Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Tilapia: A freshwater fish used as an experimental organism and for food. This genus of the family Cichlidae (CICHLIDS) inhabits Central and South America (one species extends north into Texas), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.AnguillaWetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Salmonidae: A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Eels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Elapidae: A family of extremely venomous snakes, comprising coral snakes, cobras, mambas, kraits, and sea snakes. They are widely distributed, being found in the southern United States, South America, Africa, southern Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. The elapids include three subfamilies: Elapinae, Hydrophiinae, and Lauticaudinae. Like the viperids, they have venom fangs in the front part of the upper jaw. The mambas of Africa are the most dangerous of all snakes by virtue of their size, speed, and highly toxic venom. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p329-33)Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Acidic Glycosphingolipids: A subclass of GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS containing large polar heads made up of several sugar units. One or more of their terminal sugar units are bound to a negatively charged molecule at pH 7. Members of this class include: GANGLIOSIDES, uronoglycosphingolipids, SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS, phosphoglycosphingolipids, and phosphonoglycosphingolipids.Trout: Various fish of the family SALMONIDAE, usually smaller than salmon. They are mostly restricted to cool clear freshwater. Some are anadromous. They are highly regarded for their handsome colors, rich well-flavored flesh, and gameness as an angling fish. The genera Salvelinus, Salmo, and ONCORHYNCHUS have been introduced virtually throughout the world.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Crustacea: A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Queensland: A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Chlorophyta: A phylum of photosynthetic EUKARYOTA bearing double membrane-bound plastids containing chlorophyll a and b. They comprise the classical green algae, and represent over 7000 species that live in a variety of primarily aquatic habitats. Only about ten percent are marine species, most live in freshwater.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Chlorides: Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Water Deprivation: The withholding of water in a structured experimental situation.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Cyanobacteria: A phylum of oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria comprised of unicellular to multicellular bacteria possessing CHLOROPHYLL a and carrying out oxygenic PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Cyanobacteria are the only known organisms capable of fixing both CARBON DIOXIDE (in the presence of light) and NITROGEN. Cell morphology can include nitrogen-fixing heterocysts and/or resting cells called akinetes. Formerly called blue-green algae, cyanobacteria were traditionally treated as ALGAE.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Water SofteningTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Drinking: The consumption of liquids.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Cryopreservation: Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.Aquaporins: A class of porins that allow the passage of WATER and other small molecules across CELL MEMBRANES.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
  • and Balamuthia mandrillaris are opportunistic free-living amoebae capable of causing granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) in individuals with compromised immune systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • and Balamuthia mandrillaris are free-living amebae capable of causing granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE). (cdc.gov)
  • Moray, American and electric eels live in freshwater streams, ponds, deep tropical and sub-tropical waters. (reference.com)
  • Although Nelson's Healthy Streams project has seen significant gains, there is more that can be done to uphold Te Mana o te Wai, a concept that refers to the integrated health and wellbeing of water as a continuum from the mountains to the sea. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Communities living underground in cave streams are entirely dependent on movement of energy and nutrients from the surface. (publish.csiro.au)
  • The Beach Camp is one of the more densely populated areas of Gaza and therefore one of the most affected by water scarcity. (palsolidarity.org)
  • African leaders, through their development blueprint, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), have identified water scarcity as one of the factors undermining the continent's development. (un.org)
  • Underground water is held in aquifers which vary in terms of the amount of water they hold, the depth, and the rate of at which they replenish. (worldatlas.com)
  • Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. (tradingeconomics.com)
  • The project celebrated a big victory in 2018 when the City of Austin adopted a bold new 100-year water plan that applies innovative water conservation and reuse technologies to help the city become more drought- and flood-resilient. (nwf.org)
  • Between the autumn of 2017 and the first days of summer in 2018, International Medical Corps restored seven shallow-well water systems to service in the two districts, enabling each to provide safe water to a nearby targeted school. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • The dwarf spike rush, Eleocharis pusilla, is native to Australia and New Zealand and inhabits wetlands with different water levels. (marinedepot.com)
  • She continued as a postdoctoral researcher at the Trent University and Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, where her research focus was on conservation genetics of endangered freshwater mussels. (usgs.gov)
  • Live Clean Fresh Water Hydrating Shampoo gently cleanses while adding natural moisture and shine. (ralphs.com)
  • In a well planted tank, fish have better habitat, live a more natural life, and appear much more comfortable than in an unplanted tank or a tank with less habitat. (max-larson.com)
  • We've seen a natural uptake in use of it, which is encouraging because we hope our members are not only exploring fresh waterways for recreation purposes but are also appreciating and connecting to freshwater. (tidescanada.org)
  • These 100% natural live food is eagerly taken by most top feeders. (theaquariumwiki.com)
  • have been building dams that prevent the water from following its natural course to Gaza, leaving rainwater as the sole source of the coastal aquifer. (palsolidarity.org)
  • These complexes can bind the majority of U in most natural freshwaters, including springs within and adjacent to the Grand Canyon withdrawal area. (usgs.gov)
  • Developed with natural ingredients, Fresh Breath Drops help turn bad pet breath into fresh breath while providing essential daily oral care. (petco.com)
  • The iodine kills many-but not all-of the most common pathogens present in natural fresh water sources. (wikibooks.org)
  • When the winds are weaker or spinning in the opposite direction, fresh water is released back into the rest of the Arctic Ocean, and from there to the world's other oceans . (livescience.com)
  • Water experts warned earlier this year that most people will be afflicted by water shortage within the next two decades. (theatlantic.com)
  • As every year during the summer, the water shortage in the Gaza Strip is accentuated. (palsolidarity.org)
  • At the same time, the energy shortage caused by the blockade prevents engines and water pumps from pushing it from wells and tanks to houses and farming fields. (palsolidarity.org)
  • With more than a decade of experience providing humanitarian assistance to those residing in the Wolayita zone of the country's vast Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), International Medical Corps became increasingly aware of the disproportionate effects of a shortage of safe drinking water on children living in remote "water-poor" areas. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • Lusala's estimated 4,000 inhabitants depend on farming for a livelihood, and their farm income partially funded the water scheme. (un.org)
  • These can be mostly found among worms in water. (theaquariumwiki.com)
  • About 75% of fresh water in the world is found in the form of frozen glaciers and ice sheets. (worldatlas.com)
  • We found Angels Senior Living for my mother. (caring.com)
  • Children who once routinely used school time to walk five or six hours, roundtrip, to find remote, unprotected sources of water miles away from home now found it only steps away from their school. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • Beyond its use in toothpaste to prevent gingivitis, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has found no evidence that triclosan in antibacterial soaps and body washes provide any benefit over washing with regular soap and water. (phys.org)
  • A dramatic rise in fresh water in the Arctic's Beaufort Sea was primarily caused not by melting ice but by a 20-year-long shift in atmospheric pressure that altered the output of three mighty Russian rivers, a new study finds. (livescience.com)
  • Frigid water flowing from the Ob, Lena and Yenisey rivers into the Arctic Ocean was diverted hundreds of miles to a completely different part of the ocean in response to the pressure shift, which was associated with a phenomenon called the Arctic Oscillation. (livescience.com)
  • Texas Living Waters Project works with local water providers and regional water planners to transform the landscape of water planning so that it is conservation-oriented and leaves enough fresh water in rivers and bays to support wildlife. (nwf.org)
  • Texas Living Waters Project's legal team is a watchdog for Texas rivers, bays, and wildlife, as well as for the people whose livelihoods and family traditions depend on healthy waterways. (nwf.org)
  • Daphnia also called water fleas are small freshwater aquatic crustaceans. (theaquariumwiki.com)
  • Certain small cladoceran crustaceans, such as Daphnia and Moina , not only serve as highly nutritious live food items, but are quite easy to culture in perpetuity. (petmd.com)
  • Frozen foods, live foods, and items shipped directly from the manufacturer do not qualify for this special offer. (marinedepot.com)
  • This means that you must know what kind of water pH they could survive in and if it matches that of the fish, the hardness levels and the amount of light they must grow well. (max-larson.com)
  • The open floor plan flows with living and dining next to the kitchen for easy flow. (vrbo.com)
  • If adopted the new provisions will give Council the ability to better support those that manage freshwater as it flows from our mountains to the sea. (scoop.co.nz)
  • UNDP reports that the scheme uses gravity to tap water from a higher point, so that it naturally flows down through two intake pipes into a 75-cubic-metre reservoir. (un.org)
  • The lack of clean water and basic sanitation and hygiene facilities also leads to high turnover for teachers and health workers, especially in rural area where such shortages are most severe. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • With an eye toward supporting future generations at a critically important time of their lives, our teams proposed a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) program focused on bringing safe drinking water directly to 15 primary and secondary schools in two districts of Wolayita. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • In addition, we trained local artisans about how to develop business plans for sanitation marketing, as part of efforts to end open defecation-a practice that has contaminated many sources of available water in the two districts and has forced community members to rely on a small number of deep boreholes for their water or to travel long distances to tap unpolluted water. (internationalmedicalcorps.org)
  • Drinking water and sanitation are their major needs. (ipsnews.net)
  • This study identified that ternary U complexes may be important in mitigating U bioavailability in hard, alkaline waters such as springs in Grand Canyon area. (usgs.gov)
  • Knowing the pathways of fresh water in the upper ocean is important to understanding global climate because of fresh water's role in protecting sea ice- it can help create a barrier between the ice and warmer ocean water below - and its role in global ocean circulation . (livescience.com)
  • Collectively, information on the biogeochemical factors that affect aqueous and dietary U bioavailability will better characterize U exposure pathways and risk in freshwater ecosystems. (usgs.gov)
  • Despite these laws, the demand for live fish has inspired people to illegally move these animals across borders. (freshwaterfuture.org)
  • So, if we can address issues before they become full-fledged problems, then people can become more connected to their freshwaters. (tidescanada.org)
  • Once people feel connected and see benefits from being out on the water and being out in nature, they are more likely to become stewards of these freshwater sources and do not take them for granted. (tidescanada.org)
  • If they did find them, whether they were able to get enough water out of them to make sure 68 people wouldn't die of thirst [is another question]. (abc.net.au)
  • We collected several testimonies of people affected by this problem in order to discuss them with the engineer Monther Shoblak, General Director of the Palestinian National Authority Coastal Municipalities Water Utility (CMWU). (palsolidarity.org)
  • People can't imagine how we are suffering because of the lack of water. (palsolidarity.org)
  • Every day we buy gasoline to run the generator the hours when there's running water, but the economic situation of the people is very precarious and not everyone can spend 20 NIS a day on gas just to have water in the tanks. (palsolidarity.org)
  • In the capital city with its population of 514,000, over 60,000 people have had to leave their homes to live in camps on military bases or public spaces. (ipsnews.net)
  • While unscented soaps are available, many people like a fragrance and may even "feel" cleaner using a soap that imparts a fresh scent. (bobvila.com)
  • used as a drinking water source for people and cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although fish and aquarium water can spread germs to people, illness due to keeping fish is rare. (cdc.gov)
  • People can become infected through open wounds or by drinking contaminated water. (cdc.gov)
  • It is spread to people and animals through contaminated aquarium water. (cdc.gov)
  • Opisthorchiasis has been extensively studied in Thailand, where an estimated 6 million people are infected with the liver fluke (calculated from overall 9.4% prevalence within the population in 2001) [ 3 ]. (plos.org)
  • Hand-washing with soap and water is a basic daily routine for most. (bobvila.com)
  • Washing your hands with soap and water can prevent the spread of colds, flu, and other viruses. (bobvila.com)
  • The first testimony is that of Azzam Miflah El Sheikh Khalil, who says "the water comes only once every three days, and just for a few hours, which is not enough [to fill the tanks]. (palsolidarity.org)
  • Today, for example, in my home and in the homes of my four sons and their families we don't have a drop of water, the four tanks are empty. (palsolidarity.org)
  • The situation is very hard, we have no water, we have no electricity, we have no work … If water and electricity would coincide at least three hours a day it would be enough to fill the tanks enough to spend the day. (palsolidarity.org)
  • If your budget for setting up an aquarium is limited, then you should consider investing in freshwater fish tanks. (doityourself.com)
  • There is really no minimum size requirement for freshwater fish tanks, which helps you start small, with few fish and accessories. (doityourself.com)
  • The freshwater content of the Arctic waters is of concern because of its connection to sea ice melt , which has increased substantially in recent decades, resulting in record-low areas of sea ice coverage in the region. (livescience.com)
  • The specific issues around freshwater that are of concern in Canada are blue green algae and sewage pollution ‒ issues that directly affect our members' ability to utilize fresh waterways. (tidescanada.org)
  • If you have freshwater fishes, especially ones that are hardy and low maintenance, you really do not have to concern yourself too much about the condition of the water. (doityourself.com)
  • If he dies in the tank, he shouldn't really pose a problem as I am thinking he is dying because of stress from water parameters , rather than an infection (the latter would indicate a lot more than 1 shrimp dying). (fishlore.com)
  • Is the Subject Area "Water resources" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • She said the beach offered at least some water resources for a survivor's camp, only adding to the mystery of their fate. (abc.net.au)
  • Saudi Arabia is one of the most arid countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and its freshwater resources are rapidly depleting. (frost.com)
  • The water infrastructure in Saudi Arabia is better than in other MENA countries, but the government still needs to adopt best practices to better manage water resources and meet international standards. (frost.com)
  • The Water After Borders summit is taking place at UIC this week where experts on fresh water sustainability discuss issues facing scarce water resources. (wbez.org)
  • Free-living amebae belonging to the genera Acanthamoeba , Balamuthia , Naegleria and Sappinia are rare causes of disease in humans and animals. (cdc.gov)