Aspergillus niger: An imperfect fungus causing smut or black mold of several fruits, vegetables, etc.Aspergillus: A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.Aspergillus fumigatus: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.Aspergillus nidulans: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.Aspergillus flavus: A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.Glucan 1,4-alpha-Glucosidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues successively from non-reducing ends of polysaccharide chains with the release of beta-glucose. It is also able to hydrolyze 1,6-alpha-glucosidic bonds when the next bond in sequence is 1,4.Aspergillosis: Infections with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS.6-Phytase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Polygalacturonase: A cell wall-degrading enzyme found in microorganisms and higher plants. It catalyzes the random hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosiduronic linkages in pectate and other galacturonans. EC 3.2.1.15.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Citric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Penicillium: A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.Genes, Fungal: The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.Glycoside HydrolasesDNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.Xylosidases: A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha- or beta-xylosidic linkages. EC 3.2.1.8 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.32 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.37 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans; and EC 3.2.1.72 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans. Other xylosidases have been identified that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha-xylosidic bonds.Glucose Oxidase: An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.1.3.4.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Mycobacillin: A cyclic polypeptide antibiotic isolated from culture filtrates of Bacillus subtilis that acts as an antifungal agent.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.XyloseXylans: Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hyphae: Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.Mycelium: The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.Aflatoxins: Furano-furano-benzopyrans that are produced by ASPERGILLUS from STERIGMATOCYSTIN. They are structurally related to COUMARINS and easily oxidized to an epoxide form to become ALKYLATING AGENTS. Members of the group include AFLATOXIN B1; aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin G1, aflatoxin G2; AFLATOXIN M1; and aflatoxin M2.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Ochratoxins: Isocoumarins found in ASPERGILLUS OCHRACEUS and other FUNGI. Ochratoxin contaminated FOOD has been responsible for cases of FOODBORNE DISEASES.Aspergillus ochraceus: An imperfect fungus that produces ochratoxins and contaminates EDIBLE GRAIN and coffee beans.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases: Enzymes which catalyze the endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in XYLANS.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases: Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Cellulase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.Mitosporic Fungi: A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.Maltose: A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.Pectins: High molecular weight polysaccharides present in the cell walls of all plants. Pectins cement cell walls together. They are used as emulsifiers and stabilizers in the food industry. They have been tried for a variety of therapeutic uses including as antidiarrheals, where they are now generally considered ineffective, and in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Infections of the respiratory tract with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS. Infections may result in allergic reaction (ALLERGIC BRONCHOPULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS), colonization in pulmonary cavities as fungus balls (MYCETOMA), or lead to invasion of the lung parenchyma (INVASIVE PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS).Rhizopus: A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, a common saprophyte and facultative parasite of mature fruits and vegetables. It may cause cerebral mycoses in diabetes and cutaneous infection in severely burned patients.Itraconazole: A triazole antifungal agent that inhibits cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes required for ERGOSTEROL synthesis.Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary: Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.beta-Glucosidase: An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.ArabinoseSterigmatocystin: A carcinogenic mycotoxin produced in high yields by strains of the common molds, Aspergillus versicolor, A. nidulans, and an unidentified species of Bipolaris. It causes necrosis of the liver and kidney and has an inhibitory effect on orotic acid incorporation into nuclear RNA.Enzyme Stability: The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.Drug Resistance, Fungal: The ability of fungi to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antifungal agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation.Isomaltose: A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in an alpha (1-6) glycosidic linkage.Mycotoxins: Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.TriazolesMycology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of fungi, and MYCOSES.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Lung Diseases, Fungal: Pulmonary diseases caused by fungal infections, usually through hematogenous spread.Polysaccharidesbeta-Mannosidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-mannose residues in beta-D-mannosides. The enzyme plays a role in the lysosomal degradation of the N-glycosylprotein glycans. Defects in the lysosomal form of the enzyme in humans result in a buildup of mannoside intermediate metabolites and the disease BETA-MANNOSIDOSIS.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Mannans: Polysaccharides consisting of mannose units.Trichoderma: A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.Xylan Endo-1,3-beta-Xylosidase: A xylosidase that catalyses the random hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-xylans.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Sorbic Acid: Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Aspergillus oryzae: An imperfect fungus present on most agricultural seeds and often responsible for the spoilage of seeds in bulk storage. It is also used in the production of fermented food or drink, especially in Japan.Amphotericin B: Macrolide antifungal antibiotic produced by Streptomyces nodosus obtained from soil of the Orinoco river region of Venezuela.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Lung infections with the invasive forms of ASPERGILLUS, usually after surgery, transplantation, prolonged NEUTROPENIA or treatment with high-doses of CORTICOSTEROIDS. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis can progress to CHRONIC NECROTIZING PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS or hematogenous spread to other organs.alpha-Glucosidases: Enzymes that catalyze the exohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-glucosidic linkages with release of alpha-glucose. Deficiency of alpha-1,4-glucosidase may cause GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE II.
8 March 2017). "HisB as Novel Selection Marker for Gene Targeting Approaches in Aspergillus Niger". BMC Microbiology. CS1 maint ... Loros named these two, unlinked, genes ccg-1 and ccg-2, with the initialisms standing for clock-controlled genes, a term which ... Gene identification in Neurospora was additionally progressed by Loros' lab when it produced a high density SNP map for ... Lastly, continuing on with an idea from her post-doc work, Loros resynthesized a gene that codes for firefly luciferase. Since ...
... sequencing and heterologous expression of the monoamine oxidase gene from Aspergillus niger". Mol. Gen. Genet. 247 (4): 430-438 ... In lower eukaryotes such as aspergillus and in bacteria the main role of amine oxidases is to provide a source of ammonium. ...
5-α-L-arabinase gene of Aspergillus niger". Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 40: 318-326. doi:10.1007/bf00170387. PMID 7764386. ...
Faulds CB, Williamson G, van den Hombergh JP, Visser J (1997). "The faeA genes from Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus ... Faulds CB, Williamson G (1994). "Purification and characterisation of a ferulic acid esterase (FAE-III) from Aspergillus niger ... "Purification and characterization of a novel esterase induced by growth of Aspergillus niger on sugar-beet pulp". Biotechnol. ...
"Re: GRAS Notification for Acid Lactase from Aspergillus oryzae Expressed in Aspergillus niger". United States Food and Drug ... The Lactase Protein E. coli β-galactosidase: PDB: 1JYY​ Gene Ontology for Lactase Making of the Fittest: Got Lactase? The Co- ... such as Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus oryzae. Its primary commercial use, in supplements such as Lacteeze and Lactaid, is ... In humans, lactase is encoded by the LCT gene. Lactase supplements are sometimes used to treat lactose intolerance. Lactase ...
... in Aspergillus niger and subsequent characterization of the proteins identified them as orsellinic acid synthases. A ... Two putative alleles of polyketide genes were identified, referred to as PPS1 and PPS2. QRT-PCR monitoring of PPS1 showed up- ... regulation of this gene after mycelial wounding. The domain architecture was the following for PPS1: KS, AT, DH, MT, KR, ACP, ... prenyltransferase gene, termed BYPB, was overexpressed in E. coli and the subsequent protein was confirmed to add a prenyl ...
As part of the Gene Alliance, founded in 1998, the company was involved in the large-scale genome analysis project Aspergillus ... Niger funded by DSM (The Netherlands) and finished in 2001. 2006 started the company to develop the next generation sequencing ...
2000) created a synthetic gene for the toxin HMK normally produced by Williopsis mrakii, which they inserted into Aspergillus ... niger and showed that the engineered strain could control aerobic spoilage in maize silage and yoghurt. Ciani and Fatichenti ( ... MAK genes are not known. The toxin consists of three subunits, which are matured in golgi complex by signal peptidase and ... There are other killer systems in S. cerevisiae, such as KHR1 and KHS1 genes encoded on chromosomes IX and V, respectively. The ...
... such as the common mold Aspergillus niger, and can result from point mutations in the gene encoding Nox2. In this disorder, ... Teahan C, Rowe P, Parker P, Totty N, Segal AW (1987). "The X-linked chronic granulomatous disease gene codes for the beta-chain ... Jendrossek V, Ritzel A, Neubauer B, Heyden S, Gahr M (February 1997). "An in-frame triplet deletion within the gp91-phox gene ... Ariga T, Sakiyama Y, Matsumoto S (October 1994). "Two novel point mutations in the cytochrome b 558 heavy chain gene, detected ...
... genes from Aspergillus niger in Lactococcus lactis facilitates improved carbon conversion rates under oxidizing conditions". ... platelet A genetic mutation in the PFKM gene results in Tarui's disease, which is a glycogen storage disease where the ability ... There are three phosphofructokinase genes in humans: PFKL - liver PFKM - muscle PFKP - ...
The phytase from the fungus Aspergillus niger is a HAP and is well known for its high specific activity and its commercially ... the HAP phytase gene from E. coli has been successfully expressed in a transgenic pig. β-propeller phytases make up a recently ... "Shifting the pH profile of Aspergillus niger PhyA phytase to match the stomach pH enhances its effectiveness as an animal feed ... Only a few phytases have been described as highly specific for phytic acid, such as phytases from Bacillus sp., Aspergillus sp ...
Zou J, Hallberg BM, Bergfors T, Oesch F, Arand M, Mowbray SL, Jones TA (2000). "Structure of Aspergillus niger epoxide ... Cameron D, Olin B, Ridderström M, Mannervik B, Jones TA (1997). "Crystal structure of human glyoxalase 1 - evidence for gene ...
It is apparent that this species does not have the gene sequence for coding ochratoxin and thus pu'er tea should be considered ... Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus. It causes a disease called black ... Abarca M, Bragulat M, Castellá G, Cabañes F (1994). "Ochratoxin A production by strains of Aspergillus niger var. niger". Appl ... Recently the strain of ATCC 16404 Aspergillus niger has been reclassified at Aspergillus brasiliensis (refer to publication by ...
US 6069146 "GRAS Notification for Acid Lactase from Aspergillus oryzae Expressed in Aspergillus niger". Section 2. Wortman; ... Malik SB, Pightling AW, Stefaniak LM, Schurko AM, Logsdon JM (2008). "An expanded inventory of conserved meiotic genes provides ... A. niger is a prime example of this; it can be found growing on damp walls, as a major component of mildew. Aspergillus are ... The genome size of an enzyme-producing strain of A. niger is of intermediate size at 33.9 Mb. Some Aspergillus species cause ...
The genes that cause this dimorphism in style size are the subject of current research. So far, it has been established that ... Laboratory tests showed it has some inhibitory activity against various fungi, such as Candida glabrata, Aspergillus flavus, A ... niger, A. fumigatus, Penicillium chrysogenum, and Candida albicans. Hot water extracts of different parts of the plant (i.e. ...
Other strain collections include Allomyces (pdf), Aspergillus niger, and Neurospora strains from the historical Tatum lab ... In the 1980s and 1990s the FGSC added molecular materials including cloned genes, cloning vectors and gene libraries to the ... Since adding targeted gene deletion strains of Neurospora crassa, Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida albicans to the ... To that end the FGSC web-site hosts extensive protocols for Neurospora and Aspergillus. Other materials and services are ...
... occurring mainly in plant debris where its presence has been suggested to be exclusive of Aspergillus niger (a common ... The adoption of DNA sequence-based analysis of critical genes such as β-tubulin and calmodulin is likely to expand the number ... Aspergillus alabamensis is able to grow at water activities as low as those tolerated by A. terreus (e.g., aW = 0.78). Unlike ... Aspergillus alabamensis is a soil fungus in the division Ascomycota first described in 2009 as a segregated taxon of A. terreus ...
... organism found and responsible for almost all pu'er fermentation has been identified in numerous studies as Aspergillus niger, ... It is apparent that this species does not have the gene sequence for coding ochratoxin and thus pu'er tea should be considered ... 2013). "Aspergillus luchuensis, an industrially important black Aspergillus in East Asia". PLOS ONE. 8 (5): e63769. doi:10.1371 ... 2006). 普洱熟茶后发酵加工过程中曲霉菌的分离和鉴定/Isolation and Identification of Aspergillus Species from the Post Fermentative Process of Pu-
QSMs have been studied in Candida albicans, C. dubliniensis, Aspergillus niger, A. nidulans, and Fusarium graminearum. QSMs can ... The gene encoding for LuxS has been detected in 35 of the 89 bacterial genomes sequenced and in all of the bacteria the gene ... In every bacterium found so far that produces the AI-2 signaling molecule the LuxS gene was also found. There are three enzymes ... If neither bacteria possess a functional copy of the LuxS gene they cannot form a biofilm. However, if either one of the ...
Orobol, an isoflavone, can be isolated from Aspergillus niger. in yeasts Aromatic alcohols (example: tyrosol) are produced by ... UGT1A6 is a human gene encoding a phenol UDP glucuronosyltransferase active on simple phenols. The enzyme encoded by the gene ... The Arabidopsis regulatory gene for production of Anthocyanin Pigment 1 (AtPAP1) can be expressed in other plant species. ... The phenolic biosynthetic and metabolic pathways and enzymes can be studied by mean of transgenesis of genes. ...
... and fungal pathogens such as Aspergillus niger, polygalacturonase is involved in maceration and soft-rotting of plant tissue. ... and marker exchange mutagenesis of the exo-poly-alpha-D-galacturonosidase-encoding pehX gene of Erwinia chrysanthemi EC16". J. ... "Cloning and DNA sequence analysis of a polygalacturonase cDNA from Aspergillus niger RH5344". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1087 (1 ...
... is an actin-binding fungal T(2)-RNase protein that is produced by the black mold Aspergillus niger, a microorganism ... During the completion of the Human Genome Project, the gene encoding for RNaseT2, the human actibind-like protein, was found on ...
Enzymatic hydrolysis of trehalose was first observed in Aspergillus niger by Bourquelot in 1893. Fischer reported this reaction ... The gene responsible for trehalase activity in S. cerevisiae is NTH1. This gene is with an open reading frame of 2079 base ... The gene responsible for AT activity in S. cerevisiae is ATH1. Ath1p, i.e. AT, has been reported to be necessary for S. ... The gene, which encodes this cytoplasmic trehalase, exhibits high homology to the periplasmic trehalase. In plant kingdom, ...
"Purification and characterization of a novel pyrethroid hydrolase from Aspergillus niger ZD11". J. Agric. Food Chem. 53: 7415- ... strain JZ-1 and characterization of the gene product". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75: 5496-5500. doi:10.1128/aem.01298-09. PMC ... "Cloning of a novel pyrethroid-hydrolyzing carboxylesterase gene from Sphingobium sp. ...
D-galactanase from Aspergillus niger". Agric. Biol. Chem. 55: 1565-1571. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.55.1565. Okemoto, K.; Uekita, T.; ... galactanase gene". Biochem. J. 377 (Pt 3): 749-755. doi:10.1042/BJ20031145. PMC 1223900 . PMID 14565843. Galactan endo-1,6-beta ...
... organism found and responsible for almost all pu'er fermentation has been identified in numerous studies as Aspergillus niger, ... It is apparent that this species does not have the gene sequence for coding ochratoxin and thus pu'er tea should be considered ... "Aspergillus luchuensis, an industrially important black Aspergillus in East Asia". PLoS ONE. 8 (5): e63769. doi:10.1371/ ... Isolation and identification of Aspergillus species from the post fermentative process of Pu-Er ripe tea]. Acta Botanica ...
1987 Development of a homologous transformation system for Aspergillus niger based on the pyrG gene. Mol. Gen. Genet. 206: 71- ... 1994 Bidirectional gene transfer between Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus nidulans. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 122: 227-231. ... niger pyrG gene (van Hartingsveldtet al. 1987) into pCB::Fks. ppyrG, a pUC18 derivative containing the A. nidulans pyrG gene (O ... 1997 The Aspergillus nidulans septin encoding gene, aspB, is essential for growth. Fungal Genet. Biol. 21: 92-100. ...
... was expressed in the protease deficient filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger AB1.13. Fungal transformants were obtained in ... Fungal transformants were obtained in which expression of the glucoamylase fusion gene resulted in secretion of the protein ... Expression of catalytic subunit of bovine enterokinase in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger J Biotechnol. 2000 Jan 21;76 ... was expressed in the protease deficient filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger AB1.13. ...
Aspergillus flavus. *Aspergillus fumigatus. *Aspergillus niger. *Aspergillus terreus. *Aureobasidium pullulans. *Botrytis ... Cernila B, Cresnar B, Breskvar K. Isolation, partial length sequence and expression of steroid inducible hps 70 gene from ... Some of the most frequently occurring are Cladosporium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, Alternaria, and Aureobasidium. ... Cernila B, Cresnar B, Breskvar K. Molecular characterization of a ribosome-associated Hsp70-homologous gene from Rhizopus ...
DOE PAGES Journal Article: Exploiting proteomic data for genome annotation and gene model validation in Aspergillus niger ... title = {Exploiting proteomic data for genome annotation and gene model validation in Aspergillus niger},. author = {Wright, ... Title: Exploiting proteomic data for genome annotation and gene model validation in Aspergillus niger. ... Exploiting proteomic data for genome annotation and gene model validation in Aspergillus niger. United States: N. p., 2009. Web ...
"Characterization of oxylipins and dioxygenase genes in the asexual fungus Aspergillus niger.". Wadman M.W., de Vries R.P., ... tr,A2QDQ5,A2QDQ5_ASPNC Aspergillus niger contig An02c0240, genomic contig OS=Aspergillus niger (strain CBS 513.88 / FGSC A1513 ... Aspergillus niger contig An02c0240, genomic contigImported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using ... Aspergillus niger (strain CBS 513.88 / FGSC A1513)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ...
p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source ... tr,A2R9Z8,A2R9Z8_ASPNC Aspergillus niger contig An18c0030, genomic contig OS=Aspergillus niger (strain CBS 513.88 / FGSC A1513 ... Aspergillus niger contig An18c0030, genomic contigImported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using ... Aspergillus niger (strain CBS 513.88 / FGSC A1513)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ...
Gene deletion of cytosolic ATP: citrate lyase leads to altered organic acid production in Aspergillus niger. In: Journal of ... Gene deletion of cytosolic ATP: citrate lyase leads to altered organic acid production in Aspergillus niger. / Meijer, Susan ... title = "Gene deletion of cytosolic ATP: citrate lyase leads to altered organic acid production in Aspergillus niger", ... T1 - Gene deletion of cytosolic ATP: citrate lyase leads to altered organic acid production in Aspergillus niger ...
Oxalic acid production by citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger overexpressing the oxaloacetate hydrolase gene oahA. Journal ... Oxalic acid production by citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger overexpressing the oxaloacetate hydrolase gene oahA. In: ... Oxalic acid production by citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger overexpressing the oxaloacetate hydrolase gene oahA. / ... title = "Oxalic acid production by citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger overexpressing the oxaloacetate hydrolase gene oahA ...
Cloning and characterization of the pepE gene of Aspergillus niger encoding a new aspartic protease and regulation of pepE and ... Efficient cloning system for construction of gene silencing vectors in Aspergillus niger. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.80:917- ... Relative gene expression of the A. niger homologues of the yeast genes PRE7 and CDC48. B1, biological replicate 1; B2, ... Shotgun Proteomics of Aspergillus niger Microsomes upon d-Xylose Induction. José Miguel P. Ferreira de Oliveira, Mark W. J. van ...
Development of biocatalysts with mono-oxygenase activity: Isolation of the benzoate-para-hydroxylase gene of Aspergillus niger. ... Development of biocatalysts with mono-oxygenase activity: Isolation of the benzoate-para-hydroxylase gene of Aspergillus niger. ... Development of biocatalysts with mono-oxygenase activity: Isolation of the benzoate-para-hydroxylase gene of Aspergillus niger. ... Isolation of the benzoate-para-hydroxylase gene of Aspergillus niger.",. author = "J.G. Boschloo and {van Gorcom}, R.F.M. and C ...
Trial descriptions of strains of Bacillus licheniformis and Aspergillus niger modified with additional alpha-amylase gene(s). ...
Trial descriptions of strains of Bacillus licheniformis and Aspergillus niger modified with additional alpha-amylase gene(s). ...
Spatial differentiation of gene expression in Aspergillus niger colony grown for sugar beet pulp utilization *Isabelle Benoit ... Rights & permissionsfor article Spatial differentiation of gene expression in ,i,Aspergillus niger,/i, colony grown for sugar ...
GENE_FAMILY: HOG000162199 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Aspergillus_niger;CADANGAG00008091;CADANGAT00008091; ... CC Aspergillus niger chromosome I CADRE full sequence 1..3379275 annotated CC Ensembl Genomes CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:A2QUG5_ ... ASPERGILLUS NIGER. OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; Eurotiales; OC Trichocomaceae; mitosporic ... Trichocomaceae; Aspergillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=5061; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the ...
GENE_FAMILY: HOG000162199 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Aspergillus_niger;CADANGAG00014130;CADANGAT00014130; ... CC Aspergillus niger chromosome VIII CADRE full sequence 1..5211011 annota CC by Ensembl Genomes CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN: ... ASPERGILLUS NIGER. OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; Eurotiales; OC Trichocomaceae; mitosporic ... Trichocomaceae; Aspergillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=5061; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the ...
GENE_FAMILY: HOG000233973 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Aspergillus_niger;CADANGAG00004785;CADANGAT00004785; ... CC Aspergillus niger chromosome VII CADRE full sequence 1..3374671 annotat CC by Ensembl Genomes CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN: ... ASPERGILLUS NIGER. OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; Eurotiales; OC Trichocomaceae; mitosporic ... Trichocomaceae; Aspergillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=5061; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the ...
Cloning of Aspergillus niger genes in yeast. Expression of the gene coding Aspergillus β-glucosidase. Mol. Gen. Genet. 194 1984 ... Cloning and sequencing of the cDNA encoding β-glucosidase 1 from Aspergillus aculeatus. Gene 173 1996 287 288 ... The genes encoding FI-carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase) and β-glucosidase from the fungusAspergillus aculeatus were individually ... Co-expression of a Phanerochaete chrysosporium cellobiohydrolase gene and a Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens endo-β-1,4-glucanase gene ...
CC Aspergillus niger (strain CBS 513.88 / FGSC A1513) chromosome 2R, CC complete sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:A2QAN7_ ... ASPNC CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000162199 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; A2QAN7; -. DR EMBL; AM269982; ... ASPERGILLUS NIGER CBS 513.88. OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; OC Eurotiomycetidae; ... Eurotiales; Trichocomaceae; mitosporic Trichocomaceae; OC Aspergillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=425011; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC ...
CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000160005 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Aspergillus_niger;CADANGAG00013053;CADANGAT00013053; ... CC Aspergillus niger chromosome V CADRE full sequence 1..3050620 annotated CC Ensembl Genomes CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:A2R850_ ... ASPERGILLUS NIGER. OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; Eurotiales; OC Trichocomaceae; mitosporic ... Trichocomaceae; Aspergillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=5061; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the ...
Here, we will present an example work flow for identifying the gene cluster encoding the biosynthesis of SMs of interest using ... We will also review the different strategies that can be employed to pinpoint the targeted gene clusters rapidly by giving ... We will also review the different strategies that can be employed to pinpoint the targeted gene clusters rapidly by giving ... Here, we will present an example work flow for identifying the gene cluster encoding the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites ...
The Aspergillus niger faeB gene encodes a second feruloyl esterase involved in pectin and xylan degradation and is specifically ... from Aspergillus niger (54, 55) or Aspergillus japonicus (45, 46). A preparation of the latter enzyme is commercially available ... one porin gene is part of the hca cluster, and the other porin gene is associated with the van genes for conversion of ... Isolation and characterization of a chlorogenic acid esterase from Aspergillus niger. Z. Naturforsch Sect. C35:209-212. ...
Finally, gene duplication plays an important role for α-L-fucosidase evolution not only in Metazoa but also in bacteria and ... Finally, gene duplication plays an important role for α-L-fucosidase evolution, not only in metazoans, but also in bacteria and ... Because the enzymes from bacteria and Metazoa fall in the same subfamily, we proposed that the ancestral gene encoding α-L- ... FUCs were encoded in Aspergillus niger, a model filamentous ascomycete fungus that is widely used in biotechnology. However, ...
CC Aspergillus niger (strain CBS 513.88 / FGSC A1513) chromosome 1R, CC complete sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:A2R2A0_ ... CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000233968 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; A2R2A0; -. DR EMBL; AM270309; CAK41800.1; -; ... 3, Last annotation update) DE SubName: Full=Secretion related GTPase srgA-Aspergillus niger; DE EC=3.1.5.-; EC=3.1.5 1; (ASPNC_ ... ASPERGILLUS NIGER CBS 513.88. OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; OC Eurotiomycetidae; ...
To prove this classification, they reconstituted the BY1 PKS gene into the model fungus Aspergillus niger. In consequence, this ... Hoffmeister and his colleagues argue that it was "the first observation of injury-induced PKS gene expression and the ...
Comments: The enzyme takes part in a D-galacturonate degradation pathway in the fungi Aspergillus niger-and Trichoderma reesei- ... Other name(s): gld1-(gene name); gaaD-(gene name). Systematic name: glycerol:NADP+ oxidoreductase (D/L-glyceraldehyde-forming) ...
  • The secreted EK(L) was easily purified from other proteins found in A. niger culture supernatant, using ion exchange and affinity chromatography. (nih.gov)
  • The annotation has been compared with that submitted to GenBank and the results presented at Asperfest 8 with an abstract (Alternative annotation of Aspergillus genomes with multi-genome Gnomon method) available here . (nih.gov)
  • An abstract of the paper "Cloning and Overexpression of a Yeast Phytase Gene in Pichia Pastoris," by Virginie Neugnot-Roux, Guy Moulin, and colleagues, is presented. (ebscohost.com)
  • 1.1 Chymosin A produced from Escherichia coli K-12 containing calf prochymosin A gene 1.1.2 Construction of production strain E. coli K12 JA198 strain was subjected to several genetic manipulations to construct the recipient strain for the expression plasmid carrying the prochymosin A gene. (inchem.org)
  • The control of heterologous nia D gene expression generally agreed with that found in the wild-type strain, that is, induction by nitrate and repression in the presence of ammonium. (springer.com)
  • Although the transcription of glaA was attenuated in that strain of A. niger, UPR was not evident, suggesting that the transcriptional down-regulation mechanism is controlled differently from the UPR. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Since A. niger is used as a host for the production of homologous and heterologous proteins and commercially important compounds (such as citric acid), the potential presence of a sexual cycle is highly significant for strain improvement. (beds.ac.uk)
  • A strain with a loss-of-function mutation in the xlnR gene encoding the transcriptional activator XlnR and a strain with multiple copies of this gene were investigated in order to define which genes are controlled by XlnR. (asm.org)
  • We expressed two of these enzymes in a suitable A. niger strain and characterized the purified proteins. (asm.org)
  • An agtA knockout of A. niger showed an increased susceptibility towards the cell wall-disrupting compound calcofluor white, indicating a cell wall integrity defect in this strain. (asm.org)
  • The recombinant AB strain contained the α-galactosidase aglB gene from A. niger with its native AglB signal peptide regulated by the glucoamylase promoter. (springer.com)
  • Li J, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Shuang B, Wang D, Zhao N et al (2013) Construction of food-grade xylanase engineering strain of Aspergillus niger . (springer.com)
  • Reduced expression of these genes in the lraC deletion strain on L-rhamnonate show that it is in fact a downstream product of L-rhamnonate. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • A recombinant Aspergillus niger strain expressing the Hypocrea jecorina endoglucanase Cel7B was grown on spent hydrolysates (stillage) from sugarcane bagasse and spruce wood. (sun.ac.za)
  • The spent hydrolysates served as excellent growth media for the Cel7B-producing strain, A. niger D15[egI], which displayed higher endoglucanase activities in the spent hydrolysates than in standard medium with a comparable monosaccharide content (e.g., 2,100 nkat/ml in spent bagasse hydrolysate compared to 480 nkat/ml in standard glucose-based medium). (sun.ac.za)
  • After deletion of the two fumarate reductase and the mitochondrial fumarase genes of M. thermophila , the resulting strain exhibited a 2.33-fold increase in fumarate titer. (springer.com)
  • The strategic metabolic engineering of multiple genes resulted in a final strain that could produce up to 17 g/L fumaric acid from glucose in a fed-batch fermentation process. (springer.com)
  • Production of the 24-kDa S protein and a 48-kDa S protein dimer in the membrane-associated protein fraction of the recombinant A. niger strain was shown through Western analysis. (sun.ac.za)
  • An aox1 mutant strain was created using targeted gene disruption, and the mutant strain was reconstituted to wild type using a full-length AOX1 . (asm.org)
  • It is derived, via fermentation, from a nonpathogenic and nontoxigenic strain of Escherichia coli K-12 containing the prochymosin gene. (fda.gov)
  • It is derived, via fermentation, from a nonpathogenic and nontoxigenic strain of Aspergillus niger van Tieghem variety awamori (Nakazawa) Al-Musallam (synonym A. awamori Nakazawa) containing the prochymosin gene. (fda.gov)
  • This is the first study to show clearly by nuclear run-on studies that the transcriptional down-regulation effect occurs at the level of transcription, rather than mRNA stability, and is found to be mediated through the promoter of the glaA gene (PglaA) in a region more than 1.192 kb upstream of the translational start. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • As a preliminary attempt to investigate if the transcriptional downregulation effect was mediated through HacA (i.e. part of the UPR), the ER stress was induced through antisense technology to lower the level of POI in the ER of A. niger. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Furthermore, activation of the ER-Associated Degradation (ERAO) mechanism in OTT-treated A. niger cultures was demonstrated by detecting transcriptional up-regulation of the putative gene encoding the RpnG, a homologue of the yeast Rpn7p subunit of the 26S proteasome. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Genome-wide analysis was performed to assess the transcriptional landscape of germinating A. niger conidia using both next generation RNA-sequencing and GeneChips. (scoop.it)
  • It has been shown that xylanase- and cellulase-encoding genes are regulated at the transcriptional level ( 10 , 23 , 31 , 43 ). (asm.org)
  • Transcriptional profiling with next-generation sequencing methods refined our understanding of the N. crassa transcriptional response to cellulose and demonstrated that clr-1 and clr-2 were required for the bulk of that response, including induction of all major cellulase and some major hemicellulase genes. (pnas.org)
  • Fungal cellulase gene expression and secretion are tightly controlled at the transcriptional level ( 4 ⇓ - 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • These findings suggest that a complex network of transcriptional activators is required for cellulase and hemicellulase gene induction and secretion in filamentous fungi. (pnas.org)
  • Transcriptional analysis of rhtA and rhaB confirmed that both genes have a coordinated expression, being strongly and specifically induced by L-rhamnose, and controlled by RhaR, a transcriptional regulator involved in the release and catabolism of the methyl-pentose. (wur.nl)
  • Using promoter deletion analysis, we could previously prove that a 217-bp fragment of the xyn1 5′ noncoding region bears all information necessary for transcriptional regulation of xyn1 gene expression ( 23 ). (asm.org)
  • van Peij et al, Isolation and analysis of xInR, encoding a transcriptional activator co-ordinating xylanolytic expression in Aspergillusniger, Molecular Microbiology 27(1): 131-142, 1998. (patentgenius.com)
  • The resulting product (248 to 250 residues) ( 41 ) is fully competent in transcriptional regulation through 5′-GCCARG-3′ sites ( 20 ) in the promoters of both alkaline (activated by PacC) ( 17 ) and acidic (repressed by PacC) ( 16 ) genes. (asm.org)
  • The gene was attached to the vector DNA through the ribosomal binding site and the E. coli tryptophan (trp) promoter. (inchem.org)
  • One module ensures constitutive expression of the tetracycline-dependent transactivator rtTA2 S -M2, and one module harbors the rtTA2 S -M2-dependent promoter that controls expression of the gene of interest (the Tet-on system). (asm.org)
  • We show here that the system is tight, responds within minutes after inducer addition, and allows fine-tuning based on the inducer concentration or gene copy number up to expression levels higher than the expression levels of the gpdA promoter. (asm.org)
  • The nptII gene is under the control of the NOS promoter and terminator with an Agrobacterium tumefaciens-derived open reading frame inserted between the gene and its terminator. (cbd.int)
  • A structure analysis of the promoter regions of the lyase genes revealed a number of putative regulatory DNA elements, such as the AREA and CREA sites, which are related to nitrogen and carbon metabolism, respectively, and the CCAAT/CAAT boxes, which are related to basal expression of genes. (deepdyve.com)
  • In this study, A. niger was subjected to different environmental conditions and ER stress responses were examined under each of these environmental conditions to further investigate the regulation of the gene encoding glucoamylase (glaA). (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The obtained RNA sequences were analysed with custom R and python scripts to obtain the differentially expressed genes and GO terms. (uu.nl)
  • The different response was also illustrated by the fact that only 4 GO terms were shared between the differentially expressed genes of both gene sets. (uu.nl)
  • 900 differentially expressed genes and allowed us to generate testable hypotheses about the cellular functions affected by symbiosis establishment. (g3journal.org)
  • One such example is the identification of a full set of extracellular polysaccharide-acting genes for the degradation of oat spelt xylan. (nih.gov)
  • Although the biochemistry of xylan degradation by H. jecorina has been studied in detail (for examples, see references 5 , 14 , 31 , and 34 ) and the mechanisms governing xyn2 gene expression have been elucidated on its molecular level ( 49 , 52 ), investigations on the regulation of xyn1 gene expression remained fragmentary. (asm.org)
  • The evolution of secondary metabolite degradation by specialization of gene clusters. (genetics-gsa.org)
  • That finding, a rare distribution of styA2B genes among bacteria, and the general observation of evolution from simple to complex systems indicate that one-component SMOs evolved from two-component ancestors. (chemweb.com)
  • In lower eukaryotes such as aspergillus and in bacteria the main role of amine oxidases is to provide a source of ammonium. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, at Danisco they have made a new generation phytase by using the genes from the E. coli bacteria. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • The artificial constructs or transgenic DNA typically contain genetic material from bacteria, viruses and other genetic parasites that cause diseases as well as antibiotic resistance genes that make infectious diseases untreatable. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • Horizontal transfer of transgenic DNA has the potential, among other things, to create new viruses and bacteria that cause diseases and spread drug and antibiotic resistance genes among pathogens. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • Prof. Hans-Hinrich Kaatz from the University of Jena, is reported to have new evidence, as yet unpublished, that genes engineered into transgenic plants have transferred via pollen to bacteria and yeasts living in the gut of bee larvae(1). (i-sis.org.uk)
  • They consist of genetic material originating from bacteria, viruses and other genetic parasites that cause diseases and spread drug and antibiotic resistance genes. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The spread of such genes and gene-constructs have the potential to make infectious diseases untreatable and to create new viruses and bacteria that cause diseases. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • These nucleic acids range from oligonucleotides consisting of less than 20 nucleotides to artificial constructs thousands or millions of basepairs in length, typically containing a heterogeneous collection of genes from pathogenic bacteria, viruses and other genetic parasites belonging to practically every kingdom of living organisms. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • Transformation by the uptake of DNA is recognized to be a significant route of horizontal gene transfer among bacteria, and there is overwhelming evidence that horizontal gene transfer and recombination have been responsible for the recent resurgence of drug and antibiotic resistant infectious diseases. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The constructs typically contain antibiotic resistance marker genes plus a heterogeneous array of genes from pathogenic bacteria, viruses and other genetic parasites belonging to practically every kingdom of living organisms on earth (2).Most of the naked nucleic acids and constructs have either never existed in nature, or if they have, not in such large amounts. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The ipuA gene encodes an open reading frame of 1695 bp (564 amino acids). (biochemj.org)
  • This gene encodes a member of the proteasome B-type family, also known as the T1B family, that is a 20S core beta subunit. (antibodies-online.com)
  • Using degenerate polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and thermal asymmetric interlaced PCR, a 1,347-bp full-length complementary DNA fragment encompassing the gene man5A, which encodes a 429-amino acid β-mannanase with a calculated mass of 46.8 kDa, was cloned from acidophilic Bispora sp. (ebscohost.com)
  • The deduced amino acid sequences of these genes were identical (452 aa) and found to belong to the glycosyl hydrolase family 1. (frontiersin.org)
  • But experimentally obtained cDNA sequences often do not completely correspond to annotated genes, for example because previously undescribed alternative splice forms have been isolated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • More recently, partial sequences of the C. albicans homologs of pacC and palA were identified, and homozygous null alleles of these genes compromised filamentous growth on Spider medium ( 49 ). (asm.org)
  • Meet a JGI User: Tobias Erb "The JGI has been crucial for our research because it has provided the scientific community with a tremendous amount of gene sequences over the last couple of years. (doe.gov)
  • These gene sequences have become a true treasure grove for synthetic biologists like us. (doe.gov)
  • Two types of data were generated from these experiments: genes that are differentially expressed under different growth conditions and genes that are highly expressed under these conditions. (concordia.ca)
  • By using a Spin-X centrifuge system, it was confirmed that there are some soluble signal molecules or antibiotics involved in the inhibition by A. niger, although they are absent during the initial 24h of A. flavus growth when it is sensitive to inhibition. (usda.gov)
  • An alternative strategy for finding novel antifungal targets might be in the identification of genes that are essential for fungal growth under in vitro growth conditions ( R eich 2000 ). (genetics.org)
  • Several phenotypic factors in the virulence composite, such as formation of a polysaccharide capsule ( 7 ), melanin production ( 45 ), urease synthesis ( 11 ), phospholipase secretion ( 10 ), mannose production ( 46 ), high-temperature growth ( 28 ), and several signaling molecules and pathways for these factors ( 44 , 28 ), have been identified at the level of their encoding genes and/or controlling networks. (asm.org)
  • In A. flavus, 19 of 20 aflatoxin biosynthetic genes were down-regulated by A. niger. (usda.gov)
  • From these results, we conclude that the biosynthetic genes for MPIase and ECA are independent. (medworm.com)
  • In Aspergilli and H. jecorina , expression of cellulase and hemicellulase genes requires the conserved fungal transcription factor XlnR/XYR1 ( 5 , 7 , 11 ). (pnas.org)
  • In this work we analyse and model the transcription dynamics in the XlnR regulon from time-course data of the messenger RNA levels for some XlnR target genes, obtained by reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). (wur.nl)
  • We show that perturbing the XlnR regulon with Xyl in low and high concentrations results in different expression levels and transcription dynamics of the target genes. (wur.nl)