A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.
A genus of plant viruses in the family CLOSTEROVIRIDAE containing highly flexuous filaments. Some members are important pathogens of crop plants. Natural vectors include APHIDS, whiteflies, and mealybugs. The type species is Beet yellows virus.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Diseases of plants.
A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.
A flavanone glycoside found in CITRUS fruit peels.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that produces the familiar grapefruit. There is evidence that grapefruit inhibits CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP3A4, resulting in delayed metabolism and higher blood levels of a variety of drugs.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain ponfolin, a coumarin (COUMARINS).
A group of 4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A group of degraded TRITERPENES in which the four terminal carbons of the C17 side chain have been removed, and the remaining portion often forming C17 furans.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus XANTHOMONAS, which causes citrus cankers and black rot in plants.
Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons which contain one or more double bonds in the ring. The cyclohexadienes are not aromatic, in contrast to BENZOQUINONES which are sometimes called 2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-diones.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
A genus in the family XANTHOMONADACEAE whose cells produce a yellow pigment (Gr. xanthos - yellow). It is pathogenic to plants.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
A group of pathogens comprising the smallest known agents of infectious disease. They are unencapsulated and are capable of replicating autonomously in susceptible cells. Positively identified viroids composed of single-stranded RNA have been isolated from higher plants, but the existence of DNA viroids pathogenic to animals is suspected.
Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
A plant family in the order Sapindales that grows in warmer regions and has conspicuous flowers.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain quinoline alkaloids.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Some members of Zanthoxylum are reclassified from ELEUTHEROCOCCUS, Melicope, and EVODIA. The twigs are used as dental brushing sticks (TOOTHBRUSHING). Most plants that are called Fagara have been reclassified as Zanthoxylum, however some Fagara were reclassified to MELICOPE (also in the Rutacea family) or to GLEDITSIA (a genus in the FABACEAE family).
Those nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity which are located within the CHLOROPLAST DNA.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
Water swollen, rigid, 3-dimensional network of cross-linked, hydrophilic macromolecules, 20-95% water. They are used in paints, printing inks, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications.
A plant genus of subsucculent annual or perennial plants in the family BALSAMINACEAE, order Geraniales.
The immature stage in the life cycle of those orders of insects characterized by gradual metamorphosis, in which the young resemble the imago in general form of body, including compound eyes and external wings; also the 8-legged stage of mites and ticks that follows the first moult.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
An araliaceous genus of plants that contains a number of pharmacologically active agents used as stimulants, sedatives, and tonics, especially in traditional medicine. Sometimes confused with Siberian ginseng (ELEUTHEROCOCCUS).
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A group of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of carboxyl- or carbamoyl- groups. EC 2.1.3.
A mixed-function oxygenase that catalyzes the hydroxylation of peptidyllysine, usually in protocollagen, to peptidylhydroxylysine. The enzyme utilizes molecular oxygen with concomitant oxidative decarboxylation of the cosubstrate 2-oxoglutarate to succinate. EC 1.14.11.4.
Sympathetic alpha-adrenergic agonist with actions like PHENYLEPHRINE. It is used as a vasoconstrictor in circulatory failure, asthma, nasal congestion, and glaucoma.
A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
A non-steroidal estrogen antagonist.
Genus: Citrus Species: C. tangerina Binomial name Citrus tangerina. Tanaka. The tangerine (Citrus tangerina)[1] is a group of ... Department of Citrus, Florida Administrative Code". State of Florida. Retrieved 14 May 2015.. ... Australian and Papuan citrus. (Microcitrus, Eromocitrus, Clymenia and Oxanthera subgenera). *Australian outback lime ... The adjective was applied to the fruit, once known scientifically as "Citrus nobilis var. tangeriana" which grew in the region ...
Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis, is the largest citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family. It is a natural (non-hybrid) citrus ... Main article: Citrus taxonomy. The pomelo is one of the original citrus species from which the rest of cultivated citrus ... The pomelo is one of the original citrus species from which the rest of cultivated citrus hybridized. The popular fruit is used ... Citrus maxima is usually grafted onto other citrus rootstocks, but may be grown from seed. ...
... all those referred to it as a citrus. Swingle's system of citrus classification would put kumquats into a separate genus, ... Citrus poonensis (ponkan orange), a similarly sized sweet orange from China. References[edit]. *^ a b (07-10-2008). "Citrus x ... Calamansi (Citrus × microcarpa),[2] also known as calamondin,[3] Philippine lime,[4] or Philippine lemon,[5] is an economically ... Phylogenetic analysis now places the kumquat within the same genus as other citrus, meaning that its hybrids, including those ...
... a section of the genus Citrus : Revisio Aurantiacearum XIII" (pdf). Bulletin of the University of Osaka Prefecture. Ser. B, ... Sudachi (Citrus sudachi; Japanese: スダチ or 酢橘) is a small, round, green citrus fruit of Japanese origin that is a specialty of ... スダチ (Citrus sudachi)の含有成分並びに血糖値上昇抑制作用について. [Beneficial Effects of Long-term Administration of Citrus sudachi on blood glucose ... Technique of quality control for Sudachi (Citrus sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice by high
"RHS Plantfinder - Citrus × limon 'Meyer'". Retrieved 30 January 2018.. *^ "RHS Plantfinder - Citrus × limon 'Variegata'". ... Citrus anrantifolia, and Citrus limonum". Org Med Chem Lett. 4: 5. doi:10.1186/2191-2858-4-5. PMC 4091952. PMID 25024932.. CS1 ... "New Zealand Citrus". ceventura.ucdavis.edu. Retrieved June 13, 2010.. *^ Rauf A, Uddin G, Ali J (2014). "Phytochemical analysis ... Vaiegated pink at the Citrus Variety Collection. *^ "Taste of a thousand lemons". Los Angeles Times. September 8, 2004. ...
Citrus: the genus citrus. CRC Press. pp. 577ff. ISBN 978-0-415-28491-2. Zhou HY, Shin EM, Guo LY, Zou LB, Xu GH, Lee SH, et al ... Imbesi A, de Pascuale A (2002). "Citrus species and their essential oils in traditional medicine". In Giovanni Dugo, Angelo Di ...
The lemon is the common name for Citrus limon. A lemon is a yellow citrus fruit. It is related to the orange. Lemon juice is ... The lemon is a small tree (Citrus limon) that is green even in the winter. It came from Asia, and is also the name of the ... Genus: Citrus. Species: C. limon. Binomial name Citrus limon. (L.) Burm.f. ...
Genetická štúdia naznačuje, že ide o kríženca medzi Citrus aurantium a Citrus medica.[5][6] Bol introdukovaný do Talianska v 2 ... Genetic origin of cultivated citrus determined: Researchers find evidence of origins of orange, lime, lemon, grapefruit, other ... Citrus limon - Plant Finder [online]. missouribotanicalgarden.org, [cit. 2019-02-06]. Dostupné online. (po anglicky). ... Citrus limon - Lemon Tree [online]. w110.bcn.cat, [cit. 2019-02-06]. Dostupné online. ...
... is a genus of scale insects in the family Diaspididae, the armored scale insects. Several species are pests of ... citrus. Species include: Aonidiella abietina Aonidiella araucariae Aonidiella atlantorum Aonidiella aurantii - California red ...
The larvae feed on Citrus sinensis. Dalceridae genus list Miller, S.E., 1994: Systematics of the Neotropical moth family ...
... is a species of swallowtail butterfly from the genus Papilio that is found in Ecuador. Tailless. The females ... Larvae are found on Citrus. Papilio at Funet Jordan, K. , in Seitz, A. ( 1907) . The Macrolepidoptera of the World. 5: The ...
The leaves produce a distinctive citrus aroma. The inflorescence is a wide cluster of flower heads, each enveloped in an ... Classification is disputed between the genera Pseudognaphalium and Gnaphalium. California rabbit tobacco Also California ...
"Citrus Growers Manufacture Huge Amounts of DMT". "Citrus Genus Plants Contain N-Methylated Tryptamine Derivatives and Their 5- ... Servillo, L; Giovane, A; Balestrieri, ML; Casale, R; Cautela, D; Castaldo, D (May 2013). "Citrus genus plants contain N- ... "N-methylated tryptamine derivatives in citrus genus plants: identification of N,N,N-trimethyltryptamine in bergamot". Journal ... DMT in leaves Citrus limon, DMT, N-Methylated tryptamine derivative in leaves Citrus sinesis,DMT, N-Methylated tryptamine ...
In modern Hebrew, hadar refers to the genus Citrus. Nachmanides (1194 - c. 1270) suggests that the word was the original Hebrew ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Citrus Propagation by Ultimate Citrus Fact Sheet HS-86 June 1994 by the University of ... Citrus medica L.) and Other Citrus Species: Morphology, Physiology, and Chemical Control with Picloram". American Journal of ... Citrus fruits, other than an etrog or citron hybrid like the bergamot, usually do not preserve their pitam. On the occasions ...
... also occurs in several plants of genus Citrus. In the late 1950s, Japanese researchers isolated a toxic compound ... "N-Methylated Derivatives of Tyramine in Citrus Genus Plants: Identification of N,N,N-Trimethyltyramine (Candicine)". Journal of ...
Most of the names introduced in Centuria Insectorum are still in use, albeit in different genera; in a few cases, it is not ... Martin H. Muma (1955). "Lady beetles (Coccinellidae: Coleoptera) found on Citrus in Florida". The Florida Entomologist. 38 (3 ... "Genus Dolichovespula Rohwer". Checklist of the species in the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae). November 29 ... "Genus: Omocerus Chevrolat, 1835". Cassidinae of the world - an interactive manual (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). University of ...
Their major host plant is citrus. Research indicates high affinity of the female for Citrus unshiu. There are various ... Most species in the genus Papilio exclusively use rutaceous plants (rutaceae) as host plant, and Papilio protenor is a ...
Citrus juice contains small amounts of oxalic acid. Citrus fruits produced in organic agriculture contain less oxalic acid than ... Plants of the genus Fenestraria produce optical fibers made from crystalline oxalic acid to transmit light to subterranean ... Its name comes from the fact that early investigators isolated oxalic acid from flowering plants of the genus Oxalis, commonly ... "Organic Acids Concentration in Citrus Juice from Conventional versus Organic Farming". Acta Horticulturae. 933: 601-606. doi: ...
Die nartjie (Citrus tangerina)[1] is 'n oranjekleurige sitrusvrug wat nou verwant is aan die mandaryn (Citrus reticulata). ... "Classification of Citrus" (PDF).. *↑ Tshering Penjor, Masashi Yamamoto, Miki Uehara, Manami Ide, Natsumi Matsumoto, Ryoji ... Taksonomies, kan dit as 'n subspesie of variant van Citrus reticulata beskou word.[2][3][4] Nartjies is kleiner as gewone ... "Pittman & Davis - Premium Citrus Fruit Gifts - Why Are Tangerines So Tangy?". Pittmandavis.com. Verkry op 2012-11-17.. ...
It is the only member of the monotypic genus Cryptastichus. It is a parasitoid of the citrus leafminer (Phyllocnistis citrella ...
It was first isolated from members of the genus Citrus. Auraptene has shown some effect as a chemopreventative agent against ...
The citrus genus Murraya is named for Johan Andreas Murray. Murray was the author of many treatises and translations, which ...
The caterpillars feed on the leaves of citrus plants (Rutaceae). They have also been reported as feeding on a member of the ... genus Piper. Adult Thoas swallowtails fly year round in the tropics, feeding on nectar of a variety of flowers, including ...
The genus Lampropholis was previously found to belong to a clade with the genera Niveoscincus, Leiolopisma and others of the ... no citrus fruit). Garden skinks rely purely on the movement of their prey when hunting. When hunting, the skinks will either ... Lampropholis, the Indo-Australian ground skinks or sunskinks, are a genus of skinks in the lizard subfamily Eugongylinae. ... Wells RW (2002). "Some Taxonomic Changes to the Genus Lampropholis (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Australia" Archived 2011-07-08 at ...
Citropsis, a new tropical African genus allied to Citrus. 1914. Eremocitrus. 1914. Chronologic list of the dissertations of ... New citrus hybrids. 1931. Quarantine procedure to safeguard the introduction of citrus plants : a system of aseptic plant ... Much of his research is published in the five-volume book, The Citrus Industry, of which he wrote a significant portion. An ... He developed the tangelo citrus hybrid in 1897 in Eustis, Florida. He made several visits to the Mediterranean countries of ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae. General common names for the genus include ... which includes the genus Citrus. It is one of several genera in the subtribe Triphasiinae, which are known technically as the ... Chapter 3: The Botany of Citrus and its Wild Relatives. Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine In: The Citrus Industry vol ... Citrus Variety Collection. College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences. University of California, Riverside. Stone, B.C. (1985 ...
... such as the genus Calocedrus, meaning "beautiful cedar" (also known as "incense cedar"). Several species of genera Calocedrus, ... The name was similarly applied to citron and the word citrus is derived from the same root. However, as a loan word in English ... for different species of plants now classified in the genera Cedrus and Juniperus (juniper). Species of both genera are native ... "Thuja Genus (arborvitae)". American Conifer Society. several species are widely known as cedar but, because they are not true ...
Historically they were viewed as falling within the genus Citrus, but the Swingle system of citrus taxonomy elevated them to ... eds.). The Citrus Genus. Elsevier. pp. 57-81. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-812163-4.00004-8. ISBN 9780128121634. Plants & Gardens. ... They were previously classified as forming the now-historical genus Fortunella, or placed within Citrus, sensu lato. The edible ... "Growing citrus -- in Orangeburg! It takes work, but he has made it happen". Retrieved 3 March 2021. "RHS Plantfinder - Citrus ...
It is in the subfamily Aurantioideae, which also includes genus Citrus. It is a genus of the subtribe Clauseninae, which are ... Glycosmis is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae and tribe Clauseneae. ... Swingle, W.T.; Reece, P.C. (1967). "3: The Botany of Citrus and its Wild Relatives". In Webber, H.J. (ed.). The Citrus Industry ... The distribution of the genus includes Southeast Asia and Australia. Plants of the genus are shrubs and small trees. New growth ...
The larvae feed on mango and citrus species. They feed in groups on dying flower parts under light webbing. The larvae are ... Cryptoblabes plagioleuca, the mango-flower moth, blossom moth or mango-flower webber, is a species of snout moth in the genus ...
Citrus paradisi Macfad and Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck». Journal of Essential Oil Research. doi:10.1080/10412905.1995.9698477. ... Seebaluck, R.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, F.. «Medicinal plants from the genus Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae)-A review of their ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Demarne, F.. «Aromatic Plants of Mauritius: Volatile Constituents of the Leaf Oils of Citrus aurantium L., ...
Marloth, Rudolf (1913-1932). The Flora of South Africa: With Synopical Tables of the Genera of the Higher Plants. 6 vols. Cape ... Citrus leaves with translucent glands[17]. A structurally complete leaf of an angiosperm consists of a petiole (leaf stalk), a ... genus or species levels, and botanists have developed a rich terminology for describing leaf characteristics. Leaves almost ...
... or even citrus. Many trees in the genus Celtis are grown for landscaping and ornamental purposes. Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards ... The young shoots are used as vegetable.[citation needed] Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the ... As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about 11 genera, including Cannabis (hemp, marijuana), ... 2017). "Cannabaceae Genera". Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Retrieved 4 April 2017. "!!Cannabaceae Martinov". Tropicos. 2017. ...
Citrus greening is a bacterial disease vectored by the invasive Asian citrus psyllid (ACP). Because of the impacts of this ... For example, some species in the genus Pseudo-nitzschia are smaller than 10 microns in width and contain domoic acid, a ... Diseases may also be vectored by invasive insects such as the Asian citrus psyllid and the bacterial disease citrus greening.[ ... disease on citrus crops, citrus is under quarantine and highly regulated in areas where ACP has been found.[98] ...
... is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits, ... Citrus medica - Citron. Citrus reticulata - Mandarin orange. Citrus micrantha - a papeda. Citrus hystrix - Kaffir lime. Citrus ... Citrus × limon - Lemon. Citrus × limonia - Rangpur. Citrus × paradisi - Grapefruit. Citrus × sinensis - Sweet orange. Citrus × ... About 7 million years ago, the ancestors of Citrus split into the main genus, Citrus, and the genus Poncirus (such as the ...
Internal damage to apple, pear, and citrus fruits is less common, but a young larva may enter the interior of an apple or pear ... Genus:. Epiphyas. Species:. E. postvittana. Binomial name. Epiphyas postvittana. (Walker, 1863)[1]. ... fruit through the calyx or beneath the stem of a citrus fruit. Excreta are usually ejected on to the outside of the fruit. ...
Hawkweed (Hieracium), dandelion (Taraxacum), some citrus (Citrus) and many grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) ... Examples of plants that use keikis are the phalaenopsis, epidendrum, and dendrobium genera of orchids. ... Additional offshoots which develop on vegetative stems or flower stalks of several orchids genera. ...
... various Citrus species contain significant amounts of bergapten,[3] especially the papeda Citrus micrantha, the bergamot orange ... For example, bergapten has been extracted from 24 species of the genus Heracleum in the family Apiaceae.[1][2] In the family ... "The Distribution of Coumarins and Furanocoumarins in Citrus Species Closely Matches Citrus Phylogeny and Reflects the ... In particular, bergapten appears to be the primary phototoxic compound responsible for Citrus-induced phytophotodermatitis.[3] ...
The foliage has a citrus-like spicy aromatic quality, and can be used to flavor beer. It is a flowering plant with ... The species name, "americanus" simply indicates that this is an American species of this genus, differentiating it from the ...
... kumquat Citrus limon - lemon Citrus medica - citron Citrus paradisi - grapefruit Citrus reticulata - mandarin Citrus sinensis ... Taxonomic families for the following trees and shrubs are listed in alphabetical order, likewise the genera and closely related ... and kumquats Citrus aurantiifolia - lime Citrus aurantium - sour orange Citrus grandis - shaddock; pumelo Citrus japonica ( ... Cape chestnut Citrus - oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruits, ...
Annona muricata (common Spanish name: guanábana) is a species of the genus Annona of the custard apple tree family, Annonaceae ... and sour citrus flavor notes, contrasting with an underlying creamy texture reminiscent of coconut or banana. ... It is in the same genus, Annona, as cherimoya and is in the Annonaceae family. ...
The most economically important genus in the family is Citrus, which includes the orange (C. × sinensis), lemon (C. × limon), ... Other large genera include Zanthoxylum, Melicope, and Agathosma. About 160 genera are in the family Rutaceae. ... The genus Pilocarpus has species (P. jaborandi, and P. microphyllus from Brazil, and P. pennatifolius from Paraguay) from which ... The Rutaceae are a family, commonly known as the rue[3] or citrus family,[4] of flowering plants, usually placed in the order ...
Dyer, R. Allen, "The Genera of Southern African Flowering Plants", Vol 2. ISBN 0-621-02863-0, 1976 ... sharpened branches (e.g. in Carissa, Citrus, Crataegus),. *spiky inflorescences (Tylecodon),[13] ...
... is a member of the genus Capsicum, and is one of the five domesticated pepper species. The fruit tends to be ... The pods typically hang down, unlike a Capsicum frutescens plant, and can have a citrus or fruity flavor. ...
... is a genus of deciduous trees known as baobabs. They are native to the regions of Madagascar and mainland Africa.[2] ... citrus flavor.[23] It is a good source of vitamin C, potassium, carbohydrates, and phosphorus.[24] ... "Genus: Adansonia L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 12 November 2008. ... "Morphology, ploidy and molecular phylogenetics reveal a new diploid species from Africa in the baobab genus Adansonia ( ...
... is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits, ... Citrus × limon - Lemon. Citrus × limonia - Rangpur. Citrus × paradisi - Grapefruit. Citrus × sinensis - Sweet orange. Citrus × ... Citrus medica - Citron. Citrus micrantha - Papeda. Citrus reticulata - Mandarin orange. Important hybrids:. Citrus × ... Chinotto - Citrus ×aurantium var. myrtifolia or Citrus ×myrtifolia. *ChungGyun - Citrus reticulata cultivar[verification needed ...
Genus:. 'Citrus'. Species:. ''C. limetta''. દ્વિનામી નામ. Citrus limetta. Risso. મોસંબી એ ખટ-મીઠું રસાળ ફળ છે. સાઈટ્રસ ...
Leaves of the curry tree (Murraya koenigii) are eaten, those of kaffir lime (Citrus × hystrix) (in Thai food)[120] and ... In: Klaus Kubitzki (general editor); Karl U. Kramer and Peter S. Green (volume editors) The Families and Genera of Vascular ... Apples, pears, plums, cherries and citrus are all grown commercially in temperate climates and a wide range of edible fruits ...
For other cultivated and wild species of the genus, see Avena.. Oat ...
At harvest time, gardeners usually dig up potatoes with a long-handled, three-prong "grape" (or graip), i.e., a spading fork, or a potato hook, which is similar to the graip but with tines at a 90° angle to the handle. In larger plots, the plow is the fastest implement for unearthing potatoes. Commercial harvesting is typically done with large potato harvesters, which scoop up the plant and surrounding earth. This is transported up an apron chain consisting of steel links several feet wide, which separates some of the dirt. The chain deposits into an area where further separation occurs. Different designs use different systems at this point. The most complex designs use vine choppers and shakers, along with a blower system to separate the potatoes from the plant. The result is then usually run past workers who continue to sort out plant material, stones, and rotten potatoes before the potatoes are continuously delivered to a wagon or truck. Further inspection and separation occurs when the ...
Some plants also produce their own natural herbicides, such as the genus Juglans (walnuts), or the tree of heaven; such action ... D-limonene (citrus oil) is a natural degreasing agent that strips the waxy skin or cuticle from weeds, causing dehydration and ... In the UK, partially resistant grass weeds such as Alopecurus myosuroides (blackgrass) and Avena genus (wild oat) can often be ...
... cases of stamen fusion occur in some species of Cyclanthera in the family Cucurbitaceae and in section Cyclanthera of genus ...
Genera such as Rhynia have a similar life-cycle but have simple tracheids and so are a kind of vascular plant.[citation needed] ... The streptophyte algae (i.e. the streptophyte clade minus the land plants) are less diverse (with around 122 genera) and ... The chlorophytes are considerably more diverse (with around 700 genera) and were originally marine, although some groups have ... Genera such as Horneophyton have water-conducting tissue more like that of mosses, but a different life-cycle in which the ...
Genus: Cavemovirus Cassava vein mosaic virus Sweet potato collusive virus Genus: Petuvirus Petunia vein clearing virus Genus: ... Banana streak VN virus Bougainvillea chlorotic vein banding virus Cacao swollen shoot virus Canna yellow mottle virus Citrus ... Rosadnavirus Rose yellow vein virus Genus: Solendovirus Sweet potato vein clearing virus Tobacco vein clearing virus Genus: ... There are currently 53 species in this family, divided among 8 genera. Viruses belonging to the Caulimoviridae family are ...
Citrus pulp and pineapple wastes have been fed safely to buffalo. In Egypt, whole sun-dried dates are fed to milk buffalo up to ... Carl Linnaeus first described the genus Bos and the water buffalo under the binomial Bos bubalis in 1758; the species was known ... "Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, ... Phylogenetic relationship among all living species of the genus Bubalus based on DNA sequences of the cytochrome b gene. ...
Streptophyte algae are either unicellular or form multicellular filaments, branched or unbranched.[26] The genus Spirogyra is a ...
... in various subfamilies or genera. In the Aristida genus for example, one species (A. longifolia) is C3 but the approximately ... Lemongrass is a grass used as a culinary herb for its citrus-like flavor and scent. ... Clayton, W.D.; Renvoise, S.A. (1986). Genera Graminum: Grasses of the world. London: Royal Botanic Garden, Kew. ISBN ... Puelioideae L.G.Clark, M.Kobay., S.Mathews, Spangler & E.A.Kellogg, a small lineage of the African genus Puelia ...
... is increased by the botanical complexity of the citrus genus itself, to which the majority of limes belong. Species of this ... Key lime (Citrus × aurantifolia=Citrus micrantha × Citrus medica[5][6][7]) is also one of three most widely produced limes ... Citrus reticulata), the pomelo (Citrus maxima) and in particular with many lime varieties, the micrantha (Citrus micrantha). ... There are several species of citrus trees whose fruits are called limes, including the Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia), Persian ...
... , alternatively considered to be a cultivar of Citrus limon, C. limon 'Limetta',[1] is a species of citrus, ... It is a cross between the citron (Citrus medica) and a bitter orange (Citrus × aurantium).[2] ... Like most citrus, the fruit is rich in vitamin C, providing 50 mg per 100 g serving.[7] In Iran it is used to treat influenza ... 1995), Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (M.M.P.N.D): Sorting Citrus Names, The University of Melbourne. .mw-parser- ...
Summer sholarship to study Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus and related genera of the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae ... Closely related to the genus Citrus are several genera, which were recognized by Swingle. These include the genera Clymenia, ... Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus and related genera of the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae).. ... The genus Citrus itself has been variously described as consisting of from 1 to 162 species. The most widely accepted ...
The citrus phyloge-netic relationship and classification were discussed according to the cladistic relationship. ... from Swingle classification system is a monophyleticgroup, the sister-group of which is papeda(Citrus hystix),and the ... As a result of the cladistic analysis of the compatibility of 24 morphological charac-ters in 24 taxa of the genus Citrus,a ... STUDIES ON THE CYTOTAXONOMY OF CITRUS Ⅰ. Karyotype and evolution of 30 taxa of the genera Citrus[J];Journal of Wuhan Botanical ...
The capacity of infecting citrus hosts of several species was also confirmed by a preliminary survey that identified orange, ... CiVA genomic RNAs and the encoded proteins resemble those of the recently discovered citrus concave gum-associated virus (CCGaV ... CiVA genomic RNAs and the encoded proteins resemble those of the recently discovered citrus concave gum-associated virus (CCGaV ... in this new genus. By showing that the evolutionary origin of the MP of all the putative coguviruses likely differs from that ...
Within the bacterial community, phylum Proteobacteria with various genera typically known as successful rhizosphere colonizers ... L. asiaticus-infected citrus rhizosphere has shifted away from using more easily degraded sources of carbon to the more ... L. asiaticus-infected citrus rhizosphere. Our results showed that the microbial community of the Ca. ... In the long term, these fluctuations might have important implications for the productivity and sustainability of citrus- ...
Other promising essential oils are Citrus sinensis and bergamot oil, which showed certain clinical anxiolytic actions; along ... Citrus aurantium using different routes of administration also showed significant effects in several animal models, and was ... with Achillea wilhemsii, Alpinia zerumbet, Citrus aurantium, and Spiranthera odoratissima, which, like Lavendula angustifolia, ... Citrus Genus. 2.10.1. Citrus sp.. Umezu [93] studied the effect of acute administration (i.p.) of several essential oils in ...
Citrus can respond to drought stress conditions through endogenous hormonal regulation of water status and leaf abscission. In ... Water deficits affect citrus physiology, yield, fruit size and quality. ... Citrus and related genera. Halevy, A H eds. Handbook of FloweringCRC Press,Boca RatonFlorida,USAGoogle Scholar ... Climate and citrus behavior. Reuther, W eds. The Citrus IndustryUniv. California, Div. Agric. SciCalifornia,USAGoogle Scholar ...
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits, ... Citrus medica - Citron. Citrus reticulata - Mandarin orange. Citrus micrantha - a papeda. Citrus hystrix - Kaffir lime. Citrus ... Citrus × limon - Lemon. Citrus × limonia - Rangpur. Citrus × paradisi - Grapefruit. Citrus × sinensis - Sweet orange. Citrus × ... About 7 million years ago, the ancestors of Citrus split into the main genus, Citrus, and the genus Poncirus (such as the ...
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits, ... Citrus × limon - Lemon. Citrus × limonia - Rangpur. Citrus × paradisi - Grapefruit. Citrus × sinensis - Sweet orange. Citrus × ... Citrus medica - Citron. Citrus micrantha - Papeda. Citrus reticulata - Mandarin orange. Important hybrids:. Citrus × ... Chinotto - Citrus ×aurantium var. myrtifolia or Citrus ×myrtifolia. *ChungGyun - Citrus reticulata cultivar[verification needed ...
The primary goals of this study were: (i) to estimate the transferability within the genus Citrus of SNPs discovered from ... The ongoing International Citrus Genome Consortium sequencing project of the highly heterozygous Clementine and sweet orange ... The implemented SNP marker set will be very useful for comparative genetic mapping in Citrus and genetic association in C. ... Of these markers, 116 displayed incomplete transferability primarily in C. medica, C. maxima and wild Citrus species. The two ...
CiLV-C was long considered restricted to the genus Citrus, where species exhibit different grades of susceptibility, with sweet ... Citrus leprosis virus nuclear type (CiLV-N) is found in the nuclei and cytoplasm of infected cells, while Citrus leprosis virus ... CiLV-C is the type member of the new accepted genus Cilevirus. CiLV-C2 has been proposed as a new member of the genus Cilevirus ... Citrus leprosis (CL) is an economically important viral disease affecting citrus crops. This emerging disease is widely ...
Genus: Citrus • Species: Citrus sinensis L. (1753) ... Citrus sinensis in the National Botanic Garden of Belgium - ... 取自 "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Citrus_sinensis&oldid=319258730" ...
Genus: Citrus • Nothospecies: Citrus × limon (L.) Burm.f. (1768) ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Citrus_×_limon&oldid=250718741" ...
... near citrus including citrus-related genera like Atalantia, and the "true citrus", for the species that had historically been ... and graft hybrids within the genus Citrus and related genera, found in cultivation and in the wild. Citrus taxonomy is complex ... Swingle moved the trifoliate orange from Citrus to its own genus, Poncirus, but Mabberley and Zhang reunited the genera Swingle ... His genera are also dubious. Swingle had elevated kumquats into a separate genus Fortunella, while two genera were suggested by ...
Genus. Citrus L. - citrus Species. Citrus ×limon (L.) Burm. f. (pro sp.) [medica × aurantifolia] - lemon ... click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Citrus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... Citrus ×limon (L.) Burm. f. (pro sp.) [medica × aurantifolia] Show All. Show Tabs. lemon ...
This dwarf citrus tree is just the kick of zest to put your little garden on the map! Its bumpy fruit is flavorful and fragrant ... Citrus Kieffer Lime. Fragrant, Heavy-bearing, and Delicious!. Perfect for indoor growing!. * Genus: Citrus ... Citrus trees will ship at the appropriate planting time based on your growing zone. Citrus trees do not ship in December or ... Citrus trees will ship at the appropriate planting time based on your growing zone. Citrus trees do not ship in December or ...
Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the family Rutaceae. It originated in tropical and subtropical ... Citrus x latifolia - Persian Lime Citrus x limon - Lemon. Citrus x limonia - Rangpur. Citrus x paradisi - Grapefruit. Citrus x ... Citrus maxima - Pomelo. Citrus medica - Citron. Citrus reticulata - Mandarin orange & Tangerine Important hybrids:. Citrus x ... Citrus fruits usually have a sour taste but farmers grow more of the sweet ones. There are many types of citrus fruits in the ...
It is particularly recognized as a pest of vines and citrus in Japan,... ... The citrus flat mite is a pest of citrus, grapes and many ornamental plants. ... The genus Brevipalpus (Acarina:Pseudoleptidae). Am. Midl. Nat., 42(2):350-402 ... Top of page The citrus flat mite is a pest of citrus, grapes and many ornamental plants. It is particularly recognized as a ...
... markers in Citrus were developed and used to analyze chloroplast diversity of Citrus and closely related genera. Fourteen cpSSR ... A set of primers for analyzing chloroplast DNA diversity in Citrus and related genera. Publication Overview ... A set of primers for analyzing chloroplast DNA diversity in Citrus and related genera. ... A set of primers for analyzing chloroplast DNA diversity in Citrus and related genera. Tree physiology. 2005; 25(6):661-672.. ...
The lemon is the common name for Citrus limon. A lemon is a yellow citrus fruit. It is related to the orange. Lemon juice is ... The lemon is a small tree (Citrus limon) that is green even in the winter. It came from Asia, and is also the name of the ... Genus: Citrus. Species: C. limon. Binomial name Citrus limon. (L.) Burm.f. ...
Genus: Citrus Species: Citrus × aurantium Name[edit]. Citrus × aurantium L. (1754) *Formula hybridae: Citrus maxima (Burm.) ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Citrus × aurantium in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U ... Citrus × tangelo J.W.Ingram & H.E.Moore, Baileya 19(4): 169. 1975. ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Citrus_×_aurantium&oldid=3867299" ...
The Kieffer or Thai Lime is a dwarf citrus tree suitable for indoor growing that bears edible, bumpy 2-inch limes; both the ... Genus. Citrus. Species. hystrix. Item Form. Tree Sleeve. Zone. 9 - 11. Bloom Start to End. Early Spring - Late Spring. ...
Genus: Citrus Species: Citrus oleocarpa Name[edit]. Citrus oleocarpa Tanaka References[edit]. *Honzo (Herbal) 7:30. 1933 ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Citrus oleocarpa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Citrus_oleocarpa&oldid=5844361" ...
Citrus limetta, alternatively considered to be a cultivar of Citrus limon, C. limon Limetta,[1] is a species of citrus, ... It is a cross between the citron (Citrus medica) and a bitter orange (Citrus × aurantium).[2] ... Like most citrus, the fruit is rich in vitamin C, providing 50 mg per 100 g serving.[7] In Iran it is used to treat influenza ... 1995), Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (M.M.P.N.D): Sorting Citrus Names, The University of Melbourne. .mw-parser- ...
Citrus trifoliata) Flying Dragon supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles datab... ... cultivation information about Citrus, Japanese Hardy Orange, Bitter Orange ( ... Genus:. Citrus (SIT-rus) (Info). Species:. trifoliata (try-foh-lee-AY-tuh) (Info). ... Could there be a better plant for Citrus buffs with an eye for the bizarre? A cold hardy orange whos contorted form comes true ...
... s are edible fruits of plants belonging to Citrus of the rue family. They are widely cultivated since ancient times ... Citrus Fruit What is the binomial nomenclature for a lime. ?. There are many species, the genus is Citrus. See link. Citrus ... Citrus Fruit. Citrus fruits are edible fruits of plants belonging to Citrus of the rue family. They are widely cultivated since ... Asked in Citrus Fruit What is a small orange like fruit. ?. A Kumquat is a small citrus that resembles an orange. However, the ...
Genetická štúdia naznačuje, že ide o kríženca medzi Citrus aurantium a Citrus medica.[5][6] Bol introdukovaný do Talianska v 2 ... Genetic origin of cultivated citrus determined: Researchers find evidence of origins of orange, lime, lemon, grapefruit, other ... Citrus limon - Plant Finder [online]. missouribotanicalgarden.org, [cit. 2019-02-06]. Dostupné online. (po anglicky). ... Citrus limon - Lemon Tree [online]. w110.bcn.cat, [cit. 2019-02-06]. Dostupné online. ...
... composed of 160 genera and about 2,070 species. Rutaceae includes woody shrubs and trees (and a few herbaceous perennials) and ... Citrus. is the most important genus in the family; its fruits are an important source of vitamin C. A genus of small evergreen ... Citrus species include the lemon (Citrus ×limon), sour orange (C. ×aurantium), sweet orange (C. ×sinensis), lime (C. × ... Rutaceae, or the citrus, or rue, family, consists of shrubs, trees, and a few herbs. It has about 160 genera and some 1,800 ...
This methodology is a very useful tool to facilitate research focused on the reproductive biology of citrus and study the ... In citrus, a classical method of studying crossovers and segregation distortion (SD) is the genetic analysis of progenies. A ... In citrus, a classical method of studying crossovers and segregation distortion (SD) is the genetic analysis of progenies. A ... Krug, C. (1943). Chromosome number in the subfamily Aurantioideae with special reference to the genus Citrus. Bot. Gaz. 104, ...
database: Rutaceae of North America Update; Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010 ...
Genus. Citrus L. - citrus. Species. Citrus X paradisi Macfad. (pro. sp.) - paradise citrus, grapefruit. ... Citrus X paradisi Macfad. (pro. sp.). Taxonomic Serial No.: 28887 (Download Help) Citrus X paradisi TSN 28887 ...
  • Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Rutaceae , the rue family of flowering plants (order Sapindales ), composed of 160 genera and about 2,070 species. (britannica.com)
  • selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of. (statemaster.com)
  • Both belong to the family Rutaceae, but the genus and species differ. (gardenguides.com)
  • The term " Citrus " refers to a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Rutaceae family. (hindawi.com)
  • Grapefruit is a subtropical tree belonging to the family Rutaceae and the genus Citrus. (garden.org)
  • The genus Citrus (Rutaceae) is one of the ancient, most traded, and most popular crops. (mdpi.com)
  • In Vitro Evaluation of Essential Oils Derived from Piper nigrum (Piperaceae) and Citrus limonum (Rutaceae) against the Tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In Brazil, the Rutaceae family comprises about 38 genera and 22 species [13]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Orange trees, family Rutaceae and genus Citrus , are native to Vietnam, Southern China and Northwest India. (wildflower.org)
  • 608.54 Molecular Structure: Botanical Source: The dried immature fruit of Citrus aurantium L ., which belongs to Rutaceae. (ecplaza.net)
  • Lemon oil is obtained from the fruits of citrus Limonum, Risso (Rutaceae). (niir.org)
  • Citrus aurantium L. (bitter orange) is a flowering plant that belongs to the Rutaceae family of the order Sapindales , and is distributed widely in tropical and subtropical southeast regions of the world. (hindawi.com)
  • belongs to family Rutaceae comprising 140 genera and 1300 species distributed throughout the world. (springer.com)
  • The genus Citrus belongs to family Rutaceae, which is characterized by trees and bushes. (intechopen.com)
  • A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar grapefruit. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Citrus (family Rutaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. (umassmed.edu)
  • Citrus ×limon (L.) Burm. (usda.gov)
  • The lemon is a small tree ( Citrus limon ) that is green even in the winter . (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrónovník pravý , staršie Citrónovník limonový ( Citrus limon ) je druh malého subtropického vždyzeleného stromu z čeľade rutovité . (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus limon - Plant Finder [online]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus species include the lemon ( Citrus × limon ), sour orange ( C. × aurantium ), sweet orange ( C. × sinensis ), lime ( C. × aurantifolia ), tangerine and mandarin orange ( C. reticulata ), grapefruit ( C. × paradisi ), and citron ( C. medica ). (britannica.com)
  • Citrus limetta , alternatively considered to be a cultivar of Citrus limon , C. limon 'Limetta', [1] is a species of citrus , commonly known as mousambi , musambi , sweet lime , sweet lemon , and sweet limetta , it is a member of the sweet lemons . (wikipedia.org)
  • Micropropagation of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. (bionity.com)
  • A micropropagation protocol was developed for multiplication of seedless lemon (Citrus limon L. cv. (bionity.com)
  • The species Citrus aurantium, Citrus sinensis, Citrus limon, and Citrus bergamia are well known and several studies have been carried out to evaluate the pharmacological effects of their extracts, essential oils, and isolated constituents. (intechopen.com)
  • The best known citrus varieties are the sweet orange ( Citrus sinensis ), mandarin ( Citrus reticulata ), lemon ( Citrus limon ), grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi ) and pummelo ( Citrus grandis or Citrus maxima ). (nature.com)
  • Citrus aurantium using different routes of administration also showed significant effects in several animal models, and was corroborated by different research groups. (mdpi.com)
  • along with Achillea wilhemsii , Alpinia zerumbet , Citrus aurantium , and Spiranthera odoratissima , which, like Lavendula angustifolia , appear to exert anxiolytic-like effects without GABA/benzodiazepine activity, thus differing in their mechanisms of action from the benzodiazepines. (mdpi.com)
  • Genetická štúdia naznačuje, že ide o kríženca medzi Citrus aurantium a Citrus medica . (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a cross between the citron ( Citrus medica ) and a bitter orange ( Citrus × aurantium ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus aurantium L. (itis.gov)
  • Species & major hybrids Species Citrus maxima- Pomelo Citrus medica- Citron Citrus reticulata- Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus à sinensis- Sweet Orange Citrus à aurantium- Bitter Orange Citrus à paradisi- Grapefruit Citrus à limon- Lemon Citrus à latifolia- Persian lime Citrus à aurantifolia- Key lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus is a common term. (statemaster.com)
  • The oil of orange flowers, called neroli, is extracted from the fresh flowers of the citrus aurantium. (dictionary.com)
  • Citrus aurantium L Molecular Formula: C28H34O15 Molecular Mass: 610.56 CAS No: 520-26-3 Storage: Store in cool & dry place, Keep away. (ecplaza.net)
  • Citrus Aurantium Extract Function 1) a dietary supplement to support calorie burning 2) a stimulant, similar to caffeine and ephedrine. (ecplaza.net)
  • 3) sterilization Application Citrus aurantium Extract is used in terms of providing an energy boost, suppressing. (ecplaza.net)
  • Diosmin95% HPLC, Cas No.: 520-27-4, Citrus Aurantium P.E. (ecplaza.net)
  • The oil of sweet orange is obtained from the fruits of citrus Aurantium Risso and the oil of bitter orange from fruits of citrus Bigaradia Risso (Auranciacae). (niir.org)
  • This study examined whether the crude methanol extract of Citrus aurantium L. (CME) has a suppressive effect on inducible enzymes and proinflammatory cytokines by inhibiting the NF- B pathway in LPS-stimulated macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. (hindawi.com)
  • Citrus fruit including C. aurantium L. is composed of several components, such as limonoid, polyphenols, and flavonoids [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The major flavonoids isolated from Citrus aurantium L. are hesperidin, naringenin, and nobiletin [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • For example, limonene, which is present in high concentrations in Citrus aurantium , showed a strong anxiolytic effect when tested in both animals and humans [ 3 , 4 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • Two species, Citrus aurantium and Citrus reticulata, are particularly useful. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The preparations used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), also known as Zhi Shi, are the immature and dried whole oranges from Citrus aurantium (Fructus Aurantii Immaturus). (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus sinensis in the National Botanic Garden of Belgium - Meise ( Belgium ). (wikimedia.org)
  • The scientific name for the orange tree is citrus sinensis. (answers.com)
  • Orange essential oil is cold pressed from the peels of the fruit of the Citrus sinensis tree. (eoproducts.com)
  • Oranges ( Citrus sinensis ) are the citrus fruit we are most familiar with. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Segregation data for 123 Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. (scielo.br)
  • Carimi F, Tortorici MC, De Pasquale F', Somatic GF (1998) embryogenesis and plant regeneration from undeveloped ovules and stigma/style explant of sweet orange navel group [ Citrus sinensis (L.) Qsb. (springer.com)
  • Grosser JW, Gmitter FG Jr, Chandler JL (1988) Intergeneric somatic hybrid plants of Citrus sinensis CV. (springer.com)
  • Moiseeva NA, Serebryakova VN, Nardi L, Lucretti S, Butenko RG (2006) Organization of initial stages of somatic embryogenesis in tissue culture of Citrus sinensis cv. (springer.com)
  • Fifty-four accessions covering the main Citrus species and 52 interspecific hybrids between pummelo and Clementine were genotyped on a GoldenGate array platform using 1,457 SNPs mined from Clementine BES and 37 SNPs identified between and within C. maxima, C. medica, C. reticulata and C. micrantha . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The implemented SNP marker set will be very useful for comparative genetic mapping in Citrus and genetic association in C. reticulata . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Of these ten, seven were native to Asia: pomelo (Citrus maxima), the 'pure' mandarins (C. reticulata - most mandarin cultivars were hybrids of this species with pomelo), citrons (C. medica), micranthas (C. micrantha), the Ichang papeda (C. cavaleriei), the mangshanyegan (C. mangshanensis), and the oval (Nagami) kumquat (Fortunella margarita or C. japonica var. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three most predominant ancestral citrus taxa are citron (C. medica), pomelo (C. maxima), and mandarin (C. reticulata). (wikipedia.org)
  • Taksonomies, kan dit as 'n subspesie of variant van Citrus reticulata beskou word. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mandarin ( Citrus reticulata ), or mandarin orange, is one of the oldest citrus fruits, and the ancestor of many other fruits we know. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Initially, the genus Citrus only consisted of a few species, whereas a more extensive list of hybrids and cultivars is available nowadays, mainly based on Citrus maxima , Citrus medica, and Citrus reticulata . (hindawi.com)
  • The species used were Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. (scielo.br)
  • Madhav MS, Rao RN, Singh S, Deka PC (2002) Nucellar embryogenesis and artificial seed production in Citrus reticulata . (springer.com)
  • Mukhtar R, Khan MM, Fatima B, Abbas M, Shahid A (2005) In vitro regeneration and multiple shoots induction in Citrus reticulata Blanco. (springer.com)
  • grapefruit Ripe grapefruits, or pomelos ( Citrus × paradisi ), on a tree. (britannica.com)
  • Grapefruit ( Citrus x paradisi ) is a hybrid derived from pomelos and sweet oranges. (mentalfloss.com)
  • You get a lot of nutritional bang for your buck with Citrus paradisi . (garden.org)
  • Use of microbial models to evaluate the effect of UV-C light and trans-cinnamaldehyde on the native microbial load of grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi) juice. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this research was to evaluate the storage stability (5 °C), and microbial modeling, of Rubi red grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi) juice treated with ultraviolet-C (UV-C) light (0, 10 a. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Pink Grapefruit Essential Oil, Citrus paradisi, is aromatically sweeter than White Grapefruit Oil. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • Citrus paradisi is a subtropical citrus tree. (nutrition-and-you.com)
  • Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits , including important crops such as oranges , lemons , grapefruits , pomelos , and limes . (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits , including important crops like oranges , lemons , grapefruit , pomelo and limes . (wikipedia.org)
  • [12] Within the last few thousand years, all common citrus fruits (sweet oranges, lemons, grapefruit, limes, and so on) were created by crossing those original species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus plants hybridize easily between species with completely different morphologies, and similar-looking citrus fruits may have quite different ancestries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hybrids of these taxa include familiar citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and some limes and tangerines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus fruits usually have a sour taste but farmer s grow more of the sweet ones. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many types of citrus fruits in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fruits of the family are various, consisting, for example, of capsules (genus Ruta ), follicles ( Zanthoxylum ), drupes ( Amyris ), berries ( Triphasia and Citrus ), samaras (hop tree), and schizocarps ( Helietta ). (britannica.com)
  • Citrus fruits are edible fruits of plants belonging to Citrus of the rue family. (answers.com)
  • Citrus fruits all belong to the genus Citrus , and can be hybridized with each other. (mentalfloss.com)
  • The citrus fruits we know were developed from just a few that occur in the wild , including citron, pomelo, and mandarin. (mentalfloss.com)
  • The variety of citrus fruits we encounter at the grocery store in the winter months are mostly hybridized from those species and their descendants. (mentalfloss.com)
  • The pomelo ( Citrus grandis ) is the largest of all citrus fruits. (mentalfloss.com)
  • In this review, we will examine the current knowledge on the effect of Citrus fruits and their derivatives against H. pylori , highlighting the remaining outstanding questions on the development of novel therapeutic strategies. (hindawi.com)
  • In this review, we examine the current literature on the effect of Citrus fruits and their derivatives against Helicobacter pylori , a pathogen colonizing the human stomach with high morbidity rate [ 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Since ancient times, Citrus fruits have been widely consumed as important fruit tree crops. (hindawi.com)
  • Several studies have highlighted the health promoting properties of Citrus fruits, mainly related to the high content in bioactive compounds [ 18 - 22 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Citrus fruits such as grapefruit, limes, lemons, and oranges are a great-tasting way to add more Vitamin C to our diets. (garden.org)
  • Citrus fruits have been a commercially important crop for thousands of years. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus fruits are consumed as a fresh fruit desert or used for making juice and jam. (mdpi.com)
  • They are an excellent source of vitamins, especially vitamin C. Processing Citrus fruits results in a significant amount of waste (peels, seeds, and pulps), which accounts for 50% of the fruit [ 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus fruits are produced all around the world. (niir.org)
  • Citrus fruits act as a fabulous source of vitamin C and a wide range of essential nutrients required by the body. (niir.org)
  • Citrus fruits have long been valued as part of a nutritious and tasty diet. (niir.org)
  • Although the majority of commercially available essential oils are extracted from the original botanical material by use of steam distillation, most citrus essential oils are extracted by pressing the rinds of the citrus fruits. (niir.org)
  • This handbook on citrus fruits provides relevant information on most citrus crops, the basics of citriculture & production, pre & post harvest management, picking, storage etc. (niir.org)
  • Selected topics on oil extraction of citrus fruits are also given to provide knowledge of the techniques used. (niir.org)
  • Citrus fruits have been used as an edible fruit and a traditional medicine since ancient times. (hindawi.com)
  • In particular, the peels of immature citrus fruits are used widely in traditional herbal medicine in Korea, as they are believed to contain bioactive components exerting anti-inflammatory activity. (hindawi.com)
  • Some of the well known fruits of citrus group are oranges, lemons, grapefruits and limes. (springer.com)
  • Fruits of this genus, such as oranges, lemons, and tangerines, are widely cultivated in the tropical and subtropical areas of the world [ 1 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • In medicine, Citrus fruits are used in the treatment of various diseases. (intechopen.com)
  • Research shows that the intake of Citrus fruits can reduce the incidence of gastric cancer [ 2 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • These tiny golden yellow, round or oval fruits are the smallest citrus fruit in the world, averaging only about 1 inch or so in diameter, and grow in grape-like clusters. (foodreference.com)
  • FROM oranges and lemons to limes and grapefruit, the wealth of citrus fruits available today belies the fact that there are only three true citrus species. (newscientist.com)
  • Flavonoids are one of the most important ingredients in vegetables and fruits, especially in the genus Citrus. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • On the interior, arils arranged in segments as in other citrus fruits. (nutrition-and-you.com)
  • Genetic origin of cultivated citrus determined: Researchers find evidence of origins of orange, lime, lemon, grapefruit, other citrus species [online]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of these markers, 116 displayed incomplete transferability primarily in C. medica, C. maxima and wild Citrus species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The citron ( Citrus medica ) was also introduced early into the Mediterranean basin from India and Southeast Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citron ( Citrus medica ) is the citrus fruit that gave "citrus" its name. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Citrus Medica Linn. (niir.org)
  • Citrus medica L. (theplantlist.org)
  • Citrus medica var. (theplantlist.org)
  • Citrus medica subsp. (theplantlist.org)
  • This viroid, by itself, caused only mild petiole necrosis and characteristically very mild leaf bending in Arizona 861-S1 Etrog citrons ( Citrus medica L.), the degree of which differed from that induced by other citrus viroids. (deepdyve.com)
  • The capacity of infecting citrus hosts of several species was also confirmed by a preliminary survey that identified orange, mandarin, clementine and lemon trees as natural hosts of CiVA in several fields of southern Italy, again without any obvious association with specific symptoms. (frontiersin.org)
  • A lemon is a yellow citrus fruit . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Meyer lemon (Citrus meyeri) is a low growing citrus tree, reaching a demure height of between 6 to 10 feet. (gardenguides.com)
  • Lemon and lime trees are both cold-tender citrus trees grown in home and commercial orchards. (gardenguides.com)
  • Lemon and lime trees are two of the top three cold-tender citrus trees (the other is the citron). (gardenguides.com)
  • Both lemon and lime trees are adversely affected by cold and general citrus threats and diseases. (gardenguides.com)
  • Lemon or sweet orange oils that are obtained as by products of the citrus industry are even cheaper. (niir.org)
  • Rough Lemon ( Citrus Jambhiri Lush. (springer.com)
  • Altaf N, Khan AR, Ali L, Bhatti IA (2008) Propagation of rough lemon ( Citrus jambhiri Lush. (springer.com)
  • Confusing the two is like saying that an orange is the same as a lemon just because they're both part of genus Citrus. (neatorama.com)
  • Phytochemical profiling and antiviral activity of Ajuga bracteosa, Ajuga parviflora, Berberis lycium and Citrus lemon against Hepatitis C Virus. (umassmed.edu)
  • Lemons: Diversity and Relationships with Selected Citrus Genotypes as Measured with Nuclear Genome Markers. (wikipedia.org)
  • For citrus aficionados nothing beats fresh lemons, and it doesn't get much fresher than homegrown! (waysidegardens.com)
  • Being a subtropical tree means that it won't make it in the cold, but that's no problem when it is compact enough to be grown right indoors.Grown in the right conditions, this stellar citrus can produce lemons all year round! (waysidegardens.com)
  • citri known as Xac which causes citrus canker in oranges, lemons and other members of the citrus family. (genomenewsnetwork.org)
  • Apomixis in citrus is sporophytic-the embryos develop from somatic nucellar cells-and very stable among commercial varieties, including sweet oranges, mandarins, grapefruits and lemons 7 . (nature.com)
  • Tangerines ( Citrus tangerina ) are closely related to mandarin oranges, although the name is usually reserved for the more reddish fruit. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Citrus , and closely related to oranges . (nutrition-and-you.com)
  • The earliest introductions of citrus species by human migrations was during the Austronesian expansion (c. 3000-1500 BCE), where Citrus hystrix , Citrus macroptera , and Citrus maxima were among the canoe plants carried by Austronesian voyagers eastwards into Micronesia and Polynesia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus maxima (Burm. (wikimedia.org)
  • Citrus maxima var. (wikimedia.org)
  • These pulp-vesicles are the basis for the most important fruit industry in warm countries of the world because, in species and hybrids of the genus Citrus, they contain juice of great commercial importance. (anbg.gov.au)
  • The taxonomy and systematics of the genus are complex and the precise number of natural species is unclear, as many of the named species are hybrids clonally propagated through seeds (by apomixis ), and there is genetic evidence that even some wild, true-breeding species are of hybrid origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most cultivated Citrus seem to be natural or artificial hybrids of four core ancestral species [14] - the citron , pummelo , mandarine , and papeda (see image). (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus taxonomy refers to the botanical classification of the species, varieties, cultivars, and graft hybrids within the genus Citrus and related genera, found in cultivation and in the wild. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ability of citrus hybrids to self-pollinate and to reproduce sexually also helps create new varieties, as does spontaneous mutation and genome duplication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the hybrids have in turn interbred with one another hybrid or with the original taxa, making the citrus family tree a complicated network. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eleven of the 14 primer pairs revealed some degree of polymorphism among 34 genotypes of Citrus, Fortunella, Poncirus and some of their hybrids, with polymorphism information content (PIC) values ranging from 0.057 to 0.732, and 18 haplotypes were identified. (citrusgenomedb.org)
  • Clementines ( Citrus ×clementina ) are hybrids developed from crossing a Mandarin orange and a sweet orange. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Citrus limonum (L.) comprises 3 species and various hybrids. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Water deficits affect citrus physiology, yield, fruit size and quality. (springer.com)
  • Citrus fruit has been cultivated in an ever-widening area since ancient times. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] King Louis XIV of France housed citrus in orangeries, to protect the tropical fruit to be grown in the 1600s France. (wikipedia.org)
  • This may be due to perceived similarities in the smell of citrus leaves and fruit with that of cedar. (wikipedia.org)
  • The large citrus fruit of today evolved originally from small, edible berries over millions of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three original species in the citrus genus that have been hybridized into most modern commercial citrus fruit are the mandarin orange , pummelo , and citron . (wikipedia.org)
  • You will love experimenting with the fruit in new dishes, and enjoying the sight and smell of this citrus tree year-round. (parkseed.com)
  • A citrus fruit is a modified sectional berry known as a hesperidium. (britannica.com)
  • mandarin orange The blossom and fruit of the orange ( Citrus ). (britannica.com)
  • Like most citrus, the fruit is rich in vitamin C , providing 50 mg per 100 g serving. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pittman & Davis - Premium Citrus Fruit Gifts - Why Are Tangerines So Tangy? (wikipedia.org)
  • The new citrus fruit is here to give us a taste of the tropics in time for the winter holidays. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Because the mutation left the fruit seedless and therefore sterile, the only means available to cultivate more of this variety is to graft cuttings onto other varieties of citrus trees. (wildflower.org)
  • Citrus canker fruit lesion. (genomenewsnetwork.org)
  • India only represents a mere 4% of global citrus fruit production. (niir.org)
  • Appropriate dietary guidelines and recommendations that encourage the consumption of citrus fruit and their products can lead to widespread nutritional benefits across the population. (niir.org)
  • All citrus fruit is acid fruit. (niir.org)
  • Citrus fruit oils are cheaper than most other essential oils. (niir.org)
  • The dried, entire immature peels of citrus fruit are used as a traditional herbal medicine to treat indigestion and respiratory symptoms, such as bronchial and asthmatic conditions [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In 1915 kumquats were moved to a genus of their own, Fortunella , because of the simpler structure of their fruit (named for Robert Fortune who introduced them to Europe in 1846 or 1847). (foodreference.com)
  • The kumquat is more resistant to cold than other citrus trees, and is grown both for its fruit and as an ornamental. (foodreference.com)
  • They have a sour, citrus tang, and can even cross-breed with citrus fruit, but are sometimes classified as a separate genus. (wikihow.com)
  • Some say that rubbing or squeezing the fruit between your fingers helps it release the sweet, citrus-like scent of the rind. (wikihow.com)
  • The Citrus materials include those portions of the plant that are normally considered waster or inedible, such as the leaves, peel and immature, unripe fruit. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • In particular, CVd-OS has high sequence similarity with CVd-III and Apple dimple fruit viroid in the putative central and terminal left domains, including a duplicative sequence from the lower CCR of the genus Pospiviroid in the left terminus. (deepdyve.com)
  • These three have also been hybridized with other citrus taxa, for example, the Key lime arose from a citron crossing with a micrantha. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citron is more temperature-sensitive than other commercial citrus grown in the U.S. but flourishes in South America and the coastal areas of the Mediterranean. (mentalfloss.com)
  • About 7 million years ago, citrus plants diverged into two groups, the main citrus genus and the ancestors of the Trifoliate orange (poncirus), which is closely enough related that it can still be hybridized with all other citrus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genera Poncirus and Fortunella are related to Citrus spp. (hindawi.com)
  • CiLV-N probably belongs to the proposed genus Dichorhavirus, related to the family Rhabdoviridae, which has Orchid fleck virus (OFV) as the type member. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scott & Thomas (2005: 122) record this genus as a member of the Family Achnanthaceae. (algaebase.org)
  • Crapemyrtles are members of the family Lythraceae and genus Lagerstroemia . (wildflower.org)
  • Kumquats are any of several shrubs or trees in the citrus family but not the citrus genus. (foodreference.com)
  • There are thirty (many monotypic) genera and 142 species in the family Cupressaceae , now widely regarded as including the Taxodiaceae, previously treated as a distinct family. (cirrusimage.com)
  • Family Flaviviridae, genus Pestivirus (Paton et al. (invasivespeciesinfo.gov)
  • Hesperidin is a flavonone glycoside, belonging to the flavonoid family, which is widely found in Citrus species and acts as a potent antioxidant and anticancer agent. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Citrus leprosis (CL) is an economically important viral disease affecting citrus crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is uncommon in agriculturally important crops apart from citrus and apple 3 . (nature.com)
  • it should not be confused with Citrus bergamia , the Bergamot orange . (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus bergamia Risso & Poit. (itis.gov)
  • from Swingle classification system is a monophyleticgroup, the sister-group of which is papeda(Citrus hystix),and the Citrophorum, Cephaloc-itrus, Acrumen and Microcrumen from Tanaka system are also monophyletic group, but theAurantium and Euacrumen from Tanaka system are polyphyletic group. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Like most citrus , sweet limes will not ripen off the tree, and must be picked when fully ripe. (wikipedia.org)
  • limes fall into to the citrus aurantifolia species. (gardenguides.com)
  • Citrus aurantifolia = Key lime, C. latifolia = Persian lime (very common). (answers.com)
  • key lime: Citrus aurantifolia) and have a number of varieties. (gardenguides.com)
  • Citrus glauca (formerly Eremocitrus glauca ) is also known as Desert Lime . (statemaster.com)
  • Also known as Kaffir, Thai Lime, and Makrut (and even occasionally Wild Lime), this dwarf citrus tree has a charming habit. (parkseed.com)
  • Sweet lime is almost exclusively served as juice, and is the most common available citrus juice in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also "limequats" a kind o kumquat resulting from hybridization with a species of kumquat and a lime (Citrus aurantiifolia). (botanical-online.com)
  • Molecular and phylogenetic analyses presented here support the classification of CiVA, and likely of other two recently described nsRNA viruses infecting plants, in this new genus. (frontiersin.org)
  • We conclude that the substrate amendment reduced the damaging effects of drought stress in citrus plants. (springer.com)
  • Citrus plants are native to subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Island Southeast Asia , Near Oceania , and northeastern Australia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus plants are native to subtropical and tropical regions of Asia and the Malay Archipelago and they were firstly domesticated in these areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus plants diverged from a common ancestor about 15 million years ago, which was about when it diverged from the closely related severinia , for example the Chinese box orange . (wikipedia.org)
  • Artificial interbreeding seems possible among all citrus plants, though there are certain limitations to natural interbreeding due to plant physiology and differences in natural breeding seasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • De Francesco A, Costa N, Plata MI, García ML (2015) Improved detection of Citrus psorosis virus and coat protein-derived transgenes in citrus plants: comparison between RT-qPCR and TAS-ELISA. (springer.com)
  • However, it is now beginning to be appreciated that these and other biologically active, non nutrient compounds found in citrus and other plants (phytochemicals) can also help to reduce the risk of many chronic diseases. (niir.org)
  • Resins, oils and lacquers are obtained from plants in genus Toxicodendron. (cirrusimage.com)
  • The insect vector, the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP, Diaphorina citri ) acquires C Las by feeding on the nutrients carried by phloem cells in the citrus plant and injects the bacterium to other citrus plants. (nap.edu)
  • The incompletely defined dynamic between citrus production and the processing plants is such that when plants operate below their most productive level, profits are threatened. (nap.edu)
  • Materials derived from Citrus plants can be administered orally to humans for the purpose of producing or maintaining weight loss as well as improving the person's physical performance and increasing the person's lean muscle mass. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Alioto D, Gangemi M, Deaglio S, Sposato S, Noris E, Luisoni E, Milne RG (1999) Improved detection of Citrus psorosis virus using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. (springer.com)
  • Carimi F, De Pasquale F, Crescimanno FG (1999) Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from pistil thin cell layers of Citrus . (springer.com)
  • Sureshan, P.M. (1999) , Two new genera and three new species of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from India. (nhm.ac.uk)
  • In Florida, a variety of natural enemies cause significant mortality to the citrus leafminer (Amalin and Pena 1999, Browning and Pena 1995, Pena et al. (ufl.edu)
  • The true citrus group comprises almost all of the commercially cultivated citrus, with major varieties belonging to the Citrus genus ( Supplementary Note 1 ). (nature.com)
  • There are a range of reproductive systems among the different varieties of primitive and modern citrus species that include sexual reproduction, clonal propagation and mixtures of these systems. (nature.com)
  • Interested in Subtropical & Citrus varieties available now? (raintreenursery.com)
  • However, this compound is found predominantly in a number of Citrus species, including "bitter" and "sweet" orange varieties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus × florida Salisb. (wikimedia.org)
  • The citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), was first detected in Florida in 1993 (Heppner 1993). (ufl.edu)
  • This invasive pest spread rapidly throughout the citrus-growing areas and is now well established in Florida. (ufl.edu)
  • 1996). Several eulophid parasitoid species, already present in Florida when the citrus leafminer invaded, moved on to this new food source (Pena et al. (ufl.edu)
  • By August, and throughout the fall in Florida, citrus leafminer populations typically exhibit high rates of parasitism by A. citricola and leafminer populations are often well below the densities seen during the second flush. (ufl.edu)
  • To improve the suppression of citrus leafminer populations during the second flush interval in Florida, at least two options are available. (ufl.edu)
  • Among the many diseases of citrus that have invaded or could invade Florida, greening represents the greatest threat to the industry. (nap.edu)
  • HLB is now present in the 34 citrus-producing counties of Florida, but is most prevalent in the southern areas of the state. (nap.edu)
  • In April 2009, the National Research Council, at the request of the Florida Department of Citrus (FDOC), formed the Committee on the Strategic Planning for the Florida Citrus Industry: Addressing Citrus Greening Disease (Huanglongbing). (nap.edu)
  • Without Florida citrus production, orange juice and other citrus products in our stores would be fewer, less diverse, possibly of reduced quality, and likely more expensive. (nap.edu)
  • Citrus is emblematic of Florida. (nap.edu)
  • The two major parts of the Florida citrus industry are the larger juice processing sector and the more profitable, per acre, fresh market sector. (nap.edu)
  • The programs rely on (i) production of citrus propagation materials in insect-proof facilities, which has been mandatory in Florida nursuries since January, 2008, (ii) strong reduction of the ACP population, and (iii) identification and removal of infected citrus trees, the principal reservoir of C Las. (nap.edu)
  • A Kumquat is a small citrus that resembles an orange. (answers.com)
  • Citrus is one of the largest horticultural industries in Australia, and the breeding of new, high quality Citrus cultivars for the Australian environment depends on reliable information about the relationship of species in genera within the tribe Citreae. (anbg.gov.au)
  • Detailed genomic analysis of wild and domesticated citrus cultivars has suggested that the progenitor of modern citrus species expanded out of the Himalayan foothills in a rapid radiation that has produced at least 10 wild species in South and East Asia and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • identified just ten ancestral species of citrus among more than a hundred cultivars studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus oleocarpa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • The ongoing International Citrus Genome Consortium sequencing project of the highly heterozygous Clementine and sweet orange genomes will soon result in the release of several hundred thousand SNPs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Fourteen cpSSR primer pairs from the chloroplast genomes of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and Arabidopsis were found useful for analyzing the Citrus chloroplast genome (cpDNA) and recoded with the prefix SPCC (SSR Primers for Citrus Chloroplast). (citrusgenomedb.org)
  • Here we de novo sequenced and comprehensively studied the genomes of four representative citrus species. (nature.com)
  • Molecular genetic markers offer a way to solve many of the long standing problems in the classification and breeding of Citrus . (anbg.gov.au)
  • The citrus phyloge-netic relationship and classification were discussed according to the cladistic relationship. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Because the tribal classification has undergone a great deal of addition and revision over the past 100 years, the tribal placements of some described genera in the subfamily remain unresolved and need to be reconsidered. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Citrinae are classified into primitive citrus, near citrus and true citrus on the basis of botanical characteristics 16 . (nature.com)
  • Relationships among species and genera of the group are complicated by several factors such as a high frequency of bud mutation, a long history of cultivation and wide cross-compatibility among species. (anbg.gov.au)
  • This rise in citrus production is mainly due to the increase in cultivation areas & the change in consumer preferences towards more health & convenience food consumption & the rising incomes. (niir.org)
  • Records of citrus cultivation stretch back to 2100 BC, but scientists have always disagreed about how many species there are in this plant genus. (newscientist.com)
  • In addition, Citrus essential oils are valuable in the perfume, food, and beverage industries, and have also enjoyed use as aromatherapy and medicinal agents. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus limonum and Piper nigrum essential oils were obtained commercially in Bellarome, RJ, Brazil commercial Ltda. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The flavor of kumquats is slightly different from other citrus, it is more acidic and spicy (due to the richness in essential oils of the skin). (botanical-online.com)
  • The Role of Hesperidin, a Citrus Natural Bioflavonoid, as a Cancer Chemoprotective Agent. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Die nartjie ( Citrus tangerina ) [1] is 'n oranjekleurige sitrus vrug wat nou verwant is aan die mandaryn ( Citrus reticulat a). (wikipedia.org)
  • The emergence of apomixis-the transition from sexual to asexual reproduction-is a prominent feature of modern citrus. (nature.com)
  • Closely related to members of the subtribe Citrineae is the other subtribe of the tribe Citreae, the Triphasiinae, which contains eight genera and 46 species found in southeast Asia and Oceania, including one native Australian species. (anbg.gov.au)
  • Closely related to the genus Citrus are several genera, which were recognized by Swingle. (anbg.gov.au)
  • The size and structure of the CiLV-N genome closely resembles the genome organization of Orchid fleck virus (OFV) and is likely to be a member of the newly proposed genus Dichorhavirus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chloroplast simple sequence repeat (cpSSR) markers in Citrus were developed and used to analyze chloroplast diversity of Citrus and closely related genera. (citrusgenomedb.org)
  • The subtribe Citrineae (tribe Citreae) consists of about 21 genera and 114 species of trees and shrubs which are almost exclusively native to China and the South Pacific region, including Australia. (anbg.gov.au)
  • The Araliaceae comprise about 70 genera and 700 species of flowering shrubs, trees, climbing vines and herbs. (cirrusimage.com)
  • Moya, J L, Tadeo, F R, Gómez-Cadenas, A, Primo-Millo, E, Talón, M 2002 Transmissible salt tolerance traits identified through reciprocal grafts between sensitive Carrizo and tolerant Cleopatra citrus genotypes J. Plant Physiol. (springer.com)
  • The longer survival of seedlings in the amended treatment together with the reduction in leaf abscission and the improvement of physiological parameters, can account for a higher vigour of citrus grown under water stress conditions. (springer.com)
  • Citrus is grown widely all over the world for its numerous health benefits. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus trees are native to southern and southeast Asia but are grown in warm climates around the world. (dictionary.com)
  • Today they are cultivated in China and Japan and throughout the subtropical citrus belt, including California. (foodreference.com)
  • In this work, we assayed the efficiency of an amendment to soilless media in delaying the drought stress effect in young citrus seedlings and trees. (springer.com)
  • Citrus trees will ship at the appropriate planting time based on your growing zone. (parkseed.com)
  • Citrus trees do not ship in December or January. (parkseed.com)
  • Dry root rot of citrus usually affect only a few trees in an orchard but once symptoms appear, the tree hardly recovers. (omicsonline.org)
  • It is a destructive pest of citrus trees. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Synephrine, although already known as a synthetic organic compound , was first isolated as a natural product from the leaves of various Citrus trees, and its presence noted in different Citrus juices, by Stewart and co-workers in the early 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of the cladistic analysis of the compatibility of 24 morphological charac-ters in 24 taxa of the genus Citrus,a cladogram based on 14 compatible characters was ob-stained. (cnki.com.cn)
  • The same data, plus Citrus micrantha , top right ( papeda ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Top of page The citrus flat mite belongs to the Brevipalpus cuneatus group ( Baker and Tuttle, 1987 ), which is characterized by having seven pairs of lateral hysterosomal setae and three pairs of dorsocentral setae. (cabi.org)
  • At that time, a lessening of the monsoons and resultant drier climate in the region allowed the citrus ancestor to expand across south and east Asia in a rapid genetic radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In citrus, a classical method of studying crossovers and segregation distortion (SD) is the genetic analysis of progenies. (frontiersin.org)
  • The genetic features found in Citrus favor the construction of genetic maps. (scielo.br)
  • The objective of this work was to analyze and quantify the effects of RAPD markers with a skewed segregation on genetic maps and on the location of these markers in linkage groups using Citrus species as a model. (scielo.br)
  • We also narrowed the genetic locus responsible for citrus polyembryony, a form of apomixis, to an 80-kb region containing 11 candidate genes. (nature.com)
  • One of the goals of the GENetic Engineering Risk Atlas (GENERA) is to reduce the influence of bias on interpreting the outcomes of scientific research, and to help detect bias where it can be found. (biofortified.org)
  • A number of studies report that Citrus originated from Southeast Asia, bordered by Northeast India, Burma, and Yunnan (China) [ 15 - 17 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • A new genus and two new species of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from India. (nhm.ac.uk)
  • Fawcett HS, Klotz LJ (1938) Types and symptoms of psorosis and psorosis-like diseases of citrus. (springer.com)
  • About the damage caused by this parasite, direct losses in the production of milk and meat, leather damage caused by inflammatory reactions at the sites of tick attachment, appearance of myiasis, and the transmission of diseases such as bovine tick fever (caused by protozoa of the genus Babesia and by bacteria of the genus Anaplasma) could be mentioned [4]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This virus, tentatively named citrus virus A (CiVA), has a bipartite genome composed of (i) a negative-stranded (ns) RNA1, encoding the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), and (ii) an ambisense RNA2, coding for the putative movement protein (MP) and nucleocapsid protein (NP), with the two open reading frames separated by a long AU-rich intergenic region (IR) adopting a hairpin conformation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Consequently, establishment of a novel genus tentatively named Coguvirus in the order Bunyavirales has been recently proposed to allocate CCGaV (Proposals 2018.020P.N.v1. (frontiersin.org)
  • for convenience, it was tentatively named Citrus viroid OS (CVd-OS) after the original sample. (deepdyve.com)
  • Substrate amendment promoted plant survival of citrus seedlings subjected to several cycles of drought stress and rehydration. (springer.com)
  • Gómez-Cadenas, A, Tadeo, F R, Primo-Millo, E, Talón, M 1998 Involvement of abscisic acid and ethylene in the response of citrus seedlings to salt shock Physiol Plant. (springer.com)
  • The pathogen appeared to be widely distributed in association with citrus dry root rot and possibly interacts with Fusarium solani , Phytophthora nicotianae and P. citrophthora , the major soil borne pathogens that were frequently identified from plant samples with root and/or crown rot of citrus in California. (omicsonline.org)
  • Brazilian researchers have sequenced two major plant pathogens of the genus Xanthomonas . (genomenewsnetwork.org)
  • Duan YX, Liu X, Fan J, Li DL, Wu RC, Guo WW (2007) Multiple shoot induction from seedling epicotyls and transgenic citrus plant regeneration containing the green fluorescent protein gene. (springer.com)
  • The parasitoid Semielacher petiolatus (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Eulophdae) was introduced during July 2003 into quarantine facilities in the Division of Plant Industry in Gainesville and the Department of Entomology and Nematology in Gainesville, where it is being evaluated for possible release into Florida's citrus to augment the role of the citrus leafminer's other natural enemies. (ufl.edu)
  • Ito, Tsurae 2001-05-01 00:00:00 A new viroid was obtained from a viroid sample, named 'OS', collected from a citrus plant. (deepdyve.com)
  • lected from a citrus plant. (deepdyve.com)