Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Gross Domestic Product: Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.Thermodilution: Measurement of blood flow based on induction at one point of the circulation of a known change in the intravascular heat content of flowing blood and detection of the resultant change in temperature at a point downstream.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.AKR murine leukemia virus: A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) isolated from spontaneous leukemia in AKR strain mice.Cardiac Output, Low: A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cardiac Output, High: A state of elevated cardiac output due to conditions of either increased hemodynamic demand or reduced cardiac oxygen output. These conditions may include ANEMIA; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; THYROTOXICOSIS; PREGNANCY; EXERCISE; FEVER; and ANOXIA. In time, compensatory changes of the heart can lead to pathological form of high cardiac output and eventual HEART FAILURE.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Vascular Resistance: The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Dye Dilution Technique: Method for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of dye into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Cerebral Palsy: A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Cardiography, Impedance: A type of impedance plethysmography in which bioelectrical impedance is measured between electrodes positioned around the neck and around the lower thorax. It is used principally to calculate stroke volume and cardiac volume, but it is also related to myocardial contractility, thoracic fluid content, and circulation to the extremities.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Gastric Acid: Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Gastric Juice: The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)Apolipoproteins D: A glycoprotein component of HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS that transports small hydrophobic ligands including CHOLESTEROL and STEROLS. It occurs in the macromolecular complex with LECITHIN CHOLESTEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE. Apo D is expressed in and secreted from a variety of tissues such as liver, placenta, brain tissue and others.Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Motor Neurons: Neurons which activate MUSCLE CELLS.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Secretory Rate: The amount of a substance secreted by cells or by a specific organ or organism over a given period of time; usually applies to those substances which are formed by glandular tissues and are released by them into biological fluids, e.g., secretory rate of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex, secretory rate of gastric acid by the gastric mucosa.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Pulmonary Circulation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Catheterization, Swan-Ganz: Placement of a balloon-tipped catheter into the pulmonary artery through the antecubital, subclavian, and sometimes the femoral vein. It is used to measure pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure which reflects left atrial pressure and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The catheter is threaded into the right atrium, the balloon is inflated and the catheter follows the blood flow through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle and out into the pulmonary artery.Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Hematuria: Presence of blood in the urine.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Blood Volume: Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Blood Circulation: The movement of the BLOOD as it is pumped through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Neural Inhibition: The function of opposing or restraining the excitation of neurons or their target excitable cells.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Perfusion: Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Pentagastrin: A synthetic pentapeptide that has effects like gastrin when given parenterally. It stimulates the secretion of gastric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor, and has been used as a diagnostic aid.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Amplifiers, Electronic: Electronic devices that increase the magnitude of a signal's power level or current.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Efferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a nerve center toward a peripheral site. Such impulses are conducted via efferent neurons (NEURONS, EFFERENT), such as MOTOR NEURONS, autonomic neurons, and hypophyseal neurons.Synaptic Transmission: The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Indicator Dilution Techniques: Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Interneurons: Most generally any NEURONS which are not motor or sensory. Interneurons may also refer to neurons whose AXONS remain within a particular brain region in contrast to projection neurons, which have axons projecting to other brain regions.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Bicycling: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).Pancreatic Juice: The fluid containing digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas in response to food in the duodenum.Ergometry: Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Transducers: Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Lactic Acid: A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Isotonic Contraction: Muscle contraction with negligible change in the force of contraction but shortening of the distance between the origin and insertion.Periodicity: The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).Heart Function Tests: Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.Oliguria: Decreased URINE output that is below the normal range. Oliguria can be defined as urine output of less than or equal to 0.5 or 1 ml/kg/hr depending on the age.Blood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Bile: An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.Isometric Contraction: Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Biological Clocks: The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Mice, Inbred C57BLLactates: Salts or esters of LACTIC ACID containing the general formula CH3CHOHCOOR.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Defecation: The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.Ganglia, Invertebrate: Clusters of neuronal cell bodies in invertebrates. Invertebrate ganglia may also contain neuronal processes and non-neuronal supporting cells. Many invertebrate ganglia are favorable subjects for research because they have small numbers of functional neuronal types which can be identified from one animal to another.Neural Networks (Computer): A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.Central Venous Pressure: The blood pressure in the central large VEINS of the body. It is distinguished from peripheral venous pressure which occurs in an extremity.Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted mathematical calculations of beam angles, intensities of radiation, and duration of irradiation in radiotherapy.Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.Fluid Therapy: Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Epinephrine: The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Anoxia: Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.Vagotomy: The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Splanchnic Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS supplying the abdominal VISCERA.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Gastrins: A family of gastrointestinal peptide hormones that excite the secretion of GASTRIC JUICE. They may also occur in the central nervous system where they are presumed to be neurotransmitters.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Efficiency: Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Myocardial Contraction: Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Models, Animal: Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.Gastric Mucosa: Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.Catecholamines: A general class of ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine.Motor Cortex: Area of the FRONTAL LOBE concerned with primary motor control located in the dorsal PRECENTRAL GYRUS immediately anterior to the central sulcus. It is comprised of three areas: the primary motor cortex located on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain; the premotor cortex located anterior to the primary motor cortex; and the supplementary motor area located on the midline surface of the hemisphere anterior to the primary motor cortex.Urine: Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Hypoglossal Nerve: The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.Brain Stem: The part of the brain that connects the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES with the SPINAL CORD. It consists of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA.Lymph: The interstitial fluid that is in the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Histocytochemistry: Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Hematocrit: The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Physical Endurance: The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Stimulation, Chemical: The increase in a measurable parameter of a PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS, including cellular, microbial, and plant; immunological, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive, urinary, digestive, neural, musculoskeletal, ocular, and skin physiological processes; or METABOLIC PROCESS, including enzymatic and other pharmacological processes, by a drug or other chemical.Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Dendrites: Extensions of the nerve cell body. They are short and branched and receive stimuli from other NEURONS.Sympathetic Nervous System: The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Secretin: A peptide hormone of about 27 amino acids from the duodenal mucosa that activates pancreatic secretion and lowers the blood sugar level. (USAN and the USP Dictionary of Drug Names, 1994, p597)Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Diuresis: An increase in the excretion of URINE. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Pulmonary Ventilation: The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Muscle Fatigue: A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Afferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Cardiovascular System: The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.Basal Ganglia: Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ultrasonics: A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than acoustic SOUND waves (approximately above 20 kilohertz). Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.Dissection: The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Horse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Computers
"Gross Output, at current prices". Geostat.ge. Retrieved 18 June 2016. http://www.geostat.ge/cms/site_images/_files/georgian/ ... Its gross domestic product fell sharply following the collapse of the Soviet Union but recovered in the mid-2000s, growing in ... In 2011, total output of tourism related services production increased by 77% compared to 2006 and constituted 7.1% of total ... Since then Georgian wine producers have struggled to maintain output and break into new markets. In 2011 Georgia sold wine in ...
Resulting peak output is 635 MW gross. Under baseload operation, the output is 184 MW gross from each gas-turbine and 198 MW ... adding to 567 MW gross of which 14 MW consumed by the auxiliary equipment, yielding a 553 MW net output. The two CTGs output ... The plant went online in August 2013, and its full output of electricity is sold to Pacific Gas and Electric Company under a 10 ... the power at 15 kV, the STG at 18 kV, output which is connected to individual oil-filled generator step-up tranfsformers, ...
Rice remains the largest crop grown in Mizoram by gross value of output.[77] Fruits have grown to become the second largest ... Mizoram gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2011-2012 was about ₹6,991 crore (US$970 million).[8] The state's gross state ... The state's gross state domestic product for 2012 was estimated at ₹6,991 crore (US$970 million).[8] About 20% of Mizoram's ... to the state's gross product. The state produces about 5200 metric tonnes of fish a year, about 12% of potential that can be ...
Agriculture gave about 65% of gross agricultural output. The leading branch of agriculture was cotton (cotton collection 922 ... Light industry and food industries accounted for over 60% of industrial output. The main branches of heavy industry were ... Approximately 20% of crops were occupied by grain crops (gross grain harvest - 246 thousand tons in 1986 in.). They grow ...
All three reactors were rated at 715MWe Gross Output. They currently have some of the highest lifetime capacity factors of ...
In 1994 gross industrial output declined by 19 percent. At the beginning of 1995, every industrial sector had decreased output ... privately run farms and private plots produce more than 40 percent of gross output. Belarus can be divided into three ... Investment (gross fixed)- 24.2% of GDP (2005 est.) Household income or consumption by percentage share- lowest 10%: 3.4% ... of its oil output. Oil deposits on the territory of Belarus are located in a single oil and gas basin, the Pripyat depression, ...
... gross value added is obtained by deducting intermediate consumption from gross output. Thus gross value added is equal to net ... Added value Bang for the buck Economic value added Measures of national income and output#The output approach No value added ... output. Net value added is obtained by deducting consumption of fixed capital (or depreciation charges) from gross value added ... In other words, the output of the housing services produced by owner-occupiers is valued at the estimated rental that a tenant ...
This engine offered 56.2 bhp (42 kW; 57 PS) or 67 bhp (50 kW; 68 PS) in a high output version; the outputs are in Gross bhp. ... There were as before two levels of power: stated output for the standard engine was 45 PS (33 kW) at 5,000 rpm, while the "high ... In the Kadett B the engine provided a maximum output of 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) employing a relatively high 9.5:1 compression ... Again, only the high-compression version of the engine was listed for the Kadett, providing maximum output of 90 PS (66 kW; 89 ...
In 1950 industrial gross output had already surpassed 1940-levels. While the Soviet regime still put more emphasis on heavy ... In 1945, industrial output was only 26 percent of the 1940 level. The Soviet regime, which still believed in the planned ... By the end of the Fourth Five-Year Plan (in 1950) and the Fifth Five-Year Plan (in 1955), agricultural output was still far ... During the peak of Soviet-Ukrainian agriculture output in the 1950s and early-to-mid-1960s, human consumption in Ukraine, and ...
Power output will be 1170 MWe gross, 1090 MWe net, with a 60-year design life, and would use a combination of passive and ... The gross power output has been increased to 1150 MWe. The ACPR1000+ is envisaged for export from 2014. Since 2011 CGNPG has ... improved to have a net power output of 1,000 MWe (1080 MWe gross) and a 60-year design life. The CPR-1000 is built and operated ... with net power output below 1,000 MWe, and using mostly imported components. The CPR-1000 uses as its base design units 5 & 6 ...
2472 cc (2.5L) bore x stroke: 92.0 mm (3.6 in) x 93.0 mm (3.7 in). compression ratio 8.7 maximum output (gross) 62 bhp (46 kW; ... Output was 120 hp (122 PS) and 163 lb⋅ft (221 N⋅m). The H30 is an H20 with two extra cylinders. Applications: 1965-1973 Nissan ... Applications: 1976-1979 Nissan Cedric 330 1975-1979 Nissan Gloria 330 The H25 was developed as a high-output version of the H20 ... 63 PS) @ 3200 rpm maximum torque (gross) 132 lb⋅ft (179 N⋅m; 18.2 kg⋅m) @ 1600 rpm The R engine utilised essentially the same ...
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a measure of aggregate output. Nominal GDP in a particular period reflects prices which were ... To compare the output of different regions, the nominal output in a region can be adjusted by repricing the goods at common or ...
The gross value of agricultural output exceeds $0.8 billion a year. Forestry is also a major employer in the area surrounding ... the former gold rush towns of Creswick and Daylesford, with a substantial output of firewood, furniture timber and Eucalyptus ...
The numerical value is gross mark (engine single purpose crankshaft output). A part of numerical value is different by Skyline ... Maximum output was 190 PS (140 kW) in the R30, and 185 PS (136 kW) in the S12. Boost pressure to achieve this power output was ... Maximum output was 150 PS (110 kW). The FJ20E was installed in the DR30 Skyline RS, as well as the US110 and S12 Gazelle/Silvia ...
The total fisheries output's gross value in 2002 was $1.9 billion. In 2007, Croatia's production in live weight reached 53,083 ...
Since 1960 agricultural performance as measured by gross output, per capita output, and crop yields was uneven. Although sown ... In 1940 animal husbandry produced 99.6 percent of gross agricultural output. The share of animal husbandry in gross ... The rise in crop production since 1940 has accounted for animal husbandry's decline in gross agricultural output. Nevertheless ... accounting for 10 percent of gross industrial output in 1985. Approximately 2.5 million cubic meters of timber were cut ...
The gross power and torque outputs fell to 72 hp (54 kW; 73 PS) and 112 lb⋅ft (152 N⋅m) respectively when the engine had a 6.9: ... This engine produced a gross output of 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) at 4000 rpm and 114 lb⋅ft (155 N⋅m) of torque at 2000 rpm with a ... BF-161 The BF-161 has a 3 1⁄8 inch bore and a 3 1⁄2 inch stroke, a one-barrel carburetor, and an output of 90 hp (67 kW; 91 PS ... and had an output of 130 hp (97 kW; 132 PS) at 4400 rpm and 140 lb⋅ft (190 N⋅m) of torque at 2000 rpm. The compression ratio ...
Its gross output contributes one fifth of the South Central Coast's total, ranking second after Khánh Hòa Province (as of 2007 ... More than two thirds of the province's gross industrial output is produced in Quy Nhơn, which is the region's third largest ... The largest industries after furniture manufacturing (5290.8 billion VND in 2009) in terms of gross output are food products ... Bình Định is by far the largest producer of pork, both in terms of total output and per capita output (over 50 kg per capita). ...
In total this equates to around 1020MWe gross output from the generators. Internal load of 90MWe brings net output to ... Its net electrical output was 1,215 MW. In 2007 the reactors were restricted to operating at a reduced level of around 70% of ... full output (around 850 MWe net). Subsequent work during maintenance shutdowns have resulted in Reactor 3 operating at around ...
The reactor is licensed for a power output of 3486 thermal megawatts (MWt). The gross electrical output of the plant is 1230 ... United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series. "Columbia Generating Station - License ...
... gross value of output; gross value of agricultural output (crops, livestock, forestry, aquatic, and sideline); and gross value ... The gross value of agricultural output nearly doubled from 1978 to 1985. Production of grain, oilseeds, cotton, and livestock ... To make the gross value of agricultural output more realistically represent agricultural production, statisticians in 1985 ... Oilseed output in 1955 was 4.8 million tons. Output, however, did not expand between 1955 and 1975, which meant per capita ...
Output for 1972 Rambler American Rally model (gross): Horsepower 170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS) @ 4600 rpm Torque 240 lb⋅ft (330 N⋅m ... Output for 1971-73 models (gross): Horsepower 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS) @ 4400 rpm Torque 280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m) @ 2200 rpm ... gross): Horsepower 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS) @ 4400 rpm Torque 280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m) @ 2200 rpm Compression ratio 8.5:1 Output for ... gross): Horsepower 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS) @ 4400 rpm Torque 280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m) @ 2200 rpm Compression ratio 8:1 Output for ...
Turbine shaft rated output is about 90MW at rated gross head of 101m. Maximum plant discharge is 4X100m3/s. Plant rated annual ...
... is equal to the amount of the difference between gross output (roughly, the total sales value) and net output (gross value ... Because this value must be subtracted from gross output to arrive at GDP, how it is exactly defined and estimated will ... of Gross Output. The services component in intermediate consumption has grown strongly in the US, from about 30% in the 1980s ... Thus, even although rents must be paid out of the gross revenue of producing enterprises, they are to a large extent excluded ...
Rice remains the largest crop grown in Mizoram by gross value of output. Fruits have grown to become the second largest ... Mizoram gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2011-2012 was about ₹6,991 crore (US$1.1 billion). The state's gross state ... The state's gross state domestic product for 2012 was estimated at ₹6,991 crore (US$1.1 billion). About 20% of Mizoram's ... The sector's contribution to the gross state domestic product was 30% in 1994, just 14% in 2009 due to economic growth of other ...
Gross Value Added, a measure of output, was £27,464 million for Sussex in 2009. GVA per head in 2009 for Sussex was £17,590, ...
United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series. ... and this additional cooling tower meant to provide additional cooling capacity to accommodate the additional thermal output ...
Industrial gross output in 2011 was VND 314 trillion, 10.6% of the national value. It has received a broad range of FDI ... to the national maize output. Đồng Nai also produced 619,700t of sugar cane (3.5% of the national output), sweet potatoes and ... Output of rice has however remained stable and was at 335,200t in 2011. The province also produced 305,300t of maize, making it ...
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article. Parekh, DJ, Pope IV, JC, Adams, MC & Brock, JW 2002, The association of an ... We also wanted to compare the yield of a urinary calcium-to-creatinine ratio in patients with gross and microscopic hematuria ... We also wanted to compare the yield of a urinary calcium-to-creatinine ratio in patients with gross and microscopic hematuria ... We also wanted to compare the yield of a urinary calcium-to-creatinine ratio in patients with gross and microscopic hematuria ...
BEA director J. Steven Landefeld spearheaded the effort to bring gross output and gross output-by-industry up to date and ... Starting in April, 2014, the BEA began publishing gross output and gross output-by-industry on a quarterly basis, along with ... National accounts Input-output model GNP "What is gross output by industry and how does it differ from gross domestic product ... It is equal to the value of net output or GDP (also known as gross value added) plus intermediate consumption. Gross output ...
Table 2 - Gross domestic product, output and income approach: Netherlands ISIC Rev. 4 ... gross fixed capital formation by asset, gross fixed capital formation by institutional sector, and components of disposable ...
Gross output (GO), the top line of national accounting and a leading economic indicator, grew at a slower pace than GDP in the ... GROSS OUTPUT AND B2B INDEX ADVANCE SHARPLY AFTER ELECTION. Washington, DC (Friday, April 21, 2017): Gross output (GO), the top ... THIRD QUARTER GROSS OUTPUT AND B2B SPENDING GAIN MOMENTUM. Washington, DC (Friday, January 19, 2018): Gross output (GO), the ... Filed Under: Articles, Featured Story, Gross Output, Main, News Tagged With: Economy, GDP, Gross Output ...
Table 2 - Gross domestic product, output and income approach: Finland. ISIC Rev. 4 OECD http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na_ma_dt- ... Asset-Management/oecd/economics/national-accounts-of-oecd-countries-volume-2013-issue-2/gross-domestic-product-output-and- ... Gross domestic product, output and income approach: Finland ... Gross domestic product, output and income approach. ‌. ISIC Rev ...
Source of US economic statistics including national income and product accounts (NIPAs), gross domestic product (GDP) and ... Real Gross Output by Industry in Q1 2016. Source Data. Foreign Direct Investment and U.S. Businesses in 2015. Source Data ... Gross domestic product, the total dollar value of goods and services sold in the U.S., has become fundamental to American ... Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 1.1 percent in the first quarter of 2016, according to the "third" estimate ...
Hospitals and Nursing and Residential Care Facilities Gross Output in the US, Forecast 2017 - 2021. * Annual ...
Grasshopper 225Gross weight: No, Engine output: 25. Zero turn mowers. 1500 h. United States, Allentown, Pennsylvania. ... Grasshopper 124-48General grade (1 min - 5 max): 3, Gross weight: 370, Engine output: 23.1136, Traction type: 2 WD, Cutter type ... Grasshopper 329Gross weight: No. Zero turn mowers. 2011 1073 h. United States, Bluffton, Indiana. ... Grasshopper 721DEngine output: 21, Front tyres remaining: RearTyreCondition%, Front tyre size: RearTyreSize. Zero turn mowers. ...
Andy Stainthorpe, the companys sales manager, said: "In broad terms, we now have a Clearfield variety that is on parity [for yield] with typical non-Clearfield varieties.". Clearfield varieties have tolerance to the herbicide imazamox, which has good activity against brassica weeds such as charlock and runch.. Not only are they valuable for controlling these difficult weeds, they are also proving useful for farmers tackling high-erucic acid OSR volunteers.. This has resulted in the UK Clearfield OSR area increasing significantly in the past three years, accounting for 60,000ha this season.. However, up to now there has been a yield penalty for this trait. As Mr Stainthorpe pointed out, PT279CL has made its way through the trials and its yield means it is up for recommendation in the East and West.. It also scores well for disease resistance, with a 6 rating for light leaf spot and the same score for phoma. "It is not too tall and has a good competitive yield," he said.. The seed crop in France ...
Gross value of fisheries output (2003)6:. 1.7 billion US$. Trade (2003): ... Output controls. The total allowable catch (TAC) is set for five different areas; Tonkin Gulf, Central Region, South-eastern ... According to a recent report published by the Institute for Aquaculture, marine harvest output is 1.8 times higher than the ...
Aquaculture industry gross output increased by €28.9 million in 2016 The National Statistics Office has said today, that last ...
Japans industrial output fell a record 15.3% in March from the previous month, while household spending tumbled, the ... TOKYO-Japans industrial output fell a record 15.3% in March from the previous month, while household spending tumbled, the ...
Before 1972, gross - not net - output was given.) A manual transmission wasnt at first available, just a well-sorted five- ... the engines output drop was also exaggerated by the move from SAE gross to net ratings). There were now eight engines offered ... Emissions regulations brought with them drops in compression ratios, which began to strangle engine outputs ( ... of the Slant Six at 105 net horsepower and ranging back up to the unchanged 426 Hemi V8 that was still rated at 425 gross hp ( ...
... economic output (GDP) and median home prices. , Community & Economic Development ... Real Economic Output (real GDP): Total gross output of a county economy adjusted for inflation. The estimates are in chained ... Economic Output (gross domestic product - GDP): Total value of goods and services produced by a county economy, also known as ... They also lag in economic output (GDP) recovery due to deeper economic output (GDP) declines. ...
Fisheries gross output worth RM14 bln last year: MOA The gross value of fisheries output totalled some RM 14 billion last year ... of Chinese aquaculture output. While the farming of traditional species has developed, there has been a trend towards high- ...
Gross value added = gross value of output - value of intermediate consumption. Value of output = value of the total sales of ... The value of output of all sectors is then added to get the gross value of output at factor cost. Subtracting each sectors ... GDP = compensation of employees + gross operating surplus + gross mixed income + taxes less subsidies on production and imports ... Often called profits, although only a subset of total costs are subtracted from gross output to calculate GOS. ...
gross output to ISO 3046 78 kW / 106 HP Max. gross output to SAE J1995 78 kW / 106 HP ... Rated output ISO 14396. 76 kW / 103 HP Availability See countries Availability in the following countries: AD, AT, AU, AX, BE, ...
gross output to ISO 3046 143 kW / 194 HP Max. gross output to SAE J1995 143 kW / 194 HP ... Rated output ISO 14396. 140 kW / 190 HP Availability See countries Availability in the following countries: AD, AT, AU, AX, BE ...
world leader in gross value of agricultural output; rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, ... Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated ...
gross national product or total output ,pause dur=1.7/, so these are the kinds of things that are ,pause dur=0.2/, there , ... to output ,pause dur=0.3/, gross ,pause dur=1.2/, national product ,pause dur=1.8/, and this is what this says ,pause dur ... total output ,pause dur=0.2/, generated in a country ,pause dur=0.2/, in one year ,pause dur=0.9/, Gross National Product ... so total output is for example this building theres the total output of a firm in one year ,pause dur=2.0/, lets imagine ...
Rice remains the largest crop grown in Mizoram by gross value of output.[77] Fruits have grown to become the second largest ... Mizoram gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2011-2012 was about ₹6,991 crore (US$970 million).[8] The states gross state ... The states gross state domestic product for 2012 was estimated at ₹6,991 crore (US$970 million).[8] About 20% of Mizorams ... to the states gross product. The state produces about 5200 metric tonnes of fish a year, about 12% of potential that can be ...
... labour and production output ... Gross output * Records * Pig Calender * Pig Ration * Pig ...
Gross Output. Start of Construction. Criticality. First Power. Commercial Operation. 648 MWe. 1976. March 1983. April 1983. ... The single-unit has a gross output of 648 MWe.. About CANDU life extension projects CANDU reactors are designed to undergo a ... The single-unit CANDU 6 reactor has a gross output of 648 MWe. Construction started in 1976, and the Embalse plant began ... increase the power output, enhance the safety systems and provide up-to-date safety analysis and assessments. The Embalse ...
The cereal sector, which contributes the remaining 12 percent of the gross agricultural output, is far more organised being ... Extensive livestock production accounts for some 88 percent of gross agricultural output. The transition to a market economy ... 4.4 Cereal Output in 1997. The forecast total cereal production, comprising an estimated 98 percent of spring wheat and 2 ... choice of early maturing, low-yielding varieties to suit the emergence of a low-input/low output system. - reduction between ...
Figure 14: Generator unit system output loads and gross reserves for 21 units with 20 percent increase in demand. ... Figure 15: Distiller unit system output loads and gross reserves for 21 units with 20 percent increase in demand. ... Figure 13: Distiller unit system output loads and gross reserves for 21 units. ... Figure 12: Unit system output loads and gross reserves for 21 units. ...
  • Purpose: The role of hypercalciuria for the evaluation of unexplained asymptomatic gross and microscopic hematuria in children remains unclear, as evidenced by conflicting reports in the literature. (elsevier.com)
  • The remaining county economies that still need to reach their pre-recession levels on economic output (GDP) are small, in counties with fewer than 50,000 residents, mainly in Southern states such as Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina and Virginia. (naco.org)
  • Economic & Population Growth, and Associated Energy Consumption Projections - A number of qualified organizations have routinely developed projections of future World and individual Countries' economies' outputs, populations and energy production-consumption. (theenergycollective.com)
  • The OECD defines GDP as "an aggregate measure of production equal to the sum of the gross values added of all resident and institutional units engaged in production (plus any taxes, and minus any subsidies, on products not included in the value of their outputs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Starting in April, 2014, the BEA began publishing gross output and gross output-by-industry on a quarterly basis, along with GDP. (wikipedia.org)
  • He focused on gross output-by-industry, i.e., the inner-workings between industries, not the aggregate GO. (wikipedia.org)
  • BEA director J. Steven Landefeld spearheaded the effort to bring gross output and gross output-by-industry up to date and released quarterly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Erich Strassner of the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and Gregory Ip of The Economist discuss a government report that analyzes gross domestic product (GDP) for 22 industry sectors on a quarterly basis. (bea.gov)
  • The National Statistics Office has said today, that last year the gross output of the aquaculture industry increased. (gozonews.com)
  • After 1985, industrial relocation, mainly from Hong Kong, accelerated the growth of light industry in PRD until early 1990s, following which heavy industry featuring hi-tech electronic equipment and machinery, chemical products and autos etc. played a leading role in industrial output and export. (hktdc.com)
  • Contains producer price indices of materials and fuels purchased and output of manufacturing industry by broad sector. (econstats.com)
  • The All Industry Index takes a reading of activity in the tertiary index combined with activity in the construction, agricultural and fisheries industries, the public sector and industrial output. (cmegroup.com)
  • The index includes the tertiary index which is released a few days before the all industry plus the construction, agricultural and fisheries industries, the public sector and industrial output. (cmegroup.com)
  • But it is possible to examine industry changes in labour productivity (the ratio of output to labour input). (abs.gov.au)
  • Wassily Leontief, a Russian America economist at Harvard University, followed with the development of the first input-output tables, which he regarded as a better survey of the whole economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The output gap is an economic measure of the difference between the actual output of an economy and its potential output. (imf.org)
  • Potential output is the maximum amount of goods and services an economy can turn out when it is most efficient-that is, at full capacity. (imf.org)
  • Often, potential output is referred to as the production capacity of the economy. (imf.org)
  • A negative output gap occurs when actual output is less than what an economy could produce at full capacity. (imf.org)
  • An output gap suggests that an economy is running at an inefficient rate-either overworking or underworking its resources. (imf.org)
  • Theoretically, if policymakers get the actual unemployment rate to equal the NAIRU, the economy will produce at its maximum level of output without straining resources-in other words, there will be no output gap and no inflation pressure. (imf.org)
  • But because factory output represents only a small piece of the U.S. economy, the pain has so far remained contained. (mail.com)
  • before that, Chinese central planners worked under the concept of gross social output (GSO), which excluded many segments of the economy counted under GNP. (imf.org)
  • The Mission forecasts the production of wheat in 1997 at 282 000 tons, some 28 percent above output in 1996. (fao.org)
  • Gross output represents, roughly speaking, the total value of sales by producing enterprises (their turnover) in an accounting period (e.g. a quarter or a year), before subtracting the value of intermediate goods used up in production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis of the latest estimate of gross domestic product and economic commentary for prices, short-term indicators and labour market indicators to complement theme day economic commentary for March 2018. (ons.gov.uk)
  • Growth in the Consumer Prices Index including owner occupiers' housing costs (CPIH) fell to 2.5% in February 2018, while growth in input and output Produce Price Index (PPI) both fell to 3.4% and 2.6% respectively. (ons.gov.uk)
  • The unemployment gap is a concept closely related to the output gap. (imf.org)
  • Deviations of the unemployment rate from the NAIRU are associated with deviations of output from its potential level. (imf.org)
  • One thing that concerns economists and policymakers about these ups and downs (commonly called the business cycle) is how close current output is to an economy's long-term potential output. (imf.org)
  • Although economists have many ways of explaining--or modeling--economic growth, a common approach is the neoclassical framework, which describes how productive factors such as capital and labor combine to generate output and which offers analytical simplicity and a well-developed methodology. (imf.org)
  • Gross Output in the Food & Beverage & Tobacco Product Manufacturing Industries, U.S. (plunkettresearch.com)
  • Gross Ecosystem Product (GEP) aims to specific indicators to measure the total economic value of all ecosystem products and services. (iucn.org)
  • Early estimates of the potential revenue that could be raised with an FTT frequently exceeded 1 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) annually (see, for example, Pollin, Baker, and Schaberg 2003). (epi.org)
  • Federal debt held by the public is now about 73 percent of the economy's annual output, or gross domestic product (GDP). (cnn.com)
  • North Mara is Acacia's largest mine, producing 336,055 ounces of gold last year, comprising 65 percent of the company's output, Acacia said in its annual report. (reuters.com)
  • In this context, the output gap is a summary indicator of the relative demand and supply components of economic activity. (imf.org)
  • Policymakers often use potential output to gauge inflation and typically define it as the level of output consistent with no pressure for prices to rise or fall. (imf.org)
  • ElectraTherm's Power+ 4400, ElectraTherm's standard Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) generator with electrical output up to 65kWe, feeds off the hot water from the boiler to generate green energy from heat that would otherwise go to waste. (electratherm.com)
  • Two methods for gross export flow decomposition using Inter-Country Input-Output tables are provided. (repec.org)
  • --> Linear compartmental models: input-output equations and operations that preserve identifiability , with Elizabeth Gross, Heather A. Harrington, and Nicolette Meshkat. (tamu.edu)
  • The amount by which output growth exceeds input growth is the productivity improvement. (abs.gov.au)
  • the remaining 2.0% of output growth reflected productivity improvement. (abs.gov.au)
  • As a share of total output, however, residential investment is currently at its highest share since the mid-1980s: In 2006:Q1, real residential investment grew by 3.1%, contributing about two-tenths of a percentage point to real GDP growth. (frbsf.org)
  • The chest revealed a gallop without murmur heard over the apex at the left fifth intercostal space, midclavicular line, more than likely due to the high-output state of fever and anemia, depicted later in the laboratory data. (ispub.com)
  • Key Chinese packaging machinery companies, containing operation, output and sales volume, major customers and new products. (prweb.com)
  • With its annual output of some 22 million tons of lignite, the Inden opencast mine ensures the supply of the Weisweiler power plant. (rwe.com)
  • Our mandate also includes the engineering and equipment to replace the station's digital control computers, deliver a state-of-the-art emergency power supply, increase the power output, enhance the safety systems and provide up-to-date safety analysis and assessments. (snclavalin.com)
  • The new gross-output of a 12 module NuScale power plant will be 720 MWe. (nextbigfuture.com)
  • It consists of power-plant units, called pressurised-water reactors, with an output of 2,394 MW. (rwe.com)
  • Internal mechanical power (Gross mechanical output power), v. Starting torque and current, vi. (coursehero.com)