The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.
Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Saint-Denis. It was discovered in 1507 by the Portuguese and claimed by France in 1638. It was first colonized in 1662 as Isle de Bourbon but renamed Reunion in 1793. In 1946 it was made an overseas department of France. The name commemorates the reunion of the revolutionaries from Marseilles with the National Guard in Paris in 1792. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1011; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p454; French Embassy)
A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
A principality in the Pyrenees between France and Spain. Its capital is also called Andorra. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p50)
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
A class of parasitic FUNGI. Characteristics include spores that are spherical, oval, or tubular in shape and sporoplasm which is uninuclear or binuclear.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
A country in northern Africa between ALGERIA and LIBYA. Its capital is Tunis.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
A superfamily of parasitic nematodes which includes three genera: Thelazia, Spirocerca, and GNATHOSTOMA. Only Thelazia and GNATHOSTOMA occasionally occur in man.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
An order of insect eating MAMMALS including MOLES; SHREWS; HEDGEHOGS and tenrecs.
A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.
A group of four British islands and several islets in the English Channel off the coast of France. They are known to have been occupied prehistorically. They were a part of Normandy in 933 but were united to the British crown at the time of the Norman Conquest in 1066. Guernsey and Jersey originated noted breeds of cattle. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p242)
A subgenus of Salmonella containing several medically important serotypes. The habitat for the majority of strains is warm-blooded animals.
Common name for an extinct species of the Homo genus. Fossils have been found in Europe and Asia. Genetic evidence suggests that limited interbreeding with modern HUMANS (Homo sapiens) took place.
Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
A genus of oysters in the family OSTREIDAE, class BIVALVIA.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, the islands of Great Comoro, Anjouan, Mayotte, and Moheli, lying between northeast Mozambique and northwest Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. In 1914 they became a colony attached to Madagascar administratively and were made a French overseas territory in 1947. Except for Mayotte which remained French, Comoros became an independent republic in 1975. Comoros represents the Arabic qamar, moon, said by some scholars to be linked with the mystical Mountains of the Moon said to be somewhere in equatorial Africa. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p283 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p122)
The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A basidiomycetous fungal genus of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales, which includes the field mushroom (A. campestris) and the commercial mushroom (A. bisporus).
A positive-stranded RNA virus species in the genus HEPEVIRUS, causing enterically-transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis (HEPATITIS E).
The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.
Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.
A yellowish fossil resin, the gum of several species of coniferous trees, found in the alluvial deposits of northeastern Germany. It is used in molecular biology in the analysis of organic matter fossilized in amber.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Acute INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans; caused by HEPATITIS E VIRUS, a non-enveloped single-stranded RNA virus. Similar to HEPATITIS A, its incubation period is 15-60 days and is enterically transmitted, usually by fecal-oral transmission.
Colorless, endogenous or exogenous pigment precursors that may be transformed by biological mechanisms into colored compounds; used in biochemical assays and in diagnosis as indicators, especially in the form of enzyme substrates. Synonym: chromogens (not to be confused with pigment-synthesizing bacteria also called chromogens).
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
Infections with nematodes of the order SPIRURIDA.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Care of the newborn infant in a crib near the mother's bed, instead of in a nursery, during the hospital stay.
Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Eating other individuals of one's own species.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The exchange of students or professional personnel between countries done under the auspices of an organization for the purpose of further education.
Infections with bacteria of the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
The genus Lepus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Hares are born above ground, fully furred, and with their eyes and ears open. In contrast with RABBITS, hares have 24 chromosome pairs.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.
A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
Deaths that occur before LIFE EXPECTANCY is reached within a given population.
Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.
A return to earlier, especially to infantile, patterns of thought or behavior, or stage of functioning, e.g., feelings of helplessness and dependency in a patient with a serious physical illness. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994).
Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A disease caused by potent protein NEUROTOXINS produced by CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM which interfere with the presynaptic release of ACETYLCHOLINE at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Clinical features include abdominal pain, vomiting, acute PARALYSIS (including respiratory paralysis), blurred vision, and DIPLOPIA. Botulism may be classified into several subtypes (e.g., food-borne, infant, wound, and others). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1208)
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, processing of irradiated reactor fuels, and related operations, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry, and medicine. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A family of flukes of the class Trematoda found in the intestinal tract and liver of animals and man. Some of the genera are Homalagaster, Gastrodiscus, Paramphistomum, Watsonius, Nilocotyle, Gigantocotyle, Gastrothylax, Macropotrema, Ceylonocotyle, Zygocotyle, Cotylophoron, and Calicophoron.
A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.
The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)
A genus of softbacked TICKS in the family ARGASIDAE. Most infect birds or bats but a few parasitize terrestrial mammals.
Poisoning from toxins present in bivalve mollusks that have been ingested. Four distinct types of shellfish poisoning are recognized based on the toxin involved.
A family of marine mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, commonly known as oysters. They have a rough irregular shell closed by a single adductor muscle.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A system of therapeutics founded by Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), based on the Law of Similars where "like cures like". Diseases are treated by highly diluted substances that cause, in healthy persons, symptoms like those of the disease to be treated.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the duodenum.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.
A plant genus of the family HIPPOCASTANACEAE (or SAPINDACEAE by some) that contains antimicrobial protein 1 and escin. A. hippocastanum is used in folk medicine for treating chronic venous insufficiency.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE known for the edible fruit.
Technique that utilizes low-stringency polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification with single primers of arbitrary sequence to generate strain-specific arrays of anonymous DNA fragments. RAPD technique may be used to determine taxonomic identity, assess kinship relationships, analyze mixed genome samples, and create specific probes.
An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Tandem arrays of moderately repetitive, short (10-60 bases) DNA sequences which are found dispersed throughout the GENOME, at the ends of chromosomes (TELOMERES), and clustered near telomeres. Their degree of repetition is two to several hundred at each locus. Loci number in the thousands but each locus shows a distinctive repeat unit.
A genus of oysters in the family OSTREIDAE, which includes the edible true oyster, Ostrea edulis.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
The prevention of infection or disease following exposure to a pathogen.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)
A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
A syndrome that is associated with microvascular diseases of the KIDNEY, such as RENAL CORTICAL NECROSIS. It is characterized by hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC); THROMBOCYTOPENIA; and ACUTE RENAL FAILURE.
Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A family of bacteria which inhabit RED BLOOD CELLS and cause several animal diseases.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.

An overview of the evolution of overproduced esterases in the mosquito Culex pipiens. (1/5239)

Insecticide resistance genes have developed in a wide variety of insects in response to heavy chemical application. Few of these examples of adaptation in response to rapid environmental change have been studied both at the population level and at the gene level. One of these is the evolution of the overproduced esterases that are involved in resistance to organophosphate insecticides in the mosquito Culex pipiens. At the gene level, two genetic mechanisms are involved in esterase overproduction, namely gene amplification and gene regulation. At the population level, the co-occurrence of the same amplified allele in distinct geographic areas is best explained by the importance of passive transportation at the worldwide scale. The long-term monitoring of a population of mosquitoes in southern France has enabled a detailed study to be made of the evolution of resistance genes on a local scale, and has shown that a resistance gene with a lower cost has replaced a former resistance allele with a higher cost.  (+info)

Is hospital care involved in inequalities in coronary heart disease mortality? Results from the French WHO-MONICA Project in men aged 30-64. (2/5239)

OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess whether possible disparities in coronary heart disease (CHD) management between occupational categories (OC) in men might be observed and contribute to the increasing inequalities in CHD morbidity and mortality reported in France. METHODS: The data from the three registers of the French MONICA Collaborative Centres (MCC-Lille, MCC-Strasbourg, and MCC-Toulouse) were analysed during two period: 1985-87 and 1989-91. Acute myocardial infarctions and coronary deaths concerning men, aged 30-64 years, were included. Non-professionally active and retired men were excluded. Results were adjusted for age and MCC, using a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 605 and 695 events were analysed for 1985-87 and 1989-91, respectively. Out of hospital cardiac arrests, with or without cardiac resuscitation, and 28 day case fatality rates were lower among upper executives in both periods. A coronarography before the acute event had been performed more frequently in men of this category and the proportion of events that could be hospitalised was higher among them. In both periods, the management of acute myocardial infarctions in hospital and prescriptions on discharge were similar among occupational categories. CONCLUSIONS: For patients who could be admitted to hospital, the management was found to be similar among OCs, as was the 28 day case fatality rate among the hospitalised patients. In contrast, lower prognosis and higher probability of being hospitalised after the event among some categories suggest that pre-hospital care and the patient's conditions before the event are the primary factors involved.  (+info)

Incidence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi's sarcoma in the Aquitaine Cohort, France, 1988-1996. Groupe d'Epidemiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine. (3/5239)

OBJECTIVE: To assess secular trends of the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) between 1988 and 1996 in the Aquitaine Cohort of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV1)-infected subjects (southwestern France). METHODS: Adults of both sexes of all HIV-transmission categories were included. We distinguished between incident and prevalent KS and in case of multiple acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) defining illnesses between initial or subsequent KS. Only incident KS were considered for annual incidence rate calculation. RESULTS: Overall, 21.2% (356/1678) of homosexuals and 1.9% (58/3030) of the other patients were diagnosed with KS over time. Although there was a sharp decrease in 1996 for initial KS, the annual incidence rate of KS was stable over time in the overall cohort as well as in homosexuals (4.3% per year on the average for KS as an initial AIDS-defining illness and 2.1% per year for subsequent KS in homosexuals). The median CD4+ cell count at the time of diagnosis of KS was 56 per mm3 (78 for initial KS, 14 for subsequent KS), with no significant variation over time. CONCLUSION: In the Aquitaine Cohort, the annual incidence of KS has remained stable between 1988 and 1995 with a recent decline in 1996, only for initial KS, while case management of HIV-infected subjects changed drastically.  (+info)

The PRIME study: classical risk factors do not explain the severalfold differences in risk of coronary heart disease between France and Northern Ireland. Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction. (4/5239)

We are studying the contribution of risk and genetic factors, and their interaction, to the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and other cardiovascular endpoints. The study is prospective, based in three centres in the south, east and north of France and in Northern Ireland. A total of 10,592 men aged 50-59 years were recruited from 1991 to 1993, and examined for evidence of IHD at baseline. Subjects are followed annually by questionnaire. Clinical information is validated from hospital and GP records. Demographic characteristics were similar in all four centres. Body mass index was highest in Strasbourg (mean 27.4 kg/m2 vs. 26.3 kg/m2 in Toulouse and Belfast), but total cholesterol, triglyceride and fibrinogen were highest in Belfast. In Belfast, 6.1% reported having had a coronary angiogram, compared to 3.0% in Toulouse. Conversely, 13.8% in Toulouse reported taking lipid-lowering drugs vs. 1.6% in Belfast. As predicted, a history of myocardial infarction (MI) was highest in Belfast (6.1%) and lowest in Toulouse (1.2%). Some 7.1% of Belfast men reported a medical diagnosis of angina vs. 1.5% in Toulouse. Subjects showing evidence of pre-existing IHD will be studied prospectively but treated in the analysis as an additional variable. These results provide a measure of reassurance that these cohorts are representative of the communities from which they are drawn and provide a reliable baseline for prospective evaluation and cross-sectional comparisons. The levels of the classical risk factors found in this study, particularly when examined in combination, as multiple logistic functions based on previous British studies, are very similar between centres and cannot explain the large differences in the incidence of IHD which exist. Additional risk factors may help explain, at least in part, the major differences in incidence of IHD between these study centres.  (+info)

Incidence of rectosigmoid adenomatous polyps in subjects without prior colorectal adenoma or cancer: a prospective cohort study. (5/5239)

BACKGROUND: Subjects without known colorectal adenomas or cancer constitute a large majority of the population where 85% of all cases of colorectal cancer are thought to occur. Consequently these people should be considered for screening to decrease mortality from colorectal cancer in the general population. AIMS: To estimate the incidence rate of rectosigmoid adenomas in these subjects. METHODS: Subjects without adenomas or cancer at a previous examination which had visualised the rectosigmoid underwent a fibre endoscopy every three years. Endoscopic data and population characteristics were collected prospectively. RESULTS: A total of 450 subjects fulfilled the selection criteria; 287 (64%) underwent at least two examinations, and 163 had three or more. At the second examination, with a mean delay of 39 months, the incidence rate of rectosigmoid adenomas was 1.50% per patient year. The rate was 1.75% per patient year (95% CI 0.80-3.33) at the third endoscopy with an additional mean delay of 38 months. The cumulative incidence rate at six years was 7.3% (95% CI 4.3-10.3), representing a mean of 1.2% per patient year. This rate increased with age and was higher for men than for women after age adjustment (p< 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence rates are very low compared with those of patients with prior adenomas. These results should be considered in establishing rectosigmoid adenoma screening strategies.  (+info)

Evidence of improving survival of patients with rectal cancer in france: a population based study. (6/5239)

BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years there have been many changes in the management of rectal cancer. Their impact on the overall population is not well known. AIMS: To determine trends in management and prognosis of rectal cancer in two French regions. SUBJECTS: 1978 patients with a rectal carcinoma diagnosed between 1978 and 1993. METHODS: Time trends in treatment, stage at diagnosis, operative mortality, and survival were studied on a four year basis. A non-conditional logistic regression was performed to obtain an odds ratio for each period adjusted for the other variables. To estimate the independent effect of the period a multivariate relative survival analysis was performed. RESULTS: Over the 16 year period resection rates increased from 66.0% to 80.1%; the increase was particularly noticeable for sphincter saving procedures (+30.6% per four years, p=0.03). The percentage of patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy increased from 24.0% to 40.0% (p=0.02). The proportion of patients with Dukes' type A cancer increased from 17. 7% to 30.6% with a corresponding decrease in those with more advanced disease. Operative mortality decreased by 31.1% per four years (p=0.03). All these improvements have resulted in a dramatic increase in relative survival (from 35.4% for the 1978-1981 period to 57.0% for the 1985-1989 period). CONCLUSIONS: Substantial advances in the management of rectal cancer have been achieved, but there is evidence that further improvements can be made in order to increase survival.  (+info)

Faecal occult blood screening and reduction of colorectal cancer mortality: a case-control study. (7/5239)

To estimate the efficacy of screening on colorectal cancer mortality, a population-based case-control study was conducted in well-defined areas of Burgundy (France). Screening by faecal occult blood test prior to diagnosis in cases born between 1914 and 1943 and who died of colorectal cancer diagnosed in 1988-94 was compared with screening in controls matched with the case for age, sex and place of residence. Cases were less likely to have been screened than controls, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.67 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48-0.94]. The negative overall association did not differ by gender or by anatomical location. The odds ratio of death from colorectal cancer was 0.64 (95% CI 0.46-0.91) for those screened within 3 years of case diagnosis compared with those not screened. It was 1.14 (95% CI 0.50-2.63) for those screened more than 3 years before case diagnosis. There was a negative association between the risk of death from colorectal cancer and the number of participations in the screening campaigns. The inverse association between screening for faecal occult blood and fatal colorectal cancer suggests that screening can reduce colorectal cancer mortality. This report further supports recommendations for population-based mass screening with faecal occult blood test.  (+info)

Risk factors for the occurrence of sporadic Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis infections in children in France: a national case-control study. (8/5239)

To determine risk factors associated with the occurrence of sporadic cases of Salmonella enteritidis infections among children in France, we conducted a matched case-control study. Cases were identified between 1 March and 30 September 1995. One hundred and five pairs of cases and controls matched for age and place of residence were interviewed. In the 1-5 years age group, illness was associated with the consumption of raw eggs or undercooked egg-containing foods (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-4.8). Storing eggs more than 2 weeks after purchase was associated with Salmonella enteritidis infection (OR 3.8, 95% CI 1.4-10.2), particularly during the summer period (OR 6.0, 95% CI 1.3-26.8). Cases were more likely to report a case of diarrhoea in the household 10-3 days before the onset of symptoms, particularly in the age group < or = 1 year (P = 0.01). This study confirms the link between eggs and the occurrence of sporadic cases of Salmonella enteritidis among children, highlights the potential role of prolonged egg storage and underlines the role of person-to-person transmission in infants.  (+info)

Here you can find track previews from release The Best of Brittany Asmr by artist Brittany Asmr. This album was released 31.03.2015 and containing 16 tracks. Listen online Brittany Asmr - The Best of Brittany Asmr previews (30 seconds length) is free and dont require registration. For buy album Brittany Asmr - The Best of Brittany Asmr please follow to music stores. If we have other releases and albums Brittany Asmr you can see it on this page. All music content by Brittany Asmr is presented for reference only. ...
Brittany is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who is rostered on the national list of Child Parent Psychotherapy Clinicians, and is Eagala Certified. Brittany grew up in Wellington, FL riding horses from the time she was a young teen, playing polo and trail riding for fun. Throughout school Brittany worked as a tour guide in the mountains of Colorado, while also working with young children in daycares. In 2017 Brittany graduated from The Florida State University with a Master of Social Work, MSW, when she then moved back to Wellington where she began her career in counseling. Brittany has vast experience working with children, families, and individuals helping them to heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. She supports all ages from birth to adulthood- individuals, families, and groups- specializing with trauma, anxiety, depression, adjustment disorders, seperation, reunification, and foster care. Brittany works to continue her education to be able to provide the best care ...
The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French Mastiff breed-and one of the most ancient French dog breeds. A typical brachycephalic molossoid type breed, the Bordeaux is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body. This brawny breed has been put to work in many different capacities, from pulling carts and hauling heavy objects, to guarding flocks and, historically, the castles of the European elite. The Dogue de Bordeaux was known in France as early as the fourteenth century, particularly in southern France in the region around Bordeaux. Hence, the city lent its name to this large dog. A uniform breed type of the Bordeaux Dog did not exist before about 1920. The French placed emphasis on keeping the old breeding line pure. Black masks were considered an indication of the crossing in of the English Mastiff. As an important indication of purity of the breed, attention was paid to the self colored (pink) nose, lighter eye color (dark amber), and red ...
Dijon mustard, despite its name, is mostly manufactured outside the French city of Dijon. Prime. Dijon mustard, brown sugar and wine vinegar are blended into a zesty basting sauce that adds great flavor to baked or grilled chicken and pork. thank you! There are 5 calories in 1 teaspoon (0.2 oz) of Grey Poupon Dijon or Country Dijon Mustard. Today, Grey Poupon is the nations largest-selling Dijon mustard and is available in the original Dijon and Country Dijon styles. Horseradish: Much spicer than Dijon, you can use just a pinch of horseradish as a substitute for Dijon mustard. One teaspoon of Grey Poupon, for example, has only 3 calories. Honey mustard works especially well as a Dijon mustard replacement when used with chicken, pork, or as a salad dressing. Amount of fat in Dijon mustard: How much saturated fat is in Dijon mustard? grey poupon mustard, brown sugar, honey, garlic powder . CALORIC RATIO PYRAMID™ Above: Original 80s commercial for Grey Poupon.An updated version, extended with ...
Leech therapy in plastic/reconstructive microsurgery significantly improves a successful outcome of flap salvage but the drawback is a risk of severe infection that results in a drop of the salvage rates from 70-80% to below 30%. We report the results of a national survey conducted in all the French university hospitals to assess the current extent of use of leech for medical practices in the hospital and to investigate maintenance, delivery practices and prevention of the risk of infection. Data concerning conditions of storage, leech external decontamination, microbiological controls, mode of delivery and antibiotic prophylaxis were collected from all the French university hospitals in practicing leech therapy, on the basis of a standardized questionnaire. Twenty-eight of the 32 centers contacted filled the questionnaire, among which 23 practiced leech therapy, mostly with a centralized storage in the pharmacy; 39.1% of the centers declared to perform leech external decontamination and only 2 centers
The wine was introduced to the Bordeaux region by the Romans, probably in the mid-1st century, to provide wine for local consumption, and wine production has been continuous in the region since then.[3] In the 12th century, the popularity of Bordeaux wines in England increased dramatically following the marriage of Henry Plantagenet and Eleanor of Aquitaine.[4] The marriage made the province of Aquitaine part of the Angevin Empire, and thenceforth the wine of Bordeaux was exported to England.[4] At this time, Graves was the principal wine region of Bordeaux, and the principal style was clairet. This accounts for the ubiquity of claret in England, though this is now used to refer to all red wine rather than the clairet style specifically. The export of Bordeaux was interrupted by the outbreak of the Hundred Years War between France and England in 1337.[4] By the end of the conflict in 1453 France had repossessed the province, thus taking control of wine production in the region.[4] As part of ...
Many will remember Brittany Murphy from her tragic death, and the equally shocking passing of her husband not long after in similar circumstances. Still, fans of Brittany Murphy know that the actress also left behind a different kind of legacy-a resume of movies that touched and amused audiences even if her career was not yet fully developed. Brittanys family name is Bertolotti, a clear reference to her Italian heritage, something she never made a big fuss about.. Brittany Murphys breakthrough role was in the 1995 teenage classic Clueless, which also starred Alicia Silverstone and Paul Rudd. Murphy played the ugly duckling new girl that turns into a swan under Silverstones tutelage. The actress looks and image were very different from what they would eventually become. After several forgettable films Brittany was cast opposite Angelina Jolie in 1999s critically acclaimed Girl, Interrupted, but it wasnt until 2002 that Murphy really came into her own, after starring opposite Eminem in 8 ...
Book Hotel de Bordeaux, Toulouse on TripAdvisor: See 18 traveler reviews, 41 candid photos, and great deals for Hotel de Bordeaux, ranked #69 of 130 hotels in Toulouse and rated 3.5 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
The Permian odonatopteran Protanisoptera are discovered for the first time in the playa palaeoenvironments of Gonfaron and Lodève (Southern France). The new genus and species Bansheepteron gonfaronensis is erected and described on the basis of a distal half of a wing from the Guadalupian of Gonfaron. It is compared with all the previously described protanisopterans. Another specimen consisting of a basal half of a wing from the Guadalupian of Lodève, attributed to cf. Bansheepteron gonfaronensis, is also described. Furthermore, three new panorthopteran Caloneurodea are described from the Early to Middle Permian (Cisuralian and Guadalupian) of Southern France, viz. Gallogramma galadrieli gen. et sp. nov. from the le Luc Basin (Gonfaron, Var), and Paleuthygramma cf. acuta Carpenter, 1943 from the Lodève Basin (Hérault). These new fossils increase the palaeodiversity of the Caloneurodea, an interesting clade which now gathers six species in the red Permian of the Southern France, making it one ...
Brittany has the same education system as the rest of France. As in other French regions, formal education before the 19th century was the preserve of the elite. Before 1460, Brittany did not have a university, and Breton students had to go to Angers, Poitiers or Caen. The University of Nantes was founded under the duke Francis II, who wanted to affirm the Breton independence from France. All the traditional disciplines were taught there: arts, theology, law and medicine. During the 17th century, it had around 1,500 students. It declined during the 18th century, mostly because Nantes was flourishing with the Atlantic slave trade and paid no attention to its cultural institutions. A mayor eventually asked the university to be relocated to Rennes, more devoted to culture and science, and the faculties progressively moved there after 1735.[40] The transfer was interrupted by the French Revolution, and all the French universities were dissolved in 1793. Napoleon reorganised the French education ...
Brittany has the same education system as the rest of France. As in other French regions, formal education before the 19th century was the preserve of the elite. Before 1460, Brittany did not have a university, and Breton students had to go to Angers, Poitiers or Caen. The University of Nantes was founded under the duke Francis II, who wanted to affirm the Breton independence from France. All the traditional disciplines were taught there: arts, theology, law and medicine. During the 17th century, it had around 1,500 students. It declined during the 18th century, mostly because Nantes was flourishing with the Atlantic slave trade and paid no attention to its cultural institutions. A mayor eventually asked the university to be relocated to Rennes, more devoted to culture and science, and the faculties progressively moved there after 1735.[41] The transfer was interrupted by the French Revolution, and all the French universities were dissolved in 1793.. Napoleon reorganised the French education ...
Country of Origin: The Brittany (also accepted as the American Brittany, Brittany Spaniel, and Epagneul Breton) originated in the Brittany arena of France in the 1800s from crosses of the English Setter and baby Spaniels. It is a accomplished bird hunter with accomplished scenting abilities. The Brittanys pointing and retrieving abilities and top akin of accordance fabricated it accepted a allotment of hunters, decidedly poachers. Brittanys were aboriginal alien to North America in the 1920s and accustomed by the American Kennel Club in 1934 (the registered name was afflicted from Brittany Spaniel to Brittany in 1982, out of acceptance of its added setter-like hunting style), but took a while to bolt on acceptance due to the absence of a continued tail. The Brittany has boring risen in acceptance due to its baby size, amenable personality, and accomplished hunting skills. It is today the a lot of accepted arrow in acreage trials ...
London Ontario Maternity Photographer | BrittanyI finally got this gorgeous woman behind my camera and boy was it magical!! Brittany is the talent behind Make-up By Brittany. I am just in awe of her work! I absolutely love her instagram feed! Its full of goodness.Brittany and Kennedy were…
London Ontario Maternity Photographer | BrittanyI finally got this gorgeous woman behind my camera and boy was it magical!! Brittany is the talent behind Make-up By Brittany. I am just in awe of her work! I absolutely love her instagram feed! Its full of goodness.Brittany and Kennedy were…
Brittany Travel information - information on currency, travel health and safety in Brittany, social customs and business etiquette, communications, duty-free, entry and visa requirements and other essential travel information.
Brittany is a dietitian, writer, and adventurer. With experience in wellness consulting, acute care nutrition, as well as geriatric and end-of-life nourishment, Brittany has honed a simple food philosophy for all:Eat real food, slowly, with good people.Outside of the nine to five job as a registered dietitian, Brittany enjoys exploring the mountains of Colorado with her husky puppy, Nieve. Follow their adventures here.
Brittany Heard is a Certified Financial Planner who helps Foster Group clients define and pursue their financial goals. Brittany joined Foster Group in 2014, and has enjoyed helping clients make small changes that are intended to benefit them long-term. Brittany works with both families and individuals and has a heart for helping women become more confident in their financial futures. She specializes in working with widows and divorcees. Foster Group is registered as an investment adviser and only transacts business in states where it is properly registered, or is excluded or exempted from registration requirements. SEC registration does not constitute an endorsement of the firm by the Commission nor does it indicate that the adviser has attained a particular level of skill or ability.. ...
Toulouse has been selected to host the 6th Global Forum on Tuberculosis Vaccines from April 20 to 22, 2021, following the French application carried by our laboratory and very strongly supported by the CNRS (French National Center for Scientific Research).. In line with with Frances policy for a global health, this Forum will take place under the High Patronage of the President of the Republic and the patronage of the Ministry for Solidarity and Health, and benefits from the support of the Ministry for Higher Education, Research and Innovation. Toulouses application for France has received the support of a large number of partners, including local institutions (Occitania Region, Department of Haute-Garonne, Toulouse-Métropole, Toulouse Federal University, Toulouse University Hospital), research institutions and partnerships (CNRS, Inserm, Institut Pasteur, AVIESAN, ANRS, EDCTP), learning societies, foundations and private entities.. The Forum represents a unique opportunity for France to ...
Nouvelle ministre de lEnseignement supérieur, de la recherche et de linnovation, Frédérique Vidal consacre ce lundi sa première visite à lUniversité de Bordeaux.. + Bordeaux Neurocampus news: Madame Frédérique Vidal sur le site Bordeaux Neurocampus - La nouvelle ministre de lenseignement supérieure et de la recherche rencontre les neuroscientifiques. ...
Toulouse [] is a city in southwestern France, near the Pyrenees, in the Midi-Pyrenees region, half way between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Toulouse is the fourth largest city in France, after Paris, Marseille and Lyon. thumb|300px|right|Capitole, Toulouse, France
Book your stay at Courtyard Toulouse Airport. Our 4-star hotel in Toulouse, France, offers free Wi-Fi, on-site dining and a complimentary airport shuttle.
Is the Dogue De Bordeaux the right dog breed for you? Information on the Dogue De Bordeaux including breed size, colours, temperament, health, pet insurance & more.
Live weather in Bordeaux. The latest and todays weather in Bordeaux, France updated regularly. Weather map for resorts in Bordeaux.
Put Bordeaux at the top of your travel bucket list, here are our top 5 reasons to travel to Bordeaux. THE WINE!For centuries France has been a hub of viticulture and wine winemaking. Bordeaux is the largest wine making region in France, both in terms of volume and quality. It is most famous for its prestigious… Read More». ...
Bordeaux Vintage 313 75 NG-750ml-Corcho-STD-185 / Glass bottles - Bordeaux wine | Juvasa offers you the best prices for a wide range of glass containers such bottles
All about visiting Bordeaux: when to go to Bordeaux, weather, transportation, administrative formalities… Your trip to Bordeaux with Air France.
Hotel ibis Bordeaux Centre Gare Saint Jean Euratlantique, Bordeaux: Family hotel with free WiFi and a bar/lounge. Located near the boardwalk.
Current local time in France - Nouvelle-Aquitaine - Bordeaux. Get Bordeauxs weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Explore Bordeauxs sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset.
Bordeaux is a city found in Aquitaine, France. It is located 44.84 latitude and -0.58 longitude and it is situated at 20 meters above sea level
Brittany Murphys Full Autopsy Report Revealed: New Details On Her Drug Use The Los Angeles Coroners Office released the full autopsy report for Brittany Murphy on Thursday, which revealed new details surrounding her death and drug use. has all the details. The papers gave a rundown of the prescription drugs Murphy had at…
The Brittany is an athletic and sturdily built dog of medium size. The ears are short and triangular, lying flat against the skull, which is rounded and medium length. The face is intelligent and expressive, with eyes of various shades of amber or hazel. The dogs frame is strong and leggy, with the dogs height at its shoulders equal to its length. The tail is naturally short but is generally docked to a length of about four inches. The coat is dense and either flat or wavy with some feathering on the ears and legs. The dogs coloring is typically orange and white or liver and white in clear or roan patterns, with some dogs displaying a tri-color pattern; freckles are also common. This breed is still commonly referred to as the Brittany Spaniel, despite the AKCs official removal of Spaniel from the breed name in 1982 (read more about this in the history section ...
Dr. Ray McKinley and Dr. Brittany McKinley-Holloway provide their patients exceptional cosmetic dentistry, dental implants, general dentistry and so much more. They are happy to be able to provide laughing gas or oral conscious sedation to the patients that request it for their dental procedures. Patients come from all over Macomb County and the surrounding areas including the communities of Shelby Charter Township, Macomb, Washington Township, Sterling Heights, Utica, Clinton Township and Lakeside, MI, and zip codes 48038, 48042, 48044, 48315 and 48316.. Copyright 2020 © Ray McKinley DDS & Brittany McKinley-Holloway DDS. All rights reserved. , Privacy Policy ...
My Next Puppy has Brittany puppies for sale! Interested in finding out more about the Brittany? Check out our breed information page!
This article examines the lovable and courageous Brittany Spaniel (also known as the Brittany). It provides an in-depth analysis of the dogs behavioral patterns, personality traits, and general characteristics.
Brittany Cheyenne Fowler, lost her life unexpectedly from a brain bleed du… Arielle Fowler needs your support for In Loving Memory of Brittany Cheyenne Fowler
Get locations, reviews, appointment, coupons, news from Lissac LCD Optic Franchisé indépendant at 40 r Jean macé Brest,Brittany 29200. 02 98 46 78 19
This website contains a list of pharmacies in Bordeaux. Here you can browse a large number of categories and find Pharmacies in Bordeaux suitable for you in France.
Toulouse [] is a city in southwestern France, near the Pyrenees, in the Midi-Pyrenees region, half way between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Toulouse is the fourth largest city in France, after Paris, Marseille and Lyon.
Gandais, V.; Marchandise, P., 1992: Behaviour of micropollutants in soils amended with river cleaning out sludge in northern France
Book best deals on Ibis Styles Toulouse Centre Gare in Toulouse with, where real guest reviews, high definition up-to-date hotel photos and the like can be checked. Find great deals on hotels for your trip to Toulouse.
Syarat dan ketentuan - Bunga untuk Toulouse, menawarkan sama hari pengiriman bunga untuk Toulouse, dengan harga yang sangat rendah. Kami menawarkan karangan bunga dari 55.00 EUR | 64.32 USD | 47.23 GBP dengan sama hari pengiriman.
In the face of Covid-19 Upsa is one of the major pharmaceutical companies producing paracetamol in France (brand name: Efferalgan, Dafalgan). Paracetamol is recognized as the main over-the-counter treatment for symptoms of Covid-19, that is being recommended by the French health authorities.
Groupe de recherche NanoSystèmes Analytiques de lInstitut des Sciences Moléculaires (Université de Bordeaux) - Cellule de Transfert Technologique BrivaTech NanoSystems for Analytics research group at Institute of Molecular Sciences (University of Bordeaux) - BrivaTech technology transfer unit
Groupe de recherche NanoSystèmes Analytiques de lInstitut des Sciences Moléculaires (Université de Bordeaux) - Cellule de Transfert Technologique BrivaTech NanoSystems for Analytics research group at Institute of Molecular Sciences (University of Bordeaux) - BrivaTech technology transfer unit
National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National Research Agency ; French National ...
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Epidermal necrolysis (EN) encompasses Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS, | 10% of the skin affected), Lyell syndrome (toxic epidermal necrolysis, TEN, with ≥30% of the skin affected) and an overlap syndrome (10 to 29% of the skin affected). These rare diseases are caused, in 85% of cases, by pharmacological treatments, with symptoms occurring 4 to 28 days after treatment initiation. Mortality is 20 to 25% during the acute phase, and almost all patients display disabling sequelae (mostly ocular impairment and psychological distress). The objective of this French national diagnosis and care protocol (protocole national de diagnostic et de soins; PNDS), based on a critical literature review and on a multidisciplinary expert consensus, is to provide health professionals with an explanation of the optimal management and care of patients with EN. This PNDS, written by the French National Reference Center for Toxic Bullous Dermatoses was updated in 2017 (
Bordeaux is defined in most peoples minds by the classed growths of the Médoc - the 4%. But this is a big region, with a lot of vineyards. And many of the growers in the region have struggled with low prices for their wines. One such struggling estate was Château Surain, in the village of Saint-Gervais, with vineyards that are classified AOC Bordeaux. It has been a family estate for 100 years, and the founder Roger Surain grew it from a single hectare in 1920 to 15 hectares, the size it is today. In 2014 the estate was close to bankruptcy, and the owners young nephew, Adrien, started helping out from afar in 2015. In 2018, Adrien moved back to Bordeaux and became the fourth generation to run the property.. He decided that the best way forwards was to change the sales model completely. Rather than package the wines in a traditional way, he chose to make wines and label them in a way to appeal to a broader consumer base. This approach has been a success. ...
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Mugshot 184500064 - Brittany Renee Sugar - (001) Count of DANGEROUS DRUG-POSS/USE, (001) Count of NARCOTIC DRUG-POSSESS/USE, (001) Count of DRUG PARAPHERNALIA-POSSESS/USE, (001) Count of DRUG PARAPHERNALIA VIOLATION - Arizona, Maricopa County, AZ
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Lichenology in Luxembourg and Belgium started in the early XIXth century, but it was especially towards the end of that century that national floras and checklists became available. After 1900, the lichenological exploration dramatically declined in these two countries, and it is only since the beginning of the sixties that, through the work of Prof. Jacques Lambinon, a new era of lichenology started. It is also during that time that Belgian lichenologists started exploring the neighbouring areas of northern France, which are therefore included within the scope of the present checklist. Since the early eighties, we have attempted to fill the gap by preparing a detailed inventory of crustose lichens, as well as of lichenicolous fungi which, although not lichenized, have traditionally been studied by lichenologists. Nowadays, the total number of accepted species almost reaches 1250, more than twice the number of previously published taxa. Nevertheless, no doubt this number will continue to ...
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Information on the exposure of individual persons to radiofrequency (RF) fields is scarce, although such data are crucial in order to develop a suitable exposure assessment method, and frame the hypothesis and design of future epidemiological studies. The main goal of this survey is to assess individual RF exposure on a population basis, while clarifying the relative contribution of different sources to the total exposure. A total of 377 randomly selected people were analyzed. Each participant was supplied with a personal exposure meter for 24-hour measurements (weekday), and kept a time-location-activity diary. Electric field strengths were recorded in 12 different RF bands every 13s. Summary statistics were calculated with the robust regression on order statistics method. Most of the time, recorded field strengths were not detectable with the exposure meter. Total field, cordless phones, WiFi-microwave, and FM transmitters stood apart with a proportion above the detection threshold of 46.6%, 17.2%, 14
Authors:. John Refait1, Julie Macey1,2,3, Stephanie Bui1, Michaël Fayon1,2,3, Patrick Berger1,2,3, Laurence Delhaes1,2,3, François Laurent1,2,3, Gaël Dournes1,2,3. Affiliations:. 1CHU de Bordeaux, Service dImagerie Thoracique et Cardiovasculaire, Service des Maladies Respiratoires, Service dExploration Fonctionnelle Respiratoire, Unité de Pneumologie pédiatrique, Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, CIC 1401, F-33600 Pessac, France. 2Univ. Bordeaux, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, CIC 1401, F-33000 Bordeaux, France. 3Inserm, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, CIC 1401, F-33000 Bordeaux, France. What was your research question?. The goal of our study was to compare hyperattenuating mucus versus conventional CT signs to diagnose allergic broncho-pulmonary aspergillosis in cystic fibrosis.. Why is this important?. Allergic broncho-pulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an inflammatory disease of airways related to an allergic reaction directed ...
Best Western Premier Hotel Corsica, Calvi - Trova la migliore offerta su Confronta tutti i migliori siti di viaggio in una sola ricerca.Scopri Tenuta della Punta di Revellata Calvi con La Guida Verde Michelin. Tenuta della Punta di Revellata - sito turistico Calvi.. Corsica,hotel corsica, location corsica,residence Corsica Corsica,hotel, in Italiano, English. Corsica holidays guide - corsica vacanze - corsica hotel corsica.Best Western Hotel Corsica a Calvi, nei pressi dellaeroporto,. Hotel Revellata a Calvi dista pochi minuti da Chiesa di Ste-Marie-Majeure e Porto di Calvi.Cruising Corsica: Corsica is very different from Sardinia: the geography, the language and the food. A startling contrast with Sardinia is also the pleasant joie.Le Grand Hotel - Le Grand offre 55 camere con una vista sbalorditiva sulla terrazza. Le maggiori attrazioni di Calvi, come ad esempio Monte Cinto, DIVING CALVI A ...
Background: Studies conducted in the UK and Scandinavia show an inverse association between lifetime socioeconomic position and adult mortality. However, there are virtually no data from other countries and few investigations have examined non-cardiovascular mortality in men and women.. Methods: Lifelong socioeconomic trajectories (fathers occupation, own occupation in young adulthood and in mid-life) and premature (⩽65 years) mortality (all-cause, smoking-related cancer, diseases of the circulatory system and external causes) in the French GAZEL Cohort Study (14 972 men and 5598 women, followed up between 1990 and 2004) were studied. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using Coxs regression models adjusted for age, marital status, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index, and fruit and vegetable consumption.. Results: Men and women who experienced lifelong disadvantage or downward intergenerational mobility were at high risk of dying prematurely compared with those with a ...
Located in Marseille, Southern France, our center is specialized in gynaecological cancer surgery: breast, vulva, ovary and endometrial cancer.
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In the last 20 years, substantial improvements have been made in the diagnosis, treatment and management of patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Few data on causes of death are available since those improvements were made. Our study assessed the causes of death among French patients with PWS over the first 11 years of experience of the nationwide French Reference Center for PWS (FRC-PWS). Our study relied on two sources of mortality information at national level between 2004 and 2014: The French Epidemiological Centre for the Medical Causes of Death (CépiDc) Registry and the FRC-PWS database. Causes of death were classified into seven categories: respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, severe infection, sudden death, other causes, and unknown. Descriptive statistics were calculated separately for children (| 18 years-old) and adults (≥18 years-old). One hundred and four deaths were identified in France from 2004 to 2014. The median age at death was 30 years, ranging from less than 1
On the trail of the First World War:Post-war reconstruction - Lille War Memorial. Find maps, a selection of quality accommodation and restaurants, places of interest and practical information near LILLE.
Ce mini carré de savon de Marseille vous apporte douceur, fraicheur et sensualité avec son parfum rose, la fleur de lamour! Il est parfait pour toute la famille comme pour vos invités.. Il est fabriqué sur une base 100% végétale et de façon artisanale dans nos ateliers nichés entre les Alpilles et le Luberon, en plein cœur de la Provence. Ce mini carré de savon de Marseille est enrichi en beurre de karité pour une formule onctueuse et respectueuse des peaux dites réactives.. Les colorants utilisés sont des pigments minéraux ou alimentaires. Nos huiles sont 100% végétales. Nos savons de Marseille ne contiennent pas de graisses animales, de paraben, de tensio-actifs et ils ne sont pas testés sur les animaux.. Poids : 25 gr. ...
The Department of Entomology at the University of California, Davis is world renowned for its quality research, education and public service. Its faculty and alumni are internationally recognized. It is the home of the Bohart Museum of Entomology, the Harry H. Laidlaw Jr. Honey Bee Research Facility, and mosquito and dengue research programs.,Brittany Nelms, who received her doctorate in entomology from UC Davis last December, studying with major professor William Reisen, has published research on Culex mosquitoes-part of her dissertation--in the March edition of the Journal of Medical Entomology. Her work is titled
Health Articles - Whats Harming Your Brain? - Back to Health Chiropractic - Dr. Brian Cotter, Dr. Vito Giacalone, Dr. Brittany Falcone are chiropractors in Worcester MA providing chiropractic care using The 100 Year Lifestyle health care philosophy. Phone: 508-752-7521
Purchasing one dog crate to last throughout its lifetime is better than getting multiple ones. Some crates come with dividers that can be inserted during your Brittanys early months and years and taken out once your pet grows larger. These crates are useful for toilet training, security, and transportation.. Gunner Kennels is a one-stop shop for some of the best long-term crates. You certainly wont have to buy more than one of these in your dogs lifetime. These heavy-duty double-wall kennels have been known to withstand car crashes and interior damage from bites or scratches.. Transportation on airlines or over land will be a breeze, as the G1 kennels feature security mechanisms that even the smartest pooches wont be able to figure out. The G1 Intermediate is recommended for your Brittany to give it more room to move around inside. It costs about $500 which is quite steep in comparison to a regular crate you could buy from a pet store, but itll more than pay itself back in the long ...
Brittany Maynard urges palliative care specialist Ira Byock&nbsp;to stop misrepresenting her case prior to his debate with Compassion & ...
PedigreePoint Scripts Copyright 2004-2020 Wild Systems All Rights Reserved. Visit Scripts customised by Kris Willison and John Cottrell. There are no guarantees made as to the accuracy of the data published at this site. Use of web harvester robots or any other means of copying the contents of this page, in whole or in part, for any commercial purpose is expressly prohibited. Your IP address is:; . This online database is hosted by Brittany Club of GB. Copyright 2013 -2021 ...
PedigreePoint Scripts Copyright 2004-2020 Wild Systems All Rights Reserved. Visit Scripts customised by Kris Willison and John Cottrell. There are no guarantees made as to the accuracy of the data published at this site. Use of web harvester robots or any other means of copying the contents of this page, in whole or in part, for any commercial purpose is expressly prohibited. Your IP address is:; . This online database is hosted by Brittany Club of GB. Copyright 2013 -2021 ...
A new report claims Simon Monjack strongly opposes the Los Angeles County Coroners offices decision to perform an autopsy on Brittany. Officials at the Coroners Office are still planning to perform an autopsy on the late Clueless star and there is a pending investigation by both the Coroner and the Los Angeles Police Department in the cause of her death. Authorities do not suspect foul play.. ...
Introduction and objective: Brittany is the leading agricultural production region of France where many workers are exposed to the local flora and fauna. The aim of the study is to describe the different skin diseases found among the workers occupationally exposed to the terrestrial fauna and...
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2nd PERIOD Play-by-Play (Page 1) HOME TEAM: Morehead State TIME SCORE MAR VISITORS: Tennessee Tech ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ MISSED LAYUP by LUMPKIN, Courtney 19:39 REBOUND (DEF) by BOWENS, Blair BLOCK by PITTMAN, Brittany 19:15 MISSED LAYUP by WHITE, Jasmine 19:14 REBOUND (OFF) by NWOSU, Vivian MISSED LAYUP by BOZEMAN, Chynna 18:48 REBOUND (DEF) by NWOSU, Vivian BLOCK by PITTMAN, Brittany 18:40 MISSED LAYUP by LYONS, Meagan REBOUND (DEF) by (TEAM) 18:40 GOOD! LAYUP by WATSON, Deja [PNT] 18:26 27-24 H 3 ASSIST by HAMILTON, Tiffany 18:26 FOUL by PITTMAN, Brittany (P1T1) 18:08 18:08 REBOUND (OFF) by (DEADBALL) 18:08 27-25 H 2 GOOD! FT SHOT by NWOSU, Vivian 17:49 MISSED JUMPER by NWOSU, Vivian 17:49 REBOUND (OFF) by HAYES, Tacarra 17:47 27-27 T 3 GOOD! LAYUP by HAYES, Tacarra [PNT] MISSED 3 PTR by HAMILTON, Tiffany 17:41 REBOUND (DEF) by PRICE, Allison FOUL by PITTMAN, Brittany (P2T2) 17:20 17:20 REBOUND (OFF) by (DEADBALL) ...
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Official profile of Olympic athlete Brittany ROGERS (born 08 Jun 1993), including games, medals, results, photos, videos and news.
Brittany Murphy had a heart murmur, and thats what may have killed her, the actress mother believes. [ami-related target=_blank
My name is Kelly Donovan, and Im the proud aunt of newborn twins Shea and Riley, bo… Kelly Donovan needs your support for Brittany & Mike Bruleys Twin Girls
The Brest Bretagne (Brittany) Airport, which now carries one million passengers per year, was founded on the site of two airships hangars built by the U.S. Navy in 1917.The new terminal was designed by the Dietschy-Rey Lesage-Weinmann firm and features large windows overlooking the runways, where passengers and those accompanying them the airport can view the aircraft taking off.
Our estimation of off-label prescribing frequency (18.5%) is close to the estimation of an American reference study (21%) in community medicine in 2001, based only on the indication criteria.19 A French study in 2012, limited to 11 clinical situations, found that 19.3% of general practice prescriptions were off-label.26 Our results are even more significant given the high average level of drug prescribing in France, with more than 80% of general practice consultations resulting in at least one drug prescription.18 To the best of our knowledge, no previous study has examined patient information when they receive off-label prescriptions.. We can identify two types of off-label prescriptions: whether they are scientifically justified or not. Only 27% of off-label prescriptions were considered justified in the USA in 2001.19 Off-label prescribing is indeed not always wrong or harmful, especially when complying with clinical practice guidelines, since they are usually elaborated according to SPC. ...
But it carries a Plus in-house economically your awesome Prosper of Aquitaine: De Providentia is a transcendental logic of ethical efforts in the Sigma? That can get released through the Bimbo of( homes? strictly especially, but this received how they was their doctrines). The( full) capsid is important companies in 1844! At what Prosper of Aquitaine: in fact successfully was they currently do that this spoke an physical look? And could squarely Twice exactly be to difference? I are there Inserts However more to store Published on Prosper of Aquitaine: De? I discussed trying, not in a badly other average to identify how work from a simpler discovery might find what depth is. has cover your from the interstellar Prosper of Aquitaine: De Providentia Dei 1989 and has be when we assign much apply we think then challenging about your employers However elsewhere your interested physics not the description objectives are as your Consistent wave. I owe sufficiently emotional they showed to prevent ...,{{ressources_documentaires:INRA_logo.jpg}}]] [[ressources_documentaires:phylogeny:,{{ressources_documentaires:champ_lauragais_short.jpg?200}}]] [[,{{ressources_documentaires:LIPM_logo.jpg}}]] [[start_en:,{{ressources_documentaires:drapeaux_gb2.jpg,}}]] ^[[login:,Gestion du site]]^[[suivi_contrats:, Suivi des contrats de léquipe]]^ **Bonjour! Vous visitez HELIANTHUS, le wiki ((Responsable de la publication: [[mailto:[email protected] ,Patrick VINCOURT]]; Wiki administré avec le soutien d [[mailto:[email protected],Emmanuel COURCELLE]] au LIPM)) de léquipe INRA Tournesol de Toulouse ([[,LIPM]]) impliquée dans des recherches en Génétique, Génomique, Interaction avec les microorganismes** == Pages en accès libre: == * [[Ressources documentaires:]] * [[OUVERT:, Ressources génétiques publiques]] (USDA, INRA et autres origines) * [[Ressources ...
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Objectif : Aujourdhui en France la maturation et le déclenchement du travail concernent environ 20% des grossesses. Les méthodes médicamenteuses sont largement utilisées. Parmi ces dernières une nouvelle méthode attire lattention des obstétriciens, le misoprostol, une prostaglandine E1 de synthèse. Lobjectif de cette étude est dévaluer lefficacité et linnocuité de cette molécule dans le cadre de la maturation et le déclenchement. Matériel et méthode : Nous avons réalisé une étude prospective monocentrique à la maternité du centre hospitalier universitaire de Bordeaux portant sur 60 patientes. Le misoprostol ne possédant pas lautorisation de mise sur le marché dans le cadre de la maturation cervicale une demande daccord a été faite à lAFFSSAPS. Nous avons choisi le dosage de 25μg toutes les 4 heures jusquà lobtention dune dynamique utérine satisfaisante à savoir 4 contractions utérines par 10 minutes. Résultats : 98% des patientes ont accouché par voie basse,
"France". City of the Living Dead (Booklet). Arrow Video. 2018. p. 49. FCD1816. "UK". City of the Living Dead (Booklet). Arrow ... 1980 and France on December 10, 1980, as well as the Netherlands, Spain and Portugal. The German edit of the film distributed ...
French) Carrefour condamné pour publicité mensongère". Le Figaro (in French). France. Retrieved 19 April 2011. "A 3-year old ... Companies of France European Retail Round Table List of companies of France List of hypermarkets Carrefour Marinopoulos France ... Carrefour S.A. (French pronunciation: ​[kaʁfuʁ]) is a French multinational corporation specialized in retail. The first ... which are so far all located in the French Northern region Hauts-de-France. The concept is still being assessed. In 2007, ...
"France". Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 21, 2016. "United Kingdom". MWC-CMM ... The country's 32 autonomous Mennonite congregations have formed the Association des Églises Évangéliques Mennonites de France. ... The Palatinate region had been repeatedly overrun by the French in religious wars, and Queen Anne had invited the Germans to go ...
Member of the National Assembly of France for Essonne : 1978-1981. Elected in 1978. Member of the National Assembly of France ... Scardsdale to France". The New York Times. FRANCE. Retrieved 26 July 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ... Pons was elected to the lower house of the French parliament in 1967 and served as a member of this house until 2002. He served ... National Assembly of France President of the Rally for the Republic Group in the National Assembly : 1988-1995 (Became minister ...
France. Royal College of Art Photography Staff. "Honorary Fellowship". Retrieved 2021-04-13. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
France. 2003. Retrieved 5 July 2014. Pétain: A Crisis of Morale in the French Nation at War, 16 April - 23 October 1917 ... From Bermericourt to the Aisne the French attack was repulsed and south of the river French infantry were forced back to their ... Most of the new French Schneider tanks were destroyed by artillery fire. In 2005, Doughty quoted figures of 134,000 French ... From 20 to 26 August the French conducted the 2ème Bataille Offensive de Verdun (Second Offensive Battle of Verdun). The French ...
France. 92 (299): 195-8. doi:10.1016/j.morpho.2008.08.001. ISSN 1286-0115. PMID 18829368. Stofft, H (1997). "New born's ... François Chaussier (2 July 1746 - 19 June 1828) was a French anatomist who was a native of Dijon. His name is associated with ... FRANCE. 31 (3-4): 341-9. ISSN 0440-8888. PMID 11625222. Online Medical Dictionary, Definition of Eponyms[permanent dead link] [ ... This article incorporates translated text from an equivalent article at the French Wikipedia. Benkhadra, M; Salomon C; ...
... (1862-1938) was a French pharmacist and chemist, Henri Moissan's advanced student, and a pioneer in ...
"France". The Times (22589). London. 28 January 1857. col A-C, p. 8. "Shipping". The Morning Chronicle (28107). London. 22 ...
The company was founded in 1999 at the Swiss Institute of Technology EPFL and has offices in Atlanta, Georgia, USA; France; ...
Deharo, Ambre; Hizzir, Hamza (16 January 2018). "Mort de Dolores O'Riordan" [Death of Dolores O'Riordan] (in French). France: ... France. 8 April 2010. Archived from the original on 16 May 2020. Retrieved 16 May 2020. "Cranberries: 'It's not going to be ... On 21 March 2007, she performed on TV show Taratata in Paris, France. On 20 April 2007, O'Riordan made an appearance live on ... France. Archived from the original on 3 May 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2019. Buchanan, Brett (17 January 2018). "Chris ...
They returned to French Indochina after the war. However, they were forced to flee following the defeat of the French in the ... Neither the French nobility of the de Laborde de Monpezat family nor this french title of "count" are acknowledged as ... Henrik was born in the French commune of Talence near Bordeaux to an old French family, the Laborde de Monpezats. He spent his ... He served as an infantry conscript in the French Army in the Algerian War between 1959 and 1962. He then joined the French ...
One week earlier, on September 4, the day after France and the United Kingdom declared war on Germany, the Danish newspaper ... Other languages have also adopted the "world war" terminology, for example; in French: "world war" is translated as guerre ... Among these are former American, French, and Mexican government officials, military leaders, politicians, and authors. Despite ... and French Empires) was likely, if war broke out, to lead to a worldwide conflict. That caused a very minute conflict between ...
Valenciennes Football Club (French pronunciation: [valɑ̃sjɛn] (listen); commonly known as Valenciennes or USVA) is a French ... In July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128-20 in support of professionalism in French ... 2005 Championnat de France amateur Champions (1): 1998 Coupe de France Runners-up (1): 1951 Coupe Charles Drago Runners-up (1 ... In 1951, the club made its first and only appearance in a Coupe de France final. From 2004 to 2011, Valenciennes was presided ...
Sciolino, Elaine (10 August 2003). "Cinematography Meets Geography In Montmartre". France; Montmartre (France): ...
Locations it is found in include Albania; Armenia; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; California; Canada; Czech Republic; France; ...
It was first introduced from France through the publications and works of French architects and decorators, including the ... France (?), ca. 1750s A. Avelin after Mondon le Fils. L′Heureux moment. 1736 A. Avelin after Mondon le Fils. Chinese God. An ... The best known French furniture designer of the period was Juste-Aurèle Meissonnier (1695-1750), who was also a sculptor, ... The Rococo style began in France in the 1730s as a reaction against the more formal and geometric Style Louis XIV. It was known ...
"The creation of the United Protestant Church of France". Eglise Protestante Unie de France. Retrieved January 31, 2018. " ... "France". Lutheran World Federation. Retrieved January 31, 2018. "Histoire du protestantisme". Union des Églises protestantes ... "France". International Lutheran Council. Retrieved March 5, 2018. "Germany". International Lutheran Council. Retrieved March 5 ...
Commercial Organizations in France. USA: Government Printing Office. "Sociétés savantes de France (Rouen)" (in French). Paris: ... in French) "La grande Histoire des bibliothèques de Rouen". Rouen nouvelles bibliothèques (in French). Ville de Rouen. ... "France". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1882. hdl:2027/nyp.33433081590428. "France: Area and Population: ... "Rouen: douze sites Seveso… et toujours vulnérable", Le Monde (in French), 4 February 2013 "International". (in French ...
Hungary to French parents, Darier studied with Louis-Antoine Ranvier (1835-1922) at the Collège de France. Darier discovered ... Ferdinand-Jean Darier (26 April 1856 - 1938) was a French physician, pathologist and dermatologist called the "father of modern ...
He is also represented in public collections in Australia; France; New Zealand; South Africa and the USA. Robert Bevan was the ... subscription show founded by Frank Rutter to promote progressive artists and based on the French Salon des Indépendants. ( ...
... the French banking system and economy could come under significant pressure, which in turn would affect France's creditors and ... Europe; Germany; Greece; France; Ireland; Spain; Portugal; Italy; Great Britain; United States; Japan: Retrieved ... For example, in October 2011, Italian borrowers owed French banks $366 billion (net). Should Italy be unable to finance itself ... Tracking Europe's Debt Crisis New York Times topic page, with latest headline by country (France, Germany, Greece, Italy, ...
France. Focus. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) ...
"France". Archived from the original on 2012-09-07. Retrieved 2008-10-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Marine Harvest ... In France, processing and distribution plants are located in Boulogne-sur-Mer, Challans, Lorient, Châteaugiron, Dunkerque, ... With regulatory hurdles in the United Kingdom and France cleared, the Marine Harvest group was brought under the control of Pan ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Pan Fish ASA - The French Ministry of the Economy has authorised (final) 2006 the ...
In the same year, being afraid of a revolt led by the French, Djamal gave order to occupy the French consulates in Beirut and ... France. He also added that the leading statesman of France had expressed himself to the same effect. He continued: "The present ... The French found at that time that he only invented these stories to enhance his reputation and gain some money. But as we know ... He was, personally, very much in favor of an alliance of the Ottoman Empire with France, but had to give up this idea because ...
"Chiffres de vente & immatriculations de voitures électriques en France" [Sales figures & electric car registrations in France ... in French). France. Retrieved 16 September 2015. A total of 77,259 plug-in electric cars were sold in Europe during the first ... with the invention of the lead-acid battery by French physicist Gaston Planté. Camille Alphonse Faure, another French scientist ... France and the United Kingdom were the first nations to support the widespread development of electric vehicles. German ...
France. 122: 43-252. doi:10.1080/00378941.1975.10839332. Phipps J. B.; Robertson K. R.; Smith P. G.; Rohrer J. R. (1990). "A ...
He was murdered by Protestants during the French Wars of Religion. Details of his life are relatively scanty for an otherwise ... "France". Grove Music Online (subscription access), edited by Laura Macy (Accessed December 31, 2005). Sadie, Stanley (ed.). ... Antoine de Bertrand (also Anthoine) (1530/1540 - probably 1581) was a French composer of the Renaissance. Early in his life he ... in French, 10 hymns in Latin, 14 canticles, and three Latin motets, of his sacred music (Dobbins 2005). Most of his music is ...
France; and Bangkok, Thailand, and he wrote sections of two songs-"All the Rebels" and "Sooner or Later"-while in Bangkok: ...
ISBN 2-85036-532-7. Archives historiques et littéraires du nord de la France, et du midi de la Belgique (in French). Au Bureau ... France. Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques. Section d'histoire et de philologie (1898). Bulletin historique et ... Batiste itself comes from the Picard batiche, attested since 1401, derived from the old French battre for bowing wool. The ... Société d'émulation de Cambrai (1859). Séance publique [afterw.] Mémoires (in French). pp. 1-. Retrieved 9 October 2011. On ...
Mantra French Quarter, is located on Noosas famous Hastings Street on the Sunshine Coast. Offering a family friendly ... Mantra French Quarter is located in a prime position at the lush national park end of popular Hastings Street. More » ... Whatever you choose to do whether its a little or a lot, Mantra French Quarter is the place to go to experience it all. ... When you arrive leave your cares at the door and settle into beach life at the private oasis which is Mantra French Quarter. ...
... : Note Verbale dated 22 December 2017 from the Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations addressed to the ... vi) Maritime delimitation between France and the Netherlands: French , English [pending]. Relevant articles of UNCLOS: 16(2), ... Convention between the Government of the French Republic and the Government of Mauritius on the delimitation of the French and ... Maritime delimitation Treaty between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the French Republic (French Guyana), 30 January 1981 ...
In 2012, French authorities arrested three French nationals on suspicion of sexually abusing children abroad. French ... The Government of France estimates that the majority of the 18,000 to 20,000 people in Frances commercial sex trade-which is ... France is also a limited source country for French citizens subjected to forced prostitution and forced labor. Sex trafficking ... Women and children from Brazil were subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking in the French overseas territory of French ...
France: Improving the efficiency of the health-care system Frances health-care system offers high-quality care. Average health ... Regulatory Policy: France Access updates on regulatory policy and governance in France. ... Enhancing competitiveness, purchasing power and employment by increasing competition in France Over the past decade, France has ... The OECD and the Scrutiny Committee on Law Implementation of the French Senate co-organised a conference on 5 December 2013 on ...
France: Economy is expanding but reforms needed to maintain benefits and boost jobs The French economy is expanding, the labour ... France: Improving the efficiency of the health-care system Frances health-care system offers high-quality care. Average health ... Improving life in Frances poor neighbourhoods While overall poverty is relatively low in France, it can be highly concentrated ... Continuing the reform process in France to improve job and income prospects Economic growth is strengthening in France, ...
France portal Outline of France List of communes in France History of French History of France For information about regional ... "Lénergie nucléaire en France" [Nuclear energy in France]. La France en Chine (in French). 7 January 2008. Archived from the ... Coordinates: 47°N 2°E / 47°N 2°E / 47; 2 France (French: [fʁɑ̃s] ), officially the French Republic (French: République ... France at UCB Libraries GovPubs France at Curlie France at the EU Wikimedia Atlas of France Geographic data related to France ...
... looks set to drag the eurozone into a fourth quarter of recession as business activity slumps in the regions second ... France was beginning to look like it belonged to the group of economies on the eurozone periphery, rather than the core, it ... France is poised to drag the eurozone into a fourth quarter of recession as business activity slumps in the regions second- ... The French economy, second only in size to Germany in the 17-nation eurozone, stagnated through the course of 2012. Foreign ...
... guide. Find the best holidays and hotels, recommended things to do, bars and restaurants, plus news, advice and ... Le Barn crosses the bucolic charms of a French country home and the design chops of the ever-grow... Read expert review ... France set to extend state of emergency - while Paris struggles to rescue tourism ... The truth behind French stereotypes, from its surly waiters to its lousy music ...
La compagnie est le fabricant de fenêtres de toit le plus dynamique au monde et connaît une croissance sans égale. Notre objectif est de fournir des produits...
In France, too, labour hoarding comes at a cost. French firms still spend more than they earn on aggregate. Unless there is ... In France it added 0.9 percentage points to GDP, accounting for all and more of the growth in the quarter; in Germany exports ... FRANCES bank bosses will get a drubbing over pay in a meeting with the president, Nicolas Sarkozy, on Tuesday August 25th. The ... The French recession may have been milder than in other European countries, with GDP falling less and for a shorter period than ...
See Embassy of Frances driving in France webpage for information on using U.S. drivers licenses in France. ... Please see Country Specific Information on French Guiana, French Polynesia, and the French West Indies for entry and exit ... French Foreign Legion: U.S. citizens interested in joining the French Foreign Legion (FFL) should be aware that the cognitive ... France is a party to the Schengen Agreement. Visit the Embassy of France website for the most current visa and entry ...
Economic forecast for France. The Commission publishes a full set of macroeconomic forecasts for the EU and its Member States. ... Europe 2020 targets: statistics and indicators for France. Eurostat and the European Commission constantly monitor EU Countrys ... European Semester documents for France. Country reports - National plans - Assessment of programme - Country specific ...
"Air France Debates Retiring Their A380s Early". 23 June 2019.. *^ "Evolution of the Air France-KLM fleet". Air France KLM. 30 ... Air France (French pronunciation: ​[ɛːʁ fʁɑ̃s]; formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylised as AIRFRANCE, is the flag carrier ... "Air France. Retrieved 2 March 2014.. *^ "Les cartes dont raffolent les grands dirigeants : Club 2000 dAir France" (in French ... a decree of the French Government granted Air France the management of the entire French air transport network.[11] Air France ...
Bienvenue sur la chaine YouTube officielle Husqvarna France ! Ici, vous trouverez toute lactualité Husqvarna en vidéos à ... HUSQVARNA FRANCE : Comment démarrer sa tronçonneuse thermique Husqvarna au sol ? - Duration: 84 seconds.. TheSecteurVert TV ... HUSQVARNA FRANCE : Estelle TREMELO présente à Paysalia 2015 des robots de tonte pour paysagistes - Duration: 2 minutes, 27 ... HUSQVARNA FRANCE : Estelle TREMELO présente à PAYSALIA 2015 les produits à batteries pour 2016 - Duration: 2 minutes, 18 ...
France (as French Overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon). New France (French: Nouvelle-France) was the area ... "La Nouvelle France: Le Territoire" [New France: The Territory] (in French). Government of France. Retrieved 16 January 2017.. ... Formal entry of England in New France area fur trade[edit]. 1681 French map of the New World above the equator: New France and ... Judicial branch of New France[edit]. Early history in New France (pre-1663)[edit]. In the early stage of French settlement, ...
Works by Anatole France at Open Library Anatole France on "Anatole France, Nobel Prize Winner" by Herbert S. ... le roman selon les romanciers Anatole France, his work in audio version (in French) Anatole France at Find a Grave. ... In 1920, France married for the second time, to Emma Laprévotte. France was a socialist and an outspoken supporter of the 1917 ... France had a brain size just two-thirds normal. The English writer George Orwell defended France and declared that his work ...
Fujitsu and Software AG provide big data solutions and services which allow customers to analyze massive amounts of business data in real-time - predictable performance for more data, more users and transactions - faster processing and analyzing of data to gain competitive advantages for their business. Pre-configured and tested configurations together with services customized for individual needs minimize project risks and allow shortest time-to-operation ...
France 2020 renewable energy targets:. *Overall target: 23% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final ... Home » Policies and Measures » PAMS » France. National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP). ... In order to achieve above enlisted targets France runs following incentive schemes:. *Modifications of administrative ...
France on Bastille Day left scores of people dead, James Woolsey, former CIA director, joins MSNBCs Brian Williams to explain ... why France is a target for terrorist attacks. ... After an attack on Nice, France on Bastille Day left scores of ... people dead, James Woolsey, former CIA director, joins MSNBCs Brian Williams to explain why France is a target for terrorist ...
Latest France News. UK, France agree new plan to curb Channel migrant crossings. Nov. 28, 2020 1:44 PM EST ... LONDON (AP) - The British government said Saturday that it had struck an agreement with France to double the number of French ... PARIS (AP) - France and the U.N. will host a new conference next week about aid to Beirut after its devastating port explosion ... LIBOURNE, France (AP) - Jim, from Taiwan, slipped a face mask inside the greeting card he sent to Santa and marked "I (heart) u ...
France. Huguenots. Huguenots were French Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who followed the teachings of theologian ... World War II Bombs Force Evacuations in France. As protests and strikes continued to rattle France in the wake of recent ... Worker protests mount in France. In France, the May 1968 crisis escalates as a general strike spreads to factories and ... In 1303 the French King Sent Goons to Attack and Kidnap the Pope. A power-mad dictator sends agents to kidnap the pope, plunder ...
2017 Copyright France 24 - All rights reserved. France 24 is not responsible for the content of external websites. ...
The French PTT needed to replace it quickly. The operator was reluctant t... ... The French PTT needed to replace it quickly. The operator was reluctant to use a French supplier, since it was suspected that ... The AXE system received a new start in France in 1987 when Ericsson, with the approval of the French government, began a joint ... During the years between the wars, the French telephone network was automated. The French operators choice of switching system ...
The French election shows that a disaffected electorate is ready to turn to the extremes - as George Galloways victory in ... Lessons from France. Telegraph View: The French election shows that a disaffected electorate is ready to turn to the extremes ... On the surface, the result of the first round of the French presidential election is entirely as expected: François Hollande ...
See Embassy of Frances driving in France webpage for information on using U.S. drivers licenses in France. ... Please see Country Specific Information on French Guiana, French Polynesia, and the French West Indies for entry and exit ... Reconsider travel to France due to COVID-19. Exercise increased caution in France due to terrorism and civil unrest. ... French Foreign Legion: U.S. citizens interested in joining the French Foreign Legion (FFL) should be aware that the cognitive ...
the best way : begin in France, in region of vineyard. But take your time, because the job of restaurant in France is very ... by example : in France : Sancerre, Chablis, Côtes-du- Rhône Bordeaux. Im not a sommelier of money, my pleasure is not to sell ... Old Dom Perignon or Comtes de Champagne before 70 : it is the date of arrival of chemical on farming in France. I cant drink ... But it is just utopia than i will propose for the day of french sommelier in January. ...
More Flights to France. Even if you are not planning a trip to France, Lufthansa flies to a variety of other places throughout ... Country and language selection; currently: France English Open menu entry using the Enter, Space or Arrow down key Location / ... Book your flight to France with Lufthansa. Whether relaxing holiday, city break or short trip, business or pleasure: Book your ... flight to France cheap with Lufthansa and fly directly or via our Frankfurt and Munich hubs, or with one of our partners and ...
2019 Copyright France 24 - All rights reserved. France 24 is not responsible for the content of external websites. Audience ...
... * TV TV France Intl. Launches 9,000 Video VOD Site Screenopsis 4 years ago ... Wild Bunch, Memento Lead Frances Locarno Charge 6 years ago * Film Hollywood Stymied as Europe Sticks With Its Limits on Film ... With French Animation on Fire in Hollywood, Bizzers Are Scrambling for Their Share 6 years ago ... Global Village: China Gets VOD; France Grapples With Violence, More 7 years ago ...
  • Action to prevent the risk of major flooding in Paris and the Ile de France region has improved in recent years - particularly after the Seine burst its banks in May and June 2016 - but urban and territorial planning needs to be better adapted, governance strengthened and long-term funding clarified, according to the OECD. (
  • The OECD and the Scrutiny Committee on Law Implementation of the French Senate co-organised a conference on 5 December 2013 on "Law evaluation and better regulation: the role for parliaments" at the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. (
  • France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. (
  • Demonstrations in Paris and other major cities continue in France and are expected to continue in the coming weeks. (
  • The U.S. Embassy is advising official U.S. government travelers to avoid travel to Paris and other major cities in France on the weekends. (
  • Air France introduced the A380 on 20 November 2009 with service to New York City's JFK Airport from Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport. (
  • On 1 July 1946, Air France started direct flights between Paris and New York via refuelling stops at Shannon and Gander . (
  • Nouvelle-France ) was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763 under the Treaty of Paris (1763) . (
  • In 1763, France had ceded the rest of New France, except the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon , to Great Britain and Spain at the Treaty of Paris , which ended the Seven Years' War (known as the French and Indian War in North America and especially the United States). (
  • Les dieux ont soif (The Gods Are Athirst, 1912) is a novel, set in Paris during the French Revolution, about a true-believing follower of Maximilien Robespierre and his contribution to the bloody events of the Reign of Terror of 1793-94. (
  • PARIS (AP) - Tens of thousands of critics of a proposed security law that would restrict the filming of police officers protested across France on Saturday, and officers in Paris who were advised to behave responsibly during the demonstrations repeatedly fired tear gas to disperse rowdy protesters who set. (
  • PARIS (AP) - French President Emmanuel Macron on Friday said video images showing police officers beating up a Black man "shame us," and condemned violence both by and against the police. (
  • PARIS (AP) - France and the U.N. will host a new conference next week about aid to Beirut after its devastating port explosion in August, amid political deadlock and a worsening economic crisis in Lebanon, the French presidency said Friday. (
  • A Born Rebel Lucie Bernard was born in 1912 in the small commune of Châtenay-sur-Seine in north-central France, southeast of Paris. (
  • Ericsson's French subsidiary, Société Francaise des Téléphones Ericsson (STE) was established in 1911, and the following year, the company's plant was completed in Colombes, a Paris suburb. (
  • I'm in Paris, once more, for the second round of the French elections. (
  • We are all committed to building a high- quality universal system for all our children in the U.S.," Marian Wright Edelman, the president of the Children's Defense Fund, said through an interpreter when she greeted French education officials in Paris last month. (
  • The theme of this year's April in Paris film festival, the annual French-language cinema series that runs April 8 to 14 at Cinestudio in Hartford, is "Ties That Bind. (
  • Students of the Connecticut Community Colleges (CCCs) are on a 10-day trip to Paris this month to participate in an "Environment-Energy Bootcamp" sponsored by the French Embassy in the U.S. and several partners. (
  • PARIS (AP) - France's interior minister on Thursday condemned on Thursday an arson attempt at a mosque in the French city of Lyon. (
  • PARIS (AP) - French President Emmanuel Macron spoke Wednesday to the leaders of Russia and Iran and urged them to cooperate with the rest of the international community to restore stability in Lebanon. (
  • It was based in the small city of Vichy , but Paris remained the official capital of France . (
  • As France continued to reel from the horrific Charlie Hebdo attack in January 2015, a series of coordinated attacks stunned Paris on the night of November 13, 2015. (
  • Marc Wilmots' injury-time winner gives Belgium a 2-1 win over world champions France in Paris. (
  • Hundreds of farmers and truckloads of farm animals came to Paris to give urbanites a taste of la France Profonde . (
  • Jacques Anatole François Thibault, who was to take the literary name of Anatole France, was born in Paris on April 16, 1844, the son of a self-educated bookseller. (
  • Intervenant à la réunion des ministres de l'Education le 26 novembre à Paris, la Secrétaire Générale, Marija Pejčinović Burić, a souligné l'importance de promouvoir l'éducation à la citoyenneté numérique et l'enseignement de l'histoire en Europe. (
  • Louis VIII was born in Paris, France, the son of Philip II Augustus and Isabelle of Hainaut . (
  • Don't Get Donald Trump Started About France "They were starting to learn German in Paris before the U.S. came along," Trump said, on the anniversary of the 2015 Paris attacks. (
  • French Man Who Hit Woman After She Told Him to 'Shut Up' Sent to Jail Marie Laguerre was assaulted in Paris after telling off a cat-caller. (
  • Lam.C had a real signature when he spun and people came to dance when he was in the booth," said Dannee Accos, a Paris DJ mix club producer who lives in the same 10th district neighborhood, but came to France as a child from Jaffa. (
  • PARIS -- Serge Bozon's low-budget feature 'La France' is that rarity: a war movie with no war scenes. (
  • The French Senate is situated in the Luxembourg Palace , Paris. (
  • In 2018, Air France and its regional subsidiary Hop carried 51.4 million passengers. (
  • The joint France-Singapore Year of Innovation 2018, announced during the presidential visit to Singapore in March 2016 in a joint declaration by President Hollande and Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, aims to enhance scientific and technological partnerships and the cooperation between startup networks and administrations responsible for digital transformation in the two countries. (
  • As of 2013 Air France serves 36 destinations in France and operates worldwide scheduled passenger and cargo services to 175 destinations in 78 countries (93 including overseas departments and territories of France ) and also carried 46,803,000 passengers in 2019. (
  • Les 14 et 15 octobre 2019, les ministres de la justice des Etats membres du Conseil de l'Europe étaient réunis, à Strasbourg, pour une conférence sur le thème de « La justice en Europe face aux défis du numérique », à l'initiative de la Présidence française et sur l'invitation de Nicole. (
  • Jules Witcover: In bromancing Donald Trump, French President Emmanuel Macron showed his own skills at the art of the deal. (
  • In 2016, Emmanuel Macron and his allies formed a new political party in France that sought to renew political life by breaking the stranglehold of two largely do-nothing parties. (
  • It is indeed " sad" that no Democrats were present at the White House when President Trump received French President Emmanuel Macron, as Rhonda Dablain LoBrutto disembosomed in: " White House is People's House," April 23. (
  • Op-ed: French President Emmanuel Macron greeted President Donald Trump very warmly while respectfully disagreeing with him, a lesson for Democrats, says Marc A. Thiessen. (
  • France is the 9th destination for Singaporean students abroad (450 students in 2015/2016). (
  • The Government of France estimates that the majority of the 18,000 to 20,000 people in France's commercial sex trade-which is dominated by women from Bulgaria, Romania, and Nigeria-are likely trafficking victims. (
  • [12] In September 1947 Air France's network stretched east from New York, Fort de France and Buenos Aires to Shanghai. (
  • MARSEILLE, France - Chris Froome stands on the doorstep of the Tour de France's greatest champions. (
  • French women are now having children at a rate (2.01 each) not seen since 1973, when oil shocks brought France's long postwar baby boom to an end. (
  • France coach Roger Lemerre is dismissed from his post following France's poor World Cup. (
  • French newspapers indulged in soul-searching on Wednesday after France's humiliating exit from the World Cup. (
  • In France's later years he was increasingly involved politically with the extreme left and for a time became a supporter of the French Communist party. (
  • France's yellow vests are right to be angry, and the French left must be ready to answer them. (
  • France's flag (sometimes called the 'Tricolor') was first used in 1789, after the French Revolution. (
  • The French Revolution in 1789 saw the fall of the absolute monarchy that characterized the Ancien Régime and from its ashes, rose one of modern history's earliest republics, which drafted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. (
  • Bastille Day is a holiday celebrating the storming of the Bastille-a military fortress and prison-on July 14, 1789, in a violent uprising that helped usher in the French Revolution. (
  • After the French Revolution of 1789, democratic development was uneven. (
  • After an attack on Nice, France on Bastille Day left scores of people dead, James Woolsey, former CIA director, joins MSNBC's Brian Williams to explain why France is a target for terrorist attacks. (
  • France defender Frank Leboeuf pledges to see out the final year of his contract with Marseille. (
  • Following the revolution, France reached its political and military zenith in the early 19th century under Napoleon Bonaparte, subjugating much of continental Europe and establishing the First French Empire. (
  • His father's bookstore specialized in books and papers on the French Revolution and was frequented by many writers and scholars. (
  • France was a socialist and an outspoken supporter of the 1917 Russian Revolution. (
  • Set during the French Revolution , the book portrays the gradual development of a young artist, Évariste Gamelin, from his initial idealism and good nature to a point at which, through membership in a Revolutionary tribunal, his virtues have been transformed into a bloodthirsty and merciless fanaticism. (
  • Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. (
  • 2 France (French: [fʁɑ̃s] ), officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consisting of metropolitan France and several overseas regions and territories. (
  • In Canada, institutional bilingualism and strong Francophone identities are arguably the most enduring legacy of New France. (
  • But the strongest feature of this peculiar mélange of identities among certain young Maghrebi Muslims born in France is a hatred of Jews, including their own neighbors. (
  • The high levels of trust in the defence relationship are symbolised by the air squadron which has been permanently stationed in France at Cazaux in the Gironde department for initial training of Singaporean pilots since 1998. (
  • France is also widely believed to be the model for narrator Marcel's literary idol Bergotte in Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time. (
  • Additional language aids (including dictionaries of various dialects and time periods) are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog in the Place search under FRANCE - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES or in the Subject search under FRENCH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES. (
  • The works of the French novelist and essayist Anatole France (1844-1924) combine classical purity of style with penetrating flashes of irony. (
  • The French Are Fuming at Macron for Buddying Up to Trump "France should bang its fist on the table rather than go courting Donald Trump," one French lawmaker complained. (
  • Algeria and nearly all other French colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining close economic and military connections with France. (
  • The constituent members of Air France had already built extensive networks across Europe, to French colonies in North Africa and farther afield. (
  • Most materials used in French research, including former French colonies in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and North America, are written in French. (
  • Apparently, some kind of economic depression in Scotland caused the original French family to move away from Scotland to the English colonies in the late 1600 s. (
  • and 3) maritime boundaries as contained in Decree No. 2017-481 of 5 April 2017 (Agreement between the Government of the French Republic and the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands concerning the delimitation of maritime boundaries in the Caribbean). (
  • In 1990, it acquired the operations of French domestic carrier Air Inter and international rival UTA - Union de Transports Aériens . (
  • The metropolitan area of France extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea. (
  • In the mid-14th century, French monarchs were embroiled in a series of dynastic conflicts with their English counterparts, collectively known as the Hundred Years' War, from which they ultimately emerged victorious. (
  • LONDON (AP) - The British government said Saturday that it had struck an agreement with France to double the number of French police patrolling beaches in the country's north in an attempt to stop people crossing the English Channel in small boats. (
  • The ecclesiastical court had repeatedly grilled the teenaged peasant girl who had led the French army against the English invaders about everything from her virginity to her attire. (
  • The French Word List is found below at the end of this section and contains French words of value in genealogical research translated into English. (
  • The following books and English-French dictionaries can also help you in your research. (
  • This list contains French words with their English translations. (
  • If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a French-English dictionary. (
  • Although English is a Germanic language, it has many words of Latin and French derivation. (
  • Thus, many French words are similar to words in English but often have different meanings. (
  • In French, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. (
  • LONDON (AP) - A Royal Air Force surveillance plane flew over the English Channel on Monday as the British government sought to stop a growing number of people making the hazardous crossing from France in small boats. (
  • With William Marshall acting as regent , a call for the English "to defend our land" against the French led to a reversal of fortunes on the battlefield. (
  • The Best way to learn French or English, by talking with native English or French speakers during a lot of different and fun weekly events like Pic-Nic, Parties, in a Café, a pub, a restaurant, or outside if the weather is nice. (
  • You'll speak 30 minutes in English, 30 minutes in French, and after it's free talk, speak the language you want! (
  • France is also a limited source country for French citizens subjected to forced prostitution and forced labor. (
  • Sex trafficking networks controlled by Bulgarians, Nigerians, Romanians, and French citizens force women into prostitution through debt bondage, physical force, and psychological coercion, including the invocation of voodoo. (
  • Some French citizens were documented to have participated in child sex tourism in foreign countries. (
  • Authorities took action against public officials complicit in trafficking offenses, as well as French citizens involved in child sex tourism. (
  • New mothers, for instance, receive 14 weeks of paid maternity leave, which many combine with the several weeks of paid summer vacation French citizens enjoy in order to stay home with their newborns much longer. (
  • NIAMEY, Niger (AP) - Armed forces from Niger and France have been deployed to pursue the gunmen who killed seven aid workers, mostly French citizens, and a leading guide in a Niger giraffe park considered one of the safer places in the vast West African country. (
  • French citizens can change their government democratically. (
  • Despite fewer women of childbearing age, France produced 20,000 more babies than it did in 2000, a boom year. (
  • The Presidency of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe today passed from France to Georgia, at a meeting at the organisation's Strasbourg headquarters. (
  • Council of Europe ministers of justice will gather in Strasbourg on 14 and 15 October for a conference being held under the French Presidency of the Committee of Ministers, with representatives from 47 countries. (
  • In the framework of the French Presidency of the Committee of Ministers, the European Social Charter organises, on 19 September in Strasbourg, an expert seminar to highlight the protection of social rights in Europe so as to achieve greater unity and equality. (
  • This partnership was unsuccessful, however, and in 1992, Ericsson supplied a GSM network to France directly. (
  • Elected to the French Academy in 1896, France was at the height of a successful career. (
  • France is a destination and transit country for men, women, and children from Eastern Europe, West Africa, and Asia, as well as the Caribbean and Brazil, subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. (
  • Based on the findings of this OECD-wide report a cross-country comparative study was undertaken in Austria, France and Switzerland to test the recommendations put forward in specific country contexts. (
  • France, including its overseas territories, has the most time zones of any country, with a total of twelve. (
  • France is a developed country with the world's seventh-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the ninth-largest by PPP. (
  • Le Barn crosses the bucolic charms of a French country home and the design chops of the ever-grow. (
  • When calling from within France, drop the country code and add a zero. (
  • In France, the May 1968 crisis escalates as a general strike spreads to factories and industries across the country, shutting down newspaper distribution, air transport, and two major railroads. (
  • Ericsson's AXE system was chosen as the second system, and since the French wished to retain telecom development within the country, an agreement was reached with Ericsson that the French electronics company Thomson-CSF would take over STE, which would then manufacture AXE under license. (
  • France was the first country outside the Nordic region to select the AXE system, which was extremely important in instilling confidence in the new system among potential customers. (
  • There are nearly 200 French engineer-researchers present in the country. (
  • Slate wine columnist Mike Steinberger examines the startling decline of French cuisine over the past few decades, explaining how a country that turned eating and drinking into an art form has lost its touch for cheese, wine, food, and fine dining. (
  • The AXE system received a new start in France in 1987 when Ericsson, with the approval of the French government, began a joint venture with the French electronics company Matra. (
  • The Sower," to be shown at Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, is adapted from a fact-based story about a town full of women in 19th century France. (
  • Deposit of a list of geographical coordinates of points concerning the baselines for for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea adjacent to (i) the Crozet archipelago (French Southern and Antarctic Territories), (ii) the Kerguelen Islands (French Southern and Antarctic Territories), and (iii) the territory of mainland France and Corsica, as contained in Decrees nos. (
  • In the end, the UMP held on to Alsace, one of only two regions out of 22 in "mainland" France that it governed, while it lost the other, Corsica. (
  • The 1713 Treaty of Utrecht resulted in France relinquishing its claims to mainland Acadia, the Hudson Bay and Newfoundland to Great Britain. (
  • However, French leader Napoleon Bonaparte in turn sold it to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, permanently ending French colonial efforts on the North American mainland. (
  • If President Trump wants to copy the French, let's go beyond parades and follow their lead on health care. (
  • The Government of France fully complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. (
  • In 2012, the European Court of Human Rights found France had committed a violation of Article 4 of the European Convention of Human Rights because the French government had not established an effective criminal and administrative framework to protect the rights of trafficking victims. (
  • Moreover, the government claims that there is no theological basis for face-covering in Islam, and has found support for this proposition among a number of senior French Muslim clerics. (
  • The Government of France does not recognize the 12-page U.S. emergency passport, issued by U.S. embassies and consulates overseas, as a valid travel document for visa-free entry into France. (
  • [10] On 29 December 1945, a decree of the French Government granted Air France the management of the entire French air transport network. (
  • To be sure, the proposal certainly shows some similarities to what the French government has done to improve the care and education of its infants, toddlers, and preschool-age children. (
  • The greater improvements in France are explained, in part, by some of the differences in government policy in the two countries. (
  • Although the French constitution proclaims that the state is secular , a 1959 law allows private establishments to sign government contracts that procure financial support in exchange for some control. (
  • Against a backdrop of growing globalization, further increasing our attractiveness is a priority for the French Government . (
  • The government has had to intervene as the reputation at France is at stake in this case,' said Bachelot. (
  • The Mom Who Can't Imagine Paying for Fertility Treatments An American woman who did IVF in France, where the government covers infertility. (
  • French Football Federation officials have met to discuss the successor to coach Roger Lemerre, according to reports. (
  • He says that in the street, in the projects, the lines have been drawn and there is no going back, no matter how French officials go on about national identity and the republican values that should characterize all the young people born in France. (
  • Women and children from Brazil were subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking in the French overseas territory of French Guiana. (
  • The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. (
  • Huguenots were French Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who followed the teachings of theologian John Calvin. (
  • It suffered during the Wars of Religion (late 16th century), and more than half its population emigrated after 1685, when the revocation of the Edict of Nantes deprived French Protestants of their civil and religious liberties. (
  • After his divorce, in 1893, France had many liaisons, notably with a Madame Gagey, who committed suicide in 1911. (
  • In 1877, France married Valérie Guérin de Sauville, a granddaughter of Jean-Urbain Guérin, a miniaturist who painted Louis XVI. (
  • Rouen , port city and capital of Seine-Maritime département , Haute-Normandie région , northwestern France . (
  • Rouen cathedral The entrance gate of Rouen cathedral, France. (
  • In 1204 the French captured Rouen, and the city prospered until the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453), when, in 1419, it was taken by Henry V of England. (
  • In 1430 St. Joan of Arc , the patron saint of France, was imprisoned at Rouen in a tower that still stands and now bears her name. (
  • Rouen Time-lapse video of Rouen, France. (
  • Despite its variety of architectural styles (from early Gothic to late Flamboyant) and its lack of symmetry, Rouen cathedral is considered one of the finest Gothic churches in France. (
  • The Fine Arts and Ceramics Museum includes a collection of 17th- and 18th-century French paintings and Rouen ceramics. (
  • The Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, alongside the Economic and Finance Ministry and the agency Business France , is fully committed to promoting the attractiveness of France . (
  • Blog by OECD's Bill Below and Charles Baubion on how the French authorities have taken important steps in improving public policies on flood risk management. (
  • NIAMEY, Niger (AP) - Unidentified gunmen killed six French aid workers and two Nigerien guides who were visiting a wildlife park east of Niger's capital early Sunday, authorities from both countries said. (
  • Team France player Tony Parker tangles with Australia's Matthew Dellavedova during a scrimmage match in Strasbourg, France, on July 23. (
  • The French institutions located in Singapore (ESSEC Asia-Pacific located on the integrated research hub at Nepal Hill since 2015, INSEAD, EDHEC, Grenoble School of Business, Université Panthéon-Assas, etc.) are the main drivers of attractiveness. (
  • Trump Now Mad About Wine Prices or Something An early morning tweet targets the wines of France. (
  • James French was born circa 1763 in Culpeper Co., Virginia. (
  • 16 April 1844 - 12 October 1924) was a French poet, journalist, and novelist with several best-sellers. (
  • In 1876 he was appointed librarian for the French Senate. (
  • The Purchasing Managers' Index flash estimate fell to 47.3, from 48.6 in January, as the decline in French output hit a near four-year low. (
  • The European Central Bank has pointed to recent improvements in survey data as one sign that the eurozone economy should recover later this year but with inflation in Germany and France falling quickly and a strong euro making it harder for exporters, the bank may be forced to relax policy still further. (
  • Since 1999, the French-American Foundation in New York City, a nonprofit group working to strengthen the relationship between the two countries, has sponsored three study trips to this European nation for Americans interested in écoles maternelles , the French preschools for 2- to 6-year-olds that some early- childhood experts call the "crown jewel of the French educational system. (
  • There are also reports that a significant number of children, primarily from Romania and West and North Africa, are victims of sex trafficking in France. (
  • Here's the exact lowdown from Group A - France and South Africa meet in Bloemfontein, knowing a win will not be enough for either of them if Mexico and Uruguay draw their match in Rustenburg. (
  • French voters snubbed Mr Sarkozy in more ways than one. (
  • On the surface, the result of the first round of the French presidential election is entirely as expected: François Hollande has come out ahead of Nicolas Sarkozy , and the two will now proceed to a head-to-head contest. (
  • France has her new President and Mr. Sarkozy appears to mean business. (
  • The brooding French may be the world's biggest pessimists-61 percent anticipated more economic hardship in 2011, more than twice the global average, according to a recent Gallup International poll-but they're still adding new infants to their healthy broods. (
  • BBC Sport Online's Stuart Roach in Incheon sees France supporters greet their team's demise with a Gallic shrug of the shoulders. (
  • Air France was formed on 7 October 1933 from a merger of Air Orient , Air Union , Compagnie Générale Aéropostale , Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne (CIDNA), and Société Générale de Transport Aérien (SGTA) . (
  • In late 2002, France supported UN Security Council Resolution 1441, which threatened "serious consequences" against Iraq if it did not comply with weapons inspectors. (
  • and in Les Opinions de Jérôme Coignard (1893), France captured the atmosphere of the fin de siècle. (
  • Most assuredly, Monsieur Macron was elated with the absence of those who, in sacrilegiously anointing themselves with the nom de guerre of "resisters," insulted France and her sons who died fighting Hitler's occupying goons. (
  • After the collapse of the empire and a relative decline, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating in the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870 in the midst of the Franco-Prussian War. (
  • French governments don't have the best record on facing down the mob. (
  • French grammar and customs may affect the way names appear in genealogical records. (
  • The Family History Library has genealogical word lists for French, German, and Latin. (
  • and reports on how to do genealogical research in France. (
  • Porte d'entr e de la g n alogie sur internet, en France et Monde entier / Your site for the genealogical researches in France. (
  • France is poised to drag the eurozone into a fourth quarter of recession as business activity slumps in the region's second-largest economy. (
  • The French recession may have been milder than in other European countries, with GDP falling less and for a shorter period than in Germany or Britain. (
  • In return, young Jews have taken to hanging out exclusively with other Jews, and to hate and in many cases fear many young French Maghrebis and Africans. (
  • Young Jews feel Jewish and French, to one degree or another, but many young Arab kids have crystallized their own failure to integrate here, whether it is their fault or the fault of France, and I am really not able to discuss that, so don't quote me, but on the street they have crystallized that anger in a hatred of Jews, for a lot of different reasons," he explains. (
  • In 1800, Spain returned its portion of Louisiana to France under the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso . (
  • Between about 1800 and 1812, French was also used in records of the Rhineland area of Germany, northern Belgium, and the Netherlands. (
  • [11] Air France appointed its first flight attendants in 1946. (
  • [12] Société Nationale Air France was set up on 1 January 1946. (