Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE characterized by enveloped, peplomer-bearing particles containing an elongated tubular nucleocapsid with helical symmetry. Toroviruses have been found in association with enteric infections in horses (Berne virus), cattle (Breda virus), swine, and humans. Transmission probably takes place via the fecal-oral route.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
A process of differentiation having for its goal the development of the individual personality.
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The interactions between physician and patient.
The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.
The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.
Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The personality pattern or syndrome consisting of behavioral and attitudinal characteristics reflecting a preoccupation with the factors of power and authority in interpersonal relationships.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
An institutional policy of granting authority to health personnel to perform procedures on patients or to remove organs from cadavers for transplantation unless an objection is registered by family members or by the patient prior to death. This also includes emergency care of minors without prior parental consent.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Indifference to, or rejection of, RELIGION or religious considerations. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
A group of replication-defective viruses, in the genus GAMMARETROVIRUS, which are capable of transforming cells, but which replicate and produce tumors only in the presence of Murine leukemia viruses (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE).
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across the wide geographical area of Europe, as opposed to the East, Asia, and Africa. The term was used by scholars through the late medieval period. Thereafter, with the impact of colonialism and the transmission of cultures, Western World was sometimes expanded to include the Americas. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The reciprocal interaction of physicians and nurses.
Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
Administration of nursing services for one or more clinical units.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The tendency of an individual or individuals to rely on others for advice, guidance, or support.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
A person's view of himself.
Includes relationships between hospitals, their governing boards, and administrators in regard to physicians, whether or not the physicians are members of the medical staff or have medical staff privileges.
Active euthanasia of a patient at the patient's request and/or with the patient's consent.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Voluntary activity without external compulsion.
An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.
Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The provision of care involving the nursing process, to families and family members in health and illness situations. From Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice. 6th ed.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Involvement in community activities or programs.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Voluntary authorization by a person not of usual legal age for diagnostic or investigative procedures, or for medical and surgical treatment. (from English A, Shaw FE, McCauley MM, Fishbein DB Pediatrics 121:Suppl Jan 2008 pp S85-7).
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
A plant genus of the family SAPINDACEAE that contain SAPONINS.
Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Instructions issued by a physician pertaining to the institution, continuation, or withdrawal of life support measures. The concept includes policies, laws, statutes, decisions, guidelines, and discussions that may affect the issuance of such orders.
The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
The use of technology-based interventions to improve functional capacities rather than to treat disease.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.
Interaction between the patient and nurse.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)
The bond or lack thereof between a pregnant woman and her FETUS.
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
An oath, attributed to Hippocrates, that serves as an ethical guide for the medical profession.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Female parents, human or animal.
Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.
The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.
A relational pattern in which a person attempts to derive a sense of purpose through relationships with others.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Autonomy Levels for Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) Framework. Volume I: Terminology. National Institute of Standards and Technology. ...
85-107, ISBN 978-2-85892-522-3, retrieved 2020-12-11 Daftary, Farimah (October 2000). "Insular Autonomy: A Framework for ...
... and developing tools to apply gender perspectives in disarmament frameworks. Middle East Weapons of Mass Destruction Free Zone ... and understanding the implications of increasing autonomy. Gender and Disarmament - Promoting dialogue and knowledge sharing to ...
This legal framework was implemented with varying degree of rigor. In some periods or towns, all inhabitants apparently used ... Non-Muslim (dhimmi) communities had legal autonomy to adjudicate their internal affairs. Over the centuries, Sunni Islam muftis ... Hajjar, Lisa (2004). "Religion, State Power, and Domestic Violence in Muslim Societies: A Framework for Comparative Analysis". ... Dhimmi communities had legal autonomy to adjudicate their internal affairs. Cases involving litigants from two different ...
Zhu also serves as Director of the UCLA Center for Vision, Cognition, Learning and Autonomy (VCLA). In 2005, Zhu founded the ... His chief research interest has resided in pursuing a unified statistical and computational framework for vision and ... The institute is expected to gather professional researchers, scholars and experts, to put Zhu's theoretical framework of ... Focusing upon developing a unifying statistical framework for the early vision representations presented in David Marr's ...
Personalization and Shared Autonomy in Assistive Technologies. Ph. Thesis. Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. 2012 ... According to the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (3rd ed.; AOTA, 2014), occupations include areas ... C. ...
Internal autonomy was granted in 1934, and independence in 1946. Most countries in the region enjoy national autonomy. ... ASEAN provides a framework for the integration of commerce and regional responses to international concerns. China has asserted ...
This was not the autonomy or independence which Armenian intellectuals had dreamed of and for which a generation of youth had ... Operating within the autonomous framework. That same year, Said Nursi travelled through the Diyarbakir region and urged Kurds ... Kurds who were fighting for autonomy in the same region of the inspectorates were classified as Muslim. In 1908, the Ottoman ... Hoping that it would gain their people autonomy within the empire. However, due to shifting national borders in the Balkans, ...
Earp, Brian (October 2015). "Female genital mutilation and male circumcision: toward an autonomy-based ethical framework". ...
The demands include: Full autonomy within the framework of the Indian constitution. a) To keep 70% of seats reserved for the ... They gave up the demand for independence for Assam and instead sought maximum autonomy for the state. 'A' company had been ... best efforts and our decision to climb down from our earlier demand of sovereignty or independence to seeking greater autonomy ...
Autonomy and control: A sense of autonomy and control over what happens around and to us. Status: A sense of status - being ... The human givens approach uses a framework of nine needs, which map onto these three groups. The human givens model proposes ... April 2000). "Daily Well-Being: The Role of Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin ... They gather these motivational forces into three groups - autonomy, competence and relatedness. ...
The college was granted autonomy by the UGC on 13 June 2014. College ranked 79 in All India Ranking by National Institutional ... Ranking Framework in 2020. The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) awarded Five Star status to St. Berchmans' ...
The framework merely concerned autonomy of the inhabitants of West Bank and Gaza. It neither mentions the status of Jerusalem, ... The framework itself consists of 3 parts. The first part of the framework was to establish an autonomous self-governing ... The first framework (A Framework for Peace in the Middle East), which dealt with the Palestinian territories, was written ... The second of these frameworks (A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel) led directly to the ...
The minority nations of Spain and European integration: A new framework for autonomy?', Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies, ... The Statute of Autonomy introduced at that time defines this region as a nationality. In a later Statute of Autonomy, approved ... which were selected to receive a greater degree of autonomy sooner, but later amendments have increased the autonomy of most ... A degree of autonomy was obtained in 1913 with the formation of a Mancomunitat, wherein the four provinces of Catalonia were ...
This includes control of the project's schedule, languages, algorithms, tools, frameworks and coding style. A cowboy coder can ... Cowboy coding is software development where programmers have autonomy over the development process. ...
It regulates the framework for autonomy, structure and bodies of Higher Education Institutions. It provides for the assessment ... Framework and regulations for postgraduate studies "Find and Compare Qualifications Frameworks". European Commission. "European ... and thus to other qualifications frameworks across the European Union. The regulated framework for Greece higher education ... at level 6 of Greece's National Qualification Framework (NQF), European Qualifications Framework (EQF), or International ...
The World Education Forum's Framework for Action Education 2030 (the Incheon Declaration, WEF 2015) notes the importance of ... Managed autonomy for public training providers and an expansion of private training provision. Developing and implementing an ... Development of national and regional qualifications frameworks; Introduction of new quality assurance mechanisms; ... achieving the SDG education targets and the necessity of integrating education into wider socio-economic development frameworks ...
In its current legislative framework, the NMC spends nearly 80% of its income of fitness to practise hearings. The revised ... The bill would give healthcare regulators in the UK more autonomy. The NMC's Chief Executive and Registrar Jackie Smith ... Smith, Jackie (7 April 2014). "Bill needs push to sweep away 'inflexible' healthcare regulation framework". The Guardian. ...
Self-access language learning is closely related to learner-centered approach, learner autonomy and self-directed learning as ... ED 467863 (ERIC). Rodden, Michael (2007). "Self-Access: A framework for diversity". Archived from the original on 2007-08-17. ... learner autonomy or self-directed learning. These centers exist primarily in Asia, Europe and North America. Use of such ... to foster autonomy and self-directive study strategies among students. The Language Learning Center at Offutt Air Force Base, ...
... the framework of social intolerance in Japan; (9) the proliferation of media stereotypes; and (10) the inadequacy of media ... its history of defiance and autonomy; (4) the Japanese media's dependence on large corporate advertisers; (5) the existence of ... promising access to legitimate and legitimizing practices associated with a pedagogical framework. This was crucial in Japan of ...
McCormick, Thomas (2005). "American Hegemony and European Autonomy, 1989-2003: One Framework for Understanding the War in Iraq ...
Inflation would only be controlled after the introduction of autonomy of constitutional rank in 1989. The CBoC is granted ... Central Bank of Chile: Monetary Policy in an Inflation Targeting Framework. Archived 2013-12-21 at the Wayback Machine Central ... Moreover, it was further heightened by a weak institutional framework. ...
The Belgian constitution establishes the framework for the autonomy in both community and regional affairs. The two relevant ... Flanders is both a cultural community and an economic region within the Belgian state, and has significant autonomy. ... the Flemish community has a significant amount of political autonomy. Its institutions include the Flemish Parliament and a ...
"National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Engineering)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. ... has granted autonomy to PDPU, making it one of only two private universities in India accorded this autonomy. PDPU is the first ... "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2019 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education ... "UGC Grants Autonomy To 60 Educational Institutions: Here's What It Means". Retrieved 2018-03-22. "In a historic ...
It was during Stoker's period as director, the Institute acquired greater autonomy within the University framework. It became ...
The party demanded national autonomy for Georgia within the framework of the Russian bourgeois-landlord state. Mainly based in ... In 1907, the party adopted the policy of extraterritorial national-cultural autonomy, that an individual would enjoy cultural ... and national autonomy no matter where in the Empire he/she would reside. After the 1917 October Revolution, the party formed an ...
The federal constitution protects the autonomy of municipalities within the framework set out by cantonal law. Municipalities ... Municipalities are financed through direct taxes (such as income tax), with rates varying more or less within a framework set ...
2013 "A Conceptual Framework for Non-Native Instructors who Teach Adult Native American Students at the University," co- ... Immigrant Women and Physical Autonomy." co- authored with Jessica Lavariega Monforti 35 Journal of Women, Politics and Policy 1 ... Cramer, Buckmiller, Renee, Tom (June 2013). "A Conceptual Framework for Non-Native Instructors Who Teach Adult Native American ... Immigrant Women and Physical Autonomy". Women, Politics, and Policy. 35 (1): 1-30. doi:10.1080/1554477X.2014.863695. ...
This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies". The autonomous communities are ... Translation of terms "Autonomies" (in Spanish: autonomías, in Basque: autonomien, in Catalan/Valencian: autonomies, in Galician ... After a massive rally in support of autonomy, a referendum was organized for Andalusia to attain autonomy through the strict ... willingness to accede to autonomy, unity in diversity, autonomy but not sovereignty of the communities, and solidarity among ...
The name of the kingdom was changed to Privislinsky Krai, which was reduced to a tsarist province; it lost all autonomy and ... Kierbedź Bridge over the Vistula in Warsaw (c. 1900). This framework bridge was constructed by Stanisław Kierbedź in 1850-1864 ...
Although their political structure and autonomy varies widely, union leaderships are usually formed through democratic ... which provides the basis for agreements as well as a framework for discord between unions on one side and employers or ...
This model incorporates a strict hierarchy of authority and a considerable degree of autonomy for its governing bodies. ... globalization may also lead to an erosion of national regulatory frameworks for education. In a globalized environment where ... Borders were opened, leading to free mobility and autonomy of universities in curricula and management. New laws concerning ... the national character of educational frameworks will potentially cause problems. ...
autonomy - the patient has the right to refuse or choose their treatment. (Voluntas aegroti suprema lex.) ... Values such as these do not give answers as to how to handle a particular situation, but provide a useful framework for ... For example, some argue that the principles of autonomy and beneficence clash when patients refuse blood transfusions, ... Legal, credentialing and financing frameworks are established by individual governments, augmented on occasion by international ...
Research in the U.K. by Trist and Bamforth (1951) suggested the reduction in autonomy that accompanied organizational changes ... Bennett, J.B., Cook, R.F., & Pelletier, K.R. (2011). An integral framework for organizational wellness: Core technology, ... having autonomy).[60] These two forms of job control are traditionally assessed together in a composite measure of decision ... autonomy and control over the job) combined with high workloads (high levels of work demands) can be particularly harmful to ...
H. Hannum, Autonomy, Sovereignty, and Self-determination, 534 pp., University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996, ISBN 0-8122-1572-9, ... Kurds gained political office and started working within the framework of the Turkish Republic to further their interests, but ... In March 1970, Iraq announced a peace plan providing for Kurdish autonomy. The plan was to be implemented in four years.[217] ... Some of the Kurdish groups sought self-determination and the confirmation of Kurdish autonomy in the 1920 Treaty of Sèvres, but ...
If we want French civilization to survive, it must be fitted into the framework of a great European civilization. Why? I have ... Sartre uses the idea of the autonomy of the will (that morality is derived from our ability to choose in reality; the ability ... but also its political and economic autonomy, with the aim of making Europe a single force between the blocs, not a third bloc ... But this cultural polity has prospects only as elements of a policy which defends Europe's cultural autonomy vis-à-vis America ...
Movement for the Autonomies) and visiting a housing center for illegal immigrants. She said: "Europe can't welcome everyone... ... maintenance and funding of places of worship to be a matter for groups of worshippers operating within a regulated framework.[ ... solution for peace in Ukraine to be a kind of federation that would allow each region to have a large degree of autonomy.[141] ...
Islamic feminists advocate women's rights, gender equality, and social justice grounded in an Islamic framework. Although ... This is done through the advocation of the female autonomy in line with the guideline of the Qur'an. Feminist theologians like ...
... or machine is uniquely positioned with autonomy to contribute to a problem-solving network. Collaborative autonomy of organisms ... and frameworks to support collaborative problem-solving.[13] ... corresponds to the principle of collaborative autonomy in ...
... focuses on how society could achieve an altruistic social framework.[60] Ashlag proposed that such a framework is the purpose ...
Intersex women exposed to such treatment have spoken of their loss of physical sensation, and loss of autonomy.[13][14] In ... Rodriguez said that a male's penis created the framework of the sexual organ.[11] ...
In particular, possible-world theory provides a useful vocabulary and conceptual framework with which to describe such worlds. ... a literary universe is granted autonomy in much the same way as the actual universe. ... relates to the framework of cultural relativism and, depending on the ontological status ascribed to possible worlds, warrants ...
New Zealand official interoperability framework definition[edit]. The E-Government Interoperability Framework (e-GIF) [27] ... 1. Cooperation Respectful cooperation between standards organizations, whereby each respects the autonomy, integrity, processes ... European Interoperability Framework for Pan-European eGovernment Services[edit]. The European Union defined the term for use ... "New Zealand E-Government Interoperability Framework (e-GIF)" version 3.0, June, 22nd 2007" (PDF). Retrieved 18 March ...
As part of a new National Curriculum Framework, it will apply to all basic schools for students aged 7-16 years old. Finnish ... Teachers, who are fully unionized, follow state curriculum guidelines but are accorded a great deal of autonomy as to methods ...
Aboriginal people traditionally adhered to animist spiritual frameworks. Within Aboriginal belief systems, a formative epoch ... "individual autonomy".[121][122] These findings were criticised by the government's Indigenous Affairs Minister Jenny Macklin, ...
On many campuses directors of black studies have little to no autonomy-they do not have the power to hire or grant tenure to ... and AASU used Hare's framework to create a set of criteria.[14] A Black Studies Program was implemented by UC Berkeley ...
The people of Israel had religious, economic and cultural autonomy, and the Bar Kochba revolt demonstrated the unity of Israel ... was a psycho-spiritual framework that was not wholly dependent on the conditions of life in diasporic exile, since one could ...
"Discrimination Based on Sex, Caste, Religion and Disability A Conceptual Framework. National Human Rights Commission. Archived ... The resolution was made fundamental to Bhindranwale's cause as the demand for autonomy was phrased such a way that would have ... in collaboration with Bhindranwale to win more autonomy for Punjab. The movement was hijacked by Bhindranwale who declared that ... the Akali Dal then put forward the Anandpur Sahib Resolution in 1973 to demand radical devolution of power and further autonomy ...
... which many Ashkenazi Jews study outside of the Yeshiva framework. Another trend is the new popularity of ecstatic worship in ... they were accorded administrative autonomy.[75] ...
a b Sarkozy offers autonomy vote for Martinique, AFP *^ "Constitution du 4 octobre 1958" [Constitution of 4 October 1958]. www. ... within the framework of article 73 of the French Constitution. This replaces and exercises the skills of the General Council ... Greater autonomy was granted by France to the island in the 1970s-80s[6] ... Sarkozy offered Martiniquans a referendum on the island's future status and degree of autonomy.[22] ...
Schlegel, Alice (1972) Male dominance and female autonomy: domestic authority in matrilineal societies. HRAF Press. (review) ... with many people still living in the abusua framework presented above.[34] ...
The Philippine Autonomy Act of 1916 provided the framework for the creation of an autonomous government under which the ... Semi-autonomy[edit]. The term semi-autonomy (coined with prefix semi- / "half") designates partial or limited autonomy. As a ... Riis, A.H. Autonomy, culture and healthcare.. *^ Sandman, Lars (2012). "Adherence, Shared Decision-Making and Patient Autonomy ... Institutional autonomy[edit]. Institutional autonomy is having the capacities as a legislator to be able to implant and pursue ...
Framework for Intervention - Free education - Free school meals - French immersion - Froebel Gifts - Frosh - Functional ... Learner autonomy - Learning by teaching - Learning cycle - Learning disability - Learning sciences - Learning styles - Learning ...
Rational choice theory is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behaviour. ... has also acquired a degree of autonomy as practitioners from various disciplines share in its aims and methods. ... changing the basic framework by which individuals understood what was "scientific". Social sciences came forth from the moral ... continue to provide usable frameworks for massive, growing data banks; for more, see consilience. The social sciences will for ...
Gertrudis van de Vijver (1994), New Perspectives on Cybernetics: Self-Organization, Autonomy and Connectionism, p.97 ... Ralf-Eckhard Türke (2008), A second-order notion of Governance: Governance - Systemic Foundation and Framework (Contributions ... Jean-Pierre Dupuy, "The autonomy of social reality: on the contribution of systems theory to the theory of society" in: Elias L ... autonomy, self-consistency, self-referentiality, and self-organizing capabilities of complex systems. It has been characterised ...
He skillfully managed political conflict and reined in tendencies toward autonomy. He appointed a number of military officers ... with the constitution providing that framework.[15] 1920-40 is often considered to be a phase of the revolution, as government ... when he dropped all attempts to rule within a legal framework and began murdering political opponents while battling ... so that the new society took shape within a framework of official revolutionary institutions", ...
The European Commission's preference, as exemplified in the 5th Framework[82] as well as currently pursued pilot projects,[83] ... HIPAA gives patients the autonomy and control over their own health records.[111] Furthermore, according to the U.S. Department ... 5. Circulate the completed health information framework and health data model to the partnership members for review and ... Mettler T, Raptis DA (June 2012). "What constitutes the field of health information systems? Fostering a systematic framework ...
WTO members do not have to be fully independent states; they need only be a customs territory with full autonomy in the conduct ... The WTO establishes a framework for trade policies; it does not define or specify outcomes. That is, it is concerned with ... and shall also provide the framework for the implementation, administration and operation of the multilateral Trade Agreements. ... services and intellectual property between participating countries by providing a framework for negotiating trade agreements ...
They self-consciously defended their own actions within the framework of a white American discourse of resistance against ... which gave the freedmen greater economic independence and social autonomy than gang labor. However, because they lacked capital ...
... context-sensitive and flexible framework for the development of pedagogy for autonomy in language education. The «framework» ... Mapping Autonomy in Language Education A Framework for Learner and Teacher Development. Series: *Foreign Language Teaching in ... The book proposes a common definition for learner and teacher autonomy within a vision of education as transformation and ... Pedagogy for autonomy is operationalized through a set of ten general principles. ...
... context-sensitive and flexible framework for the development of pedagogy for autonomy in language education. The «framework» ... Mapping Autonomy in Language Education A Framework for Learner and Teacher Development. Series: *Foreign Language Teaching in ... In this book, our focus on pedagogy for autonomy in language education is also motivated by high aspirations, namely the ... The book proposes a common definition for learner and teacher autonomy within a vision of education as transformation and ...
Dependence and Autonomy in Old Age An Ethical Framework for Long-term Care. Agich, George Published: September 2003Published: ...
Regulatory framework emerging as autonomy becomes reality. *26-Oct-2017 02:51 EDT ... Regulatory framework emerging as autonomy becomes reality - SAE International style="width:100%;"> ...
Autonomy and trust in bioethics. [Onora ONeill] -- Onora ONeill suggests that the conceptions of individual autonomy (so ... Principled autonomy --. The failings of individual autonomy --. Human rights as a basic framework? --. Grounding human rights ... Varieties of autonomy --. Autonomy, individuality and consent --. The origins of individual autonomy --. Individual autonomy in ... Kant and principled autonomy --. Principled autonomy and human obligations --. Taking principled autonomy seriously --. ...
Functions, Resources, and Autonomy of Decentralized Entities. The decentralization law assigned new functions to the regional ... Background, Objectives, and Legal Framework. Economic stability was a favorable factor for the institutional innovations ... and also the entities have limited autonomy in the use of these resources. The Ministry of Interior, through the General ...
Nursing Praxis Framework Analysis. 933 Words , 4 Pages. *. Nursing: A Definition Of Professional Autonomy In Nursing. 837 Words ... Nursing Praxis Framework Analysis. 933 Words , 4 Pages. Framework for Praxis The author is pursuing the Pediatric Primary Care ... Professional Autonomy in Nursing refers to the ability of the nurse to act based on her knowledge and judgement. ... Nursing: A Definition Of Professional Autonomy In Nursing. 837 Words , 4 Pages. They were just meant to assist the physician ...
... are bringing this technology a step closer to reality in order to give disabled people more autonomy and independence than ever ... BrainAble received research funding under the European Unions Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). The project was also selected ... Autonomy and social inclusion through mixed-reality brain-computer interfaces: connecting the disabled to their physical and ... Autonomy and social inclusion through mixed reality Brain-Computer Interfaces: Connecting the disabled to their physical and ...
Amongst traditionally-available frameworks within which end-of-life decisions in Intensive Care Units (ICU) are situated, we ... Predicated on this framework, we revisit the concepts of personhood and autonomy. We argue that a full account of personhood ... Introduction: Autonomy refigured. In Relational autonomy: Feminist perspectives on autonomy, agency, and the social self, ed. N ... The many faces of kantian autonomy. In The scope of autonomy: Kant and the morality of freedom, Chap. 1.2, 18. Oxford: Oxford ...
At the very least is is indispensable as a framework for understanding ,, autonomy. ,, ,, Best, ,, Terren ,, ,, On Mon, Oct 15 ...
Identification of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Through a Traceback Framework: Consent, Privacy, and Autonomy ... Identification of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Through a Traceback Framework: Consent, Privacy, and Autonomy Marc D ... Identification of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Through a Traceback Framework: Consent, Privacy, and Autonomy Marc D ... Traceback: A Proposed Framework to Increase Identification and Genetic Counseling of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Through ...
ICEA: Integrating Cognition Emotion and Autonomy. Project summary. ICEA is a four-year project, funded by IST Cognitive Systems ...
Identification of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Through a Traceback Framework: Consent, Privacy, and Autonomy.. Schwartz MD ... Traceback: A Proposed Framework to Increase Identification and Genetic Counseling of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Through ...
ICEA: Integrating Cognition Emotion and Autonomy. Project Funding: FP - European Framework Programmes ... 2006-2009: Principal investigator for ISTC-CNR of EU Integrated Project ICEA - Integrating Cognition, Emotion and Autonomy ...
"A Framework for Consciousness."Nature Neuroscience 6(2): 119-126.. Darley, John M. and Daniel C. Batson. 1973. "From Jerusalem ... Experience and Autonomy: Why Consciousness Does and Doesnt Matter. A chapter for Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral ... To those of dualistic persuasions, freedom, dignity and autonomy might be at risk should it turn out that the conscious self ... Part 3: From Soul Control to Naturalized Autonomy. As much as many philosophers and psychologists might be comfortable with a ...
Self-reported religiosity may be affected by ones cultural framework; church attendance and membership may be a stronger ... The Autonomy Preference Index (API) assessed desired level of autonomy in decision making (α = 0.86). ... Although age has been shown in other studies10,20-22,24 to be a significant predictor of trust, adding autonomy preference to ... We hypothesized that persons desiring more autonomy3,29,30 would be less trusting of physicians. We also anticipated that ...
This paper presents the results of a study on the impacts of school administration autonomy support on students` learning ... Impacts of School Administration Autonomy Support on Students Learning Motivation and Intentions to Drop out of Vocational ... Furthermore, several studies conducted in self-determination theory (SDT) framework (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Ryan & Deci, 2000) have ... This paper presents the results of a study on the impacts of school administration autonomy support on students` learning ...
Each of those would be competencies within a competency-based framework. What an EPA does is, it looks at the features of work ... that youre not very good at necessarily entrusting, someone with autonomy. Because if you really kind of hold on to it as ... the trainee more autonomy and more leeway to do what, to do what they want to do. ... UNIT 4 - ENTRUSTMENT AND AUTONOMY. The objectives for this module are that after you actively engage in the activities, you ...
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 600623Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , C0475401 Note. QC 20171009 ... Unsupervised construction of 4D semantic maps in a long-term autonomy scenario. Ambrus, Rares KTH, School of Computer Science ... long-term autonomy, mapping, temporal modeling National Category Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems) Research ...
Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment (CEFR). * CEFR Reference level ... An instrument that supports the development of learner autonomy, plurilingualism and intercultural awareness.. The European ... Language Portfolio (ELP) was developed alongside the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). It is ...
Addressing Autonomy And Interoperability In Breeding Environments. Pages 481-488. Ruokolainen, Toni (et al.) ... A Framework To Create A Virtual Organization Breeding Environment In The Mould And Die Sector ... Network-Centric Collaboration and Supporting Frameworks. Book Subtitle. IFIP TC 5 WG 5.5, Seventh IFIP Working Conference on ... Network-Centric Collaboration and Supporting Frameworks. IFIP TC 5 WG 5.5, Seventh IFIP Working Conference on Virtual ...
systematically include human rights in policy and legal frameworks; *recognise the individuals autonomy, agency and dignity; ... the denial of autonomy and legal capacity. The report concludes that, to support the full realisation of the human rights of ... overmedicalisation and treatment practices that fail to respect their autonomy, will and preferences. ...
... education systems are moving towards a combination of increased school autonomy and intensified accountability. In the wake of ... Dempster, N. C. (2009). Leadership for learning: A framework synthesising recent research. Edventures, 1(13), 1-9. ... "school and autonomy," "principal and autonomy," "head and teacher and autonomy," "school and leader and practice," "principal ... School autonomy. The dictionary defines autonomy as "self-governing," which in turn means "functioning without the control of ...
All BACP members have to work in accordance with the Ethical Framework. It helps you provide your clients with a secure base ... work with issues of identity in open-minded ways that respect the clients autonomy and be sensitive to whether this is viewed ... Ethical Framework for the Counselling Professions Formally adopted 1 July 2018 This is the full text of the Ethical Framework. ... Ethical Framework for the Counselling Professions 2018 (pdf 0.2MB) Ethical Framework for the Counselling Professions 2018 (Word ...
... rather than using a normative framework predicated upon best interests and maximising individual autonomy. ... Parental authority, future autonomy, and assessing risks of predictive genetic testing in minors. Bioethical Inquiry 2009;6:379 ... Family matters: a conceptual framework for genetic testing in children. J Genet Couns 2004;13(1):9-29. ... Genetic testing and common disorders in a public health framework: how to assess relevance and possibilities. Eur J Hum Genet ...
The right to personal autonomy has been recognized in law as a basic right of every human being. It encompasses the positive ... What are the intermediate solutions in the framework of guardianship?. A. Guardianship for limited or specific matters - a ... The Right to Personal Autonomy. The right to personal autonomy has been recognized in law as a basic right of every human being ... The right to autonomy of many people with disabilities is often injured when a guardian is appointed to oversee their affairs. ...
The concept of graduated autonomy is a framework for understanding decisions by adolescents about genetic testing. Considerable ... 2. Autonomy Examined. In order to take a "graduated" approach to autonomy, we must try to understand what the term autonomy ... I attain autonomy." From this perspective, autonomy is a state of being. Autonomy in adolescence is not necessarily a unitary ... Autonomy has been described as the ability to regulate ones own behavior [1]. One might regard autonomy as a status or an ...
Bodily Autonomy: A Framework to Guide our Future. In honor of National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (NWGHAAD), ... Webinar: Bodily Autonomy - March 9, 2017 Post created 11 months 1 day ago in the HIV Events/Conferences group by The Well ... Positive Womens Network - USA invites you to join us in asserting, honoring, and celebrating the bodily autonomy of all women ...
I would like to say a few words about the reasons why we believe this modest reform of part of the MTCR framework is both ... But other suppliers - and in particular those outside the MTCR framework, who are not bound by its strictures and who may feel ... This subset is based upon a maximum speed value - which would, in effect, update the MTCR framework to allow more permissive ... When our predecessors were trying to figure out what technological standards should be written into the MTCR framework people ...
  • An instrument that supports the development of learner autonomy, plurilingualism and intercultural awareness. (
  • Learner autonomy and learner empowerment are terms that often go together. (
  • Learner autonomy refers to self-directed learning, or a shift of responsibility for learning from teacher to student. (
  • For the purpose of this article, this should be seen as distinct from learner autonomy. (
  • Empowerment as I use the term here could result in a negotiation of classroom processes leading to learner autonomy, but there is a way to work with learners that leads toward empowerment that is independent of learners becoming self-reliant in language learning. (
  • From technological developments to the fundamental objectives behind the Council of Europe's Common European Framework, learner autonomy is a key issue in English language teaching (ELT). (
  • Although learner autonomy has received a great deal of attention from researchers and policy makers, 2008 presents an opportunity to pause and reflect on what has been achieved and, based on that experience, to explore the areas in the field of learner autonomy that ELT professionals need to research and develop in the future. (
  • This one-day symposium will provide an opportunity for ELT professionals to learn from and interact with leading professionals in the field on the important topic of learner autonomy. (
  • This book proposes a comprehensible, context-sensitive and flexible framework for the development of pedagogy for autonomy in language education. (
  • In this book, our focus on pedagogy for autonomy in language education is also motivated by high aspirations, namely the enhancement of more democratic teaching and learning practices within a vision of (language) education in schools as a space for enacting (inter). (
  • Research makes very clear that policies to enhance school autonomy do not necessarily lead to autonomy in practice. (
  • A regional analysis shows that empowerment may not always lead to autonomy. (
  • 8 This decline in the sense of autonomy is greater among PCPs compared with specialists. (
  • To the contrary, the decision to refrain from genetic testing or avoid learning its results can involve the same degree of autonomy as the decision to undertake testing and embrace its outcome. (
  • The formula of "Chinese sovereignty and Taiwan autonomy" allows the degree of autonomy to remain obscure and depend upon circumstances as they develop. (
  • A full account of autonomy also recognises relationships with others, as well as the actual reality of the patient's situation-in-the-world. (
  • But for his project to be successful he needs it to be true that autonomy has what he calls "connotative contours" that can be "captured" by his account of autonomy. (
  • In many countries, education systems are moving towards a combination of increased school autonomy and intensified accountability. (
  • Despite these trends, surprisingly little is known about how schools and school leaders use school autonomy in practice. (
  • To study the use of school autonomy in practice internationally, and, subsequently, its impact on outcomes, a classification is needed to capture the full range of school interventions. (
  • This article presents the mixed-methods construction and validation of an empirically based classification of school interventions that allows for the identification, analysis, and comparison of the actual use of school autonomy. (
  • To capture the range of school autonomy in practice, a school intervention was broadly defined as a planned action intended to cause change in the school. (
  • Because of the high level of school autonomy in the Dutch education system, the study was carried out among secondary-education school leaders in the Netherlands. (
  • During the last decades, countries all over the world have geared their education systems along the path of increasing school autonomy alongside more rigorous accountability (Cheng et al. (
  • The concept of school autonomy requires specification, as differences between countries are substantial (OECD 2011 , 2012 ). (
  • While Shanghai-China combines high levels of school autonomy in the area of resource allocation with low levels of autonomy in the area of curricula and assessment, the exact opposite is the case in Korea and New Zealand. (
  • Such specification is all the more important as school autonomy plays out differently for developing and developed countries (Hanushek et al. (
  • The concept of school autonomy also requires qualification. (
  • In this highly contentious field, there is a pressing need to advance our knowledge about the pros and cons of school autonomy and which specific forms of school autonomy result in better outcomes for students. (
  • Norway has a well-established tradition of decentralisation and school autonomy. (
  • The same question arises with respect to personal autonomy: what is it about consciousness, if anything, that it makes me a genuine author of action? (
  • The right to personal autonomy has been recognized in law as a basic right of every human being. (
  • Accordingly, the right to personal autonomy means that each individual has the right not to have a guardian appointed unless and until all other, more moderate options have been exhausted. (
  • Moreover, a "ward" (that is, a person for whom a guardian has been appointed) is still entitled to maintain their personal autonomy and to be involved in decisions relating to them. (
  • Of all the rights people with disabilities struggle to enjoy, the right to personal autonomy is the most basic right - and it is also the right that is currently most often violated in Israel. (
  • Bizchut believes that the right to personal autonomy implies the right of every individual to determine their own life and make their own decisions. (
  • Bizchut is working in several spheres to promote the right to personal autonomy of people with disabilities. (
  • Professional Autonomy in Nursing refers to the ability of the nurse to act based on her knowledge and judgement. (
  • 9-12 One explanation for diminishing satisfaction among PCPs may be a decreasing sense of professional autonomy. (
  • The «framework» metaphor highlights the effort to identify structuring elements in the authors' stance towards pedagogy for autonomy, which fall into three domains -the context, the learner, and the teacher. (
  • In order to understand the right to autonomy and the way it can be maintained in the context of the appointment of guardians, several important concepts should be clarified. (
  • This paper focuses on graduated autonomy in the context of genetic testing during adolescence. (
  • In fact, I argue that conceiving of these assessments in terms of autonomy and decision-making, as Juth and Lorentzon propose, opens up the possibility of linking this type of assessment to another assessment, that of competence to decide about treatment options within the context of informed consent. (
  • Moreover, women's agency is exercised in such a way that it leads to empowerment only in a particular context or state of women's autonomy. (
  • Autonomy must be granted within the context of the national health system and national health objectives and be consistent with those aims and their underlying societal values. (
  • In the SRC subproject ERGO, a team of European partners developed a software framework that enables the robust and autonomous operation of robots in the context of space missions. (
  • The book proposes a common definition for learner and teacher autonomy within a vision of education as transformation and empowerment. (
  • Women's agency, autonomy and empowerment are widely used ideas in development literature. (
  • While women's well-being and women's agency is sufficiently distinguished from each other, there seems to be a large overlap between agency and empowerment and between agency and autonomy. (
  • This paper attempts to examine the degree of empowerment and autonomy across different characteristics like place of residence, religion, caste, education, type of employment and wealth quintiles at the individual as well as the regional levels. (
  • This paper uses NFHS-3 data on selected variables of women's empowerment and autonomy. (
  • This article proposes a framework for thinking about learner empowerment, discussing the assumptions underlying it, its development, and derived activities and principles. (
  • The framework is called "the ABC's of learner empowerment," because all of its keywords start with one of those three letters, and I see all of them as central in an empowering education. (
  • The ABC's of learner empowerment" framework was developed as one way to address the centrality of learners in education, when working with marginalized students. (
  • Before going on to a consideration of the framework itself, then, it is worth looking at how the term "empowerment" will be used here. (
  • It seems to me that because the focus of most literature in the autonomy vein has as its focus the teacher-student relationship, empowerment itself is often left unexplored (not a criticism). (
  • In The scope of autonomy: Kant and the morality of freedom , Chap. 1.2, 18. (
  • Because the patient's autonomy is intimately linked to their relationships with others, once critical illness supervenes, respect for their autonomy devolves to those others with whom the patient is in relationship. (
  • The ANA concludes: "VSED at the end of life is used to hasten death, and is a reflection of autonomy and the patient's desire for control. (
  • Respect for persons involves two ethical considerations: (1) individuals are and should be treated as autonomous agents and (2) individuals with diminished autonomy, due to youth, illness, mental disability, or restricted liberty (e.g., prisoners) should receive additional protections. (
  • It's much better to build the Ethical Framework into your practice to help you face challenges and issues rather than just turning to it if something goes wrong. (
  • 7 Meanwhile, it is undeniable that in practice, the concept of autonomy is perceived of as less problematic than free will. (
  • Logistic regression analysis identified physician characteristics, practice characteristics, practice improvement strategies, perceived complexity, and perceived autonomy that accounted for variance in career satisfaction among physicians. (
  • There is nothing very surprising here, but the authors make the point that a framework such as this may clarify difficult issues, raise awareness, start debate and provide a basis for evaluation of practice (Anderberg et al. (
  • We aim to develop the science of autonomy toward a future with robots and AI systems integrated into everyday life, supporting people with cognitive and physical tasks. (
  • Chapter 4 elaborates the ecological view in terms of "the cognitive metaphor," attributing concepts of agency and autonomy to immune phenomena. (
  • Consent is essential to autonomy. (
  • We illustrate the scope of the framework by reporting the results of its application to two health policy documents from (Northern) Sudan: the rather generalist Health Policy of (Northern) Sudan, and the more specific National Drug Policy of (Northern) Sudan. (
  • I doubt if one can find a textbook or reader in bioethics that does not have autonomy in its index. (
  • The book is intended to do two things: first, to develop a defensible version of the concept of autonomy, and second, to develop a concept useful to those who are working in the area of bioethics. (
  • But he wants to develop an account of practical autonomy that will be judgmentally relevant to debates in "moral philosophy, in general, and bioethics, in particular" (p. 51). (
  • naturalizing our conceptions of freedom and autonomy. (
  • We aim to develop a systematic framework for robots to build models of the world and to use these to make effective and safe choices of actions to take in complex scenarios. (
  • EquiFrame is a systematic policy analysis framework that assesses the degree to which 21 core concepts of human rights and 12 vulnerable groups are mentioned and endorsed in health policy documents. (
  • GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks: a systematic and transparent approach to making well informed healthcare choices. (
  • these are good as their current kind of competency frameworks. (
  • Each of those would be competencies within a competency-based framework. (
  • Of particular relevance are the topics of modeling frameworks, value systems and competency management, trust building and risk, performance indicators and network management, collaboration platforms and tools, VO creation and negotiation, and applications in industry and services. (
  • Beyond the modifications of terminology (French Polynesia's substitution to the territory of French Polynesia), the 1996 Statute strengthens autonomy by making new transfers of competences to the benefit of French Polynesia and allowing Polynesia to participate To the exercise of certain powers of the State. (
  • Autonomy has come up with a solution to do just that, while Laserfiche produces a governance framework for public sector workers. (
  • The crucial central board meeting of the Reserve Bank, the first under the new governor Shaktikanta Das, agreed to discuss the governance framework of the central bank further. (
  • Further scholarship and analysis is needed to refine the concept of graduated autonomy and examine its applications. (
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships of both perceived autonomy and perceived complexity of care with career satisfaction. (
  • have considerable economic and regulatory autonomy within the framework of the National Health System. (
  • The general legal framework for the organisation, administration and provision of education in Romania is established through the Constitution, the National Education Law - a fundamental law, ordinary laws and governmental ordinances. (
  • The legal framework is a critical element for successfully structuring the autonomous hospital. (
  • The Bill sets out a legal framework for the integration of adult health and social care in Scotland and is focussed on improving outcomes for people by providing consistency in the quality of services, ensuring people are not unnecessarily delayed in hospital and maintaining independence by creating integrated health and social care services that support people to stay safely at home for longer. (
  • Scotland has an established and complex legal framework for the provision of care and support, particularly in relation to care at home and in care homes. (
  • One Swedish team, for example, has developed a concept analysis of the meaning of 'preserving dignity' as a theoretical framework for nursing older people. (
  • Pedagogy for autonomy is operationalized through a set of ten general principles. (
  • These are distinguished from the normative principles underpinning predictive genetic testing of children for adult-onset diseases-namely, to make best-interests judgements and to preserve autonomy. (
  • The principles comprise professional Attitudes, Behaviours, Compassion and Dialogue, and together form a framework for teaching, practising and evaluating care (Chochinov, 2007). (
  • This means that independent operation via autonomy is only a stepping stone to the larger goal of interdependent collaboration with teams of people and machines. (
  • This philosophy permeates projects that involve autonomy from IHMC's scientists including Jeffrey Bradshaw ( Software Agents ), Peter Neuhaus ( Exoskeletons ) and Jerry Pratt ( Humanoid Robots ). (
  • Conceding that she was holding dual charge, Sandhu told the Hindustan Times that Prasar Bharati worked within a framework. (
  • To a greater or lesser degree, we exercise autonomy and assume moral responsibility for choosing our goals and charting our course. (
  • Furthermore, this paper will discuss how the author's philosophical viewpoint and theoretical framework affect how she views her phenomenon of interest on newborn screening for critical congenital heart defects (CCHD). (
  • In each domain, the authors raise ethical, conceptual and practical issues that are crucial to their perspective and offer a basis for reflection on learner and teacher development towards learner and teacher autonomy. (
  • This paper aims to provide a succinct discussion of the ideological, theoretical, and ethical framework that influences the author's praxis. (
  • To ensure that innovation does not outpace thoughtful consideration of ethical issues, an ethical framework such as that proposed below can be used as a decision-making tool. (
  • The framework sets out key ethical objectives and values relevant to a decision. (
  • This book discusses some of the most critical ethical issues in mental health care today, including the moral dimensions of addiction, patient autonomy and compulsory treatment, privacy and confidentiality, and the definition of mental illness itself. (
  • Human freedom, responsibility and autonomy have traditionally been linked to or even identified with conscious control of behavior, where consciousness is widely understood as possibly non-identical with its neural correlates. (
  • One can pose the question of responsibility and accountability in terms of control and control in terms of a conception of autonomy that is neutral on the traditional metaphysical question of free will [Ref. 3 , p 5]. (
  • Another argument against their claim that autonomy would be neutral to free will concerns their concept of autonomy in terms of control. (
  • The combination of autonomous robot technologies and direct user control in a shared-control teleoperation framework can help to overcome the involved challenges. (
  • Autonomic features and autonomy requires a fundamental theory behind and solid control mechanisms. (
  • building the 'control and autonomy' framework. (
  • The testbed operates on standardised mid-ware ROS for testing of modular autonomy functions and applications, and employs a full range of control, data acquisition and analysis, and adjustable gravity effect. (
  • 6DOF grasping mechanisms in a complete range of control modes from tele-operation to full autonomy, under disturbances and uncertainties caused by orbital dynamics, occlusion and sensor noise affecting precision and accuracy of the manipulation and capturing systems. (
  • System V&V against ground truth and benchmarks for proximity guidance, navigation, control and autonomy. (
  • maintaining autonomy and control (Chochinov et al. (
  • Tell you how we think about autonomous control, how we think about autonomy. (
  • Loss of autonomy triggers grief over the lost sense of control and the struggle to maintain a sense of self. (
  • One might regard autonomy as a status or an achievement, for example, " When I reach maturity, I attain autonomy . (
  • A review of the successful experience of Kenyatta National Hospital and its process of introducing autonomy, with regard to governance, operations and management, and finances, lead to several conclusions on replicability. (
  • CONCLUSIONS Religiosity, autonomy preference, and acculturation were strongly related to trust in one's physician among the Japanese American and Japanese samples studied and may provide avenues to enhance the physician-patient relationship. (
  • Autonomy includes both the right to know and the right not to know one's genetic status" [ 1 ]. (
  • Autonomy has been described as the ability to regulate one's own behavior [ 1 ]. (
  • In addition, they point to an essential aspect of autonomy thus understood: "Another factor determining the autonomy of an individual is the capacity to make decisions from one's desires: decision competence" (Ref. 3 , p 5). (
  • 3. Loss of autonomy: The lost ability to manage one's own life and affairs. (
  • Traceback: A Proposed Framework to Increase Identification and Genetic Counseling of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Through Family-Based Outreach. (
  • Drawing upon various developmental theories, this paper introduces the concept of graduated autonomy, identifies its core elements, and explores its application to adolescent genetic testing. (
  • It then reviews genetic testing recommendations by various professional and political bodies and compares them for consistency with criteria for graduated autonomy. (
  • Understand how to appropriately facilitate resident autonomy and grant trainee suitable entrustment of patient care to enhance education. (
  • And what might affect the amount of autonomy you give to your learners? (
  • This framework can be a helpful decision-making tool as stakeholders and researchers seek to move forward with promising technologies in a responsible and accountable manner. (
  • The European Language Portfolio (ELP) was developed alongside the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). (
  • The fact that, when critically ill, the patient may no longer be able to take an active role in decision-making does not bring about the end of their personhood, or of their autonomy. (
  • 5 , 9 , 11 In recent years, patient trust has been challenged by perceived conflicts of interest inherent in managed care 8 , 15 - 20 and by societal changes leading to increased patient autonomy and information access. (
  • 21 , 23 Increased patient age is related to a higher level of trust in physicians, 10 , 20 - 22 , 24 but it is unknown whether patient desire for autonomy or religiosity (both related to age) play a role in this finding. (
  • Higher perceived autonomy and lower perceived patient complexity as higher than desirable were associated with high career satisfaction among primary care physicians. (
  • it extends medical authority rather than enhancing patient autonomy, with deeply damaging unintended consequences. (
  • The framework represents a view of education that seeks to help marginalized people capitalize on their marginality to become agents of cultural change. (
  • Pitching for respecting the institutional autonomy of the RBI, he said the central bank has the liberty to say no if the government pushes it to be lenient. (
  • In reducing disabling depressive symptoms like anhedonia and decrease of energy, DBS for treatment resistant MDD thus rather seems to be an opportunity to substantially increase autonomy than a threat to it. (
  • In cases of illness and disability, lost autonomy (and often lost identity) marks every step they take. (
  • Our autonomy infused teleoperation architecture combines computer vision, user-intent inference and human robot arbitration in order to produce supervised autonomous manipulation. (
  • Additionally, success is highly dependent on the extent to which there is adequate funding during the process of attaining autonomy due to the length of the transition period needed. (
  • This paper reviews some established eligibility criteria for inpatient rehabilitation by examining a framework used in Montreal, Québec, Canada for assessing rehabilitation eligibility and by applying this framework to a case study. (
  • This development has been seen as indicating a malfunction in the Fair Access to Care Services scheme, which provided a framework for applying eligibility criteria and allocating resources. (
  • Our aim is to give people with motor disabilities as much autonomy as technology currently allows and in turn greatly improve their quality of life,' says Felip Miralles at Barcelona Digital Technology Centre, a Spanish ICT research centre. (
  • Such a framework would be strengthened by complementary empirical research. (
  • Firstly, Bizchut is participating in discussions held by the Ministry of Justice regarding the amendment of the Legal Capacity Law in order to include more moderate and limited solutions that respect individual will and autonomy. (
  • [2] Utilizing the framework of intersectionality , it is important to recognize that an individual may simultaneously hold membership in multiple minority groups (e.g. both a racial and religious minority). (
  • Juth and Lorentzon not only propose to conceive of forensic assessment of criminal responsibility in terms of autonomy and decision-making, but they also claim that autonomy is neutral to the matter of free will. (
  • Therefore, I do not think that replacing free will with autonomy provides a watertight distinction between the assessment of criminal responsibility and the concept of free will. (
  • This book provides, for Norway, an independent analysis from an international perspective of major issues facing the evaluation and assessment framework in education along with current policy initiatives and possible future approaches. (
  • The BrainAble team are working on advanced brain-computer interface (BCI) systems, ambient intelligence (AmI), virtual reality (VR) and other technologies that individually offer important benefits to people with disabilities, but which, when used in combination, promise unprecedented autonomy. (
  • Autonomy is a means of inspiring choice and guiding decisions, but it is not, I submit, an all-or-nothing proposition. (
  • In order to take a "graduated" approach to autonomy, we must try to understand what the term autonomy means in the first place. (
  • The key to the solution, Professor Fairbank believes, lies in the concept of tzu-chih , which literally means "self rule" and is usually translated "autonomy. (
  • By this he means something like a consensus on very general truths about the nature of autonomy. (
  • The concept of "graduated autonomy" is conceived as comprising several unique features: (1) it is incremental, (2) it is proportional, and (3) it is related to the telos of the life stage during which it occurs. (
  • Autonomy in adolescence is not necessarily a unitary concept, however [ 2 ]. (
  • Recently, Juth and Lorentzon proposed to replace the concept of free will, as considered relevant in criminal responsibility, with the concept of autonomy. (
  • To avoid problems associated with the concept of free will, they propose to replace free will with the concept of autonomy. (
  • In other words, the concept of autonomy may very well be directly related to the metaphysical concept of free will. (
  • This paper reviews the key elements of the concept of hospital autonomy, the reasons for its expanded use in many countries and a specific example of making a major teaching hospital autonomous in Kenya. (
  • It would be more realistic for the Nixon administration to leave the question open: to recognize Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan, the legal concept which expresses the traditional unity of the Chinese realm, and within that framework to take note of Taiwan autonomy, a fact of the last twenty years which may yet continue for some time to come. (
  • A new graduate student might understandably believe that the concept of autonomy has been a serious topic of discussion for the last hundred years. (
  • An interesting sociological question is which factors account for the recent prominence of the concept of autonomy. (
  • Chapter 1 is devoted to developing a concept of practical autonomy with various conditions. (
  • The fundamental principle of Coactive Design is that interdependence must shape autonomy. (
  • They also endure unlawful or arbitrary institutionalisation, overmedicalisation and treatment practices that fail to respect their autonomy, will and preferences. (
  • The consortium of the INFUSE project, which also includes the DFKI, implemented a comprehensive framework for the fusion of heterogeneous sensor data to achieve the most accurate motion planning and navigation of space robots. (
  • While schools in Poland have seen their levels of autonomy in resource allocation decrease quite dramatically between 2000 and 2009, schools in Italy were granted much more autonomy during those years (Hanushek et al. (
  • PCPs are experiencing a loss of perceived autonomy, 14 possibly because of incentives designed to decrease services and expenses. (