Method of tissue preparation in which the tissue specimen is frozen and then dehydrated at low temperature in a high vacuum. This method is also used for dehydrating pharmaceutical and food products.
Preparation for electron microscopy of minute replicas of exposed surfaces of the cell which have been ruptured in the frozen state. The specimen is frozen, then cleaved under high vacuum at the same temperature. The exposed surface is shadowed with carbon and platinum and coated with carbon to obtain a carbon replica.
A modification of the freeze-drying method in which the ice within the frozen tissue is replaced by alcohol or other solvent at a very low temperature.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
A replica technique in which cells are frozen to a very low temperature and cracked with a knife blade to expose the interior surfaces of the cells or cell membranes. The cracked cell surfaces are then freeze-dried to expose their constituents. The surfaces are now ready for shadowing to be viewed using an electron microscope. This method differs from freeze-fracturing in that no cryoprotectant is used and, thus, allows for the sublimation of water during the freeze-drying process to etch the surfaces.
The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
Substances that provide protection against the harmful effects of freezing temperatures.
Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
The use of freezing as a special surgical technique to destroy or excise tissue.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Damage to tissues as the result of low environmental temperatures.
Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.
One of the protein CROSS-LINKING REAGENTS that is used as a disinfectant for sterilization of heat-sensitive equipment and as a laboratory reagent, especially as a fixative.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.
The process of protecting various samples of biological material.
A large family of fruit flies in the order DIPTERA, comprising over 4,500 species in about 100 genera. They have patterned wings and brightly colored bodies and are found predominantly in the tropical latitudes.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).
Osmium. A very hard, gray, toxic, and nearly infusible metal element, atomic number 76, atomic weight 190.2, symbol Os. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Agents employed in the preparation of histologic or pathologic specimens for the purpose of maintaining the existing form and structure of all of the constituent elements. Great numbers of different agents are used; some are also decalcifying and hardening agents. They must quickly kill and coagulate living tissue.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
Proteins that bind to ice and modify the growth of ice crystals. They perform a cryoprotective role in a variety of organisms.
A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
The dormant state in which some warm-blooded animal species pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
The technique of using a microtome to cut thin or ultrathin sections of tissues embedded in a supporting substance. The microtome is an instrument that hold a steel, glass or diamond knife in clamps at an angle to the blocks of prepared tissues, which it cuts in sections of equal thickness.
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.
The mechanical process of cooling.
Clotting time of PLASMA recalcified in the presence of excess TISSUE THROMBOPLASTIN. Factors measured are FIBRINOGEN; PROTHROMBIN; FACTOR V; FACTOR VII; and FACTOR X. It is used for monitoring anticoagulant therapy with COUMARINS.
An induced response to threatening stimuli characterized by the cessation of body movements, except for those that are involved with BREATHING, and the maintenance of an immobile POSTURE.
Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.
A class of enzymes that transfers phosphate groups and has a carboxyl group as an acceptor. EC 2.7.2.
Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.
System established by the World Health Organization and the International Committee on Thrombosis and Hemostasis for monitoring and reporting blood coagulation tests. Under this system, results are standardized using the International Sensitivity Index for the particular test reagent/instrument combination used.
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
An organization of cells into an organ-like structure. Organoids can be generated in culture. They are also found in certain neoplasms.
The process by which semen is kept viable outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
Methods of preparing tissue for examination and study of the origin, structure, function, or pathology.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Electron microscopy in which the ELECTRONS or their reaction products that pass down through the specimen are imaged below the plane of the specimen.
A class of porins that allow the passage of WATER and other small molecules across CELL MEMBRANES.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
Direct contact of a cell with a neighboring cell. Most such junctions are too small to be resolved by light microscopy, but they can be visualized by conventional or freeze-fracture electron microscopy, both of which show that the interacting CELL MEMBRANE and often the underlying CYTOPLASM and the intervening EXTRACELLULAR SPACE are highly specialized in these regions. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p792)
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
Relating to the size of solids.
A highly polar organic liquid, that is used widely as a chemical solvent. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect tissue during CRYOPRESERVATION. Dimethyl sulfoxide shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
Electron microscopy involving rapid freezing of the samples. The imaging of frozen-hydrated molecules and organelles permits the best possible resolution closest to the living state, free of chemical fixatives or stains.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.

The localisation of 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate and inhibition of Rubisco in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. (1/944)

A recent controversial report suggests that the nocturnal inhibitor of Rubisco, 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1-phosphate (CAIP), does not bind to Rubisco in vivo and therefore that CA1P has no physiological relevance to photosynthetic regulation. It is now proved that a direct rapid assay can be used to distinguish between Rubisco-bound and free CA1P, as postulated in the controversial report. Application of this direct assay demonstrates that CA1P is bound to Rubisco in vivo in dark-adapted leaves. Furthermore, CA1P is shown to be in the chloroplasts of mesophyll cells. Thus, CA1P does play a physiological role in the regulation of Rubisco.  (+info)

Preparation of isolated intestinal villi useful for studying hydrolysis rates of penicillin and cephalosporin esters. (2/944)

A method for the preparation of freeze-dried intestinal villi from hamsters and mice is described. The villi, consisting largely of epithelial cells rich in esterase activity, are useful for hydrolysis studies of penicillin and cephalosporin esters.  (+info)

Effect of diluent temperature on creatine kinase values found for lyophilized controls and reference sera. (3/944)

We report the effect of temperature of diluent on creatine kinase activity in several lyophilized controls. Creatine kinase activity was significantly greater when the lyophilized control was reconstituted with diluent at 4 degrees C as compared to 25 degrees C. This is an additional source of variation in creatine kinase controls.  (+info)

The frog neuromuscular junction revisited after quick-freezing-freeze-drying: ultrastructure, immunogold labelling and high resolution calcium mapping. (4/944)

Until now, most ultrastructural studies on the neuromuscular junction have been carried out on samples first exposed to chemical treatments--with fixatives and/or dehydration agents--that are known to induce, or to be inadequate to prevent, artefactual changes of the native state. We report here on the potential of a physical approach to the preparation of samples that combines quick-freezing and freeze-drying (with or without exposure to OsO4 vapours) followed by direct embedding of the samples in various resins. Thin sections from physically processed frog neuromuscular junctions, when compared to their chemically fixed counterparts, exhibit an overall excellent preservation, with the organelles retaining their native density and shape. These preparations were also investigated by electron spectroscopic imaging and electron energy loss spectroscopy, obtaining high resolution maps of native total calcium distribution within the nerve terminal. Finally, thin sections from analogously processed, however unfixed, preparations embedded in Lowicryl, were immunogold labelled before exposure to OsO4. Nerve-muscle preparations treated this way exhibited adequate preservation of ultrastructure and revealed the distribution of synaptophysin with high sensitivity and resolution. In conclusion, we provide an overview of the potential of the quick-freezing-freeze-drying approach in the study of the neuromuscular junction function.  (+info)

Cell surface analysis techniques: What do cell preparation protocols do to cell surface properties? (5/944)

Cell surface analysis often requires manipulation of cells prior to examination. The most commonly employed procedures are centrifugation at different speeds, changes of media during washing or final resuspension, desiccation (either air drying for contact angle measurements or freeze-drying for sensitive spectroscopic analysis, such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), and contact with hydrocarbon (hydrophobicity assays). The effects of these procedures on electrophoretic mobility, adhesion to solid substrata, affinity to a number of Sepharose columns, structural integrity, and cell viability were systematically investigated for a range of model organisms, including carbon- and nitrogen-limited Psychrobacter sp. strain SW8 (glycocalyx-bearing cells), Escherichia coli (gram-negative cells without a glycocalyx), and Staphylococcus epidermidis (gram-positive cells without a glycocalyx). All of the cell manipulation procedures severely modified the physicochemical properties of cells, but with each procedure some organisms were more susceptible than others. Considerable disruption of cell surfaces occurred when organisms were placed in contact with a hydrocarbon (hexadecane). The majority of cells became nonculturable after air drying and freeze-drying. Centrifugation at a high speed (15,000 x g) modified many cell surface parameters significantly, although cell viability was considerably affected only in E. coli. The type of washing or resuspension medium had a strong influence on the values of cell surface parameters, particularly when high-salt solutions were compared with low-salt buffers. The values for parameters obtained with different methods that allegedly measure similar cell surface properties did not correlate for most cells. These results demonstrate that the methods used to prepare cells for cell surface analysis need to be critically investigated for each microorganism so that the final results obtained reflect the nature of the in situ microbial cell surface as closely as possible. There is an urgent need for new, reliable, nondestructive, minimally manipulative cell surface analysis techniques that can be used in situ.  (+info)

The influence of packing on free radical yields in solid-state DNA: film compared to lyophilized frozen solution. (6/944)

Radiation-induced free radical damage in solid-state DNA arises from direct-type damage mechanisms. In the present study, free radical yields in film and lyophilized Na DNA model systems are compared. The free radical yields in lyophilized samples are significantly greater than those in films. Since DNA conformation cannot account for the differences in free radical yields between different DNA preparations, it is proposed that the intermolecular spacing of DNA is a critical variable. The differences in the hydration dependence of free radical yields between the film and lyophilized DNA model systems are consistent with this thesis. The relatively large free radical yields observed in lyophilized DNA emphasize the fact that DNA is an extremely effective electron and hole scavenger, more so than previously thought.  (+info)

99mTc-ENS: a new radiopharmaceutical for aerosol lung scintigraphy. Comparison between different freeze-dried formulations. (7/944)

Exogenous natural surfactant (ENS) labeled with 99mTc(99mTc-ENS) is a new radiopharmaceutical for pulmonary aerosol scintigraphy. In this study, different freeze-dried formulations were evaluated to develop a suitable and long-storage method for the ENS, the nonradioactive precursor of this radiopharmaceutical. METHODS: Two freeze-dried formulations were evaluated: the sterile ENS suspension-stannous chloride altogether lyophilized (chlorlioENS) and the lyophilized sterile ENS suspension with the addition of stannous chloride as a solid drug (lioENS). These precursors were stored at room temperature for 3 mo and then labeled with 99mTc. For comparative purposes, the sterile ENS suspension with the addition of stannous chloride labeled with 99mTc(99mTc-chlorENS) was also studied. The quality controls for each radiopharmaceutical were performed by an ascending paper chromatography to determine the labeling yield percentages. The study was performed in 30 female Sprague Dawley rats, which inhaled each radiopharmaceutical by nebulization. Twenty-five minutes after the aerosol inhalation, the animals were killed to extract their organs and measure their activity in a gamma spectrometer. The data are given as the percentage of activity concentration (C%) for each organ. RESULTS: The physicochemical properties of lioENS were adequate for a freeze-dried product. The labeling yields for 99mTc-lioENS and for 99mTc-chlorENS were always greater than 95% even after nebulization. The results of the biologic distribution studies showed that the activity concentration found in lungs for these radiopharmaceuticals were 95.7% +/- 2.6% and 96.7% +/- 2.6% respectively, results that do not differ statistically. On the other hand, the activity concentration found in lungs for the 99mTc-chlorlioENS (31.3% +/- 11.1%) and its labeling yield percentages (<10%) are statistically different (P < 0.05) from the results obtained with the two radiopharmaceuticals mentioned above. CONCLUSION: Taking into account the lioENS physicochemical properties, its long shelf life and that 99mTc-lioENS shows the same radiochemical and radiopharmacological behavior of the 99mTc-chlorENS, it can be concluded that the 99mTc-lioENS can be used for aerosol lung scintigraphy.  (+info)

Preparation and characterization of microencapsulated proteinase inhibitor aprotinin. (8/944)

Preparation of microcapsules through interfacial cross-linking of soluble starch/hydroxyethyl starch and bovine serum albumin (BSA) with terephthaloyl chloride is described. The proteinase inhibitor aprotinin, either native or active site protected, was microencapsulated, being incorporated in the aqueous phase. The influence of aqueous phase pH, BSA, and terephthaloyl chloride concentrations as well as stirring rate on microcapsule morphology and size was studied. The polycondensation pH was shown to be the determining factor for tough microcapsule production with a high encapsulation yield. The size of the microcapsules ranged between 10-30 and 50-100 microm at stirring speed 1500 and 500 rpm, respectively. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic studies were performed on microcapsules prepared under various conditions. A correlation was established between spectral changes and microcapsule morphology and size. The optimal conditions for microcapsule degradation by alpha-amylase were found. Active site-protected aprotinin was shown to fully retain its activity after microencapsulation.  (+info)

Genevac has announced that it will display its latest solutions for freeze drying, lyophilisation and evaporation at ACHEMA 2012. Visitors to Hall 4.1, Booth N69 will have the chance to see the latest version of the Advantage Plus benchtop freeze dryer. Also on display will be the ROCKET Evaporator that is able to achieve the dual goals of very fast evaporation with very precise temperature control.
April 12, 1966 Filed May 12, 1964 VACUUM PUMP 30 III! s. NATELSON ETAL 3,245,152 TRAY LYOPHILIZATION APPARATUS 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 5AMl/EL NATL-250M %gez% April 1966 s. NATELSN ETAL 3,245,152 TRAY LYOPHILIZATIQN APPARATUS 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 12, 1964 5444051 44472-250 flae zzr gov/n50 INVENTORS jazz g zw A va/aver April 1966 s. NATELSOI\, ETAL 3,245,152 TRAY LYOPHILI ZAT ION APPARATUS Filed May 12, 1964 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 7 54114062 1V4 TEL 5 0A/ A ezeser 6 0775059 1N VENTORf United States Patent 3,245,152 TRAY LYOPHILIZATION APPARATUS Samuel Natelson, 15 Parkwold Drive W., Valley Stream, N.Y., and Herbert Gottfried, 3441 5th Ave., Oceanside, Long Island, N.Y., assignors to Samuel Natelson, Valley Stream, N.Y., and Herbert Gottfried, Oceanside, Filed May 12, 1964, Ser. No. 366,788 9 Claims. (Cl. 3492) The present invention relates to lyophilization or freeze drying and more particularly to an apparatus for lyophilization of liquids in trays. Lyophilization is a process used extensively in ...
J Swaminathan, C Ehrhardt, Effect of lyophilisation on liposomal systems for the delivery of salmon calcitonin (sCT), J Liposome Res, 24, 4, 2014, 297-303 ...
Report DetailsWhat are the commercial prospects for pharmaceutical freeze-drying? Visiongains brand new report gives you revenue predictions for the lyophilisation ...
Freeze-drying procedure has been traced back to prehistory, when Eskimo preserved fish by dehydration in the cold Arctic winds. Ancient Peruvian Incas placed their potatoes and other crops above Machu Picchu where the temperature and atmospheric pressure are low. They placed their products in cold climates to freeze at night and then in the day it would evaporate. In medicine Altmann used freeze-drying for the preparation of histological sections as early as 1980. Shackell independently rediscovered the technique in 1909 for the preservation of biologicals as he realised that the material had to be frozen before commercing the drying process. The industrial applications of freeze-drying do not appear to have been appreciated prior to patients of Tival in 1927 ...
Understanding the advantages and suitability of different methods to measure residual moisture content in lyophilized materials-and the respective limitations-aids in selecting the most appropriate method for testing.
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Kevin Ward began his career in freeze-drying in 1993 with a PhD on protein and liposome stabilisation and the thermal properties of lyophilised amorphous and crystalline mixtures. After working in the pharmaceutical industry and in vaccine development, he joined Biopharma in 2000. As R&D Director, he has built up a team of dedicated freeze-drying scientists, worked on over 2500 projects for more than 500 client companies across the globe, developed 3 analytical instruments, run more than 180 training courses, and successfully secured EU- and UK- government funding for 15 novel research projects. He has appeared on BBC television for his teams work on the preservation of red blood cells and been an advisor to the BBC for one of their popular science shows. Kevin is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and from 2000-2014, he was part of a not-for-profit focus group at the Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Sciences Society (formerly the Parenteral Society) that produced a series of technical ...
Professional bodies and Institutes CPD schemes are either structured as Input or Output based. Input based schemes list a precise number of CPD hours that individuals must achieve within a given time period. These schemes can also use different currencies such as points, merits, units or credits, where an individual must accumulate the number required. These currencies are usually based on time i.e. 1 CPD point = 1 hour of learning. Output based schemes are learner centred. They require individuals to set learning goals that align to professional competencies, or personal development objectives. These schemes also list different ways to achieve the learning goals e.g. training courses, seminars or e:learning, which enables an individual to complete their CPD through their preferred mode of learning. The majority of Input and Output based schemes actively encourage individuals to seek appropriate CPD activities independently. As a formal provider of CPD certified activities, SMI Group ...
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World famous cabinet freeze dryer food manufactures a range of World famous cabinet freeze dryer food from pilot models to large capacity industrial Industrial Freeze Dryer Machine. From 5.5kg to 1500kg ice condenser capacity, Industrial Microwave Systems Co Ltd. manufactures a range of freeze drying machines from pilot models to large capacity industrial Industrial Freeze Dryer Machine. From 5.5kg to 1500kg ice condenser capacity, our freeze drying machines are used for a range of applications from small pilot research plants to large commercial multi-dryer industrial World famous cabinet freeze dryer food
Visitors can now download, from a single location, in-depth information relating to Genevacs range of products.. Access is also provided to brochures describing freeze dryers, lyophilisation systems, thermal management equipment and glassware washers from sister companies in the SP Scientific group.. The Genevac range - comprising the Rocket, EZ-2, Mivac and HT series - features technology designed to make the equipment more robust and easier for operators to use.. This technology is claimed to provide excellent results in a short amount of time.. The companys accessories include the Samplegenie and the Speed Trap, as well as the Dri-Pure, the Cool Heat and the Sampleguard.. ...
bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine. The present study evaluated the release of cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1, tumour necrosis factor and IL-6] and chemokines [macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α and MIP-1β] by THP-1 derived macrophages infected with BCG vaccine obtained by growing mycobacteria in Viscondessa de Moraes Institute medium medium (oral) or Sauton medium (intradermic) to compare the effects of live and heat-killed (HK) mycobacteria. Because BCG has been reported to lose viability during the lyophilisation process and during storage, we examined whether exposing BCG to different temperatures also triggers differences in the expression of some important cytokines and chemokines of the immune response. Interestingly, we observed that HK mycobacteria stimulated cytokine and chemokine production in a different pattern from that observed with live mycobacteria ...
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of process shear stressors on the stability of a model monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab. Trastuzumab, at concentrations of 0.4-4.0 mg/mL, was subjected to sonication, freeze-thaw, lyophilisation, spray drying and was encapsulated into micro- and nanoparticles. The stressed samples were analysed for structural integrity by gel electrophoresis, SDS-PAGE, and size exclusion chromatography (SEC), while the conformational integrity was analysed by circular dichroism (CD). Biological activity of the stressed trastuzumab was investigated by measuring the inhibition of cell proliferation of HER-2 expressing cell lines. Results show that trastuzumab was resistant to the process shear stresses applied and to microencapsulation processes. At the lowest concentration of 0.4 mg/mL, a low percent ( 0.05). The results of this study conclude that trastuzumab may be resistant to various processing stresses. These findings have important implications with
Scientific expertise:. Molecular biology ; genomics ; In vitro diagnostic ; marker identification ; genetics ; crop improvement ; plant-microbe interactions ; phytopathology ; Tilling platform creation and management ; primer/probe design ; microorganisms detection test set-up.. - Technical knowledge:. PCR, qPCR and RT-qPCR, isothermal amplification, DNA and RNA extraction, Cloning, sequencing, AFLP, Southern, northern, microbiology, plant cell lines culture, plant transformation (Agrobacterium, biolistic), microscopy, directed mutagenesis, transgenesis (tobacco, poplar, Arabidopsis), DNA micro-arrays, double-hybrid, proteomics (extraction, in vitro-ubiquitination, phosphorylation, western, immuno-precipitation), Tilling, genotyping, bioinformatical sequences analysis, bioinformatical tools (VNTI, ApE, CLUSTALW), lyophilisation.. - Project management: Scientific and technological monitoring ; feasibility studies ; project design and writing ; cost determination ; risk analysis; planning; ...
FreeZone Freeze Dryers are freeze drying machines designed to handle the lyophilization needs of research and pilot plant laboratories. We offer lyophilizers in a wide range of sizes to suit all...
FreeZone Freeze Dryers are freeze drying machines designed to handle the lyophilization needs of research and pilot plant laboratories. We offer lyophilizers in a wide range of sizes to suit all...
ORBIT® gum unveiled its first intense mint flavor, ORBIT Freeze Mint. Expanding upon the brands mint offerings, ORBIT Freeze Mint gum is packed with intense arctic freshness and an icy-cool flavor, leaving mouths feeling clean. The launch of ORBIT Freeze Mint marks the brands newest product innovation since introducing ORBIT White in 2016. ORBIT Freeze Mint is now available exclusively at Walgreens in 1.10-ounce. Singles Pack for one month. The gum will roll out to additional retailers nationwide in the coming months in Singles pack . . .
Page 1 of 4 - nv4_disp & freeze in-game - posted in Games: When ever I am playing counter strike, after a short period of playing, it will freeze up... now either when it freezes up, I will get the BSOD telling me about this nv4_disp If I dont get the BSOD it will unfreeze and then just continue on with the game(then freeze up again after a short period of playing)Im not sure what this is.Ive tried updating which gave me ALOT of problems.I cant even begin to list what the pro...
Patient information for FLUDARAVIS 50 MG LYOPHILISATE FOR SOLUTION FOR INJECTION OR INFUSION Including dosage instructions and possible side effects.
This NeoRecormon presentation contains white lyophilisate and solvent. After dissolving, NeoRecormon is injected under the skin (subcutaneously) or into a v
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Antibodies: A Laboratory Manual, has been revised, extended, and updated by Edward Greenfield of the Dana-Farber Cancer Center, with contributions from other leaders in the field. This second edition of the manual is an essential resource for molecular biology, immunology, and cell culture labs on all matters relating to antibodies.
زمینه و هدف: در کتب سنتی استفاده از موسیلاژ به دانه در تسکین سرفه و رفع علائم آسم توصیه شده است. هدف از این مطالعه دستیابی به یک روش خشک کنی مناسب جهت ارتقاء پایداری و نیز بررسی خواص فیزیکو شیمایی موسیلاژ به دانه با مقایسه دو روش خشک کنی سرد (Lyophilization) و گرم (oven) می باشد. روش بررسی: برای استخراج موسیلاژ از آب و الکل 95 درصد استفاده گردید. با روش سرد یخ زدن در °C 30- و خشک کردن تحت خلا mTor 50 و دمای °C 50- و در روش گرم دما در °C 1±50 تنظیم گردید. پودرهای خشک شده با روش سرد و گرم، از نظر باردهی روش استخراج و خشک کنی، غربال گری مواد شیمیایی، تجزیه FT-IR، ترکیب عنصری و خواص فیزیکو
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If you havent experienced a freeze yet this fall, you soon will. And remember, a freeze can cause hazards for using some forages. When plants freeze, changes occur in their metabolism and composition that can poison livestock. But you can prevent problems.
Free Uninstall Deep Freeze sofware download and review at SoftList.Net, Free downloads of Uninstall Deep Freeze freeware and shareware programs.
Ok, this may be a stupid question, but I have never had to do it before going gluten-free. We just got a deep freeze, and I want to freeze some prepared meals, cookies, brownies, etc. My family loves Cheesburger Pie (crustless quiche type meal). It uses eggs. So, my question is, do I freeze it be...
An Experimental Study on the Freeze Drying Process for Poly γ Glutamic Acid - Vacuum freeze drying;Biomaterial;Poly ${\gamma}$ glutamic acid;Glass transient temperature;
iGrain - Temperature Monitoring System by Eye-Grain Aps. This series of hardware products are all the building blocks required to make a comple SILO MONITORING SYSTEM. It includes the Temperature Sensor Cables, the communication boxes, etc. It also i...
DustCap® Freeze Control is designed to lower the freezing temperature of the ground on haulage and access roads, making for safer work conditions during winter weather. Used early enough, DustCap® Freeze Control not only prevents surfaces from freezing but also helps the ground thaw, offering added protection against the perils of cold winter temperatures. In winter and summer, alike, DustCap® significantly reduces the threat of harmful air particles and impaired sight. ...
Our premium freeze dried dog food range uses only the highest quality ingredients giving your dog the locked-in natural goodness of fresh pure ingredients with the combined benefit of an intense flavour boost. Our innovative freeze drying process removes only water so all other nutrients remain in the food, including the taste. Please note that we are currently in a transition period between new packaging for this product (pictured) and old packaging. The formulas for K9 Natural diets have been updated marginally to meet the new AAFCO requirements which come into effect in 2018. You may receive either new or old packaging and formula while we are in this transition period.
DATE: June 12, 2019TIME: 9:00am PDTDoes your work require you to freeze dry samples? Are your results inconsistent? Is your freeze dry cycle taking too long? Learn how to optimize you
Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve for only $9.98. Find out more about Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve and check out opinions from other buyers. Discounts, deals, special offers for Vitamins & Supplements on ShopMania.
Browser freezes and I cant clean viruses from xp - posted in Windows XP, 2000, 2003, NT: My browser freezes whenever I visit microsofts websites and try updating to xp sp 2 here is a copy of my HijackThis logfile if somebody will help me please.Logfile of HijackThis v1.99.1Scan saved at 8:21:36 AM, on 8/31/2005Platform: Windows XP (WinNT 5.01.2600)MSIE: Internet Explorer v6.00 (6.00.2600.0000)Running processes:C:\WINDOWS\System32\smss.exeC:\WINDOWS\system32...
February Freeze has become a key destination for the worlds top industry manufacturers to showcase their newest screen-based technologies and advancements, says Comweb Group Chairman/CEO, Paul Bronfman. From students and emerging content creators to seasoned pros, The Freeze offers something for everyone. Now in its 15th year, this widely-anticipated pre-NAB exhibit, known for bringing together production professionals with the very latest innovations and technologies, will return to Torontos newest and largest world-class production support complex, William F. White Centre, on February 9th 2016 ...
PureBites Freeze Dried Trail Mix Dog Treats - PureBites Freeze Dried Trail Mix Treats For Dogs are made with only 3 ingredients: 100% pure beef l
Ishi Tib w/ Freeze Frame Kenner Action Figure Star Wars: The Power of the Force 2 3 3/4 Basic Action Figures Ishi Tib w/ Freeze Frame
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Freeze Spell. In Clash of Clans, because the Freeze Spell has a radius of 3.5 tiles, you can freeze all defensive buildings 7 tiles in a row. This is extremely important and you should keep this in your mind all the time. I have seen couples of raids when attackers could freeze both Inferno Tower but they just didnt.. Jump Spell. Like Freeze Spell, Jump Spell has a radius of 3.5 tiles. Keep this in your mind and you can jump into multiple layouts at a time, as long as they are max 5 tiles in between (or 7 tiles in total). As you can see in the screenshot below, you can easily bypass the center compartment by dropping the Jump Spell at the very center of it.. ...
Used in adults and children as an immunostimulant and biostimulator in the complex therapy of diseases accompanied by a decrease in cellular immunity, including acute and chronic purulent processes and inflammatory diseases, in case of burn disease, trophic ulcers, etc., as well as in suppression of immunity and hematopoietic functions after radiation or chemotherapy in cancer patients and other pathological processes ...
Press Release issued Jul 7, 2014: Advantages over conventional dryer equipments such as higher protection parameters of physical state, greater aroma preservation and better preservation of chemical properties are expected to enhance the demand for freeze drying equipment in their various application segments.
Liquids do not all freeze at the same rate. While the freezing point for water is 32 degrees Fahrenheit, many other liquids have higher or lower freezing...
In this Short Note, we highlight the Freeze Drying (lyophilization) and subsequent fat extraction of food samples. The SpeedExtractor E-914 / E-916 can be used only for solid or semi-solid samples. Residual moisture needs to be removed by mixing the sample with a drying agent such as diatomaceous earth. This can be omitted by using Freeze Drying: the drying is initiated mainly by direct sublimation of ice at low temperatures. In this study, chicken breast meat, hens egg and basa fish meat were chosen as examples. The freeze dried samples were extracted using the SpeedExtractor E-914 and the obtained fat contents were compared to established literature values ...
The awareness regarding use of probiotics for health benefits has created a huge market worldwide. The use of probiotic cultures and its success in commercial scale is relying on the techniques employed to ensure that the potential cultures with desired functional activity are stable and viable for longer period. The present study was undertaken to statistically evaluate the effect of lyoprotectant in the suspension media containing sucrose and reconstituted skim milk on the viability of Lactobacillus acidophilus strains. The central composite rotatable design of response surface methodology was used in evaluating the survival rate and viability even after 24 months storage of three different lyophilized strains of L. acidophilus. We also determined the exclusive use of lyoprotectant on the survival of the lyophilized strains throughout the study period without altering any of the culture conditions. The most conspicuous result to emerge from the data is that the suspension medium composed of minimal
Product Description. 2 m2 freeze drying machine vacuum freeze dryer. 1.Description. Laboratory freeze dryer (Lab freeze dryer), in the field of bio technology laboratory.The freeze dry technology is mainly used in the production of serum, plasma, vaccines, antibiotics, enLDmes, hormones and other drugs; biochemical pharmaceutical inspection, Immunology and bacteriology inspection; blood, bacteria, artery, bone, skin, cornea, neural tissue and organ preservation.. We have 5 types dryer for series of ZG-10 , LD-1,LD-2,LD-3 LD: Ordinary type, Top press type, Mainfold common type, Mainfold top press type, T- frame type.. 2.Characteristic. aThe laboratory freeze dryer machine adopts Fully enclosed compressor refrigeration, low temperature,Strong ability to capture water.. b.Using air cooling heat, no water cooling, flexibility is strong.. c.Vacuum connection adopts international standard parts, disassembly and installation is simple and convenient, and the sealing performance is reliable.. d.Cold ...
0020] The prepared aqueous suspension can be dried using several methods well known in the art. Spray drying, spray coating and freeze-drying are among the most common methods. The examples cited in Table 1 all use freeze drying as the drying method but this is not intended to be in any way limiting. The preferred method of freeze-drying is by lyophilization involving the sublimation of the frozen water from the aqueous suspension medium under reduced pressure. Lyophilization of this suspension may be performed in suitable containers such as glass vials, open trays, unit dosage form molds or in-situ spraying onto a supporting matrix. By way of example of the lyophilization process, the prepared suspension of microparticles containing matrix forming agents is distributed into stainless steel trays which are placed onto pre-equilibrated shelves held at a temperature of 5° C. within a pressure rated, sealed chamber. The prepared suspension is then subjected to decreasing temperature at a rate of 5 ...
We both ordered a little ice cream and my husband, a strawberry slush. And about three seconds into his first big slurp, he slapped his hand against his head and called brain freeze!. It was kind of cute, but its also the pits when it happens to you. But have you ever wondered what causes that? Is it from simply sucking too fast? Is it strictly relevant to the temperature of the beverage or dessert? Or does it have more to do with personal sensitivities?. I dont get brain freezes, only what I call throat freezes. And I also dont get headaches. But my husband on the other hand? Brain freezes and migraines. Is there a connection between the two? Thats what researchers are trying to find out.. According to an article in CNN, a group of researchers presented a study theyd conducted on the topic of the dreaded brain freeze at the Experimental Biology conference in San Diego this week.. What researchers were hoping to determine was what exactly causes a brain freeze. They were then hoping to ...
Freeze drying also known as Lyophilisation, is considered as the high-end process of dehydration. The fruit is placed in a refrigerated vacuum system. By lowering the temperature as low as 109°F in the tunnel, a sublimation reaction happens where up to 98% of the water evaporates. The process is slow and depending on the products takes between 12 and 30 hours. The freeze-dried fruit retains perfectly the color, aromatic flavor and nutritional values better than any other drying process.. Request sample ...
To improve the conventional BCG vaccine in cake appearance and integrity, a new formulation with corresponding freeze drying cycle was developed for a recombinant BCG vaccine. The new formulation contains mannitol as a bulking agent, and trehalose, sucrose and sodium glutamate as stabilizers. The formulation and freeze drying cycle were tested with different super cooling rates and secondary drying temperatures, with or without an annealing process. Thermodynamic behavior was characterized using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Varying the secondary drying temperature and presence/absence of an annealing step caused marked differences in cake thermodynamic profiles irrespective of different cooling rates. The annealing process allowed efficient crystallization of the mannitol. Failure to crystallize the bulking agent had the potential to depress the Tg′ and compromise storage stability in the final lyophile by crystallizing from the solid during storage, even when the secondary drying ...
The early extraction is important, since the active ingredient is at the peak then.. • Only released after control of possible residues (e.g. antibiotics). • Freed from all undesired components (fat, large-molecule proteins, germs and others) by means of newly-developed gentle and biophysical processes. • After degreasing, it is de-caseinated. This way, a clearing of the liquid and a high active ingredient in the final product is secured. The ingredients are found in free form. That is a huge advantage since the gut absorbs the ingredients directly without the stomach having to digest it. The consequence: a clearly quicker perception of the desired effect.*. • During the entire production, chemical substances and preservatives are dispensed with so that the colostral agents remain bioactive. • Preservation according to pharmaceutical standards by cold sterile filtration. It is thus free of all kinds of germs.. • Turned into powder by a gentle lyophilisation process. The ...
The early extraction is important, since the active ingredient is at the peak then.. • Only released after control of possible residues (e.g. antibiotics). • Freed from all undesired components (fat, large-molecule proteins, germs and others) by means of newly-developed gentle and biophysical processes. • After degreasing, it is de-caseinated. This way, a clearing of the liquid and a high active ingredient in the final product is secured. The ingredients are found in free form. That is a huge advantage since the gut absorbs the ingredients directly without the stomach having to digest it. The consequence: a clearly quicker perception of the desired effect.*. • During the entire production, chemical substances and preservatives are dispensed with so that the colostral agents remain bioactive. • Preservation according to pharmaceutical standards by cold sterile filtration. It is thus free of all kinds of germs.. • Turned into powder by a gentle lyophilisation process. The ...
Biofortuna is expanding its IVD service portfolio to provide a greater focus on immunoassay design, development and manufacture. The company has made a significant investment in its production capabilities to include plate coating, washing, drying and quality control, creating an exceptional manufacturing suite for immunoassay kits.. Biofortuna already has extensive experience in immunoassay development, and this expansion has been driven by the success of current customer projects and increasing demand from the market. These enhanced manufacturing capabilities will further strengthen the companys existing immunoassay service and offer more flexibility to clients.. This focus on immunoassay products will complement Biofortunas highly successful molecular IVD services, which include ISO 13485 accredited and FDA registered contract research, lyophilisation, air-drying, manufacturing, dispensing and kitting of diagnostic products.. Dr Simon Douglas, Biofortuna CEO, commented: The success and ...
Biomimetic internal architecture is proving valuable for multi-tissue and structural tissue interface engineering. A biomimetic method developed for the in situ synthesis of hydroxyapatite in poly (vinyl) alcohol, produces nanocomposites in the form of fabric-like sheets, when subjected to lyophilisation. The surface reactive hydroxyl groups of poly (vinyl) alcohol encourage site-specific coupling of hydroxyapatite. This results in improved mechanical properties, which may be better for biomedical applications when compared to a mere blend of the above two. ...
Delegates being given a practical demonstraion of freeze-drying microscopy. With the conservation of marine life becoming more important as the degree of human impact on the oceans is becoming further apparent, scientists from all over the globe are working on educating the world on protecting the ocean and its inhabitants.. In February, delegates from as far afield as Korea converged at the Scottish Marine Institute for the Conservation of marine micro-organisms training course held under the auspices of the Scottish Association for Marine Sciences and the Association of European Marine Biological Laboratories (ASSEMBLE).. Organised by Dr. John Day (who runs the Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa), the course was run over 2 days and included lectures on marine microbiology conservation and cryopreservation. One lecture in particular, on lyophilisation theory, given by Dr Paul Matejtschuk (NIBSC-Health Protection Agency) was supplemented by a practical demonstration of freeze-drying ...
Background New sequencing technologies possess opened up the true method towards the discovery as well as the characterization of pathogenic infections in scientific samples. in 1337532-29-2 supplier all full cases, our pre-processed technique improved genome set up, just its combination by using SPAdes allowed us to get the full-length from the viral genomes examined in a single contig. Conclusions The suggested pipeline can overcome drawbacks because of the era of chimeric reads through the amplification of viral RNA which significantly boosts the assembling of full-length viral genomes. Electronic supplementary materials The online edition of this content (doi:10.1186/s40659-016-0099-y) contains supplementary materials, which is open to certified users. and in 1983 from sp, a types owned by rodents (Gerbilinae), respectively, had been amplified by serial passing in the mind of new-born mice. After many passages, the brains were centrifuged and homogenized before a lyophilisation of every ...
Background New sequencing technologies possess opened up the true method towards the discovery as well as the characterization of pathogenic infections in scientific samples. in 1337532-29-2 supplier all full cases, our pre-processed technique improved genome set up, just its combination by using SPAdes allowed us to get the full-length from the viral genomes examined in a single contig. Conclusions The suggested pipeline can overcome drawbacks because of the era of chimeric reads through the amplification of viral RNA which significantly boosts the assembling of full-length viral genomes. Electronic supplementary materials The online edition of this content (doi:10.1186/s40659-016-0099-y) contains supplementary materials, which is open to certified users. and in 1983 from sp, a types owned by rodents (Gerbilinae), respectively, had been amplified by serial passing in the mind of new-born mice. After many passages, the brains were centrifuged and homogenized before a lyophilisation of every ...
Detailed introduction: Pure natural longan honey, add a spoonful of peace of mind to the daily taste~ Instructions: Drinks - Dilute honey with cold water for about 1:10. Add a variety of teas and juices to add flavor. Do not add too much honey to the honey, not too sweet, so that it is not too sweet. Other simple dishes - fruit, salad, bread sauce / cooking pickles / baked goods…etc. Storage method: Please put it in a cool and ventilated place in the room, close the bottle mouth, avoid high temperature and high heat to avoid deterioration of honey. Shelf life: two years at room temperature Precautions: ...
Factors Affecting Freeze Damage to Fruit Trees. Many of us mistakenly assume that as long as temperatures remain above 32 degrees Fahrenheit that fruits and vegetables are safe from freeze damage. Although 32 degrees is the temperature at which water freezes, when it comes to freeze damage to fruit trees that magic ...
Freeze Dried Peas found in: Freeze Dried Organic Peas, Freeze Dried Peas, Freeze Dried Green Beans, Quick Cook Black Beans, Quick Cook Red Beans,..
Bovilis IBR marker live, lyophilisate and solvent for cattle. For the active immunisation of cattle to reduce the intensity and duration of the clinical respiratory signs induced by an infection with BHV-1 and to reduce nasal excretion of field virus.
Hasma is sold dried as irregular flat pieces and flakes ranging from 1-2 cm in length and 1-5 mm in thickness. Individual pieces are yellowish-white in colour with a matte lustre, whose surface may be covered with off-white pellicles. When rehydrated, dried hasma can expand up to 10-15 times in size.. The dried hasma is rehydrated and double-boiled with rock sugar to create a glutinous texture and opaque color. Dried or rehydrated hasma has a slight fishy smell. In its unflavoured form it is sweet and slightly savory in taste with a texture that is glutinous, chewy, and light, very similar to that of tapioca in a dessert.. ...
The present invention relates to a process for preparing submicron sized nanoparticles of a poorly water soluble compound by lyophilizing a dispersion or microdispersion of a multiphase system having an organic phase and an aqueous phase, the organic phase having the poorly water soluble organic compound therein. The method is preferably used to prepare nanoparticles of a poorly water soluble, pharmaceutically active compound suitable for in vivo delivery, particularly by parenteral routes.
United States Patent 3,514,518 PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF GELATINOUS MATERIAL FROM ANIMAL COLLAGEN Pierre Charier-Vadrot, 1 Rte. de Lagnes, Cavaillon, Vaucluse, France No Drawing. Filed Dec. 19, 1967, Ser. No. 691,726 Int. Cl. A233 1/10; C08g 1/06; C09h 3/00 U.S. Cl. 424-360 10 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Gelatin and equivalent gelationous products that are cold water soluble and heat resistant are prepared from a source material, such as animal collagen or marine or vegetable colloids, by subjecting the source material, either directly or following a pretreatment, to low temperature freezing followed by lyophilization. The lyophilization may be performed by radiant heating of the product to about 100 C. Y BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION It is well known to prepare gelatin or similar material from animal collagen or from marine or vegetive colloids, e.g., see French Pat. 1,278,490 which concerns preparation of collagen from hides or ossein. According to this process, hides are covered with ...
Freshwater freezes faster that saltwater, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Freshwater freezes at 32 F, while saltwater freezes at a slightly lower temperature, 28.4...
Take the hassle out of feeding raw with Northwest Naturals Freeze Dried Raw Diet Dog Food. Freeze dried offers a convenient, easy way to supplement raw into your dogs diet. Northwest Naturals Freeze Dried Raw Diet Dog Food features the same recipes as their raw frozen diets just without the need to be frozen! Perfect
Animal tissue ChIP - to freeze or not to freeze? - posted in ChIP and Next Generation Sequencing: I am newish to ChIP but an old hat to IP and PCR etc. I am going to look at a transgenic mouse that seems to have developed a compensatory mechanism for the gene that has been modified thus I will use ChIP to see which transcription factor is now binding to my gene(s) of interest. My question is: Can I snap-fresh my tissue during the tissue harvesting procedure, transfer to -80˚C freezer...
Free Shipping Over $99. Shop our wide assortment of freeze dried food. We have freeze dried & dehydrated breakfast, entrees & desserts that taste amazing while out on your next outdoor adventure.
Free Shipping Over $99. Shop our wide assortment of freeze dried food. We have freeze dried & dehydrated breakfast, entrees & desserts that taste amazing while out on your next outdoor adventure.
"Oregon Freeze Dry: General information". Oregon Freeze Dry. Archived from the original on 2010-06-22. "Albany welcomes EnerG2 ... Oregon Freeze Dry is a leading employer in the manufacturing sector of the Albany economy with its headquarters located in the ... former distribution center of Oregon Freeze Dry by 2011 bringing a new green technology industry to Albany. Albany is also home ... Albany has generally warm and dry summers during which precipitation drops to 0.4 inches (10 mm) in July and temperatures peak ...
Accelerated Freeze Drying Company(AFDC). Amalgam Nutrients and Feeds Ltd. Innovative Foods Ltd. Snowman Frozen Foods Ltd. The ...
The ratio of weight before and after drying depends strongly on the particular food item but a typical freeze-dried weight is ... Freeze drying[edit]. In planning for the long-duration Apollo missions, NASA conducted extensive research into space food. One ... Well-known products that NASA claims as spinoffs include memory foam (originally named temper foam), freeze-dried food, ... The final product retains 98%[citation needed] of its nutrition and weighs much less than before drying. ...
Setting mode : drying, cooling, freezing… Capacity. Preferred batch or continuous system. Comparison batch vs. Continuous. The ... Therefore, a coating process is completed by a stabilizing process, either by freezing, cooling, heating or drying. The ... Food coating is not a "hard" science such as drying or cooling, which can be described by equations and are predictable. Food ... Multiple stages also can be used; breaded meats, for example, may have a dry application (predust) followed by a wet batter dip ...
Freeze dried flowers are fresh flowers that have been specially dried to preserve their natural shape and color. Freeze drying ... it was not until the late 80's the freeze-drying industry discovered the allurement and longevity of freeze-dried flowers. ... It requires a special freeze-drying machine. It involves first freezing the flowers at 100K for at least 12 hours. A vacuum ... It has been found that certain flowers retain their color well despite the fact they have been freeze-dried. Apparently, such ...
"Shallots, Freeze Dried". McCormick & Co. Inc. 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2013. The dictionary definition of shallot at ... Fresh shallots can be stored in cool, dry area (0 to 4 °C, 32 to 40 °F, 60 to 70% RH) for six months or longer. Chopped, dried ...
"Freeze-Dried Foods". "Freeze-Dried Treats". Champion Petfoods Orijen Canada Orijen UK Acana Orijen RO. ... Kitten 6 Fish Cat Regional Red Cat They also make three varieties of Freeze-Dried Foods and thirteen varieties of Freeze-Dried ... seven dog and three cat dry food formulas. Puppy Puppy Large Adult Dog 6 Fish Dog Regional Red Dog Tundra Senior Dog Cat & ...
"Principles of Cryopreservation". Cryopreservation and Freeze-Drying Protocols, Second Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology. ... which are often frozen in a mixture of 10% DMSO, a freezing medium, and 30% fetal bovine serum. In the cryogenic freezing of ... Approximately 10% may be used with a slow-freeze method, and the cells may be frozen at −80 °C (−112 °F) or stored in liquid ... Without it, up to 90% of frozen cells will become inactive. It is particularly important in the freezing and long-term storage ...
Freeze-drying or dehydration has little effect. Some, such as the California Poison Control System, have claimed that tomatoes ...
Freeze drying is still very popular today. One of the biggest benefits for freeze drying is that it takes out all of the water ... A very common and well known Freeze dried item was the potato or when it was frozen, Chuño. All food grown or killed by the ... These all had potential to be freeze dried. Both meats and vegetables went through a similar freezing process. They would start ... The process of Freeze Drying was important for transportation and storage. In the high elevation of the Andes Montanan's the ...
Food portal Freeze-drying Food preservation List of dried foods Timothy Johns: With bitter Herbs They Shall Eat it : Chemical ... Starting from this basic freeze-dry process, two varieties are obtained: White chuño is obtained by washing the frozen potatoes ... The previous freeze-drying breaks down cell walls, making it easier to remove water from the potatoes. They build a small pile ... This process results in natural freeze-drying. By the end of this process, usually around May, the potatoes are taken to ...
... freeze-drying of specimens with labile coloration; and wet preservation of several types. Research into improved methods of ... The best-known format for insect collection is dry mounting and labelling on pins, and for many types of specimen this is ... Other means of mounting include: various kinds of slides for microscopes and projectors; inflation of caterpillars for drying; ... a strip of suitable material such as dried plant pith or plastic foam supported in a horizontal position on the main ...
Tundra: "Freeze-Dried Comics". 2004. Tundra & Associates. Tundra: Nature's Finest Comic Strip. 2003. Tundra & Associates. ...
Re-hydrating freeze dried yeast cultures[edit]. Preparing a yeast starter culture and gradually cooling the culture down to the ... Pure culture yeasts that are grown in a lab are often freeze dried and packaged for commercial use. Prior to their addition ... The exact amount of freeze-dried culture varies by manufacturer and strain of yeast but it is often around 1 gram per gallon ( ... Cultured yeasts that are freeze-dried and available for inoculation of wine must are deliberately grown in commercial labs in ...
Biostasis Cryptobiosis Freeze drying Cryoprotectant Higashiyama, Takanobu (2002). "Novel functions and applications of ... Trehalose is an ingredient, along with hyaluronic acid, in an artificial tears product used to treat dry eye. Trehalose is a ... may be cracked and dried out, but will turn green again and revive after rain because of the function of trehalose. The two ... patient satisfaction in the treatment of dry dye syndrome". Ther Clin Risk Manag. 11: 595-603. doi:10.2147/TCRM.S77091. PMC ...
These include blending, cleaning, extrusion, freezing, drying, etc. A specific ingredient can be called "natural" if it didn't ...
Canned food Convenience food Dehydrated food Dried fruit List of dried foods Frozen food Index of military food articles ... Some instant foods are prepared using freeze-drying. Instant baby food - dehydrated baby food was produced by Gerber and Heinz ... can be prepared cold or hot Nesquik Ovaltine Instant coffee Drink mix Freeze-dried fruit juices Powdered milk - in a 1986 ... an instant rice brand Instant soup Cup-a-Soup Portable soup Dried sauce mixes - a mass-produced range of products Knorr is a ...
Larson, Elizabeth (2008-06-16). "Dry weather, spring freeze cost local farmers millions". Retrieved 2008-07-07. Zito, Kelly; Yi ... Dry thunderstorms and lightning, rarely seen on the California coastline in June, rolled onshore on the weekend of June 20-21. ... In most areas of Northern California, the grasses and brush were as dry in June as they normally would be in October. Moisture ... The majority of the fires were started by lightning from dry thunderstorms on June 20, although some earlier fires ignited ...
Freeze-drying is an accepted method of preserving bog bodies in museum collections. Some notable bog body discoveries include ... Omar, S.; McCord, M.; Daniels, V. (1989). "The Conservation of Bog Bodies by Freeze-Drying". Studies in Conservation. 34, No. 3 ... Generally speaking, human remains are best preserved in cool, dark, dry conditions while wrapped in acid-free (non-buffered) ... controlled drying, which reduces the relative humidity in order to stop growth of microorganisms; and ultra-violet irradiation ...
Freeze-drying (lyophilization) cycle development and optimization for pharmaceuticals. Flow diagnostics in hypersonic/re-entry ...
"Freeze-drying the dead could help save the planet". Nicholas Tufnell, wired.co.uk. 2013-10-14. "22 tons of metal buried". Anna ... thereafter freeze-drying and metal separation. It all takes place in a closed, fully automatized equipment, named Promator. The ... "Swedes offer freeze-dry burials". BBC News. 2004-02-09. Retrieved 2011-06-30. "Neue Zürcher Zeitung". Folio 6/2014 pp. 30-34 & ... Promessa Organic AB also developed an improved "clean cremation", where the dry and metal free remains that exit the Promator ...
An experimental freeze-drying plant was built and tried. Then a factory was set up in Singapore to process Chinese egg. As war ... The process of drying eggs so as to make powdered eggs oxidizes the cholesterol, which has been shown to be helpful at reducing ... They are made using spray drying in the same way that powdered milk is made. The major advantages of powdered eggs over fresh ... Powdered eggs are also known as dried eggs, and colloquially during the period of rationing in the UK, as Ersatz eggs. The ...
Then at Lipton, he was involved in freeze drying. In the 1960s, Decareau moved to Palo Alto, California to work with Litton ...
Green, Penelope (January 11, 2012). "Warm Hearts and Freeze-Dried Pets". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2013. ""Ragin ...
Freeze Dry Seal (2005 Demo) 25. Nylon (2009 Demo) "BLABBERMOUTH.NET - STONE SOUR: 'Audio Secrecy' Demo Recordings Available To ...
In essence, they were freeze dried. The mummies in the first grave included 6 women stacked on top of each other with a boy on ...
doi:10.1111/j.1438-8677.1961.tb00046.x. Boyd, IAN; Bullock, Kenneth (1966). "Freeze-dried preparations of Penicillium ...
Enlarged facilities for plasma fractionation and freeze-drying were established. During the 1970's and 1980's it became ... Kekiwick established the Blood Filtration Unit and he and his team worked on methods of freeze-drying plasma and then of ...
Food preservation methods are mostly drying and less often frozen. Dried fish is usually eaten with seal oil. The ulu or fan- ... before freezing and served frozen. Kumlaciq (in Yup'ik, kumlacir in Cup'ig) is frozen meat (of frozen fish, blackfish, and ... Once dried, the birds commonly were eaten without any other preparation. As with many dried foods, seal oil a frequent to dried ... The half-dried salmon (egamaarrluk) which was cooked after being partially dried. Egamaarruk is split and half dried fish. ...
Better Homes and Gardens Complete Canning Guide: Freezing, Preserving, Drying. Better Homes and Gardens Cooking Series. ...
Blood products such as packed red blood cells, platelets, or fresh frozen plasma may also be used.[135] Other regulators of ... The virus is able to survive on objects for a few hours in a dried state, and can survive for a few days within body fluids ...
Apart from these glands, their skin is dry, and that is an adaptation to drier habitats. These features have evolved a number ... Arctic frogs such as the wood frog, moor frog and the common frog has to live with freezing temperatures for a long time. They ... They could also use their strong fins to hoist themselves out of the water and onto dry land if necessary.[1][2] ... In drier conditions, they were less effective, and the ancestors of mammals and reptiles (the Synapsids and Sauropsids) ...
The northern seas were frozen. During the late Upper Paleolithic (Latest Pleistocene) c. 18,000 BP, the Beringia land bridge ... Climates during the Pliocene became cooler and drier, and seasonal, similar to modern climates. Ice sheets grew on Antarctica. ... Some scientists have hypothesized that hominins began cooking food to defrost frozen meat, which would help ensure their ... and the beginning of the Holocene may have made it easier for humans to reach mammoth habitats that were previously frozen and ...
Spontaneous epistaxis is more common in the elderly as the nasal mucosa (lining) becomes dry and thin and blood pressure tends ... It is also often painful even when freezing is used.[11] ... Nasal cannula O2 (tending to dry the nasal mucosa). *Nasal ...
Dry. *Dual flush. *Electronic toilet. *Flush. *Freezing. *Head (boat). *Hudo (Scouting). *Incinerating ...
Freeze distillation concentrates ethanol along with methanol and fusel alcohols (fermentation by-products partially removed by ... Because apéritifs are served before dining, they are usually dry rather than sweet. One example is Cinzano, a brand of vermouth ... Wine tannins add bitterness, have a drying sensation, taste herbaceous and are often described as astringent. Wine tannins adds ... Fortified wine, liqueurs, and dry champagne are common apéritifs. ...
Baltasar really wanted the actor to feel like he was frozen. You really see and feel that."[19] The film was shot with Arri ... Blow Dry (2001). *This Is Not a Love Song (2002). *Yasmin (2004) ... but the cylinder aperture is frozen shut. They huddle together ... English actor Clive Standen has said that filming on location in freezing temperatures has been "tough but fun".[26] On 24 ... In the morning, Rob radios Helen that Doug and Andy are gone, and that his extremities are frozen. Helen calls Jan, hoping that ...
On this basis, one needle produced food for about 0.19 mg dry weight of apical growth, 3 mm3 wood, one-quarter of a new needle ... Many of them seasonally alter their biochemistry to make them more resistant to freezing. While tropical rainforests have more ... Ammonium nitrogen produced significantly heavier (dry weight) seedlings with higher nitrogen content after 5 weeks (McFee and ... and can be closed when it is very dry or cold. The leaves are often dark green in colour, which may help absorb a maximum of ...
Further information: Dry animal dung fuel. Dry animal dung is burned and used as a fuel source in many countries around the ... To extract and analyze the information contained within, researchers generally have to freeze the feces and grind it up into ... "Dried Camel Dung as fuel".. *^ "Panda Poop Might Help Turn Plants Into Fuel". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2013-09-10. ... It can also be burned and used as a fuel source or dried and used as a construction material. Some medicinal uses have been ...
Stocks can be frozen and kept indefinitely but are better fresh.. Stock versus broth[edit]. Fish broth can also used as the ...
It can also feed on a diverse range of dried foods and spices, as well as hair, leather, books, and museum specimens. It can ... Ideally, all open packages should be discarded in an infested home; however, it is also effective to freeze items if the entire ... This is from its preference of dried herbs and plant material sometimes used as drugs; e.g. drugstore beetles have been known ... Drugstore beetles often enter a home in bulk items like bird seed, grass seed, or dry pet food, where several generations of ...
Blood is then extracted; the serum is separated, purified and freeze-dried.[146] The cytotoxic effect of snake venom is being ... Reptilian skin is covered in a horny epidermis, making it watertight and enabling reptiles to live on dry land, in contrast to ... In the mid-Permian period, the climate became drier, resulting in a change of fauna: The pelycosaurs were replaced by the ... The eggshell (1) protects the crocodile embryo (11) and keeps it from drying out, but it is flexible to allow gas exchange. The ...
... frozen eggs, dried eggs, egg yolks, frozen yolks, dried yolks, alone or in any combination, with or without water. Optional ... "Dried Vs. Fresh Pasta". Real Simple. Retrieved 28 March 2012.. *^ a b Christensen, Emma. "Dry Pasta vs. Fresh Pasta: What's the ... Cooked pasta may be frozen for up to two or three months. Should the pasta be dried completely, it can be placed back in the ... Dried pastas are best served in hearty dishes like ragu sauces, soups, and casseroles.[37] Once it is cooked, the dried pasta ...
A cocktail of Arak and minced frozen khat, mixed with grapefruit juice, has become popular in the south of the country in ... When khat leaves dry, the more potent chemical, cathinone, decomposes within 48 hours, leaving behind the milder chemical, ... Additionally, in September 2014 the police had seized 24 bags of dried khat from a property in Easton, but no arrests were made ... Its fresh leaves and tops are chewed or, less frequently, dried and consumed as tea, to achieve a state of euphoria and ...
Dry. * Dual flush. * Dunny. * سیفون توالت. * Freezing. * Head (boat). * Hudo (Scouting). * Incinerating ...
Up to 20% of the dry weight of the endospore consists of calcium dipicolinate within the core, which is thought to stabilize ... They are resistant to ultraviolet radiation, desiccation, high temperature, extreme freezing and chemical disinfectants. Thermo ... Small acid-soluble proteins (SASPs) saturate the endospore's DNA and protect it from heat, drying, chemicals, and radiation. ... This chemical accounts for up to 10% of the spore's dry weight.[3] ...
Freezing temperatures, snow, ice and years of exposure had corroded the detonators. Vicious enemy counterattacks on 3 and 4 ... The 504th thus remained in England as "Dry Runs" came one after another. Missions were scheduled for France, Belgium, and the ...
The Somerset Levels were flooded, but the dry points such as Glastonbury and Brent Knoll are known to have been occupied by ... is the leading provider of frozen desserts to the UK foodservice industry. The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office is in Taunton ... At the end of the last Ice Age the Bristol Channel was dry land, but subsequently the sea level rose, resulting in major ...
Dry ginger, one of the most popular forms of ginger commercially exported, must undergo drying and preparation to reach the ... For longer-term storage, the ginger can be placed in a plastic bag and refrigerated or frozen. ... Powdered dry ginger root is typically used as a flavoring for recipes such as gingerbread, cookies, crackers and cakes, ginger ... "Nutrition facts for dried, ground ginger, serving size of one tablespoon, 5 grams (from pick list)". nutritiondata.self.com. ...
As the date is in early January and the waters are close to freezing, this is considered an honorable act and it is said that ... dried figs, nuts, cookies or other good things that they have at home.[136] ... Katia Moskvitch, Russia's trend for dipping children in frozen rivers. Retrieved January 5, 2015. ... led by the Czar and the Patriarch of Moscow would proceed to the frozen Moskva River. A small gazebo, called Iordan', would ...
"Instant tea", similar to freeze-dried instant coffee and an alternative to brewed tea, can be consumed either hot or cold. ... After picking, the leaves of C. sinensis soon begin to wilt and oxidize unless immediately dried. An enzymatic oxidation ... During the Yuan and Ming dynasties, unoxidized tea leaves were first pan-fried, then rolled and dried, a process that stops the ... Caffeine constitutes about 3% of tea's dry weight, translating to between 30 mg and 90 mg per 8-oz (250-ml) cup depending on ...
Freeze-dried parsley showing name in German, Spanish and Greek on the label ... Half a tablespoon (a gram) of dried parsley contains about 6.0 µg of lycopene and 10.7 µg of alpha carotene as well as 82.9 µg ...
Edible fungi (fresh, canned, dried or pickled).[note 1]. *Fruit (fresh, canned, frozen, pureed, candied or dried); derived ... Vegetables (fresh, canned, frozen, pureed, dried or pickled); derived products such as vegetable sauces like chili sauce and ... Indian sweets are mostly made from milk products and are thus lacto vegetarian; dry fruit-based sweets are vegan. ...
They live in dry areas but have more water available to them than Merriam's kangaroo rats. All kangaroo rat species are ... "move-freeze" mode may also make it less conspicuous to nocturnal predators.[7] ... Merriam's kangaroo rats live in hot and dry areas and so must conserve water.[9] They do this in part by lowering their ... dry burrows. In addition, maximizing time in their burrows minimizes their exposure to predators.[10] ...
It is likely that habitat degradation and drying conditions caused the extirpation of the species as all but a vagrant in Egypt ... Here, carcasses from slaughterhouses placed in areas free of human disturbance, usually fields, bogs, marshes or frozen lakes, ... the dried skeleton a sheep.[31] In tree nests, the average nest diameter is about 1.5 m (4.9 ft), with nests in trees tending ... or pile of heather or juniper stems with stipes of dried Laminaria, but also sticks up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) and several cm thick ...
IL 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride dissolves freeze dried banana pulp and with an additional 15% DMSO, lends itself to ... ILs can act as dispersing agents in paints to enhance finish, appearance and drying properties.[53] ILs are used for dispersing ... If a highly asymmetric cation is combined with a highly asymmetric anion, formed ionic liquid may not freeze down to very low ... Although nitrate salts have been the medium of choice since the early 1980s, they freeze at 220 °C (428 °F) and thus require ...
In 1965, flooding from Hurricane Betsy killed dozens of residents, although the majority of the city remained dry. The rain- ... and 8.0 nights with freezing lows annually. It is rare for the temperature to reach 20 or 100 °F (−7 or 38 °C), with the last ... The average precipitation is 62.5 inches (1,590 mm) annually; the summer months are the wettest, while October is the driest ...
Abandoned trees in valleys may suffer, yet survive, the dry summer of Central California's Inner Coast Ranges. At any age, ... A few hardy hybrids can withstand temperatures well below freezing, but do not produce quality fruit. Lemons can be ...
The last afternoon of over 80 °F (27 °C) can be expected on October 5, but the first morning freeze can be expected as early as ... The fall is usually sunny and dry, with increasingly variable temperatures. ... Over the year, 0 °F or −17.8 °C is reached on 17.8 mornings per year, and 47.9 afternoons do not top freezing. The spring ... Despite the fact that warm afternoons begin occasionally so early, 191.1 mornings each year fall to or below freezing, and even ...
It is easier to grow from seed in the UK, because the seed requires a cold period (freeze/thaw period). Seeds of the iris can ... Although, normally considered a wetland plant, it does well in dry soil, too. It is normally found at 1,500-2,500 m (4,900- ... It can adapt to various conditions, except heavy clay soils that dry out in summer. They dislike soils containing lime. It ... If not sown straight away, they should be frozen (to store them). In spring, the seedlings, should be 'pricked out' into ...
Freeze Dried Mysis Shrimp Other food, Welcome to our friendly aquarium forum. We are happy to talk fish, answer your questions ... freeze dried food meets the highest quality standards, providing a natural source of nutrition. The Top Fin freeze drying ... This treat is a healthy and convenient alternative to frozen and live foods. It is all natural high protein treat or supplement ...
Freeze Dried Blood Worms Nutri-Treat Other food, Welcome to our friendly aquarium forum. We are happy to talk fish, answer your ... This is an ok option for feeding bloodworms, but the frozen ones are much better accepted and make much less of a mess.. ...
Shop a large selection of Freeze Drying Flasks products and learn more about Labconco Lyph-Lock Freeze-Dry Flask Assembly with ... Labconco Lyph-Lock Freeze-Dry Flask Assembly with standard taper 19/38 Joints ... Labconco Lyph-Lock Freeze-Dry Flask Assembly with standard taper 19/38 Joints ... Adapters are required to attach flasks to freeze dry valve ports (sold separately). ...
Freeze Dry Glassware. Freeze dry glassware offered includes flasks, ampules, serum bottles and vials. ... CE Declaration of Conformity - Legacy and Discontinued FreeZone Freeze Dry Systems. For FreeZone Legacy and Discontinued Freeze ... Gails Story Changed the Way We Think About Lab Freeze Drying. When she visited Kelly at Labconco, Gails struggle led to an ... A variety of FreeZone Freeze Dryer accessories are available including Shell Freezers, Tray Dryers, Drying Chambers and Product ...
Buy Tetra Blood Worms Freeze Dried Food 0.28oz at PetGuys.com, where you find pet supplies at wholesale prices. Fast shipping ... Tetra Bloodworms Freeze Dried Food is a premium quality, nutritious supplement to Tetra flake foods. They have been specially ...
... raw liverFreshly freeze dried and diced into bite-sized treatsUseful training tool or reward for obedient dogsOnly one ... Stewart® Pro-Treat® Freeze Dried Treats. These American-made treats are 100% raw liver, with full flavor, smell and nutrients. ... Beef liver, chicken liver, turkey liver and pork liver is freshly freeze dried for convenience, and diced into small bite-sized ... Home>Dog & Puppy>Bones, Chews & Treats>Natural Chews > Freeze Dried Beef Liver Treats, 21 Ounce Tub ...
Visitors to Hall 4.1, Booth N69 will have the chance to see the latest version of the Advantage Plus benchtop freeze dryer. ... Genevac has announced that it will display its latest solutions for freeze drying, lyophilisation and evaporation at ACHEMA ... The Advantage Plus is a versatile system that can freeze dry bulk product or be configured for applications in stoppered vials ... Featuring the latest advances in benchtop freeze drying, the Advantage Plus can be configured with up to three fluid-cooled ...
Our innovative freeze drying process removes only water so all other nutrients remain in the food, including the taste. Please ... Our premium freeze dried dog food range uses only the highest quality ingredients giving your dog the locked-in natural ... You are here: Home / Shop / Product Type / Freeze Dried / Freeze Dried Beef Feast ... Freeze Dried Beef Feast. Our premium freeze dried dog food range uses only the highest quality ingredients giving your dog the ...
00am PDTDoes your work require you to freeze dry samples? Are your results inconsistent? Is your freeze dry cycle taking too ... Does your work require you to freeze dry samples? Are your results inconsistent? Is your freeze dry cycle taking too long? ... Using a freeze dryer for pharmaceuticals. 3 part series on freeze drying. My top 10 sample prep accessories. Nitrogen ... This webinar will discuss freeze drying techniques, as well as new accessories and advancements in laboratory freeze dryers ...
... greater aroma preservation and better preservation of chemical properties are expected to enhance the demand for freeze drying ... Benchtop freeze dryers. - Mobile freeze dryers. - Industrial freeze dryers. - General purpose freeze dryers. Freeze drying ... Freeze drying equipment market: Product segment analysis. - Laboratory freeze drying equipment. - ... www.transparencymarketresearch.com/freeze-drying-equipment-market.html. The freeze drying equipment market report by ...
Find out more about Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve and check out opinions from other buyers. ... Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve for only $9.98. ... Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve. $9.98 Meal Preparation Doesn T Get Any Easier Than This. Just ... Only on ShopMania you can find the lowest Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve prices available, ...
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Vacuum freeze drying;Biomaterial;Poly ${\gamma}$ glutamic acid;Glass transient temperature; ... An Experimental Study on the Freeze Drying Process for Poly γ Glutamic Acid - ... The secondary drying stage of freeze drying:drying kinetics as a function of temperature and chamber preesure, Vol. 60, No. 3, ... Roy, M. L. and Pikal, M. J., 1989, Process control in freeze drying:determination of the end point of sublimation drying by an ...
... freeze-dried Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and ... Shallots, freeze-dried. Food Group: Vegetables and Vegetable Products. Long Description: Shallots, freeze-dried. Short ... Shallots, freeze-dried Nutrition. This page is all about the nutrition of Shallots, freeze-dried. Learn about the carbs, ... Shallots, freeze-dried Nutrition Information - Full Details. All values shown in the detailed view below are per 100g of ...
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For some foods, freeze-drying is not cost-effective. Freeze-Drying Forecast. The cost of freeze-drying remains the greatest ... Some foods freeze-dry very well, but not all food is suitable for freeze-drying. Freeze-drying is commonly used for coffee, ... Oregon Freeze-Dry, Albany, Ore; Van Drunen Farms, Santa Rosa, Calif; Freeze-Dry Foods, Germany; Chaucer Freeze-Dry, United ... and desorption drying. The freezing phase is the most critical in the entire freeze-drying process. It is important to freeze ...
Freeze-dried B.C.G. Vaccine Report to the Medical Research Council ... Freeze-dried B.C.G. Vaccine. Br Med J 1960; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5204.979 (Published 01 October 1960) Cite this ...
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While cancer prevention research has long pointed to freeze-dried black raspberries as a potentially effective disease ... Freeze-dried powder can be mixed into juice or yogurt for a tasty serving of freeze-dried black raspberries." ... Only the freeze-dried form of the berry supplement is recommended because the freeze-drying process halts degradation and ... Eclectics full line of fresh, freeze-dried food powders, as well as its 300 mg freeze-dried black raspberry capsules, can be ...
Conversion After Freeze-dried B.C.G Br Med J 1964; 1 :1424 ... Conversion After Freeze-dried B.C.G. Br Med J 1964; 1 doi: ...
New to this edition are chapters on antibodies, freeze-dry microscopy, TEMPRIS, microwave freeze-drying, spray freeze-drying, ... Georg-Wilhelm Oetjen (who passed away 2015) on the second edition of ?Freeze-Drying? and has now taken over the authorship for ... Their many years of experience in freeze-drying enable the authors to supply valuable criteria for the selection of laboratory ... process and cycle development with an expertise in freeze-drying of ODT (oral fast dissolving tablets), the development and ...
... involves freezing a substance at very low temperatures and then extracting the liquid, creating a solid food item. ... Today, freeze-drying is used in a wide range of common food products, including freeze-dried instant coffee, ice cream, fruit ... Freeze-drying, also referred to as lyophilization, is a process that involves freezing a substance at very low temperatures and ... Freeze-drying) in the Food Industry. News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/Lyophilization-(Freeze-drying)- ...
McCormick Chives are freeze-dried at peak freshness for optimum flavor, color and aroma. With chives this good, youll want ... McCormick® Freeze-Dried Chives. McCormick Chives are freeze-dried at peak freshness for optimum flavor, color and aroma. With ... McCormick Chives are freeze-dried at peak freshness for optimum flavor, color and aroma. With chives this good, youll want ...
The high-vacuum freeze-drying process was also adapted to freeze-drying of coffee for an instant-coffee product application, ... Freeze-Dried Coffee February 2, 2009 , APPEARED IN VOLUME 87, ISSUE 5 ... C &EN PUBLISHED two very interesting items concerning freeze-dried coffee (Sept. 29, 2008, page 42; Nov. 3, 2008, page 4). Id ... Hellier formed and headed Holiday Brands to manufacture the vacuum freeze-dried coffee. This was marketed as Holiday Brand ...
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Previously, only freeze-dried sperm from mice had been shown to support embryo development. Mouse sperm, however, are ... Freeze-drying immobilizes rabbit sperm, breaks plasma membranes, and causes fragmentation of the sperm tails. Nonetheless, the ... Freeze-dried sperm can fertilize rabbit oocytes. Society for the Study of Reproduction ... The researchers believe that improvements in their procedure will someday enable freeze-dried sperm of mammalian species to be ...
Freeze-dried jellyfish could help us grow new human skin. Life 3 March 2020 By James Urquhart ...
9:50 Spray drying as an alternative to freeze drying and how to combat the challenges. *Examples of how spray drying is ... Our Active Freeze Drying technology is making pharmaceutical manufacturers reconsider their existing tray type freeze drying ... Our Active Freeze Drying technology is making pharmaceutical manufacturers reconsider their existing tray type freeze drying ... Formulation approaches for high concentration freeze dried biologics. *Impact of freeze drying cycle on cake appearance and ...
... including new techniques to freeze-dry human blood. Plus, news of how sleep boosts learning, the effects of foetal nerve ... Freeze Dried Blood! Every day the likes of probiotic good bacteria in yoghurts, and even the enzymes in washing powder, give ... Why do you want to freeze dry blood? Weve got blood banks that theyre pretty accessible. Why do you need to freeze dry this ... Chris - So, if you could in some way freeze dry the blood, preserve it in a dried format, A) it would take up less space, but ...
Freeze drying is a method for using a vacuum and a freezing process to remove water from perishable foods and medicines. Once ... Freeze drying is used to create meals for astronauts. Freeze drying first involves cooling the food or chemical compound, often ... During the freeze drying of coffee, what is the trend of microbiological loads in freeze drying process of coffee. anon148618 ... has the largest custom freeze drying facility in Western Canada. anon51095 November 3, 2009 who are the largest freeze dried ...
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Make research projects and school reports about Freeze drying easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... and pictures about Freeze drying at Encyclopedia.com. ... freeze drying Also known as lyophilization. A method of drying ... freeze drying (lyophilization) The removal of liquid from heat-sensitive materials. The material is frozen, placed under a high ... Controlled heat may be applied to the process without melting the frozen material; this is accelerated freeze drying.. ...
... freeze-dried rabbit sperm. The fertilized eggs continued to develop into embryos, some of which were transplanted into female ... so their results suggest that the freeze-drying technique could be used to preserve sperm from humans and many other animal ... Previously, only freeze-dried sperm from mice had been shown to support embryo development. Mouse sperm, however, are ... Freeze-drying immobilizes rabbit sperm, breaks plasma membranes, and causes fragmentation of the sperm tails. Nonetheless, the ...
Detailed drug Information for Bcg Vaccine Freeze Dried. Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects ... Bcg Vaccine Freeze Dried. Uses For Bcg Vaccine Freeze Dried. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is given by injection to ... Bcg Vaccine Freeze Dried (Intradermal). Generic Name: bacillus of calmette and guerin vaccine, live (Intradermal route) ... Bcg Vaccine Freeze Dried Side Effects. Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not ...
... freeze-dried Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and ... freeze-dried Nutrition. This page is all about the nutrition of Leeks, (bulb and lower-leaf portion), freeze-dried. Learn about ... freeze-dried. Short Description: LEEKS,(BULB&LOWER-LEAF PORTION),FREEZE-DRIED. Common Name: Manufacturer name: Scientific Name ... Leeks, (bulb and lower-leaf portion), freeze-dried Nutrition Information - Full Details. All values shown in the detailed view ...
Chewys Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties for naturally delicious freeze dried meals your pets will love. Receive free shipping on ... Stella & Chewys Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties Ingredients:. Stellas Super Beef Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties Guaranteed Analysis. ... Stella & Chewys Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties Ingredients:. Stellas Super Beef Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties Guaranteed Analysis. ... Stella & Chewys Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties are 90-95% raw meat, organ and bone patties that undergo a 20-hour freeze-drying ...
TasteSpotting is a mouth-watering photo collection of recipes, cooking, baking, kitchen adventures, food industry and media news created by a community of food lovers from amateur home cooks to professional chefs.
Freeze dried chicken. Home › Forums › General Forums › Food, Hydration, and Nutrition › Freeze dried chicken ... I store it in my cool, dry basement, and it has a shelf life of 3-5 years. When rehydrated, it tastes and chews just like ... "When dry, a 12.5 ounce can yields a little less than a cup and will weigh 1.5 to 2 ounces." It takes longe to re-hydrate, but I ...
Freeze-Dried Placenta Pills Linked to Newborns Dangerous Bacterial Infection. Some celebrities take such therapies, claiming ... Companies have sprouted up offering to turn placentas into smoothies, truffles, and freeze-dried pills, claiming that placental ... Doctors, searching for the source of the infection, eventually realized that the mother was taking daily dried placenta ... But even prepared placenta-whether by cooking, drying, or preservation-can transmit infection. The report states that the ...
... freeze-dried tendon grafts loaded with gene therapy may soon offer effective repair of injured tendons, a goal that has eluded ... "It could conceivably be freeze-dried, thawed and then freeze-dried again without damaging it. It could be left on shelves at ... Donated, freeze-dried tendon grafts loaded with gene therapy may soon offer effective repair of injured tendons, a goal that ... Freeze-dried tendon implants prove effective in early studies Potential to restore range of motion, accelerate healing after ...
The freeze-drying technique can be applied for preservation, when a compound or a product appears to be chemically, ... Stability of liposomes on storage: freeze dried, frozen or as an aqueous dispersion. Pharm Res 1984; 1: 159-64.CrossRefGoogle ... Abu-Zaid SS, Morii M, Takeguchi N. Effects of freezing, freeze-drying and cold storage on the size and membrane permeability of ... Stability of doxorubicin-liposomes on storage: as an aqueous dispersion, frozen or freeze dried. Int J Pharm 1984; 22: 299-310. ...
A town in Sweden plans to become the first place in the world where corpses will be disposed of by freeze-drying, as an ... A town in Sweden plans to become the first place in the world where corpses will be disposed of by freeze-drying, as an ... Swedens new funeral rite - bodies freeze-dried, powdered and made into tree mulch. ... the dead body is frozen and dried, using liquid nitrogen.. A mechanical vibration then causes the body to fall apart within 60 ...
Freeze-dried foods maintain all of their same nutritional value and taste - all you have to do is add water to prepare. ... Freeze-dried meats are a great way to add protein to your food storage pantry. ... Freeze-dried meats are a great way to add protein to your food storage pantry. Freeze-dried foods maintain all of their same ...
  • Megan Zimerman is the Product Manager for Freeze Dryers and Evaporators at Labconco Corporation. (labroots.com)
  • This webinar will discuss freeze drying techniques, as well as new accessories and advancements in laboratory freeze dryers that will help improve your sample quality and cycle time. (labroots.com)
  • Perform bulk drying operations with Spectrum's selection of lab freeze dryers. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Spectrum specializes in providing the top lab freeze dryers but if you do not see the product you require, just contact our lab equipment specialist at 800-772-8786. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • Specially designed for dedicated use by one researcher the freeze dryer has a small footprint that fits easily on a small cart or crowded benchtop. (apswater.com)
  • Our innovative freeze drying process removes only water so all other nutrients remain in the food, including the taste. (k9natural.com)
  • Whether you have been freeze drying for years or are new to the process, this webinar will inform you of ways to reduce the hassles and improve the lyophilization process in your lab. (labroots.com)
  • Pharmaceutical companies often use freeze-drying to increase the shelf life of products, such as vaccines and other injectable pharmaceutical formulations. (spectrumchemical.com)
  • What are the commercial prospects for pharmaceutical freeze-drying? (reportlinker.com)
  • New biological drugs and vaccines will benefit regional and national markets for those pharmaceutical drying technologies. (reportlinker.com)
  • Adapters are required to attach flasks to freeze dry valve ports (sold separately). (fishersci.com)
  • Our premium freeze dried dog food range uses only the highest quality ingredients giving your dog the locked-in natural goodness of fresh pure ingredients with the combined benefit of an intense flavour boost. (k9natural.com)
  • Beef liver, chicken liver, turkey liver and pork liver is freshly freeze dried for convenience, and diced into small bite-sized treats (about six calories each). (lambertvetsupply.com)
  • Tetra Bloodworms Freeze Dried Food is a premium quality, nutritious supplement to Tetra flake foods. (petguys.com)
  • Warning: prices, links and product specifications for Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve are submitted by our listed stores. (shopmania.com.au)
  • Search hundreds of online stores that deliver to Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Canberra, Perth, and all over Australia and find the best offers for Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve . (shopmania.com.au)
  • Only on ShopMania you can find the lowest Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve prices available, learn about the latest discounts and compare vitamins & supplements deals. (shopmania.com.au)
  • Here you can browse through the Back Country Cuisine Freeze Dried Food Lamb Fettuccine 1 Serve photo gallery, find out all about its features and specs and read the product reviews and user comments from our community. (shopmania.com.au)
  • The FreeZone 2.5 Liter Benchtop Freeze Dry System offers an economical solution for processing light loads of aqueous samples. (apswater.com)
  • Lyophilization is the technical term for freeze-drying. (ift.org)
  • process and cycle development with an expertise in freeze-drying of ODT (oral fast dissolving tablets), the development and design study for an semi-continuous working lyophilization plants, the transfer of Freeze-Drying cycles from an Usifroid plant to a Telstar plant, cycle development and process optimization and the standardization of projects for costs reduction and fast track component production. (wiley.com)
  • Freeze-drying, also referred to as lyophilization, is a process that involves freezing a substance at very low temperatures and then extracting liquid via sublimation, converting water from a solid to gaseous state. (news-medical.net)
  • Freeze drying, which scientists might call lyophilization , uses both a vacuum and a freezing process to remove water from perishable foods and medicines. (wisegeek.com)
  • Freeze drying (or lyophilization) removes water from the ice cream by lowering the air pressure to a point where ice sublimates from a solid to a gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • freeze drying ( lyophilization ) The removal of liquid from heat-sensitive materials. (encyclopedia.com)
  • freeze drying Also known as lyophilization. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Millrock Technology is the world's premier freeze drying & lyophilization equipment company. (top20sites.com)
  • Freeze drying , lyophilization and Lyophilizers , Centrifugal Evaporation and Concentration, Temperature Control / Thermal management, and glassware washers. (top20sites.com)
  • Shortly thereafter, the freeze dry process was applied to penicillin and bone, and lyophilization became recognized as an important technique for preservation of biologicals. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Eclectic's POWder line (POW emphasized for Plant Originated Wellness) is a full line of freeze-dried, raw food powders that contain only herbs, fruits, and vegetables. (prweb.com)
  • Eclectic has a 90-acre certified organic farm in Sandy, OR, and it maintains its own freeze-drying facility for processing its fresh herbs, fruits and vegetables upon harvest. (prweb.com)
  • Today, freeze-drying is used in a wide range of common food products, including freeze-dried instant coffee, ice cream, fruit and vegetables, meats and meat substitutes. (news-medical.net)
  • The basic structure of fruits and vegetables will not change when freeze dried. (wisegeek.com)
  • Stella & Chewy's Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties are made of exactly that, plus 100% organic fruits and vegetables for wholesome, well-rounded nutrition. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Other innovative foodstuffs that Chaucer offers in freeze-dried format include chunks of vegetables such as beetroot, courgettes and peppers. (foodnavigator.com)
  • The new freeze dried vegetables, fruit and meat meals not only make a great supplement to Wise's prepared food storage meals, but they can also be enjoyed for every day uses including last minute dinner ideas, a tasty snack, or for camping and hunting. (prweb.com)
  • Survivalistfood.com recently introduced three great new survival food options to its line emergency food storage products, which include freeze dried vegetables, fruit, and meat. (prweb.com)
  • Wise Company assorted freeze dried vegetables, freeze dried fruit and freeze dried meat are packaged in individual Mylar pouches, and then encased in durable plastic containers thus preserving food and eliminating waste. (prweb.com)
  • Each pouch of freeze dried vegetables can be added to much more than an emergency preparedness supply. (prweb.com)
  • Start preparing now with the new Wise Freeze Dried Vegetables , Fruit and Meat emergency food sold at SurvivalistFood.com. (prweb.com)
  • These freeze dried patties are made with raw, naturally raised lamb and organic fruits and vegetables. (funnyfur.com)
  • The beef and onions he starts off with are freeze-dried chunks, and all the vegetables and spices are powders scooped out of No. 10 cans (of which there are plenty more on the shelves behind him). (reporterherald.com)
  • Common methods include the concentration of the product, increasing the surface area, addition of components such as preservatives, and IQF (Individual Quick Freezing) of smaller pieces of food (this makes the food product free-flowing and better suited for the process. (news-medical.net)
  • Dried fruit does not preserve all the nutrients of fresh fruit and fruit snacks can contain added sugars (including high-fructose corn syrup), colors, and preservatives. (godairyfree.org)
  • Made without cooking or preservatives, Orijen's Biologically Appropriate™ treats are gently freeze-dried to lock in the life-giving goodness and flavors of our fresh and regional ingredients for a reward your cat will truly love. (viovet.co.uk)
  • Our meats are delivered FRESH (refrigerated, without preservatives) or RAW (flash-frozen, without preservatives), then gently freeze-dried. (petco.com)
  • Our fish are delivered daily FRESH (refrigerated, without preservatives) or RAW (flash-frozen, without preservatives), then gently freeze-dried. (orijen.ca)
  • Gently freeze-dried in our own kitchens without cooking or preservatives, to lock in natural, delicious goodness for a pure and tasty treat. (orijen.ca)
  • Freeze-drying is a very gentle dehydration process used for preservation of high quality foods. (ift.org)
  • Since then freeze-drying has become one of the most important processes for preservation of heat-sensitive biological materials. (ift.org)
  • Freeze-drying is currently used as a preservation method for foods, pharma-ceuticals, and a wide range of other products. (ift.org)
  • About Eclectic Institute: Dr. Ed Alstat founded the Eclectic Institute in 1982 and was the first to utilize freeze-drying technology for the preservation of herbal supplements in the marketplace. (prweb.com)
  • Compared to air-drying, which is another common form of preservation that involves heat treating a product in air, no quality is lost in this process. (news-medical.net)
  • Drying foods with heat for preservation is an ancient concept, but it has certain drawbacks. (wisegeek.com)
  • This is why freeze drying has an advantage over heat dehydration in the preservation process. (wisegeek.com)
  • But even prepared placenta-whether by cooking, drying, or preservation-can transmit infection. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The freeze-drying technique can be applied for preservation, when a compound or a product appears to be chemically, biologically or thermally unstable in solution or when different components in solution are mutually incompatible. (springer.com)
  • The desiccation of sera and other biological products in the frozen state with the preservation of the original qualities of products so treated. (springer.com)
  • Better preservation of apple color and volatile compounds demonstrated the benefits of the hybrid PSMFD technology for the production of premium quality dried fruits compared to air drying and freeze drying. (springer.com)
  • They mixed the sperm with special preservation liquid and freeze-dried it in a way that allows them to store it at just 4 degrees Celsius (39 Fahrenheit), Kaneko said. (petmd.com)
  • Drying is a method of food preservation that works by removing water from the food, which inhibits the growth of microorganisms and hinders quality decay. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Since that time, freeze-drying has been used as a preservation or processing technique for a wide variety of products. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Eclectic Institute offers a full line of fresh, freeze-dried herbs and formulas, liquid extracts, botanical creams, children's herbs, and vitamins, as well as a physician's line of supplements. (prweb.com)
  • Our laboratory is developing a food-based approach to the prevention of esophageal and colon cancer utilizing freeze-dried berries and berry extracts. (nih.gov)
  • Pharmalink Extracts services include freeze - drying , milling, and supercritical C02 extraction on a large scale with co-solvent capability. (top20sites.com)
  • The key researcher into this project, Gary Stoner, Ph.D., Professor and Chair of Environmental Health Sciences at Ohio State University, explained how the whole freeze-dried berry is better off than the extracts because they contain vitamin C, E and folic acid. (bio-medicine.org)
  • I discovered Stella and Chewy's freeze dried patties and he cannot get enough of them. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Stella & Chewy's Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties are 90-95% raw meat, organ and bone patties that undergo a 20-hour freeze-drying process, which transforms them into shelf stable meals. (1800petmeds.com)
  • The patties may be served in the freeze-dried form or broken up and mixed with warm water for a soft, flavorful meal. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Stella & Chewy's Freeze-Dried Dinner Patties are a convenient way to give your dog the benefits of a raw, natural diet. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Just like prey in the wild, a Vital Essentials Freeze Dried Mini Patties diet provides the essential, natural nutrition necessary for your cat's health and wellness, maintaining top body condition and building a foundation for a proactive health program. (onlynaturalpet.com)
  • In addition to promoting your cat's overall health, Vital Essentials Freeze Dried Mini Patties raw diet also supports and maintains a healthy digestive system, strong bones, shiny coats, healthy skin, clean teeth, and weight control. (onlynaturalpet.com)
  • Freeze-Dried Mini Patties can be fed as is or re-hydrated with warm water. (onlynaturalpet.com)
  • The following product updates are for our Freeze Dried Patties and Morsels, Meal Mixers and Frozen product lines. (stellaandchewys.com)
  • We've improved the opening system on our freeze dried patties and morsels and meal mixer bags. (stellaandchewys.com)
  • With our new packaging we have chosen to couple that with a 1oz decrease in our 15oz freeze dried patties going to 14oz and our 9oz Meal Mixers going to 8oz. (stellaandchewys.com)
  • That's the appeal of a new freeze-dry method that turns DNA and other molecules into small reaction pellets needed to make a wide range of pharmaceuticals. (technologyreview.com)
  • Freeze-drying preserves flavor, color, and appearance, while minimizing thermal damage to heat-sensitive nutrients. (ift.org)
  • Only the freeze-dried form of the berry supplement is recommended because the freeze-drying process halts degradation and preserves the active constituents of the fresh berries. (prweb.com)
  • Freeze drying is a procedure that preserves coffee or drugs without changing the product's desired characteristics. (roche.de)
  • Frosted Floral Memories takes YOUR Wedding Bouquet or other memorable flowers from Events and preserves those flowers by Freeze Drying . (top20sites.com)
  • Eclectic's full line of fresh, freeze-dried food powders, as well as its 300 mg freeze-dried black raspberry capsules, can be found in health food stores or on the internet. (prweb.com)
  • Long-term stability studies revealed that γ-irradiated NSs stored as freeze-dried powders maintained their initial characteristics. (dovepress.com)
  • McCormick Chives are freeze-dried at peak freshness for optimum flavor, color and aroma. (mccormick.com)
  • The freeze-drying process removes the water content without cooking, so vital nutrients and rich flavor remain in a shelf stable form. (1800petmeds.com)
  • The objective of this research was to study effects of this novel technology on dielectric properties and quality characteristics (moisture content, porosity, microstructure, texture, color, and flavor) of apple cuboids as compared with the conventional drying technologies (air drying and freeze drying). (springer.com)
  • In contrast, most freeze dried fruit in the U.S. uses dices or small pieces of fruit and a different process, resulting in a chewier, rubbery texture and less flavor. (godairyfree.org)
  • There are three stages in the process: freezing, sublimation drying, and desorption drying. (ift.org)
  • Drying - Water is drawn out of the material through sublimation, which causes the solid ice to transition to gaseous vapor without passing through the liquid phase again. (news-medical.net)
  • Anon 50828 is correct in that heat must be applied to the frozen product to counteract the effects of sublimation cooling. (wisegeek.com)
  • Freeze drying is the process of preserving a perishable material by first freezing it, the reducing the surrounding pressure and heating to the point of sublimation, where the liquid passes straight from solid form to gas. (foodnavigator.com)
  • In addition, since the product quality of the dried solid waste is less of an issue than for food and pharmaceutical products, the sublimation envelope can be pushed. (sbir.gov)
  • Unique Freeze Drying system with dual condensers allows a continuous sublimation of solvents. (buchi.com)
  • The researchers---from the University of Connecticut, the University of Hawaii, and Hirosaki University---note that rabbit sperm share many similarities with human sperm, so their results suggest that the freeze-drying technique could be used to preserve sperm from humans and many other animal species. (eurekalert.org)
  • Freeze drying is used to preserve tissues (e.g. blood plasma) and foods and to concentrate solutions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Drug manufacturers have been freeze-drying some vaccines and other compounds for decades to preserve their biological properties so they can be transported to regions where reliable power for refrigeration is hard to come by. (technologyreview.com)
  • 2. Flash freeze the slices if possible to prevent ice nucleation and to preserve cell walls. (instructables.com)
  • NOW uses only solvent-free, freeze-dried Acai Berries to better preserve the integrity of the nutrients present in fresh Acai. (iherb.com)
  • Preserve YOUR Wedding Bouquet by Freeze Drying . (top20sites.com)
  • Let Don preserve your pet with freeze drying techniques to a life-like pose that will allow you memories for years to come. (top20sites.com)
  • Methods of pretreatment include: Freeze concentration, Solution phase concentration, Formulation to Preserve Product Appearance, Formulation to Stabilize Reactive Products, Formulation to Increase the Surface Area, and Decreasing High Vapor Pressure Solvents. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • A secondary drying phase is then needed to remove unfrozen water molecules remaining after primary drying. (ift.org)
  • It is followed by secondary drying, where the chamber is evacuated further to remove more strongly bound water molecules. (roche.de)
  • After the PRT, Secondary Drying takes place to ensure absolute dryness. (eurotherm.com)
  • There are four stages in the complete drying process: pretreatment, freezing, primary drying, and secondary drying. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Orijen Ranch Raised Lamb Freeze Dried Cat Treats are made up of tender ranch raised lamb, locally sourced to provide optimal nutrition. (viovet.co.uk)
  • All cats evolved as carnivores, biologically adapted to thrive on a varied diet of fresh whole meats which is why Orijen Freeze Dried cat treats contain only 100% natural meats, poultry or fish. (viovet.co.uk)
  • There are currently no questions for Orijen Ranch Raised Lamb Freeze Dried Cat Treats - be the first to ask one! (viovet.co.uk)
  • Carnivore Crunch Freeze Dried Dog Treats by Stella & Chewy`s. (muttropolis.com)
  • Carnivore Crunch Freeze Dried Dog treats are great as a training reward, or crumbled over food at mealtimes for those who need a little inspiration. (muttropolis.com)
  • ORIJEN Freeze-Dried Kentucky Bison Dog Treats, 3.25 oz. (petco.com)
  • As always, Pro-Treat freeze-dried liver treats are gluten, additive and preservative-free. (petage.com)
  • This page is all about the nutrition of Shallots, freeze-dried. (bellaonline.com)
  • This page is all about the nutrition of Leeks, (bulb and lower-leaf portion), freeze-dried. (bellaonline.com)
  • This 100% natural, freeze dried food meets the highest quality standards, providing a natural source of nutrition. (aquaticcommunity.com)
  • Dr. Marty s Premium Freeze-Dried Dog Food , is a premium, freeze-dried raw dog food formulated to give your dog the balanced nutrition they need to thrive. (entirelypets.com)
  • If you'd like to boost your dog's diet with freeze-dried raw nutrition but don't want to replace their current food, you can use Nature's Blend as a mixer. (entirelypets.com)
  • This completely updated and enlarged third edition of the classic text adopts a practical approach to describe the fundamentals of freeze-drying, backed by many explanatory examples. (wiley.com)
  • Freeze-dried products are typically crisper and have rehydration ratios four to six times higher than conventional air-dried foods. (ift.org)
  • Freeze Dry Products Inc. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • International Symposium on Freeze-Drying of Biological Products. (springer.com)
  • and freeze dried cheese finds uses in products like powdered soup and instant mashed potato. (foodnavigator.com)
  • To highlight one of these three new products, Wise specialized Freeze Dried Vegetable and Gourmet Flavored Sauce combo pack has been uniquely designed so that each individual vegetable can mixed and matched with shelf stable cheese, cream, mushroom, and butter sauces. (prweb.com)
  • The effects of novel Pulse-Spouted Bed Microwave Freeze Drying (PSMFD) technology on the quality on natural food products have been investigated. (springer.com)
  • Our main products include steel-making production line, particle board production line and wood-based board production line,feed pelletizer production line, wood pelletizer production line, dry granulator etc. (evangelicaloutpost.com)
  • Halo Freeze Dried Kiblets Salmon and Turkey was selected to represent the other products in the line for this review. (dogfoodadvisor.com)
  • Store freeze-dried products in a cool dark place. (jefferspet.com)
  • The opening system remains the same on our frozen products. (stellaandchewys.com)
  • It is important to freeze foods rapidly in order to avoid the formation of large ice crystals, which deteriorate the final product quality. (ift.org)
  • Freeze-drying is very good at increasing the shelf-life and storage length of a product while retaining its three-dimensional shape and integrity. (news-medical.net)
  • Freezing - This is carried out rapidly to avoid the formation of large ice crystals, which can damage the structure of the product. (news-medical.net)
  • Maybe this is a silly question, but how is this product shipped if it's supposed to remain frozen? (1800petmeds.com)
  • Increasingly, guarding and control of the freeze-drying process becomes important to obtain a lyophilized product, from which the original form/structure can be recovered optimally. (springer.com)
  • Although freeze-dried fruit is not a new product, FoPo is the first freeze drying facility aiming to work solely with produce that would otherwise be discarded. (springwise.com)
  • In addition to the popular Wise Company freeze dried food meal kits, these new product lines provide additional options for emergency food storage. (prweb.com)
  • The entire process is as follows: First, the product is deep-frozen in the chamber at temperatures as low as -60°C. Once it has frozen, the chamber is "evacuated", i.e. a vacuum is generated which acts like a pump and empties the chamber. (roche.de)
  • Freeze drying is a slow batch process used in pharmaceutical & biochemical industries to extract dry product from an aqueous solution. (eurotherm.com)
  • The product is usually in phials placed on shelves in a vacuum chamber, which is first frozen and then evacuated. (eurotherm.com)
  • Once above zero degrees the chamber isolation valve is closed and a 'Pressure Rise Test' is performed to ensure the product is dry. (eurotherm.com)
  • The freeze drying process is characterised by long stabilization periods, for example when the chamber is first frozen, to ensure all the product is completely frozen before the chamber evacuation starts. (eurotherm.com)
  • Here the chamber isolation valve is closed for a defined period - if the product is dry the vacuum is maintained, if the pressure rises more than a nominal amount the product is not completely dry. (eurotherm.com)
  • Pretreatment includes any method of treating the product prior to freezing. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • In many instances the decision to pretreat a product is based on theoretical knowledge of freeze-drying and its requirements, or is demanded by cycle time or product quality considerations. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • As a first step, we developed a specialist probiotic product for space experiments, containing freeze-dried LcS in capsule form (Probiotics Package), and tested its stability through 1 month of storage on the ISS. (nature.com)
  • The Halo Freeze Dried Kiblets product line includes three dry recipes . (dogfoodadvisor.com)
  • Even when you consider the protein-boosting effect of the flaxseed, this looks like the profile of a dry product containing an abundance of meat . (dogfoodadvisor.com)
  • Halo Freeze Dried Kiblets is a meat-based freeze dried dog food using a significant amount of salmon, poultry or beef as its main sources of animal protein, thus earning the brand 5 stars . (dogfoodadvisor.com)
  • On November 22, 2009, the Oregon Freeze Dry facility released approximately 422 pounds of ammonia into the environment at its facility located at 525 25th Ave. SW in Albany, Ore., according to the EPA settlement. (eponline.com)
  • EPA alleges that Oregon Freeze Dry failed to immediately notify local and state agencies about the release. (eponline.com)
  • Backed by 35 years of professional freeze-dried food prep experience, from Oregon Freeze Dry, Inc. (sportsmansguide.com)
  • Click the button below to add the Stella & Chewy's Dandy Lamb Freeze Dried Raw Diet Dog Dinner to your wish list. (funnyfur.com)
  • This page contains information on Bronchitis Vaccine (Ark Type, Freeze-dried) for veterinary use . (drugs.com)
  • Collins's lab tested the ability of the pellets to synthesize a diphtheria vaccine, which is difficult to store and distribute because of its sensitivity to both heating and freezing. (technologyreview.com)
  • During the 1950s, industrial freeze-drying of foods began. (ift.org)
  • In the 1950s and 1960s, with shifting consumer needs, freeze-drying started to be used more widely in the food industry. (news-medical.net)
  • As a producer of freeze-dried supplements since 1985, Dr. Alstat is gratified that more health experts are recognizing the science and acknowledging that freeze-dried botanicals are superior to standard supplements, "I've been spreading the word about the benefits of freeze-drying for decades, and I am delighted it's finally hitting the mainstream. (prweb.com)
  • Freeze-dried meats are a great way to add protein to your food storage pantry. (thereadystore.com)
  • The first dual condenser Freeze Drying system for unlimited capacity. (buchi.com)
  • In the final drying stage, the condenser, by then full of ice, may be isolated. (eurotherm.com)
  • Freeze-dried black raspberries show promising health benefits. (prweb.com)
  • While cancer prevention research has long pointed to freeze-dried black raspberries as a potentially effective disease fighting supplement, the berries recently came into the spotlight when daily freeze-dried black raspberry supplementation was again recommended on the "The Dr. Oz Show" as a part of Dr. Lindsey Duncan's cancer prevention regimen. (prweb.com)
  • results from a toxicity study indicated that freeze-dried black raspberries are well tolerated in humans when administered orally for 7 days at a dose of 45 g per day. (nih.gov)
  • Doctors, searching for the source of the infection, eventually realized that the mother was taking daily dried placenta capsules. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Demineralized freeze dried bone allograft, referred to as DFDBA, is a bone graft material known for its de novo bone formation properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antigenicity potential of demineralized freeze-dried bovine cortical bone membrane (DFDBCBM) was done with histology-based anticellularity evaluation, while cytotoxicity was analyzed using MTT Assay. (hindawi.com)
  • This study attempted to explore the potential of demineralized freeze-dried bovine cortical bone (DFDBCB) to be used as a guided bone regeneration membrane. (hindawi.com)
  • Freeze-dried Rabbit Mini Nibs are made with farm-raised rabbit and contain only meat, bone, and organs. (jefferspet.com)
  • Microwave freeze drying of apple slices based on the dielectric properties. (springer.com)
  • Optimization of process parameters for microwave vacuum drying of apple slices using response surface method. (springer.com)
  • Influence of combination drying methods on composition, texture, aroma and microstructure of apple slices. (springer.com)
  • To make its unique flavors, Funky Monkey Snacks uses a proprietary freeze-drying process on whole slices and large pieces of fruit. (godairyfree.org)
  • During the primary drying phase, the pressure is lowered through the application of a high vacuum, and heat is applied to provide the energy needed for the ice to sublime. (ift.org)
  • There is less loss of flavour and texture than with most other methods of drying. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The energy required for freeze-drying is almost double that required for conventional air drying. (ift.org)
  • In addition, the cost of freeze-drying is four to eight times higher than conventional air drying (Fink 1977). (ift.org)
  • For conventional freeze drying operations, the system vacuum pump and the heat transfer system are in continuous operation. (sbir.gov)
  • Here at Don's Taxidermy and Freeze Drying we mount all types of conventional taxidermy including, but not limited to Upland Bird Taxidermy, Waterfowl Taxidermy, Mammals, Game Heads and Freeze Drying services which includes your beloved pets. (top20sites.com)
  • The drying process involves the use of a vacuum chamber. (wisegeek.com)
  • It was at this time when Tival and Elser patented freeze-drying systems that improved upon the 1909 invention of the vacuum chamber by Shackell. (news-medical.net)
  • The frozen foods or chemicals are placed into the vacuum chamber, and the surrounding air is pumped out. (wisegeek.com)
  • Part 1 discussed the history and basics of freeze dried foods and Part 2 discussed types of foods available and vendors. (alpharubicon.com)
  • This workshop is designed to focus on the development and scale up of freeze drying processes covering the basics of freeze drying, the decision process in formulation /cycle development, the key aspects to look out for and suggestions on different QbD/DOE approaches. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • Freeze-dried foods possess superior quality as compared with food dehydrated by other methods. (ift.org)
  • Freeze dried foods are popular among hikers. (wisegeek.com)
  • Freeze-dried ice cream is sold by mail order and is common in science museums and NASA visitor center gift shops, sometimes accompanied by other freeze-dried foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Food portal Space food List of dried foods Camping food "Space Food" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, there is strong evidence that the nutrient content of freeze-dried foodstuffs is unaffected by the process, making it suitable for foods that bring added nutritional benefits. (foodnavigator.com)
  • A few months ago, I wrote a two part article on Freeze Dried Foods. (alpharubicon.com)
  • This treat is a healthy and convenient alternative to frozen and live foods. (aquaticcommunity.com)
  • Primal Pet Foods Raw Freeze-Dried Canine Lamb Formula is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles for All Life Stages. (primalpetfoods.com)
  • Primal Pet Foods Raw Canine Rabbit Freeze-Dried Formula is formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles for all life stages except for growth of large size dogs (70 lbs or more as an adult). (primalpetfoods.com)
  • Saratoga Farms™ Freeze Dried Corn is a great source of fiber, vitamins and minerals to keep you going in an emergency. (thereadystore.com)
  • Carnivore Crunch is an all-natural, freeze dried meat dog treat that is fortified with vitamins and minerals. (muttropolis.com)
  • Every ingredient in the Macanna line of freeze-dried dog food-hemp, coconut, kale and turmeric-was chosen with a specific benefit in mind, such as kale's potential to promote a healthy heart, skin, bones, and eyes and coconut's supply of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. (petage.com)
  • Funky Monkey Snacks are also a healthier and more natural alternative to dried fruit or fruit snacks. (godairyfree.org)
  • Crispy Green sent us a bunch of samples of its freeze-dried fruit snacks saying they're for our "tasting enjoyment and review just in time for the 'back-to-school season. (timesunion.com)
  • A method of drying in which the material is frozen and subjected to high vacuum. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Bensley RR, Gersh I. Studies on cell structure by the freeze-drying method. (springer.com)
  • According to Mrs Wiigh-Masak's method, which she has called "promession" - the promise to return to the earth what emerged from the earth - the dead body is frozen and dried, using liquid nitrogen. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • What's different about this method is that researchers have figured out a way to freeze-dry the individual molecular components instead of freeze-drying the whole drug or compound. (technologyreview.com)
  • Even after being stored at temperatures above freezing for more than two years, the treated sperm were as capable as fresh sperm at fertilizing rabbit oocytes. (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers believe that improvements in their procedure will someday enable freeze-dried sperm of mammalian species to be stored indefinitely at room temperatures. (eurekalert.org)
  • I'd like to provide additional information that should be of interest because it places the development of the high-vacuum freeze-drying of coffee back to 1945-54 by the National Research Corp. (NRC). (acs.org)
  • Many fruits can be freeze-dried into a crispy snack. (wisegeek.com)
  • The freeze-dried snack packs retail for $1.49 or $7.99 for six single-serving bags. (timesunion.com)
  • Only when 5.0% (w/v) hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) was used, a complete resuspension by manual shaking and almost identical particle size of the NSs was obtained after freeze-drying. (dovepress.com)
  • The final freeze-dried food typically contains between 1% and 4% moisture. (ift.org)
  • 2.How much moisture content before drying and after drying? (evangelicaloutpost.com)
  • Food that is to undergo freeze-drying is typically pre-treated in some manner. (news-medical.net)
  • Post its cellular material removal, it can be freeze-dried and stored for later use as a tissue-engineered replacement valve to treat a failing heart, describes an article in Tissue Engineering, Part C: Methods, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (medindia.net)
  • We are studying methods to freeze-dry eggs as well. (petmd.com)
  • For the first time in Freeze Drying, Quick-Design offers a fast way of programming and starting methods. (buchi.com)