Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria primarily found in purulent venereal discharges. It is the causative agent of GONORRHEA.
Pathological processes involving the PHARYNX.
Bacterial diseases transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
A third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic that is stable to hydrolysis by beta-lactamases.
Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining penicillin G with PROCAINE.
A form of violent crowd behavior which expresses the emotional release of resentments and prejudices, usually relevant to grievances toward the social system.
Inflammation involving the URETHRA. Similar to CYSTITIS, clinical symptoms range from vague discomfort to painful urination (DYSURIA), urethral discharge, or both.
A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.
A compulsion to set fires.
The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.
Pathological developments in the RECTUM region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.
A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears.
An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces spectabilis. It is active against gram-negative bacteria and used for the treatment of gonorrhea.
Sexual activities of humans.
The prototypical uricosuric agent. It inhibits the renal excretion of organic anions and reduces tubular reabsorption of urate. Probenecid has also been used to treat patients with renal impairment, and, because it reduces the renal tubular excretion of other drugs, has been used as an adjunct to antibacterial therapy.
The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same SEX.
Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.
Infections in birds and mammals produced by various species of Trichomonas.
The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.
Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "San Francisco" is a city in the state of California, United States, and does not have a medical definition. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Pathological processes involving the URETHRA.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Colorado" is a place, specifically a state in the United States, and does not have a medical definition. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help with those!
A DNA amplification technique based upon the ligation of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES. The probes are designed to exactly match two adjacent sequences of a specific target DNA. The chain reaction is repeated in three steps in the presence of excess probe: (1) heat denaturation of double-stranded DNA, (2) annealing of probes to target DNA, and (3) joining of the probes by thermostable DNA ligase. After the reaction is repeated for 20-30 cycles the production of ligated probe is measured.
The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the opposite SEX.
Hospitals which provide care for the military personnel and usually for their dependents.
Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.
A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.
Pathological processes of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin.
Broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase. It has been proposed for infections with gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, GONORRHEA, and HAEMOPHILUS.
A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.
An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.
A genus of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE whose species cause a variety of diseases in vertebrates including humans, mice, and swine. Chlamydia species are gram-negative and produce glycogen. The type species is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
#### My apologies, but the term 'Washington' is not a medical concept or condition that has a defined meaning within the medical field. It refers to various concepts, primarily related to the U.S. state of Washington or the District of Columbia, where the nation's capital is located. If you have any questions about medical topics or conditions, please feel free to ask!
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A broad-spectrum antimicrobial carboxyfluoroquinoline.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Baltimore" doesn't have a specific medical definition as it is commonly associated with a city in Maryland, USA, or it could refer to various unrelated medical concepts which are not substantial or standard enough to be considered as a formal medical term.
Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
Pathological processes of the VAGINA.
Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
Contraceptive devices used by males.
A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.
Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.
Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.

Longitudinal evaluation of serovar-specific immunity to Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (1/1702)

The serovars of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that are predominant in a community change over time, a phenomenon that may be due to the development of immunity to repeat infection with the same serovar. This study evaluated the epidemiologic evidence for serovar-specific immunity to N. gonorrhoeae. During a 17-month period in 1992-1994, all clients of a sexually transmitted disease clinic in rural North Carolina underwent genital culture for N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal isolates were serotyped according to standard methods. Odds ratios for repeat infection with the same serovar versus any different serovar were calculated on the basis of the distribution of serovars in the community at the time of reinfection. Of 2,838 patients, 608 (21.4%; 427 males and 181 females) were found to be infected with N. gonorrhoeae at the initial visit. Ninety patients (14.8% of the 608) had a total of 112 repeat gonococcal infections. Repeat infection with the same serovar occurred slightly more often than would be expected based on the serovars prevalent in the community at the time of reinfection, though the result was marginally nonsignificant (odds ratio = 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.0-2.4; p = 0.05). Choosing partners within a sexual network may increase the likelihood of repeat exposure to the same serovar of N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal infection did not induce evident immunity to reinfection with the same serovar.  (+info)

Antimicrobial susceptibilities and plasmid contents of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from commercial sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh: emergence of high-level resistance to ciprofloxacin. (2/1702)

Commercial sex workers (CSWs) serve as the most important reservoir of sexually transmitted diseases (STD), including gonorrhea. Periodic monitoring of the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in a high-risk population provides essential clues regarding the rapidly changing pattern of antimicrobial susceptibilities. A study concerning the prevalence of gonococcal infection among CSWs was conducted in Bangladesh. The isolates were examined with regards to their antimicrobial susceptibility to, and the MICs of, penicillin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, and spectinomycin by disk diffusion and agar dilution methods. The total plasmid profile of the isolates was also analyzed. Of the 224 CSWs, 94 (42%) were culture positive for N. gonorrhoeae. There was a good correlation between the results of the disk diffusion and agar dilution methods. Some 66% of the isolates were resistant to penicillin, and 34% were moderately susceptible to penicillin. Among the resistant isolates, 23.4% were penicillinase-producing N. gonorrhoeae (PPNG). 60.6% of the isolates were resistant and 38.3% were moderately susceptible to tetracycline, 17.5% were tetracycline-resistant N. gonorrhoeae, 11.7% were resistant and 26.6% had reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, 2.1% were resistant and 11.7% had reduced susceptibility to cefuroxime, and 1% were resistant to ceftriaxone. All PPNG isolates contained a 3.2-MDa African type of plasmid, and a 24.2-MDa conjugative plasmid was present in 34.1% of the isolates. Since quinolones such as ciprofloxacin are recommended as the first line of therapy for gonorrhea, the emergence of significant resistance to ciprofloxacin will limit the usefulness of this drug for treatment of gonorrhea in Bangladesh.  (+info)

Human experimentation with Neisseria gonorrhoeae: progress and goals. (3/1702)

Infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae has adverse consequences for reproductive health and facilitates the transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus. A major limitation in the development of gonococcal vaccines has been the lack of an animal model. Urethral infection can be initiated in male volunteer subjects through urethral inoculation. Several hundred patients have participated in studies using this experimental infection model. These studies have helped define the natural history of experimental infection and provided a better understanding of phenotypic and genotypic variation of gonococci in vivo. Isogenic molecular mutants can be used to define a role for gonococcal surface structures, including pilin and transferrin-binding proteins; recent results demonstrate that gonococci unable to express transferrin- and lactoferrin-binding proteins cannot cause urethral infection. The experimental model has proven to be an efficient means of studying gonococcal infection and focusing vaccine development. In addition, this model should allow vaccines to be tested quickly and efficiently.  (+info)

Gonococcal urethral stricture and watering-can perineum. (4/1702)

A total of sixteen patients with urethral stricture and/or perineal urinary fistulae (water-can perineum) complicating gonorrhoea were seen at the Special Treatment Clinic, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. The patients were aged between 25 and 80 years, and the latent period between the time of original attack of gonococcal infection and the development of complications varied from 4 to 50 years. The rate of divorce or marital separation is high among these patients with late sequelae of gonorrhoea. The factors responsible for the present higher incidence of early and late complications of gonorrhoea among patients in Nigeria and other tropical countries compared with their counterparts in Europe and North American include: (a) Lack of medical facilities in most rural areas; (b) Inadequate treatment of veneral diseases, including the urban areas where self-medication is practised on a large scale by the general population; (c) Illiteracy and ignorance of venereal diseases. The cases of watering-can perineum reported here, and the subsequent chronic pyelonephritis and hypertension, reinforce the plea for early and energetic treatment of acute gonorrhoea in Africa as well as large-scale control measures by the health authorities.  (+info)

Gonorrhoea in patients with scabies. (5/1702)

242 patients with scabies were examined for gonorrhoea at the Municipal Hospital of Copenhagen over a one-year period. We found asymptomatic gonorrhoea in 2% of the male patients and 12%. of the female patients. The incidence of gonorrhoea in female patients with scabies is thus higher than in other routinely examined groups of patients (Andersen and Nielsen, 1974; Gregersen, 1972; Hansen and Lange, 1973; Nielsen, 1974; Starck, Bygdeman, Eriksson, Heinerz, and Moberg, )971). Our suggestion is that all patients with scabies, male as well as female, should be examined routinely for gonorrhoea.  (+info)

Isolation of Chlamydia trachomatis from women attending a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases. (6/1702)

Attempts were made to isolate Chlamydia trachomatis from the cervix of 300 women attending a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases in Leeds. The women were divided into four groups; (1) 130 were consorts of men suffering from non-specific urethritis; (2) 66 were suffering from gonorrhoea, or were consorts of men suffering from this disease; (3) 56 were suffering from other sexually transmitted diseases; (4) 48 had no evidence of STD. The overall isolation rate of Chlamydia trachomatis was 20%. Positive results were obtained in 30%. of Group 1, in 27-3%. of Group 2, in 3-6%. of Group 3, and in 2-1%. of Group 4. No pathogenic sign or symptom of Chlamydia trachomatis infection of the cervix was detected.  (+info)

Assessing the sensitivity of STD surveillance in the Netherlands: an application of the capture--recapture method. (7/1702)

The capture-recapture method was used to estimate the sensitivity of case finding in two national STD surveillance systems: (1) STD registration at municipal health services (STD-MHS); (2) statutory notification by clinicians (NNS). To identify those cases common to both surveillance systems, cases from 1995 were compared using individual identifiers. Estimated sensitivities for syphilis were: STD-MHS 31% (95% CI: 27-35%), NNS 64% (56-71%); and for gonorrhoea: STD-MHS 15% (14-18%), NNS 22% (19-25%). The combined sensitivity of both systems was 76% for syphilis and 34% for gonorrhoea. Differences in the sensitivity of the systems were significant. The NNS was more sensitive than the STD-MHS, and the identification of cases was significantly more sensitive for syphilis than for gonorrhoea. A stratified analysis showed comparable results for the two sexes. Knowledge on the sensitivity of surveillance systems is useful for public health decisions and essential for international comparisons.  (+info)

Bile salts: natural detergents for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. (8/1702)

The development of new, safe, topical microbicides for intravaginal use for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases is imperative. Previous studies have suggested that bile salts may inhibit human immunodeficiency virus infection; however, their activities against other sexually transmitted pathogens have not been reported. To further explore the potential role of bile salts in preventing sexually transmitted diseases, we examined the in vitro activities and cytotoxicities of select bile salts against Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus (types 1 and 2), Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and human immunodeficiency virus in comparison to those of nonoxynol-9 and benzalkonium chloride using both primary cells and cell lines derived from the human female genital tract. We found that taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfate and a combination of glycocholic acid and taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfate showed excellent activity against all of the pathogens assayed. Moreover, taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfate alone or in combination was less cytotoxic than nonoxynol-9 and benzalkonium chloride. Thus, taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfate alone or in combination warrants further evaluation as a candidate topical microbicidal agent.  (+info)

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as "gono" bacteria. It can infect various parts of the body including the genitals, rectum, and throat. The bacteria are typically transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person.

Symptoms may vary but often include abnormal discharge from the genitals or rectum, painful or burning sensations during urination, and in women, vaginal bleeding between periods. However, many people with gonorrhea do not develop symptoms, making it essential to get tested regularly if you are sexually active with multiple partners or have unprotected sex.

If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to severe complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women and epididymitis in men, which may result in infertility. In rare cases, it can spread to the bloodstream and cause life-threatening conditions like sepsis.

Gonorrhea is curable with appropriate antibiotic treatment; however, drug-resistant strains of the bacteria have emerged, making accurate diagnosis and effective treatment increasingly challenging. Prevention methods include using condoms during sexual activity and practicing safe sex habits.

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a species of gram-negative, aerobic diplococcus that is the etiologic agent of gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted infection. It is commonly found in the mucous membranes of the reproductive tract, including the cervix, urethra, and rectum, as well as the throat and eyes. The bacterium can cause a range of symptoms, including discharge, burning during urination, and, in women, abnormal menstrual bleeding. If left untreated, it can lead to more serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. It is important to note that N. gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to many antibiotics over time, making treatment more challenging. A culture or nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) is used for the diagnosis of this infection.

Pharyngeal diseases refer to conditions that affect the pharynx, which is the part of the throat that lies behind the nasal cavity and mouth, and above the esophagus and larynx. The pharynx plays a crucial role in swallowing, speaking, and breathing. Pharyngeal diseases can cause symptoms such as sore throat, difficulty swallowing, pain during swallowing, swollen lymph nodes, and earaches.

Some common pharyngeal diseases include:

1. Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx, often caused by a viral or bacterial infection.
2. Tonsillitis: Inflammation of the tonsils, which are two masses of lymphoid tissue located on either side of the back of the throat.
3. Epiglottitis: Inflammation of the epiglottis, a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe during swallowing to prevent food and liquids from entering the lungs.
4. Abscesses: A collection of pus in the pharynx caused by a bacterial infection.
5. Cancer: Malignant tumors that can develop in the pharynx, often caused by smoking or heavy alcohol use.
6. Dysphagia: Difficulty swallowing due to nerve damage, muscle weakness, or structural abnormalities in the pharynx.
7. Stridor: Noisy breathing caused by a narrowed or obstructed airway in the pharynx.

Treatment for pharyngeal diseases depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, pain relievers, surgery, or radiation therapy.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infections that can be passed from one person to another through sexual contact. When referring to bacterial STDs, these are infections caused by bacteria. Examples of bacterial STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). These infections can be treated with antibiotics, but if left untreated, they can cause serious health problems, such as infertility, organ damage, and even death. It is important to practice safe sex and get regular STD screenings to prevent and promptly treat bacterial STDs.

Chlamydia infections are caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and can affect multiple body sites, including the genitals, eyes, and respiratory system. The most common type of chlamydia infection is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that affects the genitals.

In women, chlamydia infections can cause symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge, burning during urination, and pain in the lower abdomen. In men, symptoms may include discharge from the penis, painful urination, and testicular pain or swelling. However, many people with chlamydia infections do not experience any symptoms at all.

If left untreated, chlamydia infections can lead to serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy. In men, chlamydia infections can cause epididymitis, an inflammation of the tube that carries sperm from the testicles, which can also lead to infertility.

Chlamydia infections are diagnosed through a variety of tests, including urine tests and swabs taken from the affected area. Once diagnosed, chlamydia infections can be treated with antibiotics such as azithromycin or doxycycline. It is important to note that treatment only clears the infection and does not repair any damage caused by the infection.

Prevention measures include practicing safe sex, getting regular STI screenings, and avoiding sharing towels or other personal items that may come into contact with infected bodily fluids.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), also known as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), are a group of diseases or infections that spread primarily through sexual contact, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. They can also be transmitted through non-sexual means such as mother-to-child transmission during childbirth or breastfeeding, or via shared needles.

STDs can cause a range of symptoms, from mild to severe, and some may not show any symptoms at all. Common STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV/AIDS, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), hepatitis B, and pubic lice.

If left untreated, some STDs can lead to serious health complications, such as infertility, organ damage, blindness, or even death. It is important to practice safe sex and get regular screenings for STDs if you are sexually active, especially if you have multiple partners or engage in high-risk behaviors.

Preventive measures include using barrier methods of protection, such as condoms, dental dams, and female condoms, getting vaccinated against HPV and hepatitis B, and limiting the number of sexual partners. If you suspect that you may have an STD, it is important to seek medical attention promptly for diagnosis and treatment.

Cefixime is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, which is used to treat various bacterial infections. It works by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Cefixime is available as an oral suspension or tablet and is commonly prescribed for respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, ear infections, and skin infections.

The medical definition of Cefixime can be stated as follows:

Cefixime: A semisynthetic antibiotic derived from cephalosporin, which is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. It has a broad spectrum of activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including beta-lactamase producing strains. Cefixime is administered orally and is often prescribed for respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, ear infections, and skin infections. It has a long half-life and high oral bioavailability, making it a convenient option for outpatient treatment.

Common side effects of Cefixime include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and headache. Serious side effects are rare but may include anaphylaxis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Caution should be exercised when prescribing Cefixime to patients with a history of allergic reactions to cephalosporins or penicillins.

Penicillin G Procaine is a formulation of penicillin G, an antibiotic derived from the Penicillium fungus, combined with procaine, a local anesthetic. This combination is often used for its extended-release properties and is administered intramuscularly. It is primarily used to treat moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of streptococci and staphylococci.

The procaine component helps to reduce the pain at the injection site, while penicillin G provides the antibacterial action. The extended-release formulation allows for less frequent dosing compared to immediate-release penicillin G. However, its use has become less common due to the development of other antibiotics and routes of administration.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "riots" are not a medical term. Riots refer to violent disturbances in which a group of people behave in a destructive and disorderly way, typically as a form of protest. The term is more commonly used in the context of law enforcement, criminal justice, and social sciences. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I'd be happy to help!

Urethritis is a medical condition that refers to the inflammation of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. Urethritis can be caused by various factors, including bacterial or viral infections, chemical irritants, or trauma to the urethra.

The most common cause of urethritis is a bacterial infection, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, which can be transmitted through sexual contact. Other symptoms of urethritis may include pain or burning during urination, discharge from the urethra, and frequent urination.

Urethritis is typically diagnosed through a physical examination and laboratory tests to identify the underlying cause of the inflammation. Treatment for urethritis depends on the cause but may include antibiotics or other medications to treat infections, as well as measures to relieve symptoms such as pain and discomfort.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It progresses in several stages if left untreated, with symptoms varying in each stage. The primary stage involves the appearance of a single, painless sore or multiple sores at the site where the bacteria entered the body, often on the genitals or around the mouth. During the secondary stage, individuals may experience rashes, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and other flu-like symptoms. In later stages, syphilis can lead to severe complications affecting the heart, brain, and other organs, known as tertiary syphilis. Neurosyphilis is a form of tertiary syphilis that affects the nervous system, causing various neurological problems. Congenital syphilis occurs when a pregnant woman with syphilis transmits the infection to her unborn child, which can result in serious birth defects and health issues for the infant. Early detection and appropriate antibiotic treatment can cure syphilis and prevent further complications.

Firesetting behavior is not a medical diagnosis itself, but it is a term used to describe the act of deliberately starting fires. It is often associated with certain mental health conditions, developmental disorders, or substance abuse problems. Firesetting behavior can range from minor incidents, such as lighting candles or matches, to more serious offenses, like arson.

Firesetting behavior can be a symptom of various psychiatric disorders, including conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder, and personality disorders. It can also be associated with substance abuse, cognitive impairments, and traumatic brain injuries. In some cases, firesetting behavior may indicate a cry for help or a maladaptive coping mechanism.

It is essential to assess the underlying causes of firesetting behavior to develop an appropriate treatment plan. This may involve individual therapy, family therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and/or medication management. In severe cases, hospitalization or residential treatment may be necessary. Additionally, fire safety education and community resources can help prevent future incidents.

In medical terms, "sex" refers to the biological characteristics that define males and females. These characteristics include chromosomes, hormone levels, reproductive/sexual anatomy, and secondary sexual traits. Generally, people are categorized as male or female based on their anatomical and genetic features, but there are also intersex individuals who may have physical or genetic features that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies. It is important to note that while sex is a biological concept, gender is a social construct that refers to the roles, behaviors, activities, and expectations that a society considers appropriate for men and women.

Rectal diseases refer to conditions that affect the structure or function of the rectum, which is the lower end of the large intestine, just above the anus. The rectum serves as a storage area for stool before it is eliminated from the body. Some common rectal diseases include:

1. Hemorrhoids: Swollen veins in the rectum or anus that can cause pain, itching, bleeding, and discomfort.
2. Rectal cancer: Abnormal growth of cells in the rectum that can invade and destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.
3. Anal fissures: Small tears in the lining of the anus that can cause pain, bleeding, and itching.
4. Rectal prolapse: A condition where the rectum slips outside the anus, causing discomfort, fecal incontinence, and other symptoms.
5. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): A group of chronic inflammatory conditions that affect the digestive tract, including the rectum, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
6. Rectal abscess: A collection of pus in the rectum caused by an infection, which can cause pain, swelling, and fever.
7. Fistula-in-ano: An abnormal connection between the rectum and the skin around the anus, which can cause drainage of pus or stool.
8. Rectal foreign bodies: Objects that are accidentally or intentionally inserted into the rectum and can cause injury, infection, or obstruction.

These are just a few examples of rectal diseases, and there are many other conditions that can affect the rectum. If you experience any symptoms related to the rectum, it is important to seek medical attention from a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. In males, it also serves as the conduit for semen during ejaculation. The male urethra is longer than the female urethra and is divided into sections: the prostatic, membranous, and spongy (or penile) urethra. The female urethra extends from the bladder to the external urethral orifice, which is located just above the vaginal opening.

Ceftriaxone is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, which is used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections. It works by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Ceftriaxone has a broad spectrum of activity and is effective against many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including some that are resistant to other antibiotics.

Ceftriaxone is available in injectable form and is commonly used to treat serious infections such as meningitis, pneumonia, and sepsis. It is also used to prevent infections after surgery or trauma. The drug is generally well-tolerated, but it can cause side effects such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and rash. In rare cases, it may cause serious side effects such as anaphylaxis, kidney damage, and seizures.

It's important to note that Ceftriaxone should be used only under the supervision of a healthcare professional, and that it is not recommended for use in individuals with a history of allergic reactions to cephalosporins or penicillins. Additionally, as with all antibiotics, it should be taken as directed and for the full duration of the prescribed course of treatment, even if symptoms improve before the treatment is finished.

Spectinomycin is an antibiotic that belongs to the aminoglycoside family. It works by binding to the 30S subunit of the bacterial ribosome, thereby inhibiting protein synthesis and leading to bacterial cell death. Spectinomycin is primarily used to treat infections caused by susceptible strains of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, including gonorrhea, penicillin-resistant streptococci, and some anaerobes. It is administered parenterally (usually intramuscularly) and has a relatively narrow spectrum of activity compared to other aminoglycosides. Spectinomycin is not commonly used in many countries due to the availability of alternative antibiotics with broader spectra and fewer side effects.

Sexual behavior refers to any physical or emotional interaction that has the potential to lead to sexual arousal and/or satisfaction. This can include a wide range of activities, such as kissing, touching, fondling, oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex, and masturbation. It can also involve the use of sexual aids, such as vibrators or pornography.

Sexual behavior is influenced by a variety of factors, including biological, psychological, social, and cultural influences. It is an important aspect of human development and relationships, and it is essential to healthy sexual functioning and satisfaction. However, sexual behavior can also be associated with risks, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancies, and it is important for individuals to engage in safe and responsible sexual practices.

It's important to note that sexual behavior can vary widely among individuals and cultures, and what may be considered normal or acceptable in one culture or context may not be in another. It's also important to recognize that all individuals have the right to make informed decisions about their own sexual behavior and to have their sexual rights and autonomy respected.

Probenecid is a medication that is primarily used to treat gout and hyperuricemia (high levels of uric acid in the blood). It works by decreasing the production of uric acid in the body and increasing its excretion through the kidneys.

In medical terms, probenecid is a uricosuric agent, which means it increases the urinary excretion of urate, the salt form of uric acid. It does this by inhibiting the reabsorption of urate in the proximal tubules of the kidneys, thereby promoting its elimination in the urine.

Probenecid is also used in conjunction with certain antibiotics, such as penicillin and cephalosporins, to increase their concentration in the body by reducing their excretion by the kidneys. This is known as probenecid-antibiotic interaction.

It's important to note that probenecid should be used under the supervision of a healthcare provider, and its use may be contraindicated in certain medical conditions or in combination with specific medications.

Medical definitions are often avoided in favor of more objective language when discussing personal characteristics or identities, such as sexual orientation. This is because sexual orientation is not considered a medical condition or disorder, but rather a natural part of human diversity. The American Psychological Association defines sexual orientation as "an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectional attraction to another person." It can be distinguished into different categories, including heterosexuality (attraction to individuals of the other gender), bisexuality (attraction to individuals of either gender), and homosexuality (attraction to individuals of the same gender).

It's important to note that a person's sexual orientation is not considered a choice or something that can be changed through willpower or therapy. It is a deeply ingrained aspect of a person's identity, and it is protected under laws and regulations in many countries as a fundamental human right.

'Chlamydia trachomatis' is a species of bacterium that is the causative agent of several infectious diseases in humans. It is an obligate intracellular pathogen, meaning it can only survive and reproduce inside host cells. The bacteria are transmitted through sexual contact, and can cause a range of genital tract infections, including urethritis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and epididymitis. In women, chlamydial infection can also lead to serious complications such as ectopic pregnancy and infertility.

In addition to genital infections, 'Chlamydia trachomatis' is also responsible for two other diseases: trachoma and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). Trachoma is a leading cause of preventable blindness worldwide, affecting mostly children in developing countries. It is spread through contact with contaminated hands, clothing, or eye secretions. LGV is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause inflammation of the lymph nodes, rectum, and genitals.

'Chlamydia trachomatis' infections are often asymptomatic, making them difficult to diagnose and treat. However, they can be detected through laboratory tests such as nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) or culture. Treatment typically involves antibiotics such as azithromycin or doxycycline. Prevention measures include safe sex practices, regular screening for STIs, and good hygiene.

Trichomonas infection, also known as trichomoniasis, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It primarily affects the urogenital tract and is more common in women than men. The symptoms in women can include vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell, itching, redness, and pain during sexual intercourse or urination. Many men with trichomoniasis do not develop any symptoms, although some may experience discomfort, burning after urination, or a slight discharge from the penis. If left untreated, trichomoniasis can increase the risk of acquiring or transmitting other sexually transmitted infections, such as HIV. Diagnosis is usually made through microscopic examination of a sample of vaginal or urethral discharge, and treatment typically involves prescription antibiotics like metronidazole or tinidazole.

Prostitution is not typically defined in medical terms, but it is a social and legal issue. However, in the context of public health, prostitution might be defined as the act or practice of engaging in sexual activity for payment, which can carry significant risks to physical and mental health, including exposure to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), violence, and psychological trauma.

Prostitution is often associated with marginalization, poverty, and social inequality, and it can be a complex issue that involves questions of personal autonomy, consent, and human rights. It's important to note that the legal and cultural approaches to prostitution vary widely around the world, ranging from criminalization to decriminalization and legalization.

Trichomonas vaginitis is a type of vaginal infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is transmitted through sexual contact and primarily affects the urogenital tract. The infection can cause various symptoms in women, such as vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell, itching, redness, and pain during urination or sex. However, up to 50% of infected individuals may be asymptomatic. In men, it often does not cause any symptoms but can lead to urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). Diagnosis is usually made through microscopic examination of vaginal secretions or a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT). Treatment typically involves prescription antibiotics like metronidazole or tinidazole, targeting both sexual partners to prevent reinfection.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "San Francisco" is not a medical term. It is a city in the state of California, USA. If you have any questions about medical terms or conditions, I would be happy to help answer those!

Medical definitions are often provided by authoritative medical bodies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) or the American Psychiatric Association (APA). It's important to note that these organizations have evolved their understanding and classification of homosexuality over time.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), produced by the APA, sexual orientation is not considered a mental disorder. The manual does not provide a definition or classification for 'homosexuality, male' as a medical condition.

The current understanding in the medical community is that homosexuality is a normal and natural variation of human sexual orientation. It is not considered a disorder or an illness. The World Health Organization (WHO) removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders in 1990.

Urethral diseases refer to a range of conditions that affect the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. These diseases can cause various symptoms such as pain or discomfort during urination, difficulty in urinating, blood in urine, and abnormal discharge. Some common urethral diseases include urethritis (inflammation of the urethra), urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra due to scar tissue or inflammation), and urethral cancer. The causes of urethral diseases can vary, including infections, injuries, congenital abnormalities, and certain medical conditions. Proper diagnosis and treatment are essential for managing urethral diseases and preventing complications.

I believe you are looking for a medical condition or term related to the state of Colorado, but there is no specific medical definition for "Colorado." However, Colorado is known for its high altitude and lower oxygen levels, which can sometimes affect visitors who are not acclimated to the elevation. This can result in symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and headaches, a condition sometimes referred to as "altitude sickness" or "mountain sickness." But again, this is not a medical definition for Colorado itself.

Ligase Chain Reaction (LCR) is a highly specific and sensitive method used in molecular biology for the detection of point mutations or small deletions or insertions in DNA. It is an enzymatic reaction-based technique that relies on the repeated ligation of adjacent oligonucleotide probes to form a continuous strand, followed by thermal denaturation and reannealing of the strands.

The LCR process involves the use of a thermostable ligase enzyme, which catalyzes the formation of a phosphodiester bond between two adjacent oligonucleotide probes that are hybridized to complementary sequences in the target DNA. The oligonucleotides are designed to have a gap at the site of the mutation or deletion/insertion, such that ligation can only occur if the probe sequences match perfectly with the target DNA.

After each round of ligation and denaturation, the reaction mixture is subjected to PCR amplification using primers flanking the region of interest. The amplified products are then analyzed for the presence or absence of ligated probes, indicating the presence or absence of the mutation or deletion/insertion in the target DNA.

LCR has been widely used in diagnostic and research applications, including the detection of genetic diseases, infectious agents, and cancer-associated mutations. However, it has largely been replaced by other more sensitive and high-throughput methods such as real-time PCR and next-generation sequencing.

Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation where an individual is primarily attracted to, or forms romantic or sexual relationships with, people of the opposite sex or gender. This term is often used in contrast to homosexuality (attraction to the same sex) and bisexuality (attraction to both sexes). It's important to note that all sexual orientations are normal and healthy expressions of human sexuality.

"Military hospitals" are healthcare facilities that are operated by the military or armed forces of a country. They provide medical care and treatment for active duty military personnel, veterans, and at times, their families. These hospitals can be located within military bases or installations, or they may be deployed in field settings during military operations or humanitarian missions. Military hospitals are staffed with healthcare professionals who have received additional training in military medicine and are responsible for providing a range of medical services, including emergency care, surgery, rehabilitation, and mental health services. They also often conduct research in military medicine and trauma care.

"Intramuscular injections" refer to a medical procedure where a medication or vaccine is administered directly into the muscle tissue. This is typically done using a hypodermic needle and syringe, and the injection is usually given into one of the large muscles in the body, such as the deltoid (shoulder), vastus lateralis (thigh), or ventrogluteal (buttock) muscles.

Intramuscular injections are used for a variety of reasons, including to deliver medications that need to be absorbed slowly over time, to bypass stomach acid and improve absorption, or to ensure that the medication reaches the bloodstream quickly and directly. Common examples of medications delivered via intramuscular injection include certain vaccines, antibiotics, and pain relievers.

It is important to follow proper technique when administering intramuscular injections to minimize pain and reduce the risk of complications such as infection or injury to surrounding tissues. Proper site selection, needle length and gauge, and injection technique are all critical factors in ensuring a safe and effective intramuscular injection.

Cephalosporins are a class of antibiotics that are derived from the fungus Acremonium, originally isolated from seawater and cow dung. They have a similar chemical structure to penicillin and share a common four-membered beta-lactam ring in their molecular structure.

Cephalosporins work by inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial cell walls, which ultimately leads to bacterial death. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, meaning they are effective against a wide range of bacteria, including both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms.

There are several generations of cephalosporins, each with different spectra of activity and pharmacokinetic properties. The first generation cephalosporins have a narrow spectrum of activity and are primarily used to treat infections caused by susceptible Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Second-generation cephalosporins have an expanded spectrum of activity that includes some Gram-negative organisms, such as Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae. Third-generation cephalosporins have even broader spectra of activity and are effective against many resistant Gram-negative bacteria, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Fourth-generation cephalosporins have activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, including some that are resistant to other antibiotics. They are often reserved for the treatment of serious infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria.

Cephalosporins are generally well tolerated, but like penicillin, they can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. Cross-reactivity between cephalosporins and penicillin is estimated to occur in 5-10% of patients with a history of penicillin allergy. Other potential adverse effects include gastrointestinal symptoms (such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea), neurotoxicity, and nephrotoxicity.

Uterine cervical diseases refer to conditions that affect the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. These diseases can range from minor abnormalities to more serious conditions, such as:

1. Cervical dysplasia: This is a precancerous condition characterized by the presence of abnormal cells on the cervix. It is usually caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and can be detected through a Pap test.
2. Cervical cancer: This is a malignant tumor that develops in the cervical tissue. The most common type of cervical cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, which arises from the cells lining the surface of the cervix.
3. Cervicitis: This is an inflammation of the cervix, which can be caused by infections, irritants, or allergies. Symptoms may include vaginal discharge, pain, and bleeding.
4. Cervical polyps: These are benign growths that develop on the cervix. They are usually small and asymptomatic but can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge.
5. Cervical incompetence: This is a condition where the cervix begins to open prematurely during pregnancy, leading to a risk of miscarriage or preterm labor.

It's important to note that regular screening and early detection can help prevent or manage many cervical diseases, including cervical cancer.

Microbial sensitivity tests, also known as antibiotic susceptibility tests (ASTs) or bacterial susceptibility tests, are laboratory procedures used to determine the effectiveness of various antimicrobial agents against specific microorganisms isolated from a patient's infection. These tests help healthcare providers identify which antibiotics will be most effective in treating an infection and which ones should be avoided due to resistance. The results of these tests can guide appropriate antibiotic therapy, minimize the potential for antibiotic resistance, improve clinical outcomes, and reduce unnecessary side effects or toxicity from ineffective antimicrobials.

There are several methods for performing microbial sensitivity tests, including:

1. Disk diffusion method (Kirby-Bauer test): A standardized paper disk containing a predetermined amount of an antibiotic is placed on an agar plate that has been inoculated with the isolated microorganism. After incubation, the zone of inhibition around the disk is measured to determine the susceptibility or resistance of the organism to that particular antibiotic.
2. Broth dilution method: A series of tubes or wells containing decreasing concentrations of an antimicrobial agent are inoculated with a standardized microbial suspension. After incubation, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is determined by observing the lowest concentration of the antibiotic that prevents visible growth of the organism.
3. Automated systems: These use sophisticated technology to perform both disk diffusion and broth dilution methods automatically, providing rapid and accurate results for a wide range of microorganisms and antimicrobial agents.

The interpretation of microbial sensitivity test results should be done cautiously, considering factors such as the site of infection, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the antibiotic, potential toxicity, and local resistance patterns. Regular monitoring of susceptibility patterns and ongoing antimicrobial stewardship programs are essential to ensure optimal use of these tests and to minimize the development of antibiotic resistance.

Cefotaxime is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, which is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. It works by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Cefotaxime has a broad spectrum of activity and is effective against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including some that are resistant to other antibiotics.

Cefotaxime is often used to treat serious infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. It may also be used to prevent infections during surgery or in people with weakened immune systems. The drug is administered intravenously or intramuscularly, and its dosage depends on the type and severity of the infection being treated.

Like all antibiotics, cefotaxime can cause side effects, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and rash. In rare cases, it may cause serious allergic reactions or damage to the kidneys or liver. It is important to follow the prescribing physician's instructions carefully when taking this medication.

Cefuroxime is a type of antibiotic known as a cephalosporin, which is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. It works by interfering with the bacteria's ability to form a cell wall, which is necessary for its survival. Without a functional cell wall, the bacteria are unable to grow and multiply, and are eventually destroyed by the body's immune system.

Cefuroxime is effective against many different types of bacteria, including both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms. It is often used to treat respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, and bone and joint infections.

Like all antibiotics, cefuroxime should be used only under the direction of a healthcare provider, and it is important to take the full course of treatment as prescribed, even if symptoms improve before the medication is finished. Misuse of antibiotics can lead to the development of drug-resistant bacteria, which are more difficult to treat and can pose a serious threat to public health.

Trichomonas vaginalis is a species of protozoan parasite that causes the sexually transmitted infection known as trichomoniasis. It primarily infects the urogenital tract, with women being more frequently affected than men. The parasite exists as a motile, pear-shaped trophozoite, measuring about 10-20 micrometers in size.

T. vaginalis infection can lead to various symptoms, including vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, itching, and irritation in women, while men may experience urethral discharge or discomfort during urination. However, up to 50% of infected individuals might not develop any noticeable symptoms, making the infection challenging to recognize and treat without medical testing.

Diagnosis typically involves microscopic examination of vaginal secretions or urine samples, although nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are becoming more common due to their higher sensitivity and specificity. Treatment usually consists of oral metronidazole or tinidazole, which are antibiotics that target the parasite's ability to reproduce. It is essential to treat both partners simultaneously to prevent reinfection and ensure successful eradication of the parasite.

In medical or clinical terms, 'shame' is not typically defined as it is a psychological concept and a basic human emotion. Shame is the painful feeling or experience of believing that you are flawed and therefore unworthy of acceptance and belonging. It's often triggered by a perception of failing to meet certain standards or expectations, or by feeling exposed and vulnerable.

In a clinical context, shame may be discussed in relation to mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, and personality disorders. For example, individuals with borderline personality disorder may experience intense feelings of shame, which can contribute to their difficulties with regulating emotions and maintaining stable relationships.

It's important to note that while shame is a universal emotion, excessive or chronic shame can be harmful to one's mental health and well-being. In such cases, seeking help from a mental health professional may be beneficial.

Anti-bacterial agents, also known as antibiotics, are a type of medication used to treat infections caused by bacteria. These agents work by either killing the bacteria or inhibiting their growth and reproduction. There are several different classes of anti-bacterial agents, including penicillins, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, and tetracyclines, among others. Each class of antibiotic has a specific mechanism of action and is used to treat certain types of bacterial infections. It's important to note that anti-bacterial agents are not effective against viral infections, such as the common cold or flu. Misuse and overuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance, which is a significant global health concern.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

Contact tracing is a key public health strategy used to control the spread of infectious diseases. It involves identifying and monitoring individuals (contacts) who have come into close contact with an infected person (case), to prevent further transmission of the disease. The process typically includes:

1. Case identification: Identifying and confirming cases of infection through diagnostic testing.
2. Contact identification: Finding people who may have been in close contact with the infected case during their infectious period, which is the time when they can transmit the infection to others. Close contacts are usually defined as individuals who have had face-to-face contact with a confirmed case within a certain distance (often 6 feet or closer) and/or shared confined spaces for prolonged periods (usually more than 15 minutes).
3. Contact listing: Recording the identified contacts' information, including their names, addresses, phone numbers, and potentially other demographic data.
4. Risk assessment: Evaluating the level of risk associated with each contact based on factors such as the type of exposure, duration of contact, and the infectiousness of the case.
5. Notification: Informing contacts about their potential exposure to the infection and providing them with necessary health information, education, and guidance. This may include recommendations for self-quarantine, symptom monitoring, testing, and vaccination if available.
6. Follow-up: Monitoring and supporting contacts during their quarantine or isolation period, which typically lasts 14 days from the last exposure to the case. Public health professionals will check in with contacts regularly to assess their symptoms, provide additional guidance, and ensure they are adhering to the recommended infection prevention measures.
7. Data management: Documenting and reporting contact tracing activities for public health surveillance, evaluation, and future planning purposes.

Contact tracing is a critical component of infectious disease control and has been used effectively in managing various outbreaks, including tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and more recently, COVID-19.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

The cervix uteri, often simply referred to as the cervix, is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that connects to the vagina. It has an opening called the external os through which menstrual blood exits the uterus and sperm enters during sexual intercourse. During childbirth, the cervix dilates or opens to allow for the passage of the baby through the birth canal.

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection caused by the species Chlamydia trachomatis. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide. The bacteria can infect the genital tract, urinary tract, eyes, and rectum. In women, it can also infect the reproductive organs and cause serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy.

Chlamydia is often asymptomatic, especially in women, which makes it easy to spread unknowingly. When symptoms do occur, they may include abnormal vaginal or penile discharge, burning sensation during urination, pain during sexual intercourse, and painful testicular swelling in men. Chlamydia can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including urine tests and swab samples from the infected site.

The infection is easily treated with antibiotics, but if left untreated, it can lead to serious health complications. It's important to get tested regularly for STIs, especially if you are sexually active with multiple partners or have unprotected sex. Prevention methods include using condoms during sexual activity and practicing good personal hygiene.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Washington" is not a medical term. It is a place name, referring to the U.S. state of Washington or the city of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those for you!

Anti-infective agents are a class of medications that are used to treat infections caused by various microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These agents work by either killing the microorganism or inhibiting its growth, thereby helping to control the infection and alleviate symptoms.

There are several types of anti-infective agents, including:

1. Antibiotics: These are medications that are used to treat bacterial infections. They work by either killing bacteria (bactericidal) or inhibiting their growth (bacteriostatic).
2. Antivirals: These are medications that are used to treat viral infections. They work by interfering with the replication of the virus, preventing it from spreading and causing further damage.
3. Antifungals: These are medications that are used to treat fungal infections. They work by disrupting the cell membrane of the fungus, killing it or inhibiting its growth.
4. Antiparasitics: These are medications that are used to treat parasitic infections. They work by either killing the parasite or inhibiting its growth and reproduction.

It is important to note that anti-infective agents are not effective against all types of infections, and it is essential to use them appropriately to avoid the development of drug-resistant strains of microorganisms.

Sentinel surveillance is a type of public health surveillance that is used to monitor the occurrence and spread of specific diseases or health events in a defined population. It is called "sentinel" because it relies on a network of carefully selected healthcare providers, hospitals, or laboratories to report cases of the disease or event of interest.

The main goal of sentinel surveillance is to provide timely and accurate information about the incidence and trends of a particular health problem in order to inform public health action. This type of surveillance is often used when it is not feasible or practical to monitor an entire population, such as in the case of rare diseases or emerging infectious diseases.

Sentinel surveillance systems typically require well-defined criteria for case identification and reporting, as well as standardized data collection and analysis methods. They may also involve active monitoring and follow-up of cases to better understand the epidemiology of the disease or event. Overall, sentinel surveillance is an important tool for detecting and responding to public health threats in a timely and effective manner.

Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is used to treat various types of bacterial infections, including respiratory, urinary, and skin infections. It works by inhibiting the bacterial DNA gyrase, which is an enzyme necessary for bacterial replication and transcription. This leads to bacterial cell death. Ciprofloxacin is available in oral and injectable forms and is usually prescribed to be taken twice a day. Common side effects include nausea, diarrhea, and headache. It may also cause serious adverse reactions such as tendinitis, tendon rupture, peripheral neuropathy, and central nervous system effects. It is important to note that ciprofloxacin should not be used in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to fluoroquinolones and should be used with caution in patients with a history of seizures, brain injury, or other neurological conditions.

A condom is a thin sheath that covers the penis during sexual intercourse. It is made of materials such as latex, polyurethane, or lambskin and is used as a barrier method to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Condoms work by collecting semen when the man ejaculates, preventing it from entering the woman's body. They come in various sizes, shapes, textures, and flavors to suit individual preferences. It is important to use condoms correctly and consistently to maximize their effectiveness.

I'm not aware of any medical definition for the term "Baltimore." The term Baltimore is most commonly associated with a city in the state of Maryland, USA. It may also refer to various other unrelated things, such as a type of hound or a surname. If you could provide more context, I might be able to give a more helpful response.

Nonoxynol is a surfactant, or surface-active agent, that has been used in various medical and consumer products. It is a type of chemical compound known as a polyoxyethylene alkyl ether, which means it contains a hydrophilic (water-attracting) ethylene oxide group and a hydrophobic (water-repelling) alkyl group.

In the medical field, Nonoxynol has been used as a spermicide in various forms of birth control, such as creams, gels, films, and sponges. It works by disrupting the membrane of sperm cells, preventing them from fertilizing an egg. However, its use as a spermicide has declined due to concerns about its potential to cause irritation and inflammation in the genital area, which may increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV transmission.

It's important to note that Nonoxynol is not currently recommended for use as a spermicide or microbicide due to its potential health risks. Always consult with a healthcare professional before using any medical product.

In medical terminology, "sexual partners" refers to individuals who engage in sexual activity with each other. This can include various forms of sexual contact, such as vaginal, anal, or oral sex. The term is often used in the context of discussing sexual health and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It's important to note that full disclosure of sexual partners to healthcare providers can help in diagnosing and treating STIs, as well as in understanding an individual's sexual health history.

Medical mass screening, also known as population screening, is a public health service that aims to identify and detect asymptomatic individuals in a given population who have or are at risk of a specific disease. The goal is to provide early treatment, reduce morbidity and mortality, and prevent the spread of diseases within the community.

A mass screening program typically involves offering a simple, quick, and non-invasive test to a large number of people in a defined population, regardless of their risk factors or symptoms. Those who test positive are then referred for further diagnostic tests and appropriate medical interventions. Examples of mass screening programs include mammography for breast cancer detection, PSA (prostate-specific antigen) testing for prostate cancer, and fecal occult blood testing for colorectal cancer.

It is important to note that mass screening programs should be evidence-based, cost-effective, and ethically sound, with clear benefits outweighing potential harms. They should also consider factors such as the prevalence of the disease in the population, the accuracy and reliability of the screening test, and the availability and effectiveness of treatment options.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the reproductive organs in women, specifically the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. It is often caused by an infection that ascends from the cervix or vagina into the upper genital tract. The infectious agents are usually sexually transmitted bacteria such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis, but other organisms can also be responsible.

Symptoms of PID may include lower abdominal pain, irregular menstrual bleeding, vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, fever, painful sexual intercourse, or pain in the lower back. However, some women with PID may not experience any symptoms at all. If left untreated, PID can lead to serious complications such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.

Diagnosis of PID is typically based on a combination of clinical findings, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Treatment usually involves antibiotics to eradicate the infection and may also include pain management and other supportive measures. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary for more intensive treatment or if complications arise.

Vaginal diseases refer to various medical conditions that affect the vagina, which is the female reproductive organ that extends from the cervix (the lower part of the uterus) to the external part of the genitalia (vulva). These diseases can cause a range of symptoms, including discharge, itching, burning, pain, and discomfort. Some common vaginal diseases include:

1. Vaginitis: It is an inflammation or infection of the vagina that can cause abnormal discharge, itching, and irritation. The most common causes of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, and trichomoniasis.
2. Vulvovaginitis: It is an inflammation or infection of both the vagina and vulva that can cause redness, swelling, itching, and pain. The causes of vulvovaginitis are similar to those of vaginitis and include bacterial infections, yeast infections, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
3. Vaginal dryness: It is a common condition that affects many women, especially after menopause. It can cause discomfort during sexual intercourse and lead to other symptoms such as itching and burning.
4. Vaginal cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that develop in the vagina due to various reasons, including inflammation, injury, or congenital abnormalities.
5. Vaginal cancer: It is a rare type of cancer that affects the vagina. The most common symptoms include abnormal vaginal bleeding, discharge, and pain during sexual intercourse.
6. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Several STIs, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and human papillomavirus (HPV), can affect the vagina and cause various symptoms, including discharge, pain, and sores.

It is essential to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of vaginal diseases to receive proper diagnosis and treatment.

Ophthalmia Neonatorum is a medical term that refers to a conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva) occurring in the first 28 days of life, often presenting with purulent discharge and redness of the eye. It can be caused by various microorganisms, including bacteria such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, or bacterial flora from the mother's birth canal or hospital environment. Immediate treatment is necessary to prevent potential blindness and other complications. Prophylaxis with erythromycin ointment is often recommended for all newborns.

Contraceptive devices for males are designed to prevent pregnancy by blocking, killing, or inhibiting the movement of sperm. These devices include:

1. Condoms: Thin sheaths made of latex, polyurethane, or polyisoprene that fit over the penis during sexual intercourse to collect semen and prevent it from entering the partner's body. They also provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
2. Diaphragms: Soft, dome-shaped rubber devices fitted to cover the cervix inside the vagina. When used with spermicides, they can help prevent pregnancy by blocking the entry of sperm into the uterus.
3. Cervical Cap: A smaller, thimble-like cup made of silicone or latex that fits over the cervix to block sperm from entering the uterus. It is often used with spermicides for added effectiveness.
4. Spermicides: Chemicals that kill or immobilize sperm. They come in various forms, such as foams, creams, gels, films, and suppositories, and can be used alone or in combination with other barrier methods like condoms, diaphragms, or cervical caps.
5. Vasectomy: A surgical procedure for male sterilization that involves cutting and sealing the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the prostate gland. This prevents sperm from mixing with semen during ejaculation. Although vasectomies are considered permanent, in some cases, they can be reversed through surgery or other medical procedures.

It is important to note that while these contraceptive devices can significantly reduce the risk of pregnancy, they may not provide complete protection against STIs. Using multiple methods, like condoms and spermicides together, can increase overall effectiveness in preventing both pregnancy and STIs. Always consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice on contraceptive options.

Space-time clustering is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, it is a concept that is used in epidemiology, which is the study of how often diseases occur and what factors may be associated with their occurrence. Space-time clustering refers to the phenomenon where cases of a disease or other health event tend to cluster together in both space and time. This means that the cases are not evenly distributed across a geographic area, but instead are concentrated in certain locations and at certain points in time.

Space-time clustering can be an important tool for identifying potential causes of diseases or other health events. For example, if cases of a particular disease tend to cluster around certain environmental exposures, such as polluted air or water, this may suggest that these exposures are contributing to the development of the disease. Similarly, if cases of a disease tend to cluster in both space and time, this may suggest that there is a common cause, such as an outbreak of a contagious illness.

It's important to note that not all observed clustering is necessarily meaningful or indicative of a causal relationship. It's possible for clusters to occur by chance alone, especially in cases where the number of cases is small. Therefore, statistical methods are often used to determine whether a cluster is statistically significant, taking into account factors such as the number of cases, the size of the population at risk, and the expected distribution of cases based on chance.

In medical terms, "private practice" refers to the provision of healthcare services by a licensed and trained medical professional (such as a doctor, nurse practitioner, or dentist) who operates independently and is not employed by a hospital, clinic, or other health care institution. In private practice, these professionals offer their medical expertise and treatments directly to patients on a fee-for-service basis or through insurance billing. They are responsible for managing their own schedules, appointments, staff, and finances while maintaining compliance with relevant laws, regulations, and professional standards.

Private practices can vary in size and structure, ranging from solo practitioners working alone to larger group practices with multiple healthcare providers sharing resources and expertise. The primary advantage of private practice is the autonomy it provides for medical professionals to make decisions regarding patient care, treatment options, and business management without interference from external entities.

Epidemiologic factors are elements that contribute to the occurrence, distribution, and determinants of a health-related event or disease in a specific population. These factors can include demographic characteristics (such as age, sex, race/ethnicity), genetic predisposition, environmental exposures, behavioral risks, and societal structures. By identifying and analyzing epidemiologic factors, public health professionals can develop strategies to prevent or control diseases and health conditions within a population.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gonorrhea. Gonorrhea at Curlie "Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet" (CS1 maint: location missing ... If untreated, gonorrhea can spread to joints or heart valves. Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact with an infected ... Gonorrhoea or gonorrhea, colloquially known as the clap, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium ... For this reason, gonorrhea and chlamydia testing are often combined. People diagnosed with gonorrhea infection have a fivefold ...
"Gonorrhea" is a promotional single by American rapper Lil Wayne featuring Young Money signee Drake, from his eighth studio ... "American single certifications - Lil Wayne - Gonorrhea". Recording Industry Association of America. February 7, 2012. Retrieved ...
Beta-lactams like penicillin were widely used to treat gonorrhea in the 1940s. There are three general mechanisms that may ... Third-generation cephalosporins have been used to treat gonorrhoea since 2007, but resistant strains have emerged. As of 2010, ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium that causes the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea, has developed antibiotic ... Pleininge, Sonja (April 2022). "Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Neisseria gonorrhoeae causing possible gonorrhoea treatment ...
"Gonorrhoea infection in Scotland - Gonorrhoea infection in Scotland - Publications". Public Health Scotland. Retrieved 2023-07- ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Epidemiology of gonorrhea. "Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet (Detailed Version)". U.S. Centers ... In Nordic countries, gonorrhoea affects mainly young people below the age of 30. Infections are more common in men than in ... As of 2018, gonorrhoea was the second most commonly reported STI in Canada. Its incidence rate has been rising since 1997. ...
"Risk of acquiring gonorrhea and prevalence of abnormal adnexal findings among women recently exposed to gonorrhea". JAMA. 250 ( ... Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear two to five days after contact with an infected partner however, some men might not notice ... Gonorrhea is caused by bacterium that lives on moist mucous membranes in the urethra, vagina, rectum, mouth, throat, and eyes. ... MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Gonorrhea "STD Facts - Syphilis". cdc.gov. Archived from the original on 11 February 2013. Retrieved ...
"Gonorrhea". Health and Human Services. 17 August 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public ... "Final Evidence Review: Gonorrhea: Screening - US Preventive Services Task Force". www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org. " ... monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and has negative STI test lowers the chance of acquiring gonorrhea. ...
Connelly, D.D.S., Thomas P. (2012-01-23). "Oral Gonorrhea? Yes, You Can Get Gonorrhea of the Mouth and Throat". The Huffington ... French kissing is an unlikely mode of transmission of infection by gonorrhea. As of 2019[update], bonobos are the only non- ...
"Is Gonorrhea Contagious?". RightDiagnosis.com. Henning, Kelly J.; Bell, Eleanor; Braun, James; Barker, Nancy D. (1995). "A ... If the recipient's ano-rectal area is infected with a sexually transmitted disease like gonorrhea, however, there is an added ...
"STD Facts - Gonorrhea". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 11 December 2017. Archived from the original on 16 December ... and gonorrhea that very often presents no symptoms but can result in discharge. Viral infections include human papillomavirus ...
Trude gives Monk gonorrhea. "Adrian" was Elizabeth's name for Monk. Terrence Storrs and Isabel are characters in Elizabeth's ...
Common causes include infections due to gonorrhea, chlamydia, or trichomoniasis. In gonorrhea the discharge may be white, ... ISBN 978-0-323-59454-7. "Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet". cdc.gov. Retrieved 6 December 2014. Kahan, Scott; Miller, Redonda; Smith ... Common causes include infections due to gonorrhea, chlamydia, or trichomoniasis. Other causes include: Non-specific urethritis ...
"Gonorrhea" (feat. Drake) 07. "Right Above It" (feat. Drake) 01. "I'm the Best" 11. "Dear Old Nicki" 14. "Super Bass" (Deluxe ...
Rectal gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The condition is usually asymptomatic, but symptoms can include rectal ... "Gonorrhoea". Patient.info. Urrejola, G; Villalón, R; Rodríguez, N (February 2010). "[Perianal tuberculosis: report of two cases ... rectal gonorrhea, chlamydia), anal carcinoma, AIDS, rectal foreign body, bowel obstruction, rectocele, enterocele, ulcerative ...
In 2019, there were 616,392 reported cases of gonorrhea in the United States, with an overall increased rate 5.7% from 2018 to ... This condition is more common in women, affecting approximately 2.3-3% of women with gonorrhea and 0.4-0.7% of men. This ... This condition occurs in 0.5-3% of individuals with gonorrhea, and it usually presents 2-3 weeks after acquiring the infection ... ISBN 978-1-4160-2999-1.[page needed] Hill, Stuart A.; Masters, Thao L.; Wachter, Jenny (2016). "Gonorrhea - an evolving disease ...
... and the bark for gonorrhea. They use the boughs to make beds, the bark to make a beverage, and the wood for kindling and fuel. ...
Gonorrhea and Impotency: Modern Treatment. The Solar press. p. 96. Heat lamp. Williams, Dawn (2017-11-02). "Where Should I ...
... gonorrhea? They all have unseemly ties over there." Milonov was interviewed in the 2014 documentary film Campaign of Hate: ...
ISBN 978-0-443-10209-7. "Gonorrhea Laboratory Information: Moraxella catarrhalis". Center for Disease Control and Prevention. ...
"SF Examiner, Drug Resistant Gonorrhea". 9 June 2014. "LA Times, Virulent Chlamydia Detected Largely Among Gay Men". Los Angeles ... gonorrhea, herpes, giardia and other intestinal parasites, hepatitis A and B, Epstein-Barr virus, chlamydia, and ...
... gonorrhea may be involved. Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and examination. In women over the age of 40, a tissue ...
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Niesseria gonorrhea which can lead to testicular pain and ... Gonorrhea also infects the female reproductive system around the cervix and uterus, and can grow in the mouth, throat, eyes and ... 2]Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet. [3]Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet. Restrepo, B.; Cardona-Maya, W. (October 2013). "Antisperm ... It can be effectively treated with antibiotics, however, if untreated, gonorrhea can cause infertility in men. Chlamydia is ...
Dissertatio de Gonorrhea Virulenta, 1767. A Treatise on Sol-Lunar Influence in Fevers, vol. i. Calcutta, 1784 ; 2nd ed. London ... He was awarded his MD degree by the University of Edinburgh in 1767; his thesis was titled De Gonorrhea virulenta. He entered ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the Gonococcus, and Gonorrhea. Archived 2013-01-19 at the Wayback Machine Lectures in Microbiology. 2009 ...
These results [provided} a proof of principle that can inform prospective vaccine development not only for gonorrhoea but also ... Reinberg, Steven (10 July 2017). "New Hope in Search for Vaccine Against Gonorrhea". Health Day. Archived from the original on ... Introducing the study, that authors noted that previously there had been no effective vaccine developed for gonorrhoea, but ... 10 July 2017). "Effectiveness of a group B outer membrane vesicle meningococcal vaccine against gonorrhoea in New Zealand: a ...
Gale Biography in Context Branch, Geraldine (1965). "Study of Gonorrhea in Infants & Children". Public Health Reports. 80 (4): ... "Study of Gonorrhea in Infants & Children" and "Study of Use of Neighborhood Aides in Control of a Diphtheria Outbreak" Branch, ...
Gonorrhea is the nearest rural locality. Карта Мелеузовского района Башкортостана "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. ...
Balows, Albert; Printz, D. W. (1972). "CDC Program for Diagnosis of Gonorrhea". JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical ...
treatise of gonorrhea of the bladder, (here, Wertheim demonstrated gonococcus in acute cystitis). Die Technik der vaginalen ... treatise on gonorrhea of the uterus. Über Blasen-Gonorrhöe, Zeitschrift für Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie, Stuttgart, 1895, 35: ... He conducted important research of gonorrhea in the female genital tract, and was the first physician to demonstrate the ... Ascending gonorrhea in women. Bacteriological and clinical studies on the biology of "gonococcus Neisser". Ueber Uterus- ...
Maxmen, Amy (7 July 2017). "Untreatable Gonorrhea on the Rise Worldwide". Nature magazine. Retrieved 26 April 2020. "C V OF ...
"American single certifications - Lil Wayne - Gonorrhea". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 3, 2012. " ...
Gonorrhea - STD Information from CDC. Facts, Statistics, Treatment, and Other Resources. ... The emergence of cephalosporin-resistant gonorrhea would significantly complicate the ability of providers to treat gonorrhea ... Gonorrhea has progressively developed resistance to the antibiotic drugs prescribed to treat it. Following the spread of ... Suspected Gonorrhea Treatment Failure Consultation Form. Healthcare providers and health departments can report suspected ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gonorrhea. Gonorrhea at Curlie "Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet" (CS1 maint: location missing ... If untreated, gonorrhea can spread to joints or heart valves. Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact with an infected ... Gonorrhoea or gonorrhea, colloquially known as the clap, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium ... For this reason, gonorrhea and chlamydia testing are often combined. People diagnosed with gonorrhea infection have a fivefold ...
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. Men and women can get it. It doesnt always cause symptoms. Read about testing, ... Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. It is most common in young adults. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect ... Gonorrhea does not always cause symptoms. In men, gonorrhea can cause pain when urinating and discharge from the penis. If ... Your health care provider will diagnose gonorrhea with lab tests. Treatment is with antibiotics. Treating gonorrhea is becoming ...
Multidrug-resistant gonorrhea is increasing in the United States, according to a recent CDC report. ... Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium. Most cases are asymptomatic, and ... Multidrug-resistant gonorrhea is increasing in the United States, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has ... Treat gonorrhea at any anatomic site with a single intramuscular injection of 250 mg ceftriaxone plus either 1 g azithromycin ...
Many people with gonorrhea have no symptoms. They can spread the infection to others without knowing it. ... What Causes Gonorrhea?. A type of bacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, causes gonorrhea.. How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed?. To find out ... Can Gonorrhea Be Prevented?. The only way to prevent gonorrhea and other STDs is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). If ... How Is Gonorrhea Treated?. Health care providers treat gonorrhea with an antibiotic. It is given as a shot in the doctors ...
Gonorrhea is a purulent infection of the mucous membrane surfaces caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. N gonorrhoeae is spread by ... Although race has no intrinsic effect on susceptibility to gonorrhea, the frequency of gonorrhea in the United States is ... Discuss safe sexual practices with all individuals in whom gonorrhea is suspected. Proper education to prevent gonorrhea may be ... encoded search term (Gonorrhea) and Gonorrhea What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Treat gonorrhea (urethritis, cervicitis, and extra-genital gonorrhea) with: ceftriaxone 500 mg IM once (for persons weighing , ... Screen for gonorrhea using nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs): *Screening should be performed at all anatomic sites of ... Report immediately (within 24 hours) to the health department any suspected cases of gonorrhea treatment failure (i.e., someone ... Conduct a test of cure for all cases of pharyngeal gonorrhea 7-14 days after initial treatment by using either culture or NAAT. ...
As public health officials worry about the emergence of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, researchers are tracing how antibiotics ... How gonorrhea develops resistance to antibiotics. Date:. August 23, 2019. Source:. Medical University of South Carolina. ... "How gonorrhea develops resistance to antibiotics." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com. /. releases. /. 2019. /. 08. /. ... "An important thing for people to know is you can have gonorrhea and not have symptoms, so you cant rely upon the absence of ...
Number of Reported Gonorrhea Cases by Sex. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email Print ... Number of Reported Gonorrhea Cases by Sex. ...
... gonorrhea, genital warts, syphilis, etc. at the Glendora Health Center. Trusted health care for nearly 100 years by Planned ... We can test for gonorrhea and chlamydia using a urine sample or a vaginal/rectal/throat swab. If this test shows an infection, ...
... gonorrhea, genital warts, syphilis, etc. at the Family First Health Center. Trusted health care for nearly 100 years by Planned ... We can test for gonorrhea and chlamydia. If this test shows an infection, then we will provide you with treatment and explain ... For testing involving urine samples, including chlamydia and gonorrhea, do not urinate or engage in sexual intercourse for one ...
What is the possibility of this being oral gonorrhea or another STDs. ...
Our STD panel provides testing for diseases such as herpes, hepatitis b and c, syphilis, Chlamydia, HIV and Gonorrhea. ... Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease originating from a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhea. This bacterium thrives and ... Like many STDs, gonorrhea does not always produce signs and symptoms which can be troublesome for detecting and treating this ... When caught early, gonorrhea is typically easy to cure with antibiotics, though more and more antibiotic resistant strains are ...
TheWashingtonNote.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Contact us: sinisavuk[at]opptrends.com. ...
Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) versus the gonococcus: How CDC scientists are using WGS to beat antibiotic resistant gonorrhea. ...
Men who have gonorrhea that is left untreated can result in a serious complication: Epididymitis (an infection of the testicles ... and surrounding area that can lead to infertility) For men, symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 1-10 days after exposure. ... If you have questions or think you may have Gonorrhea, stop having sex and come to the DC Health and Wellness Center for a FREE ... Men who have gonorrhea that is left untreated can result in a serious complication: Epididymitis (an infection of the testicles ...
... and a leading expert in drug development on actions needed to combat resistant gonorrhea. ...
The rising gonorrhea rates among men can be explained partly by rapidly increasing rates of gonorrhea in the MSM population ... Gonorrhea - CDC fact sheet (detailed version). Atlanta (GA): CDC; 2016 Oct. https://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea ... Gonorrhea 2010-2015. Download this article as a PDF Published by: The Public Health Agency of Canada Issue: Volume 44-2: ... Gonorrhea rates seem to be rising at a faster rate in older than in younger cohorts. This may be because ageing comes with ...
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a bacterium (Neisseria gonorrhoeae). In men, this bacterium can ... What are the symptoms of gonorrhoea?. Not everyone infected with gonorrhoea will develop symptoms. Men with gonorrhoea are most ... How common is gonorrhoea?. Gonorrhoea is more common in men who have sex with men (MSM) than in heterosexual men and women. It ... Gonorrhoea is a highly contagious STI and is transmitted more easily than even chlamydia. To prevent the spread of gonorrhoea, ...
Learn more about the STDs Chlamydia and Gonorrhea and find out how to identify the symptoms. Also get more information on how ... Gonorrhea. The second most common STD is Gonorrhea. Like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea is treatable, but it can cause permanent damage ... Chlamydia And Gonorrhea. The most commonly diagnosed STDs in the world today are Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. Fortunately, both of ... Also learn what to do if you are pregnant and have Gonorrhea and discover how Gonorrhea can affect your pregnancy and your ...
Antibiotic Resistant Strains of Gonorrhea That Resists Cipro, Zithromax, Spreading: WHO. July 10, 2017 By: Martha Garcia ... WHO warns that gonorrhea is developing resistances to numerous antibiotics, making it more difficult to treat worldwide. ...
The selection of appropriate therapy for gonorrhea (i.e., safe, highly effective, single dose, and affordable) is complicated ... Gonorrhea, the second most commonly reported notifiable disease, is an important cause of cervicitis, urethritis, and pelvic ... Update on the management of gonorrhea in adults in the United States Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Apr 1;44 Suppl 3:S84-101. doi: ... Gonorrhea, the second most commonly reported notifiable disease, is an important cause of cervicitis, urethritis, and pelvic ...
The sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea is now among the superbugs resistant to common antibiotics, leading U.S. health ... Gonorrhea, which is believed to infect more than 700,000 people in the United States each year, can leave both men and women ... "Gonorrhea has now joined the list of other superbugs for which treatment options have become dangerously few," said Dr. Henry ... Gonorrheas spread is preventable through consistent and proper use of condoms, experts said. In women, the infection can cause ...
Such a situation can fuel emergence of resistance in gonorrhea including gonorrhea superbug (super gonorrhoea) or gonorrhoea ... Super Gonorrhea is spreading like wildfire thanks to COVID-19. By Mike Wehner ... The worst part is that the number of people reporting a new gonorrhea infection is growing year-over-year, to the tune of about ... In the case of gonorrhea, the bacterium that causes the infection has, over time, adapted to common first-line treatments. In ...
Gonorrhea. Content. What Is Gonorrhea? Gonorrhea (pronounced: gah-nuh-REE-uh) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae, causes gonorrhea.. How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed?. To find out if someone has gonorrhea, health care ... Can Gonorrhea Be Prevented?. The only way to prevent gonorrhea and other STDs is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). If ... How Is Gonorrhea Treated?. Health care providers treat gonorrhea with antibiotics. . Two antibiotics are needed because the ...
... gonorrhea prevention, gonorrhea symptoms, gonorrhea treatment, sexually transmitted disease, std ... Tag Archives: gonorrhea treatment. The Terrifying NEW Growing STD!. July 15, 2014 - Health & Fitness, Mens Health, Sex and ...
Similar words for Gonorrhea. Definition: noun. [ˌgɑːnɝˈiːə] a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria ... 1. gonorrhea noun. [ˌgɑːnɝˈiːə] a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful ... Gonococcal arthritis is a form of joint inflammation that is caused by a bacterial infection due to contracting gonorrhea. 2. ... If there are gonorrhea or chlamydia-specific antibodies, the test is positive. ...
The history of gonorrhea is long and dates back many decades and even centuries. Gonorrhea and ocular inflammation research ... In fact, gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that can be passed through vaginal sex, oral sex, and anal sex. This STD ... History Of Gonorrhea. A Brief History of Gonorrhea The history of gonorrhea is long and dates back many decades and even ... This was the first truly successful cure for gonorrhea and was successful until the 1970s. In the 1970s, gonorrhea became ...
  • Gonorrhoea or gonorrhea, colloquially known as the clap, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (wikipedia.org)
  • A type of bacteria , Neisseria gonorrhoeae, causes gonorrhea. (kidshealth.org)
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae , the bacterium causing gonorrhea, has progressively developed resistance to the antibiotics prescribed to treat it. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2010, after some strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae , the bacterium responsible for gonorrhea, began showing resistance to one of the last remaining classes of antibiotics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began recommending "dual therapy," meaning that doctors now prescribe two drugs at the same time to fight gonorrhea. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease originating from a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhea. (kwikmed.com)
  • Gonorrhea, caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae , is the second most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Canada, after chlamydia. (canada.ca)
  • The selection of appropriate therapy for gonorrhea (i.e., safe, highly effective, single dose, and affordable) is complicated by the ability of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to develop resistance to antimicrobial therapies. (nih.gov)
  • Gonorrhea (colloquially known as the clap) is a common human sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (doctors.am)
  • A 3D illustration of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium responsible for the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea. (pharmaceutical-technology.com)
  • If left untreated, gonorrhea can spread from the original site of infection and infect and damage the joints, skin, and other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, gonorrhea is the second most frequently reported notifiable infection, with more than 300,000 reported cases in 2011. (medscape.com)
  • Gonorrhea spreads through sex (vaginal, oral, or anal) with someone who has the infection. (kidshealth.org)
  • A sore throat may also be an indicator of a gonorrhea throat infection. (kwikmed.com)
  • Women who have gonorrhea often have no symptoms of the infection. (dc.gov)
  • If you are treated for gonorrhea, notify your sex partners to avoid re-infection. (dc.gov)
  • Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Canada after chlamydia, and rates for this STI have been increasing since 1997. (canada.ca)
  • Research is needed to better understand the current trends in gonorrhea infection in order to maintain, evaluate and improve primary and secondary STI prevention activities. (canada.ca)
  • Untreated gonorrhea may lead to reactive arthritis, disseminated gonococcal infection and infertility in both sexes (although infertility is rare for men) Footnote 2 . (canada.ca)
  • The objective of this article is to summarize observed trends in reported gonorrhea infection rates across Canada in the period 2010-2015. (canada.ca)
  • Because of unique behav- for gonorrhea in MSM compared with heterosexuals, inde- ioral characteristics, asymptomatic sites of infection, mainly the pharynx, are principal drivers of gonorrhea prevalence pendent of the number of sexual partners. (cdc.gov)
  • In the case of gonorrhea, the bacterium that causes the infection has, over time, adapted to common first-line treatments. (bgr.com)
  • Gonococcal arthritis is a form of joint inflammation that is caused by a bacterial infection due to contracting gonorrhea . (synonym.com)
  • Also, one may be tested for Chlamydia, another sexually transmitted infection that often occurs together with gonorrhoea. (apollohospitals.com)
  • If a person gets a resistant strain of gonorrhea today, it doesn't necessarily mean that they won't ever clear the infection. (time.com)
  • Rarely, gonorrhea may cause skin lesions and joint infection (pain and swelling in the joints) after traveling through the blood stream (see below). (doctors.am)
  • Yes - Gonorrhoea, particularly in Gay and Bisexual men, is on the verge of exploding as an infection at the minute. (rainbow-project.org)
  • Screening people at highest risk and quickly starting treatment after diagnosis are key to preventing negative health outcomes from untreated gonorrhea and reducing the risk of untreatable infection. (health.gov)
  • A test designed by UCLA researchers can pinpoint which people with gonorrhea will respond successfully to the inexpensive oral antibiotic ciprofloxacin, which had previously been sidelined over concerns the bacterium that causes the infection was becoming resistant to it. (uclahealth.org)
  • Gonorrhoea is an infection causing discharge from your urethra or vagina. (sense.info)
  • FOX NEWS - The medical community is sounding the alarm after a man in the U.K. has become the first patient with a type of gonorrhea infection that is not responding to the antibiotics commonly used to cure it. (fox9.com)
  • In a statement, Gwenda Hughes, MD, consultant scientist and head of the Sexually Transmitted Infection Section at PHE, said in a news release: "First line treatment for gonorrhea is a combination of two antibiotics ( azithromycin and ceftriaxone ). (medscape.com)
  • PHE actively monitors, and acts on, the spread of antibiotic resistance in gonorrhea and potential treatment failures, and has introduced enhanced surveillance to identify and manage resistant strains of infection promptly to help reduce further spread. (medscape.com)
  • Through CDC's AR Lab Network, the Maryland and Washington State Public Health Labs offer nationwide gradient strip method antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST)-at no cost-to assist in care of patients with potentially drug-resistant gonorrhea infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Gonorrhea infections of mucosal membranes can cause swelling, itching, pain, and the formation of pus. (wikipedia.org)
  • In advanced cases, gonorrhea may cause a general feeling of tiredness similar to other infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • In rare cases, the gonorrhoea bacterium can enter the bloodstream - in both men and women - and cause infections elsewhere in the body, leading to arthritis, septicaemia or meningitis. (rivm.nl)
  • The leading cause of gonorrhoea infections is unsafe sex. (rivm.nl)
  • Since mid-2022, there has been an increase in gonorrhoea infections among young adults. (rivm.nl)
  • therefore, Prevention has recommended reducing the prevalence of most sexual acts between heterosexuals in which gonorrhea gonorrhea as a key strategy to mitigate against antimicrio- transmission occurs will lead to symptomatic infections bial resistance ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Almost at substantially higher risk for gonorrhea than older MSM all urethral infections were symptomatic (96%), but most ( 3 , 12 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The reason for this preponderance of gonorrhea in pharyngeal and rectal infections were asymptomatic. (cdc.gov)
  • Overuse of antibiotics in the community can fuel the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in gonorrhoea," a WHO spokesperson told The Sun. "Azithromycin - a common antibiotic for treating respiratory infections - was used for Covid-19 treatment earlier in the epidemic. (bgr.com)
  • Cefixime is an antibiotic that was previously used to treat gonorrhea, but doctors largely stopped using it due to high levels of resistance and its inability to clear infections. (time.com)
  • To deal with gonorrhea infections, health experts in the United States currently recommend a combined therapy of the antibiotics ceftriaxone (and injection) azithromycin (taken orally). (time.com)
  • The fact that most gonorrhea infections respond to treatment in the U.S. doesn't mean the infection's growing resistance is not raising serious concerns. (time.com)
  • In 2016, there were 470,000 new cases of gonorrhea among Americans, though that is likely an underestimate - the CDC estimates that about less than half of gonorrhea infections in the U.S. are detected and reported the agency. (time.com)
  • Each year, the CDC estimates that 246,000 new gonorrhea infections are resistant to at least one antibiotic. (time.com)
  • Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia are common bacterial infections which are sexually transmitted. (rainbow-project.org)
  • It is particularly common in Gay and Bisexual men who have accounted for between 50 and 60% of infections of Gonorrhoea. (rainbow-project.org)
  • Overall, there were 422,000 diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) made in England, including 7,137 diagnoses of syphilis and 44,676 diagnoses of gonorrhea. (zmescience.com)
  • Gonorrhea is one of the most common drug-resistant infections worldwide and is becoming harder to treat. (uclahealth.org)
  • Ciprofloxacin was used to treat gonorrhea until 2007, when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stopped recommending its use after gonococcal infections developed resistance to the drug. (uclahealth.org)
  • Nevertheless, about 70% to 80% percent of gonorrhea infections in the United States could still be treated with ciprofloxacin. (uclahealth.org)
  • There's an increased risk of gonorrhea and chlamydia coinfectionsin HIV-positive military personnel, according to a study published in the journalSexually Transmitted Infections (STI). (realhealthmag.com)
  • During a follow-up, researchers found that 11 percent ofparticipants had acquired gonorrhea or chlamydia and that the risk wassignificantly greater in young, African-American men with a history of sexuallytransmitted infections. (realhealthmag.com)
  • Chlamydia and Mycoplasmal Mucosal Infections Sexually transmitted urethritis, cervicitis, proctitis, and pharyngitis (that are not due to gonorrhea) are caused predominantly by chlamydiae and less frequently by mycoplasmas. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In contrast, the majority of chlamydia and gonorrhoea infections among GBMSM are asymptomatic, and they rarely cause complications. (ashm.org.au)
  • In unborn and newborn children chlamydial infections, gonorrhoea and syphilis can produce serious and often life-threatening conditions including congenital disease, pneumonia and low birth weight. (who.int)
  • Following the spread of gonococcal fluoroquinolone resistance, the cephalosporin antibiotics have been the foundation of recommended treatment for gonorrhea. (cdc.gov)
  • As public health officials worry about the emergence of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, researchers are tracing how antibiotics bind to a gonococcal protein, information that can help lead to new antimicrobials. (sciencedaily.com)
  • When caught early, gonorrhea is typically easy to cure with antibiotics, though more and more antibiotic resistant strains are continuing to appear. (kwikmed.com)
  • Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics. (dc.gov)
  • Gonorrhoea can be treated with antibiotics. (rivm.nl)
  • The gonorrhoea bacterium may become resistant to certain antibiotics. (rivm.nl)
  • This means the antibiotics no longer work (also see the page on gonorrhoea and antibiotic resistance ). (rivm.nl)
  • WHO warns that gonorrhea is developing resistances to numerous antibiotics, making it more difficult to treat worldwide. (aboutlawsuits.com)
  • Overuse of antibiotics during the coronavirus pandemic has resulted in the more rapid spread of a type of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea. (bgr.com)
  • That overuse of antibiotics has given a boost to antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, according to WHO. (bgr.com)
  • Such a situation can fuel emergence of resistance in gonorrhea including gonorrhea superbug (super gonorrhoea) or gonorrhoea with high level resistance to current antibiotics recommended to treat it. (bgr.com)
  • ATLANTA - The sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea is now among the "superbugs" resistant to common antibiotics, leading U.S. health officials to recommend wider use of a different class of drugs to avert a public health crisis. (sott.net)
  • But a growing number of gonorrhea cases is resistant to those drugs, and officials at the CDC for the first time are urging doctors to stop using fluoroquinolones and switch to cephalosporins, a different class of antibiotics, to treat everyone. (sott.net)
  • Two antibiotics are needed because the gonorrhea germs may not be killed with only one antibiotic. (connecticutchildrens.org)
  • In the 1970's, gonorrhea became more resistant to penicillin and this lead to the use of other antibiotics used in conjunction with the penicillin. (healthandnutritiontips.net)
  • At the moment, all cases of gonorrhea are still treatable using some combination of available antibiotics," says Dr. Xavier Didelot, senior lecturer in the department of infectious disease and epidemiology at Imperial College London. (time.com)
  • Dr. Bob Kirkcaldy, an epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Division of STD Prevention, says that researchers have noticed that gonorrhea strains are becoming less responsive to both antibiotics. (time.com)
  • Kirkcaldy says it is still "unusual" for a gonorrhea strain in the U.S. to not respond at all to antibiotics. (time.com)
  • This new test could make it easier and safer to treat gonorrhea with different antibiotics, including one pill given by mouth. (uclahealth.org)
  • Gonorrhea is particularly skilled in this regard and has developed increasing resistance to all current antibiotics. (uclahealth.org)
  • For years now, doctors and scientists have been warning that the bacteria that cause gonorrhea are becoming more resistant to antibiotics. (fox9.com)
  • If left untreated, gonorrhoea can cause serious and permanent problems from pelvic inflammatory disease , infertility, risks of ectopic pregnancy in women to epididymo-orchitis and problems with the prostate gland bruising the urethra and making urination painful and difficult in men. (apollohospitals.com)
  • In both men and women if gonorrhea is left untreated, it may spread locally causing epididymitis or pelvic inflammatory disease or throughout the body, affecting joints and heart valves. (doctors.am)
  • Gonorrhea if left untreated may last for weeks or months with higher risks of complications. (doctors.am)
  • The emergence of cephalosporin-resistant gonorrhea would significantly complicate the ability of providers to treat gonorrhea successfully, since we have few antibiotic options left that are simple, well-studied, well-tolerated and highly effective. (cdc.gov)
  • Lessons Learned from CDC's Strengthening US Response to Resistant Gonorrhea - This special supplement of Sexually Transmitted Diseases shares findings and lessons learned from the SURRG project, adding to the published data on public health approaches to address resistant gonorrhea. (cdc.gov)
  • AR Investment Map - This interactive tool shows CDC's key investments to combat resistance, including drug-resistant gonorrhea, across the nation. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC's SURRG program combats resistant gonorrhea with highly-focused, collaborative partnerships. (cdc.gov)
  • Treating gonorrhea is becoming more difficult because drug-resistant strains are increasing. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Multidrug-resistant gonorrhea is increasing in the United States, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated its treatment recommendations, according to a report published in the February 15 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report . (medscape.com)
  • In 2007, the CDC stopped recommending fluoroquinolones for gonorrhea treatment after GISP found that the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant N gonorrhoeae was higher than 5% among isolates collected throughout the country. (medscape.com)
  • Cite this: Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea: New Treatment Guidelines - Medscape - Feb 19, 2013. (medscape.com)
  • There are 60-some mutations on the PBP2 protein in the resistant strains of gonorrhea. (sciencedaily.com)
  • This balancing act might be the reason that antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea hasn't spread as quickly as anticipated. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Although the resistant-type gonorrhea isn't spreading as quickly as public health officials feared, there have been increases in the number of cases of susceptible gonorrhea, as well as other sexually transmitted diseases. (sciencedaily.com)
  • It's becoming slightly more challenging to treat gonorrhea since more and more drug-resistant strains are popping up. (kwikmed.com)
  • Hear from clinicians advocating for their patients, a global leader, and a leading expert in drug development on actions needed to combat resistant gonorrhea. (umn.edu)
  • The resistant form accounts for more than one in every four gonorrhea cases among heterosexual men in Philadelphia and nearly that many in San Francisco, according to a survey that led to Thursday's recommendation by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (sott.net)
  • The CDC made the new recommendation after discovering that nearly 7 percent of gonorrhea cases among heterosexual men in a survey of 26 U.S. cities last year were drug-resistant. (sott.net)
  • In 2001, only about 0.6 percent of gonorrhea cases among heterosexual men were drug-resistant. (sott.net)
  • Previously, CDC recommended against fluoroquinolones to treat drug-resistant gonorrhea among men who have sex with men and in certain states, including California and Hawaii where most of these cases were turning up. (sott.net)
  • In the survey of gonorrhea cases among heterosexual men in 26 cities last year, Philadelphia had the highest percentage of drug-resistant cases with almost 27 percent, a dramatic increase from only 1.2 percent in 2004. (sott.net)
  • A s drug-resistant gonorrhea rapidly spreads around the world, one team of researchers may have a strategy to combat it, according to a new study. (time.com)
  • In July, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that around the globe, about 78 million people are infected with gonorrhea each year, and that 97% of 77 countries surveyed from 2009 to 2014 reported the presence of drug-resistant gonorrhea strains. (time.com)
  • But he adds that if a person's gonorrhea strain is resistant to one drug, it typically responds to the other. (time.com)
  • Gonorrhea may soon become resistant to the last recommended antibiotic. (health.gov)
  • Doctors and researchers have expressed great concern at the rise of gonorrhea, which is threatening to become completely drug-resistant . (zmescience.com)
  • Due to the spread of multidrug-resistant gonorrhea, public health authorities have declared it one of the top five urgent threats to public health . (uclahealth.org)
  • The DNA test the researchers developed detects a particular genetic mutation in the gonorrhea bacterium that make it resistant to ciprofloxacin. (uclahealth.org)
  • The emergence of this new strain of highly resistant gonorrhoea is of huge concern and is a significant development. (medscape.com)
  • Common medical complications of untreated gonorrhea in women include pelvic inflammatory disease which can cause scars to the fallopian tubes and result in later ectopic pregnancy among those women who become pregnant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gonorrhea, the second most commonly reported notifiable disease, is an important cause of cervicitis, urethritis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. (nih.gov)
  • People with gonorrhea are more likely to get and transmit HIV, and it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease in women. (health.gov)
  • Unlike Balanitis, Cystitis, Non-Specific Urethritis, Proctitis and Thrush, Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea are sexually transmitted and must be passed from one person to another. (rainbow-project.org)
  • The results of this analysis confirm previously observed trends in Samoa for younger age groups' prevalence of chlamydia and gonorrhoea, and for older age groups' prevalence of hepatitis B and C. But the analysis also unexpectedly found that older age groups (aged 45 and above) are more likely to test positive for syphilis (for years 2014 and 2017). (who.int)
  • Among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), clinical trials of Doxy-PEP have shown significant reductions in syphilis (by 70-80%) and chlamydia (by 70-90%), and to a lesser degree, gonorrhoea (ineffective in some trials, or 50-55% reduction in other trials, due to varying levels of tetracycline resistance in gonococcal isolates in different populations). (ashm.org.au)
  • While Doxy-PEP is an effective strategy to prevent bacterial STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis among GBMSM, the risk/benefit calculation is most favourable for the prevention of syphilis. (ashm.org.au)
  • Odds ratio and chi-squared tests were conducted to compare the rates of positivity of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis across age groups from 2012 and 2017 surveillance data in Samoa. (who.int)
  • In fact, gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that can be passed through vaginal sex, oral sex, and anal sex. (healthandnutritiontips.net)
  • Either sex may also acquire gonorrhea of the throat from performing oral sex on an infected partner, usually a male partner. (doctors.am)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that each year in the United States nearly 700,000 people become infected with gonorrhea. (kwikmed.com)
  • This article reviews the key questions and data that informed the 2006 gonorrhea treatment recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (nih.gov)
  • Half of women with gonorrhea are asymptomatic but the other half experience vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, or pain with sexual intercourse associated with inflammation of the uterine cervix. (wikipedia.org)
  • In men, gonorrhea can cause pain when urinating and discharge from the penis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Half of women with gonorrhea are asymptomatic while others have vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain or pain with intercourse. (doctors.am)
  • In women, the early symptoms of gonorrhea often are mild. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Gonorrhea? (kidshealth.org)
  • For men, symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 1-10 days after exposure. (dc.gov)
  • If the male client has no symptoms of gonorrhea, the clinician may request a urine sample that will be sent to the lab for analysis. (dc.gov)
  • Since the symptoms of gonorrhea and chlamydia are similar and both diseases can occur at the same time, most people who are treated for gonorrhea are also treated for chlamydia. (dc.gov)
  • Healthcare providers and health departments can report suspected gonorrhea cephalosporin treatment failure or any N. gonorrhoeae specimen with decreased cephalosporin susceptibility through the Suspected Gonorrhea Treatment Failure Consultation Form . (cdc.gov)
  • Suspected gonorrhea cephalosporin treatment failure or any N. gonorrhoeae specimen with decreased cephalosporin susceptibility should be reported directly to CDC by either clinicians or health departments by completing the Suspected Gonorrhea Treatment Failure Consultation Form. (cdc.gov)
  • The only way to prevent gonorrhea and other STDs is to not have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal). (kidshealth.org)
  • What is the possibility of this being oral gonorrhea or another STDs. (medhelp.org)
  • Like many STDs, gonorrhea does not always produce signs and symptoms which can be troublesome for detecting and treating this infectious disease. (kwikmed.com)
  • The most commonly diagnosed STDs in the world today are Chlamydia and Gonorrhea . (wdxcyber.com)
  • Find out more about Chlamydia and Gonorrhea and learn what you can do to protect yourself from contracting these STDS or any STD. (wdxcyber.com)
  • Also get the facts about the importance of regular testing for STDs, like getting an annual pap smear, because if Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are not treated early enough, they can cause infertility. (wdxcyber.com)
  • Unfortunately, the scenario has been quite different in the case of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea , two of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States. (wdxcyber.com)
  • Furthermore, a key benefit of the Thin-Prep Pap Test is its ability to perform additional testing from the same Pap test sample - that is, to test for the STDs Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. (wdxcyber.com)
  • Steadily and relentlessly, the bacterium that causes gonorrhea has slipped past medicine's defenses, acquiring resistance to once-reliable drugs, including penicillin, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Untreatable Gonorrhea Is Rapidly Spreading. (time.com)
  • Already, gonorrhea evolved to be borderline untreatable . (brobible.com)
  • This so-called 'Super Gonorrhea' does not respond to the normal first-line treatments, making it particularly dangerous and uncomfortable for those afflicted. (bgr.com)
  • In March, the first case of super-gonorrhea was detected in the UK , and drug resistance is one of the main reasons of health concerns worldwide. (zmescience.com)
  • The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect the genital tract, mouth, or anus. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When gonorrhoea infects the throat or the anus, only 10% of patients develop symptoms. (rivm.nl)
  • Since Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are often asymptomatic, they can go unrecognized, undiagnosed, and untreated. (wdxcyber.com)
  • In research published in the peer-reviewed journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, a UCLA-led team found that of 106 subjects the test identified as having a strain of gonorrhea called wild-type gyrA serine, all were cured with a single dose of oral ciprofloxacin. (uclahealth.org)
  • mRNA vaccine trials are leading the way in the field of infectious diseases like gonorrhea. (pharmaceutical-technology.com)
  • Last year, the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) awarded the Dutch biotech Intravacc $14.6m to develop an intranasal gonorrhea vaccine. (pharmaceutical-technology.com)
  • Like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea is treatable, but it can cause permanent damage to your reproductive tract if not detected early. (wdxcyber.com)
  • The bacteria that cause gonorrhoea are particularly smart. (fox9.com)
  • All sexual partners from the past 2 months need treatment too, even if they don't have signs of gonorrhea. (kidshealth.org)
  • CDC-recommended treatment is still highly effective for treatment of gonorrhea. (cdc.gov)
  • To date, CDC has not identified a confirmed case of gonorrhea in the United States that was not successfully treated because of resistance to currently recommended treatment. (cdc.gov)
  • Moreover, the control and treatment of gonorrhea have become more complex due to the development of antimicrobial resistance in several countries, including Canada Footnote 8 . (canada.ca)
  • Key areas addressed include the criteria used to select effective treatment for gonorrhea, the level of antimicrobial resistance at which changing treatment regimens is recommended, the epidemiology of resistance, and the use of quinolones, cephalosporins, and other classes of antimicrobials for the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea. (nih.gov)
  • Gonorrhea has now joined the list of other superbugs for which treatment options have become dangerously few," said Dr. Henry Masur, president of the Infectious Disease Society of America. (sott.net)
  • Described by Douglas as a "very wily" disease, gonorrhea has worked its way through decades of other treatment regimens, from sulfa drugs used in the 1930s and 1940s, to penicillin, which was used from the 1940s until the mid-1980s. (sott.net)
  • To prevent that from happening, researchers are working to figure out new treatment strategies for gonorrhea. (time.com)
  • If a partner has gonorrhea, do not have sex with him/her until they complete treatment. (kingcounty.gov)
  • To report a suspected gonorrhea treatment failure to CDC, please complete and submit this REDCap Survey form. (cdc.gov)
  • We can test for gonorrhea and chlamydia using a urine sample or a vaginal/rectal/throat swab. (plannedparenthood.org)
  • Finally a clinician (a consultant, nurse, doctor or GP) will provide you with an oral swab which they will do to check for Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia in the throat. (rainbow-project.org)
  • Treat gonorrhea at any anatomic site with a single intramuscular injection of 250 mg ceftriaxone plus either 1 g azithromycin as a single oral dose or 100 mg doxycycline orally twice per day for 7 days. (medscape.com)
  • We determined what we consider to be the accepted rhea-infected sites in MSM is their lower rate of partner no- transmission routes for gonorrhea by anatomic site in MSM tification compared with heterosexuals ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Pharyngeal and rectal gonorrhea screening can be considered in women based on reported sexual behaviors and exposure, through shared clinical decision making. (cdc.gov)
  • Kissing-only partners tion of MSM with pharyngeal gonorrhea was 6.5%, rectal were much more common among younger MSM, who are gonorrhea 9.7%, and urethral gonorrhea 5.5% ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • UK public health experts are investigating a case of gonorrhea that's believed to be the first to display such high-level resistance to first-line treatments. (medscape.com)
  • An incident management team has been set up to coordinate the investigation, follow up on other sexual contacts, and help contain the spread of this strain of gonorrhea. (medscape.com)
  • Many people with gonorrhea have no symptoms. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most people with gonorrhea will not experience symptoms, which means getting tested is critical for knowing if you have it. (time.com)
  • Gonorrhea, spread through sexual contact, is the second most commonly reported infectious disease in the United States, trailing only chlamydia, which the CDC says affects more than 2.1 million people yearly in the U.S. (sott.net)
  • For testing involving urine samples, including chlamydia and gonorrhea, do not urinate or engage in sexual intercourse for one hour before testing. (plannedparenthood.org)
  • The flow of urine is disrupted when a person is infected with gonorrhea. (healthandnutritiontips.net)
  • In addition, read up on how gonorhea can affect your fertility in our article on gonorrhea and infertility. (wdxcyber.com)
  • Then, around the nineteenth century, silver nitrate was a commonly used drug for dealing with gonorrhea but was soon dropped in favor of Protargol. (healthandnutritiontips.net)
  • Gonorrhea is becoming a superbug, meaning the drugs typically used to treat it are no longer reliably effective. (time.com)
  • Gonorrhea has progressively developed resistance to the antibiotic drugs prescribed to treat it. (cdc.gov)
  • Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project (GISP) Profiles - Provides site-specific data for CDC's surveillance system that monitors U.S. resistance trends for gonorrhea in select STD clinics. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, Doxy-PEP is less likely to be effective to prevent gonorrhoea in the Australian context, due to high rates of tetracycline resistance in Australian gonococcal isolates. (ashm.org.au)
  • In July 2017 the World Health Organization reported on data from 77 countries showing that antibiotic resistance is making gonorrhea "much harder, and sometimes impossible, to treat. (medscape.com)
  • Gonorrhea also increases the infectiousness of and susceptibility to HIV by increasing the number of HIV target cells in the genital tract and by amplifying HIV shedding (an infected cell releases viral particles, which in turn can infect new cells) Footnote 5 Footnote 6 . (canada.ca)
  • You can get gonorrhea during vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an infected partner. (medlineplus.gov)
  • gonorrhea often go untreated, even if they transmit an in- fection to the urethra of a sex partner. (cdc.gov)
  • In men, gonorrhea affects the urethra. (healthandnutritiontips.net)
  • Laboratory-confirmed cases of gonorrhea are reported to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) by all of the Canadian provinces and territories. (canada.ca)
  • In 2015, 19,845 cases of gonorrhea were reported in Canada, corresponding to a rate of 55.4 cases per 100,000 population and a 65.4% increase from 2010 (33.5 cases per 100,000 population). (canada.ca)
  • Males, adolescents and young adults continue to represent the majority of gonorrhea cases. (canada.ca)
  • Globally, there were an estimated 78 million cases of gonorrhea in 2012 Footnote 1 . (canada.ca)
  • Some of the earliest cases of sexually transmitted diseases related to gonorrhea date back to France in 1250's, but at that time it was not officially named gonorrhea. (healthandnutritiontips.net)
  • We are now running out of options to treat gonorrhea cases," says Didelot. (time.com)
  • Women who become infected with gonorrhoea when pregnant may experience complications during pregnancy, such as endometritis or premature birth. (rivm.nl)
  • Health care providers treat gonorrhea with an antibiotic. (kidshealth.org)
  • We are running out of options to treat this disease," added Douglas, who said there are "no new drugs for gonorrhea in the drug development pipeline. (sott.net)
  • Using a pill instead of a shot would also make it easier and faster to treat sex partners of patients with gonorrhea," he added. (uclahealth.org)
  • Using a pill instead of a shot would also make it easier and faster to treat sex partners of patients with gonorrhea,' said UCLA's Dr. Jeffrey Klausner, the study's lead author. (uclahealth.org)
  • Your health care provider will diagnose gonorrhea with lab tests. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you have questions or think you may have Gonorrhea, stop having sex and come to the DC Health and Wellness Center for a FREE and CONFIDENTIAL assessment. (dc.gov)
  • Since 1997, Canada has seen a rise in gonorrhea rates in most jurisdictions, increasing the burden of the disease on our health care system Footnote 2 . (canada.ca)
  • In 2022, 10,600 people who had themselves tested for an STI with the Municipal Public Health Services had gonorrhoea. (rivm.nl)
  • Gonorrhea, which is believed to infect more than 700,000 people in the United States each year, can leave both men and women infertile and puts people at higher risk of getting the AIDS virus. (sott.net)
  • In 2012, the overall rate of gonorrhea was 36.2 per 100,000, a 38.9% increase from the rate in 2003 Footnote 7 . (canada.ca)
  • The most common medical complication of gonorrhea in men is inflammation of the epididymis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Culture is the most common diagnostic test for gonorrhea, followed by the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) probe and then the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and ligand chain reaction (LCR). (medscape.com)
  • How common is gonorrhoea? (rivm.nl)
  • Gonorrhoea is more common in men who have sex with men (MSM) than in heterosexual men and women. (rivm.nl)
  • understanding why gonorrhea is so common in MSM. (cdc.gov)
  • The second most common STD is Gonorrhea. (wdxcyber.com)