A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.
A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
The presence of four sets of chromosomes. It is associated with ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; and MISCARRAGES.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
A dimeric sesquiterpene found in cottonseed (GOSSYPIUM). The (-) isomer is active as a male contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS, MALE) whereas toxic symptoms are associated with the (+) isomer.
The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.
An organochlorine insecticide.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.
The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.
A plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are trees and shrubs having an elongated conelike floral axis with fragrant flowers that have six tepals (sepals and petals that are not distinctly different) and many spirally arranged stamens.
A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Bixa contains bixin. Cochlospermum contains arjunolic acid and gum kondagogu (POLYSACCHARIDES).
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)

GTPase activity and biochemical characterization of a recombinant cotton fiber annexin. (1/777)

A cDNA encoding annexin was isolated from a cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fiber cDNA library. The cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the resultant recombinant protein was purified. We then investigated some biochemical properties of the recombinant annexin based on the current understanding of plant annexins. An "add-back experiment" was performed to study the effect of the recombinant annexin on beta-glucan synthase activity, but no effect was found. However, it was found that the recombinant annexin could display ATPase/GTPase activities. The recombinant annexin showed much higher GTPase than ATPase activity. Mg2+ was essential for these activities, whereas a high concentration of Ca2+ was inhibitory. A photolabeling assay showed that this annexin could bind GTP more specifically than ATP. The GTP-binding site on the annexin was mapped into the carboxyl-terminal fourth repeat of annexin from the photolabeling experiment using domain-deletion mutants of this annexin. Northern-blot analysis showed that the annexin gene was highly expressed in the elongation stages of cotton fiber differentiation, suggesting a role of this annexin in cell elongation.  (+info)

A GroEL homologue from endosymbiotic bacteria of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci is implicated in the circulative transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl virus. (2/777)

Evidence for the involvement of a Bemisia tabaci GroEL homologue in the transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl geminivirus (TYLCV) is presented. A approximately 63-kDa protein was identified in B. tabaci whole-body extracts using an antiserum raised against aphid Buchnera GroEL. The GroEL homologue was immunolocalized to a coccoid-shaped whitefly endosymbiont. The 30 N-terminal amino acids of the whitefly GroEL homologue showed 80% homology with that from different aphid species and GroEL from Escherichia coli. Purified GroEL from B. tabaci exhibited ultrastructural similarities to that of the endosymbiont from aphids and E. coli. In vitro ligand assays showed that tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) particles displayed a specific affinity for the B. tabaci 63-kDa GroEL homologue. Feeding whiteflies anti-Buchnera GroEL antiserum before the acquisition of virions reduced TYLCV transmission to tomato test plants by >80%. In the haemolymph of these whiteflies, TYLCV DNA was reduced to amounts below the threshold of detection by Southern blot hybridization. Active antibodies were recovered from the insect haemolymph suggesting that by complexing the GoEL homologue, the antibody disturbed interaction with TYLCV, leading to degradation of the virus. We propose that GroEL of B. tabaci protects the virus from destruction during its passage through the haemolymph.  (+info)

Histological changes in the rat common carotid artery induced by aneurysmal wrapping and coating materials. (3/777)

Histological changes in and around the arterial walls of rats were investigated following topical application of aneurysmal wrapping and coating materials, including a fibrin glue, a cyanoacrylate glue (Biobond), and cotton fibers (Bemsheet). Bilateral common carotid arteries were exposed using sterile techniques, and one of the test materials was applied to the right artery. The left artery was used as the control. Changes in arterial histology were evaluated at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months after surgery. The fibrin glue was surrounded by intense inflammation at 2 weeks after surgery. Both the fibrin glue and inflammation had disappeared at 2 months, but the glue had induced mild inflammation in the adventitia. Biobond caused chronic inflammation, necrosis of the media, and thickening of the arterial wall due to fibrosis in both the media and adventitia. Bemsheet produced chronic inflammation, progressive fibrosis, and granuloma. Connective tissue increased in the adventitia, but no major changes were observed in the media. The Bemsheet fibers remained unchanged, and adhered to the arterial wall. Although arterial stenoses were not observed in the present study, the results suggest that cyanoacrylate glue can cause the arterial occlusive lesions observed following aneurysm surgery.  (+info)

Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods. (4/777)

Laboratory and room-scale experiments were conducted with natural and synthetic polymers: cotton, paper, wood, wool, acetate, acrylic, nylon, and urethane. Smoke and off-gases from single materials were generated in a dual-compartment 110-liter exposure chamber. Multicomponent, composite fuel loads were burned within a 100 m(3) facility subdivided into rooms. In chamber experiments, mortality depended on the amount of material burned, i.e., fuel consumption (FC). Conventional dose (FC)/mortality curves were obtained, and the amount of fuel required to produce 50% mortality (FC(50)) was calculated. With simple flame ignition, cotton was the only material that produced smoke concentrations lethal to rats; FC(50) values for cotton ranged from 2 g to 9 g, depending on the configuration of the cotton sample burned. When supplemental conductive heat was added to flame ignition, the following FC(50) values were obtained; nylon, 7 g; acrylic, 8 g; newsprint, 9 g; cotton, 10 g; and wood, 11 g. Mortality resulting from any given material depended upon the specific conditions employed for its thermal decomposition. Toxicity of off-gasses from pyrolysis of phosphorus-containing trimethylol propane-polyurethane foams was markedly decreased by addition of a flame ignition source. Further studies are needed to determine the possible relevance of single-material laboratory scale smoke toxicity experiments. Room-scale burns were conducted to assess the relative contributions of single materials to toxicity of smoke produced by a multicomponent self-perpetuating fire. Preliminary results suggest that this approach permits a realistic evaluation of the contribution of single materials to the toxicity of smoke from residential fires.  (+info)

Low levels of nucleotide diversity at homoeologous Adh loci in allotetraploid cotton (Gossypium L.). (5/777)

Levels of genetic diversity within and among populations and species are shaped by both external (population-level) and internal (genomic and genic) evolutionary forces. To address the effect of internal pressures, we estimated nucleotide diversity for a pair of homoeologous Adh loci in an allotetraploid species, Gossypium hirsutum. These data represent the first such estimates for a pair of homoeologous nuclear loci in plants. Estimates of nucleotide diversity for AdhA in Gossypium are lower than those for any plant nuclear gene yet described. This low diversity appears to reflect primarily a history of repeated, severe genetic bottlenecks associated with both speciation and recent domestication, supplemented by an unusually slow nucleotide substitution rate and an autogamous breeding system. While not statistically supportable, the sum of the observations also suggest differential evolutionary dynamics at each of the homoeologous loci.  (+info)

Identification of a novel circular single-stranded DNA associated with cotton leaf curl disease in Pakistan. (6/777)

Recent reports have suggested that cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV), a geminivirus of the genus Begomovirus, may be responsible for cotton leaf curl disease in Pakistan. However, the causal agent of the disease remains unclear as CLCuV genomic components resembling begomovirus DNA A are unable to induce typical disease symptoms when reintroduced into plants. All attempts to isolate a genomic component equivalent to begomovirus DNA B have been unsuccessful. Here, we describe the isolation and characterisation of a novel circular single-stranded (ss) DNA associated with naturally infected cotton plants. In addition to a component resembling DNA A, purified geminate particles contain a smaller unrelated ssDNA that we refer to as DNA 1. DNA 1 was cloned from double-stranded replicative form of the viral DNA isolated from infected cotton plants. Blot hybridisation using probes specific for either CLCuV DNA or DNA 1 was used to demonstrate that both DNAs co-infect naturally infected cotton plants from different geographical locations. DNA 1 was detected in viruliferous Bemisia tabaci and in tobacco plants infected under laboratory conditions using B. tabaci, indicating that it is transmitted by whiteflies. Sequence analysis showed that DNA 1 is approximately half the size of CLCuV DNA but shares no homology, indicating that it is not a defective geminivirus component. DNA 1 has some homology to a genomic component of members of Nanoviridae, a family of DNA viruses that are normally transmitted by aphids or planthoppers. DNA 1 encodes a homologue of the nanovirus replication-associated protein (Rep) and has the capacity to autonomously replicate in tobacco. The data suggest that a nanovirus-like DNA has become whitefly-transmissible as a result of its association with a geminivirus and that cotton leaf curl disease may result from a mutually dependent relationship that has developed between members of two distinct DNA virus families that share a similar replication strategy.  (+info)

Gene-specific changes in alpha-tubulin transcript accumulation in developing cotton fibers. (7/777)

The fibers of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) are single-cell trichomes that undergo rapid and synchronous elongation. Cortical microtubules provide spatial information necessary for the alignment of cellulose microfibrils that confine and regulate cell elongation. We used gene-specific probes to investigate alpha-tubulin transcript levels in elongating cotton fibers. Two discrete patterns of transcript accumulation were observed. Whereas transcripts of alpha-tubulin genes GhTua2/3 and GhTua4 increased in abundance from 10 to 20 d post anthesis (DPA), GhTua1 and GhTua5 transcripts were abundant only through to 14 DPA, and dropped significantly at 16 DPA with the onset of secondary wall synthesis. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of gene-specific changes in tubulin transcript levels during the development of a terminally differentiated plant cell. The decrease in abundance of GhTua1 and GhTua5 transcripts was correlated with pronounced changes in cell wall structure, suggesting that alpha-tubulin isoforms may be functionally distinct in elongating fiber cells. Although total alpha-tubulin transcript levels were much higher in fiber than several other tissues, including the hypocotyl and pollen, none of the alpha-tubulins was specific to fiber cells.  (+info)

Respiratory symptoms in Lancashire textile weavers. (8/777)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate a large population of cotton textile weavers for reported respiratory symptoms relative to occupational factors, smoking, and exposure to dust. Cotton processing is known to produce a respiratory disease known as byssinosis particularly in the early processes of cotton spinning. Relatively little is known about the respiratory health of the cotton weavers who produce cloth from spun cotton. By the time cotton is woven many of the original contaminants have been removed. METHODS: 1295 operatives from a target population of 1428 were given an interviewer led respiratory questionnaire. The presence of upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms were sought and the work relatedness of these symptoms determined by a stem questionnaire design. Also occupational and demographic details were obtained and spirometry and personal dust sampling performed. RESULTS: Byssinosis was present in only four people (0.3%). Chronic bronchitis had a moderate overall prevalence of about 6% and was related predominantly to smoking. There were several other work related respiratory symptoms (persistent cough 3.9%, chronic production of phlegm 3.6%, chest tightness 4.8%, wheezing 5.4%, and breathlessness 2.3%). All of these were predicted predominantly by smoking (either past or present), with no consistent independent effect of exposure to dust. Work related eye and nasal symptoms were more common (10.4% and 16.9% respectively). CONCLUSION: Byssinosis is a rare respiratory symptom in cotton weaving. Other work related respiratory symptoms were reported but their presence was predominantly related to smoking with no consistent effects of exposure to dust.  (+info)

Define Gossypium barbadense. Gossypium barbadense synonyms, Gossypium barbadense pronunciation, Gossypium barbadense translation, English dictionary definition of Gossypium barbadense. Noun 1. Gossypium barbadense - small bushy tree grown on islands of the Caribbean and off the Atlantic coast of the southern United States; yields cotton...
Understanding the evolutionary genetics of modern crop phenotypes has a dual relevance to evolutionary biology and crop improvement. Modern upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was developed following thousands of years of artificial selection from a wild form, G. hirsutum var. yucatanense, which bears a shorter, sparser, layer of single-celled, ovular trichomes (fibre). In order to gain an insight into the nature of the developmental genetic transformations that accompanied domestication and crop improvement, we studied the transcriptomes of cotton fibres from wild and domesticated accessions over a developmental time course. Fibre cells were harvested between 2 and 25 days post-anthesis and encompassed the primary and secondary wall synthesis stages. Using amplified messenger RNA and a custom microarray platform designed to interrogate expression for 40,430 genes, we determined global patterns of expression during fibre development. The fibre transcriptome of domesticated cotton is far more dynamic
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are conserved signal transduction pathways in all eukaryotic organisms. MAPKKKs (MAPK kinase kinases) operate at the top levels of these cascades. Recently, this family of genes has been systematically investigated in Arabidopsis, rice and maize, but has not yet been characterized in cotton. In this study, we identified 78 putative MAPKKK genes in the genome of the diploid cotton, Gossypium raimondii. They were classified into three subfamilies, of which 12 were ZIK, 22 were MEKK and 44 were Raf. The ZIK and MEKK genes displayed a scattered genomic distribution across 11 of the 13 chromosomes, whereas Raf genes were distributed across the entire genome. Their conserved patterns observed for introns and additional domains were consistent with the evolutionary relationships inferred from the phylogenetic analysis within subfamily. Transcriptome sequencing data were used to investigate their transcript profiles in mature leaves, 0 day and 3 days post
Measurement or estimation of leaf area is essential for understanding crop responses to experimental treatments. The objective of this study was to develop regression models for estimating leaf area of field-grown cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) from measurements of leaf dry weight (LDW), vegetative components (stems and leaves) dry weight (VDW) and plant height (PH). Three cotton cultivars (Deltapine 25, Sahel and Siokra 324) with different leaf morphologies were grown under varying growth conditions created by four different planting dates in a temperate sub-humid environment (Gorgan, Iran). Leaf area, LDW, VDW and PH were measured at one month after emergence, squaring, flowering, bolling, boll opening and second harvest. Data set for validation was collected during growing season of 2003 in different experiments. Measured leaf area ranged from 170 to 8167 cm2 plant -1. Different regression models were examined for describing leaf area relationships to LDW, VDW and PH. It was found that the power
Genome sequence plays an important role both in basic and applied studies. Gossypium raimondii, the putative contributor of the D subgenome of Upland cotton (G. hirsutum), highlights the need to improve the genome quality in a rapid and efficient way. Here, we performed Hi-C ...
Weeds burden plant growth as they compete for space, sunlight, and soil nutrients leading to 25-80% yield losses. Glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] is a widely used broad spectrum non-selective herbicide that controls weeds by inhibiting 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) enzyme and interfering with the shikimate biosynthesis pathway. Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is one of the most important commercial crops grown worldwide for its fiber. We have developed herbicide tolerant transgenic cotton (cv. P8-6) by introgression of a codon-optimized and modified EPSPS gene (CP4-EPSPS) possessing an N-terminal chloroplast targeting peptide from Petunia hybrida. Because of the recalcitrant nature of cotton, a genotype-independent non-tissue culture-based apical meristem-targeted in planta transformation approach was used to develop transformants. Although in planta transformation methodologies are advantageous in developing a large number of transgenic plants, effective screening
The invention relates to the novel cotton variety designated 04T048. Provided by the invention are the seeds, plants, plant parts and derivatives of the cotton variety 04T048. Also provided by the invention are tissue cultures of the cotton variety 04T048 and the plants regenerated therefrom. Still further provided by the invention are methods for producing cotton plants by crossing the cotton variety 04T048 with itself or another cotton variety and plants produced by such methods.
Define Gossypium. Gossypium synonyms, Gossypium pronunciation, Gossypium translation, English dictionary definition of Gossypium. Noun 1. Gossypium - herbs and shrubs and small trees: cotton genus Gossypium dilleniid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced dicotyledonous trees and...
Robust information of genetic diversity among Bt cotton genotypes is still lacking and availability of several marker systems has prompted us to compare their utility for the detection of genetic diversity. Here, we report the comparative efficiency of morphological and molecular markers (EST-SSRs and ISSRs) in determining the genetic diversity among 30 Pakistani Bt cotton genotypes. Three different dendrograms based on 20 EST-SSRs, 13 ISSRs and 20 morphological markers divided the 30 Bt cotton genotypes into five, six, and three clusters, respectively. EST-SSRs and ISSRs revealed 0.73-1.00 and 0.77-0.97 genetics similarity among Bt cotton genotypes which indicated low level of genetic diversity. Further population structure analysis showed extensive allelic admixture among Bt cotton cultivars and identified three (EST-SSRs) and six (ISSRs) subgroups. The MGHES-31 (EST-SSRs) and UBC-807 and UBC-815 (ISSRs) showed maximum values of Polymorphic Information Contents(PIC) and Dj and had low value of Cj. The
ESTATE CROPS NEWS - Cotton production areas in Indonesia are arable land with lack of water availability. The aim of this study was to obtain cotton lines tolerant to drought using PEG-6000 at germination stage. The experiment was conducted at the Seed Testing Laboratory in Indonesian Sweetener and Fiber Crops Research Institute, from April to June 2012.. Treatments were arranged in a Split Plots design with two replications. The main plot was PEG-6000 (-3 bar) and without PEG-6000 (water), while the subplot was 13 cotton lines and Kanesia 14 variety. Seed cotton was treated with 80% Mancozeb fungicide dose of 2g/kg seed before sowing. Parameters observed were germination percentage, shoot and root length, shoot and root weight, ratio of root/shoot length, and drought susceptibility index. Seedling was counted as normal if its length more than 0.5 cm. PEG-6000 treatment gives very significant effect on the decline on seed germination, shoot and root length, shoot and root weight. Otherwise, ...
Cotton is the worlds primary fiber crop and is a major agricultural commodity in over 30 countries. Like many other global commodities, sustainable cotton production is challenged by restricted natural resources. In response to the anticipated increase of agricultural water demand, a major research direction involves developing crops that use less water or that use water more efficiently. In this study, our objective was to identify differentially expressed genes in response to water deficit stress in cotton. A global expression analysis using cDNA-Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism was conducted to compare root and leaf gene expression profiles from a putative drought resistant cotton cultivar grown under water deficit stressed and well watered field conditions. We identified a total of 519 differentially expressed transcript derived fragments. Of these, 147 transcript derived fragment sequences were functionally annotated according to their gene ontology. Nearly 70 percent of transcript derived
Cotton varieties expressing Cry proteins derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are grown worldwide for the management of pest Lepidoptera. To prevent non-target pest outbreaks and to retain the biological control function provided by predators and parasitoids, the potential risk that Bt crops may pose to non-target arthropods is addressed prior to their commercialization. Aphids play an important role in agricultural systems since they serve as prey or host to a number of predators and parasitoids and their honeydew is an important energy source for several arthropods. To explore possible indirect effects of Bt crops we here examined the impact of Bt cotton on aphids and their honeydew. In climate chambers we assessed the performance of cotton aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) when grown on three Indian Bt (Cry1Ac) cotton varieties (MECH 12, MECH 162, MECH 184) and their non-transformed near isolines. Furthermore, we examined whether aphids pick up the Bt
Drought stress is one of the major abiotic factors affecting crop growth and limiting production worldwide. Cotton genotypes vary in drought tolerance, and the effects of drought stress on the anatomy and physiology of cotton leaves and roots have been reported. However, information on physiological and metabolic processes of leaves and flowers of modern cotton cultivars under water-deficit stress during reproductive development is not well elucidated. It was hypothesized that water-deficit stress during squaring and flowering stages would impair stomatal conductance and photosynthetic efficiency of leaves, which consequently would result in osmotic adjustment through accumulation of compatible solutes, increased activity of enzymes, and perturbation of carbohydrates metabolism in leaves and flowers of cotton plants, and differences in drought tolerance among the genotypes would exist. Therefore, field and growth room experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of water-deficit stress during
Non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) had been previously isolated from cotton fiber but their functions were unclear so far. Bioinformatic analysis of the tetraploid cotton genome database identified 138 nsLTP genes, falling into the 11 groups as reported previously. Different from Arabidopsis, cacao, and other crops, cotton type XI genes were considerably expanded and diverged earlier on chromosome At11, Dt11, and Dt08. Corresponding to the type XI genes, the type XI proteins (GhLtpXIs) all contained an extra N-terminal cap resulting in larger molecular weight. The research revealed that the expression of type XI genes was dramatically increased in fibers of tetraploid cotton compared with the two diploid progenitors. High-level of GhLtpXIs expression was observed in long-fibered cotton cultivars during fiber elongation. Ectopic expression of GhLtpXIs in Arabidopsis significantly enhanced trichome length, suggesting that GhLtpXIs promoted fiber elongation. Overall, the findings of this
A stain-clearing method, which facilitated the analysis of large numbers of ovules, was developed using methyl salicylate (MS) and azure C, and used with real-time video imaging and image capture. The ability to modulate contrast and illumination intensity using video made it feasible to reduce stain intensity and thus light interference from the specimen. Samples stained and cleared were used as whole mounts which allowed the specimen to be oriented for precise analysis. Of 440 semigamous zygotes examined 439 had one egg and one sperm nucleus resulting from syngamy without karyogamy indicating semigamy is completely expressed. All phenotypes observed in semigamous cotton seedlings appear to arise as products of zygote division. Haploid and tetraploid sectors may result from relative spindle positions, orientation, and the tendency for nearby telophase chromosomes to form a common nucleus. Semigamous endosperm nuclei are triploid, but fusion was never observed. Endosperm may be a result of ...
Find Cotton Plant garage sales, Cotton Plant yard sales and Cotton Plant estate sales by viewing a map. Plan your next Cotton Plant weekend bargain hunting trip on gsalr.com
The glycogen synthase kinase 3/shaggy kinase (GSK3) is a serine/threonine kinase with important roles in animals. Although GSK3 genes have been studied for more than 30 years, plant GSK genes have been studied only since the last decade. Previous research has confirmed that plant GSK genes are involved in diverse processes, including floral development, brassinosteroid signaling, and responses to abiotic stresses. In this study, 20, 15 (including 5 different transcripts) and 10 GSK genes were identified in G. hirsutum, G. raimondii and G. arboreum, respectively. A total of 65 genes from Arabidopsis, rice, and cotton were classified into 4 clades. High similarities were found in GSK3 protein sequences, conserved motifs, and gene structures, as well as good concordance in gene pairwise comparisons (G. hirsutum vs. G. arboreum, G. hirsutum vs. G. raimondii, and G. arboreum vs. G. raimondii) were observed. Whole genome duplication (WGD) within At and Dt sub-genomes has been central to the expansion of the
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Due to fast spread of genetically modified (GM) Bt-cotton, organic farmers in India were suddenly exposed to a severe shortage of non-GM seed threatening the organic cotton production. Therefore, organic cotton grower organisations got engaged in decentralized participatory cotton breeding to develop their own locally adapted cultivars and to reintroduce the traditional more robust Desi cotton species. By engaging and training advisors and farmers using participatory methods, they became researchers and breeders. The close collaboration with the textile industry ensures that the market demand is also met. Training of male and female farmers in cultivar selection and seed propagation made them independent from global seed companies. Participatory breeding is an important tool to get prepared for future challenges like climate change and at the same time strengthens the relationship along the value chain. The project can serve as a successful model for other organisations and crops. ...
Brako, L. and Zarucchi, J.L. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: 1-1286.. CDC (Centro de Datos para la Conservación). 1998. Estado de conservación de Puya raimondii (Harms): evaluación y sugerencias para un plan de acción. CDC-Bolivia (Centro de Datos para la Conservación/TROPICO), La Paz.. Fjeldså, J. and Kessler, M. 1996. Conserving the biological diversity of Polylepis woodlands of the highland of Peru and Bolivia. NORDECO, Copenhagen.. Givnish, T.J. Millam, K.C., Evans, T.M., Hall, J.C., Pires, J.C., Berry, P.E. and Sytsma, K.J. 2004. Ancient vicariance or recent long distance dispersal? Inferences about phylogeny and South American - African disjunction in Rapateaceae and Bromeliaceae based on n dhF sequence data. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: S35-S54.. Hartmann, O. 1981. Puya raimondii cada vez son menos. Boletín de Lima 10: 79-83.. Horres, R., Zizka, G., Kahl, G. and ...
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I had a reader send me this experience, stressing the importance of using organically grown cotton roots. I am writing concerning your section on cotton root bark. (I am writing from my friends e-mail account, Im not actually male. :) ) In any case, I would like to add a strong prohibition on using cotton root bark from standard agricultural sources (chemical laden farming, as you had written). I live in Memphis, directly across the Mississippi from the cotton fields of Arkansas. Three years ago I became very frightened of pregnancy, having had irresponsible sex during my fertile time. I read up in my herbal books, trucked myself over to Arkansas and dug roots. I peeled roots for an hour and made a mild tea because I had no dosage knowledge and began with the very smallest amount of root I could snip away. Within an hour I had cold chills, shakes, and I had my period two days later. This may *seem* like success, but during the time I was in my comforter with the chills and shaking I was *very ...
Cultivated Upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., is a partially diploidized allotetraploid species with relatively low levels of genetic diversity. Genetic gain through traditional breeding approaches is thus impeded. The wild species of the primary and secondary gene pools of cotton are approachable sources of agronomic traits of interest, but biological, cytogenetic, genetic and reproductive incompatibilities can impede progress. Genomic markers can alleviate certain difficulties, and expedite selective transfer of exotic species germplasm into one or more elite genotypes of a crop species. Coordinated development of Chromosome Segment Substitution Lines (CSSLs) using markers can in principle lead to complete representation of an alien genome in a cultivated crop. Co-released with the CottonSNP63K Array, a BeadChip array for high-throughput genotyping of cotton, was a cluster file designed to facilitate automated genotype-calling germplasm from the primary genepool. Reported here is a new ...
The international research team led by Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and BGI have completed the genome sequence and analysis of a diploid cotton- Gossypium raimondii. The cotton genome provides an invaluable ...
Cotton Plant, Cotton Root Bark, Cotonnier, Gossypium Album (Ham.), Short Staple, Gossypium Nigrum, Ham., Sea Island cotton.. ...
Virescence, as a recognizable phenotype in the early development stage of cotton, is not only available for research on chloroplast development and photosynthesis but also for heterosis exploitation in cotton. In current study, for fine mapping of virescent-1 (v1) in cotton, three populations with a total of 5 678 individuals were constructed using T582 which has the virescent trait. Tobacco rattle virus, TRV1 and TRV2 (pYL156), were used as vectors for the virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) assay. The v1 gene was fine-mapped to a 20 kb interval on chromosome 20 of tetraploid cotton. We identified only one candidate gene with four single nucleotide polymorphisms between parents, among which the single nucleotide polymorphism at the position of 1 082 base pair caused the change of amino acid residue from Arg (3-79) to Lys (T582). The relative expression of the candidate gene in virescent plants was extensively lower than that in normal plants. Nullification of the gene by VIGS significantly turned the
Abstract (provisional) Background Cotton is the worlds most important natural textile fiber and a significant oilseed crop. Decoding cotton genomes will provide the ultimate reference and resource for research and utilization of the species. Integration of high-density genetic maps with genomic sequence information will largely accelerate the process of whole-genome assembly in cotton. Results In this paper, we update a high-density interspecific genetic linkage map of allotetraploid cultivated cotton. An additional 1,167 marker loci have been added to our previously published map of 2,247 loci. Three new marker types, InDel (insertion-deletion) and SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) developed from gene information, and REMAP (retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism), were used to increase map density. The updated map consists of 3,414 loci in 26 linkage groups covering 3,667.62 cM with an average inter-locus distance of 1.08 cM. Furthermore, genome-wide sequence analysis was
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Cotton Leaf Curl Disease is among the most destroying viral catastrophe that causes tremendous loss to cotton yield particularly in Pakistan during the past 20
Interpretive Summary: A comparison of P and Q strains of Trichoderma virens for efficacy as biocontrol agents of cotton seedling diseases showed that Q strains gave good control while P strains did not. Tests in non pathogen-infested soil with P and Q strain treated seeds, showed that P strains were pathogenic to susceptible cotton cultivars, while Q strains were not. Assays of the strains for phytotoxin production, lytic enzyme activity, metabolism of pathogen germination stimulants, and induction of fungitoxic compounds in cotton roots, showed that both P and Q strains were the same, except for induction of fungitoxins. The results showed that Q strains induced high levels of fungitoxins in cotton roots, while P strains did not. These data indicate that while both groups are weak pathogens of cotton, induction of fungitoxins by the Q strains inhibits their further development in the plant, while failure of the P strains to induce phytotoxins in the roots allows them ...
Knowledge of the inheritance of disease resistance and genomic regions housing resistance (R) genes is essential to prevent expanding pathogen threats such as Fusarium wilt [Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (FOV) Atk. Sny & Hans] in cotton (Gossypium spp.). We conducted a comprehensive study combining conventional inheritance, genetic and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping, QTL marker-sequence composition, and genome sequencing to examine the distribution, structure and organization of disease R genes to race 1 of FOV in the cotton genome. Molecular markers were applied to F(2) and recombinant inbred line (RIL) interspecific mapping populations from the crosses Pima-S7 (G. barbadense L.) × Acala NemX (G. hirsutum L.) and Upland TM-1 (G. hirsutum) × Pima 3-79 (G. barbadense), respectively. Three greenhouse tests and one field test were used to obtain sequential estimates of severity index (DSI) of leaves, and vascular stem and root staining (VRS). A single resistance gene model was ...
Topics: Evolutionary Biology, Ecology, Plant Biology, Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified, cotton aphid management strategies, 3- year survey, aphid-parasitoid interactions, aphid parasitoids, parasitoid community-associated assemblage, Xinjiang cotton fields, parasitism levels, parasitoid species, cotton fields, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, cotton seedling period ...
The Gossypium hirsutum cv. Liaomian No. 9 were mutagenized by 60Co γ ray, from which the mutant line Zhonghuzhi PI 935 (be called PI 935 for short) was bred by family selection method. The PI 935 not only has some good traits (growing period, drought tolerance, lint color and fiber quality) similar to the original cultivar, but also has higher lint outturn and lint yield than that of the Liaomian No. 9. The PI 935 has been identified and regional tested in nine places times for four years in the southern Xinjiang Weiwuer autonomous region. It was shown that the PI 935 had the higher lint outturn for the average 47.3 % was ten-point percentage more than that of the check cultivars (Junmian No. 1 or Xinluzhong No. 5 ) , the similar lint yield by and large and the growing period by five days later than that of the checks. The PI 935 was collected in the National Bank of Crop Germplasm (u-nified No. ZM 114274 and named Zhonghuzhi PI 935).
L. Lin, Pierce, G. J., Bowers, J. E., Estill, J. C., Compton, R. O., Rainville, L. K., Kim, C., Lemke, C., Rong, J., and Tang, H., A draft physical map of a D-genome cotton species (Gossypium raimondii), BMC genomics, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 395, 2010. ...
L. Lin, Pierce, G. J., Bowers, J. E., Estill, J. C., Compton, R. O., Rainville, L. K., Kim, C., Lemke, C., Rong, J., and Tang, H., A draft physical map of a D-genome cotton species (Gossypium raimondii), BMC genomics, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 395, 2010. ...
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds. The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile. The use of cotton for fabric is known to date to prehistoric times; fragments of cotton fabric dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and between 6000 BC and 5000 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization. Although cultivated since antiquity, it was the invention of the cotton gin that lowered the cost of production that led ...
Description: Plant architecture is an important agronomic trait driven by meristematic activities. Indeterminate meristems set repeating phytomers while determinate meristems produce terminal structures. The centroradialis/terminal flower1/self pruning (CETS) gene family modulates architecture by controlling determinate and indeterminate growth. Cotton (G. hirsutum) is naturally a photoperiodic perennial cultivated as a day-neutral annual. Management of this fiber crop is complicated by continued vegetative growth and asynchronous fruit set. Here, cotton CETS genes are phylogenetically and functionally characterized. We identified eight CETS genes in diploid cotton (G. raimondii and G. arboreum) and sixteen in tetraploid G. hirsutum that grouped within the three generally accepted CETS clades: flowering locus T (FT)-like, terminal flower1/self pruning (TFL1/SP)-like, and mother of FT and TFL1 (MFT)-like. Over-expression of single flower truss (GhSFT), the ortholog to Arabidopsis FT, accelerates ...
If GE cotton fields are not soaked with insecticides and non-GE cotton fields are soaked with insecticides, the GE cotton fields will have more living insects of all types. This is kind of obvious. The null hypothesis is what happens when you compare insect populations on GE and non-GE cotton fields without any application of any insecticides on either field. This is a classic example of the experimenter putting his thumb on the butchers scale and then getting exactly the result they predicted. It is not science; it is marketing.. ...
Texas cattle producers exploring option of feeding whole cotton plants - Texas cattle producers exploring option of feeding whole cotton plants October 21 2011 By: Blair Fannin COLLEGE STATION Texas beef producers are exploring the use of whole co...
ALEXANDRIA - The LSU AgCenter will host a field day at its Dean Lee Research Station Aug. 26.. Known as the Rapides Parish/Dean Lee Crop Field Day, this third annual event is slated to start at 3 p.m. Aug. 26 at the research station south of Alexandria.. The field day will feature two concurrent tours of fields where LSU AgCenter research is being conducted - one focusing on cotton research and the other on feed grain studies.. Presentations on cotton defoliation by LSU AgCenter cotton specialist Dr. Sandy Stewart and on feed grain variety developments and the soybean verification program by feed grain specialist Dr. David Lanclos will be included on both tours.. In addition, the cotton tour will include talks on plant population and Pix research by Stewart and graduate student Jonathan Siebert, on cotton varieties and late-season insect management by Stewart and LSU AgCenter entomologist Dr. Ralph Bagwell and on cotton weed control with herbicides and their development by research station ...
Abstract: Coronatine [COR] is a novel type of plant growth regulator with similarities in structure and property to jasmonate. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between increased root vitality induced by 10nM COR and reactive oxygen species scavenging under potassium (K)-replete (2.5mM) and K-deficient (0.05mM) conditions in hydroponic cultured cotton seedlings. K-replete and K-deficient conditions increased root vitality by 2.7- and 3.5-fold, respectively. COR treatment significantly decreased lipid peroxidation in cotton seedlings determined by reduction in MDA levels. These results suggest that COR improves the functioning of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant systems. Under K-replete and K-deficient conditions, COR significantly increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD (only for K-repletion), CAT, GPX, and APX comparing; COR also significantly increased DPPH-radical scavenging activity. However, COR led to 1.6- and 1.7-fold increases in ...
When they allow livestock to graze on the Bt cotton plants after harvest, thousands of sheep, goats, and buffalo died. Numerous others got sick. I visited one village where for seven to eight years they allowed their buffalo to graze on natural cotton plants without incident. But on January 3rd, 2008, they allowed their 13 buffalo to graze on Bt cotton plants for the first time. After just one days exposure, all died. The village also lost 26 goats and sheep.. One small study in Andhra Pradesh reported that all six sheep that grazed on Bt cotton plants died within a month, while the three controls fed natural cotton plants showed no adverse symptoms.. Living pesticide factories inside us?. Getting back to the Bt-toxin now circulating in the blood of North American adults and newborns-how did it get there? The study authors speculate that it was consumed in the normal diet of the Canadian middle class. They even suggest that the toxin may have come from eating meat from animals fed Bt corn-as ...
In the scope of our ongoing researchers on antioxidant compounds, twenty four extracts and fractions obtained from Piper arboreum Aublet and Piper tuberculatum Jacq. (Piperaceae) were screened for radical scavenging capacity (RSC) by using DPPH colorimetric assay. The strongest activity was found in ethyl acetate fractions from the leaves of P. arboreum (IC50 = 5.70 μg/mL) and P. tuberculatum (IC50 = 8.40 μg/mL). Hydromethanol fractions of the leaves of P. tuberculatum and P. arboreum showed moderate RSC, with values of IC50 (μg/mL) of 11.9 and 19.2, respectively. Additionally, a brief phytochemical study of the ethyl acetate fraction of P. arboreum leaves affording quercetin (1) and quercitrin (2), two flavonols with antioxidant activity previously described in the literature ...
Jasmonic acid (JA) signaling has been well studied in Arabidopsis. Most reports focus on the role of JA in biological pathways, such as stress resistance, trichome initiation and anthocyanin accumulation. The JASMONATE ZIM-DOMAIN (JAZ) protein is one of the important repressors in the JA signaling pathway. Previous studies showed that JA functions in fiber initiation and elongation, but little is known about how JAZ genes function in fiber development. In this study, a cotton JAZ protein (GhJAZ2) containing a highly conserved TIFY motif and a C-terminal Jas domain was identified, and its function during cotton fiber development was analysed. Gene expression analysis showed that GhJAZ2 was preferentially expressed in the root, hypocotyl, flower and ovule 1 day before anthesis. Overexpression of GhJAZ2 inhibited both lint and fuzz fiber initiation, and reduced the fiber length. Yeast two-hybrid assays showed that GhJAZ2 interacted with the R2R3-MYB transcription factors GhMYB25-like and GhGL1, the bHLH
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Additional file 6 of Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic basis of fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
Aphis gossypii Glover is a major pest of cotton and can severely affect cotton yield and lint quality. In this study, the efficacy of sulfoxaflor applied via drip irrigation and foliar spray on controlling cotton aphids was evaluated in 2016 and 2017 in Xinjiang, China. The distribution of sulfoxaflor in cotton roots, stems, leaves, and aphids, as well as its effects on two natural enemies of aphids, were also investigated. Results showed that sulfoxaflor applied through drip irrigation mainly concentrated in leaves and provided effective control of cotton aphids for 40 days, compared to 20 days when applied through foliar spray. Furthermore, drip application resulted in much lower sulfoxaflor concentrations in aphids than foliar spray. As a result, ladybird beetle and lacewing populations were higher in drip applied plants than in foliar sprayed plants. Additionally, the cost of drip irrigation was lower than foliar spray as cotton plants are commonly irrigated via drip irrigation in Xinjiang. Our
Drought is a major environmental stress that reduces cotton yield and fiber quality. Due to the inherent difficulties of studying fiber tissue and the lack of markers to monitor the fiber development, little is known about the molecular processes that are critical to the formation of high quality fiber and the association of these processes with drought tolerance in cotton (their performance under drought). In 2011-2012, we studied the impacts of drought on fiber development and fiber quality traits, using transgenic cotton plants harboring a cellulose synthase A1 (CesA1) genepromoter and a GUS reporter construct. CesA1 is a critical gene for fiber secondary cell wall development. This promoter-reporter system allows us to monitor molecular changes inside fiber cell during fiber development. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and other instruments were employed to examine structural changes of fiber cell during secondary cell wall synthesis. Fiber quality traits of mature fibers were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Viability and germination of seeds of Puya raimondii Harms (Bromeliaceae). AU - Vadillo, Giovana. AU - Suni, Mery. AU - Cano, Asunción. PY - 2004/1/1. Y1 - 2004/1/1. N2 - Puya raimondii Harms is an endemic species of the highlands of Peru and Bolivia between 3200 to 4800 m of altitude with noticeable great size and beauty. It is considered threatened species; therefore it is urgent to know the factors that affect its viability and germination of their seeds; aspects focused work presently. The seeds were collected in 1999 and 2000 in Huashta Cruz (Pueblo Libre, Ancash, Peru) and they classified as lots (considering their origin and appearance). They were determined their moisture content and the viability (quality). By means of germination tests, it was evaluated in 5 lots the effect of the light and temperature. The seeds presented different viability which depended on the conditions they were exposed in situ and that it is correlated inversely with its content of humidity, ...
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of cotton fibers harvested at different stages of development were acquired using Universal Attenuated Total Reflectance FTIR (UATR-FTIR). The main goal of the study was to monitor cell wall changes occurring during different phases of cotton fiber development. Two cultivars of Gossypium hirsutum L. were planted in a greenhouse (Texas Marker-1 and TX55). O ...
Presented by M di-T. GOSSYPIUM.. Gossypium herbaceum, L. (include G. album, Ham., short staple, and G. nigrum, Ham., Sea Island cotton).. Natural order, Malvace . Common name, Cotton plant.. Preparation, Tincture of the root.. Authority. Dr. W. Williamson; proving by a lady (dose not mentioned); Hahnemannian Monthly, 4, 315.. MIND. ► Uneasiness and anxiety, with sighing.. HEAD. ► Pain, first drawing, then stinging, extending from both temporal bones to middle of frontal bone. ► Stinging pain in head, going from forehead to vertex. ► Knocking pain in right parietal bone.. EYE. ► Drawing pain over the eyes, with stinging pain in the pupils.. NOSE. ► Both nostrils swollen and inflamed, the left one most.. MOUTH. ► Taste of bad (rotten) eggs (similar to the taste produced by large doses of Hepar. sulph., and is that of sulphuretted hydrogen); better after breakfast.. THROAT. ► Tonsils much swollen, the right one most.. STOMACH. ► Nausea, with accumulation of saliva in mouth. ...
In this study, waste cotton fabric was used as cellulose raw material and pretreated in aqueous NaOH/urea solution system to investigate the effect of NaOH/urea pretreatment solution on the hydrolysis of cotton fiber. The cotton fiber was pretreated with different conditions of aqueous NaOH/urea solution, and the pretreated cotton fiber was hydrolyzed under the same conditions as the original cotton fiber. The results of characterization analysis showed that water retention value of pretreated cotton fiber was higher than that of unpretreated sample. Moreover, the cotton fiber presented both a convoluted structure and a coarser surface, XRD results suggested that the crystallinity degree of cellulose decreased dramatically, more cellulose II appeared, and the hydrogen bond is broken. Among the different pretreatment conditions, the pretreatment effect was the best when the reaction temperature was 0°C, the solid-liquid ratio was 2:50, and the NaOH/urea ratio was 7:12. The hydrolysis
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There is a renewed interest in research and use of glandless (free of gossypol) Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) that can produce edible seeds for human food and animal feed. However, there was a lack of information on yield potential of existing glandless germplasm since intermittent breeding activities for glandless cotton were stopped in the U.S. before 2000. The objectives of the present study were to test obsolete and exotic glandless germplasm for possible production and evaluate progress in direct pedigree selection within the existing glandless germplasm in eight field tests. In multiple tests, the glandless cotton Acala GLS yielded only 65-80 % lint of the glanded control Acala 1517-08 and 46-75 % lint of commercial transgenic cultivars. Most of obsolete glandless germplasm and their selections yielded ,70 % of Acala 1517-08 and only three selections yielded 82-89 % of the control. Genetic variation in yield and fiber quality traits was seen from significant differences between ...
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Oxydendrum arboreum, commonly called sourwood or sorrel tree, is a deciduous understory tree that is native to the eastern United States from Pennsylvania south to Florida and Louisiana. It is perhaps most commonly found on rocky wooded slopes in the Appalachian Mountains, often growing in combination with other heath family members (e.g., azaleas and rhododendrons) that share the same acidic soil preferences. In cultivation, it typically grows 20-25 tall with a straight, slender trunk and narrow oblong crown. In the wild, it may reach 50-60 tall. Gray bark on mature trees is fissured, ridged and scaly. Finely-toothed, glossy green leaves (to 5-8 long) are reminiscent of peach. Leaves have a sour taste, hence the common name. Leaves produce consistently excellent fall color, typically turning crimson red. Waxy, lily-of-the-valley-like, white flowers bloom on slender, drooping, one-sided terminal panicles (4-8 long) in early summer. Flowers have a slight fragrance. Flower panicle stems ...
Rhododendron arboreum, traditionally used as a folk remedy by the people of North-East India was investigated for its effects on apoptotic induction and cell c...
Cottonseed oil is a cooking oil extracted from the seeds of cotton plants of various species, mainly Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium herbaceum, that are grown for cotton fiber, animal feed, and oil. Cotton seed has a similar structure to other oilseeds such as sunflower seed, having an oil-bearing kernel surrounded by a hard outer hull; in processing, the oil is extracted from the kernel. Cottonseed oil is used for salad oil, mayonnaise, salad dressing, and similar products because of its flavor stability. Its fatty acid profile generally consists of 70% unsaturated fatty acids (18% monounsaturated, and 52% polyunsaturated), 26% saturated fatty acids. When it is fully hydrogenated, its profile is 94% saturated fat and 2% unsaturated fatty acids (1.5% monounsaturated, and 0.5% polyunsaturated). According to the cottonseed oil industry, cottonseed oil does not need to be hydrogenated as much as other polyunsaturated oils to achieve similar results. Gossypol is a toxic, yellow, polyphenolic ...
Citation: Bowling, A.J., Vaughn, K.C., Turley, R.B. 2010. Polysaccharide and glycoprotein distribution in the epidermis of cotton ovules during early fiber initiation and growth. Protoplasma. 248:579-590. Interpretive Summary: Cotton is our most important fiber crop but little is known of the early events associated with fiber initiation and elongation. To investigate this, scientists in the Southern Weed Science Research Unit and Crop Genetics and Production Research Unit probed initiating cotton fibers with antibodies that recognize components of the cell wall. These studies indicate that cotton fibers are differentiated from adjacent non-fiber cells with respect to pectin and protein components as early as one day post the opening of the flower. From these data, we could predict the enzyme machinery responsible for the differentiation of the fiber cells from the non-fiber cells and will use these data to determine genes of importance in fiber development. Technical Abstract: The cotton fiber ...
Cotton aphids can be a persistent problem in Louisiana cotton throughout the growing season. The cotton aphid is considerably variable in size and color with adults and nymphs ranging from yellow to green to black with winged and wingless forms appearing in mixed populations throughout a field. Cotton aphids have piercing-sucking mouth parts that allow them to feed on the phloem of developing cotton plants. Phloem is primarily composed of carbohydrates and contains little amino acids requiring aphids to continuously feed to satisfy their amino acid requirements. As a result of constant feeding, aphids must excrete large amounts of waste termed honey dew that has a very high sugar content and facilitates the growth of sooty mold fungi. Large amounts of sooty mold can coat the surface of leaves blocking sunlight and interfering with photosynthesis. Honey dew, when deposited on open bolls, can also cause sticky cotton resulting in ginning problems.. Cotton aphids prefer cooler temperatures and ...
All cotton especially 2-gene cotton varieties (Bollgard II, Widestrike, and TwinLink) should be scouted for bollworms, these technologies have seen worms make it through the Bt proteins over the last few years throughout the Cotton Belt. Cotton varieties with 3 Bt genes (Bollgard III, Widestrike 3, and TwinLink Plus) should still be scouted for live worms. When checking fields for bollworms we need to check not only the terminal of the plant for young larvae, but also need to be checking squares, bolls, and bloom tags for larvae and/or feeding damage.. The economic threshold or bollworm varies based on the crops growth stage. In fields that have not started blooming the economic threshold is 8 or more worms ¼ or larger per 100 plants, or when population threaten to reduce square retention below 80 percent. Once fields start blooming the economic threshold is 6 percent damaged squares and/or bolls with worms present.. Stink bugs have been found in older cotton on the western side of Hill ...
Field evaluation of foliar and soil insecticides for the control of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) on potatoes in Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 7(5): 667- 675 ...
Uzbekistan has abruptly recalled thousands of school teachers, college students and healthcare workers from cotton fields, halting a practice condemned abroad as forced labor, government officials and other sources told Reuters on Friday.
Longevity and competence were studied in planulae of several species of Red Sea soft corals, including the zooxanthellate planulae of Litophyton arboreum, Nephthea sp. and Xenia umbellata, and the azooxanthellate planulae of Parerythropodium fulvum fulvum and Dendronephthya hemprichi. The relationship between presence of zooxanthellae in the planulae and their competence, longevity and caloric content was examined. Planulae of X. umbellata and D. hemprichi had the longest competency of 76 and 74 d, respectively, planulae of P. f. fulvum were competent for a maximal period of 64 d, and planulae of L. arboreum and Nephthea sp. showed a similar competency of 57 d. The highest longevity of 155 d was found in planulae of X. umbellata. Planulae of P. f. fulvum, D. hemprichi and L. arboreum had maximum longevities of 76, 81 and 92 d, respectively. No significant differences existed between the competence or longevity of the zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate planulae. The ratio of the maximum values of ...
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BACKGROUND: Normalizing through reference genes, or housekeeping genes, can make more accurate and reliable results from reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Recent studies have shown that no single housekeeping gene is universal for all experiments. Thus, suitable reference genes should be the first step of any qPCR analysis. Only a few studies on the identification of housekeeping gene have been carried on plants. Therefore qPCR studies on important crops such as cotton has been hampered by the lack of suitable reference genes.. RESULTS: By the use of two distinct algorithms, implemented by geNorm and NormFinder, we have assessed the gene expression of nine candidate reference genes in cotton: GhACT4, GhEF1alpha5, GhFBX6, GhPP2A1, GhMZA, GhPTB, GhGAPC2, GhbetaTUB3 and GhUBQ14. The candidate reference genes were evaluated in 23 experimental samples consisting of six distinct plant organs, eight stages of flower development, four stages of fruit ...
This testimony concerned the work of NIOSH in the field of controlling worker exposure to cotton dust. Chronic conditions associated with cotton dust inhalation, including byssinosis, contribute to a large extent to the total number of the respiratory system diseases found in the labor force. NIOSH supported OSHA in proposing a standard consistent with the strategy of protecting the respiratory he
The University of Arizonas Dr. Judith Brown, who has extensive expertise in plant pathology (virology and vector biology), says, Cotton blue disease has been associated with the exotic Cotton leafroll dwarf virus in Argentina and Brazil. The virus is thought to be endemic in Africa or Asia and has spread to South America only recently. During 2017, an aphid-transmitted polerovirus, was identified for the first time infecting cotton plants in Alabama.. During the Cotton Disease Council session at the 2019 Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Auburn University plant pathologist Dr. Kathy Lawrence provided the Alabama backstory about cotton blue disease. She says she was first alerted to a problem in the field on Aug. 29, 2017, in a phone call from Drew Schrimsher, an agronomist with Agri-AFC. He asked her come to the field to see the cotton leaf deformation that looked a lot like herbicide damage but was not.. On Aug. 31, we loaded up and went to visit Drew in the cotton field, Lawrence says. We ...
Plant annexins show distinct differences in comparison with their animal orthologues. In particular, the endonexin sequence, which is responsible for coordination of calcium ions in type II binding sites, is only partially conserved in plant annexins. The crystal structure of calcium-bound cotton annexin Gh1 was solved at 2.5Šresolution and shows three metal ions coordinated in the first and fourth repeat in types II and III binding sites. Although the protein has no detectable affinity for calcium in solution, in the presence of phospholipid vesicles, we determined a stoichiometry of four calcium ions per protein molecule using isothermal titration calorimetry. Further analysis of the crystal structure showed that binding of a fourth calcium ion is structurally possible in the DE loop of the first repeat. Data from this study are in agreement with the canonical membrane binding of annexins, which is facilitated by the convex surface associating with the phospholipid bilayer by a calcium ...
Acharya TP, Welbaum GE, Arancibia RA (2020). Low tunnels reduce insect populations, insecticide application, and chewing insect damage on brussels sprouts. Journal of Economic Entomology 113:2553-2557. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa154 Bodhe TS, Mukherji P (2013). Selection of color space for image segmentation in pest detection. In: International Conference on Advances in Technology and Engineering (ICATE), Jan 23-25, 2013, Mumbai, India pp 1-7. Boissard P, Martin V, Moisan S (2008). A cognitive vision approach to early pest detection in greenhouse crops. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 62:81-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2007.11.009 Chen J, Fan YY, Wang T, Zhang C, Qiu ZJ, He Y (2018). Automatic segmentation and counting of aphid nymphs on leaves using convolutional neural networks. Agronomy 8:1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8080129 Gao XK, Xue H, Luo JY, Ji JC, Zhang LJ, Niu L, … Cui JJ (2020). Molecular evidence that Lysiphlebia japonica regulates the development ...
Wendel, J.F. (1995) Cotton Gossypium (Malvaceae) (358-366), in Smartt, J. & Simmonds, N.W. (eds.), Evolution of crop plants. 2. ed Longman Sci. & Techn. Harlow ...
This testimony contains information on the effects of cotton dust exposure. Recommendations for medical surveillance, environmental control, environmental monitoring, informing the worker, work practices, and respiratory protection for workers exposed to cotton dust have been transmitted to OSHA as a Draft Technical Standard under the NIOSH/OSHA Standards Completion Program. Chronic respiratory di
Surveys for Verticillium wilt in 142 cotton fields in 1981 to 1983 and 1985 indicated that the disease is widespread in the Guadalquivir Valley, southern Spain, where it occurs in 80.0 to 82.5% of the fields. Verticillium wilt was most prevalent in the upper valley in the 1981 to 1983 surveys and in the lower valley in the 1985 survey. Analyses of dry soil samples collected in spring 1985 by means of an Andersen sampler detected Verticillium dahliae propagules in 35.1% of the fields surveyed. lnoculum density in soil was much higher in the lower valley (average 37.1 CFU/g) than in the upper and central areas of the valley (average 4.7 CFU/g). The increasing importance of the disease in the lower valley corresponds to the spread of a defoliating pathotype of V. dahliae in this area during the early 1980s. Two groups of isolates, including 100 mild nondefoliating and 90 severe defoliating, were distinguished among 191 isolates by means of morphological, physiological, and pathogenicity tests. The ...
Phytophagous insects with wide host ranges often exhibit host-associated genetic structure. We used microsatellite analysis to assess the population structure of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a serious pest on many economically important crops worldwide. We sampled aphids from five host plant species in Iran and detected strong population subdivision, with an overall multilocus FST of 0.191. The matrix of pairwise FST values indicated that differentiation between populations collected from different hosts was significantly stronger than between populations from the same hosts. Host-associated differentiation was further supported by Bayesian clustering analyses, which grouped all samples from cotton together with aubergine, and all samples from cucumber together with pumpkin and hibiscus. This adds to the growing body of evidence that many seemingly generalist aphids are in fact an assemblage of host-specialized lineages. Although we detected a clear genetic ...
Accessions of Gossypium spp., some of them never previously tested, were evaluated for resistance to a local isolate of Meloidogyne incognita race 3 in greenhouse experiments. Nematode infection was characterized based on the galling and egg mass indexes and the reproduction factors (RF). Root-knot nematode reproduction among the newly tested accessions varied from highly susceptible (AS0188, AS0189) to moderately resistant (MT123 no. 3), and some accessions showed highly reduced nematode reproduction (CIR1343, CIR1348, Fai Mui). Histological observations of two resistant accessions (G. barbadense CIR1348 and G. hirsutum TX-25, respectively) showed that resistance occurs through a two-stage mechanism in the first accession and through a single-stage mechanism in the second. Parasitism is blocked early after second-stage juvenile (J2) penetration or during its initial tissue migration (CIR1348) and the development of later-stage juveniles into female adults is suppressed at a later stage (TX-25 ...
CORVALLIS - To help separate fact from myth about the production of hemp - touted by some as a miracle crop and by others as an evil, pernicious drug - an Oregon State University researcher has studied the feasibility of cultivating hemp as a fiber crop in the Pacific Northwest and concluded it may have some potential if it overcomes major obstacles.. Hemp, or cannabis sativa, can be manufactured into everything from fine cloth to auto parts, and concentrations of the psychoactive ingredient, THC, are too low in fiber hemp to produce a high.. The OSU study of scientific literature just published by the OSU Agricultural Experiment Station found that several conditions must be met before hemp could ever become a crop in this region.. First, it must become legal to grow hemp as a fiber crop; then it must be researched, developed and studied like any other potential new crop; and it must be able to compete with other fiber crops on the market, including wood fiber from the forest ...
Ben-Yephet, Y., Z.R. Frank, J.M. Malero-Vero, and J.E. DeVay. 1989. Effect of crop rotation and metham-sodium on Verticillium dahliae. Pages 543-546 in Vascular Wilt Diseases of Plants: Basic Studies and Control. Tjamos, E.C. and C.H. Beckman, (eds). Springer-Verlag, New York. Butterfield, E.J. and J.E. DeVay. 1977. Reassessment of soil assays for Verticillium dahliae. Phytopathol. 67:1073-1078.. Davis, J.R., O.C. Huisman, D.T. Westerman, S.L. Hafez, D.O. Everson, L.H. Sorensen, and A.T. Schneider. 1996. Effects of green manures on Verticillium wilt of potato. Phytopathol. 86:444-453.. Heffer, V. and R. Regan. 1995. Verticillium wilt of ash. The Digger. June: 48-49.. Hiemstra, J.A. and D.C. Harris (eds.). 1999. A Compendium of Verticillium Wilt in Tree Species. Ponsen & Looijen, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 80 pp.. Kabir, Z., R. G. Bhat, and K. V. Subbarao. 2004. Comparison of media for recovery of Verticillium dahliae from soil. Plant Dis. 88:49-55.. MacGuidwin, A.E. and D.I. Rouse. 1990. Role ...
Since 1996 we have witnessed a steady increase, particularly in the United States, in the use of transgenic Bt crops for insect control. Because of the escalation of Bt corn hybrids and Bt cotton varieties that express Cry proteins, conventional insecticide applications have been reduced considerably for several key insect pests. Recently released estimates by the USDA Economic Research Service reveal that 59% of all corn planted in Illinois during 2009 was a stacked hybrid. In 2009, stacked cotton varieties were planted on 48% of the cotton acres in the United States. For a complete report, please go to www.ers.usda.gov/Data/BiotechCrops. To date, Bt soybean varieties have not been commercialized; however, some transgenic Bt lines of soybean have been examined for their effectiveness against lepidopteran insect pests. In this months issue of the Journal of Economic Entomology (Vol. 102, No. 4, pp. 1640-1648), entomologists Robert M. McPherson and Ted C. MacRae, Department of Entomology, ...
The demand of high strength of cotton fibers has been increased dramatically with the advent of modern high speed spinning technology for producing yarn. Cotton fiber is a gigantic single cell which consists of almost pure cellulose.
(2014) Shan et al. Nature Communications. Cotton fibres are unusually long, single-celled epidermal seed trichomes and a model for plant cell growth, but little is known about the regulation of fibre cell elongation. Here we report that a homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factor, ...
The BXN™ cotton line was genetically engineered to express tolerance to oxynil herbicides, including bromoxynil and ioxynil. Oxynil herbicides act by blocking electron flow during the light reaction of photosynthesis, inhibiting cellular respiration in dicotyledonous plants. Oxynil herbicides applied at rates recommended for effective weed control are toxic to conventional cotton varieties. The modified cotton line BXN™ contains the bxn gene for oxynil tolerance, and allows farmers to use oxynil herbicides for weed control in the cultivation of cotton ...
Business Standard News: Director Report : Sri Nachammai Cotton Mills Director Report, Sri Nachammai Cotton Mills updates and more at Business Standard news.
|div|This product is grown and processed in the USA This raw cotton has been ginned, but has not been carded. There are cotton seeds and sometimes small pieces of the cotton plant mixed in. Raw cotton is often used for stuffing or cushioning when a less e
We report genetic maps for diploid (D) and tetraploid (AtDt) Gossypium genomes composed of sequence-tagged sites (STS) that foster structural, functional, and evolutionary genomic studies. The maps include, respectively, 2584 loci at 1.72-cM (∼600 kb) intervals based on 2007 probes (AtDt) and 763 loci at 1.96-cM (∼500 kb) intervals detected by 662 probes (D). Both diploid and tetraploid cottons exhibit negative crossover interference; i.e., double recombinants are unexpectedly abundant. We found no major structural changes between Dt and D chromosomes, but confirmed two reciprocal translocations between At chromosomes and several inversions. Concentrations of probes in corresponding regions of the various genomes may represent centromeres, while genome-specific concentrations may represent heterochromatin. Locus duplication patterns reveal all 13 expected homeologous chromosome sets and lend new support to the possibility that a more ancient polyploidization event may have predated the A-D ...
Audio/Video Script:. [Title Slide - Controlling Bollworm in Soybean. Your Arkansas Soybean Podcast, University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board.] [Dr. Gus Lorenz, Extension Entomologist. Picture of bollworm] Bollworm, we feel like is one of the most destructive soybean pests that we have. You know with the high overhead heat that we are experiencing, we are getting a little slippage on our control. Were seeing some failures and Im not, I dont think its all associated with the insecticide at all, in fact, I think a lot of our problem is application. [Slide - Picture of a bollworm. Bollworm Control - Air, 5 gallons per acre; Ground, 10 gallons per acre] And first and foremost is volume, I think we need to keep our gallons per acre, our volume up to five gallons per acre by air, a minimum of 10 gallons per acre by ground to ensure that you get good thorough, adequate coverage into the canopy where those bollworms are. [Slide - Picture of a bollworm. Bollworm ...
Discover how to wear and where to shop for the latest charcoal gray cotton on floral bodycon skirt from the most stylish community of fashion bloggers.
In general, cotton aphid is an indirect pest that feeds on the underside of leaves and can produce large amounts of honeydew. However PRSV persists only few hours on the stylets: therefore long-distance spread by aphids is limited. [3], Predators include midges, lacewings, syrphid fly larvae, anthocorid bugs and ladybirds (ladybeetles). Life Cycle: Aphis gossypiiis viviparousthroughout the year. Initial infestations of cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, occur between the seedling and early reproductive stages of cotton (Slosser et al., 1989). The structure of Vip1A is not known, but a region with alternating hydrophobic and hydrophilic residues within this protein was identified, and it was proposed that it could adopt a structure of a β-strand that would be important for membrane penetration forming a β-barrel necessary for translocation of the Vip2A component, similar to other bacterial toxins such as protective antigen (PA) of anthrax toxin from B. anthracis, the Iota Ib toxin from C. ...
Ive had a few questions this week about cotton seedling diseases and thought it worthwhile to share a section of the 2019 Georgia Cotton Production … Continue reading →. ...
"Gossypium raimondii v2.1". Phytozome v9.1. Archived from the original on 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2013-07-10. Argout X, Salse J, ...
Guymer Gossypium australe F.Muell. Gossypium populifolium (Benth.) F.Muell. Gossypium robinsonii F.Muell. Gouania australiana F ...
clover Gossypium spp. - cotton Linum usitatissimum - flax Humulus lupulus - hops Mentha spp. - mint Helianthus annuus - ...
... gossypii B. loxoptila Hypercompe campinasa Polyphagous species which feed on Gossypium among other plants Brown-tail (Euproctis ... Cotton plants (Gossypium species) are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species including: ... Gossypium". HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London.. ... Monophagous species which feed exclusively on Gossypium Bucculatrix leaf-miners: B. gossypiella B. ...
1947 Gossypium kirkii Mast., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19:214. 1882. Hutchinson, New Phytol. 46:132. 1947 http://plants.jstor.org/ ...
Gossypium barbadense) • Gossipium Triquspitatum • Gossipium Arboreum (Gossypium arboreum) • Gossipium Herboseum (Gossypium ... There are five types of cotton in Azerbaijan: • Ordinary cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) (medicine purposed) • Gossipium ...
Thespesia garckeana F.Hoffm.) Gossypium anomalum Wawra & Peyr. Gossypium herbaceum L. Gossypium triphyllum (Haw.) Hochr. ...
Cotton plants (Gossypium spp.), whose bright yellow flowers are certainly hibiscus-like, include one endemic: G. tomentosum, ...
Gossypium L. Hampea Schltdl. Kokia Lewton Lebronnecia Fosberg Thepparatia Phuph. Thespesia Sol. ex Corrêa "Malvaceae Taxonomy: ... It includes the cotton (Gossypium) and related plants. It is distinguished from the Hibisceae on the basis of embryo structure ...
eximium and Gossypium herbaceum. tortricidae.com Obraztsov, N.S., 1961: Descriptions of and Notes on North and Central American ...
Gossypium, the cottons etc.) Hibisceae (Hibiscus etc.) Kydieae - and two unplaced genera:- Jumelleanthus Howittia Baum et al. ... Gossypium - Gynatrix Hampea - Helicteropsis - Herissantia - Hibiscadelphus - Hibiscus - Hochreutinera - Hoheria - Horsfordia - ...
Gossypium barbadense - known as extra-long staple cotton, native to tropical South America (8% of world production) Gossypium ... Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense), encouraged British traders to purchase cotton from plantations in the United ... King Cotton Madapollam Mercerized cotton Sea Island Cotton The Cotton Museum The Biology of Gossypium hirsutum L. and Gossypium ... Quote: "Gossypium arboreum is a diploid species cultivated in the Old World. It was first domesticated near the Indus Valley ...
Gossypium to Linociera (1890) Volume V. Linum to Oyster (1891) Volume VI. Part 1. Pachyrhizus to Rye (1892) Volume VI. Part 2. ... A revision of the genus Gossypium. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. Burkill, I.H. (1930). "[Obituary]". Bulletin of ...
The larvae feed on Gossypium species. Savela, Markku. "Alpenus nigropunctata (Bethune-Baker, 1908)". Lepidoptera and Some Other ...
Gossypium tomentosum, Hibiscus spp., Portulaca molokiniensis, Santalum ellipticum, Sesbania tomentosa, and Wilkesia ...
The larvae feed on Gossypium species. De Prins, J.; De Prins, W. "Bucculatrix loxoptila Meyrick, 1914". AfroMoths. Belgian ...
The larvae feed on Gossypium species. De Prins, J. & De Prins, W. (2017). "Paralpenus flavizonata (Hampson, 1911)". Afromoths. ...
The larvae feed on Gossypium thurberi. Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; Hine, A ...
"Mucilaginibacter gossypii sp. nov. and Mucilaginibacter gossypiicola sp. nov., plant-growth-promoting bacteria isolated from ...
... larvae feed on Gossypium species. De Prins, J. & De Prins, W. (2018). "Bucculatrix gossypina Ghesquière, ...
Cotton (Gossypium) pollen from roughly 2500 BCE. The researchers suggest that this cotton was domesticated, although wild ...
Fuchsia) Gerbera jamesonii (Transvaal daisy) Gossypium spp. (Cotton) Gymnocladus dioicus (Kentucky Coffeetree) Hebe bollonsii ( ...
The larvae feed on Malvaceae (Gossypium sp.). Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; ...
Host plants are Abutilon and Gossypium species. "Species Details: Pachyrhabda bacterias Meyrick, 1913". Catalogue of Life. ...
The wingspan is 20-24 millimetres (0.79-0.94 in). The larvae feed on Gossypium and Portulaca species. They reach a length of 24 ...
The plant hosts of this species include Acer oblongum, Casearia spp., Excoecaria agallocha, Gossypium hirsutum, Macaranga ...
The hostplant for the species is Gossypium herbaceum. Acrocercops helicomitra Meyrick, 1924 at the Global Taxonomic Database of ...
Gossypium hirsutum L.) introgression breeding efforts" in BMC Genomics, 2014 "Development of 63K SNP Array for Cotton and High- ... Gossypium hirsutum L. acc. TM-1) provides a resource for fiber improvement" in Nature Biotechnology, 2015 "BAC-End Sequence- ... Gossypium hirsutum L.) germplasm using the CottonSNP63K Array". BMC Plant Biology. 17 (1): 37. doi:10.1186/s12870-017-0981-y. ... Gossypium hirsutum L. acc. TM-1) provides a resource for fiber improvement". Nature Biotechnology. 33 (5): 531-537. doi:10.1038 ...
October 2012). "The draft genome of a diploid cotton Gossypium raimondii". Nature Genetics. 44 (10): 1098-103. doi:10.1038/ng. ... Gossypium Raimond), draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) and the domesticated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genome ...
It is known from India (Bihar). The larvae feed on Mangifera indica and Gossypium species. They probably mine the leaves of ...
... of plants of the genus Gossypium, belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). ... of plants of the genus Gossypium, belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). ... Other articles where Gossypium is discussed: cotton: … ... Gossypium. plant genus. THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. Britannica ...
Gossypium mustelinum Miers ex G.Watt Gossypium tomentosum Nutt. ex Seem - Maʻo or Hawaiian cotton (Hawaii) Gossypium australe F ... Consequently, the genus Gossypium has long attracted the attention of scientists. The origin of the genus Gossypium is dated to ... Gossypium arboreum L. - tree cotton (India and Pakistan) Gossypium herbaceum L. - Levant cotton (southern Africa and the ... "Gossypium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-09-08. "GRIN Species Records of Gossypium". Germplasm ...
It is sometimes confused with Sturts desert rose Gossypium sturtianum. Paczkowska, Grazyna (19 September 1996). "Gossypium ... Gossypium australe is an endemic woody shrub, related to cotton, found in north western Australia. Preferring sandy soils near ... ISBN 0-7016-0279-1. Gossypium, from the Arabic for softness; australe, Australian, v t e v t e v t e. ... Gossypium australe. F.Muell. (Native Cotton) Fragm. 1:46 (1858) Chippendale, Thelma M; Chippendale, George (1980) [1968]. ...
Gossypium synonyms, Gossypium pronunciation, Gossypium translation, English dictionary definition of Gossypium. Noun 1. ... Gossypium - herbs and shrubs and small trees: cotton genus Gossypium dilleniid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced ... Related to Gossypium: Gossypium barbadense, Gossypium herbaceum, Gossypium hirsutum. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms ... Gossypium - herbs and shrubs and small trees: cotton. genus Gossypium. dilleniid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced ...
Genus: Gossypium. Subgenera: G. subg. Gossypium - G. subg. Houzingenia - G. subg. Karpas - G. subg. Sturtia Species: G. ... Wendel, J.F. (1995) Cotton Gossypium (Malvaceae) (358-366), in Smartt, J. & Simmonds, N.W. (eds.), Evolution of crop plants. 2 ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gossypium&oldid=7893030" ...
Gossypium barbadense synonyms, Gossypium barbadense pronunciation, Gossypium barbadense translation, English dictionary ... Noun 1. Gossypium barbadense - small bushy tree grown on islands of the Caribbean and off the Atlantic coast of the southern ... Gossypium barbadense. Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Gossypium barbadense: cotton plant ... Gossypium barbadense - definition of Gossypium barbadense by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Gossypium+ ...
Gossypium barbadense × Gossypium hirsutum) with pollen from Hibiscus cannabinus. Aust J Agric Res 56:1101-1109. doi:10.1071/ ... QTL analysis of cotton fiber quality using multiple Gossypium hirsutum × Gossypium barbadense backcross generations. Crop Sci ... Kantartzi, S.K., Roupakias, D.G. In vitro gynogenesis in cotton (Gossypium sp.). Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 96, 53-57 (2009). ... Wise RR, Sassenrath-Cole GF, Percy R (2000) A comparison of leaf anatomy in field-grown Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense. ...
Gossypium arboreum (Tree cotton) (Gossypium nanking). Gossypium raimondii (New World cotton). Herrania umbratica. 567. UniRef90 ... Gossypium hirsutum (Upland cotton) (Gossypium mexicanum). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_ ... sp,P17432,MASY_GOSHI Malate synthase, glyoxysomal OS=Gossypium hirsutum OX=3635 PE=2 SV=1 ...
Genus: Gossypium Subgenus: G. subg. Sturtia Subsectio: G. sect. Sturtia Species: Gossypium sturtianum Varietas: Gossypium ... Gossypium sturtianum var. nandewarense (Derera) Fryxell, Bot. Gaz. 125: 108. 1964.. Synonyms[edit]. *Basionym *Gossypium ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gossypium_sturtianum_var._nandewarense&oldid=5959328" ...
Within Gossypium, the number of numts in diploids is two to three times that found in tetraploids (33 in Gossypium raimondii ... Reference genome sequences of two cultivated allotetraploid cottons, Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense. Nat Genet. ... in Gossypium mitochondrial genomes are much conserved [29, 102, 103, 104]. For example, the mitochondrial genome of Gossypium ... Gossypium hirsutum contains an additional six shared diploid numt genes (nad4, sdh4, cob, cox1, atp1 and rps14) and one D5- ...
Aphis gossypii is a major pest of cotton and other crops, and a common pest of gardens. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Horticulture/Aphis_gossypii&oldid=1502187" ...
Moreover, chromosomal localization and an analysis of homologous genes in Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium raimondii, and G. ... These proteins have not been functionally characterized in the tetraploid cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, which is a widely ... Moreover, chromosomal localization and an analysis of homologous genes in Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium raimondii, and G. ... These proteins have not been functionally characterized in the tetraploid cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, which is a widely ...
PLANT: Trees or (in ours) erect shrubs (rarely procumbent), stellate-pubescent or glabrate, more or less gland-dotted throughout. LEAVES: ovate and simple to (in ours) deeply palmately lobed, entire, usually with abaxial foliar nectary on main veins. FLOWERS: solitary or in sympodial inflorescences; involucel trimerous, the bracts foliaceous or reduced to straps or scales, often associated with trimerous nectaries; calyx gamosepalous and subtruncate or 5-toothed; corolla yellowish or rose, sometimes with a dark center; staminal column apically 5-dentate; style single, with 3-5 decurrent stigmatic lobes. FRUIT: capsular, usually glabrous, 3-5-loculate. SEEDS: densely lanate to subglabrous. NOTES: Fifty spp. from relatively arid tropical and subtropical parts of Africa and the Middle East, Australia, and N. and S. Amer. Several species are widely cultivated as the worlds cotton crop. (Latin Gossympinus = cotton tree). Fryxell, P. A. 1979. Natural History of the Cotton Tribe. College Station: ...
Endrizzi, J. E., E. L. Turcotte and R. J. Kohel, 1985 Genetics, cytogenetics, and evolution of Gossypium. Adv. Genet. 23: 271- ... Cronn, R. C., R. L. Small, T. Haselkorn and J. F. Wendel, 2002 Rapid diversification of the cotton genus (Gossypium: Malvaceae ... Flagel, L., J. A. Udall, D. Nettleton and J. F. Wendel, 2008 Duplicate gene expression in allopolyploid Gossypium reveals two ... The cotton genus (Gossypium) is a useful system to study the extent of genomic changes that accompany genome merger and ...
Our results showed that 10 genes of SOD gene family were identified in Gossypium arboreum and Gossypium raimondii, including 6 ... Genome-Wide Characterization and Expression Profiles of the Superoxide Dismutase Gene Family in Gossypium. Jingbo Zhang,1,2 Bo ... The chromosomal distribution analysis revealed that SOD genes are distributed across 7 chromosomes in Gossypium arboreum and 8 ... chromosomes in Gossypium raimondii. Segmental duplication is predominant duplication event and major contributor for expansion ...
Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium raimondii, and Gossypium hirsutum, respectively. All cotton CAMTAs were localized in the nucleus ... Our present study thus contributes to broad probing into the structure and probable function of CAMTA genes in Gossypium ... Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium raimondii, and Gossypium hirsutum, respectively. All cotton CAMTAs were localized in the nucleus ... Toward sequencing cotton (Gossypium) genomes. Plant physiology 145, 1303-1310 (2007).. CAS Article PubMed PubMed Central Google ...
Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), Salt Stress, Differential Protein, Mass Spectrum Analysis ... Zhang, G.W., Lu, H.L., Zhang, L., Chen, B.L. and Zhou, Z.G. (2011) Salt Tolerance Evaluation of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) at ... Comparative Analysis of Salinity-Induced Proteomic Changes in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) () ... Gossypium hirsutum L.). Agricultural Sciences, 6, 78-86. doi: 10.4236/as.2015.61007. ...
Gossypium hirsutum (Upland cotton) (Gossypium mexicanum)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A059Q8L0,A0A059Q8L0_GOSHI WRKY transcription factor 24 OS=Gossypium hirsutum OX=3635 GN=WRKY24 PE=2 SV=1 ...
Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) occupies a pivotal position in Pakistans economy by providing fiber, food and fuel. The diploid ... Rashid, B., Husnain, T. and Riazuddin, S. (2004) In Vitro Shoot Tip Culture of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Pakistan Journal of ... Qadir, M. and Shams, M. (1997) Some Agronomic and Physiological Aspects of Salt Tolerance in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). ... Basal, H. (2010) Response of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotypes to salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 505-511. ...
Gossypium Herbaceum, L.. T. F. Allen:. Gossypium herbaceum, L. (include G. album, Ham., short staple, and G. nigrum, Ham., ... Gossypium Herbaceum, L.. Synonyms and common names:. Cotton Plant, Cotton Root Bark, Cotonnier, Gossypium Album (Ham.), Short ... Gossypium Herbaceum, L.. J. H. Clarke:. Cotton Plant. N. O. Malvace . Tincture of fresh inner root bark, chopped and pounded to ...
In the present study, the protective effects of Gossypium herbaceam extracts (GHE) on learning and memory impairment ... Gossypium / chemistry*. Hippocampus / drug effects, pathology, physiopathology*. Ibotenic Acid / toxicity. Injections, ... In the present study, the protective effects of Gossypium herbaceam extracts (GHE) on learning and memory impairment induced by ...
gossypii in leaves of cotton plants. In the case of P. gossypii at 42 hai the uredospores germinated, produced a germ tube and ... gossypii were collected and processed according to Rodrigues et al. (2014). A total of 25 to 30 leaf fragments (≈ 25 mm2) were ... gossypii uredospores (2.5 × 105 mL−1) 30 days after transplanting (V4 growth stage) (30 mL per plant). The uredospores were ... gossypii in cotton leaves, which might be useful in the development of new and more effective strategies for tropical rust ...
Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
Nucleotide excision repair - Ashbya gossypii (Eremothecium gossypii) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download ...
Home / Shop / Series / Agriculture Issues and Policies / Hybridization Barriers between Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and Species ... Hybridization Barriers between Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and Species of the Malvaceae Family. $0.00. ... Hybridization Barriers between Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and Species of the Malvaceae Family quantity. ...
"Ashbya gossypii" book. alphascript publishing and VDM Publishing House Ltd.. *Gelber Farbstoffpilz, 2013. Ashbya gossypii ... Ashbya gossypii (Eremothecium gossypii) is a filamentous fungus, meaning that it is an infectious agent of the fungus kingdom ... Ashbya gossypii. The Regents of the University of California.. *Frederic P. Miller, Agnes F. Vandome, John McBrewster (Ed.), ... A comparison of the genomes for Ashbya gossypii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature Publishing Group 2013. click to see full ...
1907 anatomical illustration of a Gossypium indicum and Gossypium negelctum cotton plant, showing the flowers and seedpods ( ... Caption: Cotton (Gossypium indicum and Gossypium negelctum). 1907 anatomical illustration of a Gossypium indicum and Gossypium ... gossypium indicum, gossypium negelctum, historical, history, horticultural, horticulture, illustration, indian, nature, no-one ...
1907 anatomical illustration of a Gossypium intermedium cotton plant, showing its flowers and seedpods (bolls), from which ... Caption: Cotton (Gossypium intermedium). 1907 anatomical illustration of a Gossypium intermedium cotton plant, showing its ... gossypium intermedium, historical, history, horticultural, horticulture, illustration, indian, nature, no-one, nobody, plant, ...
2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism - Ashbya gossypii (Eremothecium gossypii) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Hide ...
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  • Arizona wild cotton (Arizona and northern Mexico) Gossypium barbadense L. - Creole cotton/Sea Island Cotton (tropical South America) Gossypium darwinii G.Watt - Darwin's cotton (Galápagos Islands) Gossypium hirsutum L. - upland cotton (Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and southern Florida) Gossypium mustelinum Miers ex G.Watt Gossypium tomentosum Nutt. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fourth recipe involves a cold maceration of pieces of Olax subscorpioidea, Crinum jagus Tetrapleura tetraptera, Chasmanthera dependens, Gongronema latifolium (Madunmaro), Xylopia aethiopica (Eeru), Euphorbia lateriflora, Nauclea latifolia, Gossypium barbadense, and Allium ascalonicum. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Allozyme evidence for the origin and diversification of Gossypium barbadense L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sawan, "Cotton ( Gossypium barbadense ) production as affected by climatic factors and soil moisture status," Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • cotton ( Gossypium barbadense ), castor bean (Ricinus communis), lablab (Dilochis lablab), maize (Zea mays), and okra (Hibiscus esculentus). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Debido a que no se encontro publicaciones sobre el estudio sobre la deteccion de HMA en algodon ( Gossypium barbadense var. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The effects of genotype, pollen or growth regulator-pretreatment of pistils, developmental stage of the ovule (embryo sac) and culture media on induction of gynogenesis, and subsequent plantlet regeneration in vitro were assessed in interspecific Gossypium barbadense × G. hirsutum cotton hybrids. (springer.com)
  • Lacape JM, Nguyen TB, Courtois B, Belot JL, Giband M, Gourlot JP, Gawryziak G, Roques S, Hau B (2005) QTL analysis of cotton fiber quality using multiple Gossypium hirsutum × Gossypium barbadense backcross generations. (springer.com)
  • Mavromatis AG, Kantartzi SK, Vlachostergios DN, Xynias IN, Skarakis GN, Roupakias DG (2005) Induction of embryo development and fixation of partial interspecific lines after pollination of F 1 cotton interspecific hybrids ( Gossypium barbadense × Gossypium hirsutum ) with pollen from Hibiscus cannabinus . (springer.com)
  • Saha S, Wu J, Jenkins JN, McCarty JC, Gutierrez OA Jr, Stelly DM, Percy RG, Raska DA (2004) Effect of chromosome substitutions from Gossypium barbadense L. 3-79 into G. hirsutum L. TM-1 on agronomic and fiber traits. (springer.com)
  • Identification of Introgressed Alleles Conferring High Fiber Quality Derived From Gossypium barbadense L. in Secondary Mapping Populations of G. hirsutum L. (frontiersin.org)
  • In our previous studies, several quantitative trait loci (QTLs) contributing to improved fiber quality were identified in different introgressed chromosomal regions from Sea Island cotton ( Gossypium barbadense L.) in a primary introgression population (Pop. (frontiersin.org)
  • Total and percent atropisomers of gossypol and gossypol-6-methyl ether in seeds from pima cottons and accessions of Gossypium barbadense L. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Most commercial Upland ( Gossypium hirsutum ) cottonseeds have an (R)- to (S)-gossypol ratio of approximately 2:3, but some Pima ( Gossypium barbadense ) seeds have an excess of (R)-gossypol. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Here we show that an abrupt five- to sixfold ploidy increase approximately 60 million years (Myr) ago, and allopolyploidy reuniting divergentGossypiumgenomes approximately 1-2 Myr ago2, conferred about 30-36-fold duplication of ancestral angiosperm (flowering plant) genes in elite cottons (Gossypium hirsutumandGossypium barbadense), genetic complexity equalled only byBrassica3among sequenced angiosperms. (ovid.com)
  • The GbKTN1 gene was isolated from 10 DPA fiber cells of Gossypium barbadense using 5′RACE/3′RACE. (springer.com)
  • For the said purpose, the roots of cotton plants ( Gossypium barbadense L.) were extracted. (scielo.org.pe)
  • The consistent chromosomal regions contributing to fiber quality traits constitute good candidates for the further dissection of the genetic and genomic factors underlying important fiber characteristics, and for marker-assisted selection.There are two economically important tetraploid cultivated species of cotton, Gossypium hirsutum (also referred to as "Upland" cotton) and G. barbadense (Caribbean "Sea-Island", Extra Long Staple "ELS" and modern "Pima" and "Egyptian" cultivars). (oalib.com)
  • The effect of the semigamy (Se) mutant on the early development of cotton (Gossypium barbadense L. (tamu.edu)
  • The effect of the semigamy (Se) mutant on the early development of cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.). Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. (tamu.edu)
  • Polyploidization between an A-genome diploid and a D-genome diploid ≈1.5 million years ago ( 20 , 21 ) created an AD tetraploid lineage that has since diversified into five species, including the commercially important Gossypium hirsutum (upland cotton) and Gossypium barbadense (Pima cotton) (see Fig. 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • Gossypium arboreum L. - tree cotton (India and Pakistan) Gossypium herbaceum L. - Levant cotton (southern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula) Gossypium raimondii Ulbr. (wikipedia.org)
  • one of the putative progenitor species of tetraploid cotton, alongside G. arboreum Gossypium thurberi Tod. (wikipedia.org)
  • Notou-se a elevada presenca de Azadirachta indica (75,16% de ocorrencia), seguida de Syzygium malaccense (8,33%), Ficus benjamina (5,35%) e Gossypium arboreum L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Gossypium arboreum L. (wikimedia.org)
  • Moreover, chromosomal localization and an analysis of homologous genes in Gossypium arboreum , Gossypium raimondii , and G. hirsutum suggested that a whole-genome duplication, several tandem duplications, and a polyploidy event contributed to the expansion of the cotton SWEET gene family, especially in Clade III and IV. (mdpi.com)
  • Our results showed that 10 genes of SOD gene family were identified in Gossypium arboreum and Gossypium raimondii , including 6 Cu-Zn-SODs, 2 Fe-SODs, and 2 Mn-SODs. (hindawi.com)
  • The chromosomal distribution analysis revealed that SOD genes are distributed across 7 chromosomes in Gossypium arboreum and 8 chromosomes in Gossypium raimondii . (hindawi.com)
  • The experiment was performed in green house based on Complete Randomized Design to investigate the response of two local verities of Gossypium arboreum FDH 171 and FDH 786. (scirp.org)
  • In the present study, we systematically examined the functional diversification of the NAC transcription factor (NAC-TFs) family by analyzing their chromosomal location, structure, phylogeny, and expression pattern in Gossypium raimondii (Gr) and G. arboreum (Ga). The 145 and 141 NAC genes identified in the Gr and Ga genomes, respectively, were annotated and divided into 18 subfamilies, which showed distinct divergence in gene structure and expression patterns during fiber development. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Two cDNAs encoding cinnamate 4_hydroxylase homologues were isolated from Gossypium arboreum L. by PCR_mediated method using a primer based on a conserved region of plant cytochrome P450. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Gossypium arboreum is a cotton species native primarily to Pakistan and india. (cottongen.org)
  • FISH photomicrographs of Gossypium hirsutum repetitive elements hybridized to metaphase chromosomes of G. hirsutum, G. arboreum, G. raimondii, and an A2D5 synthetic diploid. (cottongen.org)
  • The susceptibility to several insecticides of 16 and 8 strains of Myzus persicae Sulzer and Aphis gossypii Glover, respectively, received from different European countries in 2001 was investigated. (cambridge.org)
  • Amino acids cysteine, methionine, tryptophan, and phenylalanine are essential to the cotton-melon aphid Aphis gossypii Glover, whereas cystine and tyrosine are not required ( 4 , 5 ). (asm.org)
  • We used microsatellite analysis to assess the population structure of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a serious pest on many economically important crops worldwide. (uzh.ch)
  • Over-expression of CYP6A2 is associated with spirotetramat resistance and cross-resistance in the resistant strain of Aphis gossypii Glover. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Transcription factor aryl hydrocarbon receptor/aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator is involved in regulation of the xenobiotic tolerance-related cytochrome P450 CYP6DA2 in Aphis gossypii Glover. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cross-resistance pattern and basis of resistance in a thiamethoxam-resistant strain of Aphis gossypii Glover. (semanticscholar.org)
  • miR-276 and miR-3016-modulated expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase accounts for spirotetramat resistance in Aphis gossypii Glover. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Proteomics-based identification and analysis proteins associated with spirotetramat tolerance in Aphis gossypii Glover. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Spirotetramat resistance adaption analysis of Aphis gossypii Glover by transcriptomic survey. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Feeding preferences of individuals from two populations of Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) for the essential prey items, Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763 and Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Homoptera: Aphididae) were evaluated in the laboratory using Manly's β preference index ( β ). (eje.cz)
  • It was found to parasitize apterous viviparous females of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii (Glover) infesting Gossypium hirsutum (Malvaceae), during Jul, 2013. (fcla.edu)
  • Se encontró que las hembras parasitan la forma áptera vivípara de los áfidos del algodón, Aphis gossypii (Glover) infestando Gossypium hirsutum (Malvaceae) cultivado en la parcela experimental mantenida en el Instituto de Investigaciones Hortícolas de India, Bengaluru, durante julio del 2013. (fcla.edu)
  • Favret, 2011, Aphis capsellae Kaltenbach 1843 has priority over Aphis gossypii Glover 1877. (speciesfile.org)
  • of plants of the genus Gossypium , belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). (britannica.com)
  • Gossypium (/ɡɒˈsɪpiəm/) is a genus of flowering plants in the tribe Gossypieae of the mallow family, Malvaceae, from which cotton is harvested. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wendel, J.F. (1995) Cotton Gossypium (Malvaceae) (358-366), in Smartt, J. & Simmonds, N.W. (eds. (wikimedia.org)
  • Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. 2n=52, family: Malvaceae) is one of the most important commercial fiber and oil yielding crop in India. (ijapsa.com)
  • Gossypium raimondii , the putative contributor of the D subgenome of Upland cotton ( G. hirsutum ), highlights the need to improve the genome quality in a rapid and efficient way. (researchsquare.com)
  • Seeds of the Gossypium herbaceum and Gossypium hirsutum species of cotton are most commonly used to extract cottonseed oil. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Gossypium herbaceum, L. (include G. album, Ham. (homeoint.org)
  • Read more about Gossypium herbaceum. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Thus the nominal species should be Aphis capsellae Kaltenbach 1843, the nominotypical subspecies should be Aphis capsellae capsellae Kaltenbach 1843, and the cotton aphid should be Aphis capsellae gossypii Glover 1877. (speciesfile.org)
  • Gossypium mitochondrial genomes integrated three nuclear retrotransposons and eight chloroplast tRNA genes, and incorporated chloroplast DNA prior to divergence between the diploids and allopolyploid formation. (springer.com)
  • Our present study thus contributes to broad probing into the structure and probable function of CAMTA genes in Gossypium species. (nature.com)
  • A. gossypii and S. cerevisiae diverged from a common ancestor that had approximately 5,000 genes. (kenyon.edu)
  • Genes were lost in A. gossypii , giving it 7 chromosomes and thus fewer genes than either S. cerevisiae or its ancestor species. (kenyon.edu)
  • We compared homoeolog (genes duplicated by polyploidy) contributions to the transcriptome of a natural allopolyploid and a synthetic interspecific F1 hybrid, both derived from a merger between diploid species from the Gossypium A-genome and D-genome groups. (nih.gov)
  • Within allopolyploid Gossypium, approximately 24% of the genes with biased (unequal contributions from the two homoeologous copies) expression patterns are inferred to have arisen as a consequence of genomic merger, indicating that a substantial fraction of homoeolog expression biases occur instantaneously with hybridization. (nih.gov)
  • Our results provide a foundation for future evolutionary and functional characterizations of MAPKKK genes in cotton and probably other Gossypium plants. (mdpi.com)
  • We have shown that three of the five cyclins in A. gossypii are essential genes, indicating that there is minimal functional redundancy in this multinucleated system. (environmental-expert.com)
  • In addition, homologs of nearly 1,000 S. cerevisiae ORFs, presently annotated as hypothetical, were found in A. gossypii at syntenic positions and can therefore be considered as authentic genes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, 95% of the 4,700 A. gossypii protein-coding genes were found to have a homolog in S. cerevisiae and 90% of these homologous genes map at syntenic positions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We carried out an extensive search for homology at the amino-acid level between A. gossypii coding regions and S. cerevisiae 'annotation-free' regions: stretches of sequence bearing no annotated genomic features such as ORFs, RNA genes, or transposable elements. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To study the evolution of oxidative stress related genes in a single plant cell, we conducted comparative expression profiling analyses of the elongated seed trichomes ("fibers") of cotton ( Gossypium ), using a phylogenetic approach. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Of 24,846 genes detected by mapping the tags to Gossypium genomes, 3,624 genes were identified as differentially expressed during leaf senescence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genome-Wide Association Studies Reveal Genetic Variation and Candidate Genes of Drought Stress Related Traits in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Identification of senescence-related genes by cDNA-AFLP in cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L. (hep.com.cn)
  • Genome-wide transcriptome analysis was performed to understand the molecular details of interaction between Gossypium hirsutum L. and sap-sucking pests, namely Aphis gossypii (Aphid) and Bemisia tabacci (Whiteflies). (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this study, we found that the facultative endosymbiont status in populations of the cotton-melon aphid Aphis gossypii was associated with aphid genotype or host plant. (asm.org)
  • Through allopolyploidization, several modern Gossypium (cotton) species contain two divergent, although largely redundant genomes. (nih.gov)
  • Although, the S. cerevisiae genome is rightly considered as one of the most accurately sequenced and annotated eukaryotic genomes, we have shown that it still benefits substantially from comparison to the completed sequence and syntenic gene map of A. gossypii , an evolutionarily related fungus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The two species diverged more than 100 million years ago, and both genomes differ substantially in their GC content (38.3% in S. cerevisiae and 51.9% in A. gossypii ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The above studies from Gossypium and other model plant systems highlight the dynamic nature of polyploid genomes and the relatively poorly understood and some times non-Mendelian mechanisms that often characterize gene and genome evolution in polyploids ( 5 , 13 , 24 ). (pnas.org)
  • Gossypium hirsutum, commonly known as Upland cotton or Mexican cotton, is the unlikely cousin of the hibiscus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Akash, M. W. (2003) Quantitative trait loci mapping for agronomic and fiber quality traits in upland cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L. ) using molecular markers. (springer.com)
  • Experiment of 8×8 diallel analysis was conducted on Upland cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) in the Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University, D.I.Khan, Pakistan during copping season 1997-99. (scialert.net)
  • Additional file 6 of Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic basis of fiber quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (figshare.com)
  • Meteorological Parameters: Effect of Different Environments on Seed Germination in Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (ijcmas.com)
  • 2018. Meteorological Parameters: Effect of Different Environments on Seed Germination in Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. (ijcmas.com)
  • There are about 50 Gossypium species, making it the largest genus in the tribe Gossypieae, and new species continue to be discovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, the genus Gossypium has long attracted the attention of scientists. (wikipedia.org)
  • The origin of the genus Gossypium is dated to around 5-10 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Class II list also includes "crude" cotton and "treated" cotton fibers derived from the Gossypium genus of the plant (no specific CFR reference is included for either). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Gossypium genus incorporates 50 different species dispersed worldwide and five of them are tetraploid and belong to the subgenus viz. (geneticsmr.com)
  • The origin of the genus Gossypium is about 5-10 million years ago. (energy4farms.eu)
  • Gao W, Chen ZJ, Yu JZ, Raska D, Kohel RJ, Womack JE, Stelly DM (2004) Wide-cross whole-genome radiation hybrid mapping of cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.). Genetics 167:1317-1329. (springer.com)
  • Extensive IGT events exist for both diploid and allotetraploid cotton ( Gossypium ) species, with the nuclear genome being the predominant recipient of transferred DNA followed by the mitochondrial genome. (springer.com)
  • Here we employed a novel high-resolution, genome-specific, mass-spectrometry technology and a well-established phylogenetic framework to investigate relative expression levels of each homeolog for 63 gene pairs in 24 tissues in naturally occurring allopolyploid cotton (Gossypium L.), a synthetic allopolyploid of the same genomic composition, and models of the diploid progenitor species. (genetics.org)
  • Professor Peter Philippsen, Ordinarius of Microbiology at the Biozentrum Basel, was the first scientist to fully examine ''Ashbya Gossypii'' (a few years they completed the sequencing of the ''Saccahromyces cerevisiae'' genome in 1996. (kenyon.edu)
  • The genome for Ashbya gossypii , fully sequenced in 2004 by the Biozentrum lab, is the smallest genome of a free-living eukaryote thus far, coming up to only 9.2 megabases. (kenyon.edu)
  • The recently sequenced genome of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii revealed remarkable similarities to that of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae both at the level of homology and synteny (conservation of gene order). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The recently completed genome sequence of the filamentous ascomycete Ashbya gossypii revealed an unexpected high degree of gene homology and gene order conservation with S. cerevisiae (F.S.D., S.V., S.B., A.L., K.G., C. Mohr, S. Steiner, P. Luedi, T.G. and P.P., unpublished work). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The efficiency of using monosomic alien addition lines (MAALs) to introgress agronomical traits of interest carried by wild diploid Gossypium species into the main cultivated cotton species G. hirsutum depends on the opportunities of confronting the alien chromosome with the recipient background genome at each generation and on the occurrence of translocations and homoeologous recombinations. (cirad.fr)
  • a href="https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-178224373.html" title="Duplicate gene expression in allopolyploid Gossypium reveals two temporally distinct phases of expression evolution. (highbeam.com)
  • Intergenomic gene transfer in diploid and allopolyploid Gossypium" by Nan Zhao, Corrinne E. Grover et al. (iastate.edu)
  • Schematic representation of the phylogenetic history of diploid and allopolyploid Gossypium . (pnas.org)
  • A novel NAP member GhNAP is involved in leaf senescence in Gossypium hirsutum. (academicjournals.org)
  • However, the DNA methylation pattern during Gossypium hirsutum L. cotyledon senescence is poorly understood. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Here, the senescence process in cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) leaves was investigated over a time course including young leaf, mature leaf and leaf samples from different senescence stages using RNA-Seq. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In order to explore the changes in antioxidant metabolism related to leaf senescence under potassium (K) deficiency, field experiments were conducted in 2012 and 2013 with contrasting two cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivars in low-K sensitivity (Simian 3, low-K tolerant and Siza 3, low-K sensitive) under three K levels (0, 150 and 300kgK2Oha−1). (usda.gov)
  • Abstract Premature senescence at the late developmental stage occurs frequently in cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) production in North China. (hep.com.cn)
  • These proteins have not been functionally characterized in the tetraploid cotton, Gossypium hirsutum , which is a widely cultivated cotton species. (mdpi.com)
  • Expression of 40 homoeologous gene pairs was assayed by cDNA-single-stranded conformation polymorphism in natural (1- to 2-million-yr-old) and synthetic tetraploid cotton ( Gossypium ) to determine whether homoeologous gene pairs are expressed at equal levels after polyploid formation. (pnas.org)
  • Tropical rust caused by the biotrophic fungus Phakopsora gossypii is an emerging disease in cotton that has caused significant yield losses of crop/cotton cultivated in Brazil. (scielo.br)
  • Ashbya gossypii ( Eremothecium gossypii ) is a filamentous fungus, meaning that it is an infectious agent of the fungus kingdom consisting of a long series of attached cells. (kenyon.edu)
  • Ashbya gossypii is an effective fungus in which to study the growth of long and multinucleate (more than one nucleus) fungal cells. (kenyon.edu)
  • Previous work in A. gossypii, a filamentous fungus in which nuclei divide asynchronously in a common cytoplasm, demonstrated that one G1 and one B-type cyclin do not fluctuate in abundance across the division cycle. (environmental-expert.com)
  • 1996 ). AgTHR4, a new selection marker for transformation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii, maps in a four-gene cluster that is conserved between A. gossypii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (biologists.org)
  • Cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) is an important fiber crop and the second important oilseed crop after soybean (Freeland et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cottonseed ( Gossypium hirsutum) meal is a natural source of protein, fiber and energy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) occupies a pivotal position in Pakistan's economy by providing fiber, food and fuel. (scirp.org)
  • Comprehensive analysis of NAC transcription factors in diploid Gossypium: sequence conservation and expression analysis uncover their roles during fiber development. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) is one of most important economic crops, and is widely cultivated for the value of its fiber. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Tsialtas, IT and Shabala, S and Baxevanos, D and Matsi, T, Effect of potassium fertilization on leaf physiology, fiber yield and quality in cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) under irrigated Mediterranean conditions, Field Crops Research, 193 pp. 94-103. (edu.au)
  • ex Seem - Maʻo or Hawaiian cotton (Hawaii) Gossypium australe F.Muell (northwestern Australia) Gossypium sturtianum J.H. Willis - Sturt's desert rose (Australia) Gossypioides brevilanatum (Hochr. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is sometimes confused with Sturt's desert rose Gossypium sturtianum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gossypium sturtianum var. (wikimedia.org)
  • Genetic variability and positive correlations were observed for yield traits in Gossypium hirsutum L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although we detected a clear genetic signature of clonal reproduction, the genotypic diversity of A. gossypii in Iran is much higher than in other parts of the world. (uzh.ch)
  • Alice: Mixed inheritance in the genetic control of ramulosis (Colletotrichum gossypii var. (embrapa.br)
  • Ashbya gossypii begins its life cycle as a single spore. (kenyon.edu)
  • This report describes the isolation of the AgBUD3 homologue and the characterization of Bud3 protein function in Ashbya gossypii. (nih.gov)
  • In the filamentous ascomycete Ashbya gossypii, like in other filamentous fungi onset of growth in dormant spores occurs as an isotropic growth phase generating spherical germ cells. (biologists.org)
  • A two-year field experiment was established to investigate the differences in the process of potassium (K) accumulation and photosynthetic physiology of functional leaves of two cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivars with contrasting K sensitivity (Simian 3, low-K-tolerant cultivar and Siza 3, low-K-sensitive cultivar) under three K levels (0,150 and 300kgK2Oha−1). (usda.gov)
  • The cotton crop ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) is a species of great importance for the agricultural sector in the world, as highlights the works of Khalafalla & Abdellatef (2008), Almeida et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Alien chromosome transmission and somatic elimination in monosomic addition lines of Gossypium australe F. Muell in G. hirsutum L. (cirad.fr)
  • Asif, M. (2007) Genomic Analysis for Quality Traits in Cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) by DNA Fingerprinting Technology. (springer.com)
  • Gossypium australe is an endemic woody shrub, related to cotton, found in north western Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thirty-day-old plants were inoculated with a suspension of P. gossypii uredospores, and leaf fragments were collected 42 h after inoculation (hai) as well as 20, 25 and 35 days after inoculation (dai) for SEM observations. (scielo.br)
  • By 42 hai, the uredospores of P. gossypii had germinated and produced a germ tube and an appressorium that may directly penetrate the leaf cuticle. (scielo.br)
  • Virtually no resistance to imidacloprid in any of the field-derived populations of M. persicae and A. gossypii was detected. (cambridge.org)
  • Individuals of P . quatuordecimpunctata from both populations consumed more A. gossypii [Karaj population (mean ± SE): 28.15 ± 1.04 and Sari population 34.35 ± 0.51] than A. fabae (Karaj population: 17.95 ± 0.64 and Sari population: 17.7 ± 1.01). (eje.cz)
  • The values of Manly's β preference index ( β ) for A. gossypii were 0.73 ± 0.01 and 0.77 ± 0.01 for the Karaj and Sari populations, respectively and for A. fabae were 0.26 ± 0.01 and 0.22 ± 0.01 for the Karaj and Sari populations, respectively. (eje.cz)
  • These results reveal that P. quatuordecimpunctata from the two populations prefer A. gossypii over A. fabae . (eje.cz)
  • Gossypol occurs naturally in the seed, foliage, and roots of the cotton plant ( Gossypium ) as atropisomers due to restricted rotation around the binaphthyl bond. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The particular effects of gossypol, a constituent of Gossypium and other plant species, are reviewed in detail elsewhere and will not be discussed in detail in this monograph. (themainstreetmarket.com)
  • To this end we isolated and characterized the A. gossypii homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae BEM2 gene which is part of a network of rho-GTPases and their regulators required for bud emergence and bud growth in yeast. (biologists.org)
  • Finally, we suggest that over 400 S. cerevisiae ORFs that overlap other ORFs in S. cerevisiae and for which no homolog can be detected in A. gossypii should be regarded as spurious. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Gossypium is a useful model to evaluate the genomic consequences of IGT for both diploid and polyploid species. (springer.com)
  • The history of Mississippi, noble and ignoble, joyful and woebegone, is intertwined with cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, a plant of the Mallow or Hibiscus family. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Plants were inoculated with a suspension of P . gossypii uredospores (2.5 × 10 5 mL −1 ) 30 days after transplanting (V4 growth stage) (30 mL per plant). (scielo.br)
  • 1907 anatomical illustration of a Gossypium indicum and Gossypium negelctum cotton plant, showing the flowers and seedpods (bolls), from which cotton is formed. (sciencephoto.com)
  • 1907 anatomical illustration of a Gossypium intermedium cotton plant, showing its flowers and seedpods (bolls), from which cotton is formed. (sciencephoto.com)
  • RNA-seq results also reconfirmed the presence of general polyploid gene expression trends like expression level dominance and homoeologous expression biases in Gossypium polyploid species. (byu.edu)
  • A modified hot borate method significantly enhances the yield of high-quality RNA from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. (nih.gov)
  • An experiment was conducted at research farm, Agricultural research sub-station, Hanumangarh, a unit of Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner during Kharif season, 2016 to study the effect of water and nitrogen application rates on yield attributes, yield and water productivity of cotton (Gossypium sp. (icarda.org)
  • Comparison of Combining Ability of Yield Components of Plan Land and Ridges Pattern of Plantation in Gossypium hirsutum L. (scialert.net)
  • The development of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) floral bud prior to flowering is fundamental for yield formation since it is the initial step in the fruiting cycle. (usda.gov)
  • Waterlogging stress causes yield reduction in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). A major component of waterlogging stress is the lack of oxygen available to submerged tissues. (edu.au)
  • Effect of irrigation and nitrogen application on water productivity and performance of Cotton (Gossypium sp. (icarda.org)