Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
A type of MONOTERPENES, derived from geraniol. They have the general form of cyclopentanopyran, but in some cases, one of the rings is broken as in the case of secoiridoid. They are different from the similarly named iridals (TRITERPENES).
Thirteen-carbon butene cyclohexene degradation products formed by the cleavage of CAROTENOIDS. They contribute to the flavor of some FRUIT. Ionone should not be confused with the similarly named ionol.
A subclass of iridoid compounds that include a glucoside moiety, usually found at the C-1 position.
The Madder plant family of the order Rubiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida includes important medicinal plants that provide QUININE; IPECAC; and COFFEE. They have opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules.
A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.
An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.
A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
A cyanogenic glycoside found in the seeds of Rosaceae.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Members contain verbenachalcone (dimeric dihydrochalcone), iridoids, and phenylethanoids.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position.
Cyclohexane ring substituted by one or more ketones in any position.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE. Members contain chrysophanic acid, rhein, EMODIN, and other ANTHRAQUINONES. The roots were formerly used as PURGATIVES.
Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN); A toxic liquid or colorless gas. It is found in the smoke of various tobacco products and released by combustion of nitrogen-containing organic materials.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain bidensyneosides (polyacetylene glucosides).
The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.
The figwort plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by bisexual flowers with tubular corollas (fused petals) that are bilaterally symmetrical (two-lips) and have four stamens in most, two of which are usually shorter.
The yam plant family, of the order Liliales, has thick roots or tubers and net-veined, heart-shaped leaves that sometimes are lobed.
Herbaceous biennial plants and their edible bulbs, belonging to the Liliaceae.
A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
A group of 3-hydroxy-4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE, order Malvales, subclass Dilleniida. The common name of 'Mallow' may sometimes get confused with other plants.
A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. The species are slow growing coniferous evergreen trees or shrubs.
Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).
A class of phenolic acids related to chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, etc., which are found in plant tissues. It is involved in plant growth regulation.
5,7,4'-trihydroxy-flavone, one of the FLAVONES.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-flavone, one of the FLAVONES.
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain SESQUITERPENES. The common name of sweet coltsfoot is similar to the common name for TUSSILAGO.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and glucuronic acid. Also serves as a precursor of sucrose lipopolysaccharides, and glycosphingolipids.
A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Members contain secoiridoid glucosides and this is the source of oil of jasmine.
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The fruit is a large, egg-shaped berry, varying in color from dark purple to red, yellowish, or white. The leaves are large and ovate. The flowers are pendant, violet, and two inches across.
Organic compounds containing the -CN radical. The concept is distinguished from CYANIDES, which denotes inorganic salts of HYDROGEN CYANIDE.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The leaves are usually opposite and the flowers usually have four sepals, four petals, two stamens, and two fused carpels that form a single superior ovary.
Enzymes that hydrolyze O-glucosyl-compounds. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.2.1.-.
A group of degraded TRITERPENES in which the four terminal carbons of the C17 side chain have been removed, and the remaining portion often forming C17 furans.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are root parasites lacking CHLOROPHYLL.
A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A group of compounds which can be described as benzo-pyrano-furano-benzenes which can be formed from ISOFLAVONES by internal coupling of the B ring to the 4-ketone position. Members include medicarpin, phaseolin, and pisatin which are found in FABACEAE.
A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE that contains curculin and cycloartane saponins.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
Triterpenes that derive from LANOSTEROL by a shift of the C19 methyl to the C9 position. They are found in seeds and roots of CUCURBITACEAE and other plants and are noted for intense bitterness.
SESQUITERPENES cyclized into two adjoining cyclohexane rings but with a different configuration from the ARTEMISININS.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. This genus was formerly known as Tetragonolobus. The common name of lotus is also used for NYMPHAEA and NELUMBO.
Hydrocarbons with more than one triple bond; or an oxidized form of POLYENES. They can react with SULFUR to form THIOPHENES.
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
A plant family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves of Sterculiaceae are alternate and simple or palmately compound. Flowers have three to five sepals and five or no petals.
A family of glycosidases that hydrolyse crystalline CELLULOSE into soluble sugar molecules. Within this family there are a variety of enzyme subtypes with differing substrate specificities that must work together to bring about complete cellulose hydrolysis. They are found in structures called CELLULOSOMES.
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. Members contain bis-sesquiterpene and iridoid glucosides.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that contains cyasterone, ajugasterone, 20-hydroxyecdysone, 8-acetylharpagide (an iridoid glycoside).
Mildly aromatic herb in the Allium genus used in SPICES.
A beverage prepared from SOYBEANS.
Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
A plant genus of the family Apiaceae. The seeds are used as flavoring.
A group of FLAVONOIDS characterized with a 4-ketone.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.
A plant genus of the family MENISPERMACEAE. Members contain sinomenine, caffeine, 1,7-dimethylxanthine, and other ALKALOIDS.
A plant genus of the family Gentianaceae whose members contain SECOIRIDOIDS and have been used in TRADITIONAL MEDICINE for suppressing INFLAMMATION.
Derivatives of GLUCURONIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the 6-carboxy glucose structure.
Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.
A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Triterpenes and combretastatin have been identified in members of this genus.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
A plant family of the order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
A potent mycotoxin produced in feedstuffs by several species of the genus FUSARIUM. It elicits a severe inflammatory reaction in animals and has teratogenic effects.
A class of dibenzylbutane derivatives which occurs in higher plants and in fluids (bile, serum, urine, etc.) in man and other animals. These compounds, which have a potential anti-cancer role, can be synthesized in vitro by human fecal flora. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)

Single cell studies of enzymatic hydrolysis of a tetramethylrhodamine labeled triglucoside in yeast. (1/1610)

Several hundred molecules of enzyme reaction products were detected in a single spheroplast from yeast cells incubated with a tetramethylrhodamine (TMR) labeled triglucoside, alpha-d-Glc(1-->2)alpha-d-Glc(1-->3)alpha-d-Glc-O(CH2)8CONHCH2- CH2NH- COTMR. Product detection was accomplished using capillary electrophoresis and laser induced fluorescence following the introduction of a single spheroplast into the separation capillary. The in vivo enzymatic hydrolysis of the TMR-trisaccharide involves at least two enzymes, limited by processing alpha-glucosidase I, producing TMR-disaccharide, TMR-monosaccharide, and the free TMR-linking arm. Hydrolysis was reduced by preincubation of the cells with the processing enzyme inhibitor castanospermine. Confocal laser scanning microscopy studies confirmed the uptake and internalization of fluorescent substrate. This single cell analysis methodology can be applied for the in vivo assay of any enzyme with a fluorescent substrate.  (+info)

Determination of the anomeric configurations of Corbicula ceramide di- and trihexoside by chromium trioxide oxidation. (2/1610)

The anomeric configurations of Corbicula ceramide dihexoside and ceramide trihexoside were determined by chromium trioxide oxidation and the structures of these lipids were shown to be Man-beta(1 leads to 4)-Glc-beta(1 leads to 1)-ceramide and Man-alpha(1 leads to 4)-Man-beta(1 leads to 4)-Glc-beta(1 leads to 1)-ceramide. These results are compatible with those obtained by enzymic hydrolysis reported previously.  (+info)

Antioxidative and chelating activities of phenylpropanoid glycosides from Pedicularis striata. (3/1610)

AIM: To study the antioxidative and iron chelating activities of phenylpropanoid glycosides (PPG) isolated from a Chinese herb Pedicularis striata. METHODS: Antioxidative effects of PPG on lipid peroxidation induced by FeSO4-edetic acid in linoleic acid were measured by thiobarbituric acid method. Chelating activities of PPG for Fe2+ were tested by differential spectrum method. RESULTS: The reaction rates (A532.min-1) of lipid peroxidation were 0.0046 in the control, 0.0021 in verbascoside group, and 0.0008 in isoverbascoside group. The chelating activity of isoverbascoside was 2-fold stronger than that of verbascoside. Permethyl verbascoside showed neither antioxidative nor chelating activities. CONCLUSION: The inhibitory effects of PPG with phenolic hydroxy groups on lipid peroxidation are owing to their chelating properties. Under physiological condition PPG-Fe2+ chelates are sufficiently stable. Thus PPG are able to inhibit the Fe(2+)-dependent lipid peroxidation in vivo through chelating Fe2+ and exhibit their therapeutic potential by the same mechanism in vitro.  (+info)

Reduction of serum cholesterol and hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis in rabbits by secoisolariciresinol diglucoside isolated from flaxseed. (4/1610)

BACKGROUND: Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is a plant lignan isolated from flaxseed. Lignans are platelet-activating factor-receptor antagonists that would inhibit the production of oxygen radicals by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. SDG is an antioxidant. Antioxidants studied thus far are known to reduce hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of SDG on various blood lipid and aortic tissue oxidative stress parameters and on the development of atherosclerosis in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabbits were assigned to 4 groups: group 1, control; group 2, SDG control (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO); group 3, 1% cholesterol diet; and group 4, same as group 3 but with added SDG (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO). Blood samples were collected before (time 0) and after 4 and 8 weeks of experimental diets for measurement of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), and LDL, HDL, and VLDL cholesterol (LDL-C, HDL-C, and VLDL-C). The aorta was removed at the end of the protocol for assessment of atherosclerotic plaques; malondialdehyde, an aortic tissue lipid peroxidation product; and aortic tissue chemiluminescence, a marker for antioxidant reserve. Serum TC, LDL-C, and the ratios LDL-C/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C increased in groups 3 and 4 compared with time 0, the increase being smaller in group 4 than in group 3. Serum HDL-C decreased in group 3 and increased in group 4 compared with time 0, but changes were lower in group 3 than in group 4. SDG reduced TC and LDL-C by 33% and 35%, respectively, at week 8 but increased HDL-C significantly, by>140%, as early as week 4. It also decreased TC/LDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios by approximately 64%. There was an increase in aortic malondialdehyde and chemiluminescence in group 3, and they were lower in group 4 than in group 3. SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis by 73%. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis and that this effect was associated with a decrease in serum cholesterol, LDL-C, and lipid peroxidation product and an increase in HDL-C and antioxidant reserve.  (+info)

Comparative study of carbohydrate-protein complexes. II. Determination of hydroxylysine and its glycosides in human skin and scar collagens by an improved method. (5/1610)

A modification of the existing methods for measuring hydroxylysine, galactosylhydroxylysine, and glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysine is described. The method is based on analysis with an automated amino acid analyzer using a conventional separation system for basic amino acids. The prior removal of acidic and neutral amino acids was necessary. This was achieved by passing an alkaline hydrolysate of collagen through a column of Amberlite CG-120, Type II (H+) and washing the column with 8% aqueous pyridine. A basic fraction containing the hydroxylysine compounds was then recovered from the column by elution with 3 M NH4OH. Model experiments showed that hydroxylysine and its glycosides could be analyzed with an hour and that recoveries exceeded 90%. This method was applied to human tissues to investigate whether the dermal scar is different in collagen composition from normal skin. With the limited number of samples analyzed, the data suggested that long-standing scar tissues reverted to a composition similar to that of normal skin. The composition of hydroxylysine-linked carbohydrate units is also discussed on the basis of the age-related change.  (+info)

Latency of some glycosidases of rat liver lysosomes. (6/1610)

The latency of the alpha-glucosidase activity of intact rat liver lysosomes was studied by using four substrates (glycogen, maltose, p-nitrophenyl, alpha-glucoside, alpha-fluoroglucoside) at a range of substrate concentrations. The results indicate that the entire lysosome population is impermeable to glycogen and maltose, but a proportion of lysosomes are permeable to alpha-fluoroglucoside and a still higher proportion permeable to p-nitrophenyl alpha-glucoside. Incubation at 37 degrees C in an osmotically protected buffer of of pH 5.0 caused lysosomes to become permeable to previously impermeant substrates and ultimately to release their alpha-glucosidase into the medium. The latencies of lysosomal beta-glucosidase and beta-galactosidase were examined by using p-nitrophenyl beta-glucoside and beta-galactoside as substrates. The results indicate permeability properties to these substrates similar to that to p-nitrophenyl alpha-glucoside. On incubation in an osmotically protected buffer of pH 5, lysosomes progressively released their beta-galactosidase in soluble form, but beta-glucosidase remained attached to sedimentable material. Lysosomal beta-glucosidase was inhibited by 0.1% Triton X-100; alpha-glucosidase and beta-galactosidase were not inhibited.  (+info)

Elucidation of a PTS-carbohydrate chemotactic signal pathway in Escherichia coli using a time-resolved behavioral assay. (7/1610)

Chemotaxis of Escherichia coli toward phosphotransferase systems (PTSs)-carbohydrates requires phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent PTSs as well as the chemotaxis response regulator CheY and its kinase, CheA. Responses initiated by flash photorelease of a PTS substrates D-glucose and its nonmetabolizable analog methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside were measured with 33-ms time resolution using computer-assisted motion analysis. This, together with chemotactic mutants, has allowed us to map out and characterize the PTS chemotactic signal pathway. The responses were absent in mutants lacking the general PTS enzymes EI or HPr, elevated in PTS transport mutants, retarded in mutants lacking CheZ, a catalyst of CheY autodephosphorylation, and severely reduced in mutants with impaired methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein (MCP) signaling activity. Response kinetics were comparable to those triggered by MCP attractant ligands over most of the response range, the most rapid being 11.7 +/- 3.1 s-1. The response threshold was <10 nM for glucose. Responses to methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside had a higher threshold, commensurate with a lower PTS affinity, but were otherwise kinetically indistinguishable. These facts provide evidence for a single pathway in which the PTS chemotactic signal is relayed rapidly to MCP-CheW-CheA signaling complexes that effect subsequent amplification and slower CheY dephosphorylation. The high sensitivity indicates that this signal is generated by transport-induced dephosphorylation of the PTS rather than phosphoenolpyruvate consumption.  (+info)

Effects of endotoxin on surfactant protein A and D stimulation of NO production by alveolar macrophages. (8/1610)

Surfactant protein (SP) A and SP-D affect numerous functions of immune cells including enhancing phagocytosis of bacteria and production of reactive species. Previous studies have shown that SP-A and SP-D bind to a variety of bacteria and to the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) components of their cell walls. In addition, purified preparations of SPs often contain endotoxin. The goals of this study were 1) to evaluate the effects of SP-A and SP-D and complexes of SPs and LPS on the production of nitric oxide metabolites by rat alveolar macrophages and 2) to evaluate methods for the removal of endotoxin with optimal recovery of SP. Incubation of SP-A or SP-D with polymyxin, 100 mM N-octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and 2 mM EDTA followed by dialysis was the most effective method of those tested for reducing endotoxin levels. Commonly used storage buffers for SP-D, but not for SP-A, inhibited the detection of endotoxin. There was a correlation between the endotoxin content of the SP-A and SP-D preparations and their ability to stimulate production of nitrite by alveolar macrophages. SP-A and SP-D treated as described above to remove endotoxin did not stimulate nitrite production. These studies suggest that the functions of SP-A and SP-D are affected by endotoxin and illustrate the importance of monitoring SP preparations for endotoxin contamination.  (+info)

Title:Effects of Tetrahydroxystilbene Glucoside on Liver P450 Enzym e Expressions in Lipopolysaccharide-induced Dopamine Neuronal Dama ge Rats. VOLUME: 14 ISSUE: 8. Author(s):Guo-Qing Wang, Yan-Zhen Zhou, Jia-Wei Tian, Jing-Shan Shi, Jie Liu and Feng Zhang*. Affiliation:Key Lab of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000, Department of Ear-Nose-Throat Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000, Key Lab of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000, Key Lab of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000, Key Lab of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000, Key Lab of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, 201 Dalian Road, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000. Keywords:Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside, rat liver, dopaminergic neuronal damage, ...
EN] Experimental study of the kinetic behavior and the equilibrium state of foam films formed from mixed aqueous solutions of bovine serum albumin and n-dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside; using data from it for the evaluation of co-adsorption of BSA on the film phase boundaries and utterance hypothesis of the composition of the films. The aim of the present study was implemented through the following tasks: • to study the interaction between albumin and n-dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside in mixed solutions with two independent methods; • to test the surface activity of the individual solution of BSA, C12G2 and their mixed solutions with different molar ratio between the components in them; • to determine the thickness and composition of the adsorption layers formed from solutions of BSA, C12G2 or their mixed solutions, by atomic force microscopy; • to register the evolutions (from formation of the film to its equilibrium state) of the foam films from solutions of BSA, C12G2 or their mixed solutions by a ...
glucosides Definition, glucosides Best Plays of glucosides in Scrabble® and Words With Friends, Length tables of words in glucosides, Word growth of glucosides, Sequences of glucosides
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Decyl glucoside also known as Polyglycose, AlkylPolyglucoside, or APG, Decyl Glucoside are versatile mild cosmetic detergents / emulsifiers
Cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G) is a water-soluble plant compound that is part of the anthocyanins category. It plays an active role in producing the dark color pigments in a variety of fruits and flowers. This natural substance is primarily sourced from fruits and vegetable with dark skins such as purple potatoes, blueberries, plums, blackcurrants, and black rice. Most people already get a certain amount of cyanidin 3-glucoside in their diet, but this is usually at a negligible amount. It is possible to increase the intake of this substance by making a change in the diet or taking it in supplement form. Here are seven of the potential health benefits for increasing the intake of cyanidin 3-glucoside: Antioxidant The rich antioxidant content of this compound helps the body neutralize the build up of free radicals. Free radicals develop when oxygen is able to interact with specific molecules. By neutralizing the free radical damage, it is possible to minimize the risk of serious disease such as ...
Bacteria are ubiquitous in all ecosystems and are often challenged by multiple stresses such as extreme temperatures, high salt concentrations, nutrient limitation, pH variations, radiation, predation and the presence of ...
hi Susan. Thanks for your post on decyl glucoside. I must admit that I have tried many surfactants and no matter what I tried, it seems as decyl glucoside wins.I put it in my product at a low percentage and it does not irritate my scalp and my hair is less tangled. I am African American with very dry hair. After trying all recipes, I am sticking with decyl glucoside only. I even notice that flakes are gone using this only surfactant. I use regular guar gum to thicken and it works very well. On another note: I also agree with your that you must, must try the successful formulas in order to find out what to change. As in the Chemist corner, after you have tried the successful formula, you can start the process of elimination to see what you can remove. It is very important to understand the reasons of adding an ingredient. I have been making my own products for 3 years now and still enjoy learning new things. ...
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This MassBank Record with Accession PN000025 contains the MS2 mass spectrum of 2Hydroxygenistein C-glucoside malonylated with the compound class Natural Product. The mass spectrum was acquired on a ESI-TOF with NEGATIVE ionisation with the collision energy 25 eV at a resolution of null and has the SPLASH splash10-004i-0009000000-5403265019bc99a1aaf4.
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63128-03-0 - ZPRMOHBDLQWNHY-ZJVJEXGISA-M - alpha-D-Glucopyranoside, beta-D-fructofuranosyl, mono(2-(((tributylstannyl)oxy)carbonyl)benzoate) - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
After splitting of the glucoside with luizyme, it was possible to isolate (Delta 5-pregnenol-(3 beta)-one-(20) and 5 alpha-pregnanol-(3 beta)-one-(20), and also beta-sitosterol, from a methanolic uzara-root extract. (Author)*Glycosides
Low hazard for health. Plant derived, biodegradable and suitable for greywater and septic tanks.. A sugar-based plant derived surfactant used to solubilize oils into water and other ingredients which typically are not capable of mixing. It is obtained from renewable raw materials of vegetable origin. Capryly and Capryl are names to describe fatty acid molecules of different length. 8 carbons long for Caprylyl and 10 for Capryl. The glucoside part of its name means that a glucose molecule is attached to these fatty acids.. ...
Global Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucoside (AA2G) market report 2017 provides analysis based on vendors, types, applications and presents upcoming industry trends.
96627-12-2 - PTKNECMMKRDZEG-KHMFPJBWSA-N - Isoscutellarein-7-O-(allosyl(1-2)glucoside) - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Two new phenolic glucosides, 1-O-benzyl-6-O-E-caffeoyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside and 1-O-(7S,8R)-guaiacylglycerol-(6-O-E-caffeoyl)-beta-d-glucopyranoside, were ...
[2H5]trans-ZEATIN-7-GLUCOSIDE (D-tZ7G) [6-[2H5]((E)-4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enylamino)-7-β-D-glucopyranosylpurine] 反式 - 壳聚糖-7-葡萄糖苷(D-tZ7G)[6 - [2 H] H 5 - [反式 - ((E)-4-羟基-3-甲基丁-2-烯基氨基)-7-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖基嘌呤]
Zearalenone-14-|i|O|/i|-β-glucoside Analytical standard, reference material, CAS Number: 105088-14-0,(R1442 Fluka).Shop now or request a quote.
Buy The Ordinary by Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% 30ml from our Skin Care range - Anti-Ageing, Uneven Skin Tone/Texture - @ JML
Benzocaine glucoside/AFI28315506 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and services.
ASCORBYL GLUCOSIDE. produs obtinut prin condensarea acidului ascorbic cu glucoza.Poate reduce radicalii liberi care rezulta de la iradierea UV a pielii si reduce semnificativ deteriorarea celulelor si previne fotoimbatranirea. De asemenea, promoveaza sinteza de colagen. Colagenul este o proteina care...
China Decyl Glucoside CAS 68515-73-1 - manufacturer, supplier. Quality assured with certificates and reports. Sample available. Good price. Get quotes now!
Für die künstliche Bereitung der Glucoside sind zwei Methoden bekannt. Die erste, von Michael gefundene beruht auf der Wechselwirkung zwischen Phenol und Acetochlorglucose in alkalisch-alkoholischer...
Alfala Maisa 在《Dermatitis》雜誌2017年發表 Alkyl Glucosides 綜述文章,摘要闡述道:Decyl glucoside was found to be a hidden allergen in thesunscreen ingredient Tinosorb M and is likely responsible for most allergiccontact dermatitis reported to this compound. Members of the North AmericanContact Dermatitis Group have seen a steady increase of the rate ofsensitization to decyl glucoside.意思是之前多篇文章研究發現,在防曬劑原料Tinosorb M裏面的癸基葡萄糖苷是一個隱藏的過敏原,可能應該為許多接觸性皮炎負責。北美地區對於癸基葡萄糖苷的接觸性皮炎率正在穩步增加。 ...
diospyrodin (beta-1C-(1S*,2R*,3R*,4S*-1,2,3,4,5-pentahydroxypentyl)-glucopyranoside): structure in first source
Creative-Proteomics offer cas 709-50-2 methyl β-D-[3-2H]glucopyranoside. We are specialized in manufacturing Stabel Isotope Labeled Analytical Standard products.
Actually, you may use protein supplements Organifi Complete Protein to produce a sweet treat a bit healthier. It is generally known to be an entire protein ha…
ALB Technology Limited provides 2,3,5,4-tetrahydroxyl diphenylethylene-2-O-glucoside | CAS Number: 82373-94-2 at competitive price. | Reference Standard., ALB-RS-0092, 2,3,5,4-tetrahydroxyl diphenylethylene-2-O-glucoside, 82373-94-2,
Anatrace is committed to developing the industrys finest high-purity detergents and lipids - and equally committed to the high standards that make it possible.
Anatrace is committed to developing the industrys finest high-purity detergents and lipids - and equally committed to the high standards that make it possible.
This sugar is provided for use as an inhibitor of lectin-conjugate binding or for eluting glycoproteins or other glycoconjugates from columns of agarose lectins.
About the ratings: EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any ...
Koncentrirana emulzija, ki cilja na znake preobčutljivosti, nelagodja in razdraženosti. Serum odpravlja rdečico, srbečico in razdraženost, hkrati pa lajša žgoč občutek na koži. Formula je prijazna do integritete kože ter podpira vlaženje, kožno bariero ter splošno dermalno obnovo. AKTIVNE TEHNOLOGIJE Bioaktivni glukozi
datiscin definition: A white crystalline glucoside extracted from the bastard hemp Datisca cannabina; A white crystalline glucoside obtained from the bastard hemp (Datisca cannabina).; A substance (C21H22O12)…
ChemFaces is Reference Standard and high-purity Natural Products Manufacturer of Isomucronulatol 7-O-glucoside(CFN93256) CAS no.:94367-43-8
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Octyl 2-aminoacetate hydrochloride; CAS Number: 39540-30-2; Linear Formula: C10H22ClNO2; find Ambeed, Inc.-AMBH2D6EDD78 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich
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(3S)-3-acetamido-4-amino-4-oxobutanoic acid 60803-67-0 MSDS report, (3S)-3-acetamido-4-amino-4-oxobutanoic acid MSDS safety technical specifications search, (3S)-3-acetamido-4-amino-4-oxobutanoic acid safety information specifications ect.
Glycosylation plays a major role in the chemical diversity of flavonoids. The wide diversity of the family-1 glycosyltransferase (UGT) impairs the determination of the biochemical function solely from its primary sequence. Here we combined differential expression and target metabolomic analysis in various Crocus species to identify a gene that is key in determining the flavonoid composition of Crocus species that belong to the Crocus series. UGT703B1 recognizes isorhamnetin and kaempferol as substrates in vitro. In addition, UGT703B1 expression was found to be highly correlated with the presence of kaempferol 7-O-biglucoside-3-O-β-glucoside and isorhamnetin-3,7-O-diglucoside. These flavonols were present in C. sativus and C. cartwrightianusalbus, both from series Crocus but absent in Crocus species from the other series analyzed. Further, the presence of both flavonols was associated with the expression of UGT703B1, and this expression was correlated with the presence of the UGT703B1 coding ...
Recital Wizard - We all know how much planning goes into making the perfect recital. The Department does not currently employ contract interrogators, empagliflozin tablet uses but in the event the Secretary of Defense grants a waiver, the contract interrogators would have to be properly trained and certified to DoD standards and monitored by trained and certified DoD interrogators. Diese Zeit kann noch weiter durch die Einnahme einer Pille auf nüchternen Magen reduziert werden! Enjoy our refreshing outdoor pool with its beautiful landscaped surroundings! Precipitation of acyclovir in renal tubules may occur when the solubility (25 mg/mL) is exceeded in the intratubular fluid. Whether its vintage or pastel or taupe or Victorian, empagliflozin in ckd we have decorative items for every theme? I had no appetite and lost all interest in even having a glass of wine! Recent advances revealed that this drug, empagliflozin and janumet in addition to its glucose-lowering action, might be promising for ...
Synonyms for glucoside in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for glucoside. 3 words related to glucoside: glycoside, amygdalin, saponin. What are synonyms for glucoside?
Objective: To evaluate the safety of dapagliflozin for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A systematic search of Pubmed, Embase, Cochrance Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP database for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing dapagliflozin with placebo was performed up to February 2018. The index words included dapagliflozin, type 2 diabetes mellitus and randomized controlled trial. Results: A total of 19 RCTs involving 7704 participants were incorporated into the study. Compared with placebo, dapagliflozin did not increase the risk of hypoglycemia [OR = 1.14, 95%CI (0.95, 1.36), P = 0.17] and hypotension [OR = 1.43, 95%CI (0.94, 2.17), P = 0.10], but significantly increased the incidences of renal adverse events [OR = 1.57, 95%CI (1.17, 2.09), P = 0.002], genital tract infection [OR = 3.65, 95%CI (2.93, 4.56), P < 0.00001] and urinary tract infection [OR = 1.36, 95%CI (1.15, 1.61), P = 0.0004] and related doses. Conclusions: Generally, dapagliflozin had no risk of
Over 52 weeks, dapagliflozin led to improvements in glycemic control and weight loss in patients with type 1 diabetes, while increasing the risk of DKA. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the long-term safety and efficacy of dapagliflozin as an adjunct to adjustable insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes and inadequate glycemic control. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS DEPICT-1 (Dapagliflozin Evaluation in Patients With Inadequately Controlled Type 1 Diabetes) was a randomized (1:1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 study of dapagliflozin 5 mg and 10 mg in patients with type 1 diabetes (HbA1c 7.5-10.5% [58-91 mmol/mol]) (NCT02268214). The results of the 52-week study, consisting of the 24-week short-term and 28-week extension period, are reported here. RESULTS Of the 833 patients randomized into the study, 708 (85%) completed the 52-week study. Over 52 weeks, dapagliflozin 5 mg and 10 mg led to clinically significant reductions in HbA1c (difference vs. placebo [95% CI] −0.33% [−0.49, −0.17] [
The EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial reported that empagliflozin exerted cardiovascular benefits which did not depend on its effects on blood glucose. This observation led to the hypothesis that empagliflozin exerted an effect on the myocardium independent of its inhibition of SGLT2 in the kidneys, thereby benefiting HF patients (6). The exact mechanism remains unknown, but it was postulated to have a direct action on the heart. The present study used artificial intelligence and machine learning, further validated in an in vivo animal model, to investigate whether empagliflozin could exert direct effects on the heart and whether these effects were the same for patients with and without DM.. This study has 2 main findings. First, these results validate the fact that empagliflozin interacts with the cardiac Na+/H+ exchanger NHE1 directly and identifies a mechanistic pathway acting primarily by reducing cardiomyocyte cell death, the main effector of its cardioprotective effects. Indeed, the activity of ...
U.S., Jan. 30 -- registry received information related to the study (NCT03030222) titled Empagliflozin Impact on Hemodynamics in Patients With Diabetes and Heart Failure on Jan. 20. Brief Summary: The primary purpose of this trial is to evaluate the impact of empagliflozin, as compared with placebo, on hemodynamic parameters (pulmonary artery diastolic pressure) in patients with type 2 diabetes and heart failure (reduced or preserved ejection fraction, ischemic or non-ischemic etiology) who already have a CardioMEMs device implanted for non-study related clinical reasons. Study Start Date: Study Type: Interventional Condition: Heart Failure Intervention: Drug: Empagliflozin 10Mg Tab Empagliflozin 10Mg Tab Other Name: Jardiance Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet Empagliflozin matching placebo Other Name: Placebo Recruitment Status: Not yet recruiting Sponsor: Saint Lukes Health System Information provided by (Responsible Party): Saint Lukes Health System ...
(7R,8S)-4,9,9-trihydroxyl-3-methoxyl-7,8-dihydrobenzofuran-1-propylneolignan-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside: from Rabdosia lophanthoides; structure in first source
Ipragliflozin (INN, trade names Suglat) is a pharmaceutical drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Ipragliflozin, jointly developed by Astellas Pharma and Kotobuki Pharmaceutical, was approved in Japan on January 17, 2014. Ipragliflozin is a Sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor (gliflozin). These membrane proteins are on the cell surface and transfer glucose into the cells. SGLT2 is one subtype of SGLTs and plays a key role in the reuptake of glucose in the proximal tubule of the kidneys. Ipragliflozin reduces blood glucose levels by inhibiting the reuptake of glucose by selectively inhibiting SGLT2. The efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin were both observed in a Phase III study in monotherapy and clinical studies used in combination with other hypoglycemic agents (6 types) in Japan. One placebo-controlled, double-blind study was carried out at 18 different sites in Korea and 12 in Taiwan. Patients were above 20 and had type 2 diabetes for atlas 12 weeks. They were given an 8-week ...
The Aloe Glucoside Market report gives a purposeful depiction of the area by the practice for research, amalgamation, and review of data taken from various sources. The market analysts have displayed the different sidelines of the area with a point on recognizing the top players (Terry Laboratories, Aloecorp, Lily of the Desert, Aloe Farms, Evergreen, Yuensun, Changyue, Yongyuan Bio-Tech, HuaTai Bio-fine chemical) of the industry. The Aloe Glucoside market report correspondingly joins a predefined business market from a SWOT investigation of the real players. Thus, the data summarized out is, no matter how you look at it is, reliable and the result of expansive research.. This report mulls over Aloe Glucoside showcase on the classification, for instance, application, concords, innovations, income, improvement rate, import, and others (Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals) in the estimated time from 2019-2025 on a global stage. In like manner, the overall Aloe Glucoside market report reveals knowledge ...
Dapagliflozin generic Dapagliflozin is a sodium - glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2) which is prescribed to lower the blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Dapagliflozin is usually given along with diet and exercise. The drug mainly acts by causing the kidneys to get rid of glucose in the urine.
Lauryl glucoside is a surfactant used in cosmetics. It is a glycoside produced from glucose and lauryl alcohol. Decyl glucoside Octyl glucoside n-Dodecyl β-D-glucopyranoside at Sigma- ...
This 104-week study represents the longest active-controlled follow-up of individuals receiving canagliflozin treatment to date, extending findings from the previously reported 52-week core period of this study (12) to allow for longer-term evaluation of efficacy and safety. Treatment with canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg provided durable glycemic improvements in patients with type 2 diabetes on background metformin therapy over 104 weeks; reductions in body weight and systolic BP were seen with canagliflozin compared with glimepiride treatment. Canagliflozin was generally well tolerated over 104 weeks, with higher incidences of genital mycotic infections, UTIs, and AEs related to osmotic diuresis that were generally mild to moderate in intensity and infrequently led to discontinuation. A lower proportion of patients experienced documented hypoglycemia episodes in the canagliflozin groups than in the glimepiride group.. At 52 weeks, canagliflozin 100 and 300 mg demonstrated noninferiority to ...
Methods Healthy SD 40 male rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): control group, acute exhaustived exercise group, salidroside group, salidroside and acute exhaustived exercise group. The control and acute exhaustive exercise group were given 0.9%Nacl (12ml·kg-1·d-1) for 14 consecutive days. The salidroside group and salidroside and acute exhaustived exercise group were given salidroside (24mg·kg-1·d-1)for 14 consecutive days. Acute exhaustive rat model were prepared by exhaustive swimming in pool. Western blot was used to detect the expression of ERK, p- ERK, P38and p-P38protein.. ...
BUFFALO, N.Y. - A majority of patients with Type 1 diabetes who were treated with dapagliflozin, a Type 2 diabetes medicine, had a significant decline in their blood sugar levels, according to a new study published published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology. The results are being presented today by the University at Buffalo researcher who led the study at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Lisbon.. Called DEPICT-1, which stands for Dapagliflozin in Patients with Inadequately Controlled Type 1 diabetes, the 24-week study was the first global multicenter investigation of dapagliflozin to test its efficacy and safety in Type 1 diabetes. The double-blind, randomized, three-arm, phase 3 multicenter study was conducted at 143 sites in 17 countries, including the U.S. It was funded by AstraZeneca and Bristol-Myers Squibb, the companies that partnered to develop dapagliflozin.. Participants were 833 patients aged 18-75 who had inadequately controlled ...
Chemical investigation of the ethanol extract of the aerial parts of Hydrangea macrophylla collected in the Sichuan Province of China resulted in the isolation of two new cyanogenic glucosides. Their structures were elucidated as [(2R)-2-(b-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-2-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)] acetonitrile (1) and {(2R)-2-[a-D-glucopyranosyl(1®6)b-D-glucopyranosyloxy]-2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-phenyl)}acetonitrile (2) on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis (1D, 2D NMR and HRESIMS) and chemical studies.
The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of two doses (high and low) of empagliflozin as add-on therapy to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and insufficient glycaemic control. Both doses may be given once daily or split to a twice daily dosage. This results in 4 different dosage regimens of empagliflozin (high dose once daily or split vs. low dose once daily or split). This is done to evaluate whether a twice daily dose regimen of empagliflozin results in a loss of efficacy relative to once daily dosing when given on top of metformin background therapy ...
The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of two doses (high and low) of empagliflozin as add-on therapy to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and insufficient glycaemic control. Both doses may be given once daily or split to a twice daily dosage. This results in 4 different dosage regimens of empagliflozin (high dose once daily or split vs. low dose once daily or split). This is done to evaluate whether a twice daily dose regimen of empagliflozin results in a loss of efficacy relative to once daily dosing when given on top of metformin background therapy ...
Jardiance (empagliflozin) is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Empagliflozin works by helping the kidneys get rid of glucose from your bloodstream. Jardiance is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Jardiance is also used to lower the risk of death from heart attack, stroke, or heart failure in adults with type 2 diabetes who also have heart disease. Jardiance is not for treating type 1 diabetes.. Generic Jardiance (Empagliflozin 10/25mg) $ 5.50 pill - Diabetes @ Fildena|Cenforce|Tadalista|Vidalista-UPD:2020. Cheap price on popular Indian brand names such as: Fildena, Cenforce, Vidalista, Tadalista and more! Full satisfaction of all Your desires :)
Clinical trials with dapagliflozin are the most advanced of the SGLT2 inhibitors and two phase III trials have been completed.25,26 In a 14-day study, dapagliflozin (5, 25, and 100mg/day) caused glucosuria (37, 62, and 80g/24 hours, respectively) and significantly decreased the fasting plasma glucose concentration (by 19, 29, and 39mg/dl, respectively) and the incremental area under the glucose curve during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in subjects with type 2 diabetes.27 In humans, dapagliflozin has a T½ of ~17-18 hours, making it suitable for once-daily administration.28 Dapagliflozin is rapidly absorbed after oral administration, achieving maximal plasma concentrations within two hours. Dapagliflozin is highly protein-bound (97-98%) and renal excretion is low (2-4%). An inert glucuronide conjugate (M15) of dapagliflozin is the major metabolite and dapagliflozin does not inhibit or induce P450 enzymes.. More prolonged treatment (12 weeks) with dapagliflozin reduced HbA1c by ~0.7% ...
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of glucosylglycerate (GG) to glycerate and glucose (PubMed:25341489, PubMed:31316802). Involved in recovery from nitrogen starvation by promoting the rapid mobilization of the glucosylglycerate that accumulates under these conditions (PubMed:25341489). Can also hydrolyze mannosylglycerate (MG), with tenfold lower efficiency (PubMed:31316802).
Orientin is a C-glycosyl flavonoid found abundantly in some fruits and herbs. The present study demonstrated that orientin (50 and 100 mg/kg/d) alleviated the severity of dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice by decreasing the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and the production of cytokines. Concomitant up-regulation of toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 after DSS exposure was associated with an increase in the activation of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), IL-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-1, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) p65, as well as the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) molecules (ERK1/2, JNK and p38), and this upregulation was reversed by orientin administration. Moreover, orientin inhibited the nuclear translocation of NF-kB p65, the activity of NF-kB-luciferase, and the expression of NF-kB target genes. These findings suggest that orientin attenuates experimental inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) via suppression of TLR4 and inactivation of NF-kB and MAPK ...
Cyanidin 3-glucoside Cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G) which belongs to Anthocyanin is more contained in Black soybean seed coats than in wine or blueberry. The
Dapagliflozin(BMS512148) is a selective, orally active inhibitor of the renal sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 (SGLT2) is in development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Buy SGLT inhibitor Dapagliflozin ((2S)-1,2-propanediol, hydrate) from AbMole BioScience.
Product Specification: Salidroside 1%-10%; Rosavins 5%, Salidroside 1% Rosavins 3%, Salidroside 1% Rosavin 5%, Salidroside 1% Latin Name: Rhodiola Rosea Part of the Plant Used : Root Active i…
Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) won FDA approval for use for patients with chronic kidney disease who are at risk of disease progression. The oral tablets showed efficacy in a multicenter, double-blind study for the improvement of kidney outcomes and reduction of cardiovascular death in this patient population.. In this study, 4,304 patients were randomly assigned to receive either [dapagliflozin] or a placebo, the FDA noted in a statement. The study compared the two groups for the number of patients whose disease progressed to a composite (or combined) endpoint that included at least a 50% reduction in kidney function, progression to kidney failure, or cardiovascular or kidney death. Results showed that 197 of the 2,152 patients who received [dapagliflozin] had at least one of the composite endpoint events compared to 312 of the 2,152 patients who received a placebo. The study also compared the two groups for the number of patients who were hospitalized for heart failure or died from cardiovascular ...
tr:B2VKZ2_ERWT9] bglA; BglA protein, 6-phospho-beta-glucosidase (involved in beta-glucoside utilization); K01223 6-phospho-beta-glucosidase [EC:] ...
4-((4-(Aminosulfonyl)phenyl)amino)-4-oxobutanoic acid monoammonium salt | C10H15N3O5S | CID 60587 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
4-Amino-3-hydroxy-2-morpholin-4-yl-4-oxobutanoic acid | C8H14N2O5 | CID 70525005 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
4-[(2-Fluoro-5-methylphenyl)amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid/AFI904766638 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and services.
Canagliflozin is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.get complete information about canagliflozin including usage, side effects, drug interaction, expert advice along with medicines associated with canagliflozin at
Many important food crops produce cyanogenic glucosides as natural defense compounds to protect against herbivory or pathogen attack. It has also been suggested that these nitrogen-based secondary metabolites act as storage reserves of nitrogen. In sorghum, three key genes, CYP79A1, CYP71E1 and UGT85B1, encode two Cytochrome P450s and a glycosyltransferase, respectively, the enzymes essential for synthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin. Here, we report the use of targeted induced local lesions in genomes (TILLING) to identify a line with a mutation resulting in a premature stop codon in the N-terminal region of UGT85B1. Plants homozygous for this mutation do not produce dhurrin and are designated tcd2 (totally cyanide deficient 2) mutants. They have reduced vigor, being dwarfed, with poor root development and low fertility. Analysis using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) shows that tcd2 mutants accumulate numerous dhurrin pathway-derived metabolites, some of which are ...
摘要. 第二型糖尿病的特徵是高血糖、胰島素阻抗、胰島素分泌異常,治療的目標是預防或延緩併發症並維持生活品質。美國糖尿病與歐洲糖尿病協會於2018年更新了關於第二型糖尿病管理的聲明,建議在慢性腎臟疾病、心臟衰竭、動脈粥狀硬化的心血管疾病病人使用 SGLT-2i (Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor) 是有益的。評估 SGLT-2i 對心血管影響的隨機雙盲臨床試驗:在併有心血管疾病或心血管疾病風險的第二型糖尿病患者,使用 empagliflozin 及 canagliflozin 與安慰劑相比顯示降低主要不良心血管事件,而 dapagliflozin 顯示則無差異。文內同時分析觀察性研究結果。再者糖尿病是引起慢性腎臟疾病的風險因子,本主題將論述 ...
Get radiant results when you use The Ordinary Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12%, a topical vitamin C treatment that brightens dull skin tones. For those looking for a visibly brighter complexion, the Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% is a light ser
Get radiant results when you use The Ordinary Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12%, a topical vitamin C treatment that brightens dull skin tones. For those looking for a visibly brighter complexion, the Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% is a light ser
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Quercetin 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-(1-,2)-beta-D-glucoside; Baimaside; QUOSP; Quercetin 3-beta-D-sophoroside; Quercetin-3-O-sophoroside; C12667 ...
The primary focus of our research has been to understand the different survival strategies adopted by microorganisms in their natural habitats. In this context, the evolutionary significance of bacteria maintaining a set of genes that are apparently silent and uninducible has been examined using the beta-glucoside utilization (bgl) genes of Escherichia coli and related microorganisms as an experimental paradigm. These studies have shown that the global regulators, DNA Gyrase, H-NS, CRP-cAMP and RpoS are involved in their regulation, suggesting that conditions that alter these factors may result in transient expression of the bgl genes. Recent investigations have focused on the possible role of the bgl genes in stationary phase. These studies have shown that mutations that activate the bgl genes confer a Growth Advantage in Stationary Phase (GASP) phenotype to the cell and accumulate in bacterial cultures subjected to prolonged starvation. We have recently demonstrated the involvement of the bgl ...
PARIS — Treatment with the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin reduced risk for worsening HF and CV death when added to standard therapy in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction, regardless of diabetes status, according to results of the DAPA-HF trial.Data presented today at the European Society of Cardiology Congress suggest that the benefits of dapagliflozin (Farxiga, AstraZeneca)
SGLT2抑制劑透過抑制腎臟近端腎小管的葡萄糖再吸收機制,達到排糖效果。除了降糖外,也有減重與降血壓效果。SGLT2抑制劑全部都是口服劑型,目前已上市的皆是一天一顆的劑型。目前已知Empagliflozin和Canagliflozin有減少整體心血管事件風險,減少心衰竭住院,減少腎病變發生以及腎病變惡化的好處。而Dapagliflozin在心血管的研究報告要等到11月份美國心臟年會的年會才會發表。. 雖然在過去的心血管實驗中,在eGFR>30以上都顯示出有保護心血管以及腎臟好處。但是目前這些藥物的適應症多半在eGFR>45以上。在台灣,目前Empagliflozin和Canagliflozin建議在eGFR>45以上使用,Dapagliflozin建議在eGFR>60以上使用。. SGLT2抑制劑容易引起生殖器黴菌感染,也有酮酸中毒的罕見個案報告。近期美國FDA和台灣食藥署也發布這類藥物有可能引起罕見的會陰部壞死性筋膜炎Fourniers ...
Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic treatment with empagliflozin, a potent and selective SGLT-2 inhibitor, in a murine model of diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance, focusing on drug effects on body weight reduction and NLRP-3 inflammasome activation, which has never been investigated so far. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed control or a High Fat High Sugar (HFHS) diet for 4 months. Over the last 2 months, subsets of animals were treated with empagliflozin (1-10 mg/kg) added to the diet. Empagliflozin evoked body weight reduction (p,0.001 for the highest dose) and positive effects on fasting glycaemia and HOMA IR index. In addition, the drug was able to reduce renal tubular damage and liver triglycerides level in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, empagliflozin also decreased cardiac lipid accumulation. Moreover, diet-induced activation of NLRP-3 in kidney and liver (not observed in the heart) was dose-dependently attenuated by empagliflozin. Our results clearly ...
Empagliflozin (BI 10773) is a selective, potent and dose-depentent inhibitor of SGLT-2(sodium glucose cotransporter-2) with IC50 values of 3.1 nM, 8300 nM, 11000 nM, 1100
Objective: Dapagliflozin, a novel inhibitor of renal sodium-glucose co-transporter 2, allows an insulin-independent approach to improve type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) hyperglycemia. This multipledose study evaluated safety and efficacy of dapagliflozin in T2DM patients.. Research Design and Methods: T2DM patients were randomized to one of five dapagliflozin doses, metformin XR, or placebo for 12 weeks. The primary objective compared mean change from baseline in glycated hemoglobin (A1C). Other objectives included change in fasting plasma glucose (FPG), weight, adverse events, and laboratory measurements.. Results: After 12 weeks, dapagliflozin induced moderate glucosuria (52-85 g urinary glucose/day) and demonstrated significant glycemic improvements versus placebo (ΔA1C, −0.55 to −0.90%; ΔFPG, −16 to −31 mg/dl). Weight loss versus placebo was −1.3 to −2.0 kg. There was no change in renal function. Serum uric acid decreased, serum magnesium increased, serum phosphate increased at ...
-- In a two-year study, empagliflozin as add-on to metformin demonstrated significantly greater decreases in A1C (blood glucose), body weight and blood pressure compared with glimepiride as add-on
A glucoside is a glycoside that is derived from glucose. Glucosides are common in plants, but rare in animals. Glucose is ... Benzoyl-beta-D-glucoside is a compound found in Pteris ensiformis. Phenol derivatives There are a number of glucosides found in ... and in some cases the preparation of the synthetic glucoside effected. The simplest glucosides are the alkyl ethers which have ... Classification of the glucosides is a matter of some intricacy. One method based on the chemical constitution of the non- ...
Für die künstliche Bereitung der Glucoside sind zwei Methoden bekannt. Die erste, von Michael gefundene beruht auf der ... Für die künstliche Bereitung der Glucoside sind zwei Methoden bekannt. Die erste, von Michael gefundene beruht auf der ... Fischer E., Raske K. (1922) Synthese einiger Glucoside. In: Bergmann M. (eds) Untersuchungen Über Kohlenhydrate und Fermente II ...
Catechin glucoside may refer to: Catechin-3-O-glucoside Catechin-3-O-glucoside Catechin-4-O-glucoside Catechin-5-O-glucoside ... Catechin-7-O-glucoside This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. If an internal link ...
CHEBI:80135 - 1-Hydroxy-gamma-carotene glucoside. Main. ChEBI Ontology. Automatic Xrefs. Reactions. Pathways. Models. ... 1-Hydroxy-gamma-carotene glucoside (CHEBI:80135) is a xanthophyll (CHEBI:27325) ...
About DECYL GLUCOSIDE: Decyl glucoside is a glucose-based surfactant commonly used in shampoos and body washes.. Function(s): ... Synonym(s): B-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE, DECYL-; D-GLUCOSIDE, DECYL; DECYL D-GLUCOSIDE; DECYL- B-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE; DECYL-B -D- ...
... 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-chromen-4-one glucoside
amine oxide, alkyl glucoside, surfactants, agrochemical formulations, synergies, fertilizers, electrolytes. Author Information: ... The effect has been assessed by studying the influence on cloud point as well as the amount of glucoside needed to solubilizer ... amine oxide, alkyl glucoside, surfactants, agrochemical formulations, synergies, fertilizers, electrolytes Keywords:. ... It is well known that alcohol glucosides have excellent aqueous solubility, a low temperature dependence compared to nonionic ...
kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (CHEBI:30200) is a β-D-glucoside (CHEBI:22798) kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (CHEBI:30200) is a ... kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (CHEBI:30200) has role plant metabolite (CHEBI:76924) kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (CHEBI:30200) ... kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (CHEBI:30200) is a monosaccharide derivative (CHEBI:63367) kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (CHEBI: ... CHEBI:30200 - kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside. Main. ChEBI Ontology. Automatic Xrefs. Reactions. Pathways. Models. ...
... C10431 (E)-3-[4-hydroxy-3-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-phenyl] ... Caffeic acid 3-glucoside
GA4-3«beta»-O-glucoside, permethylated. *Formula: C30H44O10 ...
Cyanogenic Glucoside - A plant compound that contains sugar and produces cyanide, is clearly explained in Medindia s glossary ... Cyanogenic Glucoside - Glossary. Written & Compiled by Medindia Content Team. Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review ... Medical Word - Cyanogenic Glucoside. Ans : A plant compound that contains sugar and produces cyanide. ...
4-Hydroxycarbaryl glucoside , C18H21NO8 , CID 100391 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, ...
Undecyl glucoside. CAS number:. 98283-67-1. No inventory information available. Reference substance information. IUPAC name:. ( ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Miura K, Morishita Y, Matsuno H, Aota Y, Ito H, Tai A. Anti-Allergic Activity of Monoacylated Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucosides. ... Anti-Allergic Activity of Monoacylated Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucosides. Kaori Miura 1. ... "Anti-Allergic Activity of Monoacylated Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucosides." Molecules 22, no. 12: 2202. ... Anti-Allergic Activity of Monoacylated Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucosides. Molecules 2017, 22, 2202. ...
global capryl glucoside market size and shareglobal capryl glucoside market forecast & analysisglobal capryl glucoside market ... Global Capryl Glucoside Market 2016: Segment, Size, Share, Growth and Forecast - 2021. Press Release • Oct 26, 2016 03:02 EDT ... The Global Capryl Glucoside Industry 2016-2021 Market Research Report is analytical reports based on a current situation and ... The global Capryl Glucoside market report will provide significant and reliable information on the market clearly in structured ...
Laury glucoside Chemical Formula: Lauryl diglucoside Synonyms. Lauryl diglucoside Description. Lauryl glucoside (lauryl ...
7-Tetrahydroxyflavone 3-glucoside, 3-(β-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one, 3- ... Glucosylkaempferol, Astragalin, Kaempferol 3-glucoside; Linear Formula: C21H20O11; find Supelco-68437 MSDS, related peer- ... Kaempferol 3-glucoside analytical standard; CAS Number: 480-10-4; Synonym: Kaempferol 3-β-D-glucopyranoside, 3,4′,5, ... Kaempferol 3-glucoside analytical standard Synonym: 3,4′,5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavone 3-glucoside, 3-(β-. D. -Glucopyranosyloxy)-5,7 ...
D-glucoside, 98%, Acros Organics 250mg Chemicals:Organic Compounds:Organic oxygen compounds:Organooxygen compounds: ... indican,3-indolyl-b-d-glucopyranoside,uroxanthin,3-indoxyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside,indoxyl,a-d-glucoside,unii-n187wk1y1j,indikan ... indican,3-indolyl-b-d-glucopyranoside,uroxanthin,3-indoxyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside,indoxyl,a-d-glucoside,unii-n187wk1y1j,indikan ...
Maackiain 3-O-glucoside , C22H22O10 , CID 44257440 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, ...
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... of Hydrangea macrophylla collected in the Sichuan Province of China resulted in the isolation of two new cyanogenic glucosides ... Keywords: Hydrangea macrophylla; Saxifragaceae; cyanogenic glucoside Hydrangea macrophylla; Saxifragaceae; cyanogenic glucoside ... Yang C-J, Wang Z-B, Zhu D-L, Yu Y, Lei Y-T, Liu Y. Two New Cyanogenic Glucosides from the Leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla. ... Yang, C.-J.; Wang, Z.-B.; Zhu, D.-L.; Yu, Y.; Lei, Y.-T.; Liu, Y. Two New Cyanogenic Glucosides from the Leaves of Hydrangea ...
PubMed journal article Successful treatment of necrobiotic xanthogranuloma with total glucosides of paeon were found in PRIME ... as well as a discussion regarding management and the use of glucosides of paeony. Treatment with total glucosides of paeony is ... as well as a discussion regarding management and the use of glucosides of paeony. Treatment with total glucosides of paeony is ... Dermatologic AgentsFemaleGlucosidesHumansMiddle AgedNecrobiotic XanthogranulomaPaeoniaPhytotherapyPlant ExtractsPlant Roots ...
Ascorbyl glucoside is a stable form of vitamin C that works well with other beneficial ingredients to help skin look smoother, ... Ascorbyl glucoside is a stable form of vitamin C combined with glucose. When properly formulated and absorbed into skin, it ... Ascorbyl glucoside is a good form of vitamin C to consider, though as with any ingredient, skin will reap greater benefits from ... Research on ascorbyl glucosides ability to improve uneven skin tone or spots isnt too exciting, at least compared with more ...
Methyl α-D-glucoside EC Number:. 202-571-3. EC Name:. Methyl α-D-glucoside. CAS Number:. 97-30-3 Molecular formula:. C7H14O6 ... Methyl α-D-glucosideglucoside. CAS Number:. 97-30-3. Molecular formula:. ... Methyl α-D-glucosideglucoside. CAS Number:. 97-30-3. Molecular formula:. ...
Methyl α-D-glucoside. Regulatory process names 1 IUPAC names 2 Other identifiers 1 ...
Sodium Chloride-Decyl Glucoside Irrigation on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, ... 0.9%Nacl Irrig-Decyl Glucoside Solution. GENERIC NAME(S): 0.9%Nacl Irrig-Decyl Glucoside ... More Resources for 0.9%Nacl Irrig-Decyl Glucoside Solution. *Find Lowest Prices on ... How to use 0.9%Nacl Irrig-Decyl Glucoside Solution. Consult your pharmacist or physician. ...
Leu-Derived Cyano Glucosides in Barley Leaves. The cyano glucoside profiles of leaf and epidermis tissue of four spring barley ... The cyanogenic glucoside epiheterodendrin accounts for less than 20% of the total cyano glucosides and is the result of ... Thus, cyanogenic glucosides may combat fungi, if the incipient attack causes cleavage of the cyanogenic glucoside to release ... Among the cyano glucosides identified were the β- and γ-cyano glucosides, epidermin and sutherlandin, which have subsequently ...
  • Restore brightness to your complexion with The Ordinary's Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12%, it works in perfect harmony to refresh dull skin and improve fine lines. (
  • Get radiant results when you use The Ordinary Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12%, a topical vitamin C treatment that brightens dull skin tones. (
  • For those looking for a visibly brighter complexion, the Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% is a light serum that contains a water-soluble derivative of vitamin C. Whilst adding radiance to your skin, this pre-moisturiser treatment will protect and defend your skin from aggressors and visible signs of ageing. (
  • Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% is a lightweight, water-based serum with a stable form of vitamin C. (
  • Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% is great for all skin types who prefer a water-based serum formula that wears well under makeup. (
  • Will Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% work with my skin type? (
  • Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% contains a non-irritating form of vitamin C in a lightweight, water-based serum, so it works with most skin types. (
  • How do I add Ascorbyl Glucoside Solution 12% to my skin care routine? (
  • Epiheterodendrin, the only cyanogenic glucoside present, comprised 12% to 18% of the total content of cyano glucosides. (
  • In most cases, cyanide release reflects cleavage of a cyanogenic glucoside into the corresponding cyanohydrin and Glc by the initial action of a β-glucosidase. (
  • In sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor ), cyanogenic glucoside synthesis proceeds in the etiolated seedling tip ( Halkier and Møller, 1989 ). (
  • A cyanogenic glucoside, epiheterodendrin, thought to be derived from l -Leu ( Seigler, 1998 ), was identified as the source of hydrogen cyanide production. (
  • Thus, cyanogenic glucosides may combat fungi, if the incipient attack causes cleavage of the cyanogenic glucoside to release hydrogen cyanide. (
  • Alternatively, the intact cyanogenic glucoside may inhibit fungal growth. (
  • Nwachukwu, E C, Mbanaso, E N.A., and Ene, L S.O. Improvement of cassava for high dry matter, starch and low cyanogenic glucoside content by mutation induction. (
  • misc{etde_511793, title = {Improvement of cassava for high dry matter, starch and low cyanogenic glucoside content by mutation induction} author = {Nwachukwu, E C, Mbanaso, E N.A., and Ene, L S.O.} abstractNote = {Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important food in Nigeria. (
  • CYP79 enzymes catalyzing amino acid-to-oxime conversion in cyanogenic glucoside biosynthesis are known from several plants including cassava. (
  • We conclude that CYP71E7 is the oxime-metabolizing enzyme in cyanogenic glucoside biosynthesis in cassava. (
  • Coco-glucoside is a nonionic, naturally derived surfactant in the alkyl polyglucoside (APG) family. (
  • Coco-glucoside used in personal care products is a mixture of glucosides, which arises due to the variability in stereochemical orientations of the glucose moieties, polydispersity of oligo-glucoside and varying alkyl chain lengths. (
  • Coco-glucoside is produced by combining glucose with fatty alcohol from coconut oil feedstock in the presence of acid catalysts at elevated temperatures. (
  • Due to their renewable nature, fatty alcohol blends from natural resources are preferred to build up the hydrophobic part of the coco-glucoside molecule. (
  • Coco-glucoside synthesis from polymeric carbohydrates requires higher reaction temperatures to achieve efficient depolymerization and conversion to the glucosides. (
  • On the other hand, coco-glucoside synthesized from monomeric carbohydrates such as glucose can be condensed with fatty alcohols at lower temperatures, resulting in a cleaner and higher quality grade coco-glucoside. (
  • The carbon chain distribution for coco-glucoside is usually between C 8-14 . (
  • Since the sugar unit is more water-soluble, coco-glucoside is more hydrophilic than its polyoxyethylene-based surfactant counterparts (e.g., polysorbates). (
  • 7 the synthesis of coco-glucoside by the namesake Fisher Process leads to a complex isomer and oligomer mixtures using two process variants-direct synthesis and the two-step transacetalization process (see Figure 2 ). (
  • In direct synthesis, the carbohydrate reacts directly with an excess of coconut alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst to form coco-glucoside. (
  • Other alkyl glucoside ingredients that may be used in cosmetics include Arachidyl Glucoside, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside, Cetearyl Glucoside, Coco-Glucoside, Ethyl Glucoside and Lauryl Glucoside. (
  • Lauryl Glucoside, Arachidyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside and Coco-Glucoside are reported to function as surfactants - cleansing agents. (
  • Based on the data reviewed, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that the alkyl glucoside ingredients, including Decyl Glucoside, Lauryl Glucoside, Arachidyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside and Coco-Glucoside were safe for use in cosmetics when formulated to be non-irritating. (
  • Coco glucoside and Glyceryl oleate is a free EO/PO lipid layer enhancer for the production of cleansing preparations. (
  • When used in a foaming formulation, Coco glucoside and Glyceryl oleate increases the viscosity to create thicker, better lathering cosmetic products. (
  • Decyl glucoside is a glucose-based surfactant commonly used in shampoos and body washes. (
  • Show all 718 recent products that contain DECYL GLUCOSIDE. (
  • Have you ever purchased 0.9%Nacl Irrig-Decyl Glucoside Solution? (
  • For example Decyl Glucoside is formed by reacting a 10 carbon chain alcohol, decyl alcohol, with a cyclic form of glucose. (
  • Decyl Glucoside and the other alkyl glucoside ingredients may be used in baby products, bath products, cleansing products, skin care products, eye makeup and hair care products including hair dyes and colors. (
  • For example, Decyl Glucoside with a degree of polymerization of 1.6 is a mixture of decyl monosaccharide (glucopyranoside) and decyl disaccharide (also called maltopyranoside). (
  • Riding on unfathomable volumes of industrial expertise, our organization engaged in distributing and supplying a broad assortment of Decyl Glucoside in Delhi, Delhi, India. (
  • Decyl glucoside is a mild non-ionic surfactant used in cosmetic formularies including baby shampoo and in products for individuals with a sensitive skin. (
  • Aman Enterprises is listed in Trade India's list of verified sellers offering supreme quality of Ethylene Glycol Di Stearate ,Decyl Glucoside ,Sodium Lauryl Sulphate Liquid etc. (
  • Decyl Glucoside is most definitely the exception to that mindset. (
  • It's created when glucose from corn interacts with decanol, a fatty alcohol derived from coconut, Decyl Glucoside happens to be among one of the most safe ingredients around. (
  • Decyl Glucoside is extremely gentle, lathers quickly and also foams incredibly, the ideal inclusion to body care goods such as our Hand Wash . (
  • Decyl Glucoside is an incredibly popular ingredient nowadays due to the fact that it originates from coconuts and corn, so it is natural, as well as bio-degradable. (
  • Decyl Glucoside is acquired from one hundred percent replenish-able resources, using a mix of plant derived fatty alcohol, decanol that is made from coconut and glucose (corn starch). (
  • Decyl glucoside is categorized as a surfactant and that's the reason why it's utilized in a lot of product lines that are mainly used for personal hygiene as well as toiletries. (
  • Decyl glucoside possesses plenty of other qualities keeping it compatible with various other cleansing substances plus agents. (
  • Decyl glucoside is a gentle cleaner made use of in cosmetic formulas including product lines for folks with sensitive skin. (
  • Some other cleaning agents include surfactants and soaps, both naturally acquired and artificial, that can be made use of instead of decyl glucoside. (
  • Similar to the various other Alkyl Polyglucoside Surfactants, decyl glucoside is acquired from one hundred percent sustainable vegetable origins. (
  • The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Specialist Board determined the health and safety of 19 alkyl glucosides including decyl glucoside that is worked with in cosmetics and decided that these kinds of ingredients are safe the way they are currently being used. (
  • Decyl Glucoside doesn't include any impurities. (
  • Lauryl glucoside (lauryl diglucoside) is a surfactant and detergent made from coconut oil (the "lauryl" part) and sugar (the glucose part). (
  • Lauryl Glucoside is very gentle surfactant made from coconut oil and/or palm oil (lauryl) and sugar (glucose), the result of the reaction between them. (
  • The Global Capryl Glucoside Industry 2016-2021 Market Research Report' is analytical reports based on a current situation and trends of the global as well as Chinese market. (
  • The global Capryl Glucoside market report will provide significant and reliable information on the market clearly in structured format. (
  • Report will easily mold information as per client requirement which covers forecast and analysis of Capryl Glucoside market on global and regional level.We generate reports on market variations across verticals like energy, chemicals, technology, food, electronics and others. (
  • The report includes key competitors in global Capryl Glucoside market. (
  • At high concentrations Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside was irritating and long-term skin irritation resulted in other adverse effects including body weight loss. (
  • Furthermore, this study shows that short-chained glucosides can be used as efficient solubilizers for adjuvants or wetting agents in high electrolyte system (i.e., fertilizers, active ingredients) to avoid phase separation. (
  • however ascorbyl glucoside plus the B vitamin niacinamide is a viable combination to consider, and several skincare products pair these ingredients. (
  • Ascorbyl glucoside is a good form of vitamin C to consider, though as with any ingredient, skin will reap greater benefits from a mix of great ingredients rather than focusing on just one, hoping it does it all. (
  • Alkyl glucoside ingredients have not been found to be genotoxic. (
  • Clinical tests of products containing alkyl glucoside ingredients have found that the products were not dermal irritants or sensitizers. (
  • and other alkyl glucoside ingredients. (
  • Successful treatment of necrobiotic xanthogranuloma with total glucosides of paeony. (
  • We report a case of isolated NXG that responded very well to total glucosides of paeony treatment. (
  • Treatment with total glucosides of paeony is an effective, safe treatment, which avoids the side effects associated with systemic corticosteroid or cytotoxic agent therapy. (
  • Total glucosides of paeony for rheumatoid arthritis: A protocol for a systematic review," BMJ Open , vol. 6, no. 3, Article ID e010116, 2016. (
  • H.-F. Zhang, W.-G. Xiao, and P. Hou, "Clinical study of total glucosides of paeony in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus," Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western , vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 476-479, 2011. (
  • H.-F. Zhang, P. Hou, and W.-G. Xiao, "Clinical observation on effect of total glucosides of paeony in treating patients with non-systemic involved Sjogren syndrome," Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western , vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 596-598, 2007. (
  • Total glucosides of paeony can reduce the hepatotoxicity caused by Methotrexate and Leflunomide combination treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis," International Immunopharmacology , vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 802-807, 2015. (
  • X.-Y. Lin, R.-L. Chen, and L.-X. Zhu, "Clinical observation on effect of total glucosides of paeony in treatment of primary Sjögren's syndrome," Journal of Aesthetics and Cosmetology , vol. 4, no. 24, 328 pages, 2011. (
  • H. Zhao and F.-T. Zhao, "Clinical study on treatment of primary Sjögren's syndrome by total glucosides of paeony and hydroxychloroquine," Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine , vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 530-531, 2013. (
  • A glucoside is a glycoside that is derived from glucose. (
  • Glucose is produced when a glucoside is hydrolysed by purely chemical means, or decomposed by fermentation or enzymes. (
  • The simplest glucosides are the alkyl ethers which have been obtained by reacting hydrochloric acid on alcoholic glucose solutions. (
  • Ascorbyl glucoside is a stable form of vitamin C combined with glucose. (
  • Alkyl glucosides consist of alkyl groups bound to glucose in the D-glycopyranoside form. (
  • AA2G™ ( Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucoside) is a unique, stabilized form of vitamin C developed by binding glucose to ascorbic acid that helps support the skin's ability to fight free radicals, leading to younger looking, brighter skin. (
  • We discovered that C-glucosides 4 bearing a heteroaromatic ring formed metabolically more stable inhibitors for sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) than the O-glucoside, 2 (T-1095). (
  • Although it has been suggested that the intestinal glucose transporter may actively absorb dietary flavonoid glucosides, there is a lack of direct evidence for their transport by this system. (
  • The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that quercetin 4′-β-glucoside is a substrate for the intestinal sodium-dependent d -glucose cotransporter SGLT1. (
  • In both Caco-2 and G6D3 cells, quercetin 4′-β-glucoside uptake was inhibited by 30 mM glucose and 0.5 mM phloridzin. (
  • supports an interaction of quercetin glucosides with the intestinal glucose transporters. (
  • UDP-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-O-glucoside-2''-O-glucosyltransferase catalyzes glycosyl extension of anthocyanins in purple Ipomoea batatas. (
  • Lauryl Glucoside was not a reproductive or developmental toxicant. (
  • Lauryl Glucoside is closely related so Polyglucoside, so both work well in the one formulation. (
  • Lauryl glucoside is part of the alkyl glycoside family (APG's) and is therefore made from renewable, sustainable raw materials which biodegrade ready, is gentle on the skin and fits our demands for "safe green solutions" whilst maintaining biodegradable, are gentle on the skin and is efficient in hard water. (
  • As Lauryl Glucoside is a white, thickish paste it offers some thickening to your formula. (
  • Thio-[beta]-D-glucosides: synthesis and evaluation as glycosidase inhibitors and activators. (
  • In a similar manner, the butanol extract (MB) was treated as mentioned with the (MA) extract and the resulting fraction afforded the two known compounds: luteolin-7-O-glucoside 9 and acteoside 10 which is reported for first time from Marrubium vulgare. (
  • Suppressive effects of hot water extract of safflower leaves (Ex) and its major component luteolin-7-O-glucoside (LuGlc) on oxidative stress were determined in rats in which oxidative stress had been induced by paraquat (PQ). (
  • Kaempferol 3-glucoside is a flavonoid glycoside that occurs naturally in Cleome and Capparis species of plants. (
  • Kaempferol-7-O-beta-D-glucoside (KG), a flavonoid glycoside, isolated from Smilax china L. rhizome, displayed marked anticancer activity on a panel of established cancer cells, of which, HeLa human cervix carcinoma cells were the most sensitive. (
  • 85% of quercetin-3-glucoside and isorhamnetin-3-glucoside into quercetin and isorhamnetin, respectively, in 2 h, without breaking down flavonoid backbones. (
  • 1,2,5,6,15-17 Among them, flavonol glycosides, especially quercetin-3-glucoside (Q3G) and isorhamnetin-3-glucoside (IR3G), have been regarded as the principle substances responsible for the observed biofunctional activities. (
  • Fig. 1 Biotransformation pathways from quercetin-3-glucoside and isorhamnetin-3-glucoside to quercetin and isorhamnetin by β-glucosidase, respectively. (
  • 3-GlucosylisorhaMnetin;ISORHAMNETIN-3-GLUCOSIDE;ISORHAMNETIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE;Isorhamnetin 3-β-D-glucoside;ISORHAMNETIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE(P);Isorhamnetin-3-glucopyranoside;Isorhamnetin 3-O-β-D-glucoside;ISORHAMNETIN-3-O-GLUCOSIDE HPLC 98%;IsorhaMnetin-3-O-β-D- glucopyranoside;IsorhaMnetin-3-glucoside, froM Typha angustifolia L. (
  • IsorhaMnetin-3-glucoside, froM Typha angustifolia L. (
  • C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside and Cetearyl Glucoside are reported to function as surfactants - emulsifying agents, while Ethyl Glucoside is reported to function as a skin-conditioning agent - humectant . (
  • This product contains a mixture of esterified steryl glucosides composed of beta-sitosteryl glucoside, beta-campesteryl glucoside and beta-stigmasteryl glucoside. (
  • Steryl glucosides are one of several common phytosterol lipid classes found in vegetable oil and other plant materials and a significant amount of the sterols that are present in dietary foods originate from steryl glucosides.1 During the production of biodiesel some of the esterified steryl glucosides are esterified, making them less soluble, and both forms cause a problem in biodiesel fuel by clogging fuel filters. (
  • This work extends previous research regarding the role of (esterified) steryl glucosides ¿(E)SG- in olive oil. (
  • Cetearyl Glucoside is a sugar-based emulsifier* which leaves a pleasant, soft feeling on the skin with its nonirritating properties. (
  • One drawback in its use as a staple food is the presence of cyanogenic glucosides which on hydrolysis produce the very toxic hydrogen cyanide (HCN). (
  • Bioactive potential of apigenin derivative apigenin-7-O-glucoside related to its antifungal activity on Candida spp. (
  • Cytotoxic potential of apigenin-7-O-glucoside was tested on colon cancer HCT116 cells by measuring cell viability, apoptosis rate and apoptosis- and colon cancer-related gene expression. (
  • Obtained results indicated considerable antifungal activity of apigenin-7-O-glucoside towards all Candida isolates. (
  • Breakdown of C. albicans plasma membrane was achieved upon treatment with apigenin-7-O-glucoside for shorter period of time then with apigenin. (
  • Besides, apigenin-7-O-glucoside was more effective compared to apigenin in reduction of cell's viability and induction of cell death of HCT116 cells. (
  • Treatment with both compounds resulted in chromatin condensation, apoptotic bodies formation and apoptotic genes expression in HCT116 cells, but the apigenin-7-O-glucoside required a lower concentration to achieve the same effect. (
  • Compounds apigenin-7-O-glucoside and apigenin displayed prominent antifungal potential and cytotoxic effect on HCT116 cells. (
  • However, our results showed that apigenin-7-O-glucoside has more potent activity compared to apigenin in all assays that we used. (
  • The influence of alpha-methyl glucoside on the invertase hydrolysis of sucrose. (
  • This was only achieved using microsomal preparations from other cell types in the basal leaf segment, demonstrating translocation of the cyano glucosides to the epidermal cell layers after biosynthesis. (
  • The biosynthesis of alliarinoside was shown not to bifurcate from sinigrin biosynthesis at the oxime level in contrast to the general scheme for hydroxynitrile glucoside biosynthesis. (
  • Hence, the alliarinoside pathway may represent a route to hydroxynitrile glucoside biosynthesis resulting from convergent evolution. (
  • Ascorbyl Glucoside is a water-soluble derivative of Vitamin C. Arriving in a serum form, the vitamin packed solution is stable and effective, whilst also being comfortable to use. (
  • This product is formulated with the water-soluble derivative of Vitamin C, Ascorbyl Glucoside, giving this solution a serum-like texture that feels great on the skin. (
  • Ascorbyl Glucoside is a water-soluble derivative of Vitamin C. It is much more stable in water but it is less potent than direct L-Ascorbic Acid. (
  • Catechin glucoside may refer to: Catechin-3-O-glucoside Catechin-3'-O-glucoside Catechin-4'-O-glucoside Catechin-5-O-glucoside Catechin-7-O-glucoside This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. (
  • Conclusion: The treatment of the air- dried defatted whole plant of Marrubium vulgare led to the isolation of ten pure compounds, two of them were isolated for the first time from this plant: apigenin7-O-(3',6'- E-p-dicoumaroyl)-β- glucoside 1and acteoside 10. (
  • Six glucoside compounds have been synthesized by means of phase-transfer catalytic method and deacetylation from the starting material ferrocene. (
  • Results indicate that these glucoside compounds possess the antianemic activities and therefore, the further study is well worth making. (
  • Investigation of glucoside compounds as plant-growth regulators. (
  • In line with previous research and to contribute to a comprehensive olive oil chemical characterization, we have determined the profile and content of these compounds in different mono-variety virgin olive oils using cholesterol ß-D-glucoside (ChSG) as single internal standard. (
  • The existence of these compounds and the presence of a β-glucosidase having specificity for coumarinyl glucoside suggest that, the tonka bean synthesizes coumarin by a pathway similar to the one found in sweetclover. (
  • Benzoyl-beta-D-glucoside is a compound found in Pteris ensiformis. (
  • In a search for simple, readily accessible, and efficient glycosidase inhibitors [25-27], we designed, prepared, and assayed a series of structurally simple 1-thio-[beta]-D-glucosides. (
  • Being more compatible with water has allowed this treatment to be formulated to a pleasant serum texture, that works in perfect harmony with Ascorbyl Glucoside to offer a comfortable, lightweight wear. (
  • Soothe and relieve stressed skin with NIOD Modulating Glucosides Serum , a concentrated formula that targets signs of skin sensitivity, discomfort and irritation. (
  • Glucosides with cyclic diarylpolynoid as novel C-aryl glucoside SGLT2 inhibitors. (
  • Novel C-aryl glucoside SGLT2 inhibitors containing cyclic diarylpolynoid motif were designed and synthesized for biological evaluation. (
  • Similarly, we tried the 1-thio-[beta]-D-glucosides 2a-2i first of all as possible inhibitors against [beta]-D-glucosidases. (
  • Aside from the general benefits of pure Vitamin C, Ascorbyl Glucoside has been shown to offer specific skin brightening benefits for a guaranteed, enlivened complexion. (
  • In fact, our previous studies with the human Caco-2 cell model of intestinal absorption demonstrated that a major dietary flavonoid, quercetin 4′-β-glucoside, is effluxed by apically expressed multidrug resistance-associated protein-2, potentially masking evidence for active absorption. (
  • Cellular uptake of quercetin 4′-β-glucoside was examined with Caco-2 cells and SGLT1 stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells (G6D3 cells). (
  • Although quercetin 4′-β-glucoside is not absorbed across Caco-2 cell monolayers, examination of the cells by indirect fluorescent microscopy as well as by HPLC analysis of cellular content revealed cellular accumulation of this glucoside after apical loading. (
  • Consistent with previous observations, the accumulation of quercetin 4′-β-glucoside in both Caco-2 and G6D3 cells was markedly enhanced in the presence of multidrug resistance-associated protein inhibition. (
  • Uptake of quercetin 4′-β-glucoside was greater in SGLT1-transfected cells than in parental Chinese hamster ovary cells. (
  • These results demonstrate for the first time that quercetin 4′-β-glucoside is transported by SGLT1 across the apical membrane of enterocytes. (
  • It is well known that alcohol glucosides have excellent aqueous solubility, a low temperature dependence compared to nonionic ethoxylates, and are stable in the presence of high levels of electrolytes. (
  • Presence of cyano glucosides in the barley seedlings was restricted to leaf tissue, with 99% confined to the epidermis cell layers of the leaf blade. (
  • As the cholesterol glucosides were detected in strains obtained from diverse geographical locations, the presence of cholesteryl glucosides in H. pylori is a very unique and a characteristic feature of the species. (
  • The presence of cyanogenic glucosides in cassava poses a major nutritive drawback in rural areas where cassava constitutes the sole staple crop available. (
  • Metabolite profiling by LC-MS showed no evidence of the presence of cyanogenic glucosides in A. petiolata . (
  • In this paper, the synergistic effect of shortchained alkyl glucosides mixed with alcohol ethoxylates or amine derivatives have been investigated. (
  • F.-H. Feng and E.-Z. Zhang, "42 cases of Sjögren's syndrom treated by total glucosides of peony," Traditional Chinese Medicinal Research , vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 35-37, 2008. (
  • H. He, "Clinical investigation of Sjögren's syndrome treated with total glucosides of peony alliance with hydroxychloroquine," Hubei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine , vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 30-31, 2008. (
  • B. Yin, "Clinical investigation of Sjögren's syndrome treated with total glucosides of peony alliance with hydroxychloroquine," World Chinese Journal of Digestology , vol. 12, no. 35, pp. 20-21, 2011. (
  • To evaluate the efficacy and safety of total glucosides of peony (TGP) in adults with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). (
  • These glucosides with cyclic diarylpolynoids demonstrated moderate in vitro inhibitory activity against SGLT2 in this series to date (IC(50)=59.5-103 nM). (
  • 2017. "Anti-Allergic Activity of Monoacylated Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucosides. (
  • Raspberry Ketone Glucoside (CAS 38963-94-9) Market Research Report 2017 contents were prepared and placed on the website in December, 2017. (
  • Please note that Raspberry Ketone Glucoside (CAS 38963-94-9) Market Research Report 2017 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (
  • It is proposed that the aglycones of all five cyano glucosides are formed by the initial action of a cytochrome P450 enzyme of the CYP79 family converting l -Leu into Z -3-methylbutanal oxime and subsequent action of a less specific CYP71E enzyme converting the oxime into 3-methylbutyro nitrile and mediating subsequent hydroxylations at the α-, as well as β- and γ-, carbon atoms. (
  • We have identified in L. monocytogenes a 4-kb operon, bvrABC , encoding an antiterminator of the BglG family ( bvrA ), a β-glucoside-specific enzyme II permease component of the phosphoenolpyruvate-sugar phosphotransferase system ( bvrB ), and a putative ADP-ribosylglycohydrolase ( bvrC ). (
  • The effect has been assessed by studying the influence on cloud point as well as the amount of glucoside needed to solubilizer a nonionic wetting agent into a high electrolyte solution. (
  • Identification of phenylpropanoids, phenylpropanoid glucosides and a phenylethanol diglucoside from Ipomoea muricata Jacq. (
  • Barley ( Hordeum vulgare ) seedlings contain five cyano glucosides derived from the amino acid l -leucine (Leu). (
  • Cyanogenic glucosides are derived from the amino acids l -Val, l -Ile, l -Leu, l -Phe, or l -Tyr and the nonprotein amino acid cyclopentenyl-Gly. (
  • Three kinds of glycolipids, accounting for about 25% (wt/wt) of the total lipid, were detected and identified to be cholesteryl glucosides. (
  • Reconstitution of a soluble protein fraction into lipid vesicles regained beta-glucoside-binding activity but with lower affinity (K-d = 130 nM). (
  • Heterologous expression of the soybean beta-glucan-binding protein in tomato cells resulted in the generation of a high-affinity binding site for the elicitor-active hepta-β-glucoside conjugate (K-d = 4.5 nM). (
  • Phenol derivatives There are a number of glucosides found in natural phenols and polyphenols, as, for example, in the flavonoids chemical family. (
  • Raspberry ketone Glucoside Report by Material, Application, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2021 is a professional and in-depth research report on the world's major regional market conditions, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific) and the main countries (United States, Germany, united Kingdom, Japan, South Korea and China). (
  • Cassava ( Manihot esculenta ) is a eudicotyledonous plant that produces the valine- and isoleucine-derived cyanogenic glucosides linamarin and lotaustralin with the corresponding oximes and cyanohydrins as key intermediates. (
  • All parts of the cassava plant contain the Val- and Ile-derived cyanogenic glucosides, linamarin and lotaustralin, in an approximately 97:3 ratio ( Lykkesfeldt and Møller, 1994 ). (