A division of GYMNOSPERMS which look like palm trees (ARECACEAE) but are more closely related to PINUS. They have large cones and large pinnate leaves and are sometimes called cycads, a term which may also refer more narrowly to cycadales or CYCAS.
A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta (conifers). They are mainly resinous, aromatic evergreen trees.
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant division. They are simple plants that lack vascular tissue and possess rudimentary rootlike organs (rhizoids). Like MOSSES, liverworts have alternation of generations between haploid gamete-bearing forms (gametophytes) and diploid spore-bearing forms (sporophytes).
The act of feeding on plants by animals.

SWM1, a developmentally regulated gene, is required for spore wall assembly in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (1/10689)

Meiosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is followed by encapsulation of haploid nuclei within multilayered spore walls. Formation of this spore-specific wall requires the coordinated activity of enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of its components. Completion of late events in the sporulation program, leading to spore wall formation, requires the SWM1 gene. SWM1 is expressed at low levels during vegetative growth but its transcription is strongly induced under sporulating conditions, with kinetics similar to those of middle sporulation-specific genes. Homozygous swm1Delta diploids proceed normally through both meiotic divisions but fail to produce mature asci. Consistent with this finding, swm1Delta mutant asci display enhanced sensitivity to enzymatic digestion and heat shock. Deletion of SWM1 specifically affects the expression of mid-late and late sporulation-specific genes. All of the phenotypes observed are similar to those found for the deletion of SPS1 or SMK1, two putative components of a sporulation-specific MAP kinase cascade. However, epistasis analyses indicate that Swm1p does not form part of the Sps1p-Smk1p-MAP kinase pathway. We propose that Swm1p, a nuclear protein, would participate in a different signal transduction pathway that is also required for the coordination of the biochemical and morphological events occurring during the last phase of the sporulation program.  (+info)

NMD3 encodes an essential cytoplasmic protein required for stable 60S ribosomal subunits in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (2/10689)

A mutation in NMD3 was found to be lethal in the absence of XRN1, which encodes the major cytoplasmic exoribonuclease responsible for mRNA turnover. Molecular genetic analysis of NMD3 revealed that it is an essential gene required for stable 60S ribosomal subunits. Cells bearing a temperature-sensitive allele of NMD3 had decreased levels of 60S subunits at the nonpermissive temperature which resulted in the formation of half-mer polysomes. Pulse-chase analysis of rRNA biogenesis indicated that 25S rRNA was made and processed with kinetics similar to wild-type kinetics. However, the mature RNA was rapidly degraded, with a half-life of 4 min. Nmd3p fractionated as a cytoplasmic protein and sedimented in the position of free 60S subunits in sucrose gradients. These results suggest that Nmd3p is a cytoplasmic factor required for a late cytoplasmic assembly step of the 60S subunit but is not a ribosomal protein. Putative orthologs of Nmd3p exist in Drosophila, in nematodes, and in archaebacteria but not in eubacteria. The Nmd3 protein sequence does not contain readily recognizable motifs of known function. However, these proteins all have an amino-terminal domain containing four repeats of Cx2C, reminiscent of zinc-binding proteins, implicated in nucleic acid binding or protein oligomerization.  (+info)

Characterization and expression of the cDNA encoding a new kind of phospholipid transfer protein, the phosphatidylglycerol/phosphatidylinositol transfer protein from Aspergillus oryzae: evidence of a putative membrane targeted phospholipid transfer protein in fungi. (3/10689)

The full-length cDNA of a phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) was isolated from Aspergillus oryzae by a RACE-PCR procedure using degenerated primer pool selected from the N-terminal sequence of the purified phosphatidylinositol/phosphatidylglycerol transfer protein (PG/PI-TP). The cDNA encodes a 173 amino acid protein of 18823 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence from position 38 to 67 is 100% identical to the N-terminal sequence (first 30 amino acids) of the purified PG/PI-TP. This amino acid sequence is preceded by a leader peptide of 37 amino acids which is predicted to be composed of a signal peptide of 21 amino acids followed by an extra-sequence of 16 amino acids, or a membrane anchor protein signal (amino acid 5-29). This strongly suggests that the PG/PI-TP is a targeted protein. The deduced mature protein is 138 amino acids long with a predicted molecular mass of 14933 Da. Comparison of the deduced PG/PI-TP sequence with other polypeptide sequences available in databases revealed a homology with a protein deduced from an open reading frame coding for an unknown protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (36% identity and 57% similarity). Apart from this homology, the PG/PI-TP is unique and specific to the filamentous fungi on the basis of comparison of PLTP protein sequences. Northern blot analysis of RNA isolated from A. oryzae cultures grown on glucose or glucose supplemented with phospholipids suggests that the PG/PI-TP is transcribed by only one RNA species and allows us to show that expression of the protein is regulated at the messenger RNA level.  (+info)

Rpp14 and Rpp29, two protein subunits of human ribonuclease P. (4/10689)

In HeLa cells, the tRNA processing enzyme ribonuclease P (RNase P) consists of an RNA molecule associated with at least eight protein subunits, hPop1, Rpp14, Rpp20, Rpp25, Rpp29, Rpp30, Rpp38, and Rpp40. Five of these proteins (hPop1p, Rpp20, Rpp30, Rpp38, and Rpp40) have been partially characterized. Here we report on the cDNA cloning and immunobiochemical analysis of Rpp14 and Rpp29. Polyclonal rabbit antibodies raised against recombinant Rpp14 and Rpp29 recognize their corresponding antigens in HeLa cells and precipitate catalytically active RNase P. Rpp29 shows 23% identity with Pop4p, a subunit of yeast nuclear RNase P and the ribosomal RNA processing enzyme RNase MRP. Rpp14, by contrast, exhibits no significant homology to any known yeast gene. Thus, human RNase P differs in the details of its protein composition, and perhaps in the functions of some of these proteins, from the yeast enzyme.  (+info)

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae CWH8 gene is required for full levels of dolichol-linked oligosaccharides in the endoplasmic reticulum and for efficient N-glycosylation. (5/10689)

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant cwh8 was previously found to have an anomalous cell wall. Here we show that the cwh8 mutant has an N -glycosylation defect. We found that cwh8 cells were resistant to vanadate and sensitive to hygromycin B, and produced glycoforms of invertase and carboxypeptidase Y with a reduced number of N -chains. We have cloned the CWH8 gene. We found that it was nonessential and encoded a putative transmembrane protein of 239 amino acids. Comparison of the in vitro oligosaccharyl transferase activities of membrane preparations from wild type or cwh8 Delta cells revealed no differences in enzyme kinetic properties indicating that the oligosaccharyl transferase complex of mutant cells was not affected. cwh8 Delta cells also produced normal dolichols and dolichol-linked oligosaccharide intermediates including the full-length form Glc3Man9GlcNAc2. The level of dolichol-linked oligosaccharides in cwh8 Delta cells was, however, reduced to about 20% of the wild type. We propose that inefficient N -glycosylation of secretory proteins in cwh8 Delta cells is caused by an insufficient supply of dolichol-linked oligosaccharide substrate.  (+info)

Identification of yeasts by RFLP analysis of the 5.8S rRNA gene and the two ribosomal internal transcribed spacers. (6/10689)

The identification and classification of yeasts have traditionally been based on morphological, physiological and biochemical traits. Various kits have been developed as rapid systems for yeast identification, but mostly for clinical diagnosis. In recent years, different molecular biology techniques have been developed for yeast identification, but there is no available database to identify a large number of species. In the present study, the restriction patterns generated from the region spanning the internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2) and the 5.8S rRNA gene were used to identify a total of 132 yeast species belonging to 25 different genera, including teleomorphic and anamorphic ascomycetous and basidiomycetous yeasts. In many cases, the size of the PCR products and the restriction patterns obtained with endonucleases CfoI, HaeIII and HinfI yielded a unique profile for each species. Accordingly, the use of this molecular approach is proposed as a new rapid and easy method of routine yeast identification.  (+info)

The genes for the Golgi apparatus N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase and the UDP-N-acetylglucosamine transporter are contiguous in Kluyveromyces lactis. (7/10689)

The mannan chains of Kluyveromyces lactis mannoproteins are similar to those of Saccharomyces cerevisiae except that they lack mannose phosphate and have terminal alpha(1-->2)-linked N-acetylglucosamine. Previously, Smith et al. (Smith, W. L. Nakajima, T., and Ballou, C. E. (1975) J. Biol. Chem. 250, 3426-3435) characterized two mutants, mnn2-1 and mnn2-2, which lacked terminal N-acetylglucosamine in their mannoproteins. The former mutant lacks the Golgi N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity, whereas the latter one was recently found to be deficient in the Golgi UDP-GlcNAc transporter activity. Analysis of extensive crossings between the two mutants led Ballou and co-workers (reference cited above) to conclude that these genes were allelic or tightly linked. We have now cloned the gene encoding the K. lactis Golgi membrane N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase by complementation of the mnn2-1 mutation and named it GNT1. The mnn2-1 mutant was transformed with a 9.5-kilobase (kb) genomic fragment previously shown to contain the gene encoding the UDP-GlcNAc transporter; transformants were isolated, and phenotypic correction was monitored after cell surface labeling with fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Griffonia simplicifolia II lectin, which binds terminal N-acetylglucosamine, and a fluorescence-activated cell sorter. The above 9.5-kb DNA fragment restored the wild-type lectin binding phenotype of the transferase mutant; further subcloning of this fragment yielded a smaller one containing an opening reading frame of 1,383 bases encoding a protein of 460 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 53 kDa, which also restored the wild-type phenotype. Transformants had also regained the ability to transfer N-acetylglucosamine to 3-0-alpha-D-mannopyranosyl-D-mannopyranoside. The gene encoding the above transferase was found to be approximately 1 kb upstream from the previously characterized MNN2 gene encoding the UDP-GlcNAc Golgi transporter. Each gene can be transcribed independently by their own promoter. To our knowledge this is the first demonstration of two Golgi apparatus functionally related genes being contiguous in a genome.  (+info)

The yeast dynamin-like protein, Mgm1p, functions on the mitochondrial outer membrane to mediate mitochondrial inheritance. (8/10689)

The mdm17 mutation causes temperature-dependent defects in mitochondrial inheritance, mitochondrial morphology, and the maintenance of mitochondrial DNA in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Defects in mitochondrial transmission to daughter buds and changes in mitochondrial morphology were apparent within 30 min after shifting cells to 37 degrees C, while loss of the mitochondrial genome occurred after 4-24 h at the elevated temperature. The mdm17 lesion mapped to MGM1, a gene encoding a dynamin-like GTPase previously implicated in mitochondrial genome maintenance, and the cloned MGM1 gene complements all of the mdm17 mutant phenotypes. Cells with an mgm1-null mutation displayed aberrant mitochondrial inheritance and morphology. A version of mgm1 mutated in a conserved residue in the putative GTP-binding site was unable to complement any of the mutant defects. It also caused aberrant mitochondrial distribution and morphology when expressed at high levels in cells that also contained a wild-type copy of the gene. Mgm1p was localized to the mitochondrial outer membrane and fractionated as a component of a high molecular weight complex. These results indicate that Mgm1p is a mitochondrial inheritance and morphology component that functions on the mitochondrial surface.  (+info)

Cycadophyta, also known as cycads, is a division of plants that includes several species of mostly tropical and subtropical gymnosperms. These plants are characterized by a large crown of compound leaves, a stout trunk often undergrown by other plants, and a cone-like reproductive structure. Cycads are considered to be living fossils because they have remained relatively unchanged for millions of years and are thought to resemble some of the earliest seed plants. They are found in scattered locations around the world, particularly in the Americas, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Some cycad species are endangered due to habitat loss and overcollection for ornamental purposes.

Cupressaceae is a family of coniferous plants, also known as the cypress family. It includes a variety of genera such as *Cupressus* (cypress), *Juniperus* (juniper), *Thuja* (arborvitae or cedar), and *Chamaecyparis* (false cypress or Port Orford cedar). These plants are characterized by their small, scale-like leaves, and many produce cones that contain seeds. Some species in this family have economic importance as timber, ornamental plants, or for their essential oils.

Ferns are a group of vascular plants that reproduce by means of spores rather than seeds. They are characterized by their frond-like leaves and lack of flowers or fruits. Ferns have been around for millions of years, with some fossilized ferns dating back to the Devonian period, over 360 million years ago.

Ferns are an important part of many ecosystems, particularly in tropical rainforests where they provide habitat and food for a variety of animals. They also play a role in soil erosion control and nutrient cycling.

Medically, some ferns have been used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments, such as bracken fern which has been used to treat wounds, burns, and skin diseases. However, it is important to note that not all ferns are safe for consumption or use as medicines, and some can be toxic if ingested or applied topically. It is always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before using any plant-based remedies.

Gymnosperms are a group of seed-producing plants that include conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and gnetophytes. The name "gymnosperm" comes from the Greek words "gymnos," meaning naked, and "sperma," meaning seed. This refers to the fact that the seeds of gymnosperms are not enclosed within an ovary or fruit, but are exposed on the surface of modified leaves called cones or strobili.

Gymnosperms are vascular plants, which means they have specialized tissues for transporting water and nutrients throughout the plant. They are also heterosporous, meaning that they produce two types of spores: male microspores and female megaspores. The microspores develop into male gametophytes, which produce sperm cells, while the megaspores develop into female gametophytes, which produce egg cells.

Gymnosperms are an important group of plants that have been around for millions of years. They are adapted to a wide range of environments, from temperate forests to deserts and high mountain ranges. Many gymnosperms are evergreen, with needle-like or scale-like leaves that are able to resist drought and cold temperatures.

Conifers, which include trees such as pines, firs, spruces, and redwoods, are the most diverse and widespread group of gymnosperms. They are characterized by their woody cones and needle-shaped leaves. Cycads are another group of gymnosperms that are found in tropical and subtropical regions. They have large, stiff leaves and produce large seeds that are enclosed in a fleshy covering. Ginkgo is a unique gymnosperm that has been around for over 200 million years. It is a deciduous tree with fan-shaped leaves and large, naked seeds.

Gnetophytes are a small group of gymnosperms that include the ephedra, welwitschia, and gnetum. They have unique features such as vessels in their wood and motile sperm cells, which are not found in other gymnosperms.

Overall, gymnosperms are an important group of plants that have adapted to a wide range of environments and play a crucial role in many ecosystems.

I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Plant leaves" are not a medical term, but rather a general biological term referring to a specific organ found in plants.

Leaves are organs that are typically flat and broad, and they are the primary site of photosynthesis in most plants. They are usually green due to the presence of chlorophyll, which is essential for capturing sunlight and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis.

While leaves do not have a direct medical definition, understanding their structure and function can be important in various medical fields, such as pharmacognosy (the study of medicinal plants) or environmental health. For example, certain plant leaves may contain bioactive compounds that have therapeutic potential, while others may produce allergens or toxins that can impact human health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hepatophyta" is not a valid medical or scientific term in modern usage. It appears to be a combination of the Greek word "hepar" meaning "liver" and the suffix "-phyta" which is used to denote a plant or group of plants in taxonomy. However, it is not a term that is recognized or used in modern biology or medicine.

It's possible that you may be thinking of "Hepatica," which is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. These plants are also known as liverworts, although they should not be confused with actual liverworts, which are non-vascular plants in the division Marchantiophyta.

If you have any further questions or if there is another term you would like me to define, please let me know!

Herbivory is not a medical term, but rather a term used in biology and ecology. It refers to the practice of consuming plants or plant matter for food. Herbivores are animals that eat only plants, and their diet can include leaves, stems, roots, flowers, fruits, seeds, and other parts of plants.

While herbivory is not a medical term, it is still relevant to the field of medicine in certain contexts. For example, understanding the diets and behaviors of herbivores can help inform public health initiatives related to food safety and disease transmission. Additionally, research on herbivory has contributed to our understanding of the evolution of plant-animal interactions and the development of ecosystems.

... the use of fungal genomes in taxonomy is currently rare. Genome sequences can be used to expand the number of genes used in ... Fungal genomes are among the smallest genomes of eukaryotes. The sizes of fungal genomes range from less than 10 Mbp to ... The comparison of fungal genomes has been used to study the evolution of fungi, to improve the resolution of the phylogeny of ... The sizes and gene numbers of the smallest genomes of free-living fungi such as those of Wallemia ichthyophaga, Wallemia ...
2006's six-gene phylogeny) (CS1: long volume value, Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Fungal ... 2015) investigated the TEF1α gene, among a number of others, as potential genetic marker for fungal DNA barcoding. The TEF1α ... White TJ, Bruns T, Lee SJ, Taylor J (1990). "Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for ... December 2015). "One fungus, which genes? Development and assessment of universal primers for potential secondary fungal DNA ...
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Turgeon, B.G.; Yoder, O.C. (2000). "Proposed Nomenclature for Mating Type Genes of Filamentous Ascomycetes". Fungal Genetics ... In 2006 Japanese researchers found a gene in males of P. starrii that's an orthologue to a gene for a mating type in C. ... Outcrossing, through complementation, could provide the benefit of masking recessive deleterious mutations in genes which ... Mating type genes in ascomycetes are called idiomorphs rather than alleles due to the uncertainty of the origin by common ...
Corrêa TL, de Araújo EF (September 2020). "Fungal phytases: from genes to applications". Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. 51 ... "Directed evolution of thermostable kanamycin-resistance gene: a convenient selection marker for Thermus thermophilus". Journal ...
... s are common features of bacterial and most fungal genomes. They are less often found in other organisms ... Metabolic gene clusters or biosynthetic gene clusters are tightly linked sets of mostly non-homologous genes participating in a ... Slot JC (2017). "Fungal Gene Cluster Diversity and Evolution". Advances in Genetics. 100: 141-178. doi:10.1016/bs.adgen.2017.09 ... Slot, Jason C.; Gluck-Thaler, Emile (2019-10-01). "Metabolic gene clusters, fungal diversity, and the generation of accessory ...
A fungal past to insect color". Science. 328 (5978): 574-5. Bibcode:2010Sci...328..574F. doi:10.1126/science.1190417. PMID ... Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer ... The transferred gene (xenolog) found in the receiving species is more closely related to the genes of the donor species than ... HhMAN1 is a gene in the genome of the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) that resembles bacterial genes, and is thought ...
Fungal plant pathogens and diseases, All stub articles, Capnodiales stubs, Fungal plant disease stubs). ... "Detailed information of Plant Disease - Large lady palm Brown leaf spot". www.gene.affrc.go.jp. Retrieved 2022-10-04. v t e v t ... Cercospora rhapidicola is a fungal plant pathogen. " ...
"Transcriptional Rewiring of Fungal Galactose-Metabolism Circuitry". Current Biology. 17 (12): 1007-1013. doi:10.1016/j.cub. ... They also use inputs such as trans and cis sequence regulators of genes, and outputs such as gene expression level. Depending ... These biological gene circuits can be used synthetically to act as physical models for studying regulatory function. By ... This rewiring is defined by the change in regulatory-target gene interactions, while there is still conservation of regulatory ...
... gene rodA), these proteins are the main component of the hydrophobic sheath covering the surface of many fungal spores. Genomic ... a new Aspergillus developmental mutant induced by directed gene inactivation". Genes & Development. 5 (7): 1161-71. doi:10.1101 ... Nakari-Setälä T, Azeredo J, Henriques M, Oliveira R, Teixeira J, Linder M, Penttilä M (July 2002). "Expression of a fungal ... Wessels J, De Vries O, Asgeirsdottir SA, Schuren F (August 1991). "Hydrophobin Genes Involved in Formation of Aerial Hyphae and ...
"Comparison of loline alkaloid gene clusters across fungal endophytes: predicting the co-regulatory sequence motifs and the ... of selected LOL genes by RNA interference and gene knockout have directly confirmed the involvement of two of the LOL genes in ... of at least eleven genes. The LOL genes are greatly and coordinately upregulated during loline alkaloid production, and ... These tests and similarities in the peptide sequences of the proteins encoded by these genes to known enzymes indicate that one ...
A multi-gene phylogenetic analysis of downy mildews". Fungal Genetics and Biology. 44 (2): 105-122. doi:10.1016/j.fgb.2006.07. ...
A multi-gene phylogenetic analysis of downy mildews". Fungal Genetics and Biology. 44 (2): 105-22. doi:10.1016/j.fgb.2006.07. ... Other symptoms include lesions on spikelet, fungal growth on leaves, and necrosis on stems and leaves. Hyaloperonospora ...
Evidence from rDNA and β-Tubulin gene phylogenies". Fungal Divers. 24: 1-22. Botella, L.; Javier Diez, J. (2011). "Phylogenic ... Monden, Y.; Yamamoto, S.; Sunada, A.; Asari, S.; Makimura, K.; Inoue, Y. (2013). "First case of fungal keratitis caused by ... In 2013, the first case of fungal keratitis caused by Pestalotiopsis clavispora was recorded. Pestalotiopsis species are known ... Gangadevi V, Murugan M, Muthumary J (2008). "Taxol determination from Pestalotiopsis pauciseta, a fungal endophyte of a ...
Evidence from rDNA and β-Tubulin gene phylogenies". Fungal Divers. 24: 1-22. De Groot, J.J.M. (2003). The Religious System of ...
Ghabrial SA (1998). "Origin, adaptation and evolutionary pathways of fungal viruses". Virus Genes. 16 (1): 119-31. doi:10.1023/ ... Some genes of RNA virus are important to the viral replication cycles and mutations are not tolerated. For example, the region ... After this DNA is integrated into the host genome using the viral enzyme integrase, expression of the encoded genes may lead to ... On the other hand, the proposed definition of Riboviria did correctly mention RdRP . The majority of fungal viruses are double- ...
"Positive identification of a lambda gt11 clone containing a region of fungal phytase gene by immunoprobe and sequence ... "Transgenic maize plants expressing a fungal phytase gene". Transgenic Res. 17 (4): 633-643. doi:10.1007/s11248-007-9138-3. PMID ... characterization and overexpression of the phytase-encoding gene (phyA) of Aspergillus niger". Gene. 127 (1): 87-94. doi: ... Aspergillus (ficuum) niger fungal strain NRRL 3135 (ATCC 66876) was identified as a promising candidate as it was able to ...
"Decoding fungal genome: Salute to Dr Maqsudul Alam". Dhaka Courier. Archived from the original on 28 September 2014. Retrieved ... "Bangladeshi scientists invent fungus gene". New Age. 20 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. ... "BD scientists crack genome sequencing of fungal pathogen". The Financial Express. Dhaka. Retrieved 7 July 2013. " ...
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Torres-Garcia, Sito (2020). "Epigenetic gene silencing by heterochromatin primes fungal resistance". Nature. 585 (7825): 453- ... he discovered that genes are silenced when placed within fission yeast centromeres and telomeres, and then utilised this gene ... Ard, Ryan; Tong, Pin; Allshire, Robin C (2014). "Long non-coding RNA-mediated transcriptional interference of a permease gene ... Ard, Ryan; Allshire, Robin C (2016). "Transcription-coupled changes to chromatin underpin gene silencing by transcriptional ...
"The Drosophila Baramicin polypeptide gene protects against fungal infection". PLOS Pathogens. 17 (8): e1009846. doi:10.1371/ ... The gene encodes a protein that is split up into multiple parts. A testate amoeba genus was named Alabasta, partly in reference ... A gene in the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) was named "Baramicin", partly taking inspiration from the One Piece character ...
"The Drosophila Baramicin polypeptide gene protects against fungal infection". PLOS Pathogens. 17 (8): e1009846. doi:10.1371/ ... The Drosocin gene itself encodes two peptides (named Drosocin and Buletin), wherein it is specifically the Drosocin peptide ... The following genes are analogous or homologous between Drosophila melanogaster (in bold) and human TNFR1 signalling: Imd: ... The pathway is named after the discovery of a mutation causing severe immune deficiency (the gene was named "Imd" for "immune ...
"The Drosophila Baramicin polypeptide gene protects against fungal infection". PLOS Pathogens. 17 (8): e1009846. doi:10.1371/ ... The Baramicin gene family of D. melanogaster includes the immune-induced BaraA and also two non-immune Baramicin genes BaraB ... The Baramicin gene is part of the Toll pathway antifungal immune response. Flies lacking BaraA genetically are susceptible to ... The name of the Baramicin gene was inspired by One Piece character "Buggy" and derives from the Japanese expression "Bara Bara ...
Secondary Plastids of Euglenids and Chlorarachniophytes Function with a Mix of Genes of Red and Green Algal Ancestry Horizontal ... lichens are named and classified as fungal species. The association is termed a morphogenesis because the lichen has a form and ... The photobiont possibly triggers otherwise latent genes in the mycobiont. Trentepohlia is an example of a common green alga ... genes from Helicosporidium spp.: Evidence supporting the reclassification of Helicosporidia as green algae (Chlorophyta)". ...
Nishida, Hiromi; Yun, Choong-Soo (May 2011). "Extraction of tentative mobile introns in fungal histone genes". Mobile Genetic ... A majority of his work here centered around mitochondrial plasmid DNA found within fungal strains. Upon returning to St. Louis ...
May 2022). Larracuente A (ed.). "Giant Starship Elements Mobilize Accessory Genes in Fungal Genomes". Molecular Biology and ... database De novo gene birth Exon shuffling Gene fusion Gene duplication Horizontal gene transfer Virulence factors Miniature ... During their infective cycle they can carry genes from one host to another. They can also carry genes from one organism to ... Integrons: These are gene cassettes that usually carry antibiotic resistance genes to bacterial plasmids and transposons. ...
Bent AF, Mackey D (2007). "Elicitors, effectors, and R genes: the new paradigm and a lifetime supply of questions". Annual ... Fungal effectors are proteins or non-proteinaceous molecules (such as RNAs or small molecules) secreted by pathogenic fungi ... Kang IJ, Shim HK, Roh JH, Heu S, Shin DB (August 2018). "Simple Detection of Cochliobolus Fungal Pathogens in Maize". The Plant ... January 2019). "Conserved fungal effector suppresses PAMP-triggered immunity by targeting plant immune kinases". Proceedings of ...
These genes, termed InvA1,2,3,4,5 and 6, were overexpressed in E. coli and the genes were characterized by co-incubating the ... Fungal Genetics and Biology. 45 (11): 1487-1496. doi:10.1016/j.fgb.2008.08.009. PMID 18805498. Atromentin synthetase on www. ... The genes for the atromentin synthetase and aminotransferase from S. lacrymans were up-regulated during co-incubation with ... The genetic basis of these two genes is clustered (i.e., adjacent to one another). These enzymes were first characterized in ...
Zhuang, W. Y. (2005). "Re-disposition of specimens filed under Lachnea in HMAS" (PDF). Fungal Diversity. 18: 211-224. Retrieved ... Wang, Long; Zhuang, Wen-Ying (March 2007). "Phylogenetic analyses of penicillia based on partial calmodulin gene sequences". ... Luo, Jing; Zhuang, Wenying (2008). "Two new species of Cosmospora (Nectriaceae, Hypocreales) from China". Fungal Diversity. 31 ... Fungal Diversity. 24: 347-357. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.468.8232. Li, W.y.; Zhuang, W.y. (2007). "Re-examinations of Botryosphaeriaceae ...
"Chitinase Gene Expression during Mycoparasitic Interaction ofTrichoderma harzianumwith Its Host". Fungal Genetics and Biology. ... Genes encoding coproporphyrinogen oxidase, an essential enzyme in the heme biosynthetic pathway were found as well as genes ... Corrochano, Luis M. (2007). "Fungal photoreceptors: sensory molecules for fungal development and behaviour". Photochemical & ... Chaetomium cupreum has genes encoding cell wall hydrolases including: β 1-3 exoglucanase, endoglucanase IV, β glucosidase 5 and ...
Target Genes, Primer Sets, and Thermocycler Settings for Fungal DNA Amplification. *Anamorph and Teleomorph Names for Candida ... Target Genes, Primer Sets, and Thermocycler Settings for Fungal DNA Amplification. ... This tool assumes that fungal DNA already exists; it does not describe the procedure for purification of fungal DNA. ... Development of primer sets designed for use with the PCR to amplify conserved genes from filamentous ascomycetes. Appl Environ ...
Fungal Infections. * Gaucher Hormone Deficiency. * Gene Therapy. * Government. * Growth Hormone Deficiency. * Health Equity. ...
... the use of fungal genomes in taxonomy is currently rare. Genome sequences can be used to expand the number of genes used in ... Fungal genomes are among the smallest genomes of eukaryotes. The sizes of fungal genomes range from less than 10 Mbp to ... The comparison of fungal genomes has been used to study the evolution of fungi, to improve the resolution of the phylogeny of ... The sizes and gene numbers of the smallest genomes of free-living fungi such as those of Wallemia ichthyophaga, Wallemia ...
... transporters encoded by the CDR genes (CDR1 and CDR2) and major facilitators encoded by the MDR genes (2,12,26-28). Genes for ... After its uptake into the fungal cell, 5-FC ultimately leads to the disruption of DNA and protein synthesis of the fungal cell ... with additional genes expressed in biofilms (4,5). These observations provide further evidence for contact-induced gene ... Fungal Biofilms and Drug Resistance On This Page Microbial Biofilms Antifungal-Drug Resistance Antimicrobial-Drug Resistance ...
Fungal keratitis was first described by Leber in 1879. This entity is a very common cause of corneal infection in developing ... White TJ, Bruns T, Lee S, Tailor S. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. Innins ... Fungal keratitis also has been described to occur secondary to fungal endophthalmitis. In these cases, fungal organisms extend ... The incidence of fungal keratitis has increased over the past 30 years. [1] This increased occurrence of fungal keratitis is a ...
Author Spotlight: Expression and Purification of Human Solute Carrier Transporters Using Codon-Optimized Genes… ... Structural Elucidation Fungal Materials Plant Materials Solid-state NMR Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Biosystem Characterization ... Preparation of Fungal and Plant Materials for Structural Elucidation Using Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Solid-State NMR. ... Preparation of Fungal and Plant Materials for Structural Elucidation Using Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Solid-State NMR ...
Organization of genes in operon-like clusters has typically been associated with fungal genomes and operons present in bacteria ... thalianol cluster with four genes (up) and marneral cluster with three genes (down). In Cucumis sativus, six genes associated ... The triterpenoid biosynthetic genes can be organized in non-homologous gene clusters, such as in Avena spp., Cucurbitaceae and ... B) Biosynthesis of plant triterpenoids can be mediated by non-homologous clustered genes or through non-linked genes. In Avena ...
Investigation of bacterial and fungal communities in indoor and outdoor air of elementary school classrooms by 16s rRNA gene ... Investigation of bacterial and fungal communities in indoor and outdoor air of elementary school classrooms by 16s rRNA gene ... "Investigation of bacterial and fungal communities in indoor and outdoor air of elementary school classrooms by 16s rRNA gene ... "Investigation of bacterial and fungal communities in indoor and outdoor air of elementary school classrooms by 16s rRNA gene ...
Differential gene expression between viruliferous and non-viruliferous Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) - (Peer Reviewed Journal) ... Finished genome of the fungal wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola reveals dispensome structure, chromosome plasticity and ... Differential gene expression between viruliferous and non-viruliferous Schizaphis graminum (Rondani). PLOS ONE. 18(11):e0294013 ... Analyses of Expressed Sequence Tags from the Maize Foliar Pathogen Cercospora Zeae-maydis Identify Novel Genes Expressed during ...
Phylogenetic analysis based on portions of translation elongation factor 1-α (EF-1α) gene from 150 strains revealed six species ... Fungal Genet. Biol. 2011, 48, 1096-1107. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Wang, J.H.; Ndoye, M.; Zhang, J.B.; Li, H.P.; Liao, Y.C ... EF-1α gene sequences were assembled, trimmed and edited using GENEIOUS v. 5.4.5 [53]. Sequences were aligned manually using ... Fungal Genet. Biol. 2014, 73, 83-92. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Boutigny, A.L.; Ward, T.J.; Ballois, N.; Iancu, G.; Ioos, R ...
To validate its involvement in fungal detrimental activity, a gene from this family was introduced into the genome of a fungal ... or re-colonized with each of the selected 41 fungal isolates. This experiment identified a wide diversity of fungal effects on ... These genes encode effector-like small secreted proteins that could modulate the host immune system, and enzymes that can ... image: Figure 1. Photograph of 41 fungal isolates representative of the A. thaliana root mycobiome view more ...
Prediction of taxonomy for marker gene sequences such as 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is a fundamental task in microbiology. Most ... Next-generation sequencing of tags such as the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene and fungal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) ... These traits are surely determined by many genes, and conservation of these genes surely correlate only approximately with ... Accuracy of taxonomy prediction for 16S rRNA and fungal ITS sequences. PDF (1.8MB) Save to Mendeley Read in ReadCube RIS XML ...
Aspartate Aminotransferases, Base Sequence, Citrate (si)-Synthase, Escherichia coli, Genes, Fungal, Malate Dehydrogenase, ... Genes, Fungal; Malate Dehydrogenase; Malates; Mitochondria; Models, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data; Multienzyme Complexes; ...
View the species of the fungal homolog, the database source of the entry, and the Gene ID of the homolog from that database. ... Under normal conditions they found that the deletion of this gene caused two genes to go up in expression and two to go down. ... Presumably, they are surviving because that extra gene resulted in the CAN1 gene being mutated more often because of an ... Homologs: Information about known homologs for the gene of interest, such as the species of the homolog, the corresponding Gene ...
Efficient gene targeting and foreign DNA removal by homologous recombination in the picoeukaryote Ostreococcus. Plant Journal, ... Recent work with Gary Bending demonstrated that a substantial proportion of fungal and bacterial species exhibit daily changes ... Domestication of a number of crops has resulted in selection for specific alleles of circadian clock genes, and we need to ... This timing mechanism, known as the circadian clock, drives rhythmic changes in gene expression which in turn impact on a broad ...
Fruit-fungal interaction.. Induced defense response in fruits to biotic and abiotic stress.. Application of phenylalanine to ... A metabolic gene cluster in the wheat w1 and the barley cer-cqu loci determines β-diketone biosynthesis and glaucousness. Plant ... 2023). Revealing the mode of action of Phenylalanine application in inducing fruit resistance to fungal pathogens. Postharvest ... 2021). Double-stranded RNA targeting fungal ergosterol biosynthesis pathway controls Botrytis cinerea and postharvest grey ...
The researchers then used CRISPR - a gene editing technique - to modify the gene and found that the bryophyte could no longer ... with its fungal friend. ... The team identified a gene in M. paleacea that helped it ... but because both of the completely different plant groups reacted the same to the edited gene, it means they both received the ...
Uncultured fungi composed the fungal PCR-DGGE profile. The pH values decreased from 5.2 (time 0) to 3.9 at 36 h of fermentation ... and Klebsiella were identified by partial 16S rRNA gene sequence. As shown by Polimerase and Denaturing Gradient Gel ...
... is the most common fungal infection of the mouth (oral cavity). This article, however, focuses on noncandidal oral fungal ... Ribosomal gene phylogeny and species delimitation in Geotrichum and its teleomorphs. Stud Mycol. 2004. 50:489-515. ... encoded search term (Noncandidal Fungal Infections of the Mouth) and Noncandidal Fungal Infections of the Mouth What to Read ... Noncandidal Fungal Infections of the Mouth. Updated: Nov 23, 2022 * Author: Manuel Valdebran, MD; Chief Editor: William D James ...
MicroRNAs regulating genes involved in the pulmonary immune responses were those with the greatest fold change. Specifically, ... Objective: The impact of fungal viability on the pulmonary microRNA and messenger RNA profiles that regulate murine immune ... Total RNA was isolated from whole lung 24 and 48 hours post final exposure and was further processed for gene expression and ... Significantly downregulated (P < 0.05) miR-29a-3p was predicted to regulate TGF-â3 and Clec7a, genes involved in innate ...
... which is a fungal infection that can appear as hypopigmented patches. Apply as directed to the affected area daily until the ... Your genes. *Heat. *Injury. *Exposure to radiation (such as from the sun) ...
Mason J. Newark, Mathews L. Paret, Nicholas S. Dufault, Pamela D. Roberts, Shouan Zhang, Gary E. Vallad, Josh Freeman, and Gene ... The causal agent is the fungal-like organism (oomycete), Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Sitterly 1992). ... Gene McAvoy, UF/IFAS Extension Hendry County director and regional vegetable Extension agent; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, ...
They (or their precursors or components) are isolated from living sources-human, animal, plant, fungal, or microbial. ... gene therapies, tissues, recombinant therapeutic protein, and living cells used in cell therapy. Biologics can be composed of ...
Pennsylvania woman stricken with fungal meningitis filed a lawsuit last Friday in federal court against New England Compounding ... Cell & Gene Therapies: FDA Regulatory Considerations In 2024. Can Clinical Research Spectrum Make The Most of Gene Therapy. ... Home Press Releases Hagens Berman: Pennsylvania Woman with Fungal Meningitis Sues Drug Manufacturer ... A Red Lion, Pennsylvania woman stricken with fungal meningitis filed a lawsuit last Friday in federal court against New England ...
"As this pathogen lacks many of the known virulence (i.e., disease-causing) genes, we dont know exactly which genes are needed ... 14, 2020 Fungal spores responsible for bitter rot disease, a common and devastating infection in fruit, do not encounter their ... Scientists are studying genes of fruit flies to explore why an ... Using Population Genetics, Scientists Confirm Origins of ... "It could be something weve never seen before, such as a new gene or a mechanism that evolved in this species that isnt seen ...
The Drosophila Baramicin polypeptide gene protects against fungal infection. Mark Austin Hanson, Igor Iatsenko, Bruno Lemaitre ... At the genome level, AMP gene families rapidly expand or contract, which suggested single genes were unlikely to be important. ... I next investigated three lesser-characterized genes: Baramicin A, DptB, and Drosocin. The Baramicin A gene encodes multiple ... Genes encoding Cecropins are strongly induced upon infection, pointing to their role in host defense. In Drosophila, four ...
Ensembl Fungi is a genome-centric portal for fungal species of scientific interest ... Gene families. *. Literature. *. Fungal Compara*. Genomic alignments. *. Gene tree. *. Gene gain/loss tree ... A single transcript chosen for a gene which is the most conserved, most highly expressed, has the longest coding sequence and ...
It is my opinion that people become sensitized when the innate immune system is potentiated and expression of the genes ... fungal digestive enzymes, mycotoxins, etc. ...
  • This document describes some of the target genes and primers that can be used for DNA sequence-based identification of fungi and the PCR conditions with which to use those primers. (cdc.gov)
  • The sizes and gene numbers of the smallest genomes of free-living fungi such as those of Wallemia ichthyophaga, Wallemia mellicola or Malassezia restricta are comparable to bacterial genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The comparison of fungal genomes has been used to study the evolution of fungi, to improve the resolution of the phylogeny of fungal species, and to determine the time of the emergence and changes in species traits and lifestyles, such as the evolution symbiotic or pathogenic interactions, and the evolution of different morphologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term fungal keratitis refers to a corneal infection caused by fungi. (medscape.com)
  • Of the 70 different fungi that have been implicated as causing fungal keratitis, the 2 medically important groups responsible for corneal infection are yeast and filamentous fungi (septate and nonseptate). (medscape.com)
  • A feathery or powdery growth on the surface of culture media is produced by septate filamentary fungi, which are the most common cause of fungal keratitis. (medscape.com)
  • Fungal isolates have been classified into the following groups: Moniliaceae (nonpigmented filamentary fungi, including Fusarium and Aspergillus species), Dematiaceae (pigmented filamentary fungi, including Curvularia and Lasiodiplodia species), and yeasts (including Candida species). (medscape.com)
  • In a new study published in Nature Communications , Fantin Mesny and co-authors provide novel insights into how these fungi colonize roots, why many of them are potentially harmful and what differentiates beneficial from pathogenic fungi in the root mycobiome (i.e., the fungal component of the root microbiota). (eurekalert.org)
  • To better characterize these root-colonizing fungi in their broad diversity, researchers have isolated a variety of fungal strains from the roots of healthy plants across Europe and selected 41 that are representative of the root mycobiome of A.thaliana ( Figure 1 ). (eurekalert.org)
  • Surprisingly, the scientists found that most root mycobiota members - isolated from the roots of healthy plants - derived from ancestors that were likely pathogenic, and have retained a battery of genes that were previously shown to be lost in genomes of beneficial mycorrhizal fungi. (eurekalert.org)
  • The team identified a gene in M. paleacea that helped it maintain a symbiotic relationship with fungi, by allowing it to share lipids (fats) with its fungal friend. (cosmosmagazine.com)
  • Uncultured fungi composed the fungal PCR-DGGE profile. (who.int)
  • However, removing Delta Cec(A-C) in flies already lacking 10 other AMP genes revealed a role for Cecropins in defense against Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. (epfl.ch)
  • The mechanisms for liberating this N are unclear as ectomycorrhizal fungi have lost many genes encoding lignocellulose-degrading enzymes present in their saprotrophic ancestors. (lu.se)
  • We characterized gene family content across Onygenales and related fungi, and within Paracoccidioides we found expansions of the fungal-specific kinase family FunK1. (waw.pl)
  • In addition, introduction of C albicans strains with 2 functional copies of the INT1 gene increased the number of fungi colonizing the cecum and disseminating to extraintestinal sites. (medscape.com)
  • Fungal biofilm-associated infections are frequently refractory to conventional therapy because of resistance to antimicrobial agents. (cdc.gov)
  • The use of drugs effective in combating biofilm-associated infections could lead to major developments in the treatment of fungal implant infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Many fungal organisms associated with ocular infections are ubiquitous, saprophytic organisms and have been reported as causes of infection only in the ophthalmic literature. (medscape.com)
  • This article focuses on noncandidal oral fungal infections (deep mycoses). (medscape.com)
  • The oral lesions associated with these deep fungal infections are chronic and progress to form solitary, chronic deep ulcers with the potential for local destruction and invasion and systemic dissemination. (medscape.com)
  • Ms. Erkan's injections occurred at least 10 months before NECC recalled methylprednisolone acetate suspected to be linked to the fungal infections - raising serious concerns that the problems at NECC and the associated fungal meningitis outbreak began far earlier than the FDA, CDC, or state investigators have suggested. (worldpharmatoday.com)
  • For these reasons, fungal infections are often difficult to eradicate in the preterm infant. (medscape.com)
  • Although these immunocompromised infants are at increased risk during most of their hospital stay, they are at the highest risk of acquiring invasive fungal infections during the first weeks of life, when the most invasive therapies are performed and remain in place. (medscape.com)
  • The pathogenesis of fungal infections in preterm infants involves adherence, colonization, and dissemination (as is shown in the image below). (medscape.com)
  • Pathogenesis and invasive fungal infections in very low birth weight infants. (medscape.com)
  • Genome sequences can be used to expand the number of genes used in phylogenetic analyses, but many publicly available genomes lack gene annotations and popular rDNA markers are typically missing from genomic sequences or are incorrectly assembled. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Cucumis sativus , six genes associated with cucurbitacin biosynthesis are located in a cluster in chromosome 6, while four other genes are elsewhere in the genome. (frontiersin.org)
  • Using a combination of association methods, including machine-learning models, the authors then associated the fungal effects on A. thaliana growth to genome compositions, and successfully identified a candidate gene family that could explain the detrimental effects and root colonization abilities. (eurekalert.org)
  • To validate its involvement in fungal detrimental activity, a gene from this family was introduced into the genome of a fungal species that naturally does not harbour it. (eurekalert.org)
  • Information about known homologs for the gene of interest, such as the species of the homolog, the corresponding Gene ID from the Alliance of Genome Resources , and the name of the homolog. (yeastgenome.org)
  • In a new study, University of Illinois scientists, with the help of two undergraduate students, have assembled the first complete genome for the bacteria that causes the disease, Xanthomonas cucurbitae, and identified genes that are activated during infection. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Surprisingly, given its penchant for creating havoc in the field, Xanthomonas cucurbitae had the smallest genome and had fewer genes known to be important for other Xanthomonas species to cause disease. (sciencedaily.com)
  • In Drosophila, four cecropin genes clustered in the genome (CecA1, CecA2, CecB, and CecC) are expressed upon infection downstream of the Toll and Imd pathways. (epfl.ch)
  • At the genome level, AMP gene families rapidly expand or contract, which suggested single genes were unlikely to be important. (epfl.ch)
  • As this pathogen lacks many of the known virulence (i.e., disease-causing) genes, we don't know exactly which genes are needed by the pathogen to infect cucurbit plants," Hind says. (sciencedaily.com)
  • To get closer to an answer, the research team grew the bacteria in liquid media that mimicked its host environment and identified more than 400 genes whose expression was altered when the pathogen interacted with its "host. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Paracoccidioides is a fungal pathogen and the cause of paracoccidioidomycosis, a health-threatening human systemic mycosis endemic to Latin America. (waw.pl)
  • The present study investigates the interaction of the fungal pathogen Candida albicans with an antimicrobial surface bearing nanoscale protrusions. (edu.au)
  • While genomic distance measures such as the average nucleotide identity (ANI) are used routinely to distinguish bacterial species, the use of fungal genomes in taxonomy is currently rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, a fixed threshold genomic distance calculated tools such as Mash and Dashing was able to determine whether two genomes belong to the same or to different species with over 90% accuracy, indicating that simple measures of genomic distance might be useful to delineate fungal species and still largely support the existing fungal taxonomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • View the species of the fungal homolog, the database source of the entry, and the Gene ID of the homolog from that database. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Recent work with Gary Bending demonstrated that a substantial proportion of fungal and bacterial species exhibit daily changes in abundance in the rhizosphere of Arabidopsis plants. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • It could be something we've never seen before, such as a new gene or a mechanism that evolved in this species that isn't seen in the rest of the family. (sciencedaily.com)
  • The genomic mechanisms that underlie pulmonary immune responses to fungal bioaerosols have remained unclear. (cdc.gov)
  • Comparative genomic analysis of human fungal pathogens causing paracoccidioidomycosis. (waw.pl)
  • This experiment identified a wide diversity of fungal effects on plant growth, ranging from highly detrimental to beneficial. (eurekalert.org)
  • Fungal infection. (medscape.com)
  • Candidiasis (candidosis) is by far the most common fungal infection of the mouth (oral cavity). (medscape.com)
  • therefore, a diagnosis of a deep-seated fungal oral infection should prompt the clinician to investigate systemic involvement as well as to determine the integrity of the immune system of the affected individual. (medscape.com)
  • The most common presentation of oral deep fungal infection is a chronic, solitary ulcer or nodule. (medscape.com)
  • Selenium sulfide (Selsun Blue), ketoconazole, or tolnaftate (Tinactin) lotion can help treat tinea versicolor, which is a fungal infection that can appear as hypopigmented patches. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Genes encoding Cecropins are strongly induced upon infection, pointing to their role in host defense. (epfl.ch)
  • All of these factors place them at high risk for fungal infection. (medscape.com)
  • Fungal genomes are among the smallest genomes of eukaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sizes of fungal genomes range from less than 10 Mbp to hundreds of Mbp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to their compact size fungal genomes can be sequenced with less resources than most other eukaryotic genomes and are thus important models for research. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the last author of the study Stéphane Hacquard, "These results indicate that repertoires of plant cell-wall degrading enzymes in fungal genomes are key genetic determinants driving access to the root endosphere and explaining why robust root colonizers can potentially become harmful if they degrade roots too aggressively. (eurekalert.org)
  • These genomes range in size from 29.1 Mb to 32.9 Mb and encode 7,610 to 8,130 genes. (waw.pl)
  • [ 1 ] There is difficulty in establishing the clinical diagnosis, isolating the etiologic fungal organism in the laboratory, and treating the keratitis effectively with topical antifungal agents. (medscape.com)
  • The causal agent is the fungal-like organism (oomycete), Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Sitterly 1992). (ufl.edu)
  • To test this hypothesis, A. thaliana plants were grown in a closed system in the absence of any microorganism, or re-colonized with each of the selected 41 fungal isolates. (eurekalert.org)
  • Antimicrobial resistance occurs when organisms that cause disease evolve and are no longer affected by antimicrobials including antibiotics, anti-fungal and antiviral medicines. (cleanlink.com)
  • The COMBAT AMR consortium is studying drain biofilms from farms, healthcare settings and homes to understand the complexity of biofilms in different environments and the persistence of antimicrobial genes and multi-drug resistant organisms within those biofilms. (cleanlink.com)
  • The innovative model will be used during the project to measure the efficacy of several interventions to control the biofilms, explore the phenotypic characterizations of the key pathogens and establish an impact intervention to control antimicrobial resistant organisms on their resistance genes within the biofilms. (cleanlink.com)
  • As biofilms act as a reservoir for harmful, resistant pathogens, it is important to improve our understanding of antimicrobial genes and the impact of disinfection on complex biofilms. (cleanlink.com)
  • Additionally, the Onygenales have lost many genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism and fewer genes involved in protein metabolism, resulting in a higher ratio of proteases to carbohydrate active enzymes in the Onygenales than their relatives. (waw.pl)
  • Domestication of a number of crops has resulted in selection for specific alleles of circadian clock genes, and we need to understand how this impacted on plant-microbe interactions and the consequences for crop health and productivity. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Curated mutant alleles for the specified gene, listed alphabetically. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Ammonium secretion by Colletotrichum coccodes activates host NADPH oxidase activity enhancing host cell death and fungal virulence in tomato fruits. (agri.gov.il)
  • There are significant differences in the expression of C. albicans virulence-associated genes between the untreated and nanostructured surfaces. (edu.au)
  • These genes encode effector-like small secreted proteins that could modulate the host immune system, and enzymes that can degrade a large number of plant cell-wall constituents including pectin, cellulose and hemicellulose. (eurekalert.org)
  • In particular, they observed increased expression of genes for enzymes related to the breakdown of plant tissues, which are key for further development of the disease. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Prediction of taxonomy for marker gene sequences such as 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is a fundamental task in microbiology. (peerj.com)
  • Gene duplication, divergence, and selection are major forces that drive triterpenoid structural diversification. (frontiersin.org)
  • The incidence of fungal keratitis has increased over the past 30 years. (medscape.com)
  • GO Annotations consist of four mandatory components: a gene product, a term from one of the three Gene Ontology (GO) controlled vocabularies ( Molecular Function , Biological Process , and Cellular Component ), a reference, and an evidence code. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Phenotype annotations for a gene are curated single mutant phenotypes that require an observable (e.g., "cell shape"), a qualifier (e.g., "abnormal"), a mutant type (e.g., null), strain background, and a reference. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Conclusion and Clinical Relevance: Examination of the pulmonary genetic profiles revealed differentially expressed genes and microRNAs following subchronic inhalation exposure to A. fumigatus. (cdc.gov)
  • CRANBURY, NJ, USA I December 12, 2022 I Rocket Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: RCKT), a leading late-stage biotechnology company advancing an integrated and sustainable pipeline of genetic therapies for rare childhood disorders with high unmet need, today announces positive clinical data from its lentiviral (LV)-based gene therapy programs at the 64th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting, taking place in New Orleans, Louisiana, from December 10-13. (pipelinereview.com)
  • it does not describe the procedure for purification of fungal DNA. (cdc.gov)
  • 2007) Superfamily assignments for the yeast proteome through integration of structure prediction with the gene ontology. (yeastrc.org)
  • Click "Gene Ontology Details" to view all GO information and evidence for this locus as well as biological processes it shares with other genes. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Development of primer sets designed for use with the PCR to amplify conserved genes from filamentous ascomycetes. (cdc.gov)
  • However, in filamentous ascomycetes genes were found to be conserved within homologous chromosomes, but with randomized orders and orientations, a phenomenon named mesosynteny. (wikipedia.org)
  • The absence of a functional INT1 gene diminishes adherence in yeast cells but not filamentous forms. (medscape.com)
  • Other primer sets have been used for other genes, but those described below are the most consistently available in databases for the identification of yeasts and molds that are most likely to be identified in a clinical microbiology laboratory. (cdc.gov)
  • With better laboratory facilities, the awareness about fungal keratitis has increased. (medscape.com)
  • Background: Personal exposure to fungal bioaerosols derived from contaminated building materials or agricultur al commodities may induce or exacerbate a variety of adverse health effects. (cdc.gov)
  • Objective: The impact of fungal viability on the pulmonary microRNA and messenger RNA profiles that regulate murine immune responses was evaluated following subchronic inhalation exposure to Aspergillus fumigatus conidia. (cdc.gov)
  • Total RNA was isolated from whole lung 24 and 48 hours post final exposure and was further processed for gene expression and microRNA array analysis. (cdc.gov)
  • Furthermore, altered microRNAs may serve as potential biomarkers to evaluate fungal exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • The poster presentation includes positive updated data (cut-off October 26, 2022) from the ongoing Phase 2 pivotal trial of RP-L102, Rocket's ex vivo lentiviral gene therapy candidate for Fanconi Anemia (FA). (pipelinereview.com)
  • one patient with confirmed engraftment developed a T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma that was conclusively determined by the investigator, sponsor and the independent data monitoring committee to be related to FA (a cancer predisposition syndrome) and unrelated to RP-L102 gene therapy. (pipelinereview.com)
  • The poster presentation includes positive updated data (cut-off October 26, 2022) from two adult patients with significant anemia who were treated with RP-L301, Rocket's ex vivo lentiviral gene therapy candidate for Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKD). (pipelinereview.com)
  • A protocol for preparing 13 C, 15 N-labeled fungal and plant samples for multidimensional solid-state NMR spectroscopy and dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) investigations is presented. (jove.com)
  • (B) Biosynthesis of plant triterpenoids can be mediated by non-homologous clustered genes or through non-linked genes. (frontiersin.org)
  • The resulting mutant strain was able to colonize roots more aggressively than the original isolate and this increase in fungal load in roots was associated with a penalty on plant performance. (eurekalert.org)
  • This timing mechanism, known as the circadian clock, drives rhythmic changes in gene expression which in turn impact on a broad range of processes, including for example photosynthesis, responses to cold, heat or drought stress, changes in leaf position, opening and closing of petals, and overall plant growth. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • This had been previously demonstrated in vascular plants, but because both of the completely different plant groups reacted the same to the edited gene, it means they both received the trait from an ancient ancestor. (cosmosmagazine.com)
  • The prevailing model of generalist AMP action was ill equipped to explain these findings.In my PhD, I have systematically deleted the AMP genes of fruit flies to clarify AMP defences in vivo. (epfl.ch)
  • The early stage of fungal keratitis remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the ophthalmologist. (medscape.com)
  • MicroRNAs regulating genes involved in the pulmonary immune responses were those with the greatest fold change. (cdc.gov)
  • In another case, deleting just the Bomanin gene family caused immune susceptibility mimicking loss of Toll signalling generally. (epfl.ch)
  • Differential gene expression between viruliferous and non-viruliferous Schizaphis graminum (Rondani). (usda.gov)
  • But if a recent study by Costa and coworkers in Scientific Reports holds up, they might want to think about switching to using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae L-ASNase encoded by the ASP1 gene. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Together these observations led to the assump-tion that individual genes contributed only small effects, and instead the cumulative cocktail of AMPs was key to a successful de-fence response. (epfl.ch)
  • The researchers then used CRISPR - a gene editing technique - to modify the gene and found that the bryophyte could no longer carry on its symbiotic relationship with the fungus. (cosmosmagazine.com)
  • These primers amplify approximately 717 bp of the coding region of the EF-1α gene. (cdc.gov)
  • [ 1 ] This increased occurrence of fungal keratitis is a result of the frequent use of topical corticosteroids along with antibacterial agents in treating patients with keratitis. (medscape.com)
  • Corneal trauma is the most frequent and major risk factor for fungal keratitis. (medscape.com)
  • Boreal trees rely on their ectomycorrhizal fungal symbionts to acquire growth-limiting nutrients, such as nitrogen (N), which mainly occurs as proteins complexed in soil organic matter (SOM). (lu.se)
  • To determine if gene content correlated with growth on different substrates, we screened the non-pathogenic onygenale Uncinocarpus reesii, which has orthologs for 91% of Paracoccidioides metabolic genes, for growth on 190 carbon sources. (waw.pl)

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