The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Discussion of documents issued by local, regional, or national governments or by their agencies or subdivisions.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
All organized methods of funding.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Organized groups of users of goods and services.
Financial support of research activities.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Institutional funding for facilities and for equipment which becomes a part of the assets of the institution.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from accessed 1/31/2003)
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
Medical services for which no payment is received. Uncompensated care includes charity care and bad debts.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The process of negotiation between representatives of an employee organization, association or union, and representatives of the employer.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Organized groups serving in advisory capacities related to health planning activities.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A system of government in which means of production and distribution of goods are controlled by the state.
Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
Assistance, such as money, food, or shelter, given to the needy, aged, or victims of disaster. It is usually granted on a temporary basis. (From The American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
A component of the Department of Health and Human Services to oversee and direct the Medicare and Medicaid programs and related Federal medical care quality control staffs. Name was changed effective June 14, 2001.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Management of the organization of HEALTH FACILITIES.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Association with or participation in an act that is, or is perceived to be, criminal or immoral. One is complicitous when one promotes or unduly benefits from practices or institutions that are morally or legally suspect.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
The status of health in rural populations.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.
Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
Programs in which participation is required.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Preventive emergency measures and programs designed to protect the individual or community in times of hostile attack.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.

Medical practice: defendants and prisoners. (1/251)

It is argued in this paper that a doctor cannot serve two masters. The work of the prison medical officer is examined and it is shown that his dual allegiance to the state and to those individuals who are under his care results in activities which largely favour the former. The World Health Organisation prescribes a system of health ethics which indicates, in qualitative terms, the responsibility of each state for health provisions. In contrast, the World Medical Association acts as both promulgator and guardian of a code of medical ethics which determines the responsibilities of the doctor to his patient. In the historical sense medical practitioners have always emphasized the sanctity of the relationship with their patients and the doctor's role as an expert witness is shown to have centered around this bond. The development of medical services in prisons has focused more on the partnership between doctor and institution. Imprisonment in itself could be seen as prejudicial to health as are disciplinary methods which are more obviously detrimental. The involvement of medical practitioners in such procedures is discussed in the light of their role as the prisoner's personal physician.  (+info)

Special medical examination program reform proposal in Korea. (2/251)

We are at a time when reform in the special medical examination program in keeping with the changing times is desperately needed because the common perception of workers, employers, and medical examination facilities is "special medical examination is merely ritualistic and unproductive." Therefore, we have tried to set forth the basic structure for reforming the special medical examination program by taking a close look at the management status of the current program and analyzing its problems. The specifics of the special medical examination program reform proposal consist of three parts such as the types, health evaluation based on occupational medicine, and the interval, subject selection, items and procedure. Pre-placement medical examination and non-periodic medical examinations-as-necessary are introduced newly. Health evaluation based on occupational medicine consists of classification of health status, evaluation of work suitability, and post-examination measure. Details regarding the medical examination interval, subject selection, items and procedure were changed.  (+info)

The present state and future prospects of occupational health in Bangladesh. (3/251)

Bangladesh is a relatively young and developing country. At the present time, like in most developing countries, a clear demarcation between occupational health care and general medical care is difficult to be recognized in Bangladesh. Occupational health is a fairly new field, as the country is undergoing industrialization and occupational health activities are operated by several ministries, such as Labour, Health, Industry and Transport. Legal foundations of the occupational health-care system based on British India and Pakistani era, were adopted and amended by the Government of Bangladesh after the liberation of the country in 1971. Most of the Labour laws have been rectified by the Government of Bangladesh according to the ILO Conventions. Reconsideration of the occupational health service system avoiding duplication for the 'occupational health' component in several ministries might be helpful to achieve the successful provision of an occupational health service in the developing Bangladesh.  (+info)

Health status during the transition in Central and Eastern Europe: development in reverse? (4/251)

This paper reports on a study of the cross-national trends in health status during the economic transition and associated health sector reforms in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The central premise is that before long-run gains in health status are realized, the transition towards a market economy and adoption of democratic forms of government should lead to short-run deterioration as a result of: (i) reduction in real income and widening income disparities; (ii) stress and stress-related behaviour; (iii) lax regulation of environmental and occupational risks; and (iv) breakdown in basic health services. Analysis focused on three broad indicators of health status: life expectancy at birth, infant mortality rate and the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 65 years, shown by the notation '50q15'. The study revealed significant new information about health status and the health sector which could not have been obtained without a proper cross-national study. Infant mortality rates in former socialist economies (FSE) follow the global trend, declining as per capita income rises. However, rates are lower than would be predicted given their income levels. Despite declining infant mortality, life expectancy at birth in the former socialist economies decreases as per capita income rises, in marked contrast to global trends. This is because rising income level is associated with greater probability of death between the ages of 15 and 65: the wealthier the society, the less healthy is its population, particularly for its males. Causes of death in the FSE follow global trends: higher death rates due to infectious and parasitic diseases in poorer countries, and higher death rates due to chronic diseases in wealthier countries. However, age-standardized death rates for chronic diseases generally associated with unhealthy lifestyles and environmental risk factors are very high when compared with wealthier established market economies (EME). Policies and procedures which alter the effectiveness of health services have had a demonstrable but mixed impact on health status during the early phase of transition. Effective preventive health strategies must be formulated and implemented to reverse the adverse trends observed in Central and Eastern Europe.  (+info)

Consumer hazards of plastics. (5/251)

The modern consumer is exposed to a wide variety of plastic and rubber products in his day to day life: at home, work, school, shopping, recreation and play, and transport. A large variety of toxic sequellae have resulted from untoward exposures by many different routes: oral, dermal, inhalation, and parenteral. Toxic change may result from the plastic itself, migration of unbound components and additives, chemical decomposition or toxic pyrolysis products. The type of damage may involve acute poisoning, chronic organ damage, reproductive disorders, and carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic episodes. Typical examples for all routes are cited along with the activites of Canadian regulatory agencies to reduce both the incidence and severity of plastic-induced disease.  (+info)

Racial bias in federal nutrition policy, Part II: Weak guidelines take a disproportionate toll. (6/251)

Many diet-related chronic diseases take a disproportionate toll among members of racial minorities. Research shows the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and heart disease is higher among various ethnic groups compared with whites. The Guidelines and the Food Guide Pyramid, however, promote the use of multiple servings of meats and dairy products each day and do not encourage replacing these foods with vegetables, legumes, fruits, and grains. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans encourage a 30% caloric reduction in fat intake and make no provision for further reductions for those who wish to minimize health risks. Abundant evidence has shown that regular exercise combined with diets lower in fat and richer in plant products than is encouraged by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans are associated with reduced risk of these chronic conditions. While ineffective Dietary Guidelines potentially put all Americans at unnecessary risk, this is particularly true for those groups hardest hit by chronic disease.  (+info)

Abandonment of terminally ill patients in the Byzantine era. An ancient tradition? (7/251)

Our research on the texts of the Byzantine historians and chroniclers revealed an apparently curious phenomenon, namely, the abandonment of terminally ill emperors by their physicians when the latter realised that they could not offer any further treatment. This attitude tallies with the mentality of the ancient Greek physicians, who even in Hippocratic times thought the treatment and care of the terminally ill to be a challenge to nature and hubris to the gods. Nevertheless, it is a very curious attitude in the light of the concepts of the Christian Byzantine physicians who, according to the doctrines of the Christian religion, should have been imbued with the spirit of philanthropy and love for their fellowmen. The meticulous analysis of three examples of abandonment of Byzantine emperors, and especially that of Alexius I Comnenus, by their physicians reveals that this custom, following ancient pagan ethics, in those times took on a ritualised form without any significant or real content.  (+info)

Health sector development: from aid coordination to resource management. (8/251)

Aid coordination has assumed a prominent place on health policy agendas. This paper synthesizes the findings of research undertaken to explore the changing practices of aid coordination across a number of countries. It begins by reviewing the key issues giving rise to increased attention to aid coordination in the health sector. The second section describes, assesses and compares the strengths and weaknesses of the dominant mechanisms or instruments which were found to be employed to coordinate health sector aid in the case studies. From this analysis, four factors become clear. First, in many countries, coordination mechanisms have been introduced as a part of an incremental process of trying out different approaches--there is no one model that stands out at any one time. Secondly, some instruments function largely for consultation, predominantly coordinating inputs, while others are more directive and operational, and are used to manage inputs, processes and outputs. Third, many of the mechanisms have not excelled, although, fourth, it is difficult to judge the effectiveness or impact of aid coordination. It is therefore argued that concern with the effectiveness of aid coordination arrangements must give way to a broader analysis of the processes, outputs and outcomes governing the use of both external and domestic resources, focusing on institutional characteristics, the distribution and nature of influence among the actors, and the interests which they pursue through the aid regime. These factors varied considerably across the countries indicating that aid management is context dependent and subject to continuing changes. Finally, the paper looks at the findings in the light of the introduction of sector-wide approaches.  (+info)

The Himachal Pradesh Government today issued the notification to grant Dearness Allowance (DA) to the State Government employees with effect from Jan 1, 2017. In office memorandum issued today, the State Government enhanced the DA to State Government employees at the rate of four percent from the existing rate of 130 per cent to 134 pc to be paid with effect from Jan 1, 2017.. Moreover at the rate of two percent from existing rate of two per cent to four percent in respect of officers of all India Services who drawing pay in the revised pay scale. The DA would be paid in cash salary of September 2017 and the areas occurred form Jan 1, 2017 to Aug 31, 2017 would be credited to the GPF accounts of the employees with the salary of Sept 2017 and interest of this account would be accrued on Oct 1 2017. In case of Government employees who have retired between this terms arrears on the account of additional instalment would be paid in cash.. ...
Land use planning and municipal authorizations: The streamlining measures in respect of land use planning are narrower in scope and more precise than in Bill 61. The Government can only bypass the Act respecting land use planning and development if an infrastructure project is a Government Intervention within the meaning of that Act, whereas Bill 61 also contained measures for projects that did not qualify as such. A Government Intervention occurs when the Government or its representatives perform certain prescribed acts, such as building infrastructure, carrying out work on the soil, or modifying the boundaries of a wildlife preserve - as a result, many of the projects listed in Schedule 1 may indeed qualify as Government Interventions. Further, rather than simply being able to bypass land use planning rules and municipal authorization requirements, the Bill instead sets out a simplified procedure for infrastructure projects that require a municipal authorization ...
Having previously pooh-poohed the dangers of the coronavirus, Richard Epstein is now calling for an immediate end to social distancing and business shutdowns. Its unfortunate that he has chosen to dig himself deeper into a hole rather than admitting his earlier mistake and moving on.. As I discussed in a previous post, Epstein initially predicted that the coronavirus would cause about 500 deaths in the U.S., which he then revised to 5000. The U.S. is now at 50,000, which is what Epstein initially predicted as global mortality.. Epstein says that his estimates are more accurate than initial estimates of millions of U.S. deaths. He may have been referring to the two million deaths estimated by Imperial College, London, a widely publicized forecast. But that high estimate explicitly assumed no government intervention. Epsteins estimate of the number of deaths without government intervention was one-tenth the actual number of deaths, which took place despite vigorous government intervention. That ...
The Whitehall study of British civil servants begun in 1967, showed a steep inverse association between social class, as assessed by grade of employment, and mortality from a wide range of diseases. Between 1985 and 1988 we investigated the degree and causes of the social gradient in morbidity in a …
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Posts about can I medically retire as a civilian federal government employee if I have ptsd from the military? yes but you have to prove your case written by OPM Disability Retirement Lawyer and Federal Disability Retirement Attorney
This is an analysis in the correct direction so that countries and the WHO acquire a know-how and tools that were missing. The past semester has been an observational experiment the world over, and lets hope that a good response to high rate epidemics is mapped out.. The countries proceeded by trial and error, some governments putting emphasis on lives and some on the economy, until their failing health systems forced them to regulate deaths.. In hind site it is easy to see that lock-downs should be selective, but the horror induced by the Lombardy horror videos, of patients effectively euthanized, dying in the corridors and army trucks carrying coffins, made some governments take early measures, as happened in Greece . The fear of the economy made other governments go with the herd immunity slogan, until their health system was overwhelmed ( see UK,…) and they came late to lock-downs, as an afterthought.. 1) The slogan vulnerable people will die anyway, go for herd immunity, was seen to be ...
The role of national governments in ecological or environmental conservation remains contentious the world over. While scientists and campaigners alike often demand that governments regulate and encourage restoration projects; ...
All the problems with the American health care system come from government intervention, so naturally the Democrats idea for fixing it is more government intervention. This is like trying to sober up by having another drink.. The reason seeing a doctor is already more like going to the DMV, and less like going to the Apple Genius Bar, is that the government decided health care was too important to be left to the free market. Yes-the same free market that has produced such a cornucopia of inexpensive goods and services that, today, even poor people have cell phones and flat-screen TVs.. As a result, its easier to get your computer fixed than your health. Thanks, government!. We already have near-universal health coverage in the form of Medicare, Medicaid, veterans hospitals, emergency rooms and tax-deductible employer-provided health care-all government creations.. So now, everyone expects doctors to be free. People who pay $200 for a haircut are indignant if it costs more than a $20 co-pay ...
Many politicians and pundits are panicked over the existing state of the oil and gasoline markets. Disregarding past experience, these parties advocate massive intervention in those markets, which would only serve to repeat and extend previous errors. These interventionists propose solutions to nonexistent problems. This Policy Analysis reviews the academic literature relevant to these matters and argues that the prevailing policy proposals are premised on a misunderstanding of energy economics and market realities. The interventionists do not distinguish between problems that government can remedy and those that it cannot. They ignore lessons that should have been learned from past experience. They embrace at best second- and third-best remedies rather than first-best remedies for the alleged problems. Moreover, they ignore the extreme difficulty associated with ensuring efficient policy response even when it seems to be theoretically warranted. Fear of oil imports is premised on pernicious
Over the past few weeks, Israels new government has put forward a series of proposals that would further encroach on the delicate balance between personal liberty and public overreach. Embracing ideas that would signal unprecedented intervention in our
I had a geology professor ages ago who had a rather scary medical issue. One morning she woke up and could not remember her own name, where she was, who was the guy in bed with her (who she had been married to for 10 years) and there was no alcohol involved. her memory had been declining for years, but at that point her husband decided it was worth taking her to a doctor. It took months of tests but they eventually concluded that her memory loss was caused by overexposure to MSG. The doctors told her that most food companies put tons of the stuff in our foods, but you cant tell if its in there by looking at the label. They convinced the FDA to let them disguise their secret ingredients with terms like natural flavors so they would not be revealing their trade secrets. However, the reason they put so much MSG in food is not so much as flavor but because it is mildly addictive. You cant just stop at one, you feel compelled to keep eating. She pretty much has to subsist almost entirely out of ...
This article won the 2011 Beth A. Hoffman Memorial Prize for Economic Writing.. Although critics on the left are very astute in describing the evils of present-day society, they usually fail to understand either the root of those problems (government intervention) or their solution (the operation of a freed market). In Progressive commentary on energy, pollution, and so on-otherwise often quite insightful-calls for government intervention are quite common. George Monbiot, for instance, has written that [t]he only rational response to both the impending end of the Oil Age and the menace of global warming is to redesign our cities, our farming and our lives. But this cannot happen without massive political pressure.. But this is precisely backward. Existing problems of excess energy consumption, pollution, big-box stores, the car culture, and suburban sprawl result from the massive political pressure that has already been applied, over the past several decades, to redesign our cities, our ...
Last week a Brown County (MN) District Judge ruled that 13 yr. old Daniel Hauser has been medically neglected by his parents. Now, this medical neglect is not that the parents will not give the child any treatment -- they are trying natural remedies -- but that they are not willing to submit to the specific medical treatment deemed necessary by doctors, and evidently this judge ...
Yet, we still have plenty left over for those we deem the usual suspects, namely government employees, the beneficiaries of government programs, and the military (and this is by no means an exhaustive list). Certainly, there are a plethora of reasons that libertarians might cite to take issue with people in any of these groups. After all, they are actively participating in those activities that are destroying civilized society and robbing us of rights that we are entitled to enjoy. Even those who do not actively participate but who support these institutions with their votes are subject to our unrelenting scorn, typically punctuated by the damning rejoinder statist.. Now, these criticisms are almost always well-deserved. In supporting government intervention into our lives here at home and in the affairs of other nations, our opponents are claiming the right to initiate the use of force. Even on domestic issues, these interventions amount to acts of war against us as individuals, for an act ...
Parliament has appointed a 20-member committee to act as the emergency committee of selection, for the 7th parliament of the 4th Republic.. The mandate of this committee is to compose the various standing and select committees of Parliament so that the work of committees in the House can begin in earnest.. The Majority Leader, Osei Kyei Mensah-Bonsu on the floor of Parliament, explained that the committee of selection cannot procreate itself, so it was important for leadership to constitute that committee in consultation with the Speaker.. The 20-member committee of selection will be chaired by the Speaker of Parliament, Aaron Michael Oquaye.. ...
DOPT : Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities No.36035/02/2017-Estt (Res) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES & PENSIONS DEPARTMENT OF PERSONNEL & TRAINING North Block, New Delhi Dated the 15th January, 2018 OFFICE MEMORANDUM Subject: Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities - reg. With enactment of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 2016′ from 19th April, 2017 and notification of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES RULES, 2017′ on 15th June, 2017, the following instructions are issued in line with the provisions made therein regarding reservation for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities, as defined under Section 2(r) of the Act against the posts and services of the Central Government. 2. QUANTUM OF RESERVATION 2.1 In case of direct recruitment, four per cent of the total number of vacancies to be filled up by direct recruitment, in the cadre strength in each group of posts i.e. Groups A, B and C shall be reserved for ...
DOPT : Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities No.36035/02/2017-Estt (Res) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES & PENSIONS DEPARTMENT OF PERSONNEL & TRAINING North Block, New Delhi Dated the 15th January, 2018 OFFICE MEMORANDUM Subject: Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities - reg. With enactment of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 2016′ from 19th April, 2017 and notification of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES RULES, 2017′ on 15th June, 2017, the following instructions are issued in line with the provisions made therein regarding reservation for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities, as defined under Section 2(r) of the Act against the posts and services of the Central Government. 2. QUANTUM OF RESERVATION 2.1 In case of direct recruitment, four per cent of the total number of vacancies to be filled up by direct recruitment, in the cadre strength in each group of posts i.e. Groups A, B and C shall be reserved for ...
The national pay scene is very chaotic and full of anomalies, many of them legacies of history. Government employees now enjoy several unintended benefits which originated during British rule plus numerous concessions unique to India that have been wrested by them through agitation. An objective survey that will be equally fair to the government employees and the public that
The Conference committee on amendment of Bonus Act - Removal of Conditions on Payment Ceiling, Eligibility Limits. Decisions to pay Minimum Bonus without linking to loss when the performance indicator satisfy grant of bonus constituted to discuss the Agenda item No. 3 of 46th session of the Indian Labour Conference met under the chairmanship of Captain Abhimanyu, Minister of Labour, Govt. of Haryana. Shri Om Prakash Mittal, General Secretary, Laghu Udyog Bharti (LUB) and Ms. Meenakshi Gupta and Mr. B.B. Mallick, Joint Secretary, MoLE respectively were the Vice-Cheirman and Member Secretary of the Committee. The Committee had the representation of all the stake-holders (Workers Group, Employers Group and State Government ...
Weight: A weight variable is not included in the dataset. However, the SPSS commands created and disseminated by the data producer and incorporated as a separate section in the current ICPSR codebook include SPSS syntax for weighting the main sample only. Mode of Data Collection: on-site questionnaire Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:. ...
Protecting rights and facilitating stable relationships among federal agencies, labor organizations, and employees while advancing an effective and efficient government through the administration of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute. ...
This paper assesses the quantitative impact of government interventions on deaths related to the COVID-19 outbreak. Using daily data for 32 countries and relyin
Off-Payroll Reforms Delayed to April 2021. The proposed changes to the IR35 rules (known as the off-payroll reforms), which were due to come into force in April this year, and which would likely have seen many self-employed contractors reclassified by the engaging client as employees for UK payroll taxation purposes, have been postponed to April 2021.. UK businesses have welcomed this move, as it will buy them extra time to plan ahead for the proposed changes. The delay also potentially creates an opportunity in the meantime for the UK Government to address widespread concerns about the potential negative economic consequences of these proposed changes. Whether the government will actually do so, however, and to what extent, remains to be seen.. Further details on the proposed IR35 changes can be found in our Insight article, UK Employment Law: 2019 Highlights and 2020 Forecast.. UK Government to Step in And Pay Employees Salaries. For UK businesses struggling to pay their employees, the UK ...
The department agreed to sell its remaining 234 million shares in AIG, which represented 15.9 percent of the company, for $32.50 each. The sale in effect closes the books on a rescue that at its height had the government on the hook for more than $182 billion and owning 92 percent of the company. The offering is expected to be completed Friday.. Despite the bailouts profit, critics note the huge toll it took on public confidence in the financial system and the precedent it helped set for government intervention to protect companies deemed too big to fail.. The bailout was an enormous cost to this country, said Phil Angelides, who headed the governments Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission.. agrees to add sales tax for Massachusetts BOSTON - Massachusetts retailers are hailing a deal reached between online seller and state officials to begin collecting the states 6.25 percent sales tax from Bay State residents who order items through the website.. Gov. Deval Patrick ...
with the unconstitutional act of dissolving the Parliament. The present momentous crisis required a firm, an able, and an efficient ininistry. Whether the present ministers came under that description, Parliament must determine. But he thought they afforded but an unfavourable specimen of their future conduct, by shrinking from the responsibilty of having advised the dismissal of the late ministers. It was a constitutional maxim, founded in wisdom, that, the king could do no wrong ; for if he could, what scenes of bloodshed must ensue before he could be brought to justice? The Parliament, he said, had done nothing that could rem quire a dissolution. The reason alleged for it was, the ex. pediency of taking the sen e of the people. That, he contended, was in favour of the late minis ers, and instanced the great county of York. His lordship then adverted to the accusations against the late ministers, for opposing the go. vernment. One would think, he observed, on hearing these, that this was some ...
In conjunction with the states and territories, the establishment of a national transport research centre.. Australian Greens Deputy Leader, Senator Christine Milne, said Getting people moving around cities like Melbourne faster, more conveniently, more sustainably and more cheaply is a challenge which needs to see the Federal and State governments working together.. Only with proper coordinated planning can we get a truly sustainable solution that will work for people and the planet.. Australian Greens Senator Scott Ludlam said These are important policy changes that have been backed by a Senate inquiry.. The states and territories have given political support to long term planning as part of a COAG process but we want to see the Federal government get the ball rolling.. Greens Member for Melbourne, Adam Bandt, said With more Greens elected in Victoria we will be able to do more to get good cooperative policies like these operating across the State and Federal levels of ...
But to an economist, it is not enough to note that you do or dont like something, to justify a policy to encourage or discourage it. We instead hold ourselves to a higher analysis standard - is there a net market failure sufficient to justify an intervention?. Except, alas, on (national at-a-time between-family) income and wealth inequality. There, most economists think it sufficient to just note that a policy influences inequality - they rarely feel a need to identity an associated market failure. For example, Christina Romer:. A successful argument for a government manufacturing policy has to go beyond the feeling that its better to produce real things than services. … The economic rationales for a policy aimed specifically at shoring up manufacturing largely fall into three categories. None are completely convincing:. MARKET FAILURES Government intervention can be justified on efficiency grounds if the free market wont work well. … The market can malfunction if there are positive ...
Comments: In October 2016, OGE submitted its action plan to address GAOs recommendations. OGE reported having a number of actions underway. OGE stated the agency is surveying agency ethics officials to determine whether executive branch agencies are experiencing data challenges related to special government employees not serving on boards. According to OGE, the agency plans to evaluate what steps may help agencies strengthen their data if the survey results show agencies are experiencing data challenges. OGE reported that, in consultation with OPM, the agency proposed new regulations that would improve coordination between agency human resource officials and agency ethics officials by requiring agency human resource officials to provide ethics officials with prompt notification of the appointment of all financial disclosure report filers, including special government employees. OGE also reported expanding the agencys ongoing review of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in light ...
I am quite sure that Gawande would not disagree that there should be a framework, but he would be careful about what the framework consisted of. In fact, his use of agricultural history demonstrates that rather than wanting medical reform to proceed helter skelter, he sees his patchwork approach as very well suited to providing true improvement in treatment and costs savings. Gawande certainly isnt advocating that medicine follow its own entropic trajectory, just as he did NOT suggest that that was how agriculture should progress. In fact, quite the opposite. He says, The agricultural system [before 1903] was fragmented and disorganized, and ignored evidence showing how things could be done better….Laissez faire had not worked. What did work was indeed government intervention even in the face of traditional American hostility to it. Private farms remained, along with the considerable advantages of individual initiative. [But] the government was enlisted to help millions of farmers ...
Matching grants are one of the most common policy instruments used by developing country governments to try to foster technological upgrading, innovation, exports, use of business development services and other activities leading to firm growth. However, since they involve subsidizing firms, the risk is that they could crowd out private investment, subsidizing activities that firms were planning to undertake anyway, or lead to pure private gains, rather than generating the public gains that justify government intervention. As a result, rigorous evaluation of the effects of such programs is important. The authors attempted to implement randomized experiments to evaluate the impact of seven matching grant programs offered in six African countries, but in each case were unable to complete an experimental evaluation. One critique of randomized experiments is publication bias, whereby only those experiments with \interesting\ results get published. The hope is to mitigate this bias by learning from ...
22 April 2010: President Obama delivers a speech on Wall Street to advocate more government intervention in the countrys financial sector, but offers no reforms for Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which helped precipitate the 2008 meltdown. He also delivers a speech regarding the contributions of Earth Day to environmental awareness.. Meanwhile, 200,000 gallons of oil are spilling daily.. 23 April 2010: President Obama blasts the Arizona governor, state legislators, police officers and residents for backing federal laws that prohibit illegal immigration.. 23 April 2010: The oil continues to flow.. 24 April 2010: The president delivers his weekly radio address, which focuses on further regulation of Wall Street. He also calls upon certain segments of his original supporters - African-Americans, Latinos, Hispanics, and women - and asks them to mobilize for political action.. 24 April 2010: Efforts to contain the spill are hampered by lack of resources and difficult weather.. 25 April 2010: President ...
It would be easy to ignore Bedfords essay, but it would be a mistake to do so. True, his organization has slipped into irrelevancy. David Franke, one of the founding members of YAF, estimates that the group has no more than a few hundred dues-paying members, and thus is easily dwarfed by the many thousands of young people who have flocked to Ron Pauls Young Americans for Liberty and Students for Liberty.. There are rumors, however, that YAF is trying to rebuild itself, and there is more at stake than whether Bedford will succeed in breathing new life into a moribund organization. In his attack on Ron Paul, Bedford signals the type of people that he believes are deserving of inclusion within YAF and, indirectly, the conservative movement writ large: namely, neoconservatives who generally favor government intervention, both at home and abroad.. But the issues of greatest concern for CPAC-goers do not comport with YAFs vision. Attendees signaled an interest in limited, constitutional government, ...
By Alasdair Macleod, Head of Research, GoldMoney. The economic establishment failed to foresee the banking crisis five years ago. They then assured us that monetary stimulus was all that was needed to get economic growth back on track. Despite their abysmal track record, they continue with the same flawed Keynesian and monetarist beliefs, refusing to even consider they might be wrong. They are a collective of wise monkeys, seeing no evil, hearing no evil, and saying no evil.. The economic establishment blames todays evils on free markets, on a lack of government intervention, and on banks for being reluctant to lend. It never blames the economic establishment itself. Meanwhile, it blames government deficits on cheats who dont pay their taxes. It never looks at the political cheats who fail to cut their spending according to their diminishing cloth. I could go on; instead, I will attempt to identify the mounting dangers that face us all.. There are four horsemen of the global economic ...
By Ram Puniyani MD The issues related to our educational institutions-patriotism started coming up to the fore with this Government coming to power (May 2014). One after the other news of Government intervention in different institutions, more so the nationally well known ones started disturbing us. There was the case of IIT Madras where Periyar Ambedkar Study Circle was banned. Then IIT Bombay Director […]. ...
Medical allowance is a set amount given as an allowance to employees for whether he/she avails the medical treatment and shows bills to show the expenditure. Now, a medical reimbursement… ...
In this paper we construct a dynamic heterogeneous agent general equilibrium model to quantify the effects of child labor legislation on human capital accumulation and the distribution of wealth and welfare. Crucial model elements include a human capital externality in the market sector, an informal home production sector in which child labor laws cannot be enforced, uninsurable idiosyncratic income risk, borrowing constraints, and endogenous wage and interest rate determination in general equilibrium. We calibrate the model to US data around 1880 and find that the welfare consequences for individual households of a transition to policies that restrict child labor or provide tax-financed free education depend crucially on the main source of a households income. Whereas households with significant financial asset holdings unambiguously lose from any government intervention, high-wage workers benefit most from a ban on child labor, while low-wage workers benefit most from free education. Based on ...
Chapter 9 summarizes lessons from successful firms and their use of constructive dialogue to help prevent undisciplined risk-taking. The books recommendation, that constructive dialogue be required of all major financial firms as a way to strengthen them and contribute to their safety and soundness, builds on the work of Professor Sydney Finkelstein and colleagues about the need for respectful challenge to help offset the possibility of flawed decision making by a leader. Moreover, only effective supervision can help protect financial firms from a race to the bottom. In 2005-2007 lenders and borrowers took on increasing amounts of risk without regard to the consequences. Citigroups CEO sought government intervention to reduce risks that firms took in the race for market share and profits. CEOs can benefit from feedback from supervisors as well as their boards, management teams, and risk officers.
The UK Government is undertaking a review of changes to the off-payroll working rules, ahead of the implementation of reforms that are due to come into force in April.. The reforms, which were announced in the 2018 Budget, are designed to tackle non-compliance with off-payroll working rules, by making medium and large organisations in the private and third sectors responsible for determining the tax status of contractors.. The review, which will conclude in mid-February, will engage with affected individuals and businesses, to ensure that the implementation of these changes is as smooth as possible.. The off-payroll working rules, known as IR355, were introduced in 2000, and require that individuals who work like employees, but through their own company, pay similar taxes to other employees. They do not affect the self-employed, as only those working like employees are in scope.. As part of the review, the UK Government will hold a series of roundtables with relevant stakeholders. CECA is ...
The tension that neo-conservatives sometimes feel between a belief in mutual respect on the one hand, and the perception that there is too much government intervention to promote equality and respect on the other, erupted into a showdown in the Reform Party at the end of April, 1996. Reform Party MP Bob Ringma made remarks that it is acceptable for a business person to move an employee whose colour or sexual orientation offends a customer to the back of the shop. Another Reform MP, Dave Chatters, supported this sentiment, and in the resulting furor Reform Party Leader Preston Manning suspended both MPs from his caucus. On May 6, Manning issued a statement defending equality and respect, and inviting those who rejected these values to leave the party. He said that the Reform Party affirms equality and tolerance, but we have done so too weakly. ... It is because we have individual members who either do not agree with this principle or do not understand what it truly means when applied to ...
This paper reviews the evidence on external costs of risky behaviors in the U.S. and provides a framework for estimating them. External costs arise when a person does not bear all the costs of his or her behavior. They provide one of the strongest rationales for government interventions. Although the earlier estimates of external costs no longer have policy relevance, they demonstrated that the existence of external costs was an empirical question. We recommend that the estimates of external costs be updated as insurance structures, environments, and knowledge about these behaviors change. The general aspects of external costs may apply to countries other than the U.S. after taking into account differences in institutional, policy and epidemiological characteristics.
Despite Brazils strengths, investors are concerned about hyperinflation and the governments intervention in businesses, says David Riedel, Founder & President at Riedel Research Group.
when the society has provided for a public good, people who shirk paying for their part in that public good still get the service for free. in this case, Neil Miller may indeed not be infected by measles, but it will be because thousands of folks have subjected themselves to the side effects of vaccines in order to assure that there will be a measles-free population.. the problem with free riders is one of leadership: if they lead other people to follow their example, soon the social good of disease-prevention will buckle as an epidemic ensues in the un-vaccinated population.. at least thats what my economic professor said. he believes in technology, he said, when it comes down to it, americans just live longer. so even though he is a free market kinda guy, he favours government intervention here to maintain the status quo of public health.. lets follow the free market approach to vaccination though: we allow information on vaccines to emerge, and allow Neil and his friends to opt out, even to ...
The successor to the Democratic-Republican Party, the Democrats historically acted as the more populist party, as opposed to the mercantilist Whigs and (later) the industrial Republicans. At the same time, however, it was rooted in many socially and economically right-wing views, notably being anti-Second Bank (Andrew Jackson), anti-tariff (i.e. the Bourbons), and supporting and upholding slavery (later segregation). The party began to move to the left in two significant shifts, starting with Woodrow Wilson in the 1910s and Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. The latter was buffered by the New Deal Coalition, a combination of urban constituents, immigrants, intellectuals, organized labor, farmers, whites from the Solid South and (for the first time) Northern African Americans, all of whom agreed on more government intervention in the economy but not much else.[5]. This coalition began to fracture in the late 1940s when members of the Liberal faction of the party such as Harry ...
The thirteen significant case studies presented here examine the challenges faced by media practitioners reporting on conflicts across the diverse media ecologies of Asia. Significant themes covered include: how media culture affects the way conflict is covered, including aspects such as resource limitations, different standards of professionalism, government intervention, and the degree of importance given to the concept of independent media; how media bias can be aggravated by competing demands of various ethnics, religious and political groups and how bias among journalists can contribute to spiralling violence; how journalist can face an identity barrier in terms of access to news and sources; and, how the media can be affected by poor working conditions, pay, training and recognition, and a lack of physical or financial security. The chapters provide a valuable range of perspectives on reporting about conflicts within Asia.
The family environment is not able to overcome childhood obesity without governmental support, a new report has found.. After five years of examining the health factors of more than 16,000 children in eight EU countries, the EU-funded I.Family study, which was published today (9 February), concluded that government intervention is vital in fighting obesity.. A key finding of the study was that the rates of overweight and obese children vary widely between European regions, from around 40% of children aged two to ten years old in southern Italy to less than 10% in Belgium. Socioeconomic status had a major effect on these rates.. Our findings clearly show that children from disadvantaged families are more often overweight and obese than those from more advantaged groups, so its vital that extra efforts are made to target those worst off with bold policies designed to offer them the support they need, I.Family study coordinator Dr Wolfgang Ahrens emphasised.. Over the course of the study, ...
John Gilbertson, a third-year student at Drake University Law School, was recognized onstage during GRAMMY Week 2020 at the 22nd Annual Entertainment Law Initiative Event and Scholarship Presentation, hosted by the Recording Academy. His paper, titled Play It Again Sam: The Free-Market Case for Government Intervention in the Music Streaming Sector, received runner-up in the Entertainment Law Initiative Writing Competition, winning him a trip to Los Angeles and a $2,500 scholarship ...
The aim of this paper is to explore the equity principles in three main domains of government intervention (health, education and especially housing) and to draw lessons for the domain of transport. In line wi... Authors: J. F. Jeekel and C. J. C. M. Martens. ...
So who is correct? I am inclined partially to both sides. The fiscalians are correct that there exists the possibility of a long-drawn equilibrium of stagnation, which can be averted only with government intervention. The austerians are correct about the slippery slope and the dangers of a new bubble. The difficulty, even impossibility, of separating cause and effect (like in so many other areas of economic policy making) means that we will never be able to satisfactorily resolve the dispute about whether TARP and ARRA succeeded or failed, leave alone how much they contributed towards the present employment and output conditions ...
Its confusing to watch Congress do nothing but saber rattling in the face of the current U.S. rail crisis, writes Mike Bryan. Government intervention in this issue seems like a no brainer.
The federal government, part of the Allied forces, was furious over Houde's stand and held him in a prison camp until 1944. ... The head of the city government in Montreal is the mayor, who is first among equals in the city council. The city council is a ... That year, the government decided to institute conscription to expand the armed forces and fight the Axis powers. (See ... Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Population of census metropolitan areas". Archived from the ...
Government - the legislators, administrators, and arbitrators in the bureaucracy who control a state at a given time and to the ... 1999). "government". The Blackwell dictionary of political science: a user's guide to its terms. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 147. ISBN ... Democracy - form of government which allows people to participate equally-either directly or through elected representatives-in ... America by Heart - Bad for Democracy - The Coming Victory of Democracy - Considerations on Representative Government - ...
Indian government estimates suggest around 2.6 million migrants leaving East Bengal for India and 0.7 million migrants coming ... As per the Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Department of the Government of West Bengal, the census figures show the number of ... "Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation". Government. Egiye Bangla. Retrieved 20 April 2018. Dasgupta, Abhijit. "The Puzzling Numbers ...
See Government section below.) Today, Barrington and its nearby villages are considered to be some of the wealthiest in the ... "Village Board". Government. The Village of Barrington, Illinois. Archived from the original on March 9, 2009. Retrieved May 8, ... Between 1833 and 1835, the U.S. government paid approximately $100,000 in annuities and grants to the Potawatomi, Ottawa, and ... Since 1970, growth in the area has been monitored by the Barrington Area Council of Governments (BACOG), which includes ...
Government. Military affairs 36 Safeguarding the mental and material necessities of life 37 Education 39 Cultural anthropology ...
Government; Agriculture and Ranching; Culture; and Human Rights. Sesma returned to a legislature in 2012, this time as a local ...
Government records such as the Pipe Rolls, the Memoranda Rolls, and other financial records, some of which are specific to the ... Saul, Nigel (2000). "Government". A Companion to Medieval England 1066-1485. Stroud, UK: Tempus. pp. 115-118. ISBN 0-7524-2969- ... The last carucage was imposed in 1224, after which most of the medieval government's revenue was raised by levying taxes on ... ISBN 0-19-822741-8. Campbell, James (1975). "Observations on English Government from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century". ...
Abendschein, Dan (2011-06-07). "Portantino Preparing for 2012 Congress Run, But Will He Face David Dreier? - Government". ...
Government. "New Auckland DHB chairs announced - Scoop News". Retrieved 24 March 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Archived from the ...
"Government". City of Newport. Retrieved September 29, 2020. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved ... "FBI - Cocke County Men Indicted for Racketeering". Retrieved June 23, 2016. [1] "Archived copy". Archived from the ... government. By 1800, Cherokee attacks in the Newport area had been drastically reduced. The French Broad River passes 1 mile ( ... Carolyn Sakowski, Touring the East Tennessee Backroads ...
"Government , Katsina State Government". Retrieved April 28, 2021. "Elections in Nigeria". ...
... were considered to be United States citizens and thus the responsibility of state governments. The federal government funded ... It is clear to my mind that sooner of later government action will have to be taken in the name of justice and humanity to aid ... Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1908. Robert, Lawrence C. "The State of Robeson," New York: J.J. Little and Ives ... "GOVERNMENT". Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina. Lumbee Tribe. Retrieved 8 November 2020. "Bad medicine for the Klan: North ...
Government. Archived from the original on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017. "Foreign Secretary statement on situation in ... This policy is a partial exception to the UK's long held policy of recognising states rather than specific governments. In ... Since 2018, the Bank of England has delayed releasing 31 tonnes of Venezuelan gold to the Maduro government. UK foreign office ... As of August 2017, the British Government advised against 'all but essential travel' to Venezuela, and withdrew dependents of ...
". "Richland County > Government > Courts and Judicial System > Magistrates". Retrieved 2018-12-15. ... an attorney with the Nexsen Pruet Law Firm in Columbia South Carolina where he chairs the firm's Public Policy and Government ...
The Office of the Attorney General is organized into six Bureaus: Executive; Energy and Environmental; Criminal; Government; ... The Massachusetts Attorney General is an elected constitutionally defined executive officer of the Massachusetts Government. ...
"Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). Government of Indiana. Retrieved 2008-09-16. "Government". United Township Association ... The county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code. The ... Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected ... "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". Government of Indiana. Retrieved 2008-09-16. Indiana Code. " ...
The City of Palos Hills operates under a Mayor/Council form of government with a Mayor, Clerk and City Treasurer elected at ... "Government". City of Palos Hills. "Station 1." North Palos Fire Protection District. Retrieved on January 20, 2017. "10629 So. ... "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. ...
ISBN 0-8047-4817-9. Mona, Puerto Rico#Mona Island today "The World Fact Book". Government. CIA Fact Book. Retrieved 8 July 2019 ...
"Government". "Fred Upton wins Sixth Congressional District race, will face Don Cooney". Don Cooney for U.S. Congress ...
"City of Silverton, OR > Government > City Council". Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. ...
The head of government is the prime minister who, together with the cabinet, is responsible for executive government. The ... The governments of Iceland have always been coalition governments, with two or more parties involved, as no single political ... As of 2012[update], the government of Iceland was in talks with the government of the United Kingdom about the possibility of ... Students must adhere closely to the government-mandated curriculum, and the parent teaching must acquire a government approved ...
A report by Gauteng's Provincial Government ranked Midvaal as the province's top municipality in terms of quality of life. In ... The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government ... "Government". Midvaal. Retrieved 2017-08-22. ...
In conjunction with the UK government's Forced Marriage Unit and the Metropolitan Police, the charity provides a smartphone app ... "But It's Not Fair'". Government. Retrieved 14 February 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ... Government Ministers, the police, survivors and her experiences as a magistrate. The story is written from the view of a young ... UK Government). 24 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Leville, Sandra; Halliday, Josh; ...
government. "Shareholder Structure of BAWAG Group AG" (PDF). BAWAG Group. Retrieved 10 September 2020. __UeberUns/Unternehmen/ ... After pressure form the government threatening to close its own accounts and initiation of a legal procedure, Ceberus obtained ... of the shares from the government. In November 2003, the remaining 25.18% were bought up as well. The merger, which was not ... the bank almost defaulted on its obligations and had to be bailed out by the conservative government of Wolfgang Schüssel. This ...
By their common definitions, every nation has a government and every government is hierarchical. Socioeconomic systems are ... Most organizations are structured in this manner, including governments, companies, armed forces, militia and organized ... ISBN 1-4020-0757-4. Soanes, Catherine; Hawker, Sara (1991). "government". Compact Oxford English Dictionary. ISBN 978-0-19- ... Anarchy Class browser Forms of government Graph theory Heterarchy Hierarchical classifier Hierarchical epistemology ...
The U.S. government provides several tools for mapping hazardous wastes to particular locations. These tools also allow the ... "Government." City Of Oxnard, Hazardous Waste Landfills Land Disposal Restrictions ... This resource was funded by the US Federal Government. TOXMAP's chemical and environmental health information was taken from ...
About 14% of the labor force works in the government sector for state and county services and schools; in the non-government ... The county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code. The ... U.S. Government Printing Office 1990, p. 1. "Global Automotive Manufacturer Plans Warren County Expansion". Trade and Industry ... Agriculture, manufacturing, government, education, and health care each provide substantial portions of the jobs in the county ...
"West Fargo, North Dakota Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved May 26, ... United States Census "City of West Fargo > Home > Government > City Commission". "Schacher entering new life chapter". " ... Fargo-Moorhead Metropolitan Council of Governments (Metro COG), and Fargo Moorhead Metro Area Transit to meet the ... ". "City of West Fargo > Home > Government > Airport Authority". "AOPA airports/aptdetail.cfm". 3 April 2016. - " ...
"Indiana General Assembly - 2014 Session". 2013-10-18. Retrieved 2014-08-17. "Government". United Township Association ... A township trustee is an elected official in the local government of the U.S. state of Indiana. A township trustee administers ...
"Government". Bintan net Government of Indonesia. Archived from the original on May 27, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-14. "Welcome to ... The government of Indonesia has also planned the petroleum industry with its subsidiary industry of manufacture of plastics in ... "Riau Island Province". Government of Indonesia. Retrieved 2010-06-17. "Bintan Indonesia". Archived from the ... 5 1990 re Conservation of Nature Resource and its Ecosystem; Government Regulation no. 7 1990 re Conservation Species of Flora ...
As the nations health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats.
Currently, two oral cholera vaccines are available: Dukoral® (manufactured by SBL Vaccines) and ShanChol® (manufactured by Shantha Biotec in India), which are World Health Organization (WHO) prequalified.
MedlinePlus also links to health information from non-government Web sites. See our disclaimer about external links and our ... MedlinePlus links to health information from the National Institutes of Health and other federal government agencies. ...
CDC recommends special precautions for pregnant women to protect themselves from Zika virus infection.
Vaccines and Immunization: main menu page Identifier:. NCT02012920 History of Changes Other Study ID Numbers:. INO-VT-464-CL-001 VMT-VT-464-CL-001 ( ... Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. ... Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02012920 ...
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Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of ... Help guide our efforts to modernize Send us your comments by March 14, 2020. ... Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02908035 ..., and the MMWR Summary of Notifiable Diseases, United States, 2008 was ... Readers of MMWR NNDSS tables may benefit from some background about the reporting ... ). Provisional data have not been adjusted for variations in reporting procedures ... ). To provide timely NNDSS data, state and territorial health ...
Help us improve GOV.UK. To help us improve GOV.UK, wed like to know more about your visit today. Well send you a link to a ... We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as ... Help us improve GOV.UK. Dont include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card ... See the latest NHS guidance on coronavirus for the current situation in the UK and abroad, and the latest government guidance ...
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The ATSDR ToxFAQs™ is a series of summaries about hazardous substances developed by the ATSDR Division of Toxicology. Information for this series is excerpted from the ATSDR Toxicological Profiles and Public Health Statements. Each fact sheet serves as a quick and easy to understand guide.
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List of forms of government Central government Civics Comparative government Constitutional economics Deep state Digital ... A government is the system to govern a state or community. The word government derives, ultimately, from the Greek verb ... Like all categories discerned within forms of government, the boundaries of government classifications are either fluid or ill- ... ISBN 978-0-08-043076-8. Media related to Government at Wikimedia Commons Government at the Encyclopædia Britannica The ...
" Retrieved 2014-02-03.. *^ "Country Comparison :: Public debt". Archived from the original on ... General government gross debt 2008 estimates rounded to one decimal place) *^ "Government Social Benefits Table". Archived from ... A government bond is a bond issued by a national government. Such bonds are most often denominated in the countrys domestic ... Government "implicit" debt is the promise by a government of future payments from the state. Usually this refers to long-term ...
Local government is the third tier of government in Pakistan, after Federal Government and Provincial Government. There are ... Main article: Local government in Malaysia. Local government is the lowest level in the system of government in Malaysia-after ... Main article: Local government in Australia. Local government is the third type of government in Australia, after Federal and ... The Republic of China government in Taiwan consists of special municipality governments, provincial city governments and county ...
Americas Secret Government America has always had a secret government. The secret government consists of prominent and ... The Government Mafia can also give a domestic enemy a slow death. Agents of the Government Mafia can move into a house or ... The Government Mafia s domestic enemies are busy chasing after things that don t exist. The Government Mafia wants to have its ... The Government Mafia has sacrificed the lives of a few to advance its agenda for the masses. The Government Mafia has been ...
The Trevín government was the regional government of Asturias led by President Antonio Trevín. It was formed in June 1995 after ...
"E-Government Portal". Retrieved 2 October 2017. "E-Gov Development Center. About us". e-Government - ... such as m-government (mobile government), ubiquitous government), and g-government (GIS/GPS applications for e-government). The ... E-government is also known as e-gov, electronic government, Internet governance, digital government, online government, ... "Government of Sri Lanka Official Web Portal". Retrieved 3 July 2013. "Government Information Center". ...
Doing Tech Business With the Federal Government. Here are five things every technology company needs to know before they dive ...
... and inspire with trusted solutions for government. See how Cisco securely connects governments for whats now and whats next. ... Reimagine Government. Between the challenges of today and the government of tomorrow, we are powering an inclusive future. ... How to prepare for the future of government. Hear from IDC on transforming your government on the foundations of cybersecurity ...
  • The Center for Digital Government surveyed 2,000 citizens in March and August 2020 and found that citizens are having more issues with digital government services now than before the pandemic. (
  • This year the conference will review the technical and infrastructure requirements presented by the 2020 Government Transformation Strategy. (
  • The Red Hat Government Symposium Virtual Experience 2020 is a one-day conference that brings together IT leaders from federal, state, and local agencies, as well as industry partners and Red Hat experts. (
  • The secret government consists of prominent and powerful American citizens. (
  • E-government (short for electronic government) is the use of technological communications devices, such as computers and the Internet, to provide public services to citizens and other persons in a country or region. (
  • E-government offers new opportunities for more direct and convenient citizen access to government, and for government provision of services directly to citizens. (
  • The term consists of the digital interactions between a citizen and their government (C2G), between governments and other government agencies (G2G), between government and citizens (G2C), between government and employees (G2E), and between government and businesses/commerces (G2B). (
  • E-government delivery models can be broken down into the following categories: This interaction consists of citizens communicating with all levels of government (city, state/province, national, and international), facilitating citizen involvement in governance using information and communication technology (ICT) (such as computers and websites) and business process re-engineering (BPR). (
  • E-gov strategies (or digital government) is defined as "The employment of the Internet and the world-wide-web for delivering government information and services to the citizens. (
  • It involves the use of information technology, specifically the Internet, to facilitate the communication between the government and its citizens. (
  • For example, it is often associated with a whole-of-government viewpoint, which tries to foster cross-department collaboration and provide one-stop-shop convenience in the delivery of services to citizens. (
  • Government 2.0 or Gov 2.0 refers to government policies that aim to harness collaborative technologies and interactive Internet tools to create an open-source computing platform in which government, citizens, and innovative companies can improve transparency and efficiency. (
  • The legal system is not independent of the government, however, a problem that is especially acute on the local level, where corrupt officials manipulate the process to protect themselves and limit citizens' rights. (
  • Xerox ® Services for Digital Citizen was built to address the complex challenges of providing secure and compliant government services that meet the needs of all citizens. (
  • In this webinar, we'll unpack what citizens really want and how governments can meet those expectations while streamlining and reducing the cost of digital service delivery. (
  • It's what citizens want according to a recent Center for Digital Government survey. (
  • Using data and technology to help deliver efficient public services that meet citizens' expectations is a priority for governments everywhere. (
  • We're enabling state and local governments to better serve and protect citizens by connecting people, systems, and information resulting in more impactful outcomes. (
  • Governments at every level strive to keep citizens safe, healthy, and thriving. (
  • Data generated by IoT devices empowers governments to improve the safety of its citizens, build smart cities, maintain infrastructure, and respond quickly to emergencies and disasters. (
  • Now when citizens see a government agency with a lot of bad reviews, they'll know to take their business to another sovereign nation. (
  • If approved, Uruguay's national government would be the first in the world to directly sell marijuana to its citizens. (
  • At the same time, the innovation, creativity and agility that some governments showed in their response to the crisis points the way to a more fundamental reimagining of how governments can better serve their citizens in the future. (
  • Help guide our efforts to modernize . (
  • Join us for a virtual event where you'll hear from prominent state and local government leaders and technology experts as they share how to harness evolving technology and innovation to fuel your agency's digital journey and modernize operations through collaboration and an intelligent platform. (
  • The company deploys highly experienced teams and its proprietary CSG REALize℠ collection of public sector systems modernization methods, knowledge and automated tools to help governments modernize their most complex program enterprises. (
  • The government used its tremendous resources to put man on the moon, a quarter million miles away from Earth, and in the late 1960 s the government turned inward to begin the transformation of America into a multicultural society. (
  • The internal transformation of a government is the definition that established the specialist technologist Mauro D. Ríos. (
  • transformation, which involves a reinvention of government functions and how they operate. (
  • Digital transformation is about creating new possibilities for federal government agencies. (
  • Digital transformation in government and public services has become an imperative in the digital age. (
  • EY has dedicated teams around the world to help governments achieve their digital and innovation ambitions - from small projects to large scale digital transformation. (
  • Microsoft enables digital transformation through innovative productivity and business process tools that help to improve government services. (
  • Microsoft enables digital transformation of government with an integrated, flexible, and trustworthy approach that offers a choice of public, private and hybrid cloud services. (
  • Microsoft is enabling digital transformation across government priorities through an ecosystem of expert government service partners and solutions. (
  • Brabham and Guth (2017) interviewed the third party designers of e-government tools in North America about the ideals of user interaction that they build into their technologies, which include progressive values, ubiquitous participation, geolocation, and education of the public. (
  • In this - our fourth annual transparency report -- we disclose information about all government requests seeking access to Adobe customer data that we received during our fiscal year 2017 (FY 2017), the services to which they relate, the country of origin, and how we responded. (
  • Government Requests By Service: During FY 2017, most government requests we received related to users of our Photoshop Mix photo editing service (11 requests), our Creative Cloud service (6 requests), or to customer Adobe ID accounts or Adobe store transactions (3 requests). (
  • In 2017, with funding from the Government of Estonia, UNHCR helped the most vulnerable people forced to leave their homes globally. (
  • An anti-government demonstrator pushes a old refrigerator to make a barricade to protest against President Nicolas Maduro's plan to rewrite the constitution in Caracas, Venezuela on July 29, 2017. (
  • An anti-government activist is arrested during clashes in Caracas on July 28, 2017. (
  • Anti-government activists clash with riot police during a protest in Caracas on July 28, 2017. (
  • Members of the Bolivarian National Guard shield themselves from a Molotov cocktail as they confront a group of demonstrators during a protest against the government in Caracas, Venezuela on July 28, 2017. (
  • A protester handling a Molotov cocktail confronts members of the Bolivarian National Guard during a protest against the government in Caracas, Venezuela on July 28, 2017. (
  • Opposition demonstrators run during clashes with riot police during an anti-government protest in Caracas, on July 20, 2017. (
  • In his paper "In Search of a Definition of Electronic Government", he says: "Digital government is a new way of organization and management of public affairs, introducing positive transformational processes in management and the structure itself of the organization chart, adding value to the procedures and services provided, all through the introduction and continued appropriation of information and communication technologies as a facilitator of these transformations. (
  • All the features of Office 365 Government Community G1 plus Office desktop applications, personalized search and discovery, self-service business intelligence, enterprise management of apps, eDiscovery tools, hosted voicemail with auto-attendant capabilities, and other services. (
  • Government debt , also known as public interest , public debt , national debt and sovereign debt , [1] [2] contrasts to the annual government budget deficit , which is a flow variable that equals the difference between government receipts and spending in a single year. (
  • In a monetarily sovereign country such as the United States of America , the United Kingdom and most other countries, government debt held in the home currency are merely savings accounts held at the central bank. (
  • Monetarily sovereign governments issue their own currencies and do not need this income to finance spending. (
  • Our corporate finance consultants help corporates, private equity, governments, sovereign wealth funds, private and family businesses, and educational institutions with their key financial issues. (
  • URL: (
  • Premier Giuseppe Conte has won a crucial confidence vote in Parliament's lower house on his new coalition government. (
  • ROME (AP) - Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte forged a new coalition government Wednesday that teams up the populist 5-Star Movement and center-left Democrats in an unusual alliance of rivals to banish for now the specter of early election that likely could have seen the triumph of Italy's fast-rising. (
  • Leading the country into a marked shift to the right, Balkenende formed a three-way center-right coalition government with his Christian Democrats, Lijst Pim Fortuyn, and the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy. (
  • Yilmaz heads a weak, three-party minority Center-Right coalition government that has nonetheless acted strongly to reinforce secularism and reduce Welfare's support. (
  • THE three-party coalition government of Bulent Ecevit, the ailing Turkish prime minister, has been thrown into chaos by the resignations this week of a number of important ministers and members of parliament. (
  • America has always had a secret government. (
  • Unprecedented power and resources were given to the secret element of the government to transform America. (
  • The secret government decided that the passage of civil rights laws and affirmative action would not be enough to overcome the white population s resistance to transforming America into a multicultural society. (
  • MedlinePlus links to health information from the National Institutes of Health and other federal government agencies. (
  • Government agencies are deploying secure digital workspaces across use cases and mission programs, enabling anytime, anywhere, on any device access to government data and applications while transforming citizen service delivery. (
  • See how VMware digital workspace solutions enable federal agencies to empower personnel with reliable, consumer-simple access to government data and resources-without compromising data security or privacy. (
  • With Xerox's Digital Citizen services, government agencies can integrate legacy paper systems with digital processes, to work more efficiently and improve citizen engagement at each touchpoint - while reducing operational costs. (
  • Explore the interactive e-book, Bringing Citizen Services into the Digital Age, to learn how agencies like yours improve citizen services with government cloud solutions. (
  • Learn how Adobe addresses the unique needs of government agencies. (
  • See how Adobe is helping government agencies accomplish their goals. (
  • The U.S. government's General Services Administration has begun working with the review website Yelp to create official pages for various government agencies where consumers can give feedback to places such as the TSA, post offices, and courthouses. (
  • The AAA offers both residential and commercial mortgage foreclosure mediation and designs foreclosure mediation systems for government agencies, courts, and lenders and servicers. (
  • Our cloud services can be employed to meet mandates, reduce costs, drive efficiencies, and increase innovation across civilian agencies, national defense and intelligence communities, and state and local governments. (
  • One feature that may be particularly appealing to government agencies and corporate environments is its ability to map individual access permissions of each data item, authenticate users against each target system and limit access to information a user would be entitled to view if they were directly logged into the target system. (
  • Using the MOBIS contract, federal government agencies can efficiently procure a full range of our services," says Tim Lenning, CSG's Managing Director. (
  • Founded in 1997, CSG has established itself as a trusted advisor to government agencies throughout the U.S. (
  • Adapt to change and deliver smart, connected, and secure government solutions with Oracle's complete cloud portfolio for government. (
  • Rely on a secure, cost-effective, and open cloud infrastructure platform built for government. (
  • Oracle's government cloud includes two FedRAMP regions for public sector, and a public cloud option for less stringent requirements. (
  • They provide all the features and capabilities of Office 365 services in a segmented government cloud community that enables organizations to meet U.S. compliance and security standards. (
  • All the features of Exchange Online Government Plan 1 plus cloud file storage and sharing, online meetings and instant messaging, HD videoconferencing, intranet and team sites, and other services. (
  • Learn how Hawaii's state government used Adobe Sign, an Adobe Document Cloud solution, to create paperless workflows, helping save time and providing new public services faster. (
  • We work with governments to bring artificial intelligence to more places, maximize the value of cloud and edge computing, and help to enhance cybersecurity at every point. (
  • The AWS Cloud provides scalable, cost-efficient solutions for governments around the world. (
  • Accenture is a leader in U.S. Gov. Private Cloud IaaS. (
  • Aquilent is a full-service Cloud solution provider to the federal government. (
  • BJSS is one of the largest technology providers to the UK Central Government and the NHS, BJSS works extensively with public sector organizations to build and transition to the cloud. (
  • While all types of organizations have governance, the term government is often used more specifically, to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments and subsidiary organizations. (
  • Finally, government is also sometimes used in English as a synonym for governance. (
  • As of 2014 the OECD still uses the term digital government, and distinguishes it from e-government in the recommendation produced there for the Network on E-Government of the Public Governance Committee. (
  • E-government promotes and improves broad stakeholders contribution to national and community development, as well as deepen the governance process. (
  • The OECD Global Network of Schools of Government provides direct access to OECD governance expertise and enables exchange of schools' experiences and good practices in ensuring that public sector employees have the skills and competencies to address current and future priorities. (
  • Through improved evidence, we want to better understand what policies and governance reforms can governments design and implement for restoring and maintaining public trust. (
  • Leptospirosis is a nationally notifiable disease-the Council for State and Territorial Epidemiologists' case definition can be found at . (
  • Several governments have started to use the term digital government to a wide range of services involving contemporary technology, such as big data, automation or predictive analytics. (
  • All the features of Office 365 Government Community G3 plus unified communications with Skype for Business Server, advanced eDiscovery with predictive coding and text analytics, Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection, personal and organizational analytics, PSTN conferencing, and other services. (
  • Watch on demand as government experts discuss the industry's most pressing topics - from cybersecurity to the internet of things - and learn how analytics can help you address these issues. (
  • Government Executive uses cookies for analytics and personalization. (
  • Britain, despite our amateurish ways, has a tremendous reputation for doing 'public administration' well, and more recently for being a beacon of change and innovation in Government over then past three decades. (
  • Engage with Innovation ANU, the access point for industry and government looking to connect with the University. (
  • In 2018, the global government debt reached the equivalent of $66 trillion, or about 80% of global GDP. (
  • Government organizations of all sizes are digitizing and modernizing nearly every aspect of their work. (
  • Office 365 Government plans are designed for the unique needs of government organizations. (
  • AI will benefit government organizations in myriad ways, from automating everyday operations to accelerating scientific research. (
  • Yes, Government Executive can email me on behalf of carefully selected companies and organizations. (
  • In response to the growing recognition that an effective and efficient public sector is essential for stimulating economic growth and social welfare, the OECD is increasingly called upon to assist in building public sector capacity to ensure responsiveness to government priorities. (
  • Trust in government is deteriorating in many OECD countries. (
  • Hear from IDC on transforming your government on the foundations of cybersecurity and digital trust. (
  • Beijing will also lift a ban on provincial and municipal governments selling bonds, a step aimed at bolstering their finances with more transparent sources of funding. (
  • CSG clients include more than 25 state governments, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and large municipal governments. (
  • The territorial institutions consist of the territorial government, the territorial assembly and the economic, social and cultural committee. (
  • Office 365 Government plans are available to (1) qualified government entities, including US federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government entities, and (2) other entities (subject to validation of eligibility) who handle data subject to government regulations and requirements, where use of Office 365 Government is appropriate to meet these regulations and requirements. (
  • Transformational government or also transformational e-government is the use of computer-based information and communications technologies (ICT) to change the way governments work. (
  • The event will include keynotes, fireside chats, panel discussions, and 'ask the experts' sessions, featuring some of the most compelling, collaborative, and transformational projects in government. (
  • The FSA ID is the username and password you use on federal student aid websites such as and, and on the myStudentAid mobile app. (
  • Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. (
  • The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government , national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. (
  • In federal states , local government generally comprises the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states , local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions. (
  • Learn how a U.S. federal government agency modernized the data center to transform IT delivery, consolidate resources, and streamline management across private and public clouds. (
  • What this really amounts to is a power grab - giving the federal government power to try or re-try violent crimes that are purely intrastate. (
  • While the federal government will fund the benefits extension, the higher unemployment rate has put pressure on state unemployment insurance funds. (
  • THE federal government has been accused of trying to blackmail artists who are threatening to boycott a major Sydney festival over the asylum seeker issue. (
  • THE federal government has been accused of 'bullying' artists who are threatening to boycott a major Sydney festival over a sponsorship deal with corporate giant Transfield. (
  • CSG Government Solutions, a national leader in providing public sector IT strategy, quality management and systems modernization services, today announced that it has been awarded a Mission Oriented Business Integrated Services (MOBIS) contract by the Federal General Services Administration (GSA). (
  • Yet until recently it has been among the more stable governments in Turkey's modern history, pushing through sweeping financial reforms endorsed by the IMF, which lent it $16 billion earlier this year to help it roll over its $200 billion in public debt. (
  • A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. (
  • The institutions of local government vary greatly between countries, and even where similar arrangements exist, the terminology often varies. (
  • Local government traditionally had limited power in Egypt 's highly centralized state. (
  • The district police station balanced the notables, and the system of local government (the mayor and council) integrated them into the regime. (
  • In an effort to reduce local demands on the central treasury, local government was given wider powers to raise local taxes. (
  • But local representative councils became vehicles of pressure for government spending, and the soaring deficits of local government bodies had to be covered by the central government. (
  • Local government was encouraged to enter into joint ventures with private investors, and these ventures stimulated an alliance between government officials and the local rich that paralleled the infitah alliance at the national level. (
  • Citrix is exhibiting at the 6th GOV ICT 2.0, the UK's annual must-attend one-day conference for 350+ senior level executives, tech leaders and digital experts from across Central and Local Government. (
  • The total amount of local government debt is around 10 trillion yuan and could rise as high as 12 trillion by the end of year, Reuters reports. (
  • The FAQs assume you are or were a state or local government employee who works or worked in employment not covered by Social Security. (
  • A government pension is a retirement benefit from non-Social Security-covered employment for a state or local government. (
  • Non-SS-covered employment is work you perform for a state or local government that is not covered by Social Security. (
  • SLG means state or local government. (
  • Effective July 2, 1991, Congress made social security coverage mandatory for state and local government employees who are neither covered by a Section 218 Agreement nor qualifying participants in a public retirement system. (
  • Teri Takai of e.Republic offered her unique insights on digital trends, IT policy and best practices for state and local governments. (
  • Under the plan backed by President Jose Mujica's leftist administration, only the government would be allowed to sell marijuana and only to adults who register on a government database, letting officials keep track of their purchases over time. (
  • The idea behind the marijuana proposal is to weaken crime by removing profits from drug dealers and diverting users from harder drugs, according to government officials. (
  • BEIRUT (AP) - Gunmen assassinated a prominent Syrian pro-government figure at his home in southern Lebanon on Wednesday in the latest spillover of Syria's civil war into its smaller neighbor, security officials said. (
  • Wim Kok's government resigned in April 2002 after a report concluded that Dutch UN troops failed to prevent a massacre of Bosnian Muslims by Bosnian Serbs in a UN safe haven near Srebrenica in 1995. (
  • If you supply your email address, you will be automatically entered in a prize drawing that will take place at the 2002 Government Industry Meeting. (
  • Global trends, accelerated by the COVID-19 shock, pose economic and social challenges that require us to reimagine the future of government. (
  • RIO DE JANEIRO - Anti-government protesters have taken to the streets in cities across Brazil as the nation's confirmed death toll from COVID-19 soared past half a million. (
  • Anti-government protesters react as their leader arrives at Thailand's parliament building during the senate session in Bangkok, May 12, 2014. (
  • Emboldened by the removal of Thailand's prime minister, anti-government protesters withdrew from Bangkok's main park and marched to the vacated prime minister's office compound seen here, where protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban has pledged to set up office, Bangkok, May 12, 2014. (
  • Newly elected Senate Speaker Surachai Liengboonlertchai (right) and anti-government protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban greet each other in parliament, Bangkok. (
  • Anti-government protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban, center, talks on his mobile phone during a rally outside the parliament building, in Bangkok, May 12, 2014. (
  • Firefighters work to douse the fire on a police boot set ablaze by opposition demonstrators clashing with riot police during an anti-government protest in Caracas, on Thursday. (
  • From turning boxes of paper files into secure, digital databases--to automating processes behind the scenes so citizen-facing transactions happen quicker and easier-our government solutions are here to help. (
  • Check out government agency case studies, white papers, eBooks, infographics, videos and thought leadership briefs about our government solutions. (
  • See how our solutions specifically address government needs. (
  • The AAA utilizes the advantages of ADR-quick response time and customized solutions--to improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of government. (
  • The AWS Partner Competency Program has vetted, validated, and verified that the below partners have demonstrated experience in delivering quality government solutions. (
  • C2S Consulting Group (C2SCG) is a small agile women U.S.-owned professional solutions provider for government and commercial customers, headquartered in Herndon, VA. (
  • CSG Government Solutions continues to increase its presence across the United States. (
  • CSG Government Solutions is a growing information technology management consulting firm focused on delivering high value solutions for our public sector clients. (
  • A central government with its own currency can pay for its nominal spending by creating money ex novo , [3] although typical arrangements leave money creation to central banks. (
  • Under the central government were twenty-six governorates (sing. (
  • Governors acquired more authority under Law Number 43 of 1979, which reduced the administrative and budgetary controls of the central government over the provinces. (
  • Propelled by the local governments' measures, the central government is believed to be studying market trends. (
  • As part of Beijing's overhaul of the finances of heavily-indebted local governments, the central government will pay off some of their loans and state banks including some of the "Big Four" will be forced to take some losses on the bad debt, said the sources, both of whom have direct knowledge of the plans. (
  • Early elections might let a pro-Islamic party, currently the country's most popular party, into government. (
  • Use Workspace to prepare and submit your application and eRA Commons to track your application. (
  • In the nineteenth and twentieth century, there was a significant increase in the size and scale of government at the national level. (
  • A government bond is a bond issued by a national government. (
  • [10] Government bonds are sometimes regarded as risk-free bonds , because national governments can if necessary create money de novo to redeem the bond in their own currency at maturity. (
  • To achieve this objective, we have brought together national schools of government in a Global Network of Schools of Government. (
  • supporting international exchange among national schools of government and the policy-making community. (
  • Despite buzzwords such as 'national,' 'U.S. government' or 'official,' these letters are from private companies. (
  • The local e-government environment varies tremendously across the North Sea Region of the EU, with municipal strategies being shaped by very different national, regional and local policy contexts and political and technological agendas. (
  • 1. Understanding e-governmentin EdinburghSummary & ContextThe local e-government environment varies tremendously across theNorth Sea Region of the EU, with municipal strategies being shaped byvery different national, regional and local policy contexts and political Project Context Mapand technological agendas. (
  • Labour and Likud formed a national unity government in September, giving the premiership to Peres for 25 months, at the end of which the premiership would go to Shamir, with the understanding that the other would take the position of deputy prime minister of foreign affairs. (
  • The president and vice-president of Venezuela's opposition-controlled National Assembly, Julio Borges, right, and Freddy Guevara respectively, swear judges named for a parallel supreme court in Caracas on Friday.The death toll in anti-government protests in the country since April has reached 100, prosecutors said Friday. (
  • Computer hacker skills are in great demand in the U.S. government to fight the cyber wars that pose a growing national security threat - and they are in short supply. (
  • 4. introduction ∙ Today is not about telling you about how things are, it is about encouraging thinking ∙ The term "Digital government" is used instead of "e-government" ∙ Often, the first word is omitted ∙ This is important: in Estonia, e-government is not something distinct from the overall government ∙ "e-" is slightly overused, "Digital" is more precise We are discussing a very abstract and fragile topic, semantics are very important! (
  • Like all categories discerned within forms of government, the boundaries of government classifications are either fluid or ill-defined. (
  • The classified surveillance technology provided to the Government Mafia is technology that can electronically see and hear through walls of a house. (
  • Simply pointing a surveillance device with this technology at a neighboring house will allow an agent (member of the Government Mafia) to electronically see and hear through the walls of the neighboring house. (
  • We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. (
  • There are several options available to submit your application through to NIH and Department of Health and Human Services partners. (
  • A broader definition of government debt may consider all government liabilities, including future pension payments and payments for goods and services which the government has contracted but not yet paid. (
  • In electronic government systems, government operations are supported by web-based services. (
  • The remaining government requests received sought information about users of the following apps or services: Adobe Acrobat (3 requests), our Lightroom photo storage service (3 requests), Adobe Sign (2 requests), Adobe AIR (1 request), and Behance (1 request). (
  • No Backdoors: Adobe has not built 'backdoors' for any government - foreign or domestic - into our products or services. (
  • The recent COVID-19 crisis has offered governments the opportunity to accelerate their delivery of digital services while facing increasing demand for inclusive digitalization of public services. (
  • Find out how local governments can deliver intelligent, innovative digital services to make their cities more sustainable, prosperous, and inclusive. (
  • A new generation of government services is now in session. (
  • It's always a good question, especially with private companies out there trying to charge you hefty fees for government or financial services that are usually free. (
  • Almoayyed Computers' well‑defined application infrastructure and services portfolio caters to a variety of industries/business sectors, including Government. (
  • Other definitions stray from the idea that technology is an object and defines e-government simply as facilitators or instruments and focus on specific changes in Public Administration issues. (
  • During all stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, including containment, mitigation and recovery, trust in public institutions is vital for governments' ability to respond rapidly and to secure citizen support. (
  • Around the world, governments and the public sector work to improve quality of life, keep systems and data secure, and comply with regulations. (
  • Israel's government met Sunday, approving the updated natural gas plan presented to the public last week by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz. (
  • Our Government & Public Sector community brings together more than 20,000 EY people from over 100 countries. (
  • Government often relies on the AAA for guidance and information as well, due to its status as a not-for-profit, public-service organization with a strong history of neutrality, independence, and integrity. (
  • The report also urges the government to allow the cost of childcare to be offset against tax, to monitor the number of women in senior positions in both public and private sectors, and to train teachers to promote equal opportunities in the classroom in an attempt to increase the number of girls taking science. (
  • But Iraq's official news agency INA today quotes a government spokesman as saying Iraq will not respond to 'threats' or the unilateral will of any party. (
  • Local news media and lawmakers report that the government plans to send a bill to Congress on Wednesday that would legalize marijuana sales as a crime-fighting measure. (
  • Create a smarter, more open government that taps into data intelligence to anticipate tomorrow's challenges. (
  • From procurement to core accounting and reporting functions, government leaders can securely access vital financial data anytime, anywhere. (
  • Adobe, like all hosted service providers, is required to disclose customer data when we receive valid legal process from a government agency with jurisdiction. (
  • We then notify our customer of the government request for their data after the DNO expires. (
  • All government requests for user data need to come through the front door (i.e., by serving valid legal process upon the appropriate Adobe legal department). (
  • Edge computing allows governments to collect, aggregate, analyze, and respond to sensor data almost immediately to meet operational goals in mobile and remote sites. (
  • I agree to the use of my personal data by Government Executive Media Group and its partners to serve me targeted ads. (
  • We'd like to hear your experiences driving decisions based on data in the government. (
  • It is intended as a reference volume for compilers of government finance statistics, fiscal analysts, and other users of fiscal data. (
  • We Brits muddled through the 19th and 20th centuries with an unwritten 'constitution', an amateur civil service, and part-time politicians who saw Parliament more as a club than a legislature and seat of government. (
  • A motion, brought by the main opposition Liberal Party and backed by two other opposition parties, declared the government was in contempt of parliament and had lost its confidence in a row centred on Mr Harper's budget plans. (
  • It is the first time that a Canadian government has been found in contempt of parliament. (
  • Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff had accused the government of having "stonewalled" parliament for four months on details of its core spending priorities, as well as breaking election laws. (
  • Italy's new pro-Europe government has won its final mandatory confidence vote in Parliament. (
  • ROME (AP) - Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte on Monday won the first of two mandatory confidence votes on his four-day-old coalition of rival parties, after a day of fielding insults during a boisterous Parliament session from an opposition outraged that Italy got a new government instead of a new election. (
  • Note: After May 6, 1986, state and local governments are not eligible to adopt Section 401(k) plans except for rural cooperatives and Indian tribal entities. (
  • TOKYO (AP) - Japan's relations with Taiwan are nongovernmental and practical and are based on Tokyo's recognition of China as the sole legitimate government, a top Japanese official said Friday, following Beijing's protest over a recent reference to the island as a country. (
  • This deck presents a range of models for thinking about digital government and its structure. (
  • These Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) provide general guidance about the Government Pension Offset (GPO). (
  • What is the Government Pension Offset (GPO)? (
  • Second , you are entitled to a government pension from that employment. (
  • A survivor annuity from your spouse's government pension. (
  • Under the GPO, the SSA reduces your dependent/survivor benefit by two-thirds of your government pension. (
  • In other words, the GPO lowers the dependent/survivor benefit by $2 for every $3 you receive from your government pension. (
  • If you believe RPI will always exceed CPI, the govt are effectively proposing to allow pension schemes to reduce the value of members' accrued benefits, not just future ones. (
  • This secret police force is known as the Government Mafia. (
  • The Government Mafia has been given access to classified surveillance, harassment, and directed energy weapons technology. (
  • The Government Mafia agents may even become friendly with the patsy. (
  • Government Mafia agents will typically find a person who can be easily manipulated. (
  • uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. (
  • And just as the Americans take government seriously (but dislike it), and we do not (but tolerate it, even have a sneaking soft spot for it), so for educating those who would work in it and researching how it works best. (
  • Here you will find the latest updates on funding received from Latvia and on our work with the Latvian government. (
  • Immigration rights specialist left government in October to work at progressive think tank. (
  • Spend some time with to learn the basics about getting health coverage. (
  • Don't get me wrong, it is a good business school and there's lots to learn from business that is useful for government. (
  • It's only in the small print, if anywhere, that you learn that it's not a required bill and the sender is not affiliated with any government agency. (
  • The strictures on dress were relatively mild compared to other recent measures taken by the eight-month-old Government to roll back Islamic influence in Turkey. (
  • On the other hand, patching together a new government will not be easy, and may take time that Turkey can ill afford. (
  • They want to be able to interact, engage and transact with their government - anytime, anywhere, from any device. (
  • In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary. (
  • Despite the concentration of power in the Communist party, the central government's control over the provinces and local governments is limited, and they are often able to act with relative impunity in many areas. (
  • We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. (
  • At worst, their letters, phone calls and emails trick you by pretending to have official government affiliation-and for their fees, they do nothing but collect personal information for identity theft. (
  • his report summarises the e-government context in Edinburgh, based on interviews with staff from the city, and identifies factors that they feel shape their local e-government context and their involvement in the Smart Cities project. (
  • The reportsallow project partners to review their local e-government context, and helpsus identify to common factors across project partners, along with areas ofdifference between partners. (
  • The main aspect of any philosophy of government is how political power is obtained, with the two main forms being electoral contest and hereditary succession. (
  • Governments create debt by issuing government bonds and bills. (
  • The crime committed by the secret government can be an assassination of a politician. (
  • Last week a key panel, the Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs, dominated by opposition MPs, recommended the government be held in contempt for failing to provide sufficient cost information on its plans for new prisons and fighter jets. (
  • Singh is facing a mutiny from populist members of his coalition, and prominent parties have already dropped out, raising concerns that the government could collapse. (
  • A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state. (
  • The term is commonly used to describe a government reform strategy which attempts to radically change the way people understand government, especially those working within government. (
  • Britain needs to start taking government -- understanding better how it works and how to improve it, educating people to run it -- as seriously as our American cousins. (
  • The secret government wishes to focus the American people s attention on the patsy s associations, which will be viewed as highly suspicious. (
  • Governments also commonly struggle with information sharing and communication among internal and external audiences. (
  • On Tuesday (Feb. 10) Yilmaz ordered his Government to crack down on state employees wearing Islamic dress. (