The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks.
The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
A healthcare facility equipped to provide all but the most specialized forms of care, surgery, and diagnostic techniques.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
In evolutionary theory, overlapping geographic distribution of diverging species. In sympatric GENETIC SPECIATION, genetic diversion occurs without geographic separation.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
The status of health in urban populations.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The status of health in rural populations.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Using physical-chemistry-based substitution models in phylogenetic analyses of HIV-1 subtypes. (1/6654)

HIV-1 subtype phylogeny is investigated using a previously developed computational model of natural amino acid site substitutions. This model, based on Boltzmann statistics and Metropolis kinetics, involves an order of magnitude fewer adjustable parameters than traditional substitution matrices and deals more effectively with the issue of protein site heterogeneity. When optimized for sequences of HIV-1 envelope (env) proteins from a few specific subtypes, our model is more likely to describe the evolutionary record for other subtypes than are methods using a single substitution matrix, even a matrix optimized over the same data. Pairwise distances are calculated between various probabilistic ancestral subtype sequences, and a distance matrix approach is used to find the optimal phylogenetic tree. Our results indicate that the relationships between subtypes B, C, and D and those between subtypes A and H may be closer than previously thought.  (+info)

Prehistoric birds from New Ireland, Papua New Guinea: extinctions on a large Melanesian island. (2/6654)

At least 50 species of birds are represented in 241 bird bones from five late Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological sites on New Ireland (Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea). The bones include only two of seabirds and none of migrant shorebirds or introduced species. Of the 50 species, at least 12 (petrel, hawk, megapode, quail, four rails, cockatoo, two owls, and crow) are not part of the current avifauna and have not been recorded previously from New Ireland. Larger samples of bones undoubtedly would indicate more extirpated species and refine the chronology of extinction. Humans have lived on New Ireland for ca. 35,000 years, whereas most of the identified bones are 15,000 to 6,000 years old. It is suspected that most or all of New Ireland's avian extinction was anthropogenic, but this suspicion remains undetermined. Our data show that significant prehistoric losses of birds, which are well documented on Pacific islands more remote than New Ireland, occurred also on large, high, mostly forested islands close to New Guinea.  (+info)

Ancestral origins and worldwide distribution of the PRNP 200K mutation causing familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. (3/6654)

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) belongs to a group of prion diseases that may be infectious, sporadic, or hereditary. The 200K point mutation in the PRNP gene is the most frequent cause of hereditary CJD, accounting for >70% of families with CJD worldwide. Prevalence of the 200K variant of familial CJD is especially high in Slovakia, Chile, and Italy, and among populations of Libyan and Tunisian Jews. To study ancestral origins of the 200K mutation-associated chromosomes, we selected microsatellite markers flanking the PRNP gene on chromosome 20p12-pter and an intragenic single-nucleotide polymorphism at the PRNP codon 129. Haplotypes were constructed for 62 CJD families originating from 11 world populations. The results show that Libyan, Tunisian, Italian, Chilean, and Spanish families share a major haplotype, suggesting that the 200K mutation may have originated from a single mutational event, perhaps in Spain, and spread to all these populations with Sephardic migrants expelled from Spain in the Middle Ages. Slovakian families and a family of Polish origin show another unique haplotype. The haplotypes in families from Germany, Sicily, Austria, and Japan are different from the Mediterranean or eastern European haplotypes. On the basis of this study, we conclude that founder effect and independent mutational events are responsible for the current geographic distribution of hereditary CJD associated with the 200K mutation.  (+info)

mtDNA analysis of Nile River Valley populations: A genetic corridor or a barrier to migration? (4/6654)

To assess the extent to which the Nile River Valley has been a corridor for human migrations between Egypt and sub-Saharan Africa, we analyzed mtDNA variation in 224 individuals from various locations along the river. Sequences of the first hypervariable segment (HV1) of the mtDNA control region and a polymorphic HpaI site at position 3592 allowed us to designate each mtDNA as being of "northern" or "southern" affiliation. Proportions of northern and southern mtDNA differed significantly between Egypt, Nubia, and the southern Sudan. At slowly evolving sites within HV1, northern-mtDNA diversity was highest in Egypt and lowest in the southern Sudan, and southern-mtDNA diversity was highest in the southern Sudan and lowest in Egypt, indicating that migrations had occurred bidirectionally along the Nile River Valley. Egypt and Nubia have low and similar amounts of divergence for both mtDNA types, which is consistent with historical evidence for long-term interactions between Egypt and Nubia. Spatial autocorrelation analysis demonstrates a smooth gradient of decreasing genetic similarity of mtDNA types as geographic distance between sampling localities increases, strongly suggesting gene flow along the Nile, with no evident barriers. We conclude that these migrations probably occurred within the past few hundred to few thousand years and that the migration from north to south was either earlier or lesser in the extent of gene flow than the migration from south to north.  (+info)

Distribution of haplotypes from a chromosome 21 region distinguishes multiple prehistoric human migrations. (5/6654)

Despite mounting genetic evidence implicating a recent origin of modern humans, the elucidation of early migratory gene-flow episodes remains incomplete. Geographic distribution of haplotypes may show traces of ancestral migrations. However, such evolutionary signatures can be erased easily by recombination and mutational perturbations. A 565-bp chromosome 21 region near the MX1 gene, which contains nine sites frequently polymorphic in human populations, has been found. It is unaffected by recombination and recurrent mutation and thus reflects only migratory history, genetic drift, and possibly selection. Geographic distribution of contemporary haplotypes implies distinctive prehistoric human migrations: one to Oceania, one to Asia and subsequently to America, and a third one predominantly to Europe. The findings with chromosome 21 are confirmed by independent evidence from a Y chromosome phylogeny. Loci of this type will help to decipher the evolutionary history of modern humans.  (+info)

High recombination rate in natural populations of Plasmodium falciparum. (6/6654)

Malaria parasites are sexually reproducing protozoa, although the extent of effective meiotic recombination in natural populations has been debated. If meiotic recombination occurs frequently, compared with point mutation and mitotic rearrangement, linkage disequilibrium between polymorphic sites is expected to decline with increasing distance along a chromosome. The rate of this decline should be proportional to the effective meiotic recombination rate in the population. Multiple polymorphic sites covering a 5-kb region of chromosome 9 (the msp1 gene) have been typed in 547 isolates from six populations in Africa to test for such a decline and estimate its rate in populations of Plasmodium falciparum. The magnitude of two-site linkage disequilibrium declines markedly with increasing molecular map distance between the sites, reaching nonsignificant levels within a map range of 0.3-1.0 kb in five of the populations and over a larger map distance in the population with lowest malaria endemicity. The rate of decline in linkage disequilibrium over molecular map distance is at least as rapid as that observed in most chromosomal regions of other sexually reproducing eukaryotes, such as humans and Drosophila. These results are consistent with the effective recombination rate expected in natural populations of P. falciparum, predicted on the basis of the underlying molecular rate of meiotic crossover and the coefficient of inbreeding caused by self-fertilization events. This is conclusive evidence to reject any hypothesis of clonality or low rate of meiotic recombination in P. falciparum populations. Moreover, the data have major implications for the design and interpretation of population genetic studies of selection on P. falciparum genes.  (+info)

The modulation of DNA content: proximate causes and ultimate consequences. (7/6654)

The forces responsible for modulating the large-scale features of the genome remain one of the most difficult issues confronting evolutionary biology. Although diversity in chromosomal architecture, nucleotide composition, and genome size has been well documented, there is little understanding of either the evolutionary origins or impact of much of this variation. The 80,000-fold divergence in genome sizes among eukaryotes represents perhaps the greatest challenge for genomic holists. Although some researchers continue to characterize much variation in genome size as a mere by-product of an intragenomic selfish DNA "free-for-all" there is increasing evidence for the primacy of selection in molding genome sizes via impacts on cell size and division rates. Moreover, processes inducing quantum or doubling series variation in gametic or somatic genome sizes are common. These abrupt shifts have broad effects on phenotypic attributes at both cellular and organismal levels and may play an important role in explaining episodes of rapid-or even saltational-character state evolution.  (+info)

Identification of a distinct common strain of "Norwalk-like viruses" having a global distribution. (8/6654)

"Norwalk-like viruses" (NLVs) are the most common cause of outbreaks of nonbacterial gastroenteritis. During molecular surveillance of NLV strains from 152 outbreaks of gastroenteritis that occurred in the US between August 1993 and July 1997, we identified an NLV strain that predominated during the 1995-1996 season. The "95/96-US" strain caused 60 outbreaks in geographically distant locations within the US and was identified, by sequence comparisons, in an additional 7 countries on 5 continents during the same period. This is the first demonstration linking a single NLV strain globally and suggests that the circulation of these strains might involve patterns of transmission not previously considered. The diagnostic techniques are now available to establish a global network for surveillance of NLV strains that would highlight the importance of NLVs worldwide and allow molecular identification of common strains having a global distribution so as to consider interventions for their control.  (+info)

Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Panama/Geography. Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster. 1961-2014. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Panama/Geography,.. Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Panama/Geography, [assessed 1961-2014]. Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster [Internet]. 1961-2014. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Panama/Geography,.. Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1961-2014.. Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Panama/Geography (assessed 1961-2014). Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Panama/Geography (last visited 1961-2014). Panama Geography Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Panama/Geography (as of 1961-2014). ...
The term geo in geodesign can be simply defined as geographic space - space that is ref-erenced to the surface of the earth (geo-referenced). In general, thinking of geographic space brings to mind a 2D geographic space (a flat map) or, for those who are a bit more advanced in their thinking, a 2.5D geographic…
This article will draw on CGAs experience applying geographic analysis to public health research. Pertinent data available in geographic format will be reviewed, the full project workflow CGA employs to conduct projects will be articulated, and case studies in public health geography will be presented.. ...
If you are travelling to India then you might wish to learn a few things about the geography of India. So heres a brief introduction to the geographical features of India.
Module co-ordinator: Professor Heiko Balzter. Ecosystems provide vital services to people, ranging from provision of natural resources such as food and timber, to the regulation of flood risk and the cultural values of landscapes. Many of these services are under intense pressure by human land use and climate change. Geographical methods are important for the assessment of ecosystem services across the world. These include working with spatial data and satellite images.. ...
Contrary to the predictions of Rapoports rule (29, 47), median range size of dispersion fields decreases with latitude (rs =-0.42) and longitude (rs =-0.67) because of the substantial number of species with large geographic ranges in eastern and central Brazil (Fig. 1). The area of 1° quadrats varies from 12,308 km2 (equator) to 7,036 km2 (56°S) within South America. Owing to the shape of the continent, 70.6% of 1° quadrats occur at tropical latitudes (≤24° latitude; quadrat area ≥11,312 km2). Because of latitudinal variation in quadrat area, geographic range sizes of species restricted to tropical latitudes are underestimated relative to the range sizes of species endemic to higher latitudes. This bias strengthens one of the principal findings of our study; the size of assemblage dispersion fields from eastern and central Brazil is unusually large relative to those observed in the Andes and at higher latitudes (,35° S).. Assemblage Dispersion Fields Illustrate the Probable Geometry of ...
This is a great age for Geography. Very big questions - climate, poverty, disease, migration, water, energy, biodiversity - all demand geographical analysis, as do specific national issues in the UK, like housing, social deprivation, flooding and regional development. As the population grows, and with pressures on the Earths systems increasing, geography has never been so important. (Nicholas Crane; RGS-IBG President). Take the challenge to learn new geographical skills at the Philip Morant School & College; to become a outstanding geographer and better understand the world around you. Mr P Norman, Subject Leader, Geography.. ...
Im not quite sure how to express this and not sure if I consider it an issue or not, but someone brought it to my attention when I was demonstrating how to create a column. If you create a geography column as geography(POINT,4326) vs. geography(POINT) They are different. They dont have the same SRID and in order to convert a geography(POINT) to a geography(POINT,4326) you have to do something goofy like this ALTER TABLE sometable ALTER COLUMN the_geog TYPE (geography(POINT,4326)) USING geography(ST_SetSRID(geometry(the_geog),4326) ); Given that we dont support unknown SRID -- it seems kind of silly to have people do this and takes a long time for a large table. Unfortunately not sure if there is anyway around this aside from enforcing the requirement of SRID (dont allow unknown for now, but allow it later when/if we support multiple SRIDs). Im not sure what the best resolution is for this since its technically not a bug, but an annoyance. ...
The position of the harbors, along with the influence of anthropogenic and natural factors, may be of great significance for the further development of marine traffic. The analysis of regions about cargo traffic sets a good example of how global marrine traffic should be treated [1]. The application of two algorithms such as Infomap and Walktrap could explain the interaction between the city harbors and the cities by means of road and railroad networks [2]. Geoinformatics and the application of GIS could be the new approach to study more efficient exploitation of harbors. India, which is becoming one of the leading world economies, will be strongly oriented to the exploitation of the sea harbors. This study has shown that by means of the analysis of the main export harbors as well as by the analysis of container export in the USA, it is possible to define the advantages and disadvantages of the harbors themselves [3].. In the last decades, the ports in the hugely populated areas have developed ...
All students complete a core within Geography that provides a broad background in the discipline. The Bachelor of Arts in Geography emphasizes proficiency in human geography and develops skills in a foreign language. All students are required to have a minor. Students are encouraged to develop with their advisors an individualized program of study within these degrees. The department emphasizes the integration of human and physical geography and encourages the use of geospatial technologies (GIS, Remote Sensing, and Cartography). Our specialties include the American West, biogeography, climatology, cultural historical geography, land use planning and water resources.. If youd like to learn more about what the Geography program offers, get answers regarding financial aid or receive assistance when applying, please complete the form below to speak to one of our Admission Coordinators.. ...
The knowledge of a species population structure is essential for the development of adequate conservation actions as well as for the understanding of its evolution. The population structure is unknown in all species of the Genus Psammodromus, including the Western Sand Racer (Psammodromus occidentalis; a recently described species), the Edwards Sand Racer (P. edwardsianus) and the Spanish Sand Racer (P. hispanicus). In this article, the genetic variability and population structure of Psammodromus edwardsianus, P. hispanicus, and P. occidentalis were studied in the Iberian Peninsula covering their natural geographic distribution. Mitochondrial DNA showed genetically different units in all species with higher genetic variability in their southern populations (latitudinal variation). Genetic differentiation was different among species and contrasted to those of species with similar characteristics. Our results therefore highlight the importance of species-specific studies analysing population structure.
THE doctrine that land forms have had a history chiefly distinguishes the new geography from the old. Geography, indeed, takes account of sea as well as land, of the phenomena of the atmosphere, the distribution of organisms, including man, of economic products and political divisions. But the new phase of geography, which is sometimes known as physiography, and later, as geomorphology, is not an isolated and formal element of the science; it rather underlies the whole, modifying or, more truly, controlling climate, organic distribution, and the history of man. The new geography can not, therefore, be charged with infringing upon the rights of the old, for it contributes vitality, unity, and continuity to the whole range of geographic fact and theory; it rejects absolutely the category of the author of one of our textbooks in physical geography, that the air, the water, and the land are the three dead geographic forms.. Geography is sometimes defined as a description of the earth as it is, ...
The College District, as established by citizen vote, is coterminous with that of Hockley County, Texas, and the Whiteface Independent School District portion of Cochran County, Texas, as it existed March 22, 1958. As defined by legislative act of the 74th Legislature of the State of Texas, the Colleges service area includes the territory within Bailey, Lamb, Hale, Floyd, Motley, Cochran, Hockley, Lubbock, Crosby, Yoakum, Terry, Lynn, and Garza counties and Gaines County, except the territory within the Seminole Independent School District. (Texas Education Code 130.198) Revised: 3/10/05. ...
a) Financial support for SC programs and services shall be provided by participating members with private, state, and federal financial support supplementing as available. The SC board of directors may, in each year, for the purpose of paying any administrative, planning, operating, or capital expenses incurred or to be incurred, assess and certify to each participating school district, nonpublic school administrative unit, city, county, and other governmental unit its proportionate share of all expenses. This share shall be based upon the extent of participation by each school district, nonpublic school administrative unit, city, county, or other governmental unit and shall be in the form of a service fee. Each participating school district, nonpublic school administrative unit, city, county, or other governmental unit shall remit its assessment to the SC board as provided in the SC bylaws. The assessments shall be paid within the maximum levy limitations of each participating member. No ...
a) Financial support for SC programs and services shall be provided by participating members with private, state, and federal financial support supplementing as available. The SC board of directors may, in each year, for the purpose of paying any administrative, planning, operating, or capital expenses incurred or to be incurred, assess and certify to each participating school district, nonpublic school administrative unit, city, county, and other governmental unit its proportionate share of all expenses. This share shall be based upon the extent of participation by each school district, nonpublic school administrative unit, city, county, or other governmental unit and shall be in the form of a service fee. Each participating school district, nonpublic school administrative unit, city, county, or other governmental unit shall remit its assessment to the SC board as provided in the SC bylaws. The assessments shall be paid within the maximum levy limitations of each participating member. No ...
A Level Geography at the RGS is one of the most engaging, intriguing and complex subjects you can study. Ashamedly, I initially chose Geography with the intention of dropping it after the first term. However, after just a fortnight of lessons it became clear that Geography was the most relevant and captivating subject I was doing. Geography is such a broad subject; one lesson you could be studying tectonic plates and the next, the spread of a disease such as COVID-19. These are examples of topics I have particularly enjoyed, but I have also found studying glaciation and migration particularly fun.. It is this complexity that has prompted me to continue Geography at university. As well as the broad education you will get from studying it, the course provides students with many transferable skills that universities and employers look for. You will finish the course being able to methodically analyse data, as well with the ability to present an argument effectively. Ultimately, studying Geography ...
TNPSC Geography notes, TNPSC Geography Study Material, TNPSC Geography, TNPSC Geography Questions, TNPSC Geography question and answer, TNPSC Geography online test, TNPSC online test,
The human population has increased greatly in size in the last 100,000 years, but the initial stimuli to growth, the times when expansion started, and their variation between different parts of the world are poorly understood. We have investigated male demography in East Asia, applying a Bayesian full-likelihood analysis to data from 988 men representing 27 populations from China, Mongolia, Korea, and Japan typed with 45 binary and 16 STR markers from the Y chromosome. According to our analysis, the northern populations examined all started to expand in number between 34 (18-68) and 22 (12-39) thousand years ago (KYA), before the last glacial maximum at 21-18 KYA, while the southern populations all started to expand between 18 (6-47) and 12 (1-45) KYA, but then grew faster. We suggest that the northern populations expanded earlier because they could exploit the abundant megafauna of the Mammoth Steppe, while the southern populations could increase in number only when a warmer and more stable ...
The mission of the Geography Department is to introduce students to the substance and methods of spatial theory and analysis. We are committed to offering a curriculum that contributes to our students appreciation of an increasingly complex world.. Geography shares with other social sciences an interest in the human condition. What distinguishes geography is its methods of examination. We seek to understand spatial patterns, how they change through time, and the underlying processes responsible for them. Accordingly, geography is sensitive to issues such as scale, area, and distance, whether measured in miles, minutes, or the mental metric of a particular individual. It is our objective to share the value of these concepts with our students while recognizing that the spatial perspective neither precludes nor devalues the importance of diverse contexts and ideas.. Geography has a legacy of studying the distribution of both human and physical phenomena. While undoubtedly easier to treat these as ...
The National Council for Geographic Education and American Association of Geographers Award for Excellence of Scholarship is awarded to an outstanding senior majoring in geography. The David A. Lanegran Award, named for the longest serving member of the department, is presented to a student or students in recognition of significant contributions to the community life of the department. The Hildegard Binder Johnson Prize in Geography, named for the founder of the department, is awarded annually to academically outstanding students in geography. In addition, exceptional majors and minors in geography are eligible for membership in Epsilon Kappa, the Macalester chapter of Gamma Theta Upsilon, the national honor society in geography. ...
LOWEST PRICES ON U.S. Geography Curriculum / Unit Studies,U.S. Geography References / Atlases,U.S. Geography Maps,U.S. Geography Informational / Textual Resources,U.S. Geography Workbooks / Hands-On Activities / Software
Geography majors must concentrate in a specialization within the major. The concentrations shown below are designed to prepare a student for a career or further study in geography. Selections of a concentration should be made as early as possible with an advisor. Students are also strongly encouraged to develop foreign language and computer skills. Geography majors may complete an approved minor through a combination of five (5) related elective courses and/or free electives. This is to be done in consultation with the students advisor. Note: Regional geography courses, other than GEOG 110 World Regional Geography, are strongly recommended as related courses or free electives.. ...
There are many visions of Geography that are debated, including what should be part of the Geography National Curriculum.. Youll engage with these debates and develop your own clear vision of Geography. This process is an essential element in your professional development and will help you to establish confidence and competence.. By the end of the programme youll be confident and creative, able to teach geography to 11-19 year olds. The programme will also prepare you for playing an active and innovative leadership role in a Geography department.. ...
Geography at the University of Leicester offers a four year degree programme with a year abroad, available to students taking Geography BA, Human Geography BA, Geography BSc and Physical Geography BSc. Find out about how to apply and more.
Permanent cropland (% of land area) in Middle income was last measured at 1.86 in 2011, according to the World Bank. Permanent cropland is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Permanent cropland (% of land area) in Middle income.
This talk is about creating visualizations for data that includes geographical locations. We will be using data from InsideAirbnb.com to represent the current status of Airbnb listings in Mallorca.. We will show practical examples of different visualizations of geographical data:. First, we will start with how to use bokeh to overlay data on google maps. We will use examples to show how the GMapPlot interface works. We will briefly explain how to use it, and what are its limitations.. Then, we will talk about plotting shapefiles with holoviews. Shapefiles are files that describe the shape of maps. We will explain how to deal with shapefiles. For instance, we will describe how we use shapefiles to group geographical data by regions. We will also briefly explain how holoviews works and how it can be used to display geographical data.. Moreover, we will talk about using datashader and geoviews to visualize big data. First, we will briefly introduce datashader, bin based plotting and the datashader ...
Progression Models. Literacy (including subject vital vocab). Geography requires its own vocabulary with lots of tier 3 specialist terminology such as Hydraulic Action, Biodiversity, Convectional Rainfall, Destructive plate boundary, environmental impacts etc. This is vital for pupils to know and understand if progress is to be made. Then there is also a need to be able to articulate fully our ideas using Tier 2 Vocabulary such as assess, because, compare, describe, evaluate etc. so good literacy skills are vital to be a good geographer. As such on each GCSE geography exam, 6 out 88 marks are awarded for SPAG which represents 7 % of the total mark of each paper. Click here for our Subject Vital Vocab Careers and progression. Geography is a very highly regarded academic qualification that has the flexibility to keep lots of doors of opportunity open in terms of future careers. Studying geography develops your analytical and communication skills as well as your ability to evaluate data, all ...
History is moving to the Cloud.. Geographys influence on History has changed over time because of a new player: Technology.. Geography was the overwhelming force driving History early on. Like the board in a game of draughts.. Geography heavily restricted the moves that History could make. (Read more on this in Prisoners of Geography book authored by Tim Marshall). As Technology evolved-and in Technology I include technology, know-how, materials, government quality, military tactics… any idea, any meme that can improve proliferation-the pieces of the game became more complex and versatile. Geography started influencing less, and other aspects mattered more. The world went from a game of draughts to a game of chess: With more complex pieces, the game became more complex. Opportunities for new combinations emerged ...
Ideas for Using Geography A to Z in the Classroom. Education Worlds Geography A to Z feature presents a weekly printable work sheet for students. The purpose of the activity is to build geography/cultural literacy and to provide an activity that will engage students as they develop basic research skills. The Geography A to Z work sheets can be used in the classroom in a wide variety of ways. Following are just a few ideas: ...
Address: 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cay Giay, Ha Noi. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ...
Asia-Pacific: India, China, Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, Singapore, and Australia.. 2-Page profiles for 10+ leading manufacturers and 10+ leading retailers is included, along with 3 years financial history to illustrate the recent performance of the market. Revised and updated discussion for 2018 of key macro and micro market influences impacting the sector are provided with a thought-provoking qualitative comment on future opportunities and threats. This report combines the best of both statistically relevant quantitative data from the industry, coupled with relevant and insightful qualitative comment and analysis.. Global Nucleic Acid Labeling Product Types In-Depth: , Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Labeling & Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Labeling. Global Nucleic Acid Labeling Major Applications/End users: Laboratory, Testing Institutions & Other Geographical Analysis: United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India & Central & South America. In order to get a deeper view of Market Size, ...
The Intravenous Filter market is the establishment of the worldwide development angles and prospects since the improvement of an explicit idea requires different tech-bolstered approaches, thoughts, and speculations. The worldwide market report has regular confinements, capable parameters, and definite explanation of the unprecedented information alongside the inspected present and future patterns that may affect the growth.. The global Intravenous Filter market report provides geographic analysis covering regions, such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World. The Intravenous Filter market for each region is further segmented for major countries including the U.S., Canada, Germany, the U.K., France, Italy, China, India, Japan, Brazil, South Africa, and others.. Browse Full Report: https://www.marketresearchengine.com/intravenous-filter-market. The global Intravenous Filter market is segregated on the basis of Product as Recyclable and Unrecyclable. Based on End-User the ...
This is an excellent interactive map that allows the user to explore the various neighborhoods of New York City and analyze the housing market for a particular income bracket. Ive discovered that trying to purchase a home or rent an apartment can be one of the best hands-on lessons in urban social geography. I envision a dynamic project that could be designed around this resource where several members of a group are given different demographic characteristics (for example: single income, 2 married adults, 3 children under 10 years of age) and income levels and a fixed workplace. Where would you live? What determines your choices? What would your personal geographies look like? | Geography Education
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Diigo group for IB Geography teachers preparing resources for the The Geography of Food and Health optional theme of the IB Geography syllabus.
Categoría:Geografía del departamento de Deux-Sèvres (es); Catégorie:Géographie des Deux-Sèvres (fr); Category:Geografie o Deux-Sèvres (sco); Category:Geography of Deux-Sèvres (en); Categoria:Geografia de Deux-Sèvres (ca); Category:Geography of Deux-Sèvres (en-ca); Kategorio:Geografio de Deux-Sèvres (eo); بؤلمه:دو-سور جوغرافیاسی (azb); Categoria:Geografia de Deux-Sèvres (pt); Categoria:Geografia de Deux-Sèvres (pt-br); 분류:되세브르주의 지리 (ko); Category:Geography of Deux-Sèvres (en-gb); تصنيف:جغرافيا دو سيفر (ar); Κατηγορία:Γεωγραφία των Ντε-Σεβρ (el); رده:جغرافیای دو-سور (fa) विकिमिडिया श्रेणी (dty); Wikimedia-Kategorie (nds); κατηγορία εγχειρημάτων Wikimedia (el); Wikimedia-kategori (sv); Wikimedia:Klassys (kw); kategori e Wikimedias (sq); kategorija na Wikimediji (bs); kategorie na projektech Wikimedia (cs); kategori Wikimedia (ms); ...
Despite stalking (almost) all the geography threads, I cant seem to find anything for GCSE Geography... which doesnt really help me. As exams are coming up in 2 months, I should finally begin to revise for geo but Im stumped. Ive never actually revised for geography at all so some help with how to structure my notes and some resources would be really appreciated ...
Find out what other homeschoolers think of Geography Matters - what worked and what didnt. Our Geography Matters reviews have been submitted by homeschoolers for homeschoolers. Pros and cons of Geography Matters, what worked and what didnt for each age and learning style, and more.
Geography Courses in Surrey. Search for the most up-to-date Geography course offers on Emagister. Information on a wide variety of Geography courses across the UK in just one click
Browse our University Geography Tutors. Tutor Hunt has a wide range of Geography tutors covering the whole of the UK. Communicate with tutors directly for free.
The global anesthesia & respiratory devices market is classified on the basis of the types of the device, application & geographical analysis. North American anesthesia and respiratory devices market to retain its dominance during the forecast period.
It encompasses maps derived from the geographic analysis of the results of the Population Censuses and Censuses of Agriculture, as well as other demographic, economic and social information, among other topics.. ...
Returns zip codes within specified range. */ CREATE Procedure sp_ZipCode_Range ( @ZipCode Numeric(5, 0) = Null, @Miles Float ) As set nocount on Declare @Latitude Float(10) Declare @Longitude Float(10) -- Lookup longitude, latitude for zip codes Select @Latitude = Latitude, @Longitude = Longitude From State Where Zip = @ZipCode Select Zip, Zip_Name, -- Zip_Name, Avg(3958.75 * ACos(Sin(@Latitude/57.2958) * Sin(Latitude/57.2958) + Cos(@Latitude/57.2958) * Cos(Latitude/57.2958) * Cos(Longitude/57.2958 - @Longitude/57.2958))) As Miles From State Where Longitude Is Not Null And Latitude Is Not Null And @Miles >= ( 3958.75 * ACos(Sin(@Latitude/57.2958) * Sin(Latitude/57.2958) + Cos(@Latitude/57.2958) * Cos(Latitude/57.2958) * Cos(Longitude/57.2958 - @Longitude/57.2958)) ) And Zip != @ZipCode Group by zip, zip_name Order by miles return GO ...
HTF Market Intelligence released a new research report on title Blood Filter Market with detailed analysis, forecast and strategies. The study covers geographic analysis and important players/vendors.
Downloadable! The most striking fact about the economic geography of the world is the uneven spatial distribution of economic activity, including the coexistence of economic development and underdevelopment. High-income regions are almost entirely concentrated in a few temperate zones, half of the worlds GDP is produced by 15 percent of the worlds population, and 54 percent of the worlds GDP is produced by countries occupying just 10 percent of the worlds land area. The poorest half of the worlds population produces only 14 percent of the worlds GDP, and 17 of the poorest 20 nations are in tropical Africa. The unevenness is also manifest within countries and within metropolitan concentrations of activity. Why are these spatial differences in land rents and wages not bid away by firms and individuals in search of low-cost or high-income locations? Why does economic activity cluster in centers of activity? And what are the consequences of remoteness from existing centers? The authors argue that
Ecological models relating to wildlife often have a spatial component to incorporate the influence of relevant landscape or geographical features. We use spatial data (from GPS or radio tracking) to explore animal movements in relation to their environment (e.g. home range/ habitat use or trajectory analysis).. Habitat and landscape features can also be used to make inference about the likely presence of animals in given areas (habitat suitability) which can be used in process based models.. Spatial point processes allow us to investigate the clustering of events in time and space to allow us to investigate patterns and determine associated risk factors (e.g. disease). Analysis is carried out in a range of spatial software including GRASS, ARCGIS, Ranges and spatial packages in R.. ...
We appreciate Dr Grants comments (1) on our descriptive analysis of multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence in 3 US communities (2). Respectfully, we disagree that we misinterpreted the findings. As researchers, we are cautious about speculating beyond the presented data or offering policy recommendations that are not sufficiently supported by the findings.. Dr Grant focused his comments on 2 aspects of our manuscript. First, he reiterates the similarities between our findings and those by others (3) but criticizes the absence of a detailed comparison between the 2 data sets. The figure presented by Dr Grant supports our findings of a geographic gradient but does little to extend the argument that UV exposure is protective for MS. Dr Grants argument is based on replacing 1 exposure variable that is assigned at the population level, latitude, with another correlated variable, UV exposure.. Second, Dr Grant notes that we failed to suggest a mechanism for the link. As indicated in our discussion (2), ...
center>,big>,big>,big>Palaeos.org,/big>,/big>,/big> ,br>,br> ,big>A multi-authored Encyclopedia on the history of life on Earth,/big>,/center> ,br>,br> ,big>,big>Welcome to Palaeos.org!,/big>,/big> ,br>,br> Were just getting settled in at the moment, so for now please go to [http://www.palaeos.com Palaeos.com] for content, or if you want, sign up and help build what is hoped will be the webs most comprehensive project on the history and [[evolution]] of [[life]] through [[time]], and for that matter of the Earth as a whole. ,br>,br> ==Navigation== {{Palaeos}} As the orientating diagrams of Palaeos, coloured [[navigation,menus]] will allow the visitor or [[how to contribute,wiki editor]] to navigate around the site, tracing the [[phylogeny,lineages]] of life, whether [[extant,present-day organisms]] or the [[LUCA,ultimate]] [[common ancestor]] over [[mya,millions of years]] of time, [[continental drift,drifiting continents]] and changing [[ geography,geographical features]], and through ...
People and Resources (Population, Culture, Land Use) 75 Anchor Charts (Great as Bellringers, Word Walls, and Concept Boards) → THIS IS ALSO PART OF SEVERAL BUNDLES -World Geography MEGA BUNDLE -People & Resources (Population, Culture, Land Use) BUNDLE -Geography ANCHOR...
French Polynesia Geography Stats, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Polynesia/Geography. French Polynesia Geography Stats, NationMaster. 1961-2014. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Polynesia/Geography,.. French Polynesia Geography Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Polynesia/Geography, [assessed 1961-2014]. French Polynesia Geography Stats, NationMaster [Internet]. 1961-2014. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Polynesia/Geography,.. French Polynesia Geography Stats, NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1961-2014.. French Polynesia Geography Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Polynesia/Geography (assessed 1961-2014). French Polynesia Geography Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Polynesia/Geography (last visited ...
N.C. Stenseth, O.N. Bjørnstad and T. Saitoh: Seasonal forcing on the dynamics of Clethrionomys rufocanus - modeling geographic gradients in population dynamics
Downloadable (with restrictions)! The purpose of this paper is to investigate the pattern of knowledge flows as indicated by the patent citations in three areas: USA, Japan and Europe. In each economic area, we use information from United States Patent and Trademarks Office data to assess empirically the impact of the technological and geographical proximities for 530 international firms. In particular, the contribution to the existing literature is twofold: first, we use an international sample in such a way that we may compare the empirical results among different economic markets; second, we extend the analysis of the determinants of knowledge spillovers, taking into account the time dimension of the effects of the proximities. In order to compute the technological proximity, we follow the methodology developed by A.B. Jaffe (1986. Technological opportunity and spillovers of R&D: Evidence from firms patents, profits and market value. American Economic Review 76, no. 5: 984--1001), where a
A geographic information transfer method and system is described. The method includes receiving at a host system server data describing a client computers connection to a computer network, querying a database to obtain geographic data associated with the received data, and transmitting localized information from the host system to the client computer based on the geographic data. A geographic cookie file may be generated and written to a client computer for future use. The geographic cookie file may be used to transmit localized data or to block transmission of data to a specified geographic location.
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Mapping geographical inequalities in childhood diarrhoeal morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17: Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Earths crust - climate - colonization - water supply - transport - economic relations - these are just a few key words that describe the diverse aspects of geography. This discipline deals with the forms and processes of the Earths surface in its spacial differentiation and human activities in its social and physical environment. It is typical for geographers to include natural science, social science, and economic perspectives and systematically link them.. Physical geography concentrates primarily on natural science research approaches and methods, such as in climatology, geomorphology, and geoecology.. Anthropogeography works from an economic-social science perspective, such as in commercial geography, transport geography, urban geography, and population geography.. Studies in Aachen consist of components from physical geography, anthropogeography, geographical methods, and regional geography. Starting in the fourth semester the curriculum offers students the opportunity to specialize ...
Organizers: Olav Slaymaker, University of British Columbia, Marc Tadaki, University of British Columbia, and Yvonne Martin, University of Calgary.. Physical geography is a sub-set of the discipline of Geography. Up until the 1950s, physical geography functioned as the physical basis of Geography. Understanding the ways in which bio-geophysical forms and processes operate at the Earths surface was a necessary prelude to studying the interactions of socio-political processes with bio-geophysical systems. The rationale for physical geography was entirely pragmatic: it existed as a servant of the parent discipline and any philosophical underpinnings were left to Geography. Over the past century, the scholarly priorities across Geographys sub-disciplines have changed substantially, valuing or prizing different forms of knowledge along the way. The quantitative revolution of the 1960s, for example, saw a convergence around positivist methods for both physical and (some forms of) human geography. ...
Explore careers in Human Geography, Physical Geography, Geomatics, and Environmental Studies. If you have a scientific or empirical research model for your project in mind, you may be looking towards a topic on physical geography. Thanks are due to DST and my colleagues. Projects are undertaken in cooperation with these universities in GIS, tourism and urban studies. Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems And Remote Sensing. Architecture, Built ... Geography and Environmental Science Research Projects. Refer to Section 9 of the General Regulations. This list provides the topics for teaching and learning. The broad aims of the Bachelor of Geography and Environmental Studies Honours degree programme are to provide students with: 2.1 An opportunity to study the discipline of geography and to focus on aspects of human and physical geography and related environmental phenomena in more detail as they progress through the programme. Funding: AHRC - Global Challenges Research Fund. Finally, the ...
John Wilson, director of the Spatial Sciences Institute, has been named a 2014 University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) fellow, joining a group of the most esteemed scholars in the field of geographic information science.. Wilson, among the worlds leading scholars in spatial sciences, was recognized for his early research in terrain representation and analysis as well as his leadership in envisioning new directions for geographic information science education and research in the 21st century. He founded the journal, Transactions in GIS, published by Wiley-Blackwell in 1996 and continues to serve as editor-in-chief.. This selection is very gratifying because it comes from my peers - scholars I have worked with in various capacities over the past three decades - and because it shows how some of the things we have worked to accomplish at USC have captured their attention, said Wilson, professor of spatial sciences and sociology at the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts ...
In the last 30 years, more than 90 percent of the reef-building coral responsible for maintaining major marine habitats in the Caribbean has disappeared
This is an essential easy-to-use guide to geography. It is unique in providing not only passive advice but also offering activity based guidance to both potential and current geography undergraduates. Geography at University is wide ranging in its approach offering assistance to all; from those who need help with their dissertation to those writing their curriculum vitae. It is an all encompassing text which offers a fresh and original outlook on geography at degree level - Lorraine Craig, Royal Geographical Society (with Institute of British Geographers). Geography at University will show students how to do better at university when studying for their degree in geography.. It explains how university - and geography at university - differs from the subject at school. At university, students are taught new topics in different ways and will be tested on different abilities - the ability to understand, to explain and to apply knowledge; rather than just on the knowledge itself. This means that ...
The links between human and physical geography were once more apparent than they are today. As human experience of the world is increasingly mediated by technology, the relationships between humans and the environment have often become obscured. Thereby, integrated geography represents a critically important set of analytical tools for assessing the impact of human presence on the environment. This is done by measuring the result of human activity on natural landforms and cycles.[4] Methods for which this information is gained include remote sensing, and geographic information systems.[5] Integrated geography helps us to ponder the environment in terms of its relationship to people. With integrated geography we can analyze different social science and humanities perspectives and their use in understanding people environment processes.[6] Hence, it is considered the third branch of geography,[7] the other branches being physical and human geography.[8] ...
The Department of Geography offers programs in both Arts and Science. All Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) programs in Geography (including Urban Studies) can be found in Faculty of Arts , Undergraduate , Browse Academic Units & Programs , Geography (GEOG).. Geography is a broad, holistic discipline; both a natural and a social science because it examines people and their environment and serves as a bridge between physical and cultural processes.. Human Geography is concerned especially with the political, economic, social, and cultural processes and resource practices that create spatial patterns and define particular places.. Physical Geography integrates disciplines such as climatology, geomorphology, geology, biology, hydrology, ecology, soil science, and even marine science. Whether considering greenhouse gas emissions, the spread of disease, or threats to biodiversity, geographers are interested in where things happen, why, and with what consequences. Our graduates go on to careers in environmental ...
While variation in age structure over time and space has long been considered important for population dynamics and conservation, reliable estimates of such spatio-temporal variation in age structure have been elusive for wild vertebrate populations. This limitation has arisen because of problems of imperfect detection, the potential for temporary emigration impacting assessments of age structure, and limited information on age. However, identifying patterns in age structure is important for making reliable predictions of both short- and long-term dynamics of populations of conservation concern. Using a multistate superpopulation estimator, we estimated region-specific abundance and age structure (the proportion of individuals within each age class) of a highly endangered population of snail kites for two separate regions in Florida over 17 years (1997-2013). We find that in the southern region of the snail kite-a region known to be critical for the long-term persistence of the species-the ...
Population geography is a division of human geography. It is the study of the ways in which spatial variations in the distribution, composition, migration, and growth of populations are related to the nature of places. Population geography involves demography in a geographical perspective.[a] It focuses on the characteristics of population distributions that change in a spatial context. This often involves factors such as where populations are found and how the size and composition of these populations is regulated by the demographic processes of fertility, mortality, and migration.[1] Contributions to population geography are cross-disciplinary because geographical epistemologies related to environment, place and space have been developed at various times.[2] Related disciplines include geography, demography, sociology, and economics. Since its inception, population geography has taken at least three distinct but related forms, the most recent of which appears increasingly integrated with human ...
This course provides students with an introduction to Geography at LSE. In Michaelmas Term we will examine human geographys key concepts, including space, place, landscape, nature, globalization, mobility, society and city. In the Lent Term the course will move on to introductory sections on environmental geography and economic geography. The environmental section will trace how geography as a discipline has approached nature-society relationships, covering topics such as, the anthropocene, socio-materiality, wilderness, urban nature, and local and global environmental movements. The economic geography section will introduce students to the changing location of economic activity, inequalities within and between countries, regions and cities, and the rationale, objectives and tools of local and regional development policies in a globalizing world.. ...
Sheni Blog Plus Two Geography Chapter Wise Focus Area Notes PDF and Key Points for Class 12 Geography Notes are designed by expert teachers from the latest edition of SCERT books to get good marks in board exams. SCERT Sheni Blog Plus Two Geography Focus Area Notes contains all chapters Of Geography. Here we have given SCERT Geography Notes Class 12. We recommend you to study SCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography ...
Objectives. The primary aim of this study was to describe the geography of serious mental illness (SMI) - type 2 diabetes comorbidity(T2D) in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven region of NSW, Australia and to identify the significant clusters and their locations. The secondary objective was to determine the geographic concordance if any, between the comorbidity and the single diagnosis of SMI and T2D. Methods. Spatial analytical techniques were applied to clinical data to explore the above aims. The geographic variation in comorbidity was determined by Morans I at the global level and the local clusters of significance were determined by Local Indicators of Spatial Association (LISA) and Spatial scan statistic. Choropleth hotspot maps were created to visually assess the geographic convergence of SMI, diabetes and their comorbidity. Additionally, we used bivariate LISA to identify coincident areas with higher rates of both SMI and T2D. Results. The study identified significant geographic variations in the ...
Abstract: The Low Elevation Coastal Zone (LECZ) Urban-Rural Population Estimates consists of country-level estimates of urban, rural and total population and land area country-wide and in the LECZ, if applicable. Additionally, the data set provides the number of urban extents, their population and land area that intersect the LECZ, by city-size population classifications of less than 100,000, 100,000 to ... 500,000, 500,000 to 1,000,000, 1,000,000 to 5,000,000, and more than 5,000,000. All estimates are based on GRUMP Alpha data products. The LECZ was generated using SRTM Digital Elevation Model data and includes all land area that is contiguous with the coast and 10 meters or less in elevation. All grids used for population, land area, urban mask, and LECZ were of 30 arc-second (~1 km ) resolution. This data set is produced by the Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) in collaboration with the International Institute for Environment and ...
Our PhD in Geography is a four-year program offered by the Waterloo-Laurier Graduate Program in Geography. The collaboration between our universities makes us the third-largest graduate geography program in Canada, and our program is enhanced by a number of research centres and groups, including the Laurier Institute for Water Science, the Cold Regions Research Centre and the International Migration Research Centre.. You can benefit from the breadth and depth of the expertise of our faculty and your fellow graduate students in this rich intellectual environment. Our joint program allows you to explore a range of research interests, from the analysis of pressing social and environmental problems to theoretical questions of philosophical and technical importance. The objective of our PhD in Geography is to provide you with a broad knowledge of theoretical and practical geography through courses and seminars, instructional experience through teaching assistantships and lectures, as well as basic ...
Collins Primary Geography has been developed to provide full coverage of the national curriculum requirements for geography in the primary school. The four Key stage 2 primary geography books provide a progressive, skills based scheme for the junior years. Each book is divided into units covering physical, human and en
The Geography program at RMC integrates (1) a human geography perspective rooted in historical political ecology, economic geography, and development geography; (2) geological and environmental science perspectives on landforms, climate, water, soils, vegetation, and ecosystems; and (3) Geographic Information Systems (GIS) training and practice in a way that fosters student engagement with the multifaceted character of development, conservation, and planning problems.. Through interdisciplinary courses, unique field-work, service-learning, and internship opportunities in the Yellowstone River watershed (and beyond), students learn to use appropriate theoretical frameworks, research techniques and technology -- including spatial statistics, cartography, GIS and GPS, and Remote Sensing -- to extract, analyze, and communicate information about socio-environmental topics from a spatial perspective.. ...
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is a Federal body created in 1890 and established in its present form by Public Law in 1947 to maintain uniform geographic name usage throughout the Federal Government. The BGN comprises representatives of Federal agencies concerned with geographic information, population, ecology, and management of public lands. Sharing its responsibilities with the Secretary of the Interior, the BGN promulgates official geographic feature names with locative attributes as well as principles, policies, and procedures governing the use of domestic names, foreign names, Antarctic names, and undersea feature names.. The original program of names standardization addressed the complex issues of domestic geographic feature names during the surge of exploration, mining, and settlement of western territories after the American Civil War. Inconsistencies and contradictions among many names, spellings, and applications became a serious problem to surveyors, map makers, and ...
Statistical Area 1 Higher Geographies 2020 (generalised) - Stats NZ | | GIS Map Data Datafinder Geospatial Statistics - Download GIS data as Shapefile (SHP), DWG, MapInfo, CSV, Google Earth (KML). Stats, data service, datafinder, Census, geospatial, statistics, data.stats.govt.nz, nz, govt, New Zealand
The market research report provides a detailed analysis and data about the Wood-Pellets market statistical study, the key players, growth dynamics, and geographical analysis. The report provides the information concerning the factors that impel the growth of the Wood-Pellets global industry. The Wood-Pellets market constitute of the leading groups which play a vital role in the product sales, manufacturing, production, distribution of the products in order to meet the supply and demand chain. A detailed study of the global market share of the past and the future along with the predictable forecast trends is also mentioned in the present report.. Read Complete Report with TOC : www.mrsresearchgroup.com/market-analysis/global-and-china-wood-pellets-market-2016-production.html. Purview of the Global Wood-Pellets Report :. • The report mentions the essential information regarding the global Wood-Pellets market along with segmentation, statistical, and geographical data ...
UC Davis Gorilla Doctors are featured in National Geographic for their work treating endangered gorillas in East Africa and dealing with armed rebels and deadly diseases.
In an honorary presidential address he called The Education of a Geographer, Carl Sauer (1956, p. 294) summed up the challenges of teaching a course in regional geography by asserting: A good regional course is largely an individual creation out of long application, nursed on much meditation. To me it is a study in historical geography. Since I began teaching at Queens University in Canada, regional courses on Latin America have figured in the curriculum. Despite the disappearance of such offerings from geography programs elsewhere, two courses in particular, one on Middle America and another on South America, have proven perennially popular. A Sauerian penchant for historical geography forms the foundation of what I teach, and deploying film as means of instruction is a key complement to how I teach.. Short of students being in the field alongside you, film is arguably the best surrogate for relaying to them, within the confines of a university classroom, the texture of reality. What we ...
The uptake of breast conserving surgery (BCS) for early stage breast cancer varies by where women live. We investigate whether these geographical patterns have changed over time using population-based data linkage between cancer registry records and hospital inpatient episodes. The study cohort consisted of 11,631 women aged 20 years and over diagnosed with a single primary invasive localised breast cancer between 1997 and 2011 in Queensland, Australia who underwent either BCS (n = 9223, 79%) or mastectomy (n = 2408, 21%). After adjustment for socio-demographic and clinical factors, compared to women living in very high accessibility areas, women in high (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.58 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.49, 0.69)), low (OR 0.47 (0.41, 0.54)) and very low (OR 0.44 (0.34, 0.56)) accessibility areas had lower odds of having BCS, while the odds for women from middle (OR 0.81 (0.69, 0.94)) and most disadvantaged (OR 0.87 (0.71, 0.98)) areas was significantly lower than women living in affluent areas.
iCrowdNewswire - Nov 9, 2017 A new independent 103 page research with title Global Potassium Peroxymonosulfate Market Research Report 2017 guarantees you will remain better informed than your competition. The study covers geographic analysis that includes regions like North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and important players/vendors such as Chemours(Dupont), United Initiators, Ansin Chemical, Shangyu Jiehua Chemical With n-number of tables and figures examining the Potassium Peroxymonosulfate, the research gives you a visual, one-stop breakdown of the leading products, submarkets and market leaders market revenue forecasts as well as analysis to 2022. In this report, the global Potassium Peroxymonosulfate market is valued at USD XX million in 2016 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022.. Request a sample report @ ...
The program typically requires one to two years of full-time study, although students can pursue the degree on a part-time basis. The department highly.. The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.. Fourth-grade teacher Nikki Lutzke led Parkviews first Ikidarod, which includes a two-week lesson on the Iditarod, Alaskan geography, science and geometry, she said. The students used STEM skills.. Math Game Times fun geography games help children learn about the U.S. states and capitals, as well as world countries and their capitals through fun, interactive quizzes. Our free videos and worksheets provide kids with more opportunities to improve their geography skills.. Apr 10, 2019 · Ferdinand Magellan (Feb. 3, 1480-April 27, 1521), a Portuguese explorer, set sail in September 1519 with ...
A fight broke out at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem after rival groups of Orthodox and Armenian clerics clashed over the boundaries of their jurisdictions inside the church. This is a great video to show religious geography and how scale plays a key role in a patterns. Not only does the macro-religious geography of the Levant lead to politically contentious situations, but the micro-religious geography can also be problematic. This building itself has a curiously devided spatial pattern among Christian branches that demands tolerance, cooperation and searching for ways to share a place that many groups find holy...this could be seen as symbolic way to look at the whole area. | Geography Education
The JRC has developed an experimental global storm surge model, which is run after each advisory issued by the regional tropical cyclone centres. The calculations are published about 20 minutes after a new advisory is detected by GDACS. The calculations identify the populated places affected by storm surge up to three days in advance, using the forecasted track. When forecasts change, the associated storm surge changes too and alert levels may go up or down.. ...
The above is a follow up on: Why Hurricane Matthew Unprecedented Storm Surge Hype? Man-Made Storm Surges For Agenda 21 Goals? 10-7-16 Storm surge - storm surge - storm surge - everywhere you turn its storm surge. No escaping it. To the point of being a chant. Without question storm-surge hype has been taken to a whole new level this week with the massively hyped mysterious-acting Hurricane Matthew. As evidenced by the posted article below and video [see post], the hype has now even become a national educational campaign -- How is it that until only relatively recently no one had ever heard of a storm surge. Hurricanes had come and gone over the past decades but never was there any mention of any thing called a storm surge...or the tsunami-like after effects. But now suddenly storm surges up to 20 feet should be considered as normally occurring with a hurricane - the people of planet earth are told -- Never mind that this sort of thing never happened before though - they are going ...
The Geography lab is open to all students who are geography majors and minors and students enrolled in geography courses, though priority for workspace and computers is given to students working on geography assignments.. HOURS OF OPERATIONS:. Hours vary each semester, so be sure to check the hours posted on the lab door but is closed on weekends and holidays. But generally speaking, the lab is open during peak hours (10-4, Mon-Thurs), including summers. ...
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Here is the best resource for homework help with GEOGRAPHY 3349 : Population Geography at Texas State. Find GEOGRAPHY3349 study guides, notes, and practice
The 4th edition of Cultural Geography for 9th grade was revised in 2015. This new edition has a new opening chapter on geography and culture in the Bible and Biblical foundations for studying geography and culture. This new chapter lays the foundation for studying cultural geography through the lens
Empirical and theoretical contributions provide strong evidence that firm-level performance outcomes in terms of innovativeness can either be determined by the firms position in the social space (network effects) or by the firms position in the geographical space (co-location effects). Even though we can observe quite recently first attempts in bringing together these traditionally distinct research streams (Whittington et al. 2009), research on interdependent network and geographical co-location effects is still rare. Consequently, we seek to answer the following research question: considering that the effects of social and geographic proximity on firms innovativeness can be interdependent, what are the distinct and combined effects of firms network and geographic position on firm-level innovation output? We analyze the innovative performance of German laser source manufacturers between 1995 and 2007. We use an official database on publicly funded R&D collaboration projects in order to ...
The district was initially called kōri and has ancient roots in Japan. Although the Nihon Shoki says they were established during the Taika Reforms, kōri was originally written 評.[4] It was not until the Taihō Code that kōri came to be written as 郡 (imitating the Chinese division). Under the Taihō Code, the administrative unit of province (国, kuni) was above district, and the village (里 or 郷 sato) was below. As the power of the central government decayed (and in some periods revived) over the centuries, the provinces and districts, although never formally abolished and still connected to administrative positions handed out by the Imperial court (or whoever controlled it), largely lost their relevance as administrative units and were superseded by a hierarchy of feudal holdings. In the Edo period, the primary subdivisions were the shogunate cities, governed by urban administrators (machi-bugyō), the shogunate domain (bakuryō, usually meant to include the smaller holdings of ...
Statistical Methods for Geography is the essential introduction for geography students looking to fully understand and apply key statistical concepts and techniques. Now in its fifth edition, this text is an accessible statistics 101 focused on student learning, and includes definitions, examples, and exercises throughout. Fully integrated with online self-assessment exercises and video overviews, it explains everything required to get full credits for any undergraduate statistics module.. The fifth edition of this bestselling text includes:. · Coverage of descriptive statistics, probability, inferential statistics, hypothesis testing and sampling, variance, correlation, regression analysis, spatial patterns, spatial data reduction using factor analysis and cluster analysis.. · New examples from physical geography and additional real-world examples.. · Updated in-text and online exercises along with downloadable datasets.. This is the only text youll need for undergraduate courses in ...
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Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met. GEOGRAPHY COURSES. GEOG 1F90 Introduction to Human Geography Practical and problem-oriented examination of spatial patterns of human organization and their links with social, cultural, economic, political and ecological processes. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term. GEOG 1F91 Principles of Physical Geography The interactions of atmosphere, soils, vegetation and landforms occurring at the surface of the Earth. The development of natural environments and impacts upon people and their activities. Lectures, 2 hours per week; lab, 2 hours bi-weekly. Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on ...
New Resource! Smartgov Africa gives researchers access to 1.2M socio-economic datapoints, in 54 countries. The SmartGov Africa project was launched in June 2015 by SmartGov Technologies Ltd, Cambridge UK. SG Africa was designed to aggregate, geo-reference and discuss all African public data. The platform is open for anyone to use.. The Map Library is a source of public domain basic map data concerning administrative boundaries in Africa.. AfricaMap is housed at the Center for Geographic Analysis at Harvard University.. Stanford Geospatial Center, Branner Earth Sciences Library. ...
Geography analyzes spatial patterns and regional associations of the physical and cultural environments. It is concerned with human relationships with these environments as they exist now, existed in the past, and may or should exist in the future. The Department of Geography works closely with the Cartography and Geography Information Science Center (CGIS) and the American Geographical Society Library, one of the largest assemblages of geographical materials in the world.. ...
Geography[edit]. Baytown connects to I-10 via Highway 146, and the Fred Hartman Bridge connects southwest to La Porte. ...
Geography[edit]. The Vistula can be divided into three parts: upper, from its sources to Sandomierz; center, from Sandomierz to ...
Geography[edit]. Calipatria is located at 33°07′32″N 115°30′51″W / 33.12556°N 115.51417°W / 33.12556; -115.51417.[7] ...
Geography[edit]. The most important towns are:. *Auch, the historical capital. *Bayonne, with both Basque and Gascon identity ...
Geography[edit]. Valley Center is located at 33°14′26″N 117°00′51″W / 33.240485°N 117.014262°W / 33.240485; -117.014262.[4] ...
Geography[edit]. Webster is located at 43°12′43″N 77°25′38″W / 43.21194°N 77.42722°W / 43.21194; -77.42722 (43.212113, - ...
Physical geography[edit]. See also: Parque Municipal das Fontes (Lagoa). Lagoa is bounded on the north and east by the ...
Geography[edit]. Matlacha Isles-Matlacha Shores is located at 26°38′10″N 82°3′46″W / 26.63611°N 82.06278°W / 26.63611; - ...
Geography[edit]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.9 square miles (38.6 km2), of ...
Geography[edit]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.5 square miles (146 km2), of ...
Geography[edit]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (63.7 km2), of ...
Geography[edit]. Lassa high risk areas are near the western and eastern extremes of West Africa. As of 2018, the Lassa belt ...
Geography[edit]. Riverdale Park is located at 37°36′40″N 121°2′38″W / 37.61111°N 121.04389°W / 37.61111; -121.04389 ( ...
Geography[edit]. Rockton is located at 42°27′3″N 89°3′50″W / 42.45083°N 89.06389°W / 42.45083; -89.06389 (42.450753, - ...
Geography[edit]. Iriga is bounded by the town of Buhi in the east, by the municipalities of Baao, Nabua and Bato in the west, ...
Geography[edit]. Jasper is located at 33°50′32″N 87°16′38″W / 33.84222°N 87.27722°W / 33.84222; -87.27722 (33.842347, - ...
Geography[edit]. Main article: Geography of Ivory Coast. Köppen climate classification map of Ivory Coast ...
Geography[edit]. San Antonio is located at 28°20′12″N 82°16′30″W / 28.33667°N 82.27500°W / 28.33667; -82.27500 (28.336649, − ...
Geography[edit]. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 376 square miles (970 km2), of which 338 ...
Geography[edit]. U.S. Census map. Mineola is located at 40°44′50″N 73°38′17″W / 40.747188°N 73.638088°W / 40.747188; - ...
Geography[edit]. U.S. Census Map. Laurel Hollow is located at 40°51′25″N 73°28′37″W / 40.85694°N 73.47694°W / 40.85694; - ...
"geography".. [permanent dead link] *^ "Official WebSite of District". Nashik.nic.in. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011 ... Geography. Nashik lies in the northern part of Maharashtra state at 584 m (1,916 ft)[8] from the mean sea level which gives it ... "geography". Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.. ...
Geography[edit]. The south branch of the Heart River flows through the central part of Stark County, discharging into Patterson ...
Geography[edit]. North Fork is located in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada at an elevation of 2638 feet (804 m).[1] According ...
Geography[edit]. Port Orange is located at 29°7′8″N 81°0′10″W / 29.11889°N 81.00278°W / 29.11889; -81.00278 (29.118970, - ...
Geography[edit]. Telluride has an elevation of 8,750 feet (2,670 m) in an isolated spot in Southwest Colorado. From the west, ...
Geography[edit]. Placida is located at 26°49′55″N 82°15′54″W / 26.83194°N 82.265°W / 26.83194; -82.265Coordinates: 26°49′55″ ...
Geography[edit]. Balm is located in southern Hillsborough County, bordered by Riverview to the north, Apollo Beach to the west ...
Geography[edit]. Measured directly, Heanor town is 8 miles (13 km) north-east of Derby and 9.5 miles (15.3 km) west-north-west ...
Geography[edit]. U.S. Census map. Hicksville is located at 40°45′48″N 73°31′24″W / 40.76333°N 73.52333°W / 40.76333; - ...
Physical geography (also known as geosystems or physiography) is one of the two major sub-fields of geography.[1][2][3] ... strongly influenced the field of geography, because geography at this time was a natural science since Human Geography or ... Environmental geography is a branch of geography that analyzes the spatial aspects of interactions between humans and the ... Bernhardus Varenius (1622-1650), Wrote his important work "General Geography" (1650), first overview of the geography, the ...
The most famous effort to elucidate a fundamental concept in geography was Toblers first law of geography: "Everything is ... In fact, many of the methods used in time geography and similar spatiotemporal models treat the location of an individual as a ... The first law of geography is essentially the same as the concept of spatial dependence or spatial autocorrelation, which ... The quantitative revolution of geography, starting in the 1950s, and leading to the modern discipline of spatial analysis; ...
http://www.mediafire.com/file/81b92afjnz8gzrf/Geography_Maps.pdf/file. .header { position: absolute; width: 230px; height: 80px ...
ACTIVE is the leader in online event registrations from 5k running races and marathons to softball leagues and local events. ACTIVE also makes it easy to learn and prepare for all the things you love to do with expert resources, training plans and fitness calculators.. ...
Conclusion: the average man in our sample is younger than our average women. Run a Similarity test to see if you can infer that the entire populations are actually different, based on these samples ...
Geography. Twitter Geo at Springer @SpringerGeo Latest news and updates from ... Earth Sciences & Geography Get connected with our social media accounts in Earth Sciences & Geography. ... Springer Earth Sciences, Geography & Environment. This group was launched for Springer earth sciences, geography and ... 2017 Highlights in Geography. Visit our Highlights of 2017 to find the most downloaded books & articles from 2017!. ...
Geography Compass is an online-only journal publishing original, peer-reviewed surveys of current research from across the ...
Geography. Twitter Geo at Springer @SpringerGeo Latest news and updates from ... Earth Sciences & Geography Get connected with our social media accounts in Earth Sciences & Geography. ... Springer Earth Sciences, Geography & Environment. This group was launched for Springer earth sciences, geography and ...
The Department of Geography has been identified as one of the top twenty academic programs at the University of Kentucky and, ... Applicants for the Ph.D. in geography must conform to the general requirements of the Graduate School as set forth in the first ... Geography Masters (MA) or Doctoral (PhD) Degree - Application Requirements. CV Upload Required. Yes. ... Applicants for the M.A. degree in geography follow a broadly based program which consists of: 1) required courses (GEO 600 and ...
419-372-2925 Geography is the study of human activity, and the environment it takes place in, as it varies across space. ... Geography is the study of human activity, and the environment it takes place in, as it varies across space. Thus, geographers ... The Geography major integrates the study of interactions that take place between people, culture, society and place with the ... A Bachelor of Arts degree with the major in Geography is appropriate for students who have a broad interest in studying the ...
Historical Geography Newsletter, Volume 15, Issues 1-2. Publisher. Department of Geography, California State University, ... Department of Geography, California State University, Northridge, 1985 - Historical geography. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google. ... geomorphology George Carter G ta Canal G ta River G ta segment Grimberg Group Hanseatic League highway Historical Geography ... century Northridge Ontario origins papers physical geographer Platen Prehistory present problems Professor of Geography Queens ...
... human geography, environmental science or a mixture. You can also study Physical Geography with Geology. ... Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography. I teach across the physical geography courses, My particular passion is the landscapes ... Lecturer in Physical Geography. My expertise is in climate change and tropical vegetation dynamics. I am also a member of ... Lecturer in Human Geography. I specialise in urban ethnography. I have been at Leicester since 2018 and love the University for ...
Fundamental » All languages » Polish » All topics » Sciences » Earth sciences » Geography Polish terms used in geography, the ... Pages in category "pl:Geography". The following 62 pages are in this category, out of 62 total. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Category:pl:Geography&oldid=47126385" ...
Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. ... Not sure about the geography of the middle east? Weve got you covered with our map collection. ...
Enter the name of a place, like "Springfield" or "Athens", to find all locations matching the name, or enter a state ("Illinois") or country ("Canada") to find all places within that state or nation. You may also enter more than one of these to narrow your search ("Athens, Greece" or "Springfield, Illinois, United States").. Note that abbreviations ("USA", "Ill.") do not work at present--please stick to full names!. ...
Other articles where Eremian zone is discussed: Australia: Vegetation: The Eremian Zone covers the whole of central Australia through to the west-central coast; its climate is arid.
... Dry Lands. Deserts are places that get less than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of rain a year. ...
Geography Crafts for kids. Kindergarten, preschool, and elementary school crafts. Make wonderful, simple crafts with things ... Geography/History. Explorers. Flags. Geography. Inventors. US History. Other Topics. Art and Artists. Calendars. College Finder ... Geography Crafts. More on Geography. These crafts use materials found around the house, like egg cartons, cardboard, paper, ... Geography Bulletin Board. Dot to Dot Mystery Maps. Other Geography Topics. Where Do You Live? (USA), A Printable Book. The ...
... and at the top for Geography. Given that I had a keen interest in Geography, it made sense to apply. I chose to do Geography ... Human Geography and the City. Addresses the social, economic and political dimensions of urban geography by focusing on the ... Introduction to Geography This course provides students with an introduction to Geography at LSE, including human, economic and ... In the third year you take two compulsory half-unit courses in geography. You will then choose from a range of geography and ...
Other historical geography sources are found in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under: AUSTRALIA - HISTORICAL ... Family History Library Call Number 994 H2ah Volume 6.) This book explores many aspects of the historical geography of Australia ... historical atlas gives more detailed information about boundary changes and other aspects of Australias historical geography: ... Retrieved from "https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Australia_Historical_Geography&oldid=3242934" ...
Worldmapper: Humanising Geography. Worldmapper is an extraordinary project out of Sheffield Uni in the UK. Countries ...
Other articles where Polar cap is discussed: Mars: Polar regions: For telescopic observers the most striking regular changes on Mars occur at the poles. With the onset of fall in a particular hemisphere, clouds develop over the relevant polar region, and the cap, made of frozen carbon dioxide, begins to grow. The smaller…
See an archive of all geography stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, Vulture, and ... Michele Bachmann Is Unhappy That American Troops Have Been Sent to Both Libya and AfricaShes still not great with geography. ... Trump: Were Building a Wall in Colorado, a Big OneBasic geography strikes again. ... White House to Rectangular Western States: All Yall Look AlikeGeography fail. ...
GUS 482: Field Methods in Geography. Two Practical Skills courses in Geography taken from the following: GUS 462, 465, 467, or ... The graduate program in Geography emphasizes study and research in the areas of urban and economic geography, environmental ... The Department of Geography and Urban Studies offers graduate work leading to the Master of Arts degree. The program prepares ... The purpose of the comprehensive examination is to demonstrate a breadth and depth of knowledge in the concepts of geography. ...
The Department of Geography works closely with the Cartography and Geography Information Science Center (CGIS) and the American ... Geography analyzes spatial patterns and regional associations of the physical and cultural environments. It is concerned with ... Meet with us in-person, over the phone, or videoconference to learn more about the Geography program. When classes are in ...
This web link lists various maps that themes in Geography can be illustrated using a corn maze. Not every exercise requires ... use with USGS topographic and thematic maps as starting points to uncover mysteries about the cultural and physical geography ...
Candidates will register for the M.A. program if their fields of interest lie in an area of Human Geography or for the M.Sc. if ... Geography 6000 will be a required course for all candidates who have not already completed an equivalent course at the Honours ... The degrees of Master of Arts and Master of Science are offered in Geography by full-time or part-time study. ... Candidates whose undergraduate degree is not in geography will be required to complete some additional undergraduate program ...
Geography faculty participate in the Choir Project April 12, 2019. Geography faculty Anna Manson McGinty and Kristin Sziarto ... UWM Geography associate professor Dr. Woonsup Choi has co-authored a study about the North Korean environmental crisis. See ... The Department of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee stands in solidarity with Black students, faculty, and ... The UW Geography Department and MUGS Planning Committee are excited to welcome this years keynote speaker, Anne Bonds, ...
Historical Geography is a study of concepts and methods in historical geography. The field concerned with geographies of the ... Cultural Geography is an introduction to the study of culture in geography, emphasizing both the history of the field from ... Nature of Geography is an examination of the major philosophical issues in the nature of geography and recent changes in ... Issues in Economic Geography covers basic issues and ideas in economic geography. The development of a regional economy will be ...
Geography. Geography Home Geography Degrees Geography Degrees Undergraduate Degrees Graduate Degrees Online BA/BS Degree Online ... Geography Home Geography Degrees Undergraduate Degrees Graduate Degrees Online BA/BS Degree Online MA Degree Meteorology ... Geography students have completed internships at a dizzying array of agencies and businesses, including:. *Wayne County, WV ... For Students Weekly News GEO Courses Course Rotation Sam E. Clagg Award Internships Assistantships Geography Club ...
  • Geography courses are designated by GEOG. (mun.ca)
  • Geography (GEOG) for B.Sc. (mcgill.ca)
  • Human geography can be divided into many broad categories, such as: Cultural geography Development geography Economic geography Health geography Historical & Time geog. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visit the Department of Geography and Environment Virtual Undergraduate Open Day page to find out more about studying in the department, access virtual resources and watch event recordings from our Virtual Undergraduate Open Day. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Candidates whose undergraduate degree is not in geography will be required to complete some additional undergraduate program courses during their first year of study, in addition to the required graduate program courses. (mun.ca)
  • The Department of Geography is introducing the Geography Undergraduate Research Award (GURA) for BA majoring in Geography and closely allied programs. (mcgill.ca)
  • This group was launched for Springer earth sciences, geography and environmental science authors including academics, researchers and professionals to facilitate discussions, share new publishing ideas, offer recommendations, and contribute insights to developments in the field. (springer.com)
  • Our academics are passionate about sharing their knowledge and supporting your future in geography. (le.ac.uk)
  • Home » Academics » Geography » About the Department » What is Geography? (middlebury.edu)
  • NPR coverage of The Geography of Bliss: One Grump's Search for the Happiest Places in the World by Eric Weiner. (npr.org)
  • The Department of Geography works closely with the Cartography and Geography Information Science Center (CGIS) and the American Geographical Society Library, one of the largest assemblages of geographical materials in the world. (uwm.edu)
  • Among the attendees were representatives of the Geography, Cartography, and History commissions of PAIGH as well as special guests from sister specialized organizations of OAS, namely, the InterAmerican Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), the PanAmerican Health Organization (PAHO), and the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM). (aag.org)
  • Traditionally, geography has been associated with cartography and place names. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geography was not recognized as a formal academic discipline until the 18th century, although many scholars had undertaken geographical scholarship for much longer, particularly through cartography. (wikipedia.org)
  • Internet geography , also called cybergeography , is a subdiscipline of geography that studies the spatial organization of the Internet , from social, economic, cultural, and technological perspectives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geography analyzes spatial patterns and regional associations of the physical and cultural environments. (uwm.edu)
  • The mission of the Geography Department is to introduce students to the substance and methods of spatial theory and analysis. (middlebury.edu)
  • Human Geography is concerned especially with the political, economic, social, and cultural processes and resource practices that create spatial patterns and define particular places. (mcgill.ca)
  • Four historical traditions in geographical research are spatial analysis of the natural and the human phenomena (geography as the study of distribution), area studies (places and regions), study of the human-land relationship, and research in the Earth sciences. (dbpedia.org)
  • or Demography Religion geography Social geography Transportation geography Tourism geography Urban geography Various approaches to the study of human geography have also arisen through time and include: Behavioral geography Feminist geography Culture theory Geosophy Integrated geography is concerned with the description of the spatial interactions between humans and the natural world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to a perceived lack of scientific rigor in an overly descriptive nature of the discipline, and a continued separation of geography from its two subfields of physical and human geography and from geology, geographers in the mid-20th century began to apply statistical and mathematical models in order to solve spatial problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • the use of statistics, spatial modeling, and positivist approaches are still important to many branches of human geography. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the 2020 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, UH Mānoa's geography and archaeology are in the top 40 among U.S. universities and colleges. (hawaii.edu)
  • The ABS develops standard statistical geographies and frameworks, and a range of other geospatial tools and products. (abs.gov.au)
  • Among the topics covered by this discipline, of particular importance are information geography and digital divides . (wikipedia.org)
  • Geography Compass is an online-only journal publishing original, peer-reviewed surveys of current research from across the entire discipline. (wiley.com)
  • Becuase of the wide scope of geography, the discipline is strongly linked with fields in the social sciences, natural sciences, computing, and business. (bgsu.edu)
  • The environmental section will trace how geography as a discipline has approached nature-society relationships, covering topics such as, the anthropocene, socio-materiality, wilderness, urban nature, and local and global environmental movements. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Geography programs, a list of teaching staff, and opportunities for study in this discipline. (mcgill.ca)
  • Under the Encoding Geography initiative, the American Association of Geographers (AAG) will lead long-term and synergistic efforts to equip all geographers with a sufficient level of literacy in computational thinking and, in doing so, aim for a more diverse participation in our discipline. (aag.org)
  • Nonetheless, modern geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities-not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. (dbpedia.org)
  • Aardrijkskunde of geografie (Oudgrieks: γῆ, aarde en γράφειν, (be)schrijven) is een wetenschappelijke discipline die zich bezighoudt met het bestuderen van het aardoppervlak, het in kaart brengen van vormen van bijvoorbeeld cultuur, het plantenleven en de dierenwereld, gebruik van het milieu en verkeer en het beschrijven van het landschap overal op de wereld. (dbpedia.org)
  • United States National Research Council, 1997 Geography as a discipline can be split broadly into two main subsidiary fields: human geography and physical geography. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known under the term 'critical geography,' these critiques signaled another turning point in the discipline. (wikipedia.org)
  • This programme combines the two complementary fields of geography and economics. (lse.ac.uk)
  • This is a major/minor programme, with around 75 per cent of this programme in geography, and the remaining 25 per cent in economics. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Whilst first year modules cover both human and physical geography, you will specialise in human geography (social science: dynamics of people and places) as you progress through the programme. (le.ac.uk)
  • This degree is perfect for you if you want to study a mix of human and physical geography in your first year, specialising in human, digital and environmental geographies as you progress through the programme. (le.ac.uk)
  • This is an integrated geography programme which combines physical and human geography as well as offering opportunities for specialisation. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Overall, the department produced the highest volume of world leading (4*), internationally excellent (3*) and overall international quality research of any geography programme in the country. (dur.ac.uk)
  • if their fields of interest are in Physical Geography or Geographic Information Sciences. (mun.ca)
  • and the geographic techniques used to investigate and understand Labrador's unique Geography. (mun.ca)
  • Central offers a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science in Geography with specializations in geographic information science and environmental and resource geography. (cwu.edu)
  • Questions (and answers) from the National Geography Bee are posed daily at this web version of the popular "National Geographic" magazine. (surfnetkids.com)
  • Given the evidence that the underrepresentation of women and minorities in geography translate into the workforce (Mazur & Albrecht, 2016) and limits our advancement of geographic and scientific knowledge (Stephens, 2013), broadening their participation will leverage currently untapped potential for innovation in terms of talent and labor force. (aag.org)
  • Examines urban development in East Asia from a geographic and comparative perspective focusing on issues in development, and the interaction of geography, history, politics, and economics. (washington.edu)
  • Our department offers history, one of the top-ten majors pursued at Elon University, as well as minors in history, geography and geographic information systems (GIS). (elon.edu)
  • His accomplishments include experience as a high school staff member for the Colorado Alliance Summer Geography Institute, co-director of the Colorado Geographic Alliance AP Human Geography Institute in 2000 and 2001, and a Distinguished Teaching Achievement Award from the National Council for Geographic Education in 2000. (learner.org)
  • We begin with an overview of the geographical perspective, highlighting the eighteen National Geography Standards and associated geographic skills that inform the Teaching Geography series, as well as introducing concepts of human and regional geography. (learner.org)
  • This program introduces the eighteen National Geography Standards, showing how they can explain the complexity of our geographic world. (learner.org)
  • Identify how the eighteen National Geography Standards can help further understanding of geographic concepts. (learner.org)
  • In that segment, our teacher uses a new NASA-developed Mission Geography Inquiry lesson to help his students understand how geographic factors play a role in the shrinking of Russia's Aral Sea. (learner.org)
  • geography, the science of place, i.e., the study of the surface of the earth, the location and distribution of its physical and cultural features, the areal patterns or places that they form, and the interrelation of these features as they affect humans. (infoplease.com)
  • Geography is the study of human activity, and the environment it takes place in, as it varies across space. (bgsu.edu)
  • The Geography major integrates the study of interactions that take place between people, culture, society and place with the acquisiton of data analysis and geospatial technology skills. (bgsu.edu)
  • Polish terms used in geography , the study of various phenomena found on Earth 's surface (see Category:pl:Landforms and Category:pl:Polities ). (wiktionary.org)
  • Romansch terms used in geography , the study of various phenomena found on Earth 's surface (see Category:rm:Landforms and Category:rm:Polities ). (wiktionary.org)
  • The degrees of Master of Arts and Master of Science are offered in Geography by full-time or part-time study. (mun.ca)
  • Physical geography is the study of the earth's dynamic systems its air, water, weather climate, landforms, rocks, soils, plants, ecosystems and biomes and how humans interact with the earth's systems. (merlot.org)
  • Physical geography is the study of the world around you. (merlot.org)
  • UWM Geography associate professor Dr. Woonsup Choi has co-authored a study about the North Korean environmental crisis. (uwm.edu)
  • Using the integrative skills of geographical analysis, the course prepares students for advanced study in geography and citizenship in the modern world. (mun.ca)
  • is an introduction to the study of culture in geography, emphasizing both the history of the field from classic studies of landscapes to contemporary scholarship and themes of recent importance. (mun.ca)
  • This course provides a basis for further study in advanced geography courses. (mun.ca)
  • During this degree, you will study some of the most pressing global and environmental challenges of our time, with particular emphasis on human, digital and environmental geographies. (le.ac.uk)
  • Geography is the study of physical environments and human habitats. (mcgill.ca)
  • In Geography and Trade he provides a stimulating synthesis of ideas in the literature and describes new models for implementing a study of economic geography that could change the nature of the field. (repec.org)
  • At CWU, geography is more than maps and charts-it is a vibrant field of study that involves hands-on, real-life involvement in finding solutions that will enhance the future. (cwu.edu)
  • CWU offers networking and social opportunities through the Geographical Society including field trips, visiting speakers, and other activities relevant to the study of geography. (cwu.edu)
  • Choose to study the field of geography at CWU. (cwu.edu)
  • A mix of social and physical sciences, many universities offer both human and physical geography courses, while other institutions give students the chance to study a combined course. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Geography is the study of life on the surface of the earth. (middlebury.edu)
  • In a liberal arts education, Geography performs the special service of helping students draw connections between the various disciplines they study. (middlebury.edu)
  • Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth. (dbpedia.org)
  • Human geography is concerned with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical geography is concerned with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geography is a systematic study of the Universe and its features. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical geography can be divided into many broad categories, including: Biogeography Climatology & meteorology Coastal geography Environmental management Geodesy Geomorphology Glaciology Hydrology & hydrography Landscape ecology Oceanography Pedology Palaeogeography Quaternary science Human geography (or anthropogeography) is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of patterns and processes that shape the human society. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Bachelor of Arts degree with the major in Geography is appropriate for students who have a broad interest in studying the interactions that take place between people, culture, society, and place. (bgsu.edu)
  • Students pursing the GIS specialization in Geography must maintain a grade of 'C' or higher in the Core, Specialization, and Major Electives requirements. (bgsu.edu)
  • The BSc in Geography with Economics at LSE provides students with the analytical tools needed to do this. (lse.ac.uk)
  • For the BSc Geography with Economics we are looking for students with a strong mathematical ability, and A-level Mathematics or equivalent is therefore required. (lse.ac.uk)
  • This course provides students with an introduction to Geography at LSE. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The economic geography section will introduce students to the changing location of economic activity, inequalities within and between countries, regions and cities, and the rationale, objectives and tools of local and regional development policies in a globalizing world. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The Department of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee stands in solidarity with Black students, faculty, and staff and with ongoing protests in support of racial justice. (uwm.edu)
  • is designed to introduce students to the practice of geography in the field. (mun.ca)
  • Students who have completed college or pre-university geography courses fully equivalent to those of first year university may, with the adviser's approval, substitute other courses as part of their program. (mcgill.ca)
  • The Minor Concentration Geography is designed to provide students in the Faculty of Arts with an overview of basic elements of human geography at the introductory and advanced level. (mcgill.ca)
  • We are a lively, talented, and congenial group of faculty, students, and staff who occupy the Burchfiel Geography Building, built for us in 2000. (blogger.com)
  • A Science Major Concentration in Geography - Physical Geography option is available to students pursuing the B.A. & Sc. (mcgill.ca)
  • Sir, - No mandatory geography, history or science education for our junior cycle students? (irishtimes.com)
  • Geography students enjoy multiple field trips in locations that range from large cities to remote wilderness areas. (cwu.edu)
  • Geography students have access to large format scanners and a 42-inch plotter, as well as a biogeography lab, a soils lab, and a hydrology lab in which students and faculty members conduct research. (cwu.edu)
  • CWU geography professor Morris Uebelacker takes his students on an annual trip to Hells Canyon over spring break, where they experience what he considers 'a landscape of motion. (cwu.edu)
  • A number of major scholarship opportunities are available for eligible geography students, including the Brooks-Shaw Award, the Martin Kaatz Geography Scholarship, and the Joseph P. and Gillian A. Stoltman Scholarship. (cwu.edu)
  • Courses that involve computational thinking are only beginning to appear in geography curricula, yet much is unknown about the effectiveness of these courses in preparing students for the rapidly evolving job market or for the social and environmental challenges we are facing. (aag.org)
  • A geography degree gives students training in problem-solving, critical thinking, data analysis and independent research - all sought-after skills which make them highly employable. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Community college transfer students should have completed introductory courses in two or more of the following: geology, earth science, environmental science, physical geography, and human/cultural geography. (csudh.edu)
  • An interactive geography series that introduces 4th grade students to the Pacific Islands. (hawaii.edu)
  • The B.A. in Geography with Data Science Option builds on geography coursework in data management, data visualization and the societal implications of data science while offering students additional opportunities to engage in coursework in programming, machine learning, and advanced statistics and probability. (washington.edu)
  • Nestled among dozens of educational games for upper elementary students are five geography games. (surfnetkids.com)
  • Also, we would like to send a big shout-out and thank you to our great administrative assistant, Ms. Paula Kouns , for putting-up with the geography faculty and students for a year. (marshall.edu)
  • The following is a list of some of the organizations and companies where Macalester Geography students have held internships. (macalester.edu)
  • Students must also take nine hours of upper division geography courses selected with an advisors approval. (apsu.edu)
  • Drawing on his background as a cartographer and urban planner, Gindele helps his students personalize their understanding of geography by using GIS technology to investigate the Denver metro area. (learner.org)
  • The following books explain more about Welsh historical geography. (familysearch.org)
  • A new series of full-coverage resources developed for the AQA 2016 A/AS Level Geography specification. (cambridge.org)
  • This enhanced digital resource covers all core and optional units for the AQA A/AS Level Geography specification for first teaching from 2016. (cambridge.org)
  • Paula joined the Geography Department in November of 2016, but she has served in multiple roles and departments at Marshall University for more than 10 years. (marshall.edu)
  • It offers the analytical rigour of economics, and applies this to real-life examples in human geography. (lse.ac.uk)
  • There is no one ideal subject combination, however many applicants have studied or are currently studying one or more social science subjects in the sixth form, with Geography and Economics being the most common. (lse.ac.uk)
  • This course is compulsory on the BA in Geography, BSc in Economic History and Geography, BSc in Environment and Development and BSc in Geography with Economics. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Biodiversity and geography ," Thuenen-Series of Applied Economic Theory 79, University of Rostock, Institute of Economics. (repec.org)
  • Whether your interest is human or physical geography, environmental science or geology, our flexible courses offer plenty of hands-on experience delivered in state-of-the-art-facilities. (le.ac.uk)
  • In the Lent Term the course will move on to introductory sections on environmental geography and economic geography. (lse.ac.uk)
  • In Years 2 and 3 we offer a wide range of modules that cover some of the most pressing global and environmental challenges of time, including: migration and how this shapes us and the places where we live, environmental governance and justice, climate change, gentrification, energy and food security, and critical development geographies and geopolitics. (le.ac.uk)
  • Geography looks for patterns in the distribution of diverse phenomena, and it tries to explain their variation by examining a wide range of underlying environmental and socioeconomic factors. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The difference between these approaches led to a third field, environmental geography, which combines physical and human geography and concerns the interactions between the environment and humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • This connection between both physical and human properties of geography is most apparent in the theory of environmental determinism, made popular in the 19th century by Carl Ritter and others, and has close links to the field of evolutionary biology of the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • This program is designed to cover the main elements of human geography. (mcgill.ca)
  • Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (cat. (abs.gov.au)
  • Historically it has consisted of two main branches, human geography and physical geography. (middlebury.edu)
  • Full teacher support to accompany the Collins Cambridge IGCSE Geography Student Book - the Teacher Guide content is matched lesson-by-lesson to the Student Book. (waterstones.com)
  • This workshop lays the foundation for the geography content and pedagogical skills to assist you in teaching challenging lessons in your classroom. (learner.org)
  • The United States National Section of the PanAmerican Institute for Geography and History (USNS-PAIGH) held this Meet-and-Greet event during the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers (AAG) in Washington, DC on Friday, April 16, 2010. (aag.org)
  • While individual geographers may practice only one kind of geography, many are conversant with two or all three branches. (middlebury.edu)
  • Geography is often defined in terms of two branches: human geography and physical geography. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Bachelor of Science in Physical Geography will have you exploring earth systems science by studying the interactions between air (atmosphere), water (hydrosphere), land (lithosphere) and the spaces where organisms live (biosphere). (sfu.ca)
  • 0130. Economic Geography (3 s.h. (temple.edu)
  • covers basic issues and ideas in economic geography. (mun.ca)
  • I have spent my whole professional life as an international economist thinking and writing about economic geography, without being aware of it,' begins Paul Krugman in the readable and anecdotal style that has become a hallmark of his writings. (repec.org)
  • Krugman observes that his own shortcomings in ignoring economic geography have been shared by many professional economists, primarily because of the lack of explanatory models. (repec.org)
  • The paper combines an economic-geography model of agglomeration and periphery with a model of species diversity and looks at optimal policies of biodiversity conservation. (repec.org)
  • The decisive parameters of the model are related to biological diversity (endemism vs. redundancy of species) and the patterns of economic geography (centrifugal and centripetal forces). (repec.org)
  • Issues covered range across urban economic, political, and cultural geography. (washington.edu)
  • Introduces China's physical geography, history, and economic and political system. (washington.edu)
  • Research in geography at CORE is focused on human and economic geography, with a quantitative and theoretical orientation, keeping in mind the usefulness of the research results in policy and planning. (uclouvain.be)
  • Sample questions to use with USGS topographic and thematic maps as starting points to uncover mysteries about the cultural and physical geography of the Earth. (usgs.gov)
  • This book discusses modern aspects of Japanese religion in terms of cultural geography. (springer.com)
  • Indian software suppliers have had to give UK companies lessons in geography following concerns that the war in Afghanistan could hit IT outsourcing work in India. (computerweekly.com)
  • If you decide at the end of Year 1 that you want to specialise in Physical Geography, you can transfer (if your grades are sufficient) to the Geography BSc degree. (le.ac.uk)
  • Following commentary on regional and human geography by Gil Latz and Susan Hardwick is a classroom segment featuring AP human geography teacher Rick Gindele. (learner.org)
  • Identify concepts central to regional and human geography. (learner.org)
  • In the Department of Geography and Environment, teaching will be delivered through a combination of classes/seminars, pre-recorded lectures, live online lectures, in-person lectures and other supplementary interactive live activities. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Geography associate professor Ryan Holifield tackles those questions in his latest research paper. (uwm.edu)
  • The UW Geography Department and MUGS Planning Committee are excited to welcome this year's keynote speaker, Anne Bonds, Associate Professor, Department of Geography, UW-Milwaukee. (uwm.edu)
  • Geography of World Affairs (3 s.h. (temple.edu)
  • From political tumult in the Middle East to rapid development in Asia to natural resource allocation throughout the world, your degree in geography will be vital to understanding and managing the powerful geopolitical forces that impact our lives. (cwu.edu)
  • Introduce your child to world places and cultures with geography coloring pages. (education.com)
  • Combining coloring, paper dolls, and a lesson in geography and world cultures, this printable is not only full of fun, it's full of learning value, too. (education.com)
  • Check out this geography worksheet for a colorful introduction to the longest wall in the world: The Great Wall of China! (education.com)
  • Here's a fun way for your child to look at world geography and history, starting with a beautiful coloring page of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. (education.com)
  • Undergraduates in Geography have the chance to undertake amazing field trips in fascinating locations across the world. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Our physical geography resources include specialist computing facilities for geographical information and satellite image analysis and world-class science laboratories enabling soil, water and microscopic analysis. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • For Geography specifically Jonathan Rigg, Head of Department, adds: "This was an excellent performance to rank joint 1st amongst Geography departments nationally in terms of both grade-point-average and the proportion of 'world-leading' or 4* research. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Start your geography lesson by choosing a region of the world, and studying the interactive maps which name each country as your mouse passes over it. (surfnetkids.com)
  • Rick Gindele has been a geography educator since 1993, and has taught world regional geography, IB human geography, AP human geography, and IB physical geography. (learner.org)
  • Geography is more important than ever to make sense of our changing world. (learner.org)
  • Geography has higher aims than this: it seeks to classify phenomena (alike of the natural and of the political world, in so far as it treats of the latter), to compare, to generalize, to ascend from effects to causes, and, in doing so, to trace out the laws of nature and to mark their influences upon man. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is 'a description of the world'-that is Geography. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2008, the Geographical Association also gave Horrible Geography of the World a Highly Commended Award for its contribution to school geography. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human geography or anthropogeography is the branch of geography that is associated and deals with humans and their relationships with communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across locations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavioral geography emerged for some time as a means to understand how people made perceived spaces and places, and made locational decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • I teach across the physical geography courses, My particular passion is the landscapes and ecologies of the world's deserts. (le.ac.uk)
  • Before viewing the video programs for Workshop 3: North America, please read the National Geography Standards featured in this workshop. (learner.org)
  • The event was hosted by the AAG and the US National Section Geography Commission during the world's largest academic and scientific disciplinary conference, attended by an estimated 8,200 scholars and practitioners from more than 75 countries. (aag.org)
  • Sir, - With the removal of history and geography as Junior Cycle core subjects, is the Government hoping for a new generation of citizens who don't know who they are, where they are from, and why things are the way they are? (irishtimes.com)
  • Geography has a legacy of studying the distribution of both human and physical phenomena. (middlebury.edu)
  • William Hughes, 1863 Just as all phenomena exist in time and thus have a history, they also exist in space and have a geography. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Minor concentration may be expanded into the Major Concentration Geography, but not into the Major Concentration Geography (Urban Studies). (mcgill.ca)
  • For more information, see Minor Concentration Geography (18 credits) . (mcgill.ca)
  • For more information, see Major Concentration Geography (37 credits) . (mcgill.ca)
  • A total of 6 graduate credits from an accredited institution may be transferred into the Geography and Urban Studies program. (temple.edu)
  • Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) Volume 4 - Significant Urban Areas, Urban Centres and Localities, Section of State (cat no. 1270.0.55.004). (abs.gov.au)
  • Canvases current research topics, methods, and theoretical debates in urban geography. (washington.edu)
  • From the Amazon to Tibet, this Web site introduces us to geography with annotated clips from the film and notes from Dr. Cecil Keen, a professor of Geography at Minnesota State University Mankato. (surfnetkids.com)
  • If Excel recognizes what you are typing as being a tradable financial instrument or a geographical location, it offers to set the linked data type for you (Stocks or Geography). (microsoft.com)
  • The Royal Geographical Society was founded in England in 1830, although the United Kingdom did not get its first full Chair of geography until 1917. (wikipedia.org)
  • Horrible Geography: Odious Oceans, Violent Volcanoes and Stormy Weather won the Geographical Association Silver Award in 1999. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical geography generally focuses on physical systems at the landscape scale, that is, not at the scale of the globe or below the surface of the earth, which is the realm of geology. (middlebury.edu)