The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.
An island republic of the West Indies. Its capital is Roseau. It was discovered in 1493 by Columbus and held at different times by the French and the British in the 18th century. A member of the West Indies Federation, it achieved internal self-government in 1967 but became independent in 1978. It was named by Columbus who discovered it on Sunday, Domingo in Spanish, from the Latin Dominica dies, the Lord's Day. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The inter- and intra-relationships between various microorganisms. This can include both positive (like SYMBIOSIS) and negative (like ANTIBIOSIS) interactions. Examples include virus - bacteria and bacteria - bacteria.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The modification of the reactivity of ENZYMES by the binding of effectors to sites (ALLOSTERIC SITES) on the enzymes other than the substrate BINDING SITES.
Sexual activities of animals.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of humans.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Antidiuretic hormones released by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS of all vertebrates (structure varies with species) to regulate water balance and OSMOLARITY. In general, vasopressin is a nonapeptide consisting of a six-amino-acid ring with a cysteine 1 to cysteine 6 disulfide bridge or an octapeptide containing a CYSTINE. All mammals have arginine vasopressin except the pig with a lysine at position 8. Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure.
The predominant form of mammalian antidiuretic hormone. It is a nonapeptide containing an ARGININE at residue 8 and two disulfide-linked cysteines at residues of 1 and 6. Arg-vasopressin is used to treat DIABETES INSIPIDUS or to improve vasomotor tone and BLOOD PRESSURE.
Specific molecular sites or proteins on or in cells to which VASOPRESSINS bind or interact in order to modify the function of the cells. Two types of vasopressin receptor exist, the V1 receptor in the vascular smooth muscle and the V2 receptor in the kidneys. The V1 receptor can be subdivided into V1a and V1b (formerly V3) receptors.
The analysis of an activity, procedure, method, technique, or business to determine what must be accomplished and how the necessary operations may best be accomplished.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
"Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (12): 5334-5338. ... "Heritability of Cooperative Behavior in the Trust Game" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105 (10): 3721- ... rule about human behavior, which theorizes that each person's individual social influence stretches three degrees before it ... Framingham Heart Study and makes several new conclusions about the influence of social networks on human health and behavior.[ ...
Fowler, James H.; Christakis, Nicholas A. (2010). "Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks". Proceedings of the ... Christakis, NA; Fowler, JH (2013). "Social Contagion Theory: ExaminingDynamic Social Networks and Human Behavior". Statistics ... Or, it might be much more effective to motivate clusters of people to avoid criminal behavior than to act upon individuals or ... These studies employ emblematic models used to study the diffusion of information, opinions, ideas and behaviors on a wide ...
Fowler, J. H.; Christakis, N. A. (2010). "Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks". Proceedings of the National ... Fowler, JH; Christakis, NA (2010). "Cooperative Behavior Cascades in Human Social Networks" (PDF). Proceedings of the National ... Christakis, Nicholas A.; Fowler, James H. (2010-03-23). "Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks". Proceedings ... In 2010, they demonstrated, using an experiment, that cooperative behavior could spread to three degrees of separation. In a ...
ISBN 978-0-691-14790-1. Laughlin, Patrick (1999). "Collective Induction: Twelve Postulates". Organizational Behavior and Human ... Broadly, the method entails "the cooperative search for descriptive, predictive, and explanatory generalizations, rules, and ... Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 69: 265-275. doi:10.1006/obhd.1997.2687. Wason, P. C. (1966). "Reasoning ... on collective induction tasks with groups and were originally published in the journal Organizational Behavior and Human ...
Intraspecies cooperative foraging has also been observed. These behaviors may also be transmitted via teaching. Controversially ... The human average being approximately 16 billion, this is likely within the range found in the human population. This would ... The dolphins were not trained for this behavior; the collaboration began before 1847. Similar cooperative fisheries also exist ... Some Mauritanian dolphins cooperate with human fishermen. The dolphins drive a school of fish towards the shore, where humans ...
Haroush K, Williams ZM (March 2015). "Neuronal prediction of opponent's behavior during cooperative social interchange in ... It is not normally possible to study single neurons in the human brain, so most evidence for mirror neurons in humans is ... Such neurons have been directly observed in human and primate species, and birds. In humans, brain activity consistent with ... "the driving force behind the great leap forward in human evolution." Human infant data using eye-tracking measures suggest that ...
Singh, Puranjaya (1997). "Human Behavior in Dictator Games". Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Cesarini, David; ... "Heritability of cooperative behavior in the trust game" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105 (10): 3721- ... Evolution and Human Behavior. 26 (3): 245-256. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2005.01.002. Concludes that people tend to be more ... Prosocial behavior encourages the "intention of promoting the welfare of the individual, group, or organization toward which it ...
Friendship is co-operative and supportive behavior between two or more humans. Friendship may also refer to: Friendship, ...
"Toward a Unified Theory of Human Behavior." In Toward a Unified Theory of Human Behavior, ed. R.R. Grinker (New York: 1956), pp ... "Axiology as the Science of Preferential Behavior." In Value: A Cooperative Inquiry, ed. R. Lepley (New York: 1951), pp. 211-222 ... "Technique and Human Value." Symposium on the Technological Society, the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, Santa ... "Biosophical Themes and Human Values?" Biosophical Review 11 (1951): 16-18. "The Science of Man and Unified Science." ...
Computers in Human Behavior. 29 (1): 235-245. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.010. Golder, Scott; Donath, Judith (2004). "Hiding and ... revealing in online poker games". CSCW '04 Proceedings of the 2004 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work. New ... Responsible Gambling Features (RGFs) are features that online gambling sites use to promote responsible behavior and reduce ... research shows that seals-of-approval granted by these third parties does not have a strong influence on purchasing behavior, ...
Humans and dolphins are the only known species to use vocal copying in cooperative contexts. Although this behavior is rare, ... Although vocal learning is often associated with aggressive behavior in some animals, this is not the case in dolphins. Rather ... Advances in the Study of Behavior. 40. pp. 123-157. doi:10.1016/S0065-3454(09)40004-4. ISBN 9780123744753. Agafonov A, Panova E ... Developed by Janik and King, this method combines human observations with vocalization analysis. The vocalizations are recorded ...
So much of what I do in my own fiction is observational; is looking at behavior. By studying human history you really see how ... he returned to Dublin and started a co-operative theatre company with a friend. He was later hired to run the Abbey Theatre's ... but I do appreciate the human need to believe that, behind life's important happenstantial events, there is a larger meaning. ... human folly endlessly repeats itself. In my work-in whatever form it takes-I am very much grappling with what it means to be ...
... autonomous robot that interacts and communicates with humans or other autonomous physical agents by following social behaviors ... Social interactions are likely to be cooperative, but the definition is not limited to this situation. Moreover, uncooperative ... In most social robots the complexity of human-to-human interaction will be gradually approached with the advancement of the ... Situating the Human in Social Robots. In J. Vincent et al., eds. Social Robots from a Human Perspective, Dordrecht: Springer, ...
... used to explain the development and maintenance of cooperative behavior between individuals in a group.[citation needed] ... As humans social environments became more complex, they acquired adaptations by way of group dynamics that enhance survival. ... Therefore, full members' behavior is paramount to define the ingroup's image. Bogart and Ryan surveyed the development of new ... Updated version based on 1958 work). Palo Alto, CA: Science and Behavior Books. Page 194 to 196, Irvin D. Yalom, The Theory and ...
Much of this behavior occurs due to kin selection. Kin selection allows cooperative behavior to evolve where the actor receives ... This behavior is analogous to human domestication.[108] The genus of goby fish, Elacatinus also demonstrate cooperation by ... Stable cooperative behavior requires that it provide a benefit to both the actor and recipient, though the benefit to the actor ... Cooperative behavior may also be enforced, where their failure to cooperate results in negative consequences. One of the best ...
Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, Alfred C. Kinsey, Wardell R. Pomeroy and Clyde E. Martin Quote: "Males do not represent two ... "Cooperative breeding in South American hunter-gatherers". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences ... Kirkpatrick, R. C. (1 January 2000). "The Evolution of Human Homosexual Behavior". Current Anthropology. 41 (3): 385-413. doi: ... Human male sexuality covers physiological, psychological, social, cultural, and political aspects of the human male sexual ...
The physical world and human behavior are both highly complex and ambiguous. Utilizing sensors and machine learning algorithms ... Winograd, T. (1986). A language/action perspective on the design of cooperative work. Proceedings of the 1986 ACM conference on ... and may potentially be used in any area of human-human or human-computer interaction. Most self-identified persuasive ... Persuasive technologies developed relies on self-report or automated systems that monitor human behavior using sensors and ...
Captive animals have displayed cooperative hunting behavior, and can be taught tricks, suggesting intelligence. The Cuban ... Humans have hunted this species to near extinction. Much research remains to be done on the remaining wild populations. The ... The behavior has prompted much interest in the species, usually kept singly (especially so after such reports). This species is ... One of the crocodiles was involved in an attack on a human in 2019 who held his arm over the enclosure during a crayfish party ...
Tend-and-befriend is a behavior exhibited by some animals, including humans, in response to threat. It refers to protection of ... Cooperative breeders include wolves, elephants, many nonhuman primates, and humans. Among all primates and most mammals, ... Burkart, Hrdy, and Van Schaik (2009) argue that cooperative breeding in humans may have led to the evolution of psychological ... Burkart, J. M.; Hrdy, S. B.; Van Schaik, C. P. (September 2009). "Cooperative breeding and human cognitive evolution". ...
Computers in Human Behavior. 27 (4): 1431-1437. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2010.07.047. Omar, H., Embi, M. and Yunus, M. (2012). ... Vicente, M., Fern\'andez, C., \~Neco, R. and Puerto, R. (2010). GOOGLE GROUPS FOR COMMUNICATION ENHANCEMENT IN COOPERATIVE ...
... helpful behavior will induce a cooperative relationship. His Crude Law as well as his research into distributive justice ... In 1951, Deutsch and coauthor Mary Evans Collins, working out of the Research Center for Human Relations at NYU (where Deutsch ... Deutsch is also a founding member of the World Dignity University initiative and Global Advisory Board Member of the Human ... Another major theme of his work was the concept of "Crude Law", which studied the relationships between attitudes, behavior, ...
Colony foundation behavior is not uniform among founding queens. The time spent exploring, excavating, and removing excavated ... Colonies remain useful for repeated brood collection by humans for 4 to 12 years. Colony foundation in L. apiculatum is by ... haplometrosis (non-cooperative), that is, a single fertile queen founds each colony. ... Hoey-Chamberlain, R; Rust, MK; Klotz, JH (2013). "A Review of the Biology, Ecology and Behavior of Velvety Tree Ants of North ...
Evolutionary debunking argument If human moral thinking evolved in order to strengthen cooperative bonds among our ancestors, ... motivation to engage in adaptive cooperative behavior. This is the subject of his 2006 book The Evolution of Morality. ... Moral nativism Where does the human capacity for moral thinking come from? One view is that it is the by-product of other ... Joyce has explored and tentatively advocated the alternative nativist view, according to which human moral thinking is a ...
... psychology and sociocultural anthropology towards understanding human social bonding and cooperative behavior. It presents a ... biological anthropologists and evolutionary psychologists have persisted in viewing human kinship and cooperative behavior as ... Most importantly, he clarifies the different levels of analysis when looking at human behavior in real time and in the ... suggested that perhaps the expression of social behaviors in humans might quite simply be based on cues of context and ...
Blanchard, Anita L. (September 2008). "Testing a model of sense of virtual community". Computers in Human Behavior. 24 (5): ... Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work - CSCW '10: 13. doi:10.1145/1718918.1718923. ... Computers in Human Behavior. 26 (2): 226-234. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2009.10.001. Gonzales, Amy L.; Hancock, Jeffrey T. (January ... Computers in Human Behavior. 27 (5): 1621-1626. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2011.01.012. Toma, Catalina L.; Hancock, Jeffrey T.; Ellison ...
Social behavior ranges from precarious toleration, as in the widow spiders, to co-operative hunting and food-sharing. Although ... Spiders will only bite humans in self-defense, and few produce worse effects than a mosquito bite or bee sting. Most of those ... While the venom of a few species is dangerous to humans, scientists are now researching the use of spider venom in medicine and ... Ant-mimicking spiders also modify their behavior to resemble that of the target species of ant; for example, many adopt a zig- ...
4 Ecology and behavior. *5 Relationship with humans. *6 Proposed magnetoreceptivity. *7 Photo gallery ... Male common grackles are less aggressive toward one another, and more cooperative and social, than the larger boat-tailed ... Ecology and behavior[edit]. The common grackle forages on the ground, in shallow water or in shrubs; it will steal food from ... Relationship with humans[edit]. The range of this bird expanded west as forests were cleared. In some areas, it is now ...
... and if survival requires co-operative behaviors, the individual will co-operate. In the case of humans, therefore, ... in humans, at least, both co-operation and competition are considered learned behaviors[citation needed], because the human ... While that does not necessitate co-operative behavior, it does help.[citation needed] ... In non-cooperative games, the most famous of these is the Nash equilibrium. A set of strategies is a Nash equilibrium if each ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Jones, Garett; Schneider, W. Joel (2006). "Intelligence, Human Capital, and Economic ... Jones, Garett (2008). "Are smarter groups more cooperative? Evidence from prisoner's dilemma experiments, 1959-2003". Journal ... Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 85: 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2012.10.014. ISSN 0167-2681. Jones, Garett (2008). " ... of Economic Behavior & Organization. 68 (3-4): 489-497. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2008.06.010. ISSN 0167-2681. Al-Ubaydli, Omar; Jones ...
Most forms of cooperative behavior take place in a mutually beneficial context where cooperation is risky as its success ... These findings show a previously unidentified causal role for AVP in social approach behavior in humans, as established by ... a hormone that regulates mammalian social behaviors such as monogamy and aggression, increases humans tendency to engage in ... AVP increases humans willingness to cooperate. That increase is not due to an increase in the general willingness to bear ...
Cooperative behavior spreads three degrees of separation: if Eleni increases her contribution to the public good, it benefits ... Uncooperative behavior can spread and persist as well.) Here is one of their figures. ... Fowler and Christakis, in an open access article in PNAS, demonstrate that one cooperative act has a multiplying effect. In an ... This blog reports new ideas and work on mind, brain, and behavior - as well as random curious stuff ...
... proceedings is intended to show how to improve the interaction and cooperation of artificial intelligent systems with humans ... cooperative, participatory and contextual models; emergent properties of human behavior; innovative materials in manufacturing ... Human Systems Engineering and Design. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design ( ... Human Systems Engineering and Design. Book Subtitle. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Human Systems ...
Collective animal behavior Is the Subject Area "Collective animal behavior" applicable to this article? Yes. No. ...
"Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (12): 5334-5338. ... "Heritability of Cooperative Behavior in the Trust Game" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105 (10): 3721- ... rule about human behavior, which theorizes that each persons individual social influence stretches three degrees before it ... Framingham Heart Study and makes several new conclusions about the influence of social networks on human health and behavior.[ ...
First, humans began to cooperate more and across wider interdependent networks. Second, humans became more group-minded, ... the two dimensions of political ideology identified by previous research correspond to two key shifts in the evolution of human ... between these dual dimensions of ideology and independent convergent evidence for two key shifts in the evolution of human ... and behavioural plasticity have maintained functional variation in willingness to cooperate and conform within modern human ...
The MIT and Masdar Institute Cooperative Program is an ongoing collaborative program with Abu Dhabi to provide advice and ... Influencing Collective Human Behavior Using Distributed Intelligent Systems. Principal Investigator at MIT: Professor Alex ... Since the inception of the MIT & Masdar Institute Cooperative Program eighty-two research projects have been successfully ...
Cooperative Behavior. *Humans. *Medication Errors. *Medication Reconciliation. *Nurses Role. *Organizational Innovation. * ...
Cooperative Behavior* * Humans * Interprofessional Relations* * Medical Staff, Hospital* * New Zealand * Nursing Staff, ...
ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. Proceedings of the ACM 2012 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative ... Human migration to digital environment renders it possible to base such predictions on digital records of human behavior. It ... Private traits and attributes are predictable from digital records of human behavior. Michal Kosinski, David Stillwell, and ... This study demonstrates the degree to which relatively basic digital records of human behavior can be used to automatically and ...
... cooperative hunting. Evolution and Human Behavior 33:64-78 (2012). ... Three styles in the evolutionary study of human behavior. In Human Behavior and Adaptation: An Anthropological Perspective, ... Evolution and Human Behavior 31:231-245.. Smith, Eric Alden (2011) Endless forms: Human behavioral diversity and evolved ... Costly signaling and cooperative behavior. (coauthored with Rebecca Bliege Bird). In Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: ...
... and human behavior; Active sensing system for distress detection; Recognition of facial emotions; Automatic prediction of ... Cooperative machine learning; Emotion prediction; Emotion recognition; Emotion in ambiguous speech ... Human-robot interaction; Robot-robot interaction; Perception of a humanoid robots; Humanoid robots mediating social Interaction ... CENTRIC 2021, The Fourteenth International Conference on Advances in Human-oriented and Personalized Mechanisms, Technologies, ...
... primary ex vivo tissues selected to represent the normal counterparts of tissues and organ systems frequently involved in human ... Cooperative Behavior* * Epigenomics* * Genome, Human / genetics * Humans * National Institutes of Health (U.S.)* ... primary ex vivo tissues selected to represent the normal counterparts of tissues and organ systems frequently involved in human ...
Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks. Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences of te United States of ... Fowler and Christakis (2010) report that cooperative behavior ripples in human networks to people separated by up to three ... Considering theories of human and intellectual capital, particularly of investments in such forms of capital, it may be ... A key result of these data is that the number of clusters detected from co-authorship behavior and the number of designated ...
2010) Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107:5334-5338. ... It is well known that humans tend to associate with other humans who have similar characteristics, but it is unclear whether ... which has also been shown to influence social behavior in humans (15, 16). Similar phenomena related to "social" fitness have ... In some sense, humans might be "metagenomic" not just with respect to the microbes within them (39, 40), but also with respect ...
Human factors, travel behavior. Driver and traveler support systems. Cooperative traffic information systems. Security and ...
Human factors, travel behavior. Driver and traveler support systems. Cooperative traffic information systems. Security and ...
Animals • Cooperative Behavior • Game Theory • Humans • Mathematics • Memory • Models, Genetic • Population Dynamics • ...
To explain the evolutionary emergence of uniquely human skills and motivations for cooperation, Tomasello et al. (2012, in ... joint attentional behaviors is cooperative communication as expressed prelinguistically in the uniquely human gestures of ... By the time of modern humans, then, we have a hyper-cooperative lifestyle based on cooperative breeding, cooperative foraging, ... Human cooperation Shared intentionality Cooperative breeding Evolution of human ontogeny Collaborative foraging ...
In this scenario, if caching behaviours can be flexibly deployed, then the birds should recognize the cooperative nature of the ... In this scenario, if caching behaviours can be flexibly deployed, then the birds should recognize the cooperative nature of the ... would flexibly adapt their caching behaviours to a cooperative context. To do so, birds were given a caching task during which ... suggesting the birds could adapt to the cooperative nature of the task. Additionally, we show that caching decisions were not ...
2005 Costly signaling and cooperative behavior. In Moral sentiments and material interests: the foundations of cooperation in ... Thus, the Cooperative Breeding Hypothesis states that some convergent evolution between humans and other cooperative breeders ... Could this similarity with humans reflect convergent evolution?. Humans can also be called cooperative breeders, since they ... 2009 Cooperative breeding and human cognitive evolution. Evol. Anthropol. 18, 175-186. (doi:10.1002/evan.20222). ...
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between childrens oppositional behavior and the following two ... Cooperative Behavior*. Female. Humans. Male. Mother-Child Relations. Play and Playthings. Time Factors. Verbal Behavior*. ... Previous Document: The effect of a teachers presence on the classroom behavior of conduct-problem children.. Next Document: ... The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between childrens oppositional behavior and the following two ...
Cooperative Behavior. Developing Countries. Health Plan Implementation / organization & administration*. Health Planning ... Humans. International Cooperation*. Interprofessional Relations. Leadership. Models, Organizational. National Health Programs ...
Also, early humans may have formed ties with both kin and non-kin, based in part on their tendency to cooperate. Social ... Network ties are also more likely between people who give the same amount, and the similarity in cooperative behaviour extends ... Our results suggest that certain elements of social network structure may have been present at an early point in human history ... Taken together, these results provide the strongest evidence so far that these key features of human networks reflect shared ...
The evolution of fancy social learning in humans accounts for both the nature of human adaptation and the extraordinary scale ... Ecology and Culture investigates the role of culture in human evolution and adaptation. ... and variety of human societies. The integration of ethnographic fieldwork with mathematical models and advanced quantitative ... Lukas, D., & Clutton-Brock, T. (2012). Life histories and the evolution of cooperative breeding in mammals. Proceedings of the ...
Fowler, J. H., and Christakis, N. A. (2010). Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S ... Deci, E. L., and Ryan, R. M. (2000). The" what" and" why" of goal pursuits: human needs and the self-determination of behavior ... 2001) argue that this is a necessary function of human beings as negative emotions allow humans to be highly adaptable and thus ... cooperative, and conciliatory behavior (Insel, 1997; Barsade and Gibson, 2007) and improved decision making (Chuang and Lin, ...
Toothed whales Anatomy and physiology Sensory perception Social behavior Pregnancy and birth Intelligence and communication ... Interestingly, there is no record of a killer whale having killed a human.) Cooperative behavior has also been suggested for ... Social behavior. Social behavior in cetaceans runs the gamut from species that are largely solitary to those that are highly ... Human contact with cetaceans-whales, dolphins, and porpoises-has a rich history, beginning with some of our earliest ...
The Meaning of Human Existence book. Read 450 reviews from the worlds largest community for readers. How did humanity ... The Meaning of Human Existence book. Read 450 reviews from the worlds largest community for readers. How did humanity ... Behavior/activity thats cooperative and altruistic tends to reduce competitive advantage.. Parallel with tolerable parasites ... Reminding a "blank slate" culture about the considerable influence of evolution and genetics on human behavior was his 20th ...
We tested the null hypothesis of no sharing, but considering the substantial literature on cooperative behavior and partial ... Risk and the evolution of human exchange. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279(1740):2930-2935. http:// ... Farmer cooperatives as behavior toward risk. American Economic Review 78(1):224-232. ... the direct loss due to the shock and the indirect loss due to changes in cooperative behavior. ...
  • Christakis and Fowler explored the influence of social connections on behavior. (
  • Connected draws on previously published and unpublished studies, including the Framingham Heart Study and makes several new conclusions about the influence of social networks on human health and behavior. (
  • In Connected, they put forward their "three degrees of influence" rule about human behavior, which theorizes that each person's individual social influence stretches three degrees before it fades out. (
  • These studies employ emblematic models used to study the diffusion of information, opinions, ideas and behaviors on a wide range of network topologies, showing also under which conditions violations of the "three degrees of influence" can be expected including of the three-degrees-of-influence property. (
  • James H. Fowler (born February 18, 1970) is an American social scientist specializing in social networks, cooperation, political participation, and genopolitics (the study of the genetic basis of political behavior). (
  • However, evolution also emphasizes the adaptive utility of altruistic and cooperative behavior based on humans' natural qualities as a social species. (
  • Guys with bigger biceps and higher self-rated attractiveness were more likely to prefer lower-pitched jokes than less dominant listeners, and vice versa, according to a study in press in Evolution and Human Behavior . (
  • Other recent books include A Cooperative Species: Human reciprocity and its evolution (with Herbert Gintis, Princeton University Press, 2011), The new economics of inequality and redistribution, (Cambridge University Press, 2012), and Microeconomics: Behavior, Institutions and Evolution (Princeton University Press, 2004). (
  • Evolution and Human Behavior , 37, 263-271. (
  • Evolution & Human Behavior , 34(3) , 164-175. (
  • Evolution & Human Behavior , 25(4) , 209-220. (
  • Evolution and Human Behavior , 210-216 . (
  • Evolution & Human Behavior , 34 , 317-322. (
  • A just-published study of birds reports new insights into the evolution of altruistic behavior. (
  • Von Neumann's analysis of rational economic behavior provides the framework for understanding biological evolution, social evolution, and artificial intelligence. (
  • Cooperative interactions gave evolution a direction and caused organelles to join into eukaryotic cells, cells to join into multi-cellular organisms, and organisms to join into hives, tribes, and countries. (
  • This knowledge lends itself to a number of applications, such as understanding animal behavior and engineering cooperative multi-agent systems, and may further help provide a fundamental basis for new industrial and medical treatments targeting communities of cooperating microorganisms.Although these behaviors are common, how evolution selected for and maintained them remains a difficult question for which several theories have been introduced. (
  • The combination of these factors results in significantly more complex dynamics.Using computational models and microbial populations, this dissertation examines several ways in which ecological factors can affect the evolution of cooperative behaviors. (
  • The researchers suggest humor may have evolved partly to help men form alliances for cooperative tasks like hunting. (
  • In a recent study, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the IESE Business School in Barcelona investigated which types of feedback tend to lead to cooperative behaviors and which to competitive behaviors. (
  • A recent paper, 'The Impact of the 'Open' Workspace on Human Collaboration,' by Harvard Business School researchers Ethan S. Bernstein and Stephen Turban, explored how architecture impacts collective behavior. (
  • Similar to humans, this plays a central role in forming and maintaining complex social relationships, recent findings carried out by researchers at the universities of Zurich and Western Australia suggest. (
  • But when young white-tailed deer perceive that there is so much danger coming from so many sources, their behavior seemed like they just relaxed, according to researchers - like there's no point in being ready to hide or flee. (
  • Analyzing more than 10,000 photos, researchers observed markedly different behavior of fawns, adult deer and predators at the three locations, dictated, they suggest, by the presence of humans and their changes to the landscape. (
  • To introduce the hypothesis into the analysis of human altruism, we employ the concepts of altruistic punishment and the behaviour-based sexual attractiveness to develop a gender-based evolutionary model where mating preference acts as the compensation to the male punishers from females in the given public goods game. (
  • Human-machine cooperation (HMC) is often still rigid and unintuitive. (
  • Hoc, J.-M.: From human-machine interaction to human-machine cooperation. (
  • Cooperation is essential for successful human societies. (
  • Such in-group favoritism has been shown to play an important role in human cooperation. (
  • Cooperation, where one individual incurs a cost to help another, is a fundamental building block of the natural world and human society. (
  • Cooperative behavior when non-cooperation is a dominant strategy (with respect to the material payoffs) is particularly puzzling. (
  • Dr. Fry, a co-originator of AI and noted authority on the subject, has published numerous journal articles and books on AI, including co-authoring the Handbook of Transformative Cooperation with Cooperrider and Appreciative Inquiry: A Positive Approach to Building Cooperative Capacity with Frank Barrett, and has developed and conducted a certificate program in Appreciative Leadership and Organizational Capacity Building in over 30 countries. (
  • Strategies for cooperation in biological markets, especially for humans. (
  • Specifically we propose to develop new perception techniques for robots based on learning and adaptation, to incorporate visual-servoing techniques for the interaction between humans-robots, to explore new interaction techniques between mobile-aerial robots with humans and to develop new cooperation techniques which facilitate the execution of urban tasks in for example, coordinate navigation, environment exploration or search for objects or persons in an urban site. (
  • Human cooperation arises from Haidt's 5 moral emotions and Kohlberg's 6 stages of human moral development. (
  • Cooperation Engineering" may be applied to both systems that mediate human interaction and to autonomous systems. (
  • Cooperative incentive design will help ensure that the smart sensor networks, collaborative decision support, and smart service systems of the eco-cities of the future work together for the greater good.We finally consider cooperation betweenvery advanced intelligent systems. (
  • Genes that led to behaviors that promoted cooperation flourished. (
  • Some psychiatric conditions are underlied by improper brain activity connected to social behavior. (
  • I went on to study biological psychology in the United States specializing in the behavioral neuroscience of fear, stress, social behaviors, aggression and trauma. (
  • In the lecture de Waal will show how empathy comes naturally to a great variety of animals, including humans, as he has found through many years of studying social behaviors in animals. (
  • Most social parents establish their dominance status over their offspring not by using aggressive behavior, but because they are better (older, more experienced) at solving problems (this is persuasion and argumentation) or only a limited and inhibited amount of force, which is quantitatively and functionally so different from aggressive behavior, that it deserves a new name (dominant behavior). (
  • Similar behavior is seen in many species of ants and other social insects, in which battles may take place between tens of thousands of individuals from different colonies. (
  • Human populations are arranged in social networks that determine interactions and influence the spread of diseases, behaviours and ideas. (
  • The social life of humans is more complicated still. (
  • Studies of the Taï population have led to insights into the construction and use of tools, cooperative hunting behavior, and many aspects of chimpanzee social life. (
  • Because chimps are socially similar to humans-they live in large groups and engage in both cooperative and antagonistic relationships throughout their lives-they serve as an ideal test group for studying changes in social behavior. (
  • But the evidence that we and our closest relatives share a social aging pattern challenges the idea that these behaviors are uniquely human. (
  • Next, however, she and Machanda will take a deeper look at how social bonds might benefit aging chimps-and whether the same mechanisms could be at work in humans. (
  • Legends and research all suggest that humans may have picked up behaviors such as cooperative hunting, raising young, emotional intelligence and social bonding from wolves. (
  • God is not necessary in order for human beings to exhibit certain patterns of social behavior which they call acting morally. (
  • The same patterns of social behavior might still go in the absence of God but it would be a delusion to think that such behavior has any objective moral significance. (
  • His theory of social interest supports this and by its nature is woven into the very fabric of human life. (
  • Working within the center's Comparative Nonprofit Sector, Listening Post, and Nonprofit Employment Data projects from 1992 until his death, Sokolowski's research interests focused on comparative research of organizations and civil society institutions, measurement of non-market social action and behavior, macroeconomics and economic sociology, organizational behavior, and social determinants of cognitive processes. (
  • In a near future, social robots will help humans in everyday tasks and they will interact and cooperate with humans in dynamic indoor or outdoor environments. (
  • This way they're able to negotiate a complex social network of cooperative relationships. (
  • In an essay that will appear in the September issue of Greater Good magazine , I speculate that cooperative child rearing (or alloparenting) is making a comeback in American cities, driven by the geographic and social isolation of new families, rough economic parity between men and women, and the high cost of quality childcare. (
  • Incentives and protocols can be designed so that it is in each individual's interest to act cooperatively.Autonomous systems can be designed with cooperative goals and we can design cooperative social contracts for systems which weren't necessarily built to be cooperative. (
  • To be effective, cooperative social contracts need to be self-stabilizing and self-enforcing. (
  • OBJECTIVES: to describe and analyze the centrality, the mute zone and the attitudes expressed in nurses' social representations of people with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. (
  • Analyzing the state of society, modern Western analysts often use types of social behavior first proposed by W. Thomas and F. Znaniecki from the Chicago School. (
  • We show that by assuming translucent players, we can recover many of the regularities observed in human behavior in well-studied games such as Prisoner's Dilemma, Traveler's Dilemma, Bertrand Competition, and the Public Goods game. (
  • Shared patterns of successful collaboratives included cultivating trust, attendance to the human dimension, nonlinear development, attendance to organizational culture, integrated philosophy of quality improvement, and a focus on process and outcome measurement to drive change. (
  • More recently, comparisons of behavior patterns seen at Taï with those exhibited in other chimpanzee populations all over Africa have led to the recognition of chimpanzee culture, an attribute previously restricted to humans. (
  • Managers and students showed similar patterns of behavior in the games. (
  • Recognizing the salience of such distinctions, political science is centrally concerned with identifying, classifying and analyzing the wide variety of observed patterns and processes of command/control in complex human societies (Deutsch 1963: ch. 9). (
  • Sokolowski authored more than 40 academic journal articles, books, and technical reports describing and explaining variations in national and cross-national patterns of organizational capacities and behavior. (
  • In animal behavior, dominance is defined as a relationship between individuals that is established through force, aggression and submission in order to establish priority access to all desired resources (food, the opposite sex, preferred resting spots, etc. (
  • This knowledge lends itself to a number of applications, such as understanding animal behavior and engineering. (
  • David L. Cooperrider, Ph.D. , Distinguished University Professor, Char and Chuck Fowler Professor of Business as an Agent of World Benefit, Fairmount Santrol - David L. Cooperrider Professor in Appreciative Inquiry and professor of organizational behavior. (
  • Ronald Fry, Ph.D. , professor of organizational behavior. (
  • 1. Development of learning, adaptive and classification techniques oriented to human-robot interaction. (
  • 2. Development of a flying robot to do interaction with humans. (
  • 3. New fundamental techniques of human-robot interaction in urban areas. (
  • We will use our IRI robots, the humanoids Tibi and Dabo and we will buy a new aerial robot to study the interaction between aerial robots and humans. (
  • Though it is very difficult to overcome fear and cultivate empathy in an environment of separation, aggression and hatred, it is possible through a principled and sustained process of education, communication and collaboration, which can be achieved using universal human languages to connect and bridge gaps, such as art and music. (
  • One individual can establish a dominant (priority access, according to the author) relationship with another through motivation, persuasion, argumentation, bluffing, bribing, all without the use of force or aggression (aggressive behavior), independently of how we understand these terms. (
  • Another idea is that dance is a cooperative way of turning potentially antisocial behavior, such as sexual inclinations or aggression, into something lighthearted and benign. (
  • These two adaptations produced a host of human emotions, and it those emotions that influence much of how we interpret and react to the world today, even though it bears no resemblance to the environment of our ancestors. (
  • Emotions are the connection between our genes and our behavior. (
  • Their genes simply programmed them to experience emotions that led to cooperative behaviors. (
  • The 17th century philosopher Thomas Hobbes believed that humans were not individually capable of transcending their selfish natures and so suggested that the function of government is to rein in our basic impulses. (
  • This contradicts the widely held assumption that humans are inherently selfish and behave morally only due to the influence of culture. (
  • Thus, understanding how cooperative and selfish behaviors spread from person to person is a topic of theoretical and practical importance. (
  • The new study "should make us think twice" about the roots of some human behaviors, says Ian Gilby, a behavioral ecologist at Arizona State University, Tempe, who was not involved in the work. (
  • Being disciplined and organized is a sign of behavioral competence which is very important for personal improvement and being respected for being a together human who is responsible for her or his behavior. (
  • This seems obvious, but it's a problem that plagues a lot of research into the behaviour of humans and other animals. (
  • Frans de Waal, who studies the behaviour of apes and monkeys, says, "Humans are tested by their own species and the apes by a different species (us). (
  • Like chimpanzees and humans, lions and wolves regularly patrol the perimeters of their territories, confronting and attacking any intruders. (
  • To answer these questions, Brosnan developed a decision-making game that would level the playing field between humans, chimpanzees and capuchin monkeys. (
  • In my opinion, the naysayers have a bias against any modern human predecessor because they want our species to be viewed as the crown of creation. (
  • Although such premeditated raids have not yet been proven in other species, many are known to take part in cooperative killing of rivals. (
  • As humans, we surely design tasks that are more intuitive to us than to other species. (
  • We don't know whether humans perform differently from other species absent these advantages. (
  • We have also recognized just how tolerant we humans can be of other species. (
  • Plus, we know that many animal species, including humans, have very tight posture when they're feeling aggressive and getting ready to attack. (
  • It is believed that about 10 percent of bird species show "cooperative breeding" behavior, in which one or more mated pairs produce chicks, which are then fed not only by the parents but by other birds sharing their territory. (
  • The finding challenges a long-standing assumption that humans mellow with age because we are aware of our approaching mortality. (
  • Remarkably similar behavior is seen in the common chimpanzee, one of our two closest genetic relatives. (
  • Machanda and colleagues gathered data from the Kibale Chimpanzee Project, which has tracked wild chimpanzee behavior in Uganda's Kibale National Park since 1987. (
  • Participants given individual feedback behaved cooperatively in the cooperative scenario and increasingly selfishly in the competitive scenario over the rounds played. (
  • Both these views of human nature suggest that cooperative behavior is inherently fragile. (
  • PAIPSAN-CCN promoted increased agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability through participatorily designed innovation development plans for formal and informal groups of beneficiaries, such as cooperatives and producers' associations, to improve and innovate their production and consolidate market opportunities. (
  • In the last few decades, numerous experiments have shown that humans do not always behave so as to maximize their material payoff. (
  • Being predictably dependable or reliable is important because trust begins to decline if a human can't depend on you to be punctual, fulfill given promises, and behave in a generally predictable fashion. (
  • The above all reflect a positive considerate attitude which is a great help when trying to motivate other humans to do well or behave well. (
  • So how did gender equality perhaps lead to humans learning the benefits of helping and working with strangers? (
  • In many nonfiction books such as Our Inner Ape or Primates and Philosophers, de Waal has repeatedly drawn attention to cooperative behaviors among the closest relatives of humans. (
  • When the playing field is levelled, there isn't a vast gulf separating our cooperative decisions from those of our closest relatives. (
  • It's politeness, recognition, in human terms (photo by unknown). (
  • Interestingly, the vampires-painted as the vilest of chiropterans-are 14 times more likely to indulge in these behaviors than other types of bats. (
  • 2. Prior to you and Jerry Wilkinson doing the work described in this study, what did we know about vampire bats' feeding behavior? (
  • Forming these cooperative relationships with peers could help older males maintain their status, helping them fend off challenges by younger and fitter chimps. (
  • Brian Paciotti received a PhD in Human Ecology from the University of California, Davis. (
  • I will trace the concept of justice as it evolves through philosophical history and show that, while the concept of justice changes as the underlying concept of human nature and psychology changes, the argument in favor of the rationality of just behavior remains coherent throughout. (
  • Concerning independent research, Brian is working on a popular press book to help people understand how the transmission of culture and human processes associated with cognitive categorization lead to important outcomes with how people think and understand abstract topics such as medical informatics. (
  • In caveman times, humans did not have the cognitive ability to conceive of the value of cooperating. (
  • That is the function (and the beauty) of the evolutionarily stable strategy dominant/submissive behavior (when defined correctly). (
  • Trust in a human, product, or service is the source of loyalty which many want and can appreciate. (
  • Loyalty is a devotion to a human, organization, cause, product, or service and it is considered an admirable trait if the human, organization, or cause is not an immoral one. (
  • Loyalty usually means getting supported and not being stabbed in the back unless it is deserved for bad or immoral behavior. (
  • Loyalty was an extension of friendship - humans looked out for those who always repaid favors, knowing that there was nothing to lose. (
  • They engage in fastidious cooperative grooming sessions just like primates and curious teenagers do. (
  • In particular, the personal and individual values, attitudes, beliefs, and behavior of any of these people may be significantly in conflict with the needs of the System. (
  • This evaluation tool was designed to tracking changes in participant knowledge, attitudes, skills, confidence, and behavior as a result of the Cooking Matters course. (
  • Survey tool for your grades 9-12 on the nutrition education topics of eating behaviors and intentions, food choices, food safety and hygiene, and physical activity attitudes. (
  • Both Henderson and Bushnell agree that there is ample renewable energy from our Sun for all existing and foreseen human societies' needs. (
  • The anthropologist Sarah Blaffer Hrdy has pointed out how cooperative child rearing has been essential at certain points in human history--for example, in hunter-gatherer societies--when fathers and adults besides the parents had to take a strong role in the care and feeding of young children. (
  • First, to the extent that compassionate love promotes behavior that benefits another person, compassionate love should be an important, even crucial, element of a successful marriage. (
  • Liberal Zionism maintains a belief in universal human rights yet it supports a Zionist ideology that endorses and promotes Israel as a Jewish state - one that has been systematically carrying out a project of apartheid and ethnic cleansing of the native Palestinian people. (
  • While the video promotes online shopping behavior change and a catchy holiday jingle, the exclusive holiday page on the SANS Security website also features expert driven advice on Shopping Safely Online over the Holidays . (
  • Scientists will often test monkeys and apes with tweaked versions of psychological games that were originally designed to test humans. (
  • His dissertation used ethnography and economic "games" to understand cooperative behavior among Tanzanian ethnic groups. (
  • There are several games used to model human interactions but none as well-known as the prisoners' dilemma. (
  • Zero sum games The Nash non cooperative model. (
  • Cooperative games, definitions, examples. (
  • Games and Economic Behavior 79 , 56-66 (2013). (
  • Human relationships have varying degrees of importance in motivational and learning theories. (
  • In brief the tasks concern first our ability to live and be useful upon the planet earth, second our ability to co-operate and have fruitful relationships with other humans and thirdly, our ability to co-operate as two sexes in love, marriage and family life from equal positions of worth. (
  • Adler is very positive about human kind, though as we move further into the book he shows through numerous examples how we come to form obstacles and restrictions to our life tasks during childhood. (
  • The goal of the study was to examine how human-dominated landscapes influence the timing, frequency and physical spacing and locations of interactions between humans, black bears, coyotes, bobcats and fawns, as well as to contrast deer vigilance behavior at each location. (
  • The harmony of interests doesn't mean that everyone gets along perfectly, but rather that we inhabit institutions that incentivize progress through ever more cooperative behavior. (
  • Existing theoretical work in decision making and behavior change has focused on how individuals arrive at decisions or form intentions. (
  • Less attention has been given to theorizing the requirements that might be necessary for individuals to work collaboratively to address difficult decisions, consider new alternatives, or change behaviors. (
  • The project also supported nutrition education to change behavior and raises awareness and knowledge about nutrition and the role of agriculture in improving nutrition outcomes. (
  • The purpose of this tool is to document client behavior change by assessing client eating behaviors before and after the nutrition education lessons. (
  • Anytime there is a sudden change in your dog's behavior, an underlying medical reason could be the cause for the change. (
  • The Big Five framework of personality traits from Costa & McCrae, 1992 has emerged as a robust model for understanding the relationship between personality and various academic behaviors. (
  • 1] In his book The Courage to Be , Kurtz helpfully distinguishes three main views in answer to this question: Theism maintains that moral values are grounded in God, Humanism maintains that moral values are grounded in human beings, and Nihilism maintains that moral values have no ground at all and therefore are ultimately illusory and non-binding. (
  • Accordingly, I am going to argue tonight that if God exists, then the objectivity of moral values and duties is secured, but that in the absence of God, that is to say, if God does not exist, then morality is plausibly just a human convention, that is to say, morality is wholly subjective and non-binding. (
  • Humans with integrity can often be trusted because they are honest and moral or ethical. (
  • People who demonstrate self-consciousness when needed are communicating cooperative intentions which helps them get along well with others," he continues. (
  • The goal is to explain how rationality can explain and/or predict and/or suggest the behavior of interacting agents. (
  • Cooperative behaviors abound in nature and can be observed across the spectrum of life, from humans and primates to bacteria and other microorganisms. (
  • Were humans this considerate, it would equate to approximately 36 minutes spent each day doing your buddy's hair and picking insects out of his fuzz. (
  • Lethal raids can be clearly distinguished from other behaviors, such as the border-testing that takes place when large mixed-sex groups loudly and overtly approach a territorial boundary to exchange visual and vocal challenges with a rival group. (
  • The ubiquity of collective motions observed at all scales, ranging from the cooperative action of molecular motors to the behavior of large animal or human groups, has driven a surge of scientific activity. (
  • At that time, humans were nomads living in small groups with close kin. (
  • First of all, through observation of his behavior in various groups and situations. (
  • The Human Rights Foundation is using USB sticks to counter Kim Jong-un's propaganda machine and influence people living in North Korea. (
  • Volunteers and scientists brought them road killed meals a couple times a week attempting the hide the smell of humans so the wolves would not relate food with people. (
  • My work applies this concept to human partnerships (e.g., friends, allies, coalition members, mates) to understand how people choose and get chosen by partners. (
  • Greener than thou: people who protect the environment are more cooperative, compete to be environmental, and benefit from reputation. (
  • Searching and tracking people with cooperative mobile robots. (
  • The project targeted small- and medium-scale landholders, rural laborers, producers' organizations, and fisher communities with limited or no assets or equipment, including women and young people, and aligned with the sector-wide Rural Development Program, which focused on poor smallholders as active participants in their own sustainable human development to achieve food security and foster agricultural exports. (
  • Equipped about 220 million olfactory receptors in their noses, dogs are also blessed with a superior sense of smell, especially when compared to humans to the mere 5-6 million receptors in people. (
  • The presence of people creates an environment where the danger seems so high that the animals basically stop having vigilance behaviors," she said. (
  • And that cooperative behavior, which is fairly unique to humans, may be rooted in the fact that our hunter-gatherer ancestors believed that women and men were equal! (
  • Cooperative Lives is his first work of fiction. (
  • Humans today live and work in communities with vast numbers of folks we're not related to. (
  • His work has been covered in The New York Times , Fast Company , Human Resources Executive Magazine , and Training Magazine . (
  • Our highly-trained team of behavior supervisors and instructors work together with family members and other professionals to target the reduction of problem behaviors and the improvement of a variety of age-appropriate skills such as socialization and communication. (
  • Dogs can bark when trying to call out to their human owner or when bored through being left alone for long periods of time or having nothing to do while its humans are at work/away from the home. (
  • These are the findings of a study conducted by the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and the IESE Business School in Barcelona. (
  • Every day since the wolves returned to Yellowstone, wolf watchers have been out in the park somewhere watching and recording movements and behavior. (
  • More importantly, MDMA increased activity in the right anterior insular when the participants played the game with trustworthy players, and decreased activity in the brain region when processing the behavior of untrustworthy players. (
  • Humans understand everything the experimenter says or explains, whereas the ape needs to figure these things out based on experience. (
  • Thus our attempts to identify the causes and correlates of compassionate love in marriage seem to be a step in a new and promising direction toward understanding positive human relations. (
  • By the very fact that the levels are so intertwined we are clearly shown Adler's understanding for the complexities of human life. (
  • He does however come across as viewing the world in rather simplistic terms that appears to contradict his obvious understanding of human complexities and differences. (
  • These breakthroughs are dramatically changing our understanding of ourselves and the nature of human society. (
  • There is some evidence that personality and motivation are intricately tied with individual differences in learning styles, and it is recommended that educators go beyond the current emphasis on cognition and include these variables in understanding academic behavior. (
  • The Rockefeller Foundation's policies] were directed to the general problem of human behavior, with the aim of control through understanding . (
  • Their typology included only three types: a philistine traditionalist (guided by habitual stereotypes), an opposite to him bohemian (rejects all values, his behavior is chaotic) and an average between them creative type that flexibly combines traditional values with new trends. (
  • The environment in which they find themselves can play a critical role in shaping the types of adaptations that organisms accumulate, since one behavior may be highly beneficial in one environment, yet a hindrance in another. (
  • Each historical interpretation will advance some form of the claim that the consistent observance of cooperative agreements is a rational strategy, and at each point an interlocutor will object. (
  • My motivating goal is to show that justice, understood as the consistent observance of cooperative agreements, is rational. (
  • The pressures toward rational economic behavior also apply to technological systems. (
  • This is what normally happens in chimp and monkey experiments, but humans are usually paid in a lump sum at the end and paired anonymously via computers. (
  • 5. Real life experiments between robots and humans. (
  • Being trustworthy is the most important thing in human relationships. (