Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Hand Hygiene: Practices involved in preventing the transmission of diseases by hand.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Hand Disinfection: The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Soaps: Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Feminine Hygiene Products: Personal care items for women.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Toilet Facilities: Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.Gloves, Protective: Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Great BritainFamily Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Fairs: Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)IndiaHealth Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.BrazilUnited States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Prepaid Health Plans: Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.Colonialism: The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.New York CityState Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Mouth DiseasesHealth Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Article 56: Hygiene and public health. Article 56 describes the medical obligations the occupying power has in the ... 3.2.4 Article 56: Hygiene and public health. *3.2.5 Article 78: Security measures. Internment and assigned residence. Right of ... In adopting measures of health and hygiene and in their implementation, the Occupying Power shall take into consideration the ... public health and hygiene in the occupied territory, with particular reference to the adoption and application of the ...
Health & Hygiene Defence Terrain Research Laboratory (DTRL) Delhi Terrain Research Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) ... DRDO has also assisted private industry in developing EW trainers, ship simulators for training and health monitoring systems ...
Disinfection RA771-771.7 Rural health and hygiene. Rural health services RA773-788 Personal health and hygiene Including ... Medical sociology RA421-790.95 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive medicine RA428-428.5 Public health laboratories, institutes, ... Stirpiculture RJ101-103 Child health. Child health services RJ125-145 Physiology of children and adolescents RJ206-235 ... health RA645.3-645.37 Home health care services RA645.5-645.9 Emergency medical services RA646-648.3 War and public health ...
"Hygiene". World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved 18 May 2017. "The Five Keys to Safer Food Programme". World Health ... Hygiene is a set of practices to avoid infection or food spoilage by eliminating microorganisms from the surroundings. As ... "Health and Nutritional Properties of Probiotics in Food including Powder Milk with Live Lactic Acid Bacteria" (PDF). Report of ... Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes ...
US Department of Health Education and Welfare (1964). "Smoking and health: report of the advisory committee to the Surgeon ... Annals of Occupational Hygiene. 37 (1): 5-14. doi:10.1093/annhyg/37.1.5. PMID 8460878.. ... "Reviews on Environmental Health. 23 (1): 1-37. doi:10.1515/REVEH.2008.23.1.1. PMC 2791455 . PMID 18557596.. ... "Frontiers in Public Health. 1 (42). doi:10.3389/fpubh.2013.00042. PMC 3859982 . PMID 24350211.. ...
KB3075-3096.5 - Public health. KB3098-3121.7 - Medical legislation. KB3122 - Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Veterinary public ... KBP3075-3096.5 - Public health. KBP3098-3121.5 - Medical legislation. KBP3122 - Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Veterinary ... Veterinary medicine and hygiene. Prevention of cruelty to animals. K3625-3649 - Food. Drugs. Cosmetics. K3651-3654 - Alcohol. ... KBM3075-3097 - Public health. KBM3098-3122 - Medical legislation. KBM3124-3125 - Birth control. Family planning. KBM3127-3134 ...
"Hygiene". World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved 18 May 2017.. *^ "The Five Keys to Safer Food Programme". World Health ... Hygiene. Main articles: Hygiene and Food microbiology. Hygiene is a set of practices to avoid infection or food spoilage ... Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Evaluation of Health and Nutritional Properties of Probiotics in Food ... Human health. Human gut flora. Further information: Human microbiota and Human Microbiome Project ...
Bennet, Barbara (November 2007). "All about hand instruments". Dimensions of Dental Hygiene. 5 (11): 20-23. ISSN 1542-7838 - ... Wolters Kluwer Health Adis. ISBN 9781496345530.. ... Journal of Dental Hygiene. 3 (82): 4-9. ISSN 1043-254X - via ... Dimensions of Dental Hygiene. 6 (11): 22-26. ISSN 1542-7838 - via CINAHL Plus with Full Text.. ...
World Health Organization. July 2014. *^ Straif, K; Benbrahim-Tallaa, L; Baan, R; Grosse, Y; Secretan, B; El Ghissassi, F; ... Dement, JM; Brown, DP (1982). "Occupational exposure to talc containing asbestos". American Industrial Hygiene Association ... See also: Health effects arising from the September 11 attacks. As New York City's World Trade Center collapsed following the ... George B. Guthrie and Brooke T. Mossman, editors, Health Effects of Mineral Dusts, Mineralogical Society of America Reviews in ...
4.Hygiene. Health. 5.Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice (PDF). World Health Organization, UNICEF, USAID. 2015. ISBN 978 92 4 156510 ... WHO and UNICEF (2017) Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and SDG Baselines. Geneva: World Health ... Lack of access to sanitation (toilets) has an impact on public health, dignity, and safety. The spread of many diseases (e.g. ... Access to a safe functioning toilet has a positive impact on public health, human dignity, and personal safety, especially for ...
Dental Hygiene , Health & Fitness Leadership , Health Science , Massage Therapy , Nursing , Personal Trainer Education , ...
Food Safety and Hygiene Bulletin August 2007. "New Chair for Food Safety Information Council". CSIRO. Retrieved 31 January 2014 ... ABC Health and Wellbeing. "Don't wash your chicken". Retrieved 31 January 2012. Carey, Kate (14 November 2012). "Australian ... "Food Hygiene". Archived from the original on 11 December 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2014. NSW Food Authority. "Media release: ... A question and answer fact sheet published by the Australian Department of Health together with this study references the Food ...
Parry, Manon (October 2006). "Thomas W. Salmon: Advocate of Mental Hygiene". American Journal of Public Health. 96 (10): 1741. ... In 1911, the New York State Commission in Lunacy asked the Public Health Service to grant Salmon a leave of absence from the ... was given the title of Medical Director of the National Committee for Mental Hygiene and he resigned from the Public Health ... On his return, he recommended to the Public Health Service that a hospital ship be provided to give medical care to the ...
Power Engineering Health Sciences Concurrent Bachelor of Science/Medical Laboratory Science; Dental Assisting; Dental Hygiene; ... Health Foundations; Pre-Business; Pre-Health Science; Pre-Nursing and Pre-Technology Business & Information Technology Business ... Toldo Centre for Applied Health Sciences SportsPlex Fitness Centre The St. Clair Center for the Arts is located on the ...
Kownatzki E (2003). "Hand hygiene and skin health". J Hosp Infect. 55 (4): 239-45. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2003.08.018. PMID ... Hygiene. It is important to note that the human skin is host to numerous bacterial and fungal species, some of which are ... Health care workers washed their hands once in nonmedicated liquid soap for 30 seconds. The students/technicians for 20 times.[ ... "Changes in bacterial flora associated with skin damage on hands of health care personnel". Am J Infect Control. 26 (5): 513-21 ...
613.023 Professions hygiene and health. *613.1 Role of the natural environment. *613.2 Diet (food hygiene, nutrition, diet, ... 613.4 Cleanliness Care (hygiene and personal cleanliness, personal care). *613.5 Role of unnatural environment (housing, ...
Health and Hygiene; Adult Schools; High Schools and Private Schools; Legal; Brewster Sessions; Police Matrons; Women as Poor ...
Grundriss der Militär-Gesundheitspflege, 1896 - Outline of military health care. Hygiene und Seuchenbekämpfung; gesammelte ... From 1887 he worked as a physician under Robert Koch at the institute of hygiene in Berlin. In 1894 he obtained his ... Lehrbuch der Militär-Gesundheitspflege, 1910 - Textbook of military health care. Schutzpockenimpfung und Impfgesetz unter ... The importance of bacteriology for public health care. ... habilitation for hygiene at the Technische Hochschule in ...
It is caused by consuming sugary or starchy food and poor dental hygiene and is treated by a dentist draining the pus and ... "Oral Health". National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Retrieved 2013-12-30. ... "Water-related Hygiene". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2013-12-25. "Dental abscess". NHS Choices. ... Prevention includes good oral hygiene that consists of brushing twice daily, flossing, eating nutritious meals and limiting ...
The hygiene hypothesis postulates that children of affluent families are now exposed to fewer antigens than has been normal in ... World Health Organization. New WHO report: deaths from noncommunicable diseases on the rise, with developing world hit hardest ... "The Hygiene Hypothesis". MedicineNet.com. Saunders K, Raine T, Cooke A, Lawrence C (2007). "Inhibition of Autoimmune Type 1 ... Social determinants of health Paleolithic diet / Paleolithic lifestyle The China Study (2005 book on the relationship between ...
US/worker-health-safety-us/safety-equipment/fall-protection-equipment/?WT.mc_id=www.3m.com/fallprotection/ "Company Overview of ... http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=4370615 "Business News." Industrial Hygiene ... of Winnipeg." Occupational Health and Safety Canada. N.p., 16 Jan. 2006. Web. 2 July 2012. http://www.ohscanada.com/pressroom/ ... https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052970204753404577066312140823368 "New CEO Joins Capital Safety." Occupational Health & ...
Dental Hygiene Certificate; General Health Science Certificate; Health Information Management Certificate; Massage Therapy ... HEALTH SCIENCES Associate in Health Science (Major in Nursing); Associate in Health Science (Major in Radiologic Technology); ... Associate in Health Science (Major in Respiratory Care); Medical Assisting Diploma; Pharmacy Technician Diploma; Practical ...
Health hazards. Contact with liquid causes irritation of eyes and skin. If ingested, irritates mouth and stomach. ... 1993-1994). Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. 2A-2F (4th ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. p. 545.. ... Jan 1981). NIOSH/OSHA - Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards. DHHS(NIOSH) Publication No. 81-123. Washington, DC ... International Labour Office (1998). Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety. 1-4 (4th ed.). Geneva: International ...
However, it is sometimes loosely used to refer to other similar concepts used in occupational health and toxicology, such as ... Many OSHA exposure limits are not considered by the industrial hygiene community to be sufficiently protective levels since the ... Encyclopedia of Occupational Health & Safety. International Labour Organization. "A Strategy for Assessing and Managing ... The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) publishes recommended exposure limits (RELs) which OSHA takes ...
1996). Shelton, Herbert M. Health for the Millions. (1996). Shelton, Herbert M. Human Beauty: Its Culture and Hygiene (1039 ... Health Research. UPC/ ISBN 0-7873-1173-1 (Jan. 1998). Oswald, Jean A. (1989). Yours for Health: The Life and Times of Herbert M ... Virginia Vetrano - #4". NATURAL HEALTH & ENERGY. International Natural Hygiene Society. Retrieved 2014-10-08. Quotations ... Health Research. UPC/ ISBN 0-7873-0778-5 (June 1993). Shelton, Herbert M. Health for All. (Jan. ...
Half of plate to be filled with vegetables, according to Harvard School of Public Health ... and vegetarianism are all techniques employed by individuals and encouraged by societies to increase longevity and health. Some ...
Feminine Hygiene Products,Vaginal Cleaning from Other Feminine Hygiene Products Supplier or Manufacturer-Xian Furuize ... Find Complete Details about Vagina Steam Tea Yoni Steaming Herbs For Women Vagina Health,Yoni Herbs Womb Healing Herbs, ... Vagina Steam Tea Yoni Steaming Herbs For Women Vagina Health , ... Other, Vaginal health care. Product Name: vaginal cleaning yoni ... Our goal is to Focus on Womens Health.. Our vision is create health for women all over the world. ...
Followed by all sorts of activites.An estimated 200-children were given free health screenings, plus safety and hygiene ... information, at this back to school health fair. ... Health Fair. Posted 11:24 am, August 24, 2012, by Julie Sidoni ... An estimated 200-children were given free health screenings, plus safety and hygiene information, at this back to school health ... "Its an opportunity to receive some key health screenings as they begin a new school year, help get them off on the right foot ...
Health and safety offences, corporate manslaughter, food safety and hygiene offences. Published on: 3 November 2015 ... Health and safety offences, corporate manslaughter and food safety and hygiene offences: Definitive guideline. ... Definitive sentencing guideline for use in courts in England and Wales on health and safety offences, corporate manslaughter ... and food safety and hygiene offences. The guideline came into effect on 1 February 2016. We have made change to page 36 to ...
... hygiene issues specific to less developed countries, and hygiene etiquette. ... Resources for water-related hygiene issues, including links to sites or documents relating to facial cleanliness, face washing ... Water, Sanitation, & Environmentally-related Hygiene * Handwashing & Nail Hygiene ... The Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not endorse any particular company ...
Dow is a leading supplier of material solutions for health & hygiene film and nonwovens. From soft touch and soft stretch ... Hygiene Adhesives. Dow provides a range of high-performance polymer solutions for hot melt adhesives for nonwoven applications ... These are the ongoing demands in the hygiene absorbent products industry. Theyre also some of the key concerns addressed by ... Plastics from The Dow Chemical Company (Dow) are used to make all components of diapers, feminine hygiene and adult ...
Common KnowledgeSeriesHealth Series of Physiology and Hygiene. Series: Health Series of Physiology and Hygiene. Series by cover ...
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Hong Kong maintains a high standard of public hygiene and has strict laws concerning environmental hygiene to ensure the city ... Hong Kong maintains a high standard of public hygiene and has strict laws concerning environmental hygiene to ensure the city ... Hong Kong maintains a high standard of facilities to better protect public health. Public toilets and hand sanitiser can be ... Hong Kong has strict laws about maintaining environmental hygiene, including fixed penalty fines of HK$1,500 for littering or ...
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... Added by Laurelyn Douglas 91 (English 264, 1991). [Victorian Web Home -> Biology ... Improved hygiene, diagnosis, and treatment in the past century have given people a certain emotional security even in the face ... The Public Health Bill, passed in 1848 because of the efforts of reformers like Smith and Chadwick, empowered a central ... Nothing occupies a nations mind with the subject of health like a general contagion. In the 1830s and the 1840s there were ...
This book is not only an authoritative text on health and hygiene from one who has been deeply interested in these aspects of ... principles of Health and Hygiene.. This volume, thus, is not only an authoritative text on Health and Hygiene from the pen of ... HEALTH AND HYGIENE. (WITH ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY). by Swami Sivananda. Table of Contents. About This Book (Back Cover). ... and of health and hygiene, with an insistence upon prevention as better than cure. ...
Environmental Health Practitioner Manual: A resource manual for Environmental Health Practitioners working with Aboriginal and ... The Hon Greg Hunt MPMinister for HealthMinister for Sport. *The Hon Ken Wyatt AM MPMinister for Aged CareMinister for ... not storing food properly Signs of poor personal hygiene include: *not washing hands *not showering *not washing hair Diseases ... Signs of poor domestic hygiene include: *not cleaning the toilet *not getting rid of rubbish *not washing clothes and bedding ...
... is working on innovative ways to address the food environment in order to improve the cardiovascular health of ... The Nutrition Strategy Program at the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) ... The Nutrition Strategy Program at the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) is working on innovative ways to ... address the food environment in order to improve the cardiovascular health of New Yorkers. ...
... and to change their health and hygiene habits," said UNICEF Health Officer Dr Tamur Mueenuddin. ... Community Health Worker Firdaus shares hygiene tips with Akhtar Bibi and her daughter Nusrat in the Chela Bandi camp. ... I tell them about health and hygiene, like what kind of safety measures they should take to avoid diseases," says Shaheen, 17. ... "Community health workers are the lynchpin of our efforts to bring quality health care to people in rural and remote areas, ...
Oral hygiene is vitally important because oral health is directly related to systemic health [1-3]. Poor oral health results in ... Oral health and hygiene has been an area overlooked in overall nursing education, but the growing body of research linking poor ... The percentage of oral health and hygiene content ranged from 0.27%  to 1.10%  with an average of 0.6%. Assessment of ... Quantity was operationalized as the actual page count and percentage of content devoted to oral health and hygiene in order to ...
Archive for the Health and Hygiene Category. Im Thinking Of Starting a Band Called The Wheezin Geezers. Old woman to old ... Advice, Cops, Default, Drinking & Drunk People, Drunks, Guys, Health and Hygiene, Street, The Village, Threats, Women, Words ... All Wednesday One-Liners, Compare/Contrast, Couples, Drugs, Film, Friends, Girlfriends, Girls, Handicaps, Health and Hygiene, ... Anger Management, Fashion, Health and Hygiene, Mexicans, On the Subway, Parents, Pregnancy & Birth Control, Sex, Sex & ...
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People living in poverty stricken areas have poor hygiene behaviour and lack of sanitation due to rapid and haphazard ... Improving hygiene and sanitation behaviour. People living in poverty stricken areas suffer poor environmental health due to ... home / services / schools / geography / human resource management / further information / educating about hygieneDonate ... These children are also the parents of the future who will pass on the good hygiene practices that they have learned to their ...
of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology ... Filed under: Men -- Health and hygiene -- Periodicals*. Mens Health. (partial serial archives) ... of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, ... of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National ...
Hygiene Brokerage Report, Mohini Health & Hygiene updates and more at Business Standard news. , Page 1 ... Mohini Health & Hygiene Ltd. (MHHL) - Brokerage Reports. Date. Broker. Report. Action. Price. ... Quick Links for Mohini Health & Hygiene:. * News. Announcements Brokerage Reports Business Earnings Sector ... Health*Automobile*Construction*Power*Energy*MSME*IT*Labour*Finance*Hospitality. *Sports*ICC World Test Championship*IPL 2020* ...
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Healthy Children > Healthy Living > Oral Health > Dental Health & Hygiene for Young Children ... With the proper coaching hell quickly adopt good oral hygiene as a part of his daily routine. However, while he may be an ... During regular well-child visits, the pediatrician will check your childs teeth and gums to ensure their health. If she ... This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. ...
We also offer first aid centres to assist with minor health issues and offer preventive health services to our Cast Members, ... Learn more about public health and hygiene practices at the Disneyland Resort. ... As part of our commitment to the health and safety of our Guests, Cast Members and the larger community, we have high standards ... Additionally, our onsite health teams and leaders routinely communicate with our Cast Members about illness prevention. ...
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- We have achieved our big goal of helping more than 1 billion people to improve their health and well-being by 2020. (unilever.com)
- Our aim is to help more than a billion people to improve their health and hygiene by 2020. (unilever.com.au)
- Notification: The University of Nevada, Reno was issued three citations by the State of Nevada Occupational Safety and Health Administration on Jan. 3, 2020. (unr.edu)
- The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene PrIDE project will focus on increasing the capacity of health departments to implement PrEP linkage navigation in STD clinics and increase awareness and use of PrEP among NYC MSM of color and transgender persons at risk for HIV infection. (cdc.gov)
- 2 HIV Epidemiology Field Services Program, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. (cdc.gov)
- The Nutrition Strategy Program at the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) is working on innovative ways to address the food environment in order to improve the cardiovascular health of New Yorkers. (idealist.org)
- by Paul V. Lemkau, M.D., Professor of Public Health Administration, Division of Mental Hygiene, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University (on leave as Director of Mental Health Services, New York City Community Health Board). (ajtmh.org)
- This is an excellent presentation of the role of mental hygiene of the individual in public health programs. (ajtmh.org)
- The first part discusses the place of mental hygiene in public health and the second the development of the individual in our society. (ajtmh.org)
- The NYS Legislature passed Kendra?s law as an amendment to the Mental Hygiene Law. (simplyhired.com)
- The Bureau of Administration provides all non-program support for the Division of Mental Hygiene. (simplyhired.com)
- The Division of Family and Child Health (DFCH) of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene is charged with the creation and oversight of. (simplyhired.com)
- Attend and testify at Tribunal hearings as representative of the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. (simplyhired.com)
- The Department was formerly named the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene from 1969 to June 30, 2017. (wikipedia.org)
- There are many sicknesses which can be caused by inadequate (poor) domestic or personal hygiene. (health.gov.au)
- On the bathroom shelf or in the kitchen cabinet, discreetly but surely, the products developed from Arkema's chemistry form an integral part of household and personal hygiene innovations, making it possible for our lifestyles to evolve. (arkema.com)
- Personal hygiene is one of the basic requirements for healthy living. (beforeitsnews.com)
- Basically, good personal hygiene involves taking care of the body from head to toe. (beforeitsnews.com)
- As March is National Athletic Training Month (NATM), Athletico Physical Therapy is using the observance as an opportunity to educate parents, coaches and athletes about the importance of practicing proper equipment and personal hygiene in youth sports. (athletico.com)
- The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged health workers to practice good hand hygiene when caring for patients, to protect them from contracting infections in health facilities. (tradearabia.com)
- The World Health Organization estimates that tackling these interconnected issues has the potential to prevent at least 9% of global disease, and 6% of all deaths. (unilever.com)
- Standardized questionnaire and world health organization observational checklist was used to collect the data. (omicsonline.org)
- World Health Organization (WHO). (susana.org)
- Sleep hygiene is routines or habits that promote more restful and restorative sleep. (medbroadcast.com)
- Oxyfresh, with its proprietary ingredient Oxygene , offers exclusive products that support healthy habits and good oral hygiene for pets. (terrificpets.com)
- It's been proven that oral hygiene habits you follow as a child will actually follow you as an adult in another fashion. (clevelandleader.com)
- Sunset burns the chalky cliff opposite, where an entire mountain slope was sheared off by the October 8 earthquake, and Firdaus begins her daily round of monitoring 30 families' health and hygiene behaviours. (unicef.org)
- Whilst increased handwashing with soap and other hygiene behaviours are to be encouraged, this may limit the amount of water available for menstrual hygiene. (eldis.org)
- This is a two hour session which aims to help you successfully comply with food hygiene legislation. (exeter.gov.uk)
- We tell you what we look for when inspecting your business, discuss good and bad hygiene practises and how to get a food hygiene rating of 5. (exeter.gov.uk)
- With food hygiene in the news following the horsemeat scandal, I thought I'd put together a quick guide on getting information about your own local hospitals' hygiene ratings. (helpmeinvestigate.com)
- You can download FSA ratings of food hygiene for each local authority . (helpmeinvestigate.com)
- With summer just around the corner it is especially important to think about food hygiene when preparing and cooking food. (sainthelena.gov.sh)
- Lots of people think they should wash raw chicken, but there's no need according to food hygiene experts. (sainthelena.gov.sh)
- More on food hygiene next time. (sainthelena.gov.sh)
- Other systemic diseases associated with inadequate oral hygiene and resulting poor oral health include diabetes [ 8 - 10 ] and coronary artery disease [ 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Inadequate oral health negatively impacts quality of life and mortality, as well [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Unhygienic environmental conditions observed regularly at markets, and inadequate market infrastructure which is not regularly maintained, may pose a serious risk to the health of our residents visiting these markets, unless current efforts are intensified to achieve a high level of hygiene," he said. (economist.com.na)
- Oral hygiene is vitally important because oral health is directly related to systemic health [ 1 - 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
- To see more employment opportunities with London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, please click here . (jobs.ac.uk)
- Rees is a Personal Professor in the Wits Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and an Honorary Professor in the Department of Clinical Research at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and a member of their Visiting Committee. (wikipedia.org)
- You may be spreading contamination to everything you touch, and you still need to practice proper hand hygiene along with cleaning your possessions. (thetelegraph.com)
- As accredited and certified professionals with a presence at youth to professional sports, athletic trainers can help make sure young athletes practice appropriate hygiene to avoid serious skin infections and diseases. (athletico.com)
- asthma epidemiology However, hygiene is certainly not the whole story: Geography, socioeconomic status, and genetics all play their parts. (oreilly.com)
- The Bureau of Public Health Training and Information Dissemination, within the Division of Epidemiology, supports efforts to build public health capacity of the. (simplyhired.com)
- This course will be of great interest to professionals working in occupational hygiene, health and safety, and workplace safety. (alison.com)
- HNU manufactures portable, hand-held, and fixed continuous monitors for a variety of industrial hygiene and workplace safety applications. (aiha.org)
- I want to thank ASSE and AIHA - both the individual members and your organization's leadership - for your commitment to workplace safety and health, for your support of OSHA (when we're doing things right), and for your candor (when we need to take a second look at our activities). (osha.gov)
- The final module of this course will show you the impact of behaviour and culture in occupational hygiene. (alison.com)
- The good news is that hygiene behaviour can be improved and that can make a huge difference. (causes.com)
- It is now proposed that a practical monitoring system be established at village level in order to track hygiene behaviour change as the CHCs are established across the country. (susana.org)
- To monitor the national Community-Based Environmental Health Promotion Programme (CBEHPP) and achieve cost-effective and sustainable hygiene behaviour change through implementation of the holistic and integrated CHC model to prevent common diseases. (susana.org)
- In 2016, Unilever signed an MOU with the Federal Ministry of Health to improve the oral health of children in Nigeria and educate them on the importance of brushing day and night via the Unilever Brush Day and Night Schools Programme. (vanguardngr.com)
- Happy Pupils of Deo Gratias Primary School, Garki, Abuja receiving free Pepsodent toothpaste and toothbrush during the Pepsodent Schools' Oral Health Programme held in Abuja recently. (vanguardngr.com)
- The Ministry of Health (MoH) in Rwanda is currently implementing the Community-Based Environmental Health Promotion Programme (CBEHPP) which is in the process of establish Community Hygiene/Health Clubs (CHCs) in all 15,000 villages across Rwanda. (susana.org)
- On a mattress opposite Akhtar Bibi, her daughter Nusrat and Akhtar's father, Firdaus pulls out a data book and launches into her newfound duty of recording the health of each member of the family and imparting basic hygiene tips. (unicef.org)
- People are encouraged to follow basic hygiene precautions, such as washing hands frequently, not touching their face and covering their nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. (aberdeenshire.gov.uk)
- Poor oral health results in plaque buildup and inflammation of the gingiva. (hindawi.com)
- In fact, poor oral hygiene has been linked to ventilator-associated pneumonia across the lifespan [ 5 , 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
- People living in poverty stricken areas suffer poor environmental health due to unsafe drinking water. (practicalaction.org)
- After 4 years, no student experienced severe decay or poor oral hygiene. (ingentaconnect.com)
- Poor oral hygiene was strongly associated with decayed or filled teeth. (ingentaconnect.com)
- This is also important since indicators of maternal health are unfortunately poor. (tehelka.com)
- Many viruses and diseases occur as a result of poor hygiene. (beforeitsnews.com)
- But there are more serious health consequences caused by poor oral hygiene. (allhealthguides.com)
- It starts with poor oral hygiene and failing to visit your dentist. (allhealthguides.com)
- Some parasites reside in the gastrointestinal tract, a condition generally caused by poor hygiene or coming into contact with feces. (cerebralpalsy.org)
- Recently, Unilever partnered with the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria, Nigerian Dental Association, Association of Community Pharmacists, Federal Ministry of Health and other stakeholders to further create awareness on issues emanating from poor oral health and the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene. (vanguardngr.com)
- Microbiological - Broad portfolio includes pathogens such as Salmonella and Listeria, plus other organisms that indicate poor hygiene or contamination. (healthbusinessuk.net)
- Dental hygienists are at the threshold of expanded responsibilities for assessing and caring for their patient's oral and overall health, creating this "moment of opportunity. (elsevier.com)
- Attendees of the 2014 Annual Session of the American Dental Hygienists Association, June 18 - 24, in Las Vegas, are invited to visit the Elsevier booth to see and purchase copies of the Annual Report on Dental Hygiene . (elsevier.com)
- Patients value the knowledge and skill of dental hygienists and often ask for your oral hygiene product recommendations. (colgateprofessional.com)
- Occupational Hygiene - Biological, Physical and Environmental Hazards introduces you to the skills and knowledge on various topics associated with working in an occupational hygiene environment. (alison.com)
- Defense Occupational Environmental Health Readiness System-Industrial Hygiene (DOEHRS-IH) reports occupational & environmental health readiness and actively tracks air, water, soil, & environmental hazards for the DoD Military Health System. (army.mil)
- Besides regular toothbrushing with the right amount of fluoride toothpaste, your child's diet will play a key role in his dental health. (healthychildren.org)
- As part of her dental checkup the dentist will make sure all teeth are developing normally and that there are no dental problems and give you further advice on proper hygiene. (healthychildren.org)
- Evaluation of Dental Hygiene Health Policy Connecticut Code Secti. (ingentaconnect.com)
- This dental hygienist-led program had a positive impact on the oral health of children. (ingentaconnect.com)
- The special issue presents 27 invited articles contributed by leading clinicians and researchers from dental hygiene, dentistry, and other disciplines. (elsevier.com)
- Topics include mentorship and leadership, dental hygiene and research, and the "game-changing" role of technology. (elsevier.com)
- The JEBDP Annual Report on Dental Hygiene is now available in print and electronic formats. (elsevier.com)
- The JEBDP Annual Report on Dental Hygiene is published by Elsevier. (elsevier.com)
- All students in the LCC Dental Hygiene Program must be able to perform these essential functions with or without reasonable accommodations. (lanecc.edu)
- Well, the fact is, what you do as a child can deeply impact your body when you're older, and this applies to your dental hygiene as well. (clevelandleader.com)
- Our Dental Helpline, staffed by fully trained oral health experts and dental nurses, gives free and impartial dental advice. (dentalhealth.org)
- Our Dental Helpline offers free and confidential advice while we supply the very best educational resources for use by the public, health and dental professionals. (dentalhealth.org)
- For the last 40 years we have been improving oral health as the British Dental Health Foundation. (dentalhealth.org)
- People begin to learn about dental health from a very young age, when teeth first begin to show up. (allhealthguides.com)
- Good dental health comprises brushing and flossing your teeth every day, and regular visits to a dentist or dental hygienist as well. (allhealthguides.com)
- Learning about these 5 foods will improve your dental health. (allhealthguides.com)
- Here are five tips that will help you prevent tooth decay and other dental health problems. (allhealthguides.com)
- If they develop good dental hygiene in their childhood, it will serve them well into their adulthood. (allhealthguides.com)
- Get some good advice on how to teach your children good dental hygiene. (allhealthguides.com)
- Read on to find out why dental hygiene is so important. (uniprix.com)
- As a graduate student in this program, you will take 36 semester credit hours, including 18 hours of required core, 12 hours of dental hygiene emphasis and six hours of research tools. (twu.edu)
- To apply, you must have graduated with an entry-level dental hygiene degree from a Commission on Dental Accreditation program and a bachelor's degree in dental hygiene or related field prior to starting the master's program. (twu.edu)
- Dear Doctor, I read your consultation about a dental hygiene visit recently and want to know what the difference is between a dental hygiene visit and a polishing? (deardoctor.com)
- Dear Brenda, The consultation about the dental hygiene visit really clarifies exactly what is done at each hygiene visit. (deardoctor.com)
- Polishing can be part of a dental hygiene visit. (deardoctor.com)
- However, researches have found lately that getting good dental hygiene may also result in a healthy heart. (idealhealthfitness.com)
- In recognition of menstrual health and hygiene as a major health issue for adolescent girls and women, the state has been mandating programmes and guidelines. (tehelka.com)
- She was awarded Wits University's Vice-Chancellor's Research Award (2012), Wits' highest research recognition, and Wits Faculty of Health Sciences recognition for dedication and achievement in research (2013). (wikipedia.org)
- This calamity has given us a window to raise the bar in health monitoring. (unicef.org)
- Industrial hygiene monitoring is conducted for various facilities to determine employee exposure to various chemicals. (environmental-expert.com)
- Monitoring the CHC model over three years will determine precisely how hygiene behavior can be improved to reduce the national disease burden in Rwanda and similar countries. (susana.org)
- In a message on the occasion of Hand Hygiene Day (May 5), it said initial results from a new WHO global survey confirm that these infections are often resistant to the antibiotics used to treat them. (tradearabia.com)
- Health workers can play a vital role to protect patients from infections that are difficult to treat by performing hand hygiene at 5 key moments, preferably by using an alcohol-based rub or by hand washing with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty. (tradearabia.com)
- It is better to give training on hand hygiene compliance and provide alcohol based hand rub and individual towel or tissue paper for hand hygiene compliance. (omicsonline.org)
- The OHA's highly successful hand-hygiene program is a signature example of that commitment, which has garnered the organization an honorable mention for the American Hospital Association's 2016 Dick Davidson Quality Milestone Award. (hfmmagazine.com)
- Our hand-hygiene compliance rate is now 84 percent, compared with a 68 percent national compliance rate," says Mike Abrams, OHA president and CEO. (hfmmagazine.com)
- Since 2010, specially trained student nurses have made more than a million "secret shopper" hand-hygiene observations at more than 100 participating Ohio hospitals and nursing facilities. (hfmmagazine.com)
- As a result, hand-hygiene compliance has doubled in five years, contributing to a 48 percent decrease in hospital-acquired infections. (hfmmagazine.com)
- What is hand hygiene? (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- The information below is about hand hygiene in healthcare settings. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- How do I perform hand hygiene? (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- Wearing gloves does not replace the need for hand hygiene, as gloves do not provide complete protection against hand contamination. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- Allergic contact dermatitis, which is rare and represents an allergy to some ingredient in a hand hygiene product. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- The majority of skin problems among healthcare workers that are related to hand hygiene are due to irritant contact dermatitis. (safetyandquality.gov.au)
- The best way to prevent the transmission is through effective hand hygiene. (teaching.com.au)
- The purpose of this paper is to describe the quantity and quality of oral hygiene content in a representative sample of before-licensure nursing fundamentals textbooks. (hindawi.com)
- Quantity was operationalized as the actual page count and percentage of content devoted to oral health and hygiene. (hindawi.com)
- reported an hour or less of overall oral health content in the entire curricula for 50% of the surveyed schools [ 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
- More recent reports of oral health content in undergraduate/predoctoral nursing, medical, and pharmacy schools show little, if any, improvement. (hindawi.com)
- This author was invited to address the committee and discuss the quantity and quality of oral health content in nursing education. (hindawi.com)
- The vulnerable population, especially women and children, are being targeted by Practical Action to improve their health and wellbeing. (practicalaction.org)
- Our health and hygiene brands - Lifebuoy, Domestos, Smile, Pureit and Vaseline - aim to improve health through better hygiene. (unilever.com)
- We are a leading independent charity working to improve oral health around the world. (dentalhealth.org)
- Every year, we help a countless number of people to improve the health of their mouths through providing education materials and resources, advice and information and by organising campaigns and events. (dentalhealth.org)
- Neglecting your pet s oral health can cause gingivitis, periodontal disease and loss of teeth. (terrificpets.com)
- Whether you have a prophylaxis (see definition below), periodontal maintenance or a scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) appointment will depend upon your periodontal (gum) health. (deardoctor.com)
- In today's world it's a necessity and will prevent potential health problems later in life. (allhealthguides.com)
- The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Division of Environmental Health works to prevent and control illness and injury related to environmental and occupational health risks through outreach, education, surveillance and enforcement. (simplyhired.com)