Guinea Pigs: A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.Guinea: A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.Papua New Guinea: A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.New Guinea: Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.Equatorial Guinea: A republic in central Africa, bordering the Bay of Biafra, CAMEROON is to the north and GABON to the south. Its capital is Malabo.Scurvy: An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.Ascorbic Acid Deficiency: A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Trachea: The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Histamine: An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.Hypersensitivity, Delayed: An increased reactivity to specific antigens mediated not by antibodies but by cells.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Myenteric Plexus: One of two ganglionated neural networks which together form the ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM. The myenteric (Auerbach's) plexus is located between the longitudinal and circular muscle layers of the gut. Its neurons project to the circular muscle, to other myenteric ganglia, to submucosal ganglia, or directly to the epithelium, and play an important role in regulating and patterning gut motility. (From FASEB J 1989;3:127-38)Bronchoconstriction: Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.Perilymph: The fluid separating the membranous labyrinth from the osseous labyrinth of the ear. It is entirely separate from the ENDOLYMPH which is contained in the membranous labyrinth. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1396, 642)Cochlea: The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.Roseolovirus: A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily BETAHERPESVIRINAE, whose viruses have been isolated from lymphocytes. HERPESVIRUS 6, HUMAN is the type species.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Papillary Muscles: Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Skin Tests: Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.Galliformes: An order of heavy-bodied, largely terrestrial BIRDS including pheasants, TURKEYS, grouse, QUAIL, and CHICKENS.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Dracunculiasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus Dracunculus. One or more worms may be seen at a time, with the legs and feet being the most commonly infected areas. Symptoms include pruritus, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or asthmatic attacks.Dracunculus Nematode: A genus of nematode parasites which inhabit the body cavity, serous membranes, and connective tissues of vertebrates. The parasitic species in humans is Dracunculus medinensis.Hemorrhagic Fever, American: Diseases caused by American hemorrhagic fever viruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD).Pyrilamine: A histamine H1 antagonist. It has mild hypnotic properties and some local anesthetic action and is used for allergies (including skin eruptions) both parenterally and locally. It is a common ingredient of cold remedies.Ovalbumin: An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)South AmericaAfrica, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.North AmericaPropaganda: The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.BooksLeasing, Property: Contractual arrangement between the lessor (owner) and the lessee in which the use of equipment or facilities is granted to the lessee for a period of time and at a specified rate.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Perforin: A calcium-dependent pore-forming protein synthesized in cytolytic LYMPHOCYTES and sequestered in secretory granules. Upon immunological reaction between a cytolytic lymphocyte and a target cell, perforin is released at the plasma membrane and polymerizes into transmembrane tubules (forming pores) which lead to death of a target cell.New YorkPaeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Micropore Filters: A membrane or barrier with micrometer sized pores used for separation purification processes.Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Group Practice: Any group of three or more full-time physicians organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of health care services, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.

Semi-nested, multiplex polymerase chain reaction for detection of human malaria parasites and evidence of Plasmodium vivax infection in Equatorial Guinea. (1/80)

A semi-nested, multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on the amplification of the sequences of the 18S small subunit ribosomal RNA (ssrRNA) gene was tested in a field trial in Equatorial Guinea (a hyperendemic focus of malaria in west central Africa). The method uses a primary PCR amplification reaction with a universal reverse primer and two forward primers specific for the genus Plasmodium and to mammals (the mammalian-specific primer was included as a positive control to distinguish uninfected cases from inhibition of the PCR). The second amplification is carried out with the same Plasmodium genus-specific forward primer and four specific reverse primers for each human Plasmodium species. The PCR amplified products are differentiated by fragment size after electrophoresis on a 2% agarose gel. Four villages from three regions of the island of Bioko (Equatorial Guinea) and two suspected Plasmodium vivax-P. ovale infections from the hospital of Malabo were tested by microscopy and PCR. The PCR method showed greater sensitivity and specificity than microscopic examination and confirmed the existence of a focus of P. vivax infections in Equatorial Guinea suspected by microscopic examination. It also provided evidence of several mixed infections, mainly P. falciparum and P. malariae, the two predominant species causing malaria in Equatorial Guinea.  (+info)

Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections with special reference to Entamoeba histolytica on the island of Bioko (Equatorial Guinea). (2/80)

The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was assessed (1993 through 1995) among two different groups of persons on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. In the first group, parasitologic examinations were performed on stool specimens from a household-based sample of 557 dwellers from the rural area of the island. In the second group, 1,633 inpatients and outpatients at the General Hospital of Malabo (the capital of the country) were studied. All age groups were represented in both groups. The average prevalence of the most common protozoan and helminthic intestinal infections in rural and urban areas, respectively, was as follows: Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar (14.9% and 32.7%, respectively), Giardia lamblia (7.2% and 8.6%), Ascaris lumbricoides (45.8% and 31.4%), and Trichuris trichiura (25.7% and 36.4%). Seventy-nine sera from patients with amebic liver abscess (suspected by ultrasonography) were studied by an immunohemagglutination assay, with 44 (56%) showing anti-E. histolytica titers > or = 1:32. Of these 79 sera, 71 were studied by an enzyme immunoassay, 86% of which were positive with titers > or = 1:64. This study showed that parasitic infections in Equatorial Guinea represent a major health problem.  (+info)

The cost-effectiveness of forty health interventions in Guinea. (3/80)

Addressing diseases of a high burden with the most cost-effective interventions could do much to reduce disease in the population. We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of 40 health interventions in Guinea, a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa, using local data. Interventions were selected from treatment protocols at health centres, first referral hospitals and national programmes in Guinea, based upon consultation with health care providers and government plans. For each intervention, we calculated the costs (comprising labour, drugs, supplies, equipment, and overhead) in relation to years of life saved, discounted at 3%. The results show that the per capita costs and effectiveness of any intervention vary considerably. Average costs show no clear pattern by level of care, but effectiveness is generally highest for curative hospital interventions. Several interventions have a cost-effectiveness of US$100 per year of life saved (LYS) or less, and address more than 5% of total years of life lost. These include health centre interventions such as: treatment of childhood pneumonia ($3/LYS); rehydration therapy for diarrhoea ($7/LYS); integrated management of childhood pneumonia, malaria and diarrhoea ($8/LYS); short-course treatment of tuberculosis ($12/LYS); treatment of childhood malaria ($13/LYS), and childhood vaccination ($25/LYS). Outreach programmes for impregnated bed nets against malaria cost $43/LYS. Maternal and perinatal diseases, have slightly less cost-effective interventions: integrated family planning, prenatal and delivery care at health centres ($109/LYS) or outreach programmes to provide prenatal and delivery care ($283/LYS). A minimum package of health services would cost approximately $13 per capita, and would address a large proportion (69%) of major causes of premature mortality. This minimum package would cost about three times the current public spending on health, suggesting that health spending needs to rise to achieve good health outcomes.  (+info)

Nematode intestinal parasites of children in rural Guinea, Africa: prevalence and relationship to geophagia. (4/80)

BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitism is common among children in developing countries, but the risk factors for infection are not well characterized. METHODS: A stool examination was performed on 286 randomly selected children aged 1-18 years from three rural villages in Guinea, Africa. Information collected by questionnaire was used to examine the relationship between geophagia and infection with intestinal nematodes acquired by ingestion versus skin penetration. RESULTS: Fifty-three per cent of children were infected by at least one type of soil-transmitted nematode. Geophagia was reported by parents to occur in 57%, 53%, and 43%, of children ages 1-5, 6-10, and 11-18 years, respectively. The pattern of geophagia by age and gender of the children more closely resembled the infection pattern for the two orally acquired and soil-transmitted nematodes (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura) than it did the infection pattern for the two soil-transmitted nematodes that infect by skin penetration (hookworm, Strongyloides stercoralis). CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that geophagia is an important risk factor for orally acquired nematode infections in African children. Education regarding geophagia prevention should be an integral component of any soil-transmitted parasite control programme.  (+info)

Induction of histamine release in parasitized individuals by somatic and cuticular antigens from Onchocerca volvulus. (5/80)

The host immune response in onchocerciasis is believed to contribute to the clinical manifestations of infection. Mazzotti and chronic inflammatory reactions might be mediated by mechanisms involving specific IgE and reactivity of mast cells and basophils to the parasite antigens. In this report, we show that Onchocerca volvulus antigens are capable of inducing histamine release. Three types of extracts were prepared from the parasite: soluble total, surface, and cuticular collagen. Soluble extracts released histamine in all individuals with onchocerciasis at significantly higher levels (P < 0.05) than those found in endemic controls, but similar levels to those found in patients with mansonellosis. However, cuticular collagen induced significantly (P < 0.01) higher histamine release in patients with onchocerciasis than in those with mansonellosis. No reactivity against human type IV collagen was observed. Implications derived from the presence of sensitized basophils in the pathogenesis of onchocerciasis are discussed.  (+info)

Analysis of renal function in onchocerciasis patients before and after therapy. (6/80)

The occurrence of renal abnormalities was investigated in patients with onchocerciasis in comparison to individuals without onchocerciasis in Guinea. Serum creatinine levels, excretion of urinary marker proteins, and kidney size by ultrasound were determined. A high prevalence of glomerular as well as tubular dysfunctions was observed; however, no association with onchocerciasis could be detected. We also hypothesized that patients with hyperreactive onchocerciasis might be prone to develop immune-mediated glomerular disorders; however, this could not be verified. Following treatment with ivermectin, a slight but significant increase in the excretion of urinary albumin and alpha1-microglobulin was seen five days after treatment in all treated patients, whereas levels of proteinuria were significantly higher five days after treatment only in patients with high microfilarial densities. Our results indicate that ivermectin can cause glomerular and tubular disturbances in patients with onchocerciasis; however, these are minor and do not seem to be clinically relevant.  (+info)

Detection of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in sleeping sickness suspects by PCR amplification of expression-site-associated genes 6 and 7. (7/80)

We have developed a sensitive and specific method to identify Trypanosoma brucei ssp. using PCR to amplify conserved expression-site-associated gene 6 and 7 DNA target sequences. Amplification of 10% of the DNA in a single trypanosome produced sufficient PCR product to be visible as a band in an agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide. We analysed 59 blood samples of serologically positive cases of sleeping sickness by PCR, and directed parasitological examination of tissue fluids. The PCR test detected 87% of the parasitologically positive cases, with a specificity of 97%. In 5 cases, the parasite was demonstrated by the PCR test 4-6 months prior to parasitological detection. This result shows the potential of the assay in early diagnosis of actual T. b. gambiense infections in apparently aparasitaemic sleeping sickness patients.  (+info)

Quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group O load in plasma by measuring reverse transcriptase activity. (8/80)

We have evaluated the use of an ultrasensitive reverse transcriptase (RT) activity assay to monitor plasma viremia in two human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) group O-infected patients treated with stavudine, lamivudine, and indinavir. After a initial decline in RT levels observed at 4 weeks of therapy, RT-based plasma viremia returned to baseline values at 28 or 44 weeks of treatment. The rebound in levels of RT activity was associated with the detection of phenotypic resistance to lamivudine and with the Met184Val mutation. Analysis of RT activity in plasma provides a sequence-independent means of monitoring virus loads in HIV-1 group O-infected patients.  (+info)

  • CONAKRY, Guinea (AP) - Samples from victims of a viral hemorrhagic fever that has killed more than 50 people in Guinea have tested positive for the Ebola virus, government officials said Sunday, marking the first time an outbreak among humans has been detected in this West African nation. (
  • Objectives: To describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic characteristics of thyroid disease at the University Hospital of Conakry, Guinea. (
  • In Guinea, the frequency of thyroid disease in endocrinology consultations at Conakry University Hospital was 3% in 2007, dominated by hyperthyroidism . (
  • Karim developed a way to deliver affordable dental services to his community in Conakry, Guinea, but still had trouble reaching new patients. (
  • The Ebola virus has been identified as the source of an outbreak of hemorrhagic fever in southern Guinea, the west African nation. (
  • In Guinea, a country with a weak medical infrastructure, an outbreak like this can be devastating," Dr. Mo-hamed Ag Ayoya, country representative for UNICEF, said in a statement Sunday noting that three children had died in the outbreak. (
  • Le délai moyen de consultation en milieu spécialisé était de 16,8 ± 2,3 mois avec des extrêmes de 2 heures et 37 mois et seuls 29,6 % (n = 13) des patients ont consulté en milieu spécialisé durant la semaine de survenue de l'accident de circoncision. (
  • Guinea is currently our 160th largest goods trading partner with $133 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2018. (
  • The U.S. goods trade surplus with Guinea was $121 million in 2018. (
  • Guinea was the United States' 143rd largest goods export market in 2018. (
  • U.S. goods exports to Guinea in 2018 were $127 million, up 23.4% ($24 million) from 2017 and up 24.9% from 2008. (
  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Guinea totaled $11 million in 2018. (
  • Guinea was the United States' 183rd largest supplier of goods imports in 2018. (
  • U.S. goods imports from Guinea totaled $6 million in 2018, up 2.3% ($135 thousand) from 2017, but down 94% from 2008. (
  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Guinea totaled $891 thousand in 2018. (
  • As of the end of February 2018, South Sudan, which gained independence from Sudan in 2011, has recorded zero cases of Guinea worm disease for 15 consecutive months. (
  • Street vendors sell food and goods on a street in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, on Sunday, Feb. 11, 2018. (
  • Authorities have started the countdown to the end of Ebola in Guinea, the last country still reporting cases after nearly two years and more than 11,000 deaths worldwide, health officials said Tuesday. (
  • To date 24 clinical samples from Guinea have tested positive by PCR for the ebolavirus in samples from cases in Conakry (11), Guékédou (6) and Macenta (7). (
  • CONAKRY, Aug 14 (Reuters) - Guinea has declared a public health emergency over an Ebola epidemic that has killed more than 1,000 people in three West African states and is sending health workers to all affected border points, a government official said. (
  • FILE - A health care worker, right, takes the temperatures of schoolchildren for signs of the Ebola virus before they enter their school in Conakry, Guinea, Jan. 19, 2015. (
  • On Tuesday, April 25, 2017, the Seattle Animal Shelter served as the Western Washington transport hub to receive almost 100 guinea pigs from eastern Oregon. (
  • In 2017, there were only 20 villages with cases of Guinea worm disease in two countries, both in Africa, compared to 23,735 villages in 21 countries on two continents in 1991. (
  • The Washington Post examines global efforts to eradicate Guinea worm disease, writing, "The parasitic infection which has sickened millions, mostly in Asia and Africa, is on the verge of being done in not by sophisticated medicine but by aggressive public health efforts in some of the poorest and most remote parts of the world. (
  • The Globe and Mail profiles former President Jimmy Carter and the Carter Center's decades-long efforts to eradicate guinea worm disease, also known as dracunculiasis. (
  • Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter is appealing to countries and donors to eradicate guinea worm disease from the world once and for all. (
  • He first joined the Center in 1987 as the senior consultant for the health programs, leading the Center's efforts to eradicate Guinea worm disease and river blindness worldwide. (
  • Prior to joining The Carter Center, Weiss was a U.S. Peace Corps volunteer in Ghana, focusing on improving access to water and sanitation facilities, increasing awareness about HIV/AIDS, strengthening community-based health education, and assisting in the effort to eradicate Guinea worm disease. (
  • Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced today that the international Guinea worm eradication campaign spearheaded by the Carter Center has reached its final stages with only 542 cases reported worldwide in 2012," a Carter Center press release reports. (
  • The Carter Center, together with its partners, recognizes continued progress in the global Guinea worm eradication campaign. (
  • November 17, 2016 - A new World Bank report has identified a lack of ownership, tariffs and issues with resolving community conflict as barriers to sustainable water supply and sanitation in Papua New Guinea. (
  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Guinea (stock) was $11 million in 2016 (latest data available). (
  • In 2016, only three countries - Chad, Ethiopia, and South Sudan, reported a total of 25 human cases of Guinea worm disease. (
  • Cholera epidemics regularly resurge in Guinea-Bissau. (
  • In many areas of Guinea-Bissau, basic infrastructures appear to be largely inefficient. (
  • More than 80 percent of people in Guinea-Bissau - one of the poorest countries in the world - earn a living from agriculture. (
  • Guinea-Bissau , country of western Africa . (
  • The country also uses the name of its capital, Bissau , to distinguish it from Guinea , its neighbour to the east and south. (
  • The French pressured both the northern and southern borders of what is now Guinea-Bissau and placed the Casamance region of southern Senegal fully under French rule after the late 19th century. (
  • a long-running dispute between the two powers resulted with Guinea-Bissau under Portuguese rule. (
  • Guinea-Bissau is bounded by Senegal to the north, Guinea to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. (
  • Almost all of Guinea-Bissau is low-lying and bathed daily by tidal waters that reach as far as 62 miles (100 km) inland. (
  • Some eastern portions of Guinea-Bissau form a part of the upper basin of the Gambia River system. (
  • Guinea-Bissau has a generally tropical climate influenced by the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), a belt of converging trade winds that circles the Earth near the Equator. (
  • Measles and atopy in Guinea-Bissau. (
  • We conducted a historical cohort study in Bandim, a semi-rural district of Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau. (
  • The regional bloc has imposed diplomatic and economic sanctions on the junta and has warned it will deploy troops to Guinea-Bissau if constitutional rule is not restored. (
  • Guinea-Bissau has endured numerous coups and attempted coups in the past 30 years. (
  • Government officials in Guinea-Bissau worry that the impact of economic sanctions will be limited because coup leaders will continue to fund their operations through drug sales. (
  • Now that Mali was no longer such an easy option, both Guinea and Senegal, which border to Guinea Bissau to the south and north, were at risk of becoming replacement routes, Mr Condé alleged. (
  • The reason I went to Guinea Bissau was that it isn't a tourist destination. (
  • Today, he represents Guinea Bissau in the United Nations. (
  • When I started filming da Silva, I asked, "Guinea Bissau has a reputation for being a narco-state and a hub for the sale of guns. (
  • Narco-traffic didn't start with Guinea Bissau and it won't end there. (
  • At the same time, it is evident that there is cocaine traffic going through Guinea Bissau. (
  • Travelling in Guinea-Bissau is not always easy, but for those with a sense of adventure and an open mind it can be extremely rewarding. (
  • Few people could find Guinea-Bissau on the map, but those who do discover it experience a country that keeps ancient traditions alive, loves a carnival and can serve up pristine beaches where saltwater hippos wander. (
  • Find out more in our Guinea-Bissau travel guide. (
  • Tiny Guinea-Bissau, sandwiched between its beefier West African neighbours Senegal and Guinea, is overlooked, little known or at best, prone to mixed press. (
  • The country s gorgeous coast is the focus of most tours, and the jewel in Guinea-Bissau s crown is the Bijagos Archipelago 80 odd islands where sacred rites and saltwater hippos are among the unusual highlights. (
  • Find out more about Bijagos and the country s other highlights in our Guinea-Bissau travel guide. (
  • Guinea-Bissau is a difficult country to navigate independently, so joining a specialist small group trip is the best way to travel. (
  • Most yours of Guinea-Bissau focus on its superb coastline, made up of lagoons and wide tidal estuaries flanked by mangrove swamps, so you ll be boarding a boat, too, at some point. (
  • The national authorities of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia have activated their national emergency committees, prepared EHF response plans and carried out needs assessments. (
  • Among the signs of the regional economic impact, Ivory Coast will not allow any ships from Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia to enter its port at Abidjan, according to a port statement. (
  • The Guinea Highlands is a densely forested mountainous plateau extending from central Guinea through northern Sierra Leone and Liberia to western Côte d'Ivoire. (
  • The WHO representative in Papua New Guinea, Dr Luo Dapeng said: "The confirmation of polio in an urban area is very worrisome, and WHO and partners are working together to support the government to continue to actively search for all possible polio cases, rapidly scale up the response in Port Moresby with the emergency vaccination and embark on a nationwide vaccination in the succeeding rounds of the campaign. (
  • CDC's global health security efforts in Guinea improve the country's ability to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease outbreaks before they become epidemics that could affect global populations. (
  • the country's oil reserves are located mainly in the Gulf of Guinea. (
  • President Alpha Condé, a former freedom fighter who once described himself as the 'Mandela and Obama of Guinea', won almost 60 per cent of the vote , the country's official election body announced on Saturday. (
  • The world's newest nation, South Sudan, has succeeded in interrupting transmission of Guinea worm disease, the country's minister of health announced Wednesday at The Carter Center. (
  • If the world were to legalize most drugs, Guinea Bissau's feeble economy would disintegrate since their underground narco-economy is bigger than the entire country's GDP. (
  • The island of New Guinea contains some of the earliest archaeological evidence for modern humans outside of Africa, dating back to ~50 ka ( 1 ). (
  • The guinea worm, a parasite of humans, is found in tropical regions of Asia and Africa and in the West Indies and tropical South America . (
  • Residents in Guinea share their views with the BBC's Africa Have Your Say about the death of President Lansana Conte and an announcement by the military about its takeover. (
  • When the Center began leading the international campaign to eradicate the parasitic disease in 1986, there were an estimated 3.5 million Guinea worm cases occurring annually in Africa and Asia. (
  • 10 Guinea (/ˈɡɪni/ ( listen)), officially the Republic of Guinea (French: République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa. (
  • Guinea is a traditional name for the region of Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea. (
  • The objective of the project is to expand access to maternal, child health and nutrition services in Faranah and Labe, two of the poorest regions in Guinea. (
  • On Friday in Faranah in Upper Guinea, angry students attacked and destroyed a transit center for Ebola patients and set fire to a vehicle belonging to Doctors Without Borders. (
  • Key Points: Expected seasonal forecast of overall average to slightly below average in the Southern Gulf of Guinea countries. (
  • 8 Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Post Office Box 60, Goroka, Papua New Guinea. (
  • Papua New Guinea was likely a stepping stone for human migration from Asia to Australia. (
  • analyzed genome-wide autosomal data from several peoples in Papua New Guinea and determined population structure, divergence, and temporal size changes on the island. (
  • We performed genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping on 381 individuals from 85 language groups in Papua New Guinea and find a sharp divide originating 10 to 20 ka between lowland and highland groups and a lack of non-New Guinean admixture in the latter. (
  • However, genetic differentiation between groups in Papua New Guinea is much stronger than in comparable regions in Eurasia, demonstrating that such a transition does not necessarily limit the genetic and linguistic diversity of human societies. (
  • Warning: The following video contains extremely disturbing images A shocking video has surfaced online showing four naked women in Papua New Guinea being burned and tortured for "remov[ing] and eating. (
  • A tribe in Papua New Guinea has developed a gene that's resistant to degenerative brain diseases - after years of. (
  • CANBERRA, Australia - Several communities were evacuated and some international flights were diverted Friday after a volcanic eruption on Papua New Guinea. (
  • Get to the heart of Papua New Guinea with one of Lonely Planet's in-depth, award-winning guidebooks. (
  • Childhood immunisation rates stand at just 47 per cent in Papua New Guinea. (
  • Papua New Guinea is one of the poorest countries in the world with those in remote communities very difficult to reach. (
  • Family violence in Papua New Guinea is an emergency. (
  • In a 2013 study on Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea that endured a 10 year conflict, 80 percent of men who had ever had a partner reported that they had perpetrated physical and/or sexual violence against a partner. (
  • In 2013, Papua New Guinea passed a new law, the Family Protection Act (FPA), which makes family violence a crime, punishable by up to two years in prison and/or a fine of nearly US$2,000. (
  • Garner P . Smoking in Papua New Guinea. (
  • Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea off the north east corner of Australia. (
  • The Anglican Province of Papua New Guinea is made up of five dioceses - Aipo Rongo, Dogura, New Guinea Islands, Popondota and Port Moresby. (
  • HIV/AIDS is a rapidly growing problem within Papua New Guinea, and Anglicare, an agency of the Diocese of Port Moresby, is engaged in a major StopAIDS programme which is making a significant contribution to AIDS education both in the nation's capital and in the country as a whole. (
  • Landowner Sakas Aonomo, his wife Tusue Sakas and daughter, Warume Sakas, walking through Log Camp 56, Papua New Guinea. (
  • Guinea worm disease, a neglected tropical disease (NTD), is caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis . (
  • There is neither a drug treatment for Guinea worm disease nor a vaccine to prevent it. (
  • Guinea worm disease is transmitted by drinking unfiltered water from ponds and other stagnant surface water sources. (
  • Center: A health worker providing education to children about how to avoid getting Guinea worm disease. (
  • These efforts help Guinea reach the targets outlined in the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA), a global partnership launched in 2014 to help make the world safer from infectious disease threats. (
  • guinea worm disease A female guinea worm ( Dracunculus medinensis ) emerging from the leg of a person suffering from guinea worm disease. (
  • Relatives of Ebola victims are transporting their bodies on public transportation in Guinea, seating the corpses upright between other passengers to skirt health controls and contributing to the spread of the deadly disease here, authorities said. (
  • The New York Times on Monday profiled Donald Hopkins, who is leading the fight to eradicate Guinea worm in his role as "vice president for health programs at the Carter Center, the group founded by former President Jimmy Carter to advance human rights and fight disease. (
  • According to the newspaper, "In 2011, there were 1,060 cases of guinea worm disease identified in the world, in four countries," and "staff and volunteers from the Carter Center have visited every one of the 26,500 villages where guinea worm was identified" to provide education on prevention, as well as treatment. (
  • Ghana on Thursday declared the eradication of Guinea worm in the country, after a 23-year fight against the disease, the Associated Press/Seattle Times reports. (
  • The triumphs of recent biology - understanding hereditary disease, the modern theory of evolution - are all thanks to the fruit fly, the guinea pig, the zebra fish and a handful of other organisms, which have helped us unravel one of life's greatest mysteries - inheritance. (
  • Adam Weiss served as a Carter Center technical advisor to national Guinea worm eradication programs in Ethiopia and Ghana between 2005 and 2011, providing technical and program management support for all interventions to stop the transmission of Guinea worm disease. (
  • he provided technical and managerial support, supervising all interventions to stop transmission of Guinea worm disease within five endemic zones in the southwest regions of Chad. (
  • Only 22 cases of Guinea worm disease were reported worldwide in 2015, an 83 percent reduction from the 126 cases reported in 2014, the greatest single percentage reduction in human cases in the history of the global campaign. (
  • Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and The Carter Center congratulate Ghana on being certified by the World Health Organization this week as having eliminated Guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis), a water-borne parasitic disease poised to be the second human disease in history to be eradicated. (
  • When female Guinea worms erupt from the skin of individuals, various bacterial infections often further complicate the disease. (
  • Janet Vorwald Dohner, The encyclopedia of historic and endangered livestock and poultry breeds, Yale University Press, 2001, s.v. "Guinea Hog" ISBN 0-300-08880-9 R. A. Donkin, "The peccary: with observations on the introduction of pigs to the New World", Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, American Philosophical Society, 1985 ISBN 0-87169-755-6. (
  • In general, Guinea-Bissau's smallholder farmers do not produce enough rice to feed their families throughout the year. (
  • Tidal penetration into the interior, facilitated by Guinea-Bissau's flat coastal topography , carries some agricultural advantage: the surge of brackish water can be used to irrigate the extensive drowned rice paddies called bolanhas . (
  • Anticolonial warfare had a devastating effect on Guinea-Bissau's soils. (
  • Guinea-Bissau's three ecological zones-the tidal estuaries , the heavily forested interior plain, and the savanna-are home to remarkably diverse flora and fauna. (
  • Guinea-Bissau's population is dominated by more than 20 African ethnicities , including the Balante, one of the largest ethnic groups in the country, the numerous Fulani and their many subgroups, the Diola, the Nalu, the Bijagó, the Landuma , the Papel ( Pepel), and the Malinke . (
  • Guinea Bissau's Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Junior gives a press conference after a meeting with Portuguese President Anibal Cavaco Silva at the Belem presidential palace in Lisbon. (
  • The United Nations secretary-general has called on Guinea-Bissau's junta to hand over power to civilians immediately. (
  • Guinea Bissau's military seized power in mid-April and has refused to allow the return of ousted interim president Raimundo Pereira. (
  • Some fly a cargo plane full of cocaine and land it on one of Guinea Bissau's unpaved and clandestine airports, some of which are located in the archipelago. (
  • Though better known for its military coups and government crises, Guinea-Bissau's swashbuckling charm, faded grandeur and stunning natural assets prove some things are above politics. (
  • The Guinea Highlands are the source of many of West Africa's rivers, including the Niger River, West Africa's longest river, the Senegal and Gambia rivers, and the rivers of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Maritime Guinea, and western Côte d'Ivoire. (
  • Since children are more likely to be bitten or scratched by a dog or other animals, consider rabies vaccination for children traveling to Guinea. (
  • When a female Guinea worm is ready to come through the skin, individuals will get a blister on the site. (
  • When an infected individual enters fresh water to seek relief for the painful blister, the female Guinea worm is able to excrete into the water a whitish fluid that holds millions of larvae. (
  • The female Guinea worm will be able to repeat this process anytime the infected individual enters a fresh water source for the next few days. (
  • Symptoms begin to manifest when the adult female Guinea worm is ready to erupt from the body through a blister. (
  • All of the confirmed and suspected cases reported by Liberia and Sierra Leone had travelled to Guinea before illness onset. (
  • The red Guinea no longer exists and its exact relationship with the American Guinea and what proportions of other breeds are in its background are not known for certain. (
  • Wedged in between Senegal and Guinea, this former Portuguese colony is well off the tourist trail, but punches above its weight when it comes to cultural riches, biodiversity and wildlife. (
  • The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples below the Senegal River, as opposed to the 'tawny' Zenaga Berbers, above it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors. (
  • Sandwiched between Senegal and Guinea, this diminutive nation has a decidedly Latin vibe and is one of the few African countries to celebrate Carnival. (
  • A guinea pig is a rodent, meaning their teeth constantly grow throughout their lives. (
  • The guinea pig is actually not from the pig family but from the rodent family. (
  • Dutch guineas are white with a coloured rump and cheek patches of the same colour, leaving a white blaze down the nose. (
  • Dalmatian guineas are also spotty, but have Dutch-type head markings. (
  • please feel free to join my group to check out available guinea pigs they are taken well care. (
  • The slave trade came to the coastal region of Guinea with European traders in the 16th century. (
  • LatchPhoto Has made a guineapig chat room, for all the guinea lovers out there, here is the link to it! (
  • The Wassoulou or Wassulu empire was a short-lived (1878-1898) empire, led by Samori Toure in the predominantly Malinké area of what is now upper Guinea and southwestern Mali (Wassoulou). (
  • Geologically the composition of the sediments in the highlands are the same as in Upper Guinea and include granites, schists, and quartzites. (
  • Do not attempt to introduce two adult guinea pigs of the same sex, as there will be a fight. (
  • In her town, Isabel can sell one adult guinea pig for $6USD. (
  • A sharp genetic divide is evident between the highlands and lowlands that appears to have occurred 10,000 to 20,000 years ago, concurrent with the spread of crop cultivation and the trans-New Guinea language family. (
  • New Guinea shows human occupation since ~50 thousand years ago (ka), independent adoption of plant cultivation ~10 ka, and great cultural and linguistic diversity today. (
  • Primary education in Guinea is compulsory for 6 years. (
  • Whitney Potsus is vice president of The Critter Connection guinea pig rescue in Durham, CT, which has taken in more than 800 animals in seven years. (
  • Before buying a guinea pig, remember that it is your responsibility to care for it every day of its life, which can be up to 5 or 6 years. (
  • We've had guinea pigs for years and they are not big chewers like rabbits. (
  • Alpha Condé, who took over in Guinea three years ago on a pledge to end nearly half a century of corrupt, despotic rule, said the French operation to cleanse Islamists from lawless northern Mali in January had stopped smugglers using the area to transit cocaine. (
  • While he had personally backed the French action, he claimed it had led to the traffickers refocusing their attention on neighbours like Guinea, where the entire government ended up on the traffickers' payroll five years ago. (
  • CDC supported the establishment of the first public health Emergency Operations Center (EOC) in Guinea in 2015. (
  • A guinea pig's health can deteriorate very quickly. (
  • Guinea Pigs provides valuable information on the housing, feeding, health care, and selection of these small animals. (
  • In Guinea, the government is trying to stem growing panic over false rumors that the Red Cross will begin administering an Ebola vaccine to schoolchildren, which has led some parents to take their children out of school and angry youth to attack health workers. (
  • Be aware of current health issues in Guinea. (
  • The Guinea hog is a rare breed with a black coat, sturdy body, curly tail and upright ears. (
Guinea Water Project | Indiegogo
Guinea Water Project | Indiegogo (
Geography,Government,Guinea-Bissau,History (
Guinea: Ebola death toll reaches 70 - CNN
Guinea: Ebola death toll reaches 70 - CNN (
Guinea pigs pick: Packers or Seahawks
Guinea pigs pick: Packers or Seahawks (
Guinea Pig Cheers! | BirthdayAlarm
Guinea Pig Cheers! | BirthdayAlarm (
Be a Guinea Pig, Get Free Healthcare - NBC Chicago
Be a Guinea Pig, Get Free Healthcare - NBC Chicago (
Gulfport woman charged with animal cruelty over guinea pigs | Biloxi Sun Herald
Gulfport woman charged with animal cruelty over guinea pigs | Biloxi Sun Herald (
Episode 3: Hilary Davidson VS. Guinea Pigs. | Free Podcasts | Podomatic
Episode 3: Hilary Davidson VS. Guinea Pigs. | Free Podcasts | Podomatic" (
How the programme works | Business Rewards | Emirates Guinea
How the programme works | Business Rewards | Emirates Guinea (
Ebola,  epidemics, Sierra Leone, Guinea | Homeland Security Newswire
Ebola, epidemics, Sierra Leone, Guinea | Homeland Security Newswire (
Veterinary Medicine Questions including 'How can I clean an open wound on my Guinea pig'
Veterinary Medicine Questions including 'How can I clean an open wound on my Guinea pig' (
Pointe d' Arjelejos Prayer Times, 05, Equatorial Guinea | IslamicFinder
Pointe d' Arjelejos Prayer Times, 05, Equatorial Guinea | IslamicFinder (
Montgomerie Golf Club | Dubai Family Holidays | Discover Dubai | Emirates Guinea
Montgomerie Golf Club | Dubai Family Holidays | Discover Dubai | Emirates Guinea (
Pet Net | Pet, Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Ferret, Bird, Clubs, Australia
Pet Net | Pet, Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Ferret, Bird, Clubs, Australia (
We're being treated as guinea pigs: Faculty members fear in-person return to Texas...
"We're being treated as guinea pigs": Faculty members fear in-person return to Texas... (
TRIXIE Products for Small Animals, Rabbits, Guinea Pigs
TRIXIE Products for Small Animals, Rabbits, Guinea Pigs (
TRIXIE Cage Accessories for Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, Mice
TRIXIE Cage Accessories for Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, Mice (
Greater Guinea Pig (Cavia magna)
 ·  iNaturalist
Greater Guinea Pig (Cavia magna) · iNaturalist (
 Best Customer Survey And Analysis Agency or Consultant for Health in  Papua New Guinea
The 0 Best Customer Survey And Analysis Agency or Consultant for Health in Papua New Guinea (
The Huli tribe in Papua New Guinea. | Never-seen-before images of the last indigenous communities of the world - News
The Huli tribe in Papua New Guinea. | Never-seen-before images of the last indigenous communities of the world - News (
The Odd Couple: Adopted Pit Bull Wins Over Her Guinea Pig Sisters - NBC Connecticut
The Odd Couple: Adopted Pit Bull Wins Over Her Guinea Pig Sisters - NBC Connecticut (
Pet shop owner says suspects threw stolen guinea pig at him | WPEC
Pet shop owner says suspects threw stolen guinea pig at him | WPEC (
Abyssinian Guinea Pig doll
Abyssinian Guinea Pig doll (
Adopt a Rescued Guinea Pig | Awareness & Marketing | Guinea pigs, Pet guinea pigs, Baby guinea pigs
Adopt a Rescued Guinea Pig | Awareness & Marketing | Guinea pigs, Pet guinea pigs, Baby guinea pigs (
August 2019: Guinea Pigs? | Green Science Policy Institute
August 2019: Guinea Pigs? | Green Science Policy Institute (
Best 25+ Guinie pig ideas on Pinterest | Food for guinea pigs, Caring for guinea pigs and Pet guinea pigs
Best 25+ Guinie pig ideas on Pinterest | Food for guinea pigs, Caring for guinea pigs and Pet guinea pigs (
Vilmie Guinea Pig Feed reviews | zooplus
Vilmie Guinea Pig Feed reviews | zooplus (
PLOS ONE: Maternal Vitamin C Deficiency during Pregnancy Persistently Impairs Hippocampal Neurogenesis in Offspring of Guinea...
PLOS ONE: Maternal Vitamin C Deficiency during Pregnancy Persistently Impairs Hippocampal Neurogenesis in Offspring of Guinea... (
A Guinea Pig's History of Biology: The Plants and Animals Who Taught Us the Facts of Life book by Dr. Jim Endersby | 0...
A Guinea Pig's History of Biology: The Plants and Animals Who Taught Us the Facts of Life book by Dr. Jim Endersby | 0... (
Scleral Cross-Linking Using Riboflavin UVA Irradiation for the Prevention of Myopia Progression in a Guinea Pig Model: Blocked...
Scleral Cross-Linking Using Riboflavin UVA Irradiation for the Prevention of Myopia Progression in a Guinea Pig Model: Blocked... (
The Football Fever:  Day was one of first 'guinea pigs' quarterbacks of spread offense | WSYX
The Football Fever: Day was one of first 'guinea pigs' quarterbacks of spread offense | WSYX (
Taking aim at value | Deloitte Papua New Guinea | Risk Advisory, global reports, insights, analysis and implications
Taking aim at value | Deloitte Papua New Guinea | Risk Advisory, global reports, insights, analysis and implications (
Food bowl rhetoric or reality part 1 | Deloitte Papau New Guinea | Consumer business, Agribusiness
Food bowl rhetoric or reality part 1 | Deloitte Papau New Guinea | Consumer business, Agribusiness (