Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Carbon Footprint: A measure of the total greenhouse gas emissions produced by an individual, organization, event, or product. It is measured in units of equivalent kilograms of CARBON DIOXIDE generated in a given time frame.Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Global Warming: Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Methane: The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Energy-Generating Resources: Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.Mandatory Testing: Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Nitrous Oxide: Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Denitrification: Nitrate reduction process generally mediated by anaerobic bacteria by which nitrogen available to plants is converted to a gaseous form and lost from the soil or water column. It is a part of the nitrogen cycle.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Carbon Sequestration: Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Earth (Planet): Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Waste Management: Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Environment, Controlled: A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Nitrification: A process facilitated by specialized bacteria involving the oxidation of ammonium to nitrite and nitrate.Gasoline: Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.Garbage: Discarded animal and vegetable matter from a kitchen or the refuse from food preparation. (From Random House College Dictionary, 1982)Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Refuse Disposal: The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Carbon Cycle: The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.FiresHuman Activities: Activities performed by humans.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Vehicle Emissions: Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Ecological Systems, Closed: Systems that provide for the maintenance of life in an isolated living chamber through reutilization of the material available, in particular, by means of a cycle wherein exhaled carbon dioxide, urine, and other waste matter are converted chemically or by photosynthesis into oxygen, water, and food. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Nitrogen Oxides: Inorganic oxides that contain nitrogen.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Pulmonary Gas Exchange: The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.Noble Gases: Elements that constitute group 18 (formerly the zero group) of the periodic table. They are gases that generally do not react chemically.Pest Control, Biological: Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Ammonia: A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.Solanum melongena: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The fruit is a large, egg-shaped berry, varying in color from dark purple to red, yellowish, or white. The leaves are large and ovate. The flowers are pendant, violet, and two inches across.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Lavandula: A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Archaea: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.Voluntary Programs: Programs in which participation is not required.Microclimate: The climate of a very small area.Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Cucumis sativus: A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.Gas PoisoningBlood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Rosmarinus: A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known as a spice and medicinal plant.Oxidoreductases: The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Solar Energy: Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.BrazilPremarital Examinations: Medical tests taken by couples planning to be married in order to determine presence of genetic and contagious diseases.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Evolution, Planetary: Creation and development of bodies within solar systems, includes study of early planetary geology.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gas, Natural: A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Endophytes: An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Planets: Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Centaurea: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain 5-methyl-8-hydroxycoumarin. The common name of centaury is more often used for CENTAURIUMCapsicum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. The hot peppers yield CAPSAICIN, which activates VANILLOID RECEPTORS. Several varieties have sweet or pungent edible fruits that are used as vegetables when fresh and spices when the pods are dried.Head Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Cucurbita: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, which includes pumpkin, gourd and squash.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Gas Gangrene: A severe condition resulting from bacteria invading healthy muscle from adjacent traumatized muscle or soft tissue. The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.Biological Control Agents: Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Wireless Technology: Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Bread: Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.Desert Climate: A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Oil and Gas Fields: Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Tetranychidae: Family of spider MITES, in the superfamily Tetranychoidea, suborder Trombidiformes.Gloves, Protective: Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Insect Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.Vitis: A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Fragaria: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
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The drivers for corporate GHG accounting include mandatory GHG reporting in directors' reports, investment due diligence, ... Greenhouse gas emissions accounting Carbon accounting Enterprise carbon accounting Greenhouse gas inventory Greenhouse gas ... Greenhouse gas accounting describes the way to inventory and audit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A corporate or ... also provides some general standards for greenhouse gas emissions at organisation level (ISO 14064 - 1) and greenhouse gas ...
A number of frameworks have been developed to account for and report greenhouse gas emissions and natural capital. However, the ... The results favored mandatory reporting a draft regulation was released on July 25, 2012. CDSB's Climate Change Reporting ... including the Greenhouse Gas Protocol and International Financial Reporting Standards as well as reflecting regulatory and ... "Greenhouse Gas Protocol". Ghgprotocol.org. 2012-10-11. Retrieved 2012-11-05. "About the IFRS Foundation and the IASB". Ifrs.org ...
2010 the USEPA's Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases rule, requires thousands of companies in the US to monitor their ... The report showed that the country was on track to achieve President Bush's goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions per unit ... Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Under 1605(b): Authorized under Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, this ... greenhouse gas emissions The report's findings were disputed by the World Resources Institute, which said the EPA analysis of ...
Separately, the Environmental Protection Agency in 2009 commenced implementing a mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program, ... "Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program". Energy Information Agency. Retrieved 2011-10-17. "Greenhouse Gas Reporting ... "Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program: Data and Reports". Energy Information Agency. Retrieved 2011-10-17. " ... It is administered by the Energy Information Administration through the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program. ...
Ontario also in 2010 passed a new regulation called the Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission. This ... Quebec has also passed Regulation Respecting Mandatory Reporting of Certain Emissions of Contaminants into the Atmosphere. ... This committee is intended to; review progress from agreement, create detailed reports on a bi-yearly basis, refer each report ... 1957 the committee released its final report to the Ontario provincial legislator. The report called for the establishment of a ...
Old Ballot Label: "Suspends air pollution control laws requiring major polluters to report and reduce greenhouse gas emissions ... and mandatory emissions reporting and fee requirements for major emissions sources such as power plants and oil refineries. ... "Effort to repeal greenhouse gas law receives mysterious donation of nearly $500,000", Los Angeles Times, April 19, 2010. " ... Suspends comprehensive greenhouse-gas-reduction program that includes increased renewable energy and cleaner fuel requirements ...
In 2010, Executive Order 13514 was issued, requiring Federal agencies to "measure, report, and reduce their greenhouse gas ... California's Mandatory GHG emissions reporting program (Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, AB 32), and other GHG protocols; ... the Personal Greenhouse Gas Emissions Calculator, and the Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator use eGRID. Other tools such ... Combined Heat and Power Partnership Homepage Executive Order 13514 Federal GHG Accounting and Reporting Guidance Greenhouse Gas ...
... are reported on EPA's Rad Net web site in a section entitled Envirofacts. Despite mandatory reporting certain readings ... Further information: Regulation of greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act. Wikinews has related news: EPA proposes using ... EPA employees have reported difficulty in conducting and reporting the results of studies on hydraulic fracturing due to ... and reduce greenhouse gas release.. *The Section 404 Program regulates the discharge of dredged or fill material into ...
... regulation and co-ordination Greenhouse emissions and energy consumption reporting Climate change adaptation strategy and co- ... by developing a more prosperous and sustainable Australia by leading and coordinating the mitigation of greenhouse gas ... climate change policy International climate change negotiations Design and implementation of emissions trading Mandatory ...
On June 26, 2009, Reuters reported that "[s]tates that have set the U.S. agenda on addressing greenhouse gas emissions are ... a Congressional body passed legislation that would place mandatory limits on the emissions of the greenhouse gases that cause ... 10-state Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, the Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord, which joins six U.S. states with ... The analysis did not attempt to quantify the environmental benefits of reduced greenhouse gas emissions. The report also stated ...
This first bill focuses on climate and seeks to divide, by four, all emissions of greenhouse gases by 2050. The industrial ... mandatory reporting of the presence of nanomaterials in products for general public, establishment of a plan on air quality. ... Special report by Le Monde (in French only) Presentation on the government portal Official website of the Sustainable Building ...
Energy consumption Greenhouse gas emission Both of the measurements comprises 7-label ratings, ranging from A (best) to G ( ... The scheme was mandatory for new dwelling and in 2008, its use was extended to non-residential and public buildings, in 2009 ... The first part of rating consists reports on water consumption, energy consumption and GHGs emission per year, which are ... Beside this high growth in energy consumption it also causes to increase the production of green house gases to the atmosphere ...
... while the carbon accounting standard enables verification and registration of quantified greenhouse gas emissions reductions or ... Once the auditor evaluates the responses they write up the final audit & validation report and forward this with their ... documentation is sufficient and appropriate to proceed with an audit they forward the documents to the CCBA for the mandatory ... to demonstrate the delivery of social and environmental benefits from activities that reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases ...
... regulation and co-ordination Greenhouse emissions and energy consumption reporting Climate change adaptation strategy and co- ... ordination Co-ordination of climate change science activities Renewable energy Energy efficiency Greenhouse gas abatement ... climate change policy International climate change negotiations Design and implementation of emissions trading Mandatory ...
The rules governing accounting and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from LULUCF under the Kyoto Protocol are contained in ... The Kyoto Protocol article 3.3 thus requires mandatory LULUCF accounting for afforestation (no forest for last 50 years), ... "removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol." Under the UNFCCC reporting guidelines, ... National Greenhouse Gas Inventory: Analysis of Recent Trends and Greenhouse Indicators 1990 to 2004, Commonwealth of Australia ...
"Greenhouse Gas Reductions". Diesel Technology Forum. Archived from the original on 2008-03-02. Retrieved 2008-03-13.. ... Microbial Contamination of Diesel Fuel: Impact, Causes and Prevention (Technical report). Dow Chemical Company. 2003. 253-01246 ... and becoming mandatory on June 1, 2010 (see also diesel exhaust). U.S. diesel fuel typically also has a lower cetane number (a ... Diesel-powered cars generally have a better fuel economy than equivalent gasoline engines and produce less greenhouse gas ...
The EPA is amending specific provisions in the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule to correct certain technical and ... Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases. A Rule by the Environmental Protection Agency on 11/29/2011. ... The EPA is amending specific provisions in the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule to correct certain technical and ... a) This part establishes mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting requirements for owners and operators of certain facilities ...
Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting. A Rule by the Environmental Protection Agency on 10/24/2014. ...
Environmental Protection Agency: Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases, GAO-10-228R, November 13, 2009. ... entitled Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (RIN: 2060-AO79). We received the rule on September 28, 2009. It was published ... The final rule requires reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from all sectors of the economy. Specifically, the rule ... REPORT UNDER 5 U.S.C. sect. 801(a)(2)(A) ON A MAJOR RULE. ISSUED BY THE. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY. ENTITLED. MANDATORY ...
Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule. Compliance Area: Environmental Health & Safety. *Requires annual reporting of ... Fair Credit Reporting Act. Compliance Area: Financial Reporting. *The Fair Credit Reporting Act regulates the collection, ... Compliance Area: Financial Reporting. *FACTA amends the Fair Credit Reporting Act by providing provisions to help reduce ... The University is required to submit a federal compliance report to the Higher Learning Commission each year. The report shall ...
Find greenhouse gas emissions reporting articles on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace ... Greenhouse gas reporting in the ethylene manufacturing sector Abstract The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Mandatory Reporting Rule (MRR ... greenhouse gas emissions reporting Articles. Related terms for "greenhouse gas emissions reporting ": greenhouse gas articles ... EPA plans to make greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reporting mandatory Mandatory carbon (CO2) emissions reporting is more ...
Get the latest greenhouse gas professional news on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace ... EPA releases proposed mandatory greenhouse gas reporting rule The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has ... greenhouse gas professional News. Related terms for "greenhouse gas professional ": greenhouse gas news ... U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and capture, regionally A new report, Agricultures Role in Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Capture ...
Guide for Designing Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Programs. The report provides comprehensive, step-by-step guidance for ... Climate Policy Greenhouse Gas Impact Assessment. A Case Study Of Beijing Emission Trading Scheme This working paper assesses ... This working paper examines where greenhouse gas emissions are headed if the United States does not take any new action to curb ... Opportunities to Reduce Water Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Chinese Power Sector. Chinas power sector is its largest ...
40 CFR Part 98 - MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING. 40 CFR Part 122 - EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE NATIONAL POLLUTANT ... i) of this section requiring quadrennial reports to Congress and of reporting provisions in subsec. (j)(3)(E) and (F) of this ... F) Beginning in 1996, and every 4 years thereafter, the report under subparagraph (E) shall include- (i) the reduction in ... The report shall include- (i) actual and projected emissions and acid deposition trends; ...
40 CFR Part 98 - MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING. 40 CFR Part 122 - EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE NATIONAL POLLUTANT ... c) Availability of records, reports, and information to public; disclosure of trade secrets Any records, reports or information ... 40 CFR Part 3 - CROSS-MEDIA ELECTRONIC REPORTING. 40 CFR Part 6 - PROCEDURES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ... reports, or information, or particular part thereof, (other than emission data) to which the Administrator has access under ...
Final Rule: Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases. EPA.. *CERCLA/EPCRA Administrative Reporting Exemption for Air Releases of ... Final Rule: Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases. 2009. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Factsheet EPA-430-F- ... Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Rule. Background. In 2009, the GHG Reporting Rule was implemented by EPA to provide a better ... Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases. Federal Register. 2009. 74(209):56337 and 56481. ...
Tracking EPAs enforcement of the CAFO Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule. McAfee & Taft AgLINC , December 1, 2010 ... Oklahomas Oil and Gas Owners Lien Act of 2010. McAfee & Taft AgLINC , December 1, 2010 ... oil and gas matters, mineral rights and royalties, mortgages and foreclosures, creditor and debtor rights, and bankruptcy and ... structuring tax-deferred Section 1031 like-kind exchanges of property such as farm and ranch land and oil and gas interests, ...
Establish mandatory limits on greenhouse gas emissions and harness market mechanisms for economy-wide reductions. ... 3. Create a mandatory GHG reporting system as a basis for an economy-wide emissions trading program. ... Concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have already reached levels unprecedented for hundreds of thousands of ... In addition, the rate and severity of these changes will increase in the absence of significant steps to reduce greenhouse gas ...
12680654 - Determining thresholds for mandatory reporting of greenhouse gas emissions.. 21888754 - Complicated periorbital ... Previous Document: Hyperplasia and Hypertrophy of Pacinian Corpuscles: A Case Report.. Next Document: Primary Cutaneous Gamma- ... A case of a 61-year-old woman with wrinkled lax skin on the anterior and lateral aspects of her neck was reported. Microscopic ... 20415174 - Chondrosarcoma of sinonasal cavity: a case report and brief literature review.. ...
Carbon Modelling & Reporting. • Mandatory Greenhouse Gas (GHG) report. • Corporate, and site carbon footprint development and ... Energy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) compliance risk management. • Cap and trade support. • Renewables Obligation (RO) and Feed-in- ... Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). • Carbon Disclosure Projects (CDP). • WRI GG Protocol/PAS2050 product carbon footprint. ...
Mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting: 40 CFR 98. For a Limited Time receive a FREE EHS Report "Recordkeeping for EHS ... Mandatory GHG Reporting Rule: Subpart Z-Phosphoric Acid Production Monitoring Checklist Forms. Verification Body Conflict of ... Rules. Before 2009, little action was taken at the federal level, beyond voluntary initiatives, to implement greenhouse gas ( ... Managers." This special report contains a recordkeeping checklist to help you keep track of your records for major ...
Mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting: 40 CFR 98. Voluntary carbon sequestration registry: Code of Georgia Annotated (CGA) ... Mandatory Reporting At this time Georgia has no mandatory GHG reporting requirements beyond the federal mandatory GHG reporting ... Reporting GHG emissions:. For a Limited Time receive a FREE EHS Report "Recordkeeping for EHS Managers." This special report ... Mandatory GHG Reporting Rule: Subpart Z-Phosphoric Acid Production Monitoring Checklist Forms. Verification Body Conflict of ...
The EPAs new mandatory greenhouse gas reporting rule, which will come into effect in 2010, aims to remedy this situation. The ... "We do not have specific information for greenhouse gas emissions from the iron and steel industry, or cement making, for ... The current federal accounting method as prescribed by the United Nations, known as the greenhouse gas inventory, follows a ... Because of that, "manufacturing is one very challenging area to use the greenhouse gas inventory for analyses," Hanle says. " ...
Greenhouse Gas Professional & Lead Verifier, Ruby Canyon Engineering. Based in Grand Junction, Colorado, the Greenhouse Gas ... This involves all aspects of GHG accounting: carbon offset projects, mandatory reporting and corporate inventories. Successful ... This years report also reveals the voluntary carbon market is indeed a buyers market as organizations selling carbon offsets ... "The reports are an attempt to benchmark current status and trends of market-based mechanisms for conserving ecosystems in ...
Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases: Petroleum and Natural Gas Systems Document Number: 2010-28655 ... This rule does not require control of greenhouse gases, rather it requires only monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gases. ... Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases: Injection and Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Document Number: 2010-29934 ... Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases: Additional Sources of Fluorinated GHGs Document Number: 2010-28803 ...
Final Rule: Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases: Injection and Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide See Pre-publication ... EPA amended the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Program, 40 CFR part 98, to cover GHG monitoring and reporting requirements for ... EPA proposes to add oil and natural gas, carbon sequestration, and fluorinated gas-emitting facilities to greenhouse gas ... Enhanced oil and gas recovery (EOR) projects using CO2 will be covered under subpart UU, but could be covered by subpart RR if ...
KL calls for amendment to the existing Mandatory GHG Reporting Rule.. Posted in Congress Article tags: Congress ... Preemption and Alteration of EPA and State Authority to Regulate Greenhouse Gases in the Kerry-Lieberman Bill. Posted on May ... EPAs recently finalized Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards.. KL creates several new Clean Air Act programs ... Regional programs based on state cap-and-trade-programs, such as the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) and the Western ...
... the IHS Markit report said. These programs divert organic waste from landfill, thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ... Mandatory composting programs can contribute to demand growth for biodegradable polymers, ... "Diverting organic waste from landfill reduces emissions of methane-which is a potent greenhouse gas. We at IHS Markit expect ... According to the IHS Markit report, together, these two categories of waste accounted for 28 percent of U.S. MSW generation in ...
The drivers for corporate GHG accounting include mandatory GHG reporting in directors reports, investment due diligence, ... Greenhouse gas emissions accounting Carbon accounting Enterprise carbon accounting Greenhouse gas inventory Greenhouse gas ... Greenhouse gas accounting describes the way to inventory and audit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A corporate or ... also provides some general standards for greenhouse gas emissions at organisation level (ISO 14064 - 1) and greenhouse gas ...
The US Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to require livestock agriculture to report manure-related greenhouse gas ... total livestock-related greenhouse gas emissions. - EPA failed to adequate describe which operations are subject to mandatory ... Less crude protein, less greenhouses gases Pig manure is a source of greenhouse gases and can pose a risk for the environment. ... The US Environmental Protection Agencys proposal to require livestock agriculture to report manure-related greenhouse gas ...
... adopting mandatory requirements for ships to collect and report data on the fuel they use; and approving a road map to develop ... a comprehensive strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ships. 2016 saw important progress on verifying goal-based ... effective than other measures and to define the ships and classes of ships for which employment of a pilot would be mandatory. ...
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- In addition, the rate and severity of these changes will increase in the absence of significant steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs). (pewtrusts.org)
- Most of the known matter that is destroying the earth's ozone layer and contributing to global warming is derived from manmade compounds and chemicals with high global warming potential (GWP) and commonly known as greenhouse gases (GHGs). (adda-enterprises.com)
- Around the country a comprehensive initiative, which includes mandatory carbon emissions reporting has been introduced by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with the intention of controlling carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gases (GHGs) that have an effect on global climate change. (adda-enterprises.com)
- However this approach can be very time-consuming and error-prone, and many will opt to use a software program or a web-based application to automatically handle the monitoring and tracking requirements of greenhouse gases (GHGs). (adda-enterprises.com)
- Carbon management is centered around the measurement , management and mitigation of the six greenhouse gases (GHGs) covered by the Kyoto Protocol. (valpak.co.uk)
- On December 7, 2009, the United States (U.S.) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced that greenhouse gases (GHGs), including those released from on-road vehicles, threaten public health and welfare. (ehs-support.com)
- Pursuant to section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, this is our report on a major rule promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), entitled Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (RIN: 2060-AO79). (gao.gov)
- The final rule requires reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from all sectors of the economy. (gao.gov)
- Specifically, the rule requires the reporting of the GHG emissions that could result from the combustion or use of fossil fuel or industrial gas that is produced or imported from upstream sources such as fuel suppliers, as well as reporting of GHG emissions directly emitted from facilities (downstream sources) through their processes and/or from fuel combustion, as appropriate. (gao.gov)
- The rule also establishes appropriate thresholds and frequency for reporting. (gao.gov)
- If you have any questions about this report or wish to contact GAO officials responsible for the evaluation work relating to the subject matter of the rule, please contact Shirley A. Jones, Assistant General Counsel, at (202) 512-8156. (gao.gov)
- The EPA's new mandatory greenhouse gas reporting rule, which will come into effect in 2010, aims to remedy this situation. (popularmechanics.com)
- The rule requires direct annual reporting from every manufacturing facility that produces more than 25,000 tons of carbon dioxide a year. (popularmechanics.com)
- At this time Georgia has no mandatory GHG reporting requirements beyond the federal mandatory GHG reporting rule. (blr.com)
- EPA's PSD and Title V Greenhouse Gas Tailoring Rule is consequently rendered almost entirely irrelevant. (columbia.edu)
- KL calls for amendment to the existing Mandatory GHG Reporting Rule. (columbia.edu)
- This rule does not require control of greenhouse gases, rather it requires only monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gases. (justia.com)
- This rule requires monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gases for these source categories only for sources with carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, imports, or exports above certain threshold levels. (justia.com)
- This rule does not require control of greenhouse gases. (justia.com)
- The costs of the recordkeeping and reporting requirements under the rule are underestimated. (pigprogress.net)
- The gases covered by the proposed rule are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFC), perfluorocarbons (PFC), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), and other fluorinated gases including nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) and hydrofluorinated ethers (HFE). (greenmonk.net)
- INSIDE THIS ISSUE: 2 Oklahoma's Nontestamentary Transfer of Property Act 3 Tracking EPA's enforcement of the CAFO Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule 3 The excess farm loss deduction limitation 4 Oklahoma's Oil and. (jdsupra.com)
- Jasper Group operations are exempt to U.S. EPA's Mandatory Green House Gas (GHG) Reporting Rule published under 40 CFR 98. (communityfurniture.com)
- The EPA is amending specific provisions of the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule to provide greater clarity and flexibility to facilities subject to reporting emissions from the industrial waste landfill, petroleum and natural gas systems, fluorinated gas production, and electronics manufacturing source categories. (thefederalregister.com)
- The changes do not significantly change the overall calculation and monitoring requirements of the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule or add additional requirements for reporters. (thefederalregister.com)
- The EPA is also making confidentiality determinations for four new data elements for the fluorinated gas production source category of the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule. (thefederalregister.com)
- Such a person would become subject to the rule and the reporting requirements of this chapter if they exceed the applicability requirements of subsection (1) or (2) of this section at a later time. (wa.gov)
- The article discusses the importance of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) mandatory Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Rule in the U.S. It states that the data collected under the new regulation will be covered by the American Clean Energy and Security Act to determine measures that will. (ebscohost.com)
- The article reports that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has extended the period of public comment for a proposed rule regarding greenhouse gas reporting from January 21, 2014 to February 20, 2014. (ebscohost.com)
- Finalizes revisions to specific provisions covering 29 subparts of the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule to streamline implementation, improve data quality, more accurately reflect industry practices, and provide clarification. (epa.gov)
- Technical Support Document for the Zinc Production Sector: Proposed Rule for Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases 1 1. (aiwaba.it)
- See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (sec.gov)
- Following our September 29, 2009, client alert entitled "Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Now a Reality", EHS Support has received several requests from our clients for more information and assistance with meeting the requirements of the new rule. (ehs-support.com)
- Under a separate Ecology rule, facilities covered by the Clean Air Rule still are required to report their emissions for the Greenhouse Gas Reporting program . (wa.gov)
- The current federal accounting method as prescribed by the United Nations, known as the greenhouse gas inventory, follows a more top-down approach, rather than a facility-by-facility tack, says the EPA's Lisa Hanle. (popularmechanics.com)
- In its comments, NPPC offered a number of reasons why EPA's mandatory emissions reporting program is not appropriate for hog farms and needs to be revised. (pigprogress.net)
- EPA's proposal exempts from reporting requirements greenhouse gas emissions from natural processes such as from animals' digestive systems. (pigprogress.net)
- Proposed changes would address concerns that public disclosure of certain data elements that are inputs to the equations used to calculate emissions and deferred from reporting until 2015 would reveal business sensitive information and maintain EPA's ability to verify emissions, and ensure compliance. (epa.gov)
- The EPA's mandatory carbon emissions reporting plan comes into effect in 2010. (adda-enterprises.com)
- According to EPA, a mandatory reporting system will benefit the public by increased transparency of facility emissions data and will benefit the government when it develops future greenhouse gas (GHG) emission policies. (gao.gov)
- Emission scopes are being used to determine the category of chemical and usage area, so that facilities can understand and monitor their greenhouse gas impact. (environmental-expert.com)
- This report presents an overview of the progress made by the EU, its Member States and other EEA member countries towards their GHG emission targets. (environmental-expert.com)
- This working paper assesses the GHG reduction impact of Beijing Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) and tracks the implementation status of this policy, using the two WRI-developed tools-Greenhouse Gas Protocol: Policy and Action Standard, and Climate Policy Implementation Tracking Framework. (wri.org)
- Emissions are generally expressed as rates, where the emission rate is the amount of something (odour, dust, gas, etc.) that moves from a defined source (building, storage area, surface, etc.) or set of sources into the ambient air during a measured period of time. (thepigsite.com)
- For example, the amount of gas leaving a barn and moving into the surrounding air over a period of time establishes an emission rate (i.e. lb per day, grams per hour). (thepigsite.com)
- Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg confirmed that emission reporting rules would come into effect from April 2013 in his piece for The Guardian. (wikipedia.org)
- Facility reporting of greenhouse gas emissions provides data that helps Massachusetts develop emission reduction targets and plans, and measure progress toward its Climate Action goals. (mass.gov)
- Retail Sellers need to report their GHG emissions within one month of the agency publishing final emission factors on its web site. (mass.gov)
- The approved scoping plan indicates how these emission reductions will be achieved from significant greenhouse gas sources via regulations, market mechanisms and other actions. (wikipedia.org)
- In December 2007, the Board approved the 2020 emission limit of 427 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse gases, however this limit was later revised to 431 million metric tons using updated methods that had been outlined in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. (wikipedia.org)
- The reporting regulation serves as a solid foundation to determine greenhouse gas emissions and track future changes in emission levels. (wikipedia.org)
- Appoint an Economic and Technology Advancement Advisory Committee (ETAAC) to provide recommendations for technologies, research and greenhouse gas emission reduction measures(ETAAC). (wikipedia.org)
- Our services can help you whether you are eligible for the EU Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), have a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project or simply want to report to one of the growing number of voluntary or state-based initiatives. (sgs.com)
- We are committed to ensuring that GHG emissions and emission reductions are reported in a complete, consistent and accurate manner. (sgs.com)
- Our emission verification determines compliance with caps and for voluntary reporting. (sgs.com)
- Lastly, we are finalizing an amendment to the general provisions to defer the reporting deadline for a data element used as an input to an emission equation in the fluorinated gas production source category until 2015. (thefederalregister.com)
- On October 7, 2009, the Ministry of the Environment posted its draft Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulation and Guideline on the Environmental Registry (under EBR Registry # 010-7889). (mondaq.com)
- A measuring, managing, and mitigating greenhouse gas emission places the foundation for future carbon emissions trading schemes within the United States. (adda-enterprises.com)
- Affected facilities must begin collecting GHG emission data on January 1, 2010, with a report to be generated by March 31, 2011, for reporting year 2010. (ehs-support.com)
- Certain power plants in Washington are required to meet greenhouse gas emission standards, and offset or mitigate their carbon pollution. (wa.gov)
- Learn more about this regulation on the greenhouse gas emission standard and sequestration page . (wa.gov)
- Read more on the petroleum refinery greenhouse gas emission requirements page. (wa.gov)
- But, he rejected emission caps, saying it was not fair for industrialized nations to ask developing countries to commit to mandatory reductions, which he said would harm their development. (voanews.com)
- Also, USDA has the producer protections required to assure widespread participation in any greenhouse gas reduction program. (pigprogress.net)
- AB 32 requires the California Air Resources Board (CARB or ARB) to develop regulations and market mechanisms to reduce California's greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by the year of 2020, representing approximately a 30% reduction statewide, with mandatory caps beginning in 2012 for significant emissions sources. (wikipedia.org)
- The Board identified nine discrete early action measures including regulations affecting landfills, motor vehicle fuels, refrigerants in cars, tire pressure, port operations and other sources in 2007 that included ship electrification at ports and reduction of high GWP gases in consumer products. (wikipedia.org)
- That doesn't mean we shouldn't be doing our fair share on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions," he said. (juneauempire.com)
- With the introduction of mandatory carbon reporting legislation in the UK and increasing corporate social responsibility (CSR) pressures, carbon measurement, reporting and reduction is fast becoming a strategic priority for many organisations. (valpak.co.uk)
- Over half of Toronto's greenhouse gas emissions are generated from buildings, and improving their energy efficiency is key to achieving the City's greenhouse gas emissions reduction target to net zero by 2050, or sooner. (toronto.ca)
- We developed a coordinated set of policies to help meet the state's greenhouse gas reduction targets and track carbon pollution. (wa.gov)
- In 2008, the Legislature adopted reduction targets for greenhouse gases (commonly known as GHG or carbon pollution). (wa.gov)
- These reports help us design policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and track progress toward meeting the state's reduction limits. (wa.gov)
- The UK government's Construction 2025 strategy targets a 33% reduction in the whole-life cost of built assets and a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2025. (bdonline.co.uk)
- Greenhouse gas emissions accounting Carbon accounting Enterprise carbon accounting Greenhouse gas inventory Greenhouse gas monitoring Carbon footprint Verified Carbon Standard About GHG Accounting Archived 2014-05-09 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
- Pork operations or facilities generally produce airborne particulate matter (e.g. dust, or other solid or liquid material suspended in the air) and several gases (i.e. ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) that are addressed in current federal ambient air quality rules and regulations 1 . (thepigsite.com)
- The Massachusetts Global Warming Solutions Act (GWSA) , which became law in 2008, required the Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) to promulgate mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting regulations. (mass.gov)
- We found a small positive relationship (+11%), but far less significant than when we looked at mandatory regulations. (unpri.org)
- In both developed and emerging markets, companies subject to mandatory ESG disclosure regulations score better than those who are not. (unpri.org)
- 4 Bay Area Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory: 2007 Introduction The Bay Area Air Quality Management District (Air District or BAAQMD) is the regional public agency responsible for the protection of the public s health and welfare from airborne pollutants, primarily by promulgating and enforcing regulations to reduce air pollution as provided by the Federal Clean Air Act, California Clean Air Act and State legislative mandates. (docplayer.net)
- As part of the draft greenhouse gas (GHG) regulations, any organization that uses refrigerant gases or other regulated substances would be required to comply with mandatory carbon emissions reporting. (adda-enterprises.com)
- These substances are important to track in relation to existing regulations such as The Montreal Protocol and are partially covered under the proposed mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting regulations. (adda-enterprises.com)
- Organizations can comply with CO2 emissions management regulations and reporting in a couple of ways. (adda-enterprises.com)
- The Government are to introduce regulations on mandatory reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by LSE-quoted companies in April 2013. (carbonaction.co.uk)
- Manufacturing and industrial processes themselves release greenhouse gases, which the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates to be equivalent to about 350 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions--5 percent of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. (popularmechanics.com)
- Reporting is mandatory for any supplier required to file periodic tax reports to DOL and has total carbon dioxide emissions that exceed the reporting threshold defined in (a) of this subsection. (wa.gov)
- ii) Calculate the total annual carbon dioxide emissions in metric tons from all applicable fuel quantities and fuel types as established in WAC 173-441-130 (1) and reported to DOL. (wa.gov)
- In 2009, California's mandatory Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Program required the state's largest industrial GHG emitters to report their emissions for the first time, and in November the California Air Resources Board released this data to the public. (kqed.org)
- Under California's law, known as AB 32, the state is setting limits on greenhouse gas emissions from automobiles, oil refineries and other industries, and will probably require that a third of the state's electricity come from renewable sources by 2020, up from about 15% today. (blogspot.com)
- We publish an inventory of Washington's greenhouse gases every two years, measuring the state's progress in reducing greenhouse gases compared to a 1990 baseline. (wa.gov)
- The state's RPS program is further compromised by Illinois' reliance on fossil-fueled electricity generation from coal and natural gas as well as nuclear power. (foodandwaterwatch.org)
- Grazinglands represent one of the largest land resources in the world, yet their role as net sinks or sources of greenhouse gases is essentially unknown. (environmental-expert.com)
- AB 32 includes several specific requirements of the California Air Resources Board: Prepare and approve a scoping plan for achieving the maximum technologically feasible and cost-effective reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from sources or categories of sources of greenhouse gases by 2020. (wikipedia.org)
- Guidelines Explain how and why your company emits greenhouse gases from heating your buildings, to distributing your products, to specialist process emissions. (environmental-expert.com)
- Any facility that emits ten thousand metric tons CO 2 e or more per calendar year in total GHG emissions from all applicable source categories listed in WAC 173-441-120 exceeds the reporting threshold. (wa.gov)
- A major source is one that emits greenhouse gases equivalent to 25,000 metric tons per year of carbon. (ebscohost.com)
- EPA is promulgating a regulation to require greenhouse gas monitoring and reporting from facilities that conduct geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide and all other facilities that conduct injection of carbon dioxide. (justia.com)
- EPA is issuing a regulation to require monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from additional sources of fluorinated greenhouse gases, including electronics manufacturing, fluorinated gas production, electrical equipment use, electrical equipment manufacture or refurbishment, as well as importers and exporters of pre-charged equipment and closed-cell foams. (justia.com)
- Adopt a regulation requiring the mandatory reporting of greenhouse gas emissions. (wikipedia.org)
- In December 2007, the Board adopted a regulation requiring the largest industrial sources to report and verify their greenhouse gas emissions. (wikipedia.org)
- ARB Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Regulation. (ca.gov)
- In Business Persons , I've gone further to argue (in chapter 7) that both majority and dissenting opinions in Citizens United appear to support mandatory disclosure as a good compromise strategy for regulation. (theconglomerate.org)
- The proposed Regulation would lead to a number of new functional safety requirements, namely mandatory anti-lock braking systems fitted to medium and high performance motorcycles, whereas low performance motorcycles are proposed to be equipped with an anti-lock braking system, a combined brake system or both. (europa.eu)
- But the power companies also voiced support for mandatory limits on CO2 - the kind of regulation the president has repeatedly rejected. (loe.org)
- The regulation proposes an annual reporting system for large emitters. (mondaq.com)
- The draft regulation provides a certain amount of flexibility in quantifying GHG emissions for the first reporting period. (mondaq.com)
- The Province of Ontario's Energy & Water Reporting and Benchmarking (EWRB) regulation , is designed to help building owners and managers improve their building's energy and water efficiency. (toronto.ca)
- Through this regulation, some privately owned buildings (greater than 50,000 square feet) will be required to report annual energy and water consumption and performance data. (toronto.ca)
- Subscribe to EWRB E-Updates to receive reminders, update announcements and information on helpful resources available to Building Owners and other individuals reporting in Toronto under this regulation. (toronto.ca)
- Download the Ontario Ministry of Energy Guide for using Portfolio Manager to report under the EWRB regulation. (toronto.ca)
- The regulation is given legal force under Section 85 of the Climate Change Act 2008 and under section 416(4) of the Companies Act 2006 requiring the Directors' report of a company to contain information regarding emissions of GHG for which a company is responsible. (carbonaction.co.uk)
- Before 2009, little action was taken at the federal level, beyond voluntary initiatives, to implement greenhouse gas (GHG) management strategies ensuring that GHG emissions are accounted for and controlled. (blr.com)
- Georgia has implemented a voluntary program for the reporting of GHG emissions and has developed statutes for the establishment of a voluntary carbon sequestration registry. (blr.com)
- Georgia is a member of the Climate Registry, which supports voluntary and regulatory GHG emissions reporting programs. (blr.com)
- The first is Unlocking Potential: State of Voluntary Carbon Markets 2017 report , which launches today at the Innovate4Climate event in Barcelona. (ecosystemmarketplace.com)
- While Unlocking Potential is the latest installment of an annual global report tracking voluntary carbon market activity, we're also unveiling a report in June that showcases voluntary carbon market activity happening solely in European countries. (ecosystemmarketplace.com)
- MassDEP responded by issuing 310 CMR 7.71 , which identifies the facilities that need to report, establishes methodologies for calculating and verifying emissions, and allows voluntary reporting by facilities for which it is not mandatory. (mass.gov)
- To help you meet mandatory and voluntary reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, SGS offers you a range of climate change services. (sgs.com)
- The environmental groups said a similar reporting program for toxic emissions, instituted nationally in 1986, led to substantial voluntary reductions by industry. (juneauempire.com)
- Though voluntary, the task force recommendations can be seen as an opportunity for governments and accounting standard setters to develop disclosure policy referring to an internationally consistent set of reporting guidelines. (unpri.org)
- Increasingly, many large companies are also issuing voluntary reports regarding their environmental performance (and often adding in other "social impact" elements). (theconglomerate.org)
- Organizations subject to mandatory or voluntary environmental and sustainability reporting will find this new solution agile, intuitive, and simple to use. (prweb.com)
- Big industry and the Bush administration oppose a cap on the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide--they prefer voluntary cuts in CO2. (loe.org)
- That's the kind of voluntary action on climate change favored by President Bush, who backed away from a campaign pledge to cap emissions of the greenhouse gas. (loe.org)
- Sadly the new Conservative-led Government not only failed to meet the deadline of April 6 this year, but did so off the back of a consultation which suggests they may renege on the promise and restrict their aspiration to one of "enhanced voluntary reporting" alone. (sera.org.uk)
- It is this "apples and oranges" argument which is key to why voluntary action isn't sufficient, with the current growth in reporting not simply too slow, but leading to findings which risk lack of coherence between companies, fatally undermining the collective impact of the changes being made and even allowing for the biggest risks to be ignored altogether. (sera.org.uk)
- While smaller facilities (emitting between 10,000 and 25,000 tonnes per year) are not required to report, MOE is encouraging voluntary reporting so that they will be prepared to adapt to emerging North America-wide requirements. (mondaq.com)
- In the interim, MOE is encouraging emitters to have their reports verified on a voluntary basis. (mondaq.com)
- The ISO 14064 GHG Standard is flexible so it can be used for different types and sizes of organizations and for different voluntary and mandatory objectives. (carbonaction.co.uk)
- The executive order required the state to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions levels to 2000 levels by 2010, to 1990 levels by 2020, and to a level 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. (wikipedia.org)
- Identify the statewide level of greenhouse gas emissions in 1990 to serve as the emissions limit to be achieved by 2020. (wikipedia.org)
- This paper highlights the gaps, inconsistencies and uncertainties in the current reporting framework, which was developed for both long-standing obligations and mitigation pledges for the period to 2020. (oecd.org)
- The paper also identifies possible improvements in the UNFCCC reporting framework in the context of the post-2020 transparency framework and nationally determined contributions (NDCs) for the post-2020 period. (oecd.org)
- In July 2020, the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA) and International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP) released the Shoreline Response Programme Guidance. (trinityconsultants.com)
- Reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. (wa.gov)
- suppliers of fossil fuels or industrial greenhouse gases, manufacturers of vehicles and engines, and facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more per year of GHG emissions are required to submit annual reports to EPA. (greenmonk.net)
- Mass emissions of each greenhouse gas listed in Table A-1 of WAC 173-441-040 , metric tons/year. (wa.gov)
- Any supplier that supplies applicable fuels that are reported to DOL as sold in Washington state of which the complete combustion or oxidation would result in total calendar year emissions of ten thousand metric tons or more of carbon dioxide exceeds the reporting threshold. (wa.gov)
- A supplier must apply the mass in metric tons per year of CO 2 that would result from the complete combustion or oxidation of these fuels towards the reporting threshold. (wa.gov)
- We require facilities that emit at least 10,000 metric tons of carbon pollution annually to report their greenhouse gas emissions. (wa.gov)
- We also require state agencies with a baseline of 5,000 metric tons, and universities or colleges with a baseline of 10,000 metric tons, to report their emissions. (wa.gov)
- Facilities that annually pollute at least 10,000 metric tons of greenhouse gasses in Washington. (wa.gov)
- The approach the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) uses to estimate greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural anaerobic lagoons that treat manure contains errors and may underestimate methane emissions by up to 65%, according to scientists from the University of Missouri. (environmental-expert.com)
- Additional reporting requirements, for example, are a disincentive to installing manure lagoon covers and manure digesters that can capture methane gas and convert it to electricity. (pigprogress.net)
- Greenhouse gas emissions are defined in the bill to include all of the following: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons. (wikipedia.org)
- The oil and gas industry is the largest industrial source of U.S. methane emissions with rising rates of pollution and, by every scientific measure, there is more methane in our atmosphere now than any other time in history. (houstonchronicle.com)
- APEC leaders are not expected to endorse mandatory targets for reducing greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, which many scientists blame for warming the earth. (voanews.com)
- The state also sided with the auto industry before the U.S. Supreme Court in a case heard last year, opposing efforts to push the Bush administration to regulate greenhouse gas emissions under the Clean Air Act. (juneauempire.com)
- The Supreme Court has ruled that the Environmental Protection Agency has the legal authority under the Clean Air Act to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles. (ebscohost.com)
- New York City has a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, in keeping with the Paris Agreement. (crainsnewyork.com)
- and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 80% by 2050, according to the newly published results of a two-year study by a committee convened by the National Research Council. (greencarcongress.com)
- To reach the 2050 goals for reducing petroleum use and greenhouse gases, vehicles must become dramatically more efficient, regardless of how they are powered. (greencarcongress.com)
- Reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions 50 percent below 1990 levels by 2050. (wa.gov)
- Greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories are used by businesses, governments and members of the public as they provide levels of allowable carbon emissions and details of how emissions can be reduced. (environmental-expert.com)
- With a focus on corporate or organizational greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, this certification is for professionals who develop, quantify and report GHG emissions and removals. (environmental-expert.com)
- For national GHG inventories, guidance is provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) methodology reports. (wikipedia.org)
- 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Eggleston H.S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T., and Tanabe K. (eds). (ca.gov)
- A Colorado-based company founded in 2005, Ruby Canyon Engineering, Inc. (RCE) is dedicated to the accurate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions accounting of corporate inventories, facility-based reporting, and carbon offset projects. (ecosystemmarketplace.com)
- This position will perform high level GHG verifications/consulting for our clients and will involve all aspects of GHG accounting (carbon offset projects, mandatory GHG reporting, corporate GHG inventories, sustainability reporting). (ecosystemmarketplace.com)
- This greenhouse gas inventory is based on the standards for criteria pollutant inventories and is intended to support the Air District s climate protection activities. (docplayer.net)
- In an effort to understand the quantity of pollutants entering the environment, several countries have implemented pollutant emissions reporting programs. (environmental-expert.com)
- The article focuses on the controversy over how the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should control greenhouse gases through the Clean Air Act (CAA) in the U.S. It states that the 40-year-old CAA has become obsolete to regulate large-volume conventional air pollutants such as ozone and. (ebscohost.com)
- It can manage and report on a wide range of data such as air pollutants, greenhouse gasses, water, wastewater, waste, or other sustainability metrics. (prweb.com)
- Signed: Edward S. Finley, Jr., Chairman North Carolina Utilities Commission May 30, 2014 Implementation of the "Clean Smokestacks Act" A Report to the Environmental Review Commission and the Joint Legislative Commission on Governmental Operations May 30, 2014 Executive Summary The Clean Smokestacks Act (or "Act") was enacted to improve air quality in North Carolina by imposing limits on the emissions of certain pollutants from investor-owned electric generating facilities. (ncdcr.gov)
- On June 1, 2005, Governor Schwarzenegger signed an executive order known as Executive Order S-3-05 which established greenhouse gas emissions targets for the state. (wikipedia.org)
- By measuring and reporting these emissions, manufacturers can begin to set targets and put in place carbon management initiatives to reduce emissions in the future. (edie.net)
- Mr. Howard opposes mandatory targets on carbon emissions if they block economic growth. (voanews.com)
- Mandatory carbon (CO2) emissions reporting is more important than ever as the United States works with facilities to reduce substances known to adversely affect air quality, the climate, and lead to global warming. (environmental-expert.com)
- The manufacturing of these mountains of material is part of what makes the U.S. a world economic leader, but it also comes with the hefty burden of climate-changing greenhouse gases. (popularmechanics.com)
- The Climate Registry Information System (CRIS) software platform, which facilities previously used for GHG emissions reporting, is no longer available. (mass.gov)
- This report serves as a marker of our region's progress in planning for climate change, and illustrates much collaborative success that is cause for celebration. (issuu.com)
- This report was prepared by The San Diego Foundation for the Climate Collaborative, to highlight the efforts of local governments and public agencies that are working together to address and prepare for climate change. (issuu.com)
- Climate Change Expert Group work on Measurement, Reporting and Verification assesses current experience relevant to possible post-2012 MRV provisions, and explores design options for such provisions for both mitigation actions and support. (oecd.org)
- There are many reasons why the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) reporting framework requests information from countries. (oecd.org)
- These include understanding and tracking progress with individual or collective commitments or pledges, providing confidence and enhancing accountability in quantified information measured and reported, and providing background information on the scope and ambition of national climate responses. (oecd.org)
- In 2010, the international community took steps to improve the system of reporting and verification under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (oecd.org)
- Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (ca.gov)
- ANCHORAGE - A new global warming "sub-cabinet" will help Gov. Sarah Palin explore ways Alaska can reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions and develop policies to help the state adapt to climate changes. (juneauempire.com)
- The solution to addressing climate change, in earnest, is not complicated: The amount of carbon dioxide entering the atmosphere and water must decrease significantly and rapidly," the report states. (agri-pulse.com)
- Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions The greenhouse effect is a natural process by which some of the radiant heat from the Sun is captured in the lower atmosphere of the Earth, thus maintaining the temperature and making Earth habitable. (docplayer.net)
- Reuters has reported that Trump is already looking at quick ways of withdrawing from the Paris climate agreement, despite increasing international backing for the plan. (fm-world.co.uk)
- Jeff Young reports from Washington on this change in the business climate. (loe.org)
- Such reports are produced by every one of the FTSE100 top companies in Britain, and are thus acknowledged as a key mechanism to translate good environmental intent in to necessary climate action. (sera.org.uk)
- Which is where Labour's groundbreaking Climate Change Act comes back in to the picture again, with its requirement to bring in mandatory company reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and with a deadline for implementation set for earlier this year. (sera.org.uk)
- May 2012 saw the CBI's Head of Energy and Climate Change demand mandatory green reporting for companies from the Minister, saying: "The CBI has long supported the introduction of mandatory carbon reporting under the Climate Change Act - a sensible, flexible solution that will create a level playing field without forcing the comparison of apples with oranges. (sera.org.uk)
- Pruitt denies the central role of greenhouse gas emissions play in climate change. (houstonchronicle.com)
- The Chinese government has vowed to control its greenhouse gas emissions but rejected mandatory limits on emissions in a newly released policy on climate change. (voanews.com)
- In the context of Climate Change, footprint is a metaphor for the total impact something has on Climate Change and carbon is shorthand for all the different greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. (complianceandrisks.com)
- The U.S. National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC) has released a draft of its report for public comment. (judithcurry.com)
- The section on "An Agenda for Climate Impacts Science" at the end of this report highlights some of the areas suggested for additional research. (judithcurry.com)
- As Phil Mercer reports from Sydney, Australian Prime Minister John Howard hopes this year's gathering of 21 governments will make substantial progress on tackling climate change. (voanews.com)
- As the authors explain, S.2191s reporting requirements will be constructed by the Environmental Protection Agency, based on draft rules from the Climate Registry, which become difficult to decipher in situations in which multiple entities have stakes in a single facility. (lexisnexis.com)
- When applied to facilities with multiple owners, a mandatory federal program using the Climate Registry's alternative reporting options, but not the requirement that each query of a facility use the same method, creates opportunities for mischief, as well as innocent error," the authors write. (lexisnexis.com)
- About This Report INTRODUCTION We are pleased to share our annual Corporate Social Responsibility Report (CSR Report) to detail our corporate social responsibility, safety and environmental performance in 2016. (issuu.com)
- CITGO ® management developed the 2016 CSR Report and takes responsibility for the collection and accuracy of the information presented. (issuu.com)
- For example, in 2012 the UK government calculated that better energy efficiency could replace 22 power stations, while the International Energy Agency (IEA) in its latest report, Energy Efficiency Market Report 2016, found that last year consumers, businesses and governments spent US $221 billion on energy efficiency improvements. (fm-world.co.uk)
- The agencies plan to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve fuel economy for new cars and trucks sold in the U.S. The combined EPA and NHTSA standards that make up this proposed National Program would apply to passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles, covering model years 2012 through 2016. (ehs-support.com)
- In an effort to improve the energy efficiency of the UK built environment, the government is making bim mandatory on all public projects from 2016. (bdonline.co.uk)
- Consequently, the government has made bim deliverables mandatory on all public projects from 2016. (bdonline.co.uk)
- The Bali Action Plan introduced language on "measurable, reportable and verifiable" greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation actions and commitments, as well as support for GHG mitigation actions in developing countries. (oecd.org)
- 1. Carbon Action can advise clients on how to robustly report their GHG performance and we can further help with carbon risk mitigation by reviewing the lease arrangements of assets to proactively reduce clients' carbon exposure by re-classifying GHG emissions from Scope 1 to Scope 3 - this will apply to buildings, vehicles, and all tangible asset classes. (carbonaction.co.uk)
- The group said EPA should step back and let the Agriculture Department take the lead in attempting to reduce greenhouse gases coming from farms and ranches. (pigprogress.net)
- The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, or Assembly Bill (AB) 32, is a California State Law that fights global warming by establishing a comprehensive program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from all sources throughout the state. (wikipedia.org)
- The scoping plan, approved by the ARB Board December 12, 2008, provides the outline for actions to reduce greenhouse gases in California. (wikipedia.org)
- When you are taking steps to reduce your greenhouse gas emissions, we will help you make sure they are the most effective steps for your organisation. (sgs.com)
- Food and Water Watch also claims that the tax jeopardizes "meaningful action" to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. (agri-pulse.com)
- At the same time, many longstanding air quality strategies such as programs to promote alternatives to the automobile, improve energy efficiency and encourage cleaner technologies also reduce greenhouse gases. (docplayer.net)
- While natural gas vehicles would reduce petroleum use, they would have limited impact on GHG emissions. (greencarcongress.com)
- In the second stage of the Clean Fuels Program, regulated parties would have to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions associated with the fuels they provide by 10 percent when compared with 2010 levels. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Ontario has begun to lay the technical groundwork for joining a North American cap-and-trade network designed to control and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. (mondaq.com)
- Reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions 25 percent below 1990 levels by 2035. (wa.gov)
- The act directs state agencies to track, report, and reduce their greenhouse gases. (wa.gov)
- Agencies are working to reduce their emissions from electricity use, fuel consumption, business travel, and employee commuting and report their emissions annually through the Washington state agency greenhouse gas reporting program . (wa.gov)
- Oil refineries were required to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions 10 percent by 2015. (wa.gov)
- China is expected to overtake the United States as the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide gas as early as this year and has been under increasing international pressure to reduce emissions. (voanews.com)
- When air moves across the surface of an open manure storage facility or treatment lagoon, it picks up gases, resulting in another source of emissions. (thepigsite.com)
- The US Environmental Protection Agency's proposal to require livestock agriculture to report manure-related greenhouse gas emissions is not well thought out and could increase environmental problems, according to the National Pork Producers Council. (pigprogress.net)
- But the group said requiring livestock producers to report manure-related emissions will add costs to pork operations while basically duplicating information EPA already compiles. (pigprogress.net)
- But it doesn't exempt manure decomposition-also a natural process-even though it accounts for only a small portion of total livestock-related greenhouse gas emissions. (pigprogress.net)
- Pig manure is a source of greenhouse gases and can pose a risk for the environment. (pigprogress.net)
- Concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have already reached levels unprecedented for hundreds of thousands of years, causing changes not only in global temperature but also resulting in observable impacts throughout the world, and these changes are happening more quickly than expected. (pewtrusts.org)
- All of these gases have been identified as forcing the earth s atmosphere and oceans to warm above naturally occurring temperatures. (docplayer.net)
- Before the Industrial Revolution, human activity released very few gases into the atmosphere, but now through fossil fuel burning, deforestation and growing population (e.g. waste disposal), we are affecting the natural mixture of gases in the Earth s atmosphere. (docplayer.net)
- 6 Some greenhouse gases occur naturally in the atmosphere, while others result from human activities. (docplayer.net)
- With over 17,000 times the greenhouse gas potency of CO2, and with its much longer lingering effects -- since it stays in the atmosphere for 700 years vs. CO2's 200, one would think the EPA and the greenies would be all over this poisonous, totally man-made gas. (usmessageboard.com)
- We've increased production and concentration in the atmosphere of this harmful, poisonous-to-all-living-things gas by 1000-fold, and you hear nary a word about it while CO2, the LIFE GIVER of the planet is ruled harmful. (usmessageboard.com)
- Unfortunately, some substances like refrigerant gases not only have high global warming potential but they also destroy the ozone layer when emitted into the atmosphere. (adda-enterprises.com)
- Refrigerant gases are known to affect the atmosphere and contribute to global warming. (adda-enterprises.com)
- The current and projected concentrations of the six key well-mixed greenhouse gases in the atmosphere threaten the public health and welfare of current and future generations. (ehs-support.com)
- The most widely used anesthetic gases are halogenated ethers such as enflurane, halothane, isoflurane, and desflurane coupled with nitrous oxide. (sial.com)
- Our radiello ® Anesthetic Gas and Vapor Sampling (Sterile) Kit - RAD125 was developed to sample nitrous oxide, isoflurane, ethrane, halothane, and sevorane in surgical theaters? (sial.com)
- As news of the forthcoming mandatory Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions reporting for all listed companies hits the business press, we thought we would compile a handy checklist for those that need to comply. (environmental-expert.com)
- For example, in June 2012, the UK coalition government announced the introduction of mandatory carbon reporting, requiring around 1,100 of the UK's largest listed companies to report their greenhouse gas emissions every year. (wikipedia.org)
- South Korea's green posting system requires listed companies to include greenhouse gas data and green technology certification in their annual reports. (unpri.org)
- The mandatory report for listed companies requires an integrated assessment to determine true sustainable value creation. (businesslive.co.za)
- It is mandatory for all listed companies to produce integrated reports in line with the International Integrated Reporting Council. (businesslive.co.za)
- This reporting of GHG emissions aims to provide transparent GHG reporting such that listed companies are seen to be managing their carbon liabilities. (carbonaction.co.uk)
- Data reporting requirements. (federalregister.gov)
- The drivers for corporate GHG accounting include mandatory GHG reporting in directors' reports, investment due diligence, shareholder and stakeholder communication, staff engagement, green messaging, and tender requirements for business and government contracts. (wikipedia.org)
- EPA amended the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Program, 40 CFR part 98, to cover GHG monitoring and reporting requirements for owners and operators of facilities conducting GS activities (subpart RR) and of any other facility conducting CO2 injection (subpart UU). (lexology.com)
- The EPA approval process for the purposes of GHG reporting and verification is separate from the UIC permitting process, and the GHG reporting requirements were developed to minimize overlap with the UIC requirements. (lexology.com)
- If you are based in the EU you may also be obliged to report under Non Financial Reporting requirements. (carbonfootprint.com)
- Noting the interest of the SEC and their clarification around companies' environmental risk reporting requirements, investors are now becoming more vocal and are increasingly asking companies to report more information about their environmental risks and responsibilities. (greenmonk.net)
- Our analysis shows that companies in countries with mandatory, government-led comprehensive ESG reporting requirements have, on average, a 33% better MSCI ESG Rating score (figure 1) than those without. (unpri.org)
- A third party inventory and evaluation for the 2011 calendar year provided Jasper Group's aggregate maximum emissions fall well below the reporting requirements. (communityfurniture.com)
- In determining whether reporting is required, the requirements of subsection (1) must be applied independently of the requirements of subsection (2). (wa.gov)
- Greenhouse Gas Permitting Requirements Focus on Largest Emitters. (ebscohost.com)
- The tool is fully compatible with the Renewable Energy Directive methodology for calculating GHG emissions, taking account of the recommendations set out by the European Commission in their report on sustainability requirements for solid and gaseous biomass. (edie.net)
- However smaller emitters and fuel suppliers have been put on notice that they may also be subject to annual reporting requirements once a continental cap-and-trade system is up and running. (mondaq.com)
- Ontario continues to work with the federal government and other provinces to harmonize reporting requirements, quantification methods and verification processes. (mondaq.com)
- Proposes amended recordkeeping and reporting requirements, and enhanced verification procedures for certain reporters in 24 GHGRP subparts. (epa.gov)
- Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. (sec.gov)
- This is best done and achieves global acceptance by using the internationally recognised Greenhouse Gas Protocol and its allied international Standard ISO 14064 and conformance to the Mandatory requirements - which owe much of their construction to GHGP/ISO. (carbonaction.co.uk)
- The Greenhouse Gas Management Instituteand the Environmental Careers Organization of Canada (ECO Canada) have announced a global personnel certification program for "carbon management" professionals. (environmental-expert.com)
- 3. Create a mandatory GHG reporting system as a basis for an economy-wide emissions trading program. (pewtrusts.org)
- 4. Implement a large-source, economy-wide cap-and-trade program for greenhouse gases. (pewtrusts.org)
- The data collected under the GHG Reporting Program will inform EPA policy decisions under the Clean Air Act related to the use of CO2 capture and sequestration (CCS) for mitigating GHG emissions. (lexology.com)
- The current greenhouse gas inventory that EPA compiles every year, along with the information from a cap and trade offsets program, is more than enough to support the rule's objectives," NPPC said. (pigprogress.net)
- The Agriculture Department is better equipped than EPA to administer a greenhouse gas program for livestock producers. (pigprogress.net)
- Therefore, the actual conduct of our activities-including the development, implementation or continuation of any program, policy or initiative discussed as part of the CSR Report-may differ materially from any forecast or projection in this document. (issuu.com)
- California is taking a closely watched step to cut greenhouse gas emissions through a new cap-and-trade program. (kqed.org)
- The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has also established a mandatory program for greenhouse gas emissions reporting , which is tailored to different industrial sectors. (theconglomerate.org)
- According to information published by the department, phase one of the program requires entities that produce fuel in Oregon, or import it into the state, to register and report to the DEQ the volumes of fuel they provide within the state. (ethanolproducer.com)
- But there's ample evidence in a 2007 speech in New Hampshire - where he referred to "true cap and trade" - that he was endorsing a mandatory program, and has only recently flip-flopped. (factcheck.org)
- Proposal to amend the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP), including technical amendments, amendments related to global warming potentials (GWPs), and confidentiality determinations for new or revised data elements. (epa.gov)
- Would initiate the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program by requiring the reporting of GHG data and information from large sources and suppliers in the United States. (epa.gov)
- Owners or operators of GS facilities are required to develop and implement a site-specific Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) plan that would be used to verify the amount of CO2 sequestered and quantify any emissions leaks. (lexology.com)
- Carbon Footprint Ltd has particular specialism in the Airport, Airline & Aerospace industry providing a full range of Carbon Measurement & Reporting services including Carbon Footprint Appraisals, Carbon Footprint Verification, Software, Carbon Offset projects, Energy Management as well as Health & Safety consultancy to meet your sustainability obligations - whether you are just starting your journey or you already have a programme in place. (carbonfootprint.com)
- Verification reports will be due by September 1, starting in 2012. (mondaq.com)
- WSP Environment & Energy's Dan Sobrinski and Eric Christensen are among the first twelve people to become certified Greenhouse Gas Inventory Quantifiers (GHG-IQ), as recognized by the independent body CSA Standards. (environmental-expert.com)
- Because of that, "manufacturing is one very challenging area to use the greenhouse gas inventory for analyses," Hanle says. (popularmechanics.com)
- Greenhouse gas accounting describes the way to inventory and audit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. (wikipedia.org)
- 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Introduction Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Inventory. (docplayer.net)
- Buildings are responsible for 67% of the city's carbon emissions according to the Inventory of New York City Greenhouse Gas Emissions. (crainsnewyork.com)
- The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) also provides some general standards for greenhouse gas emissions at organisation level (ISO 14064 - 1) and greenhouse gas emissions at project level (ISO 14064 - 2). (wikipedia.org)
- Responsibility for GHG emissions may also be uncertain and both the WBCSD/WRI GHG Protocol for Corporate Accounting and the ISO 14064-1 GHG Standard allow for reporting to be allocated appropriately either using the Control Share approach or the Equity share consolidation methods. (carbonaction.co.uk)
- Leading businesses now produce a formal Sustainability or Environmental report - often to support/ complement their Annual Report & Accounts. (carbonfootprint.com)
- CE's expertise and experience working in today's dynamic carbon markets has expanded to include sustainability reporting, life-cycle analysis, carbon footprint of products, as well as forestry and land use change. (ecosystemmarketplace.com)
- Predict360 Environment and Sustainability will offer customers the ability to capture, calculate, analyze and report quantitative environmental data required for environmental and sustainability reports. (prweb.com)
- The new offering delivers powerful functionality for environmental and sustainability data management and reporting. (prweb.com)
- Dallas, TX) was founded in 2014 with the vision of automating the capture, calculation, analysis, and reporting of environmental and sustainability data. (prweb.com)
- It is why more than 6,000 companies worldwide are currently producing annual sustainability reports according to an evolving methodology known as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), which emerged from a marriage between companies themselves, environmental NGOs and the United Nations Environment Programme. (sera.org.uk)
- Labour has to seize the pro-business case for mandatory sustainability reporting. (sera.org.uk)
- 1 UPS Corporate Sustainability Report: Supplemental Data Table of Contents Water 2 Effluents and Waste 3 Compliance 5 Key Performance 7 Indicators About this document In, UPS reported its annual Corporate Sustainability Report to the GRI G4 framework at the In accordance Comprehensive level for the second consecutive year. (docplayer.net)
- The results of this assessment guided our Corporate Sustainability Report structure to ensure the content is focused on the most material sustainability issues for UPS. (docplayer.net)
- As a result, some topics that we disclosed in previous years are no longer included in our Corporate Sustainability Report. (docplayer.net)
- A corporate or organisational greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions assessment quantifies the total greenhouse gases produced directly and indirectly from a business or organisation's activities. (wikipedia.org)
- Parties to the UNFCCC decided at the sixteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 16) to enhance reporting for all countries and to conduct "international assessment and review" (IAR) of certain information from developed countries and international consultations and analysis" (ICA) of biennial update reports from developing countries. (oecd.org)
- The importance of having a detailed Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for different technological pathways and crop choices to determine GHG (green house gas) balance. (bio-medicine.org)
- A new report, Agriculture's Role in Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Capture, commissioned by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, examines the evidence for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and sequestration in America's major agroecosystems. (environmental-expert.com)
- The World Resources Institute (WRI) and the Greenhouse Gas Management Institute are joining forces to train professionals on the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, the most widely used international accounting tool for government and business leaders to understand, quantify, and manage greenhouse gas emissions. (environmental-expert.com)
- The political capital and institutional engagement wasted in pursuing carbon taxes are a distraction from what is really needed: mandatory pollution reductions," the report states. (agri-pulse.com)
- Living on Earth's Jennifer Chu reports on a study that suggests air pollution may find cover in clouds. (loe.org)
- The combined emissions of these well-mixed greenhouse gases from new motor vehicles and new motor vehicle engines contribute to the greenhouse gas pollution which threatens public health and welfare. (ehs-support.com)
- Oil is the core of the Koch business empire, and the company's lobbyists and officials have successfully fought to preserve the industry's tax breaks and credits, and to defeat attempts by Congress to regulate greenhouse gases. (thecuttingedgenews.com)
- As Phillip Babich reports in this special investigative story, some members of Congress are looking into whether Spadaro is being targeted for his whistleblowing activities, and whether the government interfered in the coal slurry investigation. (loe.org)