Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
Electrophoresis in which a second perpendicular electrophoretic transport is performed on the separate components resulting from the first electrophoresis. This technique is usually performed on polyacrylamide gels.
Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.
Electrophoresis in which agar or agarose gel is used as the diffusion medium.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Electrophoresis in which a pH gradient is established in a gel medium and proteins migrate until they reach the site (or focus) at which the pH is equal to their isoelectric point.
Medicated dosage forms for topical application in the vagina. A cream is a semisolid emulsion containing suspended or dissolved medication; a foam is a dispersion of a gas in a medicated liquid resulting in a light, frothy mass; a jelly is a colloidal semisolid mass of a water soluble medicated material, usually translucent.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
An electrochemical process in which macromolecules or colloidal particles with a net electric charge migrate in a solution under the influence of an electric current.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Electrophoresis in which various denaturant gradients are used to induce nucleic acids to melt at various stages resulting in separation of molecules based on small sequence differences including SNPs. The denaturants used include heat, formamide, and urea.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Synthetic organosiloxane gels that are formed from synthetic polymers of silicone oxide with organic sidechains (polydimethylsiloxane) by lengthening the polymer chains. Unlike silicone elastomers, they are not treated with amorphous silica. They are used as fillers in breast implants.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Electrophoresis in which a starch gel (a mixture of amylose and amylopectin) is used as the diffusion medium.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
A type of ion exchange chromatography using diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE-CELLULOSE) as a positively charged resin. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A technique that combines protein electrophoresis and double immunodiffusion. In this procedure proteins are first separated by gel electrophoresis (usually agarose), then made visible by immunodiffusion of specific antibodies. A distinct elliptical precipitin arc results for each protein detectable by the antisera.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Centrifugation with a centrifuge that develops centrifugal fields of more than 100,000 times gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The formation of a solid in a solution as a result of a chemical reaction or the aggregation of soluble substances into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.
Reagents with two reactive groups, usually at opposite ends of the molecule, that are capable of reacting with and thereby forming bridges between side chains of amino acids in proteins; the locations of naturally reactive areas within proteins can thereby be identified; may also be used for other macromolecules, like glycoproteins, nucleic acids, or other.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Colorless, odorless crystals that are used extensively in research laboratories for the preparation of polyacrylamide gels for electrophoresis and in organic synthesis, and polymerization. Some of its polymers are used in sewage and wastewater treatment, permanent press fabrics, and as soil conditioning agents.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Methods of comparing two or more samples on the same two-dimensional gel electrophoresis gel.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
The measurement of the density of a material by measuring the amount of light or radiation passing through (or absorbed by) the material.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.
A group of compounds with the general formula M10(PO4)6(OH)2, where M is barium, strontium, or calcium. The compounds are the principal mineral in phosphorite deposits, biological tissue, human bones, and teeth. They are also used as an anticaking agent and polymer catalysts. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
A method of gel filtration chromatography using agarose, the non-ionic component of agar, for the separation of compounds with molecular weights up to several million.
Hydrolases that specifically cleave the peptide bonds found in PROTEINS and PEPTIDES. Examples of sub-subclasses for this group include EXOPEPTIDASES and ENDOPEPTIDASES.
Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Enzyme systems containing a single subunit and requiring only magnesium for endonucleolytic activity. The corresponding modification methylases are separate enzymes. The systems recognize specific short DNA sequences and cleave either within, or at a short specific distance from, the recognition sequence to give specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. Enzymes from different microorganisms with the same specificity are called isoschizomers. EC
Disruption of the secondary structure of nucleic acids by heat, extreme pH or chemical treatment. Double strand DNA is "melted" by dissociation of the non-covalent hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. Denatured DNA appears to be a single-stranded flexible structure. The effects of denaturation on RNA are similar though less pronounced and largely reversible.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.
Techniques to partition various components of the cell into SUBCELLULAR FRACTIONS.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Electrophoresis applied to BLOOD PROTEINS.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Structurally related forms of an enzyme. Each isoenzyme has the same mechanism and classification, but differs in its chemical, physical, or immunological characteristics.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.
A protein derived from FIBRINOGEN in the presence of THROMBIN, which forms part of the blood clot.
Immunoelectrophoresis in which a second electrophoretic transport is performed on the initially separated antigen fragments into an antibody-containing medium in a direction perpendicular to the first electrophoresis.
Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.
Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)
A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
The making of a radiograph of an object or tissue by recording on a photographic plate the radiation emitted by radioactive material within the object. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.
A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.
Sulfuric acid diammonium salt. It is used in CHEMICAL FRACTIONATION of proteins.
Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
Salts of alginic acid that are extracted from marine kelp and used to make dental impressions and as absorbent material for surgical dressings.
The interaction of two or more substrates or ligands with the same binding site. The displacement of one by the other is used in quantitative and selective affinity measurements.
Analogs of those substrates or compounds which bind naturally at the active sites of proteins, enzymes, antibodies, steroids, or physiological receptors. These analogs form a stable covalent bond at the binding site, thereby acting as inhibitors of the proteins or steroids.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.
Field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues. It includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Compounds which inhibit or antagonize biosynthesis or actions of proteases (ENDOPEPTIDASES).
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.

Removal of non-specific serum inhibitors of haemagglutination of rubella virus by treatment with dodecylamine-gel. (1/2365)

The suitability of using dodecylamine-gel for removing the serum non-antibody-like inhibitors of haemagglutination by rubella was studied. Compared with kaolin and MnCl2/heparin treatment this new procedure appears to have a higher specificity since it removes the non-antibody-like inhibitors from serum without affecting the immunoglobulin level significantly. The potential application of this procedure in routine serological analysis for rubella virus infection is discussed.  (+info)

pH-dependent conformational change of gastric mucin leads to sol-gel transition. (2/2365)

We present dynamic light scattering (DLS) and hydrophobic dye-binding data in an effort to elucidate a molecular mechanism for the ability of gastric mucin to form a gel at low pH, which is crucial to the barrier function of gastric mucus. DLS measurements of dilute mucin solutions were not indicative of intermolecular association, yet there was a steady fall in the measured diffusion coefficient with decreasing pH, suggesting an apparent increase in size. Taken together with the observed rise in depolarized scattering ratio with decreasing pH, these results suggest that gastric mucin undergoes a conformational change from a random coil at pH >/= 4 to an anisotropic, extended conformation at pH < 4. The increased binding of mucin to hydrophobic fluorescent with decreasing pH indicates that the change to an extended conformation is accompanied by exposure of hydrophobic binding sites. In concentrated mucin solutions, the structure factor S(q, t) derived from DLS measurements changed from a stretched exponential decay at pH 7 to a power-law decay at pH 2, which is characteristic of a sol-gel transition. We propose that the conformational change facilitates cross-links among mucin macromolecules through hydrophobic interactions at low pH, which in turn leads to a sol-gel transition when the mucin solution is sufficiently concentrated.  (+info)

Model studies of chromatin structure based on X-ray diffraction data. (3/2365)

Model calculations are presented in order to interpret the X-ray diffraction diagrams given by chromatin gels. It is shown that by taking into account the hydration of chromatin subunits, the problem of calculating the interference function in concentrated gels is greatly simplified. In this way it is spossible to fully interpret the influence of concentration on the position and intensity of the various rings present in the X-ray diffraction patterns. The possibilities and limitations of models based on spherical symmetry are also discussed. It is concluded that each chromatin subunit most likely contains three turns of DNA in each 200 base pairs segment surrounding a central protein core. With the method presented here it is possible to test if other models of chromatin based on different kinds of evidence are compatible with the X-ray diffraction data.  (+info)

Performance of competitive and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, gel immunoprecipitation with native hapten polysaccharide, and standard serological tests in diagnosis of sheep brucellosis. (4/2365)

Competitive and standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), rose bengal (RB), complement fixation, and agar gel immunoprecipitation with native hapten (AGID-NH) were compared by using sera from Brucella-free, Brucella melitensis-infected, and B. melitensis Rev1-vaccinated sheep. The most sensitive tests were indirect ELISA and RB, and the most specific tests were AGID-NH and competitive ELISA. We show that RB followed by AGID-NH is a simple and effective system for diagnosing sheep brucellosis.  (+info)

Cholic acid aids absorption, biliary secretion, and phase transitions of cholesterol in murine cholelithogenesis. (5/2365)

Cholic acid is a critical component of the lithogenic diet in mice. To determine its pathogenetic roles, we fed chow or 1% cholesterol with or without 0.5% cholic acid to C57L/J male mice, which because of lith genes have 100% gallstone prevalence rates. After 1 yr on the diets, we measured bile flow, biliary lipid secretion rates, hepatic cholesterol and bile salt synthesis, and intestinal cholesterol absorption. After hepatic conjugation with taurine, cholate replaced most tauro-beta-muricholate in bile. Dietary cholic acid plus cholesterol increased bile flow and biliary lipid secretion rates and reduced cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase activity significantly mostly via deoxycholic acid, cholate's bacterial 7alpha-dehydroxylation product but did not downregulate cholesterol biosynthesis. Intestinal cholesterol absorption doubled, and biliary cholesterol crystallized as phase boundaries shifted. Feeding mice 1% cholesterol alone produced no lithogenic or homeostatic effects. We conclude that in mice cholic acid promotes biliary cholesterol hypersecretion and cholelithogenesis by enhancing intestinal absorption, hepatic bioavailability, and phase separation of cholesterol in bile.  (+info)

Partitioning of triphenylalkylphosphonium homologues in gel bead-immobilized liposomes: chromatographic measurement of their membrane partition coefficients. (6/2365)

Unilamellar liposomes of small or large size, SUVs and LUVs, respectively, were stably immobilized in the highly hydrophilic Sepharose 4B or Sephacryl S-1000 gel beads as a membrane stationary phase for immobilized liposome chromatography (ILC). Lipophilic cations of triphenylmethylphosphonium and tetraphenylphosphonium (TPP+) have been used as probes of the membrane potential of cells. Interaction of TPP+ and triphenylalkylphosphonium homologues with the immobilized liposomal membranes was shown by their elution profiles on both zonal and frontal ILC. Retardation of the lipophilic cations on the liposome gel bed was increased as the hydrophobicity of the cations increased, indicating the partitioning of lipophilic cations into the hydrocarbon region of the membranes. The cations did not retard on the Sepharose or Sephacryl gel bed without liposomes, confirming that the cations only interact with the immobilized liposomes. Effects of the solute concentration, flow rate, and gel-matrix substance on the ILC were studied. The stationary phase volume of the liposomal membranes was calculated from the volume of a phospholipid molecule and the amount of the immobilized phospholipid, which allowed us to determine the membrane partition coefficient (KLM) for the lipophilic cations distributed between the aqueous mobile and membrane stationary phases. The values of KLM were generally increased with the hydrophobicity of the solutes increased, and were higher for the SUVs than for the LUVs. The ILC method described here can be applied to measure membrane partition coefficients for other lipophilic solutes (e.g., drugs).  (+info)

An ordered metastable phase in hydrated phosphatidylethanolamine: the Y-transition. (7/2365)

By using time-resolved X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry and scanning densitometry, we observed rapid formation at low temperature of a metastable ordered phase, termed LR1 phase, in fully hydrated dihexadecylphosphatidylethanolamine (DHPE). The LR1 phase has the same lamellar repeat period as the gel Lbeta phase but differs from the latter in its more ordered, orthorhombic hydrocarbon chain arrangement. It forms at about 12 degrees C upon cooling and manifests itself as splitting of the sharp, symmetric wide-angle X-ray peak of the DHPE gel phase into two reflections. This transition, designated the 'Y-transition', is readily reversible and proceeds with almost no hysteresis between cooling and heating scans. Calorimetrically, the LR1-->Lbeta transition is recorded as a low-enthalpy (0.2 kcal/mol) endothermic event. The formation of the LR1 phase from the gel phase is associated with a small, about 2 microl/g, decrease of the lipid partial specific volume recorded by scanning densitometry, in agreement with a volume calculation based on the X-ray data. The formation of the equilibrium Lc phase was found to take place from within the LR1 phase. This appears to be the only observable pathway for crystallisation of DHPE upon low-temperature incubation. Once formed, the Lc phase of this lipid converts directly into Lbeta phase at 50 degrees C, skipping the LR1 phase. Thus, the LR1 phase of DHPE can only be entered by cooling of the gel Lbeta phase. The data disclose certain similarities between the low-temperature polymorphism of DHPE and that of long-chain normal alkanes.  (+info)

The compliance of collagen gels regulates transforming growth factor-beta induction of alpha-smooth muscle actin in fibroblasts. (8/2365)

Wound contraction is mediated by myofibroblasts, specialized fibroblasts that appear in large numbers as the wound matures and when resistance to contractile forces increases. We considered that the regulation of myofibroblast differentiation by wound-healing cytokines may be dependent on the resistance of the connective tissue matrix to deformation. We examined transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) induction of the putative fibroblast contractile marker, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and the regulation of this process by the compliance of collagen substrates. Cells were cultured in three different types of collagen gels with wide variations of mechanical compliance as assessed by deformation testing. The resistance to collagen gel deformation determined the levels of intracellular tension as shown by staining for actin stress fibers. For cells plated on thin films of collagen-coated plastic (ie, minimal compliance and maximal intracellular tension), TGF-beta1 (10 ng/ml; 6 days) increased alpha-SMA protein content by ninefold as detected by Western blots but did not affect beta-actin content. Western blots of cells in anchored collagen gels (moderate compliance and tension) also showed a TGF-beta1-induced increase of alpha-SMA content, but the effect was greatly reduced compared with collagen-coated plastic (<3-fold increase). In floating collagen gels (high compliance and low tension), there were only minimal differences of alpha-SMA protein. Northern analyses for alpha-SMA and beta-actin indicated that TGF-beta1 selectively increased mRNA for alpha-SMA similar to the reported protein levels. In pulse-chase experiments, [35S]methionine-labeled intracellular alpha-SMA decayed most rapidly in floating gels, less rapidly in anchored gels, and not at all in collagen plates after TGF-beta1 treatment. TGF-beta1 increased alpha2 and beta1 integrin content by 50% in cells on collagen plates, but the increase was less marked on anchored gels and was undetectable in floating gels. When intracellular tension on collagen substrates was reduced by preincubating cells with blocking antibodies to the alpha2 and beta1 integrin subunits, TGF-beta1 failed to increase alpha-SMA protein content in all three types of collagen matrices. These data indicate that TGF-beta1-induced increases of alpha-SMA content are dependent on the resistance of the substrate to deformation and that the generation of intracellular tension is a central determinant of contractile cytoskeletal gene expression.  (+info)

Global Ultrasound Gel Market Professional Survey Report 2017 Purchase This Report by calling at +1-888-631-6977.. Global Ultrasound Gel Market Report 2021 Research Report is a professional in-depth study report and indeed a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.. There has been an increasing demand for Global Ultrasound Gel Sales Market, so several market analysts have dedicated time and effort to get into the bottom of the trend and see whether theres basis for this significant market performance. With the most current research data, analysts were able to understand the concept behind Global Ultrasound Gel Market.. Enquiry before Buying: Market research reports for the Global Ultrasound Gel Sales Market included detailed segmentation of international, analysis of supply and demand trends, 5-year forecast of market growth, volumes of historic brand market, analysis of the production, ...
I have two stories here for your reading pleasure. One about the safe use of ultrasound gel, and another about using guacamole as an imaging medium in scanning non-human primates. This first story deals with a pet peeve of mine: tossing out old ultrasound gel bottles. I think most sonographers are aware that ultrasound gel can harbour bad pathogens, and the gel warmer is a great incubator. Most but not all sonographers regularly toss out used gel bottles on a monthly basis. One further note before I paste the link regards the use of bottled ultrasound gel as an endovaginal lubricant. I find that practice horrendous. Why introduce pathogens into a females vaginal canal from a warm bottle of gooey gel that has been in the warmer for a few months? Always use sterile KY jelly packets as the lubricant when performing these procedures. Here is the link all sonographers should read regarding this subject ...
Effect of budesonide on fibroblast-mediated collagen gel contraction and degradation.: These findings demonstrate that budesonide directly modulates contraction
The sols prepared by mixing a ZrOCl2 acidified solution to a hot H2SO4 aqueous solutions were studied in order to clarify the mechanism of thermoreversible sol-gel transition observed in this system. The viscoelastic properties of these suspensions were analyzed during the sol-gel transition by dynamic rheological measurements and quasi-elastic light scattering. The rheological properties were correlated to mass fractal and nearly linear growth models, and percolation theory. The results evidence that the thermoreversible sol-gel transition in this system is due to the formation of a network of physically linked aggregates having fractal structure. The decrease of the SO42- contents in the initial solution leads to the decrease of the fractal dimensionality from 2.3 to 1.8, indicating a change of the kinetic mechanism of aggregate growth. Near the gel point these samples have the typical scaling expected from percolation theory. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.. ...
CLARITY® Ultrasound Gel Medium Viscosity Conductive, Salt & Alcohol Free, Water-Soluble Contact Medium CLARITY® Ultrasound Gel was developed as a coupling medium to facilitate transmission of the ultrasound energy from the machine head to the tissues. Ultrasound gel is used to avoid intense sound […]
China 1ml 2ml Reyoungel Fine Hyaluronate Acid Gel Injection Hyaluronic Acid to Remove Worry Lines, Find details about China Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Filler, Injection Dermal Filler from 1ml 2ml Reyoungel Fine Hyaluronate Acid Gel Injection Hyaluronic Acid to Remove Worry Lines - Shanghai Bioha Technology Co., Ltd.
A novel method based on the steady state fluorescence technique was used to study the sol-gel transition in the free radical crosslinking reaction between styrene (St) and divinyl benzene (DVB) with 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as initiator. N-(4-(pyrenyl methylene)-oxy-carbonyl phenyl)maleimide (Py-MI) was used as a fluorescence probe. The possible enchainment of Py-MI in alternating sequences occurred randomly in polymer clusters produced modifications in the fluorescence spectra, namely the shift at the higher wavelengths due to the excimer formation. The fluorescence spectra of Py-MIs excimers allowed both to monitor the sol-gel transition and to test the critical exponents as function of co-monomers concentration. The gel fraction exponent beta and the weight average degree of polymerization exponent gamma agreed best with the static percolation values. Although this technique was applied for St-DVB co-polymerization, it may be generalized for the other monomers that are able to ...
The report firstly introduced the Ultrasound Gel basics: definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain overview; industry policies and plans; product specifications; manufacturing processes; cost structures and so on. Then it analyzed the worlds main region market conditions, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, capacity utilization, supply, demand and industry growth rate etc. In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investmentreturn analysis. ...
[121 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2017 Top 5 Ultrasound Gel Players in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa report by LP Information INC. ...
Das Doctor Babor Doc Hyaluronic Ultrasound Gel aus der Tech Cellular Serie ist ein speziell entwickeltes, feuchtigkeitsspendendes Kontaktgel für Ultraschallanwendungen mit dem Babor Ultrasonic Skin Ac
Page contains details about thermosensitive gel containing CAP-EFV-NP . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles :
This paper investigates the possibility for iron fortification of food using protein gel particles in which iron is entrapped using cold-set gelation. The aim is to optimize the iron encapsulation efficiency of whey protein by giving the whey protein different heat treatment prior to gelation with iron. The effect of the heat treatment conditions (mild-intermediate-severe) on the iron-induced cold-set gelation process was studied to optimize the gel strength in relation to the iron concentration. Rheology was used to study the protein gel formation, and the stability of the gel particles and iron encapsulation efficiency was determined by measuring the protein and iron content at different pH. Both the iron concentration and the heat treatment conditions appear to affect the gel formation process and gel strength of the iron-induced cold-set gels. With the protein gel particles being stable at a broad pH range, the release of iron from the particles was studied as a function of time. The low ...
Introduction: Bismuth-based nanoparticles having high atomic number and electron density, besides of being utilized as CT contrast agent, stand as a strongly proposed method for dose enhancement in radiotherapy. Embedded nanoparticle in polymer gel dosimeter poses the first step to assess the dose enhancement capability in nanoparticles. To this end, MAGICA gel dosimeter, which is a modified kind of agarose-added magic gel to obtain more stiffness and stability is appropriate method. This study aims at determining the dose enhancement capability of bismuth nanoparticles in this gel under conventional external radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: In current study, the synthesized bismuth nanoparticles approximately with 20 nanometers in diameter and 0.1mM in concentration were injected into MAGICA gel and exposed to 6 MV X-rays beams from linear accelerator simultaneously with control gel samples irradiated in different five doses from 2-10Gy. Results: MAGICA polymer gel response against radiation
TY - JOUR. T1 - Preparation of protein gel matrix and angiogenesis of vascular endothelial cell in the gel. AU - Li, Fu Yang. AU - Yao, Li Bo. AU - Yang, Jing Hua. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - Vitronectin was purified from human plasma by heparin affinity chromatography and rough plasma protein containing fibrinogen was isolated from human plasma by (NH4)2SO4 precipitation. Protein gel was generated by addition of thrombin to the complex composed of plasma protein, bovine fetal serum and DMEM. Bovine aortic endothelial cell (BAEC) was plated on the gel matrix and the growth, vascular formation of endothelial cell in the gel were observed. The results demonstrated that BAEC can adhere to the gel surface and grow normally as grow on the culture plate, while under the induction of bFGF, BAEC can migrate into the gel and form vascular-like structure in the gel matrix. Many vascular-like structures can link to each other to form capilary net structure.. AB - Vitronectin was purified from human plasma ...
Fluorouracil/epinephrine injectable gel (5-FU/epi gel) was evaluated in vitro for its drug-release profile characteristics and in a mouse tumor model for its antitumor effectiveness. In vitro...
When I was in Tanzania we used exclusively guar gum gel for teaching and a research project on malaria. We found that the gel can last as little as 2 days at room temperature before becoming a much thinner liquid. I think that was due to some bacterial growth. It did not smell bad, though. It lasted longer when I cleaned the bottles well and rinsed them with boiling water. It also lasted better if refrigerated, which is not often an option. We also found that it worked great for ocular ultrasound. We were looking at optic nerve diameter and it was completely non-irritating when used on the eyelid directly, even if a little got in the eye. We also found that the tiny sieves that they had in the market in Tanzania, I think they were for making tea, worked great as a way to sprinkle the powder into the boiling water. We sometimes used a little more than a teaspoon of guar gum for a cup of water, just depending on what consistency we were looking for. I would suggest re-making the gel every 2-3 days ...
In this paper, the optimal composition of a paeonol temperature-sensitive in situ gel composed of poloxamer 407 (P407) was determined, and a preliminary study of its effect on allergic rhinitis was performed. The optimal composition of the paeonol temperature-sensitive in situ gel included 2% paeonol inclusion, 22% P407, 2% poloxamer 188 (P188) and 2% PEG6000, as assessed by thermodynamic and rheological studies. The toad palate model was employed to study the toxicity of the paeonol temperature-sensitive in situ gel on the nasal mucosa. The result of this experiment showed low toxicity to cilia, which allows the gel to be used for nasal administration. The Franz diffusion cell method was used to study the in vitro release of paeonol and suggested that the in vitro release was in line with the Higuchi equation. This result suggests that the paeonol could be absorbed into the body through mucous membranes and had some characteristics of a sustained effect. Finally, the guinea pig model of ovalbumin
Multi-use Gels are ideal for several different purposes due to their superior coupling efficiency and pleasing, quality cosmetic base. The hypo-allergenic gels effectively use rich, moisturizing formulas that prove comfortable and pleasing to both the patient and the ultrasound practitioner.. ...
These are cardiomyocytes, green, proliferating in a mouse heart after gel injection. Credit: University of Pennsylvania In mammals, including humans, the
The Therapedic 11 Hybrid Copper Gel Medium Mattress provides you a comfortable and rejuvenating nights sleep day in and day out. Copper-infused gel beads are incorporated into the cell structure of the foam for added comfort.
World Standard for Medical Ultrasound Transmission, AQUASONIC 100 is the most widely used gel for diagnostic and therapeutic medical ultrasound. Recommended for all procedures where a viscous gel is required. ...
Liquitex Gel Mediums found in: Liquitex Acrylic Gels & Pastes, Liquitex Basics Acrylic Mediums Open Stock and Sets, Liquitex Acrylic Effects..
The enzyme Transglutaminase is used as a novel method of increasing the stiffness of collagen gel without affecting other characteristics. This discovery has allowed for a more accurate analysis of cancer cell motility in ...
Add a new dimension to painting! Formulated for maximum flexibility, versatility, and durability, these gel mediums produce a variety of textural and impasto effects.
There are many great treatment modalities that can help in both acute and chronic pain, including, for example, in acute pain TENS units and other electrical stimulation can be rather effective. Providers have several sources from which to find these technologies. One source is Salt Lake City-based Dynatronics, which offers the Dynatron Solaris Plus 708, a device that has three channels of independent treatment setups, including ultrasound, e-stim, and tri-wave light. It is designed with a touchpad that allows the user to move the center of interference to the pain site. Another combination unit is the SoleoSonoStim from Zimmer MedizinSystems, Irvine, Calif.. Therapeutic ultrasound is another modality in the PT toolkit that can be used to manage pain. This technology is used with an ultrasound gel that is applied to the skin. One option for this type of gel is Aquasonic Clear ultrasound gel provided by Parker Labs, Fairfield, NJ, formulated to be acoustically correct for a broad range of ...
Due to the coronavirus outbreak worldwide, global demand for some personal protective equipment (PPE) is exceeding supply. In addition, manufacturing of PPE and many other wound care and infection prevention products have been impacted by global response to coronavirus. While you may see product availability reduction in the near-term, please be assured Medline continues to work to diversify production and provide your supply needs. As always, please reach out to your Medline sales representative with any specific questions or follow up. ...
1. The Carotid Screening: The sonographer will assist you to the exam table and have you lie down. Ultrasound gel will be applied to your neck area and the technologist will move a transducer (our camera so to speak) over both the RT and Lt Carotid arteries. This will allow the physician to visualize real-time the structure and integrity of the neck arteries to observing for plaque or arterial narrowing. Approximately 5-10 minutes.. 2. Abdominal Aorta Screening:. The sonographer will ask you to lift your shirt up to expose your abdomen. Ultrasound gel will be applied and the transducer moved up and down your abdomen over your aortic vessel. This portion of the test checks for enlargement of the abdominal aorta. The physician will report the results of the Carotid and Aortic exam as this portion is completed.. 3. Ankle-Brachial Indices Exam: The ABI exam will assess for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The technologist will assist you in removing your socks, shoes and rolling up your shirt ...
Acne gels can be great for spot treatment of unsightly pimples. Acne gels can begin to fade the brown spots left behind when acne heals just about as soon
A clear or colored top coating composition containing internally cross-linked microgel particles is disclosed. The microgel particles are produced by emulsion-polymerizing a monomer mixture of ethylenically unsaturated monomers including at least one cross-linking monomer and have a refraction index which is equal or close (≦0.05) to that of a surrounding film-forming polymer fully cured with a cross-linking agent.
...Boston MA - Some 25 million people in the United States alone suffer ...Among its advantages the gel could allow the targeted release of medi... We think that this platform could be useful for multiple medical appl...Karp will present the findings April 15 at the annual meeting of the S...,Injectable,gel,could,spell,relief,for,arthritis,sufferers,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Surimi containing omega-3 fatty acids from algal oil was prepared by the addition of oil-in-water emulsions or bulk oil. Emulsion and bulk oil were added separately to surimi to provide ~500 mg of omega-3 fatty acids per serving of surimi (85 g). Addition of the emulsion had no effect on surimi gel strength, whereas bulk oil decreased gel strength an average of 31%. All surimi treatments containin ...
Today is the last day of the week-long meeting, which featured speeches from Bill Clinton and Bill Gates. Some good news was presented at the meeting. The number of people receiving drugs to treat HIV infections is up. And a promising development for controlling HIV transmission was talked about, a new gel that women can use that can help dramatically slow the spread of the virus ...
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Researchers in the US have developed a new injectable hydrogel that could be an effective and safe treatment for tissue damage caused by heart attacks. Developed by a team at University of California, San Diego, the hydrogel is made up of cardiac connective tissue that is stripped of heart muscle cells through a cleansing process, freeze dried and milled into powder form before being liquefied. Once it hits body temperature, the liquid turns into a semi-solid, porous gel that encourages cells to repopulate areas of damaged cardiac tissue and to preserve heart function. The hydrogel forms a scaffold to repair the tissue and provides biochemical signals that prevent further deterioration in the surrounding tissues ...
Scientists report they have developed gels that, in animal tests, can be injected into the heart to shore up weakened areas and prevent heart failure.
A curved-surface cassette/gel system is disclosed in which the walls of a cassette and the major surfaces of a slab-shaped electrophoresis gel in the cassette coact to substantially exclude liquid or gas from between either wall and the major surfaces of the gel. Exclusion is accomplished by exerting a normal force at all points on the walls of the cassette and at all points on the major surfaces of the gel. A curvature may be present in at least one wall of the cassette and in at least one major surface of the cassette. A cassette headpiece may be divided by septa which form an edge seal with the slab gel. The spaces formed between the septa function as wells into which sample materials may be placed.
Horizontal Mini Gel Kit, CE. Gel dimensions of 7.5cm (w) x 10cm (l) [MHU-202] - Flip-Lid mini-horizontal features UV transparent acrylic gel bed, UV transparent gel tray, tapered baffles for easy in situ gel formation, comb and safety cover with interlocking leads. Select comb from list above.
Juvéderm® New York City - Dr. Steven Victor M.D. specializes in Dermal Fillers such as Juvéderm® and other Cosmetic Dermatology Procedures. Our practice serves Manhattan, New York City (NYC) and surrounding areas.
There is a good article on the pixie dust in the Aug. 2011 Discover Magazine. It was used at Brookes Army Hospital in San Antonio to restore a soldiers thigh muscles in which 70 percent of the muscle had been destroyed. His restored eg is now stronger then the other leg. Doctors wanted to amputate it originally, but the soldier heard about this powder and was able to have a form of it applied to his leg. Also of extreme interest is something called Stem Cell Gun, for burns, do a google search and you can find video on it from a National Geographic show. Meanwhile, most Dr.s will still saw your legs off and put skin from your butt on your face to save you; never mentioning this technology. If you look up ACell or Matristem you can get more up dates on the dust. Interestingly is is for sale on Amazon.. ...
You have probably read, seen or heard about toning gel. But, like many other products out there that promise you fast results and a better-looking you without much effort on your part, toning gel has its skeptics. You may be wondering if toning gel works. Well, the answer is yes...and no.. Theres nothing that can tone your muscles quite like a good workout. Setting up a workout routine and combining it with a healthy diet and plenty of sleep is the best way for you to look your best. But, if you want to get an extra edge, toning gel may be able to help you out.. How Toning Gel Works. Basically, toning gel is advertised as a product that can help you get firmer skin and better looking toned muscles on all parts of your body. It works as a gel that you run into the muscles of your body. They even have special toning gels that you can put under your eyes and on your face to help the skin on your face become firmer.. In addition to just making your skin firmer, toning gels also promise to make your ...
Crinone 8 % Gel is obtained from plant sources and has a similar action to the female hormone, progesterone. It is used to correct menstrual disorders caused due to a deficiency of this hormone in the body. It is also used as a component in hormone replacement therapy and for maintenance of early pregnancy under specific circumstances. Buy Crinone 8 % Gel Online. Know uses, side effects, dosage, contraindications, substitutes, benefit, interactions, purpose, drug interactions, precautions, warnings etc. Download Practo app & get your medicines home delivered.
Question - Child discharging gel-like fluid from vagina. What is it?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Vaginal discharge, Ask a Pediatrician
Agar Bacteriological (Agar No. 1, Oxoid) is a clear purified high gel strength bacteriological agar compatible with all culture media. This agar has low calcium and magnesium levels and has very high working gel strength (1.5% w/v).. Agar Bacteriological, Oxoid is compatible with all culture media. It can be formulated to either broth or agar of the same medium with very similar metal values. This characteristic is especially valuable in antimicrobial MIC studies where differences in mineral/metal content can profoundly influence the results. Due to the low mineral/metal content in Agar Bacteriological, Oxoid, it allows free diffusion of antimicrobial substances. As a result, it is a highly satisfactory agar for antimicrobial diffusion studies (disc diffusion susceptibility tests).. ...
Currently Being Edited by Joseph== ==Introduction== Microgels are particles consisting of a cross-linked polymer network swollen with solvent. Most colloids consist of incompressible solids suspended in solution, whereas microgels can be compressed and deformed. The degree of microgel deformation is governed by the cross-link density of the polymer network. Due to their compressibility, microgels can achieve much higher packing densities (jammed packing) compared to the hard spheres inherent to many typical colloidal solutions. When microgel particles become jammed, they are unable to rearrange in response to an applied stress, giving rise to an effective glass transition. However, it has been noted that thermally induced particle rearrangement can occur in these systems. It is difficult to describe the nature of these interactions because particle properties are not easily isolated from interparticle interactions. In an effort to elucidate the thermal effects on elasticity of microgels, the ...
Currently Being Edited by Joseph== ==Introduction== Microgels are particles consisting of a cross-linked polymer network swollen with solvent. Most colloids consist of incompressible solids suspended in solution, whereas microgels can be compressed and deformed. The degree of microgel deformation is governed by the cross-link density of the polymer network. Due to their compressibility, microgels can achieve much higher packing densities (jammed packing) compared to the hard spheres inherent to many typical colloidal solutions. When microgel particles become jammed, they are unable to rearrange in response to an applied stress, giving rise to an effective glass transition. However, it has been noted that thermally induced particle rearrangement can occur in these systems. It is difficult to describe the nature of these interactions because particle properties are not easily isolated from interparticle interactions. In an effort to elucidate the thermal effects on elasticity of microgels, the ...
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I wanted to give other readers necessary information about Crinone that is not listed. I recently did IVF in June and am now 7 weeks pregnant. I have been taking crinone 8% now for the last 4 weeks t...
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Low temperature gelling[edit]. When biodiesel is cooled below a certain point, some of the molecules aggregate and form ... For example, biodiesel produced from low erucic acid varieties of canola seed (RME) starts to gel at approximately −10 °C (14 ° ... The temperature at which pure (B100) biodiesel starts to gel varies significantly and depends upon the mix of esters and ... Water freezes to form ice crystals that provide sites for nucleation, accelerating gelling of the fuel. ...
Sol-gel technique[edit]. Dip coating of inorganic sols (or so-called sol-gel synthesis) is a way of creating thin inorganic or ... which undergoes poly-condensation to gradually obtain a gel. This gel is a bi-phasic system containing both a liquid phase ( ... In sol-gel synthesis the speed of deposition is an important parameter that affects, for example, layer thickness, density and ... The sol-gel technique is a deposition method that is widely used in material science to create protective coatings, optical ...
Some thickening agents are gelling agents, forming a gel. The agents are materials used to thicken and stabilize liquid ... the rheological factors that bias the structure toward linear or branched structures are the most critical issues of sol-gel ...
Gel[edit]. Gels are thicker than liquids. Gels are often a semisolid emulsion and sometimes use alcohol as a solvent for the ... In applying gel one should avoid fissures in the skin, due to the stinging effect of the alcohol base. Gel enjoys a high rate ... Gel tends to be cellulose cut with alcohol or acetone. Gels tend to be self-drying, tend to have greatly variable ingredients ... Some medications are applied as an ointment or gel, and reach the mucous membrane via vaporization. Examples are nasal topical ...
Strips and gels[edit]. The plastic whitening strips contain a thin layer of peroxide gel and are shaped to fit the buccal/ ... Whitening gels are applied onto the tooth surface with a small brush.[1] The gels contain peroxide and are recommended to be ... Betel chewing.[12] Betel chewing produces blood-red saliva that stains the teeth red-brown to nearly black.[13] The extract gel ... The Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety of the EU consider gels containing higher fixations can be dangerous.[citation ...
Acetate or gel electrophoresis[edit]. Proteins are separated by both electrical forces and electroendoosmostic forces. The net ... Proteins are applied to a solid matrix such as an agarose gel, or a cellulose acetate membrane in a liquid buffer, and electric ... Of note, any protein migrating in the gamma region will be stained and appear on the gel, which may include protein ... to a buffered agarose gel matrix, or into liquid in a capillary tube, and exposed to an electric current to separate the serum ...
Polyacrylamide gels are composed of a stacking gel and separating gel. Stacking gels have a higher porosity relative to the ... EtBr is used by simply adding it to the gel mixture. Once the gel has run, the gel may be viewed through the use of a photo- ... Preparing acrylamide gels[edit]. The gels typically consist of acrylamide, bisacrylamide, the optional denaturant (SDS or urea ... Gels are usually polymerized between two glass plates in a gel caster, with a comb inserted at the top to create the sample ...
Picato Gel label *^ Lebwohl, M; Swanson, N; Anderson, LL; Melgaard, A; Xu, Z; Berman, B (15 March 2012). "Ingenol mebutate gel ... Diclofenac sodium gel[edit]. Topical diclofenac sodium gel is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is thought to work in ... gel was found to completely clear 57% of AK, while the 0.05% gel had a 34% clearance rate.[49] Advantages of ingenol mebutate ... gel is recommended for the scalp and face, while a 2-day treatment course with the 0.05% gel is recommended for the trunk and ...
Two percent agarose gel in borate buffer cast in a gel tray. ... In agarose gel electrophoresis, DNA and RNA can be separated on ... Proteins can be separated on the basis of size by using an SDS-PAGE gel, or on the basis of size and their electric charge by ... Gel electrophoresis is one of the principal tools of molecular biology. The basic principle is that DNA, RNA, and proteins can ... It is essentially a combination of denaturing RNA gel electrophoresis, and a blot. In this process RNA is separated based on ...
Silica gel is a chemically inert, nontoxic, polar and dimensionally stable (, 400 °C or 750 °F) amorphous form of SiO2. It is ... The adsorption chamber of the chiller is filled with a solid material (for example zeolite, silica gel, alumina, active carbon ... Oxygen-containing compounds - Are typically hydrophilic and polar, including materials such as silica gel and zeolites. ... Silica gel adsorber for NO2, Fixed Nitrogen Research Laboratory, ca.1930s ...
Condensation and the sol-gel process[edit]. Silanols condense to give disiloxanes: 2 R3SiOH → R3Si-O-SiR3 + H2O. The ... The sol-gel process, which entails the conversion of, for example, Si(OEt)4 into hydrated SiO2, proceeds via silanol ... Their presence is responsible for the absorption properties of silica gel.[6] In chromatography, derivitization of accessible ... Tert-butoxysilanols as model compounds for labile key intermediates of the sol-gel process: crystal and molecular structures of ...
Gelled electrolytes[edit]. Main article: VRLA battery § Gel battery. During the 1970s, researchers developed the sealed version ... The only downside to the gel design is that the gel prevents rapid motion of the ions in the electrolyte, which reduces carrier ... or gel battery, which mixes a silica gelling agent into the electrolyte (silica gel- based lead-acid batteries used in portable ... Gel-cells and absorbed glass-mat batteries are common in these roles, collectively known as VRLA (valve-regulated lead-acid) ...
Gel[edit]. Gel polish is a long-lasting variety of nail polish made up of a type of methacrylate polymer. It is painted on the ... Gel polish can be more difficult to remove than regular nail polish. It is usually gently pushed off (often with a wooden stick ... This can be harsh on skin and nails.[19] Acetone can also remove artificial nails made of acrylic or cured gel. ... While regular nail polish formulas typically last two to seven days without chipping, gel polish can last as long as two weeks ...
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Soft-gel capsules with CoQ10 in oil suspension[edit]. A successful approach was to use the emulsion system to facilitate ...
"GEL Motorsport. April 1994. Retrieved 5 October 2014.. *^ a b "1994: Irvine, Eddie". Archived from the original ...
Silicone gel Long chain silicone polymer Visco-elastic Biomedical ~1.2 Similar to gelatin Biomedical testing for blunt force ... Animal protein gel Visco-elastic Ballistic ~1 (90% water) Softer than baseline Good simulant for human tissue, hard to use, ... Animal protein gel Visco-elastic Ballistic ~1 (80% water) Baseline Good simulant for skeletal muscle. Provides dynamic view of ...
In radiation therapy, three-dimensional dose distributions may be evaluated using the dosimetry technique known as gel ... "Polymer gel dosimetry". Physics in Medicine and Biology. 55 (5): R1. Bibcode:2010PMB....55R...1B. doi:10.1088/0031-9155/55/5/ ...
Advil liqui-gels. A softgel is an oral dosage form for medicine similar to capsules. They consist of a gelatin based shell ...
J: Article containing both an explosive substance and flammable liquid or gel (1.1J, 1.2J, 1.3J). This excludes liquids or gels ... gel or hypergolic liquid) or without a propelling charge (1.1F, 1.2F, 1.3F, 1.4F). ... phosphide or flammable liquid or gel or hypergolic liquid) (1.1G, 1.2G, 1.3G, 1.4G). Examples include Flares, signals, ... Examples include liquid or gel filled incendiary ammunition, fuel-air explosive (FAE) devices, and flammable liquid fueled ...
2D gel analysis software. A. *Abalone (molecular mechanics). *List of alignment visualization software ...
Brinker, C.J.; Scherer, G.W. (1990). Sol-Gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing. Academic Press. ISBN 0- ... Thus, reinforcing fibres and filaments are mainly made by polymer, sol-gel, or CVD processes, but melt processing also has ... Klein, L. (1994). Sol-Gel Optics: Processing and Applications. Springer Verlag. ISBN 0-7923-9424-0. Rahaman, M.N., Ceramic ... hydrothermal or sol-gel synthesis. The special character of ceramic materials gives rise to many applications in materials ...
Aloe vera leaf gel. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Tea tree oil. Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil ...
"GEL Motorsport Information Page. Retrieved 24 April 2013.. *^ "Nakuru - City of Kenya". Sphere Info. Sphere Info. Retrieved 19 ...
... is available as a 2.5% hydroalcoholic gel given in doses of 5 or 10 g/day (brand name Andractim).[19] ... Lunenfeld B, Oettel M (2009). "Therapeutic potential of testosterone gels". Aging Health. 5 (2): 227-245. doi:10.2217/ahe.09.6 ... Transdermal (gel), in the cheek, under the tongue, intramuscular injection (as esters). ... Doses of topical androstanolone gel of 16, 32, and 64 mg have been found to produce total testosterone and DHT levels in the ...
GEL Gilbert and Ellice Islands. *HVO Upper Volta. *JTN Johnston Island. *MID Midway Islands ...
Naunton M, Al Hadithy AF, Brouwers JR, Archer DF (2006). "Estradiol gel: review of the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy ...
Wichterle O, Lim D (1960). "Hydrophilic gels for biological use". Nature. 185 (4706): 117-118. Bibcode:1960Natur.185..117W. doi ... "Hydrophilic gels for biological use" in the journal Nature in 1959.[21] In 1965, National Patent Development Corporation (NPDC ...
Gel packets. 0.1% (0.25, 0.5, or 1.0 g gel or 2.5, 5, or 10 mg E2 per packet). DiviGel, Sandrena ... Gel dispensers. 0.06% (0.87 or 1.25 g gel or 0.52 or 0.75 mg E2 per activation). Elestrin, EstroGel ...
Soft-gel kapsler med CoQ10 i olie[redigér , redigér wikikode]. Emulsion er en bedre metode til at øge biotilgængeligheden, da ... Emulsioner med CoQ10 i sojaolie bliver stabiliseret meget effektivt med lecitin og bruges i fremstillingen af soft gel kapsler ... I dette tilfælde valgte forskerne også at benytte en olieopløsning af CoQ10 i soft-gel kapsler (Bio-Qinon Q10), idet der forsat ...
Shop Foaming Gels and find the best fit for your beauty routine. Free shipping and samples available ... Products related to Foaming Gels. luxury shower gels. "Its luxurious and never fails to be appreciated." ... I used the clear gel which goes on nicely and tames my brows, but theres a bit too much gel that comes off in one sweep and my ... Sephora for sending me this special gel cleanser,I like that it starts as a gel and it turns to a foamand a little goes a long ...
Shop Pink Gels and find the best fit for your beauty routine. Free shipping and samples available ... Sephora customers often prefer the following products when searching for Pink Gels. Browse the top-ranked list of Pink Gels ... Formulation: Gel. Highlighted Ingredients:. - 6% AHA/BHA. - Resetting Probiotic Complex. - Hibiscus Extract. What Else You Need ... Formulation: Gel. Highlighted Ingredients:. - Saw Palmetto: Helps control oil, reduce shine, and prevent breakouts. What Else ...
Polyacrylamide gels are composed of a stacking gel and separating gel. Stacking gels have a higher porosity relative to the ... EtBr is used by simply adding it to the gel mixture. Once the gel has run, the gel may be viewed through the use of a photo- ... Preparing acrylamide gels[edit]. The gels typically consist of acrylamide, bisacrylamide, the optional denaturant (SDS or urea ... Gels are usually polymerized between two glass plates in a gel caster, with a comb inserted at the top to create the sample ...
The main products affected are Bonjela and Bonjela Cool Mint Gel, but Bonjela Teething Gel is not affected. ... She said: Any risk from these oral gel products is theoretical. We are not aware of any confirmed cases, but when there are ... Bonjela Teething Gel for young children contains a different formula and is unaffected. ... The MHRA has received reports of three children being hospitalised after using oral gels containing choline salicylate. ...
Proteins in the gel are fixed by acetic acid and simultaneously stained. The excess dye incorporated into the gel can be ... Native gels, also known as non-denaturing gels, analyze proteins that are still in their folded state. Thus, the ... This occurs in a region of the gel that has larger pores so that the gel matrix does not retard the migration during the ... Separation of the proteins by size is achieved in the lower, "resolving" region of the gel. The resolving gel typically has a ...
But how much do we really understand about gels? A multi day meeting on Arrested Gels will be taking place this March in ... Gels are important in everyday life, they impart the stability and application properties to many common items including ... Collapse of transient gels in colloid-polymer mixtures. Related Links. *Arrested Gels: Dynamics, Structure and Applications, 23 ... The first step to understanding gels is knowing what they are; a gel is commonly a colloidal scale connected, cross-linked ...
A nutriceutical food product includes a solid polymeric matrix and a liquid combined into a gel. The nutriceutical food product ... The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel comprises a gelling agent. 15. The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel ... 2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel comprises xanthan and guar gum. 3. The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel ... In an exemplary embodiment of a gel-based nutriceutical food product, the gel comprises a solid polymeric matrix throughout ...
... contains the active ingredients salicylic acid and lactic acid. These are medicines called keratolytics. They work ... Allow the gel to dry over the surface.. *Take care to avoid getting the gel on healthy areas of skin as this can cause pain and ... Do not inhale the vapour produced by Cuplex gel.. *Cuplex gel is for external use on the affected areas of skin only. It must ... Cuplex gel. Cuplex gel contains the active ingredients salicylic acid and lactic acid. These are medicines called keratolytics ...
... as well as the numerous advantages that polymer gel-based materials offer. It presents a comprehensive collection of chap ... This book exclusively focuses on the science and fundamentals of polymer gels, ... Gels for drug delivery polymer gels classification polymer gels fundamentals crosslinking in polymer gels tailor-made structure ... Key topics addressed include: polysaccharide-based gels and their fundamentals; stimuli-responsive polymer gels; polymer gels ...
The gel molecule is composed of a tetra-alkane benzene-1,2,4,5-tetracarboxamide. The gel structure is made up of millions of ... There is huge range of potential applications for these gels. Aside from the artificial muscles, we could also use these gels ... There are also applications for computer and television screens, where we use gels for LCDs. These gels could lower the ... New types of gels based on pyromellitamide molecules are currently[when?] being developed which will enable doctors to repair ...
Learn more about our range of Intimate Gels and Creams ... Get quality Intimate Gels and Creams at Tesco. Shop in store or ... Add Vagisil External Prohydrate Hydrating Gel 30G. Addadd Vagisil External Prohydrate Hydrating Gel 30G to basket. ...
Easily cast up to four large format gradient gels for the PROTEAN II XL cel... ... Casting Gradient Gels with the PROTEAN® Plus Multi-Casting Chamber - Duration: 6:47. Bio-Rad Laboratories 9,315 views ... Casting Polyacrylamide Gels with TGX™ FastCast™ Kits - Duration: 3:28. Bio-Rad Laboratories 15,953 views ... Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Sequencing, PCR, Excerpt 1 , MIT 7.01SC Fundamentals of Biology - Duration: 17:47. MIT ...
ODriscoll, K. F., Izu, M., and Korns, R., 1972, Gel-entrapment of enzymes, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 14:847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Richards, E. G., and Temple, C. J., 1971, Some properties of polyacrylamide gels, Nature Phys. Sci. 230:92.Google Scholar ... 1977) Gel-Entrapment of Enzymes. In: Chang T.M.S. (eds) Biomedical Applications of Immobilized Enzymes and Proteins. Springer, ... Paus, P. N., 1971, Solubilization of polyacrylamide gels for liquid scintillation counting, Anal. Biochem. 42:372.CrossRef ...
Gel wax is a great starting point for your candle crafting! Heat it, add color and scent, and pour into your container to ... Rated 5 out of 5 by Diamondz from Gel Wax Bought this gel wax at Michaels because I needed to make some gel candles by the end ... ArtMinds™ Gel Wax™ is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 7. Rated 5 out of 5 by Sdpierpont from This product is easy to work with This ... Rated 5 out of 5 by gtst from This gel wax is great for making candles. i use this wax to make scented candles. it holds the ...
While nobody at the company told me to try them for , protein gels, it was not clear from any of their literature that this ... Any* water left in the gel will absord the beta , emission from the tritium --, no image! The screens were designed for TLC , ... Tritium screens / protein gels. Berthe M. Willumsen bmw at Mon Oct 10 03:09:47 EST 1994 *Previous message: ... Tritium screens when trying to get an image of a tritium-labeled protein gel. , Well, it turns out that the comapany do not ...
Turn to us when you are looking to build experimental light-sport aircraft in Houston, TX. We provide you with the instructions, materials, and assistance you need.
We prerun our gels for 10 minutes, then load, and no smiles since (at least on the gels) . :) Lynne Mullen UCLA Macula Center * ... Anyone have any ideas on how to prevent gels from smileling? In , particular Im talking about Urea/acrylamide gels, the kind ... What makes gels smile?. mullenlynne at mullenlynne at Sat Dec 7 17:26:37 EST 1996 *Previous ... What makes gels smile? , Date: Fri, 06 Dec 1996 16:55:58 -0900 , Organization: U of O , Lines: 15 , Message-ID: ,32A8CEAE.68E ...
OCF Color Gel Starter Kit. A kit with a Grid and Gel Holder and 10 popular gels ... OCF Color Effects Gel Pack. A gel wallet including 20 gels for color effects ... OCF Color Correction Gel Pack. A gel wallet including 20 color correction gels ... All For Profoto A1 Softboxes Umbrellas Beauty Dishes Reflectors Grids Gels Collapsible Reflectors Barndoors Snoots Special ...
It is still malleable and adaptable like existing gels, but it has a more ordered structure, which can open up a new range of ... Researchers from the University of Tokyos Institute for Solid State Physics have found a way to produce a new kind of gel ... Gel-like materials have a wide range of applications, especially in chemistry and medicine. However, their usefulness is ... But in the world of scientific research, gels have a more specific definition. Strictly speaking, gels are three-dimensional ...
Arrows point at some of the hollow spots (i.e. completely transparent zones on the gels), typical of this stain ... Silver staining of proteins in polyacrylamide gels.. Chevallet M1, Luche S, Rabilloud T. ... Silver staining is used to detect proteins after electrophoretic separation on polyacrylamide gels. It combines excellent ...
Depending on the substrate, filtration is achieved through a packed bed of 1-2 nm hydrate gel globules, partly by mechanical ... The findings demonstrate the potential for wide applicability of hydrate gels in high-flux and low-cost water purification ... After adding 50 mL of water, the water-gel mixture was left for 10 min to allow complete gel settling, resulting in 1-5 mm gel ... The different gel samples prepared from saturated solutions included: (1) fresh hydrate gel, (2) 1 x autoclaved gel (121 °C, ...
Cyanocobalamin Nasal Gel: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... You may need to use cyanocobalamin nasal gel every week for the rest of your life. Continue to use cyanocobalamin nasal gel ... Do not stop using cyanocobalamin nasal gel without talking to your doctor. If you stop using cyanocobalamin nasal gel, your ... Before using cyanocobalamin nasal gel ,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to cyanocobalamin nasal gel, ...
L-Gel is a coating that was developed at Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory (LLNL) in Berkeley, California [1]. The ... L-Gel Decontamination Reagent. █ BRIAN HOYLE. L-Gel is a coating that was developed at Lawrence Liver-more National Laboratory ... L-Gel Decontamination Reagent. L-Gel is a coating that was developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in ... The oxidant is incorporated into a gel. The thick gel is able to cling to surfaces better than water, and remains where it has ...
Envogue is Provide Gel Safety For Nail Extensions in India. Envogue nail extension is always popular brand in girls Life ... Envogue is Provide Gel Safety For Nail Extensions in India. Envogue nail extension is always popular brand in girls Life ... Envogue is Provide Gel Safety For Nail Extensions in India. Envogue nail extension is always popular brand ... ...
A gel may be notably elastic and jellylike (as gelatin or fruit jelly), or quite solid and rigid (as silica ... Gel, coherent mass consisting of a liquid in which particles too small to be seen in an ordinary optical microscope are either ... A gel may be notably elastic and jellylike (as gelatin or fruit jelly), or quite solid and rigid (as silica gel, a material ... The gel state is reversible to a sol state at higher temperatures, and the sol can be changed back to a gel by cooling. Both ...
Gelling definition, Physical Chemistry. a semirigid colloidal dispersion of a solid with a liquid or gas, as jelly, glue, etc. ... verb gels, gelling, gelled 4. to become or cause to become a gel ... gelling in Medicine Expand. gel (jěl). n. A colloid in which ... gel. verb. * To come to a firm and useful form; work: In this highly partisan county, it just didnt gel/ If this doesnt gel, ... verb (used without object), gelled, gelling. 4. to form or become a gel. ...
FDAs Bacteriological Analytical Manual (the BAM) is the agencys preferred laboratory procedures for the detection in food and cosmetic products of pathogens (bacterial, viral, parasitic, plus yeast and mold) and of microbial toxins. The complete BAM is now available online and will be updated as needed.
Testosterone Nasal Gel: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Before you use testosterone nasal gel for the first time, read the written directions that come with it. To use the nasal gel, ... Store testosterone nasal gel in a safe place so that no one else can use it accidentally or on purpose. Keep track of how much ... Use testosterone nasal gel exactly as directed. Do not apply more or less of it or apply it more often than prescribed by your ...
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FDA Panel Opposes Silicone Gel Implants. By Marc Kaufman. Washington Post Staff Writer. Wednesday, April 13, 2005; Page A07 A ... Most are the less popular saline-filled implants, which many women believe do not look or feel as good as silicone gel models. ... Many plastic surgeons and their patients were among the more than 150 people who testified for and against the silicone gel ... Inameds Patricia Walker testified that data show the safety of the silicone gel breast implants. (Kevin Wolf -- AP) ...
  • This book exclusively focuses on the science and fundamentals of polymer gels, as well as the numerous advantages that polymer gel-based materials offer. (
  • However, Research Associate Xiang Li and colleagues have found a novel way to maintain a high level of order while fabricating polymer gels. (
  • We want to encourage others to build on our work here and find other ways to synthesize new polymer gels based on what we have started. (
  • Polymer Gels Video No. 1 - Polymer gels crystallization is observed under polarized light illumination at a magnification of 10x in this video. (
  • Polymer Gels Video No. 6 - Polymer gels crystallization is observed under polarized light illumination at a magnification of 20x in this video. (
  • A gel may be notably elastic and jellylike (as gelatin or fruit jelly), or quite solid and rigid (as silica gel , a material that looks like coarse white sand and is used as a dehumidifier). (
  • Silica gel: What happens if I eat it? (
  • What Happens If I Eat Silica Gel? (
  • If there's one thing most people know about silica gel, the unseen substance that inhabits those little white packets inserted in new shoe boxes, purses, and Asian snack foods, it's that you're not supposed to eat it. (
  • Silica gel is a form of the naturally occurring mineral silicon dioxide, better known in its granular form as sand or in crystals as quartz. (
  • At least one manufacturer even markets a modified form of silica gel as a dietary supplement, complete with " new citrus taste . (
  • But like any other substance, silica gel could conceivably cause problems if eaten in large quantities, especially by small children or adults with neuromuscular problems that make it hard to swallow. (
  • A couple of last caveats: While silica gel is the most common desiccant approved for use in food products, other, less benign substances are occasionally used in other types of consumer products. (
  • Also, a few varieties of silica gel come coated with cobalt chloride, which is considered toxic. (
  • Gently heating silica gel will drive off the adsorbed moisture and leave it ready for reuse. (
  • Silica gel products are being used to ease the pain of arthritis. (
  • Silica gel is rubbed on the arthritic area of the body in a thin layer. (
  • Each brand of silica gel may contain a different strength of the component. (
  • Also consider that silica gel is more effective for arthritis if it isn't used right before or after a meal. (
  • Liqui-Gels. (
  • The risk can happen within the first weeks of using this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) and may be greater with higher doses or long-term use. (
  • Do not use this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) right before or after bypass heart surgery. (
  • What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Advil Liqui-Gels? (
  • Do not take this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) if you are in the third trimester of pregnancy. (
  • You may also need to avoid this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) at other times during pregnancy. (
  • Talk with your doctor to see when you need to avoid taking this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) during pregnancy. (
  • This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels). (
  • You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) with all of your drugs and health problems. (
  • What are some things I need to know or do while I take Advil Liqui-Gels? (
  • Tell all of your health care providers that you take this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels). (
  • Have your blood work checked if you are on this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) for a long time. (
  • You may be more sensitive to this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels). (
  • Do not take this medicine (Advil Liqui-Gels) for longer than you were told by your doctor. (
  • Silver staining of proteins in polyacrylamide gels. (
  • Silver staining is used to detect proteins after electrophoretic separation on polyacrylamide gels. (
  • Although no side effects have been reported, concerns over the general side effects of L-Arginine require precaution when applying topical creams and gels. (
  • A clear brow gel that shapes and tames brows and locks on makeup so your eyebrows don't pull a disappearing act. (
  • This clear brow gel helps groom and tame your eyebrows. (
  • My absolute favorite brow gel-and the only beauty product I genuinely hoard in handfuls-is Anastasia Clear Brow Gel . (
  • Research is underway to produce L-Gel capsules that could be blown into ventilation ducts, where clean up of chemical and biological agents is especially difficult. (
  • Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ( PAGE ) is a technique widely used in biochemistry , forensic chemistry , genetics , molecular biology and biotechnology to separate biological macromolecules , usually proteins or nucleic acids , according to their electrophoretic mobility . (
  • Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is a powerful tool used to analyze RNA samples. (
  • When polyacrylamide gel is denatured after electrophoresis, it provides information on the sample composition of the RNA species. (
  • As with all forms of gel electrophoresis , molecules may be run in their native state , preserving the molecules' higher-order structure. (
  • Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) is a method of separating molecules based on the difference of their molecular weight. (
  • At the pH at which gel electrophoresis is carried out the SDS molecules are negatively charged and bind to proteins in a set ratio, approximately one molecule of SDS for every 2 amino acids. (
  • The electrophoresis may be performed with a small volume of sample in a number of alternative ways with or without a supporting medium: SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (in short: gel electrophoresis, PAGE, or SDS-electrophoresis), free-flow electrophoresis, electrofocusing, isotachophoresis, affinity electrophoresis, immunoelectrophoresis, counterelectrophoresis, and capillary electrophoresis. (
  • Gel electrophoresis is often performed in combination with electroblotting immunoblotting to give additional information about a specific protein. (
  • SDS-PAGE, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, describes a collection of related techniques to separate proteins according to their electrophoretic mobility (a function of the length of a polypeptide chain and its charge) while in the denatured (unfolded) state. (
  • During electrophoresis in a discontinuous gel system, an ion gradient is formed in the early stage of electrophoresis that causes all of the proteins to focus into a single sharp band. (
  • What Does Gel Electrophoresis Involve? (
  • Gel electrophoresis is a widely used technique in life science laboratories to separate macromolecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins. (
  • Gel electrophoresis is usually performed in labs to analyze DNA, RNA, or protein samples from various sources. (
  • The gel electrophoresis technique exploits the difference in size and charge of different molecules in a sample. (
  • The gel used in gel electrophoresis is usually made of a material called agarose, which is a gelatinous substance extracted from seaweed. (
  • The gel is submerged in a salt buffer solution in an electrophoresis chamber. (
  • Ethidium bromide is a fluorescent dye commonly used in gel electrophoresis. (
  • Gel electrophoresis is widely used in the molecular biology and biochemistry labs in areas such as forensic science, conservational biology, and medicine. (
  • Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) is a laboratory technique used by scientists to produce a DNA fingerprint for a bacterial isolate. (
  • Cuplex gel contains the active ingredients salicylic acid and lactic acid. (
  • Kolanticon gel is a suspension that contains four active ingredients, dicycloverine hydrochloride, aluminium hydroxide, light magnesium oxide and simeticone. (
  • Gluten-free noodles are often made with some sort of gelling agent like xanthan gum to bind the ingredients together. (
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to testosterone, any other medications, or any of the ingredients in testosterone nasal gel. (
  • Beyond ingredients in the gel polish itself is the gel polish remover. (
  • Next up, bring your own gel nail polish, one that is not made with the toxic ingredients listed above. (
  • From the use of natural ingredients to instantaneous effect, this gel promises to deliver various benefits the most natural way possible. (
  • ProSolution gel combines various known ingredients and aphrodisiacs to create a natural formula that results in increased blood flow to the penis. (
  • One of the reasons that put ProSolution gel among the best penis enlargement cream products is its safety and use of natural ingredients. (
  • Boasting a powerhouse of highly-advanced plant and marine-based actives, plus a state-of-the-art, transdermal delivery system, the convenient gel patches stay put, allowing ingredients to penetrate deep into the skin. (
  • Certain chemical ingredients in some gel might produce intense allergies on your body. (
  • GEL products that contain palm oil derivatives, have been certified in accordance with the standard of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and are produced according to European Federation for Cosmetic Ingredients GMP standards. (
  • A nutriceutical food product includes a solid polymeric matrix and a liquid combined into a gel. (
  • Deals with organic polymeric gels, focusing on experimental methods which have only recently been introduced to study both reversible and irreversible gels. (
  • It introduce the reader with to theory and practice of physics as applied to the study of characteristics of polymeric gels and offers several clearly described basic approaches to experimental investigations into gel properties. (
  • An outstanding resource on experimental advances and modern interpretations of polymeric gel properties written by prominent experts in the field. (
  • Laboratory tests indicate that repeated use of acidulated phosphate fluoride topical gel may cause dulling of porcelain and ceramic restorations unless protected from contact. (
  • [5] By comparing the relative ratio of the distance traveled by each protein to the length of the gel (Rf) one can make conclusions about the relative molecular weight of the proteins, where the length of the gel is determined by the distance traveled by a small molecule like a tracking dye. (
  • Native gels, also known as non-denaturing gels, analyze proteins that are still in their folded state. (
  • CN-PAGE (commonly referred to as Native PAGE) separates acidic water-soluble and membrane proteins in a polyacrylamide gradient gel. (
  • Their L-Gel formulation incorporates a chemical compound called potassium peroxymonosulfate into a material called silica. (
  • Metronidazole Gel, 1% is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to metronidazole or to any other ingredient in the formulation. (
  • Lightweight polymer gel formulation provides high degree of shocks and impacts absorptionDelivery Time 20-25 days upon confirmation of purchasing order and advance payment, whichever is late. (
  • Sephora customers often prefer the following products when searching for Foaming Gels. (
  • Sephora customers often prefer the following products when searching for Pink Gels. (
  • The main products affected are Bonjela and Bonjela Cool Mint Gel, but Bonjela Teething Gel is not affected. (
  • She said: 'Any risk from these oral gel products is theoretical. (
  • Gels are important in everyday life, they impart the stability and application properties to many common items including cosmetics, liquid detergents, coatings, numerous food products and many household products to name but a few. (
  • This is an essential property of their microstructure that allows gels to spread over a surface whether applied for example by brush or spray as in a coating or by hand in various personal care products. (
  • Energy gels are glucose products designed for endurance athletes. (
  • The brand Tata Harper is known for its natural, organic and non-toxic skincare products and its Soothing Muscle Gel is no different. (
  • The compact energy gel does the job of several products, as it serves as an energy drink, a pre-workout shake and a protein shake all in one. (
  • , the nation's leading e-commerce specialty retailer providing scientifically sound solutions for healing and maintaining healthy skin, has added skyn ICELAND Hydro Cool Firming Face Gels to its assortment of premium products. (
  • Cleansing Gel is part of Botanical Effects ® Skin Care, giving you a choice of products that feel as good on your skin as they are for your skin. (
  • Compared to other products in the market, ProSolution gel is definitely one of the viable options that provide real value for money. (
  • Whitening gels are one of the most convenient teeth whitening products sold in almost every supermarket and pharmaceutical stores. (
  • wherein the pH of the topical gel composition is adjusted to 5.0 to 6.5 by an adequate amount of sodium hydroxide aqueous solution. (
  • Phos-Flur® Gel contains 0.5% fluoride ion (F-) from 1.1% sodium fluoride in an aqueous gel containing 0.1 molar phosphate, pH 5.1. (
  • A skin care composition in the form of a substantially oil-free aqueous gel comprising a water-soluble humectant, a hydrophilic gelling agent and a specific silicone component. (
  • Strictly speaking, gels are three-dimensional networks of polymers -- chains of molecules -- with microscopic pores between these chemical strands. (
  • The nature and arrangement of these polymers give gels different functions leading to common applications, such as chemical filtration or drug delivery. (
  • Efforts are under way in various States to develop and deploy new screening technology at airports capable of detecting hazardous substances within liquids, aerosols and gels (LAGs). (
  • But as of September 2016, the FDA advises against using any homeopathic teething gels, liquids or tablets whatsoever, saying they can pose a risk to infants and other children. (
  • With all of this said, I don't believe that using gels while training negatively impacted your marathon and I would recommend that you look at other issues related to hitting the wall. (
  • After the red blood cells have returned to normal, cyanocobalamin nasal gel can be used to stop anemia and other symptoms of lack of vitamin B 12 from coming back. (
  • Cyanocobalamin nasal gel is also used to supply extra vitamin B 12 to people who need unusually large amounts of this vitamin because they are pregnant or have certain diseases. (
  • Cyanocobalamin nasal gel is in a class of medications called vitamins. (
  • To help you remember to use cyanocobalamin nasal gel, use it on the same day of the week every week. (
  • Use cyanocobalamin nasal gel exactly as directed. (
  • Cyanocobalamin nasal gel will supply you with enough vitamin B 12 only as long as you use it regularly. (
  • You may need to use cyanocobalamin nasal gel every week for the rest of your life. (
  • Continue to use cyanocobalamin nasal gel even if you feel well. (
  • Do not stop using cyanocobalamin nasal gel without talking to your doctor. (
  • If you stop using cyanocobalamin nasal gel, your anemia may return and your nerves may be damaged. (
  • Hot foods and drinks may cause your nose to produce mucus that can wash away cyanocobalamin nasal gel. (
  • Do not eat or drink hot foods or drinks for 1 hour before you plan to use cyanocobalamin nasal gel or for 1 hour after you use this medication. (
  • Your doctor or pharmacist will show you how to use cyanocobalamin nasal gel. (
  • Testosterone nasal gel is used to treat symptoms of low testosterone in adult men who have hypogonadism (a condition in which the body does not produce enough natural testosterone). (
  • Testosterone nasal gel is used only for men with low testosterone levels caused by certain medical conditions, including disorders of the testicles, pituitary gland, (a small gland in the brain), or hypothalamus (a part of the brain) that cause hypogonadism. (
  • To help you remember to apply testosterone nasal gel, apply it at about the same times each day and space your doses about 6 to 8 hours apart. (
  • Before you use testosterone nasal gel for the first time, read the written directions that come with it. (
  • Do not sniff or blow your nose for 1 hour after you apply testosterone nasal gel. (
  • Your doctor will probably tell you that you should not use testosterone nasal gel. (
  • On the macroscopic scale the elastic gel network is able to trap air bubbles and even support its own weight. (
  • This book emphasizes the relationship between the microscopic structure of gels and their macroscopic behaviour. (
  • On application of electric charge, each molecule having different size and charge will move through the gel at different speeds. (
  • The speed at which each molecule travels through the gel is called its electrophoretic mobility and is determined mainly by its net charge and size. (
  • The gel molecule is composed of a tetra-alkane benzene-1,2,4,5-tetracarboxamide. (
  • The scientist loads the DNA gelatin plug into a gel, and places it in an electric -field that separates DNA fragments according to their size. (
  • While choking on candy and other foodstuffs is not uncommon, the gel nature means that these candies totally block the airway and the konnyaku gel is "ten times stronger" than gelatin. (
  • The figure shows an example of an agarose gel where each lane represents a DNA fingerprint or pattern. (
  • Polyacrylamide gel with small pores helps to examine smaller molecules better since the small molecules can enter the pores and travel through the gel while large molecules get trapped at the pole openings. (
  • The porous gel used in this technique acts as a molecular sieve that separates bigger molecules from the smaller ones. (
  • Smaller molecules move faster across the gel while the bulkier ones are left behind. (
  • Now, charged molecules present in the sample start migrating through the gel towards the electrodes. (
  • The dye can also be loaded into the gel well in advance to track the migration of the molecules as it happens. (
  • New types of gels based on pyromellitamide molecules are currently[when? (
  • Tylenol Regular Strength Liquid Gels temporarily reduce fever and relieve minor aches and pains due to headache, muscular aches, backache, toothache, minor arthritis pain, the common cold, and premenstrual and menstrual cramps. (
  • This slow burning translucent gel wax can be colored using liquid dyes and it shows off any embedded items. (
  • Gel , coherent mass consisting of a liquid in which particles too small to be seen in an ordinary optical microscope are either dispersed or arranged in a fine network throughout the mass. (
  • Gels are colloids (aggregates of fine particles, as described above, dispersed in a continuous medium) in which the liquid medium has become viscous enough to behave more or less as a solid. (
  • Contraction of a gel, causing separation of liquid from it, is called syneresis. (
  • Liquid gels. (
  • The gel structure is made up of millions of tiny fibres, which form a 3D mesh by trapping a liquid in the same way that a sponge absorbs water, to form a solid. (
  • The light triggered cells in the gel to produce a compound that stimulated the secretion of insulin and stabilised blood glucose levels. (
  • The gel will form a water-resistant clear brown elastic film over the affected area of skin. (
  • The burn relief gel contains lidocaine, posing a poisoning risk if swallowed. (
  • Though the FDA specifically warns against benzocaine-based and lidocaine-based teething gels as well as homeopathic teething gels, tablets and numbing agents, you should also never rub alcohol or rubbing alcohol into your baby's gums - ingesting even a small amount can make baby sick. (
  • Physical entrapment of an enzyme in a gel lattice is an immobilization method in which no modification of the amino acid residues is needed, and which offers the advantage of reaction conditions usually so mild that few significant changes in the enzyme structure occur. (
  • The invention relates to a toothpaste having a main body which is a transparent or translucent gel and secondary body of cleaning and polishing toothpaste contained within the main body in the form of a core or cores or stripe or stripes. (
  • The secondary body may contain materials, such as compounds of calcium or other polyvalent metals, which are normally incompatible with the transparent or translucent gel state of the main body. (
  • The present invention provides a portion of toothpaste comprising a main body of toothpaste which is a transparent or translucent gel and a secondary body of cleaning and polishing toothpaste contained within the main body. (
  • The secondary body may be completely contained within the gel to provide a core or cores surrounded by the main body of toothpaste or it may be in the form of a stripe or stripes only partly contained within the main body so that a portion of the surface of the stripe or stripes is exposed at the surface of the main or gel body of the toothpaste. (
  • It has been discovered that substances which are normally incompatible with the main body, in that they would strongly adversely affect or destroy the light transmitting gel state of the main body if admixed therewith even in small quantities, may be included in the secondary body even as a major component without significantly or observably affecting the stability of the light transmitting gel state of the main body. (
  • Improved topical gel compositions, such as those containing brimonidine, for the treatment of skin disorders are described. (
  • 2. The topical gel composition of claim 1 , comprising about 4.5% to 6.5% (w/w) of a first polyol. (
  • 3. The topical gel composition of claim 1 , further comprising 0.04 to 0.08% (w/w) of a water dispersible form of titanium dioxide. (
  • Dermalogica's Special Cleansing Gel is a soap-free, naturally-foaming cleanser that gently rinses away toxins and debris to leave skin feeling smooth and clean. (
  • A cleansing gel that gently exfoliates, decongests pores, removes makeup, and washes away bacteria with the power of hydroxy acids. (
  • Add the Invigorating Scrub morning or night after the Cleansing Gel two or three times a week. (
  • To collect the latest research and developments on these systems the RSC/SCI Joint Colloids Group is holding a three day meeting for academia and industry on Arrested Gels in Cambridge 23-25 March 2015. (
  • [3] It is useful to make polyacrylamide gel via acrylmide hydration because pore size can be regulated. (
  • The migration distance depends on the protein charge, its size and the pore size of the gel. (
  • Studies using newer techniques such as low-invasive rheology and confocal microscopy with fluorescent index matched colloidal gels are giving new insights to the properties and behaviour of gels by allowing direct observation of the 'building blocks' of the network structure and how these can reorganise over time or under applied stresses. (
  • Researchers from the University of Tokyo's Institute for Solid State Physics have found a way to produce a new kind of gel which overcomes this limitation. (
  • The fabrication process, based on a concept known as bond percolation, is very effective at producing ordered gel networks -- so much so that researchers feel it forces them to redefine what actually constitutes a gel. (
  • By implanting a transparent gel that contains genetically modified light-sensitive cells, researchers have demonstrated a new type of implant that could one day be used to treat disease and monitor toxins in people. (
  • Researchers in Boston have discovered a gel that could repair vocal cord damage and help people with hoarse voices to be heard again. (
  • Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) are leading the team that is developing the gel, which comes in the form of a sprayable solution. (
  • Once the separation is complete, the gel is stained with a dye to reveal the separation bands. (
  • The gel is soaked in a diluted ethidium bromide solution and then placed on a UV transilluminator to visualize the separation bands. (
  • A refining peel gel that gently cleanses skin and improves dullness with natural enzymes like papaya and bromelain. (
  • After soaking and drying the skin, gently squeeze the Cuplex tube to carefully apply one or two drops of Cuplex gel to the affected site. (
  • Gently apply Moisture Rescue Refreshing Gel-Cream every morning and night to face. (
  • This occurs in a region of the gel that has larger pores so that the gel matrix does not retard the migration during the focusing or "stacking" event. (
  • The gel compositions contain carbomer and methylparaben, and are substantially free of methylparaben crystalline particles after an extended period of storage. (
  • The compositions include a biocompatible polymer, a biocompatible solvent having low water miscibility that forms a viscous gel with the polymer and limits water uptake by the implant, and a beneficial agent. (
  • Read on for information on how to remove gel nails three ways: soaking, filing and peeling them off. (
  • Here is a video of the correct procedure to remove gel nails using the gentle filing method. (
  • Native-PAGE keeps the oligomeric form intact and will show a band on the gel that is representative of the level of activity. (
  • 1,2,3,4,5 Phos-Flur® Gel in a squeeze tube is a particularly convenient dosage form which permits the application of a thin ribbon of gel onto a toothbrush as well as a mouthpiece tray. (
  • For very soft gels, cells could not form stable focal adhesions, leading to differentiation. (
  • It is well established that 1.1% sodium fluoride in an acidulated gel is safe and extraordinarily effective as a caries preventive in orthodontic patients when applied frequently with mouthpiece applicators. (
  • Whitening gels are widely used because they're cheaper than any dental whitening procedure around, which could cost at least a thousand dollars. (
  • Garnier Nutritioniste Moisture Rescue Refreshing Gel-Cream locks-in moisture and blocks-out dryness using a formula with a unique combination of a pure antioxidant fruit water extract and skin conditioning vitamin E. It helps replenish skin's moisture reserves and fights off dryness. (
  • A Food and Drug Administration expert panel voted narrowly yesterday against allowing silicone gel breast implants back on the market for general use, saying the available scientific data are too scant to provide assurance that newer versions would be safe. (
  • Inamed's Patricia Walker testified that data show the safety of the silicone gel breast implants. (
  • Cohen said the company will continue developing silicone gel implants -- which are still available to women after mastectomies and to some in clinical trials -- and expects to be back before the agency in the future. (
  • Most are the less popular saline-filled implants, which many women believe do not look or feel as good as silicone gel models. (
  • Many plastic surgeons and their patients were among the more than 150 people who testified for and against the silicone gel implants over two days of hearings. (
  • Using another full year of data on rupture rates and studies of why the failures occur -- as well as data from abroad, where silicone gel implants are in wide use -- Inamed argued that the number of failures was low and that many were caused by errors by the surgeons who implanted them. (
  • Pacific Rim Technologies' 5G Silicone Gel Shield is a silicone "skin" case with openings for your iPod's screen, top controls, and dock-connector port. (
  • But what makes the Silicone Gel Shield unique is what you get for your money. (
  • Although Pacific Rim Technologies bundles a number of accessories in with the 5G Silicone Gel Shield, none of them excel. (
  • The folded protein complexes of interest separate cleanly and predictably due to the chemical and physical properties of the polyacrylamide gel. (
  • Chen and his colleagues are now preparing to convert it into a microbicide - a gel that is inserted into the vagina or rectum before sex to prevent transmission of HIV, which causes AIDS. (
  • India vagina gel: 'Why should you tighten anything? (
  • We demonstrated that it's actually quite easy to synthesize an extremely homogeneous gel network," said Li. (
  • furthermore you will have to synthesize different gels. (
  • excessive rubbing will cause stinging when you apply the gel. (
  • Do not apply the gel to normal healthy areas of skin, moles or birthmarks. (
  • Lastly, the ability of a Mine Rescue Team to quickly and safely apply the gel agent to a mine entry during a simulated mine fire exercise was determined. (
  • Gel nails are durable, painted-on nails that closely resemble real nails. (
  • Don't get too much jelly on your nails, since the acetone needs to be able to dissolve the gel. (
  • If the gel on your test nail is still firmly in place, replace the acetone-soaked cotton ball, wrap it up in foil, and let your nails sit for another 10 minutes before trying again, continuing until the adhesive is softened and the nails can be removed. (
  • You may have heard of gel nails and might not know much about them or perhaps you are thinking of getting gel nails and want to learn more. (
  • Gel nails are very time consuming, so keep this in mind if you plan to have this process done. (
  • This informative tutorial video shows how to do gel nails and how to apply gel nails to give yourself longer natural looking nails using just the gel process without any artificial plastic tips. (
  • If you are doing gel nails at home it is best to do four fingers on one hand first and finish them completely. (
  • You will need either a UV lamp or LED lamp to cure the gel nails or gel nail polishes you use. (
  • Part of the art of how to do gel nails is choosing which shape, size and length you would like your nails done. (
  • These long square nails have more than likely been created using artificial nail tips and have the gel nail system used to bind them in place stronger. (
  • These rounded or oval nails in the photo above are an example of how to do gel nails that can be done to look natural and give just a little extra length to your nails without the use of artificial tips. (
  • The longer you get your gel nails done the more intricate you make your gel nail polish designs. (
  • These chevron nails have been done using green and orange coloured gel polishes on natural nails. (
  • If your nail technician is prying and pulling off your gel nails, they are trying to cut your manicure time short. (
  • Envogue is Provide Gel Safety For Nail Extensions in India. (
  • Acetone is a chemical that reacts with the gel nail to loosen its adhesive and free it from your natural nail. (
  • Acetone is a common ingredient in nail polish remover, but in order to remove gels, you need a concentrated amount of pure acetone. (
  • This will allow you to clearly see how much more gel there is to go before you hit natural nail. (
  • Does Gel Nail Polish Put Your Health at Risk? (
  • Thanks to the rise of intricate nail art , gel nail polish has become yet another way to accessorize, express your style, and bump up those "likes" on Instagram. (
  • Created to be chip-free and to last for weeks on end, gel nail polish uses heavy duty chemical-engineering to ensure a long-lasting finish. (
  • To give you an idea of how powerful gel nail polish is, it's made with an ingredient similar to that used in dental bonding. (
  • Among the potential problems of the chemicals found in gel nail polish is the UV light itself. (
  • You will need GELOUS Advanced Nail Gel Coat from Sally Beauty Supply, ANY nail polish color of your choice, and ANY clear top coat of your choice. (
  • Speed up your gel manicure and get the same lasting results with the Salon InstaGel Strips™, a breakthrough, easy-to-use innovation exclusive to Sally Hansen featuring UV-cured real nail polish appliques. (
  • I can count on Hydro Cool Face Gels for instant relief from worry lines and they even help prevent new ones. (
  • Inside the box is a blue and white tube labeled "Burn Relief Gel" and measuring approximately 5 inches long by 1 inch wide and weighs about 0.7 ounces (20 grams). (
  • Consumers should immediately stop using the recalled burn relief gel and take the gel to the store where purchased for a full refund. (
  • When you hear the word "gel," you probably conjure up the image of something wobbly and viscous like some cosmetic substance or the inside of a memory-foam mattress. (
  • 11. The composition of claim 6 in which the emulsifying agent is capable of forming a dispersed droplet phase in said viscous gel. (