The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The segment of GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the ESOPHAGUS; the STOMACH; and the DUODENUM.
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.
The creation and maintenance of medical and vital records in multiple institutions in a manner that will facilitate the combined use of the records of identified individuals.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.
Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
A field of anatomical pathology in which living tissue is surgically removed for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment.
The cutting of or surgical operation on a living animal, usually for physiological or pathological investigation. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dict, 10th ed)
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
A subgroup of TRP cation channels that are widely expressed in various cell types. Defects are associated with POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES.
Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
Measurement of rate of settling of erythrocytes in anticoagulated blood.
Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Interactions between gastric volume and duodenal nutrients in the control of liquid gastric emptying. (1/525)

We examined the relationships between gastric volume and duodenal glucose load in the regulation of gastric emptying in adult male rhesus monkeys. Intragastric glucose loads (0.125 g/ml) of volumes ranging from 150 to 375 ml empty from the stomach at the same rate from 20 to 120 min. However, to achieve these equivalent emptying rates, progressively larger volumes were emptied in the initial 20 min with increasing gastric volume. Duodenal glucose infusions dose dependently inhibited the 10-min emptying of various volumes of intragastric saline. Although increasing gastric volume resulted in increased emptying, duodenal glucose right-shifted the relationship between initial gastric volume and volume emptied. These data demonstrate that liquid nutrient gastric emptying represents an interaction between gastric volume and nutrient-induced duodenal feedback. For controlled duodenal caloric delivery rates to be established, sufficient nutrient emptying must occur to increase the magnitude of duodenal feedback to withhold a given gastric volume.  (+info)

A comparison of the effects of dietary cellulose and fermentable galacto-oligosaccharide, in a rat model of colorectal carcinogenesis: fermentable fibre confers greater protection than non-fermentable fibre in both high and low fat backgrounds. (2/525)

The objective of this experiment was to compare the effects of diets with either a non-fermentable fibre source (cellulose) or a fermentable fibre source [galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS)], combined with different levels of dietary fat, on the development of colorectal cancer. Male Wistar rats were fed AIN76-based diets with either a low or high level of cellulose, or a low or high level of GOS, for 9 months. The fat content of the diets was low, medium or high. All rats were treated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine to induce colorectal tumours. Generally, the tumour incidence increased with increasing fat content in the diet. Despite marked faeces bulking, dietary cellulose either had no effect or an enhancing effect on the formation of colorectal tumours in general, although the development of carcinomas was decreased. GOS appeared to be highly protective against the development of colorectal tumours, as was demonstrated by an inhibitory effect on tumour incidence, multiplicity and size, regardless of the fat content of the diet. Neither fibre source influenced the bromodeoxyuridine labelling index determined in colon crypts or tumours. In animals fed high-GOS diets, the caecal content was significantly increased in weight and significantly decreased in pH. It was concluded that tumorigenesis was enhanced by increased fat content of the diet, and that the diets containing fermentable GOS conferred a greater protection against colorectal cancer than did the diets containing non-fermentable cellulose.  (+info)

Part of quercetin absorbed in the small intestine is conjugated and further secreted in the intestinal lumen. (3/525)

Rutin and quercetin absorption and metabolism were investigated in rats after in situ perfusion of jejunum plus ileum (15 nmol/min). In contrast to rutin, a high proportion of quercetin (two-thirds) disappeared during perfusion, reflecting extensive transfer into the intestinal wall. Net quercetin absorption was not complete (2.1 nmol/min), inasmuch as 52% were reexcreted in the lumen as conjugated derivatives (7.7 nmol/min). Enterohepatic recycling contribution of flavonoids was excluded by catheterization of the biliary duct before perfusion. After a 30-min perfusion period, 0.71 microM of quercetin equivalents were detected in plasma, reflecting a significant absorption from the small intestine. The differential hydrolysis of effluent samples by glucuronidase and/or sulfatase indicates that the conjugated forms released in the lumen were 1) glucuronidated derivatives of quercetin and of its methoxylated forms (64%) and 2) sulfated form of quercetin (36%). In vitro quercetin glucuronides synthetized using jejunal and ileal microsomal fractions were similar to those recovered in the effluent of perfusion. These data suggest that glucuronidation and sulfatation take place in intestinal cells, whereas no glucurono-sulfoconjugates could be detected in the effluent. The present work shows that a rapid quercetin absorption in the small intestine is very effective together with its active conjugation in intestinal cells.  (+info)

Typing Listeria monocytogenes by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting. (4/525)

Twenty epidemiologically unrelated Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from different animals, locations and on different dates in Japan were classified into 18 types by the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting technique with four primers. Further, seven epidemiologically related L. monocytogenes strains isolated from raw milk and a bulk tank on a dairy farm represented the same RAPD type suggesting that they were all of the same origin. Therefore, RAPD-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, which is rapid, simple and inexpensive to perform, can be used in surveys as a convenient epidemiological technique.  (+info)

An esophagogastroduodenal anastomosis model for esophageal adenocarcinogenesis in rats and enhancement by iron overload. (5/525)

The aim of this study is to establish a good animal model for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and to test the hypothesis that iron over-nutrition enhances EAC formation. With rats, esophagogastroduodenal anastomosis (EGDA) was accomplished by anastomosing the duodenum to the gastroesophageal junction. Iron supplementation was given by i.p. injection of iron dextran (4 mg Fe/kg/week). This model mimics the development of human EAC by introducing mixed reflux of gastric and duodenal contents. At 40 weeks after surgery, the body weight, food intake, hemoglobin, total serum iron, transferrin saturation, serum albumin, and plasma levels of alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol and retinol of the EGDA rats were not significantly different from those of the non-operated controls. The animals generally had only mild esophagitis, except that the area surrounding the anastomosis opening had more severe esophagitis. Columnar-lined esophagus (CLE), CLE with dysplasia, and EAC were diagnosed in 53.5, 34.9 and 25.6%, respectively, of the 43 rats. Intraperitoneal iron supplementation significantly enhanced esophageal lesions with CLE, CLE with dysplasia, and EAC to 78.0, 53. 7 and 53.7%, respectively, of the 41 rats. All the tumors were well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinomas at the squamocolumnar junction area, where most iron deposition was observed. EGDA avoids nutritional problems seen in other animal models for EAC. We believe that direct anastomosis of squamous epithelium to columnar epithelium and mixed reflux of gastric and duodenal contents lead to the formation of CLE and EAC. With this model, we demonstrated that iron supplementation significantly enhanced EAC formation, suggesting that iron over-nutrition could also be a risk factor for human EAC.  (+info)

H(+)/solute-induced intracellular acidification leads to selective activation of apical Na(+)/H(+) exchange in human intestinal epithelial cells. (6/525)

The intestinal absorption of many nutrients and drug molecules is mediated by ion-driven transport mechanisms in the intestinal enterocyte plasma membrane. Clearly, the establishment and maintenance of the driving forces - transepithelial ion gradients - are vital for maximum nutrient absorption. The purpose of this study was to determine the nature of intracellular pH (pH(i)) regulation in response to H(+)-coupled transport at the apical membrane of human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells. Using isoform-specific primers, mRNA transcripts of the Na(+)/H(+) exchangers NHE1, NHE2, and NHE3 were detected by RT-PCR, and identities were confirmed by sequencing. The functional profile of Na(+)/H(+) exchange was determined by a combination of pH(i), (22)Na(+) influx, and EIPA inhibition experiments. Functional NHE1 and NHE3 activities were identified at the basolateral and apical membranes, respectively. H(+)/solute-induced acidification (using glycylsarcosine or beta-alanine) led to Na(+)-dependent, EIPA-inhibitable pH(i) recovery or EIPA-inhibitable (22)Na(+) influx at the apical membrane only. Selective activation of apical (but not basolateral) Na(+)/H(+) exchange by H(+)/solute cotransport demonstrates that coordinated activity of H(+)/solute symport with apical Na(+)/H(+) exchange optimizes the efficient absorption of nutrients and Na(+), while maintaining pH(i) and the ion gradients involved in driving transport.  (+info)

Technical note: a device for obtaining time-integrated samples of ruminal fluid. (7/525)

A device was adapted to allow for time-integrated sampling of fluid from the rumen via a cannula. The sampler consisted of a cup-shaped ceramic filter positioned in the ventral rumen of a cannulated cow and attached to a tube through which fluid entering the filter was removed continuously using a peristaltic pump. Rate of ruminal fluid removal using the device was monitored over two 36-h periods (at 6-h intervals) and was not affected (P > .05) by time, indicating that the system was not susceptible to clogging during this period. Two cows having ad libitum access to a totally mixed ration were used in a split-block design to evaluate the utility of the system for obtaining time-integrated samples of ruminal fluid. Ruminal fluid VFA concentration and pattern in samples collected in two replicated 8-h periods by the time-integrated sampler (at 1-h intervals) were compared with composite samples collected using a conventional suction-strainer device (at 30-min intervals). Each 8-h collection period started 2 h before or 6 h after feeding. Results indicated that total VFA concentration was not affected (P > .05) by the sampling method. Volatile fatty acid patterns were likewise unaffected (P > .05) except that acetate was 2.5% higher (P < .05) in samples collected 2 h before feeding and valerate was 5% higher (P < .05) in samples collected 6 h after feeding by the suction-strainer device. Although significant, these differences were not considered physiologically important. We concluded that use of the ceramic filter improved the sampling of ruminal fluid by simplifying the technique and allowing time-integrated samples to be obtained.  (+info)

Acute zolpidem overdose--report of two cases. (8/525)

This report describes two cases of acute zolpidem overdose. The decedent in the first case was a 36-year-old female found dead in bed in her secured home. She had a history of psychiatric illness, including paranoid disorder, depression with panic episodes, and post-traumatic stress disorder. She was treated with risperidone and sertraline. Nine months prior to her death, the decedent was also prescribed zolpidem (Ambien). The postmortem examination revealed white foam within the larynx and upper trachea, which is indicative of pulmonary edema. Toxicological analyses of the urine showed the presence of caffeine, risperidone, and zolpidem. Subsequent quantitation of postmortem iliac serum revealed 5.6 microg/L of 9-hydroxyrisperidone and the following zolpidem concentrations: blood (subclavian), 4.5 mg/L; blood (iliac), 7.7 mg/L; vitreous humor, 1.6 mg/L; bile, 8.9 mg/L; urine, 1.2 mg/L; liver, 22.6 mg/kg; and gastric contents, 42 mg. The second case involved a 58-year old female, also found dead in bed, with white foam around her mouth. The decedent had a 25-year history of hypertension and mental illness--manic depression and schizophrenia. She was medicated with carbamazepine, naproxen, risperidone, and zolpidem. The postmortem examination revealed cardiomegaly, pulmonary edema, hepatomegaly, mild coronary atherosclerosis, and no signs of trauma. Toxicological analyses of the urine showed the presence of zolpidem and carbamazepine and metabolite. Zolpidem concentrations were as follows: blood (iliac), 1.6 mg/L; vitreous humor, 0.52 mg/L; bile, 2.6 mg/L; liver, 12 mg/kg; and gastric contents, 0.9 mg. The zolpidem blood concentrations of these cases are consistent with those of the previously published fatalities. The blood/vitreous humor ratios of zolpidem were 2.81 (subclavian) and 4.81 (iliac) in the first case and 3.08 (iliac) in the second case. These ratios, along with the sampling times of blood and vitreous humor for both cases, are not conclusive to indicate a definitive presence or absence of postmortem drug redistribution of zolpidem. The cause of death for both cases was determined to be acute zolpidem overdose, and manner of death was suicide.  (+info)

This specimen, Whale # 3 is actually Whale # 3 [Department of Conservation #] of the pod that stranded on Karikari Beach, West Coast, Auckland on 16...
A case report describing the examination of stomach contents at the autopsy of a robber, who was shot and killed during the commission of his crime, which led to the identification of the second and outstanding robber. During autopsy, digested stomach contents gave the attending forensic analyst information regarding a ...
Tierney , Megan, Nichols, Peter D., Wheatley, Kathryn E. and Hindell, Mark A. 2008, Blood fatty acids indicate inter- and intra-annual variation in the diet of Adélie penguins : comparison with stomach content and stable isotope analysis, Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, vol. 367, no. 2, pp. 65-74, doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.07.046. ...
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Pre-Physical Therapy SRU 3+3: Earn a Doctor of Physical Therapy in six years rather than seven. In the first three years, you complete your major courses and pre-requisites for the SRU DPT program. During your third undergraduate year, you apply for admission into the SRU DPT program. If accepted, your first year in the SRU DPT program meets the remaining requirements for your undergraduate degree. If not accepted, you continue to complete your undergraduate degree and can reapply to the program. The accelerated option is for incoming freshmen only.. Pre-Physical Therapy (SRU Traditional): Complete the requirements for your major and the pre-requisites for the SRU DPT program and apply to the SRU DPT program in your senior year.. ...
Industry Analyst, Omar Akhtar, discusses Facebooks major news feed change to downgrade posts from publishers and advertisers in favour of posts from frie
The course then focuses on the various diagnostic procedures for identifying disorders of the gastrointestinal system such as auscultation, endoscopy, stool samples and gastric analysis. Here you will learn how to identify the various signs and symptoms which show that a patient is need of consultation with a physician. Next you will examine the steps and procedures for gastric and intestinal intubation, which is the process of passing a tube through the nose or mouth, through the esophagus, and into the stomach or intestine to obtain a specimen of stomach contents, to lavage the stomach or to allow for drainage of stomach contents. ...
When scientists examined the stomach contents of small (about 6-10 cm / 2-4 inches long) palm ruffs, they found them to be packed full of H. curticephala and nothing else. As they grew larger, the fish started having a more varied diet, but hyperiids still make up for over 97% of their prey. The amount of H. curticephala in the stomach of palm ruffs reaches a peak in February, just as the parasite also reaches very high abundances in the medusa when some individual C. plocamia can be infected with over a thousand amphipods (which in turn provides a floating banquet for any hungry palm ruff). The abundance of H. curticephala also reaches a high during November, but this was not reflected in the stomach content of the fish - so why is that? The scientists suggested that during this season, most of the medusae available are still quite small and while collectively they might be harbouring a high abundance of H. curticephala, because of their smaller bell size they are inaccessible to the palm ruff ...
Gut contents of Neogobius melanostomus.Relative compositions (index of relative importance, IRI) of gut contents of N. melanostomus in two rivers from June unti
If it is not dealt with properly, the constant acid reflux and then the symptoms top article of the diseases are effectively removed. Foods such as chocolate, citrus fruits, tomatoes, caffeinated drinks, alcoholic drinks, garlic and onions, is also an ideal option for the treatment of Full Article acid reflux. It is an uncomfortable sometimes…
In the old, old days, figuring out the feeding ecology of deep-sea species was difficult. Specimens were collected via net-and usually brought up badly damaged. The animals were mostly dead and had often emptied all of their gut and stomach contents. Rarely did you have an opportunity to see the animal interacting with any possible prey items. Any interactions you might have spied could have been caused by the trawl net scooping up any and all of the bottom fauna ...
In the old, old days, figuring out the feeding ecology of deep-sea species was difficult. Specimens were collected via net-and usually brought up badly damaged. The animals were mostly dead and had often emptied all of their gut and stomach contents. Rarely did you have an opportunity to see the animal interacting with any possible prey items. Any interactions you might have spied could have been caused by the trawl net scooping up any and all of the bottom fauna ...
In the old, old days, figuring out the feeding ecology of deep-sea species was difficult. Specimens were collected via net-and usually brought up badly damaged. The animals were mostly dead and had often emptied all of their gut and stomach contents. Rarely did you have an opportunity to see the animal interacting with any possible prey items. Any interactions you might have spied could have been caused by the trawl net scooping up any and all of the bottom fauna ...
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Okay so Ive done a lot of research on this, one of the most important things is DO NOT starve yourself. That wont lead to sustainable wait loss. Also, excercize is really only a small portion of it. The main things is cutting out fats and more importantly, sugars. That means getting rid of all that hyper processed junk and switching to a more natural diet. When possible, maximize all natural ingredients. For ideas, I highly recommend checking out the books Everyday Detox and No Excuses Detox. While some of the stuff is quite frankly gross, it can give you some ideas about switching to a mostly or all natural diet. Hope this helped ...
Constituents of milk from control and obese dams by analysis of pups stomach contents.The concentration of leptin (A), cholesterol (B), free fatty acids (FFA)
It is dangerous to undergo surgery and anaesthesia on a full stomach: As we fall asleep the reflexes that protect our airways are lost. Muscles relax and the stomach contents can push up the oesophagus and spill over into the lungs. This can result in a life threatening form of pneumonia. ...
Vomiting is defined as the forceful emptying of the stomachs contents. It is caused by a signal from the brain to the stomach that originates in a part of the brain known as the vomiting center. Vomiting initially developed because it helps save animals from poisoning. Nerves in the abdomen or certain substances in the bloodstream indicate to the brain that the animal may have eaten something toxic, and vomiting can help to rid the body of the toxic substance. Although this does occur now, the actual ingestion of toxins has become less of a threat to our pets than to their wild ancestors; over time, many more triggers began to induce the brain to signal vomiting. Prolonged vomiting can be dangerous because it can lead to life-threatening dehydration.. Read More ...
Pain in the chest can range from squeezing or crushing to burning. If you think you may be having a heart, chest pain is a medical emergency. Vomiting is the forceful exit of stomach contents through the mouth. Nausea or stomach upset typically occurs before a person vomits... ...
Nausea is a sensation of illness that causes vomiting, which is a forceful action that brings the stomach contents up through the esophagus and out of the...
He had been transferred from another hospital following a cardiac arrest on their ward. The reason for the initial admission had been vomiting and the patient was being investigated for the underlying cause. The vomiting had been occurring for several weeks following the commencement of a new Parkisons disease drug, the name of which was unknown, although that drug was eventually stopped. However the vomiting continued and the patient was developing regular vomiting of stomach contents each lunch time. The patient had never complained of much even when he had been ill in the past, so the family were unaware if he had any body pains. ...
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Walter Underwood wrote: [...] , In a safe list protocol, the client requests a number of results, , and the server is allowed to return fewer. That way, both sides are , safe. This is already available in a comparable protocol under development by the Z39.50 community: SRU - Search/Retrieve URI service (http://www.loc.gov/z3950/agency/zing/srw.html#sru). SRU is SRW mentioned by Herbert in his last message, where SOAP is replaced by HTTP. I would applaud if the Z39.50 (http://www.loc.gov/z3950/agency/zing) and the OAi initiatives were coordinated. In one of my implementations of OAi-PHM it is possible to use a query attribute in the HTTP request. The resumptiontoken implementation is based on a already existing result set mechanism. These are the elements needed to implement a SRU server.Adding SOAP and the SRU server is a SRW server. My suggestion is that SRW becomes (in time) a richer version of OAI-PHM (or that OAi-PHM becomes a subset of SRW). Thomas -- Thomas W. Place ([email protected]) ...
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德者,內也;得者,外也。「上德不德」,言其神不淫於外也。 神不淫於外則身全,身全之謂德。德者,得身也。凡德者,以無為集,以無欲成; 以不思安,以不用固。為之欲之,則德無舍;德無舍則不全。用之思之則不固,不固則無功, 無功則生於德。德則無德,不德則(在)有德。故曰:「上德不德,是以有德。」 所以貴無為無思為虛者,謂其意無所制也。夫無術者,故以無為無思為虛也。 夫故以無為無思為虛者,其意常不忘虛,是制於為虛也。虛者,謂其意(所無)〔無所〕制也。 今制於為虛,是不虛也。虛者之無為也,不以無為為有常。不以無為為有常,則虛;虛,則德盛; 德盛之謂上德。故曰:「上德無為而無不為也。」 仁者,謂其中心欣然愛人也;其喜人之有福,而惡人之有禍也;生心之所不能已也, ...
Richard T. Meehan, MD, is a rheumatologist at National Jewish Health. Dr. Meehan is in the Division of Rheumatology and Department of Medicine.
Find out details on the rock climbing route named Stomach Contents, including topos, photos, user reviews, and route info such as climbing type and grade.
Youve just fed your baby breast milk or formula only to watch him or her spit up what seems like all of it. Is this normal? Find out the possible causes of spitting up, and what you can do about it.. Spitting up is common in healthy babies. About half of all babies during their first three months experience their stomach contents coming back up into the esophagus, a condition known as gastroesophageal reflux, infant reflux or infant acid reflux.. Normally, a muscle (lower esophageal sphincter) between the esophagus and the stomach keeps stomach contents where they belong. Until this muscle has time to mature, spitting up might be an issue - especially if your baby is relatively full.. Spitting up is the easy flow of a babys stomach contents through his or her mouth, possibly with a burp. Vomiting occurs when the flow is forceful - shooting out inches rather than dribbling from the mouth.. Normal spitting up doesnt interfere with a babys well-being. As long as your baby seems comfortable and ...
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Source Naturals Diet CitriMax Complex 60 tablet Citrimax(TM) combines a concentrated extract of the fruit of the Garcinia cambogia tree with the tra...
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To overcome the limitation of conventional dissolution testing for evaluating the performance of colon-specific delivery systems triggered by colon-specific bacteria, animal caecal contents including rats (Rubinstein et al., 1993), rabbits (Larsen et al., 1989), and pigs (Larsen et al., 1989) have been utilized as alternative dissolution medium. Because of the similarity of human and rodent colonic microflora, predominantly comprising Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides and Lactobacillus, rat caecal contents were more commonly used in the dissolution studies. Rat caecal contents were usually prepared immediately prior to the initiation of drug release study due to the. anaerobic nature of the cecum. Rats were anaesthetized and the cecum was exteriorized for collection of the contents. The caecal contents were diluted with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, pH 7) to obtain an appropriate concentration for release study. This step was conducted under CO2 or nitrogen to maintain an anaerobic environment. The ...
The LES is a muscular ring situated in the digestive tract where the esophagus fulfills the stomach. The LES opens to permit food into the stomach when you swallow, and after that near to prevent stomach contents from rising up into the esophagus. When the LES is weak or damaged it might not close effectively. This allows harmful stomach contents to support into the esophagus, causing acid reflux symptoms.. It is approximated that heartburn affects as much as 20 percent of Americans.. See your doctor for screening if you:. ...
Dr. Jaffe correctly cautioned his readers about dangers of overinterpreting stomach contents as they relate to TOD. Yet there are clearly examples in which information on the time of death or time of last meal based upon contents of the stomach was helpful to investigators. It seems that stomach contents are more useful under some circumstances than others. The estimate will be in the form of a range of several hours. If the time of the last meal is not known, then only a relative time of death can be ascertained. If the time of a meal is known, but the type of food is not known, then some uncertainty exists with respect to whether or not it is the last meal that the deceased person ate. If the time and nature (size and type of food) of the last meal is known, then if identifiable material is found, the last meal was probably consumed within two hours, with an outside chance that it was consumed between two and six hours before death, unless some exceptional circumstances are at work. If the ...
Conspicuous swelling in one section of the large intestine suggested obstruction by a foreign mass. An investigation confirmed obstruction, in the form of a small brass key. Oxidation tarnish suggested inadvertent consumption of said key sometime between 1979 and 1981 - probably in Buffalo. Further examination of this section of bowel revealed three additional obstructions: a bottle cap, pipe screen, and mascara brush. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
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A case report describing the examination of stomach contents at the autopsy of a robber, who was shot and killed during the commission of his crime, which led to the identification of the second and outstanding robber. During autopsy, digested stomach contents gave the attending forensic analyst information regarding a ...
The upper esophageal sphincter, or UES, is a muscle at the top of your esophagus that opens when you swallow and otherwise remains closed to prevent stomach contents from regurgitating back up into your throat and lungs.. A weak or compromised UES has trouble staying closed, so stomach contents including acids, pepsins and other enzymes may rise above the UES and enter the throat and lungs.. The Reza Band applies slight external pressure to the UES to help it function properly.. ...
Ive found a new tradition. An annual, 9th inning keeper hunt from the sand and rocks.. Hurricane Florence had come and gone. We had powerful surf and northeast wind for days, but thankfully, the Jersey Shore was largely spared.. The idea came to me while surfing.. I found myself in the lineup checking my watch. I had to get home. Waiting for one last ride wasnt happening. I ended up bodyboarding in and got off on the sandbar. The water on the bar was waist deep. With my hand on my board floating next to me, I waded towards the sand. Eventually, I stepped off the sandbar and into the nearshore trough. That step put me in almost neck-deep water. Keeping my chin up, I slogged west and finally stepped up the soft beach lip and onto the sand.. My fish brain activated. It was clear that a lot of sand had been moved by the recent swell. The ocean had carved out new, deep holes and drops. Holes that would hold fluke.. I knew the upcoming week was the last week of fluke season. I also knew that dead ...
FINE Green Smoothie is comprehensive two-in-one package that brings the best of both worlds into a single delicious smoothie: NUTRITION and DIETING. Fine Green Smoothie is a great approach to a balanced meat - a single, delicious, easy-to-take beverage solution. It contains 9500mg of absorbent fiber in one serving which provides your body with the feeling of fullness and healthy digestion as well. FINE Green Smoothie also provides a huge range of the bodys nutritional needs for metabolism, weight management, and cellular health - with its vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and energy-releasing co-factors, our smoothie insures a complete, satisfying experience.
DIRECTIONS: Take 1 capsule four times a day with a meal or snack.For optimum results take daily and consistently. Do not exceed stated dose. For adults only. Consult your doctor if
A Chilean AMC SRU™ trial also demonstrated a significant reduction in water and mud consumption, together with other operating costs, when utilising the AMC SRU™ unit. The AMC SRU™ addressed the key challenges experienced at this site, where water access was limited and expensive ...
The pain and discomfort of reflux is familiar to many people - particularly after eating a large or rich meal. Heartburn with or without regurgitation of gastric contents into the mouth is the most common symptom of reflux.
the secretion of HCl and digestive enzymes by the gastric glands of the stomach.. contractions of the muscular layer of the stomach wall to increase mixing of the stomach contents. ...
A natural, raft-forming alginate can provide esophageal relief by blocking reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus without drugs!
This medicine helps stop reflux, which is when your babys stomach contents flow back up into their foodpipe, causing them to be sick after feeds - we give advice on its use
Vomiting is defined as the forceful emptying of the stomachs contents. It is caused by a signal from the brain to the stomach that originates in a part of the brain known as the vomiting center. Vomiting initially developed because it helps save animals from poisoning. Nerves in the abdomen or certain substances in the bloodstream indicate to the brain that the animal may have eaten something toxic, and vomiting can help to rid the body of the toxic substance. Although this does occur now, the actual ingestion of toxins has become less of a threat to our pets than to their wild ancestors; over time, many more triggers began to induce the brain to signal vomiting. Prolonged vomiting can be dangerous because it can lead to life-threatening dehydration.. Read More ...
Fasting before you go in for blood work gives the doctor a clearer picture of any indicators that may be present in your blood. If your fat (lipid) levels are high in a fasting state, then you may be at risk for high cholesterol and all of the health problems it can cause: heart disease, stroke, heart attack, blocked arteries and more.. Fasting is also a common practice before major surgery involving anesthesia. When patients who have eaten recently go under anesthesia, there is the potential that they may vomit and inhale their stomach contents, which can be deadly [source: Cox] Thus, any patient whos due for surgery in the morning is usually instructed not to eat anything the night before. However, this practice may become outdated soon, as researchers are finding that regurgitation during surgery is quite rare. Furthermore, fasting is often associated with adverse effects, such as hunger and dehydration, and can also cause headaches, dizziness and nausea in some people.. When a person stops ...
Nausea is a sick feeling in the pit of your stomach. When you are nauseated, you may feel weak and sweaty and have too much saliva in your mouth. You may even vomit. This forces your stomach contents up your esophagus and out of your mouth. Most of the time, nausea and vomiting are not serious. Home treatment will often...
Applicable To. Inhalation of stomach contents or secretions NOS due to anesthesia during labor and delivery; Mendelsons syndrome due to anesthesia during labor and.
When a ferrets stomach contents (i.e., food) move backwards up the esophageal track and into the mouth, it is referred to as regurgitation.
Vomiting is the act of forcefully expelling the stomachs contents out through the mouth. Its usually an involuntary action brought on by nausea, but can be deliberately provoked. Almost everyone has had this unpleasant experience at least once (if not many times) in his or her life. Nausea refers to the unpleasant
Nausea is an uncomfortable feeling which gives an individual the urge to vomit. Vomiting is the ejection of stomach contents out of the mouth.
Ida is one of the most complete primate fossils ever discovered. She is 95% complete and so well preserved that her tissues, hair and even her stomach contents are visible.
Most of the accepted wisdom about removing ticks actually causes them to disgorge infected stomach contents into your bloodstream.
[Impact] Users will get the latest stable bug fixes for this release of OpenStack. Point releases included in this SRU: aodh 3.0.4 ceilometer 7.1.1 heat 7.0.6 keystone 10.0.3 nova 14.0.8 [Test Case] Testing of point releases for OpenStack packages is covered by: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/OpenStack/StableReleaseUpdates [Regression Potential] Very low as this SRU is releasing stable point releases that upstream has already released.
Partially digested food, known as chyme, enters the jejunum from the duodenum. As chyme enters the jejunum, it is mixed by segmentations, or localized smooth muscle contractions in the walls of the jejunum. These segmentations help to circulate chyme and increase its contact with the walls of the jejunum. The walls of the jejunum are folded many times over to increase its surface area and allow it to absorb nutrients. Each epithelial cell on the surface of the jejunum contains microscopic folds of cell membrane called microvilli that create tiny pockets and increase the contact between the cells and chyme. The entire wall of the jejunum is also folded into microscopic finger-like ridges known as villi that form larger pockets and further increase the surface area of the jejunum. At the macroscopic level, the inner surface of the jejunum contains many wrinkles of tissue known as circular folds, which create even more pockets for chyme and further increase the surface area available for ...
1996 - 2018 PlanetCatfish.com, part of the Aquatic Republic Network group of websites. All Rights Reserved. By accessing this site you agree to our Terms and Conditions of Use.. ...
Like many Rineloricaria, this species spawns in open-ended tubes, although at least one report also confirmed spawning on glass (See COTM article ...
Do you want to best and natural diet plan for losing weight? Today, we review the Complex diet drops (formerly named HCG Complex) diet plan by BioSource Labs.
The SRU service only ever returns result records, not the entries themselves. In the event that a query matches a single entry, a single result record is returned. (This behaviour is different from normal Quick Search, where a query returning a single result will take the user directly to the entry.) ...
The SRU service only ever returns result records, not the entries themselves. In the event that a query matches a single entry, a single result record is returned. (This behaviour is different from normal Quick Search, where a query returning a single result will take the user directly to the entry.) ...
Haemorrhage Dying On A Mass Of Chyme And Rancid Excrement lyrics & video : Down in the Carnal Abbyss... Dying in this putrid place Pale dissected bodies rot... Minced, disembow...
"World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics (Review). 6 (4): 207-12. doi:10.4292/wjgpt.v6.i4.207. PMC ... Selenium malabsorption in coeliac disease, combined with low selenium content in many gluten-free foods, confers a risk of ... "World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics (Review). 4 (4): 108-12. doi:10.4292/wjgpt.v4.i4.108. PMC ... GastrointestinalEdit. The diarrhoea that is characteristic of coeliac disease is chronic, pale, of large volume, and abnormally ...
... of stomach contents to empty into the intestines while total emptying takes around 2 hours. Subsequently, 50% emptying of the ... Gastrointestinal tract and Digestive system.. The Wikibook Human Physiology has a page on the topic of: The gastrointestinal ... "gastrointestinal tract" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary *^ Gastrointestinal+tract at the US National Library of Medicine ... Lower gastrointestinal tractEdit. The lower gastrointestinal tract includes most of the small intestine and all of the large ...
Gastrointestinal manifestationsEdit. Depending on the nature of the disease process causing malabsorption and its extent, ... and electrolyte-containing fluid to intestinal contents. This massive load is reduced by the small and large intestines to less ... The main purpose of the gastrointestinal tract is to digest and absorb nutrients (fat, carbohydrate, protein, micronutrients ( ... Malabsorption is a state arising from abnormality in absorption of food nutrients across the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. ...
... in the upper gastrointestinal tract[edit]. Following a meal, the stomach and upper gastrointestinal contents ... Dietary fibers can act by changing the nature of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract and by changing how other nutrients ... Dietary fibers can change the nature of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract and can change how other nutrients and ... Fiber contents in food[edit]. Dietary fibers are found in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. The amount of fiber contained in ...
Increase protein content of secretions from lacrimal glands. Receptor also present in cerebellum. Bronchiole dilation (targeted ... Contract sphincters of Gastrointestinal tract. Thickened secretions from salivary glands. Insulin and glucagon secretion from ...
Lillemoe KD, Johnson LF, Harmon JW (Aug 1982). "Role of the components of the gastroduodenal contents in experimental acid ... Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 8 (7): 890-7, discussion 897-8. doi:10.1016/j.gassur.2004.08.001. PMID 15531244.. ...
Gastrointestinal endoscopy. 66 (3): 460-68. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2006.12.037. PMID 17643436.. ... and small intestine and pancreatic contents cause damage to the cells of the lower esophagus. Recently, bile acids were shown ... which are usually found lower in the gastrointestinal tract). The medical significance of Barrett's esophagus is its strong ... "The Vienna classification of gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia". Gut. 47 (2): 251-55. doi:10.1136/gut.47.2.251. PMC ...
This may indicate a poor absorption in the gastrointestinal tract due to binding to the gastrointestinal contents. When HCCPD ... Cardiac and gastrointestinal function seemed not be impaired after exposure of HCCPD in rats, mice and monkeys. Moderate ... The low levels in blood might indicate poor gastrointestinal absorption.[6] Generally, the site of uptake shows the highest ... HCCPD absorption in the body occurs mostly through the lungs, gastrointestinal tract and skin. Overall the levels of HCCPD in ...
To securely contain of the contents of the intestinal lumen, the cells of the epithelial layer are joined together by tight ... Enteroendocrine cells secrete various gastrointestinal hormones including secretin, pancreozymin, enteroglucagon among others. ... The barrier formed by the intestinal epithelium separates the external environment (the contents of the intestinal lumen) from ... Goblet cells secrete the mucus layer that protects the epithelium from the lumenal contents. ...
Side effects include gastrointestinal upset and neutropenia. High doses can also damage bone marrow, lead to anemia, and cause ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. *Terms of Use ... Adverse effects are primarily gastrointestinal upset at high doses.[1] In addition to gout, colchicine is used to treat ... This can cause hypovolemic shock due to extreme vascular damage and fluid loss through the gastrointestinal tract, which can be ...
GastrointestinalEdit. All drugs in its class have the potential to cause vitamin B12 deficiency secondary to a reduction in ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. *Terms of Use ... Pathologic gastrointestinal (GI) hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. *Gastroesophageal reflux disease ... due to undigested proteins then passing into the gastrointestinal tract, where sensitisation occurs. Patients who take these ...
Gastrointestinal organs such as the bowel can spill their contents into the abdominal cavity. Hemorrhage and systemic infection ... Ultrasound can detect fluid such as blood or gastrointestinal contents in the abdominal cavity, and it is a noninvasive ... Delayed treatment is associated with an especially high morbidity and mortality if perforation of the gastrointestinal tract is ...
The pH of gastrointestinal content and urine affects the absorption and excretion of methamphetamine. Specifically, acidic ... Methamphetamine is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract with peak methamphetamine concentrations occurring in 3.13 ...
Alcohol is absorbed throughout the gastrointestinal tract, but more slowly in the stomach than in the small or large intestine ... Breath alcohol content[edit]. In certain countries, alcohol limits are determined by the breath alcohol content (BrAC), not to ... For example, on average the ratio of blood alcohol content to breath alcohol content (the partition ratio) is 2100 to 1. In ... Blood alcohol content (BAC), also called blood alcohol concentration or blood alcohol level, is a measurement of alcohol ...
If gastrointestinal function is restored, a diet can be reestablished and cautiously advanced as tolerated. Most patients are ... Evidence for the restoration of function includes decreasing gastrostomy tube returns and increasing gas and enteric contents ... only 5 hours of cold ischemia in the form of mucosal damage and bacterial translocation outside the gastrointestinal tract. ...
Notably, since meconium and the whole content of the gastrointestinal tract is located 'extracorporeally,' its constituents are ... Thus, suggesting there is free passage of the intestinal contents into the amniotic fluid. Motilin is found in higher ... Meconium accumulates in the foetal gastrointestinal tract throughout the third trimester of pregnancy and it is the first ... Although meconium is present in the gastrointestinal tract early in development, MSAF rarely occurs before 34 weeks gestation. ...
Some causes of noncardiac chest pain include gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, or lung issues.[4] Even though chest pain may ... Besides, they may also complain of tasting bitter contents from the stomach.[12] ... In adults the most common causes of chest pain include: gastrointestinal (42%), coronary artery disease (31%), musculoskeletal ... gastrointestinal illness (8%), and psychogenic causes (4%).[11] Chest pain in children can also have congenital causes. ...
August 2000). "The Vienna classification of gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia". Gut. 47 (2): 251-5. doi:10.1136/gut.47.2. ... February 2007). "NSAIDs modulate CDKN2A, TP53, and DNA content risk for progression to esophageal adenocarcinoma". PLOS ... Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 66 (3): 460-8. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2006.12.037. PMID 17643436. Galipeau PC, Li X, Blount PL, Maley CC ... of gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia (2000). Many people with Barrett's esophagus do not have dysplasia. Medical societies ...
Manatees have a large gastrointestinal tract with contents measuring about 23% of its total body mass. In addition, the passage ... This helps counteract the positive buoyancy which comes from their high fat content. These two buoyancy counterparts, along ... "Structure and function of the gastrointestinal tract of the Florida manatee, Trichechus manatus latirostris". The Anatomical ...
Gastrointestinal health is another important factor to consider in the aging dog. Sources of fiber such as beet pulp and ... When looking for a senior dog food, one of the first things that should be taken into consideration is the energy content of ... The dog's simple gastrointestinal tract contains a vast array of microbial populations; some members of this very diversified ... Not only are the microbes influenced by the dog's environment, but they are also affected by the macronutrient content of the ...
Nasogastric aspiration is mainly used to remove gastrointestinal secretions and swallowed air in patients with gastrointestinal ... Nasogastric aspiration (suction) is the process of draining the stomach's contents via the tube. ... gravity empties the stomach's contents. It can also be appended to a suction system, however this method is often restricted to ... have undergone a pneumonectomy in order to prevent anesthesia-related vomiting and possible aspiration of any stomach contents ...
"Electrometric pH determinations of the walls and contents of the gastro-intestinal tracts of normal albino rats". Univ. Calif. ...
Most umbilical hernias in infants and children close spontaneously and rarely have complications of gastrointestinal-content ... If the hernia content get trapped combined with severe pain, inability to perform bowel movement or pass gas, swelling, fever, ... Usually hernia has content of bowel, abdominal fat or omentum, tissue that normally would reside inside the abdominal cavity if ... The bulge and its contents can easily be pushed back and reduced into the abdominal cavity.[citation needed] In contrast to an ...
... and the functional gastrointestinal disorders (1994), the Rome II Criteria for IBS (1999) and the functional gastrointestinal ... Retrieved from https://theromefoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/Meet-The-Rome-Foundation-2017-web.pdf https://theromefoundation ... Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders and the Rome IV process. In: Drossman DA, Chang L, Chey WD, Kellow J, Tack J, Whitehead ... Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders and the Rome IV process. In: Drossman DA, Chang L, Chey WD, Kellow J, Tack J, Whitehead ...
"Potassium Content of Selected Foods per Common Measure, sorted by nutrient content" (PDF). USDA National Nutrient Database for ... hormone secretion and action vascular tone systemic blood pressure control gastrointestinal motility acid-base homeostasis ... The potassium content of most plants ranges from 0.5% to 2% of the harvested weight of crops, conventionally expressed as ... Potassium content in the plasma is tightly controlled by four basic mechanisms, which have various names and classifications. ...
More than 50% of the world's population has H. pylori in their upper gastrointestinal tracts.[6] Infection is more common in ... The low GC-content of the cag PAI relative to the rest of the Helicobacter genome suggests the island was acquired by ... Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of certain diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Rising antibiotic resistance ... Tsuji S, Kawai N, Tsujii M, Kawano S, Hori M (July 2003). "Review article: inflammation-related promotion of gastrointestinal ...
The closest relative is the gastrointestinal pathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, and more distantly Yersinia enterocolitica. ... the pores used for Yop insertion into host cells and prevent YopB/D-induced rupture of host cells and release of cell contents ...
It is the sensation of inability or difficulty to empty the bowel at defecation, even if the bowel contents have already been ... It is frequently painful and may be accompanied by involuntary straining and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Tenesmus has both ...
If intestinal activity is high, amphetamine may reduce gastrointestinal motility (the rate at which content moves through the ... Gastrointestinal side effects may include abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and nausea. Other potential physical side ... Cite error: The named reference "Dyanavel" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Ramey JT, ... Recreational users sometimes open dexedrine capsules and crush the contents in order to insufflate it or subsequently dissolve ...
Bile acid sequestrants may cause gastrointestinal problems and may also reduce the absorption of other drugs and vitamins from ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. * This page was last edited on 16 June 2020, at 17:11 (UTC). ...
There are environmental signals, signals from the gastrointestinal system, and metabolic signals that trigger hunger. The ... Contents. *1 Eating practices among humans. *2 Development in humans *2.1 Eating positions ...
Gastrointestinal disturbances (abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting)[4]. *General malaise and fatigue[4] ... Contents. *1 Medical uses *1.1 Viral resistance. *2 Side effects. *3 Chemical properties ...
... it is usually in the gastrointestinal tract.[35] The incidence of bleeding into the gastrointestinal tract was reported to be ~ ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. * This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 17:42 (UTC) ... Sharma N, Cappell MS (September 2015). "Gastrointestinal and Hepatic Manifestations of Ebola Virus Infection". Digestive ... Sharma, Nisha; Cappell, Mitchell S. (1 September 2015). "Gastrointestinal and Hepatic Manifestations of Ebola Virus Infection ...
... allowing them to shrink the size of the gastrointestinal tract relative to body mass and to increase the brain mass instead.[ ... Contents. *1 Etymology of paleolithic. *2 Paleogeography and climate. *3 Human way of life *3.1 Distribution ...
Hypertrophic scars are uncommon and are characterized by increased collagen content after the abnormal healing response.[32] ... appears to have similar efficacy to 100 milligrams daily and has fewer gastrointestinal side effects.[15] However, low-dose ... by acne due to their ability to decrease skin inflammation and improve skin moisture by increasing the skin's ceramide content. ...
Entamoeba histolytica is a unicellular parasitic protozoan that infects the lower gastrointestinal tract of humans. The ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. *Terms of Use ...
From there it is transferred to the gastrointestinal tract, which is mostly suspended from the roof of the mantle cavity by ... with well-filled stomach and contented mind.. ...
Absorption of orally administered levothyroxine from the gastrointestinal tract ranges from 40 to 80%, with the majority of the ... Contents. *1 Medical use *1.1 Elderly. *1.2 Pregnancy and breastfeeding. *1.3 Children ...
This drug article relating to the gastrointestinal system is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ...
81 (1): 107-38, table of contents. doi:10.1111/1468-0009.00040. PMC 2690192 . PMID 12669653.. ... gastrointestinal disorders,[131] kinetic imbalance due to suboccipital strain (KISS) in infants,[126][132] menstrual cramps,[ ... The curriculum content of North American chiropractic and medical colleges with regard to basic and clinical sciences has been ... "Content of practice". In Cherkin DC, Mootz RD. Chiropractic in the United States: Training, Practice, and Research. Rockville ...
Upper gastrointestinal series/Small-bowel follow-through/Lower gastrointestinal series. *Cholangiography/Cholecystography ... Contents. *1 Medical uses *1.1 Projectional radiography. *1.2 Computed tomography. *1.3 Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry ...
a true active gastrointestinal bleed: vomiting blood, vomiting coffee-grind like material, defecating blood or black tarry ... Contents. *1 Usage. *2 Usage as a screening tool *2.1 In colorectal cancer screening of asymptomatic adults aged 50 to 75 ... and you are concerned that Gastrointestinal malignancy may be the cause for their anemia;[4][5][6][7] ... "Fecal occult blood testing in hospitalized patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding". Journal of Hospital Medicine. 12 (7 ...
Infection typically occurs by direct or indirect exposure to animal excrement through the respiratory or gastrointestinal ... Less commonly there may be bleeding from the mouth or gastrointestinal tract.[1] The risk of death once infected is about one ...
These pollutants can cause gastrointestinal cancers and greater vulnerability to infectious diseases.[102] They can also be ... "Stomach content analysis of minke whales from the Lofoten and Vesterålen areas, Norway". Ecography. 1 (3): 219-222. doi ...
Upper gastrointestinal series/Small-bowel follow-through/Lower gastrointestinal series. *Cholangiography/Cholecystography ...
... and the gastrointestinal tract cause vomit containing blood, hence the Spanish name for yellow fever, vómito negro ("black ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. *Terms of Use ...
... gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts.The various diseases often overlap in clinical and histological presentation and, ... Contents. *1 Etymology. *2 History. *3 Training *3.1 United States. *3.2 United Kingdom ...
... because the gastrointestinal tract protects itself against carcinomas by shedding its outer layer continuously.[citation needed ... Contents. *1 Description. *2 Sources. *3 History. *4 Toxicity *4.1 Nervous system ... "Basal and inducible CYP1 mRNA quantitation and protein localization throughout the mouse gastrointestinal tract". Free Radic ...
"Understanding the Physics of Functional Fibers in the Gastrointestinal Tract: An Evidence-Based Approach to Resolving Enduring ... Contents. *1 History. *2 Structure. *3 β-glucan types *3.1 Fermentable fiber ... "High-Amylose Resistant Starch Increases Hormones and Improves Structure and Function of the Gastrointestinal Tract: A ...
Recreational exposure to cyanobacteria can result in gastro-intestinal and hay fever symptoms or pruritic skin rashes.[2] ... Contents. *1 Cyanobacteria. *2 Harmful algal blooms. *3 Chemical structure. *4 Cyclic peptides *4.1 Microcystins ...
... a systematic review and meta-analysis of its incidence and rate of gastrointestinal bleeding". HPB. 13 (12): 839-845. doi: ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. *Terms of Use ...
Microbial gastrointestinal flora in a variety of animals have shown potential for the production of biofuels. Recent research ... Ethanol has roughly one-third lower energy content per unit of volume compared to gasoline. This is partly counteracted by the ... meaning it contains a reduced amount of carbon and higher hydrogen and oxygen content than fossil diesel. This improves the ... estimates for the realistic replacement of all vehicular fuel with biofuels by using algae that have a natural oil content ...
The initial site of infection may be the tonsils,[4] or possibly the gastrointestinal tract.[5] The virus then remains latent ... Contents. *1 Infection and pathogenesis. *2 Other strains and novel pathological syndromes ... "JC virus DNA sequences are frequently present in the human upper and lower gastrointestinal tract". Gastroenterology. 119 (5): ... in the gastrointestinal tract[6] and can also infect the tubular epithelial cells in the kidneys,[7] where it continues to ...
Diets with a high content of fruit and vegetables are vastly praised and renowned for their health-promoting characteristics ( ... Aid natural growth and development (Deen & Hark, 2007) Maintain optimal functioning of nervous, gastrointestinal and ... composed of substantial amounts fruit and vegetables have held high precedence within dietary guidelines due to their contents ...
There is no standardized method for measuring the lactose content of food.[58] The stated dairy content of a product also ... "A biopsy-based quick test in the diagnosis of duodenal hypolactasia in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy". Endoscopy. 38 (7): ... Cheese - fermentation also reduces the lactose content of cheeses and aging reduces it further; traditionally made hard cheeses ... identifying presence of lactase enzyme on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy instruments.[43] However, for research applications ...
GAG - gamma globulin - gamma interferon - ganglion - GART - gastrointestinal (GI) - gene - gene therapy - genetic engineering ... Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. *Terms of Use ...
A 2018 study found higher instances of breast cancer, melanoma, uterine, gastrointestinal, cervical, and thyroid cancers ... gastrointestinal cancer (0.47% compared to 0.27% - a 74% increase), thyroid cancer (0.67% compared to 0.56%) and higher rates ... Contents. *1 History. *2 Overview *2.1 Responsibilities. *2.2 Chief Purser. *2.3 Purser ...
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.. * This page was last edited on 9 August 2020, at 10:13 (UTC). ... appears to have similar efficacy to 100 milligrams daily and has fewer gastrointestinal side effects.[15] However, low-dose ... Hypertrophic scars are uncommon and are characterized by increased collagen content after the abnormal healing response.[32] ... by acne due to their ability to decrease skin inflammation and improve skin moisture by increasing the skin's ceramide content. ...
Roflumilast and cilomilast may be associated with side effects such as gastrointestinal issues and weight loss. Sleep ... Contents. *1 Signs and symptoms *1.1 Cough. *1.2 Shortness of breath. *1.3 Physical activity limitation ...
... which score high on the acidic content, are not harmful to the upper gastrointestinal tract (GI), says a new study. ... Contrary to popular belief, beverages like fruit juices, soft drinks, alcohol, etc., which score high on the acidic content, ... Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should ... are not harmful to the upper gastrointestinal tract (GI), says a new study. ...
Skip to main content This site uses cookies. More info Close By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of ... Medical history of gastrointestinal events was not controlled for, and the indications for the drugs were not known. Finally, ... Risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation associated with individual non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.Lancet ... A case was defined as any patient within the study population who had an ICD-9 code for upper gastrointestinal bleeding or ...
Gastric Content of the Liquid Test Meals in Rats with Gastrointestinal Neoplasias Induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosoguanidineand 1,2 ... Gastric Content of the Liquid Test Meals in Rats with Gastrointestinal Neoplasias Induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosoguanidineand 1,2 ... Gastric Content of the Liquid Test Meals in Rats with Gastrointestinal Neoplasias Induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosoguanidineand 1,2 ... The remained gastric content in rats 20 min after the application of the noncaloric test substance (% of applied test meal) is ...
Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research, Volume 22. Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research, Frontiers of Gastrointestinal ... Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research, Volume 14. Leo Van der Reis. Snippet view - 1988. ... monitoring evaluation fundoplication Galmiche JP gastric acid Gastroenterology gastroesophageal reflux disease gastrointestinal ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Frontiers_of_Gastrointestinal_Research.html?id=FAdsAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb- ...
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Table of contents (6 chapters). Table of contents (6 chapters) * DWI Techniques and Methods for GI Tract Imaging ... Diffusion Weighted Imaging of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Book Subtitle. Techniques and Clinical Applications. Editors. * Sofia ... Diffusion Weighted Imaging of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Techniques and Clinical Applications. Editors: Gourtsoyianni, Sofia, ...
There is no doubt that among these parasitic diseases, the helminthic infections of the gastrointestinal tract are about the ... Table of contents (15 chapters). Table of contents (15 chapters) * Introduction. Pages 1-5 ... Chemotherapy of Gastrointestinal Helminths. Editors: Vanden Bossche, H., Thienpont, D., Janssens, P.G. (Eds.) ... There is no doubt that among these parasitic diseases, the helminthic infections of the gastrointestinal tract are about the ...
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  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors in patients with neurofibromatosis: a clinicopathologic and molecular genetic study of 45 cases. (springer.com)
  • Clinical management of gastrointestinal stromal tumors: before and after STI-571. (nih.gov)
  • Robust Activity of Avapritinib, Potent and Highly Selective Inhibitor of Mutated KIT, in Patient-derived Xenograft Models of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors. (nih.gov)
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are commonly treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). (nih.gov)
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and leiomyosarcomas (LMSs) are common mesenchymal tumors with remarkably similar phenotypic features ( 1 , 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • The FDA granted priority review to ripretinib for treatment of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors, according to a press release from the agent's manufacturer. (healio.com)
  • The FDA previously granted fast track and breakthrough therapy designations to the agent for use by patients with previously treated advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). (healio.com)
  • Patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors faced an increased risk for developing additional cancers before and after their diagnosis, according to results of a SEER analysis. (healio.com)
  • Only 5% of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors have a hereditary disorder that predisposes them to develop multiple benign and malignant tumors," Jason K. Sicklick, MD, of the division of surgical oncology at the UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, said in a press release. (healio.com)
  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are rare in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. (springer.com)
  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (inflammatory pseudotumors) of the gastrointestinal tract: How closely are they related to inflammatory fibroid polyps? (springer.com)
  • The report is an essential source of information and analysis on the global Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market. (prnewswire.com)
  • The report identifies the key trends shaping and driving the global Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market. (prnewswire.com)
  • Most importantly, the report provides valuable insights on the pipeline products within the global Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors sector. (prnewswire.com)
  • The report provides information on the key drivers and challenges of the Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market. (prnewswire.com)
  • Annualized seven key markets (US, France , Germany , Italy , Spain , UK and Japan ) Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market revenues data from 2005 to 2009, forecast for eight years to 2017. (prnewswire.com)
  • Analysis of the current and future competition in the seven key countries Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market. (prnewswire.com)
  • Key topics covered include strategic competitor assessment, market characterization, unmet needs and the implications for the Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors therapeutics market. (prnewswire.com)
  • Develop business strategies by understanding the trends shaping and driving the global Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market. (prnewswire.com)
  • Drive revenues by understanding the key trends, innovative products and technologies, market segments and companies likely to impact the global Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market in future. (prnewswire.com)
  • What's the next big thing in the global Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors market landscape? (prnewswire.com)
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are mesenchymal in origin. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • It is a mesenchymal tumor, generally with immunohistochemistry expression of CD117-cluster of differentiation molecule 117/KIT (kinase-tyrosine receptor of stem cell factor), driven frequently by KIT or PDGFA (platelet-derived growth factor alpha) activation mutations, that occurs along the gastrointestinal tract, rarely extra-gastrointestinal tract (E-GIST), and displays a spectrum of benign to malignant clinical behavior. (springer.com)
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract. (nih.gov)
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) has emerged as a clinically distinct type of sarcoma with frequent overexpression and mutation of the c-Kit oncogene and a favorable response to imatinib mesylate [also known as STI571 (Gleevec)] therapy. (pnas.org)
  • Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Qinlock (ripretinib) tablets as the first new drug specifically approved as a fourth-line treatment for advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), a type of tumor that originates in the gastrointestinal tract. (fda.gov)
  • Researchers used the SEER database to identify 6,112 patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) between 2001 and 2011. (healio.com)
  • In dogs, adenocarcinoma is the most common gastric and large intestinal neoplasm, whereas lymphoma is more frequently seen in the small intestine , followed by adenocarcinoma and sarcomas such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and leiomyosarcoma. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • In 20 comprehensive yet concise chapters, the experts at MD Anderson describe their current standard approach to treating gastrointestinal malignancies. (mdanderson.org)
  • A total of 39 patients with various advanced stage (stage IV) gastrointestinal malignancies were enrolled. (wiley.com)
  • Gushchin is the director of gastrointestinal oncology at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, taking a special interest in peritoneal surface malignancies such as mesothelioma. (asbestos.com)
  • This issue of Radiation Medicine Rounds focuses on lower gastrointestinal malignancies. (springerpub.com)
  • All 2583 residents of Rochester, Minnesota, who had gallstones initially diagnosed during the years 1950 to 1970 were followed for the development of gastrointestinal malignancies. (annals.org)
  • Although 69 members of the cohort subsequently developed 72 gastrointestinal malignancies, this number of cases did not exceed the 76 cases expected (relative risk, 1.0). (annals.org)
  • The actual incidence of other gastrointestinal malignancies in our cohort with gallstones did not exceed the expected incidence in the general population of Rochester, Minnesota. (annals.org)
  • A practical and concise guide to gastrointestinal, hepatic, and nutrition disorders in the pediatric patient. (indigo.ca)
  • Gastrointestinal (GIT) disorders belong to the most commonly observed problems in small animal medicine. (vin.com)
  • Therefore, survey radiography and ultrasonography maintain a key role for the evaluation of gastrointestinal disorders. (vin.com)
  • The use of ultrasound contrast media may provide much more information on the hemodynamic nature and architecture of parenchymal lesions and will hopefully lead to increased diagnostic accuracy in gastrointestinal disorders in the future. (vin.com)
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders Chapter 5. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumours: Origin and molecular oncology. (springer.com)
  • This textbook discusses core principles and practices in gastrointestinal oncology and covers a wide range of practice areas such as pathology and radiologic images, epidemiology, genetics, staging, multidisciplinary management of specific gastrointestinal cancer, and pathology for each primary tumor site. (worldcat.org)
  • The comprehensive coverage makes Textbook of Gastrointestinal Oncology a useful resource for the practitioner wishing to gain a greater understanding of the principles of managing malignant gastrointestinal disease, as well as medical oncology fellows, surgeons, radiation oncologists, gastroenterologists and fellows, and residents. (worldcat.org)
  • Cancers of the gastrointestinal tract remain a major challenge for cancer specialists in the United States and worldwide. (mdanderson.org)
  • Our results showed that some proinflammatory cytokine levels were increased and leptin level was decreased due to upper gastrointestinal cancers. (wiley.com)
  • The treatment options for gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, in particular, have increased with the introduction of novel pharmacological and other treatment modalities. (oup.com)
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms related to radiation tend not to be as severe as those from by chemo, except in children who get radiation to the pelvis or abdomen. (kidshealth.org)
  • Within hours of gluten exposure, either perorally or extraorally by intradermal injection, treated patients experience gastrointestinal symptoms. (sciencemag.org)
  • Supported by studies of patient-derived gluten-specific T cell clones and primary lymphocytes, our observations indicate that gluten-specific CD4 + T cells are rapidly reactivated by antigen -exposure likely causing CeD-associated gastrointestinal symptoms. (sciencemag.org)
  • Patients with a history of any gastrointestinal toxicity, particularly those who are elderly, should report any unusual abdominal symptoms, particularly in the initial stages of treatment. (www.gov.uk)
  • Lopes J.M. (2017) Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor. (springer.com)
  • Lopes J.M. (2017) Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor, Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. (springer.com)
  • Specific sections deal with Physiology and Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation of Disease, Clinical Manifestations and Management (discussing the Mouth and Esophagus, The Stomach and Duodenum, The Intestine, and The Pancreas), Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Diseases, and Principles of Therapy. (ecampus.com)
  • However, the complete human digestive system is made up of the gastrointestinal tract plus the accessory organs of digestion (the tongue , salivary glands , pancreas , liver and gallbladder ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Atypical etiology of massive gastrointestinal bleeding: arterio-enteric fistula following enteric drained pancreas transplant. (jaoa.org)
  • Pancreas weight and cellular morphology appeared normal, although pancreatic amylase content was elevated in CCK-deficient mice. (physiology.org)
  • We have examined the overall histology of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the ability of the pancreas to adapt to changes in dietary protein in this model. (physiology.org)
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopy is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering gastroenterology, especially as relating to endoscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is published by Elsevier and the official publication of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The journal was established as the Bulletin of the American Gastroscopic Society, was continued as the Bulletin of Gastroscopy and Esophagoscopy from 1959 to 1961, then as the Bulletin of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy until 1965 when it obtained its current name. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its nutritional content means it can promote heart health and strong bones and protect against cancer . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Gastrointestinal Cancer , the third volume of the MD Anderson Cancer Care Series, details MD Anderson Cancer Center's current standard approach to the care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. (mdanderson.org)
  • This thorough, practical volume, which includes more than 60 photographs and line drawings, is an essential clinical guide for oncologists, surgeons, and all physicians involved in the care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. (mdanderson.org)
  • The MD Anderson Cancer Care Series: Gastrointestinal Cancer. (mdanderson.org)
  • The aim was to investigate the serum levels of leptin, TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, insulin, and growth hormone in patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer and cachexia. (wiley.com)
  • We studied the effects of the induction or inhibition of cancer-related genes and immature status-related genes whose alterations have been reported in gastrointestinal cancer cells. (pnas.org)
  • The results indicated that introduction of transcription factor genes into gastrointestinal cancer cells resulted in reprogramming of cells to a pluripotent state and sensitized them to differentiation induction. (pnas.org)
  • This concise yet comprehensive pocket guide provides primary care practitioners, oncologists and other healthcare professionals who regularly treat cancer patients with essential, evidence-based guidance on the diagnosis, treatment and management of gastrointestinal cancer. (oup.com)
  • Benign and malignant tumours involving the gastrointestinal tract may cause disturbances in gastric motility, including delayed emptying. (scialert.net)
  • The main topics were: Gastrointestinal secretory and excretory fuctions Gastrointestinal motility Biochemical-pharmacological mechanisms in neural and hormonal actions involved in GI functions Main normal and pathological biochemical mechanisms in GI functions GI mucosal injury and protection Molecular mechanisms of premalignant and malignant diseases in GI tract Use of isolated cells and cell cultures in bioochemical-pharmacological studies to approach GI diseases. (indigo.ca)
  • Gastrointestinal Motility. (indigo.ca)
  • It provides insight into the stomach and bowel wall architecture, GIT content, and motility. (vin.com)
  • Gastrointestinal motility should be evaluated. (vin.com)
  • Remained gastric content of rats tested with intestinal tumours was not statistically significant in comparison with remained gastric content of rats with (p = 0.901) or without gastric tumours (p = 0.406). (scialert.net)
  • There is an increasing tendency to incriminate abnormalities in gastric emptying in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal disease. (scialert.net)
  • The gastric food content was regarded as intake of milk and expressed as difference between the filled minus empty stomach. (elsevier.com)
  • The exogenous agents did not influence gastric content. (elsevier.com)
  • Gastric contents are difficult to judge. (vin.com)
  • To evaluate the relation between topically applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation. (bmj.com)
  • A case-control study with 1103 patients admitted to hospital for upper gastrointestinal bleeding or perforation between January 1990 and December 1992 (cases). (bmj.com)
  • In this study topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were not significantly associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation after adjustment for the confounding effects of concomitant use of oral anti-inflammatories and ulcer healing drugs. (bmj.com)
  • NSAIDs, including celecoxib, cause an increased risk of serious gastrointestinal adverse events including bleeding, ulceration, and perforation of the stomach or intestines, which can be fatal. (nih.gov)
  • Ketoprofen and ketorolac are contraindicated in patients with active peptic ulcer, or with any history of gastrointestinal bleeding, ulceration, or perforation. (www.gov.uk)
  • Gastrointestinal perforation, also known as ruptured bowel, is a hole in the wall of part of the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perforation anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract typically requires emergency surgery in the form of an exploratory laparotomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gastrointestinal perforation results in severe abdominal pain intensified by movement, nausea, vomiting and hematemesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite recent advances, the pathogenesis and therapy of various forms of chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract remains problematical. (bookdepository.com)
  • This new edition also incorporates enhanced clinical coverage, with additional material on common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and their management, clinical assessment and examination, common skills and further investigations. (elsevier.com)
  • GISTs most commonly occur in the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine but can start anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract. (fda.gov)
  • Now in its 10th edition, Sleisenger and Fordtran s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease remains your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of gastroenterology and hepatology. (elsevier.com)
  • Meticulous updates throughout include the latest approaches and improvements in gastrointestinal and liver disease diagnosis and therapy as well as hundreds of images and 35 new procedural videos. (elsevier.com)
  • However we are now entering an exciting era, as many new 5HT modulating drugs are becoming available for treating functional gastrointestinal (GI) disease. (wiley.com)
  • Gastrointestinal conditions (including peptic ulcer disease, reflux, nausea and vomiting and inflammatory bowel disease). (edu.au)
  • This new edition of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease is dedicated to the maintenance of a comprehensive approach to the practice of Pediatric Gastroenterology. (ecampus.com)
  • A second objective instrument was developed to determine if individuals interviewed in the study were ill with an infectious gastrointestinal disease. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Individuals were interviewed using the Surface Source Water System Gastrointestinal Disease Evaluation instrument to determine if they had an infectious gastrointestinal disease. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The chi square statistic was used to determine if there was a significant difference between the number of people with and without an infectious gastrointestinal disease using inadequately constructed individual, surface source water systems. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The quantification of gastrointestinal blood flow with Doppler Ultrasound may provide new insights into the pathophysiology of both inflammatory and neoplastic disease. (vin.com)
  • The effects of infusion of intestinal luminal contents into excluded ileum in 3 patients with Crohn's disease who had undergone a curative ileocolonic resection with ileocolonic anastomosis and temporary protective proximal loop ileostomy were studied by histopathology and electron microscopy. (nih.gov)
  • Intestinal contents trigger postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease in the terminal ileum proximal to the ileocolonic anastomosis in the first days after surgery. (nih.gov)
  • Ultrasound enables rapid and local delivery of drugs to the gastrointestinal tract for treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as ulcerative colitis. (sciencemag.org)
  • In: Carneiro F., Chaves P., Ensari A. (eds) Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. (springer.com)
  • Surgical margin status and prognosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor. (springer.com)
  • Kinase mutations and imatinib response in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal tumor. (springer.com)
  • Contrary to popular belief, beverages like fruit juices, soft drinks, alcohol, etc., which score high on the acidic content, are not harmful to the upper gastrointestinal tract (GI), says a new study. (medindia.net)
  • Significant unadjusted associations were detected between all three classes of drug and upper gastrointestinal complications. (bmj.com)
  • The upper gastrointestinal tract consists of the mouth , pharynx , esophagus , stomach , and duodenum . (wikipedia.org)
  • The global Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Device market is valued at xx million US$ in 2018 and will reach xx million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2019-2025. (express-press-release.net)
  • [05-13-2014] In its ongoing review of the blood thinner Pradaxa (dabigatran), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently completed a new study in Medicare patients comparing Pradaxa to the blood thinner warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven, and generics), for risk of ischemic or clot-related stroke, bleeding in the brain, major gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, myocardial infarction (MI), and death. (fda.gov)
  • The study also found an increased risk of major gastrointestinal bleeding with use of Pradaxa as compared to warfarin. (fda.gov)
  • FDA completed an observational cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries that compared Pradaxa (dabigatran) and warfarin for rates of ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, major gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, myocardial infarction (MI), and death. (fda.gov)
  • This differentiates the embryonic borders between the foregut and midgut, and is also the division commonly used by clinicians to describe gastrointestinal bleeding as being of either "upper" or "lower" origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding after rejection of pancreatic transplants. (jaoa.org)
  • Bleeding may occur anywhere along the digestive (gastrointestinal [GI]) tract, from the mouth to the anus. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Corticosteroids, antiplatelet agents, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may increase the risk of gastrointestinal ulceration or bleeding. (www.gov.uk)
  • Most congenital gastrointestinal (GI) anomalies result in some type of intestinal obstruction, frequently manifesting with feeding difficulties, distention, and emesis at birth or within 1 or 2 days. (merckmanuals.com)
  • A hole allows intestinal contents to enter the abdominal cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • GISTs arise when abnormal cells form in the tissues of the gastrointestinal tract. (fda.gov)
  • We hypothesized that liquid test meal without a calorific value injected directly into the rats stomach by a sonde, may be emptied from the stomach both with and without gastrointestinal tumours at different rate. (scialert.net)
  • The rate of transfer of intragastric contents to the duodenum seems to depend on the balance between propulsive forces and the resistance offered by the distal antrum, the pylorus and the duodenum (Kelly, 1989). (scialert.net)
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Device is a thin, soft tube that goes into the stomach and allows doctors to look directly at lesions in the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, especially small lesions. (express-press-release.net)
  • Similar to the first edition, the goal of Mayo Clinic Gastrointestinal Imaging Review, 2nd Edition is to provide an atlas of common abnormalities that affect the gastrointestinal tract. (oup.com)
  • Aim of this study was to investigate how gastrointestinal hormones such as exogenous s.c. caerulein (6 μg/kg body weight), secretin (100 U/kg body weight), bombesin (20 μg/kg body weight, s.c. (elsevier.com)
  • Focusing solely on adult conditions, the book is divided into 13 chapters covering a separate organ within the gastrointestinal system and a final exam chapter reviewing all chapter content. (oup.com)
  • Each chapter has an associated algorithm, which summarises the contents of the chapter, providing an aide memoir for the reader and facilitating learning, as well as being a quick reference tool. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • The mouth , esophagus , stomach and intestines are part of the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] The human gastrointestinal tract consists of the esophagus , stomach , and intestines, and is divided into the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) happens when stomach contents come back up into the esophagus . (nih.gov)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) happens when an infant's lower esophageal sphincter is not fully developed, and the muscle lets the stomach contents back up the esophagus . (nih.gov)
  • Once the stomach contents move up into the esophagus, the infant will regurgitate, or spit up. (nih.gov)
  • This weakness or relaxation lets the stomach contents come back up into the esophagus. (nih.gov)
  • The most common ultrasound findings with gastrointestinal neoplasia are abnormal hypoechoic thickening of the stomach or bowel walls, loss of its normal layered appearance, and changes in the contour of the mucosal and/or serosal surfaces. (vin.com)
  • Common neoplasia includes gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma in dogs and lymphoma in cats. (vin.com)
  • The Gastrointestinal Section of the International Union of Pharmacology (IUPHAR) was established in 1994 in Montreal, Canada. (indigo.ca)
  • The establishment of the GI Section recognizes the international progress of gastrointestinal pharmacology, including basic and human studies. (indigo.ca)
  • The Gastrointestinal Section of IUPHAR organized the first symposium, Biochemical Pharmacology as an Approach to Gastrointestinal Diseases: from Basic Science to Clinical Perspectives, on 10-12 October, 1995, in Pécs, Hungary. (indigo.ca)
  • The bone marrow toxicity of radiation can be mitigated with a bone marrow transplant, but there are no approved treatments for another lethal effect of radiation, gastrointestinal toxicity. (sciencemag.org)
  • 3 Most commonly, gastrointestinal (GI) tract irAEs result in mild to moderate diarrhea or colitis. (jaoa.org)
  • Gastrointestinal lymphoma most commonly affects the small intestine as well as extra-GI organs such as the liver. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Gastrointestinal is an adjective meaning of or pertaining to the stomach and intestines . (wikipedia.org)
  • éntera ) is the segment of the gastrointestinal tract extending from the pyloric sphincter of the stomach to the anus and, as in other mammals, consists of two segments, the small intestine and the large intestine . (wikipedia.org)
  • In the present case, a woman who received ipilimumab 2 weeks prior was found to have severe, diffuse corticosteroid-refractory gastrointestinal tract toxic injury affecting the stomach, small bowel, and colon. (jaoa.org)
  • This article - the second in a six-part series on the gastrointestinal tract - describes the role of the stomach in chemical and mechanical digestion, regulation of hunger, eradication of pathogens and nutrient absorption. (nursingtimes.net)
  • Although epidemiological studies have suggested that piroxicam is associated with a higher gastrointestinal risk than most non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), these studies have also raised concern about the relative gastrointestinal safety of ketorolac 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 and ketoprofen. (www.gov.uk)
  • The gastrointestinal tract ( digestive tract , digestional tract , GI tract , GIT , gut , or alimentary canal ) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces . (wikipedia.org)
  • An effective digestive function and the absorption of nutrients, the absence of gastrointestinal diseases, a high immune status, well-being of the animals and a stable, healthy gut flora is closely linked to gut health. (pigprogress.net)
  • The book begins with descriptions of the biology of gastrointestinal nematodes, the harm they cause to the host and their economic impact. (wiley.com)
  • The gastrointestinal nematodes of Paramelomys lorentzii and Mammelomys spp. (degruyter.com)
  • The lower gastrointestinal tract includes most of the small intestine and all of the large intestine . (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, in a post-marketing study of 23590 patients exposed to topical felbinac 3% gel (Traxam), 327 patients experienced 331 adverse events, of which 24 were related to the gastrointestinal tract. (bmj.com)
  • Doctors and patients have long known there's some connection between the gastrointestinal tract and Parkinson's. (nationalpost.com)
  • Elderly patients are at greater risk for serious gastrointestinal (GI) events. (nih.gov)
  • 5 Gastrointestinal tract toxic injury is the second most frequently encountered site of toxic injury, after skin, occurring in approximately 30% to 35% of patients presenting with toxic injury. (jaoa.org)
  • Appropriate patients preparation such as overnight fasting should avoid excessive gas in the lumen and thus allow better visualization of the gastrointestinal tract. (vin.com)
  • On up to three occasions with the high phosphorus content meals the patients will ingest one of the three phosphate binders. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This concise introduction to the gastrointestinal system encapsulates the fundamental facts and principles of this rapidly growing and changing specialty. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • A literature search by the author revealed that effective measurement instruments for evaluation of relationships of gastrointestinal diseases and well construction quality were not readily available. (oregonstate.edu)
  • In order to promote and enhance the gastrointestinal microbiota, special feed additives such as probiotics, prebiotics and organic fatty acids or essential oils are becoming increasingly important in animal feeding. (pigprogress.net)
  • Written by experienced clinicians and teachers, the text covers the basic concepts of both the science surrounding the gastrointestinal system and the basics of clinical practice in an accessible, lucid format. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • The journal is abstracted and indexed in Index Medicus/MEDLINE/PubMed, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, Current Contents/Life Sciences, Science Citation Index, Embase, and Scopus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ill students were identified at two of the three schools (schools A and B). An investigation was conducted among 59 students in grades 6--7 from school A and 63 students in grades 5--6 from school B. Illness was defined as having at least one gastrointestinal symptom (nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, or diarrhea) and one neurologic symptom (headache, dizziness, tingling, or burning in mouth) within 24 hours of lunch consumption. (cdc.gov)
  • Illness was defined as at least one gastrointestinal symptom (nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, or diarrhea) and one neurologic symptom (headache, dizziness, tingling, or burning in mouth) within 24 hours of consuming the meal. (cdc.gov)
  • Because of a lack of clear differentiation in the data, the common public health concept that quality of construction of individual surface source water systems as a factor in the spread of infectious gastrointestinal diseases cannot be supported or refuted. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Gastrointestinal Absorption of Heparin by Lipidization or Coadmin. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • This review examined the literature, mostly published between January 2000 and January 2005, pertaining to the gastrointestinal absorption of heparin by lipidization or coadministration with penetration enhancers. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Since gas is a barrier to ultrasound, ultrasound examinations of the gastrointestinal tracts have been considered as limited. (vin.com)
  • 1. Describe the pathophysiology and management (pharmacological and non-pharmacological) of gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary conditions. (edu.au)