African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Classical swine fever virus: A species of the PESTIVIRUS genus causing exceedingly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine.Iridoviridae: A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.Classical Swine Fever: An acute, highly contagious disease affecting swine of all ages and caused by the CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS. It has a sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Vero Cells: A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.Cercopithecus aethiops: A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.Asfarviridae: A family of double-stranded DNA viruses containing one genus Asfivirus. It is the source of AFRICAN SWINE FEVER.Ornithodoros: A genus of softbacked TICKS, in the family ARGASIDAE, serving as the vector of BORRELIA, causing RELAPSING FEVER, and of the AFRICAN SWINE FEVER VIRUS.Viral Structural Proteins: Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Yellow fever virus: The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.Hemadsorption: A phenomenon manifested by an agent or substance adhering to or being adsorbed on the surface of a red blood cell, as tuberculin can be adsorbed on red blood cells under certain conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed)Polyproteins: Proteins which are synthesized as a single polymer and then cleaved into several distinct proteins.Rift Valley fever virus: A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Genes, Viral: The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.DNA Viruses: Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Virus Assembly: The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.DNA, Viral: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Virion: The infective system of a virus, composed of the viral genome, a protein core, and a protein coat called a capsid, which may be naked or enclosed in a lipoprotein envelope called the peplos.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Vaccinia virus: The type species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS, related to COWPOX VIRUS, but whose true origin is unknown. It has been used as a live vaccine against SMALLPOX. It is also used as a vector for inserting foreign DNA into animals. Rabbitpox virus is a subspecies of VACCINIA VIRUS.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)ArtiodactylaCytopathogenic Effect, Viral: Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Crimean-Congo: A species of NAIROVIRUS of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. It is primarily transmitted by ticks and causes a severe, often fatal disease in humans.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Macrophages: The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)Yellow Fever: An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Rift Valley Fever: An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Malawi: A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.Capsid: The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.Pestivirus: A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Gene Expression Regulation, Viral: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic factors influence the differential control of gene action in viruses.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Antigens, Viral: Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.Fluorescent Antibody Technique: Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.

*African swine fever virus

The virus is thought to be derived from a virus of soft tick (genus Ornithodoros) that infects wild swine, including giant ... 2008). "African Swine Fever Virus". Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-22-6. Dixon, L ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the causative agent of African swine fever (ASF). The virus causes a haemorrhagic fever ... In July, 3 farms discovered African swine fever in Estonia. [...] African swine fever spreads to farmed pigs, 500 animals to be ...

*Asfarviridae

The viruses in the Asfivirus genus infects swine, resulting in an onset of African swine fever. The name of this family and ... Group: dsDNA Order: Unassigned Family: Asfarviridae Genus: Asfivirus African swine fever virus The virons consist of an ... African swine fever and related viruses. Only a single species has been described to date for this genus. This group of viruses ... There are two genera in this family. These are the Asfarivirus and the Faustovirus. The Asfaravirus infect insects and swine ...

*DNA virus

... and the large eukaryal DNA viruses: the African swine fever virus (Asfarviridae), Chlorella viruses (Phycodnaviridae) and ... Species of the genus Rhizidiovirus infect stramenopiles. These are the only known dsDNA viruses that infect stramenopiles. ... fish lymphocystis disease virus (Iridoviridae) and chlorella virus (Phycoviridae). The pol genes of the African swine fever ... Species of the genus Dinodnavirus infect dinoflagellates. These are the only known viruses that infect dinoflagellates. ...

*Ticks of domestic animals

The virus of Nairobi sheep disease in East Africa is transmitted by Rhipicephalus ticks. African swine fever is naturally ... In addition, some species of protozoans (within the Theileria and Babesia genera), are able to infect ticks when they exist in ... Examples include the viruses that cause Tick-borne encephalitis, and Kyasanur Forest disease. Borrelia bacteria are well ... However, within groups of domestic pigs, the virus can also be transmitted by contagion. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus ...

*Dinodnavirus

... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus. ... Dinodnavirus is a genus of viruses that infect dinoflagellates. This genus belongs to the clade of nucleocytoplasmic large DNA ... The type species is Heterocapsa circularisquama DNA virus 01. The virus has an isosahedral capsid ~200 nanometers in diameter. ... The taxonomic position of this genus is unclear at present. The type species was originally thought to belong to the family ...

*Veterinary virology

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus which replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells and ... Torovirus is a genus of viruses within the family Coronaviridae, subfamily Torovirinae that primarily infect vertebrates and ... West Nile virus, Israel turkey meningoencephalomyelitis virus, Sitiawan virus, Wesselsbron virus, yellow fever virus and the ... Flaviviruses include the West Nile virus, dengue virus, Tick-borne Encephalitis Virus, Yellow Fever Virus, and several other ...

*Taxonomic list of viruses

Genus: Asfivirus African swine fever virus Family: Baculoviridae Genus: Alphabaculovirus Adoxophyes honmai nucleopolyhedrovirus ... Emerging issues in virus taxonomy. Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2004;10(1):8-13. doi:10.3201/eid1001.030279. PMID 15078590. Mayo MA. ... virus Uganda S virus Usutu virus Wesselsbron virus West Nile virus Yaounde virus Yellow fever virus Yokose virus Zika virus ... Bujaru virus Candiru virus Chilibre virus Frijoles virus Punta Toro virus Rift Valley fever virus Salehabad virus Sandfly fever ...

*Swine influenza

... virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is ... "Swine influenza virus: zoonotic potential and vaccination strategies for the control of avian and swine influenzas". J. Infect ... Of the three genera of influenza viruses that cause human flu, two also cause influenza in pigs, with influenza A being common ... In swine, an influenza infection produces fever, lethargy, sneezing, coughing, difficulty breathing and decreased appetite. In ...

*Foot-and-mouth disease

The virus causes a high fever for approximately two to six days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may ... Coxsackie viruses belong to the Enteroviruses within the Picornaviridae. Because FMD rarely infects humans, but spreads rapidly ... The virus responsible for the disease is a picornavirus, the prototypic member of the genus Aphthovirus. Infection occurs when ... Smuggled swine or contaminated meat are thus likely sources of the disease. The disease spread rapidly among swine herds in ...

*Influenza A virus subtype H5N1

CDC article Genome Analysis Linking Recent European and African Influenza (H5N1) Viruses EID Journal Home > Volume 13, Number 5 ... creating variations which can infect species not previously known to carry the virus, not all of these variant forms can infect ... Flu virus-induced increases in the level of cytokines is also associated with flu symptoms, including fever, chills, vomiting ... H5N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus of the Influenzavirus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family. Like all other ...
Modulation of the structure, catalytic activity, and fidelity of African swine fever virus DNA polymerase X by a reversible disulfide switch.
African swine fever is a devastating hemorrhagic fever of pigs, caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV). In Africa, the presence of a sylvatic cycle involving warthogs and soft ticks means that the risk of introduction of ASFV into domestic swine is always present. Bushpigs (Potamochoerus larvatus) are nocturnal, susceptible to ASFV and share a natural interface with both warthogs and domestic pigs. The role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of ASFV if any is not understood, yet control strategies of the disease in areas with probable contact between bushpigs and domestic pigs would depend on such information. This study used a molecular and ecological approach to investigate the role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of African swine fever at the wildlife-livestock interface in Uganda. The GPS/GSM ...
African swine fever virus, illustration. This virus is a member of the iridovirus group that causes African swine fever. Unlike other DNA- containing vertebrate viruses (except the poxviruses), the iridovirus replicates in the host cells cytoplasm (most others replicate in the nucleus). - Stock Image F016/8841
African swine fever. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs that produces a wide range of clinical signs and lesions that closely resemble those of classical swine fever. Infection, with a highly variable virulence, causes, typically 3-15 days later, high fever, reddening of the skin (visible only in pale-skinned pigs), decreased appetite, listlessness, loss of coordination, vomiting, diarrhoea (sometimes bloody) and eye discharges. Mortality rates can be as high as 100% in domestic pigs and wild boar, with death occurring in less than a week. In some cases, sudden death may be the only clinical sign.. The disease was first described after European settlers brought pigs into areas endemic with ASFV and, as such, is an example of an emerging infection. Although ASFV can be adapted to grow ...
The role of the ancestral sylvatic cycle of the African swine fever virus (ASFV) is not well understood in the endemic areas of eastern Africa. We therefore analysed the ASF infection status on samples collected from 51 free-ranging warthogs (Phacocherus africanus) and 1576 Ornithodorus porcinus ticks from 26 independent warthog burrows at a single ranch in Kenya. Abattoir samples from 83 domestic pigs without clinical symptoms, originating from specific locations with no recent reported ASF outbreaks were included in this study. All samples were derived from areas of central Kenya, where ASF outbreaks have been reported in the past. Infection with ASFV was confirmed in 22% of O. porcinus pools, 3.22% of adult warthog serum samples and 49% of domestic pig serum samples by using p72-based PCR. All of the warthog sera were positive for anti-ASFV antibodies, investigated by using ELISA, but ...
African swine fever is highly contagious and nearly 100% fatal to swine herds. It occurs among pigs and wild boars, transmitted by ticks and direct contact between animals. There is no vaccine for the disease, but it does not affect humans.. The first outbreak of African swine fever in East Asia was reported in China in early August 2018. Since then, the deadly virus has spread to all Chinese provinces and regions, as well as to other Asian nations, including Vietnam and the Philippines.. South Korea, Asias fourth-largest economy, does not import any pork products or live pigs from China due to Chinas history of foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks. It mainly imports from the United States and Germany, and pork imports account for about a third of the countrys total pork supplies.. Although this is the first time African swine ...
The outbreaks of African Swine Fever in Bulgaria have resulted in more than 100 000 pigs being culled in the northern part of the country, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) said on the evening of August 1.. Estimates from before the outbreak of African Swine Fever put the number of registered pigs in Bulgaria at a maximum 600 000.. The Bulgarian Food Safety Agency has begun checks in small towns in northern Bulgaria to see if farmers have voluntarily got rid of their pigs, the report said.. The deadline for doing so in districts in that part of Bulgaria expired on July 31. Failure to comply means a fine of 100 to 1000 leva (about 50 to 500 euro).. Efforts by veterinary authorities in Rousse, the largest city on Bulgarias Danube border, are currently aimed at controlling the outbreak of African Swine Fever in the town of Byala, where a sick pig was found in ...
We describe a horizontal survey of African swine fever virus (ASFV) prevalence and risk factors associated with virus infection in domestic pigs in two contrasting production systems in Kenya. A free range/tethering, low input production system in Ndhiwa District of South-western Kenya is compared with a medium input stall fed production system in Kiambu District of Central Kenya. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of data derived from cluster analysis showed that number of animals, number of breeding sows and number of weaner pigs were a significant factor in classifying farms in Nhiwa and Kiambu. Analysis of blood and serum samples using a PCR assay demonstrated an average animal level positivity to ASFV of 28% in two independent samplings in South-western Kenya and 0% PCR positivity in Central Kenya. No animals were sero-positive in either study site using the OIE indirect-ELISA and none of the animals sampled ...
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Bulgarian Food Safety Agency on Saturday confirmed the first outbreak of African swine fever in an industrial farm in the country.. A total of about 17,000 pigs are fattened in the farm, which is located in the village of Nikolovo near Danube River in Ruse Region, the agency said in a statement.. All pigs in the farm will be culled, and meat and products produced from pigs from the farm will be destroyed, the statement said.. The first case of African swine fever in domestic pigs in Bulgaria this year was reported on July 3, and the latest outbreak brought the total number to 17.. However, the previous 16 outbreaks were in backyard farms. As a precautionary measure, 375 domestic pigs were culled so far. ...
African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland, according to the latest epidemiological data analysed by these Member States and EFSA.. The disease is spreading at about 2 km a month in Latvia and Estonia, and 1 km a month in Lithuania and Poland. In addition, the number of infected animals found among hunted wild boar is very low (up to 3%). The outbreaks in wild boar in the Baltic countries and Poland can therefore be defined as a "small-scale epidemic".. The report covers cases reported between 2014 and 2016.. "This report is the outcome of a fruitful cooperation with Member States. We look forward to continuing investigations on this disease, which has serious socio-economic consequences in affected countries," says Andrea Gervelmeyer, veterinary epidemiologist at EFSA.. The first cases of African swine fever were identified in Lithuania and in eastern Poland ...
We applied social network analysis to pig trader networks on the Kenya-Uganda border. Social network analysis is a recently developed tool, which is useful for understanding value chains and improving disease control policies. We interviewed a sample of 33 traders about their experiences with trade and African swine fever (ASF), analyzed the networks they generated in purchasing pigs and selling pork and their potential contribution to modulating dissemination of the ASF virus (ASFV). The majority of the traders were aware of clinical signs of ASF and the risk of trade transmitting ASFV. Most said they avoided buying pigs from ASF outbreak villages or sick pigs but their experiences also indicated that inadvertent purchase was relatively common. Traders had early knowledge of outbreaks since they were contacted by farmers who had heard rumours and wanted to sell their pigs to avoid the risk of them dying. Individual traders bought pigs in up ...
Microarray technology can be useful for pathogen detection as it allows simultaneous interrogation of the presence or absence of a large number of genetic signatures. However, most microarray assays are labour-intensive and time-consuming to perform. This study describes the development and initial evaluation of a multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and novel accompanying automated electronic microarray assay for simultaneous detection and differentiation of seven important viruses that affect swine (foot-and-mouth disease virus [FMDV], swine vesicular disease virus [SVDV], vesicular exanthema of swine virus [VESV], African swine fever virus [ASFV], classical swine fever virus [CSFV], porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus ...
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly contagious disease of pigs that has a near 100% mortality rate. The disease was first reported in Kenya in 1921 and was introduced to the Caucasus region when it spread to Georgia in mid-2007. Since this introduction, ASFV has spread to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Russia. From 2007 to 2017, Russia reported more than 1,000 ASFV outbreaks that resulted in approximately 800,000 pigs being killed. From March to October 2017, there were outbreaks of ASFV in Siberia, causing concern that the disease could spread to China. In August 2018, the FAO noted that ASFV strain detected in China was "similar" to the strain detected in Russia in 2017 ...
The U.S. Department of Agricultures (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) added Moldova to a list of regions considered affected with African swine fever (ASF). We are taking this action because of the confirmation of ASF in Moldova. ASF is a highly contagious disease of wild and domestic swine that can spread rapidly in swine populations with extremely high rates of morbidity and mortality. A list of regions where ASF exists or is reasonably believed to exist is maintained on the APHIS Web site at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-and-animal-product-import-information/ct_animal_disease_status. ...
MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippines Department of Agriculture on Tuesday threatened legal action against hog traders ignoring strict animal quarantine rules as it confirmed new cases of African swine fever infections in metropolitan Manila and a northern province.. Agriculture Secretary William Dar said the highly contagious and deadly disease was detected in another backyard hog-raising business in Quezon City in the countrys capital.. Dar, who also confirmed African swine fever outbreaks in Pangasinan province in the northern Philippines, has ordered the culling of pigs in affected areas.. The incurable disease is wreaking havoc on hog industries in China and Southeast Asia and could also spell trouble for U.S. grain exporters supplying animal feeds to virus-hit countries such as Vietnam, Myanmar and the Philippines.. Dar told reporters hog traders transporting ...
Main Article. The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.. ...
Asia is home to 4.6 billion more than half of the planets population and most of them rely heavily on a pork diet. China with a population of almost 1.5 billion people have suffered the biggest impact of African Swine Fever, more than 55% of Chinese pigs - hundreds of millions of animals - have now been lost, and the result has been a chronic shortage of pork and rocketing price. The disease is eating up pig populations of South East Asia. Vietnam and the Philippines have seen some of the worst outbreaks in the region. The latest country to report an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) is Indonesia, specifically in the province of North Sumatra, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations confirmed on Dec. 12. The disease has also been detected in Mongolia, Cambodia, South Korea, North Korea, Myanmar and East Timor, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation. Outside of Asia, the ...
In the latest episode of Contagious Thinking, join CVR PhD student Jack Hirst and postdoc Connor Bamford as they chat with Dr Charles Masembe (follow him on Twitter:@cmasembe10) about his work on some of Africas most important animal viruses.. Charles works currently on a virus called African swine fever virus (ASFV), which causes a deadly disease in domestic pigs that can cause great economic and political turmoil in affected regions. ASFV is a fascinating large DNA virus that is spread by wild pigs and the ticks that feed on them. The virus can move between the wild pigs and farmed domestic pigs. Understanding this movement is a major focus of Charles work.. Charles is a veterinarian and molecular epidemiologist by training and is an associate professor at the College of Natural Sciences at Makerere University in Uganda. He is working in a collaboration ...
In the Ramenskoye district of the Moscow region recorded outbreak of African swine fever, reports "Interfax".. Specialists of the Rosselkhoznadzor found in the enterprise "agro Konstantinovo" the violation of a number of veterinary standards and requirements. Absent heat-treatment of the feed, worked a disinfection barrier.. From African swine fever (ASF) has killed 17 adult animals and 24 pigs. Earlier, three infected pigs were sold to private hands, the buyer did not know about the disease.. On the farm goes the extra sanitization and destruction of livestock. Infected animals will be killed in a bloodless manner. Because of the virus, the enterprise may lose more than 200 animals.. This year the Rosselkhoznadzor expects more than 300 outbreaks in Russia. Most likely the risk of ASF in Mordovia, Udmurtia, Mari El, Tatarstan, the Tver and ...
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African swine fever has ravaged Chinas pig population, and the countrys consumers are feeling the pain. Some are even switching to other meats as the dietary staple becomes unaffordable.
Laboratoires CEETAL offer a large range of disinfectants for breeding farms, in pigs, poultries, cattles, ..... to improve the hygiene in the breeding farms : surface and atmospheric disinfectant.And to eradicate desease like african swine fever (ASF), hog cholera, H5N1, H1N1, swine fever, gumboro, newcastle, aujesky, mycobacterium, blue ears, avian influenza, ...
Gómez-Villamandos, JC, Carrasco, L, Bautista, MJ, Sierra, MA, Quezada, M, Hervas, J, Chacón, MDEL, Ruiz-Villamor, E, Salguero, FJ, Sónchez-Cordón, PJ, Romanini, S, Núñez, A, Mekonen, T, Méndez, A and Jover, A (2003) African swine fever and classical swine fever: a review of the pathogenesis. ...
The state service of Ukraine on issues of food safety and consumer protection (state foods and consumer service) and the national police in the near future will
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There are two objectives in the infected zone: to prevent further spread of infection through quarantine and livestock movement controls and to remove sources of infection as quickly as possible through slaughter of potentially infected pigs, safe disposal of carcasses and decontamination.. The balance of actions towards these objectives depends on circumstances. An important decision must be made between two options. If pigs in the infected zone are not well controlled and there is a risk of further rapid spread of the disease or transfer to wild pigs, or if resources for surveillance and imposition of quarantine and movement controls are inadequate, it may be expedient to slaughter all pigs in the infected zone or in specific areas of the zone. On the other hand, if pigs are securely contained on farms and resources for surveillance and imposition of quarantine and movement controls are adequate, the best ...
The early identification of classical swine fever epizootics is hampered by difficulties in recognising early signs of infection, due to a lack of specific clinical signs. In addition many textbook descriptions of CSF are based on observations of disease caused by historic, mainly genotype 1, strains. Our objective was to improve our knowledge of the diverse range of signs that different CSFV strains can cause by characterising the experimental infection of domestic pigs with both a recent strain of CSFV and a divergent strain. Conventional pigs were inoculated with a genotype 2.1 isolate, that caused an outbreak in the UK in 2000, and a genotype 3.3 strain that is genetically divergent from European strains. This latter strain is also antigenically distinct as it is only poorly recognised by the CSFV-specific monoclonal antibody, WH303. Transmission was monitored by use of in-contact animals. Clinical, virological and haematological ...
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious swine disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). Previously, we demonstrated that rAdV-SFV-E2, an adenovirus-delivered, Semliki Forest virus replicon-vectored marker vaccine against CSF, is able to protect pigs against lethal CSFV challenge. From an economical point of view, it will be beneficial to reduce the minimum effective dose of the vaccine. This study was designed to test the adjuvant effects of Salmonella enteritidis-derived bacterial ghosts (BG) to enhance the protective immunity of rAdV-SFV-E2 in pigs. Groups of 5-week-old pigs (n = 4) were immunized intramuscularly twice with 105 median tissue culture infective doses (TCID50) rAdV-SFV-E2 combined with 1010 colony forming units (CFU) BG, 106 or 105 TCID50 rAdV-SFV-E2 alone or 1010 CFU BG alone at an interval of 3 weeks, and challenged ...
Imports of pork rinds, a snack food made from deep-fried pork skins, are so well cooked that the risk of transmitting hog diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, swine vesicular disease, African swine fever and classical swine fever, is non-existent, said the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
November 24, 2010 - The U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is amending its regulations governing the importation of certain animals and animal products by adding the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina to the list of regions we recognize as free of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), rinderpest, swine vesicular disease (SVD), classical swine fever (CSF) and African swine fever (ASF). APHIS is also adding Santa Catarina to the list of regions that are subject to certain import restrictions on meat and meat products because of their proximity to or trading relationships with rinderpest- or FMD-affected countries. These actions will update the disease status of Santa Catarina with regard to FMD, rinderpest, SVD, CSF and ASF while continuing to protect the United States from an introduction of those diseases by providing additional requirements for live ...
The European Commission said that given the serious impact that animal disease outbreaks can have on human health, society, the economy and trade, the allocation of EU co-financing will continue to assist national authorities to put in place precautionary measures, disease surveillance and eradication programmes, at national and European level.. Overall 142 programmes have been selected for EU funding: Bovine Tuberculosis (about €56 million); Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (about €42 million); Rabies (€27.5 million); Salmonellosis (about €17.5 million); Bovine Brucellosis (about €10 million); Classical Swine Fever (€3 million); Avian Influenza (€2.5 million); Bluetongue (€1.5 million); African Swine Fever and Swine Vesicular Disease in Italy (about €850.000).. EU co-financing has resulted in a continuous decrease in the number of cases of diseases, such as Salmonellosis (the second most frequently ...
The domestic swine fever virus C strain was purified by USA, Japan, local swine fever, but the domestic swine fever epidemic is still serious. Control of classical swine fever, the industry has different views, many people think is the prob
This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence and related risk factors of porcine cysticercosis (caused by Taenia solium) and African swine fever (ASF) in domestic pigs, and assesses the state of pork inspection ...
Our group The Non-Vesicular Disease Reference Laboratory Group brings together all the reference laboratories working on non-vesicular diseases at Pirbright. These diseases include bluetongue (BT), African horse sickness, African swine fever, morbilliviruses (peste des petits ruminants and rinderpest - which was declared eradicated in May 2011), and capripox viruses (lumpy skin disease and sheep and goat pox).
Early reaction means carrying out without delay the disease control activities needed to contain the outbreak and then to eliminate the disease and infection in the shortest possible time and in the most cost-effective way, or at least to return to the status quo and to provide the objective, scientific evidence that one of these objectives has been attained.. The emphasis here has been on promoting the principles of contingency planning and emergency preparedness in order to have a capability for rapid response to a disease incursion.. Contingency planning guides have been prepared both for generic plans and especially for rinderpest, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth diseases, Rift Valley fever and African swine fever.. Workshops on contingency planning have been conducted in Africa, Central Europe and Asia. ...
In Uganda pig farming is an increasingly popular source of livelihoods [1] and the population of pigs has increased from 1.7 million in 2003 to 3.2 million 2009 [2],[3]. There is a deliberate effort by the government of Uganda to encourage pig farming in poor rural communities throughPrograms like National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS; www.naads.or.ug). The popularity of pig farming is partially due to the ability of farmers to keep pigs under minimal input systems, allowing pigs to range freely, thereby exploiting the scavenging nature of the animals to feed them cheaply. Despite the economic opportunities which these low-input systems provide, pigs that are kept under a free range system are at high risk of acquiring a range of diseases. These diseases can either be production limiting, such as the helminths Ascaris suis and Trichuris suis[4],[5] or the highly pathogenic virus causing African swine fever [6], or have serious ...
Classical swine fever is currently not only a problem in certain regions of Germany but also in the Eastern Cape region. An outbreak means severe economical problems. The Eastern Cape agriculture authorities even admitted that they don`t know whether they are winning the fight against swine fever.
A surveillance program directed specifically at detecting Classical Swine Fever is now in progress at Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (ISU VDL). The ISU VDL is one of the 12 core laboratories in the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN). The primary function of NAHLN labs is to participate in ongoing surveillance and response to foreign animal diseases and other events requiring an integrated laboratory effort of preparedness, controlled testing, and timely reporting. Federal funding for this program provides equipment and diagnostic reagents as well as support for technical positions and proficiency training of technicians. The ISU VDL has the in-house capability to test for Classical Swine Fever, High Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Exotic Newcastle Disease.. Diagnosticians at the ISU VDL will select suspect cases from routine submissions to the ISU VDL. The criteria listed below will be used in case ...
Gómez-Villamandos, JC, Carrasco, L, Bautista, MJ, Sierra, MA, Quezada, M, Hervas, J, Chacón, MDEL, Ruiz-Villamor, E, Salguero, FJ, Sónchez-Cordón, PJ, Romanini, S, Núñez, A, Mekonen, T, Méndez, A and Jover, A (2003) African swine fever and classical swine fever: a review of the pathogenesis. ...
Yellow fever virus particles (virions), coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM). Yellow fever virus belongs to the Flavivirus family (subgroup arbovirus) and is an enveloped RNA virus. The virus shape is icosahedral with a lipid containing envelop. It is also known as a togavirus. Yellow fever virus is carried by mosquitoes and is common in Africa, Central and South America. In Africa, Aedes sp. is the insect vectors that carry the virus, while in South America, Haemagogus sp. is the insect vector. The yellow fever virus is transmitted to humans when an infected female mosquito bites a human. Symptoms include fever, headache and nausea (flu-like symptoms). In serious cases there may be liver and kidney damage (necrosis), and even ...
Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is an endemic disease in Cuba, and an eradication strategy by zones is planned by the Official Veterinary Service. The aim of this study was to identify high-risk areas of CSF and the risk factors associated with the disease occurrence in the Pinar del Río province, one of the prioritized areas in the eradication strategy. The outbreak occurrence at district level was analyzed through a 7-year period (2009 to 2015). A high-risk cluster (RR = 5.13, 95% CI 3.49-7.56) was detected during the last 2 years of the study period in the eastern half of the province, with 38 out of 97 districts included. The rate of CSF-affected holdings had a significant increase during 2014-2015 and seems to have occurred mainly in the high-risk cluster area. Swine population density by district (heads/km2) and road length (km) by district were associated with the disease outbreak occurrence. These results provide new insights into the knowledge of the ...
Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever). Sandra Axiak and Carolin Winter. Definition of hog cholera:. highly contagious viral disease of swine can cause acute, chronic, or congenital disease considered a foreign animal disease. Foreign animal disease (FAD):. Definition: Slideshow 113381 by flora
Outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF) can lead to large economic losses and have a major impact on animal welfare. A pig infected by CSF virus (CSFV) may show specific clinical symptoms (conjunctivitis, skin haemorrhages, cyanotic ears and lameness), but often the signs are aspecific (fever, dullness, diarrhoea and loss of appetite; Klinkenberg et al. 2005). Meanwhile, the infection can spread rapidly to other pigs (Laevens et al. 1998) and to other farms. At the moment the disease is first detected, a large number of farms may already be infected. To halt the epidemic, reducing the number of susceptible animals in the affected area is often required, especially in pig-dense regions. Two methods to achieve this are pre-emptive culling and emergency vaccination. Pre-emptive culling was used in the later stages of the 1997/1998 epidemic of CSF in The Netherlands, causing a large number of ...
Baroness Hayman today attended a meeting between senior MAFF officials and representatives of all industries affected by the CSF outbreak. The Minister of State had been invited to the meeting at Harleston, Norfolk, which provided a further opportunity to discuss face-to-face with those affected the practical welfare and financial problems being experienced in infected areas. Speaking after the meeting Baroness Hayman said: Classical swine fever is a highly contagious pig disease which can have a devastating impact on businesses and families, whether through the disease itself or consequential movement restrictions. I have come to East Anglia again today to listen directly to those affected by this outbreak. A variety of issues were raised which will be considered both at the control centre in Bury St Edmunds and in London. Controlling this disease remains of paramount importance to farmers and the wider industry. It is our first priority. We have been aware ...
MAFF staff are working all out to tackle the outbreak of Classical Swine Fever in East Anglia and lift the movement restrictions affecting farmers. Chief Veterinary Officer Jim Scudamore today told pig industry representatives he understood how important it was for farmers in restricted areas to be able to look forward and plan for the lifting of restrictions but that work on controlling the disease must come first. Mr Scudamore told a meeting of stakeholders in London: It is a huge task and we must prioritise. We have already had help from official vets from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and private vets from the Netherlands. We are seeking additional specialist help from American and Dutch veterinary services and we are recruiting additional non-veterinary support staff locally. We have developed plans for carrying out all the inspections, examinations and sampling which will be required before the Infected Area restrictions can be lifted. ...
inproceedings{377967, author = {Dewulf, Jeroen and Laevens, Hans and KOENEN, F and Mintiens, Koen and de Kruif, Aart}, booktitle = {of the OIE International Conference on the Control of Infectious Animal Diseases by Vaccination}, title = {The use of conventional and marker vaccines in the control of classical swine fever epidemics}, year = {2004 ...
2008) Classical swine fever virus vaccine stability in Lao PDR. In: Conlan, J., Blacksell, S., Morrissy, C. and Colling, A., (eds.) Management of classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease in Lao PDR : proceedings of an international workshop held in Vientiane, Lao PDR, 20-21 November 2006. ACIAR Proceedings No. 128. ACIAR, Canberra, Australia, pp. 80-83. Morrissy, C., Wright, L., Conlan, J., Goff, W., Colling, A., Hammond, J., Johnson, M., Blacksell, S. and Daniels, P. ...
Shouts to Tapemasters Inc once again! Track list and download link after the jump! 1. (00:00:57) Lil Wayne - Welcome Back 2. (00:06:53) Lil Wayne - Dedication 3 feat. Mack Mane, Willie The Kid, Gudda Gudda 3. (00:01:02) Lil Wayne - What Else Is The To Do 4. (00:04:00) Lil Wayne - Dick Pleaser feat. Jae Millz 5. (00:02:48) Lil Wayne - Aint I feat. Jae Millz 6. (00:01:41) Lil Wayne - You Love Me You Hate Me 7. (00:03:57) Lil Wayne - Bang Bang feat. Jae Millz, Gudda Gudda 8. (00:04:08) Lil Wayne - The Other Side feat. La The Darkman, Jae Millz, Gudda Gudda 9. (00:04:32) Lil Wayne - My Weezy feat. Shanell, Lil Twist & Tyga 10. (00:00:50) Lil Wayne - A Dedication 11. (00:04:58) Lil Wayne - Shes A Ryder feat. Gudda Gudda 12. (00:03:11) Lil Wayne - Still I Rise feat. Nicki Manaj 13. (00:03:10) Lil Wayne - Magic feat. Gudda Gudda 14. (00:02:01) Lil Wayne - Dos & Donts Of Young Money 15. (00:04:38) Lil Wayne - Whoever You Like feat. Jae Millz & Gudda ... ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evolutionary and ecological factors underlying the tempo and distribution of yellow fever virus activity. AU - Carrington, Christine V.F.. AU - Auguste, Albert J.. PY - 2013/1/1. Y1 - 2013/1/1. N2 - Yellow fever virus (YFV) is historically one of the most important viruses to affect human populations. Despite the existence of highly effective vaccines for over 70. years, yellow fever remains a significant and re-emerging cause of morbidity and mortality in endemic and high-risk regions of South America and Africa. The virus may be maintained in sylvatic enzootic/epizootic, transitional and urban epidemic transmission cycles with geographic variation in terms of levels of genetic diversity, the nature of transmission cycles and patterns of outbreak activity. In this review we consider evolutionary and ecological factors underlying YFV emergence, maintenance ...
Lookup HS Codes for Jersey i 02.03.11 Of domestic swine. Avalara LandedCosts helps determine your duty rates and other import taxes for Jersey.
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Yellow Fever Virus Reagents Research Reagents Biofront Technologies. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the American tropics have been reinfested with Aedes aegypti, the mosquito known to carry arboviruses such as Yellow Fever. Most urban dwellers are vulnerable because of low immunization coverage and Latin America is now at greater risk of epidemics than at any time in the past 50 years. The BioFront Technologies line of anti-Yellow Fever virus monoclonal antibodies have been demonstratrd to produce reliable and trusted results for researchers leading the fight against this global issue. YELLOW FEVER MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES
Mouse Monoclonal. Reactivity: Yellow Fever virus. Application: ICC/IF, Functional Assay. Specificity: This antibody is specific for the envelope protein of the wild (Asibi) and vaccine strains of yellow fever virus.. Package: 100μl. ...
Yellow fever virus definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
Previous studies provided evidence that both YFV infection and YFV-17D infection are rapidly cleared by a type I IFN-mediated innate immune response in mice (7, 12, 13). Indeed, depletion of type I IFN allows extensive viral replication, leading to death or T-cell-mediated clearance during YFV-Asibi or YFV-17D infection, respectively (12, 16). Although YFV-17D inhibits type I IFN signaling in infected cells (15), evidence suggests that type I IFN might have a role in the YFV-17D-induced immunogenicity process in human vaccinees. Analysis of the transcriptome of peripheral immune cells from human vaccinees showed that several genes involved in type I IFN pathways (STAT1) as well as interferon-stimulated genes (ISG15, MX1, and OAS1) are upregulated upon vaccination (41). This correlated with immunogenicity, suggesting a link between the type I IFN response and immunogenicity. However, the precise nature of this link remains to be understood. ...
No diagnostic sample submission is complete without including the tonsil. Because of their location in the oropharynx, the tonsils are exposed to a variety of viral and bacterial pathogens. Advances in diagnostic capabilities have made analysis of the tonsils an increasingly important tool in diagnosing a number of endemic swine diseases. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) now has funding to use the tonsil as part of a routine surveillance program to detect classical swine fever (CSF) and is offering incentives to encourage practitioners to submit samples for surveillance.. Tests using the tonsil have been developed by the Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (FADDL) at USDAs Plum Island Animal Disease Center to aid in detection and diagnosis of CSF. USDAs Classical Swine Fever (CSF) Surveillance Procedure Manual1 includes tonsil, tonsil scrapings, and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Flavivirus NS5 prevents the InSTATement of IFN. AU - Shi, Pei Yong. PY - 2014/9/10. Y1 - 2014/9/10. N2 - Given the potency of interferon-α/β, viral evasion of this pathway is crucial for infection. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Laurent-Rolle et al. (2014) report that during yellow fever virus infection, interferon-α/β stimulates the polyubiquitination of viral NS5, which binds to STAT2 and inhibits transcription of interferon-stimulated genes.. AB - Given the potency of interferon-α/β, viral evasion of this pathway is crucial for infection. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Laurent-Rolle et al. (2014) report that during yellow fever virus infection, interferon-α/β stimulates the polyubiquitination of viral NS5, which binds to STAT2 and inhibits transcription of interferon-stimulated genes.. UR - ...
APHIS recognizes the prevalence of CSF in Guatemala and responded immediately to their request for assistance to help control their latest outbreak," said Dr. John R. Clifford, USDAs Chief Veterinary Officer. "We sent a team of subject matter experts to assess the situation and concluded that the use of much-needed vaccine would help in containing the spread of the disease.". On March 19, APHIS donated the vaccines based on a request for assistance from the Guatemalan Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Humberto Maldonado, to help Guatemala control the spread of CSF there.. This assistance will help control and limit spread of CSF in Guatemala and neighboring countries. Among these countries are Mexico, currently working to control and eradicate the disease, and the United States, which has been free of CSF for over 30 years. Thus, this assistance extends beyond Guatemala and contributes to safeguarding animal health throughout Central and North America.. "With trade opportunities increasing each ...
This video covers vaccines and diagnostic tests for avian influenza and is designed for those who will select vaccines and diagnostic tests to be used in an H5N1 avian influenza control program ...
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) emerged in the late 1980s and rapidly became one of the most significant viral pathogens in the swine industry. In vivo, the virus shows a very narrow cell ...
Of all the Megavirales members, faustovirus shared the largest number of orthologs, as defined by the bidirectional best-hit strategy (45), with ASFV. Thus, the faustovirus and ASFV protein sequences comprised 52 pairs of orthologs that shared 21 to 50% identity; 13 of these 52 genes were not found in any other members of the Megavirales. In addition, phylogenies of several conserved genes of Megavirales, including that encoding the family B DNA polymerase, showed that faustovirus E12 and other faustovirus isolates were distantly related to ASFV (Fig. 3; see Fig. S5 at http://www.mediterranee-infection.com/article.php?laref=373&titer=faustovirus). Nevertheless, this evolutionary relationship was supported only by analysis of a relatively small number of shared genes, constituting only ≈12% of the faustovirus gene complement. In addition, several features were found to differ significantly ...
... Designation: 17D [V-525-001-522] Application: Widely used for immunization of man against yellow fever. Widely used for immunization of man against yellow fever.
The current yellow fever outbreak in Brazil prompted widespread yellow fever virus (YFV) vaccination campaigns, imposing a responsibility to distinguish between vaccine- and wild-type YFV-associated disease. We developed novel multiplex real-time reverse transcription PCRs that differentiate between vaccine and American wild-type YFV. We validated these highly specific and sensitive assays in an outbreak setting.
Free Online Library: Enzootic transmission of yellow fever virus, Venezuela.(DISPATCHES) by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general Cladistic analysis Analysis Phylogeny Yellow fever
Miller, B.R.; Mitchell, C.J., 1986: Passage of yellow fever virus: its effect on infection and transmission rates in Aedes aegypti
Cash Money/Young Money owned/operated by Birdman in partnership with Lil Wayne has a little problem… Birdman has said to have blown through over $70M of the cash advance provided by Universal Music Group, and Lil Wayne has been left in the dark.. Lil Wayne has filed legal documents to follow the paper trail on how in the hell over $70M has been spent by Birdman.. Birdman claims that the money has been spent on advance on royalties, marketing and recording expenses. But Lil Wayne is calling bull shit, saying that there is no way in hell that is true, and has requested documentation on the bills paid. Lil Wayne has requested this info several times, and was only provided with 22k forms that had nothing to do with money spent. Well now his attorneys are requesting "proof" on where the money has been going.. Sources close to the hip hop community are telling ShowbizSpy that Birdman has spent millions and millions on frivolous items, and not the actual record label. Quoted directly from source ...
1. This is a baseball clinic, yes, in that its a one time event and its about baseball. However, what it really is is a two-hour daydream, in which kids get to pretend they are Warthogs themselves. The tools that assist in this amazing fantasy are the presence of "other" Warthogs, the actual Warthog practice equipment, and the location. Now, let me tell you what breaks the magic spell: having your dad scream criticism at you from the stands. So sit down and hush. You can coach later on in your backyard ...
Torrent for Lil Lody - Da Street Bible 01 Lil Lody - Intro [Prod. By Kb Beatz & Lil Lody] 02 Lil Lody - Never Goin Back [Prod. By Jimmy Newtr
AUSTRIA - Some newly born piglets shiver even when they are kept warm. So-called "shaking piglets" have symptoms that resemble those of the classical swine fever, with extensive damage to the brain and the spinal cord.
Environmental epidemiology Basics and proof of cause / effect Douglas L. Note: Some of the graphic organizers may be filled out and then printed. Use the classic fishbone diagram when causes group naturally under the categories of Materials, Methods, Equipment, Environment, and People. A survey was carried out amongst 150 respondents drawn from within the metropolis and the results indicates that the major causes of rural urban. Reasoning Questions: Cause and Effects (High level) Set 4 Cause and Effects (High level) Set 3. Topic sentence 2. Another cause of global warming is greenhouse gases. Estimating the effect of community college price on enrollment has been difficult for at least three reasons. A pig farmer gets swine fever in her stock. Cause and Effect Graphic Organizer 1 Compare/Contrast Graphic Organizer 2 Concept Definition Map Graphic Organizer 3 Drawing Conclusions Graphic Organizer 4 Identifying Authors Purpose Graphic Organizer 5 Main Idea and Supporting ...
Those e-mails, a source involved in the investigation said, are between "what she described as units and what we would call cells." [Messages indicated] the possibility of "an attack" on Plum Island Disease Center, a secure US government facility off the tip of Long Island, New York where research into foot and mouth disease, swine fever and other animal pathogens is conducted by the Department of Agriculture and security is provided by the Department of Homeland Security ...
Your travel agent should inform you if you need a certificate when you are booking your holiday or flight. You can double check if in doubt with your...
ރީނދޫ ހުން (އިނގިރޭސި ބަހުން: Yellow Fever)އަކީ ފްލެވިވިރިޑޭ(އިނގިރޭސި ބަހުން: Flaviridae) ގުރޫޕް ގައި ހިމެނޭ ފްލެވިވައިރަސް(އިނގިރޭސި ބަހުން: Flavivirus) އެއްކަމުގައިވާ ރީނދޫ ހުން ޖައްސާ ވައިރަސް(އިނގިރޭސި ބަހުން: Yellow Fever Virus) ގެ ސަބަބުން ޖެހޭ ބައްޔެކެވެ. ހަށިގަނޑުގެ ބައިތަކުން ލޭފޭއްދުން ކުރިމަތިކުރުވާ ބަލިތަކުގެ ތެރޭގައި ރީނދޫ ހުން ހިމެނެއެވެ. ރީނދޫ ހުން މިނަން ނިސްބަތްކުރެވެނީ ރީނދޫ ހުން ޖެހުމާއި ގުޅިގެން ކުރިމަތިވާ ރީނދޫވުން އަށެވެ. ރީނދޫ ހުން ޖައްސާ ވައިރަސް އަކީ އާރްއެންއޭ ވައިރަސް އެކެވެ. ރީނދޫ ފެތުރެނީ މަދިރީގެ ސަބަބުންނެވެ. ރީނދޫ ހުން ޖެހުމުން ...
Although an effective vaccine for YFV does exist, YFV-17D (a live-attenuated strain of the virus), not much is known about the viral and host factors that contribute towards this vaccines attenuating effect.. Study lead, Alexander Ploss from Princeton University (NJ, USA), explained why investigating these factors is important: "An improved understanding of the complex mechanisms regulating YFV-17D attenuation will provide insights into key viral-host interactions that regulate host immune responses and infection outcomes, [and]open novel avenues for the development of innovative vaccine strategies.". In this study, researchers at Princeton University investigated the effects of infection with YFV-17D in type III receptor-deficient mice.. Researchers discovered that mice deficient in type III IFN alone were able to survive the infection, as they were able to control viral replication, which helped towards its rapid clearance from the body. ...
Some HFVs are considered to be a significant threat for use as biological weapons due to their potential for causing widespread illness and death.
05 Fuck Em is a mixtape by American rapper Lil B. It was independently released on December 24, 2013, through Lil Bs own record label, BasedWorld Records. Intended to be spread across six discs, the mixtape is one of the longest mixtape releases by Lil B after the 676-track Free Music: The Complete MySpace Collection (2011) and 855 Song Based Freestyle Mixtape (2012), verging on nearly six hours with 101 tracks. The mixtape adopts eclectic production styles and further explores the music genres that Lil B experimented with in his career, including cloud rap, hyphy, trap and rap rock. The mixtape also features use of various samples. At least four tracks use samples from The Diplomats album, Diplomatic Immunity and the track "Lil B" uses the beat from LL Cool Js 1999 FUBU commercial song "Fatty Girl." The track, "Im the Rap God", features Lil B rapping over the instrumental version of System of a Downs 2001 song, "Toxicity", which was described as "a drunken-style karaoke freestyle" and "your ...
At the risk of becoming our dream sub-blog All Based News All The Time, heres Lil Bs latest mixtape, released through XXL in honor of his place among their 2011 Freshman class. "Illusions of Grandeur" was a Red Flame: Devil Music standout, and its pitched-down, blown-out remix here is mind boggling. Ostensibly one of his more "hip hop" sounding mixtapes, with production help from 9th Wonder, were secretly most excited about the Toto "Africa" beat, and most openly disappointed that "Baby, Baby" is not a Bieber sample. Download: Lil Bs Illusions of Grandeur Mixtape (via XXL). Tracklist ...
Lil Wayne Speaks On His Seizures For the first time since his widely publicized near-death hospitalization a few weeks ago, YMCMB bossman Lil Wayne has spoken out about his health and what caused he seizures. DJ Felli Fel of Power 106 Radio in L.A.
Dont Die lyrics by Lil Wayne: Yeah... Yeah / Check me out man.. Yeah / [Lil Wayne] / Original gangsta, black clothes and bangers / Bullet
Lil Wayne - The Flower Song Lyrics. [Lil Wayne] Tha Bizness, tha bizness, tha bizness tha bizness, tha bizness and Imma give shawty the bizness Tha Bizness, tha bizness yeah Im
Screening for a gene deletion mutant whose temperature sensitivity is suppressed by FK506 in budding yeast and its application for a positive screening for drugs inhibiting calcineurin, BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 79巻, 5号, pp.790-pp.794, MAY 4 ...
By silencing genes one by one, scientists have identified dozens of proteins that help the dengue fever virus to grow and spread among mosquitoes and humans. The research paves the way to potentially prevent or treat the disease, which
Lil Wayne is lying through his diamond-encrusted teeth ... claiming he didnt INTENTIONALLY step on the American flag during a video shoot ... despite the…
Lil Wayne ingested an extraordinary amount of lean in the hours leading up to his multiple midair seizures ... according to witnesses close to the rapper.
Lil Wayne has been moved out of hospital care and is improving. The Young Money CEO suffered a number of seizures and was rushed to Cedars-Sinai hospital i
Video in this thread Rich Hil Son Of Multi Billionaire Fashion Designer Tommy Hifiger Used To Live For Drugs Lil Wayne... The Hip-Hop Spot
See an archive of all lil mama stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, Vulture, and Grub Street.
Lil Scrappy believes hes addicted to weed...and after failing a court-ordered drug test, the rapper will enter a rehab facility for treatment. Here is
Lyrics to Celebrate by Lil Wayne: Young Mula / Happy Music / Happy People / Happy People / Everythings alright / Everything is alright
Looking for the definition of YFV-17D? Find out what is the full meaning of YFV-17D on Abbreviations.com! Yellow Fever Virus Vaccine is one option -- get in to view more @ The Webs largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource.
Sightings of a cheetah and her cubs at Vumbura Plains were splendid indeed and they were observed on several occasions on impala and warthog kills.
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Swine Dining was recently named "Best Barbecue in Nebraska" by Thrillist and loyal customers swear it is! Specializing in BBQ ribs, brisket, and pork…youll be in hog heaven at Swine Dining. Besides making the Thrillist list, theyve also won many awards for their delicious BBQ.. Swine dining is no frills, simple, delicious BBQ. They also offer catering for special events.. ...
No queue thank god! After weighing, urine test they check position of lil ninja.. To my suprise lil ninja head was not in its right place or they usually call it breech my heart almost stop when I heard that mashaAllah... But the nurse said its still early & not to worry... Then I had to wait for the doc to call me for scanning... I cant see lil ninjas face, & yes it is confirm breech :( may Allah protect my baby ...
After done with the 1st attempt...suddenly it pop in my head to do something for fAthers day. Unfortunately, I seriously dont know how to draw. (yup, even the simple gal and boy symbol above i had trouble drawing...) At first I thought of doing something "pApa is my hero" but I couldnt figure out any symbol to go along with it ( i mean symbol that I know how to draw). Thus I came out with a different phrase " PAPAS LIL PRINCE" and "PAPAS LIL PRINCESS ...
i aint sayin you wrong for doin it how you do it fellas but, it something different [when put a lil extra in it man im tellin you you get a lil more power] sing it ladies. listen ...

African swine fever | ari.info | ari.infoAfrican swine fever | ari.info | ari.info

The virus belongs to the Asfarviridae family - also known as the African swine fever-like viruses - genus Asfivirus. It is a ... The virus is found in all body fluids and tissues and persistently infects its natural hosts, warthogs, bushpigs, and the soft ... African swine fever. African swine fever. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs that ... it does not replicate readily in any species other than swine. Fortunately, African swine fever is not a human health threat. ...
more infohttp://www.animalresearch.info/en/medical-advances/veterinary-medicine/african-swine-fever/

Inducible Gene Expression from African Swine Fever Virus Recombinants: Analysis of the Major Capsid Protein p72 | Journal of...Inducible Gene Expression from African Swine Fever Virus Recombinants: Analysis of the Major Capsid Protein p72 | Journal of...

African swine fever virus (ASFV), the only known member of the genus "African swine fever-like viruses" (25), is the causative ... Besides its ability to infect different species of suids, ASFV infects soft ticks of the Ornithodoros genus (56,58), which act ... 1987) Molecular biology of African swine fever virus. in African swine fever. ed Becker Y. (Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston ... 1995) African swine fever-like viruses. Virus taxonomy: classification and nomenclature of viruses. Arch. Virol. 10(Suppl.):92- ...
more infohttps://jvi.asm.org/content/72/4/3185?ijkey=263a5c2069a7640bb9103e39c79f9d325bb0898a&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

African swine fever virus - WikipediaAfrican swine fever virus - Wikipedia

The virus is thought to be derived from a virus of soft tick (genus Ornithodoros) that infects wild swine, including giant ... 2008). "African Swine Fever Virus". Animal Viruses: Molecular Biology. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-22-6. Dixon, L ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the causative agent of African swine fever (ASF). The virus causes a haemorrhagic fever ... In July, 3 farms discovered African swine fever in Estonia. [...] African swine fever spreads to farmed pigs, 500 animals to be ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_swine_fever_virus

Keeping up with virus taxonomy: biopesticides, African swine fever and plant diseases | Microbiology SocietyKeeping up with virus taxonomy: biopesticides, African swine fever and plant diseases | Microbiology Society

Viruses in this family are spread by insects. The insect vectors vary depending on the virus genus; for example, viruses in ... African swine fever virus,/em,. African swine fever virus (ASFV) infects the white blood cells of domestic and wild pigs. ASFV ... African swine fever virus shares around 30 genes with the unclassified viruses faustovirus Pacmanvirus and kaumoebavirus. These ... www.farminguk.com/News/Belgium-spends-1m-on-cull-to-stamp-out-swine-fever_50530.html,recent reports of the virus in wild boar ...
more infohttps://microbiologysociety.org/blog/keeping-up-with-virus-taxonomy-biopesticides-african-swine-fever-and-plant-diseases.html

Viruses | The Pirbright InstituteViruses | The Pirbright Institute

African swine fever virus (ASFV) causes an economically important disease of pigs. It is a large complex DNA virus and is the ... infects mainly chickens but can also infect pheasants, partridges and quail. It belongs to the Alpharetrovirus genus of the ... African horse sickness virus (AHSV) infects all equine species and is often fatal in horses and mules. It is from the family ... Avian influenza (AI) viruses, commonly known as bird flu, infect a wide range of hosts, including humans and swine. The natural ...
more infohttp://www.pirbright.ac.uk/viruses-page/a

Wild boars as sources for infectious diseases in livestock and humans | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B:...Wild boars as sources for infectious diseases in livestock and humans | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B:...

African swine fever virus (ASFV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV ... CSFV, a small single-strand positive-sense RNA virus, belongs to the genus pestivirus in the family Flaviviridae. CSFV infects ... swine influenza virus and Japanese encephalitis virus (table 1). Wild boars infected by these zoonotic viruses have the ... 2006 African swine fever. In Diseases of swine (eds Straw B. E., Zimmerman J. J., DAllaire S., Taylor D. J.), pp. 291-298, 9th ...
more infohttp://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/364/1530/2697

From Severe Herpes Zoster to Rare Suid Herpesvirus Encephalitis: A New Twist of the Varicellovirus Genus Infection in Patients...From Severe Herpes Zoster to Rare Suid Herpesvirus Encephalitis: A New Twist of the Varicellovirus Genus Infection in Patients...

Architecture of African swine fever virus and implications for viral assembly. Science. In press. doi: 10.1126/science.aaz1439 ... Int J Infect Dis. 2019;87:92-99 31. Bradshaw MJ, Venkatesan A. Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Encephalitis in Adults: Pathophysiology, ... Facing the evolution of these rare infections, we hence chose to review the clinical pathogenicity of these two viruses which ... Aujeszkys disease (pseudorabies) virus: the virus and molecular pathogenesis-state of the art, June 1999. Vet Res. 2000;31:99- ...
more infohttps://www.medsci.org/v17p0745.htm

Asfarviridae - WikipediaAsfarviridae - Wikipedia

The viruses in the Asfivirus genus infects swine, resulting in an onset of African swine fever. The name of this family and ... Group: dsDNA Order: Unassigned Family: Asfarviridae Genus: Asfivirus African swine fever virus The virons consist of an ... African swine fever and related viruses. Only a single species has been described to date for this genus. This group of viruses ... There are two genera in this family. These are the Asfarivirus and the Faustovirus. The Asfaravirus infect insects and swine ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asfarviridae

Swine Fever - African swine fever (ASF) and Classical swine fever (CSF)Swine Fever - African swine fever (ASF) and Classical swine fever (CSF)

They appear clinically similar, but are caused by completeely unrelated viruses. ... is caused by a virus from the pestivirus genus of the family Flaviviridae, and is closely related to the virus that causes ... Both ASF and CSF affect pigs only, and do not infect humans and other livestock. ... What are African swine fever and classical swine fever?. African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF) are highly ...
more infohttps://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/biosecurity-tasmania/animal-biosecurity/animal-health/pigs/swine-fever

Molecular Characterization of African Swine Fever Virus, China, 2018 - Volume 24, Number 11-November 2018 - Emerging Infectious...Molecular Characterization of African Swine Fever Virus, China, 2018 - Volume 24, Number 11-November 2018 - Emerging Infectious...

We subjected a virus from an African swine fever-positive pig sample to phylogenetic analysis. This analysis showed that the ... an outbreak of African swine fever in pigs was reported in China. ... Genetic variation among African swine fever genotype II viruses, eastern and central Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:1544-7. ... Its causative agent is African swine fever virus (ASFV; family Asfarviridae, genus Asfivirus), a large, enveloped, double- ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/11/18-1274_article

Hepatitis C VirusHepatitis C Virus

... on WN Network delivers the latest Videos and Editable pages for News & Events, including Entertainment, Music ... There is also at least one virus in this genus that infects horses. Several additional viruses in the genus have been described ... 18 (Xinhua) -- Chinese scientists have unraveled the three-dimensional structure of the African swine fever virus, laying a ... There is also at least one virus in this genus that infects horses. Several additional viruses in the genus have been described ...
more infohttps://wn.com/Hepatitis_C_Virus

Tick-Borne VirusesTick-Borne Viruses

The family Asfarviridae has one genus, the genus Asfivirus, and comprises only single species, African swine fever virus (ASFV ... It is the only known DNA arbovirus transmitted by ticks, and could infect and cause disease in swine. The African swine fever ... Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Dera Ghazi Khan virus, Hughes virus, Nairobi sheep disease, Qalyub virus, Sakhalin virus ... Epidemiology of African swine fever virus. Virus Res, 173: 191-197. *DOI ...
more infohttp://www.virosin.org/html/33/01/10.1007s12250-018-0019-0.htm

Whole-proteome phylogeny of large dsDNA viruses and parvoviruses through a composition vector method related to dynamical...Whole-proteome phylogeny of large dsDNA viruses and parvoviruses through a composition vector method related to dynamical...

In this paper, the DL method is used to analyze the whole-proteome phylogeny of 124 large dsDNA viruses and 30 parvoviruses, ... The trees from our analyses are in good agreement to the latest classification of large dsDNA viruses and parvoviruses by the ... some alignment-free methods such as the CV Tree method can be used for recovering the phylogeny of large dsDNA viruses, but ... The present method provides a new way for recovering the phylogeny of large dsDNA viruses and parvoviruses, and also some ...
more infohttps://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2148-10-192

Sequence Analysis of Marine Virus Communities Reveals that Groups of Related Algal Viruses Are Widely Distributed in Nature |...Sequence Analysis of Marine Virus Communities Reveals that Groups of Related Algal Viruses Are Widely Distributed in Nature |...

African swine fever virus, X73330. ... were most closely related to viruses in the genus Prasinovirus ... The results of early investigations demonstrated that viruses that infect and lyse marine primary producers are abundant, ... viruses belonging to several families) (6). Recently, known algal viruses were assigned the virus family name Phycodnaviridae. ... formed a separate branch between prasinoviruses and viruses of the genus Prymnesiovirus (abbreviated CbV). Finally, viruses ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/68/3/1290

CIENCIASMEDICASNEWS: noviembre 2010CIENCIASMEDICASNEWS: noviembre 2010

Emergence of African swine fever virus, northwestern Iran. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2010 Dec [date cited]. ... ASF virus (ASFV) (International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses database no. 00.002.0.01.001), an enveloped double-stranded ... Maintenance and transmission of ASFV involves cycling of virus between soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros and wild pigs ( ... Virus identification was subsequently confirmed by laboratory investigations.. full-text:. African Swine Fever Virus, ...
more infohttps://elbiruniblogspotcom.blogspot.com/2010/11/

An Overview of the Immune Evasion Strategies Adopted by Different Viruses with Special Reference to Classical Swine Fever Virus...An Overview of the Immune Evasion Strategies Adopted by Different Viruses with Special Reference to Classical Swine Fever Virus...

An Overview of the Immune Evasion Strategies Adopted by Different Viruses with Special Reference to Classical Swine Fever Virus ... Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a member of the family Flaviviridae, genus Pestivirus [57]. The species consist of small ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) replicates in macrophages and encodes an IkB homolog that blocks cytokine expression mediated ... viruses that infect immune cells might use these homologs to induce signalling pathways in the infected cell that promote virus ...
more infohttps://www.intechopen.com/books/viral-replication/an-overview-of-the-immune-evasion-strategies-adopted-by-different-viruses-with-special-reference-to-/

Virus-Taxonomie - WikipediaVirus-Taxonomie - Wikipedia

Genus Pegivirus. *Genus Pestivirus, mit Species Pestivirus C - syn. Klassisches Schweinepest-Virus - en. Classical swine fever ... Santeuil and Le Blanc viruses primarily infect intestinal cells in Caenorhabditis nematodes, in: Virology, Volume 448, 5. ... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus. ... Genus ‚Negevirus, mit Species ‚Blackford virus, ‚Bofa virus, ‚Buckhurst virus, ‚Marsac virus, sowie ‚Muthill virus[53] ...
more infohttps://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus-Taxonomie

Lab OverviewLab Overview

Research at the Infectious Diseases Laboratory has aimed at deepening the knowledge on different aspects of African swine fever ... Viruses 7: 4978-4996. Coelho, J., Martins, C., Ferreira, F., Leitão, A. 2015. African swine fever virus ORF P1192R codes for a ... J. Infect. Public Health, 18, 187-197. Caetano, M.C., Afonso, F., Ribeiro, R., Fonseca, A.P., Abernethy, D.A., Boinas, F. 2014 ... The African swine fever (ASF) unit, developed research regarding different aspects of African swine fever virus (ASFV) ...
more infohttp://ciisa.fmv.ulisboa.pt/en/research-labs/infectious-diseases/overview

Exotic viral diseases | Iowa State UniversityExotic viral diseases | Iowa State University

African swine fever (ASF) occurs naturally in wild, feral and domestic swine (Suidae). At present, ASF does not occur in the ... In secondary sites, the virus replicates, then a marked viremia develops and the virus infects epithelium at many other sites. ... The virus is transmitted mainly by mosquitoes of three genera (Aedes, Culex, and Anopheles) and can be transmitted vertically ... Formalin destroys infectivity of the virus.. Antisera against seven paramyxoviruses and six parainfluenza viruses do not affect ...
more infohttps://vetmed.iastate.edu/vdpam/FSVD/swine/index-diseases/exotic-viral-diseases

African Swine Fever | sciensano.beAfrican Swine Fever | sciensano.be

... soft ticks of the Ornithodoros spp genus infected with the virus, but these ticks havent yet been reported in Belgium. African ... It is very difficult to eradicate the virus in the infected areas, because it also infects wild animals (wild boars). Care ... a member of the Asfarviridae family of viruses. The virus affects domesticated pigs and wild boars. Clinical symptoms The ... Transmission of African Swine Fever in animals The African Swine Fever virus is very resistant and is transmitted by: direct ...
more infohttps://www.sciensano.be/en/health-topics/african-swine-fever

African swine fever | ari.info | ari.infoAfrican swine fever | ari.info | ari.info

The virus belongs to the Asfarviridae family - also known as the African swine fever-like viruses - genus Asfivirus. It is a ... The virus is found in all body fluids and tissues and persistently infects its natural hosts, warthogs, bushpigs, and the soft ... African swine fever. African swine fever. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs that ... it does not replicate readily in any species other than swine. Fortunately, African swine fever is not a human health threat. ...
more infohttp://www.animalresearch.info/es/avances-medicos/medicina-veterinaria/african-swine-fever/

Induction of Apoptosis by Paramyxovirus Simian Virus 5 Lacking a Small Hydrophobic Gene | Journal of VirologyInduction of Apoptosis by Paramyxovirus Simian Virus 5 Lacking a Small Hydrophobic Gene | Journal of Virology

African swine fever virus infection of porcine aortic endothelial cells leads to inhibition of inflammatory responses, ... Simian virus 5 (SV5) is a member of the Rubulavirus genus of the family Paramyxoviridae, which includes emerging viruses such ... Measles virus induces apoptosis in the cells it infects, and apoptosis caused by measles virus infection is thought to ... the mumps virus [14]) and Pneumovirus (RS virus [8]) genera. SH proteins of mumps virus and RS virus are type II integral ...
more infohttps://jvi.asm.org/content/77/6/3371?ijkey=0ba145fa2a170461dd63bc73f259b6b9987e16d9&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Molecular Characterization of African Swine Fever Virus, China, 2018 - Volume 24, Number 11-November 2018 - Emerging Infectious...Molecular Characterization of African Swine Fever Virus, China, 2018 - Volume 24, Number 11-November 2018 - Emerging Infectious...

We subjected a virus from an African swine fever-positive pig sample to phylogenetic analysis. This analysis showed that the ... an outbreak of African swine fever in pigs was reported in China. ... Genetic variation among African swine fever genotype II viruses, eastern and central Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:1544-7. ... Its causative agent is African swine fever virus (ASFV; family Asfarviridae, genus Asfivirus), a large, enveloped, double- ...
more infohttps://wwwnc-origin.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/11/18-1274_article

Humanitarian Resource InstituteHumanitarian Resource Institute

African Hemorrhagic Fever, Green or Vervet Monkey Disease) AGENT:. Agent is classified as a Filovirus. It is an RNA virus, ... Family Paramyxoviridae, Genus Morbillivirus. The same genus contains the viruses of Canine Distemper and Bovine Rinderpest. ... Latent infection in African species that can infect Asian primates and U.S. born African primates. TRANSMISSION:. Need further ... The HAIDS viral ecology coincided with African swine fever (ASF) in the Americas. Haiti became the focal point for both ...
more infohttp://www.humanitarian.net/biodefense/fazdc/zdc1/zoores_viral.html
  • The virus encodes enzymes required for replication and transcription of its genome, including elements of a base excision repair system, structural proteins, and many proteins that are not essential for replication in cells, but instead have roles in virus survival and transmission in its hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • 17 ) used fluorescently labeled viruses to demonstrate that viruses could control the abundance of susceptible hosts. (asm.org)
  • Furthermore, the virus-bacterium population dynamics model analyzed by Thingstad predicts that viruses ensure the coexistence of competing bacteria by infecting only the most abundant hosts or "killing the winner" ( 31 ). (asm.org)
  • Viruses have coevolved with their hosts and thus have limited pathogenicity in any immunocompromised natural host. (intechopen.com)
  • During the period of coexistence with their hosts, viruses have learned how to manipulate host immune control mechanism. (intechopen.com)
  • However, many viruses have developed strategies to counteract apoptosis to prolong infections in their hosts ( 43 ). (asm.org)
  • The genus pestivirus in the Flavivirus family is comprised of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect domestic and wildlife hosts. (frontiersin.org)
  • More than two-thirds of human viruses can also infect non-human hosts, mainly mammals, and sometimes birds. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Don't assume that these diseases will always cause very large numbers of pig deaths - both diseases can occur in a milder form, with lower mortality rates, a longer course of disease and less acute signs such as depression, loss of appetite, fluctuating fever and poor weight gain. (tas.gov.au)
  • Subsequently, it was shown that viruses infecting the marine eukaryotic phytoplankton Micromonas pusilla were widespread, genetically diverse, dynamic, and caused significant mortality in M. pusilla populations ( 8 , 9 ). (asm.org)
  • Rift Valley Fever (RVF) disease is most severe in sheep, cattle, and goats, resulting in high mortality in new born animals and mass abortion upon infecting pregnant animals [ 8 , 9 , 10 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The preliminary genetic results suggest that the ASF virus responsible of the wild boar cases occurring in Belgium belongs to the p72 genotype II , CVR -1, IGR -2 and MGF1 variants. (sciensano.be)
  • While the occurrence of a future influenza pandemic is almost certain, it is impossible to predict the characteristics of the virus and the severity of the symptoms it induces. (frontiersin.org)
  • The African Swine Fever virus is highly resistant to environmental conditions . (sciensano.be)
  • The virus is highly resistant to a wide pH range and to a freeze/thaw cycle and can remain infectious for many months at room temperature or when stored at 4°C. In unprocessed pig meat the virus can remain viable for several weeks, unless it is inactivated by heating to 70°C for 30 min. (animalresearch.info)
  • The virus is highly resistant to adverse environments and persists for many years. (humanitarian.net)
  • In this paper, the DL method is used to analyze the whole-proteome phylogeny of 124 large dsDNA viruses and 30 parvoviruses, two data sets with large difference in genome size. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present method provides a new way for recovering the phylogeny of large dsDNA viruses and parvoviruses, and also some insights on the affiliation of a number of unclassified viruses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In comparison, some alignment-free methods such as the CV Tree method can be used for recovering the phylogeny of large dsDNA viruses, but they are not suitable for resolving the phylogeny of parvoviruses with a much smaller genome size. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present study represents another effort of applying an alignment-free method in analysing complete genome data to elucidate the phylogeny of two virus groups of different genome size, the large dsDNA viruses and parvoviruses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genome sizes of dsDNA viruses are usually larger than 10 kb except those in the families Polyomaviridae (5 kb) and Papillomaviridae (7-8 kb). (biomedcentral.com)
  • implementation of a swine health information system (SIRO) at national level in close collaboration with the National Livestock Directorate (DGVA). (ulisboa.pt)
  • Facing the evolution of these rare infections, we hence chose to review the clinical pathogenicity of these two viruses which were cognate in origin but distinct in virulence. (medsci.org)
  • Pathogenicity caused by Sendai virus was reduced in vivo by treating the animals with neutralizing antibody against TNF-α ( 28 , 50 ). (asm.org)
  • A , B , C, D , and E . Diagnosis is by blood testing to look for either antibodies to the virus or its RNA . (wn.com)
  • Results from this study demonstrate that DGGE with degenerate primers can be used to qualitatively fingerprint and assess genetic diversity in specific subsets of natural virus communities and that closely related viruses occur in distant geographic locations. (asm.org)
  • No treatment and no vaccine exists to protect animals against African Swine Fever. (sciensano.be)
  • A multitude of research efforts focuses on the improvement of established and the discovery of new vaccines such as the HPV (human papilloma virus) vaccine in 2006. (frontiersin.org)
  • Respiratory syncytial (RS) virus inhibits TNF-α-induced apoptosis in human respiratory epithelial cells and mononuclear cells ( 13 , 30 ). (asm.org)
  • Interestingly, RS virus also induces apoptosis in human respiratory epithelial cell A549 ( 4 , 39 ). (asm.org)
  • Viruses are considered as extremely successful predators as they can replicate and control the host cell synthesizing machinery. (intechopen.com)
  • Clinical signs of acute forms of both ASF and CSF include fever, depression, loss of appetite, and red, purple or blue blotching of the ears, nose, and limbs. (tas.gov.au)
  • The hepatitis C virus particle consists of a core of genetic material (RNA), surrounded by an icosahedral protective shell of protein , and further encased in a lipid (fatty) envelope of cellular origin. (wn.com)
  • Genetic fingerprints of algal virus communities were generated using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). (asm.org)
  • The virus encodes proteins that inhibit signalling pathways in infected macrophages and thus modulate transcriptional activation of immune response genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • These findings inspired the development of the degenerate algal-virus-specific PCR primers AVS1 and AVS2, which amplify a 700-bp fragment of algal virus DNA polymerase ( pol ) genes ( 5 ). (asm.org)