Gels: Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional: Electrophoresis in which a second perpendicular electrophoretic transport is performed on the separate components resulting from the first electrophoresis. This technique is usually performed on polyacrylamide gels.Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.Electrophoresis, Agar Gel: Electrophoresis in which agar or agarose gel is used as the diffusion medium.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Isoelectric Focusing: Electrophoresis in which a pH gradient is established in a gel medium and proteins migrate until they reach the site (or focus) at which the pH is equal to their isoelectric point.Vaginal Creams, Foams, and Jellies: Medicated dosage forms for topical application in the vagina. A cream is a semisolid emulsion containing suspended or dissolved medication; a foam is a dispersion of a gas in a medicated liquid resulting in a light, frothy mass; a jelly is a colloidal semisolid mass of a water soluble medicated material, usually translucent.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Electrophoresis: An electrochemical process in which macromolecules or colloidal particles with a net electric charge migrate in a solution under the influence of an electric current.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis: Electrophoresis in which various denaturant gradients are used to induce nucleic acids to melt at various stages resulting in separation of molecules based on small sequence differences including SNPs. The denaturants used include heat, formamide, and urea.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Silicone Gels: Synthetic organosiloxane gels that are formed from synthetic polymers of silicone oxide with organic sidechains (polydimethylsiloxane) by lengthening the polymer chains. Unlike silicone elastomers, they are not treated with amorphous silica. They are used as fillers in breast implants.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.SepharoseElectrophoresis, Starch Gel: Electrophoresis in which a starch gel (a mixture of amylose and amylopectin) is used as the diffusion medium.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Collagen: A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Chromatography, DEAE-Cellulose: A type of ion exchange chromatography using diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE-CELLULOSE) as a positively charged resin. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Immunoelectrophoresis: A technique that combines protein electrophoresis and double immunodiffusion. In this procedure proteins are first separated by gel electrophoresis (usually agarose), then made visible by immunodiffusion of specific antibodies. A distinct elliptical precipitin arc results for each protein detectable by the antisera.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Administration, Intravaginal: The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Centrifugation, Density Gradient: Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Trypsin: A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC 3.4.21.4.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Ultracentrifugation: Centrifugation with a centrifuge that develops centrifugal fields of more than 100,000 times gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Peptide Fragments: Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.Proteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Proteome: The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Chemical Precipitation: The formation of a solid in a solution as a result of a chemical reaction or the aggregation of soluble substances into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.Acrylic ResinsCross-Linking Reagents: Reagents with two reactive groups, usually at opposite ends of the molecule, that are capable of reacting with and thereby forming bridges between side chains of amino acids in proteins; the locations of naturally reactive areas within proteins can thereby be identified; may also be used for other macromolecules, like glycoproteins, nucleic acids, or other.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Acrylamides: Colorless, odorless crystals that are used extensively in research laboratories for the preparation of polyacrylamide gels for electrophoresis and in organic synthesis, and polymerization. Some of its polymers are used in sewage and wastewater treatment, permanent press fabrics, and as soil conditioning agents.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Two-Dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis: Methods of comparing two or more samples on the same two-dimensional gel electrophoresis gel.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Densitometry: The measurement of the density of a material by measuring the amount of light or radiation passing through (or absorbed by) the material.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Protein Biosynthesis: The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Immune Sera: Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.Hydroxyapatites: A group of compounds with the general formula M10(PO4)6(OH)2, where M is barium, strontium, or calcium. The compounds are the principal mineral in phosphorite deposits, biological tissue, human bones, and teeth. They are also used as an anticaking agent and polymer catalysts. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Chromatography, Agarose: A method of gel filtration chromatography using agarose, the non-ionic component of agar, for the separation of compounds with molecular weights up to several million.Peptide Hydrolases: Hydrolases that specifically cleave the peptide bonds found in PROTEINS and PEPTIDES. Examples of sub-subclasses for this group include EXOPEPTIDASES and ENDOPEPTIDASES.Fibroblasts: Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.Administration, Topical: The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific: Enzyme systems containing a single subunit and requiring only magnesium for endonucleolytic activity. The corresponding modification methylases are separate enzymes. The systems recognize specific short DNA sequences and cleave either within, or at a short specific distance from, the recognition sequence to give specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. Enzymes from different microorganisms with the same specificity are called isoschizomers. EC 3.1.21.4.Nucleic Acid Denaturation: Disruption of the secondary structure of nucleic acids by heat, extreme pH or chemical treatment. Double strand DNA is "melted" by dissociation of the non-covalent hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. Denatured DNA appears to be a single-stranded flexible structure. The effects of denaturation on RNA are similar though less pronounced and largely reversible.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Immunoblotting: Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.Cell Fractionation: Techniques to partition various components of the cell into SUBCELLULAR FRACTIONS.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Chemical Fractionation: Separation of a mixture in successive stages, each stage removing from the mixture some proportion of one of the substances, for example by differential solubility in water-solvent mixtures. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Blood Protein Electrophoresis: Electrophoresis applied to BLOOD PROTEINS.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Isoenzymes: Structurally related forms of an enzyme. Each isoenzyme has the same mechanism and classification, but differs in its chemical, physical, or immunological characteristics.Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Blood Proteins: Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.Fibrin: A protein derived from FIBRINOGEN in the presence of THROMBIN, which forms part of the blood clot.Immunoelectrophoresis, Two-Dimensional: Immunoelectrophoresis in which a second electrophoretic transport is performed on the initially separated antigen fragments into an antibody-containing medium in a direction perpendicular to the first electrophoresis.Polyethylene Glycols: Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.Detergents: Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Physicochemical Phenomena: The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Cell-Free System: A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)Aloe: A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).Chemistry, Physical: The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.Autoradiography: The making of a radiograph of an object or tissue by recording on a photographic plate the radiation emitted by radioactive material within the object. (Dorland, 27th ed)Cross Reactions: Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.Endopeptidases: A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.Ammonium Sulfate: Sulfuric acid diammonium salt. It is used in CHEMICAL FRACTIONATION of proteins.DNA Restriction Enzymes: Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They catalyze the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA sequences which lack the species-specific methylation pattern in the host cell's DNA. Cleavage yields random or specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. The function of restriction enzymes is to destroy any foreign DNA that invades the host cell. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms. They are also used as tools for the systematic dissection and mapping of chromosomes, in the determination of base sequences of DNAs, and have made it possible to splice and recombine genes from one organism into the genome of another. EC 3.21.1.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Alginates: Salts of alginic acid that are extracted from marine kelp and used to make dental impressions and as absorbent material for surgical dressings.Binding, Competitive: The interaction of two or more substrates or ligands with the same binding site. The displacement of one by the other is used in quantitative and selective affinity measurements.Affinity Labels: Analogs of those substrates or compounds which bind naturally at the active sites of proteins, enzymes, antibodies, steroids, or physiological receptors. These analogs form a stable covalent bond at the binding site, thereby acting as inhibitors of the proteins or steroids.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Gelatin: A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.Immunochemistry: Field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues. It includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Protease Inhibitors: Compounds which inhibit or antagonize biosynthesis or actions of proteases (ENDOPEPTIDASES).Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Phosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Oligodeoxyribonucleotides: A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.TritiumAnti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.

Removal of non-specific serum inhibitors of haemagglutination of rubella virus by treatment with dodecylamine-gel. (1/2365)

The suitability of using dodecylamine-gel for removing the serum non-antibody-like inhibitors of haemagglutination by rubella was studied. Compared with kaolin and MnCl2/heparin treatment this new procedure appears to have a higher specificity since it removes the non-antibody-like inhibitors from serum without affecting the immunoglobulin level significantly. The potential application of this procedure in routine serological analysis for rubella virus infection is discussed.  (+info)

pH-dependent conformational change of gastric mucin leads to sol-gel transition. (2/2365)

We present dynamic light scattering (DLS) and hydrophobic dye-binding data in an effort to elucidate a molecular mechanism for the ability of gastric mucin to form a gel at low pH, which is crucial to the barrier function of gastric mucus. DLS measurements of dilute mucin solutions were not indicative of intermolecular association, yet there was a steady fall in the measured diffusion coefficient with decreasing pH, suggesting an apparent increase in size. Taken together with the observed rise in depolarized scattering ratio with decreasing pH, these results suggest that gastric mucin undergoes a conformational change from a random coil at pH >/= 4 to an anisotropic, extended conformation at pH < 4. The increased binding of mucin to hydrophobic fluorescent with decreasing pH indicates that the change to an extended conformation is accompanied by exposure of hydrophobic binding sites. In concentrated mucin solutions, the structure factor S(q, t) derived from DLS measurements changed from a stretched exponential decay at pH 7 to a power-law decay at pH 2, which is characteristic of a sol-gel transition. We propose that the conformational change facilitates cross-links among mucin macromolecules through hydrophobic interactions at low pH, which in turn leads to a sol-gel transition when the mucin solution is sufficiently concentrated.  (+info)

Model studies of chromatin structure based on X-ray diffraction data. (3/2365)

Model calculations are presented in order to interpret the X-ray diffraction diagrams given by chromatin gels. It is shown that by taking into account the hydration of chromatin subunits, the problem of calculating the interference function in concentrated gels is greatly simplified. In this way it is spossible to fully interpret the influence of concentration on the position and intensity of the various rings present in the X-ray diffraction patterns. The possibilities and limitations of models based on spherical symmetry are also discussed. It is concluded that each chromatin subunit most likely contains three turns of DNA in each 200 base pairs segment surrounding a central protein core. With the method presented here it is possible to test if other models of chromatin based on different kinds of evidence are compatible with the X-ray diffraction data.  (+info)

Performance of competitive and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, gel immunoprecipitation with native hapten polysaccharide, and standard serological tests in diagnosis of sheep brucellosis. (4/2365)

Competitive and standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), rose bengal (RB), complement fixation, and agar gel immunoprecipitation with native hapten (AGID-NH) were compared by using sera from Brucella-free, Brucella melitensis-infected, and B. melitensis Rev1-vaccinated sheep. The most sensitive tests were indirect ELISA and RB, and the most specific tests were AGID-NH and competitive ELISA. We show that RB followed by AGID-NH is a simple and effective system for diagnosing sheep brucellosis.  (+info)

Cholic acid aids absorption, biliary secretion, and phase transitions of cholesterol in murine cholelithogenesis. (5/2365)

Cholic acid is a critical component of the lithogenic diet in mice. To determine its pathogenetic roles, we fed chow or 1% cholesterol with or without 0.5% cholic acid to C57L/J male mice, which because of lith genes have 100% gallstone prevalence rates. After 1 yr on the diets, we measured bile flow, biliary lipid secretion rates, hepatic cholesterol and bile salt synthesis, and intestinal cholesterol absorption. After hepatic conjugation with taurine, cholate replaced most tauro-beta-muricholate in bile. Dietary cholic acid plus cholesterol increased bile flow and biliary lipid secretion rates and reduced cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase activity significantly mostly via deoxycholic acid, cholate's bacterial 7alpha-dehydroxylation product but did not downregulate cholesterol biosynthesis. Intestinal cholesterol absorption doubled, and biliary cholesterol crystallized as phase boundaries shifted. Feeding mice 1% cholesterol alone produced no lithogenic or homeostatic effects. We conclude that in mice cholic acid promotes biliary cholesterol hypersecretion and cholelithogenesis by enhancing intestinal absorption, hepatic bioavailability, and phase separation of cholesterol in bile.  (+info)

Partitioning of triphenylalkylphosphonium homologues in gel bead-immobilized liposomes: chromatographic measurement of their membrane partition coefficients. (6/2365)

Unilamellar liposomes of small or large size, SUVs and LUVs, respectively, were stably immobilized in the highly hydrophilic Sepharose 4B or Sephacryl S-1000 gel beads as a membrane stationary phase for immobilized liposome chromatography (ILC). Lipophilic cations of triphenylmethylphosphonium and tetraphenylphosphonium (TPP+) have been used as probes of the membrane potential of cells. Interaction of TPP+ and triphenylalkylphosphonium homologues with the immobilized liposomal membranes was shown by their elution profiles on both zonal and frontal ILC. Retardation of the lipophilic cations on the liposome gel bed was increased as the hydrophobicity of the cations increased, indicating the partitioning of lipophilic cations into the hydrocarbon region of the membranes. The cations did not retard on the Sepharose or Sephacryl gel bed without liposomes, confirming that the cations only interact with the immobilized liposomes. Effects of the solute concentration, flow rate, and gel-matrix substance on the ILC were studied. The stationary phase volume of the liposomal membranes was calculated from the volume of a phospholipid molecule and the amount of the immobilized phospholipid, which allowed us to determine the membrane partition coefficient (KLM) for the lipophilic cations distributed between the aqueous mobile and membrane stationary phases. The values of KLM were generally increased with the hydrophobicity of the solutes increased, and were higher for the SUVs than for the LUVs. The ILC method described here can be applied to measure membrane partition coefficients for other lipophilic solutes (e.g., drugs).  (+info)

An ordered metastable phase in hydrated phosphatidylethanolamine: the Y-transition. (7/2365)

By using time-resolved X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry and scanning densitometry, we observed rapid formation at low temperature of a metastable ordered phase, termed LR1 phase, in fully hydrated dihexadecylphosphatidylethanolamine (DHPE). The LR1 phase has the same lamellar repeat period as the gel Lbeta phase but differs from the latter in its more ordered, orthorhombic hydrocarbon chain arrangement. It forms at about 12 degrees C upon cooling and manifests itself as splitting of the sharp, symmetric wide-angle X-ray peak of the DHPE gel phase into two reflections. This transition, designated the 'Y-transition', is readily reversible and proceeds with almost no hysteresis between cooling and heating scans. Calorimetrically, the LR1-->Lbeta transition is recorded as a low-enthalpy (0.2 kcal/mol) endothermic event. The formation of the LR1 phase from the gel phase is associated with a small, about 2 microl/g, decrease of the lipid partial specific volume recorded by scanning densitometry, in agreement with a volume calculation based on the X-ray data. The formation of the equilibrium Lc phase was found to take place from within the LR1 phase. This appears to be the only observable pathway for crystallisation of DHPE upon low-temperature incubation. Once formed, the Lc phase of this lipid converts directly into Lbeta phase at 50 degrees C, skipping the LR1 phase. Thus, the LR1 phase of DHPE can only be entered by cooling of the gel Lbeta phase. The data disclose certain similarities between the low-temperature polymorphism of DHPE and that of long-chain normal alkanes.  (+info)

The compliance of collagen gels regulates transforming growth factor-beta induction of alpha-smooth muscle actin in fibroblasts. (8/2365)

Wound contraction is mediated by myofibroblasts, specialized fibroblasts that appear in large numbers as the wound matures and when resistance to contractile forces increases. We considered that the regulation of myofibroblast differentiation by wound-healing cytokines may be dependent on the resistance of the connective tissue matrix to deformation. We examined transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) induction of the putative fibroblast contractile marker, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and the regulation of this process by the compliance of collagen substrates. Cells were cultured in three different types of collagen gels with wide variations of mechanical compliance as assessed by deformation testing. The resistance to collagen gel deformation determined the levels of intracellular tension as shown by staining for actin stress fibers. For cells plated on thin films of collagen-coated plastic (ie, minimal compliance and maximal intracellular tension), TGF-beta1 (10 ng/ml; 6 days) increased alpha-SMA protein content by ninefold as detected by Western blots but did not affect beta-actin content. Western blots of cells in anchored collagen gels (moderate compliance and tension) also showed a TGF-beta1-induced increase of alpha-SMA content, but the effect was greatly reduced compared with collagen-coated plastic (<3-fold increase). In floating collagen gels (high compliance and low tension), there were only minimal differences of alpha-SMA protein. Northern analyses for alpha-SMA and beta-actin indicated that TGF-beta1 selectively increased mRNA for alpha-SMA similar to the reported protein levels. In pulse-chase experiments, [35S]methionine-labeled intracellular alpha-SMA decayed most rapidly in floating gels, less rapidly in anchored gels, and not at all in collagen plates after TGF-beta1 treatment. TGF-beta1 increased alpha2 and beta1 integrin content by 50% in cells on collagen plates, but the increase was less marked on anchored gels and was undetectable in floating gels. When intracellular tension on collagen substrates was reduced by preincubating cells with blocking antibodies to the alpha2 and beta1 integrin subunits, TGF-beta1 failed to increase alpha-SMA protein content in all three types of collagen matrices. These data indicate that TGF-beta1-induced increases of alpha-SMA content are dependent on the resistance of the substrate to deformation and that the generation of intracellular tension is a central determinant of contractile cytoskeletal gene expression.  (+info)

*Pyromellitamide gels

The gel molecule is composed of a tetra-alkane benzene-1,2,4,5-tetracarboxamide. The gel structure is made up of millions of ... There is huge range of potential applications for these gels. Aside from the artificial muscles, we could also use these gels ... There are also applications for computer and television screens, where we use gels for LCDs. These gels could lower the ... New types of gels based on pyromellitamide molecules are currently[when?] being developed which will enable doctors to repair ...

*Gel

... methylpropane sulfonic acid Agarose gel electrophoresis Food rheology Gel electrophoresis Gel filtration chromatography Gel ... A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough. Gels are defined as ... Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis Radial immunodiffusion Silicone gel Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis Void (composites) ... The main purpose of the gel is to prevent water intrusion if the buffer tube is breached, but the gel also buffers the fibers ...

*Lychee Mini Fruity Gels

... the gel nature means that these candies totally block the airway and the konnyaku gel is "ten times stronger" than gelatin. ... Lychee Mini Fruity Gels are a type of sweet or candy made with konjac, a gummy binding agent made from the tubers of the ... Lychee Mini Fruity Gels have been implicated in a number of deaths and choking injuries in the US and Pacific Rim countries. ... http://abcnews.go.com/Business/story?id=87820 "Lychee-flavored gel candies: a potentially lethal snack for infants and children ...

*Gel nails

All gel services are performed using some form of gel, which usually comes in pots of gel or bottles of gel polish. Gel also ... Soft gel refers to the gel products that are too soft to create a nail extension. This includes gel polishes and thicker gels ... There are two types of gel, hard gel and soft gel. Hard gel gets its name because, once cured, it is tough enough to be made ... Gel nails can allow those allergic to acrylic or nail resin to enjoy an extension service Many gel nail clients report that gel ...

*Yulia Gel

... at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Golbeck, Amanda L.; Olkin, Ingram; Gel, Yulia R., eds. (2015), "About the ... Yulia R. Gel is a professor in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Texas at Dallas and an adjunct ... Gel earned her doctorate in mathematics at Saint Petersburg State University in Russia, under the supervision of Vladimir N. ... "Yulia Gel". Statistics and Actuarial Science. University of Waterloo. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2017. ...

*Gel bracelet

... s, or jelly bracelets are an inexpensive type of wristband often made from Silicone. They come in a variety of ... During a resurgence in popularity in 2003, gel bracelets became the subject of a widespread urban legend linking them to a ... At least one particular type of gel bracelet called the MY Single Band was specifically designed to advertise the wearer's ... Mulligan, Sean (9 September 2015). "Gel Wristbands Explained". Wristband Bros. Sean Mulligan. Retrieved 9 September 2015. " ...

*Equilibrium gel

This lets clay particles connect in a chain and allows the gel to form at a low density. Equilibrium gel is similar to any gel ... Using the gel for coatings instead of other substances would be beneficial. This is due to the fact that the gel would allow ... The gel is created by suspending synthetic clay in water. The initial fluid transformed into gel after a few months with ... Equilibrium gel is made from a synthetic clay. Unlike other gels, it maintains the same consistency throughout its structure ...

*Ion gel

An Ion gel is a relatively new material where an ionic conducting liquid is immobilized inside a polymer matrix. This allows ... Ion gels have been successfully used as gate insulators for field effect transistors which reduces the voltage requirements. ... To create an ion gel, a block copolymer is polymerized along with an ionic liquid so that self-assembled nanostructures where ...

*Gel electrophoresis

Typically resolving gels are made in 6%, 8%, 10%, 12% or 15%. Stacking gel (5%) is poured on top of the resolving gel and a gel ... The types of gel most typically used are agarose and polyacrylamide gels. Each type of gel is well-suited to different types ... High percentage gels are often brittle and do not set evenly. 1% gels are common for many applications." Polyacrylamide gel ... Gel electrophoresis can also be used for separation of nanoparticles. Gel electrophoresis uses a gel as an anticonvective ...

*Gel dosimetry

This new type of polymer gel dosimeter, known as MAGIC gel, bound atmospheric oxygen in a metallo-organic complex thus removing ... A significant development in the field of gel dosimetry occurred when results of using an alternative polymer gel dosimeter ... Other work has also included the development of less toxic polymer gels. The fundamental science underpinning polymer gel ... Further, in 1957 depth doses of photons and electrons in agar gels were investigated using spectrophotometry. Gel dosimetry ...

*Anthony Gelling

Gelling is of Cook Islander and Māori descent. Gelling was a Howick Hornets junior. In 2009 and 2010 Gelling played for Sydney ... Gelling was part of the Cook Islands team that made the 2009 Pacific Cup Final. Gelling played for 'the Kukis' in their 28-24 ... Gelling was allocated the number 24 jersey on arrival to Wigan's pre-2012 season training in Florida. Gelling has proven ... Gelling was part of the Wigan Warriors team that beat the Cronulla Sharks in the World Club Challenge. He scored his first ...

*Gel extraction

... gel extraction or gel isolation is a technique used to isolate a desired fragment of intact DNA from an agarose gel following ... The removed slice of gel should contain the desired DNA inside. An alternative method, utilizing SYBR Safe DNA gel stain and ... The gel fragment is placed in a dialysis tube that is permeable to fluids but impermeable to molecules at the size of DNA, thus ... The disadvantage of gel isolation is that background can only be removed if it can be physically identified using the UV light ...

*Gelling sugar

This gel-forming process is called gelation. Sugar is essential because it attracts and holds water during the gelling process ... Use three times as much fruit in weight as you do Gelling Sugar. Gelling sugar cannot be stored as long as normal sugar, ... Pectin uses acid and sugar for the gelling process. Gelling sugar is different from preserving sugar, which does not contain ... Gelling sugar or (British) Jam sugar or (US) Jelly sugar or sugar with pectin is a kind of sugar, which is used to produce ...

*Shower gel

... (also shower cream or body wash) is a liquid product used for cleaning the body. Most commercial shower gels do not ... Practically all shower gels on the market today are pH-balanced.[citation needed] Some shower gels are herb-infused, and some ... Shower gel is an emulsion of water and detergent base (derived from petroleum), usually with added fragrance, used as a skin ... Shower gels for men may contain the ingredient menthol, which gives a cooling and stimulating sensation on the skin, and many ...

*Silica gel

... is also combined with alkali metals to form a M-SG reducing agent. (See SiGNa chemistry) Silica gel is not expected ... Silica gel contains a nano-porous silica micro-structure, suspended inside a liquid. Most applications of silica gel require it ... Once saturated with water, the gel can be regenerated by heating it to 120 °C (250 °F) for 1-2 hours. Some types of silica gel ... Silica gel, site www.jtbaker.com Silica gel, site www.chemcas.org Maryann Feldman and Pierre Desrochers (March 2003). "Research ...

*Peter Gelling

Blind Freddy Blind Freddy (1995) - Bent Notes Peter Gelling Bluestime (2000) - Bent Notes Neal Pattman and Peter Gelling It ... Peter Gelling My Sister's Shoes (2008) - Bent Notes Konstantin Shamray plays music by Peter Gelling Siberia to Sydney (2016) ... Peter Gelling is an Australian musician and an author. His album Bluestime was nominated for 2000 ARIA Award for Best Blues & ... "Gelling's World Of Blues", Canberra Times Howard, Lee (19 September 1999), "BLUESTIME.", Sunday Herald Sun Mcdonald, Graham (13 ...

*T/Gel

... is a medicated shampoo produced by Neutrogena. It reduces psoriasis, dandruff, and seborrheic dermatitis. Its primary ...

*Hydrosal Gel

... has a low risk of irritation due to its proprietary gel base. Clinical studies have demonstrated that the gel ... Hydrosal Gel is a brand name for a first-line topical gel treatment for excessive sweating. The product is a registered ... Hydrosal Gel contains 15% aluminum chloride hexahydrate, an ingredient often used in strong antiperspirants, as well as a ... Clinical studies support the efficacy and low incidence of irritation of the 15% aluminum chloride and 2% salicylic acid gel ...

*Gel pen

A gel pen uses ink in which pigment is suspended in a water-based gel. Because the ink is thick and opaque, it shows up more ... Gel pens can be used for many types of writing and illustration. The general design of a gel pen is similar to that of a ... Many gel inks are water resistant, and are not washed away by water once the ink has dried. Fraud resistant gel ink is ... The pigments in gel ink do not dissolve, and therefore cannot be analyzed with TLC. List of pen types, brands and companies ...

*Gel doc

A gel doc, also known as a gel documentation system, gel image system or gel imager, refers to equipment widely used in ... These gels are typically stained with ethidium bromide or other fluorophores such as SYBR Green. Generally, a gel doc includes ... 2012). "Agarose Gel Electrophoresis for the Separation of DNA Fragments". J Vis Exp. 62: 3923. doi:10.3791/3923. ... The main manufacturers of Gel documentation systems are Bio Rad, Azure, Bioolympics, Syngene, Vilber Lourmat, UVItec and ...

*Gel conference

GEL 2013 took place April 17-19, 2013 in New York City. Khan Academy Archived 2014-04-12 at the Wayback Machine. Xconomy IXDA ... Gel (Good Experience Live) is a conference focused on the concept of a "good experience" in all contexts - business, art, ... Each conference has been hosted by Gel's founder, Mark Hurst. Past speakers have included Salman Khan, Gabriel Weinberg, and ...

*Energy gel

Energy gels are also referred to as endurance gels, sports gels, nutritional gels, and carbohydrate gels. They come in small, ... Some gels, such as e-Gel, also come with added electrolytes. There are also gels with extras such as ginseng and other herbs, ... August, 2016 e-Gel Electrolyte Energy Gel GU Energy Products Powerbar Energy Gel Products Clif Bar & Company: Clif Shot. ... Caffeine can be found in some gels as well. Examples of common energy gels are GU, PowerBar Gel, and Clif Shot. The recommended ...

*Gel wipe

... is a moisturizing gel applied to dry toilet paper for cleaning purposes like personal hygiene or to reduce skin ... Anal cleansing "Estonian invents toilet paper gel?". "Health Entrepreneur of The Year". "Personal hygiene gel makes going to ... Gel Wipes began to be marketed as complimentary hygiene product for toilet paper by SATU Laboratory, as a luxury option by St ... and Zero Taboos that makes Wipegel Many adults now use gel wipe with toilet paper as an alternative to wet wipe that are ...

*Hair gel

The positive charges in the polymers causes them to stretch, making the gel more viscous. Hair gels resist natural protein ... Many brands of hair gel in North America and the UK come in numbered variants. Higher numbered gels maintain a greater "hold" ... Hair gel is a hairstyling product that is used to harden hair into a particular hairstyle. Analysis of ancient Egyptian mummies ... Some forms of hair gel are marketed to consumers who want to spike their hair in the style that emerged from the hardcore punk ...

*Gel (disambiguation)

A gel is a complex solid but fluid substance with liquid-like properties. Gel may also refer to: Hair gel, a gel used for ... a dried gel that, when heated, becomes a dense glass Color gel, a transparent colored material used to shade stage lighting Gel ... formerly Gël Silica gel ut-Ma'in language All pages beginning with "gel" All pages with a title containing gel Agar Collagen ... "Gel", a song by Collective Soul from their 1995 self-titled album Gel (dessert), a dessert made with sweetened and flavored ...
Global Ultrasound Gel Market Professional Survey Report 2017" Purchase This Report by calling ResearchnReports.com at +1-888-631-6977.. Global Ultrasound Gel Market Report 2021 Research Report is a professional in-depth study report and indeed a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.. There has been an increasing demand for Global Ultrasound Gel Sales Market, so several market analysts have dedicated time and effort to get into the bottom of the trend and see whether theres basis for this significant market performance. With the most current research data, analysts were able to understand the concept behind Global Ultrasound Gel Market.. Enquiry before Buying: https://goo.gl/QLk8mS. Market research reports for the Global Ultrasound Gel Sales Market included detailed segmentation of international, analysis of supply and demand trends, 5-year forecast of market growth, volumes of historic brand market, analysis of the production, ...
I have two stories here for your reading pleasure. One about the safe use of ultrasound gel, and another about using guacamole as an imaging medium in scanning non-human primates. This first story deals with a pet peeve of mine: tossing out old ultrasound gel bottles. I think most sonographers are aware that ultrasound gel can harbour bad pathogens, and the gel warmer is a great incubator. Most but not all sonographers regularly toss out used gel bottles on a monthly basis. One further note before I paste the link regards the use of bottled ultrasound gel as an endovaginal lubricant. I find that practice horrendous. Why introduce pathogens into a females vaginal canal from a warm bottle of gooey gel that has been in the warmer for a few months? Always use sterile KY jelly packets as the lubricant when performing these procedures. Here is the link all sonographers should read regarding this subject ...
Effect of budesonide on fibroblast-mediated collagen gel contraction and degradation.: These findings demonstrate that budesonide directly modulates contraction
China 1ml 2ml Reyoungel Fine Hyaluronate Acid Gel Injection Hyaluronic Acid to Remove Worry Lines, Find details about China Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Filler, Injection Dermal Filler from 1ml 2ml Reyoungel Fine Hyaluronate Acid Gel Injection Hyaluronic Acid to Remove Worry Lines - Shanghai Bioha Technology Co., Ltd.
Advanced Engineering Materials: Physicochemical, Gel Structure and Morphology Properties of Nano Rice Starch Prepared by Ultrasound
The report firstly introduced the Ultrasound Gel basics: definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain overview; industry policies and plans; product specifications; manufacturing processes; cost structures and so on. Then it analyzed the worlds main region market conditions, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, capacity utilization, supply, demand and industry growth rate etc. In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investmentreturn analysis. ...
After a 2011 outbreak of P. aeruginosa, investigators at Beaumont Health System near Detroit, Michigan determined contaminated ultrasound gel was the source of bacteria causing the healthcare-associated infection. The findings emphasize the need for increased scrutiny of contaminated medical products. This study is published in the August issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America ...
[121 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2017 Top 5 Ultrasound Gel Players in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa report by LP Information INC. ...
Das Doctor Babor Doc Hyaluronic Ultrasound Gel aus der Tech Cellular Serie ist ein speziell entwickeltes, feuchtigkeitsspendendes Kontaktgel für Ultraschallanwendungen mit dem Babor Ultrasonic Skin Ac
Page contains details about thermosensitive gel containing CAP-EFV-NP . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Learn more about Premedication With Lidocaine Gel May Decrease Discomfort During Mammography at Reston Hospital Center Mammograms are still the best screening...
Fluorouracil/epinephrine injectable gel (5-FU/epi gel) was evaluated in vitro for its drug-release profile characteristics and in a mouse tumor model for its antitumor effectiveness. In vitro...
A US orthopedics research team is developing an injectable gel that encourages self-healing of damaged tissues after a knee-injury
When I was in Tanzania we used exclusively guar gum gel for teaching and a research project on malaria. We found that the gel can last as little as 2 days at room temperature before becoming a much thinner liquid. I think that was due to some bacterial growth. It did not smell bad, though. It lasted longer when I cleaned the bottles well and rinsed them with boiling water. It also lasted better if refrigerated, which is not often an option. We also found that it worked great for ocular ultrasound. We were looking at optic nerve diameter and it was completely non-irritating when used on the eyelid directly, even if a little got in the eye. We also found that the tiny sieves that they had in the market in Tanzania, I think they were for making tea, worked great as a way to sprinkle the powder into the boiling water. We sometimes used a little more than a teaspoon of guar gum for a cup of water, just depending on what consistency we were looking for. I would suggest re-making the gel every 2-3 days ...
In this paper, the optimal composition of a paeonol temperature-sensitive in situ gel composed of poloxamer 407 (P407) was determined, and a preliminary study of its effect on allergic rhinitis was performed. The optimal composition of the paeonol temperature-sensitive in situ gel included 2% paeonol inclusion, 22% P407, 2% poloxamer 188 (P188) and 2% PEG6000, as assessed by thermodynamic and rheological studies. The toad palate model was employed to study the toxicity of the paeonol temperature-sensitive in situ gel on the nasal mucosa. The result of this experiment showed low toxicity to cilia, which allows the gel to be used for nasal administration. The Franz diffusion cell method was used to study the in vitro release of paeonol and suggested that the in vitro release was in line with the Higuchi equation. This result suggests that the paeonol could be absorbed into the body through mucous membranes and had some characteristics of a sustained effect. Finally, the guinea pig model of ovalbumin
Multi-use Gels are ideal for several different purposes due to their superior coupling efficiency and pleasing, quality cosmetic base. The hypo-allergenic gels effectively use rich, moisturizing formulas that prove comfortable and pleasing to both the patient and the ultrasound practitioner.. ...
World Standard for Medical Ultrasound Transmission, AQUASONIC 100 is the most widely used gel for diagnostic and therapeutic medical ultrasound. Recommended for all procedures where a viscous gel is required. ...
The enzyme Transglutaminase is used as a novel method of increasing the stiffness of collagen gel without affecting other characteristics. This discovery has allowed for a more accurate analysis of cancer cell motility in ...
Add a new dimension to painting! Formulated for maximum flexibility, versatility, and durability, these gel mediums produce a variety of textural and impasto effects.
Acne gels can be great for spot treatment of unsightly pimples. Acne gels can begin to fade the brown spots left behind when acne heals just about as soon
A clear or colored top coating composition containing internally cross-linked microgel particles is disclosed. The microgel particles are produced by emulsion-polymerizing a monomer mixture of ethylenically unsaturated monomers including at least one cross-linking monomer and have a refraction index which is equal or close (≦0.05) to that of a surrounding film-forming polymer fully cured with a cross-linking agent.
...Boston MA - Some 25 million people in the United States alone suffer ...Among its advantages the gel could allow the targeted release of medi... We think that this platform could be useful for multiple medical appl...Karp will present the findings April 15 at the annual meeting of the S...,Injectable,gel,could,spell,relief,for,arthritis,sufferers,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Surimi containing omega-3 fatty acids from algal oil was prepared by the addition of oil-in-water emulsions or bulk oil. Emulsion and bulk oil were added separately to surimi to provide ~500 mg of omega-3 fatty acids per serving of surimi (85 g). Addition of the emulsion had no effect on surimi gel strength, whereas bulk oil decreased gel strength an average of 31%. All surimi treatments containin ...
Today is the last day of the week-long meeting, which featured speeches from Bill Clinton and Bill Gates. Some good news was presented at the meeting. The number of people receiving drugs to treat HIV infections is up. And a promising development for controlling HIV transmission was talked about, a new gel that women can use that can help dramatically slow the spread of the virus ...
Researchers in the US have developed a new injectable hydrogel that could be an effective and safe treatment for tissue damage caused by heart attacks. Developed by a team at University of California, San Diego, the hydrogel is made up of cardiac connective tissue that is stripped of heart muscle cells through a cleansing process, freeze dried and milled into powder form before being liquefied. Once it hits body temperature, the liquid turns into a semi-solid, porous gel that encourages cells to repopulate areas of damaged cardiac tissue and to preserve heart function. The hydrogel forms a scaffold to repair the tissue and provides biochemical signals that prevent further deterioration in the surrounding tissues ...
Scientists report they have developed gels that, in animal tests, can be injected into the heart to shore up weakened areas and prevent heart failure.
A curved-surface cassette/gel system is disclosed in which the walls of a cassette and the major surfaces of a slab-shaped electrophoresis gel in the cassette coact to substantially exclude liquid or gas from between either wall and the major surfaces of the gel. Exclusion is accomplished by exerting a normal force at all points on the walls of the cassette and at all points on the major surfaces of the gel. A curvature may be present in at least one wall of the cassette and in at least one major surface of the cassette. A cassette headpiece may be divided by septa which form an edge seal with the slab gel. The spaces formed between the septa function as wells into which sample materials may be placed.
Horizontal Mini Gel Kit, CE. Gel dimensions of 7.5cm (w) x 10cm (l) [MHU-202] - Flip-Lid mini-horizontal features UV transparent acrylic gel bed, UV transparent gel tray, tapered baffles for easy in situ gel formation, comb and safety cover with interlocking leads. Select comb from list above.
Juvéderm® New York City - Dr. Steven Victor M.D. specializes in Dermal Fillers such as Juvéderm® and other Cosmetic Dermatology Procedures. Our practice serves Manhattan, New York City (NYC) and surrounding areas.
There is a good article on the "pixie dust" in the Aug. 2011 Discover Magazine. It was used at Brookes Army Hospital in San Antonio to restore a soldiers thigh muscles in which 70 percent of the muscle had been destroyed. His restored eg is now stronger then the other leg. Doctors wanted to amputate it originally, but the soldier heard about this powder and was able to have a form of it applied to his leg. Also of extreme interest is something called Stem Cell Gun, for burns, do a google search and you can find video on it from a National Geographic show. Meanwhile, most Dr.s will still saw your legs off and put skin from your butt on your face to save you; never mentioning this technology. If you look up ACell or Matristem you can get more up dates on the dust. Interestingly is is for sale on Amazon.. ...
You have probably read, seen or heard about toning gel. But, like many other products out there that promise you fast results and a better-looking you without much effort on your part, toning gel has its skeptics. You may be wondering if toning gel works. Well, the answer is yes...and no.. Theres nothing that can tone your muscles quite like a good workout. Setting up a workout routine and combining it with a healthy diet and plenty of sleep is the best way for you to look your best. But, if you want to get an extra edge, toning gel may be able to help you out.. How Toning Gel Works. Basically, toning gel is advertised as a product that can help you get firmer skin and better looking toned muscles on all parts of your body. It works as a gel that you run into the muscles of your body. They even have special toning gels that you can put under your eyes and on your face to help the skin on your face become firmer.. In addition to just making your skin firmer, toning gels also promise to make your ...
Question - Child discharging gel-like fluid from vagina. What is it?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Vaginal discharge, Ask a Pediatrician
Agar Bacteriological (Agar No. 1, Oxoid) is a clear purified high gel strength bacteriological agar compatible with all culture media. This agar has low calcium and magnesium levels and has very high working gel strength (1.5% w/v).. Agar Bacteriological, Oxoid is compatible with all culture media. It can be formulated to either broth or agar of the same medium with very similar metal values. This characteristic is especially valuable in antimicrobial MIC studies where differences in mineral/metal content can profoundly influence the results. Due to the low mineral/metal content in Agar Bacteriological, Oxoid, it allows free diffusion of antimicrobial substances. As a result, it is a highly satisfactory agar for antimicrobial diffusion studies (disc diffusion susceptibility tests).. ...
The proteins in the focussed IPG strips are uncharged because they are at their pI and so they will not move into the SDS- PAGE gel. So the strips are treated with SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate), an anionic detergent which denatures the protein by breaking the disulfide bonds and gives negative charge to each protein in proportion to its mass. Without SDS, different proteins with similar molecular weights would migrate differently due to differences in folding, as differences in folding patterns would cause some proteins to better fit through the gel matrix than others. SDS linearizes the proteins so that they may be separated strictly by molecular weight. The SDS binds to the protein in a ratio of approximately 1.4 g SDS per 1.0 g protein (although binding ratios can vary from 1.1-2.2 g SDS/g protein), giving an approximately uniform mass:charge ratio for most proteins, so that the distance of migration through the gel can be assumed to be directly related to only the size of the protein. ...
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I wanted to give other readers necessary information about Crinone that is not listed. I recently did IVF in June and am now 7 weeks pregnant. I have been taking crinone 8% now for the last 4 weeks t...
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , Labne \ Capillary Blanking Ports, for use with mini vertical gel system with 2D module, pack of 10 \ E2110-2D-BP for more molecular products just contact us
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In this paper, we present an in-depth study of a non-invasive method to determine the bulk modulus of microgel particles. The method relies on measuring the particle size as a function of external osm
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JMORELLI at MAINE.MAINE.EDU wrote: , : I am trying to run a native (no SDS) acrylamide gel on some basic , : proteins. (myoglobin, hemoglobin) I hav so far not had much luck. , [stuff deleted] , You may want to try some of these references for additional reading: Rodbard, D., and Chrambach, A.: Unified theory of gel electrophoresis and gel filtration. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 65, 970-977 (1970). Rodbard, D., and Chrambach, A.: Estimation of molecular radius, free mobility, and valence using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Anal. Biochem., 40, 95-134 (1971). Chrambach, A., The Practice of Quantitative Gel Electrophoresis, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim FRG, 1985, pp.1-265. ISBN 3-527-26039-0. Tietz, D.: Review. Gel electrophoresis of intact subcellular particles. J. Chromatogr. 418, 305-344 (1987). Tietz, D.: Evaluation of mobility data obtained from gel electrophoresis: Strategies in the computation of particle and gel properties on the basis of the extended Ogston model. Advances in ...
p,Use Certified Molecular Biology Agarose for routine separations. This agarose has high strength so gels are easy to handle even at low agarose percentages.,/p, ,ul, ,li,For routine separations of ~100 bp to 20 kb. ,/li, ,li,Genetic quality tested (GQT) grade,/li, ,li,Guaranteed to be free of DNA binders, inhibitors, DNases, and RNases,/li, ,li,Very low gel background staining,/li, ,li,Very high gel strength and high exclusion limit,/li, ,li,Very low sulfate content ,/li, ,/ul, ,table class="pd_table pd_gridlines" border="0", ,tbody, ,tr, ,td style="text-align: center;" width="87" valign="top",,strong,Certified Molecular Biology,/strong, ,strong,Agarose %,/strong,,/td, ,td style="text-align: center;" width="87" valign="top",,strong,Separation Range ,/strong,,/td, ,/tr, ,tr class="pd_colorbackground", ,td style="text-align: center;" valign="top",1.25%,/td, ,td style="text-align: center;" valign="top",100 bp–8 kb,/td, ,/tr, ,tr, ,td style="text-align: center;" valign="top",1%,/td, ,td ...
It has been observed experimentally that the actin gel grown from spherical beads coated with polymerization enzymes spontaneously breaks the symmetry of its spherical shape, and yields a
The problem is that the gels seem to run extremely slowly. Im running a 12% gel right now (SDS-PAGE, 3.5% stacking, 12% sep) and Im over 1 hour into the run with easily another hour to go, if not longer to go. The sample/dye has just barely made it into the separating gel. Im running at 100 volts (anything higher and the buffer will be too hot). 6% gels are no better really, the running time is still ridiculously slow. EDIT: Total run time (or rather, until I was sick of waiting) was 2 hrs and 40 min. I just thought of one other thing that might affect the run of the gel - I normally seal the bottom by pouring a small amount of agarose around the bottom end of the glass plates and allowing it to solidify before I pour the actual gel, but this results in the very bottom 2-4 mm of the actual gel being composed of agarose and not polyacrylamide....could this be the reason for slow running ...
POST}. PROTOCOL Favorgen EtBr Destroyer is a specifically designed reagent ef-. When the treated gel becomes clear, please use the UV light box (UV Wavelength 254nm).Oui cest pas cher nded, juste les frais de port un peu élevés (tu as une fille qui vend en france au même prix mais les frais de port moins élevés: gel uv.. Gel uv - Lila Rossa - pentru pictura- P 3. Price: 9 RON. Add to cart. Price includes VAT 20%, shipping cost is not included. Gelul de pictura.PROTOCOLE DE POSE GEL UV GEL ATTITUDE www.gelattitude.com Etape 1: PREPARATION DE LONGLE Avant toute chose, le matériel, ainsi que le plan de travail et vos.Vite ! Découvrez loffre Gel UV / LED Base Soak off - 15 ml pas cher sur Cdiscount. Livraison rapide et Economies garanties en faux ongles !.Sealer nailangel: Très brillant et anti-uv il ne jaunis pas, il ne se brise pas. Gel de couleur de nded, calyste, nailangel, sure promise Sealer nailangel.. Etapes de pose de gel UV - Protocole gel manucure UV - Protocole de pose de gel ...
It is also possible to elute proteins from gel strips by reverse electrophoresis: Polymererize 15% gel, filling half of the sandwich. Place the gel pieces that contain the protein(s) of interest on the polymerized gel. These are inserted into the sandwich with the help of a spacer or a spatula, so that the strips sit evenly on the 15% gel surface. Next, fill up the remainder of the sandwich with stacking gel, leaving about a couple of centimeters from the top empty. let it polymerize. Run the gel with the usual buffer system, BUT in reverse. See the dye migrate upwards. If the original gel was not stained, stain the gel slices lightly with BPB prior to loading them. As the stain reaches the top of the stack, overlay the surface with 5-10 mL (depending on the thickness of the gel sandwich) of 1x Laemmli sample buffer (w/ 10% glycerol) and collect the eluent every 10 min with a syringe fitted with a 18 or 20 g needle. It is a good idea to put a teflon tube sleeve on the needle to avoid damaging ...
Principal Investigator:SHIRAHAMA Keishiro,白濱 啓四郎, Project Period (FY):1994 - 1995, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (C), Research Field:機能・物性・材料
The purpose of this study is to determine if SPL7013 Gel (VivaGel™) is safe when applied topically once a day for seven consecutive days to the shaft and glans of the penis in healthy male volunteers. The study will compare the safety of SPL7013 Gel on the penile epithelium and urethral mucosa to the safety of a placebo gel. The study will also assess the systemic safety of SPL7013 Gel, systemic absorption of the active ingredient of SPL7013 Gel, and the acceptability of the study products to the male volunteers ...
The purpose of this study is to determine if SPL7013 Gel (VivaGel™) is safe when applied topically once a day for seven consecutive days to the shaft and glans of the penis in healthy male volunteers. The study will compare the safety of SPL7013 Gel on the penile epithelium and urethral mucosa to the safety of a placebo gel. The study will also assess the systemic safety of SPL7013 Gel, systemic absorption of the active ingredient of SPL7013 Gel, and the acceptability of the study products to the male volunteers ...
Controlled release silica sol gels are room temperature processed, porous, resorbable materials with generally good compatibility. Many molecules including drugs, proteins and growth factors can be released from sol gels and the quantity and duration of the release can vary widely. Processing parameters render these release properties exquisitely versatile. The synthesis of controlled release sol gels typically includes acid catalyzed hydrolysis to form a sol with the molecules included. This is then followed by casting, aging and drying. Additional steps such as grinding and sieving are required to produce sol gel granules of a desirable size. In this study, we focus on the synthesis of sol gel microspheres by using a novel process with only two steps. The novelty is related to acid-base catalysis of the sol prior to emulsification. Sol gel microspheres containing either vancomycin (antibiotic) or bupivacaine (analgesic) were successfully synthesized using this method. Both drugs showed controlled,
Crinone: Progesterone vaginal gel and vaginal tablets belong to the class of medications called progestins. These medications are used as part of an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) plan. They help to prepare the uterus lining so that a fertilized egg can be implanted (attached to the uterus) and to maintain a pregnancy once a fertilized egg has been implanted.
A foam is provided having utility for improving sweep efficiency in subterranean oil-bearing formations and having specific utility for conformance improvement treatments and mobility control in such formations. The foam is a gel medium having a gas dispersed therein. The gel medium is made up of a crosslinkable polymer, a crosslinking agent, a surfactant and a liquid solvent.
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Treatment of joint fusion. There are no known contraindications for the EXOGEN device. Safety and effectiveness have not been established for individuals lacking skeletal maturity, pregnant or nursing women, patients with cardiac pacemakers, on fractures due to bone cancer, or on patients with poor blood circulation or clotting problems. Some patients may be sensitive to the ultrasound gel ...
This past weekend I almost died! I had a low BS of 19, and that was , after my family tried to feed me glucose tabs. Keep glucose GEL around and gluocagon. Make sure your companions know how to use both. As long as you have a gag reflex, the GEL can be administered. If rubbed on the gums and inside the cheeks it will be absorbed fairly rapidly. If that doesnt work, the glucagon will bring you around pretty quick. Train your family in these procedures. BTDT with my daughter -- very scary. Michael email @ redacted ---------------------------------------------------------- for HELP or to subscribe/unsubscribe, contact: [email protected] send a DONATION http://www.Insulin-Pumpers.org/donate.shtml ...
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From the makers of PowerBar, PowerGel energy gels will help spur you on to new feats of endurance on the bike. PowerGel energy gel has all the carbs and sodium of a sports drink in an easy-to-swallow gel that delivers convenient fuel to help optimize your performance. PowerGel is formulated with C2MAX, a 2:1 glucose to fructose blend found to deliver 20-50% more energy to muscles than glucose alone and improve endurance performance by 8%. These energy gels are designed to top off your glycogen stores before exercise, and to help you refuel during intense exercise and training. The sodium in the gels, along with the fluids you consume, help to replace the sodium and fluids you lose as sweat.
From the makers of PowerBar, PowerGel energy gels will help spur you on to new feats of endurance on the bike. PowerGel energy gel has all the carbs and sodium of a sports drink in an easy-to-swallow gel that delivers convenient fuel to help optimize your performance. PowerGel is formulated with C2MAX, a 2:1 glucose to fructose blend found to deliver 20-50% more energy to muscles than glucose alone and improve endurance performance by 8%. These energy gels are designed to top off your glycogen stores before exercise, and to help you refuel during intense exercise and training. The sodium in the gels, along with the fluids you consume, help to replace the sodium and fluids you lose as sweat.
item Now get the heated samples, and the ladder. The micropipeds needed for the gel are already at the gel room. Add 10$\mu$L of ladder for 15 lane gels, add the same amount for unto to 15$\mu$L of ladder for 10 lane gels. Add 15$\mu$L or $30\mu$L of the sample from the heated microtubes into 15 lane or 10 lane gel (15 for 15 lane, 30 for 10 lane). \item Fill the box to the 2-gel mark (or 4-gel mark if running more than 3 gels) or more with OLD Tris-gly-SDS buffer. Put the cap on and hit the run button (looks like a guy running). Check for bubbles rising. \end{enumerate} \ \\ \Large Coomassie Staining Protocol \normalsize (Christopher Eur) \begin{enumerate} \item Dump the Tris-gly-SDS buffer into the ``used" bottle. \item Disassemble the cassette, set the gel down on a paper towel, and rinse the rest. \item Fetch a box to put the gel in. Crack the gel open on all four corners and retrieve the gel; be careful not the rip, and if sticky apply water. Put it in the box. \item Check the staining ...
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Protein bands on the bottom of the gel - posted in SDS-PAGE and Western Blotting: I run electrophoresis while the day does not come until the end of the gel. After gel staining, no protein low Mw and proteins high Mw are in the middle of the gel (instead of above). I used 12 and 15% gel on which, according to the protocols, all the proteins shoud be separated. Is there any idea where I made a mistake?
The most common side effects include tenderness, swelling, firmness, lumps/bumps, bruising, pain, redness, discoloration, and itching. With JUVÉDERM® XC and JUVÉDERM® Ultra XC injectable gels, most side effects are mild or moderate and last 14 days or less. For JUVÉDERM VOLUMA® XC, side effects are moderate (uncomfortable) and last 2 to 4 weeks. For JUVÉDERM VOLBELLA® XC, side effects were predominantly mild or moderate, with a duration of 30 days or less ...
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Using ULTRACARE GEL 20% during pregnancy may raise the risk of children developing some disorder (commpon for some such kind of drugs), however it depends upon how ULTRACARE GEL 20% ingredients pass through placenta and may have effect on baby - Strength of ULTRACARE GEL 20% is major factor in determination of such side effects, The possible danger in pregnancy are under research. BOHM S.A. Canada publish leaflet about ULTRACARE GEL 20% every update to describe possible risks of using ULTRACARE GEL 20% side effect in pregnancy and pregnant women. You may download BOHM S.A. issued leaflet regarding side effects of ULTRACARE GEL 20% - BENZOCAINE. Pregnancy Side Effects can be easily know by Atc code of ULTRACARE GEL 20% ATC CODE.. ...
The image shows the results of analyzing restriction enzyme digested PCR reactions from seven individuals using gel electrophoresis. Samples were loaded at the top of the gel shown below and run towards the bottom. The lanes on the gel are numbered at the top. Lane 1 contains what is called a "DNA ladder". This is a mix of DNA of known sizes that we purchase and run as a standard, or ruler, on the side of the gel. I have labeled the size of two of these "ladder rungs" or standards. You can use these standards to get an idea of the size of the bands in lanes 2-8. Each of these lanes represents one of seven individuals that have been tested ...
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A protein produced by partial hydrolysis of collagen in skin, tendons, ligaments, bones, etc. of animals. The article of commerce may further specify special requirements for criteria such as gel strength and limits of iron, calcium, lactose or other chemical or microbiological requirements, such as requirements concerning selected pathogenic organisms including Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium spp. and mould spores. Information is requested on the microbiological criteria given below, which are tentative only. ...
Managing the look and feel of a scar is often applied to the use of a scar gel. Gels are a topical that is applied to skin that is affected by scarring. This approach is less harsh compared to treatments that are intended to remove skin that appears to be damaged. Scar gels are becoming popular and more frequently chosen options. They can be used at home and they are not invasive options. To learn more about scars, and how you can improve the overall appearance of your scars, please visit scar-creams-info.com/scar-removal/ - the best ways to help remove scars. On this page you can read about scar info, and find a list of products that can work effectively to help reduce the look and feel of your scar ...
Gas migration can be the result of slow static gel strength development, downhole volume losses or higher then expected reservior pressure. Operators can predict the potential for gas migration and use one or a combination of available treatments to help prevent gas flow.
The scientists from Aachen and Freiburg solved a similar task; however on a microscopic scale by using small gel particles instead of Lego bricks. These so-called microgels are water-rich, sponge-like gel particles, which can be chemically modified.. "We used four different types of microgels for our experiments. The microgels can self-assemble in an unsocial manner, staying amongst themselves, or co-assemble in a social manner, with a second type of microgel," explains Dr. Alexander Kühne from DWI. He coordinated this project together with Prof. Dr. Andreas Walther, a former DWI scientist who recently moved to the University of Freiburg.. The challenge of this project was to enable the microgels to distinguish between right and wrong partners. To achieve this, the scientists integrated molecular interactions so that only specific types of microgels would interact with each other - just like a key, which can only open a very specific lock.. ...
Gels are neither solids nor liquids but rather a network of deformable and crosslinked polymers. Therefore, it is not surprising that the mechanical properties of synthetic gels are controlled by the degree of cross-linking, achieved, for example, by photopolymerization or the addition of chemical agents. One of the best examples of mechanically supporting bio-gels is the…
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... ,The SEA 2000 apparatus and ready-to-use gels are the key components of Elchroms system for analysis of nucleic acids by submerged gel electrophoresis. We provide other components to complete this system, offering full compatibility and optimal performance, at a reasonable cost. ,,, Besides the S,medicine,medical supply,medical supplies,medical product
Add 500ul of MgCl2 and 5ul SybrSafe gel dye. Gently swirl the flask to mix contents and then pour the contents into a gel mold. Place the well comb in the mold and freeze for 20 minutes. Gel Buffer To prepare the buffer that fills the gel electrophoresis chamber, pour 30mL of the 5X buffer into a 500mL flask and dilute the total volume of the solution to 300mL. Set aside until the gel is solidified. Sample Prep Aliquot the desired volume of sample to be run in the gel, ensuring not to exceed the well capacity. Add loading dye and mix via pipetting. Running the Gel Place the gel in the electrophoresis chamber and fill the chamber with the gel buffer. Remove the comb and load the sample into the wells. Connect the electrodes and run the gel at the desired voltage for the desired length of time. To prevent overheating of the gel, surround the gel electrophoresis chamber with ice. ...
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Gel mediums produce a variety of textural and impasto effects. Used alone or mixed with acrylic colors. Types include Ceramic Stucco, Black Lava, Light Modeling Paste, and Glass Beads.
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Savvy Living is written by Jim Miller, a regular contributor to the NBC Today Show and author of The Savvy Living" book. Any links in this article are offered as a service and there is no endorsement of any product. These articles are offered as a helpful and informative service to our friends and may not always reflect this organizations official position on some topics. Jim invites you to send your senior questions to: Savvy Living, P.O. Box 5443, Norman, OK 73070. ...
◇실험의 목적◇ Agarose gel에서 원하는 DNA fragment를 분리 정제한다. ◇실험 방법◇ 1. DNA Loading 2. Gel cutting 3. Gel extraction 1) gel extraction buffer 500 ㎕, 60℃로 녹인다. 2) 4. DNA loading(확인용) ◇실험의 원리◇ -전기영동의 원리 다양한 방법의 전기영동법이 있지만 우리가 실험한 Agarose gel 전기영동은 DNA 조각을 분리하고 인식하는데 사용하는 가장 일반적인 방법이다. 이 기술은 간단하고 빠르며 다른 방식으로는 잘 ..
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Non-destructive structural informationShape-change polymer gels have been extensively studied as novel intelligent materials with sensor, processor and actuator functions. In these materials, the machine motion is a change in response to some external stimulus some oscillating state that can be repeatedly induced on demand.772252603
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I am on Vivelle dot for a year only because every type of progesterone makes me depressed. I have had a biopsy and ultrasound because I have been bleeding for 7 weeks straight. It came back good.
MPI 5004 is a methotrexate formulation in a biodegradable gel-like matrix. Inclusion of the vasoconstrictor epinephrine in the gel aids the to localisation of
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Electron transfer reactions have been studied between 9-anthracenecarboxylic acid co-adsorbed with perylene on silica gel surfaces employing azulene as a molecular shuttle in order to facilitate hole transfer. In this paper we present for the first time a ternary system that unambiguously demonstrates an appreciable mobility of radical cations on the silica gel surface. Rates of hole transfer from the 9-anthracenecarboxylic acid radical cation to perylene via azulene have been studied using diffuse reflectance laser flash photolysis spectroscopy. Azulene has been shown to enhance the rate of electron transfer in the ternary system, proving significant mobility of the azulene and its radical cation species on silica gel surfaces. The data shows that the azulene radical cation can diffuse at an appreciable rate on the silica gel surface ...
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This study was aimed at preparing, characterising and evaluating in situ gel formulations based on a blend of two hydrophilic polymers i.e. poloxamer 407 (P407) and poloxamer 188 (P188) for a sustained ocular delivery of ketorolac tromethamine (KT). Drug-polymer interaction studies were performed using {DSC} and FT-IR. The gelation temperature (Tsol-gel), gelation time, rheological behaviour, mucoadhesive characteristics of these gels, transcorneal permeation and ocular irritation as well as toxicity was investigated. {DSC} and FT-IR studies revealed that there may be electrostatic interactions between the drug and the polymers used. {P188} modified the Tsol/gel of {P407} bringing it close to eye temperature (35°C) compared with the formulation containing {P407} alone. Moreover, gels that comprised {P407} and {P188} exhibited a pseudoplastic behaviour at different concentrations. Furthermore, mucoadhesion study using mucin discs showed that in situ gel formulations have good mucoadhesive ...
Description: Natures Way Aloe Vera Gel and Juice provides the unique soothing benefits of the potent interior aloe gel fillet. Natures Way Gel and Juice blend contains high amounts of aloe nutrients including polysaccharides. Usage: This Aloe can be used topically and internally. Recommended Daily Dosage: Drink 8 oz. per day of enhanced, nutritious Natures Way Aloe Vera or mix into your favorite juice or smoothie. Natures Way Aloe Vera can also be applied topically as needed. The following list is for serving size of 8 ozs. Liquid Primary Ingredients Amount USRDA Aloe Polymax+, Polysaccharide extract, 0% Aloe Vera Gel Fillet 0% Aloe Vera Juice 0% Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 0% Other Ingredients: Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate Quality Issues: Natures Way Aloe Vera is the only brand to exceed the highest standards of the International Aloe Science Council(verification of aloe content and purity) and the International Aloe Certification Laboratories
Development of Leishmania parasites in the digestive tract of their sandfly vectors involves several morphological transformations from the intracellular mammalian amastigote via a succession of free and gut wall-attached promastigote stages to the infective metacyclic promastigotes. At the foregut midgut transition of Leishmania-infected sandflies a gel-like plug of unknown origin and composition is formed, which contains high numbers of parasites, that occludes the gut lumen and which may be responsible for the often observed inability of infected sandflies to draw blood. This "blocked fly" phenotype has been linked to efficient transmission of infectious metacyclic promastigotes from the vector to the mammalian host. We show by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy on two Leishmania/sandfly vector combinations (Leishmania mexicana/Lutzomyia longipalpis and L. major/Phlebotomus papatasi) that the gel-like mass is formed mainly by a parasite-derived mucin-like filamentous ...
Objective: To determine the formation and dissolution of calcium fluoride on the enamel surface after application of two fluoride gel saliva mixtures. Method and Materials: From each of 80 bovine incisors, two enamel specimens were prepared and subjected to two different treatment procedures. In group 1, 80 specimens were treated with a mixture of an amine fluoride gel (1.25% F-; pH 5.2; 5 minutes) and human saliva. In group 2, 80 enamel blocks were subjected to a mixture of sodium fluoride gel (1.25% F; pH 5.5; 5 minutes) and human saliva. Subsequent to fluoride treatment, 40 specimens from each group were stored in human saliva and sterile water, respectively. Ten specimens were removed after each of 1 hour, 24 hours, 2 days, and 5 days and analyzed according to potassium hydroxide soluble fluoride. Results: Application of amine fluoride gel resulted in a higher amount of potassium hydroxide soluble fluoride than did sodium fluoride gel 1 hour after application. Saliva exerted an inhibitory ...
The research accomplished during this project period focused on control experiments designed to establish whether cartilage cells from normal cartilage will continue to synthesize and accumulate normal extracellular matrix in agarose gel culture. This information is essential to properly design experiments to qualify changes in chondrocyte biosynthesis due to applied electromagnetic fields. The results suggest that both normal chondrocytes and swarm rat chondrosarcoma cells in agarose culture can continue to synthesize matrix macromolecules at a rate similar to or slightly higher than that in normal cartilage; also, that chondrocytes in agarose can successfully mediate assembly and accumulation of normal, mechanically functional extracellular matrix. ...
The purpose of this study was to develop a fibrin gel system capable of serving as a three dimensional scaffold for the chondrogenesis of rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and to examine the effect of two fibrinolytic inhibitors, aprotinin and aminohexanoic acid, on this system. Rabbit BM-MSCs were obtained from the tibias and femurs of New Zealand white rabbits. After chondrogenic potential of BM-MSCs was verified by pellet culture, 2 x 106 cells were pelleted and suspended in fibrinogen (80mg/ml) and then mixed with equal parts of thrombin (5 IU/ml). The specimen were then divided into four groups: aprotinin control (with aprotinin); aprotinin + transforming growth factor (TGF-beta) (with aprotinin and TGF-beta 1); amino control (with aminohexanoic acid); and amino+TGF-beta (with aminohexanoic acid and TGF- beta1). Each of these groups was further divided into three groups depending on the concentration of the inhibitor. Both of the aprotinin groups received 0.0875, 0.175, or 0.35

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ALOE VERA GEL 50GELS [151102] - $5.66ALOE VERA GEL 50GELS [151102] - $5.66

Aloe Vera Gel, 50 Softgels Recommended Use: As a dietary supplement, take 1-2 softgels 3 times daily. For external purposes, ... Aloe Vera Gel, 50 Softgels Recommended Use: As a dietary supplement, take 1-2 softgels 3 times daily. For external purposes, ...
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Aloe VeraAloe Vera

In this report, the aloe vera extracts market is segmented on the basis of form into: concentrates, gels, powders, capsules and ... The global aloe vera extracts market is segmented based on product type into: aloe vera gel extracts, aloe vera whole leaf ... Besides this, increasing usage of aloe vera gel, capsules and powder for cosmetic and medicinal purposes is likely to fuel ... The extracts are used to formulate aloe vera based products such as powders, gels, capsules, drinks and concentrates. Aloe vera ...
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Aloe | Natural Solutions RadioAloe | Natural Solutions Radio

Preperations & Dosages: Aloe gel is best fresh from an aloe plant. Slit a leaf lengthwise and remove gel. Aloe gel is also ... Glycoproteins in aloe gel inhibit and break down bradykinin, a mediator of pain and inflammation. Aloe gel also inhibits ... For burns or wound healing, topically: aloe vera gel applied liberally (fresh gel from aloe plant is best). For hemorrhoids, as ... Aloe gel has been particularly effective in healing diabetic leg ulcers because along with its other wound healing capabilities ...
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Is Aloe Juice Good For You - December 2017Is Aloe Juice Good For You - December 2017

"Identification of five phytosterols from Aloe vera gel as anti-diabetic compounds". Biol. Pharm. Bull. 29 (7): 1418-22. ...
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Anaemia - Aloe ProductsAnaemia - Aloe Products

Aloe Vera Gel (juice). 90 - 180ml per day. 60ml with every meal. Anti-inflammatory, pain inhibitor, digestive, nutritive. ...
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Cramps, Muscular Pain - Aloe ProductsCramps, Muscular Pain - Aloe Products

Aloe Vera Gel (juice). 120 - 180ml daily, 60ml with each meal. Anti-inflammatory, digestive and nutritive. Cell regenerator. ...
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Colitis - Aloe ProductsColitis - Aloe Products

Take copious amounts of Aloe Vera Gel (juice), especially if you suffer from an ulcer in addition to colitis ... Aloe Vera Gel (juice). 90 - 180ml daily, 60ml with each meal. Anti-inflammatory, healing agent, pain inhibitor, natural anti- ...
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Miracle Medicinal Plant: 17 Ways to Use Aloe Vera for Health and Beauty - daily health infoMiracle Medicinal Plant: 17 Ways to Use Aloe Vera for Health and Beauty - daily health info

aloe vera gel with 1 tsp of almond milk and 1 tsp. lemon juice. Wash face and allow to sit on your skin for a few minutes ... Blend pure aloe gel with a three inch slice of cucumber and one egg white. Apply evenly to face. Leave on while you watch a ... aloe gel and ½ cup of unscented body lotion. Rub on feet till well exfoliated. Let sit for ten minutes, rinse well and dry. ... Its the clear gel inside the leaves that is soothing for burns and minor cuts. Although the interior of the plant is 99% water ...
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Avita Pharmacy   -  Wellness Library	Avita Pharmacy - Wellness Library

For wound healing, a wound gel with aloe or a skin gel with aloe has been applied to the skin up to three times daily until the ... Aloe treatments have included topical creams, mucilage (sticky substance from aloe), gel dressings, and gels. Aloe products ... Evidence that aloe gel reduces canker sore pain and prolongs ulcer-free intervals is unclear. Further research is needed.. C. ... Aloe gel may be beneficial in people with ulcerative colitis. Further research is needed to confirm these results.. C. ...
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Viagra Gel | Pills Shop, Big DiscountsViagra Gel | Pills Shop, Big Discounts

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Acne Gels | SephoraAcne Gels | Sephora

A collection of gel lip glosses with plumped-up, light-reflecting shine inspired by gel nail polishes.. What it does:. Ultra ... This potent retexturizing gel formula is designed for daily use, so you can see results night after night. The cooling gel ... A sweet, citrus-scented, luxury shower gel.. What it does:. SugarBath Shower Gel is a gentle foaming body cleanser enriched ... Sephora customers often prefer the following products when searching for Acne Gels. Browse the top-ranked list of Acne Gels ...
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Polymer Gels | SpringerLinkPolymer Gels | SpringerLink

... as well as the numerous advantages that polymer gel-based materials offer. It presents a comprehensive collection of chap ... This book exclusively focuses on the science and fundamentals of polymer gels, ... Gels for drug delivery polymer gels classification polymer gels fundamentals crosslinking in polymer gels tailor-made structure ... Key topics addressed include: polysaccharide-based gels and their fundamentals; stimuli-responsive polymer gels; polymer gels ...
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Gels - ProfotoGels - Profoto

OCF Color Gel Starter Kit. A kit with a Grid and Gel Holder and 10 popular gels ... OCF Color Effects Gel Pack. A gel wallet including 20 gels for color effects ... OCF Color Correction Gel Pack. A gel wallet including 20 color correction gels ... All For Profoto A1 Softboxes Umbrellas Beauty Dishes Reflectors Grids Gels Collapsible Reflectors Barndoors Snoots Special ...
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Ready-made gelsReady-made gels

... Agnes Agnes Tue Oct 15 03:14:00 EST 1996 *Previous message: help; DNA sequence of Cotesia glomerata virus ( ... Were interested in trying out some ready-made gels and wondered if anyone can recommend any. If youve tried any were you ...
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slicing acrylamide gelsslicing acrylamide gels

... gel (12x18cm, SDS-PAGE). But hereafter, I would -like to cut my acrylamide gel in thin slices of about 2mm, because in this - ... slicing acrylamide gels. Eric Kofoid kofoid at BIOLOGY.UTAH.EDU Mon Jun 24 11:35:11 EST 1996 *Previous message: [Q] ... To use, position the stack over a piece of gel, place a block of plexiglas or wood on top and tap lightly with a rubber mallet ... Does anybody know a nice gentle and especially reproducible way to cut a gel -in pieces, or, does anybody know which companies ...
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Oruvail gelOruvail gel

... contains the active ingredient ketoprofen, which is a type of medicine called a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ... Tiloket gel. Ketoprofen gel, capsules and modified release capsules are also available without a brand name, ie as the generic ... Oruvail gel. Oruvail gel contains the active ingredient ketoprofen, which is a type of medicine called a non-steroidal anti- ... Oruvail gel contains the active ingredient ketoprofen, which is a type of medicine called a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ...
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Cuplex gelCuplex gel

... contains the active ingredients salicylic acid and lactic acid. These are medicines called keratolytics. They work ... Allow the gel to dry over the surface.. *Take care to avoid getting the gel on healthy areas of skin as this can cause pain and ... Do not inhale the vapour produced by Cuplex gel.. *Cuplex gel is for external use on the affected areas of skin only. It must ... Cuplex gel. Cuplex gel contains the active ingredients salicylic acid and lactic acid. These are medicines called keratolytics ...
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gels Archives - Diabetes Developmentsgels Archives - Diabetes Developments

Glucose tabs look like candy. But they sure dont taste as good. Thats the point.. When you go hypo from too much insulin or sulfonylurea and too little food, you need to act quickly to bring your blood glucose level back to normal. Nothing does that better than a little glucose. Continue Reading. ...
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Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis - WikipediaPolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis - Wikipedia

Polyacrylamide gels are composed of a stacking gel and separating gel. Stacking gels have a higher porosity relative to the ... EtBr is used by simply adding it to the gel mixture. Once the gel has run, the gel may be viewed through the use of a photo- ... Preparing acrylamide gels[edit]. The gels typically consist of acrylamide, bisacrylamide, the optional denaturant (SDS or urea ... Gels are usually polymerized between two glass plates in a gel caster, with a comb inserted at the top to create the sample ...
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Nutraceutical gels - 4Life Patents, LLCNutraceutical gels - 4Life Patents, LLC

A nutriceutical food product includes a solid polymeric matrix and a liquid combined into a gel. The nutriceutical food product ... The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel comprises a gelling agent. 15. The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel ... 2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel comprises xanthan and guar gum. 3. The composition of claim 1, wherein the gel ... In an exemplary embodiment of a gel-based nutriceutical food product, the gel comprises a solid polymeric matrix throughout ...
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Cristy Gelling | Science NewsCristy Gelling | Science News

Many parents have questions about how to raise children "naturally." When is the natural time to wean a baby? Is early toilet training natural? What about suggestions to eat the placenta?. Martin, a primatologist, looks to evolutionary history for clues to how humans have parented through time. He leads a dizzying tour through evolutionary aspects of human reproduction, starting with sperm and egg, winding through pregnancy and parental care, to reach the decidedly unnatural topics of contraception and in vitro fer ...
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Intimate Gels and Creams - Tesco GroceriesIntimate Gels and Creams - Tesco Groceries

Learn more about our range of Intimate Gels and Creams ... Get quality Intimate Gels and Creams at Tesco. Shop in store or ... Add Vagisil External Prohydrate Hydrating Gel 30G. Addadd Vagisil External Prohydrate Hydrating Gel 30G to basket. ...
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TYLENOL Regular Strength Liquid Gels | WalgreensTYLENOL Regular Strength Liquid Gels | Walgreens

Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for TYLENOL Regular Strength Liquid Gels ... Temporary relief from minor aches and pains 325 mg of acetaminophen per gel capsule Pain reliever brand recommended by doctors ... Tylenol Regular Strength Liquid Gels temporarily reduce fever and relieve minor aches and pains due to headache, muscular aches ... TYLENOL Regular Strength Liquid Gels at Walgreens. ...
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  • The MHRA has received reports of three children being hospitalised after using oral gels containing choline salicylate. (bbc.co.uk)
  • This book exclusively focuses on the science and fundamentals of polymer gels, as well as the numerous advantages that polymer gel-based materials offer. (springer.com)
  • It presents a comprehensive collection of chapters on the recent advances and developments in the core science and fundamentals of both synthetic and natural polymer-based gels, and pays particular attention to applications in the various research fields of biomedicine and engineering. (springer.com)
  • and polymer gel nanocomposites and functional gels. (springer.com)
  • As you point out, in this case, the osmotic pressure in the gel is balanced by the tension due to elastic stretch of the polymer network. (imechanica.org)
  • Play media A hydrogel is a network of polymer chains that are hydrophilic, sometimes found as a colloidal gel in which water is the dispersion medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Small tubes (30g) of Oruvail gel can be bought from pharmacies to relieve local pain and inflammation resulting from non-serious arthritis, rheumatism, and muscular aches, pains and swellings, for example sports injuries or back pain. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Tylenol Regular Strength Liquid Gels temporarily reduce fever and relieve minor aches and pains due to headache, muscular aches, backache, toothache, minor arthritis pain, the common cold, and premenstrual and menstrual cramps. (walgreens.com)
  • By comparing the relative ratio of the distance traveled by each protein to the length of the gel (Rf) one can make conclusions about the relative molecular weight of the proteins, where the length of the gel is determined by the distance traveled by a small molecule like a tracking dye. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gel molecule is composed of a tetra-alkane benzene-1,2,4,5-tetracarboxamide. (wikipedia.org)
  • In der Präanalytik wird eine langdauernde Trennung von Blutzellen und Serum durch eine Gel-Barriere erleichtert. (springer.com)
  • A similarly confusing term is "pore pressure" in poroelasticity, which appears to play a similar role as the chemical potential in gels. (imechanica.org)
  • g.j.e.j.hooiveld at farm.rug.nl (Guido Hooiveld) wrote: -Hello, - -The situation is this: -After labeling proteins with a radioactive photolabile probe, I seperate -those proteins on a 7.5% gel (12x18cm, SDS-PAGE). (bio.net)
  • But hereafter, I would -like to cut my acrylamide gel in thin slices of about 2mm, because in this -way I can identify the molecular weights of possible labeled proteins. (bio.net)
  • Coming from a background in solid mechanics, the term "osmotic pressure" sounded like a foreign language to me when I first read the literature on gels. (imechanica.org)
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  • Oruvail gel contains the active ingredient ketoprofen, which is a type of medicine called a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Aside from the artificial muscles, we could also use these gels for drug delivery in cancer patients, where we can inject the patient with a gel and it will slowly release a constant stream of anti-cancer drugs in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disposable diapers where they absorb urine, or in sanitary napkins Contact lenses (silicone hydrogels, polyacrylamides, polymacon) EEG and ECG medical electrodes using hydrogels composed of cross-linked polymers (polyethylene oxide, polyAMPS and polyvinylpyrrolidone) Water gel explosives Rectal drug delivery and diagnosis Encapsulation of quantum dots Breast implants Glue Granules for holding soil moisture in arid areas Dressings for healing of burn or other hard-to-heal wounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rated 5 out of 5 by Diamondz from Gel Wax Bought this gel wax at Michaels because I needed to make some gel candles by the end of the day and could not wait for my Penreco wax by mail. (michaels.com)
  • Sephora customers often prefer the following products when searching for Acne Gels. (sephora.com)
  • Unlike other AHA products, Invigorating Night Transformation Gel contains ingredients that both exfoliate and soothe, meaning it can be used every night. (sephora.com)
  • She said: 'Any risk from these oral gel products is theoretical. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Native-PAGE keeps the oligomeric form intact and will show a band on the gel that is representative of the level of activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the crosslinking within the fluid that gives a gel its structure (hardness) and contributes to the adhesive stick (tack). (wikipedia.org)
  • This internal network structure may result from physical bonds (physical gels) or chemical bonds (chemical gels), as well as crystallites or other junctions that remain intact within the extending fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is certaintly a confusing concept in the study of gels. (imechanica.org)
  • WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Potentially dangerous bacteria already resistant to antibiotics are now developing resistance to common alcohol-based hand gels, a new study reports. (medicinenet.com)
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  • A statement from Reckitt Benckiser, which makes Bonjela, said it had redesigned packaging to make it easier for consumers to choose the right gel. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Well it's a gel so that's understandable - makes my skin feel really good in the morning, but it leaves some residue which makes it look like the gel kinda got peeled off your face when you made contact with your pillow. (sephora.com)
  • The cooling gel texture is lightweight to absorb quickly, even as it delivers skin-nurturing hydration. (sephora.com)
  • The gel should be gently massaged into the skin over the affected area. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • After soaking and drying the skin, gently squeeze the Cuplex tube to carefully apply one or two drops of Cuplex gel to the affected site. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Take care to avoid getting the gel on healthy areas of skin as this can cause pain and irritation. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Cuplex gel is for external use on the affected areas of skin only. (netdoctor.co.uk)
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  • There is huge range of potential applications for these gels. (wikipedia.org)
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  • Now E. faecium appears to be developing resistance to alcohol-based sanitizers, possibly in response to the vast use of the antimicrobial gels in hospital hand-hygiene programs, Stinear and his colleagues have found. (medicinenet.com)
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  • The issue of osmosis of the gel came to my attention when I taught the course last time, in 2009. (imechanica.org)
  • If we ignore the hydrostatic pressure of the external solvent, the stress is zero everywhere in the gel. (imechanica.org)
  • A fast-acting spot treatment gel that quickly fights, fades, and prevents blemishes. (sephora.com)
  • This quantity enters the material model of the gel as a hydrostatic pressure (page 6 of the notes ). (imechanica.org)