Travel to another country for the purpose of medical treatment.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
An island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It is chiefly of coral formation with no good harbors and only small streams. It was probably discovered by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The name was given by 16th-century Spanish explorers from barbados, the plural for "bearded", with reference to the beard-like leaves or trails of moss on the trees that grew there in abundance. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p116 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p49)
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
A genus of aerobic, helical spirochetes, some species of which are pathogenic, others free-living or saprophytic.
A genus of microorganisms of the order SPIROCHAETALES, many of which are pathogenic and parasitic for man and animals.
A genus of question mark-shaped bacteria spirochetes which is found in fresh water that is contaminated by animal urine. It causes LEPTOSPIROSIS.
The causative agent of venereal and non-venereal syphilis as well as yaws.
Infections with bacteria of the genus LEPTOSPIRA.
A genus of gram-negative, nonmotile bacteria which are common parasitic inhabitants of the urogenital tracts of humans, cattle, dogs, and monkeys.
A specific species of bacteria, part of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP, whose common name is Lyme disease spirochete.
Infections with bacteria of the genus UREAPLASMA.
A species of gram-negative bacteria found in the human genitourinary tract (UROGENITAL SYSTEM), oropharynx, and anal canal. Serovars 1, 3, 6, and 14 have been reclassed into a separate species UREAPLASMA parvum.
Inflammation involving the URETHRA. Similar to CYSTITIS, clinical symptoms range from vague discomfort to painful urination (DYSURIA), urethral discharge, or both.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Infections with bacteria of the order MYCOPLASMATALES.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Hard or soft soluble containers used for the oral administration of medicine.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Infections with bacteria of the genus LEGIONELLA.
An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
Gram-negative aerobic rods, isolated from surface water or thermally polluted lakes or streams. Member are pathogenic for man. Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent for LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE. It has been isolated from numerous environmental sites as well as from human lung tissue, respiratory secretions, and blood.
Metastatic lesion of the UMBILICUS associated with intra-abdominal neoplasms especially of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or OVARY.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Ureaplasma and mycoplasma are rare causes. There is some circumstantial evidence for other organisms causing the disease, but ... Other bacteria known to cause reactive arthritis which are more common worldwide are Ureaplasma urealyticum, Salmonella spp., ... A bout of food poisoning or a gastrointestinal infection may also precede the disease (the last four genera of bacteria ...
This family consists of the genera Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. Its type strain is T960. There are two known biovars of this ... Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium belonging to the genus Ureaplasma and the family Mycoplasmataceae in the order ... Ureaplasma Infection at eMedicine Ureaplasma Genome Projects from Genomes OnLine Database Type strain of Ureaplasma urealyticum ... It was found that the most closely related species strain of Ureaplasma to Ureaplasma urealyticum was Ureaplasma diversum ( ...
Taylor-Robinson D (November 2017). "Mollicutes in vaginal microbiology: Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma ... Ureaplasma parvum is a species of Ureaplasma, a genus of bacteria belonging to the family Mycoplasmataceae. Ureaplasma parvum ... October 2003). "Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum are detected in semen after washing before assisted reproductive ... May 2012). "Comparative genome analysis of 19 Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum strains". BMC Microbiology. 12 (1): ...
This family consists of the genera Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. In 1967, the order Mycoplasmatales was incorporated into the ... Ureaplasma gallorale Ureaplasma loridis Ureaplasma parvum Ureaplasma urealyticum Both Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma ... It includes the species: Ureaplasma canigenitalium Ureaplasma cati Ureaplasma diversum Ureaplasma felinum ... Ureaplasma is the second of two genera of bacteria belonging to the family Mycoplasmataceae. As the name implies, ureaplasma is ...
Streptococcus rattus Streptococcus salivarius Streptococcus sanguis Streptococcus sobrinus Treponema Ureaplasma urealyticum ... Mycoplasma Mycoplasma fermentans Mycoplasma genitalium Mycoplasma hominis Mycoplasma penetrans Mycoplasma pneumoniae Mycoplasma ... Yersinia Yersinia enterocolitica Yersinia pestis Yersinia pseudotuberculosis List of bacterial orders List of bacteria genera ...
... is an infection by two species in the genus Ureaplasma, Infections caused Ureaplasma urealyticum are more ... Ureaplasma and mycoplasma on cervical cultures does not indicate infidelity or sexual misconduct but infection can be found in ... Larsen, Bryan; Hwang, Joseph (2010). "Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: A Fresh Look". Infectious ... This infection can also be transmitted vertically from an infected mother to her child before or after birth.[1] Ureaplasma spp ...
Representative pathogenic genera include Chlamydia, Streptococcus, Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma, and others. The following represents ... infections in adults caused by Chlamydia trachomatis Psittacosis Nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum ... Chlamydia psittaci: 0.03 μg/mL Mycoplasma pneumoniae: 0.016 μg/mL - 2 μg/mL Streptococcus pneumoniae: 0.06 μg/mL - 32 μg/mL ... December 2012). "Rapid effectiveness of minocycline or doxycycline against macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection ...
The family Mycoplastaceae includes the genera Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. Bacteria in the genus Ureaplasma are known commensals ... Blanchard, A., Razin, S., Kenny, G. E., & Barile, M. F. (1988). "Characteristics of Ureaplasma urealyticum urease". Journal of ... evidencing their close proximity in the genus Mycoplasma. Of the over 100 documented species in the genus Mycoplasma, 14 are ... Mycoplasma orale is a small bacterium found in the class Mollicutes. It belongs to the genus Mycoplasma, a well-known group of ...
Xiaolei C, Taot H, Zongli S, Hongying Y (2014). "The role of ureaplasma urealyticum infection in cervical intraepithelial ... Mycoplasma (plural mycoplasmas or mycoplasmata) is a genus of bacteria that lack a cell wall around their cell membranes. This ... Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma species are not part of the normal vaginal flora. Some Mycoplasma species are spread through sexual ... Over 100 species have been included in the genus Mycoplasma. Microbes of the class Mollicutes, to which Mycoplasma belongs, are ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... Phylogeny of the genus Bacillus according to [15]. See also[edit]. *Paenibacillus and Virgibacillus, genera of bacteria ... where they divide the genus into 10 groups, which includes the nested genera Paenibacillus, Brevibacillus, Geobacillus, ... Bacillus is a genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria and a member of the phylum Firmicutes. Bacillus species can be ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... Prior to 1984, enterococci were members of the genus Streptococcus; thus, E. faecalis was known as Streptococcus faecalis.[24] ... Like other species in the genus Enterococcus, E. faecalis is found in healthy humans, but can cause life-threatening infections ... "Transfer of Streptococcus faecalis and Streptococcus faecium to the Genus Enterococcus nom. rev. as Enterococcus faecalis comb ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... Whiley RA, Hardie JM (2009). Genus I. Streptococcus Rosenbach 1884. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology: Vol 3: The ... as reflected by the genus name Streptococcus). It is a beta-hemolytic, catalase-negative, and facultative anaerobe.[1][2] In ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... facultative anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus.[1] They are usually found in pairs (diplococci) and do not form spores ... "The Families and Genera of the Bacteria: Final Report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on ...
Mycoplasma hominis). *Syphilis (Treponema pallidum). *Ureaplasma infection (Ureaplasma urealyticum) ... Genus: Rhadinovirus. Species: Human herpesvirus 8. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the ninth known human ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... Billroth also coined the genus name Streptococcus. The organism was first cultured in 1883 by the German surgeon Friedrich ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... Other causes of myonecrosis include envenomation by snakes of the genus Bothrops (family Viperidae), ischemic necrosis, caused ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... tsetse fly, day-biting fly of the genus Glossina Chagas disease Trypanosoma cruzi colon, esophagus, heart, nerves, muscle and ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum *Ureaplasma infection. *Mycoplasma genitalium. *Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasma pneumonia. ... Regarding the pronunciation of the current and former genus assignments, Clostridioides is /klɒˌstrɪdiˈɔɪdis/ and Clostridium ... The genus name is from the Greek klōstēr (κλωστήρ), "spindle",[117] and the specific name is from Latin difficile, neuter ... Both genera still have species assigned to them, but this species is now classified in the former. Via the norms of binomial ...
Mycoplasma hominis). *Syphilis (Treponema pallidum). *Ureaplasma infection (Ureaplasma urealyticum) ... "Genus β human papillomaviruses and incidence of basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of skin: population based case-control ...
Mycoplasma hominis infection. *Ureaplasma urealyticum infection. *Omphalitis. *Neonatal sepsis *Group B streptococcal infection ... Pregnancy alters the vaginal flora with a reduction in microscopic species/genus diversity.[124] ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum Mycoplasma genitalium Chapter Summary Review Questions 26. Rickettsia and Related Genera General ... Mycoplasmas Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Atypical Pneumonias Mycoplasma hominis Ureaplasma urealyticum Mycoplasma genitalium ... Mycoplasmas and Cell Wall-Defective Bacteria Mycoplasmas Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Atypical Pneumonias Mycoplasma hominis ... The Streptococci, Enterococci, and Related Genera Classification of Streptococci Streptococci, Enterococci, and Related Genera ...
... and specific identification of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma spp. (Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum) from ... Multiple species of the genera Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma can infect the human genitourinary tract. These include M. hominis, U ... www.infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/genital-mycoplasmas-ureaplasma /article/610286/ (Retrieved: 29 Jan 2019) ... Ureaplasma and M. hominis have been associated with bacteremia, pneumonia and meningoencephalitis in neonates. Genital M ...
This family consists of the genera Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. Its type strain is T960. There are two known biovars of this ... Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium belonging to the genus Ureaplasma and the family Mycoplasmataceae in the order ... Ureaplasma Infection at eMedicine Ureaplasma Genome Projects from Genomes OnLine Database Type strain of Ureaplasma urealyticum ... It was found that the most closely related species strain of Ureaplasma to Ureaplasma urealyticum was Ureaplasma diversum ( ...
... ureaplasma spirochetes-borrelia, leptospira,treponema chlamydia, rickettsia Mycobacterium att. Spirochetales Genus : TREPONEMA ... Mycoplasma pneumoniae, M. hominis, Ureaplsma urealyticum. The smallest bacteria without cell wall living free in nature - PNC ... An Interactive Key to the Genus Galanthus L. -An interactive key to the genus galanthus l. genus containing 19 species, 22 ... Mycoplasma 69 serotypes and ureaplasma 3 serotypes. Common properties, commonly present in the nature, 3 human pathogens, ...
Ureaplasma and mycoplasma are rare causes. There is some circumstantial evidence for other organisms causing the disease, but ... Other bacteria known to cause reactive arthritis which are more common worldwide are Ureaplasma urealyticum, Salmonella spp., ... A bout of food poisoning or a gastrointestinal infection may also precede the disease (the last four genera of bacteria ...
... can test for the presence of Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma genus screen, Herpes simplex viruses (HSV 1 and HSV 2 combined ... and Mycoplasma hominis are found in the vagina in women with BV. Investigators are studying the role that each of these ...
Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Treponema pallidum. Ureaplasma urealyticum. The following in vitro data are available, but their ... less than or equal to the susceptible breakpoint for erythromycin against isolates of similar genus or organism group. However ... erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum. ... For Treatment of Urethritis Due to C. trachomatis or U. urealyticum. 800 mg three times a day for 7 days. ...
... a transposon-borne determinant initially found in the genus Streptococcus and more recently in Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma ... urealyticum, and Gardnerella vaginalis. In N. gonorrhoeae, the tetM determinant was located on a 25.2-megadalton plasmid. This ...
Bacteraemia and pelvic infection in women due to Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis. Med. J. Aust.146:135-137. ... Genus- and species-specific identification of mycoplasmas by 16S rRNA amplification. Appl. Environ. Microbiol.58:2606-2615. ( ... Sternotomy infection due to Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.14:597-598. ... Bromothymol blue broth: improved medium for detection of Ureaplasma urealyticum (T-strain mycoplasma). J. Clin. Microbiol.7:127 ...
Genus Mycoplasmas and Genus Ureaplasmas are included in class Mollicutes. Different Mycoplasma species ( Mycoplasma hominis, ... Ureaplasmaurealyticum. UU AS. 5′ ACT ATA TTT CTA TAG CGT CGC AA 3′. 900 bp. ... Simultaneous detection of Ureaplasma parvum, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis by ... Frequency of Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum among Females Patients Attending Gynecology ...
Multiple species of the genera Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma can infect the human genitourinary tract. These include M. hominis, M ... Doxycycline is the treatment of choice for M. hominis and U. urealyticum.Duration and dose vary by site of infection, and are ... Larsen, B, Hwang, J. "Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a fresh look". Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2010. ( ... Ito, S, Tsuchiya, T, Yasuda, M, Yokoi, S, Nakano, M, Deguchi, T. " Prevalence of genital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas in men ...
For PCR, samples were analysed with genus-specific MyUu-R and MyUu-F primers. This primer set, which was originally designed in ... Ureaplasma Infections/microbiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum/classification , Ureaplasma urealyticum/genetics , Ureaplasma ... The aim of this investigation was to simultaneously detect and differentiate Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum ... Simultaneous and rapid differential diagnosis of Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum based on a polymerase chain ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum. • Mycoplasma hominis. GRAM-POSITIIVSED PULKBAKTERID. Genus Lactobacillus.. Nende hulk preparaadis ... Ureaplasma urealyticum DNA, Ureaplasma parvum DNA (U urealyticum DNA, U parvum DNA) ... Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae DNA (C pneumoniae, M pneumoniae DNA). *Clostridium difficile toksiin A/B uuring ... Genus Staphylococcus. S. aureus koosluses E. coli, B grupi streptokokkidega ja Trichomonas vaginalisega võivad põhjustada ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum is a cause of nongonococcal urethritis in men and is associated with lung disease in premature infants ... Other members of the genus Mycoplasma are pathogens of the respiratory and urogenital tracts and joints of humans and animals. ... mycoplasmas require the addition of serum or cholesterol to the medium to produce sterols for growth); (3) mycoplasmas are ... growth of mycoplasmas is inhibited by specific antibody; and (6) mycoplasmas have an affinity for mammalian cell membranes. ...
Ureaplasma infection is an infection by two species in the genus Ureaplasma, Infections caused Ureaplasma urealyticum are more ... Ureaplasma and mycoplasma on cervical cultures does not indicate infidelity or sexual misconduct but infection can be found in ... Larsen, Bryan; Hwang, Joseph (2010). "Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: A Fresh Look". Infectious ... This infection can also be transmitted vertically from an infected mother to her child before or after birth.[1] Ureaplasma spp ...
Is genital colonization with Mycoplasma hominis or Ureaplasma urealyticum associated with prematurity/low birth weight? ... Poxviruses Four genera of the subfamily Chordopoxvirinae, family Poxviridae, (Orthopoxvirus, Parapoxvirus, Yatapoxvirus, and ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum Susceptibility Testing For specific information regarding susceptibility test interpretive criteria and ... Mycoplasma hominis Mycoplasma pneumoniae The following in vitro data are available, but their clinical significance is unknown ... less than or equal to the susceptible breakpoint for azithromycin against isolates of similar genus or organism group. However ... due to Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or Mycoplasma hominis in patients who require initial intravenous therapy ...
Ureaplasma urealyticum Susceptibility Testing For specific information regarding susceptibility test interpretive criteria and ... Mycoplasma pneumoniae The following in vitro data are available, but their clinical significance is unknown. At least 90 ... less than or equal to the susceptible breakpoint for azithromycin against isolates of similar genus or organism group. However ... Community-acquired pneumonia (, 6 months of age) due to Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae ...
Aerobic and anaerobic cultures remained sterile as did cultures for Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis on special ... nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new ... abortus is highly likely, and this genus can cause PID in a way similar to that proposed for C. trachomatis. Thus, we conclude ... multiple expositions to a member of the genus Chlamydiaceae (10). The high immunofluorescence assay titer to Cp. psittaci is ...
Mycoplasma, e.g., M. genitalium; Ureaplasma, e.g., U. urealyticum; Trichomonas, e.g., T. vaginalis; Cryptococcus, e.g., C. ... genus Borrelia, e.g., B burgdorferi; genus Leptospira; Streptobacillus, e.g., S. moniliformis; Spirillum, e.g., S. minus; ... Amoebas of the genera Naegleria or Acanthamoeba; Entamoeba histolytica; Giardia lamblia; genus Cryptosporidium, e.g., C. parvum ... abscessus, M. fallax, M. fortuitum, M. malmoense, M. shimoidei, M. simiae, M. szulgai, M. xenopi; Mycoplasma, e.g., M. hominis ...
Legionella spp., Mycoplasma spp. and Ureaplasma urealyticum. Drugs Exp Clin Res 17: 91-99, 1991.Google Scholar ... Karr DE, Bibb WF, Moss CW: Isoprenoid quinones of the genus Legionella. J Clin Microbiol 15: 1044-1048, 1982.PubMedGoogle ... Nunn C, Chereshsky A, Pearce JL: Atypical pneumonia caused by dual infection with Legionella pneumophila and Mycoplasma ... and other newly recognized members of the genus Legionella to nineteen antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 20: ...
Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum] in clinical samples from patients with genital ... The PCR was found to be highly sensitive when genus specific primers were used for diagnosis of genital mycoplasmas in ... Of the 210 samples, mycoplasma strains were isolated from 83 patients [39.5%], [23 mycoplasma isolates, 11%; and 69 ureaplasma ... Ureaplasma urealyticum], and 630bp fragment [Mycoplasma hominis]. Samples containing a band of the expected sizes for ...
2A), Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma species (Fig. 2B), Borrelia burgdorferi and Treponema pallidum (Fig. 2C), and ... and the common ancestor of the Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma genera. However, the resolution power of 16S rRNA for determination of ... Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma). These events of gene loss had to be quite recent, undoubtedly linked to a relationship between the ... Ureaplasma, and Mycoplasma. Some of these organisms have become auxotrophic following loss of the Trp branch (Enterococcus), ...
Kwak D-W, Hwang H-S, Kwon J-Y, Park Y-W, Kim Y-H. Co-infection with vaginal Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis ... Genus- and species-specific identification of mycoplasmas by 16S rRNA amplification. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1992;58:2606-15. ... Some Mollicutes (Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma) species lack a cpn60 gene [38]. Thus, we performed a family-specific semi-nested ... Mollicutes (Mycoplasma and/or Ureaplasma) were detected by family-specific conventional PCR in 28/46 (60%) of pregnant women ...
... and Ureaplasma urealyticum (mOR = 7.42, 95% CI 1.3-42.46) had the strongest associations with HPV clearance, and Lactobacillus ... Ureaplasma urealyticum (mOR = 7.42, 95% CI 1.3~ 42.5) and Gardnerella vaginalis (mOR = 17.0, 95% CI 2.18-131.8) were more ... Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium in the Vaginal Microbiota and Persistent High-Risk Human PapillomavirusInfection. ... We found that women with high proportions of Lactobacillus johnsonii, Haemophilus (genus) and Mycoplasmataceae (family) had the ...
Genera under the Family Mycoplasmataceae Mycoplasma. Ureaplasma 2 Substance required for growth by the Family Mycoplasmataceae ... Mycoplasma spp. that is a common cause of mild pneumonia in people younger than 40 yrs of age ...
Mycoplasma. a. Background. Ureaplasma Urealyticum & Mycoplasma Hominis. b. Diagnostic Tests. c. Vaccines and Drugs. 47. ... The Genus Taphylococcus. b. Diagnostic Tests. c. Vaccines and Drugs. Prevention. 61. Streptococci. a. Background. b. Diagnostic ... France Mycoplasma Test Volume and Diagnostics Sales Forecast by Market Segment. France Papilloma Virus Test Volume and ... France Mycoplasma Testing Market Diagnostics Sales by Major Supplier. France RSV Testing Market Diagnostics Sales by Major ...
Nichols NC_011374.1 Ureaplasma urealyticum serovar 10 str. ATCC 33699 NC_009457.1 Vibrio cholerae O395 chromosome 2 NC_004088.1 ... genus, classes, clades, genera or other such groupings of bioagents above the species level. As used herein, "broad range ... 000912.1 Mycoplasma pneumoniae M129 NC_011035.1 Neisseria gonorrhoeae NCCP11945 NC_003116.1 Neisseria meningitidis Z2491 NC_ ... a first organism is a particular genus of bacteria and the second organism is a different genus of bacteria. In other ...
Epidemiology and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of mycoplasma sp. and ureaplasma urealyticum  Govender, Sharlene ( ... The genus Mycobacterium is a group of acid-fast, aerobic, slow- growing organisms which include more than 90 different species ... ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Overview: Mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas are not routinely diagnosed and are under researched in South Africa. ... A member of this genus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis ... ...
genus: mycoplasma species: m. pneumoniae species: m. hominis species: m. genitalium genus: ureaplasma species: u. urealyticum ...
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae causes pneumonia and has been associated with joint and other infections. (mhmedical.com)
  • Mycoplasma genitalium is closely related to M pneumoniae and has been associated with urethral and other urogenital infections. (mhmedical.com)
  • due to Chlamydophila pneumoniae , Haemophilus influenzae , Legionella pneumophila , Moraxella catarrhalis , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Staphylococcus aureus , or Streptococcus pneumoniae in patients who require initial intravenous therapy. (nih.gov)
  • The definite relationship between Mycoplasma pneumoniae and the primary atypical pneumoniae was established. (mold-help.org)
  • Mycoplasma Infections for a discussion of M pneumoniae infection. (blogspot.com)
  • Amebiasis entamoeba histolytica diphtheria corynebacterium diphtheriae hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome bunyaviridae human papillomavirus mycoplasma pneumonia mycoplasma pneumoniae hortaea werneckii pityriasis versicolor toxocariasis tuberculosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Babesiosis babesia genus moniliasis chagas disease clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile coccidioides posadasii dracunculiasis dracunculus medinensis fasciolopsiasis fasciolopsis buski fasciola gigantica donovanosis human papillomavirus mono kuru kuru prion mycobacterium lepromatosis mc mycoplasma pneumonia mycoplasma pneumoniae neonatal conjunctivitis paracoccidioidomycosis whooping cough primary amoebic meningoencephalitis rat-bite fever streptobacillus moniliformis rhinosporidiosis rhinosporidium seeberi sepsis multiple herpes zoster staphylococcal infection staphylococcus genus visceral larva migrans yersiniosis yersinia enterocolitica. (squareflair.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma pneumoniae are among the dozen types of mycoplasma that occ. (fuyanpills.com)
  • Numerous Mycoplasma species have been isolated from animals and humans, but Mycoplasma pneumoniae stands out as the clearest and most important human pathogen. (mhmedical.com)
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an aerobe, but most other species are facultatively anaerobic. (mhmedical.com)
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the best known and most intensely studied mycoplasma that occurs in humans. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae has been detected by culture or PCR from extrapulmonary sites such as synovial fluid and cerebrospinal fluid, pericardial fluid, and skin lesions. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae) -are mostly caused by: respiratory viruses (see further) atypical bacteria, (Mycoplasma pneumoniae, or Chlamydia/Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Legionella sp. (slideplayer.com)
  • The established human mycoplasma floracomprises:- M. pneumoniae - M. hominis- M. salivarium- M. orale- M. buccale- M. faucium- M. fermentans- M. genitalium Of these mycoplasmas M. pneumoniae is thepredominant pathogen. (yumpu.com)
  • PleuroPneumonia-Like Organisms(PPLO): term first used to describemicroorganism now known as Mycoplasma pneumoniae , responsiblefor 10-30% of lower respiratoryinfections (acute bronchitis andpneumonia in adult humans). (yumpu.com)
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae is second only to the pneumococcus as a cause of community-acquired pneumonia. (mhmedical.com)
  • The most important mycoplasma in terms of human infections is Mycoplasma pneumoniae . (ppdictionary.com)
  • Mycoplasmas may cause chronic lung disease in newborns and chronic asthma in adults, and Chlamydia pneumoniae , a recently identified common cause of acute respiratory infection, has been associated with atherosclerosis. (cdc.gov)
  • The present invention also relates to antibody useful to a detection of microorganism that belongs to Mycoplasma pneumoniae , which is the cause microorganism of common pneumonia, a detection method of the microorganism, a reagent kit for the detection of the microorganism, and a method for preparing the antibody useful to a detection of the microorganism. (justia.com)
  • The invention is important to pharmaceutical industry specifically to the diagnosis of atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae , and has industrial applicability in the art. (justia.com)
  • The invention can be useful for detecting the species Mycoplasma pneumoniae in test samples, such as from throat swabs, tissue samples, body fluids, experimental solutions and cultures. (justia.com)
  • Mycoplasma genitalium infection as well as Ureaplasma urealyticum are related to many reproductive health problems such as cervicitis, urethritis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • the aim of this study was detection of Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum cervical colonization among childbearing age females attending Gynecology and Obstetrics clinics at Ain Shams University Hospital by using polymerase chain reaction. (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • The detection of Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum was performed by using polymerase chain reaction. (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • In adults, colonization with M. hominis, M. genitalium and U. urealyticum is associated with sexual activity. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Simultaneous and rapid differential diagnosis of Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum based on a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. (bvsalud.org)
  • The aim of this investigation was to simultaneously detect and differentiate Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum in female patients suffering from genital complications by polymerase chain reaction ( PCR )- restriction fragment length polymorphism ( RFLP ). (bvsalud.org)
  • This primer set, which was originally designed in our laboratory , amplified a 465 bp fragment (M. genitalium) and a 559 bp fragment (U. urealyticum). (bvsalud.org)
  • The PCR - RFLP results showed that M. genitalium and U. urealyticum are different by enzyme patterns. (bvsalud.org)
  • PCR - RFLP offers a rapid and easily applicable protocol to simultaneous detection and differentiation of M. genitalium and U. urealyticum from clinical samples when specific primers and restriction enzymes are used. (bvsalud.org)
  • The smallest genome of known mycoplasmas, M genitalium , is little more than twice the genome size of certain large viruses. (mhmedical.com)
  • Comparison of polymerase chain reaction [PCR] and culture for detection of genital mycoplasma [Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum] in clinical samples from patients with genital infections. (bvsalud.org)
  • Serologic studies and PCR have enhanced knowledge of several other fastidious and slow-growing mycoplasmal organisms, including Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma fermentans, Mycoplasma pirum, and Mycoplasma penetrans, and their possible roles in certain pathologic conditions in humans. (blogspot.com)
  • Mycoplasma genitalium, as the mycoplasma that invades the human urogenital as same as the ureaplasma urealyticum, mycoplasma hominis, can be treated by medicineslike Tetracyclines, Macrolides and Quinolones. (fuyanpills.com)
  • particularly U. urealyticum , and M. genitalium are causes of nongonococcal urethritis in men. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Mycoplasma genitalium also plays a significant role in female cervicitis and salpingitis. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • In addition, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Mycoplasma hominis , Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum might be associated with some cases of PID. (symptoma.com)
  • Morphology of human Fallopian tubes after infection with Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis - in vitro organ culture study. (symptoma.com)
  • Mycoplasma genitalium is the smallest self-replicating organism and a successful human pathogen associated with a range of genitourinary maladies. (asm.org)
  • Some strains originally classified as U. urealyticum should be treated as a new species, U. parvum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antimicrobial activity of Manuka honey against antibiotic-resistant strains of the cell wall-free bacteria Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • A case of sternal wound infection likely due to Ureaplasma parvum is described. (asm.org)
  • There is no adequate evidence that M. hominis, U. parvum or U. urealyticum , can cause cervicitis, vulvovaginitis, urethritis, PID or infertility, but some studies showed an association between the colonization by one of these microorganisms and a disease condition 6,7 . (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • Ureaplasma infection is an infection by two species in the genus Ureaplasma , Infections caused Ureaplasma urealyticum are more common than infections caused by Ureaplasma parvum . (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2 Ureaplasma biovars, Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum, have now been designated as separate species. (blogspot.com)
  • A multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay was used to speciate Ureaplasma positive specimens as either U. parvum or U. urealyticum . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Speciation indicated that U. parvum was the predominant Ureaplasma spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Direct G. vaginalis quantification correlated strongly with its pyrosequencing-read abundance, and Mollicutes, including Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma parvum, and Ureaplasma urealyticum , were detected in most samples. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Ureaplasma urealyticum , U. parvum , and M. hominis are commensal organisms in the lower genital tract in many sexually active adults. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • AIM: Ureaplasma parvum, Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis are also known as genital mycoplasmas . (symptoma.com)
  • Unlike most bacteria, Ureaplasma urealyticum lacks a cell wall making it unique in physiology and medical treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead of the normal predominance of Lactobacillus bacteria, increased numbers of organisms such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Bacteroides, Mobiluncus, and Mycoplasma hominis are found in the vagina in women with BV. (diagnose-me.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis sometimes causes postpartum fever and has been found with other bacteria in uterine tube infections. (mhmedical.com)
  • Mycoplasma infection is respiratory illness caused by Mycoplasma pneumonia, a microscopic organism related to bacteria and fungi. (mold-help.org)
  • According to Dr. Bill Deagle, over 90% of all biological warfare research conducted in the United States is on mycoplasma, mycotoxins, and nano-bacteria. (mold-help.org)
  • Further provided are methods which permit the detection of a Gram-positive bacterium with at least one other microorganism selected from the group consisting of yeast, protozoa, mycoplasma and Gram-negative bacteria in a single complex biological sample. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Mycoplasma is a kind of the simplest prokaryote different from viruses and bacteria, and ureaplasma urealyticum, sex mycoplasma and mycoplasma hominis are the main mycoplasma pathogens related to urogenital syst. (fuyanpills.com)
  • Definition of Mycoplasma Mycoplasma: The mycoplasma are a very large group of bacteria. (fuyanpills.com)
  • This chapter includes two genera of unique microbes that lack a cell wall but otherwise resemble bacteria. (mhmedical.com)
  • However, the number and types of products available for detection and characterization of mycoplasmas is still very limited in comparison to products sold commercially for other types of bacteria. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Mycoplasma species are the smallest bacteria discovered yet with the smallest genomes and a minimum number of highly essential organelles. (differencebetween.com)
  • The speciality of the mycoplasma is the absence of a cell wall, so they are wall-less bacteria. (differencebetween.com)
  • Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria that consists of wall-less bacteria. (differencebetween.com)
  • Moreover, mycoplasma species are gram-negative , aerobic or facultative aerobic bacteria. (differencebetween.com)
  • Ureaplasma is a class of bacteria that belongs to mycoplasma. (differencebetween.com)
  • Mycoplasma is a genus of the smallest bacteria that lack cell walls, while ureaplasma is a class of mycoplasma present mainly in the urinary and genital tract. (differencebetween.com)
  • Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria that lack cell walls. (differencebetween.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis is a species of bacteria in the genus Mycoplasma. (symptoma.com)
  • These organisms include various anaerobic bacteria, Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, and Mycoplasma hominis . (symptoma.com)
  • These bacteria include strains of Gardnerella Vaginalis and also Gardnerella Mobiluncus and Mycoplasma Hominis . (symptoma.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis These bacteria live in the urinary tract and genitals of about half of all women and fewer men. (symptoma.com)
  • Bacteria such as ureaplasma and mycoplasma hominis are commonly found in the lower genital tract of most women. (symptoma.com)
  • There is atrilaminar cytoplasmic membrane, butunlike that of bacteria, it containscholesterol or carotenol in addition to theusual phospholipids.The mycoplasma cannot synthesize theirown cholesterol and require it as a growthfactor in the culture medium. (yumpu.com)
  • Despite some colonial similarities,mycoplasmas are quite distinct fromL-phase variants of bacteria and donot revert to bacteria when cultured inmedia free of inhibitors of bacterialcell wall synthesis or other L-phaseinducers. (yumpu.com)
  • Mycoplasma are tiny bacteria that lack a cell wall. (mhmedical.com)
  • Mycoplasmas are smaller than ordinary bacteria, typically being 0.15 to 0.30 µm (micrometres) in size. (ppdictionary.com)
  • Borrelia is a genus of bacteria of the spirochete phylum. (ppdictionary.com)
  • This article is about a genus of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria that lack a cell wall around their cell membrane . (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Julian Nowak later proposed the genus name Mycoplasma for certain filamentous microorganisms imagined to have both cellular and acellular stages in their lifecycles, which could explain how they were visible with a microscope, but passed through filters impermeable to bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researches have suggested myriad types of bacteria as principles causes of prostatitis, for example: E.Coli (most predominant), Klebsiella or Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus.entrococci, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, and Mycoplasma hominis. (prostate-treatment-options.com)
  • An obligatorily anaerobic genus of gram-positive, non-spore-bearing bacteria that appear as cocci and coccobacilli, sometimes in short chains. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • iners (CSTIII), whereas CSTIV is characterized by low proportions of lactobacilli and is composed of a diverse mixture of primarily strict anaerobic bacteria including species of the genera Gardnerella, Atopobium , Mobiluncus, Prevotella and other taxa in the order Clostridiales, as seen with states of BV. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Streptococcus is a genus of coccus (spherical) Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes [ 3 ] and the Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria) order. (meddic.jp)
  • Bacillus is a genus of gram-positive , rod-shaped bacteria and a member of the phylum Firmicutes . (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing evidence incriminates bacteria, especially Mycoplasma fermentans , as possible arthritogenic agents in humans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This resistance was due to the acquisition of the resistance determinant tetM, a transposon-borne determinant initially found in the genus Streptococcus and more recently in Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, and Gardnerella vaginalis. (asm.org)
  • We observed that Eubacterium eligens (mOR = 11.5, 95% CI 1.31~101.4), Gardnerella vaginalis (mOR = 17.0, 95% CI 2.18-131.8), and Ureaplasma urealyticum (mOR = 7.42, 95% CI 1.3-42.46) had the strongest associations with HPV clearance, and Lactobacillus johnsonii (mOR = 16.4, 95% CI 1.77-152.2) with HPV persistence. (nature.com)
  • Samples were also assayed for total 16S rRNA gene content and Gardnerella vaginalis by quantitative PCR and screened for the presence of Mollicutes by using family and genus-specific PCR. (beds.ac.uk)
  • A variety of microorganisms have been cultivated from amniotic fluid (AF) in pregnancies complicated by PTB, with Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Bacteroides spp. (docplayer.net)
  • due to Chlamydia trachomatis , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , or Mycoplasma hominis in patients who require initial intravenous therapy. (nih.gov)
  • U kunt chlamydia behandelen met doxycycline U kunt dit antibioticum gemakkelijk en discreet bestellen bij onze arts- en apothekersdienst. (lasuertesonriealosaudaces.tk)
  • The genus Chlamydia was. (lasuertesonriealosaudaces.tk)
  • Chlamydia is a genus of prokaryotic organisms that parasitizes cells of living being to intake necessary energy for survival and of which some certain kinds, such as Chlamydia trachomatis, one of the most common. (fuyanpills.com)
  • by Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma hominis in grivet monkeys. (symptoma.com)
  • The most common pathogens are chlamydia trachomatis, gonococci or mycoplasma hominis . (symptoma.com)
  • For instance, it is known that lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is a genus-specific antigen of Chlamydia , is present as an antigen determinant (Stephens, R., et al. (justia.com)
  • Issues that arise from Ureaplasma urealyticum infections during pregnancy include preterm birth and impacted embryonic development. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study shows a high prevalence of genitourinary infections due to U. urealyticum which was considerably higher when compared to Mycoplasma spp. (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • There is likely importance to both the cellular and humoral immune system responses in controlling genital Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma infections, but the exact mechanisms are not well understood. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Mycoplasma infections occur sporadically throughout the year. (mold-help.org)
  • Seven different species of mycoplasma have been associated with various infections in humans. (mold-help.org)
  • Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma species, known collectively as the genital mycoplasmal organisms, are generally considered opportunists that cause invasive infections in susceptible populations. (blogspot.com)
  • Treatment options for genital mycoplasma infections are becoming limited. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis is a rare causative pathogen for surgical site infections after neurosurgical procedures. (thejns.org)
  • Ureaplasma infections are common in people who have a weakened immune system. (differencebetween.com)
  • Antibodies to Mycoplasma hominis in patients with genital infections and in healthy controls.Br. (symptoma.com)
  • Fortunatelly, both M. hominis and U. urealyticum aresusceptible to tetracycline which is also the treatment ofchoice for chlamydial infections. (yumpu.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis is commonly found in the vagina but may cause opportunistic infections of the uterine tubes. (ppdictionary.com)
  • Severe Mycoplasma infections may destroy a cell line. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the infective agent of swine mycoplasmosis and Mycoplasma synoviae is responsible for subclinical upper respiratory infections that may result in airsacculitis and synovitis in chickens and turkeys. (scielo.br)
  • Genus Mycoplasmas and Genus Ureaplasmas are included in class Mollicutes. (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma are taxonomically placed in the Mollicutes, a class of prokaryotes that lack a cell wall. (mhmedical.com)
  • Mycoplasmas are prokaryotic micro-organisms belonging to the class Mollicutes, which lacks rigid cell walls. (scielo.org.za)
  • A number of mollicutes, such as M. bovigenitalium, Mycoplasma arginini, Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. (scielo.org.za)
  • A panel of 61 mollicutes, including representatives from the Mycoplasma , Acholeplasma , Mesoplasma , Spiroplasma and Ureaplasma genus, were selected to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of these assays. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Microbes of the class Mollicutes , to which Mycoplasma belongs, are parasites or commensals of humans, animals, and plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ureaplasma and M. hominis have been associated with bacteremia, pneumonia and meningoencephalitis in neonates. (bumrungrad.com)
  • A common result of mycoplasma infection is pneumonia (sometimes called "walking pneumonia" because it is usually mild and rarely requires hospitalization). (mold-help.org)
  • Borrelia infection borrelia genus buruli ulcer mycobacterium ulcerans group a streptococcus clonorchiasis clonorchis sinensis diphyllobothriasis diphyllobothrium ehrlichiosis ehrlichia genus free-living amebic infection multiple o111 hepatitis e hepatitis e virus hga keratitis multiple kingella kingae infection kingella kingae pediculosis capitis spirillum minus rift valley fever virus rmsf viral pneumonia mucormycosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Actinomyces gerencseriae hiv anthrax bacillus anthracis arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection arcanobacterium haemolyticum balantidiasis balantidium coli burkholderia infection staphylococcus clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile cchf cutaneous larva migrans ehrlichiosis ehrlichia genus enterococcus infection enterococcus genus parvovirus b19 exanthem subitum gonorrhea neisseria gonorrhoeae klebsiella granulomatis enteroviruses enterovirus 71 hsv-2 brugia malayi mycoplasma pneumonia mycoplasma pneumoniae creutzfeldt-jakob disease onchocerciasis body lice pneumocystis pneumonia sars coronavirus taeniasis taenia genus jock itch tuberculosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Mycoplasma History: PPLO and pneumonia. (yumpu.com)
  • Ureaplasma urealyticum causes non-gonococcal urethritis, pneumonia in newborns, and is associated with chronic lung disease in premature infants. (ppdictionary.com)
  • Publication of unexamined application No. 298/1988 discusses an immunodetection method based on the western blotting method that uses a monoclonal antibody to an approximately 43 kilodalton membrane protein antigen of Mycoplasma pneumonia. (justia.com)
  • Babesiosis babesia genus group a streptococcus clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile hantavirus pulmonary syndrome herpes simplex virus 1 metagonimus yokagawai pediculosis capitis rickettsial infection rickettsia genus tinea capitis hortaea werneckii tinea versicolor. (squareflair.com)
  • Propionibacterium propionicus amebiasis entamoeba histolytica candidiasis den-1 ebola hemorrhagic fever ebolavirus gnathostoma hispidum group b streptococcal infection streptococcus agalactiae helicobacter pylori infection helicobacter pylori hemolytic-uremic syndrome lymphatic filariasis onchocerciasis staphylococcal food poisoning staphylococcus genus taeniasis taenia genus lockjaw tinea pedis. (squareflair.com)
  • In 1984, many organisms formerly considered Streptococcus were separated out into the genera Enterococcus and Lactococcus . (meddic.jp)
  • citation needed] International Organization for Mycoplasmology (IOM) Sexually transmitted disease Vaginal infection Vaginal disease Vaginal health List of bacterial vaginosis microbiota Uterine microbiome Mycoplasma E.A. Freundt The classification of the pleuropneumonia group of organisms (Borrelomycetales) International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1955, 5, 67-78. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mycoplasmas are the smallest organisms that can be free living in nature and self-replicating on laboratory media. (mhmedical.com)
  • The genus Mycobacterium is a group of acid-fast, aerobic, slow- growing organisms which include more than 90 different species. (sun.ac.za)
  • Members of the genus Mycoplasma are the smallest organisms lacking cell walls that are capable of self-replication and cause various diseases in humans, animals, and plants. (mold-help.org)
  • Mycoplasma species are the smallest free-living organisms and are unique among prokaryotes in that they lack a cell wall. (blogspot.com)
  • Mycoplasma organisms are usually associated with mucosae. (blogspot.com)
  • No credible evidence indicates that mycoplasmal organisms have a role in the pathogenesis of Gulf War syndrome (Waites, Mycoplasmas: Pathogenesis, Molecular Biology, and Emerging Strategies for Control, 2005). (blogspot.com)
  • These organisms lack a rigid cell wall: 1) Mycoplasma spp. (studystack.com)
  • Along with ureaplasmas, mycoplasmas are the smallest free-living organisms known. (symptoma.com)
  • Mycoplasma are grown in soft agarmedium with a high (10-20%)concentration of serum or other proteinsuch as ascitic fluid.The function of the serum or other proteinThe function of the serum or other proteinis to provide a source of cholesterol, fattyacids, or urea in the case of theureaplasmas, and to regulate theiravailability to the organisms. (yumpu.com)
  • Later, the name for Mycoplasma was pleuropneumonia-like organisms (PPLO), broadly referring to organisms similar in colonial morphology and filterability to the causative agent (a mycoplasma) of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Other members of the genus Mycoplasma are pathogens of the respiratory and urogenital tracts and joints of humans and animals. (mhmedical.com)
  • Mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas can be important pathogens in individuals with immunodeficiencies and in other immunosuppressed persons such as organ transplant recipients. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Many of these reports have focused on various Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens, with little attention to the genus Ureaplasma. (cardiffmet.ac.uk)
  • The susceptibility of the cell-wall free bacterial pathogens Ureaplasma spp. (cardiffmet.ac.uk)
  • and 69 ureaplasma isolates, 32.9%] by using a selective mycoplasma isolation media. (bvsalud.org)
  • Mixed isolates ( Ureaplasma species and M. hominis ) were highly resistant to erythromycin and tetracycline (both 97% resistance). (biomedcentral.com)
  • BLAST for two isolates revealed 99% similarity to Acholeplasma laidlawii from India, another two were 99% similar to MmmLC strain from Sweden, two showed 98% similarity to Mycoplasma sp. (scielo.org.za)
  • Antibiotic resistance among Ureaplasma spp isolates: cause for concern? (cardiffmet.ac.uk)
  • Beeton, M. and Spiller, O.B. (2017) 'Antibiotic resistance among Ureaplasma spp isolates: cause for concern? (cardiffmet.ac.uk)
  • These isolates differ from other species in the genus Bifidobacterium in morphology, carbohydrate fermentation pattern, guanine-plus-cytosine content of deoxyribonucleic acid, and deoxyribonucleic acid homologies. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The electrophoretic protein profiles confirmed the uniqueness of the aerotolerant isolates within the genus Campylobacter and provided a means of differentiation at the species level. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The plasmid profiles of 97 Bacteroides isolates collected during screening for different pathogenic markers of this genus were investigated. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The Etest was used for antibiotic susceptibility testing of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum isolates and the results were compared with those obtained with the broth microdilution method. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas are the smallest free-living microorganisms. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • The term mycoplasma , from the Greek μυκής, mykes (fungus) and πλάσμα, plasma (formed), was first used by Albert Bernhard Frank in 1889 to describe an altered state of plant cell cytoplasm resulting from infiltration by fungus-like microorganisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • U. urealyticum can cause urethritis and may cause bacterial vaginosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ureaplasma urealyticum is a cause of nongonococcal urethritis in men and is associated with lung disease in premature infants of low birth weight. (mhmedical.com)
  • evidence supports that it is infectious lymphocytic choriomeningitis lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus phthirus pubis rickettsial infection rickettsia genus staphylococcal infection staphylococcus genus trichophyton genus tinea unguium toxocara cati toxocara cati. (squareflair.com)
  • The genus Listeria belongs to the class Bacilli and the order Bacillales, which also includes Bacillus and Staphylococcus . (meddic.jp)
  • Both strains of Ureaplasma urealyticum have had their DNA sequenced, using a PCR amplification and dideoxy termination method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the direct similarity and the increased variation in other species of Ureaplasma, it is thought that the two strains of Ureaplasma urealyticum (T960 and 27) have evolutionary diverged together. (wikipedia.org)
  • Samples containing a band of the expected sizes for the Mycoplasma strains were subjected to digestion with a restriction endonuclease enzyme of TaqI and Cac8I. (bvsalud.org)
  • Samples containing a band of the expected sizes for mycoplasma strains were subjected to digestion with a restriction endonuclease enzyme. (bvsalud.org)
  • Biochemical and molecular analysis were conducted on 34 strains of Mycoplasma species isolated between 2003 and 2009 from the genital tract of clinically healthy Dorper sheep and sheep with ulcerative vulvitis and balanitis. (scielo.org.za)
  • The protein gel electrophoretic technique permitted distinction of group K strains from other species of the genus Klebsiella. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • However, strains IQ-H1 T and IQ-H2 differed from other previously described species of the genus Actinopolyspora in cultural, morphological, and physiological characteristics. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • In this work we have identified mycoplasma GTPases by searching the complete genome databases of Mycoplasma synoviae and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, J (non-pathogenic) and 7448 (pathogenic) strains. (scielo.br)
  • M. hominis, M. fermentans or U. urealyticum withsome cases of salpingitis, tuboovarian abscess,pelvic abscess, septic abortion and fever. (yumpu.com)
  • The first Mycoplasma hominis was mainly involved in causing pelvic inflammatory disease. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis is mainly involved in causing Pelvic inflammatory disease and pyelonephritis but it can cause following complications too. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • The percentage of women with vaginal colonization by Mycoplasma spp, and Ureaplasma spp increases after puberty 1 . (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • By adulthood, approximately 80 percent of healthy females acquire Ureaplasma spp and up to 50 percent acquire M. hominis in their cervical or vaginal secretions 2 . (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • [1] Ureaplasma spp are not part of the healthy, female vaginal microbiota . (wikipedia.org)
  • African sleeping sickness bolivian hemorrhagic fever machupo virus ebola hemorrhagic fever ebolavirus hepatitis a hepatitis a virus hbov epstein-barr virus infectious mononucleosis leptospirosis leptospira genus mumps mumps virus syphilis treponema pallidum trichophyton rubrum onychomycosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Any of several spirochetes of the genus Treponema , certain species of which cause diseases in warm-blooded animals, as the syphilis spirochete in humans. (ppdictionary.com)
  • M. hominis and U. urealyticum are found frequently in the urogenital tract in both healthy persons and symptomatic patients 3 . (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • Ureaplasma is a class of mycoplasma prevalent in the urogenital tract of both men and women. (differencebetween.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis colonize the urogenital tract. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis is present in the urogenital tract of half of the females and fewer males. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis attach to the ciliated and non ciliated epithelium of urogenital tract. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Epidemiology and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of mycoplasma sp. (sun.ac.za)
  • However, because mycoplasma infection usually resolves on its own, antibiotic treatment of mild symptoms is not always necessary. (mold-help.org)
  • Doxycycline is a semisynthetic tetracycline.Mycoplasma IST2 - Combines enumeration, identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing for detection of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. (lasuertesonriealosaudaces.tk)
  • In bacterial vaginosis due to high pH the number of Mycoplasma hominis also increases. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Mycoplasma species have been isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Mycoplasmas have been considered possible arthritogenic agents for humans since the 1960's when mycoplasmas were isolated from arthritic joints of animals, especially Mycoplasma fermentans , which was isolated from synovial fluids (SF) [ 10 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Culture of mycoplasmas that cause disease in humans requires media with serum, a metabolic substrate such as glucose or urea, and growth factors such as yeast extract. (mhmedical.com)
  • The earliest reports of mycoplasma infectious agents in humans appeared in the 1930s, 1940s and finally, in the early 1960s. (mold-help.org)
  • Readers interested in an in-depth discussion of the taxonomy, disease associations, and biological characteristics of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas of humans are referred to other reference texts [50] for more detailed information on these aspects of human mycoplasmas. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Sixteen species have been isolated from humans, excluding occasional animal mycoplasmas that have been detected in humans from time to time, but are generally considered transient colonizers. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis is an important pathogen of humans and is only present in humans. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Other species of Mycoplasma other than those listed below have been recovered from humans, but are assumed to have been contracted from animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • As early as the 1930s, mycoplasmas were proposed as a cause of rheumatoid arthritis in humans, and shortly thereafter, they were proven to be the most common cause of naturally occurring chronic arthritis in animals (3) . (cdc.gov)
  • Some mycoplasma species are aerobes orfacultative anaerobes, other grow better inhydrogen or nitrogen with 10% CO 2 .The colonies looks like "fried egg" on thesolid agar.Colony size varies from 200-500 µm forthe large colony mycoplasmas to 15-30µm for the ureaplasmas. (yumpu.com)
  • The six recognised Ureaplasma species have a GC content of 27 to 30 percent and a genome size ranging from 0.76 to 1.17 million base pairs, and cholesterol is required for growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • [12] Dietary nitrogen availability has been shown to alter codon bias and genome evolution in Mycoplasma and Phytoplasma . (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous studies suggested two independent origins of the East Asia and North America disjunct distribution of this genus and multiple rounds of whole genome duplications (WGDs) might have occurred during the evolutionary process. (faintpower.cf)
  • Mycoplasma, GTPase superfamily, genome. (scielo.br)
  • These characteristics originally defined the genus, but not all such species are closely related, and many have been moved to other genera of the Firmicutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium belonging to the genus Ureaplasma and the family Mycoplasmataceae in the order Mycoplasmatales. (wikipedia.org)
  • A defining characteristic of the genus is that they perform urea hydrolysis, which creates ammonia as a product. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mycoplasma that can resolve urea is called ureaplasma urealyticum. (fuyanpills.com)
  • The ureaplasma (Ureaplasmaurealyticum) were previously known asT mycoplasma, T for tiny colony - areference to the size difference of theircolonies compared with those of themycoplasmas.As the name implies, they have the abilityto split urea to amoniac, unlike themycoplasma. (yumpu.com)
  • Further studies are needed to definitely associates with Spontaneous rupture of membranes and U. urealyticum colonization. (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • Is genital colonization with Mycoplasma hominis or Ureaplasma urealyticum associated with prematurity/low birth weight? (effaustin.org)
  • The aims of the study were to characterise Mycoplasma species isolated from the genital tract of Dorper sheep with polymerase chain reaction assay, cloning and gene sequencing. (scielo.org.za)
  • In a further modification to the broth described by Robertson, arginine was added to allow for the detection of Mycoplasma hominis in addition to Ureaplasma species. (asm.org)
  • Molecular detection was performed initially using three separate PCRs to test for M. hominis , Ureaplasma species, and members of the Mycoplasma group with primers previously described by Abele-Horn et al. (asm.org)
  • A number of products available for use in mycoplasma detection and characterization have never been subjected to rigorous external evaluation so that recommendations for their use cannot be made based on objective evidence of performance. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • Clinical and laboratory investigations established a lumbar paraspinal soft tissue infection with Mycoplasma hominis associated with severe spondylarthrosis at L5/S1. (symptoma.com)
  • evidence supports that it is infectious south american blastomycosis head lice rsv rickettsialpox rickettsia akari severe acute respiratory syndrome trichophyton genus tinea cruris visceral larva migrans ureaplasma urealyticum. (squareflair.com)
  • Sabia fasciolopsiasis fasciolopsis buski donovanosis helicobacter pylori infection helicobacter pylori kingella kingae infection kingella kingae rickettsia typhi pediculus humanus corporis rat-bite fever streptobacillus moniliformis tinea barbae trichophyton genus zygomycosis mucorales. (squareflair.com)
  • Mycoplasma hominis is also involved in causing meningoencephalitis and neonatal sepsis in neonates. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Multiple species of the genera Mycoplasma a nd Ureaplasma can infect the human genitourinary tract. (bumrungrad.com)
  • Mycoplasmas and Ureaplasmas inhabit the genitourinary tract of sexually active males and females. (microbiologyjournal.org)
  • M ycoplasma hominis is a small prokaryotic organism belonging to the genus Mycoplasma . (thejns.org)
  • The partial 16S rRNA sequences, polar lipid composition, and menaquinone content suggested that this organism was related to members of the genus Halococcus , while the whole-cell protein patterns, the presence of several unknown lipids, and the presence of pink pigmentation indicated that it was different from previously described coccoid halophiles. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • 2 Content of this slideshow Viruses of influenza More respiratory viruses Mycoplasmas Virus of tick-borne encephalitis Some viral properties important for diagnostics Survey of virological diagnostics Microscopy in virology. (slideplayer.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of genital mycoplasmas in pregnant women. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The species and genera are listed only under the class within each phylum. (openstax.org)
  • Genital mycoplasmas colonise up to 80% of sexually mature women and may invade the amniotic cavity during pregnancy and cause complications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • During pregnancy, Ureaplasma spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ureaplasmas can cause placental inflammation and may invade the amniotic sac early in pregnancy in the presence of intact fetal membranes, causing persistent infection and adverse pregnancy outcome, including premature birth. (basicmedicalkey.com)
  • It's energy metabolism is dependent on arginine degradation while other mycoplasmas don't have this characteristics. (askmicrobiology.com)
  • Here, we review the requirements for accurate measurement of antimicrobial susceptibility, provide a comprehensive review of the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) for Ureaplasma species in the literature and contextualize these results relative to some investigators' reliance on commercial kits that are not CLSI compliant when determining AMR. (cardiffmet.ac.uk)