A species in the genus GARDNERELLA previously classified as Haemophilus vaginalis. This bacterium, also isolated from the female genital tract of healthy women, is implicated in the cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL).
A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.
Inflammation of the vagina characterized by pain and a purulent discharge.
Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.
A genus of PASTEURELLACEAE that consists of several species occurring in animals and humans. Its organisms are described as gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccobacillus or rod-shaped, and nonmotile.
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A genus of bacteria found in the human genital and urinary tract. It is considered to be a major cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL).
Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.
A common inhabitant of the vagina and cervix and a potential human pathogen, causing infections of the male and female reproductive tracts. It has also been associated with respiratory disease and pharyngitis. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A clear or white discharge from the VAGINA, consisting mainly of MUCUS.
A nitroimidazole used to treat AMEBIASIS; VAGINITIS; TRICHOMONAS INFECTIONS; GIARDIASIS; ANAEROBIC BACTERIA; and TREPONEMAL INFECTIONS. It has also been proposed as a radiation sensitizer for hypoxic cells. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985, p133), this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck, 11th ed).
A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.
Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are found in the human vagina, particularly in association with Gardnerella vaginalis in cases of bacterial vaginosis.
Class of BACTERIA with diverse morphological properties. Strains of Actinobacteria show greater than 80% 16S rDNA/rRNA sequence similarity among each other and also the presence of certain signature nucleotides. (Stackebrandt E. et al, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1997) 47:479-491)
A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.
Pathological processes of the VAGINA.
A common gynecologic disorder characterized by an abnormal, nonbloody discharge from the genital tract.
Infection of the VULVA and VAGINA with a fungus of the genus CANDIDA.
An anti-infective agent that is used topically to treat skin infections and orally for urinary tract infections.
A compound originally developed as an anticoagulant, but possessing anticomplement action and lowering the bactericidal action of blood. It is used in vitro to inhibit blood coagulation and as a diagnostic reagent to encourage the growth of pathogens in the blood. It is also used to stabilize colloidal solutions such as milk and gelatin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Infections in birds and mammals produced by various species of Trichomonas.
Inflammation of the head of the PENIS, glans penis.
Salts and esters of hippuric acid.
A species of gram-negative bacteria found in the human genitourinary tract (UROGENITAL SYSTEM), oropharynx, and anal canal. Serovars 1, 3, 6, and 14 have been reclassed into a separate species UREAPLASMA parvum.
Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, nonsporeforming, nonmotile rods. Organisms of this genus had originally been classified as members of the BACTEROIDES genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings in 1990 indicated the need to separate them from other Bacteroides species, and hence, this new genus was established.
All the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of URINE. It includes the kidneys, ureters, BLADDER; URETHRA, and the organs of reproduction - ovaries, UTERUS; FALLOPIAN TUBES; VAGINA; and CLITORIS in women and the testes; SEMINAL VESICLES; PROSTATE; seminal ducts; and PENIS in men.
Inflammation involving the URETHRA. Similar to CYSTITIS, clinical symptoms range from vague discomfort to painful urination (DYSURIA), urethral discharge, or both.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
A genus of parasitic flagellate EUKARYOTES distinguished by the presence of four anterior flagella, an undulating membrane, and a trailing flagellum.
A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.
A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
Substances elaborated by specific strains of bacteria that are lethal against other strains of the same or related species. They are protein or lipopolysaccharide-protein complexes used in taxonomy studies of bacteria.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
The destruction of ERYTHROCYTES by many different causal agents such as antibodies, bacteria, chemicals, temperature, and changes in tonicity.
Agents used to treat trichomonas infections.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of alpha-2,3, alpha-2,6-, and alpha-2,8-glycosidic linkages (at a decreasing rate, respectively) of terminal sialic residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid, and synthetic substrate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.

Activation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 expression by Gardnerella vaginalis. (1/222)

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with an increased rate of sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1, and Gardnerella vaginalis is frequently isolated from the genital tracts of women with BV. G. vaginalis lysates were found to significantly stimulate HIV expression in monocytoid cells. Stimulation was significantly higher when lysates were heated at 100 degrees C for 5 min but was reduced by treatment with lysozyme or protease. G. vaginalis lysates also activated HIV expression in certain T cell lines. G. vaginalis lysates activated HIV long-terminal repeat transcription in HIV-infected cells and increased NF-kappaB binding activity, indicating an effect by G. vaginalis on HIV transcription. The activation of HIV production by G. vaginalis suggests that genital tract infection with G. vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission by increasing HIV expression in the genital tract. This may explain, at least in part, the increased rate of HIV transmission in women with BV.  (+info)

The effects of three nonoxynol-9 preparations on vaginal flora and epithelium. (2/222)

To evaluate the effects of nonoxynol-9 (N-9) on the vaginal flora and epithelium, 48 women (16 in each group) were evaluated by use of quantitative vaginal cultures and colposcopy. at baseline and at 0.5, 4, 24, 48, and 72 h after insertion of one of three N-9 preparations (4% gel [Conceptrol], 3.5% gel [Advantage-24], or a 28% vaginal contraceptive film). The proportion positive for H2O2+ or H2O2- lactobacilli did not change significantly with any of the preparations, but lactobacilli concentrations decreased transiently. Both the proportion of women with Gardnerella vaginalis and the concentration of G. vaginalis decreased transiently. The proportion of women with Escherichia coli increased with the 4% gel, and the concentration increased with all preparations. The number with anaerobic gram-negative rods increased, although the concentrations decreased. Symptoms and colposcopic abnormalities were rare. Changes in levels of vaginal bacteria were transient after single applications of N-9, but adverse effects may be enhanced with frequent, chronic use.  (+info)

Obligately anaerobic strains of Corynebacterium vaginale (Haemophilus vaginalis). (3/222)

Six obligately anaerobic strains of Corynebacterium vaginale (Haemophilus vaginalis) have been isolated and their characteristics studied. The reactions of the anaerobic strains, as well as of facultative strains tested under anaerobic conditions, are similar to the reactions previously reported for this species.  (+info)

Identification of a human lactoferrin-binding protein in Gardnerella vaginalis. (4/222)

Previous studies have shown that Gardnerella vaginalis can utilize iron-loaded human lactoferrin as a sole source of iron. In this study, G. vaginalis cells were shown to bind digoxigenin (DIG)-labeled human lactoferrin in a dot blot assay. Using the DIG-labeled human lactoferrin, a 120-kDa human lactoferrin-binding protein was detected by Western blot analysis of G. vaginalis proteins. The lactoferrin-binding activity of this protein was found to be heat stable. Competition studies indicated that this binding activity was specific for human lactoferrin. Treatment of G. vaginalis cells with proteases suggested that this protein was surface exposed. An increase in lactoferrin binding by the 120-kDa protein was observed in G. vaginalis cells grown under iron-restrictive conditions, suggesting that this activity may be iron regulated.  (+info)

Characterisation and selection of a Lactobacillus species to re-colonise the vagina of women with recurrent bacterial vaginosis. (5/222)

This paper reports the results of characterising and selecting a strain of Lactobacillus for potential use as a probiotic in regenerating the vaginal flora of women with recurrent episodes of bacterial vaginosis (BV). BV is a condition characterised by a depletion of vaginal lactobacilli accompanied by an overgrowth of a mixed vaginal flora of aerobic, anaerobic and micro-aerophilic species in very large numbers. BV has been associated with various gynaecological and obstetric complications and has an extremely high recurrence rate, due in part to the failure to establish a normal vaginal flora after antimicrobial therapy. A total of 60 vaginal isolates of lactobacilli was assessed for characteristics considered important for vaginal re-colonisation. The characteristics studied were the in-vitro inhibitory activity of the lactobacilli against bacterial species isolated from women with recurrent BV, acid production after growth of the lactobacilli in liquid culture, production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and adhesiveness of the lactobacilli to exfoliated vaginal epithelial cells (VEC). Four strains of lactobacilli, L. acidophilus (61701 and 61880), L. crispatus (55730) and L. delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii (65407), demonstrated the greatest inhibitory activity against the BV-associated bacterial species. Two of these isolates (55730 and 61880) produced H2O2. All four isolates produced a highly acidic environment after growth in liquid medium (pH <4). Only one of these (strain 61701) was strongly adherent to VEC (>100 bacteria/VEC). A further isolate (L. acidophilus 48101) did not demonstrate maximum inhibitory activity against BV-associated bacteria, but was found to be a strong producer of H2O2 and was also highly adherent to VEC. Isolates 61701 and 48101 could be candidates for use as probiotics for vaginal re-colonisation.  (+info)

Comparison of isolation of Haemophilus vaginalis (Corynebacterium vaginale) from peptone-starch-dextrose agar and Columbia colistin-nalidoxic acid agar. (6/222)

A total of 447 cervical or vaginal specimens were inoculated in parallel onto peptone-starch-dextrose (PSD) and Columbia colistin (10 mg/ml)-nalidixic acid (15 mug/ml) (CNA) agar and were incubated for 48 h at 35 degrees C in an atmosphere with 2 to 10% CO2. One hundred (22.4%) of the cultures were positive for Haemophilus vaginalis. Forty-eight of the isolates were recovered from both PSD and Columbia CNA agar, five from PSD only, and 47 from Columbia CNA agar only (P less than 0.001). On Columbia CNA agar, 76 of the isolates were detected after 24 h of incubation, and the remainder were detected within 4 days of incubation.  (+info)

Incidence of Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida sp and human papilloma virus in cytological smears. (7/222)

CONTEXT: In spite of the wide-ranging literature on the microbiology of normal and abnormal flora of the vagina, there are few studies on the relationship between human papilloma virus (HPV) and other vaginal microorganisms. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the frequency of infection by human papilloma virus (HPV) and other agents like Candida sp., Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis in cytological smears. DESIGN STUDY: Retrospective study SETTING: A public tertiary referral center. SAMPLE: An analysis of 17,391 cytologies from outpatients seen between January 1997 and August 1998. The control group was made up of patients in the same age group and same period with no cytological evidence of HPV infection. Patients with a diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) II or III were excluded from this analysis. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The diagnosis of HPV infection was made in accordance with the criteria of Schneider et al. and the diagnosis of Gardnerella vaginalis was made with a finding of clue cells. RESULTS: 390 (2. 24%) had alterations consistent with infection by HPV, sometimes associated with CIN I. The results showed that Gardnerella vaginalis was the most frequent agent in women with HPV infection (23.6% versus 17.4%; P <0.05), while in the control group the most frequent agent was Candida sp. (23.9% versus 13.8%; p <0.001). CONCLUSION: In spite of this study being based solely on cytological criteria, in which specific HPV and Gardnerella diagnostic tests were not used, the cytological smear is widely used in clinical practice and the data presented in this investigation show that there is an association between Gardnerella vaginalis and HPV infection. It remains to be established whether the microorganisms favor each other.  (+info)

The role of fomites in the transmission of vaginitis. (8/222)

A role for fomites such as toilet seats in the transmission of vaginitis has never been proved or disproved. A compilation of clinical data from a university community showed that the organisms found in vaginal cultures of patients with vaginitis were, in order of frequency. Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, beta-hemolytic streptococci, Hemophilus vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis. In a concurrent bacteriologic survey of washroom fixtures, staphylococci and other micrococci were isolated most frequently. The overt pathogens associated with vaginitis were never found, and gram-negative organisms appeared to be suppressed by the disinfectant used by the cleaning staff. It is clear that fomites are not an important mode of transmission in vaginitis, although a search for specific pathogens on toilets is to be continued.  (+info)

Haemagglutination and tissue culture adherence tests using a McCoy cell line were used to examine the adherence characteristics of 105 strains of Gardnerella vaginalis. Each strain represented one isolate per patient. For each patient, a direct smear of vaginal discharge was examined for clue cells. The relation between in vitro adherence and the presence of clue cells was examined. There seemed to be no appreciable relation between the presence of clue cells in smears and the haemagglutinating activity of strains. In contrast, adherence as judged by the McCoy tissue culture system showed a significant relation to the presence of clue cells (p less than 0.001). Though both adhesive characteristics were not inhibited by mannose, the mechanism of haemagglutination of human red cells appeared to differ from that of adherence of tissue culture cells. The findings imply that the clue cell phenomenon is due to attachment of adherent strains of G vaginalis to epithelial cells. Adherent strains of G ...
Gardnerella vaginalis bacteria. Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of Gardnerella vaginalis bacteria. This bacteria is found in the human urinary and genital tract. Increased numbers are associated with non-specific vaginitis (also known as bacterial vaginosis) in women. This vaginal infection is sexually transmitted and causes a watery, non-irritating discharge with a characteristic fishy odour. Treatment is with the antimicrobial drug metronidazole. Magnification:x10,043 at 6x7cm size x35,000 at 7.5x9.5 inch size. - Stock Image B220/1182
Test de gardnerella vaginalis (vaginita) - UTILIZARE TEST VAGINITAVeneris Test pentru Vaginita bacteriana, este un test rapid care detecteaza bacteriile Gardnerella vaginalis in urina si poate fi folosit cu usurinta la domiciliu atat de catre femei, cat s
Background: International recommendations in favor of screening for vaginal infection in pregnancy are based on heterogeneous criteria. In most developed countries, the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is only recommended for women with high-risk of preterm birth. The Nugent score is currently used, but molecular quantification tools have recently been reported with a high sensitivity and specificity. Their value for reducing preterm birth rates and related complications remains unexplored. This trial was designed to assess the cost-effectiveness of a systematic screen-and-treat program based on a point-of-care technique for rapid molecular diagnosis, immediately followed by an appropriate antibiotic treatment, to detect the presence of abnormal vaginal flora (specifically, Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis) before 20 weeks of gestation in pregnant women in France. We hypothesized that this program would translate into significant reductions in both the rate of preterm births and the medical
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Gardnerella vaginalis, gram-variable, facultative anaerobic, rod bacterium that causes bacterial vaginosis. Although a chief cause of bacterial vaginosis, it may be isolated from women without any signs or symptoms of infection. It is also known as Gardnerella vaginitis or Haemophilus vaginalis. It appears as a gram-negative rod, although it has been reported to have a gram-positive cell wall. It is associated microscopically with clue cells, which are epithelial cells covered in bacteria. Magnification: x3,400 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/2018
The vaginal microbiota can impact the susceptibility of women to bacterial vaginosis (BV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). BV is characterized by depletion of Lactobacillus spp., an overgrowth of anaerobes (often dominated by Gardnerella vaginalis) and a pH | 4.5. BV is associated with an increased risk of acquiring STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. While these associations have been identified, the molecular mechanism(s) driving the risk of infections are unknown. An ex vivo porcine vaginal mucosal model (PVM) was developed to explore the mechanistic role of Lactobacillus spp. in affecting colonization by G. vaginalis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The data presented here demonstrate that all organisms tested can colonize and grow on PVM to clinically relevant densities. Additionally, G. vaginalis and N. gonorrhoeae form biofilms on PVM. It was observed that lactic acid, acetic acid, and hydrochloric acid inhibit the growth of G. vaginalis on PVM in a pH-dependent manner. N. gonorrhoeae
Gardnerella vaginalis ATCC ® BAA-1154™ Designation: Vitek #500042 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain
Gardnerella vaginalis ATCC ® BAA-1154™ Designation: Vitek #500042 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain
2.Gardnerella vaginalis (Haemophilus vaginalis) 3.Diphteroides 4.Coci gram +( √ Staphylococcus epidermis). 5.Coci gram - :Neisseria gonorrheae Alti agenti etiologici Alti agenti etiologici Granuloma venerum Actinomyces israelii Leptotrix vaginalis Chlamydia( Bedsonia ) Mycobacterium Infectii fungice - Candida albicans Infectii parazitare - Trichomonas vaginalis Human Papilloma Virus ( HPV ) Herpes Simplex Virus ( HSV .. inaintea menstruatiei. cumargini drepte sau usor curbate Formeaza lanturi scurte - - . sarcina. menopauza precoce Bacili roz.Bacili Doderlein Bacili Doderlein este obisnuit la nivelul tractului genital inferior Bacil gram(+) aerob Determina citoliza cel.drepti sau usor curbati.I bogate in glicogen in faza secretorie.. Gardnerella vaginalis Gardnerella vaginalis -bacil gram (-) . albastru intens. scurt.in cuiburi pe suprafata cel. induce infiltrat neutrofilic si rari bacili  ..cu aspect caracteristic de cer innorat.se poate asocia cu Trichomonas vaginalis .. corpi ...
Results Median concentrations of A. vaginae and G. vaginalis were not significantly different among various age groups (A. vaginae p=0.98 and G. vaginalis p=0.18) or different trimesters (A. vaginae p=0.31 and G. vaginalis p=0.19), but differed significantly among the vaginal flora categories (A. vaginae p,0.001 and G. vaginalis p,0.001) and HIV status (A. vaginae p,0.001 and G. vaginalis p=0.004). The presence of A. vaginae (OR=5.8; 95% CI 1.34 to 25.21 and p value=0.02) but not that of G. vaginalis (OR=1.90; 95% CI 0.81 to 4.43 and p value=0.14) was associated with HIV infection. An A. vaginae DNA concentration of ≥107 copies/mL together with a positive G. vaginalis result (≥100 copies/mL) best discriminated between BV-positive (39/220) and non-BV categories (181/220) with a sensitivity of 85% (95% CI 0.70 to 0.94) and a specificity of 82% (95% CI 0.76 to 0.88). ...
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Bacterial vaginosis is a bacterial infection of the vagina caused by Gardnerella vaginalis. There are many types of bacteria present in a normal healthy vagina, of which lactobacilli is important in helping to maintain the normal acidic environment of the vagina, thus discouraging growth of harmful bacteria.. Under certain circumstances, there is a decrease in the number of lactobacilli, resulting in an overgrowth of other types of bacteria normally present in the vagina, such as Gardnerella vaginalis.. ...
The prevalence of BV defined by Nugent score was 21% (27/130), whereas the prevalence of an abnormal vaginal microbiota was 28% (36/130) defined by qPCR with high concentrations of Gardnerella vaginalis and/or Atopobium vaginae. The qPCR diagnostic approach had a sensitivity and specificity of respectively 93% and 93% for Nugent-defined BV. Furthermore, qPCR enabled the stratification of Nugent intermediate flora. Eighty-four patients completed IVF treatment. The overall clinical pregnancy rate was 35% (29/84). Interestingly, only 9% (2/22) with qPCR defined abnormal vaginal microbiota obtained a clinical pregnancy (P = 0.004).. ...
The prevalence of BV defined by Nugent score was 21% (27/130), whereas the prevalence of an abnormal vaginal microbiota was 28% (36/130) defined by qPCR with high concentrations of Gardnerella vaginalis and/or Atopobium vaginae. The qPCR diagnostic approach had a sensitivity and specificity of respectively 93% and 93% for Nugent-defined BV. Furthermore, qPCR enabled the stratification of Nugent intermediate flora. Eighty-four patients completed IVF treatment. The overall clinical pregnancy rate was 35% (29/84). Interestingly, only 9% (2/22) with qPCR defined abnormal vaginal microbiota obtained a clinical pregnancy (P = 0.004).. ...
Femisan Cream is indicated in the treatment of the bacterial vaginosis originated by Gardnerella vaginalis, anaerobic Mobiluncus spp and other bacteria like Bacteroides fragilis, as well as in mixed vaginitis and vaginal candidiasis. Available now at Medicines Mexico online Mexican pharmacy! Mexico pharmacy drugs
DISCLAIMER: The Diatherix Laboratories Sexually Transmitted Disease Panels are not recommended for evaluation of suspected sexual abuse or for other medico-legal indications.. NOTE: Because certain organisms are intracellular, there must be enough human cells present to detect the organism. Diatherix tests the specimen for human DNA to ensure that an adequate number of cells are present for a valid result.. 15:1 Panel Test code 95198. CPT Codes 87798×4, 87491, 87591, 87511, 87798, 87481. Atopobium vaginae, Candida Albicans, Candida Gladrata, Candida Parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, Gardnerella vaginalis, Herpes Dimplex Virus Types 1&2, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, Ureaplasma urealyticum. Endocervical Swab ...
A plethora of microorganisms are normally observed in the vaginal microflora; however, Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida and Trichomonas are primarily responsible for the majority of vaginal infections in women of reproductive age.
Gardnerella occurs when normal vaginal bacteria is displaced by anaerobic bacteria - mainly by a bacterium called Gardnerella vaginalis. The cause is unknown and is often found on routine testing of women who do not have any symptoms or signs of the condition. The normal pH level is usually around 3 but in anaerobic vaginosis the pH level rises to 5 or 6. This is the opposite of the situation that occurs in Thrush when the pH goes down to 2.. Although it is more common in women who are sexually active, it is not considered a sexually transmitted infection.. ...
General Information: Gardnerella vaginalis is a gram-variable, obligate anaerobic bacterium. The bacterium is the most prevalent sexually transmitted organism and associated with bacterial vaginosis. The bacterium has also been associated with bacteremia, urinary track infections, and neonatal meningitis. ...
BV will sometimes resolves without treatment.. In general, women without any symptoms of BV but who are found to have Gardnerella vaginalis colonization do not need treatment. Also, male sex partners of women diagnosed with BV do not need treatment.. Treatment is usually initiated in women with symptoms and also especially important in pregnant ladies (with or without symptoms) as it is linked with having premature babies and babies with low birth weight.. Treatment with antibiotics either orally or vaginally is highly effective in treating BV. The use of probiotics as prophylaxis or treatment of BV remains controversial but the risk of harm is minimal.. Treatment of BV may also reduce the risk of contracting other STIs such as Chlamydia and gonorrhoea, which can sometimes cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), causing subfertility.. As with all infections, BV can recur even after treatment. So, if you start having symptoms even after treatment, it is advisable to see your doctor for advice as ...
The innate immunity of the vaginal tract provides first-line defense from abnormal microorganisms or overgrowth of common organisms, such as Candida species or Gardnerella vaginalis. It is unclear from the current available literature whether the rate of vaginal infection increases or decreases in frequency during pregnancy when compared to the non-pregnant state, but this may be predicted by shifts in vaginal innate immunity. Vaginal infections are important players in HIV disease, potentially increasing the risk of viral transmission. In addition, these infections may activate inflammatory markers in the reproductive tract and increase the risk of premature delivery or other negative pregnancy outcomes. The vaginal innate immune system has not been well characterized in pregnant women, or in women with HIV infection. The study of how this system changes in pregnancy and HIV infection will provide essential knowledge for further study of vaginal mucosal protection.. The investigators study is ...
a condition caused by the overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria (e.g., Gardnerella vaginalis), resulting in vaginal irritation and discharge ...
metronidazolum, otopina za infuziju, ATC J01XD01, SmPC (Sažetak opisa svojstava lijeka) Terapijske indikacije: Metronidazol Fresenius se primjenjuje u profilaksi i liječenju infekcija uzrokovanih anaerobnim bakterijama. Metronidazol Fresenius djeluje na široki spektar patogenih mikroorganizama posebno na sojeve Bacteroides, Fusobacteria, Clostridia, Eubacteria, anaerobne koke i Gardnerella vaginalis. Metronidazol Fresenius otopina za infuziju indicirana je u odraslih i u djece za: prevenciju ...
Normalisht mukozës së vaginës vendosen bakteret e ndryshme anaerobe dhe aerobe, të cilat ndryshojnë në moshat e ndryshme. Microflora normale vaginale Microflora normale vajzat vaginale lactoba...
Testul de identificare specie: Examen microscopic nativ si colorat, cultură și identificare fungica. Proba de sensibilitate la antifungice Probe din: Secretii vaginale. ...
Infectii genitale - : E-LITE APICOPLANT Crema solida 10supozitoare vaginale, Colonsan FEM CERAT crema solida (10x1.9g) 19g FAVISAN,
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a condition of excessive growth of bacteria in the vagina and change in the composition of the vaginal microflora. There is a change in the most common type of bacteria and a hundred to thousand fold increase in total numbers of bacteria present. Normally, bacteria of the Lactobacillus genus (Pic. 1) are predominant in healthy vaginal microflora. They maintain a state of balance between the organism and the bacterial population. In bacterial vaginosis, the balance of the bacterial microflora is disrupted, and the lactobacillus bacteria are replaced by predominantly anaerobic bacteria like Gardnerella vaginalis (Pic. 2), Mycoplasma hominis, Prevotella, and Peptostreptococcus. While the infection involves a number of bacteria, it is believed that most infections start with Gardnerella vaginalis creating a biofilm (a thin coat of bacteria that is very difficult to eradicate), which allows other opportunistic bacteria (bacteria targeting individuals or organs with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of Atopobium vaginae, a recently described metronidazole resistant anaerobe, with bacterial vaginosis. AU - Ferris, Michael J.. AU - Masztal, Alicia. AU - Aldridge, Kenneth E.. AU - Fortenberry, Dennis. AU - Fidel, Paul L.. AU - Martin, David H.. PY - 2004/2/13. Y1 - 2004/2/13. N2 - Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a polymicrobial syndrome characterized by a change in vaginal flora away from predominantly Lactobacillus species. The cause of BV is unknown, but the condition has been implicated in diverse medical outcomes. The bacterium Atopobium vaginae has been recognized only recently. It is not readily identified by commercial diagnostic kits. Its clinical significance is unknown but it has recently been isolated from a tuboovarian abcess. Methods: Nucleotide sequencing of PCR amplified 16S rRNA gene segments, that were separated into bands within lanes on polyacrylamide gels by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), was used to examine bacterial ...
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Purpose. Purulent or exudative genitourinary infections are a frequent cause of consultation in primary and specialized healthcare. The objectives of this study were: to determine the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis and co-infections with Candida spp. and Gardnerella vaginalis in vaginal secretion; and to use multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to analyse the genetic diversity of T. vaginalis strains. Methodology. The samples were submitted for analysis (n=5230) to a third-level hospital in Granada (Southern Spain) between 2011 and 2014; eight T. vaginalis strains isolated during 2015 were randomly selected for MLST analysis. Culture and nucleic acid hybridization techniques were used to detect microorganisms in the samples. Results. The prevalence of T. vaginalis was 2.4 % between 2011 and 2014, being higher during the first few months of both 2011 and 2012. Among samples positive for T. vaginalis, co-infection with G. vaginalis was detected in 29 samples and co-infection with Candida spp. in 6,
While bacterial Vaginosis, bad smelling secretions appear. Despite it is not an inflammatory disease, bacterial vaginosis significantly affects the quality of life, has a negative influence on the psychological and moral state of the woman.. Its diagnosis is based on clinical examination and laboratory tests. Doctor can suspect bacterial vaginosis while taking a smear. It identifies so-called key cells (vaginal epithelial cells covered a variety of coccobacilli (Gardnerella vaginalis)) with the absence of lactobacilli (Lactobacillus spp.) in smear.. ...
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Purpose. Cervicovaginal Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis are strongly associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) and are the main components of vaginal biofilms. The low efficacy of BV treatment with metronidazole may be due to the presence of such biofilms. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the pretreatment cervicovaginal loads of A. vaginae and G. vaginalis for women who restored normal flora and those who persisted with BV after a full course of oral metronidazole. Methodology. In this cross-sectional study, 309 reproductive-aged women were recruited in a primary health care service in Botucatu, Brazil. Cervicovaginal samples were tested for genital tract infections, microscopic classification of local microbiota and molecular quantification of A. vaginae and G. vaginalis. Results. All the participants with concurrent cervicovaginal infections (n=64) were excluded. A total of 84 out of 245 (34.3 %) women had BV at enrolment and 43 (51.2 %) of them completed the treatment and
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal bacterial imbalance associated with risk for HIV and poor gynecologic and obstetric outcomes. Male circumcision reduces BV-associated bacteria on the penis and decreases BV in female partners, but the link between penile microbiota and female partner BV is not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that having a female partner with BV increases BV-associated bacteria in uncircumcised men. We characterized penile microbiota composition and density (i.e., the quantity of bacteria per swab) by broad-coverage 16S rRNA gene-based sequencing and quantitative PCR (qPCR) in 165 uncircumcised men from Rakai, Uganda. Associations between penile community state types (CSTs) and female partners Nugent score were assessed. We found seven distinct penile CSTs of increasing density (CST1 to 7). CST1 to 3 and CST4 to 7 were the two major CST groups. CST4 to 7 had higher prevalence and abundance of BV-associated bacteria, such as Mobiluncus and Dialister, than CST1 to 3.
Will you be A Bacterial Vaginosis Sufferer?. In case you are certainly one of the many girls that put up with from bacterial vaginosis, you may questioning just what exactly it will eventually just take to acquire rid on the itching and burning feeling that may be so annoying using this type of condition. You can either have itching and/or burning alongside one another or maybe 1 in a time or you may not recognize possibly of such problems.. Antibiotics may kill from the microorganisms overgrowth associated with bacterial vaginosis, but may not remedy the fundamental cause of your bacterial vaginosis. Whats going to materialize a lot of occasions with employing antibiotics, is going to be a recurring bout of bacterial vaginosis just after therapy, resulting from the reality that antibiotics will get rid of off most of the bacteria, even the great microorganisms that normally exists in the vagina. So it really is incredibly probable that an additional overgrowth of recurrent bacterial vaginosis ...
Introduction: Different factors have been identified for bacterial vaginosis recurrence. But still the main cause of recurrent bacterial vaginosis remains a mystery. This study was performed with aim to determine the relationship between personal and medical factors with recurrent bacterial vaginosis in women referred to the gynecologic clinics of Mashhad. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 61 women with recurrent bacterial vaginosis symptoms who had at least 3 times of bacterial vaginosis  symptoms during last year and referred to gynecologic clinics of 17 Shahrivar and Bahar Tamin Ejtemaie hospitals of Mashhad in 2015. Data collection tools included demographic � medical questionnaire and Amsel clinical criteria (To diagnose vaginosis recurrence). Data analysis was performed by SPSS software (version 16) and binary logistic regression. PResults: According to the results of binary logistic regression, there was significant relationship between husbands job (OR = ...
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Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is the most common vaginal infection among people 15 to 44 years of age. Its caused by an overgrowth of harmful bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis. A healthy vagina hosts thriving populations of Lactobacillus bacteria species, but when these good bacteria are crowded out by certain types of bad bacteria, the vaginal ecosystem can be shifted, causing BV.. There is a lot of confusion about BV. Is it a sexually transmitted disease (STD)? What are the symptoms? How can you avoid it?. All good questions. Lets examine them one by one.. Is BV an STD?. The consensus seems to be that BV isnt officially an STD, but even reliable sources have somewhat contradictory information. Planned Parenthood doesnt list BV as an STD on their informational webpages. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) does include BV on their STD website, but also says that BV is not considered an STD.. On the other hand, the Office on Womens Health says that BV can … be ...
Doctors help you with trusted information about Bacterial Vaginosis in Bacterial Vaginosis: Dr. Sparacino on is there a home remedy for bacterial vaginosis: Bacterial vaginosis is an overgrowth of normal vaginal bacteria. The only real way to fix it is with antibiotics. There is an over the counter product called rephresh which can help normalize the pH of the vagina. It is better at preventing BV after treatment than using it for actual treatment.
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a quite common drawback amongst most ladies in the present day. Drawback is, most of us do not even know we now have it as a result of the signs lie dormant. Then an irritation happens and the an infection flares up, displaying the frequent signs that may be simply confused with yeast an infection.. Little is understood about Bacterial vaginosis. What we do know is that bv is brought on by your vaginas pH ranges being offset, which in flip causes an overgrowth of dangerous micro organism, equivalent to Gardenella. After that, the signs set in: fish-like foul odor, skinny and white grayish discharge, burning and itching. These signs are intensified throughout and after intercourse, which needs to be averted throughout bacterial vaginosis remedies to maintain irritation to a minimal.. So what are you able to do for bacterial vaginosis remedies? Youve two routes, certainly one of which is a health care providers workplace. Drawback with a health care provider is that ...
Bye Bye Bacterial Vaginosis is backed with a 60 Day No Questions Asked Money Back Guarantee. If within the first 60 days of receipt you are not satisfied with Wake Up Lean™, you can request a refund by sending an email to the address given inside the product and we will immediately refund your entire purchase price, with no questions asked.. Description: Also, Find Out How to Avoid Getting BV Repeatedly From Your Partner. If you have Bacterial Vaginosis now and dont want to experience it again and again in the future then this is going to be the most important web page you read today.. You see, theres a reason why 30% of women who treat their Bacterial Vaginosis traditionally (in other words with antibiotics) get BV again within three months and 50% get it again within 12 months.. Because antibiotics do more harm than good!. Its true. If you want to get rid of Bacterial Vaginosis … if you want to stop feeling embarrassed … if you want to feel like yourself again … you need to change ...
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Dr Ravel, associate professor at the University of Marylands Institute of Genome Sciences, said his team had isolated six vaginal microbial state types, ​one of which 98% of all women would fit into.. Its useful to understand what a healthy vaginal microbiota is. Even more important is helping and understanding how susceptible to infection a microbiota is. Whilst still healthy it can have different degrees of susceptibility. ​ Getting to causality​. The picture is complicated because community states change regularly, within group types, and even for individual women, especially when the development of the disease state of vaginosis is considered.. The major problem with a lot of the research that has been so far is that … it has looked at women who present to them with bacterial vaginosis. When we study bacterial vaginosis once it has already occurred we miss the window to understand real true causality associated with bacterial vaginosis. We need to perform prospective, ...
The vaginal ecology of pregnant women does not differ substantially from that of women who are not pregnant. However, studies conducted over the last decade have established that most of the organisms that infect amniotic fluid or cause chorioamnionitis are derived from the lower genital tract. In addition, recent studies have established that some organisms that are considered part of the normal vaginal microflora are associated with an increased risk of preterm or low-birth-weight delivery or both when they are present at high density in the vagina. The chapter discusses the frequency of genital microorganisms in women of different ethnic groups. Bacterial vaginosis is a condition in which high concentrations of vaginal lactobacilli are replaced by a mixed population of Gardnerella vaginalis, anaerobic gram-negative rods and cocci, and genital mycoplasmas. A number of studies have evaluated the association between genital or urinary tract colonization with group B streptococci and adverse outcomes of
Abstract Bacterial vaginosis (BV), the most common health condition affecting the female reproductive tract, significantly increases the risk of HIV and STI acquisition in women. BV is characterized by changes in the composition of the vaginal bacteria (microbiota), with a reduction in healthy vaginal Lactobacillus species and an increase in gram negative anaerobic bacteria. Women with BV have impaired female reproductive tract mucosal immune responses with increased HIV target cells, as well as decreased epithelial integrity; all which lead to increased HIV risk. Furthermore, a recent study demonstrated that BV-associated bacteria can directly hydrolyze drugs used for HIV prevention, setting up conditions that undermine treatment efficacy. Current antibiotic-based treatments for BV result in failure of treatment or recurrence in the majority of women. Behavioral (sexual behaviors and intravaginal hygiene practices such as intravaginal douching), bacterial factors (microbiome and virome), and ...
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Bacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal infection. It is caused by excess growth of certain bacteria that are normally found in the vagina. Symptoms can include itching, swelling, pain when you urinate or have sex, and a grey or yellow discharge with a fishy odour. It is not considered an infection that is spread through sexual contact.. Although symptoms can be annoying and uncomfortable, bacterial vaginosis does not usually cause other health problems. But if you have it while you are pregnant, it can cause complications.. While the infection may go away on its own, most doctors use antibiotics to treat it. You may have been prescribed pills or vaginal cream. With treatment, bacterial vaginosis usually clears up in 5 to 7 days. ...
Since it is one of the crucial known infections that is categorized by vaginal discharge, bacterial vaginosis infection is definitely a thing that really should not be avoided. This is exactly why it is very important for ladies to find out concerning the strategies may possibly prevent bacterial vaginosis infection. Guys shouldnt at the same time just take such subject material lightly particularly if their partner will be treated for this disease. Have a look at that could possibly fight off bacterial vaginosis ...
Bacterial vaginosis is currently the most prevalent cause of vaginal infection and vaginal discharge among the sexually active women. Bacterial vaginosis is a complex mic..
Bacterial Vaginosis is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal odor and discharge. It is caused by a change in the type of bacteria found in the vagina..Common symptoms include excessive vaginal discharge, sometimes with a fishy odor, along with itching and occasionally pain during urination.check out these 7 Safe Home Remedies For Bacterial Vaginosis(BV)
How to Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis from Coming Back. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is one of the most common types of vaginal infections. Its caused by an change in the normal bacterial flora of the vagina. Its easily treatable with...
|p style=margin-bottom: 0in;|Bacterial vaginosis is a mild bacterial infection which can cause highly disturbing symptoms such as vaginal irritation, itching, painful urination and vaginal discharge. Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis resemble to those in vaginal yeast infection but bacterial infection typically includes a foul, fishy-smelling vaginal odor and grayish white discharge,...
This is a phase II multicenter randomized open-label clinical study that will determine whether treatment with Lactofiltrum (orally administered tablets) in combination with antibiotic therapy (metronidazole) is effective in women with bacterial vaginosis. Lactofiltrum is a composite drug that includes enterosorbent lignin and prebiotic Lactulose. Its supposed that supplement of Lactofiltrum to a standard therapy of bacterial vaginosis (metronidazole administered orally) improves womens general state, leads to better recovery of clinical, microbiological, biochemical and histological features of the disease ...
Discover how to cure Bacterial Vaginosis with natural remedies to relieve BV symptoms like hydrogen peroxide, folic acid, acidophilus and specific dietary changes. It is important to eliminate bacterial vaginosis because it is associated with other health issues.
Tests for bacterial vaginosis take samples of fluid from the vagina. The samples are looked at under a microscope to see if they show signs of infection. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by a change in the balance of bacteria in the vagina. Normally, there are a lot of good bacteria and some bad bacteria in the...
Tests for bacterial vaginosis take samples of fluid from the vagina. The samples are looked at under a microscope to see if they show signs of infection. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by a change in the balance of bacteria in the vagina. Normally, there are a lot of good bacteria and some bad bacteria in the...
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Bacterial vaginosis, as the name suggests, is a condition affecting the vagina that is associated with bacterial growth. The exact aetiology of vaginosis is not completely defined, but it is linked to an imbalance of the bacterial flora (the...
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Pathogenesis of Gardenerella vaginalis A. Adherence of G. vaginalis to Host Epithelium: Initial Steps in Invasion The initial steps of establishing infection include adherence to host receptor sites, production of cytotoxic substances specific for host cells, and biofilm formation. vaginais produces vaginolysin, a cholesterol-dependent cytolysin, for human cells and encodes a pore-forming toxin that binds … Read more Pathogenesis and Clinical manifestation of Gardenerella vaginalis. ...
Unlike the yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is caused due to the imbalance of the bacteria that naturally occur in the vagina. Read...
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a disease associated with the vagina microbiome. It is highly prevalent and is characterized by symptoms including odor, discharge and irritation. No single microbe has been found to cause BV. In this paper we use random forests and logistic regression classifiers to model the relationship between the microbial community and BV. We use subsets of the microbial community features in order to determine which features are important to the classification models. We find that models generated using logistic regression and random forests perform nearly identically and identify largely similar important features. Only a few features are necessary to obtain high BV classification accuracy. Additionally, there appears to be substantial redundancy between the microbial community features. These results are in contrast to a previous study in which the important features identified by the classifiers were dissimilar. This difference appears to be the result of using different feature
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) BV is the most common vaginal infection in women of reproductive age and it occurs when there is an overgrowth of certain
Bacterial vaginosis and a yeast infection are the most common vaginal infections. Learn more about the differences in causes, symptoms and treatment!
Bacterial vaginosis is a type of infection caused by an imbalance of the bacteria in the vagina. Normally, there is a balance between the good bacteria (lactobacilli) and bad bacteria (anaerobes).
Healthy vaginas have bacteria in them, but changes in the balance of the different kinds of bacteria in your vagina can lead to bacterial vaginosis (BV).
Discover the BV home treatment program used by 1000s of women from around the world to treat and prevent bacterial vaginosis. No antibiotics required.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal disorder among reproductive-aged women. Heres how to get rid of BV effectively, according to experts.
Infections like bacterial vaginosis have become widespread these days. Metronidazole is an antibiotic prescription which can treat this...
Bacterial vaginosis adalah jenis peradangan pada vag1na karena beberapa jenis bakteri yang ada di vag1na tumbuh secara berlebihan sehingga mengganggu keseimbangan alami bakteri vag1na. Penyakit ini biasa menyerang wanita yang sedang dalam masa produktif. PENYEBAB Jumlah bakteri baik (lactobacillus) di dalam vag1na melebihi jumlah bakteri buruknya (anaerob), begitu juga sebaliknya. Hubungan 5eksual tanpa pengaman GEJALA… Read More ». ...
Gardnerella vaginalis. Taxon identifiers. *Wikidata: Q6946990. *Wikispecies: Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. * ...
Gardnerella vaginalis. *v. *t. *e. Mycobacteria (including Nontuberculous). Slowly growing. (R1P=photochromogenic;. R2S= ...
The word comes from the medieval Latin scrōfula, diminutive of scrōfa, meaning brood sow, because swine were supposed to be subject to the complaint. In the beginning of the Modern Age Western Europeans believed that royal touch, the touch of the sovereign of England or France, could cure diseases owing to the divine right of sovereigns. Henry VI of England is alleged to have cured a girl with it. Scrofula was therefore also known as the King's evil. From 1633, the Book of Common Prayer of the Anglican Church contained a ceremony for this, and it was traditional for the monarch (king or queen) to present to the touched person a coin-usually an angel, a gold coin the value of which varied from about 6 shillings to about 10 shillings. In England this practice continued until the early 18th century, and was continued by the Jacobite pretenders until the extinction of the House of Stuart with the death of the pretender Henry IX. King Henry IV of France is reported as often touching and healing as ...
Gardnerella vaginalis. This dermatology article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ...
Trichomonas vaginalis female urogenital tract (males asymptomatic) microscopic examination of genital swab worldwide sexually ...
Gardnerella vaginalis. Authority control *GND: 4035392-8. *HDS: 007983. *NARA: 10664110. *NDL: 00569249 ...
Skarin A, Sylwan J (December 1986). "Vaginal lactobacilli inhibiting growth of Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus and other ... December 2007). "Quantitative determination by real-time PCR of four vaginal Lactobacillus species, Gardnerella vaginalis and ... such as Gardnerella vaginalis. The lactobacilli present in a healthy vaginal microbiome also occupy the ecological niche that ... Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus, Prevotella spp., and Gram-negative enteric organisms, such as Escherichia coli. Mycoplasma ...
Gardnerella vaginalis, B-streptococci, Candida spp. and Chlamydia trachomatis from the mother to the newborn". Archives of ...
Hay et al., 1994) Gardnerella vaginalis is the main culprit in BV. Gardnerella vaginalis is a short rod (coccobacillus). Hence ... While the infection involves a number of bacteria, it is believed that most infections start with Gardnerella vaginalis ... biofilm formation and cytotoxicity suggests a greater virulence potential of Gardnerella vaginalis relative to other bacterial- ... Candidiasis (thrush, or a yeast infection). Trichomoniasis, an infection caused by Trichomonas vaginalis. Aerobic vaginitis The ...
Haemophilus influenzae, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Chlamydia trachomatis are coccobacilli. Aggregatibacter ...
De Jong AR (1985). "Vaginitis due to Gardnerella vaginalis and to Candida albicans in sexual abuse". Child Abuse & Neglect. 9 ( ...
The Hippurate diagnostic test is used to differentiate between Gardnerella vaginalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria ... "Hippurate Test for identification of Gardnerella vaginalis, campylobacter, listeria, group b strep". catalog.hardydiagnostics. ...
Identification of factors determining the virulence potential of Gardnerella vaginalis strains in vaginosis. Identification of ... "Comparative genomics of Gardnerella vaginalis strains reveals substantial differences in metabolic and virulence potential". ...
Caused by Gardnerella vaginalis, bacterial vaginosis results from a change in the vaginal microbiota. Gardnerella and anaerobic ...
versus a mixed flora consisting of Gardnerella vaginalis, Bacteroides spp, Mobiluncus spp, and Mycoplasma hominis. The Amsel ... Gardnerella vaginalis morphotypes; scored as 0 to 4), and curved Gram-variable rods (Mobiluncus spp. morphotypes; scored as 0 ... Prior to the development of Nugent score, assessment of bacterial vaginosis was based on culturing G. vaginalis, examining a ...
Actino-ugpB motifs are found in strains of the species Gardnerella vaginalis, within the phylum Actinobacteria. It is ambiguous ...
Epithel-celler dækket af små stavformede Gardnerella vaginalis. Diagnosen bliver derfor vaginose. ... Catlin B.W. (1992) Gardnerella vaginalis: Characteristics, Clinical Considerations and Controversies. Clin. Microb. Rew. 5 (3 ... men omfatter Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus, Bacteroides og Mycoplasma. En ændring i den normale bakterielle flora, herunder ... Smidt og Hansen publicerede i 2003 en metode baseret på den relative forekomst af lactobaciller og små bakterier (Gardnerella ...
"Gardnerella vaginalis has a gram-positive cell-wall ultrastructure and lacks classical cell-wall lipopolysaccharide". J. Med. ... "Gardnerella" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Gardnerella at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH ... immunofluorescent identification of the adherent gram-negative bacteria as Gardnerella vaginalis". J. Infect. Dis. 160 (3): 490 ... Gardnerella is often considered gram-negative, but it is classified in MeSH as both gram-positive and gram-negative. It has ...
They are a medical sign of bacterial vaginosis, particularly that caused by Gardnerella vaginalis, a group of Gram-variable ... Scott TG, Smyth CJ, Keane CT (February 1987). "In vitro adhesiveness and biotype of Gardnerella vaginalis strains in relation ... Gardner, Herman; Dukes, Charles (May 1955). "Haemophilus vaginalis vaginitis: A newly defined specific infection previously ...
Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus Peptostreptococcus anaerobius Gardnerella vaginalis Escherichia coli Group B streptococcus ...
... particularly in association with Gardnerella vaginalis in cases of bacterial vaginosis. Medical Microbiology 5th Edition, ...
"Lactobacillus strains isolated from the vaginal microbiota of healthy women inhibit Prevotella bivia and Gardnerella vaginalis ...
... such as Gardnerella vaginalis. The later in turn was found to stimulate growth of P. bivia. Prevotella intermedia and ... Randis, Tara M.; Ratner, Adam J. (2019-02-01). "Gardnerella and Prevotella: Co-conspirators in the Pathogenesis of Bacterial ...
Gardnerella vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis". BMC Microbiol. 4 (16): 1573-6. doi:10.1186/1471-2180-4-16. PMC 419343. PMID ...
... and Gardnerella vaginalis (37% to 9%) in 94 patients treated for recurrent bacterial vaginitis eight weeks after initial ... Soszka S, Kuczyńska K (January 1977). "Wpływ T. vaginalis na fizjologiczna florę pochwy" [Influence of T. vaginalis on the ... Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae indicates an inverse relationship between L. gasseri and L. iners". BMC ... established in the context of Gardnerella vaginalis-specific antibodies. This contrasts with other proposed mechanism of sIgA ...
... and a relative increase in a multitude of anaerobic bacteria with the most predominant being Gardnerella vaginalis. This ...
Haemophilus vaginalis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Neisseria meningitidis, Gardnerella vaginalis, Acinetobacter ... Candida Albicans Parasitic causes include Trichomonas vaginalis (rare).[citation needed] Urethritis can be caused by mechanical ...
... spp Collinsella aerofaciens Eggerthella spp Eggerthella lenta Eubacterium spp Fusobacterium nucleatum Gardnerella vaginalis ...
... gallinarum Enterococcus maloratus Escherichia coli Fusobacterium necrophorum Fusobacterium nucleatum Gardnerella vaginalis ... Haemophilus Haemophilus ducreyi Haemophilus influenzae Haemophilus parainfluenzae Haemophilus pertussis Haemophilus vaginalis ...
Nendeks bakteriteks võivad olla näiteks Gardnerella vaginalis, Prevotella bivia ja Atopobium vaginae. Olulisteks sümptomiteks ... Gardnerella vaginalis ja Fusobacterium nucleatum on väga levinud liigid. Bakteriaalse vaginoosi esinemine raseduse ajal ...
Gardnerella vaginalis. Walang kategorya ang artikulong ito. Makakatulong sa pagpapaunlad ng artikulong ito sa paglalagay ng isa ...
... notably Trichomonas vaginalis. Rare cases of amebic vaginitis have been reported, primarily in tropical, developing countries. ... vaginitis caused by increased growth of Gardnerella (a bacterium). Aerobic vaginitis Other less common infections are caused by ... Trichomonas vaginalis, herpes simplex virus, and human papillomavirus). Symptoms and treatment of infectious vulvovaginitis ... "United Kingdom National Guideline on the Management of Trichomonas vaginalis 2014". International Journal of STD & AIDS. 25 (8 ...
Gardnerella vaginalis branches between different Bifidobacterium species, which makes the genus Bifidobacterium polyphyletic. ... This indel is thus characteristic of the clade consisting of Bifidobacterium species and G. vaginalis and can be used to ... The genus could be made monophyletic if G. vaginalis was placed within Bifidobacterium. Comparative analysis of aligned protein ... Additionally, 6 conserved signature proteins which are unique to Bifidobacterium and Gardnerella have been identified, ...
Gardnerella is a genus of Gram-variable-staining facultative anaerobic bacteria of which Gardnerella vaginalis is the only ... Gardnerella at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Type strain of Gardnerella vaginalis at ... Once classified as Haemophilus vaginalis and afterwards as Corynebacterium vaginalis, G. vaginalis grows as small, circular, ... J. R. Greenwood; M. J. Pickett (January 1980). "Transfer of Haemophilus vaginalis Gardner and Dukes to a New Genus, Gardnerella ...
Gardnerella vaginalis ATCC ® BAA-1154™ Designation: Vitek #500042 TypeStrain=False Application: Quality control strain ...
Genomic DNA from Gardnerella vaginalis Strain AmMS 117 TypeStrain=False Application: ... Gardnerella vaginalis (Gardner and Dukes) Greenwood and Pickett ATCC® 49145D-5™ dried At least 5 µg in 1X TE buffer. OD260/OD ... Genomic DNA from Gardnerella vaginalis Strain AmMS 117 [ATCC® 49145™] Biosafety Level 1 Biosafety classification is based on U. ... Gardnerella vaginalis (Gardner and Dukes) Greenwood and Pickett (ATCC® 49145D-5™) Strain Designations: Genomic DNA from ...
Laboratory based tests are available for BV, also known as Gardnerella Vaginalis. We recommend The STI Clinic for fast and ... If you have tested positive for BV or Gardnerella Vaginalis then you can be treated with a course of Metronidazole. ... BV is also known as Gardnerella Vaginalis. ...
Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of Gardnerella vaginalis bacteria. This bacteria is found in the human urinary ... Caption: Gardnerella vaginalis bacteria. Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of Gardnerella vaginalis bacteria. ... gardnerella vaginalis, infection, infectious, many, metronidazole, micro-organisms, microbe, microbes, microbiology, multiple, ...
Involvement of Gardnerella vaginalis in urinary tract infections in men.. S M Smith, T Ogbara, R H Eng ... Involvement of Gardnerella vaginalis in urinary tract infections in men. Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to ... Fifteen male patients from whose urine samples Gardnerella vaginalis was isolated (clinical incidence of 0.1%) were evaluated ...
It is also known as Gardnerella vaginitis or Haemophilus vaginalis. It appears as a gram-negative rod, although it has been ... of Gardnerella vaginalis, gram-variable, facultative anaerobic, rod bacterium that causes bacterial vaginosis. Although a chief ... It is also known as Gardnerella vaginitis or Haemophilus vaginalis. It appears as a gram-negative rod, although it has been ... Caption: Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Gardnerella vaginalis, gram-variable, facultative anaerobic, rod ...
... Diagnoses of infection by Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida sp and Gardnerella vaginalis were gathered from 20,356 cervical- ... In 1988, 19.8% of the women had positive tests for Gardnerella vaginalis, which was the most frequent agent in that year, ... To verify the frequency of the three main causative agents of vaginitis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida sp and Gardnerella ...
Evaluation of affirm VP Microbial Identification Test for Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis.. A M Briselden, S L ... Vaginal swab specimens were used for culture of Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis, preparation of a vaginal smear ... Evaluation of affirm VP Microbial Identification Test for Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis. ... Evaluation of affirm VP Microbial Identification Test for Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis. ...
Clinical Evaluation of Af﫿rm VPIII in the Detection and Identi﫿cation of Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, and ... Kye Hyun Kim, Tae-Hyoung Kim, Jun Hyung Lee, Tae Jin Lee, and Mi-Kyung Lee, " Detection of Trichomonas vaginalis , Gardnerella ... genetic diversity of Trichomonas vaginalis in the general population of Granada and co-infections with Gardnerella vaginalis ... and Gardnerella vaginalis," Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 257-260, 2009. View at ...
Introduction It has been hypothesised that Gardnerella vaginalis (GV) is necessary for the development of bacterial vaginosis ( ...
Gardnerella vaginalis is the most common species found in bacterial vaginosis (BV). However, it is also present in a ... Retrocyclin inhibits Gardnerella vaginalis biofilm formation and toxin activity. Hooven, Thomas A.; Randis, Tara M.; Hymes, ... Gardnerella vaginalis Outcompetes 29 Other Bacterial Species Isolated From Patients With Bacterial Vaginosis, Using in an In ... Background: Gardnerella vaginalis is described as a common vaginal bacterial species whose presence correlates strongly with ...
GARDNERELLA VAGINALIS ASSAY. The present invention relates to nucleic acid amplification assays for the detection of nucleic ... acid sequences of Gardnerella vaginalis. The present invention... 2016/0244813. METHODS OF DIAGNOSIS, SELECTION, AND TREATMENT ...
and Gardnerella vaginalis on Initial Adherence to Epithelial Cells. Int J Med Sci 2013; 10(9):1193-1198. doi:10.7150/ijms.6304 ... and Gardnerella vaginalis on Initial Adherence to Epithelial Cells Joana Castro1, Ana Henriques1, António Machado1,2, Mariana ... Our goal was to characterize the interaction between two Gardnerella vaginalis strains, one of which was isolated from a ... Keywords: Lactobacillus spp., Gardnerella vaginalis, Initial adhesion, Bacterial vaginosis. This is an open access article ...
Gardnerella vaginalis was originally identified as the causative agent, but subsequent findings that it is commonly isolated ... In this study, we sequenced the genomes of a strain of G. vaginalis from a healthy woman, and one from a woman with bacterial ... Recent studies shedding light on the virulence properties of G. vaginalis, however, have drawn the species back into the ... This study outlines two distinct genotypic variants of G. vaginalis, one apparently commensal and one pathogenic, and presents ...
Objectives The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis concentrations ... Assessment of Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis concentrations in a cohort of pregnant South African women ... Assessment of Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis concentrations in a cohort of pregnant South African women ... vaginalis p=0.004). The presence of A. vaginae (OR=5.8; 95% CI 1.34 to 25.21 and p value=0.02) but not that of G. vaginalis (OR ...
... crispatus core proteins have a potential to reduce the ability of Gardnerella vaginalis to adhere to epithelial cells. These ... vaginalis, providing an explanation on how this urogenital species could improve vaginal health. ... findings thereby suggest that L. crispatus core proteins could protect the vagina from G. vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis. ... genomics of Lactobacillus crispatus suggests novel mechanisms for the competitive exclusion of Gardnerella vaginalis ...
Interaction of Gardnerella vaginalis and Vaginolysin with the Apical versus Basolateral Face of a Three-Dimensional Model of ... Interaction of Gardnerella vaginalis and Vaginolysin with the Apical versus Basolateral Face of a Three-Dimensional Model of ... Interaction of Gardnerella vaginalis and Vaginolysin with the Apical versus Basolateral Face of a Three-Dimensional Model of ... Interaction of Gardnerella vaginalis and Vaginolysin with the Apical versus Basolateral Face of a Three-Dimensional Model of ...
Lactobacilli, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Mycoplasma hominis in cervicovaginal lavage samples were quantified by PCR. ... Box plot diagram showing the distribution of log10 bacterial counts for each bacterial species, Gardnerella vaginalis (G vag), ... Utility of Amsel Criteria, Nugent Score, and Quantitative PCR for Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, and Lactobacillus ... Mycoplasma hominis and Gardnerella vaginalis were both obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (Manassas, Va.), and ...
Gardnerella vaginalis is the most common species found in bacterial vaginosis (BV). However, it is also present in a ... Adult, Aged, Antibiosis, Bacterial Adhesion, Bacterial Proteins, Bacterial Toxins, Biofilms, Female, Gardnerella vaginalis, ... vaginalis. Importantly, we demonstrated that BV associated G. vaginalis were able to displace pre-coated vaginal protective ... In an effort to better understand the differences between G. vaginalis isolated from women with a positive (BV) versus a ...
Q. vaginalis (65,4%), I. vaginalis (37,9%), genital yeasts (37,0%), ~. hominis (59,6%), g. urealyticum (48,1%), anaerobic ... vaginalis in 35 (24,3%) and C. albicans in 23 (15,9%). Bacterial vaginosis occurred concurrently with I. vaginalis and f. ... G. vaginalis biotypes 1 and 5 were significantly associated with bacterial vaginosis, however the serotyping scheme did not ... The antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of 93 strains of G. vaginalis was not typical of either Gram-positive or Gram-negative ...
Detection of Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida spp. and Trichomonas vaginalis DNA in symptomatic women. Microbiologia Medica, 25(3 ... Detection of Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida spp. and Trichomonas vaginalis DNA in symptomatic women https://doi.org/10.4081/mm. ... and Trichomonas vaginalis. One hundred and eight out of 388 pregnant women were positive only for Gardnerella; 53 for Candida ... As to the remaining 1204 not pregnant patients, 356 were positive only for Gardnerella; 98 for Candida and Gardnerella, 143 ...
Gardnerella vaginalis is the etiological agent of bacterial vaginosis (BV), a chronic vaginal infection that affects women ... Gardnerella vaginalis;bacterial vaginosis;antimicrobial peptides;resistance;host range;alternative therapeutics;genome;clinical ... identification and characterization of bacteria with antimicrobial activities against Gardnerella vaginalis. Authors: Ross, ... vaginalis isolates and for their production of antimicrobial active agents. The G. vaginalis collection was shown to be diverse ...
Gardnerella vaginalis. Definition : Molecular assay reagents intended to identify Gardnerella vaginalis, a gram-negative rod- ... "Gardnerella vaginalis Reagents, Identification" , "Reagents, Gardnerella vaginalis" , "Reagents, Molecular Assay, Infection, ... Entry Terms : "Gardnerella vaginalis Detection/Identification Reagents" , "Vaginitis Diagnostic Reagents" , "Genital Tract ... Home > Specialties > IVD Test Reagent/Kits, Molecular Assay, Infection, Bacteria, Gardnerella vaginalis ...
... often dominated by Gardnerella vaginalis) and a pH > 4.5. BV is associated with an increased risk of acquiring STIs such as ... Additionally, G. vaginalis and N. gonorrhoeae form biofilms on PVM. It was observed that lactic acid, acetic acid, and ... These data reveal differences in the effects of pH, various acids and L. crispatus on the growth of G. vaginalis and N. ... Finally, a clinical Lactobacillus crispatus isolate (24-9-7) produces lactic acid and inhibits growth of both G. vaginalis and ...
Lactobacillus iners and Gardnerella vaginalis on bac Influence of Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus iners and Gardnerella ... and Gardnerella vaginalis (179 women). When present in the vagina, L. crispatus was the most abundant bacterium more than 85% ... vaginalis, Megasphaera, Atopobium vaginae and Prevotella (p < 0.0001). In contrast, the proportion of G. vaginalis was ... In contrast, L. iners and G. vaginalis were most abundant in 63% and 41% of women who were positive for these microorganisms, ...
Tag: Gardnerella vaginalis. Habitat and Morphology of Gardnerella vaginalis 4.88/5 (17) June 23, 2018. Sagar Aryal Bacteriology ... Laboratory diagnosis of Bacterial vaginosis caused by Gardnerella vaginalis 4.43/5 (28) October 20, 2017. Sagar Aryal ... coli Escherichia Escherichia coli Gardnerella Gardnerella vaginalis Genome Habitat Laboratory diagnosis Listeria Listeria ... Habitat of Gardnerella vaginalis Normal flora in 40% female (small amount) Found in urine Rarely in blood and wound Found in ...
... este un test rapid care detecteaza bacteriile Gardnerella vaginalis in urina si poate fi folosit cu usurinta la domiciliu atat ... Test de gardnerella vaginalis (vaginita) - UTILIZARE TEST VAGINITAVeneris Test pentru Vaginita bacteriana, ... Test de gardnerella vaginalis (vaginita). UTILIZARE TEST VAGINITA. Veneris Test pentru Vaginita bacteriana, este un test rapid ... care detecteaza bacteriile Gardnerella vaginalis in urina si poate fi folosit cu usurinta la domiciliu atat de catre femei, cat ...
Gardnerella is a genus of gram-variable-staining facultative anaerobic bacteria of which G ... Learn and reinforce your understanding of Gardnerella vaginalis (Bacterial vaginosis) through video. ... Gardnerella vaginalis, or G. Vaginalis for short, is a gram-variable coccobacillus present in low numbers in normal vaginal ... Ok, now, G. vaginalis produces a cytotoxin called vaginolysin and an enzyme called sialidase, and both of these help it adhere ...
Gardnerella Vaginalis. Gardnerella Vaginalis is an infection of the female genital tract by bacteria of the Gardnerella ... vaginalis strain, often in combination with various anaerobic bacteria. Also called bacterial vaginosis. ...
  • G. vaginalis is a facultatively anaerobic Gram-variable rod that is involved, together with many other bacteria, mostly anaerobic, in bacterial vaginosis in some women as a result of a disruption in the normal vaginal microflora. (wikipedia.org)
  • G. vaginalis is not considered the cause of the bacterial vaginosis, but a signal organism of the altered microbial ecology associated with overgrowth of many bacterial species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although G. vaginalis is a major species present in bacterial vaginosis, it can also be isolated from women without any signs or symptoms of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • G. vaginalis is associated with bacterial vaginosis, which may be asymptomatic, or may have symptoms including vaginal discharge, vaginal irritation, and a "fish-like" odor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Gardnerella vaginalis, gram-variable, facultative anaerobic, rod bacterium that causes bacterial vaginosis. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Introduction It has been hypothesised that Gardnerella vaginalis (GV) is necessary for the development of bacterial vaginosis (BV), and BV is associated with an increase of GV abundance and/or biofilm formation. (bmj.com)
  • The present study was conducted to correlate the biotypes of Gardnerella vaginalis strains isolated from cases of bacterial vaginosis and their virulence factors. (ebscohost.com)
  • Thirty-two strains of G. vaginalis isolated from cases of bacterial vaginosis were biotyped. (ebscohost.com)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis Outcompetes 29 Other Bacterial Species Isolated From Patients With Bacterial Vaginosis, Using in an In Vitro Biofilm Formation Model. (ebscohost.com)
  • Background: Gardnerella vaginalis is described as a common vaginal bacterial species whose presence correlates strongly with bacterial vaginosis (BV). (ebscohost.com)
  • Using an in-vitro biofilm model to assess the virulence potential of Bacterial Vaginosis or non-Bacterial Vaginosis Gardnerella vaginalis isolates. (ebscohost.com)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis is the most common species found in bacterial vaginosis (BV). (ebscohost.com)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis, Initial adhesion, Bacterial vaginosis. (medsci.org)
  • In this study, we sequenced the genomes of a strain of G. vaginalis from a healthy woman, and one from a woman with bacterial vaginosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Objectives The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis concentrations in pregnant women of different age groups, gestational age groups, vaginal flora categories and HIV status, and also to determine which DNA concentrations best discriminated between bacterial vaginosis (BV)-positive and non-BV categories. (bmj.com)
  • Studies have implicated Gardnerella vaginalis as an important etiological agent in bacterial vaginosis (BV). (asm.org)
  • Utilizing all three log 10 bacterial counts ( G. vaginalis , M. hominis , and lactobacilli) in our model improved the sensitivity and specificity to 83% and 78%, respectively, in comparison with Nugent score. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • G. vaginalis biotypes 1 and 5 were significantly associated with bacterial vaginosis, however the serotyping scheme did not distinguish between strains isolated from women with and without bacterial vaginosis. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • infections are frequently found and the bacterial vaginosis is one of the most common vaginal diseases caused by anaerobic microorganisms such as Gardnerella vaginalis. (pagepressjournals.org)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis is the etiological agent of bacterial vaginosis (BV), a chronic vaginal infection that affects women globally. (laurentian.ca)
  • A total of 34 environmental bacterial isolates with antimicrobial properties against a G. vaginalis collection (n=17) were isolated and characterized for their antagonistic effects against G. vaginalis isolates and for their production of antimicrobial active agents. (laurentian.ca)
  • Influence of Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus iners and Gardnerella vaginalis on bacterial vaginal composition in pregnant women. (bvsalud.org)
  • The bacterial species present in the greatest number of women were Lactobacillus crispatus (306 women ), L. iners (298 women ) and Gardnerella vaginalis (179 women ). (bvsalud.org)
  • This allows G. vaginalis to proliferate, causing Bacterial Vaginosis, or BV which is the most common vaginal infection in females of reproductive age. (osmosis.org)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis - is the name of a microorganism that is commonly found in the bacterial flora of the vagina. (bogolybu.com.ua)
  • Uncontrolled reproduction of gardnerella is the main cause of one of the most common diseases of the vagina - bacterial vaginosis . (bogolybu.com.ua)
  • G. vaginalis is a successful colonizer of the vaginal epithelium in asymptomatic women but is also found in a substantial number of women with bacterial vaginosis. (edu.ps)
  • However, its role in bacterial vaginosis remains obscure, probably because of the simultaneous presence of other bacterial species along with G. vaginalis, which may operate in concert with G. vaginalis resulting in the clinical condition of bacterial vaginosis. (edu.ps)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis (GV) or bacterial vaginosis is one of the most microorganism agents of vaginitis. (ac.ir)
  • Clindesse (clindamycin phosphate) is indicated for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (formerly referred to as Haemophilus vaginitis, Gardnerella vaginitis, nonspecific vaginitis, Corynebacterium vaginitis, or anaerobic vaginosis) in non-pregnant women. (rxlist.com)
  • Certain anaerobic bacterial species tend to predominate the vaginal flora during bacterial vaginosis (BV), with Gardnerella vaginalis being the most common. (mdpi.com)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis is a predominant species in bacterial vaginosis, a dysbiosis of the vagina that is associated with adverse health outcomes, including preterm birth. (asm.org)
  • Here, we present the draft genome sequences of 15 Gardnerella vaginalis strains (now available through BEI Resources) isolated from women with and without bacterial vaginosis. (asm.org)
  • Cervicovaginal Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis are strongly associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) and are the main components of vaginal biofilms. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis is considered as the predominant microorganism found in bacterial vaginosis (BV). (ac.ir)
  • Its organisms are found in the human vagina, particularly in association with Gardnerella vaginalis in cases of bacterial vaginosis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis is the most common bacterial cause of vulvitis. (britannica.com)
  • Bacterial vaginosis- Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis and various anaerobic bacteria including Mobiluncus sp. (atsu.edu)
  • Bacterial vaginosis is frequently associated with the development of a Gardnerella vaginalis biofilm. (rcaap.pt)
  • Recent data indicates that G. vaginalis biofilms are more tolerant to antibiotics and are able to incorporate other bacterial vaginosis -associated species, yielding a multi-species biofilm. (rcaap.pt)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis is the main culprit in a vaginal disease called bacterial vaginosis. (upi.com)
  • Haemophilus vaginalis vaginitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transfer of Haemophilus vaginalis Gardner and Dukes to a New Genus, Gardnerella: G. vaginalis (Gardner and Dukes) comb. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also known as Gardnerella vaginitis or Haemophilus vaginalis. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Starch Agar with Bromcresol Purple contains starch to aid in the differentiation of Gardnerella vaginals ( Haemophilus vaginalis , Corynebacterium vaginale ) from other microorganisms commonly found in the genitourinary tract. (hardydiagnostics.com)
  • Other organisms implicated in the pathogenesis of PID include Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Gardnerella vaginalis , Haemophilus influenzae , and anaerobes such as Peptococcus and Bacteroides species. (medscape.com)
  • Haemophilus vaginalis), from the essentials to the most advanced areas of research. (scarleteen.com)
  • The only species in the genus GARDNERELLA, and previously classed as Haemophilus vaginalis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Gardnerella reveals a classic "clue cell" under the microscope, showing bacteria adhering to the surface of squamous epithelial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • To verify the frequency of the three main causative agents of vaginitis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida sp and Gardnerella vaginalis, in four different decades (1960's, 1970's, 1980's and 1990's). (nih.gov)
  • Arsenio Betancourt Bravo, Lilian Sánchez Miranda, Octavio Fernández Lima, Alexandra Villoch Cambas, Maite Lorenzo Hernández, and Juan Manuel Álvarez, "Validation of an immunologic diagnostic kit for infectious vaginitis by Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida spp. (hindawi.com)
  • While vaginitis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis is now less frequent, fungal Candida spp. (pagepressjournals.org)
  • Incidence of Gardnerella vaginalis in non-specific vaginitis. (bvsalud.org)
  • A study designed to determine the prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in women presenting with nonspecific vaginitis as well as the antibiogram of the isolates to commonly used antibiotics were undertaken. (edu.ng)
  • The study demonstrated that G. vaginalis was associated with non-specific vaginitis in Jos and that the 'clue cells' finding as well as the presence of vaginal discharge were important diagnostic makers for the infection. (edu.ng)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Incidence of Gardnerella vaginalis infection in pregnant & non-pregnant women with non-specific vaginitis. (who.int)
  • Fule RP, Kulkarni K, Jahagirdar VL, Saoji AM. Incidence of Gardnerella vaginalis infection in pregnant & non-pregnant women with non-specific vaginitis. (who.int)
  • The occurrence of G. vaginalis in patients with non-specific vaginitis (NSV) was studied. (who.int)
  • A clinical diagnosis of nonspecific vaginitis, based on simple office procedures, was correlated with both the presence and the concentration of Gardnerella vaginalis (Hemophilus vaginalis) in vaginal discharge, and with characteristic biochemical findings in vaginal discharge. (nih.gov)
  • BV, formerly called Gardnerella vaginitis , is the most common form of vaginitis in the U.S. It is characterized by vaginal discharge with the absence of lactobacilli and an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This and other tests can be used to distinguish between vaginal symptoms related to G. vaginalis and those caused by other organisms, such as Trichomonas and Candida albicans, which are similar and may require different treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frequency of Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida sp and Gardnerella vaginalis in cervical-vaginal smears in four different decades. (nih.gov)
  • Diagnoses of infection by Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida sp and Gardnerella vaginalis were gathered from 20,356 cervical-vaginal cytology tests on patients attended to as gynecology outpatients at Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro during the years 1968, 1978, 1988, 1998, representing the four decades. (nih.gov)
  • There was a reduction in the frequency of cervical-vaginal infection by Trichomonas vaginalis and an increase in the frequency of Candida sp over the four decades studied. (nih.gov)
  • Detection of Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida spp. (pagepressjournals.org)
  • The samples were tested with the kit Affirm (Becton Dickinson) that provides results in 40 minutes and allows the simultaneous identification of the DNA of Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida spp. (pagepressjournals.org)
  • 98 for Candida and Gardnerella, 143 were positive only for Candida and 21 for Trichomonas.A simultaneous positivity for Trichomonas and Candida or for Trichomonas and Gardnerella has not been observed in any case. (pagepressjournals.org)
  • The objectives of this study were: to determine the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis and co-infections with Candida spp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Among samples positive for T. vaginalis , co-infection with G. vaginalis was detected in 29 samples and co-infection with Candida spp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • 3. The method in accordance with claim 1 wherein the eukaryotic microorganism is selected from the group consisting of Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, and Candida glabrata in samples onboard the automated molecular diagnostics platform, the INFINITI System. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Gardnerella is a genus of Gram-variable-staining facultative anaerobic bacteria of which Gardnerella vaginalis is the only species. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is widely accepted that the microbial switch from normal microflora to the flora commonly associated with BV is characterized by a decrease in vaginal colonization by specific Lactobacillus species together with an increase of G. vaginalis and other anaerobes. (medsci.org)
  • Recent studies shedding light on the virulence properties of G. vaginalis , however, have drawn the species back into the spotlight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Gardnerella is in the Family Bifidobacteriaceae and is most closely related to species in the Genus Bifidobacterium . (biomedcentral.com)
  • In BV, normal vaginal flora, consisting of hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli, are replaced by Gardnerella vaginalis , Mycoplasma hominis , Mobiluncus species, and anaerobic gram-negative rods ( 14 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Molecular assay reagents intended to identify Gardnerella vaginalis, a gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium, the only species of the genus Gardnerella, family Rickettsiaceae, by detecting specific nucleic-acid information of the target bacteria. (ophthalmologymanagement.com)
  • What is more, along with G. vaginalis, a number of other anaerobic bacteria species can proliferate, like Mobiluncus, Bacteroides or Prevotella which are also present in low numbers in normal vaginal flora - resulting in a mixed infection. (osmosis.org)
  • These include enzymes enabling mucin degradation, a trait previously described to strongly correlate with BV, although commonly attributed to non-G. vaginalis species. (illinois.edu)
  • Theoretically, an early colonizer would contribute to the adherence and/or growth of additional species, so we next quantified the effect of G. vaginalis biofilms on the adherence and growth of other BV-associated species by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) technique. (mdpi.com)
  • Interestingly, G. vaginalis derived a growth benefit from the addition of a second species, regardless of the species. (mdpi.com)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis is a facultative anaerobe in the family Bifidobacteriaceae and is one of the dominant species in BV ( 10 ). (asm.org)
  • O'Hanlon and Baeten found that 96% of Lactobacillus species from a healthy vaginal ecosystem produced H2O2 (L. jensenii and L. vaginalis produce the highest levels of H2O2), whereas only 6% of the lactobacilli recovered from women with BV produced H2O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amazingly, these samples yielded enough DNA to fully reconstruct the genomes of two species of bacteria, Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Gardnerella vaginalis , which infected the woman and likely led to her death," Hendrik Poinar, an ancient DNA expert at McMaster University, said in a news release . (upi.com)
  • In an effort to better understand the differences between G. vaginalis isolated from women with a positive (BV) versus a negative (non-BV) diagnosis of BV, we compared the virulence potential of 7 BV and 7 non-BV G. vaginalis isolates and assessed the virulence factors related to biofilm formation, namely: initial adhesion and cytotoxic effect, biofilm accumulation, susceptibility to antibiotics, and transcript levels of the known vaginolysin, and sialidase genes. (ualg.pt)
  • Anti-G. vaginalis (αGV) isolates were identified and phylogenetically clustered following full genome sequencing and their antiGV target range specificities were investigated. (laurentian.ca)
  • G. vaginalis isolates should be incubated in a 5-10% CO 2 enriched atmosphere for best results. (hardydiagnostics.com)
  • The genetic characterisation of T. vaginalis isolates reveals significant genetic diversity in this organism. (hindawi.com)
  • One clone producing IgG1 was selected and characterized by indirect ELISA , dot blot, and Western blot , and we also tested clinical isolates and HeLa cells infected with G. vaginalis. (bvsalud.org)
  • Fifteen male patients from whose urine samples Gardnerella vaginalis was isolated (clinical incidence of 0.1%) were evaluated for clinical signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection and modality of acquisition of the organism. (asm.org)
  • Infection by Gardnerella vaginalis could only be evaluated in the latter two decades. (nih.gov)
  • This feature is used for a diagnostic test: drops of potassium hydroxide solution (10%) are brought into contact with the vaginal secretion in order to release the pungent odor typical of gardnerella infection. (bogolybu.com.ua)
  • Clue cells and amine test gave inconsistent results in the presence of G. vaginalis infection. (who.int)
  • The only statistically significant between-year difference in co-infection rates was observed for T. vaginalis with G. vaginalis due to an elevated rate in 2011. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Prevalence and risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis , Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis infection in pregnant women in Papua New Guinea. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Its main etiological agent is Gardnerella vaginalis , which produces several virulence factors involved in vaginal infection and colonization, in particular, sialidase (SLD), a potential clinical biomarker that participates in immune response modulation and mucus degradation. (bvsalud.org)
  • Recent studies demonstrated that G. vaginalis (strain JCP8151B) was sufficient to cause several features of BV in a mouse vaginal infection model ( 11 , 12 ). (asm.org)
  • Infection of the vagina by Gardnerella vaginalis . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • dominated to a more heterogeneous environment with anaerobic bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae. (nih.gov)
  • Finally, a clinical Lactobacillus crispatus isolate (24-9-7) produces lactic acid and inhibits growth of both G. vaginalis and N. gonorrhoeae on PVM. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We observed that Eubacterium eligens (mOR = 11.5, 95% CI 1.31~101.4), Gardnerella vaginalis (mOR = 17.0, 95% CI 2.18-131.8), and Ureaplasma urealyticum (mOR = 7.42, 95% CI 1.3-42.46) had the strongest associations with HPV clearance, and Lactobacillus johnsonii (mOR = 16.4, 95% CI 1.77-152.2) with HPV persistence. (nature.com)
  • Therefore, we quantified adherence of G. vaginalis and other BV-associated bacteria to an inert surface pre-coated with Lactobacillus crispatus using a new Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) methodology. (mdpi.com)
  • En sund skede indeholder normalt mange mikroorganismer , og almindeligste er Lactobacillus crispatus og Lactobacillus jensenii . (wikipedia.org)
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus er ikke en af de Lactobacillus- arter, som er identificeret til at spille en beskyttende rolle i skeden. (wikipedia.org)
  • En ændring i den normale bakterielle flora, herunder reduktion af Lactobacillus, kan skyldes anvendelsen af antibiotika eller pH-ubalance, giver andre bakterier mulighed for at vinde fodfæste og formere sig. (wikipedia.org)
  • The proportion of L. crispatus was negatively associated with the proportions of L. iners, L. jensenii, L. gasseri, G. vaginalis, Megasphaera , Atopobium vaginae and Prevotella (p (bvsalud.org)
  • The prevalence of BV defined by Nugent score was 21% (27/130), whereas the prevalence of an abnormal vaginal microbiota was 28% (36/130) defined by qPCR with high concentrations of Gardnerella vaginalis and/or Atopobium vaginae. (nih.gov)
  • This trial was designed to assess the cost-effectiveness of a systematic screen-and-treat program based on a point-of-care technique for rapid molecular diagnosis, immediately followed by an appropriate antibiotic treatment, to detect the presence of abnormal vaginal flora (specifically, Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis) before 20 weeks of gestation in pregnant women in France. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • BV was detected with the Nugent scoring system, and A. vaginae and G. vaginalis DNA was quantified with a multiplex quantitative real-time PCR assay. (bmj.com)
  • T. vaginalis was detected using the TaqMan assay using commercially available primers and probes specific for this protozoan (Pr04646256_s1). (hindawi.com)
  • The INFINITI[R] Resolve QUAD Assay individually identifies Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus spp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A. vaginae, G. vaginalis, Mobiluncus spp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smidt og Hansen publicerede i 2003 en metode baseret på den relative forekomst af lactobaciller og små bakterier (Gardnerella og/eller Mobiluncus morphotyper) [6] . (wikipedia.org)
  • Mikroorganismerne involveret i bakteriel vaginose er meget forskelligartede, men omfatter Gardnerella vaginalis , Mobiluncus, Bacteroides og Mycoplasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • An A. vaginae DNA concentration of ≥10 7 copies/mL together with a positive G. vaginalis result (≥10 0 copies/mL) best discriminated between BV-positive (39/220) and non-BV categories (181/220) with a sensitivity of 85% (95% CI 0.70 to 0.94) and a specificity of 82% (95% CI 0.76 to 0.88). (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions A. vaginae and G. vaginalis were present in high numbers and concentrations in this pregnant cohort. (bmj.com)
  • In contrast, the proportion of G. vaginalis was positively associated with levels of Megasphaera , A. vaginae and Prevotella (p Megasphaera , A. vaginae or Prevotella . (bvsalud.org)
  • G. vaginalis and A. vaginae. (nih.gov)
  • Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the pretreatment cervicovaginal loads of A. vaginae and G. vaginalis for women who restored normal flora and those who persisted with BV after a full course of oral metronidazole. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Cervicovaginal samples were tested for genital tract infections, microscopic classification of local microbiota and molecular quantification of A. vaginae and G. vaginalis . (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • These results suggest that further clinical study of the relationship of A. vaginae with G. vaginalis and the development of BV should be performed. (nih.gov)
  • Data on the prevalence of different genotypes of T. vaginalis in South African populations is lacking. (hindawi.com)
  • The prevalence of T. vaginalis in the study population was 12.9% (47/362). (hindawi.com)
  • The prevalence of T. vaginalis was 2.4 % between 2011 and 2014, being higher during the first few months of both 2011 and 2012. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of virulence factors in G. vaginalis associated with BV or non-BV cases and their correlations with this disorder. (ac.ir)
  • Our results showed the presence of G. vaginalis in all BV patients and relatively high prevalence in healthy individuals. (ac.ir)
  • The Affirm VP Microbial Identification System is a rapid, objective, and automated test for the detection of T. vaginalis and clinically significant levels of G. vaginalis that is comparable to wet mount examination for clue cells and is superior to wet mount examination for the detection of trichomonads. (asm.org)
  • The present invention relates to nucleic acid amplification assays for the detection of nucleic acid sequences of Gardnerella vaginalis. (patents.com)
  • Molecular testing is obviously more sensitive and specific than culture method and microscopic research, especially for the detection of Gardnerella. (pagepressjournals.org)
  • Each strain has significant virulence potential, although genomic and metabolic differences, such as the ability to degrade mucin, indicate that the detection of G. vaginalis in the vaginal tract provides only partial information on the physiological potential of the organism. (illinois.edu)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of BV in Bulgarian pregnant and nonpregnant women from several age ranges and to compare three different laboratory methods for Gardnerella vaginalis detection in patents suffering from BV. (bjid.org.br)
  • Comparison of conventional testing to polymerase chain reaction in detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in indigenous women living in remote areas. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for the detection of G. vaginalis 16S rRNA, vaginolysin, sialidase and phospholipase genes. (ac.ir)
  • Of the 28 positive samples, 23 were concomitant with Gardnerella vaginalis detection. (nih.gov)
  • Se determinaron los biotipos y susceptibilidad a ampicilina , clindamicina , eritromicina , ciprofloxacina y tetraciclina de 63 cepas de Gardnerella vaginalis aisladas de pacientes con vaginosis bacteriana . (bvsalud.org)
  • En pH-værdi større end 4,5 er højere end normalt og tyder på bakteriel vaginosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis (ATCC ® 14018) colonies growing on Starch Agar with Bromcresol Purple (Cat. (hardydiagnostics.com)
  • in affecting colonization by G. vaginalis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • This phenomenon could have important implications regarding colonization of the vagina by G. vaginalis and may suggest an explanation for the lack of an overt immune response to this organism. (asm.org)
  • In 50% of patients, the presence of gardnerella in the vagina is completely asymptomatic. (bogolybu.com.ua)
  • Lactobacilli, Gardnerella vaginalis , and Mycoplasma hominis in cervicovaginal lavage samples were quantified by PCR. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • We did not find any statistical correlation between G. vaginalis biotypes and its virulence factors. (ebscohost.com)
  • Virulence factors expressed by G. vaginalis were not associated with a single biotype. (ebscohost.com)
  • Now, when vaginal pH increases, G. vaginalis can use a number of virulence factors to cause disease. (osmosis.org)
  • citation needed] G. vaginalis produces a pore-forming toxin, vaginolysin, which affects only human cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ok, now, G. vaginalis produces a cytotoxin called vaginolysin and an enzyme called sialidase, and both of these help it adhere to the vaginal epithelial cells and colonize the vaginal epithelium. (osmosis.org)
  • Drawing the line between commensal and pathogenic Gardnerella vaginalis through genome analysis and virulence studies. (ebscohost.com)
  • Our results confirmed that pathogenic G vaginalis 101 had a higher capacity for adhesion to the cervical epithelial cells than strain 5-1. (medsci.org)
  • This study outlines two distinct genotypic variants of G. vaginalis , one apparently commensal and one pathogenic, and presents evidence for disparate virulence potentials. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of 93 strains of G. vaginalis was not typical of either Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacteria. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • The G. vaginalis collection was shown to be diverse by genotyping and by their antibiotic susceptibility profiles. (laurentian.ca)
  • A varying susceptibility pattern of G. vaginalis was observed against various antimicrobials, metronidazole (95%) and gentamicin (75%) showing highest sensitivity. (who.int)
  • Increasing levels of G. vaginalis and M. hominis and decreasing levels of lactobacilli were significantly associated with BV by Nugent score. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Of the group with Nugent scores of 7 to 10, 83% and 81% had log 10 G. vaginalis counts and log 10 M. hominis counts greater than 6.81 and 4.82, respectively, while only 30% and 31% of the group with Nugent scores of 0 to 3 were above these thresholds, respectively. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • PCR quantification of G. vaginalis and M. hominis from CVL is significantly more sensitive than Amsel criteria for diagnosing BV. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis hemolysin: Isolation, characterization and in vitro effects on polymorphonuclear leukocytes. (edu.ps)
  • There appeared to be a relationship between patients who presented with vaginal discharge with isolation of G. vaginalis. (edu.ng)
  • Our goal was to characterize the interaction between two Gardnerella vaginalis strains, one of which was isolated from a healthy woman (strain 5-1) and the other from a woman diagnosed with BV (strain 101), and vaginal lactobacilli on the adherence to cervical epithelial cells. (medsci.org)
  • In this study, we sought to characterize the interaction between vaginal epithelium, G. vaginalis , and VLY using EpiVaginal tissues from MatTek. (asm.org)
  • In contrast, L. iners and G. vaginalis were most abundant in 63% and 41% of women who were positive for these microorganisms, respectively (p (bvsalud.org)
  • Consequently, microorganisms, such as G. vaginalis , capable of hydrolyzing starch will exhibit colonies surrounded by a yellow zone. (hardydiagnostics.com)
  • In order to simulate the transition from vaginal health to BV, the lactobacilli were cultured with the epithelial cells first, and then the G. vaginalis strain was introduced. (medsci.org)
  • We quantified the inhibition of G. vaginalis adherence by the lactobacilli and displacement of adherent lactobacilli by G. vaginalis . (medsci.org)
  • Furthermore, we also determined the ability of G. vaginalis to displace lactobacilli previously adhered to HeLa cells. (ualg.pt)
  • Importantly, we demonstrated that BV associated G. vaginalis were able to displace pre-coated vaginal protective lactobacilli and we hypothesize this to be a trigger for BV development. (ualg.pt)
  • As we already know, the vast majority of vaginal microflora is represented by lactobacilli, which oxidize the environment in order to "control" potential pathogens, among which one of the places of honor belongs to the vaginal gardnerella. (bogolybu.com.ua)
  • Hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli have been shown to inactivate HIV-1, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), Trichomonas vaginalis, G. vaginalis, P. bivia and E. coli. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, G. vaginalis and N. gonorrhoeae form biofilms on PVM. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Comparative transcriptomic analysis of Gardnerella vaginalis biofilms vs. plank. (rcaap.pt)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis , or G. Vaginalis for short, is a gram-variable coccobacillus present in low numbers in normal vaginal flora. (osmosis.org)
  • Production and characterization of a monoclonal antibody against the sialidase of Gardnerella vaginalis using a synthetic peptide in a MAP8 format. (bvsalud.org)
  • Retrocyclin inhibits Gardnerella vaginalis biofilm formation and toxin activity. (ebscohost.com)
  • Protease and sialidase enzyme activities frequently accompany G. vaginalis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main objective of this work was the production and evaluation of a monoclonal antibody against G. vaginalis sialidase and its validation in immunoassays . (bvsalud.org)
  • Microbiology of vaginal discharge with emphasis on gardnerella vaginalis. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • The composition of the vaginal microbiota in mid-trimester pregnant women is influenced by the relative concentrations of L. crispatus, L. iners and G. vaginalis. (bvsalud.org)
  • In this study, 362 pregnant women from the King Edward VIII Hospital in Durban, South Africa, provided vaginal swabs to be tested for the presence of T. vaginalis . (hindawi.com)
  • Then, G. vaginalis produces proteolytic carboxylase enzymes which will break down vaginal peptides into volatile amines, which have an unpleasant smell. (osmosis.org)
  • G. vaginalis produces a beta hemolysis which can be detected on human blood agar, although a bona fide hemolysin had not been previously characterized. (edu.ps)
  • Finally, G. vaginalis is non-spore forming, non-motile and facultative anaerobic which means it can survive in both aerobic and anaerobic environments. (osmosis.org)
  • G. vaginalis is a fastidious organism and requires complex medium for growth. (biomedcentral.com)
  • G. vaginalis was isolated from 51.3 percent of the total population using a highly selective medium that detected the organism in lower concentration in vaginal discharge than did previously used media. (nih.gov)
  • Involvement of Gardnerella vaginalis in urinary tract infections in men. (asm.org)
  • However, it is also present in a significant proportion of healthy women and G. vaginalis vaginal colonization does not always lead to BV. (ualg.pt)
  • These data reveal differences in the effects of pH, various acids and L. crispatus on the growth of G. vaginalis and N. gonorrhoeae on a live vaginal mucosal surface. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We found that G. vaginalis had the greatest capacity to adhere in the presence of L. crispatus . (mdpi.com)
  • Cocktail formulations consisted of promising representatives from αGV clusters, with overlapping complimentary properties and specificity to G. vaginalis were identified for further study as the antimicrobial candidates for BV. (laurentian.ca)
  • Significant differences in expression of known virulence genes were also detected, further suggesting a higher virulence potential of the BV associated G. vaginalis. (ualg.pt)
  • All G. vaginalis strains possess a large number of genes that may enhance their ability to compete with and exclude other vaginal colonists. (illinois.edu)
  • Gardnerella vaginalis was originally identified as the causative agent, but subsequent findings that it is commonly isolated from seemingly healthy women cast doubt on this claim. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Trichomonas vaginalis is the causative agent of trichomoniasis. (hindawi.com)
  • Vaginal swab specimens were used for culture of Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis, preparation of a vaginal smear for Gram stain interpretation, and wet mount evaluation. (asm.org)
  • Now, G. vaginalis is gram-variable, which means it can stain either positive or negative with Gram-staining. (osmosis.org)
  • So, Gram-variable bacteria, like G. vaginalis, first appear Gram-positive and then, as the culture ages, they gradually lose the peptidoglycan in their wall, and once their wall is too thin to retain purple color, they become Gram-negative. (osmosis.org)
  • Hardy Diagnostics Starch Agar with Bromcresol Purple is recommended for use in the differentiation of Gardnerella vaginalis from genitourinary specimens. (hardydiagnostics.com)
  • The probe system detected G. vaginalis in 57 (90%) of 63 vaginal specimens from women having clue cells on wet mount examination, and in only 3 (3%) of 113 women without clue cells, suggesting that the Affirm probe for G. vaginalis could be used as a surrogate for wet mount examination for clue cells. (asm.org)
  • Vaginal wet smear microscopy detected T. vaginalis in 29% and "clue" cells in 41,3% of smears. (ukzn.ac.za)