Gossypium: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.Cotton Fiber: A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.Polyploidy: The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.Tetraploidy: The presence of four sets of chromosomes. It is associated with ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; and MISCARRAGES.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Gossypol: A dimeric sesquiterpene found in cottonseed (GOSSYPIUM). The (-) isomer is active as a male contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS, MALE) whereas toxic symptoms are associated with the (+) isomer.Diploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.Dicofol: An organochlorine insecticide.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Verticillium: A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.Ovule: The element in plants that contains the female GAMETOPHYTES.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial: DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.Magnoliaceae: A plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are trees and shrubs having an elongated conelike floral axis with fragrant flowers that have six tepals (sepals and petals that are not distinctly different) and many spirally arranged stamens.Bixaceae: A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Bixa contains bixin. Cochlospermum contains arjunolic acid and gum kondagogu (POLYSACCHARIDES).Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)

GTPase activity and biochemical characterization of a recombinant cotton fiber annexin. (1/777)

A cDNA encoding annexin was isolated from a cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fiber cDNA library. The cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the resultant recombinant protein was purified. We then investigated some biochemical properties of the recombinant annexin based on the current understanding of plant annexins. An "add-back experiment" was performed to study the effect of the recombinant annexin on beta-glucan synthase activity, but no effect was found. However, it was found that the recombinant annexin could display ATPase/GTPase activities. The recombinant annexin showed much higher GTPase than ATPase activity. Mg2+ was essential for these activities, whereas a high concentration of Ca2+ was inhibitory. A photolabeling assay showed that this annexin could bind GTP more specifically than ATP. The GTP-binding site on the annexin was mapped into the carboxyl-terminal fourth repeat of annexin from the photolabeling experiment using domain-deletion mutants of this annexin. Northern-blot analysis showed that the annexin gene was highly expressed in the elongation stages of cotton fiber differentiation, suggesting a role of this annexin in cell elongation.  (+info)

A GroEL homologue from endosymbiotic bacteria of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci is implicated in the circulative transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl virus. (2/777)

Evidence for the involvement of a Bemisia tabaci GroEL homologue in the transmission of tomato yellow leaf curl geminivirus (TYLCV) is presented. A approximately 63-kDa protein was identified in B. tabaci whole-body extracts using an antiserum raised against aphid Buchnera GroEL. The GroEL homologue was immunolocalized to a coccoid-shaped whitefly endosymbiont. The 30 N-terminal amino acids of the whitefly GroEL homologue showed 80% homology with that from different aphid species and GroEL from Escherichia coli. Purified GroEL from B. tabaci exhibited ultrastructural similarities to that of the endosymbiont from aphids and E. coli. In vitro ligand assays showed that tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) particles displayed a specific affinity for the B. tabaci 63-kDa GroEL homologue. Feeding whiteflies anti-Buchnera GroEL antiserum before the acquisition of virions reduced TYLCV transmission to tomato test plants by >80%. In the haemolymph of these whiteflies, TYLCV DNA was reduced to amounts below the threshold of detection by Southern blot hybridization. Active antibodies were recovered from the insect haemolymph suggesting that by complexing the GoEL homologue, the antibody disturbed interaction with TYLCV, leading to degradation of the virus. We propose that GroEL of B. tabaci protects the virus from destruction during its passage through the haemolymph.  (+info)

Histological changes in the rat common carotid artery induced by aneurysmal wrapping and coating materials. (3/777)

Histological changes in and around the arterial walls of rats were investigated following topical application of aneurysmal wrapping and coating materials, including a fibrin glue, a cyanoacrylate glue (Biobond), and cotton fibers (Bemsheet). Bilateral common carotid arteries were exposed using sterile techniques, and one of the test materials was applied to the right artery. The left artery was used as the control. Changes in arterial histology were evaluated at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months after surgery. The fibrin glue was surrounded by intense inflammation at 2 weeks after surgery. Both the fibrin glue and inflammation had disappeared at 2 months, but the glue had induced mild inflammation in the adventitia. Biobond caused chronic inflammation, necrosis of the media, and thickening of the arterial wall due to fibrosis in both the media and adventitia. Bemsheet produced chronic inflammation, progressive fibrosis, and granuloma. Connective tissue increased in the adventitia, but no major changes were observed in the media. The Bemsheet fibers remained unchanged, and adhered to the arterial wall. Although arterial stenoses were not observed in the present study, the results suggest that cyanoacrylate glue can cause the arterial occlusive lesions observed following aneurysm surgery.  (+info)

Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods. (4/777)

Laboratory and room-scale experiments were conducted with natural and synthetic polymers: cotton, paper, wood, wool, acetate, acrylic, nylon, and urethane. Smoke and off-gases from single materials were generated in a dual-compartment 110-liter exposure chamber. Multicomponent, composite fuel loads were burned within a 100 m(3) facility subdivided into rooms. In chamber experiments, mortality depended on the amount of material burned, i.e., fuel consumption (FC). Conventional dose (FC)/mortality curves were obtained, and the amount of fuel required to produce 50% mortality (FC(50)) was calculated. With simple flame ignition, cotton was the only material that produced smoke concentrations lethal to rats; FC(50) values for cotton ranged from 2 g to 9 g, depending on the configuration of the cotton sample burned. When supplemental conductive heat was added to flame ignition, the following FC(50) values were obtained; nylon, 7 g; acrylic, 8 g; newsprint, 9 g; cotton, 10 g; and wood, 11 g. Mortality resulting from any given material depended upon the specific conditions employed for its thermal decomposition. Toxicity of off-gasses from pyrolysis of phosphorus-containing trimethylol propane-polyurethane foams was markedly decreased by addition of a flame ignition source. Further studies are needed to determine the possible relevance of single-material laboratory scale smoke toxicity experiments. Room-scale burns were conducted to assess the relative contributions of single materials to toxicity of smoke produced by a multicomponent self-perpetuating fire. Preliminary results suggest that this approach permits a realistic evaluation of the contribution of single materials to the toxicity of smoke from residential fires.  (+info)

Low levels of nucleotide diversity at homoeologous Adh loci in allotetraploid cotton (Gossypium L.). (5/777)

Levels of genetic diversity within and among populations and species are shaped by both external (population-level) and internal (genomic and genic) evolutionary forces. To address the effect of internal pressures, we estimated nucleotide diversity for a pair of homoeologous Adh loci in an allotetraploid species, Gossypium hirsutum. These data represent the first such estimates for a pair of homoeologous nuclear loci in plants. Estimates of nucleotide diversity for AdhA in Gossypium are lower than those for any plant nuclear gene yet described. This low diversity appears to reflect primarily a history of repeated, severe genetic bottlenecks associated with both speciation and recent domestication, supplemented by an unusually slow nucleotide substitution rate and an autogamous breeding system. While not statistically supportable, the sum of the observations also suggest differential evolutionary dynamics at each of the homoeologous loci.  (+info)

Identification of a novel circular single-stranded DNA associated with cotton leaf curl disease in Pakistan. (6/777)

Recent reports have suggested that cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV), a geminivirus of the genus Begomovirus, may be responsible for cotton leaf curl disease in Pakistan. However, the causal agent of the disease remains unclear as CLCuV genomic components resembling begomovirus DNA A are unable to induce typical disease symptoms when reintroduced into plants. All attempts to isolate a genomic component equivalent to begomovirus DNA B have been unsuccessful. Here, we describe the isolation and characterisation of a novel circular single-stranded (ss) DNA associated with naturally infected cotton plants. In addition to a component resembling DNA A, purified geminate particles contain a smaller unrelated ssDNA that we refer to as DNA 1. DNA 1 was cloned from double-stranded replicative form of the viral DNA isolated from infected cotton plants. Blot hybridisation using probes specific for either CLCuV DNA or DNA 1 was used to demonstrate that both DNAs co-infect naturally infected cotton plants from different geographical locations. DNA 1 was detected in viruliferous Bemisia tabaci and in tobacco plants infected under laboratory conditions using B. tabaci, indicating that it is transmitted by whiteflies. Sequence analysis showed that DNA 1 is approximately half the size of CLCuV DNA but shares no homology, indicating that it is not a defective geminivirus component. DNA 1 has some homology to a genomic component of members of Nanoviridae, a family of DNA viruses that are normally transmitted by aphids or planthoppers. DNA 1 encodes a homologue of the nanovirus replication-associated protein (Rep) and has the capacity to autonomously replicate in tobacco. The data suggest that a nanovirus-like DNA has become whitefly-transmissible as a result of its association with a geminivirus and that cotton leaf curl disease may result from a mutually dependent relationship that has developed between members of two distinct DNA virus families that share a similar replication strategy.  (+info)

Gene-specific changes in alpha-tubulin transcript accumulation in developing cotton fibers. (7/777)

The fibers of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) are single-cell trichomes that undergo rapid and synchronous elongation. Cortical microtubules provide spatial information necessary for the alignment of cellulose microfibrils that confine and regulate cell elongation. We used gene-specific probes to investigate alpha-tubulin transcript levels in elongating cotton fibers. Two discrete patterns of transcript accumulation were observed. Whereas transcripts of alpha-tubulin genes GhTua2/3 and GhTua4 increased in abundance from 10 to 20 d post anthesis (DPA), GhTua1 and GhTua5 transcripts were abundant only through to 14 DPA, and dropped significantly at 16 DPA with the onset of secondary wall synthesis. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of gene-specific changes in tubulin transcript levels during the development of a terminally differentiated plant cell. The decrease in abundance of GhTua1 and GhTua5 transcripts was correlated with pronounced changes in cell wall structure, suggesting that alpha-tubulin isoforms may be functionally distinct in elongating fiber cells. Although total alpha-tubulin transcript levels were much higher in fiber than several other tissues, including the hypocotyl and pollen, none of the alpha-tubulins was specific to fiber cells.  (+info)

Respiratory symptoms in Lancashire textile weavers. (8/777)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate a large population of cotton textile weavers for reported respiratory symptoms relative to occupational factors, smoking, and exposure to dust. Cotton processing is known to produce a respiratory disease known as byssinosis particularly in the early processes of cotton spinning. Relatively little is known about the respiratory health of the cotton weavers who produce cloth from spun cotton. By the time cotton is woven many of the original contaminants have been removed. METHODS: 1295 operatives from a target population of 1428 were given an interviewer led respiratory questionnaire. The presence of upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms were sought and the work relatedness of these symptoms determined by a stem questionnaire design. Also occupational and demographic details were obtained and spirometry and personal dust sampling performed. RESULTS: Byssinosis was present in only four people (0.3%). Chronic bronchitis had a moderate overall prevalence of about 6% and was related predominantly to smoking. There were several other work related respiratory symptoms (persistent cough 3.9%, chronic production of phlegm 3.6%, chest tightness 4.8%, wheezing 5.4%, and breathlessness 2.3%). All of these were predicted predominantly by smoking (either past or present), with no consistent independent effect of exposure to dust. Work related eye and nasal symptoms were more common (10.4% and 16.9% respectively). CONCLUSION: Byssinosis is a rare respiratory symptom in cotton weaving. Other work related respiratory symptoms were reported but their presence was predominantly related to smoking with no consistent effects of exposure to dust.  (+info)

*Cotton

The Biology of Gossypium hirsutum L. and Gossypium barbadense L. (cotton). ogtr.gov.au "Natural fibres: Cotton" Archived 3 ... Gossypium barbadense - known as extra-long staple cotton, native to tropical South America (8% of world production) Gossypium ... Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense), encouraged British traders to purchase cotton from plantations in the United ... The domestication of Gossypium hirsutum in Mexico is dated between 3400 and 2300 BC. In Peru, cultivation of the indigenous ...

*Gossypium

Subgenus Gossypium Gossypium arboreum L. - tree cotton (India and Pakistan) Gossypium herbaceum L. - Levant cotton (southern ... Consequently, the genus Gossypium has long attracted the attention of scientists. The origin of the genus Gossypium is dated to ... "Gossypium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-09-08. "GRIN Species Records of Gossypium". Germplasm ... ex Seem - Maʻo or Hawaiian cotton (Hawaii) Subgenus Sturtia Gossypium australe F.Muell (northwestern Australia) Gossypium ...

*Gossypium australe

It is sometimes confused with Sturt's Desert Rose Gossypium sturtianum. Paczkowska, Grazyna (1996-09-19). "Gossypium australe F ... Gossypium australe is an endemic woody shrub, related to cotton, found in north western Australia. Preferring sandy soils near ... Gossypium australe. F.Muell. (Native Cotton) Fragm. 1:46 (1858) Chippendale, Thelma M; Chippendale, George (1980) [1968]. ... ISBN 0-7016-0279-1. Gossypium, from the arabic for softness; australe, Australian ,. ...

*Gossypium tomentosum

Media related to Gossypium tomentosum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Gossypium tomentosum at Wikispecies Gossypium ... Genetic studies indicate that Hawaiian cotton is related to American species of Gossypium, with its closest relative Gossypium ... Gossypium tomentosum, commonly known as Maʻo or Hawaiian cotton, is a species of cotton plant that is endemic to the Hawaiian ... Gossypium tomentosum is proposed, based on biogeographic evidence and molecular data, to have originated by transoceanic ...

*Gossypium herbaceum

... , commonly known as Levant cotton, is a species of cotton native to the semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan ... Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Gossypium herbaceum". African plants - a Photo Guide. Frankfurt/Main: ... of Gossypium arboreum. G. herbaceum has high stems that grow 2 feet (0.61 m) to 6 feet (1.8 m) high with wide, hairy leaves. ...

*Gossypium arboreum

Media related to Gossypium arboreum at Wikimedia Commons Public domain photo (copyright expired) of Gossypium arboreum (flickr. ... Gossypium arboreum var. neglecta, locally known as "Phuti karpas", is the variant used to make Muslin in East India, now ... Gossypium arboreum, commonly called tree cotton, is a species of cotton native to India, Pakistan and other tropical and ... It is a sister species of Gossypium herbaceum. Tree cotton is a shrub attaining heights of one to two metres. Its branches are ...

*Gossypium raimondii

... is a species of cotton plant endemic to northern Peru. Its genome has been sequenced in order to improve ... "Tropicos , Name - Gossypium raimondii Ulbr". tropicos.org. Retrieved 2016-05-14. Wang, Kunbo; Wang, Zhiwen; Li, Fuguang; Ye, ... "The draft genome of a diploid cotton Gossypium raimondii". Nature Genetics. 44 (10): 1098-1103. doi:10.1038/ng.2371. ISSN 1061- ... the productivity and fiber quality of other Gossypium species. " ...

*Gossypium thurberi

A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton. Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:73. USDA - Gossypium thurberi Soule, J.A ... Gossypium thurberi, also known as Arizona wild cotton, Thurber's cotton, or Desert Cotton, is a wild species of cotton. Their ... A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae). Rheedea 2:136. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. ... Tierra del Soule Press, Tucson, AZ USDA - Gossypium thurberi. ...

*Gossypium sturtianum

Sturt's Desert Rose (Gossypium sturtianum) is a woody shrub, closely related to cultivated cotton, found in most mainland ... trilobum (F.Muell.) J.H.Willis is sometimes considered a synonym of Gossypium robinsonii. The Sturt's Desert Rose is found in ...

*Gossypium barbadense

... , also known as extra-long staple (ELS) cotton, is a species of cotton plant that has been cultivated to ... 2015), "Gossypium barbadense genome sequence provides insight into the evolution of extra-long staple fiber and specialized ... This cotton, known as upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), could be grown successfully in the interior uplands. Short-staple ...

*Gossypium darwinii

... , or Darwin's cotton, is a species of cotton plant which is found only on the Galapagos Islands. Genetic ... studies indicate that it is most closely related to the native American species Gossypium barbadense, thus it is surmised that ...

*Gossypium hirsutum

Gossypium schottii G. Watt, Wild cult. cotton 206. 1907. Gossypium taitense Parl., Sp. Cotoni 39, t. 6, fig. A. 1866. Gossypium ... Gossypium lanceolatum Tod., Relaz. cult. coton. 185. 1877. Gossypium marie-galante G. Watt, Kew Bull. 1927:344. 1927. Gossypium ... Gossypium punctatum Schumach., Beskr. Guin. pl. 309. 1827. Gossypium purpurascens Poir., Encycl. suppl. 2:369. 1811. Gossypium ... Gossypium morrillii O. F. Cook & J. Hubb., J. Washington Acad. Sci. 16:339. 1926. Gossypium palmeri G. Watt, Wild cult. cotton ...

*Novosphingobium gossypii

... is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacterium from the genus of Novosphingobium which ... "Novosphingobium gossypii". www.uniprot.org. "Details: DSM-29615". www.dsmz.de. Kämpfer, Peter; McInroy, John A.; Glaeser, ... Stefanie P.; Martin, Karin (1 September 2015). "Novosphingobium gossypii sp. nov., isolated from Gossypium hirsutum". ... Type strain of Novosphingobium gossypii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...

*Mucilaginibacter gossypii

"Mucilaginibacter gossypii". www.uniprot.org. Madhaiyan, M.; Poonguzhali, S.; Lee, J.-S.; Senthilkumar, M.; Lee, K. C.; Sundaram ... Mucilaginibacter gossypii is a Gram-negative, non-motile and plant-growth-promoting bacterium from the genus of ... S. (27 November 2009). "Mucilaginibacter gossypii sp. nov. and Mucilaginibacter gossypiicola sp. nov., plant-growth-promoting ...

*Stigmella gossypii

... is a moth of the Nepticulidae family. It is found in Puerto Rico and Florida. The wingspan is 3-3.2 ... The larvae feed on Gossypium barbadense. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine is slender, sinuous and located on ...

*Xyletobius gossypii

... is a beetle species in the family Anobiidae. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 12, 2009 ... gossypii "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 27, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2014. ...

*Colletotrichum gossypii

... is a plant pathogen. This fungus is related to cotton plants where it causes anthracnose. Its ...

*Acrocercops gossypii

... is a moth of the Gracillariidae family. It is known from South Africa. The larvae feed on Gossypium ... herbaceum and Gossypium hirsutum. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine has the form of a large, irregular, ...

*Bucculatrix gossypii

... is a moth of the Bucculatricidae family. It is found in Queensland, Australia. The larvae are considered a ... minor pest, since they feed on the foliage of Gossypium hirsutum. They initially mine the leaves of their host plant. Later, ...

*Penicillium gossypii

... is a species of the genus of Penicillium. List of Penicillium species MycoBank Robert A. Samson, J I Pitt ...

*Phakopsora gossypii

... is a plant pathogen and causal agent of Cotton rust. Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database SMML Database ...

*Corythucha gossypii

C. gossypii is found on the underside of the leaves of the host. The more adults and nymphs that are present, the more badly ... Corythucha gossypii, the cotton lace bug or bean lace bug, is a species of lace bug in the family Tingidae that is associated ... C. gossypii is a common pest of cotton, but has also been reported from the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis) and another ... Varón, E.H.; Moreira, M.D.; Corredor, J.P. (2010). "Effect of C. gossypii on Castor Oil Plant Leaves: Sampling Criteria and ...

*Eremothecium gossypii

... (also known as Ashbya gossypii) is a filamentous fungus or mold closely related to yeast, but growing ... gossypii genes are orthologs of S. cerevisiae genes, and 90% map within blocks of synteny (syntenic homologs). The E. gossypii ... gossypii and the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The complete sequencing and annotation of the entire E. gossypii genome, as ... E. gossypii and S. cerevisiae originated from a common ancestor which carried about 5000 genes. Divergence of these two close ...

*Acyrthosiphon gossypii

The Melon aphid (Acyrthosiphon gossypii), also known as Cotton aphid, is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order ... on the mortality and fecundity of two co-existing cotton aphid species Aphis gossypii Glover and Acyrthosiphon gossypii ... "Effect of temperature on the biology of Acyrthosiphon gossypii Mordvilko (Homoptera: Aphididae) on cotton". Journal of Pest ... http://www.nbair.res.in/Aphids/Acyrthosiphon-gossypii.php[full citation needed] Gao, Gui-Zhen; Perkins, Lynda E.; Zalucki, ...

*Aphis gossypii

... is a tiny insect or greenfly in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera. It is a true bug and sucks ... parasitizing Aphis gossypii (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae)" (PDF). European Journal of Entomology. 105: 121-129. doi:10.14411/eje. ...
Çanakkale Koşullarında Farklı Sulama Seviyelerinin Pamukta (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Lif Kalitesi Üzerine Etkisi/Different Levels of Irrigation Effects of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Fiber Quality Conditions Grown in Çanakkale
Heat stress adversely affects upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production in the U.S.. A low level of genetic variability in domesticated upland cotton is one of the major constraints for cotton germplasm improvement. Utilization of exotic accessions through introgression could have potential to improve the heat tolerance of upland cotton. Heat tolerance is difficult to determine, especially when yield and fiber quality are the parameters measured in photoperiodic, non-adapted genotypes. Chlorophyll fluorescence is a widely used technique in abiotic stress studies. My objectives were: (1) to evaluate wild (mostly photoperiodic, non-adapted) genotypes for heat tolerance using a chlorophyll fluorescence assay; (2) to determine the heritability of heat tolerance identified by chlorophyll fluorescence in the segregating generations and select elite lines among advanced populations based on this measurement; (3) and to identify if heat tolerance as measured by chlorophyll fluorescence translates ...
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are conserved signal transduction pathways in all eukaryotic organisms. MAPKKKs (MAPK kinase kinases) operate at the top levels of these cascades. Recently, this family of genes has been systematically investigated in Arabidopsis, rice and maize, but has not yet been characterized in cotton. In this study, we identified 78 putative MAPKKK genes in the genome of the diploid cotton, Gossypium raimondii. They were classified into three subfamilies, of which 12 were ZIK, 22 were MEKK and 44 were Raf. The ZIK and MEKK genes displayed a scattered genomic distribution across 11 of the 13 chromosomes, whereas Raf genes were distributed across the entire genome. Their conserved patterns observed for introns and additional domains were consistent with the evolutionary relationships inferred from the phylogenetic analysis within subfamily. Transcriptome sequencing data were used to investigate their transcript profiles in mature leaves, 0 day and 3 days post
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are conserved signal transduction pathways in all eukaryotic organisms. MAPKKKs (MAPK kinase kinases) operate at the top levels of these cascades. Recently, this family of genes has been systematically investigated in Arabidopsis, rice and maize, but has not yet been characterized in cotton. In this study, we identified 78 putative MAPKKK genes in the genome of the diploid cotton, Gossypium raimondii. They were classified into three subfamilies, of which 12 were ZIK, 22 were MEKK and 44 were Raf. The ZIK and MEKK genes displayed a scattered genomic distribution across 11 of the 13 chromosomes, whereas Raf genes were distributed across the entire genome. Their conserved patterns observed for introns and additional domains were consistent with the evolutionary relationships inferred from the phylogenetic analysis within subfamily. Transcriptome sequencing data were used to investigate their transcript profiles in mature leaves, 0 day and 3 days post
Measurement or estimation of leaf area is essential for understanding crop responses to experimental treatments. The objective of this study was to develop regression models for estimating leaf area of field-grown cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) from measurements of leaf dry weight (LDW), vegetative components (stems and leaves) dry weight (VDW) and plant height (PH). Three cotton cultivars (Deltapine 25, Sahel and Siokra 324) with different leaf morphologies were grown under varying growth conditions created by four different planting dates in a temperate sub-humid environment (Gorgan, Iran). Leaf area, LDW, VDW and PH were measured at one month after emergence, squaring, flowering, bolling, boll opening and second harvest. Data set for validation was collected during growing season of 2003 in different experiments. Measured leaf area ranged from 170 to 8167 cm2 plant -1. Different regression models were examined for describing leaf area relationships to LDW, VDW and PH. It was found that the power
Gossypium Arboreum Leaf Cell Extract - Surfactants - SAAPedia - SAAPedia, Detailed description of the surfactant characteristics, uses - Page1
The invention relates to the novel cotton variety designated 04T048. Provided by the invention are the seeds, plants, plant parts and derivatives of the cotton variety 04T048. Also provided by the invention are tissue cultures of the cotton variety 04T048 and the plants regenerated therefrom. Still further provided by the invention are methods for producing cotton plants by crossing the cotton variety 04T048 with itself or another cotton variety and plants produced by such methods.
Robust information of genetic diversity among Bt cotton genotypes is still lacking and availability of several marker systems has prompted us to compare their utility for the detection of genetic diversity. Here, we report the comparative efficiency of morphological and molecular markers (EST-SSRs and ISSRs) in determining the genetic diversity among 30 Pakistani Bt cotton genotypes. Three different dendrograms based on 20 EST-SSRs, 13 ISSRs and 20 morphological markers divided the 30 Bt cotton genotypes into five, six, and three clusters, respectively. EST-SSRs and ISSRs revealed 0.73-1.00 and 0.77-0.97 genetics similarity among Bt cotton genotypes which indicated low level of genetic diversity. Further population structure analysis showed extensive allelic admixture among Bt cotton cultivars and identified three (EST-SSRs) and six (ISSRs) subgroups. The MGHES-31 (EST-SSRs) and UBC-807 and UBC-815 (ISSRs) showed maximum values of Polymorphic Information Contents(PIC) and Dj and had low value of Cj. The
How to Cite: HIRIMBUREGAMA, K. & GAMAGE, N., (2017). IN VITRO CALLUS AND CELL CULTURES OF GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L. (COTTON). Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka. 22(4), pp.305-312. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v22i4.8133 ...
Preparations: Cottonseed Oil. "Cotton Boot Bark is the dried root-bark of Gossypium herbaceum, Linn., and of other cultivated species of Gossypium." Br.. "The recently-gathered air-dried bark of the root of one or more of the cultivated varieties of Gossypium herbaceum Linne, Gossypium Barbadense Linne, or Gossypium arboreum Linne (Fam. Malvaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. of wood or other foreign matter." N. F.. Gossypii Cortex, N.F.; Ecorce de la Racine de Cottonnier Fr.; Baumwoll-Wurzelrinde, G.; Corteza de la raiz dalgodon, Sp.. In consequence of changes produced in the plants of this genus by cultivation, botanists have found great difficulty in determining which are distinct species and which are merely varieties. By some taxonomists more than fifty species of Gossypium are recognized. There are only 5 or 6 species which yield useful products and the bulk of the cotton is the product of two species: G. herbaceum L., which furnishes the Upland or short staple cotton, ...
Cotton varieties expressing Cry proteins derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are grown worldwide for the management of pest Lepidoptera. To prevent non-target pest outbreaks and to retain the biological control function provided by predators and parasitoids, the potential risk that Bt crops may pose to non-target arthropods is addressed prior to their commercialization. Aphids play an important role in agricultural systems since they serve as prey or host to a number of predators and parasitoids and their honeydew is an important energy source for several arthropods. To explore possible indirect effects of Bt crops we here examined the impact of Bt cotton on aphids and their honeydew. In climate chambers we assessed the performance of cotton aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) when grown on three Indian Bt (Cry1Ac) cotton varieties (MECH 12, MECH 162, MECH 184) and their non-transformed near isolines. Furthermore, we examined whether aphids pick up the Bt
p>An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.,/p> ,p>,a href="/manual/evidences">More…,/a>,/p> ...
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fibre that grows in a protective casing around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus gossypium. Cotton fibre is sustainable to grow, naturally soft, breathable and hypoallergenic making it ultimately comfortable to wear.Gossypium cotton is made in India in the Hisar District in the state of Haryana by an eco-friendly manufacturer who is very much at the heart of the local community, promoting fair labour practices and the welfare and development of its employees.Through every stage of its creation; from the selection of the raw cotton fibre, which is of the highest quality and grown in the area surrounding  the mill, through spinning, dyeing and balling, gossypium cotton is crafted for you with care.With eight pastel colours taken from the British Blue Wool colour palette, this naturally soft and breathable cotton yarn is perfect for baby50g ball100% soft, matt cottonapprox. 100m / 109 yds20-22 sts & 28-31 rows = 10cm / 4inNeedles  3.75-4mm / US 5-6
Gossypium Herbaceum materia medica indications and buy Gossypium Herbaceum, the homeopathic remedy, in in 2X-200X, 2C-200C, 1M-10M, , Q
Drought stress is one of the major abiotic factors affecting crop growth and limiting production worldwide. Cotton genotypes vary in drought tolerance, and the effects of drought stress on the anatomy and physiology of cotton leaves and roots have been reported. However, information on physiological and metabolic processes of leaves and flowers of modern cotton cultivars under water-deficit stress during reproductive development is not well elucidated. It was hypothesized that water-deficit stress during squaring and flowering stages would impair stomatal conductance and photosynthetic efficiency of leaves, which consequently would result in osmotic adjustment through accumulation of compatible solutes, increased activity of enzymes, and perturbation of carbohydrates metabolism in leaves and flowers of cotton plants, and differences in drought tolerance among the genotypes would exist. Therefore, field and growth room experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of water-deficit stress during
A stain-clearing method, which facilitated the analysis of large numbers of ovules, was developed using methyl salicylate (MS) and azure C, and used with real-time video imaging and image capture. The ability to modulate contrast and illumination intensity using video made it feasible to reduce stain intensity and thus light interference from the specimen. Samples stained and cleared were used as whole mounts which allowed the specimen to be oriented for precise analysis. Of 440 semigamous zygotes examined 439 had one egg and one sperm nucleus resulting from syngamy without karyogamy indicating semigamy is completely expressed. All phenotypes observed in semigamous cotton seedlings appear to arise as products of zygote division. Haploid and tetraploid sectors may result from relative spindle positions, orientation, and the tendency for nearby telophase chromosomes to form a common nucleus. Semigamous endosperm nuclei are triploid, but fusion was never observed. Endosperm may be a result of ...
Polyploid formation appears to have conferred new avenues of response to selection for disease resistance in cotton. Among the six alleles (discrete plus QTLs) for Xcm resistance loci that appear to have arisen in tetraploid cottons, five (83%) mapped to D-subgenome chromosomes. A simple binomial calculation of the probability of this degree of bias being observed if the two subgenomes are equally likely to spawn R alleles-"one or fewer successes in six trials, where P = q = 0.5"-yields a likelihood of only 0.0156, suggesting that the D-subgenome of tetraploid cotton has a higher propensity to give rise to new R-gene alleles.. The complexity of the cotton/Xcm relationship is reflected in the discovery of both "horizontal" and "vertical" resistance components, especially regarding the B3 and b6 gene systems. One QTL (Qb6d) accounting for only 16.3% of variation in Xcm reaction in one population, corresponds in location to a discrete locus accounting for 94.2% of Xcm reaction in a different ...
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fibre that grows in a protective casing around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus gossypium. Cotton fibre is sustainable to grow, naturally soft, breathable and hypoallergenic making it ultimately comfortable to wear.. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fibre that grows in a protective casing around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus gossypium. Cotton fibre is sustainable to grow, naturally soft, breathable and hypoallergenic making it ultimately comfortable to wear.. ...
Brako, L. and Zarucchi, J.L. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: 1-1286.. CDC (Centro de Datos para la Conservación). 1998. Estado de conservación de Puya raimondii (Harms): evaluación y sugerencias para un plan de acción. CDC-Bolivia (Centro de Datos para la Conservación/TROPICO), La Paz.. Fjeldså, J. and Kessler, M. 1996. Conserving the biological diversity of Polylepis woodlands of the highland of Peru and Bolivia. NORDECO, Copenhagen.. Givnish, T.J. Millam, K.C., Evans, T.M., Hall, J.C., Pires, J.C., Berry, P.E. and Sytsma, K.J. 2004. Ancient vicariance or recent long distance dispersal? Inferences about phylogeny and South American - African disjunction in Rapateaceae and Bromeliaceae based on n dhF sequence data. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: S35-S54.. Hartmann, O. 1981. Puya raimondii cada vez son menos. Boletín de Lima 10: 79-83.. Horres, R., Zizka, G., Kahl, G. and ...
The invention relates to the novel cotton variety designated 07W903DF. Provided by the invention are the seeds, plants, plant parts and derivatives of the cotton variety 07W903DF. Also provided by th
I had a reader send me this experience, stressing the importance of using organically grown cotton roots. "I am writing concerning your section on cotton root bark. (I am writing from my friends e-mail account, Im not actually male. :) ) In any case, I would like to add a strong prohibition on using cotton root bark from standard agricultural sources (chemical laden farming, as you had written). I live in Memphis, directly across the Mississippi from the cotton fields of Arkansas. Three years ago I became very frightened of pregnancy, having had irresponsible sex during my fertile time. I read up in my herbal books, trucked myself over to Arkansas and dug roots. I peeled roots for an hour and made a mild tea because I had no dosage knowledge and began with the very smallest amount of root I could snip away. Within an hour I had cold chills, shakes, and I had my period two days later. This may *seem* like success, but during the time I was in my comforter with the chills and shaking I was *very ...
Cultivated Upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., is a partially diploidized allotetraploid species with relatively low levels of genetic diversity. Genetic gain through traditional breeding approaches is thus impeded. The wild species of the primary and secondary gene pools of cotton are approachable sources of agronomic traits of interest, but biological, cytogenetic, genetic and reproductive incompatibilities can impede progress. Genomic markers can alleviate certain difficulties, and expedite selective transfer of exotic species germplasm into one or more elite genotypes of a crop species. Coordinated development of Chromosome Segment Substitution Lines (CSSLs) using markers can in principle lead to complete representation of an alien genome in a cultivated crop. Co-released with the CottonSNP63K Array, a BeadChip array for high-throughput genotyping of cotton, was a cluster file designed to facilitate automated genotype-calling germplasm from the primary genepool. Reported here is a new ...
Gossypium Hirsutum Seed Extract - Surfactants - SAAPedia - SAAPedia, Detailed description of the surfactant characteristics, uses - Page1
This study evaluates the effect of 1% to 5% NaOH treatments of cotton stalk particles on the chemical composition and physical and mechanical properties of particleboards produced with this material. Gas chromatography and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy indicated that the extractive, hemicellulose, and lignin content of the particles decreased during the alkali treatments, whereas the cellulose content increased. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that the untreated particles exhibited higher thermal stability than the particles treated with NaOH. The decrease in thermal stability of alkali-treated particles seems to be due to degradation of chemical components. Alkali treatments raised water absorption (WA) and thickness swelling (TS) of the produced particleboards. Except for 1% NaOH, the treatments reduced the modulus of elasticity (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), and internal bond (IB) strength in relation to the board made with untreated particles. The 1% NaOH ...
The international research team led by Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and BGI have completed the genome sequence and analysis of a diploid cotton- Gossypium raimondii. The cotton genome provides an invaluable ...
Cotton Plant, Cotton Root Bark, Cotonnier, Gossypium Album (Ham.), Short Staple, Gossypium Nigrum, Ham., Sea Island cotton.. ...
Virescence, as a recognizable phenotype in the early development stage of cotton, is not only available for research on chloroplast development and photosynthesis but also for heterosis exploitation in cotton. In current study, for fine mapping of virescent-1 (v1) in cotton, three populations with a total of 5 678 individuals were constructed using T582 which has the virescent trait. Tobacco rattle virus, TRV1 and TRV2 (pYL156), were used as vectors for the virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) assay. The v1 gene was fine-mapped to a 20 kb interval on chromosome 20 of tetraploid cotton. We identified only one candidate gene with four single nucleotide polymorphisms between parents, among which the single nucleotide polymorphism at the position of 1 082 base pair caused the change of amino acid residue from Arg (3-79) to Lys (T582). The relative expression of the candidate gene in virescent plants was extensively lower than that in normal plants. Nullification of the gene by VIGS significantly turned the
Abstract (provisional) Background Cotton is the worlds most important natural textile fiber and a significant oilseed crop. Decoding cotton genomes will provide the ultimate reference and resource for research and utilization of the species. Integration of high-density genetic maps with genomic sequence information will largely accelerate the process of whole-genome assembly in cotton. Results In this paper, we update a high-density interspecific genetic linkage map of allotetraploid cultivated cotton. An additional 1,167 marker loci have been added to our previously published map of 2,247 loci. Three new marker types, InDel (insertion-deletion) and SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) developed from gene information, and REMAP (retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism), were used to increase map density. The updated map consists of 3,414 loci in 26 linkage groups covering 3,667.62 cM with an average inter-locus distance of 1.08 cM. Furthermore, genome-wide sequence analysis was
Cotton (Gossypium obtusifolium). 1907 anatomical illustration of a Gossypium obtusifolium cotton plant, showing its flowers and seedpods (bolls), from which cotton is formed. - Stock Image C033/5311
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An ocean of little white clouds, smooth and weightless. Softly blowing in the wind, warmly glowing in the sun. One wants to sink into it, nestle up and feel secure. Is this seventh heaven?. Tender and feathery slim ribbons huddle around plain stationery, delicate lace around sensual bodies, shiny satin around subtle vases and golden pearls through teasingly red hair.. Stony Creek in Virginia, USA, is famous for its variety of cotten fields. For Michael and Carina Photography the perfect location to hold an incomparable workshop which Sally Pinera didn´t want to miss.. She told: „Something delicate, something soft, something elegant - that was what we had in mind when approaching this workshop. The cotton field was a dream. The shoot occurred during golden hour to ensure soft glowing light would be prominent. Easy hair and barely there makeup heightened our brides beauty as she glowed in the sun, surrounded by soft cottons. I was inspired by the soft whisp of her hair, the fabrics draping and ...
Cotton Leaf Curl Disease is among the most destroying viral catastrophe that causes tremendous loss to cotton yield particularly in Pakistan during the past 20
ID A0A0B0MCI8_GOSAR Unreviewed; 463 AA. AC A0A0B0MCI8; DT 04-MAR-2015, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 04-MAR-2015, sequence version 1. DT 12-APR-2017, entry version 8. DE SubName: Full=Aspartyl aminopeptidase {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KHF99832.1}; GN ORFNames=F383_17385 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KHF99832.1}; OS Gossypium arboreum (Tree cotton) (Gossypium nanking). OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; OC Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Malvales; Malvaceae; Malvoideae; OC Gossypium. OX NCBI_TaxID=29729 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KHF99832.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032142}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032142} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RA Mudge J., Ramaraj T., Lindquist I.E., Bharti A.K., Sundararajan A., RA Cameron C.T., Woodward J.E., May G.D., Brubaker C., Broadhvest J., RA Wilkins T.A.; RL Submitted (SEP-2014) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. CC -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the peptidase M18 family. CC ...
Callus was initiated from hypocotyl and cotyledon explants of seven of commercial Kazakh cotton cultivars on MS medium supplemented with 0,1 mg L-1 2,4-D and 0,5 mg L-1 kinetin. The percentage of callus formation ranged from 64,0 to 91,0% for cotyledons and from 72 to 90% for hypocotyls. Study of morphological heterogeneity peculiarities of metamorphosis and histological structure of calli of cotton allowed to identifying seven tissues types and selecting the morphologically stable and perspective callus type for embryogenesis. Significant differences between the calli types of cotton were found by histological and morphological comparative analysis.
Knowledge of the inheritance of disease resistance and genomic regions housing resistance (R) genes is essential to prevent expanding pathogen threats such as Fusarium wilt [Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (FOV) Atk. Sny & Hans] in cotton (Gossypium spp.). We conducted a comprehensive study combining conventional inheritance, genetic and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping, QTL marker-sequence composition, and genome sequencing to examine the distribution, structure and organization of disease R genes to race 1 of FOV in the cotton genome. Molecular markers were applied to F(2) and recombinant inbred line (RIL) interspecific mapping populations from the crosses Pima-S7 (G. barbadense L.) × Acala NemX (G. hirsutum L.) and Upland TM-1 (G. hirsutum) × Pima 3-79 (G. barbadense), respectively. Three greenhouse tests and one field test were used to obtain sequential estimates of severity index (DSI) of leaves, and vascular stem and root staining (VRS). A single resistance gene model was ...
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The Gossypium hirsutum cv. Liaomian No. 9 were mutagenized by 60Co γ ray, from which the mutant line Zhonghuzhi PI 935 (be called PI 935 for short) was bred by family selection method. The PI 935 not only has some good traits (growing period, drought tolerance, lint color and fiber quality) similar to the original cultivar, but also has higher lint outturn and lint yield than that of the Liaomian No. 9. The PI 935 has been identified and regional tested in nine places times for four years in the southern Xinjiang Weiwuer autonomous region. It was shown that the PI 935 had the higher lint outturn for the average 47.3 % was ten-point percentage more than that of the check cultivars (Junmian No. 1 or Xinluzhong No. 5 ) , the similar lint yield by and large and the growing period by five days later than that of the checks. The PI 935 was collected in the National Bank of Crop Germplasm (u-nified No. ZM 114274 and named Zhonghuzhi PI 935).
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds. The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile. The use of cotton for fabric is known to date to prehistoric times; fragments of cotton fabric dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and between 6000 BC and 5000 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization. Although cultivated since antiquity, it was the invention of the cotton gin that lowered the cost of production that led ...
Description: Plant architecture is an important agronomic trait driven by meristematic activities. Indeterminate meristems set repeating phytomers while determinate meristems produce terminal structures. The centroradialis/terminal flower1/self pruning (CETS) gene family modulates architecture by controlling determinate and indeterminate growth. Cotton (G. hirsutum) is naturally a photoperiodic perennial cultivated as a day-neutral annual. Management of this fiber crop is complicated by continued vegetative growth and asynchronous fruit set. Here, cotton CETS genes are phylogenetically and functionally characterized. We identified eight CETS genes in diploid cotton (G. raimondii and G. arboreum) and sixteen in tetraploid G. hirsutum that grouped within the three generally accepted CETS clades: flowering locus T (FT)-like, terminal flower1/self pruning (TFL1/SP)-like, and mother of FT and TFL1 (MFT)-like. Over-expression of single flower truss (GhSFT), the ortholog to Arabidopsis FT, accelerates ...
If GE cotton fields are not soaked with insecticides and non-GE cotton fields are soaked with insecticides, the GE cotton fields will have more living insects of all types. This is kind of obvious. The null hypothesis is what happens when you compare insect populations on GE and non-GE cotton fields without any application of any insecticides on either field. This is a classic example of the experimenter putting his thumb on the butchers scale and then getting exactly the result they predicted. It is not science; it is marketing.. ...
Component of the acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) complex. Biotin carboxylase (BC) catalyzes the carboxylation of biotin on its carrier protein (BCCP) and then the CO(2) group is transferred by the transcarboxylase to acetyl-CoA to form malonyl-CoA.
Texas cattle producers exploring option of feeding whole cotton plants - Texas cattle producers exploring option of feeding whole cotton plants October 21 2011 By: Blair Fannin COLLEGE STATION Texas beef producers are exploring the use of whole co...
ALEXANDRIA - The LSU AgCenter will host a field day at its Dean Lee Research Station Aug. 26.. Known as the Rapides Parish/Dean Lee Crop Field Day, this third annual event is slated to start at 3 p.m. Aug. 26 at the research station south of Alexandria.. The field day will feature two concurrent tours of fields where LSU AgCenter research is being conducted - one focusing on cotton research and the other on feed grain studies.. Presentations on cotton defoliation by LSU AgCenter cotton specialist Dr. Sandy Stewart and on feed grain variety developments and the soybean verification program by feed grain specialist Dr. David Lanclos will be included on both tours.. In addition, the cotton tour will include talks on plant population and Pix research by Stewart and graduate student Jonathan Siebert, on cotton varieties and late-season insect management by Stewart and LSU AgCenter entomologist Dr. Ralph Bagwell and on cotton weed control with herbicides and their development by research station ...
Abstract: Coronatine [COR] is a novel type of plant growth regulator with similarities in structure and property to jasmonate. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between increased root vitality induced by 10nM COR and reactive oxygen species scavenging under potassium (K)-replete (2.5mM) and K-deficient (0.05mM) conditions in hydroponic cultured cotton seedlings. K-replete and K-deficient conditions increased root vitality by 2.7- and 3.5-fold, respectively. COR treatment significantly decreased lipid peroxidation in cotton seedlings determined by reduction in MDA levels. These results suggest that COR improves the functioning of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant systems. Under K-replete and K-deficient conditions, COR significantly increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD (only for K-repletion), CAT, GPX, and APX comparing; COR also significantly increased DPPH-radical scavenging activity. However, COR led to 1.6- and 1.7-fold increases in ...
When they allow livestock to graze on the Bt cotton plants after harvest, thousands of sheep, goats, and buffalo died. Numerous others got sick. I visited one village where for seven to eight years they allowed their buffalo to graze on natural cotton plants without incident. But on January 3rd, 2008, they allowed their 13 buffalo to graze on Bt cotton plants for the first time. After just one days exposure, all died. The village also lost 26 goats and sheep.. One small study in Andhra Pradesh reported that all six sheep that grazed on Bt cotton plants died within a month, while the three controls fed natural cotton plants showed no adverse symptoms.. Living pesticide factories inside us?. Getting back to the Bt-toxin now circulating in the blood of North American adults and newborns-how did it get there? The study authors speculate that it was consumed in the normal diet of the Canadian middle class. They even suggest that the toxin may have come from eating meat from animals fed Bt corn-as ...
Several parasitoid species of flies and wasps may attack cotton pests (Figure 57), especially aphids and the larvae of lepidopteran pests. Various tiny wasps regularly lay their eggs inside the bodies of aphids. Within a few days the aphids are paralyzed, become swollen and discolored, and eventually die (Figure 58). Several days later, the adult wasp (Figure 59) emerges through a circular hole cut in the mummified body of the aphid. Other tiny wasps and parasitic flies attack the egg or larval stage of armyworms, bollworms, loopers, and other lepidopteran cotton pests.. Several naturally occurring pathogens also may infect and reduce populations of cotton pests. For example, epizootics or outbreaks of the fungal pathogen Neozygites fresenii can rapidly reduce cotton aphid infestations within 7 to 10 days. Infected aphids typically die with their mouthparts still inserted into the leaf and are covered with a velvety white or light gray growth (Figure 60). Later, secondary pathogens infect the ...
Several parasitoid species of flies and wasps may attack cotton pests (Figure 57), especially aphids and the larvae of lepidopteran pests. Various tiny wasps regularly lay their eggs inside the bodies of aphids. Within a few days the aphids are paralyzed, become swollen and discolored, and eventually die (Figure 58). Several days later, the adult wasp (Figure 59) emerges through a circular hole cut in the mummified body of the aphid. Other tiny wasps and parasitic flies attack the egg or larval stage of armyworms, bollworms, loopers, and other lepidopteran cotton pests.. Several naturally occurring pathogens also may infect and reduce populations of cotton pests. For example, epizootics or outbreaks of the fungal pathogen Neozygites fresenii can rapidly reduce cotton aphid infestations within 7 to 10 days. Infected aphids typically die with their mouthparts still inserted into the leaf and are covered with a velvety white or light gray growth (Figure 60). Later, secondary pathogens infect the ...
Zhang, T., Hu, Y., Jiang, W., Fang, L., Guan, X., Chen, J., Zhang, J., Saski, C., Scheffler, B.E., Stelly, D.M., Hulse-Kemp, A.M., Wan, Q., Liu, B., Liu, C., Wang, S., Pan, M., Wang, Y., Wang, D., Ye, W., Chang, L., Zhang, W., Song, Q., Kirkbride, R.C., Chen, X., Dennis, E., Llewellyn, D.J., Peterson, D.G., Thaxton, P., Jones, D.C., Wang, Q., Xu, X., Zhang, H., Wu, H., Zhou, L., Mei, G., Chen, S., Tian, Y., Xiang, D., Li, X., Ding, J., Zuo, Q., Tao, L., Liu, Y., Li, J., Lin, Y., Hui, Y., Cao, Z., Cai, C., Zhu, X., Jiang, Z., Zhou, B., Guo, W., Li, R., Chen, Z. 2015. Sequencing of allotetraploid cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. acc. TM-1) provides a resource for fiber improvement. Nature Biotechnology. 33(5):531-537. doi:10.1038/nbt.3207 ...
Alternaria leaf blight has been observed in no fewer than a dozen cotton fields in northeast Louisiana, and damage appears to be greatest in fields with low potash levels.
One of the exciting opportunities stimulated by the convergence of modern genomic approaches with other areas of biology is that of resolving the enigmatic processes by which new phenotypes arise. Using a well-developed model system from the cotton genus (Gossypium) and multiple genomic resources, we are using comparative approaches combined with advanced population development to will reveal the steps and complexities involved in transforming primitive trichomes to the economically important fibers of modern cotton cultivars. Our goal is to understand the genetic causes and system-wide effects that underlie phenotypic change. An exciting dimension to our work is that it involves domestication at both the diploid and allopolyploid levels, permitting us to explore the possibility that polyploid formation created novel opportunities for phenotypic evolution. Also, because two different allopolyploid species were independently domesticated, we have an outstanding opportunity to evaluate ...
Line x Tester Analysis for Yield and Yield Attributes in upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Insilco Characterization and Predication of Mutation Host
Zart schmiegen sich schmale Bänder um schlichte Papeterie, delikate Spitze um sinnliche Körper und in Gold gefasste Perlen durch betörend rotes Haar.
Microarrays offer a powerful tool for diverse applications plant biology and crop improvement. Recently, two comprehensive assemblies of cotton ESTs were constructed based on three Gossypium species. Using these assemblies as templates, we describe the design and creation and of a publicly available oligonucleotide array for cotton, useful for all four of the cultivated species. Synthetic oligonucleotide probes were generated from exemplar sequences of a global assembly of 211,397 cotton ESTs derived from |50 different cDNA libraries representing many different tissue types and tissue treatments. A total of 22,787 oligonucleotide probes are included on the arrays, optimized to target the diversity of the transcriptome and previously studied cotton genes, transcription factors, and genes with homology to Arabidopsis. A small portion of the oligonucleotides target unidentified protein coding sequences, thereby providing an element of gene discovery. Because many oligonucleotides were based on ESTs from
We estimated survival and final location of neonate Helicoverpa armigera after 72 h on both genetically modified (GM) and conventional cotton at the squaring stage. On average, about 2.5% out of a total of 1620 initial larvae survived on two gene GM cotton (CS × 450, 289BGII®) compared with 39.5% out of a total of 810 initial larvae on Sicot 189, a conventional cotton variety. A disproportionate number of larvae were collected on squares of GM cotton, assuming they behave the same way on GM plants as on conventional plants but suffer higher rates of mortality. Our results imply that the behaviour of neonates on GM plants in terms of finding squares (and/or better survival on squares) may be contributing to the continued pest status of Helicoverpa on GM cotton from time to time. Experiments to determine if selection for changed behaviour in the field has or is occurring are urgently required ...
We recently demonstrated that cotyledons of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings synthesize N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE), an unusual acylated derivative of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), during postgerminative growth (K.D. Chapman and T.S. Moore [1993] Arch Biochem Biophys 301: 21-)33). Here, we report the discovery of an acyltransferase enzyme, fatty acid: diacylphosphatidylethanolamine N-acyltransferase (designated NAPE synthase), that synthesizes NAPE from PE and free fatty acids (FFA) in cottonseed microsomes. [14C]NAPE was synthesized from [14C]palmitic acid and endogenous PE in a time-, pH-, temperature-, and protein concentration-dependent manner. [14C]Palmitic acid was incorporated exclusively into the N-acyl position of NAPE. [14C]palmitoyl coenzyme A (CoA) and [14C]-dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (PC) were poor acyl donors for the synthesis of NAPE (i.e. 200- and 3000-fold lower incorporation efficiency than palmitic acid, respectively). Synthesis of NAPE from ...
Read "Estimation of the efficiency of seed irradiation by thermal neutrons for inducing chromosomal aberrations in M1 of cotton Gossypium hirsutum L., Russian Journal of Genetics" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Stock video footage Montage, cotton fields ready to harvest, cotton fields with spider web backlit by sun, cotton fields time lapse. 1920x1080. 00:00:17 . From $60. Royalty free. Download now on Pond5 ...
Study of LAD, RDMP and CGR of late sown Bt Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) as influenced by different plant spacings, fertilizer levels and NAA applications under ...
About the assembly. The ZM24 genome assembly was conducted using a Canu-based pipeline (Koren, S. et al. 2017) with the following procedures: longer seed reads were selected with the settings genomeSize = 600000000 and corOutCoverage = 35; raw reads overlapping was detected through a high sensitive overlapper MHAP (mhap-2.1.2, option corMhapSensitivity = low/normal/high), and an error correction was performed through Falcon sense method (option correctedErrorRate = 0.025); error-corrected reads were trimmed of unsupported bases and hairpin adapters in order to reach their longest supporting range with the default parameters, and then the draft assembly was generated using the top 80% longest trimmed reads. The raw Illumina reads were filtered as mentioned in the Illumina sequencing section. Finally, the clean reads from the same sequencing individuals were integrated to correct the SNPs and InDels in the draft assemblies using Pilon v1.22 (Walker, B. J. et al., 2014) with the parameters ...
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Excitotoxicity is one of the most extensively studied processes of neuronal death and plays an important role in Alzheimers disease. In the present study, the protective effects of Gossypium herbaceam extracts (GHE) on learning and memory impairment
Khadi: The Fabric of Freedom by . Contents: Foreword/Andreas Reinhart. Reflections on Khadi/Asha Sarabhai From a different cloth/Rudrangshu Mukherjee Khadi the thread of inner silence/Rta Kapur-Chishti Photo essay/Manuel Bauer/Lookat Hand-spun and hand-woven : cotton Khadi in the new millennium/Rahul Jain Introduction Cotton Species and cultivation : Cotton cultivation in India Cotton varieties in India The structure and properties of cotton fibre : Chemical composition Molecular structure Physical structure and properties Pre-spinning and spinning processes : Cotton picking Ginning and baling Carding Drawing, combing, roving Spinning Weaving and finishing processes Special cotton for Khadi A future for cotton Khadi Concordance list Shanti Sutra.
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
2 years ago - Compiled by Staff Ah, soft, smooth cotton. We love it in our sheets, our tablecloths, and luxurious cotton shirts. But did you know that different cotton species can grow as rugged trees in Australia or Central America? Or as a wild shrub in the southern United States? And that the cotton plant has quite the history of genetics to tell?. From transoceanic travels to inter-species cross-breedings, cottons story is one of plant and seed survival, adaptation, and human cultivation. What started as a naturally tough, unspinnable fiber has been transformed into something most folks adore for its soft, comforting feel.. Humans have been using cotton for more than 6,000 years. (As a reference, synthetic fibers like polyester werent created until after World War 1.) Cultivation - farming it and trying to improve the crop yield and properties - started at least 3,000 years ago. Many of us studied Eli Whitney and his invention of the cotton gin in 1794 as part of our history classes. But ...
In some countries, cotton seed is disinfected as a supplementary measure to control Platyedra gossypiella Saund. The practice began m Egypt where the insect remains in larval diapause in the seed, a habit which favours the dissemination of the pest. In Mozambique, where the pest is widespread, seed disinfection was adopted in addition to other methods of control on the assumption that Pink bollworm had the same habits as in Egypt.
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Results for cotton crop equipment from Actagro Organic Acids, Actara, AEROMAT and other leading brands. Compare and contact a supplier near you on agriculture-xprt.com
Henriettes herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. Its been online since 1995, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland.. ...
Genetically modified (GM) cotton was developed to reduce the heavy reliance on pesticides. The bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) naturally produces a chemical harmful only to a small fraction of insects, most notably the larvae of moths and butterflies, beetles, and flies, and harmless to other forms of life.[23][24][25] The gene coding for Bt toxin has been inserted into cotton, causing cotton, called Bt cotton, to produce this natural insecticide in its tissues. In many regions, the main pests in commercial cotton are lepidopteran larvae, which are killed by the Bt protein in the transgenic cotton they eat. This eliminates the need to use large amounts of broad-spectrum insecticides to kill lepidopteran pests (some of which have developed pyrethroid resistance). This spares natural insect predators in the farm ecology and further contributes to noninsecticide pest management.. But Bt cotton is ineffective against many cotton pests, however, such as plant bugs, stink bugs, and aphids; ...
ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHORS REQUEST.] Stand establishment and early vigor are critical to the successful production of cotton. However, there is a lack of information on the genetics and the physiological mechanisms determining early vigor. Physiological and genetic aspects of resource allocation by cotton plants in the time period between emergence and first bloom need to be examined. As an initial step, early vigor among modern cultivars and advanced breeding lines were compared. In addition, the effect of seed source (parent plants grown in Arkansas or Arizona) on seedling vigor were compared. Various traits, including leaf area development and shoot dry weight, root dry weight (greenhouse only) were measured under field and greenhouse conditions. In two field seasons, seeds produced in AZ had greater shoot dry weight early in development than seeds produced in AR, which may have been caused by differences in seed weight. Advanced breeding lines, regardless of ...
M. Tang, Chen, Z., Grover, C. E., Wang, Y., Li, S., Liu, G., Ma, Z., Wendel, J. F., and Hua, J., "Rapid evolutionary divergence of Gossypium barbadense and G. hirsutum mitochondrial genomes", BMC Genomics, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 770, 2015. ...
had requested emergency use of pesticides that contain sulfoxaflor to help combat tarnished plant bug, an insect that destroys cotton and other plants, and is notoriously difficult to deal with.. Based on analysis of potential health risks, the EPA set the levels for sulfoxaflor residue on cotton seeds at 0.2 parts per million, on cotton gin byproducts at 6 parts per million and on cotton hulls at 0.35 parts per million. The agency also announced that the temporary conditions may not serve as a basis for other states to register sulfoxaflor for special local needs, and reiterated that the chemical could only be used with proper emergency exemptions ...
Stelly said his role in the AgriLife Research cotton breeding program is to infuse new genes and gene combinations into the genetics and breeding research arena, "so that we can utilize natural genetic resources to help meet the many challenges breeding programs face.". Transferring genes into a cultivated crop from a wild species "is like swimming upstream, one is fighting all sorts of biological and genetic barriers," he said. For years, he and his long-time research assistant, Dwaine Raska, have been transferring the alien genes by a special breeding process called "chromosome substitution." "Using chromosome substitution, we can target one pair of cultivated cotton chromosomes at a time, and replace it with the corresponding pair of chromosomes from a wild species chosen as the donor. On average, each substitution replaces about 2,000 cotton genes with donor genes," Stelly said.. Having already developed chromosome substitution lines for many chromosomes from three donor species, Stelly is ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for A0ZZ32 (PSBZ_GOSBA), Photosystem II reaction center protein Z. Gossypium barbadense (Sea-island cotton) (Egyptian cotton)
cotton exports News: Latest and Breaking News on cotton exports. Explore cotton exports profile at Times of India for photos, videos and latest news of cotton exports. Also find news, photos and videos on cotton exports
Erika Knight, designer and fashion line creator, launched her hand knit yarn label in 2012 aiming to support British manufacturing and skills as well as limiting environmental impact. This cotton is made from a sustainable eco-friendly cotton manufacturer in India. It is a soft cotton with a lovely sheen perfect for light weight summer garments. We have a selection of Erika Knight patterns which work wonderfully with this yarn and produce very attractive garments. * Needles: 3.75 - 4.00mm * Tension: 20-22 sts 28-31 rows * Meterage: 100m/50g * Composition: 100% Cotton * Washing Instructions: Hand wash only
At Babies Are Priceless, we offer baby and toddler products to people who have chosen a green, healthy and better future for the babies in their life. Babies are so priceless, they deserve to spend every day in a wholesome, natural surrounding. We have chosen our baby products carefully to give your baby that protection and life style under the organic umbrella of healthy and green living. Why is organic so important to us? Non-organic cotton fields account for nearly 75% of the toxic pesticides used in the world today. We understand that pests must be controlled to produce a good crop of cotton, but we do not have to support it or the type of chemicals they use. The pesticides in non-organic cotton can cause rashes, lung disorders, and so many more health problems for your baby. By switching to 100% certified organic cotton or bamboo, your baby will feel better and have a better chance at a healthy life. By not supporting pesticide-laden cotton fields, you can make a difference, and one day ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii) is most commonly associated with outbreaks on cotton in the Southeast. It has many generations per year and is often resistant to various classes of insecticides. It is also subject to heavy mortality via predation and parasitism (ladybugs and braconid wasps). Ants are commonly found associated with melon aphid but they are there to collect honeydew. It is also known as the melon aphid. Magnification: x16 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/3352
View the review history for Comparative genomic analysis of the PKS genes in five species and expression analysis in upland cotton
The Genetics Society of America (GSA), founded in 1931, is the professional membership organization for scientific researchers and educators in the field of genetics. Our members work to advance knowledge in the basic mechanisms of inheritance, from the molecular to the population level.. Online ISSN: 1943-2631. ...
Transgenic cotton plants that produce their own insecticide bolster local insect predator populations, which could serve as better long-term solutions to crop pests.
We hypothesized that if ROS-related processes were sensitive to modification by selection via their putative relationship to cell elongation [33, 34], then, and in contrast to the expectation for wild polyploids, domesticated varieties of the polyploid species would be expected to exhibit evidence of this at the gene expression level. Additionally, as noted above, two species of allopolyploid cotton, G. hirsutum and G. barbadense have been independently domesticated [32, 35], thus allowing two tests of this hypothesis.. To test this we used the microarray data to perform wild/domesticated contrasts in both species. These analyses revealed 777 and 498 genes that were up- and down-regulated, respectively, in cultivated G. hirsutum versus its wild counterpart, and 223 and 216 that were up-and down-regulated, respectively, in cultivated G. barbadense, relative to its wild accession (Figure 1). Assessment of biological processes corresponding to these differentially up-regulated genes showed ...
May, 7, 1924-Birth of the first male child, at Bangalore, 6-60 p.m. he was born in the seventh month.October, 11, 1920-Joined at Mesrs. Patel Volkarts, as Commission Agent, on a salary of Rs.70/-p.m. This firm was acquiring Cotton crop from the cotton field, and selling the ginned cotton bales, to the mills, in Mumbai and around the country.July, 18, 1921-**(26) His mother, died, at Davanagere city.March, 30, 1922- Wife attained age. She was 14 years old.June 16, 1922- Bed Ceremony was arranged for the young married couple.August, 2, 1923-He went to Gondavali, holy centre, where, Brahmachaitanya Swamiji was there.April, 1, 1924-Senior partner, Mr. Patel died. Services were dispensed. Salary was Rs.100/p.m-The management offered a special commission of Rs.4/ for every Cotton bale sold.May, 7, 1924-Birth of the first male child, at Bangalore, 6-60 p.m. he was born in the seventh month.October, 11, 1920-Joined at Mesrs. Patel Volkarts, as Commission Agent, on a salary of Rs.70/-p.m. This firm was ...
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Carson Bowers, Michael Toews, Yangxuan Liu, Jason M. SchmidtAbstractA shift to more ecologically based farming practices could improve the sustainability and economic stability of agricultural systems. Habitat management in and around agricultural fields can provide stable environments that aid in the prolifera...
Article Efficacy of antioxidant overproduction on fiber growth and maturation in cotton. Electron transport in plant cells inevitably results in the creation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can hinder metabolic processes and cause cellular dama...
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As soon as we receive your order, we will notify you if we do not have stock currently available. Once your order is complete and ready to send we will find the most economical and efficient way to send it to you, and email you a separate invoice for the freight. ...
Natural 100% fine gauge cotton yarn provides extreme durability and oral hygiene. Booda cotton is virtually straight from the cotton field. Dogs love the natural aroma and the pleasing natural friction of these cotton bones.
Selected and referenced by guide Sant Vet 2006 among the breedings of quality in France; To "choose and to buy his dog of race" (to create in collaboration with the French-speaking Society of Cynotechnie and the Union of the Professionals of the dog),. - Photos (4 pages, cover and poster) in the french magazine 30 Millions dAmis of October 2007.. - Writing of the technical card of the race for the website of Aline Aubl ; canine educator, specialist of the behavior and columnist for a broadcast on the animals for the TV channel France 3 : http://www.edu-canin.fr/races/coton-de-tulear.php - Our breeding has been classed Best breeding of Cotton of Tul ar of France for the year 2009 to the big price of the breeder Your dogs magazine patronized by the SCC and recognized by the club of breed CCCE.. - Short article in the magazine Revue Ciens 2000 January-February 2014.. Our breeding and affix accumulated possesses on this day 74 titles of championship (60 in our kennel name) on 19 different ...
The following list comprises agronomic characters of cotton which might be appropriate for inclusion in a data package. Analysis of these characters would support a decision that the engineered plant was unchanged from a near-isogenic control except for the desired change.. Growth Habit - Changes in the morphology or growth pattern of the plant would be assessed. Quantifiable morphological characters include, but may not be limited to the following: plant height (first node to the terminal bud), total numbers of nodes (numbers of main stem leaves), height of the plant divided by numbers of nodes, node number of the first fruiting branch, and total numbers of fruiting branches. Of proven usefulness in comparing cotton varieties has been the seasonal plant assessment tool, Final Plant Mapping (FPM). In addition to some of the previous measurements, and the yield data, the FPM includes numbers of fruiting branches, percent fruit retention by position on sympodial branches, and total numbers of ...
From this description came the legend of the "vegetable lamb plant" which was said to be a real sheep. The tree would grow from a melon like seed and grow into a lamb rooted to the earth by a stem from its navel. It was said to graze on the surrounding vegetation until the all greenery around it was devoured at which point it would wither and die. A 14th century traveler by the name of Sir John Mandeville, professed to eating the flesh of this herbal beast. Although scientist tried to debunk this tale it was not officially labeled as a fable until 1887 ...
A cette page, vous trouverez des photos des champions de la maison et de ceux de notre affixe. Nous cumulons ce jour 16 titres de champions sur 10 pays diff rents.. To this page, you will find photos of the champions of the house and those of our affix. We accumulate on this day 16 titles of champions on 10 different countries. ...
The decision to terminate insect controls in cotton can be challenging in some fields but a few basic considerations will assist in that decision. When evaluating a field a grower must first identify the last boll population which will significantly contribute to yield (bolls which you plan to harvest). In some situations the last population of bolls which you will harvest is easy to see (i.e. cotton which is loaded and cutout). In others, such as late planted cotton, the last population of bolls you will harvest will be determined by weather factors (the last bloom you expect to open and harvest based on heat unit accumulation). Once the last boll population is determined the boll development or approximate boll age should be estimated. Depending on the insect pest, bolls are relatively safe from attack at varying stages of boll development. The table below list approximate boll age in days which bolls should be protected for selected insect pests. Cooler temperatures will slow plant ...
A common problem in multienvironment trials are the missing genotype-environmental combinations. Recently, Bergamo proposed a distribution-free multiple imputation method in the interaction matrix. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the new development and compare it with methodologies that have success in the genotype-environmental trials with missing data, like the alternating least squares (ALS) and the robust estimates, using the Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction Models (AMMI). Was made an simulation study based in real data, doing missed random considering different percentages, imputing the observations and comparing the methodologies through three criteria: the square root of the mean predictive difference, the Procrustes statistic and the Spearmans rank correlation coeficient. Was concluded that the multiple imputation is not better than the imputation based in a additive model without interaction, and the best results for the variance are obtained with robust ...
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ISSUE-135 (link-canvas-spec): put back direct link to the W3C version of the canvas 2d context spec Per the decision policy, at this time the Chairs would like to solicit volunteers to write Change Proposals for ISSUE-135: http://www.w3.org/html/wg/tracker/issues/135 http://dev.w3.org/html5/decision-policy/decision-policy.html#escalation If no Change Proposals are written by January 19, 2011 this issue will be closed without prejudice. Issue status link: http://dev.w3.org/html5/status/issue-status.html#ISSUE-135 /paulc On behalf of the HTML WG Chairs Paul Cotton, Microsoft Canada 17 Eleanor Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K2E 6A3 Tel: (425) 705-9596 Fax: (425) 936-7329 ...
Cotton, seed-hair fiber of several species of plants of the genus Gossypium, belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family. Cotton, one of the worlds leading agricultural crops, is plentiful and economically produced, making cotton products relatively inexpensive.
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In the scope of our ongoing researchers on antioxidant compounds, twenty four extracts and fractions obtained from Piper arboreum Aublet and Piper tuberculatum Jacq. (Piperaceae) were screened for radical scavenging capacity (RSC) by using DPPH colorimetric assay. The strongest activity was found in ethyl acetate fractions from the leaves of P. arboreum (IC50 = 5.70 μg/mL) and P. tuberculatum (IC50 = 8.40 μg/mL). Hydromethanol fractions of the leaves of P. tuberculatum and P. arboreum showed moderate RSC, with values of IC50 (μg/mL) of 11.9 and 19.2, respectively. Additionally, a brief phytochemical study of the ethyl acetate fraction of P. arboreum leaves affording quercetin (1) and quercitrin (2), two flavonols with antioxidant activity previously described in the literature ...
A technique was developed to evaluate a large number of cotton lines in a minimum of time as oviposition sites for the boll weevil. Mississippi field weevils and the A & M laboratory strain were tested for a comparison of their response to various cotton lines. We concluded that: (1) Evaluating cotton lines with the laboratory strain of weevile would closely approximate the cotton varietal differences evident in evaluating with field weevils; (2) Boll weevil oviposition was an insect biological response which could be modified by the host plant genotype; and (3) Triple Halhnark Sea Island, Seaberry Sea Island, their F1 hybrid, Brown Egyptian, and Seaberry Sea Island ✕ Brown Egyptian were less preferred for oviposition by the boll weevil than Deltapine Smooth Leaf.. Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under View to the left.. Copyright © . . ...
Zucchiniyellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) is an important non- persistent virus causing high squashproduction losses in Egypt. Aphis gossypii Glover and Myzus persicaeSulazer insects have high efficiency of ZYMV transmission from infected squashplants to healthy ones in Egypt,in advance of their rapid spreading. ZYMV was isolated fromnaturally infected squash plants collected from two locations (Sennoris &Fayoum), at Fayoum governorate. Virus identification was done byserological tests (ELISA) using four different antiserums. Virus wastransmitted to healthy squash plants by mechanical transmission and by using thetwo aphid insects. Fecundity and life span of two aphids andforms (alate and apterous) were studied. ELISA test had relay that the viruswas ZYMV. Typical symptoms of virus were observed by mechanical and aphidinsects inoculation,yellowmosaic, necrosis, leaf curling, blisters stunting, deformation, reduction inleaf size and knobbed fruits (sever malformation).Fecundity and life span ofAphis gossypii
The common species of thrips infesting cotton seedlings include flower thrips, Frankliniella tritici (Fitch); tobacco thrips, Frankliniella fusca (Hinds); western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande); onion thrips, Thrips tabaci (Lindeman); and soybean thrips, Neohydatothrips variabilis (Beach). In surveys of cotton seedlings at several locations in Louisiana, tobacco thrips was the most common species. The occurrence of flower thrips and soybean thrips was variable. Western flower thrips accounted for < 15% of adults collected at all locations, except two. The performance of acephate and imidacloprid applied as seed treatments and in-furrow, and aldicarb applied in-furrow was evaluated for thrips management across different production environments. Insecticide treatments reduced thrips densities and delayed development of thrips larval populations. The at-planting insecticides influenced thrips species composition in some instances. In studies to evaluate the effects of ...
A chest flow versus airway flow two chamber plethysmograph was used to investigate the interruption of airflow in the breathing pattern of guinea-pigs exposed to a high concentration of cotton dust. Male guinea-pigs were exposed to cotton dust aerosols at 35mg/m3 for a 6 hour exposure period. Most commonly the interruption occurred near the end of expiration. As breathing rate increased, the onset
... , Wholesale Various High Quality Pumpkin Seed Oil Press Machine Products from Global Low price LD cotton seed oil refinery Suppliers and Pumpkin Seed Oil Press Machine Factory,Importer,Exporter Shandong Industrial Microwave Oven .Introduction of Pumpkin Seed Oil Press Machine. Pumpkin Seed Oil Press Machine can process different raw material ,soybean, peanut, sesame, sunflower seeds. Different raw material and different press type has different oil extraction rate. There is two methods to press the oil ,the first is cold press
We offer cotton seed oil refinery machine, crude oil refinery machine at the most competitive prices. cotton seed oil refinery machine, crude oil refinery machine is a Safflower Seed Oil Press Machine. cotton seed oil refinery machine, crude oil refinery machine is capable of pressing a wide range of oil seeds. Characterized by the high oil output, simple design and continuous operation, screw oil press enjoys large popularity.Safflower Seed Oil Press Machine: Home & Garden |Shandong Industrial Microwave Oven Oil Press Machine - Seed Oil Press Machine/Oil Press For Sunflower/Sesame/Almond hydraulic cold oil press, olive oil pressing, peanut oil press machine coconut oil press / peanut oil
Berries of Vaccinium spp. have long been an important source of food and pharmaceutical ingredients and are considered to have high antioxidant potential. Growing blueberries in Texas, United States is a substantial industry, but there is no report on their antioxidant capacity, total phenolics, and anthocyanins. This study evaluates antioxidant capacity and contents of total phenolics and anthocayanins in both fruits and leaves of 19 genotypes including five commercial cultivars and 11 selections of rabbiteye blueberry (V. ashei) and southern highbush (V. corymbosum hybrids), and three native species (V. darrowii, V. arboreum, and V. fuscatum) grown in Nacogdoches, Texas. Significant variations in antioxidant capacity (as measured by FRAP) and contents of total phenolics and anthocyanins in fruit were observed among different species, cultivars or selections with less variation observed among individual plants of the same genotype. Our data from rabbiteye blueberry selections and cultivars support the
Karpasasthyadi Tailam ingredients:. Karpasa asthi - cottton seed - Gossypium herbaceum - 768 g. Bala - Sida cordifolia - 768 g. Masha - Black gram - Phaseolus radiatus - 768 g. Kulattha - Dolichos biflorus - 76. Water for decoction - 12.288 ml, boiled and reduced to 3.072 liters.. 16 g of fine powder of. Devadaru - Cedrus deodara. Bala - Sida cordifolia. Rasna - Pluchea lanceolata. Kushta - Saussurea lappa. Sarshapa - Mustard - Brassica juncea. Nagara - Ginger - Zingiber officinalis. Shatahva - Asparagus racemosus. Pippalimoola - Piper longum (root). Chavya - Piper chaba. Shigru - Moringa oleifera. Punarnava - Boerhaavia diffusa. Taila - Sesame oil - Sesamum indicum - 768 ml. Ajaksheera - Goat milk - 768 ml. Reference: Sahasra Yoga.. ...

Gossypium - HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES: AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE Presented by
M di-TGossypium - HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES: AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE Presented by M di-T

Gossypium Herbaceum, L.. T. F. Allen:. Gossypium herbaceum, L. (include G. album, Ham., short staple, and G. nigrum, Ham., ... Gossypium Herbaceum, L.. Synonyms and common names:. Cotton Plant, Cotton Root Bark, Cotonnier, Gossypium Album (Ham.), Short ... Gossypium Herbaceum, L.. J. H. Clarke:. Cotton Plant. N. O. Malvace . Tincture of fresh inner root bark, chopped and pounded to ...
more infohttp://homeoint.org/illustr/g/goss.htm

Frontiers | Gbvdr6, a Gene Encoding a Receptor-Like Protein of Cotton (Gossypium barbadense), Confers Resistance to...Frontiers | Gbvdr6, a Gene Encoding a Receptor-Like Protein of Cotton (Gossypium barbadense), Confers Resistance to...

Gossypium hirsutum×Gossypium barbadense) based on RGA-AFLP analysis. Euphytica 194, 79-91. doi: 10.1007/s10681-013-0965-4 ... Gossypium hirsutum (also known as upland or Mexican cotton) is the most widely cultivated cotton species in the world and is ... Citation: Yang Y, Chen T, Ling X and Ma Z (2018) Gbvdr6, a Gene Encoding a Receptor-Like Protein of Cotton (Gossypium ... Gbvdr6, a Gene Encoding a Receptor-Like Protein of Cotton (Gossypium barbadense), Confers Resistance to Verticillium Wilt in ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2017.02272/full

The effect of the semigamy (Se) mutant on the early development of cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.)The effect of the semigamy (Se) mutant on the early development of cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.)

... ... Hodnett, George Leslie (2003). The effect of the semigamy (Se) mutant on the early development of cotton (Gossypium barbadense ...
more infohttp://oaktrust.library.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/5742

Leaf area relationships to plant vegetative characteristics in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown in a temperate sub-humid...Leaf area relationships to plant vegetative characteristics in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown in a temperate sub-humid...

The objective of this study was to develop regression models for estimating leaf area of field-grown cotton (Gossypium hirsutum ... The objective of this study was to develop regression models for estimating leaf area of field-grown cotton (Gossypium hirsutum ... "Leaf area relationships to plant vegetative characteristics in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown in a temperate sub-humid ... Leaf area relationships to plant vegetative characteristics in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown in a temperate sub-humid ...
more infohttp://ijpp.gau.ac.ir/article_526.html

Cochlospermum | plant genus | Britannica.comCochlospermum | plant genus | Britannica.com

... gossypium (India and Burma) produces a gum that can substitute for gum tragacanth. ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/plant/Cochlospermum

Cotton Root BarkCotton Root Bark

Gossypium hirsutum) Cotton root seems to be an effective abortifacient. Some research has been done on this herb here in the US ...
more infohttp://sisterzeus.com/cotton.htm

Patent US7709704 - Cotton variety 04T048 - Google PatentsPatent US7709704 - Cotton variety 04T048 - Google Patents

Zhang and Stewart, In: Cytoplasmic male sterility based on Gossypium sturtianum cytoplasm (CMS-C1): Characterization and ... The two cotton species commercially grown in the United States are Gossypium hirsutum, commonly known as short staple or upland ... Mishra et al., Development of a highly regenerable elite Acala cotton (Gossypium hirsutum cv. maxxa)-a step towards genotype- ... Mishra et al., Development of a highly regenerable elite Acala cotton (Gossypium hirsutum cv. maxxa)-a step towards genotype- ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US7709704?dq=%22melissa+white%22

Toward allotetraploid cotton genome assembly: i...Toward allotetraploid cotton genome assembly: i...

Of these, 14,243 ESTs and 188 BACs from different species of Gossypium were clustered and specifically anchored to the high- ... indicating a common evolutionary origin for orthologous and paralogous loci in Gossypium. Conclusion This study will serve as a ... and for further comparative genomic analyses in Gossypium. , Plant Genomics ... genome-wide sequence analysis was finished using 3,324 informative sequence-based markers and publicly-available Gossypium DNA ...
more infohttp://www.scoop.it/t/plant-genomics/p/2926083036/2012/10/09/toward-allotetraploid-cotton-genome-assembly-integration-of-a-high-density-molecular-genetic-linkage-map-with-dna-sequence-information

Chinese scientists crack the genome of diploid cottonChinese scientists crack the genome of diploid cotton

Gossypium raimondii. The cotton genome provides an invaluable ... ... Gossypium raimondii. The cotton genome provides an invaluable ...
more infohttps://phys.org/news/2012-08-chinese-scientists-genome-diploid-cotton.html

Comparative Analysis of Genetic Diversity among Bt Cotton Genotypes Using EST-SSR, ISSR and Morphological MarkersComparative Analysis of Genetic Diversity among Bt Cotton Genotypes Using EST-SSR, ISSR and Morphological Markers

Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Cultivars from China and Foreign Countries by RAPDs and ... EST-SSR Sequences Revealed the Relationship of D-Genome in Diploid and Tetraploid Species in Gossypium. Plant Sci., 176: 397- ... Studying the Extent of Genetic Diversity among Gossypium arboreum L. Genotypes/Cultivars Using DNA Fingerprinting. Genet. ... Assessing Genetic Diversity in Gossypium arboreum L. Cultivars Using Genomic and EST-derived Microsatellites. Genetica, 136: ...
more infohttp://jast.modares.ac.ir/article_14316.html

GossypolGossypol

The seeds of the Gossypium species vary widely in gossypol content, with levels ranging from 0.13% to 6.6%. ... Gossypol is a yellow pigment derived from cotton seeds (Gossypium genus, Malvaceae). ...
more infohttp://flipper.diff.org/app/items/info/2993

Unravel the key genes potentially related to high strength of cotton fiber by comparative phenotypic and genomic analyses |...Unravel the key genes potentially related to high strength of cotton fiber by comparative phenotypic and genomic analyses |...

Cotton researchers have tried to improve this trait in Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) genetic backgrounds. Molecular ... Gossypium hirsutum L.) line MD52ne.. Islam MS, Fang DD, Thyssen GN, Delhom CD, Liu Y, Kim HJ. BMC Plant Biol. 2016 Feb 1 ...
more infohttp://atlasofscience.org/unravel-the-key-genes-potentially-related-to-high-strength-of-cotton-fiber-by-comparative-phenotypic-and-genomic-analyses/

Gossypium | plant genus | Britannica.comGossypium | plant genus | Britannica.com

... of plants of the genus Gossypium, belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). ... of plants of the genus Gossypium, belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). ... Other articles where Gossypium is discussed: cotton: … ... Gossypium. plant genus. THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. Britannica ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/plant/Gossypium

Gossypium - WikipediaGossypium - Wikipedia

Subgenus Gossypium Gossypium arboreum L. - tree cotton (India and Pakistan) Gossypium herbaceum L. - Levant cotton (southern ... Consequently, the genus Gossypium has long attracted the attention of scientists. The origin of the genus Gossypium is dated to ... "Gossypium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-09-08. "GRIN Species Records of Gossypium". Germplasm ... ex Seem - Maʻo or Hawaiian cotton (Hawaii) Subgenus Sturtia Gossypium australe F.Muell (northwestern Australia) Gossypium ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gossypium

Gossypium sturtianum var. nandewarense - WikispeciesGossypium sturtianum var. nandewarense - Wikispecies

Genus: Gossypium Subgenus: G. subg. Sturtia Subsectio: G. sect. Sturtia Species: Gossypium sturtianum Varietas: Gossypium ... Gossypium sturtianum var. nandewarense (Derera) Fryxell, Bot. Gaz. 125: 108. 1964.. Synonyms[edit]. *Basionym *Gossypium ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gossypium_sturtianum_var._nandewarense&oldid=5959328" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Gossypium_nandewarense

Gossypium australe - WikipediaGossypium australe - Wikipedia

It is sometimes confused with Sturts Desert Rose Gossypium sturtianum. Paczkowska, Grazyna (1996-09-19). "Gossypium australe F ... Gossypium australe is an endemic woody shrub, related to cotton, found in north western Australia. Preferring sandy soils near ... Gossypium australe. F.Muell. (Native Cotton) Fragm. 1:46 (1858) Chippendale, Thelma M; Chippendale, George (1980) [1968]. ... ISBN 0-7016-0279-1. Gossypium, from the arabic for softness; australe, Australian ,. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gossypium_australe

In vitro gynogenesis in cotton ( Gossypium sp.) | SpringerLinkIn vitro gynogenesis in cotton ( Gossypium sp.) | SpringerLink

Gossypium barbadense × Gossypium hirsutum) with pollen from Hibiscus cannabinus. Aust J Agric Res 56:1101-1109. doi:10.1071/ ... QTL analysis of cotton fiber quality using multiple Gossypium hirsutum × Gossypium barbadense backcross generations. Crop Sci ... Kantartzi, S.K., Roupakias, D.G. In vitro gynogenesis in cotton (Gossypium sp.). Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 96, 53-57 (2009). ... Wise RR, Sassenrath-Cole GF, Percy R (2000) A comparison of leaf anatomy in field-grown Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense. ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11240-008-9459-9

Malate synthase, glyoxysomal - Gossypium hirsutum (Upland cotton)Malate synthase, glyoxysomal - Gossypium hirsutum (Upland cotton)

Gossypium arboreum (Tree cotton) (Gossypium nanking). Gossypium raimondii (New World cotton). Herrania umbratica. 567. UniRef90 ... Gossypium hirsutum (Upland cotton) (Gossypium mexicanum). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_ ... sp,P17432,MASY_GOSHI Malate synthase, glyoxysomal OS=Gossypium hirsutum OX=3635 PE=2 SV=1 ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P17432

SEINet Portal Network - GossypiumSEINet Portal Network - Gossypium

PLANT: Trees or (in ours) erect shrubs (rarely procumbent), stellate-pubescent or glabrate, more or less gland-dotted throughout. LEAVES: ovate and simple to (in ours) deeply palmately lobed, entire, usually with abaxial foliar nectary on main veins. FLOWERS: solitary or in sympodial inflorescences; involucel trimerous, the bracts foliaceous or reduced to straps or scales, often associated with trimerous nectaries; calyx gamosepalous and subtruncate or 5-toothed; corolla yellowish or rose, sometimes with a dark center; staminal column apically 5-dentate; style single, with 3-5 decurrent stigmatic lobes. FRUIT: capsular, usually glabrous, 3-5-loculate. SEEDS: densely lanate to subglabrous. NOTES: Fifty spp. from relatively arid tropical and subtropical parts of Africa and the Middle East, Australia, and N. and S. Amer. Several species are widely cultivated as the worlds cotton crop. (Latin Gossympinus = cotton tree). Fryxell, P. A. 1979. Natural History of the Cotton Tribe. College Station: ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxon=Gossypium

Intergenomic gene transfer in diploid and allopolyploid Gossypium | SpringerLinkIntergenomic gene transfer in diploid and allopolyploid Gossypium | SpringerLink

Within Gossypium, the number of numts in diploids is two to three times that found in tetraploids (33 in Gossypium raimondii ... Reference genome sequences of two cultivated allotetraploid cottons, Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense. Nat Genet. ... in Gossypium mitochondrial genomes are much conserved [29, 102, 103, 104]. For example, the mitochondrial genome of Gossypium ... Gossypium hirsutum contains an additional six shared diploid numt genes (nad4, sdh4, cob, cox1, atp1 and rps14) and one D5- ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs12870-019-2041-2

Aphis gossypii - Wikibooks, open books for an open worldAphis gossypii - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Aphis gossypii is a major pest of cotton and other crops, and a common pest of gardens. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Horticulture/Aphis_gossypii&oldid=1502187" ...
more infohttps://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Horticulture/Aphis_gossypii

IJMS | Free Full-Text | Evolution and Stress Responses of Gossypium hirsutum SWEET GenesIJMS | Free Full-Text | Evolution and Stress Responses of Gossypium hirsutum SWEET Genes

Moreover, chromosomal localization and an analysis of homologous genes in Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium raimondii, and G. ... These proteins have not been functionally characterized in the tetraploid cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, which is a widely ... Moreover, chromosomal localization and an analysis of homologous genes in Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium raimondii, and G. ... These proteins have not been functionally characterized in the tetraploid cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, which is a widely ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/19/3/769

Gossypium herbaceam extracts attenuate ibotenic acid-induced excitotoxicity in rat hippocampus.Gossypium herbaceam extracts attenuate ibotenic acid-induced excitotoxicity in rat hippocampus.

In the present study, the protective effects of Gossypium herbaceam extracts (GHE) on learning and memory impairment ... Gossypium / chemistry*. Hippocampus / drug effects, pathology, physiopathology*. Ibotenic Acid / toxicity. Injections, ... In the present study, the protective effects of Gossypium herbaceam extracts (GHE) on learning and memory impairment induced by ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Gossypium-herbaceam-extracts-attenuate-ibotenic/19221423.html
  • and C. gossypium (India and Burma) produces a gum that can substitute for gum tragacanth. (britannica.com)
  • We have shown that three of the five cyclins in A. gossypii are essential genes, indicating that there is minimal functional redundancy in this multinucleated system. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Previous work in A. gossypii, a filamentous fungus in which nuclei divide asynchronously in a common cytoplasm, demonstrated that one G1 and one B-type cyclin do not fluctuate in abundance across the division cycle. (environmental-expert.com)
  • We have undertaken a comprehensive analysis of all G1 and B-type cyclins in A. gossypii to determine whether any of the cyclins show periodic abundance across the cell cycle and to examine whether cyclins exhibit functional redundancy in such a cellular environment. (environmental-expert.com)