A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.
A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
The presence of four sets of chromosomes. It is associated with ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; and MISCARRAGES.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
A dimeric sesquiterpene found in cottonseed (GOSSYPIUM). The (-) isomer is active as a male contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS, MALE) whereas toxic symptoms are associated with the (+) isomer.
The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.
An organochlorine insecticide.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.
The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.
A plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are trees and shrubs having an elongated conelike floral axis with fragrant flowers that have six tepals (sepals and petals that are not distinctly different) and many spirally arranged stamens.
A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Bixa contains bixin. Cochlospermum contains arjunolic acid and gum kondagogu (POLYSACCHARIDES).
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)

GTPase activity and biochemical characterization of a recombinant cotton fiber annexin. (1/777)

A cDNA encoding annexin was isolated from a cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fiber cDNA library. The cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the resultant recombinant protein was purified. We then investigated some biochemical properties of the recombinant annexin based on the current understanding of plant annexins. An "add-back experiment" was performed to study the effect of the recombinant annexin on beta-glucan synthase activity, but no effect was found. However, it was found that the recombinant annexin could display ATPase/GTPase activities. The recombinant annexin showed much higher GTPase than ATPase activity. Mg2+ was essential for these activities, whereas a high concentration of Ca2+ was inhibitory. A photolabeling assay showed that this annexin could bind GTP more specifically than ATP. The GTP-binding site on the annexin was mapped into the carboxyl-terminal fourth repeat of annexin from the photolabeling experiment using domain-deletion mutants of this annexin. Northern-blot analysis showed that the annexin gene was highly expressed in the elongation stages of cotton fiber differentiation, suggesting a role of this annexin in cell elongation.  (+info)

A GroEL homologue from endosymbiotic bacteria of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci is implicated in the circulative transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl virus. (2/777)

Evidence for the involvement of a Bemisia tabaci GroEL homologue in the transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl geminivirus (TYLCV) is presented. A approximately 63-kDa protein was identified in B. tabaci whole-body extracts using an antiserum raised against aphid Buchnera GroEL. The GroEL homologue was immunolocalized to a coccoid-shaped whitefly endosymbiont. The 30 N-terminal amino acids of the whitefly GroEL homologue showed 80% homology with that from different aphid species and GroEL from Escherichia coli. Purified GroEL from B. tabaci exhibited ultrastructural similarities to that of the endosymbiont from aphids and E. coli. In vitro ligand assays showed that tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) particles displayed a specific affinity for the B. tabaci 63-kDa GroEL homologue. Feeding whiteflies anti-Buchnera GroEL antiserum before the acquisition of virions reduced TYLCV transmission to tomato test plants by >80%. In the haemolymph of these whiteflies, TYLCV DNA was reduced to amounts below the threshold of detection by Southern blot hybridization. Active antibodies were recovered from the insect haemolymph suggesting that by complexing the GoEL homologue, the antibody disturbed interaction with TYLCV, leading to degradation of the virus. We propose that GroEL of B. tabaci protects the virus from destruction during its passage through the haemolymph.  (+info)

Histological changes in the rat common carotid artery induced by aneurysmal wrapping and coating materials. (3/777)

Histological changes in and around the arterial walls of rats were investigated following topical application of aneurysmal wrapping and coating materials, including a fibrin glue, a cyanoacrylate glue (Biobond), and cotton fibers (Bemsheet). Bilateral common carotid arteries were exposed using sterile techniques, and one of the test materials was applied to the right artery. The left artery was used as the control. Changes in arterial histology were evaluated at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months after surgery. The fibrin glue was surrounded by intense inflammation at 2 weeks after surgery. Both the fibrin glue and inflammation had disappeared at 2 months, but the glue had induced mild inflammation in the adventitia. Biobond caused chronic inflammation, necrosis of the media, and thickening of the arterial wall due to fibrosis in both the media and adventitia. Bemsheet produced chronic inflammation, progressive fibrosis, and granuloma. Connective tissue increased in the adventitia, but no major changes were observed in the media. The Bemsheet fibers remained unchanged, and adhered to the arterial wall. Although arterial stenoses were not observed in the present study, the results suggest that cyanoacrylate glue can cause the arterial occlusive lesions observed following aneurysm surgery.  (+info)

Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods. (4/777)

Laboratory and room-scale experiments were conducted with natural and synthetic polymers: cotton, paper, wood, wool, acetate, acrylic, nylon, and urethane. Smoke and off-gases from single materials were generated in a dual-compartment 110-liter exposure chamber. Multicomponent, composite fuel loads were burned within a 100 m(3) facility subdivided into rooms. In chamber experiments, mortality depended on the amount of material burned, i.e., fuel consumption (FC). Conventional dose (FC)/mortality curves were obtained, and the amount of fuel required to produce 50% mortality (FC(50)) was calculated. With simple flame ignition, cotton was the only material that produced smoke concentrations lethal to rats; FC(50) values for cotton ranged from 2 g to 9 g, depending on the configuration of the cotton sample burned. When supplemental conductive heat was added to flame ignition, the following FC(50) values were obtained; nylon, 7 g; acrylic, 8 g; newsprint, 9 g; cotton, 10 g; and wood, 11 g. Mortality resulting from any given material depended upon the specific conditions employed for its thermal decomposition. Toxicity of off-gasses from pyrolysis of phosphorus-containing trimethylol propane-polyurethane foams was markedly decreased by addition of a flame ignition source. Further studies are needed to determine the possible relevance of single-material laboratory scale smoke toxicity experiments. Room-scale burns were conducted to assess the relative contributions of single materials to toxicity of smoke produced by a multicomponent self-perpetuating fire. Preliminary results suggest that this approach permits a realistic evaluation of the contribution of single materials to the toxicity of smoke from residential fires.  (+info)

Low levels of nucleotide diversity at homoeologous Adh loci in allotetraploid cotton (Gossypium L.). (5/777)

Levels of genetic diversity within and among populations and species are shaped by both external (population-level) and internal (genomic and genic) evolutionary forces. To address the effect of internal pressures, we estimated nucleotide diversity for a pair of homoeologous Adh loci in an allotetraploid species, Gossypium hirsutum. These data represent the first such estimates for a pair of homoeologous nuclear loci in plants. Estimates of nucleotide diversity for AdhA in Gossypium are lower than those for any plant nuclear gene yet described. This low diversity appears to reflect primarily a history of repeated, severe genetic bottlenecks associated with both speciation and recent domestication, supplemented by an unusually slow nucleotide substitution rate and an autogamous breeding system. While not statistically supportable, the sum of the observations also suggest differential evolutionary dynamics at each of the homoeologous loci.  (+info)

Identification of a novel circular single-stranded DNA associated with cotton leaf curl disease in Pakistan. (6/777)

Recent reports have suggested that cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV), a geminivirus of the genus Begomovirus, may be responsible for cotton leaf curl disease in Pakistan. However, the causal agent of the disease remains unclear as CLCuV genomic components resembling begomovirus DNA A are unable to induce typical disease symptoms when reintroduced into plants. All attempts to isolate a genomic component equivalent to begomovirus DNA B have been unsuccessful. Here, we describe the isolation and characterisation of a novel circular single-stranded (ss) DNA associated with naturally infected cotton plants. In addition to a component resembling DNA A, purified geminate particles contain a smaller unrelated ssDNA that we refer to as DNA 1. DNA 1 was cloned from double-stranded replicative form of the viral DNA isolated from infected cotton plants. Blot hybridisation using probes specific for either CLCuV DNA or DNA 1 was used to demonstrate that both DNAs co-infect naturally infected cotton plants from different geographical locations. DNA 1 was detected in viruliferous Bemisia tabaci and in tobacco plants infected under laboratory conditions using B. tabaci, indicating that it is transmitted by whiteflies. Sequence analysis showed that DNA 1 is approximately half the size of CLCuV DNA but shares no homology, indicating that it is not a defective geminivirus component. DNA 1 has some homology to a genomic component of members of Nanoviridae, a family of DNA viruses that are normally transmitted by aphids or planthoppers. DNA 1 encodes a homologue of the nanovirus replication-associated protein (Rep) and has the capacity to autonomously replicate in tobacco. The data suggest that a nanovirus-like DNA has become whitefly-transmissible as a result of its association with a geminivirus and that cotton leaf curl disease may result from a mutually dependent relationship that has developed between members of two distinct DNA virus families that share a similar replication strategy.  (+info)

Gene-specific changes in alpha-tubulin transcript accumulation in developing cotton fibers. (7/777)

The fibers of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) are single-cell trichomes that undergo rapid and synchronous elongation. Cortical microtubules provide spatial information necessary for the alignment of cellulose microfibrils that confine and regulate cell elongation. We used gene-specific probes to investigate alpha-tubulin transcript levels in elongating cotton fibers. Two discrete patterns of transcript accumulation were observed. Whereas transcripts of alpha-tubulin genes GhTua2/3 and GhTua4 increased in abundance from 10 to 20 d post anthesis (DPA), GhTua1 and GhTua5 transcripts were abundant only through to 14 DPA, and dropped significantly at 16 DPA with the onset of secondary wall synthesis. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of gene-specific changes in tubulin transcript levels during the development of a terminally differentiated plant cell. The decrease in abundance of GhTua1 and GhTua5 transcripts was correlated with pronounced changes in cell wall structure, suggesting that alpha-tubulin isoforms may be functionally distinct in elongating fiber cells. Although total alpha-tubulin transcript levels were much higher in fiber than several other tissues, including the hypocotyl and pollen, none of the alpha-tubulins was specific to fiber cells.  (+info)

Respiratory symptoms in Lancashire textile weavers. (8/777)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate a large population of cotton textile weavers for reported respiratory symptoms relative to occupational factors, smoking, and exposure to dust. Cotton processing is known to produce a respiratory disease known as byssinosis particularly in the early processes of cotton spinning. Relatively little is known about the respiratory health of the cotton weavers who produce cloth from spun cotton. By the time cotton is woven many of the original contaminants have been removed. METHODS: 1295 operatives from a target population of 1428 were given an interviewer led respiratory questionnaire. The presence of upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms were sought and the work relatedness of these symptoms determined by a stem questionnaire design. Also occupational and demographic details were obtained and spirometry and personal dust sampling performed. RESULTS: Byssinosis was present in only four people (0.3%). Chronic bronchitis had a moderate overall prevalence of about 6% and was related predominantly to smoking. There were several other work related respiratory symptoms (persistent cough 3.9%, chronic production of phlegm 3.6%, chest tightness 4.8%, wheezing 5.4%, and breathlessness 2.3%). All of these were predicted predominantly by smoking (either past or present), with no consistent independent effect of exposure to dust. Work related eye and nasal symptoms were more common (10.4% and 16.9% respectively). CONCLUSION: Byssinosis is a rare respiratory symptom in cotton weaving. Other work related respiratory symptoms were reported but their presence was predominantly related to smoking with no consistent effects of exposure to dust.  (+info)

Define Gossypium barbadense. Gossypium barbadense synonyms, Gossypium barbadense pronunciation, Gossypium barbadense translation, English dictionary definition of Gossypium barbadense. Noun 1. Gossypium barbadense - small bushy tree grown on islands of the Caribbean and off the Atlantic coast of the southern United States; yields cotton...
Understanding the evolutionary genetics of modern crop phenotypes has a dual relevance to evolutionary biology and crop improvement. Modern upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was developed following thousands of years of artificial selection from a wild form, G. hirsutum var. yucatanense, which bears a shorter, sparser, layer of single-celled, ovular trichomes (fibre). In order to gain an insight into the nature of the developmental genetic transformations that accompanied domestication and crop improvement, we studied the transcriptomes of cotton fibres from wild and domesticated accessions over a developmental time course. Fibre cells were harvested between 2 and 25 days post-anthesis and encompassed the primary and secondary wall synthesis stages. Using amplified messenger RNA and a custom microarray platform designed to interrogate expression for 40,430 genes, we determined global patterns of expression during fibre development. The fibre transcriptome of domesticated cotton is far more dynamic
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are conserved signal transduction pathways in all eukaryotic organisms. MAPKKKs (MAPK kinase kinases) operate at the top levels of these cascades. Recently, this family of genes has been systematically investigated in Arabidopsis, rice and maize, but has not yet been characterized in cotton. In this study, we identified 78 putative MAPKKK genes in the genome of the diploid cotton, Gossypium raimondii. They were classified into three subfamilies, of which 12 were ZIK, 22 were MEKK and 44 were Raf. The ZIK and MEKK genes displayed a scattered genomic distribution across 11 of the 13 chromosomes, whereas Raf genes were distributed across the entire genome. Their conserved patterns observed for introns and additional domains were consistent with the evolutionary relationships inferred from the phylogenetic analysis within subfamily. Transcriptome sequencing data were used to investigate their transcript profiles in mature leaves, 0 day and 3 days post
Measurement or estimation of leaf area is essential for understanding crop responses to experimental treatments. The objective of this study was to develop regression models for estimating leaf area of field-grown cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) from measurements of leaf dry weight (LDW), vegetative components (stems and leaves) dry weight (VDW) and plant height (PH). Three cotton cultivars (Deltapine 25, Sahel and Siokra 324) with different leaf morphologies were grown under varying growth conditions created by four different planting dates in a temperate sub-humid environment (Gorgan, Iran). Leaf area, LDW, VDW and PH were measured at one month after emergence, squaring, flowering, bolling, boll opening and second harvest. Data set for validation was collected during growing season of 2003 in different experiments. Measured leaf area ranged from 170 to 8167 cm2 plant -1. Different regression models were examined for describing leaf area relationships to LDW, VDW and PH. It was found that the power
Genome sequence plays an important role both in basic and applied studies. Gossypium raimondii, the putative contributor of the D subgenome of Upland cotton (G. hirsutum), highlights the need to improve the genome quality in a rapid and efficient way. Here, we performed Hi-C ...
Weeds burden plant growth as they compete for space, sunlight, and soil nutrients leading to 25-80% yield losses. Glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] is a widely used broad spectrum non-selective herbicide that controls weeds by inhibiting 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) enzyme and interfering with the shikimate biosynthesis pathway. Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is one of the most important commercial crops grown worldwide for its fiber. We have developed herbicide tolerant transgenic cotton (cv. P8-6) by introgression of a codon-optimized and modified EPSPS gene (CP4-EPSPS) possessing an N-terminal chloroplast targeting peptide from Petunia hybrida. Because of the recalcitrant nature of cotton, a genotype-independent non-tissue culture-based apical meristem-targeted in planta transformation approach was used to develop transformants. Although in planta transformation methodologies are advantageous in developing a large number of transgenic plants, effective screening
The invention relates to the novel cotton variety designated 04T048. Provided by the invention are the seeds, plants, plant parts and derivatives of the cotton variety 04T048. Also provided by the invention are tissue cultures of the cotton variety 04T048 and the plants regenerated therefrom. Still further provided by the invention are methods for producing cotton plants by crossing the cotton variety 04T048 with itself or another cotton variety and plants produced by such methods.
Define Gossypium. Gossypium synonyms, Gossypium pronunciation, Gossypium translation, English dictionary definition of Gossypium. Noun 1. Gossypium - herbs and shrubs and small trees: cotton genus Gossypium dilleniid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced dicotyledonous trees and...
Robust information of genetic diversity among Bt cotton genotypes is still lacking and availability of several marker systems has prompted us to compare their utility for the detection of genetic diversity. Here, we report the comparative efficiency of morphological and molecular markers (EST-SSRs and ISSRs) in determining the genetic diversity among 30 Pakistani Bt cotton genotypes. Three different dendrograms based on 20 EST-SSRs, 13 ISSRs and 20 morphological markers divided the 30 Bt cotton genotypes into five, six, and three clusters, respectively. EST-SSRs and ISSRs revealed 0.73-1.00 and 0.77-0.97 genetics similarity among Bt cotton genotypes which indicated low level of genetic diversity. Further population structure analysis showed extensive allelic admixture among Bt cotton cultivars and identified three (EST-SSRs) and six (ISSRs) subgroups. The MGHES-31 (EST-SSRs) and UBC-807 and UBC-815 (ISSRs) showed maximum values of Polymorphic Information Contents(PIC) and Dj and had low value of Cj. The
ESTATE CROPS NEWS - Cotton production areas in Indonesia are arable land with lack of water availability. The aim of this study was to obtain cotton lines tolerant to drought using PEG-6000 at germination stage. The experiment was conducted at the Seed Testing Laboratory in Indonesian Sweetener and Fiber Crops Research Institute, from April to June 2012.. Treatments were arranged in a Split Plots design with two replications. The main plot was PEG-6000 (-3 bar) and without PEG-6000 (water), while the subplot was 13 cotton lines and Kanesia 14 variety. Seed cotton was treated with 80% Mancozeb fungicide dose of 2g/kg seed before sowing. Parameters observed were germination percentage, shoot and root length, shoot and root weight, ratio of root/shoot length, and drought susceptibility index. Seedling was counted as normal if its length more than 0.5 cm. PEG-6000 treatment gives very significant effect on the decline on seed germination, shoot and root length, shoot and root weight. Otherwise, ...
Cotton is the worlds primary fiber crop and is a major agricultural commodity in over 30 countries. Like many other global commodities, sustainable cotton production is challenged by restricted natural resources. In response to the anticipated increase of agricultural water demand, a major research direction involves developing crops that use less water or that use water more efficiently. In this study, our objective was to identify differentially expressed genes in response to water deficit stress in cotton. A global expression analysis using cDNA-Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism was conducted to compare root and leaf gene expression profiles from a putative drought resistant cotton cultivar grown under water deficit stressed and well watered field conditions. We identified a total of 519 differentially expressed transcript derived fragments. Of these, 147 transcript derived fragment sequences were functionally annotated according to their gene ontology. Nearly 70 percent of transcript derived
A chromosome-specific recombinant inbred line (CS-B05shRIL) population was created from a cross of TM-1, the genetic standard line of Gossypium hirsutum L., and CS-B05sh, a previously released interspecific chromosome substitution line in which all of the chromosome pairs are genetically similar to those of TM-1, except for the short arm of chromosome 5, which is substituted from 3-79 (G. barbadense L.). Four of the fifty CS-B05shRILs were selected and released on the basis of their improved elongation ranging from 7.37 to 7.84%. The four selected RILs are identified as CS-B05shRIL-93 (Reg. No. GP-1014, PI 677339), CS-B05shRIL-68 (Reg. No. GP-1013, PI 677337), CS-B05shRIL-66 (Reg. No. GP-1012, PI 677336), and CS-B05shRIL-10 (Reg. No. GP-1011, PI 677334).The fiber properties among the CS-B05ShRILs were compared with those of commercial cultivars DP 393 and PHY 370 WR, which had elongations of 6.86 and 6.25%. Commercial lines performed better for agronomic traits than the released lines. Fiber ...
Cotton varieties expressing Cry proteins derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are grown worldwide for the management of pest Lepidoptera. To prevent non-target pest outbreaks and to retain the biological control function provided by predators and parasitoids, the potential risk that Bt crops may pose to non-target arthropods is addressed prior to their commercialization. Aphids play an important role in agricultural systems since they serve as prey or host to a number of predators and parasitoids and their honeydew is an important energy source for several arthropods. To explore possible indirect effects of Bt crops we here examined the impact of Bt cotton on aphids and their honeydew. In climate chambers we assessed the performance of cotton aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) when grown on three Indian Bt (Cry1Ac) cotton varieties (MECH 12, MECH 162, MECH 184) and their non-transformed near isolines. Furthermore, we examined whether aphids pick up the Bt
Drought stress is one of the major abiotic factors affecting crop growth and limiting production worldwide. Cotton genotypes vary in drought tolerance, and the effects of drought stress on the anatomy and physiology of cotton leaves and roots have been reported. However, information on physiological and metabolic processes of leaves and flowers of modern cotton cultivars under water-deficit stress during reproductive development is not well elucidated. It was hypothesized that water-deficit stress during squaring and flowering stages would impair stomatal conductance and photosynthetic efficiency of leaves, which consequently would result in osmotic adjustment through accumulation of compatible solutes, increased activity of enzymes, and perturbation of carbohydrates metabolism in leaves and flowers of cotton plants, and differences in drought tolerance among the genotypes would exist. Therefore, field and growth room experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of water-deficit stress during
Non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) had been previously isolated from cotton fiber but their functions were unclear so far. Bioinformatic analysis of the tetraploid cotton genome database identified 138 nsLTP genes, falling into the 11 groups as reported previously. Different from Arabidopsis, cacao, and other crops, cotton type XI genes were considerably expanded and diverged earlier on chromosome At11, Dt11, and Dt08. Corresponding to the type XI genes, the type XI proteins (GhLtpXIs) all contained an extra N-terminal cap resulting in larger molecular weight. The research revealed that the expression of type XI genes was dramatically increased in fibers of tetraploid cotton compared with the two diploid progenitors. High-level of GhLtpXIs expression was observed in long-fibered cotton cultivars during fiber elongation. Ectopic expression of GhLtpXIs in Arabidopsis significantly enhanced trichome length, suggesting that GhLtpXIs promoted fiber elongation. Overall, the findings of this
A stain-clearing method, which facilitated the analysis of large numbers of ovules, was developed using methyl salicylate (MS) and azure C, and used with real-time video imaging and image capture. The ability to modulate contrast and illumination intensity using video made it feasible to reduce stain intensity and thus light interference from the specimen. Samples stained and cleared were used as whole mounts which allowed the specimen to be oriented for precise analysis. Of 440 semigamous zygotes examined 439 had one egg and one sperm nucleus resulting from syngamy without karyogamy indicating semigamy is completely expressed. All phenotypes observed in semigamous cotton seedlings appear to arise as products of zygote division. Haploid and tetraploid sectors may result from relative spindle positions, orientation, and the tendency for nearby telophase chromosomes to form a common nucleus. Semigamous endosperm nuclei are triploid, but fusion was never observed. Endosperm may be a result of ...
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The glycogen synthase kinase 3/shaggy kinase (GSK3) is a serine/threonine kinase with important roles in animals. Although GSK3 genes have been studied for more than 30 years, plant GSK genes have been studied only since the last decade. Previous research has confirmed that plant GSK genes are involved in diverse processes, including floral development, brassinosteroid signaling, and responses to abiotic stresses. In this study, 20, 15 (including 5 different transcripts) and 10 GSK genes were identified in G. hirsutum, G. raimondii and G. arboreum, respectively. A total of 65 genes from Arabidopsis, rice, and cotton were classified into 4 clades. High similarities were found in GSK3 protein sequences, conserved motifs, and gene structures, as well as good concordance in gene pairwise comparisons (G. hirsutum vs. G. arboreum, G. hirsutum vs. G. raimondii, and G. arboreum vs. G. raimondii) were observed. Whole genome duplication (WGD) within At and Dt sub-genomes has been central to the expansion of the
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Due to fast spread of genetically modified (GM) Bt-cotton, organic farmers in India were suddenly exposed to a severe shortage of non-GM seed threatening the organic cotton production. Therefore, organic cotton grower organisations got engaged in decentralized participatory cotton breeding to develop their own locally adapted cultivars and to reintroduce the traditional more robust Desi cotton species. By engaging and training advisors and farmers using participatory methods, they became researchers and breeders. The close collaboration with the textile industry ensures that the market demand is also met. Training of male and female farmers in cultivar selection and seed propagation made them independent from global seed companies. Participatory breeding is an important tool to get prepared for future challenges like climate change and at the same time strengthens the relationship along the value chain. The project can serve as a successful model for other organisations and crops. ...
Brako, L. and Zarucchi, J.L. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: 1-1286.. CDC (Centro de Datos para la Conservación). 1998. Estado de conservación de Puya raimondii (Harms): evaluación y sugerencias para un plan de acción. CDC-Bolivia (Centro de Datos para la Conservación/TROPICO), La Paz.. Fjeldså, J. and Kessler, M. 1996. Conserving the biological diversity of Polylepis woodlands of the highland of Peru and Bolivia. NORDECO, Copenhagen.. Givnish, T.J. Millam, K.C., Evans, T.M., Hall, J.C., Pires, J.C., Berry, P.E. and Sytsma, K.J. 2004. Ancient vicariance or recent long distance dispersal? Inferences about phylogeny and South American - African disjunction in Rapateaceae and Bromeliaceae based on n dhF sequence data. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: S35-S54.. Hartmann, O. 1981. Puya raimondii cada vez son menos. Boletín de Lima 10: 79-83.. Horres, R., Zizka, G., Kahl, G. and ...
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I had a reader send me this experience, stressing the importance of using organically grown cotton roots. I am writing concerning your section on cotton root bark. (I am writing from my friends e-mail account, Im not actually male. :) ) In any case, I would like to add a strong prohibition on using cotton root bark from standard agricultural sources (chemical laden farming, as you had written). I live in Memphis, directly across the Mississippi from the cotton fields of Arkansas. Three years ago I became very frightened of pregnancy, having had irresponsible sex during my fertile time. I read up in my herbal books, trucked myself over to Arkansas and dug roots. I peeled roots for an hour and made a mild tea because I had no dosage knowledge and began with the very smallest amount of root I could snip away. Within an hour I had cold chills, shakes, and I had my period two days later. This may *seem* like success, but during the time I was in my comforter with the chills and shaking I was *very ...
Cultivated Upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., is a partially diploidized allotetraploid species with relatively low levels of genetic diversity. Genetic gain through traditional breeding approaches is thus impeded. The wild species of the primary and secondary gene pools of cotton are approachable sources of agronomic traits of interest, but biological, cytogenetic, genetic and reproductive incompatibilities can impede progress. Genomic markers can alleviate certain difficulties, and expedite selective transfer of exotic species germplasm into one or more elite genotypes of a crop species. Coordinated development of Chromosome Segment Substitution Lines (CSSLs) using markers can in principle lead to complete representation of an alien genome in a cultivated crop. Co-released with the CottonSNP63K Array, a BeadChip array for high-throughput genotyping of cotton, was a cluster file designed to facilitate automated genotype-calling germplasm from the primary genepool. Reported here is a new ...
The international research team led by Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and BGI have completed the genome sequence and analysis of a diploid cotton- Gossypium raimondii. The cotton genome provides an invaluable ...
Cotton Plant, Cotton Root Bark, Cotonnier, Gossypium Album (Ham.), Short Staple, Gossypium Nigrum, Ham., Sea Island cotton.. ...
Virescence, as a recognizable phenotype in the early development stage of cotton, is not only available for research on chloroplast development and photosynthesis but also for heterosis exploitation in cotton. In current study, for fine mapping of virescent-1 (v1) in cotton, three populations with a total of 5 678 individuals were constructed using T582 which has the virescent trait. Tobacco rattle virus, TRV1 and TRV2 (pYL156), were used as vectors for the virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) assay. The v1 gene was fine-mapped to a 20 kb interval on chromosome 20 of tetraploid cotton. We identified only one candidate gene with four single nucleotide polymorphisms between parents, among which the single nucleotide polymorphism at the position of 1 082 base pair caused the change of amino acid residue from Arg (3-79) to Lys (T582). The relative expression of the candidate gene in virescent plants was extensively lower than that in normal plants. Nullification of the gene by VIGS significantly turned the
Abstract (provisional) Background Cotton is the worlds most important natural textile fiber and a significant oilseed crop. Decoding cotton genomes will provide the ultimate reference and resource for research and utilization of the species. Integration of high-density genetic maps with genomic sequence information will largely accelerate the process of whole-genome assembly in cotton. Results In this paper, we update a high-density interspecific genetic linkage map of allotetraploid cultivated cotton. An additional 1,167 marker loci have been added to our previously published map of 2,247 loci. Three new marker types, InDel (insertion-deletion) and SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) developed from gene information, and REMAP (retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism), were used to increase map density. The updated map consists of 3,414 loci in 26 linkage groups covering 3,667.62 cM with an average inter-locus distance of 1.08 cM. Furthermore, genome-wide sequence analysis was
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Cotton Leaf Curl Disease is among the most destroying viral catastrophe that causes tremendous loss to cotton yield particularly in Pakistan during the past 20
Interpretive Summary: A comparison of P and Q strains of Trichoderma virens for efficacy as biocontrol agents of cotton seedling diseases showed that Q strains gave good control while P strains did not. Tests in non pathogen-infested soil with P and Q strain treated seeds, showed that P strains were pathogenic to susceptible cotton cultivars, while Q strains were not. Assays of the strains for phytotoxin production, lytic enzyme activity, metabolism of pathogen germination stimulants, and induction of fungitoxic compounds in cotton roots, showed that both P and Q strains were the same, except for induction of fungitoxins. The results showed that Q strains induced high levels of fungitoxins in cotton roots, while P strains did not. These data indicate that while both groups are weak pathogens of cotton, induction of fungitoxins by the Q strains inhibits their further development in the plant, while failure of the P strains to induce phytotoxins in the roots allows them ...
Knowledge of the inheritance of disease resistance and genomic regions housing resistance (R) genes is essential to prevent expanding pathogen threats such as Fusarium wilt [Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (FOV) Atk. Sny & Hans] in cotton (Gossypium spp.). We conducted a comprehensive study combining conventional inheritance, genetic and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping, QTL marker-sequence composition, and genome sequencing to examine the distribution, structure and organization of disease R genes to race 1 of FOV in the cotton genome. Molecular markers were applied to F(2) and recombinant inbred line (RIL) interspecific mapping populations from the crosses Pima-S7 (G. barbadense L.) × Acala NemX (G. hirsutum L.) and Upland TM-1 (G. hirsutum) × Pima 3-79 (G. barbadense), respectively. Three greenhouse tests and one field test were used to obtain sequential estimates of severity index (DSI) of leaves, and vascular stem and root staining (VRS). A single resistance gene model was ...
Topics: Evolutionary Biology, Ecology, Plant Biology, Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified, cotton aphid management strategies, 3- year survey, aphid-parasitoid interactions, aphid parasitoids, parasitoid community-associated assemblage, Xinjiang cotton fields, parasitism levels, parasitoid species, cotton fields, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, cotton seedling period ...
The Gossypium hirsutum cv. Liaomian No. 9 were mutagenized by 60Co γ ray, from which the mutant line Zhonghuzhi PI 935 (be called PI 935 for short) was bred by family selection method. The PI 935 not only has some good traits (growing period, drought tolerance, lint color and fiber quality) similar to the original cultivar, but also has higher lint outturn and lint yield than that of the Liaomian No. 9. The PI 935 has been identified and regional tested in nine places times for four years in the southern Xinjiang Weiwuer autonomous region. It was shown that the PI 935 had the higher lint outturn for the average 47.3 % was ten-point percentage more than that of the check cultivars (Junmian No. 1 or Xinluzhong No. 5 ) , the similar lint yield by and large and the growing period by five days later than that of the checks. The PI 935 was collected in the National Bank of Crop Germplasm (u-nified No. ZM 114274 and named Zhonghuzhi PI 935).
L. Lin, Pierce, G. J., Bowers, J. E., Estill, J. C., Compton, R. O., Rainville, L. K., Kim, C., Lemke, C., Rong, J., and Tang, H., A draft physical map of a D-genome cotton species (Gossypium raimondii), BMC genomics, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 395, 2010. ...
L. Lin, Pierce, G. J., Bowers, J. E., Estill, J. C., Compton, R. O., Rainville, L. K., Kim, C., Lemke, C., Rong, J., and Tang, H., A draft physical map of a D-genome cotton species (Gossypium raimondii), BMC genomics, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 395, 2010. ...
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds. The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile. The use of cotton for fabric is known to date to prehistoric times; fragments of cotton fabric dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and between 6000 BC and 5000 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization. Although cultivated since antiquity, it was the invention of the cotton gin that lowered the cost of production that led ...
Description: Plant architecture is an important agronomic trait driven by meristematic activities. Indeterminate meristems set repeating phytomers while determinate meristems produce terminal structures. The centroradialis/terminal flower1/self pruning (CETS) gene family modulates architecture by controlling determinate and indeterminate growth. Cotton (G. hirsutum) is naturally a photoperiodic perennial cultivated as a day-neutral annual. Management of this fiber crop is complicated by continued vegetative growth and asynchronous fruit set. Here, cotton CETS genes are phylogenetically and functionally characterized. We identified eight CETS genes in diploid cotton (G. raimondii and G. arboreum) and sixteen in tetraploid G. hirsutum that grouped within the three generally accepted CETS clades: flowering locus T (FT)-like, terminal flower1/self pruning (TFL1/SP)-like, and mother of FT and TFL1 (MFT)-like. Over-expression of single flower truss (GhSFT), the ortholog to Arabidopsis FT, accelerates ...
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If GE cotton fields are not soaked with insecticides and non-GE cotton fields are soaked with insecticides, the GE cotton fields will have more living insects of all types. This is kind of obvious. The null hypothesis is what happens when you compare insect populations on GE and non-GE cotton fields without any application of any insecticides on either field. This is a classic example of the experimenter putting his thumb on the butchers scale and then getting exactly the result they predicted. It is not science; it is marketing.. ...
In the scope of our ongoing researchers on antioxidant compounds, twenty four extracts and fractions obtained from Piper arboreum Aublet and Piper tuberculatum Jacq. (Piperaceae) were screened for radical scavenging capacity (RSC) by using DPPH colorimetric assay. The strongest activity was found in ethyl acetate fractions from the leaves of P. arboreum (IC50 = 5.70 μg/mL) and P. tuberculatum (IC50 = 8.40 μg/mL). Hydromethanol fractions of the leaves of P. tuberculatum and P. arboreum showed moderate RSC, with values of IC50 (μg/mL) of 11.9 and 19.2, respectively. Additionally, a brief phytochemical study of the ethyl acetate fraction of P. arboreum leaves affording quercetin (1) and quercitrin (2), two flavonols with antioxidant activity previously described in the literature ...
Jasmonic acid (JA) signaling has been well studied in Arabidopsis. Most reports focus on the role of JA in biological pathways, such as stress resistance, trichome initiation and anthocyanin accumulation. The JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) protein is one of the important repressors in the JA signaling pathway. Previous studies showed that JA functions in fiber initiation and elongation, but little is known about how JAZ genes function in fiber development. In this study, a cotton JAZ protein (GhJAZ2) containing a highly conserved TIFY motif and a C-terminal Jas domain was identified, and its function during cotton fiber development was analysed. Gene expression analysis showed that GhJAZ2 was preferentially expressed in the root, hypocotyl, flower and ovule 1 day before anthesis. Overexpression of GhJAZ2 inhibited both lint and fuzz fiber initiation, and reduced the fiber length. Yeast two-hybrid assays showed that GhJAZ2 interacted with the R2R3-MYB transcription factors GhMYB25-like and GhGL1, the bHLH
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Additional file 6 of Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic basis of fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
Aphis gossypii Glover is a major pest of cotton and can severely affect cotton yield and lint quality. In this study, the efficacy of sulfoxaflor applied via drip irrigation and foliar spray on controlling cotton aphids was evaluated in 2016 and 2017 in Xinjiang, China. The distribution of sulfoxaflor in cotton roots, stems, leaves, and aphids, as well as its effects on two natural enemies of aphids, were also investigated. Results showed that sulfoxaflor applied through drip irrigation mainly concentrated in leaves and provided effective control of cotton aphids for 40 days, compared to 20 days when applied through foliar spray. Furthermore, drip application resulted in much lower sulfoxaflor concentrations in aphids than foliar spray. As a result, ladybird beetle and lacewing populations were higher in drip applied plants than in foliar sprayed plants. Additionally, the cost of drip irrigation was lower than foliar spray as cotton plants are commonly irrigated via drip irrigation in Xinjiang. Our
Drought is a major environmental stress that reduces cotton yield and fiber quality. Due to the inherent difficulties of studying fiber tissue and the lack of markers to monitor the fiber development, little is known about the molecular processes that are critical to the formation of high quality fiber and the association of these processes with drought tolerance in cotton (their performance under drought). In 2011-2012, we studied the impacts of drought on fiber development and fiber quality traits, using transgenic cotton plants harboring a cellulose synthase A1 (CesA1) genepromoter and a GUS reporter construct. CesA1 is a critical gene for fiber secondary cell wall development. This promoter-reporter system allows us to monitor molecular changes inside fiber cell during fiber development. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and other instruments were employed to examine structural changes of fiber cell during secondary cell wall synthesis. Fiber quality traits of mature fibers were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Viability and germination of seeds of Puya raimondii Harms (Bromeliaceae). AU - Vadillo, Giovana. AU - Suni, Mery. AU - Cano, Asunción. PY - 2004/1/1. Y1 - 2004/1/1. N2 - Puya raimondii Harms is an endemic species of the highlands of Peru and Bolivia between 3200 to 4800 m of altitude with noticeable great size and beauty. It is considered threatened species; therefore it is urgent to know the factors that affect its viability and germination of their seeds; aspects focused work presently. The seeds were collected in 1999 and 2000 in Huashta Cruz (Pueblo Libre, Ancash, Peru) and they classified as lots (considering their origin and appearance). They were determined their moisture content and the viability (quality). By means of germination tests, it was evaluated in 5 lots the effect of the light and temperature. The seeds presented different viability which depended on the conditions they were exposed in situ and that it is correlated inversely with its content of humidity, ...
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of cotton fibers harvested at different stages of development were acquired using Universal Attenuated Total Reflectance FTIR (UATR-FTIR). The main goal of the study was to monitor cell wall changes occurring during different phases of cotton fiber development. Two cultivars of Gossypium hirsutum L. were planted in a greenhouse (Texas Marker-1 and TX55). O ...
Presented by M di-T. GOSSYPIUM.. Gossypium herbaceum, L. (include G. album, Ham., short staple, and G. nigrum, Ham., Sea Island cotton).. Natural order, Malvace . Common name, Cotton plant.. Preparation, Tincture of the root.. Authority. Dr. W. Williamson; proving by a lady (dose not mentioned); Hahnemannian Monthly, 4, 315.. MIND. ► Uneasiness and anxiety, with sighing.. HEAD. ► Pain, first drawing, then stinging, extending from both temporal bones to middle of frontal bone. ► Stinging pain in head, going from forehead to vertex. ► Knocking pain in right parietal bone.. EYE. ► Drawing pain over the eyes, with stinging pain in the pupils.. NOSE. ► Both nostrils swollen and inflamed, the left one most.. MOUTH. ► Taste of bad (rotten) eggs (similar to the taste produced by large doses of Hepar. sulph., and is that of sulphuretted hydrogen); better after breakfast.. THROAT. ► Tonsils much swollen, the right one most.. STOMACH. ► Nausea, with accumulation of saliva in mouth. ...
In this study, waste cotton fabric was used as cellulose raw material and pretreated in aqueous NaOH/urea solution system to investigate the effect of NaOH/urea pretreatment solution on the hydrolysis of cotton fiber. The cotton fiber was pretreated with different conditions of aqueous NaOH/urea solution, and the pretreated cotton fiber was hydrolyzed under the same conditions as the original cotton fiber. The results of characterization analysis showed that water retention value of pretreated cotton fiber was higher than that of unpretreated sample. Moreover, the cotton fiber presented both a convoluted structure and a coarser surface, XRD results suggested that the crystallinity degree of cellulose decreased dramatically, more cellulose II appeared, and the hydrogen bond is broken. Among the different pretreatment conditions, the pretreatment effect was the best when the reaction temperature was 0°C, the solid-liquid ratio was 2:50, and the NaOH/urea ratio was 7:12. The hydrolysis
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Oxydendrum arboreum, commonly called sourwood or sorrel tree, is a deciduous understory tree that is native to the eastern United States from Pennsylvania south to Florida and Louisiana. It is perhaps most commonly found on rocky wooded slopes in the Appalachian Mountains, often growing in combination with other heath family members (e.g., azaleas and rhododendrons) that share the same acidic soil preferences. In cultivation, it typically grows 20-25 tall with a straight, slender trunk and narrow oblong crown. In the wild, it may reach 50-60 tall. Gray bark on mature trees is fissured, ridged and scaly. Finely-toothed, glossy green leaves (to 5-8 long) are reminiscent of peach. Leaves have a sour taste, hence the common name. Leaves produce consistently excellent fall color, typically turning crimson red. Waxy, lily-of-the-valley-like, white flowers bloom on slender, drooping, one-sided terminal panicles (4-8 long) in early summer. Flowers have a slight fragrance. Flower panicle stems ...
Rhododendron arboreum, traditionally used as a folk remedy by the people of North-East India was investigated for its effects on apoptotic induction and cell c...
Cottonseed oil is a cooking oil extracted from the seeds of cotton plants of various species, mainly Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium herbaceum, that are grown for cotton fiber, animal feed, and oil. Cotton seed has a similar structure to other oilseeds such as sunflower seed, having an oil-bearing kernel surrounded by a hard outer hull; in processing, the oil is extracted from the kernel. Cottonseed oil is used for salad oil, mayonnaise, salad dressing, and similar products because of its flavor stability. Its fatty acid profile generally consists of 70% unsaturated fatty acids (18% monounsaturated, and 52% polyunsaturated), 26% saturated fatty acids. When it is fully hydrogenated, its profile is 94% saturated fat and 2% unsaturated fatty acids (1.5% monounsaturated, and 0.5% polyunsaturated). According to the cottonseed oil industry, cottonseed oil does not need to be hydrogenated as much as other polyunsaturated oils to achieve similar results. Gossypol is a toxic, yellow, polyphenolic ...
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Citation: Bowling, A.J., Vaughn, K.C., Turley, R.B. 2010. Polysaccharide and glycoprotein distribution in the epidermis of cotton ovules during early fiber initiation and growth. Protoplasma. 248:579-590. Interpretive Summary: Cotton is our most important fiber crop but little is known of the early events associated with fiber initiation and elongation. To investigate this, scientists in the Southern Weed Science Research Unit and Crop Genetics and Production Research Unit probed initiating cotton fibers with antibodies that recognize components of the cell wall. These studies indicate that cotton fibers are differentiated from adjacent non-fiber cells with respect to pectin and protein components as early as one day post the opening of the flower. From these data, we could predict the enzyme machinery responsible for the differentiation of the fiber cells from the non-fiber cells and will use these data to determine genes of importance in fiber development. Technical Abstract: The cotton fiber ...
Cotton aphids can be a persistent problem in Louisiana cotton throughout the growing season. The cotton aphid is considerably variable in size and color with adults and nymphs ranging from yellow to green to black with winged and wingless forms appearing in mixed populations throughout a field. Cotton aphids have piercing-sucking mouth parts that allow them to feed on the phloem of developing cotton plants. Phloem is primarily composed of carbohydrates and contains little amino acids requiring aphids to continuously feed to satisfy their amino acid requirements. As a result of constant feeding, aphids must excrete large amounts of waste termed honey dew that has a very high sugar content and facilitates the growth of sooty mold fungi. Large amounts of sooty mold can coat the surface of leaves blocking sunlight and interfering with photosynthesis. Honey dew, when deposited on open bolls, can also cause sticky cotton resulting in ginning problems.. Cotton aphids prefer cooler temperatures and ...
All cotton especially 2-gene cotton varieties (Bollgard II, Widestrike, and TwinLink) should be scouted for bollworms, these technologies have seen worms make it through the Bt proteins over the last few years throughout the Cotton Belt. Cotton varieties with 3 Bt genes (Bollgard III, Widestrike 3, and TwinLink Plus) should still be scouted for live worms. When checking fields for bollworms we need to check not only the terminal of the plant for young larvae, but also need to be checking squares, bolls, and bloom tags for larvae and/or feeding damage.. The economic threshold or bollworm varies based on the crops growth stage. In fields that have not started blooming the economic threshold is 8 or more worms ¼ or larger per 100 plants, or when population threaten to reduce square retention below 80 percent. Once fields start blooming the economic threshold is 6 percent damaged squares and/or bolls with worms present.. Stink bugs have been found in older cotton on the western side of Hill ...
Field evaluation of foliar and soil insecticides for the control of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) on potatoes in Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 7(5): 667- 675 ...
Cotton bales made from raw cotton after processing of ginning and pressing. Raw cotton goes in ginning for gin process in which first cleaning process happen on raw cotton. Then removing moisture from cotton than after cotton lint separate from cotton seeds. Cotton seed goes in oil mil for extracting oil from it and cotton lint in pressing unit. Pressing unit press the cotton lint and make standard size of cotton bale. Our Cotton bales are very suitable for transportation from nation to nation. Modern cotton production has evolved in time to become highly mechanized. It is truly a worldwide market.. ...
Uzbekistan has abruptly recalled thousands of school teachers, college students and healthcare workers from cotton fields, halting a practice condemned abroad as forced labor, government officials and other sources told Reuters on Friday.
Longevity and competence were studied in planulae of several species of Red Sea soft corals, including the zooxanthellate planulae of Litophyton arboreum, Nephthea sp. and Xenia umbellata, and the azooxanthellate planulae of Parerythropodium fulvum fulvum and Dendronephthya hemprichi. The relationship between presence of zooxanthellae in the planulae and their competence, longevity and caloric content was examined. Planulae of X. umbellata and D. hemprichi had the longest competency of 76 and 74 d, respectively, planulae of P. f. fulvum were competent for a maximal period of 64 d, and planulae of L. arboreum and Nephthea sp. showed a similar competency of 57 d. The highest longevity of 155 d was found in planulae of X. umbellata. Planulae of P. f. fulvum, D. hemprichi and L. arboreum had maximum longevities of 76, 81 and 92 d, respectively. No significant differences existed between the competence or longevity of the zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate planulae. The ratio of the maximum values of ...
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In stock on April 8 2021. All the parts are there and in place. To add the cotton balls I simply tore some pieces from a large pinecone to attach to the back of each cotton ball with a dab of hot glue and then once dry I used another bit of hot glue to attach each one to my stems. Carefully aim your cotton ballaway from people. 5 out of 5 stars 1012 295. Well Im loving the trend too. DomeStar Cotton Stems Natural Dried Cotton 8 Packs Total 15 Bolls Cotton Sprigs Cotton Blooms Floral Stems for Vase Fillers 44 out of 5 stars 297 1298 12. Here is one natural cotton boll along two DIY ones. Stems 5 6 inches. The cotton is white with very little to no blemish. This garland gives a fresh clean look to any space and would look lovely on the mantle over the cabinets or strung on the stairs. Take one of the tied cotton bolls. After you have your cotton balls glued to your stem open the bag of potpourri and find all of the dried nut hulls or shells. Cotton balls look highly realistic in their brown pods. ...
BACKGROUND: Normalizing through reference genes, or housekeeping genes, can make more accurate and reliable results from reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Recent studies have shown that no single housekeeping gene is universal for all experiments. Thus, suitable reference genes should be the first step of any qPCR analysis. Only a few studies on the identification of housekeeping gene have been carried on plants. Therefore qPCR studies on important crops such as cotton has been hampered by the lack of suitable reference genes.. RESULTS: By the use of two distinct algorithms, implemented by geNorm and NormFinder, we have assessed the gene expression of nine candidate reference genes in cotton: GhACT4, GhEF1alpha5, GhFBX6, GhPP2A1, GhMZA, GhPTB, GhGAPC2, GhbetaTUB3 and GhUBQ14. The candidate reference genes were evaluated in 23 experimental samples consisting of six distinct plant organs, eight stages of flower development, four stages of fruit ...
Punjabs production is estimated at around 10.9 million bales while Sindhs is at around 3 million bales.. In the last crop season, Punjab produced more than 8 million bales while Sindhs production remained at three million bales. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan produced 0.001.2m bales and 0.043m bales, respectively.. He said no step has been proposed from government quarters to protect the crop from mealy bug damage in lower Sindh areas and mealy bug and CLCV damage to the countrys largest cotton belt in Punjab.. Sattar stated that around 65 percent of the total cultivation in the country was BT type cotton. Nearly 90 percent of this type is cultivated in Sindh and about 50 percent is cultivated in Punjab.. The rains and virus attack reduced the size of the cotton crop by 15-20 percent and adversely affected the quality of the crop, he asserted.. A senior trader and member of the Karachi Cotton Association, Ghulam Rabbani,said there was no scientific mechanism to make a correct assessment ...
This testimony concerned the work of NIOSH in the field of controlling worker exposure to cotton dust. Chronic conditions associated with cotton dust inhalation, including byssinosis, contribute to a large extent to the total number of the respiratory system diseases found in the labor force. NIOSH supported OSHA in proposing a standard consistent with the strategy of protecting the respiratory he
The University of Arizonas Dr. Judith Brown, who has extensive expertise in plant pathology (virology and vector biology), says, Cotton blue disease has been associated with the exotic Cotton leafroll dwarf virus in Argentina and Brazil. The virus is thought to be endemic in Africa or Asia and has spread to South America only recently. During 2017, an aphid-transmitted polerovirus, was identified for the first time infecting cotton plants in Alabama.. During the Cotton Disease Council session at the 2019 Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Auburn University plant pathologist Dr. Kathy Lawrence provided the Alabama backstory about cotton blue disease. She says she was first alerted to a problem in the field on Aug. 29, 2017, in a phone call from Drew Schrimsher, an agronomist with Agri-AFC. He asked her come to the field to see the cotton leaf deformation that looked a lot like herbicide damage but was not.. On Aug. 31, we loaded up and went to visit Drew in the cotton field, Lawrence says. We ...
Plant annexins show distinct differences in comparison with their animal orthologues. In particular, the endonexin sequence, which is responsible for coordination of calcium ions in type II binding sites, is only partially conserved in plant annexins. The crystal structure of calcium-bound cotton annexin Gh1 was solved at 2.5Šresolution and shows three metal ions coordinated in the first and fourth repeat in types II and III binding sites. Although the protein has no detectable affinity for calcium in solution, in the presence of phospholipid vesicles, we determined a stoichiometry of four calcium ions per protein molecule using isothermal titration calorimetry. Further analysis of the crystal structure showed that binding of a fourth calcium ion is structurally possible in the DE loop of the first repeat. Data from this study are in agreement with the canonical membrane binding of annexins, which is facilitated by the convex surface associating with the phospholipid bilayer by a calcium ...
Acharya TP, Welbaum GE, Arancibia RA (2020). Low tunnels reduce insect populations, insecticide application, and chewing insect damage on brussels sprouts. Journal of Economic Entomology 113:2553-2557. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa154 Bodhe TS, Mukherji P (2013). Selection of color space for image segmentation in pest detection. In: International Conference on Advances in Technology and Engineering (ICATE), Jan 23-25, 2013, Mumbai, India pp 1-7. Boissard P, Martin V, Moisan S (2008). A cognitive vision approach to early pest detection in greenhouse crops. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 62:81-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2007.11.009 Chen J, Fan YY, Wang T, Zhang C, Qiu ZJ, He Y (2018). Automatic segmentation and counting of aphid nymphs on leaves using convolutional neural networks. Agronomy 8:1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8080129 Gao XK, Xue H, Luo JY, Ji JC, Zhang LJ, Niu L, … Cui JJ (2020). Molecular evidence that Lysiphlebia japonica regulates the development ...
Wendel, J.F. (1995) Cotton Gossypium (Malvaceae) (358-366), in Smartt, J. & Simmonds, N.W. (eds.), Evolution of crop plants. 2. ed Longman Sci. & Techn. Harlow ...
This testimony contains information on the effects of cotton dust exposure. Recommendations for medical surveillance, environmental control, environmental monitoring, informing the worker, work practices, and respiratory protection for workers exposed to cotton dust have been transmitted to OSHA as a Draft Technical Standard under the NIOSH/OSHA Standards Completion Program. Chronic respiratory di
Surveys for Verticillium wilt in 142 cotton fields in 1981 to 1983 and 1985 indicated that the disease is widespread in the Guadalquivir Valley, southern Spain, where it occurs in 80.0 to 82.5% of the fields. Verticillium wilt was most prevalent in the upper valley in the 1981 to 1983 surveys and in the lower valley in the 1985 survey. Analyses of dry soil samples collected in spring 1985 by means of an Andersen sampler detected Verticillium dahliae propagules in 35.1% of the fields surveyed. lnoculum density in soil was much higher in the lower valley (average 37.1 CFU/g) than in the upper and central areas of the valley (average 4.7 CFU/g). The increasing importance of the disease in the lower valley corresponds to the spread of a defoliating pathotype of V. dahliae in this area during the early 1980s. Two groups of isolates, including 100 mild nondefoliating and 90 severe defoliating, were distinguished among 191 isolates by means of morphological, physiological, and pathogenicity tests. The ...
Phytophagous insects with wide host ranges often exhibit host-associated genetic structure. We used microsatellite analysis to assess the population structure of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a serious pest on many economically important crops worldwide. We sampled aphids from five host plant species in Iran and detected strong population subdivision, with an overall multilocus FST of 0.191. The matrix of pairwise FST values indicated that differentiation between populations collected from different hosts was significantly stronger than between populations from the same hosts. Host-associated differentiation was further supported by Bayesian clustering analyses, which grouped all samples from cotton together with aubergine, and all samples from cucumber together with pumpkin and hibiscus. This adds to the growing body of evidence that many seemingly generalist aphids are in fact an assemblage of host-specialized lineages. Although we detected a clear genetic ...
Accessions of Gossypium spp., some of them never previously tested, were evaluated for resistance to a local isolate of Meloidogyne incognita race 3 in greenhouse experiments. Nematode infection was characterized based on the galling and egg mass indexes and the reproduction factors (RF). Root-knot nematode reproduction among the newly tested accessions varied from highly susceptible (AS0188, AS0189) to moderately resistant (MT123 no. 3), and some accessions showed highly reduced nematode reproduction (CIR1343, CIR1348, Fai Mui). Histological observations of two resistant accessions (G. barbadense CIR1348 and G. hirsutum TX-25, respectively) showed that resistance occurs through a two-stage mechanism in the first accession and through a single-stage mechanism in the second. Parasitism is blocked early after second-stage juvenile (J2) penetration or during its initial tissue migration (CIR1348) and the development of later-stage juveniles into female adults is suppressed at a later stage (TX-25 ...
According to a new ILO report, systematic or systemic child labour and forced labour were not exacted by the government of Uzbekistan during the 2018 cotton production cycle. Reforms announced by the government are having an impact, yet there are still many challenges with implementation at the local level.
CORVALLIS - To help separate fact from myth about the production of hemp - touted by some as a miracle crop and by others as an evil, pernicious drug - an Oregon State University researcher has studied the feasibility of cultivating hemp as a fiber crop in the Pacific Northwest and concluded it may have some potential if it overcomes major obstacles.. Hemp, or cannabis sativa, can be manufactured into everything from fine cloth to auto parts, and concentrations of the psychoactive ingredient, THC, are too low in fiber hemp to produce a high.. The OSU study of scientific literature just published by the OSU Agricultural Experiment Station found that several conditions must be met before hemp could ever become a crop in this region.. First, it must become legal to grow hemp as a fiber crop; then it must be researched, developed and studied like any other potential new crop; and it must be able to compete with other fiber crops on the market, including wood fiber from the forest ...
Ben-Yephet, Y., Z.R. Frank, J.M. Malero-Vero, and J.E. DeVay. 1989. Effect of crop rotation and metham-sodium on Verticillium dahliae. Pages 543-546 in Vascular Wilt Diseases of Plants: Basic Studies and Control. Tjamos, E.C. and C.H. Beckman, (eds). Springer-Verlag, New York. Butterfield, E.J. and J.E. DeVay. 1977. Reassessment of soil assays for Verticillium dahliae. Phytopathol. 67:1073-1078.. Davis, J.R., O.C. Huisman, D.T. Westerman, S.L. Hafez, D.O. Everson, L.H. Sorensen, and A.T. Schneider. 1996. Effects of green manures on Verticillium wilt of potato. Phytopathol. 86:444-453.. Heffer, V. and R. Regan. 1995. Verticillium wilt of ash. The Digger. June: 48-49.. Hiemstra, J.A. and D.C. Harris (eds.). 1999. A Compendium of Verticillium Wilt in Tree Species. Ponsen & Looijen, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 80 pp.. Kabir, Z., R. G. Bhat, and K. V. Subbarao. 2004. Comparison of media for recovery of Verticillium dahliae from soil. Plant Dis. 88:49-55.. MacGuidwin, A.E. and D.I. Rouse. 1990. Role ...
Since 1996 we have witnessed a steady increase, particularly in the United States, in the use of transgenic Bt crops for insect control. Because of the escalation of Bt corn hybrids and Bt cotton varieties that express Cry proteins, conventional insecticide applications have been reduced considerably for several key insect pests. Recently released estimates by the USDA Economic Research Service reveal that 59% of all corn planted in Illinois during 2009 was a stacked hybrid. In 2009, stacked cotton varieties were planted on 48% of the cotton acres in the United States. For a complete report, please go to www.ers.usda.gov/Data/BiotechCrops. To date, Bt soybean varieties have not been commercialized; however, some transgenic Bt lines of soybean have been examined for their effectiveness against lepidopteran insect pests. In this months issue of the Journal of Economic Entomology (Vol. 102, No. 4, pp. 1640-1648), entomologists Robert M. McPherson and Ted C. MacRae, Department of Entomology, ...
The demand of high strength of cotton fibers has been increased dramatically with the advent of modern high speed spinning technology for producing yarn. Cotton fiber is a gigantic single cell which consists of almost pure cellulose.
Buy Light Purple Cotton Fiber Double Bed Quilt Online at Lowest Prices in Kathmandu, Nepal. Shop now for Light Purple Cotton Fiber Double Bed Quilt Only at Nepals Best Online Store at OkDam.com, CoD available!
(2014) Shan et al. Nature Communications. Cotton fibres are unusually long, single-celled epidermal seed trichomes and a model for plant cell growth, but little is known about the regulation of fibre cell elongation. Here we report that a homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factor, ...
The BXN™ cotton line was genetically engineered to express tolerance to oxynil herbicides, including bromoxynil and ioxynil. Oxynil herbicides act by blocking electron flow during the light reaction of photosynthesis, inhibiting cellular respiration in dicotyledonous plants. Oxynil herbicides applied at rates recommended for effective weed control are toxic to conventional cotton varieties. The modified cotton line BXN™ contains the bxn gene for oxynil tolerance, and allows farmers to use oxynil herbicides for weed control in the cultivation of cotton ...
Business Standard News: Director Report : Sri Nachammai Cotton Mills Director Report, Sri Nachammai Cotton Mills updates and more at Business Standard news.
... anomalum Wawra & Peyr. Gossypium arboreum L. - tree cotton (India and Pakistan) Gossypium herbaceum L. - Levant ... Gossypium mustelinum Miers ex G.Watt Gossypium tomentosum Nutt. ex Seem - Maʻo or Hawaiian cotton (Hawaii) Gossypium australe F ... Consequently, the genus Gossypium has long attracted the attention of scientists. The origin of the genus Gossypium is dated to ... "Gossypium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-09-08. "GRIN Species Records of Gossypium". Germplasm ...
It is sometimes confused with Sturt's desert rose Gossypium sturtianum. Paczkowska, Grazyna (19 September 1996). "Gossypium ... Gossypium australe is an endemic woody shrub, related to cotton, found in north western Australia. Preferring sandy soils near ... ISBN 0-7016-0279-1. Gossypium, from the Arabic for softness; australe, Australian, v t e v t e v t e (All articles with dead ... Gossypium australe. F.Muell. (Native Cotton) Fragm. 1:46 (1858)[permanent dead link] Chippendale, Thelma M; Chippendale, George ...
... is a species of wild cotton in the family Malvaceae, native to drier parts of Africa. A crop wild relative ... senarense (Fenzl ex Wawra & Peyr.) Vollesen - Angola, Namibia "Gossypium anomalum Wawra & Peyr". Plants of the World Online. ... The following subspecies are accepted: Gossypium anomalum subsp. anomalum - Cape Verde, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, ... Gossypium, Cotton, Flora of Cape Verde, Flora of Mauritania, Flora of Mali, Flora of Burkina Faso, Flora of Niger, Flora of ...
... , or Sturt's desert rose, is a woody shrub, closely related to cultivated cotton, found in most mainland ... trilobum (F.Muell.) J.H.Willis is sometimes considered a synonym of Gossypium robinsonii. The Sturt's desert rose is found in ... Gossypium, Malvales of Australia, Flora of New South Wales, Flora of Queensland, Flora of the Northern Territory, Rosids of ...
... , or Darwin's cotton, is a species of cotton plant which is found only on the Galapagos Islands. Genetic ... Gossypium, Endemic flora of Galápagos, All stub articles, Malvoideae stubs). ... studies indicate that it is most closely related to the native American species Gossypium barbadense, thus it is surmised that ...
A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton. Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:73. USDA - Gossypium thurberi Soule, J.A ... Gossypium thurberi, also known as Arizona wild cotton, Thurber's cotton, or desert cotton, is a wild species of cotton. Their ... Tierra del Soule Press, Tucson, AZ USDA - Gossypium thurberi v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae). Rheedea 2:136. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. ...
Media related to Gossypium tomentosum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Gossypium tomentosum at Wikispecies Gossypium ... Genetic studies indicate that Hawaiian cotton is related to American species of Gossypium, with its closest relative Gossypium ... Gossypium tomentosum, commonly known as maʻo, huluhulu or Hawaiian cotton, is a species of cotton plant that is endemic to the ... Gossypium tomentosum is proposed, based on biogeographic evidence and molecular data, to have originated by transoceanic ...
... , commonly known as Levant cotton, is a species of cotton native to the semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan ... Nevertheless, small glands present in all the plant organs of the Gossypium species, except the roots, and especially abundant ... Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Gossypium herbaceum". African plants - a Photo Guide. Frankfurt/Main: ... In the Levant seeds of Gossypium herbaceum were also used for food, feed or oil extraction. Cotton seeds, containing up to 20% ...
ISBN 0-941711-73-0. Media related to Gossypium barbadense at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Gossypium barbadense at ... Gossypium barbadense (gos-SIP-pee-um bar-ba-DEN-see) is one of several species of cotton. It is in the mallow family. It has ... The genus Gossypium encompasses the cottons. The genus can be divided by chromosome count. Subgenus Karpas has 52 chromosomes ( ... Traditionally, cultivars of Gossypium barbadense fall into the "long-staple" category. The term extra-long-staple (ELS) first ...
Media related to Gossypium arboreum at Wikimedia Commons Public domain photo (copyright expired) of Gossypium arboreum (flickr. ... Gossypium arboreum var. neglecta, locally known as "Phuti karpas", was the variant used to make Dhaka muslin in East India, now ... Gossypium arboreum, commonly called tree cotton, is a species of cotton native to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh and other ... Abedin, Sultanul (1979), "Gossypium arboreum", in Ali, S.I.; Qaiser, M. (ed.), Flora of Pakistan, vol. 130, St. Louis: ...
... is a species of cotton plant endemic to northern Peru. Its genome has been sequenced in order to improve ... "Tropicos , Name - Gossypium raimondii Ulbr". tropicos.org. Retrieved 2016-05-14. Wang, Kunbo; Wang, Zhiwen; Li, Fuguang; Ye, ... "The draft genome of a diploid cotton Gossypium raimondii". Nature Genetics. 44 (10): 1098-1103. doi:10.1038/ng.2371. ISSN 1061- ... Gossypium, Endemic flora of Peru, All stub articles, Malvoideae stubs). ...
Gossypium schottii G. Watt, Wild cult. cotton 206. 1907. Gossypium taitense Parl., Sp. Cotoni 39, t. 6, fig. A. 1866. Gossypium ... Gossypium lanceolatum Tod., Relaz. cult. coton. 185. 1877. Gossypium marie-galante G. Watt, Kew Bull. 1927:344. 1927. Gossypium ... Gossypium punctatum Schumach., Beskr. Guin. pl. 309. 1827. Gossypium purpurascens Poir., Encycl. suppl. 2:369. 1811. Gossypium ... Gossypium morrillii O. F. Cook & J. Hubb., J. Washington Acad. Sci. 16:339. 1926. Gossypium palmeri G. Watt, Wild cult. cotton ...
... is a species of beetle in the family Ptinidae. "Xyletobius gossypii Report". Integrated Taxonomic ... "Xyletobius gossypii". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-08-31. Zahradník, Petr; Háva, Jiří (2014). "Catalogue of the world genera and ...
... is a plant pathogen. This fungus is affiliated with cotton plants where it causes anthracnose. Its ...
... (also known as Ashbya gossypii) is a filamentous fungus or mold closely related to yeast, but growing ... gossypii genes are orthologs of S. cerevisiae genes, and 90% map within blocks of synteny (syntenic homologs). The E. gossypii ... E. gossypii and S. cerevisiae originated from a common ancestor which carried about 5000 genes. Divergence of these two close ... E. gossypii was recognized as a natural overproducer of riboflavin (vitamin B2), which protects its spores against ultraviolet ...
... is a moth of the family Gracillariidae. It is known from South Africa. The larvae feed on Gossypium ... herbaceum and Gossypium hirsutum. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine has the form of a large, irregular, ...
... is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacterium from the genus Novosphingobium which ... "Novosphingobium gossypii". www.uniprot.org. "Details: DSM-29615". www.dsmz.de. Kämpfer, Peter; McInroy, John A.; Glaeser, ... Stefanie P.; Martin, Karin (1 September 2015). "Novosphingobium gossypii sp. nov., isolated from Gossypium hirsutum". ... Type strain of Novosphingobium gossypii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e (Articles with short ...
... is a moth of the family Nepticulidae. It is found in Puerto Rico and Florida. The wingspan is 3-3.2 ... The larvae feed on Gossypium barbadense. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine is slender, sinuous and located on ...
... is a moth of the family Bucculatricidae. It is found in Queensland, Australia. The species was described ... The larvae are considered a minor pest, since they feed on the foliage of Gossypium hirsutum. They initially mine the leaves of ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bucculatrix gossypii. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... Australian Faunal Directory Australian Insects Wikispecies has information related to Bucculatrix gossypii. ...
"Mucilaginibacter gossypii". www.uniprot.org. Madhaiyan, M.; Poonguzhali, S.; Lee, J.-S.; Senthilkumar, M.; Lee, K. C.; Sundaram ... Mucilaginibacter gossypii is a Gram-negative, non-motile and plant-growth-promoting bacterium from the genus of ... Type strain of Mucilaginibacter gossypii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e (Articles with short ... S. (27 November 2009). "Mucilaginibacter gossypii sp. nov. and Mucilaginibacter gossypiicola sp. nov., plant-growth-promoting ...
... is a tiny insect, an aphid ("greenfly") in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera. It is a true bug ... Resistance to carbamates and organophosphates has been traced to two variant acetylcholinesterase genes in A. gossypii, MACEA ... Carbamates and organophosphates are commonly used against A. gossypii around the world. ... Aphis gossypii Glover". Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. Elsevier BV. 62 (3): 164-171. doi:10.1006/pest.1998.2373. ISSN ...
... is a species of the genus of Penicillium. MycoBank Robert A. Samson, J I Pitt (31 October 2000). ...
"Variovorax gossypii". www.uniprot.org. Kämpfer, P; Busse, HJ; McInroy, JA; Glaeser, SP (December 2015). "Variovorax gossypii sp ... Variovorax gossypii is a Gram-negative and small rod-shaped bacterium from the genus of Variovorax which has been isolated from ... nov., isolated from Gossypium hirsutum". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 65 (12): 4335-40. ... the plant Gossypium hirsutum from Tallassee in the United States. Parte, A.C. "Variovorax". LPSN. " ...
... , the melon aphid or cotton aphid, is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera. It ... "Acyrthosiphon gossypii". Gao, Gui-Zhen; Perkins, Lynda E.; Zalucki, Myron P.; Lu, Zhao-Zhi; Ma, Ji-Hong (2012). "Effect of ... on the mortality and fecundity of two co-existing cotton aphid species Aphis gossypii Glover and Acyrthosiphon gossypii ... temperature on the biology of Acyrthosiphon gossypii Mordvilko (Homoptera: Aphididae) on cotton". Journal of Pest Science. 86 ( ...
C. gossypii is found on the underside of the leaves of the host. The more adults and nymphs that are present, the more badly ... Corythucha gossypii, the cotton lace bug or bean lace bug, is a species of lace bug in the family Tingidae that is associated ... C. gossypii is a common pest of cotton, but has also been reported from the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis) and another ... Varón, E.H.; Moreira, M.D.; Corredor, J.P. (2010). "Effect of C. gossypii on Castor Oil Plant Leaves: Sampling Criteria and ...
"Gossypium herbaceum". MaltaWildPlants.com. Retrieved 2022-01-04. Mifsud, Stephen. "Gossypium hirsutum". MaltaWildPlants.com. ...
See § DDT.) Gossypium spp. are extensively grown in the Imperial Valley. For a common pest see § Cotton Aphid, and for a ... Cotton Aphids (Aphis gossypii, Melon Aphid) afflict cotton and melon crops here. Insecticides are commonly used, and this has ...
"Gossypium raimondii v2.1". Phytozome v9.1. Archived from the original on 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2013-07-10. Argout X, Salse J, ...
Guymer Gossypium australe F.Muell. Gossypium populifolium (Benth.) F.Muell. Gossypium robinsonii F.Muell. Gouania australiana F ...
clover Gossypium spp. - cotton Linum usitatissimum - flax Humulus lupulus - hops Mentha spp. - mint Helianthus annuus - ...
gossypium Product Weight. 0.5kg. Made In. UK Made From. 48% Organic Cotton, 48% Beechwood Fibre, 4% Lycra ... Gossypium delivers sustainable clothing, designed and crafted to last while demonstrating a sustainable model of fashion ...
World Health Organization. Office of Occupational Health; Meeting on Early Detection of Respiratory Diseases Resulting from Occupational Exposure to Vegetable Dusts (‎1978 : Geneva)‎ (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health Organization, 1980)‎ ...
A positive attitude and a were-all-in-this-together sense of community attract customers to this Seattle-area shop.
Gossypium hirsutum var. hirsutum L.. Taxonomic Serial No.: 528266 (Download Help) Gossypium hirsutum var. hirsutum TSN 528266 ...
Gossypium Herbaceum. Customize your care with Boiron single medicines for highly targeted relief. Gossypium Herbaceum 30C is a ... Gossypium Herbaceum is a homeopathic dilution that relieves back pain with menstruation. The pellets melt in your mouth and can ... homeopathic dilution of Gossypium Herbaceum that relieves back pain with menstruation. The pellets melt in your mouth and can ...
Footloose, an Erika Knight pattern in Gossypium Cotton Tuareg, an Erika Knight pattern in Studio Linen Shiregreen, a pattern ... You can see the colors of Gossypium Cotton here. You will also need US6 needles; gauge is 20st & 28r to 4".. This pattern is ... an Erika Knight pattern in Gossypium Cotton ... Breezy, an Erika Knight pattern in Gossypium Cotton Our Price: ...
Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.r. latifolium Hutch) produces one of the most important natural fibers in the world 4. Due ... Toward sequencing cotton (Gossypium) genomes. Plant Physiology. 145: 1303-1310. [ Links ] 6. Cruz, C. D.; Regazzi, A. J.; ... Genetic map and QTL controlling fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Euphytica. 203: 615-628. [ Links ... Construction of genetic map and QTL analysis of fiber quality traits for Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Euphytica. 201 ...
Gossypium hirsutum Remove constraint Subject term: Gossypium hirsutum Subject term Creontiades Remove constraint Subject term: ... Creontiades; Gossypium hirsutum; bolls; cotton; cultivars; insects; models; pest monitoring; plant damage; plant response; ... Gossypium hirsutum L., boll responses to feeding and associated cotton boll rot provided opportunity to assess if single in- ...
Scientifically reviewed pathway providing a current overview of Glycine, Serine and Threonine Metabolism in A. gossypii ... gossypii Interactive web-based biological databases and softwares for life-scientists and researchers. - ... The yeast A. gossypii (Ashbya gossypii), also known as E. gossypii (Eremothecium gossypii), is a free-living hemiascomycete ... The Ashbya gossypii genome as a tool for mapping the ancient Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome.. Dietrich FS, Voegeli S, Brachat ...
... J ... A. gossypii CH3OH extract of the aerial part showed repellency at 1% level of significance (P. 3OH extract of the root showed ... A. gossypii at all. According to intensity of repellency the extracts of aerial part is more active than root extracts, and the ... Repellent activity of Argemone mexicana L. extracts against Aphis gossypii Glover and Tribolium castaneum (Hbst.) adults ...
The microbial production of limonene can be carried out using engineered strains of A. gossypii from xylose-based carbon ... Engineered strains of the industrial fungus Ashbya gossypii have been developed to produce limonene from xylose. The limonene ... The lethality of the A. gossypii double mutant erg20F95W−F126W highlights the indispensability of farnesyl diphosphate for the ... gossypii. The strains presented in this work constitute a proof of principle for the production of limonene and other terpenes ...
Photos of Gossypium herbaceum (GOSHE)
Gossypium barbadense cv. 3-79 at fiber initiation stage. cDNA. Gossypium barbadense L. line Hai7124 -3 to 5 dpa fiber cDNA ... Gossypium barbadense is a tropical cotton that grows to the size of a small tree. Useful Agronomic Traits: Widely cultivated, ... Gossypium barbadense L. line 3-79 fiber normalized cDNA library. cDNA. SSH library of genes involved in cotton response to ... Below is a list of transcript assemblies that are available for Gossypium barbadense. Click the assembly name for further ...
Gossypium Cotton US 4-6/E-G (3.50-4.00 mm) 5.5 stitches/inch 109 yards DK 100 percent cotton This fluffy staple yarn is sourced ... ":"Gossypium Cotton - Iced Gem 04","public_title":"Iced Gem 04","options":["Iced Gem 04"],"price":620,"weight":0,"compare_at_ ... ":"Gossypium Cotton - Sea Fret 01","public_title":"Sea Fret 01","options":["Sea Fret 01"],"price":620,"weight":0,"compare_at_ ... ":"Gossypium Cotton - Boho 08","public_title":"Boho 08","options":["Boho 08"],"price":620,"weight":0,"compare_at_price":null," ...
White textured Full-sleeve shirt This white shirt is crafted from the finest cotton. Featuring a cutaway collar and single cuffs, this shirt is perfect for the office and formal occasions. Care instructions: Machine wash at 30 degrees with like colors Do not bleach Do not tumble dry Fabric: 100% cotton Soft and contemp
gossypium cotton is a bespoke yarn, which is made in India in the Hisar District in the state of Haryana by an eco-friendly ... gossypium cotton is crafted for you with care. With eight pastel colours taken from the British Blue Wool color palette and ... fluffy staple fiber that grows in a protective casing around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus gossypium. Cotton fiber is ... Gossypium Cotton Yarn from Erika Knight, Milk ... Gossypium Cotton 500 Milk. Write a Review ×. Add Review. Your ...
haplotype diversity and locations of MIC-3: a unique root-specific defense-related gene family in Upland cotton (Gossypium ... species to reveal sequence differences at the molecular level and identify chromosomal locations of MIC-3 genes in Gossypium ... sequence analysis and phylogenetic clustering of MIC-3 genes indicated the presence of multiple MIC-3 gene members in Gossypium ...
Text; Format: print Publication details: Geneva : World Health Organization, 1983Title translated: Límites de exposición profesional que se recomiendan por razones de salud : algunos polvos vegetales : informe de un Grupo de Estudio de la OMS [se reunió en Ginebra del 2 al 8 de marzo de 1982]; Exposition à certaines poussières végétales : limites recommandées d exposition professionnelle à visée sanitaire, rapport dun groupe d étude de l OMS [réuni à Genève du 2 au 8 mars 1982].Online access: Click here to access online , Click here to access online Availability: Items available for loan: WHO HQ (4)Call number: HQ SERIAL, ... Not available: WHO HQ: Withdrawn (1). ...
Aphis gossypii, the cotton aphid, is a tiny greenfly that sucks sap from plants. It belongs to the superfamily Aphidoidea in ... and Validation of Reference Genes for the Normalization of Gene Expression Data in qRT-PCR Analysis in Aphis gossypii ( ... Retrieved from "http://192.168.164.12:9052/index.php?title=Aphis_gossypii&oldid=8675" ... Aphis gossypii (Glover). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 90, 175-180. ...
Gossypium australe is a shrub related to cotton with mauve Hibiscus-like flowers with 5 petals more deeply coloured at the base ... Gossypium australe is a shrub related to cotton with mauve Hibiscus-like flowers with 5 petals more deeply coloured at the base ...
":"Gossypium Crossbody Bag Orange \u0026 Gold","public_title":null,"options":["Default Title"],"price":29000,"weight":730," ...
Gossypium posters, canvas prints, framed pictures, postcards & more by Georg Dionysius Ehret. Handmade in the UK. ...
Biology of Gossypium spp. (Cotton). Posted on. November 13, 2015. April 11, 2016. AuthorSonia Kaushik ...
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Gossypium barbadense described in Rariorum plantarum historia (Q12590) From JSTOR Labs Wikibase ...
Gossypium sturtianum - 4 images at image, phylogeny, nomenclature for Gossypium sturtianum ... Gossypium 4. Gynatrix Hampea Helicteropsis Herissantia Hibiscadelphus Hibiscus Hochreutinera Hoheria Horsfordia Howittia ... Gossypium sturtianum. Gossypium sturtianum. Gossypium sturtianum. Gossypium sturtianum. NUMBER OF GENERA IN Malvaceae: 121. KEW ...
Here, we carried out a genome-wide analysis of WAK gene family in Gossypium hirsutum that resulted in the identification of 81 ... From: Identification of cell wall-associated kinases as important regulators involved in Gossypium hirsutum resistance to ...
Genome wide study of cysteine rich receptor like proteins in Gossypium sp. *Athar Hussain ... Resequencing Deciphers New Insight Into Genetic Diversity and Signatures of Resistance in Cultivated Cotton Gossypium hirsutum ...
  • Report: Gossypium hirsutum var. (itis.gov)
  • Gossypium hirsutum var. (itis.gov)
  • Gossypium hirsutum L. (itis.gov)
  • The ability to monitor verde plant bug, Creontiades signatus Distant (Hemiptera: Miridae), and the progression of cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., boll responses to feeding and associated cotton boll rot provided opportunity to assess if single in-season measurements had value in evaluating at-harvest damage to bolls and if multiple in-season measurements enhanced their combined use. (usda.gov)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Comparative characteristics and gene action in three petal-spotted mutants of Gossypium hirsutum. (who.int)
  • Genome-wide association study identifies GhSAL1 affects cold tolerance at the seedling emergence stage in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (bvsalud.org)
  • Reference genome sequences of two cultivated allotetraploid cottons, Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense. (pacb.com)
  • Allotetraploid cotton species (Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense) have long been cultivated worldwide for natural renewable textile fibers. (pacb.com)
  • Wang, HY & Galau, GA 1991, ' Sequence of the Gossypium hirsutum D-Genome Alloallele of Legumin A and Its mRNA ', Plant Physiology , vol. 97, no. 3. (houstonmethodist.org)
  • Extrafloral nectar allocation in Gossypium hirsutum fits optimal defense theory predictions. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • These predictions are then tested using novel data on the production patterns of bracteal and foliar nectar in cotton, Gossypium hirsutum. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Identification of the environmentallysensitive, genic male-sterile line in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)-A preliminary study. (uwi.edu)
  • An environmentallly-sensitive genic male-sterile line was identified in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), which expressed male sterility during summer season (35-45°C), but fertility was restored during the rainy season (23-30°C). (uwi.edu)
  • Effect of Gossypium hirsutum L. and Ricinus comunis L. meals in growth and yield of Brassica oleracea var. (edu.cu)
  • Efecto de harinas de Gossypium hirsutum L. y Ricinus comunis L. sobre el crecimiento y rendimiento de Brassica oleracea var. (edu.cu)
  • 不同温度下外施6-BA和ABA对棉花 ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) 产量和纤维品质的影响[ (cricaas.com.cn)
  • Crossing Gossypium-hirsutum with G- armourianum and treating the hybrid with colchicine to double the chromosome number resulted in hexaploid cotton plants containing 78 chromosomes instead of the 52 chromosomes present in commercial cultivars. (cdc.gov)
  • Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor Moench. (usda.gov)
  • Repellent activity of Argemone mexicana L. extracts against Aphis gossypii Glover and Tribolium castaneum (Hbst. (phytojournal.com)
  • and Aphis gossypii Glover adults. (phytojournal.com)
  • Aphis gossypii , the cotton aphid, is a tiny greenfly that sucks sap from plants. (big.ac.cn)
  • 2016) Identification and Validation of Reference Genes for the Normalization of Gene Expression Data in qRT-PCR Analysis in Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae). (big.ac.cn)
  • Cao CW, Zhang J, Gao XW, Liang P, Guo HL (2008) Overexpression of carboxylesterase gene associated with organophosphorous insecticide resistance in cotton aphids, Aphis gossypii (Glover). (big.ac.cn)
  • Kutu daun Aphis gossypii diketahui dapat menghambat peningkatan produksi gerbera. (pertanian.go.id)
  • Aphis gossypii is known as one of the most damaging aphid species in gerbera production. (pertanian.go.id)
  • This study aimed to verify how populations of Chilean CTV isolates changed following inoculation from infected sweet orange to Mexican lime trees, and to determine if CTV genotype populations influenced transmission efficiency via Aphis gossypii. (pucv.cl)
  • Argiope luzona, Chrysso argyrodiformis, Hipassa pantherina, Oxyopes lineatipes, Oxyopes javanus, Peucetia viridana and Lycosa pseudoannulata are the important spiders present in the snakegourd and brinjal ecosystem which feed on variety of insects like Plusia orichalcia, Leucinodes orbonalis, Aphis gossypii, B. tabaci and Epilachna vigintioctopunctata (Sankari and Thiyagesan, 2010). (eduzaurus.com)
  • Gossypium Herbaceum 30C is a homeopathic dilution of Gossypium Herbaceum that relieves back pain with menstruation. (boironusa.com)
  • Gossypium herbaceum, the Cotton Plant or Levant Cotton, is native mostly of South Africa, but is also found across almost all the continents. (rarexoticseeds.com)
  • Formulation and standardization of Yazd Meybod ethno-topical preparation made from cotton (Gossypium herbaceum L.) to evaluate the effect on cutaneous Leishmaniasis, a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial. (who.int)
  • Gossypium barbadense is a tropical cotton that grows to the size of a small tree. (cottongen.org)
  • Below is a list of transcript assemblies that are available for Gossypium barbadense . (cottongen.org)
  • Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. (org.in)
  • The yeast A. gossypii ( Ashbya gossypii ), also known as E. gossypii ( Eremothecium gossypii ), is a free-living hemiascomycete that utililizes amino acid metabolisms to obtain its nitrogen source. (proteinlounge.com)
  • The Ashbya gossypii genome as a tool for mapping the ancient Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. (proteinlounge.com)
  • Disruption of the SHM2 gene, encoding one of two serine hydroxymethyltransferase isoenzymes, reduces the flux from glycine to serine in Ashbya gossypii. (proteinlounge.com)
  • Engineered strains of the industrial fungus Ashbya gossypii have been developed to produce limonene from xylose. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here, we cloned and sequenced MIC-3 genes from selected diploid and tetraploid cotton species to reveal sequence differences at the molecular level and identify chromosomal locations of MIC-3 genes in Gossypium species. (tamu.edu)
  • Detailed sequence analysis and phylogenetic clustering of MIC-3 genes indicated the presence of multiple MIC-3 gene members in Gossypium species. (tamu.edu)
  • Extract of Toona leaf, and pyrethrum flowers, and mixture of both (Formula I, Formula II, Formula III) were tested for its effectiveness against A. gossypii nymphs on gerbera. (pertanian.go.id)
  • Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a protective casing around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus gossypium. (thetailspinner.com)
  • For such reason the metabolism of Glycine, Serine and Threonine is essential for the survival of A. gossypii . (proteinlounge.com)
  • The microbial production of limonene can be carried out using engineered strains of A. gossypii from xylose-based carbon sources. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The strains presented in this work constitute a proof of principle for the production of limonene and other terpenes from agro-industrial wastes such as xylose-rich hydrolysates in A. gossypii . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results suggested that the three tested strains are transmitted by A. gossypii in a semi-persistent mode. (unirc.it)
  • Gossypium australe is a shrub related to cotton with mauve Hibiscus-like flowers with 5 petals more deeply coloured at the base 5cm across. (australianseed.com)
  • The limonene synthase (LS) from Citrus limon was initially overexpressed together with the native HMG1 gene (coding for HMG-CoA reductase) to establish a limonene-producing platform from a xylose-utilizing A. gossypii strain. (biomedcentral.com)
  • gossypium cotton' is a bespoke yarn, which is made in India in the Hisar District in the state of Haryana by an eco-friendly manufacturer who is very much at the heart of the local community, promoting fair labor practices and the welfare and development of its employees. (thetailspinner.com)
  • Gossypium delivers sustainable clothing, designed and crafted to last while demonstrating a sustainable model of fashion providing timeless clothing made in small batches. (yogamatters.com)
  • The results demonstrated that local A. gossypii population can acquire and transmit efficiently the tested virus isolates with serious implications on the virus spread. (unirc.it)
  • Direct spraying of A. gossypii is more effective than residue on the leaf. (pertanian.go.id)
  • An interspecific hybrid between G. arboreum x G. stocksii was obtained by pollinating previous day bagged flowers of G. arboreum Genetic Male Sterile line MPKV GMS with pollens from wild Gossypium stocksii. (elsevier.com)
  • By performing a bioinformatics homology search, we identified 28 putative MAPK genes in the Gossypium raimondii genome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Nascent fibre evolution, before allopolyploidy, is elucidated by comparison of spinnable-fibred Gossypium herbaceum A and non-spinnable Gossypium longicalyx F genomes to one another and the outgroup D genome of non-spinnable Gossypium raimondii . (iastate.edu)
  • Analyses of the NAC Transcription Factor Gene Family in Gossypium raimondii Ulbr. (jipb.net)
  • BACKGROUND: The polyphagous cotton-melon aphid Aphis gossypii Glover is structured into geographically widespread host races comprising a few clones specialised on Cucurbitaceae, cotton, eggplant or pepper. (cirad.fr)
  • In this study, the effect of plant growth regulator Supertonik to Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) was investigated. (cu.edu.tr)
  • on the Number of Nezara viridula L., Aphis gossypii Glover. (scialert.net)
  • The basal part of the canopy had the highest numbers of sucking insects Aphis gossypii (Glover 1877) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Bemisia tabaci (Genn. (bvsalud.org)
  • Genes were lost in A. gossypii , giving it 7 chromosomes and thus fewer genes than either S. cerevisiae or its ancestor species. (kenyon.edu)
  • Gossypium Herbaceum cotton, or commonly called Levant Cotton, is a species of cotton native to the semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa and Arabia where it still grows in the wild as a perennial shrub. (southernseedexchange.com)
  • Origin of the species of Gossypium has been a subject of considerable controversy. (farmpally.com)
  • Some researchers claim that 51 species belonging to the genus Gossypium have been identified so far, while others affirm that there are 52 and that there are many more sub species. (icac.org)
  • Hair of seeds of various species of Gossypium . (dictionary.net)
  • The hairs of the seed of Gossypium herbaceum and other species of Gossypium , deprived of impurities. (dictionary.net)
  • Cotton is a soft, fluffy, staple fibre that grows in a protective casing around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus gossypium. (selected-yarns.com)
  • The on different host plants, The role of subspecies in aphids for affairs of applied entomology, Performance of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) clones on different host-plants and their host preference, Tli roda Aphis L. (Aphididae) v Azerbejdžane, Trudy Azerbajdzhanskij Gosudazstvennyj Universitet, Insecticide resistance of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera, Aphididae). (trippinguptrump.co.uk)
  • Important aphids occurring in glasshouses are: the cotton aphid Aphis gossypii, the glasshouse potato aphid Aulacorthum solani, the potato aphid Macrosiphum euphorbiae and the green peach aphid Myzus persicae. (zonda.net.nz)
  • Ashbya gossypii ( Eremothecium gossypii ) is a filamentous fungus, meaning that it is an infectious agent of the fungus kingdom consisting of a long series of attached cells. (kenyon.edu)
  • Eremothecium gossypii ATCC 10895 ACL150Wp (AGOS_ACL150W), partial mRNA. (genscript.com)
  • The Vat gene of melon confers resistance to Aphis gossypii through both antixenotic and antibiotic mechanisms. (csic.es)
  • Moreno-Delafuente A, Garzo E, Fereres A, Viñuela E, Medina P. Effects of a Salicylic Acid Analog on Aphis gossypii and Its Predator Chrysoperla carnea on Melon Plants. (trippinguptrump.co.uk)
  • Behavioral effects and sensory detection of drimane deterrents in Myzus persicae and Aphis gossypii nymphs. (wur.nl)
  • The impact of different genotypes of sunflower ( Helianthus annuus Linnaeus) were seen on some important insects like and green stink bug ( Nezara viridula ), aphid ( Aphis gossypii ) whitefly ( Bemisia tabaci ) and their population was correlated with the yield. (scialert.net)
  • In case of aphid ( Aphis gossypii ) it was found that 64 A 93 was resistant because it had significantly less number of population than standard cultivar. (scialert.net)
  • The genome for Ashbya gossypii , fully sequenced in 2004 by the Biozentrum lab, is the smallest genome of a free-living eukaryote thus far, coming up to only 9.2 megabases. (kenyon.edu)
  • Professor Peter Philippsen, Ordinarius of Microbiology at the Biozentrum Basel, was the first scientist to fully examine Ashbya Gossypii (a few years they completed the sequencing of the Saccahromyces cerevisiae genome in 1996. (kenyon.edu)
  • The Ashbya gossypii genome as a tool for mapping the ancient Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. (genscript.com)
  • 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Yan R, Liang C, Meng Z, Malik W, Zhu T, Zong X, Guo S, Zhang R. Progress in genome sequencing will accelerate molecular breeding in cotton (Gossypium spp. (big.ac.cn)
  • Evidence from approximately 200,000 nucleotides (40,000 per genome) suggests that polyploidy in Gossypium led to a modest enhancement in rates of nucleotide substitution. (elsevier.com)
  • Gossypium bricchettii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • Gossypium comes from the Latin name Pliny used for the cotton tree, while thurberi is named for Dr. George Thurber (1821-1890), an American horticulturalist and botanist who participated in the Mexican Boundary Survey. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Wild Cotton aka Desert Cotton ( Gossypium thurberi ) is also in the Mallow family. (sabinocanyon.net)
  • Gossypium herbaceum seeds contain pectin and the root bark and seeds contain gossypol. (nih.gov)
  • An extract of Gossypium herbaceum seeds was given in a single oral dose of 20 grams containing 520 mg of pectin to 4 women who were 48 hours postpartum. (nih.gov)
  • The authors proposed that pectin from Gossypium seeds stimulated secretion of complement C3 and C4 into colostrum and that this effect might increase the antibacterial activity of breastmilk. (nih.gov)
  • Sow the Gossypium flower seeds indoors in late spring. (southernseedexchange.com)
  • A. gossypii and S. cerevisiae diverged from a common ancestor that had approximately 5,000 genes. (kenyon.edu)
  • Molecular evolutionary rate variation in Gossypium (cotton) was characterized using sequence data for 48 nuclear genes from both genomes of allotetraploid cotton, models of its diploid progenitors, and an outgroup. (elsevier.com)
  • Substitution rates varied widely among the 48 genes, with silent and replacement substitution levels varying from 0.018 to 0.162 and from 0.000 to 0.073, respectively, in comparisons between orthologous Gossypium and outgroup sequences. (elsevier.com)
  • What I found out was that the name "Gossypia" is Latin for "cotton" so she chose the name because she sold clothing with all natural fibers. (oldtowncrier.com)
  • She describes Gossypia as a source for these types of items: Latin American folk art, "arty clothing," one of a kind jewelry. (oldtowncrier.com)
  • It is derived from the Latin gossypium (cotton) and Swahili boma (place of concealment). (medscape.com)
  • Gossypium australe is a shrub related to cotton with mauve Hibiscus-like flowers with 5 petals more deeply coloured at the base 5cm across. (australianseed.com)
  • As she settled into the new lab, Gladfelter remembers watching movies that others had made of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii and wondering how on earth its myriad nuclei could share the same cytoplasm and do different things. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, after analysis, it was determined that the content of most records in LocatorPlus that contained the previous MeSH term Cotton would be more accurately represented by the new MeSH term Cotton Fiber rather than solely by the term Gossypium. (nih.gov)
  • Is it possible to use the stalks of Gossypium hirsitum L., an important by-product of cotton cultivation, as an alternative source of bioactive components? (sdu.edu.tr)
  • CONCLUSION:Multiple resistance to a broad range of insecticides andmultiplemechanisms of resistance in some clones could explain to some extent the low genetic diversity observed within A. gossypii host races. (cirad.fr)
  • A randomized study was done in India that compared the seed kernel of Gossypium herbaceum 10 grams per day in 3 divided doses to placebo for one month in healthy mothers to treat perceived insufficient milk supply. (nih.gov)
  • Gossypium Cotton is made in India in the Hisar District in the state of Haryana by an eco-friendly manufacturer who is very much at the heart of the local community, promoting fair labour practices and the welfare and development of its employees. (selected-yarns.com)