Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Utilization Review: An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Prepaid Health Plans: Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.Drug Utilization Review: Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Great BritainTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Health Planning Support: Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Health Fairs: Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Health Communication: The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.Insurance Claim Review: Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Maternal-Child Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.United States Public Health Service: A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.Personal Health Services: Health care provided to individuals.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Health Planning Councils: Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Occupational Health Nursing: The practice of nursing in the work environment.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Efficiency, Organizational: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.IndiaSocial Determinants of Health: The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.BrazilFollow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.EnglandConsumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Holistic Health: Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
"Romney's Mission: Massachusetts Health Care". NPR. Retrieved 2011-07-11.. *^ "Uncompensated Care Pool PFY05 Utilization Report" ... Fallon Community Health Plan, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Health New England, Minuteman Health, Neighborhood Health Plan (a ... "ACT Health Care Reform". Retrieved 2011-07-11.. *^ "Health Care Reform in Massachusetts". Worcester, Massachusetts: University ... "How To Access Health Care - Massachusetts Uncompensated (Free) Care Pool". Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved 2011-07- ...
"Explaining Diffusion Patterns for Complex Health Care Innovations". Health Care Management Review. 27 (3): 60-73. doi:10.1097/ ... Dobbins, R; Cockerill, R; Barnsley, J (2001). "Factors Affecting the Utilization of Systematic Reviews". International Journal ... "Quality and Safety in Health Care. 11 (4): 345-51. doi:10.1136/qhc.11.4.345. PMC 1757995. PMID 12468695.. ... Berwick, DM. (2003). "Disseminate Innovations in Health Care". The Journal of the American Medical Association. 289 (15): 1969- ...
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. PMID 24199255. ... Many health systems have difficulty ensuring appropriate identification, diagnosis and care of people with COPD; Britain's ... The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence criteria additionally require a FEV1 less than 80% of predicted. People ... World Health Organization (2008). WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008: The MPOWER Package (PDF). World Health ...
... health policy; advocacy; health care financing and management; leadership and interprofessional teamwork; utilization of ... Urban Health Scholars gain valuable exposure to the complex and challenging issues of health care in the inner city. In UST's ... It is designed to produce a cadre of well qualified health care professionals committed to serving Connecticut's urban ... As Urban Health Scholars, participants come from a select group of students enrolled in the University of Connecticut School of ...
"Explaining Diffusion Patterns for Complex Health Care Innovations". Health Care Management Review. 27 (3): 60-73. doi:10.1097/ ... Dobbins, R; Cockerill, R; Barnsley, J (2001). "Factors Affecting the Utilization of Systematic Reviews". International Journal ... Plsek, P; Greenhalgh, T (2001). "The challenge of complexity in health care". Complexity Science. 323: 625-628. doi:10.1136/bmj ... 2003). "Disseminate Innovations in Health Care". The Journal of the American Medical Association. 289 (15): 1969-1975. doi: ...
Psychiatric Emergency Care Centers, or Comprehensive Psychiatric Emergency Programs. Mental health professionals from a wide ... The introduction and efficacy of psychiatric medication as a treatment option in psychiatry has reduced the utilization of ... Potter, M. (2007, May 31). Setting the Standards: Human Rights and Health - Mental Health. Northern Ireland Human Rights ... Involuntary commitment, or sectioning, refers to situations where police officers, health officers, or health professionals ...
State-level data on health care spending, utilization, and insurance coverage, including details extensive Medicaid information ... health care, respiratory care for ventilator dependent and PACE (inclusive elderly care).[32] ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.. *^ The Long-Term Outlook for Health Care Spending. Figure 2. ... "States Turn to Managed Care To Constrain Medicaid Long-Term Care Costs". Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. April 9, ...
"Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project". HCUP Home. James R, Nasmyth-Jones R., "The occurrence of cervical fractures in ... Mean health care costs went from $24,771 to $59,939. Cervical fracture Cervical vertebrae Ryan, MD.; Henderson, JJ. (1992). " ... The mean healthcare costs were $17,015 and the "national bill" or the aggregate charges were $749,553,403. Only 460 in-hospital ... According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the group under the highest risk of C2 fractures are ...
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ( ... Wikipedia's health care articles can be viewed offline with the Medical Wikipedia app. Sepsis at Curlie (based on DMOZ) SIRS, ... Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 24228290. Archived ... Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 24901179. Archived ...
"VA health care resource allocations to medical centers in the Mid South .." google.com. "The Mid-South". google.com. "The ... Wiess, AJ and Elixhauser A (October 2014). "Overview of Hospital Utilization, 2012". HCUP Statistical Brief #180. Rockville, MD ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Matt Stiles, "The State of the Cancer Nation", NPR, April 17, 2015. ... and patient care, especially in the fields of heart disease, cancer, and rehabilitation. In 1994 the Texas Medical Center was ...
Rather than focusing on a particular organ system, neonatologists focus on the care of newborns who require Intensive Care Unit ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Moore B; Levit K & Elixhauser A (October 2014). "Costs for Hospital ... Wiess, AJ & Elixhauser A (October 2014). "Overview of Hospital Utilization, 2012". HCUP Statistical Brief #180. Rockville, MD: ... It was not until 1965 that the first American newborn intensive care unit (NICU) was opened in New Haven, Connecticut and in ...
"Utilization of Intensive Care Services, 2011". HCUP Statistical Brief #185. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and ... Poor oral care may be a contributing factor to lower respiratory disease. New research suggests bacteria from gum disease ... Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Rockville, MD. Witt WP, Wiess AJ, Elixhauser A (December 2014). "Overview of ... "Public Health Agency of Canada - Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control Chronic Respiratory Diseases". Retrieved ...
OECD Health Stats-Health Expenditure and Financing-Retrieved July 2, 2017 *^ PBS-Why does health care cost so muc in America? ... Issue #2-Reforming healthcare service delivery[edit]. Many experts believe the major cost-driver is the over-utilization of ... and higher income levels driving greater demand for healthcare.[9][10][11] Healthcare costs are a fundamental driver of health ... There is a bill called the United States National Health Care Act that proposes this, which is what Americans should be ...
Zaidi, S. S.; Seidlein, L. V.; Nizami, S. Q.; Acosta, C.; Bhutta, Z. A. (2006). "Health care utilization for diarrhea and fever ... This might prevent appropriate allocation of health care resources in slum areas since many countries base their health care ... World Health Organization (2004). Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Links to Health: Facts and Figures.. [page needed] ... Sverdlik, Alice (2011). "Ill-health and poverty: A literature review on health in informal settlements". Environment and ...
"Health Status: Utilization of Health Care" (PDF). International Longevity Center Japan. Retrieved March 21, 2017. Harding, ... Proportion of health care spending has dramatically increased as Japan's older population spends time in hospitals and visits ... As recently as the early- 1970s, the cost of public pensions, health care and welfare services for the aged amounted to only ... In the mid- 1980s the government began to reevaluate the relative burdens of government and the private sector in health care ...
"Healthcare utilization and outcomes after bariatric surgery". Medical care. 44 (8): 706-12. doi:10.1097/01.mlr.0000220833.89050 ... Baron M (November 2004). "Commercial weight-loss programs". Health Care Food Nutr Focus. 21 (11): 8-9. PMID 15559885. Heshka S ... and Health Care? Proceedings of a symposium, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 10-11 March 2004 and Anaheim, California, USA, 2 ... To maintain health, the American Heart Association recommends a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate exercise at least 5 days a ...
Health and Social Care information; Heart disease and Stroke; Mental health; National Medicines utilisation unit; NHS Resources ... The Information Services Division (ISD) is the part of NHS Scotland that provides health information, health intelligence, ... Unscheduled care; Waiting Times; Workforce programme. Two major internal change programmes are under way. The Scottish Health ... Performance management (HEAT); Primary Care information; Quality improvement; Scottish Public health observatory; Substance ...
Healthcare utilization and outcomes after bariatric surgery». Medical care. 44 (8): 706-12. PMID 16862031. doi:10.1097/01.mlr. ... Health Care Food Nutr Focus. 21 (11): 8-9. PMID 15559885.. *^ Heshka S, Anderson JW, Atkinson RL; m.fl. (2003). «Weight loss ... National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence(NICE). National Health Services (NHS). 2006. Besøkt 8. april 2009.. ... National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence(NICE). National Health Services (NHS). 2006. Besøkt 8. april 2009.. ...
"Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. PMID 24199255.. ... "World Health Organization. 2009. Diakses tanggal Nov 11, 2009.. *^ a b Murray CJ, Vos T, Lozano R, Naghavi M, Flaxman AD, ... a b c d e f g National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Clinical guideline 101: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary ... "Health and Safety Executive. Diakses tanggal November 29, 2013.. *^ George, Ronald B. (2005). Chest medicine : essentials of ...
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #157 (Report). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Archived ... "Increasing utilization of abdominal CT in the Emergency Department of a secondary care center: does it produce better outcomes ... Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #159. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 24199256. ... Because of the health risks of exposing children to radiation, ultrasound is the preferred first choice with CT scan being a ...
"Capacity, Utilization, and Financial Trends 2009 - 2011" (PDF). Oregon's Acute Care Hospitals. Oregon Health Authority: 6-7. ... "Databank 2013". Health System Research and Data. Oregon Health Authority. Retrieved 30 August 2014. "2014 Oregon Community ... "your Health Now" (PDF). Santiam Hospital Newsletter. Santiam Hospital. Spring 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2014. " ... In 2013 Santiam Hospital had $69,539,308 in gross patient revenues, provided $1,453,998 in charity care, had $38,818,184 total ...
"Capacity, Utilization, and Financial Trends 2009 - 2011" (PDF). Oregon's Acute Care Hospitals. Oregon Health Authority: 6-7. ... "Databank 2013". Health System Research and Data. Oregon Health Authority. Retrieved 9 August 2014. "2014 Oregon Community ... Part of Legacy Health, the state of Oregon classifies the hospital as a DRG hospital. Services at the facility include ... Legacy Health. Retrieved 31 March 2014. Sullivan, Ann (1973-06-19). "Flexible design marks hospital nearing completion". The ...
"Capacity, Utilization, and Financial Trends 2009 - 2011" (PDF). Oregon's Acute Care Hospitals. Oregon Health Authority: 6-7. ... Oregon Health Authority. Retrieved 1 February 2014. "Oregon Trauma Hospitals" (PDF). Oregon Health Authority. April 3, 2013. p ... "Databank 2012". Health System Research and Data. Oregon Health Authority. Retrieved 1 January 2014. www.stcharleshealthcare.org ... Charles Health System in July 2012. A deal was reached in October 2012 to merge the hospital, and the merger was completed in ...
"Capacity, Utilization, and Financial Trends 2009 to 2009" (PDF). Oregon's Acute Care Hospitals. Oregon Health Authority: 5. ... "Capacity, Utilization, and Financial Trends 2009 - 2011" (PDF). Oregon's Acute Care Hospitals. Oregon Health Authority: 5. June ... "Databank 2013". Health System Research and Data. Oregon Health Authority. Retrieved 10 December 2013. "Service Directory". St. ... Oregon Health Authority. Retrieved 10 December 2013. "2011 Hospital Financial Summary". Hospital Reporting. Oregon Health ...
Accessibility and Utilization: Geographical Perspectives on Health Care Delivery. SAGE Publications. p. 77. ISBN 9780063182769 ...
Depending upon the health insurance plan and the managed care system, various forms of "utilization review", such as prior ... Community health or public health is an aspect of health services concerned with threats to the overall health of a community ... services through a system of universal health care that aims to guarantee care for all through a single-payer health care ... Health care, clinic, hospital, and hospice. Provision of medical care is classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary care ...
Find information about Francis Marion University health fair. Whether you are considering an associates degree (CNA, LVN, or ... Delivers quality nursing care through the utilization of the nursing process. Works collaboratively with other members of the ... Read your health plans summary of benefits to learn what is covered and what is excluded. Health insurance only pays for care ... Preventive care helps doctors catch health problems early, with a better chance of successful treatment. Blood pressure, ...
Find information about Merrimack College health fair. Seek out accredited nursing programs for the best training. Given a brief ... RN Care Manager Utilization Review. Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Hospital. Current California Nursing license. Bachelor of ... Read your health plans summary of benefits to learn what is covered and what is excluded. Health insurance only pays for care ... Preventive care helps doctors catch health problems early, with a better chance of successful treatment. Blood pressure, ...
National Center of Environmental Health (NCEH) - National Asthma Control Program ... Health care providers - Medical clinics/physicians officeplus icon *Health care providers - Other ... Resources for Health Professionals and Schoolsplus icon * Health Care Professionalsplus icon *Got asthma? Get your flu shots! ... Health care Utilization. Data Source: Adult Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), 2014 and Child Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), 2012 ...
National Center of Environmental Health (NCEH) - National Asthma Control Program ... Health care providers - Medical clinics/physicians officeplus icon *Health care providers - Other ... Resources for Health Professionals and Schoolsplus icon * Health Care Professionalsplus icon *Got asthma? Get your flu shots! ... Public Health Professionalsplus icon * Asthma: A Presentation of Asthma Management and Prevention. plus icon *Preface ...
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... and there will be an increase in health care utilization by this population. The primary care utilization rate of 2.63 primary ... 3.5 million non-pregnancy-related primary care visits in the Military Health System to describe health care utilization ... No previous studies have examined health care utilization by adolescents and young adults in the Military Health System (MHS). ... If health care is available and affordable, young adults will use it. In fact, young adult women use health care more than ...
Preventive dental care is a critical element in the ongoing improvement in oral health care in the United States. In this study ... The Effect of Community-Level Unemployment on Preventive Oral Health Care Utilization. * *February 1, 2009 ... The Effect of Community-Level Unemployment on Preventive Oral Health Care Utilization (Web) ... The study measures preventive dental care utilization by the number of preventive visits in each community. This data came from ...
... array of individual-level and state-level factors that may contribute to the geographic variation in health care utilization. ... health status, their health behavior as well as supply-side state-level factors. ... This paper exploits rich SOEP microdata to analyze state-level variation in health care utilization in Germany. Unlike most ... I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets. *I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare ...
... and the multinomial choice of health care provider. The results show that income is not an important determinant of health care ... It provides a broad analytical framework for analyzing both the binary decision to seek formal health care in the event of ... Notwithstanding efforts by the Mozambican government to promote access to health care, many who could benefit from simple cost- ... effective health care services do not currently receive treatment. Moreover, it is known that the utilization of health ...
... and access to and utilization of care.5, 26,28,37 Mortality may reflect availability and utilization of health care, access to ... National Center for Health Statistics, unpublished manuscript). Such differences in utilization of and access to health care ... National Center for Health Statistics; 1983 (Vital and health statistics, series 13: data from the National Health Care Survey ... National Center for Health Statistics; 1987 (Vital and health statistics, series 13: data from the National Health Care Survey ...
Access to and Utilization of Oral Health Care by Homeless Children/Families ... From: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. Volume 21, Number 2, May 2010 Supplement pp. 67-81 ... This prospective study elucidated predictors of access, oral health, and the effectiveness of shelter-based care. A convenience ... Shelter-based care was effective in improving access: 43% of families secured dental appointments and perceived access barriers ...
That period was characterized as a time of institutional changes in the health sector. ... This paper aims to analyse the determinants of health care utilization and catastrophic expenditure in Argentina using 1997 ... Health financing in Argentina: an empirical study of health care utilization and health care expenditure. pdf, 485kb ... Health financing in Argentina: an empirical study of health care utilization and health care expenditure. Discussion paper, ...
... Jonathan ... w17069 Income-Based Disparities in Health Care Utilization under Universal Coverage in Brazil. ... we find that the 30 Baht program led to increased health care utilization, as well as a shift from private to public sources of ... NBER Program(s):Health Economics The Thai 30 Baht program was one of the largest health system reforms ever undertaken by a low ...
Utilization of e-health services was defined as scheduling appointments, communicating with health care providers, and ... Electronic health (e-health) services have become increasingly important as a method to improve access to health care, ... Future studies may identify barriers and enablers to e-health service utilization and assess its relevance to better health ... Healthy People 2020 includes objectives related to e-health to improve population health outcomes and to reduce health ...
Kamel, M.I., Rashed, S., Foda, N., Mohie, A. & Loutfy, M. (‎2003)‎. Gender differences in health care utilization and outcome ... Gender differences in health care utilization and outcome of respiratory tuberculosis in Alexandria. ... A study of gender differences in health care utilization and outcome of respiratory tuberculosis was carried out in Alexandria ... Multiple regression analysis showed satisfaction with medical care was the only significant predictor of treatment failure ...
Health care utilization is very high and physician practices should be reassessed. Following controller therapy, health care ... We described health care utilization and the odds ratio for subsequent utilization after 3 and 12 months controller therapy. ... asthma; controller treatment; health care utilization; infantile asthma; infants; inhaled corticosteroids; leukotriene receptor ... Using the electronic data repository of Clalit Health Services, the largest integrated health care provider in Israel, we ...
C. Garris, P. M. Jhingran, N. M. Engel-Nitz et al., "Cost impact of lupus in a large US managed care health plan," in ... Healthcare Utilization and Costs of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Medicaid. Hong J. Kan,1 Xue Song,2 Barbara H. Johnson,3 ... 1U.S. Health Outcomes, GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. 2Pharma, Truven Health Analytics Inc., Cambridge ... 3Pharma, Truven Health Analytics Inc., Washington, DC 20008, USA. 4European Market Access at Critical Disease Business Unit, ...
... information about access to health-care services and to investigate the potential barriers affecting full access to health-care ... Lucas JW, Barr-Anderson DJ, Kington RS (2003) Health status, health insurance, and health care utilization patterns of ... Access to health-care in Canadian immigrants: a longitudinal study of the National Population Health Survey. Health Soc Care ... Hasnain-Wynia R, Wolf MS (2010) Promoting health care equity: is health literacy a missing link? Health Serv Res 45:897-903 ...
Associations between Practice-Reported Medical Homeness and Health Care Utilization among Publicly Insured Children Brief ... Associations between Practice-Reported Medical Homeness and Health Care Utilization among Publicly Insured Children. ... Associations between Practice-Reported Medical Homeness and Health Care Utilization among Publicly Insured Children. ... this study estimates the association between medical homeness and health care utilization by children with Medicaid. Multilevel ...
The influence of obesity, alcohol abuse, and smoking on utilization of health care services.. Bertakis KD1, Azari R. ... Health care providers should focus attention on smoking prevention and cessation programs as an approach for managing medical ... Our objective was to examine the relative effects of obesity, alcohol abuse, and smoking on health care use and associated ... New adult patients (n=509) were randomly assigned to primary care physicians, and their utilization of medical services was ...
... found that even in the situation where utilization of healthcare services such as mammography and regular primary care ... of breast cancer cases diagnosed in a managed health care system found that in patients with equal access to healthcare, ... In this population of women with similar healthcare access and use, the authors conclude that "the persistent findings of ... Few studies, however, have fully controlled for healthcare access between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women with breast cancer. ...
Poster Session II: Quality of life, palliative & supportive care, ethics and health economics ... HEALTHCARE RESOURCE UTILIZATION (HCRU) IN PATIENTS (PTS) WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED (ND) ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA (AML) TREATED IN THE ... HEALTHCARE RESOURCE UTILIZATION (HCRU) IN PATIENTS (PTS) WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED (ND) ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA (AML) TREATED IN THE ... Home , June 2019 - Volume 3 - Issue , HEALTHCARE RESOURCE UTILIZATION (HCRU) IN PATIENTS (PTS) WIT... ...
Parental depression is also related to an increased child health and mental health service utilization and expenditure. ... Children of parents with depression are at increased risk for a range of health problems. ... Parental depression, child mental health problems, and health care utilization Med Care. 2003 Jun;41(6):716-21. doi: 10.1097/01 ... Measures: Mental health problems, total health expenditures, and mental health expenditures. Results: Children of parents with ...
... this brief draws on interviews and survey data to capture health center directors and staffs perceptions of changes in ... learn about the possible early effects of the public charge rule and other immigration policies on patients at community health ... Impact of Shifting Immigration Policy on Medicaid Enrollment and Utilization of Care among Health Center Patients. Jennifer ... Low-income Women and Their Health Providers in Three Communities Talk about Access to Care, Reproductive Health, and ...
Another limitation of the model is its emphasis on health care utilization or adopting health outcomes as a dichotomous factor ... Andersen, Ronald M.; Davidson, Pamela L.; Baumeister, Sebastian E. "Improving Access to Care in: Chaning the U.S. Health Care ... Andersen, Ronald M.; Davidson, Pamela L.; Baumeister, Sebastian E. "Improving Access to Care in: Chaning the U.S. Health Care ... According to the model, usage of health services (including inpatient care, physician visits, dental care etc.) is determined ...

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