Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3
An enzyme that catalyzes the degradation of GLYCOGEN in animals by releasing glucose-1-phosphate from the terminal alpha-1,4-glycosidic bond. This enzyme exists in two forms: an active phosphorylated form ( PHOSPHORYLASE A) and an inactive un-phosphorylated form (PHOSPHORYLASE B). Both a and b forms of phosphorylase exist as homodimers. In mammals, the major isozymes of glycogen phosphorylase are found in muscle, liver and brain tissue.
An envelope of loose gel surrounding a bacterial cell which is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. Some capsules have a well-defined border, whereas others form a slime layer that trails off into the medium. Most capsules consist of relatively simple polysaccharides but there are some bacteria whose capsules are made of polypeptides.
Glycogen Synthase Kinases
A class of protein-serine-threonine kinases that was originally found as one of the three types of kinases that phosphorylate GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE. Glycogen synthase kinases along with CA(2+)-CALMODULIN DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES and CYCLIC AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES regulate glycogen synthase activity.
Glycogen Storage Disease
The lipopolysaccharide-protein somatic antigens, usually from gram-negative bacteria, important in the serological classification of enteric bacilli. The O-specific chains determine the specificity of the O antigens of a given serotype. O antigens are the immunodominant part of the lipopolysaccharide molecule in the intact bacterial cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Glycogen Debranching Enzyme System
1,4-alpha-D-Glucan-1,4-alpha-D-glucan 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase/dextrin 6 alpha-D-glucanohydrolase. An enzyme system having both 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (EC 22.214.171.124) and amylo-1,6-glucosidase (EC 126.96.36.199) activities. As a transferase it transfers a segment of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to a new 4-position in an acceptor, which may be glucose or another 1,4-alpha-D-glucan. As a glucosidase it catalyzes the endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucoside linkages at points of branching in chains of 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues. Amylo-1,6-glucosidase activity is deficient in glycogen storage disease type III.
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Glycogen Storage Disease Type I
An autosomal recessive disease in which gene expression of glucose-6-phosphatase is absent, resulting in hypoglycemia due to lack of glucose production. Accumulation of glycogen in liver and kidney leads to organomegaly, particularly massive hepatomegaly. Increased concentrations of lactic acid and hyperlipidemia appear in the plasma. Clinical gout often appears in early childhood.
Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.
Uridine Diphosphate Glucose
A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and glucuronic acid. Also serves as a precursor of sucrose lipopolysaccharides, and glycosphingolipids.
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA. It is a commensal and pathogen only of humans, and can be carried asymptomatically in the NASOPHARYNX. When found in cerebrospinal fluid it is the causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis (MENINGITIS, MENINGOCOCCAL). It is also found in venereal discharges and blood. There are at least 13 serogroups based on antigenic differences in the capsular polysaccharides; the ones causing most meningitis infections being A, B, C, Y, and W-135. Each serogroup can be further classified by serotype, serosubtype, and immunotype.
Glycogen Storage Disease Type II
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)
Glycogen Phosphorylase, Liver Form
Glycogen Phosphorylase, Muscle Form
An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Glycogen Storage Disease Type III
An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to deficient expression of amylo-1,6-glucosidase (one part of the glycogen debranching enzyme system). The clinical course of the disease is similar to that of glycogen storage disease type I, but milder. Massive hepatomegaly, which is present in young children, diminishes and occasionally disappears with age. Levels of glycogen with short outer branches are elevated in muscle, liver, and erythrocytes. Six subgroups have been identified, with subgroups Type IIIa and Type IIIb being the most prevalent.
Lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens. They are often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion. The lipopolysaccharide molecule consists of three parts: LIPID A, core polysaccharide, and O-specific chains (O ANTIGENS). When derived from Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharides serve as polyclonal B-cell mitogens commonly used in laboratory immunology. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glycosyl groups to an acceptor. Most often another carbohydrate molecule acts as an acceptor, but inorganic phosphate can also act as an acceptor, such as in the case of PHOSPHORYLASES. Some of the enzymes in this group also catalyze hydrolysis, which can be regarded as transfer of a glycosyl group from the donor to water. Subclasses include the HEXOSYLTRANSFERASES; PENTOSYLTRANSFERASES; SIALYLTRANSFERASES; and those transferring other glycosyl groups. EC 2.4.
1,4-alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme
Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
Glycogen Storage Disease Type IV
An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to a deficiency in expression of glycogen branching enzyme 1 (alpha-1,4-glucan-6-alpha-glucosyltransferase), resulting in an accumulation of abnormal GLYCOGEN with long outer branches. Clinical features are MUSCLE HYPOTONIA and CIRRHOSIS. Death from liver disease usually occurs before age 2.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
The release of GLUCOSE from GLYCOGEN by GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE (phosphorolysis). The released glucose-1-phosphate is then converted to GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE by PHOSPHOGLUCOMUTASE before entering GLYCOLYSIS. Glycogenolysis is stimulated by GLUCAGON or EPINEPHRINE via the activation of PHOSPHORYLASE KINASE.
Glycogen Storage Disease Type V
A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.
Amino Acid Sequence
A division of predominantly marine EUKARYOTA, commonly known as brown algae, having CHROMATOPHORES containing carotenoid PIGMENTS, BIOLOGICAL. ALGINATES and phlorotannins occur widely in all major orders. They are considered the most highly evolved algae because of their well-developed multicellular organization and structural complexity.
Glycogen Phosphorylase, Brain Form
Neisseria meningitidis, Serogroup C
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
Fruiting Bodies, Fungal
Protein Phosphatase 1
A eukayrotic protein serine-threonine phosphatase subtype that dephosphorylates a wide variety of cellular proteins. The enzyme is comprised of a catalytic subunit and regulatory subunit. Several isoforms of the protein phosphatase catalytic subunit exist due to the presence of multiple genes and the alternative splicing of their mRNAs. A large number of proteins have been shown to act as regulatory subunits for this enzyme. Many of the regulatory subunits have additional cellular functions.
Blood Bactericidal Activity
The natural bactericidal property of BLOOD due to normally occurring antibacterial substances such as beta lysin, leukin, etc. This activity needs to be distinguished from the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy, which is measured by a SERUM BACTERICIDAL TEST.
A form of stimulus sensitive myoclonic epilepsy inherited as an autosomal recessive condition. The most common presenting feature is a single seizure in the second decade of life. This is followed by progressive myoclonus, myoclonic seizures, tonic-clonic seizures, focal occipital seizures, intellectual decline, and severe motor and coordination impairments. Most affected individuals do not live past the age of 25 years. Concentric amyloid (Lafora) bodies are found in neurons, liver, skin, bone, and muscle (From Menkes, Textbook of Childhood Neurology, 5th ed, pp111-110)
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Adenosine Diphosphate Glucose
Rats, Inbred Strains
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Uridine Diphosphate Glucose Dehydrogenase
A highly acidic mucopolysaccharide formed of equal parts of sulfated D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid with sulfaminic bridges. The molecular weight ranges from six to twenty thousand. Heparin occurs in and is obtained from liver, lung, mast cells, etc., of vertebrates. Its function is unknown, but it is used to prevent blood clotting in vivo and vitro, in the form of many different salts.
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Neisseria meningitidis, Serogroup A
A 29-amino acid pancreatic peptide derived from proglucagon which is also the precursor of intestinal GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDES. Glucagon is secreted by PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS and plays an important role in regulation of BLOOD GLUCOSE concentration, ketone metabolism, and several other biochemical and physiological processes. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1511)
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)
A technique that combines protein electrophoresis and double immunodiffusion. In this procedure proteins are first separated by gel electrophoresis (usually agarose), then made visible by immunodiffusion of specific antibodies. A distinct elliptical precipitin arc results for each protein detectable by the antisera.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
One of the largest genera of BROWN ALGAE, comprised of more than 150 species found in tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones of both hemispheres. Some species are attached (benthic) but most float in the open sea (pelagic). Sargassum provides a critical habitat for hundreds of species of FISHES; TURTLES; and INVERTEBRATES.
Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).
... and some polysaccharides form thick colloidal dispersions when heated in water. Shorter polysaccharides, with 3 - 10 monomers, ... Examples are starch, cellulose, and glycogen. They are generally large and often have a complex branched connectivity. Because ... Polysaccharides are polymerized monosaccharides, or complex carbohydrates. They have multiple simple sugars. ... of their size, polysaccharides are not water-soluble, but their many hydroxy groups become hydrated individually when exposed ...
... will hydrolytically cleave pullulan (alpha-glucan polysaccharides). Lee EY, Whelan WJ (1972). "Glycogen and starch ... Bender H, Wallenfels K (1966). "Pullulanase (an amylopectin and glycogen debranching enzyme) from Aerobacter aerogenes". ...
Photosynthesis or gluconeogenesis → monosaccharides → polysaccharides (cellulose, chitin, glycogen etc.) Acetate pathway → ... In addition, polysaccharides formed from simpler carbohydrates are important structural components of many organisms such the ...
Glycogen is a multi-branched polysaccharide. It is primary means of glucose storage in animal cells. In the human body, the two ... glycogen synthase (GS), and degradation, glycogen phosphorylase (GF). Glycogenin is the initiator of the glycogen biosynthesis ... Glucose Glycogen Glycogen synthase Glycogenin Gene Mutation GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000163754 - Ensembl, May 2017 ... our muscles store about three quarters of the total glycogen in our body. The function of liver glycogen is to maintain glucose ...
Cellulose is similar in form to complex carbohydrates like starch and glycogen. These polysaccharides are also made from ...
... is a highly branched polysaccharide used to store glucose in a similar way that glycogen is the glucose storage ... Phytoglycogen is a type of glycogen extracted from plants. It is a highly branched, water-soluble polysaccharide derived from ...
A polysaccharide of fructose 3. Galactan - A polysaccharide of galactose 4. Araban - A polysaccharide of arabinose 5. Xylan - A ... glycogen is a branched form, where the glucose monomers are joined by alpha-glycosidic linkages. Depending upon the molecules ... Homopolysaccharides are polysaccharides composed of a single type of sugar monomer. For example, cellulose is an unbranched ... polysaccharide of xylose Champe, Harvey, Ferrier. Biochemistry 4th Edition. 2008. 90. v t e. ...
The same type of bond is found in the animal reserve polysaccharide glycogen. This is in contrast to many structural ... as the UDP-glucose is added to the non-reducing end of glycogen during glycogen synthesis. Starch branching enzyme introduces 1 ... This polysaccharide is produced by most green plants for energy storage. It is the most common carbohydrate in human diets and ... Glycogen and amylopectin have similar structure, but the former has about one branch point per ten 1,4-alpha bonds, compared to ...
After splitting of the peridal layers to expose the gleba, enzymatic conversion of glycogen to glucose increases the internal ... Fiegler S (1982). "A scanning ultrastructural histochemical procedure for localization of polysaccharide". Mycologia. 74 (2): ... doi:10.1016/S0007-1536(72)80147-5. Walker LB, Anderson E (1925). "Relation of glycogen to spore-ejection". Mycologia. 17 (4): ...
This enzyme acts on starch, glycogen and related polysaccharides and oligosaccharides producing beta-maltose by an inversion. ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction: Hydrolysis of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides so ... Manners DJ (1962). "Enzymic synthesis and degradation of starch and glycogen". Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry. 17: 371-430 ... Manners DJ (January 1963). "Enzymic synthesis and degradation of starch and glycogen". Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry. ...
In Auckland he investigated the structure and metabolism of glycogen, an energy storage polysaccharide, by physical ... His work provided evidence for the existence of a protein core, now known as glycogenin, within glycogen. He was deputy Dean of ...
DNA Nucleoside Nucleotide Oligonucleotide RNA UGGT Glycogen Biochemistry Biochemistry Pathways: Polysaccharide Synthesis v t e ... Then, the enzyme glycogen synthase combines UDP-glucose units to form a glycogen chain. The UDP molecule is cleaved from the ... Before glucose can be stored as glycogen in the liver and muscles, the enzyme UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase forms a UDP-glucose ...
Glycogen, a glucose polysaccharide, acts as an oxidative energy source during times of physiological stress. Because it binds ... The accumulation of glycogen during the insect larval stage has been linked to increased body water content and is likely a ... Graves, J. L.; Toolson, E. C.; Jeong, C.; Vu, L.N. & Rose, M.R. (1992). "Desiccation, flight, glycogen and postponed senescence ... This increase in development time is likely a response to the environment, allowing larvae more time to accumulate glycogen, ...
Normal vaginal tissue stains brown due to its high glycogen content, while tissue suspicious for cancer does not stain, and ... iodine solutions like Lugol's will stain starches due to iodine's interaction with the coil structure of the polysaccharide. ... Similar to the method of staining mentioned above regarding a colposcopy, alveolar mucosa has a high glycogen content that ... Starches include the plant starches amylose and amylopectin and glycogen in animal cells. Lugol's solution will not detect ...
Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components (e.g. cellulose in ... Avenas P (2012). "Etymology of main polysaccharide names" (PDF). In Navard P (ed.). The European Polysaccharide Network of ... often polysaccharides. In many animals, including humans, this storage form is glycogen, especially in liver and muscle cells. ... Cellulose, a polysaccharide found in the cell walls of all plants, is one of the main components of insoluble dietary fiber. ...
The main enzyme involved in glycogen polymerisation, glycogen synthase in the liver and in the muscle glycogen synthesis is ... Evidence accumulates that a priming protein may be a fundamental property of polysaccharide synthesis in general; the molecular ... This hints at the role of glycogenin to simply start glycogen synthesis before glycogen synthase takes over. Glycogenin was ... Alonso MD, Lomako J, Lomako WM, Whelan WJ (1995). "A new look at the biogenesis of glycogen". FASEB J. 9 (12): 1126-37. doi: ...
... glycogen). Polysaccharides perform numerous roles in living organisms, acting as energy stores (e.g. starch) and as structural ... Because monosaccharides have multiple functional groups, polysaccharides can form linear polymers (e.g. cellulose) or complex ... The Major Macromolecules: Carbohydrate macromolecules (polysaccharides) are formed from polymers of monosaccharides. ...
... starches and glycogens, hemicelluloses, seaweed mucilages, and of exudate gums and related polysaccharides. In addition they ... He and his co-workers determined the structure of all the known mono-, di-, oligo- and polysaccharides; and worked on the ...
This polysaccharide has been identified in the Golgi zone of the secretory cells from the albumen gland in the form of discrete ... Glycogen accumulates in autumn as a general energy storage for hibernation, whereas galactogen is synthesized during spring in ... In this polysaccharide, the D-galactose are predominantly β (1→3) and β (1→6) linked; however some species also have β (1→2) ... This polysaccharide is exclusive of the reproduction and is only found in the albumen gland from the female snail reproductive ...
... as in the polysaccharides starch and glycogen), or together with another monosaccharide (as in the hetero-polysaccharides ... Starch, cellulose, and glycogen ("animal starch") are common glucose polymers (polysaccharides). Some of these polymers (starch ... For this reason, D-glucose is also a highly preferred building block in natural polysaccharides (glycans). Polysaccharides that ... Liver cell glycogen can be converted to glucose and returned to the blood when insulin is low or absent; muscle cell glycogen ...
Two of the most common polysaccharides are cellulose and glycogen, both consisting of repeating glucose monomers. Examples are ... For instance, polysaccharides are broken down into their monomers (glycogen phosphorylase removes glucose residues from ... be stored as glycogen (or starch in plants), or be converted to other monosaccharides or joined into di- or oligosaccharides. ... Many monosaccharides joined together make a polysaccharide. They can be joined together in one long linear chain, or they may ...
Polysaccharides, which include starch and glycogen, are often referred to as 'complex' carbohydrates because they are typically ... which is stored in muscle as glycogen - a form of sugar. During exercise, muscle glycogen reserves can be used up, especially ... Baghurst, P.A.; Baghurst, K.I.; Record, S.J. (1996). "Dietary fibre, non-starch polysaccharides and resistant starch - a review ... Monosaccharides contain one sugar unit, disaccharides two, and polysaccharides three or more. Monosaccharides include glucose, ...
Branching (polymer chemistry)
... also occurs naturally during enzymatically-catalyzed polymerization of glucose to form polysaccharides such as glycogen ( ...
Periodic acid-Schiff stain
Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) is a staining method used to detect polysaccharides such as glycogen, and mucosubstances such as ... Presence of glycogen can be confirmed on a section of tissue by using diastase to digest the glycogen from a section, then ... PAS diastase stain (PAS-D) is PAS stain used in combination with diastase, an enzyme that breaks down glycogen. • Alcian blue/ ... The diastase negative slide will show a magenta staining where glycogen is present within a section of tissue. The slide that ...
... where they are turned into a polysaccharide, possibly glycogen. Because of the anecdotal occurrence data concerning this plant ...
Glucose is stored in the liver in the form of the polysaccharide glycogen, which is a glucan (a polymer made up of glucose ... As a result, glucagon is released from the alpha cells at a maximum, causing rapid breakdown of glycogen to glucose and fast ... Glucagon causes the liver to engage in glycogenolysis: converting stored glycogen into glucose, which is released into the ... When glucagon binds to the glucagon receptors, the liver cells convert the glycogen into individual glucose molecules and ...
Amylases are secreted proteins that hydrolyze 1,4-alpha-glucoside bonds in oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, and thus ... catalyze the first step in digestion of dietary starch and glycogen. The human genome has a cluster of several amylase genes ...
... and thus catalyze the first step in digestion of dietary starch and glycogen. The human genome has a cluster of several amylase ... 4-alpha-glucoside bonds in oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, ...
AMY1A Kaczmarek MJ, Rosenmund H (1977). "The action of human pancreatic and salivary isoamylases on starch and glycogen". Clin ... Amylases are secreted proteins that hydrolyze 1,4-alpha-glucoside bonds in oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, and thus ... catalyze the first step in digestion of dietary starch and glycogen. The human genome has a cluster of several amylase genes ...
There are several different types of carbohydrates: polysaccharides (e.g., starch, amylopectin, glycogen, cellulose), ...
β-Glucans (beta-glucans) comprise a group of β-D-glucose polysaccharides naturally occurring in the cell walls of cereals, ... Although technically β-glucans are chains of D-glucose polysaccharides linked by β-type glycosidic bonds, by convention not all ... In addition, these side-chains can be attached to other types of molecules, like proteins, as in polysaccharide-K. ... β-D-glucose polysaccharides are categorized as β-glucans. Cellulose is not conventionally considered a β-glucan, as it is ...
Karbohidrata, ang malayang ensiklopedya
Ang mga polysaccharides ay nagsisilbi para sa pag-iimbak ng enerhiya(e.g., starch at glycogen) at bilang istaktural na bahagi(e ... at polysaccharide. Sa pangkalahatan, ang mga monosaccharides at disaccharide na mga mas maliit(may mas mababang timbang na ...
Carbohydrate - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polysaccharides (long chains) are complex carbohydrates, with linear chains of sugars or branched clusters. Their function is ... either energy storage (starch, glycogen) or building structures (cellulose, chitin).. Nutrition and foods[change , change ...
Human digestive system
It regulates the storage of glycogen which it can form from glucose (glycogenesis). The liver can also synthesise glucose from ... The enzymes that digest polysaccharides, by contrast, are primarily produced by the walls of the intestines.) The cells are ...
... polysaccharides can form linear polymers (e.g. cellulose) or complex branched structures (e.g. glycogen). Polysaccharides ... Carbohydrate macromolecules (polysaccharides) are formed from polymers of monosaccharides.:11 Because monosaccharides have ...
Polysaccharides are often referred to as complex carbohydrates because they are typically long, multiple branched chains of ... showing that the energy in blood glucose can be stored as fat or as glycogen. ... Monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides contain one, two, and three or more sugar units, respectively. ... Carbohydrates may be classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, or polysaccharides depending on the number of monomer (sugar ...
ಸುಕ್ರೋಸ್ - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
ಅನೇಕ ದೇಶಗಳು ಸಕ್ಕರೆಯ ಉತ್ಪಾದನೆಗೆ ಅತೀವವಾಗಿ ಅನುದಾನ ನೀಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಐರೋಪ್ಯ ಒಕ್ಕೂಟ, ಅಮೆರಿಕಾ ಸಂಯುಕ್ತ ಸಂಸ್ಥಾನಗಳು, ಜಪಾನ್ ಮತ್ತು ಅನೇಕ ಅಭಿವೃದ್ಧಿಶೀಲ ದೇಶಗಳು ಸ್ವದೇಶಿ ಉತ್ಪಾದನೆಗೆ ಅನುದಾನ ನೀಡುತ್ತವೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆಮದುಗಳ ಮೇಲಿನ ಉನ್ನತ ಸುಂಕಪಟ್ಟಿಗಳನ್ನು ನಿರ್ವಹಿಸುತ್ತವೆ. ಈ ದೇಶಗಳಲ್ಲಿನ ಸಕ್ಕರೆ ಬೆಲೆಗಳು ಅನೇಕವೇಳೆ ಅಂತರರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಮಾರುಕಟ್ಟೆಯಲ್ಲಿನ ಬೆಲೆಗಳನ್ನು ಮೂರು ಪಟ್ಟುಗಳಷ್ಟರವರೆಗೆtoday[update] ಮೀರಿಸಿವೆ; ಇಂದು, ವಿಶ್ವ ...
"Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 contributes to the recirculation of gluconeogenic precursors during postexercise glycogen ... is a subcategory of EC 2.4 transferases that is involved in biosynthesis of disaccharides and polysaccharides through transfer ...
Others, such as maltodextrins or cellodextrins, result from the microbial breakdown of larger polysaccharides such as starch or ... which have a much higher degree of polymerization than FOS and is therefore a polysaccharide, but like fructans and inulin, ...
Liosta Bithmhóilíní - Vicipéid
Glicigin Glycogen. *Aigéad gliocólach Glycolic acid. *Glicelipid Glycolipid. *Gliceapróitéin Glycoprotein. *hormón scaoilte ... Polaisiúicríd Polysaccharide. *Porfairin Porphyrin. *Prión Prion. *Próigeistéarón Progesterone. *Prólachtain Prolactin (PRL). * ...
The glycoside hydrolases are involved in the biosynthesis and degradation of glycogen in the body. ... Various glycoside hydrolases have shown efficacy in degrading matrix polysaccharides within the extracellular polymeric ... of an oligo/polysaccharide chain. Glycoside hydrolases may also be classified by sequence or structure based methods. ...
... is a multibranched polysaccharide o glucose that serves as a form o energy storage in ainimals an fungi. The ... Schematic twa-dimensional cross-sectional view o glycogen: A core protein o glycogenin is surroondit bi branches o glucose ... polysaccharide structur represents the main storage form o glucose in the bouk. ... Taen frae "https://sco.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glycogen&oldid=544580" ...
Polysaccharide - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Examples include storage polysaccharides such as starch and glycogen and structural polysaccharides such as cellulose and ... Polysaccharides are relatively more complex carbohydrates. They are polymers made up of many monosaccharides. They are very ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polysaccharide&oldid=6470307" ...
Polysaccharides, which include starch and glycogen, are often referred to as 'complex' carbohydrates because they are typically ... During exercise, muscle glycogen reserves can be used up, especially when activities last longer than 90 min. Because the ... The main fuel used by the body during exercise is carbohydrates, which is stored in muscle as glycogen - a form of sugar. ... Dietary fiber is a carbohydrate, specifically a polysaccharide, which is incompletely absorbed in humans and in some animals. ...
ഗ്ലൂക്കോസ് - വിക്കിപീഡിയ
Polysaccharides. Glucose/Glucan: Glycogen · Starch (Amylose, Amylopectin) · Cellulose · Dextrin/Dextran · Beta-glucan (Zymosan ...
Maltose, cellobiose, and chitobiose are hydrolysis products of the polysaccharides starch, cellulose, and chitin, respectively ... and polysaccharides). The most common types of disaccharides-sucrose, lactose, and maltose-have 12 carbon atoms, with the ... and also bonds monosaccharides into more complex polysaccharides) forms what are called glycosidic bonds. ...
The sarcoplasm is also composed of glycogen, a polysaccharide of glucose monomers, which provides energy to the cell with ... Well exercised muscles can not only add more size but can also develop more mitochondria, myoglobin, glycogen and a higher ...
ଶ୍ୱେତସାର - ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ
ଗ୍ଲାଇକୋଜେନ୍ (Glycogen) ଅନେକ ପ୍ରକାରର କବକ (Fungi), ପ୍ରାଣୀମାନଙ୍କ ଯକୃତ (Liver) ଓ ମାଂସପେଶୀରେ (Muscles) ସଞ୍ଚିତ ଜୈବଶର୍କରା । ମଣ୍ଡଦ ( ... ପଲିସାକାରାଇଡ୍ (Polysaccharide)[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]. ପଲିସାକାରାଇଡ୍ (ପଲି ବା poly = ଅନେକ ଓ ସାକାରନ୍ ବା saccharon = ଶର୍କରା) ଅନେକ ଗୁଡ଼ିଏ ... ମଣ୍ଡଦ (Starch) ଓ ଗ୍ଲାଇକୋଜେନ୍ (Glycogen) ସଞ୍ଚୟ ଶ୍ରେଣୀର ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ । ମଣ୍ଡଦ (Starch) ଏକ ଦ୍ରାକ୍ଷାଶର୍କରାର (Glucose) ସମାହାର । ଏହା ... ହେପାରିନ୍ (Heparin) ନାମକ ଏକ ପ୍ରକାରର ପଲିସାକାରାଇଡ୍ (Polysaccharide) ରକ୍ତ ଜମାଟ ବାନ୍ଧିବା କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକୁ
Carmine is an intensely red dye used to stain glycogen, while Carmine alum is a nuclear stain. Carmine stains require the use ... Phosphotungstic acid is a common negative stain for viruses, nerves, polysaccharides, and other biological tissue materials. ... Periodic acid-Schiff staining is used to mark carbohydrates (glycogen, glycoprotein, proteoglycans). It is used to distinguish ... different types of glycogen storage diseases.. Masson's trichrome. Masson's trichrome is (as the name implies) a three- ...
In comparison to glycogen which would contribute only half of the energy per its pure mass, triglyceride carbons are all bonded ... in extracellular polysaccharide biosynthesis (for instance, peptidoglycan polymerization in bacteria), and in eukaryotic ...
Garot (1850) "De la matière colorante rouge des rhubarbes exotiques et indigènes et de son application (comme matière colorante) aux arts et à la pharmacie" (On the red coloring material of exotic and indigenous rhubarb and on its application (as a coloring material) in the arts and in pharmacy), Journal de Pharmacie et de Chimie, 3rd series, 17 : 5-19. Erythrose is named on p. 10: "Celui que je propose, sans y attacher toutefois la moindre importance, est celui d'érythrose, du verbe grec 'ερυθραινω, rougir (1)." (The one [i.e., name] that I propose, without attaching any importance to it, is that of erythrose, from the Greek verb ερυθραινω, to redden (1).) ...
The glucans and levans (fructose polysaccharides) produced by the plaque bacteria also act as a reserve food supply for the ... GSD type VI (Hers' disease, liver glycogen phosphorylase deficiency). *GSD type V (McArdle's disease, myophosphorylase ... or is converted and reserved in the liver as glycogen. The fructose is either bonded to cellulose and transported out the GI ... dextran-like polysaccharides) by extracellular enzymes. These glucans allow the bacteria to adhere to the tooth surface and to ...
Polymer chemistry - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
structural polysaccharides: cellulose, chitin and others. *storage polysaccharides: starch, glycogen and others ...
... /ˌæmɪloʊˈpɛktɪn/ is a water-soluble polysaccharide and highly branched polymer of α-glucose units found in ... Its counterpart in animals is glycogen, which has the same composition and structure, but with more extensive branching that ...
... the polysaccharide glycogen, and the water-insoluble structural polysaccharide chitin, which accounts for up to 80-90% of dry ...
The more viscous polysaccharides extend the mouth-to-cecum transit time; guar, tragacanth and pectin being slower than wheat ... stabilize blood glucose levels by acting on pancreatic insulin release and liver control of glycogen breakdown ... Adding viscous polysaccharides to carbohydrate meals can reduce post-prandial blood glucose concentrations. Wheat and maize but ... Dietary fiber consists of non-starch polysaccharides and other plant components such as cellulose, resistant starch, resistant ...
Outline of biology
polysaccharide: cellulose - carbohydrate - chitin - glycogen - starch. *Biochemical mechanisms: proteolysis - cooperativity. * ...
HA, a linear polysaccharide, is composed of repeating disaccharide units of →4)GlcAβ(1→3)GlcNAcβ(1→ and has a very high ... Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) or mucopolysaccharides are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating ...
Ultracentrifugal studies of compounds of proteins with polysaccharides. Compounds between proteins and glycogen | Biochemical...
Ultracentrifugal studies of compounds of proteins with polysaccharides. Compounds between proteins and glycogen. Edmund Marcel ... Ultracentrifugal studies of compounds of proteins with polysaccharides. Compounds between proteins and glycogen ... Ultracentrifugal studies of compounds of proteins with polysaccharides. Compounds between proteins and glycogen ... Ultracentrifugal studies of compounds of proteins with polysaccharides. Compounds between proteins and glycogen ...
Exactly 81.0 mg of glycogen, a branched polysaccharide, were exhaustively methylated and then hydrolyzed. The methylated...
... a branched polysaccharide, were exhaustively methylated and then hydrolyzed. The methylated products were separatd and... ... Exactly 81.0 mg of glycogen, a branched polysaccharide, were exhaustively methylated and then hydrolyzed. The methylated ... Exactly 81.0 mg of glycogen, a branched polysaccharide, were exhaustively methylated and then hydrolyzed. The methylated ... Answer to Exactly 81.0 mg of glycogen, ...
Importance Of Polysaccharides - Starch, Cellulose, and Glycogen
... and Glycogen along with Storage polysaccharides, Structural polysaccharides, and more. ... Learn the importance of polysaccharides such as starch, cellulose, ... Glycogen. What is Glycogen?. In an animals body the carbohydrates are stored in the form of glycogen. This is also called ... First of all, let us discuss starch from where we will move on to other polysaccharides such as Glycogen and Cellulose. ...
Polysaccharide - New World Encyclopedia
Well-known polysaccharides include storage polysaccharides such as starch and glycogen and structural polysaccharides such as ... Glycogen. Glycogen is the principal storage form of glucose in animal cells. Glycogen is a highly branched polymer of about ... Acidic polysaccharides. Acidic polysaccharides are polysaccharides that contain carboxyl groups, phosphate groups, and/or ... Glycogen is a highly branched polysaccharide of glucose with α-glycosidic linkages. Cellulose is an unbranched polysaccharide ...
Polysaccharide: Molecular Structure, Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose, Videos
Now, these complex carbohydrates have a highly branched molecular structure and are named polysaccharide. Let us study them in ... The structure of glycogen is similar to that of Amylopectin. The only exception being that glycogen is very highly branched. In ... This is the reason glycogen behaves differently to Amylopectin. This is the reason a glycogen molecule has a very high ... Q: The solution of iodine in KI is used to detect a solution of starch and glycogen, as it gives:. *blue colour with starch and ...
Solution - Carbohydrates - Polysaccharides - Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen | shaalaa.com
Cellulose and Glycogen. For the courses CBSE (Arts), CBSE (Commerce), CBSE (Science), PUC Karnataka Science ... Biomolecules part 12 (Polysaccharides :- starch, cellulose, glycogen). undefined Carbohydrates video tutorial00:15:25 ... Solution for concept: Carbohydrates - Polysaccharides - Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen. For the courses CBSE (Arts), CBSE ( ...
n the basis of their electron configurations, predict | bartleby
Is starch a polysaccharide? | Reference.com
Starches are classified as polysaccharides due to their molecular structures. Most starches are found in plants, since plants ... What are the structural differences between starch and glycogen?. A: The chief difference between starch and glycogen is that ... Polysaccharides are sugars that consists of multiple simple sugar units. The simple sugar units are known as monosaccharides, ... Polysaccharides form when numerous monosaccharides bind together to form long-chain compounds. Many of the common ...
Biotech Multiple Choice Questions | Respiración celular | Carbohidratos
d) which form the polysaccharide glycogen.. Answer: a. 3. Fructose is:. a) an aldopentose sugar. ... b) indigestible polysaccharides, such as starch and cellulose have been completely or partial. hydrolyzed to maltose.. c) ... Modification of the TRI reagent procedure for isolation of RNA from polysaccharide.pdf ...
Patent US3868336 - Process for improving flowability of detergents - Google Patents
Solutions manual for nutrition and diet therapy 9th edition by debruyne ibsn 9781305110403 by Harshbarger9856 - Issuu
disaccharides viscous glycogen caries. 12. soluble fibers 13. polysaccharides 14. stevia sweeteners ... Once the glycogen stores are full, carbohydrates in excess of energy needs are stored as fat. Honey is a concentrated sweet and ... A polysaccharide composed of glucose that is made and stored by liver and muscle tissues of human beings and animals The ... Starch (from plants), glycogen (from animal sources) Soluble fibers, insoluble fibers Composition of the food, how sticky the ...
Methods for Analysis of Carbohydrate Metabolism in Photosynthetic Organisms - 1st Edition
Nota Kimia Carbon Compoun Form 5 | Fat | Alkane
Macromolecules by Shara D on Prezi
3) Which structures are polysaccharides?. (8). Short- term or quick energy. ie. starch, glycogen. Structural support. ie. ... 3. Glycogen is used to store energy in the liver and muscle tissue. Glycogen is an example of which type of macromolecule?. A. ... Polymers called polysaccharides. (5). (7). (3). (6). (7). Answer the following:. 1) Which of the following structures is not a ... D. polysaccharide. 2. Which of the following is not a protein?. A. an enzyme. B. cholesterol. C. an antibody. D. insulin. ...
Polysaccharides facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Polysaccharides
Make research projects and school reports about Polysaccharides easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... Polysaccharides function both as food stores (starch in plants and glycogen in animals) and as structural materials (cellulose ... Polysaccharides Chemistry: Foundations and Applications COPYRIGHT 2004 The Gale Group, Inc.. Polysaccharides. Polysaccharides ... Glycogen is the energy storage carbohydrate in animals. Glycogen is found mainly in the liver (where it is responsible for up ...
Polysaccharide - Wikipedia
Examples include storage polysaccharides such as starch and glycogen, and structural polysaccharides such as cellulose and ... Acidic polysaccharides. Acidic polysaccharides are polysaccharides that contain carboxyl groups, phosphate groups and/or ... Glycogen. Glycogen serves as the secondary long-term energy storage in animal and fungal cells, with the primary energy ... Glycogen is a polymer of α(1→4) glycosidic bonds linked, with α(1→6)-linked branches. Glycogen is found in the form of granules ...
Anti-fatigue activities of polysaccharides extracted from Hericium erinaceus
Polysaccharides from HEP have recently attracted considerable attention due to their numerous physiological activities. The ... Keywords: blood lactic acid; forced swimming test; glutathione peroxidase; glycogen; malondialdehyde; mice; serum urea nitrogen ... Anti-fatigue activities of polysaccharides extracted from Hericium erinaceus Exp Ther Med. 2015 Feb;9(2):483-487. doi: 10.3892/ ... Polysaccharides from HEP have recently attracted considerable attention due to their numerous physiological activities. The ...
Wills' Biochemical Basis of Medicine - 2nd Edition
Carbohydrates - effects, food, nutrition, body, diet, absorption, health, protein, fat
Glycogen is the polysaccharide used to store energy in animals, including humans. Like starch, glycogen is made up of chains of ... Three polysaccharides are of particular importance in human nutrition : starch, glycogen , and dietary fiber . ... Glycolysis breaks down glucose or glycogen into pyruvic acid through enzymatic reactions within the cytoplasm of the cells. The ... The end result is a net gain of up to thirty-nine molecules of ATP from one molecule of glycogen (thirty-eight molecules of ATP ...
BioMolecular Explorer3D | Explore the Molecules
Natural product - Wikipedia
Glossary of biotechnology and genetic engineering
Polysaccharides are carbohydrates of much greater molecular weight and complexity; examples are starch, which serves as energy ... store in plant seeds and tubers; cellulose and lignin that form the cell walls and woody tissue of plants of plants; glycogen, ... chitin A nitrogenous polysaccharide occurring as skeletal material in many invertebrates and fungi. ...
Free Chemistry Flashcards about Basic Chemistry
Biological Molecules by Chelsie Villanueva-Hayes on Prezi
Glycogen. Energy-storage polysaccharide in animals.. Made with a-glucose -- branched.. Glycogen differs to amylopectin, the 1,4 ... Glycogen is more compact than starch -- forms glycogen granules in animal cells. Features of starch and glycogen. Both starch ... Starch and glycogen. Large molecules of many a-glucose joined by condensation reactions. Insoluble in water.. Forms grains/ ... Energy-storage polysaccharide in plants. Consists of straight chain amylose and branched amylopectin.. Its stored in ...
Biochemistry (Moscow) (v.83, #5) | www.chemweb.com
Keywords: glycogen molecule; α-particles; β-particles; polysaccharide-protein complex; glycogen fractions; liver; skeletal ... However, the type and force of bonds connecting these proteins to the polysaccharide moiety of glycogen are significantly ... Keywords: lipopolysaccharide; O-specific polysaccharide; bacterial polysaccharide structure; O-antigen gene cluster; ... Glycogen is a strongly branched polymer of α-D-glucose, with glucose residues in the linear chains linked by 1→4-bonds (~93% of ...
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY | unige.it
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Free Anatomy Flashcards about chemical basis life
Matter & Energy Browse - Page 7 | Britannica
Glycogen Glycogen, white, amorphous, tasteless polysaccharide (C6H1005)n. It is the principal form in which carbohydrate is ... Glycogen ... * Glycol Glycol, any of a class of organic compounds belonging to the alcohol family; in the molecule of a glycol ... see polysaccharide) and in carbohydrate-containing lipids ... ...
Chemistry Browse - Page 6 | Britannica
Glycogen Glycogen, white, amorphous, tasteless polysaccharide (C6H1005)n. It is the principal form in which carbohydrate is ... Glycogen ... * Glycol Glycol, any of a class of organic compounds belonging to the alcohol family; in the molecule of a glycol ... and muscle contraction and was the first to discover and link together all the steps involved in the conversion of glycogen to ... see polysaccharide) and in carbohydrate-containing lipids ... ...