The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Financial support of research activities.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Those individuals engaged in research.
Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.
Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
A group of techniques developed to apply scientific methods and tools to solve the problems of DECISION MAKING in complex organizations and systems. Operations research searches for optimal solutions in situations of conflicting GOALS and makes use of mathematical models from which solutions for actual problems may be derived. (From Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.
Efforts to reduce risk, to address and reduce incidents and accidents that may negatively impact healthcare consumers.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Human experimentation that is intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed.
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.
A plant genus of the family ARALIACEAE. Ciwujia extract, which is prepared from plants of this genus, contains ciwujianosides and is used to enhance PHYSICAL ENDURANCE.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
A measure of PATIENT SAFETY considering errors or mistakes which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of procedures or the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings and preventable accidents involving patients.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing organs or tissue for future use.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
The interactions between physician and patient.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
"Prostitution and the Invisibility of Harm". Prostitiution Research & Education. Retrieved 10 April 2018 ... Prostitution Research & Education. Retrieved on 2009-09-03. *^ "It's Wrong to Pay for Sex". Connecticut Public Radio. 5 August ... 2013). Selling Sex: Experience, Advocacy, and Research on Sex Work in Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press. ISBN 9780774824484. .. ... Prostitution can only further harm Aboriginal women.[29] Outlawing of buying sexual services[edit]. See also: Prostitution law ...
Gale Research Co. p. 617. ISBN 978-0-8103-0196-2. Retrieved 29 April 2013. Dr. Van Eeden was an author and physician who sat ... Harms, R. (n.d.). "Polysomnography (sleep study). Definition". Retrieved April 21, 2014.. ... Scientific research[edit]. In 1968, Celia Green analyzed the main characteristics of such dreams, reviewing previously ... In his phenomenological research, he outlined an epistemological frame using critical realism.[33] Tholey instructed his ...
Gale Research Co. p. 617. ISBN 978-0-8103-0196-2. . Archived from the original on 20 March 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2013. Dr. ... Harms, R. (n.d.). "Polysomnography (sleep study). Definition". Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 21 ... "Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research. 26. Archived from the original on 2019-10-08. Retrieved 2007-06-06.. ... Scientific research[edit]. In 1968, Celia Green analyzed the main characteristics of such dreams, reviewing previously ...
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What Harm Could Exotic Bumblebees Do in Australia? - a report by Australian Native Bee Research Centre ... Global Environmental Research: 51-66. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-22.. ... Research published in 2015 showed that bees prefer solutions containing neonicotinoids, even though the consumption of these ...
"Do Global Trade Distortions Still Harm Developing Country Farmers?" (PDF). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3901. ... Committee on Forestry Research, National Research Council (1990). Forestry Research: A Mandate for Change. National Academies ... Geophysical Research Abstracts. 7: 11082.. *^ Greene, Nathanael (December 2004). "How biofuels can help end America's energy ... Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 26 September 2013.. *^ Rebecca White (2007). "Carbon governance from a systems ...
"Genome Research. 15 (3): 385-92. arXiv:q-bio/0404040. doi:10.1101/gr.3133605. PMC 551565. PMID 15741509.. ... Harms MJ, Thornton JW (August 2013). "Evolutionary biochemistry: revealing the historical and physical causes of protein ...
Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation Research. The Sources and Potential Hazards of Mutagens in Complex Environmental Matrices ... Johnsen, A. R.; Wick, L. Y.; Harms, H. (2005). "Principles of microbial PAH-degradation in soil". Environmental Pollution. 133 ... "Cancer Research. 68 (17): 6863-6872. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-2852. ISSN 0008-5472. PMC 2583449. PMID 18757397.. ... Marine Environmental Research. 65 (2): 171-186. doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2007.10.001. ISSN 0141-1136. PMID 18023473.. ...
Can GM crops harm the environment? [online]. National Environment Research Council (NERC) [cit. 2011-06-16]. Dostupné v archivu ... Knockout Mice [online]. Nation Human Genome Research Institute, 2009. Dostupné online. (anglicky). Je zde použita šablona {{ ... Genetic Enhancement [online]. National Human Genome Research Institute. Dostupné online. (anglicky). Je zde použita šablona {{ ...
"Waste Management & Research. 25: 489-501. doi:10.1177/0734242x07082028 - via SagePub.. *^ Prashant, Nitya (20 August 2008). " ... When not properly recycled it can leach into the soil, harming microorganisms and disrupting the soil ecosystem. Exposure is ... European Centre for Research, Training and Development UK. December 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 May 2015.. ... Most research involving informal e-waste recycling has been done in Guiyu, but there are a handful of studies that describe ...
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded ... Harm Dotinga; Barbara Kwiatkowska (30 November 2001). International Organizations and the Law of the Sea: Documentary Yearbook ... he served as a member of the research and advisory council of the National Geophysical Research Institute, the boards of ... His studies and researches have been documented by way of a number peer-reviewed articles; ResearchGate, an online repository ...
Baptist, Martin J.; Penning, W. Ellis; Duel, Harm; Smits, Antonius J. M.; Geerling, Gertjan W.; Van Der Lee, Guda E. M.; Van ... Choné, G.; Biron, P. M. (2016). "Assessing the relationship between river mobility and habitat". River Research and ... Cluer, B.; Thorne, C. (2014). "A Stream Evolution Model Integrating Habitat and Ecosystem Benefits". River Research and ... River Research and Applications. 29 (8): 1030-1041. doi:10.1002/rra.2589. Dixon, S.J.; Sear, D.A. (2014). "The influence of ...
"COPD Research and Practice. 3. doi:10.1186/s40749-017-0024-y.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Vestbo ... Infliximab, an immune-suppressing antibody, has been tested in COPD; there was a possibility of harm with no evidence of ... Research[edit]. See also: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Mass spectrometry is being studied as a ... "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 6 (1): 209-24. doi:10.3390/ijerph6010209. PMC 2672326. PMID ...
"Cyberbullying Research Summary - Cyberbullying and Suicide" (PDF). Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved 3 July 2012.. ... Antidepressants may be effective.[1] Often, SSRIs are used instead of TCAs as the latter typically have greater harm in ... Although research is largely in favor of the use of antidepressants for the treatment of suicidal ideation, in some cases ... After the patient passes the evaluation, they are often asked to consent to a "no-harm contract". This is a contract formulated ...
Heukelbach, Jörg; Wilcke, Thomas; Harms, Gundel; Feldmeier, Hermann (2005). "Seasonal variation of tungiasis in an endemic ... Parasitology Research. 101 (Suppl 2): S233-42. doi:10.1007/s00436-007-0683-8. PMID 17823833. Eisele, Margit; Heukelbach, Jörg; ... Parasitology Research. 90 (2): 87-99. doi:10.1007/s00436-002-0817-y (inactive 2017-01-15). PMID 12756541. Muehlstaedt, M (2008 ... Parasitology Research. 113 (10): 3517-3533. doi:10.1007/s00436-014-4081-8. PMC 4172993 . PMID 25141814. Linardi, P. M.; ...
Harm Reduction Journal. 4 (1): 21. doi:10.1186/1477-7517-4-21. PMC 2245922. PMID 18072971. "The Riordan IVC Protocol for ... Riordan Clinic Research Institut. February 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014. Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) "High-Dose ...
174-6. Hollander, Harm W.; de Jonge, Marinus (1985). The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarches: a commentary. pp. XXII-XXIII. ... 3. Kugel 2006, p. 162. Kugel 2006, pp. 155-6. Kugel 2006, p. 167. ...
"Administer Naloxone". Harm Reduction Coalition. Clark AK, Wilder CM, Winstanley EL (2014). "A systematic review of community ... "ICRC Research Impact: Preventing Opioid Overdoses". Injury Prevention & Control. U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC). 2018- ... 136 of 140 organizations completed a survey for the Harm Reduction Coalition (HRC) in July 2014 that were known to provide ... West Virginia University Injury Control Research Center (WVU ICRC) researchers questioned whether these programs would work in ...
Schinas, Orestis; Ross, Harm Hauke; Rossol, Tobias Daniel (2018-12-01). "Financing green ships through export credit schemes". ... research effort is directed towards the development of shared economy and leasing business models, where benefits from reduced ... Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 77: 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2019.09.016. ISSN 1361-9209. Wind Ship ... Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 65: 300-311. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2018.08.013. ISSN 1361-9209. Schinas ...
"New Research Helps Explain Ritalin's Low Abuse Potential When Taken As Prescribed". 29 September 1998. Archived from ... Nutt D, King LA, Saulsbury W, Blakemore C (March 2007). "Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of ... Among countries with the highest rates of use of methylphenidate medication is Iceland, where research shows that the drug was ... Findings from this research unambiguously demonstrate that the cognition-enhancing effects of psychostimulants involve the ...
AMS was developed in the late 1970s from two distinct research threads with a common goal:[citation needed] an improvement in ... Harm Reduction Journal. 16 (1): 43. doi:10.1186/s12954-019-0308-4. ISSN 1477-7517. PMC 6617883. PMID 31288862. "European Union ... 1] Animal Testing Perspectives: Microdosing Fadiman, James (2016-01-01). "Microdose research: without approvals, control groups ... Research Resource at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,[citation needed] or through the development of smaller affordable ...
Harm Reduction Journal. 9(1):16 - via Research Gate. Ruiz Mitjana, Laura. "Lóbulo temporal: anatomía, funciones y ... Behavioural brain research. 2015;295:78-81. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2015.08.009. The medial temporal lobe memory system H. M.'s ... Research has shown that lesions in the hippocampus of monkeys results in limited impairment of function, whereas extensive ... April 2012). "Language Acquisition for Deaf Children: Reducing the Harms of Zero Tolerance to the Use of Alternative Approaches ...
In 2003 Harm and Society was established as an independent project of the organisation with the aim to "stimulate debate about ... 2007). Doing Research on Crime and Justice. Oxford University Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-19-928762-8 Criminal Justice Matters - ... "Harm and Society". Centre for Crime and Justice Studies. Retrieved 28 October 2010. Archived by WebCite on 28 October 2010. See ... "the long distance policy of the ISTD to effect the extension of research into various non-criminal fields of observation". The ...
It can happen that privacy is not harmed when information is available, but that the harm can come when that information is ... Hugl, Ulrike (2011), "Reviewing Person's Value of Privacy of Online Social Networking," Internet Research, 21(4), in press, ... The Invasion Paradigm defines privacy violation as the hostile actions of a wrongdoer who causes direct harm to an individual. ... The crime mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall be handled only upon complaint, except where serious harm is done to ...
"Is There Evidence for Potential Harm of Electronic Cigarette Use in Pregnancy?". Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and ... Cancer Research UK. "Cancer Research UK Briefing: Electronic Cigarettes" (PDF). Retrieved 20 March 2016. ... Harm reduction. Tobacco harm reduction (THR) is replacing tobacco cigarettes with lower risk products to reduce death and ... Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. 18 (10): 1926-1936. doi:10.1093/ntr/ ...
Previous research on early hominids is particularly identified with Mary Leakey and Louis Leakey, who were responsible for the ... de Blij, Harm. The World Today: Concepts and Regions in Geography 4th edition. Wiley Publishing: Hoboken, NJ "Kenya Tourism ... According to a 2013 survey by the Pew Research Center, 90% of Kenyans believe that homosexuality should not be accepted by ... A consortium led by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) has had some success in ...
Africa Research Ltd. 1986. p. 8187. Jan Harm Boer (2004). Muslims: why the violence?. Essence Pub. p. 30. ISBN 1-55306-719-3. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Africa research bulletin: Political series, Volume 23, Issues 1-11. ...
Since those problems are a huge obstacle, it is likely that such research will not be allowed, so we will never know. Rory Reid ... Flood, M. (2009). The Harms of Pornography Exposure Among Children and Young People. Child Abuse Review, 18, 384-400. doi: ... ISBN 978-0-8135-4388-8. Binik, Yitzchak M.; Mah, Kenneth; Kiesler, Sara (1999). "Ethical issues in conducting sex research on ... Obstacles to performing such research are insurmountable, so we will likely never know. According to the American Psychological ...
Aero Research Limited Araldite Redux Tego film Travis, A. S.; Harm G. Schröter (1998). Determinants in the Evolution of the ... Further research showed that gap-bridging hardeners incorporating formic acid enabled Aerolite to be used as an assembly ... Following the end of the war, in 1948 de Bruyne sold control of Aero Research to the Swiss company Ciba, but remained as ... Morris Motors used Aerolite and Aero Research's strip heating process to assemble Airspeed Horsa gliders, as did de Havilland ...
Since those problems are a huge obstacle, it is likely that such research will not be allowed, so we will never know. Rory Reid ... The CWA asserts that pornography is a major reason why men inflict harm on women. The CWA argues that pornography convinces men ... ISBN 0-452-01077-2. (a variety of essays that try to assess ways that pornography may take influence or harm men) Shelley ... ISBN 978-0-8135-4388-8. Binik, Yitzchak M.; Mah, Kenneth; Kiesler, Sara (1999). "Ethical issues in conducting sex research on ...
And patent challengers, empowered by convincing PR spin and misdirection about harm to patients, have found all too sympathetic ... Would companies find that scope of protection sufficient to justify investment in research and development?[17] ...
Each of the 30 highest-rated shows is listed with its rank and rating as determined by Nielsen Media Research.[8] ... Highest-rated series is based on the annual top-rated programs list compiled by Nielsen Media Research and reported on ...
On April 22, 2016, the Office of Inspector General issued a memorandum announcing its intent to begin preliminary research to ... The pesticide must not harm the listed endangered and threatened animals and habitats. To be sure this program is implemented, ... as wartime research and development produced many chemicals with newly discovered insecticidal properties.[4] Widespread usage ... "a reasonable certainty of no harm" from the exposure to the residue whether directly from the consumption of such food or from ...
"Twin Research and Human Genetics. 18 (6): 762-771. doi:10.1017/thg.2015.83. ISSN 1832-4274. PMID 26678054.. ... A 2016 systematic review found potential harm to treating to targets lower than 140 mmHg,[112] and a subsequent review in 2019 ... "Progress in Lipid Research. 48 (1): 44-51. doi:10.1016/j.plipres.2008.10.002. PMC 2654180. PMID 19032965.. ... "Journal of Biomedical Research. 29 (2): 105-11. doi:10.7555/JBR.29.20140127. PMC 4389109. PMID 25859264.. ...
Some research, such as that conducted by the Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Training,[70] argues that ... and the unlawfulness of discrimination liable to cause harm to non-unionized employees."[71] ... Recent historical research by Bob James in Craft, Trade or Mystery (2001) puts forward the view that trade unions are part of a ... Research Reports 2020:1, Appendix 3 (in English) Table A *^ Anders Kjellberg (2011) "The Decline in Swedish Union Density since ...
Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template ... Ultimately, the scandals caused no harm to Astor's career, which was actually revitalized because of the custody fight and the ... This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. ...
Use of health and research resources. Research into alternative therapies has been criticized for "...diverting research time, ... Edzard), Ernst, E. (2018-01-11). More harm than good? : the moral maze of complementary and alternative medicine. Smith, Kevin ... Research into alternative therapies often fails to follow proper research protocols (such as placebo-controlled trials, blind ... Some have proposed adopting a prize system to reward medical research.[131] However, public funding for research exists. In the ...
See also: Freedom of Information requests to the Climatic Research Unit and Climatic Research Unit email controversy ... because Jones believed that they planned to harm the UAE or setback climate science by drawing scientists into disputes, ... Climatic Research Unit information requests and email controversy[edit]. ... wasting research time.[19] "Think I've managed to persuade UEA to ignore all further FOIA requests if the people have anything ...
Research[edit]. Efforts to better understand the mechanisms of sebum production are underway. This research aims to develop ... fetal harm has not been seen in the second and third trimesters.[150] Nevertheless, since rare harms from topical retinoids are ... Rates appear to be lower in rural societies.[22] While some research has found it affects people of all ethnic groups,[175] ... and inhibitors of the stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 enzyme are also a focus of research efforts.[10][91] Particles that release ...
WaterAid is researching options of appropriate unisex public toilets in developing countries. In 2017 they stated that those ... Theories that claim sex-separation was implemented to place women at a disadvantage, may actually harm women because they erase ... "Around the Toilet: a research project report about what makes a safe and accessible toilet space". doi:10.7190/9781843874195 ...
Library of Congress Federal Research Division (November 2005). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the ... Self harm (3%) 6. Tuberculosis (3%) 7. Diabetes (2.8) 8. Road injury (2.7%) 9. Preterm birth (2.5%) Making up 8% of the total ...
Research & Education Association. ISBN 978-0878917044. Retrieved 17 May 2008.. *^ Cramb, Alan W. "A Short History of Metals". ... arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno- ... "Machine Intelligence Research Institute. Retrieved November 11, 2016.. *^ Kurzweil, Ray (2005). "The Six Epochs". The ... Guston, David H. (2000). Between Politics and Science: Assuring the Integrity and Productivity of Research. New York: Cambridge ...
"Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy 01 (3). ). *↑ Terai S; Ishikawa, Tsuyoshi; Omori, Kaoru; Aoyama, Koji; Marumoto, Yoshio ... "New Stem-Cell Procedure Doesn't Harm Embryos, Company Claims". Associated Press, Fox News. 2006-08-24. ... Shtull-Trauring, Asaf (2011-09-06) Israeli scientist leads breakthrough stem cell research on endangered species ...
Imam ar-Ridha', A Historical and Biographical Research. Yasin T. Al-Jibouri. Retrieved 18 Jun 2014.. ... non-maleficence - "first, do no harm" (primum non-nocere).. *respect for persons - the patient (and the person treating the ... The father of modern medicine: the first research of the physical factor of tetanus Archived 18 November 2011 at the Wayback ... A variety of teaching methods have been employed in medical education, still itself a focus of active research. In Canada and ...
... notes the dedication with which Dumont has researched her character, having read the comics wherein Polaris appeared. The ... There is no harm at all in retaining "WP:" shortcuts and you have yet to show that there is. What you have shown is that you ...
Research[edit]. In the US, the National Institutes of Health has supported research into bacterial persistence.[282] ... picaridin is odorless and is less likely to irritate the skin or harm fabric or plastics.[138] Repellents with higher ... "Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research = Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Medicas e Biologicas. 40 (4): 443-56. ... At a 1909 research conference, Swedish dermatologist Arvid Afzelius presented a study about an expanding, ring-like lesion he ...
... in the United States: Training, Practice, and Research. Rockville, MD: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research ... review evaluating maintenance chiropractic care found that spinal manipulation is routinely associated with considerable harm ... Chiropractic in the United States: Training, Practice, and Research. Rockville, MD: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research ... Ada, OH: Institute for Social Research, Ohio Northern University. ISBN 0-9728055-5-9.. [page needed] Summarized in: McDonald WP ...
A number of other sources of X-ray photons are possible, and may be used in industrial radiography or research; these include ... "First do no harm - The impact of financial incentives on dental X-rays". Journal of Health Economics. 58 (March 2018): 1-9. ...
Wong, K., Tu, J., Sun, Z., and Dissanayake, D. W. (2013). Methods in Research and Development of Biomedical Devices. World ... The regulatory authorities recognize different classes of medical devices based on their potential for harm if misused, design ... Diana Zuckerman and Paul Brown of the National Center for Health Research, and Dr. Steven Nissen of the Cleveland Clinic, ... University Based Research Packaging InstitutesEdit. *University of Minnesota - Medical Devices Center (MDC) ...
Research has shown that "fifty to ninety percent of children in brothels in Southeast Asia are infected with HIV.[14]" In many ... Because child sexual exploitation is driven by demand it is "crucial to raise the perceptions of consumers about the harm that ... Thailand's Health System Research Institute reports that children in prostitution make up 40% of prostitutes in Thailand.[35] ... Willis, BM; Levy, BS (2002). "Child prostitution: global health burden, research needs, and interventions". Lancet. 359 (9315 ...
Research shows that heels draw attention to long legs and small feet. Some argue that "high-heeled shoes, perhaps more than any ... though whether this translates to comparable health harms is not known.[22] ... Furthermore, research indicates that heels kept arrow-shooting riders, who stood up on galloping horses, safely on the horse.[2 ... Further research reveals that another possible consequence of wearing high heels is an increase of pressure in one's veins. ...
Research topics[edit]. Important theoretical models in OHP research[edit]. Three influential theoretical models in OHP research ... Abusive supervision is the extent to which a supervisor engages in a pattern of behavior that harms subordinates.[96][97] ... Research methods[edit]. Main article: List of psychological research methods. The main purpose of OHP research is to understand ... Qualitative research methods[edit]. Qualitative research methods include interviews,[50][51] focus groups,[52] and self- ...
1772-1986 in Cetaceans and cetacean research in the Indian Ocean Sanctuary. UNEP Marine Mammal Technical Report. pp. 33-65. ... Advanced military sonar harms whales. Sonar interferes with the basic biological functions of whales-such as feeding and mating ... "Whales flee from military sonar leading to mass strandings, research shows". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 ...
Barroilhet, Agustin (2012-01-30). "Class Actions in Chile". Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. SSRN 1995906.. Cite ... The rules require consumer associations to represent an adequate number of affected parties who have suffered the same harm. ... "FindLaw Class Action and Mass Tort Center: Legal Research: Cohelan on California Class Actions". 1966- ... Businesses targeted by class actions for inflicting massive aggregate harm have sought ways to avoid class actions altogether. ...
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 8 (5): ZD10-2. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2014/6657.4342. PMC 4080075. PMID 24995254.. ... tasteless and the materials should not be causing any harm to the body.[26] However, studies in various high-risk populations ... Brazilian Oral Research. 24 (1): 89-94. doi:10.1590/S1806-83242010000100015. PMID 20339720.. ...
Seeing this flaw throughout commonly cited research, Miles presents countering research which includes "evidence that the myth ... including those that harmed others.[222] Again, this cannot be taken to mean that belief in determinism is to blame; these are ... Brain research. Brain research reviews. 31 (2-3): 357-63. doi:10.1016/S0165-0173(99)00052-1. PMID 10719163.. ... C. James Goodwin (2009). Research In Psychology: Methods and Design (6th ed.). Wiley. p. 11. ISBN 047052278X.. ...
"Quality of Life Research. 23 (2): 669-676. doi:10.1007/s11136-013-0497-3. ISSN 0962-9343. PMID 23943260.. ... Considering the importance of genital sensitivity in helping transsexual individuals to avoid unnecessary harm or injuries to ... "Quality of Life Research. 19 (7): 1019-1024. doi:10.1007/s11136-010-9668-7. ISSN 0962-9343. PMID 20461468.. ... Quality of Life Research. 23 (2): 669-676. doi:10.1007/s11136-013-0497-3. PMID 23943260.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors ...
"Khat:Social harms and legislation" (PDF). Retrieved 26 March 2015.. *^ a b c d e Brug af khat blandt dansk-somaliere - ... Research programsEdit. In 2009, the University of Minnesota launched the Khat Research Program (KRP), a multidisciplinary ... Khat was ranked 17th in dependence, 20th in physical harm, and 20th in social harm.[21] ... Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 10 December 2017.. ...
Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. 1962-1963 Absorbed into next New title Minister in charge of Commonwealth ... While noting his personal objections to homosexuality, Gorton stated that most gay people "hurt no one, harm no one and yet ... His formal title was "Minister in charge of Commonwealth Activities in Education and Research under the Prime Minister".[49] ... relinquished the navy portfolio and was placed in charge of the government's activities in education and scientific research.[b ...
... valid research about the effects of different forms of health care, the potential for harm from exposure to particular agents, ... Norway is recognized as an important country for music therapy research. Its two major research centers are the Center for ... "GAMUT - Griegakademiets senter for musikkterapiforsking - Uni Research Helse - Uni Research". Archived from the original on ... Two of the field's major international research journals are based in Bergen: Nordic Journal for Music Therapy[80] and Voices: ...
Kampinga, H. H., Andreasson, C., Barducci, A., Cheetham, M. E., Cyr, D., Emanuelsson, C., Genevaux, P., Gestwicki, J. E., Goloubinoff, P., Huerta-Cepas, J., Kirstein, J., Liberek, K., Mayer, M. P., Nagata, K., Nillegoda, N. B., Pulido, P., Ramos, C., De los Rios, P., Rospert, S., Rosenzweig, R., Sahi, C., Taipale, M., Tomiczek, B., Ushioda, R., Young, J. C., Zimmermann, R., Zylicz, A., Zylicz, M., Craig, E. A. & Marszalek, J., Jan-2019, In : Cell stress & chaperones. 24, 1, p. 7-15 9 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › Academic › peer-review ...
Hoogstra-Berends, F., Meijering, R. A. M., Zhang, D., Heeres, A., Loen, L., Seerden, J-P., ... Brundel, B. J. J. M. (2012). Heat Shock Protein-Inducing Compounds as Therapeutics to Restore Proteostasis in Atrial Fibrillation. TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, 22(3), 62-68. [PII S1050-1738(12)00206-X]. DOI: 10.1016/j.tcm.2012.06.013 ...
The New York Times has published an analysis of a body of research on playground construction designed to be safe and ...
Published in Print: January 29, 1992, as New Research Finds Little Lasting Harm For Crack Children ... New Research Finds Little Lasting Harm For Crack Children. By Debra Viadero ... Coles and other researchers have begun to plug in some of the gaps in previous research. As a result, they are finding that, in ... In the hospital nursery, the earlier research found, these children, known as "the inconsolables," were often highly irritable ...
... including research into possible cures and treatments and… ... See all on Diseases Research * March 29, 2017. Cancer Research ... The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee held a hearing on cancer research, including the National Cancer Research… ... Alzheimers Disease Research. Witnesses testified on the economic effect of Alzheimers Disease in the U.S. and the latest ... Journalist Maria Shriver and physicians who specialize in geriatric care testified at a hearing on Alzheimers disease research ...
Abortion Doesnt Harm Womens Mental Health, Says Research. But being denied one does. ... Now, new research has found thats just not the case: Getting an abortion doesnt negatively impact a womans mental health. ...
Second-hand Smoke can Harm Kids Mental Health: Research. by Rukmani Krishna on December 12, 2012 at 11:52 PM Child Health News ... However, a new research has suggested that second hand smoke, or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), may be just as harmful. ...
This briefing paper provides an overview of current research knowledge on the epidemiology of suicide and non-fatal self-harm ... Research briefing on prevention of suicide and self-harm.pdf [2.09 MB] ... Description: This briefing paper provides an overview of current research knowledge on the. epidemiology of suicide and non- ... fatal self-harm (suicidal behaviour) in Scotland,. factors that make societies and individuals more or less at risk of ...
3 thoughts on "Alcohol-related harms unacceptable - new research shows" * Kate Sommerville August 5, 2014 at 8:42 am. ... Michael Thorn, Chief Executive, Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education, outlines the findings of the new research and ... Alcohol harms. Alcohol kills. Alcohols burden of disease is an unacceptable burden, and our nation must not wait a further ten ... A new report into the impact of alcohol-related harms on our community has found that alcohol kills four times as many ...
Kidney Research UK, Medical Research Council, European Renal Association, Canadian Institute of Health, European Union. ... New kidney research sheds light on harms of certain drugs. University of Bristol ... This work was funded by Kidney Research UK, the Medical Research Council, European Renal Association, Canadian Institute of ... "Our research further suggests that it would be sensible to try and develop drugs that selectively inhibit one of the two forms ...
Research suggests acid rain already harming sea creatures. Shells of tiny sea snails are showing damage years earlier than ... It raises many questions about whether other sea life, too, might already be harmed - directly by acidifying seas, or by subtle ... To calculate the shell damage, Feely and others back in 2011 gathered live pteropods from 17 locations during a research cruise ... "These changes are happening years earlier than we had projected," said Nina Bednarsek, a research fellow with NOAA who ...
... potential benefits of a national cervical cancer screening programme for women under the age of 25 are outweighed by the harms. ... according to research presented at the National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference in Liverpool today. ... A Cancer Research UK study shows that the potential benefits of a national cervical cancer screening programme for women under ... "This research makes it clear that the policy change to stop cervical screening in women aged 20-24 in England was well ...
... and Harms of Traditional Chinese Medicine - A Special Issue published by Hindawi ... Improving Research on the Efficacy, Effectiveness, and Harms of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Jin-Ling Tang , Allan Hackshaw ... Improving Research on the Efficacy, Effectiveness, and Harms of Traditional Chinese Medicine. ... Improving Research on the Efficacy, Effectiveness, and Harms of Traditional Chinese Medicine. ...
Bee research details harm from insecticides. adam. March 31, 2012. Agriculture, Biodiversity ...
Monsantos global weedkiller harms honeybees, research finds. This article is more than 2 years old ... Harm to gut bacteria by glyphosate exposure has also been shown in a pilot study in rats. "Gut bacteria play a vital role in ... Other research, from China and published in July, showed that honeybee larvae grew more slowly and died more often when exposed ... The new research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that some of the key beneficial ...
The suffering of chimpanzees and other animals used for research is not limited to what goes on in actual experiments. Their ... The suffering of chimpanzees and other animals used for research is not limited to what goes on in actual experiments. Their ...
Research shows evidence of impulsive behavior in nonsuicidal self-injury. Nonsuicidal self-harm is associated with ... Neuroscience Research. Psychology News. Brain Cancer Research. Alzheimers Disease. Parkinsons News. Autism / ASD News. ... Neurology research can include information involving brain research, neurological disorders, medicine, brain cancer, peripheral ... Neuroscience research articles are provided.. What is neuroscience? Neuroscience is the scientific study of nervous systems. ...
He noted research that shows triclosan can spur the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, as well as findings that it ... The research was supported by the council and the cleaning institute.. "After decades of use, antibacterial wash products ... At the EPA, research into triclosan and other emerging contaminants continues, but its expensive and highly complicated, said ... Kolpin, who began researching emerging contaminants in 1998, is considered one of the nations experts on the issue. ...
The Harms of Homeschooling? Where Are the Premises?. You are here: Home / The Harms of Homeschooling? Where Are the Premises? ... Wests "Harms," Solutions, and Worldview, and the Problem. Although Robin West claims there are seven serious harms of ... First, if a person makes a claim about a harm related to homeschooling, he or she should provide solid evidence of that harm, ... NHERI conducts homeschooling research, is a clearinghouse of research for the public, researchers, homeschoolers, the media, ...
... self-harm, deliberate self-harm or self-injury. It is often seen as a secret or ... ... self-harm, deliberate self-harm or self-injury. It is often seen as a secret or hidden practice, and it is almost always ... Prevalence of self-harm reflects our social isolation by Chris Millard. Since the late 1980s growing numbers of mental health ... The first thing to acknowledge in the face of this shift is that self-harm hasnt always meant what we think it means. In the ...
Research increasingly indicates that it is the smoke in combustible cigarettes that cause the most harms. E-cigarettes are a ... Research & Commentary: Vermonts Draconian Tax Will Snuff Out Tobacco Harm Reduction. February 5, 2019 ... Policymakers should be mindful of the extensive research that supports tobacco harm reduction and understand bans, excessive ... Research indicates that these businesses "generate an annual non-online sales of more than $300,000 per store," a monthly ...
... resulting in harm to patients and unnecessary costs to the health care system, new research suggests. ... Inaccurate direct-to-consumer raw genetic data can harm patients, new research suggests. Direct-to-consumer raw genetic data ... So what can be done? The authors call for more research to determine the frequency and impact of people being affected by false ... Moscarello said she and her co-authors wrote the commentary to call attention to the potential harms of direct-to-consumer raw ...
26th Congress of the European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis (ECTRIMS) & 15th Annual Conference of ... Bachmann correctly noted that the HPV vaccine poses serious risks of harm: As of June 22, 2011 there have been a total 68 ... Alliance for Human Research Protection. Advancing Voluntary, Informed Consent to Medical Intervention ... Truth in Research Labelling , John Noble, Jr. , Indian Journal of Medical Ethics ...
... October 12, 2016. Leave a Comment ... Instead of saving lives, research is now suggesting that regular screening may do the opposite, causing more harm and suffering ... In an attempt to quantify the benefits and harms of screening mammography Welch et al came to the following conclusions: Among ... Not just an overstatement, but a serious indictment of conventional medicine practices and the enormous harm that may again be ...
Research around wildfire smoke has drawn links with diseases of the heart and lungs. Wildfires can also have mental health ... Wildfire smoke can harm your lungs, your heart, and maybe even your mental health: research. By Jesse Ferreras Online ... Australian research has drawn a link between out-of hospital cardiac arrests and PM2.5; it has also found a link to ... Research from 2011 showed increased visits to emergency departments following exposure to smoke from a peat fire in rural North ...
Research & Commentary: Hawaii Flavor Ban Will Negate Public Health, Harm Military Members. February 27, 2019 ... Research & Commentary: E-Cigarette Tax Will Vaporize Harm Reduction in the Badger State ... Policymakers should be mindful of the extensive research that supports tobacco harm reduction and understand bans, excessive ... Stroud also found research has found e-cigarettes are a key tobacco harm reduction product and could help alleviate state ...
Clinical research on suicidal and self-harming behaviour. The research group studies causes and risk factors for suicide and ... Research groups from A to Z *Clinical research on suicidal and self-harming behaviour ... We collect data in close collaboration with patients, clinical units and with other research groups in Norway and abroad. ... The group also performs studies of risk factors for suicidality and self-harm behaviour among patients with severe psychiatric ...
The initial technical research on establishment of improved forages in the ololili system in Tanzania was undertaken as part of ... We learned that Do no harm is the harder part. We learned that were simply not going to succeed in our forage work if we ... 14 of A Different Kettle of Fish? Gender Integration in Livestock and Fish Research, edited by R Pyburn and A van Eerdewijk, LM ... Jean Ndikumana at a 2010 stakeholders meeting of the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ( ...
"Harm Reduction or Harm Maintenance: Is There Such a Thing as Safe Drug Abuse?" (February 16, 2005). Submitted by Judith D. ... the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) supports the implementation of harm reduction programs, including syringe ... February 17, 2005 - A House Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources yesterday held a hearing on harm ... This is the principle of harm reduction.. Scientific evidence repeatedly has shown that improving access to sterile syringes ...
... it is not meaningful from a diagnostic or research point of view and harmful from a treatment point of view. (See DMDD: A New ... Fear of Harm (FOH) is a "syndrome" or collection of behaviors and symptoms which occur along with a trait called fear-of-harm. ... see How Was the Fear of Harm Trait Defined or click Fear of harm, a possible phenotype of pediatric bipolar disorder: A ... Fear of Harm/Threat. A child with FOH is hyper-vigilant to threat; real, imagined or psychotic. They regularly perceive obvious ...
  • In an attempt to quantify the benefits and harms of screening mammography Welch et al came to the following conclusions: Among 1 000 US women age 50 years who are screened annually for a decade, 0,3 to 3,2 will avoid a breast cancer death, 490 to 670 will have at least one false alarm, and three to 14 will be over-diagnosed and treated needlessly. (
  • Health Canada published a lengthy information bulletin for medical professionals about the benefits and harms of medical marijuana, topped with a disclaimer warning that cannabis is not an approved therapeutic product and the department does not endorse its use. (
  • There wasn't an 'unscreened' group - all the participants had a scan of some kind (either x-ray or low dose CT), meaning the true benefits and harms of screening compared to people not having any type of screening were left unknown. (
  • Objective To determine benefits and harms of arthroscopic knee surgery involving partial meniscectomy, debridement, or both for middle aged or older patients with knee pain and degenerative knee disease. (
  • Data sources Systematic searches for benefits and harms were carried out in Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) up to August 2014. (
  • Symptoms of depression and anxiety were contributory factors to the self-harming behaviors. (
  • Multiple GI problems were associated with sleep and attention problems, as well as self-harm, aggression, and repetitive behaviors in both children with ASD and those not on the autism spectrum. (
  • Fear of Harm (FOH) is a " syndrome" or collection of behaviors and symptoms which occur along with a trait called fear-of-harm. (
  • Together, these symptoms and behaviors describe the syndrome which is now called the Fear of Harm (FOH) phenotype . (
  • We've had some recent posts ( here and here ) about the research of Brian Wansink, a Cornell University business professor who's found fame and fortune from doing empirical research on eating behaviors. (
  • There are no medicines to treat self-harming behaviors. (
  • Much of that research has been with adults, but studies involving adolescents have found that young people who report more experiences with racial or ethnic discrimination are at greater risk of depression, substance abuse and risky sexual behaviors. (
  • Self-harm behaviors (SHBs) could result from deliberate action and unintentional injury from tics. (
  • While earlier usage included interfering with wound healing, excessive skin-picking, hair-pulling, and the ingestion of toxins, current usage distinguishes these behaviors from self-harm. (
  • A 92 percent wholesale tax on electronic cigarettes and vaping devices will greatly hurt tobacco harm reduction efforts in Vermont. (
  • Such legislation threatens the health gains that e-cigarettes and vaping devices provide as tobacco harm reduction (THR) tools. (
  • However, such an extreme response to one year of data threatens the efficacy of a tobacco harm reduction tool that has helped millions of adult Americans quit smoking cigarettes. (
  • From March 2002 through August 2004, Kenneth E. Warner, PhD, and a team of researchers at the University of Michigan School of Public Health analyzed the knowledge and opinions of grassroots tobacco control activists and tobacco researchers and scientists regarding tobacco harm reduction-the proliferation of new products created by tobacco and pharmaceutical companies aimed at reducing the harm that smoking tobacco causes. (
  • About one-third of grassroots activists were not aware of tobacco harm reduction and most who were aware of the concept believed that tobacco harm reduction products would have adverse health effects. (
  • Scientists and researchers were more aware and more supportive of tobacco harm-reduction products than were activists. (
  • Both activists and scientists believed that tobacco harm-reduction products should be regulated. (
  • Discussion on what is known about the coronavirus and vaping at this time, the impact misinformation is having on tobacco harm reduction, and regulating alternative nicotine products in the age of COVID-19. (
  • The strategy is controversial: supporters of tobacco harm reduction assert that lessening the health risk for the individual user is worthwhile and manifests over the population in fewer tobacco-related illnesses and deaths. (
  • The concept of tobacco harm reduction dates back to at least 1976 when Professor Michael Russell wrote: "People smoke for nicotine but they die from the tar" and suggested that the ratio of tar to nicotine could be the key to safer smoking. (
  • Debates on tobacco harm reduction tend to be geographically defined arguments, because of the varying legal, moral, and historical status of tobacco, and the different types of tobacco products and use in different cultures around the world. (
  • In October 2008 the American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP) became the first medical organization in the U.S. to officially endorse tobacco harm reduction as a viable strategy to reduce the death toll related to cigarette smoking. (
  • Newer studies by Ms. Coles and other researchers have begun to plug in some of the gaps in previous research. (
  • We would like to invite submissions of a wide range of articles, including original research and reviews that can inform researchers and/or stimulate debates, especially in the following areas although other relevant topics will also be considered. (
  • The researchers, Alessandra Galiè and Ben Lukuyu, who come from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), and Walter Mangesho and Jonas Kizima, from the Tanzania Livestock Research Institute (TALIRI), quickly began to see that to be successful, they would have to pay close attention to the different roles that women and men play in managing the ololili system. (
  • That's why researchers are finding out if it's possible to detect lung cancer at an early stage through screening, and whether the benefits of diagnosing more lung cancers early through screening outweigh the harms. (
  • This research aimed to implement a community-based research methodology grounded in the leadership and growing research capacity of community researchers and to investigate a topic which community members identified as important and meaningful. (
  • Seventeen community members actively engaged as both community researchers and research participants throughout all facets of the project: inception, implementation, analysis, and dissemination of results. (
  • Effective collaboration between community researchers, a community organization, and academics facilitated a research process in which community members actively guided the project from beginning to end. (
  • This 14th edition of Research for Sex Work aimed at sex workers, health workers, researchers, nonprofit organization staff and policymakers focuses on how recognizing the "work" aspect of sex work helps make responses to health and legal needs more relevant and less likely to lead to unintended damaging consequences. (
  • The PROUD Study meaningfully engaged the communities of people who use drugs in Ottawa through the formation of the CAC, the training of peers as community-based researchers, and integrated KTE throughout the research project. (
  • There has been a growing recognition of the need to more meaningfully involve community members and organizational partners, alongside academic researchers, in public health research [ 4 ]. (
  • University of Otago researchers Antony Braithwaite, Louise Bicknell, Alexander McLellan and Lyn Wise have gained Health Research Council grants totalling $600,000. (
  • Nevertheless, people who participate in research are voluntarily contributing to society and irrespective of the importance that they assign to their own wellbeing, it is the duty and responsibility of researchers to protect participants' wellbeing and even to contribute towards it if possible. (
  • Moscarello said she and her co-authors wrote the commentary to call attention to the potential harms of direct-to-consumer raw data interpretation, which extend beyond the potential for inaccurate results. (
  • We hope that our study can help educate parents about the potential harms of spanking and prompt them to try positive and non-punitive forms of discipline. (
  • This briefing paper provides an overview of current research knowledge on the epidemiology of suicide and non-fatal self-harm ('suicidal behaviour') in Scotland, factors that make societies and individuals more or less at risk of suicide and selfharm, and effective interventions to prevent, and reduce socio-economic inequalities in, suicidal behaviour. (
  • The research group studies causes and risk factors for suicide and self-harming behaviour, and evaluates and develops treatment methods. (
  • Our aim is to study associations between psychological, social and neurobiological factors and suicidal and self-harming behaviour by collecting and analyzing data mainly from clinical samples. (
  • We study risk factors and causal mechanisms, as well as the longitudinal course and outcome in patients with suicidal or self-harming behaviour and we develop and assess the effects of interventions and treatment methods. (
  • Among them are several studies related to Dialectical behaviour therapy for adolescents with repeated self-harm. (
  • The group also performs studies of risk factors for suicidality and self-harm behaviour among patients with severe psychiatric disorders such as psychotic disorders, borderline personality disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as studies of the clinical course after treatment in order to assess the long term prospects for people with disorders such as these regarding health, level of functioning and risk of future suicidal behaviour. (
  • Of particular interest are studies of the continuity of care for patients who would otherwise have a strong tendency of repeating suicidal or self-harming behaviour. (
  • New research by the Australian Institute of Family Studies has recorded high rates of self-harm and suicidal behaviour among Australian teenagers. (
  • The findings indicate that self-harm and suicidal behaviour among Australian teenagers is a serious and often hidden problem that may be under-recorded in official statistics. (
  • The research is part of the AIFS' Longitudinal Study of Australian Children 2016 Annual Statistical Report Self-harm and suicidal behaviour of young people aged 14-15 years old . (
  • Sexual attraction, depression, self-harm, suicidality and help-seeking behaviour in New Zealand secondary school students. (
  • To describe the sexual attractions of New Zealand secondary school students and investigate the associations between sexual attraction and self-reported depression, self-harm, suicidality and help-seeking behaviour. (
  • Behaviour Research and Therapy 96 , 79 -89. (
  • There are a number of different methods that can be used to treat self-harm and which concentrate on either treating the underlying causes or on treating the behaviour itself. (
  • Captive animals, such as birds and monkeys, are also known to participate in self-harming behaviour. (
  • Self-harm (SH), also referred to as self-injury (SI), self-inflicted violence (SIV), nonsuicidal self injury (NSSI) or self-injurious behaviour (SIB), are different terms to ascribe behaviours where demonstrable injury is self-inflicted. (
  • But forgotten research from the Purdue University of Veterinary Medicine sheds light on just how damaging certain vaccines may be to our pets after all. (
  • This research sheds light on how collaborative care (CC) may work to increase abstinence in a sample of primary care patients with opioid and alcohol use disorders (OAUD). (
  • 2017-04-21T20:00:13-04:00 Journalist Maria Shriver and physicians who specialize in geriatric care testified at a hearing on Alzheimer's disease research and prevention. (
  • The Scoliosis Research Society honored Juergen Harms, MD, and Alberto Ponte, MD, with the 2019 SRS Lifetime Achievement Award on Sept. 19. (
  • Dr Sarah Cassidy's Suicide and Autism Research Program works closely with the autistic community, National Autistic Society, Autistica, PAPYRUS, the James Lind Alliance priority setting partnership, the All Party Parliamentary Group for Autism, and the International Society for Autism Research Policy Brief 2019. (
  • For instance, in 2016, the Royal College of Physicians found e-cigarette use "unlikely to exceed 5% of the harm from smoking tobacco," concluding that it is "in the interest of public health … to promote the use of e-cigarettes. (
  • Michael Thorn, Chief Executive, Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education , outlines the findings of the new research and calls for urgent policy and legislative action to reduce the current rate of harms. (
  • Findings indicate that two categories of the alcohol-self-harm complex exist, with different characteristics for men and women: One where alcohol plays a direct role for the self-harm and another where alcohol is one out of several factors intertwined in a web of inter-personal, intra-personal and socio-economic factors. (
  • The interviewees indicate that they have not or rarely seek assistance to overcome alcohol-related or other problems in their household.Conclusions and recommendations: Preliminary findings show that alcohol plays a significant role in self-harm - but in different ways. (
  • These new findings suggest that harm from toxins in the environment can be much longer lasting and pervasive than previously known because they can impact several generations. (
  • Findings of the research have been shared with the Malagasy government and other stakeholders in many different ways, raising considerable interest and laying the foundations for future impact. (
  • The findings suggest potential areas of focus for future research and interventions at a time when the federal government is taking inaccurate and delayed diagnosis seriously. (
  • Members of the Coalition to Improve Diagnosis , which includes more than 50 organizations representing leading healthcare and patient advocacy organizations shared the research findings with their members. (
  • They were most closed to those findings that indicated positive reactions to these early sexual experiences and to those findings that indicated that incestuous experiences did not cause irreparable harm. (
  • A new report into the impact of alcohol-related harms on our community has found that alcohol kills four times as many Australians every year as those killed on our roads. (
  • The report, Alcohol's Burden of Disease in Australia, jointly funded by the Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education and VicHealth, reveals the devastating extent of alcohol's impact. (
  • The alcohol industry, like the tobacco industry before it, has long shown itself unwilling to acknowledge the extent of the harms it causes, long been unwilling to accept responsibility for those harms and long been staunchly opposed to the introduction of effective measures that would reduce them. (
  • Nor can Australians, a majority of whom consistently voice support for measures to address alcohol harms, allow governments to ignore the problem. (
  • Alcohol tax reforms, the introduction of earlier closing times and sensible restrictions on alcohol advertising and promotions will not only save lives and reduce the unacceptable level of alcohol harms, it will also reduce the $36 billion dollar burden those harms represent, a burden carried by the entire Australian community. (
  • Alcohol harms. (
  • 2015. Abstract from Alcohol and Drug Information Centre - Sri Lanka: Research Symposium, Colombo, Sri Lanka. (
  • abstract = 'Background: Research has shown that alcohol use is associated with self-harm and suicide, which is also the case in Sri Lanka where high numbers of individuals admitted to hospitals after self-harming are under influence of alcohol. (
  • Internationally, it has been highlighted that alcohol use may harm the personal network of the drinker and lead to secondary traumatization. (
  • and (iii) observations in villages and alcohol-selling centers.Results: Only men drank alcohol before self-harm, spanning from heavy, daily drinking to social, occasional and even first time drinking. (
  • All women had alcohol indirectly involved in their case of self-harm through the negative effects of a relative's drinking. (
  • Strategies seeking to prevent alcohol-related self-harm should focus on: alleviating problematic alcohol use when it is the main problem of the individual and family, or targeting the alcohol use as well as the myriad of other complex problems facing them. (
  • The article reports on parochial fans' commentaries about alcohol-related transgressions and uses these data to inform options for harm-reduction strategies associated with alcohol-related transgressions in sport. (
  • We argue that the introduction of a harm-reduction approach would offer a more effective policy for managing player alcohol-related transgressions than the current 'ad hoc' approach. (
  • In 2013, Dr. Collins received the G. Alan Marlatt Memorial Research Award for her contributions to alcohol research. (
  • In 2013, she was awarded a NIH/NIAAA K01 Early Career Development Award to use a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) research framework to co-develop, evaluate, and disseminate a comprehensive, multi-dimensional program that aims to reduce alcohol related harm and improve health and quality of life related outcomes for individuals who have experienced chronic homelessness and substance use problems. (
  • Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 38, 83-94. (
  • Extended-release naltrexone and harm reduction counseling for chronically homeless people with alcohol dependence. (
  • Bentley's research focuses on the taxation and regulation of nicotine, tobacco, alcohol, and food. (
  • MEDLINE and Embase were searched from inception through January 2018 for retrospective or prospective studies reporting mortality outcomes and self-harm or suicide rates after bariatric procedures. (
  • And this does not even account for the radiobiological harms caused by x-ray mammography , which may have planted the seeds of malignancy into the healthy breasts of millions of women in the name of "prevention through early detection. (
  • The more children are spanked, the more likely they are to defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties, according to a new meta-analysis of 50 years of research on spanking by experts at the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Michigan. (
  • Gershoff notes that this persistence of spanking is in spite of the fact that there is no clear evidence of positive effects from spanking and ample evidence that it poses a risk of harm to children's behavior and development. (
  • Self-harm behavior was diagnosed during the interview. (
  • Self-harm behavior appears mostly in children and adolescents and rarely begins in adulthood. (
  • Self-harm behavior is associated mainly with tic severity, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (
  • Deliberate, purposeful, nonaccidental, and repetitive infliction of self-harm is defined differently in the literature, as self-injury, self-inflicted violence, nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) ( 2 ), or self-injurious behavior (SIB). (
  • For the purpose of our study, we have opted to use the term self-harm behavior (SHB), which includes both deliberate and inadvertent self-injury. (
  • Other terms such as cutting and self-mutilation have been used for any self-harming behavior regardless of suicidal intent. (
  • For this reason research in the past decades has inconsistently focused on self-harming behavior without and with suicidal intent (including suicide attempts) with varying definitions leading to inconsistent and unclear results. (
  • The purpose of this article is twofold, to show that the "harms of homeschooling" that West alleges basically have no foundation in research evidence and to note that West's proposal for the state to control homeschool parents and their children is based on a worldview that it is antithetical to one held by a significant portion of Americans. (
  • The attached pages document the need and the evidence-base for harm reduction approaches, including syringe exchange and addiction treatment, as responsible public health policy. (
  • VANCOUVER - There is little to no research to support the supposed benefits of medical cannabis, and what evidence exists suggests that using marijuana as medicine may do more harm than good, family doctors' associations across Canada are telling their members. (
  • Co-author Professor Mark Sculpher added: "The research demonstrates that the threshold to gauge cost-effectiveness and how much the NHS can afford to pay for benefits offered by new drugs is a scientific question that can be informed by evidence and analysis. (
  • The research was sponsored by the Haywood Foundation which was looking for evidence as to whether the human immune system may also be compromised. (
  • We examine the nature and prevalence of such risks, and evaluate the evidence regarding the factors that increase or protect against harm resulting from such risks, so as to inform the academic and practitioner knowledge base. (
  • The purpose of this article is to examine the current evidence and aspects of self-harm, particularly in young adults and adolescents that are relevant within a dental settling. (
  • The aim of this article is to examine the current evidence and aspects of self-harm, particularly in young adults and adolescents that are of relevance within a dental setting. (
  • Little is known, however, about the way abstracts report harm in phase III and IV randomized controlled trials published in high impact journals, those considered gold standard for clinical evidence and therefore, those with the highest capacity to influence medical decision making. (
  • A concerning new review published in the J ournal of the American Medical Association online ahead of print on the topic of overuse of medical care, i.e., health care for which "risk of harm exceeds its potential for benefit," finds that many commonly employed medical procedures, to which millions are subjected to each year, are based on questionable if not also, in some cases, non-existent evidence. (
  • The Purdue Office of Technology Commercialization operates one of the most comprehensive technology transfer programs among leading research universities in the U.S. Services provided by this office support the economic development initiatives of Purdue University and benefit the university's academic activities. (
  • The Purdue Research Foundation is a private, nonprofit foundation created to advance the mission of Purdue University. (
  • These studies have provided comprehensive knowledge about problems related to self-harm in adolescents and about effective treatment programs. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the harm racism causes to infants, children, adolescents, and their families. (
  • This work was funded by Kidney Research UK, the Medical Research Council, European Renal Association, Canadian Institute of Health and European Union's 2020 research programme. (
  • Grounded in a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework, the PROUD (Participatory Research in Ottawa: Understanding Drugs) Study aims to better understand HIV risk and prevalence among people who use drugs in Ottawa, Ontario. (
  • This page addresses the need to pool nonclinical, nonlegal and nontraumatic sampled research articles on the prevalence of harm. (
  • In fact, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has made reduction of diagnostic errors one of its three strategic priorities. (
  • The NICE guidelines suggest that many cases of self-harm never present to healthcare professionals and therefore it is very difficult to establish how common self-harm actually is. (
  • Co-ordinated in the UK by Cancer Research UK, with Cancer Research Wales funding the Welsh arm of this study, and reported in BMJ Open , the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership (ICBP) - a collaboration between countries with similar healthcare systems and high-quality data - tracked each step people with bowel cancer went through before treatment. (
  • What is preventable harm in healthcare? (
  • Our research further suggests that it would be sensible to try and develop drugs that selectively inhibit one of the two forms of GSK3. (
  • Direct-to-consumer raw genetic data can be inaccurate, resulting in harm to patients and unnecessary costs to the health care system, new research suggests. (
  • This chapter summarizes the current scientific basis of our understanding of smoking and CVD, suggests modern methodologies that might usefully be applied to enhance understanding in this area, and highlights areas for further research. (
  • In response to new analysis from the Children's Society which suggests that one in four 14-year-old girls self-harm, British Medical Association consultants' committee deputy chair and NHS child and adolescent psychiatrist, Dr Gary Wannan said: "It's worrying that so many young people see self-harming as a way of coping with social pressures, and as a normal part of adolescence. (
  • Our research suggests that this lack of support can also increase suicidal feelings. (
  • New research suggests there are more effective ways to activate proper muscular engagement. (
  • Use the search box to see research highlights from NIEHS scientists since its founding in 1966. (
  • Narrow your search and find the research you need. (
  • Narrow your search by all research areas that apply. (
  • The second is to better understand harm-reduction behaviours, and the social and medical support people need in order to avoid reinfection. (
  • Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the associations between sexual attraction and depressive symptoms, suicidality, self-harming and help-seeking behaviours in a nationally representative secondary school health and well-being survey, undertaken in 2007. (
  • Dr. Kate Salters is a research scientist with the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV, in the Epidemiology and Population Health Program. (
  • Bangor University, alongside partner universities Cardiff, Swansea, and South Wales, has been awarded £3.6M for the 'PRIME Centre Wales' for Primary and Emergency Care Research. (
  • The funding from Health and Care Research Wales will support PRIME Centre Wales to improve the health and well-being of people in Wales and internationally, by conducting high quality research on topics of national policy priority in primary, emergency and unscheduled care. (
  • Bangor University's North Wales Centre for Primary Care Research has been involved in an international large-scale review of treatment times for people with bowel cancer. (
  • Read recent and past research projects and reports published by RGC's Centre for the Advancement of Best Practices. (
  • This can appear as emotional distress, financial difficulties and lead to domestic violence and in some cases self-harm and suicide. (
  • While not all online risks result in self-reported harm, a range of adverse emotional and psychosocial consequences is revealed by longitudinal studies. (
  • Flens's story, told to me by her therapist, illustrates an issue troubling a number of mental health experts in Germany: Haarer's ideas may still be harming the emotional health of its citizens. (
  • It should be done carefully for not doing harm, but improve everybody's life and emotional conveniences. (
  • Self-harm is often associated with a history of trauma, including emotional and sexual abuse. (
  • The office is managed by the Purdue Research Foundation, which received the 2016 Innovation and Economic Prosperity Universities Award for Innovation from the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities. (
  • Bangor University is launching the new Institute of Health and Medical Research on Thursday February 25th 2016. (
  • Reviewing current studies on the effects of TCM: Current status of clinical trials and systematic reviews, including research trend, achievements, and problems. (
  • Previous studies have shown that pesticides such as neonicotinoids cause harm to bees, whose pollination is vital to about three-quarters of all food crops. (
  • The research likely underestimates the frequency of adverse outcomes because most studies involve patients who have a history of using pot so are less likely than the average person to experience any negative side effects, Allan said. (
  • This is of great concern, as a number of studies have shown self-harm to be a major risk factor to completed suicide. (
  • Several recent epidemiological studies have reported a significant rise in self-harm incidences within the United Kingdom. (
  • Nevertheless, it is supported by studies of mother-child interactions in Germany, by other research into attachment and by therapists' anecdotal reports. (
  • Only studies published in 2000 or later were included for harms. (
  • Nine studies reporting on harms were identified. (
  • This research supports a number of studies showing harmful effects of neonicotinoids on bee populations. (
  • Eldis is hosted by the Knowledge, Impact and Policy team at the Institute of Development Studies in the UK but our services profile work by a growing global network of research organisations and knowledge brokers. (
  • To describe how frequently harm is reported in the abstract of high impact factor medical journals. (
  • and 2) Proportion of articles that reported harm in the abstract when harm was reported in the main body of the article. (
  • abstract = "In Malaysia, because of an alarming increase in the number of intravenous drug users, the government has started a harm reduction program in which methadone is used as a drug substitution therapy. (
  • Yet our research shows that spanking is linked with the same negative child outcomes as abuse, just to a slightly lesser degree. (
  • Secondary outcomes were suicide/self-harm attempts after bariatric surgery compared to same population prior to surgery and to matched control subjects, with the respective calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95% CI. (
  • For instance, we know from breast cancer research that even when women receive false positive diagnoses that are soon followed by corrective cancer-free diagnoses, the negative psychosocial outcomes of the shock of false diagnosis persist for at least 3 years. (
  • The world's most used weedkiller damages the beneficial bacteria in the guts of honeybees and makes them more prone to deadly infections, new research has found. (
  • The new research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , found that some of the key beneficial bacteria in bees' guts have the enzyme that is targeted by glyphosate. (
  • Harm to gut bacteria by glyphosate exposure has also been shown in a pilot study in rats . (
  • So, in Aid Case the rescuers bear some of the moral responsibility for the harms that occur indirectly as a result of their provision of aid, even though the harms were solely and directly caused by the aggressor. (
  • Self-harm can also occur in high-functioning individuals who have no underlying mental health diagnosis. (
  • Self-harm can also occur in the elderly population. (
  • What is Fear of Harm? (
  • Fear of Harm (FOH) is the name given to a severely impairing, life-long condition which includes both behavioral and physical symptoms. (
  • Because they were willing to look at this broad picture, rather than just the children's manic or depressive symptoms, they were able to identify a heritable trait which they called fear-of-harm. (
  • see How Was the Fear of Harm Trait Defined or click Fear of harm, a possible phenotype of pediatric bipolar disorder: A dimensional approach to diagnosis for genotyping psychiatric syndromes for the published article. (
  • Additionally, the degree of Fear of Harm that a child inherits can range from profoundly debilitating to much less so. (
  • That said, it is probably fair to say that all children affected by Fear of Harm face significant burdens and deserve the best understanding and support that we can provide to them. (
  • Like Bipolar Disorder, Thermoregulatory Fear of Harm Mood Disorder includes manic and depressive symptoms. (
  • My research interests are psychiatric epidemiology, the management of mental disorders in primary care and community settings especially suicide and self harm, and patient perspectives. (
  • People who do self-harm are more likely to commit suicide, and self-harm is found in 40-60% of suicides. (
  • The information and recommendations we offer are based on over 30 years of peer review research and personal clinical experience which guides us in providing a valuable resource to our readers, customers and patients regarding maintaining healthy vision naturally. (
  • The term 'deliberate self-harm' was proposed in 1975 (as a new label) at a hospital in Bristol. (
  • This might have involved, for example taking an overdose or cutting in a deliberate act of self-harm. (
  • E-cigarettes are a THR product that effectively delivers nicotine without the associated harm produced in cigarette smoke. (
  • The figure could be significantly larger, as research finds e-cigarettes to be a more effective tool for cessation than traditional nicotine therapy. (
  • The adverse effects of nicotine in animals-primarily rodents-have been well researched, and demonstrated that exposure to the drug during pregnancy has detrimental effects on aspects of fetal development including cellular damage, increased inflammation, oxidative stress, and impaired cell replication. (
  • In contrast, during the 1960s and '70s, the term 'self-harm' generally referred to somebody 'crying for help' by taking an overdose (self-poisoning). (
  • By targeting higher-risk patients during clinical encounters, naloxone prescribing requirements could increase naloxone prescribed, destigmatize naloxone use, and reduce overdose harms. (
  • There are many risk factors associated with self-harm but of particular relevance to dental practitioners and orthodontists is a recent study that found a link between children who self-harm and who are subjected to frequent bullying. (
  • According to the new research , which appeared in Diagnosis, one-third (34%) of malpractice cases that result in death or permanent disability stem from an inaccurate or delayed diagnosis, making diagnostic error the number one cause of serious harms among medical errors. (
  • Epner spoke at the research release and noted that, "This work showcases the fact that myriad factors contribute to missed and delayed diagnosis. (
  • Unfortunately, not only do overdiagnosed patients fail to benefit from their diagnosis, they may also be harmed. (
  • It is noted that this proposal of diagnostic criteria for a future diagnosis is not an officially approved diagnosis and may not be used for clinical use but is meant for research purposes only. (
  • Here's some more great new research (see news article below) which truly helps put the lie to claims by the anti-silver environmentalists that "nano-silver" (their code word for colloidal silver) somehow harms human cells. (
  • HCV Research and News: What a Year for Harm Reduction! (
  • Welcome to our page dedicated to research on substance use where we showcase journal news, article collections, highlights and recent campaigns, as selected by our Editors. (
  • Receive regular email updates from Eldis on global development research, news and jobs. (
  • Now, new research has found that's just not the case: Getting an abortion doesn't negatively impact a woman's mental health. (
  • This research makes it clear that the policy change to stop cervical screening in women aged 20-24 in England was well justified from a health perspective and was not a cost-cutting exercise. (
  • Suicide, suicide attempts and self-harm are major health problems in Norway and in many other countries. (
  • In her testimony, Dr. Auerbach documented the need for harm reduction programs, including syringe exchange, as well as their effectiveness as a public health strategy to reduce the transmission of HIV among drug users, their sex partners, and their children, both in the U.S. and globally. (
  • As the nation's leading nonprofit organization dedicated to the support of HIV/AIDS research, AIDS prevention, treatment education, and the advocacy of sound AIDS-related public policy, the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) supports the implementation of harm reduction programs, including syringe exchange programs (SEPs), as an effective public health strategy to reduce HIV transmission. (
  • This research has found that the 'threshold' used by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) when gauging the cost-effectiveness of new drugs is too high. (
  • This research shows it would also lead to the loss of 773 QALYs for other NHS patients with increased mortality in cancer, circulatory, respiratory or gastro-intestinal diseases and reduced quality of life in neurological diseases and mental health (a net loss of 440 QALY for every £10m of additional NHS costs). (
  • The research was funded by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) and Medical Research Council to establish methods that can estimate the NICE cost-effectiveness threshold using routinely available data. (
  • New research shows that the environment is more important to health than anyone had imagined. (
  • Small particles (ash, soot, smoke) in the air, even in amounts that are legal, can harm human health. (
  • If you are giving a presentation about an environmental health topic or just looking for general information about environmental health research or the institute, this page will help. (
  • NIEHS is committed to conducting the most rigorous research in environmental health sciences, and to communicating the results of this research to the public. (
  • NIEHS research uses state-of-the-art science and technology to investigate the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. (
  • NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in environmental health sciences and administration. (
  • Harm Reduction and the Global HIV Epidemic - Looking at access to health and harm reduction services in five countries where HIV epidemics intersect with injecting drug use, this report from amfAR points out that "an AIDS-free generation" would need to include everyone, but that most current national policies don't. (
  • Examining the extent to which Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Nigeria, Ukraine and Vietnam have adopted and maintained World Health Organization-recommended measures to reduce harms stemming from injection drug use, the report calls on donors, policy makers, civil society and national governments to fill gaps and confront obstacles still standing between critical services and people who inject drugs. (
  • Sex Work is Work - Research has shown that when people who earn their income through sex work can work without fear of police action and draw upon each other for support, their access to health services and ability to protect themselves from sexually transmitted diseases improves. (
  • Mind', a mental health charity, describe self-harm as a means of expressing what cannot be articulated and liken it to an 'inner scream', which helps people temporarily feel better able to cope. (
  • If the person who is self-harming is an adult, suggest mental health counseling. (
  • Her research lies at the intersection of substance use, mental health, criminal justice and housing policy, with an emphasis on populations with lived experience of homelessness, substance use and/or involvement in the criminal justice system. (
  • Research out of Italy confirms the harmful effects of neonicotinoid pesticides on honey bee health. (
  • Better funded mental health services that match the increasing burden of mental ill-health are what these children deserve, and this study shows how the government's failure to address the ongoing problem with children and adolescent mental health services leave[s] many feeling they have no choice but to harm themselves to cope. (
  • Childhood Sexual Experiences and Adult Health Sequelae Among Gay and Bisexual Men: Defining Childhood Sexual Abuse," Journal of Sex Research , 45(3), pp. 246 - 252. (
  • The Tribunal has found above that "serious harm to human health" includes both direct impacts (e.g., a passer-by being injured by a falling turbine blade or a person losing hearing) or indirect impacts (e.g., a person being exposed to noise and then exhibiting stress and developing other related symptoms). (
  • Building on an established foundation of research excellence, the new Bangor Institute for Health and Medical Research (BIHMR) will facilitate more interdisciplinary research that spans discovery in the laboratory through to research that solves complex health problems in the real world. (
  • Research Groups in the Bangor Institute of Health and Medical Research (BIHMR) have been awarded significant amounts of further funding from the Welsh Government. (
  • The Bangor Institute for Health and Medical Research (BIHMR) will sustain and extend Bangor's already excellent record in health and medical research, bringing together renowned academics in a broad range of fields. (
  • A new NCSU study at the Plants for Human Health Institute at the NC Research Campus focuses on enhanced levels of lutein in broccoli. (
  • Does engaging patients in research projects improve health? (
  • A comprehensive collection of 17 innovative demonstration projects -- from youth involvement in mental health services to suicide prevention, Indigenous health, children with complex medical needs and more -- highlights the value of patient engagement in research. (
  • The University of Adelaide has won US$2.24 million to establish a new national Center of Research Excellence, in partnership with the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organization (NACCHO) and the University of Wollongong. (
  • A "year-long assessment done by the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences concluded there is a strong rationale for Canada to play a more strategic role in global health, while recognizing the scale of humanitarian needs," and to "focus on five areas where its research is strongest, including indigenous health," the Globe and Mail reports. (
  • Aborigines in Australia have higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia than the country's general population, according to research by the University of New South Wales' Kirby Institute and reported on Tuesday at a sexual health conference, the Associated Press/Seattle Times reports. (
  • It has been described as the cardinal principle of modern research ethics and as a principle which aspires to protect the multiple and interdependent interests of the person - from bodily to psychological to cultural integrity (Health Canada, 2007). (
  • Growing research is showing that mental health services are failing autistic people, even when they are feeling suicidal. (
  • Harm reduction is likely of substantial benefit to these smokers and public health. (
  • The Institute's Director, Anne Hollonds said the study - involving 3, 318 teenagers from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children - found that girls were at greater risk of self-harm and suicide than boys. (
  • Dr Daraganova said the study reaffirmed an apparent link between self-harm and suicide attempts. (
  • This means that the approval of new drugs is doing more harm than good to NHS patents overall and the NHS is paying too much for new drugs. (
  • Anatomy 101: Are Muscular Engagement Cues Doing More Harm Than Good? (
  • In group classes, you can't actually see the results of internal (muscular) cues, and you may be doing more harm than good. (
  • Criticism of bad research: More harm than good? (
  • Is Brian Wansink's research doing the world more harm than good? (
  • If this is the case, it could be that Wansink is still doing more good than harm, if his influence on policy is based on his earlier, high quality work. (
  • 3. A third possibility, slightly different possibility is that the quantitative and the qualitative research is entirely irrelevant, but it's still all good because the existence of the publications and the big-money consulting is being used to bolster common-sense messages regarding mindful eating and small portion sizes. (
  • Wansink's research could be doing more good than harm in that, by strengthening his reputation and that of his lab, the research-cred enables him to go on TV and sell books encouraging people to eat sensibly. (
  • I say yes to participating in research because it helps me remember how good it is to be healthy now. (
  • If we can effectively combine treatment with good harm-reduction we can make major progress in the spread of this disease. (
  • Do Expedited Drug Development Programs Do More Harm Than Good? (
  • How good is this research? (
  • Many people noticed a lot of problems in children and said, 'Aha, cocaine,'" said Claire D. Coles, the director of clinical and developmental research at the human-genetics laboratory at Emory University. (
  • The authors call for more research to determine the frequency and impact of people being affected by false positives in their raw genetic data interpretations. (
  • Their thoughts often turn to death and they can worry obsessively about being killed or about harm/death coming to people who would otherwise protect them from the things that frighten them. (
  • I assuming that Wansink genuinely believes that he's making discoveries and that he's helping people in his books, videos, interviews, etc.-and the research papers are part of that, for two reasons. (
  • While more and more research, and whistleblowers, have come out showing the potentially harmful effects of vaccine additives on people, the question of whether pets may also be harmed has mostly been ignored. (
  • Harm reduction is a movement for social justice built on a belief in, and respect for, the rights of people who use drugs. (
  • However, some of the people who harm themselves do have a mental disorder . (
  • People who harm themselves are usually not trying to kill themselves . (
  • Why do people harm themselves? (
  • There are different reasons why people harm themselves. (
  • There are people of all ages who harm themselves, but it usually starts in the teen or early adult years. (
  • This project successfully supported skill development across the team and empowered people with drug use experience to take on leadership roles, ensuring that this research process will promote change at the local level. (
  • The CBPR methods developed in this study provide important insights for future research projects with people who use drugs in other settings. (
  • Overdiagnosis for adult conditions has gained a great deal of recognition over the last few years, led by realizations that certain screening initiatives, such as those for breast and prostate cancer, may be harming the very people they were designed to protect. (
  • The SMS (Short-Messaging for Self-harm) study to develop a complex intervention to reduce repeat self-harm among young people presenting to emergency departments. (
  • In this report, there are sections which address issues such as consent, involving people with dementia in research, considering risks and benefits and protecting their interests. (
  • Collectively, the points raised may contribute towards ensuring that it is possible for people with dementia, amongst others, to take part in research, without undue stress, exploitation or danger and in so doing both participate in and contribute to society. (
  • In this section of the report, we examine issues linked to the way that people with dementia participating in research are considered and treated. (
  • 2008) suggest that excluding people with dementia from research is an affront to their dignity whereas including them in research may enhance their dignity of personal identity. (
  • People who hide their autism by 'camouflaging' to try to fit into society, or who don't receive correct support are at higher risk of suicide, according to new research. (
  • Although there has been a growing amount of research showing that autistic people are more likely than people in the general population to take their own lives, until now there has been a lack of research exploring the reasons why. (
  • Dr. Sarah Cassidy led the study at the University of Nottingham and said: "To understand and prevent death by suicide in the autistic community, we must work with autistic people as equal partners in research, to ensure it is relevant and benefits those involved. (
  • The risk of serious injury and suicide is higher in older people who self-harm. (
  • No research has controverted these two general conclusions. (
  • It is important to demonstrate its clinical effects including efficacy, effectiveness, and harms. (
  • Journalist Maria Shriver and physicians who specialize in geriatric care testified at a hearing on Alzheimer's disease research and prevention. (
  • About 30 percent to 40 percent of the children in the study continue to display delays in language development or problems in concentrating and focusing attention, according to Dr. Chasnoff, who is also president of the National Association for Perinatal Addiction Research and Education. (
  • In the hospital nursery, the earlier research found, these children, known as "the inconsolables," were often highly irritable, shrinking from the caresses that might calm other infants. (
  • She begins by asserting that homeschooling that is not regulated more by the state is likely to harm children in several ways. (
  • She then moves on, from a particular but unspecified worldview, to propose government law and policies to control private homeschooling so that children and youth are less likely to be harmed. (
  • West's first explicit claim regarding the "harms" of homeschooling is as follows: "First, children who are homeschooled with no state regulation are at greater risk for unreported and unnoticed physical abuse, when they are completely isolated in homes" (p. 9). (
  • The study, published in this month's Journal of Family Psychology , looks at five decades of research involving over 160,000 children . (
  • But children who are raised with a strong sense of their ethnic-racial identity are more resilient to the psychological harm that such discrimination inflicts, the study also found. (
  • Through these and other examples, we discuss why overdiagnosis occurs and how it may be harming children. (
  • The aim of this study was to review the published literature and evaluate the association of bariatric surgery with suicide events and suicide/self-harm attempts in patients who have undergone weight loss surgery. (
  • A Cancer Research UK study shows that the potential benefits of a national cervical cancer screening programme for women under the age of 25 are outweighed by the harms, according to research presented at the National Cancer Research Institute Cancer Conference in Liverpool today. (
  • Professor Peter Sasieni, Cancer Research UK's cervical screening expert at Queen Mary University of London, said: "This research quantifies the risks and potential benefits of providing smear tests routinely in women under the age of 25. (
  • It also indicates the scale of the harm that has been done to other NHS patients of devoting £280m of NHS resources to the Cancer Drugs Fund in 2014/15 (a loss of 21,645 QALYs). (
  • We hope to compile a special issue that can provide guidance on design and reporting of TCM clinical research, focusing on clinical trials and systematic reviews of herbal medicine and acupuncture. (
  • The New York Times has published an analysis of a body of research on playground construction designed to be 'safe' and minimize the risk of injury. (
  • AIFS' Executive Manager, Dr Galina Daraganova said the study examined the factors linked to self-harm and found some teens were more at risk than others. (
  • Teens who reported that they were same-sex attracted, bisexual or unsure of their sexuality were at greater risk of self-harm, than heterosexual teens," Dr Daraganova said. (
  • Even though not every teenager who engages in self-harm proceeds with a suicide attempt, self-harm is a risk factor," she said. (
  • I didn't want to risk harming myself. (
  • The self-harm/suicide attempt risk was higher after bariatric surgery within the same population with OR of 1.9 (95% CI 1.23-2.95), and compared to matched control subjects, OR 3.8 (95% CI, 2.19-6.59). (
  • Post-bariatric surgery patients had higher self-harm/suicide attempt risk compared to age-, sex-, and BMI-matched controls. (
  • Who is at risk for self-harm? (
  • Providing reduced-harm alternatives to smokers is likely to result in lower total population risk than pursuing abstinence-only policies. (
  • Self-harm is more common in females than males with this risk being five times greater in the 12-15 age group. (
  • More research is needed to find the best ways to manage pain while minimizing brain development risks. (
  • Methods: Given the pace of change in the market for communication technologies, we review research published since 2008. (
  • The methods used in What Goes Around demonstrated that it is not only possible, but advantageous, to draw from community members' involvement and direction in all stages of a community-based research project. (
  • Other approaches involve avoidance techniques, which focus on keeping the individual occupied with other activities, or replacing the act of self-harm with safer methods that do not lead to permanent damage. (
  • In the HaRRT Center, she works with a multidisciplinary research and clinical team, community-based agencies, traditional Native healers, and substance-using community members to codevelop and evaluate interventions that aim to reduce substance-related harm and improve quality of life for affected individuals and their communities. (
  • Her vision is to co-create with communities a toolbox of harm reduction interventions that empower individuals to reduce their substance-related harm and improve their quality of life. (
  • Over the past decade, she has worked collaboratively with affected communities to develop, evaluate and disseminate programs and interventions that aim to reduce substance related harm and improve quality of life. (
  • Seema L. Clifasefi, PhD, is an associate professor and codirector of the Harm Reduction Research and Treatment (HaRRT) Center in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington-Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, WA. (
  • Using these three techniques in a combined method has been shown to be 70 to 90 percent more effective in killing cancerous cells than other treatments," said Prasoon Diwakar, a postdoctoral research associate in the Purdue School of Nuclear Engineering , who developed PLASMAT along with Ahmed Hassanein, the Paul L. Wattelet Distinguished Professor of Nuclear Engineering. (
  • What the treatments are for self-harm? (