Habits: Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Fingersucking: Sucking of the finger. This is one of the most common manipulations of the body found in young children.Areca: A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. Members contain ARECOLINE and CATECHIN. The leaves and nuts have been used as masticatories, stimulants, and astringents in traditional medicine. The common name of betel is also used for PIPER BETLE. The common name of catechu is sometimes used for ACACIA CATECHU.Tongue Habits: Acquired responses regularly manifested by tongue movement or positioning.Pacifiers: Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Nail Biting: Common form of habitual body manipulation which is an expression of tension.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Sucking Behavior: Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.JapanFeeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Defecation: The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.BrazilTobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Oral Submucous FibrosisCase-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Catha: A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE. The leafy stems of khat are chewed by some individuals for stimulating effect. Members contain ((+)-norpseudoephedrine), cathionine, cathedulin, cathinine & cathidine.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.SwedenExercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Leukoplakia, Oral: A white patch seen on the oral mucosa. It is considered a premalignant condition and is often tobacco-induced. When evidence of Epstein-Barr virus is present, the condition is called hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY).Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).IndiaCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Open Bite: A condition in which certain opposing teeth fail to establish occlusal contact when the jaws are closed.LithuaniaItalySmoking Cessation: Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Mouth Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Sleep Disorders: Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Coleus: A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. The species of Coleus should be distinguished from PLECTRANTHUS BARBATUS - which is also known as Coleus forskohlii.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Trichotillomania: Compulsion to pull out one's hair.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Gastrointestinal Contents: The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Sunscreening Agents: Chemical or physical agents that protect the skin from sunburn and erythema by absorbing or blocking ultraviolet radiation.Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Snacks: Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.Sunburn: An injury to the skin causing erythema, tenderness, and sometimes blistering and resulting from excessive exposure to the sun. The reaction is produced by the ultraviolet radiation in sunlight.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Diet, Mediterranean: A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.Metallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)PolandHealth Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Schools: Educational institutions.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Mouth Mucosa: Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Hobbies: Leisure activities engaged in for pleasure.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.

Physical exercise habit: on the conceptualization and formation of habitual health behaviours. (1/324)

An observation one can make when reviewing the literature on physical activity is that health-enhancing exercise habits tend to wear off as soon as individuals enter adolescence. Therefore, exercise habits should be promoted and preserved early in life. This article focuses on the formation of physical exercise habits. First, the literature on motivational determinants of habitual exercise and related behaviours is discussed, and the concept of habit is further explored. Based on this literature, a theoretical model of exercise habit formation is proposed. More specifically, expanding on the idea that habits are the result of automated cognitive processes, it is argued that physical exercise habits are capable of being automatically activated by the situational features that normally precede these behaviours. These habits may enhance health as a result of consistent performance over a long period of time. Subsequently, obstacles to the formation of exercise habits are discussed and interventions that may anticipate these obstacles are presented. Finally, implications for theory and practice are briefly discussed.  (+info)

Acceptability of computerized self-report of alcohol habits: a patient perspective. (2/324)

The acceptability of computerized assessment of alcohol habits was explored in 57 consecutive out-patients over a 6-month period. Altogether, 46 men and 11 women agreed to complete a paper and pencil questionnaire exploring their opinion about computerized assessment. The study focused on the patients' acceptance of computerized testing and also on whether some sub-groups had reservations. The participants indicated that they had no general anxiety towards computers and did not mind being assessed by their use. Nearly half of the men were not convinced of the usefulness of computers as a means of asking about alcohol habits. The same level of confidence was recorded with regard to whether doctors would make better assessments using computers. Around one-quarter of both men and women were worried that computers might cause doctors to spend less time with the patients and that staff might lose the personal contact with patients. Because of the small sample size, we conclude tentatively that a computerized lifestyle test appears to be an acceptable method both to men and women with different educational backgrounds. However, two important issues need to be further addressed, namely concerns about confidentiality and loss of personal contact.  (+info)

Augmenting simplified habit reversal in the treatment of oral-digital habits exhibited by individuals with mental retardation. (3/324)

We investigated whether a simplified habit reversal treatment eliminates fingernail biting and related oral-digital habits exhibited by individuals with mild to moderate mental retardation. Although simplified habit reversal did little to decrease the target behaviors for 3 of 4 participants, simplified habit reversal plus additional treatment procedures decreased the behavior to near-zero levels for all participants. These procedures included remote prompting, remote contingencies involving differential reinforcement plus response cost, and differential reinforcement of nail growth. Limitations of habit reversal for individuals with mental retardation along with directions for future research involving therapist-mediated treatment procedures, particularly those involving remote prompting and remote contingencies, are discussed.  (+info)

Building neural representations of habits. (4/324)

Memories for habits and skills ("implicit or procedural memory") and memories for facts ("explicit or episodic memory") are built up in different brain systems and are vulnerable to different neurodegenerative disorders in humans. So that the striatum-based mechanisms underlying habit formation could be studied, chronic recordings from ensembles of striatal neurons were made with multiple tetrodes as rats learned a T-maze procedural task. Large and widely distributed changes in the neuronal activity patterns occurred in the sensorimotor striatum during behavioral acquisition, culminating in task-related activity emphasizing the beginning and end of the automatized procedure. The new ensemble patterns remained stable during weeks of subsequent performance of the same task. These results suggest that the encoding of action in the sensorimotor striatum undergoes dynamic reorganization as habit learning proceeds.  (+info)

The association between switching hand preference and the declining prevalence of left-handedness with age. (5/324)

OBJECTIVES: This study determined the prevalence of left-handedness and of switching hand preference among innately left-handed subjects. METHODS: Subjects of Swiss nationality (n = 1692), participating in a population-based survey in Geneva, Switzerland, completed a questionnaire on innate hand preference and current hand preference for writing. RESULTS: From 35 to 44 years of age to 65 to 74 years of age, the prevalence of innate left-handedness declined from 11.9% to 6.2% (trend P = .007). In these same age groups, the proportion of innately left-handed subjects who switched to the right hand for writing increased from 26.6% to 88.9% (trend P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Across generations, we found an increase in the prevalence of switching hand preference among innately left-handed subjects. This phenomenon could be explained by social and parental pressure to use the right hand.  (+info)

Subjective daytime sleepiness in schoolchildren. (6/324)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to find out how the occurrence of subjective daytime sleepiness (SDS) in schoolchildren had changed after 2 years follow-up and which were the predictors associated with persistence and appearance of SDS. METHODS: A total of 107 schoolchildren with SDS (Group 1) and an equal number without SDS (Group 2) were chosen to take part in the questionnaire study (age range 12-20 years). The questions concerned sleeping habits, sleep disorders and daytime sleepiness of the child and the family, progress at school and TV/video watching of the child, and social background of the family. A bivariate method (Pearson's chi-square) was used as a statistical tool. RESULTS: We received 68 replies (64%) from Group 1 and 75 (70%) from Group 2. Fifty-four schoolchildren were still sleepy in Group 1 and 28% had become sleepy in Group 2. The persistence of SDS in Group 1 was related to older age, irregular sleeping habits, frequent night waking and the fathers' sleep difficulties. The appearance of SDS in Group 2 was related to a high average grade at school. CONCLUSION: A delayed sleep phase rhythm and problems staying asleep are obvious causes of persistent SDS, but the stress of schoolwork can also cause daytime sleepiness in schoolchildren.  (+info)

Siestas among Brazilian Native Terena adults : a study of daytime napping. (7/324)

Regular daytime napping behavior, also known as siesta culture, is influenced by circadian, cultural and environmental factors. This research analyzes characteristics of regular daytime napping in Brazilian Native Terenas. We evaluated 65 adults ( 32 M; 33 F ) from 18 to 75 years, with a mean age of 37.2, from the Indian Reservation village Corrego do Meio, in the central region of Mato Grosso do Sul. Daytime napping characteristics were evaluated by means of a standard questionnaire applied to each individual. It was observed that weekly daytime napping (at least once a week) was present in 72. 3% of the population. There was a tendency to occur in males. The effects of weekends was mild. Mean onset time of daytime sleep was 12.2 h, remarkably earlier than usually described in urban populations. This data stresses the need to consider ethnic influences in order to understand sleep habits.  (+info)

The spatial distribution and size of rook (Corvus frugilegus) breeding colonies is affected by both the distribution of foraging habitat and by intercolony competition. (8/324)

Explanations for the variation in the number of nests at bird colonies have focused on competitive or habitat effects without considering potential interactions between the two. For the rook, a colonial corvid which breeds seasonally but forages around the colony throughout the year, both the amount of foraging habitat and its interaction with the number of competitors from surrounding colonies are important predictors of colony size. The distance over which these effects are strongest indicates that, for rooks, colony size may be limited outside of the breeding season when colony foraging ranges are larger and overlap to a greater extent.  (+info)

  • On the one hand, regions of the brain associated with executive decision-making and goal-directed behaviors had shriveled, while, conversely, brain sectors linked to habit formation had bloomed. (healingtaousa.com)
  • Stress before training in the instrumental task rendered participants' behavior insensitive to the change in the value of the food outcomes, that is stress led to habit performance. (jneurosci.org)
  • Instrumental behavior is controlled by two systems: a goal-directed system that learns action-outcome associations and a stimulus-response (S-R) or habit system ( Dickinson, 1985 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • If stress favors habit learning, we would expect that the behavior of stressed subjects is insensitive to the change in the value of the outcomes. (jneurosci.org)
  • In an effort to save others from the ill effects of their second hand smoke, many people have switched their bad habits to smokeless tobacco. (positivearticles.com)
  • But also reveals how plastic the brain is, and that its bad habits can be re-wired. (healingtaousa.com)
  • First, you need to understand that you have etched your bad habits into your brain with years of endless re-enforcement. (motivationtomove.com)
  • Let us have a habit to relate through our consciousness, through the vibration that is Mantra. (3ho.org)
  • This article explores a new explanation for why the common intuition that price volatility is undesirable may be correct: the presence of habit formation in consumption. (repec.org)
  • These results demonstrate for the first time that stress promotes habits at the expense of goal-directed performance in humans. (jneurosci.org)
  • The good thing about habits is that they become automatic as long as you do the same thing at the same time each day (not time like a clock, but time as at the same point in your day - i.e.: after work). (278toboston.com)
  • Based on previous findings showing that stress modulates the interaction of "cognitive" and "habit" memory systems, we asked in the presented study whether stress may coordinate goal-directed and habit processes in instrumental learning. (jneurosci.org)
  • Converging lines of evidence show that stress and the glucocorticoid stress hormones (mainly cortisol in humans) released from the adrenal cortex can operate as a switch between "cognitive" and "habit" learning systems. (jneurosci.org)
  • There have been tons of studies that reveal different ways people can live happier, and many of them are pretty easy to incorporate into your everyday life and habits at home. (apartmenttherapy.com)
  • People with bad habits of smoking often feel much persecuted. (positivearticles.com)
  • It seems that a lot of people have given up their bad habits. (positivearticles.com)
  • There are also legal drugs that people get into bad habits with by starting with an injury or other medical condition. (positivearticles.com)
  • Cutting expenses, growing online shopping, and snapping at the chance to buy cheap plane tickets are the obvious changes in the spending habits of young people since the COVID-19 broke out. (com.vn)
  • Americans regularly purchasing unhealthy food or failing to kick their smoking habit could soon find themselves entertaining phone calls and spontaneous check-ins from their doctors. (rt.com)
  • Lateness, whining and eating smelly food are office workers' most annoying habits. (ragan.com)
  • Habits are an accretive process," says Duhigg. (forbes.com)
  • You can't eradicate a habit," says Duhigg. (forbes.com)
  • Says Duhigg, "When I talk to Jack Welch, Lou Gerstner, people who've run companies, and ask them what's the most surprising thing you think about, they say they think about their company's habits and culture. (forbes.com)
  • However, both men and women share similar risk factors for osteoporosis (e.g., prolonged exposure to certain medications, chronic diseases that affect vital organs, undiagnosed low levels of testosterone , lifestyle habits, age, heredity, race), so methods of intervention are similar. (faqs.org)
  • Compared with sedentary smokers who ate lots of fatty processed foods, participants in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study who had healthy lifestyle habits were found to have an adjusted odds ratio of 0.29 for developing AMD over a six-year span (95% CI 0.09 to 0.75), according to Julie A. Mares, PhD, of the University of Wisconsin in Madison, Wis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Attaching small radio transmitters onto bats to keep tabs on their nocturnal routines and daytime sleeping habits may sound, well, a little batty, but researchers from Mississippi State University say it's a good way to assess the health of a forest. (wired.com)
  • This session introduces participants to the effects of sleep deprivation and reviews some key strategies for what you can do to promote healthy sleeping habits. (uoguelph.ca)
  • It turns out that the habits and hungers of others shape our own, that we unconsciously regress to the dietary norms around us. (wired.com)
  • Questionnaires used to assess nutrition knowledge demonstrate that more than two-thirds of adolescents, especially boys, adolescents from rural environments, and overweight adolescents, have unsatisfactory knowledge about dietary recommendations, sources of nutrients, diet-disease relationships, and dietary habits [ 45 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior found that grocery store−based nutrition counseling was effective in changing dietary habits of patients being treated for hypertension. (elsevier.com)
  • I am looking for some back-door advice on the subject of changing dietary habits. (dailystrength.org)
  • Of course the occasional cheeseburger isn t going to turn you into Rip Van Winkle, but when dietary lapses become daily habits, they can erase years from your life and add years to your appearance. (care2.com)
  • Some habits have the power to start a chain reaction, changing other habits as they move through a person's life. (livemint.com)
  • A habit-which can be part of any activity, ranging from eating and sleeping to thinking and reacting-is developed through reinforcement and repetition . (britannica.com)
  • Hey Guys, A group of UW graduate students are conducting conducting a research project on study habits of UW students looking to apply to medical school. (washington.edu)
  • Effective study habits really do work. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Robert Bjork and fellow PT blogger Nate Kornell have explored some of the study habits of college students in a 2007 paper in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review . (psychologytoday.com)
  • To address this question, Marissa Hartwig and John Dunlosky related the study habits of college students to their grade point average (GPA) in a 2012 paper in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review . (psychologytoday.com)
  • It's also wise to think in terms of simple habits, not incredibly complicated ones. (stevepavlina.com)
  • Simple habits are easier to install and maintain. (stevepavlina.com)
  • We might not be able to reprogram ourselves, but we can use the principles of debugging to help ourselves build better habits. (lifehacker.com)
  • It took several weeks for them to learn the task, and as they became more accurate, the researchers saw the same beginning-and-end firing patterns develop in the striatum that they had seen in their previous habit studies. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the decade-long study, researchers observed newly married couples for upwards of nine years in order to analyze their drinking habits' effects on their marriages. (philly.com)
  • Failure to match up in drinking habits, researchers say, hints strongly at a lack of compatibility, which divorced couples cite as the second most common reason for their splits. (philly.com)
  • It's one thing if you nervously bite your nails only during scary movies, but when it becomes a regular habit, it can damage both your nails and the skin around them, said Dr. Michael Shapiro, a New York City-based dermatologist. (foxnews.com)
  • These are my top principles for forming habits. (zenhabits.net)
  • Habits, as discussed by William James in his Principles of Psychology, are useful as the means for conserving higher mental processes for more demanding tasks, but they promote behavioral inflexibility. (britannica.com)
  • New habits are created by putting together a cue, a routine and a reward, and then cultivating a craving that drives the loop. (acefitness.org)
  • You might be aware that you have a habit/routine of eating a nightly bowl of ice cream, but you may have no idea what the cue is. (acefitness.org)
  • These neurons, located in a brain region highly involved in habit formation, fire at the outset of a learned routine, go quiet while it is carried out, then fire again once the routine has ended. (eurekalert.org)
  • Minerals belonging to the same crystal system do not necessarily exhibit the same habit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Digital transformation leaders that exhibit these six habits enjoy better financial performance than companies that have yet to adopt them. (ey.com)
  • As some of you know, fitness habits are what started me along the path to changing my life. (zenhabits.net)
  • A healthy lifestyle starts with changing your habits and ends with long-term results. (zenhabits.net)
  • You will be changing many little habits over the course of the next few years, and the order of those habits is unimportant. (zenhabits.net)
  • Healthy habits are hard to develop and often require changing your mindset. (healthline.com)
  • Better the bond between you and your horse by changing some of your own horse-training habits. (aqha.com)
  • AQHA's "Fundamentals of Horsemanship" explains the importance of changing your habits to become a true partner with your horse. (aqha.com)
  • Marketers trying to engage college-age consumers need to understand how spending habits (and motivations) are changing in order to provide the most relevant brand experiences and capture this hard-to-pin-down market. (experian.com)
  • Are shopping habits over the festive season changing? (itv.com)
  • A rule that requires New York City fast food restaurants to post calorie information on their menu boards has not changed consumer habits in low-income neighborhoods, according to a study published on Tuesday. (ibtimes.com)
  • more often faces are poorly formed or unformed against adjacent grains and the mineral's habit may not be easily recognized. (wikipedia.org)
  • Usually with coffee, a person will decide to reduce or quit the habit because of the negative effects of the caffeine. (lifehack.org)
Rabbits: Habits, Diet & Other Facts
Rabbits: Habits, Diet & Other Facts (livescience.com)
Preventing Stroke: Healthy Living Habits | cdc.gov
Preventing Stroke: Healthy Living Habits | cdc.gov (cdc.gov)
American eating habits hurting restaurants
American eating habits hurting restaurants (chicagobusiness.com)
Avoiding Aggressive Driving Habits | GEICO
Avoiding Aggressive Driving Habits | GEICO (geico.com)
These 5 Social Media Habits Are Linked with Depression
These 5 Social Media Habits Are Linked with Depression (livescience.com)
Drinking Statistics by Income - Chart of Drinking Habits vs Income
Drinking Statistics by Income - Chart of Drinking Habits vs Income (esquire.com)
Beat smoking and other habits with self-control techniques and games - CNN
Beat smoking and other habits with self-control techniques and games - CNN (cnn.com)
Regular marijuana habit changes your brain, study says - CNN
Regular marijuana habit changes your brain, study says - CNN (cnn.com)
7 Ways Bad Cycling Habits Hurt Your Knees | Bicycling
7 Ways Bad Cycling Habits Hurt Your Knees | Bicycling (bicycling.com)
Ethan Suplee's Workout To Stay Fit and Maintain Healthy Habits
Ethan Suplee's Workout To Stay Fit and Maintain Healthy Habits (menshealth.com)
Sleep Hygiene - Healthy Sleep Habits - NYEE
Sleep Hygiene - Healthy Sleep Habits - NYEE (nyee.edu)
6 Behaviors to Avoid When You're Retiring | Bad Retirement Habits - Beliefnet
6 Behaviors to Avoid When You're Retiring | Bad Retirement Habits - Beliefnet (beliefnet.com)
Guttate psoriasis - two lifestyle habits that trigger rash | Express.co.uk
Guttate psoriasis - two lifestyle habits that trigger rash | Express.co.uk (express.co.uk)
Country-specific examples of social media: Global Media Habits Appendix | Pew Research Center
Country-specific examples of social media: Global Media Habits Appendix | Pew Research Center (pewresearch.org)
Julie Revelant | Healthy Kids + Healthy Eating + Healthy Habits (julierevelant) on Pinterest
Julie Revelant | Healthy Kids + Healthy Eating + Healthy Habits (julierevelant) on Pinterest (pinterest.com)
Tony Kanaan Talks Fitness and Nutritional Habits of a Race Car Driver | Men's Health
Tony Kanaan Talks Fitness and Nutritional Habits of a Race Car Driver | Men's Health (menshealth.com)
Unusual Horse Eating Habits  | Purina Animal Nutrition
Unusual Horse Eating Habits | Purina Animal Nutrition (purinamills.com)
Proper Feeding Habits for Multiple Cats | Hill's Pet
Proper Feeding Habits for Multiple Cats | Hill's Pet (hillspet.co.uk)
Rabbit and Bear: Rabbit's Bad Habits by Julian Gough, Jim Field · Readings.com.au
Rabbit and Bear: Rabbit's Bad Habits by Julian Gough, Jim Field · Readings.com.au (readings.com.au)
Is Masturbating Really An Unhealthy Habit?
Is Masturbating Really An Unhealthy Habit? (lelo.com)
Telluride 2005 - Movie Habit
Telluride 2005 - Movie Habit (moviehabit.com)
Perfect Overnight Oats  #Paleo #food #recipe #keto #diet #OvernightOats | Food, Paleo dishes, Healthy eating habits
Perfect Overnight Oats #Paleo #food #recipe #keto #diet #OvernightOats | Food, Paleo dishes, Healthy eating habits (pinterest.com)
Cash Based Society - Australia's Modern Day Spending Habits
Cash Based Society - Australia's Modern Day Spending Habits (australianlendingcentre.com.au)
Dental Care Tips for Children how to help them grow good habits - MomTrends
Dental Care Tips for Children how to help them grow good habits - MomTrends (momtrends.com)
Healthy Eating Habits for Improved Liver Health | Healthy Recipes from Amsety.com | Healthy soup recipes, Healthy soup, Food
Healthy Eating Habits for Improved Liver Health | Healthy Recipes from Amsety.com | Healthy soup recipes, Healthy soup, Food (pinterest.com)
Paleo plantain recipes, good way to lose weight fast at home, fat loss happens on monday habit-based diet & workout hacks
Paleo plantain recipes, good way to lose weight fast at home, fat loss happens on monday habit-based diet & workout hacks (s3.amazonaws.com)
A man breaks his bad habit of smoking | Stock image | Colourbox
A man breaks his bad habit of smoking | Stock image | Colourbox (colourbox.com)
The Motivation System from The Power of Good Habits - Online Class with Art Markman | CreativeLive
The Motivation System from The Power of Good Habits - Online Class with Art Markman | CreativeLive (creativelive.com)
5 Daily Habits to Lose Weight and Feel Your Best | My Bariatric Life | Yoga for diabetes, Fitness tips, Thigh exercises
5 Daily Habits to Lose Weight and Feel Your Best | My Bariatric Life | Yoga for diabetes, Fitness tips, Thigh exercises (pinterest.com)