Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
The status of health in urban populations.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The status of health in rural populations.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
Facilities having programs intended to promote and maintain a state of physical well-being for optimal performance and health.
Educational institutions.
Persons who donate their services.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The expected function of a member of a particular profession.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
The practice of nursing in the work environment.
Professional or volunteer members of a fire department who are trained to suppress fire and respond to related emergency.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.

Latino children's health and the family-community health promotion model. (1/7064)

A majority of Latino children in the US live in poverty. However, unlike other poor children, Latino children do not seem to have a consistent association between poverty and poor health. Instead, many poor Latino children have unexpectedly good health outcomes. This has been labeled an epidemiologic paradox. This paper proposes a new model of health, the family-community health promotion model, to account for this paradox. The family-community health promotion model emphasizes the family-community milieu of the child, in contrast to traditional models of health. In addition, the family-community model expands the outcome measures from physical health to functional health status, and underscores the contribution of cultural factors to functional health outcomes. In this paper, we applied the family-community health promotion model to four health outcomes: low birthweight, infant mortality, chronic and acute illness, and perceived health status. The implications of this model for research and policy are discussed.  (+info)

Prizes for weight loss. (2/7064)

A programme of weight loss competitions and associated activities in Tonga, intended to combat obesity and the noncommunicable diseases linked to it, has popular support and the potential to effect significant improvements in health.  (+info)

Risky single-occasion drinking amongst young people--definition, correlates, policy, and intervention: a broad overview of research findings. (3/7064)

Risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) has dire consequences upon health and well-being including unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS, crime, and car accidents. The prevalence of RSOD among young people is alarming. Despite this, as yet, a review of existing literature on RSOD amongst young people is lacking. This article will provide an overview of this area of research focusing on the definition of RSOD, its prevalence among young people, health and behavioural effects of RSOD, the perceived risk of RSOD among young people, and interventions to reduce RSOD in young people. In addition, recommendations are made for health educators interested in reducing the incidence of RSOD in young people.  (+info)

Restructuring the primary health care services and changing profile of family physicians in Turkey. (4/7064)

A new health-reform process has been initiated by Ministry of Health in Turkey. The aim of that reform is to improve the health status of the Turkish population and to provide health care to all citizens in an efficient and equitable manner. The restructuring of the current health system will allow more funds to be allocated to primary and preventive care and will create a managed market for secondary and tertiary care. In this article, we review the current and proposed primary care services models and the role of family physicians therein.  (+info)

Dietary isoflavones: biological effects and relevance to human health. (5/7064)

Substantial evidence indicates that diets high in plant-based foods may explain the epidemiologic variance of many hormone-dependent diseases that are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Western populations. There is now an increased awareness that plants contain many phytoprotectants. Lignans and isoflavones represent two of the main classes of phytoestrogens of current interest in clinical nutrition. Although ubiquitous in their occurrence in the plant kingdom, these bioactive nonnutrients are found in particularly high concentrations in flaxseeds and soybeans and have been found to have a wide range of hormonal and nonhormonal activities that serve to provide plausible mechanisms for the potential health benefits of diets rich in phytoestrogens. Data from animal and in vitro studies provide convincing evidence for the potential of phytoestrogens in influencing hormone-dependent states; although the clinical application of diets rich in these estrogen mimics is in its infancy, data from preliminary studies suggest beneficial effects of importance to health. This review focuses on the more recent studies pertinent to this field and includes, where appropriate, the landmark and historical literature that has led to the exponential increase in interest in phytoestrogens from a clinical nutrition perspective.  (+info)

Breastfeeding promotion and priority setting in health. (6/7064)

An increase in exclusive breastfeeding prevalence can substantially reduce mortality and morbidity among infants. In this paper, estimates of the costs and impacts of three breastfeeding promotion programmes, implemented through maternity services in Brazil, Honduras and Mexico, are used to develop cost-effectiveness measures and these are compared with other health interventions. The results show that breastfeeding promotion can be one of the most cost-effective health interventions for preventing cases of diarrhoea, preventing deaths from diarrhoea, and gaining disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). The benefits are substantial over a broad range of programme types. Programmes starting with the removal of formula and medications during delivery are likely to derive a high level of impact per unit of net incremental cost. Cost-effectiveness is lower (but still attractive relative to other interventions) if hospitals already have rooming-in and no bottle-feeds; and the cost-effectiveness improves as programmes become well-established. At an annual cost of about 30 to 40 US cents per birth, programmes starting with formula feeding in nurseries and maternity wards can reduce diarrhoea cases for approximately $0.65 to $1.10 per case prevented, diarrhoea deaths for $100 to $200 per death averted, and reduce the burden of disease for approximately $2 to $4 per DALY. Maternity services that have already eliminated formula can, by investing from $2 to $3 per birth, prevent diarrhoea cases and deaths for $3.50 to $6.75 per case, and $550 to $800 per death respectively, with DALYs gained at $12 to $19 each.  (+info)

Do tailored behavior change messages enhance the effectiveness of health risk appraisal? Results from a randomized trial. (7/7064)

Health risk appraisal (HRA) remains one of the most widely used health promotion tools despite only equivocal evidence for its effectiveness. Theories of behavior change predict conventional HRA's ineffectiveness because risk information alone is seldom sufficient to change complex behaviors. In this study, a randomized trial compared the effects of feedback from an enhanced HRA with a typical HRA and a control group among adult patients from eight family medicine practices. The enhanced HRA assessed behavior-specific psychosocial factors and provided patients with computer-generated, individually-tailored behavior change information in addition to typical HRA risk feedback. Changes in seven behaviors were assessed at a 6 month follow-up. Overall, patients receiving enhanced HRA feedback were 18% more likely to change at least one risk behavior than were patients receiving typical HRA feedback or no feedback (OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.00, 1.39). The enhanced HRA feedback appeared to promote changes in cholesterol screening, dietary fat consumption and physical activity, but not in smoking, seat belt use, mammography and Pap smears. We conclude that the addition of theory-based, individually-tailored behavior change information may improve the effectiveness of HRA.  (+info)

Implementing a nationwide insecticide-impregnated bednet programme in The Gambia. (8/7064)

Earlier studies in The Gambia suggested that the use of impregnated bednets might prove to be a useful malaria control strategy. Based on the results of these studies, in 1992 the Government of The Gambia was encouraged to initiate a National Impregnated Bednet Programme (NIBP) as part of the National Malaria Control Programme Strategy. This paper describes the implementation process/procedure of the NIBP. Evaluation results showed that, overall, 83% of the bednets surveyed has been impregnated, and 77% of children under the age of five years and 78% of women of childbearing age were reported to be sleeping under impregnated bednets.  (+info)

Some common types of mental disorders include:

1. Anxiety disorders: These conditions cause excessive worry, fear, or anxiety that interferes with daily life. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
2. Mood disorders: These conditions affect a person's mood, causing feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anger that persist for weeks or months. Examples include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.
3. Personality disorders: These conditions involve patterns of thought and behavior that deviate from the norm of the average person. Examples include borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder.
4. Psychotic disorders: These conditions cause a person to lose touch with reality, resulting in delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized thinking. Examples include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and brief psychotic disorder.
5. Trauma and stressor-related disorders: These conditions develop after a person experiences a traumatic event, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
6. Dissociative disorders: These conditions involve a disconnection or separation from one's body, thoughts, or emotions. Examples include dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder) and depersonalization disorder.
7. Neurodevelopmental disorders: These conditions affect the development of the brain and nervous system, leading to symptoms such as difficulty with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Examples include autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Rett syndrome.

Mental disorders can be diagnosed by a mental health professional using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which provides criteria for each condition. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychodynamic therapy, depending on the specific disorder and individual needs.

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

In this article, we will explore the definition and impact of chronic diseases, as well as strategies for managing and living with them. We will also discuss the importance of early detection and prevention, as well as the role of healthcare providers in addressing the needs of individuals with chronic diseases.

What is a Chronic Disease?

A chronic disease is a condition that lasts for an extended period of time, often affecting daily life and activities. Unlike acute diseases, which have a specific beginning and end, chronic diseases are long-term and persistent. Examples of chronic diseases include:

1. Diabetes
2. Heart disease
3. Arthritis
4. Asthma
5. Cancer
6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
8. Hypertension
9. Osteoporosis
10. Stroke

Impact of Chronic Diseases

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the WHO. In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

Chronic diseases can also have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, limiting their ability to participate in activities they enjoy and affecting their relationships with family and friends. Moreover, the financial burden of chronic diseases can lead to poverty and reduce economic productivity, thus having a broader societal impact.

Addressing Chronic Diseases

Given the significant burden of chronic diseases, it is essential that we address them effectively. This requires a multi-faceted approach that includes:

1. Lifestyle modifications: Encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation can help prevent and manage chronic diseases.
2. Early detection and diagnosis: Identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early can help prevent or delay their progression.
3. Medication management: Effective medication management is crucial for controlling symptoms and slowing disease progression.
4. Multi-disciplinary care: Collaboration between healthcare providers, patients, and families is essential for managing chronic diseases.
5. Health promotion and disease prevention: Educating individuals about the risks of chronic diseases and promoting healthy behaviors can help prevent their onset.
6. Addressing social determinants of health: Social determinants such as poverty, education, and employment can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Addressing these factors is essential for reducing health disparities and improving overall health.
7. Investing in healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare infrastructure, technology, and research is necessary to improve disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.
8. Encouraging policy change: Policy changes can help create supportive environments for healthy behaviors and reduce the burden of chronic diseases.
9. Increasing public awareness: Raising public awareness about the risks and consequences of chronic diseases can help individuals make informed decisions about their health.
10. Providing support for caregivers: Chronic diseases can have a significant impact on family members and caregivers, so providing them with support is essential for improving overall health outcomes.


Chronic diseases are a major public health burden that affect millions of people worldwide. Addressing these diseases requires a multi-faceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, addressing social determinants of health, investing in healthcare infrastructure, encouraging policy change, increasing public awareness, and providing support for caregivers. By taking a comprehensive approach to chronic disease prevention and management, we can improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide.

There are several different types of obesity, including:

1. Central obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
2. Peripheral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat in the hips, thighs, and arms.
3. Visceral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
4. Mixed obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by both central and peripheral obesity.

Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lack of physical activity, poor diet, sleep deprivation, and certain medications. Treatment for obesity typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and a healthy diet, and in some cases, medication or surgery may be necessary to achieve weight loss.

Preventing obesity is important for overall health and well-being, and can be achieved through a variety of strategies, including:

1. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is low in added sugars, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates.
2. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
3. Getting enough sleep each night.
4. Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing.
5. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and quitting smoking.
6. Monitoring weight and body mass index (BMI) on a regular basis to identify any changes or potential health risks.
7. Seeking professional help from a healthcare provider or registered dietitian for personalized guidance on weight management and healthy lifestyle choices.

1. Coronary artery disease: The narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart.
2. Heart failure: A condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.
3. Arrhythmias: Abnormal heart rhythms that can be too fast, too slow, or irregular.
4. Heart valve disease: Problems with the heart valves that control blood flow through the heart.
5. Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy): Disease of the heart muscle that can lead to heart failure.
6. Congenital heart disease: Defects in the heart's structure and function that are present at birth.
7. Peripheral artery disease: The narrowing or blockage of blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the arms, legs, and other organs.
8. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot that forms in a deep vein, usually in the leg.
9. Pulmonary embolism: A blockage in one of the arteries in the lungs, which can be caused by a blood clot or other debris.
10. Stroke: A condition in which there is a lack of oxygen to the brain due to a blockage or rupture of blood vessels.

Symptoms may include sensitivity, discomfort, visible holes or stains on teeth, bad breath, and difficulty chewing or biting. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and lead to more serious complications such as abscesses, infections, and even tooth loss.

To prevent dental caries, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits, including brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. Limiting sugary foods and drinks and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups can also help prevent the disease.

Dental caries is treatable through various methods such as fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions, and preventive measures like fissure sealants and fluoride applications. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent further damage and restore oral health.

1. Asbestosis: a lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos fibers.
2. Carpal tunnel syndrome: a nerve disorder caused by repetitive motion and pressure on the wrist.
3. Mesothelioma: a type of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos.
4. Pneumoconiosis: a lung disease caused by inhaling dust from mining or other heavy industries.
5. Repetitive strain injuries: injuries caused by repetitive motions, such as typing or using vibrating tools.
6. Skin conditions: such as skin irritation and dermatitis caused by exposure to chemicals or other substances in the workplace.
7. Hearing loss: caused by loud noises in the workplace.
8. Back injuries: caused by lifting, bending, or twisting.
9. Respiratory problems: such as asthma and other breathing difficulties caused by exposure to chemicals or dust in the workplace.
10. Cancer: caused by exposure to carcinogens such as radiation, certain chemicals, or heavy metals in the workplace.

Occupational diseases can be difficult to diagnose and treat, as they often develop gradually over time and may not be immediately attributed to the work environment. In some cases, these diseases may not appear until years after exposure has ended. It is important for workers to be aware of the potential health risks associated with their job and take steps to protect themselves, such as wearing protective gear, following safety protocols, and seeking regular medical check-ups. Employers also have a responsibility to provide a safe work environment and follow strict regulations to prevent the spread of occupational diseases.

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a condition in which the body is infected with HIV, a type of retrovirus that attacks the body's immune system. HIV infection can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), a condition in which the immune system is severely damaged and the body is unable to fight off infections and diseases.

There are several ways that HIV can be transmitted, including:

1. Sexual contact with an infected person
2. Sharing of needles or other drug paraphernalia with an infected person
3. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Blood transfusions ( although this is rare in developed countries due to screening processes)
5. Organ transplantation (again, rare)

The symptoms of HIV infection can be mild at first and may not appear until several years after infection. These symptoms can include:

1. Fever
2. Fatigue
3. Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, and groin
4. Rash
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
7. Diarrhea
8. Weight loss

If left untreated, HIV infection can progress to AIDS, which is a life-threatening condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:

1. Opportunistic infections (such as pneumocystis pneumonia)
2. Cancer (such as Kaposi's sarcoma)
3. Wasting syndrome
4. Neurological problems (such as dementia and seizures)

HIV infection is diagnosed through a combination of blood tests and physical examination. Treatment typically involves antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is a combination of medications that work together to suppress the virus and slow the progression of the disease.

Prevention methods for HIV infection include:

1. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms and dental dams
2. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug-injecting equipment
3. Avoiding mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which is a short-term treatment that can prevent infection after potential exposure to the virus
5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is a daily medication that can prevent infection in people who are at high risk of being exposed to the virus.

It's important to note that HIV infection is manageable with proper treatment and care, and that people living with HIV can lead long and healthy lives. However, it's important to be aware of the risks and take steps to prevent transmission.

Cocarcinogenesis can occur through various mechanisms, such as:

1. Synergistic effects: The combined effect of two or more substances is greater than the sum of their individual effects. For example, smoking and exposure to asbestos can increase the risk of lung cancer more than either factor alone.
2. Antagonism: One substance may counteract the protective effects of another substance, leading to an increased risk of cancer. For example, alcohol consumption may antagonize the protective effects of a healthy diet against liver cancer.
3. Potentiation: One substance may enhance the carcinogenic effects of another substance. For example, smoking can potentiate the carcinogenic effects of exposure to certain chemicals in tobacco smoke.
4. Multistage carcinogenesis: Cocarcinogens can contribute to the development of cancer through multiple stages of carcinogenesis, including initiation, promotion, and progression.

Understanding cocarcinogenesis is important for developing effective cancer prevention strategies and for identifying potential co-carcinogens in our environment and diet. By identifying and avoiding co-carcinogens, we can reduce our risk of cancer and improve our overall health.

STDs can cause a range of symptoms, including genital itching, burning during urination, unusual discharge, and painful sex. Some STDs can also lead to long-term health problems, such as infertility, chronic pain, and an increased risk of certain types of cancer.

STDs are usually diagnosed through a physical exam, blood tests, or other diagnostic tests. Treatment for STDs varies depending on the specific infection and can include antibiotics, antiviral medication, or other therapies. It's important to practice safe sex, such as using condoms, to reduce the risk of getting an STD.

Some of the most common STDs include:

* Chlamydia: A bacterial infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and unusual discharge.
* Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that can cause similar symptoms to chlamydia.
* Syphilis: A bacterial infection that can cause a painless sore on the genitals, followed by a rash and other symptoms.
* Herpes: A viral infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and painful sex.
* HPV: A viral infection that can cause genital warts and increase the risk of cervical cancer.
* HIV/AIDS: A viral infection that can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and weight loss, and can lead to AIDS if left untreated.

It's important to note that some STDs can be spread through non-sexual contact, such as sharing needles or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth. It's also important to know that many STDs can be asymptomatic, meaning you may not have any symptoms even if you are infected.

If you think you may have been exposed to an STD, it's important to get tested as soon as possible. Many STDs can be easily treated with antibiotics or other medications, but if left untreated, they can lead to serious complications and long-term health problems.

It's also important to practice safe sex to reduce the risk of getting an STD. This includes using condoms, as well as getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B, which are both common causes of STDs.

In addition to getting tested and practicing safe sex, it's important to be aware of your sexual health and the risks associated with sex. This includes being aware of any symptoms you may experience, as well as being aware of your partner's sexual history and any STDs they may have. By being informed and proactive about your sexual health, you can help reduce the risk of getting an STD and maintain good sexual health.

Neoplasm refers to an abnormal growth of cells that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Neoplasms can occur in any part of the body and can affect various organs and tissues. The term "neoplasm" is often used interchangeably with "tumor," but while all tumors are neoplasms, not all neoplasms are tumors.

Types of Neoplasms

There are many different types of neoplasms, including:

1. Carcinomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the epithelial cells lining organs and glands. Examples include breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer.
2. Sarcomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in connective tissue, such as bone, cartilage, and fat. Examples include osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and soft tissue sarcoma.
3. Lymphomas: These are cancers of the immune system, specifically affecting the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. Examples include Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Leukemias: These are cancers of the blood and bone marrow that affect the white blood cells. Examples include acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
5. Melanomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Examples include skin melanoma and eye melanoma.

Causes and Risk Factors of Neoplasms

The exact causes of neoplasms are not fully understood, but there are several known risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing a neoplasm. These include:

1. Genetic predisposition: Some people may be born with genetic mutations that increase their risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as radiation and certain chemicals, can increase the risk of developing a neoplasm.
3. Infection: Some neoplasms are caused by viruses or bacteria. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common cause of cervical cancer.
4. Lifestyle factors: Factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a poor diet can increase the risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
5. Family history: A person's risk of developing a neoplasm may be higher if they have a family history of the condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Neoplasms

The signs and symptoms of neoplasms can vary depending on the type of cancer and where it is located in the body. Some common signs and symptoms include:

1. Unusual lumps or swelling
2. Pain
3. Fatigue
4. Weight loss
5. Change in bowel or bladder habits
6. Unexplained bleeding
7. Coughing up blood
8. Hoarseness or a persistent cough
9. Changes in appetite or digestion
10. Skin changes, such as a new mole or a change in the size or color of an existing mole.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neoplasms

The diagnosis of a neoplasm usually involves a combination of physical examination, imaging tests (such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans), and biopsy. A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue from the suspected tumor and examining it under a microscope for cancer cells.

The treatment of neoplasms depends on the type, size, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's overall health. Some common treatments include:

1. Surgery: Removing the tumor and surrounding tissue can be an effective way to treat many types of cancer.
2. Chemotherapy: Using drugs to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
3. Radiation therapy: Using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer is located in a specific area of the body.
4. Immunotherapy: Boosting the body's immune system to fight cancer can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.
5. Targeted therapy: Using drugs or other substances to target specific molecules on cancer cells can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.

Prevention of Neoplasms

While it is not always possible to prevent neoplasms, there are several steps that can reduce the risk of developing cancer. These include:

1. Avoiding exposure to known carcinogens (such as tobacco smoke and radiation)
2. Maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle
3. Getting regular exercise
4. Not smoking or using tobacco products
5. Limiting alcohol consumption
6. Getting vaccinated against certain viruses that are associated with cancer (such as human papillomavirus, or HPV)
7. Participating in screening programs for early detection of cancer (such as mammograms for breast cancer and colonoscopies for colon cancer)
8. Avoiding excessive exposure to sunlight and using protective measures such as sunscreen and hats to prevent skin cancer.

It's important to note that not all cancers can be prevented, and some may be caused by factors that are not yet understood or cannot be controlled. However, by taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of developing cancer and improve their overall health and well-being.

Some common types of tooth diseases include:

1. Caries (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes the decay of tooth enamel, leading to holes or cavities in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease (gum disease): An infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and jawbone.
3. Tooth sensitivity: Pain or discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages due to exposed dentin or gum recession.
4. Dental abscesses: Infections that can cause pain, swelling, and pus in the teeth and gums.
5. Tooth erosion: Wear away of the tooth enamel caused by acidic foods and drinks or certain medical conditions.
6. Tooth grinding (bruxism): The habit of grinding or clenching the teeth, which can cause wear on the teeth, jaw pain, and headaches.
7. Dental malocclusion: Misalignment of the teeth, which can cause difficulty chewing, speaking, and other oral health problems.
8. Tooth loss: Loss of one or more teeth due to decay, gum disease, injury, or other causes.

Prevention and treatment of tooth diseases usually involve good oral hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups. In some cases, more advanced treatments such as fillings, crowns, root canals, or extractions may be necessary.

Types of Substance-Related Disorders:

1. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive consumption of alcohol, leading to impaired control over drinking, social or personal problems, and increased risk of health issues.
2. Opioid Use Disorder (OUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of opioids, such as prescription painkillers or heroin, leading to withdrawal symptoms when the substance is not available.
3. Stimulant Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of stimulants, such as cocaine or amphetamines, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
4. Cannabis Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of cannabis, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
5. Hallucinogen Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of hallucinogens, such as LSD or psilocybin mushrooms, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.

Causes and Risk Factors:

1. Genetics: Individuals with a family history of substance-related disorders are more likely to develop these conditions.
2. Mental health: Individuals with mental health conditions, such as depression or anxiety, may be more likely to use substances as a form of self-medication.
3. Environmental factors: Exposure to substances at an early age, peer pressure, and social environment can increase the risk of developing a substance-related disorder.
4. Brain chemistry: Substance use can alter brain chemistry, leading to dependence and addiction.


1. Increased tolerance: The need to use more of the substance to achieve the desired effect.
2. Withdrawal: Experiencing symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, or nausea when the substance is not present.
3. Loss of control: Using more substance than intended or for longer than intended.
4. Neglecting responsibilities: Neglecting responsibilities at home, work, or school due to substance use.
5. Continued use despite negative consequences: Continuing to use the substance despite physical, emotional, or financial consequences.


1. Physical examination: A doctor may perform a physical examination to look for signs of substance use, such as track marks or changes in heart rate and blood pressure.
2. Laboratory tests: Blood or urine tests can confirm the presence of substances in the body.
3. Psychological evaluation: A mental health professional may conduct a psychological evaluation to assess symptoms of substance-related disorders and determine the presence of co-occurring conditions.


1. Detoxification: A medically-supervised detox program can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
2. Medications: Medications such as methadone or buprenorphine may be prescribed to manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.
3. Behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and contingency management are effective behavioral therapies for treating substance use disorders.
4. Support groups: Joining a support group such as Narcotics Anonymous can provide a sense of community and support for individuals in recovery.
5. Lifestyle changes: Making healthy lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and getting enough sleep can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.

It's important to note that diagnosis and treatment of substance-related disorders is a complex process and should be individualized based on the specific needs and circumstances of each patient.

Acute wounds and injuries are those that occur suddenly and heal within a relatively short period of time, usually within a few days or weeks. Examples of acute wounds include cuts, scrapes, and burns. Chronic wounds and injuries, on the other hand, are those that persist over a longer period of time and may not heal properly, leading to long-term complications. Examples of chronic wounds include diabetic foot ulcers, pressure ulcers, and chronic back pain.

Wounds and injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, sports injuries, violence, and medical conditions such as diabetes or circulatory problems. Treatment for wounds and injuries depends on the severity of the injury and may include cleaning and dressing the wound, applying antibiotics, immobilizing broken bones, and providing pain management. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissues or restore function.

Preventive measures for wounds and injuries include wearing appropriate protective gear during activities such as sports or work, following safety protocols to avoid accidents, maintaining proper hygiene and nutrition to prevent infection, and seeking medical attention promptly if an injury occurs.

Overall, wounds and injuries can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, and it is important to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms persist or worsen over time. Proper treatment and management of wounds and injuries can help to promote healing, reduce the risk of complications, and improve long-term outcomes.

Papillomas can occur anywhere on the body, but they are most commonly found on the face, neck, and scalp. They may appear as small bumps or growths that look like a wart. In some cases, papillomas may be associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

Papillomas are typically diagnosed through a physical examination of the affected area. In some cases, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other potential causes. Treatment for papillomas usually involves removal of the growth through a minor surgical procedure or cryotherapy (freezing).

Papillomas are not cancerous and do not typically pose any long-term health risks. However, they may be unsightly and can cause psychological distress for some people. In these cases, treatment may be sought for cosmetic reasons. It is important to note that papillomas should not be confused with squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer that can resemble a papilloma in appearance but has the potential to be more aggressive and harmful.

There are several types of diabetes mellitus, including:

1. Type 1 DM: This is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, resulting in a complete deficiency of insulin production. It typically develops in childhood or adolescence, and patients with this condition require lifelong insulin therapy.
2. Type 2 DM: This is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for around 90% of all cases. It is caused by a combination of insulin resistance (where the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin) and impaired insulin secretion. It is often associated with obesity, physical inactivity, and a diet high in sugar and unhealthy fats.
3. Gestational DM: This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy, usually in the second or third trimester. Hormonal changes and insulin resistance can cause blood sugar levels to rise, putting both the mother and baby at risk.
4. LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults): This is a form of type 1 DM that develops in adults, typically after the age of 30. It shares features with both type 1 and type 2 DM.
5. MODY (Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young): This is a rare form of diabetes caused by genetic mutations that affect insulin production. It typically develops in young adulthood and can be managed with lifestyle changes and/or medication.

The symptoms of diabetes mellitus can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but may include:

1. Increased thirst and urination
2. Fatigue
3. Blurred vision
4. Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
5. Tingling or numbness in hands and feet
6. Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections
7. Flu-like symptoms such as weakness, dizziness, and stomach pain
8. Dark, velvety skin patches (acanthosis nigricans)
9. Yellowish color of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
10. Delayed healing of cuts and wounds

If left untreated, diabetes mellitus can lead to a range of complications, including:

1. Heart disease and stroke
2. Kidney damage and failure
3. Nerve damage (neuropathy)
4. Eye damage (retinopathy)
5. Foot damage (neuropathic ulcers)
6. Cognitive impairment and dementia
7. Increased risk of infections and other diseases, such as pneumonia, gum disease, and urinary tract infections.

It is important to note that not all individuals with diabetes will experience these complications, and that proper management of the condition can greatly reduce the risk of developing these complications.

Being overweight can increase the risk of various health problems, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain types of cancer. It can also affect a person's mental health and overall quality of life.

There are several ways to assess whether someone is overweight or not. One common method is using the BMI, which is calculated based on height and weight. Another method is measuring body fat percentage, which can be done with specialized tools such as skinfold calipers or bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA).

Losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight can be achieved through a combination of diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes. Some examples of healthy weight loss strategies include:

* Eating a balanced diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein sources
* Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, running, swimming, or weight training
* Avoiding fad diets and quick fixes
* Getting enough sleep and managing stress levels
* Setting realistic weight loss goals and tracking progress over time.

There are several types of skin neoplasms, including:

1. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC): This is the most common type of skin cancer, and it usually appears as a small, fleshy bump or a flat, scaly patch. BCC is highly treatable, but if left untreated, it can grow and invade surrounding tissue.
2. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC): This type of skin cancer is less common than BCC but more aggressive. It typically appears as a firm, flat, or raised bump on sun-exposed areas. SCC can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
3. Melanoma: This is the most serious type of skin cancer, accounting for only 1% of all skin neoplasms but responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. Melanoma can appear as a new or changing mole, and it's essential to recognize the ABCDE signs (Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color variation, Diameter >6mm, Evolving size, shape, or color) to detect it early.
4. Sebaceous gland carcinoma: This rare type of skin cancer originates in the oil-producing glands of the skin and can appear as a firm, painless nodule on the forehead, nose, or other oily areas.
5. Merkel cell carcinoma: This is a rare and aggressive skin cancer that typically appears as a firm, shiny bump on the skin. It's more common in older adults and those with a history of sun exposure.
6. Cutaneous lymphoma: This type of cancer affects the immune system and can appear as a rash, nodules, or tumors on the skin.
7. Kaposi sarcoma: This is a rare type of skin cancer that affects people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS. It typically appears as a flat, red or purple lesion on the skin.

While skin cancers are generally curable when detected early, it's important to be aware of your skin and notice any changes or unusual spots, especially if you have a history of sun exposure or other risk factors. If you suspect anything suspicious, see a dermatologist for an evaluation and potential biopsy. Remember, prevention is key to avoiding the harmful effects of UV radiation and reducing your risk of developing skin cancer.

Body weight is an important health indicator, as it can affect an individual's risk for certain medical conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential for overall health and well-being, and there are many ways to do so, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle changes.

There are several ways to measure body weight, including:

1. Scale: This is the most common method of measuring body weight, and it involves standing on a scale that displays the individual's weight in kg or lb.
2. Body fat calipers: These are used to measure body fat percentage by pinching the skin at specific points on the body.
3. Skinfold measurements: This method involves measuring the thickness of the skin folds at specific points on the body to estimate body fat percentage.
4. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive method that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage.
5. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a more accurate method of measuring body composition, including bone density and body fat percentage.

It's important to note that body weight can fluctuate throughout the day due to factors such as water retention, so it's best to measure body weight at the same time each day for the most accurate results. Additionally, it's important to use a reliable scale or measuring tool to ensure accurate measurements.

Sunburn can cause damage to the skin cells, leading to premature aging and an increased risk of skin cancer. The severity of a sunburn depends on factors such as the intensity of UV radiation, the duration of exposure, and the individual's skin type and sensitivity.

There are three types of sunburn:

1. First-degree sunburn: This is the mildest form of sunburn and affects only the outer layer of the skin. It is characterized by redness, but not blistering.
2. Second-degree sunburn: This type of sunburn affects both the inner and outer layers of the skin and can cause blisters to form.
3. Third-degree sunburn: This is the most severe form of sunburn and can cause deep, painful blisters and scarring.

Symptoms of sunburn can include:

* Redness and inflammation in the affected area
* Pain or discomfort
* Blistering or peeling of the skin
* Swelling or itching
* Fever or chills

Treatment for sunburn typically involves self-care measures such as applying moisturizers, cool compresses, and avoiding further sun exposure. In severe cases, medical attention may be required to manage complications such as infection or dehydration. Prevention is key to avoiding sunburn, and this includes seeking shade, wearing protective clothing and eyewear, and using sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 30.

There are different types of Breast Neoplasms such as:

1. Fibroadenomas: These are benign tumors that are made up of glandular and fibrous tissues. They are usually small and round, with a smooth surface, and can be moved easily under the skin.

2. Cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in both breast tissue and milk ducts. They are usually benign and can disappear on their own or be drained surgically.

3. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): This is a precancerous condition where abnormal cells grow inside the milk ducts. If left untreated, it can progress to invasive breast cancer.

4. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): This is the most common type of breast cancer and starts in the milk ducts but grows out of them and invades surrounding tissue.

5. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): It originates in the milk-producing glands (lobules) and grows out of them, invading nearby tissue.

Breast Neoplasms can cause various symptoms such as a lump or thickening in the breast or underarm area, skin changes like redness or dimpling, change in size or shape of one or both breasts, discharge from the nipple, and changes in the texture or color of the skin.

Treatment options for Breast Neoplasms may include surgery such as lumpectomy, mastectomy, or breast-conserving surgery, radiation therapy which uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells, chemotherapy using drugs to kill cancer cells, targeted therapy which uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack cancer cells while minimizing harm to normal cells, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and clinical trials.

It is important to note that not all Breast Neoplasms are cancerous; some are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that do not spread or grow.

There are two types of hypertension:

1. Primary Hypertension: This type of hypertension has no identifiable cause and is also known as essential hypertension. It accounts for about 90% of all cases of hypertension.
2. Secondary Hypertension: This type of hypertension is caused by an underlying medical condition or medication. It accounts for about 10% of all cases of hypertension.

Some common causes of secondary hypertension include:

* Kidney disease
* Adrenal gland disorders
* Hormonal imbalances
* Certain medications
* Sleep apnea
* Cocaine use

There are also several risk factors for hypertension, including:

* Age (the risk increases with age)
* Family history of hypertension
* Obesity
* Lack of exercise
* High sodium intake
* Low potassium intake
* Stress

Hypertension is often asymptomatic, and it can cause damage to the blood vessels and organs over time. Some potential complications of hypertension include:

* Heart disease (e.g., heart attacks, heart failure)
* Stroke
* Kidney disease (e.g., chronic kidney disease, end-stage renal disease)
* Vision loss (e.g., retinopathy)
* Peripheral artery disease

Hypertension is typically diagnosed through blood pressure readings taken over a period of time. Treatment for hypertension may include lifestyle changes (e.g., diet, exercise, stress management), medications, or a combination of both. The goal of treatment is to reduce the risk of complications and improve quality of life.

There are many different types of heart diseases, including:

1. Coronary artery disease: The buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle, leading to chest pain or a heart attack.
2. Heart failure: When the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs, leading to fatigue, shortness of breath, and swelling in the legs.
3. Arrhythmias: Abnormal heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia, which can cause palpitations, dizziness, and shortness of breath.
4. Heart valve disease: Problems with the heart valves, which can lead to blood leaking back into the chambers or not being pumped effectively.
5. Cardiomyopathy: Disease of the heart muscle, which can lead to weakened heart function and heart failure.
6. Heart murmurs: Abnormal sounds heard during a heartbeat, which can be caused by defects in the heart valves or abnormal blood flow.
7. Congenital heart disease: Heart defects present at birth, such as holes in the heart or abnormal blood vessels.
8. Myocardial infarction (heart attack): Damage to the heart muscle due to a lack of oxygen, often caused by a blockage in a coronary artery.
9. Cardiac tamponade: Fluid accumulation around the heart, which can cause compression of the heart and lead to cardiac arrest.
10. Endocarditis: Infection of the inner lining of the heart, which can cause fever, fatigue, and heart valve damage.

Heart diseases can be diagnosed through various tests such as electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, stress test, and blood tests. Treatment options depend on the specific condition and may include lifestyle changes, medication, surgery, or a combination of these.

Type 2 diabetes can be managed through a combination of diet, exercise, and medication. In some cases, lifestyle changes may be enough to control blood sugar levels, while in other cases, medication or insulin therapy may be necessary. Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels and follow-up with a healthcare provider are important for managing the condition and preventing complications.

Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

* Increased thirst and urination
* Fatigue
* Blurred vision
* Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
* Tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
* Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections

If left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to a range of complications, including:

* Heart disease and stroke
* Kidney damage and failure
* Nerve damage and pain
* Eye damage and blindness
* Foot damage and amputation

The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is not known, but it is believed to be linked to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors, such as:

* Obesity and excess body weight
* Lack of physical activity
* Poor diet and nutrition
* Age and family history
* Certain ethnicities (e.g., African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native American)
* History of gestational diabetes or delivering a baby over 9 lbs.

There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but it can be managed and controlled through a combination of lifestyle changes and medication. With proper treatment and self-care, people with type 2 diabetes can lead long, healthy lives.

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The Californian Journal of Health Promotion is a peer-reviewed medical journal focusing on health education and health ... case studies of health educator, retired health educator, and health education student experiences in the field. Professional ... "About the Journal , Californian Journal of Health Promotion". journals.calstate.edu. Retrieved 2022-07-28. "Editorial Team , ... Californian Journal of Health Promotion". journals.calstate.edu. Retrieved 2022-07-28. Official website (Articles lacking ...
... utilizing a public health/population health /community health model. Health promotion requires a coordinated effort in all five ... American College Health Association. "Standards of Practice for Health Promotion in Higher Education" (PDF). www.acha.org. ... American College Health Association. "Guidelines for Hiring Health Promotion Professionals in Higher Education" (PDF). www.acha ... The American College Health Association Standards of Practice for Health Promotion in Higher Education first published in 2001 ...
Medical and health organizations based in Ontario, Health promotion, Health education organizations, Health education in Canada ... The Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport in the Canadian province of Ontario was responsible for the promotion of healthy ... It is funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport, and is operated by Dietitians of Canada. It was created to ... Health promotion "Gassing sport ministry is dumb , Steve Buffery , Columnists , Sports , London Free Press". Archived from the ...
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"Health Promotion , Brown University ,". www.brown.edu. Archived from the original on 16 June 2009. "Study finds dangers in ... The amount of guarana used to be higher, but "after being criticized for including guarana once health concerns about the herb ... Rockstar Original was named Worst Energy Drink by Men's Health magazine for having 280 calories due to 67.5 grams of sugar. ...
... health promotion; youth mentoring; and advocacy. The RDC also serves as "a venue of culture and resource exchange for the ... The Rhode Island Department of Health awarded Bah the Healthy Housing Advocacy Award in 2011 for his efforts. From 2011 to 2019 ... As part of the faculty for Harvard Medical School's Global Mental Health: Trauma and Recovery Certificate Program in April 2021 ... The latter will offer direct services and interventions on leadership, human rights, health care, education, and basic needs ...
... access to preventive services such as immunizations and health promotion. Environmental health officer National public health ... A medical officer of health, also known as a medical health officer, chief health officer, chief public health officer or ... public health surveillance, disease control, access to health care, health equity, health disparities, cultural competence, ... Health officer is a common term used in the United States for public health officials, such as medical health officers and ...
... and health system science. The school also emphasizes equity, inclusion, and diversity; service-learning; health promotion; ... and treating health conditions and disease and optimizing health for each patient. The Department of Health Systems Science ( ... It covers the domains of quality and safety, healthcare and social systems, community and population health, inquiry, health ... population health, quality improvement, team-based care, and health equity. Kaiser Permanente has long been involved in ...
Randa is best known for their song "Rangers", which is used on a TV health promotion ad in New Zealand called "Go the distance ... Health Promotion Agency. Retrieved 14 October 2017. "Ten great Big Day Out moments (and one bad one)". New Zealand Herald. 20 ...
... health promotion concerns for health and productivity". Health Promotion International. 30 (2): 239-250. doi:10.1093/heapro/ ... Rural Health Information Hub - Rural response to Farmer Mental Health and Suicide Prevention provides a variety of rural health ... "Rural Migrant Health Overview - Rural Health Information Hub". U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration. 2018. ... Mental health, or mental well-being, is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "a state of well-being in which an ...
Health Promotion Practice. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. 1 (3): 234-37. doi:10.1177/152483990000100306. hdl: ... Race and health in the United States, Social problems in medicine, Syphilis, Tuskegee University, United States Public Health ... As the Health Commissioner of New York State (and former head of the PHS Venereal Disease Division), Parran was asked by the ... Sidney Olansky, Public Health Services director of the study from 1950 to 1957. When asked about the lies that were told to the ...
"Evolutionary health promotion". Preventive Medicine. 34 (2): 109-118. doi:10.1006/pmed.2001.0876. PMID 11817903. S2CID 18948871 ...
"Health Promotion/CALM". 5 October 2002. Archived from the original on 5 October 2002. "Crisis and Emergency , 211.org". www.211 ... "Ministry of Health - Mental Health Unit". health.gov.gy. Retrieved 3 August 2022. "Hjálparsíminn 1717 og netspjallið". "Home". ... Kash Cheong (18 October 2014). "Now, Anyone Can Call the Institute of Mental Health Helpline, 24/7". Straits Times. Janice Tai ... "More Teens call SOS about Mental Health Problems". Straits Times. 2 November 2016. ...
Health Promotion Agency. Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "Mag ik zelf bier brouwen?". "Zelf ... 274/1997 A decision by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health on the prerequisites for granting a permit to manufacture, ...
Health Promotion International. Vol. 26. pp. 1-3. doi:10.1093/heapro/dar001. PMID 21296910. Rejecta Mathematica (Archived July ... by Health Promotion International. Deletionpedia "Random Samples". Science. 325 (5940): 521. 2009-07-31. doi:10.1126/science. ... de Leeuw, Evelyne (March 1, 2011). Theory and Policy Innovation for Health: where has the creativity and fun gone?. ...
2013). "Bicycling to university: evaluation of a bicycle-sharing program in Spain". Health Promotion International. ISSN 1460- ...
"SGH Walkabout" (pdf). Health Promotion Board. Retrieved 29 August 2007. National University of Singapore (2005). Transforming ... Singapore Ministry of Health Media related to Tan Teck Guan Building at Wikimedia Commons (Articles with short description, ... The building currently houses offices of the Ministry of Health. Tan Teck Guan Building, together with the adjacent College of ... In May 1984, the Ministry of Health (MOH) obtained approval from the government to restore and renovate both buildings. ...
"Sliced Fish with Bee Hoon Soup". Health Promotion Board. Archived from the original on July 9, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013. ...
02 NHS Health Promotion/Campaign Against Living Miserably; Howes, Simon; "Health Promotion/CALM". Archived from the original on ... Mental health in the United Kingdom Suicide in the United Kingdom "Campaign Against Living Miserably, registered charity no. ... CALM was initially a Department of Health pilot project launched late in 1997 in Manchester with the help of Tony Wilson, and ... In 2022, in collaboration with Netflix a mental health initiative of park benches were installed all about the UK, inspired by ...
Health Promotion Practice. 18 (3): 332-340. doi:10.1177/1524839917692750. PMID 28187690. S2CID 206740929. "Vazquez v. Garland, ... Trafficking victims who have been certified by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, DHS, and/or the United States ... Participants accessed little or no use of health or social services, attributed to barriers to access, such as fear of the ... Legal and medical scholars have begun arguing for the incorporation of mental health professionals into the asylum process as a ...
College of Health Sciences •Bachelor of Science in Nursing •Bachelor of Science in Midwifery •Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy • ... investments promotion and global transshipment center of the province) and the Baterna Annex (in Constancia, San Lorenzo, ... health, computer, criminology, nautical and short-term vocational-technical and other continuing courses that may be found to ... health, computer, criminology, nautical and short-term vocational-technical and other continuing courses. It is also mandated ...
Print inserts in the envelope advertise businesses with coupons for dining, health and beauty, entertainment, automotive, home ... Promotion and marketing communications, 1968 establishments in Florida, Companies based in Clearwater, Florida). ... who use on-envelope advertising for promotions, marketing campaigns and sweepstakes. Previous advertisers include Food Network ...
In 2003, Saunders joined Cleveland State University, Ohio, as a biology professor and director of the Biomedical and Health ... and for its handling of associate professor James Tracy's promotion of Sandy Hook massacre conspiracy theories. Dr. Mary Jane ...
"RenegadeCast: Evaluating Podcast Social Media as a Health Promotion Tool for Sex Workers & Adult Entertainers with Internet ... Funding provided by the Ford Foundation and the San Francisco Department of Public Health. "The Health Needs of Sex Workers, A ... as part of the Masters of Public Health Program at San Francisco State University, 2006. "Social Content and the Health of Sex ... Reproductive Health Matters, 2009. "Sex Worker Health, San Francisco Style" Sexually Transmitted Infections Online, July 19, ...
The American Public Health Association helped support the development of the FCTC, while the wave of successful tobacco ... Goldberg, M. E; Davis, R. M; O'Keefe, A. M. (1 December 2006). "The role of tobacco advertising and promotion: themes employed ... Depriving of health hazards information Lawsuits against tobacco companies have asserted that tobacco companies mislead the ... The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) represents an important landmark in ...
Muñoz received a Bachelor of Science degree in Health Science from Oklahoma State University, and was also a three-time member ... Muñoz was one of the chosen few to be relocated to WEC's sister promotion-which is also owned and produced by Zuffa-along with ...
We are handicapped in the absence of high speed internet." Health experts and the locals warned that the internet blackout was ... Integrated Innovation Strategy Promotion Council, Government of Japan. June 11, 2019. "AI Utilization Guidelines" (PDF). ... The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) includes federal standards for protecting the privacy and ... In 2015, the Cologne Center for Ethics, Rights, Economics, and Social Sciences of Health, housed at the University of Cologne ( ...
Following promotion, Rowe converted to playing as a full-back for a period, having originally joined the club as a winger. At ... O'Neill, Jen (15 March 2019). "'Kicking Through Mental Health' with Rachel Rowe (Wales & Reading FC Women)". She Kicks. ... She turned professional later the same year after helping the club win promotion to the FA Women's Super League. She made her ... Crocker, Tom (1 April 2016). "Reading FC Women defender Rachel Rowe eyes FA Cup success after "life-changing" promotion to WSL ...
... as a participatory health promotion strategy. Health promotion international, 13(1), 75-86. Wang, Caroline (2003). " ... Catalani, C., & Minkler, M. (2010). Photovoice: A review of the literature in health and public health. Health Education & ... Wallerstein, N., & Bernstein, E. (1988). Empowerment Education: Freire's Ideas Adapted to Health Education. Health Education & ... Health Promotion Practice. 5 (1): 49-58. doi:10.1177/1524839903258015. PMID 14965435.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple ...
In poor health during the signing of the US Constitution in 1787, he was rarely seen in public from then until his death.[ ... One of his notable characteristics was his respect, tolerance and promotion of all churches. Referring to his experience in ... His reasons for vegetarianism were based on health, ethics, and economy: When about 16 years of age, I happen'd to meet with a ... Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another's peace or ...
In November 1940, after promotion to brigadier general, he became Chief of Staff of the Army of the Po, and in May 1941 he was ... but his health had been compromised by the hardships endured in captivity, and he died in a hospital in Rome on 2 December 1945 ... In April 1942, after promotion to Major General, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the 8th Army (ARMIR), deployed on the ...
In fact, Don Juan's special-envoy job is a sinecure, by which Empress Catherine secures his health, his favour, and his ... which earns him a promotion in rank; thus "Love is vanity, / Selfish in its beginning as its end, / Except where 'tis a mere ... insanity". Privately, Don Juan concerns himself with the health, education, and welfare of the Muslim girl he rescued at the ...
Other objectives consist of: transparency, scientific information, international solidarity, sanitary safety, the promotion of ... Aquatic Animal Health Code Terrestrial Animal Health Code "Members Countries". "OIE gains new director general". American ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to World Organisation for Animal Health. Official website World Animal Health Information ... In May 2003, the Office became the World Organisation for Animal Health but kept its historical acronym OIE, which was in use ...
Although his health had been poor, on Saturday July 3, he and his wife Alice took a train from Wellsville, New York, to stay at ... On September 21, 1866, he was transferred to the 32nd US Infantry and received promotion to first lieutenant to rank from ...
The centre incorporates student accommodation, a cinema, health centre and stores. It was nominated for the Carbuncle Cup in ... in 2013 and ended their initial season well placed to progress after defeating local rivals Newcastle Eagles II and promotion ...
G. ^ In 1996-97: Athinaikos-Aris awarded 2-0, because Aris could not present the registration ID's and health certificates of ... 2017-18 Promotion (2): 1997-98 , 2005-06 , 2017-18 Gamma Ethniki / Football League 2 (national level 3) Champions (1): 2015-16 ... Runners-up (1): 2014-15 Promotion (1): 2015-16 Greek Cup Winners (1): 1969-70 Finalists (8): 1931-32, 1932-33, 1939-40, 1949-50 ...
LEFÖ is the Austrian partner of the pan-European network TAMPEP that provides HIV/STI prevention and health promotion among ( ... 31 August 2020: Sex workers in Vienna who wish to acquire their Green Health Cards which are required for legal work can now ... Vienna, Sex Work in (4 September 2020). "How to apply for a green card health exam as sex worker in Vienna". "Beverly Hills ... 20 May 2020: Sex workers can start taking the mandatory health checks to from this date. They are required to make an ...
Sir Peter Blake Leadership Award 2013 Supreme Māori of the year 2013 Public Health Champion (Public Health Association of New ... for courageous and highly visible contributions to the promotion of immunisation and vaccination in New Zealand. Communicator ... school-based health clinic providing medical care to 2000 children within a 25 km radius of Kaitaia. Health Ministry provided ... "Health for Kids: The MOKO Programme is here!" (PDF). News from our backyard. No. Autumn 2013. Kids Can. p. 6. Archived (PDF) ...
On November 15, 2017 Leonard Ellerbe, CEO of Mayweather Promotions announced that Davis would be making his in ring return in ... A week later the venue was changed to Dignity Health Sports Park, in Carson, California, formerly known as StubHub Center. ... Prior to the fight being announced, Mayweather Promotions matchmakers tried to make a deal for Davis to fight titleholder Jason ...
American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health. 23 (5): 530-531. doi:10.2105/AJPH.23.5.530. ISSN 0002-9572. Kallet, ... citing extensive lists of drugs which are often the subject of very strong and widespread campaigns of media promotion as " ... the health effects of which were not understood or known to consumers at the time. The true label for a pineapple pie, they ... or public health." Today, many of the authors' scientific conclusions are indeed thought to have been mistaken. For example, ...
The Department of Health and Human Services also conducted a survey addressing the same topic which generated similar findings ... and concluded that the school district's promotion of it therefore violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to ... During the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, the Trump administration replaced career public affairs staff at the Department of Health ... Tobacco companies funded think tanks and lobbying groups, started health reassurance campaigns, ran advertisements in medical ...
2004), The promotion of knowledge: lectures to mark the Centenary of the British Academy 1992-2002, Oxford: Oxford University ... and health) between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Additionally, "in recognition of the Irish Government's ... The wrestling promotion features championships, former WWE superstars and local independent wrestlers. Events and IPPV's ... In 2007, after the closure of UCW (Ulster Championship Wrestling) which was a wrestling promotion, PWU formed, standing for Pro ...
This type of interview can be used for selection, promotion, or assessment of team skills. Interviewers may also use a group ... is the idea of how discrimination within a workplace/job interview can affect a person's health and wellbeing. A person that is ... Becton, John Bret; Feild, Hubert S.; Giles, William F.; Jones-Farmer, Allison (April 2008). "Racial differences in promotion ... Honest IM tactics such as self-promotion (positively highlighting past achievements and experiences) may be considered ...
Its 2000 manifesto opposed the promotion of condoms and safe sex as a way of preventing HIV transmission: "The ACDP feel ... health, safety & security, good governance and property rights & rural development. The party seeks to apply Biblical ...
Stirling later was returned by prisoner exchange and received a promotion; continuing to serve with distinction throughout the ... Alexander was in poor health, suffering from severe gout and rheumatism, and died in Albany on 15 January 1783. His death, just ...
He wrestled his last matches in 1989 and for a period of time, had his own promotion, and was involved in training future star ... Fraizer suffered from diabetes and poor health as a result of his weight. These problems led to kidney failure, from which he ... He held the championship until the promotion abandoned it later that year. ...
... and health care management, and ensuring access to health services regardless of ability to pay. Donald Pennell (1987-1997) ... and asserted that the promotion of stronger family units will result in reduced social problems and a more robust workforce. On ...
... the promotion of mental health law and medical practice ; and (d) the improvement of mental health care and mental institutions ... the promotion of mental health law and medical practice, and (d) the improvement of mental health care and mental institutions ... promotion, protection and restoration of human rights at national, regional and international levels (Book) Protection of the ... United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. Freedom of the individual under law : a study on ...
He resigned from Congress in 1818 because of his wife's ill health. He was appointed the Prothonotary (Chief Clerk, Notary and ... During the 1820s, Ingham was a member of the prestigious Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, which ... Rathbun, Richard (1904). The Columbian institute for the promotion of arts and sciences: A Washington Society of 1816-1838. ...
Successful projects included the location or expansion of Sierra Military Health Systems, World Relief international ... ", "Across-the-board promotion of the City", February 25, 2000" "IEDC Leadership Summit Brochure", "Speakers", January 2011 The ... and major health care institution that will ultimately build an acute care hospital. As director of the Montgomery County ...
The ultimate aim of the program is to improve the organizational health of participating employers and certified trainers, with ... homeWorkplace Health Promotion home. *Workplace Health Initiativesplus icon *CDC Workplace Health Resource Centerplus icon * ... health, including health screenings; incentives; health promotion programs, policies, and practices; disease management; and ... Source: Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion ...
The ultimate aim of the program is to improve the organizational health of participating employers and certified trainers, with ... homeWorkplace Health Promotion home. *Workplace Health Initiativesplus icon *CDC Workplace Health Resource Centerplus icon * ... Content source: Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion ... Workplace Health Modelplus icon *Control Health Care Costsplus icon *Increase Productivity ...
SOLVE: Integrating health promotion into workplace OSH policies - Trainers guide .... SOLVE: Integrating health promotion into ... SOLVE: Integrating health promotion into workplace OSH policies - Trainers guidepdf - 6.8 MB * ... Safety and health at work. * Areas of work * OSH is a FPRW ... Workplace health promotion and well-being * Occupational Safety ... occupational safety and health, stress, rehabilitation, smoking, substance abuse ...
Office of Health Promotion. Find us on the Campus Map. Sayles-Hill 162. ...
Cannot be used in conjunction with Loyalty Discount or any other promotions. ...
World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. (‎1996)‎. Promotion of research on health sector Reforms. WHO ...
Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior. If you would like to apply to the Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior Master ... Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior MPH. Special Note: Contact the program graduate director in the Department of Health ... Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior Certificate of Graduate Study in Global Health Questions: Contact the program ... Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior Health Communication Certificate. Questions: Contact the program graduate director in ...
The practice of colonic cleansing to promote general health and well-being continues to generate interest among the lay ... Clinical effects of colonic cleansing for general health promotion: a systematic review Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 Nov;104(11): ... The practice of colonic cleansing to improve or promote general health is not supported in the published literature and cannot ... The practice of colonic cleansing to promote general health and well-being continues to generate interest among the lay ...
2016, CHPR, Fagdag, Health promotion, HP Wortwhile?, news, NTNU, public health, research ... Department of Social Work and Health Science and Department of Public Health and General Practice. ...
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1993)‎. Health promotion (‎Resolution)‎. WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific. https://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/ ...
Offers presentations in North Zone Communities within the broad scope of health promotion; injury prevention; tobacco; and ... Offers presentations in North Zone Communities within the broad scope of health promotion; injury prevention; tobacco; and ... This website is part of the AlbertaHealthServices.ca & MyHealth.Alberta.ca family of health websites. Learn more ... Call a Community Health Services Centre in your area for more information. ...
This website is part of the AlbertaHealthServices.ca & MyHealth.Alberta.ca family of health websites. Learn more ...
Peer Health Advocate FAQ. *Red Hawk Recovery Program. *Request a Program *Request a Health Promotion Speaker ... Mental Health Resources. Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) provides a variety of resources for your mental health ... Montclair State University Health Center (located in Blanton Hall) provides confidential sexual health services right here on ... Visit the University Health Center website for more information!. Flu.gov: Provides one-stop access to U.S. Government seasonal ...
... health promotion - Raising our voices to improve health around the world. ... by Justin Williams, Health Communications Specialist, Division of Global Health Protection4 Comments. Categories Archive, Ebola ...
As the lead health authority within the United Nations (UN) system, we help ensure the safety of the air we breathe, the food ... Health lays the foundation for vibrant and productive communities, stronger economies, safer nations and a better world. Our ... Health promotion is the process of enabling people to improve their health through improving control of modifiable risk factors ... The World Health Organization (WHO) is building a better future for people everywhere. ...
These include original studies that are not appropriate for full-length manuscripts but relevant to health promotion practice. ... Health Education Association of Nepal (HEAN). The copyright is transferred to the Health Education Association of Nepal (HEAN ...
Social and Community Health, Population Health, with Manusiu Latu, Population Health and Psychological Medicine. ... Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences * You are currently on: Health promotion in action: equipping our students to change the ... Dr Debbie Hager (right), Social and Community Health, Population Health, with Manusiu Latu, Population Health and Psychological ... and enabling people to take control of their lives and the determinants of health, are the key goals of good health promotion ...
... and health maintenance behaviors, often before they feel ready. Health care providers are challenged because health-promotion ... Health promotion in people with multiple sclerosis.. Posted on May 1, 2005. (March 30, 2012) by AAHD ... Patients, clinicians, and researchers face the challenge of determining which health-promotion activities are not only ... American Association on Health and Disability. 110 N. Washington Street, Suite 407. Rockville, MD 20850. Phone: (301) 545-6140 ...
Perspectives in Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Surgeon Generals Workshop on Health Promotion and Aging: Summary ... CDC WONDER is a system for disseminating Public Health data and information ... Perspectives in Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Surgeon Generals Workshop on Health Promotion and Aging: Summary ... Public Health Service. Promoting health/preventing disease: objectives for the nation. Washington, DC: US Department of Health ...
The World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program is required, by law (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of ... your personal health information is held by the WTC Health Program and will be used and disclosed ("given out") by the WTC ... This project addresses adverse health effects to World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers of exposure to dust ... 1996 (HIPAA)), to maintain the privacy and security of your personal health information and to provide you with notice of its ...
Improving implementation of health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health Authors: H. J. Smith, A. G. Portela ... Factors that affect implementation of health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health in low- and middle-income ... Recently published guidance from the World Health Organization on health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn ... The recent WHO report on health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health recommends birth preparedness and ...
This Portsmouth, NH area study will expand our scientific understanding of PFAS by looking at the association between health ... I participated in the Pease Study because I care about learning more about the effects of PFAS on health. Not just for me, but ... The Pease Study aims to help us learn if PFAS may have harmed the health of people who drank contaminated water on the ... What are the health effects of PFAS?plus icon *What are PFAS? ... PFAS may have harmed the health of people who drank ...
Fife Health and Social Care Partnerships Health Promotion Training Team has limited places available on some training courses ... The course aim is to increase participants understanding of health literacy and its impacts on health and wellbeing. Health ... Understanding Health Literacy. Dates: 18/03/2022. Time: 10:00. Duration (hrs): 1. Platform: Microsoft Teams. Aims: ... The aim of this training is to enable health professionals who work with families and children to make effective use of the ...
Wellington Community Health Centre Chronic And Complex Care Service/Health Promotion in WELLINGTON, NSW 2820 offers the ... Wellington Community Health Centre Chronic And Complex Care Service/Health Promotion. (. http://www.wnswlhd.health.nsw.gov.au/ ... Wellington Community Health Centre Chronic And Complex Care Service/Health Promotion. .css-y1yvo4{display:-webkit-box;display:- ... Wellington Community Health Centre Chronic And Complex Care Service/Health Promotion. .css-rszk63{margin-bottom:var(--chakra- ...
Health education and promotion , Strategy/policy Section menu. You are here. *Health education and promotion*About the ... The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, November 1986. The Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World, August ... Food marketing to children and adolescents in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: implications for public health (EM/RC54/R9) ... Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies [pdf 1.04Mb] ...
The Health Departments Back the Vax with Facts campaign aims to dispel any myths about COVID vaccines and encourage ... Jack Osbourne Provides Ozzy Osbourne Health Update - Ozzy Says COVID Sucks. Jack Osbourne Provides Ozzy Osbourne Health ... Health experts have preached for months the best way to put the pandemic behind us is to get vaccinated. However, thanks to the ... The goal of the Health Department's Back the Vax...with Facts campaign is two-fold. The first is as an outreach program ...
Using these resources can improve your communitys health. The health of everyone in a community is a goal of health promotion. ... oral health promotion, and other programs. Some examples of health education interventions can be found in the Community Health ... Health promotion programs are often delivered through community health workers. They can be delivered in a variety of ways, ... Health and Wellness Programs Health programs aim to address the underlying influences that lead to ill health. These ...
Pedagogy in Health Promotion: The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning ( PHP ) advances pedagogy through contributions in areas ... Works by health professionals involved in teaching subjects related to health promotion, health education, public health and ... and practice in the health promotion, public health, and health care fields. ... Pedagogy in Health Promotion is sold as a package with Health Education & Behavior ...
WRIGHT, SCD e MAREE, JE. Health care practices influencing health promotion in urban black women in Tshwane. Curationis [online ... Health promotion is a multifaceted activity. Women and children are particularly vulnerable regarding access to quality health ... was to gain an understanding of the health care practices of urban black women that could influence health promotion activities ... The results indicated that the social environment created by the registered nurses in the primary health influenced the health ...
  • These indicators provide a snapshot of currently available surveillance information, and can be useful for prioritization and evaluation of public health interventions. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention has developed a case study of policy, environmental, and systems-level interventions for managing high blood pressure and high cholesterol in health care settings. (cdc.gov)
  • To meet these challenges, health professionals need to better understand the health needs of the elderly and the available preventive interventions. (cdc.gov)
  • Recently published guidance from the World Health Organization on health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health recommends a series of interrelated interventions to improve access and use of skilled care during pregnancy, childbirth and after birth. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These summaries of implementation factors provide valuable information that can be used by policy makers and programme managers in considering adaptation of health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The most successful public health programs are based on a technically-sound, evidence-based package of interventions. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Some examples of health education interventions can be found in the Community Health Workers Toolkit. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Understanding urban black women's health care practices will enable health promoters to develop interventions that are successful. (scielo.org.za)
  • The objective of this study will be to evaluate the health benefits and harms of PA interventions for sedentary adults with multimorbidity in primary care settings. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • We will include randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental, and non-randomized trials examining the health benefits and harms of PA interventions with or without additional lifestyle interventions for sedentary adult patients with multimorbidity (e.g., two or more chronic non-communicable diseases) in primary care. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • This review will evaluate the evidence on health benefits and harms of PA interventions for sedentary adults with multimorbidity in primary care settings. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Health psychology proposes epistemological and practical support for psychological interventions beyond the clinical setting. (bvsalud.org)
  • Whilst calling for bold political interventions to accelerate country action on the SDGs, the Shanghai Declaration provides a framework through which governments can utilize the transformational potential of health promotion. (who.int)
  • Reducing inequities within and between countries, and enabling people to take control of their lives and the determinants of health, are the key goals of good health promotion practice. (auckland.ac.nz)
  • For example, the COVID-19 pandemic exposed some of the common fractures and inequities in society, and highlighted the significance of the social, economic and environmental determinants of health. (who.int)
  • The Rio Political Declaration on the Social Determinants of Health (2011), inspired by the work of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health identified key actions for countries and global health partners to achieve greater equity in health that promote equitable access to goods and services essential to health and well-being. (who.int)
  • Fife Health and Social Care Partnership's Health Promotion Training Team has limited places available on some training courses running from 24/02/2022 to 31/03/2022 . (fva.org)
  • Front Public Health;10: 951641, 2022. (bvsalud.org)
  • Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) provides a variety of resources for your mental health including suicide prevention, depression and anxiety. (montclair.edu)
  • You can schedule an appointment for STI testing or treatment, birth control, emergency contraception, PrEP for HIV prevention, as well as other sexual health services by calling 973-655-3459. (montclair.edu)
  • Patients are challenged because they are under tremendous pressure to actively engage themselves in multiple prevention, treatment, and health maintenance behaviors, often before they feel ready. (aahd.us)
  • The work of health educators covers topics such as disease prevention, environmental health, safety, emotional health, and risk behaviors. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Health education, prevention, and promotion - if they specifically address the populations that most need them (the more vulnerable, the more underprivileged) - may be adapted as well as cost-efficient responses to fight against health inequalities. (iospress.com)
  • This book presents the experiences of professionals from various institutional backgrounds (public, associative, academic, etc.) from eight European countries, as well as their recommendations to improve the access of excluded people and populations to prevention and health promotion. (iospress.com)
  • Modern-day societies present with new biological, behavioral and epidemiological profiles, implying the need to redesign care practices and activities and prioritize health promotion and disease prevention. (bvsalud.org)
  • Based on this approach, this article presents and explains some ideas in health promotion and disease prevention, showing the compatibility between health actions and the work of the psychologist in public health at the different care levels, proposing guidelines for the activities of the psychologist in primary, secondary and tertiary care. (bvsalud.org)
  • The extension project, entitled "Health Promotion Program in Pediatric Dentistry", from the School of Dentistry of Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), aims to train professionals who will deal with oral health prevention and promotion in children and adolescents, in addition to offering the community a reference center for follow-up pediatric dental care. (bvsalud.org)
  • World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Recent World Health Organization recommendations recognize the important role Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) can play in supporting the health of women and newborns. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The World Health Organization recently made a recommendation supporting 'culturally-appropriate' maternity care services to improve maternal and newborn health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Well-being is captured within the original World Health Organization (WHO) expression of health as an aspirational, positive state experienced by individuals: "health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" (WHO, 1948). (who.int)
  • Data has been collected by the Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Programme at the Division of Noncommunicable Diseases and Promoting Health through the Life course, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe together with the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development of the World Health Organization Headquarters. (who.int)
  • and comprehensive workplace health programs as examples. (cdc.gov)
  • Workplace health promotion is a collective effort of employers, employees, and society to help workers improve their physical and mental health. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Schweda S, Krauss I. Physical activity promotion for multimorbid patients in primary care settings: a protocol for a systematic review evaluating health benefits and harms. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • State and local governments and other community-based programs should strengthen relationships with alcohol-related networks (e.g., mental health centers, drug rehabilitation programs) to improve identification, referral, and treatment of older alcoholics. (cdc.gov)
  • The practice of colonic cleansing to promote general health and well-being continues to generate interest among the lay population. (nih.gov)
  • The investigators concluded that there are no methodologically rigorous controlled trials of colonic cleansing to support the practice for general health promotion. (nih.gov)
  • The practice of colonic cleansing to improve or promote general health is not supported in the published literature and cannot be recommended at this time. (nih.gov)
  • Professor Toril Rannestad , Associate Professors Gørill Haugan and Beate André presented at the NTNU Fagdag for the Department of Nursing Science, Department of Social Work and Health Science and Department of Public Health and General Practice. (ntnu.no)
  • Over the years the IUHPE quarterly journal Global Health Promotion has been a major source for insight into the state of the art of global health promotion practice. (sagepub.com)
  • Provide an international and interdisciplinary forum for the dissemination and exchange of theory, empirical research and evaluation about health promotion practice, health education and public health, with a particular emphasis on intervention research findings and innovative strategies for health promotion. (sagepub.com)
  • The problem investigated was to gain an understanding of the health care practices of urban black women that could influence health promotion activities. (scielo.org.za)
  • The results indicated that the social environment created by the registered nurses in the primary health influenced the health care practices of the women negatively. (scielo.org.za)
  • Practices regarding the seriousness of a health problem suggest a possible reason for late admission of a person with a serious health problem. (scielo.org.za)
  • It increases health awareness for the public and policymakers in all sectors and directs them to be aware of potential health consequences of personal choices. (who.int)
  • If you would like to apply to the Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior Master of Public Health (MPH) degree, Master of Public Health Professional Online degree, or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree, you will need to submit your application through The Centralized Application Service for Public Health (SOPHAS). (sc.edu)
  • Master of Social Work/Master of Public Health (MSW/MPH), Aging Certificate, Global Health Certificate, and Health Communication Certificate applicants will need to apply though the UofSC Graduate School. (sc.edu)
  • The MPH, MPH Professional Online Program, and Ph.D. applicants must apply through The Centralized Application Service for Public Health (SOPHAS). (sc.edu)
  • Cosponsored by the Administration on Aging, the Public Health Service*, the Brookdale Foundation, and the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, the workshop provided the health professional community with recommendations and proposals for health promotion activities that directly address the needs of the elderly. (cdc.gov)
  • Among the public health programs in the city are the Health Insurance Program, which assists in enrolling eligible residents in low and free health insurance programs. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • The social inequalities of health have persisted in Europe, or even increased for the last 15 years, despite the large amount of public funds spent on health and social protection. (iospress.com)
  • The process of knowledge translation (KT) in health research depends on the activities of a wide range of actors, including health professionals, researchers, the public, policymakers, and research funders. (milbank.org)
  • From companies to public health, groups of people with the desire to improve their health and well-being can benefit from the knowledge you gain in this program. (masterstudies.com)
  • Psychologists in public health. (bvsalud.org)
  • The first International Conference on Health Promotion was held in Ottawa in 1986, and was primarily a response to growing expectations for a new public health movement around the world. (who.int)
  • Questions on health insurance only asked of private school respondents because public school faculty and staff receive health insurance from the state or district. (cdc.gov)
  • For the health of future generations, young been shown that unhealthy habits exist people deserve the attention of public health among college and university students [ 2 ]. (who.int)
  • The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is a federal public health agency with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, and 10 regional offices in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • ATSDR's mission is to serve the public by using the best science, taking responsive public health actions, and providing trusted health information to prevent harmful exposures and diseases related to toxic substances. (cdc.gov)
  • Inequalities in health are rooted in inequities in society. (who.int)
  • Health promotion enables people to reach a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing. (who.int)
  • Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. (who.int)
  • They can be delivered in a variety of ways, including oral health education, oral health promotion, and other programs. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Preventive maintenance has been considered a very important step in dental care, whose main goal is to preserve the oral health of patients and reach early diagnoses of diseases which affect the oral cavity. (bvsalud.org)
  • During this period, the project proved to be important in maintaining patients' oral health, providing the early diagnosis of oral conditions and continuing care. (bvsalud.org)
  • The Successful Business Strategies to Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke Toolkit developed by CDC provides employers with guidelines and recommendations to reduce costs through investing in cardiovascular health programs including collaborating and establishing partnerships with state health organizations. (cdc.gov)
  • Reducing the Risk For Heart Disease and Stroke: a Six-Step Guide for Employers pdf icon [PDF - 289 KB] developed by CDC, the Six-Step Guide is designed to show employers how they can reduce costs by investing in worksite health promotion and negotiate with health plans to cover preventive services. (cdc.gov)
  • The service works closely with GPs and other health providers to promote best outcomes for those affected by chronic respiratory disease. (healthdirect.gov.au)
  • The world is confronting complex uncertainties, shocks and a series of simultaneous, interrelated crises: From climate change, prolonged instability and conflicts to economic jolts and disease outbreaks, society is learning the hard way that periods of concurrent crises erode social and individual well-being, and ultimately undermine people's health and well-being. (who.int)
  • 1996)‎. Promotion of research on health sector Reforms. (who.int)
  • This includes using research about domestic violence, mental illness and disability, and the practical tools and lessons learnt from promoting health in marginalised communities. (auckland.ac.nz)
  • Little is known, however, about health research funding agencies' support and promotion of KT. (milbank.org)
  • The Milbank Quarterly 's multidisciplinary approach and commitment to applying the best empirical research to practical policymaking offers in-depth assessments of the social, economic, political, historical, legal, and ethical dimensions of health and health care policy. (milbank.org)
  • Global Health Promotion provides a unique global perspective on health promotion research and events. (sagepub.com)
  • ATSDR is not a regulatory agency, unlike the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which is the federal agency that develops and enforces environmental laws to protect the environment and human health. (cdc.gov)
  • Sustaining and protecting health against overlapping crises requires integrated thinking and actions in relation to societal, community and individual well-being, as well as changes in attitudes and investments in key social structures - particularly those that enable people to take more control of their own lives and health. (who.int)
  • Community participation in in health programme planning, implementation and quality improvement was recently recommended in guidelines to improve use of skilled care during pregnancy, childbirth and the postna. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is a vital endeavor because it helps to improve the health of employees while also reducing the cost of medical care. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Reducing health risks and improving health therefore neglected. (who.int)
  • Educating patients on health-related issues helps them make informed decisions and make healthy choices. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • In addition to educating patients on healthy habits, health educators advocate for the use of health-related services, develop and implement mass media campaigns, and train peer educators. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Educating critical periods in the development and students about health promotion and self- stabilization of health and risk behaviour [ 4 ]. (who.int)
  • Implementing life-saving improvements in health services and medical response. (cdc.gov)
  • Closing the health gap between socially and educationally disadvantaged people and more advantaged people requires policies that will improve access to health-enhancing goods and services, and create supportive environments. (who.int)
  • Call Community Health Services in your area for more information. (albertahealthservices.ca)
  • Montclair State University Health Center (located in Blanton Hall) provides confidential sexual health services right here on campus. (montclair.edu)
  • In addition, the military operates regional contracts with private-sector health plans to provide health care services to beneficiaries. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • A hospital is a health care institution providing medical, surgical and psychiatric services on an inpatient and outpatient basis. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • 24.0% of states had someone at the state level to oversee or coordinate health promotion activities or services for faculty and staff throughout the state. (cdc.gov)
  • States Districts Schools promotion activities or services for faculty and staff at the school. (cdc.gov)
  • It is a powerful advocate for more effective health promotion at community, national and international levels. (sagepub.com)
  • The basic strategies for health promotion identified in the Ottawa Charter were: advocate (to boost the factors which encourage health), enable (allowing all people to achieve health equity) and mediate (through collaboration across all sectors). (who.int)
  • Most recently, the 9th global conference (Shanghai 2016), titled 'Promoting health in the Sustainable Development Goals: Health for all and all for health', highlighted the critical links between promoting health and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. (who.int)
  • ABSTRACT The purpose of this pilot study in Turkey was to determine the effects of a health promotion course on enhancement of self-care agency and health-promoting behaviours of University of Kocaeli students. (who.int)
  • After the course, the self-care agency and health-promoting lifestyle scores of the university students increased significantly. (who.int)
  • Promoting self-responsibility during of growth and development characterized college and university years can set by rapid, interrelated changes of body, lifelong positive health habits. (who.int)
  • Patients, clinicians, and researchers face the challenge of determining which health-promotion activities are not only supported by the evidence but also appropriate for a given patient.New models of health promotion are being developed that integrate self-help and professional help. (aahd.us)
  • It is a multilingual journal that publishes authoritative peer-reviewed articles in English, French and Spanish for a worldwide audience of researchers and professionals interested in health promotion and health education. (sagepub.com)
  • Publishing in three international languages, papers that appeal to both researchers and practitioners, Global Health Promotion is a unique and essential tool for empowering the health promotion community world-wide. (sagepub.com)
  • Advocates for Youth is dedicated to creating programs and advocating for policies that help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their reproductive and sexual health. (montclair.edu)
  • Health promotion programs are often delivered through community health workers. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Health care programs have a range of design features that affect the effectiveness of care. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • In addition to health insurance, military members can enroll in health care programs administered by the military. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • These programs are similar to group health plans. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Many CUNY schools offer a range of health education programs, ranging from Licensed Practical Nursing to doctoral degrees. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • Health programs aim to address the underlying influences that lead to ill health. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • We anticipate our findings to be of interest to patients, their families, caregivers, and healthcare professionals in selecting and conducting optimal health promotion programs. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The Milbank Memorial Fund supports two state leadership programs for legislative and executive branch state government officials committed to improving population health. (milbank.org)
  • This project addresses adverse health effects to World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers of exposure to dust containing asbestos and other toxic components. (cdc.gov)
  • Health is both a fundamental human right and a sound social investment. (who.int)
  • Social service providers, home-health aides, and other providers should be informed about the potential for alcohol abuse among older clients, about methods for identifying and referring these clients, and about how to advise family members of elderly clients with problems of alcohol abuse. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr Debbie Hager (right), Social and Community Health, Population Health, with Manusiu Latu, Population Health and Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences. (auckland.ac.nz)
  • Health promotion is based on values of social justice, empowerment and equity, enabling the root causes of illness - poverty, discrimination, powerlessness and inequity - to be tackled at local, national and global levels. (auckland.ac.nz)
  • Health literacy is about individuals having enough knowledge, understanding, skills and confidence to use health information, to be active partners in their care, and to navigate health and social care systems. (fva.org)
  • Health and well-being are rooted in the recognition that both are influenced by biological, social and environmental determinants. (who.int)
  • This dataset provides information about national strategies, action plans and policies in the field of nutrition and promotion of healthy diets. (who.int)
  • Health care providers are challenged because health-promotion activities require more time, counseling skills, and organizational resources than traditional, acute medical care. (aahd.us)
  • The Milbank Memorial Fund is is a foundation that works to improve population health and health equity. (milbank.org)
  • Since then, the WHO Global Health Promotion Conferences have established and developed the global principles and action areas for health promotion. (who.int)
  • Breast awareness mobile apps for health education and promotion for breast cancer. (bvsalud.org)
  • With traditional lines between crisis management and recovery, emergency humanitarian responses, and national development approaches fading, adaptation requires a fundamental redirection of societal values and actions to sustain and protect health and well-being - largely through a re-emphasis and accelerated action on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. (who.int)
  • Health promotion is the process of enabling people to improve their health through improving control of modifiable risk factors. (who.int)
  • Health promotion in people with multiple sclerosis. (aahd.us)
  • Spread the word to help us recruit more people so we can all better understand PFAS health effects. (cdc.gov)
  • The Pease Study needs more participants to learn if #PFAS may have harmed the health of people who drank contaminated water on the Tradeport. (cdc.gov)
  • Everywhere in Europe original initiatives have been developed to respond to the health needs of these people. (iospress.com)
  • The flexible, online program prepares innovative leaders to implement effective health promotion and wellness strategies for the people they serve. (masterstudies.com)
  • A medical or epidemiologic evaluation of one person or a small group of people to gather information about specific health conditions and past exposures. (cdc.gov)
  • The second, and equally important, if not more so, is to vaccinate those who are interested either at the Health Department office on Mulberry Street in downtown Evansville or through the city's vaccine bus which will continue to run throughout the summer months. (103gbfrocks.com)
  • TRICARE is administered by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs). (mnhealthcare.org)
  • As the number of older persons in the United States increases, the role of health promotion needs further exploration as a means of improving activity levels and productivity during the later years and of extending functional life spans. (cdc.gov)
  • 54.0% of states, 98.4% of districts, * and 92.0% of private schools provided health insurance coverage to faculty and staff. (cdc.gov)
  • The aim of this training is to enable health professionals who work with families and children to make effective use of the toolkit, and to understand how they can support families when there is a concern around diet, overweight or obesity. (fva.org)
  • Using these resources can improve your community's health. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • I genuinely believe that Global Health Promotion is a technically sound publication, which has the potential to further improve and strengthen given the professional inputs it is currently receiving both on the administrative side and technical sides. (sagepub.com)
  • will increase longevity, improve quality of Universities are establishments where life and reduce health care costs. (who.int)
  • A health care program's benefits coverage, payment methods, and administrative efficiency are just a few of the key features to consider. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • A clinic is a healthcare facility that provides outpatient care, typically for primary and preventive health issues. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • The primary outcomes will be health-related quality of life and mortality. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The Fund identifies and shares policy ideas and analysis to advance state health leadership, strong primary care, healthy aging, and sustainable health care costs. (milbank.org)
  • MSW/MPH, Aging Certificate, Global Health Certificate, and Health Communication Certificate prospective students will apply through the UofSC Graduate School . (sc.edu)
  • The 'Surgeon General's Workshop on Health Promotion and Aging' met in Washington, D.C., in March 1988 to help define unmet health promotion needs for the aging. (cdc.gov)
  • To provide participants with the practical skills and knowledge necessary for them to lead health walks safely and effectively. (fva.org)
  • Global Health Promotion is the official publication of the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE-UIPES). (sagepub.com)
  • Through articles, discussions and particularly through the publication of Supplement issues Global Health Promotion has become the place to go for cutting edge insight into present day health promotion. (sagepub.com)
  • Total health promotion : mental health, rational fields and the quest for autonomy / David Seedhouse. (who.int)
  • To date multimorbidity has not received much attention in health policies, even though multiple chronic diseases put high demands on the health care system in industrial nations. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Despite the tragic loss of life, it also clearly demonstrated the extraordinary outcomes that genuine `whole-of-government', multilateral and multisectoral collaboration can generate when focused on health. (who.int)
  • Planned Parenthood New Jersey is a community-based non-profit organization providing reproductive health care, education and advocacy for 75 years. (montclair.edu)
  • The health of everyone in a community is a goal of health promotion. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • If the SOPHAS application fee presents a financial difficulty, please contact the program graduate director in the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior to apply for financial assistance at 803-777-7096 or [email protected] . (sc.edu)
  • Contact the program graduate director in the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior at 803-777-7096 or email Ken Watkins . (sc.edu)
  • Contact the program graduate director in the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior at 803-777-7096 or [email protected] . (sc.edu)
  • In an effort to provide accurate, factual information on how the vaccines work, their safety, and the benefit to not only individuals but to everyone, the Vanderburgh County Health Department is launching a new campaign aimed at doing just that with the hope those who are on the fence will sign up to receive the vaccine. (103gbfrocks.com)
  • The goal of the Health Department's 'Back the Vax. (103gbfrocks.com)
  • Another program is Healthy Neighborhoods, which offers home visits and free products to address common health concerns among low-income residents and at-risk families. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • By improving employee health, employers are able to attract and retain top talent. (mnhealthcare.org)
  • It launched a series of actions among international organizations, national governments and local communities to achieve the goal of 'Health For All' by the year 2000 and beyond. (who.int)
  • The Fund supports networks of state health policy decision makers to help identify, inspire, and inform policy leaders. (milbank.org)
  • More recently the journal has taken on the task of representing the state of the art in health promotion. (sagepub.com)
  • Among the 46.0% of districts that indicated their state did not offer health insurance. (cdc.gov)