Radioactive Waste: Liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, processing of irradiated reactor fuels, and related operations, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry, and medicine. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Radioactive Hazard Release: Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Chemical Hazard Release: Uncontrolled release of a chemical from its containment that either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a chemical hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Waste Management: Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.Water Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in water or bodies of water, which exhibit radioactivity.Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Nuclear power accident that occurred following the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake of March 11, 2011 in the northern region of Japan.Cesium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.Nuclear Power Plants: Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.UkraineRadiation Monitoring: The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.Soil Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in soil, which exhibit radioactivity.Book Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Plutonium: Plutonium. A naturally radioactive element of the actinide metals series. It has the atomic symbol Pu, atomic number 94, and atomic weight 242. Plutonium is used as a nuclear fuel, to produce radioisotopes for research, in radionuclide batteries for pacemakers, and as the agent of fission in nuclear weapons.Book ReviewsBooksRadioactive Fallout: The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Uranium: Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.Alexander Disease: Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.Radiation ProtectionIsocyanates: Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.Electricity: The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.Laryngeal Masks: A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.Tectiviridae: A family of lipid-containing bacteriophages with double capsids which infect both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. It has one genus, Tectivirus.Emergency Medical Technicians: Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Uranium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain uranium as an integral part of the molecule.TennesseeKentuckyEmergency Shelter: Temporary shelter provided in response to a major disaster or emergency.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Channel Islands: A group of four British islands and several islets in the English Channel off the coast of France. They are known to have been occupied prehistorically. They were a part of Normandy in 933 but were united to the British crown at the time of the Norman Conquest in 1066. Guernsey and Jersey originated noted breeds of cattle. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p242)SwedenCopper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Electric Power Supplies: Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)Health Impact Assessment: Combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.Philosophy, MedicalTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.RussiaRuthenium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of ruthenium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ru atoms with atomic weights 93-95, 97, 103, and 105-108 are radioactive ruthenium isotopes.SwitzerlandRuthenium: A hard, brittle, grayish-white rare earth metal with an atomic symbol Ru, atomic number 44, and atomic weight 101.07. It is used as a catalyst and hardener for PLATINUM and PALLADIUM.EuropeTaxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Casuistry: A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.Postmodernism: A late 20th-century philosophical approach or style of cultural analysis that seeks to reveal the cultural or social construction of concepts conventionally assumed to be natural or universal. (from E.R. DuBose, The Illusion of Trust: Toward a Medical Theological Ethics in the Postmodern Age, Kluwer, 1995)Nuclear Reactors: Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Bioreactors: Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.Ethical Relativism: The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)

*Nuclear transmutation

... nuclear transmutation has been considered as a possible mechanism for reducing the volume and hazard of radioactive waste. The ... This releases, on average, 3 neutrons and a large amount of energy. The released neutrons then cause fission of other uranium ... This does not rule-out the need for a Deep Geological Repository (DGR) for High radioactive Level Waste (HLW).) When irradiated ... The feat was popularly known as "splitting the atom," although it was not the modern nuclear fission reaction discovered in ...

*Bioremediation of radioactive waste

... heat released and half-life of the radionuclides: Exempt waste (EW): Waste that meets the criteria for exclusion from ... Radioactive contamination is a potential danger for living organisms and results in external hazards, concerning radiation ... that may also contain other hazardous waste. Low level waste (LLW): Waste that is above clearance levels and requires robust ... Bioremediation of radioactive waste or bioremediation of radionuclides is an application of bioremediation based on the use of ...

*Uranium in the environment

Conventional uranium ore treatment mills create radioactive waste in the form of tailings, which contain uranium, radium, and ... called the largest accident of nuclear-related waste in US history, and the 1986 Sequoyah Corporation Fuels Release in Oklahoma ... The radiation hazards of uranium mining and milling were not appreciated in the early years, resulting in workers exposed to ... There was no evidence of an association between risk of miscarriage and mothers' service in the gulf." It has been reported ...

*Environmental impact of the coal industry

Excluding contained waste and unintentional releases from nuclear plants, coal-plants carry more radioactive wastes into the ... In the low-coal-content areas waste forms spoil tip. The U.S. EPA classified the 44 sites as potential hazards to communities ( ... Coal and coal waste products (including fly ash, bottom ash and boiler slag) release approximately 20 toxic-release chemicals, ... if released into the environment, may lead to radioactive contamination. Coal plants emit radiation in the form of radioactive ...

*Zeolite

... closing the pores and trapping the waste in a solid stone block. This is a waste form factor that greatly reduces its hazard ... sandbags of zeolite were dropped into the seawater near the power plant to adsorb radioactive caesium which was present in high ... Zeolites can also act as water moderators, in which they will absorb up to 55% of their weight in water and slowly release it ... The catalyst is circulated to a regenerator where air is used to burn coke off the surface of the catalyst that was formed as a ...

*Deep geological repository

Between 1967 and 1978 radioactive waste was placed in storage. Research indicated that brine contaminated with radioactive ... "Final disposal nearing realization" (PDF). Press release. Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co. 2007-09-28. Archived ... "the fractured strata of the county was impossible to entrust with such dangerous material and a hazard lasting millennia." Deep ... Common elements of repositories include the radioactive waste, the containers enclosing the waste, other engineered barriers or ...

*Lake Ontario Ordnance Works

The 10-acre (4.0 ha) mound is used for the storage of radioactive waste and residues, and the grass-covered "interim cap" is ... A 2005 article in the Niagara Gazette alleged that radiation at the site was causing an ongoing hazard for the nearby Lewiston- ... "no evidence of potential source areas or releases of contamination to groundwater, surface water, or soil associated with any ... The concrete silo was dismantled sometime after 1979. Construction of the interim waste containment structure was completed in ...

*Induced radioactivity

Most radioactivity does not induce other material to become radioactive. This Induced radioactivity was discovered by Irène ... releasing a neutron. This reaction has a minimum cutoff of 2 MeV (for deuterium) and around 10 MeV for most heavy nuclei. Many ... "Potential Hazard Due to Induced Radioactivity Secondary to Radiotherapy". Health Physics. 107 (5): 442-460. doi:10.1097/HP. ... there was a continuous emission of radioactive radiations, even after the α−source had been removed. They showed that the ...

*Catawba Nuclear Station

More than 100 gallons of water contaminated with radioactive tritium was released. However, the levels of tritium were less ... Memorandum about seismic hazard estimates (pdf, September 2, 2010) Dyches, Chris (2013). "Emergency Manager: No reason for ... The 2010 U.S. population within 10 miles (16 km) of Catawba was 213,407, an increase of 53.3 percent in a decade, according to ... As a part of the Megatons to Megawatts Program Catawba was one of the plants that received and tested 4 fuel assemblies ...

*Ian Fairlie

He is a radiation biologist who has focused on the radiological hazards of nuclear fuel and he has studied radioactive releases ... He has acted as a consultant to the British government and was one of the 3 person Secretariat(together with Dr Marion Hill and ... He has researched radioactive releases at nuclear facilities since before the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Fairlie lives in ... In 2016, an updated TORCH report was written. Both Fairlie and Sumner are members of the International Physicians for the ...

*Radium

... it was used as a radioactive source for radioluminescent devices and also in radioactive quackery for its supposed curative ... but the paint is dangerous if released and inhaled or ingested. Radium was once an additive in products such as toothpaste, ... appearance of an often thick layer of green or yellowish brown paint in devices from this period suggests a radioactive hazard ... From the 1960s the use of radium paint was discontinued. In many cases luminous dials were implemented with non-radioactive ...

*Rare-earth element

... between 29 May and 3 June 2011 to address concerns of radioactive hazards. The IAEA team was not able to identify any non- ... In 2010, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) released a study that found that the United States had 13 million metric ... A particular hazard is mildly radioactive slurry tailings resulting from the common occurrence of thorium and uranium in rare- ... Moseley was killed in World War I in 1915, years before hafnium was discovered. Hence, the claim of Georges Urbain that he had ...

*Barium sulfate

Hokutolite is a radioactive mineral composed mostly of PbSO4 and BaSO4, but also containing traces of U, Th and Ra. The ... Thus when the liquid copper solidifies in form of an anode plate it can be easily released from its mold. Barium sulfate is ... During the early part of the 20th century, during the Japanese colonization period, hokutolite was found to exist naturally in ... ISBN 0-618-94690-X. "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0047". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ( ...

*Technetium-99

It can be tailored to safely absorb radioactive ions from nuclear waste streams. Once captured, the radioactive ions can then ... The primary hazard when working with technetium is inhalation of dust; such radioactive contamination in the lungs can pose a ... An estimated 160 TBq (about 250 kg) of technetium-99 was released into the environment up to 1994 by atmospheric nuclear tests ... a major concern when considering long-term disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Many of the processes designed to remove ...

*Mayak

... used as a dumping basin for Mayak's radioactive waste since 1951), to release radioactive material into surrounding waters. The ... Working conditions at Mayak resulted in severe health hazards and many accidents. The most notable accident occurred on 29 ... releasing 50-100 tons of high-level radioactive waste. The resulting radioactive cloud contaminated an expansive territory of ... Chelyabinsk Oblast Radioactive contamination Radioactive waste Reprocessed uranium Techa River the radioactive river "All ...

*Superfund

It was the largest radioactive spill in the US, but received a long delay in government response and cleanup after being placed ... risks to public health and the environment from releases or threatened releases of hazardous wastes at uncontrolled waste sites ... Information from the PA/SI is used by the EPA to develop a Hazard Ranking System (HRS) score to determine the CERCLA status of ... CERCLA was enacted by Congress in 1980 in response to the threat of hazardous waste sites, typified by the Love Canal disaster ...

*Candelas, Colorado

... groups have expressed concern that the radioactive and toxic contaminants from plant operations and accidental releases have ... The formal plat was filed with the Jefferson County Recorder on April 21, 2011. The Candelas master planned community is within ... Check date values in: ,year= / ,date= mismatch (help) "History of Hazards in Boulder County". Boulder County Office of ... In September 2013, the area was under water for three days during the 2013 Colorado floods.[citation needed] The location is ...

*Project GABRIEL

By 1954 and the Castle Bravo incident, it was obvious that radioactive fallout was dangerous to humans. United States Atomic ... After the hazards of strontium-90 became evident, the next step was to focus on impact and damage per detonation. Smith's tests ... The mushroom clouds that occurred from the explosions released radioactive isotopes in mass quantities. The first comprehensive ... A task team was assembled and the codename used was "Project HORN." In 1954, AEC argued that fallout was harmless because there ...

*Environmental disaster

... released thousands of US gallons of radioactive liquids. Radioactive waste was both released into the air and flowed into the ... List of environmental issues Environmental hazard Emergency management Environmental emergency Ecocide Malthusian catastrophe ... The gushing wellhead was capped, after it had released about 4.9 million barrels (780,000 m3) of crude oil. A 2013 report ... Seveso disaster, 1976 - Release of dioxin. Amoco Cadiz oil spill, 1978 - the vessel broke in two, releasing its entire cargo of ...

*Hydraulic fracturing in the United Kingdom

The Environment Agency (EA) said it would not grant a radioactive substances permit until it was sure the water will be ... In 2016, Medact released an updated public health report, citing health risks from shale gas development and calling upon the ... "Fracking and Earthquake Hazard". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 2 September 2016. About shale gas and hydraulic ... It was due for publication in March 2014. It was notable as large parts of this had been redacted, leading to criticism about ...

*Radiation effects from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster

Airborne dust contaminated with radioactive particles was released from the reactors into the air. This dust was found in ... Some hazard hazardous for tens of thousands of years. Radioactive products with long half-lives release less radioactivity per ... An estimated 538,100 terabecquerels (TBq) of iodine-131, caesium-134 and caesium-137 was released. 520,000 TBq was released ... 0.6 microsieverts per hour was measured 50 centimeters above the ground after this was done. Radioactive cesium was found in ...

*Geopolymer

... toxic and radioactive waste encapsulation and new cements for concrete. The properties and uses of geopolymers are being ... The water released by this reaction either remains in the pores, is associated with the framework similarly to zeolitic water, ... time to flashover is the time available for escape and this is the single most important factor in determining the fire hazard ... One major improvement in their research was that their study was carried out at very low temperatures, as low as −9 °C. Indeed ...

*Radioactive contamination

Radioactive iodine-131 is a common fission product; it was a major component of the radioactivity released from the Chernobyl ... The hazards to people and the environment from radioactive contamination depend on the nature of the radioactive contaminant, ... Radioactive contamination can be due to a variety of causes. It may occur due to release of radioactive gases, liquids or ... Radioactive contamination may also be an inevitable result of certain processes, such as the release of radioactive xenon in ...

*Radioluminescence

Another health hazard is its decay product, the radioactive gas radon, which constitutes a significant risk even at extremely ... Radium was used in luminous paint until the 1960s, when it was replaced with the other radioisotopes above due to health ... The continuous radioactive decay of the isotope's atoms releases radiation particles which strike the molecules of the phosphor ... A chemical that releases light of a particular color when struck by ionizing radiation is called a phosphor. Radioluminescent ...

*Geoprofessions

... waste, mining processes, radioactive release) and are not of natural origin. Environmental chemistry assesses interactions or ... It is also used in groundwater exploration and protection, geo-hazard studies (e.g., faults and landslides), alignment studies ... groundwater and waste isolation, offshore oil drilling and risk of spills, natural gas production and induced seismicity. ... and technologies to destroy or reduce the toxicity of contaminants in wastes or compounds that have been released to the ...
Title: RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE - 25 YEARS SINCE THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT ACCIDENT. Author: Farfan, E. / Jannik, T.. Reference: HEALTH PHYSICS JOURNAL, 2011. Keywords: Radioactive waste, Chernobyl, ChNPP accident, Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Abstract: Radioactive waste management is an important component of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident mitigation and remediation activities of the so-called Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. This article describes the localization and characteristics of the radioactive waste present in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and summarizes the pathways and strategy for handling the radioactive waste related problems in Ukraine and the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, and in particular, the ...
This study characterizes potential greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste streams, estimates the amounts of waste generated, and estimates their radionuclide content and distribution. Several types of low-level radioactive wastes produced by light water reactors were identified in an earlier study as being potential greater-than-Class C low-level waste, including specific activated metal components and certain process wastes in the form of cartridge filters and decontamination resins. Light water reactor operating parameters and current management practices at operating plants were reviewed and used to estimate the amounts of potential greater-than-Class C low-level waste generated per fuel cycle. The amounts of routinely generated activated metal components and process waste were estimated as a function of fuel ...
Solid radioactive waste can be broken down into two categories: waste that contains radioisotopes with half-lives of greater than 90 days, and waste that contains radioisotopes with half-lives of less than 90 days.. Waste containing radioisotopes of half-lives less than 90 days are allowed to decay to background radiation levels before disposal. Waste with half-lives greater than 90 days are either stored or incinerated.. Less than 90 day half-life? See Solid Radioactive Waste Management. Greater than 90 day half-life? See Preparing Solid Radioactive Waste for Pickup. Radioactive carcasses? See Preparing Radioactive Carcasses for Pickup. Radioactive sharps? See Liquid Scintillation Vials, ...
The Central Organisation for Radioactive Waste (COVRA) is the only company in the Netherlands that is authorized to collect, process and store radioactive waste. This web site provides a general introduction to COVRAs capabilities and facilities. Movies demonstrating various processes can be accessed throughout the site. An overview of Dutch radioactive waste policies is also offered ...
A volume reduction process comprises combinations of a freezing eutectic, bulk, indirect crystallization process and a radwaste electrodialysis process. When employed as a liquid radioactive waste management system (LWMS) for light water reactors (LWRs), this process is designed to process liquid low-level radioactive waste (LLW) and to handle the radioactive influent in nuclear power plants (NPPs) prior to release to the environment and disposal of the radioactive material present in the waste streams.
The Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety has characterized the Martinsville Alternative Site (MAS) for a proposed low-level radioactive waste disposal facility. The MAS is located in east-central Illinois approximately 1.6 km (1 mi) north of the city of Martinsville. Geologic investigation of the 5.5-km2 (1380-acre) site revealed a sequence of chiefly Illinoian glacigenic sediments from 6 to 60 m (20-200 ft) thick overlying two major bedrock valleys carved in Pennsylvanian strata. Relatively permeable buried units include basal, preglacial alluvium; a complex of intraglacial and subglacial sediment; englacial deposits; and supraglacial fluvial deposits. Postglacial alluvium underlies stream valleys on and adjacent to the site. In most areas, the buried sand units are confined by low-permeability till, lacustrine sediment, colluvium, and loess. The distribution and thickness of the most extensive and continuous buried sand units have been modified ...
The Mining and Chemical Combine (MCC), located approximately 60 km north of the city of Krasnoyarsk,is one of two major sites in the Russian Federation where liquid radioactive wastes (LRW) are disposed of by deep well injection. Disposal of LRW at the MCC through the use of deep well injectio started in 1967. The Severny ("Northern") site, approximately 15 km north of the MCC, was launched after the completion of special geological surveys and explorations performed by istitutions of the Ministry of Geology and Russian Academy of Sciences. The site was designed by Mintom institutions. As of 1995, 5 million cubic meters (m3) of LRW had been injected into two deep aquifers at the site. The waste includes both radioactive fission products and nonradioactive chemicas used in reprocessing of spent fuel. The total activity, decay corrected to 1995, is approximately 250 million ...
Development of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Managements Self-Assessment Program. This paper describes the development and implementation of the Self-Assessment (SA) Program of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (RW). The basis for RWs SA program is discussed, as well as RWs approach for meeting self-assessment requirements, RWs organization for self-assessment, actions to establish RWs SA Program, and planned RW SA implementation activities. This paper also discusses how self-assessment can support programmatic decisions and actions. The RW Director has approved and issued the Self-Assessment Management Plan that describes how RW will organize and manage its SA program. He has directed Associate/Office Directors to prepare individual Implementation Plans to provide specifics on how their Offices will meet the requirements of the RW SA Program. To assist in the preparation of ...
Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Thirty-six states could start shipping loads of radioactive waste through Texas for more than a decade - likely crisscrossing the Metroplex on major highways and train tracks - if they get approval this summer to send their contaminated materials to a West Texas disposal site.. The proposal to allow the states to send low-level waste to a site in Andrews County has prompted concern from some state lawmakers, who worry about the safety of communities along travel routes - including the Interstate 20 corridor through North Texas - and from environmentalists, who worry about radioactive leakage and contamination at the site.. An eight-member commission is expected to take up the issue in coming weeks, considering rules that would govern what materials are accepted and whether dozens of states should be allowed to send radioactive waste ...
It doesnt take an accident at Indian Point to release radioactivity into the environment. As a matter of regular operation, radioactive waste is emitted.
Information on getting inside and being safe during a radiation emergency. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Plant-based techniques were tested for field-scale evaluation of tritium contamination adjacent to a low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) facility in the Amargosa Desert, Nevada. Objectives were to (i) characterize and map the spatial variability of tritium in plant water, (ii) develop empirical relations to predict and map subsurface contamination from plant-water concentrations, and (iii) gain insight into tritium migration pathways and processes. Plant sampling [creosote bush, Larrea tridentata (Sessé & Moc. ex DC.) Coville] required one-fifth the time of soil water vapor sampling. Plant concentrations were spatially correlated to a separation distance of 380 m; measurement uncertainty accounted for ,0.1% of the total variability in the data. Regression equations based on plant tritium explained 96 and 90% of the variation in root-zone and sub-root-zone soil water vapor concentrations, respectively. The equations were combined with kriged plant-water ...
LAW OF GEORGIA WASTE MANAGEMENT CODE Chapter I - General Provisions. Article 1 - Purpose and objectives of the Code. 1. The purpose of this Code is to establish a legal framework in the field of waste management to implement measures that will facilitate waste prevention and its increased re-use as well as environmentally safe treatment of waste (which includes recycling and separation of secondary raw materials, energy recovery from waste and safe disposal of waste).. 2. The objective of this Code is to protect the environment and human health through:. a) the prevention or reduction of waste and its adverse impact;. b) the establishment of effective mechanisms for waste management;. c) the reduction of damage caused by the consumption of resources and the more efficient use of resources.. Article 2 - Scope of the Code. 1. This Code applies to all types of ...
This Corrective Action Investigation Plan contains the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Offices approach to collect the data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives appropriate for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 140 under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Corrective Action Unit 140 consists of nine Corrective Action Sites (CASs): 05-08-01, Detonation Pits; 05-08-02, Debris Pits; 05-17-01, Hazardous Waste Accumulation Site (Buried); 05-19-01, Waste Disposal Site; 05-23-01, Gravel Gertie; 05-35-01, Burn Pit; 05-99-04, Burn Pit; 22-99-04, Radioactive Waste Dump; 23-17-01, Hazardous Waste Storage Area. All nine of these CASs are located within Areas 5, 22, and 23 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) in Nevada, approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. ...
Heres the latest of our news bulletins from the ongoing crisis at Japans Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.. Decontamination Scandal. A major scandal involving shoddy decontamination practices in Fukushima Prefecture is continuing to unfold. Workers say that no training, impossible deadlines, and a sense that their efforts were useless, as well as direct orders from supervisors, led to the improper disposal practices.. In response to a scathing ten-part expose by the Asahi Shimbun, which revealed illegal dumping of radioactive waste into rivers and forests, failure to collect contaminated water used in the cleanup process, and inappropriate use of high-pressured sprayers, Ministry officials finally interviewed supervisors from four contracting firms that had been awarded a highly lucrative 650 billion yen ($7.4 billion) contract. The firms originally agreed to bag all radioactive material, including leaves and branches; ...
To determine the long-term success of the recommended Yucca Mountain high-level nuclear waste repository, studies of bacterial colonization and biofilm development are needed. Bacteria involved in microbially-influenced corrosion and degradation are known to form biofilms with the potential to impact the integrity of repository packaging and structural materials. Temperature and humidity are environmental factors that can greatly affect biofilm formation. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the temperature and humidity conditions that affect biofilm formation. Microcosms, which simulated the repository environment of Yucca Mountain, were placed at temperatures ranging from 30° C to 70° C and in relative humidities ranging from 100% to 32%. The microcosms contained titanium, C22 nickel alloy, and N316 stainless steel coupons buried in crushed Yucca Mountain muckpile rock. The uniform-sized metal coupons were sacrificed at the following timepoints: day 0, 1 day, 1 month, 5 months,! year, ...
DOE describes Hanford as the worlds largest environmental remediation project. In addition to the remnants of nine plutonium reactors, Hanford holds 4.6 million pounds of irradiated uranium fuel rods and 53 million gallons of radioactive waste buried in underground tanks, some of which have leaked into the groundwater and are moving toward the Columbia River. Radiation has long been the dean of hazards at nuclear cleanup sites, but in April 2009, the Hanford Advisory Board, a group chartered by DOE that includes current and former Hanford workers, medical specialists, environmental and worker-safety advocates, and local government officials, wrote a letter advising the department that from a worker safety perspective ... beryllium currently rates as a greater hazard than radiation. The letter included a disquieting calculation: Studies have found that between 2 percent and 6 percent of ...
The uranium refining and conversion plant (URCP) at Ningyo-toge was constructed in 1981 for the purpose of demonstrating on refining and conversion process from yellow cake (or uranium trioxide) to uranium hexafluoride by way of uranium tetrafluoride. For 20 years, 385 tons of natural uranium hexafluoride and 336 tons of reprocessed uranium hexafluoride (approximately) was produced. There are two different type of refining processes in the URCP. One is the wet process by convertig the natural uranium and the other is the dry conversion process for the reprocessed uranium. The dismantling of the dry process facilities began in March, 2008. It was found the large amount of uranium residuals such as wet slurry and powder uranium inside the vessels and pipes. Therefore, we have to take care of the spread of the contamination during dismantling works. The basic strategy concerning plant dismantling were the optimization of the total labor costs and the minimization of the ...
More than 120 people converged on the doorstep of the Global Uranium Conference, throwing dyed yellow sand - representing yellow cake or uranium concentrate - and demanding BHPs proposed $17 million Yeelirrie mine be scrapped.. Ban Uranium Mining Permanently campaigner Kate Vallentine said the protesters want to make it clear that uranium is too dangerous, too dirty and too risky.. "The WA public has been left out in the cold while government and industry have taken it upon themselves to bulldoze over public opinion at the largest uranium conference in Australia," Ms Vallentine said. "They are making decisions that put our health and environment in jeopardy with future generations footing the bill for the radioactive waste left behind.". Among the protesters was shadow environment minister Sally Talbot, Noongar elders, conservation groups, union members, families and the clown army.. Alongside those who are against uranium mining altogether, the Conservation ...
Cattleman George Glasier sees the next nuclear era amid the blood-orange mesas of Paradox Valley, the same Western range lands that hold a darker legacy from the last rush to pull uranium from the ground. The land is not far from the toxic uranium mines, now mostly abandoned, that serve as a reminder of an industry born of the Cold War. Industry officials say new technology such as enclosed radioactive waste containers has made processing safer than in the past. Uranium miners have suffered from lung cancer, pulmonary fibrosis and pneumoconiosis, a lung disease from inhaling dust. The same fight is brewing across the country as residents and environmental groups try to block new mines and processing facilities for the nuclear industry. The first application since 1988 for a uranium processing facility was filed in October with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. [...] the NRC has received 27 applications for facilities in Wyoming, Nebraska, South ...
All permits for new plants and license extensions for existing plants are being frozen. From the article:The U.S. government said it will stop issuing permits for new nuclear power plants and license extensions for existing facilities until it resolves issues around storing radioactive waste. The...
Nuclear Technology / Volume 160 / Number 3 / December 2007 / Pages 352-360. Technical Note / Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal / dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT07-A3906. ...
An emergency citizens conference was held on 10/24/2011.. It was a discussion about how to deal with the radioactive debris and sewage sludge from Fukushima.. In this discussion, the fact that two sludge disposal facilities workers died all of a sudden only in two weeks in October was leaked by a worker at a sewage farm in Chiba.. No further information was added, but sewage sludge is known to be very radioactive.. Because it is too high to deal with normally, Japanese government gave up controlling it.. Radioactive waste which is lower than 8,000 Bq/Kg is treated as normal garbage.. Chiba is one of the worst hot "prefectures".. It is easy to assume the sludge disposal facilities were severely contaminated.. However, none of the related news has been reported, we didnt even know the situation is so serious.. We hope more workers leak honest info by taking advantage of any chance.. (Source). ...
The purpose of the radiation thermometer is to put common radiation doses in perspective. This tool can help people assess their own risk in a radiation emergency. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) offers continuing medical education courses through the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS) to prepare physicians, physician assistants, nurses, emergency medical technicians, and first responders to expertly manage the medical aspects of a radiation incident.
AFTER a radiation accident in July 1969 we had the opportunity of comparing radiation dose estimates made by biological and physical methods. The biological method involved counting chromosome aberrations in cultured peripheral blood lymphocytes, and the physical method was based on a reconstruction of the accident. For the conditions of this accident a reasonable agreement was obtained between the two methods, which adds to the growing confidence in the use of chromosome aberration counting for dose assessment in radiation accidents.
... Detailed gravity and ground magnetic data collected along surveyed traverses across Midway Valley, on the eastern flank of Yucca Mountain, Nevada reveal that these methods can be used to delineate concealed faults. These studies are part of an effort to evaluate faulting in the vicinity of the proposed surface facilities for a potential nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. The largest gravity and magnetic anomaly in the vicinity of Midway Valley is associated with the Paintbrush fault on the west flank of Alice Ridge. Geophysical data infer a vertical offset of about 200 m (650 ft). Another prominent gravity and magnetic anomaly is associated with the Bow Ridge fault in the western part of Midway Valley.
Purpose : To review major radiation accidents that have occurred over a 50 year period. To identify common factors, since feedback may prevent recurrence. Methods : Accidents are classified according to the difficulties involved in their management and to the delay between their occurrence and their recognition. Results : The rate of severe...
Topics: responding to an accident involving radioactive materials; Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG); time/distance/shielding; safety/isolation/notification; personal protective equipment; principles of patient care; set up control boundaries: inner and outer line; identification of shipping papers; zones of the response area [hot zone (exclusion zone), warm zone, cold zone, decontamination corridor]; roles of the incident team members: managing contaminated patients (double blanket method); protecting the ambulance from radiation; techniques for minimizing the spread of contamination; techniques for removal of contaminated gear; survey the affected area and personnel involved in the response; documentation; arrival of ambulance at the hospital and transfer of patient; managing the ambulance and personnel after patient is delivered to ED, final ...
Waste disposal simply means removing and destroying or storing damaged, used or other unwanted domestic, agricultural or industrial products and substances. Disposal includes burning, burial at landfill sites or at sea, and recycling, while improper waste disposal re disposal of refuse without proper supervision which often amounts damage to the environment and ultimately to the human body system The environmentalists expressed their serious concern over the unscientific and improper management of municipal solid waste, describing it as hazardous to human health. Improper disposal of hazardous waste causes adverse effects on human health and the environment. The normal practices of waste disposal such as insanitary open dump, land filling, discharge in water courses, or open-pit burning will need modification when dealing with ...
A comparison of the material flows for alternative plastic disposal schemes (reuse, primary, secondary reprocessing) is shown below. Primary and secondary schemes take material back into the "production" section for the reprocessing operation. All three schemes are based on the same volume of use indicated by the thickness of the material flow arrows in the "use" section. The amount of material produced and wasted increases going from reuse to primary to secondary reprocessing. An interesting point shown in the figure is that secondary reprocessing (the most common type of plastic reprocessing in the US) does not form a closed loop.. Figure 1: Comparison of Material Flows with Alternative Disposal Schemes. Tertiary reprocessing. In tertiary reprocessing, plastics are broken down into basic chemicals that could be reconstituted into virgin-grade material or used as fuel. Converting the output from tertiary processing back into ethylene for plastic synthesis uses cryogenic (low temperature) ...
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Bluebell - Wild Hyacinth - Native Plant of The Western Isles You can see these lovely wildflowers in The Western Isles growing by lochs, streams, by forests, or grassy banks
Highly efficient and low cost removal of radioactive 90Sr from high level liquid waste (HLLW) is a key step for safe and long-term storage of nuclear waste. Herein, for the first time, we reported a novel flower-like α-ZrP material, which was prepared via a simple and economical low-temperature solid state s
Peace & Planet held Convergence Assembly at the World Social Forum on August 10. At the end of the assembly, they adopted the Montreal Declaration for a Nuclear-Fission-Free World (see below), which calls for an end to nuclear weapons, nuclear energy and uranium mining. Joseph Gerson, for Peace & Planet, encourages everyone to read and use it.. As citizens of this planet inspired by the Second Thematic World Social Forum for a Nuclear-Fission‐Free World, conducted in Montreal from August 8 to August 12, 2016, we are collectively calling for a mobilization of civil society around the world to bring about the elimination of all nuclear weapons, to put an end to the continued mass‐production of all high‐level nuclear wastes by phasing out all nuclear reactors, and to bring to a halt all uranium mining worldwide.. This call goes out to fellow citizens of all countries worldwide who see the need,whether as an individual or as a member of an organization, for a nuclear--fission‐free world. We ...
This is a list of criminal (or arguably, allegedly, or potentially criminal) acts intentionally involving radioactive substances. Inclusion in this list does not necessarily imply that anyone involved was guilty of a crime. For accidents or crimes that involved radioactive substances unbeknownst to those involved, see the list of radiation accidents. An unnamed man was convicted of attempting to poison his ex-wife in 2001 with plutonium stolen from WAK (Wiederaufbereitungsanlage Karlsruhe), a small scale reprocessing plant where he worked. He did not steal a large amount of plutonium, only rags used for wiping surfaces and a small amount of liquid waste. At least two people (besides the criminal) were contaminated by the plutonium. Two flats in Landau in the Rhineland-Palatinate were contaminated, and had to be cleaned at a cost of two million euro. Photographs of the case and details of other nuclear crimes have been ...
The Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is a specialised agency within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organisation of industrialised countries, based in Paris, France. The mission of the NEA is to assist its Member countries in maintaining and further developing, through international co-operation, the scientific, technological and legal bases required for the safe, environmentally friendly and economical use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. To achieve this, the NEA works as: a forum for sharing information and experience and promoting international co-operation; a centre of excellence which helps Member countries to pool and maintain their technical expertise; a vehicle for facilitating policy analyses and developing consensus based on its technical work.
The Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is a specialised agency within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organisation of industrialised countries, based in Paris, France. The mission of the NEA is to assist its Member countries in maintaining and further developing, through international co-operation, the scientific, technological and legal bases required for the safe, environmentally friendly and economical use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. To achieve this, the NEA works as: a forum for sharing information and experience and promoting international co-operation; a centre of excellence which helps Member countries to pool and maintain their technical expertise; a vehicle for facilitating policy analyses and developing consensus based on its technical work.
Khadamats Waste Management Strategies for UAEU Shared Labs. Outline of Presentation. I. Introduction UAE Waste Management Situation UAE Waste Management Goals UAE Waste Management Regulations UAE EHSMS Administration Hierarchy II. Khadamat Waste Management Strategies for UAEU Slideshow 1001901 by iren
If youve been using conventional nail polish, Id suggest stopping right away but please also dispose of conventional nail polish carefully. The EPA classifies nail polish as household hazardous waste and requests that it is disposed of in a proper hazardous waste disposal site. You can use this directory(in the US) to find a hazardous waste disposal site near you.. It is also important to note that nail salons typically do not use non-toxic nail polish options and that the air in nail salons is usually highly contaminated with chemicals. I suggest avoiding nail salons entirely, but if you do go to one, ask about the nail polish and removers they use and look for safer options.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A logistic regression analysis of the contractors awareness regarding waste management. AU - Begum, Rawshan Ara. AU - Siwar, Chamhuri. AU - Pereira, Joy Jacqueline. AU - Jaafar, Abdul Hamid. PY - 2006/8/5. Y1 - 2006/8/5. N2 - This tudy has highlighted a number of factors affecting contractors awareness regarding construction waste management to the construction industry. The data in the present study is based on contractors registered with the Construction Industry Development Board of Malaysia. Binary logistic regression analysis is employed for exploring the factors affecting the awareness. Contractors awareness regarding waste management will tend to be significantly adequate with the increasing values in the factors of having waste management plan, awareness of source reduction of waste minimisation measures, awareness of reusing and recycling of waste materials, sorting ...
Rapid economic growth, urbanisation and increasing population have caused (materially intensive) resource consumption to increase, and consequently the release of large amounts of waste to the environment. Numerous technological and operational approaches to resource management have been introduced throughout the system of production, consumption and waste management. This thesis concludes that the current, rather isolated, efforts to influence different systems for waste management, waste reduction and resource management are indeed not sufficient from a long-term sustainability perspective. To manage resources and waste sustainably, resource management requires a more systems-oriented approach, which addresses the root causes of the problems.. This thesis identifies and discusses different sustainability challenges facing the global waste management system. To address these challenges a ...
DU was used in warfare for the first time in operation Desert Storm. It was the Pentagons first live field test of armor-piercing bullets, tank shells, and tank armor made of this deadly radioactive nuclear waste. Because of DUs ability to penetrate steel, it has become a popular weapon with the brass. When fired, a DU shell combusts on impact, and as much as 70% of the material is released and turns into an aerosol of radioactive uranium particles. It becomes an irradiating powder in the air. It travels in the wind or becomes mixed with dust and dirt. It can be inhaled and ingested and it can be trapped in the lungs or kidneys. Depleted Uranium is a cleverly deceptive term for the radioactive by-product of the uranium enrichment process. Depleted does not mean non-radioactive. Depleted uranium is ...
Introduction. A vast area under discussion, mostly in this day and age, pollution is a poisonous or harmful contamination of the biosphere. There are many different forms of pollution including litter, industrial effluent, domestic waste, nuclear waste, toxic waste, water pollution, agricultural pollution, noise pollution and air pollution. Air pollution, being the main area of concern due to its threatening symptoms, comes from a range of various sources such as factories, power plants, dry cleaners, motor vehicles and even windblown dust and wildfires. It can be divided into particulate and gaseous pollutants. Particulate pollutants consist largely of dust and smoke. Gaseous pollutants are caused by the burning of fuels (wood, oil, coal) and consist mostly of sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide etc. Ever since the passenger vehicle was invented, air pollution has been an escalating worry. In the U.S. there is approximately 770 cars per 1000 ...
Within hours of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham issued three orders: shut down all nuclear power plants, ensure the security of nuclear fuel supplies, and stop all shipments of nuclear material. Nuclear power plants were soon allowed to resume operation, but Abraham said the transport of nuclear fuel and waste would remain halted until further announcement. [1]. A public announcement was never made. But sometime in the days after Sept. 11, the Department of Energy (DOE) allowed nuclear fuel and waste shipments to resume, only to again suspend them for fear of terrorist reprisals after the start of U.S. air strikes in Afghanistan. And on Oct. 17, about five weeks after the attacks, DOE canceled a scheduled rail shipment of spent nuclear fuel from New York to Idaho for reasons described as "in the best interest" of the country. [2]. At first, DOE did not make public the decision to cancel the shipment, ...
B568 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thickness by X-Ray Spectrometry. B890 Standard Test Method for Determination of Metallic Constituents of Tungsten Alloys and Tungsten Hardmetals by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry. B953 Standard Practice for Sampling Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys for Spectrochemical Analysis. B954 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys by Atomic Emission Spectrometry. B985 Standard Practice for Sampling Aluminum Ingots, Billets, Castings and Finished or Semi-Finished Wrought Aluminum Products for Compositional Analysis. C125 Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. C1109 Standard Practice for Analysis of Aqueous Leachates from Nuclear Waste Materials Using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. C1111 Standard Test Method for Determining Elements in Waste Streams by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. C1254 Standard Test Method for Determination ...
The new count follows a report last summer that found more than two dozen cases of babies born with anencephaly and other neural tube defects in the region between 2010 and 2013.. Researchers found no geographic, seasonal or other type of pattern to the cases, Stahre said.. Medical records indicate low rates of folic acid vitamin supplementation in the region, which has been linked to anencephaly. Other studies have shown ties between the defect and exposure to molds and pesticides. Critics have said state and federal officials need to do detailed interviews and a thorough investigation of the central Washington cluster.. Many local residents are convinced that leaking tanks of nuclear waste from the regions nearby Hanford nuclear plant must be to blame, but Dr. Edith Cheng, a University Washington Medicine expert on birth defects, said there has not been a good evaluation of the plants impact on anencephaly or other problems.. Experts emphasize the need for all women of childbearing age to ...
Single crystal strontium titanate (SrTiO3) is used in the microelectronics industry as insulating layers in dynamic random access memories, ferroelectric thin film structures, and high-Tc superconductor devices. Strontium titanate and other titanate ceramics have also been proposed for immobilization of nuclear waste. In many of these applications, knowledge of dynamic recovery and nanostructure evolution is critical. The current work studied the response of ion-beam induced amorphous layers in SrTiO3 to electron beam (e-beam) irradiation. Amorphous surface layers were formed on single crystals of SrTiO3 by 1.0 MeV irradiation with gold ions at 400 K. The microstructural features, electron diffraction patterns, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images and recrystallization rates of the samples were determined at 300, 353 and 393 K using TEM. Following exposure of the amorphous layers to TEM e-beams, the amorphous thickness decreases with exposure time, indicating in-situ ...
How do you get rid of hundreds of tons of highly radioactive water? You dump it into the Pacific Ocean of course! In Japan, the Tokyo Electric Power Co. has made the "painful decision" to begin purposely dumping massive amounts of radioactive water currently being stored at the destroyed Fukushima nuclear facility directly into the Pacific. This is being done even though water radiation levels near Fukushima spiked to a brand new all-time record high just a few days ago. The radioactive material that is being released will enter our food chain and will potentially stay with us for decades to come. Fukushima is an environmental nightmare that never seems to end, but the mainstream media in the United States decided to pretty much stop talking about it long ago. So dont expect the big news networks to make a big deal out of the fact that Japan is choosing to use the Pacific Ocean as a toilet ...
Following up this article..11,000 people joined demonstration in front of official residence of JP PM. "Kanteimae" (=in front of the official residence of Japanese prime minister)demonstration was held on 6/22/2012. According to the organizer, 45,000 people joined, mass media reported it was 40,000 people. Metropolitan Police Department reported it to be 11,000 people.. The line of people reached 700m.. Mr. Higashihara, a Salaryman from Tsuchiura Ibaraki commented he knew the schedule of the demonstration on facebook. They havent even decided the way of processing nuclear waste, cant understand why they have to restart Ohi nuclear plant. He thought he should say something.. They are planning to collect 100,000 people for the next Friday.. NHK ignored this demonstration.. ...
There are numerous environmental issues in Russia. Many of the issues have been attributed to policies during the Soviet Union, a time when officials felt that pollution control was an unnecessary hindrance to economic development and industrialization . As a result, 40% of Russias territory began demonstrating symptoms of significant ecological stress by the 1990s, largely due to a diverse number of environmental issues, including deforestation, energy irresponsibility, pollution, and nuclear waste. According to Russias Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Russia is currently warming 2.5 times faster than the rest of the globe. Russia has many protected areas, such as zapovedniks and natural parks, which are made to preserve the natural state of environments. There are currently 101 zapovedniks that cover a total of over 33.5 million hectares. However, some animals, such as the Amur tiger, polar bear ,and Caucasian leopard, are facing extinction. The Russian government is ...
Assessment of waste management technology using BATNEEC options, technology quality method and multi-criteria analysis: ". http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.12.016. Abstract: Best Available Techniques Not Entailing Excessive Costs (BATNEEC) options, technology quality method and multi-criteria analysis were proposed as means of developing indices for evaluating municipal waste management systems. The proposed indices can be treated as a tool for ranking the system taking into account technical, environmental, economic, social and other objectives, bearing in mind specific features of the area involved. The analysis was made for three different incineration plants (Spittelau in Vienna, Warsaw and Tarnobrzeg) together with alternative waste disposal versions (with or without biogas burning and with MBP Mechanical-Biological Process) and the waste management infrastructure. The results showed that incineration of waste ...
Safety and efficacy issues are associated with reprocessing of single-use electrosurgical pencils (EPs), requiring methods for assessing the reprocessing protocol before clinical reuse. This study aimed at monitoring the surface characteristics of single-use EPs subjected to multiple clinical use and in-hospital reprocessing. A total of 24 single-use-labeled EPs were divided in five test groups and one control group. The test groups were subjected to a different number of clinical uses, ranging from one to five. A multitechnique approach based on optical stereomicroscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was applied. The silicon coating of the tip was significantly reduced, and foreign bodies were occasionally found on reprocessed EPs. The amount of biological debris and chemical residuals increased with the number of reprocessing cycles in critical areas. The ...
Olympus University is pleased to present an innovative training program on Surgical Endoscope Reprocessing. The Surgical Endoscope Reprocessing Trainer program is designed to provide Olympus surgical endoscope customers with the tools and information necessary to establish training protocols and quality assurance programs for endoscope reprocessing within their hospital or region. It also provides detailed training on endoscope handling, care and maintenance and reprocessing of flexible, semi-rigid and rigid surgical endoscopes. This program is conducted in our training facility in Richmond Hill. Attendees are eligible for continuous learning hours if this course relates to your specialty ...
Olympus University proudly presents Endoscopy Reprocessing Specialist Course. This one-day course is available to GI/Pulmonary nurses and reprocessing technicians who are interested in thoroughly understanding the procedures for endoscope care and reprocessing. Participants will learn to recognize the important processes required for precleaning, leakage testing, manual cleaning, manual high level disinfection, endoscope handling and storage of Olympus endoscopes. Overview of Endoscope Mechanics and nomenclature of endoscopes will also be discussed. Hands-on training for reprocessing Olympus GI & Pulmonary endoscopes will be provided. ...
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This report is a result of a small survey conducted in 2002 by UNEP IETC in cooperation with the ASEAN Working Group for Multilateral Environmental Agreements (AWGMEA). The survey was undertaken to prepare a background paper on waste management in the sub-region prior to the holding in Kuala Lumpur in October 2002 of an ASEAN High Level Consultation Meeting. The focus is to deliberate on a proposal to establish a regional framework for collaboration in sustainable integrated waste management. This is a joint publication of UNEP IETC and the ASEAN Secretariat. It is envisaged to be a reference for planning, programming and policy reviews on waste management in each member state of ASEAN. It is also planned to be updated every two years so that it can serve as a supplement to the GEO, a biennial publication of UNEP, on the specialized area of waste management.. ...
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This invention relates generally to processes for the separation of noble gases and more specifically to processes for the separation of xenon from a gaseous mixture containing krypton. Fluorine is added to the mixture and the resulting mixture then irradiated with light of about 250-370 nm to form crystals of xenon difluoride. The unreacted gases are removed and the remaining crystals are decomposed, typically by thermal means, to yield xenon and fluorine gas. The xenon gas may be easily isolated by conventional means from the fluorine gas. Krypton may also be easily isolated from the remaining gases by conventional means. The process is particularly applicable to the treatment of off gases from a nuclear reactor or reprocessing plant.*Patent applications
To evaluate the transfer of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon (14C) to top predators in the UK marine environment, 14C activities were examined in stranded marine mammals. All samples of harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) obtained from the Irish Sea showed 14C enrichment above background. Mammal samples obtained from the West of Scotland, including harbour porpoise, grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) and harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) showed 14C enrichment but to a lesser extent. This study demonstrates, for the first time, enriched 14C is transferred through the marine food web to apex predators as a consequence of ongoing nuclear reprocessing activities at Sellafield. Total Sellafield 14C discharge activity 24 months prior to stranding and, in particular, distance of animal stranding site from Sellafield are significant variables affecting individual 14C activity. 14C activities of West of Scotland harbour porpoises suggest they did not forage in the Irish Sea prior to stranding, indicating a high ...
Shinichi Ogawa and Michael Schiffer Ever since it was attacked with nuclear weapons six decades ago, Japan has been at the forefront of international nonproliferation efforts. Yet, as the world has focused recently on the dangers posed by some elements of the civilian nuclear power industry, Japan has found itself in the crosshairs of proliferation concerns.. The international community has focused particularly on Japans planned plutonium reprocessing facility in Rokkasho-mura, which is scheduled to begin operating as early as July 2006. It would be the first active, civilian reprocessing facility in a non-nuclear-weapon state. It would also be one of the first and largest of such facilities to come online since President George W. Bush and Mohamed ElBaradei, director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), called for limits on the construction of new plutonium reprocessing or uranium-enrichment facilities. These facilities can be used to develop nuclear fuel for civilian ...
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Dec 21, 2014 Nuclear energy could help stem climate change, but economic conditions arent favorable for many existing nuclear power plants. ...
Another benefit of fertile conversion is that not all of the plutonium produced in the fuel is fissioned before the fuel is discharged. The residual plutonium at discharge (typically about 1% of the heavy metal mass) can potentially be recovered in reprocessing and either recycled in a thermal reactor (as is the case today in France) or in a fast reactor. Thermal reactor plutonium recycle as Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel gives approximately a 15% increase in the energy recovered from the original uranium ore. On the other hand, plutonium recycle in a fast reactor gives the possibility of much higher energy recovery in a breeding cycle, with the possibility of a fully self-sustained fuel cycle with minimal uranium ore input required. In principle, it is possible to attain about a 50 to 100-fold improvement in the energy extracted from uranium ore. This is the justification for fast reactors, which would allow a country to be strategically independent of the uranium market. However, the practical ...
Polyeco, having many years of experience, specialization and know-how in waste management, further develops its investment activity with an international project on the management of hazardous waste disposal facilities in Mauritius, Africa.. More specifically, following the successful completion of two environmental rehabilitation projects in the Mauritian state, Polyeco has gained the trust of local authorities, with its responsibility and effectiveness, thus succeeded in the international tender for the organization of a hazardous waste storage facility, carried out by the Mauritian Government along with the participation of many companies from around the world. The budget of the project amounts to approximately EUR 7 million with significant benefits to the local economy as well as to the environment.. The project concerns the operation of a hazardous ...
Disposal of food waste is a huge concern in the society. Improper disposal brings serious pollution and causes tremendous nutrition loss. Considering the low osmotic pressure which is caused by high concentration of salt and sugar in food waste, survivability of the microbes and their efficiency during decomposition of the waste are significantly affected by this hypertonic environment. Our team aims to improve the survivability of the microbes and their decomposition efficiency in lower osmotic pressure conditions. Thus, we planned to transfer salt resistant genes into the functional microbes. In this research, we modified the yeast, specifically saccharomycetes cerevisiae, by inserting the E. coli glutamate synthase (gltB) gene and trehalose synthesis related genes (ScTPS1 and SpTPS1) into it, to make the yeast not only can decompose the food waste efficiently but is able to resist low osmotic pressure. These genes help produce small ...
Hazardous household waste consists of materials that are toxic and should never be thrown in the garbage, dumped on land, or poured down the drain or sewer.. Many common household products contain hazardous chemicals that can pose a threat to living organisms if released into the environment, contaminating the air, water, and/or soil. Pesticides, fertilizers and other products can run off lawns and gardens into storm drains and streams, polluting fresh water. Solvents can escape into the atmosphere from the normal use of cleaners, paints and aerosol sprays, as well as accidental spills or improper disposal. Storing old chemicals around the house can be a potential fire hazard, as well as a potential threat to your children and pets.. ...
The significant generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a controversial global issue. Pyrolysis and gasification technologies for treating rejects from solid waste disposal sites (SWDSs), for which over 50 % of MSW is attributed to combustible species, have attracted considerable attention. MSW is an alternative energy source that can partly replace fossil resources; there is an increasing awareness that global warming caused by the utilization of fossil resources is occurring.. The goal of this thesis is to realize the efficient and rational utilization of MSW and decrease the harmful impact of pollutants, such as dioxin, HCl, and CO2, on the environment. To achieve this goal, some fundamental studies have been experimentally and numerically conducted to enhance the understanding of the properties of municipal solid waste thermal conversion.. In this thesis, the pyrolysis behaviors of single pelletized recovered fuel were tested. A detailed ...
Waste Management: **Waste management officers** are required to manage waste disposal and recycling facilities. They are also responsible for street cleaning and waste treatment…
Waste Management - Market Overview. Future Market Insights, in its recently published market research report, offers an in-depth analysis of the global food waste management market. As per the report, the food waste management market is expected to grow at a healthy CAGR through the forecast period, 2017-2027. Further, the report highlights critical market insights including, the current trends, opportunities, drivers, and restraints that are likely to influence the business strategies of established and new market entrants. The report provides detailed information related to the factors that are likely to influence the market dynamics in the future based on historical and current industrial observable trends. The report is a valuable source of information ...
IV WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND STRATEGIES. A. National. In the ASEAN countries, various regulations and standards have been introduced for waste management. Many have sewer-related laws, which cover wastewater quality regulations for sewerage systems. Town or City planning Acts and water pollution control laws are normally related to such sewerage acts. Examples of acts/laws relating to waste management include:. Country: Brunei Darussalam. ...
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No health risks have been demonstrated for static electric fields occurring in usual exposure situations that arise from direct current power lines. The static magnetic fields arising from direct current power lines are also harmless in usual exposure situations. The amendment to the 26th BImSchV made in August 2013 sets legal requirements for direct current plants in Germany. The limit value of 500 microtesla (0.5 millitesla) was selected so as to rule out interference effects on cardiac pacemakers from static magnetic fields.. In the medical sector, strong static magnetic fields of several tesla (i.e. several thousand millitesla) are used for imaging processes. In this sector, acute effects such as dizziness and nausea can occur both in patients and also in medical staff. By the way, the effects of low frequency fields differ greatly from those of high frequency fields. The latter are found for example around mobile communications ...
What is 1,1-Dichloroethylene? 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) is a man-made substance used to make fire retardant fibers and polyethylene food wraps. It is a clear, colorless, flammable liquid with a mild, sweet smell. Dichloroethylene evaporates quickly at room temperature and can pollute the air. When 1,1-DCE gets into water or on soil it evaporates quickly. However, in groundwater or soil, it breaks down very slowly. Most 1,1-DCE in the environment results from industrial use and improper disposal.
Studies performed on fly ash utilization in agriculture in agriculture and wasteland development reveal that mixing appropriate concentrations of fly ash with soil provides essential plant nutrients, modifies the soil texture, and helps to maintain soil texture; this can help improve both wasteland quality and improve agricultural productivity at the laboratory and field scale. However, its uncontrolled disbursement causes serious human and environmental health risk. This project was intended to discover cost effective remedial measures addressing the issues caused by the power plant in the Panki region of Kanpur. The three primary focuses of the project were (i) an assessment of human health and environmental degradation due to improper disposal of fly ash in Panki thermal power plant, Kanpur; (ii) demonstration of the reclamation of the fly ash dumps by the suitable symbiotic fungi for use in floriculture and mushroom culture; (iii) an education and awareness program. ...
The Texas Medical Board has asked five abortion physicians to appear before a hearing on October 28 regarding multiple violations discovered during an undercover investigation of abortion clinics across the state. Operation Rescue led the three-month investigation into Texas abortion clinics, and these Medical Board complaints are likely the first of several to come. By using a combination of investigative techniques and direct legal action, Operation Rescue is making a real impact in the Life movement. They have been endorsed by several national Pro-Life organizations, and even pro-abortion group NARAL has admitted they are "relentless.". Operation Rescues Texas efforts unearthed multiple violations at all abortion clinics they investigated, including unsanitary clinic conditions, improper disposal of aborted baby remains, illegal dumping of confidential patient records, and violation of informed consent laws. Operation Rescue filed complaints against fourteen Texas abortionists based on their ...
Nuclear technicians work in the field of nuclear energy. Nuclear energy is produced from the splitting of atoms, a process called nuclear fission. Radioactivity is the spontaneous emission of energy and/or high-energy particles from the nuclei of atoms when they are split. In the United States, uranium-235 (U-235), found in the form of ore, is used as nuclear fuel.. The fission of U-235 releases several particles, which can then penetrate other U-235 nuclei, and so on. If this series of reactions occurs slowly, as it does in nuclear power plants, the energy emitted can be captured for a variety of uses such as providing electricity. In 2005 the United States Department of Energy reported in its Annual Energy Review that nuclear energy supplied 20 percent of Americas energy needs in the previous year. The radioactivity emitted during nuclear fission can also be an important tool in fields such as health and manufacturing. However, radioactivity can also damage human tissue. Moreover, if ...
Infectious anatomical waste is classified as hazardous/special waste.. You must store, transport and dispose of this waste as hazardous/special waste to make sure you do not cause a risk to human health or the environment. You are committing an offence if you do not follow the regulations for dealing with hazardous/special waste.. Hazardous/special waste. You must not mix hazardous/special waste with your other waste or with other types of hazardous/special waste. Segregate your waste so that different wastes types do not get contaminated.. Segregating your waste. You must complete consignment notes for any ...
Article Technical and Economical Selection of Optimum Transfer-Transport Method in Solid Waste Management in Metropolitan Cities. Transfer-transport of the waste is one of key functional elements in solid waste management from technical and financi...
In Sweden and in many other countries, a bentonite barrier will be used in the repository for spent nuclear fuel. In the event of canister failure, colloidal diffusion is a potential, but scarcely studied mechanism of radionuclide migration through the bentonite barrier. Column and in situ experiments are vital in understanding colloid diffusion and in providing information about the microstructure of compacted bentonite and identifying cut-off limits for colloid filtration. This study examined diffusion of negatively charged 2-, 5-, and 15-nm gold colloids in 4-month diffusion experiments using MX-80 Wyoming bentonite compacted to dry densities of 0.6-2.0 g/cm3. Breakthrough of gold colloids was not observed in any of the three diffusion experiments. In a gold-concentration profile analysis, colloid diffusion was only observed for the smallest gold colloids at the lowest dry density used (estimated apparent diffusivity Da ...
Tecam Group - Waste Incineration Systems by Tecam Group. Waste incineration systems for Medical Waste, Hazardous Waste, Solid Waste, Liquid Waste, NORM Waste, Sludge, etc. Waste valorisation is a common and necessary practice to treat, recycle and gi...
Savannah River National Laboratory researcher Robert Sindelar has begun a two-month assignment in Japan as a U.S. Embassy Science Fellow.. He will be hosted by the Japan Ministry of Environment as part of the Japan-U.S. cooperation framework for decontamination efforts in the Fukushima region. He will provide technical expertise and suggestions based on U.S. experience and collective SRS and SRNL expertise, and will interact with other scientists working in the field.. He has previously participated in a National Laboratory expert team workshop with Japanese organizations to discuss high-priority tasks for cleanup of the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, delivering presentations on relevant experience in water decontamination, corrosion control and leak repair technologies.. Sindelar has 28 years of research and development experience in nuclear science and is internationally recognized for his work in spent nuclear fuel management, water decontamination, aging effects and aging ...
We offer comprehensive industrial waste management services, including hazardous waste. We collect and transport waste products made in different production cycles and transfer them for utilisation in different installations across the whole Europe. The legal base for our services comprises permits by the Mayor of Poznań ratifying the programme of hazardous waste management and allowing for operations across Poland.. We are open to our clients needs. We offer support in the form of both, consulting and physical realisation of given tasks, which include:. ...
Waste Management is located at 2265 Jimmy Durante Blvd Del Mar, CA 92014. Leave a rating for Waste Management. Get more information and find Del Mar area Waste Recycling - Industrial at INDUSTRIAL-WASTE-RECYCLING-SERVICES.CMAC.WS. Manage and control your companys online reputation, update contact information and include personalized details.
By Adnan Prekic - Podgorica Waste management is one of the biggest environmental problems in Montenegro. Apart from the capital Podgorica, almost every other city in Montenegro is having problems with the storage of waste. Therefore, the recycling industry is one of the very few that has great potential. Montenegro is recycling only 5% of the waste, while the European average is above 50%. The problem of solid waste management has been recognized in the EU accession process. The Montenegrin Government therefore prepared an action plan, acconrding to which, by 2020 it plans to fulfill the obligations of recycling 50 percent of the total amount of paper and cardboard, plastic, metal and glass from waste and other sources that generate wastes similar to municipal waste. Part of European legislation defining the responsibilities when it comes to the amount of waste that needs to ...
Legislation for Solid Waste Management: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9610-5.ch002: The legal and institutional framework, as well as the international trends in solid waste management, serves as the basis for the formulation of a policy
The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) has once again put together a fantastic report regarding water contamination near coal ash disposal sites. Last year, the EIP released several reports showing that drinking water near coal ash disposal sites in states across America contained dangerous levels of heavy metals and other toxins, including arsenic. In total, last years report revealed 53 sites in the United States where coal ash had polluted drinking water supplies. The new report has identified a total of 116 coal ash sites in America that are leaching deadly toxins into the environment. The new EIP report resulted from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the EPA, which revealed that 49 different coal-fired power plants acknowledged that their own testing showed that groundwater pollution around their disposal sites far exceeded the federally acceptable levels. Among the chemicals reported to exceed federal standards at the coal-fired plants disposal sites are:
This Position Statement from the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) and the European Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates (ESGENA) sets standards for the reprocessing of flexible endoscopes and endoscopic devices used in gastroenterology. An expert working group of gastroenterologists, endoscopy nurses, chemists, microbiologists, and industry representatives provides updated recommendations on all aspects of reprocessing in order to maintain hygiene and infection control.. ...
Global Industry Analysis Medical Waste Management Market Size, Share, Growth and Forecast 2012 - 2018. Medical Waste Management Market Will Reach USD 20.1 Billion Globally in 2019.
efination and Genreation . Biomedical waste management practices in a tertiary-care hospital Background: Biomedical waste (BMW) has recently emerged as an issue of major concern not only to hospitals and nursing homes, but also to the Comparing the Biomedical Waste Management Practices in Major 7 Mar 2015 Purpose: Biomedical waste (BMW) management seems to be neglected and usually .. Council of Medical Research as a part of MD/MS thesis. What impacts can be studied of medical waste on soil, water I am writing the bachelor thesis Environmental aspects of medical waste management and need to write about impacts of medical waste on environment, but title of the thesis - UWSpace - University of Waterloo Biomedical wastes are known to contain infectious, toxic and radioactive This thesis is dedicated to my two wonderful children, Seaenna and ...
For the respect of our environment, the basic 3Rs rule (reduce, reuse, recycle) should prevail as a prevention instead of curing. Today treatment of hazardous waste includes biological treatment, chemical oxidation and reduction, neutralisation, stabilisation, incineration and energy recovery prior to landfill.. The role that combustion plays in hazardous waste management has changed dramatically over the past two decades. The recognition that land disposal of hazardous waste could present long-term pollution problems and the development of low emission incinerators prompted combustion to become the preferred method of waste management.. The increased use of incinerators to dispose of hazardous waste raised concerns about the proper role of combustion in waste management, as ...
This Industrial Bioprocessing TOE features innovations in fish waste management. Growing interest in management of fish waste is driven by the huge volumes of fish waste generated and the desire to create value added products from the same. Fish waste ut
A new study details how scientists developed the conceptual nuclear reactor design of high plutonium breeding by light water cooling, which may help advanced countries meet the growth rate of energy demand.. Professor Okas research team succeeded to develop the conceptual nuclear reactor design of high plutonium breeding by light water cooling for the first time in the world. He devised a new fuel assembly where fuel rods are closely packed for reducing reactor coolant to fuel volume fraction for high breeding. With computational analysis he succeeded high plutonium breeding with light water cooling. The study will open the way of commercialization of fast reactor and nuclear fuel cycle for peaceful use of nuclear energy based on the mature light water cooling technologies. The result of the study was published in January issue of "Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology" of Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ) , entitled "Plutonium breeding of light water cooled fast ...
Residential Customers: Car batteries, tires, pool chemicals, oil, oil filters, drums, tanks, paint, refrigerators, air conditioners or any other special waste is not allowed to be thrown away as solid waste. No dirt, rock, brick or concrete is allowed in your receptacles or bins ...
Small quantity generator guide to dealing with hazardous waste and vendors that accept wastes - Local Hazardous Waste Management Program in King County
Waste Removal Detroit MI is brought to you by Safeway Environmental Services servicing the Detroit MI area. Contact us today for more information on the hazardous and industrial waste removal services we provide! Safeway Environmental Services specialize in both hazardous and non-hazardous waste removal, recycling and disposal.
Waste costs the National Health Service (NHS) £71.2 million in 2007/2008; recycling all papers, newspapers and cardboard produced by the NHS in England and Wales could save up to 42,000 tonnes of CO2. As the largest employer in the UK, the NHS is in a prime position to both lead the way towards a sustainable future, but also act as a test bed for organizational change and provide evidence of what works at an individual level to change attitudes and behavior. However these require changes in mindset, including values, attitudes, norms and behaviors which are required along with clear definitions of the problems faced in terms of economics, society and culture. Initial investigations of the literature indicate that behavior change theory may provide a feasible means of achieving constructive changes in clinical waste management; such approaches require further investigation. This paper describes a feasibility study designed to examine issues that might affect the introduction ...

Radioactive waste and pollution from Indian Point - RiverkeeperRadioactive waste and pollution from Indian Point - Riverkeeper

As a matter of regular operation, radioactive waste is emitted. ... It doesnt take an accident at Indian Point to release ... Radioactive releases result from plant accidents and accidents happen. On February 15, 2000, IP-2 suffered a ruptured steam ... Report: Reducing the Hazards from Stored Spent Power-Reactor Fuel in the United States ... Radioactive Waste and Pollution. Radioactive Waste and Pollution. Every exposure to radiation increases the risk of damage to ...
more infohttps://www.riverkeeper.org/campaigns/stop-polluters/indian-point/radioactive-waste/

DEIS, Impact Measures of Low Level Radioactive Waste DisposalDEIS, Impact Measures of Low Level Radioactive Waste Disposal

Keywords: doses, health hazards, radioactive effluents, radioactive release, radioactive waste storage.. *Home ... DEIS calculates the impact measures associated with the management of low-level radioactive waste. Three phases of waste ... DEIS, Impact Measures of Low Level Radioactive Waste Disposal. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM, COMPUTER, DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM ... Requirements for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste".. NUREG-0782, Vol. 4 (September 1981) ...
more infohttp://www.oecd-nea.org/tools/abstract/detail/ccc-0455/

EnglishEnglish

Radioactive Hazard Release [‎1]‎. Radioactive Waste [‎2]‎. Radioactivity [‎6]‎. Radiotherapy [‎1]‎. Recycling [‎1]‎. ...
more infohttps://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/handle/10665/107132/browse?locale-attribute=en&etal=-1&type=mesh&starts_with_previous=D&starts_with=R&rpp=20&order=ASC&sort_by=-1

中文中文

Radioactive Hazard Release [‎1]‎. Radioactive Waste [‎2]‎. Refugees [‎21]‎. Regional Health Planning [‎58]‎. ...
more infohttps://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/handle/10665/107132/browse?locale-attribute=zh&etal=-1&starts_with_previous=M&type=mesh&starts_with=R&rpp=20&order=ASC&sort_by=-1

Beyond Nuclear - Radioactive Waste Whats New - Dr. Gordon Thompsons devastating critique of NRCs HLRW storage pool fire...Beyond Nuclear - Radioactive Waste What's New - Dr. Gordon Thompson's 'devastating critique' of NRC's HLRW storage pool fire...

Alvarez also published a May 2011 report on the hazards of high-density pool storage across the U.S., in the aftermath of the ... NRC unsuccessfully attempted to block the security-redacted public release of NASs findings. ... Thompson makes clear that a partial drain down of a high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) storage pool is an even worse-case ... NRC attempting to race through Nuke Waste Con Game revision; public comments will be needed this fall , Main , Back-to-back ...
more infohttp://www.beyondnuclear.org/radioactive-waste-whatsnew/2013/8/2/dr-gordon-thompsons-devastating-critique-of-nrcs-hlrw-storag.html

Federal Register
       :: 
      Biweekly Notice; Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses Involving No...Federal Register :: Biweekly Notice; Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses Involving No...

... and do not alter the flow path or method of disposal of radioactive waste or byproducts. Therefore, the proposed changes do not ... No significant hazards consideration comments received: No. Start Signature. Dated at Rockville, Maryland, this 6th day of ... Additionally, there is no change in the types or increases in the amounts of any effluent that may be released off-site and ... The notice content was the same as above. They were published as individual notices either because time did not allow the ...
more infohttps://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2007/02/13/E7-2323/biweekly-notice-applications-and-amendments-to-facility-operating-licenses-involving-no-significant

Pramana - Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of SciencesPramana - Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

One of the main concerns about the currentworking on nuclear power reactors is the potential hazard of their radioactive waste ... Reactors will release nuclear energy through microexplosions that occur in a mixture of hydrogen isotopes of deuterium and ... The kinematic study of the main mechanism of the energy gain-loss term, which may disturb the ignition and burn process, was ... However, there exist radiological hazards due to the accumulation of tritium in the blanket layer. A catalytic fusion reaction ...
more infohttps://www.ias.ac.in/listing/articles/pram/083/03

WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Public health implications of radioactive waste releases /WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Public health implications of radioactive waste releases /

WA 788 2000IN Safety of radioactive waste management : WA 788 2002IM The revised GESAMP hazard evaluation procedure for ... Public health implications of radioactive waste releases / WA 788 70ST RUS Public health implications of radioactive waste ... Public health implications of radioactive waste releases / C. P. Straub. By: Straub, Conrad P Contributor(s): World Health ... Santé publique et rejets de déchets radio-actifs Subject(s): Radioactive waste , Radiation protectionNLM classification: WA 788 ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=12153&shelfbrowse_itemnumber=18973

WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Public health implications of radioactive waste releases /WHO HQ Library catalog › Details for: Public health implications of radioactive waste releases /

WA 788 2002IM The revised GESAMP hazard evaluation procedure for chemical substances carried by ships / WA 788 2003IM Report of ... Public health implications of radioactive waste releases / WA 788 70ST RUS Public health implications of radioactive waste ... Public health implications of radioactive waste releases / C. P. Straub. By: Straub, Conrad P Contributor(s): World Health ... Santé publique et rejets de déchets radio-actifs Subject(s): Radioactive waste , Radiation protectionNLM classification: WA 788 ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=12153&shelfbrowse_itemnumber=18976

Dont compare Fukushima to Chernobyl | New ScientistDon't compare Fukushima to Chernobyl | New Scientist

Radioactive fission products were released and hydrogen was generated by chemical reaction. The reactor containments were ... Severe potential hazards did exist on the reactor sites because of high levels of radiation, but health controls were mainly ... Chernobyl was the worst that could happen. Safety and protection systems failed and there was a full core meltdown in a reactor ... and the release of caesium-137, the next most important fission product, was less than 15 per cent of the Chernobyl total. ...
more infohttps://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328566-500-dont-compare-fukushima-to-chernobyl/

Beyond Nuclear - TritiumBeyond Nuclear - Tritium

... and permitted releases of tritium and other radioactive hazards with its waste water into its cooling water supply, in this ... Brad Sylvesters article "Vermont Yankees Radioactive Waste Likely Leaching into Connecticut River," posted at ... Tritium is radioactive hydrogen and is widely used in the manufacture of nuclear weapons. It is also found int the discharge ... The Vermont Natural Resources Council, which was instrumental in passing a 2008 Vermont state law that recognizes groundwater ...
more infohttp://www.beyondnuclear.org/tritium/?currentPage=5

Nuclear transmutation - WikipediaNuclear transmutation - Wikipedia

... nuclear transmutation has been considered as a possible mechanism for reducing the volume and hazard of radioactive waste. The ... This releases, on average, 3 neutrons and a large amount of energy. The released neutrons then cause fission of other uranium ... This does not rule-out the need for a Deep Geological Repository (DGR) for High radioactive Level Waste (HLW).) When irradiated ... The feat was popularly known as "splitting the atom," although it was not the modern nuclear fission reaction discovered in ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_transmutation

Another Book About the Hazards of Nuclear Radiaton. Read It. Weep. Take Action. Janette D. Sherman M.D., 05-31-10Another Book About the Hazards of Nuclear Radiaton. Read It. Weep. Take Action. Janette D. Sherman M.D., 05-31-10

The Chernobyl fallout was made up of "hot particles" formed when the reactor exploded, releasing not only radioactive gases and ... There is as yet no place to store radioactive waste, and that includes plutonium and other radioactive elements that will not ... The radiation released from the explosion of the fourth reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on April 26, 1986 was ... Children have been most seriously affected -- before the radioactive Chernobyl releases, 80% of children in Belarus and Ukraine ...
more infohttps://www.ratical.org/radiation/Chernobyl/NuRadHazardsBk.html

Nuclear Fuel Services Erwin plant (Tennessee, USA) - Current IssuesNuclear Fuel Services Erwin plant (Tennessee, USA) - Current Issues

The release ruptured the connective teflon tubing that was enclosed in braided stainless steel. When flame was observed the ... ATSDR releases draft Public Health Assessment finding No Apparent Public Health Hazard. ATSDR has evaluated the releases of ... contained inadequate instructions for disposition of radioactive wastes, specifically for handling radioactive waste ... it was discovered that the glass column was cracked and structural stability was in question.. The spilled material was a ...
more infohttp://www.wise-uranium.org/epnfs.html

CHERNOBYL:  THE TRUE SCALE OF THE ACCIDENT | Meetings Coverage and Press ReleasesCHERNOBYL: THE TRUE SCALE OF THE ACCIDENT | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases

The main potential hazard posed by the shelter is the possible collapse of its top structures and the release of radioactive ... Much of this waste was placed in temporary storage in trenches and landfills that do not meet current waste safety requirements ... to ensure application of consistent management and capacity for all types of radioactive waste. Waste storage and disposal must ... Radioactive iodine, rapidly absorbed from grasses and animal feed into milk, was an early concern and elevated levels were seen ...
more infohttps://www.un.org/press/en/2005/dev2539.doc.htm

Mississippi - Infinite UnknownMississippi - Infinite Unknown

PORT GIBSON - An unknown amount of radioactive water was released accidentally into the Mississippi River late last week at the ... The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is investigating the incident, but suggests the release poses no public health hazard. ... Radioactive water released into river at Grand Gulf (The Natchez Democrat - May 4): ... The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is investigating a radioactive release into the Mississippi River from the Grand Gulf Nuclear ...
more infohttps://infiniteunknown.net/tag/mississippi/

PowerPedia:Nuclear power - PESwiki.comPowerPedia:Nuclear power - PESwiki.com

There was an error working with the wiki: Code[9]. plants, that it releases much less radioactive waste than coal power, and ... particularly when compared with the hazards of other pollutants from coal burning. ... Much low-level waste releases very low levels of radioactivity and is essentially considered radioactive waste because of its ... There was an error working with the wiki: Code[43]. of the radioactive There was an error working with the wiki: Code[183]. s ...
more infohttps://peswiki.com/powerpedia:nuclear-power

SHERM Research - SHERM - Safety, Health, Environment, and Risk Management - UTHealthSHERM Research - SHERM - Safety, Health, Environment, and Risk Management - UTHealth

Release of bacterial aerosols during infectious waste compaction: an initial hazard evaluation for health care workers. Am Ind ... Low-level Radioactive Waste Disposal Availability Adequate in Short Term, but Oversight Needed to Identify Any Future ... Retention and subsequent release of radioactivity from the incineration of waste containing microspheres. Health Phys 59: 911- ... How the University of Texas system responded to the need for interim storage of low-level radioactive waste materials. Health ...
more infohttps://www.uth.edu/safety/sherm/sherm-research.htm

Bioremediation of radioactive waste - WikipediaBioremediation of radioactive waste - Wikipedia

... heat released and half-life of the radionuclides: Exempt waste (EW): Waste that meets the criteria for exclusion from ... Radioactive contamination is a potential danger for living organisms and results in external hazards, concerning radiation ... that may also contain other hazardous waste. Low level waste (LLW): Waste that is above clearance levels and requires robust ... Bioremediation of radioactive waste or bioremediation of radionuclides is an application of bioremediation based on the use of ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioremediation_of_radioactive_waste

Japan warns of radiation leak from quake-hit plants - ReutersJapan warns of radiation leak from quake-hit plants - Reuters

Water containing radioactive material was released into the sea, but without an adverse effect on human health or the ... It said the sector began putting more emphasis on external hazards after an earthquake hit TEPCOs Kashiwazaki-Kariwa plant in ... At one of them, the Daiichi plant, pressure was set to released soon, which could result in a radiation leak, officials said. ... Preparatory work for the releasing of the pressure was expected to take time, Kyodo reported. Radiation levels outside the main ...
more infohttps://www.reuters.com/article/us-japan-quake-reactor/japan-warns-of-radiation-leak-from-quake-hit-plants-idUSTRE72A2NR20110312

The Problems with Nuclear Power | Stop New NuclearThe Problems with Nuclear Power | Stop New Nuclear

For example, La Hague, France, discharges more radioactive krypton-85 gas into the air in one year than was released by the ... Nuclear waste can remain dangerous for tens of thousands of years and constitutes a life-threatening hazard because of its ... Radioactive waste is also released into the environment at every stage of the fuel cycle. ... Radioactive waste is dangerous not only now, but some remains dangerous virtually forever. Each type of radioactive isotope ...
more infohttps://stopnewnuclear.org.uk/node/18

20th Century radioactive IV treatment - Stock Image C023/3935 - Science Photo Library20th Century radioactive IV treatment - Stock Image C023/3935 - Science Photo Library

However, as this preparation contains the highly radioactive elements selenium, radium and actinium it is a toxic health hazard ... During the early 20th Century, radiation was considered the ultimate health cure. ... 20th Century radioactive IV treatment. Box containing an early 20th Century preparation of selenium for intravenous (IV) ... Release details: Model release not required. Property release not required. Keywords: 1900s, 20th century, actinium, box, boxed ...
more infohttp://www.sciencephoto.com/media/640803/view/20th-century-radioactive-iv-treatment

Geosciences  | Free Full-Text | About the Possibility of Disposal of HLRW in Deep Boreholes in Germany | HTMLGeosciences | Free Full-Text | About the Possibility of Disposal of HLRW in Deep Boreholes in Germany | HTML

Furthermore, the operational safety of emplacement, the retrieval of waste and sealing of the boreholes is discussed. It is ... Using deep boreholes for the final disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) can take advantage of multiple geologic ... Hazards. Hazardous incidents during the operational phase might cause significant releases of radionuclides. Whereas volcanoes ... The German Commission on "Storage of high-level radioactive waste", which was active from 2014 to 2016 [8], requested a study ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/2076-3263/7/3/58/htm
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