Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Great BritainPolicy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Fairs: Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Health Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Prepaid Health Plans: Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Social Determinants of Health: The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).Maternal-Child Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Holistic Health: Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.National Health Insurance, United StatesEmployment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.EnglandHealth Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Personal Health Services: Health care provided to individuals.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Health Facility Administration: Management of the organization of HEALTH FACILITIES.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.BrazilMedical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Minority Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Employer Health Costs: That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.IndiaMaternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Ross River virus
doi:10.1007/s15010-014-0695-0. "Ross River virus infection - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention". SA Health. Fraser, J.R. (12 ... "Ross River Virus Disease". Better Health Channel. Department of Health, State Government, Victoria. March 2013. Retrieved 15 ... The RRV infection is characterised by very high fever, pain in the joints, loss of appetite and weakness. Hydration by ... Ross River fever is also known as Ross River virus infection or Ross River virus disease. The Ross River virus is named after ...
Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS
The risk of contracting HIV via sex with animals is small, but the practice has its own health risks. Diagnosis of infection ... HIV infections have a prolonged and variable course. The median period of time between infection with HIV and the onset of ... a CD4+ lymphocyte count under 200 cells/μl or HIV infection plus co-infection with an AIDS-defining opportunistic infection. ... Infection. 14 (5): 203-211. doi:10.1007/BF01644263. PMID 3539811. "Condoms and STDs: Fact Sheet for Public Health Personnel". ...
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health ... Infection. 30 (1): 41-2. doi:10.1007/s15010-001-1172-0. PMID 11876516. Goldman, I. D.; Matherly, L. H. (1987). "Biochemical ... "Leucovorin Calcium". The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 8 ... "WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (19th List)" (PDF). World Health Organization. April 2015. Archived (PDF) from the ...
Poor general health reduces healing rate. Drugs that impair the inflammatory response impede healing also. Infection. Diverts ... Post-traumatic wound infection is the most common cause of chronic osteomyelitis in patients. Osteomyelitis can also occur ... The fracture pieces remain separated and can be caused by infection and/or lack of blood supply (Ischaemia) to the bone. There ... Complications of fracture healing include: Infection: this is the most common complication of fractures and predominantly ...
A. duodenale infections occur at a lesser rate and are seen primarily in Europe and the Mediterranean. A draft assembly of the ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. 2013. Behnke JM, De Clercq D, Sacko M, ... Infection and transmission of others can be prevented by not defecating outdoors or using human feces fertilizer. N. americanus ... Bethony J, Brooker S, Albonico M, Geiger SM, Loukas A, Diemert D, Hotez PJ (May 2006). "Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ...
Infection Control. Children with Congenital Heart Disease. Development of pediatric and medical specialties. Scholarships, ... Malnutrition Reduction, Anemia Reduction, School Health Program. Project Vietnam making a difference in lives of children, by ... and medical training to health professionals in the country. The organization identified Vitamin K deficiency as a major cause ...
"Shigella Infection". Shigella Infection Complications. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 24 August 2012. ... "Shigellosis - Chapter 3 - 2016 Yellow Book , Travelers' Health , CDC". Cdc.gov. Retrieved 18 April 2016. Jain, Sanjay K.; Gupta ... "Shigella Infection". Shigella Infection Complications. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 24 August 2012. ... including having the infection spread into the blood, which can be life-threatening to the person. Infections can result in ...
... a newly identified public health threat". Zoonoses and Public Health. 61 (2): 113-23. doi:10.1111/zph.12052. PMID 23672285. Lay ... subsequent lack of micronutrients may lead to increased risk of infection and death due to leptospirosis infection. ... If the infection causes the person to turn yellow, have kidney failure and bleeding, it is then known as Weil's disease. If it ... Annual rates of infection vary from 0.02 per 100,000 in temperate climates to 10 to 100 per 100,000 in tropical climates. This ...
The AIDS Support Organization
Diagnostic and treatment strategies for Health Care workers. Kampala: STD/AIDS Control Programme. Ministry of Health. Noerine ... "Gunning down new infections and scaling up HIV prevention. A case study of the Uganda Uniformed forces in collaboration with ... Facts about HIV infection and disease. Kampala: TASO Uganda. 1995. Janie Hampton (1991). Living Positively with AIDS (Revised ... A small group, composed of health workers and some patients, were allocated a room in the Polio Clinic at Mulago Hospital where ...
infection" (PDF). Coral Reefs. 28 (1): 67. doi:10.1007/s00338-008-0419-y. Retrieved 2009-08-16. Richardson, L.L. (2004). "Black ... Band Disease". In Rosenberg, E.; Loya, Y. Coral health and disease. Springer. pp. 325-336. ISBN 3-540-20772-4. Retrieved 2009- ... Its authors therefore gave this new manifestation the name "Caribbean ciliate infection". Lynn, D. (2008). "Subphylum 1, ...
NHS Choices Health A-Z Norovirus infections Global network and database noroviruses CDC Viral Gastroenteritis FAQs: Center for ... In health-care environments, the prevention of nosocomial infections involves routine and terminal cleaning. Nonflammable ... Norovirus infection cannot be treated with antibiotics because it is not a bacterial infection. Treatments aim to avoid ... Canada, Government of Canada, Public Health Agency of. "Norovirus - Fact sheet - Public Health Agency of Canada". www.phac-aspc ...
World Health Organization. 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2009. Cook GC (September 1994). "Enterobius vermicularis infection". Gut ... The pinworm has a worldwide distribution, and is the most common helminth (i.e., parasitic worm) infection in the United States ... The medical condition associated with pinworm infestation is known as pinworm infection (enterobiasis) (a type of helminthiasis ... Gutiérrez, Yezid (2000). Diagnostic pathology of parasitic infections with clinical correlations (PDF) (Second ed.). Oxford ...
Infection and Immunity. 56 (4): 726-8. PMID 3346072. Africa CW, Nel J, Stemmet M (July 2014). "Anaerobes and bacterial ... International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 11 (7): 6979-7000. doi:10.3390/ijerph110706979. PMC 4113856 ... "Pathogenicity of Treponema denticola Wild-Type and Mutant Strain Tested by an Active Mode of Periodontal Infection Using ...
Health officials clearly identified strains of V. vulnificus infections among evacuees from New Orleans due to the flooding ... This severe infection may occur regardless of whether the infection began from contaminated food or an open wound. Among ... V. vulnificus wound infections have a mortality rate around 25%. In people in whom the infection worsens into septicemia, ... About half of those who contract blood infections die. V. vulnificus infections also disproportionately affect males; 85% of ...
World Health Organization. Retrieved 2011-05-09. Connor, JP; Edelson, JG (April 1988). "Needle tract infection. A case report ... World Health Organization. March 2010. M.A. Miller; E. Pisani. "The cost of unsafe injections". Bulletin of the World Health ... Such infections are also referred to as needlestick infections. Many species of animals, and some stinging plants, have ... "Injection safety". Health Topics A to Z. World Health Organization. Retrieved 2011-05-09. Mann, E. (2016). Injection ( ...
... and sequential-testing surveillance programs for infection control (e.g., those for health-care workers). HPA Interim Guidance ... "HIV infection is the greatest known risk factor for the progression of latent M. tuberculosis infection to active TB. In many ... "Populations at increased risk of progressing to active infection once exposed: Persons with recent TB infection [those infected ... This can also be triggered by receiving the BCG vaccine, as opposed to a proper infection. Although boosting can occur in any ...
Host microbe interactions in Caenorhabditis elegans
"Association with Soil Bacteria Enhances p38-Dependent Infection Resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans". Infection and Immunity. ... Sekirov I, Russell SL, Antunes LC, Finlay BB (2010). "Gut microbiota in health and disease. Physiol. Rev". Physiological ... The ability of B. megaterium to enhance resistance against the infection with P. aeruginosa seems to be linked to the decrease ... An anti-viral RNAi pathway is essential for C. elegans resistance against Orsay virus infection Two bacterial strains of the ...
In areas of high humidity, root rot due to fungus infection can be a problem. Organic mulches can trap moisture around the ... The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that lavender is considered likely safe in food amounts and possibly safe ... Cavanagh, Heather MA; Wilkinson, Jenny M (March 2005). "Lavender essential oil: a review" (PDF). Australian Infection Control. ... "Lavender: Science and Safety". National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. March 2007. Retrieved 2013-11-05. ...
"Preventing kidney infection". nhs.uk. National Health Service. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2014. "excuse yourself ... "Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Prevention - Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)". Urologychannel.com. Retrieved 10 February 2013. de ... The reflex hyperactivity is made worse, and may be caused, by infection in the bladder wall. Due to the positions where the ... Resisting the urge to urinate because of lack of facilities can promote urinary tract infections which can lead to more serious ...
Most breast infections occur within the first or second month after delivery or at the time of weaning. However, in rare cases ... It is also of economic importance in the sow, but, in this species, it is not related to public health. In other domestic ... Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 711. ISBN 1-4377-2006-4. Mastitis and breast abscess, BMJ Best Practice (last updated 5 September ... "Breast Infection Symptoms". Retrieved 2010-04-20. Segura-Sampedro JJ, Jiménez-Rodríguez R, Camacho-Marente V, Pareja-Ciuró F, ...
Infection can occur at any age; however, the most common ages that have been reported are children 5-10 years old. In order to ... "Dientamoeba fragilis: A harmless commensal or a mild pathogen?". Paediatr Child Health. 3. April 1998. Stark D, Beebe N, ... Infection with D. fragilis, called dientamoebiasis, is associated variously with symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight ... "Dientamoeba Fragilis Infection". Emedicine Medscape. Retrieved December 9, 2016. Johnson EH, Windsor JJ, Clark CG (July 2004 ...
American Journal of Public Health and the Nations Health. 49 (11): 1486-1492. doi:10.2105/AJPH.49.11.1486. Percy, Dean H.; ... It is not known whether entry into the cytosol is obligatory for MPyV infection or whether the particle could enter the cell ... Even a single viral particle entering the nucleus can be sufficient for infection. New MPyV virions are assembled in the ... Genetic susceptibility to MPyV infection among mice varies significantly, and not all MPyV strains are oncogenic. In general, ...
Larson, E; Talbot, GH (August 1986). "An approach for selection of health care personnel handwashing agents". Infection control ... It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health ... "WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (19th List)" (PDF). World Health Organization. April 2015. Archived (PDF) from the ... CID 2723 from PubChem WHO Model Formulary 2008 (PDF). World Health Organization. 2009. p. 324. ISBN 9789241547659. Archived ( ...
"Factsheet for health professionals". Zika virus infection. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Archived from ... This led to the World Health Organization declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February 2016. The ... "IHR Procedures concerning public health emergencies of international concern (PHEIC)". World Health Organization. Archived from ... in GBS infection and that if the pattern was confirmed it would represent a global public health crisis. Research has been ...
Australian Measles Control Campaign
The Australian Measles Control Campaign was initiated in August 1998 as part of the World Health Organisation's global Measles ... Epidemiology and Infection. 127 (127 (2)): 297-303. doi:10.1017/s0950268801005830. PMC 2869749 . PMID 11693507. "National ... The campaign was promoted using the slogan "Let's Work Together to Beat Measles" Following the World Health Organization's ... the Federal Health Department began investigating the options for a measles eradication campaign in Australia. In 1996 and 1997 ...
Imperial College School of Medicine
Immunity and infection; Management; Neuroscience and mental health; Reproductive and developmental sciences; Respiratory ... In the third year students will choose specialist modules, each of which examines a global health problem, and a final year ... Christopher Addison (Ex Leader of the House of Lords, Ex Minister for Health) Charing Cross Hospital N.H. Ashton ( ... Imperial College School of Medicine is organised into six sections: Institute of Clinical Sciences, School of Public Health, ...
"Listeriosis (Listeria infection)". www.health.ny.gov. Retrieved 2015-11-16. "CDC - Sources - Listeriosis". www.cdc.gov. ... Invasive infection by L. monocytogenes causes the disease listeriosis. When the infection is not invasive, any illness as a ... "Sigma B Contributes to Listeria monocytogenes Gastrointestinal Infection but Not to Systemic Spread in the Guinea Pig Infection ... and from perinatal/neonatal infections greater than 80%. In infections during pregnancy, the mother usually survives. Reports ...
Filoviridae - Vicipaedia
Ebola and Marburg Viruses: A View of Infection Using Electron Microscopy. Columbi Ohii: Battelle Press. ISBN 978-1-57477-131-2. ... US Department of Health and Human Services. "Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL) 5th Edition" ... US Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "National Select ... US National Institutes of Health (NIH), US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). "Biodefense - NIAID ...
T细胞 - 维基百科，自由的百科全书
Mucosal associated invariant T cells and the immune response to infection. Microbes and Infection. August 2011, 13 (8-9): 742-8 ... Immunobiology: the immune system in health and disease 5th ed. New York: Garland Pub. 2001. ISBN 978-0-8153-3642-6. OCLC ... Infection and Immunity. 2007-05, 75 (5): 2171-2180. ISSN 0019-9567. PMC 1865739. PMID 17353286. doi:10.1128/IAI.01178-06.. ... Infection : microbiology and management 3rd ed. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Pub. 2006: 435. ISBN 978-1-4443-2393-1. OCLC 592756309 ...
Type 2 diabetes
"Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 91 (9): 671-682D. doi:10.2471/BLT.12.113415. PMC 3790213. PMID 24101783.. ... recurrent vaginal infections, and fatigue. Other symptoms may include loss of taste. Many people, however, have no ... "Health Technology Assessment. 13 (41): 1-190, 215-357, iii-iv. doi:10.3310/hta13410. hdl:10536/DRO/DU:30064294. PMID 19726018. ... The World Health Organization recommends testing those groups at high risk and in 2014 the USPSTF is considering a similar ...
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Dept. of Health and ... Treatments for severe diseases such as cancer and HIV infection have well-known, significant side-effects. Even low-risk ... National Health Service in England (NHS), UK Dept. of Health. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-03-11.. ... According to mental health journalist Scott Lilienfeld in 2002, "unvalidated or scientifically unsupported mental health ...
Templat:Infobox medical condition (new) bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Upper respiratory tract infection - 7 to 14 days. Kata. opsional. Causes. causes. Cause of the disease (if known). Try to ... Main health specialties involved with diagnosis and treatment of the disorder.. Contoh. Psychiatry, clinical psychology. Kata. ... Upper respiratory tract infection - "common cold", "bug", "snuffles". Kata. opsional. Image. image. Image file (just the ...
... several vaccines have been developed to protect against invasive infection. The World Health Organization recommends routine ... Infection. Main article: Pneumococcal infection. S. pneumoniae is part of the normal upper respiratory tract flora. As ... An experimental research". Bulletin of the National Board of Health. . *^ Pasteur, Louis (1881). "Sur une maladie nouvelle ... Historically, Haemophilus influenzae has been a significant cause of infection, and both H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae can be ...
Positron emission tomography
PET has been widely used to image bacterial infections clinically by using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) to identify the infection- ... "Department of Health. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.. *^ "MBS online". Australian Government Department of ... Three different PET contrast agents have been developed to image bacterial infections in vivo: [18F]maltose, [18F] ... Imaging infections with molecular imaging technologies can improve diagnosis and treatment follow-up. ...
Peters, C. J. (December 1998). Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting (PDF). ... Simpson DI (1977). Marburg and Ebola virus infections: a guide for their diagnosis, management, and control. World Health ... Health-care workers treating people with Ebola are at greatest risk of infection. The risk increases when they do not have ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization (1998). Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic ...
... rates of cranio-facial trauma and infection increased through time demonstrating that the civilisation collapsed amid illness ... epidemiology indicate that some individuals and communities at Harappa were excluded from access to basic resources like health ... "Infection, Disease, and Biosocial Processes at the End of the Indus Civilisation". PLoS ONE. 8 (12): e84814. Bibcode:2013PLoSO ...
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, Office on Women's Health. July 2009. ... Infections. The anaerobic bacterial species Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) contributes to the ... PubMed Health. Cologne: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. July 2016. Archived from the original on 6 ... U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.. *^ a b c Kaplan YC, Ozsarfati J, Etwel F, Nickel C, Nulman I, Koren G (November ...
... , also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a form of conjunctivitis and a type of neonatal infection ... "Conjunctivitis in Children , Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library". www.hopkinsmedicine.org. Retrieved 2016-11-11.. ... Topical therapy is not effective and also does not treat the infection of the nasopharynx. ... Single injection of ceftriaxone IM or IV should be given to infants born to mothers with untreated gonococcal infection. ...
Unisex public toilet
Urinary tract infections and incontinence are more common in females. Pregnancy, menstruation, breastfeeding, and diaper- ... Wikipedia's health care articles can be viewed offline with the Medical Wikipedia app. ... UNICEF (2012). Raising even more clean hands - Advancing health, learning and equity through WASH in schools. United Nations ... the Department of Health and Human Services governs regulations. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") has ...
Hepatitis E infection is normally an acute infection, suggesting the drug in combination with lymphoma may have weakened the ... World Health Organization. April 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 December 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.. ... Rituximab was approved for medical use in 1997. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the ... It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medications needed in a ...
Health in Nepal
... of the infections and the remaining more than one‐third (34%) of infections are in females, out of which around 92.2% are in ... The demand for health services is further lowered by the lack of health education. Reproductive health care is neglected, ... Rural health facilities often lack adequate funding. In 2003, Nepal had ten health centers, 83 hospitals, 700 health posts, and ... Nepal Health Profile World Health Organisation data (2010) "Health for all". My Republica. Archived from the original on 9 ...
"Health. BBC NEWS. 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2008-11-01.. *^ Hon KL, Lam MC, Wong KY, Leung TF, Ng PC (Nov 2007). "Pathophysiology ... The symptoms of infection are diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain. This protozoan was found to secrete serotonin ... Infections: HIV-AIDS, Measles, RSV, othersEdit. The role of SP in HIV-AIDS has been well-documented. Doses of aprepitant ... and infections such as HIV/AIDS and respiratory syncytial virus, as well as in cancer. When assayed in the human, ...
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Infection. Bone marrow transplantation usually requires that the recipient's own bone marrow be destroyed (myeloablation ... The risks of a complication depend on patient characteristics, health care providers and the apheresis procedure, and the ... This puts a patient at high risk of infections, sepsis and septic shock, despite prophylactic antibiotics. However, antiviral ... Infection and graft-versus-host disease are major complications of allogeneic HSCT. ...
Abortion - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"World Health Organization. June 2000. Retrieved 2007-12-24.. *↑ Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (2004) [2000 ... Complications of abortions can be infection, bleeding, pain. There may or may not be problems getting pregnant again; this is ... Abortion in young women and subsequent mental health. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006 Jan;47(1):16-24. PMID 16405636 PDF ... In Bangladesh, India and Kenya, however, more such women thought the pregnancy was a risk to their health. 1% of women in ...
... female genital infections and upper respiratory infections. Treatment with vancomycin and amphotericin B have been effective ... International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health. 1 (2): 97. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.97-100.. ... Kluyveromyces marxianus is not usually an agent of human disease, although infection in humans can occur in immunocompromised ...
Various health authorities, including Health Canada and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), consider kōji-kin (A. ... and were therefore especially susceptible to infections in general. Aside from these cases, there is no evidence to ... The Japanese Sake Association encourages people to drink chaser water for their health, and the water is called Yawaragi-mizu.[ ... the FDA and World Health Organization (WHO) also support the safety of A. oryzae for use in the production of foods like sake.[ ...
Internet of things
"Deloitte Centre for Health Solutions" (PDF). Deloitte.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j Ersue, M.; Romascanu, D.; Schoenwaelder, J.; ... Eventually the infections increased to around 200,000 to 300,000 infections. Brazil, Colombia and Vietnam made up of 41.5 ... World Health Organization. "mHealth. New horizons for health through mobile technologies" (PDF). World Health Organization. ... The connectivity enables health practitioners to capture patient's data and applying complex algorithms in health data analysis ...
Community health or public health is an aspect of health services concerned with threats to the overall health of a community ... in infection, uremia, diabetic ketoacidosis). Four actions are the basis of physical examination: inspection, palpation (feel ... Resource Mobilization in Sri Lanka's Health Sector - Rannan-Eliya, Ravi P. & De Mel, Nishan, Harvard School of Public Health & ... Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment ...
Genetically modified tomato
The fruits contained around half the amount of lycopene, reducing the health benefits of eating them. ... "Heterologous expression of taro cystatin protects transgenic tomato against Meloidogyne incognita infection by means of ... "Purple Tomatoes, Rich In Health-Protecting Anthocyanins, Developed With Help Of Snapdragons". Sciencedaily.com. 2008-10-27. ... you could alter the levels of other nutrients very important for health". More recently, scientists created blue tomatoes ...
General good health and nutrition also reduce ulcer risk. Adequate and prompt cleansing and treatment of ankle and leg skin ... and pyogenic infections. Males are more commonly infected than females. Tropical ulcer is seen throughout the tropics and ... is a chronic ulcerative skin lesion thought to be caused by polymicrobial infection with a variety of microorganisms, including ... There is now considerable evidence to suggest that this disease is an infection. Mycobacterium ulcerans has recently been ...
Millions of bats in the US have been dying off since 2012 due to a fungal infection spread from European bats, which appear to ... education and health, and 3) an unchallenged position on top of food webs. Humans remain Earth's only species to employ ... As well as habitat loss, introduced predators and pollution, Chytridiomycosis, a fungal infection accidentally spread by human ... Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans is a similar infection currently threatening salamanders. Amphibians are now the most ...
The degree of infection can be examined as major rim enhancement has occurred, located inferior to the hyoid bone. Soft tissue ... Retrieved from http://www.health.qld.gov.au *^ Ali M.; Abussa A.; Hashmi H. (2007). "Papillary thyrpid carcinoma formation in a ... With infections, there can be rare cases where an expression of fluid is projected into the pharynx causing other problems ... Infection can sometimes cause the transient appearance of a mass or enlargement of the cyst, at times with periodic recurrences ...
"Health Canada. 2015-04-23. Retrieved 2016-04-21.. *^ "Medical Device Regulation In Canada: A Primer" (PDF). Health Technology ... Recipients of this typically suffered infection at the entrance of the electrodes, which led to the subsequent trial of the ... "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Food and Drug Administration - Medical Devices. 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.. ... Canada, Health (2003-01-02). "Quality Systems ISO 13485 - Canada.ca". www.hc-sc.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 March 2018.. ...
HIV Infection - Chapter 4 - 2020 Yellow Book | Travelers' Health | CDC
Health Information for International Travel" (also called the "Yellow Book"). Provided by the U.S. ... HIV infection occurs worldwide. As of June 2017, an estimated 36.7 million people were living with HIV infection. Sub-Saharan ... As many as 90% of people will recall experiencing symptoms during the acute phase of HIV infection. Acute HIV infection can ... The risk of HIV infection for international travelers is generally low. Travelers risk of HIV exposure and infection is ...
check the pandemic travel health notice before travelling. *know the health risks and travel restrictions and requirements for ... follow public health guidance and prevention measures from your local health authority and your employer ... Funding for additional health care resources for Indigenous communities * Expanding and improving access to mental wellness ... monitor your health for COVID-19 symptoms. *wear a non-medical mask or face covering while in public settings if physical ...
Infection Control in Health Care Facilities | CDC
Health Professionalsplus icon *Health Care Workers Need A Flu Vaccine. *ACIP Recommendationsplus icon *2019-20 ACIP Background ... Influenza excerpt from the Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel Guideline *Preventing Infections in HCST/Bone Marrow ... Health Professional References & Resources plus icon *Responding to Problems with Purchasing Needles for Flu Vaccination ... Bradley SF, The Long-Term-Care Committee of the Society for health-care Epidemiology of America. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ...
kidney infection? - General Health - MedHelp
Could be a kidney infection, bladder infection, or a urinary track infection....or all three at once. I had all three infected ... it sounds like a water infection you need to go to the doctors for treatment before it gets worse and causes a bad infection in ... Sounds like kidney or urinary tract infection. Call doc, see if you bring in a urine sample. If it is an infection, only ... A simple urine test at the doctors will tell you whats up and if an infection should only take an antibiotic to clear up. ...
Kidney infection - General Health - MedHelp
I have a kidney infection. The first week my doctor gave me a shot of penicillan and a script of Cipro 500mg. The second week I ... Kidney infection. I have a kidney infection. The first week my doctor gave me a shot of penicillan and a script of Cipro 500mg ... I have a kidney infection. The first week my doctor gave me a shot of penicillan and a script of Cipro 500mg. The second week I ... It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, ...
Chikungunya Infection: a Global Public Health Menace | SpringerLink
Chikungunya virus infection of corneal grafts. J Infect Dis. 2012;206:851-9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Infection with chikungunya virus in Italy: an outbreak in a temperate region. Lancet Lond Engl. 2007;370:1840-6.CrossRefGoogle ... A pathogenic role of CD4+ T cells during Chikungunya virus infection in mice. J Immunol. 2013;190:259-69.CrossRefPubMedGoogle ... An essential role of antibodies in the control of Chikungunya virus infection. J Immunol. 2013;190:6295-302.CrossRefPubMed ...
Yeast Infection | Health Promotion | Brown University
Is a yeast infection dangerous?. Yeast infections can cause severe discomfort but rarely cause serious health problems. Left ... Can people with penises get yeast infections?. Yes, people with penises can contract a yeast infection if they have unprotected ... Yeast infections are the second most common type of vaginal infection people with vulvas experience (bacterial vaginosis is the ... If you have a strong suspicion that you have a yeast infection because of past experiences with yeast infections and there has ...
Department of Health | Infection Control Guidelines
Public Health Medicine Registrar. Communicable Disease Control Branch. SA Health. Top of page. Miss Michele Cullen. Infection ... Health Protection Department of Health, Victoria and. MDU Public Health Laboratory, Department of Microbiology and Immunology. ... All cases of suspect CJD should be reported immediately to the local Health Department:. ACT Health. Health Protection Service ... The Health Department may request advice from the National CJD Incident Panel on specific look-back and infection control ...
OrchidPestsandDiseasesbySueBottom | Infection | Public Health
Symptoms: The infections usually starts on the leaves. new leads or roots. The disease may spread rapidly to the rhizome and ... The infection often starts in the roots and may spread upward to the base of the pseudobulb or leaf. Pseudobulbs. Symptoms ( ... Symptoms: Infection shows first as a yellow spot on the underside of the leaf. Heavily infected leaves usually fall from the ... the infection will rapidly rot the leaves and roots and spread more slowly into the rhizomes or pseudobulbs. the disease ...
Infection Prevention Update: Coronavirus
National Jewish Health doctors and experts on respiratory illness and infectious diseases are actively monitoring the new ... Jane & Leonard Korman Respiratory Institute - Jefferson Health and National Jewish Health. *Saint Josephs Hospital, SCL Health ... All of the resources on this website have been reviewed and approved by National Jewish Health medical directors of infection ... National Jewish Health is committed to your safety and continued health during this challenging time. It is important that you ...
Child Health & Infection
Child Health and Infection. Contact. Matthew Thompson. Phone: (206) 616-8149. Email: [email protected] About. We have significant ... Novel diagnostics for infection: Development of new lateral flow assays for infections in primary care ... Health Technol Assess. 05 2016. *Neill S, Roland D, Thompson M, Bayes N, Mullins L, Lakhanpaul M. OC26 - Parents of young ... Acute infections are a huge component of the workload in Family Medicine, and we are completing several large cohort studies to ...
Public health and food infection - The Hindu
Public health and food infection April 16, 2020 00:05 IST Updated: April 15, 2020 22:09 IST ... www.thehindu.com/archives/public-health-and-food-infection/article31349632.ece ... At this difficult time, it becomes even more important that we have access to information that has a bearing on our health and ... The enormous increase in their number and the immense danger they may cause to public health demand an ever-vigilant watch to ...
Fungal nail infection and other health conditions
... are commonly seen among the elderly and those with certain chronic health conditions. This includes those with Diabetes, ... Fungal nail infection and other health conditions. News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Fungal-nail-infection-and ... Fungal nail infections and other fungal skin infections. Patients with other fungal skin infections like athletes foot etc. ... www.news-medical.net/health/Fungal-nail-infection-and-other-health-conditions.aspx. ...
Health 101: Ear Infections
When to call the doctor for ear infection? Will my child need antibiotics for ear infection? How can I prevent ear infection? ... What causes ear infection? What are the symptoms of ear infection? ... Health 101: Ear Infections. Suspect your kids got an ear infection? Read this to find out why and what to do. ... Ear infections are super common in kids: Nearly 75 percent of children will have at least one ear infection by age 3, according ...
Immune health and infection | WEHI
... fight and defeat infection, and to prevent and target immune and inflammatory disorders. ... Immune health and infection By studying the immune system and infectious diseases we aim to develop new strategies to prevent, ... Immune health and infection Immune health and infection. By studying the immune system and infectious diseases we aim to ... Diabetes is a serious health condition characterised by high blood glucose levels that is affecting more than 1.7 million ...
Infection Control: MedlinePlus
... lives are lost because of the spread of hospital infections. Read about the preventive steps you can take, such as proper ... Infection (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) * Infection Control in Dental Settings (Centers for Disease Control ... Hand Hygiene: Why, How, and When? (World Health Organization) - PDF * How Infections Spread (Centers for Disease Control and ... National Institutes of Health. The primary NIH organization for research on Infection Control is the National Institute of ...
Director Infection Prevention Job in San Antonio, TX - CHRISTUS Health
... to become part of CHRISTUS Health. On February 1, 1999, that dream became a reality and CHRISTUS Health was born. The Legacy In ... The goal of the new hospital was "to return to the people of our country the benefits in the form of health service dividends ... In July 1998, the two signed a letter of intent, calling for all assets of the Sisters of Charity Health Care System (SCH) and ... John Hospital into the quality health care facility it is today. The hospital opened to serve the needs of the community, ...
Tapeworm brain infection 'serious health concern' - ScienceBlog.com
Tapeworm infections of the brain, which can cause epileptic seizures, appear to be increasing in Mexico and bordering ... southwestern states, Loyola University Health System researchers report. ... Tapeworm infections of the brain, which can cause epileptic seizures, appear to be increasing in Mexico and bordering ... Other articles in the April issue of Neurological Research describe other neurological infections in Latin America, including ...
Infections - Aetna Better Health of Virginia (Medicaid)
Peru surpasses 200,000 coronavirus infections: health ministry
The death toll rose to 5,738 and the total number of infections climbed to 203,736, an increase ... ranking the South American country as the eighth-highest in the world by number of infections. ... Peru emerged as a global COVID-19 hotspot on Tuesday as the health ministry registered more than 200,000 cases, ... The death toll rose to 5,738 and the total number of infections climbed to 203,736, an increase of more than 4,000 cases from ...
Emerging Infections of International Public Health Importance
As a public health worker, I believe that effective public health measures to improve safety measures and control outbreaks are ... Emerging infections and trade related infections. According to the IOM, an emerging infectious disease is a newly recognized, ... West Nile Virus is a novel infection in this hemisphere, but it is an old infection from the other hemisphere. It was always ... This agent was not seen as an epidemic infection until large scale human infection occurred in a large, multi-state outbreak in ...
Campylobacter Infections (for Parents) - Main Line Health
These bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits ... Can Campylobacter Infections Be Prevented?. To avoid Campylobacter infection, use drinking water that has been tested and ... What Problems Can Campylobacter Infections Cause?. Diarrhea can lead to dehydration, so kids with an infection should be ... Who Gets Campylobacter Infections?. More than 2 million people get a Campylobacter infection each year, with babies younger ...
German Health Minister Says Bacterial Infections Dropping
The German health minister has said there are reasons to hope that a bacterial outbreak that killed at least 24 people may have ... German health authorities are still trying to determine the source of the infection, weeks after the outbreak began on May 2.. ... The German health minister has said there are reasons to hope that a bacterial outbreak that killed at least 24 people may have ... Daniel Bahr, speaking on German television on June 8 said that new cases of E.coli infections were still being registered every ...
Head Lice Infection - Ireland's Health Service
Head lice infection is common in the community; the peak age for infection is 7-8 years. When two heads are touching for a ... For questions about health services, your entitlements, or how to access HSE health or social services in your area? ... The infection can cause anxiety among parents, children and teachers. This sometimes leads to inappropriate actions for example ... Parents have the primary responsibility to identify and treat head lice infection in the family. However, parents need to be ...
Norovirus Infection | Denver Health
To reduce the risk of respiratory infection, Denver Health has introduced a NO VISITOR policy with limited exceptions. ... Often, this is enough to tell if you have the infection.. You dont need to find out which virus is causing your infection. ... Often, this is enough to tell if you have the infection.. You dont need to find out which virus is causing your infection. ... A norovirus infection will go away on its own. The infection is often brief and mild. ...
Norovirus Infection | Denver Health
Often, this is enough to tell if you have the infection.. You dont need to find out which virus is causing your infection. ... Often, this is enough to tell if you have the infection.. You dont need to find out which virus is causing your infection. ... A norovirus infection will go away on its own. The infection is often brief and mild. ... A norovirus infection will go away on its own. The infection is often brief and mild. ...
Could Infection Cause Mental Illness In Kids? : Shots - Health News : NPR
The risk is highest in the months immediately following the infection. ... A large study of Danish kids finds that childhood infections are linked with a higher risk of developing some mental illnesses ... Another way in which infections, or treatment for an infection, can influence mental health could be by changing the gut ... Could Infection Cause Mental Illness In Kids? : Shots - Health News A large study of Danish kids finds that childhood ...
Oklahoma State Department of Health - CDD Meningococcal Infection Page
Meningococcal Infection Fact Sheet ?En Espanol Meningococcal Disease Information Sheet for Physicians Chemoprophylaxis of ... A public health nurse will work with the family of the ill person to identify all family, friends, and contacts that need ... Meningococcal Infection Fact Sheet En Espanol. Meningococcal Prophylaxis Information Sheet for Physicians. Chemoprophylaxis of ... Septicemia is an infection of the blood with symptoms of fever, nausea, vomiting, and a rash. Meningitis is the inflammation of ...
Practical guidelines for infection control in health care facilities
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific. (2004). Practical guidelines for infection control in ... Infection control strategies for specific procedures in health-care facilities : a quick reference guide : epidemic-prone and ... Epidemic-prone and pandemic-prone acute respiratory diseases . summary guidance : Infection prevention & control in health-care ... health care facilities. Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/206946 ...
CarePreventionWomen's HealthUrinary tract infAcute2018CoronavirusRespiratory tract infPreventSTIsRisk of infectionHAIs2016Bacterial infectionsFungal nail infectionsSexuallySpread2020ImmuneBloodstream InfectionsSevereHospitalVaginalPreventingEmerging Infections ProgramPublic healthInfectiousUTIsTreatmentsRisksContentHealthcare and Infection Control GatewayImmunityPrevalenceUrineCandidaSkin infectionsDiabetesEustachian tubes
- Offerings include lead screenings for children ages 2 and under by St. Mary's Hospital, blood pressure screenings for seniors by Home Health Care Partners, Body Fat and BMI screenings for all by HealthLink, Montgomery County Sheriff's Office providing identification cards under the SAFE Child program, and special appearances by Fidelasaurus and Amsterdam Mohawk baseball team mascot MoJo at lunch time. (nysenate.gov)
- Preexposure prophylaxis (or PrEP) with tenofovir-emtricitabine is highly effective in preventing HIV infection and is recommended as a prevention option for adults at substantial risk of HIV acquisition (see www.cdc.gov/hiv/risk/prep ). (cdc.gov)
- This document provides recommendations for infection prevention and control procedures to minimise the risk of transmission of Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease (CJD) in health care settings. (health.gov.au)
- Infection prevention and control issues regarding patients with suspected or confirmed vCJD will be made available on the Department of Health and Ageing website once vCJD is reported in Australia. (health.gov.au)
- The Communicable Diseases Network Australia (CDNA) published guidelines for infection control for classical CJD in 2007, as a revised supplementary chapter (31) of the Infection Control Guidelines for the Prevention of Transmission of Infectious Diseases in the Health Care Setting, 2004 edition. (health.gov.au)
- These guidelines have now been replaced by the NHMRC Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare (2010), which do not include extensive advice on CJD, but instead refer to the CDNA guidelines as the definitive Australian advice on this topic. (health.gov.au)
- Our mission is to provide specialized expertise in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infections in cancer patients through high quality clinical consultation, infection control and research programs. (mdanderson.org)
- Haffner is the infection control nurse manager at University Health Service, and the person responsible for infection control and prevention. (umn.edu)
- The new infection prevention and control requirement focuses on the use of infection control practices and patient/caregiver education and teaching. (prnewswire.com)
- Home health agencies must maintain and document an infection prevention and control program with the goal of prevention and control of infections and communicable diseases. (prnewswire.com)
- It is important to note that all aspects of the Infection Prevention and Control CoP are current standards of practice - from teaching patients and caregivers about proper prevention practices and monitoring infection disease occurrences within a HHA's population to cooperating with other providers and federal/state/local regulatory agencies during disease outbreaks. (prnewswire.com)
- The infection control program must include a method for identifying infectious and communicable disease problems, and plan for appropriate actions that are expected to result in improvement and disease prevention. (prnewswire.com)
- Federal and state agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state departments of health, as well as accreditation organizations and national professional organizations such as the American Association for Professionals in Infection Control (APIC) have all developed infection prevention and control standards of practice, which can be used by home health agencies in creation of their programs. (prnewswire.com)
- Note that CMS expects a home health agency to be able to identify the source of the standards it selects, and to explain why those standards were chosen for incorporation in the infection prevention and control program. (prnewswire.com)
- Review client and caregiver education materials to ensure that they reflect current standards and that they are consistent with the scope of the agency's infection prevention and control program. (prnewswire.com)
- Implement infection prevention and control documentation processes in a manner that suits the workflow of the agency, and successfully demonstrate upon survey that this requirement was met. (prnewswire.com)
- Incorporate infection prevention and control monitoring into the agency's QAPI Program, including the development of PIPs as needed to address areas in need of improvement. (prnewswire.com)
- This is the fifth in a six-part MyHealthNewsDaily series examining the problems and solutions related to six "winnable battles" in public health, as recently announced by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (livescience.com)
- Patients are probably our best surveillance tool," said the APIC's Olmsted, who is also an epidemiologist in infection prevention and control services at the St. Joseph Mercy Health System in Ann Arbor, Mich. (livescience.com)
- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) in 1995 to develop centers of excellence in infectious disease surveillance and applied public health research in selected state health departments across the United States. (oregon.gov)
- These surveillance data are used to generate reliable estimates of the incidence of these infections and provide the starting point for further exploration of risk factors, spectrum of disease, and better strategies for prevention and control. (oregon.gov)
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the government organization that keeps tabs on listeria-related infections, and its most recent nationwide data come from 2016. (everydayhealth.com)
- Understanding that even treated HSV-2 infections provide a cellular environment conducive to HIV infection suggests new directions for HIV prevention research, including more powerful anti-HSV therapies and ideally an HSV-2 vaccine," says NIAID Director Dr. Anthony S. Fauci. (nih.gov)
- For more information about testing and treatment after a job-related exposure to HIV, contact the CDC National Prevention Information Network at 1-800-458-5231 or National Institutes of Health (NIH) AIDSinfo at 1-800-HIV-0440 (1-800-448-0440). (healthwise.net)
- The CDC authors state: "pneumonia is the most common infection causing sepsis, and vaccination is an important and highly effective prevention strategy. (harvard.edu)
- The purpose of the gateway is to provide information on controlling and responding to infectious disease outbreaks in healthcare settings to assist state and territorial health departments in prevention of high consequence infectious disease outbreaks in healthcare settings. (astho.org)
- The Infection Prevention department at UCD is a dynamic and fast paced department. (campuscareercenter.com)
- Acts as an educator and mentor to support best practices related to infection prevention. (campuscareercenter.com)
- Experienced in performing surveillance and applying NHSN criteria - Minimum 3 years experience in Infection Prevention and Hospital Epidemiolgy. (campuscareercenter.com)
- Because HAIs are identified as infections that arise specifically within health care settings, the continued prevalence of HAIs indicates a need for a better understanding of how aspects of the built environment relate to the transmission of infection, and what design, construction and operational modifications can be made in the health care built environment to support HAI prevention. (hfmmagazine.com)
- Interviews and case studies are shared to illustrate actual infection prevention-related successes and challenges presented by the built environment. (hfmmagazine.com)
- Guide explores five areas design, construction and engineering professionals can focus on to improve infection prevention. (hfmmagazine.com)
- The tools, developed with the help of APIC, help to assess infection-prevention strategies. (hfmmagazine.com)
- The Environmental Services & Infection Prevention software used in over 950 hospitals. (hfmmagazine.com)
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now advises that all pregnant women in the continental United States and U.S. territories be evaluated for Zika infection at each prenatal care visit. (childrensnational.org)
Urinary tract inf4
- Acute HIV infection can present as an infectious mononucleosis-like or influenzalike syndrome, but the clinical features are highly variable. (cdc.gov)
- Acute infections are a huge component of the workload in Family Medicine, and we are completing several large cohort studies to improve diagnosis and risk stratification of children and adults with respiratory infections, trials of corticosteroids for acute cough and sore throat, and new point of care tests to help guide antibiotic use. (washington.edu)
- Development and internal validation of a clinical rule to improve antibiotic use in children presenting to primary care with acute respiratory tract infection and cough: a prognostic cohort study. (washington.edu)
- Most sore throats and acute respiratory infections, and many earaches, are also caused by viruses. (spiritualityhealth.com)
- An acute ear infection starts over a short period and is painful. (sutterhealth.org)
- Getting water in the ears will not cause an acute ear infection, unless the eardrum has a hole in it. (sutterhealth.org)
- Many infants and children with an acute ear infection have a fever or trouble sleeping. (sutterhealth.org)
- All acute ear infections involve fluid behind the eardrum. (sutterhealth.org)
- The outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, or CRE, is not a danger to the public, said Dr. Benjamin Schwartz, deputy chief of the acute communicable disease control program at the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. (msnbc.com)
- The risk of infection, however, was similar for the 2 transfusion strategies in patients with cardiac diseases, who were critically ill, had acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding, or for infants with low birth weight. (nih.gov)
- Report to the patient's local health department electronically, through the Wisconsin Electronic Disease Surveillance System (WEDSS), by mail or fax using an Acute and Communicable Disease case report, F-44151 (Word) or by other means within 72 hours upon recognition of a case. (wisconsin.gov)
- There are two types of infections of the lungs: chronic and acute. (orlandohealth.com)
- Infection preventionist perform a wide range of duties including active and passive surveillance for the purposes of identifying and reporting Hospital acquired infections, providing expert consultation to healthcare personnel within the system including the acute care hospital as well as numerous outpatient departments and primary care clinics and ensuring regulatory readiness. (campuscareercenter.com)
- As one in every 25 hospitalized patients in the United States is diagnosed with an HAI, it is critical to understand the long-lasting impact of such infections, not just from a physical perspective, but also from a social and emotional perspective,' said 2018 APIC President Janet Haas, PhD, RN, CIC, FSHEA, FAPIC. (news-medical.net)
Respiratory tract inf1
- however, treating a patient and any partners may help prevent recurrent yeast infections. (brown.edu)
- While the treatment is underway, a latex barrier during sex may prevent passing the infection to a partner. (brown.edu)
- By studying the immune system and infectious diseases we aim to develop new strategies to prevent, fight and defeat infection, and to prevent and target immune and inflammatory disorders. (edu.au)
- Health care workers can take steps to prevent the spread of infectious diseases . (medlineplus.gov)
- Proper hand washing is the most effective way to prevent the spread of infections in hospitals. (medlineplus.gov)
- There are no antiviral medicines or vaccines used to fight or prevent this infection. (denverhealth.org)
- Although the likelihood of secondary cases is extremely low, the severity of the disease warrants quick public health action to prevent disease. (ok.gov)
- Nurses who care for patients in their homes need to teach patients and their families how to prevent infections, and nurses need to make sure that they tailor this education to a level that's easy for people without formal medical training to understand. (medindia.net)
- Meaning, oregano oil should be taken to promote gastrointestinal health and to prevent deadly food poisoning. (spiritualityhealth.com)
- The Clostridium difficile initiative works to assess, identify gaps, and prevent transmission of C. difficile infection (CDI) across different healthcare settings. (oregon.gov)
- Our department provides expert clinical consultations to prevent, diagnose, and treat infections in both adult and pediatric cancer patients. (mdanderson.org)
- A high dietary intake of dark berries have been shown to significantly benefit eye health and even prevent the progression of cataract formation. (irishexaminer.com)
- The Public Health Agency of Canada is issuing this public health notice to inform Canadians of the investigation findings to date and to share important safe food handling practices to help prevent further Salmonella infections. (newswire.ca)
- The agency must follow accepted standards of practice, including the use of standard precautions, to prevent the transmission of infections and communicable diseases. (prnewswire.com)
- This year, federal health officials set a goal to reduce bloodstream infections which are the easiest to prevent by 50 percent in the next five years. (livescience.com)
- By and large," he said, "for most sites of infection, we have the scientific evidence and information that says we can prevent a high proportion of these. (livescience.com)
- This may help to prevent a yeast infection. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
- Getting immunized and treated right after birth can prevent infection in the baby. (epnet.com)
- How can I prevent a Vibrio vulnificus infection? (kingcounty.gov)
- How can you prevent getting or spreading this infection? (wellspan.org)
- Health care workers who are at risk for HIV because of an accidental needle stick or other exposure to body fluids should get medicine to prevent infection. (healthwise.net)
- HIV is one such congenital infection but it is extremely difficult to prevent a newborn getting this virus even if a c-section is performed. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
- Appropriate vaccination can prevent the worst infections from starting in the first place. (harvard.edu)
- Using the Health Care Physical Environment to Prevent and Control Infection: A Best Practice Guide to Help Health Care Organizations Create Safe, Healing Environments" contains best practices, case studies, resources and information based on key research. (hfmmagazine.com)
- Many patients with HAIs reported changing their personal hygiene behavior, taking precautions to prevent the transmission of infection, including undergoing extensive cleaning at home and advising family members on hygiene measures. (news-medical.net)
- Besides wanting to keep patients healthy, hospitals have a monetary incentive to prevent these infections. (thetimes-tribune.com)
- Individuals who have meningococcal infection will be asked for a list of their contacts who will be offered a special antibiotic to prevent them from becoming ill. (gov.mb.ca)
- Jaundice can be a serious health risk if not treated and it is essential to make changes to the diet for tissue regeneration and to prevent further liver damage. (medindia.net)
- Not only will this system teach you the only way to prevent your Yeast Infection from being formed, you will also learn the only way to really cure Yeast Infection for good - the holistic way. (sooperarticles.com)
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are diseases that are commonly spread by sexual activity. (virginia.gov)
- If left untreated, some STIs can cause serious health problems such as infertility or even death (HIV/AIDs). (virginia.gov)
- Using a condom to protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is important for everyone's health, but it's especially important if you're living with HIV. (avert.org)
- Testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are both available at Health Services. (umn.edu)
- STIs are a group of infections spread usually through sexual activity. (umn.edu)
- In order to provide you with a comprehensive screening for STIs, a Health Services medical provider will meet with you to discuss your concerns and risks. (umn.edu)
- Some STIs can cause long-term health issues if left untreated, especially for women. (umn.edu)
Risk of infection8
- However, when patients receive blood from a donor, their immune system may react to substances found in the stored donor blood, placing them at greater risk of infection from other sources. (nih.gov)
- In patients who underwent hip or knee surgery, or who already had sepsis, a restrictive transfusion strategy reduced the risk of infection by 30% or more. (nih.gov)
- But staying isolated isn't an option for some workers, and it's putting them at a much higher risk of infection. (consumeraffairs.com)
- Researchers found that those who had a high amount of direct contact with multiple COVID-19 patients -- such as nurses -- were at the highest risk of infection. (consumeraffairs.com)
- The risk of infection if you ate or handled fish from this location and have no illness after seven days is low. (kingcounty.gov)
- In tourist-infested places, the risk of infection increases due to the following reasons. (indiatimes.com)
- Should a reactivation happen during the process of childbirth, which is extremely likely, the child will definitely be at risk of infection. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
- There was a direct correlation between the risk of infection of people at other tables and how close they were to the sick woman. (wikipedia.org)
- Nobody wants to get sicker in a hospital than they were at home, but that's the reality for 1.7 million Americans every year, who develop health-care-associated infections (HAIs). (livescience.com)
- ASTHO is working with HHS, CDC, and the Keystone Center to determine the role of state health officials in decreasing and preventing HAIs, specifically addressing priorities, challenges, and solutions at the state and regional level. (astho.org)
- Although numerous improvement efforts are ongoing, the prevalence of health care-associated infections (HAIs) remains a significant risk and cost within health care environments around the world. (hfmmagazine.com)
- This document outlines ways that health care organizations can use the physical environment to reduce HAIs. (hfmmagazine.com)
- The consequences of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) reach well beyond patients' physical health, souring social relationships, and leading some healthcare providers (HCP) to distance themselves from affected patients, according to a qualitative, systematic review published in the American Journal of Infection Control ( AJIC ), the journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). (news-medical.net)
Fungal nail infections11
- Fungal nail infections, or onychomycosis, are commonly seen among the elderly and those with certain chronic health conditions. (news-medical.net)
- This is the single most common cause of increased risk of fungal nail infections. (news-medical.net)
- Fungal nail infections accounts for up to half of all nail disease occurrences among diabetics. (news-medical.net)
- Diabetics are 2.8 times more likely than non-diabetics to get fungal nail infections. (news-medical.net)
- Fungal nail infections lead to pain, nail pressure, shoe and walking discomfort and embarrassment. (news-medical.net)
- The risk of fungal nail infections and ulcerations in diabetics is due to three pathological features. (news-medical.net)
- People with immunity suppression like those with HIV infection and AIDS are at risk of fungal nail infections. (news-medical.net)
- Those with rheumatoid arthritis are also at a raised risk of fungal nail infections due to altered immune system. (news-medical.net)
- Patients with other fungal skin infections like athlete's foot etc. are at a raised risk of fungal nail infections. (news-medical.net)
- These skin infections tend to recur and persistence of the fungal spores raise risk of fungal nail infections. (news-medical.net)
- As far as natural topical remedies go, I have found that neat essential oils are the most effective in countering fungal nail infections. (irishexaminer.com)
- Our sexually transmitted infection program offers confidential counseling, diagnosis, and treatment for sexually transmitted infections. (virginia.gov)
- Cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the most common sexually transmitted infection. (avert.org)
- Culture-The doctor will gently wipe your genitals to see if group B strep or a sexually transmitted infection (STI) is there. (epnet.com)
- Genital herpes, caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. (nih.gov)
- Other sexually transmitted infections may create a similar cellular environment favorable to HIV infection, potentially explaining why sexually transmitted infections are general risk factors for HIV. (nih.gov)
- Every year, lives are lost because of the spread of infections in hospitals. (medlineplus.gov)
- Since most infections spread through bodily discharge that contaminates the pool water, avoiding swimming till you are in the pink of health would help you and others stay that way. (hindustantimes.com)
- The infection can then spread from person to person through infected feces. (rochester.edu)
- Respiratory infections are spread when someone with the virus coughs or sneezes on another person. (rochester.edu)
- A yeast infection is not spread through sexual contact. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
- These results suggest that HSV-2 lesions create an ideal scenario for the rapid spread of HIV infection. (nih.gov)
- Meanwhile, questions are being raised at Goyal Hospital, which had denied the spread of the infection in its ICU and had failed to disclose information on the patients who had contracted the virus infection two days ago. (hindustantimes.com)
- The baseline data reported here have helped us to monitor the spread of infection and examine risk factors for transmission among health care workers and others," said Daniel Horton, lead co-author of the study. (consumeraffairs.com)
- When they spread to patients who are weak because of illness, surgery, or treatment, they can cause very serious infections. (wellspan.org)
- But all pseudomonas infections can make you very sick if they spread through the bloodstream (septicemia). (wellspan.org)
- In one incident, a person who vomited spread infection across a restaurant, suggesting that many unexplained cases of food poisoning may have their source in vomit. (wikipedia.org)
- Prolonged antibiotic use can cause a yeast infection in the penis and people with diabetes or immune compromising conditions such as HIV are more susceptible to yeast infections. (brown.edu)
- Treatment of cancer with chemotherapy and radiation therapy also reduces the immune functions and leads to a raised risk of fungal nail, hair and skin infections. (news-medical.net)
- Children under 3 are more susceptible to ear infections than older kids or adults because their immune systems are still developing (so they get sick more often) and their eustachian tubes are still growing, says John McClay, MD, a pediatric otolaryngologist at Children's Medical Center Dallas in Texas. (parents.com)
- Additionally, the location and size of children's adenoids -- infection-fighting immune system cells in the back of the throat -- make toddlers especially prone to ear infections. (parents.com)
- A sign that her immune system is at work fighting off infection, your child's temperature may range from 99 F. to 104 F., taken rectally. (parents.com)
- With the global threat of new infectious agents, drug resistance and an increase in immune disorders, our work to address the challenges of infection and immunity is more relevant than ever. (edu.au)
- Our researchers are revealing why tuberculosis persists in the body, and how the immune system can be triggered to eliminate the infection. (edu.au)
- The findings support the idea that infections affect mental health, possibly by influencing the immune system. (npr.org)
- That's also another finding that made us more confident that there is some link between infections, or the immune system and mental disorders," he says. (npr.org)
- A. When a fungal infection takes hold like this, it is typically a sign your immune system is struggling to do its job effectively. (irishexaminer.com)
- Anyone can become sick with a Salmonella infection, but infants, children, seniors and those with weakened immune systems are at higher risk of serious illness because their immune systems are fragile. (newswire.ca)
- You will receive insight into the molecular and cellular basis of the immune system, how it normally protects from infection, and the pathological consequences of inappropriate responses. (prospects.ac.uk)
- This can then be combined with modules from other aspects of global health, allowing you to better understand how major human disease and the immune reaction to them fits within the current global health challenges we face. (prospects.ac.uk)
- The Global Health, Infection and Immunity MSc is designed for students interested in immunology, especially the role of the immune system in protection against infection. (sgul.ac.uk)
- If your HIV treatment isn't working, your immune system will get weaker and you may be at risk of opportunistic infections. (avert.org)
- However, these infections can be so severe for a new born, who has no immune system, that it can cause problems like rashes, retardation, blindness, and even autism. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
- Whenever they do reactivate, after the first infection, they tend to be asymptomatic infections that are dealt with by the immune system. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
- All of the above can give you an upset stomach and can cause any of these infections: Gastroenteritis consisting of vomiting, severe pain in abdomen, diarrhoea, and further aggravated conditions like typhoid and jaundice. (indiatimes.com)
- Signs of advanced severe infection are those of anemia and protein deficiency, including emaciation, cardiac failure and abdominal distension with ascites. (wikipedia.org)
- Sometimes active, busy kids will complain more about pain when things quiet down at the end of the day or when it's time for sleep,' says Mona Mansour, MD, director of the Primary and School Health Division of General and Community Pediatrics at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in Ohio. (parents.com)
- For all mental illnesses - excluding depression and bipolar disorder - the team found that being hospitalized for an infection was associated with a 84 percent higher risk of subsequently being diagnosed with a mental health disorder at a hospital and a 42 percent increased risk of being prescribed a medication for mental illness. (npr.org)
- Less serious infections, treated in an outpatient setting with an antibiotic, antiviral, antifungal or antiparasitic medications were associated with a 40 percent greater risk of getting a mental illness diagnosis in a hospital and a 22 percent higher risk of getting a prescription. (npr.org)
- Our department is also instrumental in developing institution pathways for the management of infections in various treatment settings (hospital, emergency center, outpatient, home therapy), and for making institutional and national guidelines for appropriate antibiotic usage. (mdanderson.org)
- The risk of serious hospital-associated infections was about 17% when liberal transfusion strategies were used but only 12% with restrictive transfusion strategies. (nih.gov)
- Pronovost is also pushing for more aggressive reporting standards and hospital culture changes to improve how employees handle infections. (livescience.com)
- Finally, staff at the private King Edward VII Hospital in London must have breathed a sigh of relief after Prince Philip checked out three days after being admitted with a chest infection. (hsj.co.uk)
- People in the hospital may get this infection. (wellspan.org)
- This position is responsible for: Coordinates the multiple facets of the Infection Control Program at the Nemours, AI duPont Hospital for Children and all Delaware Valley locations. (healthecareers.com)
- 1. Responsible for the development and implementation of a Hospital and Practice Infection Control Program. (healthecareers.com)
- 2. Co-Chair of the Hospital Infection Control Committee. (healthecareers.com)
- It prevented an estimated 135 infections, saving almost $4 million, the Joint Commission hospital regulating group and the American College of Surgeons announced Wednesday. (thetimes-tribune.com)
- Hospital stays for patients who got infections dropped from an average of 15 days to 13 days, which helped cut costs. (thetimes-tribune.com)
- To diagnose a yeast infection in a someone with a vulva, the medical provider will perform a vaginal exam. (brown.edu)
- Vaginal yeast infection is an infection of the vagina. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
- Most women have a vaginal yeast infection at some time. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
- Having many vaginal yeast infections may be a sign of other health problems. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
- Other vaginal infections and discharges can be mistaken for a vaginal yeast infection. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
- Medicines to treat vaginal yeast infections are available as creams, ointments, vaginal tablets or suppositories and oral tablets. (floridahealthfinder.gov)
- The good news is, most natural treatments for either infection (I like to just call it an imbalance of the vaginal flora) are usually the same. (florahealth.com)
- A yeast infection is an infection that attacks the vaginal area in women and the penal area in men. (sooperarticles.com)
- The positive results of early studies on the antioxidant led many to take it in hopes of preventing or slowing everything from respiratory infections to macular degeneration. (harvard.edu)
- There are no home remedies that are useful or completely effective in preventing such infections. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
- CHICAGO - Preventing surgery-linked infections is a major concern for hospitals and it turns out some simple measures can make a big difference. (thetimes-tribune.com)
Emerging Infections Program2
- To see all Oregon Emerging Infections Program special studies, go to EIP special studies . (oregon.gov)
- The CDC partnered with the New York State Department of Health and Emerging Infections Program to examine the records of 246 adults and 79 children diagnosed with sepsis to see what factors contributed, and how it could have been prevented. (harvard.edu)
- The information border officials collect helps the Public Health Agency of Canada with its compliance and enforcement efforts . (canada.ca)
- Use this mobile app to speed up your arrival process in Canada and spend less time with border and public health officers. (canada.ca)
- On the left are factors of emergence that were highlighted in the 1992 report: microbial adaptation and change, human demographics and behavior (e.g. crowding and urbanization) the breakdown of public health (a general phenomenon throughout the late 1970s and early 1980s), technology and industry, international travel and commerce, and economic development and land use. (washington.edu)
- These include: human susceptibility to infection (which has changed with the HIV pandemic and the aging of the human population), climate and weather, changing ecosystems, poverty and social inequality, war and famine (which is increasing), lack of political will (which ties in with the breakdown of public health), and the intent to harm (bioterrorism). (washington.edu)
- This document is a compilation of resources from the California Department of Public Health and other public health sources that may be relevant to mitigating COVID-19 infection in behavioral health facilities, such as inpatient and outpatient mental health and substance use disorder treatment facilities (BHF). (ca.gov)
- DHCS recommends that all facilities follow the directives of their local public health departments and continue to review updates to CDPH's COVID-19 website and Cal/OSHA (PDF) regulations because information about COVID-19 is evolving with time. (ca.gov)
- This outbreak is not a threat to public health," he said. (msnbc.com)
- This public health notice will be updated on a regular basis as the investigation evolves. (newswire.ca)
- It is possible that more recent illnesses may be reported in the outbreak because there is a period of time between when a person becomes ill and when the illness is reported to public health officials. (newswire.ca)
- The governor's office contacted Nir Menachemi , who chairs the health policy and management department at Indiana University's Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health. (npr.org)
- Other highly visible public health crises including obesity and swine flu have allowed this problem to fly under the radar for five years, officials say. (livescience.com)
- The cornerstone of all EIP programs is an emphasis on active population-based surveillance for infections of public health importance. (oregon.gov)
- FoodNet is an active laboratory and population-based surveillance system to monitor the incidence of foodborne diseases of local and national public health importance. (oregon.gov)
- Public Health - Seattle & King County is testing samples of the fish and fish tanks at the Asian Food Center. (kingcounty.gov)
- Public Health - Seattle & King County is working with the Washington State Department of Health and with the regulatory authorities at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to gather information about the distributors of any contaminated product. (kingcounty.gov)
- Updated U.S. Public Health Services guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. (healthwise.net)
- The Healthcare and Infection Control Gateway serves as a hub for information, resources, and materials from federal agencies, state and territorial public health agencies, and ASTHO. (astho.org)
- Mosquito-borne illnesses are a major public health concern. (health.mil)
- Confirmatory testing may be done for public health purposes. (wikipedia.org)
- Oregon Grape Tea is used to flush out a urinary tract infections and can be used in dried capsules or a liquid tincture to treat digestive disorders like infectious diarrhea. (spiritualityhealth.com)
- This page provides guidance to state health agencies on controlling and responding to infectious disease risks in healthcare settings. (astho.org)
- Their work was funded by NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). (nih.gov)
- Sets the goals, objectives and strategic direction for the Infection Control Department in collaboration with the Infectious Diseases Medical Practice. (healthecareers.com)
- In mid-May, Children's National Health System Fetal Medicine Institute and Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease announced the formation of a Congenital Zika Virus Program to serve as a dedicated resource for referring clinicians and for pregnant women to receive counseling and science-driven answers about the impact of the Zika virus on pregnancies and newborns. (childrensnational.org)
- While we're hopeful there are few local cases, the Congenital Zika Virus Program has been developing emergency response plans in collaboration with local departments of health to prepare for any eventuality," says Roberta DeBiasi, MD, MS , Chief of the Division of Infectious Disease and Congenital Zika Virus Program co-leader. (childrensnational.org)
- Detailed information on specific treatments is available from the Department of Health and Human Services AIDSinfo ( www.aidsinfo.nih.gov ). (cdc.gov)
- In fact, recent studies found that many people with vulvas misdiagnose their own yeast infections and use one of the over-the-counter treatments when no yeast infection is actually present. (brown.edu)
- If you have a strong suspicion that you have a yeast infection because of past experiences with yeast infections and there has been no change in your sexual history (no new partner, no unprotected genital contact), you may elect to try one of the over-the-counter yeast treatments first. (brown.edu)
- You can browse our articles and read up on the various yeast infection treatments on the market, and even cross-reference brand names to be sure you're getting the best possible deal! (netfit.co.uk)
- 1. Cure Yeast Infection without drugs or typical Yeast Infection treatments. (sooperarticles.com)
- Drugs, creams and typical Yeast Infection treatments sometimes work in a partial way and temporarily and the side effects are nasty. (sooperarticles.com)
- Screening healthy men for signs of prostate cancer using the PSA blood test is controversial - it's still unclear whether the potential benefits of identifying cancer early outweigh the risks of treating many cases of cancer that would never threaten a man's health. (wsj.com)
- Whether you are heading to a hill station, coastal area, or anywhere else, all recreational spots are accompanied with risks and chances of picking a food-borne infection. (indiatimes.com)
- Discuss with your doctor the possible risks of infection with the hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus. (healthwise.net)
Healthcare and Infection Control Gateway1
- A simple urine test at the doctors will tell you whats up and if an infection should only take an antibiotic to clear up. (medhelp.org)
- Infections can also be averted by keeping the catheter secure, keeping the urine bag lower than the bladder, emptying the urine bag into a clean container, and keeping the tube unobstructed. (medindia.net)
- As the nation braces for the possible expansion of Zika virus infection to other states, Children's National is facilitating the multi-step process of testing blood, urine, and tissue with state health departments, helping to ensure timely and precise information. (childrensnational.org)