Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The most common etiologic agent of GAS GANGRENE. It is differentiable into several distinct types based on the distribution of twelve different toxins.
Impaired digestion, especially after eating.
A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)
Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.
Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Inflammation of the MUCOSA of both the SMALL INTESTINE and the LARGE INTESTINE. Etiology includes ISCHEMIA, infections, allergic, and immune responses.
Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.
A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).
A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
Drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.
An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.
Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.
Inflammation of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, a lesion observed in a number of unrelated disorders.
A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of foods containing GLUTEN, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.
A malabsorption condition resulting from greater than 10% reduction in the secretion of pancreatic digestive enzymes (LIPASE; PROTEASES; and AMYLASE) by the EXOCRINE PANCREAS into the DUODENUM. This condition is often associated with CYSTIC FIBROSIS and with chronic PANCREATITIS.
Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
The insertion of a tube into the stomach, intestines, or other portion of the gastrointestinal tract to allow for the passage of food products, etc.
Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
A PEPTIC ULCER located in the DUODENUM.
Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.
A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.
The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.
A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.
An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.
Abnormal increase of EOSINOPHILS in the blood, tissues or organs.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
Pathological processes of the LIVER.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS, characterized by enlarged cells bearing intranuclear inclusions. Infection may be in almost any organ, but the salivary glands are the most common site in children, as are the lungs in adults.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Those components of an organism that determine its capacity to cause disease but are not required for its viability per se. Two classes have been characterized: TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL and surface adhesion molecules that effect the ability of the microorganism to invade and colonize a host. (From Davis et al., Microbiology, 4th ed. p486)
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.

Dose-loading with hydroxychloroquine improves the rate of response in early, active rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized, double-blind six-week trial with eighteen-week extension. (1/2511)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) dose-loading to increase the percentage of responders or rate of response in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Two hundred twelve patients with early RA (mean duration 1.5 years) were enrolled in a 24-week trial. Patients were stabilized with 1,000 mg naproxen/day and then began a 6-week, double-blind trial comparing treatment with HCQ at 400 mg/day (n = 71), 800 mg/day (n = 71), and 1,200 mg/day (n = 66), followed by 18 weeks of open-label HCQ treatment at 400 mg/day. RESULTS: All patients had mild, active disease at the time of initiation of HCQ treatment (31-43% rheumatoid factor positive; no previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs; mean swollen joint count 8.6-10.4). Based on the Paulus criteria, response during the 6-week double-blind portion of the study was 47.97%, 57.7%, and 63.6% in the 400 mg/day, 800 mg/day, and 1,200 mg/day groups, respectively (P = 0.052). Discontinuations for adverse events were dose related (3 in the 400 mg/day group, 5 in the 800 mg/day group, 6 in the 1,200 mg/day group). Most involved the gastrointestinal (GI) system, with the background naproxen treatment possibly contributing. Ocular abnormalities occurred in 17 of 212 patients (8%) but were not dose related. CONCLUSION: Dose-loading with HCQ increased the degree of response at 6 weeks in this group of patients with early, predominantly seronegative RA. Adverse GI events were dose related, while adverse ocular events were not.  (+info)

Phase I trial of docetaxel with estramustine in androgen-independent prostate cancer. (2/2511)

PURPOSE: To evaluate the toxicity, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of docetaxel when combined with oral estramustine and dexamethasone in a phase I study in patients with progressive metastatic androgen-independent prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four men were stratified into minimally pretreated (MPT) and extensively pretreated (EPT) groups. Estramustine 280 mg PO tid was administered 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals on days 1 through 5, with escalated doses of docetaxel from 40 to 80 mg/m2 on day 2. Treatment was repeated every 21 days. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients were assessable for toxicity and 33 for response. In the MPT patients, dose-limiting myelosuppression was reached at 80 mg/m2, with six patients experiencing grade 3/4 granulocytopenia. In EPT patients, escalation above 70 mg/m2 was not attempted. Fourteen MPT (70%) and six EPT (50%) patients had a > or = 50% decline in serum PSA on two consecutive measurements taken at least 2 weeks apart. The overall 50% PSA response rate was 63% (95% confidence interval [CI], 28% to 81%). Of the 18 patients with bidimensionally measurable disease, five (28%; 95% CI, 11% to 54%) achieved a partial response. At the time of entry onto the study, 15 patients required narcotic analgesics for bone pain; after treatment, eight (53%) discontinued their pain medications. The area under the curve for docetaxel increased linearly from 40 to 70 mg/m2. At 80 mg/m2, the measured area under the curve was 8.37 (standard deviation, 0.724), which was significantly higher than the previously reported values. CONCLUSION: The recommended phase II dose of docetaxel combined with estramustine is 70 mg/m2 in MPT patients and 60 mg/m2 in EPT patients. This combination is active in men with androgen-independent prostate cancer.  (+info)

Outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness of unknown etiology associated with eating burritos--United States, October 1997-October 1998. (3/2511)

From October 1997 through October 1998, 16 outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness associated with eating burritos occurred in Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, North Dakota, and Pennsylvania. All but one outbreak occurred in schools, and most of the approximately 1700 persons affected were children. This report summarizes investigations of two of these outbreaks and describes the collaborative efforts of CDC, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to identify the etiologic agent(s); these outbreaks may have been caused by an undetected toxin or a new agent not previously associated with illness.  (+info)

Prescription of acid-suppressing drugs in relation to endoscopic diagnosis: a record-linkage study. (4/2511)

BACKGROUND: Although widely used, few data are available on the appropriateness of prescribing of acid-suppressing drugs (ASDs), despite guidelines on the investigation and treatment of dyspeptic patients. METHODS: We created a database of 62 000 endoscopy examinations and record-linked these to a prescribing database. Endoscopic diagnoses were classified into peptic, nonpeptic and others. The H2-antagonists, omeprazole and misoprostol, were studied. RESULTS: 35 000 patients had one or more endoscopies during 1978-93; two-thirds were over 45 years of age at first endoscopy. A quarter of all patients who had been endoscoped had consistently normal examinations. Peptic oesophageal pathology was the commonest positive finding. A quarter of those prescribed ASDs between 1989 and 1993 had been endoscoped between 1978 and 1993. In those with a peptic diagnosis prescribed any ASD, the pathologies found were: oesophageal (42.9%), duodenal (36.3%) and gastro-pyloric (21.3%). Patients prescribed omeprazole were more likely to have undergone endoscopy than those prescribed other ASDs, and they were also more likely to have peptic oesophageal pathology. Long-term prescribing (>56 days per year) occurred in two-thirds of patients prescribed ASDs and 40% had at least one endoscopy. In those prescribed short-term ASDs, 20% had undergone at least one endoscopy. Peptic and nonpeptic endoscopic pathology was associated with increased ASD prescribing, but a normal endoscopy did not reduce prescribing. CONCLUSION: ASD prescribing appeared to be mainly symptom-driven. Positive endoscopic findings increased the prescribing of ASDs, but normal findings did not reduce it.  (+info)

Childcare needs of female street vendors in Mexico City. (5/2511)

This article reports on strategies developed by female street vendors (vendedoras ambulantes) in Mexico City to ensure the care of their young children in the absence of a specific and operational government policy to fulfil this need. The information concerning child care and health was gathered by a survey of 426 street traders selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling in four of the administrative districts (delegaciones politicas) of Mexico City during 1990. It was found that, as mothers of young children, street vendors most frequently looked after their children personally on the street or left them with other members of the family. Related factors were availability of alternative child care providers in the family, the age of the children and working conditions of the mother. Children who remained on the streets with their mothers suffered more frequently from gastro-intestinal diseases and accidents than the national average. The incidence of acute respiratory diseases, however, was similar in the cases of maternal care in the street and care by family members in another environment. Existing public health measures show a greater concern for the health of food consumers than that of workers in this area. Current public policy seeks to regulate street vending activities and to concentrate traders in ad hoc areas and facilities. Our research results document the need for actions that can contribute to an improvement in the care and health conditions of these young children.  (+info)

Gastrointestinal illness in managed care: healthcare utilization and costs. (6/2511)

Identification of inefficiencies is a first step to improving the quality of gastrointestinal (GI) care at the most reasonable cost. This analysis used administrative data to examine the healthcare utilization and associated costs of the management of GI illnesses in a 2.5 million-member private managed care plan containing many benefit designs. An overall incidence of 10% was found for GI conditions, with a preponderance in adults (patients older than 40 years) and women. The most frequently occurring conditions were abdominal pain, nonulcer peptic diseases, lower GI tract diseases, and other GI tract problems. These conditions, along with gallbladder/biliary tract disease, were also the most costly. Claims submitted for care during GI episodes averaged $17 per member per month. Increasing severity of condition was associated with substantial increases in utilization and costs (except for medication use). For most GI conditions, approximately 40% of charges were for professional services (procedures, tests, and visits) and 40% of charges were for facility admissions. The prescription utilization analysis indicated areas where utilization patterns may not match accepted guidelines, such as the low use of anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy, the possible concomitant use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in patients with upper GI diseases, and the use of narcotics in treating patients with lower GI disease and abdominal pain. Also, there was no clear relationship between medication utilization and disease severity. Thus, this analysis indicated that GI disease is a significant economic burden to managed care, and identified usage patterns that potentially could be modified to improve quality of care.  (+info)

Early detection by ultrasound scan of severe post-chemotherapy gut complications in patients with acute leukemia. (7/2511)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute leukemia patients may develop life-threatening gut complications after intensive chemotherapy. We evaluated the role of abdominal and pelvic ultrasound (US) examination in early detection of these complications. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cohort of twenty adult acute leukemia patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy for remission induction entered the study. All chemotherapy regimens included cytarabine by continuous i.v. infusion for several days. RESULTS: Three patients had severe gut complications: 2 cases of enterocolitis and 1 case of gall bladder overdistension in the absence of calculi. In all cases the abnormality was documented by US examination: US scan showed thickening of the intestinal wall (two cases), and gall bladder overdistension with biliary sludge (one case). Immediate medical care included bowel rest, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, antimycotic treatment, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. All patients recovered from the complication. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: We believe that the favorable outcome obtained in our small series can be attributed to early diagnosis followed by appropriate treatment. Early recognition by US and immediate medical management can lead to complete recovery of severe intestinal complications in patients with acute leukemia undergoing intensive chemotherapy.  (+info)

Detection of cytomegalovirus in upper gastrointestinal biopsies from heart transplant recipients: comparison of light microscopy, immunocytochemistry, in situ hybridisation, and nested PCR. (8/2511)

AIM: To establish the diagnostic value of in situ hybridisation and the nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in detecting clinically relevant cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in upper gastrointestinal biopsies from heart transplant patients. METHODS: Test sensitivity and specificity for detection of CMV early gene RNA by in situ hybridisation and CMV intermediate early gene by PCR were established and then compared with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and immunocytochemical detection of CMV in order to establish the best pathological diagnostic approach. All investigations were carried out on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue. RESULTS: Nested PCR had the highest test sensitivity, followed by in situ hybridisation and immunocytochemistry with the same sensitivity; H&E had the lowest. H&E and immunocytochemistry were the most specific but both had a significant false negative rate which was less of a problem with PCR. However, PCR gave no other diagnostic information, and in situ hybridisation was no better than immunocytochemistry. Both in situ hybridisation and PCR were technically complex and more expensive. CONCLUSIONS: H&E and immunocytochemistry represent the best initial screen for CMV and other diseases in upper gastrointestinal biopsies from heart transplant patients. If H&E and immunocytochemistry were negative, nested PCR could significantly increase the diagnostic yield of clinically relevant CMV infection. In situ hybridisation appeared to have no advantages and some drawbacks compared with immunocytochemistry and PCR.  (+info)

Worldwide, gastrointestinal disorders are common complaints in the general population and must be monitored by community health care organizations [14, 15]. For this purpose, questionnaires can be very helpful because they are easy to use extensively, can gather a lot of information rapidly, and are relatively inexpensive (particularly in comparison to monthly check ups) [16-18].. In the present study, gastrointestinal complaints were reported by a very high proportion (81.9%) of shift-workers. This proportion was twice as large as that reported in a previous study in Korea [19]. This could be due to environmental factors, hospital organization, social factors, insufficient welfare facilities, inordinate hours of working or erratic shifts, or even perhaps inappropriate answers to various questionnaires. On the other hand, Scott and colleagues reported 75% of gastrointestinal complaints in night-workers [20].. In our population of nurses in Iran, the prevalence of GI symptoms was significantly ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Parkinsons Disease. AU - Pfeiffer, Ronald. PY - 2018/12/1. Y1 - 2018/12/1. N2 - Purpose of review: During the past 25 years, there has been an explosion of information regarding the occurrence of gastrointestinal dysfunction in Parkinsons disease. In this review, the clinical features of gastrointestinal dysfunction in Parkinsons disease will be described and information regarding the potential role of the enteric nervous system and the gut microbiome in the genesis of Parkinsons disease will be addressed. Recent findings: Recognition is growing regarding the role that gastroparesis and small intestinal dysfunction may play in Parkinsons disease, especially with regard to erratic responses to anti-Parkinson medication. The presence of enteric nervous system involvement in Parkinsons disease is now well established, but whether the enteric nervous system is the starting point for Parkinsons disease pathology remains a source of debate. The ...
Gastrointestinal Disturbances are any conditions related to the dysfunction of digestion. Chinese Medicine has successfully been treating these conditions for 3,000 years. Chinese Medicine works to create harmony in the digestive tract so that your body can efficiently absorb nutrients and restore your health.. For those who suffer from gastrointestinal related disorders and who have tried conventional treatment or are seeking a natural remedy, please give Chinese Medicine an opportunity to show its strength.. Some of the many conditions Chinese Medicine treats related to Gastrointestinal Disturbances are:. -Irritable Bowels (IBS ...
Functional gastrointestinal (GI) and motility disorders are the most common GI disorders in the general population. Functional GI disorders are disorders of gut-brain interaction.
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Gastrointestinal Problems - Upper Gi,Medical Illustration database of the best portfolios and stock images now features General and Commercial Illustration and illustrators. 8,000+ image database includes all types of subjects and features the largest directory of medical, science, and nature illustrators and illustration on the web.
Colic. Colic is a problem that affects some babies during the first 3 to 4 months of life. It can be very stressful and frustrating to parents. Healthcare providers have defined colic as prolonged or excessive crying in an infant who is otherwise well. The crying can be very loud and can last for several hours a day. Colic often starts by 3 weeks of age, is at its worst around 6 weeks, and gradually gets better by about 3 months of age. It is not clear what causes colic. Many people think that colic is caused by belly cramps or gas, but no one really knows for sure. Treatment for gas or changing formulas has not been shown to decrease crying in a colicky baby. Talk to your childs healthcare provider if you think there is a gastrointestinal problem making your baby fussy. Some of the reasons babies may have colic include the following: ...
Gastrointestinal problems in children with Downs syndrome by Dr Liz Marder This article was written for parents for the Down s Syndrome Association newsletter and is reproduced here with the permission
How are berries good for gastrointestinal problems? It can produce antioxidants for the gut, lower cholesterol, and keep arteries healthy. Click here!
Learn what different gastrointestinal problems a newborn can have and how to treat them. For more parenting resources, visit the MoBap Childbirth Center.
Gastrointestinal problems on WN Network delivers the latest Videos and Editable pages for News & Events, including Entertainment, Music, Sports, Science and more, Sign up and share your playlists.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The intestinal microenvironment and functional gastrointestinal disorders. AU - Barbara, Giovanni. AU - Feinle-Bisset, Christine. AU - Ghoshal, Uday C.. AU - Santos, Javier. AU - Vanner, Stepen J.. AU - Vergnolle, Nathalie. AU - Zoetendal, Erwin G.. AU - Quigley, Eamonn M.. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - For decades, interactions between the enteric neuromuscular apparatus and the central nervous system have served as the primary focus of pathophysiological research in the functional gastrointestinal disorders. The accumulation of patient reports, as well as clinical observations, has belatedly led to an interest in the role of various luminal factors and their interactions with each other and the host in functional gastrointestinal disorders. Most prominent among these factors has been the role of food. As a consequence, although not always evidence-based, dietary interventions are enjoying a renaissance in irritable bowel syndrome management. Not surprisingly, given its ...
Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Systemic Diseases. Sunday, March 18, 1:30 PM. Vancouver Convention Center. Room:. Moderator: Rhonda Yantiss, Cornell University, New York NY. GI Infections in the Immunocompromised Host.. Laura Lamps, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AK. Drug-induced Injury of the GI Tract.. David Owen, University of British Colombia, Vancouver, BC. Immunodeficiency Syndromes that Mimic Primary GI Disorders.. Susan Abraham, MD Anderson Medical Center, Houston, TX. Vasculitis.. John Hart, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL. Rodger C. Haggitt Memorial Lecture:. Cutaneous Manifestations of GI Disorders and Dermatologic Diseases that Affect the GI Tract. Bruce Smoller, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AK. ...
Epidemiological study on the Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, 978-3-659-49195-5, Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common in the community, are of chronic nature and pose a significant health care burden. The causes and pathogenetic mechanisms of FGIDs are not fully known. FGID are classified into three major domains: functional dyspepsia, functional bowel disorders including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and heartburn. The aim was to study the natural history of FGID in the Icelandic population over a 10-year period. Only one other study has been performed on FGIDs using the same methodology, in Olmsted County Minnesota, USA and thus providing the possibility of a direct comparison. Secondary objectives of the study were: 1) to compare the prevalence and stability of IBS according to the Manning criteria, Rome II, Rome III subtypes, and self-reported IBS over a 10 year period: 2) to study IBS and dysmenorrhea in women and to assess the change in IBS over menopause: 3) to study
Functional gastrointestinal disorders are common in children and adolescents with complaints of abdominal pain. Our brains and our GI tracts are closely connected (the mind-body connection). Functional GI conditions are due to a combination of extra sensitivity of the GI tract, with changes in the motility or movement of the digestive system. Our stomachs and intestines are moving food all the time, and some people feel this more intensely than other people. Its as if the volume has been turned up from their GI tract. When their brains receive these sensations, its reaction can change the motion of the GI tract. These conditions are common, sometimes run in families, and are usually found in individuals who are otherwise healthy. In children, that means they are growing well, have normal lab and x-ray results, and dont have alarm symptoms like blood in the stool, weight loss or fevers. The most common pediatric functional GI condition is functional abdominal pain. Children with this ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dietary lipids and functional gastrointestinal disorders. AU - Feinle-Bisset, Christine. AU - Azpiroz, Fernando. PY - 2013/5/1. Y1 - 2013/5/1. N2 - There is convincing evidence that patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) exhibit dysfunctions of the gut involving hypersensitivity and abnormal reflexes, so that physiological, normally unperceived, stimuli induce symptoms. The type of symptoms depends on the specific sensory-reflex pathways and region(s) affected. Fat modulates the responses of the gut to various stimuli, and some of these modulatory mechanisms are abnormal in patients with FGIDs. Indeed, laboratory-based studies have shown that the symptoms experienced by these patients can be induced, or exacerbated, by administration of lipids in amounts that are well tolerated by healthy controls, and, thus, demonstrate a hypersensitivity to lipid. Very few studies have evaluated dietary patterns and eating behavior in these patients, with often-conflicting ...
Causes of Gastrointestinal manifestations of cystic fibrosis, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
These findings do not support a distinct pathology unique to autism. Additionally, Wakefields original claim was essentially, MMR vaccination, then appearance of gastrointestinal symptoms, then regression into autism. So not only was Wakefields original claim roundly disproven, but Balzola et al.s findings do not indicate anything remotely descriptive of Wakefields original claim. This abstract also remains just that, i.e. an abstract presented at a meeting 5 years ago and has not gone through any peer-review, nor publication.. Finally, number 5, Galiatsatos et al., is a case report, featuring two adult patients with gastrointestinal problems and an ASD diagnosis. The authors call for more investigations in their discussion.. So what do we have here? Three (3) genuinely published cases of autistic adults who had consulted a doctor for gastrointestinal problems and were found to have gastrointestinal problems. One conference report from April 2005 that has not gone through peer review and ...
Rome Foundation Introduces New Clinical Tool for Diagnosis of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in The American Journal of Gastroenterology: Functional GI Disorders Are Common, Comprise about 40 percent of GI Diagnoses
BACKGROUND: Adults with Down syndrome (DS) are predisposed to syndromic and environmental gastrointestinal conditions. METHOD: In a hospital-based clinic for adults with DS, a chart audit was conducted to assess the range and frequency of gastrointestinal conditions. RESULTS: From January 2003 to March 2005, 57 patients attended the clinic, average age 37 years (range 17-63), 34(60%) male, and 12(21%) with a history of institutionalisation. Of these, 56 were found to have at least one gastrointestinal concern. Of the genotypic conditions, the prevalence was as follows: 6(12%) of 51 tested had likely celiac disease, 1(2%) had achalasia, 1(2%) inflammatory bowel disease, 1(2%) cholelithiasis, 2(4%) unexplained abnormal liver function tests, 1(2%) extrinsic oesophageal compression, and 5(9%) gastro-oesophageal reflux. Of the environmental conditions, 29(67%) of 43 tested had H. pylori infection; 13(25%) of 53 tested had hepatitis B infection (including 2 HbsAg positive, 0 HbeAg positive), 22(42%) ...
Treatment of psoriasis who have functional gastrointestinal disorder : Two Case Reports - functional gastrointestinal disorder;psoriasis;herbal medicine;skin disease;PASI;
Functional GI disorders are defined as Chronic abdominal symptoms without any structural abnormality. Common functional GI disorders are Functional Dyspepsia (FD), Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), and Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), affecting approximately 10%-15% of the population based on Rome criteria as abdominal pain or discomfort associated with altered bowel habits and disordered defecation. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is characterized by the symptoms of heart burn and regurgitation caused by reflux of stomach content ...
Functional GI disorders are defined as Chronic abdominal symptoms without any structural abnormality. Common functional GI disorders are Functional Dyspepsia (FD), Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), and Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), affecting approximately 10%-15% of the population based on Rome criteria as abdominal pain or discomfort associated with altered bowel habits and disordered defecation. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is characterized by the symptoms of heart burn and regurgitation caused by reflux of stomach content ...
Gastrointestinal dysfunction can wreak havoc throughout the body, and has been linked to allergies, arthritis, autoimmune disease, chronic fatigue, & more.
Nausea, abdominal discomfort, and other gastrointestinal symptoms are commonly reported by individuals after drinking alcoholic beverages. The alcohol itself may cause gastrointestinal problems by affecting the gastric emptying process. Researchers at the University Hospital of Heidelberg at Mannheim in Germany conduced a systematic study of the effects of ethanol, alcoholic beverages, and the non-alcohol components of alcoholic beverages on the gastric emptying of solid meals in the human body, and the results suggest that alcohol rehab may improve gastrointestinal problems (Franke et. al., 2005).. The researchers recruited 16 fasting, healthy, male participants who received once weekly 300 ml of pure ethanol, beer, red wine, glucose, and water in a random order. The solutions were given with either a low-calorie or high-calorie solid meal. Real-time ultransonography was utilized to directly view the gastric emptying process. The researchers point out that ultrasonography is simple, ...
Free Online Library: Self-expandable metallic stent application for the management of upper gastrointestinal tract disease.(Original Investigation, Report) by Turkish Journal of Surgery; Health, general Diagnostic imaging Health aspects Gastrointestinal diseases Care and treatment Research Gastrointestinal system Stent (Surgery) Usage Stents Surgical clinics
Evidence showing the effectiveness of psychopharmacologic and psychotherapeutic management of functional gastrointestinal disorders over standard medical treatment is increasing. 1
The prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children, particularly from Asia, is largely unknown. There are not many studies done in Asia especially using the Rome IV criteria. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in infants and young children in a representative sample in China. A prospective, cross-sectional, community-based survey was conducted among healthy infants and young children between the ages of 0-4 years in Jinhua and Shanghai, China. A total of 2604 subjects (1300 subjects from Jinhua and 1304 subjects from Shanghai) completed a validated questionnaire on pediatric gastrointestinal symptoms. FGIDs in infants and young children were diagnosed using the Rome IV criteria. According to the Rome IV criteria, the prevalence of having a FGID in Chinese infants and young children is 27.3%. Infant regurgitation (33.9%) was the most common FGID among the 0-6 months old while functional constipation (7.0%) was the most common among the 1-4 years old. Risk
Background:. Functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) is the most common gastrointestinal disease in daily clinical practice. The disease is symptomatic but has no identifiable cause by standard diagnostic tests such as endoscopy. It is characterized by its frequent relapses and thus the disease causes a significant level of stress and anxiety to patients. Due to the complexity and chronicity of the disease, it is believed that appropriate counseling on the nature and management of the disease is necessary to decrease patients anxiety level and improve quality of life.. Indication:. Patients who have symptoms suggestive of FGID including non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (NERD), functional dyspepsia (FD) or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).. Aim:. To validate the effectiveness of counseling in patients suffering from FGID.. Method:. Patients recruited to the study will follow the usual management of patients attending the Gastroenterology specialty clinic in Prince of Wales Hospital. ...
Pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders are common but hard to diagnose and require multimodal treatment that may include compounded medications.
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Identification of distinct upper lower gastrointestinal symptom groupings in an urban population. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
HIV itself can cause gastrointestinal disease. I have a patient who had a very similar experience. Eventually, her symptoms did resolve after the re-initiation of HIV therapy. Three weeks may not...
Just one drink per day for women -- two for men -- could lead to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and subsequently cause gastrointestinal symptoms like bloating, gas, abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea, according to the results of a new study unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterologys (ACG) 76th Annual Scientific meeting in Washington, DC.
Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms -- diarrhea, nausea, and stomach pain -- are among the most common problems that affect people with HIV. These symptoms can ...
Our busy modern lifestyles may be responsible for most cases of constipation. Insufficient fiber and water intake, not doing enough exercise, emotional and psychological problems can contribute to constipation. Persistent, chronic constipation may also be a symptom of health conditions including irritable bowel syndrome, colorectal cancer, diabetes, Parkinsons disease, multiple sclerosis, and depression. Some medications can also cause constipation which includes narcotic type painkiller and iron supplements.. Pilokare is an anti piles, anti-inflammatory, and antiprotozoal drug. It cures internal and external hemorrhoids, controls cramps, dyspepsia, flatulence, and nausea. It arrests bleeding from the bowel, wounds, and infections.. ...
The medication is an oral dose of human immunoglobulin, which contains antibodies to antigens that are thought to overstimulate the immune system and activate an autoimmune response. Some experts believe that the gastrointestinal problems and immune reactions may even be a cause or aggravator of autistic symptoms in some children.. We are not sure why so many kids with autism tend to have these problems, but we do know that digestive problems add to the stress these children and their families already experience in dealing with the autistic disorder, said Dr. Michael Aman, principal investigator of the study at OSU and leader of the Research Unit on Pediatric Psychopharmacology in the College of Medicine and Public Healths Nisonger Center.. The study is designed to determine whether the medication improves gastrointestinal function and assess any related effects on emotions and behavior. In hopes that relieving the gastrointestinal problems might also help the autism, measures of autistic ...
The dietary plan is suggested to deal with gastrointestinal problems. Its less fiber content and like the majority of diets, united nations-tasty.. Brat weight loss program is a bland-food diet frequently suggested for adults and children struggling with gastrointestinal problems. Included in this are ailments like dyspepsia, diarrhea and gastroenteritis.. The brat is really a mnemonic for Blueberry, Grain, Applesauce and Toast - or foods which are united nations-flavorful and also have low fiber content. These food types can help an individual get over gastrointestinal upset. Extension of the diet includes tea, yogurt, steamed chicken and tapioca.. Other bland foods can be included to the diet plan such as the saltine crackers, steamed taters or obvious soups. Milk products, sugary and fats ought to be prevented soon after vomiting and diarrhea because they trigger a lot of latter, as well as nausea.. The dietary plan includes binding foods which are lower in fiber and may help to make ...
Research has uncovered some factors associated with the expression of IBS. Several of these established links include a major stressful life event, chronic stress, a reported history of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, low birth weight, and environmental triggers such as infection with bacterial gastroenteritis. In some cases, IBS symptom intensity relates to the severity of the specific associated factor. To address some of these factors, and attempt to treat the associated IBS symptoms, a number of studies have examined various psychotherapy treatments, with mixed results.8 These approaches include relaxation training, dynamic psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, and combined psychotherapies. One thorough review published in 2003, showed psychological treatment may be effective for IBS, yet could not identify any one specific therapy to work any better than the others.9. Two recent notable studies with large sample sizes and rigorous methodology demonstrated encouraging results. The first ...
The first bowel movement of a newborn is called meconium. This is a sticky, greenish-black substance that forms in the intestines during fetal development. The baby may have several meconium bowel movements before this substance is completely gone from the babys system. After the first few days, normal bowel movements become yellow and formed in formula-fed babies. They may happen once or twice a day, sometimes more often. Breastfed babies tend to have soft, seedy, yellow-green bowel movements several times a day. They may be as often as every few hours with feedings. Babies with diarrhea have watery, very loose bowel movements that happen very often. A baby may or may not have signs of cramping with the diarrhea. Watery bowel movements and diarrhea in a newborn can quickly lead to severe dehydration. It should be treated right away. Talk with your babys healthcare provider if there is a change in your babys bowel movements or your baby develops diarrhea. If there is blood in the stool, call ...
Untreated acid reflux can cause serious health conditions. The general belief is that acid reflux is just an uncomfortable sensation that can be treated if it bothers the patient. But in reality untreated acid reflux can cause esophageal cancer, which is one of the most fatal cancers of gastrointestinal tract ...
However, during late childhood and early adolescence the adult features of myotonic dystrophy appear. Eye problems can be early on detected by the second decade and progressively muscles will be detected gradually weakening. No case of CMD has been found not to develop the adult version. OBrien reports that of 46 patients with CMD 4 died outside the neonatal period at 4, 18, 19 and 22 years. Four more were considered seriously disabled with a poor prognosis. Problems seen in this group of 30 were gastrointestinal Problems in 8 (Constipation and abdominal pain) Talipes in 5. None in the group had any children and males showed marked testicular tubular failure indicating significant reproductive problems. Thus, long-term prognosis from a medical viewpoint is not bright.. Reardon noted that because of gastrointestinal problems children with CMD will show a positive anal dilation test. This test is sometimes used to diagnosis sexual abuse. Parents with CMD should be aware of this information. ...
Stomach upsets and gastrointestinal problems are very common in Hong Kong. The main signs of gastrointestinal problems include vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and bloating, gas and inappetence. There are two main causes of gastrointestinal upset in Hong Kong - infection and irritation.
Apgar scoring. The Apgar score is one of the first checks of your new babys health. The Apgar score is assigned in the first few minutes after birth to help identify babies that have difficulty breathing or have a problem that needs further care. The baby is checked at one minute and five minutes after birth for heart and respiratory rates, muscle tone, reflexes, and color. Each area can have a score of zero, one, or two, with ten points as the maximum. A total score of ten means a baby is in the best possible condition. Nearly all babies score between eight and ten, with one or two points taken off for blue hands and feet because of immature circulation. If a baby has a difficult time during delivery, this can lower the oxygen levels in the blood, which can lower the Apgar score. Apgar scores of three or less often mean a baby needs immediate attention and care. However, only 1.4 percent of babies have Apgar scores less than seven at five minutes after birth.. ...
My Son Master ShivCharan aged 2 months was suffering from Stomach-ache and vomiting, where he was unable to express the pain in that teething age. Ultrasound and MRI scan were performed on my baby and diagnosed that he had a very severe problem-it is called Choledochal cyst, a by-birth problem where there is swelling of the bile duct (a tube that carries bile from the liver into the intestine ...
Cystic fibrosis is one of the more common life-limiting genetic diseases in South Africa. It is caused by the inheritance of at least two mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and is found in all of South Africas diverse population groups.
Answer 1 of 27: You have nothing to worry about regarding the Ritz Carlton food. It is the best of the best! I have visited the hotel many many times and never have had a problem. I a huge foodie and try everything. You can read numerous reviews here regarding...
Probiotics are common adjunctive therapy used in human and veterinary medicine, mostly intended for gastrointestinal diseases treatment or prevention. Lactic acid bacteria: Lactobacilli, bifid bacteria and enterococci and Saccharomyces boulardii, a subtype of the nonpathogenic yeast have been most frequently used as probiotic active ingredients. To become a recognized effective probiotic, a certain microorganism must fulfill many expectations, primarily the ability to survive gastrointestinal tract passage, adhere to epithelial cells and colonize intestines to present antimicrobial effect and inhibition of enteric pathogens. Prior to evaluation of clinical efficiency, it is advised to perform in vitro studies in order to identify potentially beneficial properties of probiotic organisms. An effective probiotic product could be of a great value in equine medicine, since both, adult horses and foals, frequently exhibit gastrointestinal problems. However, very little objective research has been carried out
Gastroenterology, Digestive and Gastrointestinal Conditions Conference scheduled on December 10-11, 2020 in December 2020 in Rome is for the researchers, scientists, scholars, engineers, academic, scientific and university practitioners to present research activities that might want to attend events, meetings, seminars, congresses, workshops, summit, and symposiums.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a set of complex neurodevelopmental disorders defined behaviorally by impaired social interaction, delayed and disordered language, repetitive or stereotypic behavior, and a restricted range of interests. ASDs represent a significant public health issue with recent estimates indicating that as many as 1% of children in the United States are diagnosed with an ASD.1,2 Many individuals with ASDs have symptoms of associated medical conditions, including seizures, sleep problems, metabolic conditions, and gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, which have significant health, developmental, social, and educational impacts. Gastrointestinal complaints are a commonly reported concern for parents and may be related to problem behaviors and other medical issues such as dysregulated sleep (ATN Annual Registry Report, unpublished data, November 2009).3 Despite the magnitude of these issues, potential GI problems are not routinely considered in ASD evaluations. This likely ...
Dalton C, Drossman D. Use of antidepressants in the treatment of IBS and other functional GI disorders. UNC Center for Functional GI and Motility Disorders. Available at: https://www.med.unc.edu/ibs/files/educational-gi-handouts/IBS%20and%20Antidepressants.pdf. Accessed May 18, 2016.. Functional abdominal pain syndrome. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder website. Available at: http://iffgd.org/lower-gi-disorders/functional-abdominal-pain-syndrome.html?showall=&start=1. Accessed May 18, 2016.. Irritable Bowel Syndrome. London Gastroenterology Centre website. Available at: http://www.gastrolondon.co.uk/treatment-for-ibs-visceral-hypersensitivity/. Accessed May 18, 2016.. Visceral hyperalgesia. Cincinnati Childrens hospital website. Available at: http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/v/visceral-hyperalgesia. Updated February 2015. Accessed May 18, 2016.. Visceral hypersensitivity. Royal Melbourne Hospital website. Available at: ...
Gastrointestinal diseases[edit]. Endoscopic image of peptic stricture, or narrowing of the esophagus near the junction with the ... Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)[edit]. A recent study of inflammatory bowel disease and Coeliac disease found that anti-tTG ... IBD was increased 10 fold in coeliac disease.[64] Inflammatory bowel disease consists of Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis ... However, GSEs' association with disease is not limited to common autoimmune diseases. Coeliac disease has been found at ...
Gastrointestinal disease and medications[edit]. Conditions such as ulcerative colitis or certain types of relapsing infectious ... A positive test can result from upper gastrointestinal bleeding or lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The common causes are: *2- ... Positive tests ("positive stool") may result from either upper gastrointestinal bleeding or lower gastrointestinal bleeding and ... Gastrointestinal blood loss[edit]. In healthy people about 0.5 to 1.5 ml of blood escapes blood vessels into the stool each day ...
Gastrointestinal diseases. *Alcoholic liver disease (ALD): *Alcoholic hepatitis. *Auto-brewery syndrome (ABS) ...
Gastrointestinal diseases: people with gastrointestinal disorders may be more risk of developing disorders eating practices ... Kleinman R (1 April 2008). Walker's Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease. PMPH-USA. ISBN 978-1-55009-364-3. Retrieved 9 April ... Some authors report that unresolved symptoms prior to gastrointestinal disease diagnosis may create a food aversion in these ... Healthcare professionals should screen for celiac disease with eating disorder symptoms especially with gastrointestinal ...
Gastrointestinal diseases. *Alcoholic liver disease (ALD): *Alcoholic hepatitis. *Auto-brewery syndrome (ABS) ... The fact that gastrointestinal surgery can lead to the development of WKS was demonstrated in a study that was completed on ... Failure in diagnosis of WE and thus treatment of the disease leads to death in approximately 20% of cases, while 75% are left ... Sergei Korsakoff was a Russian physician after whom the disease "Korsakoff's syndrome" was named. In the late 1800s Korsakoff ...
ISBN 978-0-8138-1531-2. Jenkins, Jeffery (1997). "Gastrointestinal Diseases". In Hillyer, E. V.; Quesenberry, K. (eds.). ... Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD), also known as viral hemorrhagic disease (VHD) or rabbit calicivirus disease (RCD), is caused ... "Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease: Viral Hemorrhagic Disease of Rabbits, Rabbit Calicivirus Disease" (PDF). CFSPH.IAState.edu. Iowa ... as it may hide signs of disease and is not considered a practical response for such a rapidly spreading disease. In the UK, ...
"Gastrointestinal Diseases". The Merck Veterinary Manual. Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2010-05-28. CS1 ... The sick animal should be kept in a cage by itself so that others do not catch the disease - wet tail can be very contagious so ... Baby hamsters are much more likely to get the disease than older hamsters. It is commonly found when the hamster is being ... Wet-tail or proliferative ileitis, is a disease of hamsters. It is precipitated by stress. Even with treatment, the animal can ...
Centre for Gastrointestinal (GI) Diseases. Location[edit]. The Hospital is located on SV Road, Near LIC Colony, Suresh Colony, ...
Sep 1990). "Bismuth therapy in gastrointestinal diseases". Gastroenterology. 99 (3): 863-75. PMID 2199292. "Bismuth ... Bismuth subsalicylate is used as an antacid and antidiarrheal, and to treat some other gastrointestinal symptoms, such as ... Douglas (January-February 1990). "Bismuth Subsalicylate: History, Chemistry, and Safety". Reviews of Infectious Diseases. 12 ( ... care/gastrointestinal/Pepto-Bismol_Original_Liquid.pdf Andrews, Philip C.; Deacon, Glen B.; Forsyth, Craig M.; Junk, Peter C.; ...
"Merck Veterinary Manual - Skin Diseases". Retrieved 9 January 2009.. *^ a b c "Merck Veterinary Manual - Gastrointestinal ... "Merck Veterinary Manual - Reproductive Diseases". Retrieved 9 January 2009.. *^ a b c d "Merck Veterinary Manual - Respiratory ... "Center for Disease Control. May 6, 2005. Retrieved 14 November 2008.. *^ "Signs and Symptoms , Rat-bite Fever (RBF)". www.cdc. ... "Merck Veterinary Manual - Generalised Diseases". Retrieved 9 January 2009.. *^ Krinke, George J. (15 June 2000). "History, ...
It can also arise as a result of other gastrointestinal diseases such as coeliac disease. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune ... Mouth diseases include tongue diseases and salivary gland diseases. A common gum disease in the mouth is gingivitis which is ... Main article: Gastrointestinal disease. Each part of the digestive system is subject to a wide range of disorders many of which ... Crohn's disease is a common chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can affect any part of the GI tract,[45] but it ...
See also: Gastrointestinal disease. The small intestine is a complex organ, and as such, there are a very large number of ... The small intestine or small bowel is an organ in the gastrointestinal tract where most of the end absorption of nutrients and ... "The human gastrointestinal tract-specific transcriptome and proteome as defined by RNA sequencing and antibody-based profiling ...
Gastrointestinal disease[edit]. The worms of S. mansoni and S. japonicum migrate to the veins of the gastrointestinal tract and ... Chronic disease[edit]. In long-established disease, adult worms lay eggs that can cause inflammatory reactions. The eggs ... Central nervous system disease[edit]. Central nervous system lesions occur occasionally. Cerebral granulomatous disease may be ... Human disease caused by parasitic worms called schistosomes. This article is about the disease. For the organism, see ...
In general, children and the elderly are at highest risk for gastrointestinal disease. In a study investigating the association ... "Digestive Disorders & Gastrointestinal Diseases , Cleveland Clinic". Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved 2017-04-24. Schwartz, J.; ... Neurological disorders are diseases of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them. The new study of more than 700 people ... This example is a small reflection of residents of the United States remain at risk of waterborne gastrointestinal illness ...
"Mycobiota in gastrointestinal diseases". Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology. 12 (2): 77-87. doi:10.1038/nrgastro. ... There are as many as sixty-six genera and 184 species in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy people. Most of these are in the ... Cui L, Morris A, Ghedin E (July 2013). "The human mycobiome in health and disease". Genome Med. 5 (7): 63. doi:10.1186/gm467. ... Wang ZK, Yang YS, Stefka AT, Sun G, Peng LH (April 2014). "Review article: fungal microbiota and digestive diseases". Aliment. ...
High level Candida colonization is linked to several diseases of the gastrointestinal tract including Crohn's disease. There ... "Candidiasis". Fungal Diseases. United States: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 13 November 2019. Retrieved 24 Dec ... Respiratory, gastrointestinal, and esophageal candidiasis require an endoscopy to diagnose. For gastrointestinal candidiasis, ... "Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus". Fungal Diseases. United States: Centers for Disease Control and ...
Mukherjee PK, Sendid B, Hoarau G, Colombel JF, Poulain D, Ghannoum MA (2015). "Mycobiota in gastrointestinal diseases". Nat Rev ... "Fungal Diseases." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 12 June 2015, www.cdc ... It is detected in the gastrointestinal tract and mouth in 40-60% of healthy adults. It is usually a commensal organism, but it ... This study demonstrated that members of families with multiple cases of Crohn's disease were more likely to be colonized by C. ...
Al-Toma A, Verbeek WH, Mulder CJ (2007). "Update on the management of refractory coeliac disease". Journal of Gastrointestinal ... In treated coeliacs, EATL may be preceded by refractory coeliac disease 1(RCD1) or, prominently, refractory celiac disease 2 ( ... Type II doesn´t show these associations and frequently presents with bulky disease. Early recognition of coeliac disease, ... See Coeliac Disease, HLA-DQ, HLA DR3-DQ2) A DQ isoform that appears to be responsible for EATL in the overwhelming number of ...
Benjamin L. Shneider; Sherman, Philip M. (2008). Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease. Connecticut: PMPH-USA. p. 751. ISBN 978-1- ... The portal vein or hepatic portal vein is a blood vessel that carries blood from the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, ... Dooley, James; Sherlock, Sheila (2002). Diseases of the liver and biliary system. Oxford: Blackwell Science. ISBN 978-0-632- ... Henryk Dancygier (2009). Clinical Hepatology: Principles and Practice of Hepatobiliary Diseases. 1. Springer Science & Business ...
"Bismuth therapy in gastrointestinal diseases". Gastroenterology. 99 (3): 863-75. doi:10.1016/0016-5085(90)90983-8. PMID 2199292 ... and should be used with caution in people with liver disease or kidney disease. It is grouped in pregnancy category C (risk not ... As an internal deodorant, it is commonly used by individuals who have had gastrointestinal stoma surgery, bariatric surgery, ...
"Merck Veterinary Manual - Skin Diseases". Retrieved 9 January 2009. "Merck Veterinary Manual - Gastrointestinal Diseases". ... "Merck Veterinary Manual - Reproductive Diseases". Retrieved 9 January 2009. "Merck Veterinary Manual - Respiratory Diseases". ... heart disease and stroke. Keeping rats as pets can come with the stigma that rats supposedly transmit dangerous diseases to ... This disease is fairly unnoticeable in the rat, but is characterized by the swelling of the site of the bite or scratch where ...
NCGS and celiac disease cannot be distinguished clinically because many gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal symptoms are ... Reported symptoms of NCGS are similar to those of celiac disease, with most patients reporting both gastrointestinal and non- ... It has been calculated that its application in secondary-care gastrointestinal practice would identify celiac disease in 7% of ... Is it in the gluten or the grain?". Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases (Review). 22 (4): 435-40. PMID 24369326. ...
"Gastric juice acidity in upper gastrointestinal diseases". World Journal of Gastroenterology (journal) (World J Gastroenterol ... Active gastrointestinal bleeding reduces accuracy of the test.[6] The specificity and sensitivity of this test is high compared ...
NCGS and celiac disease cannot be separated in diagnosis because many gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal symptoms are ... Is it in the gluten or the grain?". Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases (Review). 22 (4): 435-40. PMID 24369326.. ... Reported symptoms of NCGS are similar to those of celiac disease,[29][30] with most patients reporting both gastrointestinal ... Celiac disease[edit]. The main goal in diagnosing NCGS is to exclude celiac disease.[7][22] ...
Kastin DA, Buchman AL (2002). "Malnutrition and gastrointestinal disease". Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care (Review). 5 (6): 699- ... As underweight children are more vulnerable to almost all infectious diseases, the indirect disease burden of malnutrition is ... Overeating leads to many diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes, that may result in death. ... This conditions may include Crohn's disease or untreated coeliac disease.[4][9][52] Malnutrition may also occur due to ...
Kew, MC (September 2013). "Aflatoxins as a cause of hepatocellular carcinoma". Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases. ... Wannop, C. C. (1961-01-01). "The Histopathology of Turkey "X" Disease in Great Britain". Avian Diseases. 5 (4): 371-381. doi: ... "Definition of Aspergillosis , Aspergillosis , Types of Fungal Diseases , Fungal Diseases , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2017-05 ... "Disease X." Over the course of 500 outbreaks, the disease claimed over 100,000 turkeys which appeared to be healthy. The ...
Rana, Satya Vati; Malik, Aastha (2014-10-01). "Hydrogen Breath Tests in Gastrointestinal Diseases". Indian Journal of Clinical ... Rezaie, A (2017). "Hydrogen and Methane-Based Breath Testing in Gastrointestinal Disorders: The North American Consensus". The ... Digestive Diseases and Sciences. doi:10.1007/s10620-020-06623-6. ISSN 1573-2568. Retrieved 24 October 2020. CS1 maint: ...
Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases. 21 (1): 75-82. Perkins TA, de N Donaldson N, Hatcher NA, Swain ID, Wood DE ( ... The final 2% is associated with some type of disease that requires removal of the device and puts the patient at great risk. ... Patients in such a condition often suffer from gastrointestinal issues such as incontinence, diarrhea, or an inability to ... However, lumbar anterior root stimulators are not effective for all gastrointestinal issues. In the case of bladder control, ...
"Probiotics in the Treatment of Diverticular Disease. A Systematic Review" (PDF). Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases ... Ferguson LR, Laing B, Marlow G, Bishop K (January 2016). "The role of vitamin D in reducing gastrointestinal disease risk and ... Tursi, A (2015). "The role of colonoscopy in managing diverticular disease of the colon" (PDF). Journal of Gastrointestinal and ... Diverticulitis, specifically colonic diverticulitis, is a gastrointestinal disease characterized by inflammation of abnormal ...
Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. 318 (3): G554-G573. doi:10.1152/ajpgi.00223.2019. PMC 7099488. PMID 31984784.. ... It is commonly found when the ileum is abnormal or has been surgically removed, as in Crohn's disease, or cause a condition ... particularly in primary sclerosing cholangitis and inflammatory bowel disease, with varying results partly related to dosage.[ ... "Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease". Journal of Experimental Medicine. 215 (2): 383-396. doi:10.1084/jem. ...
Pollack, Andrew (29 January 2013) F.D.A. Approves Genetic Drug to Treat Rare Disease The New York Times, Retrieved 31 January ... Bile acid sequestrants may cause gastrointestinal problems and may also reduce the absorption of other drugs and vitamins from ... the cholesterol with the strongest links to vascular diseases. In studies using standard doses, statins have been found to ...
Impairs endothelial function in healthy HIV-negative men and may accelerate atherosclerotic disease.[10] ... Gastrointestinal disturbances (abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting)[4]. *General malaise and fatigue[4] ... It significantly increased life expectancies and decreased noticeable symptoms from infectious diseases that were the result of ... but it can extend the length of a person's life for several years by slowing the progression of the disease. The type that is ...
"Ebola Virus Disease". SRHD. Retrieved 15 September 2020.. *^ a b c d "Q&A on Transmission, Ebola". Centers for Disease Control ... it is usually in the gastrointestinal tract.[35] The incidence of bleeding into the gastrointestinal tract was reported to be ~ ... "About Ebola Virus Disease". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. ... "Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Transmission". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 5 November 2014. Archived from the ...
... coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, because they ate mostly lean meats and plants and frequently engaged in ... allowing them to shrink the size of the gastrointestinal tract relative to body mass and to increase the brain mass instead.[ ... caused by other factors such as disease and overhunting by humans.[16][17] New research suggests that the extinction of the ... It is also unlikely that Paleolithic hunter-gatherers were affected by modern diseases of affluence such as type 2 diabetes, ...
This article is about a skin disease common during adolescence. For other acneiform skin diseases, see Acne (disambiguation). ... appears to have similar efficacy to 100 milligrams daily and has fewer gastrointestinal side effects.[15] However, low-dose ... Disease Primers. 1: 15033. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2015.33. PMID 27227877.. *^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions: Acne" (PDF). U.S. ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ...
It is often described as being "a disease of the diseased", occurring in the very young, the very old, or the very sick. ... or gastrointestinal candida overgrowth, which are medically unrecognized conditions. (See: Alternative medicine in Candidiasis ... Candidiasis can be a marker for underlying disease, so the overall prognosis may also be dependent upon this. For example, a ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. p. 308. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. OCLC ...
SP concentrations cannot yet be used to diagnose disease clinically or gauge disease severity. It is not yet known whether ... Entamoeba histolytica is a unicellular parasitic protozoan that infects the lower gastrointestinal tract of humans. The ... Microbial Toxins and Diarrhoeal Disease. Ciba Found. Symp. 112. pp. 139-54. doi:10.1002/9780470720936.ch8. PMID 2861068.. ... Quantification in diseaseEdit. Elevation of serum, plasma, or tissue SP and/or its receptor (NK1R) has been associated with ...
"Investigation of liver and biliary disease". BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 322 (7277): 33-6. doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7277.33. PMC ... Gastrointestinal (GI). tract. Upper GI tract. *Nausea/Vomiting. *Heartburn. *Dysphagia (Oropharyngeal, Esophageal) ...
Coccidians in the genus Aggregata living in the gut cause severe disease to the host. Octopuses have an innate immune system, ... From there it is transferred to the gastrointestinal tract, which is mostly suspended from the roof of the mantle cavity by ... The diseases and parasites that affect octopuses have been little studied, but cephalopods are known to be the intermediate or ...
Mandel SJ, Brent GA, Larsen PR (September 1993). "Levothyroxine therapy in patients with thyroid disease". Annals of Internal ... Absorption of orally administered levothyroxine from the gastrointestinal tract ranges from 40 to 80%, with the majority of the ... For older people (over 50 years old) and people with known or suspected ischemic heart disease, levothyroxine therapy should ... Levothyroxine is also used as interventional therapy in people with nodular thyroid disease or thyroid cancer to suppress ...
There are many diseases that affect the gastrointestinal system. Doctors who study the gastrointestinal tract are called ... The gastrointestinal system is the body system that eats and digests food; it is also called a digestive system. By breaking ... Le 'systema gastrointestinal o le apparato digestive es le systema corpore que ede e digere alimento; etiam es nominate systema ... The gastrointestinal system starts at the lips and ends at the anus. Animals like worms, insects, mammals, birds, fish, and ...
... subluxation is the sole cause of disease and manipulation is the cure for all diseases of the human race.[4][41] A 2003 ... gastrointestinal disorders,[131] kinetic imbalance due to suboccipital strain (KISS) in infants,[126][132] menstrual cramps,[ ... Palmer, a magnetic healer, hypothesized that manual manipulation of the spine could cure disease.[214] The first chiropractic ... A subluxated vertebra ... is the cause of 95 percent of all diseases ... The other five percent is caused by displaced joints ...
Significant diseases. Cancer, bone fractures. Significant tests. screening tests, X-ray, CT, MRI, PET, bone scan, ... Upper gastrointestinal series/Small-bowel follow-through/Lower gastrointestinal series. *Cholangiography/Cholecystography ...
a true active gastrointestinal bleed: vomiting blood, vomiting coffee-grind like material, defecating blood or black tarry ... Colorectal Disease. 10 (8): 789-792. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01381.x. PMID 17868406.. ... and you are concerned that Gastrointestinal malignancy may be the cause for their anemia;[4][5][6][7] ... which may be useful in case of fecal incontinence or neurologic diseases, including traumatic spinal cord injuries; ...
"PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (9): e1839. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001839. PMC 3459880 . PMID 23029594.. ... Infection typically occurs by direct or indirect exposure to animal excrement through the respiratory or gastrointestinal ... Descriptions of the disease date from the 1950s.[1] The virus was first described in 1969 from a case in the town of Lassa, in ... The disease is usually initially spread to people via contact with the urine or feces of an infected multimammate rat.[1] ...
These pollutants can cause gastrointestinal cancers and greater vulnerability to infectious diseases.[102] They can also be ...
Disease * sw:Disease. Dmitri Mendeleev * sw:Dmitri Mendeleev. DNA * sw:DNA. Dog * sw:Dog. Dome * sw:Dome. Domestic pig * sw: ... Human gastrointestinal tract * sw:Human gastrointestinal tract. Human rights * sw:Human rights. Hundred Years' War * sw:Hundred ... Sexually transmitted disease * sw:Maradhi ya zinaa. Shāhnāma * sw:Shāhnāma. Shanghai * sw:Shanghai. Shark * sw:Shark. Sheep * ... Alzheimer's disease * sw:Ugonjwa wa Alzheimer. Amazon River * sw:Amazonas (mto). American Civil War * sw:Vita vya wenyewe kwa ...
Mitchell misdiagnosed the disease that he observed and treated, and the disease was probably Weil's disease or hepatitis. See: ... and the gastrointestinal tract cause vomit containing blood, hence the Spanish name for yellow fever, vómito negro ("black ... "Infectious Diseases Related to Travel". Yellow Book. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on ... "PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (11): e1892. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001892. PMC 3486898. PMID 23133693.. ...
... gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts.The various diseases often overlap in clinical and histological presentation and, ... "Global Burden of Disease". W.H.O. Global Burden of Disease/en/. Retrieved 7 October 2015.. ... skin disease constituted approximately 2% of total global disease disability [36] as measured in disability adjusted life years ... "Disease List - U of U School of Medicine - , University of Utah". medicine.utah.edu. Retrieved 2017-02-05.. ...
Zeković, Djordje B. (10 October 2008). "Natural and Modified (1→3)-β-D-Glucans in Health Promotion and Disease Alleviation". ... "Understanding the Physics of Functional Fibers in the Gastrointestinal Tract: An Evidence-Based Approach to Resolving Enduring ... oat fiber β-glucan decreases blood levels of LDL cholesterol and so may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.[1] β- ... may reduce the risk of heart disease. A serving of oatmeal supplies 0.75 grams of the 3.0 g of β-glucan soluble fiber necessary ...
Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease.[3] There is also an interest in the military potential of biological neurotoxins ... Recreational exposure to cyanobacteria can result in gastro-intestinal and hay fever symptoms or pruritic skin rashes.[2] ... "Neurobiology of Disease. 25 (2): 360-366. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2006.10.002. PMC 3959771. PMID 17098435.. ... Byth S (July 1980). "Palm Island mystery disease". The Medical Journal of Australia. 2 (1): 40, 42. PMID 7432268.. ...
Microbial gastrointestinal flora in a variety of animals have shown potential for the production of biofuels. Recent research ... higher resistance to pests and diseases, and increased cold-weather tolerance.[109] ...
食道(英语:Esophageal disease). *食管炎(英语:Esophagitis) *食管念珠菌感染(英语:Esophageal candidiasis) ... 上消化道(英语:Upper gastrointestinal bleeding) *呕血. *黑粪症(英语:Melena) ... 病理/条件源/母体传递(英语:Template:Diseases of maternal transmission), 齐名(英语:Template:Eponymous medical signs for obstetrics) ...
Sleisenger, Marvin (2006). Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company. ... Mafuta ya ini (inajulikana pia kama ugonjwa wa ini kuwa na mafuta; kwa Kiingereza: Fatty Liver Disease; kifupi: FLD) ni tatizo ... 2.0 2.1 2.2 Angulo P (2002). "Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease". N. Engl. J. Med. 346 (16): 1221-31. doi:10.1056/NEJMra011775 ... Fatty liver disease and fatty acid oxidation". Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 290 (5): G852-8. doi:10.1152/ajpgi. ...
The initial site of infection may be the tonsils,[4] or possibly the gastrointestinal tract.[5] The virus then remains latent ... Zu Rhein, G.M.; Chou, S.M. (1965). "Particles Resembling Papova Viruses in Human Cerebral Demyelinating Disease". Science. 148 ... Zurhein, G; Chou, S. M. (1965). "Particles Resembling Papova Viruses in Human Cerebral Demyelinating Disease". Science. 148 ( ... the JC virus-induced demyelinating disease of the human brain". Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 25 (3): 471-506. doi:10.1128/CMR.05031-11 ...
... coronary heart disease, dimension, osteoporosis, eye disease, stroke cancer and rheumatoid arthritis and the influence of ... Aid natural growth and development (Deen & Hark, 2007) Maintain optimal functioning of nervous, gastrointestinal and ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014). Children eating more fruit, but fruit and vegetable intake still too low ... Development of chronic disease has become closely related to the consumption of fruits and vegetables throughout childhood ( ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and the GFDL; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details ...
Such injury could be the result of infection, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or other diseases.[1][4] ... "A biopsy-based quick test in the diagnosis of duodenal hypolactasia in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy". Endoscopy. 38 (7): ... Irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, milk allergy[1]. Treatment. Decreasing lactose in the ... GSD type III (Cori's disease, debranching enzyme deficiency). *GSD type VI (Hers' disease, liver glycogen phosphorylase ...
GAG - gamma globulin - gamma interferon - ganglion - GART - gastrointestinal (GI) - gene - gene therapy - genetic engineering ... efficacy - empirical - encephalitis - end-stage disease - endemic - endogenous - endoscopy - endotoxin - endpoint - enteric - ... NAT - National Cancer Institute (NCI) - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) - National Institute of ... HIV disease - HIV prevention trials network (HPTN) - HIV set point - HIV vaccine trials network (HVTN) - HIV-1 - HIV-2 - HIV- ...
The journal welcomes submissions on the physiology, pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, and therapy of gastrointestinal ... upper gastrointestinal disease), and colorectal adenoma and diverticula (lower gastrointestinal disease). Differences in the ... Predictors for Gastrointestinal Disease. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender (ORs = 2.02; 95% CIs = 1.83-2.23; , ... Obesity and Gastrointestinal Diseases. Ai Fujimoto,1,2 Shu Hoteya,1 Toshiro Iizuka,1 Osamu Ogawa,1 Toshifumi Mitani,1 Yuichiro ...
Purchase Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780128144688, ... It provides nutritional treatment options for those suffering from gastrointestinal diseases including Crohns Disease, ... Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases 1st Edition. Foods, Nutrients, and Dietary Supplements. 0 star rating Write ... Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases: Foods, Nutrients and Dietary Supplements provides valuable insights into ...
American trypanosomiasis Chagas disease is an important parasitic disease resulting from the infection with Trypanosoma cruzi ... Rego R.L., Martins I., Coelho J.M.C., Torres W. (2017) Chagas Disease, Gastrointestinal Aspects. In: Carneiro F., Chaves P., ... Chagas disease is an important parasitic disease resulting from the infection with Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), a ... PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6(5), e1644. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001644. Epub 2012 May 8Google Scholar ...
Diet is the primary treatment for celiac disease and following a gluten-free diet significantly reduces many symptoms of the ... Celiac Disease: Alleviating Gastrointestinal Symptoms Reviewed by Taylor Wolfram, MS, RDN, LDN Published September 13, 2017 ... People with celiac disease experience gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain and bloating, ... Also, some individuals with celiac disease experience other gastrointestinal problems such as irritable bowel syndrome and ...
All MeSH CategoriesDiseases CategoryDigestive System DiseasesGastrointestinal DiseasesEsophageal DiseasesBarrett Esophagus ... Gastrointestinal Diseases. Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. ... Stomach NeoplasmsZollinger-Ellison SyndromeIntestinal DiseasesCecal Diseases +Colonic Diseases +Duodenal Diseases +Dysentery + ... Enteritis +Enterocolitis +HIV EnteropathyIleal Diseases +Inflammatory Bowel Diseases +Intestinal AtresiaIntestinal Diseases, ...
Three surgical correctable diseases exist in relation to adrenal gland. The first is Cushings Syndrome, the second Conns ... Disease, and the third is from a tumor arising in the adrenal called a pheochromocytoma. Cushings syndrome is a clinical state ...
Diseases and Shift Work (Continued). Gastrointestinal Disorders. Compared with day workers, shift workers more frequently ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Diseases and Shift Work (Continuted), Gastrointestinal Disorders ... report gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms: abdominal pain, gas, ...
60 to 70 million people in the U.S. are plagued by gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. While most GI disorders present equally in ... Any of the primary or accessory organs of the digestive system can be affected by GI disease. ATCC provides a variety of cell ... Browse our collection of cell lines to find the perfect physiological model for your gastrointestinal cell needs. ... Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver caused by toxins, autoimmune disease, or, more frequently, hepatitis viruses. ...
Gastrointestinal Diseases and Disorders Clinical Research Trial Listings in Gastroenterology Hepatology (Liver, Pancreatic, ... Gastrointestinal Diseases and Disorders Clinical Trials. A listing of Gastrointestinal Diseases and Disorders medical research ... Advanced Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Imaging To develop new methods to detect malignant and premalignant conditions of the ... A Study of Randomized Sham-control Auricular TENS Unit Stimulation in Pediatric Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders The ...
Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Crohns Disease. Hugh J Freeman1,2 1Department of Medicine (Gastroenterology), University Hospital ... Hugh J Freeman, "Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Crohns Disease," Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 26-32 ...
Prior to the availability of potent antiretroviral therapy (ART), CMV gastrointestinal disease occurred in up to 5 percent of ... gastrointestinal disease is an uncommon but serious complication of AIDS. ... including the gastrointestinal tract [3]. CMV gastrointestinal disease was first reported as a manifestation of AIDS in 1983. ... AIDS-related cytomegalovirus gastrointestinal disease. Author. Mark A Jacobson, MD. Mark A Jacobson, MD ...
Learn about gastrointestinal and digestive disorders that might be afflicting your cat. Spot the symptoms and realize the ... What are gastrointestinal (GI) and digestive disorders?. Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders and diseases affect a dogs stomach ... Chronic GI disease can be a debilitating problem for many dogs and requires testing and a thorough diagnosis from your ... Types and causes of gastrointestinal and digestive disorders in dogs. There are many different types of digestive disorders so ...
Get disease information and learn how to meet the specific needs of GI patients. ... Gastrointestinal Disease Information. The digestive category has the second highest level of new cancer cases - and the second ...
... inflammatory bowel disease and stomach cancer. In order to determine the severity of gastrointestinal disease present, the vet ... Gastrointestinal disease in dogs can be either minor or more serious in nature. Dogs most commonly suffer from dietary ... This disease is characterized by inflammation of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. Pets suffering from gastroenteritis ... Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders in Dogs. The treatment of gastrointestinal disorders varies according to the type of ...
Vitamin B12 for Chronic Gastrointestinal Disease Vitamin B12 diagnostic use and therapeutic considerations in pets Cobalamin ( ... Diarrhea can be caused by diseases of the small intestine, large intestine or by diseases of organs other than the intestinal ... Several disease processes can cause serious problems due to dilation of the esophagus. ...
Learn about gastrointestinal problems and treatment options available today. ... NorthShores GI program offers quality care for gastrointestinal diseases. ... Gastrointestinal Diseases and Conditions. At NorthShore, we offer comprehensive care for an extensive range of gastrointestinal ...
From targeted assays for C. difficile to broad disease state panels covering community-acquired and persistent diarrhea ... xTAG® Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel. Instruments. ARIES® Systems. ARIES® Systems. VERIGENE® System. MAGPIX®. Luminex® 100/200 ... Our gastrointestinal testing platforms are scalable to fit low-volume labs, high-capacity reference labs, and everything in ...
Be gutsy and come learn about different diseases of the gastrointestinal tract with us! ... The second tube formed during embryonic development is the one that will form our gastrointestinal tract. It starts at the ... Be gutsy and come learn about different diseases of the gastrointestinal tract with us! ... The second tube formed during embryonic development is the one that will form our gastrointestinal tract. It starts at the ...
... has been recognized to have a causal role in the upper gastrointestinal diseases development, especially in chronic gastritis, ... This review chapter brings the principal characteristics of the diseases associated with H. pylori infection and summarizes ... peptic ulcer disease, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) and gastric adenocarcinoma. H. pylori is a spiral- ... Roesler, B. , Rabelo-Gonçalves, E. and Zeitune, J. (2014) Helicobacter pylori and upper gastrointestinal diseases: A review. ...
... diffuse disease which leads to a number of clinical challenges in diagnosing and monitoring disease activity. Learn More. ... Crohns Disease. Approximately two million people globally may be affected by Crohns disease.([FOOTNOTE=Kaplan G. The global ... LETS CONQUER CROHNS DISEASE. Crohns disease presents a number of clinical challenges in diagnosing and monitoring. Learn ... Crohns disease is a chronic, diffuse disease which leads to a number of clinical challenges in diagnosing and monitoring ...
... susceptibility to a vairiety of diseases.In this book poultry diseases that are directly related to the gastrointestinal tract ... as well as diseases that are not in direct connection, but that could be partially influenced by the intestinal health, are ... In this book poultry diseases that are directly related to the gastrointestinal tract, as well as diseases that are not in ... Poultry Diseases Influenced by Gastrointestinal Health. It is well known that colonization of the intestine with cemmensal ...
Learn about the different types of digestive disorders and gastrointestinal diseases from the Cleveland Clinic, including IBS, ... Can gastrointestinal disease be prevented?. Many diseases of the colon and rectum can be prevented or minimized by maintaining ... What are functional gastrointestinal disorders?. Functional disorders are those in which the gastrointestinal (GI) tract looks ... Gastrointestinal Disorders Gastrointestinal disorders include such conditions as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, ...
9781550092400 Our cheapest price for Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease is $32.18. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00. ... Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease. by Walker, W. Allan; Kleinman, Ronald E., M.D.; Sherman, Philip M.; Shneider, Benjamin L., ... This new edition of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease is dedicated to the maintenance of a comprehensive approach to the ... Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Diseases, and Principles of Therapy. Each author, selected because of their particular expertise ...
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Listen to Albireo Advances Pipeline for Rare Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases by RARECast for free. Follow RARECast to never ... Albireo Advances Pipeline for Rare Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases. by. RARECast. Follow. ... is developing bile acid modulators to treat PFIC and other rare pediatric liver diseases and gastrointestinal disorders. We ... The Benefits of an Open-Source Registry for Rare Diseasesadded. 1 week ago ...
the surgical management of Hodgkins Disease and non-Hodgkins lymphomas. Laparoscopic and open techniques are offered for the ... diagnosis and staging of these diseases. When indicated, more extensive resective and ablative procedures are available for ...
... content can lead to the identification of new potential biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis prediction of GI diseases ... Emerging Role of Extracellular Vesicles in Biomarking the Gastrointestinal Diseases Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2021 Jul 25;1-24. doi ... Keywords: Biomarker; exosomes; extracellular vesicles; gastrointestinal cancers; inflammatory bowel disease; liquid biopsy. ... 1 Basic and Molecular Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and ...
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... specimens of resected small and large intestine from fifteen patients with Crohns disease were prepared by heparin-saline ... Pathogenesis of Crohns disease: multifocal gastrointestinal infarction Lancet. 1989 Nov 4;2(8671):1057-62. doi: 10.1016/s0140- ... The findings suggest that Crohns disease is mediated by multifocal gastrointestinal infarction. This pathogenetic process is ... These features were confined to segments of intestine affected by Crohns disease and did not occur in normal bowel. ...
Digestive Diseases. Digestive diseases, also known as gastrointestinal diseases, are disorders that affect your esophagus, ... Continue Learning about Digestive Diseases. Do I Have Celiac Disease, Gluten Sensitivity, or a Wheat Allergy? ... AllergiesCancerCoronavirusDiabetes Type 2Heart DiseaseHypertensionQuitting SmokingWomens HealthSee All. ... AllergiesCancerCoronavirusDiabetes Type 2Heart DiseaseHypertensionQuitting SmokingWomens HealthSee All. ...
  • In: Carneiro F., Chaves P., Ensari A. (eds) Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. (springer.com)
  • 50 cells/microL, reactivation of latent virus causes a systemic disease that is characterized by intermittent or constant viremia which can lead to colonization or localized infections in one or multiple target organs, including the gastrointestinal tract [ 3 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • Inflammation or infection of the gastrointestinal tract, primarily the stomach and intestines. (hillspet.com)
  • This disease is characterized by inflammation of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. (vetinfo.com)
  • Diarrhea can be caused by diseases of the small intestine, large intestine or by diseases of organs other than the intestinal tract. (homevet.com)
  • The second tube formed during embryonic development is the one that will form our gastrointestinal tract. (khanacademy.org)
  • Be gutsy and come learn about different diseases of the gastrointestinal tract with us! (khanacademy.org)
  • In this book poultry diseases that are directly related to the gastrointestinal tract, as well as diseases that are not in direct connection, but that could be partially influenced by the intestinal health, are covered. (gumroad.com)
  • Functional disorders are those in which the gastrointestinal (GI) tract looks normal but doesn't work properly. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • A disease of anatomical entity that is located_in the gastrointestinal tract. (jax.org)
  • These conditions are thought to be triggered by allergic hypersensitivity to certain foods and an over-accumulation in the gastrointestinal tract of white blood cells called eosinophils, which are part of the body's immune system. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • Even though anatomically part of the GI tract, diseases of the mouth are often not considered alongside other gastrointestinal diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some diseases which involve other parts of the GI tract can manifest in the mouth, alone or in combination, including: Gastroesophageal reflux disease can cause acid erosion of the teeth and halitosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation of the stomach by infection from any cause is called gastritis, and when including other parts of the gastrointestinal tract called gastroenteritis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease is a condition of unknown aetiology, classified as either Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, that can affect the intestines and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), the microbiota provides various functions, such as digestion of essential nutrients and maturation of intestinal epithelial cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • A thorough understanding of the cutaneous/gastrointestinal (GI) relationship can alert the astute clinician to occult disease within the GI tract. (medscape.com)
  • This short communication will focus on emerging ideas concerning the contribution of the GI-tract microbiome to human neurological disease with emphasis on Alzheimer's disease (AD) wherever possible. (frontiersin.org)
  • Food allergy in children and adults may involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Glutamine is an amino acid that helps tissues, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract, recover from damage. (cochrane.org)
  • To achieve optimal nutrition, the movement of the meal through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is controlled by nutrient-triggered inhibitory feedback that slows gastric emptying and intestinal transit. (healio.com)
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a sign that there is a problem in digestive tract. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Oir GEDP team also conducts innovative research focusing on eosinophils' impact on the gastrointestinal tract. (childrenscolorado.org)
  • Studies center on the mechanisms that eosinophils relate to resident cells of the intestinal tract and how these relationships contribute to host health and disease. (childrenscolorado.org)
  • Doctors and patients have long known there's some connection between the gastrointestinal tract and Parkinson's. (nationalpost.com)
  • Infusion of donor ILC2s was effective in reducing the lethality of aGVHD and in treating lower GI tract disease. (jci.org)
  • Collectively, these findings suggest that infusion of donor ILC2s to restore gastrointestinal tract homeostasis may improve treatment of severe lower GI tract aGVHD. (jci.org)
  • Ringing Cedars Oil improves gastrointestinal tract functioning. (ringingcedarsofrussia.org)
  • Three months Ringing Cedars Oil Support program for gastrointestinal tract. (ringingcedarsofrussia.org)
  • Studying the role of mucosal adult stem cells in lung and gastrointestinal tract tissue repair and inflammation using 3D technology, and applying cutting edge technology to build assays for translational medicine. (edu.au)
  • With most of the digestive organs lying within the abdominal cavity, it is not unexpected for abdominal pain to occur after eating when there is a disease within the digestive tract. (healthhype.com)
  • Between 1940 and 1992, of some 2500 patients with Crohn's disease seen at this hospital, 15 are known to have developed carcinoma of the lower gastrointestinal tract. (bmj.com)
  • The clinical features and specific effects of malnutrition on the gastrointestinal tract and liver will be discussed along with diet therapy in gastrointestinal disease. (omicsonline.org)
  • Our study demonstrated significant associations between obesity and a number of gastrointestinal disorders in a large sample population in Japan. (hindawi.com)
  • Obesity is primary among the medical disorders composing metabolic syndrome and is associated with many gastrointestinal diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • A listing of Gastrointestinal Diseases and Disorders medical research trials actively recruiting patient volunteers. (centerwatch.com)
  • What are gastrointestinal (GI) and digestive disorders? (hillspet.com)
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders and diseases affect a dog's stomach and intestines, resulting in pain and other problems. (hillspet.com)
  • The treatment of gastrointestinal disorders varies according to the type of condition present. (vetinfo.com)
  • The prognosis for gastrointestinal disorders depends on initial response to medication and the presence of underlying health concerns. (vetinfo.com)
  • What are structural gastrointestinal disorders? (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Common examples of structural GI disorders include hemorrhoids, diverticular disease, colon polyps, colon cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Albireo, a 2008 spin-out of AstraZeneca, is developing bile acid modulators to treat PFIC and other rare pediatric liver diseases and gastrointestinal disorders. (mixcloud.com)
  • 1 Basic and Molecular Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (nih.gov)
  • Digestive diseases, also known as gastrointestinal diseases, are disorders that affect your esophagus, stomach and small and large intestines. (sharecare.com)
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders represent some of the most frequent complaints during pregnancy, possibly due in part to elevated levels of progesterone (eg, nausea/vomiting, gastroesophagel reflux disease [GERD]) and/or prostaglandins (diarrhea). (medscape.com)
  • The pathophysiology of this condition is debatable but has been attributed to hormonal fluctuations, gastrointestinal motility disorders, and psychosocial factors. (medscape.com)
  • Gastric acid is pathogenic in many gastrointestinal disorders, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease. (nih.gov)
  • Gastrointestinal diseases and disorders affect the throat, stomach, and intestines. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To study people who have gastrointestinal disorders and see if they are eligible for clinical trials. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Evaluate patients with gastrointestinal disorders. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • John Leung, MD , Director of the Center for Food Related Diseases at Tufts Medical Center, will serve as the site investigator of the Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers (CEGIR) , re-funded by the NIH grant to research eosinophilic gastrointestinal and allergic disorders and Dr. Leung will involve Tufts Medical Center patients in this research. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders are chronic inflammatory disorders. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • Marc Rothenberg, MD, PhD, director of the Cincinnati Center for Eosinophilic Disorders at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, is the principal investigator on the grant and states, "These are painful, chronic diseases that make it difficult and sometimes impossible for individuals to eat many or all foods. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • The CEGIR will also work with patient advocacy groups, including the American Partnership for Eosinophilic Disorders (APFED) , the Campaign Urging Research for Eosinophilic Disease (CURED), and the Eosinophilic Family Coalition (EFC), to address the clinical problems of most importance to patients and their families. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • Oesophageal diseases include a spectrum of disorders affecting the oesophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic diseases might include congenital diseases such as Zenker's diverticulum and esophageal webbing, and oesophageal motility disorders including the nutcracker oesophagus, achalasia, diffuse oesophageal spasm, and oesophageal stricture. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Program treats children and adolescents with eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs). (childrenshospital.org)
  • Also searched for National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases , Digestive System Disease , and Disorders . (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Such compounds have utility for treating or preventing gastrointestinal disorders, including colon cancer, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Dysfunction of these movements may be linked to the previously mentioned illnesses, as well as side effects of thyroid disorders, diabetes and Parkinson's disease . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Once I discovered and investigated the different types of gastrointestinal disorders, I gained an interest in the similar patterns experienced by those affected by digestive diseases. (medium.com)
  • and No. 7, Diseases and Disorders of the Hepatobiliary System and Pancreas. (rti.org)
  • aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Digestive Disorders and Gastrointestinal Diseases. (waset.org)
  • Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Digestive Disorders and Gastrointestinal Diseases are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (waset.org)
  • ICDDGD 2022 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Digestive Disorders and Gastrointestinal Diseases . (waset.org)
  • In older children and adults with eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders, the response to dietary restriction is variable. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Also, some individuals with celiac disease experience other gastrointestinal problems such as irritable bowel syndrome and inflammation of the colon. (eatright.org)
  • It is also where symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome , celiac disease , Crohn's disease and other gastrointestinal illnesses occur. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As I pivoted my project towards gastrointestinal diseases (GI), I dug deeper into the emotional patterns associated with Gastritis , Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) , Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), and Celiac Disease . (medium.com)
  • We included randomized controlled trials in humans that used a specified probiotic in the treatment or prevention of Pouchitis, Infectious diarrhea, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Helicobacter pylori , Clostridium difficile Disease, Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea, Traveler's Diarrhea, or Necrotizing Enterocolitis. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Six of the eight diseases: Pouchitis, Infectious diarrhea, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Helicobacter pylori , Clostridium difficile Disease, and Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea, showed positive significant effects. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Janice M. Joneja is an adjunct professor in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of British Columbia, and Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, U.K.Joneja, Janice Vickerstaff is the author of 'Digestion, Diet, and Disease Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Gastrointestinal Function' with ISBN 9780813533872 and ISBN 0813533872. (valorebooks.com)
  • It provides nutritional treatment options for those suffering from gastrointestinal diseases including Crohn's Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Ulcerative Colitis and Allergies, among others. (elsevier.com)
  • Dogs most commonly suffer from dietary intolerance, toxicity due to ingestion of poisonous substances, inflammatory bowel disease and stomach cancer. (vetinfo.com)
  • Endoscopic mucosal healing predicts favorable clinical outcomes in inflammatory bowel disease: a meta-analysis. (medtronic.com)
  • Ask your veterinarian what specific GI disease is present adverse food reaction, food allergy, fiber-responsive diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease, colitis, or protein-losing disease. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Infectious disease may be treated with targeted antibiotics, and inflammatory bowel disease with immunosuppression. (wikipedia.org)
  • From left to right: onion, ginger, garlic, fresh turmeric Anti-inflammatory foods are often discussed by people with chronic inflammatory diseases. (cysticfibrosis.com)
  • Synthesis, kinetic studies and pharmacological evaluation of mutual azo prodrug of 5-aminosalicylic acid with D-phenylalanine for colon specific drug delivery in inflammatory bowel disease", "Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters", Jan. 19, 2007, pp. 1897-1902, vol. 17. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Acute abdominal and pelvic conditions that can be rapidly diagnosed with MRI include choledocholithiasis, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, bowel inflammation in the setting of inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) and appendicitis. (appliedradiology.com)
  • 5,8 Another subset of patients who undergo numerous CT scans for recurring abdominal pain are patients with inflammatory bowel disease. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The human intestine is the site of debilitating, prevalent and life threatening conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer. (humaneresearch.org.uk)
  • Food allergies, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), diarrhea and other gastrointestinal diseases have something in common: all have been linked to epithelial barrier loss. (healthcanal.com)
  • This represents a completely novel, non-toxic approach to intestinal barrier restoration and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease," said corresponding author Jerrold Turner, MD, PhD, of the Department of Pathology at the Brigham. (healthcanal.com)
  • In mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease and diarrhea, Divertin corrected barrier dysfunction and reduced disease severity. (healthcanal.com)
  • In western civilization, there has been an increase in gut-related health problems, such as autoimmune and inflammatory diseases [6] . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Although an increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during etanercept (ETN) use is included in the product information of ETN, no other gastro-intestinal (GI-)adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are described. (bmj.com)
  • All reported GI-ADRs attributed to ETN and ADA for patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRDs) were selected. (bmj.com)
  • ANCHOR=],[LINK=]) Crohn's disease is primarily characterized by mucosal inflammation and ulceration. (medtronic.com)
  • There is intense interest in understanding the mechanisms by which the gut epithelial lining senses the presence of bacteria and keeps them at bay, as it is thought that when these mechanisms fail it can lead to the onset of inflammation and disease. (humaneresearch.org.uk)
  • Together, the Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Diseases Program and Mucosal Inflammation Program include a unique blend of basic and clinical investigators. (childrenscolorado.org)
  • But in some people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, the fat that accumulates can cause inflammation and scarring in the liver. (reportlinker.com)
  • The gut epithelial barrier-that critical lining of cells in the gut that must allow nutrients into the body while keeping food-borne microbes out-can be compromised during intestinal inflammation and cause disease. (healthcanal.com)
  • This therapeutic approach may help break the cycle of inflammation that drives so many chronic diseases. (healthcanal.com)
  • PhD projects are available to work with Dr. Gerard Kaiko and Professor Paul Foster examining the function of adult airway and intestinal stem cells in tissue regeneration, and response to inflammation in respiratory diseases (such as asthma and cystic fibrosis) and gastrointestinal diseases (such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis). (edu.au)
  • See 'AIDS-related cytomegalovirus neurologic disease' and 'Pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of AIDS-related cytomegalovirus retinitis' and 'Cytomegalovirus infection as a cause of pulmonary disease in HIV-infected patients' . (uptodate.com)
  • Most cases of end organ disease now occur in patients who are not receiving ART, either due to late diagnosis of HIV disease or poor adherence to prescribed therapy. (uptodate.com)
  • Chronic GI disease can be a debilitating problem for many dogs and requires testing and a thorough diagnosis from your veterinarian. (hillspet.com)
  • Learn about the benefits of capsule endoscopy from diagnosis to disease management. (medtronic.com)
  • Specific sections deal with Physiology and Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation of Disease, Clinical Manifestations and Management (discussing the Mouth and Esophagus, The Stomach and Duodenum, The Intestine, and The Pancreas), Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Diseases, and Principles of Therapy. (ecampus.com)
  • Laparoscopic and open techniques are offered for the diagnosis and staging of these diseases. (upenn.edu)
  • Furthermore, this review highlights the importance and unique role of EVs in the development and progression of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, especially GI cancers, and then discusses their potential use, particularly those isolated from body fluids, in diagnosis and prognosis of GI diseases. (nih.gov)
  • In-depth analysis of EV content can lead to the identification of new potential biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis prediction of GI diseases. (nih.gov)
  • Meticulous updates throughout include the latest approaches and improvements in gastrointestinal and liver disease diagnosis and therapy as well as hundreds of images and 35 new procedural videos. (elsevier.com)
  • Pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of food protein-induced gastrointestinal diseases. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • A definitive diagnosis of gastrointestinal food allergy, however, still relies on formal food challenges. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Early diagnosis and treatment of food protein-induced gastrointestinal diseases may prevent significant nutritional complications. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Heine, Ralf G.. "Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Food Protein-induced Gastrointestinal Diseases. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of food protein-induced gastrointestinal diseases. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Gastrointestinal Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. (annals.org)
  • Incorporate the latest findings and improvements in care for liver disease patients -from diagnosis and treatment through post-treatment strategies and management of complications. (ebooks.com)
  • Diet is the primary treatment for celiac disease and following a gluten-free diet significantly reduces many symptoms of the condition. (eatright.org)
  • People with celiac disease experience gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain and bloating, and nausea and vomiting. (eatright.org)
  • However, strictly following a gluten-free diet resolves abdominal pain and bloating symptoms in a vast majority - up to 97 to 100 percent - of people with celiac disease. (eatright.org)
  • Celiac disease can slow the speed at which food travels through the stomach and intestine, which may cause discomfort that results in nausea or vomiting - symptoms reported in up to 44 percent of people with the disease. (eatright.org)
  • Diarrhea is one of the most common and distressing symptoms among individuals with celiac disease. (eatright.org)
  • A small number of individuals with celiac disease may struggle with continuing symptoms, such as diarrhea or constipation, even after several months of faithfully following a gluten-free diet. (eatright.org)
  • The symptoms vary according to the type and severity of gastrointestinal disease that develops. (vetinfo.com)
  • The symptoms of digestive diseases vary widely depending on which part of your digestive system is affected. (sharecare.com)
  • This article focuses on common GI symptoms during pregnancy and the common GI diseases that can be challenging to manage during pregnancy. (medscape.com)
  • Chronic or congenital diseases might be investigated using barium swallows, endoscopy and biopsy, whereas acute diseases such as reflux may be investigated and diagnosed based on symptoms and a medical history alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other common symptoms that stomach disease might cause include indigestion or dyspepsia, vomiting, and in chronic disease, digestive problems leading to forms of malnutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosing GI (gastrointestinal) disease in dogs and cats is not always a quick process because most conditions (and there are a lot of them) cause similar symptoms - namely some combination of vomiting, diarrhea, poor appetite, and/or weight loss. (petmd.com)
  • Here's how I go about diagnosing a patient who has symptoms consistent with GI disease. (petmd.com)
  • Cystic Fibrosis symptoms manifest in many ways, including gastrointestinal problems. (cysticfibrosis.com)
  • Patients with cirrhosis frequently experience gastrointestinal symptoms [ 1 , 2 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Many joined forums to express their sadness, anger, frustration, nuisances, and dispair in regards to symptoms of gastrointestinal. (medium.com)
  • EGIDs are a group of diseases characterized by a wide variety of gastrointestinal symptoms including vomiting, swallowing problems, food impaction, abdominal pain, diarrhea, slow growth and bleeding. (childrenscolorado.org)
  • These symptoms occur in combination with increased numbers of eosinophils in the gastrointestinal lining. (childrenscolorado.org)
  • The article focuses on a study which examined the effects of gluten in patients with self-reported non-celiac gluten sensitivity and with presumed gluten-induced gastrointestinal symptoms. (ebscohost.com)
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is common and, for most people, causes no signs and symptoms and no complications. (reportlinker.com)
  • Other health issues can resemble or be present in addition to celiac disease, including small intestinal bacterial overgrowth - the most common - as well as malabsorption of a naturally occurring sugar in milk (lactose) or a naturally occurring sugar found in fruit (fructose), or a parasite infestation. (eatright.org)
  • The opposite situation, a delayed intestinal colonization or sudden changes in an established intestinal microflora, are often related with diarrhoea, poor nutrient absorption and increased susceptibility to a vairiety of diseases. (gumroad.com)
  • The Gastrointestinal Surgery team provides surgical interventions for patients living with a wide range of intestinal diseases and illnesses. (nwh.org)
  • The major abnormalities are altered gastrointestinal motility, disrupted gut barrier function with increased intestinal permeability and malabsorption. (omicsonline.org)
  • Various abnormalities in gastrointestinal structure and function have been described in patients with liver cirrhosis, including altered gastrointestinal motility, intestinal permeability and absorption. (omicsonline.org)
  • The mechanisms underlying the abnormal gastric emptying and intestinal transit in patients with chronic liver disease remain unclear. (omicsonline.org)
  • Ian Carroll conducts research to determine the mechanisms through which the intestinal microbiota or its metabolites influence gastrointestinal physiology, behavior, and adiposity/weight regulation with a view to developing novel nutritional-based therapies for disease. (unc.edu)
  • He has used molecular techniques to characterize the intestinal microbiota in humans and mouse models of intestinal diseases. (unc.edu)
  • All grazing horses are exposed to intestinal parasites, which have the potential to cause gastrointestinal disease. (slu.se)
  • Special attention is given to dietary supplements, intestinal failure, food allergies, metabolic bone disease, and food safety as related to a potential bioterrorist attack. (annals.org)
  • Our study indicates that MLCK1 is a viable target for preserving epithelial barrier function in intestinal diseases and beyond," said Turner. (healthcanal.com)
  • Metabolomics as a Functional Tool in Screening Gastro Intestinal Diseases: Where are we in High Throughput Screening? (chemie.de)
  • Abstract: Identifying novel bio markers in gastro intestinal disease is a promising method where a comprehensive analysis of the metabolome is performed. (chemie.de)
  • Metabolomics has evolved enormously in the past decade, paving a path in gastro intestinal disease research, especially diseases which lead to high morbidity and mortality. (chemie.de)
  • In light of escalating health care costs and risky invasive procedures, metabolomics can be chosen as a safe yet precise method for screening diseases like ulcerative colitis, Crohns' disease, celiac disease, and gastro intestinal cancers. (chemie.de)
  • Research also indicates that constipation is more common among people with celiac disease, and generally improves following a gluten-free diet. (eatright.org)
  • In one study of individuals with celiac disease, 39 percent of participants reported problems with constipation before following a gluten-free diet. (eatright.org)
  • Diseases of the intestine may cause vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation, and altered stool, such as with blood in stool. (wikipedia.org)
  • PFIC is a rare genetic disorder that causes progressive, life-threatening liver disease. (mixcloud.com)
  • Does your pet have any other health issues that may influence the diet choice kidney disease, liver problems? (1800petmeds.com)
  • Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease", by Drs. Robert Wyllie and Jeffrey S. Hyams provides the comprehensive reference you need to treat GI diseases in children. (platekompaniet.no)
  • Now in its 10th edition, Sleisenger and Fordtran s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease remains your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of gastroenterology and hepatology. (elsevier.com)
  • Much of our research in diseases of the colon, stomach and liver are to provide patients with hope and optimism as we learn more about the most effective treatments for these conditions. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • We are particularly interested in projects related to our theme of homeostasis, injury and repair as it relates to digestive and liver diseases. (unc.edu)
  • Huynh D, Nguyen NQ (2015) Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Chronic Liver Disease. (omicsonline.org)
  • Gastrointestinal dysfunction frequently occurs in liver cirrhosis and increases with disease severity. (omicsonline.org)
  • Not only does the presence of these gut abnormalities impair oral intake and lead to malnutrition, they can play a central role in the pathogenesis of many of the complications of liver cirrhosis as well as liver disease progression. (omicsonline.org)
  • The aim of this paper is review the details of gastrointestinal dysfunction in chronic liver disease and the associated impact on the clinical outcomes. (omicsonline.org)
  • While these changes may not be as clinically overt as other common complications of chronic liver disease, they not only influence nutritional status, but can also contribute to clinical complications such as hepatic encephalopathy and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. (omicsonline.org)
  • Disruption of the gut barrier function has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis in alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. (omicsonline.org)
  • This review aims to highlight the abnormalities in gastrointestinal function that are commonly observed in patients with chronic liver disease and their impact on the overall outcomes in these patients ( Figure 1 ). (omicsonline.org)
  • Gastrointestinal dysfunction in liver cirrhosis. (omicsonline.org)
  • The rate of gastric emptying in chronic liver disease appears to be influenced by age and disease severity based on Childs-Pugh Score [ 3 ], albumin, bilirubin, prothrombin time and platelet count [ 19 , 20 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Aetiology of liver disease may also impact on the rate of gastric emptying, with increased gastrointestinal transit in non-cirrhotic portal hypertension disease and slower transit in alcoholic liver disease [ 21 , 22 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • We describe the association between a population's demographic, socioeconomic, and medical resources and hospital use related to gastrointestinal and liver diseases. (rti.org)
  • This latest Pharmaceutical and Healthcare disease pipeline guide Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Drugs in Development, 2021, provides an overview of the Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal) pipeline landscape. (reportlinker.com)
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common causes of chronic liver disease. (reportlinker.com)
  • Pharmaceutical and Healthcare latest pipeline guide Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Drugs in Development, 2021, provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal), complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type. (reportlinker.com)
  • The Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal) pipeline guide also reviews of key players involved in therapeutic development for Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and features dormant and discontinued projects. (reportlinker.com)
  • Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal) pipeline guide helps in identifying and tracking emerging players in the market and their portfolios, enhances decision making capabilities and helps to create effective counter strategies to gain competitive advantage. (reportlinker.com)
  • The pipeline guide provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal). (reportlinker.com)
  • The pipeline guide reviews pipeline therapeutics for Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal) by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources. (reportlinker.com)
  • The pipeline guide reviews key companies involved in Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal) therapeutics and enlists all their major and minor projects. (reportlinker.com)
  • The pipeline guide evaluates Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal) therapeutics based on mechanism of action (MoA), drug target, route of administration (RoA) and molecule type. (reportlinker.com)
  • Find and recognize significant and varied types of therapeutics under development for Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (Gastrointestinal). (reportlinker.com)
  • In this regard it is noted that, at the present time, there is an ever greater prevalence of diseases of those organs and systems that perform barrier functions and participate in the preservation of the cleanliness of the organism's internal environment - organs of the respiratory, digestive, excretory, lymphatic, and immune systems, as well as the liver and skin. (ringingcedarsofrussia.org)
  • Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease is a textbook on hepatology and gastroenterology for medical students, internists, and surgeons. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease (CGIBD), a joint program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, awards pilot/feasibility grants each year in a competitive application process. (unc.edu)
  • Preference will be given to proposals that (1) appear likely to result in findings that will allow the investigator to successfully compete for subsequent independent funding and (2) are related to research directions of the UNC Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease. (unc.edu)
  • Approximately two million people globally may be affected by Crohn's disease. (medtronic.com)
  • Capsule endoscopy findings in patients with established and suspected small-bowel Crohn's disease. (medtronic.com)
  • Regardless of whether they have surgery, 28-45% of patients have a clinical recurrence at 5 years and 36-61% at 10 years ([FOOTNOTE=Buisson A, Chevaux JB, Allen PB, Bommelaer G, Peyrin-Biroulet L. Review article: the natural history of postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence. (medtronic.com)
  • Crohn's disease presents a number of clinical challenges in diagnosing and monitoring. (medtronic.com)
  • In a prospective study, specimens of resected small and large intestine from fifteen patients with Crohn's disease were prepared by heparin-saline vascular perfusion, followed by either resin casting of the mesenteric vascular supply and tissue maceration or glutaraldehyde perfusion-fixation, resin casting, and tissue clearance. (nih.gov)
  • A pathogenetic sequence of events in Crohn's disease was seen--vascular injury, focal arteritis, fibrin deposition, arterial occlusion mainly at the level of the muscularis propria, followed by tissue infarction or neovascularisation. (nih.gov)
  • These features were confined to segments of intestine affected by Crohn's disease and did not occur in normal bowel. (nih.gov)
  • The findings suggest that Crohn's disease is mediated by multifocal gastrointestinal infarction. (nih.gov)
  • This pathogenetic process is compatible with many of the clinical features of Crohn's disease, and its recognition has important implications for the identification of the primary cause of the illness and advances in clinical management. (nih.gov)
  • Crohn's disease is sometimes termed orofacial granulomatosis when it involves the mouth alone). (wikipedia.org)
  • When I first started my wellness project, the goal was to solely focus on Crohn's disease. (medium.com)
  • Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) Crohn's disease (CD) refers to disease found in the esophagus, stomach, jejunum, or proximal ileum. (healio.com)
  • Lower gastrointestinal malignancy in Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • An increased incidence of carcinoma of the small bowel and colon has been described in patients with Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • The 12 patients with carcinoma arising in the anus or lower rectum had longstanding severe anorectal Crohn's disease, which included a stricture in four, fistula in four, proctitis in one, abscess in two, and enlarged anal skin tags in one. (bmj.com)
  • The development of malignancy in patients with Crohn's disease may apply particularly to those with chronic complicated anorectal disease. (bmj.com)
  • The most common condition of the oesophagus in Western countries is gastroesophageal reflux disease, which in chronic forms is thought to result in changes to the epithelium of the oesophagus, known as Barrett's oesophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several disease processes can cause serious problems due to dilation of the esophagus. (homevet.com)
  • One study showed it took four hours for food to travel from mouth to the large intestine in those with the disease compared to only two hours in those without celiac disease. (eatright.org)
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding in the large intestine, rectum, or anus is called lower GI bleeding. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Allow outpatient evaluation and follow-up of patients with a variety of gastrointestinal diseases for the purposes of physician education in the NIDDK accredited gastroenterology training program. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Determine how much voriconazole is absorbed when the product is given by mouth to children with extensive graft versus host disease after a stem cell transplantation and determine the correct dosing of voriconazole in this population. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Hypothesis: Children with gastrointestinal graft versus host disease will have decreased absorption of oral voriconazole and require higher doses of voriconazole in order to prevent or treat fungal infections. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Furthermore, many children who undergo transplantation develop gastrointestinal graft versus host disease and this likely impacts oral absorption. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The magnitude of effect resulting from graft versus host disease on absorption of voriconazole and subsequent blood concentrations in children is unknown. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Thus children with graft versus host disease are at a particularly high risk of inadequate absorption with subsequent sub-therapeutic levels of voriconazole. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is the most common complication for patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation. (jci.org)
  • Turner and colleagues note that targeting MLCK1 to prevent barrier loss and restore function could also be useful in other diseases where the epithelial barrier is compromised, including celiac disease, atopic dermatitis, pulmonary infection and acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and graft versus host disease (GVHD). (healthcanal.com)
  • We analyzed subjects who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and/or colonoscopy during routine health check-ups. (hindawi.com)
  • Gastric diseases refer to diseases affecting the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • four per 1,000 from chronic kidney disease, and two per 1,000 from stomach cancer. (news-medical.net)
  • Among this group, PPIs-related deaths were more common, with almost 23 people per 1,000 dying from heart disease, almost five per 1,000 from chronic kidney disease, and three from stomach cancer. (news-medical.net)
  • Since its first isolation by Marshall and Warren, Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) has been recognized to have a causal role in the upper gastrointestinal diseases development, especially in chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) and gastric adenocarcinoma. (scirp.org)
  • During a clinically indicated standard of care test or procedure, allow for donation of extra stool, urine, blood, gastric aspirate or gastrointestinal tissue sample for collection and storage. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • When gastritis persists in a chronic state, it is associated with several diseases, including atrophic gastritis, pyloric stenosis, and gastric cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • This inconsistency in the rate of gastric emptying in these patients is most likely related to the different methodologies used to determine gastric emptying [ 14 - 17 ], as well as the differences in disease aetiology and severity of the patients at the time of assessment. (omicsonline.org)
  • Bioactive products of lipid peroxidation, in particular, second messengers of free radicals, the bellwether of which is 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), are important mediators in physiological adaptive reactions and signaling, but they are also thought to be implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous gastric diseases. (mdpi.com)
  • This new edition of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease is dedicated to the maintenance of a comprehensive approach to the practice of Pediatric Gastroenterology. (ecampus.com)
  • Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected adults and adolescents: Recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/lvguidelines/adult_oi.pdf (Accessed on November 18, 2013). (uptodate.com)
  • Potential causes are feeding foods high in fat or rich table foods, infections, disease or trauma. (hillspet.com)
  • Are viral gastrointestinal infections serious? (sharecare.com)
  • Without treatment, and particularly when they strike the young, the old, those with weakened immune systems, and the ill, viral gastrointestinal infections are potentially deadly. (sharecare.com)
  • Acute disease might include infections such as oesophagitis, trauma caused by the ingestion of corrosive substances, or rupture of veins such as oesophageal varices, Boerhaave syndrome or Mallory-Weiss tears. (wikipedia.org)
  • Is norovirus related to viral gastrointestinal infections? (sharecare.com)
  • Norovirus is a leading cause of viral gastrointestinal infections. (sharecare.com)
  • Celiac disease is diagnosed using an endoscopic biopsy. (eatright.org)
  • If you believe you may have celiac disease, see your doctor before going on a gluten-free diet. (eatright.org)
  • Abdominal pain and bloating affect up to about 80 percent of individuals with celiac disease. (eatright.org)
  • Following a gluten-free diet increased this speed to about 2½ hours, a rate similar to those without celiac disease. (eatright.org)
  • Seeking guidance and treatment from a physician that specializes in celiac disease is the next step. (eatright.org)
  • Do I Have Celiac Disease, Gluten Sensitivity, or a Wheat Allergy? (sharecare.com)
  • Reports on the case of a 50-year-old white man with severe histopathological lesion of celiac disease or nontropical sprue with minimal evidence of malabsorption. (ebscohost.com)
  • Chagas disease is an important parasitic disease resulting from the infection with Trypanosoma cruzi ( T. cruzi ), a hemoflagellate protozoa whose vectors are triatomine insects, a type of reduviid bug known as the "barber bug. (springer.com)
  • From targeted assays for C. difficile to broad disease state panels covering community-acquired and persistent diarrhea pathogens, clinical labs need flexibility and scalability in their GI assays to deliver optimal results to physicians for patient care, antimicrobial stewardship, and infection control. (luminexcorp.com)
  • This review chapter brings the principal characteristics of the diseases associated with H. pylori infection and summarizes some important characteristics concerning the virulence of bacterium strain, host genetics and external environment. (scirp.org)
  • Giardiasis is a communicable gastrointestinal disease caused by Giardia duodenalis and two genetic assemblages, A and B, cause human infection. (ebscohost.com)
  • Anthrax infection occurs in three forms: cutaneous, inhalational, and gastrointestinal. (cdc.gov)
  • Because several of these gastrointestinal conditions may be ongoing, long-term nutritional management of the disorder may be required. (hillspet.com)
  • Individuals at least 18 years of age who have or may have a gastrointestinal disorder. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • I began conducting research starting from the root of the disorder which led me to examine gastrointestinal diseases as a whole. (medium.com)
  • Pathophysiology of the heart in Chagas' disease: Current status and new developments. (springer.com)
  • Patients with suspected or established acute or chronic gastrointestinal diseases are evaluated and treated in this protocol and will be screened for entry into other research protocols. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Disadvantages of MR imaging in evaluating acute gastrointestinal conditions include its high cost, limited availability, longer examination times compared to US and CT, and its incompatibility with equipment used for intensive care and patient monitoring. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Many recent studies that have found associations between rosacea and increased risk for cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal dis- ease, autoimmune diseases and certain cancers, among a growing number of systemic diseases. (rosacea.org)
  • The book focuses on specific gastrointestinal diseases, critical illness, diabetes, and obesity and includes an extensive section on enteral and parenteral nutrition support. (annals.org)
  • Any of the primary or accessory organs of the digestive system can be affected by GI disease. (atcc.org)
  • The fat substitute olestra may cause severe gastrointestinal disease, according to a letter published in the July issue of the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition . (cspinet.org)
  • The available data from randomised controlled trials do not suggest that glutamine supplementation has any important benefits for young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease. (cochrane.org)
  • Endogenous glutamine biosynthesis may be insufficient to meet the needs of people with severe gastrointestinal disease. (cochrane.org)
  • This review examines evidence on the effect of glutamine supplementation in young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease. (cochrane.org)
  • To assess the effect of supplemental glutamine on mortality and morbidity in young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease. (cochrane.org)
  • Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials that compared glutamine supplementation versus no glutamine supplementation in infants up to three months old (corrected for preterm birth if necessary) with severe gastrointestinal disease defined as a congenital or acquired gastrointestinal condition that is likely to necessitate providing parenteral nutrition for at least 24 hours. (cochrane.org)
  • Brown JVE, Moe-Byrne T, McGuire W. Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease. (cochrane.org)
  • Chagas was the only researcher so far to completely describe a new infectious disease: its pathogen, vector (Triatominae), host, clinical manifestations, and epidemiology. (springer.com)
  • A discussion of the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of other CMV-related diseases in HIV-infected patients is found elsewhere. (uptodate.com)
  • The cases described in this report were chosen to illustrate the protean manifestations of gastrointestinal anthrax. (cdc.gov)
  • Two studies have shown that roughly 75 to 80 percent of individuals with the disease reported experiencing diarrhea. (eatright.org)
  • If a pet with GI disease is fed a food with low digestibility many of their signs, such as diarrhea, will become worse. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Among lower gastrointestinal diseases, obesity is consistently related to an elevated risk of colon cancer [ 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • reported a weak correlation between elevated body mass index (BMI) and symptomatic diverticular disease of colon [ 13 ], whereas other authors found this correlation to be absent [ 14 - 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Glenn T. Furuta, MD, the director of the Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Diseases Program at Children's Hospital Colorado, is the administrative director of CEGIR and states, "CEGIR presents an outstanding opportunity for experts from across the world to continue to perform collaborative clinical research and to train a new generation of investigators. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • Prior to the availability of potent antiretroviral therapy (ART), CMV gastrointestinal disease occurred in up to 5 percent of patients with AIDS, primarily in those with advanced immunosuppression. (uptodate.com)
  • In early case series, patients generally died within several months without CMV-specific treatment, and hemorrhage or perforation often complicated the course of disease. (uptodate.com)
  • However, patients with viremia may not have invasive disease. (uptodate.com)
  • Impact of ART - The prognosis of patients with AIDS and CMV gastrointestinal disease has improved dramatically since effective ART became available in the late 1990s [ 9,10 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the incidence of CMV disease in AIDS patients (abstract #I-31). (uptodate.com)
  • While many of the diseases we treat are manageable, many affect patients' quality of life. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • and 4) After completion of the initial evaluation process, patients will either be offered a chance to participate in an active research protocol or, if no appropriate protocol is identified, patients may be seen long-term to follow the disease progression for potential future participation in DDB gastrointestinal studies. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • I look forward to continuing to advance the understanding and better treatment of these diseases by collaborating with outstanding researchers, patients and patient advocacy groups, as well as training the next generation of clinicians and researchers who will be experts in these diseases. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • These sites are considered the major centers working on these diseases, and these sites have access to a comprehensive database of patients. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • The uncertainty of the diseases' triggers and the patients' recovery timeline, encouraged me to dive deeper into the psychological angle of my users. (medium.com)
  • 1 However, the vast majority of patients with UGI disease also have concurrent distal disease. (healio.com)
  • In patients with widespread disease, careful consideration must be given to potential adverse effects. (medscape.com)
  • The Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Diseases Program (GEDP) provides state-of-the-art, multidisciplinary care to patients affected by eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases (EGIDs), including eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) . (childrenscolorado.org)
  • The mission of the Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Diseases Program is to improve the quality of life for patients and families affected by EGIDs. (childrenscolorado.org)
  • Conclusion: The immunophenotypically aberrant monoclonal IEL population present in the small intestine of patients with RCS frequently disseminates to the blood and the entire gastrointestinal epithelium, suggesting that this is a diffuse gastrointestinal disease. (ebscohost.com)
  • This suggests that Divertin might be a new, non-immunosuppressive means to maintain remission, and prevent disease flares, in patients with IBD. (healthcanal.com)
  • This book serves as a valuable resource for biomedical researchers who focus on identifying the causes of gastrointestinal diseases and food scientists targeting health-related product development. (elsevier.com)
  • A specialist in eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases (EGIDs) at Tufts Medical Center will continue working on a five-year, $7.75 million clinical research project recently re-funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) (specifically, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Center for Advancing Translation Sciences and National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases). (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • The Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Program at Boston Children's is the only multidisciplinary program in the northeast U.S. that cares for children with EGIDs. (childrenshospital.org)
  • This review provides an overview of widely used and recently described probiotics, their impact on the human's gut microflora as a preventative treatment of disease, human/animal models being used to help show efficacy, and discusses the potential use of probiotics in gastrointestinal diseases associated with antibiotic administration. (frontiersin.org)
  • Treatment of localized cutaneous disease includes radiotherapy, surgical excision, systemic therapy, or intralesional chemotherapy. (medscape.com)
  • The endoscopic use of lasers in the treatment of gastrointestinal d~seases began within the last decade and has evolved rapidly. (hugendubel.de)
  • Why choose Children's Colorado for the treatment of gastrointestinal eosinophilic diseases? (childrenscolorado.org)
  • however, the relative efficacy of probiotic use for treatment and prevention across different gastrointestinal diseases, with differing etiology and mechanisms of action, has not been addressed. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Random effects models were used to evaluate efficacy as pooled relative risks across the eight diseases as well as across probiotic species, single vs. multiple species, patient ages, dosages, and length of treatment. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Across all diseases and probiotic species, positive significant effects of probiotics were observed for all age groups, single vs. multiple species, and treatment lengths. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Probiotics are generally beneficial in treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal diseases. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • When choosing to use probiotics in the treatment or prevention of gastrointestinal disease, the type of disease and probiotic species (strain) are the most important factors to take into consideration. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The efficacy of using probiotics in the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases has received considerable attention in recent years [1] - [5] . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • These studies have shown that probiotics have significant effects on the prevention (e.g. [2] ) and treatment (e.g. [20] ) of gastrointestinal disease. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Early detection and treatment of both diseases can significantly increase the chances of a patient's survival. (google.com)
  • Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases: Foods, Nutrients and Dietary Supplements provides valuable insights into the agents that affect metabolism and other health-related conditions in the gastrointestinal system. (elsevier.com)
  • Information is presented on a variety of foods, including herbs, fruits, soy and olive oil, thus showing that changes in intake can change antioxidant and disease preventing non-nutrients and affect gastrointestinal health and/or disease promotion. (elsevier.com)
  • This epidemiologic shift varies greatly by region, but in Europe, chronic conditions account for 86% of all deaths, 77% of the disease burden, and up to 80% of health care. (ebscohost.com)
  • Now, a study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System has linked long-term use of such drugs - called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) - to fatal cases of cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease and upper gastrointestinal cancer. (news-medical.net)
  • Other researchers independently have linked PPIs to adverse health problems such as dementia, bone fractures, heart disease and pneumonia, among others. (news-medical.net)
  • Understanding the underlying epidemiology of disease and how it interacts with a community's socioeconomic and medical resources or medical supply characteristics will be necessary to meet the community's health needs and to ensure the financial viability of providers. (rti.org)
  • Interestingly, microorganisms making up the smallest proportion of the HM seem to have a disproportionately large effect on host health and disease (see below). (frontiersin.org)
  • This experience helped me to realise that doing research was what really interested me and I also became aware of how important the role of a scientist is in helping to understand the cellular and molecular basis for human health and how can we use this knowledge to prevent and treat diseases. (humaneresearch.org.uk)
  • Because coeliac disease has emerged as a public health problem, its prevention is of great importance. (ebscohost.com)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr. Carroll .investigates the mechanisms by which gut bacteria influence gastrointestinal physiology, behavior, and weight regulation. (unc.edu)
  • While many of the molecular mechanisms that trigger gastrointestinal diseases remain a mystery, previous research has found that one enzyme, known as myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), plays a critical role. (healthcanal.com)
  • The field of metabolomics has sought to identify these aberrant metabolites as disease biomarkers, clues to understanding disease mechanisms, or even as therapeutic agents. (chemie.de)
  • However we are now entering an exciting era, as many new 5HT modulating drugs are becoming available for treating functional gastrointestinal (GI) disease. (wiley.com)
  • Digestive Diseases, 19, 99-103. (scirp.org)
  • Are there alternative treatments for digestive diseases? (sharecare.com)
  • What Increases My Risk for Digestive Diseases? (sharecare.com)
  • Researchers conducting a nationwide study in Denmark found that rosacea may be associated with increased risk of certain gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, but whether there is a cause-and-effect relationship is unknown. (rosacea.org)
  • Changes in the gut flora have emerged as a leading mechanism for the increased prevalence of certain gastrointestinal diseases [6] - [8] . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This article investigates the possibility of inferring reporting rates through joint statistical modelling of several infectious diseases with different aetiologies. (ebscohost.com)
  • Dogs also require chemotherapy and radiation therapy to slow disease progression. (vetinfo.com)
  • When given prophylactically, Divertin prevented disease development and progression. (healthcanal.com)