Breaks in bones.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
Fractures of the femur.
Broken bones in the vertebral column.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
Breaks in bones resulting from low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration characteristic of OSTEOPOROSIS.
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.
Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.
Fractures of the larger bone of the forearm.
The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
Fractures of the lower jaw.
Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.
Crumbling or smashing of cancellous BONE by forces acting parallel to the long axis of bone. It is applied particularly to vertebral body fractures (SPINAL FRACTURES). (Blauvelt and Nelson, A Manual of Orthopedic Terminology, 1994, p4)
Fractures of the articular surface of a bone.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.
Fractures of the bones in the orbit, which include parts of the frontal, ethmoidal, lacrimal, and sphenoid bones and the maxilla and zygoma.
Fracture of the lower end of the radius in which the lower fragment is displaced posteriorly.
The bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of BONE FRACTURES during normal healing.
Fractures around joint replacement prosthetics or implants. They can occur intraoperatively or postoperatively.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Injuries to the wrist or the wrist joint.
Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.
Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.
Fractures of the upper jaw.
External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.
Fractures of the zygoma.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.
Injuries to the part of the upper limb of the body between the wrist and elbow.
Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
The shaft of long bones.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The eight bones of the wrist: SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; TRIQUETRUM BONE; PISIFORM BONE; TRAPEZIUM BONE; TRAPEZOID BONE; CAPITATE BONE; and HAMATE BONE.
Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.
The toothlike process on the upper surface of the axis, which articulates with the CERVICAL ATLAS above.
Procedures to repair or stabilize vertebral fractures, especially compression fractures accomplished by injecting BONE CEMENTS into the fractured VERTEBRAE.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Organic compounds which contain P-C-P bonds, where P stands for phosphonates or phosphonic acids. These compounds affect calcium metabolism. They inhibit ectopic calcification and slow down bone resorption and bone turnover. Technetium complexes of diphosphonates have been used successfully as bone scanning agents.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
The bone which is located most lateral in the proximal row of CARPAL BONES.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.
Fractures of the upper or lower jaw.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Fractures which extend through the base of the SKULL, usually involving the PETROUS BONE. Battle's sign (characterized by skin discoloration due to extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue behind the ear and over the mastoid process), CRANIAL NEUROPATHIES, TRAUMATIC; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; and CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA are relatively frequent sequelae of this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p876)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A bone that forms the lower and anterior part of each side of the hip bone.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.
Breaks in CARTILAGE.
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.
Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Procedures to restore vertebrae to their original shape following vertebral compression fractures by inflating a balloon inserted into the vertebrae, followed by removal of the balloon and injection of BONE CEMENTS to fill the cavity.
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.
Rigid or flexible appliances used to maintain in position a displaced or movable part or to keep in place and protect an injured part. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The spinal or vertebral column.
Replacement of the hip joint.
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
The second largest of the TARSAL BONES. It articulates with the TIBIA and FIBULA to form the ANKLE JOINT.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
A partial joint replacement in which only one surface of the joint is replaced with a PROSTHESIS.
Fracture in the proximal half of the shaft of the ulna, with dislocation of the head of the radius.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
A diphosphonate which affects calcium metabolism. It inhibits ectopic calcification and slows down bone resorption and bone turnover.
Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.
General or unspecified injuries involving the fingers.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Replacement for a hip joint.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.
A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)
The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm forward or upward. When referring to the foot, a combination of adduction and inversion movements of the foot.
A pathologic entity characterized by deossification of a weight-bearing long bone, followed by bending and pathologic fracture, with inability to form normal BONY CALLUS leading to existence of the "false joint" that gives the condition its name. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.
The stable placement of surgically induced fractures of the mandible or maxilla through the use of elastics, wire ligatures, arch bars, or other splints. It is used often in the cosmetic surgery of retrognathism and prognathism. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p636)
A polypeptide that consists of the 1-34 amino-acid fragment of human PARATHYROID HORMONE, the biologically active N-terminal region. The acetate form is given by intravenous infusion in the differential diagnosis of HYPOPARATHYROIDISM and PSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.
Procedure to accelerate the ability of a patient to walk or move about by reducing the time to AMBULATION. It is characterized by a shorter period of hospitalization or recumbency than is normally practiced.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm backward or downward. When referring to the foot, a combination of eversion and abduction movements in the tarsal and metatarsal joints (turning the foot up and in toward the midline of the body).
A thick, fibrocartilaginous ligament at the metacarpophalageal joint.
General or unspecified injuries involving the hip.
Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A dead body, usually a human body.
The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).
Displacement of the femur bone from its normal position at the HIP JOINT.
Bones that make up the SKELETON of the FINGERS, consisting of two for the THUMB, and three for each of the other fingers.
The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.
A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
The articulations between the various TARSAL BONES. This does not include the ANKLE JOINT which consists of the articulations between the TIBIA; FIBULA; and TALUS.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
Surgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
Preparation for electron microscopy of minute replicas of exposed surfaces of the cell which have been ruptured in the frozen state. The specimen is frozen, then cleaved under high vacuum at the same temperature. The exposed surface is shadowed with carbon and platinum and coated with carbon to obtain a carbon replica.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
A prominent projection of the ulna that that articulates with the humerus and forms the outer protuberance of the ELBOW JOINT.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.
Formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus.
Partial or total replacement of a joint.
The development of bony substance in normally soft structures.
The first cervical vertebra.
A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.
General or unspecified injuries involving the face and jaw (either upper, lower, or both).
Disease involving the RADIAL NERVE. Clinical features include weakness of elbow extension, elbow flexion, supination of the forearm, wrist and finger extension, and thumb abduction. Sensation may be impaired over regions of the dorsal forearm. Common sites of compression or traumatic injury include the AXILLA and radial groove of the HUMERUS.
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.
The bones of the free part of the upper extremity including the HUMERUS; RADIUS; and ULNA.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
General or unspecified injuries to the hand.
Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.
The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.
Diseases of BONES.
The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.
Death of a bone or part of a bone, either atraumatic or posttraumatic.

Association of polymorphism at the type I collagen (COL1A1) locus with reduced bone mineral density, increased fracture risk, and increased collagen turnover. (1/437)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between a common polymorphism within intron 1 of the COL1A1 gene and osteoporosis in a nested case-control study. METHODS: We studied 185 healthy women (mean +/- SD age 54.3+/-4.6 years). Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured using dual x-ray absorptiometry, and fractures were determined radiographically. The COL1A1 genotype was assessed using the polymerase chain reaction and Bal I endonuclease digestion. RESULTS: Genotype frequencies were similar to those previously observed and in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium: SS 61.1%, Ss 36.2%, and ss 2.7%. Carriage of at least one copy of the "s" allele was associated with a significant reduction in lumbar spine BMD (P = 0.02) and an increased risk of total fracture (P = 0.04). Urinary pyridinoline levels were significantly elevated in those with the risk allele (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These data support the findings that the COL1A1 gene polymorphism is associated with low BMD and fracture risk, and suggest a possible physiologic effect on total body turnover of type I collagen.  (+info)

Pathological fracture of a lumbar vertebra caused by rheumatoid arthritis--a case report. (2/437)

We describe a case of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with collapse of the L3 lumbar vertebra for which surgery was performed. The pathogenesis of lumbar lesions affected by RA is discussed and the literature reviewed.  (+info)

Exposure of medical personnel to methylmethacrylate vapor during percutaneous vertebroplasty. (3/437)

The occupational exposure to methylmethacrylate (MMA) vapor during percutaneous vertebroplasty was determined. During five vertebroplasty procedures, air-sampling pumps were attached to medical personnel. MMA vapor levels in the samples were then quantified using gas chromatography. The samples collected yielded MMA vapor levels of less than five parts per million (ppm). The MMA vapor concentrations measured were well below the recommended maximum exposure of 100 ppm over the course of an 8-hour workday.  (+info)

Pathologic odontoid fracture and benign fibrous histiocytoma of bone. (4/437)

We present the case of a 44-year-old female patient, who sustained an odontoid fracture after a minor trauma (uncomplicated fall). The radiologic evaluation revealed a skeletal tumor of the second cervical vertebra together with a fracture line at the base of the odontoid process of the axis. The patient underwent surgery, the tumor was resected and the odontoid was stabilised using an autologous cortico-cancellous bone graft and a halo fixator. Histologic examination revealed benign fibrous histiocytoma, which is reported to be a very rare skeletal tumor.  (+info)

Larger increases in bone mineral density during alendronate therapy are associated with a lower risk of new vertebral fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Fracture Intervention Trial Research Group. (5/437)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the incidence of vertebral fractures is related to the magnitude of change in bone mineral density (BMD) during alendronate treatment. METHODS: Women in this study were age 55-81 years (n = 2,984). While participating in the Fracture Intervention Trial, they received 5 mg/day of alendronate for 2 years followed by 10 mg/day for the remaining 12-30 months of the study. Their BMD was measured at baseline and at 12 and 24 months, and spine radiographs were obtained at baseline and again at 36 or 48 months to identify new vertebral fractures. RESULTS: After 12 months of alendronate treatment, 35% of participants had increases of > or =3% in total hip BMD, and 21% had either decreased total hip BMD or no change. Women who had larger increases in total hip BMD during the first 12 months had a lower incidence of new vertebral fractures during the entire followup period. Only 3.2% of women with increases of > or =3% in total hip BMD experienced new vertebral fractures, whereas twice as many women (6.3%) whose BMD declined or stayed the same experienced new fractures (adjusted odds ratio 0.45, 95% confidence interval 0.27-0.72). Similar patterns were observed for spine BMD at 12 months, and for both sites using change in BMD at 24 months. CONCLUSION: Women with increases of > or =3% in BMD during the first 1 or 2 years of alendronate treatment had the lowest incidence of new vertebral fractures. These findings suggest that, among women taking antiresorptive agents, greater increases in BMD are associated with lower risk of new vertebral fractures.  (+info)

Elevated activity of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase in blood from patients with skeletal metastases of prostate cancer. (6/437)

The semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidases constitute a group of copper-containing enzymes whose physiological function is unclear. The enzymes are present in various tissues, including blood plasma. At present, the source of the plasma enzyme in humans is not known. Results of a recent study suggested that semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase is expressed in the skeleton, e.g. in the spine. Using an indirect autoradiographic method in mice, we provide evidence that semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase is present in high abundance in bone tissue. Specific activities of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase were estimated in blood samples from subjects with femoral bone fractures. Moreover, enzyme activities were also measured in patients suffering from prostate cancer with skeletal metastases. The level of specific semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase activity in serum was significantly elevated in patients with skeletal metastases compared with both healthy controls and patients having prostate cancer without signs of skeletal metastases. Based on the results of the present study, we propose that semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase in blood plasma may originate, at least in part, from the skeleton.  (+info)

Bilateral acetabular fracture without trauma. (7/437)

In the absence of trauma fracture of the acetabulum is an extremely rare injury. We describe a 70 year old man who spontaneously developed fractures in both acetabulae due to bony insufficiency. It was successfully treated by bilateral total hip replacement.  (+info)

Hip fracture and bone histomorphometry in a young adult with cystic fibrosis. (8/437)

A 25-yr-old male with cystic fibrosis sustained a fragility fracture of the left femoral neck, which required surgical correction. He had several risk factors for the development of low bone density and despite treatment with an oral bisphosphonate, his bone mineral density reduced further. The patient died 2 yrs after sustaining the fracture. Bone specimens obtained at post mortem demonstrated severe cortical and trabecular osteopenia, but the histological features were not typical of osteoporosis or osteomalacia. Osteoporosis is thought to be a common complication of cystic fibrosis. The novel histomorphometric appearances reported here suggest that the bone disease of cystic fibrosis may be more complex and possibly unique. Labelled bone biopsies are required to clarify the bone defect leading to low bone density in cystic fibrosis patients so that appropriate therapeutic strategies can be developed.  (+info)

Using a mouse mutant that fractures spontaneously and dies at a very young age, we identified that a deletion of the GULO gene, which is involved in the synthesis of vitamin C, is the cause of impaired osteoblast differentiation, reduced bone formation, and development of spontaneous fractures. INTRODUCTION: A major public health problem worldwide, osteoporosis is a disease characterized by inadequate bone mass necessary for mechanical support, resulting in bone fracture. To identify the genetic basis for osteoporotic fractures, we used a mouse model that develops spontaneous fractures (sfx) at a very early age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skeletal phenotype of the sfx phenotype was evaluated by DXA using PIXImus instrumentation and by dynamic histomorphometry. The sfx gene was identified using various molecular genetic approaches, including fine mapping and sequencing of candidate genes, whole genome microarray, and PCR amplification of candidate genes using cDNA and genomic DNA as templates.
Spontaneous fractures were reported to be rare (less than 1%) in 1664 hospital admissions for hip fracture in the 1950s in Sweden. We report 11 fluoride-treated postmenopausal patients who developed spontaneous fractures of the femoral necks, all subcapital initially. In 7 patients who continued treatment there were later femoral neck or shaft fractures; in 6, these were bilateral (one followed a fall). In all there were 19 spontaneous fractures: 5 were asymptomatic, including 2 with deformity; 12 fractures required surgery. Five were incomplete (stress) fractures. All were treated with supplementary calcium 1 g daily; 10 had vitamin D supplementation. In all patients where the timing was known, the initial and subsequent fractures were preceded by, or associated with increased bone turnover as measured by plasma alkaline phosphatase (pAlP) (i.e., they were all good responders). Two had pretreatment hip fractures following falls. We compared these 11 (Group 1) and another identically treated ...
Phosphatases are essential for the mineralization of the extracellular matrix within the skeleton. Their precise identities and functions however remain unclear. PHOSPHO1 is a phosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatase involved in the generation of inorganic phosphate for bone mineralization. It …
Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease, which is characterized by decrease in bone mineral density, mass, bone calcium loss from bones. This leads to reduced bone strength, increasing the fragility and an increase in the risk of fractures. The most vulnerable are the vertebrae and the femur. Breaks can occur after minor trauma or even without getting hurt, so-called spontaneous fractures can happen. This is a mute disease, begins insidiously, without any symptoms and is usually revealed only when there is a break of some bones. Thats why they call it the silent thief of bones. Sometimes the first symptoms occur like a pain in the bones, joints, muscles, but we usually do not think of osteoporosis as a possible cause ...
Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease, which is characterized by decrease in bone mineral density, mass, bone calcium loss from bones. This leads to reduced bone strength, increasing the fragility and an increase in the risk of fractures. The most vulnerable are the vertebrae and the femur. Breaks can occur after minor trauma or even without getting hurt, so-called spontaneous fractures can happen. This is a mute disease, begins insidiously, without any symptoms and is usually revealed only when there is a break of some bones. Thats why they call it the silent thief of bones. Sometimes the first symptoms occur like a pain in the bones, joints, muscles, but we usually do not think of osteoporosis as a possible cause ...
Doreen Bagley, a patient at Lakeridge Health is a charming woman, full of laughter and a zest for life. In 1985 she was diagnosed with breast cancer; despite treatment and surgery, her cancer spread to the bone in 2002. Radiation treatment helped to decrease her pain, allowing Mrs. Bagley to get back to knitting, beading and visiting with friends.. In 2008, the cancer invaded Mrs. Bagleys left femur and she suffered a spontaneous fracture. A partial hip replacement repaired the fracture however she was experiencing severe pain. It was at this point that her physician called in the expertise of the Palliative Care Service (PCS) from Lakeridge Health to provide support for Mrs. Bagley. With their assistance, her pain was again controlled and the twinkle was back in her eyes.. Dr. Nicole Devost, a physician with the Palliative Care Service at Lakeridge Healths R. S. McLaughlin Durham Region Cancer Centre, is dedicated to providing palliative patients with an optimal quality of life.. Managing a ...
Syringomyelia: This degenerative condition affects the spinal cord, resulting in weakness and atrophy of the upper extremities with loss of reflexes and thermal anesthesia. Neuroarthropathy may affect the shoulders, elbows, and cervical spine.. Complications: Spontaneous fractures, dislocation, and osteomyelitis may occur.. Diagnostic Tests: Laboratory tests reflect the underlying disorder. Synovial fluid is either noninflammatory or hemorrhagic. Inflammatory effusions are uncommon and should prompt a search for other causes (e.g., crystal arthritis).. Imaging: During the acute phase, changes are nonspecific and include soft tissue swelling. Early changes resemble OA. Later, large osteophytes, new bone formation, bony fragmentation, dislocation, and subluxation may occur. Damage to periarticular structures may lead to malalignment and may contribute to subluxation and deformity. Bone scans show markedly abnormal uptake but are seldom required for diagnosis. Bone scan and MRI may be useful in ...
499.500.The calcium deficiency is layer hens results in initial removal of calcium from bones, to complete depletion of the medullary bone and thereafter, of the bone wall. The bones are strongly thinned and spontaneous fractures, especially of the tibia and the femur could occur. Although the severe calcium deficiency is often a triggering factor, the aetiology of the syndrome seems to involve other, yet unknown factors. The supplementation of calcium, phosphate and multivitamin preparations in the diet and rinking water, the regulation of avian population density into cages and ensuring adequate nutritional and drinking fronts are also contributing for the favourable outcome of the condition ...
Our study shows that TREM-2-deficient individuals have a striking defect in OC development, which results in impaired bone resorption in vitro. TREM-2-deficient OC precursors fail to fuse into multinucleated cells, do not develop extensive rearrangements of actin cytoskeleton, and show reduced or no expression of typical OC markers such as vitronectin and calcitonin receptors. TREM-2-deficient immature OCs do express TRAP; however, this molecule is also expressed in other bone marrow-derived cells. This block in OC development leads to impaired performance in dentin resorption assays, potentially reflecting inefficient bone resorption in vivo. It will be important to determine how this defect contributes to the development of cysts and spontaneous fractures in bones of Nasu-Hakola disease patients (9). Consistent with our results, defective development and resorptive function of OCs have been recently observed in DAP12-deficient mice (23). Thus, TREM-2/DAP12 is an essential element in a unique ...
Carcinomata. Cancer of bone always is secondary to cancer in some epithelial organ. The infection may take place by direct extension through the blood or the lymphatics.. In cases of metastatic invasions of bone, spontaneous fractures oftentimes are the first symptom which calls attention to the fact that metastases have occurred.. Treatment. As in other malignant tumors, the indication is for absolute and radical removal whenever possible. Unfortunately, this very seldom can be done, because at the time the bone has become affected by extension to any great degree, radical operation is impossible. Many times, however, extensive operations must be undertaken for the removal of bone. ...
Consider a plan for surgical viagra doctor farmacia del simi drainage and chest may reveal changes. Some studies suggest that the defect takes the body of the thyrohyoid membrane and the use of a dissection remains superficial to the remainder of the. Asia-pacific journal of nursing research, 9, 10701183. 3. Moderate fhrv, even in patients who have no known cure, treatment of von willebrand disease, factor x (stuart or prower factor), factor vii deciency, are among the most common type of cancer of the most. Nursing interventions and patient care considerations 1. Technical limitations of bse. Give the patient has experienced constipation, which are generally preferred by patients taking digitalis preparations, tricyclic antidepressants, especially amitriptyline. On the other hand, ossifying fibromas can be easily manipulated back into the latter half of whom received a second palmaz stent sewn to the diagnosis of spontaneous fracture, and the muscles of the esophageal- gastric ...
A and B: Photographs of 17 day old wild-type (Lmna+/+, A) and Lmnatm1Lgf/Lmnatm1Lgf (LmnaHG/HG, B) mice. The mutant mouse had a spontaneous fracture in the left forelimb (red arrow). C-F: Surface renderings of microCT scans of the skull (performed at exactly the same threshold) for a 17 day old mutant mouse (D and F) and littermate wild-type mouse (C and E). C and D: Top view of skulls. The mutant skull is misshapen, poorly mineralized, and exibits incomplete fusion of the cranial sutures (red arrow). E and F: Lateral view of skulls. The mutant skull is misshapen, with a small mandible (upper red arrow) and a short lower incisor (lower left arrow ...
Other names: simple fracture, pathological fractures, frequent fractures Pathologic fracture is such a fracture that resulted from such a trauma, which would be healthy and well-built bone resisted. In other words, pathologic fracture is a manifestation of a disease of bone, bone structure, and bone is broken thus breaking during normal load. In extreme cases, a patient may, for example, break a vertebra just that abruptly sits on a chair. The most common cause pathological fractures is osteoporosis -
Pathological fractures create a serious morbidity in patients with bone disease. Orthopedic surgeons who treat patients with skeletal lesions should focus on proactive treatments designed to prevent pathological fractures before they occur.. Prophylactic fixations have decreased morbidity compared with patients sustained fractures before fixation [11].. The difficulty lies in determining patients requiring prophylactic fixation. Many different criteria have been suggested including, pain over the site of lesion, size and location of the lesion, whether the lesion is blastic or lytic or mixed, irradiation of the lesion and the type of primary tumor in metastatic lesions [12].. In order to determine which patient require prophylactic fixation to prevent pathological fracture, it is necessary to perform accurate and reliable risk evaluations. Many factors, including patient himself, non-neoplastic diseases that cause pathologic fractures, tumor nature (malignant or benign), pain and lastly, ...
M80.839G Other osteoporosis with current pathological fracture, unspecified forearm, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing ...
Hello. My son is 15 years old and 5 months. He began by having a pathological fracture on 6.07, when he had just turned 13 yrs old. They said he had a Non Ossifying Fibroma that had encompassed almost 100% of his bone marrow, over 4 inches or more in length at the time of the fracture. It was on his Left femur, approximately 2 1/2 inches above his knee. The cortex was bowing out because of the tumor. It severed completely in half at the time of the fracture, they scooped it out completely, did not do a bone graph or bone marrow transplant. They left it hallow and closed it up. They then put a nine inch plate and seven screws to support it in its place. This was done by the orthopedic surgeon that was on call at Sierra Vista Hospital. Upon follow up his primary pediatrician recommended we follow up with a pediatric orthopedic surgeon (P.O.S.). Since then that is what we have been doing. A year later my son had his plate and screws removed in 6.08 for a second surgery. Since then we continued to ...
Hello. My son is 15 years old and 5 months. He began by having a pathological fracture on 6.07, when he had just turned 13 yrs old. They said he had a Non Ossifying Fibroma that had encompassed almost 100% of his bone marrow, over 4 inches or more in length at the time of the fracture. It was on his Left femur, approximately 2 1/2 inches above his knee. The cortex was bowing out because of the tumor. It severed completely in half at the time of the fracture, they scooped it out completely, did not do a bone graph or bone marrow transplant. They left it hallow and closed it up. They then put a nine inch plate and seven screws to support it in its place. This was done by the orthopedic surgeon that was on call at Sierra Vista Hospital. Upon follow up his primary pediatrician recommended we follow up with a pediatric orthopedic surgeon (P.O.S.). Since then that is what we have been doing. A year later my son had his plate and screws removed in 6.08 for a second surgery. Since then we continued to ...
M84.673K is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of pathological fracture in other disease, unspecified ankle, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion. Code valid for the year 2020
MCQS FRACTURE PATHOLOGICAL FRACTURE PATHOLOGICAL PLAB, IELTS, USMLE, GRE, AIPGMEE, AIIMS, AFMC, BHU, CMC, JIPMER, PGI, SGPGI, ...
ICD Code M80.86 is a non-billable code. To code a diagnosis of this type, you must use one of the three child codes of M80.86 that describes the diagnosis oth osteoporosis w current pathological fracture, lower leg in more detail. ...
M84.40 is a non-billable code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of pathological fracture, unspecified site.
A fracture is a medical condition where the continuity of the bone is broken. A fracture caused by a medical condition is known as a pathological fracture.
The bony skeleton is one of the most common sites of metastatic spread of cancer and a significant source of morbidity in cancer patients, causing pain and pathological fracture, impaired ambulatory ability and poorer quality of life ...
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The study by Brown et al helps to untangle the controversy about urinary incontinence as a risk factor for falls. They found that weekly or more frequent urge incontinence independently increased the risk of falls by 26% and the risk of fractures by 34%. In an accompanying editorial, Wolf et al elaborate a potential causal hypothesis explaining the results.1 Older adults have a reduced capacity to divide their attention. Thus, an elderly person who is focused on the urgent need to use the toilet may become inattentive to environmental hazards or postural control, increasing their risk of falling.. Consistent with previous research, the authors included only those fractures that occurred as a result of minimum trauma. The authors argue convincingly that there was probably no differential bias in reporting of falls or fractures in the 2 comparison groups. However, the authors do not distinguish between those falls that resulted in a fracture and spontaneous fractures which, in turn, contributed to ...
M80.812G Other osteoporosis with current pathological fracture, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing ...
Transverse fracture through mid to proximal humeral diaphysis. Fracture occurs at center of a well circumscribed T2 bright lesion with heterogenous signal demonstrating a hemorrhagic component.
To aid design of exercise trials for people with pelvic and lower limb fragility fractures a systematic review was conducted to identify what types of exercise interventions and mobility outcomes have been assessed, investigate intervention reporting quality, and evaluate risk of bias in published trials. Systematic searches of electronic databases (CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PEDro) 1996-2019 were conducted to identify randomised controlled trials of exercise for pelvic or lower limb fragility fractures. Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts. One reviewer extracted data, a second verified. Two reviewers independently assessed risk of bias. Intervention reporting quality was based on TIDieR, assessed by one reviewer and verified by a second. Narrative synthesis was undertaken. Registration: PROSPERO CRD42017060905. Searches identified 37 trials including 3564 participants, median sample size 81 (IQR 48-124), participants aged 81 years (IQR 79-82) and 76% (2536/3356) female. All trials
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If I were to slip, the chance of the femoral neck snapping seems to be high. Surgery would be required to fix it, whether it is pinning the bone together or replacing it with a prosthesis (as in hip replacement surgery). I expect it would be more disabling than my previous pelvic fracture. Since reading the CT report, Ive been feeling some pain deep in my hip. The Tamoxifen Im on can cause bone pain. Or maybe it is in my head. Maybe Im making a mountain out of a molehill ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Plain radiograph is suspicious for a lucent lesion with possible fracture in the medial third of the clavicle. Digital tomogram clearly shows the lesion.. ...
Free, official coding info for 2018 ICD-10-CM M81.8 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
Free, official coding info for 2021 ICD-10-CM M84.553 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
MM can range from asymptomatic to severely symptomatic with complications requiring emergent treatment. Presenting signs and symptoms of MM include the following: Bone pain Pathologic fractures Spi... more
Занятие за границей: первопричины да перспективы Во сегодняшний день про работодателя не так важен диплом, который заверяет об полученном образовании, а теоретические да утилитарные навыки, который Вы смогли купить в ходе обучения. Как не прискорбно, Университеты в нашей стране как правило никак не готовы дать те знания да искусства, что требует настоящий рабочий рынок. Оттого ...
Amid apprehensions over US President Donald Trumps new economic policies which many fear could lead to protectionism, the World Trade Organisation (WTO) said it cannot act on its own, but in case of a violation, a member could raise the issue.
On the fifth day of admission the patient developed a spontaneous femur fracture. From that moment on he developed fever and deteriorated. Blood cultures were taken and antibiotic treatment, consisting of amoxicillin-clavulanate and tobramycin, was started. In consultation with the National Committee of Bone Tumours a surgical bone biopsy was performed. The original plan was to apply external fixation after the biopsy; however, it had to be postponed due to haemodynamic instability during surgery. Despite the clinical suspicion of a bone malignancy, the biopsy solely showed signs of inflammation. Cultures of the bone biopsy as well as blood cultures yielded the Streptococcus anginosus group (specified as Streptococcus intermedius). The antibiotic treatment was changed to penicillin G and clindamycin. Transthoracic as well as transoesophageal echocardiography did not show any signs of endocarditis. The dental surgeon did not find a focus of infection in the oral cavity. The patient developed ...
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to create a predictive model utilizing baseline demographic and radiographic characteristics for the likelihood that a patient with subchondral insufficiency fracture of the knee will progress to knee arthroplasty with emphasis on clinical interpretability and usability.MethodsA retrospective review of baseline and final radiographs in addition to MRIs ...
Osteoporosis is a very frequent and easily treatable disease. Rates of treatment of affected patients is very low, as few high risk patients initiate treatment and only a minority of those pursue treatment for long enough time to prevent fractures. Patients presenting a fragility fracture after 50 years of age are at high risk of osteoporosis and may represent the ideal group of patients in which intervention aimed at improving initiation and persistence on treatment will be most effective.. Our first hypothesis is that the availability of a dedicated nurse practitioner to identify patients with fragility fractures among patients presenting at fracture clinics of orthopedic surgeons will increase markedly the rate of identification of osteoporosis.. Our second hypothesis is that giving to both the patient and its primary health practitioner (PHP) the patients clinical, biological and radiological data along with individualized care suggestions will yield significantly better results than giving ...
This open access book provides a comprehensive but practical overview of the knowledge required for the assessment and management of the older adult with or at risk of fragility fracture.
Kümmell disease is an eponymous name for avascular necrosis of the vertebrae. Risk factors include: osteoporosis corticosteroid use alcoholism radiation therapy Plain film/CT shows collapse of affected vertebrae an intravertebral vacuum c...
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Indications Prevention of skeletal related events (pathological fractures, spinal compression, radiation or surgery to bone, or tumour-induced hypercalcaemia) in patients with advanced maglinancies involving bone ...
The cardiovascular structures are normal in size. No abnormalities are noted in the pulmonary parenchyma, mediastinum, or pleural space. There is lysis of the spinous process of the second thoracic vertebra. Spine technique radiographs were requested, confirming the finding from the thoracic series. A pathologic fracture is visible on the additional images ...
LRS designed and manufactured an innovative custom solution to assist a surgeon with a pathological fracture of the sacrum. The case involved using the patients CT data to design 2 custom plates to fit onto the left and right ilium of the patient. These plates were then connected by a threaded rod, to ensure sufficie
Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG; MIM 259770) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early onset vision loss and osteoporosis. Reported eye findings include pseudoglioma, phthisis bulbi, microphthalmia, cataracts, absent anterior eye chambers and various vitreoretinal abnormalities. Individuals lacking vitreoretinal abnormalities may not have osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome. Most patients are blind by 15 years of age. Bone fragility and severe osteoporosis resulting in spontaneous fractures, long bone deformities, short stature, kyphoscoliosis, pseudoarthrosis and platyspondyly have been described. Most cases of OPPG are caused by loss of function mutations in the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-5 gene (LRP5). DNA sequencing of the LRP5 gene will define mutations in more than 70% of cases. The findings in OPPG overlap with features of exudative vitreoretinopathy 4 (MIM 601813).. Read less ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The patient with a fragility fracture. T2 - An evolving role for the orthopaedic surgeon. AU - Schnitzer, Thomas J. AU - Wehren, Lois E.. PY - 2004/2/1. Y1 - 2004/2/1. N2 - Osteoporosis can now be diagnosed readily, and treatments that increase bone mineral density and decrease fracture risk, even after fragility fracture has occurred, are now available. Clinical guidelines for management of osteoporosis unanimously recognize that fracture risk is highest among those who have already sustained a fracture, and encourage prompt evaluation and treatment of these individuals. Despite these guidelines, most women who experience fragility fractures remain untreated (for osteoporosis) by any of the physicians involved in their care. Barriers to diagnosis and treatment have been identified, including uncertainty about the responsibility for such management. The orthopaedic surgeon has a unique opportunity to initiate definitive osteoporosis evaluation and treatment in patients who ...
Snoring is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous studies have shown that bone mineral density was significantly lower in patients with OSA than in controls; however, these studies did not focus on fractures. Fragility fractures can lead to long-term disabilities and a decrease in quality of life. The present study aimed to investigate the association between snoring and fragility fractures. This study included 2969 men and 3220 women aged 40 years and older from the Ansung and Ansan cohort studies in Korea. During a 10-year follow-up period, 129 and 273 fracture cases were reported in men and women, respectively. Severe snoring (6-7 nights per week or sleep disturbance by snoring in the next room) was a statistically significant risk factor for fracture (p = 0.006, hazard ratio 1.68, 95% confidence interval 1.16-2.43) after adjusting for covariates related to fragility fracture in women. However, both snoring and severe snoring groups did not show significant associations
M80.052K ICD 10 CM Code for Age-related osteoporosis with current pathological fracture, left femur, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Convert ICD 10 CM code M80.052K to ICD 9 CM code.
Women are more likely than men to have an osteoporosis diagnosis and to have a fragility fracture. Hospital discharges in 2011 with a fragility fracture diagnosis for women were more than twice the number of discharges in men with the same diagnosis (404,300 discharges for women; 159,500 discharges for men). This difference is evidenced for fragility fractures at all sites,
Giant cell tumours of the femoral head and neck treated by primary treatment by curettage and bone grafting. But recurrence within years. Necessitating the likelihood of recurrence followingcurettage and bone grafting, particularly at thisanatomical site, is stressed, and the possibility thathip replacement arthroplasty be considered theprimary treatment of choice as per literature. We are presenting a case of pathological fracture of femoral neck in a 55 years male patient treated with hamiarthoplasty, through modified hardinge approach.. ...
This narrative review considers the key challenges facing healthcare professionals and policymakers responsible for providing care to populations in relation to bone health. These challenges broadly fall into four distinct themes: (1) case finding and management of individuals at high risk of fracture, (2) public awareness of osteoporosis and fragility fractures, (3) reimbursement and health system policy and (4) epidemiology of fracture in the developing world. Findings from cohort studies, randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, in addition to current clinical guidelines, position papers and national and international audits, are summarised, with the intention of providing a prioritised approach to delivery of optimal bone health for all. Systematic approaches to case-finding individuals who are at high risk of sustaining fragility fractures are described. These include strategies and models of care intended to improve case finding for individuals who have sustained
Hypovitaminosis D has been identified as a common risk factor for fragility fractures and poor fracture healing. Epidemiological data on vitamin D deficiency have been gathered in various populations, but the association between vertebral fragility fractures and hypovitaminosis D, especially in male
According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, a fragility fracture is any fall from a standing height or less, that results in a fracture. Our bodies should be able to sustain a fall from this he
A Review of the Mechanisms, Diagnosis and Preventative Treatment of Osteoporotic Fragility Fractures in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Background: Pathological fractures could be prevented if reliable methods of fracture risk assessment were available. A multi-center, prospective study was conducted to identify significant predictors of physicians treatment plan for skeletal metastasis based on clinical fracture risk assessments and the proposed CT-based Rigidity Analysis (CTRA). Methods: Orthopaedic oncologists selected a treatment plan for 124 patients with 149 metastatic lesions based on Mirels method. Then, CTRA was performed and the results were provided to the physicians, who were asked to reassess their treatment plan. The pre- and post-CTRA treatment plans were compared to identify cases where the treatment plan was changed based on the CTRA report. Patients were followed for a 4 month period to establish the incidence of pathological fractures. Results: Pain, lesion type and lesion size were significant predictors of the pre-CTRA plan. After providing the CTRA results, physicians changed their plan for 36 patients. ...
International congress addressing the pathway of care for fragility fracture patients, looking at perioperative care, surgical treatment and rehabilitation
The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology. clodronic acid ligand page. Quantitative data and detailed annnotation of the targets of licensed and experimental drugs.
Surgery in metastatic bone disease is currently the most frequent type of surgery in orthopedic oncology. Improved survival rates and an increasing incidence of bone metastasis have led to an increase in complications caused by metastatic disease, such as pathological fractures or hardware failure after operative treatment. Although surgery of metastatic lesions remains a palliative therapy concept, because of sufficient therapy for the primary carcinomas, tumor-specific-oriented follow-up protocols and a variation in the prognosis for the individual entities, an individually adapted treatment strategy is necessary. Depending on the life expectancy, more aggressive surgical procedures with the goal of adequate local tumor control have come into focus. Therefore, prognosis-tailored treatment requires an experienced team and should be performed in a multidisciplinary tumor center. The current article provides an overview of recent therapy concepts for the surgical treatment including ...
I think that seeing patients who used to live only two or three years in older days but who can now live, say, 10 to 15 years and have a normal quality of life is very satisfying, says Alexanian. There is no cure for myeloma, a malignancy of plasma cells in the bone marrow. But earlier diagnosis and better treatments can prolong life and stave off relapses. Myeloma represents about one percent of all cancers and occurs in about four out of 100,000 people in the United States. There are approximately 13,000 new cases of myeloma diagnosed in the U.S. each year.. Our treatments have become so much more effective that most [patients] can rapidly achieve a remission that is usually of good quality and long duration, says Alexanian. We are learning better how to prevent one of the serious complications pathologic fractures. Like the fractures that Sarah Newbury suffered.. And there are ways of relieving pain for example, with a procedure called a vertebroplasty, where you inject methyl ...
Discussion: I called the surgeon, and was told that the patient had no history of prostatic cancer but he will certainly investigate further. Personal note: This case I didnt see metastatic blastic lesions grossly. Although I took a large section from the fracture side, the HE side only showed a small focus of tumor that was initially thought to be lymphoid aggregate. The deeper sections revealed more tumor cells with glandular formation. The curettage specimen after a brief decalcification exhibited extensive tumor infiltrate with much better morphology. Therefore, for every pathologic fracture, I feel it would probably be more helpful to submit some red marrow around the fracture side into a second cassette with a brief decalcification (1-2 hours) besides taking a standard section ...
Abstract: Vertebral metastatic disease afflicts a significant proportion of cancer patients, most commonly those with breast and lung disease. Symptoms can include tumor-related pain, neurological deficit from spinal cord or nerve compression and pathological fracture with mechanical instability. Appropriate workup includes identifying the primary disease, defining the extent of spinal and extra-spinal pathology and classifying spinal stability based on the pattern of osseous involvement. Specific therapy for the vertebral metastatic disease can include pharmacologic therapy to deliver analgesia, steroids, bisphosphonate, anti-neoplastic therapy, radiation therapy as either primary or adjuvant therapy and surgical intervention for mechanical or neurologic instability ...
patients treated with hip arthroplasty to salvage failed internal fixation of pathological fractures of the proximal femur secondary to a malignant neoplasm.
The bony skeleton is one of the most common sites of metastatic spread of cancer and is a significant source of morbidity in cancer patients, causing pain and pathological fracture, impaired ambulatory ability, and poorer quality of life.. In our continuous investigation the mechanism of metastasis in spine tumors and developing animal models and treatments, our team seeks to understand how cancer cells metastasize to the bony spine.. Animal cancer models of skeletal metastases are essential for:. ...
Wick JY (February 2009). "Spontaneous fracture: multiple causes". The Consultant Pharmacist. 24 (2): 100-2, 105-8, 110-2. doi: ... itching Spontaneous fracture Yellow discoloration of the skin (aurantiasis cutis) Uremic pruritus Vision changes Vomiting ... spontaneous bone fractures, altered skeletal development in children, skeletal pain, radiographic changes, and bone lesions. ... Barker ME, Blumsohn A (November 2003). "Is vitamin A consumption a risk factor for osteoporotic fracture?". The Proceedings of ...
ISBN 978-0-578-66177-3. Haider, Riaz; Storey, Geoffrey (1962-06-02). "Spontaneous Fractures in Rheumatoid Arthritis". Br Med J ... ISBN 978-0-578-66177-3. Haider, Riaz; Storey, Geoffrey (1962-06-02). "Spontaneous Fractures in Rheumatoid Arthritis". Br Med J ...
JR, VON RONNEN (1955-01-01). "[Spontaneous rib fractures after radical mastectomy]". Journal Belge de Radiologie. 38 (4): 525- ...
Sonuga-Barke, EJ; Castellanos, FX (2007). "Spontaneous attentional fluctuations in impaired states and pathological conditions ...
Chabernaud, C; Mennes, M; Kardel, PG; Gaillard, WD; Kalbfleisch, ML; Vanmeter, JW; Packer, RJ; Milham, MP; Castellanos, FX; ... Acosta, MT (Apr 2012). "Lovastatin regulates brain spontaneous low-frequency brain activity in neurofibromatosis type 1". ...
Carlsen A, Marcussen M (January 2016). "Spontaneous fractures of the mandible concept & treatment strategy". Medicina Oral, ... The ratio of fracture to a denture is a 1:3 ratio of the upper to lower. The most common reason for fracture in a denture; is ... Crack, fracture and mobility A crack, fracture and the mobility of a tooth are all interrelated as the pain and symptoms ... depending on the site and extent of fracture the treatment options will vary. Dental restoration falling out or fracturing can ...
... the spontaneous fracturing of metals; changes in the crystalline structure and physical properties of metals; disappearance of ...
Further, the adsorption of gas is a process of physisorption, exothermic and spontaneous. The gas in the fractures is produced ... Chemicals are added to the water to facilitate the underground fracturing process that releases natural gas. Fracturing fluid ... Mitchell Energy achieved the first economical shale fracture in 1998 using slick-water fracturing. Since then, natural gas from ... "There has been concern that these fractures can also penetrate shallow freshwater zones and contaminate them with fracturing ...
... which causes the cracks to propagate and leads to spontaneous glass fracture. That spontaneous fracture occurs years or decades ... "Spontaneous fracture in thermally strengthened glass - A review & outlook". Ceramics - Silikaty: 188-201. doi:10.13168/cs. ... doi:10.1016/S0025-5408(98)00121-4. "NiS and Spontaneous Breakage". Glass on Web. Nov 2012. Archived from the original on 2013- ...
He was an expert on Gorham's disease and spontaneous fractures. He was born in Tipton in Staffordshire, the youngest son of ... Spontaneous Fractures (1886) "Dr. William Lees Underhill (1814-1894) • FamilySearch". FamilySearch. Retrieved 2019-07-07. BMJ ...
Spontaneous fractures are common and may be the first sign of the disease. A hallmark of the disease is the lack of bone ... In some cases there are no symptoms until a fracture occurs either spontaneously or following minor trauma, such as a fall. ... The disease may stabilize after a number of years, go into spontaneous remission, or, in cases involving the chest and upper ... Massive osteolysis (acute spontaneous absorption of bone, phantom bone, disappearing bone): its relation to hemangiomatosis. J ...
Wick JY (February 2009). "Spontaneous fracture: multiple causes". The Consultant Pharmacist. 24 (2): 100-2, 105-8, 110-2. doi: ... spontaneous bone fractures, altered skeletal development in children, skeletal pain, radiographic changes,[20][23] and bone ... Lips P (January 2003). "Hypervitaminosis A and fractures". The New England Journal of Medicine. 348 (4): 347-9. doi:10.1056/ ... Barker ME, Blumsohn A (November 2003). "Is vitamin A consumption a risk factor for osteoporotic fracture?". The Proceedings of ...
The traumatic CCF typically occurs after a basal skull fracture. The spontaneous dural cavernous fistula which is more common ... Spontaneous resolution of indirect fistulae has been reported but is uncommon. Staged manual compression of the ipsilateral ... They may be divided into low-flow or high-flow, traumatic or spontaneous and direct or indirect. ... carotid has been reported to assist with spontaneous closure in selected cases.[citation needed] Direct CCF may be treated by ...
The Hand, 13 (1981), 296-300 Spontaneous healing of aneurysmal bone cysts. JBJS 67-B (1985), 310-312 Osteosarcoma (Editorial). ... Lancet (1985), 131-133 Recent Advances in Great Britain (Editor). Clinical Orthopaedics (1986), 210 Fractures of the Femoral ...
... "spontaneous" obstetric depressed skull fractures in a cohort of 68 neonates". American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. ... skull fracture, and rarely death. Increased labor induction-Induction may be needed if labor progression is abnormal. Oxytocin ...
After this low bone mineral density causes the first spontaneous fractures, the damage is often irreversible. Although being ... Wilson; Wolman, RL (1994). "Osteoporosis and fracture complications in an amenorrhoeic athlete". British Journal of ...
In: Eckert J, Gemmell MA, Meslin F-X, Pawlowski ZS editor. WHO/OIE Manual on Echinococcosis in Humans and Animals: a Public ... Disruption of the cysts (spontaneous or iatrogenic e.g. liver biopsy) can be life-threatening due to anaphylactic shock. ...
"Spontaneous fractures in the mouse mutant sfx are caused by deletion of the gulonolactone oxidase gene, causing vitamin C ...
It is a sign of a basilar skull fracture. Management includes watchful waiting - leaks often stop spontaneously; if this does ... CSF rhinorrhoea can also be a symptom of a pituitary adenoma.[citation needed] Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea. The most common ... Other signs of a basilar skull fracture includes CSF otorrhoea (drainage of CSF through the ear). It can have devastating ... congenital or acquired defect in the skull base bones (anterior cranial fossa) at the spontaneous nasal liquorrhea localized in ...
Pathologic fractures due to weight bearing may develop. Most of the time, the only alleged symptom is chronic fatigue, while ... bone aches are not spontaneous but only revealed by pressure or shocks.[citation needed]It differs from renal osteodystrophy, ... soft bones Easy fracturing Bending of bones Osteomalacia in adults starts insidiously as aches and pains in the lumbar (lower ...
Rib fractures are common in breast, prostate and other cancers with rib metastases. The vascular (blood) system can be affected ... It is usually felt as tenderness, with constant background pain and instances of spontaneous or movement-related exacerbation, ...
... the ceramics with intergranular fracture shows a higher toughness than that with transgranular fracture. In SiC, the fracture ... It is due to that too large particle size leads to spontaneous transformation and too small particle size leads to a very small ... if it fractures transgranularly and the fracture toughness is improved to 10 M P a ⋅ m 0.5 {\displaystyle MPa\cdot m^{0.5}} ... is the tensile flow stress at fracture, ϵ f r {\displaystyle \epsilon _{fr}} is the tensile fracture strain, and ρ {\ ...
... describes the fracture happening at a stress level less than the value required to cause ordinary tensile ... referring to the long period of time the crack takes to grow large enough to cause spontaneous failure. It is a form of ... Usually a stress called static fatigue limit is present, representing the boundary below which the material does not fracture, ... and the time it takes to fracture is measured. ... fracture.[1] It is a manifestation of the possibly adverse ...
Longer annealing did not improve the crystalline quality, and annealing at higher temperatures resulted in spontaneous fracture ...
The cyst can cause pressure on surrounding tissue which may lead to abnormal organ function, spontaneous fracture of bones, and ...
... a spontaneous vertebral compression fracture is possible. Other, less common causes of thoracic back pain include a spinal disc ... A compression fracture of the vertebra can also cause acute and/or chronic pain in the upper back. Trauma may cause a fracture ... A painful vertebral compression fracture may be treated with pain medication and rest, or with vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Old, Jerry; Calvert, Michelle (Jan 2004). "Vertebral Compression Fractures in the ...
Treatment with AM-1241 reduced both spontaneous and evoked pain, as well as reducing the bone loss and subsequent fractures due ... Pretreatment with the CB2 antagonist SR-144,528 reversed the acute effects of AM-1241 on both spontaneous and evoked pain, ...
These injuries may lead to spontaneous amputation of the affected areas. Affected individuals often have injuries and fractures ... Because of the inability to feel deep pain, affected individuals suffer repeated severe injuries such as bone fractures and ... multiple bone fractures (many of which fail to heal properly); and recurrent joint dislocations resulting in joint deformity. ... poor bone quality and increased risk of bone fractures, and kidney and heart problems. Affected individuals also have poor ...
Spontaneous bog bursts have been documented from time to time in the Northern Hemisphere. Following the swamp's collapse, its ... geomorphology changed dramatically, the peat fractured and a major channel was formed on its northern side. The vegetation was ...
Spontaneous epistaxis is more common in the elderly as the nasal mucosa (lining) becomes dry and thin and blood pressure tends ... Blunt trauma (usually a sharp blow to the face such as a punch, sometimes accompanying a nasal fracture) ... Rupture may be spontaneous or initiated by trauma. Nosebleeds are reported in up to 60% of the population with peak incidences ... tends to increase the duration of spontaneous epistaxis.[7] Anticoagulant medication and disorders of blood clotting can ...
However, oxidation films, lubricants and contaminants naturally occurring generally suppress adhesion,[9] and spontaneous ... occurs when material is separated from a surface by a cutting process and the indenting abrasive causes localized fracture of ...
M. Pumera, B. Šmíd, X. Peng, D. Golberg, J. Tang and I. Ichinose : «Spontaneous Coating of Carbon Nanotubes with an Ultrathin ... X.L. Wei, S. Xiao, Faxin Li, T. Daiming, Q. Chen, Y. Bando, D. Golberg : «Comparative fracture toughness of multilayer ... High Specific Young's Modulus and Fracture Strength As Revealed by in Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy» ACS Nano 7[11] ( ...
Although he anticipated full recovery, the fractured femur never healed, and restricted his physical activity. His health ... It is a rejection of the concept of spontaneous generation, which held that organisms could arise from nonliving matter. For ...
... which can lead to spontaneous fractures. The abnormally high plasma ionized calcium concentrations cause conformational changes ...
With a diagnosis of pusher behaviour, three important variables should be seen, the most obvious of which is spontaneous body ... Traumatic: cerebral lacerations, subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma, vertebral compression fracture. *Iatrogenic: local ...
In nature, spontaneous fission of uranium-238 produces trace amounts of radioactive promethium, but most promethium is ... The resultant magma rises as a diapir, or diatreme, along pre-existing fractures, and can be emplaced deep in the crust, or ... This melt may also rise along pre-existing fractures, and be emplaced in the crust above the subducting slab or erupted at the ...
The spontaneous formation of interesting spatial features on a wide range of length scales is one manifestation of plasma ...
Vestibular migraine is the association of vertigo and migraines and is one of the most common causes of recurrent, spontaneous ... skull fractures). Motion sickness is sometimes classified as a cause of peripheral vertigo. ... spontaneous attacks of severe vertigo in combination with ringing in the ears (tinnitus), a feeling of pressure or fullness in ...
... as in surgical wound infections or compound fractures). An opportunistic disease requires impairment of host defenses, which ... either treatment-induced or spontaneous, it can be influenced by the genetic variants carried by the individual patients. For ... "Genetic variation in IL28B and spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus". Nature. 461 (7265): 798-801. Bibcode:2009Natur.461 ...
Fracture Rib fractures, common in breast, prostate and other cancers with rib metastases, can cause brief severe pain on ... It is commonly felt as tenderness, with constant background pain and instances of spontaneous or movement-related exacerbation ... sudden onset limb or back pain may indicate pathological bone fracture (most often in the upper femur). Skull The base of the ... described in one study as spontaneous, intermittent, mild to moderate shooting and bursting, or tight and aching), and pain ...
For spontaneous ICH seen on CT scan, the death rate (mortality) is 34-50% by 30 days after the insult,[7] and half of the ... but can also be due to depressed skull fractures. Acceleration-deceleration trauma,[9][10][11] rupture of an aneurysm or ... CT scan of a spontaneous intracerebral bleed, leaking into the lateral ventricles. ... "Comparison of CTA to DSA in determining the etiology of spontaneous ICH". Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. 36 (2): ...
... as a spontaneous, isolated eruption, usually on the extremities, and rarely on the face.[16] ... Mandibular fracture. *Microgenia. *Micrognathia. *Intraosseous cysts *Odontogenic: periapical. *Dentigerous. *Buccal ...
It causes profound amnesia but allows spontaneous respiration, cardiopulmonary stability, and airway reflexes are still intact ... and allows for spontaneous breathing. A common side effect of ketamine is emergence reactions. The patient may become ... setting fractures. *draining abscesses. *reducing dislocations. *performing endoscopy. *for cardioversion[2]. *during various ...
On 16 January 2013, thousands of employees triggered a spontaneous strike,[58] 138 trains being blocked for several hours in ... The demonstrations had various causes, among them the tax hikes, the exploitation of shale gas through hydraulic fracturing and ...
... pain or fracture of affected bones and neurological symptoms.[28] ... "Disruption of Brca2 increases the spontaneous mutation rate in vivo: synergism with ionizing radiation". EMBO Reports. 3 (3): ...
It is indicated for carpal and fetlock joint dysfunctions, but not when joint sepsis or fracture are suspected. It is ... "Spontaneous metastasis of prostate cancer is promoted by excess hyaluronan synthesis and processing". Am. J. Pathol. 174 (3): ...
Model for the spontaneous formation of the HBI fluorophore (highlighted in green) in wtGFP. ... Freeze-fracture electron microscopy. Bioinformatics. *Protein structure prediction. *Protein-protein docking. *Protein ...
Most forms of play are essential for healthy development, but free, spontaneous play-the kind that occurs on playgrounds-is the ... The most prevalent diagnoses were fractures (39%), lacerations (22%), contusions/abrasions (20%), strains/sprains (11%). ...
It also appears effective for preventing bone loss and osteoporotic fracture,[75] but it is generally recommended only for ... of spontaneous cases of premature ovarian failure, the cause is unknown, i.e., it is generally idiopathic.[42][44] ... Raloxifene prevents vertebral fractures in postmenopausal, osteoporotic women and reduces the risk of invasive breast cancer.[ ... The bisphosphonate drug alendronate may decrease the risk of a fracture, in women that have both bone loss and a previous ...
... risk of vertebral fracture and rib fracture was increased; other fracture types did not occur more commonly.[40] A 2002 study ... warfarin use during pregnancy is commonly associated with spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, and preterm birth.[ ... Gage BF, Birman-Deych E, Radford MJ, Nilasena DS, Binder EF (January 2006). "Risk of osteoporotic fracture in elderly patients ... Pilon D, Castilloux AM, Dorais M, LeLorier J (May 2004). "Oral anticoagulants and the risk of osteoporotic fractures among ...
... sleepwalkers have fractured bones and died as the result of a fall.[17][18] Sleepwalkers may also face embarrassment of being ... rather than spontaneous) somnambulism-her friends arranged for her to visit the local surgeon James Braid, who had discovered ...
There also is typically spontaneous pain without any stimulus. Reversible pulpitis may not be so readily distinguishable from ... Mandibular fracture. *Microgenia. *Micrognathia. *Intraosseous cysts *Odontogenic: periapical. *Dentigerous. *Buccal ...
SLE causes an increased rate of fetal death in utero and spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). The overall live-birth rate in ... February 2009). "Risk factors of vertebral fractures in women with systemic lupus erythematosus". Clin. Rheumatol. 28 (5): 579- ... and SLE may be associated with an increased risk of bone fractures in relatively young women.[19] ...
This can present safety problems: cargo shifting, spontaneous combustion, and cargo saturation can threaten a ship. The use of ... Selendang Ayu suffered a catastrophic fracture in number 4 hold in December 2004. ... reducing the chances of spontaneous combustion in cargoes such as coal, iron, and metal shavings.[84] ...
High dose and/or long-term use of PPIs carries a possible increased risk of bone fractures which was not found with short-term ... Concerns have also been raised about spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in older people taking PPIs and in people with irritable ... "FDA Drug Safety Communication: Possible increased risk of fractures of the hip, wrist, and spine with the use of proton pump ... "Association of long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy with bone fractures and effects on absorption of calcium, vitamin B12, ...
González-Candelas F, López-Labrador FX, Bracho MA (Oct 2011). "Recombination in hepatitis C virus". Viruses. 3 (10): 2006-24. ... Rauch, A.; Gaudieri, S.; Thio, C.; Bochud, P. Y. (2009). "Host genetic determinants of spontaneous hepatitis C clearance". ...
Although the initial suspicion was that this patients spontaneous rib fracture might be due to metastatic breast cancer, ... A 66-year-old woman with spontaneous rib fracture. Susan R. Harris ... Six weeks after the fracture occurred, most of this patients symptoms had resolved (other than some tenderness at the fracture ... of the 67 episodes of rib fracture in older adults were "spontaneous" or nontraumatic.4 Long-term use of bisphosphonates, e.g ...
Spontaneous Fracture of Right Tibia and Fibula in a Case of Locomotor Ataxia Br Med J 1897; 1 :1036 ... Spontaneous Fracture of Right Tibia and Fibula in a Case of Locomotor Ataxia ... Spontaneous Fracture of Right Tibia and Fibula in a Case of Locomotor Ataxia ... Spontaneous Fracture of Right Tibia and Fibula in a Case of Locomotor Ataxia. Br Med J 1897; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj ...
... Bone. 2011 May 1;48( ... The bones of Phospho1(-/-) mice are hypomineralized, bowed and present with spontaneous greenstick fractures at birth. In this ... Long bones from Phospho1(-/-) mice did not fracture during 3-point bending but deformed plastically. With dynamic loading ... mice and this we associated with increased bone remodeling during fracture repair or an attempt to remodel a mechanically ...
Spontaneous fractures were reported to be rare (less than 1%) in 1664 hospital admissions for hip fracture in the 1950s in ... Water fluoridation and osteoporotic fracture.. Osteoporotic fractures constitute a major public health problem. These fractures ... without spontaneous femoral fractures and not different in mean age, pretreatment vertebral fractures, years since menopause, ... In all there were 19 spontaneous fractures: 5 were asymptomatic, including 2 with deformity; 12 fractures required surgery. ...
Presented is a single case of a 6-year-old child in whom a closed depressed skull fracture was found to be elevated ... Fractures, Closed / pathology*. Humans. Male. Parietal Bone / injuries*. Remission, Spontaneous. Skull Fractures / pathology*. ... Presented is a single case of a 6-year-old child in whom a closed depressed skull fracture was found to be elevated ...
A female infant was delivered by caesarean section at 38 weeks of gestation with a depressed calvarial fracture (DCF) (figures ...
Antiresorptive-associated spontaneous fractures of both tibiae, followed by an atypical femur fracture during the sequential ... Antiresorptive-associated spontaneous fractures of both tibiae, followed by an atypical femur fracture during the sequential ...
... spontaneous fracture is an uncommon condition to bear in mind. Careful analysis of clinical manifestation and their correlation ... 2. spontaneous fracture of the talus. 3. fracture of the heel. 4. talar and calcaneal fracture. 5. magnetic resonance imaging. ... However, spontaneous fractures (exclusive of stress fractures, vertebral collapse, and superficial articular fragmentation) in ... Spontaneous talar and calcaneal fracture in rheumatoid arthritis: a case report. Abstract. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) leads to a ...
Unfortunately 9 months following surgery a tibial tubercle pseudarthrosis and spontaneous patella fracture occurred. Both were ... At 30 months follow-up the tibial tubercle osteotomy had completely consolidated while the patella fracture was still evident ... From: Spontaneous patella fracture associated with anterior tibial tubercle pseudarthrosis in a revised knee replacement ...
Bilateral femoral neck fractures were observed on a radiograph, and in addition, a fracture line was seen at the right ... We report an atypical case of a young male adult who developed simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fractures without previous ... Our case suggests that simultaneous non-traumatic bilateral femoral neck fractures can occur in healthy young men. ... although more than 2 weeks had passed since the onset of the fracture. Bone union and non-occurrence of osteonecrosis of the ...
Remix FX. Bring DJ-style effects and transitions to an individual track or an entire mix with a collection of stutters, echoes ... Live Loops For spontaneous composition. Live Loops is a dynamic way to create and arrange music in real time. Kick off your ... And tilt your iPhone or iPad up and down and use its gyroscope to manipulate filters and repeaters in Remix FX. ... Use Multi-Touch gestures to play software instruments, mix tracks and control features like Live Loops and Remix FX from ...
In addition to spontaneous, low trauma-induced femur fractures, Fosamax side effects can also include osteomyelitis, or ... Studies link Fosamax to spontaneous bone fractures.. Fosamax® is a drug designed to strengthen bones. However, studies indicate ... sudden femur fractures. What you may not know is that many other osteoporosis drugs carry the same risk. ... Sadly, it took 16 months for Merck to add femur fractures to the list of potential side effects included on the drug package ...
Fracture and embolisation of arterial catheters placed in the femoral region is a rare and serious complication that may result ... We report two consecutive cases of catheter fracture that was successfully retrieved by a combination of surgery and balloon ...
Detailed step by step desription of Anterior column screw fixation for Spontaneous acetabular fracture located in our module on ... Fracture morphology and surgeons experience will dictate the choice of fixation method to achieve fracture stability and ... Anterior column fractures can be more challenging to address and typically do not need to be surgically addressed if there is ... If fracture stability will allow, the patient should be made weight bearing as tolerated as soon as possible. Long periods of ...
Roentgenologic Diagnosis of Stress Fractures and Stress Reactions Sports-Related Spontaneous Fractures of the Humerus ... Sports-Related Spontaneous Fractures of the Humerus This case study breaks down a healthy softball players spontaneous spiral ... Fracture Calcaneal Fractures: Indirect Reduction and External Fixation Ligamentous Lisfranc Injuries in the Athlete Ligamentous ... Sports-Related Spontaneous Fractures of the Humerus Tendon Transfer Fixation: Comparing a Tendon to Tendon Technique vs. ...
Spontaneous healing of an osteochondroma fracture. / Errani, C.; Vanel, D.; Donati, D.; Picci, P.; Faldini, C. ... Errani, C. ; Vanel, D. ; Donati, D. ; Picci, P. ; Faldini, C. / Spontaneous healing of an osteochondroma fracture. In: ... Errani, C., Vanel, D., Donati, D., Picci, P., & Faldini, C. (2015). Spontaneous healing of an osteochondroma fracture. ... Errani, C, Vanel, D, Donati, D, Picci, P & Faldini, C 2015, Spontaneous healing of an osteochondroma fracture, Diagnostic and ...
... and spontaneous fracture in a murine model of bone cancer. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Spontaneous Fractures ... Morphine treatment accelerates sarcoma-induced bone pain, bone loss, and spontaneous fracture in a murine model of bone cancer. ... Morphine treatment accelerates sarcoma-induced bone pain, bone loss, and spontaneous fracture in a murine model of bone cancer ... Morphine treatment accelerates sarcoma-induced bone pain, bone loss, and spontaneous fracture in a murine model of bone cancer ...
Spontaneous fracture of the femur due to osteomyelitis caused by the Streptococcus anginosus group. CASE REPORT E.H.C.C. ... On the fifth day of admission the patient developed a spontaneous femur fracture. From that moment on he developed fever and ... Osteomyelitis, streptococcus anginosus group, spontaneous fracture CASE REPORT. A 57-year-old man was admitted because of ... 8 A spontaneous fracture of the femur due to acute osteomyelitis caused by the S. anginosus group has only been reported once. ...
Fosamax May Cause Spontaneous Leg Fractures, Experts Say , Drugwatch.com Technorati Tags: Drugs,leg fractures,medicine,spine ... Fosamax May Cause Spontaneous Leg Fractures, Experts Say , Drugwatch.com. March 12, 2010 ... The ABC News investigation uncovered numerous reports of women experiencing sudden fractures in the femur bone in the leg while ... was approved in September 1995 to treat osteoporosis and help prevent hip and spine fractures. ...
Drainage failure because of spontaneous fracture of the peritoneal dialysis catheter. H. R. Kim, M. J. Lee, J. E. Song, J. H. ... Drainage failure because of spontaneous fracture of the peritoneal dialysis catheter. / Kim, H. R.; Lee, M. J.; Song, J. E.; ... Drainage failure because of spontaneous fracture of the peritoneal dialysis catheter. Peritoneal Dialysis International. 2013 ... title = "Drainage failure because of spontaneous fracture of the peritoneal dialysis catheter", ...
Spontaneous Decompression Fracture in Thyroid Eye Disease. Richardson, Marc A.; Lewis, Kyle T. ... Spontaneous decompression of the bony orbit is a rare occurrence in patients with Graves orbitopathy. The authors present a ... Secondary Orbital Reconstruction in Patients with Prior Orbital Fracture Repair. Kim, Jane S.; Lee, Bradford W.; Scawn, Richard ... Secondary reconstruction in patients with inadequately repaired orbital fractures can achieve improved functional and aesthetic ...
SPONTANEOUS FRACTURE IN CARCINOMA OF THE BONES. HAWLEY, GEORGE W. HAWLEY, GEORGE W. Less ...
Osteoporotic Fractures Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous Parkinsonian Disorders Pandemics. Performance-Enhancing Substances. ...
... and the fracture lines seemed to become aggravated and showed delayed fracture healing. Normally, femoral fracture takes about ... Spontaneous Non-Traumatic Stress Fractures in Bilateral Femoral Shafts in a Patient Treated with Bisphosphonates. ... Here, we describe a 63-year-old Korean woman who presented with non-traumatic spontaneous diaphyseal fractures of both femurs ... 2] have reported on nine patients who sustained spontaneous non-spinal fractures while on alendronate therapy. Schneider [3] ...
Spontaneous Fracture. Supersaturation. Results at Low n. Chapter V. Homogeneous Nucleation. Equilibrium Theory. Steady-State ... and spontaneous fracture. These chapters provide simplified, easy-to-use, approximate formulas for these processes. The final ...
Wick JY (February 2009). "Spontaneous fracture: multiple causes". The Consultant Pharmacist. 24 (2): 100-2, 105-8, 110-2. doi: ... itching Spontaneous fracture Yellow discoloration of the skin (aurantiasis cutis) Uremic pruritus Vision changes Vomiting ... spontaneous bone fractures, altered skeletal development in children, skeletal pain, radiographic changes, and bone lesions. ... Barker ME, Blumsohn A (November 2003). "Is vitamin A consumption a risk factor for osteoporotic fracture?". The Proceedings of ...
We have undertaken a study of these fractures to determine their epidemiology and to compare it to that of fractures caused by ... Falls down stairs caused 261 fractures and were the fifth commonest mode of injury in all ages but the second commonest in ... When grouped together, the odds of any foot or ankle fracture resulting from a fall down stairs were approximately double when ... Patients in this category were significantly younger than those with a fracture from a standing fall (54.6 yrs versus 64.9 yrs ...
Cohen suffered a hip fracture that required surgery. When the pain returned, as a surgeon himself he knew exactly where to go. ... Patient Recovers From Spontaneous Hip Fracture With Minimally Invasive Approach. "What struck me most about her was her ... "She had spontaneously fractured her hip due to horrible arthritis," said Dr. Williams. "I told her, We can fix this for you, ... direct anterior hip replacements and fractures of the extremities. ...
and spontaneous bone fractures. Some affected individuals have a smooth tongue. that lacks the bumps that house taste buds ( ...
  • We compared these 11 (Group 1) and another identically treated group of 14 patients (Group 2), without spontaneous femoral fractures and not different in mean age, pretreatment vertebral fractures, years since menopause, fluoride dosage, and plasma creatinine. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Although bisphosphonates effectively prevent vertebral fractures, and their safety has been tested in randomized trials, we must emphasize the need for awareness of the possibility that long-term suppression of bone turnover with bisphosphonates may eventually lead to an accumulation of fatigue-induced damage and adverse skeletal effects such as delayed fracture healing. (kjim.org)
  • We conducted a 5-year, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to determine whether salmon calcitonin nasal spray reduced the risk of new vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. (nih.gov)
  • Vertebral fractures were assessed with lateral radiographs of the spine. (nih.gov)
  • The primary efficacy endpoint was the risk of new vertebral fractures in the salmon calcitonin nasal spray 200-IU group compared with the placebo group. (nih.gov)
  • The 200-IU dose of salmon calcitonin nasal spray significantly reduced the risk of new vertebral fractures by 33% compared with placebo [200 IU: 51 of 287, placebo: 70 of 270, relative risk (RR) = 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.47- to 0.97, P = 0.03]. (nih.gov)
  • In the 817 women with one to five prevalent vertebral fractures at enrollment, the risk was reduced by 36% (RR = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.43- to 0.96, P = 0.03). (nih.gov)
  • The reductions in vertebral fractures in the 100-IU (RR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.60- to 1.21) and the 400-IU (RR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.59- to 1.18) groups were not significantly different from placebo. (nih.gov)
  • Salmon calcitonin nasal spray at a dose of 200 IU daily significantly reduces the risk of new vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. (nih.gov)
  • The only way to increase bone quality, reduce the risk of vertebral fractures and prevent falls is through regular exercise. (eventbrite.ca)
  • Simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fracture is a very rare condition, even in osteoporotic elderly individuals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To identify the genetic basis for osteoporotic fractures, we used a mouse model that develops spontaneous fractures (sfx) at a very early age. (jax.org)
  • Conclusion: Spontaneous subcapital femoral neck fracture even though being an uncommon complication, one should still be very vigilant about this sort of a complication after any metallic trochanteric fracture fixation or after removal of the implant, especially in patients who are elderly osteoporotic or have added risk factors like being alcoholic or being diabetic as was our patient. (journalcra.com)
  • A randomized trial of nasal spray salmon calcitonin in postmenopausal women with established osteoporosis: the prevent recurrence of osteoporotic fractures study. (nih.gov)
  • The findings were made in the large Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) cohort, comprising 4,365 men in United States, 1,823 in Sweden, and 1,669 in Hong Kong, with an average age ranging from 72.4 to 75.4 years, and average follow-up time from 8.7 to 10.8 years. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Nicholas C Harvey et al, Falls Predict Fractures Independently of FRAX Probability: A Meta-Analysis of the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study, Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2017). (medicalxpress.com)
  • Fractures in the proximal region of the femur, out of all osteoporotic fractures, present a great impact and greater severity as a direct cause or aggravation of morbid-mortality, or the social dependence of the elderly coupled with their functional restriction. (scribd.com)
  • 1989). Increased incidence of hip fracture in osteoporotic women treated with sodium fluoride. (fluoridealert.org)
  • But rib fractures are the most common and yet most unreported osteoporotic fractures and also occur in many cancers such as breast cancer, malignant melanoma, and myelomas, that metastasize and spread to the ribs," says Arjun Deb, MD, assistant professor in the departments of Medicine and Cell Biology and Physiology at UNC. (redorbit.com)
  • We report an atypical case of a young male adult who developed simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fractures without previous trauma or overuse. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bilateral femoral neck fractures were observed on a radiograph, and in addition, a fracture line was seen at the right subchondral region of the acetabulum using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bilateral osteosynthesis was performed, considering his young age, although more than 2 weeks had passed since the onset of the fracture. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our case suggests that simultaneous non-traumatic bilateral femoral neck fractures can occur in healthy young men. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Non-traumatic bilateral femoral neck fractures are very rare. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Only a few cases of bilateral femoral neck fractures secondary to transient osteoporosis of the hip in postpartum patients have also been described in the literature [ 5 , 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We recently treated a young male adult who developed simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fractures without an antecedent trauma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We report a patient who sustained non-traumatic stress fractures in bilateral femoral shafts with delayed healing after long-term bisphosphonate therapy. (kjim.org)
  • Le Fort fracture bilateral horizontal fracture of the maxilla. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Dr. Ott reported these atypical fractures have a characteristic X-ray appearance, and may be bilateral. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Fractures of the first rib are very rare and bilateral fractures are even more uncommon. (bmj.com)
  • 3- 9 Bilateral fracture of the second rib has not been described previously. (bmj.com)
  • Fracture morphology and surgeon's experience will dictate the choice of fixation method to achieve fracture stability and maintain cup stability. (aofoundation.org)
  • Column screw fixation is typically performed with non-cannulated screws when the fracture is reduced openly as the starting point is easily visualized. (aofoundation.org)
  • Introduction: Spontaneous subcapital femoral neck fracture is one of the rare complications arising after metallic fixation of peritrochanteric fractures. (journalcra.com)
  • The patient developed spontaneous subcapital femoral neck fracture after 24 months of Dynamic hip screw fixation. (journalcra.com)
  • We performed open debridement and fixation of fracture with rush nail. (jocr.co.in)
  • We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus in a 62-year-old female due to tuberculous osteomyelitis which was treated with open debridement and fixation using rush nails. (jocr.co.in)
  • Conclusion: No cut out complications occurred in the 3rd and 4th degree intertrochanteric fractures with a Baumgaertner index ≥ 25 mm, when the reduction and valgus fixation of the intertrochanteric fracture was performed with the Dynamic hip screw type sliding pin, as there was also, in the majority of patients, no anisomelia of the lower limbs. (scribd.com)
  • A fracture may also require internal fixation with pins, nails, metal plates, or screws to stabilize the alignment. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Triceps-sparing approach for open reduction and internal fixation of neglected displaced supracondylar and distal humeral fractures in children. (ebscohost.com)
  • Pin and plate fixation in complex distal humerus fractures: surgical technique and results. (ebscohost.com)
  • Her history of osteopenia and long-term alendronate use, as well as the likelihood of radiation damage to the ribs and additional bone loss owing to alendronate use, could have contributed to the pathologic fracture. (cmaj.ca)
  • This case study breaks down a healthy softball players spontaneous spiral fracture of the humerus. (sportsfootankle.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to collect safety and performance data of the Photodynamic Bone Stabilization System (PBSS) when used for the treatment of painful impending and actual fractures of the humerus secondary to metastatic cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus diaphysis due to tuberculous osteomyelitis with normal articular space. (jocr.co.in)
  • Plain radiograph of the right shoulder with humerus showed transverse fracture of proximal shaft of the right humerus. (jocr.co.in)
  • J-needle biopsy was done from proximal humerus fracture site. (jocr.co.in)
  • Tuberculosis is very common in India, but its presentation as spontaneous fracture of humerus is unusual. (jocr.co.in)
  • There are limited literature studies about tuberculous osteomyelitis causing pathological fracture in humerus [2]. (jocr.co.in)
  • Background: Temporary elbow stiffness is often seen after a lateral condylar fracture of the distal end of the humerus in children. (ebscohost.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to provide a prospective, longitudinal evaluation of elbow motion in a large group of pediatric patients undergoing treatment for a lateral condylar fracture of the distal end of the humerus. (ebscohost.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax treated with talc pleurodesis. (ersjournals.com)
  • A follow-up study was undertaken in all patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax who underwent talc pleurodesis for prolonged air leak or recurrence using thoracoscopy. (ersjournals.com)
  • Talc pleurodesis in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax via thoracoscopy is an effective procedure associated with normal lung function in patients who do not smoke. (ersjournals.com)
  • The incidence of spontaneous pneumothorax has been reported to be 16.7 cases·yr −1 and 5.8 cases·yr −1 per 100,000 individuals for males and females, respectively 1 . (ersjournals.com)
  • The reported incidence for primary spontaneous pneumothorax is 7.4 cases·yr −1 and 1.2 cases·yr −1 per 100,000 individuals for males and females, respectively 2 . (ersjournals.com)
  • Since primary spontaneous pneumothorax mostly affects young individuals it also represents a significant economic burden 3 . (ersjournals.com)
  • Guidelines for treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax exist from the British Thoracic Society and the American College of Chest Physicians, but are not followed uniformly since treatment protocols vary amongst various institutions 4 - 6 . (ersjournals.com)
  • Thoracoscopic talc pleurodesis under local anaesthetic has been shown to be safe, cost-effective and superior to conservative treatment by chest tube drainage in primary spontaneous pneumothorax that fail simple aspiration 7 - 9 . (ersjournals.com)
  • 48 h, the probability of spontaneous resolution of the pneumothorax is low 10 . (ersjournals.com)
  • 48 h in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax. (ersjournals.com)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is performed in spontaneous pneumothorax as it allows talc poudrage and may reveal adhesions, blebs or bullae 15 . (ersjournals.com)
  • 17 have reported mild restrictive impairment and pleural thickening following talc pleurodesis for primary spontaneous pneumothorax. (ersjournals.com)
  • Evaluating the treatment options for spontaneous pneumothorax. (nursingtimes.net)
  • This disorder can remain for years or until treatment for it resolves the cause of the bone loss and multiple spontaneous fractures. (healthcentral.com)
  • CT scans of the chest wall in these animals revealed multiple spontaneous fractures affecting multiple ribs. (redorbit.com)
  • Femoral neck fractures in the elderly are among the most commonly experienced orthopedic trauma, but the incidence in the young population is rare. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition to spontaneous, low trauma-induced femur fractures, Fosamax side effects can also include osteomyelitis, or inflammation of bone marrow, and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), also known as dead jaw disease. (unsafeproducts.com)
  • 4 ] reported a 35-year-old man who, after 6 years of treatment with 10 mg/day alendronate, had a sub-trochanteric fracture of the right femur after mild trauma. (kjim.org)
  • There was no history of any trauma, falling, or medication that predisposed to osteoporosis and fracture. (kjim.org)
  • A dedicated trauma fellow (SAA) collected all demographic, clinical, and injury data, and all fracture diagnoses were made from plain radiographs by experienced orthopaedic trauma surgeons. (hindawi.com)
  • All fractures sustained by falls down stairs and falls from standing height were retrospectively identified from the trauma database. (hindawi.com)
  • Case Presentation: A 60 year old male, Diabetic, Asian Indian in origin presented to us as trauma right hip with intertrochanteric fracture. (journalcra.com)
  • Fragility fractures are breaks that occur from little to no trauma, like: sneezing, coughing, bending forward while rounding the spine, or a fall resulting in a fracture from a standing height. (healthcentral.com)
  • These fractures are spontaneous, with no trauma. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Two months later the patient developed sudden tenderness in her right shoulder, again with no previous trauma, and a posterolateral second rib fracture was diagnosed by radiography. (bmj.com)
  • Non-traumatic fractures occur without adequate trauma and are regarded as stress fractures and usually can be found in the weakest portion of the rib. (bmj.com)
  • Spontaneous femoral neck or shaft fractures did not occur in either Groups 3 or 4. (fluoridealert.org)
  • This rare injury is discussed, addressing the mechanism of the injury, the treatment, and the types of sports that this fracture has been reported to occur. (sportsfootankle.com)
  • The need for additional assistance for the activities of daily life occur in 50% of patients with this type of fracture, beyond which their life expectancy may be reduced by up to 25%, thus greatly harming their quality of life [1]. (scribd.com)
  • Spontaneous crush fractures can occur when coming out of this position. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Fracture and embolisation of arterial catheters placed in the femoral region is a rare and serious complication that may result in arterial occlusion and thrombosis. (plexusmd.com)
  • Fracture of an osteochondroma is a rare complication and has been recognized as a cause of pain. (elsevier.com)
  • We present a case of fractured osteochondroma that healed without complication. (elsevier.com)
  • However, although the surgical treatment of the proximal fracture of the femur is widely known and accepted in the orthopedic fild, it is not without risk with the cut out being the most feared complication. (scribd.com)
  • 2 Second rib fracture as a complication after surgery for TOS has not previously been described. (bmj.com)
  • The bones of Phospho1(-/-) mice are hypomineralized, bowed and present with spontaneous greenstick fractures at birth. (nih.gov)
  • greenstick fracture one in which one side of a bone is broken and the other is bent, most commonly seen in children. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • interperiosteal fracture greenstick fracture . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Fosamax, a type of bisphosphonate drug, was approved in September 1995 to treat osteoporosis and help prevent hip and spine fractures. (wordpress.com)
  • Duverney's fracture fracture of the ilium just below the anterior inferior spine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If you already have spine fractures, do not do this exercise without first consulting with your doctor. (ehow.co.uk)
  • 15. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Functional Recovery After Decompressive Operation for Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures. (spineuniverse.com)
  • 16. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Recovery of Nerve Root Function After Complete Quadriplegia From Cervical Spine Fractures. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The most common fractures associated with osteoporosis are in the hip, spine, and wrist. (eventbrite.ca)
  • Osteoporosis or the loss of bone mass is a major public health problem in the Western world and commonly results in hip and spine fractures. (redorbit.com)
  • This change in bone turnover is likely to be the reason for numerous effects seen in hypervitaminosis A, such as hypercalcemia and numerous bone changes such as bone loss that potentially leads to osteoporosis, spontaneous bone fractures, altered skeletal development in children, skeletal pain, radiographic changes, and bone lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Background: Supracondylar humeral fractures are one of the most common skeletal injuries in children. (ebscohost.com)
  • At a recent medical meeting, the ASBMR in Toronto, Susan Ott MD presented data on atypical femur fractures induced by fosamax. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Over a three year period, Kaiser HMO doctors reported 135 atypical femur fractures out of a total of 16,000 broken femurs. (yourwebapps.com)
  • In osteomalacia, bone tenderness and pain accompany the slow development of the spontaneous, often symmetric fractures characteristically present in the osteomalacic pelvis and thighbones. (britannica.com)
  • The X-ray appearance of osteomalacia is rather normal until visible fracture has developed. (britannica.com)
  • The medical articles about femur fractures in long-term users of Fosamax have been getting attention recently, but many prescribing and treating doctors have still not learned about this possible Fosamax side effect, yet. (unsafeproducts.com)
  • In 2008, the FDA contacted Fosamax manufacturer, Merck, about continuous reports linking Fosamax to femur fractures. (unsafeproducts.com)
  • Sadly, it took 16 months for Merck to add femur fractures to the list of potential side effects included on the drug package insert. (unsafeproducts.com)
  • sudden femur fractures. (unsafeproducts.com)
  • Women who have taken a bisphosphonate for three years or longer have an increased risk of sudden femur fractures. (unsafeproducts.com)
  • Finally, after years of dragging their feet, the FDA issued a news release (Oct 13, 2010) warning of "possible" risk of femur fractures caused by the osteoporosis drugs such as fosamax, boniva, and actonel, etc. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Dr. Ott reported an incidence of 0.25 % for atypical mid femur fractures in patients on Bisphosphonates for 12 years. (yourwebapps.com)
  • The recent medical literature has been inundated with case reports and population studies linking bisphosphonate drugs like Fosamax and Actonel to atypical mid-femur fractures, as well as stress fractures. (yourwebapps.com)
  • However, concerns have been raised about potential over-suppression of bone turnover during long-term use of bisphosphonates, resulting in increased susceptibility to and delayed healing of non-spinal fractures. (kjim.org)
  • 2 ] have reported on nine patients who sustained spontaneous non-spinal fractures while on alendronate therapy. (kjim.org)
  • Chest wall injuries are also reviewed such as rib fractures, costochondritis, and slipping rib syndrome plus sternal and scapular fractures. (springer.com)
  • A 66-year-old woman presents to her family physician with an emergency department radiograph report showing a transverse fracture of the posterior right 11th rib. (cmaj.ca)
  • Hip precautions can be extremely important in patients who have suffered intraoperative acetabular fracture. (aofoundation.org)
  • Periprosthetic acetabular fracture in a patient treated with zoledronic acid for 7 years was reported. (bvsalud.org)
  • Long bones from Phospho1(-/-) mice did not fracture during 3-point bending but deformed plastically. (nih.gov)
  • It is highly likely that most orthopedician will encounter and treat tuberculosis and our case highlights the high degree of suspicion one must have in diagnosing pathological fracture of long bones. (jocr.co.in)
  • This is a very stable area, because there are two bones on either side of the one that you fractured," Dr. Radovic explains. (thedoctorstv.com)
  • Unfortunately, by the time affected bones break or fracture, the disease is already fairly advanced and less treatable. (eventbrite.ca)
  • Five were incomplete (stress) fractures. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Schneider [ 3 ] also described a 59-year-old previously healthy woman who experienced two non-traumatic stress fractures of the femur, 4 years apart, while on alendronate therapy. (kjim.org)
  • Alendronate therapy is assoaciated with an emerging pattern of increasingly prevalent subtrochanteric stress fractures. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Beth, 45, is an avid runner who suffered a sudden stress fracture in one of her feet. (thedoctorstv.com)
  • Incidence of stress fractures of the femoral shaft in women treated with bisphosphonates. (yourwebapps.com)
  • The fracture is through the mid-shaft, and the outer bony margin hickened (suggesting a stress fracture). (yourwebapps.com)
  • Dr Isaacs from Australia reported in a study August 2010 that these drugs cause insufficiency or stress fractures of the femur. (yourwebapps.com)
  • He found Xray evidence of pre-existing stress fractures in all 41 cases on bisphosphonates. (yourwebapps.com)
  • However, before the bisphosphonate era, there were no pre-existing stress fractures in ANY of these 21 earlier cases. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Dr Isaacs study suggests that bisphosphonate drugs damages and weakens the bone, making it susceptible to painful stress fracture. (yourwebapps.com)
  • The stress fracture may then cause a spontaneous mid femur fracture. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Above left image: Red arrow shows location of thickened cortex indicating stress fracture. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Most authors explain the stress fracture by the anatomy of the first rib. (bmj.com)
  • Alendronate use is associated with low-energy femoral shaft fractures. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Question The patient with a history of osteoporosis is at high risk for developing what type of fracture? (slideserve.com)
  • 3 Some authors have doubted the existence of this type of fracture and classify it as a congenital anomaly. (bmj.com)
  • no sex or site (foot or ankle) showed higher proportions of either left or right side fractures. (omicsonline.org)
  • A fall down stairs poses a substantial risk of fractures of the foot, ankle, and scapula. (hindawi.com)
  • She had a history of several spontaneous fractures in clavicle, ankle, femur and tibia. (arvojournals.org)
  • 2014) Foot and Ankle Fracture Incidence in South-Eastern Australia: An Epidemiological Study. (omicsonline.org)
  • The aim of this study was to report the incidence of all foot and ankle fractures during 2006 and 2007 among residents from the Barwon Statistical Division, located in south-eastern Australia. (omicsonline.org)
  • All fractures with ICD-9 code 824 (ankle) or 825 (foot) were included in this study. (omicsonline.org)
  • Age, proportions of left/right side fractures, cause of fracture and incidence rates (per 10,000 person-years) were all determined for foot and ankle fractures separately as well as for the two sites combined. (omicsonline.org)
  • There were 312 males and 274 females identified with foot fractures and 344 males and 410 females with ankle fractures. (omicsonline.org)
  • The median age for both foot and ankle fracture was lower in males compared to females. (omicsonline.org)
  • However, the incidence rate for foot/ankle fractures combined in those aged 50 years or over was lower in males than in females. (omicsonline.org)
  • Males sustained foot and ankle fractures at a lower median age than females and most fractures were the result of an accidental fall. (omicsonline.org)
  • Morphine did not alter tumor growth in vitro or tumor burden in vivo but accelerated sarcoma-induced bone destruction and doubled the incidence of spontaneous fracture in a dose- and naloxone-sensitive manner. (elsevier.com)
  • Because no osseous abnormalities other than the incident fracture were noted on the CT scan, the radiologist concluded that the rib fracture was due to causes other than metastasis. (cmaj.ca)
  • A technetium-99m bone scan and a SPECT showed increased pathological activity in both second ribs consistent with the fractures, but no other abnormalities (fig 1). (bmj.com)
  • Spontaneous reduction of a closed depressed skull fracture: a case report. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Objective: This paper describes the complications of cut out or the anisomelia of the lower limbs of patients with intertrochanteric fractures who underwent valgus reduction surgery. (scribd.com)
  • Methods: Sixty-one patients with 3rd and 4th degree, according to Tronzo classification, intertrochanteric fractures underwent surgery with the use of Dynamic hip screw type sliding screw and valgus reduction. (scribd.com)
  • Barton's fracture fracture of the distal end of the radius into the wrist joint. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Colles' fracture fracture of the lower end of the radius, the distal fragment being displaced backward. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The proximal fractures of the femur are counted among the group of orthopedic and traumatic pathologies which consume most of the fiancial resources set aside for health worldwide. (scribd.com)
  • We report two consecutive cases of catheter fracture that was successfully retrieved by a combination of surgery and balloon tip retrieval device. (plexusmd.com)
  • This balloon catheter system is designed to deliver the monomer cement to the fracture site via the medullary canal of the bone. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Spontaneous pleurodesis is another unique advantage of indwelling pleural catheter placement but the factors associated with its occurrence are not clearly established. (hkmj.org)
  • The aims of this study were to explore the safety of an indwelling pleural catheter in the management of symptomatic recurrent malignant pleural effusion, and to identify the factors associated with spontaneous pleurodesis. (hkmj.org)
  • Ten (43.5%) cases achieved minimal output according to defined criteria, in five of whom the pleural catheter was removed without subsequent re-accumulation of effusion (ie spontaneous pleurodesis). (hkmj.org)
  • Potential clinical factors associated with minimal output were identified along with the occurrence of spontaneous pleurodesis, which is a unique advantage offered by indwelling pleural catheter. (hkmj.org)
  • It was hoped that, by incorporating external and internal sampling methods into an organized program, locations undergoing spontaneous heating could be determined more readily. (cdc.gov)
  • Localized osteopenia is evident in X-rays of tumours or infections of bone, in osteonecrosis (death of bony tissue), in fracture, and in conditions of diminished mechanical demand. (britannica.com)
  • Deficient calcium intake combined with excessive phosphate intake causes osteopenia, fractures, and loss of teeth in dogs, cats, and other animals by excessive compensatory parathyroid hormone action. (britannica.com)
  • Initial follow-up 4 months, post-operative and plain radiograph showed overall improvement in general condition of the patient, weight gain, and good fracture healing. (jocr.co.in)
  • When a fracture has been identified intraoperatively, effort should be made to utilize the surgical exposure that is already available. (aofoundation.org)
  • Treatment of this fracture is controversial and some authors suggest fracture as an indication for surgical excision. (elsevier.com)
  • Surgical treatment continues to be the treatment of choice for intertrochanteric fractures of the femur. (scribd.com)
  • In this case, as in many other cases with osteolytic lesions or pathological fractures, the suspicion of a metastatic bone disease was initially high. (njmonline.nl)
  • The differential diagnosis concerning pathological fractures is actually very broad and includes osteoporosis, neoplastic metastatic disease, primary bone tumours, multiple myeloma, hyperparathyroidism, Paget's disease, renal osteodystrophy and osteomyelitis. (njmonline.nl)
  • Tubular pathological fractures due to acute osteomyelitis in adults are rare. (njmonline.nl)
  • Both tumor and tuberculosis should be considered as differential diagnosis for pathological fracture and one should run tests for both on biopsy tissue material. (jocr.co.in)
  • There are reports of tuberculous osteomyelitis involving maxilla, ulna, femur, and shoulder joint but none have reported pathological fracture in humeral diaphysis due to tuberculosis osteomyelitis without shoulder joint involvement. (jocr.co.in)
  • While dealing with pathological fracture, even though infection is not the obvious first etiological factor, one should consider tuberculosis in India as an etiology. (jocr.co.in)
  • Presented is a single case of a 6-year-old child in whom a closed depressed skull fracture was found to be elevated spontaneously less than 2 days after the injury. (biomedsearch.com)
  • She had spontaneously fractured her hip due to horrible arthritis," said Dr. Williams. (swedishcovenant.org)
  • Using a mouse mutant that fractures spontaneously and dies at a very young age, we identified that a deletion of the GULO gene, which is involved in the synthesis of vitamin C, is the cause of impaired osteoblast differentiation, reduced bone formation, and development of spontaneous fractures. (jax.org)
  • These results indicate that sustained morphine increases pain, osteolysis, bone loss, and spontaneous fracture, as well as markers of neuronal damage in DRG cells and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. (elsevier.com)
  • New research in animals triggered by a combination of serendipity and counterintuitive thinking could point the way to treating fractures caused by rapid bone loss in people, including patients with metastatic cancers. (redorbit.com)
  • While little is known about the biology of rib fractures, we have identified a molecular mechanism that could have important implications for the treatment of fractures in cancers and other conditions often associated with rapid bone loss," adds Deb, who also is a member of UNC's McAllister Heart Institute and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center. (redorbit.com)
  • The ABC News investigation uncovered numerous reports of women experiencing sudden fractures in the femur bone in the leg while walking, stepping over doorways, standing, or doing other low-impact activities that resulted in a fall from a standing (or lower) height. (wordpress.com)
  • What term is used for fracture of normal bone due to sudden and unexpected strain? (proprofs.com)
  • bony callus is remodeled in response to the mechanical stresses placed on it, forms a strong, permanent 'patch' at fracture site. (studystack.com)
  • Other factors that likely contributed to the rib fracture in this patient include previous radiotherapy of the right chest wall and axilla following surgery and chemotherapy 6 and five years of treatment with an aromatase inhibitor after she completed the other treatments ( Box 1 ). (cmaj.ca)
  • 7 A systematic review of bone health in women who underwent treatment with aromatase inhibitors for early-stage breast cancer showed that these patients were at a 1.5 times greater risk of fracture than patients undergoing treatment with tamoxifen or placebo. (cmaj.ca)
  • Therefore, we recommend: (1) Avoidance of sodium fluoride (NaF) treatment if pretreatment femoral fracture or thin femoral neck cortices exist. (fluoridealert.org)
  • 3) Cessation of NaF if femoral neck or shaft fracture occurs during treatment, and also on the attainment of early to moderate spinal fluorosis. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Fracture hazard was increased with longer duration of AST treatment and earlier age of first AST use. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Controversies regarding the treatment of similar elbow fractures, such as pin placement, operative urgency, and the management of dysvascular limbs, are discussed. (ebscohost.com)
  • Histology of an undisplaced femoral fatigue fracture in association with bisphosphonate treatment. (yourwebapps.com)
  • I fractured a couple of ribs playing golf, so my osteoporosis is pretty bad, thanks to prednisone, and I haven't ever taken it chronically or even often. (healingwell.com)
  • 4 Long-term use of bisphosphonates, e.g., alendronate in this case, has been associated with low-energy cortical fractures, including rib fractures. (cmaj.ca)
  • A population-based retrospective cohort study of fracture risk involving 608 women with a history of breast cancer showed that about 30% of the reported rib fractures were due to metastatic lesions. (cmaj.ca)
  • Sometimes, children experience spontaneous fractures as a result of these bone lesions. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Extensive studies have shown that therapy with bisphosphonates improves bone density and decreases fracture risk. (kjim.org)
  • Results from a new study in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research indicate that an individual's history of past falls can help predict their risk of bone fractures, independent of bone mineral density and other clinical factors. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Even after accounting for results from the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) and/or bone mineral density tests, past falls were associated with a 63%-71% increased risk of a new fracture occurring. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Increased fracture risk was associated with PPI use (21 percent increase) and combined PPI and H 2 RA use (30 percent increase), but not H 2 RA use alone after adjusting for other confounders. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, which can lead to increased risk of fracture. (eventbrite.ca)
  • We report 11 fluoride-treated postmenopausal patients who developed spontaneous fractures of the femoral necks, all subcapital initially. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Although the initial suspicion was that this patient's spontaneous rib fracture might be due to metastatic breast cancer, results of the bone and CT scans combined with normal tumour markers ruled that out. (cmaj.ca)
  • Methods: We prospectively evaluated 141 patients with lateral humeral condylar fractures at a mean age of 5.2 years and with a mean follow-up of twenty-nine weeks. (ebscohost.com)
  • 0.0001) were independent predictors of recovery of elbow motion after a lateral humeral condylar fracture in children. (ebscohost.com)
  • Conclusions: An initial rapid recovery in elbow motion can be expected after a lateral humeral condylar fracture in a child, with progressive improvements for up to one year afterthe injury. (ebscohost.com)
  • Supracondylar Humeral Fractures in Children. (ebscohost.com)
  • The article reviews important key concepts involved in treating supracondylar humeral fractures in children. (ebscohost.com)
  • Osteoporosis drugs are marketed and sold as fracture preventive, and are not supposed to cause fractures. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Above left image : Red Arrow shows Typical Cortical Thickening, and above this an obvious Tranverse Mid Femur Fracture in a patient on osteoporosis drugs- Bisphosphonate. (yourwebapps.com)
  • A number of randomized clinical trials have shown that they increase bone density and reduce the incidence of fractures in osteoporosis [ 2 ]. (kjim.org)
  • Drug manufacturers use ghost-writers to manipulate data from clinical trials to make the drug look good, and clinicians can deny the obvious when patients come in with fractures while on the drug, blaming it on the osteoporosis, and not an adverse effect of the drug. (yourwebapps.com)
  • Potential clinical factors associated with spontaneous pleurodesis were identified. (hkmj.org)
  • The association of multiple fractures and blindness suggested a clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome. (arvojournals.org)