ShrewsElephants: Large mammals in the family Elephantidae, with columnar limbs, bulky bodies, and elongated snouts. They are the only surviving members of the PROBOSCIDEA MAMMALS.Tupaiidae: The only family of the order SCANDENTIA, variously included in the order Insectivora or in the order Primates, and often in the order Microscelidea, consisting of five genera. They are TUPAIA, Ananthana (Indian tree shrew), Dendrogale (small smooth-tailed tree shrew), Urogale (Mindanao tree shrew), and Ptilocercus (pen-tailed tree shrew). The tree shrews inhabit the forest areas of eastern Asia from India and southwestern China to Borneo and the Philippines.Seals, Earless: The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.Tupaia: A genus of tree shrews of the family TUPAIIDAE which consists of about 12 species. One of the most frequently encountered species is T. glis. Members of this genus inhabit rain forests and secondary growth areas in southeast Asia.Insectivora: An order of insect eating MAMMALS including MOLES; SHREWS; HEDGEHOGS and tenrecs.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Cheek: The part of the face that is below the eye and to the side of the nose and mouth.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)SicilyEthiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Williams Syndrome: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.AfricaSouth AmericaGeography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Phytochemicals: A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.Centaurium: A plant genus of the family GENTIANACEAE. Triterpene lactones and other compounds have been isolated from species of this genus. The common name of century plant has also been used for the AGAVE genus.Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Hydrolyzable Tannins: Polymeric derivatives of GALLIC ACID that are esters of a sugar.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Orobanchaceae: The broom-rape plant family of the order Lamiales.PicratesBiography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)BiographyBooks, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)EncyclopediasHistory, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Scorpions: Arthropods of the order Scorpiones, of which 1500 to 2000 species have been described. The most common live in tropical or subtropical areas. They are nocturnal and feed principally on insects and other arthropods. They are large arachnids but do not attack man spontaneously. They have a venomous sting. Their medical significance varies considerably and is dependent on their habits and venom potency rather than on their size. At most, the sting is equivalent to that of a hornet but certain species possess a highly toxic venom potentially fatal to humans. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, p417; Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p503)Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.Scorpion Venoms: Venoms from animals of the order Scorpionida of the class Arachnida. They contain neuro- and hemotoxins, enzymes, and various other factors that may release acetylcholine and catecholamines from nerve endings. Of the several protein toxins that have been characterized, most are immunogenic.Scorpion Stings: The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bite of SCORPIONS.Pleurobranchaea: A genus of side-gilled sea slugs in the family Pleurobranchidae, superorder GASTROPODA. They are opportunistic voracious feeders but prefer the sea anemone.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Acanthaceae: A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Hawks: Common name for many members of the FALCONIFORMES order, family Accipitridae, generally smaller than EAGLES, and containing short, rounded wings and a long tail.Agaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Pygeum: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE. Bark extract of P. africanum is an ingredient of folk remedies to treat PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA.AfghanistanBison: A genus of the family Bovidae having two species: B. bison and B. bonasus. This concept is differentiated from BUFFALOES, which refers to Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer.Mycoplasma bovis: A species of gram-negative bacteria causing MASTITIS; ARTHRITIS; and RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES in CATTLE.Malignant Catarrh: A herpesvirus infection of cattle characterized by catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory and alimentary epithelia, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalitis and lymph node enlargement. Syn: bovine epitheliosis, snotsiekte.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.ArtiodactylaTrees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Tamus: A plant genus of the DIOSCOREACEAE plant family.Perissodactyla: An order of ungulates having an odd number of toes, including the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros. (Dorland, 27th ed)Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Argasidae: A family of softbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include ARGAS and ORNITHODOROS among others.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Buffaloes: Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.Books
... is a genus of elephant shrew (or sengi) in the family Macroscelididae. Members of this genus are known colloquially ... Golden-rumped elephant shrew, Rhynchocyon chrysopygus Checkered elephant shrew, Rhynchocyon cirnei Black and rufous elephant ... 1984). Elephant-shrews, Order Macroscelidea. In : MacDonald (ed), The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Facts on File Publications, New ... 142-152 G. B. Rathbun (1979), "The social structure and ecology of elephant-shrews", Journal of Comparative Ethology, 20: 1-77 ...
... is a genus of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae. It contains the following species: Short-snouted ... Cape elephant shrew (E.edwardii) Dusky-footed elephant shrew (E. fuscipes) Dusky elephant shrew (E. fuscus) Bushveld elephant ... shrew (E. intufi) Eastern rock elephant shrew (E. myurus) Karoo rock elephant shrew (E. pilicaudus) Somali elephant shrew (E. ... revoili) North African elephant shrew (E. rozeti) Rufous elephant shrew (E. rufescens) Western rock elephant shrew (E. ...
Often called elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews) Genus: ... zanzibaricus LC Genus: Rhynchocyon Black and rufous elephant shrew Rhynchocyon petersi ssp. adersi VU Bats are the only true ... Family: Soricidae (musk shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Greater red musk shrew Crocidura flavescens ssp. ... sansibarica LC Savanna path shrew Crocidura viaria ssp. suahelae LC Genus: Suncus Asian house shrew Suncus murinus LC ...
"Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Round-Eared Sengis or Elephant-Shrews, Genus Macroscelides (Mammalia, Afrotheria, Macroscelidea ... Namib round-eared sengi or Namib round-eared elephant shrew) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae found ... Corbet, G.B.; Hanks, J. (1968). "A revision of the elephant-shrews, family Macroscelididae". Bulletin of the British Museum ( ...
"Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Round-Eared Sengis or Elephant-Shrews, Genus Macroscelides (Mammalia, Afrotheria, Macroscelidea ... The round-eared elephant shrew (Macroscelides proboscideus) or round-eared sengi (called the Karoo round-eared elephant shrew ... "short-eared elephant shrew"), is a species of elephant shrew (sengi) in the family Macroscelididae. It is found in Botswana, ... Elephant shrews are among only a handful of monogamous mammals, making them a model group for the study of monogamy. They have ...
... a possible origin for elephant-shrews". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 21: 535-546. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2001)021[0535: ... Tabuce, R.; Coiffait, B.; Coiffait, P.-E.; Mahboubi, M.; Jaeger, J.-J. (2001). "A new genus of Macroscelidea (Mammalia) from ... An exception to the scarcity of Eocene phenacodontids is the dog-sized genus Meniscotherium, whose fossils are very abundant. ...
Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Rufous elephant shrew Elephantulus rufescens LC The order ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Bailey's shrew Crocidura baileyi NT Bottego's shrew ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Loxodonta African bush elephant Loxodonta africana VU The order Primates contains ... viaria LC Voi shrew Crocidura voi LC Yankari shrew Crocidura yankariensis LC Zaphir's shrew Crocidura zaphiri DD Genus: Suncus ...
Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Elephas Asian elephant Elephas maximus EN The treeshrews are small mammals native to ... Although called treeshrews, they are not true shrews and are not all arboreal. Family: Tupaiidae (tree shrews) Genus: Tupaia ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Southeast Asian shrew Crocidura fuliginosa LR/lc ... Genus: Cuon Dhole Cuon alpinus EN Family: Ursidae (bears) Genus: Ursus Asiatic black bear Ursus thibetanus VU Genus: Helarctos ...
Soricini Genus: Sorex Tien Shan shrew Sorex asper LR/lc Lesser striped shrew Sorex bedfordiae LR/lc Laxmann's shrew Sorex ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Elephas Indian elephant Elephas maximus indicus EN The treeshrews are small mammals ... Nectogale Elegant water shrew Nectogale elegans LR/lc Genus: Neomys Eurasian water shrew Neomys fodiens LR/lc Genus: ... lc Chinese highland shrew Sorex excelsus DD Slender shrew Sorex gracillimus LR/lc Taiga shrew Sorex isodon LR/lc Kozlov's shrew ...
The closest living relatives of the aardvark are the elephant shrews, tenrecs and golden moles. Along with the sirenians, ... in which it is usually considered to form one variable species of the genus Orycteropus, the sole surviving genus in the family ... It is the only living species of the order Tubulidentata, although other prehistoric species and genera of Tubulidentata are ... The earliest example from the Orycteropus genus was the Orycteropus mauritanicus found in Algeria in deposits from the middle ...
Family: Macroscelididae (elephant shrews) Genus: Elephantulus North African elephant shrew Elephantulus rozeti LC The elephants ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Cyrenaica shrew Crocidura aleksandrisi LC Genus: Suncus ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Loxodonta North African elephant Loxodonta africana pharaoensis EX The hyraxes are any ... the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated ...
... the superordinal clade of endemic African mammals that includes elephant shrews, aardvarks, golden moles, elephants and ... The penis of the bush hyrax is complex and distinct from that of the other hyrax genera. It has a short, thin appendage within ... Hyrax comes from the Greek word ὕρακ, or shrew-mouse. Heterohyrax is a bush hyrax, as opposed to a rock hyrax (Procavia ... Furthermore, the male sex organs also differ greatly between these three genera of hyraxes which may inhibit them from ...
... elephant-shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Somali elephant shrew Elephantulus revoili DD Rufous elephant shrew Elephantulus rufescens ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Greenwood's shrew Crocidura greenwoodi LC MacArthur's shrew ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Loxodonta African bush elephant Loxodonta africana VU Sirenia is an order of fully ... DD Desert musk shrew Crocidura smithii LC Somali shrew Crocidura somalica LC Savanna path shrew Crocidura viaria LC Voi shrew ...
Family: Macroscelididae (elephant shrews) Genus: Elephantulus North African elephant shrew Elephantulus rozeti LC Rodents make ... Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Greater white-toothed shrew Crocidura russula LC Whitaker's shrew Crocidura whitakeri LC Genus: ... the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated ... The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers. Family: Soricidae (shrews) ...
Family: Macroscelididae (elephant shrews) Genus: Rhynchocyon Checkered elephant shrew Rhynchocyon cirnei NT The hyraxes are any ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Hun shrew Crocidura attila LC Long-footed shrew Crocidura ... Suncus Least dwarf shrew Suncus infinitesimus LC Remy's pygmy shrew Suncus remyi LC Genus: Sylvisorex Johnston's forest shrew ... Crocidura roosevelti LC Turbo shrew Crocidura turba LC Voi shrew Crocidura voi LC Yankari shrew Crocidura yankariensis LC Genus ...
This parasite was rediscovered several years later by a United States Naval Medical Research Unit in elephant shrews caught in ... Plasmodium brodeni is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium subgenus Vinckeia. Like all Plasmodium species P. brodeni has both ... The only known host is the elephant shrew (Petrodomus and Elephantulus species). Heisch RB (1954) Presence of Plasmodium ... J. 31(6):263-264 Hoogstral, Harry; Huff, Clay; Lawless, Deaner (1950). "A malarial parasite of the African elephant shrew, ...
Family: Macroscelididae (elephant shrews) Genus: Elephantulus North African elephant shrew Elephantulus rozeti LC The hyraxes ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Mauritanian shrew Crocidura lusitania LC Greater white- ... shrew Crocidura russula LC Lesser white-toothed shrew Crocidura suaveolens LR/lc Whitaker's shrew Crocidura whitakeri LC Genus ... the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated ...
... the elephant birds (Aepyornithidae), and giant tortoises. Madagascar's high plateau forests have been altered by humans in most ... Endemic species also included succulents in the genera Aloe and Kalanchoe. Large areas are now covered by grassland, but the ... and a number of shrews, tenrecs, and rodents. The subhumid forests were formerly home to the island's distinct megafauna, ...
X, (1912) On the African Shrews belonging to the Genus Crocidura; The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8th series (1915 ... B0014IP87W A new Elephant Shrew from Zanzibar; The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8th Series, Vol. ... a subspecies of the rufous elephant shrew; In 1912, Dollman classified Rhynchocyon petersi adersi, a subspecies of the black ... and rufous elephant shrew; In 1915, Dollman classified Crocidura olivieri zuleika, a subspecies of the African giant shrew; In ...
... elephant-shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Short-snouted elephant shrew Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC Rufous elephant shrew ... Checkered elephant shrew Rhynchocyon cirnei NT Black and rufous elephant shrew Rhynchocyon petersi LC Grey-faced elephant shrew ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Loxodonta African bush elephant Loxodonta africana VU African forest elephant Loxodonta ... Suncus Least dwarf shrew Suncus infinitesimus LC Greater dwarf shrew Suncus lixus LC Lesser dwarf shrew Suncus varilla LC Genus ...
... elephant shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Short-snouted elephant shrew Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC Bushveld elephant shrew ... intufi LC Eastern rock elephant shrew Elephantulus myurus LC Western rock elephant shrew Elephantulus rupestris LC Genus: ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Reddish-gray musk shrew Crocidura cyanea LC Bicolored musk ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Loxodonta African bush elephant Loxodonta africana VU The order Primates contains ...
... elephant-shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Short-snouted elephant shrew Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC Rufous elephant shrew ... Petrodromus Four-toed elephant shrew Petrodromus tetradactylus LC Genus: Rhynchocyon Golden-rumped elephant shrew Rhynchocyon ... Suncus Least dwarf shrew Suncus infinitesimus LC Greater dwarf shrew Suncus lixus LC Genus: Sylvisorex Grant's forest shrew ... Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura East African highland shrew Crocidura allex LC Bottego's shrew Crocidura bottegi DD Elgon shrew ...
Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Grey shrew Crocidura attenuata LR/lc Southeast Asian shrew ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Elephas Asian elephant Elephas maximus EN Family: Dugongidae Genus: Dugong Dugong ... Although called treeshrews, they are not true shrews and are not all arboreal. Family: Tupaiidae (tree shrews) Genus: Tupaia ... Nectogale Elegant water shrew Nectogale elegans LR/lc Genus: Soriculus Hodgson's brown-toothed shrew Soriculus caudatus LR/lc ...
... elephant shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Short-snouted elephant shrew Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC Bushveld elephant shrew ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: Crocidura Reddish-gray musk shrew Crocidura cyanea LC Heather shrew ... Elephantulus intufi LC Western rock elephant shrew Elephantulus rupestris LC Genus: Petrodromus Four-toed elephant shrew ... Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Loxodonta African bush elephant Loxodonta africana VU Sirenia is an order of fully ...
... elephant-shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Short-snouted elephant shrew Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC Dusky elephant shrew ... Petrodromus Four-toed elephant shrew Petrodromus tetradactylus LC Genus: Rhynchocyon Checkered elephant shrew Rhynchocyon ... Suncus Greater dwarf shrew Suncus lixus LC Lesser dwarf shrew Suncus varilla LC Genus: Sylvisorex Climbing shrew Sylvisorex ... Family: Soricidae (shrews) Subfamily: Crocidurinae Genus: krocidill Reddish-gray musk shrew Crocidura cyanea LC Bicolored musk ...
Elephant shrews (Macroscelidea)[edit]. *The elephant shrews are named for their combination of long, trunk-like snouts and long ... and sabertooths of genus Amphimachairodus (e.g., A. kabir, with an estimated mass of 350-490 kg (770-1,080 lb).[36] ... This elephant shrew can range up to 0.75 kg (1.7 lb) and a length of 0.6 m (2.0 ft).[69][70] ... Tree shrews (Scandentia)[edit]. *The largest of the tree shrews seems to be the common treeshrew (Tupaia glis), at up to 187 g ...