Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Head injuries which feature compromise of the skull and dura mater. These may result from gunshot wounds (WOUNDS, GUNSHOT), stab wounds (WOUNDS, STAB), and other forms of trauma.
A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.
A relatively common sequela of blunt head injury, characterized by a global disruption of axons throughout the brain. Associated clinical features may include NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; DEMENTIA; and other disorders.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES due to TRAUMA. Hemorrhage may involve any part of the CEREBRAL CORTEX and the BASAL GANGLIA. Depending on the severity of bleeding, clinical features may include SEIZURES; APHASIA; VISION DISORDERS; MOVEMENT DISORDERS; PARALYSIS; and COMA.
Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.
Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.
A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.
A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Conditions characterized by persistent brain damage or dysfunction as sequelae of cranial trauma. This disorder may result from DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; BRAIN EDEMA; and other conditions. Clinical features may include DEMENTIA; focal neurologic deficits; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; AKINETIC MUTISM; or COMA.
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
Pathologic partial or complete loss of the ability to recall past experiences (AMNESIA, RETROGRADE) or to form new memories (AMNESIA, ANTEROGRADE). This condition may be of organic or psychologic origin. Organic forms of amnesia are usually associated with dysfunction of the DIENCEPHALON or HIPPOCAMPUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-7)
A scale that assesses the outcome of serious craniocerebral injuries, based on the level of regained social functioning.
A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
General or unspecified injuries to the hand.
Brain injuries resulted from vigorous shaking of an infant or young child held by the chest, shoulders, or extremities causing extreme cranial acceleration. It is characterized by the intracranial and intraocular hemorrhages with no evident external trauma. Serious cases may result in death.
The anterior portion of the spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) that contains mainly the nucleus with highly compact CHROMATIN material.
Accumulation of blood in the EPIDURAL SPACE between the SKULL and the DURA MATER, often as a result of bleeding from the MENINGEAL ARTERIES associated with a temporal or parietal bone fracture. Epidural hematoma tends to expand rapidly, compressing the dura and underlying brain. Clinical features may include HEADACHE; VOMITING; HEMIPARESIS; and impaired mental function.
Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.
Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
Simulation of symptoms of illness or injury with intent to deceive in order to obtain a goal, e.g., a claim of physical illness to avoid jury duty.
General or unspecified injuries to the heart.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The major types are idiopathic (primary), as a complication of fractures or dislocations, and LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE.
Damage to the MYOCARDIUM resulting from MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION (restoration of blood flow to ischemic areas of the HEART.) Reperfusion takes place when there is spontaneous thrombolysis, THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY, collateral flow from other coronary vascular beds, or reversal of vasospasm.
General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).
Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.
A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.
A skull fracture characterized by inward depression of a fragment or section of cranial bone, often compressing the underlying dura mater and brain. Depressed cranial fractures which feature open skin wounds that communicate with skull fragments are referred to as compound depressed skull fractures.
Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue. Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see HYPOXIA, BRAIN). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS). (From Childs Nerv Syst 1992 Sep; 8(6):301-6)
Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Bleeding from the vessels of the retina.
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
The organic and psychogenic disturbances observed after closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED). Post-concussion syndrome includes subjective physical complaints (i.e. headache, dizziness), cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes. These disturbances can be chronic, permanent, or late emerging.
Bleeding into the SUBARACHNOID SPACE due to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Minor hemorrhages may be asymptomatic; moderate to severe hemorrhages may be associated with INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION and VASOSPASM, INTRACRANIAL.
Injuries to the PERIPHERAL NERVES.
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.
Secondary headache attributed to TRAUMA of the HEAD and/or the NECK.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Injuries to blood vessels caused by laceration, contusion, puncture, or crush and other types of injuries. Symptoms vary by site and mode of injuries and may include bleeding, bruising, swelling, pain, and numbness. It does not include injuries secondary to pathologic function or diseases such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
Breaks in bones.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
General or unspecified injuries involving the face and jaw (either upper, lower, or both).
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
General or unspecified injuries involving the fingers.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
Bleeding within the SKULL induced by penetrating and nonpenetrating traumatic injuries, including hemorrhages into the tissues of CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM; as well as into the epidural, subdural and subarachnoid spaces of the MENINGES.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
A two-person sport in which the fists are skillfully used to attack and defend.
Rooms occupied by one or more individuals during a stay in a health facility. The concept includes aspects of environment, design, care, or economics.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Automotive safety devices consisting of a bag designed to inflate upon collision and prevent passengers from pitching forward. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE with delayed onset of neurological symptoms. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
Dysfunction of one or more cranial nerves causally related to a traumatic injury. Penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; NECK INJURIES; and trauma to the facial region are conditions associated with cranial nerve injuries.
A generalized seizure disorder characterized by recurrent major motor seizures. The initial brief tonic phase is marked by trunk flexion followed by diffuse extension of the trunk and extremities. The clonic phase features rhythmic flexor contractions of the trunk and limbs, pupillary dilation, elevations of blood pressure and pulse, urinary incontinence, and tongue biting. This is followed by a profound state of depressed consciousness (post-ictal state) which gradually improves over minutes to hours. The disorder may be cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (caused by an identified disease process). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p329)
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
Compounds that increase urine volume by increasing the amount of osmotically active solute in the urine. Osmotic diuretics also increase the osmolarity of plasma.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.
Using ice skates, roller skates, or skateboards in racing or other competition or for recreation.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
A light and spongy (pneumatized) bone that lies between the orbital part of FRONTAL BONE and the anterior of SPHENOID BONE. Ethmoid bone separates the ORBIT from the ETHMOID SINUS. It consists of a horizontal plate, a perpendicular plate, and two lateral labyrinths.
A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Suva. It was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1643 and was visited by Captain Cook in 1774. It was used by escaped convicts from Australia as early as 1804. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1874 but achieved independence in 1970. The name Fiji is of uncertain origin. In its present form it may represent that of Viti, the main island in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p396 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p186)
Penetrating stab wounds caused by needles. They are of special concern to health care workers since such injuries put them at risk for developing infectious disease.
An increase in the rate of speed.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.
A subset of VIRIDANS STREPTOCOCCI, but the species in this group differ in their hemolytic pattern and diseases caused. These species are often beta-hemolytic and produce pyogenic infections.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.
Fractures of the bones in the orbit, which include parts of the frontal, ethmoidal, lacrimal, and sphenoid bones and the maxilla and zygoma.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Traumatic injury to the abducens, or sixth, cranial nerve. Injury to this nerve results in lateral rectus muscle weakness or paralysis. The nerve may be damaged by closed or penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA or by facial trauma involving the orbit.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Drugs intended to prevent damage to the brain or spinal cord from ischemia, stroke, convulsions, or trauma. Some must be administered before the event, but others may be effective for some time after. They act by a variety of mechanisms, but often directly or indirectly minimize the damage produced by endogenous excitatory amino acids.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the external auditory meatus or through the eustachian tube into the nasopharynx. This is usually associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE involving the TEMPORAL BONE;), NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES; or other conditions, but may rarely occur spontaneously. (From Am J Otol 1995 Nov;16(6):765-71)
Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Injuries to the fibrous cords of connective tissue which attach muscles to bones or other structures.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Penetrating and nonpenetrating traumatic injuries to an extracranial or intracranial blood vessel that supplies the brain. This includes the CAROTID ARTERIES; VERTEBRAL ARTERIES; MENINGEAL ARTERIES; CEREBRAL ARTERIES; veins, and venous sinuses.
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Injuries to the wrist or the wrist joint.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE with acute onset of neurological symptoms. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Interfacility or intrahospital transfer of patients. Intrahospital transfer is usually to obtain a specific kind of care and interfacility transfer is usually for economic reasons as well as for the type of care provided.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE over the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Lung damage that is caused by the adverse effects of PULMONARY VENTILATOR usage. The high frequency and tidal volumes produced by a mechanical ventilator can cause alveolar disruption and PULMONARY EDEMA.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
Child hospitalized for short term care.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)
Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.
Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Antioxidant mechanisms in apolipoprotein E deficient mice prior to and following closed head injury. (1/230)

Apolipoprotein E deficient mice have distinct memory deficits and neurochemical derangements and their recovery from closed head injury is impaired. In the present study, we examined the possibility that the neuronal derangements of apolipoprotein E deficient mice are associated with oxidative stress, which in turn affects their ability to recover from close head injury. It was found that brain phospholipid levels in apolipoprotein E deficient mice are lower than those of the controls (55+/-15% of control, P<0. 01), that the cholesterol levels of the two mice groups are similar and that the levels of conjugated dienes of the apolipoprotein E deficient mice are higher than those of control mice (132+/-15% of P<0.01). Brains of apolipoprotein E deficient mice had higher Mn-superoxide dismutase (134+/-7%), catalase (122+/-8%) and glutathione reductase (167+/-7%) activities than control (P<0.01), whereas glutathione peroxidase activity and the levels of reduced glutathione and ascorbic acid were similar in the two mouse groups. Closed head injury increased catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities in both mouse groups, whereas glutathione reductase increased only in control mice. The superoxide dismutase activity was unaffected in both groups. These findings suggest that the antioxidative metabolism of apolipoprotein E deficient mice is altered both prior to and following head injury and that antioxidative mechanisms may play a role in mediating the neuronal maintenance and repair derangements of the apolipoprotein E deficient mice.  (+info)

Clinical studies on diffuse axonal injury in patients with severe closed head injury. (2/230)

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical criteria for diagnosing diffuse axonal injury (DAI). METHODS: Clinical and computed tomographic features of 117 patients with severe closed head injury were analyzed. The authors preliminarily put forward CT diagnostic criteria of DAI, that is, 1) single or multiple small intraparenchymal hemorrhages in the cerebral hemispheres (< 2 cm in diameter); 2) intraventricular hemorrhage; 3) hemorrhage in the corpus callosum; 4) small focal areas of hemorrhage adjacent to the third ventricle (< 2 cm in diameter); and 5) brain stem hemorrhage. All patients were divided into two groups, DAI and non-DAI group, according to the criteria. There were 42 patients in the DAI group and 75 patients in the non-DAI group. The injury causes, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores on admission, coexisting injuries and outcomes were compared between the two groups. The relationship between DAI and the outcomes in the patients with severe head injury was analyzed. RESULTS: Traffic accident was the main injury cause in the cases of DAI. GCS scores on admission in patients with DAI were significantly lower than those in patients without DAI. The incidence of diffuse brain swelling (DBS) in the DAI group was significantly higher than that in the non-DAI group, whereas the incidences of both skull fracture and epidural hematoma (EDH) in the DAI group were significantly lower than those in non-DAI group. There was no significant difference between the incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and subdural hematoma (SDH) in the two groups. The incidence of poor outcome in the DAI group was significantly higher than that in the non-DAI group, although there was no significant difference between the mortalities in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Because DAI is a very important factor worsening the outcome of patients with head injury, it is essential to make a diagnosis as soon as possible. The clinical manifestations of DAI, however, are not specific and DAI does not show directly on CT scans, so it is difficult to make a definite diagnosis. The CT diagnostic criteria of DAI put forward in this article are practicable, though they are by no means perfect.  (+info)

Multifocal cerebellar granular layer necrosis in traumatically head-injured lambs. (3/230)

In a blunt, nonmissile, head impact model of traumatic brain injury in 4-5-week-old Merino lambs, multiple foci of internal granular layer necrosis were found in all 10 impacted animals. This lesion has not previously been reported after human or animal head injury. Temporal lobe impact contusions, predominantly microscopic (8/10) and contralateral contusions (2/10), parenchymal (10/10) and subarachnoid (10/10) hemorrhage, and widely distributed axonal injury were also observed. Although the precise pathogenesis of this focal granule cell necrosis and often attendant red cell change in Purkinje cells was unclear, an ischemic etiology due to trauma-related vascular damage is postulated.  (+info)

Prophylactic inferior vena cava filters in trauma patients at high risk: follow-up examination and risk/benefit assessment. (4/230)

PURPOSE: The efficacy of prophylactic inferior vena cava filters in selected trauma patients at high risk has come into question in relation to risk/benefit assessment. To evaluate the usefulness of prophylactic inferior vena cava filters, we reviewed our experience and overall complication rate. METHODS: From February 1991 to April 1998, the trauma registry identified 7333 admissions. One hundred eighty-seven prophylactic inferior vena cava filters were inserted. After the exclusion of 27 trauma-related deaths (none caused by thromboembolism), 160 patients were eligible for the study. The eligible patients were contacted and asked to complete a survey and return for a follow-up examination to include physical examination, Doppler scan study, vena cava duplex scanning, and fluoroscopic examination. The patients' hospital charts were reviewed in detail. The indications for prophylactic inferior vena cava filter insertion included prolonged immobilization with multiple injuries, closed head injury, pelvic fracture, spine fracture, multiple long bone fracture, and attending discretion. RESULTS: Of the 160 eligible patients, 127 were men, the mean age was 40.3 years, and the mean injury severity score was 26.1. The mean day of insertion was hospital day 6. Seventy-five patients (47%) returned for evaluation, with a mean follow-up period of 19.4 months after implantation (range, 7 to 60 months). On survey, patients had leg swelling (n = 27), lower extremity numbness (n = 14), shortness of breath (n = 9), chest pain (n = 7), and skin changes (n = 4). All the survey symptoms appeared to be attributable to patient injuries and not related to prophylactic inferior vena cava filter. Physical examination results revealed edema (n = 12) and skin changes (n = 2). Ten Doppler scan studies had results that were suggestive of venous insufficiency, nine of which had histories of deep vein thrombosis. With duplex scanning, 93% (70 of 75) of the vena cavas were visualized, and all were patent. Only 52% (39 of 75) of the prophylactic inferior vena cava filters were visualized with duplex scanning. All the prophylactic inferior vena cava filters were visualized with fluoroscopy, with no evidence of filter migration. Of the total 187 patients, 24 (12.8%) had deep vein thrombosis develop after prophylactic inferior vena cava filter insertion, including 10 of 75 (13.3%) in the follow-up group, and one patient had a nonfatal pulmonary embolism despite filter placement. Filter insertion complications occurred in 1.6% (three of 187) of patients and included one groin hematoma, one arteriovenous fistula, and one misplacement in the common iliac vein. CONCLUSION: This study's results show that prophylactic inferior vena cava filters can be placed safely with low morbidity and no attributable long-term disabilities. In this patient population with a high risk of pulmonary embolism, prophylactic inferior vena cava filters offered a 99.5% protection rate, with only one of 187 patients having a nonfatal pulmonary embolism.  (+info)

Correlation between cerebral oxygen saturation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy and jugular oxygen saturation in patients with severe closed head injury. (5/230)

Near-infrared spectroscopy has been used to monitor cerebral oxygen saturation during cerebral circulatory arrest and carotid clamping. However, its utility has not been demonstrated in more complex situations, such as in patients with head injuries. The authors tested this method during conditions that may alter the arteriovenous partition of cerebral blood in different ways. METHODS: The authors compared changes in measured cerebral oxygen saturation and other hemodynamic parameters, including jugular venous oxygen saturation, in nine patients with severe closed head injury during manipulation of arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure and after mean arterial pressure was altered by vasopressors. RESULTS: The Bland and Altman representation of cerebral oxygen saturation versus jugular oxygen saturation showed a uniform scatter. Values for changing arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure were: bias = 1.1%, 2 SD = +/-21%, absolute value; and those for alterations in mean arterial pressure: bias = 3.7%, 2 SD = +/-24%, absolute value. However, a Bland and Altman plot of changes in cerebral oxygen saturation versus changes in jugular oxygen saturation had a negative slope (alteration in arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure: bias = 2.4%, 2 SD = +/-17%, absolute value; alteration in mean arterial pressure: bias = -4.9%, 2 SD = +/-31%, absolute value). Regression analysis showed that changes in cerebral oxygen saturation were positively correlated with changes in jugular venous oxygen saturation during the carbon dioxide challenge, whereas correlation was negative during the arterial pressure challenge. CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral oxygen saturation assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy does not adequately reflect changes in jugular venous oxygen saturation in patients with severe head injury. Changes in arteriovenous partitioning, infrared-spectroscopy contamination by extracerebral signal, algorithm errors, and dissimilar tissue sampling may explain these findings.  (+info)

Spontaneous ventriculostomy: report of three cases revealed by flow-sensitive phase-contrast cine MR imaging. (6/230)

Spontaneous ventriculostomy is a rare condition that occurs with the spontaneous rupture of a ventricle, resulting in a communication between the ventricular system and the subarachnoid space. Three cases of spontaneous ventriculostomy through the floor of the third ventricle that occurred in cases of chronic obstructive hydrocephalus are presented. The communication was identified via flow-sensitive phase-contrast cine MR imaging. Spontaneous ventriculostomy is probably a result of a rupture of the normally thin membrane that forms the floor of the third ventricle and, with long-standing obstructive hydrocephalus, creates an internal drainage pathway that spontaneously compensates for the hydrocephalus.  (+info)

Refractory symptomatic schizophrenia resulting from frontal lobe lesion: response to clozapine. (7/230)

A 34-year-old man with a 10-year history of persistent auditory hallucinations and passivity delusions had failed to respond to a variety of conventional antipsychotic medications. He had a history of head trauma 8 years before the onset of psychiatric symptoms. Recent investigations revealed a post-traumatic infarct, situated in the left frontal lobe, on a magnetic resonance imaging scan. Treatment with clozapine for more than 2 years resulted in a marked improvement in his psychotic symptoms. The localization of the brain lesion may be related to the etiology of his symptoms and to the clinical response to clozapine.  (+info)

Experimental closed head injury: analysis of neurological outcome, blood-brain barrier dysfunction, intracranial neutrophil infiltration, and neuronal cell death in mice deficient in genes for pro-inflammatory cytokines. (8/230)

Cytokines are important mediators of intracranial inflammation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the present study, the neurological impairment and mortality, blood-brain barrier (BBB) function, intracranial polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) accumulation, and posttraumatic neuronal cell death were monitored in mice lacking the genes for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)/lymphotoxin-alpha (LT-alpha) (TNF/LT-alpha-/-) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and in wild-type (WT) littermates subjected to experimental closed head injury (total n = 107). The posttraumatic mortality was significantly increased in TNF/LT-alpha-/- mice (40%; P < 0.02) compared with WT animals (10%). The IL-6-/- mice also showed a higher mortality (17%) than their WT littermates (5.6%), but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The neurological severity score was similar among all groups from 1 to 72 hours after trauma, whereas at 7 days, the TNF/LT-alpha-/- mice showed a tendency toward better neurological recovery than their WT littermates. Interestingly, neither the degree of BBB dysfunction nor the number of infiltrating PMNs in the injured hemisphere was different between WT and cytokine-deficient mice. Furthermore, the analysis of brain sections by in situ DNA nick end labeling (TUNEL histochemistry) at 24 hours and 7 days after head injury revealed a similar extent of posttraumatic intracranial cell death in all animals. These results show that the pathophysiological sequelae of TBI are not significantly altered in mice lacking the genes for the proinflammatory cytokines TNF, LT-alpha, and IL-6. Nevertheless, the increased posttraumatic mortality in TNF/LT-alpha-deficient mice suggests a protective effect of these cytokines by mechanisms that have not been elucidated yet.  (+info)

Children seen in the emergency department with a recent history of minor blunt head trauma who are found to have a normal computed tomography (CT) scans do not require hospitalization for further observation, according to a large, national multi-center study published online today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.. Each year in the United States, blunt head trauma in children results in approximately 3,000 deaths, 50,000 hospitalizations, and 650,000 emergency department (ED) visits. Trauma of all kind is a leading cause of death in children older than 1 year. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for more than 70% of fatal childhood injuries. Children often are admitted to the hospital for additional observation after blunt head trauma to allow frequent neurologic examinations. However, studies in adults have found that neurological problems following minor blunt head trauma are rare and that hospitalization after a normal cranial CT scan is unnecessary.. James Homes, MD, professor of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Performance of the Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale Score in the Evaluation of Children With Blunt Head Trauma. AU - Borgialli, Dominic A.. AU - Mahajan, Prashant. AU - Hoyle, John D.. AU - Powell, Elizabeth C.. AU - Nadel, Frances M.. AU - Tunik, Michael G.. AU - Foerster, Adele. AU - Dong, Lydia. AU - Miskin, Michelle. AU - Dayan, Peter S.. AU - Holmes, James F.. AU - Kuppermann, Nathan. AU - Walthall, Jennifer. AU - Gerardi, M.. AU - Tunik, M.. AU - Tsung, J.. AU - Melville, K.. AU - Lee, L.. AU - Mahajan, P.. AU - Dayan, P.. AU - Nadel, F.. AU - Powell, E.. AU - Atabaki, S.. AU - Brown, K.. AU - Glass, T.. AU - Hoyle, J.. AU - Cooper, A.. AU - Jacobs, E.. AU - Foerster, A.. AU - Monroe, D.. AU - Borgialli, D.. AU - Gorelick, M.. AU - Bandyopadhyay, S.. AU - Bachman, M.. AU - Schamban, N.. AU - Callahan, J.. AU - Kuppermann, N.. AU - Holmes, J.. AU - Lichenstein, R.. AU - Stanley, R.. AU - Badawy, M.. AU - Babcock-Cimpello, L.. AU - Schunk, J.. AU - Quayle, K.. AU - Jaffe, ...
Whiplash - Closed Head Injury with Resulting Brain Injury. Graphic depiction of closed head injury (coup-contra-coup) resulting in brain injury. Shows the following stages: A. Normal brain; B. Head thrust back with brain impacting the skull wall; and C. Head thrust forward with brain impacting the posterior cranial wall. Hemorrhage contusions to the temporal lobes. A final illustration reveals a subarachnoid hemorrhage with frontal and temporal lobe contusions.
Whiplash - Closed Head Injury With Resulting Brain Injury,Medical Illustration database of the best portfolios and stock images now features General and Commercial Illustration and illustrators. 8,000+ image database includes all types of subjects and features the largest directory of medical, science, and nature illustrators and illustration on the web.
Whiplash - Coup and Contracoup Closed Head Injury. Shows the contrecoup injury occuring when the force from a rear end automobile collision causes the head to snap backward while the front of the brain strikes the interior of the skull. The brain moves forward until it meets with a solid object. In the coup injury, the head recoils forward, as happens when the body is restrained by a lap and shoulder belt, while the brain remains in stasis until the forward rushing skull strikes the rear part of the brain.
Closed Head Injury Trauma | BrainAndSpinalCord.org - Legal help resource for patients with traumatic brain, head, and spinal cord injuries.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Central nervous system-targeted complement inhibition mediates neuroprotection after closed head injury in transgenic mice. AU - Rancan, Mario. AU - Morganti-Kossmann, Maria Cristina. AU - Barnum, Scott R. AU - Saft, Silvia. AU - Schmidt, Oliver I. AU - Ertel, Wolfgang. AU - Stahel, Philip F. PY - 2003. Y1 - 2003. U2 - 10.1097/01.WCB.0000084250.20114.2C. DO - 10.1097/01.WCB.0000084250.20114.2C. M3 - Article. VL - 23. SP - 1070. EP - 1074. JO - Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. JF - Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. SN - 0271-678X. IS - 9. ER - ...
A closed head injury can have lasting effect and be costly to treat even though the skull was not penetrated. Our lawyers can help.
Recently, cases of multiple concussions, or mild traumatic brain injury, in athletes have received increased attention. Compared to single concussion (sTBI), repeat concussions (rTBI) can produce significant long-term consequences and increased risk for neurodegenerative disease. However, mechanisms underlying this difference are poorly understood and are best elucidated using an animal model. Closed-head models of rTBI have been developed in mice and juvenile rats, but few have been developed in the adult rat. To the best of our knowledge, there is no closed-head model using a commercially available device, including the Controlled Cortical Impact (CCI) device. We developed a clinically relevant closed-head injury model of concussion in the adult rat using a Leica CCI device. Rats were placed in a stereotax frame without ear-bars, on a foam-bed base. The head was stabilized against a Plexiglas frame to control impact while allowing head movement. A 6.5 m/s impact was delivered onto the head surface
Drosophila models have been instrumental in providing insights into molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration, that are applicable to human disease. We have recently described a model of controlled head injury to flies, which remarkably parallels many of the physiological responses of...
I am often asked clinical questions pertaining to traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are two major types of TBI that include closed head injury (CHI) in which the skull is struck and does not fracture. The second type is known as open head injury in which the skull is struck and fractures (split the head open). Sometimes an open head injury is advantageous as it permits room for the predictable swelling or edema that occurs with head injuries. The problem with an open head injury is high risk for infection.. Closed head injuries are caused by a blow to the head from a motor vehicle accident, sports such as football, hockey, and even soccer, falls, and being hit by an instrument or other object. The brain sits in a liquid medium called cerebral spinal fluid and it will move inside the skull with an accelerating and then decelerating force. The brain can be injured at the site of the trauma (coup) and also on the opposite side of the brain as it moves in the liquid medium and hits against the ...
Principal Investigator: Stephen E. Olvey, M.D.. Institution: Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, 1501 N.W. 9th Avenue, Miami, FL 33136. The Development of a System Using Triaxial Accelerometers to Measure Head Motion and Energy Exposure During High Velocity Vehicular Impact. Update. Head injury is a serious safety concern in motorsports. In Indy car events from 1985 - 1989, 367 crashes occurred involving 413 drivers, 38 of these drivers sustained 48 injuries. Despite the use of helmets and other safety equipment, 29.2% of these injuries were closed head injuries. One of the most severe types of closed head injuries, diffuse axonal injury (DAI), occurs as a result of high velocity acceleration/ deceleration of the head with a rotational component that may cause widespread neuroanatomical and neurophysiological damage. Athletes in a variety of sports who survive this type of injury can be afflicted with persistent neurological deficits.. Triaxial ...
Homepage for brain injury survivors & caregivers with pictures, stories, poems, art gallery, message board, question of the week board, homepages, & email lists
Homepage for brain injury survivors & caregivers with pictures, stories, poems, art gallery, message board, question of the week board, homepages, & email lists
Recent Notus Publications Bigler, E. D. , Allen, M. D. , Stimac, G. K, (2012). MRI and functional MRI. In Simpson, J. R. (Ed. ) Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry: From the clinic to the courtroom. Wiley-Blackwell Press. Abstract Woon, F. L. , Allen, M. D. , Hedges, D. , Miller, C. (2012). The functional magnetic resonance imaging-based verbal fluency test in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Neurocase. Abstract Allen, M. D. , Hedges, D. W. , Farrer, T. J. , and Larson, M. J. (2012). Assessment of Brain Activity during Memory Encoding in a Narcolepsy Patient On and Off Modafinil using Normative f. MRI data. Neurocase, 18, 13 -25. Abstract Allen, M. D. , Owens, T. E. , Fong, A. K. , Richards, D. R. (2011). A Functional Neuroimaging Analysis of the Trail Making Test-B: Implications for Clinical Application. Behavioural Neurology, 24, 159 -171. Abstract Allen, M. D. , Wu, T. C. , & Bigler, E. , (2011). Traumatic Brain Injury Alters Word Memory Test Performance by Slowing Response Time and Increasing ...
Right away, Bradley Peterson, M.D., senior consultant at the Ernest Hahn Critical Care Center and medical director of Childrens Hospital Emergency Transport team, realized he was dealing with a unique situation.. Elijah had an unusual, complicated combination of injuries including cardiac arrest, brain injury due to electrocution, as well as a closed head injury suffered when he was knocked off the electrified pole, he says. While scans didnt show any damage from the closed head injury or cardiac arrest, we closely monitored for evolving signs that the injury wasnt healing.. Elijahs body temperature was again cooled, and he was placed in a medically induced coma to help control his intracranial pressure. Keeping a close watch on that and other measurements was essential to his brains recovery.. We took an aggressive approach with multiple therapies implemented by a well-trained team, adjusting treatment as we progressed, Dr. Peterson says. Elijahs blood pressure, blood oxygen levels ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
A multi-center study of more than 40,000 children with minor blunt head trauma, led by Childrens Hospital Boston and UC Davis, shows that allowing a period of observation can reduce the use of head CT by as much as half without compromising care -- and without exposing children to ionizing radiation. Results appear in the June 2011 issue of Pediatrics.
Births. Mercy Health St. Vincent Medical Center. Brittany Cooper, Toledo, boy, Sept. 14.. Melinda Flores, Toledo, boy, Sept. 14.. Stephanie Lewis, Toledo, boy, Sept. 15.. ProMedica Toledo Hospital. Amanda and Brett Freyer, Toledo, boy, Sept. 13.. Yvonne Bailey and Zachary Smithson, Helena, Ohio, boy, Sept. 14.. Miranda Algarin, Rossford, boy, Sept. 14.. Monica Nave, Toledo, boy, Sept. 14.. Sara and Paul Bersticker, Holland, girl, Sept. 15.. St. Lukes Hospital. Juanita and Anthony Pettaway, Toledo, girl, Sept. 16.. Breana Elias, Toledo, girl, Sept. 17.. Coroners rulings. Lucas County. Clyde Adkins, 71, of Toledo, June 20, at University of Toledo Medical Center, the former Medical College of Ohio Hospital. Accidental, complications of blunt force trauma to torso and extremities sustained from vehicle accident.. Earle Bates, 86, of LaSalle, Mich., June 11, at ProMedica Toledo Hospital. Accidental, blunt head trauma; deceased fell.. Betsy Douglas, 63, of Toledo, April 15, at home. Suicide, ...
Now, nearly two decades after the murder, the case is headed to the states top court. Daniel Holland is appealing a judges refusal to grant him a new trial, arguing that his lawyers failed to present evidence of his mental health issues. The state Supreme Judicial Court is scheduled to hear arguments Thursday.. On Oct. 14, 1998, 8-year-old Patrick Holland walked into his mothers bedroom in their house in Quincy and found her body. He ran outside in his underwear and told a neighbor that someone had shot his mom.. Who is going to take care of me now? he asked.. Inside the house, police found pieces of a shattered .22-caliber rifle on Elizabeth Hollands body.. During Daniel Hollands trial, prosecutors said he had purchased the rifle and ammunition about a month before his wifes death. The couple had been separated for eight months.. The cause of death was multiple gunshot wounds to her chest and abdomen, with blunt head trauma listed as a contributing factor.. Holland was convicted of ...
The pathophysiology of extracranial traumatic aneurysm formation has not been fully elucidated. Intraarterial optical coherence tomography (OCT), an imaging modality capable of micrometer cross-sectional resolution, was used to evaluate patients presenting with saccular traumatic aneurysms of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Two consecutive trauma patients diagnosed with saccular traumatic aneurysms of the cervical ICA, per the institutional screening protocol for traumatic cerebrovascular injury, underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA) with OCT. Optical coherence tomography demonstrated disruption of the intima with preservation and stretching of the more peripheral layers. In 1 patient the traumatic aneurysm was associated with thrombus formation and a separate, more proximal dissection not visible on CT angiography (CTA) or DSA. Imaging with OCT indicates that saccular traumatic aneurysms may develop from disruption of the intima with at least partial preservation of the media and ...
Neurologic, psychiatric and psychophysiologic (computed EEG) examinations were carried out in 100 Chernobyl accidents survivors who had got acute radiation sickness (ARS), in 100 Chernobyl liquidators who worked for 5 or more years in the zone (1986-1987) as well as in control groups: 20 normal age- and gender-matched adults and 50 veterans of the Afganistan war with consequences of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 50 veterans with both PTSD and mild closed head injury. Left-hemispheric cortical-limbic and diencephalic right-hemispheric syndromes were revealed. Left-hemispheric frontal-temporal-limbic dysfunction was associated with schizophrenia-like syndrome, while diencephalic right-hemispheric dysfunction--with the affective syndrome. Doses more than 0.3 Sv (including the ARS-patients) resulted more frequently in the left-hemispheric cortical-limbic and schizophrenia-like syndromes. Diencephalic right-hemispheric and affective syndromes were more frequently observed after the ...
Were learning more about COVID-19 every single day, but now were hearing more about how your age, your weight, and whether youre pregnant could impact how the virus affects you.
Unexpectedly, you may have found yourself facing serious criminal charges. The situation may seem like a bad dream, but in ... blog
Truth is stranger than fiction, they tell me. Im a believer in that adage, because it happened to me and it has changed my life! This is how my new novel, Antitheus, and my debut novel, Trisomy XXI, came into being. Antitheus, which will be released October 16, 2017, is a dark, supernatural tale of horror that takes Good versus Evil to a whole new level. The way in which Antitheus and Trisomy XXI came into being is even more surreal than their storylines. Let me start from the beginning. A few years ago, I was rear-ended by a speeding, drunk driver, which totaled my car and landed me in the hospital emergency room with a closed-head injury. As a result of this devastating accident, I was left with memory loss and aphasia, resulting in problems with expressing my speech and communicating with others.. After numerous visits to a neurologist and months of taking medication used by patients afflicted with Alzheimers Disease, my injured brain slowly began to mend itself. But when the damage to my ...
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) - Clear, colourless fluid in the spaces inside and around the brain and spinal cord.. Closed head injury - Damage to the brain in which there is no penetration through the scalp or skull to the brain tissue. This is the most common type of brain injury and happens when the brain is thrown forwards and/ or backwards, or rotated sharply, e.g. in a car crash.. Cognition - General term used to cover all areas of intellectual functioning. Includes skills such as thinking, remembering, planning, understanding, concentrating and using language.. Coma - State of unconsciousness. Depth of coma is measured by the Glasgow Coma Scale. Contractures Stiffness and resistance to stretching in joints and muscles which are not used regularly.. Contrecoup - Bruising of brain tissue on the opposite side to where the blow was struck. Contusion A bruise caused by a blow with a blunt object.. Craniotomy - Operation to open the skull.. CT scan/ CAT scan - Computerised Axial Tomography. A ...
My daughter had a closed head injury in April of 2006, it was very bad and she was in induced coma for 3 weeks. She recovered very well - finished university and doesnt have any headaches. However, h...
Primary brain stem injury can occur after trauma, the biggest risk factor in most closed head injuries, is the risk of herniation of the cerebral cortex
The effect of a closed head injury is not always apparent. Those who knew the client before are often the best sources of insight on any cognitive or behavioral changes.
Purpose: This retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted to determine the efficacy of four years of an aggressive screening and prophylaxis protocol for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a large trauma population. Methods: From Oct 2002 to Sept 2006, high-risk trauma patients received prophylaxis with both lower extremity (LE) mechanical compression and low molecular weight heparin after admission and were followed with weekly LE duplex ultrasound studies. Data were acquired from the trauma registry for patients with length of stay (LOS) |2 days and adjunctive chart review conducted in all patients with VTE. Results: Over 4 years, 2,939 patients were admitted to the Trauma service with LOS |2 days. Overall rates for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolus (PE) were 2.5% and 0.7%. High risk criteria of closed head injury, spinal cord injury, LE fractures, and pelvic fractures were present in 89% of VTEs. Duplex ultrasound was performed in 982 patients, 9% with DVTs.
I recently had a closed head injury, sever concussion, neck trauma, dislocated left thumb on July 3rd, 2009 I finally got to see a Neurologist on August 17th, 2009, who ordered an E.E.G. and M.R.I. of...
I distrust small numbers. Still, a recent review published in the Journal of Neurosurgery warrants attention. The analysis tracked outcomes of patients on dabigatran who were admitted to a trauma center over a four-month period for closed head injuries after ground-level falls.
Brain Injury, Neuroinflammation and Cognitive Function. Cognitive impairments develop in response to a variety of insults to the CNS including disease or injury and constitute a significant factor with respect to overall function and quality of life. The pathogenesis of cognitive deficits is poorly understood and likely multifaceted. My lab is focused on elucidating how injury-induced alterations in integrated stress response, innate immune response, post transcription/translational modifications, and chronic neuroinflammation affect various neural processes underlying cognitive function.. We employ multiple injury models: focal contusion injury with the controlled cortical impact (CCI), diffuse head injury with head fixed close head injury (CHI) model, repetitive head injury with the Closed-Head Impact Model of Engineered Rotational Acceleration (CHIMERA), therapeutic cranial γ-irradiation and ionizing space radiation. Our ultimate goal is to understand the mechanisms responsible for the ...
Head impact biomechanics, they could be the result of the head coming in contact with another object or person, or not coming in contact with anything.
Looking for online definition of dolls head response in the Medical Dictionary? dolls head response explanation free. What is dolls head response? Meaning of dolls head response medical term. What does dolls head response mean?
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, head traumas in young children are common. Children suffering from trauma-induced head injuries present with headaches, cognitive impairments, changes in personality, and sleep disturbances. Dizziness/vertigo is also a common diagnosis for a significant portion of children presenting with trauma (Faul et al., 2010). Head traumas are frequently subdivided into blunt head traumas and penetrating head traumas. Blunt head injuries, including whiplash injuries, can result in dizziness from fracture of the temporal bone or labyrinthine concussion. In cases of a fracture or concussion in which the labyrinth or vestibular nerve is affected, children can experience severe vertigo with nystagmus and nausea, indicating unilateral impairment in the peripheral vestibular system (i.e., end-organ or vestibular nerve). Penetrating head injuries have been reported to cause vertigo secondary to perilymphatic fistula. As in adults, pediatric benign ...
The majority of TBIs are closed head injuries meaning that the persons skull has not been pierced (although there may be scrapes, abrasions, bruises, etc. on the skull). An open head injury is typically defined as being an injury where the skull has been pierced and the brain has been exposed. The brain itself may or may not be penetrated in these cases.. Closed head injuries occur because of car accidents, being struck in the head, falls, etc. Most open head injuries occur because of objects penetrating the skull such as bullets, knives, pieces of metal of wood, etc. However, it is certainly possible to be hit in the head with a very heavy object such as a crowbar and have a penetrating head injury that would meet the criteria for a traumatic brain injury and that also qualifies as an open head injury.. Traumatic brain injuries are often very complicated. There are several different issues to consider. Just a few of these include:. Coup Injuries to the Brain: This refers to brain damage that ...
Pseudoaneurysms of the superficial temporal artery are an uncommon vascular lesion of the external carotid system and most often the result of blunt head trauma. The frequency of pseudoaneurysms of the superficial temporal artery developing after craniotomy is exceedingly low and only a few cases have been reported. We present a case of pseudoaneurysm of this type in a 45-year-old male who underwent craniotomy for excision of meningioma. One month postoperatively, the craniotomy flap exhibited an enormous diffuse pulsate swelling. The suspected diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm arising from superficial temporal artery was confirmed on angiography. Surgical excision was done and no recurrences of the tumor or aneurysm were noted on subsequent follow up.
A 20-year-old male patient is admitted to the hospital 6 months ago following a motorcycle accident resulting in a severe closed head injury. The man has experienced recurrent fungal skin infections resistant to treatment for 1 month and severe vomiting over the last 2 days. Review of the patients records shows he was well before the injury. He now suffers severe permanent cognitive impairment and requires continuous high-dose phenytoin therapy to manage chronic debilitating tonic-clonic seizures. The patient is resting comfortably in no apparent distress. He is unable to converse coherently. Vital signs are normal. Physical exam is striking for nearly total alopecia. A periorofacial erythematous macular rash is present along with severe seborrheic dermatitis and several truncal ringlike lesions consistent with tinea corpus infection. Select the most likely vitamin deficiency. Answer Choices A. Vitamin A deficiency B. Vitamin B12 deficiency C. Vitamin C deficiency D. Vitamin D deficiency E. ...
During the study period, 1762 boys high school varsity hockey games were played. Of 134 game-related injuries, 82 (61.2%) were attributable to body checking. The PIM rule change was associated with a significant reduction in all injuries (OR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.35-0.86; P = .008), concussion/closed head injury (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.23-0.85; P = .012), and combined subgroups of concussion/closed head injury and upper body injury (OR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.31-0.80; P = .003). Game disqualification penalties per season were not significantly reduced following the rule change, occurring in 5.2% of games before the rule change and 4.4% of games after (OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.54-1.31; P = .440 ...
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Children are often admitted to emergency departments with blunt head trauma. The examinations for skull fracture and for traumatic brain injury often requi
Plaintiff wiper was carrying a bucket of scrap iron up a ladder in the engine room of the vessel when a blower fell from a higher deck and struck the wiper on top of the head. Plaintiff was diagnosed with chronic cervicalgia, psychological sequela and a mild closed head injury (concussion). Plaintiff settled for $900,000, but recovered over a million dollars total, including medical and maintenance payments.. $900,000. ...
While in college, I was exposed to neuropsychology through a personal experience, which helped to mark my career path. A family member suffered a blunt head trauma during a terrible car accident. After two weeks in a coma, he emerged to consciousness with a multitude of physical, cognitive, and interpersonal deficits. This experience presented an opportunity for me to become involved with his rehabilitation process and to become familiar with the treatment tools that facilitated his recovery.. Through this experience, I became aware of the critical need for bilingual psychologists in our fast-growing multicultural communities. Additionally, the treatment options that exist today call for psychologists well versed in diversity and multicultural competence. To advance my knowledge and to reduce health disparities in Hispanic populations, I pursued a masters degree in clinical psychology from Columbia University followed by a Psy.D. in Clinical Psychology from Philadelphia College of Osteopathic ...
The Cook County medical examiners office Monday ruled the death of a 3-year-old Steger boy who died from blunt head trauma as a homicide.Jamari Jones, who lived in the 400 block of Steger Road,
Effect of available strength factors on total joint work during descent (Wtot), change in potential energy during descent (ΔPE), vertical kinetic energy at impact (KEv), horizontal kinetic energy at impact (KEh), and rotational kinetic energy at impact (KErot). Conservation of energy dictates that ΔPE=Wtot+KEv+KEh+KErot. Declines in available strength factors cause an increase in KEv, by reducing Wtot and (for the three-link model) decreasing KEh. When compared to the one link model, ΔPE and KEv values are lower in simulations with the two-link and three-link models. This is due to hip flexion and impact of the trunk in a nearly vertical orientation ...
New Jerseys poorest zip codes have the highest rates of individuals with chronic diseases seeking care in emergency rooms, showing a strong link between the social determinants of health and poor outcomes, according to a new state report.. The team from the Center for Health Analytics, Research and Transformation (CHART) at the New Jersey Hospital Association (NJHA) also found a clear relationship between employment status, income and nutrition, and poor health status.. Chronic diseases are on the rise in New Jersey, the report said, and the prevalence of these conditions is straining healthcare delivery across the state. To better understand the impact of chronic conditions on care delivery in New Jersey, the CHART team examined patient record data from more than three million hospital ER visits in 2017.. The results showed that hospitals in New Jersey spend over $2 billion each year providing emergency care to patients who dont need to be admitted for more advanced treatment. Approximately ...
Head injury - Animation Youve fallen and hit your head. It hurts a little, but youre not bleeding and you feel okay. Do you have a head injury, or are you fine? Knowing how to tell a minor head injury from a serious one could literally save your life. Lets talk about head injuries. Millions of people get head injuries every year. They get into car accidents or fights, they fall, or they get hit in the head while playing sports or working on the job. Most head injuries are minor, because your head comes equipped with its own natural hard hat, a protective skull that surrounds and protects your brain. But sometimes that protection isnt enough. More than a half-million people each year get head injuries severe enough to send them to the hospital. The most common type of head injury is a concussion. Thats when a hit in the head makes your brain jiggle around in your skull. You can also get a bruise on your brain, called a contusion. Brain contusions are a lot more serious than bruises from a ...
Head injury - Animation Youve fallen and hit your head. It hurts a little, but youre not bleeding and you feel okay. Do you have a head injury, or are you fine? Knowing how to tell a minor head injury from a serious one could literally save your life. Lets talk about head injuries. Millions of people get head injuries every year. They get into car accidents or fights, they fall, or they get hit in the head while playing sports or working on the job. Most head injuries are minor, because your head comes equipped with its own natural hard hat, a protective skull that surrounds and protects your brain. But sometimes that protection isnt enough. More than a half-million people each year get head injuries severe enough to send them to the hospital. The most common type of head injury is a concussion. Thats when a hit in the head makes your brain jiggle around in your skull. You can also get a bruise on your brain, called a contusion. Brain contusions are a lot more serious than bruises from a ...
While smartphones and other digital assistants have been found to help people with mild memory impairment, their use by those with greater impairment has been less successful. However, a training program developed at the Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care has been using the power of implicit memory to help impaired individuals master new skills.. The study involved 10 outpatients, aged 18 to 55 (average age 44), who had moderate-to-severe memory impairment, the result of non-neurodegenerative conditions including ruptured aneurysm, stroke, tumor, epilepsy, closed-head injury, or anoxia after a heart attack. They all reported difficulty in day-to-day functioning.. Participants were trained in the basic functions of either a smartphone or another personal digital assistant (PDA) device, using an errorless training method that tapped into their preserved implicit /procedural memory. In this method, cues are progressively faded in such a way as to ensure there is enough information to prompt the ...
While smartphones and other digital assistants have been found to help people with mild memory impairment, their use by those with greater impairment has been less successful. However, a training program developed at the Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care has been using the power of implicit memory to help impaired individuals master new skills.. The study involved 10 outpatients, aged 18 to 55 (average age 44), who had moderate-to-severe memory impairment, the result of non-neurodegenerative conditions including ruptured aneurysm, stroke, tumor, epilepsy, closed-head injury, or anoxia after a heart attack. They all reported difficulty in day-to-day functioning.. Participants were trained in the basic functions of either a smartphone or another personal digital assistant (PDA) device, using an errorless training method that tapped into their preserved implicit /procedural memory. In this method, cues are progressively faded in such a way as to ensure there is enough information to prompt the ...
Clinical characteristics can reliably identify patients who are unlikely to have intracranial injuries and who do not require CT imaging.
A traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects educational performance. The term applies to mild, moderate, or severe, open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas such as cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem-solving, sensory, perceptual and motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, information processing, or speech. The term includes anoxia due to trauma. The term does not include brain injuries that are congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. ...
A closed head injury due to a direct blow to the head or deceleration of the head from an impulsive force, resulting in a transient change in mental status. Most common causes are motor vehicle accidents, sports, assaults, and falls. Diagnosing concussion (mild traumatic brain injury) is difficul...
Ernest Mickens and his wife, Latonja, were energetic and athletic. Each week they ran several miles together, the family dog running alongside them. January 2010, while attempting to trim a tree, Ernest fell 30 feet to the ground and was critically injured. The fall resulted in a closed head injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, skull fractures, broken ribs, serious bruising, bleeding and damage to his lungs. After two weeks in ICU, his life had been spared and he was transferred to Select Specialty Hospital-Tallahassee with a tracheostomy and a feeding tube. Although he had begun to show some progress by following simple commands, he was still in critical condition with multiple wounds and fractures yet to heal and a drug resistant staph infection (MRSA). Within three weeks of his admission, he was awake, talking, writing his name, breathing on his own and improving rapidly. March 11, 2010, Ernest discharged to a rehab facility, getting around with some assistance and eating a regular diet. Life is ...
Continuing Education:. Nursing:. Impediments to Healing. Topical Wound Care. Pressure Injuries. Closed Head Injuries. Cardiovascular Health and Heart Sounds. Diabetes Essentials for Nurses. Hepatitis C: The Silent Killer. Pain Management. Basic Trauma Nursing. Initial Assessment of the Newborn. Holistic and Complimentary Therapies. ECG Interpretation. Managing Wounds With Edema. Assessment of Pain in Special Populations. Human Trafficking: Identification, Intervention and Prevention. Homeopathy:. Banerji Protocols. Feminopathy Banerji Protocols/Calabrese. Allergies Banerji Protocols/Calabrese. Lyme Symposium. Homeopathy and Human Microbiome: The Key to Lyme and other Chronic Diseases. Nutrition: Essential For Wellness. Bacteria Vaginosis and Leucorrhea. Mononucleosis, More Than a Sore Throat. Back Pain and Sciatica. Pathology and Disease. Mastering Case Analysis and Follow Up. Mental and Emotional Disorders. Endocrine Overview and Repair. Acutes, Part 1 & 2. Cervical Dysplasia and ...
fragment of ACTH, Pro8-Gly9-Pro10 ACTH(4-10) and is a neuroactive peptide with unique neuroregulatory properties.. SEMAX® is a revolutionary addition to the arsenal of the Medical profession in combatting the disastrous effects of ischemic insults on the brain like the ones caused by Brain Stroke and closed head injuries.. SEMAX® administration allows significant increases in salvaging neurons, reducing the size of infarcts and permanent damage.. SEMAX® aids recovery and restitution of mental and motoric capacities after ischemic insults, improving the patients quality of life after the insult.. SEMAX® also influences the intellectual capacities and memory as well as concentration of normal, healthy persons subjected to stressful working conditions, increasing their mental capacities and diminishing the index of workload.. SEMAX® IS A NEUROREGULATOR, NEUROMODULATOR AND NEUROPROTECTOR. SEMAX® IS A REVOLUTIONARY CEREBRAL REVITALISATOR. ...
A 38-year old man in a minimally conscious state (MCS) from a closed head injury experienced improvement following deep brain stimulation of the midline and
Pneumorrhachis (Intraspinal air or intraspinal pneumocele) is a rare association with closed head injury. Iatrogenic causes are well known and are often secondary to diag..
Ten years blindness caused traumatic optic neuropathy were overcome after two weeks treatment with therapeutic electrical stimulation
Paediatric head injury is common. Our numbers estimates an annual incidence of 3378 head injuries/100 000, which is similar to previously published figures.8 Past studies have shown a significant male predominance and almost half those presenting to A&E departments are less than 5 years old.2, 8, 9 Our population demonstrated similar age and sex demographics. Younger children may present more readily because of parental anxiety rather than them having a higher incidence of head injury. Studies from the United States tend to describe more severe head injuries reflecting issues of access to hospital care.1, 2 In Edinburgh most patients have relatively easy access to free health care and we subsequently see a wide spectrum of head injuries, including children who are possibly managed by primary care facilities elsewhere.. Vomiting occurred in 15.8% of our analysed population, an incidence similar to previously published figures of 10-17%.2, 4, 10 Studies that exclude the most minor injuries quote ...
Objective: To describe the impact of implementing clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for head injury in a trauma referral system in Songkla province, Thailand.. Methods: The CPG was developed by a local multidisciplinary team and implemented using multi-faceted methods. The outcome of patients with head injury from three community hospitals and a university hospital (Songklanagarind Hospital) was reported in terms of talk and deteriorate patients and a poor outcome for patients with severe head injury. Changes to clinical practice were observed where the guidelines were implemented.. Results: 1000 patients with head injury were enrolled from 1st August 2005 to 15th January 2006. The incidence of talk and deteriorate patients was 10.5% and a poor outcome was noted in 35.5% of patients with severe head injury, similar to the results of a previous study in Songklanagarind Hospital (p,0.05). Following implementation of the guidelines, 19.8% of patients underwent CT scanning with similar ...
COVID-19 was severe in patients with lung cancer (62% hospitalized, 25% died). Although severe, COVID-19 accounted for a minority of overall lung cancer-deaths during the pandemic (11% overall). Determinants of COVID-19 severity were largely patient-specific features, including smoking status and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Odds ratios for severe COVID-19 2.9, 95% CI 1.07-9.44 comparing the median [23.5 pack-years] to never and 3.87, 95% CI 1.35-9.68, respectively). Cancer-specific features, including prior thoracic surgery/radiation and recent systemic therapies did not impact severity. HLA supertypes were generally similar in mild or severe cases of COVID-19 compared to non-COVID-19 controls. Most patients recovered from COVID-19, including 25% patients initially requiring intubation. Among hospitalized patients, hydroxychloroquine did not improve COVID-19 outcomes.. ...
Brain trauma, or traumatic brain injury, is a term used to describe injuries that cause physical damage to the brain, or tears in associated nerve fibers. Treatments for brain trauma vary with the extent of damage present.The FactsThe seriousness of brain trauma varies with the location and extent of the injury, according to the Mayo Clinic. While milder injuries may cause nothing more than a headache or temporary confusion, severe injuries may lead to death.Mild TraumaThe Mayo Clinic reports treatments for mild brain trauma that include nonprescription pain medications and rest.Severe TraumaIn cases of more serious brain trauma, not much ...
Head Injury Help Page provides information about head injury, to add to the understanding about head injury and coma, to assist family and TBI survivors.
Status: Ongoing. The 1946 birth cohort consists of over 3000 individuals, all born in the UK in the same week in 1946, who have been studied over their life course. Detailed information on cognition and head injury is available for the cohort and this study looks to use this information to investigate whether people who reported having a head injury with loss of consciousness at some point in their life have lower cognitive function and accelerated cognitive decline at age 69.. This study will give researchers a unique opportunity to evaluate hypotheses regarding the relationships between head injury and brain health.. News and Links: ...
Find brain and head injury sites with advice, information and facts. Get emotional support or find head injury social groups and brain injury resources.
Question - Bled after hitting head. Head injury. What does it sound like?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Head injury, Ask a Neurologist
A head injury is an injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. This can range from a mild bump or bruise to a traumatic brain injury. Common head injuries include concussions, skull fractures, and scalp wounds. All head injuries should be treated seriously and assessed by a doctor. Get the facts about 6 major types.
Another name for Head Injury is Head Injury. The American Academy of Pediatrics has published guidelines regarding when athletes can return to sports ...
(2001) Mueller. Journal of Athletic Training. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of catastrophic head injuries in a variety of high school and college sports. DESIGN AND SETTING: Data on catastrophic head injuries were compiled in a national...
Objective : To describe the long-term outcome 5 years after injury of young adults who were 15 to 19 years old at the time of their head injuries. Design : A retrospective cohort. The health records of 62 consecutive eligible subjects were abstracted for baseline sociodemographic. health, and injury variables. A telephone interview was...
Question - Visible bump after a head injury on the back of head. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Loss of consciousness, Ask a Critical Care Specialist
Community head injury service (CHIS) providing specialist assessment, rehabilitation and family services for adults with acquired brain injury
Head injury can be defined as any alteration in mental or physical functioning related to a blow to the head. Loss of consciousness does not need to occur.
INTRODUCTION Head injury is including injury of scalp, skull and also the brain. Approximately statistic in Malaysia from year 2009 to 2010 that more than
The more common causes of head injury in children are falls, motor vehicle accidents-in which the child is either a passenger or a pedestrian-or a result of child abuse.
Last month, the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review floated the possibility that Ben Roethlisbergers history of head injuries could be influencing his recent behavior.  David Epstein of SI.
Head Injuries Claim Compensation Payouts Amounts - 25,000 successful No Win No Fee cases* you could claim more compensation payout than you think | TheYEC
British IndyCar driver Justin Wilson has died from a head injury suffered when a piece of debris struck him at Pocono Raceway in Pennsylvania. He was 37.
Mitch, 25, from Manchester, had to learn to walk, talk and eat again following a life changing head injury. He gets new ink to represent journey in tonights episode of E4s Tattoo Fixers: Extreme.
Definition of beaded lizard - a venomous lizard with a stout body, short limbs, a large blunt head, and scales that resemble beads, occurring from the south-wes
Fife, William P (1987). "Treatment of Acute Closed Head Injuries with Hyperbaric Oxygen". Presentation at the Texas College of ... closed head injury; Chronic Lyme disease. HyperTrak clinical documentation software, marketed by Intellicure, Inc., was started ...
The bullets were large and shot from a close distance. The most serious injuries were to her head. She had three bullets in the ... the commander fired two bullets at her head from close range. They added that the commander returned to her body again, put his ... submitted that their commander had knowingly shot the girl in the head at close range and then emptied his magazine of bullets ... Just a 13-year-old girl ... How do you spray a girl from close range? He was hot for a long time to take out terrorists and ...
The Head Injury Clinic was closed. The chief veterinarian was fired, the administration of animal facilities was consolidated, ... In 1983, members of the Animal Liberation Front broke into the Head Injury Clinical Research Laboratory in the School of ... Some fourteen heads of state or government have attended or graduated from Penn, including former president Donald J. Trump; ... Indeed, Penn first fielded a team in mid 1870s playing by rules much closer to the rugby union and Association Football code ...
... either an open head injury or closed head injury) and the amount of tissue destroyed. Closed injury head trauma symptoms ... Head trauma classifies as either open or closed head injury. In open head injury, the skull is punctured and the brain tissue ... Closed head injury is more common, the skull is not punctured because there is an impact of the brain against the skull that ... Open injury head trauma symptoms tend to be the experience of classic neuropsychological syndromes like aphasia, visual-spatial ...
Harvey S. Levin (1982). Neurobehavioral Consequences of Closed Head Injury. Oxford University Press. pp. 153-54. ISBN 978-0-19- ... closed head injury, in blind children, children with language impairments, as well as certain developing neurotypical children ...
The Head Injury Clinic was closed. The chief veterinarian was fired, the administration of animal facilities was consolidated, ... The experiments were conducted as part of a research project into head injuries such as is caused in vehicle accidents. Sixty ... A hydraulic device slams the baboon's head, intended to simulate whiplash. After one such injury is sustained, the helmet seems ... "Report of The Committee to Review The Head Injury Clinical Research Laboratory Of the School of Medicine" (PDF) (PDF). ...
"HIstory". Indian Head Injury Foundation website. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter ( ... In the following years they grew close and decided to be life companions. Together Rooks and Holkar brought life back to ... Richard Holkar joined the Indian Head Injury Foundation, founded in February 2007, by Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur, whose son ... Shivraj Singh had received a serious head injury due to an accident on the polo grounds in Jaipur in February 2005. Miss ...
1991). "The outcome of severe closed head injury". J Neurosurg. 75: 28-36.. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link). ... Choi, S; Narayan, R; Anderson, R; Ward, J (1988). "Enhanced specificity of prognosis in severe head injury". J Neurosurg. 69 (3 ... 1990). "Neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after severe head injury. Experience of the Traumatic Coma Data Bank". J Neurosurg. 73 ( ... 1999). "Brain stem blood flow, pupillary response, and outcome in patients with severe head injuries". Neurosurgery. 44 (5): ...
2003). "Therapeutic vaccination for closed head injury". Journal of Neurotrauma. 20 (6): 559-569. doi:10.1089/ ... Experiments conducted in animal models of spinal cord injury, brain injury, glaucoma, stroke, motor neuron degeneration, ... Immediately after an injury to the CNS, there is a local innate immune response. This response is mediated primarily by ... The experiment showed that after a partial crush injury of the optic nerve, rats injected with activated T cells which are ...
"Dysprosody after severe closed head injury: An acoustic analysis". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 64 (4): 482 ... It primarily results from neurological damage that can be caused by tumors, stroke, or severe head injury. There have been ... stroke and severe head injury. To better understand the causes of the condition, 25 cases of dysprosody diagnosed between 1907- ... After experiencing brain injury, some people may begin speaking in an accent not native to their country of origin, as ...
Khoshyomn S, Tranmer BI (May 2004). "Diagnosis and management of pediatric closed head injury". Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. ... Chapter 5, "Pathology of Brain Damage After Head Injury" Cooper P and Golfinos G. 2000. Head Injury, 4th Ed. Morgan Hill, New ... Often caused by a blow to the head, contusions commonly occur in coup or contre-coup injuries. In coup injuries, the brain is ... Contusion occurs in 20-30% of severe head injuries. A cerebral laceration is a similar injury except that, according to their ...
... which is now closed. In 2014, it contracted to a few brain and head injuries services. It was managed by North Bristol NHS ... A few services relating to brain and head injuries remained at the site after December 2014. The hospital, situated in the ... From April to December 2014, most of Frenchay Hospital was progressively closed, with the majority of services moving to a new ...
One fireman had a minor hand, or head, injury. Two goods trains crashed in 1943, with slight injuries to drivers and firemen. ... Floods and slips closed the line nearby on several occasions. In 2015 the wooden bridge over the Ongarue River was replaced in ...
LeBlanc CMA; Coombs, J. B.; Davis, R. (2000). "The management of minor closed head injury in children". Pediatrics. 106 (6): ... SIS is distinct from repetitive head injury syndrome, in which a person suffers a series of minor head injuries over time and ... Unlike SIS, repetitive head injury syndrome may still occur even when symptoms from prior injuries have completely resolved. ... The initial injury may be a concussion, or it may be another, more severe, type of head trauma, such as cerebral contusion. ...
Spiva died at Northside Hospital that day after sustaining head and chest injuries. His teammate Garth TenNapel was seriously ... Spiva and TenNapel had been close friends since going through knee rehabilitation together the previous year. "Andy Spiva". Pro ... He underwent surgery to repair torn ligaments a few days after sustaining the injury. On April 3, 1979, Spiva was driving in ... Spiva was the top middle linebacker on Atlanta's depth chart before suffering a preseason knee injury. ...
He was treated in intensive care for serious head injuries. In September 2020 it was reported that Zanardi was showing signs of ... In November 2020 Zanardi was transferred to a hospital in Padua which is closer to his home to continue his recovery. In ... After the injuries sustained from his 2001 racing accident Zanardi decided to return to sport, taking up handcycling. In 2007 ... "Alex Zanardi transferred to hospital closer to family home to continue recovery from handbike crash , Formula 1®". www.formula1 ...
DH, a learning disabilities instructor and husband, suffered a closed head injury. He did not show any normal signs of memory ... Focal retro grade amnesia following closed head injury: A case study and theoretical account, Neuropsychologia, 33(4) 509-523. ... Psychiatric aspects of head injury: Problem areas and suggested guidelines for research. Neurobehavioral Recovery from Head ... After a head injury, AB had to relearn personal information.[50] Many of AB's habits had also changed.[50] ...
Martin, J. P. (20 August 1955). "Signs of Obstruction of the Superior Longitudinal Sinus following Closed Head Injuries ( ... Martin, J. P. (27 November 1937). "Mental symptoms associated with head injury". Br Med J. 2 (4012): 1061-1064. doi:10.1136/bmj ...
"Impact of skull fracture on neuropsychological functioning following closed head injury". Brain Inj. 11: 191-6. doi:10.1080/ ... rock or getting kicked in the head. These types of fractures-which occur in 11% of severe head injuries-are comminuted ... A cranial burst skull fracture, usually occurring with severe injuries in infants less than 1 year of age, is a closed, ... Thus they are rare, occurring as the only fracture in only 4% of severe head injury patients. Basilar fractures have ...
"Event-related potential assessment of information processing after closed head injury". Psychophysiology. 40 (1): 45-59. doi: ... AD/HD Dementia Parkinson's disease Multiple sclerosis Head injuries Stroke Obsessive-compulsive disorder Schizophrenia ... Farwell, L.A.; Donchin, E. (December 1988). "Talking off the top of your head: toward a mental prosthesis utilizing event- ...
Ali suffers a head injury from being in a car accident. His personality changes with him becoming unpredictable, moody and ... The two began to grow close and Lucy moved in with Rachel, adopting a mother-daughter-like relationship. Lucy became best ... Lucy's father Glenn Rickman (Will Wallace) arrives, under the pretense of getting closer to his daughter. Lucy and Ali marry. ...
... was found dead with multiple head injuries; and Janet White, a teacher at Elms School, was strangled to death. Poirot learns a ... few interesting facts: Judith's daughter Miranda was Joyce's closest friend, and the pair shared secrets between them; Joyce ...
This caused a closed head injury with fractures of the skull base. 03:00 - Indylo did not move. According to forensics he died ... But if injuries are putting pressure on the brain, such behavior is possible. 00:30 - constable came back to the dormitory. He ... MP Yuriy Karmazin announced that he does not believe injuries of Indylo to be accidental. According to his experience in law ... enforcement such injuries can not be caused by the fall to the floor. Journalist Olena Bilozerska and human rights activist ...
The accident left him with a closed head injury to his brain. Whilst undergoing physical therapy to enable him to walk again, ...
He suffered massive head, neck, and chest injuries; when pulled from the water, he was unconscious and did not have a pulse. ... Chenoweth's death led Little to develop a closed cockpit for the next Miss Budweiser boat, and the enclosure became standard ...
Sousa was found near the tiger grotto with blunt-force injuries to his head and neck; many punctures and scratches to his head ... The zoo was closed until January 3, 2008. It was not immediately apparent how Tatiana had escaped, but police said that Tatiana ... The Dhaliwal brothers received deep bites and claw wounds on their heads, necks, arms, and hands. They left the hospital on ...
Abigail Kopf (14) suffered several injuries at Cracker Barrel, including a gunshot wound to the head. At the time of her ... shooting, she was accompanying victim Barbara Hawthorne, a close friend whom she called her grandmother. She was initially ... She survived her injuries. According to the woman, she was confronted by a man in a vehicle with a German Shepherd-type dog ... Our hearts and prayers are with the families of the victims of this devastating crime and those recovering from injuries. We ...
The risk of seizure(s) from a closed head injury is about 15%. In some cases, a patient who has suffered a head injury is given ... Overview of Head Injuries: Head Injuries Merck Manual Home Edition Diane Roberts Stoler (1998). Coping with Mild Traumatic ... A severe head injury, such as one suffered in a motor vehicle accident, fall, assault, or sports injury, can result in one or ... ISBN 978-0-89529-791-4. Donald W. Marion (1999). Traumatic Brain Injury. Thieme. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-86577-727-9. "Head Injury ...
After the battle, it was Stanley who placed the crown on the head of his stepson (Henry VII), who later made him Earl of Derby ... stable and close relationship with her third husband, who had died in 1471.[citation needed] ... Her son's birth may have done permanent physical injury to Margaret; despite two later marriages, she never had another child. ... Against the wall hangs the dosser of her canopy of estate, with the tester above her head (the Tudor rose at its centre) ...
Stanley suffered an injury that made him want to spend more time away from the city, and Benedict was not happy when the couple ... She developed a close friendship with Boas, who took on a role as a kind of father figure in her life - Benedict lovingly ... When Boas retired in 1937, most of his students considered Ruth Benedict to be the obvious choice for the head of the ... With Goldenweiser as her teacher, Ruth's love for anthropology steadily grew.[4] As close friend Margaret Mead explained, " ...
Kicking the head of a grounded opponent, unless an open guard has been called (as of 10 September 2005). ... Engaging in an unsportsmanlike conduct that causes an injury to an opponent. ... until these channels closed down.[4] Every Cage Rage event and bout is now archived as part of the UFC FIGHT PASS library. ... Kneeing the head of a grounded opponent, unless an open guard has been called (as of 10 September 2005). ...
"Punch injuries: insights into intentional closed fist injuries". The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 12 (1): 6-10. PMC ... Boxer's fracture of the 5th metacarpal head from punching a wall. Specialty. Emergency medicine, orthopedics. ... Hand and wrist injuries are reported to account for fifteen to twenty percent of emergency room injuries, and metacarpal ... Male intentional punch injuries are correlated predominantly with social deprivation, while female punch intentional injuries ...
1992). A Consumer's Guide to "Alternative Medicine": A Close Look at Homeopathy, Acupuncture, Faith-healing and Other ... "have occurred when faith healing was elected instead of medical care for serious injuries or illnesses".[78] A 2001 double- ... since they are all classified under the one heading of alternative medicine.[182] ... abolished its quackery committee and closed down its Department of Investigation.[81]:xxi[88] By the early to mid 1970s the ...
Chimpanzees are the closest to humans genetically, sharing more than 96% of their DNA code with humans, and their digestive ... Thus, a thrown hand axe would not usually have penetrated deeply enough to cause very serious injuries. Nevertheless, it could ... overall climate could be characterized as a continuous El Niño with trade winds in the south Pacific weakening or heading east ...
In a direct head-to-head comparison, clascoterone showed greater effectiveness than topical isotretinoin.[134][135][136] 5α- ... Pregnancy category refers to an evaluation of a substance's risk of injury to a fetus if used by the mother during pregnancy.[ ... Hair follicle anatomy demonstrating a healthy hair follicle (pictured left), a whitehead or closed comedo (middle picture), and ... GBD 2015 Disease Injury Incidence Prevalence Collaborators (October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, ...
Toilet-related injuries and deaths. *Toilet training. *Toilet Twinning. *Unisex public. *Vacuum truck ...
... and for a leg-behind-head sitting pose close to Akarna Dhanurasana, shooting bow pose. ... Sirsasana, alongside Sarvangasana and Padmasana, is one of the asanas most often reported as the cause of an injury.[16][17] ... "head technique"),[5] while the 18th century Joga Pradīpikā calls it Kapālī āsana, head posture; it is number 17 of the set of ... The name Salamba Shirshasana comes from the Sanskrit words सालम्ब Sālamba meaning "supported", शीर्ष, Śīrṣa meaning "head",[2] ...
Severe liver injury can result from hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD). Elevated levels of bilirubin, hepatomegaly and fluid ... donor who is not related and found to have very close degree of HLA matching). Unrelated donors may be found through a registry ... The injury of the mucosal lining of the mouth and throat is a common regimen-related toxicity following ablative HSCT regimens ... The bone marrow can be ablated (destroyed) with dose-levels that cause minimal injury to other tissues. In allogeneic ...
Its presence is reassuring in predicting an absence of metabolic acidemia and hypoxic injury to the fetus at the time it is ... Internal monitoring may be used when external monitoring of the fetal heart rate is inadequate, or closer surveillance is ... Early Decelerations are a result of increased vagal tone due to compression of the fetal head during contractions. Monitoring ... close monitoring or adjunctive methods: Lacking at least one characteristic of normality, but with no pathological features. ...
He would never face another general election contest nearly that close, and would be re-elected seven times.[16] ... A hit man from Maryland planned to shoot him in the head during the Columbus Day Parade, but the plot fell apart when Kucinich ... he sued a Capitol Hill cafeteria for damages after a 2008 incident in which he claimed to have suffered a severe injury when he ...
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (or physiatry) is concerned with functional improvement after injury, illness, or ... These occur in physician offices, clinics, nursing homes, schools, home visits, and other places close to patients. About 90% ... Head, eye, ear, nose, and throat (HEENT). *Cardiovascular (heart and blood vessels) ... Sports medicine deals with the treatment and prevention and rehabilitation of sports/exercise injuries such as muscle spasms, ...
"Cut Off the Head". Norberto Barba. Evan Katz & James Wong. April 18, 2011 (2011-04-18) (NBC). 3.85[71]. ... The episode closes with Martinez agreeing to trade Sophia for the antidote. ... sustained only minor injuries. Those who escaped ended up hiding among the regular populace. ... He demands to head back to the White House immediately and stop the ones who conspired against him, despite still feeling ...
Nicholas: A Closer Look at Christmas. Nelson Reference & Electronic.. [full citation needed] ... Iconographically, Nicholas is depicted as an elderly man with a short, full, white, fluffy beard and balding head. In ... revealing that the injury had been suffered ante mortem.[99][100] The broken nose appeared to conform with hagiographical ... Nicholas A Closer Look at Christmas", (Chapter 8), Nelson Reference & Electronic, 2005. ...
Earnhardt dies instantly of head injuries, ESPN.com *^ Transcript of NASCAR's report on Earnhardt crash, August 21, 2001; USA ... "They Touch, They Touch ... Craven Got Him!": The Closest Finish Ever (Fox) ... "Earnhardt dies instantly of head injuries". ESPN Classic. November 19, 2003. Retrieved February 18, 2020.. .mw-parser-output ... says he feels like a championship contender heading into Chase". article.wn.com. article.wn.com. Retrieved February 5, 2013.. ...
"Injury Blogs". schoolmatters.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2015.. ... This line serves New Lots, and is closest to Spring Creek.. *The L train at Broadway Junction , Atlantic Avenue, and Sutter ... Allie Sherman (1923-2015), National Football League player and head coach. *Jerry Stiller (1927-2020), comedian and actor ... Franklin K. Lane High School was at the extreme northeast corner of the neighborhood, north of Jamaica Avenue; it closed in ...
Injury and painEdit. Wearing high-heeled shoes is strongly associated with injury, including injury requiring hospital care. ... "The Early 20th Century Through World War II" Clothing and Fashion: American Fashion from Head to Toe, edited by Jose Blanco, ... International Standard Ballroom shoes for women are closed toed shoes with a 2 to 2.5 inch sturdy heel because steps are ... InjuriesEdit. Main article: Dance and health § Risks of dance. An analysis of the dance-related injuries in 113,084 adolescents ...
Very often, these girls lived in constant fear of injury or death, but the brothels were their sole means of survival.[262] ... The fall of Burma brought Bengal close to the war front; the war's impact fell more strongly on Bengal than elsewhere in India. ... male heads of peasant households abandoned weaker family members; landholders abandoned the various forms of patronage that ( ... were closest to the Burma war zone, and normally ran grain deficits in pre-famine times.[221] These districts also were subject ...
The extent of Hayden's injuries was described as polytrauma including a traumatic brain injury that resulted in severe cerebral ... Hayden did everything to close the gap, but Rossi managed to win the race with a 1.007 second lead over him.[38][39] At the new ... One lap later, he lost the front of his RCV heading onto the back straight and span out into retirement, much to the dismay of ... "Hayden injury to benefit Gibernau?". crash.net. August 30, 2004.. *^ "Hayden: Collarbone pretty solid". crash.net. September 15 ...
Head, Michael, S. J. (2016). "The Caspian Campaign, Part I: First Phase - 1918". Warship International. LIII (1): 69-81. ISSN ... Not including non-combat deaths/injuries or non-critical wounds, Ottoman battle casualties were as follows:[45] ... which closed on May 24, 1918. Two days later, Georgia withdrew from the federation and declared itself a separate republic, ... The head of the Armenian Church, along with the president of the Armenian National Council of Tiflis, Alexander Khatisyan, ...
These animals have very large heads, which can make up as much as 40% of their body mass, and much of the head is the mouth. ... Mass strandings have been triggered by sonar activity, resulting in injury or death.[104][105][106][107] ... Today, the closest living relatives of cetaceans are the hippopotamuses; these share a semi-aquatic ancestor that branched off ... Balaenids have heads that can make up 40% of their body mass to take in water. Toothed whales, on the other hand, have conical ...
They defined Reptilia as all amniotes closer to Lacerta agilis and Crocodylus niloticus than to Homo sapiens. This stem-based ... The nine-headed Lernaean Hydra that Hercules defeated and the three Gorgon sisters are children of Gaia, the earth. Medusa was ... Traumatic injuries on the other hand, form scars that will not allow new scales to form and disrupt the process of ecdysis.[94] ... After killing her, Perseus gave her head to Athena who fixed it to her shield called the Aegis. The Titans are depicted in art ...
In preschool children, oral injuries make up as much as 17% of all bodily injuries. The incidence of traumatic dental injuries ... This is due to the close proximity of the apex of a primary tooth to the permanent tooth underneath. The permanent dentition ... "Guidelines for the Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries: 3. Injuries in the Primary Dentition". Pediatric Dentistry. 39 (6 ... effectiveness of prevention of dental injuries is not complete, and injuries can still occur even when mouthguards are used as ...
Infants born with intersex conditions might undergo interventions at or close to birth.[45] This is controversial because of ... Considering the importance of genital sensitivity in helping transsexual individuals to avoid unnecessary harm or injuries to ... The head of Iran's main transsexual organization, Maryam Khatoon Molkara-who convinced Khomeini to issue the fatwa on ...
The white-headed capuchin sometimes engages in a practice known as "urine washing", in which the monkey rubs urine on its feet. ... Urination after injury. Occasionally, if a male's penis is damaged or removed, or a female's genitals/urinary tract is damaged ... Spinal cord injury. During spinal shock, the bladder is flaccid and unresponsive. It becomes overfilled, and urine dribbles ... Males will attempt to kill any intruders, and fights result in serious injury or death.[140] When male cheetahs urine-mark ...
During the close election Gorton promised to waive all future government rent on residential leaseholders in Canberra.[63] ... He suffered severe facial injuries in a crash landing on Bintan Island in 1942, and whilst being evacuated; his ship was ... Shakespeare Head Press.. *. Reid, Alan (1971). The Gorton Experiment. Shakespeare Head Press.. ... During late 1944 Gorton went to Heidelberg Hospital for surgery which could not fully repair his facial injuries; he was left ...
... produces a force that displaces the humeral head anteriorly and downwardly.[23] Vessel and nerve injuries during a shoulder ... Treatment for joint dislocation is usually by closed reduction, that is, skilled manipulation to return the bones to their ... "Injury. 41 (4): 329-334. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2009.08.007.. *^ Ringleb, Stacie I.; Dhakal, Ajaya; Anderson, Claude D.; Bawab, ... Many different knee injuries can happen. Three percent of knee injuries are acute traumatic patellar dislocations.[25] Because ...
Men of the 504th Regimental Demolition Platoon keep a close eye while a demolitions expert searches for hidden S-mines on the ... While approaching Herresbach, the regiment encountered an enemy battalion in a head-on engagement that surprised both elements ... with few injuries and no loss of life. They also conducted parachute training jumps out of Al Asad Airbase. ... As enemy tanks and infantry closed in, the outnumbered and outgunned A Company fought its way back to the river's edge. The ...
Bob Dylan's anti-war song "Blowin' in the Wind" twice alludes to metaphorical blindness: How many times can a man turn his head ... Eye injuries, most often occurring in people under 30, are the leading cause of monocular blindness (vision loss in one eye) ... Closed-circuit televisions, equipment that enlarges and contrasts textual items, are a more high-tech alternative to ... Injuries and cataracts affect the eye itself, while abnormalities such as optic nerve hypoplasia affect the nerve bundle that ...
Pneumonia following closed head injury.. Hsieh AH1, Bishop MJ, Kubilis PS, Newell DW, Pierson DJ. ... We studied the incidence of pneumonia in a group of patients with isolated closed head injury (CHI) in an effort to determine ... the pattern of the problem in the absence of other injuries and to determine whether the pattern of development of pneumonia in ...
... the incidence of closed head injury is estimated to be approximately 200 cases per 100,000 persons per year. In a population of ... encoded search term (Closed Head Injury) and Closed Head Injury What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases ... Head injury significantly contributes to deaths from trauma. [7] Annual mortality from closed head injuries is approximately ... Closed head injuries are classified as either primary or secondary. A primary injury results from the initial anatomical and ...
Closed head injuries are caused by a blow to the head or severe jerking motions of the head, neck or body. The most common ... Closed head injuries are caused by a blow to the head or severe jerking motions of the head, neck or body. The most common ... A closed head injury is trauma to the head that does not cause a break in the skull. Though the skull is intact, the brain and ... A closed head injury is trauma to the head that does not cause a break in the skull. Though the skull is intact, the brain and ...
... the incidence of closed head injury is estimated to be approximately 200 cases per 100,000 persons per year. In a population of ... encoded search term (Closed Head Injury) and Closed Head Injury What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases ... Epidemiology of head injury. Cooper PR, ed. Head Injury. 3rd ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1993. 1-25. ... Epidemiology of head injury. Cooper PR, ed. Head Injury. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1987. 1. ...
I was in a car accident sept 15 i have since last week been diagnosed with a close head injury. Normal MRI. My sypmptoms have ... The injury may be only a minor bump on the skull or a serious brain injury. Head injury can be either closed or open. Learning ... I was in a car accident sept 15 i have since last week been diagnosed with a close head injury. Normal MRI. My sypmptoms have ... A head injury is any trauma or concussion that injures the scalp, skull, or brain. ...
J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1999 Aug;14(4):337-50. Comparative Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt ... J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1999 Aug;14(4):337-50.. Postconcussive symptoms in children with mild closed head injuries.. Yeates KO1 ... in children with mild closed head injuries (CHI).. DESIGN: 26 Children with mild CHI and 8 of their uninjured siblings, from 8 ... suggesting that they existed prior to the injury. ... within 7 days of injury) and at 3 months postinjury. Parents ...
... Trauma , BrainAndSpinalCord.org - Legal help resource for patients with traumatic brain, head, and spinal ... Types of Brain Injury Aneurysm Anoxic Brain Injury Closed Head Injury Concussions Brain Contusions Diffuse Axonal Injury ... A closed head injury is different from an open head injury, in that no object actually penetrates the brain. Closed head ... Focal Brain Injuries Hematoma Infarction Intracranial Pressure Mild Brain Injury Moderate Brain Injury Open Head Injury ...
Closed-head injury is a type of traumatic brain injury in which the skull and dura mater remain intact. Closed-head injuries ... Common closed-head injuries include: concussion - a head injury resulting in temporary dysfunction of normal brain function. ... Common symptoms of a closed-head injury include: headache dizziness nausea vomiting slurred speech Severe head injuries can ... "signature injury" of Operation Iraqi Freedom Closed-head injuries can range from mild injuries to debilitating traumatic brain ...
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the relationship of closed head injury (CHI) severity, focal brain lesions, and the age at injury to ... Study of Neurobehavioral Outcome in Children or Adolescents With Closed Head Injuries. The safety and scientific validity of ... Patients are assigned to one of two study groups based on when the closed head injury (CHI) occurred. ... Study I: Closed head injury (CHI) that occurred at least 3 years ago ...
Closed head injury. Cognition. Cognitive ability. Follow-up studies. Intelligence. Neuropsychological assessment. ... Cattell 16 personality profiles of patients following closed-head injuries. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 90(1):25 --26. ... Cattell 16 personality profiles of patients following closed-head injuries https://www.upress.umn.edu/test-division/ ...
... will close Friday.The decision to close was made in mid-July, only three months after the local ... a rehabilitation facility for patients with serious head injuries, ... MOUNT DORA - Sandybrook Center of Rebound, a rehabilitation facility for patients with serious head injuries, will close Friday ... For the past five years, the center has worked with head-injury patients, Price said. Most of those patients are young people ...
If your loved one suffers from closed head injuries, call the experienced attorneys of The Oshman Firm today for a free ... Head injuries are classified as either open or closed head injuries. Closed head injuries are those in which a person suffers a ... Types of Closed Head Injuries. Concussion. A concussion is a closed head injury caused by a sudden blow or impact, which shakes ... Causes of Closed Head Injuries. In many cases, head injuries are very serious and result in significant brain damage, ...
The interplay between emotional and cognitive recovery after closed head injury. Brain Injury, 7(3):241 --246. ... Closed head injury. Cognitive ability. Cognitive deficits. D Scale. Depression. Depression Scale. Language. MMPI. MMPI T scores ... The interplay between emotional and cognitive recovery after closed head injury ...
A TBI lawyer building a severe brain injury practice would be wise to take whiplash cases to build his or her reputation within ... Whiplash is a controversial legal term that can and often does involve someone suffering a traumatic brain injury. ... For more information on the nature of the biomechanics that can cause a brain injury without a blow to the head, click here.. ... Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness:Closing Thoughts April 12, 2013. *Brain Injury Recovery Story: Miracle Kid by Zachary Gauvin ...
... fields to track structures such as those in the brain that can help diagnose a traumatic brain injury and severe head injury. ... Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness:Closing Thoughts April 12, 2013. *Brain Injury Recovery Story: Miracle Kid by Zachary Gauvin ... Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI After Brain Injury. Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI After Brain Injury ... Brain Injury Law Group. Attorney Gordon S. Johnson, Jr.. 212 Whitetail Run Ln.. Sheboygan, Wisconsin. 800-992-9447. Email Us ...
Homepage for brain injury survivors & caregivers with pictures, stories, poems, art gallery, message board, question of the ...
Homepage for brain injury survivors & caregivers with pictures, stories, poems, art gallery, message board, question of the ... OVERCOMING AN INJURY. Obtaining a bad injury. gives you horrible memories.. Also gives a reason to strive. because thankful to ... Injuries can be a reason for motivation,. leads to a rare inspiration.. Injuries can be overcome,. and thankful when done.. ... most injuries we can all survive.. Dale Epee_Guy Baxter. ...
800) 606-1717 Our Michigan brain injury lawyers help Michigan traumatic brain injury and closed head injury patients in their ... Traumatic Brain Injury & Closed Head Injury Symptoms. Symptoms commonly associated with a traumatic brain injury or closed head ... A traumatic brain injury, or closed head injury, results when there is either an actual blow to the head or a force that causes ... I suffered a mild traumatic brain injury in a Michigan car accident. Can I sue the negligent driver for my closed head injuries ...
Mild traumatic brain injury. C57BL/6J male mice (body weight 25-30. g) were subjected to a closed head injury as previously ... In order to characterize the outcome of mild brain injury, we studied C57BL/6J mice in a weight-drop, closed head injury model ... Although the currently used mild head injury model is based on a closed skull procedure, the resulting injury is strikingly ... produced by a closed head weight drop injury (Zohar et al., 2003; Milman et al., 2005; Tweedie et al., 2007). This injury model ...
... of supratentorial ventricular dilations and of corpus callosal atrophy at the subacute stage after a severe closed-head injury ... CHI). Thirty-three CHI patients underwent MRI 2 months or more after injury. Morphometric measures were c … ... MRI analysis of brain atrophy after severe closed-head injury: relation to clinical status Brain Inj. 2000 Jul;14(7):597-604. ... of supratentorial ventricular dilations and of corpus callosal atrophy at the subacute stage after a severe closed-head injury ...
Exploring New Methodologies for the Analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Following Closed-Head Injuries. ... Following Closed-Head Injuries. In: Schmorrow D.D., Fidopiastis C.M. (eds) Foundations of Augmented Cognition. Directing the ... will be focused on the application of these approaches to the modeling and rehabilitation following closed-head injury. ... in the Study of Learning and Memory after Traumatic Brain Injury. J. Head Trauma Rehabil. 16(2), 191-205 (2006)CrossRefGoogle ...
Have you or someone you know suffered a head trauma or closed head injury in New York City? Contact Orlow Law firm today to get ... A closed head injury involves trauma or damage to the brain. Typically, a closed head injury involves bruising of the brain ... In closed head injuries, the degree of recovery depends on a number of factors. If youve suffered a closed head injury, ... Causes of Closed Head Injuries. The law office of The Orlow Firm represents people suffering from closed head injuries ...
A Peptide Derived from Activity-Dependent Neuroprotective Protein (ADNP) Ameliorates Injury Response in Closed Head Injury in ... A Peptide Derived from Activity-Dependent Neuroprotective Protein (ADNP) Ameliorates Injury Response in Closed Head Injury in ... A Peptide Derived from Activity-Dependent Neuroprotective Protein (ADNP) Ameliorates Injury Response in Closed Head Injury in ... A Peptide Derived from Activity-Dependent Neuroprotective Protein (ADNP) Ameliorates Injury Response in Closed Head Injury in ...
1. Audiologic and cognitive long-term sequelae from closed head injury. Open this publication in new window or tab ,,Audiologic ... Long-term sequelae of closed head injury: disability, handicap & quality of life. Bergemalm, Per-Olof Örebro University, ... History of medicine, Closed head injury, CHI, sensorineural hearing loss, SNHL, cognition, TIPS, tinnitus, vertigo, memory, ... Previous studies have shown that peripheral hearing impairment (HI) is a common sequel of closed head injury (CHI), but in most ...
My life is one big question mark, ever since I sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (or closed head injury or concussion, ... This is the last part of a three-part series on the hypothalamus and brain injury or closed head injury. ... And just how many people with brain injuries, especially closed head injury, suffer from these metabolic, anger, mood, and ... A closed head injury somehow alters the functioning of the hypothalamus. The question is, is the body responding normally and ...
... areas/north-carolina-traumatic-brain-injury-attorneys-nc-brain-injury-lawyers.cfm. Rick Shaprio, a North Carolina ( ... North Carolina Brain Injury Lawyer Discusses Closed Head Injury/Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injuries. https://www. ... about some of the similarities and differences between a closed head injury/concussion injury and a traumatic brain injury (a.k ... TBI). Rick explains that closed head injuries or concussions can have the similar side effects as a traumatic brain injury and ...
Closed Head Injury With Resulting Brain Injury,Medical Illustration database of the best portfolios and stock images now ... Whiplash - Closed Head Injury with Resulting Brain Injury. Graphic depiction of closed head injury (coup-contra-coup) resulti ... Graphically depicts a closed head injury with a side-to-side whiplash motion. Begins with the head in normal position. Labele ... Accurate depiction of a closed head injury with a front to back whiplash motion. Shows head and brain in normal position with ...
A Longitudinal Study of Closed Head Injury: Neuropsychological Outcome and Structural Analysis using Region of Interest ... Cognitive and behavioural deficiencies have also been well documented in head injury. Aims: The aim of this research project ... Method: Forty-seven patients with head injury (ranging from mild to severe) had undergone a battery of neuropsychological tests ... Although the majority of patients had suffered mild head injury, cognitive and neurobehavioural deficits were evidenced by a ...
Contact a skilled San Diego head trauma attorney at the Jurewitz Law Group today at (619) 233-5020. Free consultation. ... San Diego Closed Head Injury Attorneys. Get the Help You Need After a Closed Head Injury. A closed head injury is one in which ... Common Closed Head Injuries Covered Under Personal Injury Claims. Most traumatic brain injuries are closed head injuries and so ... If you or a loved one has suffered a closed head injury under such circumstances‚ the knowledgeable personal injury legal team ...
Contact a Westwood attorney handling brain injury cases at the Law Office of Philip L. Arnel in Westwood, Massachusetts, at 781 ... Closed Head Injuries. Even if there are no visible head injuries, a victim of a car accident may be suffering from a concussion ... Contact a Westwood Brain and Head Injury Today. To learn more about your rights following a brain injury and car accident, ... Doctors know what types of symptoms may appear after a closed head injury. ...
  • Concussion is also known as mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). (medscape.com)
  • The GCS score is often used to categorize the severity of head injury into mild (15-13), moderate (12-9), or severe (8 or less). (medscape.com)
  • In general, mild head injury does not usually involve significant primary brain injury, is not associated with neurological deficits, and may or may not include loss of consciousness. (medscape.com)
  • Approximately 75% of head injuries are categorized as mild to moderate in nature. (medscape.com)
  • Postconcussive symptoms in children with mild closed head injuries. (nih.gov)
  • To examine the incidence and neuropsychological, behavioral, and neuroimaging correlates of postconcussive symptoms (PCS) in children with mild closed head injuries (CHI). (nih.gov)
  • 26 Children with mild CHI and 8 of their uninjured siblings, from 8 to 15 years old, were recruited prospectively and assessed at baseline (ie, within 7 days of injury) and at 3 months postinjury. (nih.gov)
  • Closed head injuries can range from mild to severe. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Symptoms of severe closed head injury usually present themselves immediately, while symptoms of mild head injury can show up days or even weeks after an injury. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Overall, closed-head injuries and other forms of mild traumatic brain injury account for about 75% of the estimated 1.7 million brain injuries that occur annually in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiple mild traumatic brain injuries sustained over a short period of time (hours to weeks), often seen with sports-related injuries, can result in major neurological or cognitive deficits or fatality. (wikipedia.org)
  • with fifteen being the most mild injury, less than eight being a severe brain injury, and three being a vegetative state. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to characterize the outcome of mild brain injury, we studied C57BL/6J mice in a weight-drop, closed head injury model. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In conclusion, mild TBI chiefly activates transcripts leading to tissue signaling, inflammatory processes, and chemokine signaling, as in focal brain injury, suggesting putative targets for drug development. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 2005 ). The current study presents data on gene transcripts regulated in response to brain injury in a mouse model of a mild TBI (mTBI), produced by a closed head weight drop injury (Zohar et al. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Depending on the severity of the injury involved, neurological trauma or damage can range from mild symptoms of temporary dizziness and confusion to long-term cognitive impairment and memory loss. (orlowlaw.com)
  • Rick explains that closed head injuries or concussions can have the similar side effects as a traumatic brain injury and can even be categorized as a mild traumatic brain injury. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • Method: Forty-seven patients with head injury (ranging from mild to severe) had undergone a battery of neuropsychological tests and an MRI scan at 1 and 6 months post injury. (stir.ac.uk)
  • Although the majority of patients had suffered mild head injury, cognitive and neurobehavioural deficits were evidenced by a substantial number of patients reporting increased anxiety and depression levels. (stir.ac.uk)
  • If a brain injury has resulted in damages‚ whether mild or severe‚ you have the right to pursue financial compensation by way of a personal injury claim (if the injury was the result of negligence or recklessness). (jurewitz.com)
  • While some people may only suffer a mild concussion and fully recover, others may endure a traumatic brain injury with permanent damage. (arnellaw.com)
  • Staining of amyloid precursor protein to study axonal damage in mild head injury. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Long term psychosocial outcomes after mild head injury in early childhood. (springer.com)
  • It is classified as a mild traumatic brain injury, and it is also one of the most common injuries. (ipl.org)
  • Even a mild blow to the head can result in many consequences. (ipl.org)
  • Even a mild impact to the head can cause serious, long-term damage. (consumerdangers.com)
  • It's important to speak to a doctor about your symptoms following a head injury, no matter how mild they might seem. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Closed Head Injury: Sifting through the Quagmire of Concussions/Mild TBI Alina K. Fong, Ph. (present5.com)
  • The symptoms of a serious closed head injury usually show up immediately, while symptoms of a mild case of closed head injury may take several days to weeks before they become apparent. (torklaw.com)
  • It is extremely important to consult a knowledgeable and experienced personal injury lawyer if you suspect that an accident has caused some form of closed head injury, even if the injury is mild. (thelawrencelawfirm.com)
  • Brain injuries have many different causes and can range in severity from "mild" i.e. a temporary change in mental status, to "severe", involving an extended period of unconsciousness that causes long-term problems. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • These injuries ranged from mild concussion , with or without loss of consciousness, to moderate/severe traumatic brain injury . (medscape.com)
  • These could include concussion-type injuries, where the brain is shaken inside the skull, which can be mild or severe, and bruise the brain. (smh.com.au)
  • A substantial number of children and adolescents sustain a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) each year. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) in youth are a major public health issue. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Further on we will examine if there were differing clinical characteristics between patients who attended a planned follow-up session and those that failed to and Prognostic factors in mild traumatic brain injury patients after discharge from hospital. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 2 months after an acute mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) defined as Glasgow Coma Scale between 13 and 15. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A concussion is a form of a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). (wikipedia.org)
  • Head injuries can be mild, like a bump on the head, or more serious, like a concussion. (kidshealth.org)
  • A concussion is a type of mild traumatic brain injury. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most children with a mild brain injury don't need medical tests. (kidshealth.org)
  • However, many people with mild TBI remain conscious after the injury. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This type of injury is often minor but can lead to a traumatic brain injury which can cause a range of symptoms. (denverhealth.org)
  • Symptoms can appear right away, or in the days and weeks following the injury. (denverhealth.org)
  • If you have been evaluated for a closed head injury and your symptoms are getting worse, get medical help right away. (denverhealth.org)
  • You will be asked about your symptoms and how the injury occurred. (denverhealth.org)
  • Treatment will depend on the location and severity of the injury and specific symptoms. (denverhealth.org)
  • If symptoms of a head injury are seen after an accident, medical care is necessary to diagnose and treat the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the brain swelling that produces these symptoms is often a slow process, these symptoms may not surface for days to weeks after the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common symptoms of a closed-head injury include: headache dizziness nausea vomiting slurred speech Severe head injuries can lead to permanent vegetative states or death, therefore being able to recognize symptoms and get medical attention is very important. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of a severe closed-head injury include: coma or vegetative states seizures or convulsions loss of consciousness Secondary symptoms are symptoms that surface during rehabilitation from the injury including social competence issues, depression, personality changes, cognitive disabilities, anxiety, and changes in sensory perception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who have suffered head injuries also show higher levels of unemployment, which can lead to the development of secondary symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The symptoms of concussion can last anywhere from hours to even months, depending on the severity of the head injury. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • 2007 ). This injury model in mice is based on an anteriolateral impact to the region between the right ear and the corner of the eye, and results in an injury without any damage to skull, scalp, or dura but with widespread and diffuse symptoms. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Doctors know what types of symptoms may appear after a closed head injury. (arnellaw.com)
  • Unfortunately, these two chemicals can mask symptoms of serious injuries including blocking pain. (ipl.org)
  • As the levels of adrenaline and endorphins decrease, you are able to experience fully the pain and symptoms of injuries . (ipl.org)
  • These symptoms do not seem very convincing to be dangerous to someone's life but the long term effects of a head injury can be severe and life threatening, and life altering. (ipl.org)
  • A professional medical evaluation is always recommended following a head injury, even if symptoms do not seem severe. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Symptoms of head injuries are often seen after the accident and applying medical care is necessary. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • These are symptoms that can surface during the phase of rehabilitation after the injury. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • The following symptoms are common after a closed head injury. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • The long term symptoms vary from person to person and the severity of the head injury. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • This parameter provides recommendations for the management of a previously neurologically healthy child with a minor closed head injury who, at the time of injury, may have experienced temporary loss of consciousness, experienced an impact seizure, vomited, or experienced other signs and symptoms. (wichita.edu)
  • Now, with a better understanding of the seriousness of head injuries , you can appreciate why it is so important to be checked out, have tests run, and be treated as soon as you begin experiencing pain, discomfort, or any of the other symptoms outlined above. (cordiscosaile.com)
  • Are symptoms always present after a closed head injury? (reference.com)
  • Advice from our brain injury lawyers on symptoms and types of closed head injuries, such as concussions, contusions, hematomas and hemorrhages. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • Record and share information about the injury , such as how it happened and the athlete's symptoms, to help a health care provider assess the athlete. (cdc.gov)
  • Not have any symptoms from the injury when doing normal activities. (cdc.gov)
  • The exact nature of the symptoms can be wide ranging, and depends on the type and severity of injury. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • While the symptoms of brain injury can appear immediately, this is not always the case, and they might not be apparent for days, or even weeks, after an accident. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • A person with a moderate head injury is likely to suffer from a number of residual symptoms. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • The symptoms can vary and can include similar problems to those of a minor head injury, although not exclusively, and the person may experience more behavioural difficulties and aggressive warning signs. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • The symptoms will last for a longer period of time and will be more significant than from a minor head injury. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • Risk factors associated with head injury included smoking, fair to poor health, sleep disorders, heavy alcohol consumption, a history of stroke, and depressive symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • Although sleep problems are often endorsed acutely after the injury, true sleep disturbance likely has a slightly delayed onset compared to physical symptoms (e.g., headaches, dizziness). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • While these symptoms happen immediately after a head injury occurs, many problems can develop later in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of a Head Injury? (kidshealth.org)
  • What are the symptoms of traumatic brain injury (TBI)? (medlineplus.gov)
  • The symptoms of TBI depend on the type of injury and how serious the brain damage is. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The psychoneurotic-type symptomatology which is common in these patients has, by most authors, been attributed to psychological causes, and little consideration has been given to the fact that these apparent psychoneurotic symptoms might be organically determined and due to injury to the brain. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Closed head injuries are caused by a blow to the head or severe jerking motions of the head, neck or body. (denverhealth.org)
  • A closed head injury is a trauma in which the brain is injured as a result of a blow to the head, or a sudden, violent motion that causes the brain to knock against the skull. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Closed head injuries are those in which a person suffers a traumatic blow to the head that does not result in penetration of the skull. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • A concussion is a closed head injury caused by a sudden blow or impact, which shakes the brain within the skull and temporarily interrupts the brain's normal functioning. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • This page at one time included a paper I wrote in 1997 for a presentation to the Southern Trial Lawyers convention about why I liked the word whiplash, to illustrate the way in which a brain could get injured without a blow to the head. (tbilaw.com)
  • A traumatic brain injury, or closed head injury, results when there is either an actual blow to the head or a force that causes an acceleration-deceleration movement of the head. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • This is little consolation to someone who has just suffered a closed head injury‚ however‚ as the brain can be just as severely damaged by a blow to the head‚ even if the skull is undamaged. (jurewitz.com)
  • A pediatric traumatic brain injury is defined as a traumatic insult or blow to the head, occurring in childhood, which is sufficient to cause an altered state of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • The brain injury can be the result of a sharp blow or other traumatic injury which rapidly decelerates motion in one direction for the body. (williammcbride.com)
  • It is caused by either a physical blow to the head or being forcefully shaken. (ipl.org)
  • A concussion occurs when the head sustains a hard blow and the impact jars or shakes the brain inside the skull, intruding on the cerebrum normal activities. (ipl.org)
  • A closed brain injury can come from a sharp blow in the head that shakes and traumatize the brain. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • A closed head injury is a blow or other traumatic injury to the head, that does not break or penetrate the skull or expose the dura mater or the brain. (torklaw.com)
  • If you have suffered any injury or blow to the head, you should receive careful medical attention with frequent follow-up visits so your doctor can monitor you for signs of traumatic brain injury (TBI). (thelawrencelawfirm.com)
  • A concussion occurs from a sudden blow to the head, which causes the brain to collide with the inside of the skull and harms the brain's delicate tissue. (vicalexander.com)
  • It is imperative that you always seek medical attention after any blow to the head, no matter how minor it may first appear. (vicalexander.com)
  • Brain injury occurs when a blow or trauma to the head causes significant brain damage. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • This injury is a result due to a blow to the head that could make the person's physical, cognitive, and emotional behaviors irregular. (wikipedia.org)
  • But a horrific blow to the head a few years ago changed that, altering his brain so that he now performs and composes as a musical genius and is recording his second album. (zdnet.com)
  • It happens when a blow to the head or another injury moves the head back and forth with a lot of force. (kidshealth.org)
  • A contusion (bruise) happens when a blow to the head injures the skin and the soft tissue under it. (kidshealth.org)
  • It may happen when there is a blow, bump, or jolt to the head. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Common causes of closed head injury include automobile accidents, assault, falls, work-related accidents, and sports-related accidents. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • Closed-head injuries are caused primarily by vehicular accidents, falls, acts of violence, and sports injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • diffuse axonal injury - These injuries are frequently seen in car accidents and cause permanent damage to the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of head injuries. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • In 70 percent of all motor vehicle accidents, a person suffers a head injury. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • Other leading causes of head injury include falls , sports injuries , physical violence , recreation-related accidents , and workplace accidents . (oshmanlaw.com)
  • Closed head injuries can occur from a number of possible causes, including automobile accidents , slip and fall accidents, motorcycle accidents, heavy machinery accidents, and other types of accidents. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • Our news stories about accidents, events, injuries, and lawsuits are researched and published by our team of experienced personal injury attorneys and could help you learn more about your personal injury case. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • Injury accidents are often caused by the recklessness or negligence of others and under these circumstances‚ an injured victim has the right to hold the at-fault party responsible for their losses. (jurewitz.com)
  • They are also the most common cause of ongoing disability and mental impairment in people under the age of nineteen, with an estimated 173,285 children injured annually in sports and recreation related accidents involving head trauma. (williammcbride.com)
  • A common type of soft tissue injury that occurs in slip and fall accidents and car crashes is whiplash. (ipl.org)
  • The majority of closed head injuries are caused by traffic accidents, but a number of cases are related to sports injuries. (consumerdangers.com)
  • This type of head injury can be caused by falls, sports, vehicular accidents, and acts of violence. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • A closed head injury is any injury to the head that does not penetrate the skull , explains Bucks County personal injury lawyer, Michael L. Saile, Jr. Auto accidents are frequent causes of a variety of head injuries, so it is important to seek medical attention immediately after a car crash. (cordiscosaile.com)
  • Read here for information on various common injuries arising from car accidents, including leg injuries, shoulder injuries, fractures, TMJ and chronic pain. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • Road traffic accidents are a common cause of this type of injury, but there are many possible causes, including falls, acts of violence, and accidents at home or at work . (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • Dr Cross said these types of injuries were usually seen in car and motorbike accidents, or sometimes after alcohol-fuelled violence. (smh.com.au)
  • [1] Because head injuries cover such a broad scope of injuries, there are many causes-including accidents, falls, physical assault, or traffic accidents-that can cause head injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some accidents such as explosions, natural disasters, or other extreme events can cause both closed and penetrating TBI in the same person. (medlineplus.gov)
  • More evidence shows that every head-on collision, even the myriad small ones a player has over the course of a career, are tantamount to banging one's head on the windshield in automobile accidents and might cumulatively be doing irreversible damage, causing a condition that has come to be called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). (chron.com)
  • Closed head injuries can also occur with severe shaking, as with whiplash and shaken baby syndrome. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury (DIA) is an example of closed head injury resulting from sudden twisting or torquing of the brain (i.e. whiplash), which leads to nerve injury in the white matter of the brain. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • Whiplash - Closed Head Injury with Resulting Brain Injury. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • Dramatically depicts the mechanism of a closed head injury with a side-to-side whiplash motion. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • Accurate depiction of a closed head injury with a front to back whiplash motion. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • Whiplash - Coup and Contracoup Closed Head Injury. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • Whiplash - Traumatic Closed Head Injury May be customized by editing labels, or by combining artwork with graphics from our 1. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • This medical illustration series depicts a closed head injury with a front to back whiplash motion. (nucleusmedicalmedia.com)
  • This full color medical illustration depicts a lateral view of the brain with injury to the occipital lobe of the brain after it has suffered whiplash. (nucleusmedicalmedia.com)
  • Learn about various neck injuries, which must be diagnosed and treated quickly, such as spinal cord injury, whiplash, neck sprains/strains, herniated disc and bulging disc in the neck from our attorneys. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • The incidence of whiplash injuries is increasing with the increased automobile travel of our society. (jamanetwork.com)
  • The usual history of patients suffering from whiplash injury is that they were involved in an automobile accident, the majority being struck from behind and having the head and neck subjected to hyperextension-flexion movement. (jamanetwork.com)
  • As technology continues to advance and scientists begin to understand more about the long term effects of sports injuries, one increasingly frightening topic for athletes at all levels--high school, collegiate, and professional--is the concussion. (ipl.org)
  • The president of the Australasian College of Emergency Medicine, Anthony Cross, said the hardness of cricket balls make them a common cause of sports injuries at hospital emergency departments - but most injuries are not as serious as that apparently suffered by Hughes because of the full helmets worn during the game. (smh.com.au)
  • Cerebral concussion is defined as an altered mental state that may or may not include loss of consciousness that occurs as a result of head trauma. (medscape.com)
  • A moderate head injury is generally defined as loss of consciousness for between 15 minutes and 6 hours, or a period of post-traumatic amnesia of up to 24 hours. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • Severe brain injury (BI) results in loss of consciousness for a period of time greater than 24 hours. (hindawi.com)
  • Closed-head injuries are the leading cause of death in children under 4 years old and the most common cause of physical disability and cognitive impairment in young people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain injuries such as closed-head injuries may result in lifelong physical, cognitive, or psychological impairment and, thus, are of utmost concern with regards to public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because many brain injury victims 'look normal' to the average person despite having significant cognitive deficits, there are common myths that must be overcome to prove the serious nature of the injury. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • Cognitive and behavioural deficiencies have also been well documented in head injury. (stir.ac.uk)
  • The patients completed neuropsychological assessment at 1 and 6 months post injury and data obtained was analysed with respect to each assessment and with structural data to determine cognitive decline and correlation with neuroanatomy. (stir.ac.uk)
  • Discussion of developmental plasticity: Factors affecting cognitive outcome after pediatric traumatic brain injury. (springer.com)
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of long-term neurological disability, yet the mechanisms underlying the chronic cognitive deficits associated with TBI remain unknown. (pnas.org)
  • Treatment with ISRIB, a potent drug-like small-molecule inhibitor of the ISR, reversed the hippocampal-dependent cognitive deficits induced by TBI in two different injury mouse models-focal contusion and diffuse concussive injury. (pnas.org)
  • Surprisingly, ISRIB corrected TBI-induced memory deficits when administered weeks after the initial injury and maintained cognitive improvement after treatment was terminated. (pnas.org)
  • As such, pharmacological inhibition of the ISR emerges as a promising avenue to combat head trauma-induced chronic cognitive deficits. (pnas.org)
  • It's also quite common for closed head injuries to cause permanent damage and affect a person's physical and cognitive functioning. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Brain injuries can result in a combination of physical, cognitive, and emotional issues. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Cognitive impairments tend to be a sign of a more serious head injury. (consumerdangers.com)
  • It might be necessary for someone who has experienced a head injury to participate in therapy to relearn cognitive skills that were present prior to the injury. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Emotional challenges can be a direct result of the injury, or they can be secondary and arise because a person is frustrated or angry over cognitive or physical changes caused by the injury. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Long-term treatment is common for people with injuries, and might include a combination of physical, cognitive, and behavioral therapy, as well as emotional support to help a person adjust to his or her new life. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Brain injuries such as a closed head injury can end up having a lifelong physical, psychological, and cognitive impairment. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • Encapsulates all forms of brain injury §Concussion database (+1, 000 tests administered and collected data) §Diagnostic accuracy for concussion over 98% §Used to target treatment on specific cognitive areas, speeding up return to play §Recovery can be objectively measured §Unlimited applications: ADD, MS, Medication Effects, Alzheimer's, "Chemo Brain, " etc. (present5.com)
  • Victims of open head injuries generally need more extensive treatment and longer rehabilitation to regain neurological functions and cognitive reasoning abilities. (vicalexander.com)
  • He suffered numerous injuries but the most severe was a brachial plexus (loss of use of right arm) and a brain injury (several difficulties in cognitive functioning are consistent with brain trauma). (schwebel.com)
  • Nursery product safety is a critical yet challenging issue in injury prevention, complicated by the rapid anatomic, motor, and cognitive development of young children as well as injury profiles unique to specific products based on their design and use. (aappublications.org)
  • ATLANTA - A history of head injury is common in the United States and is associated with steeper long-term cognitive decline and a greater risk for dementia over the following 20 years than not having a head injury, new research suggests. (medscape.com)
  • Although head injury is known to be associated with short-term cognitive impairment and incident dementia, research on the longer-term cognitive effects has been lacking. (medscape.com)
  • After adjusting for factors such as age, sex, race, hypertension , and stroke , results showed that decreases in cognitive decline were observed in both the participants who had had head injuries and those who had not. (medscape.com)
  • Lacerations are tears in the brain, which can occur in a traumatic brain injury accident. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • While an injury from the object can cause localizing effects, along the path of penetration, additional damage can occur from the object fragmenting into parts. (springer.com)
  • Secondary injuries can also occur including cerebral infection, swelling, bleeding, and increased intracranial pressure. (springer.com)
  • Closed head injuries occur when the brain tissue is. (springer.com)
  • Because a closed head injury can occur without any outward sign of physical trauma, this type of injury can go unnoticed for days or weeks. (ipl.org)
  • About 75 percent of all brain injuries that occur in the United States are closed head injuries. (consumerdangers.com)
  • A closed head injury can occur when the brain bounces violently against the skull from sudden acceleration or deceleration , such as a high-speed automobile accident . (torklaw.com)
  • The most frequent cause of closed head injuries occur when the head has been forced to rock back and forth or even rotated. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • An example where this may occur is when the head collides with a sharp object such as a motorcycle brake lever. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • This kind of injury might occur is in a car accident, where the head could be caught between the wheel of a car and the road. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • 1 The majority of infant walker-related injuries occur when the child falls down the stairs in the walker. (aappublications.org)
  • Brain injury can occur at the site of impact, but can also be at the opposite side of the skull due to a contrecoup effect (the impact to the head can cause the brain to move within the skull, causing the brain to impact the interior of the skull opposite the head-impact). (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention falls are the leading cause of brain injuries. (ipl.org)
  • [ 7 , 9 ] Patients with severe head injury have a 30-50% mortality rate, and those who survive are often left with severe neurological deficits that may include a persistent vegetative state. (medscape.com)
  • In fact, head injuries disable and kill more people under the age of 50 than any other type of neurological injury. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • Neurological deficits and posttraumatic epilepsy are often subsequent to penetrating head injuries. (springer.com)
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of long-term neurological disability and affects an ever-growing population. (pnas.org)
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a frequent and clinically highly heterogeneous neurological disorder with large socioeconomic consequences. (wiley.com)
  • With an incidence of 235-556/100,000, traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the most frequent neurological disorders worldwide [ 1, 2 ]. (wiley.com)
  • Material and methods - During a period of 14 years, around 2000 patients with head injuries were admitted to the emergency ward at Lindesberg County Hospital and Örebro Medical Centre Hospital. (diva-portal.org)
  • Stabilize the victim's head and neck by placing your hands on both sides of the person's head, keeping the head in line with the spines and preventing movement. (torklaw.com)
  • Most of the children sustained head or neck injuries (90.6%) and 74.1% were injured by falling down the stairs in an infant walker. (aappublications.org)
  • Call the doctor right away if an infant has a head injury or a child of any age has neck pain or won't stop crying after a head injury. (kidshealth.org)
  • Don't move the child in case there is a neck or spine injury. (kidshealth.org)
  • If the child is vomiting or having a seizure , turn them onto their side while trying to keep the head and neck straight. (kidshealth.org)
  • In some patients, the vehicle in which they were passengers was struck from the side, inducing a lateral to-and-fro motion to the head and neck. (jamanetwork.com)
  • A head injury is any trauma or concussion that injures the scalp, skull, or brain. (medhelp.org)
  • Head injuries are the result of trauma to the skull, brain, and/or scalp. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • Head injuries include both injuries to the brain and those to other parts of the head, such as the scalp and skull . (wikipedia.org)
  • Head injuries cause immediate death in 25% of acute traumatic injuries. (medscape.com)
  • The children's orientation and amnesia test: Relationship to severity of acute head injury and to recovery of memory. (springer.com)
  • Some aspects of the possible involvement of NE in the pathophysiology of acute spinal injury are discussed. (thejns.org)
  • Most of the acute disturbances of autonomic nervous system activity seen in clinical practice resulting from head injury are due to increased intracranial pressure (ICP), which precipitates a complex set of changes causing lack of food tolerance. (medscimonit.com)
  • The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), first introduced by Teasdale and Jennett in 1974, has been the standard for objectively assessing individuals with traumatic head injuries (see Table 2). (medscape.com)
  • The Glasgow Coma Scale is commonly used to assess the severity of traumatic brain injuries, including closed-head injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ASCOT probability of survival encapsulates several of the variables measured in the Glasgow Coma Scale but also includes systolic blood pressure, respiration rates upon admission, and anatomic injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparison of the Westmead PTA Scale and the Glasgow Coma Scale of predictors of neuropsychological outcome following extremely severe blunt head injury. (springer.com)
  • Severe diffuse axonal injuries can result in vegetative status or a coma. (cordiscosaile.com)
  • the increase was driven by a significant increase in concussions and closed head injuries. (aappublications.org)
  • Concussions are one of the most common types of closed head injuries. (ipl.org)
  • The National Head and Spinal Cord Injury Survey: major findings. (medscape.com)
  • Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation puts most families in crushing debt. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • If the person's breathing and heart rate are normal but the person is unconscious, treat the person as though he or she has suffered a spinal cord injury. (torklaw.com)
  • Learn about various back injuries that must be treated very carefully, such as spinal cord injuries, back strains/sprains, herniated discs and bulging discs from our attorneys. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • Severed axonal connections do not spontaneously regenerate, creating a major hurdle for functional recovery following spinal cord injury (SCI). (nature.com)
  • To achieve this, the authors moved the injury site to level C1 on the spinal cord (compared with C4 in their earlier work), where the distance to the target site is much shorter ( ∼ 2 mm). (nature.com)
  • A primary injury results from the initial anatomical and physiological insult, which is usually direct trauma to the head, regardless of cause. (medscape.com)
  • A closed head injury is trauma to the head that does not cause a break in the skull. (denverhealth.org)
  • DST as a result of trauma is rare and aetiologies range from mechanical falls with or without skull fracture, firework explosions, gunshots to the head, blunt trauma to the head and closed head injury. (elsevier.com)
  • Nearly every contact sport yields the possibility of trauma to the head. (ipl.org)
  • A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by some form of external trauma to the head. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • Backhaus S. (2017) Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. (springer.com)
  • We studied the incidence of pneumonia in a group of patients with isolated closed head injury (CHI) in an effort to determine the pattern of the problem in the absence of other injuries and to determine whether the pattern of development of pneumonia in these patients was comparable to that in more heterogeneous groups of mechanically ventilated patients. (nih.gov)
  • In the United States, the incidence of closed head injury is estimated to be approximately 200 cases per 100,000 persons per year. (medscape.com)
  • Epidemiology of pediatric closed head injury: Incidence, clinical characteristics, and risk factors. (springer.com)
  • We understand how these injuries impact the victims and their families. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • The personal injury attorneys at The Orlow Firm recover damages for victims of closed head injuries. (orlowlaw.com)
  • While most are minor and do not need treatment, over half a million closed head injury victims require hospitalization for observation and treatment. (torklaw.com)
  • Michigan Auto Law is the largest auto law firm in the state, and we've been helping personal injury victims like you for more than 50 years. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • There are also about 30 known cases of head trauma victims displaying other new talents. (zdnet.com)
  • [ 9 ] Permanent disability in survivors ranges from 10-100%, depending on the severity of the injuries. (medscape.com)
  • Also, depending on the severity, a head injury may affect one's ability to work for a few weeks, or it may be so severe that the employee may never return to work. (vicalexander.com)
  • [ 15 ] Injuries to the central nervous system tend to be the most costly on a per-patient basis because they often result in debilitating physical, psychological, and psychosocial deficits that, in turn, require extensive long-term rehabilitation and care. (medscape.com)
  • Deficits typically reflect localization of brain injury. (springer.com)
  • Our results indicate that ISR inhibition at time points late after injury can reverse memory deficits associated with TBI. (pnas.org)
  • Closed-head injury is a type of traumatic brain injury in which the skull and dura mater remain intact. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. (rush.edu)
  • This type of injury is not thought to be as serious as an injury in which the dura matter is penetrated, but injuries of this type are the leading cause of death in very young children. (williammcbride.com)
  • A closed (non-missile) head injury is where the dura mater remains intact. (wikipedia.org)
  • A penetrating head injury occurs when an object pierces the skull and breaches the dura mater. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their behavioral adjustment was poorer and they had smaller white matter volumes on MRI, but the latter differences were present at baseline and did not change over time, suggesting that they existed prior to the injury. (nih.gov)
  • Emotional and behavioral changes following a head injury are common, especially after a severe event. (consumerdangers.com)
  • Despite all this technical wizardry, Head Injury Foundation statistics show that 50,000 to 90,000 of the people who suffered head injuries last year were left with intellectual, physical and behavioral problems that may prevent them from ever living independently again. (latimes.com)
  • Moderate or severe injuries can cause a lot of bleeding and swelling in the brain. (denverhealth.org)
  • For moderate to severe TBI , the first thing health care providers will do is stabilize you to prevent further injury. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Severe diffuse axonal injuries often lead to comas or vegetative states. (wikipedia.org)
  • To learn more about your legal rights and options, please contact our qualified brain injury lawyers for a free confidential evaluation of your case. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • T he Michigan traumatic brain injury lawyers at Buckfire & Buckfire, P.C. have considerable expertise representing individuals who have sustained traumatic brain injuries and closed head injuries. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • There are frequent debates between lawyers and even doctors in cases involving traumatic brain injuries and closed head injuries. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • Our experienced lawyers work with the most qualified brain specialists to prove that you suffered a serious injury and to explain to the jury how it has impacted your life. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • Our lawyers have also regularly delivered lectures to personal injury lawyers not only in Virginia but at national trial organizations. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • https://www.hsinjurylaw.com/practice_areas/north-carolina-traumatic-brain-injury-attorneys-nc-brain-injury-lawyers.cfm. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • To speak to one of our San Diego brain injury lawyers ‚ contact us for a consultation today. (jurewitz.com)
  • Advice about your unique injuries and the pain and suffering compensation you could be entitle d to from our personal injury lawyers in Michigan. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • That's why our personal injury lawyers in Michigan put together this resource center - to help you better understand your injuries and your legal rights. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • Our personal injury lawyers in Michigan explain the legal claim for "loss of consortium," or in other words, when a car accident victim's marriage suffers from personal injuries. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • Our personal injury lawyers in Michigan discuss headache treatment, types of post-traumatic headaches and FAQs. (michiganautolaw.com)
  • Epidemiology of head injuries in adults: a pilot study. (medscape.com)
  • Epidemiology and outcome of pediatric traumatic brain injury. (springer.com)
  • The goal of this study was to determine the epidemiology of injuries associated with nursery products among young children treated in US emergency departments. (aappublications.org)
  • Previous studies have described the epidemiology of injuries associated with specific nursery products, such as cribs and baby walkers. (aappublications.org)
  • This study is the first to use nationally representative data to investigate the epidemiology of injuries associated with a broad range of nursery products among young children. (aappublications.org)
  • Second impact syndrome-which occurs when a person suffers even a minor head injury following a concussion-is a potentially serious complication of concussion. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • By using top medical experts and medical illustrations, we demonstrate how a brain injury occurs and how it has functionally changed your life. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • A closed head injury occurs when the head strikes an object or the head is violently jerked causing the brain to "bounce" around hitting the skull. (ipl.org)
  • A diffuse axonal injury occurs when the neurons in the brain are damaged. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • An Open head injury occurs when the skull is penetrated by a foreign object. (vicalexander.com)
  • An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is a term used to describe any type of brain injury (including a Traumatic Brain Injury) that occurs after birth. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • An example where this type of brain injury often occurs is in a car accident. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • It usually occurs where the head might be caught between two hard objects. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • A related discussion, lump on head and neckpain,headache was started. (medhelp.org)
  • About half of children with a head injury get a headache. (kidshealth.org)
  • [ 11 ] Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are the most common cause of closed head injuries for teenagers and young adults. (medscape.com)
  • Head injuries are more common in men than women across every age group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common closed-head injuries include: concussion - a head injury resulting in temporary dysfunction of normal brain function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common closed head injuries include concussions , contusions (bruising of the brain), hematoma (accumulation of blood in the brain), and tears (lacerations) of the brain. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • T raumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a major public health problem, and is the most common cause of mortality and disability in younger Western populations. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Previous studies have shown that peripheral hearing impairment (HI) is a common sequel of closed head injury (CHI), but in most cases it will subside within the first posttraumatic months. (diva-portal.org)
  • Most traumatic brain injuries are closed head injuries and so are the most common types of brain injury claimed in personal injury lawsuits. (jurewitz.com)
  • What does a rough body check from an opposing hockey team, a stray 95 mph pitch to the side of the head, a soccer header, and a dangerous tackle in football all have in common? (ipl.org)
  • One of the most common types of head injuries is a closed head injury, in which the head sustains impact that jostles the brain, but the skull is not fractured or penetrated. (consumerdangers.com)
  • It is the most common type of head injury. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • Strains and sprains are common injuries, especially of the ankle. (medicinenet.com)
  • One of the most common forms of head injury is a concussion . (vicalexander.com)
  • Contusions are another common, yet very serious, brain injury. (vicalexander.com)
  • This is the most common type on brain injury. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • This type of brain injury is not as common. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • This is the least common type of brain injury. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • Brain damage, which is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells, is a common occurrence in those who experience a head injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Head injuries are common in children and teens. (kidshealth.org)
  • Rick Shaprio, a North Carolina (NC) traumatic brain injury attorney, talks about some of the similarities and differences between a closed head injury/concussion injury and a traumatic brain injury (a.k.a. (hsinjurylaw.com)
  • Never have a TBI patient scanned on an Open MRI - Resolution is not capable of identifying any but the most severe brain injury. (tbilaw.com)
  • Brain bleeds are one of the conditions of severe brain injury that usually need to be reversed by brain surgery. (braininjuryhelp.com)
  • A young farmer suffered a severe brain injury in a grain elevator explosion, leaving him in a persistent vegetative state. (schwebel.com)
  • Despite a lack of clear evidence, multiple neurostimulants are commonly provided after severe brain injury (BI). (hindawi.com)
  • A person with a head injury might also experience dizziness, nausea and vomiting, loss of balance, weakness, and seizures. (consumerdangers.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical correlates of supratentorial ventricular dilations and of corpus callosal atrophy at the subacute stage after a severe closed-head injury (CHI). (nih.gov)
  • A synthetic cannabinoid, HU-211 (Dexanabinol), is in advanced clinical stages of investigation as a neuroprotectant in head trauma. (cannabisscienceresearchfoundation.org)
  • It is not intended to replace clinical judgment or establish a protocol for all patients with a minor head injury, and rarely will provide the only appropriate approach to the problem. (wichita.edu)
  • In clinical terms, the increased decline for those with head injury "is equivalent to a person without head injury being approximately 4 years older at study baseline," Schneider noted. (medscape.com)
  • The suspension resulted from a review of experiments at the Head Injury Clinical Research Laboratory that determined they did not meet federal guidelines, university President Sheldon Hackney and Provost Thomas Ehrlich said in a statement. (chicagotribune.com)
  • OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the relationship of closed head injury (CHI) severity, focal brain lesions, and the age at injury to the development of working memory, inhibition, and metacognitive skills in children or adolescents with CHI of varying severity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Closed head injury with brain damage shows lesions of frontal lobe, midbrain, thalamus, corpus callosum and limbic system. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • Factors affecting the development of hypothalamus and pituitary lesions in fatal closed head injury: a prospective study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • OBJECTIVES To determine the factors affecting the development of pituitary and hypothalamic lesions after fatal closed head injury. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Hypothalamic lesions following closed head injury. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Hypothalamic lesions in head injury. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Pituitary lesions in craniocerebral injuries. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Approximately 15% of these patients succumb to the injury upon arrival to the emergency department. (medscape.com)
  • [ 12 ] Alcohol or drug use contributes to as many of 38% of cases of severe head trauma in younger patients. (medscape.com)
  • Prospective study of patients hospitalized with head injury in San Diego County, 1978. (medscape.com)
  • More than 50% of patients who suffer from a traumatic brain injury will develop psychiatric disturbances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although precise rates of anxiety after brain injury are unknown, a 30-year follow-up study of 60 patients found 8.3% of patients developed a panic disorder, 1.7% developed an anxiety disorder, and 8.3% developed a specific phobia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients recovering from a closed-head or traumatic brain injury often suffer from decreased self-esteem and depression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients are assigned to one of two study groups based on when the closed head injury (CHI) occurred. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • For the past five years, the center has worked with head-injury patients, Price said. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Thirty-three CHI patients underwent MRI 2 months or more after injury. (nih.gov)
  • Results: Voxel-based morphometry illustrated reduced whole scan signal differences between patients and controls and changes in patients between 1 and 6 months post injury. (stir.ac.uk)
  • Conclusions: Decreased grey matter concentration identified with voxel-based morphometry illustrated that structural deficit was present in the head injured patients and does not change between 1 and 6 months. (stir.ac.uk)
  • MATERIALS Thirty-four patients with severe closed head injury succumbing to the effects of brain trauma before or during admission, whether managed conservatively or surgically, formed the study group. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Based on studies almost 50% of patients who suffered from a traumatic brain injury develops a psychiatric disturbance. (braininjuryinstitute.org)
  • S100B was detectable more than 12 h after injury only in patients with severe CHI. (northwestern.edu)
  • These included 895 patients among those without head injury and 400 patients who had had a head injury. (medscape.com)
  • One place that professionals and patients are looking to as a model of what can be done is the Traumatic Head Injury program at Coastline Community College in Costa Mesa. (latimes.com)
  • Neurotrauma: Managing Patients with Head Injuries is a comprehensive, holistic, evidence-based approach to the primary, secondary and tertiary care of a person with neurotrauma. (wiley.com)
  • Using a patient-centred needs approach to enhance the quality of care of head injured patients, family and carers, this multidisciplinary book enables the reader to apply the knowledge, skills and attitudes learned to the practice of neurotrauma in all settings. (wiley.com)
  • Little attention has been paid to the status of the brain in patients who have sustained such an injury. (jamanetwork.com)
  • The head may look fine, but complications could result. (torklaw.com)
  • The first and most noticeable physical impairment associated with a head injury is unconsciousness. (consumerdangers.com)
  • [ 10 ] Penetrating intracranial injuries have worse outcomes than closed head injuries. (medscape.com)
  • This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (rush.edu)
  • Penetrating intracranial injuries generally have worse outcomes than closed head injuries because of the increased likelihood for severe brain damage and the risk of infection. (vicalexander.com)
  • Intracranial damage can be focal, such as epidural and subdural haematomas and parenchymal contusions, or diffuse, for example traumatic axonal injury and diffuse cerebral oedema, although this distinction is somewhat arbitrary. (wiley.com)
  • Sandybrook is one of only four rehabilitation centers in Florida that specialize in head injuries. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Discussion will be focused on the application of these approaches to the modeling and rehabilitation following closed-head injury. (springer.com)
  • In the Los Angeles area, long-term rehabilitation for the head injured is also offered by the New Pathways program at Daniel Freeman Memorial Hospital in Inglewood, Casa Colina in Pomona and Northridge Hospital. (latimes.com)
  • Univariate optimal data analysis was conducted to determine if the number of neurostimulants influenced classification of four outcomes: recovery of full consciousness during rehabilitation, recovery of full consciousness within one year of injury, and meaningful neurobehavioral improvement during rehabilitation defined as either at least a 4.7 unit (minimal detectable change) or 2.58 unit (minimal clinically important difference) gain on the Disorders of Consciousness Scale-25 (DOCS-25). (hindawi.com)
  • The overall score generally refers to the best response/examination obtained within the first 6-8 hours after injury and following resuscitation and is considered to be a predictor of the patient's overall outcome. (medscape.com)
  • [ 45 ] The motor component of the GCS score is most predictive of the severity of the brain injury and correlates most strongly with overall outcome. (medscape.com)
  • The ASCOT was found to be the most sensitive tool for determining severity of head injuries in children and is effective in predicting the outcome of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Last year, more than 700,000 Americans, mostly males between 16 and 25, received head injuries severe enough to require hospitalization, according to the National Head Injury Foundation in Framingham, Mass. (latimes.com)
  • We recently showed that inflammatory reactions and robust activation of microglia and phagocytes are key events in the injured cortex after a severe focal traumatic brain injury (Israelsson et al. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This study describes a left handed woman with prosopagnosia following traumatic brain injury with a focal lesion confined to the left-posterior hemisphere. (northwestern.edu)
  • Brain injuries may be diffuse , occurring over a wide area, or focal, located in a small, specific area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Penetrating head injuries involve an object penetrating the skull and entering into brain tissue. (springer.com)
  • This is a penetrating injury. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A person can suffer a significant brain injury even though and MRI or CAT scan show normal results. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • Millions of people suffer a closed head injury each year. (torklaw.com)
  • The primary injury usually causes structural changes, such as epidural hematoma , subdural hematoma , subarachnoid hemorrhage , intraventricular hemorrhage, or cerebral contusion . (medscape.com)
  • Head Injury - Subdural Hematoma. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • Both mental and physical rest will be needed to help any brain injury heal. (denverhealth.org)
  • Many think that a concussion is a slight injury that keeps us out of physical activity for a couple weeks, but it is truly so much more than. (ipl.org)
  • If the injury is severe, physical therapy and surgery may be necessary. (medicinenet.com)
  • A 16-year-old teenager suffered a traumatic brain injury during a private school physical education golf class when she was struck in the head by a golf ball hit by another student. (schwebel.com)
  • The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are creating a new generation of Veterans, including an increasing number of women Veterans, who present with comorbid PTSD and chronic pain conditions from recent deployment-related physical injuries and exposure to psychological trauma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As a result, the plaintiff suffered injuries to his low back, left knee, left leg and left ankle, together with bruises and contusions about his body, all accompanied by associated physical pain and mental suffering," according to the suit. (theday.com)
  • Background: The hippocampus and corpus callosum have been shown to be vulnerable in head injury. (stir.ac.uk)
  • Minor injuries can temporarily affect how the brain works. (denverhealth.org)
  • Even the most minor accident can leave an individual with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). (arnellaw.com)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Head Injuries, Closed" by people in this website by year, and whether "Head Injuries, Closed" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (rush.edu)
  • This practice parameter is not intended as a sole source of guidance for the management of children with minor closed head injuries. (wichita.edu)
  • A minor head injury is usually classified as a minor head trauma or a brief period of concussion. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • The majority of people who experience a minor head injury usually recover after 3 to 4 months following the accident, but there are occasions when the period of recovery can take longer. (boltburdonkemp.co.uk)
  • The hard ball and the high velocity it is travelling at are more likely to cause injury, but to be honest while we see a lot of cricket injuries most of them are very minor. (smh.com.au)
  • Most childhood head injuries are minor and hurt only the outside of the head. (kidshealth.org)
  • During a median follow-up of 20 years, 24% of the participants experienced at least one head injury, determined on the basis of self-report and emergency department/hospitalization ICD-9 codes. (medscape.com)
  • Children, however, may experience head injuries from accidental falls or intentional causes (such as being struck or shaken) leading to hospitalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebral gene expression changes in response to traumatic brain injury will provide useful information in the search for future trauma treatment. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • While each patient undergoes testing, the patient's parent/guardian answers interview questions regarding the patient's functional and emotional status since the injury, and the family's functional status, exposure to stressful events, and psychiatric history. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • These injuries cause emotional damage, functional damage, and effect a person's ability to live independently, drive, and even work. (buckfirelaw.com)
  • With closed head injuries, the brain can be damaged even though the skull is not permeated. (oshmanlaw.com)
  • A closed head injury is one in which the skull is not broken. (jurewitz.com)
  • Concussions , hematomas and contusions are considered Closed head injuries because the skull is not penetrated. (vicalexander.com)