Mumps virus: The type species of RUBULAVIRUS that causes an acute infectious disease in humans, affecting mainly children. Transmission occurs by droplet infection.Mumps: An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Mumps Vaccine: Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.Parotitis: INFLAMMATION of the PAROTID GLAND.Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Virus Cultivation: Process of growing viruses in live animals, plants, or cultured cells.Vero Cells: A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.Measles virus: The type species of MORBILLIVIRUS and the cause of the highly infectious human disease MEASLES, which affects mostly children.Meningitis, Aseptic: A syndrome characterized by headache, neck stiffness, low grade fever, and CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis in the absence of an acute bacterial pathogen. Viral meningitis is the most frequent cause although MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; RICKETTSIA INFECTIONS; diagnostic or therapeutic procedures; NEOPLASTIC PROCESSES; septic perimeningeal foci; and other conditions may result in this syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p745)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Rubulavirus: A genus of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE (subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE) where all the species have hemagglutinin and neuraminidase activities but lack a C protein. MUMPS VIRUS is the type species.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Paramyxoviridae: A family of spherical viruses, of the order MONONEGAVIRALES, somewhat larger than the orthomyxoviruses, and containing single-stranded RNA. Subfamilies include PARAMYXOVIRINAE and PNEUMOVIRINAE.HN Protein: Glycoprotein from Sendai, para-influenza, Newcastle Disease, and other viruses that participates in binding the virus to cell-surface receptors. The HN protein possesses both hemagglutinin and neuraminidase activity.Vaccinia virus: The type species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS, related to COWPOX VIRUS, but whose true origin is unknown. It has been used as a live vaccine against SMALLPOX. It is also used as a vector for inserting foreign DNA into animals. Rabbitpox virus is a subspecies of VACCINIA VIRUS.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Cercopithecus aethiops: A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.Parainfluenza Virus 1, Human: A species of RESPIROVIRUS also called hemadsorption virus 2 (HA2), which causes laryngotracheitis in humans, especially children.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Receptors, Virus: Specific molecular components of the cell capable of recognizing and interacting with a virus, and which, after binding it, are capable of generating some signal that initiates the chain of events leading to the biological response.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Virus Diseases: A general term for diseases produced by viruses.Virus Shedding: The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Antigens, Viral: Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Neutralization Tests: The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).Simian virus 40: A species of POLYOMAVIRUS originally isolated from Rhesus monkey kidney tissue. It produces malignancy in human and newborn hamster kidney cell cultures.Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Virus Assembly: The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.DNA Viruses: Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.Respirovirus: A genus of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE (subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE) where all the virions have both HEMAGGLUTININ and NEURAMINIDASE activities and encode a non-structural C protein. SENDAI VIRUS is the type species.Defective Viruses: Viruses which lack a complete genome so that they cannot completely replicate or cannot form a protein coat. Some are host-dependent defectives, meaning they can replicate only in cell systems which provide the particular genetic function which they lack. Others, called SATELLITE VIRUSES, are able to replicate only when their genetic defect is complemented by a helper virus.Genes, Viral: The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.Viral Fusion Proteins: Proteins, usually glycoproteins, found in the viral envelopes of a variety of viruses. They promote cell membrane fusion and thereby may function in the uptake of the virus by cells.Sindbis Virus: The type species of ALPHAVIRUS normally transmitted to birds by CULEX mosquitoes in Egypt, South Africa, India, Malaya, the Philippines, and Australia. It may be associated with fever in humans. Serotypes (differing by less than 17% in nucleotide sequence) include Babanki, Kyzylagach, and Ockelbo viruses.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Meningitis, Viral: Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)Rubella Syndrome, Congenital: Transplacental infection of the fetus with rubella usually in the first trimester of pregnancy, as a consequence of maternal infection, resulting in various developmental abnormalities in the newborn infant. They include cardiac and ocular lesions, deafness, microcephaly, mental retardation, and generalized growth retardation. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Rubella: An acute infectious disease caused by the RUBELLA VIRUS. The virus enters the respiratory tract via airborne droplet and spreads to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.Rubella Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of duck embryo or human diploid cell tissue culture origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of nonpregnant adolescent and adult females of childbearing age who are unimmunized and do not have serum antibodies to rubella. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (Dorland, 28th ed)Rubella virus: The type (and only) species of RUBIVIRUS causing acute infection in humans, primarily children and young adults. Humans are the only natural host. A live, attenuated vaccine is available for prophylaxis.Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)EncyclopediasDictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Carbonated Beverages: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Chills: The sudden sensation of being cold. It may be accompanied by SHIVERING.
Tailam virus may also belong in this genus. The genus Jeilongvirus has been proposed for these three viruses. The relations ... These include mumps, measles, which caused around 733,000 deaths in 2000, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is the ... Bank vole virus, Mossman virus and Nariva virus are three paramyxovirus that probably belong in a new genus. Viral replication ... J virus is very similar to Beilong virus and probably belongs in the same genus. Both have features that differ from the other ...
... es are among the leading causes of aseptic meningitis (the other usual suspects being echovirus and mumps virus ... positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, Picornaviridae and the genus Enterovirus, which also includes poliovirus and ... In carrying out these experiments, he discovered viruses that often mimicked mild or nonparalytic polio. The virus family he ... Coxsackie A virus causes paralysis and death of the mice, with extensive skeletal muscle necrosis; Coxsackie B causes less ...
The mumps virus is an enveloped single-stranded, linear negative-sense RNA virus of the Rubulavirus genus and Paramyxovirus ... Mumps is a viral disease caused by the mumps virus. Initial signs and symptoms often include fever, muscle pain, headache, and ... Before the introduction of the mumps vaccine, the mumps virus was the leading cause of viral meningoencephalitis in the United ... since its introduction there has been a steady decrease in the incidence of mumps and mumps virus infection. There were 151,209 ...
... belongs to the genus Rubulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae and produces roughly spherical, enveloped virions of ... Mumps virus is the causative agent of mumps, a well-known common childhood disease characterised by swelling of the parotid ... The mumps virus can infect ependymal cells in the central nervous system. Several strains are used to vaccinate against mumps. ... The mumps virus genome is a linear, single-stranded molecule of negative-sense RNA and 15,384 nucleotides in length. Electron ...
... includes Rabies virus Family Sunviridae Genus Anphevirus Genus Arlivirus Genus Chengtivirus Genus Crustavirus Genus Wastrivirus ... includes Measles virus, Mumps virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and NDV Family Pneumoviridae - includes RSV and Metapneumovirus ... includes Influenza viruses Unassigned genera: Genus Deltavirus - includes Hepatitis D virus Unassigned species: Taastrup virus ... A few viruses known to infect humans include Marburg virus, Ebola, measles, mumps, rabies, and influenza. Lassa virus ( ...
Some notable pathogenic viruses cause smallpox, influenza, mumps, measles, chickenpox, ebola, and rubella. Viruses typically ... One of the best known diseases caused by protists in the genus Plasmodium is malaria. These can range from 3-200 micrometers in ... Spanish influenza virus Entamoeba histolica virus amoeba or amoebiasis Cancer bacteria Emerging Pathogens Institute Oncovirus ... A human pathogen is a pathogen (microbe or microorganism such as a virus, bacterium, prion, or fungus) that causes disease in ...
... along with influenza virus, measles, mumps and rabies. Group VI: viruses possess single-stranded RNA viruses that replicate ... nomenclature Biological classification International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses List of genera of viruses List of virus ... and foot-and-mouth virus), SARS virus, hepatitis C virus, yellow fever virus, and rubella virus. Group V: viruses possess ... Viruses that cause chickenpox and herpes are found here. Group II: viruses possess single-stranded DNA. Group III: viruses ...
Diseases associated with this genus include: mumps. Table legend: "*" denotes type species. Viruses of this genus appear to be ... Rubulavirus is a genus of viruses in the family Paramyxoviridae, order Mononegavirales. Humans, apes, pigs, and dogs serve as ... Children have the highest risk of catching mumps, in fact it is rare for an adult to contract mumps. The incubation period for ... The Disease Rubulavirus causes a disease called mumps. Swollen and painful salivary glands are often a symptom of mumps, but ...
Unassigned genera Genus Blunervirus Genus Cilevirus Genus Higrevirus Genus Idaeovirus Genus Negevirus Genus Ourmiavirus Genus ... includes Measles virus, Mumps virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and Newcastle disease virus Family Pneumoviridae - includes ... virus Extra small virus Jingmen tick virus Le Blanc virus Nesidiocoris tenuis virus 1 Nylanderia fulva virus 1 Orsay virus ... includes Rabies virus Family Sunviridae Genus Anphevirus Genus Arlivirus Genus Chengtivirus Genus Crustavirus Genus Wastrivirus ...
Hepatis B Virus (HBV) was identified as an infection distinct from Hepatitis A through its contamination of measles, mumps, and ... There are currently seven species in this family, divided among 2 genera. Its best-known member is the Hepatitis B virus. ... A new virus has been described in fish - White sucker hepatitis B virus. This is the first hepadnavirus described from fish ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015.. *^ Hahn CM, Iwanowicz LR, Cornman RS, Conway CM, Winton JR, Blazer VS ( ...
... mumps, measles, chickenpox, ebola, and rubella. Pathogenic viruses are diseases mainly of the families of: Adenoviridae, ... genus), the world leader in causing sexually transmitted infection (STI). Some of the diseases that are caused by viral ... Examples of viruses that undergo this process are herpes simplex virus, human immunodeficiency virus, and vaccinia virus. The ... Viruses may also undergo sexual interaction when two or more viral genomes enter the same host cell. This process involves ...
... human respiratory syncytial virus, measles virus, mumps virus, Nipah virus, and rabies virus. All of these viruses cause ... Novel taxa (genera and/or species) had to be proposed, some of which have by now been accepted by the ICTV, and others that are ... Virus Taxonomy-Seventh Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, San Diego, USA: Academic Press, pp. 525- ... Virus Taxonomy-Eighth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, San Diego, USA: Elsevier/Academic Press, pp ...
Genus Orthorubulavirus, (ehem. Rubulavirus), mit Species Mumpsvirus. *Genus Pararubulavirus. *Familie Pneumoviridae. *Genus ... Genus ‚Negevirus', mit Species ‚Blackford virus', ‚Bofa virus', ‚Buckhurst virus', ‚Marsac virus', sowie ‚Muthill virus' ... Usutu-Virus - en. Usutu virus (USUV), Zika-Virus - en. Zika virus (ZIKV), sowie Gelbfieber-Virus - en. Yellow fever virus (YFV) ... Genus Flavivirus, mit Species West-Nil-Virus - en. West nile virus (WNV), Gadgets-Gully-Virus - en. Gadgets Gully virus (GGYV ...
The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses officially recognises 28 genera of bacteriophages that belong to 11 families ... mumps and rubella. Vaccines are available to prevent over fourteen viral infections of humans and more are used to prevent ... When a virus infects a cell, the virus forces it to make thousands more viruses. It does this by making the cell copy the ... There are many ways in which viruses spread from host to host but each species of virus uses only one or two. Many viruses that ...
Genus: Rubulavirus Human parainfluenza virus 2 Human parainfluenza virus 4 Mapuera virus Mumps virus Parainfluenza virus 5 ... virus Shuni virus Simbu virus Tacaiuma virus Tete virus Thimiri virus Timboteua virus Turlock virus Wyeomyia virus Zegla virus ... Genus: Tupavirus Durham virus Tupaia virus Genus: Unassigned Flanders virus Moussa virus Ngaingan virus Wongabel virus Genus: ... virus Uganda S virus Usutu virus Wesselsbron virus West Nile virus Yaounde virus Yellow fever virus Yokose virus Zika virus ...
This system bases classification on phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Viruses were grouped according to their ... mumps and rubella. Smallpox infections have been eradicated. Vaccines are available to prevent over thirteen viral infections ... A virus has either a DNA or an RNA genome and is called a DNA virus or an RNA virus, respectively. The vast majority of viruses ... Other viruses, such as rabies virus, can infect different species of mammals and are said to have a broad range. The viruses ...
Vaccines exist for viruses such as the measles, mumps, and rubella viruses and the influenza virus. Some viruses such as ... Algae are commonly not thought of as pathogens, but the genus Prototheca is known to cause disease in humans. Treatment ... Examples of viruses that undergo this process are herpes simplex virus, human immunodeficiency virus, and vaccinia virus. ... VirusesEdit. Main article: Virus. Viruses are small particles, typically between 20 and 300 nanometers in length, ...
For a list of virus genera, see List of genera of viruses. For a list of virus families and subfamilies, see List of virus ... virus Mule deerpox virus Muleshoe hantavirus Mumps virus Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus Mungbean yellow mosaic virus Munia ... virus A Potato virus H Potato virus M Potato virus P Potato virus S Potato virus T Potato virus U Potato virus V Potato virus X ... virus Garlic virus A Garlic virus B Garlic virus C Garlic virus D Garlic virus E Garlic virus X Gayfeather mild mottle virus ...
It is caused by a virus of the genus Morbillivirus that is related to rinderpest, measles and canine distemper. Medicine portal ... mumps, rubella, lymphatic filariasis and cysticercosis. So far, two diseases have been successfully eradicated-one specifically ... Because the rabies virus is almost always caught from animals, rabies eradication has focused on reducing the population of ... In 2015 the US has had one major outbreak of measles originating from an amusement park in California of a variant of the virus ...
... is caused by the measles virus, a single-stranded, negative-sense, enveloped RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus ... "Virus-specific secretory IgA antibodies as a means of rapid diagnosis of measles and mumps infection". Israel Journal of ... Humans are the only natural hosts of the virus, and no other animal reservoirs are known to exist. This highly contagious virus ... Furuse, Yuki; Akira Suzuki; Hitoshi Oshitani (2010-03-04). "Origin of measles virus: divergence from rinderpest virus between ...
Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Togaviridae Genus: Alphavirus Aura virus Barmah Forest virus Bebaru virus Cabassou ... 1972-The rubella vaccine is combined with the measles and mumps vaccines to form the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine. ... virus Mosso das Pedras virus Mucambo virus Ndumu virus O'nyong-nyong virus Pixuna virus Rio Negro virus Ross River virus Salmon ... encephalitis virus Eilat virus Everglades virus Fort Morgan virus Getah virus Highlands J virus Madariaga virus Mayaro virus ...
Genus: Polyomavirus. Species: JC polyomavirus. The JC virus or John Cunningham virus is a type of human polyomavirus (formerly ... DNA virus. HBV (B). RNA virus. CBV. HAV (A). HCV (C). HDV (D). HEV (E). HGV (G). ... DNA virus. JCV Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. RNA virus. MeV Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. LCV Lymphocytic ... DNA virus. HBV Hepatocellular carcinoma. HPV Cervical cancer. Anal cancer. Penile cancer. Vulvar cancer. Vaginal cancer. ...
Genus (-virus) Species (-virus). In the current (2013) ICTV taxonomy, 7 orders have been established, the Caudovirales, ... mumps and rubella. Smallpox infections have been eradicated. Vaccines are available to prevent over thirteen viral ... I: dsDNA viruses. II: ssDNA viruses. III: dsRNA viruses. IV: (+)ssRNA viruses. V: (−)ssRNA viruses. VI: ssRNA-RT viruses. VII: ... A virus has either a DNA or an RNA genome and is called a DNA virus or an RNA virus, respectively. The vast majority of viruses ...
Genus (-virus) Subgenus (-virus) Species. As of 2018, 14 orders, 143 families, 64 subfamilies, 846 genera, and 4,958 species of ... mumps and rubella. Smallpox infections have been eradicated. Vaccines are available to prevent over thirteen viral ... A virus has either a DNA or an RNA genome and is called a DNA virus or an RNA virus, respectively. The vast majority of viruses ... Quote: "Virus: virus (s.n. II), gen. sing. viri, nom. pl. vira, gen. pl. vīrorum (to be distinguished from virorum, of men)." ...
western equine encephalitis virus  1933 eastern equine encephalitis virus  1934 mumps virus  ... The virus was later shown to be a previously unrecognised herpes virus, which is now called Epstein-Barr virus. ... The importance of tobacco mosaic virus in the history of viruses cannot be overstated. It was the first virus to be discovered ... Epstein-Barr virus is important in the history of viruses for being the first virus shown to cause cancer in humans. ...
Ebola virus disease → 에볼라 출혈열 (B+). *Hand, foot and mouth disease → 수족구병 (C) ... Cornus (genus) (Dogwood tree) → 층층나무속 (E). 콩목, 2. *Fabales → 콩목 (E). *Fabaceae → 콩과 (D) ... Mumps → 볼거리 (D). *Pertussis (Whooping Cough) → 백일해 (E). *Pneumonia → 폐렴 (D). *Poliomyelitis → 소아마비 (E) ...
Background and Epidemiology of Mumps. Mumps virus is a member of the genus Rubulavirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. Mumps is ... Primary virus mastitis from mumps. Va Med Mon 1946;73:327.. * Prinz W, Taubert HD. Mumps in pubescent females and its effect on ... Mumps. (1) Documentation of age-appropriate vaccination with a live mumps virus-containing vaccine§:. -preschool-aged children ... Jokinen S, Osterlund P, Julkunen I, Davidkin I. Cellular immunity to mumps virus in young adults 21 years after measles-mumps- ...
Mumps is an acute, contagious disease of short duration, usually self-limiting, and characterized by swelling of the parotid ... Paramyxoviridae family; Rubulavirus genus. *Single-stranded RNA virus. *12 genotypes based on sequence of SH gene coding for ... Mumps Virus Mumps is an acute, contagious disease of short duration, usually self-limiting, and characterized by swelling of ... Mumps Virus. ARUP Consult©. Retrieved June 18, 2019, from: https://arupconsult.com/content/mumps-virus ...
Measles, Mumps, Rubella Viruses and Live Attenuated Measles, Mumps, Rubella Viruses. Measles virus is a paramyxovirus, genus ... 86 people given live virus vaccines can shed and transmit vaccine strain live attenuated virus. 87 Like wild-type virus, ... "It is not known whether measles or mumps vaccine virus is secreted in human milk. Recent studies have shown that lactating ... Vaccine Strain Live Viruses Can Infect Others. Just like people with viral infections can shed and transmit wild-type virus, ...
These viruses showed replication kinetics similar to human MuV in cultured cells and were neutralized efficiently by serum from ... We generated recombinant MuVs carrying either or both of the fusion and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase bat virus glycoproteins. ... a new paramyxovirus closely related to human mumps virus (MuV) was detected in bats. ... in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was closely related to the mumps virus (MuV, genus Rubulavirus) (2). ...
Mumps virus belongs to the genus Rubulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae and produces roughly spherical, enveloped virions of ... Mumps virus is the causative agent of mumps, a well-known common childhood disease characterised by swelling of the parotid ... The mumps virus can infect ependymal cells in the central nervous system. Several strains are used to vaccinate against mumps. ... The mumps virus genome is a linear, single-stranded molecule of negative-sense RNA and 15,384 nucleotides in length. Electron ...
... which contains the human parainfluenza viruses and mumps virus, as well as Newcastle disease virus of poultry. The genus ... virus: Annotated classification: The major subfamily is Paramyxovirinae, ... which contains the human parainfluenza viruses and mumps virus, as well as Newcastle disease virus of poultry. The genus ... which is composed of several species of human parainfluenza viruses and the mumps viruses; Avulavirus, which contains the ...
Make research projects and school reports about mumps easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Paramyxovirus- A genus of viruses that includes the causative agent of mumps. ... What Is Mumps?. Mumps is an infection caused by a virus. The mumps virus can infect various parts of the human body but ... How Do People Contract Mumps?. Mumps is highly contagious. People infected with the mumps virus can spread it when they laugh, ...
Mumps is caused by an RNA virus of the genus Rubulavirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. ... Mumps is caused by an RNA virus of the genus Rubulavirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. ... Note: Optimal recovery of mumps virus is achieved if specimens are obtained 3 to 5 days after symptom onset. ... or from contact with any surface that has been contaminated with droplets containing the mumps virus. ...
Tailam virus may also belong in this genus. The genus Jeilongvirus has been proposed for these three viruses. The relations ... These include mumps, measles, which caused around 733,000 deaths in 2000, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is the ... Bank vole virus, Mossman virus and Nariva virus are three paramyxovirus that probably belong in a new genus. Viral replication ... J virus is very similar to Beilong virus and probably belongs in the same genus. Both have features that differ from the other ...
... mumps virus (5B2C) (43); MojV (5NOP) (62); GhV, Ghana virus (4UF7) (61); NiV (2VWD) (94); HeV, Hendra virus (2X9M) (22); MV ( ... Sosuga virus (SosV), from the genus Pararubulavirus, family Paramyxoviridae, is a prominent example as it has been implicated ... human parainfluenza virus 3 (hPIV3) (AAP35240.1), mumps virus (MuV) (BAA76983.1), Newcastle disease virus (NDV) (Q9Q2W5.1), and ... Nipah virus (pink, 2VWD) (94); MV, measles virus (2ZB5) (21); MojV, Mojiang virus (green, 5NOP) (62). Cα trace rendered and ...
An enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA virus of the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Rubulavirus. ... Laboratory confirmation of mumps involves detecting mumps virus by real-time RT-PCR or virus isolation by culture. Laboratory ... For further information on laboratory testing, see www.cdc.gov/mumps/lab/index.html. Mumps is a nationally notifiable disease. ... as documented by 2 doses of a mumps virus-containing vaccine, laboratory evidence of immunity, laboratory confirmation of ...
Mumps is caused by mumps virus, a member of the genus Rubulavirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. It is an RNA virus which is ... Endocardial fibroelastosis in newborns has been associated with maternal mumps during pregnancy, and mumps virus has been ... and mumps virus may be shed for only a few days in such individuals; attempts at detection of the virus should be undertaken in ... The diagnosis of mumps can be confirmed by isolation of the virus from a swab of Stenson duct exudate, throat washing, saliva, ...
Marburg and Ebola virus. Paramyxovirus. Genera:. Paramyxovirus: (Medical and Veterinary). Family:. Mumps virus, New Castle ... Recombianant Hepatitis a virus US5310668A (en) * 1986-06-20. 1994-05-10. Merck & Co., Inc.. Varicella-zoster virus as a live ... C12N2740/16234-Use of virus or viral component as vaccine, e.g. live-attenuated or inactivated virus, VLP, viral protein ... Epstein Barr Virus (EBV), Rous Sarcoma Virus (RSV) as well as promoters from human genes such as human Actin, human Myosin, ...
The Paramyxoviridae include many medically important viruses such as measles, mumps, and parainfluenza viruses and the emerging ... a member of the Respirovirus genus). Our results confirm the pleomorphic nature of these viruses, although we have found some ... Virus growth and purification.Five 9-day-old embryonated chicken eggs were injected with Sendai virus stock at 1,000 PFU/egg in ... Members of the Paramyxoviridae such as measles, mumps, and parainfluenza viruses have pleomorphic, enveloped virions that ...
... type II human parainfluenza virus (36, 61), respiratory syncytial virus (13), Sendai virus (44), and mumps virus (57). The ... Nipah virus, a species of the recently emerged and deadly Henipavirus genus, encodes a V protein that is not conserved outside ... Sendai virus and simian virus 5 block activation of interferon- responsive genes: importance for virus pathogenesis. J. Virol. ... type II human parainfluenza virus V protein targets STAT2 and mumps virus V protein can target both STAT1 (35) and STAT3 (57). ...
Paramyxovirus -A genus of viruses that includes the causative agent of mumps. ... Gutierrez, Kathleen A. Mumps Virus. In Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases , 2nd ed. Edited by Sarah S. ... Although not as contagious as measles or chickenpox , mumps was once quite common. Prior to the release of a mumps vaccine in ... The mumps infection can spread into the brain causing inflammation of the brain ( encephalitis ). Symptoms of mumps ...
The creation of the genus Nyavirus was suggested in 2009 for two viruses, Nyamanini virus (NYMV) and Midway virus (MIDWV). ... A number of important human diseases including; mumps, measles, rabies, bonra disease, and ebola haemorrhagic fever can be ... Since the Midway virus was found to be highly divergent from known viruses, it has been classified as being a virus of the ... Nyamanini virus and Midway virus, respectively) that would constitute the genus. No formal proposal for the creation of the ...
The measles virus (MV), a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, enters cells through a cellular receptor, the signaling ... The measles virus (MV), a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, enters cells through a cellular receptor, the signaling ... mumps virus, Newcastle disease virus (NDV), human parainfluenza viruses (hPIV), and emerging Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus ... negative-strand RNA virus, a member of the genus Morbillivirus, the family Paramyxoviridae (Griffin, 2007). Paramyxoviruses ...
... mumps virus [MuV]), rotavirus (rotavirus A), cytomegalovirus (HCMV), and lymphocryptovirus (Epstein-Barr virus [EBV]). These ... Based on literature mining, we identified viruses from seven different genera that have been implicated in T1D, which include ... from seven viruses reported to be associated with T1D and 354 ORFs from other common viruses into our protein array-compatible ... Isolation of a virus from the pancreas of a child with diabetic ketoacidosis. N Engl J Med 1979;300:1173-1179pmid:219345. ...
... which is a negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus and which is a member of the genus Rubulavirus in the family ... Symptoms of mumps begin 7-18 days after a person is exposed to the virus. This means that mumps has an incubation period. About ... People with mumps may produce antibodies to fight the virus. Testing for antibodies against the virus in the blood is a simple ... The causative agent of mumps is a virus that can be easily transmitted from one person to another. The use of mumps vaccines ...
241000711386 Mumps virus Species 0 description 1 * 241000699666 Mus ,mouse, genus, Species 0 description 2 ... 241000725643 Respiratory syncytial virus Species 0 description 1 * 241001514767 Respiratory syncytial virus type A Species 0 ... 241000713772 Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Species 0 description 5 * 241000713340 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Species 0 ...
Measles is caused by a nonsegmented, single-strand, negative-sense RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus and the family ... "Rubeola, Rubella, Mumps, and Parvovirus Infections." Harrisons Manual of Medicine, 20e Jameson J, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser ... Rubeola, Rubella, Mumps, and Parvovirus Infections. In: Jameson J, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Loscalzo J. ... Rubeola, rubella, mumps, and parvovirus infections. Jameson J, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Loscalzo J. Jameson J ...
... two lethal and emerging viruses for which there is currently no treatment or vaccine available has been identified by ... A potential new treatment for the Nipah and Hendra viruses, ... The Nipah and Hendra viruses are members of the genus ... The finding by scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College could also lead to new treatments for measles, mumps and influenza. ... "These viruses are of great concern. The Hendra virus is highly fatal and is a considered a potential agent of bioterrorism. It ...
... which like the mumps virus, is also a Paramyxoviridae family member, and a member of the genus, Rubulavirus.. ... This transmission electron microscopic (TEM) image revealed the presence of the human parainfluenza type-4A virus (HPIV-4A), ...
Genus Rubulavirus. Type species Mumps virus. Distinguishing features. All species of the genus Rubulavirus have ... Genus Respirovirus. Type species Sendai virus. Distinguishing features. Member viruses of the genus Respirovirus possess a ... 15,384 nt for mumps virus (MuV); 15,246 nt for parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5, previously known as simian virus 5 [SV-5]); 15,450 ... One genus (Morbillivirus) lacks a neuraminidase activity and some viruses (canine distemper virus, phocine distemper virus and ...
RubulavirusViralParamyxovirusRubellaVaccineMorbillivirusOrchitisSubfamilyInfluenzaInfectiousVaccinesEnterovirusPathogensNipahContagiousCytomegalovirusAntibodiesRabiesSalivary glandsCausativeImmunizationCases of mumpsIncidence of mumpsDiagnosis of mumpsEpidemic parotitisEncephalitisCauses mumpsHendraParotitisParainfluenza virusPathogenicEbolaAdenovirusIncubation PeriodOutbreaksRinderpestMeningitisDiseasesPathogenesisParamyxovirusesSymptomsPolymeraseParotidSendaiPathologyDiseaseInfectionsConfirmation of mumpsHistory of mumpsHuman
- in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was closely related to the mumps virus (MuV, genus Rubulavirus ) ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- Mumps virus belongs to the genus Rubulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae and produces roughly spherical, enveloped virions of about 200 nm in diameter. (wikipedia.org)
- Mumps is caused by an RNA virus of the genus Rubulavirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. (tbdhu.com)
- However, sequence identity between proteins from these viruses is limited, and the viruses have been placed in different genera ( Respirovirus , Morbilivirus , and Rubulavirus , respectively). (asm.org)
- An enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA virus of the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Rubulavirus . (cdc.gov)
- The causative agent of mumps is the mumps virus (MuV), which is a negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus and which is a member of the genus Rubulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. (axcessnews.com)
- MuV belongs to the genus Rubulavirus and family Paramyxovirus . (wikidoc.org)
- This transmission electron microscopic (TEM) image revealed the presence of the human parainfluenza type-4A virus (HPIV-4A), which like the mumps virus, is also a Paramyxoviridae family member, and a member of the genus, Rubulavirus . (cdc.gov)
- Right) Negative contrast electron micrographs of intact parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5, previously known as simian virus 5 [SV particles (genus Rubulavirus ) (top) and the PIV5 nucleocapsid after detergent lysis of virions (bottom) (courtesy of G.P. Leser and R.A. Lamb). (ictvonline.org)
- The genus Rubulavirus contains both mumps and parainfluenza viruses. (wordpress.com)
- Mumps is an infectious disease due to an RNA virus that belongs to the genus of the Rubulavirus. (symptoma.com)
- Mumps is otherwise known as epidemic parotitis and is a result of an infection with a virus belonging to the Rubulavirus genus. (symptoma.com)
- Mumps is a viral disease caused by a virus (mumps virus) belongs to the genus Rubulavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. (aimu.us)
- The classic "Mumps" is known as a viral parotitis caused by mumps virus belonging to the genus Rubulavirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. (archcid.com)
- The classic "Mumps" is known as a viral parotitis caused by mumps virus belonging to the genus Rubulavirus in the Paramyxoviridae family ( 1 , 2 ), but various viral pathogens have been identified as causes of acute viral infection of the salivary glands ( 1 ). (archcid.com)
- The genome of mumps virus (MuV), a member of the family Paramyxoviridae of the genus Rubulavirus , consists of a single-stranded, negative-sense, nonsegmented RNA. (usda.gov)
- Mumps: characterized by painful swelling of the salivary glands and fever due to the mumps virus belonging to genus Rubulavirus. (firehousepub.net)
- pathology ) A contagious disease caused by the Mumps virus of the genus Rubulavirus , mostly occurring in childhood, which causes swelling of glands in the face and neck. (wiktionary.org)
- PIV5, previously called simian virus five (nine), can be a prototypical member in the Rubulavirus genus with the household Paramyxoviridae (22). (glucagon-receptor.com)
- The name is derived from 'avian Rubulavirus' as at one time the avian paramyxoviruses were placed in the same genus as mumps virus. (poultrymania.com)
- Measles, rubella, and mumps are acute viral diseases that can cause serious disease and complications of disease but can be prevented with vaccination. (cdc.gov)
- Just like people with viral infections can shed and transmit wild-type virus, 86 people given live virus vaccines can shed and transmit vaccine strain live attenuated virus. (globalresearch.ca)
- Mumps is a relatively mild short-term viral infection of the salivary glands that usually occurs during childhood. (encyclopedia.com)
- Mumps is an acute viral infection usually seen in childhood. (renalandurologynews.com)
- For example, measles virus N has been found to bind several viral and host proteins. (asm.org)
- The Midway virus genome is non-segmented, and contains six open reading frames with only two open reading frames similar to known viral protiens. (kenyon.edu)
- The newly synthesized viral genomes aggregate near the inside of the cell membrane, and the virions bud off from the cell, removing a piece of the cell membrane as the virus exits. (kenyon.edu)
- We constructed a viral protein array comprising the complete proteomes of seven viruses associated with T1D and open reading frames from other common viruses. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Although there are a number of studies indicating viral effects on T1D pathogenesis, the exact mechanistic explanations for how viruses contribute to T1D etiology are still unknown. (diabetesjournals.org)
- As the complex role of viral infections in T1D remains elusive, it would be valuable to address this important scientific question by assessing immune responses to many viruses and their antigens using many samples collected longitudinally from birth to disease onset. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Historically, the prevalence of viral infections in T1D was explored either by genomic approaches (which work if the viral nucleic acids remain present at the time of assay) or immunological approaches that only evaluated one viral protein or one type of virus at a time ( 10 , 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
- Ahne W, Batts WN, Kurath G, Winton JR Viral genomic RNA of Fer-de-Lance virus (FDLV), a paramyxovirus highly pathogenic for reptiles, was reverse transcribed and cloned. (factbites.com)
- Viral mumps is the most common cause of orchitis. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Only the symptoms of viral mumps orchitis are treated. (thefreedictionary.com)
- After health workers ruled out several suspect conditions such as hematophagocytic syndrome and viral hemorrhagic fever, deep sequencing and metagenomic analysis revealed a novel paramyxovirus related to rubula-like viruses that had been previously isolated from fruit bats . (wordpress.com)
- After the initial symptoms develop, the virus continues to circulate in the blood for approximately seven to ten days, during which period other organs are subjected to the viral load . (symptoma.com)
- Mumps is a viral infection and most often a mild disease of childhood. (aimu.us)
- the most prevalent respiratory viral pathogens were influenza, human rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). (bvsalud.org)
- The use of multiplex real-time RT-PCR increased the viral detection by 33.9% and revealed a larger number of respiratory viruses implicated in ARI cases, including the most recently described respiratory viruses [human bocavirus, human metapneumovirus, influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 virus, human coronavirus (HCoV) NL63 and HCoV HKU (bvsalud.org)
- However, virus can encode viral proteins to counteract the restriction activity of APOBEC3G. (bvsalud.org)
- Four main open reading frames are encoded (ORFs) and the virus has four known genes which encode seven proteins: the core capsid protein, the viral polymerase , surface antigens -preS1, preS2, and S, the X protein and HBeAg. (wikipedia.org)
- These envelope proteins can assemble independently of the viral capsid and genome into non-infectious virus-like particles that give the virus a pleomorphic appearance and promote a strong immune response in hosts. (wikipedia.org)
- 5. The expression plasmid of claim 1, further comprising a negative strand RNA virus viral gene segment inserted between the pol I promoter and the termination signal. (freepatentsonline.com)
- This Lyssavirus[PV-Pasteur rabies vaccine virus] is preserved under Viral Storage Medium -80C.Tests for the presence of mycoplasmae were not performed. (science-marketplace.org)
- Mumps virus, a member of paramyxovirus family and genus, is a negative sense single-stranded RNA, helical, enveloped virus with glycoprotein spikes, HN and F that replicates in the cytoplasm by using viral RNA polymerase. (mhmedical.com)
- Methods and Results Myocardial samples from 29 patients with autopsy-proven endocardial fibroelastosis were analyzed for viral genome (enterovirus, adenovirus, mumps, cytomegalovirus, parvovirus, influenza, herpes simplex virus) by use of polymerase chain reaction or reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. (ahajournals.org)
- 70% of the samples were positive for mumps viral RNA, while 28% amplified adenovirus. (ahajournals.org)
- Conclusions These data suggest an etiologic role for viral infection in endocardial fibroelastosis, supporting the hypothesis that endocardial fibroelastosis is a sequela of a viral myocarditis, in particular of that due to mumps virus. (ahajournals.org)
- Primary viral meningitis is predominantly represented by the meningoencephalic form of tick-borne viral encephalitis (caused by the virus belonging to the Arbovirus group, the Flavivirus genus), the meningeal form of acute poliomyelitis (the causative agent belongs to the genus Enterovirus, Poliovirus hominis) and some others. (stop-infections.net)
- The most common cause of secondary viral meningitis (encephalitis) is the causative agents of enterovirus infections (the family Picornaviridae genus Enterovirus), the mumps virus (the family Paramyxoviridae, the genus Rubulavirus), herpes viruses (the Herpesviridae family), significantly less often measles and rubella viruses. (stop-infections.net)
- We've identified that expression of PIV5 L protein on your own is enough to activate NF- B. The L protein of PIV5, the catalytic element with the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, includes 6 domains that happen to be conserved between all negative-stranded nonsegmented RNA viruses. (glucagon-receptor.com)
- Measles Viral etiology : measles virus. (slideplayer.com)
- Viral etiology: Rubella virus. (slideplayer.com)
- Mumps and epidemic parotitis is a viral disease of the human species, caused by the mumps virus. (freecollocation.com)
- Mumps is an acute viral illness and usually presents with inflammation of the salivary glands, particularly the parotid glands (salivary glands near the ears). (freecollocation.com)
- Poliomyelitis (commonly known as polio ) is an infectious disease caused by polioviruses 1, 2, and 3 in the enterovirus genus of the picornaviridae viral family. (stanford.edu)
- Hepatitis B is a viral infection that caused liver damaged from the Hepatitis B virus HBV), inflammation of the liver. (studymode.com)
- One of such viral diseases is measles, caused by rubeola virus. (anyfreepapers.com)
- The history of this viral disease is rather long - it was developed from rinderpest virus (cattle plaque) in around twelfth century. (anyfreepapers.com)
- Typical examples for which an SIR model is used include Paramyxovirus (measles) and Viral Parotitis (mumps). (eclipse.org)
- In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in determining, at atomic and subnanometeric levels, the structures of a number of key viral proteins and of the virion capsids of several dsRNA viruses, highlighting the significant parallels in the structure and replicative processes of many of these viruses. (wikidoc.org)
- Positive-sense viruses have their genome directly utilized as if it were mRNA, producing a single protein which is modified by host and viral proteins to form the various proteins needed for replication. (wikidoc.org)
- Reverse transcriptase , a viral enzyme that comes from the virus itself after it is uncoated, converts the viral RNA into a complementary strand of DNA, which is copied to produce a double stranded molecule of viral DNA. (wikidoc.org)
- Viral taxonomy, classification, and characterization is not a simple academic exercise but practically improves our ability to diagnose, track, and compare viruses of medical importance and develop a better understanding of pathophysiologic processes. (asmscience.org)
- Changes, including what constitutes the definition of a viral species, have already had an impact on how viruses are characterized and classified. (asmscience.org)
- With these newer molecular approaches for virus identification and characterization, as well as enhanced bioinformatics approaches, viral classification is as dynamic and challenging as ever, requiring continuous monitoring, reassessment, and updating to achieve a rational taxonomic framework. (asmscience.org)
- Membranes of virus & host cell fuse, & viral RNA & reverse transcriptase enter the host's cytoplasm *2. (scioly.org)
- Recently, a new paramyxovirus closely related to human mumps virus (MuV) was detected in bats. (cdc.gov)
- Although no infectious virus has been isolated, the genome of a new paramyxovirus detected in an epauletted fruit bat ( Epomophorus sp. (cdc.gov)
- The relations between the Salmon paramyxovirus and the others have been poorly studied to date and their relationship to the other members of this genus is not currently known. (wikipedia.org)
- Another virus in this family is Anaconda paramyxovirus. (wikipedia.org)
- Bank vole virus, Mossman virus and Nariva virus are three paramyxovirus that probably belong in a new genus. (wikipedia.org)
- The paramyxovirus that causes mumps is harbored in the saliva and is spread through sneezing , coughing, and other direct contact with another person's infected saliva. (encyclopedia.com)
- In 2012, a wildlife biologist was infected with one such novel paramyxovirus, Sosuga virus (SosV), following work with rodents and bats in South Sudan and Uganda ( 4 , 10 ). (pnas.org)
- Further investigation revealed that SosV may use Egyptian rousette bats ( Rousettus aegyptiacus ) as a natural host reservoir and is most closely related to the rubula-like paramyxovirus, Tuhoko virus 3 ( 5 , 11 ). (pnas.org)
- Furthermore, recent studies of paramyxovirus circulation in South African Egyptian rousette bat populations has led to the discovery of numerous other pararubulaviruses, raising concerns about the widespread range of these putatively functionally similar viruses ( 6 ). (pnas.org)
- We conducted a low-resolution ultrastructural analysis of Sendai virus, a prototype paramyxovirus, using cryo-electron tomography. (asm.org)
- Paramyxovirus fusion: real-time measurement of parainfluenza virus 5 virus-cell fusion. (factbites.com)
- Recovery of paramyxovirus simian virus 5 with a V protein lacking the conserved cysteine-rich domain: The multifunctional V protein blocks both interferon-_ induction and interferon signalling. (factbites.com)
- The Paramyxovirus of pigeons is closely related to the virus of atypical fowl pest (Newcastle Disease ). (factbites.com)
- Paramyxovirus as identified in reptiles is believed to be from an undescribed genus. (factbites.com)
- The WHO statement said the Paramyxovirus family includes many well-known viruses associated with respiratory infections, including respiratory syncytial virus , mumps , and measles . (factbites.com)
- Our laboratory is investigating the molecular structure and the mechanism of replication of influenza A, B, and C viruses and the paramyxovirus family of viruses , often using as a prototype parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5), formerly called SV5. (factbites.com)
- The paramyxovirus family includes an extremely wide variety of viruses that affect both animals and humans. (factbites.com)
- A wildlife biologist who became severely sick after returning from a 6-week African field expedition that included handling rodents and bats and collecting their blood and tissues was found to have been infected with a novel paramyxovirus related to rubula-like viruses isolated from fruit bats, according to a separate EID report. (wordpress.com)
- Nipa virus (NiV) is a recently emerged highly pathogenic paramyxovirus of the genus Henipavirus . (creative-biolabs.com)
- Peste des Petits Ruminants virus (PPRV), belonging to a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus , causes an economically important disease that limits the productivity of small domestic ruminants and often affects the livestock of the poorest populations in developing countries. (creative-biolabs.com)
- Chua KB , Bellini WJ , Rota PA , Harcourt BH , Tamin A , Lam SK , Nipah virus: a recently emergent deadly paramyxovirus. (cdc.gov)
- Harcourt BH , Tamin A , Ksiazek TG , Rollin PE , Anderson LJ , Bellini WJ , Molecular characterization of Nipah virus, a newly emergent paramyxovirus. (cdc.gov)
- a sudden illness caused by the virus paramyxovirus. (freecollocation.com)
- Eventually a virus with morphological and biochemical properties of certain myxoviruses was isolated and was tentatively placed in the paramyxovirus subgroup. (ufl.edu)
- This report is a compendium of all current recommendations for the prevention of measles, rubella, congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), and mumps. (cdc.gov)
- Measles, mumps, and rubella-vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [ACIP]. (cdc.gov)
- For acceptable evidence of immunity, removing documentation of physician diagnosed disease as an acceptable criterion for evidence of immunity for measles and mumps, and including laboratory confirmation of disease as a criterion for acceptable evidence of immunity for measles, rubella, and mumps. (cdc.gov)
- As a compendium of all current recommendations for the prevention of measles, rubella, congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), and mumps, the information in this report is intended for use by clinicians as baseline guidance for scheduling of vaccinations for these conditions and considerations regarding vaccination of special populations. (cdc.gov)
- Vaccines for prevention of measles, rubella, and mumps were licensed and recommended for use in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s. (cdc.gov)
- Before departure from the United States, travelers aged ≥12 months who do not have acceptable evidence of mumps immunity (as documented by 2 doses of a mumps virus-containing vaccine, laboratory evidence of immunity, laboratory confirmation of disease, or birth before 1957) should be vaccinated with 2 doses of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine ≥28 days apart (or 1 dose of MMR if previously administered 1 dose of MMR). (cdc.gov)
- Measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine is licensed for children aged 12 months through 12 years and may be used if vaccination for measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella is indicated for this age group. (cdc.gov)
- We used serologic and molecular methods to analyze specimens from 206 recipients of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine for evidence of infection with ALV and EAV. (cdc.gov)
- Rubella virus "German Measles" infection during pregnancy is one of the most serious causing congenital rubella syndrome with serious malformations of the developing fetus. (edu.au)
- The other diseases discussed in this chapter are roseola infantum and rubella-like rashes caused by many different viruses that are mainly common illnesses occurring in early life. (mhmedical.com)
- Rubella (German Measles) - A contagious disease caused by a virus. (healthywithnutrition.com)
- The best protection against rubella is MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine. (healthywithnutrition.com)
- It is recommended that all young adults (born after 1970) who have not received two doses of the Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine (MMR) go to a clinic and receive a second vaccine. (mcgill.ca)
- Due to the increasing number of cases of measles that are being reported, it is recommended that all young adults who have not received two doses of the Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine (MMR) go to a clinic and receive a second vaccine. (mcgill.ca)
- The mumps vaccine comes as part of a triple vaccine called MMR which contains measles, mumps and rubella. (mcgill.ca)
- Rubella is included in the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. (mcgill.ca)
- Since it is included in the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR vaccine) two vaccines are now given. (mcgill.ca)
- Contains live attenuated measles, mumps and rubella virus strains. (slideplayer.com)
- Since 1967 the mumps vaccine (MMR, or measles, mumps and rubella) has helped cases decline in the United States. (freecollocation.com)
- Dapat dicegah dengan vaksin kombinasi hidup yang dilemahkan (MMR/ Mumps, Measles, Rubella), vaksin diberikan pada usia 13-15 bulan, dengan dosis booster diberikan saat masuk sekolah. (wordpress.com)
- It is now known that vaccine viruses can be serially transmitted through human hosts, and may revert genetically toward wild-type transmissibility and virulence. (globalresearch.ca)
- 87 Like wild-type virus, vaccine strain live virus can be shed in body fluids, such as saliva, 88 89 nasal and throat secretions, 90 breastmilk, 91 92 urine and blood, 93 94 stool, 95 and skin lesions. (globalresearch.ca)
- 96 Shedding after vaccination with live virus vaccines may continue for days, weeks or months, depending upon the vaccine and the health or other individual host factors of the vaccinated person. (globalresearch.ca)
- Because polio is among the more than 200 related viruses in the Picornaviridae family of enteroviruses, the doctors suggested that public health officials investigate " the influence of strain shifts of enteropathogens induced by the [polio] vaccine given practically every month. (globalresearch.ca)
- Immunization of mumps-susceptible contacts with MMR vaccine should be considered. (tbdhu.com)
- Prior to the release of a mumps vaccine in the United States in 1967, approximately 92% of all children had been exposed to mumps by the age of 15. (encyclopedia.com)
- In these pre-vaccine years, most children contracted mumps between the ages of four and seven. (encyclopedia.com)
- In 1968, the year after the live mumps vaccine was released, only 76 cases were reported for every 100,000 people. (encyclopedia.com)
- The reason for the decline in mumps was the increased usage of the mumps vaccine. (encyclopedia.com)
- Moreover, no vaccine exists for human parainfluenza viruses. (asm.org)
- By the end of 2016, mumps-containing vaccine was being used routinely in 121 countries worldwide. (cdc.gov)
- There is still a risk of outbreaks of mumps, particularly in regions of poor vaccine uptake. (axcessnews.com)
- Fortunately, mumps vaccines like the MMR vaccine are available to prevent people from getting the disease. (axcessnews.com)
- In the pre-vaccine years, most children contracted mumps between the ages of four and seven. (healthofchildren.com)
- A potential new treatment for the Nipah and Hendra viruses, two lethal and emerging viruses for which there is currently no treatment or vaccine available has been identified by scientists. (medindia.net)
- Visibly affected birds should be excluded from emergency vaccination and removed from the flock, since by shedding the virus they put the remainder of the flock at risk until vaccine protection is acquired. (factbites.com)
- The identification of endogenous avian leukosis virus (ALV) and endogenous avian retrovirus (EAV) in chick cell-derived measles and mumps vaccines in current use has raised concern about transmission of these retroviruses to vaccine recipients. (cdc.gov)
- RT activity in a vaccine manufactured in Europe was associated with particles containing endogenous avian virus (EAV) RNA ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
- In addition, we observed ALV-like particles by electron microscopy in culture supernatants from chick embryo fibroblasts that had not been inoculated with vaccine viruses ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
- Before introduction of mumps vaccine, annual incidences were ranging from 100-1000 cases/100000 population. (aimu.us)
- Mumps is a vaccine-preventable disease. (aimu.us)
- 121 countries or 62% countries of the world have included mumps vaccine in their routine schedule in the form of MMR vaccine. (aimu.us)
- An attenuated strain of the virus (L-3) is used as a live vaccine. (anti-viral-meds.com)
- Following the introduction of live vaccine immunization, the incidence of mumps has significantly decreased. (anti-viral-meds.com)
- Development of the noninvasive nasal spray vaccine for prevention of cervical cancer using the next generation type virus vector. (nii.ac.jp)
- Creative Biolabs has advanced virus vaccine technology and offers a wide range of vaccines to meet the needs of our customers. (creative-biolabs.com)
- The best ND vaccine enhances the immune response, minimizes or completely prohibit the clinical signs and deaths of ND, and reduces the rate at which ND viruses enter the environment. (creative-biolabs.com)
- The most preventative measure against mumps is immunization with a mumps vaccine. (thebiologynotes.com)
- The major reason for the increase in mumps at this time is believed to be vaccine failure. (mcgill.ca)
- Most of us received a vaccine against mumps as children but for a variety of reasons not everyone has developed an adequate response. (mcgill.ca)
- If you were born after 1970 and have not received two doses of the mumps vaccine with the first one after the age of one, then you should be given a second dose of the vaccine. (mcgill.ca)
- The study will be conducted as a randomized, prospective, open-label evaluation of the clinical tolerability, vaccine virus shedding, and serum and mucosal antibody response to vaccination with either live monovalent novel H1N1 influenza vaccine (LAIV) or monovalent inactivated novel H1N1 influenza vaccine (IIV) in healthy children between the ages of 4 and 9 years. (bioportfolio.com)
- Nasal swabs will be obtained on days 2, 4, and 7 after each dose of live vaccine and assessed for the presence and magnitude of vaccine virus shedding of the live attenuated vaccine by rtRT-PCR and TCID50 on MDCK cells. (bioportfolio.com)
- The genus Morbillivirus , within Paramyxovirinae , contains the agents that cause measles in humans, distemper in dogs and cats, and rinderpest in cattle. (britannica.com)
- Among paramyxoviruses, only those belonging to the genera Morbillivirus and Henipavirus recognize protein receptors expressed on the target cell surface. (frontiersin.org)
- Measles (rubeola) is an infectious disease caused by multiplication of a single-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. (cochrane.org)
- Measles: is spread through respiration and is highly contagious disease caused by measles' virus that belongs to Morbillivirus family of viruses. (firehousepub.net)
- The virus that causes rubeola is called genus morbillivirus. (anyfreepapers.com)
- Mumps is typically characterized by inflammation of the parotid glands but also can be accompanied by orchitis, aseptic meningitis, pancreatitis, and deafness ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
- About one-quarter of all post-pubertal males who contract mumps can develop a swelling of the scrotum (orchitis) about seven days after the parotitis stage. (encyclopedia.com)
- Girls occasionally suffer an inflammation of the ovaries, or oophoritis, as a complication of mumps, but this condition is far less painful than orchitis in boys. (encyclopedia.com)
- Orchitis is uncommon in prepubertal males, but it complicates mumps in approximately one third of post-pubertal teens, with the highest incidence in those over 15 years of age. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Occasionally, mumps can lead to severe complications, such as inflammation of the testicle (orchitis) that may result in infertility in men. (axcessnews.com)
- Some data shows that about 30% of boys with mumps will develop orchitis. (axcessnews.com)
- Complications of mumps in hospitalised patients were recorded in 19/138 cases (14%), with orchitis being the most common complication (10/19), followed by pancreatitis (2/19). (mja.com.au)
- The histological appearance of mumps orchitis is fairly similar to that of parotitis. (mja.com.au)
- Fifteen to twenty-five percent of males past the age of puberty with mumps develop orchitis. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The people most susceptible to orchitis are those with inadequate mumps inoculation and, in the case of sexually transmitted orchitis, those who practice unsafe sex or have a history of sexually transmitted disease. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Keeping mumps inoculations current and diligently practicing safe sex are the best ways to prevent orchitis from occurring. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Thus, complications that involve other organs, such as pancreatitis , meningitis , orchitis and deafness tend to develop in up to half of the patients affected by mumps, with orchitis being the one most frequently diagnosed in male patients in the age before or after puberty . (symptoma.com)
- Mumps orchitis presents approximately 10 days after the onset of the initial symptoms, but they can also be delayed for six weeks. (symptoma.com)
- Epididymitis may co-exist with mumps but is usually diagnosed before the onset of orchitis . (symptoma.com)
- Symptoms associated with mumps orchitis include testicular edema and pain, tenderness, high-grade fever , and vomiting. (symptoma.com)
- Most patients with mumps orchitis are hospitalized because of high fever and severe testicular pain. (symptoma.com)
- Fevers are frequent in mumps orchitis, although leukocytosis or pyuria are not evident in most patients. (symptoma.com)
- Mumps orchitis can affect men's fertility or virility , and it should its governance, the application of the above drugs should comply with doctor's advice, should not be taken lightly, causing serious complications, is too late. (symptoma.com)
- Symptoms of mumps orchitis may include mild to severe testicular pain, swelling, tenderness, lower abdominal pain , fever, and chills. (symptoma.com)
- Mumps orchitis generally manifests as a gradual worsening of testicular pain and swelling. (symptoma.com)
- It mostly affects the children in the age group five to nine years but the virus may also affect adults in whom complications such as meningitis and orchitis are relatively more common. (aimu.us)
- Complications regarding classic mumps syndrome have been widely known such as orchitis, oophoritis, mastitis, sensorineural hearing loss, pancreatitis, aseptic meningitis and encephalitis. (archcid.com)
- Frequent lesions of the central nervous system and orchitis in mumps are noted by Hamilton (1790). (anti-viral-meds.com)
- The major subfamily is Paramyxovirinae , which contains the human parainfluenza viruses and mumps virus, as well as Newcastle disease virus of poultry. (britannica.com)
- 15,191-15,226 nt for human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV), 13,280-13,378 nt for human metapneumovirus (HMPV) and 19,212 nt for Beilong virus (BeiPV), an unclassified virus in the subfamily Paramyxovirinae . (ictvonline.org)
- The subfamily Mammantavirinae is divided into four genera including Orthohantavirus, Loanvirus, Mobatvirus and Thottimvirus. (bvsalud.org)
- Virus taxon names (species, genus, subfamily, family, and order names) have been formally approved using a defined process established by the ICTV and approved by the International Union of Microbiological Societies as specified in the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ( Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ). (ictvonline.org)
- The subfamily Paramyxovirinae currently has 8 genera that include important human and veterinary pathogens. (poultrymania.com)
- theorized to come from primates Classification of HIV: *Baltimore Classification: Group VI *Order: virales *Family: Retroviridae *Subfamily: Orthoretrovirinae *Genus: Lentivirus *Two types: HIV-1 & HIV-2. (scioly.org)
- The finding by scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College could also lead to new treatments for measles, mumps and influenza. (medindia.net)
- Influenza A and B viruses cause important diseases in humans and animals, with tremendous socioeconomic consequences, for influenza continues to occur in regular epidemics and occasional pandemics and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. (factbites.com)
- Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect genomic sequences of hepatitis C virus, adenovirus, cytomegalovirus, influenza viruses, mumps virus, herpes simplex viruses, varicella-zoster virus and Epstein-Barr virus. (onlinejacc.org)
- An AGM model for changes in complement during pregnancy: neutralization of influenza virus by serum is diminished in late third trimester. (nih.gov)
- These include viruses such as parainfluenza (types 1, 2 and 3) virus, Influenza, Coxsackie virus, ECHO (enteric cytopathic human orphan) virus and Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus ( 3 - 6 ). (archcid.com)
- Through IIF, 33 (20.4%) specimens with respiratory virus were recognised, with influenza virus representing over half of the positive samples. (bvsalud.org)
- One application of the system is production of attenuated, reassortant influenza viruses for use as antigens in vaccines. (freepatentsonline.com)
- The reassortant viruses generated by cotransfection of plasmids may comprise genes encoding the surface glycoproteins hemagglutinin and neuraminidase from an influenza virus currently infecting the population and the internal genes from an attenuated influenza virus. (freepatentsonline.com)
- 7. The expression plasmid of claim 6, wherein the virus is an influenza A virus. (freepatentsonline.com)
- In the influenza virus, a membranous envelope covers the capsid. (scribd.com)
- 2. Croup and bronchitis can be caused by influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, RSV, and adenovirus. (issuu.com)
- 4. Pneumonia in adults can be caused by influenza virus, VZV, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and RSV. (issuu.com)
- Of particular note in modern times is HIV, which is known to have infected several million humans globally, along with the Influenza virus. (artandpopularculture.com)
- Notable human pathogenic RNA viruses include SARS , Influenza and Hepatitis C . (wikidoc.org)
- After a person is vaccinated with vaccinia, the vaccination site contains infectious virus from the time of papule formation until the scab separates from the skin (a period of approximately 2-3 weeks). (globalresearch.ca)
- HQ660095) (pMuV-Odate/ABMuV-F, /ABMuV-HN, and /ABMuV-FHN) ( Figure 1 , panel A). All infectious viruses were rescued by transfecting the plasmids pMuV-Odate, /ABMuV-F, /ABMuV-HN, and /ABMuV-FHN, along with helper plasmids, into BHK/T7-9 cells. (cdc.gov)
- Therefore, the findings with infectious viruses appeared to differ from those obtained with expression plasmids ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
- Mumps is an infectious disease characterized by swelling of the jaw and cheeks. (axcessnews.com)
- Mumps is highly infectious, 8 with a single case generating up to 12 secondary cases in a susceptible population. (mja.com.au)
- The infectious virus particle is called a "virion" and is the genetic material packed in a protein shell. (edu.au)
- Dengue virus (DENV) is transmitted by infectious mosquitoes during blood-feeding via saliva containing biologically-active proteins. (bvsalud.org)
- NHPs were exposed to DENV-1 via subcutaneous or intradermal inoculation of virus only, intradermal inoculation of virus and salivary gland extract, or infectious mosquito feeding. (bvsalud.org)
- A pathogen ( pathos , "suffering, passion" and γἰγνομαι (γεν-) gignomai (gen-) "I give birth to") or infectious agent - colloquially, a germ - is a microbe or microorganism such as a virus , bacterium , prion , or fungus that causes disease in its animal or plant host . (artandpopularculture.com)
- If the exposed individual is not infectious during this incubation period (e.g., not shedding virus), it is important to model the incubation time explicitly. (eclipse.org)
- Purified RNA of a negative-sense virus is not infectious by itself as it needs to be transcribed into positive-sense RNA. (wikidoc.org)
- Why Children that Have Been Recently Vaccinated with Live Virus Vaccines (Such as MMR) Should be the Ones that Are Isolated (Rather than the Healthy Unvaccinated Ones) But should they be arrested if they are found at the mall? (globalresearch.ca)
- Immunization, vaccines and biologicals: mumps. (cdc.gov)
- The use of mumps vaccines has greatly reduced the prevalence of mumps. (axcessnews.com)
- It's estimated that mumps vaccines can induce protective antibodies in more than 90% of individuals. (axcessnews.com)
- Although mumps vaccines do not have 100% efficacy, getting vaccinated is still one of the most important preventive strategies. (axcessnews.com)
- The introduction of mumps vaccines has significantly reduced the prevalence of mumps. (axcessnews.com)
- Examples of such contamination include simian virus in early polio vaccines grown on monkey kidney cells and avian leukosis virus (ALV) in yellow fever vaccines propagated in chick embryos ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
- Hepatitis B virus has also been identified in yellow fever vaccines produced by using pooled human serum as a stabilizing agent ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
- The RT-positive vaccines include measles, mumps, and yellow fever vaccines produced by several manufacturers in Europe and the United States ( 4 , 5 ). (cdc.gov)
- Previous studies have described attenuated mumps vaccines using the available strains such as Jeryl-Lynn strain (A genotype) as early as the 1960s is immunogenic and safe. (creative-biolabs.com)
- Vaccination against mumps virus is routinely performed in more than 120 countries and significantly reduces the incidence of mumps, so vaccines play a crucial role in the prevention and management of mumps. (creative-biolabs.com)
- 50 Mumps virus vaccines and 3 February 2007. (who.int)
- Furthermore, vaccines, comprised of heat-killed or live attenuated viruses and/or antigens, may be injected into a host animal to provoke a humoral immune response. (scioly.org)
- This family includes several human pathogens, such as human parainfluenza viruses, measles and mumps viruses, which cause severe respiratory diseases in infants and young children. (asm.org)
- Such chickens are screened for known pathogens, including two exogenous avian retroviruses: reticuloendotheliosis virus and ALV ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
- They spread these viruses, parasites, and other pathogens to the human population. (blogspot.com)
- Non-segmented negative strand (NNS) RNA viruses belonging to the order Mononegavirales are highly diversified eukaryotic viruses including significant human pathogens, such as rabies, measles, Nipah, and Ebola. (frontiersin.org)
- Therefore, obtaining the results of CSF puncture in the patient during the first hours of admission to the hospital allows to determine the spectrum of possible pathogens (bacteria or viruses) and to prescribe adequate treatment. (stop-infections.net)
- The most common cause of purulent bacterial meningitis (encephalitis) is meningococci (Neisseria meningitidis), pneumococci (Streptococcus pneumoniae), Haemophilus influenzae b Haemophilus influenzae b, Staphylococcus aureus, other pathogens (genus Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Listeria, Pseudomonas , Family Enterobacteriaceae, etc.) are much less common. (stop-infections.net)
- However, if the immune system or "good" bacteria is damaged in any way (such as by chemotherapy , human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or antibiotics being taken to kill other pathogens), pathogenic bacteria that were being held at bay can proliferate and cause harm to the host. (artandpopularculture.com)
- Some pathogens (such as the bacterium Yersinia pestis which may have caused the Black Plague , the Variola virus, and the Malaria protozoa) have been responsible for massive numbers of casualties and have had numerous effects on afflicted groups. (artandpopularculture.com)
- The emergence of pathogenic paramyxoviruses, such as Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV) ( 1 ), from native host reservoirs into human populations has driven recent efforts to survey virus prevalence in animals. (pnas.org)
- Paramyxoviruses also include, among others, mumps virus, Newcastle disease virus (NDV), human parainfluenza viruses (hPIV), and emerging Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV), members of the genus Henipavirus ( Lamb and Parks, 2007 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Harcourt BH , Tamin A , Halpin K , Ksiazek TG , Rollin PE , Bellini WJ , Molecular characterization of the polymerase gene and genomic termini of Nipah virus. (cdc.gov)
- Wang LF , Harcourt BH , Yu M , Tamin A , Rota PA , Bellini WJ , Molecular biology of Hendra and Nipah viruses. (cdc.gov)
- Chua KB , Lam SK , Goh KJ , Hooi PS , Ksiazek TG , Kamarulzaman A , The presence of Nipah virus in respiratory secretions and urine of patients during an outbreak of Nipah virus encephalitis in Malaysia. (cdc.gov)
- A cohort study of health care workers to assess nosocomial transmissibility of Nipah virus. (cdc.gov)
- Chua KB , Koh CL , Hooi PS , Wee KF , Khong JH , Chua BH , Isolation of Nipah virus from Malaysian island flying-foxes. (cdc.gov)
- Person-to-person transmission of Nipah virus during outbreak in Faridpur District. (cdc.gov)
- Nipah virus outbreak(s) in Bangladesh, January-April 2004. (cdc.gov)
- Hsu VP , Hossain MJ , Parashar UD , Ali MM , Ksiazek TG , Kuzmin I , Nipah virus encephalitis reemergence, Bangladesh. (cdc.gov)
- Mumps is an acute, contagious disease of short duration, usually self-limiting, and characterized by swelling of the parotid gland. (arupconsult.com)
- Although not as contagious as measles or chickenpox , mumps was once quite common. (encyclopedia.com)
- However, they are still contagious and can spread the virus to others. (ecohealth2018.co)
- For diagnosis, an assay for the detection of mumps-specific immunoglobulin M antibodies in serum and oral fluid specimens is commercially available. (aimu.us)
- With mumps, specific antibodies are produced in the body (neutralizing, complement binding, etc.), which are detected over several years, and an allergic rearrangement of the body develops that lasts a very long time (possibly throughout life). (anti-viral-meds.com)
- Mumps virus is the causative agent of mumps, a well-known common childhood disease characterised by swelling of the parotid glands, salivary glands and other epithelial tissues, causing high morbidity and in some cases more serious complications such as deafness. (wikipedia.org)
- Mumps should be suspected in any patient who has acute unilateral or bilateral swelling of the parotid or other salivary glands for more than 2 days without apparent alternative explanation. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Mumps is an acute systemic illness that classically presents with parotitis (acute onset of unilateral or bilateral tender, self-limited swelling of the parotid or other salivary glands), lasting 2-10 days. (cdc.gov)
- Mumps virus spreads before the salivary glands begin to swell and up to five days after the appearance of swelling. (aimu.us)
- It was possible to isolate the mumps virus not only from the blood and salivary glands, but also from testicular tissue, from the pancreas, from the milk of a woman with mumps. (anti-viral-meds.com)
- Mumps is characterized by an inflammation of the salivary glands, resulting in painful swelling of one or both parotid glands. (creative-biolabs.com)
- The development of viremia allows the virus to travel to all body organs, including salivary glands and central nervous system. (mhmedical.com)
- Mumps is an illness characterized by acute onset of unilateral or bilateral tender, self-limited swelling of the parotid or other salivary glands that lasts at least 2 days and has no other apparent cause. (thebiologynotes.com)
- Mumps is a disease caused by a virus and usually occurs with fever and swelling of the salivary glands (swollen cheeks). (mcgill.ca)
- The causative agent of mumps is a virus that can be easily transmitted from one person to another. (axcessnews.com)
- If acute parotitis accompanies with clinical manifestations different from classic mumps and associated with aseptic meningitis in early stage of the disease with initially negative serological test for mumps, acute parotitis with aseptic meningitis caused by non-mumps virus should be considered and various serological tests should be performed to identify the causative virus. (archcid.com)
- The causative agent of mumps was first isolated and studied in 1934 by E. Goodpascher and C. Johnson. (anti-viral-meds.com)
- It is the causative agent of mumps, a well-known common childhood disease characterized by swell. (science-marketplace.org)
- By 1985, less than 3,000 cases of mumps were reported throughout the entire United States, which works out to about 1 case per 100,000 people. (encyclopedia.com)
- In 1996, the Centers for disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported only 751 cases of mumps nationwide, or, in other words, about one case for every five million people. (encyclopedia.com)
- While the majority of cases of mumps are uncomplicated and pass without incident, some complications can occur. (encyclopedia.com)
- Cases of mumps should be reported to public health authorities through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. (renalandurologynews.com)
- By 1985, fewer than 3,000 cases of mumps were reported throughout the entire United States, the equivalent of about one case per 100,000 people. (healthofchildren.com)
- 5 , 6 In 2004-2005 in the United Kingdom, more than 56 000 clinical cases of mumps were notified, with the majority of confirmed cases occurring in 15-24-year-olds. (mja.com.au)
- There has recently been a rise in the number of cases of mumps reported in Canada especially in the Atlantic provinces. (mcgill.ca)
- Symptoms of mumps encephalitis include the inability to feel pain, seizures, and high fever. (encyclopedia.com)
- Recovery from mumps encephalitis is usually complete, although complications, such as seizure disorders, have been noted. (encyclopedia.com)
- Only about 1 in 100 patients with mumps encephalitis dies from the complication. (encyclopedia.com)
- Only about one person in 100 with mumps encephalitis dies from the complication. (healthofchildren.com)
- Central nervous system (e.g., meningitis and encephalitis): For diagnosis of meningitis, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum, as well as stool or throat swabs, can be collected because viruses are sometimes shed into these sites. (issuu.com)
- WNV and Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus (EEEV) are transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV), and eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) are nonsegmented, positive-sense RNA viruses of the genus Alphavirus in the family Togaviridae . (thefreedictionary.com)
- North American Eastern equine encephalitis virus (13,14), Highlands J virus from North America (15), Western equine encephalitis virus (16) and Sindbis virus (17). (thefreedictionary.com)
- Experimental transmission of eastern equine encephalitis virus by Ochlerotatusj, japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae). (thefreedictionary.com)
- 1 The term "mumps" is probably derived from a word meaning "grimace", reflecting the impact of parotitis on facial expression. (mja.com.au)
- Histologically, mumps parotitis is characterised by diffuse interstitial oedema with a predominantly mononuclear serofibrinous exudate. (mja.com.au)
- RESULTS: Of 195 males presenting with an acute history of testicular pain and swelling, 25 gave a history of mumps parotitis 4-11 days earlier. (symptoma.com)
- Serum amylase is elevated in mumps parotitis (amylase-S) and in pancreatitis (amylase-P). Serum lipase is elevated in pancreatitis. (aimu.us)
- Mumps virus can be isolated from nasopharyngeal swabs, blood, and fluid from the buccal cavity typically within the period of seven days before and nine days after, the onset of parotitis. (aimu.us)
- Oh H, Yang H S, Kim K S. Simultaneous Aseptic Meningitis and Acute Non-Mumps Associated Parotitis, Arch Clin Infect Dis. (archcid.com)
- We reviewed three patients diagnosed with aseptic meningitis due to acute non-mumps associated parotitis based on clinical and laboratory findings. (archcid.com)
- While there are many similarities between the clinical characteristics of classic mumps and acute non-mumps associated parotitis, some significant differences exist. (archcid.com)
- In addition, there are some important differences between mumps meningitis and aseptic meningitis due to non-mumps associated parotitis. (archcid.com)
- On the other hand, other viruses responsible for acute parotitis are less common, and understanding of their associated complications is more limited. (archcid.com)
- Herein we reported three pediatric patients with clinical manifestations of aseptic meningitis as a complication of non-mumps associated parotitis and compared its differences with classic forms of aseptic meningitis caused by classic mumps. (archcid.com)
- All of three cases were referred to our department between January 2005 and December 2009, with conclusively diagnosis of "secondary aseptic meningitis due to acute non-mumps associated parotitis" based on the clinical and laboratory findings. (archcid.com)
- Mumps is transmitted through respiratory tract and replicate in the respiratory tract epithelium and local lymph nodes followed by fever and swelling of parotid glands (parotitis) unilateral or bilateral. (mhmedical.com)
- Sendai virus (SeV) was discovered in 1952 ( 26 ) and is also referred to as murine parainfluenza virus as it was found to infect the respiratory tract of mice, to cause pneumonia, and to readily spread to uninfected animals. (asm.org)
- 3. Pneumonia in children can be caused by RSV, parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, and varicella-zoster virus (VZV). (issuu.com)
- In a study, the virus was found to be pathogenic to newborn Swiss mice, but not to four-week old Swiss mice injected intracranially(1). (kenyon.edu)
- Twenty-three pathogenic respiratory agents, 18 respiratory viruses and five bacteria were investigated using multiplex real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIF). (bvsalud.org)
- A staphylococcal typing bacteriophage is a device consisting of a bacterial virus intended for medical purposes to identify pathogenic staphylococcal bacteria through use of the bacteria's susceptibility to destruction by the virus. (boydtech.com)
- Test results are used primarily as an aid in the diagnosis of disease caused by pathogenic bacteria belonging to the genus Staphylococcus and provide epidemiological information on disease caused by these microorganisms. (boydtech.com)
- Is it Ebolavirus or Ebola virus? (virology.ws)
- the name Ebola virus is proposed for this new agent. (virology.ws)
- Zaire Ebola virus, Sudan Ebola virus, Reston Ebola virus). (virology.ws)
- Instead of using these names, the overwhelming majority of publications refer to "Ebola virus" instead of Zaire ebolavirus, a preference that is also followed by the public press. (virology.ws)
- Likewise, press articles, which almost invariably refer to "Ebola virus," and usually with that term aim at referring to the virus that is currently officially named "Zaire ebolavirus," will be correct retrospectively and prospectively. (virology.ws)
- The editors at TakePart changed my 'ebolavirus' to Ebola virus because that is the term they are familiar with. (virology.ws)
- Using this name is not correct because Sudan virus, not Ebola virus, is responsible for the current outbreak in Uganda. (virology.ws)
- CDC list of articles pertaining to the contemporary American mumps outbreaks Hviid A, Rubin S, Mühlemann K (March 2008). (wikipedia.org)
- Recently, there has been an increase in mumps outbreaks among highly vaccinated populations in industrialized nations. (cdc.gov)
- This virus could certainly cause global outbreaks," Dr. Porotto said. (medindia.net)
- Posters produced for mumps education campaigns in response to large Canadian outbreaks that also affected many adolescents and adults ( http://www.health.alberta.ca/public/disease_conditions.html#mumps ) are shown in Box 1 . (mja.com.au)
- Despite this, the rinderpest virus stock still exists and there remains a risk of rinderpest re-introduction. (creative-biolabs.com)
- The routes` leading to the reintroduction of rinderpest include the deliberate or accidental use of the virus in the laboratory, exposure to environmental sources of the virus, and use of the virus for anti-animal biological warfare. (creative-biolabs.com)
- Symptoms of meningitis usually develop within four or five days after the first signs of mumps. (encyclopedia.com)
- Mumps meningitis is usually resolved within seven days, and damage to the brain is exceedingly rare. (encyclopedia.com)
- Of these complications, aseptic meningitis is the most common neurologic manifestation which occurs in 1-10% of patients infected with mumps ( 10 ). (archcid.com)
- Mumps virus can also be detected readily in throat swabs and saliva, and in case of meningitis, in CSF. (thebiologynotes.com)
- Serous bacterial meningitis, in addition to the already mentioned meningitis with mixed pleocytosis (yersiniosis, syphilitic, etc.), includes diseases of mycoplasma (genus Mycoplasma), leptospirosis (genus Leptospira) and Borrelia (genus Borrelia) etiology. (stop-infections.net)
- Fungal meningitis causes cryptococci (Cryptococcus neofomans), fungi of the genus Candida, fungi of coccidoidosis (Coccidoides immitis). (stop-infections.net)
- In Australia, the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) has recorded a consistent rise in mumps notifications over the past few years, with almost 600 notifications in 2007. (mja.com.au)
- This primate is also susceptible to a spontaneous leprosy-like disease, and other diseases such as Hepatitis, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs), Dengue Fever, Norwalk Virus, and spontaneous heart disease. (blogspot.com)
- One of the best known diseases caused by protists in the genus Plasmodium is malaria . (artandpopularculture.com)
- These viruses can be traced all the way back to Ancient Egyptian records of polio epidemics, but are still around and cause a menagerie of diseases today, from polio to hepatitis A to the common cold. (stanford.edu)
- Adenoviruses, which cause several foodborne diseases, are naked icosahedral viruses. (scioly.org)
- Virusemia is an important link in the pathogenesis of mumps, which is proved by the possibility of virus isolation from the blood already in the early stages of the disease. (anti-viral-meds.com)
- Virus-induced myocarditis was the suspected first step in the pathogenesis of the disease, with enteroviruses and mumps virus considered potential causes. (ahajournals.org)
- 7 Pathogenesis After entry, the virus replicates in the epithelial cells of the URT. (slideplayer.com)
- 20 Pathogenesis After entry, the virus replicates in the epithelial cells lining the URT and invades sub-epithelial tissue. (slideplayer.com)
- Once the person is exposed to the virus, symptoms generally become noticeable in 14 - 24 days. (encyclopedia.com)
- Once a person has contracted mumps, he or she becomes immune to the disease, despite how mild or severe symptoms may have been. (encyclopedia.com)
- The period of greatest communicability is 1-2 days prior to the onset of parotid swelling, but virus has been isolated from saliva as early as 9 days before symptoms appear. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Virus may be present in saliva as early as a week before symptoms appear and up to 9 days of illness. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Detection of virus-specific IgM or a significant rise in IgG titers from sera collected during the acute illness and again in convalescence also confirms the diagnosis, though a delayed rise in IgM antibody may necessitate a repeat determination 2-3 weeks after onset of symptoms. (renalandurologynews.com)
- attempts at detection of the virus should be undertaken in the first 1-3 days following onset of symptoms. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Mumps generally causes mild symptoms, and patients recover completely within days to weeks. (axcessnews.com)
- Symptoms of mumps begin 7-18 days after a person is exposed to the virus. (axcessnews.com)
- About one-third of people infected with the virus have no or slight symptoms. (axcessnews.com)
- Once individuals have contracted mumps, they become immune to the disease, despite how mild or severe their symptoms may have been. (healthofchildren.com)
- When mumps reaches epidemic proportions, diagnosis is relatively easy on the basis of the physical symptoms. (healthofchildren.com)
- Measles signs and symptoms appear around 10 to 14 days after exposure to the virus. (thebiologynotes.com)
- Viruses are in highest concentrations during the first several days following onset of symptoms. (issuu.com)
- The virus is most communicable one to two days prior to the appearance of symptoms and up to five days after. (mcgill.ca)
- Many people have no symptoms but the virus can cause significant birth defects in the fetus. (mcgill.ca)
- Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using polymerase stuttering is the method of transcription. (wikipedia.org)
- Interaction of the C-terminal domains of Sendai virus (SeV) P and N proteins is crucial for RNA synthesis by correctly positioning the polymerase complex (L+P) onto the nucleocapsid (N/RNA). (asm.org)
- 4) The virus forms enveloped virions, which contain an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDRP) and genomic RNA with a process known as RNA editing to allow for greater number of gene products. (kenyon.edu)
- Hepadnaviridae encode their own polymerase, rather than co-opting host machinery as some other viruses do. (wikipedia.org)
- These studies provided insights into how NNS RNA viruses synthesize 5′-capped mRNAs using their RNA-dependent RNA polymerase L proteins equipped with an unconventional mRNA capping enzyme, namely GDP polyribonucleotidyltransferase (PRNTase), domain. (frontiersin.org)
- Two regions of mumps virus were amplified: the nucleocapsid gene and the polymerase-associated protein gene. (ahajournals.org)
- This means that the virus must bring along with it the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase enzyme. (wikidoc.org)
- As of late 2002, some researchers in Europe are studying the possibility that mumps increases a person's risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in later life. (encyclopedia.com)
- Mumps is a nationally notifiable disease. (cdc.gov)
- Although mumps is often considered as a childhood disease, it actually affects people of all ages. (axcessnews.com)
- Mumps is often considered a childhood disease. (axcessnews.com)
- Here, I describe the changing epidemiology of mumps in the developed world and review modes of transmission and presentation, as well the investigation and management of the disease. (mja.com.au)
- Laboratory animals are insensitive to the mumps virus, only in monkeys it is possible to reproduce a disease similar to human mumps. (anti-viral-meds.com)
- The disease caused by the ND virus which causes a high proportion of mortalities in the susceptible chickens. (creative-biolabs.com)
- The polio virus is an example: It probably infects most people who contact it, but only about 5 to 10 percent of those infected actually develop clinical disease. (gopetsamerica.com)
- Human Herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) This virus was first seen in 1986 in patients with AIDS or lymphoproliferative disease. (healthywithnutrition.com)
- Bornaviruses - The Borna disease virus (BDV) is a neurotropic negative-strand RNA virus that infects a wide range of vertebrate hosts, causing disturbances in movements and behavior. (healthywithnutrition.com)
- Mumps is a self-limited disease. (thebiologynotes.com)
- Hepatitis B is a liver disease that is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). (studymode.com)
- Viruses are the major contributors to the morbidity and mortality of upper and lower acute respiratory infections (ARIs) for all age groups. (bvsalud.org)
- Not all people with CFS/ME have these infections/viruses. (healthywithnutrition.com)
- Although they do not immediately kill cells, infections with noncytocidal viruses often interfere with the specialized functions of differentiated cells. (78stepshealth.us)
- Skin infections: Rash site and, depending on the virus, serum and urine b. (issuu.com)
- This virus can cause infections that can last a life time. (studymode.com)
- Bat populations constitute a reservoir for numerous viruses with human and animal spillover potential. (pnas.org)
- The Pneumovirinae comprise human and bovine respiratory syncytial viruses, pneumonia virus of mice, and the metapneumoviruses. (asm.org)
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) leads to AIDS and according to United Nations 2005 data about 38.6 million people had HIV. (edu.au)
- Note also that many cancers can be caused by viruses (papilloma viruses, hepatitis B and C viruses, Epstein-Barr virus and human T-cell lymphotropic virus). (edu.au)
- Scientists have proven the AIDS virus entered the human population by transmission from chimpanzees. (blogspot.com)
- The cycle of the malaria and its transmission between secondary human hosts and primary vectors of the genus Anopheles is complex. (eclipse.org)
- The serotype C viruses are genetically closely related to the recently recognized human metapneumovirus (8). (poultrymania.com)
- AIDS === Caused by an RNA retrovirus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which emerged in the 1980s. (scioly.org)