Insurance, Major Medical
Health Care Reform
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Delivery of Health Care
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
Cost of Illness
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Health Services Accessibility
National Health Programs
Health Care Surveys
Health Services Administration
Health Services Research
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Health Care Sector
Health Care Costs
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
World Health Organization
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
Primary Health Care
Quality of Health Care
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Health Services Needs and Demand
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Health Care Rationing
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Status Disparities
Public Health Practice
Delivery of Health Care, Integrated
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Community Health Services
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Rural Health Services
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Attitude of Health Personnel
Community Health Planning
Health Benefit Plans, Employee
Costs and Cost Analysis
Community Health Centers
Health Services for the Aged
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
State Health Plans
Health Maintenance Organizations
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Public Health Nursing
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Electronic Health Records
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
Occupational Health Services
The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes, such as chemical reactions, changes of state, and formations of solutions, or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances. The fundamental unit of measurement is the joule or the calorie (4.184 joules). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Insurance, Health, Reimbursement
Interviews as Topic
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Health Services, Indigenous
Managed Care Programs
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Health Plan Implementation
Public Health Informatics
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Quality Indicators, Health Care
Urban Health Services
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)
Risk-adjusted capitation based on the Diagnostic Cost Group Model: an empirical evaluation with health survey information. (1/1821)OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the Diagnostic Cost Group (DCG) model using health survey information. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Longitudinal data collected for a sample of members of a Dutch sickness fund. In the Netherlands the sickness funds provide compulsory health insurance coverage for the 60 percent of the population in the lowest income brackets. STUDY DESIGN: A demographic model and DCG capitation models are estimated by means of ordinary least squares, with an individual's annual healthcare expenditures in 1994 as the dependent variable. For subgroups based on health survey information, costs predicted by the models are compared with actual costs. Using stepwise regression procedures a subset of relevant survey variables that could improve the predictive accuracy of the three-year DCG model was identified. Capitation models were extended with these variables. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: For the empirical analysis, panel data of sickness fund members were used that contained demographic information, annual healthcare expenditures, and diagnostic information from hospitalizations for each member. In 1993, a mailed health survey was conducted among a random sample of 15,000 persons in the panel data set, with a 70 percent response rate. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The predictive accuracy of the demographic model improves when it is extended with diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations (DCGs). A subset of survey variables further improves the predictive accuracy of the DCG capitation models. The predictable profits and losses based on survey information for the DCG models are smaller than for the demographic model. Most persons with predictable losses based on health survey information were not hospitalized in the preceding year. CONCLUSIONS: The use of diagnostic information from prior hospitalizations is a promising option for improving the demographic capitation payment formula. This study suggests that diagnostic information from outpatient utilization is complementary to DCGs in predicting future costs. (+info)
Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia: pattern of use and health care system costs. (2/1821)BACKGROUND: The use of mammography for screening asymptomatic women has increased dramatically in the past decade. This report describes the changes that have occurred in the use of bilateral mammography in British Columbia since the provincial breast cancer screening program began in 1988. METHODS: Using province-wide databases from both the breast cancer screening program and the provincial health insurance plan in BC, the authors determined the number and costs of bilateral mammography services for women aged 40 years or older between Apr. 1, 1986, and Mar. 31, 1997. Unilateral mammography was excluded because it is used for investigating symptomatic disease and screening abnormalities, and for follow-up of women who have undergone mastectomy for cancer. RESULTS: As the provincial breast cancer screening program expanded from 1 site in 1988 to 23 in 1997, it provided an increasing proportion of the bilateral mammographic examinations carried out each year in BC. In fiscal year 1996/97, 65% of bilateral mammographic examinations were performed through the screening program. The cost per examination within the screening program dropped as volume increased. Thirty percent more bilateral mammography examinations were done in 1996/97 than in 1991/92, but health care system expenditures for these services increased by only 4% during the same period. In calendar year 1996, 21% of new breast cancers were diagnosed as a result of a screening program visit. INTERPRETATION: Substantial increases in health care expenditures have been avoided by shifting bilateral mammography services to the provincial screening program, which has a lower cost per screening visit. (+info)
The economic burden of asthma: direct and indirect costs in Switzerland. (3/1821)Asthma mortality increased in Switzerland between 1980 and 1994. This study aimed to assess the economic burden of asthma in this country. Chart reviews were conducted for the last five patients seen for asthma in physician practices in 1996 and 1997. Direct expenditures and indirect costs for asthma-related morbidity were determined. A total of 589 patient charts were completely analysed, including 117 children's charts, obtained from 120 office-based physicians. The annual direct medical costs were CHF 1,778 and the mean annual indirect costs were CHF 1,019 per patient for all patients. The total estimated cost of asthma in Switzerland in 1997 was nearly CHF 1,252 million. Direct medical expenditures approached CHF 762 million, or 61% of the total. In 1997, the indirect costs for asthma were estimated to have exceeded CHF 490 million. Of these costs CHF 123 million (25%) was associated with morbidity and nearly CHF 368 million (75%) was associated with looking after asthmatic patients who had to be cared for at home. This study provides evidence that asthma is a major healthcare cost factor in Switzerland, amounting to approximately CHF 1,200 million per year. The data suggest that cost savings can be achieved by improving primary care for asthma in an ambulatory setting. (+info)
Health expenditure and finance: who gets what? (4/1821)The methods used in South Africa's first comprehensive review of health finance and expenditure are outlined. Special measures were adopted to make the process acceptable to all concerned during a period of profound political transition. The estimation of indicators of access to public sector resources for districts sorted by per capita income allowed the health care problems of disadvantaged communities to be highlighted. (+info)
Light on population health status. (5/1821)A new approach to illustrating and analysing health status is presented which allows comparisons of various aspects of health in a population at different times and in different populations during given periods. Both quantitative and qualitative elements can be represented, the impact of interventions can be monitored, and the extent to which objectives are achieved can be assessed. The practical application of the approach is demonstrated with reference to the health profiles to Tunisia in 1966 and 1994. (+info)
Explaining the decline in health insurance coverage, 1979-1995. (6/1821)The decline in health insurance coverage among workers from 1979 to 1995 can be accounted for almost entirely by the fact that per capita health care spending rose much more rapidly than personal income during this time period. We simulate health insurance coverage levels for 1996-2005 under alternative assumptions concerning the rate of growth of spending. We conclude that reduction in spending growth creates measurable increases in health insurance coverage for low-income workers and that the rapid increase in health care spending over the past fifteen years has created a large pool of low-income workers for whom health insurance is unaffordable. (+info)
Cost of tax-exempt health benefits in 1998. (7/1821)The tax expenditure for health benefits is the amount of revenues that the federal government forgoes by exempting the following from the federal income and Social Security taxes: (1) employer health benefits contribution, (2) health spending under flexible spending plans, and (3) the tax deduction for health expenses. The health tax expenditure was $111.2 billion in 1998. This figure varied from $2,357 per family among those with annual incomes of $100,000 or more to $71 per family among those with annual incomes of less than $15,000. Families with incomes of $100,000 or more (10 percent of the population) accounted for 23.6 percent of all tax expenditures. (+info)
Who bears the burden of Medicaid drug copayment policies? (8/1821)This DataWatch examines the impact of Medicaid prescription drug copayment policies in thirty-eight states using survey data from the 1992 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey. Findings indicate that elderly and disabled Medicaid recipients who reside in states with copay provisions have significantly lower rates of drug use than their counterparts in states without copayments. After controlling for other factors, we find that the primary effect of copayments is to reduce the likelihood that Medicaid recipients fill any prescription during the year. This burden falls disproportionately on recipients in poor health. (+info)
Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia
Health expenditure; public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia was last measured at 54.83 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia.
Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Europe and Central Asia
Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Europe and Central Asia was last measured at 85.28 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Europe and Central Asia.
Haiti National Health Accounts, HIV and AIDs, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Subaccounts 2005-2006 | GHDx
National health accounts (NHA) constitute a systematic monitoring of the resource flows in a countrys health care system, helping to inform the evaluation of health care policy.. This NHA report for Haiti contains tables analysis on subaccounts for HIV/AIDs, tuberculosis, and malaria. Specifically, the tables contain data on health care expenditures with regard to financing sources and health care functions.. The report is available for download from the WHO National Health Accounts website.. ...
Health care expenditure and health outcome nexus: new evidence from SAARC-ASEAN region - USQ ePrints
Background/ Objective: The main health status indicators in the SAARC-ASEAN region are far behind than those of OECD group and world average. Similarly, total health expenditure (% of GDP) in the region is also lower than that of OECD region and world. Therefore, this study aims to investigate a relationship between the healthcare expenditures and three main health status outcomes (life expectancy at birth, crude death rate and infant mortality rate) in the region.. Methods: Using the World Bank data set for 20 years (1995-2014) in 15 countries of the region, a panel data analysis is conducted where relevant fixed and random effect models are estimated to determine the effects of healthcare expenditures on health outcomes. The separate effects of private and public health expenditures were also explored.. Results: Total health expenditure, public health expenditure and private health expenditure have significant effect in reducing infant mortality rate and the extent of effect of private health ...
Out-of-Pocket Health Expenditure in Thailand
In 2014, Out-of-Pocket Health Expenditure in Thailand was 12 Percent of Health Expenditure. Discover more data with NationMaster!
Hot countries Compared by Health | Health expenditure, total | % of GDP: NationMaster.com
Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Hot-countries/Health/Health-expenditure,-total/%-of-GDP. Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. 1995-2011. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Hot-countries/Health/Health-expenditure,-total/%-of-GDP,.. Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National ...
Satellite National Health Accounts | NBER
Though health expenditures in the U.S. are carefully tracked by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the health outcomes associated with these expenditures are not. To address this need, our past research has developed detailed measures of population health and medical spending using existing national data, in order to systematically and jointly measure the benefits and the costs of medical care. These methods have been developed to serve as a Satellite National Health Account, enabling a better understanding of the health sector in the United States. We propose two new avenues of analysis using these tools that will greatly expand our understanding of health change in relation to costs across the U.S. population. The first is to examine health in conjunction with costs among all age groups- -including the elderly, middle-aged, young adults, and children-and among different socioeconomic groups. The second is to examine the health of those with ...
Domestic health expenditure in Hong Kong: 1989/90 to 2001/02 | HKMJ
RESULTS. Total domestic health expenditure was $68 620 million in the fiscal year 2001/02. In real terms, expenditure grew at an average rate of 7% while gross domestic product increased by 4% during the same period. This indicates a growing share of health spending relative to gross domestic product, from 3.8% in 1989/90 to 5.5% in 2001/02. This upward trend was largely driven by increased public spending that rose 208% in real terms over the period, compared with 76% for private spending. Out-of-pocket payments by households accounted for about 70% of private spending while employers and insurance accounted for 28%. Private insurance plays an increasingly important role in financing private spending whereas household expenditure has shown a corresponding decrease during the period. Expenditure incurred at providers of ambulatory services and hospitals accounted for more than 70% of total health expenditure during the observed period. Hospitals share of total spending increased by 18%, ...
Does Health Insurance Decrease Health Expenditure Risk in Developing Countries? The Case of China
Downloadable! We make use of panel data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey between 1991 and 2006 to investigate whether health insurance increases out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure risk. We find that health insurance increases the probability of catastrophic OOP health expenditures using a series of Probit models. We then use two-part as well as sample selection models to account for selection on unobservable variables and find that although the probability of positive OOP health expenditures increases with the availability of health insurance, the actual level of OOP health expenditures decreases. More specifically, we find that for a per- son with positive OOP health expenditures, having health insurance reduces the level of OOP expenses by 12.56 percent while controlling for selection effects.
Georgia National Health Accounts: Tuberculosis Subaccounts 2001-2005 | GHDx
National health accounts (NHA) constitute a systematic monitoring of the resource flows in a countrys health care system, helping to inform the evaluation of health care policy.. This report includes tables and analysis specifically concerned with health care expenditures for the treatment and prevention of tuberculosis.. ...
International comparisons of health expenditure: Theory, data and econometric analysis
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Comparisons of aggregate health expenditure across different countries have become popular over the last three decades as they permit a systematic investigation of the impact of different institutional regimes and other explanatory variables. Over the years, several regression analyses based on cross-section and panel data have been used to explain the international differences in health expenditure. A common result of these studies is that aggregate income appears to be the most important factor explaining health expenditure variation between countries and that the size of the estimated income elasticity is high and even higher than unity which in that case indicates that health care is a luxury good. Additional results indicates, for example, that the use of primary care gatekeepers lowers health expenditure and also that the way of remunerating physicians in the ambulatory care sector appears to influence health expenditure; capitation systems tend to lead to
The Star Spangled Rag - Occidental Dissent
These facts are from the CIA-and they are undisputed:. • Infant mortality rate in the United States: 6.06 per 1,000 live births. • Infant mortality rate in France: 3.29 per 1,000 live births. • Average life expectancy in the United States: 78.37 years (75.92 for men, 80.93 for women).. • Average life expectancy in France: 81.19 years (78.20 for men, 84.54 for women).. • Total expenditure on health care in the United States: 16.2% of GDP (2009).. • Total expenditure on health care in France: 3.5% of GDP (2009).. • Expenditure on health care in the United States per capita: $7,517 per year (2009).. • Expenditure on health care in France per capita: $1,148 per year (2009).. So . . . to make it clear: France has a Socialist-Commie health care system, while the United States has the best health care system in the world-. -and yet the French live longer, have an infant mortality rate roughly half the United States, and yet still manage to spend less than Americans on health care. A ...
Health Expenditure: Short and Long-Term Relations in Latin America, 1995-2010: Medicine & Healthcare Journal Article | IGI...
Health Expenditure: Short and Long-Term Relations in Latin America, 1995-2010: 10.4018/IJPHIM.2015070102: This chapter explores the factors associated with the growth of total health expenditure, in addition to its main components, government health expenditure
Assessing the determinants of healthcare expenditures in single-person households | Israel Journal of Health Policy Research |...
The study documents a direct relationship between individuals health and patterns of healthcare expenditure by isolating single-person households and creating a new reference group in which household healthcare expenditure is based on one persons expenditure patterns in accordance with his or her own state of health. The study matched two surveys using Propensity Score Matching based on single-person household, age, and gender. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) explores paths of relation between the populations income and socioeconomic level and its health self-assessment and expenditure. Single-person households health expenditure increases with age and the differences in most expenditure categories are significant. The current study looks into the direct and indirect effects of income, gender, and SES on health insurance and other out-of-pocket health expenses among single-person households. A direct link exists between income, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES) and several aspects of health
Kenya Household Health Expenditure and Utilisation Survey 2007 - Datasets - openAFRICA
The 2007 Kenya Household Health Expenditure and Utilisation Survey (2007 KHHEUS) assess the utilisation of health services, as well as out-of-pocket expenditures on health at the national and regional levels, and by socioeconomic and demographic groups. The survey was as undertaken as part the National Health Accounts (NHA) estimation. NHA estimates give information not only on the distribution of health funding by financing sources but also by the entities through which the funds pass (financing agents), the health services providers that consume the funds, and ultimately the health functions on which the funds are spent. The KHHEUS 2007 survey was carried out by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and Partners.. ...
Health expenditure and its repercussions on health status-an analysis of south-asian countries | International Journal of...
Government has an essential role in making the health of its population and this role has risen substantially in todays scenario. This scenario is unlike that of private sector where the prices are high and question of affordability is the biggest challenge thus it becomes prior to study the causality between public health expenditure and health status. The prime objective of this study is to figure out the impact of per capita public health expenditure on health status of the population across countries using infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, and under-5 mortality rate as proxies using cross-sectional data of South-Asian countries. Dataset has been prepared by taking annual data for the years 1994 onwards till 2014 from World Bank and World Development Indicators. We adopt a robust Fixed Effects (FE) model as the baseline specification and compare the results with robust OLS and robust OLS with lagged explanatory variables. This study unveils that public health expenditure ...
Niger - Public Expenditure Tracking Survey : Education and Health - Main Report
The objective of the first Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) for Niger is to increase understanding of the link between public spending and service delivery at the facility level in order to contribute to improving the effectiveness and accountability in the use of public funds. Specifically, this PETS focuses on identifying the discrepancies, inefficiencies and delays in public spending execution for selected expenditures in the education and health sectors. The medium to long term goal of these PETS is to launch a process aimed at continuous improvements in public expenditure efficiency and equity by focusing on capacity building in this area in the ministries of education and health and in the Institute of National Statistics (INS). The main challenge faced by a tracking survey in a country like Niger is the availability and accuracy of records keeping. The Niger PETS highlights a general lack of systematic information recording. The quality of records in the education sector is low ...
Nederlandse Collectieve Uitgaven in Historisch Perspectief (Dutch Public Expenditure in Historical Perspective) by Frits Bos ::...
This paper discusses the development of public expenditure in the Netherlands since 1850. Why did public expenditure increase from 14% GDP in 1850, nearly 20% i
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07, Table of contents - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07 examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1996-97 to 2006-07. It shows that Australia spent over $ 94.0 billion on health in 2006-07, an estimated rise of $7.3 billion since 2005-06. This report presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by source of funding (Australian Government, other governments and the non-government sector). This report will be helpful to anyone interested in studying, analysing and comparing estimates of health expenditure in Australia.. ...
Validating the New Primary Care Measure in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validating the New Primary Care Measure in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. AU - Olaisen, R. Henry. AU - Flocke, Susan A.. AU - Smyth, Kathleen A.. AU - Schluchter, Mark D.. AU - Koroukian, Siran M.. AU - Stange, Kurt C.. PY - 2020/1/1. Y1 - 2020/1/1. N2 - Background:The advancement of primary care research requires reliable and validated measures that capture primary care processes embedded within nationally representative datasets.Objective:The objective of this study was to assess the validity of a newly developed measure of primary care processes [Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)-PC] with preliminary evidence of moderate to excellent reliability.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of community-dwelling adults with history of office-based provider visit/s using the MEPS (2013-2014).Methods:The 3 MEPS-PC subscales (Relationship, Comprehensiveness, and Health Promotion) were tested for construct validity against known measures of primary care: Usual Source of ...
Public health expenditure in Australia, 2007-08, Summary - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Public health focuses on prevention, promotion and protection rather than on treatment; on populations rather than on individuals; and on the factors and behaviours that cause illness.. The estimates included in the Public health expenditure in Australia series relate only to public health activities where the funding was provided or the expenditure incurred by the key health departments and agencies in the various jurisdictions. They are accompanied by descriptions of public health activities undertaken nationally and by states and territories.. Total expenditure on reported public health activities by health departments in Australia during 2007-08 was $2,158.8 million or $101.61 per person on average. This was an increase of $444.0 million on what was spent in 2006-07 which, after adjusting for inflation, represented real growth of 21.5% in 2007-08. Average expenditure per person increased by 19.4%.. Expenditure on public health increased by 77.7%, in real terms, between 1999-00 and 2007-08, ...
Burden of out-of-pocket expenditure for road traffic injuries in urban India | BMC Health Services Research | Full Text
Road traffic injuries (RTI) are an increasing public health problem in India where out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures on health are among the highest in the world. We estimated the OOP expenses for RTI in a large city in India. Information on medical and non-medical expenditure was documented for RTI cases of all ages that reported alive or dead to the emergency departments of two public hospitals and a large private hospital in Hyderabad. Differential risk of catastrophic OOP total expenditure (COPE-T) and medical expenditure (COPE-M), and distress financing was assessed for 723 RTI cases that arrived alive at the study hospitals with multiple logistic regression. Catastrophic expenditure was defined as expenditure | 25% of the RTI patients annual household income. Variation in intensity of COPE-M in RTI was assessed using multiple classification analysis (MCA). The median OOP medical and non-medical expenditure was USD 169 and USD 163, respectively. The prevalence of COPE-M and COPE-T was 21.9% (95% CI
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2004
For 2000-01, the preliminary estimate of total expenditure on health (including both public and private sectors) was $60.8b, compared with expenditure of $55.7b in the previous year (table 9.22). This represented an average rate of health expenditure in 2000-01 of $3,153 per person. In 2000-01, governments provided more than two-thirds (70%) of the funding for health expenditure, while the remaining 30% was provided by the private sector. Health expenditure in volume terms grew at an average annual rate of 4.4% between 1990-91 and 2000-01. In 2000-01, health expenditure as a proportion of gross domestic product was 9.0%. This ratio was 8.8% in 1999-2000, up from 8.7% in 1998-99. ...
Change in out-of-pocket spending as a share of total expenditure on health, 2000-12 - Financing of health care - Health at a...
This third edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and health care quality across 27 Asia/Pacific countries and economies. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and economies.. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate. It is a joint OECD and ...
Health expenditure as a share of GDP, 2000-11, selected European countries - Health expenditure in relation to GDP - Health at...
This seventh edition of Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in health costs, health activities and health results of health systems. Key health indicators provide information on health status including suicide and life expectancy, the determinants of health, health care activities and health expenditure and financing in OECD countries. Each health indicator in the book is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the health data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.. ...
Annual government health expenditure by age and service group | Zanran
Data & statistics on Annual government health expenditure by age and service group: Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Figures Figure 1 Economic case for investing in reducing the mental health burden Figure 2 Public mental health service utilisation and relative need for children and young people Figure 3 Average per capita expenditure per annum in specialist public mental health services by age group (2007) Figure 4 Commonwealth funded MBS average expenditure per capita Figure ..., Major features of the Korean Family Planning Program Percentage of contraceptive users among currently married women, ages 15-44, by area and by method: South Korea, 1971-94 Percentage of contraceptive users by method and source of services: South Korea, 1973-94 Government budgets for family planning (FP) and maternal and child health (MCH) programs: South Korea, 1975-96 Percentage change in the total ..., Analytical framework Human capital stream and indicative objectives and outcomes Composition of natural gas costs
Convergence and determinants of health expenditures in OECD countries | Health Economics Review | Full Text
It is expected, based on the available literature, that technology will be the major determinant of health expenditure. Much of the existing literature on this topic, though, suffers from the use of econometric techniques-such as standard ordinary least-squares (OLS) regression-to analyse time-series data. This is now known to be problematic as, typically, health expenditure (HE) and GDP are cointegrated . Modern time-series econometric techniques are able to overcome the possibly spurious results  that can be associated with regressing non-stationary cointegrated time-series. Given the statistical problems that beset the historical literature on this topic, it is interesting that research tends to confirm its long-standing and somewhat counter-intuitive result: technically (according to the standard economic definition), health care is a luxury. Specifically, spending in the health sector tends to rise at a faster rate than national income. Indeed the income elasticity of HE (i.e., ...
Knoema: Viz of the Day: Outpacing Growth of Health Expenditures
In 2010 expenditures on health in the USA amounted to $2 584 billion, which 2.5 times more than expenditures on health in all emerging countries taken together, or was equal to GDP of such developed country as France ...
Playing around with OECD health expenditure data (is US public health spending really higher than UK?) - Joe Mitchell
The OECD has loads of data on health expenditure in the 25 or so countries that make up the wealthy and democratic countries. Inspired by @bengoldacres arguments with someone on whether the Swiss govt provided better value healthcare than the UK govt, I wanted to go look at data on public health spending (i.e. not…
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002
For 1999-00, the preliminary estimate of total expenditure on health services (including both public and private sectors) was $53.7b, compared with expenditure of $51.0b in the previous year (table 9.29). This represented an average rate of health services expenditure in 1999-00 of $2,817 per person. In 1999-00, governments provided more than two-thirds (71%) of the funding for health expenditure, while the remaining 29% was provided by the private sector. Health expenditure in volume terms grew at an average annual rate of 4.0% between 1989-90 and 1999-00. In 1999-00, health services expenditure as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was 8.5%. The ratio was 8.6% in 1998-99, up from 8.4% in 1996-97 and 1997-98. ...
Pesquisa | Portal Regional da BVS
BACKGROUND: There is little systematic assessment of how total health expenditure is distributed across diseases and comorbidities. The objective of this study was to use statistical methods to disaggregate all publicly funded health expenditure by disease and comorbidities in order to answer three research questions: (1) What is health expenditure by disease phase for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in New Zealand? (2) Is the cost of having two NCDs more or less than that expected given the independent costs of each NCD? (3) How is total health spending disaggregated by NCDs across age and by sex? METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used linked data for all adult New Zealanders for publicly funded events, including hospitalisation, outpatient, pharmaceutical, laboratory testing, and primary care from 1 July 2007 to 30 June 2014. These data include 18.9 million person-years and $26.4 billion in spending (US$ 2016). We used case definition algorithms to identify if a person had any of six NCDs (cancer, ...
Worthwhile Canadian Initiative: New CIHI National Health Expenditure Numbers Out
The Canadian Institute for Health Information has released the latest version of its annual report on public and private health expenditure at both the provincial and federal levels. As always, the CIHI provides a wealth of health data and information...
Joint Committee on Finance, Public Expenditure and Reform, and Taoiseach debate - Thursday, 28 Nov 2019
Impact of Brexit on Irelands Economy: Economic and Social Research Institute Joint Committee on Finance, Public Expenditure and Reform, and Taoiseach debate - Thursday, 28 Nov 2019
Myanmar Public Expenditure Review: Realigning Budgets to Development Priorities
This first ever Public Expenditure Review (PER) for Myanmar tries to better understand Union Budget policies to accelerate delivery of essential public services.
Public Expenditure Management Volumes 1-6 Six Volumes in a Slip Case - Volume 1 Using Resources Well Sold Separately :...
Public Expenditure Management Volumes 1-6 Six Volumes in a Slip Case - Volume 1 Using Resources Well Sold Separately, 9780114300272, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
Hansard - Commons | Houses of Parliament - Archives (3rd May 2012): Bridget Phillipson: Written material by subject
Death: British Nationals Abroad [18 July 2011]. Defence: Procurement [14 December 2010]. Departmental Catering [10 January 2011]. Departmental Computers [8 November 2011]. Departmental Conditions of Employment [27 January 2011]. Departmental Conditions of Employment [25 January 2011]. Departmental Consultants [29 March 2011]. Departmental Film [31 March 2011]. Departmental Freedom of Information [7 November 2011]. Departmental Information Officers [3 March 2011]. Departmental Manpower [14 November 2011]. Departmental Manpower [4 November 2010]. Departmental Manpower [27 July 2010]. Departmental Official Cars [2 February 2011]. Departmental Official Hospitality [5 April 2011]. Departmental Photographs [28 February 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [22 March 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [16 March 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [9 March 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [2 February 2011]. Departmental Telecommunications [10 January 2011]. Departmental Travel [7 March ...
Kenya Household Health Expenditure and Utilisation Survey 2003 - Datasets - openAFRICA
This report presents analyses based on the Household Expenditure and Utilization Survey conducted in February/March 2003 in Kenya. The survey was part of an elaborate National Health Accounts (NHA) framework comprising the Household and Institutional Surveys. The central issues addressed by the Survey were the utilization, expenditure levels and the principal determinants for health care use as well as health insurance coverage. The , KHHEUS 2013 Survey was carried out by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and partners.. ...
How can we improve access and get more value from drug expenditures in Africa? | AfricaCan End Poverty
Medicines are key inputs for quality medical care and the prevention of disease, and when administered appropriately, as evidence from Sub-Saharan African countries shows, they can contribute significantly to reducing death rates due to conditions such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. But it is also obvious that not everybody in these countries, particularly the poor, enjoys this benefit, since limited access to essential drugs remains a key challenge in most health systems. High out-of-pocket expenditures, typically more than 40% of total health expenditures in some countries (a large portion for outpatient drugs), also place a heavy burden on poor families with chronically ill members who require daily drug intake.
PORDATA - Expenditure
Health expenditure as a % of GDP,Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of financing agent (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of financing agent (PPS),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of function (PPS),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type function (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of provider (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of provider (PPS),Health expenditure per inhabitant (Euro)
Out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care: a population-based study in low-income urban Medellin, Colombia<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care: a population-based study in low-income urban Medellin, Colombia. AU - Londoño Agudelo, Esteban. AU - García Fariñas, Anaí. AU - Pérez Ospina, Viviana. AU - Taborda Pérez, Cecilia. AU - Villacrés Landeta, Tatiana. AU - Battaglioli, Tullia. AU - Gómez Arias, Rubén. AU - Van der Stuyft, Patrick. N1 - FTX. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Background Hypertension requires life-long medical care, which may cause economic burden and even lead to catastrophic health expenditure. Objective To estimate the extent of out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care at a population level and its impact on households budgets in a low-income urban setting in Colombia. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Santa Cruz, a commune in the city of Medellin. In 410 randomly selected households with a hypertensive adult, we estimated annual basic household expenditure and hypertension-attributable out-of-pocket expenditure. For ...
Health Care Policy And Financing Annual Report On Hospital Expenditures | Colorado General Assembly
The bill directs the department to consult with the hospital provider fee oversight and advisory board on the development of the hospital expenditure report. The department may combine the hospital expenditure report with the advisory boards annual report on the hospital provider fee. The advisory board, using staff and analysis from the department, shall provide estimates for the payment-to-cost ratio and the cost-shift analysis portions of its report based on information provided to the department by hospitals.. The hospital expenditure report shall include, but not be limited to:. ...
National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 | Open Library
National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 by Barbara S. Cooper; 1 edition; First published in 1972; Subjects: Cost of Medical care, Medical economics; Places: United States
Healthcare Expenditure on Home Based Long Term Care (Health) by Household Out-of-Pocket Payment
Malta increased 15.6% of Healthcare Expenditure on Home Based Long Term Care (Health) by Household Out-Of-Pocket Payment in 2017, compared to the previous year.
Pakistan - Increase In Poverty Gap At $1.90 ($ 2011 PPP) Poverty Line Due To Out-of-pocket Health Care Expenditure (USD) - 2001...
Increase in poverty gap at $1.90 ($ 2011 PPP) poverty line due to out-of-pocket health care expenditure (USD) in Pakistan was reported at 0.21944 in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Pakistan - Increase in poverty gap at $1.90 ($ 2011 PPP) poverty line due to out-of-pocket health care expenditure (USD) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on September of 2020.
The generation game: all gain, no pain? Ageing, intergenerational equity and generational accounts
This paper tries to quantify the degree of intergenerational redistribution in Irish public expenditure. The development of a large public debt in the space of two decades, its rapid elimination and potential rise again in the next decades due to demographic changes is likely to result in an intergenerational transfer of resources. The paper utilises a database of public expenditure, together with the age incidence distribution of public expenditure to examine the generational net beneficiaries of public spending programs since the foundation of the state in 1921. Demographic and alternative economic scenarios are considered to estimate the lifetime net benefit from public expenditure. Finally the sustainability of current expenditure is examined through the creation of generational accounts ...
Cuba - Health Expenditure, Total (% Of GDP) - 1990-2014 Data | 2021 Forecast
Health expenditure, total (% of GDP) in Cuba was reported at 177 % in 2014, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Cuba - Health expenditure, total (% of GDP) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on June of 2021.
Dental Care - Fix Pension Poverty
Existing programs providing subsidised oral health care to older Australians are often inaccessible and unavailable.. Dental care is the second largest area of out-of-pocket health expenditure by Australians (19% of individuals recurrent health expenditure) after non-PBS medications. Australians pay 57% of the cost of dental care out of their own pockets, compared to 17.3% for all health services.. For many people on the Age Pension, especially those experiencing poverty, private health insurance is one of the essentials that must be dropped because they cannot afford the cost of living. This is particularly the case for people living on the Age Pension whilst renting. Only 16% of people over 65 who are renting have private health insurance coverage, compared to 46.8% of the general population.. ...
401(h) Retiree Health Accounts | MissionSquare Retirement
| The 401(h) Retiree Health Account, paired with your 401(a) Money Purchase Plan, helps you build assets for medical expenses on a tax-free basis.
Predicting expenditures for medicare beneficiaries with diabetes: A prospective cohort study from 1994 to 1996<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predicting expenditures for medicare beneficiaries with diabetes. T2 - A prospective cohort study from 1994 to 1996. AU - Krop, Julie S.. AU - Saudek, Christopher D.. AU - Weller, Wendy E.. AU - Powe, Neil R.. AU - Shaffer, Thomas. AU - Anderson, Gerard F.. PY - 1999/10/1. Y1 - 1999/10/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe health care expenditures and utilization patterns among older adults with diabetes and to examine factors associated with expenditures over a 3-year period. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of health care expenditures and utilization by diabetic patients from a random nationwide sample of aged Medicare beneficiaries from 1994 to 1996. All services covered by the Medicare program were examined. Multivariate regression was used to assess the contribution of patient characteristics in 1994 on Part B, inpatient, and total expenditures in 1995 and 1996. RESULTS: Per capita expenditures for beneficiaries with diabetes (n = 169,613) were ...
Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1984: Interview Survey
The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview panel survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary or record keeping survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Interview survey was designed to collect data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. The expenditures covered by the survey are those which respondents can recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. In general, these expenditures include relatively large purchases, such as those for property, automobiles, and major appliances, or expenditures which occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance ...
TENDENCIES IN MOVMENT OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURES FOR SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management...
The aim of activity is to present movement of expenditures for social assistance in Serbia for the past few years, as well as their comparison with developed countries. Also, it should assess role of expenditures in mitigating economic disparities and poverty, with aim to prove that social expenditures are not unproductive category, but an investment for a better future. However, Serbia is below European average in terms of mitigation of poverty, yet there are clear efforts undertaken by the state to resolve issue of poverty and enhance living standard of the population. For that purpose, the state has introduced and is implementing various social assistance programmes, aiming at lowering both absolute and relative poverty levels.. ...
Cell Therapy Blog: Cell Therapy Manufacturing Market
iv] This figure is based on calculations from the data used by Michael Lysaght, PhD, Professor and Director of the Center for Biomedical Engineering at Brown University, in publication of Lysaght M, Jaklenec A, Deweerd E: Great Expectations: Private Sector Activity in Tissue Engineering, Regenerative Medicine, and Stem Cell Therapeutics. Tissue Eng 14, 305. 2008. That data indicates that the average annual spending of companies categorized as commercial was $30 million. I then assumed that manufacturing represents 10% of annual expenditures based on the calculation that manufacturing represents between 8-15% of annual expenditures cited by Lysaght in the data. Annual expenditure for commercial-stage manufacturing does and will vary wildly depending on the type of product and the volume of production by as much, for example, as $1.5 million and $80 million for production of 20,000 products per year - the difference largely driven by the products being allogeneic versus autologous ...
Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1980-1981: Interview Survey
The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides detailed information on income and expenditures and also furnishes the Bureau of Labor Statistics with data needed to maintain and review the Consumer Price Index. The quarterly Interview Survey component of the CES was designed to gather data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. Expenditures examined in this survey are those which respondents could be expected to recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. Consumer units, which are roughly equivalent to households, are interviewed once per quarter for five consectutive quarters. The initial interview collects demographic and family characteristics data and an inventory of major durable goods for each consumer unit. Expenditures are collected in this interview using a one-month recall. They are used along with the inventory information to bound the expenditure responsed for subsequent interviews and to classify the unit for analysis. The bounding of ...
Diseases | Free Full-Text | The Impact of Economic Crisis on Chronic Patients Self-Rated Health, Health Expenditures and...
There is evidence that the economic crisis in Greece has substantially affected patients and health care services, with chronic patients forming a particularly vulnerable group. The aim of this study was to investigate whether and in what way the current economic environment has affected patients with selected chronic conditions. A cross sectional study was carried out with a sample size of 1200 patients suffering from hypertension, diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Following a large family income decrease (35.4%) in the last 3 years, chronic patients reported decreased spending for various expenditure categories in order to maintain their ability to finance their health care needs. Among the disease groups studied, statistically significant differences were found for self-rated heath (SRH), out-of pocket health expenditures, health services utilization and the perceived need for physician services. Although need for physician visits for issues related to the chronic condition
Malaysia - Medicine by Post to Boost Healthcare Expenditure | BMI RESEARCH
BMI View: Malaysias new patient-centric service of sending medicine by post is an innovative approach by the government to provide healthcare directly to consumers at their homes. The key concerns include the potential loss of pharmaceuticals during delivery. However, if carefully planned and executed, this programme could boost public expenditure on healthcare. Malaysia has introduced a new service of sending prescribed medicines by post. This service is catered to patients who need to consume pharmaceuticals on a continuous basis. This that registered patients do not have to wait at hospitals, clinics or pharmacies. Healthcare providers will also be able to give more attention to patients who require more immediate medical care. This is important considering that there is a chronic shortage of doctors in Malaysia. According to the deputy health minister in Malaysia, the doctor-patient ratio was 1:940 in 2009, lower than the 1:600 standard set by the World Health Organization (WHO).. The idea ...
New Report on National Health Expenditures Underscores Need for Comprehensive Health Care Reform - The Commonwealth Fund
Yesterday, researchers from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services reported that U.S. health spending reached $2.5 trillion in 2009, and that health cares share of the economy grew 1.1 percentage points to 17.3 percent-the largest one-year increase since the federal government began keeping track in 1960. In a written statement, Commonwealth Fund president Karen Davis said that these findings underscore the need for comprehensive health care reform that will help rein in the unsustainable spending growth that is placing an increasing burden on American families, businesses, and state and local governments ...
Impact of initial dialysis modality and modality switches on Medicare expenditures of end-stage renal disease patients
Initial modality choice (peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis) and subsequent modality switches had significant implications for Medicare expenditure on ESRD treatments.
Department of Health | The Dental System
45 The most recent published consolidated expenditure on dental is sourced from the AIHW. The most recent publication in October 2011 relates to 2009-10 expenditure.. Public consolidated expenditure on dental services is sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). The most recent publication in October 2011 relates to 2009-10 expenditure. In 2009-10, total expenditure on dental services in Australia was $7.690 billion. Of this, $4.698 billion was funded by individuals; $1.257 billion by the Commonwealth Government; $1.076 billion by private health insurance funds (which would be funded through the premiums of members); and $628 million by State and Territory Governments. Overall, individuals directly fund a significant proportion (61 per cent) of total expenditure, reflecting the structural nature of the dental system in which the vast majority of practising dentists and services are in the private sector. In terms of public sector financing, the Commonwealth is the ...
Ingrid Miljeteig | University of Bergen
More information in national current research information system (CRIStin). International publications in peer reviewed journals:. Miljeteig I, Defaye F, Desalegn D, Danis M. Clinical ethics dilemmas in a low-income setting - a national survey among physicians in Ethiopia. BMC Med Ethics. 2019. Miljeteig I, Defaye FB, Wakim P, Desalegn DN, Berhane Y, Norheim OF, Danis M. Financial risk protection at the bedside: How Ethiopian physicians try to minimize out-of-pocket health expenditures. PLoS One. 2019. McLean E, Desalegn DN, Blystad A, Miljeteig I. When the law makes doors slightly open: ethical dilemmas among abortion service providers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Med Ethics. 2019. Defaye FB, Danis M, Wakim P, Berhane Y, Norheim OF and Miljeteig I. Bedside rationing under resource contstraints - A national survey of Ethiopian physicians´ use of criteria for priority setting. American Journal of Bioethics - Empirical Bioethics. 2018. Onarheim KH, Melberg A, Meier BM, Miljeteig I. Towards ...
The Philippine Health Care Delivery System and Health Expenditure: Business & Management Book Chapter | IGI Global
The Philippine Health Care Delivery System and Health Expenditure: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7484-4.ch016: Health is recognized by the Philippine constitution as a basic human right. The Philippines, compared to most Asian countries, produces more and better human
How can pharma provide access to medicine in the worlds rising economies?
As our market access focus continues, Tara Prasad highlights the importance of global initiatives to help patients in the least developing countries gain access to medicine and discusses the role pharma plays in making this happen.. Driven by rapid growth and the demands of an expanding middle class, emerging economies that were previously characterized by low public expenditure on health and weak healthcare systems are now going through immense health reforms.. To give some notable examples, three of the largest emerging economies, Brazil, China and India, have put in place reforms with the objective of providing universal healthcare coverage. Meanwhile, Ghana has instituted a national health insurance system, which covers most of its population.. Spending on medicine in emerging markets is projected to nearly double by 2016, and developing countries are expected to significantly outstrip healthcare spending growth rates of developed countries. But while there are incentives to enter these ...
Exploring Socio-Economic and Built-Environment Determinants of Alcohol Expenditure for the City of Toronto: A Spatial Analysis...
Alcohol expenditures can provide a different perspective on alcohol use by providing an understanding of the consumer demand for alcohol, the effect of alcohol sales on the economy and the impact on the household budget. Previous studies have focused on alcohol expenditure at the individual-level and have not considered population level factors or the influences of geographical variation. The goal of this study was to examine the socio-economic and built-environment characteristics associated with alcohol expenditures at the small-area level in the City of Toronto. Alcohol expenditure data consisting of purchases in licensed premises and purchases in stores for the year 2010 were retrieved from the Survey of Household Spending (SHS) at the Dissemination Area (DA) level. Socio-economic and built-environment variables were retrieved from the 2006 Census of Canada and DMTI Enhanced Points of Interest (EPOI) data, respectively. Multivariate spatial regression models were used to analyze the ...
Idaho Projected State Health Expenditures by Program Type | Zanran
Data & statistics on Idaho Projected State Health Expenditures by Program Type: Marine Traffic Forecast - Fully Assembled Automobiles (1,000 short tons), Relative Size of Snake River Barge Volumes Snake River as a Share of Columbia River...
Consumer Expenditure Surveys FAQ
Nonresponse is a common problem in household surveys, particularly for questions regarding income. Nonresponse means that the respondent either does not know, or refuses to provide, the information requested. Prior to publication of the 2004 tables, the Consumer Expenditure Surveys handled nonresponse to income questions by publishing income data for complete income reporters only. To be classified as a complete income reporter, the respondent had to provide a value for at least one major source of income for the consumer unit. However, not all complete reporters provided a full accounting of income for all sources for which receipt was reported.. Starting in 2004, the Consumer Expenditure Surveys introduced multiple imputation to fill in the blanks resulting from nonresponse to income questions. In this method several estimates are made each time the respondent reports the receipt of, but no value for, a particular source of income. The estimates are made based on characteristics of the ...
Out-of-pocket health spending in 2016 increased at the fastest rate of growth since 2007 | cleveland.com
U.S. health care spending increased to $3.3 trillion in 2016, with out-of-pocket health care costs borne directly by consumers rising 3.9 percent - the fastest rate of growth since 2007.
Distribution of National Health Expenditures by Source of Payment, 1980, 2000, and 2014 | AHA
Noncommercial use of original content on www.aha.org is granted to AHA Institutional Members, their employees and State, Regional and Metro Hospital Associations unless otherwise indicated. AHA does not claim ownership of any content, including content incorporated by permission into AHA produced materials, created by any third party and cannot grant permission to use, distribute or otherwise reproduce such third party content. To request permission to reproduce AHA content, please click here.. ...
Equity in health financing of Guangxi after Chinas universal health coverage: evidence based on health expenditure comparison...
Our results demonstrate that there is a significant potential to improve the financial protection of rural Guangxi population through the expansion of NCMS from 2009 to 2013. In these five years, NCMS has raised its premium from 100 RMB to 340 RMB per person, and broaden its reimbursement scope both in inpatient and outpatient services. The dropping down of catastrophic health payments headcounts and the share of OOP in total payment provides evidence to the effectiveness of financial risk pooling intervention by NCMS, and this approach indeed help reduced the financial barriers to health care services.. The healthcare financing systems in Luchuan and Rongxian counties were found to be regressive. It was likely that the regressive nature of social insurance payments was the chief contributor to this since, even though all of the payments were disproportional, the absolute values of the Kakwani index for social insurance were bigger than for other payments (Table 1). The uneven distribution of ...
Measuring the Accuracy of Survey Responses Using Administrative Register Data: Evidence from Denmark
We show how Danish administrative register data can be combined with survey data at the individual level and used to validate information collected in the survey. Two examples illustrate the potential of combining survey and register data. First, expenditure survey records with information about total expenditure are merged with income tax records with information about income and wealth, which is used to impute total expenditure, then compared to the survey measure. Results suggest the two measures match each other well on average. Second, we compare responses to a one‐shot recall question about total gross personal income collected in another survey with tax records. Tax records hold detailed information about different types of income, which makes it possible to test whether response errors are related to the reporting of particular types of income. Results show bias in the mean, that the survey error has substantial variance, and that the errors are correlated with conventional covariates, ...
Hearings Before the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Commerce ... - United States. Congress. House. Committee on...
Hearings Before the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Commerce and Labor, House of Representatives on House Resolution No. 73 to Investigate the Fur-seal Industry of Alaska, Issue 14 ...
The clinical risk management. A case study
MANAGEMENT CONTROL - The clinical risk management. A case study ( The continuous increase in healthcare costs as regards GDP and the public expenditure reflects, on the one side, the growth of health demand due to the change in the global epidemiological landscape and, on the other side, a progressive rise in health costs, significantly influencing the sustainability of the world health system. The legislative measures adopted by many countries, primarily aiming at containing the public expenditure, have drawn the attention of academics and practitioners. The interest is focused on risk management because nowadays this process is considered necessary in healthcare public companies. The reason is that it allows, on the one hand, to reduce waste and, consequently, costs, and, on the other hand, to improve the results and the assistance quality offered. In this context, the aim of the study is twofold: i) to examine the clinical risk management in healthcare organizations; ii) to verify, through a case
Consumer Expenditures Survey Midyear Update News Release
For release: 10:00 a.m. (EDT), Wednesday, March 27, 2013 USDL-13-0541 Technical Information: (202) 691-6900 [email protected] www.bls.gov/cex Media Contact : (202) 691-5902 [email protected] CONSUMER EXPENDITURES MIDYEAR UPDATE -- JULY 2011 THROUGH JUNE 2012 AVERAGE Average expenditures per consumer unit(1) for July 2011 through June 2012 were 1.9 percent higher than the 2011 annual average, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This gradual rise in spending continued the increase reported for all of 2011. All major components of household spending except apparel increased over the 12 months ending in June 2012 compared to the 2011 annual average, as shown in table A. The 6.3-percent rise in cash contributions (including payments for support of college students, alimony and child support, and giving to charities and religious organizations) was the largest percentage increase among all major components. This was followed by a 4.6-percent increase in health care spending. Other ...
Mary Lou McDonald TD | Sinn Féin
Tel: (01) 727 7102. Email me. MARY LOU is Leader of Sinn Féin and Teachta Dála for the Dublin Central constituency. Mary Lou is married to Martin and they have two young children, Iseult and Gerard. She is proud to represent the people of Dublin Central where she has a reputation for hard work and championing the needs of her constituency both locally and nationally.. Prior to becoming Leader of Sinn Féin in February 2018 Mary Lou was Deputy Leader of the party. Following her election to the Dáil in 2011 Mary Lou was Sinn Féins Spokesperson for Public Expenditure and Reform and on her re-election in 2016 Sinn Féins All-Ireland Spokesperson for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention. She was a prominent member of the Public Accounts Committee between 2011 and 2017 holding Ministers and senior civil servants to account. She has also served on the Joint Oireachtas Committees for Public Expenditure and Reform and the Future of Mental Health.. She was an MEP for Dublin from 2004 to 2009 and ...
Mary Lou McDonald TD | Sinn Féin
Tel: (01) 727 7102. Email me. MARY LOU is Leader of Sinn Féin and Teachta Dála for the Dublin Central constituency. Mary Lou is married to Martin and they have two young children, Iseult and Gerard. She is proud to represent the people of Dublin Central where she has a reputation for hard work and championing the needs of her constituency both locally and nationally.. Prior to becoming Leader of Sinn Féin in February 2018 Mary Lou was Deputy Leader of the party. Following her election to the Dáil in 2011 Mary Lou was Sinn Féins Spokesperson for Public Expenditure and Reform and on her re-election in 2016 Sinn Féins All-Ireland Spokesperson for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention. She was a prominent member of the Public Accounts Committee between 2011 and 2017 holding Ministers and senior civil servants to account. She has also served on the Joint Oireachtas Committees for Public Expenditure and Reform and the Future of Mental Health.. She was an MEP for Dublin from 2004 to 2009 and ...
European Airport Retail Industry Examined in New Canadean Study Available at MarketPublishers.com
LONDON – The average expenditure of European travelers per visit to duty-free and duty paid airport retail outlets is USD 76 and USD 51 respectively. The average expenditure on food and beverages per visit to airport outlets is USD 14. Overall,...
Monitoring and evaluation as tools for enhancing public expenditure management in Ukraine :: Financial Theory & Practice
There are reasons to think that key elements of a performance-based budgeting methodology have already become a part of the mechanism for public expenditur
Socialist market economy
... health expenditures; research objectives, and so on. Generally speaking, included within compulsory planning are state-owned ... Cui points to the Chongqing experience with municipal state-owned enterprises enabling high social expenditure alongside low ...
William H. Wickham
Health Department. Taxes and Assessments. the City Prison. Markets. City Ordinances. City Record. Rapid Transit. Brooklyn ... Municipal Expenditures. Claims and Litigations. State Taxes. Public Works. Central Park. Docks. Public Buildings. Police ...
Millennium Challenge Corporation
"Health Expenditures Indicator". "Girls' Primary Education Completion Rate Indicator". "Primary Education Expenditures Indicator ...
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Research Expenditures: $163 million (FY 2012). Campuses. Main (Long) campus GSBS courtyard. ... The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, d/b/a UT Health San Antonio is an institute of health science ... UT Health San Antonio is the largest health sciences university in South Texas. UT Health San Antonio serves San Antonio and ... "Mission - UT Health San Antonio". uthscsa.edu.. *^ State of Texas,UT Health San Antonio. "HSC NEWS - Regents authorize $263 ...
Government spending in the United States
... health care and K12 education represent California's largest expenditures of state funds. The largest health care expenditure ... In addition, health care spending is focused on women's health services, treatment for addiction, and dentistry. As Table 1 ... Healthcare: Medicare (health insurance for the elderly) and Medicaid (health insurance for low-income individuals). Income ... "State and Local Expenditures". Urban Institute. 2011. Retrieved 2018-02-26. "U.S. Spends Less as Other Nations Invest More in ...
Obesity in Australia
Buchmueller, Thomas (1 April 2015). "Obesity and health expenditures. Evidence from Australia". Economics and Human Biology. 17 ... A recent study reported that based on figures from the National Health Survey and/or Australian Health Survey the prevalence of ... In the National Health Survey, obesity reports were fairly common across the board, with no major outliers. Victoria had the ... Health issues such as heart disease, obesity, and diabetes have lowered the life expectancy for Aboriginal Australians to 17 ...
Códigos de classificação JEL - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Government Expenditures and Health. JEL: H52 - Government Expenditures and Education. JEL: H53 - Government Expenditures and ... JEL: I1 - Health JEL: I10 - Geral. JEL: I11 - Analysis of Health Care Markets. JEL: I12 - Health Production: Nutrition, ... JEL: K32 - Environmental, Health, and Safety Law. JEL: K33 - International Law. JEL: K34 - Tax Law. JEL: K35 - Personal ... JEL: I18 - Government Policy; Regulation; Public health. JEL: I19 - Outros. JEL: I2 - Education ...
In 2011, health expenditures was 6.5% of GDP; the maternal mortality ratio was estimated at 300 deaths per 100000 live births ... Health. Main article: Health in Burkina Faso. In 2016, the average life expectancy was estimated at 60 for males and 61 ... "Globalis - an interactive world map - Burkina Faso - Central government expenditures on health". Globalis.gvu.unu.edu. Archived ... Central government spending on health was 3% in 2001. As of 2009[update], studies estimated there were as few as 10 ...
Healthcare in Cuba
Total health expenditure per capita 2,475 (Intl $) 2014 Total health expenditure as % of GDP 11.1 2014 ... National Health Systems of the World: The issues.. *^ Pan American Health Organization, Health situation in the Americas: Basic ... a b c The impact of the economic crisis and the US embargo on health in Cuba. American journal of public health. 1997 January. ... Health tourism. Cuba attracts about 20,000 paying health tourists, generating revenues of around $40 million a year ...
2018-19 Pakistan federal budget
1,100 billion for defence expenditures; a ten percent hike in salaries and pensions of civil and military employees; a health ... 25 billion were allocated for the health and medical sector under the Public Sector Development Programme, which would include ...
E-governance in the United States
National Government Expenditures and Health ; State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions ; Health ... With this piece of legislation, Healthcare.gov was created to provide a source for Americans to buy health insurance. Although ... people in the United States now have the ability to access any number of programs online from e-voting and health care to tax ... Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health Wilkesmann, Uwe (December 2013). "Effects of Transactional and Transformational ...
"OECD Factbook 2011-2012 (see Health -> Health Expenditure)". OECD Publishing. 2012. Archived from the original on 23 August ... In 2018, health and medical care represented around 11 per cent of GDP. Children aged 1-5 years old are guaranteed a place in a ... On health care, the country spent 10.0% of its total GDP, the 12th highest. Historically, Sweden provided solid support for ... The health care system in Sweden is financed primarily through taxes levied by county councils and municipalities. A total of ...
2010-11 Pakistan federal budget
The overall expenditure during 2010-11 had been estimated at Rs 2,423 billion of which the current expenditure was Rs 1,998 ... 16944.5 million for Health Division. Rs. 10873.7 million for Food and Agriculture Division. Rs. 3220.1 million for Industries ... Current expenditure showed an increase of 14.9% over the revised estimates of 2010-11, while development expenditure had been ... All non-developmental expenditures frozen. 40 billion to be distributed among people from Benazir Income Support Programme. ...
Spring Grove Area School District
The district's employee health insurance rate is set to increase by 15 percent. Finally the transportation contract called for ... Anticipated expenditures are over $60 million. A 4 percent salary increase in the teacher's union contract is contributing to $ ... The proposal must include estimated revenues and expenditures and the proposed tax rates. This proposed budget must be ... Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education. In December 2010 ...
Bangladesh Institute of Governance and Management
"Public health expenditure". New Age. Retrieved 24 December 2020. "Role of consumption in economic development". New Age. ...
NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019. "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take ... "NYC Prison Expenditure". Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas ... had 91,601 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 76.2 years. This is ... The nearest hospitals are NYC Health + Hospitals/Lincoln in Melrose and Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center in Claremont. Morrisania ...
Helen Timmons Henderson
... and Executive Expenditures. Her health, however, had begun to fail in the spring of 1925, and she returned to her parents' home ...
... of all health expenditures to a group that is paying 15% income tax. Exactly the same subsidy is achieved by giving a health ... Tax subsidies are also known as tax expenditures. Tax subsidies are one of the main explanations for why the American tax code ... Evidence from recent studies suggests that government expenditures on subsidies remain high in many countries, often amounting ... First, subsidies are a major instrument of government expenditure policy. Second, on a domestic level, subsidies affect ...
It aims to provide general insurance covering the Dutch population against special health care needs. AWBZ is mainly aimed at ... It finances most of the healthcare expenditures. It can cover: Nursing care such as medication and taking care of injuries. ... is a Dutch health care law that first came into effect in 1968. ...
Logan Elm High School
Total expenditures for 2006-2007 were $7,335.22. The current student body consists of 760 students. Of this group 72 attend the ... Subject area requirements include four English, three Social Studies, three Math, three Science, and a half credit of Health/ ...
Ogbu, Osita; Gallagher, Mark (1992). "Public expenditures and health care in Africa". Social Science & Medicine. 34 (6): 615- ... Ogbu, Osita; Gallagher, Mark (1991). "On Public Expenditures and Delivery of Education inSub-Saharan Africa". Comparative ...
"Health expenditure and financing". Stats.OECD.org. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2016. Retrieved 8 ... total expenditure on health care (including private sector spending) is 9.2% of GDP. In the 2018 census, 71.8% of New Zealand ... The total gross expenditure on research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP rose to 1.37% in 2018, up from 1.23% in ... ISBN 978-90-04-13899-5. Lange, Raeburn (1999). May the people live: a history of Māori health development 1900-1920. Auckland ...
"National Health Expenditure Trends". Canadian Institute for Health Information. MacVicar, Adam (September 5, 2019). "Sales tax ... Per capita Health Care Expenditure in Alberta compared to the National Average, in 1997 constant dollars, 1975 to 2019 The ... As the report noted "Alberta's annual expenditures would be $10.4 billion less if its per capita spending simply matched the ... Graveland, Bill (September 3, 2019). "Alberta panel says savings to be found in health, education changes". Global News via ...
"World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe". www.euro.who.int. Retrieved 3 December 2017. "Health Expenditure and ... The nation of Luxembourg collectively spent nearly 7% of its Gross Domestic Product on health, placing it among the highest ... "Consommation annuelle moyenne d'alcool par habitant, Catholic Ministry of Health" (PDF). sante.gouv.fr. 2007. Archived from the ... "Overview of the Healthcare System in Luxembourg". Health Management EuroStat. Retrieved 1 December 2017. "Culture". Ministère ...
Healthcare in Austria
"Expenditure on health care". European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. 2011. Hofmarcher, Maria ... Austria's health care system was given 9th place by the World Health Organization (WHO) in their mid-2000s (decade) ... "Austria Health Care & Long-Term Care Systems" (PDF). European Commission. 2016. Electronic Health Records Act (EHR-Act) Data ... European Observatory on Health Care Systems "The Health care Systems of the Individual Member States" (PDF). European ...
Neal Francis Lane
... health policy; tax and expenditure policy; Latin America, Mexico, Middle East, and China studies; drug policy; international ...
"How do health expenditures vary across the population?". Peterson-Kaiser Health System Tracker. Peterson Center on Healthcare ... Health and social outcomes In health care in the United States, in one instance 20% of patients have been found to use 80% of ... Occupational health and safety professionals use the Pareto principle to underline the importance of hazard prioritization. ... In health-care reform, the 20-80 solution - Contributo…". archive.li. 2 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2 August ...
Medicare dual eligible
Prescription Utilization and Expenditures". Health Services Research. 45 (1): 133-51. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6773.2009.01065.x. PMC ... The expenditures for both groups tracked each other. Frank, Richard (January 2013). "Using Shared Savings to Foster Coordinated ... Dual-eligibles are often in poorer health and require more care compared with other Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries. ... Dual-eligibles make up 14% of Medicaid enrollment, yet they are responsible for approximately 36% of Medicaid expenditures. ...
Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development
"Journal of Health Services Research & Policy. 18 (3): 182-185. doi:10.1177/1355819613476017. PMC 4107840. PMID 23595575.. ... program expenditures were made in European Currency Units; from FP6 onward budgets were in Euros. The values presented below ...
The expenditure per pupil and the student-teacher ratio were the best of any major school district in the nation. Many high ... DeBakey High School for Health Professions in Houston, Texas is a magnet school specializing in medical sciences ...
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Dept. of Health and ... The use of alternative medicine in the US has increased, with a 50 percent increase in expenditures and a 25 percent ... National Health Service in England (NHS), UK Dept. of Health. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-03-11.. ... According to mental health journalist Scott Lilienfeld in 2002, "unvalidated or scientifically unsupported mental health ...
Oregon Medicaid health experiment and controversy. Main article: Oregon Medicaid health experiment ... If the federal match expenditure is also counted, the program, on average, takes up 22% of each state's budget. Some 43 ... "Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Offer Free Or Low-Cost Health Coverage To Children And Families" ( ... The lottery enabled studies to accurately measure the impact of health insurance on an individual's health and eliminate ...
Códigos de classificação JEL - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Government Expenditures and Health. JEL: H52 - Government Expenditures and Education. JEL: H53 - Government Expenditures and ... JEL: I1 - Health JEL: I10 - Geral. JEL: I11 - Analysis of Health Care Markets. JEL: I12 - Health Production: Nutrition, ... JEL: K32 - Environmental, Health, and Safety Law. JEL: K33 - International Law. JEL: K34 - Tax Law. JEL: K35 - Personal ... JEL: I18 - Government Policy; Regulation; Public health. JEL: I19 - Outros. JEL: I2 - Education ...
Health in Nepal
Approximately 70% of health expenditures came from out-of-pocket contributions. Government allocation for health care was ... The demand for health services is further lowered by the lack of health education. Reproductive health care is neglected, ... Rural health facilities often lack adequate funding. In 2003, Nepal had ten health centers, 83 hospitals, 700 health posts, and ... Nepal Health Profile World Health Organisation data (2010) "Health for all". My Republica. Archived from the original on 9 ...
Healthcare in Brazil
Health sector expenditureEdit. In 1998 national health expenditure amounted to US$62,000 million, which corresponded to nearly ... which assigns specific responsibilities to the health and agriculture sectors. In the health sector, health inspection ... Health sector reformEdit. The current legal provisions governing the operation of the health system, instituted in 1996, seek ... National health policies and plans: The national health policy is based on the Federal Constitution of 1988, which sets out the ...
Berlin Brandenburg Airport
By late 2012 expenditures for Berlin Brandenburg Airport totalled €4.3 billion, more than half as much again as the originally ... citing health concerns. ...
Ohio State University
Research expenditures at Ohio State were $720 million in 2007. In 2006, Ohio State announced it would designate at least $110 ... Services supporting student wellness include the Wilce Student Health Center, named for university physician John Wilce, The ... Ohio State's research expenditures for 2006 were $652 million, placing it 7th among public universities and 11th overall, also ...
North-South divide in the United Kingdom
Health conditions, which are generally seen as being worse in the north, though spending on health care is higher  ... Government expenditure per person, which is higher (both in gross terms and relative to tax revenues), in the North than the ... For example, a report in 2001 found that North East England, North West England and Scotland had poorer health levels than ... "Is there a north-south divide in social class inequalities in health in Great Britain? Cross sectional study using data from ...
Bengal famine of 1943
The UK agreed to pay for defence expenditures over and above the amount that India had paid in peacetime (adjusted for ... the crisis overwhelmed the provision of health care and key supplies: food relief and medical rehabilitation were supplied too ... These enormous public expenditures increased demand, leading to price inflation across India, especially in Bengal. ... printing the currency that paid for all these massive defence expenditures. The tremendous rise in nominal money supply coupled ...
"Whale poop pumps up ocean health". 12 October 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2011.. ... "Whale Watching Worldwide: tourism numbers, expenditures and expanding economic benefits" (PDF). International Fund for Animal ... blind sperm whales have been caught in perfect health. The behaviour of Kogiids remains largely unknown, but, due to their ...
Spencer RL, Hutchison KE (1999). "Alcohol, aging, and the stress response". Alcohol Research & Health. 23 (4): 272-83. PMID ... and energy storage and expenditure. It is the common mechanism for interactions among glands, hormones, and parts of the ... promoting positive health effects such as wound healing. ... Mind-Body-Health.net page on HPA axis. *HPA Axis: Explanation ... "A Possible Change Process of Inflammatory Cytokines in the prolonged Chronic Stress and its Ultimate Implications for Health" ...
Rein, DB (13 December 2013). "Vision problems are a leading source of modifiable health expenditures". Investigative ... a b c World Health Organization[full citation needed] *^ a b Kirchner, C., Stephen, G. & Chandu, F. (1987). "Estimated 1987 ... a b c Morello, C. M. "Etiology and Natural History of Diabetic Retinopathy: An Overview." American Journal of Health-System ... Health effectsEdit. Visual impairments may take many forms and be of varying degrees. Visual acuity alone is not always a good ...
肥胖症 - 维基百科，自由的百科全书
Lifetime Medical Costs of Obesity: Prevention No Cure for Increasing Health Expenditure. PLoS Med. (Comparative Study). 2008-02 ... Breslow L. Public Health Aspects of Weight Control. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1952-09, 42 (9): 1116-20. PMC 1526346. ... 英國皇家內科醫學院、公共衛生學院（英语：Faculty of Public Health）與皇家兒科暨兒童健康學院（英语：Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health）於2004年發表《堆積如山的問題》（ ... National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence(NICE).
2008 California Proposition 2
The Truth About Proposition 2: Putting Our Food Safety & Public Health At Risk[permanent dead link] - an anti-proposition ... "American Egg Board Faces Lawsuit Over Illegal Political Expenditures in Opposition To California Anti-Cruelty Initiative". ... "The Public Health Benefits of Proposition 2: An Evidence-Based Analysis" (PDF). yesonprop2.com. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-21.. ... Health and food safety. Animals under stress, including the stress of intensive confinement, have compromised immune ...
Economic analysis can be applied throughout society, in real estate, business, finance, health care, engineering ... Fiscal policy (e.g., tax cut and/or government expenditure increase) has a significant stimulative impact on a less than fully ... Tarricone, Rosanna (2006). "Cost-of-illness analysis". Health Policy. 77 (1): 51-63. doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2005.07.016. PMID ... Public finance is the field of economics that deals with budgeting the revenues and expenditures of a public sector entity, ...
World Health Organization. Retrieved 26 January 2020.. . *^ For example: Nicholls, Andrew D. (1999). "Kings, Courtiers, and ... 8 April 2009). "Measuring Rates of Return for Lobbying Expenditures: An Empirical Case Study of Tax Breaks for Multinational ... Public health must also contend with Big Food, Big Soda, and Big Alcohol. All of these industries fear regulation, and protect ... In 2013, the director general of the World Health Organization, Margaret Chan, illustrated the methods used in lobbying against ...
... which negatively affected her mental health. She described her state of mind shortly after Francis's death: "I hardly know ... but also help cover the national expenditure in peace or war. ...
Rankings of universities in the United Kingdom
"Facilities spending" - the average expenditure per student on sports, careers services, health and counselling; ... "Academic services spend" (weight 0.5) - the expenditure per student on all academic services (data source: Higher Education ... "Library and computing spending" - the average expenditure on library and computer services per student (data source: HESA); ... "Facilities spend" (weight 0.5) - the expenditure per student on staff and student facilities (data source: HESA); ...
United States Department of State
Audit of expenditures. The Department of State's independent auditors are Kearney & Company. Since in FY 2009 Kearney ... Office of the United States Global AIDS Coordinator and Health Diplomacy. *Office of Global Partnerships ... Expenditures. In FY 2010 the Department of State, together with 'Other International Programs' (for example, USAID), had ...
Cabinet of Australia
The Expenditure Review Committee (ERC) considers matters of regarding expenditure and revenue of the Australian federal budget ... the Minister for Health, the Minister for Education and Training, the Cabinet Secretary, and the Assistant Minister for Health ... the Minister for Health, the Cabinet Secretary, the Minister for Education and Training, the Minister for the Environment and ... the Minister for Health, the Cabinet Secretary, the Minister for Revenue and Financial Services, the Minister for Human ...
Mental health impact. Living near urban forests have shown positive impacts on mental health. As an experimental mental ... Quantification of the economic benefits of trees helps justify public and private expenditures to maintain them. One of the ... Community health impact. Urban forests offer many benefits to their surrounding communities. Removing pollutants and ... Most particulate pollution begins as smoke or diesel soot and can cause serious health risk to people with heart and lung ...
"National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 2015-03-16.. *^ "Project Information". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 2015- ... "NSF Award Search: Award#0343917 - Homeostatic and Circadian Control of Energy Expenditure". National Science Foundation.. ... and the National Institutes of Health. According to Google Scholar, his four most cited articles as of January ...
... although this must be applied for separately from the Health Service Executive) which provides free health care, optical care, ... A high unemployment rate shrinks UI tax revenues and increases expenditures on benefits. State UI finances and the need for ... Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) - This institution insures workers in the formal sector, providing pensions and health ... The Cabinet Papers 1915-1982: National Health Insurance Act 1911. The National Archives, 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013. ...
Green Party of England and Wales
"Green Party leader Natalie Bennett: Drugs misuse a 'health issue' not a 'criminal one'". ITV.com. ITV News. 1 December 2014. ... 770,495 with expenditure of £889,867. Membership increased rapidly in 2014, more than doubling in that year. On 15 ... The green quality of life guarantee addresses social issues such as housing, the National Health Service, education, ... as well as offering a place for drug users to access health and treatment services. The party supports devolving the ...
Health in India
OOP can be reduced only by increasing public expenditure on health and by setting up widespread public health service providers ... The expenditure on health should increased to 2.5 per cent of GDP by the end of Twelfth Five Year Plan. Financial and ... Health sector expenditure by central government and state government, both plan and non-plan, will have to be substantially ... ISBN 978-1-137-49661-4. "Health expenditure, total (% of GDP)". World Bank. Retrieved 1 April 2015. Rieff, David (11 October ...
Institute for Local Self-Reliance
HBN is a network of green building professionals, environmental and health activists, socially responsible investment advocates ... a higher rate than from any other household expenditure. ILSR testified before a utility regulatory commission in favor of ... and others who promote healthier building materials as a means of improving public health and preserving the global environment ...
List of countries with universal health care
National Health Expenditure Trends, 1975-2007 Archived February 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Canadian Institute for Health ... G20 Health Care: "Health Care Systems and Health Market Reform in the G20 Countries." Prepared for the World Economic Forum by ... 4 2008; Finland health system review" (PDF). Retrieved January 9, 2015.. *^ a b c d Järvelin, Jutta (2002). "Health Care ... Main article: Health in Hong Kong. Hong Kong has early health education, professional health services, and well-developed ...
FastStats - Health Expenditures
Total national health expenditures: $3.6 trillion (2018). *Total national health expenditures as a percent of Gross Domestic ... Percent of national health expenditures for hospital care: 32.7% (2018). *Percent of national health expenditures for nursing ... Percent of national health expenditures for prescription drugs: 9.2% (2018). Source: Health, United States, 2019, table 45 pdf ... Health Care and Insuranceplus icon *Access to Health Care. * Ambulatory and Hospital Careplus icon *Ambulatory Care Use and ...
Health Expenditure - OCDE
OECD spending on health as a share of GDP remained at around 8.8% on average in 2017, according to OECD Health Statistics 2019 ... Latest OECD figures on health spending show that health spending grew by less than 2% in 2017 with provisional estimates ... Health Expenditure. Latest OECD figures on health spending show that health spending grew by less than 2% in 2017 with ... Public funding of health care - Policy Brief, February 2020. *Chapter 7 on Health Expenditure in Health at a Glance 2019: OECD ...
Health and Hospital Expenditures | Urban Institute
... but it includes some Medicaid spending under the health and hospital expenditure category. ... State and Local Backgrounders Homepage Spending on health and hospitals includes spending on community and public health ... Health program expenditures include services such as mental health and substance abuse programs, county health department ... Notably, the growth in health and hospital expenditures roughly tracked the growth for non-health and hospital expenditures ...
Managed Care and Health Care Expenditures: Evidence From Medicare
... Laurence C. Baker, Sharmila Shankarkumar. NBER Working Paper ... Published: Managed Care and Health Care Expenditures: Evidence from Medicare, 1990 to 1994, Laurence C. Baker, Sharmila ... NBER Program(s):Health Care Program Increases in the activity of managed care organizations are likely to have a number of ... in Frontiers in Health Policy Research, Volume 1, Garber. 1998. Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:. Cohen ...
Understanding Cross-country Differences in Health Status and Expenditures
TFP and other health risks in explaining cross-country differences in health expenditure (as a share of GDP) and health status ... Understanding Cross-country Differences in Health Status and Expenditures. Raquel Fonseca, François Langot, Pierre-Carl Michaud ... Bulletin on Health including Archive of Lists of Affiliates Work in Medical and Other Journals with Pre-Publication ... Archives of Bulletin on Aging and Health. Digest - Non-technical summaries of 4-8 working papers per month. Reporter - News ...
Global Health Expenditure Database
... Data ExplorerVisualisationsDocumentation CentreHelpSearch The Global Health Expenditure ... GHED is the source of the health expenditure data republished by the World Bank and the WHO Global Health Observatory. To mark ... The disease/programme expenditure chapter studies spending on infectious disease, NCDs, reproductive health and immunization, ... The report examines the potential effects on health expenditure of the COVID-19 pandemic, given its devastating impact on ...
public expenditure in health
... catastrophic health expenditures, disease prevention, health exclusion, health financing, health promotion, health systems ... a) Public health expenditure and its weight in total expenditure. Considering the universal health strategys public health ... as well as lower out-of-pocket health expenditure. Thus, public health expenditure is essential for improving health outcomes ... Health Economics Review 2012;2:22.. 20. Nixon J, Ulmann P. The relationship between health care expenditure and health outcomes ...
health care expenditures | Fraser Institute
health care spending, health-care, health care expenditures, aging population, senior citizens, health care canada ... health care, germany, health care in germany, german health care, health care lessons from germany, medicare, german health ... health care expenditures. March 25, 2021 1:00AM Aging and Expenditures on Health Care. ... swiss health care, japanese health care, german health care, australian health care ...
Policy and Health in Asia: Financing and Allocating Public Expenditures | RAND
... by John Peabody and colleagues takes a closer look at this issue in Asia and proposes that governments intervene in the health ... Policy and Health in Asia. Financing and Allocating Public Expenditures. by John Peabody, Omar Rahman, Paul Gertler, Joyce Mann ... How countries finance and allocate public expenditures determines how they meet their populations health needs. ... Governments intervene in the health sector for three key reasons. First, they intervene to provide health services that are " ...
Average Annual Percent Change in National Health Expenditures, 1960-2011 | KFF
Average Annual Percent Change in National Health Expenditures, 1960-2011. Average Annual Percent Change in National Health ... KFF Health Tracking Poll - October 2020: The Future of the ACA and Bidens Advantage On Health Care ... National Health Expenditures by type of service and source of funds, CY 1960-2011; file nhe2011.zip). ... Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization ...
Total National Health Expenditures, $1.88 Trillion - The Commonwealth Fund
Surveys & Data ChartCart Total National Health Exp... Total National Health Expenditures, $1.88 Trillion. Items in My ChartCart ... Harkness Fellowships in Health Care Policy and Practice * Association of Health Care Journalists Reporting Fellowships on ... The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved ... FEATURED:By Reducing the Income of Poorer Americans, the Senate Tax Bill May Worsen Health Outcomes ...
Health care expenditures for Medi... preview & related info | Mendeley
Although haemophilia is an expensive disorder, no studies have estimated health care costs for Americans with haemophilia ... Health care expenditures for Medicaid-covered males with haemophilia in the United States, 2008. *Guh S ... Further research is needed to understand the effects of public health insurance on haemophilia care and expenditures, to ... The objective of this study is to provide information on health care utilization and expenditures for publicly insured people ...
National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 | Open Library
National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 by Barbara S. Cooper; 1 edition; First published in 1972; Subjects: Cost ... health_expenditures_calendar_years_1929-70 ,title = National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 ,publication-date = ... National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 by Barbara S. Cooper and Nancy L. Worthington. Published 1972 by U.S. Dept ... Are you sure you want to remove National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 from your list? ...
Health expenditures by country - Thematic Map - World
The map displayed here shows how Health expenditures varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude ... Definition: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined ... Description: The map displayed here shows how Health expenditures varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to ...
Health care expenditures and longevity: is there a Eubie Blake effect? | SpringerLink
It is still an open question whether increasing life expectancy as such causes higher health care expenditures (HCE) in a ... Stearns, S., Norton, E.: Time to include time to death? The future of health care expenditure predictions. Health Econ. 13(4), ... Bech, M., Christiansen, T., Khoman, E., Lauridsen, J., Weale, M.: Ageing and health care expenditure in EU-15. Eur. J. Health ... Zweifel, P., Felder, S., Meier, M.: Ageing of population and health care expenditure: a red herring?. Health Econ. 8(6), 485- ...
Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis. - PubMed - NCBI
Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. We investigated the extent of catastrophic health expenditure as a first step to ... People, particularly in poor households, can be protected from catastrophic health expenditures by reducing a health systems ... Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis.. Xu K1, Evans DB, Kawabata K, Zeramdini R, Klavus J, Murray ... variables associated with catastrophic health expenditure. We defined expenditure as being catastrophic if a households ...
Out-of-Pocket Health Expenditure in Thailand
... was 12 Percent of Health Expenditure. Discover more data with NationMaster! ... How does Thailand rank in Out-Of-Pocket Health Expenditure?. #. 192 Countries. Percent of Health Expenditure. Last. YoY. 5‑ ... Percent of Health Expenditure - 1995 to 2014. Since 2009, Thailand Out-Of-Pocket Health Expenditure decreased by 5points year ... the country was number 158 among other countries in Out-Of-Pocket Health Expenditure at 11.92 Percent of Health Expenditure. ...
Survey of Health Services Utilization and Expenditures, 1970
... health behavior, health care costs, health care services, health expenditures, health insurance, health policy, hospitalization ... Health Services and Mental Health Administration. . DHEW (HSM) 73-3004, Health Services and Mental Health Administration. ... Survey of Health Services Utilization and Expenditures, 1970 (ICPSR 7740) Principal Investigator(s): Center for Health ... SURVEY OF HEALTH SERVICES UTILIZATION AND EXPENDITURES, 1970. Conducted by University of Chicago, Center for Health ...
Expenditure on health
National estimates of mental health utilization and expenditures for children in 1998 | SpringerLink
No recent national data on expenditures and utilization are available to provide a benchmark for reform of mental health ... Mental Health Health System Health Promotion Health Psychology Disease Prevention These keywords were added by machine and not ... U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. National health interview survey; 1998 [ ... Direct costs and expenditures for mental health in the United States.Hospital and Community Psychiatry. 1985;36(2):165-168. ...
Colonoscopies Explain Why U.S. Leads the World in Health Expenditures - The New York Times
... a more significant factor in the nations annual health care bill may be the high price tag of ordinary services. ... "The U.S. just pays providers of health care much more for everything," said Tom Sackville, chief executive of the health plans ... Many other countries deliver health care on a private fee-for-service basis, as does much of the American health care system, ... A list of drug, scan and procedure prices compiled by the International Federation of Health Plans, a global network of health ...
Income Distribution, Infant Mortality, and Health Care Expenditure
... cient becomes insignificant when we control for public health care expenditure. Low public expenditure on health care seems to ... We use infant mortality as a health status indicator and ?nd a signi?cant and positive link between infant mortality and income ... translate into limited access to health care for the poor. ... Do health outcomes depend on relative income as well as on an ... cient becomes insignificant when we control for public health care expenditure. Low public expenditure on health care seems to ...
Public Health expenditure - Freedom of information
Public Health expenditure. Posted on 7 September 2017. in finance, public health ... Obesity - adults - net current expenditure by the local authority on public health interventions whose intention is to lead to ... Smoking and tobacco - Stop smoking services and interventions - net current expenditure by the local authority on public health ... Physical activity - adults - net current expenditure by the local authority on public health interventions whose intention is ...
Analysis of Texas Health Care Expenditures: 1994-2000 | The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
Rural Health Clinics: Rising Program Expenditures Not Focused on Improving Care in Isolated Areas
GAO discussed its recent report on the Rural Health Clinic (RHC) program, one of the few federal programs that addresses ... Community health servicesEconomically depressed areasEligibility criteriaHealth care cost controlHealth care programsHealth ... Rural Health Clinics: Rising Program Expenditures Not Focused on Improving Care in Isolated Areas ... Rural Health Clinics: Rising Program Expenditures Not Focused on Improving Care in Isolated Areas ...
Chart 1.2: Percent Change in Total National Health Expenditures, 1994 - 2014 | AHA
Trends in the Overall Health Care Market Chart 1.2: Percent Change in Total National Health Expenditures, 1994 - 2014 ... Trendwatch Chartbook 2016 Trends Affecting Hospitals and Health Systems - ... Trends in the Overall Health Care Market. Chart 1.2: Percent Change in Total National Health Expenditures, 1994 - 2014 ... Health Care: The Big Picture. Health care makes up approximately one-sixth of the U.S. economy and impacts everyone directly as ...
Health Expenditure Financing as Incentive for Participation in ROSCAs
The probit model estimation supports this hypothesis and also suggests that savings from ROSCAs used for preventive health ... membership in such associations were useful for financing extraordinary as well as unexpected expenses related to health needs ... Keywords: ROSCAs; health expenditures; informal health financing; vulnerability; Mexico; Find related papers by JEL ... The probit model estimation supports this hypothesis and also suggests that savings from ROSCAs used for preventive health ...
Costa Rica - Health expenditure, public (% of GDP)
Home , Countries , Costa Rica , Health , Health systems. Costa Rica - Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Health expenditure ... Original Source Notes: All the health expenditure indicators refer to expenditures by financing agent except external resources ... Definition: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, ... Source: World Health Organization Global Health Expenditure database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database for the most recent ...
Health Expenditure Growth 1980-2005 for Selected Categories of Expenditures - The Commonwealth Fund
Health Expenditure Growth... Health Expenditure Growth 1980-2005 for Selected Categories of Expenditures. Items in My ChartCart ... Harkness Fellowships in Health Care Policy and Practice * Association of Health Care Journalists Reporting Fellowships on ... The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved ... Sign up to receive e-alerts and newsletters on the health policy topics you care about most. ...
Medical expendituresOECDUpdated information on health care expenditures2017199720192018Trillion2000MedicareAnnual health care expendituresDeterminants of health cFindings2020OutcomesWorld Health OrganRelationship between health-care expenditure2001AbstractGrowthLife expectancyHigher health care expenditureService expenditures1996Total expenditure on healthProgram expendituresRecurrent and capitalCalculating per-capita1994Inpatient1998Government ExpendituresIndicatorsHealthcareCapita governmentPopulationSouth AfricaServices utilizationUtilization and expenditureEstimateGrossIncreasesPublic health1995NationalPercentCatastrophic expenditureEstimatesDataEvidence
- Data from the MarketScan Medicaid Multi-State, Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases were used for the period 2004-2008 to identify cases of haemophilia and to estimate medical expenditures during 2008. (mendeley.com)
- The MEPS is a household survey of medical expenditures weighted to represent national estimates. (nih.gov)
- The objective of this article is to illustrate the usefulness of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data for examining variations in medical expenditures for people with multiple chronic conditions (MCC). (cdc.gov)
- We analyzed 2009 MEPS data to produce estimates of treated prevalence for MCC and associated medical expenditures for adults in the US civilian noninstitutionalized population (sample = 24,870). (cdc.gov)
- The objective of this article is to provide descriptive estimates that illustrate the usefulness of MEPS data for examining variations in medical expenditures for people with MCC. (cdc.gov)
- In terms of medical expenditures, diabetes was a leading economic burden among heart disease, cancer, asthma, and hypertension in 2010 ( 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- The impact of WHI trial on disease-associated medical expenditures attributable to subsequent decreased ET utilization has, however, not been measured. (healthpartners.com)
- Therefore, the objective of this analysis was to quantify the age-specific disease-associated medical expenditures attributable to reduced ET utilization after the WHI Hormone Therapy (HT) trials. (healthpartners.com)
- The primary outcomes were: ET utilization, chronic diseases (breast cancer, stroke, coronary heart disease, colorectal cancer, pulmonary embolism, and hip fracture) and disease-associated direct medical expenditures. (healthpartners.com)
- Latest OECD figures on health spending show that health spending grew by less than 2% in 2017 with provisional estimates pointing to around 2.5% growth in 2018. (oecd.org)
- OECD spending on health as a share of GDP remained at around 8.8% on average in 2017, according to OECD Health Statistics 2019 , updated in November 2019. (oecd.org)
- The OECD Manual A System of Health Accounts (SHA, revised edition March 2017) provides a standard framework for producing a set of comprehensive, consistent and internationally comparable accounts to meet the needs of public and private-sector health analysts and policy-makers. (oecd.org)
- OECD spending on health care grew by an average of 2.0% in 2017 - a marked decrease from the 3.3% growth observed in 2015 and 2016 and significantly below the rates experienced before the crisis. (oecd.org)
- In 2017, they financed around 71% of health expenditure across the OECD. (oecd.org)
- Across OECD countries, the share of public funding on health in total government expenditure stands now at 15%, up from 14% in 2005. (oecd.org)
- The publication Fiscal Sustainability of Health Systems: Bridging Health and Finance Perspectives provides a detailed overview of institutional frameworks for financing health care in OECD countries. (oecd.org)
- It offers a comprehensive mapping of budgeting practices and governance structures in health across OECD countries. (oecd.org)
- The USA has exceptional levels of health-care expenditure, but growth slowed dramatically in recent years, amidst major efforts to close the coverage gap with other countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (oecd.org)
- We reviewed expenditure trends and key policies since 2000 in the USA and five other high-spending OECD countries. (oecd.org)
- The United States rank first in the OECD for health care expenditure, but last for coverage. (oecd.org)
- at the same time, health care expenditure growth rates fell in line with those of other high-spending OECD countries. (oecd.org)
- Although health expenditure as a share of GDP may have increased for many countries, pharmaceutical expenditure as a share of health expenditure has declined in the last 15 years for many of the leading OECD economies, and most particularly since 2008. (abpi.org.uk)
- The OECD defines pharmaceutical spending as expenditure on prescription medicines and self-medication, often referred to as over-the-counter products. (abpi.org.uk)
- Figure 1 plots life expectancy against health expenditure for 30 OECD countries in 1970 and 2005. (voxeu.org)
- Objective To examine variations in health service expenditures and social services expenditures across Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries and assess their association with five population-level health outcomes. (bmj.com)
- Design A pooled, cross-sectional analysis using data from the 2009 release of the OECD Health Data 2009 Statistics and Indicators and OECD Social Expenditure Database. (bmj.com)
- Among 35 countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 2014, the latest year for which comparable data is available, spending per person on health care remained highest in the United States (CA$11,126). (typepad.com)
- This is revealed by the revised 'Health Data 2013' document from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (zvei.org)
- The average health expenditure by all OECD states is 9.3 percent of their GDP for health services. (zvei.org)
- At the same time, Germany is in only ninth place among OECD countries for per capita health expenditure at USD 4.495. (zvei.org)
- With 11.4 practising health carers per 1000 inhabitants, Germany is above the OECD average of 8.7. (zvei.org)
- Life expectancy has been increasing over the last decades in most of the OECD countries thanks to improved living conditions, more intensive health care and as a result of progress in medical care. (zvei.org)
- The OECD database is the most comprehensive source for comparative data on health condition and health systems in the 34 OECD countries. (zvei.org)
- This is a list of OECD nations, and their health expenditure by type of financing. (wikipedia.org)
- Health at a Glance 2019 : OECD Indicators.From the OECD iLibrary. (wikipedia.org)
Updated information on health care expenditures1
- There is a lack of updated information on health care expenditures and expenditure patterns for individuals with back pain in the United States. (chiro.org)
- Health spending as a share of GDP was 8.8%, on average, in 2017 - the same level since 2013 as overall growth in health spending has closely followed overall economic growth. (oecd.org)
- At 17.1% of GDP, health spending in 2017 was highest in the United States, and significantly more than Switzerland (12.3%) and France (11.3%), the second and third highest spenders. (oecd.org)
- The total health expenditure (THE) worldwide increased from US$ 7.6 trillion in 2016 to US$ 7.8 trillion in 2017. (globalrph.com)
- This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions and the environment index, as well as economic and non-economic factors such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, foreign direct investment, population aging, and secondary education impacts on per capita government and private health expenditures in 13 emerging economies for the time period of 1994-2017. (nih.gov)
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019, Health expenditure Australia 2017-18 , AIHW, Canberra. (aihw.gov.au)
- To estimate inpatient, outpatient, emergency department, and pharmacy expenditures related to back and neck problems in the United States from 1997 through 2005 and to examine associated trends in health status. (nih.gov)
- Age- and sex-adjusted analysis of the nationally representative Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) from 1997 to 2005 using complex survey regression methods. (nih.gov)
- Total estimated expenditures among respondents with spine problems increased 65% (adjusted for inflation) from 1997 to 2005, more rapidly than overall health expenditures. (nih.gov)
- Age- and sex-adjusted self-reported measures of mental health, physical functioning, work or school limitations, and social limitations among adults with spine problems were worse in 2005 than in 1997. (nih.gov)
- These spine-related expenditures have increased substantially from 1997 to 2005, without evidence of corresponding improvement in self-assessed health status. (nih.gov)
- This paper aims to analyse the determinants of health care utilization and catastrophic expenditure in Argentina using 1997 data from two household surveys. (who.int)
- RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey from 1997 to 2000, and the NHIS Linked Mortality Public-use Files with a mortality follow-up to 2006 were used to estimate age-, race-, sex-, and BMI-specific risk of diabetes, mortality, and annual health care expenditures for both patients with diabetes and those without diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- A report published today (Wednesday 16 March) reveals that while public expenditure on health care in England more than doubled between 1997 and 2010, the impact on health system performance has been variable. (lse.ac.uk)
- Drawing on a detailed analysis of the changes to health care introduced by a series of Labour governments between 1997 and 2010, the report's author gives his assessment of the impact that these changes have had in terms of access, equity, efficiency, quality and health outcomes. (lse.ac.uk)
- Between 1997 and 2008 health expenditure in cash terms more than doubled from £55.1 billion to £125.4 billion. (lse.ac.uk)
- Seán Boyle said: 'Perhaps the single most significant factor between 1997 and 2010 was the large increase in public expenditure on health care. (lse.ac.uk)
- October 31, 2019 - Use the National Health Expenditure Database (NHEX) to discover how much is spent on health care annually, in what areas money is spent and on whom, and where the money comes from. (cihi.ca)
- Canada's total health spending is expected to reach $264 billion in 2019, or $7,068 per Canadian. (cihi.ca)
- It is estimated that health expenditures will represent 11.6% of Canada's GDP in 2019. (cihi.ca)
- Hospitals (26.6%), drugs (15.3%) and physician services (15.1%) are expected to continue to use the largest share of health dollars in 2019. (cihi.ca)
- How much will we spend on health in 2019? (cihi.ca)
- In 2019, the total projects expenditures of Dubai Health Authority (DHA) amounted to approximately 144,170 United Arab Emirates Dirham. (statista.com)
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019. (aihw.gov.au)
- 2019. Global Monitoring Report on Financial Protection in Health 2019. (worldbank.org)
- In 2018, state and local governments spent $301 billion on health and hospitals, or 9 percent of direct general spending. (urban.org)
- 2 As a share of direct general state and local spending, health and hospitals combined were the fourth-largest expenditure in 2018 and roughly equal to higher education expenditures. (urban.org)
- In 2018, 66 percent of health and hospital spending went to hospital services and 34 percent went to other health programs. (urban.org)
- In 2018, 97 percent of health and hospital expenditures were for operational costs, such as public health administration, community health programs, public hospital operations, and regulatory services. (urban.org)
- The Global Health Expenditure Database (GHED) provides internationally comparable data on health spending for close to 190 countries from 2000 to 2018. (who.int)
- 2018 was the first year in five years in which global spending on health grew slower than GDP. (who.int)
- Internationally, Canada's health spending per person in 2018 (CA$6,448) was similar to spending in Australia (CA$6,488), France (CA$6,436) and the Netherlands (CA$6,855). (cihi.ca)
- In 2018, the country was ranked number 29 among other countries in Increase in Poverty Gap at $1.90 Poverty Line Due to Out-Of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure at $0.01 PPP = 2011. (nationmaster.com)
- Now in its third edition, the 2018 study examines Medicaid utilization and expenditure claims data for roughly 32 million children and youth who received Medicaid-financed services in 2011. (chcs.org)
- While the United States medical system is famous for drugs costing hundreds of thousands of dollars and heroic care at the end of life, it turns out that a more significant factor in the nation's $2.7 trillion annual health care bill may not be the use of extraordinary services, but the high price tag of ordinary ones. (nytimes.com)
- In recent years, the United States has been facing the challenge of skyrocketing health care expenditures, with health care expenditures reaching $1.2 trillion and accounting for 13.6% of gross domestic product. (chiro.org)
- In 2013, US health care expenditures were 2.9 trillion. (coursera.org)
- Compared with expenditure during 1991-2000, the estimated age-expenditure profile becomes steeper during 2004-2011 in both urban and rural areas. (doaj.org)
- The explanatory factors of individual healthcare consumption are studied by means of healthcare expenditures from the 2000-2005 Swiss Household Income and Expenditure Survey (SHIES). (repec.org)
- Expenditure on health care per capita increased from £231 in 1980 to £1,168 in 2000, and by 2008 it was £1,852. (lse.ac.uk)
- In the year 2000, health care accounted for about 13% of GDP. (coursera.org)
- The standard health accounting methods as per the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development System of Health Accounts guidelines of 2000 were adopted. (hkmj.org)
- This paper investigates the relationship between HMO market share and expenditures for the care of beneficiaries enrolled in traditional fee-for-service Medicare. (nber.org)
- We find that increases in system-wide HMO market share (including Medicare and non-Medicare enrollment) are associated with declines in both Part A and Part B fee-for-service expenditures. (nber.org)
- Increases in Medicare HMO market share are linked with increases in Part A expenditures and with small decreases in Part B. This suggests that any spillovers directly associated with Medicare HMO enrollment are small. (nber.org)
- Managed Care and Health Care Expenditures: Evidence from Medicare, 1990 to 1994 , Laurence C. Baker, Sharmila Shankarkumar. (nber.org)
- Tightening Medicare and Medicaid price controls on plans and providers, and leveraging the scale of the public programmes to increase efficiency in financing and care delivery, might prevent a future economic recovery from offsetting the slowdown in health sector prices and expenditure growth. (oecd.org)
- High and increasing rates of generic drug use, an important shift from inpatient to outpatient hospital care, along with some effective price control measures on plans and providers by Medicare and Medicaid, were among key factors behind the slowdown in health care expenditure growth in the United States. (oecd.org)
- It shows for the first time the value of the tax relief arising from the Medicare levy surcharge for those with private health insurance. (tai.org.au)
- Evidence suggests that neglecting time to death in the regression model leads to a15% overestimation of the Medicare expenditure increase (Stearns and Norton 2004), 10% in the Netherlands (Polder et al. (voxeu.org)
- Effects of care coordination on hospitalization, quality of care, and health care expenditures among Medicare beneficiaries: 15 randomized trials. (nih.gov)
- Medicare expenditures of patients with chronic illnesses might be reduced through improvements in care, patient adherence, and communication. (nih.gov)
- To determine whether care coordination programs reduced hospitalizations and Medicare expenditures and improved quality of care for chronically ill Medicare beneficiaries. (nih.gov)
- Hospitalizations, monthly Medicare expenditures, patient-reported and care process indicators. (nih.gov)
- Even as millions of people gained coverage, per-enrollee spending growth in private health insurance and Medicare continue to be well below the average in the decade before passage of the Affordable Care Act," CMS stated. (hmenews.com)
- On a per-enrollee basis, overall spending increased by 4.5% for private health insurance, 1.7% for Medicare and 3.8% for Medicaid. (hmenews.com)
Annual health care expenditures1
- Total annual health care expenditures were significantly higher in the primary adrenal insufficiency group ($18,624 vs. $4,320), adrenal insufficiency secondary to pituitary disease group ($32,218 vs. $6,956) and the congenital adrenal hyperplasia group ($7,677 vs. $4,203) compared with controls. (healio.com)
Determinants of health c2
- The findings imply that health spending of the rural elderly may increase more during the process of rural-urban integration. (doaj.org)
- Findings of non-economic factors can be used to argue that population aging increases health expenditures while secondary education lowers private health spending in emerging markets. (nih.gov)
- Therefore, the findings suggest that insurance matters in order to access health care services in a way that could potentially reduce inequalities between different ethnic groups. (ssrn.com)
- Abstract The empirical findings on the relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) and health expenditure are diverse. (repec.org)
- Findings show that no long-term cointegration exists, and the growth in health expenditure and GDP across income levels has a different causal relationship when cross-sectional dependence in the panel is accounted for. (repec.org)
- To mark Universal Health Coverage Day in December 2020, WHO has released new data and will soon publish the report "Global Spending on Health: Weathering the Storm" . (who.int)
- In the documentation center , you will find the December 2020 country release note, as well as complementary technical notes, methodology guidelines, global, regional and country reports on health expenditure, and metadata documentation. (who.int)
- This statistic describes a projection of the annual growth in spending on mental health treatments in the United States from 2009 to 2020. (statista.com)
- Further research is needed to understand the effects of public health insurance on haemophilia care and expenditures, to evaluate treatment strategies and to implement strategies that may improve outcomes and reduce costs of care. (mendeley.com)
- Do health outcomes depend on relative income as well as on an individual?s absolute level of income? (repec.org)
- Physician Spending And Its Association With Patient Outcomes Global spending on health is soaring at a rapid rate. (globalrph.com)
- Candace Gunnarsson, PhD, vice president of health economics and outcomes research at CTI Clinical Trial and Consulting in Cincinnati, and colleagues evaluated data from a U.S.-based payer database on 10,383 patients with adrenal insufficiency to determine the estimated annual health care burden among them. (healio.com)
- We took a causal difference-in-differences approach using inverse probability weighting and doubly robust estimators to study how changes in medical home status over a 2-year period affected children's health care outcomes. (rand.org)
- Furthermore, considerable inequities in health care access and outcomes between Socio-economic groups remain. (igi-global.com)
- In order to tackle the issues of large number of null expenditures and skewed distribution of positive outcomes, the family of Box-Cox censoring models (Chaze, 2005) is applied. (repec.org)
- social services expenditures adjusted for GDP were significantly associated with better health outcomes in three of five indicators. (bmj.com)
- The ratio of social expenditures to health expenditures was significantly associated with better outcomes in infant mortality, life expectancy and increased potential life years lost, after adjusting for the level of health expenditures and GDP. (bmj.com)
- In addition to revealing the staggering statistic that $750 billion was wastefully spent in the nation's healthcare system last year, the report encapsulating the committee's deliberations, Best Care at Lower Cost , identifies three major imperatives for change: the rising complexity of modern health care, unsustainable cost increases, and outcomes below the system's potential. (healthworkscollective.com)
World Health Organ6
- World Health Organization Global Health Expenditure database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database for the most recent updates). (indexmundi.com)
- Glenngård, A and Borg, S ( World Health Organization. (who.int)
- World Health Organization. (who.int)
- Regional Office for Europe ( World Health Organization. (who.int)
- The World Health Organization defines health care systems as follows: "A health system consists of all organizations, people and actions whose primary intent is to promote, restore or maintain health. (igi-global.com)
- World Health Organization and World Bank. (worldbank.org)
Relationship between health-care expenditure2
- Since the seminal work by Newhouse (1977), much research has examined the relationship between health-care expenditure and GDP. (igi-global.com)
- This paper aims to investigate the link between health care expenditure and life expectancy in Turkey, causality and co-integration relationship between health care expenditure (HCE) and life expectancy (LE) in Turkey for the period 1975-2015. (scribd.com)
- Footnote 8] This information updates our May 16, 2003, report that provided information on fiscal year 2001 expenditures of federal funds by the organizations and their affiliates. (gao.gov)
- The Mexico (2004), Bamako (2008) and Algiers (2008) declarations committed the South African (SA) Ministry of Health to allocate 2% of the national health budget to research, while the National Health Research Policy (2001) proposed that the country budget for health research should be 2% of total public sector health expenditure. (scielo.org.za)
- To estimate the total domestic health expenditure in Hong Kong between fiscal years 1989/90 and 2001/02, with breakdown by financing source, provider, and function over time. (hkmj.org)
- Total domestic health expenditure was $68 620 million in the fiscal year 2001/02. (hkmj.org)
- This indicates a growing share of health spending relative to gross domestic product, from 3.8% in 1989/90 to 5.5% in 2001/02. (hkmj.org)
- Hospitals' share of total spending increased by 18%, reaching 45% of total expenditure in 2001/02, whilst the share of providers of ambulatory services reduced to 30% in 2001/02. (hkmj.org)
- ABSTRACT: Chronic starvation is accompanied by a reduction in resting energy expenditure (REE). (denverhealth.org)
- Despite the post-crisis slowdown in health spending growth, concerns about the fiscal sustainability of health systems remain large. (oecd.org)
- Despite the economic growth and progress in health of the past decade, poverty and inequity within and among countries remain a challenge for the Region of the Americas. (paho.org)
- Making growth more inclusive for the Roma, women and the chronically unemployed will require further reforms in education, health care and the labour market, along with better infrastructure. (oecd-ilibrary.org)
- How has health spending growth changed over the last 40+ years? (cihi.ca)
- What health sectors are driving their growth and by how much? (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- T]he most recent analysis of the National Health Expenditure Accounts data by members of the government team responsible for compiling and analyzing the data found that general inflation and medical price inflation accounted for 60 percent of the change in personal health care spending from 2008 to 2009, while non-price factors were responsible for the remaining 40 percent of spending growth. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- A PriceWaterhouseCoopers analysis of employersponsored health premium data collected through the Kaiser Family Foundation determined that 75 percent of the 6.1 percent growth in premiums between 2006 and 2007 was due to price factors, and 25 percent was attributable to changes in utilization. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- Higher health sector prices explain much of the difference between the USA and other high-spending countries, and price dynamics are largely responsible for the slowdown in expenditure growth. (oecd.org)
- Other high-spending countries did not face the same coverage challenges, and could draw from a broader set of policies to keep expenditure under control, but expenditure growth was similar to the USA. (oecd.org)
- Health price levels contribute the most to explaining higher spending in the United States, and recent price dynamics largely explain declines in health expenditure growth. (oecd.org)
- However, even though the red herring effect exists, ageing seems to explain only 0.5%-0.7% of annual health expenditure growth (Steinmann et al. (voxeu.org)
- 2007). On the whole, technological progress in medicine is the most important factor in explaining the growth of healthcare expenditure, although we also find that the rise in longevity leads to further demand for life-prolonging medical care. (voxeu.org)
- Moreover, the government has failed to maintain Indigenous (real) health expenditures over time in line with population growth, distribution and greater health needs. (mja.com.au)
- The report concludes that expenditure growth in 2015 was primarily the result of increased use and intensity of services as millions gained health coverage, as well as continued significant growth in spending for retail prescription drugs. (hmenews.com)
- Since the 1980s, expenditure on mental health has increased but the slow in growth in recent years may be linked to closures of specialty hospitals. (statista.com)
- Environmental pollution, rapid economic growth, and other social factors have adverse effects on public health, which have consequently increased the burden of health expenditures during the last two decades. (nih.gov)
- We find that economic factors such as GDP growth consistently show a positive impact on both government and private health expenditures, whereas, foreign direct investment exhibits a significant negative and positive impact on government and private health expenditures respectively. (nih.gov)
- Furthermore, empirical analysis of heterogeneous causality indicates that CO 2 emissions, the environment index, GDP growth, foreign direct investment, and secondary education have a unidirectional causal relationship with government and private health expenditures. (nih.gov)
- We are essentially in a period of moderation in health expenditure growth - something that has not occurred for such an extended length of time since the mid-1990s. (typepad.com)
- This report is particularly interesting coming in the midst of federal provincial discussions as to what future federal health transfer growth rates should be. (typepad.com)
- I have been continually surprised by public utterances calling the planned reduction in the annual growth rate of federal health transfers from 6 percent to 3 percent a "cut" in health transfers. (typepad.com)
- This was the third consecutive year that growth in health expenditure was below the 10-year average (4.6% between 2004-05 and 2014-15). (aihw.gov.au)
- Despite the low growth, the share of the economy (GDP) represented by health reached 10.0% for the first time. (aihw.gov.au)
- This chapter explores the factors associated with the growth of total health expenditure, in addition to its main components, government health expenditure and out-of-pocket payments. (igi-global.com)
- The study also finds that government health expenditure and out-of-pocket payments follow the same paths in time, but are different for countries at different levels of economic development and the same for health expenditure growth. (igi-global.com)
- About 43% of the variation in global health expenditure growth can be explained by economic growth. (repec.org)
- Such results have noticeable policy implications, especially for low-income countries where GDP growth does not cause increased health expenditure. (repec.org)
- Understanding the drivers of growth in health care expenditure is crucial for forecasting future health care requirements and to ameliorate inefficient expenditure. (ehesp.fr)
- This is undertaken at the mean using standard decomposition techniques, but also across the full distribution of expenditures to gain an understanding of where in the distribution growth and its determinants are most relevant. (ehesp.fr)
- Health expenditure in Germany increased in 2010 in real terms by more than two percent, before growth slowed somewhat in 2011 to 1.1 percent. (zvei.org)
- The World War I caused a global growth of the public expenditure share in GDP. (wikipedia.org)
- In last two decades of 20th century share of public expenditure kept increasing, but the growth significantly slowed down. (wikipedia.org)
- It is still an open question whether increasing life expectancy as such causes higher health care expenditures (HCE) in a population. (springer.com)
- Breyer, F., Felder, S.: Life expectancy and health care expenditure: A new calculation for Germany using the costs of dying. (springer.com)
- In fact, some studies already find that age does not explain healthcare expenditures when distance to death, income, or life expectancy is controlled for (Zweifel et al. (voxeu.org)
- Inevitably, any attempt to measure the impact of ageing on healthcare use and expenditure requires some assumptions on health and life expectancy of future cohorts. (voxeu.org)
- This highlights the importance of health treatment and new technologies in the development of life expectancy. (voxeu.org)
- CONCLUSIONS Our results show that diabetes is associated with large decreases in life expectancy and large increases in lifetime health care expenditures. (diabetesjournals.org)
- In addition to decreasing life expectancy by 3.3 to 18.7 years, diabetes increased lifetime health care expenditures by $8,946 to $159,380 depending on age-race-sex-BMI classification groups. (diabetesjournals.org)
Higher health care expenditure1
- The June issue of Health Affairs includes an analysis of amenable mortality rates--rates of deaths that are potentially preventable with available health care treatment options--in seventeen European countries, which found that higher health care expenditure was associated with lower amenable mortality and with smaller absolute inequalities in amenable mortality. (eurekalert.org)
- Among back pain individuals, at least 75% of service expenditures were attributed to those with top 25% expenditure, and per-capita expenditures were generally higher for those who were older, female, white, medically insured, or suffered from disc disorders. (chiro.org)
- Children 2 to 18 years old who were members of households participating in the 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey were eligible for this retrospective cohort study. (aappublications.org)
- METHODS: Population-level disease counts and associated expenditures between 2003 and 2015 were compared between an observed ET-user population versus a hypothetical ET-user population assuming absence of the WHI HT trials, constructed by extrapolating ET utilization rates from 1996 to 2002 assuming pre-WHI HT rates would have continued without publication of the WHI HT trial data (2002-2004). (healthpartners.com)
- In 1996 the average public expenditure was around 45 percent, which is in comparison with 1960-1980 period slow increase from year 1980. (wikipedia.org)
- During 1980-1996 period the public expenditure share even declined in many countries, for example United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands etc. (wikipedia.org)
Total expenditure on health2
- Health program expenditures include services such as mental health and substance abuse programs, county health department inspections, water and air quality regulation, and health inspections. (urban.org)
- Some major federal government health program expenditures are biased towards non-Indigenous people at the expense of other components of the health budget. (mja.com.au)
Recurrent and capital2
- Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. (indexmundi.com)
- Spending on health in Australia (recurrent and capital expenditure combined) was $161.6 billion in 2014-15, $4.4 billion (2.8%) higher in real terms than in 2013-14. (aihw.gov.au)
- The expenditure patterns were examined by stratifying individuals with back pain by sociodemographic characteristics and medical diagnosis, and calculating per-capita expenditures for each stratum. (chiro.org)
- The study identifies good reasons to believe that households with elderly members or inpatient health care expenditure are the most vulnerable and most likely to experience financial difficulties due to out-of-pocket payments. (who.int)
- This paper considers the detailed breakdown of hospital inpatient expenditures across the period 2007/08 to 2014/15. (ehesp.fr)
- In this study researchers analyzed data from a 1998 Medical Expenditure survey. (chiro.org)
- Secondary analysis of the 1998 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. (chiro.org)
- This study used data from the 1998 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a national survey on health care utilization and expenditures. (chiro.org)
- RESULTS: In 1998, total health care expenditures incurred by individuals with back pain in the United States reached 90.7 billion dollars and total incremental expenditures attributable to back pain among these persons were approximately 26.3 billion dollars. (chiro.org)
- Health care expenditures for back pain in the United States in 1998 were substantial. (chiro.org)
- Since then, government expenditures has shown an increasing trend. (wikipedia.org)
- The former examines health spending patterns in a subset of countries which face important macroeconomic vulnerabilities, high levels of poverty, and are lagging behind in Universal Health Coverage (UHC) indicators. (who.int)
- All the health expenditure indicators refer to expenditures by financing agent except external resources which is a financing source. (indexmundi.com)
- Health expenditure, total (% of GDP) in Grenada was reported at 6.0976 % in 2014, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. (tradingeconomics.com)
- Indigenous health expenditure trends are obscured amid myriad medical indicators and reports on Indigenous Australians' health. (mja.com.au)
- In contrast with Australian reporting, nearly a third of health system performance indicators of the World Health Organization's 100 core health indicators (2015) relate to expenditure. (mja.com.au)
- While the average health expenditure per person for Indigenous Australians is 1.47 times that for non-Indigenous people, differences in indicators such as mortality and prevalence of disease are much greater. (mja.com.au)
- Global reference list of 100 core health indicators, 2015. (mja.com.au)
- http://www.who.int/healthinfo/indicators/2015/en (accessed Sep 2015). (mja.com.au)
- Given the improvement in health indicators and health facilities worldwide, inequity in access to health services is one of the most pertinent and relevant issues for health policy and public health. (eldis.org)
- The data includes around 1200 indicators on health expenditure and financing, health condition and risk factors, as well as personnel, material and technological resources in the respective health systems. (zvei.org)
- The design of Healthcare for Communities: a study of health care delivery for alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health conditions. (springer.com)
- The burden of the health expenditures including all medicines, healthcare services, preventive medicine and city hospitals is 4.5 percent. (saglik.gov.tr)
- But the effect of population ageing on health and healthcare is far from straightforward. (voxeu.org)
- The positive correlation is evident, although it is less distinctive at high levels of healthcare expenditure. (voxeu.org)
- Healthcare spending grew 2.1% faster than the overall economy in 2015, resulting in a 0.4% increase in the health spending share of gross domestic product, from 17.4% in 2014 to 17.8% in 2015. (hmenews.com)
- Conclusion Attention to broader domains of social policy may be helpful in accomplishing improvements in health envisioned by advocates of healthcare reform. (bmj.com)
- Public expenditure is spending made by the government of a country on collective needs and wants such as pension, provisions (such as education, healthcare and housing), security, infrastructure, etc. (wikipedia.org)
- India's per capita government expenditure on health in PPP terms is US Dollar 44, as against 809 in Russia, 474 in Brazil and 236 in China. (medindia.net)
- This and other issues, such as the effects of an ageing population, or tracking, have been challenging the traditional system of health expenditure statistics. (oecd.org)
- The fact that managed care can influence expenditures for this population suggests that managed care activity can have broad effects on the entire health care market. (nber.org)
- Investments to reform and improve health systems have not always been designed to deal with new challenges related largely to the demographic and epidemiological transition or the expectations of the population. (paho.org)
- In this survey population, self-reported back and neck problems accounted for a large proportion of health care expenditures. (nih.gov)
- Given need, the insured population was more likely to receive health care compared to the non-insured. (who.int)
- The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) is a federal survey that has the capacity to produce nationally representative estimates of health care expenditures associated with medical conditions for the US civilian noninstitutionalized population. (cdc.gov)
- The government needed to bring the uncovered population under the health security net. (medindia.net)
- For example, private health insurance accounts for nearly 10% of all federal government health expenditure: 55% of the population benefits from this, but at least 83% of Indigenous Australians do not. (mja.com.au)
- Population aging has a strong relationship of bidirectional causality with government health expenditures and unidirectional causal relationship with private health expenditures. (nih.gov)
- It provides a wealth of detail about all aspects of the health care system, as well as developments in the health of the population. (lse.ac.uk)
- Reducing health inequalities was another key target, but despite various policies introduced to meet that target, the position has worsened, even though the health of the population overall has improved. (lse.ac.uk)
- From implementing a National Health Insurance scheme to battling the HIV epidemic, South African policymakers and health stakeholders face an enormous task in providing affordable and quality care to a diverse population of 52 million. (nextbillion.net)
- Automatically registered purchase data provide valuable insight into the health behaviours of individuals and the population. (biomedcentral.com)
- Private health insurance in South Africa was estimated to contribute 42% to national expenditure. (news24.com)
- South Africa was actually a global exception in this regard, People's Health Movement spokesperson Peter Benjamin said today. (news24.com)
- CHMI profiles 63 programs in South Africa working on improving access and affordability to health care. (nextbillion.net)
- National expenditure on health research in South Africa: what is the benchmark? (scielo.org.za)
- This national survey was conducted to compare health services utilization and expenditures in 1970 with results of similar studies done in 1953, 1958, and 1964. (umich.edu)
- Among the disease groups studied, statistically significant differences were found for self-rated heath (SRH), out-of pocket health expenditures, health services utilization and the perceived need for physician services. (mdpi.com)
Utilization and expenditure1
- Our second data source is the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) that contains utilization and expenditure information at the individual level. (degruyter.com)
- Estimated parameters reveal a substantial price wedge that explains at most 20% of the difference in health spending (as a share of GDP) and 30% of the difference in health status between Europe and the U.S. We estimate a one percentage point negative impact on the life-time cost-of-living of Americans from higher prices due to inefficiencies. (nber.org)
- If you have comments concerning the accuracy of the time estimate(s) or suggestions for improving this form, please write to: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, OS/OCIO/PRA, 200 Independence Ave., S.W., Suite 336-E, Washington D.C. 20201, Attention: PRA Reports Clearance Officer. (hhs.gov)
- To estimate total health care expenditures incurred by individuals with back pain in the United States, calculate the incremental expenditures attributable to back pain among these individuals, and describe health care expenditure patterns of individuals with back pain. (chiro.org)
- Multivariate regression models were used to estimate the incremental expenditures attributable to back pain. (chiro.org)
- 4 ] To our knowledge, only a limited number of studies have been conducted to estimate the health care costs for back pain in the United States. (chiro.org)
- The purpose of the present study is to estimate the impact of pharmaceutical spending reduction on public revenue, based on data from the national health accounts as well as on reports of Greece's organizations. (frontiersin.org)
- METHODS: We performed an analysis with 2003-2014 data of weighted 37,738,607 US participants aged 65 years to estimate health care expenditures in the elderly with and without epilepsy using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Household Component. (cureepilepsy.org)
- Health spending as a share of Canada's gross domestic product (GDP) is trending upward. (cihi.ca)
- In his speech, Health Minister Dr. Fahrettin Koca underlined that share of the health expenditures in the gross national product became 4.5 percent. (saglik.gov.tr)
- Thus, a series of measures were implemented, including, among others, health workforce downsizing, the reduction in fees paid to health providers, the lowering of pharmaceutical prices, and the setting of pharmaceutical budget equal to a fixed share of the gross domestic product (GDP) (as presented in paragraph 184.108.40.206). (frontiersin.org)
- Results suggest that health expenditure in general does not grow faster than gross national product (GNP). (igi-global.com)
- In 2011, Germany spent 11.3 percent of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on health. (zvei.org)
- In real terms, expenditure grew at an average rate of 7% while gross domestic product increased by 4% during the same period. (hkmj.org)
- Increases in the activity of managed care organizations are likely to have a number of implications for the structure and functioning of the US health care market. (nber.org)
- One possibility is that increases in managed care activity may have 'spillover effects,' influencing the performance of the entire health care delivery system, so that care for both managed care and non-managed-care patients is affected. (nber.org)
- The key question is whether an NHS that found improvements in productivity so difficult to deliver at a time of record increases in expenditure will find it any easier as spending begins to fall back. (lse.ac.uk)
- The largest increases are observed at the top of the expenditure distribution. (ehesp.fr)
- Increases in comorbidities (and the average number of first diagnoses) across the two periods, together with increases in non-elective long stay episodes and non-elective bed days are important drivers of expenditure increases. (ehesp.fr)
- Spending on health and hospitals includes spending on community and public health programs, government-owned hospitals, and government payments to privately owned hospitals. (urban.org)
- Weak health system regulatory capacity, excessive verticality in some public health programs, lack of integrated service delivery, and, occasionally, union pressure to protect privileges and lack of political will to make the necessary changes exacerbate and perpetuate this problem. (paho.org)
- In turn, governments allocate these public revenues toward public health activities that benefit society above and beyond curative services that mainly benefit the individual. (rand.org)
- When this is the case, subsidies can be increased for public health services by reallocating them away from curative care. (rand.org)
- This analysis of the trends in public health expenditure in Maharashtra shows that the State has to become more proactive in raising resources being allocated to the health sector. (repec.org)
- The level of public health spending is very low in the state, both as a ratio within the state budget and as a proportion to the SDP. (repec.org)
- Declining Trends in Public Health Expenditure in Maharashtra ," Working Papers id:818, eSocialSciences. (repec.org)
- The surprisingly positive coe¢cient becomes insignificant when we control for public health care expenditure. (repec.org)
- Smoking and tobacco - Stop smoking services and interventions - net current expenditure by the local authority on public health interventions whose intention is to reduce or stop smoking. (devon.gov.uk)
- This sets out the Public Health budget spent within each of the categories that are being requested. (devon.gov.uk)
- Physical activity - adults - net current expenditure by the local authority on public health interventions whose intention is to lead to the taking up of sport on a regular basis. (devon.gov.uk)
- Obesity - adults - net current expenditure by the local authority on public health interventions whose intention is to lead to weight loss. (devon.gov.uk)
- Substance misuse - Alcohol misuse - adults - net current expenditure by the local authority on public health interventions whose intention is to diminish alcohol consumption. (devon.gov.uk)
- Richer individuals are more likely to use both social health insurance and private health facilities and are less likely to use public facilities, which may indicate that the perception of poor quality of care in public health facilities leads people to turn to private health care as soon as they can afford it. (who.int)
- Specifically, you requested that we identify the amount of federal funds provided to the selected organizations and their affiliates for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2009 and the sources of these federal funds (for example, family planning grants authorized under Title X of the Public Health Service Act). (gao.gov)
- However, neglecting the economics of the strategy perpetuates poor system performance as financial and resource constraints on individuals, and increasingly on the public health system, are ignored. (mja.com.au)
- In fact, there have been many legislative actions undertaken by the government to form the regulatory framework for the health system and public health in the country. (igi-global.com)
- Havana, December 6 (RHC)-- The representative of the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) in Cuba, Enrique Pérez, praised the Cuban state for its expenditures in public health, saying it has been a decisive element in the country's proven capacity to respond to health emergencies. (radiohc.cu)
- It is a public health concern that the prevalence of diabetes remains high in high-income countries and has been increasing in low- and middle-income countries. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Austerity measures and reduction of public health expenditure by the state appear to have led to high private expenditures and to de jure or de facto insurance coverage loss for primary care services. (mdpi.com)
- As compared to other countries with a Center for Health Market Innovations' (CHMI) regional partner presence (Kenya, Nigeria, India and Pakistan) South Africa's public health expenditure as a percent of total health expenditure is relatively high, 47.9 percent, compared to 38.1 percent in Kenya and 31.1 percent in Nigeria. (nextbillion.net)
- DHS = Department of Health Services DPH = Department of Public Health *No cost or low cost adult vaccinations may be available. (zanran.com)
- Example of these are the Local Government code of 1991, National Health Insurance Act of 1995, Organ Donation Act (1991), Hospital Licensure Act, Pharmacy Act, Dangerous Drugs Act and many others. (igi-global.com)
- Peabody and his colleagues looked at National Health Accounts (NHAs) for four very different Asian countries-India, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam-to detail how health care is financed and where funds are allocated. (rand.org)
- Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California. (kff.org)
- Are you sure you want to remove National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 from your list? (openlibrary.org)
- National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 by Barbara S. Cooper and Nancy L. Worthington. (openlibrary.org)
- Center for Health Administration Studies/National Opinion Research Center. (umich.edu)
- Conducted by University of Chicago, Center for Health Administration Studies/National Opinion Research Center. (umich.edu)
- No recent national data on expenditures and utilization are available to provide a benchmark for reform of mental health systems for children and adolescents. (springer.com)
- Eaton WW, Regier DA, Locke BZ, Taube CA. The Epidemiologic Catchment Area program of the National Institute of Mental Health. (springer.com)
- They are typically prescribed more expensive procedures and tests than people in other countries, no matter if those nations operate a private or national health system. (nytimes.com)
- We use infant mortality as a health status indicator and ?nd a signi?cant and positive link between infant mortality and income inequality using cross-national data for 98 countries. (repec.org)
- However, few studies have examined national trends in expenditures for back and neck problems or related these trends to health status measures. (nih.gov)
- Understanding estimates of national health expenditures under health system reform: From the congressional office of technology assessment. (rti.org)
- This is the second of two posts based on a new data brief from the National Institute for Health Care Management (and, even with this, I have not exhausted the content of that data brief). (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- MEPS has the capacity to produce national estimates of health care expenditures associated with MCC. (cdc.gov)
- The MEPS-HC uses an overlapping panel design in which a new sample panel of households is selected each year from respondents to the prior year's National Health Interview Survey (11). (cdc.gov)
- Though schemes like the National Health Mission have improved service delivery, health services in India still suffer from lack of reach and constraints of quality. (medindia.net)
- I have received consultancy fees from the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation in 2014 for an economic study of the Aboriginal community-controlled health services sector. (mja.com.au)
- National health expenditures in Canada, 1975-1993 = Dépenses nationales de santé au Canada, 1975-1993. (worldcat.org)
- I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/32223084 Title: National health expenditures in Canada, 1975-1993 = Dépenses nationales de santé au Canada, 1975-1993. (worldcat.org)
- The data is derived from the national socio-economic survey in years 2011-2016, supplemented with village-level facility data.We find that JKN has a positive impact on total health care expenditure, increasing it by about 10% on average. (eldis.org)
- In this paper, we use the case of household expenditure in the Indonesian National Socio-Economic Survey data, SUSENAS, which started over 50 years ago. (eldis.org)
- Lusardi, Schneider, and Tufano (2014) show that routine health care utilization has decreased during June and July of 2009 in a cross-national survey. (degruyter.com)
- National Health Expenditure Trends, 1975 to 2016 forecasts total health spending in Canada to reach $228 billion or $6,299 per Canadian in 2016. (typepad.com)
- I wish to note that I am a member of the CIHI National Health Expenditure Advisory Group. (typepad.com)
- Regular reporting of national health expenditure is vital to understanding the health system and its relationship to the economy as whole. (aihw.gov.au)
- However, there are few national analyses examining behavioral health care being used by children in Medicaid. (chcs.org)
- The National Technical Assistance Network for Children's Behavioral Health at the University of Maryland is funded by the Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) through Contract #HHSS280201500007C. (chcs.org)
- and ( ii ) the proportion of the national health and Department of Health budgets apportioned to research. (scielo.org.za)
- Current SA public sector health research allocations therefore remain well below the aspirational goal of 2% of the national health budget. (scielo.org.za)
- Governments at all levels (national, regional and local) need to raise revenue from a variety of sources to finance public-sector expenditures. (wikipedia.org)
- The Medicaid and CHIP Payment Access Commission estimates that payments to hospitals account for 13 percent of total Medicaid spending, suggesting that the portion of Medicaid spending that Census counts under the health and hospitals classification is likely relatively small. (urban.org)
- In 2014, the country was number 158 among other countries in Out-Of-Pocket Health Expenditure at 11.92 Percent of Health Expenditure. (nationmaster.com)
- Thailand is overtaken by Tonga, which was number 157 with 11.94 Percent of Health Expenditure and is followed by Marshall Islands at 11.79 Percent of Health Expenditure. (nationmaster.com)
- Yemen ranked the highest with 76.42 Percent of Health Expenditure in 2014, that is an increase of 2.5points versus 2013. (nationmaster.com)
- Although her insurer covered the procedure and she paid nothing, her health care costs still bite: Her premium payments jumped 10 percent last year, and rising co-payments and deductibles are straining the finances of her middle-class family, with its mission-style house in the suburbs and two S.U.V.'s parked outside. (nytimes.com)
- QUIZ: Can you name the countries/self-governing states with the top 25 health expenditures as a percent of GDP (as of 2010)? (sporcle.com)
- Addressing delegates to the 9th Cuban Congress on Microbiology and Parasitology, which is holding sessions in Havana, the PAHO official noted that Cuba earmarks 11 percent of its GDP to the health sector. (radiohc.cu)
- From 2008 to 2009, expenditures on the treatment of mental health grew by 5.7 percent. (statista.com)
- Even at 3 percent, federal health transfers will continue to grow - just at a slower rate - and fortunately some media has picked up on this. (typepad.com)
- Concurrently, out-of-pocket health expenditure as a percent of total health expenditure remains low at 13.8 percent, compared to 69 percent in Kenya, 86 percent in India and 90.2 percent in Pakistan. (nextbillion.net)
- Of the first 1,000 patients in the program, 96 percent of patients were still on firstline drugs after 32 months, illustrating the potential utility of home-based care in stabilizing the health of patients. (nextbillion.net)
- At the end of the 19th century average public expenditure was around 10 percent of GDP. (wikipedia.org)
- Australia, Italy, Switzerland and France had public expenditure over 12 percent of GDP. (wikipedia.org)
- This average share of public expenditure increased to almost 12 percent before the start of World War I. Due to the World War I anticipation, the share increased quickly in Austria, France, United Kingdom or Germany. (wikipedia.org)
- In United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and France, which were affected a lot by the war, the share of public expenditure even exceeded 25 percent. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1937 the amount of average public expenditure share was between 22 and 23 percent, twice as much as before World War I. However, it is fair to mention that part of this increase of public expenditure share was caused by GDP fall. (wikipedia.org)
- From the start of the World War I until 1960 the average share of public expenditure in GDP increased slowly from 22 to 28 percent. (wikipedia.org)
- Spain, Switzerland and Japan had their public expenditure still below 20 percent of their GDPs. (wikipedia.org)
- The average public expenditure, as a share of GDP, increased rapidly between years 1960 and 1980 from around 28 to 43 percent. (wikipedia.org)
- Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. (nih.gov)
- Multinomial logit and logit models are used to identify differences across socio-economic groups with respect to the use of different providers and catastrophic expenditure. (who.int)
- There is no evidence that households with social health insurance coverage are protected against catastrophic expenditure and therefore the issue is not so much the presence of health insurance coverage as it is the depth of that coverage. (who.int)
- Expenditure on tobacco control provides good value for money: NICE estimates that for every £1.00 invested £2.37 is saved on treating smoking related disease and lost productivity. (devon.gov.uk)
- Previous research has used MEPS for estimates of expenditures on chronic conditions (7-9) but has not examined variations by number of chronic conditions or presented common dyads and triads of conditions. (cdc.gov)
- It provides data that can be used to produce annual estimates as well as behavioral and economic analyses of health care use, expenditures, insurance coverage, sources of payment, access to care, and health care quality. (cdc.gov)
- Ratios of Australian Government Indigenous and non-Indigenous health expenditure per person on major mainstream services are represented in the Box , with estimates of resulting fiscal losses from the Indigenous health sector. (mja.com.au)
- A Markov model populated by the risk and cost estimates was used to compute life years and total lifetime health care expenditures by age, race, sex, and BMI classifications for patients with diabetes and without diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
- WHO works collaboratively with Member States and updates the database annually using available data such as health accounts studies and government expenditure records. (who.int)
- GHED is the source of the health expenditure data republished by the World Bank and the WHO Global Health Observatory. (who.int)
- Alongside this new report and data, we are also pleased to announce the update of interactive visualisations of health spending for each country . (who.int)
- We are grateful to the Bundesversicherungsamt, Bonn, for the provision of the health care expenditure dataset, to the Statistische Bundesamt, Wiesbaden, for the provision of the demographic data, and to an anonymous referee for helpful suggestions. (springer.com)
- Data from household surveys in 59 countries were used to explore, by regression analysis, variables associated with catastrophic health expenditure. (nih.gov)
- Learn more about comparative expenditure data at the provincial, territorial and international levels, as well as Canadian health spending trends from 1975 to the present. (cihi.ca)
- Johan Mackenbach of Erasmus University Medical Center and coauthors used country-level data on mortality by level of education for the period 1980-2010 to determine that mortality from conditions amenable to health care has declined strongly over time for women and men in all education groups (see the exhibit below). (eurekalert.org)
- The data also indicated that an increase in health care expenditure's share of GDP was associated with a reduction of absolute inequalities in amenable mortality among men and women. (eurekalert.org)
- We use individual level data from eight waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey during 1991-2011 to investigate age profiles of health expenditure for rural and urban residents in the People's Republic of China (PRC). (doaj.org)
- MEPS data in conjunction with data from other US Department of Health and Human Services sources provide information that can inform policies addressing the complex issue of MCC. (cdc.gov)
- Finding high-frequency microeconomic data is a challenge because most publicly available data on health care are either low frequency or lack detailed information on health care expenditures. (degruyter.com)
- Our main data source is the Consumer Expenditure (CE) Survey. (degruyter.com)
- The advantage of the CE is its higher interview frequency and detailed expenditure data, whereas the SIPP is panel data, which allows us to track the same individuals for several years. (degruyter.com)
- As always, the CIHI provides a wealth of health data and information resources and its site is an enormous asset to health researchers, health care administrators and policy makers across the country. (typepad.com)
- Hospitals (29.5%), drugs (16.0%) and physician services (15.3%) continued to account for the largest shares of health dollars (more than 60% of total health spending) in 2014, the latest year of actual expenditure data available. (typepad.com)
- Aftercare health care workers use mobile phones to record patients' medical status and adherence to treatment in their homes, and data is transmitted via SMS to the Cell Life database, where care managers monitor patient information. (nextbillion.net)
- The Children's Faces of Medicaid Data Series , funded principally by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, is designed to address the limited information available on how expenditures are distributed across service types and how patterns of behavioral health care use and expense differ for children covered by Medicaid across aid categories, age groups, gender, and race and ethnicity. (chcs.org)
- Input data were extracted from Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and the literature. (healthpartners.com)
- These data provide important information for the public, policymakers, and researchers to assess the performance of the health care system longitudinally, and to evaluate health expenditure-related policies. (hkmj.org)
- Based on loyalty card data (LoCard) obtained by a major Finnish retailer holding a market share of 47%, we examined alcohol expenditure and their associations with food and tobacco expenditures. (biomedcentral.com)
- In this exceptionally large data set, we analysed which alcoholic beverages, and in what quantities, were included in typical shopping baskets and if the alcoholic content of the shopping baskets was associated with food and tobacco expenditures. (biomedcentral.com)
- The evidence shows that when there are access barriers to services (whether economic, geographic, cultural, demographic, or other), a deterioration in health implies not only greater expenditure but a loss of income as well. (paho.org)
- Evidence from the four NHAs shows that the governments are using their public funds mainly to subsidize hospital services (curative care) rather than to improve health status or ensure equity. (rand.org)
- Colombier, C., Weber, W.: Projecting health-care expenditure for Switzerland: further evidence against the 'red-herring' hypothesis. (springer.com)
- Hoagwood K, Rupp A. Mental health service needs, use, and costs for children and adolescents with mental disorders and their families: preliminary evidence. (springer.com)
- This review is part of a series of country-based studies generating new evidence on financial protection in European health systems. (who.int)
- However, there is no evidence that the health status of the rural elderly is better than that of the urban elderly. (doaj.org)
- There is evidence that the economic crisis in Greece has substantially affected patients and health care services, with chronic patients forming a particularly vulnerable group. (mdpi.com)