Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
The status of health in rural populations.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
Health care provided to individuals.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The status of health in urban populations.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
All organized methods of funding.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
A general concept referring to the organization and administration of nursing activities.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Organized services to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders.
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.
Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Excessive, under or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.
A component of the Department of Health and Human Services to oversee and direct the Medicare and Medicaid programs and related Federal medical care quality control staffs. Name was changed effective June 14, 2001.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

The place of medicine in the American prison: ethical issues in the treatment of offenders. (1/1744)

In Britain doctors and others concerned with the treatment of offenders in prison may consult the Butler Report (see Focus, pp 157) and specialist journals, but these sources are concerned with the system in Britain only. In America the situation is different, both in organization and in certain attitudes. Dr Peter L Sissons has therefore provided a companion article to that of Dr Paul Bowden (page 163) describing the various medical issues in prisons. The main difference between the treatment of offenders in prisons in America and in Britain lies in the nature of the federal system which means that each state may operate a different system in a variety of prisons and prison medical services are as various. Nationally, the prison systems are 'structured to treat and cure the offender'. Therefore it follows that the prison medical officer is only one of the professionals concerned with this 'cure' of the offender. This principle also applies to any form of research: medical research in prisons is part of a programme which covers a wide field of social and judicial research. The prison medical officer (where there is one) has of course to look after sick prisoners, and the American idea of 'cure' is also expressed in the need for more corrective surgery where, for example, it is necessary to remove physical impediments to social rehabilitation. But a doctor is only found on the staff of those institutions which are large: in the smaller prisons there may be only first-aid facilities, and no specially appointed doctor in the community. Moreover medicines are often dispensed by medical auxiliaries who are sometimes prisoners themselves. Finally, in America prisoners are regularly invited to volunteer as subjects for medical and social research for which they are paid. In short, although it is hoped to 'cure' a prisoner he is a criminal first and a patient second.  (+info)

Use of out-of-plan services by Medicare members of HIP. (2/1744)

Use of out-of-plan services in 1972 by Medicare members of the Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York (HIP) is examined in terms of the demographic and enrollment characteristics of out-of-plan users, types of services received outside the plan, and the relationship of out-of-plan to in-plan use. Users of services outside the plan tended to be more seriously ill and more frequently hospitalized than those receiving all of their services within the plan. The costs to the SSA of providing medical care to HIP enrollees are compared with analogous costs for non-HIP beneficiaries, and the implications for the organization and financing of health services for the aged are discussed.  (+info)

Why do patients seek family physicians' services for cold symptoms? (3/1744)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of presentation to family physicians' offices for cold symptoms, the reasons for presentation, and the duration of symptoms before presentation. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred consecutive patient encounters in each of 15 family practices from January 27 to February 3, 1994, involving both academic and non-academic family physicians in the London region. Data were collected prospectively using a checklist attached to each chart. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of patients presenting with cold symptoms, reasons for presentation, number of days patients had had symptoms, billing code. RESULTS: A total of 1421 checklists were analyzed, 822 from academic practices and 599 from community practices. Proportion of presentations for cold symptoms was 14.8%, but visits coded as common cold represented 5.7%. Median number of days patients waited before presentation was 7.0; older patients tended to wait longer. Many patients were worried about developing complications (51.0%) or were fed up with their symptoms (31.9%). Most patients were between the ages of 20 and 64 (44.6%), and 57.6% of all patients had developed complications requiring treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of visits coded as common cold was lower than Ontario averages. Most patients had complications rather than simple colds and had managed their symptoms on their own for a fairly long time.  (+info)

Record linkage as a research tool for office-based medical care. (4/1744)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of linking records to study health services and health outcomes for primary care patients. DESIGN: A cohort of patients from the Family Medicine Centre at Mount Sinai Hospital was assembled from the clinic's billing records. Their health numbers were linked to the Ontario Hospital Discharge Database. The pattern of hospital admission rates was investigated using International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes for primary discharge diagnosis. A pilot case-control study of risk factor management for stroke was nested in the cohort. SETTING: Family medicine clinic based in a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 19,654 Family Medicine Centre patients seen at least once since 1991. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Admission rates by age, sex, and diagnosis. Numbers of admissions for individual patients, time to readmission, and length of stay. Odds ratios for admission for cerebrovascular disease. RESULTS: The 19,654 patients in the cohort had 14,299 discharges from Ontario hospitals in the 4 years from 1992 to 1995, including 3832 discharges following childbirth. Some patients had many discharges: 4816 people accounted for the 10,467 admissions excluding childbirth. Excluding transfers between institutions, there were 4975 readmissions to hospital during the 4 years, 1392 (28%) of them within 28 days of previous discharge. Admissions for mental disorders accounted for the greatest number of days in hospital. The pilot study of risk factor management suggested that acetylsalicylic acid therapy might not be effective for elderly primary care patients with atrial fibrillation and that calcium channel blocker therapy might be less effective than other therapies for preventing cerebrovascular disease in hypertensive primary care patients. CONCLUSIONS: Record linkage combined with data collection by chart review or interview is a useful method for studying the effectiveness of medical care in Canada and might suggest interesting hypotheses for further investigation.  (+info)

Stress and morale in general practice: a comparison of two health care systems. (5/1744)

BACKGROUND: Poor morale and high levels of stress among general practitioners (GPs) are causing concern. Little research has previously been carried out to study possible differences in morale and stress between GPs working in two different but geographically similar health care systems. AIM: To compare perceived levels of stress and morale between GPs working in two different health care systems--one having a state monopoly (Northern Ireland) and the other having mixed private and state funding (Republic of Ireland)--and to look for factors that might help explain any differences in stress levels and morale between the two systems. METHOD: Anonymous and confidential questionnaires were sent to all 986 National Health Service (NHS) GPs in Northern Ireland (NI) and a random sample of 900 GPs in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). A common set of core questions on demographic details, partners and work patterns, perceived levels of stress and morale, safety, violence, and complaints were asked. RESULTS: Response rates were high in both areas: 91% in NI and 78% in the ROI. GPs in NI had significantly higher stress levels and significantly lower levels of morale than GPs in the ROI. The NI sample expect matters to get worse over the following year. Doctors in the ROI were more likely to be single handed and to work from two sites. Also, more GPs in ROI had fears for their safety and had been the subject of physical violence, but fewer had received complaints and medico-legal actions than in NI. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of both groups of doctors report feeling highly stressed but GPs in NI appear more unhappy and have a poorer outlook for the future. It is suggested that the structure, management, and expectations of the NHS have taken a severe toll on its GPs, whereas a system in which doctors have less practice support but more control is good for morale.  (+info)

What parents think of fever. (6/1744)

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess knowledge, perception and management of fever by parents. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey among 392 parents of children attending locally a paediatric clinic at The Royal Oldham Hospital. The main outcome measures were answers to questions covering a variety of aspects of the knowledge, perception and management of fever by parents. RESULTS: Almost half the parents used a liquid crystal forehead thermometer. Most could not use a glass thermometer. Thirty per cent did not know normal body temperature and would have treated children with a temperature below 38 degrees C. Sixty-four per cent treated fever with both paracetamol and tepid sponging. Most parents awakened children at night for antipyretics. Eighty-one per cent thought that untreated fever was most likely to cause fits or brain damage and 7% thought it could cause death. CONCLUSION: Parents perceive fever as being dangerous. They have a poor knowledge and measure it inaccurately. Needless consultations and hospital admissions could be avoided by a change in perception.  (+info)

Mental health/medical care cost offsets: opportunities for managed care. (7/1744)

Health services researchers have long observed that outpatient mental health treatment sometimes leads to a reduction in unnecessary or excessive general medical care expenditures. Such reductions, or cost offsets, have been found following mental health treatment of distressed elderly medical inpatients, some patients as they develop major medical illnesses, primary care outpatients with multiple unexplained somatic complaints, and nonelderly adults with alcoholism. In this paper we argue that managed care has an opportunity to capture these medical care cost savings by training utilization managers to make mental health services more accessible to patients whose excessive use of medical care is related to psychological factors. For financial reasons, such policies are most likely to develop within health care plans that integrate the financing and management of mental health and medical/surgical benefits.  (+info)

Incidence, outcomes, and cost of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. (8/1744)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of foot ulcers in a large cohort of patients with diabetes, the risk of developing serious complications after diagnosis, and the attributable cost of care compared with that in patients without foot ulcers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with diabetes in a large staff-model health maintenance organization from 1993 to 1995. Patients with diabetes were identified by algorithm using administrative, laboratory, and pharmacy records. The data were used to calculate incidence of foot ulcers, risk of osteomyelitis, amputation, and death after diagnosis of foot ulcer, and attributable costs in foot ulcer patients compared with patients without foot ulcers. RESULTS: Among 8,905 patients identified with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, 514 developed a foot ulcer over 3 years of observation (cumulative incidence 5.8%). On or after the time of diagnosis, 77 (15%) patients developed osteomyelitis and 80 (15.6%) required amputation. Survival at 3 years was 72% for the foot ulcer patients versus 87% for a group of age- and sex-matched diabetic patients without foot ulcers (P < 0.001). The attributable cost for a 40- to 65-year-old male with a new foot ulcer was $27,987 for the 2 years after diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of foot ulcers in this cohort of patients with diabetes was nearly 2.0% per year. For those who developed ulcers, morbidity, mortality, and excess care costs were substantial compared with those for patients without foot ulcers. The results appear to support the value of foot-ulcer prevention programs for patients with diabetes.  (+info)

Results: Seropositivity (43%), usually unknown (72% of seropositives), was predicted by injection drug use, alcohol use, older age, and risky sexual behavior. No regular source of care, risky sexual behavior, less case management, and greater age predicted not knowing ones positive status. Health insurance, younger age, alcohol use, perceived bad health and more medical conditions predicted emergency room (ER) use; ER use was less likely among seropositives. Hospitalizations were predicted by more medical conditions and greater percentage of life homeless and were less frequent among African Americans and males. Ambulatory visits were predicted by a regular source of care, case management, more education and perceived bad health; they were less likely among seropositives ...
This study found that older adults receiving a statin after discharge from hospital with IHD realized significant mortality benefits; however, reductions in re-hospitalizations, physician visits, or coronary revascularizations were not demonstrated over the follow-up period of approximately two years.. Thirty-eight percent (38%) of older adults discharged from hospital received statins in our study; this may seem inconsistent with current North American guidelines which suggest that most patients at high-risk for CVD disease should receive treatment with these medications regardless of age [46, 47]. The low utilization of statins in our population may be a reflection of the study period (1997-2001), with other studies reporting utilization of statins in older adults with established disease over this time period describing similar prescribing rates [48-51].. This study demonstrated that older adults with increased markers for disease severity were less likely to be dispensed statins after ...
The 2013 Kenya Household Health Expenditure and Utilisation Survey (2013 KHHEUS) represents the continued effort and commitment by the Ministry of Health (MoH) to ensure the availability of data on trends on health service utilisation and out-of-pocket spending. This report presents the findings of this survey, with a special focus on healthcare service use, out-of-pocket spending on health, factors that influence healthcare use and expenditure, and health insurance coverage. In addition, the report highlights the trends on healthcare utilisation and expenditure from 2003 to 2013.. ...
Pharmacist-provided comprehensive medication management led to a significant difference in emergency department visits and a cost savings of $2.10 to $2.60 for every $1.00 spent relative to a comparator group.
Dias Lima, V., Kopec, J.A. (2005) Quantifying the effect of health status on healthcare utilization using a preference-based health measure. Social Science and Medicine 60(3): 515- ...
There is increasing interest in deploying Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) practices in emergency departments (ED). However, the current literature is inconclusive on whether or not SBIRT practices are cost effective and cost beneficial. In order to answer this question, new analytical methods need to be developed.. The objective of the following study was to pilot a new experimental methodology - modeling costs using a multilevel generalized linear model (GLM) - for studying the impact of SBIRT on healthcare utilization and costs. ...
This national survey was conducted to compare health services utilization and expenditures in 1970 with results of similar studies done in 1953, 1958, and 1964. In the survey, respondents from 3,763 families plus additional older individuals -- a total of 11,619 persons -- were interviewed in 1971. One or more persons in each family provided information regarding use of health services, the cost of such services, and how these costs were met for the calendar year 1970. Information was also collected on perceptions of illness and health, attitudes and opinions about medical care in the United States, and health beliefs. An attempt was made to verify all hospital admissions, physician visits, and insurance reports and claims. These verifications had two purposes: first, to determine if the reported care was, in fact, provided during the survey year, and second, to elicit more precise information than the families were likely to give on diagnoses, costs, kinds of treatment, and sources of payment ...
Branch, L., Jette, A. and Evashwick, C. (1981) Toward understanding elders health service utilization. Journal of Adolescent Health, 7, 80-92.
中谷 素子 , 東 あかね , 池田 順子 , 中澤 敦子 , 田中 恵子 , 入江 祐子 , 松村 淳子 , 杉野 成 , 小笹 晃太郎 , 渡邊 能行 日本公衆衛生雑誌 = JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 52(4), 338-348, 2005-04-15 J-STAGE 医中誌Web 参考文献22件 被引用文献6件 ...
Asking people how they would seek healthcare in a hypothetical situation can be an efficient way to estimate healthcare utilization, but it is unclear how intended healthcare use corresponds to actual healthcare use. We performed a cross-sectional survey between August and September 2012 among households in Soweto and Klerksdorp, South Africa, to compare healthcare seeking behaviors intended for hypothetical common infectious syndromes (pneumonia, influenza-like illness [ILI], chronic respiratory illness, meningitis in persons of any age, and diarrhea in a child | 5 years old) with the self-reported healthcare use among patients with those syndromes. For most syndromes, the proportion of respondents who intended to seek healthcare at any facility or provider (99-100%) in a hypothetical scenario exceeded the proportion that did seek care (78-100%). More people intended to seek care for a child | 5 years old with diarrhea (186/188 [99%]) than actually did seek care (32/41 [78%], P | 0.01). Although most
Vancouver Coastal Health (VCH) provides health-care services through a network of hospitals, primary care clinics, community health centres and long-term care homes. Search our health-care services in Vancouver, Richmond, North and West Vancouver and along the Sea-to-Sky Highway, Sunshine Coast and BCs Central Coast. ...
Vancouver Coastal Health (VCH) provides health-care services through a network of hospitals, primary care clinics, community health centres and long-term care homes. Search our health-care services in Vancouver, Richmond, North and West Vancouver and along the Sea-to-Sky Highway, Sunshine Coast and BCs Central Coast. ...
HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATORS set the overall health direction of an organization. They plan, organize, coordinate, and supervise the delivery of healthcare in hospitals, out-patient clinics, drug-abuse treatment centers and various other long-term care facilities. They make sure that health services centers operate efficiently and provide the proper medical care to patients. They are responsible for developing a team of personnel and support services, facilities, and equipment. They make long term institutional plans by assessing the need for more services, and by recommending changes such as opening a home health service.. ...
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HealthLink BCs health service navigators can provide you with health information, help you navigate the health care system and find health services across the province, or connect you with a registered nurse, registered dietitian, qualified exercise professional, or pharmacist. Visit Navigation Services at HealthLink BC for additional information.
RTA offers service to more than 20 of Greater Clevelands most prestigious and world-renowned hospitals, providing fast and convenient access to quality health care.. Riders from Westlake to Parma to Euclid can utilize top-notch in-patient and out-patient health-care services to achieve a more desirable living standard -- and RTA provides them an affordable means to do so.. Check out the list of hospitals and adjoining routes below to plan your next hospital visit.. ...
On Thursday, November 9, 2017, Nanticoke Health Services paid tribute to healthcare leaders in the Western Sussex County community. The Nanticoke Health Services Tributes for Healthcare Leadership awards individuals or organizations who have made...
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Regency Health Services Inc News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Regency Health Services Inc From The latimes
View Notes - 9780335233649 from ECON 3315 at Andhra University. Section I Investigating health services and health: the scope of research Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from
This section addresses health services financing and utilization, access to care, and trends in health care expenditure by payers.
TORONTO, ON--(Marketwired - October 31, 2016) - Bellwood Health Services and the Waterstone Clinic, part of the Edgewood Health Network, celebrated their move to their new treatment centre in the community of Leaside, located in midtown Toronto, on October 27. Following a $7 million dollar renovation, the newly refurbished hospital...
Center for Health Services helping children with special needs. Provide education, health care support, fund research, increasing awareness and advocate for children and young adults with learning, so
Poway Unified School District (PUSD), Health Services, Health Forms, immunization, allergic reactions, diabetes, TB Clinic, Medication
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HEALTH SERVICES AND CARE RESEARCH ADMINISTRATOR in Full Time, Not specified, Faculty Positions with University of Wisconsin-Madison. Apply Today.
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MaaS (Model as a Service) might allow building and controlling shared healthcare Cloud-ready data, affording agile data design, economies of scale and maintaining a trusted environment and scaling ... | Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Important questions about health care are often addressed by studying health care utilization. Utilization data have several characteristics that make them a challenge to analyze. In this paper we discuss sources of information, the statistical properties of utilization data, common analytic methods …
IPA provides management consulting services to businesses throughout the US and Canada. We analyze financial, operational and sales functions of businesses, identifying strengths and deficiencies, and providing recommendations for improvement.
Well explore the wide worlds of science, health and technology with content from our science squad and other places were finding news.. ...
Now, the CCG, which plans and buys healthcare for more than 288,000 people, wants the public to have its say at the Proact from 6pm to 8pm on Tuesday. It is the latest in a series of meetings organised by the CCG to help finalise its priorities for the next five years ...
Older vulnerable people are often reliant on relatives to raise concerns when things go wrong in hospital, yet over half (51%) of family members with a concern say it is difficult to complain about the hospital care or treatment of ...
Kimball Health Services invites you to come see why were trusted and loved by our patients. While youre in town for your clinic or hospital visit, Kimball Health Services invites you to check out our local businesses.
Simone Reppermund, Preeyaporn Srasuebkul, Theresa Heintze, Rebecca Reeve, Kimberlie Dean, Eric Emerson, David Coyne, Phillip Snoyman, Eileen Baldry, Leanne Dowse, Tracey Szanto, Grant Sara, Tony Florio, Julian N Trollor ...
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Our quality commitment is to ensure that you receive the best health care possible today and that you are fully involved in the future of your health service ...
Our quality commitment is to ensure that you receive the best health care possible today and that you are fully involved in the future of your health service ...
Individuals living in rural mountain areas tend to use health services less to manage discomfort or illness. This study aims to identify the variables that best explain the health service utilization of a sample of the rural population in the Dabie Mountains in China. To obtain information about health service utilization, a cross-sectional household survey was conducted using face-to-face interviews among the residents of a poor town in the Dabie Mountains. A total of 1,003 residents aged 15 or more, who had felt unwell in the last two weeks before the survey, were included in the analysis. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the factors influencing health service utilization. A total of 51.2% of those surveyed had not used health services when they felt unwell, higher than the data reported in the 4th National Health Services Survey of China. Enabling variables played an important role in predicting the utilization of health services. Factors associated with increased
Background: Knowledge of utilization of health services and asso- ciated factors is important in planning and delivery of interventions to improve health services coverage. This knowledge is however limited in many developing countries. We determined the preva- lence and factors associated with health services utilization in a rural area of Kenya. Our findings inform the local health management in development of appropriately targeted interventions. Methods: Design: Cluster sample survey. Population: Residents of Kaloleni sub-County in Kenya. Participants/respondents: Household key informants. Outcomes: (i) History of illness for household members and (ii) health services utilization in the preceding month, (iii) factors associated with health services utilization. Analyses: Estimation of prevalence (outcomes i and ii) and random effects logistic regression (outcome iii). Findings: 1230/6,440 (19.1%, 95% CI: 18.3%-20.2%) household members reported an illness in the month preceding the survey. Of these,
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We document the impact of the AIDS crisis on non-AIDS related health services in fourteen sub-Saharan African countries. Using multiple waves of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for each country, we examine antenatal care, birth deliveries, and rates of immunization for children born between 1988 and 2005. We find deterioration in nearly all of these dimensions of health care over this period. The most recent DHS survey for each country collected data on HIV prevalence, which allows us to examine the association between HIV burden and health care. We find that erosion of health services is highly correlated with increases in AIDS prevalence. Regions of countries that have light AIDS burdens have witnessed small or no declines in health care, using the measures noted above, while those regions currently shouldering the heaviest burdens have seen the largest erosion in treatment for pregnant women and children. Using semi-parametric techniques, we can date the
There has been an expansion of circumcision services in Africa as part of a long-term HIV prevention strategy. However, the effect of infant male circumcision on morbidity and mortality still remains unclear. Acute morbidities associated with circumcision include pain, bleeding, swelling, infection, tetanus or inadequate skin removal. Scale-up of circumcision services could lead to a rise in these associated morbidities that could have significant impact on health service delivery and the safety of infants. Multidisciplinary training programmes have been developed to improve skills of health service providers, but very little is known about the effectiveness of health service provider education and/or training for infant male circumcision on short- and long-term morbidity outcomes. This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of health service provider education and/or training for infant male circumcision on short- and long-term morbidity outcomes. The review will include studies comparing health
Background: The phenomenon of inequitable healthcare utilization in rural China interests policymakers and researchers; however, the inequity has not been actually measured to present the magnitude and trend using nationally representative data. Methods: Based on the National Health Service Survey (NHSS) in 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2008, the Probit model with the probability of outpatient visit and the probability of inpatient visit as the dependent variables is applied to estimate need-predicted healthcare utilization. Furthermore, need-standardized healthcare utilization is assessed through indirect standardization method. Concentration index is measured to reflect income-related inequity of healthcare utilization.
A method and system for allowing a user to select a healthcare services package is disclosed where a central server generally receives personal information data from the user over the Internet regarding the users preferences with respect to healthcare service providers and the users sponsor, i.e., the party responsible for paying for all or part of the users healthcare costs (such as an employer, an insurance company or the user himself). The server thereafter provides a list comprising a plurality of healthcare service providers and information regarding the healthcare service providers (e.g., specialty, rate, location, hospital affiliation, etc.) to the user for selection by the user of a healthcare services panel. Once the server has received the selected healthcare services panel from the user comprising at least one of the listed healthcare service providers, the server determines a healthcare services package and provides the determined healthcare services package to the user for selection by
Context: Few studies in developing settings seek to determine caregivers level of satisfaction with medical services provided for their children. High-quality medical care is associated with improved health outcomes and higher health-care utilization. Aims: We sought to understand caregiver satisfaction in the pediatric ward of a large hospital in Botswana. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey was conducted in the pediatrics medical ward at a referral hospital in Gaborone, Botswana, between September and October 2017. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on caregivers admitted with their children in the pediatric ward of a large multispecialty hospital in Botswana. A total of 250 caregivers took a modified Service Quality Instrument from September to October 2017. The quality service instrument provides expectation and perception data in two subscales and assesses the difference between expectation and perception score, or gap score, for five ...
Self-treatment of exacerbations is beneficial in COPD patients without significant comorbidities because it reduces exacerbation duration, exacerbation severity and health-care utilization leading to considerable cost savings.
Tullawon Health Service Inc. was established in 1984 as an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service. Tullawon Health Service Inc. is based at Yalata, a community off the Eyre Highway in South Australia, approximately 200kms west of Ceduna. The organisation delivers a full primary health care service focusing on mothers and babies health, chronic disease, and a range of other programs. A medical director visits regularly with a team of doctors and health practitioners, and is supported by visits from the Royal Flying Doctor Service. The organisation also employs a mental health registered nurse with aims to address psychiatric issues and provide better support for health promotion, alcohol and other drug use, smoking and counselling programs.. Abstract adapted from Tullawon Health Service Inc.. ...
Patient BillingQuestions about your account should be directed to the Health Services Billing Office at (218) 726-7070.Health Services Eligibility and CostsAll students are eligible to use Health Services. The student service fee covers appointments with medical providers for students taking six or more credits. Some services such as x-rays, lab tests, immunizations and
December 31, 2009. For the past 19 years, Frank Santos, CFO of the privately held, seven-property Rosen Hotels and Resorts in Orlando, Florida, has prided himself on delivering high-quality health care to his employees in a unique and low-cost way.In 1991 the company set up a primary-care clinic in one of its hotels, allowing employees to get basic health-care services during their working hours. By cutting out other primary-care options and contracting directly with hospitals and specialists for additional services, Santos says, the company has been able to offer a full health-care package to its 5,000 or so employees and their families and save at least $10 million a year compared with national averages.Beyond the basics, the company goes to great lengths to keep its employees healthy, including offering them many wellness services, such as exercise classes and serving only healthy foods (no French fries) in its cafeterias.. The current Senate health-care reform bill that passed on Christmas ...
PHSA works in collaboration with other health authorities and health-care professionals to deliver health-care services throughout BC. Find information and resources on health care and the health-care profession ...
From January to March 2001, five national organizations including CIHI undertook a consultation to identify research themes for future applied health services and policy research. Called Listening for Direction: a national consultation on health services and policy issues, the main objective of the consultation was to help design research themes that respond to the needs of policy makers and managers in the healthcare system for the next two to five years. ...
Archie Cochrane is best known for his influential book, Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services published in 1972. The principles he set out in it so clearly were straightforward: he suggested that, because resources would always be limited, they should be used to provide equitably those forms of health care which had been shown in properly designed evaluations to be effective. In particular, he stressed the importance of using evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) because these were likely to provide much more reliable information than other sources of evidence. Cochranes simple propositions were soon widely recognised as seminally important - by lay people as well as by health professionals. In 1979 he wrote, It is surely a great criticism of our profession that we have not organised a critical summary, by specialty or subspecialty, adapted periodically, of all relevant randomised controlled trials. His challenge led to the establishment during the ...
Higher intensity of care management in an all-condition program addressing care coordination and care barriers was associated with increased healthcare utilization among Medicaid and Medicare patients.
This national survey was conducted to compare health services utilization and expenditures in 1970 with results of similar studies done in 1953, 1958, and 1964. In the survey, respondents from 3,763 families plus additional older individuals -- a total of 11,619 persons -- were interviewed in 1971. One or more persons in each family provided information regarding use of health services, the cost of such services, and how these costs were met for the calendar year 1970. Information was also collected on perceptions of illness and health, attitudes and opinions about medical care in the United States, and health beliefs. An attempt was made to verify all hospital admissions, physician visits, and insurance reports and claims. These verifications had two purposes: first, to determine if the reported care was, in fact, provided during the survey year, and second, to elicit more precise information than the families were likely to give on diagnoses, costs, kinds of treatment, and sources of payment ...
This case is presented to highlight the impact of obesity and irregular healthcare utilization on the diagnosis of acromegaly. A new patient
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Being able to see a health professional can help a person to stay well and ensure that they receive appropriate care as early as possible if they become unwell. In rural and, especially, remote areas such timely access is more difficult because of shortages of health professionals. Plenty of evidence is available about the sort of health services that work well for people who live in rural and even isolated areas. But frequently these services cant be provided because of the maldistribution of health professionals.
Background: Early-onset dementia, affecting people under the age of 65, is a growing disease world-wide. The symptoms occurs as changes in personality, concentration difficulties and memory losses. The disease leads to a life-long need of care and support, which often requires that the relatives contribute with.. Aim: The aim of this literature study was to explore the experiences of being a relative to a close one with early-onset dementia.. Method: Eight qualitative studies were included in this literature review. Fribergs model for literature reviews was used for the analysis.. Result: The sub-categories who emerged were divided into 5 categories which highlights experiences of being a relative to a close one with early-onset dementia; The horrible diagnosis, emotional reactions, coping with the difficult situation, changes in the life-situation, support and lack of support.. Conclusion: Overall the relatives experienced a lack of support from health-care services. They felt unseen and ...
Under the ADA, service animals must be harnessed, leashed, or tethered, unless such restraints interfere with the service animals work or the individuals disability prevents using these devices. In that case, the individual must maintain control of the service animal through voice or other controls. The owner/handler of a service animal is responsible for controlling the service animal and paying to repair any damage caused by the service animal. If the animal does become unreasonably disruptive or threatening, the owner is responsible for controlling it. If it cannot be controlled, the animal may be excluded, but the guest should be welcome to stay without the animal. Courts have made it clear that unless a service animal is disruptive (in a manner unrelated to its service function) or dangerous, it may not be removed or excluded. In any event, most service animals are particularly trained to be around people and are not dangerous ...
Health Services provides, creates and maintains an environment of promoting preventative health practices. These services include, but are not limited to, first aid, treatment of acute illnesses, health maintenance and screening.
YEHS - Your Excellent Health Service, 1 Harley Street, provides excellent quality private health care, products and health screening without barriers to access at convenient times from a central location but with national and international partners.
YEHS - Your Excellent Health Service, 1 Harley Street, provides excellent quality private health care, products and health screening without barriers to access at convenient times from a central location but with national and international partners.
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Negotiations have broken down between the Southland District Health Board and the PSA and New Zealand Nurses Organisation after two days of talks, placing the regions health services at risk, PSA and combined unions spokesperson, Mark Ryan said today.
City-Driven Approach to Determine Health Services Based on Current User Location and Collaborative Information: 10.4018/IJKSR.2016010104: In this work, an approach focused on locating and recommending health care centers within a certain range of distance is presented. The proposed approach
Hillcrest Health Services is a progressive, locally owned and growing health care company. As a member of our team youll join an organization where you make a difference. We offer competitive salary and benefits programs in addition to an environment that drives creativity and growth. ...
Laguna Hills, CA (PRWEB) July 10, 2020 -- CareWorks Health Services announced today that it has received both the 2020 Best of Home Care® - Provider of Choice
The government announced that GPs would be offered voluntary contracts to provide seven day health services amidst concerns about the future of the NHS
43.83D.090 Retirement of bonds from social and health service facilities bond redemption fund-Retail sales tax collections-Remedies of bond holders. ...
Central Connecticut Senior Health Services is offering free blood pressure screenings on various dates and in convenient locations during September. These include: Tuesday, Sept. 2, 9:30 to 10:30 a.m., Southington YMCA, 29 High St., Southington; Thursday, Sept. 4, 11 a.m. to 12 p.m., Calendar House,...
43.83H.168 Retirement of bonds and notes from social and health services bond redemption fund of 1979-Retirement of bonds and notes from state general obligation bond retirement fund-Remedies of bondholders. ...
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Figure 9.13: State Dependent Service. Figure 9.13 shows this model with the addition of a Modifier to set the exponential mean service time. When the transaction leaves the queue to begin service, it passes through a Trigger that sets the parameter for the service time as a function of the class of transaction that is to receive the service. In addition to the parameter, other models can change the shape of the service distribution. ...
Epidemiology as a fundamental science, its uses in health services planning, administration, and evaluation by Kerr L. White, Maureen M. Henderson, unknown edition,
Imagine working at Jordan Health Services, Ltd. before you get there. Explore the company profile and learn everything from culture to benefits.
SENATOR Sonny Angara pushed for the passage of a bill that will make health services available to all Filipinos at affordable cost even to patients su...
Job posted 14 days ago - United Health Services is looking for a Neurosurgeon, apply today and get your next job at CareerBuilder.
In the U.S. influenza epidemics lead to around: • 600,000 life years lost • 3 million hospitalized days • 30 million outpatient visits
Last updated: January 23, 2020. Please read these Terms of Use (Terms, Terms of Use) carefully before using the https://skyfit.net website (the Service) operated by SkyFit (us, we, or our).. Your access to and use of the Service is conditioned on your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These Terms apply to all visitors, users and others who access or use the Service.. By accessing or using the Service you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the terms then you may not access the Service.. Intellectual ...
The ministry has directed BR to stop passenger train services because it is an expensive exercise. More details as to when the service will be suspended are expected early next week. In October 2006, BR indefinitely suspended the day passenger train service and now the night train is to be stopped.. The passenger coaches will be sold to raise funds as part of a strategy to re-finance BR which made a P78 million loss over the last year. The company now requires a recapitalisation of close to P600 million.. Swartz said in Parliament yesterday that halting the passenger train service is a necessary evil that must be tolerated for the success of the company.. BR is expected to announce the indefinite suspension of the train service early this week. BR, spokesperson Linah Masenya said details will be available at a press briefing next week.. Swartz said they will have to adopt measures to reduce the ...
"Health Services , Kericho County". www.kericho.go.ke. Retrieved 28 May 2020. "Kenya Rural Roads Authority". www.kerra.go.ke. ... Source There are a total of 136 health facilities in the county with one county referral hospital. County has 2,084 health ... "EDUCATION, SOCIAL SERVICES, YOUTH AND CULTURE , KERICHO COUNTY". www.kericho.go.ke. Retrieved 28 May 2020. "Kericho County ...
"Health Services". www.kisii.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020. "Kenya Rural Roads Authority". www.kerra.go.ke. Retrieved 29 May 2020 ... Source There are a total of 168 health facilities in the county with one county referral hospital. County has 462 health ...
"Health Services". Kiambu County Government. Retrieved 28 May 2020. "County Statistical Abstract Kiambu County 2015". Kenya ... There are a total of 505 health facilities, of this 108 are public, 64 are faith-based and 333 are private health facilities. ... Source Ministry of Health, County Government of Kiambu The County is covered by 2,049.8 km of road networks. Of this 459 km is ... County has 2652 health personnel of different cadre with a doctor/population ratio of 1:6667, while the nurse population ratio ...
In addition, the U.S. Public Health Lawton Indian Hospital is located in the city to provide health services for the large ... "Lawton Service Unit". Indian Health Services. Retrieved 3 April 2011. Goins, Charles; Goble, Danney; Morris, John W. (2006). ... Intercity bus service is available from Jefferson Lines. By air, Lawton is served by the Lawton-Fort Sill Regional Airport (LAW ... US Fish & Wildlife Service. Archived from the original on 27 February 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010. "Mayor/Council". City of ...
Services, Alberta Health. "Blanket exercise explores Indigenous experience , Alberta Health Services". Alberta Health Services ...
Health & Human Services; Technology and Environment; and Trades and Transportation. They reflect the labour market needs and ... applied arts and health science educational programs. The Nova Scotia Community College occupies 14 campuses, located in: ... and allow for the development and coordination of college programs and services at a province-wide level. This would work to ...
BMC Health Services Research. 10: 182. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-182. PMC 2912894. PMID 20584273. Faber, Marjan J; Grande, ... BMC Health Services Research. 13: 296. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-296. PMC 3750930. PMID 23919518. Vanhaecht, Kris; Ovretveit, ... Journal of Home Health Care Practice. 8 (2): 48-58. doi:10.1177/108482239600800213. Mould, Gillian; Bowers, John (September ... the Health Professions. 35 (1): 3-27. doi:10.1177/0163278711407313. PMID 21613244. Deneckere, Svin; Euwema, Martin; Van Herck, ...
... health and human services; and public safety. Arizona requires lottery players to be at least 21; the minimum age was 18 until ...
... faces challenges in delivering nutrition services, such as the coordination of its nutrition services with changing health and ... Orange County Health Care Agency. (2011). Public health services. Retrieved from http://ochealthinfo.com/public/nutrition/wic ... along with the use of information technology to assess the effect of nutrition services and to enhance service delivery and ... New health challenges include the "obesity epidemic". The demography of the low-income population that the WIC program serves ...
BMC Health Services Research. 13 (6): 6. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-6. PMC 3545900. PMID 23289547. Susu, B; Ransjö-Arvidson AB; ... Kwapong, Olivia (3 November 2008). "The health situation of women in Ghana". Rural and Remote Health. 8 (4): 963. PMID 18983209 ... more productive working life due to health improvements. Although other improvements in public health are necessary to fully ... Bulletin of the World Health Organization. World Health Organization. 89 (4): 258-266. doi:10.2471/BLT.10.083329. PMC 3066524. ...
"Southampton Hospital". Grey Bruce Health Services. Grey Bruce Health Services'. Retrieved 3 March 2017. Robertson, Norman. The ... The hospital is part of the Grey Bruce Health Services' network of hospitals in northern Bruce and in Grey County. Hospital ... After the railways ceased to service the area, the tracks were removed and the beds were vacant and overgrown. A group of ... billion refurbishment program in 2016 which will provide employment for many residents and maintain demand for other services. ...
BMC Health Services Research. 19 (1): 784. doi:10.1186/s12913-019-4642-8. PMC 6825333. PMID 31675963. "How is heroin linked to ... Weber, Lauren (2019-05-20). "Why Missouri's The Last Holdout On A Statewide Rx Monitoring Program". Kaiser Health News. Rhodes ... "Pawankumar Jain Pleads Guilty to Unlawfully Dispensing Prescription Painkillers and Health Care Fraud". Department of Justice. ... prescription drug abuse?". National Institutes of Health. Archived from the original on 2014-02-28. "Understanding the Epidemic ...
"Health Transport Services" (PDF). Waikato District Health Board. November 2015. "List of Community Transport Providers" (PDF). ... The health buses are mainly funded by the District Health Board and link Waikato Hospital to most of the regions towns and some ... p. 3. "HEAVY BUS SERVICE CUTS WIN APPROVAL". Waikato Times. 11 November 1971. p. 1. "Hamilton bus service in economic peril, ... By 1924 the service car network was more extensive than the current services. In 1929 the Northern Steamship Co ended its ...
"Health & Human Services / Education". www.ncmich.edu. Retrieved September 22, 2019. Official website v t e. ... The latest addition to the campus is the Health Education and Science Center, a 23,300 square-foot building to house biology, ... and the College's Learning Support Services, which include open computer labs, a tutoring center, assessment and testing ...
Department of Health & Human Services. July 2010. Drake, Gordon W. F. (July 1, 2010). "Editorial: 40th Anniversary of Physical ... Earth Sciences Chemical Abstracts Service - CASSI Current Physics Index Inspec MEDLINE Index Medicus PubMed NLM catalog Physics ...
Services, Department of Health & Human. "Swimming - health benefits". www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 29 March 2019. " ... "Swimming - health benefits - Better Health Channel". Betterhealth.vic.gov.au. 30 August 2013. Archived from the original on 15 ... "Swimming improves mental health , How swimming eases the mind". Just Swim. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2018. "How ... It is a low-impact workout that has several mental and bodily health benefits all while being a good recreational activity. ...
For political and public service. Matilda Macattram - Founder and Director, Black Mental Health UK. For services to mental ... For public service. Cressida Dick, CBE, QPM - Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service. For public service. Charles ... For services to public health. Fiona Hill - Former Joint Chief of Staff to the Prime Minister and Special Adviser to the Home ... For services to public health. Raoul Ruparel - Lately Special Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of State for ...
"Osteomyelitis". Department of Health & Human Services. State Government of Victoria, Australia. Retrieved 2019-05-26. Bowstead ...
"Baringo County Government - Health Services". baringo.go.ke. Retrieved 25 May 2020. "Fly SAX starts flights to Lake Baringo". ... There are a total of 172 health facilities; seven level four, 25 level three and 140 level 2 centres. The county headquarters ...
"Glenden Primary Health Care Centre". Mackay Hospital and Health Services. Archived from the original on 11 February 2021. ... "Emergency services facilities - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 18 November 2020. Archived from the ... "Central Region". Queensland Fire and Emergency Services. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 11 February ... Glenden Primary Health Care Centre is at 4 Bell Place (21°21′30″S 148°07′08″E / 21.3582°S 148.1189°E / -21.3582; 148.1189 ( ...
... models of health care delivery List of UK think tanks Social research Health and Social Care Act 2012 National Health Service ( ... In 1998 the Trust adopted the name The Nuffield Trust for Research and Policy Studies in Health Services, retaining "The ... Official Nuffield Trust website "The Nuffield Trust for Research and Policy Studies in Health Services, registered charity no. ... "Non-random reflections on health services research". Nuffield Trust. Nuffield Trust. Retrieved 19 October 2015. Cochrane, ...
"Ahwatukee Foothills Village Primary Care Area (PCA) Statistical Profile 2016" (PDF). Arizona Department of Health Services. ... Riders, however, have complained of poor service after a new contractor took over the route in 2016. Portions of Ahwatukee are ... Maryniak, Paul (24 August 2016). "Ahwatukee bus users complain of poor service under new operator". Ahwatukee Foothills News. ... service shops, and a runway for company executives. The grounds were sold to a property development company in 1983, due to a ...
Statistical findings show that "patients in the highest-spending regions of the country receive 60 percent more health services ... Committee on Comparative Effectiveness Research Prioritization; Board on Health Care Services; Institute of Medicine (2009). ... There was initial disagreement regarding whether CER will be used to limit patient health care options, or help lower health ... have documented a large gap in the quality and outcomes and health services being delivered. Unwarranted variation in medical ...
... to sexual health services". Pharmaceutical Journal. 29 June 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020. "Refusing to Provide Health ... led to off-label use of DES as a postcoital contraceptive becoming prevalent at many university health services. In May 1973, ... The World Health Organization (WHO) suggested that reasonable effectiveness may continue for up to 120 hours (5 days) after ... The World Health Organization (WHO) lists no medical condition for which the risks of emergency contraceptive pills outweigh ...
"CHARLES R. DREW UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND SCIENCE Single Audit Report" (PDF). Health Resources and Services Administration. ... a pioneer in addressing youth violence as a public health issue and the first woman Commissioner of Public Health for the ... A Medical School Affiliation Agreement between L.A. County Health Agency and CDU provides the programs with support of up to $ ... College of Medicine College of Science and Health Mervyn M. Dymally School of Nursing Faculty members at CDU conduct ongoing, ...
"Historical Evolution of Programs for Older Americans". US Dept of Health & Human Services. Archived from the original on 6 May ...
Webber K (2 June 2010). "FDA Approval Letter" (PDF). Department of Health and Human Services. Archived from the original (PDF) ...
"Donation Types." Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2017. Lori, Matt, Rep. "MEDICAL ... The school has to be credited by the Department of Community Health in order to receive a body and to be able to practice on it ... The United States Navy Tissue Bank is generally accepted as the first full tissue banking service of its kind in the world ... The family takes over cost responsibility of embalming if they request a funeral and the funeral home provides this service. ...
Health-Financial Services. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2009-10-28.. ... In February 2010, the House of Representatives voted 406-19 to repeal the McCarran-Ferguson Act with regard to health insurance ... One aspect of Republican proposals for healthcare reform in the United States is allowing interstate competition for health ... Buckley, Bob (October 28, 2009). "Health insurance companies exempt from anti-trust laws". The Examiner. Archived from the ...
Texas Department of State Health Services. Texas Death Certificates, 1903-1982. Missing or empty ,url= (help) "Record details: ...
Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc., 566 U.S. 66 (2012). See also Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank Int'l, 134 S ... a very practical problem accessing fetal DNA without creating a major health risk for the unborn child."[3] In December 2015, ...
"Journal of Health Services Research & Policy. 18 (3): 182-185. doi:10.1177/1355819613476017. PMC 4107840. PMID 23595575.. ... Ensuring a scalable, flexible and cost efficient system, IMPETUS proposes the application of the Function as a Service paradigm ... To fulfil these purposes, the project started to characterize data processes and services of vital importance for drone ... As a result, technologically and commercially feasible service solutions are elaborated and deployed in an experimental testing ...
... that has been determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services not to be a new animal drug by a regulation establishing ... Implement usage limitations when the Fish and Wildlife service express a potential adverse effect on a particular species based ... When concerns of the listed species aren't avoidable, they consult with the Fish and Wildlife Services scientist ... Minimum requirements for training of maintenance applicators and service technicians Section 30 ...
US Department of Health and Human Services. "Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL) 5th Edition" ... US Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "National Select ... US National Institutes of Health (NIH), US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). "Biodefense - NIAID ...
Education/health/. social services. 12% Leisure/hospitality. 10% Professional/. business services. 9% ... County, state and federal services[edit]. The United States Postal Service operates the Baytown Main Post Office at 601 West ... "NOAA: National Weather Service Forecast Office. Retrieved September 18, 2009.. *^ "Weather Stats". Greater Houston Convention ... Other services. 2% The centerpieces of Baytown's economies are three industrial districts the city has created, all outside the ...
Health and Human Services April 11, 1953 79,540. (2015) $1.286 trillion. (2020) Alex Azar. Secretary of Health and Human ... 13,000 Foreign Service. 11,000 Civil Service. 45,000 local $52.404 billion. (2018) Mike Pompeo. Secretary of State ... Services Housing and Urban Development September 9, 1965 8,416. (2014) $32.6 billion. (2014) Ben Carson. Secretary of Housing ...
"U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. June 2008. Archived from the original on 2014-02-07. Retrieved 2014-03-16.. ... "Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 91 (9): 671-682D. doi:10.2471/BLT.12.113415. PMC 3790213. PMID 24101783.. ... "U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014.. ... "Health Technology Assessment. 13 (41): 1-190, 215-357, iii-iv. doi:10.3310/hta13410. hdl:10536/DRO/DU:30064294. PMID 19726018. ...
Unions are also delineated by the service model and the organizing model. The service model union focuses more on maintaining ... occupational health and safety standards, complaint procedures, rules governing status of employees including promotions, just ... Congressional Research Service. 31 Aug 2004 *^ Doree Armstrong (12 February 2014). Jake Rosenfeld explores the sharp decline of ... An agency shop requires non-union workers to pay a fee to the union for its services in negotiating their contract. This is ...
A branch of the Uganda Railways was extended to Arua sometime after 1964, but there has been no passenger rail service in ... Arua Hospital, a 128-bed public, regional referral hospital administered by the Uganda Ministry of Health main campus of Muni ... The city is served by Arua Airport, which has scheduled air service. The 2002 national census estimated the population of Arua ... "World Weather Information Service - Arua". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 1 September 2016. "Klimatafel von Arua ...
Such services are integral in ensuring that potential out-of-neighborhood students have access to these schools of choice. ... DeBakey High School for Health Professions in Houston, Texas is a magnet school specializing in medical sciences ... in magnet schools with free transportation services, non-white students comprise almost 33% of the student body, which is ... higher than the 23% found in magnet schools without such services. Moreover, 11.9% of magnet schools that do not provide ...
Half of plate to be filled with vegetables, according to Harvard School of Public Health ... Service à la française. *Service à la russe. *Silver service. *Small plates ... and vegetarianism are all techniques employed by individuals and encouraged by societies to increase longevity and health. Some ...
Public Health Service, or the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. Regardless, graduates are required to maintain their ... Graduates who choose military service must serve at least five years in the active duty force of their respective service. ... Unlike the nation's other Federal Service Academies, graduates of USMMA are required to fulfill their service obligation on ... The United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA or Kings Point) is a United States service academy in Kings Point, New York. ...
National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park ... The complex cost $1.8 million and was considered the most modern mental health facility in the country.[3] ... Massachusetts Department of Mental Health. *Local History & Genealogy - Waltham Room, with information on the closing of the ...
National Health Service in England (NHS), UK Dept. of Health. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-03-11.. ... National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Dept. of Health and ... According to the National Health Service (England), the most commonly used complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) ... According to mental health journalist Scott Lilienfeld in 2002, "unvalidated or scientifically unsupported mental health ...
Specialist shops offer advanced fitting services. The feet change shape and swell when running, so a shoe that fit while ... Sheehan, Jan (2009-04-13). "A Guide to Choosing Running Shoes - Foot Health Center". EverydayHealth.com. Retrieved 2014-05-26. ... the cumulative effect on performance and health can provide a competitive edge. Races are held on surfaces including gravel, ...
BBC news, 3 March 2003 and BBC World Service 11 Nov, 2014, Atlantis Online, House of Commons Hansard debates 2 April, 1993. ... health care or education facilities.[24] In addition, it is still uncertain if the marshes will completely recover, given ...
Borden struggled with alcoholism and numerous health problems. She spent her final years in the skid row section of Los Angeles ... officiated the service.[13] Borden was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.[14] Her mother was interred ... However, Borden's attempts to get back into acting were hindered by her alcoholism and health problems. ...
1997) 2. Established therapeutic networks between County Hospital to deliver better health-care services to people in remote ...
In declining health, Pol Pot stepped back from many of his roles in the movement. In 1998 the Khmer Rouge commander Ta Mok ... Sihanouk's security services cracked down further on Cambodia's socialists, incarcerating Pracheachon's leaders and leaving the ... We cannot last like this for very long".[393] Pol Pot's health was declining. He suffered from aortic stenosis and no longer ...
... in which Advaita Vedanta was combined with disciplines such as yoga and the concept of social service[34] to attain perfection ... the social evils of untouchability and casteism while launching social welfare programmes in the areas of education and health ... his nationalist thoughts and his emphasis on social service and reform had all inspired Subhas Chandra Bose from his very young ...
The French minister of education appointed a panel headed by Jean-Paul Fitoussi to inquire into economics teaching.[7] In 2000, the panel called for limited reform.[8] Articles associated with the movement were published in the Post-Autistic Economics Newsletter from September 2000. This electronic newsletter became the Post-Autistic Economics Review and, since 2008, has existed as the peer-reviewed journal Real-World Economics Review.[9] Several responses to the French students' open letter were also published in Le Monde. A counter-petition signed by 15 French economists was published in October 2000.[10] Robert Solow adhered to the "main thesis" of the French students' petition, but criticised the "opaque and almost incomprehensible" debate that followed among academics.[11] Olivier Blanchard also published a response defending mainstream economics.[9] Other notable economists, such as Steve Keen and James K. Galbraith, wrote elsewhere in support of the French students.[12] ...
The lack of accurate numbers makes it difficult for lawmakers who are considering legislation on hate crimes or social services ... The poor of any age were more likely than others to lack health insurance coverage; ...
AzIs press service. Archived from the original on 25 Dec 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2018.. ... Seer (garlic), represents good health. *Serkeh (vinegar), represents patience. *Sonbol (hyacinth), represents spring ...
Barnabas Health and Robert Wood Johnson Health System signed an agreement which outlines the merger between these two health ... The hospital was called Saint Barnabas Hospital and had been expanding services for many decades. Between 1950 and 1955 there ... Health, Barnabas. "Barnabas Health Names New President and CEO for Saint Barnabas Medical Center". www.PRNewswire.com. ... "Barnabas Health, Robert Wood Johnson finalize merger". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved November 16, 2017. Saint Barnabas Health Care ...
I've added it due to the disruption of telecommunication services in parts of Asia. -- tariqabjotu 19:29, 27 December 2006 (UTC ... He was a) not in power at the time of his death, b) not really sudden or tragic (being 93, and having health problems for the ... Not sure his current health condition is notable enough for Wikipedia. I do believe that his death would meet the criteria for ...
"Department of Health. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.. *^ "MBS online". Australian Government Department of ... In England, the NHS reference cost (2015-2016) for an adult outpatient PET scan is £798, and £242 for direct access services.[ ... Health. Retrieved 16 October 2018.. *^ Prekeges, Jennifer (2012). Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation. Jones & Bartlett Publishers ...
House Armed Services Committee (House Subcommittee on Air and Land Forces). *Senate Committee on Armed Services (Senate ... Retired from active military service upon reaching age 64 in 1924. 11.. MG John L. Hines. 14 September 1924. 20 November 1926. ... Relieved of command and retired from active military service in 1951. 14.. GEN Malin Craig. 2 October 1935. 31 August 1939. ... Chiefs of the Military Services. Chief of Staff of the Army: GEN Mark A. Milley. Commandant of the Marine Corps: Gen Robert ...
Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement. *Chinese unification. *Central Leading Group for Taiwan Affairs Leader: Xi Jinping. ... Education, Science, Culture and Public Health. *Foreign Affairs. *Overseas Chinese Affairs. *Environment Protection and ...
Government Services. *Indigenous Australians. *Indigenous Health. *Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Development. * ... Minister for Employment Services and Youth Affairs 24 July 1987 (1987-07-24) 19 January 1988 (1988-01-19) 179 days ... Minister for Employment Services 21 October 1998 (1998-10-21) 30 January 2001 (2001-01-30) 2 years, 101 days ... Minister for Employment and Education Services 19 January 1988 (1988-01-19) 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 2 years, 75 days ...
"International travel and health. World Health Organization (WHO). Archived from the original on 29 July 2014.. ... "UN News Service. 30 November 2007. Archived from the original on 3 March 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2008.. ... Ebola virus disease (Report). World Health Organization. Retrieved 6 June 2019.. *^ a b "CDC urges all US residents to avoid ... "World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved 14 May 2018.. *^ Yong E (21 May 2018). "Most Maps of the New Ebola Outbreak Are ...