréchet inequalities, are rules implicit in the work of George Boole and explicitly derived by Maurice Fréchet that govern the combination of probabilities about logical propositions or events logically linked together in conjunctions (AND operations) or disjunctions (OR operations) as in Boolean expressions or fault or event trees common in risk assessments, engineering design and artificial intelligence. These inequalities can be considered rules about how to bound calculations involving probabilities without assuming independence or, indeed, without making any dependence assumptions whatsoever. The Fréchet inequalities are closely related to the Boole-Bonferroni-Fréchet inequalities, and to Fréchet bounds. If Ai are logical propositions or events, the Fréchet inequalities are Probability of a logical conjunction (&) max(0, P(A1) + P(A2) + ... + P(An) − (n − 1)) ≤ P(A1 & A2 & ... & An) ≤ min(P(A1), P(A2), ...
Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and Perinatal Outcomes - ISBN: 9781441914996 - (ebook) - von Arden Handler, Joan Kennelly, Nadine Peacock, Verlag: Springer
The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for societys most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. ...
Research demonstrates that improving population health and achieving health equity will require broad approaches that address social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health. This brief provides an overview of the broad factors that influence health and describes efforts to address them, including initiatives within Medicaid.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Kantorovich and Cauchy-Schwarz inequalities involving positive semidefinite matrices, and efficiency comparisons for a singular linear model. AU - Liu, Shuangzhe. AU - Neudecker, Heinz. PY - 1997/7/1. Y1 - 1997/7/1. N2 - Matrix Kantorovich inequalities involving two positive semidefinite matrices are presented. Corresponding Cauchy-Schwarz inequalities are discussed. Some of these are used to compare several efficient and inefficient estimators for a singular linear model.. AB - Matrix Kantorovich inequalities involving two positive semidefinite matrices are presented. Corresponding Cauchy-Schwarz inequalities are discussed. Some of these are used to compare several efficient and inefficient estimators for a singular linear model.. UR - U2 - 10.1016/S0024-3795(96)00284-4. DO - 10.1016/S0024-3795(96)00284-4. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:0040560504. VL - 259. SP - 209. EP - 221. JO - Linear Algebra and Its ...
Notice. DISCRIMINATION, EMOTION, AND HEALTH INEQUITIES. Un article de la revue Les ateliers de léthique / The Ethics Forum (Volume 13, numéro 3, automne 2018, p. 1-149) diffusée par la plateforme Érudit.
Majid Ezzati and colleagues analyze US county-level mortality data for 1961 to 1999, and find a steady increase in mortality inequality across counties between 1983 and 1999.
Health,...Estimates of ethnic disparities across a variety of preventive screeni...Kevin Fiscella and colleagues from the University of Rochester School ...The results of Fiscella et al.s study show that with the exception o...,Ethnic,disparities,in,Medicare,claims?,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
MNT: Could you highlight some of the race-related inequities in health that the COVID-19 crisis has brought to light? Are there any inequalities that are specific to COVID-19 in terms of access to resources, testing, treatment options, and so on? Those of us who work in the health disparities space are saddened but not surprised at the race-based disparities that the COVID-19 crisis has brought to light. These disparities have always been there, and we have been talking about them for years. However, these inequalities cannot be ignored against the backdrop of a pandemic. The first thing to point out is that the racialized class and occupational structures of the U.S. are to blame for the fact that many people of color (POC) are far more likely to be exposed to COVID-19.. Due to institutional discrimination (both historical and present day), black and other people of color are more likely to end up in occupations that leave them simultaneously at higher risk of exposure and with a relative lack ...
O'Connell, Joan; Manson, Spero; Yi, Rong; Acton, Kelly; Wilson, Charlton (2010). "Racial Disparities in Health Status" (PDF). ... "Changing Patterns in Health Behaviors and Risk Factors Related to Cardiovascular Disease Among American Indians and Alaska ... Studies have also shown diabetes to be a major health problem in the Navajo Nation; a 1997 study released by the American ... A 2014 collaborative study released by the American Journal of Health, however, conducted a study in the Navajo Nation using a ...
"Rural Health Disparities Linked to Socioeconomic Status, Care Access". HealthItAnalytics. Retrieved 7 March 2021. Housing ... mental health, socioeconomic status, physical ability, or any other socially significant identifiers. Diversity in a rural ... Implications for rural health research and policy". SSM - population health. 6: 72-74. doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.08.009. ... The main causes for this disparity is socioeconomic deprivation, higher rates of uninsured persons, and a lack of and access to ...
Reisser, Peggy (2020-02-14). "UTHSC Researcher's Career Focused on Reducing Health Disparities in her Hometown". UTHSC News. ... "Newsletter of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession: Board Member Biography--Shelley White-Means". ... "Investigators Earn $1.3 Million Grant for Health Disparities Research". December 24, 2009. Retrieved 2020-09-27 ... Shelley White-Means is an American health economist who is a Professor at The University of Tennessee Health Science Center ( ...
Segregation, health risks, and wealth disparities all relate to poverty. According to a study in the Journal of Economics, ... In 1988, disability and familial status (the presence or anticipated presence of children under 18 in a household) were added ( ... The differences in temperature contribute to health disparities and premature heat-related deaths. Neighborhood effects are ... Poor areas suffer from educational disparities, and a poor education translates into earnings disparities. Those who earn less ...
These health effects are not equally distributed across the U.S population; there are demographic disparities by race, ... Socioeconomic Status (SES) is an individual's or group's sociological and economic status in society. Low socioeconomic status ... "Socioeconomic Status". Retrieved 2017-04-24. "Health, Income, and Inequality". Retrieved 2017-04-24. ... People of lower socioeconomic status may more frequently have poor health, thus the effects of air pollution can incur ...
These health effects are not equally distributed across the U.S population; there are demographic disparities by race, ... ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and education. Air pollution has affected the United States since the beginning of the ... Used electronics are the quickest-growing source of waste and can have serious health impacts. The United States is the world ... Mine safety incidents have been important parts of American occupational safety and health history. Mining has a number of ...
Other reviews have found not enough evidence to determine if water fluoridation reduces oral-health social disparities. Health ... "The impact of socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity on dental health". Sociol Perspect. 50 (1): 7-25. doi:10.1525/sop.2007.50 ... Petersen PE (June 2008). "World Health Organization global policy for improvement of oral health--World Health Assembly 2007". ... Vargas CM, Ronzio CR (June 2006). "Disparities in early childhood caries". BMC Oral Health. 6 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1): S3. doi: ...
"Environmental Health Disparities: A Framework Integrating Psychosocial and Environmental Concepts". Environmental Health ... this puts them at risk to environmentally racist practices that are detrimental to their health. Economic statuses and ... Health implications of living in proximity to mining operations include effects such as pregnancy complications, mental health ... Environmental racism impacts the health of the communities affected by poor environments. Various factors that can cause health ...
"Can neighborhood green space mitigate health inequalities? A study of socio-economic status and mental health". Health & Place ... Health disparities existing within and amongst communities make this issue of paramount importance. The correlation between ... The World Health Organization considers urban green spaces as important to human health. These areas have a positive impact on ... Kingsley, Marianne (April 2019). "Commentary - Climate change, health and green space co-benefits". Health Promotion and ...
"Disparities in Distribution of Particulate Matter Emission Sources by Race and Poverty Status". American Journal of Public ... "Urban Air Pollution and Health Inequities: A Workshop Report". Environmental Health Perspectives. 109 (s3): 357-374. 1 June ... Another complexity not entirely documented is how the shape of PM can affect health, except for the needle-like shape of ... Particulate mass is not a proper measure of the health hazard, because one particle of 10 μm diameter has approximately the ...
LGBT minority group health disparities Healthcare inequality LGBT people in prison#Health care Minority stress and health ... Holding the status of being not only transgender, but also Mexican and seeking asylum likely compounds health issues. Asylum ... which all contribute to health disparities. LGBT health outcomes are strongly influenced by social support networks, peers, and ... "Out for Health" Center of Excellence for Transgender Health Publications on health and social care compiled by research from ...
Health disparities[edit]. A recent study conducted by the London School of Economics revealed that Afro-Colombians are at an ... Health inequality has negatively affected many minorities in Colombia; particularly those from a very low socioeconomic status ... This reveals the health disparities among minority groups in Colombia in comparison with the rest of the population.[42] ... 74.6% of non-minorities groups characterized their health status as very good and good while 30.7% vs. 22.7% of indigenous and ...
Research areas include Biobehavioral Sciences, Biologic Sciences, Health Disparities/Vulnerable Populations, and Health ... the school offers summer research programs and accepts applications from all qualified nursing students with junior status from ... The school is housed in the Doris and Louis Factor Health Sciences Building, known as the Factor Building, on the south end of ... In 1932 a group of public health nurses advocated for a Department of Nursing Education to be established in the College of ...
Health disparities exist between the Latino and non-Latino populations. Latinos are twice as likely as non-Latinos to say that ... including immigration status, language fluency, and cultural acceptance. In 2019, the Baltimore officials approved using funds ... "Health disparities found for Baltimore Latinos". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-05-12. "Struggling with A Population Decline ... The Highlandtown Community Health Center has a bilingual staff and provides preventative care and treatment to the Latino ...
Uninsured undocumented immigrants are ineligible for coverage options due to their immigration status. Health care access: Lack ... There are well-documented disparities in myocardial infarction survival by socioeconomic status, race, education, and census- ... World Health Organization (2008). The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update. Geneva: World Health Organization. ISBN 978-92-4- ... June 2010). "Prevention of cardiovascular disease - NICE public health guidance 25". London: National Institute for Health and ...
... and other measures of socioeconomic status). In contrast, the recent attention on decreasing health disparities uses race and ... and Health Disparities. National Academies Press. National Research Council (US) Panel on Race, Ethnicity, and Health in Later ... They argue that overemphasizing genetic contributions to health disparities carries various risks such as reinforcing ... Thus, a more fluid treatment allows for the construction of race as an achieved status rather than an ascribed status as is the ...
These indicators suggest strong gender-based disparities in areas of reproductive health, economic functioning, and overall ... In 2000, the law was amended by "The Law on Reorganization of Certain Terms and Procedures of Litigation in Personal Status ... Literacy rates for young adults (15- to 24-year-olds) show some gender-based disparity. As of 2011, overall literacy rates were ... Marriage is the formal institution wherein women's different legal status is most apparent. Official age of consent for ...
"Urbanization, urban poverty and health of the urban poor: status, challenges and the way forward." Demography India 36.1 (2007 ... Within urban environments, there are a number of disparities with regards to access to these services. For example, as of 2006 ... Economic status is highly correlated to water and sanitation service access in urban environments. But economic status is often ... "Social Determinants of Children's Health in Urban Areas in India." Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 20.4A ( ...
These disparities can be explained by factors such as socioeconomic status, air pollution, and access to health care. A birth ... "Health Science Center ranks sixth in clinical medicine". XL (7 ed.). University of Texas Health Science Center. April 3, 2007. ... "Explore Health Measures in Texas , 2017 Annual Report". America's Health Rankings. Retrieved November 13, 2018. Texas ... The Texas Department of State Health Services manages state government projects in Texas. The health insurance marketplace for ...
Mental health disorders are an important health problem for those of low socioeconomic status; they are two to five times more ... Access to health insurance and preventative medical services are one of the main reasons for socioeconomic health disparities. ... Deaths at older ages, they maintain, are more related to detrimental health-related behaviors and health status at younger ages ... Low socioeconomic status is almost universally associated with worse population health and higher death rates everywhere in the ...
Gershoff, E.T. & Font, S.A. (2016). "Corporal punishment in U.S. public schools: Prevalence, disparities in use, and status in ... A position paper of the Society for Adolescent Medicine". J Adolesc Health. 13 (3): 240-6. doi:10.1016/1054-139X(92)90097-U. ... Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health". Pediatrics. 101 (4 Pt 1): 723-8. doi:10.1542/peds.101.4.723. ... "Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health Position Statement on corporal punishment" (PDF). November 2009. Lynch, M. ( ...
"Work, Stress and Health & Socioeconomic Status". Retrieved 2019-11-22. Cohen, Sheldon; Janicki-Deverts, Denise ( ... "Do Daily Stress Processes Account for Socioeconomic Health Disparities?". The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. 60 (Special_ ... Low status groups do have a poorer diet, and they do experience more stress compared to high status groups. On average, low ... Vlismas, K.; Stavrinos, V.; Panagiotakos, D. B. (2009). "Socioeconomic status, dietary habits and health-related outcomes in ...
Thus, improvements in the socioeconomic status and the decrease in disparity and health inequality are detrimental if the ... Health issues affecting Aboriginal Australians, including the incidence of type 2 diabetes, are often likened to disparities in ... has led to disparity and inequity of health between Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal people. The history of Aboriginal ... this has seen a rapid decline in their health status. Forced to assimilate into a white, European Society, Aboriginal people ...
Socioeconomic status is the interaction between social and economic factors. It has been demonstrated that sociodemographic ... This has many downstream effects, but the most prominent of these is the toll on cardiovascular health. Metabolite profiles of ... LGBT elders face numerous disparities as they approach end-of-life. The transgender community fears the risk of hate crime, ... This may be because families of higher socioeconomic status are equipped to provide their children with resources early on to ...
At King's College, Hatch has studied urban mental health, health inequalities and disparities in how people access mental ... TIDES evaluates how various protected characteristics (socioeconomic status, gender, ethnicity, migration status) create ... Her research consider urban mental health and inequality in mental health provision. Hatch studied psychology at Indiana ... Hatch also looked at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adult mental health, showing that the lockdown and associated ...
... but also gender status. For example, in China, health disparities have distinguished medical treatment for men and women due to ... "Health Gradient , EuroHealthNet". "A Nation Free of Disparities in Health and Health Care" (PDF). U.S. Department of Health and ... on Minority Health and Health Disparities Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved Understanding Health Disparities ... Health equity, sometimes also referred to as health disparity, is defined as differences in the quality of health and ...
Ethnic disparities in health statuses among different communities is also a cause of concern. Community coalition-driven ... Community health agent Community mental health service Online health communities Prison reform University of Community Health, ... Community health can also be improved with improvements in individuals' environments. Community health status is determined by ... Community health, even population health, is not encouraged as health sectors in developing countries are not able to link the ...
Women are given equal rights under the Constitution of Ghana, yet disparities in education, employment, and health for women ... The status of women in Ghana and their roles in Ghanaian society has changed over the past few decades. There has been a slow ... implications for health promotion". BMC Women's Health. 18 (1): 129. doi:10.1186/s12905-018-0621-1. ISSN 1472-6874. PMC 6108099 ... The Ministry of Health and the Ghana AIDS Commission have helped to create policy to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Studies ...
Despite the overall good status of health, the disparities occurring in the Australian healthcare system are a problem. The ... and listings of health services Health care in Australia Immigrant health in Australia Indigenous health in Australia Child ... "The health status of a country incorporates a number of different measures to indicate the overall level of health. It is more ... Australia is a high income country, and this is reflected in the good status of health of the population overall. In 2011, ...
... occupational health and safety standards, complaint procedures, rules governing status of employees including promotions, just ... "A 2011 study drew a link between the decline in union membership since 1973 and expanding wage disparity. Those trends have ... This lack of status can range from non-recognition of a union to political or criminal prosecution of union activists and ... A union may acquire the status of a "juristic person" (an artificial legal entity), with a mandate to negotiate with employers ...
Thus, in order to break down the racial disparities these schools were intended to dismantle, magnet school programs have to be ... DeBakey High School for Health Professions in Houston, Texas is a magnet school specializing in medical sciences ... The Missouri Board of Education voted unanimously to withdraw the district's educational accreditation status from January 1, ...
Eron, Carol (1979). "Women in Medicine and Health Care". In O'Neill, Lois Decker. The Women's Book of World Records and ... Historians accept Moravian as the oldest-though not continuously operational because of its current co-ed status-specifically ... Girls only needed to read (especially religious materials). This educational disparity between reading and writing explains why ... "homemaking to the status of a respectable--though definitely female--occupation."[33] Social work, child development, and ...
The U.S. Sentencing Commission first called for reform of the 100:1 sentencing disparity in 1994 after a year-long study on the ... Bill Summary & Status - 111th Congress (2009-2010) - S.1789 - CRS Summary,, accessed October 10, 2010. ... public health data has found that two-thirds of crack users are white or Hispanic. Third, the Act does not reduce sentences for ... The law also contained minimum sentences and other disparities between the two forms of the drug. In the three decades prior to ...
Hilliard JW, Johnson ME (2004). "State practice acts of licensed health professions: scope of practice". DePaul J Health Care ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b c d Haynes MJ, Vincent K, Fischhoff C, Bremner AP, Lanlo O, Hankey GJ ... there seems to be a disparity between some schools and available evidence regarding the aspect of radiography for patients with ... Mainstream health care and governmental organizations such as the World Health Organization consider chiropractic to be ...
Education and health[edit]. Main articles: Education in Brazil and Health care in Brazil ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ a b Japan Bank for International Cooperation report, November 2005, " ... Schooling among women 25-29 years has shown an even greater disparity. Among the less educated, 16.3% had no children, while ... and also public health institutions personnel and health students. The study showed that Brazilians from different regions are ...
Powell, M.L. Status and Health in Prehistory: A Case Study of the Moundville Chiefdom. Washington, DC: Smithson Inst., 1988. ... and that this disparity increases as societies become more unequal. Some status differences in society do not necessarily mean ... Dental hypoplasias provide an indicator of health status during the time in childhood when the enamel of the tooth crown is ... Higher rates of cribia orbitalia among females may indicate lesser health status, or greater survival of young females with ...
1.2 Health effects of nuclear testing. *1.3 Current status of U.S. nuclear testing ... Further evidence of sex-based disparities in radiation-induced cancers was published in the 2006 report by the National ... Overview of Hanford and Radiation Health Effects - Hanford Health Information Network - WA State Dept. of Health Archived ... Health effects of nuclear testing[edit]. The earliest concerns raised about the health effects of exposure to nuclear fallout ...
"Exploring the Intersection of Mental Health and Release Status with Recidivism" (PDF), Justice Quarterly, 31: 746-766, doi: ... Hartney, C. and Vuong, L. "Created Equal: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the US Criminal Justice System" (2009). ... "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08.. ... "Evid Based Mental Health. 12 (2): 33-36. doi:10.1136/ebmh.12.2.33. Archived from the original on 2014-05-27.. ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ Johnson, S., 2004. An empirical examination of union density in six ... "A 2011 study drew a link between the decline in union membership since 1973 and expanding wage disparity. Those trends have ... health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a ... This lack of status can range from non-recognition of a union to political or criminal prosecution of union activists and ...
Committee on Lesbian Health Research Priorities; Neuroscience and Behavioral Health Program; Health Sciences Policy Program, ... As equality was a priority for lesbian-feminists, disparity of roles between men and women or butch and femme were viewed as ... and used their outlaw status to form social circles in Paris and Berlin. Lesbian began to describe elements of a subculture.[18 ... Neuroscience and Behavioral Health Program [and] Health Sciences Policy Program, Health Sciences Section, Institute of Medicine ...
... ... RONI CARYN RABIN, "Disparities: Study Finds Risk in Off-Label Prescribing"[1] ... Sorel L; Mechler L; Harmant J. (1981). "Comparative trial of intravenous lorazepam and clonazepam im status epilepticus". 》Clin ... Evidence-Based Mental Health》 8 (1): 7. doi:10.1136/ebmh.8.1.7. PMID 15671498.. ...
"Disparities in Abortion Rates: A Public Health Approach". American Journal of Public Health. 103 (10): 1773. doi:10.2105/ajph. ... Current legal statusEdit. Federal legislationEdit. Since 1995, led by congressional Republicans, the U.S. House of ... Legal in case of danger to woman's health (2). Legal in case of danger to woman's health, rape or incest, or likely damaged ... "Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, a publication of the Guttmacher Institute: Digests. 36 (3): 133. doi:10.1111/j. ...
Health problems with the highest disparity (compared with the non-Indigenous population) in incidence[220] are outlined in the ... The Tent Embassy was given heritage status in 1995, and celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2012,[92] making it the longest, ... HealthEdit. Further information: Indigenous health in Australia. Indigenous Australians were twice as likely to report their ... In health services, Kelvin Kong became the first Indigenous surgeon in 2006 and is an advocate of Indigenous health issues.[251 ...
Gold D.R., Wright R. (2005)։ «Population disparities in asthma»։ Annu Rev Public Health 26: 89-113։ PMID 15760282։ doi:10.1146/ ... 101,0 101,1 Shah R., Saltoun, C. A. (May-Jun 2012)։ «Chapter 14: Acute severe asthma (status asthmaticus)»։ Allergy and Asthma ... 30,0 30,1 editors Andrew Harver, Harry Kotses (2010)։ Asthma, health and society a public health perspective։ New York: ... American Lung Association (June 2001)։ «Urban air pollution and health inequities: a workshop report.»։ Environmental Health ...
Public healthEdit. Further information: Sanitation § Health_aspects. The negative public health impacts of open defecation are ... Legal statusEdit. In certain jurisdictions, open or public defecation is a criminal offense which can be punished with a fine ... and large disparities between rich and poor.[3](p11) ... Wikipedia's health care articles can be viewed offline with the ... Research from India has shown that detrimental health impacts (particularly for early life health) are even more significant ...
The LCME cited curricular issues as a central feature that prompted the probationary status [39] ... MESA: Center for Health Disparities. *Nathan Shock Center of Excellence in the Basic Biology of Aging ... The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, d/b/a UT Health San Antonio is an institute of health science ... UT Health San Antonio is the largest health sciences university in South Texas. UT Health San Antonio serves San Antonio and ...
Social issues such as racial profiling,[123] the racial disparity in sentencing,[124] higher rates of poverty,[125] lower ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Kim Pearson *^ "Root shock: The consequences of African American ... As a result, more health-conscious African Americans are using alternative methods of preparation, eschewing trans fats in ... "Racial Disparity in Sentencing: A Review of the Literature" (PDF). The Sentencing Project. Archived from the original (PDF) on ...
National Health Interview SurveyEdit. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) provides information on the health status of ... disparities in the use and quality of care; and diffusion of health care technologies, including drugs, surgical procedures, ... NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health ... and health-related behaviors. National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyEdit. The National Health and Nutrition ...
"Two questions can reveal mobility problems in seniors - Harvard Health Blog - Harvard Health Publications". ... In the Modern period, the "cultural status" of old people has declined in many cultures.[103]:7 Joan Erikson observed that " ... In most parts of the world women live, on average, longer than men; even so, the disparities vary between 12 years in Russia to ... Audiometric results from the 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey". Health Reports. 26 (7): 18-25. PMID 26177043.. ...
Public health also takes various actions to limit the health disparities between different areas of the country and, in some ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). *^ "The Top 10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2013". ... Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, and occupational health are also important areas of public health. ... Mental health. Main article: Mental health. The World Health Organization describes mental health as "a state of well-being in ...
Resolving these problems can bring about improvement in an individual's mental health status and anxiety levels.[26][27] ... However, disparities were found among the different types of recovery workers.[214][215] The rate of probable PTSD for first ... "World Health Organization. Retrieved 15 November 2018.. *^ a b c d Brewin, Chris R.; Cloitre, Marylène; Hyland, Philip; Shevlin ... "Measuring trauma and health status in refugees: a critical review". JAMA. 288 (5): 611-21. doi:10.1001/jama.288.5.611. PMID ...
Health institutions. Baylor College of Medicine. UH College of Medicine. UTHealth. MD Anderson Cancer Center. Texas A&M Health ... Status[edit]. Being part of The University of Texas System, MD Anderson Cancer Center is managed under a nonprofit structure; ... healthcare disparities, diversity and advocacy, histotechnology, medical dosimetry, molecular genetic technology, diagnostic ... "HEALTH AFFAIRS COMMITTEE: Committee Chairman Oxford". The University of Texas System. August 9, 2001. Archived from the ...
"Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2 (1): 34-42. doi:10.1007/s40615-014-0045-z. ISSN 2196-8837. PMID 26863239.. ... AFR/RC39/R1 and AFR/RC40/R9 attempted to improve the status of mental health care in specific African regions to combat its ... U.S. Public Health Service (1999). "Overview of Mental Health Services". Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. ... "What is Mental Health and Mental Illness? , Workplace Mental Health Promotion". Workplace Mental Health Promotion.. ...
a b Gold DR, Wright R (2005). "Population disparities in asthma". Annu Rev Public Health 26: 89-113. PMID 15760282. doi:10.1146 ... a b Shah, R; Saltoun, CA (2012 May-Jun). "Chapter 14: Acute severe asthma (status asthmaticus).". Allergy and asthma ... a b editors, Andrew Harver, Harry Kotses, (2010). Asthma, health and society a public health perspective. New York: Springer. ... "Environ Health Perspect 116 (7): 845-53. PMC 2453150. PMID 18629304. doi:10.1289/ehp.10846. Cite uses deprecated parameter , ...
Health. Main article: Gender disparities in health. Although in general men suffer from many of the same illnesses as women, ... Anthropology has shown that masculinity itself has social status, just like wealth, race and social class. In Western culture, ... This article is missing information about men's clothing, education, family lives, health, history, and work. Please expand the ... "World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014.. *. Halberstam, Judith (2004). "'Female masculinity' ...
... of an individual's health status. The unique status of genetic information and inherited disease has a number of ramifications ... Cooper RS, "Genetic factors in ethnic disparities in health," in Anderson NB, Bulatao RA, Cohen B, eds., Critical perspectives ... and health outcomes. Association studies can produce spurious results if cases and controls have differing allele frequencies ... to search for interactions between particular alleles and environmental factors that might influence health.[37][38] ...
World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.11. ISBN 9283204298. *↑ ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ ۳٫۵ "Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ ... The UCSF Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment (CAPRA) score predicts both pathologic status and recurrence after surgery. It ... Disparities also extend into areas such as detection, with governments failing to fund or mandate prostate cancer screening ... World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.11. ISBN 9283204298.. *^ a b "SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Prostate Cancer". NCI. ...
CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 April 2014 ... "Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2009: 1-5. doi:10.1155/2009/281876. PMC 2778824. PMID 19936128.. ... an intentional disparity that reflects the varying actual percentage. Until late 2010, fuel retailers were only authorized to ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) *^ Reyes, J. W. (2007). "The Impact of Childhood Lead Exposure on Crime". ...
There is a clear pattern of the purchasing power parity method decreasing the disparity in GDP between high and low income (GDP ... These inequalities often occur on the lines of race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or other minority status within countries. ... The dimensions of the index included health, economic, workplace, income, jobs, housing, civic engagement, life satisfaction ... the evaluation framework included GDP per capita, Gini (income inequality), life satisfaction, health, freedom of life choices ...
Interpersonal and institutional racial biases are the principal reasons for racial disparities in accessing health care and ... Yearby, Ruqaiijah, Racial Disparities in Accessing Health Care and Health Status (December 31, 2011). Sage Debates in Health ... Racial Disparities in Accessing Health Care and Health Status. Sage Debates in Health Care, 2012 ... in Health Care that was supposed to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities in six key areas of health status, including ...
... and others who strive to improve the health of the public through chronic disease prevention. ... and others who strive to improve the health of the public through chronic disease prevention. ... is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. ... is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. ...
Disparities Data Details AH-5.5 by Health Insurance Status for 2016 Read a Users Guide to Health Disparities ... Summary measures of health disparities by Health Insurance Status - 2016*The best group rate for this objective, 32.5%, was ... Detailed measures of health disparities by Health Insurance Status - 2016. Persons with public insurance achieved the best ... Disparities Details by Health Insurance Status for 2016 AH-5.5 : Adolescents who consider school work to be meaningful and ...
Disparities Data Details C-16 by Health Insurance Status for 2018 Read a Users Guide to Health Disparities ... Summary measures of health disparities by Health Insurance Status - 2018*The best group rate for this objective, 64.3%, was ... Detailed measures of health disparities by Health Insurance Status - 2018. Persons aged under 65 years with private insurance ... Disparities Details by Health Insurance Status for 2018 C-16 : Adults receiving colorectal cancer screening based on the most ...
Hispanic adults rated their health status approximately equally across the three health status categories: very good or ... Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Self-Rated Health Status Among Adults With and Without Disabilities -- United States, 2004 -- 2006 ... Shi L, Green LH, Kazakova S. Primary care experience and racial disparities in self-reported health status. J Am Board Fam ... To assess self-rated health status, participants were asked, Would you say that in general your health is excellent, very good ...
The World Health Report 2000: health systems: improving performance  World Health Assembly, 53 (‎World Health Organization, ... Browsing WHA53 by Subject "Health Status Disparities". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R ... World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2013)‎ ... Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region  ...
"Health Status Disparities" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Health Status Disparities" was a major ... "Health Status Disparities" by people in Profiles.. * Associations of healthy lifestyle and socioeconomic status with mortality ... "Health Status Disparities" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Health Status Disparities*Health Status Disparities. *Disparities, Health Status. *Disparity, Health Status ...
... by smoking status, among adults in the United States.We used 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES ... with health care utilization.After controlling for demographic characteristics, current smokers and former smokers who quit ... data from 15,332 adults.Multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine the relationship between smoking status (current ... The objective of this study was to assess disparities in health care utilization, ...
... in health disparities research may help illuminate the independent role of race in health differences between Blacks and Whites ... Race Socioeconomic status Health disparities Clergy Propensity score matching This is a preview of subscription content, log in ... Disentangling Race and Socioeconomic Status in Health Disparities Research: an Examination of Black and White Clergy. ... Sophisticated adjustments for socioeconomic status (SES) in health disparities research may help illuminate the independent ...
Longitudinal analysis of health disparities in childhood Marije Oosterhoff, Manuela A. Joore, Nina H.M. Bartelink, Bjorn ... Copyright © 2018 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. All rights reserved.. 京ICP备15042040号 ...
Health care disparities in the acute management of venous thromboembolism based on insurance status in the U.S.. Misky GJ1, ... This study examined VTE care in hospital patients and investigated differences based on insurance status. We performed a ... Additional research is needed to explain these disparities, and to explore system improvements for the uninsured VTE patient. ... We reviewed medical records for demographics, insurance, admission status, length of stay (LOS), and 30-day Emergency ...
Health Care Costs Health Services Accessibility - economics - statistics & numerical data Health Status Disparities Health ... Health Manpower - statistics & numerical data Health Policy Health Status Disparities Healthcare Disparities - ethnology - ... Delivery of Health Care - utilization Female Health Status Disparities Health Surveys Humans Indians, North American - ... Health Services Accessibility - statistics & numerical data Health services needs and demand Health Status Disparities Humans ...
... and Socioeconomic Status: Examining Health Disparities from an Occupational Perspective - ... Research conducted in the United States on racial/ethnic health disparities and socioeconomic status (SES) has not fully ... Job Complexity, Race, and Socioeconomic Status: Examining Health Disparities from an Occupational Perspective. Posted on ... 3 comments on "Job Complexity, Race, and Socioeconomic Status: Examining Health Disparities from an Occupational Perspective" ...
RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series: Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status (SES) ... RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series: Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status (SES) ... The RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series is composed of a wide selection of ... The RAND Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) Data Core Series is composed of a wide selection of ...
... we are addressing the health disparities and improving the health of those with the greatest needs in Wake County. ... 5.1%) (Data from the National Health Interview Survey). *The poor were more than nine times more likely than those in middle ... A limited supply of health care providers presents further impediments to access for many low-income urban and rural poor ... Friends, Alliance is caring for the uninsured with comprehensive health care in a way that has produced proven results and ...
Education Elderly Emergency Preparedness Employment Exercise Health Care Health Care Professionals Health Disparities Health ... Race/ethnic and nativity disparities in later life physical performance: the role of health and socioeconomic status over the ... Childhood health and SES as well as more proximal levels of SES are important determinants of race/ethnic disparities in later ... We also examine whether detailed measures of childhood and adult health and socioeconomic status (SES) mediate race/ethnic ...
We undertook this prospective cohort study to determine the independent contributions of socioeconomic status (SES), health ... but the factors related to these disparities have not been fully elucidated. ... Pervasive health disparities continue to exist among racial/ethnic minority groups, ... health behaviors, and health insurance in explaining racial/ethnic disparities in mortality and health declines. Our study ...
... is it race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status? Results from the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) survey.. ... is it race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status? Results from the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) survey. Ethnicity & disease ... Link, Carol L and McKinlay, John B (2009) Disparities in the prevalence of diabetes: ... Minority Health and Health Equity Archive * Minority Health and Health Equity Archive ...
Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self-efficacy. ... Read online: Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self- ... Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self-efficacy ... The authors concluded that disparity in CPAP adherence demonstrated between Māori and non-Māori can be explained in part by ...
Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota. Mayo ... Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota. In: ... Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota. / Wi, ... T1 - Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Disparities in a Mixed Rural-Urban US Community - Olmsted County, Minnesota ...
Racial/ethnic disparities in insurance coverage, health status, and parental satisfaction with health care were found for young ... Adjusted ORs and Mean Differences for Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health, Health Care, and Interactions With Health Care ... Adjusted ORs and Mean Differences for Disparities in Health, Health Care, and Interactions With Health Care Providers for ... 5 Parental ratings of child health status generally are considered to be an acceptable proxy for child health status and have ...
... disability status, and sexual orientation.. 2. Why do Health and Health Care Disparities Matter?. Disparities in health and ... 1. What are Health and Health Care Disparities?. Health and health care disparities refer to differences in health and health ... 1. What are Health and Health Care Disparities?. Health and health care disparities refer to differences in health and health ... Disparities in Health and Health Care: Five Key Questions and Answers. Disparities in Health and Health Care: Five Key ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R ... Gender and health in the Western Pacific Region  World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific (Manila : ...
Pivot Health Survey Finds Short-Term Health Insurance Demand Has Increased For Uninsured. By Colleen McGuire ... Home / Press Releases / COVID-19 Study Reveals Age, Wealth and Social Status Disparities When Analyzing Behaviors Dealing With ... COVID-19 Study Reveals Age, Wealth and Social Status Disparities When Analyzing Behaviors Dealing With Pandemic. ... However, there were disparities in behavior by age groups and education levels. Among those 55 and older, almost eight in ten ...
Health May 10, 2012. Disparities In Treatment Of Children In The Emergency Department Based On Their Insurance Status. by ... it is uncertain how or why a childs insurance status could be associated with care decisions in the ED." Although the authors ... there was no difference in the level of treatment based on insurance status among children with significant illnesses. ... Medicaid or State Childrens Health Insurance Program), and 12% had no insurance. Compared with children with private insurance ...
In 2012, VA established the Office of Health Equity to identify and address health care outcome disparities and to develop an ... has taken steps to reduce disparities in health care outcomes linked to race and ethnicity, but lacks mechanisms to measure ... However, GAO found that the extent of VAs progress in implementing the action plan and advancing health equity is unknown ... VA has identified worse health care outcomes for some diseases among racial and ethnic minority veterans. For example, VA ...
Health disparities refer to differences in the health status of different groups of people. Read more. ... National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities * Office of Minority Health and Health Equity (OMHHE) (Centers for ... Health Disparities is the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities ... Indian Health Disparities (Indian Health Service) * National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports (Agency for Healthcare ...
... working conditions in producing socioeconomic health disparities and trends of increasing socioeconomic health disparities, ... contributing to interventions to reduce such disparities, and helping to improve public education materials on this subject. ... Occupational health researchers can play a pivotal role in increasing our understanding of the role of physical and ... socioeconomic status; health disparities; working conditions; occupational health disparities ...
  • Race contributed to health disparities in some outcomes in our study population, above and beyond our measures of participants' present SES and key demographic, occupational, and physical activity variables. (
  • Many groups are at disproportionate risk of being uninsured, lacking access to care, and experiencing worse health outcomes. (
  • Dr. Mannix reminds us that "because ED physicians are salaried or paid by the hour, it is uncertain how or why a child's insurance status could be associated with care decisions in the ED." Although the authors speculate that the disparities could be due to a variety of reasons, they note that further studies are needed to assess insurance-associated outcomes. (
  • Mirroring trends seen across the United States, VA has identified worse health care outcomes for some diseases among racial and ethnic minority veterans. (
  • The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has taken steps to reduce disparities in health care outcomes linked to race and ethnicity, but lacks mechanisms to measure progress and ensure accountability for results. (
  • VA funds research efforts that have identified disparities in health care outcomes involving minority veterans, but rely on data that VA officials and researchers noted have weaknesses in completeness and accuracy. (
  • Further, VA officials reported that data weaknesses limit their ability to identify and address disparities in health care outcomes in their medical centers. (
  • Without doing so, VA medical center officials cannot readily identify and address disparities in health care outcomes by race and ethnicity. (
  • VA has identified racial and ethnic disparities in its health care outcomes, mirroring trends seen across the United States. (
  • GAO's report examines, among other issues, (1) the extent to which VA has taken steps to advance health equity for racial and ethnic minority veterans, and (2) VA's efforts to use race and ethnicity data to identify and address disparities in health care outcomes involving minority veterans. (
  • public health analysis have increasingly focused on how social determinants of health influence health outcomes and disparities (Clarke, C. E., Niederdeppe, J., & Lundell, H. C., 2012). (
  • In addition, the study also aims to measure the relations between density of health resources and health outcomes. (
  • State-level data on health resources and health outcomes obtained from the Sudan Health Statistical Report of 2016 were used to calculate inequality indices, drawing Lorenz curves, and calculating Spearman's correlation analysis between health resource density and health-related outcomes. (
  • Moreover, the government needs to use health resource allocation models that take into account the population size and health outcomes variables in each state in future health strategies. (
  • Moreover, many studies show that there is a positive correlation between the availability of health resources and health outcomes represented by life expectancy and mortality rates (6,7). (
  • The Diabetes Quality Improvement Program (DQIP) groups specified a set of eight process and outcomes measures that were measured at the individual patient level and aggregated across the patient samples of health plans, physicians, or other units. (
  • This article presents data on demographic and health indicators of Native Americans, discusses possible reasons for relatively poor health outcomes, and makes recommendations for research and practice. (
  • The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine seeks experts to plan a workshop on the influence of environmental exposure on health outcomes. (
  • Drawing on emerging hypotheses about causal mechanisms that link early adversity with lifelong impairments in learning, behavior, and health, this paper proposes an enhanced theory of change to promote better outcomes for vulnerable, young children by strengthening caregiver and community capacities to reduce or mitigate the impacts of toxic stress, rather than simply providing developmental enrichment for the children and parenting education for their mothers. (
  • A life-course study might examine child or adolescent health as intermediate outcomes while investigating links between childhood experiences and adult health. (
  • Inequities include barriers to healthcare access that produce poorer health outcomes compared to non-Indigenous groups. (
  • These statements helped grantees build their capacity to collect and use data to develop strategies addressing differential access, utilization, and outcomes of behavioral health interventions among diverse populations. (
  • The purpose of the present study is to investigate effects of insurance status on outcomes of CML by analyzing data from National cancer database. (
  • Further research is necessary how the disparities associated with different types of insurance result in inferior treatment outcomes and how they can be addressed. (
  • Furthermore, increased focus has recently turned toward modifiable aspects of the environment, including physical characteristics, such as neighborhood air pollution, to reduce disparities in birth outcomes. (
  • Distribution of secondary medical problems, impairments, and participation limitations among adults with disabilities and their relationship to health and other outcomes. (
  • Gary Puckrein, Ph.D., President and CEO of the National Minority Quality Forum in Washington D.C., said while he agreed with the study's methodology, he questioned whether they were looking at the same data regarding racial disparities and outcomes of atrial fibrillation. (
  • While I believe this is a good study, the way I see it is if you have two population groups and both the same disease, and therapy works well in both groups, but one has worse outcomes, it raises the question: is this due to health care disparities or something else? (
  • They're at higher risk of certain conditions, have less access to health care, and have worse health outcomes. (
  • To examine ways in which technology is being used by historically underserved populations to decrease health disparities through facilitating or improving health care access and health and wellness outcomes. (
  • Our findings suggest a need to begin to examine health outcomes for minority residents in other unincorporated communities. (
  • The task force also discerned that minorities experience significantly poorer health outcomes when compared to their white counterparts. (
  • Because of these disparities, the U.S. Secretary created the federal Office of Minority Health to continually monitor minority health issues and to recommend ways to improve the health status and outcomes for minorities. (
  • Our findings suggest that unmet nursing care varies widely across US hospitals and that older blacks disproportionately receive care in settings where care is missed more often," comments lead author J. Margo Brooks-Carthon, PhD, RN, of University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing's Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research (CHOPR). (
  • A recent comparative effectiveness review conducted by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality failed to establish efficacy for various cultural competency training interventions on any number of health outcomes among diverse racial/ethnic patient populations. (
  • Chi-square tests were used to compare self-rated health status between racial/ethnic populations and by disability status. (
  • Nearly 84% of the total U.S. adult population reported having good or better health, but substantial variation was observed in self-rated health status across racial/ethnic populations. (
  • White and Asian adults had similar rates of self-rated fair or poor health (12.9% and 10.4%, respectively), whereas fair or poor health was reported more frequently among other minority populations: 21.1% among blacks, 14.8% among Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders, and 24.5% among AI/ANs. (
  • Federal efforts to reduce disparities focus on designated priority populations who are vulnerable to health and health care disparities, including people of color, low-income groups, women, children, older adults, individuals with special health care needs, and individuals living in rural and inner-city areas. (
  • The bills listed below have been introduced to address the social determinants of health and are aimed at eliminating health disparities for underserved populations. (
  • HB 2312 Amends existing law establishing the Advisory Council on Indian Health Care that assists tribes and urban Indian health organizations in shaping Medicaid and health care policies and laws that impact the populations they serve. (
  • Adds members to the council to establish and give tribal governments, tribal organizations and urban Indian health care organizations in the state representation in shaping Medicaid and health care policies and laws that affect the populations they serve. (
  • AB 2424 Creates the Community-based Health Improvement and Innovation Fund for reducing the rates of preventable health conditions and addressing priority chronic health disparities with focus on health equity priority populations and strengthening local, regional, and state level collaborations. (
  • A fundamental purpose of dental education is to develop health professionals who will maintain and improve the oral health status of individuals and populations. (
  • There are many diseases and disorders that disproportionately affect the health of underserved populations in the United States. (
  • African-Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, Alaska Natives, some Asian-Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, and rural populations experience much higher risks of and poorer health status than the general population. (
  • American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have long experienced lower health status than other U.S. populations do. (
  • 3 Compared with other populations, AI/ANs are more likely to have lower socioeconomic status and to live in poverty, leading to less access to cancer prevention and screening and other healthcare services. (
  • But a separate new analysis presents a more nuanced picture of progress, with a mix of gains and losses in terms of long-standing disparities among white, black, and Mexican American populations, and between higher- and lower-income groups. (
  • The specificity provided by the new standards will allow for improved demographic data collections and tracking of health differences among these populations, as well as an increased ability to target interventions appropriately. (
  • They care for vulnerable populations, respond to large-scale public health threats-from violent attacks to natural disasters-and help us contain infectious diseases like Ebola. (
  • Lack of in- a new or reestablished ecologic niche, or the spread of or- formation about the health status of these populations upon ganisms that carry resistance or mechanisms of resistance arrival and their need for and use of medical services in the to antimicrobial drugs ( 2 ). (
  • As with all mobile populations, United States hinders development of public health policy, education, and provision of adequate clinical care. (
  • Infl uenza A disparities of care experienced by these populations. (
  • In- health status of these populations. (
  • Information on culturally informed health and wellness technology and the use of these technologies to reduce health disparities facing historically underserved populations in the United States is sparse in the literature. (
  • While the reviewed studies show how technology can be used to positively affect the health of historically underserved populations, the technology must be tailored toward the intended population, as personally relevant and contextually situated health technology is more likely than broader technology to create behavior changes. (
  • Further, culturally informed health information technology should be used more for chronic diseases and disease management, as it is an innovative way to provide holistic care and reminders to otherwise underserved populations. (
  • In 1990, Virginia's State Health Commissioner created the Minority Health Advisory Committee (MHAC) to ensure that the health priorities and health concerns of Virginia's minority populations were adequately addressed by the Virginia Department of Health. (
  • To promote and advocate for the elimination of health disparities among all racial and ethnic minorities and other underserved populations in Virginia. (
  • Socioeconomic status (SES) is relatively stable across generations, but social policies may create opportunities for upward social mobility among disadvantaged populations during periods of economic growth. (
  • Among non-Hispanic black, Hispanic and non-Hispanic white populations, we tested whether wealth was associated with self-reported poor/fair health status after accounting for income and education. (
  • The core goal of this first summit - and of The Root Cause Coalition more broadly - is to more fully engage the health care industry in the discussion of social determinants of health, and ultimately, in the development and implementation of data-driven, community-centered solutions to prevent long-term chronic health conditions in the populations that we serve. (
  • Health equity has two parts - unhealthy populations, and access to healthcare once those populations fall ill. (
  • Discussions will focus on understanding health disparities and providing care to minoritized individuals and populations. (
  • Because racial/ethnic diversity in the U.S. exists, is ever-increasing, and is here to stay it is imperative that existing healthcare inequities and subsequent health disparities between racial/ethnic populations groups go away. (
  • Childhood health and SES as well as more proximal levels of SES are important determinants of race/ethnic disparities in later life physical performance. (
  • Substantial evidence is increasing, giving the Minister of Health more reason to believe housing, income, employment and education, abbreviated as the socioeconomic determinants of health, are to some degree responsible for poor health and inequalities (Public Health Advisory Committee PHAC, 2004). (
  • The purpose of this assignment is to discuss these four determinants and how they impact health from the Public Health Advisory Committee's perspective. (
  • The Determinants of Heath that Impact Health Status MHLTSCI 504 Zijada Sulejmanovic Boise State University Abstract This paper explores published articles that report results from research on determinants of health. (
  • Also, defines determinants of health. (
  • They have also explored strategies for raising public awareness and mobilizing support for policies to address social determinants of health, with particular attention to narrative and image-based information Clarke, C. E., Niederdeppe, J., & Lundell, H. C., 2012). (
  • What are the determinants of health in humans? (
  • Equity, social determinants and public health programmes / editors Erik Blas and Anand Sivasankara Kurup. (
  • Improving equity in health by addressing social determinants / edited by the Commission on Social Determinants of Health Knowledge Networks, Jennifer H Lee and Ritu Sadana. (
  • T he following panel addressed social determinants of health disparities and ways to reduce health disparities, promote health equity, and move successful models to a larger scale. (
  • First, not only is more research clearly needed, but also research that better conceptualizes the social determinants of health. (
  • Racial/ethnic disparities in preterm birth (PTB) are well documented in the epidemiological literature, but little is known about the relative contribution of different social and environmental determinants of such disparities in birth outcome. (
  • Commission on Social Determinants of Health (WHO CSDH), 2008. (
  • Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health. (
  • 2010. Regional inequality in health and its determinants: Evidence from China. (
  • An accompanying editorial explores the epidemiologic challenges of understanding social determinants of childhood cancer survival, specifically concerning racial and ethnic disparities, and discusses future directions to increase health equity for childhood cancer patients. (
  • 2,3 Social determinants of NCDs include socio-economic factors (e.g. poverty, inequality, rural-urban differences) 4 and risky health behavioural repertoire that may have developed in earlier years (e.g. such as smoking, alcohol abuse, limited physical activity and unhealthy diet with high cholesterol, salt and saturated fats lacking fresh fruits and vegetables). (
  • The Root Cause Coalition's First Annual National Summit on the Social Determinants of Health will be held on Dec. 5 - 6, 2016, at The Drake Hotel in Chicago. (
  • While health care organizations alone do not have the power to improve all of the multiple determinants of health for all of society, they do have the power to address disparities directly at the point of care, and to impact many of the determinants that create these disparities. (
  • Many factors contribute to healthcare disparity, including access, behavioral risk factors, family history, social determinants of health (mainly income and education), social and cultural factors, and discrimination in the clinic. (
  • In 2010, the Healthy People 2020 initiative expanded the goal of eliminating racial disparities in health care to include achieving health equity and improving the health of all groups. (
  • East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(9):1105-1114. (
  • During the 2020 election campaign, voters repeatedly identified health care as a topic most important for the next administration to address. (
  • Candidate Joe Biden drew a sharp contrast to President Trump on health care and won the 2020 election. (
  • To estimate differences in self-rated health status by race/ethnicity and disability, CDC analyzed data from the 2004 -- 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys. (
  • Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status and the health of pregnant women. (
  • Disparities in the prevalence of diabetes: is it race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status? (
  • Link, Carol L and McKinlay, John B (2009) Disparities in the prevalence of diabetes: is it race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status? (
  • Objective To characterize health disparities in common chronic diseases among adults by socioeconomic status (SES) and ethnicity in a mixed rural-urban community of the United States. (
  • Continued enrollment efforts could further narrow coverage disparities, but the share of remaining nonelderly uninsured who are eligible for coverage varies by race and ethnicity. (
  • Health and health care disparities are commonly viewed through the lens of race and ethnicity, but they occur across a broad range of dimensions. (
  • One concern is that race and ethnicity information can be labeled incorrectly in VA patients' electronic health records as "self-reported", a highly reliable method of collection, when data were actually collected based on the less reliable method of VA staff observation. (
  • Note: Concerns about the completeness and accuracy of race and ethnicity information were raised by officials from VA's Office of Health Equity, Veterans Experience Office, and Health Services Research & Development. (
  • RESULTS/CONCLUSION: Research needs to be guided by models of the associations between social (socioeconomic position (SEP), race/ethnicity, immigration status, and gender) and occupational variables and health, to avoid inappropriate control for confounding, and to specify causal pathways (mediation) and interaction effects. (
  • Health in later life varies significantly by individual demographic characteristics such as age, sex, and race/ethnicity, as well as by social factors including socioeconomic status and geographic region. (
  • Dr. Scott Tomar, director of institutional analysis and evaluation at the University of Florida College of Dentistry, conducted this analysis and used data from the CDC report to identify whether relative disparities for children and adults increased or decreased between different income and race/ethnicity groups over two time periods: 1999-2004 and 2011-16. (
  • Of Tomar's 48 comparisons between groups defined by race/ethnicity or poverty status, the disparities gap narrowed over time for 42 percent of them, widened for 37 percent, and stayed the same for 21 percent. (
  • Relative disparities increased by race/ethnicity and income despite gains by all groups because black, Mexican American, and low-income children started with much higher prevalence of disease than whites and higher-income children. (
  • As called for by Section 4302 of the Affordable Care Act, HHS adopted new standards for the collection of data by race, ethnicity, primary language, sex, and disability status within major self-reported population health surveys. (
  • This course is a graduate introduction to social injustice and inequality issues which create conditions that lead to unconscionable health disparities according to race, ethnicity, childhood experiences, gender, income, nationality, and other factors. (
  • Socioeconomic status significantly mediated the association between race/ethnicity and survival for acute lymphoblastic leukemia , acute myeloid leukemia, neuroblastoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. (
  • Massachusetts has recognized these disparities, and became the first state to mandate collection of race and ethnicity data on all patients with an inpatient hospitalization, an observation unit stay, or an emergency department visit. (
  • Patients reports of health care experience and preferences differ based on race and ethnicity. (
  • 4. What are Key Initiatives to Address Disparities? (
  • States, local communities, private organizations, and providers are also engaged in efforts to reduce health disparities. (
  • As the nation continues to intensify efforts to reduce health disparities, solutions may lie in ensuring adequate resources to nurses working in direct care. (
  • COVID-19 pandemic: a unique opportunity to 'build back fairer' and reduce health inequities in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. (
  • These important data should stimulate further population studies and provide impetus for targeted public health interventions and community outreach programs to reduce health inequities and advance care access in the state and the U.S. at large. (
  • This overview for the special issue of Health Education & Behavior on "Health Disparities and Social Inequities" briefly outlines the transdisciplinary (TD) approach to research and examines the scope of TD science. (
  • Although AI/ANs continue to struggle with health inequities, they have many strengths. (
  • Given these changes, it is especially important to understand the complex and interrelated factors that contribute to health and health care inequities for people with disabilities, and to identify practical solutions. (
  • Whereas genomic technologies are advancing health care by allowing medical treatments to be tailored to the specific needs of individual patients ('precision medicine'), this 'genomics revolution' is widening the health inequities gap. (
  • Inequities in healthcare utilization: Results of the Brazilian national health survey, 2013. (
  • This workshop will provide an overview of some of the most striking health disparities in the U.S. and Kentucky, contributing factors for these inequities, and key opportunities to address the disparities. (
  • It is acknowledged that a critical tool to address health inequities is to train future and current practicing clinicians to provide culturally competent care to diverse patients. (
  • The proposed workshop will challenge health educators, healthcare providers, and healthcare trainees to rethink the concept of cultural competence in terms of cultural humility by focusing on characteristics learned early in life as they relate to practicing culturally-appropriate health care with the goal of eliminating healthcare inequities and reducing health disparities. (
  • Selected comparisons of measures of health disparities : a review using databases relevant to Healthy People 2010 cancer-related objectives /, by Sam Harper et al. (
  • In 2003, the groundbreaking Institute of Medicine Study ("IOM study") Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare acknowledged the continuation of racial disparities in health status and accessing health care and provided suggestions for the elimination of these disparities (IOM, 2003). (
  • At, we want to make health insurance content easy to … understand so that it can help you make better decisions. (
  • The DQIP measures were specified for use in the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measure established by NCQA and subsequently widely adopted for performance assessment in commercial, Medicare, and Medicaid health plans. (
  • Shetty A, Parzuch M, Nirappil S, Kicklighter A, Lager P (2016) Healthcare Utilization Disparity between Caucasian and African- American Patients with Diabetes from 2006-2008 and 2009-2011. (
  • The purpose of this study was to identify disparity of utilization of healthcare services among African Americans and Caucasians in the United States from 2006-2008 and 2009 and 2011. (
  • Public health safety and environment in inadequate hospital and healthcare settings: A review. (
  • The American Hospital Association, Association of American Medical Colleges, American College of Healthcare Executives, Catholic Health Association of the United States, and National Association of Public Hospitals and Health Systems have launched a call to action to eliminate health care disparities. (
  • Health and healthcare perspectives of African American residents of an unincorporated community: a qualitative assessment. (
  • In this study, we conducted focus groups to assess individual and community health status, environmental health mediators, and systematic barriers to healthcare among African American residents of the unincorporated town, Fresno, Texas. (
  • Unaffordable healthcare, limited access to healthcare, and environmental mediators were perceived to impact the Fresno community's health status. (
  • We work closely with partners to redefine health beyond healthcare and with a bold vision of achieving health equity for all. (
  • Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts refers to the issues in access to, and treatment of, the residents of the state of Massachusetts. (
  • Many entrenched risk communities face a diaspora of problems that stem from their socioeconomic status, including higher poverty rates, lower employment rates, low educational needs, and competing needs like housing that take a priority over healthcare. (
  • Thus, there is a compounding of issues that face communities of low socioeconomic status that lead to a lack of both preventative healthcare, and treatment once individuals do fall ill. (
  • Studies suggest that racial and ethnic disparities are other key factors in healthcare disparities. (
  • The law had three key components aimed at combating healthcare inequality - mandating that every citizen has a minimum level of insurance coverage, providing free health care insurance for residents earning less than 150% of the federal poverty level and mandating employers with more than 10 "full-time" employees to provide healthcare insurance. (
  • As a result of this unequal social order, women are usually relegated into positions where they have less access and control over healthcare resources, making women more vulnerable to suffering from health problems than men. (
  • Then, we used propensity scores to match Black and White participants on key socioeconomic, demographic, occupational, and physical activity characteristics and re-examined differences in health. (
  • Williams DR, Collins C. US socioeconomic and racial differences in health: patterns and explanations. (
  • Health and health care disparities refer to differences in health and health care between population groups. (
  • Economic, social, and cultural factors-ranging from lack of access to quality health care to differences in health beliefs between patients and their doctors-add to the greater asthma burden among these groups. (
  • Health disparity has been defined by the World Health Organization as the differences in health care received by different groups of people that are not only unnecessary and avoidable but unfair and unjust. (
  • Overall, the term "health disparities", or "health inequalities", is widely understood as the differences in health between people who are situated in different positions in a socioeconomic hierarchy. (
  • Is racism a fundamental cause of inequalities in health? (
  • Yet, despite widespread recognition of the toll of economic deprivation on health, in the US we face a critical problem hampering public health departments' ability to mobilize public concern and resources to eliminate socioeconomic inequalities in health. (
  • The absence of state and local public health surveillance data on socioeconomic inequalities in health has national ramifications. (
  • Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health. (
  • 2016. Socio-economic inequalities in health and health service use among older adults in India: Results from the WHO study on global ageing and adult health survey. (
  • Research of evolution, regional difference and influence factor of the inequalities in health of the old. (
  • In line with the long-term plan objectives, the national health sector medium-term plan (2012-2016) also marks equity in access and utilization of health services (13). (
  • Please join HPOE and the Disparities Solutions Center at Massachusetts General Hospital for a webinar Nov. 8, 2016, Noon - 1 p.m. (
  • AB 2017 Establishes the College Mental Health Services Trust Account to create a grant program for public community college, colleges and universities to improve access to mental health services on campus. (
  • INTRODUCTION: Occupational health researchers can play a pivotal role in increasing our understanding of the role of physical and psychosocial working conditions in producing socioeconomic health disparities and trends of increasing socioeconomic health disparities, contributing to interventions to reduce such disparities, and helping to improve public education materials on this subject. (
  • These interventions occur long after mental health concerns-if identified and treated early-could be eliminated or mitigated, avoiding crises and tragedies. (
  • The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) seeks research to improve understanding of the causes of high priority diseases in the United States and to develop and test more effective interventions for reducing/eliminating health disparities. (
  • The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) seeks research to improve understanding of the causes of disparities in health and disability in the United States and to develop and test more effective interventions for reducing/eliminating health disparities directly related to the scientific areas within the mission of the NIDDK . (
  • These data suggest that interventions early in life may address the predisease physiological disparities that manifest as late-life health disparities. (
  • Urban-Rural Disparities in Deaths from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease in the United States. (
  • In 1998, President Bill Clinton announced the Initiative to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care that was supposed to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities in six key areas of health status, including infant mortality, by the year 2010. (
  • Self-rated health status has been found to be an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality ( 1 ), and racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health status persist among the U.S. adult population ( 2 ). (
  • Associations of healthy lifestyle and socioeconomic status with mortality and incident cardiovascular disease: two prospective cohort studies. (
  • We undertook this prospective cohort study to determine the independent contributions of socioeconomic status (SES), health behaviors, and health insurance in explaining racial/ethnic disparities in mortality and health declines. (
  • Higher mortality rates for B versus W were mostly explained by worse baseline health. (
  • A "health disparity" refers to a higher burden of illness, injury, disability, or mortality experienced by one group relative to another. (
  • Major health issues covered in the report include: Communicable diseasesCancer incidence and mortalityMaternal and child healthChronic diseasesBehavioral risk factors in adultsEnvironmental health issuesSuicide, homicide, and vehicular mortality A Health Disparities Roadmap contains valuable lessons for researchers in health promotion and health disparities, as well as community health professionals. (
  • African-Americans are less likely than whites to be screened for colorectal cancer, and the disparity almost certainly contributes to higher mortality. (
  • These results identify pervasive sociodemographic differences in immune-cell gene regulation that emerge by young adulthood and may help explain social disparities in the development of chronic illness and premature mortality at older ages. (
  • Asthma prevalence, health care use and mortality: United States, 2003-05. (
  • Measures of racial/ethnic health disparities in cancer mortality rates and the influence of socioeconomic status. (
  • We examined the cancer rates by racial/ethnic group, socioeconomic status and time period to identify disparities underlying the overall mortality trend. (
  • JoAnne M. Foody, MD. (2014) Racial Disparities In Hospitalizations, Procedural Treatments And Mortality Of Patients Hospitalized With Atrial Fibrillation. (
  • Policymakers involved in reducing health disparities will find it especially useful. (
  • The strong life-course influences on adult health could provide a powerful rationale for policies at all levels-federal, state, and local-to give more priority to investment in improving the living conditions of children as a strategy for improving health and reducing health disparities across the entire life course. (
  • 6 What Do We Still Need to Learn About Reducing Health Disparities? (
  • How Far Have We Come in Reducing Health Disparities? (
  • About Reducing Health Disparities? (
  • Each speaker was asked the question, "What do we still need to learn about reducing health disparities? (
  • Domains addressed by the survey included sociodemographic features, health care utilization, parental perceptions of pediatric care, and interactions with health care providers. (
  • Previous examinations of health care utilization among cancer survivors, have primarily used administrative databases such as the SEER-Medicare database 8 - 10 . (
  • Requiring each health occupations board established under the Health Occupations Article to report an update on specified efforts to educate specified individuals regarding racial and ethnic health disparities to specified committees of the General Assembly on or before January 1, 2018. (
  • Sophisticated adjustments for socioeconomic status (SES) in health disparities research may help illuminate the independent role of race in health differences between Blacks and Whites. (
  • Our study period was 1992-1998, and our study population consists of a US nationally representative sample of 6286 non-Hispanic whites (W), 1391 non-Hispanic blacks (B), 405 Hispanics interviewed in English (H/E), and 318 Hispanics interviewed in Spanish (H/S), ages 51-61 in 1992 in the Health and Retirement Study. (
  • Hispanic and black children were significantly less likely than whites to be in excellent/very good health (72%, 79%, and 90%, respectively) and were more likely to be uninsured (31%, 18%, and 9%, respectively). (
  • A recent report from the Institute of Medicine 1 called attention to the tendency for racial and ethnic minorities in the United States to receive lower-quality health care than whites, even after adjustment for access-related factors such as insurance coverage and income. (
  • These demographic disparities become increasingly prevalent in mid to later adulthood ( 5 , 6 ), resulting in shorter life spans for men relative to women, for blacks and Hispanics relative to Asians and non-Hispanic whites, for the poor relative to the affluent, and for residents of the southern United States compared to other regions ( 7 ⇓ - 9 ). (
  • Compared with white children, relative disparities widened for black and Mexican American children because gains by whites outpaced those of the other groups. (
  • Disparity gaps widened between blacks and whites and for Mexican Americans relative to whites. (
  • Relative disparities increased between whites and Mexican Americans despite Mexican Americans experiencing the largest percentage point decline among all racial/ethnic groups. (
  • Relative disparities narrowed between whites and Mexican Americans, and higher- and lower-income youth, because of the large declines experienced by Mexican American and lower-income groups. (
  • The current study, Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status Index, has three datasets available, each containing a normalized socioeconomic index of disadvantage for census tracts: two of them 1990 geo-referenced, and the other 2000 geo-referenced. (
  • While the gaps have narrowed for some indicators, they have widened for many others, and equity in oral health status remains elusive. (
  • Gaps in the implementation of clinical practice guidelines for asthma contribute to the ongoing problem of asthma-related health disparities among at-risk groups. (
  • Cigna understands the importance of addressing health disparities facing the LGBT population and is working to close these gaps. (
  • Health disparities are gaps in health that happen largely because of social or economic disadvantages and inequitable distribution of resources based on things like socioeconomic status, race, sex, or geography. (
  • These health gaps exist for a wide range of conditions and illnesses, including HPV-associated cancers. (
  • Ms. Beacuchamp discusses the inadequacies of insurers' behavioral health networks and highlights the challenges that insured patients encounter when seeking mental health care. (
  • While Carolyn's piece sheds light on this important issue, it is-unfortunately-not news to those of us who work in the behavioral health field. (
  • 1 Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-2027, USA. (
  • Adults with developmental disabilities are at risk for hearing and vision difficulties, cardiovascular disease, obesity, seizures, mental health and behavioral problems, poor oral health, and poor general fitness. (
  • These disparities are seen in the areas of behavioral health, physical health, and access to care. (
  • Behavioral health. (
  • Behavioral health includes mental health, substance abuse, and addiction. (
  • To identify disparities between surveyed farmworkers and Sonoma County residents overall, age-adjusted prevalence estimates were developed by using indirect standardization to the adult (≥18 years) Sonoma County sample from the California Health Interview Survey for 2011-2012. (
  • However, when the poorest group is compared with all other groups, it is clear that the size of the racial/ethnic disparities is much smaller than the size of the income disparities. (
  • Recently, Caplan and Weintraub (1993, p. 856) stated that "until there is a reliable diagnostic tool for measuring active periodontal disease on a one-time basis, methods of evaluating periodontal health in cross-sectional studies will be inconsistent. (
  • To apply decomposition methods to understand disparities in preterm birth (PTB) prevalence between births of non-Hispanic black individuals and births of non-Hispanic white individuals in California, according to individual demographics, neighborhood socioeconomic environment, and neighborhood air pollution. (
  • METHODS: We examined racial/ethnic disparities by measuring excess cancer burden [rate ratio (RR) and ratio differences (RD)] and trends in their cancer rates for nine cancer sites. (
  • Methods Data from the Survey of Consumer Finances (2004, ages 25-64) and the Health and Retirement Survey (2004, ages 50+), containing a wide range of assets and debts variables, were used to calculate net worth (a standard measure of wealth). (
  • This website was initially supported in part by a cooperative agreement from the Disability and Health Team of the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • For example, Federal health care funding agencies such as the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) neither conduct oversight of Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) architectural and programmatic accessibility compliance by states, health plans, and medical providers, nor assess health providers' disability cultural competence. (
  • Few professional health care training programs address disability issues in their curriculums , and most federally funded health disparities research does not recognize or include people with disabilities as a disparity population. (
  • People with disabilities comprise the largest and most important health care consumer group in the United States, yet the Institute of Medicine and others have warned that Federal agencies, policymakers, and health care systems have not yet responded to the broad-ranging implications, for individuals and for society, of the demographic increase in disability as the population ages. (
  • These barriers include health care provider stereotypes about disability, lack of appropriate training, and a lack of accessible medical facilities and examination equipment, sign language interpreters, and individualized accommodations. (
  • If these problems can be resolved, crosscutting solutions hold the potential to improve health care for the broader disability community. (
  • State-level prevalence of cigarette smoking and treatment advice, by disability status, United States, 2004. (
  • Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become one of the world's biggest public health problems, contributing to premature death, disability, productivity losses and high health care costs that may eventually affect the achievement of the sustainable development goals. (
  • In spite of all the research, government reports and initiatives, health care disparities persist and in some cases have worsened. (
  • While Americans as a group are healthier and living longer, disparities persist. (
  • Disparities in the use of mental health services, including outpatient care and psychotropic drug prescriptions, persist for black and Latino children, reports a new study in Health Services Research. (
  • In many parts of the world, rural-urban health disparities persist in terms of socio-demographics, health care access, health status and prevalence of chronic conditions. (
  • However, there were disparities in behavior by age groups and education levels. (
  • Converging evidence from neuroscience, molecular biology, genomics, and epigenetics further indicates that the influence of the early years can extend over a lifetime, as it affects the foundations of learning, behavior, and both physical and mental health ( 1 ⇓ - 3 ). (
  • When reproducing any material, including interview excerpts, attribution to the Health Behavior News Service, part of the Center for Advancing Health, is required. (
  • U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Office of the Secretary, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation and Office of Minority Health. (
  • The implementation progress report is not meant to be an exhaustive list of all of the current research, policies, and programs the Department is supporting to improve minority health, but rather provide several illustrative examples of important work in this area. (
  • In 1985, the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services empanelled a Task Force on Minority Health to review the available data and assess the health status of minority Americans. (
  • The ACHDHE works with the Office of Minority Health and Health Equity in achieving its objectives. (
  • The ACA also included other provisions focused on addressing disparities and the 2011 Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Disparities Action Plan set out a series of priorities, strategies, actions, and goals to achieve a vision of "a nation free of disparities in health and health care. (
  • Although the ACA sharply reduced uninsured rates for people of color and low-income individuals, coverage disparities remain, and changing federal priorities could reverse recent progress reducing disparities. (
  • Further, changing federal priorities could lead to coverage losses and other reverses in recent advances in reducing disparities. (
  • The overarching Secretarial priorities represent the cross-cutting issues that the HHS Dispari-ties Action Plan addresses to ensure the coordination of HHS programmatic and policy efforts to effectively advance health equity. (
  • Invest operationalizing the UNDP-led LGBTI Inclusion Index to undertake the targeted research required for each of the priorities of the LGBTI Inclusion Index: health, economic well-being, personal security and violence, education, and political and civic participation. (
  • Health inequality and inequity also are used to refer to disparities. (
  • This study aims to describe and analyse the inequality in geographic distribution of public sector's physical and human health resources in Sudan. (
  • Inequality of health resources is a worldwide phenomenon but it is more predominant in developing countries (1). (
  • Thus, it is immensely important to carry out research on the inequality of geographic distribution of health care resources in Sudan to enable the country to set strategies for improving population access to health care services. (
  • Health inequality is an increasing concern worldwide. (
  • Using the coefficient of variation, Theil index, exploratory spatial data analysis, and spatial panel econometric model, we examined the regional inequality, spatio-temporal dynamic patterns, and key factors in the health status of Chinese residents from 2003 to 2013. (
  • inequality between regions decreased, but health status inequality expanded within regions. (
  • Finally, we highlight the need for additional research on regional inequality of resident health status across multiple time, spatial, and factor domains. (
  • There is also a distinction between health disparity, otherwise known as health equity, and health inequality. (
  • If one population dies young as a result of genetic or a non-controllable factor, that is known as health inequality. (
  • Yet while gender equality has made the most progress in areas such as education and labor force participation, health inequality between men and women continues to plague many societies today. (
  • Black and Hispanic adults are more likely to report their general health status as fair or poor compared with white adults ( 2 ). (
  • Children who grow up poor are more likely to have health problems as adults. (
  • Hewitt and colleagues 3 found that relative to adults with no history of cancer, survivors are more likely to be in fair or poor health and to have functional limitations. (
  • Unfortunately, because the surveys differed in many of their measures or categories, the 1971-1974 NHANES and the three NIDR surveys permit only limited assessments of trends in health status for adults and children. (
  • Using data from 1,069 young adults from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health)-the largest nationally representative and ethnically diverse sample with peripheral blood transcriptome profiles-we analyzed variation in the expression of genes involved in inflammation and type I interferon (IFN) response as a function of individual demographic factors, sociodemographic conditions, and biobehavioral factors (smoking, drinking, and body mass index). (
  • Adults who are deaf or who experience significant problems hearing were three times as likely to report fair or poor health compared with those who did not have hearing impairments. (
  • Children and adolescents in the U.S. have made substantial oral health gains in recent years while the prevalence of dental disease in adults has remained fairly constant, with an increase in the number of seniors with decay, according to a September 2019 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (
  • In 2000, the Healthy People 2010 initiative was issued with an objective of eliminating racial disparities in health care. (
  • We analyzed data for 2608 children, 4 to 35 months of age, from the 2000 National Survey of Early Childhood Health, a nationwide household survey. (
  • They had greater body mass index, higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension, and lower physical health functioning. (
  • There are some rural-urban health disparities in South Africa, that is, urban dwellers had a higher prevalence of diabetes, edentulism and cognitive functioning than rural ones. (
  • Efforts to reduce racial/ethnic health disparities should explicitly include strategies to improve the health and well being of persons with disabilities within each racial/ethnic population. (
  • Findings support the use of FV at least twice per year, in conjunction with caregiver counseling, to prevent ECC, reduce caries increment and oral health inequalities between young Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. (
  • Includes, as part of the preferred program components in the grant application, the ability of the campus to reduce racial disparities in access to mental health services. (
  • In the face of this stress, Miller and Chen propose a strategy that may work to reduce stress and improve health. (
  • Read the report for more evidence-based strategies to increase uptake of preventive services and reduce health disparities. (
  • Now, in my current role as Vice President, Health and Wellness, at Prudential Financial, I work to combat these challenges and reduce obstacles to care. (
  • This document is an implementation progress report of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Ser-vices (HHS) Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities (HHS Disparities Action Plan). (
  • This report outlines the HHS Disparities Action Plan's goals and strategies, describes a sample of the specific actions being taken across HHS agencies to reduce these disparities, and highlights major accomplishments to date. (
  • The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Eth-nic Health Disparities (HHS Disparities Action Plan) is the most comprehensive federal com-mitment to date for reducing, and eventually eliminating disparities in health and health care. (
  • 1. Assess and heighten the impact of all HHS policies, programs, processes, and resource decisions to reduce health disparities . (
  • What is Cigna doing to reduce these disparities? (
  • Published early online in CANCER , a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may inform where to allocate resources to best reduce racial and ethnic survival disparities for each of the major types of childhood cancer. (
  • For some types of childhood cancer, racial and ethnic survival disparities could be addressed through initiatives that reduce social and economic barriers to effective care such as expanded health insurance coverage, improved patient care coordination, increased health literacy, and supplementation of transportation and childcare costs during treatment. (
  • In this article we argue for the utility of the life-course perspective as a tool for understanding and addressing health disparities across socioeconomic and racial or ethnic groups, particularly disparities that originate in childhood. (
  • This approach is particularly relevant to understanding and addressing health disparities, because social and physical contextual factors underlie socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health. (
  • For a number of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, good health is more difficult to attain because appropriate care is often associated with an individual's economic status, race and gender. (
  • Underuse of preventive services is an even greater problem for uninsured Americans, racial/ethnic minorities and those of low socioeconomic status. (
  • Decades of government reports and research studies have shown that racial disparities in accessing quality health care and health status continue to exist, particularly between African-Americans and Caucasians. (
  • In addition to these reports, empirical research studies have shown that racial disparities in health care have worsened. (
  • Additional research is needed to explain these disparities, and to explore system improvements for the uninsured VTE patient. (
  • 1 Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at The MetroHealth System, Rammelkamp 236, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH 44109-1998, USA. (
  • The latest survey, which began in 1988 and does include oral health measures, is to be analyzed by the National Institute for Dental Research (NIDR) rather than NCHS, and results are yet to be published. (
  • New research into "health care deserts" finds that primary-care physicians are especially hard to find in predominantly Black and/or low-income Hispanic metropolitan neighborhoods. (
  • The new study in Health Services Research suggests that there is an urgent need to improve care at predominately black-serving institutions. (
  • Nursing homes with higher proportions of Black residents do worse financially and deliver lower-quality care than nursing homes with few or no Black residents, finds a new study in Health Services Research . (
  • Research conducted in the United States on racial/ethnic health disparities and socioeconomic status (SES) has not fully considered occupation. (
  • The AAMC has joined with other health organizations to urge Congress to pass a permanent legislative solution that would provide certainty around the legal status of DACA recipients and allow those in the health care workforce to remain in the United States to continue their employment, education, training, and research. (
  • Besides DACA recipients, physicians and scientists from other countries, including those named in the three immigration executive orders last year, are critical to our nation's health care delivery and biomedical research. (
  • They also facilitate cross-border collaboration in medical research and in addressing global health threats. (
  • The World Professional Association for Transgender Health's (WPATH) mission is to promote evidence based care, education, research, advocacy, public policy, and respect in transgender health. (
  • however, for cancers in which survival is less influenced by socioeconomic status, more research is needed on underlying differences in tumor biology and drug processing. (
  • Enhancing learning, research, patient care and the health of the community. (
  • A hub focused on population health, biostatistics, bioethics and epidemiology research. (
  • Dr. Quinn's research interests include racial disparities in HIV/AIDS, including the structural and social drivers of these disparities. (
  • Conclusions The results add to the literature indicating the importance of including measures of wealth in health research for what they may reveal about disparities not only between but also within different racial/ethnic groups. (
  • Colorectal cancer screening in the elderly population: disparities by dual Medicare-Medicaid enrollment status. (
  • To assess the disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening between elderly dual Medicare-Medicaid enrollees (or duals), the most vulnerable subgroup of the Medicare population, and nonduals. (
  • The Indian Health Service (IHS) reported that AIAN cancer screening rates were significantly lower than in the overall population, with only 59 percent receiving cervical screening, 48 percent breast screening, and 37 percent completing colorectal screening, leading to increased risk of late diagnosis and decreased survival from cancer. (
  • World Health Organization. (
  • A complex and interrelated set of individual, provider, health system, societal, and environmental factors contribute to disparities in health and health care. (
  • The Biden administration took power in the middle of a pandemic, and controlling the public health emergency will be its first and most pressing health and economic priority. (
  • Closing this disparity gap is a major emphasis of the Guidelines Implementation Panel (GIP) Report , which offers recommendations and strategies for addressing asthma disparities across six priority messages derived from the Expert Panel Report 3-Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (EPR-3). (
  • This priority supports monitoring HHS agencies' stra-tegic plans, programs, and regulations to ensure that the HHS Disparities Action Plan goals, strategies, and actions are included to the fullest extent possible in the agencies' work. (
  • The implementation of health technology is a national priority in the United States and widely discussed in the literature. (
  • Young minority children experience multiple disparities in health status, insurance coverage, topics discussed during pediatric visits, parents feeling understood by providers, parental satisfaction, and referrals to specialists. (
  • 6 may result in loss of health insurance coverage, and survivors who qualify for government insurance may lose this coverage once their initial treatment is complete. (
  • This study also examines these 13 indicators across racial/ethnic groups, income levels, educational attainment, and health insurance coverage status, and across all 50 states and the District of Columbia. (
  • I'm troubled and frustrated by the rash of recent studies finding that patients across the United States are unable to obtain a timely appointment with a local mental health provider, notably a psychiatrist, who accepts their insurance coverage. (
  • The Supreme Court is set to decide California v. Texas , concerning the ACA's requirement that individuals have minimum health insurance coverage or pay a tax penalty ( Texas v. U.S. , 945 F.3d 355 (5th Cir. (
  • Some of the biggest disparities are reported along racial or ethnic lines, though other factors like age, sex, and income also appear to be at play. (
  • In response to this data, the government has issued several initiatives to put an end to racial disparities in access to health care and health status. (
  • These opportunities can be found across a complex landscape of early childhood policies and programs in education, health, and human services, ranging from approaches focused primarily on children and their parents to larger-scale initiatives that address more distal influences, such as community characteristics or broader social and economic forces. (
  • The questions included self-rated general health, diabetes and hypertension, and body mass index. (
  • Racial disparities in hypertension, depression severity, and mental health functioning persisted despite adjustments. (
  • Furthermore, racial disparities in hypertension have been clearly documented with African American patients being less likely than Caucasians to achieve adequate control. (
  • The Sonoma County Farmworker Health Survey (FHS) was conducted to describe the health and well-being of adult farmworkers in Sonoma County, California, and to identify preventable health disparities for this population. (
  • All caregivers received oral health counseling, while children in one group received FV twice per year and the controls received no varnish. (
  • One task, then, for this committee as it evaluated future directions for dental education was to examine the status of oral health in this country and the ramifications for dental education in both the short and the long-term. (
  • In undertaking this task, the committee reviewed information on the health status of the U.S. population, including data on trends and differences across population subgroups, and evaluated the recommendations of other groups whose primary task was to articulate goals for oral health. (
  • A background paper on oral health status by White et al. (
  • it then presents the committee's views on oral health status goals and their implications for dental education. (
  • The data on oral health status and services reviewed by this committee came from three primary sources. (
  • The first survey (then called the Health Examination Survey), which took place between 1959 and 1962, included some measures of oral health status as did the second survey conducted from 1971 to 1974. (
  • The third NHANES (which took place from 1976 to 1980) did not include measures of oral health. (
  • provides a more extensive discussion of oral health status and trends. (
  • As suggested in this review of sources, the collection of data on oral health status has been somewhat less regular and frequent than the collection of information about many other health problems. (
  • What remained constant between the two time periods were the persistent disparities in oral health status between white and other racial/ethnic groups and between higher- and lower-income groups of all ages. (
  • Oral Health Coalition of Alabama. (
  • 13. Oral Health. (
  • Preliminary data from the 1999 Indian Health Service Oral Health Survey indicates the Alaska Native dental clinic user population has more than twice as many decayed or filled teeth as non-Natives. (
  • 2007. Alaska Oral Health Plan: 2008-2012 . (
  • The Oral Health of Arizona's Children. (
  • Division of Public Health Services, Public Health Prevention Services, Office of Oral Health.1. (
  • Health care disparities in the utilization of health care for DMII exist between African Americans and Caucasians. (
  • Disparities in health and health care not only affect the groups facing disparities, but also limit overall gains in quality of care and health for the broader population and result in unnecessary costs. (
  • Health disparities are health differences between different groups of people. (
  • This will help them improve health care for these groups of people. (
  • To study the disparities in dental health between these groups. (
  • These vulnerable groups are also more likely to report risk factors for poor health. (
  • Health in later life and longevity vary substantially across sociodemographic groups, but the biological mechanisms of these disparities remain poorly understood. (
  • Disparities also increased between white and black youth and between higher- and lower- income groups. (
  • Because racial and ethnic groups are not represented equally in all occupations, differences in job characteristics may help explain racial/ethnic health disparities. (
  • Disparities in the burden and care of asthma suggest that culturally competent clinical and educational approaches, such as those identified in the GIP Report , are needed to implement the EPR-3 asthma guidelines in high-risk groups and to improve access to quality asthma care. (
  • Figure 6-1 shows national data on health strati-fied by the three largest racial and ethnic groups in the United States. (
  • Within each of these groups, the prevalence of self-reported poor or fair health is shown by family income level. (
  • The disparity in the use of ablation could be partially related to the increased co-morbidities in the minority groups, potentially deeming them too sick for an invasive procedure, the researchers suggest. (
  • Within the selected papers, 30 types of technology, 19 historically underserved groups, and 23 health issues were discussed. (
  • High dental decay rates in Alaska Native children have been noted in previous Indian Health Service dental assessments, however the 2004 third-grade dental assessments in Alaska found similar caries experience rates in third-grade Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander racial/ethnic groups (See Figure 1). (
  • Do wealth disparities contribute to health disparities within racial/ethnic groups? (
  • Background Though wide disparities in wealth have been documented across racial/ethnic groups, it is largely unknown whether differences in wealth are associated with health disparities within racial/ethnic groups. (
  • Read the full report here , as well as the author's proposals for evidence-based solutions, including promoting and expanding Community Health Centers, training more nurse practitioners and physician assistants. (
  • Build back fairer: achieving health equity in the Eastern Mediterranean region of WHO. (
  • In 2012, VA established the Office of Health Equity to identify and address health care outcome disparities and to develop an action plan to achieve health equity. (
  • However, GAO found that the extent of VA's progress in implementing the action plan and advancing health equity is unknown because the action plan lacked performance measures and clear lines of accountability for specific offices. (
  • International Journal for Equity in Health , 15(1): 150-157. (
  • Health disparities and health equity: Concepts and measurement. (
  • Achieving health care equity and eliminating health care disparities are a top goal of hospitals and health systems. (
  • Health care equity has become an important discussion nationally as policymakers aim to improve quality of care while lowering costs through a variety of changes to existing incentives. (
  • How are value and health equity connected? (
  • On October 9, 2013, the group's name was changed to the Advisory Council on Health Disparity and Health Equity (ACHDHE) in order to reflect its great mission as well as the expanded scope and vision of the group that are consistent with integrating all segments of the population including those in rural areas. (
  • Health Equity Webinar planning partner. (
  • For more information, please contact the Office of Health Equity, (804) 864-7435. (
  • This webinar will review the health equity movement and how the health care reform law became the most inclusive law ever passed by Congress, not only in terms of content but in terms of process. (
  • Health care has a significant role to play in achieving health equity. (
  • The existence of health disparity implies that health equity does not exist in many parts of the world. (
  • Equity in health refers to the situation whereby every individual has a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential. (
  • Below, we identify four health care issues that demand attention: controlling the COVID-19 pandemic, protecting Obamacare (also known as the Affordable Care Act and ACA), resuming the path toward expanded health care coverage, and addressing health inequity. (