Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Child, Institutionalized: A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Child Psychology: The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Tooth DiseasesInfection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Dental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dental Waste: Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Economics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Child Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Dental Facilities: Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)United StatesDental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.American Dental Association: Professional society representing the field of dentistry.Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Dental Implantation, Endosseous: Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Legislation, Dental: Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Libraries, DentalRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Dental Pulp CalcificationMandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Age Determination by Teeth: A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Mouth DiseasesCariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Odontogenesis: The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Dental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Free Radicals: Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Dental Disinfectants: Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Manifest Anxiety Scale: True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Forensic Dentistry: The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Oral Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Dental Pulp Capping: Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.IndiaChild Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Dental Veneers: The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.BrazilChild Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Schools: Educational institutions.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Radiography, Panoramic: Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.State Dentistry: Control, direction and financing of the total dental care of the population by a national government.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Surgery, Oral: A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Geriatric Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Tooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.

*Healthcare in Costa Rica

"Costa Rica Dental Clinic Provides Free Dental Care to Children in Need - USA Herald". USA Herald. 2017-11-13. Retrieved 2017-12 ... Alongside universal health care the government also provides basic dental care. However, this does not include most orthodontic ... Emergency care is provided free of charge to all residents. This governmental entity's functions encompass both the ... Costa Rica offers some of the best health care in Central America. Both the private and public health care systems are always ...

*Dentistry throughout the world

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*New Zealand Sovereignty Party

... repealing the 2007 anti-smacking law and the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme and free dental care for school children. It ...

*House of European History

... dedicated to providing free dental care for disadvantaged children. In 1933, the Eastman Foundation approached the Swiss ... In the former children's waiting room there is a series of murals by the painter Camille Barthélémy illustrating La Fontaine's ... The dental clinic closed its doors before the building was converted into offices for the European institutions in the 1980s. ... In June 2009, the Bureau of the European Parliament decided to assign the former Eastman Dental Hospital to the future museum ...

*KidsCan

... have also partnered with Lumino the Dentists to provide Lumino dental hygiene kits and free dental care to families of children ... Food for Kids, Shoes for Kids, Raincoats for Kids, Warm Kids Cool Kids and Health for Kids). They provide food, socks, shoes ... Shoes for Kids, providing a free pair of shoes and two pairs of socks for children coming to school in winter without footwear ... Raincoats for Kids, providing free fleece-lined, waterproof raincoats for kids whose families, struggling to make ends meet, ...

*Mary Virginia Merrick

The Society also established a Committee on Dental Work, to provide free dental care for children in the public schools of the ... there is a settlement house which takes care of thousands of children. There is a convalescent home where 32 children are taken ... featuring a library and offering musical classes for children, nurse-taught classes on the care and treatment of children for ... shoes and outerwear for school-aged children; backpacks full of personal items for children in foster care or fleeing domestic ...

*Homeless Not Toothless

... which will allow the program's participating dentists to provide free dental care to 28,000 Los Angeles foster children. ... Jay Grossman, DDS, Provides Free Dental Care to Homeless Patients." Westide Today, Health October 2006: 73. Print. Kramer, Jeff ... many are dental students; • The value of donated dental services for 2015 is more than $885,000. HNT has utilized dental ... Homeless Not Toothless is committed to encouraging the health, care, and support for as many foster children as possible to ...

*Global Dental Relief

... mission is to engage diverse groups of dental professionals and non-dental volunteers to bring free dental care to children in ... Global Dental Relief volunteers have been working since 2001 to bring dental care to children overseas. GDR now works in six ... In 2014, 249 dedicated volunteers served 13,000 children with $6.3 million in donated dental care in these six countries. GDR's ... 2014 Highlights In 2014, GDR reached 13,000 children in six countries, a ten percent increase in children served. Each child ...

*Youth in Denmark

For youth eighteen and younger, dental care access is free. Oral health care is provided by a municipal dental health service ... Youth dental care service includes recurrent check-ups and treatment. Dental health care for those over eighteen is by provided ... The 1986 Act on Dental Care provides health promotion, systematic prevention, and curative care free of charge for those ... parents do not make decisions for youth without explaining the rationale and the youth comprehending. Parents prepare youth to ...

*Gerry Curatola

... a dental charity founded by local pediatrician, Dr. Gail Schoenfeld, which provides free dental care to needy children on Long ... In 1982, while in dental school, Curatola organized a dental mission to the island of Jamaica in conjunction with the Ministry ... whose facilities were used on the island to provide dental care in critically under served areas for three months. His work ... 6,503,483 for a dental formulation. Jan., 2003 Awarded United States Patent #6,207,137 for a dental formulation. March, 2001 ...

*Economy of Hungary

... including abolition of free higher education and dental service; reduced family allowances, child-care benefits, and maternity ... The state provides free pre-primary schooling for all children, 8 years of general education and 4 years of upper secondary ... The EU's free trade system helps Hungary, as it is a relatively small country and thus needs export and import. After the ... "EU free movement of labour map". London: BBC. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2010. Economy at the Hungarian Central ...

*Water fluoridation

... of water fluoridation can vary according to circumstances such as whether preventive dental care is free to all children. ... does not have school-based dental care, many children do not visit a dentist regularly, and for many U.S. children water ... Another of the goals was to bridge inequalities in dental health and dental care. Some studies suggest that fluoridation ... and their children have less dental care. Once a cavity occurs, the tooth's fate is that of repeated restorations, with ...

*Muriel Tuteur

The center provided, at no cost to union workers, care for 3 to 6-year-old children, which included free health and dental ... which was looking for someone to start a child care program for workers in 1969. It was the first union-sponsored day care ... During her tenure at the ACTWU Child Care Center, Tuteur made several trips abroad to study childcare and labor. In 1977, she ... Kleiman, Carol (January 3, 1994). "Many businesses still don't get it when it comes to child care". Boca Raton, Florida: The ...

*It's Time (Australian campaign)

A School Dental Service Scheme was also introduced, providing free dental care for schoolchildren. Via grants to the states, ... together with a pre-school and child care program which catered for 100,000 children. In March 1973, the service pension was ... Free tertiary education was introduced, together with a universal health care system and a sole parent pension. Laws were also ... Whitlam announced that pre-school education would be paid for by the state, and that child care would be heavily subsidised ...

*Bruce Karsh

The Karsh Center includes a food pantry and free or low-cost dental and eye care, legal aid, and mental health services for low ... Karsh is on the board of The Painted Turtle, a non-profit organization that operates a camp for children with life-threatening ... They live in Beverly Hills, California and have three children. "The World's Billionaires". Forbes. Retrieved 29 August 2016. ...

*Notre Dame of Greater Manila

The CESP soon included free medical-dental health care for the depressed communities of Grace Park Parish, donations to victims ... Pinatubo's eruption and a Bahay-Lingap Drop-In-Center for Street Children. Notre Dame of Greater Manila offered courses in ... It started with activities such as the Grade School's Bagong Barrio Outreach Program, Saint Eugene de Mazenod Street Children ...

*Paul Bussman

... optical and dental clinic for uninsured, employed individuals in Cullman County, and continues to provide free dental care to ... Bussman is the chairperson of Children, Youth Affairs and Human Resources; the vice chairperson of Health; Agriculture, ... 1.[2] Bussman is active in the state and local chapters of both the American Dental Association and the Academy of General ... Later he attended the University of Alabama School of Dentistry, where he earned his Doctor of Dental Medicine Degree in 1983. ...

*St. Camillus Centre

Monyamane, also joined the effort by providing free medical and dental care and training. "We created a St. Camillus Home Care ... Camillus Orphans and Vulnerable Children, Day-Care and Fostering Center. "A week ago another child was brought to the Centre. A ... free HIV testing, and free counseling to Support Group members at the St. Clare Clinic in Thoteng, Mohale's Hoek. Youth ... The caregiver brought the children to the Chief and an extended family in a nearby village was found to care for them." (Sister ...

*Jose Cha Cha Jimenez

These included a free breakfast for children program, the Emeterio Betances Free Health Clinic, a free dental clinic and the ... first free community daycare center in Chicago. The day care center was put in place to facilitate the involvement of women in ... You, the youth of our community are our future leaders and you will get us what we want. And what do we want? Auto ... The youth of Lincoln Park were now involved in car thefts, purse-snatchings, burglaries, armed robberies, drugs, stabbings, ...

*Lehigh Valley Hospital

... and a dental van that provides free care to more than 1,000 children yearly. The benefit also helps to cover the growing ... In 2014, the not-for-profit LVHN increased its community benefit - a combination of free care, reduced-cost care, education and ... LVHN also includes Children's Hospital at Lehigh Valley Hospital, Community Health Centers, primary care and specialty ... Lehigh Valley Hospital has been ranked by U.S. News & World Report eight times for cardiac care and cardiac surgery. The ...

*Kool Smiles

"A fight over dental care for kids is headed to court." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Wednesday, August 22, 2007. Retrieved on ... May 15, 2016 is "Sharing Smiles Day,"[2] the annual day on which Kool Smiles locations offer free care to uninsured children ... Dental Centers Aspen Dental Medicaid Dental Center ReachOut Healthcare America Small Smiles Dental Centers South Texas Dental ... The company says that its mission is to provide quality dental care for children and families in underserved communities. In ...

*Assemblies of God USA

This ministry provides free optical, dental, and medical care as well as evangelism. It has operated in 86 countries since its ... Youth Alive oversees missionary outreach to elementary and high schools. In 2010, U.S. Missions reported 1,059 appointed ... it believes that mankind has free will-free to accept or reject God's gift of salvation and eternal life. Therefore, the ... The General Council has offered this guideline for AG churches; however, churches are free to determine their own standards of ...

*Bill Cassidy

The Clinic provides low-income families with free dental, medical, mental health and vision care through a "virtual" approach ... as it would allow states to eliminate requirements to cover children with conditions like that of Kimmel's child. Kimmel ... Cassidy led a group of health care volunteers to convert an abandoned K-Mart building into an emergency health care facility, ... "Program offers health care for adults without insurance." Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, May 24, 2002, Metro Edition, p. 1C. " ...

*Healthcare in the Republic of Ireland

All maternity services and child care up to the age of six months are provided free of charge. Emergency care is provided at a ... The Medical Card - which entitles holders to free hospital care, GP visits, dental services, optical services, aural services, ... health care. Medical Card holders and their dependants, Health Amendment Act Card holders and children get these services free ... Health care in Ireland is two-tier: public and private sectors exist. The public health care system is governed by the Health ...

*Meet Each Need with Dignity (MEND)

Medical, Dental, and Eye Care Clinics Staffed by volunteer health professionals, MEND's health-care clinics provide free health ... the dental clinic hosts an annual event providing free dental screenings and fluoride treatment to hundreds of school children ... The 1990s witnessed an expansion of its services, beginning with a free medical and dental clinic, opened in 1991 (a vision ... Specialty clinics focus on diabetes, hypertension, women's health, and chiropractic care. With the San Fernando Valley Dental ...
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between childhood dental experiences and dental fear in adulthood among dentistry, psychology and mathematics undergraduate students. A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the Brazilian version of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS) and a questionnaire regarding previous dental experiences. Both the DFS and the questionnaire were self-administered. Association was tested using descriptive, bivariate and multivariate linear regression analysis, with a 5% significance level. Dentistry undergraduates reported lower scores than psychology (p < 0.001) and mathematics undergraduates (p < 0.05) for all three dimensions of the DFS. Negative dental experiences in childhood was associated with dimensions of ...
Past research shows that children from low-income families and children who lack health insurance have a lower chance of receiving the recommended level of dental care and have more unmet dental needs than children who are insured or from higher income families. This study uses data from the 2002 National Survey of Americas Families (NSAF) to explore the relationship between receipt of preventive dental services and type of dental insurance among children from low-income families.. Key Findings:. ...
National AAPD spokesperson Dr. Indru C. Punwani and AAPD members Drs. Kristin Elliot, Mira Albert and Mark Cabana are all included in a story on a childs first dental visit. The story appears in the Health and Wellness section of Hinsdale Magazine, which was posted on November 27.. The AAPD recommends that the child be seen by a pediatric or general dentist at the time the first tooth comes into the mouth, and no later than the childs first birthday, AAPD national spokesperson Dr. Indru Punwani said.. While caries is declining among adults, Punwani said it is definitely an expanding problem among children-especially those at a young age, who suffer from what is termed early childhood caries, or ECC.. Even though there has been a slowing down of tooth decay in adults due to fluoridation, dental caries in the young child-especially the pre-school child-continues to increase, he said. ECC has been reported to ...
Healthplex is one of the largest dental insurance providers in the state of NY. Healthplex has Dental Insurance and Dental Discount plans for Individuals and Groups of all sizes. We also have a Dental Discount Implant Program for our existing dental insurance customers.
What to expect during your first dental visit to Signature Dental of Bucks County, your local resource for dental care information.
When exactly should the first dental visit happen? Find out the answer to this question and make your childs first trip to the dentist fun and rewarding.
What to expect during your first dental visit to Cosmetic and Reconstructive Dentistry, your local resource for dental care information.
Delta Dental Insurance Company. The Delta Dental PPO plan (Contract 1230) is underwritten by Delta Dental Insurance Company in FL, MD, NY, PA and TN and by Dentegra Insurance Company in AZ, CA and CO. The DeltaCare USA plan (Contract 76777) is underwritten by Alpha Dental of Arizona, Inc. in AZ, by Alpha Dental Programs, Inc. in MD, by Delta Dental Insurance Company in FL and TN, by Delta Dental of California in CA, by Delta Dental of New York, Inc. in NY, by Delta Dental of Pennsylvania in PA, and by Dentegra Insurance Company in CO. The plans are administered by Delta Dental Insurance Company. These companies are financially responsible ...
Dental Insurance vs. Discounted Dental Plans. Oral health and maintenance of the same is a very important part of a healthy lifestyle. Prevention and correction of dental problems on time is essential to stem the damage to one of the most important organs of the human body. Many people do not realize the importance of maintaining their oral health. Most Americans who do are without effective dental coverage. This is mainly due to cutting costs by major businesses effecting employee dental benefits. People who are used to regular maintenance of dental health are looking at options where they can get dental benefits. One main question on their minds today is "How benefits differ between Dental Insurance and Discount ...
Dental fear (also called odontophobia, dentophobia, dental phobia, and dental anxiety) is the fear of dentistry and of receiving dental care. However, it has been suggested that use of the term dental phobia should not be used for people who do not feel that their fears are excessive or unreasonable, and instead resemble individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder, caused by previous traumatic dental experiences. It is estimated that as many as 75% of US adults experience some degree of dental fear, from mild to severe. Approximately 5 to 10 percent of U.S. adults are considered to experience dental phobia; that is, they are so fearful of receiving dental treatment that ...
Pregnancy is an exciting time. It is also a crucially important time for the unborn childs oral and overall health. The "perinatal" period begins approximately 20-28 weeks into the pregnancy, and ends 1-4 weeks after the infant is born. With so much to do to prepare for the new arrival, a dental checkup is often the last thing on an expectant mothers mind.. Research shows, however, that there are links between maternal periodontal disease (gum disease) and premature babies, babies with low birth weight, maternal preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. It is of paramount importance therefore, for mothers to maintain excellent oral health throughout the entire pregnancy.. Why are perinatal dental checkups important?. Maternal cariogenic bacteria is linked with a wide range of adverse outcomes for infants and young children. For this reason, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) advises expectant ...
Objectives: Longitudinal studies considering social disparities in the utilization of dental services are scarce. Repeated measures should be accounted for by the use of appropriate statistical methods. The purpose of this study was first to describe the patterns of less frequent dental attendance (less than once a year) over time from the age of 65-70 in Norwegian and Swedish 1942 cohorts. Second, this study estimated the influence of predisposing, enabling and need-related social predictors using marginal model with robust variance estimators and random intercept model, RIM, to account for the clustered structure of the repeated observations. Third, the study aimed to compare the estimates of associations between social predictors and less frequent dental attendance derived from marginal and random intercept models.. Methods: In 2007 and 2012, all residents born in 1942 in selected counties of Norway and ...
METHODS: Statewide Medicaid claims data were used to draw a random sample of children who received their FDV prior to six years old at a FQHC, were Medicaid-enrolled within the first two months of life, and remained continuously enrolled over the study period. Forty children from each of five FQHCs had their dental charts abstracted and merged with other Medicaid records and birth certificate data. The logarithmic age at FDV was regressed against several predictor variables ...
While some aspects of regular dental visits are much the same for everyone, they can be more involved for an older adult. Thats because people later in life face an increased risk of dental disease and other age-related issues.. If youre a caregiver for an older adult, youll want to be aware of these heightened risks. Here are 4 areas of concern we may check during their next regular dental visit.. Oral cancer. While it can occur at any age, cancer is more prevalent among older adults. Although rarer than other cancers, oral cancers survival rate is a dismal 50% after five years. This is because the disease is difficult to detect early or is misidentified as other conditions. To increase the odds of early detection (and better survival chances) we may perform a cancer screening during the visit.. Dental disease. The risks for tooth decay and ...
Regular patient or havent been in years? Now is the time to schedule a routine dental checkup. Affordable dental services can transform your smile
The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) suggests that parents should make an initial "well-baby" appointment with a pediatric dentist approximately six months after the emergence of the first tooth, or no later than the childs first birthday.. Although this may seem surprisingly early, the incidence of infant and toddler tooth decay has been rising in recent years. Tooth decay and early cavities can be exceptionally painful if they are not attended to immediately, and can also set the scene for poor oral health in later childhood.. The pediatric dentist is a specialist in child psychology and child behavior, and should be viewed as an important source of information, help, and guidance. Oftentimes, the pediatric dentist can provide strategies for eliminating unwanted oral habits (for example, pacifier use and thumb sucking) and can also help parents in establishing a sound daily oral routine for the child.. What potential dental problems can babies experience?. A ...
The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) suggests that parents should make an initial "well-baby" appointment with a pediatric dentist approximately six months after the emergence of the first tooth, or no later than the childs first birthday.. Although this may seem surprisingly early, the incidence of infant and toddler tooth decay has been rising in recent years. Tooth decay and early cavities can be exceptionally painful if they are not attended to immediately, and can also set the scene for poor oral health in later childhood.. The pediatric dentist is a specialist in child psychology and child behavior, and should be viewed as an important source of information, help, and guidance. Oftentimes, the pediatric dentist can provide strategies for eliminating unwanted oral habits (for example, pacifier use and thumb sucking) and can also help parents in establishing a sound daily oral routine for the child.. What potential dental problems can babies experience?. A ...
Delta Dental Insurance Company. The Delta Dental DPO plan is insured by Delta Dental Insurance Company under Master Policy Form number TX-AMD-MC-DPO-D-DC (DELTAUSA1-2005). The DeltaCare USA dental HMO (DHMO) Plan (Contract 76777) is underwritten by Alpha Dental Programs, Inc. The plans are administered by Delta Dental Insurance Company. These companies are financially responsible for their own products.. AARP endorses the AARP Dental Insurance Plan, administered by Delta Dental Insurance Company. Delta Dental Insurance Company pays royalty fees to AARP for use of its intellectual property. These fees are used for the general purposes of AARP. AARP and its affiliates are not ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Specific Caries Index. T2 - A new system for describing untreated dental caries experience in developing countries. AU - Acharya, Shashidhar. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - Objectives: To develop a reproducible surface-specific caries index that provided qualitative and quantitative information about untreated dental caries, that could be used in conjunction with the DMFS index and would provide information on not only the caries prevalence but also the location and type of caries lesion in an individual based on clinical examination. Methods: Untreated carious lesions were divided into six types based on the location of the lesions.339 rural school children in the age group of 12-15 years were examined for dental caries using both the DMFS index and the Specific Caries Index. Results: Type 1 and 2 were found to be the most common type of caries lesions. ...
More than 40 percent of U.S. children will have tooth decay before the age of five. CHICAGO (Feb. 22, 2010) - Tooth decay is the single most common chronic childhood disease, according to the U.S.