Glass Ionomer Cements
Zinc Phosphate Cement
Dental Restoration, Permanent
Dental Cavity Preparation
Dental Stress Analysis
Dental Prosthesis Retention
Dental Cavity Lining
Dental Marginal Adaptation
Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement
Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate
Acid Etching, Dental
Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives
Pit and Fissure Sealants
Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
Tooth Preparation, Prosthodontic
Self-Curing of Dental Resins
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Curing Lights, Dental
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Analysis of Variance
Post and Core Technique
Root Canal Filling Materials
Air Abrasion, Dental
Marginal adaptation of commercial compomers in dentin cavity. (1/319)The dentin cavity adaptation and setting characteristics of four commercial compomers were evaluated by measuring the wall-to-wall contraction gap width in the cylindrical dentin cavity and measuring the compressive strength for a maximum of 14 days after setting. The dentin cavity wall was pretreated by the dentin adhesives according to each manufacturer's instructions or the experimental contraction gap-free dentin bonding system. Complete marginal integrity was obtained in only one compomer and two resin composites which were combined with the experimental dentin bonding system. The compressive strength of two resin composites and two compomers ten minutes after setting was comparable to that after 14 days which indicated that the compomers exhibited setting characteristics as rapidly as the resin composite. It was concluded that a high efficacy dentin bonding system is required for commercial compomers to prevent gap formation during irradiation caused by the rapid setting shrinkage. (+info)
A review of glass ionomer restorations in the primary dentition. (2/319)Glass ionomer cements are tooth-coloured materials that bond chemically to dental hard tissues and release fluoride for a relatively long period. They have therefore been suggested as the materials of choice for the restoration of carious primary teeth. However, the clinical performance of conventional and metal-reinforced glass ionomer restorations in primary molars is disappointing. And although the handling and physical properties of the resin-modified materials are better than their predecessors, more clinical studies are required to confirm their efficacy in the restoration of primary molars. (+info)
What is a "compomer"? (3/319)"Compomers" are recently introduced products marketed as a new class of dental materials. These materials are said to provide the combined benefits of composites (the "comp" in their name) and glass ionomers ("omer"). Based on a critical review of the literature, the author argues that "compomers" do not represent a new class of dental materials but are merely a marketing name given to a dental composite. (+info)
Ionogran in revision arthroplasty. (4/319)Glass ionomer cement (Ionocem) was developed for use in bone surgery and is reported to be notably biocompatible. Between 1991 and 1994 we performed revision operations for aseptic loosening of arthroplasties of the hip on 45 patients using this material in its granulate form (Ionogran) mixed with homologous bone as a bone substitute. Of these 45 patients, 42 were followed up for a mean of 42 months. Early reloosening of the acetabular component has occurred in ten after a mean of 30 months. Histological examination showed large deposits of aluminium in the adjacent connective tissue and bone. Osteoblastic function and bone mineralisation were clearly inhibited. The serum levels of aluminium were also increased. The toxic damage at the bone interface caused by high local levels of aluminium must be seen as an important factor in the high rate of early reloosening. Our findings cast doubt on the biocompatibility of this material and we do not recommend continuation of its further use in orthopaedic surgery. (+info)
Structure of bioactive glass and its application to glass ionomer cement. (5/319)We prepared a new glass ionomer cement using bioactive CaO-P2O5-SiO2(-MgO) glass and investigated its setting process using FT-IR and MAS NMR analyses. The compressive strengths of the cements depended on the glass composition and a maximum strength of 33.3 +/- 4.7 MPa was obtained using cement with the glass composition of MgO:4.6, CaO:44.9, SiO2:34.2 and P2O5:16.3% in weight. FT-IR analysis showed that the COOH group in the polyacrylic acid decreased and carboxylate ion (COO-Ca2+) increased after the setting reaction. A broad signal appeared around -82 ppm in 29Si MAS-NMR spectra of the glass and a new signal corresponding to hydrated silica gel formation appeared around -102 and -111 ppm after setting. This suggests that Ca2+ was released from the glass powder to form carboxylate salt and that a degree of polymerization in the silicate network increased. The setting mechanism of the cement was found to be essentially the same as in conventional glass ionomer cement. (+info)
Resin content in cement liquids of resin-modified glass ionomers. (6/319)Qualitative and quantitative analyses were conducted on four kinds of resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) cement liquids, LC, LC II, LC III (hereinafter referred to as LCs) and VM, using HPLC and laser Raman spectroscopic methods. HPLC revealed that among the RMGI liquids LCs contain 31-32% HEMA (2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate), and VM contains 18% of the same. The composition of RMGI cement liquids varied significantly between manufacturers. In Raman spectroscopic analyses, the spectra of liquids of various ratios of polyacrylic acid and HEMA were measured, and calculations were made on the peak intensity ratios of C=C stretch vibration to C=O stretch vibration, common in both HEMA and polyacrylic acid. The composition ratio of polycarboxylic acid to HEMA of commercial glass ionomer cements was assessed by the regression curve generated by a combination of peak intensity ratios and composition ratios. In addition, Raman spectroscopy was able to identity the differences in form of the methacryloyloxy group. (+info)
Inhibition of carious lesions in vitro around gallium alloy restorations by fluoride releasing resin-ionomer cement. (7/319)A new fluoride releasing resin-ionomer cement was used for bonding of gallium alloy restorations in vitro. Etching, priming, and fluoride releasing resin-ionomer cement were used in the experimental group (ARG), prior to placement of the gallium alloy restorations. Three different controls were used: gallium alloy only (G), no etching, fluoride releasing resin-ionomer cement, gallium alloy (RG), etching, priming, non-fluoride cement and gallium alloy (ACG). The mean shear bond strengths of ARG group to enamel and dentin were higher than those of the three control groups. Artificial secondary caries lesions around the restorations in the experimental group and the control groups were produced, using a strep. mutans culture. The microradiographs were examined for presence of a caries inhibition zone near the restoration. Caries inhibition zones were clearly detected around RG and ARG, but not around G and ACG. The results indicate that the fluoride releasing resin-ionomer cement provided good adhesion and caries inhibition in enamel and dentin. (+info)
Setting shrinkage and hygroscopic expansion of resin-modified glass-ionomer in experimental cylindrical cavities. (8/319)The effects of the C-value (bonded surface area/unbonded surface area) and the volume of the cavity on the volumetric dimensional changes [volumetric setting shrinkage (VSS) and volumetric hygroscopic expansion (VHE)] of a resin-modified glass-ionomer (RMGI) filled in experimental cylindrical cavities were evaluated. The VSS and the VHE rate decreased with increasing C-value. There was a high inverse regression between the cavity C-value and volumetric dimensional changes, but a low regression between cavity volume and volumetric dimensional changes. Therefore, it was thought that greater contraction stress would remain in high C-value cavities than low C-value cavities during the setting process. It was also confirmed that the volumetric dimensional changes of RMGI in cavity were influenced primarily by the cavity C-value. (+info)
Resin cements are dental materials that are used to bond dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, and bridges, to the tooth structure. They are made from a combination of resin monomers, polymers, and other ingredients that are cured with light or heat to form a strong, durable bond. Resin cements are preferred over traditional dental cements because they have a number of advantages, including: 1. Improved adhesion: Resin cements bond to both tooth structure and dental restorations, providing a stronger and more durable bond than traditional cements. 2. Better esthetics: Resin cements can be matched to the color of the tooth, providing a more natural-looking restoration. 3. Increased strength: Resin cements are stronger than traditional cements, which can reduce the risk of fractures and other types of damage to the tooth. 4. Faster curing: Resin cements can be cured in just a few seconds, which can reduce the time required for dental procedures. Overall, resin cements are a popular choice for dental restorations because of their improved adhesion, esthetics, strength, and curing time.
In the medical field, aluminum silicates are a type of mineral compound that is commonly used as an antacid and an adsorbent. They work by neutralizing stomach acid and binding to toxins and other substances in the digestive tract, which helps to prevent their absorption into the bloodstream. Aluminum silicates are often used to treat conditions such as heartburn, acid reflux, and indigestion. They are available in a variety of forms, including tablets, capsules, and powders, and can be taken orally or used topically. It is important to note that while aluminum silicates are generally considered safe for short-term use, long-term use or high doses may have potential side effects, such as constipation, nausea, and abdominal pain. As with any medication, it is important to follow the instructions of your healthcare provider and to report any adverse reactions.
Dental cements are materials used in dentistry to bond dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, and bridges, to the teeth. They are also used to bond dental implants to the jawbone. Dental cements are typically composed of a powder and a liquid, which are mixed together to form a paste that can be applied to the tooth or implant surface. The paste then hardens, forming a strong bond between the restoration and the tooth or implant. There are several different types of dental cements, each with its own unique properties and intended use. Some common types of dental cements include zinc phosphate cement, glass ionomer cement, and resin cement.
In the medical field, "Resins, Synthetic" refers to a group of synthetic polymers that are derived from petrochemicals or other organic compounds. These resins are used in a variety of medical applications, including as adhesives, coatings, and as components in medical devices. Some examples of synthetic resins used in the medical field include polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and polystyrene. These resins are often used to make medical devices such as catheters, tubing, and containers for medical supplies. Synthetic resins are also used in medical coatings to provide a barrier against bacteria and other microorganisms, as well as to improve the durability and performance of medical devices. For example, some medical implants are coated with synthetic resins to reduce the risk of infection and to improve their biocompatibility with the body. Overall, synthetic resins play an important role in the medical field by providing a range of useful properties and applications in the development and production of medical devices and supplies.
Dental bonding is a cosmetic dental procedure that involves applying a tooth-colored resin material to a tooth surface to improve its appearance. The resin is then hardened with a special light, creating a strong and natural-looking bond with the tooth. Dental bonding can be used to repair chips, cracks, gaps, and stains on teeth, as well as to close spaces between teeth and to improve the shape and size of teeth. It is a quick and relatively painless procedure that can be completed in a single visit to the dentist.
Acrylic resins are a type of polymer that are commonly used in the medical field for a variety of applications. They are typically made from acrylic acid or methacrylic acid, which are then polymerized to form a solid, durable material. One common use of acrylic resins in medicine is in the production of dental prosthetics, such as dentures and dental bridges. Acrylic resins are used to create the artificial teeth and gums that are used to replace missing teeth or to improve the appearance of the smile. Acrylic resins are also used in the production of medical devices, such as catheters and surgical instruments. They are often used because of their durability, flexibility, and ability to be molded into a variety of shapes and sizes. In addition, acrylic resins are sometimes used in the treatment of certain medical conditions. For example, they may be used to create implants for the treatment of joint disorders or to reinforce weakened bones. Overall, acrylic resins are a versatile and widely used material in the medical field, with a range of applications in dentistry, medical devices, and other areas.
Magnesium oxide is a white, odorless powder that is commonly used in the medical field as a dietary supplement and as an antacid. It is also used in some medications to treat certain digestive disorders, such as heartburn and acid reflux. In the body, magnesium oxide is used to help regulate muscle and nerve function, and to support healthy bone density. It is also thought to have a calming effect on the nervous system and may help to reduce anxiety and stress. Magnesium oxide is available over-the-counter at most drugstores and health food stores. It is usually taken by mouth in the form of a tablet or powder. It is important to follow the recommended dosage instructions on the label or as directed by a healthcare provider.
Dental cavity preparation is a dental procedure that involves removing decayed or damaged tooth structure from a tooth in order to create a smooth, clean surface for a filling or other restoration. This procedure is typically performed by a dentist or dental hygienist using specialized dental tools, such as dental drills and hand instruments. During a dental cavity preparation, the dentist will first numb the affected area of the tooth using a local anesthetic. They will then use a dental drill to remove the decayed or damaged tooth structure, carefully shaping the cavity to create a smooth, clean surface. The dentist may also use hand instruments to further refine the shape of the cavity and remove any remaining decay. Once the cavity has been prepared, the dentist will fill it with a dental filling or other restoration, such as a crown or a dental bridge. The restoration will be shaped to match the natural contours of the tooth and will be bonded in place using a special dental cement. Dental cavity preparation is an important procedure for maintaining good oral health and preventing further tooth decay. It is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and can be completed in a single visit to the dentist.
Cariostatic agents are substances that help prevent tooth decay (caries) by inhibiting the growth of bacteria that cause cavities. These agents work by either killing the bacteria or preventing them from adhering to the tooth surface, thereby reducing the formation of plaque and tartar. Some common cariostatic agents used in the medical field include fluoride, chlorhexidine, and triclosan. Fluoride is the most widely used cariostatic agent and is found in many toothpastes, mouthwashes, and drinking water. Chlorhexidine is a mouthwash that is often used in hospitals and dental offices to prevent the spread of infection. Triclosan is an antibacterial agent that is found in some toothpastes and mouthwashes. Cariostatic agents are an important part of dental care and can help prevent tooth decay and maintain good oral health. However, it is important to note that they should not be used as a substitute for regular brushing and flossing, and that a healthy diet and regular dental check-ups are also important for maintaining good oral health.
Dental leakage refers to the passage of bacteria or other microorganisms from the oral cavity into the surrounding tissues or the bloodstream through gaps or spaces in dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, or bridges. This can lead to the development of dental caries (cavities) or other infections, and can also increase the risk of systemic infections, such as endocarditis or meningitis. Dental leakage can occur due to a variety of factors, including poor fit of the restoration, inadequate cleaning and maintenance, or the presence of cracks or defects in the restoration material. It is important to detect and treat dental leakage promptly to prevent further complications.
Bone cements are medical materials that are used to fill bone defects or to attach artificial joints to the bone. They are typically made of a powder and a liquid that are mixed together and then injected into the bone. The powder and liquid react chemically to form a hard, durable material that bonds to the bone and provides support for the artificial joint or implant. Bone cements are commonly used in orthopedic surgery to treat conditions such as fractures, osteoarthritis, and bone tumors. They are also used in dental surgery to anchor dental implants in the jawbone.
Compomers are a type of dental composite material that is used for restoring teeth. They are a hybrid of composites and ceramics, and are made up of a mixture of glass or quartz filler particles and a resin matrix. The glass or quartz filler particles give the material strength and durability, while the resin matrix provides flexibility and allows for easy manipulation during the filling process. Compomers are often used for filling small to medium-sized cavities, as well as for restoring the chewing surface of molars. They are also used for making inlays, onlays, and veneers.
In the medical field, a dental cavity lining is a material used to fill a cavity in a tooth. It is applied to the inner surface of the cavity to protect the tooth from further decay and to restore its function. The lining is typically made of a composite resin or a glass ionomer cement, which are both biocompatible and can bond to the tooth structure. The lining is applied in a thin layer and then hardened with a special light or chemical treatment. Once the lining is in place, it can help to prevent further decay and restore the tooth to its normal shape and function.
In the medical field, composite resins are a type of dental filling material that is used to restore teeth that have been damaged by decay or trauma. They are made up of a mixture of glass particles and a resin binder, and are often used to fill small to medium-sized cavities. Composite resins are popular among dentists because they are tooth-colored, which means they can be matched to the natural color of the patient's teeth. This makes them an attractive option for patients who want to restore their teeth without the use of metal fillings. In addition, composite resins are relatively easy to use and can be shaped and polished to blend in with the surrounding teeth. While composite resins are generally considered safe and effective, they may not be suitable for all patients. For example, they may not be a good choice for patients who grind their teeth or who have a high risk of developing cavities. In these cases, other types of dental fillings, such as amalgam or gold, may be a better option.
Fluorides are compounds that contain the fluoride ion (F-). In the medical field, fluorides are commonly used to prevent tooth decay and improve oral health. They can be found in a variety of products, including toothpaste, mouthwashes, and fluoride supplements. Fluoride works by strengthening tooth enamel, making it more resistant to acid attacks from bacteria in the mouth. It can also help to remineralize tooth enamel that has already been damaged by acid. Fluoride is also used in water treatment to reduce the risk of tooth decay in communities. In addition, fluoride is sometimes used in dental procedures, such as fluoride varnishes and fluoride gels, to further strengthen teeth and prevent decay. While fluoride is generally considered safe and effective, excessive exposure to fluoride can lead to dental fluorosis, a condition that causes white or brown stains on the teeth. It is important to use fluoride products in moderation and to follow the instructions on the label.
Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate (Bis-GMA) is a chemical compound that is commonly used as a monomer in the production of dental composite resins, which are used to fill cavities in teeth. Bis-GMA is a type of bisphenol, which is a group of industrial chemicals that are used to make a variety of products, including plastics, resins, and coatings. Bis-GMA is a colorless, odorless liquid that is used in the production of dental composite resins because it can be easily polymerized (combined with other molecules) to form a hard, durable material that can be shaped to fit the contours of a tooth. However, some studies have suggested that Bis-GMA may have potential health effects, including the ability to mimic the effects of estrogen in the body and to cause allergic reactions in some people. As a result, the use of Bis-GMA in dental composite resins has been the subject of some debate and controversy in the medical field.
In the medical field, compressive strength refers to the ability of a material to withstand the force of compression, or the pressure exerted on it in a direction perpendicular to its surface. This is an important property to consider when designing medical devices, implants, and other equipment that may be subjected to compressive forces during use. For example, the compressive strength of a bone graft material is an important factor to consider when selecting a material for use in bone replacement surgery. The graft material must be able to withstand the compressive forces exerted on it by the surrounding bone tissue as it heals and integrates with the graft. Similarly, the compressive strength of a dental implant is an important factor to consider when selecting a material for use in dental implant surgery. The implant must be able to withstand the compressive forces exerted on it by the surrounding jawbone as it integrates with the implant and supports the replacement tooth. Overall, compressive strength is an important property to consider in the design and selection of medical materials and devices, as it can impact their performance and safety in use.
Fluorides, topical, refer to a class of medicaments that contain fluoride ions and are applied topically to the teeth and oral mucosa to prevent dental caries (cavities) and to remineralize tooth enamel that has already been demineralized. Topical fluorides are available in various forms, including gels, foams, rinses, toothpastes, and mouthwashes. They are typically used as an adjunct to other oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing, to help maintain good oral health. The fluoride ions in these medicaments can penetrate the enamel and dentin of the teeth, making them more resistant to acid attacks from bacteria in the mouth.
In the medical field, silicates refer to a group of minerals that contain silicon and oxygen. These minerals are commonly used in various medical applications, including as components of medications, as dietary supplements, and as ingredients in medical devices. One common use of silicates in medicine is as a component of antacids, which are used to treat acid reflux and heartburn. Silicates, such as magnesium aluminum silicate, work by neutralizing stomach acid and forming a protective layer on the lining of the esophagus. Silicates are also used in some dietary supplements, such as calcium silicate, which is a source of calcium and silicon. Calcium is important for maintaining strong bones and teeth, while silicon is thought to play a role in maintaining healthy skin and nails. In addition, silicates are used as ingredients in medical devices, such as wound dressings and dental fillings. For example, hydroxyapatite, a type of silicate mineral, is used as a biocompatible material in dental implants and orthopedic implants. Overall, silicates have a variety of medical applications and are an important component of many medical products.
Acid etching, dental, is a technique used in dentistry to improve the bonding of dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, and veneers, to the tooth surface. The process involves applying a weak acid solution to the tooth surface, which removes a small amount of enamel and exposes the underlying dentin. This creates a roughened surface that can better adhere to the bonding agent used to attach the restoration. The acid etching solution is typically applied for a short period of time, followed by a thorough rinsing and drying of the tooth surface. The bonding agent is then applied and cured with a special light, creating a strong bond between the restoration and the tooth.
In the medical field, "crowns" typically refer to dental crowns, which are artificial caps or covers that are placed over a damaged or decayed tooth to restore its shape, size, and strength. Crowns are typically made of materials such as porcelain, ceramic, or metal, and are custom-made to fit the patient's mouth and the shape of the tooth they are covering. Crowns can be used for a variety of reasons, including to improve the appearance of a tooth, to restore a tooth that has been damaged by decay or trauma, or to strengthen a tooth that is weak or fragile. They can also be used to support a bridge or to hold a dental implant in place. In some cases, a crown may be necessary to prevent further damage to a tooth or to prevent the need for more extensive dental procedures, such as a root canal or tooth extraction.
Calcium compounds are chemical compounds that contain calcium ions. Calcium is an essential mineral for the human body, and it plays a crucial role in various physiological processes, including bone health, muscle function, and nerve transmission. Calcium compounds are commonly used in the medical field for a variety of purposes, including the treatment of osteoporosis, hypocalcemia, and hyperparathyroidism. Some common examples of calcium compounds used in medicine include calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium gluconate, and calcium lactate. These compounds are often administered orally or intravenously, depending on the specific condition being treated.
Silanes are a group of compounds that contain a silicon atom covalently bonded to one or more hydrogen atoms. They are not typically used in the medical field, as they are primarily used in the production of electronic and optical materials, as well as in the synthesis of other organic compounds. However, there are some silanes that have been studied for their potential medical applications. For example, certain silanes have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties, and they are being investigated as potential treatments for a variety of diseases. Additionally, some silanes have been used as adhesives and sealants in medical devices, such as dental fillings and orthopedic implants. Overall, while silanes are not commonly used in the medical field, they have the potential to be useful in the development of new treatments and medical technologies.
In the medical field, cementation refers to the process of using a cementing material to bond two or more objects together. This is often used in orthopedic surgery to attach artificial joints or implants to the bone. The cementing material, typically a type of acrylic resin, is applied to the implant and then pressed into place in the bone. The cement hardens and forms a strong bond between the implant and the bone, providing stability and support for the joint. Cementation is also used in other medical procedures, such as dental implant placement and the repair of bone fractures.
Furcation defects are a type of periodontal disease that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, specifically the area where two or more roots of a tooth meet, known as the furcation. These defects can occur when the gums become infected and start to pull away from the teeth, exposing the roots and allowing bacteria to enter the area. Furcation defects can be classified into three types: Type I, Type II, and Type III. Type I defects involve only one root, while Type II defects involve two roots, and Type III defects involve three or more roots. Treatment for furcation defects typically involves a combination of scaling and root planing, which involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and roots, and surgery to remove infected tissue and reshape the bone around the roots. In some cases, dental implants may be necessary to replace missing teeth.
Cermet cements are a type of dental cement that are composed of a mixture of ceramic particles and a metal alloy. They are commonly used in dental restorations, such as crowns, bridges, and inlays, to bond the restoration to the tooth. Cermet cements are known for their high strength and durability, and they are able to withstand the forces of chewing and grinding. They are also resistant to corrosion and wear, making them a popular choice for long-lasting dental restorations.
In the medical field, aluminum compounds refer to substances that contain aluminum as a component. Aluminum is a common element found in many minerals and is used in a variety of industrial and medical applications. In the context of medicine, aluminum compounds are often used as antacids to neutralize stomach acid and relieve symptoms of heartburn and indigestion. They may also be used as a component in certain medications, such as antiperspirants and certain types of antacids. However, excessive exposure to aluminum compounds can be harmful to human health. Aluminum has been linked to a number of health problems, including Alzheimer's disease, osteoporosis, and kidney damage. As a result, the use of aluminum compounds in certain medical applications is closely regulated to minimize the risk of adverse effects.
Stainless steel is a type of steel that is resistant to corrosion and rust due to the presence of chromium in its composition. In the medical field, stainless steel is commonly used in the manufacturing of medical devices and implants due to its durability, biocompatibility, and resistance to corrosion. Stainless steel is used in a variety of medical applications, including surgical instruments, dental equipment, orthopedic implants, and cardiovascular devices. It is also used in the construction of medical facilities, such as hospital beds, surgical tables, and examination tables. One of the key benefits of using stainless steel in the medical field is its biocompatibility. Stainless steel is generally considered to be non-toxic and non-reactive with human tissue, making it a safe material for use in medical devices and implants. Additionally, stainless steel is easy to clean and sterilize, which is important in preventing the spread of infection in healthcare settings. Overall, stainless steel is a versatile and reliable material that is widely used in the medical field due to its durability, biocompatibility, and resistance to corrosion.
In the medical field, "Bicuspid" refers to a condition where a person has two cusps (the pointed ends of the valves in the heart) instead of the normal three. This condition is also known as "bicuspid aortic valve" or "BAV." Bicuspid aortic valve is a common congenital heart defect that affects the aortic valve, which is responsible for regulating blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body. In a bicuspid aortic valve, the two cusps may not function properly, leading to problems such as regurgitation (leaking of blood back into the heart), stenosis (narrowing of the valve), and aneurysm (ballooning of the aorta). Bicuspid aortic valve can be diagnosed through a physical examination, echocardiogram (an ultrasound of the heart), or other imaging tests. Treatment options may include medication, lifestyle changes, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
Zinc oxide is a white, odorless, and insoluble powder that is commonly used in the medical field as a protective and healing agent. It is a naturally occurring mineral that has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties. In the medical field, zinc oxide is used in a variety of applications, including: 1. Skin protection: Zinc oxide is used as a protective layer on the skin to prevent irritation, redness, and other skin conditions. It is commonly used in sunscreens, diaper creams, and other skincare products. 2. Wound healing: Zinc oxide is used to promote wound healing by creating a moist environment that helps to prevent infection and promote the growth of new tissue. 3. Antimicrobial properties: Zinc oxide has antimicrobial properties that make it effective in preventing the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms. 4. Antifungal properties: Zinc oxide has antifungal properties that make it effective in treating fungal infections such as athlete's foot and ringworm. 5. Anti-inflammatory properties: Zinc oxide has anti-inflammatory properties that make it effective in reducing inflammation and swelling. Overall, zinc oxide is a versatile and effective ingredient in the medical field that is used for a variety of applications to promote healing, protect the skin, and prevent infection.
In the medical field, adhesives are substances that are used to bond or attach two or more surfaces together. They are commonly used in surgical procedures to hold tissues, organs, or prosthetic devices in place. Adhesives used in medicine are typically designed to be biocompatible, meaning they do not cause adverse reactions or toxicity in the body. There are several types of adhesives used in medicine, including: 1. Cyanoacrylate: This type of adhesive is commonly used in wound care to close small cuts and lacerations. It forms a strong bond with skin and other tissues and is known for its quick-drying properties. 2. Glues: Glues are used to bond tissues together during surgical procedures. They are typically made from natural or synthetic materials and are designed to be biocompatible. 3. Tissue adhesives: Tissue adhesives are used to bond tissues together during surgical procedures. They are typically made from natural or synthetic materials and are designed to be biocompatible. 4. Surgical tapes: Surgical tapes are used to hold surgical dressings in place and to secure surgical instruments during procedures. They are typically made from non-woven materials and are designed to be biocompatible. Overall, adhesives play an important role in the medical field by providing a means to hold tissues and organs in place during surgical procedures and to help with wound care.
Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (DART) is a minimally invasive approach to restoring teeth that have been damaged by decay or trauma. It involves the use of hand instruments and materials that are specifically designed to minimize pain and discomfort during treatment. The goal of DART is to preserve as much healthy tooth structure as possible while restoring the tooth to its functional and aesthetic integrity. This approach is particularly useful for treating children and anxious patients, as it can help to reduce their fear and anxiety about dental treatment. DART can be used to treat a variety of dental problems, including cavities, cracked or broken teeth, and worn or damaged fillings.
Phosphoric acids are a group of acids that contain the -PO4 group in their molecular structure. They are commonly used in the medical field as a component of various medications and medical treatments. One of the most common uses of phosphoric acids in medicine is as an ingredient in certain types of antacids. Phosphoric acid can help to neutralize stomach acid and reduce symptoms of heartburn and indigestion. Phosphoric acids are also used in some medications to treat kidney stones. They work by increasing the amount of urine produced, which can help to flush out small kidney stones. In addition, phosphoric acids are used in some wound care products to help prevent infection and promote healing. They can also be used as a preservative in some medications to help extend their shelf life. Overall, phosphoric acids play an important role in the medical field as a component of various medications and treatments. However, it is important to note that they can also have side effects and may not be suitable for everyone. It is always best to consult with a healthcare professional before using any medical product containing phosphoric acid.
Tooth abrasion is a dental condition that occurs when the outer layer of the tooth, called the enamel, is worn down or abraded. This can happen due to various factors, including brushing too hard, using a toothbrush with hard bristles, grinding or clenching teeth, consuming acidic foods and drinks, and chewing on hard objects such as ice or pencils. Tooth abrasion can cause a number of symptoms, including tooth sensitivity, pain when chewing, and a rough or uneven tooth surface. In severe cases, it can lead to tooth decay, gum recession, and even tooth loss. Treatment for tooth abrasion typically involves addressing the underlying cause, such as changing brushing habits or using a softer toothbrush. In some cases, a dentist may also use a fluoride treatment or a dental filling to help protect the tooth and prevent further damage.
'Anti-Infective Agents, Local' refers to medications that are applied directly to a specific area of the body to treat or prevent infections. These agents are typically used to treat skin infections, ear infections, eye infections, and other localized infections. They work by killing or inhibiting the growth of bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms that cause infections. Examples of local anti-infective agents include antibiotics such as neomycin, polymyxin B, and bacitracin, which are commonly used to treat skin infections. Other examples include antifungal agents such as clotrimazole and miconazole, which are used to treat fungal infections of the skin, nails, and scalp. Local anti-infective agents are often available in the form of creams, ointments, gels, or solutions that can be applied directly to the affected area.
Methacrylates are a group of organic compounds that contain the -COOR functional group, where R is an alkyl or aryl group. They are commonly used in the medical field as monomers for the synthesis of polymers, such as polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), which is used in the production of acrylic lenses for glasses and contact lenses. Methacrylates are also used as adhesives, coatings, and sealants in medical devices, such as catheters, implants, and surgical instruments. They have excellent bonding properties and are resistant to water, chemicals, and heat, making them ideal for medical applications. In addition, some methacrylates, such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), are used as solvents for drugs and other medical compounds. HEMA is also used as a monomer in the production of hydrogels, which are used in contact lenses and drug delivery systems. However, some methacrylates, such as bisphenol A dimethacrylate (Bis-GMA), have been associated with potential health risks, including allergic reactions and genotoxicity. Therefore, the use of methacrylates in medical devices and applications must be carefully evaluated to ensure their safety and efficacy.
In the medical field, "Curing Lights, Dental" refers to specialized light-emitting devices used in dentistry to harden dental materials such as composite resins, bonding agents, and dental cements. These materials are applied to the teeth and then cured using a curing light to initiate a chemical reaction that causes the material to harden and bond to the tooth structure. The curing process typically takes a few seconds and is essential for ensuring that the dental restoration is strong and durable. Curing lights emit a specific wavelength of light that is absorbed by the dental material, triggering a photochemical reaction that causes the material to harden. The use of curing lights is a standard procedure in modern dentistry and is essential for achieving optimal results in dental restorations.
Methylene blue is a synthetic organic compound that is commonly used in the medical field as a medication and a dye. It is a blue-colored compound that is soluble in water and has a molecular formula of C16H18N3S. In the medical field, methylene blue is used for a variety of purposes, including: 1. Treatment of methemoglobinemia: Methylene blue is used to treat methemoglobinemia, a condition in which the amount of methemoglobin (a form of hemoglobin that is not able to carry oxygen) in the blood is increased. This can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, and blue or purple skin. 2. Treatment of cyanide poisoning: Methylene blue is also used to treat cyanide poisoning, a condition in which the body is exposed to high levels of cyanide. Cyanide can interfere with the body's ability to use oxygen, leading to symptoms such as confusion, dizziness, and rapid heartbeat. 3. Antimicrobial agent: Methylene blue has antimicrobial properties and is sometimes used as an antiseptic or disinfectant. 4. Dye: Methylene blue is also used as a dye in various industries, including textiles, leather, and printing. It is important to note that methylene blue can cause side effects, including nausea, vomiting, and allergic reactions. It should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional.
Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, is a common dental disease that affects the hard tissues of the teeth, including the enamel, dentin, and pulp. It is caused by the demineralization of tooth enamel due to the production of acid by bacteria in the mouth. The bacteria in the mouth feed on sugars and starches in the food we eat, producing acid as a byproduct. This acid can erode the enamel on the teeth, leading to the formation of cavities. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and cause damage to the underlying dentin and pulp, leading to pain, infection, and tooth loss. Dental caries is a preventable disease through good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, using fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash, and limiting sugary and acidic foods and drinks. Early detection and treatment of dental caries can help prevent more serious complications and maintain good oral health.
Tooth demineralization is a process in which minerals in tooth enamel are gradually lost due to exposure to acidic substances, such as sugary drinks, fruit juices, and certain foods. This loss of minerals weakens the tooth structure and can lead to the development of cavities, also known as dental caries. Tooth demineralization can occur at any age, but it is most common in children and adolescents who are still developing their permanent teeth. It can also occur in adults who have poor oral hygiene or who consume a diet high in sugar and acidic foods and beverages. Treatment for tooth demineralization typically involves the use of fluoride toothpaste, mouth rinses, and professional dental cleanings to remineralize the tooth and prevent further decay. In more severe cases, dental fillings or other restorative procedures may be necessary.
In the medical field, adhesiveness refers to the ability of tissues or organs to stick together or to other surfaces. This can be an important factor in various medical conditions and treatments. For example, adhesiveness can play a role in the development of adhesions, which are bands of scar tissue that form between organs or tissues after surgery or injury. Adhesions can cause pain, bowel obstruction, and other complications. Adhesiveness can also be important in wound healing, where the ability of cells to stick together and form a cohesive tissue is crucial for proper healing. In some cases, medications or other treatments may be used to reduce adhesiveness in order to prevent the formation of adhesions or to help break down existing adhesions.
Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic agent that is commonly used in the medical field for a variety of purposes. It is a broad-spectrum disinfectant that is effective against a wide range of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Chlorhexidine is available in a variety of forms, including solutions, gels, and mouthwashes. It is often used to clean and disinfect surfaces and equipment in healthcare settings, as well as to treat wounds and skin infections. It is also commonly used as an antiseptic mouthwash to help prevent gum disease and tooth decay. Chlorhexidine works by disrupting the cell membranes of microorganisms, which kills them or prevents them from multiplying. It is generally considered to be safe and effective when used as directed, although it can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions in some people. It is important to follow the instructions for use carefully and to avoid using chlorhexidine on open wounds or in the eyes.
In the medical field, "coloring agents" refer to substances that are used to add color to medical devices, such as catheters, syringes, and other equipment. These agents are typically added to the device during the manufacturing process to make it easier to identify and distinguish from other similar devices. Coloring agents can also be used in medical imaging to help visualize certain structures or tissues. For example, contrast agents used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans contain coloring agents that help highlight specific areas of the body. It is important to note that the use of coloring agents in medical devices and imaging must be carefully regulated to ensure that they do not pose any risks to patients. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in the United States, for example, requires that all medical devices and imaging agents undergo rigorous testing and approval before they can be used in clinical settings.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is a naturally occurring compound that is commonly used in the medical field. It is a hard, white, crystalline solid that is composed of silicon and oxygen atoms. In the medical field, silicon dioxide is used in a variety of applications, including as a pharmaceutical excipient, a food additive, and a wound dressing material. It is often used as a carrier for other active ingredients in medications, as it can help to improve the stability and bioavailability of the drug. Silicon dioxide is also used in the production of various medical devices, such as implants and prosthetics, as well as in the manufacturing of dental materials and orthopedic implants. In addition to its use in medical applications, silicon dioxide is also used in a variety of other industries, including electronics, construction, and cosmetics.
Sodium fluoride is a chemical compound that is commonly used in the medical field as a fluoride supplement to prevent tooth decay. It is also used in dental products such as toothpaste and mouthwash to help strengthen tooth enamel and prevent cavities. In the medical field, sodium fluoride is typically administered as a solution or tablet to patients who are at risk of developing tooth decay. It is also used in certain medical treatments, such as radiation therapy, to help prevent the development of new blood vessels in tumors. Sodium fluoride is generally considered safe when used as directed, but high doses or prolonged exposure can be harmful. It is important to follow the recommended dosage and use caution when administering sodium fluoride to patients, especially children.
Calcium fluoride is a chemical compound that is commonly used in the medical field as a fluoride supplement. It is a white, crystalline solid that is highly soluble in water and is commonly used as a fluoride source in toothpaste, mouthwashes, and other dental products. In the medical field, calcium fluoride is used to help prevent tooth decay by increasing the concentration of fluoride in the mouth. Fluoride helps to strengthen tooth enamel and make it more resistant to acid attacks from bacteria in the mouth. It is also used to treat certain types of dental fluorosis, which is a condition that occurs when there is an excess of fluoride in the body. Calcium fluoride is generally considered safe when used as directed, but it can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea if taken in large amounts. It is important to follow the recommended dosage and to speak with a healthcare provider before using calcium fluoride or any other fluoride supplement.
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a statistical method used to compare the means of three or more groups. In the medical field, ANOVA can be used to compare the effectiveness of different treatments, interventions, or medications on a particular outcome or variable of interest. For example, a researcher may want to compare the effectiveness of three different medications for treating a particular disease. They could use ANOVA to compare the mean response (e.g., improvement in symptoms) between the three groups of patients who received each medication. If the results show a significant difference between the groups, it would suggest that one medication is more effective than the others. ANOVA can also be used to compare the means of different groups of patients based on a categorical variable, such as age, gender, or race. For example, a researcher may want to compare the mean blood pressure of patients in different age groups. They could use ANOVA to compare the mean blood pressure between the different age groups and determine if there are significant differences. Overall, ANOVA is a powerful statistical tool that can be used to compare the means of different groups in the medical field, helping researchers to identify which treatments or interventions are most effective and to better understand the factors that influence health outcomes.
In the medical field, oxides refer to compounds that contain oxygen and another element. These compounds can be found in various forms, such as minerals, gases, and solids, and they play important roles in various biological processes. For example, calcium oxide (CaO) is a common oxide that is used in the treatment of acid reflux and ulcers. It works by neutralizing stomach acid and forming a protective layer on the stomach lining. Another example is hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which is a powerful oxidizing agent that is used in wound care to kill bacteria and promote healing. In addition to their therapeutic uses, oxides are also important in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions. For example, the measurement of blood oxygen levels is a critical part of respiratory and cardiovascular monitoring, and the use of oxygen therapy is a common treatment for patients with respiratory distress. Overall, oxides play important roles in many aspects of medicine, from the treatment of specific conditions to the diagnosis and monitoring of patients.
Methylmethacrylates are a group of organic compounds that are commonly used in the medical field as adhesives, coatings, and as a component in medical devices. They are derived from the monomer methylmethacrylate, which is a colorless, odorless liquid that polymerizes (forms long chains) when exposed to heat or light. Methylmethacrylates are used in a variety of medical applications, including dental fillings, orthopedic implants, and as a component in medical coatings and adhesives. They are also used in the production of medical devices such as catheters, syringes, and surgical instruments. One of the key benefits of methylmethacrylates is their biocompatibility, which means that they are generally well-tolerated by the body and do not cause adverse reactions. They are also relatively easy to process and can be molded into a wide range of shapes and sizes. However, methylmethacrylates can also have some potential drawbacks, including toxicity and the potential for allergic reactions in some individuals. As with any medical material, it is important to carefully consider the potential risks and benefits of using methylmethacrylates in a particular medical application.
In the medical field, water is a vital substance that is essential for the proper functioning of the human body. It is a clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that makes up the majority of the body's fluids, including blood, lymph, and interstitial fluid. Water plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's temperature, transporting nutrients and oxygen to cells, removing waste products, and lubricating joints. It also helps to regulate blood pressure and prevent dehydration, which can lead to a range of health problems. In medical settings, water is often used as a means of hydration therapy for patients who are dehydrated or have fluid imbalances. It may also be used as a diluent for medications or as a component of intravenous fluids. Overall, water is an essential component of human health and plays a critical role in maintaining the body's normal functions.
Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) is a synthetic polymer that is commonly used in the medical field for a variety of applications. It is a clear, hard, and durable material that is often used to make medical implants, such as hip and knee replacements, dental fillings, and dental crowns. PMMA is also used to make medical devices, such as surgical instruments and prosthetic devices. It is biocompatible, which means that it is generally well-tolerated by the body and does not cause an immune response. PMMA is also relatively easy to work with and can be shaped and molded into a variety of forms, making it a popular choice for medical applications.
Zirconium is a chemical element with the symbol Zr and atomic number 40. It is a lustrous, grey-white metal that is highly resistant to corrosion and has a high melting point. In the medical field, zirconium is commonly used in the production of dental implants, as it is biocompatible and has a similar density to human bone. It is also used in the production of orthopedic implants, such as hip and knee replacements, as well as in the fabrication of prosthetic devices. Additionally, zirconium is used in the production of certain types of medical equipment, such as MRI machines, due to its low magnetic susceptibility.
Aluminum oxide is a chemical compound that is commonly used in the medical field as a desiccant, an agent that removes moisture from a substance. It is also used as a polishing agent for dental work and as a component in some types of dental fillings. In addition, aluminum oxide is used in the production of certain types of medical equipment, such as surgical instruments and implants. It is generally considered to be safe for medical use, but it can cause irritation or allergic reactions in some people.
Calcium phosphates are a group of minerals that are commonly found in the human body, particularly in bones and teeth. They are also used in medical applications, such as in the production of bone grafts and dental implants. Calcium phosphates are composed of calcium and phosphorus ions, and they are typically crystalline in structure. There are several different types of calcium phosphates, including hydroxyapatite, octacalcium phosphate, and brushite. In the medical field, calcium phosphates are often used as a source of calcium and phosphorus for patients who are unable to obtain these nutrients from their diet. They are also used in the treatment of bone diseases, such as osteoporosis, and in the repair of bone fractures. In addition, calcium phosphates are used in the production of medical devices, such as dental implants and bone grafts, because of their biocompatibility and ability to support bone growth.
Dental amalgam is a type of dental filling material that is commonly used to restore teeth that have been damaged by decay or injury. It is made up of a mixture of metals, including silver, tin, copper, and mercury, which are combined to form a hard, durable material that can be shaped to fit the contours of a tooth. Dental amalgam has been used for over 150 years and is still widely used today because it is effective, durable, and relatively inexpensive. It is also a safe and effective treatment option for most patients, as the amount of mercury used in dental amalgam is very small and is not considered to be a health risk. However, some people may be concerned about the use of mercury in dental amalgam and may choose to have alternative filling materials, such as composite resin or glass ionomer cement, instead. It is important to discuss the pros and cons of different filling materials with your dentist to determine the best option for your individual needs.
Polyurethanes are a class of polymers that are widely used in the medical field due to their unique properties, such as their flexibility, durability, and biocompatibility. They are typically used to make a variety of medical devices, including catheters, implants, and prosthetics. In the medical field, polyurethanes are often used to create materials that can mimic the properties of natural tissues, such as skin, cartilage, and bone. They can also be used to create materials that are more durable and resistant to wear and tear than natural tissues. Polyurethanes can be synthesized from a variety of starting materials, including diisocyanates, polyols, and catalysts. The properties of the resulting polyurethane can be tailored by adjusting the composition of the starting materials and the reaction conditions. Overall, polyurethanes are a versatile and useful material in the medical field, with a wide range of potential applications in the development of new medical devices and treatments.
Air abrasion, dental, is a minimally invasive dental procedure that uses a high-speed stream of abrasive particles to remove tooth decay or other dental damage. The particles are directed at the tooth surface using a hand-held device, and the pressure of the air stream helps to control the depth and precision of the removal. Air abrasion is often used as an alternative to traditional drilling, which can be more invasive and cause more discomfort for patients. It is a quick and painless procedure that can be used to treat a variety of dental problems, including cavities, tooth wear, and minor chips or cracks.
Glass ionomer cement
Index of oral health and dental articles
The Queen's Award for Enterprise: Innovation (Technology) (1988)
Atraumatic restorative treatment
Dental amalgam controversy
Silver diammine fluoride
Molar incisor hypomineralisation
Minimal intervention dentistry
WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children
Dentistry for babies
List of MeSH codes (D25)
John Walford McLean
WHO Model List of Essential Medicines
UBIRA ETheses - Reinforced dental glass ionomer cements: from conventional to nanocomposites
Glass-Ionomer Cement | Pentron
Glass ionomer cements properties: a systematic review
Glass Ionomer Cements
Vitro Fil Restorative glass ionomer cement DFL - e-Dentech
GC Miracle Mix (Glass Ionomer Restorative Cement -GIC) - Dental Prod
Buy Glass Ionomer Cement at best prices online in India|Smart Medical Buyer
Glass ionomer cement - The different generations<...
Ana Raquel Benetti - Publikationer - Resultat
Comparison of Antibacterial Activity, Cytotoxicity, and Fluoride Release of Glass Ionomer Restorative Dental Cements in...
Request a Sample or More Information - The Dental Advisor
WTS database | WHO FCTC
Department of Chemistry, Gitam Institute of Science, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam, India - Articles - Scientific Research...
Embrace WetBond Class V - PULPDENT
Product News - JCO Online - Journal of Clinical Orthodontics
The Effects of Various Restorative Techniques on the Fracture Resistance of Pulpotomized Permanent Premolars
Effect of Addition of Nano-TiO2, Nano-SiO2, and a Combination of Both, on Antimicrobial Activity of an Orthodontic Composite
Bone Cements (definition)
Request Customization for Dental Cements Market
Buy Dental Luting Cement I Thedentalbear
Technique 360: What Kerr's Nexus RMGI can do for your patients [VIDEO]
Fillings for baby teeth - How to treat cavities in baby teeth - Small Bites
Dr. Markus Blatz Recognized for International Leadership in Esthetic Dentistry - Penn Dental Medicine
Dysbarism: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology
Dental bonding | Intelligent Dental
Kuraray Panavia F 2.0 Kit Light Universal Resin Cement Complete Kit - Dental World Official
- Glass ionomers were introduced to the profession 25 years ago and have been shown to be a very useful adjunct to restorative dentistry. (manipal.edu)
- These cements possess certain unique properties that make them useful as restorative and adhesive materials, including adhesion to tooth structure and base metals, anticariogenic properties due to release of fluoride, thermal compatibility with tooth enamel, and biocompatibility. (manipal.edu)
- Comparison of Antibacterial Activity, Cytotoxicity, and Fluoride Release of Glass Ionomer Restorative Dental Cements in Dentistry. (bvsalud.org)
- This study aimed to evaluate the effects of various restorative techniques on the fracture resistance of pulpotomized premolars with mesioocclusodistal (MOD) cavities treated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement. (hindawi.com)
- RelyX Luting 2 by 3M is an advanced, self-curing, radiopaque, fluoride releasing resin-modified glass ionomer luting cement. (thedentalbear.com)
- TOKUYAMA Tokuso Glass Ionomer Luting Cement is a glass-ionomer luting cement which offers superior adhesion, high adhesive strength with less harmful effects to the pulp. (thedentalbear.com)
- Dr. Michael DiTolla takes you through a clinical case removing a temporary crown and placing a crown on tooth No. 8 using Kerr Dental's new cement, Nexus RMGI, a resin-modified glass ionomer luting cement. (dentalproductsreport.com)
- Here, Dr. DiTolla takes you through a clinical case completing a posterior crown restoration using Kerr Dental's new cement, Nexus RMGI, a resin-modified glass ionomer luting cement. (dentalproductsreport.com)
- PANAVIA F2.0 is a self-etching, self-adhesive, dual-cure, fluoride releasing resin cement that can be cured with any Halogen, Plasma ARC or LED light. (dentalworldofficial.com)
- PANAVIA F 2.0 is an universal resin cement which shows high bond strength to tooth structures, metals and ceramics. (dentalworldofficial.com)
- In vivo bracket retention comparison of a resin-modified glass ionomer cement and a resin-based bracket adhesive system after a year. (thejcdp.com)
- PANAVIA F2.0, as with all Panavia resin cements, contains the same, proprietary MDP adhesive monomer that has been proven with over 20 years of clinical use. (dentalworldofficial.com)
- Glass Ionomer is white in color but, unlike composite, it does not come in various shades to match the teeth more accurately. (smallbites.in)
- Composite is stronger and more wear-resistant than glass ionomer. (smallbites.in)
- Dental cement is mixed and applied onto the grooved surface and the ready made composite veneers are cemented onto the tooth surface. (intelligentdental.com)
- The publications were selected from a search in database (Medline - Literature International Health Sciences, BBO - Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry and Scopus) in the period from 2000 to 2008, using the words: glass ionomer cements, properties mechanical and biocompatibility. (bvsalud.org)
- The setting reaction of GICs involves the neutralisation of PAA by the glass powder, which was linked with the formation of calcium and aluminium salt-complexes. (bham.ac.uk)
- Glass ionomer cement composed of a calcium - alumino - silicate glass powder and an aqueous solution of an acrylic acid homo - or copolymer. (manipal.edu)
- Can calcium phosphate improve glass ionomer cements? (ku.dk)
- Two common materials used for pulpotomy treatment are mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement [ 4 , 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Several mechanical properties including, compressive strength (CS), diametral-tensile strength (DTS), flexural strength (FS), flexural modulus (E\(_f\)), and Vickers hardness (HV) of control groups (Fuji-IX and HiFi cement) and cements formed after the reinforcement of nanoclays were measured. (bham.ac.uk)
- Most of the studies reported mechanical and physical limitations of GICs and found that the major advantage of conventional glass ionomer cements comparing to other materials is biocompatibility, which could not be found in resin modified glass ionomer cements. (bvsalud.org)
- Even after releasing fluoride, the cement maintains its high mechanical strength due to the special surface coating technology of sodium fluoride. (dentalworldofficial.com)
- BACKGROUND This study aimed to compare the antibacterial activity, cytotoxicity, and fluoride release of 4 different glass ionomer cements (GIC). (bvsalud.org)
- Shofu Hy-Bond Glasionomer CX are the luting cements contains the patented Hy-Agent additive which consists of tannic acid, zinc fluoride and strontium fluoride. (thedentalbear.com)
- Glass Ionomer Liner Cement Kit: 10 g powder bottle, 6 ml liquid bottle, accessories. (thedentalbear.com)
- The EAED awards this honor once a year to an internationally acclaimed leader in memory of Dr. John McLean, who is considered the father of modern ceramics and glass-ionomer cement. (upenn.edu)
- In recent years there have been considerable changes in the formulations, properties and handling properties of the glass ionomer cements for different clinical applications. (manipal.edu)
- The self-etching cement system prevents postoperative sensitivity and provides consistently good results. (dentalworldofficial.com)
- In this study a systematic investigation of the reinforcement possibility of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) with polymer-grade nanoclays (PGV and PGN nanoclays) to develop glass-ionomer cements (GICs) is presented. (bham.ac.uk)
- Generally, GICs formed with modified PAA liquid that contained less than 2 wt % nanoclays, exhibited slightly higher CS (range 124.0- 142.0 MPa), similar DTS (range 12.0-20.0 MPa) and higher biaxial flexural strength (range 37.0-42.0 MPa) compared to the control cement groups (Fuji-IX and HiFi). (bham.ac.uk)
- Among these materials, those that stand out because their therapeutic nature, are glass ionomer cements (GICs). (bvsalud.org)
- It is certain that no material is perfect, but with the current level of intensive research on glass ionomers, the deficiencies that exist seem to be eliminated or at least reduced, resulting in an ever - improving range of materials of this type. (manipal.edu)
- INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to evaluate the effects of a highly filled light-cured sealant (HFLCS) on the shear bond strength and bond failure site of metal and ceramic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC). (who.int)
- An in vitro evaluation of bond strength of three glass ionomer cements. (thejcdp.com)
- Miracle Mix is a triple-cured, resin reinforced glass ionomer crown and core build-up material. (dentalprod.com)
- A resin modified glass ionomer permanent cement that is fast setting, strong and easy to use. (thedentalbear.com)
- Comparison of Antibacterial Activity, Cytotoxicity, and Fluoride Release of Glass Ionomer Restorative Dental Cements in Dentistry. (bvsalud.org)
- Restoration using a glass hybrid restorative system and performed in the field with the ART technique proved to be an effective approach to preserving first permanent molars affected by MIH. (medscape.com)
- Unfortunately, once enamel is damaged, there is no way for it be self-healed or regenerated with the current filling restorative materials that are available in the market such as dental amalgam, composite or glass ionomer cements. (bda.org)
- Fifty-six teeth were randomly allocated into two intervention groups for ART restorations: control (27 teeth restored with Ketac Molar Easy Mix glass ionomer cement) and experimental (29 teeth restored with Vitro Molar glass ionomer cement). (who.int)
- Outcome expected 1: To evaluate the performance and clinical longevity of ART restorations in occlusal cavities of permanent molars with two different glass ionomer cements(Ketac Molar Easy Mix and Vitro Molar). (who.int)
- This in vivo study is aimed at comparing and evaluating the clinical efficacy of resin and glass ionomer-based fissure sealants on first permanent molars with follow-ups at 6-, 12-, and 18-month intervals. (nih.gov)
- BACKGROUND This study aimed to compare the antibacterial activity, cytotoxicity, and fluoride release of 4 different glass ionomer cements (GIC). (bvsalud.org)
- 1997). These cements, together with polymeric resin composites and hybrids of these two materials, are now available for tooth restoration with other materials. (nih.gov)
- The purpose of this study was to measure the amount of adsorption of various salivary proteins to a resin composite having various amounts of surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) fillers, and to make a comparative study of the adherence of S. mutans to the resin composite covered by various salivary proteins. (scirp.org)
- Dental composite fillings contain up to 80% purity glass powder to enhance durability and esthetic appeal. (schott.com)
- ProBase™ Light Cure, Glass Ionomer Liner/Base ProBase™ is a reinforced glass-ionomer cement that is designed for use as a luting/lining cement. (wisdomdentalsupply.com)
- Provides valuable information on cavity varnish, mercury toxicity, and glass ionomer cements. (google.nl)
- In thirty of these premolars a Class V cavity preparation was performed and teeth were equally divided in three groups: Experimental Group I: Glass Ionomer cement was placed in the cavity. (uv.es)
- Experimental Group II: Adhesive Cement was placed in the cavity. (uv.es)
- Ketac™ Cem is a radiopaque permanent cement used for cavity lining as well as the cementation of crowns, bridges, inlays, posts, screws and orthodontic bands. (globalhealthimports.com)
- Immediately cover with a Glass ionomer such as Ketac Cem (no need to wait until the MTA has set, as it will set in these humid conditions). (clinicalresearchdental.com)
- Outcome found 1: There was no significant difference in relation to the clinical performance of ART restorations performed with the different glass ionomer cements tested, when compared to each other and when evaluated in the different study periods. (who.int)
- Meron Plus QM is a paste-to-paste, resin-modified glass ionomer cement in VOCO's QuickMix syringe. (dentistrytoday.com)
- Objectives: The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of glass ionomer and adhesive cements on SP expression in healthy human dental pulp. (uv.es)
- Results: Greater SP expression was found in the adhesive cement group, followed by the glass ionomer and the positive control grou. (uv.es)
- Conclusions: These findings suggest that adhesive cements provoke a greater SP expression when compared with glass ionomer. (uv.es)
- Among these materials, those that stand out because their therapeutic nature, are glass ionomer cements (GICs). (bvsalud.org)
- Most of the studies reported mechanical and physical limitations of GICs and found that the major advantage of conventional glass ionomer cements comparing to other materials is biocompatibility, which could not be found in resin modified glass ionomer cements. (bvsalud.org)
- Resin-based materials and glass-ionomer cements for sealing fissures are useful in caries control through physical barrier formation, which prohibits metabolic exchange between fissure microorganisms. (nih.gov)
- The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out. (nih.gov)
- Glass ionomer cements have contributed to materials that can bond to enamel and dentin, release fluoride, and increase remineralization in adjacent teeth (Mount and Hume 1998, Qvist et al. (nih.gov)
- Based on decades of quality leadership, the extremely broad SCHOTT Dental Glass portfolio is also in demand for innovative applications beyond composites, including CAD/CAM blocks, mill blanks, 3D printing applications, glass-ionomer cements, and glass-ceramics. (schott.com)
- Type of cement - Temporary cement. (dentalworldofficial.com)
- Thus, glass ionomers are only part of our comprehensive product offering.It's true that they don't represent a universally applicable restoration material, but they provide excellent results with little effort for many indications. (dentalexpress.in)
- 2016), los cuales son estadísticamente significativos respecto al grupo desobturado rotatoriamente, incluso superando los valores del grupo control en el tercio cervical y medio. (researchgate.net)
- For decades, 3M ESPE has been the trailblazer in the glass ionomer success story.Just like you as a dentist, we see a real need for differentiated therapy. (dentalexpress.in)