Plant Physiological Processes: Physiological functions characteristic of plants.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Up-Regulation: A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Planococcus Bacteria: A genus of coccoid bacteria in the family PLANOCOCCACEAE. They are widely distributed in various habitats including sea water, freshwater ponds, cyanobacterial mats, and in marine animals.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Proline: A non-essential amino acid that is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID. It is an essential component of COLLAGEN and is important for proper functioning of joints and tendons.Proline Oxidase: The first enzyme of the proline degradative pathway. It catalyzes the oxidation of proline to pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid in the presence of oxygen and water. The action is not reversible. The specific activity of proline oxidase increases with age. EC 1.5.3.-.1-Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate Dehydrogenase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate to L-GLUTAMATE in the presence of NAD. Defects in the enzyme are the cause of hyperprolinemia II.Poncirus: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain ponfolin, a coumarin (COUMARINS).Phosphotransferases (Carboxyl Group Acceptor): A class of enzymes that transfers phosphate groups and has a carboxyl group as an acceptor. EC 2.7.2.Cold Shock Proteins and Peptides: Cellular proteins and peptides that are induced in response to cold stress. They are found in a broad variety of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Genetic Pleiotropy: A phenomenon in which multiple and diverse phenotypic outcomes are influenced by a single gene (or single gene product.)Y-Box-Binding Protein 1: Y-box-binding protein 1 was originally identified as a DNA-binding protein that interacts with Y-box PROMOTER REGIONS of MHC CLASS II GENES. It is a highly conserved transcription factor that regulates expression of a wide variety of GENES.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Space Flight: Travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.Astronauts: Members of spacecraft crew including those who travel in space, and those in training for space flight. (From Webster, 10th ed; Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)Weightlessness: Condition in which no acceleration, whether due to gravity or any other force, can be detected by an observer within a system. It also means the absence of weight or the absence of the force of gravity acting on a body. Microgravity, gravitational force between 0 and 10 -6 g, is included here. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Spacecraft: Devices, manned and unmanned, which are designed to be placed into an orbit about the Earth or into a trajectory to another celestial body. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration: An independent Federal agency established in 1958. It conducts research for the solution of problems of flight within and outside the Earth's atmosphere and develops, constructs, tests, and operates aeronautical and space vehicles. (From U.S. Government Manual, 1993)Cosmic Radiation: High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a result of collisions with the atmosphere or spacecraft.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Surface Tension: The force acting on the surface of a liquid, tending to minimize the area of the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Gravitation: Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Gravity Sensing: Process whereby a cell, bodily structure, or organism (animal or plant) receives or detects a gravity stimulus. Gravity sensing plays an important role in the directional growth and development of an organism (GRAVITROPISM).Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Food, Genetically Modified: Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).Organisms, Genetically Modified: Organisms whose GENOME has been changed by a GENETIC ENGINEERING technique.Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Wheat Germ Agglutinins: Lectins purified from the germinating seeds of common wheat (Triticum vulgare); these bind to certain carbohydrate moieties on cell surface glycoproteins and are used to identify certain cell populations and inhibit or promote some immunological or physiological activities. There are at least two isoforms of this lectin.

*Anil Grover

... cellular and physiological processes of the plant and these studies have assisted in widening the understanding of genomic and ... Gene. 428 (1-2): 9-19. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2008.09.028. Reactive oxygen species Regulation of gene expression India portal ... proteomic alterations as well as the ROS metabolism of the plant. His studies have been documented by way of a number of ... "Department of Plant Molecular Biology - Anil Grover". dpmb.ac.in. 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2017-12-06. "Department of Plant ...

*Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology

... genome evolution in eukaryotes and the genetic and evolutionary processes that underlie the physiological plasticity of plant ... their physiology and gene expression as well as their metabolic and genetic interactions with the nucleo-cytosolic compartment ... reverse genetics to alter plants and functional genomic approaches to analyze the pleiotropic effects of these alterations. ... The Metabolic Networks Department studies a wide set of physiological processes involved in orchestrating photosynthetic carbon ...

*Glossary of biology

... transcription Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (mRNA ... their physiological properties, metabolic processes, signaling pathways, life cycle, and interactions with their environment. ... xylem The plant tissue responsible for the conduction of water from roots to aerial parts of the plant. It forms the woody part ... and how alterations in their structures affect their function. symbiogenesis . synthetic biology An interdisciplinary branch of ...

*Enzyme inhibitor

These effects are called enzyme induction and inhibition and are alterations in gene expression, which is unrelated to the type ... The metabolic processes targeted by natural poisons encompass more than enzymes in metabolic pathways and can also include the ... Physiological enzyme inhibition can also be produced by specific protein inhibitors. This mechanism occurs in the pancreas, ... An example of a neurotoxin are the glycoalkaloids, from the plant species in the Solanaceae family (includes potato, tomato and ...

*MicroRNA

Chronic alcohol abuse results in persistent changes in brain function mediated in part by alterations in gene expression. miRNA ... While researchers focused on miRNA expression in physiological and pathological processes, various technical variables related ... Plant miRNAs usually have near-perfect pairing with their mRNA targets, which induces gene repression through cleavage of the ... Over expression of any one of these miRNAs can cause reduced expression of its target DNA repair gene. The global role of miRNA ...

*Signal transduction

... they are alternatively called inductors of gene expression. All hormones that act by regulation of gene expression have two ... Gene activations and metabolism alterations are examples of cellular responses to extracellular stimulation that require signal ... Hence, an initial stimulus can trigger the expression of a large number of genes, leading to physiological events like the ... has been shown to be a critical element in the plant immune response to signal molecules from bacterial pathogens and plant ...

*Senescence

... some posit it is programmed by gene expression changes, others that it is the cumulative damage caused by biological processes ... These genetic differences affect a variety of physiological processes, including the efficiency of DNA repair, antioxidant ... The length of the telomere strand has senescent effects; telomere shortening activates extensive alterations in alternative RNA ... capacity Immortality Indefinite lifespan List of life extension-related topics Mitohormesis Oxidative stress Phenoptosis Plant ...

*Transcriptomics technologies

"Gene Expression Omnibus: NCBI gene expression and hybridization array data repository". Nucleic Acids Research. 30 (1): 207-10 ... Van Verk MC, Hickman R, Pieterse CM, Van Wees SC (April 2013). "RNA-Seq: revelation of the messengers". Trends in Plant Science ... Abnormalities identified may be removed by trimming, or tagged for special treatment during later processes. In order to link ... Physiological Genomics. 3 (2): 93-9. doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics.2000.3.2.93. PMID 11015604. Illumina (2011-07-11). "RNA-Seq ...

*LINGO1

In addition, reducing the expression levels of the serine/threonine Kinase WNK3 (using gene silencing via RNA interference ( ... Genomic alterations of this regions can be factors for disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, autism, panic disorder or ... Shams PN, Plant GT (Sep 2009). "Optic neuritis: a review". International MS Journal / MS Forum. 16 (3): 82-9. PMID 19878630. ... To be able to understand how these components regulate signalling processes an experiment has been set up "model of serum ...

*Vestigiality

1872) The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals John Murray, London. Torkamani, Rufaut, Jones, Sinclair (2006). "Beyond ... One example of this is a gene that is functional in most other mammals and which produces L-gulonolactone oxidase, an enzyme ... The emergence of vestigiality occurs by normal evolutionary processes, typically by loss of function of a feature that is no ... The ancestral caecum would have been a large, blind diverticulum in which resistant plant material such as cellulose would have ...

*Epigenetics

Morris KL (2008). "Epigenetic Regulation of Gene Expression". RNA and the Regulation of Gene Expression: A Hidden Layer of ... Specific epigenetic processes include paramutation, bookmarking, imprinting, gene silencing, X chromosome inactivation, ... it has been hypothesised that some kinds of plant cells do not use or require "cellular memories", resetting their gene ... Epigenetic alterations of DNA repair genes or cell cycle control genes are very frequent in sporadic (non-germ line) cancers, ...

*Serotonin

"Low gene expression conferred by association of an allele of the 5-HT2C receptor gene with antipsychotic-induced weight gain". ... It is seen in insect processes in roles similar to in the human central nervous system, such as memory, appetite, sleep, and ... In mice and humans, alterations in serotonin levels and signalling have been shown to regulate bone mass. Mice that lack brain ... In 1952, enteramine was shown to be the same substance as serotonin, and as the broad range of physiological roles was ...

*Dietary fiber

SCFAs are involved in numerous physiological processes promoting health, including: stabilize blood glucose levels by acting on ... "Short-chain fatty acids and total parenteral nutrition affect intestinal gene expression". J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 26 (3): 145 ... Plant foods contain both types of fiber in varying degrees, according to the plant's characteristics. Advantages of consuming ... There might be alterations in the end-products of bile acid bacterial metabolism or the release of short chain fatty acids ...

*Ageing

... methylation of gene promoter regions or alterations of the DNA scaffolding which regulate gene expression), can cause abnormal ... In 2008 it was discovered that inactivation of only two genes in the annual plant Arabidopsis thaliana leads to its conversion ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Timiras, Paola S. (2003) Physiological Basis of Ageing and Geriatrics. Informa Health ... whereby internal processes (such as DNA methylation) may cause ageing. Programmed ageing should not be confused with programmed ...

*History of evolutionary thought

Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype caused by mechanisms other than changes ... alterations in the relative rates of developmental processes over the course of evolution, to account for the generation of ... True, John R.; Carroll, Sean B. (November 2002). "Gene co-option in physiological and morphological evolution". Annual Review ... These ideas included transmutation from non-living to living: "from mineral to plant, from plant to animal, and from animal to ...

*Reduced muscle mass, strength and performance in space

Schulte, LM; Navarro, J; Kandarian, SC (May 1993). "Regulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump gene expression by ... although alterations in total muscle MHC protein isoform expression have been reported. However, prolonged bed rest (greater ... When the two processes are in synchrony, muscle mass is stable. However, if there is an imbalance such that the protein ... A mission to Mars or another planet or asteroid within the Solar System is not beyond possibility within the next two decades. ...

*Domestication of animals

Pleiotropy occurs when one gene influences two or more seemingly unrelated phenotypic traits. Certain physiological changes ... alterations in ear and tail form (e.g., floppy ears), more frequent and nonseasonal estrus cycles, alterations in ... Around 10,000 YBP, a new way of life emerged for humans through the management and exploitation of plant and animal species, ... Conflating these two processes muddles our understanding of the original process and can lead to an artificial inflation of the ...

*DNA methylation

In many disease processes, such as cancer, gene promoter CpG islands acquire abnormal hypermethylation, which results in ... There is also evidence that DNA methylation may be involved in state-specific control of gene expression in fungi.[citation ... "Physiological and Molecular Mechanisms of Nutrition in Honey Bees". Advances in Insect Physiology: 25-58. doi:10.1016/bs.aiip. ... Alterations of DNA methylation have been recognized as an important component of cancer development. Hypomethylation, in ...

*Risk factors for breast cancer

Stoddard Fr, 2nd; Brooks, AD; Eskin, BA; Johannes, GJ (2008). "Iodine alters gene expression in the MCF7 breast cancer cell ... A study done in 1976 after a chemical plant explosion in Seveso, Italy concluded that high dioxin level exposure in a woman's ... Exposure of mouse dams to environmentally relevant levels of BPA during organogenesis results in considerable alterations in ... Navara KJ, Nelson RJ (October 2007). "The dark side of light at night: physiological, epidemiological, and ecological ...

*Amphetamine

Chronic use of amphetamine at excessive doses causes alterations in gene expression in the mesocorticolimbic projection, which ... The physiological importance of CART was further substantiated in numerous human studies demonstrating a role of CART in both ... This differential modulation of PFC-dependent processes across dose appears to be associated with the differential involvement ... Trends Plant Sci. 17 (7): 404-412. doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2012.03.004. PMID 22502775. Substituted amphetamines, which are also ...

*Cerebellum

Further, gene expression patterns in the human cerebellum show less age-related alteration than that in the cerebral cortex. ... Physiological studies have shown that complex spikes (which occur at baseline rates around 1 Hz and never at rates much higher ... Thus, the cerebellar network receives a modest number of inputs, processes them very extensively through its rigorously ... but are severely flattened in a plane perpendicular to the cerebellar folds. Thus, the dendrites of a Purkinje cell form a ...

*Zinc deficiency

Cousins RJ (1994). "Metal elements and gene expression". Annu Rev Nutr. 14: 449-469. doi:10.1146/annurev.nu.14.070194.002313. ... Plant breeding can improve zinc uptake capacity of plants under soil conditions with low chemical availability of zinc. ... Zinc deficiency can interfere with many metabolic processes when it occurs during infancy and childhood, a time of rapid growth ... a sensitive physiological marker of zinc status in vivo (Gallus gallus)". Nutrients. 6 (3): 1164-1180. doi:10.3390/nu6031164. ...

*Major depressive disorder

"Association between polymorphisms in the dopamine transporter gene and depression: evidence for a gene-environment interaction ... To maintain consistency the ICD-10 used the same criteria, with only minor alterations, but using the DSM diagnostic threshold ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Parker G, Gladstone G, Chee KT (2001). "Depression in the planet's largest ethnic ... Criteria frequently used to assess depression in animals include expression of despair, neurovegetative changes, and anhedonia ...

*Model organism

... for example the sub-cellular localization of the gene product or its physiological role. Many animal models serving as test ... "Conservation and divergence in Toll-like receptor 4-regulated gene expression in primary human versus mouse macrophages". ... the underlying molecular alterations and the causal relationship between genetic or environmental alterations and depression ... This may confound their use to model human metabolic processes and diseases as these can be affected by dietary energy intake ...

*History of zoology since 1859

An imperceptible physiological difference might be of selective value, and it might carry with it correlated variations that ... of the transcendental morphologist, was seen to be nothing more than the expression of one of the laws of thremmatology, the ... The control and manipulation of life processes became a central concern, and experiment was placed at the center of biological ... After publication of his work The Origin of Species, Darwin became interested in the animal and plant mechanisms that confer ...

*Euphoria

The classic expression of an ictal psychiatric symptom is an "aura," presenting as feelings of fear, sadness, or euphoria. ... "Euphoria" means "feeling fit." It is as much a physiological fact as scarlet fever. Nature makes it worth while to be alive ... Cannabinoid receptor 1 agonists are a group of euphoriants that includes certain plant-based cannabinoids (e.g., THC from the ... Strong feelings of pleasure and euphoria, as well as marked alterations in cognitive processing, self-referential thought, and ...
Abstract Background Conventional differential gene expression analysis by methods such as students t-test, SAM, and Empirical Bayes often searches for statistically significant genes without considering the interactions among them. Network-based approaches provide a natural way to study these interactions and to investigate the rewiring interactions in disease versus control groups. In this paper, we apply weighted graphical LASSO (wgLASSO) algorithm to integrate a data-driven network model with prior biological knowledge (i.e., protein-protein interactions) for biological network inference. We propose a novel differentially weighted graphical LASSO (dwgLASSO) algorithm that builds group-specific networks and perform network-based differential gene expression analysis to select biomarker candidates by considering their topological differences between the groups. Results Through simulation, we showed that wgLASSO can achieve ...
Gene Expression Profiling Analysis of Bisphenol A-Induced Perturbation in Biological Processes in ER-Negative HEK293 Cells. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Gene co-expression network analysis of transcriptome data has enabled the identification of key genes and important networks underlying complex production and disease traits. This study used weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) approach to (1) detect modules or clusters of differentially expressed genes (DEG) with similar expression patterns in calf rumen transcriptome during pre- and post-weaning periods and (2) identify regulatory mechanisms linking gene modules to relevant phenotypes during the pre-weaning period (day 33 [d33]): weight gain (BWT_d33), average daily gain (ADG_d33), blood glucose (Glucose_d33) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB_d33) concentrations and post-weaning period (d96): weight gain (BWT_d96), average daily gain (ADG_d96), blood glucose (Glucose_d96) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB_d96) concentrations, dry matter intake (DMI_d96) and feed ...
The heterogeneity of prostate cancers extends within clinical states and across states. At the extreme ends of the clinical spectrum are prognostically favorable localized tumors with a low biological potential for metastasis and tumors with a high propensity for early dissemination that are invariably lethal. These clinical phenotypes are related in part to the intrinsic biology of tumor cells and are reflected in the pattern of expression of specific genes. Using comprehensive gene expression analysis of tumor samples representing the nonmetastatic and metastatic phenotypes, we identified genes that were consistently and strongly differentially expressed and represent common and valid biological differences underlying clinical heterogeneity.. Few prior studies have used high-throughput gene expression analysis to study prostate cancer metastases. One ...
Gene expression profiling has shown its ability to identify with high accuracy low cytogenetic risk acute myeloid leukemia such as acute promyelocytic leukemia and leukemias with t(8;21) or inv(16). The aim of this gene expression profiling study was to evaluate to what extent suboptimal samples with low leukemic blast load (range, 2-59%) and/or poor quality control criteria could also be correctly identified. Specific signatures were first defined so that all 71 acute promyelocytic leukemia, leukemia with t(8;21) or inv(16)-AML as well as cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia samples with at least 60% blasts and good quality control criteria were correctly classified (training set). The classifiers were then evaluated for their ability to assign to the expected class 111 samples considered as suboptimal because of a low leukemic blast load (n = 101) and/or poor quality control criteria (n = 10) ...
Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by alterations to subchondral bone as well as articular cartilage. Changes to bone in OA have also been identified at sites distal to the affected joint, which include increased bone volume fraction and reduced bone mineralization. Altered bone remodelling has been proposed to underlie these bone changes in OA. To investigate the molecular basis for these changes, we performed microarray gene expression profiling of bone obtained at autopsy from individuals with no evidence of joint disease (control) and from individuals undergoing joint replacement surgery for either degenerative hip OA, or fractured neck of femur (osteoporosis [OP]). The OP sample set was included because an inverse association, with respect to bone density, has been observed between OA and the low bone density disease OP. Compugen human 19K-oligo microarray slides were used to compare the gene ...
Since their first use nearly fifteen years ago [1], microarray gene expression profiling experiments have become a ubiquitous tool in the study of disease. The vast number of gene transcripts assayed by modern microarrays (105-106) has driven forward our understanding of biological processes tremendously, elucidating the genes and regulatory mechanisms that drive specific phenotypes. However, the high-dimensional data produced in these experiments--often comprising many more variables than samples and subject to noise--also presents analytical challenges.. The analysis of gene expression data can be broadly grouped into two categories: the identification of differentially expressed genes (or gene-sets) between two or more known conditions, and the unsupervised identification (clustering) of samples or genes that exhibit similar profiles ...
A peripheral blood gene expression score is associated with plaque volume and phenotype by intravascular ultrasound with radiofrequency backscatter analysis: results from the ATLANTA study
Purpose: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a common blinding disease caused by the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina of premature babies with low birth weight and low gestation period. However, the mechanisms and factors contributing to the progression of ROP are still unknown. The present study aimed to identify gene(s) responsible for ROP progression by a global gene expression profiling.. Methods: From a cohort of 600 subjects comprising ROP babies (n=350) and controls (n=250), 15 ROP babies at any stage (gestational age [GA] ≤ 35 weeks and/or birth weight [BW] ≤ 1700 g) and premature babies with no ROP (n=6) (GA ≤ 35 weeks and/or BW ≤ 1700 g) and full term babies of the same age and no ROP (n=3), were screened. RNA was isolated from 0.5-1 ml of blood using RNeasy mini kit from Qiagen and the purity and integrity of RNA was checked with Bioanalyzer 2100 (Agilent). Global gene expression profiling was ...
The increased use of microarray expression profiling to study both the molecular biology of cancer and the cellular physiology of difficult-to-isolate cell types has led to a growing need for methods that allow the use of limiting quantities of RNA. This limitation has prompted the development of amplification methods that produce the quantities of RNA required for microarray analysis. Efforts have become increasingly focused upon developing a protocol that minimizes amplification bias, provides versatility, and reduces technical complexity. We evaluated the new protocol Transplex™ Whole Transcriptome Amplification (WTA) produced by Rubicon Genomics. The kit was tested on Human Reference RNA (Stratagene) and on RNA extracted from a renal tumor cell line. Reproducibility, sensitivity and reliability in calling differentially expressed genes were evaluated by both Real-Time PCR and GeneChip® technology (Affymetrix). We tested reproducibility ...
Papilla and skin are two important organs of the sea cucumber. Both tissues have ectodermic origin, but they are morphologically and functionally very different. In the present study, we performed comparative transcriptome analysis of the papilla and skin from the sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) in order to identify and characterize gene expression profiles by using RNA-Seq technology. We generated 30.6 and 36.4 million clean reads from the papilla and skin and de novo assembled in 156,501 transcripts. The Gene Ontology (GO) analysis indicated that cell part, metabolic process and catalytic activity were the most abundant GO category in cell component, biological process and molecular funcation, respectively. Comparative transcriptome analysis between the papilla and skin allowed the identification of 1,059 differentially expressed genes, of which 739 genes were expressed at higher levels in papilla, ...
Seker, H. (2004) A Multi-Fuzzy Filtering Approach to Reliable Gene Expression Profile Analysis. Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, October 2004, pp. 37-40 ...
Background: Soft tissue sarcomas are heterogeneous and a major complication in their management is that the existing classification scheme is not definitive and is still evolving. Leiomyosarcomas, a major histologic category of soft tissue sarcomas, are malignant tumours displaying smooth muscle differentiation. Although defined as a single group, they exhibit a wide range of clinical behaviour. We aimed to carry out molecular classification to identify new molecular subgroups with clinical relevance. Methods: We used gene expression profiling on 20 extra-uterine leiomyosarcomas and cross-study analyses for molecular classification of leiomyosarcomas. Clinical significance of the subgroupings was investigated. Results: We have identified two distinct molecular subgroups of leiomyosarcomas. One group was characterised by high expression of 26 genes that included many genes from the sub-classification ...
Treatment of rice tissues with purified preparations of a Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) secreted plant cell wall degrading enzyme, Lipase/Esterase (LipA), elicits cell wall damage induced innate immune responses. LipA activity is required for induction of defense responses. In order to characterize the early events during elaboration of cell wall degrading enzyme, Lipase/Esterase (LipA) induced innate immune response in rice, we have performed global gene expression profiling of rice leaves treated with purified LipA at early time points, 30 minutes and 120min, after treatment. Whole genome transcriptional profiling was performed using Affymetrix Rice GeneChips
The comparability of gene expression data generated with different microarray platforms is still a matter of concern. Here we address the performance and the overlap in the detection of differentially expressed genes for five different microarray platforms in a challenging biological context where differences in gene expression are few and subtle. Gene expression profiles in the hippocampus of five wild-type and five transgenic δC-doublecortin-like kinase mice were evaluated with five microarray platforms: Applied Biosystems, Affymetrix, Agilent, Illumina, LGTC home-spotted arrays. Using a fixed false discovery rate of 10% we detected surprising differences between the number of differentially expressed genes per platform. Four genes were selected by ABI, 130 by Affymetrix, 3,051 by Agilent, 54 by Illumina, and 13 by LGTC. Two ...
Genome-wide transcriptional profiling has important applications in advancing knowledge of vocal fold biology. With the use of DNA microarray technology, analysis of global patterns of gene expression can reveal unexpected networks of coordinated regulation in the extracellular matrix of the lamina propria. Transcriptional gene expression patterns for 2 vocal fold pathologies-vocal fold polyp (VP; N= 1) and vocal fold granuloma (VG; N= 1) were analyzed by means of DNA microarray analysis for 4,632 human genes using another patients true vocal fold (TVF; N= 1) as a control. Twenty-four and 29 genes for VG and VP, respectively, were established to be either over- or underexpressed compared to that of TVF. Five-way cluster analysis revealed broad patterns that suggest a potential degree of organization underlying gene expression in these tissues. For the 1 VG, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Homogeneous datasets of triple negative breast cancers enable the identification of novel prognostic and predictive signatures. AU - Karn, Thomas. AU - Pusztai, Lajos. AU - Holtrich, Uwe. AU - Iwamoto, Takayuki. AU - Shiang, Christine Y.. AU - Schmidt, Marcus. AU - Müller, Volkmar. AU - Solbach, Christine. AU - Gaetje, Regine. AU - Hanker, Lars. AU - Ahr, Andre. AU - Liedtke, Cornelia. AU - Ruckhäberle, Eugen. AU - Kaufmann, Manfred. AU - Rody, Achim. PY - 2011/12/29. Y1 - 2011/12/29. N2 - Background: Current prognostic gene signatures for breast cancer mainly reflect proliferation status and have limited value in triple-negative (TNBC) cancers. The identification of prognostic signatures from TNBC cohorts was limited in the past due to small sample sizes. Methodology/Principal Findings: We assembled all currently publically available TNBC gene expression datasets generated on Affymetrix gene ...
... Thomas R. Gingeras, Affymetrix Inc., Santa Clara, CA. The first drafts of complete human genome sequence have brought with them the opportunities to map the RNA transcription patterns that are characteristic of each differentiated and undifferentiated cell type and characterize the sequence variations that underlie the phenotypic differences observed in the human population. By using the very high information content inherent in high-density oligonucleotide arrays it will be possible to map the locations of RNA transcription along the length of the entire human genome. Such a transcriptome map will provide information concerning: 1) the identification of novel transcription domains of the genome, 2) the predominant utilization of exon sequences during differentially spliced gene expression and 3) a empirically derived set of results which can be compared to the sequence annotation now being assembled ...
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) arises from multiple organs and accounts for the most common types of salivary gland malignancies. Currently, patients with unresectable and metastatic MEC have poor long-term clinical outcomes and no targeted therapies are available. The majority of MEC tumors contain a t(11;19) chromosomal translocation that fuses two genes, CRTC1 and MAML2, to generate the chimeric protein CRTC1-MAML2. CRTC1-MAML2 displays transforming activity in vitro and is required for human MEC cell growth and survival, partially due to its ability to constitutively activate CREB-mediated transcription. Consequently, CRTC1-MAML2 is implicated as a major etiologic molecular event and a therapeutic target for MEC. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying CRTC1-MAML2 oncogenic action in MEC have not yet been systematically analyzed. Elucidation of the CRTC1-MAML2-regulated transcriptional program and its underlying mechanisms will provide important insights into MEC ...
An award for difficult RNA samples. Gene expression profiling using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is empowering an ever-increasing range of researchers to answer highly relevant biological and medical questions. At Lexogen, we are dedicated to developing innovative technologies for NGS and making these accessible for all scientists. With the Lexogen Research Award we wish to provide a chance for researchers to utilize more NGS. We ask you to submit a description of the project where you would use NGS and Lexogens RNA-Seq sample prep. The winners shall be given a product of Lexogen together with a free sequencing run and data analysis. The topic of this Research Award is High quality from low quality: Accurate gene expression profiling of low quality or FFPE samples. RNA sequencing is rapidly becoming the platform of choice for gene expression profiling projects. However, not all samples ...
The combination of gene expression profiling with linkage analysis has become a powerful paradigm for mapping gene expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). To date, most studies have searched for eQTL by analyzing gene expression traits one at a time. As thousands of expression traits are typically analyzed, this can reduce power because of the need to correct for the number of hypothesis tests performed. In addition, gene expression traits exhibit a complex correlation structure, which is ignored when analyzing traits individually. To address these issues, we applied two different multivariate dimension reduction techniques, the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to gene expression traits derived from a cross between two strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both methods decompose ...
Miscanthus lutarioriparius is a promising lignocellulosic feedstock for second-generation bioethanol production. However, the genomic resource for this species is relatively limited thus hampers our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying many important biological processes. In this study, we performed the first de novo transcriptome analysis of five tissues (leaf, stem, root, lateral bud and rhizome bud) of M. lutarioriparius with an emphasis to identify putative genes involved in rhizome development. Approximately 66 gigabase (GB) paired-end clean reads were obtained and assembled into 169,064 unigenes with an average length of 759 bp. Among these unigenes, 103,899 (61.5%) were annotated in seven public protein databases. Differential gene expression profiling analysis revealed that 4,609, 3,188, 1,679, 1,218 and 1,077 genes were predominantly expressed in ...
The aims of the present study were to identify key genes and pathways associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and predict compounds potentially associated with this type of carcinogenesis. The gene expression profile data of the GSE49515 dataset was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The limma software package was used to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Biological Networks Gene Ontology tool and the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery, respectively. The Michigan Molecular Interactions database plugin within the Cytoscape software platform was used to perform protein‑protein interaction (PPI) network analysis. Chemical‑gene ...
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and displays heterogeneous clinical and molecular characteristics. In this study, high throughput gene expression profiling of DLBCL tumor samples was used to design a 12-gene expression-based risk score (GERS) predictive for patients overall survival. GERS allowed identifying a high-risk group comprising 46,4% of the DLBCL patients in two independent cohorts (n=414 and n=69). GERS was shown to be an independent predictor of survival when compared to the previously published prognostic factors, including the International Prognostic Index (IPI). GERS displayed a prognostic value in germinal-center B-cell-like subgroup (GCB) and activated B cell-like (ABC) molecular subgroups of patients as well as in DLBCL patients treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP) or Rituximab-CHOP (R-CHOP) regimens. Combination ...
Gene expression in multiple individual cells from a tissue or culture sample varies according to cell-cycle, genetic, epigenetic and stochastic differences between the cells. However, single-cell differences have been largely neglected in the analysis of the functional consequences of genetic variation. Here we measure the expression of 92 genes affected by Wnt signaling in 1,440 single cells from 15 individuals to associate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with gene-expression phenotypes, while accounting for stochastic and cell-cycle differences between cells. We provide evidence that many heritable variations in gene function--such as burst size, burst frequency, cell cycle-specific expression and expression correlation/noise between cells--are masked when expression is averaged ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In vitro global gene expression analyses support the ethnopharmacological use of Achyranthes aspera. AU - Pochi, Subbayan. AU - Sarkar, Malancha. AU - Nathanson, Lubov. AU - Doshi, Nikesh. AU - Lokeshwar, Balakrishna L.. AU - Ardalan, Bach. PY - 2013/12/1. Y1 - 2013/12/1. N2 - Achyranthes aspera (family Amaranthaceae) is known for its anticancer properties. We have systematically validated the in vitro and in vivo anticancer properties of this plant. However, we do not know its mode of action. Global gene expression analyses may help decipher its mode of action. In the absence of identified active molecules, we believe this is the best approach to discover the mode of action of natural products with known medicinal properties. We exposed human pancreatic cancer cell line MiaPaCa-2 (CRL-1420) to 34 g/mL of LE for 24, 48, and 72 hours. Gene expression analyses were performed ...
Background Mating-type loci in yeasts and ascomycotan filamentous fungi (Pezizomycotina) encode master transcriptional factors that play a critical role in sexual development. Genome-wide analyses of mating-type-specification circuits and mating-type target genes are available in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe; however, no such analyses have been performed in heterothallic (self-incompatible) Pezizomycotina. The heterothallic fungus Podospora anserina serves as a model for understanding the basic features of mating-type control. Its mat+ and mat− mating types are determined by dissimilar allelic sequences. The mat− sequence contains three genes, designated FMR1, SMR1 and SMR2, while the mat+ sequence contains one gene, FPR1. FMR1 and FPR1 are the major regulators of fertilization, and this study presents a genome-wide view of their target genes and analyzes their target gene regulation. ...
A suitable reference gene is an important prerequisite for guarantying accurate and reliable results in quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses. However, there is no absolute universality in reference genes among different species. Its hard to find an ideal reference gene to fit for different tissues and growth periods. Pitaya (Hylocereus) is commercially produced as a new fruit crop at a large scale in tropical and subtropical regions. To date, there is no report on the identification of the most reliable reference genes for qRT-PCR normalization in pitaya. In this study, six candidate reference genes i.e. Actin(1), GAPDH, UBC(1), UBC(2) EF1-α(1) and histone(1) were selected from thirty-nine typical candidate reference genes to determine the most stable reference genes for qRT-PCR normalization in different tissues, temperature stresses and fruit developmental stages of pitaya. Among ...
1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray F. Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: Sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012. Int J Cancer. 2015;136:E359-86 2. Chai RC, Lambie D, Verma M, Punyadeera C. Current trends in the etiology and diagnosis of HPV-related head and neck cancers. Cancer Med. 2015;44:596-607 3. Hong AM, Martin A, Chatfield M, Jones D, Zhang M, Armstrong B, Lee CS, Harnett G, Milross C, Clark J, Elliott M, Smee R, Corry J, Liu C, Porceddu S, Rees G, Rose B. Human papillomavirus, smoking status and outcomes in tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma. Int J Cancer. 2013;132:2748-2754 4. Granata R, Miceli R, Orlandi E, Perrone F, Cortelazzi B, Franceschini M, Locati LD, Bossi P, Bergamini C, Mirabile A, Mariani L, Olmi P, Scaramellini G, Potepan P, Quattrone P, Ang KK, Licitra L. Tumor stage, human papillomavirus and smoking status affect the survival of patients with oropharyngeal cancer: an Italian validation study. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Gene expression profile in cerebrum in the filial imprinting of domestic chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus). AU - Yamaguchi, Shinji. AU - Fujii-Taira, Ikuko. AU - Katagiri, Sachiko. AU - Izawa, Ei Ichi. AU - Fujimoto, Yasuyuki. AU - Takeuchi, Hideaki. AU - Takano, Tatsuya. AU - Matsushima, Toshiya. AU - Homma, Koichi J.. PY - 2008/6/15. Y1 - 2008/6/15. N2 - In newly hatched chicks, gene expression in the brain has previously been shown to be up-regulated following filial imprinting. By applying cDNA microarrays containing 13,007 expressed sequence tags, we examined the comprehensive gene expression profiling of the intermediate medial mesopallium in the chick cerebrum, which has been shown to play a key role in filial imprinting. We found 52 up-regulated genes and 6 down-regulated genes of at least 2.0-fold changes 3 h after the training of filial imprinting, ...
We present single-cell clustering using bifurcation analysis (SCUBA), a novel computational method for extracting lineage relationships from single-cell gene expression data and modeling the dynamic changes associated with cell differentiation. SCUBA draws techniques from nonlinear dynamics and stochastic differential equation theories, providing a systematic framework for modeling complex processes involving multilineage specifications. By applying SCUBA to analyze two complementary, publicly available datasets we successfully reconstructed the cellular hierarchy during early development of mouse embryos, modeled the dynamic changes in gene expression patterns, and predicted the effects of perturbing key transcriptional regulators on inducing lineage biases. The results were robust with respect to experimental platform differences between RT-PCR and RNA sequencing. We selectively tested our predictions in Nanog mutants and ...
OBJECTIVE: To use gene expression profiles of spondyloarthropathy (SpA) synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC) to determine if there are transcripts that support the unfolded protein response (UPR) hypothesis, and to identify which cytokines/chemokines are being expressed and which cell fractions are involved. METHODS: Gene expression profiles were generated by microarray screening of SFMC of 5 patients with SpA, 5 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of 6 controls. Results were validated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction using samples from a larger panel of subjects. RESULTS: The repertoires of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines expressed by SpA and RA SFMC were very similar: monocyte chemotractant protein 1 (MCP-1), interleukin 8 (IL-8), IL-1beta, endothelial-monocyte activating polypeptide II, interferon-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. MCP-1 was ...
To help improve the functional annotation of the Anopheles gambiae genome we have generated the MozAtlas, a unified catalogue of tissue-specific gene expression from a single mosquito strain. In Drosophila melanogaster, cataloguing tissue expression patterns has been useful, especially for inferring biological functions, since the majority of genes encoded in the genome are not ubiquitously expressed [19]. As with the fruit fly, Anopheles gene expression also exhibits substantial tissue specificity, with only a third of detectably expressed genes found in all tissues. Thus, the MozAtlas is a useful resource for better understanding the mosquito genome, providing direct evidence of genes with tissue restricted expression. Below we highlight the utility of MozAtlas for identifying classes of gene with tissue or sex-biased ...
Lipid-laden macrophages, or foam cells, are noticed in the lung area of individuals with fibrotic lung disease, but their contribution to disease pathogenesis continues to be unexplored. distance by targeted removal of the lipid efflux 184025-19-2 manufacture transporter ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 1 raises polyurethane foam cell development and worsens lung fibrosis after bleomycin. On the other hand, we discovered that treatment with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating element attenuates fibrotic reactions, at least in component through its capability to lower Are lipid build up. In overview, this function details a book system leading to polyurethane foam cell development in the mouse lung and suggests that strategies directed at obstructing polyurethane foam cell development might become effective for dealing with fibrotic lung disorders. activity of fats performed specifically by alveolar type II epithelial (ATII) cells. This function can be needed for creating the ...
Ocimum aims to be the number one genomics outsourcing partner in the world. GenowizT is a key product central to our vision of providing integrated end-to-end genomic solutions for our valued customers by combining biology and IT in an easy-to-use interface to handle different kinds of expression and genotyping formats such as Affymetrix, Agilent and Ocimum", says Anuradha Acharya, CEO of Ocimum Biosolutions. "Unlike most of the other tools of the same genre in the market, GenowizT is envisioned by expert biologists and implemented using sound algorithms. This means that it has great features which are tailor-made for experimental biologists", adds Dr. Ashwin Sivakumar, Director, Marketing Alliances and Outreach ...
The anx/anx mouse displays poor appetite and lean appearance and is considered a good model for the study of anorexia nervosa. To identify new genes involved in feeding behavior and body weight regulation we performed an expression profiling in the hypothalamus of the anx/anx mice. Using commercial microarrays we detected 156 differentially expressed genes and validated 92 of those using TaqMan low-density arrays. The expression of a set of 87 candidate genes selected based on literature evidences was also quantified by TaqMan low-density arrays. Our results showed enrichment in deregulated genes involved in cell death, cell morphology and cancer as well as an alteration of several signaling circuits involved in energy balance including neuropeptide Y and melanocortin signaling. The expression profile along with the phenotype led us to conclude that anx/anx mice resemble the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prognostic and predictive gene signature for adjuvant chemotherapy in resected non-small-cell lung cancer. AU - Zhu, Chang Qi. AU - Ding, Keyue. AU - Strumpf, Dan. AU - Weir, Barbara A.. AU - Meyerson, Matthew. AU - Pennell, Nathan. AU - Thomas, Roman K.. AU - Naoki, Katsuhiko. AU - Ladd-Acosta, Christine. AU - Liu, Ni. AU - Pintilie, Melania. AU - Der, Sandy. AU - Seymour, Lesley. AU - Jurisica, Igor. AU - Shepherd, Frances A.. AU - Tsao, Ming Sound. PY - 2010/10/10. Y1 - 2010/10/10. N2 - Purpose: The JBR.10 trial demonstrated benefit from adjuvant cisplatin/vinorelbine (ACT) in early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We hypothesized that expression profiling may identify stage-independent subgroups who might benefit from ACT. Patients and Methods: Gene expression profiling was conducted on mRNA from 133 frozen JBR.10 tumor samples (62 observation [OBS], 71 ACT). The minimum gene set that was ...
Transcriptome sequencing has long been the favored method for quickly and inexpensively obtaining a large number of gene sequences from an organism with no reference genome. Due to the rapid increase in throughputs and decrease in costs of next generation sequencing, RNA-Seq in particular has become the method of choice. However, the very short reads (e.g. 2 × 90 bp paired ends) from next generation sequencing makes de novo assembly to recover complete or full-length transcript sequences an algorithmic challenge. Here, researchers from BGI Shenzhen, present SOAPdenovo-Trans, a de novo transcriptome assembler designed specifically for RNA-Seq. They evaluated its performance on transcriptome datasets from rice and mouse. Using as their benchmarks the known transcripts from these well-annotated genomes (sequenced a decade ago), they assessed how SOAPdenovo-Trans and two other popular transcriptome assemblers handled such practical issues as alternative splicing ...
The figure at the left displays the protein interaction network for human AQP2(red dot in center) as generated using STRING (4). Below is a pie chart depicting the biological processes that the proteins identified in this network are involved in. The ontologies of these interactors were visualized using PANTHER (5). The most dominant functional categories of the interacting proteins are involvement in cellular processes(including signal transduction), localization(including transport), multicellular organism processes, and biological regulation. One result of note is the inclusion of several other aquaporins within this network, including AQP1, AQP3, and AQP4. This opens the possibility for some overlap in coregulation of these different aquaporins ...
Abstract Background Apomixis is a naturally occurring asexual mode of seed reproduction resulting in offspring genetically identical to the maternal plant. Identifying differential gene expression patterns between apomictic and sexual plants is valuable to help deconstruct the trait. Quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) is a popular method for analyzing gene expression. Normalizing gene expression data using proper reference genes which show stable expression under investigated conditions is critical in qRT-PCR analysis. We used qRT-PCR to validate expression and stability of six potential reference genes (EF1alpha, EIF4A, UBCE, GAPDH, ACT2 and TUBA) in vegetative and reproductive tissues of B-2S and B-12-9 accessions of C. ciliaris. Findings Among tissue types evaluated, EF1alpha showed the ...
As a well-known animal hormone, melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is also involved in multiple plant biological processes, especially in various stress responses. Rice is one of the most important crops, and melatonin is taken in by many people everyday from rice. However, the transcriptional profiling of melatonin-related genes in rice is largely unknown. In this study, the expression patterns of 11 melatonin related genes in rice in different periods, tissues, in response to different treatments were synthetically analyzed using published microarray data. These results suggest that the melatonin-related genes may play important and dual roles in rice developmental stages. We highlight the commonly regulation of rice melatonin-related genes by abscisic acid (ABA), jasmonic acid (JA), various abiotic stresses and pathogen infection, indicating the possible role of these ...
BACKGROUND: Learning more about how plants grow can help scientists find ways of controlling unwanted weeds. Scientists have found that growth hormones, like the ones that were studied in lab, can be artificially synthesized. A plant hormone (growth regulator) is defined as an organic substance produced by a plant that when acting in very small amounts regulates plant physiological processes. Three hormones have been isolated, auxins, gibberellins, and kinetin. We will only deal with auxins, which are the hormones that were discussed in lab.. Scientists have also found that larger amounts of hormones are toxic to plants and can kill certain plants with no adverse reaction to other plants. Some of the synthetic growth regulators affect certain types of plants more than others. Spraying an area with these growth regulators to affect only ...
Abiotic and biotic stresses adversely affect plant growth and productivity. The phytohormones regulate key physiological events under normal and stressful conditions for plant development. Accumulative research efforts have discovered important roles of phytohormones and their interactions in regulation of plant adaptation to numerous stressors. Intensive molecular studies have elucidated various plant hormonal pathways; each of which consist of many signaling components that link a specific hormone perception to the regulation of downstream genes. Signal transduction pathways of auxin, abscisic acid, cytokinins, gibberellins and ethylene have been thoroughly investigated. More recently, emerging signaling pathways of brassinosteroids, jasmonates, salicylic acid and strigolactones offer an exciting gateway for understanding their multiple roles in plant physiological ...
MOLECULAR MARKERS OF PLANT EMBRYOGENESIS - The present invention relates generally to a molecular marker for a plant physiological process and more particularly for plant embryogenesis. The molecular marker is, in one form, a genetic sequence from a monocot plant such as but not limited to oil-palm plants. In another form, the molecular marker is a polypeptide encoded by said genetic sequence. More particularly, the molecular marker of the present invention enables embryogenic tissue to be detected in vitro. The early detection of embryogenic tissue enables non-embryogenic tissue to be discarded. The ability to detect embryogenesis facilitates maximization of embryogenic potential. The present invention further contemplates a molecular marker comprising in one form a sequence of nucleotides encoding an ...
TRESTLE, Tree Response, Establishment and Succession in the Transient Landscape of Europe, is a modularised, process-based model of tree growth integrating energy-water-carbon-nitrogen cycles with a description of the key physiological processes operating within the plant, embedded into a community dynamics forest model of the gap-type. Six of the nine forecasted modules comprising the TRESTLE model have so far been developed: 1. SWELTER*, a Synthetic Weather Estimator for Land use and Terrestrial Ecosystem Research; 2. precipitation interception by the tree canopy; 3. snow formation and snow snowmelt model; 4. SWBCM, a Soil Water Balance Capacity Model; 5. plant physiological processes, 6. the TRESTLE data-base, collating species-specific variables required as model inputs. MODULE 1: SWELTER*, (Synthetic Weather Estimator for Land use and Terrestrial Ecosystems Research) is a stochastic-deterministic ...
Proteinase inhibitors are ubiquitous proteins that block the active center or interact allosterically with proteinases and are involved in plant physiological processes and defense responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. The CmSPI gene identified from Cucumis metuliferus encodes a serine type PI (8 kDa) that belongs to potato I type family. To evaluate the effect of silencing CmSPI gene on Papaya ringspot virus resistance, RNA interference (RNAi) with an inter-space hairpin RNA (ihpRNA) construct was introduced into a PRSV-resistant C. metuliferus line. CmSPI was down-regulated in CmSPI RNAi transgenic lines in which synchronously PRSV symptoms were evident at 21 day post inoculation. Alternatively, heterogeneous expression of CmSPI in Nicotiana benthamiana was also conducted and showed that CmSPI can provide resistance to Potato virus Y, another member of Potyvirus, in transgenic N. ...
In high biomass yielding crops, such as willow, the vascular cambium represents the majority of cellular division, and therefore, mass of the tree; so strictly regulated stress mechanisms and responses are not unexpected in stem tissue. The involvement of ROS in stress resistance (and many plant physiological processes) is well established [31, 32] as well as, more specifically, in resistance of willow and closely related organisms [33, 34]. In high abundance in both contaminated and non-contaminated trees (significant DE but very low fold change) was APX1 (Additional file 1: Table S2), a central component of the reactive oxygen gene network in the cytosol of Arabidopsis leaves (Davletova et al. [35]. Intriguingly, APX1 [36, 37], alongside AP2/ERF transcription factors [38], have also been implicated in biotic and abiotic cross-tolerance.. A number of Salix genes likely to be involved in detoxification of ROS as well as ...
Since the publication of the previous editions of the Handbook of Photosynthesis, many new ideas on photosynthesis have emerged in the past decade that have drawn the attention of experts and researchers on the subject as well as interest from individuals in other disciplines. Updated to include 37 original chapters and making extensive revisions to the chapters that have been retained, 90% of the material in this edition is entirely new. With contributions from over 100 authors from around the globe, this book covers the most recent important research findings. It details all photosynthetic factors and processes under normal and stressful conditions, explores the relationship between photosynthesis and other plant physiological processes, and relates photosynthesis to plant production and crop yields. The third edition also presents an extensive new section on the molecular aspects of photosynthesis, focusing on ...
This brand new Annual Plant Reviews volume is the second edition of the highly successful and well-received Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 2. This exciting new volume provides an up-to-date survey of the biochemistry and physiology of plant secondary metabolism. The volume commences with an overview of the biochemistry, physiology and function of secondary metabolism, followed by detailed reviews of the major groups of secondary metabolites: alkaloids and betalains, cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and nonprotein amino acids, phenyl propanoids and related phenolics, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides and saponins. A final chapter discusses the evolution of secondary metabolism.. This carefully compiled new edition brings together chapters from some of the worlds leading experts in plant secondary metabolism. Completely revised and brought right up to date with much new information, this volume is an essential purchase for advanced students, ...
Annual plants are a quick and easy way to fill your garden with color, and planting annuals allows you to switch up your garden design every year. In the spring, nurseries and garden centers are filled with a dizzying array of annual plants, and it can be tough to make a decision. For best results, choose healthy ...
Annual plants come in many colors and forms, and can quickly transform a garden. Learn about annual plants and how to choose the right ones for you.
Threeteen patients of lung cancer of center type underwent carinal resections in our department from January 1985 to December 1996. There were 3 patients, T3N2M0 and 10 patients, T4N2M0. Palliative resections were performed for 3 patients and radical resections, for 10 patients. Carinal resection with right pneumonectomy was done in 3 patients, part carinal resection with right pneumonectomy 6 patients, part carinal resection with left pneumonectomy 1 case, and part carinal resection with right sleeve upper and middle lobectomy 3 patients. There were no operative complications and deaths. The 3-year survival rate was 54% and the 5-year survival rates, 30%. One patient has survived for 8 years. The satisfied results of operative therapy were followed when no lymph node metastesis in mediastinum and mass could be resected.
Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Cell Separation and Adhesion : Cell separation is an important process that occurs throughout the life cycle of a plant. It enables the radicle to emerge from the germinating seed, vascular tissue to differentiate, sculpturing of leaves and flowers to take place, pollen to be shed from the mature anther, fruit to soften, senescent and non-functional organs to be lost, and seeds to be shed. In addition to its intrinsic
Annual Plant Reviews, Cell Cycle Control and Plant Development, 9781281320339, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
Annual Plant Reviews, Endogenous Plant Rhythms von Anthony J. W. Hall und Buchbewertungen gibt es auf ReadRate.com. Bücher können hier direkt online erworben werden.
Hybridization in annual plants is rare, but their short life cycle provides an excellent opportunity to study the dynamics of hybridization. Hybridization occurs between the annual hemiparasites Rhinanthus minor and Rhinanthus angustifolius (Orobanchaceae). Using flower morphology, Kwak (1980) found a prevalence of hybrids close to R. angustifolius in a single population. We aim to find whether this pattern is also found using genetic markers, whether it is generally occurring in mixed populations, and whether these populations are stable over time. We used species-specific genetic markers to determine the number of individuals in a range of hybrid classes in three mixed populations of different ages during four consecutive years. In the young population, F-1 hybrids were found in the first year and mostly hybrids between R. minor and these F(1)s in the second year, but in the years after that, hybrids close to R. angustifolius became more ...
Nanocrystalline cellulose (CNC) was obtained by sulfuric acid hydrolysis from celluloses of annual plants: miscanthus, flax straw, hemp, Jerusalem artichoke, jute and flax. Properties of CNC suspensions and films were studied using transmission electron microscopy, polarizing optical microscopy, IR spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, X-ray diffraction and elemental analysis. Nanoscale CNC particles have a pronounced anisotropic rod-like shape. High colloidal stability of CNC aqueous suspensions is determined by a high negative surface charge of CNC particles. CNC films exhibit birefringence and display "fingerprints" textures, which are characteristic of chiral nematic structures ...
PLANT: Perennial herbs with branched rhizomes. RHIZOMES: deep-seated, often dark brown to purplish black, usually with nodal sheathes similar to the aerial stems, these becoming degraded with age. ROOTS: adventitious, often branched. AERIAL STEMS: unbranched or with whorls of branches, sometimes irregularly branched following flood damage, hollow (except at nodes), with a larger central longitudinal canal and 2 rings of smaller canals, those under the ridges (carinal canals) and those between the ridges (vallecular canals). the nodes jointed. LEAVES: whorled, fused into short sheaths at the stem nodes, the tooth-like free tips brown to black, concolorous or bicolorous with a green to white midvein or white margins, persistent or shed early. STROBILI: cone-like, with peltate sporophylls, borne at the stem and/or branch tips, green or the sporangiophores sometimes brownish- to blackishtinged, the strobilus tip rounded or sharply mucronate. SPORANGIA: in a ring of 5-10 along the undersurface of ...
A healthy chaparral plant community is a mycorrhizal one. On the other hand, the weedy type annual plants generally come from a flood plain with its bacterial system where most of the nutrients wash down from the higher locations and collect and settle on the valley floors. In the old days, weeds never really got a foothold on mountainous areas or foothills, but times have changed as these areas have become richer in nutrient content, no doubt as a result of various pollution components by mankind which have gradually accumulated over the decades to allow for this unnatural succession of invasive non-native annual plant community to take over. Not to mention the complete disappearance of the healthy mycorrhizal community which outcompetes weedy ruderals for nutrients that keeps the weeds in check. This is where I took it upon myself while working there to experiment with a portion of that Starlight Hill that I have revealed to you in any of ...
1. Transmembrane Receptors in Plants: Receptor Kinases and Their Ligands. Keiko U Torii.. 2. Heterotrimeric G-Protein-Coupled Signaling in Higher Plants.. Lei Ding, Jin-Gui Chen, Alan M Jones and Sarah M Assmann.. 3. ROP/RAC GTPases.. Ying Fu, Tsutomu Kawasaki, Ko Shimamoto and Zhenbiao Yang.. 4. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Cascades in Plant Intracellular Signaling.. Shuqun Zhang.. 5. Calcium Signals and Their Regulation.. Zhen-Ming Pei and Simon Gilroy.. 6. Paradigms and Networks for Intracellular Calcium Signaling in Plant Cells.. Sheng Luan.. 7. Reactive Oxygen Signaling in Plants.. Gad Miller, Jesse Coutu, Vladimir Shulaev and Ron Mittler.. 8. Lipid-Mediated Signaling.. Wendy F Boss, Daniel V Lynch and Xuemin Wang.. 9. The Cytoskeleton and Signal Transduction: Role and Regulation of Plant Actin- and Microtubule-Binding Proteins.. Patrick J Hussey and Takashi Hashimoto.. 10. The PCI Complexes and the ...
3b). , 1996). The CE1 motif, at least in maize, has been shown to be a target of the ERF/AP2-type transcription factor ABI4 (Fig. 3b) (Niu & Bate, 2002). ZmABI4 is probably the ortholog of ABI4 in Arabidopsis, as the former complements the abi4 mutant. , 2002). Important motifs for its proper regulation by ABA and drought are recognized by the MYC helix-loop-helix (CACATG) and MYB (TGGTTAG) classes of transcription factors. , 2003; Yamaguchi-Shinozaki & Shinozaki, 2005). , 1997) have produced a wealth of mutants affected in ABA responses. Recent evidence showed that ABA suppresses the hydrolytic activity of the Hϩ-ATPase, most likely by decreasing the phosphorylation of this proton pump, which in turn would have lower affinity for the binding of 14-3-3 proteins (Zhang, X. , 2004). There is no firm idea concerning the types of kinases and protein phosphatases that ensure the correct balance of the Hϩ-ATPase activity. , 2004), which are expressed in guard cells, might also be interesting to ...
COLLEGE STATION - The Texas A&M University Horticulture Club will be hosting its 32nd annual Spring Plant Sale from 8 a.m.-3 p.m. March 29 in College Station.. The sale will be on the lawn of the Horticulture/Forest Science Building on West Campus. Free parking is available.. The plant sale is the main fundraiser, and proceeds are used to sponsor individuals and teams at various collegiate competitions and events, and to support ongoing projects, according to Dr. Leo Lombardini, associate professor of horticulture and faculty advisor.. A variety of plants will be available including tomatoes, peppers, assorted vegetable varieties, house plants, annuals and perennials as well as a wide selection of heirloom and hybrid roses.. For more information, contact Lombardini at 979-458-8079, [email protected] or view the clubs website at http://tamuhorticultureclub.tamu.edu.. -30-. ...
Annual flowers are the showoffs of the summer garden. Although some perennial plants bloom sooner than annuals, these big, bright braggarts bloom for the entire summer. Give them the right amount of sun and theyll justify the effort needed to plant, deadhead and pull them each year. Use them to fill in gaps and ...
I matched how enigmatic I was to get this download Annual and will edit with the amenable muscles. Creek is fired her be up a 4shared movement. And cultural movies thoughts Not more invalid!
Euphorbia helioscopia (sun spurge) is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaceae. It is a herbaceous annual plant, native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and eastward through most of Asia. Other old folk names include wart spurge, umbrella milkweed and "madwomans milk". It is an annual plant growing in arable land and disturbed ground. It grows to 10-50 cm tall, with a single, erect, hairless stem, branching toward the top. The leaves are oval, broadest near the tip, 1.5-3 cm long, with a finely toothed margin. The flowers are small, yellow-green, with two to five basal bracts similar to the leaves but yellower; flowering lasts from mid spring to late summer. It is highly poisonous. Active ingredients are extracted from it for use in pharmaceutical industry. It is also a plant used in Chinese traditional medicine. Its extract has been found to be an inhibitor in vivo of hepatocellular carcinoma in mice and in vitro ...
Tergum: Scutal margin prominently denticulated at lower margin; carinal margin protuberant in upper third to half and highly ridged; occasionally protuberant, separated from the rest of the valve by a narrow groove, growth ridges fine, strong and granulated near the lower scutal margin; sometimes very slight longitudinal striae on the carinal side; spur fasciole usually shallow and in level with the carinal and scutal surface of the tergum; sometimes, spur fasciole separated from scutal as well as carinal side by a narrow groove at the lower half; spur usually obliquely truncated in smaller specimens and almost rounded in older specimens; basal margin usually straight on both sides of spur; occasionally slightly concave on scutal side, rarely on carinal side ...
This study was devoted to the development of pulp Luffa Cclindrica and its characterization paper (annual plant fiber of the family Cucurbitaceae). Baking at soda helps to achieve a high level of delignification (Kappa ≤ 10) and high yield (≈ 67%).The beatability stack Valley is comparable to refined wood fibers, the fibers develop a normally time with good hydrophilic properties without excessive morphological variations. The Comparing to the same level of physical properties of refining pulp Luffa cylindrica with different pulps annual plants (straw, bagasse or kenaf), obtained by different processes, shows good mechanical properties of the fibers, in addition its behavior would tend to approach more the hardwood pulps. The measured thermal conductivity on the handsheets Luffa Cylindrica was found equal to 0.112 W / m K, value being also in the rather broad range of the data of the literature on different types of pulp, between 0.1 and 0.2 W / m K.
Familiar garden flowers - These pansies graced our garden last year Purchase of this digital download gives you all creative rights to use the image, including for marketing purposes. Please note - the original file which you will download is a large file. Please be patient with
Leaf functional traits are adaptations that enable plants to live under different environmental conditions. This study aims to evaluate the differences in leaf functional traits between red and green
Annual plants complete their entire life cycle in one year, whereas Biennial plants complete their life cycle over two growing season.
In: Membrane transport in plants / ed. by Michael R. Blatt.- Oxford [u.a.] : Blackwell [u.a.], 2004.- XX, 372 S.- (Annual plant reviews ; 15).- ISBN 1-405-11803-2.- S. 279-293 ...
Buy Intracellular Signaling in Plants (Annual Plant Reviews v. 33) by Richard Napier From WHSmith today! FREE delivery to store or FREE UK delivery on a...
Corn (Zea mays) is a coarse, annual plant of the grass (Gramineae) family. It ranges in height from 3 to 15 feet and has a solid, jointed stalk, and long, narrow leaves. A stalk usually bears one to three cobs, which develop kernels of corn when fertilized. Corn no longer grows in the wild; it requires human help in removing and planting the kernels to ensure reproduction ...
Gattingers Agalinis (Agalinis gattingeri) is listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). It is a slender plant that is typically less than 15 cm tall with an olive-green stem. It flowers for only one day before the pale pink flowers fall off of the plant, making it difficult to otherwise identify. It is an annual plant that must go through an entire life cycle from germination and seedling establishment to seed-set and dispersal all in one season. As a result, this species may be present and abundant in some years, but sparse or undetectable in other years.
I cant think of a better way to provide a dramatic splash of living color than with the simple beauty of colorful annuals! I was honored this week to visit a lovely garden planted almost entirely with annual plants. Each year, Bill Kresge creates a garden from seed to bloom with spectacular results. Like most gardeners, he begins planning for the new garden season during the winter when he peruses the seed catalogs and places his seed orders. He begins sowing flats of seeds in early March, starting with pansies, and cares for them in an impressive greenhouse behind his home. Bill starts approximately 1,200 plants from seed each spring. Back in May, I toured his greenhouse and he showed me his seed-started techniques. I learned a lot ...
I cant think of a better way to provide a dramatic splash of living color than with the simple beauty of colorful annuals! I was honored this week to visit a lovely garden planted almost entirely with annual plants. Each year, Bill Kresge creates a garden from seed to bloom with spectacular results. Like most gardeners, he begins planning for the new garden season during the winter when he peruses the seed catalogs and places his seed orders. He begins sowing flats of seeds in early March, starting with pansies, and cares for them in an impressive greenhouse behind his home. Bill starts approximately 1,200 plants from seed each spring. Back in May, I toured his greenhouse and he showed me his seed-started techniques. I learned a lot ...
There are no absence of good reasons to head out to the north coast in October. Less fog, less wind, fewer tourists, maybe even a day or two above 65 degrees. A fall visit for me always wraps around Digging Dog Nurserys annual plant sale. Not just a buying opportunity (though there is that) but the yearly stroll though the fabulous borders decked out in their fall ensembles. This isnt just about autumn leaves. The gardens are allowed to age gracefully, the wonderful grasses and seed heads punctuate the late Salvias, Ancontiums,and Heleniums . The borders here are deep and imposing, with large architectural plants anchoring the design. Its something I can never hope to replicate; I will never have the space. But in accepting that , Ive learned that color palettes can be emulated , textural groupings can be mimicked..all on a smaller scale. Deadheading here in my garden has become more selective in late summer-are the faded browned out flowers attractive in shape or color ? If ...
Few plants combine utility and ornamental value and as well as flax (Linum usitatissimum), an annual plant that thrives in moist conditions. Cultivated for 5,000 years for its oil-rich seeds and ...
LEAD: SINCE daffodil foliage does not ripen until late summer, bunch the leaves in an upright position and tie them together with their own foliage to make room for setting in annual plants. If the tulips have not bloomed well in recent years, dig up bulbs and discard; order new ones for planting in fall; finish pruning spring-flowering shrubs; cold soil has persisted and given tardy gardeners time to sow grass seed or set in sod; continue asparagus harvests from three-year-old plants or older; snap off spears at ground level just before cooking.
The problem of the influence of environment on competition presents considerable interest, but as yet what we know is very meager. In the majority of cases it is observations of a qualitative character, of which we can give an example here: "The root-systems of the vegetation in the steppes of Southern Russia form, according to Patchossky, three strata. The uppermost one consists of short roots belonging to annual plants which vegetate for a short time. The second, deeper-lying stratum belongs to the essential plants of the steppe vegetable covering, the Gramineae. The third, deepest stratum consists of the vertical stem-like roots of perennial dicotyledons (among them the steppe Eaphorbia). Usually, the second gramineous stratum dominates. When, however, an immoderate pasturing takes place in a given locality, the gramineous covering begins to suffer and does not produce a vigorous root-system. Atmospheric precipitation can now penetrate to those soil horizons where roots ...
Metabolomics Approaches to Advance Understanding of Nitrogen Assimilation and Carbon-Nitrogen Interactions. Annual Plant Reviews Volume 42: Nitrogen Metabolism in Plants in the Post-Genomic Era. 249-268. 2010 ...
Mulching the area around any fruit-bearing plant -- trees, vines or annual plants -- conserves moisture and controls weeds. But fruit yield gets a boost from the application of mulch, as well. ...
I know many of you rely on university trials to plan for your upcoming season. So, following along with the trend Ive been covering over the past several weeks, Id like to share more top trial performers with you. Ohio State University recently announced its "Best of the Best" from its 2013 annual plant trials. These plants received a perfect score on all four evaluations taken over the summer. Here are some of this years trial favorites. Perhaps theyll find their way into your production! If youd like to learn more about OSUs trials, go to http://ohiofloriculture.osu.edu/cultivar-trials. Coleus Kong Jr. Scarlet (Ball Ingenuity). ...
Background and Aims Brachypodium distachyon is being widely investigated across the world as a model plant for temperate cereals. This annual plant has three cytotypes (2n = 10, 20, 30) that are still regarded as part of ...
Annuals -- plants that sprout, bloom, set seeds, and die in one growing season -- provide some of the brightest and most reliable colors in the landscape.
J. L. Schafer, Mudrak, E. L., Haines, C. E., Parag, H. A., Moloney, K. A., and Holzapfel, C., "The association of native and non-native annual plants with Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) in the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts", Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 87, pp. 129-135, 2012. ...
Regarding the production of vegetables and annual plants, the output of maize reached 5.13 million tons, down 114.6 thousand tons against 2016 due to the decrease of 52.9 thousand hectares of the cultivated area (maize productivity increased by 110 kilograms per hectare). The output of sweet potato gained 1.35 million tons, up 81.9 thousand tons (the cultivated area raised by 1.6 thousand hectares); sugar-cane production achieved 18.32 million tons, up 1.11 million tons (the cultivated area went up by 12.8 thousand hectares); the yield of cassava gained 10.34 million tons, down 569.1 thousand tons (the cultivated area fell by 34.4 thousand hectares); the yield of peanut reached 461.5 thousand tons, down 2.1 thousand tons (the area went down by 4.1 thousand hectares); soya production attained 102.3 thousand tons, down 22 thousand tons (a decrease of 16.1 thousand hectares of cultivated area); vegetables of all kinds achieved 16.49 million tons, up 562.8 thousand tons (the area increased by ...
The cayenne pepper water or water is a herbaceous annual plant that reaches four feet high if the soil is moist and rich in nitrogen. It is therefore easy to fi...
In population genetics overlapping generations refers to mating systems where more than one breeding generation is present at any one time. In systems where this is not the case there are non-overlapping generations (or discrete generations) in which every breeding generation lasts just one breeding season. If the adults reproduce over multiple breeding seasons the species is considered to have overlapping generations. Examples of species which have overlapping generations are many mammals, including humans, and many invertebrates in seasonal environments. Examples of species which consist of non-overlapping generations are annual plants and several insect species. Non-overlapping generations is one of the characteristics that needs to be met in the Hardy-Weinberg model for evolution to occur. This is a very restrictive and ...
Echium (Echium lycopsis) is an annual plant that flourishes along paths and fields in the Netherlands. The apricot tree (Prunus armeniaca) is a small to medium-sized tree, cultivated in Italy, China and Iran. Cosmefa 40 is a mix of 80% apricot kernel oil and 20% echium seed oil, extracted by mechani...Learn more ...
Tetratheca probably belongs to M. de Jussieus order of Ericæ, not indeed that it answers well to his characters of that order, but it is allied to some of its genera, especially Pyrola. All its species are small shrubs with red flowers (varying to white), which retain their colour when dried.. Tetratheca juncea has a small woody root, which has some appearance of that of an annual plant. The stem is much branched, even from the base; the branches alternate, long and slender, very acutely triangular, and almost winged. Leaves mostly small and not numerous, alternate, lanceolate, entire. Stipulæ none. Each branch produces a simple series of drooping flowers, in a racemose order, on simple capillary red footstalks, with a small leaf at the base of each. Calyx deeply cloven, obtuse. Petals obovate, crimson, paler on the outside, entire. Stamina equal; the filaments very short; antheræ slightly curved, with four blunt angles, and four furrows, brown, tipped with a pale simple ...
Looking for Masur dhal? Find out information about Masur dhal. leguminous Old World annual plant with whitish or pale blue flowers. Its pods contain two greenish-brown or dark-colored seeds, also called lentils, which... Explanation of Masur dhal
There are three overarching scientific barriers to bioengineering trees. First, trees are so different from the annual plants used in most biotech research that scientists may have little ability to use better known genomes as guides. Second, researchers have been unable to propagate most trees clonally, an essential step in reliably disseminating new strains. (An exception is the genus Populus, whose members-aspens, poplars, and cottonwoods-can be easily cloned and have long been favored by researchers for that reason.) Finally, even if breeders produce trees with the desired genetic makeup, the effects would take years to evaluate, unlike wheat or maize, which can be tested in a few months. Recent work suggests that researchers are close to solving the first two difficulties; the third may be overcome with more funding and experience.. In conventional biotech, researchers studying little-known species can work with genes from better understood species, ...
Basil is a robust aromatic annual plant and is widely cultivated throughout Europe. This chapter describes the botany, history, producing regions, flavor and aroma, parts used, and active...
Flax is an annual plant cultivated for its fiber, which is used in making linen. Flaxseed and its oil are used in herbal remedies.
Nigella sativa (family Ranunculaceae) is an annual plant that has been traditionally used on the Indian subcontinent and in Middle Eastern countries. In this study, we investigated the effect of N. sativa oil on the ...
Looking for Ceratocarpus? Find out information about Ceratocarpus. a genus of monoecious annual plants of the family Rubiaceae. The forked-branching, pubescent herbs measure 5-30 cm tall and usually form small, globose... Explanation of Ceratocarpus
ដំណាំ​ស្រូវ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ពិនិត្យ​ដោយ បណ្ឌិត ម៉ែន សារុម ជំពូក​៥ ពន្ធុវិទ្យា និង បសិដ្ឋកម្ម​ពូជ ម៉ែន សារុម និង ពិត ខុនហ៊ែល ៥.១. ពន្ធុសាស្ត្រ​នៃ​ដំណាំ​ស្រូវ (Rice genetics) ស្រូវ​គឺជា​រុក្ខជាតិ​ឯកវត្ស (Annual plant) ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​ចាត់​ទៅ​ក្នុង​ក្រុម​ឯកពិជបត្ត​រុក្ខជាតិ (Monocotyledon) ឬ រុក្ខជាតិ​ដែល​មាន​ពន្លក​ស្លឹក​មួយ​នៅ​ក្នុង​គ្រាប់ និង​ជា​រុក្ខជាតិ​ដែល​ត្រូវការ​រយៈ​ពន្លឺ​ថ្ងៃ​ខ្លី ...
Check out CLA Safflower Oil Side Effects in Naschitti, New MexicoWhat is Cla Safflower OilClick here!In order to realize what CLA Saflower Oil is we will need to separate the CLA away from the safflower. We will start with the Safflower it is (Carthamus tinctorius) which is a extremely branchy, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant. It…
We studied altitudinal patterns in the number of trait states of seven categorical traits found among vascular plants (DBH ≥ 2.5 cm) in 35 0.1-ha plots between 1330 and 2890 m. Information on plant traits was obtained from literature and herbaria. To test the altitudinal correlations, we permuted the plot-to-species matrix by randomly selecting species from the entire species pool (conserving the species richness and the species-abundance pattern in each plot), applying no restrictions and by creating plot-wise null assemblages of species that most likely occurred near a particular plot. In addition, the altitudinal pattern of trait states was examined using fourth-corner analysis. ...

The ISME Journal - Bacterial growth at -15[thinsp][deg]C; molecular insights from the permafrost bacterium Planococcus...The ISME Journal - Bacterial growth at -15[thinsp][deg]C; molecular insights from the permafrost bacterium Planococcus...

Gene expression profiling reflects physiological processes in salt acclimation of Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 68031. Plant ... 1974). The effect of alterations in the physical state of the membrane lipids on the ability of Acholeplasma laidlawii B to ... Galperin et al., 2001). Several hypothetical proteins were also increased in expression and are among the large gene clusters ... These types of putative gene clusters have also been identified to change in expression under subzero growth in E. sibiricum ( ...
more infohttp://www.nature.com/ismej/journal/v7/n6/full/ismej20138a.html?error=cookies_not_supported&code=2863f607-4ad4-4d86-aa61-6e635d7a713d

Anil Grover - WikipediaAnil Grover - Wikipedia

... cellular and physiological processes of the plant and these studies have assisted in widening the understanding of genomic and ... Gene. 428 (1-2): 9-19. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2008.09.028. Reactive oxygen species Regulation of gene expression India portal ... proteomic alterations as well as the ROS metabolism of the plant. His studies have been documented by way of a number of ... "Department of Plant Molecular Biology - Anil Grover". dpmb.ac.in. 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2017-12-06. "Department of Plant ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anil_Grover

Metabolic implications of stress-induced proline accumulation in plants | SpringerLinkMetabolic implications of stress-induced proline accumulation in plants | SpringerLink

Stress-related alterations in proline metabolism may impinge on systems of redox control of plant gene expression. ... The relationship between proline accumulation and other morphological and physiological changes. Physiol Plant 56: 513-517 ... Thus, the extreme sensitivity of the metabolic processes of proline synthesis and degradation themselves may be of benefit by ... Gene expression regulated by abscisic acid and its relation to stress tolerance. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 45: 113- ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1005703923347

DOAB: Directory of Open Access BooksDOAB: Directory of Open Access Books

Alterations in gene expression are essential during growth and development phases and when plants are exposed to environmental ... which are associated with changes in the biochemical and physiological processes that help plants to avoid or reduce potential ... by which plant gene regulation and phenotype are modified, is a major topic to develop in the near future in order to increase ... This mainly based on the influence that epigenetic alterations have on an amazing number of biological processes, such as gene ...
more infohttps://www.doabooks.org/doab?func=search&uiLanguage=en&query=kw:%22DNA%20Methylation%22

Brassinosteroid-Regulated Gene Expression | Plant PhysiologyBrassinosteroid-Regulated Gene Expression | Plant Physiology

... resulting in morphological or physiological aberrations that in turn cause changes in expression of genes rather unrelated to ... and the clear induction of IAA3and IAA19 expression observed within 1 h may point to a mechanism different from alterations of ... cbb3suggested a role of BRs in light-regulated processes. The de-etiolation is accompanied by derepression of light-induced ... 1998) Ectopic expression of a novel MYB gene modifies the architecture of the Arabidopsis inflorescence. Plant J 13:729-742. ...
more infohttp://www.plantphysiol.org/content/129/3/1241?ijkey=3733cd4d2130a1c14fa4e9b271e27fba1caeec33&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Frontiers | Pleiotropic Roles of Cold Shock Domain Proteins in Plants | Plant ScienceFrontiers | Pleiotropic Roles of Cold Shock Domain Proteins in Plants | Plant Science

CSP functions are associated mainly with cold adaptation, but they are also involved in other biological processes under normal ... Eukaryotic CSD proteins contain auxiliary domains in addition to the CSD and regulate many biological processes such as ... In addition, it has been suggested that some plant CSD proteins regulate embryo development, flowering time and fruit ... Eukaryotic CSD proteins contain auxiliary domains in addition to the CSD and regulate many biological processes such as ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2011.00116/full

Arabidopsis Transcription Factors: Genome-Wide Comparative Analysis Among Eukaryotes | ScienceArabidopsis Transcription Factors: Genome-Wide Comparative Analysis Among Eukaryotes | Science

Regulation of gene expression at the level of transcription influences or controls many of the biological processes in a cell ... 1). These proteins appear to be involved in plant-specific processes: GOLDEN2 controls the differentiation of a photosynthetic ... alterations in the expression of genes coding for transcriptional regulators are emerging as a major source of the diversity ... or organism, such as progression through the cell cycle, metabolic and physiological balance, and responses to the environment ...
more infohttps://science.sciencemag.org/content/290/5499/2105?ijkey=f145a9fb78506e4b973ebbc5f1a87d345a30ce5a&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Alterations of the Biochemical Pathways of Plants by the Air Pollutant Ozone: Which are the True Gauges of Injury?Alterations of the Biochemical Pathways of Plants by the Air Pollutant Ozone: Which are the True Gauges of Injury?

Plant strategies to survive ozone stress include exclusion or tolerance of ozone. If these processes fail, past observations of ... most of these changes are likely to have been initiated at the level of gene expression, suggesting signal transduction. In the ... ozone injury have indicated many physiological and metabolic changes then occur; ... Alterations of the Biochemical Pathways of Plants by the Air Pollutant Ozone: Which are the True Gauges of Injury?. Robert L. ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2007/679863/abs/

Subject: gain-of-function mutation / Publication Year: 2018 / Text Availability: Citation in PubAg - PubAg Search ResultsSubject: 'gain-of-function mutation' / Publication Year: 2018 / Text Availability: Citation in PubAg - PubAg Search Results

... gene expression; gene expression regulation; genes; hydrogen peroxide; nitrates; nitrogen; plant growth; plant response; root ... A plethora of developmental and physiological processes in land plants is influenced by auxin, to a large extent via ... alterations in gene expression by AUXIN RESPONSE FACTORs (ARFs). The canonical auxin transcriptional response system is a land ... gene expression; gene expression regulation; heterosis; hybrids; lignin; mitochondria; mitochondrial genome; open reading ...
more infohttps://pubag.nal.usda.gov/?f%5Bpublication_year_rev%5D%5B%5D=7982-2018&f%5Btext_availability%5D%5B%5D=Citation+in+PubAg&q=%22gain-of-function+mutation%22&search_field=subject&sort=title

A Lab Aloft (International Space Station Research) - Page 5 - International Space Station research and technology topicsA Lab Aloft (International Space Station Research) - Page 5 - International Space Station research and technology topics

In the context of human spaceflight, scientists will continue to use fruit flies as a model to test gene expression in the ... There also are Earth applications, including understanding basic plant processes that may increase our ability to control more ... This led to a better understanding or the fungus fundamental physiological responses and their ability to cause infectious ... how they grow or metabolize and alterations to the tissue in which cells live. Developmental biologists can learn much from ...
more infohttps://blogs.nasa.gov/ISS_Science_Blog/page/5/?cdt=1367473748565

BenefitsBenefits

In the context of human spaceflight, scientists will continue to use fruit flies as a model to test gene expression in the ... There also are Earth applications, including understanding basic plant processes that may increase our ability to control more ... This led to a better understanding or the fungus fundamental physiological responses and their ability to cause infectious ... how they grow or metabolize and alterations to the tissue in which cells live. Developmental biologists can learn much from ...
more infohttps://blogs.nasa.gov/ISS_Science_Blog/tag/benefits/

OPUS Würzburg | SearchOPUS Würzburg | Search

In summary, our studies provide evidence that epigenetic processes regulate gene expression, physiological processes, and the ... we measured physiological alterations and gene expression events in the stressed heart in the presence or absence of integrin ... The gene expression data of the plant tumor dataset pointed to a switch from a mainly aerobic, auxotrophic to an anaerobic and ... Furthermore, ECM gene expression was altered and, in particular, the increased expression of the matricellular protein SPARC ...
more infohttps://opus.bibliothek.uni-wuerzburg.de/solrsearch/index/search/searchtype/all/rows/10/languagefq/eng/start/50/subjectfq/gene+expression

The Maize Corngrass1 miRNA-Regulated Developmental Alterations Are Restored by a Bacterial ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase in...The Maize Corngrass1 miRNA-Regulated Developmental Alterations Are Restored by a Bacterial ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase in...

"Virus-based microRNA expression for gene functional analysis in plants," Plant Physiology, vol. 153, no. 2, pp. 632-641, 2010. ... miR156 are known to target the SPL transcription factors, which are involved in various physiological processes including ... In this study, we analyzed the gene expression levels of NbSPL1, NbSPL9, NbSPL12, and NbSPL15 (Figure 4). Expression of the ... "Starch biosynthesis during pollen maturation is associated with altered patterns of gene expression in maize," Plant Physiology ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijg/2018/8581258/

Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology - WikipediaMax Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology - Wikipedia

... genome evolution in eukaryotes and the genetic and evolutionary processes that underlie the physiological plasticity of plant ... their physiology and gene expression as well as their metabolic and genetic interactions with the nucleo-cytosolic compartment ... reverse genetics to alter plants and functional genomic approaches to analyze the pleiotropic effects of these alterations. ... The Metabolic Networks Department studies a wide set of physiological processes involved in orchestrating photosynthetic carbon ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Planck_Institute_of_Molecular_Plant_Physiology

Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America / Publication Year: 2008 / Source:...Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America / Publication Year: 2008 / Source:...

Jasmonates (JAs) are plant-specific signaling molecules that steer a diverse set of physiological and developmental processes. ... gene expression regulation; transcription (genetics); cell cycle; metabolism; plant physiology; transcriptome; lignin; ... We report on alterations in the transcriptome of a fast-dividing cell culture of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana .... DOI: ... Targeted gene expression is a powerful approach to study the function of genes and cells in vivo. In Drosophila, the P element- ...
more infohttps://pubag.nal.usda.gov/?f%5Bjournal_name%5D%5B%5D=Proceedings+of+the+National+Academy+of+Sciences+of+the+United+States+of+America&f%5Bpublication_year_rev%5D%5B%5D=7992-2008&f%5Bsource%5D%5B%5D=2008+v.105+no.4&per_page=100

DNA Methylation Mediated Control of Gene Expression Is Critical for Development of Crown Gall Tumors | proLékaře.czDNA Methylation Mediated Control of Gene Expression Is Critical for Development of Crown Gall Tumors | proLékaře.cz

In summary, our studies provide evidence that epigenetic processes regulate gene expression, physiological processes, and the ... Alterations in DNA methylation are most likely attributable to the methylation pattern of the transformed plant cells since it ... In summary, our studies provide evidence that epigenetic processes regulate gene expression, physiological processes, and the ... Little is known about plant signals that may affect the DNA methylation patterns and thereby gene expression. A process ...
more infohttps://www.prolekare.cz/casopisy/plos-genetics/2013-2/dna-methylation-mediated-control-of-gene-expression-is-critical-for-development-of-crown-gall-tumors-42078

IJMS  | Free Full-Text | Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Mechanisms of Heat Stress Tolerance in Plants | HTMLIJMS | Free Full-Text | Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Mechanisms of Heat Stress Tolerance in Plants | HTML

HT-induced gene expression and metabolite synthesis also substantially improve tolerance. The physiological and biochemical ... Plant responses to HT vary with the degree and duration of HT and the plant type. HT is now a major concern for crop production ... signaling cascades and transcriptional control are activated to offset stress-induced biochemical and physiological alterations ... Plant survival under HT stress depends on the ability to perceive the HT stimulus, generate and transmit the signal, and ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/5/9643/htm

Alleviative role of exogenously applied mannitol in maize cultivars differing in chromium stress tolerance | SpringerLinkAlleviative role of exogenously applied mannitol in maize cultivars differing in chromium stress tolerance | SpringerLink

Bhauso TD, Thankappan R, Kumar A, Mishra GP, Dobaria JR, VenkatRajam M (2014) Over-expression of bacterialmtlDgene confers ... morpho-physiological and biochemical alterations in plants. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 145:90-102CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... PusaUphar expressing a bacterial mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase gene confers abiotic stress tolerance. Plant Cell Tissue ... anthropogenic versus natural processes. Geosciences 3:140-158CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11356-018-3970-2

New GMO Wheat May Silence Vital Human GenesNew GMO Wheat May 'Silence' Vital Human Genes

... and also potentially through alterations in gene expression.. Most Consumers Unaware of GMO Risks. The biotech industry, led by ... Some dsRNA molecules can have profound physiological effects on the organism that makes them. Physiological effects are the ... And, as noted, plant miRNA has been shown to interfere with human microRNA by mimicking it and binding to the receptors, ... MicroRNA has been widely shown to alter many critical biological processes, including apoptosis - the process of programmed ...
more infohttps://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/04/23/amp/gm-wheat.aspx

The APETALA-2-Like Transcription Factor OsAP2-39 Controls Key Interactions between Abscisic Acid and Gibberellin in Rice |...The APETALA-2-Like Transcription Factor OsAP2-39 Controls Key Interactions between Abscisic Acid and Gibberellin in Rice |...

The AP2 gene family has been found to control a wide range of physiological processes including through the regulation of genes ... 1998 Expression studies of the zeaxanthin epoxidase gene in nicotiana plumbaginifolia. Plant Physiol 118 3 1021 1028 ... These phenotypic alterations were apparently due to an alteration in the endogenous hormonal balance in the plant. ... The gene expression analysis also showed the upregulation of the ELONGATED UPPERMOST INTERNODE (EUI) (Os05g0482400) gene which ...
more infohttps://www.prolekarniky.cz/casopisy/plos-genetics/2010-9/the-apetala-2-like-transcription-factor-osap2-39-controls-key-interactions-between-abscisic-acid-and-gibberellin-in-rice-45295

Plant Physiology | 
            
            Digital Textbook LibraryPlant Physiology | Digital Textbook Library

in contrast, long-term processes inevitably involve major changes in the pattern of gene expression. ... rapid physiological responses frequently involve alterations in the fluxes of ions across membranes and usually involve ... physiological processes at low concentration. The site of synthesis and mode of transport for plant hormones, however, is not ... Extracellular factors of plant morphogenesis are plant growth regulators (PGRs), which often called as plant hormones or ...
more infohttps://www.tankonyvtar.hu/en/tartalom/tamop425/0010_1A_Book_angol_01_novenyelettan/ch04s03.html

Frontiers | Reverse Engineering: A Key Component of Systems Biology to Unravel Global Abiotic Stress Cross-Talk | Plant ScienceFrontiers | Reverse Engineering: A Key Component of Systems Biology to Unravel Global Abiotic Stress Cross-Talk | Plant Science

... current attempts are poor to understand the complex physiological processes impacting plant growth under combinatory factors. ... hypotheses by implementing time-dependent gene expression data from genetically engineered plants with modulated expression of ... We further propose to combine information on gene-by-gene interactions with data from physical interaction platforms such as ... hypotheses by implementing time-dependent gene expression data from genetically engineered plants with modulated expression of ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2012.00294/full

DELAY OF GERMINATION 1 mediates a conserved coat-dormancy mechanism for the temperature- and gibberellin-dependent control of...DELAY OF GERMINATION 1 mediates a conserved coat-dormancy mechanism for the temperature- and gibberellin-dependent control of...

2010) Ectopic expression of wheat and barley DOG1-like genes promotes seed dormancy in Arabidopsis. Plant Sci 179(5):536-542. ... In tobacco, gene expression of GA20ox, but not of KO or KAO, has been shown to be regulated by a GA negative feedback mechanism ... These alterations in hormone metabolism are brought about by the temperature-dependent differential expression of genes ... Physiological Assays.. Analysis of seed germination (24) and embryo growth potential (33) was performed as described in SI ...
more infohttp://www.pnas.org/content/111/34/E3571

Grafting with rootstocks induces extensive transcriptional re-programming in the shoot apical meristem of grapevine | Springer...Grafting with rootstocks induces extensive transcriptional re-programming in the shoot apical meristem of grapevine | Springer...

... of gene expression. The transcript that best correlated with plant size in grafted apple trees was a sorbitol dehydrogenase [11 ... Rootstocks are known to alter various physiological processes in the scion such as vigor or biomass accumulation [4], fruit ... related to alterations in the chromatin structure of hetero-grafted plants and could be involved in some of the gene expression ... Gene expression studies have been used to shed light on the mechanisms behind rootstock conferred vigor in fruit trees. Gene ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2229-13-147

Role of RNA Binding Proteins and Post-Transcriptional Regulation in Response to Environmental Changes in Arabidopsis thalianaRole of RNA Binding Proteins and Post-Transcriptional Regulation in Response to Environmental Changes in Arabidopsis thaliana

... to alterations in light and temperature involves programed changes in gene expression that are necessary for physiological and ... Together, the results of this survey indicate Arabidopsis CSPs are involved in multiple processes of post-transcriptional ... Transcript abundance is frequently used to monitor changes in gene expression in response to sub-optimal growth conditions. ... However, transcript accumulation may not accurately mirror gene expression due to extensive post-transcriptional and post- ...
more infohttps://escholarship.org/uc/item/0gr8w7tn
  • Mapping of the RNA polymerase I transcription and rRNA processing sites, using different pre‐rRNA, snoRNA and nucleolar protein probes, indicates that the plant cell nucleolus is organized as a series of concentric layers in which transcription and successive rRNA processing reactions occur. (embopress.org)
  • Low temperature is a critical environmental factor that affects growth and survival of many plant species and limits their geographical distribution. (frontiersin.org)
  • Four different methods (real time PCR, in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis) were performed to systematically control for tissue-, species- and isoform-specific expression on both the pre- and posttranslational level. (uni-wuerzburg.de)
  • Chromium stress decreased the overall growth of plants by reducing the plant height, root/shoot dry weight, chlorophyll contents, and enzymatic activities, while exacerbated the severity of reactive oxygen species in both maize cultivars. (springer.com)
  • Subsequently, they showed that some plant species promote flowering when daylength falls below a critical daylength, whereas other plants accelerate flowering in response to daylengths longer than a critical daylength. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Low expression of LINC00982 and PRDM16 is associated with altered gene expression, damaged pathways and poor survival in lung adenocarcinoma. (medworm.com)
  • B7‑H3 expression levels in tumor tissues from 115 patients undergoing radical cystectomy for MIBC were detected by immunohistochemical staining, followed by analysis of the association with clinicopathological characteristics and survival. (medworm.com)
  • However, the differential expression pattern of the two isoforms TPH1 and TPH2 which encode two forms of the rate-limiting enzyme of 5-HT synthesis is controversial. (uni-wuerzburg.de)
  • Expression of the T-DNA-encoded oncogenes IaaH , IaaM , and Ipt results in increased synthesis of both auxin and cytokinin , . (prolekare.cz)
  • ABA generally regulates development by retarding plant growth, although there is recent evidence suggesting a growth promotion effect of ABA through reducing ethylene synthesis - . (prolekarniky.cz)
  • No artificial treatments interfere with endogenous signaling pathways, but a subset of phenotypic alterations of phytohormone-deficient plants most probably is secondary. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Here, a comprehensive spatio-temporal analysis clarifies TPH1 and TPH2 expression during pre- and postnatal development of the mouse brain and in adult human brain as well as in peripheral organs including the pineal gland. (uni-wuerzburg.de)
  • Although TPH1 expression was found in these peripheral tissues, no significant TPH1 expression was detected in the brain, neither during murine development, nor in mouse and human adult brain. (uni-wuerzburg.de)
  • Plant hormones have synergistic or antagonistic effects on the physiological processes associated with growth and development. (prolekarniky.cz)
  • The use of rootstocks, in which the entire root system of a plant is replaced, has a profound effect on scion development. (springer.com)
  • Combinations of stresses such as drought and heat, as well as compounding effects of several abiotic and biotic stresses impact plant development more severely than single stress effects leading to severe yield losses ( Atkinson and Urwin, 2012 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • In conclusion, dysregulated lncRNA and mRNA expression could promote OC development. (medworm.com)
  • Mutants with reduced non-CG methylation developed larger tumors than the wild-type controls, indicating that hypermethylation inhibits plant tumor growth. (uni-wuerzburg.de)
  • Expression of glgC alone or in combination with Cg1 enhanced biomass yield and total sugar content per plant, suggesting the potential of these genes in improving economically important biofuel feedstocks. (hindawi.com)
  • Anjum SA, Ashraf U, Khan I, Saleem MF, Wang LC (2016) Chromium toxicity induced alterations in growth, photosynthesis, gas exchange attributes and yield formation in maize. (springer.com)
  • These treatments, also, altered the sex ratio to be in favour of female flowers and led to the earliness of fruit production as well as total fruit yield / plant was significantly increased. (docgo.net)
  • Hence, it could be recommended that foliar spraying with salicylic acid at 150 ppm and calcium at 1000 ppm could be used to induce cold tolerability as well as increase the final fruit yield and fruit quality of squash plant under open field at low temperature condition. (docgo.net)
  • Crown gall tumors develop after integration of the T-DNA of virulent Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains into the plant genome. (uni-wuerzburg.de)
  • The bacterial pathogen A. tumefaciens genetically engineers the host plant by transferring its T-DNA, a piece of DNA from the tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid, into the plant genome. (prolekare.cz)
  • The objective of the present study was to investigate the expression of B7 homologue 3 (B7‑H3) in muscle‑invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) tissues, evaluate its correlation with patient clinicopathological characteristics, and to explore the effect of B7‑H3 on MIBC cells. (medworm.com)
  • We further show that these networks are a powerful tool to integrate and analyze high-throughput expression data, as exemplified by our analysis of a SHORT ROOT induction time-course microarray dataset, and are a reliable source for the prediction of novel root gene functions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The effect of different temperature rates are discussed in chapters dealing with the whole plant water relationship. (tankonyvtar.hu)
  • Extracellular factors of plant morphogenesis are plant growth regulators (PGRs), which often called as plant hormones or phytohormones. (tankonyvtar.hu)
  • However, the low percentage of TF promoters bound by at least one TF and the little overlap in expression enrichment between TFs and their targets suggest that several genes that might be important components of the stele TRN could have been missed in this network. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition to OsNCED-1 , the gene expression analysis revealed the upregulation of a gene that codes for the Elongation of Upper most Internode (EUI) protein, an enzyme that catalyzes 16α, 17-epoxidation of non-13-hydroxylated GAs, which has been shown to deactivate gibberellins (GAs) in rice. (prolekarniky.cz)
  • We further propose to combine information on gene-by-gene interactions with data from physical interaction platforms such as protein-protein or TF-gene networks. (frontiersin.org)
  • To explore the full potential of gene network inference in the area of abiotic stress tolerance, we need to validate hypotheses by implementing time-dependent gene expression data from genetically engineered plants with modulated expression of target genes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Ideally, a BR-regulated gene displays a dose-response relationship in such a way that a gene with decreased transcript levels in BR-deficient plants is BR inducible and vice versa. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Plant strategies to survive ozone stress include exclusion or tolerance of ozone. (hindawi.com)
  • Germination timing is an important adaptive early-life history trait which determines plant fitness in natural and agricultural ecosystems. (pnas.org)
  • Together, these results reveal a novel mechanism for the control of the ABA/GA balance in rice which is regulated by OsAP2-39 that in turn regulates plant growth and seed production. (prolekarniky.cz)
  • This model, called the external coincidence model ( Pittendrigh and Minis, 1964 ), has been supported by a number of physiological studies for the control of flowering time, indicating that the basis of daylength measurement is the interaction of an external light signal with a circadian rhythm ( Thomas and Vince-Prue, 1997 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • As in vertebrate cells, plant cells contain coiled bodies (CBs), nuclear organelles of still poorly defined function. (embopress.org)
  • This prediction is creating apprehension among scientists, as heat stress has known effects on the life processes of organisms, acting directly or through the modification of surrounding environmental components. (mdpi.com)
  • Furthermore, other defensive indicators, such as salicylic acid and jasmonic acid, tend to increase, but more slowly than ethylene, and spread their signaling effects more widely in the plant. (hindawi.com)
  • Consequently, if a plant is grown under a specific daylength that causes it to be exposed to light at this particular phase, then flowering is induced if the plant shows a LD response, or repressed if the plant shows a SD response. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Finally, we established expression patterns after BR treatment of wild-type and dwf1-6 ( cbb1 ) plants. (plantphysiol.org)
  • cotton plants that silence a gene that allows cotton bollworms to process the toxin gossypol, which occurs naturally in cotton. (mercola.com)