Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Sexual activities of humans.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
The status of health in rural populations.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
The status of health in urban populations.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Sexual activities of animals.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The transfer of information from experts in the medical and public health fields to patients and the public. The study and use of communication strategies to inform and influence individual and community decisions that enhance health.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
The interactions between parent and child.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Health care provided to individuals.
Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc,, accessed 4/23/2009)
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.

Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997. (1/6426)

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

Hygiene behaviour in rural Nicaragua in relation to diarrhoea. (2/6426)

BACKGROUND: Childhood diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Nicaragua. Amongst the risk factors for its transmission are 'poor' hygiene practices. We investigated the effect of a large number of hygiene practices on diarrhoeal disease in children aged <2 years and validated the technique of direct observation of hygiene behaviour. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was carried out in a rural zone of Nicaragua. From the database of a previously conducted case-control study on water and sanitation 172 families were recruited, half of which had experienced a higher than expected rate of diarrhoea in their children and the other half a lower rate. Hygiene behaviour was observed over two mornings and diarrhoea incidence was recorded with a calendar, filled out by the mother, and collected every week for 5 months. RESULTS: Of 46 'good' practices studied, 39 were associated with a lower risk of diarrhoea, five were unrelated and only for two a higher risk was observed. Washing of hands, domestic cleanliness (kitchen, living room, yard) and the use of a diaper/underclothes by the child had the strongest protective effect. Schooling (>3 years of primary school) and better economic position (possession of a radio) had a positive influence on general hygiene behaviour, education having a slightly stronger effect when a radio was present. Individual hygiene behaviour appeared to be highly variable in contrast with the consistent behaviour of the community as a whole. Feasible and appropriate indicators of hygiene behaviour were found to be domestic cleanliness and the use of a diaper or underclothes by the child. CONCLUSION: A consistent relationship between almost all hygiene practices and diarrhoea was detected, more schooling producing better hygiene behaviour. The high variability of hygiene behaviour at the individual level requires repeated observations (at least two) before and after the hygiene education in the event one wants to measure the impact of the campaign on the individual.  (+info)

Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older. (3/6426)

Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.  (+info)

Women's interest in vaginal microbicides. (4/6426)

CONTEXT: Each year, an estimated 15 million new cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, occur in the United States. Women are not only at a disadvantage because of their biological and social susceptibility, but also because of the methods that are available for prevention. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1,000 women aged 18-44 in the continental United States who had had sex with a man in the last 12 months were interviewed by telephone. Analyses identified levels and predictors of women's worry about STDs and interest in vaginal microbicides, as well as their preferences regarding method characteristics. Numbers of potential U.S. microbicide users were estimated. RESULTS: An estimated 21.3 million U.S. women have some potential current interest in using a microbicidal product. Depending upon product specifications and cost, as many as 6.0 million women who are worried about getting an STD would be very interested in current use of a microbicide. These women are most likely to be unmarried and not cohabiting, of low income and less education, and black or Hispanic. They also are more likely to have visited a doctor for STD symptoms or to have reduced their sexual activity because of STDs, to have a partner who had had other partners in the past year, to have no steady partner or to have ever used condoms for STD prevention. CONCLUSIONS: A significant minority of women in the United States are worried about STDs and think they would use vaginal microbicides. The development, testing and marketing of such products should be expedited.  (+info)

Condom use and HIV risk behaviors among U.S. adults: data from a national survey. (5/6426)

CONTEXT: How much condom use among U.S. adults varies by type of partner or by risk behavior is unclear. Knowledge of such differentials would aid in evaluating the progress being made toward goals for levels of condom use as part of the Healthy People 2000 initiative. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 1996 National Household Survey of Drug Abuse, an annual household-based probability sample of the noninstitutionalized population aged 12 and older that measures the use of illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco. The personal behaviors module included 25 questions covering sexual activity in the past year, frequency of condom use in the past year, circumstances of the last sexual encounter and HIV testing. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of adults reported using a condom at last intercourse outside of an ongoing relationship, while only 19% reported using condoms when the most recent intercourse occurred within a steady relationship. Within ongoing relationships, condom use was highest among respondents who were younger, black, of lower income and from large metropolitan areas. Forty percent of unmarried adults used a condom at last sex, compared with the health objective of 50% for the year 2000. Forty percent of injecting drug users used condoms at last intercourse, compared with the 60% condom use objective for high-risk individuals. Significantly, persons at increased risk for HIV because of their sexual behavior or drug use were not more likely to use condoms than were persons not at increased risk; only 22% used condoms during last intercourse within an ongoing relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial progress has been made toward national goals for increasing condom use. The rates of condom use by individuals at high risk of HIV need to be increased, however, particularly condom use with a steady partner.  (+info)

Follow-up care in general practice of patients with myocardial infarction or angina pectoris: initial results of the SHIP trial. Southampton Heart Integrated Care Project. (6/6426)

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of a nurse-led programme to ensure that follow-up care is provided in general practice after hospital diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) or angina pectoris. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with stratified random allocation of practices to intervention and control groups within all 67 practices in Southampton and South-West Hampshire, England. The subjects were 422 adult patients with a MI and 175 patients with a new diagnosis of angina recruited during hospital admission or chest pain clinic attendance between April 1995 and September 1996. Intervention involved a programme of secondary preventive care led by specialist liaison nurses in which we sought to improve communication between hospital and general practice and to encourage general practice nurses to provide structured follow-up. The main outcome measures were: extent of general practice follow-up; attendance for cardiac rehabilitation; medication prescribed at hospital discharge; self-reported smoking, diet and exercise; and symptoms of chest pain and shortness of breath. Follow-ups of 90.1 % of subjects at 1 month and 80.6% at 4 months were carried out. RESULTS: Median attendance for nurse follow-up in the 4 months following diagnosis was 3 (IQR 2-5) in intervention practices and 0 (IQR 0-1) in control practices; the median number of visits to a doctor was the same in both groups. At hospital discharge, levels of prescribing of preventive medication were low in both intervention and control groups: aspirin 77 versus 74% (P = 0.32), cholesterol lowering agents 9 versus 10% (P = 0.8). Conversely, 1 month after diagnosis, the vast majority of patients in both groups reported healthy lifestyles: 90 versus 84% reported eating healthy food (P = 0.53); 73 versus 67% taking regular exercise (P = 0.13); 89 versus 92% not smoking (P = 0.77). Take up of cardiac rehabilitation was 37% in the intervention group and 22% in the control group (P = 0.001); the median number of sessions attended was also higher (5 versus 3 out of 6). CONCLUSIONS: The intervention of a liaison nurse is effective in ensuring that general practice nurses follow-up patients after hospital discharge. It does not alter the number of follow-up visits made by the patient to the doctor. Levels of prescribing and reported changes in behaviour at hospital discharge indicate that the main tasks facing practice nurses during follow-up are to help patients to sustain changes in behaviour, to encourage doctors to prescribe appropriate medication and to encourage patients to adhere to medication while returning to an active life. These are very different tasks to those traditionally undertaken by practice nurses in relation to primary prevention, where the emphasis has been on identifying risk and motivating change. Assessment of the effectiveness of practice nurses in undertaking these new tasks requires a longer follow-up.  (+info)

Socioeconomic and behavioral factors leading to acquired bacterial resistance to antibiotics in developing countries. (7/6426)

In developing countries, acquired bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents is common in isolates from healthy persons and from persons with community-acquired infections. Complex socioeconomic and behavioral factors associated with antibiotic resistance, particularly regarding diarrheal and respiratory pathogens, in developing tropical countries, include misuse of antibiotics by health professionals, unskilled practitioners, and laypersons; poor drug quality; unhygienic conditions accounting for spread of resistant bacteria; and inadequate surveillance.  (+info)

Exercise clinical trials in cancer prevention research: a call to action. (8/6426)

The experimental study design can yield valuable information in measuring the association between physical activity and occurrence of cancers. Randomized clinical exercise trials can provide insight into the avenues through which physical activity might affect cancer development and can provide experience with diffusing an exercise intervention into certain populations. This report describes the potential utility of the randomized clinical trial design in providing answers about bias, mechanisms, behavior change, and dose-response in defining the causal pathway between physical activity and cancer. The challenges and limitations of exercise clinical trial are discussed. The research experience in cardiovascular disease and exercise is used as a model for developing a research agenda to explore the potential role of physical activity as a cancer-prevention modality. We recommend that a series of small clinical trials of exercise interventions be conducted to measure exercise change effects on biomarkers for cancer risk, to learn about exercise behavior change in individuals at risk for cancer, and to serve as feasibility studies for larger randomized controlled trials of cancer and precursor end points and for community intervention studies.  (+info)

Purpose: Adherence to preventive health behaviors for chronic diseases would avert 80% of all heart disease, stroke, type II diabetes, and more than 40% of cancer cases. The purpose of this study is to describe the preventive health behaviors for chronic diseases among Mexican Americans residing along U.S.-Mexico border and in the U.S. Method: Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were conducted on two rich data sets for Mexican Americans. The first data set (n=1439) was from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC), a prospective cohort study of Mexican American adults aged 18 years and older living in a large and poor city along the Texas- Mexico border. The second data set was the Hispanic Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for 2009, a national random sample telephone survey (n=30075). Results:In the CCHC, the sample (67.06% female) has a mean age of 48.06 ± 15.60 years, 48.81% employed, 45.66% has less than high school education, 77.57% chose to complete the survey in Spanish
Social group trends in health related behaviours in Wales, 1985-1990 by Christopher Smith, Health Promotion Wales starting at . Social group trends in health related behaviours in Wales, 1985-1990 has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris
Media reports of health research are an everyday occurrence. While informative, when recommendations change, consumers are confused about what health behaviors are best for them. This confusion leads to doubt, and many consumers fail to perform the recommended behavior, but also unrelated health behaviors. Our research considers what types of guideline changes cause these negative reactions (Study 1), what types of psychological processes and traits contribute to these reactions (Study 2), and what types of interventions attenuate these reactions (Study 3). The presentation will focus on the success of these interventions, which are designed to accompany media reports of health research. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of an integrated package of nutrition behavior change interventions on infant and young child feeding practices and child growth from birth to 18 months. T2 - Cohort evaluation of the baduta cluster randomized controlled trial in east Java, Indonesia. AU - Fahmida, Umi. AU - Htet, Min Kyaw. AU - Ferguson, Elaine. AU - Do, Tran Thanh. AU - Buanasita, Annas. AU - Titaley, Christiana. AU - Alam, Ashraful. AU - Sutrisna, Aang. AU - Li, Mu. AU - Ariawan, Iwan. AU - Dibley, Michael John. N1 - Funding Information: Funding: This paper reports the evaluation of phase one (2014-2017) of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) Baduta Program in Sidoarjo and Malang districts of East Java. The study was funded from a grant by the Kingdom of the Netherlands to GAIN [activity number:400000062], who contracted a consortium led by the University of Sydney to conduct an independent impact evaluation. Responsibility for the contents and the opinions expressed rests solely with the ...
Efforts to reduce health disparities among Chinese American elderly in the U.S. are significantly hampered by the lack of disaggregated epidemiological and behavioral data on older Asian Americans. A more sophisticated understanding of culture is also required to move towards addressing health disparities in older ages, in particular understanding culture-bound factors that contribute to preventive health activities and health care use. In order to address these challenges, this study applies the Andersen Model of Health Care Utilization to analyze the relevance of different measures of acculturation and identify consistent patterns of predisposing, enabling, and need factors that are associated with five different preventive health activities and self-reported health for older Chinese Americans, ages 50 and over. The study also examines the additional impact of proximity to ethnic enclaves on those outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved ...
Health Behavior Science students explore healthy lifestyles through evaluation on how human actions, perceptions, communication, and environment affect health, chronic disease, relationships, and quality of life. Students acquire skills in health behavior analysis, behavior change strategies, and program development and evaluation.. Studying Health Behavior Science can prepare students for specialist positions in public health, health and wellness, non-profits, medical offices, and worksite wellness. It will also prepare students for post-graduate studies in public health, physical therapy, occupational therapy, accelerated nursing, and medicine.. Learn more about our undergraduate major in Health Behavior Science and Health Behavior Science with a Concentration in Health and Disability. Graduate programs include Doctor of Philosophy in Health Behavior Science and Promotion, Master of Science in Health Promotion, and Graduate Certificate in Health Coaching. ...
Research examining the relationship between psychological distress and health behaviors is limited, as most of these studies examine one type of psychological distress and relate it to one type of health behavior. To address this limitation, an exploratory study was conducted that included online self-report measures of a wide range of positive health behaviors (Health Behavior Checklist; HBC) and a wide range of different types of psychological distress (Brief Symptom Inventory; BSI). Participants were 762 undergraduate students from the University of Central Florida (55% female). Results revealed that the total BSI score showed statistically significant negative correlations with the HBC total score and all four HBC subscales. Thus, participants reporting more overall psychological distress reported that they engaged in fewer positive health behaviors, across all health behavior subtypes. Stepwise regressions that examined the nine BSI subscales and their relationship with the HBC total score revealed
Why Culture Matters in Health Interventions: Lessons From HIV/AIDS Stigma and NCDs. Theories about health behavior are commonly used in public health and often frame problems as ascribed or related to individuals actions or inaction. This framing suggests that poor health occurs because individuals are unable or unwilling to heed preventive messages or recommended treatment actions. The recent United Nations call for strategies to reduce the global disease burden of noncommunicable diseases like diabetes requires a reassessment of individual-based approaches to behavior change. We argue that public health and health behavior intervention should focus more on culture than behavior to achieve meaningful and sustainable change resulting in positive health outcomes. To change negative health behaviors, one must first identify and promote positive health behaviors within the cultural logic of its contexts. To illustrate these points, we discuss stigma associated with obesity and human ...
NEXT is a seven-year longitudinal assessment of a representative sample of U.S. adolescent and young adults starting at grade 10. The goals of the NEXT longitudinal study include: to identify the trajectory of adolescent health status and health behaviors from mid-adolescence through the post high school years; to examine individual predictors of the onset of key adolescent risk behaviors and risk indicators during this period; to identify genetic, personal, family, school, and social/environmental factors that promote or sustain positive health behaviors; to identify transition points in health risk and risk behaviors and changes in family, school, and social/environmental precursors to these transitions, and to examine the role of potential gene-environment interactions in the development of health status and health behaviors. .. This study collects reliable and valid data on health behaviors and health indicators and their social, environmental, and biological contexts beginning with a ...
NEXT is a seven-year longitudinal assessment of a representative sample of U.S. adolescent and young adults starting at grade 10. The goals of the NEXT longitudinal study include: to identify the trajectory of adolescent health status and health behaviors from mid-adolescence through the post high school years; to examine individual predictors of the onset of key adolescent risk behaviors and risk indicators during this period; to identify genetic, personal, family, school, and social/environmental factors that promote or sustain positive health behaviors; to identify transition points in health risk and risk behaviors and changes in family, school, and social/environmental precursors to these transitions, and to examine the role of potential gene-environment interactions in the development of health status and health behaviors.. This study collects reliable and valid data on health behaviors and health indicators and their social, environmental, and biological contexts beginning with a ...
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
From the Abstract of this journal article, appearing in Communication Theory, Volume 13 Issue 2, Pages 164 - 183: This article demonstrates the usefulness of two theories for the development o
Risk beliefs are central to most theories of health behavior, yet many unanswered questions remain about an increasingly studied risk construct, anticipated regret. The authors sought to better understand anticipated regrets role in motivating health behaviors. The authors systematically searched electronic databases for studies of anticipated regret and behavioral intentions or health behavior. They used random effects meta-analysis to synthesize effect sizes from 81 studies ( = 45,618). Anticipated regret was associated with both intentions (+ = .50, , .001) and health behavior (+ = .29, , .001). Greater anticipated regret from engaging in a behavior (i.e., action regret) predicted weaker intentions and behavior, whereas greater anticipated regret from not engaging in a behavior (i.e., inaction regret) predicted stronger intentions and behavior. Anticipated action regret had smaller associations with behavioral intentions related to less severe and more distal hazards, but these moderation ...
We examined the clustering of multiple health behaviours during pregnancy in the Born in Bradford cohort, including smoking physical inactivity, vitamin d supplementation and exposure to second-hand smoke.Latent class analysis was used to identifygroups of individuals with similar patterns of health behaviours separately for White British (WB) and Pakistani mothers. Multinomial regression was then used to examine the association between group membership and birth outcomes, which included preterm birth and mean birthweight.. ...
Read Health Behavior Change by Pip Mason with Rakuten Kobo. Engagingly written by experts with worldwide reputations in the field, Health Behavior Change presents an exciting metho...
The purpose of this Request for Proposals (RFP) is to secure the services of a consultant to conduct a review of the literature examining best, promising and negative practices for small-group nutrition and/or physical activity behaviour change and education programs targeted to women over the age of 45. The literature review will be done using the criteria developed by Sahay, Rootman and Ashbury in the Review of nutrition interventions for cancer prevention for Cancer Care Ontario (see the Flow-Charts in Figure 1 and 2 of the document, available on the Internet at ... provides nutrition education and resources based on health behavior change modules that change according to different behavior changes.
Stroke continues to be a public health problem, and risk perceptions are key to understanding peoples thoughts about stroke risk and their preventive health behaviors. This review identifies how the perceived risk of stroke has been measured and outcomes in terms of levels, predictors, accuracy, and intervention results. Sixteen studies were included. The perceived risk of stroke has primarily been assessed with single-item measures; no multi-item surveys were found. In general, people tend to perceive a low-moderate risk of stroke; the most common predictors of higher stroke risk perceptions were having risk factors for stroke (hypertension, diabetes) and a higher number of risk factors ...
Steinmetz, H., Knappstein, M., Ajzen, I., Schmidt, P., &, Kabst, R. (2016). How effective are behavior change interventions based on the theory of planned behavior? A three-level meta-analysis. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 224(3), 216-233 ...
Introduction: Health is highly valued by individuals as well as whole social groups. Lifestyle, and related with this health behaviors are believed to be the main factors that largely determine its condition. Poland is a country, where the number of malignant cancer morbidity is systematically increasing. Breast cancer is the most common among women aged 45 years old. Despite the relative stability of the mortality outcomes the rate of it is still high. This situation is influenced by many factors, including the limited awareness of the value of health-related behaviors. Material and methods: The study included 70 women aged 45-75 years old. The study and control group consisted of: 36 women with breast cancer and 34 women without cancer in history. The specifically developed questionnaire and the Positive Health Behaviors Scale for Women developed by Hildt-Ciupińska were used in this study. IBM SPSS v. 21.0 was used for statistical analysis and non-parametric U-Mann Whitney test. Results: The ...
Are patients more willing to engage in a behavior intervention when general health is emphasized over a focus specifically on tobacco or alcohol use? The authors of this study examined intervention preferences of primary care patients who recently screened positive for tobacco use and at-risk drinking. Their findings will be useful as you incorporate similar interventions in your own practice.
Results For all outcomes except grip strength there was a dose-response relationship between healthy behaviour score and outcomes. For example, in men with four healthy behaviours and no baseline ADL problems, at 18-year follow-up 78.4% had no ADL problems, 6.6% had ADL problems, and 15.0% had died. In men with no healthy behaviours and no ADL problems at baseline, at follow-up 35.1% had no ADL problems, 8.8% had ADL problems, and 56.1% had died. Results in women were comparable but ADL differences were more marked. Number of healthy behaviours was related to follow-up cognitive function, mental health, walk speed, and lung function but not grip strength. Results were robust to adjustment for socioeconomic status (SES: measures of health, income, and level of education) and in analyses stratified by SES similar differences were found in relation to healthy behaviours within strata.. ...
People can live longer if they practice 1 or more healthy lifestyle behaviors - getting regular physical activity, not smoking, eating a healthy diet, and limiting alcohol - according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). During the study period, people who engaged in all 4 healthy behaviors were 63% less likely to die early, compared with people who did not practice any of the behaviors. Not smoking provided the most protection from dying from all of the causes examined. People who engaged in all 4 healthy behaviors were 66% less likely to die early from cancer, 65% less likely to die early from cardiovascular disease, and 57% less likely to die early from other causes compared with people who did not engage in any of the healthy behaviors.. Although studies have shown only a small percentage of people have adopted all of these healthy lifestyle behaviors, significant progress has been made in decreasing the rate of people who smoke. This study adds to the mounting ...
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.. The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery. ...
Multiple health behaviors could have greater impact on chronic diseases than single behaviors, but correlates of behavioral clusters are relatively understudied. Using data from NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (initiated in 1995) for 324,522 participants from the U.S. (age 50-71), we conducted explor …
RESULTS: In the past month, 36% reported drinking, 28% reported bingeing, and 23% reported drunkenness (11%, 5%, and 7%, respectively, 6 or more times). In the past year, 82% saw a doctor. Of that group, 54% were asked about drinking, 40% were advised about related harms, and 17% were advised to reduce or stop. Proportions seeing a doctor and asked about drinking were similar across drinking patterns. Respondents asked about drinking were more often advised to reduce or stop. Frequent drinkers, bingers, and those drunk were more often advised to reduce or stop. Nonetheless, only 25% of them received that advice from physicians. In comparison, 36% of frequent smokers, 27% of frequent marijuana users, and 42% of frequent other drug users were advised to reduce or quit those behaviors. ...
It is important to confirm health benefits experienced by breast cancer survivors after participation in a physical activity behavior change interventio
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Background: Lifestyle-related diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers represent the greatest global health threat. Greater insight into health needs and beliefs, using broad community samples, is vital to reduce the burden of chronic disease. This study aimed to investigate gender, age, screening practices, health beliefs, and perceived future health needs for healthy ageing. Methods: Random probability sampling using self-completion surveys in 1456 adults residing in Australia. Results: Screening behaviors were associated with gender and age. Men and women >51 years were more likely (27%) to have screening health checks than those ...
Research in Health Behavior (1-10 cr.) P: Graduate GPA of at least 3.0 and consent of instructor. Research projects in the area of health behavior are conducted under the direction of a member of the graduate teaching faculty. Enrollment is limited to advanced doctoral students, and project proposals must be approved in advance ...
Research in Health Behavior (1-10 cr.) P: Graduate GPA of at least 3.0 and consent of instructor. Research projects in the area of health behavior are conducted under the direction of a member of the graduate teaching faculty. Enrollment is limited to advanced doctoral students, and project proposals must be approved in advance ...
The 2016 Japan Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth consists of Health Behaviors and Outcomes (7 indicators), and Influences on Health Behaviors (4 indicators). Three Health Behaviors and Outcomes received C grades (Participation in Sport; Sedentary Behavior; Recreational Screen Time; Physical Fitness), while 2 indicators could not be graded (Overall Physical Activity, and Active Play). The indicators Active Transportation (B) and Weight Status were favorable (A). In the Influences domain, Family Influence and Community and the Built Environment were graded as D, while School and Government Strategies and Investments were favorable (B). ...
From the February 2017 issue of Research Now). The American Academy of Health Behavior (AAHB) serves as a research home for health behavior scholars and researchers whose primary commitment is to excellence in research and the application of research to improve public health. Lara McKenzie, PhD, principal investigator in the Center for Injury Research and Policy at The Research Institute at Nationwide Childrens Hospital, was unanimously endorsed as a fellow by the AAHB Board of Directors, conferred as an indication of distinction and based solely on merit, because of her significant record and scientific accomplishments.. According to the AAHB, minimum requirements to become a fellow are to have authored or co-authored at least 50 refereed research papers published in national or international journals that regularly report the findings of original health behavior research. In addition, candidates must also meet one of the following criteria: (1) presented at least 75 scientific papers at ...
An analysis of nearly 25 years of data for about 10,000 civil servants in London finds an association between socioeconomic position and risk of death, with much of this relation accounted for by health behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and physical activity, according to a study in the March 24/31 issue of JAMA.. The higher prevalence of unhealthy behaviors in lower socioeconomic positions is seen to be one of the mechanisms linking lower socioeconomic position to worse health. However, major changes have occurred in population lifestyles. These include the decreasing prevalence of smoking and a remarkable increase in obesity since the 1990s. Given that changes in health behaviors may be socially patterned, previous studies with a single assessment of behaviors may have provided an inaccurate estimation of their contribution to the association between socioeconomic factors and mortality, the authors write. Silvia Stringhini, M.Sc., of the Centre for Research in Epidemiology ...
Physical therapists (PTs) can effectively counsel patients with respect to lifestyle behavior change, at least in the short term, say authors of a systematic review published in the November issue of Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. PTs can be effective health counselors individually or within an interprofessional team, they add. For this review, the authors searched databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1950 to July 2010. Studies were limited to the English, German, and Dutch languages. They evaluated methodological quality using the Downs and Black tool. Seven source articles with a mean quality score of 16.57 ± 4.24 points (range: low = 0; high = 28) were retrieved. Given considerable methodological heterogeneity, the studies were compared in a narrative synthesis. The target populations, types and periods of interventions, outcome measures, and findings were analyzed. According to the authors, multiple health behavior ...
This study investigated the specific health-promoting behaviors employed by early adolescents (n = 246) and their subjective well-being (SWB) to provide an understanding of how mental and physical wellness relate in teens. Participants self-reported on their dietary habits, physical activity, sleep hygiene, safety habits, and attitudes toward substance use. A comprehensive assessment of SWB was also gathered (i.e., global life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect). The researcher hypothesized that each of the five health-promoting behaviors assessed in the current study would have significant, positive correlations with the SWB of early adolescents, in that youth who reported higher levels of engagement in these healthy behaviors also would report higher levels of happiness. Furthermore, demographic characteristics of gender, race, and socioeconomic status were hypothesized to play a moderating role in the relationship between health promotion and happiness. Findings demonstrated
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, non-traumatic disease of the central nervous system (CNS). There is a growing need for alternative approaches to managing healthcare in MS. Targeting multiple, co-occurring health risk factors represents a holistic approach for managing comorbidities and many of the neuroperformance consequences of MS. Methods: Sixty-nine participants with MS completed self-report measures of smoking status, nutrition, alcohol use, physical activity levels, comorbidity and neuroperformance outcomes and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. The data were analyzed using t-tests and chi-square analyses in SPSS Statistics 22.0. Results: Of participants with two or more risk factors, 90.3% were not meeting dietary and physical activity guidelines. Total number of comorbidities (z=2.36, p=0.02), cardiovascular disease symptoms (z=2.63, p=0.01), T25FW speed (z=2.53, p=0.01), and 6MW distance (z=2.61, p=0.01) had significant differences in the cluster of ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Health Promotion Strategies LLC is very pleased to announce certification by New York State as a Womens Minority or Business Enterprise, or M/WBE.. Most contracts with New York State require that there is a percentage, often 25-30% of expenditures are with businesses that have MBWE certification. Health Promotion Strategies will help you to meet that requirement.. M/WBE-certification. ...
Background: The use of motivational interviewing (MI) for changing unhealthy behaviour of ischemic heart disease patients forces us to find methods for its effectiveness evaluation. One of the solutions could be the transtheoretical model (TTM). It is a stage-based theory of behaviour changes. Movement through the stages is hypothesized to be caused by the processes of change, decisional balance and temptation. The objective of this study is to find out how TTM can show health behaviour changes for ischemic heart disease patients. Methods: One to three MI sessions has been successfully applied for 12 cardiac patients during their rehabilitation treatment period. TTMs Readiness to Change Questionnaire was used to evaluate behaviour changes at the beginning and at the end of MI treatment. Findings: There were 7 patients at precontemplation, 5 at contemplation and none at action stages at the begining of MI sessions. Results showed that 5 patients stayed at contemplation stage but 4 patients moved ...
Empirical evidence exists showing a correlation between social support and health behaviors. However, does social support act the same across several health behaviors? The purpose of this study was to determine if social support has an impact across diet, physical activity and smoking in adults. The participants were 2,821 adults over the age of 40 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2006, NHANES III). Multiple regression models were used to explore such a correlation. The findings suggest that social support does not act the same across varying health behaviors. The findings also suggest that educational attainment was the consistent predictor of adult health behaviors. Those participants that had higher education were more likely to exercise, less likely to smoke and more likely to adhere to food labels. The results from this study suggest that varying sources of social support is not a consistent predictor of health behaviors.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Aging and health behaviors in Mexican Americans. AU - Markides, Kyriakos S.. AU - Black, Sandra A.. PY - 1996/7. Y1 - 1996/7. N2 - This article discusses selected health behaviors and how they influence health in old age among Mexican Americans based on the literature and a recent large-scale study of elderly subjects. Particular focus is given to smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and physical activity, and cancer-screening behaviors. Sociocultural factors influencing these health behaviors include socioeconomic status, language barriers, and level of acculturation into the larger society. Implications for health promotion are also discussed.. AB - This article discusses selected health behaviors and how they influence health in old age among Mexican Americans based on the literature and a recent large-scale study of elderly subjects. Particular focus is given to smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and physical activity, and cancer-screening behaviors. Sociocultural factors ...
Rationale The reasoned action approach (RAA) is a social cognitive model that outlines the determinants of intentional behavior. Primary and meta-analytic studies support RAA predictions for multiple health behaviors. However, including past behavior as a predictor in the RAA may attenuate model effects. Direct effects of past behavior on behavior may reflect non-conscious processes whereas indirect effects of past behavior through social cognitive variables may represent reasoned processes. Objective The present study extended a previous meta-analysis of the RAA by including effects of past behavior. The analysis also tested effects of candidate moderators of model predictions: behavioral frequency, behavior type, and measurement lag. Method We augmented a previous meta-analytic data set with correlations between model constructs and past behavior. We tested RAA models that included and excluded past behavior using meta-analytic structural equation modeling and compared the effects. Separate ...
Downloadable! During the postwar period German states pursued policies to increase the share of young Germans obtaining a university entrance diploma (Abitur) by building more academic track schools, but the timing of educational expansion differed between states. This creates exogenous variation in the availability of higher education, which allows estimating the causal effect of education on health behaviors. Using the number of academic track schools in a state as an instrumental variable for years of schooling, we investigate the causal effect of schooling on health behavior such as smoking and related outcomes such as obesity. We find large negative effects of education on smoking. These effects can mostly be attributed to reductions in starting rates rather than increases in quitting rates. We find no causal effect of education on reduced overweight and obesity.
Abstract: Background: Health-promoting practices, such as eating a nutrient-rich diet and being physically active, are considered proactive coping behaviors when they pre-emptively reduce the amount of stress individuals experience. However, when people experience stress they tend to cope by adopting health-defeating behaviors, such as consuming energy-dense foods or becoming less active. These be... read morehaviors have weight implications. This thesis explores the extent to which the relationships among proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors influence body weight. Aims: This study examines: 1) Associations between proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and weight status among new immigrant (,10 years in the US) mothers and, 2) Effects of relationships between and longitudinal changes in proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors on weight status in college students. Methods: For aim 1, cross-sectional data from the Live Well Immigrant Health ...
Successful programs recognize and take into account the individual variability among people, including their physical activity preferences, interests, and readiness to make behavior changes.
STUDY OBJECTIVE--To describe the differences in health behaviours in disparate marital status groups and to estimate the extent to which these can explain differences in health associated with marital status. DESIGN--Baseline data of a prospective cohort study were used. Directly age standardised percentages of each marital group that engaged in each of the following behaviours--smoking, alcohol consumption, coffee consumption, breakfast, leisure exercise, and body mass index--were computed. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the health differences associated with marital status with and without control for differences in health behaviours. SETTING--The population of the city of Eindhoven and surrounding municipalities (mixed urban-rural area) in The Netherlands in March 1991. PARTICIPANTS--There were 16,311 men and women, aged 25-74 years, and of Dutch nationality. MAIN RESULTS--There were differences in relation to marital status for each health behaviour. Married ...
Scott, David and Happell, Brenda 2011, The high prevalence of poor physical health and unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in individuals with severe mental illness, Issues in Mental Health Nursing, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 589-597, doi: 10.3109/01612840.2011.569846. ...
Education has come out as a social determinant of health. The aspect goes to the point of measuring health by assessing the students who graduate with regular diploma 4 years after starting 9th grade. According to data, we are improving on this aspect as a country. The percentage of students graduating in this respect has increased by [cmppp_restricted] 8% when comparing the 2010-2011 and 2016-2017 school years. In the 2010-2011 school year, the proportion was 79%, while in the 2016-2017 year, the proportion went up to 85% ( Healthy People 2020). This is a positive aspect since it shows a move towards 87%, which is the HP2020 target. This is important to the countrys health since it has an impact on varied aspects of life and health outcomes. Education is an aspect that is associated with improved health and quality of life, longer life expectancy, health-promoting behaviors like not smoking, regular physical activities, and getting routine checkups, among other things.. Among the relevant ...
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between authentic leadership characteristics and physical health behaviors, as defined by the Goolsby Leadership Model (Quick, Macik-Frey, and Cooper, 2007). Physical health was measured by physical activity, cigarette smoking, and fruit and vegetable consumption, which are three of four controllable health risk factors that are related to many of the negative consequences of chronic disease (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2009). Authentic leadership was measured using the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire (ALQ) by Walumbwa et al. (2008), which measured four components of authentic leadership and produced an overall authentic leadership score. The overall leadership score did not have any significant relationships with the physical health behaviors but three authentic leadership components did have significant relationships with physical health. Specifically, self-awareness had significant ... Anxiety in Health Behaviors and Physical Illness [4173079] - Anxiety in Health Behavior and Physical IllnessnEdited by Michael J. Zvolensky, University of VermontJasper A. J. Smits, Southern Methodist UniversitynWhile the links between physical illness and depression have been well-documented and analyzed, little has been made of the data relating physical illness to anxiety until now. Anxiety in Health Behavior
Background-The American Heart Associations (AHA) 2020 Strategic Impact Goals target a 20% relative improvement in overall cardiovascular health using 4 health behavior (smoking, diet, physical activity, body mass) and 3 health factor (plasma glucose, cholesterol, blood pressure) metrics. We sought to define current trends and forward projections to 2020 in cardiovascular health. Methods and Results-We included 35,059 CVD-free adults (≥20 years old) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-94 and subsequent 2-year cycles from 1999 to 2008. We calculated population prevalence of poor, intermediate, and ideal health behaviors and factors, and also computed a composite, individual-level Cardiovascular Health Score for all 7 metrics (poor=0 points; intermediate=1 point; ideal=2 points; total range 0-14 points). Prevalence of current and former smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension declined, whereas prevalence of obesity and dysglycemia increased through 2008. ...
OBJECTIVE: It is critical that pediatric residents learn to effectively screen families for active and addressable social needs (ie, negative social determinants of health). We sought to determine 1) whether a brief intervention teaching residents about IHELP, a social needs screening tool, could improve resident screening, and 2) how accurately IHELP could detect needs in the inpatient setting. METHODS: During an 18-month period, interns rotating on 1 of 2 otherwise identical inpatient general pediatrics teams were trained in IHELP. Interns on the other team served as the comparison group. Every admission history and physical examination (H&P) was reviewed for IHELP screening. Social work evaluations were used to establish the sensitivity and specificity of IHELP and document resources provided to families with active needs. During a 21-month postintervention period, every third H&P was reviewed to determine median duration of continued IHELP use. RESULTS: A total of 619 admissions met inclusion
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The Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2005-2006 surveys collected health and social information from 11-, 13-, and 15-year old students in 41 countries and regions across Europe and North America. The self-completed questionnaire collected information on students health status, health behaviors, physical activity, sexual behavior, and substance use. The use of a standardized questionnaire allows for data analysis at the national level as well as comparison of data across countries.. The total sample size for the survey was 205,938 students. The sample size for Germany was 7,274 students.. ...
Results: The total average score from the scale was 115.78 36.20 and the average scores from the items were 2.57 0.46. The highest average scores were obtained from interpersonal support sub dimension, the lowest were from exercise. Age groups, working status, smoking, physical activity, body mass index and general health perceptions were the effective variables on scores. Women who didnt measured their blood-glucose and cholesterol level, who didnt practice self-breast examination and mammography during the last year, had significantly lower health responsibility, self-actualization, exercise, and stress management scores ...
Research focused on the factors that contribute to the practice of health promoting behaviors by racial and ethnic minority adolescents has been limited and inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to identify a subset of factors, including demographic, social, and environmental factors that are highly correlated with differences in the eating habits and exercise patterns of racial and ethnic minority adolescents. The study is of public health significance as the results may be used to improve the methods and strategies currently in practice to reduce and eliminate the disparities in health for racial and ethnic minorities. The sample was drawn from the final sample size for the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort, which numbered 8,984. The study tested the hypothesis that differences in health-promoting behaviors among racial and ethnic minority groups are related to differences in the associations between the influential factors and the health-promoting behavior by racial and ...
By Tracy Epton. People engage in many behaviors that are bad for their health such as smoking, not exercising, eating unhealthily or drinking too much alcohol. What is intriguing is that people continue pursuing an unhealthy lifestyle even when they are confronted by information that tells them that these choices are bad for them; they minimize the risks or even deny them altogether. Self-affirmation theory (Steele, 1988) offers an explanation of why people do this.. Self-affirmation theory states that people are motivated to maintain their self-integrity (i.e., a positive self-image as adaptively and morally adequate, Steele, 1988, p. 262). Certain types of information threaten self-integrity; for example information that suggests that our lifestyle choices are bad for our health would indicate that we were not adaptively adequate (after all, why would someone intentionally continue to do something that is harmful to their health). In these circumstances we act defensively to avoid accepting ...
The major determinant of infant mortality in the United States is low birthweight LBW. Health behaviors related to LBW are inadequate prenatal care, poor nutrition, smoking, and moderate to heavy alcohol use. Before interventions can be designed to assist women in modifying these health behaviors, more must be understood about their causes. The...
Data from the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapies were examined to assess whether there are associations between neurocognitive functioning and risky behaviors among people living with HIV. Among the 658 HIV positive study participants examined, median age was 41 years; 57% were white, 32% were black, and 11% were Hispanic or of another ethnicity; 77% were male; 53% were men who have sex with men; median baseline cd4 count was 464 cells/mm3; 78% had a viral load ...
This Volume focuses on human capital and health behavior. Content is based on an International symposium on Human Capital and Health Behavior, held by The Centre for Health Economics at the University of Gothenburg. Content will cover both theoretical and empirical aspects of the topic.
We have produced this section about multiple health problems as a resource for people who live with two or more medical conditions and for their health professionals and carers. Here you can find out about the challenges and impact of living with multiple health problems. You can see and hear 38 people sharing their stories about the effects of health problems on their lives and their experiences of using health services. They talk about how they deal with the challenges brought by multiple health problems, for example by prioritising which health problem is the most important. They talk about where the health service has worked well and where it hasnt worked so well. Advice for patients and recommendations for improving care are offered. We hope you find the information helpful. If you are looking for advice about a specific health condition (e.g. diabetes or epilepsy) please refer to other sections of the website ...
You searched for: Academic Unit Epidemiology Remove constraint Academic Unit: Epidemiology Language English Remove constraint Language: English Date Published 2014 Remove constraint Date Published: 2014 Subject Gambling Remove constraint Subject: Gambling Subject Health behavior in adolescence Remove constraint Subject: Health behavior in adolescence ...
E- and m-health interventions are promising to change health behaviour. Many of these interventions use a large variety of behaviour change techniques (BCTs), but its not known which BCTs or which combination of BCTs contribute to their efficacy. Therefore, this experimental study investigated the efficacy of three BCTs (i.e. action planning, coping planning and self-monitoring) and their combinations on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) against a background set of other BCTs. In a 2 (action planning: present vs absent) × 2 (coping planning: present vs absent) × 2 (self-monitoring: present vs absent) factorial trial, 473 adults from the general population used the self-regulation based e- and m-health intervention MyPlan2.0 for five weeks. All combinations of BCTs were considered, resulting in eight groups. Participants selected their preferred target behaviour, either PA (n = 335, age = 35.8, 28.1% men) or SB (n = 138, age = 37.8, 37.7% men), and were then randomly allocated to
Background: Recent evidence suggests the effectiveness of stepwise, targeted approaches for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases with combinations of web-based and face-to-face interventions showing promising results. Objective: This paper reports on 1-year changes in health-risk behaviors, BMI, self-rated health, mental well-being, and risk of disease at 1-year follow-up after participation in a stepwise intervention that targeted persons at high risk of disease and persons with health-risk behavior. To this end, we distinguish between participants who took up the full intervention (web-based plus face-to-face) and those who received only the web-based intervention. Methods: The Early Detection and Prevention (Danish acronym: TOF) pilot study was conducted as a nonrandomized, 1-year follow-up intervention study in two municipalities in the Region of Southern Denmark. A total of 9400 citizens born between 1957 and 1986 (aged 29 to 60 years) were randomly sampled from participating general
Goldstein MG, DePue J, Kazura A, Niaura R. Models for provider-patient interaction: Applications to health behavior change. In: Shumaker SA, Schron EB, Ockene JK, McBee WL The handbook of health behavior change. 2ndnd ed. The handbook of health behavior change. New York, NY: Springer; 1998. pp. 85-113. Available from: ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Perceived classism and its relation with socioeconomic status, health, health behaviours and perceived inferiority. T2 - the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences (LISS) panel. AU - Simons, Audrey M. W.. AU - Koster, Annemarie. AU - Groffen, Danielle A. I.. AU - Bosma, Hans. PY - 2017/5. Y1 - 2017/5. KW - The Netherlands. KW - Perceived classism. KW - Meritocratic ideology. KW - Socioeconomic status. KW - Self-rated health. KW - Inferiority. KW - LONG-STANDING RECIPIENTS. KW - QUALITATIVE INTERVIEW. KW - LOW-INCOME. KW - DISCRIMINATION. KW - POVERTY. KW - STIGMA. KW - EXPERIENCES. KW - INEQUALITIES. KW - DISPARITIES. KW - SECURITY. U2 - 10.1007/s00038-016-0880-2. DO - 10.1007/s00038-016-0880-2. M3 - Article. VL - 62. SP - 433. EP - 440. JO - International Journal of Public Health. JF - International Journal of Public Health. SN - 1661-8556. IS - 4. ER - ...
BACKGROUND This article describes trends and stability over time in health complaints in adolescents from 2002 to 2010 and investigates associations between health complaints, behavioural and social contextual factors at individual level and economic factors at macro-level. METHODS Comprising N = 510 876 11-, 13- and 15-year-old children and adolescents in Europe, North America and Israel, data came from three survey cycles of the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Age- and gender-adjusted trends in health complaints were examined in each country by means of linear regression. By using the country as the random effects variable, we tested to what extent individual and contextual variables were associated with health complaints. RESULTS Significant associations are stronger for individual level determinants (e.g. being bullied, smoking) than for determinants at macro-level (e.g. GDP, Gini), as can be seen by the small effect sizes (less than 5% for different trends).
Synopses: A poster on the importance of Colostrum Feeding; it is an elixir to the baby. It advises not to squeeze and discard the colostrum. Colostrum is the first milk produced by a mothers mammary glands after the first 3 to 4 days of her babys birth.
Downloadable! Although researchers agree that more educated people typically engage in healthier behaviors, they have not uncovered the reason why. This paper considers several explanations, including future opportunity costs. Future opportunity costs represent any utility-improving future outcome that is affected by currently engaging in health-related behavior. This paper also examines whether there are degree effects in the health behaviors of binge drinking and smoking. Results suggest that future opportunity costs may affect smoking, although other interpretations cannot be ruled out. The results also find degree effects with regard to binge drinking. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Background: DNA-based disease risk information is becoming widely available. Expectations are high that communicating this information motivates behaviour change to reduce risk. Objective: To assess the impact of communicating DNA-based disease risk estimates on risk-reducing health behaviours and motivation to engage in such behaviours. Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis, using Cochrane methods. We assessed risk of bias for each included study and quality of evidence for each behavioural outcome. Data sources: We searched the following databases up to 25th February 2015: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We also conducted backward and forward citation searches. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials involving adults in which one group received personalised DNA-based disease risk estimates for diseases for which the risk could be reduced by behaviour change. Eligible studies included ...
Purpose/Objective(s): Cancer death rates in the US have declined. However, this trend is not true for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) where rates have remained unchanged. Further, AI/ANs have experienced the poorest five-year cancer survival rates of all racial and ethnic groups. The presentation will touch upon the historical traumas and contemporary resiliencies which have had influences on health behaviors, lifestyles, and the investigations of disparities among AI/AN Peoples and communities. The objectives will include 1) the movement of tribes exerting research sovereignty; 2) sharing the state of the science about bio-ethics in the landscapes of Indigenous Peoples; and 3) how cancer centers and academic institutions are becoming effective partners in the research process. Newsworthy exemplars of research in Indian Country will be shared.. Materials/Methods: This multifaceted presentation will share 1) research sovereignty through a tribal protocol and recommendations from the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Behaviour change techniques in home-based cardiac rehabilitation: A systematic review. AU - Heron, N.. AU - Kee, F.. AU - Donnelly, M.. AU - Cardwell, C.. AU - Tully, M.A.. AU - Cupples, M.E.. N1 - cited By 8. PY - 2016/9/29. Y1 - 2016/9/29. N2 - Background Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes offering secondary prevention for cardiovascular disease (CVD) advise healthy lifestyle behaviours, with the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) of goals and planning, feedback and monitoring, and social support recommended. More information is needed about BCT use in home-based CR to support these programmes in practice.Aim To identify and describe the use of BCTs in home-based CR programmes.Design and setting Randomised controlled trials of home-based CR between 2005 and 2015 were identified by searching MEDLINE®, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database.Method Reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts for eligibility. Relevant data, including BCTs, were ...
While persuasive technologies are found in many domains, considerable recent attention has focused on behavior change in health domains. Digital health coaching is the utilization of computers as persuasive technology to augment the personal care delivered to patients, and is used in numerous medical settings.[24] Numerous scientific studies show that online health behaviour change interventions can influence users behaviours. Moreover, the most effective interventions are modelled on health coaching, where users are asked to set goals, educated about the consequences of their behaviour, then encouraged to track their progress toward their goals. Sophisticated systems even adapt to users who relapse by helping them get back on the bandwagon.[25] ...
It is noted that most efforts to change health behaviours have had limited success. This paper suggests that in policy-making, discussions about behaviour change are subject to six common errors and that these errors have made the business of health-related behaviour change much more difficult than it needs to be ...
A new study led by a University of Kansas researcher has used national health statistics and identified how to cluster seven health behavior groups based on smoking status, alcohol use, physical activity, physician visits and flu vaccination are associated with mortality.
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By the early 1990s, the work of social theorists such as Niklas Luhmann began reflecting these themes of complex behavior. One ... Brian Castellani, Rajeev Rajaram, J. Galen Buckwalter, Michael Ball and Frederic Hafferty (2012). "Place and Health as Complex ... Social complexity theory is applied in studies of social cooperation and public goods; altruism; voting behavior; education; ... All of these are forms of system behavior arising from mathematical complexity. ...
"Health and well-being benefits of spending time in forests: systematic review". Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. ... Behavior Therapy. 29 (4): 539-543. doi:10.1016/S0005-7894(98)80049-X. Rajoo, Keeren Sundara (June 2020). "The physiological and ... In the 6th century BCE, Cyrus the Great planted a garden in the middle of a city in an effort to increase human health. In the ... A study published in Nature in 2019 suggested that 120 minutes in nature weekly would improve health and well-being. Roberts, ...
World Health Organization, Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Programme for Neurological Diseases and ... Children may have behaviors that are easily mistaken for epileptic seizures but are not. These include breath-holding spells, ... Epilepsy at Curlie World Health Organization fact sheet "Epilepsy Basics: An Overview for Behavioral Health Providers". YouTube ... Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization. ISBN 978-92-4-156303-1.CS1 maint: multiple names: ...
Mustanski, Brian; Lyons, Tom; Garcia, Steve C. (2010). "Internet use and health of young men who have sex with men". Sexual ... Behavior. International Academy of Sex Research. 40 (2): 289-300. doi:10.1007/s10508-009-9596-1. PMC 2914836. PMID 20182787. ... HIV prevention and MSM assessment Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Indiana Department of Public Health FBLA 20 ... Many public health groups targeting Sexually Transmitted Disease treatment have criticized or worry about online sex sites such ...
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The college is organized in seven departments: Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology; Behavior Analysis; Criminal Justice; ... Health Promotion and Recreation, (iv) Teacher Education and Administration, and (v) The Kristin Farmer Autism Center. The ... Emergency Management and Disaster Science; Public Administration; Rehabilitation and Health Services; and Social Work. The ...
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... knowledge on epilepsy and SUDEP improves after a semi-structured health interview". Epilepsy & Behavior. 99: 106467. doi: ... Tolstykh, GP; Cavazos, JE (Mar 2013). "Potential mechanisms of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy". Epilepsy & Behavior. 26 (3 ... Behavior. 26 (3): 415-20. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.12.018. PMID 23402930. S2CID 3777598. Nashef, L; So, EL; Ryvlin, P; Tomson, ... assessing the public health burden". Epilepsia. 55 (10): 1479-1485. doi:10.1111/epi.12666. ISSN 1528-1167. PMID 24903551. Lynge ...
For example, in the American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment for Spring 2019, 46.2% of American ... Part of this stems from the fact that grieving or sadness behavior is often seen as normal and healthy and not worthy of a ... Both behaviors involve questioning social partners about oneself in ways that are aversive to others, differing in whether the ... For example, depressed individuals have been found to engage more in both behaviors than non-depressed individuals and may fail ...
McKenna, R. J. (1972). "Some Effects of Anxiety Level and Food Cues on the Eating Behavior of Obese and Normal Subjects: A ... Half of plate to be filled with vegetables, according to Harvard School of Public Health ... Carlson, Neil (2010). Physiology of Behavior. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. pp. 412-426.. ... and vegetarianism are all techniques employed by individuals and encouraged by societies to increase longevity and health. Some ...
However, different behavior is observed in other d-block groups, especially in group 4, in which zirconium, hafnium and ... "Scandium (Sc) - chemical properties of scandium, health effects of scandium, environmental effects of scandium". Lenntech ... Actinium, which occurs only in trace amounts, continues the trend in chemical behavior for metals that form tripositive ions ... Lanthanum continues the trend started by two lighter members in general chemical behavior, while lutetium behaves more ...
"Department of Health. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016.. *^ "MBS online". Australian Government Department of ... Carlson, Neil (January 22, 2012). Physiology of Behavior. Methods and Strategies of Research. 11th edition. Pearson. p. 151. ... Health. Retrieved 16 October 2018.. *^ Prekeges, Jennifer (2012). Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation. Jones & Bartlett Publishers ...
addictive behavior - a behavior that is both rewarding and reinforcing. *addictive drug - a drug that is both rewarding and ... 2001). Immunobiology 5: The Immune System in Health and Disease. New York: Garland Pub., ISBN 0-8153-3642-X ... Shettleworth, S. J. (2010). Cognition, Evolution and Behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ... reinforcing stimuli - stimuli that increase the probability of repeating behaviors paired with them ...
The individual is largely a product of his environment and much of his conduct and behavior is the reflex of getting a living ... "Social democrats supported and tried to strengthen the basic institutions of the welfare state-pensions for all, public health ...
"International travel and health. World Health Organization (WHO). Archived from the original on 29 July 2014.. ... animal behavior and other factors may trigger outbreaks among animal populations.[82] ... Ebola virus disease (Report). World Health Organization. Retrieved 6 June 2019.. *^ a b "CDC urges all US residents to avoid ... "World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved 14 May 2018.. *^ Yong E (21 May 2018). "Most Maps of the New Ebola Outbreak Are ...
Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 48 (4): 450-464. doi:10.1177/002214650704800408. PMID 18198690.. ... Piliavin, Jane; Erica Siegl (December 2007). "Health Benefits of Volunteering in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study". ...
"Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 105 (1): 98-121. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.05.002. PMC 2702783 . PMID ... Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 28 (3): 187-209. doi:10.1023/b:jonb.0000039649.20015.0e. ISSN 0191-5886.. ... that used these approaches seem to have mistaken and interpreted mathematical artifacts as the products of human behavior. The ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... health implications for the 21st century". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 81 (2): 341-54. doi:10.1093/ajcn.81.2.341. PMID 15699220.. ... "When Did "Modern" Behavior Emerge in Humans?". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-05.. ... Lower Paleolithic Acheulean tool users, according to Robert G. Bednarik, began to engage in symbolic behavior such as art ...
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, Office on Women's Health. July 2009. ... PubMed Health. Cologne: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. July 2016. Archived from the original on 6 ... U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.. *^ a b c Kaplan YC, Ozsarfati J, Etwel F, Nickel C, Nulman I, Koren G (November ... Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 362. ISBN 9780723437895. .. *^ Orion E, Wolf R (November-December 2014). "Psychologic factors in ...
Others argued for complete space separation citing the pressure on women to engage in sexual behavior to keep their jobs.[1]: ... Wikipedia's health care articles can be viewed offline with the Medical Wikipedia app. ... UNICEF (2012). Raising even more clean hands - Advancing health, learning and equity through WASH in schools. United Nations ... the Department of Health and Human Services governs regulations.[56] The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") has ...
When salaries for California prison mental health staff, especially psychiatrists, increased dramatically as a result of ... "Teaching the nonverbal components of assertive training". Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 3: 179-183. ... Engaging patients in violence prevention". J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 37: 32-6. PMID 10486772. "Total quality ... "Shame aversion therapy". Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 1: 213-215. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(70)90005-4 ...
JEL: I12 - Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality, Morbidity, Substance abuse and Addiction, Disability, and Economic Behavior ... JEL: I1 - Health JEL: I10 - Geral. JEL: I11 - Analysis of Health Care Markets. ... JEL: P36 - Consumer Economics; Health, Education, Welfare, and Poverty. JEL: P37 - Legal Institutions; Illegal Behavior. JEL: ... JEL: K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior JEL: K40 - Geral. JEL: K41 - Litigation Process. JEL: K42 - ...
Industrial Health. 2007;45(4):527-534. *^ ,Miani C, Bertino G, Francescato M, di Prampero P, Staffieri A. Temporary Threshold ... Behavior. 91 (2-3): 196-201. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.02.009. PMID 17399746.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style: ...
Karki, Yagya B.; Agrawal, Gajanand (May 2008). "Effects of Communication Campaigns on the Health Behavior of Women of ... The demand for health services is further lowered by the lack of health education. Reproductive health care is neglected, ... Rural health facilities often lack adequate funding. In 2003, Nepal had ten health centers, 83 hospitals, 700 health posts, and ... Nepal Health Profile World Health Organisation data (2010) "Health for all". My Republica. Archived from the original on 9 ...
১] The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene "Vector surveillance and control: Bed bug fact sheet" 12 January ... Harvard School of Public Health: Bedbugs: Biology and Management. *Masked Hunters University of Minnesota Extension Service ...
"Health. BBC NEWS. 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2008-11-01.. *^ Hon KL, Lam MC, Wong KY, Leung TF, Ng PC (Nov 2007). "Pathophysiology ... van der Hart MG (2009). Substance P and the Neurokinin 1 receptor: From behavior to bioanalysis (Ph.D.). University of ...
Post-HSCT oral cancer may have more aggressive behavior with poorer prognosis, when compared to oral cancer in non-HSCT ... The risks of a complication depend on patient characteristics, health care providers and the apheresis procedure, and the ...
Brief report:predictors of heavy internet use and associations with health promoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ... Brief report:predictorsofheavyinternetuseandassociationswithhealthpromoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ... Approximately 50,000 years ago, the use of tools and complex set of behaviors emerged, believed by many archaeologists to be ... especially in cases dealing with environmental justice and health issues. Ottinger continues this reasoning and argues that the ...
National Institute of Health. August 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.. *^ Charles H, Patrick; Durham, NC (1952). Alcohol, ... Behavior. 81 (1): 51-58. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2003.12.017. PMID 15059684.. ... See also: Wine and health. Wine is a fermented beverage produced from grapes and sometimes other fruits. Wine involves a longer ... Such laws generally seek to reduce the adverse health and social impacts of alcohol consumption. In particular, alcohol laws ...
Health code 0: Exposure under fire conditions would offer no hazard beyond that of ordinary combustible material. E.g. sodium ... Do not depend on default behavior in this situation. Basic 0-4 and - (hyphen)[uredi kodo]. for ,F=. , ,H=. , ,R=. ... Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. ... Health code 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g. VX gas ...
Van Gogh's manner of dress, behavior and unusual love life was unsettling and embarrassing to the family.[6] Vincent too felt a ...
"Height and Health-related Quality of Life".. *^ a b c d Brody, Howard (2007). Hooked: ethics, the medical profession, and the ... Evidence of Early Life Origins of Suicidal Behavior?". Retrieved 2014-02-25.. ... Valenstein, Elliot S. (2002). Blaming the Brain : The Truth About Drugs and Mental Health. New York: Free Press. pp. 173-174. ... Increasing final height in children with short stature may be beneficial and could enhance health-related quality of life ...
Services supporting student wellness include the Wilce Student Health Center, named for university physician John Wilce, The ... Neuroscience & Behavior. 81 Oncology. 16 Pharmacology & Toxicology. 50 Physics. 31 Plant & Animal Science. 43 ...
"Environmental Health Perspectives. 112 (10): 1092-8. doi:10.1289/ehp.6877. PMC 1247383. PMID 15238283.. ... Panic attacks and anxiety can occur; also, delusional behavior may be seen, including somatoform delusions, sometimes ... National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.. ... National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.. ...
Hilliard JW, Johnson ME (2004). "State practice acts of licensed health professions: scope of practice". DePaul J Health Care ... changing risky/unhealthy behaviors, nutritional/dietary recommendations, relaxation/stress reduction recommendations, ice pack/ ... Mainstream health care and governmental organizations such as the World Health Organization consider chiropractic to be ... findings from the joint Canada/United States Survey of Health, 2002-03". BMC Health Serv Res. 6: 49. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-6-49 ...
... education and health, and 3) an unchallenged position on top of food webs. Humans remain Earth's only species to employ ... some of which had adapted flightlessness and ground nesting habits and others had no defensive behavior as a result of having ...
Clough and his team are working in a number of areas outside of sport - education, health, social as well as occupational to ... Evidence to support this contention is derived from a study of overtraining behaviors and mental toughness by Tibbert (2013). ... behaviors, and emotions that enable you to persevere and overcome any obstacle, adversity, or pressure experienced, but also to ... a key individual difference and resistance resource that helps buffer stress and has become an accepted concept in health ...
Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-56053-503-4. .. *^ a b c Winter, Mark. "WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements ... Recent research has suggested that the explosive behavior of alkali metals in water is driven by a Coulomb explosion rather ... "Sodium and Potassium Quick Health Facts". Retrieved 7 November 2011.. *^ "Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, ... "European Journal of Public Health. 14 (3): 235-239. doi:10.1093/eurpub/14.3.235. PMID 15369026. Archived from the original on 1 ...
This website provides a summary of skills for behavior management that research suggests strengthen school connectedness. It ... Behavior Management. These skills can help promote clear and consistent expectations and effectively manage behavior in the ... Help students who display disruptive behavior develop alternative behaviors.1 For example, post key classroom rules, agreements ... behavior and focus on corrective guidance and modelling to promote learning and behavior change) and punishment (which focus on ...
... * 1. CAN SOCIAL MEDIA CHANGE HEALTH BEHAVIOR? IRIS THIELE ISIP TAN MD, MSC Professor, ... 7. CAN SOCIAL MEDIA CHANGE HEALTH BEHAVIOR? Pagoda S. et al. Adapting Behavioral Interventions for Social Media Delivery J Med ... Evaluate the use and effectiveness of interventions using social networking sites (SNSs) to change health behaviors Laranjo L, ... J Am Med Inform Assoc 2015;22:243-256 Slight positive effect of SNS interventions on health behavior-related outcomes ...
The Mental Health & Behavior Summit is scheduled for September 18 & 19 @ Glacier Canyon Lodge in WI Dells. ... Do you have strategies to share with your colleagues and peers regarding mental health & behavior issues affecting students? If ...
Health, Physical Education and Recreation , Research in Health Behavior. H740 , 10815 , David Lohrmann. Research in Health ... Research projects in the area of health behavior are conducted under the direction of a member of the graduate teaching faculty ... Behavior (1-10 cr.) P: Graduate GPA of at least 3.0 and consent of instructor. ...
Addressing Tobacco Treatment in Mental and Behavioral Health Settings: A Kentucky Behavioral Health Tobacco Advocacy Grantee ... This video demonstrates how SBIRT processes can be carried out in a primary care clinic without a behavioral health specialist. ... Lovoria Williams PhD, FNP-BC, FAANP Featured on Shift Podcast to Discuss Deadly Effects of Health Inequity ... Zim Okoli, Executive Director of Mental and Behavioral Health for UK College of Nursing ...
Health. A-Z Health A-Z Health A-Z Common Conditions * ADD/ADHD ... Health Solutions. * Penis Curved When Erect * Could I have CAD? ...
Health Behaviors. Shift Work and Long Work Hours Influence Health Behaviors. Recent studies indicate sleep deprivation, long ... These negative health behaviors could contribute to the development of chronic illnesses. ... Module 2. How shift work and long work hours increase health and safety risksplus icon *Objectives (Continued) ... Module 5. Work Organization Strategies to Promote Alertness and Health in Nursesplus icon *Objectives (Continued) ...
Surgery/Office of Health Promotion Research. breast cancer detection, role of health-related behaviors in breast cancer risk ... office of health promotion research; behavior change; smoking cessation. Solomon,Sondra, Ph.D.. Clinical Associate Professor/ ... behavioral and pharmacological processes in substance abuse; behavior change and health. Holmes, Gregory, M.D.. Professor, ... associate dean for public health. Chen,Elizabeth,Ph.D.. Assistant Professor. Medicine. electronic health records; clinical ...
Changing health behavior can be daunting. It is a process that requires a fundamental understanding of the employees mindset ... But there is much that HR can learn from advertising, especially as it relates to addressing health-behavior change in the ... Most employees are focused on their jobs and might not react to a health-oriented message. Messages about health improvement or ... So the next time you think about Madison Avenue, remember that its tactics can be part of your world as a health benefits ...
... with expert bar behavior tips from how to buy a woman a drink to how to handle a bar fight, at Mens Health. ... A Part of Hearst Digital Media Mens Health participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid ...
Health Behavior Change. Delivering evidence-based interventions designed to help individuals make informed decisions Research- ... To achieve this, our communication science and health behavior experts conduct comprehensive formative and summative ... We also analyze the impact of messages and promotional materials in the context of behavior change and deliver data our clients ... We investigate how people seek, use, and process information related to behaviors, and we test innovative tools and ...
Gamification Boosts Employee Health Behavior, Blue Shield Argues. Blue Shield of California finds social apps and rewards ... Recent research had shown the power of social connectedness in improving health outcomes, and mobile health apps were suddenly ... "is related to what Ive done rather than to some generic recommendation about exercising more or changing health behavior. That ... "health days" off from work. The company has also benefited by cutting annual health cost growth for its employees from double ...
Health, mind and behavior. [Tug Yourgrau; William C Brennan; Philip G Zimbardo; Harlan Reiniger; WGBH (Television station : ... Health, mind and behavior. Author:. Tug Yourgrau; William C Brennan; Philip G Zimbardo; Harlan Reiniger; WGBH (Television ... Health, mind and behavior/Tug Yourgrau; William C Brennan; Philip G Zimbardo; Harlan Reiniger; WGBH (Television station : ... schema:name "Health, mind and behavior"@en ;. schema:productID "33264874" ;. schema:publication
Controlling for health knowledge does not influence the impact of education on health behavior, supporting the productive ... Similarly, the impact of education on health behavior is the same between those with and without a learning disability, ... Accounting for cognitive ability does not significantly alter the relationship between education and health behavior. ... suggesting that cognition is not likely to be a significant factor in explaining the impact of education on health behavior. ...
Learn how to use the health coachs techniques of motivational interviewing and cognitive coaching to help your clients achieve ... Good health coaches combine the science of exercise and weight management with the art of coaching and communication to deliver ... lasting behavioral change that will result in better health and wellness. ... To improve the health of our clients, we need to understand the fundamentals of behavior change and the skills used by health ...
Within the realm of health behaviors specifically, the TPB has helped explain variance in intentions to perform health ... Health Communication Research Measures Series: * Health Communication Edited By Do Kyun Kim and James W. Dearing. This volume ... The relationship between intention and behavior, however, is influenced by actual control over behavior. Figure 1 shows a ... The theory of planned behavior (TPB) (Ajzen, 1988; Ajzen, 1991; Ajzen & Fishbein, 2005) suggests that behaviors can be ...
Behavior and Mental Health TAC. Home About Us About Us Meet the Staff Frequently Asked Questions about Technical Assistance ...
", "behavior therapist", "behavior technician", "registered behavior technician", "aba therapy", "home care", "line therapist ... Caravel Autism Health is an equal opportunity employer and service provider. M/F/D/V Keywords: "psychology", "aba", " ... As a Behavior Technician, you will interact with children on the autism spectrum, in their own homes. We utilize a results- ... Caravel Autism Health is looking for caring, compassionate, mentor-minded people that want to teach kids to thrive. At Caravel ...
... such as health, education, national security, international affairs, law and business, and the environment. ... content/rand/blog/jcr:content/par/bloglist The RAND Blog. Health Behaviors. ... Here are five tips to help you protect the health of your body and your relationship as you and your partner weather the storm ... Historic Lynchings and Voter Registration, China in Space, Firefighters Mental Health: RAND Weekly Recap. Jul 30, 2021 ...
... Changing behavior is important for patient or client success in all ... A new podcast introduces a series on health behavior change, providing an overview of key theories and models and their value ... and behavior. This model, relying on self-report, has been applied to a wide variety of problem behaviors including smoking ... A second podcast focuses exclusively on the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change, an important and complex model that ...
Convincing a person to receive a vaccination to benefit their health is a growing struggle for public health and medical ... It influences peoples attitudes and behavior.". Many health organizations, including the World Health Organization and the CDC ... Wording of Health Behavior Messages Influence HPV Acceptance. By Rick Nauert PhD Associate News Editor ... health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a ...
We use the 2003-04 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine the relationship between HEI and ... These are respondents who have been told by a health professional that they have high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol ... The objective of this paper is to determine the impact of lifestyle, diet behavior including vitamin supplement consumption, ... Selected variables include demographic and socioeconomic factors, as well as a large number of dietary, health indicators, and ...
Further, it may lead to loss of health insurance and reduced access to care, which may also impact health behaviors. In prior ... effects on health behaviors, which may respond more readily than health itself to changes in households time and income ... or their behavior (for instance, physical activity, diet, tobacco and alcohol use), which then affects health. Health effects ... I examine how labor demand affects health behaviors, in order to shed light on the effects of the economic cycle on health. ...
Description of the health and behavior assessments and interventions performed by National Jewish Healths Division of ... We offer a complete set of state-of-the-art individual Health and Behavior Assessments and both individual and group Health and ... Our monthly newsletter includes expert health tips, recent research findings, and news from National Jewish Health. ... Behavior Interventions.. Our goal is to help you figure out how to take good enough care of your illness so you can get on ...
Her research focuses on changing behavior including developing and testing theoretically based health behavior interventions. ... choosing not to change our risky health behavior is detrimental to long-term health. ... Self-affirmation changes health behavior Submitted by hdaniel on Tue, 06/23/2015 - 15:25 ... The impact of self-affirmation on health behavior change was not affected by other characteristics of the sample such as: the ...
Unit 23 Health, Mind, and Behavior. Health, Mind, and Behavior is the twenty-third program in the Discovering Psychology series ... Health, Mind, and Behavior. Health, Mind, and Behavior is the twenty-third program in the Discovering Psychology series. This ... Unhealthy behaviors like smoking and alcoholism are examples of learned psychological behaviors and addictions that have severe ... By studying these relationships, health psychologists hope to find more ways to prevent illness and improve our health and well ...
Health & Behavior. Restaurant Menu Labels Can Make a Difference. The new U.S. health reform law requires chain restaurants to ... Health & Behavior. From Humbug! to Humble: The Power of the Scrooge Effect. A new study finds thoughts of our mortality can ... Health & Behavior. Should We Pay People to Donate Their Kidneys?. Our supply problem would supposedly be fixed-and we could ... Health & Behavior. Reforming Juvenile Offenders by Training Them to Read ... Faces. A new study from the U.K. finds emotional ...
The findings give insight into one way gut microbes may affect behavior. ... Gut bacteria influence behavior in worms At a Glance. *Specific gut bacteria influenced eating decisions in worms by affecting ... "We were able to connect the dots, all the way from microbe to behavior, and determine the entire pathway that could be involved ... To explore the influence of gut microbes on behavior, a research team, led Drs. Michael ODonnell and Piali Sengupta of ...
Our understanding of the interactions between brain function and behavior has been enriched by advances in behavioral ... of the living human brain during different behavioral states has promoted our understanding of the links between human behavior ... Research into the bidirectional and multilevel relationships between behavior and health has been aided by technology and by ... Biobehavioral Factors in Health and Disease - Health and Behavior. Biobehavioral Factors in Health and Disease - Health and ...
... and through a health promotion model program (phase two). ... Florida conducted a two-phase study designed to address health ... Improving Satisfaction and Health Behavior Outcomes Among African-American Patients. * *June 28, 2010 ... Participants in the model program workshops on healthy behavior experienced significant positive health outcomes and other ... In the second phase, the researchers tested the effectiveness of a Patient-Centered Culturally Sensitive Health Care and Health ...
  • Furthermore, this study shows that synthetic cannabinoid use is associated with a higher prevalence of health risk behaviors than observed with marijuana use alone. (
  • The first objective is to monitor health-risk behaviors and attitudes in youth over time to provide background data and to identify targets for health promotion initiatives. (
  • Behavior change programs that are usually focused on activities that help a person or a community to reflect upon their risk behaviors and change them to reduce their risk and vulnerability are known as interventions. (
  • It has been effectively used for addiction behaviors, tobacco treatment, weight loss interventions, and other situations where an individual wants to change their negative health behaviors. (
  • Research-based communication and marketing interventions enable individuals and communities to make better decisions regarding health and other behaviors. (
  • We support client programs by developing, testing, implementing, and evaluating communication and social marketing interventions aimed at promoting behavior change. (
  • We investigate how people seek, use, and process information related to behaviors, and we test innovative tools and interventions. (
  • We offer a complete set of state-of-the-art individual Health and Behavior Assessments and both individual and group Health and Behavior Interventions. (
  • Only through a deeper understanding of the intricate factors shaping behavioural practices can health promotion programmes and or interventions successfully be introduced into the realities of the people's lives to bring about changes in health behaviour. (
  • Identify critical stakeholders for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions. (
  • While all are noble causes, focusing narrowly on negative health behaviors offers limited insight into health behavior patterns, and developing more broad interventions could help create more cost-effective and enduring changes in public health and mortality rates, according to a University of Kansas researcher. (
  • Interventions are usually targeted toward singular behaviors," said Jarron Saint Onge, a KU associate professor of sociology. (
  • By highlighting where certain groups of people may be struggling, the focus shifts beyond single-behavior interventions to consider behavioral decisions across multiple behaviors, Saint Onge said. (
  • Because of the persistence of health behavior disparities, using these classes to create specific health interventions and strategies could be valuable in addressing health problems especially among people of different socioeconomic status, race or geographic region. (
  • On the one hand, the findings imply that health policies and interventions focusing on individual health behaviors have the potential not only to increase the population's health but also to substantially reduce inequalities in health. (
  • Among other behavioral interventions, the use of incentives based on the principles of reinforcement has been a successful yet controversial way to change health behaviors. (
  • The existing guideline on how to develop and conduct research in incentive-based interventions for maternal health lacks enough information on the specific variables to control for to maintain the intervention's effectiveness. (
  • This is particularly important in low and middle income countries, such as Ghana, where health interventions have come under increased scrutiny because of the cost. (
  • The 3-4-50 concept outlines that there are 3 behaviors (poor diet, little to no physical activity, and smoking), that lead to four diseases (heart disease/stroke, diabetes, cancer, pulmonary disease), that account for 50% of deaths worldwide.This is why so much emphasis in public health interventions have been on changing behaviors or intervening early on to decrease the negative impacts that come with these behaviors. (
  • The challenge that public health interventions face is generalizability: what may work in one community may not work in others. (
  • Coverage for intensive health behavior counseling is important to utilization, particularly for interventions that involve clinician-community partnerships. (
  • Although there have been advances in interventions that increase individuals' motivation to engage in health-related behaviors, there is still a relative dearth of evidence as to the processes and mechanisms by which interventions exert effects on behavior. (
  • Developing effective interventions to facilitate behavior change in health contexts requires a detailed understanding of the demographic, psychological, and ecological factors associated with the behavior. (
  • Research has identified multiple correlates of health behavior change, and interventions have been developed to target these factors. (
  • Such interventions have shown significant effects in changing behavior, but the size of effects has been modest. (
  • However, the assumption of sample homogeneity on variables other than demographics has been recognized as a reason for a lack effectiveness of interventions and the UK Department of Health (2010) has advocated an individualized, tailored approach. (
  • In this article, we propose that health behavior change interventions could be more effective if they are tailored to groups of individuals based on key factors likely to moderate the effectiveness of interventions such as motives, preferences, and needs. (
  • We argue that improving the effectiveness of interventions for unmotivated individuals should begin with an analysis of the underlying reasons for lacking motivation and support needs when it comes to health behaviors and how these may be specifically targeted in interventions. (
  • Recent research had shown the power of social connectedness in improving health outcomes, and mobile health apps were suddenly catching on among consumers. (
  • The objective of this paper is to determine the impact of lifestyle, diet behavior including vitamin supplement consumption, and food culture on diet quality outcomes as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI) and total energy intake. (
  • None of these studies of the link between labor demand and health outcomes presume a direct effect. (
  • Participants in the model program workshops on healthy behavior experienced significant positive health outcomes and other changes, while control group patients did not. (
  • The commonest and most persistent mental health condition is severe behaviour problems, and children with "conduct disorder" are at risk of all adult mental health conditions as well as poor educational and social outcomes. (
  • The empirical evidence presented suggests that differences in health costs may indeed partially explain behavioral differences, and ultimately health outcomes, between wealth groups. (
  • Released in 2018, the Second Edition of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans highlights the importance of physical activity for improving a number of health outcomes. (
  • Describe genetic, physiologic and psychosocial factors that affect susceptibility to adverse health outcomes following exposure to environmental hazards. (
  • These risk factors also significantly affect pregnant and immediately postpartum mothers, doubling the health risk and economic burden by adversely affecting maternal and birth or infant outcomes. (
  • This article outlines some of the critical variables in implementing an effective behavior-analytic intervention and addressing social validity concerns to change maternal behaviors in a sustainable manner, along with specific research topics needed in the field to prevent adverse maternal, birth, and infant outcomes. (
  • Suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States: maternal and pediatric health outcomes and costs. (
  • Recent research indicates the gut microbiome could be a potential determinant of how a child's environment ultimately impacts their neurobiological function and mental health outcomes. (
  • In this video, Neville Owen , PhD, explains the research linking sitting and negative health outcomes. (
  • This study will determine the pathways between Mohawk cultural identification and specific behaviors related to pollutant exposure, and determine the effects of these factors and the pollutant exposure on physiologically and socially significant outcomes. (
  • The study will determine the relationship of congeners and their hydroxylated metabolites to thyroid function (levels of triiodothyronine, free triiodothyronine, thyroxine, free thyroxine, thyrotropin and anti-thyroid antibodies), and 2) psychosocial outcomes including school behavior and performance, hyperactivity, and adaptation to the community. (
  • Health disparity refers to differences in providing treatment or access to healthcare facilities based on a person s sex, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status leading to marked differences in health outcomes and death rates. (
  • This video demonstrates how SBIRT processes can be carried out in a primary care clinic without a behavioral health specialist. (
  • The modern-day health coach brings together the principles of fitness, nutrition and emotional-behavioral balance to enhance an individual's wellbeing with optimal lifestyle practices. (
  • These three social-cognitive factors contribute to the generation of behavioral intention, which is a direct antecedent to actual behavior. (
  • Health and Behavior: The Interplay of Biological, Behavioral, and Societal Influences. (
  • Research into the bidirectional and multilevel relationships between behavior and health has been aided by technology and by conceptual advances in the behavioral, biological, and medical sciences. (
  • Our understanding of the interactions between brain function and behavior has been enriched by advances in behavioral neurobiology, neuroscience, and neuroendocrinology from molecular mechanisms to psychological systems. (
  • Real-time imaging of the living human brain during different behavioral states has promoted our understanding of the links between human behavior and basic neurochemical processes or specific neuroanatomic pathways. (
  • This chapter addresses the interplay among biological, behavioral, and social factors in health and disease, with an emphasis on biologic factors. (
  • Over the past 60 years or so, the study of stress has provided a major link in explaining the behavioral variables and the biological factors that influence physical health. (
  • The new standards take effect January 1, 2009 for hospitals, nursing homes, home health agencies, laboratories, ambulatory care facilities, and behavioral health care facilities across the United States. (
  • Identify basic theories, concepts and models from a range of social and behavioral disciplines that are used in public health research and practice. (
  • Identify the causes of social and behavioral factors that affect health of individuals and populations. (
  • We need to move beyond the focus on negative behaviors to consider how behaviors don't always fall on a negative-positive health continuum, but form unique behavioral niches. (
  • The objective is to provide students with exposure to two related areas: study in neuroscience and behavioral biology, as a leading example of the bioscience enterprise, and health services management, as the environment in which science innovation must be developed and managed. (
  • Health Education & Behavior is a bimonthly peer-reviewed healthcare journal covering applied behavioral and social science in public health published by SAGE Publications. (
  • The World Health Organization has identified four behavioral health priorities as risk factors for noncommunicable diseases in maternal populations: tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, poor nutrition, and lack of physical activity. (
  • Behavior change programs tend to focus on a few behavioral change theories which gained ground in the 1980s. (
  • The workshop, entitled "Intervening with Clients Who Experience Emotional and Behavioral Dysregulation," is an opportunity for professional licensed clinical health practitioners (LMHC, LMFT, LCSW, Psych) to gain a deeper understanding of the theory and application of DBT. (
  • Some current dimensions of the behavioral economics of health-related behavior change. (
  • When segmentation does take place, it is often based on demographic factors such as age, gender, and socio-economic status and not on the psychological and behavioral correlates shown to have pervasive effects on behavior (e.g. (
  • Unhealthy behaviors like smoking and alcoholism are examples of learned psychological behaviors and addictions that have severe physical consequences. (
  • The higher prevalence of unhealthy behaviors in lower socioeconomic positions is seen to be one of the mechanisms linking lower socioeconomic position to worse health. (
  • In the United States, many of the leading causes of death and disease are attributed to unhealthy behaviors. (
  • The potential public health benefits of such collaborations to reduce unhealthy behaviors justify the elimination of financial barriers (e.g., copayments) by payers. (
  • This study highlights the significant cost impact of unhealthy behaviors. (
  • People engage in many behaviors that are bad for their health such as smoking, not exercising, eating unhealthily or drinking too much alcohol. (
  • Wealthier individuals engage in healthier behavior. (
  • Now, it doesn't mean for sure that you definitely engage in these behaviors if your personality fits in one of those five. (
  • But sometimes professionalism breaks down and caregivers engage in behaviors that threaten patient safety. (
  • We find that while some people engage in traditionally healthy or unhealthy patterns, there is also a significant group of people who participate in various combinations of both health-promoting and compromising behaviors. (
  • Health behaviors take a variety of forms, but you can't ignore an individual's social and cultural backgrounds in understanding why people engage in certain patterns of behavior. (
  • People who have positive psychological well-being may be more likely to engage in heart-healthy behaviors such as exercising, eating a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking, all behaviors that also reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease. (
  • Addressing health behaviors requires strategies to encourage individuals to engage in healthy behaviors, as well as ensuring that they can access nutritious food, safe spaces to be physically active, and supports to make healthy choices. (
  • Motivating people who are not inclined to engage in health behavior presents a significant challenge to public health practitioners. (
  • Help students who display disruptive behavior develop alternative behaviors. (
  • To introduce students to the study of human behavior and to develop their ideas about the importance of understanding mental health. (
  • This lesson is the first of three lessons on mental health and human behavior. (
  • Mental Health 1: Human Behavior provides students with a sound introduction and historical overview of the important figures and discoveries that have greatly advanced the study of human behavior since the early 1900s. (
  • Mental Health 3: Mental Health Through Literature examines how mental illness has been portrayed in the arts while highlighting for students a more insightful way to further develop their ideas about human behavior. (
  • The survey will uncover the norms, typical attitudes and behaviors that we all can't help wonder about in the confusing arena of life. (
  • Since 1982, the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe has sponsored a cross-national, school-based study of health-related attitudes and behaviors of young people. (
  • The second objective is to provide researchers with relevant information in order to understand and explain the development of health attitudes and behaviors through early adolescence. (
  • University of South Carolina / Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior is located in Columbia, SC, in an urban setting. (
  • Chronic health conditions, such as hemiplegia and related conditions, are a significant risk factor for the development of an anxiety disorder and the prevalence rate of anxiety disorders among youths with chronic health conditions is higher compared to peers without chronic health conditions. (
  • This 2014 report presents prevalence estimates of health behaviors among the Total Reserve Component, presenting findings on substance use, physical health, stress and mental health, and deployment. (
  • The analysis of the survey results was guided by research objectives that assess the prevalence, nature, and characteristics of health related behaviors. (
  • The Oklahoma Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is part of the larger Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which includes a national school-based survey conducted by the CDC, as well as state, territorial, tribal, and local surveys conducted by state, territorial, and local education and health agencies and tribal governments. (
  • Rather, the presumption is that labor demand affects workers' environment (for instance, pollution or crowding) or their behavior (for instance, physical activity, diet, tobacco and alcohol use), which then affects health. (
  • Lawyers are found to have unfavorable health practices related to use of tobacco and alcohol, exercise, diet, sleeping habits, and stress. (
  • A new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion finds that U.S. military culture perpetuates the notion that using tobacco provides stress relief. (
  • Health Promotion, Education and Behavior Ph.D. (
  • Interested in Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior? (
  • Health conditions and infections are associated with risky behaviors. (
  • Costs also more than doubled for people ages 55 to 64 who said they smoked, were overweight, and inactive compared to those in the same age group who said they had none of those risky behaviors. (
  • A new study suggests the mood or tone of a restaurant can influence healthy behaviors (even in a fast food joint). (
  • Such programs include providing incentives for healthy behaviors, such as extra days off work for meeting exercise and weight goals, which the Arkansas health plan offers, he said. (
  • However, the way in which gut microbes might influence a host animal's behavior isn't well understood. (
  • We are studying the nature versus nurture problem: how much of the brain's wiring and the animal's behavior is determined by genetics versus experience," Anderson explains. (
  • Physical Activity and Health: Does Sedentary Behavior Make a Difference? (
  • However, a new twist in the recommendations and the accompanying 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report is the consideration of sedentary behavior (i.e. sitting) as having a potential role to play in the association between physical activity and health. (
  • While the evidence is still accumulating, it appears as though the effects of sedentary behavior on health may not be completely independent of physical activity (and vice versa). (
  • In order to address this question, the Committee turned to a large pooled meta-analysis of over one million people studying the joint associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior and mortality. (
  • In my opinion, people who spend a large part of their day sitting should aim for the higher end of the range (i.e. 300 minutes per week) in order to help negate the effects of excessive levels of sedentary behavior. (
  • Following the talk, Owen took questions from the audience and discussed the effects of prolonged sitting on children and offered recommendations for changing the work environment to reduce sedentary behavior. (
  • It is based on the principles of operant conditioning, which focuses on replacing maladaptive behaviors with more desirable behaviors through positive or negative reinforcement. (
  • Cognitive coaching involves helping a client challenge potential negative beliefs that lead to disruptive behaviors. (
  • Intimidating and disruptive behaviors are such a serious issue that, in addition to addressing it in the new Sentinel Event Alert, The Joint Commission is introducing new standards requiring more than 15,000 accredited health care organizations to create a code of conduct that defines acceptable and unacceptable behaviors and to establish a formal process for managing unacceptable behavior. (
  • Health care leaders and caregivers have known for years that intimidating and disruptive behaviors are a serious problem. (
  • Develop a system to detect and receive reports of unprofessional behavior, and use non-confrontational interaction strategies to address intimidating and disruptive behaviors within the context of an organizational commitment to the health and well-being of all staff and patients. (
  • Their inability to do what is "right" about their health - whether by improving nutrition, engaging in exercise, taking preventive measures or dealing with acute or chronic health issues - impacts negatively not just on themselves, but also on the efficiency and profitability of their organizations. (
  • However, it's important to provide a quantitative review of this literature to determine if, overall, self-affirmation impacts on health behavior change. (
  • As health care systems in the United States and other industrialized countries are adapting to accommodate these increasing negative impacts, science is turning to personal behavior change for solutions. (
  • Our monthly newsletter includes expert health tips, recent research findings, and news from National Jewish Health. (
  • The findings give insight into how gut microbes may affect behavior in simple organisms. (
  • These findings show how a neurotransmitter produced by gut bacteria can influence behavior. (
  • Professor Tamsin Ford, of the University of Exeter Medical School, said: "Our findings suggest that this training potentially improves all children's mental health but it's particularly exciting to see the larger benefit on the children who were initially struggling. (
  • These findings have lead to an increasing recognition of disordered gambling as a significant public health problem. (
  • Although the findings are not startling, this study took in an unusual site for such research, and demonstrated that personal health habits are a big indicator of costs, said lead author Rhonda Hill. (
  • However, there is the development of Healthy People 2020 that has national objectives aimed to accomplish in 10 years to improve the health of all Americans. (
  • The 2014 Department of Defense (DoD) Health Related Behaviors (HRB) Active Duty Personnel Survey is the twelfth population-based survey about substance use, stress and mental health, and health behaviors related to select Healthy People 2020 objectives among Active Duty personnel. (
  • The report also compares estimates of the health behaviors of the Total Reserve Component to key Healthy People 2020 objective targets. (
  • New research in the Journal of Adolescent Health finds that when a young person moves from pediatric care to an adult practice, the transition is eased and better care is provided when formal processes are in place for the handoff. (
  • The purpose of this initiative is to invite applications for research projects that will expand our knowledge of basic decision-making processes underlying initiation and long-term maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviors that may reduce one's risk of cancer and other chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and addiction. (
  • Health behavior change refers to the motivational, volitional, and action based processes of abandoning such health-compromising behaviors in favor of adopting and maintaining health-enhancing behaviors. (
  • Transtheoretical model: This theory uses "stages of change" to create a nexus between powerful principles and processes of behavior change derived from leading theories of behavior change. (
  • The Health Behavior News Service (HBNS), a division of the Center for Advancing Health, brings you the latest health behavior and patient engagement research from selected peer-reviewed journals. (
  • The Center for Advancing Health was a nonprofit organization founded in 1992, supported by individuals and foundations and based in Washington, D.C. until its closing in 2014. (
  • The George Washington University (GW) owns copyrights to materials created by Jessie Gruman, PhD and/or the Center for Advancing Health (CFAH) which are available at . (
  • If you can afford to lose the opportunity to take care of your infants or lose a mating opportunity, then you can act on the sickness behavior cues without too much of a loss. (
  • Gray's Social Stories follow a specific format and are designed especially for children on the autism spectrum to teach social cues and related behaviors and emotions that children with autism are unable to define and deal with appropriately. (
  • How effective are public health departments at preventing mortality? (
  • Some studies indicate that health is counter-cyclical, with various measures of mortality, including those from cardiovascular disease and motor vehicle fatalities, declining with reduced economic activity, while others find the opposite. (
  • Saint Onge, also a professor of health policy and management at KU Medical Center, is the lead author of a new study published in Social Science Medicine -- Population Health that has used national health statistics and identified how seven health behavior patterns based on smoking status, alcohol use, physical activity, physician visits and flu vaccination are associated with mortality. (
  • Given that changes in health behaviors may be socially patterned, previous studies with a single assessment of behaviors may have provided an inaccurate estimation of their contribution to the association between socioeconomic factors and mortality," the authors write. (
  • of the Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France and colleagues examined the role of health behaviors in the association between socioeconomic position and mortality. (
  • All health behaviors taken together at baseline explained 29 percent of the gradient for cardiovascular mortality and 45 percent when they were entered as time-dependent covariates. (
  • This study suggests that health behaviors explain a substantial part of social inequalities in mortality and demonstrates the importance of taking into account changes over time in health behaviors when examining their role in social inequalities. (
  • A new study in the American Journal of Public Health finds that high-quality weight loss information often appears after the first page of search engine results. (
  • Well-being was found to be a consequence of engaging in the behaviors described, and that may lead to healthier behaviors, creating a "virtuous cycle" that contributes to cardiovascular health. (
  • This study is one in a series supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Pioneer Portfolio to explore Positive Health , an emerging concept that seeks to demonstrate that in addition to health risks, people also have health assets, which can be strengthened to produce a healthier life. (
  • Our industry has prioritized this issue and has implemented innovative programs to encourage healthier lifestyles," said Robert Zirkelbach, a spokesperson for America's Health Insurance Plans, a health insurance trade association in Washington. (
  • We utilize a results-oriented approach called applied behavior analysis (ABA therapy), which involves observing how our clients react to their environment and how they respond to people around them. (
  • Despite a federal directive requiring Medicaid to cover treatments like applied behavior analysis, at least one state appears to be finding ways to deny the therapy. (
  • Many health organizations, including the World Health Organization and the CDC, often use these types of negatively worded, norm-based messages, but this is the first experimental study that tested the influence of social norms on behavior. (
  • According to the World Health Organization [ 5 ], physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that require energy expenditure. (
  • During this period, Health Education Monographs was printed by various small publishing companies or cooperatively by SOPHE and the World Health Organization. (
  • Wife's Sexual Behavior. (
  • They include actions that lead to improved health, such as eating well and being physically active, and actions that increase one's risk of disease, such as smoking, excessive alcohol intake, and risky sexual behavior. (
  • During 2007-09 researchers at the University of Florida conducted a two-phase study designed to address health care disparities both through the development and testing of culturally sensitive assessment tools (phase one) and through a health promotion model program (phase two). (
  • In the first phase, the researchers administered the Tucker-Culturally Sensitive Health Care Inventory (which was designed by the research team) and other assessment measures at 67 health care sites nationwide. (
  • Researchers also administered a Health Care Site Characteristics Questionnaire to 67 site administrators. (
  • In the second phase, the researchers tested the effectiveness of a Patient-Centered Culturally Sensitive Health Care and Health Promoting Model Program on the health status of patients with type 2 diabetes. (
  • When the researchers looked at the other personality types, they also found some interesting behaviors there, too. (
  • These researchers reviewed the evidence linking well-being and health behaviors, and described strategies to enhance well-being studied by others, and the implications for cardiovascular health. (
  • A gene that affects the brain's dopamine system appears to have influenced mothers' behavior during a recent economic downturn, researchers say. (
  • Anxiety in Health Behavior and Physical Illness is a comprehensive resource to be read not only by clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and, other health professionals, but also by researchers and graduate students on the cutting edge of the field. (
  • This imaging technology enabled the researchers to tell which neurons were associated with attack or mating behaviors. (
  • Lee Deok-jong, an addiction psychiatrist at National Health Insurance Service Hospital in Ilsan, said there are clear indications that new types of addictive behaviors are emerging along with the development of technology. (
  • Addiction that is associated with risky behavior may have a genetic component. (
  • Christa Sgobba For nearly 10 years, Christa has created health, fitness, nutrition, and wellness content that's steeped in science but engaging enough that people actually want to read it. (
  • All Health Data Management content is archived after seven days. (
  • A school administrator also completed a survey concerning the school's programs and policies that affect students' health and the content of various health courses. (
  • Those with the "insensitive" version didn't change their behavior. (
  • Mothers with the other "insensitive" version of the gene didn't change their behavior. (
  • A second podcast focuses exclusively on the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change, an important and complex model that involves emotions, cognitions, and behavior. (
  • for example information that suggests that our lifestyle choices are bad for our health would indicate that we were not adaptively adequate (after all, why would someone intentionally continue to do something that is harmful to their health). (
  • What's really interesting about self-affirmation theory is that it suggests a technique for overcoming defensiveness to threatening health-risk information. (
  • Those behaviors-as well as 24 other, seemingly unrelated habits-might actually prove you're pretty brigh t, a new study published in Personality and Individual Differences suggests. (
  • Children and adolescents who ate foods high in saturated fats, refined carbohydrates and processed foods appear to experience more depression and low moods, suggests a new systematic research review in the American Journal of Public Health . (
  • A growing body of research suggests that prolonged sitting throughout the day may be harmful to your health. (
  • This finding suggests that although fighting and mating behaviors are instinctive, they require that the mouse's brain learn to distinguish between males and females. (
  • This finding suggests that socialization with a female alone is sufficient for triggering attack behavior with an intruder male mouse. (
  • The theory has been tested over the past several decades across myriad behaviors and contexts. (
  • Social cognitive theory: Explains behavior learning through observation and social contexts. (
  • Several published studies have shown promising results, with self-affirmation leading to more appropriate responses to risk information about a range of health issues, including alcohol consumption, caffeine consumption, unsafe sex, poor diet, and cigarette smoking. (
  • Regarding alcohol usage, no significant differences were found between medical and law student's behavior [ 2 ]. (
  • LAWRENCE -- For the most part, public health initiatives focus on stemming one type of unhealthy behavior: Anti-smoking campaigns, curbing alcohol abuse, or ramping up exercise, for example. (
  • An analysis of nearly 25 years of data for about 10,000 civil servants in London finds an association between socioeconomic position and risk of death, with much of this relation accounted for by health behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and physical activity, according to a study in the March 24/31 issue of JAMA. (
  • The difference between the baseline only and repeated assessments of health behaviors was mostly due to an increased explanatory power of diet, physical activity, and alcohol consumption. (
  • But there is much that HR can learn from advertising, especially as it relates to addressing health-behavior change in the workforce. (
  • Addressing unprofessional behavior among health care professionals is part of a series of Alerts issued by the Joint Commission. (
  • Increasingly, the industry views changing patient behavior as the critical component to addressing the worldwide obesity epidemic and other long-term health concerns. (
  • The lead article, "American Health Improvement Depends upon Addressing Class Disparities," is written by Steven A. Schroeder, distinguished professor of Health and Health Care in the Department of Medicine at the University of California San Francisco and former president/CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (
  • Exploiting area-level variation in measures of labor demand, a large literature, starting with Chris Ruhm's seminal work, has explored how the business cycle affects population health. (
  • In a series of papers with Gregory Colman and Inas Kelly, I examine how labor demand affects health behaviors, in order to shed light on the effects of the economic cycle on health. (
  • Realize that toddlers aren't capable of understanding the feelings of others, and how their behavior affects others. (
  • A gene known as DRD2 affects the brain's dopamine system and is known to be associated with aggressive behavior. (
  • The team focused on the DRD2 gene because the dopamine system affects how people feel, and that particular gene is known to be associated with aggressive behavior. (
  • Selected variables include demographic and socioeconomic factors, as well as a large number of dietary, health indicators, and lifestyle-related information. (
  • Relapse prevention model: Focuses on immediate determinants and underhanded antecedent behaviors/factors that contribute and/or lead to relapse. (
  • 1 For example, post key classroom rules, agreements, and procedures in visible locations as a reminder of class expectations, and emphasize that behaviors are choices that students have control over. (
  • Predictive health is a new paradigm that defines the unique characteristics that predict disease risk for individuals and populations and uses new discoveries in biomedicine to emphasize health maintenance and health recovery rather than treatment of disease. (
  • The new guidelines emphasize that for substantial health benefits, adults should accumulate at least 150 minutes to 300 minutes a week of moderate-intensity, or 75 minutes to 150 minutes a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity (or an equivalent combination of moderate and vigorous activity). (
  • Then both groups are given health-risk information to read before completing dependent variables such as measures of message acceptance, intentions and actual behavior. (
  • Accounting for cognitive ability does not significantly alter the relationship between education and health behavior. (
  • Older adults with mental health conditions, such as depression or cognitive impairment, have a higher risk of readmission within 30 days after a hospital stay for pneumonia, heart attack or congestive heart failure, according to a new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine . (
  • The proposed study will clarify the causal pathways between culturally identifying behavior, PCB exposure and body burden, thyroid functioning, cognitive functioning, social behavior and school functioning while identifying activities that are important to maintain cultural identify and unrelated to exposure. (
  • DBT was originally developed by psychologist Marsha M. Linehan as a response to the limitations of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). (
  • We also analyze the impact of messages and promotional materials in the context of behavior change and deliver data our clients can use. (
  • Behavior change, in context of public health, refers to efforts put in place to change people's personal habits and attitudes, to prevent disease. (
  • Behaviorist learning theory: Aims to understand prior context of behavior development that leads to certain consequences. (
  • These taxa and functional groups represent potential mechanisms through which the microbiome interacts with the psychosocial environment and, if replicated, potentially influence the development of behavior. (
  • It influences people's attitudes and behavior. (
  • Their use enables identification and understanding of people's health-seeking behaviour beyond their knowledge, attitudes and practices. (
  • Depending on these determinants and their interactions , health care seeking behaviour is a complex outcome of many factors operating at individual, family, and community level.19 Health Care Seeking Behavior (HCSB) refers to decision or an action taken by an individual to maintain, attain, or regain good health and to prevent illness. (
  • Behavior modification refers to a treatment approach that focuses on changing maladaptive behaviors and breaking bad habits. (
  • Within the realm of health behaviors specifically, the TPB has helped explain variance in intentions to perform health behaviors ranging from physical activity (Armitage, 2005) to sunscreen use (Allom, Mullan, & Sebastian, 2013). (
  • This is a great role for people who are looking to advance their careers in occupational therapy, speech therapy, physical therapy, behavior-based therapy, and other psychology specialties. (
  • Physical therapists and physical therapist assistants have long been asking patients and clients to change some of their behaviors, either for the short term or for the long term and for reasons that will improve their functional status or quality of life or prevent decline. (
  • It is total physical activity, not just recreational exercise per se, which is the salient input into the individual's health production function. (
  • This program examines the relationship between mind and body, and some of the ways psychological factors affect our physical health and immune system. (
  • The combination of these mental and physical health risks results in potentially serious health problems that cannot be treated effectively without examining their psychological causes. (
  • Regarding health, it is worth pointing out that students of all ages tend to focus on the physical aspects of health and pay less attention to the mental and social aspects. (
  • These recommendations were largely based upon decades of observational and experimental studies documenting the health effects associated with moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity. (
  • Therefore, in formulating the questions to be examined by the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, there was considerable interest in understanding whether the amount of time spent sitting modifies the association between physical activity and health. (
  • It is a well-known fact that an inactive lifestyle connected with a little physical activity has become a severe health concern. (
  • A new systematic review in the American Journal of Health Promotion finds that providing public parks and walking and biking trails is the most cost-effective strategy to increase physical activity among large populations in urban areas. (
  • There is little to no reason that patients with asthma should not fully participate in regular physical activity,' said Felix S.F. Ram, Ph.D., of Massey University's College of Health in Auckland, New Zealand. (
  • Because their overall physical health is good, due to age, they might not be thinking about long-term physical effects such as liver and heart disease. (
  • Other topics include questions about family composition, the student's physical health, and other health behaviors and attitudes. (
  • How well you cope with life - your mental health - is just as important as your physical health. (
  • Anxiety in Health Behavior and Physical Illness explores complex relationships between medical and anxiety pathology on the theoretical, research, and practical fronts. (
  • The survey also assessed general health status, mental health status, and access to, and utilization of, physical health and mental health services. (
  • Over forty experts examine reciprocal roles of anxiety and medical illness as causal or exacerbating factors in each other's onset and development, describe forms of anxiety typical to major disease entities, discuss common health behaviors as they impact anxiety, recast anxiety disorders as chronic illness, and identify patients for whom new forms of treatment may be warranted. (
  • Unfortunately, most Americans are doing a fairly poor job at caring for their health and well-being, as evidenced by the rising rates of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular risk, stress, anxiety and other lifestyle-related conditions. (
  • Disordered gambling has been associated with a host of serious consequences for the gambler and society, including financial, legal, social, familial, and work/educational difficulties as well as elevated rates of anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation and behavior. (
  • He is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Vermont and Director of the Anxiety and Health Research Laboratory and Clinic. (
  • His work is funded through the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute of Mental Health, and Anxiety Disorder Association of America. (
  • Changing behavior is important for patient or client success in all practice settings. (
  • Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Health and Behavior: Research, Practice, and Policy. (
  • Most US health professionals are unfamiliar with the practice and health consequences of WPS. (
  • A wide divide exists between public schools' written wellness policies and their actual day-to-day practices, finds a new study in Health Promotion Practice . (
  • CFAH's Health Behavior News Service covers the latest peer-reviewed studies and systematic reviews on the effects of behavior on health, health disparities and patient engagement research. (
  • The way medical doctors initially assess, treat and refer racial and ethnic minority patients may contribute to known disparities in their use of mental health services, according to a new study in Health Services Research . (
  • To me this is just the beginning point in that there are clear health disparities within the United States," Saint Onge said. (
  • It's this idea that there are disparities by gender, class, race, and ethnicity, so how do we identify patterns of behavior to address these? (
  • To share the latest research in effectively managing these problems, Stephen T. Higgins, professor of psychiatry and director of the Vermont Center on Behavior and Health (VCBH) at The Robert Larner College of Medicine at The University of Vermont, collaborated with experts on a third annual special issue of the journal Preventive Medicine , titled "Behavior change, health, and health disparities. (
  • And while these problems extend throughout the population, he adds, they disproportionately impact economically disadvantaged populations and other vulnerable populations and represent a major contributor to health disparities. (
  • Behaviour change theories and models such as the Health Belief Model (HBM), Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and the Transtheoretical Model have been widely applied in public health in an attempt to explain or predict health seeking behaviours. (
  • While the focus is on quantitative measures, the editors argue that these measures are centrally important to the study of health communication. (
  • The study appears in the journal Health Communication . (
  • A new study from the U.K. finds emotional awareness training is a valuable tool in moderating the behavior of young toughs. (
  • The Supporting Teachers and Children in Schools (STARS) study was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South West Peninsula, and aimed to promote social and emotional wellbeing, against a backdrop of Government figures that show 10% of children have a mental health condition. (
  • The aim of the study is to evaluate the differences in the behavior and attitudes of male and female lawyers regarding their lifestyles and health habits. (
  • And the study does have some limitations, mainly that the behaviors were self-reported. (
  • Getting support from a chronic care coordinator increases blood-glucose testing and foot and eye exams in people with type 2 diabetes, but it may not improve blood-sugar control, a new study in the journal Health Services Research indicates. (
  • The study appears in the American Journal of Health Behavior . (
  • Older women living in the most deprived areas of the U.S. Appalachia had higher rates of late stage breast cancer than women in more affluent areas, finds a new study in Health Services Research . (
  • A large study of members of the Arkansas State and Public School Employees Health Plan finds that health care costs are higher for those who report they are obese, are smokers or are physically inactive. (
  • The study was supported in part by NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (
  • In the fall of 2012 the Virginia Department of Health's Lord Fairfax Health District, in collaboration with the local school systems, administered the 2011 version of the YRBS to eighth and 11th grade students in the counties of Clarke, Frederick, Page and Warren, and the City of Winchester. (
  • When teachers provide clear and consistent expectations for behavior in the classroom and take actions to promote positive, pro-social behaviors, students report a stronger sense of connectedness to school and their peers. (
  • Can social media change health behavior? (
  • A major West Coast health plan has jumped on the social gaming/networking trend in fitness and wellness applications. (
  • So it made sense to take the technology that people were already using and comfortable with and migrate that to a health platform that included social media and social gaming," Williams explained. (
  • One of Blue Shield's new programs, The Daily Challenge from MeYou Health , is similar to Shape Up Shield, in that it uses social media, including Facebook, to make wellness fun. (
  • The participants were randomly assigned into four groups that each received a different set of messages about the HPV vaccine based on social media posts typically used by health organizations. (
  • Healthcare-seeking behavior is influenced by availability, quality and price of services as well as to social group, health views, residences and personal features of the users. (
  • Health care organization is defined as a structured social environment or a system mainly for the delivery of health care services by specialized workforce to particular populations, communities and markets. (
  • In general, students at this level should come to realize that good mental health involves the interaction of psychological, biological, physiological, social, and cultural systems. (
  • Good mental health generally is regarded as the ability to cope with the ordinary circumstances people encounter in their personal, professional, and social lives. (
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors. (
  • The largely similar direction and magnitude of parenting and development patterns among Black children in immigrant families across the two countries is notable - numerous differences in policies related to immigration, health care, governmental support for new parents, and social services would suggest substantial cross-country variation. (
  • Margot Jackson is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Brown University, where she studies life-course and intergenerational aspects of the relationship between social circumstances and health. (
  • Describe the role of social and community factors in both the onset and solution of public health problems. (
  • On the other hand, if health behaviors are socially patterned and determined, for example, by financial factors, the capacity to respond to health education messages, or the environment in which they live, the same policies aimed at improving the population's health may contribute to an increase in social inequalities in health," the authors conclude. (
  • Implementing an incentive-based intervention in maternal health often brings up social validity concerns. (
  • The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is "mining" Facebook and Twitter to improve its social media footprint and to assess how Tweets can be used as "change-agents" for health behaviors. (
  • The NLM, a division of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), will have software installed on government computers that will store data from social media as part of a $30,000 project announced last week. (
  • The world-wide explosion in the use of social media provides a unique opportunity for sampling sentiment and use patterns of NLM's 'customers' and for comparing NLM to other sources of health-related information," the agency said. (
  • Behavior change in public health is also known as social and behavior change communication (SBCC). (
  • A central theme is the focus on social psychological principles related to etiology, prevention, and treatment of addictive and health related behaviors. (
  • Some adverse health effects of economic downturns are direct and undisputed, such as increases in psychological stress, depression, and related illnesses, while others are indirect and less clear. (
  • Make sure all students receive the same consequences (consistency) every time (predictability) and positively reinforce prosocial behaviors often for all students. (
  • Be mindful of the difference between logical consequences (which are directly linked to students' behavior and focus on corrective guidance and modelling to promote learning and behavior change) and punishment (which focus on short-term compliance). (
  • The few scientific data regarding the adverse health consequences of WPS point to dangers that are similar to those associated with cigarette smoking: malignancy, impaired pulmonary function, low birth weight, and others. (
  • However, if a man in his 60s is still exhibiting the same behavior, he might see more immediate negative health consequences, Saint Onge said. (
  • Specific aims are: 1) Evaluate relative efficacy of in-person vs. web-based PFIs in comparison to assessment only, in reducing gambling behavior, AOD use, and related consequences of at-risk college student gamblers with SUDs. (
  • Health, Mind, and Behavior is the twenty-third program in the Discovering Psychology series. (
  • In a gaming disorder discussion forum held Thursday at the National Assembly library, Ahn Woo-young, a psychology professor at Seoul National University, addressed doubts about the impact of problematic gaming on health. (
  • Handbook of Health Psychology. (
  • The status quo of medicine focused on 'illness care' rather than 'health care' is not sustainable. (
  • This is done with the utmost care after sufficient rapport has been established so that the client doesn't feel the need to defend his behavior. (
  • The material on this site is for informational purposes only, and is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment provided by a qualified health care provider. (
  • He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. (
  • The Institute of Medicine has identified patient-centered care as an important dimension of health care quality. (
  • Patient-centered, 'culturally sensitive' health care addresses patients' cultural preferences and tailors care to the patient's cultural needs. (
  • The higher the percentage of racially and ethnically diverse staff members employed at a health care facility, the more satisfaction patients reported about their care. (
  • Improving health care in ways that matter most to patients, families, and caregivers. (
  • According to sociology literature, health care seeking behaviour will be influenced by the individual self, diseases, and the availability and accessibility of health services. (
  • The decisions made encompasses all available health care options like visiting a public or private and modern or traditional health facility, self-medication and use of home remedies or not to utilize the available health services etc. (
  • Planning for health care services provision depends on the health needs and HSB of the population. (
  • Determining the health care seeking behavior is essential to provide need based health care services to the population. (
  • The desired HSB has been related to visiting official channels in a formally recognized health care system. (
  • The overall organization and the administration of hospital networks, health care systems, and many related healthcare settings could affect the patient health prognosis, quality of care provided, and patient satisfaction. (
  • The service provided, their mission statements, and whether they are a private or public organization may classify the health care organizations. (
  • The importance of all health care organizations is to provide healthcare service regardless of income status. (
  • Therefore, this trend presents a new challenge for adolescent health care providers. (
  • This trend, reflecting globalization's impact on developed nations, presents a new challenge for adolescent health care providers. (
  • And a survey of doctors and other health care providers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia found that even though 95 percent of them thought showing up to work sick puts patients at risk, 83 percent of them did it anyway. (
  • The vast majority of health care providers said they were worried about letting down colleagues or patients if they stayed home. (
  • We all feel pressured to deny our own needs (often giving up meals, bathroom breaks, and yes, caring for our own illnesses) in order to meet the high pressure/high demand/productivity of the health care system," one doctor wrote. (
  • And this is despite the fact that numerous outbreaks in health care facilities have been caused by infected workers. (
  • Health care is a high-stakes, pressure-packed environment that can test the limits of civility in the workplace. (
  • A new alert issued today by The Joint Commission warns that rude language and hostile behavior among health care professionals goes beyond being unpleasant and poses a serious threat to patient safety and the overall quality of care. (
  • Previous Alerts have addressed pediatric medication errors, wrong-site surgery, medication mix-ups, health care-associated infections and patient suicides, among others. (
  • between the immediate gratification factor and the pressure from pharmaceuticals (everywhere you go in the health care field you see clocks, stickie notepads, pens, rollodexes, all with insignias of various medications). (
  • Our goal is to present the facts for readers to understand and use to make informed choices about health and health care. (
  • Through blogs and comments, patients and experts explore what it takes to find good health care and make the most of it. (
  • Overall, we found counties that are struggling economically tend to have inadequate health care resources or infrastructure and have the highest rates of later-stage breast cancer,' said Roger Anderson, Ph.D., of Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine. (
  • The BBB Program and the Health Care Management Department of the Wharton School have jointly sponsored this effort. (
  • Students interested in the minor should contact Ms. June Kinney in the Health Care Systems Office at [email protected] or in her office 205 Colonial Penn Center (3641 Locust Walk) for advising and signature before declaring the minor with the BBB Office. (
  • HCMG 101, Health Care Systems, is a basic course and would ordinarily be taken first in the sequence of health management course (although it is not technically a prerequisite for other HCMG courses). (
  • Stay up to date: Receive monthly updates on RWJF-sponsored research that informs leading health policy debates on Capitol Hill - from health equity to improving access to quality health care, child nutrition, equitable housing, and more. (
  • Neonatal health care costs related to smoking during pregnancy. (
  • And many of these offerings, especially those intended for use outside a clinic or hospital, "are only going to be effective if they can change behavior-change health care-for a long period of time," McCray said. (
  • Effectively promoting health-related behavior change needs to be a key component of health care research and policy. (
  • Participants who admitted they had high risks had average annual health care costs of $4432, but average annual costs were $2382 for those who did not. (
  • A new podcast introduces a series on health behavior change, providing an overview of key theories and models and their value to PTs and PTAs. (
  • Developments in health behavior change theories since the late 1990s have focused on incorporating disparate theories of health behavior change into a single unified theory. (
  • The roster also includes speakers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, University of Michigan and National Jewish Health, in addition to scientists from Emory and Georgia Tech. (
  • Health professionals and school-based substance use prevention programs should include strategies focused on the prevention of both synthetic cannabinoids and marijuana. (
  • Data were collected by The CDM Group, Inc., Bethesda, MD. Data were prepared for release by the Prevention Research Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (
  • If we can continue to build on this research, we can use it to both understand our health behaviors and risks and to identify what programs our members need to improve their health," said Hill, a prevention specialist with the Arkansas Center for Health Improvement in Little Rock. (
  • With the costs of health insurance continuing to rise far faster than the cost of living, the ability of HR departments to communicate effectively about health improvements has become more challenging. (
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation. (
  • There is a wider range of approaches to this treatment, but they all focus on training clients out of maladaptive behavior. (
  • Protection motivation theory: Focuses on understanding the fear appeal that mediates behavior change and describes how threat/coping appraisal is related to how adaptive or maladaptive when coping with a health threat. (
  • By studying these relationships, health psychologists hope to find more ways to prevent illness and improve our health and well-being. (
  • Convincing a person to receive a vaccination to benefit their health is a growing struggle for public health and medical clinicians. (
  • 2 , 3 The expanding influence of Eastern and Arab cultures in the United States and Europe places WPS as a potentially important public health issue for adolescents in these countries. (
  • Describe the roles biostatistics serves in the discipline of public health. (
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data. (
  • Interpret results of statistical analyses found in public health studies. (
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences. (
  • Identify the principles and limitations of public health screening programs. (
  • Describe a public health problem in terms of magnitude, person, time and place. (
  • Identify the main components and issues of the organization, financing and delivery of health services and public health systems in the US. (
  • Describe the legal and ethical bases for public health and health services. (
  • Apply principles of strategic planning and marketing to public health. (
  • Apply via the School of Public Health. (
  • Looking at the more holistic picture of their health habits, would give medical or public health advocates a clearer picture and allow them to prescribe a plan of action that might be more likely to succeed, Saint Onge said. (
  • It is an official journal of the Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE). (
  • Lee Hae-kook, a psychiatrist who served as a consultant on a WHO task force for mental health, said the gaming disorder classification followed a "thorough review of its public health implications. (
  • Lee said while he "understand(s) the concerns of the game industry," there were no considerations -- political or economic -- involved in the decision other than protection of public health. (
  • A good public health intervention is not only defined by the results they create, but also the number of levels it hits on the socioecological model (individual, interpersonal, community and/or environment). (