Clindamycin: An antibacterial agent that is a semisynthetic analog of LINCOMYCIN.Streptomyces: A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Erythromycin: A bacteriostatic antibiotic macrolide produced by Streptomyces erythreus. Erythromycin A is considered its major active component. In sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits. This binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.Lincomycin: An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces lincolnensis var. lincolnensis. It has been used in the treatment of staphylococcal, streptococcal, and Bacteroides fragilis infections.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Use of antibiotics before, during, or after a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure to prevent infectious complications.Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Bacteria, AnaerobicMacrolides: A group of often glycosylated macrocyclic compounds formed by chain extension of multiple PROPIONATES cyclized into a large (typically 12, 14, or 16)-membered lactone. Macrolides belong to the POLYKETIDES class of natural products, and many members exhibit ANTIBIOTIC properties.Bacteroides fragilis: Gram-negative bacteria occurring in the lower intestinal tracts of man and other animals. It is the most common species of anaerobic bacteria isolated from human soft tissue infections.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Metronidazole: A nitroimidazole used to treat AMEBIASIS; VAGINITIS; TRICHOMONAS INFECTIONS; GIARDIASIS; ANAEROBIC BACTERIA; and TREPONEMAL INFECTIONS. It has also been proposed as a radiation sensitizer for hypoxic cells. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985, p133), this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck, 11th ed).Aminoglycosides: Glycosylated compounds in which there is an amino substituent on the glycoside. Some of them are clinically important ANTIBIOTICS.Gentamicins: A complex of closely related aminoglycosides obtained from MICROMONOSPORA purpurea and related species. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, but may cause ear and kidney damage. They act to inhibit PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS.Tetracycline: A naphthacene antibiotic that inhibits AMINO ACYL TRNA binding during protein synthesis.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Penicillins: A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)Bacteroides Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus BACTEROIDES.Streptococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Lincosamides: A family of LINCOMYCIN-related glycosides that contain a pyrrolidine ring linked via an amide-bond to a pyranose moiety. Individual members of this family are defined by the arrangement of specific constituent groups on the lyncomycin molecule. Many lincosamides are ANTIBIOTICS produced by a variety STREPTOMYCES species.Cefoxitin: A semisynthetic cephamycin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase.Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Anti-Infective Agents: Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.Antibiotics, Antineoplastic: Chemical substances, produced by microorganisms, inhibiting or preventing the proliferation of neoplasms.Ketolides: Compounds based on ERYTHROMYCIN with the 3-cladinose replaced by a ketone. They bind the 23S part of 70S bacterial RIBOSOMES.Gram-Positive Bacteria: Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.beta-Lactams: Four-membered cyclic AMIDES, best known for the PENICILLINS based on a bicyclo-thiazolidine, as well as the CEPHALOSPORINS based on a bicyclo-thiazine, and including monocyclic MONOBACTAMS. The BETA-LACTAMASES hydrolyze the beta lactam ring, accounting for BETA-LACTAM RESISTANCE of infective bacteria.Vancomycin: Antibacterial obtained from Streptomyces orientalis. It is a glycopeptide related to RISTOCETIN that inhibits bacterial cell wall assembly and is toxic to kidneys and the inner ear.Ampicillin: Semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin that functions as an orally active broad-spectrum antibiotic.Penicillin G: A penicillin derivative commonly used in the form of its sodium or potassium salts in the treatment of a variety of infections. It is effective against most gram-positive bacteria and against gram-negative cocci. It has also been used as an experimental convulsant because of its actions on GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID mediated synaptic transmission.Streptococcus pyogenes: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from skin lesions, blood, inflammatory exudates, and the upper respiratory tract of humans. It is a group A hemolytic Streptococcus that can cause SCARLET FEVER and RHEUMATIC FEVER.Bacteroides: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Virginiamycin: A cyclic polypeptide antibiotic complex from Streptomyces virginiae, S. loidensis, S. mitakaensis, S. pristina-spiralis, S. ostreogriseus, and others. It consists of 2 major components, VIRGINIAMYCIN FACTOR M1 and virginiamycin Factor S1. It is used to treat infections with gram-positive organisms and as a growth promoter in cattle, swine, and poultry.Penicillin Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of an organism to the action of penicillins.Azithromycin: A semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic structurally related to ERYTHROMYCIN. It has been used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infections, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis.Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.Chloramphenicol: An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p106)Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Clostridium difficile: A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.Leucomycins: An antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces kitasatoensis. The complex consists of a mixture of at least eight biologically active components, A1 and A3 to A9. Leucomycins have both antibacterial and antimycoplasmal activities.Tobramycin: An aminoglycoside, broad-spectrum antibiotic produced by Streptomyces tenebrarius. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria, especially the PSEUDOMONAS species. It is a 10% component of the antibiotic complex, NEBRAMYCIN, produced by the same species.Cephalosporins: A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.Lactams: Cyclic AMIDES formed from aminocarboxylic acids by the elimination of water. Lactims are the enol forms of lactams.Bacteria, AerobicStreptococcus pneumoniae: A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.Streptococcus agalactiae: A bacterium which causes mastitis in cattle and occasionally in man.Acne Vulgaris: A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous: An acute inflammation of the INTESTINAL MUCOSA that is characterized by the presence of pseudomembranes or plaques in the SMALL INTESTINE (pseudomembranous enteritis) and the LARGE INTESTINE (pseudomembranous colitis). It is commonly associated with antibiotic therapy and CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE colonization.Kanamycin: Antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces kanamyceticus from Japanese soil. Comprises 3 components: kanamycin A, the major component, and kanamycins B and C, the minor components.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Methicillin Resistance: Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Aza CompoundsCulture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Ciprofloxacin: A broad-spectrum antimicrobial carboxyfluoroquinoline.Fluoroquinolones: A group of QUINOLONES with at least one fluorine atom and a piperazinyl group.Streptomycin: An antibiotic produced by the soil actinomycete Streptomyces griseus. It acts by inhibiting the initiation and elongation processes during protein synthesis.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Staphylococcal Skin Infections: Infections to the skin caused by bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Oxazolidinones: Derivatives of oxazolidin-2-one. They represent an important class of synthetic antibiotic agents.Community-Acquired Infections: Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.Vaginosis, Bacterial: Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.OsteomyelitisStreptogramin B: A specific streptogramin group B antibiotic produced by Streptomyces graminofaciens and other bacteria.Cefazolin: A semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Thienamycins: Beta-lactam antibiotics that differ from PENICILLINS in having the thiazolidine sulfur atom replaced by carbon, the sulfur then becoming the first atom in the side chain. They are unstable chemically, but have a very broad antibacterial spectrum. Thienamycin and its more stable derivatives are proposed for use in combinations with enzyme inhibitors.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Gram-Negative Bacteria: Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.Methicillin: One of the PENICILLINS which is resistant to PENICILLINASE but susceptible to a penicillin-binding protein. It is inactivated by gastric acid so administered by injection.Cephalexin: A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic with antimicrobial activity similar to that of CEPHALORIDINE or CEPHALOTHIN, but somewhat less potent. It is effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Fosfomycin: An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces fradiae.Ceftriaxone: A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears.Acetamides: Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.Vaginal Creams, Foams, and Jellies: Medicated dosage forms for topical application in the vagina. A cream is a semisolid emulsion containing suspended or dissolved medication; a foam is a dispersion of a gas in a medicated liquid resulting in a light, frothy mass; a jelly is a colloidal semisolid mass of a water soluble medicated material, usually translucent.Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination: This drug combination has proved to be an effective therapeutic agent with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It is effective in the treatment of many infections, including PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in AIDS.Rifampin: A semisynthetic antibiotic produced from Streptomyces mediterranei. It has a broad antibacterial spectrum, including activity against several forms of Mycobacterium. In susceptible organisms it inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity by forming a stable complex with the enzyme. It thus suppresses the initiation of RNA synthesis. Rifampin is bactericidal, and acts on both intracellular and extracellular organisms. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1160)Penicillin V: A broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic used orally in the treatment of mild to moderate infections by susceptible gram-positive organisms.Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method.Soft Tissue Infections: Infections of non-skeletal tissue, i.e., exclusive of bone, ligaments, cartilage, and fibrous tissue. The concept is usually referred to as skin and soft tissue infections and usually subcutaneous and muscle tissue are involved. The predisposing factors in anaerobic infections are trauma, ischemia, and surgery. The organisms often derive from the fecal or oral flora, particularly in wounds associated with intestinal surgery, decubitus ulcer, and human bites. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1688)Streptogramins: A class of natural cyclic peptide antibiotics produced by certain subspecies of STREPTOMYCES. They include two structurally unrelated components, STREPTOGRAMIN GROUP A and STREPTOGRAMIN GROUP B, which generally act synergistically to inhibit bacterial growth.Clostridium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.Sarcina: A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria whose organisms divide in three perpendicular planes and occur in packets of eight or more cells. It has been isolated from soil, grains, and clinical specimens.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Cloxacillin: A semi-synthetic antibiotic that is a chlorinated derivative of OXACILLIN.Cephalothin: A cephalosporin antibiotic.Keratolytic Agents: Agents that soften, separate, and cause desquamation of the cornified epithelium or horny layer of skin. They are used to expose mycelia of infecting fungi or to treat corns, warts, and certain other skin diseases.Moxalactam: Broad- spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic similar in structure to the CEPHALOSPORINS except for the substitution of an oxaazabicyclo moiety for the thiaazabicyclo moiety of certain CEPHALOSPORINS. It has been proposed especially for the meningitides because it passes the blood-brain barrier and for anaerobic infections.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.beta-Lactamases: Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.Amoxicillin: A broad-spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic similar to AMPICILLIN except that its resistance to gastric acid permits higher serum levels with oral administration.Roxithromycin: Semisynthetic derivative of erythromycin. It is concentrated by human phagocytes and is bioactive intracellularly. While the drug is active against a wide spectrum of pathogens, it is particularly effective in the treatment of respiratory and genital tract infections.Doxycycline: A synthetic tetracycline derivative with similar antimicrobial activity.Imipenem: Semisynthetic thienamycin that has a wide spectrum of antibacterial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, including many multiresistant strains. It is stable to beta-lactamases. Clinical studies have demonstrated high efficacy in the treatment of infections of various body systems. Its effectiveness is enhanced when it is administered in combination with CILASTATIN, a renal dipeptidase inhibitor.Piperacillin: Semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, AMPICILLIN derived ureidopenicillin antibiotic proposed for PSEUDOMONAS infections. It is also used in combination with other antibiotics.Tetracyclines: Closely congeneric derivatives of the polycyclic naphthacenecarboxamide. (Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1117)Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Fusidic Acid: An antibiotic isolated from the fermentation broth of Fusidium coccineum. (From Merck Index, 11th ed). It acts by inhibiting translocation during protein synthesis.Floxacillin: Antibiotic analog of CLOXACILLIN.Amikacin: A broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from KANAMYCIN. It is reno- and oto-toxic like the other aminoglycoside antibiotics.Chemistry: A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.Chemical Phenomena: The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.QuinolinesCephamycins: Naturally occurring family of beta-lactam cephalosporin-type antibiotics having a 7-methoxy group and possessing marked resistance to the action of beta-lactamases from gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.Cefotaxime: Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin.Carbenicillin: Broad-spectrum semisynthetic penicillin derivative used parenterally. It is susceptible to gastric juice and penicillinase and may damage platelet function.Enterococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria consisting of organisms causing variable hemolysis that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS, it is now recognized as a separate genus.Miocamycin: A macrolide antibiotic that has a wide antimicrobial spectrum and is particularly effective in respiratory and genital infections.Sulfadiazine: One of the short-acting SULFONAMIDES used in combination with PYRIMETHAMINE to treat toxoplasmosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and in newborns with congenital infections.Methyltransferases: A subclass of enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of a methyl group from one compound to another. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 2.1.1.
... intact blood group substance with suboptimal glucose, or completely hydrolyzed blood group substance. The blood group A- ... The selection effect of antibiotics on C. tertium may occur in cases where patients have had prior exposure to β-lactam ... clindamycin; and metronidazole; but it is susceptible to vancomycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and ciprofloxacin. ... It has been established that C. tertium elaborates enzymes directed against blood group A antigen in the presence of ...
... a course of oral antibiotics is often prescribed,. Common antibiotics used are from the β-lactam antibiotic group, clindamycin ... Also immediate treatment avoids overuse of antibiotics (preventing antibiotic resistance). However, surgery is sometimes ... delayed in an area of acute infection, with the help of pain relief and antibiotics, for the following reasons: Reduces the ...
Other antibiotics common for the treatment of STDs include clindamycin or trinidazole. The word leukorrhea comes from Greek ... Leukorrhea is also caused by trichomonads, a group of parasitic protozoan, specifically Trichomonas vaginalis. Common symptoms ... Treatment may include antibiotics, such as metronidazole. ...
The antibiotics chloramphenicol, clindamycin, and tetracycline have been known to inactivate aminoglycosides in general by ... Another group of beta-lactams, the cephalosporins, can increase the nephrotoxicity of aminoglycoside as well as randomly ... "The Journal of Antibiotics. 25 (12): 695-708. doi:10.7164/antibiotics.25.695. ISSN 0021-8820. PMID 4568692. Archived from the ... Amikacin evades attacks by all antibiotic-inactivating enzymes that are responsible for antibiotic resistance in bacteria, ...
Despite the emergence of antibiotics as a treatment for group A β-hemolytic streptococcus, infection of GAS is an increasing ... Treatment with ampicillin/sulbactam, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, or clindamycin is appropriate if deep oropharyngeal abscesses ... Group A Streptococcus Working Group (2004). "Interim UK guidelines for management of close community contacts of invasive group ... "Group A Strep". CDC.gov. CDC. Retrieved 7 December 2014. "Group A Strep". CDC.gov. CDC. Retrieved 7 December 2014. Good MF, ...
A related compound, clindamycin, is derived from lincomycin by using thionyl chloride to replace the 7-hydroxy group with a ... Lincomycin is an antibiotic classified as a constituent of the lincosamide group, which typically feature a 6,8-dideoxy-6- ... Condensation of the carboxyl group on the propylproline with the amine group of the methylthiolincosamide via an amide bond is ... 42 (3): 475-8. doi:10.7164/antibiotics.42.475. PMID 2708143. Kuo MS, Yurek DA, Coats JH, Chung ST, Li GP (November 1992). " ...
... appear to be higher than with some groups of antibiotics such as cephalosporins but lower than with others such as clindamycin ... Rates of side effects appear to be higher than some groups of antibiotics such as cephalosporins but lower than others such as ... Compared to other antibiotics some studies find a higher rate of side effects while others find no difference. In trials most ... Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections. This includes bone and joint infections, intra ...
This group includes: Chloramphenicol Clindamycin Ethambutol Lincosamides Macrolides Nitrofurantoin Novobiocin Oxazolidinone ... Bacteriostatic antibiotics limit the growth of bacteria by interfering with bacterial protein production, DNA replication, or ... However, there is not always a precise distinction between them and bactericidal antibiotics; high concentrations of some ... Depending on their application, bacteriostatic antibiotics, disinfectants, antiseptics and preservatives can be distinguished. ...
This is why adding an antibiotic like clindamycin, which acts ribosomally, kills some of the bacterial and returns them to the ... such as with Group A Strep), bacteria may be in the stationary phase of growth. In this instance since no bacteria are actively ... Ikeda, Y; Fukuoka, Y; Motomura, K; Yasuda, T; Nishino, T (January 1990). "Paradoxical activity of beta-lactam antibiotics ... Stevens, DL; Gibbons, AE; Bergstrom, R; Winn, V (July 1988). "The Eagle effect revisited: efficacy of clindamycin, erythromycin ...
Usually treatment is with an antibiotic, such as clindamycin or metronidazole. These medications may also be used in the second ... Rates vary considerably between ethnic groups within a country. While BV like symptoms have been described for much of recorded ... Treatment is typically with the antibiotics metronidazole or clindamycin. They can be either given by mouth or applied inside ... When clindamycin is given to pregnant women symptomatic with BV before 22 weeks of gestation the risk of pre-term birth before ...
In general, penicillin is the antibiotic of choice for treatment of GBS infections. Erythromycin or clindamycin should not be ... UK Group B Strep Association] UK [1] Ontario Midwives Group B Strep International CDC-Group B Strep (GBS) Group B Strep ... antibiotics for prevention and treatment" states: "Intrapartum Antibiotic Prophylaxis should be offered if group B ... PHLS Group B Streptococcus Working Group. (2004). "Group B streptococcal disease in UK and Irish infants younger than 90 days ...
... prophylactic antibiotics may also be given prior to dental procedures such as penicillin or clindamycin for penicillin allergic ... HACEK group of microorganisms and fungi are seen less frequently in North America. The viridians group include S.oralis, S. ... High-dose antibiotics are administered by the intravenous route to maximize diffusion of antibiotic molecules into vegetation(s ... Treatment is generally with intravenous antibiotics. The choice of antibiotics is based on the blood cultures. Occasionally ...
Antibiotics are limited in their ability to prevent these infections since there are a variety of subtypes of group A ... In those cases it is appropriate to choose clindamycin or erythromycin instead. Tonsillectomy, although once a reasonable ... One method is long term use of antibiotics to prevent future group A streptococcal infections. This method is only indicated ... Scarlet fever is a disease which can occur as a result of a group A streptococcus (group A strep) infection. The signs and ...
... is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. This includes middle ear infections ... It is obtained by 7(S)-chloro-substitution of the 7(R)-hydroxyl group of lincomycin. The synthesis of clindamycin was first ... The topically used clindamycin phosphate is a phosphate-ester prodrug of clindamycin. Clindamycin has a primarily ... Clindamycin University of Michigan. Retrieved July 31, 2009 Wilson, Daniel N. "Ribosome-targeting antibiotics and mechanisms of ...
If the tonsillitis is caused by group A streptococcus, then antibiotics are useful, with penicillin or amoxicillin being ... who fail penicillin therapy may respond to treatment effective against beta-lactamase producing bacteria such as clindamycin or ... The diagnosis of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) tonsillitis can be confirmed by culture of samples obtained by ... 2006). "Group A streptococcal infections". Red Book: 2006 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases (Red Book Report of ...
Antibiotic of quinolone group. clamoxyquine - Antiparasitic to treat salmonids for infection with the myxozoan parasite, ... clenbuterol - A decongestant and bronchodilator used for the treatment of recurrent airway obstruction in horses clindamycin - ... cefovecin - Cephalosporin-class antibiotic used to treat skin infections in dogs and cats. cefpodoxime - Antibiotic cephalexin ... clavamox antibiotic- oral, used to treat skin and other infections. clavaseptin oral crushed and mixed with food or a treat for ...
... endometritis is excessive and in uncomplicated cases can resolve after 2 weeks of clindamycin and gentamicin IV antibiotic ... Group B Streptococcus), Mycoplasma hominis, tuberculosis, and various viruses. Most of these agents are capable of causing ... There is not enough evidence for the use of prophylactic antibiotics to prevent endometritis after manual removal of placental ... Pyometra is treated with antibiotics, according to culture and sensitivity. Maternal death Puerperal fever "endometritis" at ...
Subgroup G01 is part of the anatomical group G Genito-urinary system and sex hormones. Codes for veterinary use (ATCvet codes) ... combinations QG01AA90 Tetracycline QG01AA91 Gentamicin QG01AA99 Antibiotics, combinations G01AB01 Acetarsol G01AC01 ... G01AA05 Chloramphenicol G01AA06 Hachimycin G01AA07 Oxytetracycline G01AA08 Carfecillin G01AA09 Mepartricin G01AA10 Clindamycin ...
... and clindamycin, causes the normal bacterial flora of the bowel to be altered. In particular, when the antibiotic kills off ... In 2005, molecular analysis led to the identification of the C. difficile strain type characterized as group BI by restriction ... Antibiotic treatment of CDIs may be difficult, due both to antibiotic resistance and physiological factors of the bacteria ( ... C. difficile does not often occur in people who are not taking antibiotics so limiting use of antibiotics decreases the risk. ...
"Antibiotic susceptibility pattern and erythromycin resistance mechanisms in beta-hemolytic group G Streptococcus dysgalactiae ... Second-line agents include macrolides and clindamycin, although increasing resistance, due to both efflux and target ... large-colony-forming group C and group G streptococcus of human origin, and certain large-colony-forming group C, G and L ... the S.anginosus group being VP positive. Streptococcus equi contains Lancefield group C, and Streptococcus canis harbours group ...
A quinolone antibiotic is any member of a large group of broad-spectrum bactericides that share a bicyclic core structure ... clindamycin, sulfonamides, or vancomycin. Fluoroquinolones prolong the heart's QT interval by blocking voltage-gated potassium ... Overuse of these antibiotics will eventually render them useless for treating antibiotic-resistant infections, for which broad- ... Susceptible groups of patients, such as children and the elderly, are at greater risk of adverse reactions during therapeutic ...
... these exotoxins are the bacterial equivalent of antibiotics such as clindamycin.) Some exotoxins act directly at the ribosome ... Another group of intracellular toxins is the AB toxins. The 'B'-subunit (binding) attaches to target regions on cell membranes ... of this A-subunit activity is called ADP-ribosylation in which the A-subunit catalyzes the addition of an ADP-ribose group onto ...
Zimbelman J, Palmer A, Todd J (1999). "Improved outcome of clindamycin compared with beta-lactam antibiotic treatment for ... Jim Henson, d. 1990, contracted the syndrome due to group A streptococcal infection and subsequently died from it. Nan C. ... Antibiotic treatment should cover both S. pyogenes and S. aureus. This may include a combination of cephalosporins, penicillins ... The addition of clindamycin or gentamicin reduces toxin production and mortality. With proper treatment, people usually recover ...
Agents no longer recommended are: cefotetan and clindamycin ( Bacteroides fragilis group resistance) and ampicillin-sulbactam ( ... Empiric antibiotic therapy for health care-associated intra-abdominal should be driven by local microbiologic results. Empiric ... Clindamycin should not be used as a single agent as empiric therapy for abdominal infections. Penicillin can be added to ... including groups A and B), Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia spp. and Mycoplasma hominis. Free gas in the tissues, abscess ...
6.2.1 Access group antibiotics. *6.2.2 Watch group antibiotics. *6.2.3 Reserve group antibiotics ...
"Clindamycin" (PDF). Davis. 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017.. [permanent dead link] *^ "Symptoms and Complications". Centers for ... Competence in S. pneumoniae is induced by DNA-damaging agents such as mitomycin C, fluoroquinolone antibiotics (norfloxacin, ... "Critical decline in pneumococcal disease and antibiotic resistance in South Africa". NICD. Retrieved 20 July 2015.. ... This condition is called pneumonia.[20] It is susceptible to clindamycin.[21] ...
Can cephalexin and flagyl be taken together can you drink on, antibiotics cephalexin can you drink on antibiotics cephalexin ... Group, b strep cephalexin cephalexin, used for spider bites cephalexin treat boils cephalexin after 14 days does cephalexin, ... cephalexin vs clindamycin for dogs. Can, you take cephalexin with methotrexate cephalexin, contraceptive pill. Is cephalexin ... Antibiotic cephalexin and, alcohol is cephalexin for dogs safe, for humans signs of an, allergic reaction to cephalexin ...
... imha.treating parvo with cephalexin.medicinal chemistry functional groups cephalexin.cephalexin.cephalexin.antibiotics ... monohydrate in cephalexin.taking both cephalexin and clindamycin.compatibility of cephalexin and doxycycline.cephalexin. ... cephalexin for dog.cats claw cephalexin.cephalexin for adult uti.does cephalexin treat mrsa.cephalexin for animal.antibiotics ... cephalexin for penicillin allergic patients.cephalexin feline dosage.cephalexin for dogs dosages.ear infection and antibiotic ...
Doxycycline, to treat group b strep doxycycline and sulfa allergies doxycycline hyclate ta 100mg, dox doxycycline hyclate for ... Clindamycin vs doxycycline doxycycline asthma exacerbation cost of doxycycline hyclate doxycycline 3 year old. Doxycycline ... Doxycycline tetracycline antibiotics doxycycline hyclate and blepharitis can, doxycycline treat fever urinary tract infection ... Doxycycline off market antibiotics for syphilis doxycycline. Doxycycline sinus infection dosage doxycycline pleurodesis ...
So, no, this antibiotic did not improve the suspected underlying infection. Her condition worsened while on it. Today, the new ... Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis: 2012 update by the ... The most common culprits are clindamycin, lincomycin, the aminopenicillins amoxicillin, ampicillin and the cephalosporins. ... Antibiotic therapy can alter the normal flora of the colon and permit overgrowth of Clostridium difficile, whose toxin is ...
Mobeni seek malls have clindamycin hcl vs cephalexin you antibiotics for strep throat, cephalexin personally ama manual ... Agent group included for himss physician box amoxil and cephalexin. To victoria maximum daily dose of, cephalexin college ... shelf life of antibiotics cephalexin. Your company than cephalexin for staph infections two holiday inn miniscule in our ... cephalexin antibiotic strep throat. Senegalia greggii habits and oversee staff easy ciprofloxacin cephalexin same. To ...
clindamycin drug. azithromycin exercise-induced urticaria. http://findmin.ru/download-scr…..bs-seaso-1. Download. http:// ... metronidazole.metronidazole.buy metronidazole and next day.metronidazole.metronidazole back pain.what is the antibiotic ... effect your vison.metronidazole shampoo.purchase metronidazole suppository.metronidazole gel vaginal.buy antibiotic ...
Our support group helps people share their own experience. 1499 questions, 851 members, 262 news articles. ... Which antibiotics are best for tooth infection cephalexin or clindamycin?. Updated 28 Nov 2018 • 16 answers ... Search this Group. Search. Latest News. Superbugs Hang Out on Hospital Patients. FRIDAY, April 19, 2019 - If you werent ... Related Condition Support Groups. Bacterial Infection, Urinary Tract Infection, Skin and Structure Infection, Herpes Zoster, ...
Our support group helps people share their own experience. 13829 questions, 10374 members, 304 news articles. ... Which antibiotics are best for tooth infection cephalexin or clindamycin?. Posted 18 Dec 2014 • 15 answers ... Related Drug Support Groups. tramadol, oxycodone, gabapentin, hydrocodone, Percocet, methadone, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, view ... Related Condition Support Groups. Chronic Pain, Back Pain, Fibromyalgia, Headache, Muscle Pain, Neuralgia, Chronic Myofascial ...
This report examines late-onset group B Streptococcus infection in an infant, linked to maternal consumption of contaminated ... This report examines late-onset group B Streptococcus infection in an infant, linked to maternal consumption of contaminated ... antibiotics were initiated for presumed sepsis. The blood culture was positive for penicillin-sensitive, clindamycin- ... In September 2016, the Oregon Health Authority was notified of a case of late-onset group B Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) ...
The interventional group will then discontinue antibiotics. Clindamycin IV 600mg every 6 hours for 24 hours will be used in ... Clindamycin. Clindamycin palmitate. Clindamycin phosphate. Cefazolin. Penicillins. Cefadroxil. Antibiotics, Antitubercular. ... Antibiotics will be discontinued for this group once the final drain is removed. The other group will only receive 24 hours of ... The investigators will randomize these patients into two groups. One group will receive the current antibiotic regimen of 24 ...
Her throat culture also grows group A strep. Her antibiotics are changed to IV penicillin. She responds to the antibiotics and ... For ill appearing children who have abscess formation or cellulitis, needle aspiration or I&D and IV therapy with clindamycin ... The typical clinical course of lymphadenitis due to group A strep, is manifested in association with group A strep tonsillitis ... 3. Staph aureus and Strep pyogenes (group A strep). Suppuration is more likely to be present with Staph aureus. 4. Complete ...
Clindamycin oral capsule is available as a generic drug and as the brand-name drug Cleocin. Learn about its side effects, ... Clindamycin oral capsule is a prescription medication thats used to treat bacterial infections. These infections include acne ... Clindamycin belongs to a class of drugs called antibiotics. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar ... Cleocin T. (clindamycin phosphate topical solution, USP) (clindamycin phosphate topical gel) (clindamycin phosphate topical ...
Some groups of antibiotics (eg, penicillins, cephalosporins, aztreonam, clindamycin, and ciprofloxacin) [81, 82] exhibit more ... 92] The median duration of hospital stay was 6 days for both groups, with a range of 4-25 days for the urokinase group and 3-16 ... Antibiotic Therapy. In the earlier stages of parapneumonic effusion formation (mild symptoms, short duration), institution of ... Serious group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections complicating varicella. Ann Emerg Med. 1994 Apr. 23(4):818-22. [Medline ...
Zydus receives final approval from the USFDA for Clindamycin Phosphate and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel. by Mena Report; Business, ... Clindamycin is an antibiotic that stops the growth of acne-causing bacteria. Benzoyl peroxide can also stop the growth of ... The group now has 242 approvals and has so far filed over 340 ANDAs since the commencement of the filing process in FY 2003-04 ... APA style: India : Zydus receives final approval from the USFDA for Clindamycin Phosphate and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel.. (n.d.) > ...
Resistance against penicillin G, ampicillin/sulbactam, clindamycin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, trimethoprim, metronidazole ... Resistance against penicillin G, ampicillin/sulbactam, clindamycin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, trimethoprim, metronidazole ... representing all categories of antibiotics. Analysis revealed that the resistance was moderated during ripening of the curd ... representing all categories of antibiotics. Analysis revealed that the resistance was moderated during ripening of the curd ...
The antibiotics chloramphenicol, clindamycin, and tetracycline have been known to inactivate aminoglycosides in general by ... Another group of beta-lactams, the cephalosporins, can increase the nephrotoxicity of aminoglycoside as well as randomly ... "The Journal of Antibiotics. 25 (12): 695-708. doi:10.7164/antibiotics.25.695. ISSN 0021-8820. PMID 4568692. Archived from the ... Amikacin evades attacks by all antibiotic-inactivating enzymes that are responsible for antibiotic resistance in bacteria, ...
Clindamycin- An antibiotic that can be used instead of penicillin.. Erythrogenic toxin- A toxin or agent produced by the ... Scarlet fever is caused by Group A streptococcal bacteria (S. pyogenes ). Group A streptococci can be highly toxic microbes ... alternative antibiotics such as erythromycin or clindamycin may be used. However, the entire course of antibiotics, usually 10 ... alternative antibiotics such as erythromycin or clindamycin may be used. However, the entire course of antibiotics, usually ten ...
Prevent Group B Strep. Antibiotic Regimen Choices. Back. Is the isolate susceptible to clindamycin and erythromycin?. More Info ... Prevent Group B Strep. Antibiotic Regimen Choices. Is Patient allergic to penicillin? Yes. No. ... Prevent Group B Strep. Antibiotic Regimen Choices. Back. Does patient have a history of any of the following after receiving ... Prevent Group B Strep. Antibiotic Regimen. Answer questions about the patient (such as drug allergies) to see recommended agent ...
Other antibacterial agents available by prescription include topical antibiotics such as erythromycin , clindamycin, and ... COPYRIGHT 2004 The Gale Group, Inc.. Acne Medication. Acne is a skin condition in which pimples (comedones) appear on the skin ... And, unlike antibiotic treatments, treatment with isotretinoin does not promote antibiotic-resistant bacteria. ... Antibiotics also may be prescribed to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation.. General use. Benzoyl peroxide is found in many ...
Antibiotic regimens were classified into 12 groups. In half of the trials (20 trials, 1918 women), the use of clindamycin plus ... in the aztreonam plus clindamycin group compared to gentamicin plus clindamycin. Only one trial comparing aztreonam plus ... Aztreonam plus clindamycin versus any other regimen (EB Table 20d). *Two trials each compared aztreonam plus clindamycin versus ... Clindamycin plus aminoglycoside versus other regimens (EB Table 20a). *Analyses of clindamycin plus an aminoglycoside (most ...
Clindamycin belongs to a group of medicines known as lincosamide or lincomycin antibiotics. ... is an antibiotic used to treat certain serious bacterial infections. ... Q: What is the shelf life of clindamycin?. A: Clindamycin is in a drug class called lincomycin antibiotics. Clindamycin is used ... Clindamycin belongs to a group of medicines known as lincosamide or lincomycin antibiotics. It works by stopping bacteria from ...
... oral antibiotics have been prescribed off label for treatment because microorganisms were thought to be the underlying cause of ... Clindamycin is a semisynthetic antibiotic produced by 7(S)-chloro substitution of 7(R)-hydroxyl group of its parent compound ... Antibiotics. Since the 1950s, oral antibiotics have been prescribed off label for treatment because microorganisms were thought ... Clindamycin widely distributes in the body without penetration of the CNS. It is protein bound and excreted by the liver and ...
7 Group B streptococci are increasingly resistant to clindamycin as well as to macrolide antibiotics such as erythromycin. In ... Group B streptococci remain susceptible to β-lactam antibiotics, and penicillin G and ampicillin are the antibiotics best ... group B streptococcal. IAP - intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis. LOD - late-onset disease. MIC - minimum inhibitory ... Effects of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis on neonatal acquisition of group B streptococci. J Pediatr. 2017;190:169-173.e1 ...
Antibiotic Regimen -- Parenteral/ Hospitalized Uncomplicated cellulitis. Group A streptococci much more likely than ... clindamycin or metronidazole) plus (doxycycline or cefuroxime or trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole). Failure to respond to oral ... Invasive group A streptococcal infections in Ontario, Canada. Ontario Group A Streptococcal Study Group. N Engl J Med. Aug 22 ... Group A or Non-group A beta-hemolytic streptococci most likely organisms ...
  • The same result is expected by the use and misuse of antibiotics used in the clinical veterinary practice. (frontiersin.org)
  • Similar to the remark regarding the treatment for chorioamnionitis, the GDG suggested that antibiotic treatment should continue for at least 24-48 hours after complete resolution of clinical signs and symptoms (e.g. fever, uterine tenderness, purulent lochia, leucocytosis). (who.int)
  • Clindamycin has been well established as antistaphylococcal therapy, but very few clinical data are available about its use in combination with rifampin for PJI. (biomedcentral.com)
  • When an organism expressing iMLS B resistance is tested according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) methods with a 15-μg erythromycin disk placed close to a 2-μg clindamycin disk, the zone of inhibition around the clindamycin disk is flattened to form a "D" shape (positive D-test), whereas in the MS phenotype, the clindamycin zone remains circular ( 7 ). (asm.org)
  • In children who have features suggesting a bacterial etiology (eg, an infiltrate on chest radiograph and/or positive findings at sputum Gram stain), the administration of antibiotics may be good clinical practice. (medscape.com)
  • Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of group a streptococcal pharyngitis: 2012 update by the infectious diseases society of america. (medscape.com)
  • Kaplan EL, Chhatwal GS, Rohde M. Reduced ability of penicillin to eradicate ingested group A streptococci from epithelial cells: clinical and pathogenetic implications. (medscape.com)
  • Addition of clindamycin (CLI) is recommended, although clinical evidence is lacking. (uzh.ch)
  • the API system (bioMerieux Vitek), and the ATB Expression system (bioMerieux Vitek) are commonly used for microbial identification of beta-hemolytic streptococci in the clinical laboratory, none of these systems contains all four group G beta-hemolytic streptococci in the database. (asm.org)
  • Clindesse (clindamycin phosphate) was studied in three clinical studies: placebo-controlled (n=85), active-controlled (n=263), and single-arm (n=20). (rxlist.com)
  • Natural products serve as chemical blueprints for most antibiotics in clinical use. (nature.com)
  • The evolutionary process by which these molecules arise is inherently accompanied by the co-evolution of resistance mechanisms that shorten the clinical lifetime of any given class of antibiotics 1 . (nature.com)
  • Here, we report the effects of widely used antibiotics (clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin, and minocycline) with different modes of action on the ecology of both the gut and the oral microbiomes in 66 healthy adults from the United Kingdom and Sweden in a two-center randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. (asm.org)
  • This is the method used by many clinical laboratories from Group A Streptococci (GABHS) in many clinical laboratories. (antimicrobe.org)
  • The purpose of this review is to summarize the currently accepted taxonomic classification of this group of organisms, examine the state of the art for identification of the VGS, and then focus on the pediatric clinical manifestations associated with the VGS. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • These cases are predominantly normoandrogenic and have some clinical differences when compared with the most common group, the adolescent. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Clarithromycin is a semisynthetic macrolide antibiotic that reversibly binds to P site of 50S ribosomal subunit of susceptible organisms and may inhibit RNA-dependent protein synthesis by stimulating dissociation of peptidyl tRNA from ribosomes, causing bacterial growth inhibition. (medscape.com)
  • Increased compliance in the use of topical sunscreens is obtained by combining a topical sunscreen agent in a formulation containing an antibacterial medication such as azelaic acid or an antibiotic. (google.es)
  • Here we report the design, synthesis, and antibacterial evaluation of group A streptogramin antibiotics with extensive structural variability. (nature.com)
  • Maternal management is addressed in ACOG Committee Opinion No. 782, "Prevention of Group B Streptococcal Early-Onset Disease in Newborns. (aappublications.org)
  • There was an increased risk of caesarean section and duration of maternal stay in hospital with the use of antibiotics probably due to more hypertension and pre-eclampsia in the mothers of this group. (who.int)
  • However, due to increasing problems with bacterial resistance and the risk of maternal anaphylaxis with antibiotic use, it is important to assess the evidence addressing risks and benefits in order to ensure judicious use of antibiotics. (who.int)
  • To assess the effects of antibiotics administered prophylactically to women with PROM at 36 weeks' gestation or beyond, on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes. (who.int)
  • Caesarean section was increased with the use of antibiotics (RR 1.33, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.61) as was duration of maternal stay in hospital (mean difference (MD) 0.06 days, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.11), largely owing to one study of 1640 women where repeat caesarean section, increased baseline hypertension and pre-eclampsia were evident in the antibiotic group, despite random allocation and allocation concealment. (who.int)
  • What s more, some people don t finish their course of antibiotics once they feel better. (care2.com)
  • Aldactone belongs to a group of medicines known as diuretics (water-pills) Buy. (fespaco.bf)
  • Duac Once Daily gel 60g contains two active medicines called Clindamycin and Benzoyl Peroxide which belongs to a group of medicine known as anti acne preparations. (alpine-club.org.uk)
  • Each pre-filled, single-dose applicator delivers approximately 5 g of cream containing approximately 100 mg of clindamycin. (rxlist.com)
  • If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. (rxlist.com)
  • We used a variety of antibiotic perturbations to generate a diverse array of gut microbiota structures, which were then challenged with C. difficile spores. (asm.org)
  • After four weeks, the reduction in the pruritus score was between 45 and 50 per cent in the CIM331 group compared to 20 per cent in the placebo group. (bad.org.uk)
  • All randomised trials that compared outcomes for women and infants when antibiotics were administered prophylactically for prelabour rupture of the membranes at or near term, with outcomes for controls (placebo or no antibiotic). (who.int)
  • Seven randomized controlled trials have evaluated the effect of various antibiotic treatments versus placebo on pregnancy outcomes among women with BV: Three studies enrolled only high-risk women (primarily history of prior preterm delivery), two reported results separately for women with and without a prior history of preterm delivery, and two enrolled average-risk women. (ispub.com)
  • Incidence of invasive group B streptococcal disease by age (cases per 100,000) (open bars) and case fatality ratio (%) (black line) in persons ≥18 years of age. (asmscience.org)
  • It is an important message, and programs have been developed to focus solely on promoting appropriate antibiotic use. (cfp.ca)